Agricultural Prices 04/30/2019

Transcript

1 Agricultural Prices 4216 1937 ISSN: - Released April 30, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States of Department Agriculture (USDA). Percent March Prices Received Index Up 2.8 percent from February 2019. At 85.7, The March Prices Received Index (Agricultural Production), at 91.9, increased 2.8 percent. The Livestock Produc percent. the Crop Production Index increased 2.1 tion Index, at 97.5, increased 3.0 Producers received higher prices for lettuce, cattle, milk, and broilers but lower prices for market eggs, grapefruit, perce nt. The Crop Production peanuts, and wheat. Compared with a year earlier, the Prices Received Index is down 3.4 percent and the Livestock Production Index decreased 2.2 percent. The indexes are calculated using Index decreased 2.6 commodity prices and volumes of commodities that producers market. Increased monthly movement of strawberries, ca ttle, milk, and calves offset the decreased marketing of cotton, apples, greenhouse & nursery, and soybeans. The Food percent from the previous month but decreased 2.7 percent from March 2018. Commodities Index, at 97.2, increased 3.4 March Prices Paid Index Up 0.1 Percent The March Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 110.6, is percent from February 2019 and 1.5 percent from March 2018. Higher prices in March for fe eder pigs, diesel, up 0.1 gasoline, and hay and forages more than offset lower prices for field crops, other services, nitrogen, and herbicides. Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes 2011 Base – United 2 019 with Comparisons States: March March February March Index Group 2018 2019 2019 (percent) (percent) (percent) ... ... 91.9 Prices received by farmers 89.4 95.1 ... ... ... ... 110.5 Prices paid by farmers 109.0 110.6 81 87 Ratio of prices received to prices paid ... ... 83

2 Contents ... ... ... 4 ... Prices Received by Farmers ... United – 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 5 Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base States: March ... States: March 2019 with Comparisons – ... 5 1914 Base - Prices Received Indexes, 1910 United United States: 2018 and Prices Received Indexes, 2 ... .. 5 011 Base by Month for Selected Groups – 2019 States: 2018 and 2019 ... ... 6 Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups – United ... United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... 7 – Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits Pr United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 8 ices Received for Vegetables and Livestock – – United States: 2019 with Comparisons ... 9 Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month ... States: 2019 with Comparisons ... 9 – Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month United States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 10 Prices Received for All Wheat – States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 10 Prices Received for Winter Wheat – Comparisons – ates and United States: March 2019 with St ... ... 11 Prices Received for Durum Wheat – States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... Prices Received for Spring Wheat 11 ... Prices Received for Oats States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 11 – arley – States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 12 Prices Received for All B ... States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... 12 – States and United Prices Received for Malting Barley States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received for Feed Barley ... 12 – ... – States and United States: March 2019 with Received for Sorghum Grain Comparisons ... ... 12 Prices – States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 13 Prices Received for Corn – States and United States: March 2019 with Prices Received for Soybeans Comparisons ... ... 14 – States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 14 Prices Received for Dry Beans States and United – States: March 2019 with Comparisons States and United ... ... 15 Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) – States and United States: March 20 19 with Prices Received for Sunflower Comparisons ... ... 15 Prices Received for Canola States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 15 – Comparisons – States and United States: March 2019 with ... ... 15 Prices Received for Flaxseed 16 ... Comparisons – Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed States a nd United States: March 2019 with Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice – United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... 16 – States: March 2019 with Comparisons States and United ... ... 17 Prices Received for Hay by Type eived for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay – States and 5 - State Total: March 2019 ... ... 18 Prices Rec Prices Received for Apples – States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 18 8 – States and United States: March 201 ... ... 19 Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization – States and United States: February 2019 ... ... 20 Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization – States and United States: March 2019 ... ... 21 – States and United States: March 2019 with Prices Received for All Milk Comparisons ... ... 22 Prices Received for Milk Cows – States and United States: April 2019 with Comparisons ... ... 22 Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... 23 – Commodity Parity Prices – U nited States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... ... 24 Marketing Year for Specified Commodities ... ... ... ... 26 2018 Prices Received for Broilers by Month – United States: 2013 - 26 ... ... ... Prices Received for Turkeys by Month – United States: 2013 - 2018 ... ... ... 26 Month United States: 2013 - 2018 ... ... ... 27 Prices Received for All Eggs by – – United States: 2013 - 2018 ... ... ... Prices Received for Market Eggs by Month 27 Prices Received for All Milk Sold at Plants by Month States and United States: 2017 ... ... 28 – 2018 Prices Received for All Milk Sold at Plants by Month State s and United States: ... ... 29 – Prices Received for All Milk Sold at Plants, Monthly Fat Test – States and United States: 2017 ... ... 30 Prices Received for All Milk Sold at Plants, Monthly Fat Test – States and United States: 2018 ... ... 31 on ... All Eggs and All Milk ... Adjustment for Seasonal Variati ... 32 – - – United States: 2015 Prices Received for All Eggs Adjusted for Seasonal Variation by Month 2018 ... 32 Prices Received for All Eggs as a Percentage of Parity Price by Month – United States: 2015 - 2018 ... .. 32 Prices Received for All Eg – United States: 2015 - 2018 ... ... 32 gs Adjustment Factors by Month 2015 Prices Received for All Milk Adjusted for Seasonal Variation by Month United States: – - 2018 ... 33 ... 33 8 .. Prices Received for All Milk as a Percentage of Parity Price by Month – United States: 2015 - 201 2 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

3 – United States: 2015 - 2018 ... Prices Received for All Milk Adjustment Factors by Month 33 ... Other Hay Baled Market Year Average Prices Received – Selected Regions: 2014 - 2016, 2015 - 2017, and 2016 - 2018 Averages ... ... ... ... ... 34 ... Reliability ... ... ... of Prices Received Estimates 3 5 Prices Paid by Farmers ... ... ... ... ... 36 Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios United States: March 2019 with – Comparisons ... ... 37 States: United – components Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub - ... 2019 with Comparisons ... March ... ... ... 38 Price Ratios Feed – United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... ... 39 United ... 39 Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios – Comparisons States: March 2019 with 39 – United States: March 2019 with Comparisons ... ... Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock ... Reliability Prices Paid Estimates ... of ... ... ... 40 ... ... ... 41 Information Contacts ... ... Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 3 Statistics Service USDA, National Agricultural

4 March Prices Received by Farmers percent of its 2011 base, up 2.8 percent from the The March Prices Received Index for agricultural production is 91.9 2019 index but down 3.4 February percent from the March 2018 index . The March index, at 85.7, is 2.1 percent higher than February but 2.6 Crop production: 2018. percent lower than March The vegetable & melon, fruit & tree nut, and other crop index increases more than offset the grain & oilseed index decrease. oilseed: The March index, at 64.7, is down 0.9 Grain and percent from March 2018. percent from February and 5.4 Oilseed and food grain index decreases offset the higher feed grain index. is up 2.7 The March index, at 60.5, increased slightly from last month and Feed grain: percent from a year ago. The corn price, at $3.61 per bushel, is up 1 cent from last month and 10 cents from March 2018. At $5.86 per cwt, sorghum grain is 3 cents above February but 14 cents below March a year earlier. Food grain: At 74.2, the index for March is down 3.0 percent from the previous month and 3.4 percent from a year ago. The March price for all wheat, at $5.19 per bushel, is 14 cents lower than February but 9 cents higher than March 2018. At 67.8, the index for March decr eased 1.5 percent from February and 14 Oilseed: percent from March 2018. The soybean price, at $8.52 per bushel, is unchanged from February but $1.29 lower than March a year earlier. t down 6.5 percent from a year earlier. percent from February bu Fruit and tree nut: The March index, at 119.4, is up 1.1 Price increases during March for oranges and strawberries more than offset price decreases for grapefruit and lemons. Vegetable and melon: At 144.7, the index for March increased 17.1 percent from the previous month and 23.6 percent from March 2018. Price increases during March for lettuce, celery, onions, and broccoli more than offset price declines for sweet corn, tomatoes, cauliflower, and cucumbers. Other crop: The March index, at 85.8, is up 1.5 percent from th e previous month and 6.2 percent from March 2018. The all hay price, at $170.00 per ton, is $3.00 higher than February and $22.00 higher than March 2018. At 68.8 cents per pound, the price for upland cotton is 1.3 cents higher than February and 0.5 cent hi gher than March 2018. Livestock production: The index for March, at 97.5, increased 3.0 percent from the previous month but decreased 2.2 percent from March a year earlier. Compared with a year ago, prices are higher for milk, cattle, and turkeys. Prices for market eggs, broilers, hogs, and calves are lower than a year earlier. At 100.1, the March index increased 3.2 percent from a percent from the previous month but decreased 1.7 Meat animal: year earlier. At $46.50 per cwt, the March hog price is $3.10 higher than February but $3.50 lower than a year earlier. The March beef cattle price of $126.00 per cwt is $3.00 higher than the previous month and $1.00 higher than March 2018. Dairy: The index for March, at 87.1, is up 4.2 percent from the previous mon th and 12 percent from March a year ago. The March all milk price of $17.50 per cwt is 70 cents higher than February and $1.80 higher than March 2018. At 102.2, the March index increased 1.7 Poultry and egg: percent from February but decreased 26 percent from March 2018. The March market egg price, at 63.9 cents per dozen, is 6.1 cents lower than February and $1.31 lower than March cents lower than a 2018. The March broiler price, at 51.0 cents per pound, is 2.0 cents higher than February but 8.0 cents higher . At 53.2 cents per pound, the March turkey price is 0.4 year ago cent higher than the previous month and 3.3 2018. than March 4 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

5 – 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base United States: March [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass.usda.gov] 2011 Base Index Group February March March 2019 2018 2019 (percent) (percent) (percent) ... Agricultural production 91.9 89.4 ... ... 95.1 83.9 ... 88.0 ... ... Crop production 85.7 ... 68.4 65.3 ... Grain and oilseed ... 64.7 ... ... 60.3 ... 58.9 Feed grain 60.5 Food grain ... ... ... 74.2 76.8 76.5 79.0 Oilseed ... ... ... 67.8 68.8 ... ... Fruit and tree nut ... 118.1 127.7 119.4 117.1 Vegetable and melon ... 123.6 144.7 ... ... 84.5 85.8 Other crop 80.8 ... ... ... ... ... 99.7 ... Livestock production 97.5 94.7 ... 100.1 101.8 ... 97.0 ... Meat animal 107.8 110.3 109.7 ... ... ... Cattle ... ... 65.3 69.9 ... 75.2 Hog Dairy ... ... ... 78.1 87.1 83.6 138.8 100.5 102.2 Poultry and egg ... ... ... ... ... ... Food commodity 99.9 97.2 94.0 - 1914 Base – United States: March 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received Indexes, 1910 www.nass.usda.gov] [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at 1910 - 1914 Base Index Group March March February 2019 2018 2019 (percent) (percent) (percent) 922 981 Agricultural production 948 ... ... ... Crop production ... ... 747 731 767 ... ... 1099 ... ... 1132 Livestock production 1158 and States: 2018 2019 – United Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups has not [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period begun] yet 2011 Base Crop Livestock Agricultural Food Month production production production commodities 2019 2019 2018 2019 2018 2018 2019 2018 (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) 78.7 77.3 January 85.2 97.2 92.7 94.4 92.3 86.1 ... 91.0 93.9 95.3 94.7 94.0 89.4 83.9 ... February 86.9 99.9 85.7 97.5 March 99.7 91.9 97.2 95.1 ... 88.0 95.6 April ... ... 92.8 88.5 96.0 May 94.8 98.3 89.1 ... ... 98.2 98.5 90.3 98.9 95.1 .. ... June ... 95.6 ... July 91.7 95.0 86.9 89.7 89.9 August 89.8 92.3 ... September 88.1 ... 88.4 90.9 88.7 85.2 91.4 80.1 88.9 ... October 92.6 ... 84.1 94.1 November 88.4 December 92.4 94.5 87.6 90.1 ... Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 5 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

6 – States: 2018 and 2019 Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups United estimation period has not [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate yet begun] 2011 Base All items Livestock Crop Production Month (PPITW) sector sector 2018 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2019 (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) 105.4 January 110.0 ... 108.2 107.0 109.5 110.9 106.8 109.0 108.1 109.1 111.7 106.3 110.5 109.7 107.6 ... February 109.0 109.9 109.5 March 106.3 107.6 110.6 111.6 ... 108.0 109.0 108.6 106.1 .. 109.6 April 107.6 ... 106.6 ... 109.9 108.2 May 109.1 ... June 107.7 ... .. 108.9 106.3 109.9 107.6 110.3 106.0 July ... ... 109.0 107.8 109.2 106.2 August ... 110.4 September ... 110.5 107.7 106.2 109.2 October 106.8 110.9 108.5 ... 109.8 108.2 November 107.0 ... 111.3 109.9 109.7 ... December 108.6 110.7 106.8 6 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

