AT703 All Steer Operators Manual

Transcript

1 PUBLICATION NO. OM4080 REV 02/06 R  r ALL STEER II OPERATOR’S MANUAL (U.S. PATENT NO. 5,417,299) FEATURING: LOW SPEED STEERING MODES WITH SPEED LIMITED MODE CONTROL OPTIONS INCLUDED: KEY SWITCH OSHKOSH TRUCK CORPORATION P.O. BOX 2566 OSHKOSH, WISCONSIN 54903 (920) 235--9150 ALL STEER  are trademarks of Oshkosh Truck Corporation; Oshkosh, Wisconsin. OSHKOSH  ,and , 

2 PUBLICATION NO. OM4080 REV 02/06

3 T ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL CAUTION This vehicle is equipped with an Oshkosh ALL STEER all-wheel steering system. r Compared to conventional front steer, the use of all--wheel steering significantly changes vehicle handling, particularly on a slippery road surface caused by rain, snow, or icy conditions. Always train on all-wheel steer to get used to its characteristics. Operating Instructions for ALL STEER r All-Wheel Steering System: The Oshkosh ALL STEER r all--wheel steering system is int ended to give your fire apparat us the maxim um amount of maneuverability possible. Maneuverability saves critical emergency response time when your fire apparatus confronts tight corners, narrow streets, parked cars, etc. The all--wheel contro l system is a com puter--based, electronic system. That technology ma kes possibl e the high maneuverability. Signal errors can occur if the electronic components, wires, or connectors aredamaged or contaminated by moisture. In that case, the system can m ative that the fire department st rictly adheres to the maintenance alfunction. It is imper r service manual. guidelines outlined in the ALL STEER heel steering system and to minimize the r isk to you and to the public, Pierce To maximize the utility of the all--w recommends the following: 1. When driving in normal traffic, when extra maneuverability is of little benefit, drive routinely in front mode. Front mode is conventional steering. 2. Drive in coordinated all steer mode only when you need the additional maneuverability, or the time saved by the system is critical esponding to an em ergency call. because you are r 3. Fireground and crab modes are, by their nature, limited to speeds less than 5 MPH and are intended for use at a fire scene. 4. Pay close attention to the maintenance requirements found in the service manual. Have components inspected and repaired as indicated. All--wheel steering is a tool. Use it only when you need it. Maximize your margin of safety. i

4 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL CAUTION Do not drive this vehicle in traffic in any ALL STEER r mode until you have thoroughly read this manual and had behind-the-wheel training from a trained and certified ALL STEER r all-wheel steering system vehicleoperator. Your operational training s hould takeplace onan emptyparking lot and, as a minimum consist of the following operations: Operator Training Check List: D Learn each of the Oshkosh ALL STEER r all-wheel steering system controls. D Practice 90 degree turns operating in front steer mode. Notice how the rear-end of the vehicle tracks inside of the front and possibly crosses over your traffic lane line toward the inside of a turn. D Practice 90 degree turns operating in coordinated steer mode. Notice how much tighter the turn can be made. Pay special attention to the rear-end of the vehicle. It will swing-out away from the turn and likely cross over your traffic lane line toward the outside of the turn. The sharper you turn, the greater the rear-end will swing-out. More clearance is needed between your vehicle and any adjacent objects to avoid hitting them due to rear-end swing. D Make lane change maneuvers at speeds up to 35 mph in both front steer and coordinated steer modes to learn the handling characteristic of the vehicle. D Turn the steering wheel right and left through progressively larger angles at speeds ranging from 1 to 10 mph, to establish a feel for the point at which the rear wheels actually start to turn. D Familiarize yourself with the low speed-coordinated and the low speed-crab steering modes. Experience how much sharper the vehicle turns in the low speed-coordinated mode. Experience how the vehicle moves diagonally, right or left, in low speed-crab mode. D Practice backing the vehicle in each of the available steering modes. D Return to the training area when rain or snow makes the pavement slippery, and practice several low speed, panic brake stops and sharp steering maneuvers in both front steer and coordinated steer modes. Learn the difference in how quickly the vehicle changes direction when recovering from a skid or when making a hard turn in the coordinated steer mode, compared to the way the vehicle handles while in the front steer mode. ii

5 T ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL FOREWORD 1. PURPOSE This publication provides the information needed to properly operate the Oshkosh ALL STEER r all-wheel steering system . Failure to follow the enclosed instructions and requirements could cause equipment failures or malfunctions that can result in death, serious bodily injury, or damage to property. Additionally, failure to follow these instructions will void the warranty provided to the OEM/Installer by Oshkosh Truck Corporation. If conditions arise that have not been described in this document, or you are uncertain about the operation or procedures and their possible affect on the vehicle, immediately contact the OEM/Installer or Oshkosh Truck Corporation. iii

