2017 2018 Bluebook Complete

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1 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 2017-2018 Published by SECRETARY OF STATE LAWERENCE DENNEY for the STATE OF IDAHO

2 Idaho Blue Book The is distributed free of charge to Idaho Blue Book libraries, schools and government agencies in Idaho. For all others the cost is $10.00 per copy. 1969–1970 First Edition Second Edition 1971–1972 Third Edition 1973–1974 Fourth Edition 1975–1976 1977–1978 Fifth Edition Sixth Edition 1979–1980 1981–1982 Seventh Edition Eighth Edition 1983–1986 Ninth Edition 1987–1988 Tenth Edition 1989–1990 Eleventh Edition 1991–1992 Twelfth Edition 1993–1994 Thirteenth Edition 1995–1996 1997–1998 Fourteenth Edition 1999–2000 Fifteenth Edition Sixteenth Edition 2001–2002 Seventeenth Edition 2003–2004 Eighteenth Edition 2005–2006 Nineteenth Edition 2007–2008 Twentieth Edition 2009–2010 Twenty-First Edition 2011–2012 Twenty-Second Edition 2013–2014 Twenty-Third Edition 2015–2016 Twenty-Fourth Edition 2017–2018 Printed by The Caxton Printers, Ltd., Caldwell, Idaho Suggested APA Citation: Harvey, J. (Ed.). (2017). Idaho Blue Book (24th ed., p. #). Boise, Idaho: Idaho Secretary of State. ii

3 Table of Contents Dedication by Secretary of State Denney iv ... ... Preface vii Chapter One - Profile ... 1 Symbols, Geography, Congressional Delegation, Holidays, Climate, License Plates, Song, Emblems, Idaho Day, State Seal, Capitol Tour, Chronological History ... 45 Chapter Two - Federal Government Qualifications, District Map, Senators, Representatives, Historical Roster ... 55 Chapter Three - Executive Branch Organizational Chart, Qualifications, Elected Officials, Historical Roster ... 151 Chapter Four - Legislative Branch Senate and House membership, legislative districts, committee membership, legislative services, roster of former members ... 247 Chapter Five - Judicial Branch Judicial districts, administrative office, law library, judicial council, judges, supreme court justices Chapter Six - County Government 267 ... Population, county seat, officials and addresses, year established, land area, origin of county names Chapter Seven - Elections ... 293 Party officials, voter qualifications, voting information, Sunshine Law information, abstract of votes ... 315 Chapter Eight - Education State Board of Education, endowment funds, land grants, state colleges and universities, independent colleges Chapter Nine - Media ... ...335 Newspapers, radio, television, news services Chapter Ten - Economy ... 349 Labor force and wages, taxation, economy and industry ... 363 Chapter Eleven - Demographics Population of counties and cities, population statistics Chapter Twelve - Recreation ... 397 State parks, national forests, parks, monuments, recreation areas, wilderness areas, wild and scenic rivers, natural areas and landmarks, national wildlife areas, national historic landmarks, hunting and fishing, Appendix ... 443 National Secretaries of State, zip codes and post offices in Idaho 451 Index ... iii

4 SECRETARY OF STATE DEDICATION Dear Fellow Idahoans: It is my pleasure to dedicate this edition of the Idaho Blue Book to Linden B. Bateman of Idaho Falls. Linden Bateman is a husband, father, grandfather, teacher, political cartoonist, author, legislator, statesman, and lover of all things Idaho. He began his romance with history at the age of 7 when his mother, on a family outing, found and gave him an arrowhead fashioned by Idaho’s original residents. He clutched it so tightly throughout the drive home that his hand perspired and cramped. Linden thus learned first-hand that artifacts can inspire a love for history. Over the years, he has given hundreds of arrowheads and buffalo nickels to children. My own grandchildren received one of his business cards with a buffalo nickel attached while visiting the legislature. Linden is a man who loves Idaho with a passion and has dedicated his life to education and service. Linden graduated in 1962 from Brigham Young University with a degree in Political Science. He retired after 43 years as a public school teacher, teaching Government and World History, and was later a student teacher supervisor for ISU and BYU-I. Linden served his first term in the House of Representatives in 1977 and retired from the House in 2016. Linden Bateman has spent his life promoting history. He is a charter member of the Bonneville Historical Society, having chaired the committee that established the first historical museum in Bonneville County. He served as a member of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission and has received the Liberty Bell Award* from the Seventh District Lawyers Association. Also a champion for cursive writing, Linden Bateman believes that much of history will be lost to future generations if they are unable to read the writings of our original documents. Linden will tell you one of his greatest achievements in Idaho government has been his role in helping make Idahoans more aware of the state’s heritage by authoring and helping to pass House Bill 378 in 2014, which recognizes March 4 as “Idaho Day.” It is not only a day that marks the day Abraham Lincoln declared the Territory of Idaho, but also a day to celebrate Idaho’s continuously emerging culture and history. I want to thank Linden Bateman for redesigning the Declaration of Election document issued from this office. The first newly designed documents were issued after the 2016 general election. Linden and his wife Deann have three children and, at last count, eight grandchildren. Sincerely, Lawerence Denney Secretary of State *The Liberty Bell Award is the bar’s highest honor awarded to a non-lawyer. It recognizes those who have given outstanding service by giving their time and energy to strengthen the effectiveness of the American system of freedom under law, in keeping with the spirit of our constitution. Thank you to David Leroy for his help in putting this information together. iv