7 – States: March 2019 with United Comparisons Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits 2011 March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 Commodity Base Price Field crops 19.50 (D) dollars/cwt Austrian winter peas ... (S) ... (S) dollars/bushel 4.65 4.79 Barley, all 4.88 ... 4.46 ... 3.23 Feed ... ... dollars/bushel 2.90 4.59 3.22 dollars/bushel 5.01 4.60 4.83 Malting ... ... 4.75 24.80 34.60 Beans, dry edible dollars/cwt ... ... 26.20 26.20 ... 15.80 dollars/cwt ... 18.20 16.20 23.10 Canola 22.00 35.70 28.70 20.80 ... ... Chickpeas, all dollars/cwt Large 36.20 39.20 20.70 dollars/cwt ... ... 20.60 23.10 Small 23.30 26.80 23.40 ... ... dollars/cwt ... ... dollars/bushel 3.60 3.51 3.61 Corn 6.02 Cotton, Upland ... ... 0.675 0.688 0.880 0.683 dollars/pound (NA) ... 174.00 ... Cottonseed (NA) 131.00 dollars/ton ... ... Flaxseed dollars/bushel 9.79 14.20 10.10 9.76 167.00 148.00 170.00 159.00 Hay, all, baled dollars/ton ... ... dollars/ton 180.00 ... ... Alfalfa 184.00 176.00 165.00 dollars/ton 146.00 Other ... ... . 124.00 147.00 119.00 ... . 23.50 15.40 dollars/cwt Lentils 17.60 ... 27.50 2.84 Oats 2.66 dollars/bushel 3.42 ... 2.80 ... Peanuts, in 0.244 dollars/pound 0.215 0.160 ... - 0.252 shell ... 13.60 11.30 ... ... dollars/cwt 10.30 10.40 Peas, dry edible 12.70 Rice, all 11.90 ... 11.50 13.70 ... dollars/cwt 12.30 10.80 11.70 10.60 Long dollars/cwt . ... ... ... ... dollars/cwt Medium and sh 15.80 18.40 16.30 16.60 ort ... ... dollars/cwt 5.83 5.86 10.70 6.00 Sorghum grain dollars/bushel 8.52 9.81 8.52 12.50 Soybeans ... ... ... ... Sunflowers, all 29.00 18.00 dollars/cwt 17.80 17.30 5.19 7.44 5.10 dollars/bushel 5.33 ... Wheat, all ... ... 4.73 Winter 6.93 ... dollars/bushel 5.15 5.41 ... 4.73 9.22 dollars/bushel Durum 5.05 5.66 ... 5.23 Other spring 5.29 5.74 8.33 dollars/bushel ... ... 5.01 4.71 Hard red winter ... ... dollars/bushel 5.12 7.07 dollars/bushel ... ... Soft red winter 6.77 5.10 5.27 4.86 ... 5.22 5.84 5.27 8.38 dollars/bushel ... Hard red spring ... White 5.81 5.41 4.74 dollars/bushel ... 6.58 Fruits Citrus, equivalent on - tree Grapefruit ... 16.04 8.99 13.18 dollars/box 7.47 ... 20.72 15.54 Lemons 12.30 ... ... dollars/box 15.75 15.05 8.16 Oranges ... ... dollars/box 11.47 10.09 Non - citrus, fresh 1 0.389 ... ... dollars/p ound 0.325 Apples 0.336 0.397 1 Grapes (S) ... ... 628.00 (S) (S) dollars/ton 1 dollars/ton (S) (S) 507.00 (S) ... ... Peaches 1 Pears 559.00 779.00 dollars/ton ... ... 561.00 539.00 104.00 Strawberries ... 126.00 ... 118.00 114.00 dollars/cwt (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (NA) Not available. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 1 Equivalent packinghouse - door returns for California, Michigan, New York (apples only), Pennsylvania (apples only), and Washington (apples, peaches, and pears). Prices as sold for other states. Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 7 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

8 2019 with – United States: March Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock Comparison s [Price data source for potato, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service] 2011 March 2018 Commodity March 2019 February 2019 Base Price 1 Vegetables, fresh ... (S) dollars/cwt ... (S) Asparagus 37.50 165.00 ... Beans, snap 55.90 ... 30.40 dollars/cwt 69.00 45.90 ... dollars/cwt 41.60 50.60 62.40 ... Broccoli 46.80 (S) ... (S) ... (S) Cantaloupes dollars/cwt 16.50 29.00 27.90 26.30 30.80 dollars/cwt ... ... Carrots ... ... 99.70 Cauliflower 87.60 105.00 47.00 dollars/cwt ... dollars/cwt 70.90 Celery 22.50 96.00 ... . 25.20 47.90 30.70 dollars/cwt 26.60 26.90 Corn, sweet ... ... 33.40 ... dollars/cwt (S) ... Cucumbers 33.30 18.70 ... 52.40 46.70 dollars/cwt 24.30 Lettuce ... 37.60 2 17.90 ... 11.90 ... Onions dollars/cwt 12.30 11.60 ... ... dollars/cwt 11.10 14.30 Potatoes 11.30 10.70 ... 45.40 52.20 51.20 dollars/cwt ... Tomatoes 40.00 Livestock 142.00 Calves ... . ... 170.00 170.00 dollars/cwt 175.00 123.00 115.00 126.00 ... Cattle, all beef dollars/cwt 125.00 ... 3 dollars/cwt ... ... 58.90 71.60 Cows 68.90 62.80 126.00 129.00 127.00 117.00 dollars/cwt ... ... Steers and heifers 4 (NA) Milk cows ... (NA) (NA) ... 1,420.00 dollars/head dollars/cwt 66.50 46.50 43.40 ... ... 50.00 Hogs, all Barrows and gilts 46.50 43.60 dollars/cwt ... 50.00 ... 66.80 ... ... . dollars/cwt 57.90 43.90 47.70 36.20 Sows Dairy and poultry 5 Milk, all 20.10 15.70 ... ... dollars/cwt 17.50 16.80 3.71 Fat test ... ... ... percent 4.01 3.93 3.99 6 Broilers, live 0.459 ... ... dollars/pound 0.590 0.510 0.490 7 ... ... 2.01 Eggs, all 0.923 dollars/dozen 0.868 0.969 8 7 ... ... dollars/dozen 0.700 0.796 0.639 Market 1.95 9 0.528 0.532 0.680 ... 0.499 ... dollars/pound Turkeys, live Adjusted for seasonal variation ... ... dollars/dozen Eggs, all 0.818 0.927 1.90 0.979 106 100 Seasonal factor 106 ... ... 101 percent ... 16.30 dollars/cwt ... 20.20 17.30 Milk, all 18.20 100 percent Seasonal factor 97 ... ... 96 96 (NA) Not available. Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. (S) 1 Point of first sale. 2 Includes some processing. 3 Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter. 4 Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and October. 5 Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling subsidies. 6 Live weight equivalent price. 7 month price. Mid - 8 Also referred to as table eggs. 9 OB shipping point Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning January 2011, price reflects F r year price reflects delivered basis. basis. Prio Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 8 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

9 – United States: 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month [Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun] All wheat Corn Soybeans Month 2017 2018 2019 2017 2018 2019 2017 2018 2019 (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per bushel) bushel) bushel) bushel) bushel) bushel) bushel) bushel) bushel) 8.63 9.30 9.71 January ... 3.56 3.29 3.40 5.28 4.65 4.01 8.52 5.33 9.50 9.86 3.60 February 4.16 4.92 3.38 ... 3.44 5.19 5.10 9.69 4.37 8.52 3.51 ... March 3.61 9.81 3.49 3.43 4.16 April 3.58 5.28 9.33 9.85 ... 9.29 4.05 3.68 9.84 5.39 3.45 May ... 4.37 9.10 5.17 3.58 3.43 9.55 June ... 3.49 9.08 3.47 ... 4.77 July 5.00 9.42 3.36 3.27 August 8.59 ... 5.30 4.84 9.24 5.15 3.27 3.39 ... September 4.65 8.77 9.35 October 8.58 ... 9.18 3.41 3.26 4.64 5.22 5.23 ... November 3.15 4.72 3.41 8.37 9.22 December 8.57 3.54 ... 9.30 3.23 4.50 5.28 Comparisons United States: 2019 with Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month – [Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate begun] estimation period has not yet 1 2 Beef cattle All hogs Month 2018 2019 2017 2018 2019 2017 (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) 48.10 ... 121.00 120.00 52.50 117.00 44.60 January 54.40 123.00 February 43.40 125.00 119.00 ... 54.60 125.00 53.00 ... 125.00 46.50 126.00 March 50.00 ... 128.00 45.30 April 119.00 48.40 120.00 51.50 136.00 ... May 53.60 June ... 112.00 62.10 59.10 132.00 58.60 67.30 110.00 120.00 July ... ... 110.00 114.00 August 44.30 61.50 43.20 September 108.00 48.90 ... 105.00 50.30 ... 109.00 October 47.30 110.00 119.00 46.20 113.00 ... November 50.00 43.40 December 118.00 117.00 ... 48.60 1 Cows and steers & heifers. 2 Barrows & gilts and sows. 9 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

10 States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received for All Wheat – March 2018 March 2019 State February 2019 (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) ... ... (D) (S) (D) Arizona ... (D) ... (D) (D) Arkansas California (D) (D) (S) ... ... 4.86 4.31 ... ... 4.89 Colorado ... 5.45 ... 5.38 4.73 Idaho 4.46 Illinois 4.87 ... 5.44 ... 5.56 ... ... Indiana 5.21 4.97 5.10 4.49 4.81 ... ... Kansas 4.72 ... ... 5.56 5.22 Michigan 5.53 Minnesota 5.64 ... ... 5.72 Missouri ... 5.24 5.28 4.82 ... ... 5.35 5.25 ... Montana 5.32 Nebraska ... ... 4.52 4.36 4.78 4.97 North Carolina ... 4.97 5.19 . 5.65 5.07 North Dakota ... ... 5.07 5.53 4.90 Ohio ... ... 5.15 Oklahoma 4.45 ... 4.32 ... 4.49 ... ... Oregon 5.42 5.91 5.87 5.68 South Dakota 5.11 .. ... 5.27 Texas ... ... 5.62 6.09 4.64 Washington 6.07 ... ... 4.92 5.25 .. 5.33 ... United States 5.10 5.19 (D) data for individual operations. Withheld to avoid disclosing (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 2019 with Comparisons States: March Prices Received for Winter Wheat – States and United February 2019 State March 2019 March 2018 (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) ... Arkansas (D) (D) (D) ... ... (D) California (S) (D) ... ... 4.86 Colorado 4.95 4.31 ... 5.44 Idaho 5.37 ... 4.58 ... 4.87 4.46 Illinois 5.44 ... ... 5.56 ... ... Indiana 4.97 5.21 4.49 ... ... 5.10 Kansas 4.81 ... ... Michigan 5.56 5.22 4.72 Minnesota ... ... (D) (S) (S) 5.24 5.28 ... ... 4.82 Missouri Montana ... 4.96 5.28 ... 5.24 Nebraska 4.78 4.52 ... ... 4.36 ... . 4.97 4.97 5.19 North Carolina 4.15 4.72 ... ... North Dakota (D) Ohio 5.15 ... ... 4.90 5.53 Oklahoma ... ... 4.49 4.32 4.45 Oregon 5.34 5.88 5.86 ... ... .. ... South Dakota 5.28 4.78 5.43 6.09 5.62 4.64 Texas ... ... ... 6.00 4.80 ... Washington 5.10 5.41 4.73 .. 5.15 ... United States Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 10 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

11 Prices Received for Durum Wheat States: March 2019 with Comparisons States and Un ited – February 2019 March 2019 March 2018 State (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) ... Arizona ... (S) (D) (D) (S) California ... ... (S) (S) 6.16 (D) ... ... Idaho (D) Montana ... ... 6.22 (D) (D) 4.89 North Dakota ... ... 5.21 4.74 5.66 5.05 ... ... United States 4.73 Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Comparisons Prices Received for Spring Wheat – States and United States: March 2019 with State February 2019 March 2019 March 2018 (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (D) Colorado ... ... (S) (S) 5.38 5.42 Idaho 5.04 ... ... 5.76 ... 5.53 Minnesota 5.64 ... Montana 6.31 5.15 5.30 ... ... 5.10 5.10 5.70 ... North Dakota ... ... 6.03 ... 5.90 Oregon 5.96 ... 6.04 5.25 South Dakota ... 5.26 6.28 5.73 5.56 Washington ... ... 5.74 5.29 5.23 United States ... ... Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. (S) States and United Prices 2019 with Comparisons Received for Oats – States: March February 2019 March 2019 State March 2018 (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) ... (S) (S) (D) Illinois ... 3.10 ... ... 3.80 3.94 Iowa Michigan 3.30 ... 3.62 ... 3.68 2.71 ... 2.57 2.29 Minnesota ... (S) (S) ... Montana (D) ... (D) 3.32 ... ... (D) Nebraska (S) (D) ... New York (S) ... North Dakota (D) ... ... 2.46 2.49 ... (S) Oregon (S) ... (D) (D) Pennsylvania 4.19 (D) ... ... South Dakota 2.86 2.76 ... ... 2.58 Texas (S) (S) (D) ... ... ... 3.02 3.31 ... Wisconsin 2.92 2.80 ... ... 2.84 United States 2.66 Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. (S) Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 11 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