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7 Table of Contents PAGE NO. 1 ... 1. INTRODUCTION ... 2 2. INSTRUMENT PANEL CONTROLS AND THEIR FUNCTION 2 ... 2.1 Steering Controls 2.1.1 Front Steer Mode 2 ... 2 ... 2.1.2 Coordinated Steer Mode 2.1.3 Fire Ground Steer Modes 2 ... 2 ... 2.1.4 LCD display 2.1.5 Display Operation 2 ... 2.1.6 Axle Status Screen 2 ... 3 2.1.7 Input/Output Screen ... 2.1.8 VIM Inputs ... 4 5 2.1.9 VIM Outputs ... 2.1.10 I/O Switches 5 ... 2.1.11 Miscellaneous Information 6 ... 7 ... 2.1.12 Front Axle Values 2.1.13 Axle 2 Values 7 ... 8 ... 2.1.14 Axle 3 Values 2.1.15 Scrolling To Previous Screens ... 8 2.1.16 Screen Adjustments 9 ... 2.1.17 Key Switch 9 ... 2.1.18 ALL STEER r 10 ... Calibration 10 3. CONTROL SYSTEM OPERATION ... 3.1 Deadband 10 ... 3.2 Switching Modes 10 ... 11 ... 3.3 Front Steer Mode Operation 3.4 Coordinated Steer Mode 11 ... 12 ... 3.5 Fire Ground-Coordinated and Fire Ground-Crab Steer Modes 4. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ... 13 4.1 Steering Mode Caution and Operator Caution Labels 14 ... 4.2 Rear-Swing Caution Label 14 ... 4.3 Rear Wheel Clearance Warning Label 14 ... 14 ... 4.4 Starting the Vehicle 4.5 Towing Caution ... 14 4.6 Front Towing 14 ... 4.7 Rear Towing 14 ... 5. SYSTEM ERROR ... 15 6. MANUAL CENTERING 18 ... 7. ELECTRONIC ALIGNMENT 19 ... 8. ON-SPOT r AUTOMATIC TIRE CHAINS 19 ...

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9 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL R OSHKOSH ALL STEER ALL-WHEEL STEERING SYSTEM OPERATION 1. INTRODUCTION eering system all-wheel st r The Oshkosh ALL STEER has several different steering modes for improved eering system The Oshkosh ALL STEER r all-wheel st maneuverability. The driver selects the desired mode consists of the following: on the go based on the driving conditions at hand. D The vehicle’s original front steering system Use the front steer mode for normal highway driving. D Driving, steerable rear axle(s) Use the coordinated steer mode for driving when more maneuverability is required at speeds up to 38 mph. D Rear axle hydraulic steering pump, steering Use the fire ground-coordinated and fire ground-crab cylinder(s) and hydraulic filter modes when maximum maneuverability is required at very low speeds (up to 10 mph for FG Coord, up to 6 D Various valves and sensors mph for FG Crab) when parking or positioning the D VIM (Vehicle Interface Module), r ALL STEER vehicle. Thefireground-coordinatedmode provides the translators, mode selector switches, and liquid sharpest turningpossibleandthefireground-crabmode crystal display allows the vehicle to move sideways in a diagonal manner. All of the ALL STEER operator controls are located in r the cab. Single Rear Axle Crab Mode Coordinated Front Mode Mode Right Right Right Tandem Rear Axle Crab Mode Front Mode Coordinated Left Mode Left Left Figure 1. Steering Mode--Single Rear and Tandem Rear Axles Page 1

10 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL coordinated steer mode. In the fire ground modes, the 2. INSTRUMENT PANEL CONTROLS AND deadband is smaller than it is in the normal coordinated THEIR FUNCTION steer mode, allowing the vehicle to turn even sharper, Read section 3 in this manual for a detailed seeFigure1. explanation of how the mode selector switches, When operating in fire ground-crab steer, the rear R liquid crystal display, and the ALL STEER control wheels turn proportionally in the same direction as the system work together before operating the front wheels to allow the vehicle to move sideways in a all-wheel steering system r Oshkosh ALL STEER diagonal manner, see Figure 1. installed on your vehicle. 2.1.4 LCD display control r 2.1 Steering Controls. The ALL STEER The new ALL STEER system will use a liquid crystal r system incl mode r udes a three-position ALL STEER display in place of the wheel position gauge. This switch for selecting between front, coordinated and fire display will provide the operator and technician with ground steer modes, see Figure 2. With the ALL more information than was available with the wheel STEER mode selector switch in the FIRE GROUND r position gauge. position, the fire ground two-position rocker switch allows selection between fire ground-coordinated or fire 2.1.5 Display Operation ground-crab steer modes, see Figure 2. 2.1.6 Axle Status Screen The axle status screen is the first screen that is system is powered displayed after the ALL STEER r CRAB up. This is the screen that will be used during operation of the ALL STEER r system. COORD COORD B FRONT FIRE A C D E Figure 2. Mode Selector Switches F 2.1.1 Front Steer Mode. When the ALL STEER r mode switch is placed in the FRONT STEER position the rear wheels arelocked inthe straight-aheadposition regardless of thefront wheel position. Infront steer,only thefront wheels steer whenthesteeringwheel is turned. 2.1.2 Coordinated Steer Mode. When the ALL R STEER mode selector switch is placed in the COORD G I H K J L STEER position, and the front wheels turn past the programmed deadband (see sections 3.1, 3.4, and Figure 3. Default Screen, System Shown In COORD Figure 23), the rear wheels turn proportionally in the MODE opposite direction of the front wheels toprovide atighter turning radius, see Figure 1. The coordinated steer The axle status screen displays the following mode has a maximum operating speed of 38 mph. information, see Figure 3: 2.1.3 Fire Ground Steer Modes. When the ALL A. Chassis Outline mode selector switch is placed in the FIRE STEER r The front of the chassis is towards the top of GROUND position, the operator can select either the screen. The wheels of the Chassis COORD STEER or CRAB STEER for maximum Outlineturninaccordancewiththewheels of maneuverability at speeds up to 10 mph for COORD the truck. If this were a single rear axle STEER and 6 mph for CRAB STEER. truck, the axle closest to the bottom of the When operating in fire ground-coordinated steer, the screen would be omitted. rear wheels turn proportionally in the opposite direction to the front wheels to allow a tighter turn than the normal Page 2