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7 PREFACE is published biennially under the direction of the Secretary Idaho Blue Book The of State. This twenty-fourth edition offers constitutional, historical, and statistical information about Idaho. It also details the structure of Idaho’s government and includes biographies of elected officials. The Blue Book received its name not from the color of its cover but rather by definition of content. Bartlett’s Dictionary of Americanisms defines the term Blue Book as “a printed book containing the names of all persons holding office under the Government of the United States. It answers the Red Book of England.” Individual states have taken this concept and expanded it to include a wealth of information about state officials and resources as well as statistical and historical profiles. This office strives for the greatest accuracy possible with this type of publication. However, because of the constant changes, some information contained within the section on Governor’s Appointments is out of date even as this book is being printed. To make this edition of the Idaho Blue Book possible required the assistance of many people throughout local, county, and state government. Their help has been indispensable. You know who you are, and I thank you for all of the help and support. With the inclusion of “Idaho Day,” I decided that the theme for this edition should be preserving Idaho’s history. I would like to thank Janet Gallimore, Executive Director of the Idaho State Historical Society, and especially Tricia Canaday, the State Historic Preservation Outreach Historian, for offering their time and resources to make this edition possible. Laura Weston, though she is not of Idaho, also played a big part in preparing this book. Her love, support, and interest in all things historical cannot be overstated. Thank you, Laura. This is my final edition of the Idaho Blue Book. As I move on to another adventure in my life, in another state, I will always think of Idaho fondly. It is a place of beauty, and I will miss its magnificent spendor. I’m also grateful to know that I’ve played a small part in shaping Idaho’s history, hopefully for the better. Thank you, Idaho, and farewell. I hope that you find the Idaho Blue Book to be an interesting and useful resource on the State of Idaho. Sincerely, Jeffrey S. Harvey Editor vii

8 Preserving Idaho’s Historic Places In this year’s Blue Book, many of the photos depict locations that are listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). The NRHP is the official list of properties that are considered important in our past, and are worthy of preservation. But why should we bother preserving? Think about the buildings in your community. Which stand out? Which are the properties that draw your eye as you drive down the street? The places in town that everyone knows? There’s a good chance they are historic buildings. Historic buildings make each community unique and give us a sense of place and belonging by connecting us to our past. These are the places that make us all feel a little sense of ownership, even though we don’t actually own them ourselves: the big house on the edge of town; the neighborhood grocery; the town library. Even though we don’t always think about it until it’s too late, they are the places that, when we lose them, change our communities. They’re part of the fabric of our lives and they are irreplaceable. But historic preservation is also an economic driver. History and historic sites are one of the top tourism draws in Idaho and in the U.S. People travel to have new experiences, so they seek out those sites unique to the places they visit. Preserving a community’s historic resources makes sense because it can help to draw visitors and stimulate the local economy. The Idaho State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) – part of the Idaho State Historical Society - administers several programs that promote historic preservation and bring value to communities throughout the state. The SHPO manages the National Register program, assisting property owners to gain the honor of recognition. The Certified Local Government program offers annual grants to communities and counties, and provides them technical assistance to pursue their own preservation priorities. The SHPO administers the Federal Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit program, working with owners of income-producing properties to secure federal income tax credits for the rehabilitation work they do on their historic properties. These projects, like the renovation of the Owyhee Hotel in Boise, help revitalize downtowns throughout Idaho by providing financial incentive to reuse the iconic buildings of our Main Streets. In addition, the SHPO consults with federal agencies on their projects in Idaho, giving local voice to federal action. Through the Section 106 process, the SHPO consults on approximately 1,500 federal projects a year, ensuring that consideration is given to Idaho’s cultural resources in the federal decision-making process. Countless irreplaceable archaeological sites and historic buildings have been preserved through these efforts. The SHPO also offers outreach and education programs, including Idaho Archaeology and Historic Preservation Month activities each May, and has been a leader in creating new knowledge regarding Idaho’s past though collaborative projects like the Bear River Massacre archeological mapping project, that has given us a better understanding of the tragic events of 1863. For more information on historic preservation in Idaho, or any of these programs, visit our website at: https://history.idaho.gov or contact the ISHS Administration Office at 208-334-2682, or the SHPO at 208-488-7460. Text courtesy of Tricia Canaday, State Historic Presercation Office Outreach Historian viii

