Building A Clean Swell

Transcript

1 BUILDING A CLEAN SWELL 2018 RE PORT

2 In partnership with volunteer organizations around the globe, Ocean Conservancy’s International Coastal Cleanup mobilizes individuals to have an immediate and tangible impact on the health of our ocean. Volunteers remove millions of pounds of trash from beaches and waterways worldwide while fostering awareness of the marine debris issue and a sense of stewardship for one of our planet’s greatest natural resources.

3 CONTENTS The third Saturday in September is always one 1 A Message From Ocean of my favorite days of the year, and in 2017 it Conservancy’s CEO felt extra special. I was thrilled to participate in Ocean Conservancy’s flagship International 2 Photos From The Field Coastal Cleanup event at Kingman Island in 6 A Global #Cleanup Washington, D.C. Kingman is an island in the middle of the Anacostia River, and while it Community isn’t a beach or coastline, the amount of trash 8 Growing A we picked up was staggering. It showed how even far away from the Capital Cleanup coast, we can all be ocean stewards. What The Science 9 And I believe that’s the secret behind the success of the Tells Us International Coastal Cleanup, and the growing movement that we are building worldwide for trash-free seas. We all go through times Weird Finds 10 when we question whether or not the things we do will make a Around The World difference. But the International Coastal Cleanup’s answer to that is an exuberant yes—yes, we can make a difference, no matter whom 12 Data Spotlight or where you are. 2017 Ocean Trash Index 14 In 2017, nearly 800,000 volunteers collectively removed more than 20 million pieces of trash from beaches and waterways around the 20 Status Update: Building world. That’s 20 million fewer potential impacts on whales, turtles A Clean Swell Through and other beloved ocean wildlife. That’s an accomplishment we Policy And Partnership should all be proud of. 22 2017 Cleanup On behalf of everyone at Ocean Conservancy, thank you for all that Coordinators you did for our ocean this past ICC season. We couldn’t build this clean swell without you. 24 Acknowledgments Janis Jones Chief Executive Officer Ocean Conservancy MEXICO 1 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP

4 PHOTOS FROM THE A Snapshot of Cleanups from Around the World FIELD Every year, coordinators and volunteers around the world gather for the International Coastal Cleanup. Whether on a sandy tropical beach or against the backdrop of majestic mountains; whether scaling rocky shorelines or trudging through muddy gutters; they are united in their commitment to a healthier, cleaner ocean. NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS NIGERIA FLORIDA, USA HAWAII, USA After having to cancel last year’s ICC, we saw a renewal of faith and commitment by the volunteers to continue the fight against marine debris. Vice Admiral Valentin B. Prieto, Jr., Philippines Geronimo P. Reyes, Philippines Data collected through the cleanup event has helped to create real change— from state and local government legislation to community projects that happen throughout the year. Heidi Taylor, Australia OCEAN CONSERVANCY 2

5 A Snapshot of Cleanups from Around the World KENYA andmore volunteers; we getmore Year afteryear theICCischangingminds. Isaac Silveira, Portugal NEW YORK, USA ECUADOR My favorite part of the ICC is seeing so many volunteers from different backgrounds work together for an important cause. There is a wonderful sense of camaraderie at the cleanups that inspires hope for the future. Stephanie Mathias, Maryland, USA HONG KONG 3 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP

6 thewaypeoplethinkabout The ICCischanging howtheyinteractwiththeenvironment. Bill Pendergrass, Mariana Islands JAMAICA The best part of the ICC has been getting to know people who have common ground and act together. Yoshiko Ohkura, Japan FLORIDA, USA GoodMate WATERCRAFT CLEANUPS 2017 3 956 652 , , 754 150 Pounds Miles People (68,473 KG) (1,050 KM) 68 , 755 Total Items Collected VIETNAM OCEAN CONSERVANCY 4

7 PUERTO RICO SENEGAL Overcoming Environmental Disasters Extreme weather exacted a heavy toll on coastal communities CALIFORNIA, USA around the world, from the Gulf of Mexico and Puerto Rico to parts of Southeast Asia and Australia. In many of these places, the word “cleanup” took on a whole new meaning. For the first time in my 17 years Many of us have endured our challenges with Mother Nature, coordinating this cleanup, we and Texas was no different with the had to reschedule due to the devastation that Hurricane Harvey potential impact of Hurricane caused. Ocean Conservancy’s Irma. It seemed the volunteers support made all the difference in worked even harder to collect as much debris as possible since the world. We all face challenges H. Irma washed up quite a lot. from time to time and it’s nice Susan Ferris Hill, to be a part of the ICC family. South Carolina, USA Renee Toggle, Texas Our island just barely missed hurricanes Irma and Maria. To have our largest turnout in years shows our resilience. Danielle Moore, Nevis Island Underwater Cleanups IN PARTNERSHIP WITH PROJECT AWARE My favorite part of the ICC is the volunteers. They are the heart and 707 , 5 soul of this movement, Divers and it brings me such , 380 59 321 joy to see how hard they Miles of Waterways Items Collected (516 KM) work, and how dedicated Pounds of 059 , 170 Trash Collected they are to helping create (77,137 KG) trash-free seas. Lisa Christensen, Hong Kong To find out more or to get involved under the surface, check out our partner Project AWARE at www.projectaware.org/diveagainstdebris. INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP 5

8 A GLOBAL COMMUNITY #CLEANUP When you participate in an International Coastal Cleanup event, you are plugging into a network of people all over the world connected by a passion for a clean, healthy ocean. Thanks to social media and our new Clean Swell app, which allows volunteers to upload cleanup data in real-time to the world’s largest marine debris database, sharing that passion has never been easier. ENGLAND SCOTLAND SOUTH AFRICA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES OCEAN CONSERVANCY 6 OCEAN CONSERVANCY 6

9 WASHINGTON, D.C., USA CALIFORNIA, USA TEXAS, USA Volunteers love being able to plug in their personal data and see it pop up on the global map. It cultivates pride and environmental stewardship when we develop a sense of being part of something much larger than that one specific cleanup. Melanie Grillone, Florida, USA MALDIVES BUILD A CLEAN SWELL ™ With Clean Swell , join a global community working to improve our ocean by adding vital data KENYA to the world’s largest database on marine debris. This database is used by scientists, conservation groups, governments and industry leaders to study ocean trash and take action to ensure trash never reaches our beaches. 7 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP NORWAY

10 GROWING A CAPITAL CLEANUP Washington, DC isn’t known for sandy beaches, but that didn’t stop us from KINGMAN hosting our flagship International Coastal Cleanup in the nation’s capital. ISLAND On ICC day, Ocean Conservancy and our partners at the Living Classrooms Foundation mobilized more than 500 Washingtonians—including the Swedish Ambassador to the United States and representatives from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration—to collect trash from Kingman Island, a woody oasis in the heart of the Anacostia River. Rightnow,allaroundthe  countryandallaround  530  theworld,hundredsof ATTENDEES thousands of people are doingexactlywhat  3,972 , doing...Theyare  youare POUNDS rollinguptheirsleeves  andtakingactionto  keeptheoceanclean. , 12,850 Ocean Conservancy CEO PIECES OF TRASH Janis Searles Jones in opening remarks. We can fix marine debris. It is important that we all contribute to the solution. This is a doable issue. Sweden’s Ambassador Nicole LeBoeuf, Deputy Assistant Administrator of to the United States, Her Excellency Karin Olofsdotter NOAA’s National Ocean Service OCEAN CONSERVANCY 8

11 WHAT THE SCIENCE TELLS US As a marine ecologist and Ocean Conservancy’s chief scientist, Dr. George ISLAND Leonard is instrumental in catalyzing some of the most cutting-edge and comprehensive research on trash in the ocean. At Ocean Conservancy, we advocate for science-based solutions to some of the greatest threats facing our ocean, including marine debris. In 2010, we convened an international group of scientists to review what we know and what we still need to understand about plastic pollution in the ocean. This working group led to some of the most impactful studies that have NEW HAMPSHIRE, USA been published on plastic debris in the last five years. We now have better estimates of the total amount of plastic entering the ocean from land (about 8 million metric tons per year) and a comprehensive assessment of the ecological impacts posed to marine animals by plastics. In the past year, researchers have uncovered several new pieces to the marine debris puzzle. Here’s what they found: ■ ■ The concentration of plastic pollution in the North Pacific Subtropical and Gyre, famously known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, is growing, 3,972 the accumulation of marine debris is 4-16 times greater than previously thought. And nearly half of all the large debris in the Gyre is lost or abandoned fishing gear. Microplastics are, without a doubt, not just an ocean problem, but ■ ■ MALAYSIA rather a global problem, affecting freshwater and even land-based ecosystems. Scientists have found large amounts of microplastics in rivers; as well as in soils, spread through household and industrial composting. ■ ■ Plastic pollution does more than choke or entangle sea life. Scientists have found evidence that ocean plastic is linked with disease on coral reefs. Meanwhile, exposure to microplastics was shown to decrease the reproduction and population growth rate in zooplankton—animals that form the base of the ocean food chain. Questions, of course, remain. We still don’t know if plastic pollution impacts human health; where the majority of ocean plastic ends up; and to what degree many of the proposed solutions to plastic pollution will quantitatively address the global issue. Ocean Conservancy is committed to investing in science to help answer some of these key questions. BRUNEI 9 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP

12 WEIRD FINLAND NORWAY SWEDEN FINDS AROUND THE WORLD CANADA BERMUDA IRELAND Full Size Car Scooter Jar of Pizza Sauce HONG KONG THAILAND GREECE Tractor Tire 6-Seater Golf Cart Sled USA UNITED KINGDOM CANADA 14 7 Toy Tiara Stroller I TA LY THE BAHAMAS Frying Pan GREECE 21 SOUTH KOREA 24 Clown Wig CHINA 11 UNITED STATES JAPAN 2 20 Car Battery Window Frame JAMAICA HONG KONG 12 3 MEXICO TAIWAN 8 5 THAILAND INDIA PUERTO RICO 10 23 17 GUAM 18 PANAMA JAMAICA 19 SRI LANKA 13 PHILIPPINES 1 MALTA VENEZUELA 22 ECUADOR 4 KENYA SINGAPORE 16 25 PERU 15 Couch SOUTH AFRICA CHILE 6 9 Fire Extinguisher K EN YA SOUTH AFRICA CURAÇAO BRUNEI M A L AYSIA VENEZUELA Washing Machine Vampire Teeth Satellite Dish Megaphone Video Tapes Christmas Lights OCEAN CONSERVANCY 10