12 States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received for All Barley – March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 State (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (D) ... ... (S) (S) California Colorado 4.60 ... (D) ... 4.68 ... 5.30 ... 5.09 Idaho 4.52 Minnesota 4.41 ... ... 4.46 4.44 Montana ... ... 4.49 4.40 4.65 North Dakota 4.30 4.39 ... ... 4.32 Washington 3.16 (D) 3.47 ... ... (D) Wyoming (D) ... (D) ... .. 4.65 ... United States 4.46 4.88 Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 2019 with United – States and Comparisons Prices Received for Malting Barley States: March March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 State (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) ... ... (D) (S) (S) California ... 4.60 4.73 ... 4.68 Colorado ... 5.36 ... 5.19 4.78 Idaho (D) 4.46 Minnesota ... 4.45 ... ... 4.51 Montana ... 4.52 (D) 4.64 4.43 4.58 North Dakota ... ... ... (D) (D) (D) ... Washington (D) (D) (D) ... ... Wyoming .. 4.60 4.75 ... United States 5.01 Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) Insufficient number of reports to (S) establish an estimate. States: March 2019 with – Comparisons States and United Prices Received for Feed Barley February 2019 March 2019 March 2018 State (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) California ... ... (S) (S) (S) (S) ... (D) ... Colorado (S) 3.21 Idaho ... 3.04 3.26 ... (D) Minnesota ... ... (S) 2.60 Montana 3.30 2.77 ... (D) ... 3.17 ... 3.22 North Dakota ... 2.81 2.86 3.22 ... ... Washington (D) Wyoming ... (S) ... (S) (S) United States 2.90 3.22 ... .. 3.23 (D) operations. Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. (S) States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received for Sorghum Grain – March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 State (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) ... ... (S) (S) (S) Arkansas 5.45 5.64 Kansas ... ... 5.93 (S) (S) ... ... (S) Louisiana 6.19 6.91 6.95 ... ... Missouri 5.32 5.95 5.56 Nebraska ... ... 6.37 5.91 ... ... Oklahoma 5.69 Texas ... 6.46 ... 6.52 6.79 ... .. 5.83 6.00 United States 5.86 Insufficient number of reports (S) to establish an estimate. 12 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

13 States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received for Corn – March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 State (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) ... ... 4.42 4.16 4.11 Alabama Alaska ... (S) (S) ... (S) (D) (D) ... Arizona ... (D) 3.81 ... ... 3.61 Arkansas 3.75 (D) ... ... California (D) (D) 3.49 Colorado ... 3.56 ... 3.66 (S) ... ... (S) Connecticut (S) (D) Delaware ... ... (D) (D) (D) (S) Florida (D) ... ... (D) 4.59 (D) ... ... Georgia Hawaii (S) (S) (S) ... ... 4.27 Idaho ... ... 4.32 (D) 3.58 Illinois ... ... 3.60 3.57 3.79 3.78 Indiana ... ... 3.72 ... 3.43 3.57 ... Iowa 3.54 3.52 3.54 ... Kansas ... 3.65 ... ... 3.81 3.90 3.71 Kentucky ... Louisiana (D) ... 3.76 3.95 Maine (S) ... (S) (S) ... 4.08 ... (D) ... Maryland 4.46 (S) Massachusetts ... (S) ... (S) ... 3.63 3.69 ... Michigan 3.59 ... ... 3.37 Minnesota 3.47 3.41 ... ... Mississippi (D) 3.81 (D) Missouri ... 3.66 3.54 3.69 ... ... ... (D) (D) Montana (D) 3.55 3.58 Nebraska ... ... 3.51 ... (S) Nevada (S) (S) ... (S) (S) New Hampshire ... ... (S) New Jersey (D) (D) (D) ... ... New Mexico (D) ... ... (D) (D) 4.13 ... New York 4.21 4.14 ... 4.52 4.54 North Carolina ... ... 4.36 3.30 North Dakota 3.08 3.31 ... ... ... 3.73 3.79 3.74 ... Ohio 3.81 3.86 3.88 Oklahoma ... ... ... ... Oregon (D) (D) (D) Pennsylvania ... 4.20 4.03 4.24 ... (S) ... ... Rhode Island (S) (S) (D) South Carolina 4.28 ... (D) ... 3.34 3.34 ... ... South Dakota 3.24 3.92 3.75 Tennessee ... ... 3.78 ... 4.03 4.72 ... Texas 4.34 (D) (D) Utah (D) ... ... (S) (S) ... ... Vermont (S) Virginia ... 4.34 (D) 4.15 ... 4.13 (D) ... Washington 4.35 ... (D) ... ... West Virginia (D) (D) 3.46 Wisconsin 3.54 3.46 ... ... (D) (S) (D) Wyoming ... ... 1 ... 3.60 3.51 ... 3.61 United States Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. (S) 1 North Carolina, North United States price includes Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin. Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 13 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

14 – States and United Prices Received for Soybeans 2019 with Comparisons States: March State March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) 10.10 8.72 Arkansas ... ... 8.40 ... 10.00 8.71 Illinois ... 8.70 10.10 ... 8.91 ... 8.83 Indiana Iowa ... 8.46 ... 9.64 8.38 9.58 8.19 ... Kansas ... 8.05 ... 8.92 Kentucky 10.10 8.77 ... 8.52 Louisiana ... ... 7.97 10.00 9.98 ... 8.60 ... Michigan 8.70 8.38 8.57 9.91 Minnesota ... ... (D) (D) ... 10.10 ... Mississippi 8.60 ... 9.86 ... Missouri 8.67 9.58 8.25 Nebraska ... ... 8.19 8.63 (D) North Carolina ... . 10.10 9.29 7.83 7.82 ... ... North Dakota 8.66 10.10 8.86 Ohio ... ... 9.36 8.04 .. ... South Dakota 8.10 ... Tennessee 10.10 8.81 ... 8.64 8.61 ... ... Wisconsin 9.80 8.48 8.52 .. ... United States 9.81 8.52 Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) – States and United States: March 2019 with Prices Received for Dry Beans Comparisons March 2018 State February 2019 March 2019 (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) 66.20 California ... ... 70.40 67.50 22.60 Colorado ... ... 22.60 (D) 24.80 Idaho 24.20 24.60 ... ... (D) 29.30 30.00 Michigan ... ... ... (D) (D) ... Minnesota (D) Nebraska ... (D) (D) (D) ... ... 19.70 ... 21.40 21.50 North Dakota 26.20 26.20 24.80 .. ... United States (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. 14 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

15 2019 with – States: March States and United Comparisons Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) March 2018 State February 2019 March 2019 (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) Alabama ... ... 0.209 0.226 0.187 ... Arkansas 0.208 ... 0.206 (S) Florida 0.196 0.198 0.227 ... ... 0.144 Georgia 0.226 ... 0.195 ... ... 0.031 0.180 0.213 Mississippi ... 0.537 ... 0.226 New Mexico ... (S) ... 0.221 North Carolina 0.240 (S) . 0.245 0.228 0.228 ... ... Oklahoma 0.189 South Carolina . ... 0.227 0.214 0.233 ... 0.385 ... Texas 0.337 0.225 (S) Virginia ... 0.211 ... ... 0.215 0.244 ... United States 0.160 (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Sunflower – States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 State (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) Kansas ... ... (D) (D) (D) (D) ... ... Minnesota (D) (D) ... North Dakota 18.50 ... 17.60 18.60 South Dakota 17.40 ... 17.00 17.70 ... ... ... United States 18.00 17.80 17.30 (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. – States and United Prices Received for Canola 2019 with Comparisons States: March March 2019 March 2018 State February 2019 (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) Minnesota (D) ... ... (D) (D) (D) Montana (D) ... ... 17.70 16.20 ... ... 15.80 North Dakota 18.20 (S) (S) Oklahoma ... (S) ... ... United States 18.20 16.20 15.80 ... (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. (S) Prices Received for Flaxseed – States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons March 2019 February 2019 State March 2018 (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) (dollars per bushel) North Dakota 10.10 ... ... 9.76 9.79 ... 10.10 9.76 United States ... 9.79 15 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

16 – States: March 2019 Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed States and United Comparisons with February] [Cottonseed marketing year August - Cotton, Upland Cottonseed State March February March March February March 2019 2019 2019 2018 2019 2018 (dollars per ton) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per ton) (dollars per ton) (NA) 0.720 (NA) Alabama ... 0.694 (D) 98.80 (D) (S) Arizona (NA) (NA) 220.00 ... (S) (NA) (NA) Arkansas (D) 0.731 ... 140.00 0.756 (NA) (S) California ... (NA) (D) (D) (D) 0.698 118.00 0.741 (NA) (NA) ... 0.703 Georgia Louisiana ... (D) (NA) (D) (NA) (D) 180.00 (NA) 0.746 165.00 (D) (D) ... Mississippi (NA) 0.681 (D) ... 0.714 (NA) North Carolina 0.740 (NA) 0.741 (NA) Tennessee ... (S) 0.678 (NA) (D) 0.656 0.676 157.00 0.664 . ... Texas (NA) (NA) 174.00 ... 0.683 (NA) (NA) United States 0.675 0.688 (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. Not available. (NA) Insufficient number of reports to (S) establish an estimate. – States: March 2019 United Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice Comparisons with March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 Item Cotton, Upland dollars/pound ... ... 0.688 0.683 Average price 0.675 1 ... 1,415 ... 1,097 Marketings 1,000 bales 1,356 Rice, all Average price ... 11.90 11.50 12.70 ... dollars/cwt 2 15,860 13,748 12,643 Marketings ... ... 1,000 cwt Rice, long ... ... 10.60 dollars/cwt Average price 10.80 11.70 2 ... ... 1,000 cwt 11,028 10,140 13,212 Marketings Rice, medium and short California dollars/cwt Average price 18.30 20.00 ... ... 18.20 3 Other States ... 12.30 11.80 dollars/cwt ... Average price 12.30 ited States Un ... 16.60 dollars/cwt 15.80 Average price 16.30 ... 2 2,503 2,720 1,000 cwt ... ... Marketings 2,648 1 Marketings based on a survey of cotton buyers in the major producing States - Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas. 2 private firms and rice (rough equivalent) shipped by cooperatives. Purchases by 3 Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas. 16 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) Service USDA, National Agricultural Statistics

17 – States: March 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received for Hay by Type States and United Alfalfa hay Other hay All hay State February March March February March March February March March 2019 2019 2018 2019 2018 2018 2019 2019 2019 (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per ton) ton) ton) ton) ton) ton) ton) ton) ton) 1 106.00 88.00 Alabama ... (S) 89.00 (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) 1 350.00 Alaska (S) 360.00 ... (S) 360.00 (S) 360.00 (S) 360.00 210.00 210.00 Arizona 210.00 ... 210.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 1 98.00 105.00 (S) 97.00 107.00 Arkansas (S) 192.00 ... 187.00 104.00 135.00 216.00 220.00 California 205.00 175.00 225.00 ... 188.00 210.00 185.00 240.00 220.00 ... 237.00 190.00 240.00 Colorado 190.00 240.00 240.00 190.00 1 Connecticut ... (S) (S) 164.00 189.00 187.00 (S) 201.00 159.00 180.00 1 (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) ... (S) (S) (S) Delaware 1 Florida ... (S) (S) 147.00 (S) (S) (S) 149.00 156.00 140.00 1 (S) 85.00 (S) (S) Georgia (S) 87.00 (S) 99.00 ... 97.00 1 (S) Hawaii (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) ... ... Idaho 165.00 160.00 155.00 140.00 141.00 165.00 160.00 160.00 160.00 160.00 149.00 135.00 165.00 168.00 175.00 Illinois 110.00 175.00 140.00 ... 1 195.00 135.00 158.00 170.00 155.00 ... 130.00 Indiana 160.00 185.00 185.00 138.00 ... 116.00 149.00 145.00 127.00 Iowa 124.00 150.00 127.00 141.00 ... 140.00 124.00 90.00 151.00 171.00 105.00 174.00 Kansas 102.00 154.00 150.00 166.00 150.00 125.00 220.00 215.00 147.00 166.00 ... Kentucky 220.00 1 ... 97.00 (S) 97.00 (S) (S) (S) 99.00 Louisiana 98.00 98.00 1 (S) 117.00 (S) (S) Maine 152.00 (S) 124.00 178.00 110.00 ... 1 119.00 137.00 160.00 154.00 180.00 ... 143.00 Maryland (S) (S) (S) 1 (S) (S) ... Massachusetts (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) Michigan 152.00 135.00 159.00 170.00 165.00 ... 160.00 175.00 140.00 130.00 153.00 130.00 179.00 102.00 126.00 186.00 152.00 179.00 170.00 Minnesota ... 1 97.00 (S) (S) 94.00 97.00 (S) (S) 91.00 Mississippi 91.00 ... 105.00 Missouri 90.00 155.00 126.00 155.00 ... 125.00 131.00 120.00 160.00 135.00 148.00 150.00 148.00 135.00 130.00 150.00 Montana ... 145.00 150.00 96.00 79.00 113.00 96.00 113.00 121.00 Nebraska ... 113.00 102.00 120.00 180.00 180.00 180.00 Nevada ... 180.00 180.00 175.00 181.00 185.00 150.00 1 (S) 128.00 New Hampshire 150.00 ... (S) (S) (S) (S) 170.00 131.00 1 New Jersey (S) (S) (S) 102.00 (S) (S) (S) ... (S) (S) 200.00 165.00 260.00 ... New Mexico 160.00 165.00 245.00 192.00 245.00 260.00 ... New York 124.00 166.00 176.00 200.00 120.00 151.00 190.00 167.00 146.00 1 (S) 220.00 North Carolina 125.00 125.00 127.00 (S) 122.00 (S) 126.00 ... 67.00 86.00 ... 79.00 North Dakota 85.00 68.00 109.00 92.00 101.00 90.00 115.00 151.00 Ohio 125.00 180.00 125.00 185.00 ... 154.00 190.00 142.00 196.00 ... 122.00 145.00 112.00 Oklahoma 190.00 100.00 124.00 88.00 103.00 170.00 ... Oregon 167.00 185.00 190.00 160.00 190.00 181.00 190.00 175.00 150.00 199.00 185.00 178.00 156.00 230.00 192.00 188.00 Pennsylvania ... 199.00 1 (S) (S) (S) (S) ... (S) (S) Rhode Island (S) (S) (S) 1 (S) (S) 152.00 (S) (S) South Carolina (S) ... 152.00 (S) (S) 108.00 South Dakota 98.00 117.00 113.00 ... 105.00 112.00 123.00 116.00 100.00 1 112.00 110.00 (S) ... 230.00 120.00 210.00 122.00 Tennessee 132.00 (S) 110.00 132.00 197.00 127.00 138.00 97.00 146.00 205.00 ... Texas 212.00 140.00 150.00 Utah ... 185.00 150.00 185.00 185.00 185.00 150.00 125.00 1 (S) 125.00 (S) 125.00 (S) 173.00 ... 217.00 Vermont 160.00 (S) 1 215.00 215.00 137.00 Virginia 130.00 (S) ... 151.00 145.00 (S) 156.00 183.00 186.00 180.00 200.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 180.00 200.00 Washington ... 1 (S) (S) ... (S) West Virginia (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) 129.00 191.00 201.00 90.00 122.00 203.00 152.00 Wisconsin 179.00 196.00 ... 135.00 168.00 175.00 157.00 145.00 171.00 175.00 145.00 140.00 160.00 Wyoming ... 2 148.00 167.00 147.00 United States 146.00 180.00 ... 170.00 165.00 184.00 124.00 Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. (S) 1 States added September 2017. 2 souri, Montana, United States price includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Mis exico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Nebraska, Nevada, New M Wisconsin, and Wyoming. 17 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

