Janet’s Law (N.J.S.A. 18A:40 41a through 41c) (Also known as the defibrillator law) Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

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1 Janet’s Law N.J.S.A. 18A:40- ) ( 41a through 41c (Also known as the defibrillator law) Frequently Asked Questions and Answers : Acronyms AAP NJ – American Academy of Pediatrics, New Jersey Chapter AED – automated external defibrillator Association AHA – American Heart CPR – cardiopulmonary resuscitation Districts/schools public schools that provide - refers to public school districts and non- . instruction to students in grades kindergarten through 12 GENERAL APPLICATION the provisions of Janet’s Law apply to nonpublic schools? 1. Do Yes, Janet’s Law applies to public school districts and nonpublic schools that provide instruction to students in grades kindergarten through 12. do es Janet’s Law require districts/schools to do ? 2. What ery district/school to have an AED available in an unlocked location on Janet’s Law requires ev appropriate identifying sign. The AED must be accessible during the school property with an school day, and any other time when a school -sponsored athletic event or team practice is taking place in which pupils of the district /school are participating. The AED must be within reasonable proximity of the school athletic field or gymnasium , as applicable . Janet’s Law also requires every district/school to have a team coach, licensed ath letic trainer, or other designated staff member present for athletic events or team practices who is trained in CPR and the use of an AED. This requirement can be satisfied by having a State- certified emergency services provider or other certified first responder on site at the event or practice. Janet’s Law additionally requires every district/school to establish and implement an emergency action plan for responding to a sudden cardiac event , including an event which requires the use of an AED. The emerg ency action plan must contain, among other things, a list of no less than

2 five (5) school employees, team coaches, or licensed athletic trainers who hold current certifications in CPR and the use of an AED. ? 3. What constitutes an “athletic event” 18A:40- 41 and Janet’s Law does not specifically define an “athletic event.” However, N.J.S.A. 18A:40- n “athletic activity ” as: “interscholastic athletics; an athletic contest N.J.S.A. 41f define a or competition, other than interscholastic athletics, that is sponsored by or associated with a school district or nonpublic school including cheerleading and club- sponsored sports activities; and any practice or interschool practice or scrimmage for those activities.” Districts/schools be guided by the de finition of “athletic activity” in determining what is, and is not, an should “athletic event.” 4. Janet’s Law states that a district/school’s emergency action plan must include a list of no less than five (5) school employees, team coaches, or licensed trainers that are certified AED. Does this me an five (5) in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an individuals from the entire district, or from each school? Janet’s Law requires no less than five (5) employees to hold current certifications in CPR school and the use of an AED. 5. Does the AED have to be within a three (3) minute round trip (reach and return) of the school -sponsored athletic event or team practice? Janet’s L aw states that the AED “shall be within reasonable proximity of the school athletic field , as applicable an appropriate or gymnasium ” and in an unlocked location on school property with identifying sign. How a district/school chooses to satisfy the “accessible” and “within net’s Law is a local decision. However, t he reasonable proximity” provisions in Ja AAP NJ recommends that the AED be placed in a central location that is , ideally, no more than a one (1) to one and a half (1½) minute walk from any location. 6. How many AEDs does each district/school need? This is a local decision , but there must be at least one (1) AED in every school building . The number of AEDs neede d by each district/school depends on many factors, including, but not limited to : the number of athletic teams, the number of intramural teams, the frequency of home and away practices and games , the size of each school building, the number of playing fie lds, the size of the gymnasium and campus , proximity and availability of local emergency services provider(s) , person(s) responsible for maintaining the AED(s) , and the number of student - athletes.