13 PARTICIPATING COUNTRIES TOP 25 NORWAY FINLAND SWEDEN CANADA BERMUDA IRELAND Full Size Car Scooter Jar of Pizza Sauce HONG KONG THAILAND GREECE Tractor Tire 6-Seater Golf Cart Sled USA UNITED KINGDOM CANADA 14 7 Toy Tiara Stroller I TA LY THE BAHAMAS Frying Pan GREECE 21 SOUTH KOREA 24 Clown Wig CHINA 11 UNITED STATES JAPAN 2 20 Car Battery Window Frame JAMAICA HONG KONG 12 3 MEXICO TAIWAN 8 5 THAILAND INDIA PUERTO RICO 10 23 17 GUAM 18 PANAMA JAMAICA 19 SRI LANKA 13 PHILIPPINES 1 MALTA VENEZUELA 22 ECUADOR 4 KENYA SINGAPORE 16 25 PERU 15 Couch SOUTH AFRICA CHILE 6 9 Fire Extinguisher K EN YA SOUTH AFRICA CURAÇAO BRUNEI M A L AYSIA VENEZUELA Washing Machine Vampire Teeth Satellite Dish Megaphone Video Tapes Christmas Lights INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP 11

14 SPOTLIGHT DATA Enough rope to weave a beach towel that is 28km long Enough plastic beverage bottles to fill over 5 standard swimming Enough balloons to pools lift a great white shark Enough straws to reach the height of over , 10 000 palm trees TINY TRASH, BIG IMPACTS TinyTrashareitems measuringlessthan2.5cm. Enough plastic bags to sew sails 461 , 5 OCEAN CONSERVANCY 12

15 Enough cigarette butts to marathons line the distance of 5 10 To p ITEMS COLLECTED 1. CIGARETTE BUTTS , 2 , 412 151 FOOD WRAPPERS 2. 1 , 739 , 74 3 3. PLASTIC BEVERAGE BOTTLES 135 , 1 , 569 PLASTIC BOTTLE CAPS 4. 107 , 091 , 1 5. PLASTIC GROCERY BAGS 523 , 757 OTHER PLASTIC BAGS 6. Enough bottle caps to 74 6 211 , cover surfboards 645 7. STRAWS, STIRRERS 562 , 643 8. PLASTIC TAKE OUT/ AWAY CONTAINERS 146 893 , , , 933 , 326 , 249 2 1 459 Plastic Pieces Foam Pieces Glass Pieces 632 , 874 PLASTIC LIDS 9. 878 , 624 A total weight FOAM TAKE OUT/ 10. of trash AWAY CONTAINERS equal to 580 , 570 812 cruise ship anchors INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP 13

16 OCEAN TRASH INDEX 2017 INTERNATIONAL CLEANUPS FOAM PLASTIC TAKE PLASTIC TA KE PLASTIC OTHER PLASTIC TOTAL ITEMS GROCERY BEVERAGE OUT/AWAY PLASTIC CIGARETTE STRAWS, BOTTLE OUT/AWAY FOOD PLASTIC COUNTRY/LOCATION PEOPLE KILOGRAMS COLLECTED MILES KILOMETERS POUNDS CONTAINERS LI D S BA G S BA G S CAPS BOTTLES CONTAINERS B UT TS WRAPPERS STIRRERS ARGENTINA 625 0.7 1,660 248 84 606 695 0.4 117 98 85 211 142 209 753 4,648 ARUBA 3 – 3 16 – – 2 – – – – 7 – – 4 2 AUSTRALIA 6,862 165 265 68,153 8,632 5,580 453 624 1,245 31 3,641 76 3,456 24 1,197 3,113 AUSTRIA 1 0.2 0.3 13 – 1 2 1 0.4 – 2 2 – 1 3 1 BANGLADESH 1,764 800 2 3 17,924 6,321 3,852 470 362 241 289 351 820 512 280 328 BARBADOS 6,522 2,958 19 53,695 2,278 3,517 4,564 6,980 850 1,727 1,599 390 946 924 759 12 BELGIUM 1 0.2 0.3 10 – 3 – – 0.4 – – – 1 – 1 3 BELIZE 12,292 5,575 39 62 72,853 1,729 3,503 4,996 5,169 1,673 2,795 2,126 534 1,179 735 960 BERMUDA 741 3,972 17 27 58,404 5,774 1,320 1,669 2,210 303 562 646 394 457 275 8,756 BONAIRE 96 600 1 2 1,137 – 13 36 – 4 1 – – – – 1,323 BRAZIL 2,969 8,139 24 38 86,481 36,012 2,398 3,540 17,944 3,503 1,489 4,580 240 2,263 187 2,468 BRUNEI 360 3,867 1,754 55 89 20,130 1,426 1,029 4,593 1,631 932 680 611 668 410 935 CAMBODIA 14 55 0.2 0.3 1,489 – 51 96 30 3 72 65 – 30 61 121 CANADA 16,070 886 1,427 570,689 148,638 23,910 13,799 17,559 152 12,490 8,026 148 110 7,608 117,163 53,144 CAPE VERDE 80 2 4 673 – 38 37 54 232 16 – – 20 – 18 511 CAYMAN ISLANDS 1,759 798 7 11 11,255 405 180 1,826 243 155 154 287 93 292 145 1,775 CHILE 7,813 796,160 164 264,826 12,117 8,291 11,819 102 7,706 3,135 4,552 8,643 2,809 12,134 361,132 CHINA 10,748 57,025 49 79 16,406 3,238 1,202 714 1,061 374 320 238 221 28 1,732 125,719 COLOMBIA 421 22,802 10,343 22 35 49,380 1,386 1,696 15,597 2,777 666 328 2,854 1,037 4,167 1,590 COSTA RICA 455 4,885 8 13 39,705 156 227 27,025 6,088 83 7 2,937 35 73 47 10,769 CURAÇAO 124 723 7 12 8,559 – 17 79 20 24 8 10 13 7 11 1,594 CYPRUS 406 115 3 4 5,347 – – 254 – – – – – – – – CZECH REPUBLIC 1 3 0.2 0.3 14 8 1 – 0.4 1 – 1 – – – 1 DENMARK 15 22 10 2 3 26 4 – 10 – 4 – – 1 – – DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 5,526 24,783 11,242 11 19 117,068 7,866 6,333 3,416 5,252 2,315 1,012 4,013 4,945 3,592 5,701 ECUADOR 57,571 35,053 38,728 395,069 179,200 565 910 1,070,709 52,362 63,873 86,694 59,957 51,977 54,372 23,391 76,633 EGYPT 4 50 0.2 0.3 146 – – 40 – – 10 – 1 – 1 110 FIJI 13 6 9 1,614 8 134 113 64 176 – 40 35 23 55 91 41 FINLAND 7 2 3 365 – 3 6 – 2,200 2 – – – – 28 4,850 FRANCE 1,125 511 18 29 2,748 1,009 129 163 132 34 27 2 17 6 2 134 GERMANY 994 1,297 181 291 30,577 12,712 3,799 521 957 375 352 467 262 530 100 2,859 GHANA 1,873 98,831 17 28 1,649,009 71,426 80,208 97,326 82,133 100,739 91,445 16,001 200,132 223,469 298,336 217,885 GREECE 4,810 6,800 47 75 64,793 26,660 1,568 14,992 4,106 1,249 719 3,946 861 2,252 27 3,141 GRENADA 119 1,015 4 6 4,366 149 636 1,024 231 140 78 64 64 71 33 460 GUAM 5,398 16,464 32 51 99,227 9,506 4,514 10,225 4,960 2,295 2,485 1,155 1,205 2,358 1,099 36,297 GUATEMALA 29 7,947 2 3 52,976 – – – 17,520 – – – – – – – GUYANA 175 2,833 1,285 3 5 11,743 107 400 2,020 945 123 400 383 178 210 124 HONDURAS 48 70 5 8 271 – 16 89 155 18 10 – 3 2 2 7 HONG KONG 87,349 12,297,616 5,578,105 1,061 1,708 220,351 4,941 5,215 7,465 10,157 3,780 4,338 4,326 3,229 4,601 2,378 ICELAND – 1 0.4 0.2 0.3 2 – 1 1 – – – – 1 – – INDIA 11,451 148,871 311 501 597,517 24,408 27,674 36,397 28,643 72,550 51,538 14,961 26,190 17,223 17,770 67,527 INDONESIA 2,987 50 80 95,051 40,032 7,119 5,346 4,002 2,933 3,734 5,778 2,357 2,692 1,472 4,751 2,155 IRAN 1 0.7 1 22 – – – – 21 – – – – – 12 46 IRELAND 6,326 2,870 26 41 14,559 1,152 1,744 1,007 1,213 373 390 335 228 211 49 585 ISRAEL 175 355 0.6 1 974 – 77 90 14 146 279 13 28 – – 783 I T A LY 46 140 3 5 858 17 23 33 55 127 11 8 6 14 3 310 JAMAICA 9,675 72,860 104 167 722,278 3,518 18,251 160,628 69,253 11,962 24,226 6,935 10,437 10,044 13,174 298,972 JAPAN 5,009 81,053 32 51 110,119 12,508 5,312 6,599 4,658 2,575 3,121 1,062 3,723 1,341 2,216 36,765 KENYA 6,931 28,926 73 117 265,386 47,383 12,263 49,259 40,599 9,707 8,084 5,348 4,807 3,957 721 63,772 KUWAIT 532 84,988 2 3 123 – – 1 187,366 – – – – – – – MACAU 1,250 1,157 525 2 3 55,310 – 590 2,390 850 20 20 420 90 – 20,490 MALAWI 76 800 0.6 1 37,419 309 2,890 7,302 1,764 9,509 577 250 305 504 85 1,340 MALAYSIA 1,073 11,628 5,274 71 114 77,001 4,627 5,651 23,664 3,606 4,744 3,160 2,340 1,314 545 1,541 MALDIVES – 2,190 993 8 13 1,775 2 159 499 129 60 78 40 1 9 37 OCEAN CONSERVANCY 14