18 States and 5 – 2019 Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - State Total: March February 2019 2019 March State March 2018 (dollars per ton) (dollars per ton) (dollars per ton) ... 235.00 240.00 California ... (NA) (NA) 170.00 ... ... Idaho 180.00 180.00 175.00 ... ... (NA) Michigan (NA) 215.00 232.00 ... ... Minnesota 256.00 New York ... (NA) ... 212.00 .. 278.00 (NA) ... Pennsylvania 310.00 Texas 258.00 (NA) ... ... 257.00 247.00 (NA) Wisconsin ... ... 248.00 2 1 ... 225.00 (NA) State Total - 5 213.00 (NA) Not available. 1 - ds of milk 5 State total represents a weighted (hay purchases) average price for the five largest milk producing States (based on the poun produced during the previous month). 2 New York, Texas, For January 2019, includes California, Idaho, New York, Texas, and Wisconsin. For February 2019, includes California, Idaho, and Wisconsin. States and United States: March 2019 with Prices Received for Apples Comparisons – [Equivalent packinghouse - door returns for California, Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, and Washington. Prices at point of first sale for other States] Apples, fresh use State March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (S) California ... ... (S) (S) 0.335 0.315 ... ... 0.330 Michigan ... 0.380 0.384 0.310 New York ... ... 0.397 Pennsylvania 0.330 .. 0.395 ... ... Virginia 0.300 0.300 0.300 ... ... 0.340 Washington 0.396 0.409 .. 0.336 0.389 0.397 ... United States Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. (S) 18 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

19 – States and United Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization States: March 2018 [Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California - 80, Florida - 85, Texas - 80; lemons - 80; oranges in California - 8 0, Florida - 90, Texas - 85] Equivalent returns Commodity, FOB State, packed On tree - Packinghouse door and type fresh All Fresh Process Process All Fresh (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per box) box) box) box) box) box) box) Grapefruit (D) 17.43 California (D) (D) ... (D) 20.16 ... (D) 13.98 Florida, all ... 26.15 ... 18.63 10.22 36.50 15.24 23.35 ... (S) (S) (S) (S) ... 13.80 White (S) 10.40 14.00 15.53 ... 23.35 ... Red 18.92 10.20 26.15 36.50 (D) (D) 32.20 8.87 20.60 Texas ... 18.99 10.40 ... United States 12.07 ... ... 19.19 25.67 8.30 23.08 34.40 16.04 Lemons (S) (S) ... ... (S) Arizona (S) (S) (S) (S) (D) California 31.85 (D) ... 26.79 ... 48.40 38.37 20.72 38.37 31.85 (D) ... ... United States 26.79 (D) 48.40 20.72 Oranges 37.90 (D) 20.49 25.22 23.28 California, all ... ... 27.98 (D) Navel and miscellaneous ... 25.22 27.98 20.49 (D) 23.28 37.90 (D) (S) (S) Valencia ... (S) ... (S) (S) (S) (S) ... ... 11.06 Florida, all 33.50 14.31 14.63 19.50 22.75 11.38 Early and mids (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) ... (S) (S) 14.30 11.37 33.60 22.80 19.55 11.05 14.62 ... ... Valencia 22.62 24.45 17.76 Texas, all ... ... 36.00 (D) (D) 19.56 7.27 (D) 17.47 19.30 30.90 (D) ... Early and mids 8.99 Valencia 37.20 (S) 23.77 25.60 25.60 (S) ... 23.77 ... 12.83 United States ... ... 9.62 37.60 18.12 27.65 15.05 24.86 Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (D) (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 19 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) Agricultural Statistics Service USDA, National

20 – States and United Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization States: February 2019 [Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California - 80, Florida - 85, Texas - 80; lemons - 80; oranges in California - 80, Florida - 90, Texas - 85] Equivalent returns Commodity, FOB State, packed On tree - Packinghouse door and type fresh All Fresh Process Process All Fresh (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per box) box) box) box) box) box) box) Grapefruit (D) ... 19.54 ... (S) (D) California (S) 22.00 (D) 15.49 Florida, all ... 22.83 ... 11.79 17.82 20.05 33.20 14.41 15.55 30.70 20.35 12.29 ... 14.30 ... White 17.65 10.90 15.90 15.01 23.25 ... 20.45 Red ... 18.46 12.10 33.60 ... (D) 36.90 9.83 25.30 11.35 Texas 23.69 ... (D) United States 15.89 ... ... 10.99 23.58 8.02 21.27 33.90 13.18 Lemons (D) (D) ... ... (D) Arizona (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) California 24.22 (D) ... 22.28 ... 41.10 30.87 16.10 30.89 24.24 (D) ... ... United States 21.90 (D) 41.10 15.75 Oranges 27.70 (D) 10.32 14.76 13.19 California, all ... ... 17.58 (D) ... 17.58 14.76 Navel and miscellaneous (D) 10.32 27.70 13.19 (D) (S) (S) (S) (S) Valencia (S) ... ... (S) (S) ... 14.42 28.50 12.65 12.90 9.83 9.60 17.70 Florida, all ... 12.60 9.55 9.65 27.20 12.71 Early and mids ... 16.40 13.10 (S) 19.40 ... ... Valencia (S) 13.00 30.20 16.15 16.25 (D) (D) 11.73 13.49 33.30 21.70 ... ... Texas, all 19.87 33.30 (D) 12.47 (D) 21.70 10.72 ... Early and mids 19.87 (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) ... ... (S) Valencia 10.05 14.83 10.09 United States ... ... 7.01 27.80 13.05 17.66 operations. (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 20 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

21 – States and United Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization States: March 2019 [Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California - 80, Florida - 85, Texas - 80; lemons - 80; oranges in California - 80, Florida - 90, Texas - 85] Equivalent returns Commodity, FOB State, packed On tree - Packinghouse door and type fresh All Fresh Process Process All Fresh (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per (dollars per box) box) box) box) box) box) box) Grapefruit (D) ... 13.39 ... (D) (D) California (D) 16.13 (D) 12.17 Florida, all ... 21.45 ... 14.25 18.65 31.80 10.74 8.45 ... 14.15 (S) (S) 10.77 ... 13.90 White 18.85 10.50 11.70 10.74 ... 18.65 ... Red 14.27 7.90 21.45 31.80 (D) (D) 33.00 6.89 21.40 Texas ... 19.79 8.40 ... United States 7.12 ... ... 11.49 21.19 4.45 19.08 31.90 8.99 Lemons (S) (S) ... ... (S) Arizona (S) (S) (S) (S) (D) California 23.22 (D) ... 21.72 ... 40.10 29.87 15.54 29.87 23.22 (D) ... ... United States 21.72 (D) 40.10 15.54 Oranges 28.40 (D) 11.63 15.46 14.49 California, all ... ... 18.28 (D) ... 18.28 15.46 Navel and miscellaneous (D) 11.63 28.40 14.49 (D) (S) (S) (S) (S) Valencia (S) ... ... (S) (S) ... 13.91 28.00 14.55 14.62 11.37 11.30 17.16 Florida, all ... (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) Early and mids ... (S) (S) 11.35 17.20 ... ... Valencia 14.60 11.42 28.00 13.95 14.67 (D) (D) 11.44 13.22 28.30 16.74 ... ... Texas, all 14.91 33.20 (D) 6.29 (D) 21.60 4.59 ... Early and mids 19.77 14.47 (S) 16.30 27.90 16.30 14.47 ... ... (S) Valencia 12.85 15.36 11.47 United States ... ... 9.64 28.40 14.56 18.18 operations. (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 21 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) National Agricultural Statistics Service USDA,

22 – States and United States: March 2019 with Comparisons Prices Received for All Milk subsidies] [Before deduction for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 State Fat test Price Fat test Price Price Fat test (percent) (dollars per cwt) (percent) (dollars per cwt) (percent) (dollars per cwt) ... 3.68 16.50 Arizona 14.50 3.78 16.80 3.71 15.15 3.94 4.03 California 17.30 ... 4.02 16.50 17.20 3.87 16.00 Colorado 17.80 3.75 ... 3.84 3.65 Florida ... .. 20.80 20.50 18.70 3.63 3.58 4.02 Idaho ... ... 4.05 16.10 15.50 4.07 17.00 17.50 3.93 Illinois ... ... 4.00 16.70 4.02 15.90 3.97 3.93 16.80 15.10 17.30 3.83 Indiana ... . 16.80 ... Iowa ... 16.10 4.01 3.97 17.70 4.06 . 15.90 14.90 4.00 16.60 Kansas ... 4.01 3.89 15.80 3.87 3.83 3.87 16.50 Michigan ... 14.10 17.80 4.12 Minnesota 16.70 4.15 ... 3.98 16.30 3.80 3.71 3.78 New Mexico ... 15.90 14.20 15.00 ... 15.80 3.96 3.91 17.70 3.98 18.30 New York 3.94 3.93 15.80 Ohio ... ... 17.40 3.97 17.80 19.80 18.80 Oregon ... . 18.10 4.04 4.22 4.23 18.50 3.95 Pennsylvania ... 16.00 3.91 17.90 3.87 ... 4.34 4.38 4.21 South Dakota 17.00 17.60 18.50 ... Texas 4.21 4.25 4.11 16.40 17.70 ... 17.00 16.30 3.92 3.97 Utah 17.20 ... ... 4.00 15.70 4.03 Vermont ... 16.20 4.05 18.70 3.93 18.10 . 3.85 ... Virginia 16.10 3.82 18.60 18.60 3.82 15.80 17.60 Washington 4.04 18.10 4.23 ... 4.22 16.30 16.20 17.30 Wisconsin 3.98 ... 3.93 3.97 ... 15.70 3.99 16.80 4.01 United States 3.93 17.50 Cows – States and United Prices Received for Milk 2019 with Comparisons States: April [Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Quarterly United States milk cow prices are based on revised milk cow inventory] State April 2018 January 2019 April 2019 (dollars per head) (dollars per head) (dollars per head) 1,300 Arizona ... ... 1,250 1,550 1,100 California 1,100 ... ... 1,300 1,200 ... ... 1,550 Colorado 1,200 ... ... 1,450 Florida 1,200 1,200 ... Idaho 1,250 ... 1,200 1,500 1,320 ... 1,170 1,120 ... Illinois 1,050 1,100 1,300 Indiana ... ... 1,090 1,080 1,310 Iowa ... ... 1,300 1,300 ... ... Kansas 1,550 ... ... 1,300 Michigan 1,180 1,180 ... 1,340 ... Minnesota 1,050 1,060 1,200 1,550 1,250 ... ... New Mexico New York 1,230 1,090 ... ... 1,040 1,000 Ohio ... ... 1,200 1,000 ... Oregon 1,600 1,350 ... 1,200 1,050 1,090 Pennsylvania 1,250 ... .. South Dakota .. ... 1,430 1,120 1,170 1,500 Texas 1,300 ... ... 1,250 1,100 1,500 Utah ... ... 1,100 1,120 ... ... Vermont 1,100 1,400 980 Virginia ... ... 970 1,150 Washington 1,400 1,150 1,200 ... ... Wisconsin ... ... 1,320 1,130 1,120 United States 1,140 1,360 1,140 .. ... 22 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