3 PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND RECESS available for physical education and/or recess? 7. Does an AED need to be Janet’s Law requires every district/school to have an AED available in an unlocked location on AED must be accessible during the school property with an appropriate identifying sign. An school day, and this includes during physical education and recess. An AED is required to be within reasonable proximity of the school athletic field(s) or gymnasium. OFF -CAMPUS ATHLETIC PRACTICES AND COMPETITIONS ED for all off -campus practices and 8. Is the district/school responsible for providing an A -country, for example? athletic events ? What about crew and cross be within reasonable proximity of the school athletic field shall Janet’s Law states that the AED “ ,” and “shall be accessible... any other time when a school - or gymnasium, as applicable aking place in which pupils sponsored athletic event or team practice is t or of the district nonpublic school are participating. an AED must be available for all off- campus ” Therefore, events . How a district /school choose s to satisfy the “accessible” and athletic and team practices in Janet’s Law “within reasonable proximity” provisions , and should also be is a local decision addressed in each district /school ’s emergency action plan for responding to a sudden cardiac event. In addressing this issue, each district/school should be guided by the recommendation of the AAP NJ, namely that the AED be placed in a central location that is, ideally, no more than a one (1) to one and a half (1½) minute walk from any location. 9. How can the availability of an AED on each golf course and at each swim meet be ensured? ing each golf course and swim facility may consider contact its team s use The district/school that determine whether the for practice and competition to campus facility has a functioning AED off- available, and whether the location of the AED is within reasonable proximity of the athletic . When the availability of an AED on a golf course or at a swim facility is uncertain, the event D from the distr ict/ school , and follow the procedure s outlined in the coach must bring an AE district/school ’s emergency action plan for responding to a sudden cardiac event. The district/school may consider having an agreement with competing schools that the ” “home team for providing an AED. of the golf or swim event is responsible OTHER ACTIVITIES 10. Do band events , such as marching in a parade, require an AED? If a district/ school determine s that band events, including m arching in a parade, are athletic AED event n the district/school must make an s, the “accessible” and “within reasonable proximity.” Districts /schools may consider , in establishing and implementing their emergency

4 action plan s for responding to a sudden cardiac event a staff member who is trained in , having -certified CPR and the use of an AED present at these events, or, alternatively, having a State emergency service provider or other certified first responder present . 11. Is an AED required on field trips? The law i that do not involve an athletic event . However, when s silent regarding field trips establishing and implementing its emergency action plan for responding to a sudden cardiac should event of an AED on field trips . , a district/school consider how to address the accessibility activity -level involved (i.e., climbing Factors to consider include, but are not limited to: the nument as opposed to sitting in a theatre) , the location steps of a tall mo (remote of the field trip or , and whether a student(s) with a history of within reasonable proximity to first responders) , is attending the field trip If a student has an cardiac arrhythmia, such as Long QT Syndrome . Individualized Health Care Plan and an Individualized Emergency Health Care Plan which a student to have an AED available at all times, then an AED must be available on the requires field trip. Must a district/school provide access to an AED, pursuant to Janet’s Law, when an 12. requests permission to use the district/school’s facilities outside group ? In accordance with Janet’s Law, an AED must be accessible when a “school -sponsored athletic event or team practice is taking place in which pupils of the district or nonpublic school are participating . outside group, and the ” As such, if a district/school’s facilities are used by an is school -sponsored or associated with the district/school, and the pupils of the event not trict/school are not participating, the law does not require the district/school to make an AE D dis accessible to the outside group and its participants . Although outside groups are not required by be advisable for these groups Janet’s Law to make an AED accessible to its participants, it may and to have someone present who is trained in CPR and use of an AED or, to bring an AED alternatively, certified emergency services provider or other certified first responder have a State- on site , especially if the outside group is engaged in an athletic event . Districts/schools can also permit outside groups to utilize their AED(s) if it becomes necessary. 13. Must a district/school provide access to an AED, pursuant to Janet’s Law, if its facilities are open and available (e.g., a tennis court) ? for use by the general public In accordance with the Janet’s Law -sponsored , an AED must be accessible when a “school athletic event or team practice is taking place in which pupils of the district or nonpublic school are participating . ” As such, if a district/school’s facilities are open and available for use by the general public, and the event is not school -sponsored or associated with the district/ school , and the pupils of the district/school are not participating , the law does not require the district/school to make an AED accessible to the general public . s:\shss unit \school health\ sudden cardiac death \final qa janet's law 8 -14- 14.docx

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