11 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL K. Screen Adjusting Pushbutton B. Axle Lock Status This pushbutton is used to update the These windows display the state of the display data. This pushbutton can only be mechanical lock pins. When the pins are in used to update data when viewing the Axle the raised position, the windows read Center screen. This pushbutton canalso be “UNLOCKED”, when the pins are seated in used to increase the screen back lighting in the tapered hole of the lock block the the screen--adjusting mode. windows read “LOCKED“. The upper window is the lock status for Axle 2 of a L. Screen Adjusting Pushbutton tandem truck or the rear axle of a single This pushbutton is used to decrease the axle truck. The lower window is for Axle 3 of screen backlighting in the screen--adjusting atandem axletruck. If this werea singlerear mode. axle truck the lower window would be omitted. C. Requested Mode 2.1.7 Input/Output Screen This displays themodethat theoperator has The Input/Output screen is the second of the three selected with either the three or the two screens available on the new display. This screen position mode switch. shows the state of the input and output circuits from the VIM (Vehicle Interface Module) and I/O (Inpu t/Output) D. Current Mode module. This screen will be useful to the technician for This displays the steering mode that the troubleshooting. This screen does not need to be used system is actua lly operating in. r for normal ALL STEER operation. E. Previous Mode This displays the steering mode that the go back to, when the vehicle system will slows down from an overspeed condition. F. Error Code This displays the error code number. G. Message Box This displays special messages to the operator such as what conditions must be satisfied to change a requested mode to a current mode, error code details, and calibration instructions. H. Enter/Exit Pushbutton This is the only pushbutton on the display Figure 4. Arrow Shows Pushbutton Used To Access that is blue in color. This pushbutton is used I/O Screen for entering and exiting the screen adjusting mode. To access the Input/Output scr een, press the fourth I. Screen Adjusting Pushbutton pushbutton from the left indicated by the arrow in This pushbutton is used to move forward to Figure 4. After pressing the pushbutton, 5 boxes een. This pushbutton is the Input/Output scr emerge from the bottom of the screen. The fourth also used to increase contrast in the pushbutton from the left has a box above it that is labled screen--adjusting mode. “NEXT”. Press the fourth pushbutton again. The Input/Output screen will be shown on the display. J. Screen Adjusting Pushbutton This pushbutton is used to move back to the Input/Output screen or the Axle Status screen. This pushbutton is also used for decreasing contrast in the screen--adjusting mode. Page 3

12 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL D. Lock 2 Feedback Input 2.1.8 VIM Inputs This input will read “OFF” when the lock pin on the forward rear axle of a tandem rear axle truck, or the rear axle of a single rear axle truck, is up, or outside the range of the A lock proximity switch. E. Lock 3 Feedback Input This input will read “OFF” when the lock pin B on the rear most axle of a tandem rear axle truck is up or outside the range of the lock proximity switch. This input wil read “ON” C when the lock pin is fully seated in the D tapered hole or within the range of the lock proximity switch. This input will be omitted on single rear axle trucks. E Steering V alves The four steering valve outputs display a “Ø” when the valve is off or not steering, and will display a number when the valve is steering. The low number will vary dependingonthelearnedthresholdfor that valvebut itis Figure 5. I/O Screen Showing VIM Inputs usually between 350 and 550 for a tandem aerial fire truck. The number will increase as the hydraulic effort required to make a turn increases. The number t/Output screen The VIM Input section of the Inpu displayed at each valve will change rapidly and the displays the following information, see Figure 5: number could be potentially difficult to read. This A. Hydraulic Filter Input condition is normal. The number is only used as an This input is from the differential pressure indicator that the valve is on. When a number is switch on the high--pressure filter located displayed, this means voltage is being sent to the valve. between the ALL STEER hydraulic pump r The coil is energized, shifting the spool in the valve, hydraulic manifold. r and the ALL STEER causing the rear axle to turn. This input is on when the hydraulic filter is When making a right turn in Coordinated Mode, the left clean and oil is flowing freely. This input is steering valve(s) turn on, here is why: The left side of off when the fliter is plugged and oil flow is thevehicleis thedrivers sideof thevehicle,therightside restricted, or there is a break in continuity is thepassengers side. Theoperator makes a right turn. between the filter switch and the VIM. The operator has selected Coordinated Mode, and B. Calibrate Switch Input expects the truck to turn with a reduced turning radius. The front half of the front wheels of the truck turn to the This input will normally read “OFF”. When right as always. The rear wheels must turn in the the calibration switch is actuated the input opposite direction of the front wheels to reduce the will change to “ON”. turning radius; therefore, the left steering valve(s) turn C. Alarm Feedback Input on, and the front of the rear wheels turn to the left. This input will read “OFF” when the crab A. Axle 2 Left Valve alarm is off. This input will read “ON” when This output is for theleft valveontheforward the crab alarm is sounding. rear axle of a tandem rear axle truck or the The VIM Output section of the Input/Output screen rear axle of a single rear axle truck. This displays the following information, see Figure 6: output reads “Ø” when thevalve is turned off and reads a number when the valve is on. Page 4

13 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL F. Tire Chain Power 2.1.9 VIM Outputs This is the 12--volt output that engages the automatic tire chains. This output is “ON” whenthetirechains are engagedand “OFF” when the tire chains are disengaged. G. Alarm Power C This is the 12--volt output to the crab alarm. A This output is “ON” whenthecrabalarm ison B D and is “OFF” when the crab alarm is off. F G 2.1.10 I/O Switches E C F G Figure 6. I/O Screen Showing VIM Outputs A B B. Axle 2 Right Valve D E This output is for the right valve on the forward rear axle of atandem rear axle truck or the rear axle of a single rear axle truck. This output reads “Ø” when the valve is turned off and reads a number when the valve is on. C.Axle 3 Left Valve Figure 7. I/O Screen Showing I/O Switches This output is for the left valve on the rear most axle of a tandem rear axle truck This This section reads the switch states. These switches output reads “Ø” when thevalve is turned off odule located are connected to the Inpu t/Output M and reads a number when the valve is on. inside the cab, see Figure 7. This output will beomittedonsingle rear axle trucks. A. Coord Switch D. Axle 3 Right Valve This input reads theCoordinated modeinput This output is for the right valve on the rear on the three--position mode switch. This most axle of a tandem rear axle truck This input reads “ON” when the Coordinated output reads “Ø” when thevalve is turned off Mode has been selected and reads “OFF” and reads a number when the valve is on. when any other mode has been selected. This output will beomittedonsingle rear axle trucks. B. Front Switch Other VIM Outputs This input reads the Front mode input on the three--position mode switch. This input E. Axle Lock Power reads “ON” when the Front Mode has been This is the 12--volt output to the electric over selected. This input reads “OFF” when any air lock valve(s). This output reads “ON” other mode has been selected. when the locks are unlocked and “OFF” when they are locked. Page 5