9 Photographs of Idaho’s Historic Places Idaho has over 1,000 National Register listings, comprised of over 5,500 buildings, sites, structures, objects and districts. Clearly, we cannot include them all, but you can see some of them on the pages listed below. Union Pacific Mainline Depot...x, 306, 422 Idaho State Capitol Building ...21–23, 28, 165, 293 Twin Falls Milling and Elevator...43 Hagarman State Park Cook Shelter...54 Northern Pacific Railway Depot...57 Owsley Bridge...72, 307 Proctor Mountain Ski Lift...87 Salmon Falls Dam...123 Intermountain Institute...128 J.N. Ireland Bank...136 Beardmore Block...140 Chesterfield Meeting House...141 Potlatch Depot...149 Old Idaho State Penitentiary...150 Lemhi County Courthuse...150 American Women’s League Chapter House...177 Wilson Theatre...201 Twin Falls Canal Company...245 St. James Church...246 Arco Baptist Community Church...246 Power County Courthouse...261 Weiser Star Theater...266 Madison County Courthouse...267 Bayhorse Ore Mill...269 Guffey Bridge...306 Ririe Pegram Truss Railroad Bridge...314 Shoshone Union Pacific Depot...314 Glenns Ferry School...334 Nampa Depot...335 White Bird Battlefield...338 Payette City Hall...341 St. Gertrude’s Convent and Chapel...344 Jerome Cooperative Creamery...348 Ernest Hemingway House...355 Hagerman State Bank...360 Eastern Idaho Fairgrounds...361 Fort Sherman Officer’s Quarters...383 North Fork Payette River Bridge (Rainbow Bridge)...387 Col. E.M. Heigho House...396 Silver City Masonic Temple...410 Idaho Falls City Building...414 Boundary County Courthouse...425 Cataldo Mission...436 State Bank of Kamiah...442 Franklin Cooperative Mercantile Institution...442 Orofino Post Office...447 To see a complete list of Idaho’s National Register listings visit: https://history.idaho.gov/listings-county ix

10 Union Pacific Mainline Depot Photo Courtesy of Jeff Harvey x

11 Idaho Profile

12 Idaho Facts Name: Originally suggested for Colorado, the name “Idaho” was used for a steamship which traveled the Columbia River. With the discovery of gold on the Clearwater River in 1860, the diggings began to be called the Idaho mines. “Idaho” is a coined or invented word, and is not a derivation of an Indian phrase “E Dah Hoe (How)” supposedly meaning “gem of the mountains.” Nickname: The “Gem State” “Esto Perpetua” (Let it be perpetual) Motto: 1805, the last of the 50 states to be sighted Discovered By Europeans: Organized as Territory: March 4, 1863, act signed by President Lincoln July 3, 1890, 43rd state to join the Union Entered Union: Official State Language: English Geography Total – 14th in area size (read more ) Area: 83,569 square miles Water Area: 926 square miles 12,662 feet above sea level at the summit of Mt. Bor ah, C ust Highest Elevation: er County in the Lost River Range Lowest Elevation: 770 feet above sea level at the Snake River at Lewiston Length: 164/479 miles at shortest/longest point eographic Width: G 45/305 miles at narrowest/widest point Center: Number of settlement of Custer on the Yankee Fork Rive r, Custer County Lakes: Navigable more than 2,000 Rivers: Largest Snake, Coeur d’Alene, St. Joe, St. Maries and Kootenai Lake: Lake Pend Oreille, 180 square miles Temperature Extremes: highest, 118° at Orofino July 28, 1934; lowest, -60° at Island Park Dam, January 18, 1943 (US Census Bureau) 2010 Population: 1,567,582 Official State Holidays ’s Day New Year January 1 Martin Luther King, Jr.-Human Rights Day Third Monday in January Presidents Day Third Monday in February Memorial Day Last Monday in May July 4 Independence Day Labor Day First Monday in September Columbus Day Second Monday in October Veterans Day November 11 Thanksgiving Day Fourth Thursday in November Christmas December 25 Every day appointed by the President of the United States, or by the governor of this state, for a public fast, thanksgiving, or holiday. Any legal holiday that falls on Saturday, the preceding Friday shall be a holiday and any legal holiday enumerated herein other than Sunday that falls on Sunday, the following Monday shall be a holiday. Section 73-108, Idaho Code. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 2