17 TOP ITEMS COLLECTED GLOBALLY 10 10 5 6 7 8 9 2 1 3 4 PLASTIC FOAM TAKE PLASTIC PLASTIC TA KE OTHER PLASTIC TOTAL ITEMS PLASTIC OUT/AWAY OUT/AWAY CIGARETTE BOTTLE PLASTIC GROCERY STRAWS, BEVERAGE FOOD COUNTRY/LOCATION KILOMETERS COLLECTED MILES KILOGRAMS POUNDS PEOPLE CAPS B UT TS BA G S CONTAINERS CONTAINERS BOTTLES LI D S WRAPPERS STIRRERS BA G S ARGENTINA 211 98 117 625 695 606 84 248 4,648 0.7 0.4 753 1,660 209 142 85 ARUBA – – – – – – 2 – – 16 3 2 3 7 4 – AUSTRALIA 453 1,245 3,456 76 3,641 31 1,197 624 24 5,580 8,632 68,153 265 165 3,113 6,862 AUSTRIA 1 0.4 0.2 0.3 13 – 1 2 1 1 – 2 2 – 3 1 BANGLADESH 512 820 351 289 241 362 328 280 6,321 17,924 3 2 800 1,764 470 3,852 BARBADOS 390 946 924 759 6,522 2,958 12 19 53,695 2,278 3,517 4,564 6,980 850 1,727 1,599 BELGIUM 1 – 3 1 0.4 0.2 0.3 10 – 3 – – 1 – – – BELIZE 1,179 2,795 1,673 5,169 4,996 3,503 1,729 735 72,853 62 39 5,575 12,292 960 2,126 534 BERMUDA 275 457 394 646 562 303 2,210 1,669 741 5,774 58,404 27 17 3,972 8,756 1,320 BONAIRE – 96 1,323 600 1 2 1,137 – 13 36 – 4 1 – – – BRAZIL 2,263 36,012 2,969 17,944 8,139 24 38 86,481 2,398 3,540 2,468 3,503 1,489 4,580 240 187 BRUNEI 1,426 668 611 680 932 1,631 4,593 1,029 935 20,130 89 55 1,754 3,867 360 410 CAMBODIA 30 61 121 55 0.2 0.3 1,489 – 14 96 30 3 72 65 – 51 CANADA 110 7,608 8,026 16,070 117,163 53,144 886 1,427 570,689 148,638 23,910 13,799 17,559 152 12,490 148 CAPE VERDE – 80 54 37 38 – 673 4 2 232 511 18 16 20 – – CAYMAN ISLANDS 292 154 155 1,775 1,826 180 405 145 11,255 11 7 798 1,759 243 287 93 CHILE 2,809 8,643 4,552 3,135 7,706 7,813 11,819 8,291 12,134 264,826 164 102 361,132 796,160 12,117 CHINA 1,732 10,748 125,719 57,025 49 79 16,406 3,238 1,202 714 1,061 374 320 238 221 28 COLOMBIA 4,167 1,386 421 22,802 10,343 22 35 49,380 1,696 15,597 2,777 666 328 2,854 1,037 1,590 COSTA RICA 156 35 2,937 7 83 6,088 27,025 227 47 39,705 13 8 4,885 10,769 455 73 CURAÇAO 7 11 1,594 723 7 12 8,559 – 17 79 20 24 8 10 124 13 CYPRUS – – – 406 254 115 3 4 5,347 – – – – – – – CZECH REPUBLIC – 1 1 – 1 8 14 0.3 0.2 0.4 1 3 – – 1 – DENMARK 4 1 – – 4 – 10 – – 26 3 2 10 22 15 – DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 3,592 5,701 24,783 11,242 11 19 117,068 7,866 6,333 5,526 5,252 2,315 1,012 4,013 3,416 4,945 ECUADOR 51,977 35,053 23,391 54,372 57,571 59,957 86,694 76,633 52,362 1,070,709 910 565 179,200 395,069 38,728 63,873 EGYPT 1 – 1 4 110 50 0.2 0.3 146 – – 40 – – 10 – FIJI 40 55 176 64 113 134 8 1,614 9 6 41 91 13 – 35 23 FINLAND – 7 – 6 3 – 365 – 3 2 2,200 4,850 28 2 – – FRANCE 6 27 34 132 163 129 1,009 2 2,748 29 18 511 1,125 134 2 17 GERMANY 100 530 262 467 352 375 957 521 994 12,712 30,577 291 181 1,297 2,859 3,799 GHANA 298,336 1,873 217,885 98,831 17 28 1,649,009 71,426 80,208 97,326 82,133 100,739 91,445 16,001 200,132 223,469 GREECE 2,252 26,660 4,810 14,992 6,800 47 75 64,793 1,568 3,141 4,106 1,249 719 3,946 861 27 GRENADA 149 64 64 78 140 231 1,024 636 33 4,366 6 4 460 1,015 119 71 GUAM 2,358 1,099 5,398 36,297 16,464 32 51 99,227 9,506 4,514 10,225 4,960 2,295 2,485 1,155 1,205 GUATEMALA – – 52,976 29 17,520 7,947 2 3 – – – – – – – – GUYANA 178 123 945 2,020 400 107 11,743 210 5 3 1,285 2,833 175 400 383 124 HONDURAS – 3 – 10 18 7 89 16 2 271 8 5 70 155 48 2 HONG KONG 4,601 2,378 87,349 12,297,616 5,578,105 1,061 1,708 220,351 4,941 5,215 7,465 10,157 3,780 4,338 4,326 3,229 ICELAND 1 – 2 1 1 0.4 0.2 0.3 – – 1 – – – – – INDIA 24,408 17,770 14,961 51,538 72,550 28,643 36,397 27,674 17,223 597,517 501 311 67,527 148,871 11,451 26,190 INDONESIA 2,357 2,692 1,472 2,987 4,751 2,155 50 80 95,051 40,032 7,119 5,346 4,002 2,933 3,734 5,778 IRAN – – 1 – – – – 22 1 0.7 21 46 12 – – – IRELAND 228 373 1,213 1,007 1,744 1,152 14,559 211 41 26 2,870 6,326 585 390 335 49 ISRAEL – 28 13 279 146 14 90 77 – 974 1 0.6 355 783 175 – I T A LY 14 3 46 310 140 3 5 858 17 23 33 55 127 11 8 6 JAMAICA 10,437 13,174 722,278 9,675 160,628 72,860 104 167 3,518 18,251 298,972 69,253 11,962 24,226 6,935 10,044 JAPAN 12,508 2,216 1,062 3,121 2,575 4,658 6,599 5,312 1,341 110,119 51 32 36,765 81,053 5,009 3,723 KENYA 4,807 3,957 721 6,931 63,772 28,926 73 117 265,386 47,383 12,263 49,259 40,599 9,707 8,084 5,348 KUWAIT – – – – 1 – – 123 3 2 84,988 187,366 532 – – – MACAU 2,390 1,157 420 – 90 20 20 850 20,490 590 – 55,310 3 2 525 1,250 MALAWI 504 85 1,764 800 0.6 1 37,419 309 2,890 7,302 1,340 9,509 577 250 76 305 MALAYSIA 1,314 545 1,541 1,073 11,628 5,274 71 114 77,001 4,627 5,651 23,664 3,606 4,744 3,160 2,340 MALDIVES 2 9 – 78 60 129 499 37 1 1,775 13 8 993 2,190 159 40 15 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP

18 OCEAN TRASH INDEX 2017 INTERNATIONAL CLEANUPS FOAM PLASTIC TAKE PLASTIC TA KE PLASTIC OTHER PLASTIC TOTAL ITEMS GROCERY BEVERAGE OUT/AWAY PLASTIC CIGARETTE STRAWS, BOTTLE OUT/AWAY FOOD PLASTIC COUNTRY/LOCATION PEOPLE KILOGRAMS COLLECTED MILES KILOMETERS POUNDS CONTAINERS LI D S BA G S BA G S CAPS BOTTLES CONTAINERS B UT TS WRAPPERS STIRRERS M A LT A 20 24 372 – 50 70 13 15 2 2 5 5 3 71 169 976 MARSHALL ISLANDS 10,470 11 2 3,785 – 105 762 93 52 53 – 23,082 17 3 303 1 MAURITIUS 1,581 2 3 5,994 630 707 1,197 285 155 418 66 89 66 81 29 717 MEXICO 12,367 305 490 378,206 55,942 12,384 29,230 37,170 44,688 11,560 8,729 4,088 16,583 4,518 13,722 98,521 MONTSERRAT 30 14 2 3 176 7 21 2 1 3 – – – – – – MOROCCO 76 35 2 175 20 5 32 – 2 15 – – – – 6 1 MOZAMBIQUE 450 1 2 2,845 300 85 124 287 19 50 178 7 252 9 41 204 NETHERLANDS 5 137 221 11,785 3,733 3 4 8,005 14,931 – 3 1 5 3 2,753 32,917 NEW ZEALAND 10 15 1 2 82 2 7 1 – 3 2 8 – 1 – 34 NICARAGUA 4,064 20,830 31 66,056 3,257 5,412 7,815 4,061 19 3,086 3,454 1,399 2,524 1,519 1,456 9,448 NIGERIA 223 1,315 4 6 13,034 120 1,381 2,934 1,780 1,380 600 174 1,143 141 295 2,898 NORTHERN IRELAND 129 2,447 1,110 20 32 3,012 7 275 103 123 29 5 15 64 37 51 NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS 757 863 59 94 21,097 4,351 1,565 1,151 764 566 608 237 243 237 348 1,903 NORWAY 2,084 77 124 20,408 531 4 2,950 704 625 584 61 299 249 219 77,724 35,255 PAKISTAN 34 0.2 0.3 215 7 19 32 – 7 – 3 1 1 1 19 16 PANAMA 198,687 90,123 92 149 120,104 585 1,095 60,293 1,860 5,174 2,317 411 567 952 1,901 5,022 PERU 7,110 121,555 10 17 242,896 5,746 6,369 7,877 9,002 4,650 6,100 1,581 916 726 1,269 267,983 PHILIPPINES 214,165 239,013 792 1,274 4,223,167 353,025 936,998 143,617 191,806 227,278 282,513 268,983 190,324 114,957 79,555 526,933 PORTUGAL 220 2,325 20 33 14,431 4,260 775 5,125 453 269 166 303 407 94 221 1,612 PUERTO RICO 6,814 65,260 116 186 251,926 26,781 6,495 21,318 14,267 3,821 5,327 15,313 3,006 13,109 2,013 29,601 QATAR 6 9 0.1 0.2 151 8 11 12 29 7 – 4 8 3 3 19 RUSSIA 121 270 1 2 2,908 309 238 163 595 83 85 51 28 22 8 109 SENEGAL 134 3,263 1,480 11 18 1,089 – 250 373 – – – – 10 – 9 SEYCHELLES 46 114 5 8 1,523 2 251 56 251 353 – 23 75 2 24 105 SINGAPORE 3,703 32,113 14,566 38 62 195,706 20,355 9,379 18,238 6,564 4,604 7,986 14,227 3,020 1,838 2,454 SLOVENIA 353 785 356 9 14 18,300 6,337 813 172 622 886 80 204 – – – SOUTH AFRICA 327 2,896 18,032 27,985 12,694 2,618 527 174,575 11,783 15,752 10,860 17,107 3,306 2,723 9,728 1,355 SOUTH KOREA 3,912 30,133 40 65 74,452 9,902 6,246 4,970 3,086 6,349 5,712 2,458 763 1,106 578 66,432 SPAIN 1,408 17 27 54,865 6,572 867 1,536 2,235 1,032 1,078 935 470 499 144 9,171 4,160 SRI LANKA 31,557 61 98 392,697 15,699 12,817 106,304 15,112 36,459 20,446 6,933 3,616 4,290 5,026 9,067 80,379 ST. KITTS & NEVIS 3,620 1,642 17 27 18,136 58 462 4,967 2,598 413 579 232 156 495 419 477 ST. LUCIA 254 2,388 12 19 23,828 558 1,123 9,550 1,891 313 517 322 166 97 294 5,265 ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES 1 0.5 0.1 0.2 27 – – 3 6 – – 1 – – – 1 SURINAME 68 860 15 24 14,407 5 4 1,896 2,577 111 16 1 7 – 293 9,749 SWEDEN 1,478 9,350 17 27 2,096 134 15 26 3 25 2 10 19 5 5 4,241 SWITZERLAND 25 40 1 2 4,406 2,649 174 41 56 8 19 14 24 11 5 88 TAIWAN 19,299 46,383 14 22 235,586 6,950 5,171 57,767 102,257 16,444 – 23,133 – – – 32,359 TANZANIA 497 4,436 2,012 2 3 42,726 141 8,515 3,601 9,132 6,375 2,912 1,587 1 1,010 1,257 THAILAND 4,081 9,663 35 57 57,474 3,572 4,252 2,685 21,304 3,388 4,040 2,367 117 12,203 342 1,216 THE BAHAMAS 510 3,213 1,457 17 27 17,772 175 512 1,320 839 434 492 310 211 297 155 TONGA – 13 6 0.5 0.8 142 – 7 15 8 9 – – 5 – 14 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 1,900 24,946 25 40 126,846 937 4,913 27,320 12,554 1,783 3,451 888 1,584 1,472 2,585 11,315 TUNISIA 39 5 7 391 – – 5 3 – – – 4 1 2 120 54 TURKEY 110 1 2 12,828 6,440 727 593 830 747 108 20 – – – 546 1,647 U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 429 195 2 3 3,391 24 253 287 252 73 32 68 42 52 27 74 UKRAINE 50 2,560 3 5 37,840 5,600 3,450 8,963 2,871 630 70 145 57 220 960 5,644 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 1,820 4,430 33 53 411,555 390,637 1,164 3,638 3,499 1,055 504 430 618 821 353 9,767 UNITED KINGDOM 7,196 10,121 150 243 163,880 11,926 15,721 22,314 12,770 2,460 1,731 418 1,982 240 97 4,624 UNITED STATES 209,643 3,743,118 12,051 19,392 5,860,996 842,837 345,241 242,534 286,678 96,815 85,070 144,464 61,827 73,305 47,259 1,697,851 URUGUAY 1,999 3,525 46 74 39,415 4,120 3,187 2,403 4,595 2,271 1,993 983 1,141 3,062 667 7,771 VANUATU 214 773 25 40 35,803 1,954 3,037 2,109 1,703 2,062 2,398 805 737 902 642 1,010 VENEZUELA 4,521 48,777 22,125 58 94 276,499 14,960 10,770 27,361 13,825 10,447 10,670 9,952 4,518 21,803 3,484 VIETNAM 543 7,569 5 8 20,661 999 1,461 1,409 16,687 1,494 831 843 1,382 112 635 1,305 LOCATION NOT RECORDED 10,700 63,292 28,708 177 285 523,481 – – – – – – – – – – GRAND TOTAL 580,570 20,471,242 9,285,600 18,935 30,472 20,824,689 2,412,151 789,138 1,569,135 1,091,107 757,523 746,211 643,562 632,874 624,878 1,739,743 OCEAN CONSERVANCY 16

19 ITEMS COLLECTED GLOBALLY TOP 10 6 7 9 10 5 8 2 1 3 4 PLASTIC FOAM TA KE OTHER TAKE PLASTIC PLASTIC PLASTIC TOTAL ITEMS GROCERY BEVERAGE PLASTIC OUT/AWAY OUT/AWAY FOOD CIGARETTE PLASTIC STRAWS, BOTTLE COUNTRY/LOCATION KILOMETERS MILES KILOGRAMS POUNDS PEOPLE COLLECTED CAPS BA G S BA G S CONTAINERS CONTAINERS STIRRERS WRAPPERS LI D S B UT TS BOTTLES M A LT A 5 2 2 20 13 70 50 – 976 24 15 169 372 71 3 5 MARSHALL ISLANDS 3 11 – 53 52 93 762 105 – 3,785 2 1 10,470 23,082 303 17 MAURITIUS 1,197 155 66 89 66 418 29 285 81 707 630 5,994 3 2 717 1,581 MEXICO 98,521 44,688 305 490 378,206 55,942 12,384 29,230 37,170 12,367 11,560 8,729 4,088 16,583 13,722 4,518 MONTSERRAT – – – – 3 1 2 – – 176 3 2 14 30 7 21 MOROCCO – 6 76 35 1 2 175 20 5 32 – 2 15 – – – MOZAMBIQUE 7 252 19 450 204 1 2 2,845 300 85 124 287 41 50 178 9 NETHERLANDS 5 – 5 8,005 4 3 3,733 3 11,785 221 137 14,931 32,917 2,753 3 1 NEW ZEALAND – 1 – 8 2 3 – 1 10 2 82 2 1 15 34 7 NICARAGUA 1,519 1,456 20,830 9,448 19 31 66,056 3,257 5,412 7,815 4,061 4,064 3,086 3,454 1,399 2,524 NIGERIA 141 120 223 2,898 1,315 4 6 13,034 1,381 2,934 1,780 1,380 600 174 1,143 295 NORTHERN IRELAND 7 64 15 5 29 123 103 275 51 3,012 32 20 1,110 2,447 129 37 NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS 237 348 1,903 863 59 94 21,097 4,351 1,565 1,151 764 566 757 237 243 608 NORWAY 249 219 61 2,084 77,724 35,255 77 124 20,408 531 4 2,950 704 625 584 299 PAKISTAN 1 34 – 32 19 7 215 0.3 0.2 7 16 19 – 1 3 1 PANAMA 952 2,317 5,174 1,860 60,293 1,095 585 1,901 120,104 149 92 90,123 198,687 5,022 411 567 PERU 1,269 726 916 1,581 6,100 4,650 9,002 7,877 7,110 5,746 242,896 17 10 121,555 267,983 6,369 PHILIPPINES 79,555 214,165 526,933 239,013 792 1,274 4,223,167 353,025 936,998 143,617 191,806 227,278 282,513 268,983 190,324 114,957 PORTUGAL 94 4,260 220 5,125 2,325 20 33 14,431 775 1,612 453 269 166 303 407 221 PUERTO RICO 26,781 3,006 15,313 5,327 3,821 14,267 21,318 6,495 2,013 251,926 186 116 29,601 65,260 6,814 13,109 QATAR 3 3 19 9 0.1 0.2 151 8 11 12 29 7 – 4 6 8 RUSSIA 22 8 51 121 595 270 1 2 2,908 309 238 163 109 83 85 28 SENEGAL 10 – – 373 250 – 1,089 18 11 1,480 3,263 134 – – – 9 SEYCHELLES 2 75 23 – 353 105 56 251 24 1,523 8 5 114 251 46 2 SINGAPORE 1,838 2,454 32,113 14,566 38 62 195,706 20,355 9,379 18,238 6,564 4,604 7,986 14,227 3,703 3,020 SLOVENIA – – 204 80 886 622 353 – 6,337 18,300 14 9 356 785 172 813 SOUTH AFRICA 1,355 2,618 2,896 18,032 27,985 12,694 327 527 174,575 11,783 15,752 10,860 17,107 3,306 2,723 9,728 SOUTH KOREA 2,458 578 6,349 3,086 4,970 6,246 9,902 74,452 65 40 30,133 66,432 3,912 5,712 763 1,106 SPAIN 470 1,032 2,235 1,536 867 6,572 54,865 499 27 17 4,160 9,171 1,408 1,078 935 144 SRI LANKA 4,290 20,446 31,557 15,112 106,304 12,817 15,699 5,026 392,697 98 61 36,459 80,379 9,067 6,933 3,616 ST. KITTS & NEVIS 419 495 156 232 579 413 2,598 4,967 477 58 18,136 27 17 1,642 3,620 462 ST. LUCIA 294 254 5,265 2,388 12 19 23,828 558 1,123 9,550 1,891 313 517 322 166 97 ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES – – 1 1 0.5 0.1 0.2 27 – 3 6 – – 1 – – SURINAME 5 7 1 16 111 2,577 9,749 4 293 14,407 24 15 860 1,896 68 – SWEDEN 5 5 1,478 9,350 4,241 17 27 2,096 134 15 26 3 25 2 10 19 SWITZERLAND 24 5 4,406 25 88 40 1 2 2,649 174 41 56 8 19 14 11 TAIWAN – 16,444 32,359 57,767 5,171 6,950 235,586 – 22 14 46,383 102,257 19,299 – 23,133 – TANZANIA 141 1 1,587 2,912 6,375 9,132 3,601 8,515 1,257 42,726 3 2 2,012 4,436 497 1,010 THAILAND 12,203 342 4,081 21,304 9,663 35 57 57,474 3,572 4,252 2,685 1,216 3,388 4,040 2,367 117 THE BAHAMAS 211 155 17,772 510 3,213 1,457 17 27 175 512 1,320 839 434 492 310 297 TONGA – – – – 9 8 15 14 – 142 0.8 0.5 6 13 7 5 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 1,584 1,472 2,585 1,900 24,946 11,315 25 40 126,846 937 4,913 27,320 12,554 1,783 3,451 888 TUNISIA – 2 – 3 5 – – 391 7 5 54 120 39 – 4 1 TURKEY – 110 830 593 727 6,440 12,828 2 1 747 1,647 546 108 – 20 – U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 287 42 27 52 68 32 73 252 429 253 24 3,391 3 2 195 74 UKRAINE 960 5,644 2,560 3 5 37,840 5,600 3,450 8,963 2,871 630 70 145 57 50 220 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 821 353 9,767 4,430 33 53 411,555 390,637 1,164 3,638 3,499 1,055 504 430 1,820 618 UNITED KINGDOM 240 97 418 7,196 22,314 10,121 150 243 163,880 11,926 15,721 4,624 12,770 2,460 1,731 1,982 UNITED STATES 842,837 47,259 144,464 85,070 96,815 286,678 242,534 345,241 73,305 5,860,996 19,392 12,051 1,697,851 3,743,118 209,643 61,827 URUGUAY 1,141 3,062 667 1,999 7,771 3,525 46 74 39,415 4,120 3,187 2,403 4,595 2,271 1,993 983 VANUATU 805 642 2,062 1,010 2,109 3,037 1,954 35,803 40 25 773 1,703 214 2,398 737 902 VENEZUELA 27,361 48,777 9,952 21,803 4,518 10,670 10,447 13,825 3,484 10,770 14,960 276,499 94 58 22,125 4,521 VIETNAM 112 635 16,687 7,569 5 8 20,661 999 1,461 1,409 1,305 1,494 831 843 543 1,382 LOCATION NOT RECORDED – – – 10,700 63,292 28,708 177 285 523,481 – – – – – – – GRAND TOTAL 2,412,151 624,878 580,570 746,211 757,523 1,091,107 1,569,135 1,739,743 632,874 20,824,689 30,472 18,935 9,285,600 20,471,242 789,138 643,562 17 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP

20 OCEAN TRASH INDEX 2017 U.S. CLEANUPS PLASTIC PLASTIC PLASTIC OTHER METAL GLASS TOTAL ITEMS PLASTIC/FOAM CIGARETTE GROCERY FOOD BEVERAGE BOTTLE STRAWS, BEVERAGE BOTTLE BEVERAGE STATE /LOCATION PEOPLE KILOGRAMS COLLECTED MILES KILOMETERS POUNDS CAPS BOTTLES CANS CAPS BOTTLES STIRRERS PACKAGING B UT TS WRAPPERS BA G S ALABAMA 16,297 217 350 96,745 18,332 6,668 6,150 6,546 5,475 3,132 2,730 2,094 2,252 1,842 3,795 35,928 ALASKA 2,436 57 92 526 1,981 1,113 447 269 351 99 115 133 150 673 20,055 1,105 ARIZONA 39,216 6 9 39,455 – – – 100 22,975 – 1 – – – 473 50,652 ARKANSAS 5 2 27 43 10,483 2,500 650 453 83 34 857 16 39 371 20 51 CALIFORNIA 839,629 380,849 3,897 1,087,249 198,814 104,146 58,647 27,009 16,810 27,366 19,468 15,281 29,594 17,270 66,535 2,422 COLORADO 604 30 49 13,712 2,003 3,004 403 1,501 2,506 151 500 1,006 400 300 21,002 9,526 CONNECTICUT 28,427 12,894 157 253 856,718 32,884 10,157 6,941 2,799 4,019 3,557 3,361 1,816 4,062 1,913 10,141 DELAWARE 1,977 8,607 240 59,019 16,205 4,682 4,720 2,847 149 1,913 1,007 1,009 766 1,267 1,604 3,904 DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 604 1,865 11 18 15,324 544 1,324 687 3,460 588 192 337 280 – – 4,111 FLORIDA 21,010 173,552 78,722 2,904 4,674 644,422 95,679 37,683 74,420 31,948 18,545 26,500 14,009 14,190 10,562 8,431 GEORGIA 24,056 171,122 1,499 2,412 77,836 8,750 565 2,504 10,629 6,620 1,396 13,858 3,437 716 1,937 377,260 HAWAII 1,558 309 497 137,369 35,574 5,822 6,844 1,649 19,189 1,665 2,052 936 3,644 2,066 2,135 42,305 IDAHO 4 2 0.3 0.4 72 35 – 4 2 1 1 2 – – – 5 ILLINOIS 2,024 1,487 135 217 205,782 18,016 8,320 4,877 2,216 1,689 2,660 1,225 1,184 2,461 840 3,278 INDIANA 481 664 6 9 15,710 4,282 747 969 1,465 202 450 90 79 205 419 270 KENTUCKY 19 818 371 1 2 3,737 267 210 83 204 292 58 385 124 165 62 LOUISIANA 1,766 10,393 125 202 47,346 4,086 3,468 4,447 5,839 2,442 2,011 1,151 1,110 726 946 22,913 MAINE 1,147 2,412 105 169 43,427 17,362 2,441 1,123 5,317 781 436 536 288 281 1,041 1,525 MARYLAND 1,429 35,060 15,903 72 116 74,933 4,951 3,782 6,416 8,514 1,187 3,866 1,208 989 528 1,450 MASSACHUSETTS 3,657 47,420 317 510 498,311 31,030 10,456 104,543 19,335 9,580 5,571 6,961 3,709 2,505 8,573 7,590 MICHIGAN 5,772 1,716 1,417 79 127 98,262 23,032 6,192 3,125 1,131 581 3,372 292 583 887 2,470 MINNESOTA 70 288 174 626 284 11 18 11,344 4,270 860 186 289 292 196 67 52 MISSISSIPPI 2,489 21,495 265 427 246,209 48,158 12,384 1,057 19,883 6,843 5,212 5,994 5,176 4,095 6,404 47,388 MISSOURI 10 3 4 505 104 59 4 41 20 6 4 10 3 13 46 21 MONTANA 9 1 2 23 – – – 2 5 – – 4 – – 7 12 NEBRASKA 6,582 2,986 44 71 9,741 981 1,238 225 1,348 892 202 329 292 150 54 514 NEVADA 1 3,664 13 3 – – – 1 8 – 1 – – – 236 1,662 NEW HAMPSHIRE 881 10,307 53 85 44,562 16,533 1,112 846 4,675 1,163 386 526 168 239 697 1,549 NEW JERSEY 4,931 34,648 200 322 188,184 27,102 23,277 14,822 8,792 3,262 19,822 3,078 4,705 3,867 4,487 15,716 NEW YORK 6,376 15,320 200 322 254,427 34,237 18,745 20,017 10,944 6,696 10,927 7,584 7,789 7,490 7,253 33,775 NORTH CAROLINA 5,182 33,301 396 637 114,895 39,667 8,057 73,416 10,370 6,653 2,525 2,162 3,591 940 1,191 5,101 OHIO 7,145 1,614 42 67 85,936 8,566 9,370 3,161 13,002 3,720 2,201 2,131 4,076 566 1,623 28,664 OKLAHOMA 59 1,867 847 7 12 2,540 687 246 68 142 213 161 78 73 34 3 OREGON 780 73,626 33,396 258 415 31,280 5,795 4,194 1,815 626 714 678 364 393 812 1,982 PENNSYLVANIA 13,527 861,656 62 99 74,176 28,053 9,508 5,873 7,365 4,463 71 1,923 2,783 108 2,615 390,841 RHODE ISLAND 2,635 101 162 156,921 34,036 12,150 8,534 7,371 4,773 4,552 4,231 2,866 2,857 3,666 16,502 7,485 SOUTH CAROLINA 2,503 285 459 68,743 16,836 4,129 3,397 5,733 9,266 1,635 2,189 1,312 437 1,876 1,885 20,427 TENNESSEE 673 305 10 16 318 24 50 35 27 14 7 1 12 1 10 7 TEXAS 4,101 505,703 981 142,930 12,186 6,909 16,875 7,857 609 4,744 2,220 2,712 2,690 2,426 15,442 229,383 UTAH 2 3 0.2 0.3 60 16 15 9 1 3 1 – 1 – – 5 VERMONT 249 3,918 39 63 108,390 174 264 41 315 421 16 257 37 – – 1,777 VIRGINIA 6,834 105,634 384 619 181,198 26,576 16,895 6,949 15,548 7,170 4,068 7,381 11,286 8,324 5,615 232,884 WASHINGTON 2,180 10,331 395 636 52,885 12,236 3,671 22,777 1,342 1,290 839 1,214 660 526 854 1,561 WISCONSIN 1,324 1,240 35 57 39,759 10,273 2,890 2,344 985 1,087 962 644 530 433 834 2,172 STATE NOT RECORDED 195 1,346 611 14 22 – – – – – – – – – – – GRAND TOTAL 92,209 3,743,118 1,697,851 12,051 19,392 5,860,996 842,837 209,643 286,678 242,534 168,855 144,464 111,682 96,815 93,917 345,241 OCEAN CONSERVANCY 18