14 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL axle. These numbers vary from left to right and axle to C. Crab Switch axle but usually are between 350 and 550 for a tandem This input reads the Crab Mode input on the aerial ladder fire truck. These numbers do not change two--position mode switch. This input reads during normal operat system is recalibrated or ion. If the “ON” when Fireground on the three--position relearned it is likely these numbers will be different after switch and Crab on the two--position switch thesenumbersdo beencompleted. If thesecycles have has been selected. This input reads “OFF” not change after the Calibration or Learn Cycle, access when any other mode has been selected. the axle center screen and press the white pushbutton D. Coordinated Fireground Switch below the box labeled “DATA” and scroll back to the I/O This input reads the CoordinatedFireground screen. input onthe two--positionmode switch. This B. Axle 2 Left Threshold input reads “ON” when Fireground on the This represents the threshold number of the two--position mode switch and Coordinated left valve for the forward rear axle of a onthe three--positionmode switchhas been tandem or a single rear axle truck. selected. This input reads “OFF” when any C. Axle 2 Right Threshold other mode has been selected. This represents the threshold number of the E. Tire Chains Switch right valve for the forward rear axle of a This input reads the automatic tire chains tandem or a single rear axle truck. switchinput. This input reads “ON” whenthe D. Axle 3 Left Threshold tire chain switch is on and “OFF” when the tire chain switch is off. This represents the threshold number of the left valve for the rear most axle of a tandem 2.1.11 Miscellaneous Information (See Figure 8) axle truck. This threshold will be omitted if this is a single rear axle truck. E. Axle 3 Right Threshold This represents the threshold number of the right valvefor therear most axle of a tandem axle truck. This threshold will be omitted if this is a single rear axle truck. Encoder Value Screen A B C D E Figure 8. I/O Screen Showing Software Rev And Thresholds A. Software Revision This number is the software revision level of Figure 9. Arrow Shows Pushbutton Used To Access the ALL STEER r system. the first Encoder Value Screen 3 digits are VIM software revision; the last 2 digits are display software revision. The encoder value screen is the third of the three Valve Thresholds screens available on the new display. This screen Valve Threshold numbers are set up during the shows the calibrated center positions, full cramp calibration and learn cycle. These numbers represent positions, real time encoder values, and calibrated the minimum electrical signal required to turn the rear deadband values of each axle. This screen will be Page 6

15 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL This number represents the encoders useful tothe technicianfor troubleshooting. This screen calibrated center position. does not need to be used for normal ALL STEER r operation. F. Front Axle Encoder Position To access the encoder value screen, press the fourth This number represents the actual encoder pushbutton from the left indicated by the arrow in position. This number will continually Figure 9. After pressing the pushbutton, 5 boxes change as the steering wheel is turned. emerge from the bottom of the screen. The fourth 2.1.13 Axle 2 Values (see Figure 11) pushbutton from the right has a box above it that is labeled “NEXT”. Press the fourth pushbutton from the left twice. The encoder value screen will be shown on the display. 2.1.12 Front Axle Values (see Figure 10) B A B C D A E F D C Figure 11. Encoder Value Screen Showing Axle 2 Information Figure 10. Encoder Value Screen Showing Front Axle Information Axle 2 is defined as the forward rear axle on a tandem rear axle truck, or the rear axle on a single rear axle A. #1 Left Turn Stop truck. Inthis sectionaleft turnof therearwheels iswhen This number represents the calibrated left the front of the tires turn left. The left valve turns on turnfull crampencoder value. Theactualleft when making a right turn in Coordinated mode. turnencoder valuecould begreater thanthis A. #6 Left Turn Cramp Angle value. This number represents the left turn full B. #2 Left Turn Deadband cramp encoder value. This number represents the left turn B. #8 Right Turn Cramp Angle deadband. When the encoder position This number represents the right turn full number is greater than this value the rear cramp encoder value. axles will begin to turn. C. #7 Axle 2 Calibrated Center C. #4 Right Turn Deadband This number represents the encoders This number represents the right turn calibrated center position value. deadband. When the encoder position number is less than this value the rear axles D. Axle 2 Encoder Position will begin to turn. This number represents the actual encoder D. #5 Right Turn Stop position. This number will continually change as the rear axle turns. This number represents the calibrated right turn full cramp encoder value. The actual right turn encoder value could be greater than this value. E. #3 Front Axle Calibrated Center Page 7

16 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL 2.1.15 Scrolling To Previous Screens (see 2.1.14 Axle 3 Values (see Figure 12) Figure 13) B A D C Figure 12. Encoder Value Screen Showing Axle 3 Information Figure 13. Encoder Value Screen. Arrow Points To The Pushbutton Used To Scroll Backwards Axle 3 is defined as the rear most axle on a tandem rear To scroll backward to the I/O screen press the white axle truck. In this section a left turn of the rear wheels is pushbutton below the box labeled “BACK”. when the front of the tires turn left. The left valve turns on when making a right turn in Coordinated mode. Axle 3 values will be omitted if this is a single rear axle truck. A. #9 Left Turn Cramp Angle This number represents the left turn full cramp encoder value. B. #11 Right Turn Cramp Angle This number represents the right turn full cramp encoder value. C. #10 Axle 3 Calibrated Center This number represents the encoders calibrated center position value. D. Axle 3 Encoder Position This number represents the actual encoder position. This number will continually change as the rear axle turns. Figure 14. I/O Screen. Arrow Points To The Pushbutton Used To Scroll Backwards To scroll backward to the Axle Status screen press the white pushbutton below the box labeled “BACK”. Page 8