13 Idaho Profile Climate climate is diverse. It is influenced by Pacific weather patterms, which help Idaho’s moderate temperature extremes. Generally, the northern part of the state has greater precipitation than either southwestern or southeastern Idaho. The southern part of the state has warmer summer temperatures than the north and is drier throughout the year. Southeastern Idaho, however, tends to be cooler than the west and drier than the north. Idaho’s growing season varies from about 200 days near the city of Lewiston to very brief at high altitudes. Idaho has no hurricanes, and tornadoes are extremely rare. Winds may accompany cold fronts and thunderstorms, but hail damage in the state is very small compared to that which occurs in the central United States. Geographically representative climate examples are: July A vg Mean July A Annual Mean Jan A vg Afternoon vg Elevation Precipitation Snowfall High T emp Low T emp Humidity 90.2 12.1 in. 21.3 in. 21.6 22% 2,840 Boise 2,158 25.9 in. 52.2 in. 85.4 23.3 34% Coeur d’Alene 86.0 10.9 in. 37.5 in. 4,730 10.0 25% Idaho Falls 19.8 in. 1,440 12.4 in. Lewiston 89.0 27.6 34% Pocatello 12.1 in. 47.2 in. 88.1 14.4 38% 4,450 85.0 10.4 in. 31.3 in. 18.6 27% Twin Falls 3,670 Idaho At A Glance , Idaho Department of Commerce Source: Automobile License Plates impressive Idaho potato that filled the entire d its first The state of Idaho issue plate. The 1940 plate commemorated 50 plates in 1913, with the price determined YEARS OF STATEHOOD, and by the value of the vehicle. from 1941 to 1946 the words There were only 2,083 SCENIC IDAHO appeared plates issued that year (each on Idaho plates. 1947 plates vehicle receiving a single proclaimed the state a plate). Motorcycles were not VACATION WONDERLAND! issued an actual license plate. The 1948 plate highlighted Instead, the owners simply our most famous product as WORLD painted their registry number, state, and FAMOUS POTATOES. In 1953 and 1956, year of manufacture on the rear mud guard. the slogan was modified to read WORLD In 1917, motorcyclists received their first FAMOUS POTATO, but was shortened to actual motorcycle plates. Back then, if a FAMOUS POTATOES in 1957. license plate was lost, the motorist could isplaying Idaho’s passion for the D purchase a blank replacement plate that outdoors, and skiing in particular, the 1947 was flat where the numbers would typically plate featured a ski jumper. But in 1948 be embossed. The owner could then hand and 1949, the famous potato returned, paint the license plate number in the flat this time in the form of a decal, complete area. Perhaps that is where Idaho’s creative with a pat of butter. From 1958 through license plate designs first began. Idaho has a long history of creative 1968 the plates alternated between a plate designs, in fact, it pioneered the green background with white letters to a concept. In 1928, Idaho became the first white background with green letters. From state in the nation to feature a graphic on 1968 through 1990, the standard plate a license plate by proudly displaying an format had a white background with green CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 3