23 2019 Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price United States: March Commodity Parity – Comparisons with [Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Ac Agricultural Prices for details on adjusted base price and parity price computations. Parity ts of 1948, 1949, and 1956. See February data not available for blank cells. Primary source of data for livestock and milk prices is United riculture's Agricultural States Department of Ag Marketing Service] Price as percent Parity price Adjusted of parity base Commodity and unit March March February February March March price 2019 2018 2018 2019 2019 2019 (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (percent) (percent) (percent) Basic commodities ... 17.10 All wheat 29 31 17.00 ... 30 bushel 17.60 0.571 Rice ... 40.10 39.90 29 39.90 1.34 30 cwt 32 ... 27 Corn 28 13.20 0.439 13.10 bushel 13.10 27 ... ... Cotton 34 ... 2.00 33 33 0.069 2.05 pound 2.07 Upland ... 4.07 4.04 35 34 34 3.99 0.136 pound ... American Pima pound ... ... Peanuts 23 0.023 31 0.684 0.676 36 0.688 1 ... cwt 2.42 37 32 33 72.00 72.40 Small chickpeas 70.80 1 21 97.00 96.60 97.60 cwt ... 21 37 3.26 Large chickpeas 1 76.60 cwt 20 76.10 77.80 23 2.56 ... ... 30 Lentils - Designated non basic 2 52.70 1.76 31 All milk, to plants 52.30 ... 33 cwt 52.30 35 3 0.186 5.14 5.57 5.53 39 Honey, extracted 39 42 pound ... Wool and mohair Wool 38 4.16 42 3.88 pound 42 ... ... 4.19 0.140 12.80 Mohair ... ... 42 0.426 12.70 41 pound 11.90 41 basic Other non - 4 1.030 37 1.040 Apples, fresh 1.050 ... pound 38 33 0.035 15.10 ... ... bushel 32 30 14.90 Barley 15.00 31 0.503 33 55.90 cwt 29 55.20 1.88 ... ... 56.30 Canola 28 593.00 26 ... ton Cottonseed ... 605.00 20.20 601.00 29 29 t cw 95.80 ... Dry edible beans 26 95.20 27 28 3.20 96.00 1.09 bushel 29 33.80 31 32.60 ... ... 30 Flaxseed 32.40 33 Oats ... ... bushel 8.57 8.58 8.62 33 0.288 31 33.20 32.60 33.00 32 34 Potatoes, fresh 1.11 ... .. cwt 34 Sorghum grain 22.10 ... ... cwt 0.742 22.40 27 26 22.20 26 1.09 30 32.60 26 32.60 26 Soybeans ... ... 32.40 bushel 27 62.90 29 28 64.00 2.10 62.50 Sunflower, all ... ... cwt tree) - Citrus (equivalent on ... ... 21.90 41 Grapefruit 22.10 21.70 0.738 box 74 60 56.00 28 ... 1.87 ... 38 54.90 box 55.60 28 Lemons box 56 0.910 37 26.70 42 Oranges 27.10 ... ... 27.20 Livestock and poultry 36 37 Beef cattle ... ... 335.00 cwt 350.00 35 11.70 348.00 1.55 33 Broilers 1.56 32 ... ... pound 0.052 39 1.50 17.00 34 36 506.00 485.00 509.00 33 Calves ... ... cwt 2 dozen ... ... Eggs 27 31 0.102 2.97 3.03 3.05 64 ... ... cwt 5.69 166.00 27 169.00 170.00 Hogs 26 30 ... .. 27 1.960 27 26 Turkeys, live 0.066 1.980 1.940 pound 1 Parity prices began January 2015. 2 Seasonally adjusted price as percentage of parity price. 3 Wholesale extracted. Adjusted base price derived from state annual averages prices weighted by production. For 1982 through 1 985 the national averages are the support prices. 4 door returns for California, New York, Oregon, and Washington. Price at point of first sale for other states. - Equivalent packinghouse 23 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

24 – States: March 2019 with Comparisons United Commodity Parity Prices of 1938 as amended by the [Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act for details on adjusted base price and parity price computations] Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956. See February Agricultural Prices Parity price Adjusted base Commodity and unit March February March price 2019 2018 2019 (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) Field crops and miscellaneous Hops ... pound 0.406 12.20 ... 12.10 11.60 ... 97.80 3.30 Mustard seed ... ... cwt 98.10 98.80 ... ... 79.90 ... ... cwt 80.60 Rapeseed 2.71 81.10 ... ... ... bushel 0.627 18.60 Rye 18.50 18.80 2.24 67.00 66.60 cwt ... ... ... Safflower 65.80 Spearmint oil 50.80 51.50 1.73 ... 51.80 ... pound Sweet potatoes ... 61.60 ... 2.07 62.00 cwt 60.50 Tobacco 5.46 ... ... 14 - cured, 11 - Flue 5.50 5.54 pound 0.185 pound 7.55 7.60 Fire - cured, 21 - 23 ... 7.46 ... 0.254 0.181 5.35 5.42 5.38 Burley, 31 ... ... . pound 5.09 5.05 pound 0.171 ... ... Maryland, 32 5.12 - cured, 35 - 37 ... ... Dark air pound 6.70 6.78 0.228 6.82 5.79 pound 5.83 0.196 Pennsylvania seedleaf, 41 ... ... 5.87 - citrus fruit Non 2 1 605.00 ... ... ton 576.00 20.20 Apples, processing 601.00 Apricots 3 ton 3,410.00 Fresh 3,600.00 121.00 ... ... 3,620.00 ... 8,750.00 ... 9,370.00 313.00 ... 9,310.00 ton Dried (California) 3 2 5,990.00 5,370.00 5,950.00 ton ... ... ... 200.00 Avocados Cherries ... ... ... Sweet 6,260.00 6,430.00 6,390.00 215.00 ton 2 0.958 0.940 pound ... 0.032 ... Tart 0.952 ... 2 4 . 116.00 120.00 barrel 3.87 ... Cranberry 115.00 ... 3 ... 4,230.00 Dates (California) ... 4,760.00 ton 159.00 4,730.00 Grapes (California) 5 Raisin variety 4,110.00 4,400.00 147.00 4,370.00 ... ... ton 71.90 2,150.00 2,010.00 2,140.00 Wine, processing ... ton ... 2 105.00 ... ... ... Kiwifruit 3,050.00 3,120.00 3,140.00 ton 3 Nectarines, fresh (California) ... ... ton 1,970.00 2,180.00 2,170.00 73.00 4 ton 106.00 3,150.00 3,170.00 ... ... 2,910.00 Olives, canning (California) continued -- See footnote(s) at end of table. Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 24 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

25 (continued) – States: March 2019 with Comparisons United Parity Prices Commodity of 1938 as amended by the [Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act for details on adjusted base price and parity price Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956. See February Agricultural Prices computations] Parity price Adjusted base Commodity and unit March February March price 2019 2018 2019 (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) citrus fruit continued Non - - pound 0.042 Papayas (Hawaii) 1.20 1.26 ... 1.25 ... Peaches 6 4 2,890.00 2,910.00 ... 2,670.00 ... ... ton Fresh 97.30 1 5 1,300.00 Dried (California) 1,290.00 ... ... 1,280.00 ton 43.30 Processing, excludes dried 4 ton 37.90 ... ... Clingstone (California) 1,130.00 1,130.00 1,060.00 6 1,900.00 Pears, Fresh ton ... ... 63.60 1,770.00 1,890.00 ... Plums (California) equivalent on - tree 7 ... 2,040.00 Fresh ... 2,050.00 ton 68.50 ... 1,910.00 5 2 1 ... ton 5,120.00 Prunes, dried (California) 171.00 4,700.00 ... 5,090.00 Strawberries 10 ... 288.00 286.00 Fresh ... ... pound 9.62 283.00 3.62 108.00 ... 106.00 Processing 108.00 ... pound Sugar crops 2 8 Sugar beets ton 153.00 ... 150.00 152.00 5.10 ... 2 8 104.00 102.00 105.00 Sugarcane 3.50 ... ... ton 9 Tree nuts 0.242 7.24 ... ... ... pound Almonds 6.93 7.20 ... ... ... ton 236.00 7,060.00 6,840.00 7,020.00 Hazelnuts ... pound ... 7.08 ... 7.12 6.93 Pistachios 0.238 ... ... ... ton 237.00 6,870.00 7,050.00 7,090.00 Walnuts 10 Vegetables, fresh 11 ... ... cwt arrots C 81.90 83.50 2.79 83.00 ... 11 Cauliflower ... ... cwt 137.00 4.59 137.00 135.00 ... 11 58.20 cwt ... ... 58.90 59.30 Celery 1.98 ... Honeydew melons ... 59.30 cwt ... 2.02 60.10 60.50 ... cwt 72.70 ... 71.40 ... Lettuce 72.30 2.43 11 42.20 1.41 ... 41.40 ... ... cwt Onions 41.90 4.05 cwt ... ... ... Tomatoes 120.00 119.00 121.00 1 Equivalent returns at processing plant door. 2 Adjusted base price is carried forward from the previous year since current marketing year average price is not yet available . 3 Equivalent returns at packinghouse door. 4 returns for bulk fruit at first delivery point. Equivalent 5 Dried basis. 6 Equivalent packinghouse - door returns for California, New York (apples only), Oregon (except peaches), and Washington. Price at point of first sale for other states. 7 Based on "as sold" prices for fresh fruit in all states. 8 Relates to prices including average conditional payments per ton made under the sugar acts of 1937 and 1948. Crop deficiency and abandonment payments not included. 9 Prices In - Shell basis except almonds which are s helled basis. 10 FOB shipping point price. 11 Includes some processing. 25 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) National Agricultural Statistics Service USDA,

26 Marketing Year for Specified Commodities December 1, previous year through November 30 for the U Broilers: nited States. Eggs: nited States . December 1, previous year to November 30 for the U Milk: ecember 31 for the U nited States. January 1 to D Turkeys: January 1 to December 31 for the United States . Prices Received for Broilers by Month – United States: 2013 - 2018 [Live weight equivalent price] 1 December January February March April Year May (dollars per pound) pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) 0.660 ... 0.620 0.620 0.660 2013 0.590 0.680 2014 0.550 ... 0.650 0.560 0.680 0.570 0.730 ... 2015 0.600 0.590 0.580 0.640 0.540 0.650 0.480 0.470 0.510 ... 0.560 0.460 0.500 2016 0.570 0.490 0.550 0.480 0.480 ... 2017 0.660 ... 2018 0.520 0.510 0.650 0.590 0.490 0.720 Year June July August September October November per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars 0.540 2013 ... 0.550 0.560 0.530 0.670 0.600 2014 ... 0.660 0.660 0.650 0.630 0.600 0.700 0.420 0.430 0.620 0.410 0.510 ... 2015 0.470 0.440 2016 0.510 0.570 0.420 ... 0.370 0.440 ... 0.620 0.660 0.510 0.480 2017 0.540 0.490 2018 0.730 0.670 0.460 0.490 0.460 ... 0.490 1 December preceding year. Prices Received for Turkeys by Month – United States: 2013 - 2018 price] [Live weight equivalent January February March April May June Year (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) 2013 0.627 0.657 ... 0.650 0.635 0.662 0.649 0.726 0.687 0.683 0.645 2014 0.664 0.728 ... 0.683 0.759 0.812 2015 0.662 0.702 0.669 ... 0.832 0.794 0.865 0.789 0.789 0.831 2016 ... 0.689 0.666 ... 2017 0.690 0.686 0.672 0.658 ... 0.506 0.499 0.498 0.508 0.508 0.500 2018 July August September October November December Year (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) (dollars per pound) 0.687 2013 ... 0.656 0.724 0.679 0.674 0.677 0.822 0.775 0.821 2014 0.756 ... 0.740 0.734 2015 0.886 0.848 0.897 0.922 0.925 ... 0.971 0.744 ... 2016 0.815 0.878 0.852 0.866 0.843 2017 0.627 0.529 0.647 0.623 ... 0.577 0.678 0.531 0.498 2018 0.517 0.519 0.530 0.511 ... 26 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

27 2018 – United States: 2013 Prices Received for All Eggs by Month - [Includes hatching and market eggs] 1 December January Year February March April May (dollars (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) 1.170 0.879 2013 ... 1.140 0.991 1.060 1.120 1.400 1.170 1.270 1.230 2014 1.380 ... 1.110 1.750 1.290 1.540 2015 1.080 1.730 ... 1.240 0.550 ... 2016 1.240 1.080 0.679 1.180 0.970 2017 0.626 0.785 ... 1.210 0.633 0.815 0.619 ... 2.010 1.200 1.330 1.150 2018 1.260 0.857 November October Year June July August September (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) 2013 ... 1.030 1.070 1.030 0.926 1.320 1.040 1.240 1.510 1.090 1.080 1.140 ... 2014 1.040 ... 2.000 2.000 2.390 2015 1.900 1.900 1.430 2016 ... 0.653 0.591 0.650 0.540 0.604 0.512 1.380 0.749 0.823 0.635 1.090 0.901 ... 2017 1.090 ... 1.140 2018 0.918 1.030 0.936 1.100 1 December preceding year. – 2018 States: 2013 - Prices Received for Market Eggs by Month United 1 December Year January February March April May (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) 0.977 2013 ... 0.645 0.952 0.776 0.863 0.957 0.906 ... 0.972 1.210 1.090 2014 1.230 1.040 ... 1.060 1.410 1.610 1.650 0.871 1.110 2015 0.731 0.242 2016 ... 0.850 0.392 1.040 0.969 0.378 0.572 0.555 1.020 0.374 ... 2017 0.360 ... 0.962 1.010 2018 1.950 1.180 0.619 1.090 Year June July August September October November (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) (dollars per dozen) 0.836 ... 0.823 0.870 0.821 1.160 0.695 2013 1.370 1.050 ... 0.876 0.934 2014 0.824 0.864 1.260 1.930 1.920 2.380 2015 ... 1.810 1.800 2016 0.369 0.361 0.215 0.231 ... 0.317 0.310 0.506 0.591 1.230 0.683 0.901 0.377 ... 2017 ... 0.818 0.695 0.894 0.712 0.892 2018 0.949 1 December preceding year. Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 27 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