17 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL pushbuttons is pressed the following screen will be 2.1.16 Screen Adjustments (see Figure 15) displayed, see Figure 17: Figure 15. Axle Status Screen Indicating The Pushbutton Used To Access Screen Adjustments Figure 17. Lighting Adjustments Contrast and lighting may be adjusted to aid in reading To increase lighting, press the white pushbutton below the display. The screen will retain the adjusted settings the plus sign in the lighting box. To decrease lighting, until it is powered down. When the display is repowered press the white pushbutton below the minus sign in the it will revert to the default settings. lighting box. To access screen adjustments, press the blue To exit the Screen Adjustment Features press the blue pushbutton, see Figure 16. The following screen will be pushbutton below the “EXIT” box. displayed: A key switch option has been 2.1.17 Key Switch. provided to allow the system to be powered down, see Figure 18. Figure 18. Key Switch R To activate ALL STEER : (1) Insert the key into the key switch and turn the key clockwise to activate. The key may be removed to prevent unauthorized de--activation of ALL STEER . r Figure 16. Display With Contrast Adjust Feature : r To deactivate ALL STEER To increase contrast, press the white pushbutton below (1) Place the ALL STEER mode switch in the the plus sign in the contrast box. To decrease contrast, FRONT STEER position. press the white pushbutton below the minus sign in the (2) Steer the vehicle into the straight ahead contrast box. position to ensure that the rear wheels are Toadjust thelightingpress either of the twopushbuttons locked in the straight ahead position. below the lighting box. When either of these two Page 9

18 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL , make all steering angle r When using ALL STEER (3) Verify that LOCKED appears on the LCD corrections slowly to avoid over-steering, loss of display. control, and roll-over. (4) Insert thekey intothelock switchandturnthe all-wheel steering r If your Oshkosh ALL STEER key counter--clockwise to deactivate. system does not operate as described in the (5) Remove the key. following sections, straighten the rear wheels, deactivate the system, drive only in the front steer mode and contact your authorized Pierce dealer. NOTE When ALL STEER is deactivated: 3.1 Deadband. The deadband is the number of degrees you must turn the front wheels, right or left, The system is powered down. D before the rear wheels also turn. The angle of rear axle D The rear axle(s) remain in whatever position it was wheel turn is always proportional to the number of (they were) in when the system was powered down. degrees that you steer the front wheels beyond the programmed deadband for any given speed. D The controller is inactive and does not check for errors or axle misalignment. 3.2 Switching Modes Themodeswitches can bemoved at any time; however, D The vehicle drives as if it is not equipped with ALL the mode changes will not become effective until the STEER all wheel steering system. front axle crosses through center. This means that first the new mode must be selected and then the front axle 2.1.18 ALL STEER r The ALL Calibration. must be steered through its center position to become STEER r calibration switch is used during calibration effective. procedures and for error code retrieval, see Figure 19. e mode change. Lets run through a simpl The system In most applications, a push-button style calibration has been started and is currently in front mode. Notice switch is used. REQU MODE (Requested Mode), CURR MODE (Current Mode), PREV MODE (Previous Mode) all show FRONT, see Figure 20. Axle Status Figure 19. Calibration Switch REQU FRONT LOCKED MODE: 3. CONTROL SYSTEM OPERATION CURR FRONT MODE: all-wheel steering control r The Oshkosh ALL STEER PREV LOCKED system has automatic features that simplify the FRONT MODE: operation of your vehicle and reduce the risk of ERROR 0 CODE: unintended over-steering. If you have the key switch option, turn the switch to the on position to activate ALL STEER . r Although ALL STEER aids in maneuverability, r YOU are in control of the system. You must decide which mode you want to drive in. You must make appropriate judgements and decisions in light of traffic, road conditions, the amount of space available to turn, the presence of people, vehicles, Figure 20. FRONT Mode or other objects, and where you wish to drive. modes only when added r Drive using ALL STEER Actuate the three position mode switch to put the ecessary. maneuverability is n system into C oordinated Mode. See how the CURR MODE is still FRONT. The REQU MODE has changed to COORD. There is also a message at the bottom of Page 10