21 TOP ITEMS COLLECTED IN THE UNITED STATES 10 10 5 6 7 8 9 2 1 3 4 METAL PLASTIC PLASTIC GLASS PLASTIC OTHER TOTAL ITEMS BOTTLE STRAWS, PLASTIC/FOAM BOTTLE FOOD BEVERAGE BEVERAGE GROCERY BEVERAGE CIGARETTE STATE /LOCATION KILOMETERS COLLECTED MILES KILOGRAMS POUNDS PEOPLE CAPS B UT TS BOTTLES PACKAGING CANS CAPS BA G S WRAPPERS STIRRERS BOTTLES ALABAMA 2,252 2,730 3,132 5,475 6,546 6,150 6,668 18,332 96,745 350 217 16,297 35,928 3,795 1,842 2,094 ALASKA 1,113 526 2,436 1,105 57 92 20,055 1,981 673 133 447 269 351 99 115 150 ARIZONA 473 50,652 22,975 6 9 39,455 – – – 100 39,216 – 1 – – – ARKANSAS 2,500 371 39 16 857 34 51 453 20 10,483 43 27 2 5 83 650 CALIFORNIA 17,270 66,535 839,629 380,849 2,422 3,897 1,087,249 198,814 104,146 58,647 27,009 16,810 27,366 19,468 15,281 29,594 COLORADO 1,006 400 2,506 21,002 9,526 30 49 13,712 2,003 3,004 403 1,501 604 151 500 300 CONNECTICUT 4,062 3,557 4,019 10,141 6,941 10,157 32,884 856,718 253 157 12,894 28,427 2,799 3,361 1,913 1,816 DELAWARE 1,267 766 1,009 1,007 1,913 1,977 2,847 4,720 1,604 16,205 59,019 240 149 3,904 8,607 4,682 DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA – 4,111 1,865 11 18 15,324 544 1,324 687 3,460 588 192 337 280 604 – FLORIDA 8,431 14,190 14,009 26,500 18,545 31,948 74,420 10,562 95,679 644,422 4,674 2,904 78,722 173,552 21,010 37,683 GEORGIA 716 1,937 377,260 171,122 1,499 2,412 77,836 8,750 565 2,504 10,629 6,620 24,056 13,858 3,437 1,396 HAWAII 3,644 2,066 2,052 2,135 42,305 19,189 309 497 137,369 35,574 5,822 6,844 1,649 1,558 1,665 936 IDAHO – 1 2 4 – 35 72 0.4 0.3 2 4 5 1 – 2 – ILLINOIS 2,461 2,660 1,689 2,216 4,877 8,320 18,016 205,782 217 135 1,487 3,278 2,024 1,225 840 1,184 INDIANA 419 205 79 90 450 202 270 969 481 4,282 15,710 9 6 664 1,465 747 KENTUCKY 62 818 371 1 2 3,737 267 210 83 204 292 58 385 124 19 165 LOUISIANA 946 1,110 1,151 2,011 2,442 5,839 4,447 726 4,086 47,346 202 125 10,393 22,913 1,766 3,468 MAINE 281 1,041 5,317 2,412 105 169 43,427 17,362 2,441 1,123 1,525 781 436 536 1,147 288 MARYLAND 528 1,450 1,208 1,429 35,060 15,903 72 116 74,933 4,951 3,782 6,416 8,514 1,187 3,866 989 MASSACHUSETTS 510 9,580 6,961 3,709 3,657 104,543 47,420 317 8,573 2,505 498,311 31,030 10,456 7,590 19,335 5,571 MICHIGAN 887 2,470 1,716 3,125 1,417 79 127 98,262 23,032 6,192 5,772 1,131 581 3,372 292 583 MINNESOTA 860 288 52 67 196 292 289 186 70 4,270 18 11 284 626 174 11,344 MISSISSIPPI 5,176 4,095 6,404 2,489 47,388 21,495 265 427 246,209 48,158 12,384 1,057 19,883 6,843 5,212 5,994 MISSOURI 4 13 20 41 4 59 104 505 4 3 21 46 10 6 10 3 MONTANA 4 9 2 – – – 23 – 2 1 5 12 7 – – – NEBRASKA 150 202 892 1,348 514 1,238 981 9,741 71 44 2,986 6,582 225 329 54 292 NEVADA – – – 1 – 1 1 – 236 – 3 13 8 1,662 3,664 – NEW HAMPSHIRE 697 10,307 4,675 53 85 44,562 16,533 1,112 846 881 1,163 386 526 168 1,549 239 NEW JERSEY 4,487 4,705 3,078 19,822 3,262 8,792 14,822 3,867 27,102 188,184 322 200 15,716 34,648 4,931 23,277 NEW YORK 7,490 7,253 6,376 33,775 15,320 200 322 254,427 34,237 18,745 20,017 10,944 6,696 10,927 7,584 7,789 NORTH CAROLINA 3,591 1,191 114,895 5,182 73,416 33,301 396 637 39,667 8,057 5,101 10,370 6,653 2,525 2,162 940 OHIO 4,076 3,720 7,145 3,161 9,370 8,566 85,936 67 42 13,002 28,664 1,614 2,201 566 2,131 1,623 OKLAHOMA 687 73 78 161 213 142 68 246 3 2,540 12 7 847 1,867 59 34 OREGON 812 780 73,626 33,396 258 415 31,280 5,795 1,982 1,815 626 714 678 364 4,194 393 PENNSYLVANIA 108 2,615 1,923 71 4,463 7,365 5,873 2,783 28,053 74,176 99 62 390,841 861,656 13,527 9,508 RHODE ISLAND 2,866 2,857 3,666 2,635 16,502 7,485 101 162 156,921 34,036 12,150 8,534 7,371 4,773 4,552 4,231 SOUTH CAROLINA 2,189 1,876 2,503 5,733 3,397 4,129 16,836 68,743 459 285 9,266 20,427 1,885 1,635 1,312 437 TENNESSEE 12 14 27 7 50 24 318 16 10 305 673 35 7 1 1 10 TEXAS 12,186 2,712 2,220 4,744 4,101 7,857 16,875 6,909 2,426 142,930 981 609 229,383 505,703 15,442 2,690 UTAH – – 3 1 0.2 0.3 60 16 15 9 2 3 1 – 5 1 VERMONT – – 257 16 421 315 41 37 174 108,390 63 39 1,777 3,918 249 264 VIRGINIA 11,286 8,324 5,615 6,834 232,884 105,634 384 619 181,198 26,576 16,895 6,949 15,548 7,170 4,068 7,381 WASHINGTON 1,214 854 1,290 1,342 1,561 3,671 12,236 52,885 636 395 10,331 22,777 2,180 839 660 526 WISCONSIN 10,273 834 644 962 1,087 1,324 2,344 2,890 433 39,759 57 35 985 2,172 1,240 530 STATE NOT RECORDED – – – 195 1,346 611 14 22 – – – – – – – – GRAND TOTAL 842,837 93,917 92,209 144,464 168,855 242,534 286,678 345,241 96,815 5,860,996 19,392 12,051 1,697,851 3,743,118 209,643 111,682 19 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP

22 S TAT US U P DAT E BUILDING A CLEAN SWELL THROUGH POLICY AND PARTNERSHIP ® As director of Ocean Conservancy’s Trash Free Seas program, Nicholas Mallos oversees Ocean Conservancy’s marine debris work, including the annual International Coastal Cleanup, our ocean plastics research initiatives and the Trash Free Seas ® , a co-operative group of businesses, conservationists and scientists focused Alliance on reducing plastic inputs into the ocean. Ocean Conservancy has been tackling marine debris for more than thirty years through the International Coastal Cleanup, and I’ve had the honor of participating in the past nine events. It’s with this hindsight that I can say with confidence that global momentum around this critical ocean issue is growing. For one, as our chief scientist George Leonard points out (page 9), the body of science continues to expand. More and more researchers are exploring critical elements of the problem, whether it’s the impact of sunlight on the molecular structure of plastic or the effectiveness of certain legislation (e.g., bag bans, bottle In February 2018, Ocean Conservancy scientists conducted the first-ever ocean bills, etc.) in reducing plastic beach trash plastic baseline survey on the island of St. Helena. and the amount of trash and plastic flowing into the ocean. (un)popular this little object would become. The Coca-Cola Company announced the ambitious goal of collecting one can or Now, a variety of similar campaigns have These studies, and the issue of ocean plastic more broadly, are making bottle for every such item sold. This came cropped up around the world. Last year, headlines. In September 2017, a photo of just a few months after the Trash Free BBC’s Blue Planet II series—which featured ® an episode on ocean threats, including Seas Alliance a seahorse clinging to a cotton swab off announced the launch of the coast of Bali was shared worldwide. the Closed Loop Ocean fund to accelerate marine debris—was the most-watched show in all of the U.K., and led the British investments in waste collection and That same month, activists petitioned the recycling systems in Southeast Asia, UN to recognize the Great Pacific Garbage government to take on plastic pollution where plastic leakage into the ocean is as a policy issue, with the Queen banning Patch as a country, garnering global straws and plastic bottles on royal estates. headlines. U.K.-based Sky News went currently greatest. Governments around the world are making so far as to launch Sky Ocean Rescue, The list could go on, but suffice it to say moves. In April 2017, Kenya banned dedicated exclusively to covering the that we at Ocean Conservancy and all plastic bags; and Vanuatu became the first challenges facing our ocean. the amazing people coordinating and country to ban straws in May 2018. volunteering through the International The ocean plastic crisis is resonating with Corporations, too, are taking action. At the Coastal Cleanup are part of a bigger, the public in far-reaching ways. When Ocean World Economic Forum in January 2018, Conservancy launched our Skip the Straw global movement. We are collectively longtime Ocean Conservancy partner campaign back in 2014, we had no idea how building a clean swell. OCEAN CONSERVANCY 20