28 – States and United Prices Received for All Milk Sold at Plants by Month States: 2017 State January February March April May June (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) 17.80 Arizona ... 17.20 16.70 16.20 15.50 15.70 17.08 16.56 California ... 15.53 15.25 17.46 15.96 19.50 18.00 18.70 ... 17.70 17.30 17.20 Colorado Florida 20.50 21.60 20.10 22.80 ... 21.80 20.80 16.10 16.60 16.70 18.40 16.40 ... Idaho 18.30 18.10 18.90 19.60 ... 17.30 17.20 17.90 Illinois 19.40 Indiana 16.70 17.10 18.70 ... 17.90 16.90 17.90 Iowa 19.00 ... 17.70 19.30 17.40 17.20 16.40 15.60 15.40 Kansas 18.60 17.80 16.40 ... 15.80 15.40 16.50 17.50 18.10 15.30 Michigan ... ... 18.60 Minnesota 18.90 17.10 16.70 17.50 17.50 17.90 17.10 15.00 14.80 New Mexico 15.80 ... 15.70 17.20 New York 19.10 19.70 ... 17.60 16.90 18.60 17.50 17.90 19.90 19.30 18.50 17.40 Ohio ... 19.60 19.30 21.10 18.50 18.60 20.60 Oregon ... 19.20 20.00 18.00 18.60 Pennsylvania ... 17.40 17.40 South Dakota 18.60 20.00 ... 18.20 19.80 18.80 17.90 20.20 Texas ... 19.30 17.80 17.10 17.70 16.90 18.40 16.50 ... Utah 17.90 19.00 16.50 17.10 Vermont 19.90 17.60 17.50 18.80 19.40 ... 18.20 ... 18.20 19.90 17.90 21.30 20.00 18.60 Virginia 17.10 18.00 18.00 17.10 18.90 Washington ... 19.70 19.30 17.20 19.00 17.40 17.90 Wisconsin 18.00 ... United States ... 18.90 16.70 18.40 17.30 17.30 16.50 July August September October November December State (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) 17.10 17.30 Arizona ... 17.70 16.00 16.70 17.20 17.45 California ... 15.55 16.64 16.46 16.85 17.37 17.70 18.00 18.30 Colorado 18.50 ... 18.30 18.60 22.00 21.50 21.60 ... Florida 22.20 21.90 21.40 17.30 18.20 16.50 18.10 16.80 Idaho ... 17.20 ... 18.50 18.70 18.50 Illinois 18.00 19.20 17.60 17.80 17.90 Indiana 17.90 17.60 ... 17.30 17.30 18.60 18.80 18.20 ... 17.50 Iowa 18.20 17.30 17.80 16.40 ... 17.30 Kansas 16.80 17.50 17.40 16.30 16.60 16.00 16.00 Michigan ... 16.50 16.60 18.00 18.10 18.60 ... 18.80 16.90 17.20 Minnesota 16.80 17.10 15.90 ... 16.30 New Mexico 16.60 16.80 ... 18.00 18.60 New York 18.40 18.30 17.70 18.20 18.30 ... 18.20 18.70 18.60 Ohio 18.00 18.60 20.70 19.10 20.80 ... Oregon 20.20 19.60 20.20 19.20 ... Pennsylvania 18.80 18.70 18.90 19.30 18.40 19.60 18.10 ... 18.70 South Dakota 19.00 19.40 17.90 19.00 18.80 18.40 Texas 19.10 ... 18.00 19.20 17.80 ... 17.60 18.30 18.40 17.00 17.60 Utah Vermont ... 18.50 18.60 18.80 18.60 18.10 19.10 19.90 19.10 19.50 Virginia 19.70 ... 19.40 20.00 ... Washington 17.60 18.30 18.70 18.90 18.30 18.40 17.10 18.20 18.50 ... Wisconsin 18.20 17.80 19.10 18.10 17.20 17.20 17.90 ... United States 18.10 18.20 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 28 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

29 – States and United States: 2018 Prices Received for All Milk Sold at Plants by Month January February March April State June May (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) 15.50 Arizona ... 14.80 14.50 14.40 16.00 15.10 15.55 15.24 15.15 California 14.85 14.68 ... 15.74 16.60 16.70 16.00 16.20 Colorado ... 15.90 16.80 19.60 19.10 Florida 20.40 ... 19.20 18.70 20.40 15.70 15.30 Idaho 15.20 15.50 14.90 ... 16.00 15.90 16.10 ... Illinois 16.30 16.50 16.70 15.60 ... Indiana 15.30 15.50 16.10 15.10 15.50 14.90 ... 15.70 16.40 16.80 16.20 16.30 16.10 Iowa 14.90 ... 14.60 15.10 16.10 Kansas 15.30 15.20 14.50 14.80 14.80 14.10 Michigan ... 13.80 14.90 Minnesota 16.20 16.00 ... 16.30 16.60 16.30 16.90 New Mexico 15.60 14.80 14.00 14.30 ... 14.20 14.90 16.40 New York 16.10 16.70 15.80 ... 16.90 15.60 15.70 16.10 ... Ohio 15.80 16.10 16.80 16.10 ... 18.40 19.20 18.10 19.10 Oregon 17.60 18.10 Pennsylvania 16.40 17.00 15.90 17.00 16.00 16.70 ... 17.30 17.00 South Dakota ... 16.60 17.00 17.00 17.60 Texas 16.40 17.00 16.50 ... 16.20 17.00 17.60 16.20 15.80 15.70 Utah 15.10 16.20 16.10 ... 17.40 17.00 17.00 16.20 16.70 ... Vermont 15.90 17.60 18.30 16.80 17.20 16.10 Virginia ... 16.50 17.10 16.90 16.10 15.80 15.90 16.70 Washington ... 16.50 16.50 16.40 16.20 16.80 ... Wisconsin 15.60 16.20 15.30 16.20 ... 15.70 United States 15.70 16.30 October State August September July November December (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) (dollars per cwt) 15.40 ... 16.40 Arizona 16.20 15.50 16.00 16.80 17.04 California 16.56 ... 15.85 17.21 16.53 15.14 17.10 16.40 16.00 17.30 17.60 Colorado ... 18.20 ... Florida 19.90 20.80 20.10 20.10 19.50 21.40 ... 16.80 Idaho 16.30 16.00 15.90 14.90 16.40 ... 17.90 Illinois 17.50 15.60 16.70 16.10 17.20 17.20 16.60 14.70 Indiana ... 17.20 15.20 16.00 Iowa 16.90 15.40 ... 18.00 16.50 16.50 17.40 16.00 15.80 14.90 Kansas ... 14.50 15.20 16.60 16.50 16.10 14.60 15.40 ... Michigan 15.60 14.20 17.50 15.40 Minnesota ... 16.20 17.70 16.70 16.60 14.40 15.70 15.10 14.10 New Mexico ... 15.30 14.70 18.10 17.80 New York ... 17.10 17.40 16.40 16.10 ... 15.50 Ohio 16.40 17.50 17.20 15.80 17.50 18.10 19.60 Oregon ... 19.90 17.90 19.00 19.50 ... 17.60 18.10 16.40 18.00 16.20 17.10 Pennsylvania ... 17.60 16.20 18.30 17.00 18.70 South Dakota 17.10 17.30 18.10 16.80 17.60 Texas 16.50 ... 16.10 Utah 17.50 16.80 16.80 15.80 16.30 15.30 ... ... Vermont 17.80 17.50 16.50 18.50 18.20 16.70 17.50 19.20 17.40 17.10 19.00 ... Virginia 18.10 18.30 17.40 17.40 17.80 Washington 16.40 ... 16.30 16.30 17.00 17.80 Wisconsin 17.50 ... 15.40 16.20 17.50 ... United States 16.10 16.90 16.60 15.50 17.10 29 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

30 – Prices Received for All Milk Sold at Plants, Monthly Fat Test States: 2017 States and United January February March April May June State (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) Arizona ... 3.55 3.55 3.57 3.56 3.72 3.65 3.97 3.75 3.87 ... 3.82 California 3.91 3.78 3.67 3.82 Colorado 3.68 ... 3.57 3.69 3.74 3.69 3.65 3.64 Florida ... 3.67 3.64 3.67 3.77 3.85 Idaho 3.99 3.89 4.06 3.92 ... ... 3.87 3.93 3.85 3.83 Illinois 3.72 3.79 3.88 3.60 3.81 3.80 ... Indiana 3.72 3.66 3.90 3.75 Iowa 3.96 ... 3.89 3.82 3.86 3.90 3.83 Kansas ... 3.68 3.64 3.74 3.68 3.60 3.71 3.75 3.77 3.81 3.66 Michigan ... 3.77 3.92 ... Minnesota 3.95 3.84 3.93 3.87 ... 3.64 3.75 3.71 3.55 3.51 3.58 New Mexico 3.95 3.80 3.74 New York ... 3.86 3.92 3.92 3.97 3.83 3.78 3.92 3.72 3.90 Ohio ... 3.82 4.01 4.13 3.95 3.88 4.08 Oregon ... 3.90 3.94 3.72 3.88 Pennsylvania ... 3.76 3.83 South Dakota 4.11 4.16 ... 4.04 4.11 3.99 4.07 4.13 Texas ... 4.07 4.01 3.98 3.92 3.98 3.87 3.80 ... Utah 3.80 3.98 3.73 3.63 Vermont 3.95 3.88 3.84 3.94 3.94 ... 3.77 ... 3.71 3.78 3.67 3.87 3.80 3.65 Virginia 3.88 3.82 4.01 3.95 4.08 Washington ... 4.13 3.90 3.81 3.85 3.77 3.70 Wisconsin 3.85 ... United States ... 3.95 3.78 3.89 3.86 3.72 3.82 July August September October November December State (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) 3.69 3.61 Arizona ... 3.59 3.72 3.72 3.58 3.74 California ... 4.02 3.79 3.70 3.95 3.95 3.53 3.81 3.57 Colorado 3.81 ... 3.63 3.77 3.66 3.77 3.74 ... Florida 3.70 3.72 3.73 3.84 4.05 3.73 4.06 4.09 Idaho ... 3.75 ... 3.80 3.87 3.71 Illinois 3.98 3.99 3.70 3.71 3.88 Indiana 3.63 3.73 ... 3.60 3.91 3.91 4.04 3.77 ... 4.03 Iowa 3.84 3.73 3.91 3.62 ... 3.64 Kansas 3.93 3.81 3.70 3.70 3.62 3.89 3.59 Michigan ... 3.69 3.85 3.86 3.78 3.95 ... 4.06 3.74 4.04 Minnesota 3.53 3.77 3.51 ... 3.80 New Mexico 3.64 3.73 ... 3.72 3.76 New York 3.83 3.95 3.97 3.85 3.86 ... 4.03 3.99 3.84 Ohio 3.71 3.75 4.05 3.90 4.12 ... Oregon 4.01 4.12 3.93 3.81 ... Pennsylvania 3.82 3.72 3.92 3.73 3.92 4.26 4.24 ... 4.04 South Dakota 3.96 4.13 3.93 3.94 4.04 4.21 Texas 4.14 ... 3.92 4.19 3.76 ... 3.65 3.92 3.93 3.58 4.00 Utah Vermont ... 3.83 3.76 3.83 3.93 3.96 3.77 3.65 3.91 3.76 Virginia 3.87 ... 3.62 3.74 ... Washington 4.12 4.12 4.01 3.93 3.90 4.05 3.67 3.70 3.83 ... Wisconsin 3.78 3.98 3.97 3.89 3.70 3.99 3.81 ... United States 3.73 3.97 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 30 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

31 All Milk Sold at Plants, Monthly Fat Test States and United States: 2018 Prices Received for – January February March April State May June (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) 3.61 Arizona ... 3.62 3.68 3.69 3.60 3.70 3.89 3.99 3.94 California 3.96 3.75 ... 3.79 3.65 3.82 3.75 3.72 Colorado ... 3.81 3.58 3.59 3.61 Florida 3.77 ... 3.69 3.65 3.61 3.83 3.97 Idaho 4.05 4.05 4.01 ... 3.85 3.93 3.74 ... Illinois 3.91 3.80 4.00 3.96 ... Indiana 3.83 3.70 3.93 3.83 3.62 3.84 ... 4.02 4.06 3.86 3.77 3.98 3.97 Iowa 3.89 ... 3.94 3.87 3.99 Kansas 3.69 3.73 3.86 3.70 3.78 3.83 Michigan ... 3.87 3.93 Minnesota 4.05 4.02 ... 3.98 3.99 3.80 3.87 New Mexico 3.83 3.60 3.77 3.66 ... 3.71 3.56 3.80 New York 3.90 3.97 3.91 ... 3.74 3.91 3.96 3.92 ... Ohio 3.94 3.80 4.06 3.71 ... 3.99 3.97 4.04 3.93 Oregon 4.16 4.17 Pennsylvania 3.84 3.95 3.87 3.68 3.87 3.73 ... 4.22 4.21 South Dakota ... 4.27 3.97 4.27 4.11 Texas 4.11 3.91 4.07 ... 4.20 3.97 4.24 3.77 3.84 3.92 Utah 3.96 3.97 3.70 ... 3.79 3.87 3.99 3.93 3.95 ... Vermont 3.95 3.65 3.93 3.79 3.69 3.82 Virginia ... 3.83 4.04 3.99 3.93 Washington 3.97 ... 4.16 4.17 3.83 3.96 3.93 Wisconsin 3.99 3.74 3.94 ... 4.00 ... 3.96 United States 3.93 3.87 3.83 3.76 State July August September October November December (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) Arizona ... 3.78 3.79 3.57 3.60 3.72 3.60 3.79 3.89 3.98 3.78 ... 4.03 California 4.04 3.69 3.85 3.57 3.63 3.87 Colorado ... 3.89 ... 3.71 3.71 Florida 3.69 3.65 3.69 3.71 3.79 4.13 Idaho 4.06 ... 4.13 3.93 3.80 3.72 3.83 ... Illinois 4.05 3.99 4.03 3.75 3.60 3.63 3.97 3.80 ... 3.96 3.67 Indiana Iowa 4.04 4.06 ... 3.88 4.09 3.77 3.81 3.76 3.96 ... 4.04 Kansas 3.70 4.06 3.73 3.94 3.69 3.68 3.73 3.85 Michigan ... 3.95 4.12 4.19 ... 3.95 Minnesota 3.80 4.15 3.85 3.77 3.60 3.87 3.56 3.88 ... New Mexico 3.65 3.89 New York 3.71 4.01 ... 4.01 3.70 3.76 4.07 3.70 Ohio 3.91 3.75 4.06 3.77 ... 4.00 4.24 Oregon ... 4.25 3.94 4.19 3.86 3.71 3.98 3.85 Pennsylvania 3.65 3.97 3.67 ... 3.96 4.30 4.37 4.35 4.09 South Dakota ... 3.99 ... 4.32 4.24 3.91 3.95 Texas 4.35 4.04 Utah 3.73 4.04 3.96 3.68 4.07 ... 3.82 3.96 3.81 Vermont 4.06 3.73 ... 4.06 3.75 Virginia 3.70 3.78 3.67 3.94 ... 3.64 3.95 Washington 4.00 4.24 ... 3.94 4.19 3.86 4.25 Wisconsin 3.98 3.82 ... 4.04 3.71 3.73 4.01 3.76 3.98 3.74 4.05 ... United States 4.05 3.84 31 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