19 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL the screen to advise the operator, “waiting for front to NOTE cross center”, see Figure 21. r Although the ALL STEER controller changes steering modes and deadband as the vehicle speed varies, the driver always controls the vehicle’s direction through the Axle Status steering wheel. 3.3 Front Steer Mode Operation. In the front steer REQU COORD LOCKED MODE: mode the vehicle drives as if it is not equipped with the CURR FRONT Oshkosh ALL STEER r all-wheel steering system. In MODE: the front steer mode the rear wheels are mechanically PREV LOCKED COORD MODE: locked in the straight-ahead position at all vehicle ERROR 0 speeds, and in any front wheel position. You can switch CODE: to the front steer mode at any time. waiting for front to cross center To operate in the front steer mode, place the ALL r mode switch in the FRONT STEER position, STEER see Figure 2. This causes the FRONT to be the Requested Mode. After moving the selector switch, the front wheels must be returned to their straight-ahead r controller completes position before the ALL STEER the mode change, makes Front the current mode, and allows the rear axle lock to engage. Figure 21. Mode Switch Has Been Actuated But Front Axle Has Not Crossed Center 3.4 Coordinated Steer Mode. To operate in the coordinated steer mode, place the three position ALL The operator has now crossed center. REQU, CURR, STEER mode switch in the COORD STEER position, r and PREV modes have all changed to COORD, and the seeFigure2. mechanical locks have unlocked, see Figure 22. You may select the coordinated steer mode with the vehicle moving or stopped, and make the change from either the front steer or the fire ground modes. After moving the selector switch, you must steer the front wheels to their straight-ahead position before the ALL r STEER controller completes the mode change. Axle Status Since the axle lock is unlocked, the rear axle steers when it receives a steering command from the ALL REQU COORD UNLOCKED MODE: controller. The amount of rear steering r STEER CURR COORD MODE: allowed depends on the front axle wheel position, the PREV UNLOCKED COORD speed of the vehicle, and the deadband. Figure 23 MODE: shows how the deadband varies with vehicle speed ERROR 0 CODE: from0to38mph. The deadband and speed relationship from 0 to 10 mph are programmed to minimize the amount of rear-end-swing when making a sharp 90 degree turn. From 0 to 2 mph the deadband is at its maximum and the rear axle will not steer. From 2 to 10 mph the deadband decreases to  7 degrees. From 10 to 20  7degrees. Oncevehicle mphthedeadbandis fixedat Figure 22. The Mode Change To COORD Is speed reaches 20 mph, the deadband progressively Complete increases as the speed increases to reduce the possibility of making too sharp a turn. When the vehicle speed reaches 38 mph the rear axle does not steer. When vehiclespeed exceeds 38 mph, the ALLSTEER r controller automatically switches to the front steer mode. At this time, FRONT becomestheCurrentMode. COORD is the Requested and Previous Mode. The Page 11

20 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL (4) To switch into the Fire Ground-Coordinated mechanical lock window(s) will read LOCKED. This Mode, move the the two--position mode indicates that the mechanical lock on the rear axle(s) switch to the Coordinated position. FG has locked. COORD should be listed as the requested When the vehicle slows down to a speed less than mode. A messageshouldbedisplayedat the controller automatically 38 mph, the ALL STEER r bottom of the display that says, “Waiting for switches back to the coordinated steer mode. The rear front to cross center”. Cross center with the axleunlocks andtherear axleis abletosteer again. The front wheels. The “Waiting for front to cross deadband depicted in Figure 23 also applies as vehicle center” message should go away. FG speed is reduced from 38 mph down to 0 mph. COORD should be listed as the Requested, 3.5 Fire Ground-Coordinated and Fire Current and Previous modes. The fire Ground-Crab Steer Modes. ground-coordinated and fire ground-crab steering You are now ready to position the vehicle modes are available for low speed situations requiring while operating at speeds up to 10 mph. If maximum maneuverability. The fire you operate in the Fire Ground Coordinated ground-coordinatedmodeprovides thesharpestturning mode, you will be able to turn a tighter circle possible and the fire ground-crab mode allows the than is possible in the normal Coordinated vehicle to move sideways in a diagonal manner. The Steer Mode. r ALL STEER controller restricts the use of low speed steering modes to speeds ranging from 0 to 10 mph for If you are in a turn and the speed goes above Fireground, Coordinated, and 0 to 6 mph for Fireground 10 mph, you will be able to complete the turn Crab modes. The deadband is fixed at  3 degrees for without a steering mode change. However,  the fire ground-coordinated mode, and 1 degree for as you steer back to the straight--ahead the fire ground-crab mode. r controller position, the ALL STEER automatically switches to the Front steer To operate in one of the fire ground modes, perform the mode. The Current mode will be listed as following: FRONT. FG COORD will be listed as the (1) STOP THE VEHICLE. Requested and Previous modes. The following message will be displayed at the mode r (2) Place the three position ALL STEER bottom of the display “wait for front to cross selector switch in the FIRE GROUND center and speed <10. position, see Figure 2. As soon as you have selected fire ground mode, an audible alarm To reactivate Fire Ground Coordinated begins to cycl e on-and-off signaling that the mode, slow down to less than 10 mph and fire ground mode has been selected. cross center with the front wheels. FG Never tamper with the audible alarm! If COORD will now be displayed as the you attempt to remove the alarm from the Requested, Current and Previous modes. circuit, the ALL STEER r controller will not be able to enter the fire ground mode, (5) To switch into the Fire Ground Crab Mode, ayed. and an 11 error code will be displ move the two--position mode switch to the Fireground Coordinated or Fireground Crab Crab position. CRAB should be listed as the will show as the requested and Previous requested mode. A message should be Mode. “Waitingfor front to cross center” will be displayed at the bottom of the display that displayed in the message box of the liquid says “Waiting for front to cross center”. crystal display. Cross center with the front wheels. The “Waiting for front to cross center” message (3) Check the fire ground mode selector switch should go away. CRAB should be listed as or display to determine whether the ALL R the Requested, Current and Previous STEER system is in fire ground COORD modes.. STEER, or fire ground CRAB STEER, see Figure 2. Since there is no neutral position, You are now ready to position the vehicle one of these two settings is active when the while operating at speeds up to 6 mph. If you r ALL STEER mode switch is in the FIRE operate in the Fire Ground Crab mode, the GROUND position. If you need to change vehicle will move in a diagonal sideways fire ground modes, move the fire ground motion. mode switch, see Figure 2. The mode that is being requested is what is shown as If you are in a turn and the speed goes above Requested Mode on the display. Page 12