23 INTERNATIONAL 2017 COASTAL CLEANUP Sponsoring Partners Sponsor Spotlight: NOAA Bank of America In March 2018, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric The Coca-Cola Foundation Administration (NOAA)—a longtime ICC partner and strong advocate for healthy, trash-free oceans—co-hosted the sixth National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration International Marine Debris Conference (6IMDC) in San Diego, California. Altria Group, Inc. Approximately 700 people attended from all over the world: researchers, Brunswick Public Foundation advocates and activists, and plastics manufacturers; people who work on beach cleanups and underwater cleanups; entrepreneurs developing Cox Enterprises, Inc. new ways of tackling ocean plastic; artists; and more. Over 70 technical The Dow Chemical Company sessions covered all aspects of the marine debris problem, from grassroots organizing around plastic bag bans to corporate social responsibility on The Forrest C. & Frances H. Lattner plastic production, from best practices in educating young students about Foundation ocean trash to social justice and inclusivity in the trash-free seas movement. ITW One thing was absolutely clear: a lot of people care about marine debris and are working to solve the problem. And though a seventh IMDC has The Martin Foundation yet to be announced (they are not an annual event), the desire for more Owens-Illinois Inc. regular meetings like these was palpable. Rest assured that until the next ® one, Ocean Conservancy’s Trash Free Seas team, and the many people Pacific Life Foundation dedicated to solving the marine debris crisis—including our ICC partners and volunteers—will continue working toward a healthy ocean free of trash. DC CLEANUP PARTNER Patagonia OUTREACH PARTNERS Keep America Beautiful Project AWARE United Nations Environment Programme U.S. Department of State Waterkeeper Alliance More than 70 ICC coordinators gathered in San Diego ahead of 6IMDC to swap stories and learn from one another. 21 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP

24 CLEANUP COORDINATORS 2017 IRELAND MOROCCO COLOMBIA INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS Surfrider Foundation Morocco EcoPazifico Clean Coasts Ireland, An Taisce — Rommy Schreiber & Andrea Aramburo Yassine Belhouari Environmental Education Unit GLOBAL Sinead McCoy & Richard Curtin ® Dive Against Debris Underwater Cleanups MOZAMBIQUE Fundación Bahía y Ecosistemas de Project AWARE ISRAEL Colombia Dolphin Encounters Hannah Pragnell-Raasch Jose Yunis & Diana de la Vega Ministry of Environmental Protection Angie Gullan & Diana Rocha Galia Pasternak ARGENTINA Seaflower Research and Conservation NETHERLANDS Asociación ReCrear JAMAICA The North Sea Foundation Foundation & Help 2 Oceans Foundation Liliana Toranzo Marijke Boonstra Jamaica Environment Trust Alexandra Pineda-Muñoz & Jorge Sánchez Suzanne Stanley & Tamoy Singh AUSTRALIA NICARAGUA COSTA RICA Tangaroa Blue Foundation Asociación Terra Nostra Paso Pacifico JAPAN Heidi Taylor Liza González & Sarah Otterstrom Giovanna Longhi Japan Environmental Action Network Azusa Kojima & Yoshiko Ohkura BAHAMAS CYPRUS NIGERIA ABACO ISOTECH and AKTI Project and Research Centre Marine and Coastal Conservation Society OKINAWA Friends of the Environment Okinawa Int. Clean Beach Club’s I Love Demetra Orthodoxou of Nigeria Olivia Patterson Maura Oyeronke Adegbile Okinawa Campaign by World O.C.E.A.N DENMARK E Heinrich-Sanchez GRAND BAHAMA ISLAND NORTHERN IRELAND NOVASOL Coastal Care Bahamas Ministry of Tourism Cecilie Winther Keep Northern Ireland Beautiful K EN YA Jeffrey Pinder & Andre Cartwright Kenya Conservation of Aquatic Resources Jodie-Ann McAneaney DOMINICAN REPUBLIC David Olendo BANGLADESH Fundación Vida Azul NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS Kewkradong Oscar Oviedo & Laura Santana Bureau of Environmental and Coastal Watamu Marine Association S. M. Muntasir Mamun Quality, Coastal Resources Division Coastal Steve Trott ECUADOR Resources Management Office BARBADOS World Student Community for Sustainable Mar y Ambiente Consultores William T. Pendergrass, Jihan Buniag, Caribbean Youth Environment Network — Jaime Paredes Development Mallory Muna & Janice Castro Barbados Ezra Onyango FIJI Sade Dean & Jamilla Sealy NORWAY Frontier Fiji KUWAIT Keep Norway Beautiful BELIZE Sarah Wilson Kuwait Dive Team Lise Gulbransen & Malin Jacob The Scout Association of Belize Dari AlHuwail GERMANY Ricardo N. Alcoser PAKISTAN MALAWI Kieler Forschungswerkstatt Scuba Adventures Pakistan BERMUDA Henrike Bratz Malawi Beach and Underwater Cleanup Syed Mansoor Ahmed Keep Bermuda Beautiful Moses Laija Banda & Innocent Sopha GHANA Anne Hyde PANAMA Mjumira Smart Nature Freak Youth Volunteers Asociación Nacional para la Conservación BRAZIL Foundation of Accra-Ghana MA L AYSIA de la Naturaleza (ANCON) & Fundación Instituto Gremar Resgate e Reabilitação de Tyler Kobla The Body Shop Malaysia para la Protección del Mar (PROMAR) Animais Marinhos (GREMAR) Cheryl Cheam, Jesse Siew & Loshini John Jenny Echeverria & Ricardo Wong GREECE Rosane Farah Reef Check Malaysia HELMEPA PERU Fundação Mamíferos Aquáticos Julian Hyde Constantinos Triantafillou & Christiana VIDA — Instituto Para la Protección del Daniela Araujo Prekezes Medio Ambiente MARSHALL ISLANDS Arturo Alfaro Medina BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS Marshall Islands BluCru GRENADA Conservation & Fisheries Department Benedict Yamamura & Candice Guavis St. George’s University PHILIPPINES Jasmine Bannis Dr. Clare Morrall ICC Philippines MAURITIUS Geronimo P. Reyes BRUNEI Belle Verte GUAM Coastal Cleanup Brunei Bureau of Statistics & Plans, Guam Coastal Courtney Jenkins, Lee Foley & Virginia Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary Alan Tan Lamarque Management Program Vice Admiral Valentin B. Prieto, Jr. PCGA Patrick Keeler & Marilyn Guerrero C A M B O DI A MEXICO PORTUGAL Marine Conservation Cambodia BAJA CALIFORNIA GU YA N A Portuguese Marine Litter Association Nina Clayton Caribbean Youth Environment Network — Proyecto Fronterizo João Frias Guyana Margarita Diaz CANADA Sailors for the Sea Portugal Elon McCurdy & Kiefer Jackson Great Canadian Shoreline Cleanup, Vancouver COLIMA Mel Amancio & Isaac Silveira Aquarium Marine Science Centre HONG KONG Universidad de Colima Kate Le Souef & Rachel Schoeler PUERTO RICO Hong Kong Cleanup Lidia Silva Iñiguez Lisa Chistensen Scuba Dogs Society CAYMAN ISLANDS QUINTANA ROO Silmarie Sánchez, Argenis Cátala Sánchez Dolphin Discovery Grand Cayman ARSE CARIBE Green Council & Angela Perez Lisa Leopardi Araceli Ramirez Lopez Issac Ho RUSSIA CHILE INDIA SONORA Maritime State University Aquatic Environment Preservation Department, Indian Maritime Foundation Centro Intercultural de Estudios de Yana Blinovskaia DIRECTMAR, Chilean Navy Commodore P K Malhotra, Admiral K R Desiertos y Oceanos Macarena Maldifassi Srinivasan & Tilbin Thambi Paloma Valdivia & Sherie Steele CHINA TAMAULIPAS INDONESIA Shanghai Rendu NPO Development Centre Bali Hotel Association Club Regatas Corona, A.C. Yonglong Liu Alejandra López de Román Jacinta Julianti Widiana & N.S. Widiari 22 OCEAN CONSERVANCY

25 TURKEY SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS Nevis Historical & Conservation Society TURMEPA Şeyda Dağdeviren Hill Nicole Liburd & Pauline Ngunjiri Department of Physical Planning and U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS Environment ST. CROIX NIGERIA University of the Virgin Islands — VIMAS Sylvester Belle Marcia Taylor SAINT LUCIA Caribbean Youth Environment Network — ST. JOHN CONNECTICUT NEW HAMPSHIRE Friends of the Virgin Islands National Park St. Lucia Save the Sound, Connecticut Fund for the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Marcia Dolor-Lashley Karen Jarvis Conservation Environment Annalisa Paltauf Jen Kennedy SAINT VINCENT AND THE ST. THOM AS University of the Virgin Islands GRENADINES DELAWARE NEW JERSEY Howard Forbes, Jr. Sustainable Grenadines Inc. Delaware Department of Natural Resources New Jersey Clean Communities Council Kristy Shortte, Orisha Joseph & Martin & Environmental Control Sandy Huber & Paula Berg UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Barriteau Joanna Wilson A Beach Cleanup Dubai (ABCD) Clean Ocean Action SENEGAL Mostafa Ibrahiem DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Catie Tobin Barracuda Club Dakar Ocean Conservancy Emirates Diving Association Julie Bernier NEW YORK Tess Krasne Reema Abbas & Ibrahim Al-Zubi American Littoral Society SINGAPORE Natalie Grant FLORIDA Dubai Municipality, Environment Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, Multiple Coordinators Department National University of Singapore NORTH CAROLINA Zehra Zawawi N. Sivasothi GEORGIA Multiple Coordinators Georgia Environmental Protection Division, UNITED KINGDOM SLOVENIA OHIO Rivers Alive Marine Conservation Society Eco Vitae Alliance for the Great Lakes Harold Harbert Lauren Eyles Andreja Palatinus Tyrone Dobson HAWAII URUGUAY SOUTH AFRICA Partners for Clean Streams Keep the Hawaiian Islands Beautiful EcoPlata, MVOTMA Plastics SA Jessica Batanian & Mike Mathis Chris Woolaway Cristina Quintas John Kieser OREGON ILLINOIS VANUATU Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife SOLVE Alliance for the Great Lakes Vanuatu Environmental Science Society Wayne Munger Joy Hawkins Gabby Petrelli & Tyrone Dobson Dr. Christina Shaw SOUTH KOREA PENNSYLVANIA INDIANA VENEZUELA Our Sea of East Asia Network Keep Pennsylvania Beautiful Alliance for the Great Lakes FUDENA Dr. Jongmyoung Lee & Sunwook Hong Michelle Dunn Gabby Petrelli & Tyrone Dobson Déborah Bigio, Luisa Escobar, & Nelson Ovalles SPAIN RHODE ISLAND LOUISIANA Asociación Ambiente Europeo Save the Bay Save Our Lake, Lake Pontchartrain Basin VIETNAM Daniel Rolleri July Lewis Foundation Centre for Marinelife Conservation and Joann Haydel Community Development SRI LANKA SOUTH CAROLINA Hoang Anh Marine Environment Protection Authority South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium MAINE Jagath Gunasekara Susan Ferris Hill Maine Coastal Program GreenHub — IUCN — Bhaya Group Theresa Torrent SURINAME Nguyen Thu Trang, Nguyen Bich Hien & S.C. Dept. of Health & Environmental Darius Postma Green Heritage Fund Suriname (GHFS) Control, Adopt-A-Beach Program MARYLAND Liz Hartje National Aquarium SWEDEN The Body Shop Vietnam Stephanie Mathias & Geri Schlenoff Clean Sweden Mr. Tu Bui TEXAS Anton Hedlund Texas General Land Office MASSACHUSETTS Reneé Tuggle US PARTNERS Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone TAIWAN Management Tse-Xin Oragnic Agriculture Foundation / VERMONT Robin Lacey Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation ALABAMA Rozalia Project for a Clean Ocean Jing-Juan Hsu & Ron Shih ADCNR State Lands Division Coastal Section Rachael Miller & Ashley Sullivan MICHIGAN Angela Underwood Alliance for the Great Lakes TANZANIA VIRGINIA Jillian Edwards & Tyrone Dobson Nipe Fagio Ltd. ALASKA Clean Virginia Waterways — Longwood Cathy Hadlow & Anton Fouquet Center for Alaskan Coastal Studies University MINNESOTA Henry Reiske Katie Register & Sandy Miller Alliance for the Great Lakes THAILAND Jillian Edwards & Tyrone Dobson Department of Marine and Coastal ARKANSAS WASHINGTON Resources Arkansas Department of Parks & Tourism Puget Soundkeeper Alliance MISSISSIPPI Suhaitai Prasankul & Niphon Phongsuwan Julie Lovett Kathryn Davis Mississippi Marine Debris Task Force Ed Cake, Cyndi Moncreiff & Eric Sparks Global Vision International CALIFORNIA Washington CoastSavers Katie Woodroffe California Coastal Commission Jon Schmidt NEBRASKA Eben Schwartz Keep Nebraska Beautiful TRINIDAD & TOBAGO WISCONSIN Jane Poleson Caribbean Network for Integrated Rural COLORADO Alliance for the Great Lakes Development Colorado Springs Utilities Todd Brennan & Tyrone Dobson Marissa Mohamed Allison Plute 23 INTERNATIONAL COASTAL CLEANUP