32 - All Eggs and All Milk Adjustment for Seasonal Variation ten therefore, any Base prices used in calculating parity prices are averages of prices received by farmers for years; thly prices for All Eggs and seasonal variation is largely averaged out. To facilitate comparisons with parity prices, mon All Milk are adjusted for seasonal variation. The seasonally adjusted price is calculated by dividing the monthly price by the adjustment factor. 2018 United States: 2015 - Prices Received for All Eggs Adjusted for Seasonal Variation by Month – Prices received adjusted for seasonal variation, dollars per dozen State 1 Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Jan Oct Nov Dec 1.520 1.930 1.690 1.350 2.060 2.150 1.310 2015 1.890 1.540 1.850 1.580 ... 1.260 0.591 0.994 0.584 0.632 0.606 1.120 1.240 0.808 0.983 0.471 0.621 ... 2016 0.606 0.754 0.786 0.750 1.040 0.765 1.090 0.969 0.748 2017 0.645 0.849 1.080 ... 0.717 1.120 1.230 1.050 1.440 0.940 1.900 1.290 1.090 1.050 1.070 ... 2018 0.905 1.010 1 December preceding year. Prices Received for All Eggs as a Percentage of Parity Price by Month – United States: 2015 - 2018 Seasonally adjusted price as a percentage of parity price, percent State 1 Jan Feb Mar Apr Dec May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov 71 58 78 67 74 63 68 55 45 2015 55 ... 49 47 21 38 33 37 27 21 20 42 ... 21 2016 21 20 16 ... 2017 33 27 29 25 22 26 26 24 37 26 35 37 35 2018 38 43 34 36 48 41 32 ... 64 35 37 30 1 December preceding year. Prices Received for All Eggs Adjustment Factors by Month – United States: 2015 - 2018 Seasonal price adjustment factors, percent State 1 Oct Nov Sep Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug 91 118 ... 116 97 111 93 91 98 98 103 2015 100 86 84 99 97 87 95 87 97 126 125 91 ... 105 107 2016 ... 101 82 104 101 83 104 126 125 87 2017 85 97 97 84 108 81 83 126 106 100 98 98 105 124 87 ... 2018 1 December preceding year. Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 32 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

33 2018 – United States: 2015 Prices Received for All Milk Adjusted for Seasonal Variation by Month - Prices received adjusted for seasonal variation, dollars per cwt State 1 Jan Feb Mar Apr Dec May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov 16.90 2015 16.70 ... 17.30 20.20 17.30 16.90 16.90 17.20 18.10 17.10 16.50 17.30 16.40 16.50 16.00 16.40 15.60 15.20 16.90 15.40 17.20 16.70 ... 15.60 2016 16.50 17.10 17.70 17.90 ... 2017 18.10 18.90 17.00 18.00 17.80 16.90 19.10 18.20 17.00 15.80 15.60 16.50 17.10 ... 16.00 16.00 16.30 15.90 16.30 2018 17.30 15.90 16.60 1 December preceding year. – United States: Prices Received for All Milk as a Percentage of Parity Price by Month 2015 - 2018 Seasonally adjusted price as a percentage of parity price, percent State 1 Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov 32 31 37 31 33 32 32 32 ... 31 32 2015 31 32 32 32 2016 ... 29 33 33 31 31 32 29 33 30 31 33 32 34 32 35 2017 35 ... 36 33 37 34 35 35 30 31 30 ... 2018 31 31 31 33 30 33 31 32 31 1 December preceding year. – United States: Prices Received for All Milk Adjustment Factors by Month 2015 - 2018 Seasonal price adjustment factors, percent State 1 Feb Dec Nov Jan Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct 98 108 2015 101 97 ... 107 97 104 97 98 97 97 100 104 96 96 97 98 102 107 95 96 100 ... 97 2016 108 98 105 107 2017 94 101 ... 99 96 95 105 97 96 107 96 94 101 95 96 98 105 101 105 97 ... 107 2018 107 1 December preceding year. 33 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

34 Other Hay Baled Market Year Average Prices Received – Selected Regions: 2014 - 2016, 2015 - 2017, and 2016 - 2018 Averages fees] [Prices provided to the Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture to compute Eastern National Forest grazing 3 - year average Region 2016 2014 - 2015 - 2017 2016 - 2018 (dollars per ton) (dollars per ton) (dollars per ton) 1 113.80 ... ... Appalachia 120.10 115.10 2 ... ... Corn Belt 90.70 93.00 98.90 156.60 155.30 ... ... . 154.00 Florida 3 89.00 ... ... 83.70 76.20 Lake States 4 178.60 ... ... 156.80 169.70 Northeast 5 ... 102.30 101.10 Southeast/Delta ... 99.70 1 Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. 2 Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, and Ohio. 3 Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. 4 Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, and Vermont. 5 Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 34 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

35 Reliability of Prices Received Estimates Definition: Prices received represent sales from producers to first buyers. They include all grades and qualities. The average commodity price from the survey multiplied by the total quantity marketed theoretically should give the total cash receipts for the commodity. Survey procedures: Primary sales data used to determine grain prices were obtained from probability samples of about 1,900 mills and elevators. These procedures ensure that virtually all grain moving into commercial channels has a chance of being included in the survey. Gen erally, States surveyed account for 90 percent or more of total United States production. Livestock prices are obtained from packers, stockyards, auctions, dealers, and market check data from farm sales of grain and - AMS - USDA, private marketing organizations, and state commodity g roups and agencies. Inter livestock are not included since they represent very small percentages of the total sales. Grain marketed for seed is also eck data from AMS - USDA, private excluded. Fruit and vegetable prices are obtained from sample surveys and market ch marketing organizations, state agencies, and universities. Summary and estimation procedures: Survey quantities sold are expanded by strata to state levels and used to weight average strata prices to a state average. State prices are then weighted to a United States price based on expanded sales. Recommendations are prepared by the Regional Field Offices and reviewed by the Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. State recommendations are reviewed for reasonableness with survey data, other States, and recent historic estimates. Revisions: In general, revisions are made during annual comm odity market year estimation time, following five - year Agricultural Prices Census revisions, or when later information is received. Revisions are published in monthly issues of . United States price estimates based on probability surveys gene Reliability: rally have a sampling error of less than one percent for the major commodities such as corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton, and rice. Current methods of summarization for non probability commodities are not designed directly to calculate sampling errors. However , analytical measures - approximate the United States relative sampling errors at around five percent. Any non sampling errors are attributed to - such things as the inability to obtain correct information, differences in interpreting questions or definitions, mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. Efforts are made at each step in the survey process to minimize these non - sampling errors. Program Changes : After the Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics (C - FARE) 2009 program review which included changes in farm production practices, plans were implemented to make necessary program improvements in the agricultural price program. The index group structure for prices received was modified to maintain a more universal structure 1914 series. - and consistenc y with the required 1910 Modifications implemented January 2014 include the following: updated the current 1990 - 1992 base reference period to 2011; linked the 1910 - 1914 series to the updated base reference period, 2011; created index groups u sed universally by researchers, data users, and policymakers; and re - classified agricultural commodities into the index groups. Also the modifications expanded the commodity coverage for vegetable, melon, non - citrus, and tree nuts; updated monthly market w eights; and adjusted (normalized) current five year moving average cash receipts and farm input cost weights. Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and replaced the annual average index with an annual index. The February 20 16 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. 1914 base period indexes remain rounded to the nearest whole number. - The 1910 See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details. Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 35 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

36 by Farmers March Prices Paid The March Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 110.6, is percent from February 2019 and 1.5 percent from March up 0.1 2018. Production: The March index, at 107.6, is unchanged from February but 1.2 percent higher than last year. Higher prices for feeder pigs, diesel, gasoline, and hay and forages offset lower prices for field crops, other services, nitrogen, and herbicides. Feed: At 102.4, the March index increased 0.6 percent from February and 3.2 percent from March last year. The prices for hay and forages, complete feeds, concentrates, and feed grains are higher than the previous month. The March index, at 105.9, is up 0.9 percent from February but down 4.2 Livestock and poultry: percent from last year. The March feeder pigs price, at $185.00 per cwt, is up $15.00 per cwt from February. The feeder cattle and poultry prices are unchanged. perce percent from February but up 5.9 The index for March, at 70.1, is down 0.7 Fertilizer: nt from March last year. Since February, lower prices for nitrogen and mixed fertilizer more than offset higher prices for potash and phosphate. Chemicals: The March index, at 102.3, is down 0.6 percent from February and 4.3 percent from March last year. 2018. Compared with percent from March At 71.4, the March index is up 4.4 Fuels: percent from February and 13 February, prices are higher for diesel, gasoline, and LP gas. Machinery: The index for March, at 125.0, is unchanged from February but up 6.0 pe rcent from last March. - propelled machinery and other machinery but Compared with the previous month, the prices are higher for self lower for tractors. U), as issued b - y the Consumer Price Index: The March 2019 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI 1984=100). - Bureau of Labor Statistics, increased 1.9 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 254.202 (1982 For the month, the index increased 0.6 percent prior to seasonal adjustment. 36 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

37 2019 with – States: March United Comparisons Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass.usda.gov] - 2011 Base 1910 1914 Base Index Group and March March February February March March Ratios 2019 2018 2018 2019 2019 2019 (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) Prices paid by farmers for commodities, services, interest, taxes, and wage rates (PPITW) 2993 110.6 110.5 109.0 ... 2949 ... 2990 2240 Production ... ... 2239 107.6 106.3 2213 107.6 Feed 1122 101.8 ... ... 102.4 99.2 1093 1128 110.5 105.9 Livestock and poultry ... 2091 2074 105.0 2180 118.2 3885 115.6 118.2 3885 3800 Seeds ... ... 850 ... Fertilizer ... 844 70.1 66.2 70.6 797 ... 918 Chemicals 102.3 106.9 102.9 960 ... 924 71.4 1913 1775 Fuels ... 1996 63.4 68.4 ... ... 109.3 1343 1346 1290 113.9 Supplies and repairs 114.1 3263 Autos and trucks 106.2 ... 105.9 106.6 3276 3255 Machinery ... 117.9 7203 125.0 7636 7640 ... 125.0 ... 118.1 114.8 118.3 Building materials 2671 2748 2753 2488 2482 (NA) (NA) 2465 Services and rent ... (NA) (NA) ... Services (NA) (NA) 115.1 115.6 113.8 ... 119.5 (NA) (NA) 119.5 ... ... Rent (NA) 119.5 1 ... ... 118.6 4331 Interest 4331 4325 118.8 118.8 2 7119 120.0 117.1 6952 7119 ... 120.0 Taxes ... ... 125.8 9260 9260 Wage rates 129.3 ... 129.3 9010 3 Family living - CPI 2371 2415 111.0 ... 2401 112.4 113.0 Production, interest, taxes, ... 3064 110.2 3108 108.7 ... and wage rates (PITW) 3107 110.2 87 83 81 Ratio (received/paid) ... (NA) (NA) (NA) 4 (NA) (NA) ... 32 33 (NA) ... 31 Parity ratio 5 Parity ratio adjusted (NA) (NA) 34 33 (NA) ... 32 PPITW adjusted for 6 (NA) 1658 1613 (NA) productivity ... ... 1660 (NA) Crop sector (PPITW) ... (NA) (NA) 111.6 (NA) 109.9 111.7 109.5 Livestock sector (PPITW) (NA) ... (NA) 109.1 108.0 (NA) Farm sector (production) ... (NA) (NA) (NA) 106.4 106.2 106.2 - farm sector (production) (NA) ... (NA) 106.3 Non 108.4 (NA) 108.4 (NA) Not available. 1 Interest per acre on farm real estate debt and interest rate on farm non - real estate debt. 2 Farm real estate taxes payable per acre. 3 Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers (CPI SDA. - U), converted by the U 4 - Ratio of index of prices received to PPITW (1910 1914=100). 5 Based on estimated cash receipts, from marketings and government payments, the preliminary adjustment factor is 1.026 for 201 9 and the revised factor is 1.026 for 2018. 6 adjusted based on productivity trend for the prior 15 years. PPITW is Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 37 Agricultural Statistics Service USDA, National