21 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL with the front wheels. CRAB will now be 6 mph, you will be able to complete the turn displayed as the Requested, Current and without a steering mode change. However, Previous Modes. as you steer back to the straight--ahead position, the ALL STEER r controller Notice that the audible alarm continues automatically switches to the Front steer to cycle on-and-off until the ALL STEER r mode. The Current mode will be listed as mode change is complete. FRONT. CRAB will be listed as the (6) To switch out of Fire Ground steer mode, Requested and Previous modes. The return the three position ALL STEER mode r following message will be displayed at the switch (see Figure 2) to either FRONT bottom of the display: “wait to cross center STEER or COORD STEER. You must also and speed <6.” steer the front wheels to their straight-ahead position before the ALL STEER controller r To reactivate Fire Ground Coordinated, slow completes the mode change. down to less than 6 mph and cross center Deadband Figure 23. 4. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS R The ALL STEER r product safety labeling is important. Do not remove any of these labels. Replace any labels that become damaged or loose. Order replacement labels thr ough your dealer or service center. OneALLSTEER r product label is mountednext toeach driver entry door on your vehicle, see Figure 24. The purpose of these labels is to alert the driver that the vehicle is equipped with a unique all-wheel steering system. R Product Label Figure 24. ALL STEER Page 13

22 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL steer modes. Rear-swing will be greatest in the low 4.1 Steering ModeCaution and OperatorCaution speed mode . The small Steering Mode caution label is Labels. located next to the ALL STEER mode selector switch, r 4.3 Rear Wheel Clearance Warning Label. The see Figure 25. The Operator Caution label is located Rear Wheel Clearance warning label is located on the near the driver’s seat, see Figure 26. Follow the vehicle body next to the rear wheels, see Figure 28. instructions on these labels and in this manual r before operating this vehicle in any ALL STEER WARNING mode. body between the Never place your  wheel and other objects when the engineis running or when someone is steering the vehicle, because the rear wheels can crush you. Refer to the ALL STEER r service manual for Figure 25. Steering Mode Caution Label proper service instructions. Figure 28. Wheel Warning Label 4.4 Starting the Vehicle. This manual explains the r all-wheel operation of only the Oshkosh ALL STEER steering system installed on your vehicle. Read your vehicle manufacturer’s Operator’s Manual for all other Figure 26. Operator Caution Label operating instructions before starting and driving your vehicle. 4.2 Rear-Swing Caution Label. A Rear Swing CAUTION caution label is mounted at the bottom of each outside, rear view mirror, see Figure 27. These labels are r will not function ALL STEER mounted on the mirrors to remind you of the rear-swing properly until vehicle system air that occurs when cornering. pressure is above 85 psi because ease. the rear axle lock will not rel Vehicle damage can occur if 4.5 Towing Caution.  Obtain factory you tow with incorrect equipment. authorized towing instructions from your vehicle r supplier before towing in any ALL STEER mode. Figure 27. Rear Swing Caution Label Follow the instructions provided by the vehicle The rear corners of any vehicle designed with a long manufacturer. body overhang behind the rear axle swing-out when ALL STEER r equipped 4.6 Front Towing. turning sharply, even when operating in the front steer vehicles may not be towed from the front. mode. Toreduce therisk of a sidecollision whenturning at intersections in traffic, always shift to the inside of 4.7 Rear Towing. Follow the instructions provided your lane. If youareturningright,start yourturnfromthe by the vehicle manufacturer. right side of your lane. If you are turning left, start your turn from the left side of your lane. Never start a turn unless you have adequate clearance to the outside of your turn when operating in both the coordinated steer and fire ground—coordinated Page 14

23 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL system develops an error during r If the ALL STEER 5. SYSTEM ERROR vehicle operation perform the following steps. In the event an error code is displayed (see Table 1) all-wheel r while operating the Oshkosh ALL STEER (1) Shut the vehicle down. em responds based on the steering system, the syst (2) Restart the vehicle and check the operation type of the error code. system. If aftershutting r of theALLSTEER If a critical error code occurs, the entire screen will flash down and restarting the vehicle the ALL “Warning--ALLSteer Disabled”. If a minor error code r STEER heels are still in the system rear w occurs, the entire screen will flash “Warning--ALLSteer position they were when the error occurred, GoingIntoFront Mode”. The operator is ableto readthe perform the Manual Centering procedure or error code and return to a full suite of screens to aid in consult thevehicle’s ServiceManual for error trouble--shooting by pushing the Enter/Exit (far code retrieval. right/blue) button on the LCD display. Table 1. ERROR CODE CHART. ERROR CAUSE OF CODE SYSTEM RESPONSE CODE 0 No errors currently on system (clear screen) Bad CRC from EPROM System locks axles in position, then shuts down. 10 11 Fireground alarm feedback missing When error code is active , system will not enter Fire- ground or Crab mode. 12 No mode switches selected System returns to Front mode once axle is within 7 degress of center. 13 More than one mode switch selected System recenters rear axle(s) automatically, then shuts down. 14 System locks axles in position, then shuts down. # Axles and translators mismatched 15 Wheel base is not within range System locks axles in position, then shuts down. 16 Truck ID invalid System locks axles in position, then shuts down. Encoder 1 out of range System locks axles in position, then shuts down. 17 Encoder 2 out of range 18 System locks axles in position, then shuts down. Encoder 3 out of range System locks axles in position, then shuts down. 19 Axle2movedtoomuchwithpwm System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be 22 re--centered by operator, then shuts down. OFF 23 Axle3movedtoomuchwithpwm System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. OFF 24 Axle 1 value outside cal’d range System recenters rear axle(s) automatically, then shuts down. 25 Axle 2 value outside cal’d range System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. 26 Axle 3 value outside cal’d range System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. Axle 1 encoder moved too fast System recenters rear axle(s) automatically, then 27 shuts down. 28 Axle 2 encoder moved too fast System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. 29 Axle 3 encoder moved too fast System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. Page 15