26 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ® MANAGING EDITOR TRASH FREE SEAS Jordana Merran PROGRAM Nicholas Mallos SCIENCE REVIEWERS Allison Schutes George Leonard, PhD Eric DesRoberts Chelsea Rochman, PhD Sarah Kollar DESIGN Tess Krasne Dever Designs Mathilde Badoud PRINTING Linemark PHOTO CREDITS Shine Gabienu Nigeria, Front Cover: Mexico, Inside Front Cover: Alejandra López de Román Page 2: Jihan Younis, Bureau of Environmental NorthernMarianaIslands, Florida,USA, Keep Palm Beach County and Coastal Quality; Hawaii,USA, Shine Gabienu; Nigeria, Beautiful; Keep the Hawaiian Islands Beautiful Watamu Marine Association; NewYork,USA, Hunter Page 3: Kenya, Newby; Ecuador, Santiago Diaz; HongKong, Lisa Christensen Jamaica, Page 4: Florida,USA, Apalachicola Riverkeeper; Jamaica Environment Trust; Vietnam, Centre for Marinelife Conservation and Community Development Page 5: Senegal, Kimberly Heinrichs; California,USA, Marios Savva; PuertoRico, Scuba Dogs Society Pages 6-7: SouthAfrica, Megan-Rose Francis, Two Oceans Aquarium Catherine Gemmell; Scotland, Tom Green; England, SEA Team; California,USA, Texas,USA, Ocean Conservancy/Clean Swell; Shafraz Naeem; Ocean Conservancy/Clean Swell; Maldives, Kenya, Pukka Travels; Norway, U.S. Embassy Nairobi; Emirates Marine Environmental Group; UnitedArabEmirates, Joy Asico Washington,D.C.,USA, Washington,D.C.,USA, Page 8: adapted from U.S.Capitolicon, Joy Asico; original created by MRFA, The Noun Project Malaysia, NewHampshire,USA, Page 9: Ocean Conservancy/Clean Swell; Ocean Conservancy/ Brunei, Ocean Conservancy/Clean Swell; Clean Swell Page 20: St.Helena, Nicholas Mallos California,USA, Lisa Ristuccia Page 21: Nigeria, Shine Gabienu Page 23: Centre for Supporting Green Development Vietnam, Page 24: OCEAN CONSERVANCY 24

27 VIETNAM

28 1300 19th Street, NW, 8th Floor Washington, DC 20036 With offices in Alaska and on the West, Gulf and East coasts. TOLL-FREE +1 800.519.1541 FOLLOW US www.oceanconservancy.org facebook.com/oceanconservancy twitter.com/ourocean instagram.com/oceanconservancy

Related documents

CDIR 2018 07 27

CDIR 2018 07 27

S. Pub. 115-7 2017-2018 Official Congressional Directory 115th Congress Convened January 3, 2017 JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING UNITED STATES CONGRESS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE WASHINGTO...

More info »
RIE Tenant List By Docket Number

RIE Tenant List By Docket Number

SCRIE TENANTS LIST ~ By Docket Number ~ Borough of Bronx SCRIE in the last year; it includes tenants that have a lease expiration date equal or who have received • This report displays information on ...

More info »
Software Design Specification

Software Design Specification

Software Design Specification Z-Wave Application Command Class Specification SDS13781 Document No.: Version: 11 The document describes the Z-Wave Command Classes and associated Commands Description: u...

More info »
efm32gg datasheet

efm32gg datasheet

EFM32 Giant Gecko Family EFM32GG Data Sheet The EFM32 Giant Gecko MCUs are the world’s most energy- KEY FEATURES friendly microcontrollers. • ARM Cortex-M3 at 48 MHz The EFM32GG offers unmatched perfo...

More info »
UL White Book

UL White Book

GUIDE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT THE WHITE BOOK 2015-16 UL PRODUCT CATEGORIES CORRELATED TO THE 2011 AND 2014 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE® UL’s General Guide Information is updated daily. To co...

More info »
13128

13128

This PDF is available from The National Academies Press at http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13128 The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better...

More info »
Nios® II Software Developer's Handbook

Nios® II Software Developer's Handbook

® Nios II Software Developer's Handbook ® ® Quartus Updated for Intel Prime Design Suite: 19.1 Subscribe NII-SDH | 2019.04.30 Send Feedback Latest document on the web: PDF | HTML

More info »
Building Soils For Better Crops

Building Soils For Better Crops

third EditiON Building SoilS FoR Building SoilS BetteR CRopS SuS tainable Soil ManageM ent SuStainable Soil ManageMent third EditiON FoR Bet teR CRopS “...it is our work with living soil that provides...

More info »
Microsoft Word   Annex 3 D. Product Specific Rules of Origin

Microsoft Word Annex 3 D. Product Specific Rules of Origin

ANNEX 3-D PRODUCT-SPECIFIC RULES OF ORIGIN Section A: General Interpretative Notes 1. ic rules of origin set out For the purposes of interpreting the product-specif in this Annex, the following defini...

More info »
dbi

dbi

REGISTERED DEPUTY BUILDING INSPECTORS LICENSE TYPE LICENSE NO. EXPIRE DATE DEPUTY BUILDING INSPECTOR P002118 ABBATOYE, CHRIS J. CASTAIC, CA 91384 (661) 312-9347 CONCRETE 09/01/2019 CONSTRUCTION 03/12/...

More info »
Building Financial Capability

Building Financial Capability

BUILDING FINANCIAL CAPABILITY A Planning Guide for Integrated Services Prepared by CFED under the ASSET Initiative Partnership for the Administration for Children and Families at the US Department of ...

More info »
2017 NAICS Manual

2017 NAICS Manual

ORTH N A MERICAN I NDUSTRY LASSIFICATION C YSTEM S United States, 2017 EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT AND BUDGET OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT

More info »
Combined Sandy MAT Report 508post

Combined Sandy MAT Report 508post

Mitigation Assessment Team Report Hurricane Sandy in New Jersey and New York Building Performance Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance FEMA P-942 / November 2013

More info »
Revitalizing Main Street

Revitalizing Main Street

A practitioner’s guide to comprehensive commercial district revitalization REVITALIZING MAIN STREET Main Streets are not just collections of old buildings, but the hearts of communities, distinct plac...

More info »
Small  and Medium Sized Commercial Building Monitoring and Controls Needs: A Scoping Study

Small and Medium Sized Commercial Building Monitoring and Controls Needs: A Scoping Study

PNNL -22169 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Contract DE -AC05- 76RL01830 under and Medium Small- -Sized Commercial Building Monitoring and Controls Needs: A Scoping Study S Katipamula MA Pi...

More info »
Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

MANAGING THE RISKS OF EXTREME EVENTS AND DISASTERS TO ADVANCE CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION SPECIAL REPORT OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE

More info »
OneNYC

OneNYC

One N e w Yo r k The Plan for a Strong and Just City The City of New York Mayor Bill de Blasio Anthony Shorris First Deputy Mayor

More info »
CHURCH HISTORY IN THE FULNESS OF TIMES Student Manual

CHURCH HISTORY IN THE FULNESS OF TIMES Student Manual

HURCH C ISTORY H HURCH C H ISTORY IN THE ULNESS F IN THE ULNESS F OF T IMES OF IMES T S tudent M anual S anual M tudent RELIGION 341 THROUGH 343

More info »
DoD7045.7H

DoD7045.7H

DoD 7045.7-H EPARTMENT OF D EFENSE D F UTURE Y EARS D EFENSE P ROGRAM (FYDP) S TRUCTURE Codes and Definitions for All DoD Components Office of the Director, Program Analysis and Evaluation A pril 2004

More info »
LawReferenceBook2018

LawReferenceBook2018

California Contractors License Law & Reference Book 2018 Edition With Rules and Regulations Contractors State License Board State of California Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Governor

More info »