38 components United States: - – Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub 2019 with Comparisons March .usda.gov. Relative weights are a five year moving average] [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass Indexes (2011=100) Relative weights Index Group March February March 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) (percent) 73.5 106.3 73.2 Production items ... ... 107.6 107.6 102.4 ... ... . 13.3 12.8 101.8 Feed 99.2 59.5 Feed grains 1.8 60.9 ... ... 1.9 60.7 ... ... 106.3 6.5 Complete feeds 106.0 6.3 105.6 Hay and forages 111.8 ... 1.6 ... 1.6 110.1 97.8 113.8 Concentrates ... ... 109.0 2.0 2.1 113.1 112.7 ... 1.1 114.3 114.3 1.2 Supplements ... 110.5 105.9 Livestock and poultry ... ... 8.8 105.0 8.2 Feeder cattle ... ... 6.4 6.8 105.8 105.8 108.0 132.1 Feeder pigs 121.4 ... ... 0.7 140.7 0.6 107.0 80.3 80.3 Milk cow replacements .. 0.7 0.7 ... ... ... Poultry 0.5 107.0 0.5 107.0 107.0 118.2 118.2 ... 5.4 ... 115.6 5.3 Seeds 116.9 4.8 Field crops 114.0 116.9 4.9 ... ... 131.0 ... Grasses and legumes 131.0 0.5 131.8 0.5 ... Fertilizer 5.2 66.2 70.1 5.0 70.6 ... ... 71.4 71.1 Mixed fertilizer 66.4 ... ... 2.3 2.2 67.6 ... 2.2 70.8 Nitrogen 71.6 2.1 ... 0.7 Potash and phosphate ... 64.9 .. 0.7 61.6 65.1 ... 106.9 3.6 102.3 ... Chemicals 102.9 3.6 ... ... Herbicides 103.5 109.2 2.2 102.9 2.3 ... ... Insecticides 0.8 0.8 103.1 105.2 102.3 Fungicides and other 0.5 99.3 100.0 0.5 ... 99.5 ... 68.4 2.8 2.4 71.4 Fuels ... ... . 63.4 1.8 60.7 68.3 70.8 Diesel 1.5 ... ... ... ... Gasoline 70.7 65.5 0.5 64.6 0.6 LP gas 73.5 0.5 0.4 74.4 ... 70.9 ... 113.9 4.6 ... 114.1 4.6 Supplies and repairs ... 109.3 115.0 ... ... 1.5 109.9 114.3 Supplies 1.6 3.1 109.0 ... 113.6 Repairs ... 3.0 113.7 106.6 105.9 1.3 106.2 1.3 Autos and trucks ... ... ... 99.9 0.2 100.6 100.9 Autos ... 0.2 ... Trucks 1.1 ... 1.1 107.5 107.0 106.8 5.3 ... 117.9 5.6 125.0 Machinery 125.0 ... 1.2 112.1 ... 109.9 ... Tractors 1.2 109.3 Self - propelled ... ... 130.7 2.1 120.6 131.0 2.3 2.1 ... ... Other machinery 118.3 127.7 127.8 2.0 118.1 114.8 118.3 4.0 Building materials ... 4.1 ... 115.6 113.8 115.1 12.1 Services ... ... 11.7 1.3 1.2 ... 113.3 ... Custom rates 113.3 113.3 115.3 ... Other services 10.5 115.9 10.8 ... 113.9 119.5 119.5 7.9 Rent 7.8 ... .. 119.5 ... ... 126.1 Cash 126.1 126.1 4.2 4.2 ... 3.6 111.8 3.7 111.8 ... ... Share 111.8 118.8 ... Interest .. 118.6 ... 2.6 2.4 118.8 120.0 Taxes ... ... ... 3.2 3.3 117.1 120.0 ... ... 7.1 129.3 7.2 125.8 129.3 Wage rates ... ... 13.7 112.4 13.9 111.0 113.0 Family living - CPI 38 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

39 United States: March 2019 with Comparisons – Feed Price Ratios 1 March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 Feed price ratio Broiler - feed: pounds of broiler grower feed equal 2 5.3 5.6 ... ... in value to 1 pound of broiler, live weight 5.1 Market egg feed: pounds of laying feed equal in 3 ... 7.6 value to 1 dozen eggs 22.2 ... ... 8.4 corn: bushels of corn equal in value to - Hog ... 12.9 14.2 100 pounds of hog, live weight ... ... 12.1 - Milk feed: pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal 4 ... ... 2.07 1.99 in value to 1 pound of whole milk ... 2.14 corn: bushels of corn equal Steer & heifer - in value to 100 pounds of steer & heifers, ... 35.0 36.2 ... ... ... live weight 35.7 pounds of turkey grower equal in feed: - Turkey 5 5.9 value to 1 pound of turkey, live weight ... ... 5.8 5.2 1 Effective January 1995, prices of commercial prepared feeds are based on current United States prices received for corn, soybeans, alfalfa hay, and all wheat. 2 The price of commercial prepared broiler feed is based on current United States prices received for corn and soybeans. The mo deled feed use s 58 percent corn and 42 percent soybeans. 3 The price of commercial prepared layer feed is based on current United States prices received for corn and soybeans. The mode led feed uses 75 percent corn and 25 percent soybeans. 4 pared dairy feed is based on current United States prices received for corn, soybeans, and alfalfa. The modeled feed The price of commercial pre uses 51 percent corn, 8 percent soybeans, and 41 percent alfalfa. 5 The price of commercial prepared turkey feed is based on current Unite d States prices received for corn, soybeans, and wheat. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 28 percent soybeans, and 21 percent wheat. Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios – United States: March Comparisons 2019 with [Price data source States Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Marketing Service] for livestock and poultry commodities is United March 2018 February 2019 March 2019 Item (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) ... 0.590 ... ... pound 0.510 0.490 Broilers, live ... dozen ... 1.95 ... 0.700 Eggs, market 0.639 43.40 Hogs, all ... 46.50 ... 50.00 ... cwt 16.80 Milk, all ... ... 15.70 ... cwt 17.50 cwt 129.00 126.00 127.00 Steers and heifers ... ... ... ... ... ... pound Turkeys, live 0.528 0.499 0.532 bushel ... ... ... 3.51 3.60 3.61 Corn 165.00 ... 184.00 180.00 Hay, alfalfa ... ... ton Soybeans 8.52 9.81 bushel ... ... 8.52 ... Wheat, all 5.10 bushel ... ... ... 5.19 5.33 – United Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock 2019 with Comparisons States: March Service] [Price data source is United States Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Marketing March 2019 March 2018 February 2019 Item (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) 145.00 Feeder cattle & calves ... ... cwt 148.00 145.00 Feeder pigs ... ... ... cwt 185.00 197.00 170.00 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 39 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

40 Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates Prices paid by farmers represent the average costs of inputs purchased by farmers and ranchers to produce Definition: agricultural commodities. Conceptually, the average price when multiplied by quantity purchased should equal total producer expenditures for the item . Survey procedures: The prices paid data are obtained from establishments that sell goods and services to farmers and ranchers. Annually, about 8,500 firms are randomly selected from lists by type of item sold with an average response rate in the range 80 percent. Firms are asked to report the price for the specified item "most commonly bought by - of 75 farmers" or that was the "volume seller". Approximately 135 items are surveyed each March to represent all production input items purchased. The survey re ference period for most items is the five business days centered at the 15th of the month. Separate prices paid surveys are conducted for agricultural chemicals, fuels, feed, fertilizer, machinery, and seed. Summary and estimation procedures: The annual M arch Prices Paid Survey is summarized as a non probability survey. - Average prices reported are aggregated to the region and United States level using weights available from expenditure ed by the Regional Field Offices and data and other administrative sources. Price recommendations are prepar Headquarters for review by the Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. Also, the change in price level for prices paid indexes individual items surveyed are combined to the regional and United States levels, and are published as referenced to a specific base period. Prices paid indexes for new autos and trucks, building materials, farm supplies, motor supplies, and marketing containers are updated based on price changes measured in selected Bureau of Labor Stat istics (BLS) indexes. Any revisions are published in the monthly and in annual issues of Agricultural Prices. The basis for revision Revisions: for March must be supported by additional data that directly affect the level of the estimate. More revisions are likely when separate prices paid surveys are conducted, in lieu of BLS indexes, by the USDA to measure price change. Reliability: Current methods of summarization for the March data are not designed directly to calculate sampling errors. tical measures approximate the United States relative sampling errors for major items around 10 percent. However, analy - sampling errors are attributed to such things as the inability to obtain correct information, differences in Any non interpreting questions or definiti ons, mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. Efforts are made at each step in the survey process to minimize these non - sampling errors. Program change: Effective January 2014, the National Agricultural Statistics Service modified the five - year mo ving weights and updated the base reference period. In January 2015, publication of preliminary prices was suspended, and the annual average index was replaced by an annual index. - . Five 1992 base reference period was updated to 2011 As of January 2014, the 1990 year moving average weights are - - 1914=100 price indexes, required by statute for adjusted (normalized) to minimize the effects of price changes. The 1910 computing parity prices, were linked forward based on the changes in the new 2011=100 indexes. T he new indexes were constructed by multiplying the ratios of the current prices to the base period prices by the moving average weights. Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and replaced the annual average index with an a nnual index. The April 2015 program update d iscontinued publication of the annual March survey prices paid data. The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. - 1914 base perio d indexes remain rounded to the nearest whole number. The 1910 See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details. 40 Agricultural Prices (April 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

41 Information Contacts General ... Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch - 6146 ... (202) 720 Crop Prices Received ... ... ... (202) 720 - 2127 Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch ... ... Travis Thorson, Head, Field Crops Section ... ... (202) 720 - 2127 ... – Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet ... ... ... Chris Hawthorn (202) 720 - 9526 James Johanson – County Estimates, Hay ... ... ... ... (202) 690 - 8533 – Oats, Soybean s ... ... ... ... (202) 690 - 3234 Jeff Lemmons Jannety Mosley ... Barley, Crop Weather ... ... ... (202) 720 - 7621 – ... Peanuts, Rice ... ... – ... (202) 720 - 7688 Sammy Neal Jean Porter – Rye, Wheat ... ... ... ... (202) 720 - 8068 Chris Singh – Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum ... ... ... (202) 720 - 5944 Travis Thorson (202) 720 Canola, Mustard Seed, Rapeseed, Safflower, Sunflower ... ... - 7369 – 2127 Pratts, Head, Fruits, Vegetables, and Special Crops Section Jorge Garcia ... ... (202) 720 - - Joshua Bates – Almonds, Apples, Apricots, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions, Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco ... ... ... ... (202) 720 - 4288 Vincent Davis Garlic, Hazelnuts, Kiwifruit, Lettuce, Maple Syrup, Mint, Pears, – Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Tomatoes ... ... ... (202) 720 - 2157 ... Fleming Gibson – Cauliflower, Celery, Citrus, Macadamia, Mushrooms, Olives 5412 ... ... ... ... (202) 720 - Green Peas, Watermelons Greg Lemmons – Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes, Tame Blueberries, ... ... 4285 - 02) 720 (2 Wild Blueberries ... ... ... Dan Norris Artichokes, Cantaloupes, Dry Beans, Dry Edible Peas, Honeydews, Lentils, – Nectarines, Papayas, Peaches, Snap Beans, Walnuts ... ... (202) 720 - 3250 ... – Daphne Schauber Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chile Peppers, Dates - ... Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans, Spinach (202) 720 ... 4215 ... Livestock Prices Received ... ... ... (202) 720 - 3570 ... Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch (202) 720 ... ... ... ... - 3570 Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section Holly Brenize – Sheep and Goats ... ... ... ... (202) 720 - 0585 – Cattle and Cattle on Feed ... ... ... ... (202) 720 - 3040 Heidi Gleich Mike Miller ... Milk, Milk Cows ... ... ... (202) 720 - 3278 – ... Hogs and Pigs ... ... – ... (202) 720 - 3106 Seth Riggins ... Tony Dorn, Head, Poultry and Specialty Commodities Section ... ... (202) 690 - 3223 Fatema Haque Turkeys ... ... ... ... (202 ) 720 - 3244 – Kim Linonis ... Eggs ... ... ... ... (202) 690 - 3676 – ... Broilers ... ... ... – .. (202) 690 - 3237 Adam Peters Erica Sadler – Honey ... ... ... ... ... (202) 720 - 6147 Indexes, Prices Paid, and Parity Prices ... ... Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch (202) 720 - 6146 Bruce Boess, Head, Economics Section ... ... ... ... (202) 720 - 4447 – Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices, Prices Paid Indexes, Prices Paid for Feed, Kuan Chen Fertilizer, Chemicals, Seeds, Fuels, Farm Supplies and Repairs, Farm Machinery, Feeder Livestock, ... ... ... ... (202) 690 - 3347 Poultry Chicks, Feed Price Ratios ... 9168 - (202) 720 ... ... Stephen Habets – Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices Agricultural Prices (April 2019) 41 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

42 Access to NASS Reports For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following ways:  www.nass.usda.gov All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web site: Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e - mail subscription. To set - up this free  n, visit subscriptio and click on “National” or “State” in upper right corner above “search” www.nass.usda.gov box to create an account and select the reports you would like to receive. Cornell’s Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS’s and other agency’s archived  https://usda.library.cornell.edu . All email subscriptions containing reports will reports. The new website, be sent from the new website, https://usda.library.cornell.edu . To continue receiving the reports via e - mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account and re - subscribe to the reports. If you r subscribe, they are located at: need instructions to set up an account o . You should whitelist [email protected] - https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help .edu in your email client to avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. esmis.library.cornell For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural Statistics Hotline at (800) 727 - 9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e - mail: [email protected] The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, reprisal, and where applicable , political beliefs, marital status, familial or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic information in employment or in any program or activity condu cted or funded by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs and/or employment activities.) If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online at www.as cr.usda.gov/filing - program - discrimination - complaint - usda - customer , or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632 9992 to request the form. You may also write a letter containing all of the - information requested in the form. Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250 - 9410, by fax (202) 690 - 7442 or email at [email protected] . Price Program Links Economics and Prices http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_Subject/Economics_and_Prices/index.php January 2014 Price Program Update http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updates.pdf 5 Price Program Update January 201 http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/update2015.pdf April 201 5 Price Program Update http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateApr2015.pdf February 201 6 Price Program Update p://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateFeb2016.pdf htt

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