24 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL ERROR SYSTEM RESPONSE CAUSE OF CODE CODE 31 Speed message not received System returns to Front mode once axle is within 7 degress of center (Front & Coordinated mode), 3 degrees from center (Coordinated Fireground mode), or 1 degree from center (Crab mode). Display message not received Maintenance code -- 32 action. no system 33 I/O module message not received System returns to Front mode once axle is within 7 degress of center. 34 Axle2lockstuck Maintenance code -- no system action. 35 Axle3lockstuck Maintenance code -- no system action. 36 no system action. Maintenance code -- Both locks stuck 41 Axle 1 translator message not System recenters rear axle(s) automatically, then shuts down. received Axle 2 translator message not 42 System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. received Encoder inop during axle 2 System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be 44 re--centered by operator, then shuts down. right output 45 Encoder inop during axle 2 System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. left output 46 Encoder inop during axle 3 System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. right output 47 Encoder inop during axle 3 System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. left output 48 Axle 1 encoder disconnected System recenters rear axle(s) automatically, then shuts down. 49 Axle 2 encoder disconnected System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. 50 Axle 3 encoder disconnected System locks bad axle, allows other axle to be re--centered by operator, then shuts down. Axle 3 right exceeded 80% range Code only possible during system calibration. 51 52 Axle 3 left exceeded 80% range Code only possible during system calibration. 53 Axle 2 right exceeded 80% range Code only possible during system calibration. 54 Axle 2 left exceeded 80% range Code only possible during system calibration. 61 System recenters rear axle(s) automatically, then Error in calculating turn direction shuts down. System recenters rear axle(s) automatically, then Error in mode selection 62 shuts down. 63 DividebyzeroinCoordmode System recenters rear axle(s) automatically, then shuts down. Hydraulic filter is clogged Maintenance code -- 64 action. no system 65 Battery voltage is low Maintenance code -- no system action. 72 OUTPUT 1--Axle2 leftshort tobattery Maintenance code -- no system action. action. 73 Axle 2 left open load Maintenance code -- no system Page 16

25 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL ERROR CAUSE OF CODE SYSTEM RESPONSE CODE 76 action. Maintenance code -- no system OUTPUT 2--Axle 2 right short to battery 77 OUTPUT 2--Axle 2 right open load Maintenance code -- no system action. 80 Maintenance code -- no system action. OUTPUT 3--Axle3 leftshort tobattery 81 OUTPUT 3--Axle 3 left open load Maintenance code -- no system action. 84 OUTPUT 4--Axle 3 right short to action. Maintenance code -- no system battery 85 no system action. Maintenance code -- OUTPUT 4--Axle 3 right open load 88 OUTPUT 5--Lock valve short to Maintenance code -- no system action. battery 89 OUTPUT 5--Lock valve has openload Maintenance code -- no system action. 128 OUTPUT 15--Tire chain short to Maintenance code -- no system action. battery action. 129 OUTPUT 15--Tire chain has open no system Maintenance code -- load Page 17

26 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL 6. MANUAL CENTERING 2 3 If the rear wheels are not in the straight-ahead position, 1 perform the following steps to manually center the wheels before proceeding to an authorized service 4 center. (1) Before leaving the vehicle: (a) Move the vehicle to the side of the road and stop. (b) Set the parking brake and place the transmission shift control in neutral. 1. Button Leave the engine running to provide 2. Valve 3. Button hydraulic pressure to the steering 4. Valve body system. Figure 29. Hydraulic Manifold Assembly r (c) Place the three position ALL STEER mode selector switch in the FRONT CAUTION MODE position, see Figure 2. Damage to the lock will occur if you (d) Turn the vehicle’s 4-way emergency try to rotate the wheels past center flashers on. with the lock engaged (Refer to step 3). (e) Display reflective triangles or flares as required by local road regulations. (3) Press and hold one of the black buttons until the wheels are in their straight-ahead WARNING position. If the wheels move in the wrong direction, press the other button. When the Never place your body between the wheels are centered, the mechanical lock wheel and other objects when the automatically engages andthewheels lockin engineis running or when someone their straight-ahead position. is steering the vehicle, because the rear wheels can crush you. Refer to (4) On tandem rear axle vehicles, two hydraulic the ALL STEER service manual for r manifold assemblies exist, onefor eachaxle. proper service instructions. There is a hydraulic proportional valve for each. To set the second of the two axles, (2) Locate the ALL STEER r hydraulic manifold follow steps 1--3 above. assembly, see Figure 29; located near the rear axle(s). On tandem axle vehicles, each (5) Only operate the vehicle in the front steer axle has a hydraulic manifold assembly. A mode and proceed to an authorized service hydraulic proportional valve with a black center for further assistance. button on each end is mounted to this assembly. Usethe black buttons tomanually center the rear wheels. When you press one of the buttons at a time, the rear axle steers. Page 18

27 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL 7. ELECTRONIC ALIGNMENT If for any reason the rear axle is out of alignment contact the nearest authorized Pierce Dealer.  8. ON-SPOT AUTOMATIC TIRE CHAINS (OPTIONAL) On-Spot r automatic tire chains may beinstalled onyour ALL STEER axle. r NOTE The tire chains will only be operational when the AWS KEY SWITCH is in the ON position and the mode switch is in the FRONT mode. Automatic tire chains may only be used in Front mode. To raise or lower chains: (1) Place mode switch in the front mode. (2) If front wheels are turned, center front wheels. (3) When the lock windows display LOCKED the chains can be activated. NOTE If your vehicle is not equipped r tire chains, this with On-Spot option can be added to your vehicle, as tire chain circuits are already included in the ALL STEER axle. A special wire r harness and switch is required to provide an interface between the ALL STEER r and On-Spot r systems. The harness and switch are available from your local dealer. Page 19

28 R ALL STEER OPERATOR’S MANUAL THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Page 20

29 PUBLICATION NO. OM4080 02/06

30 PUBLICATION NO. OM4080 02/06 ALL STEER R , OSHKOSH  ,and are trademarks of Oshkosh Truck Corporation; Oshkosh, Wisconsin. 

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