14 lettering. The award-winning 1991 issue Motorcycle, Pearl Harbor Survivor, Former (a modification of the optional Centennial Prisoner of War, Armed Forces Reserve, plate) really showed the capabilities of Agriculture, Appaloosa, Boy Scouts of modern vinyl graphic technique, featuring America, Capitol Commission, Collegiate, a panoramic scene of pine trees and Corvette, Famous Potatoes, Firefighter, mountains under a blazing red Idaho sky. Historic Lewiston, Lewis and Clark, Police The following types of license plates Officer Memorial, Motorcycle Safety, are available in Idaho: Scenic Idaho, School Transportation Safety Awareness, Centennial, Radio Amateur, Classic, Snowmobile, Snowskier, Sawtooth, Timber, Motorcycle, Purple Heart, National Guard, Youth, White Water Rafting, Wildlife - U.S. Military Veteran, Old Timer, Street Bluebird, Trout and Elk. Source: Idaho Motor Vehicle Division itd.idaho. Rod, Medal of Honor, Military Veteran gov/dmv/ Automobile License Prefixes by County Ada 1A 2M 10B Gem 1G Minidoka Butte Nez Perce 2G Gooding 1C Camas Adams 2A N I 1O Oneida Idaho 2C Canyon Bannock 1B Bear Lake 2O Owyhee 1J 3C Caribou 2B Jefferson 1P Benewah 3B Cassia 4C Jerome 2J Payette 2P K 5C Clark 4B Bingham Power Kootenai Shoshone Blaine 5B Clearwater 6C Latah S 1L 2L Boise 6B Custer 7C Lemhi 1T Teton 3L Lewis E Elmore 7B Bonner 2T Tw i n Fa l l s State Song The music for the Idaho state song, This song won the annual University composed by Sallie Hume Douglas, was prize for that year, and eventually became copyrighted on November 4, 1915, under the University alma mater. Albert J. the title “Garden of Paradise.” In 1917, Tompkins, Director of Music in the Boise McKinley Helm, a student at the University Public Schools, wrote a set of verses for of Idaho, wrote the verse which became the the song. In 1931, the 21st Session of the chorus of the Idaho State song, and Alice Idaho legislature designated “Here We Bessee set the words to the music. The Have Idaho,” previously known at the song was popular then, and Alice Bessee University of Idaho as “Our Idaho,” as the had no idea of its origin. Idaho state song. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 4

15 Idaho Profile HERE WE HAVE IDAHO Verses by: ALBERT J. TOMPKINS Chorus by: MCKINLEY HELM Music by: SALLIE HUME-DOUGLAS You’ve heard of the wonders our land does possess, There’s only one state in this great land of ours, It’s beautiful valleys and hills; Where ideals can be realized; The pioneers made it so for you and me. The majestic forests where nature abounds, A legacy we’ll always prize. We love every nook and rill. CHORUS And here we have Idaho, Singing, we’re singing of you Ah, proudly too, All our lives thru, Winning her way to fame; Silver and gold in the sunlight blaze, W e’ll go singing, singing of you, And romance lies in her name; Singing of Idaho. CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 5

16 Idaho State Emblems State Amphibian took five years for fourteen-year-old Ilah It Hickman to successfully lobby for the Idaho giant salamander (Dicamptodon aterrimus) to become the official state amphibian, which the legislature adopted as of July 1, 2015. As the name suggests, the Idaho Giant Salamander is the largest salamander found in the state of Idaho, where it lives almost exclusively. Over their lifetime, these salamanders will metamorphose from a larva to a terrestrial adult, or will mature into an adult but retain the larval form, such as keeping their gills. This is known as paedomorphism. They have robust bodies and heads and can grow to lengths of 33cm (~13 in). Terrestrial forms of the Idaho Giant Salamander have a marbled pattern of dark spots or blotches on a tan or copper ground color. However, larval forms are a solid dark gray color. Idaho Giant Salamanders are generally found in moist coniferous forests. The transformed adults are secretive and seldom found in the open, but can be found in moist areas such as under logs and bark. Adults breed in headwaters and mountain streams, and the larvae may remain in these habitats their whole lives. Description courtesy of Dr. John Cossel and Ilah Hickman State Bird Mountain Bluebird The Sialia arctcia ( ) was adopted as the state bird for Idaho by the legislature in 1931. The Bluebird is 6 to 7 inches long and is a member of the Thrush family. Male Bluebirds are a pale sky blue over most of their body, darker on their back. Females are blue-grey with blue wings and tail, duller than the male. Juvenile birds have blue wings with the tail area duller than the adult male, a white eye ring and spotted underparts. Mountain Bluebirds live in open grasslands and nest in holes in trees, crevices and nesting boxes. They have a zig-zagging flight pattern that easily identifies them. Photo courtesy of: Jack Trueblood IDAHO BLUE BOOK 6

17 Idaho Profile State Dance square dance designated the The 1989 legislature as the American Folk Dance of Idaho. Two of the most commonly cited ancestors to modern square dance are the English Morris dance and the French Quadrille. It is the Quadrille that most point to as the grand-daddy of our modern square dance. One of the earliest records of this type of dance in America is contained in the works of John Playford, a musician and dancing master. His book, “The English Dancing Master - Plaine and Easy Rules for the Dancing of Country Dances, with Tunes to Each Dance” was published in seventeen editions between 1650 and 1728 and contained 918 dances. As the pioneers moved westward, many of the dances were lost or forgotten, but many were preserved, particularly in the southern Appalachians where the running set established itself as one of the deep taproots of western square dance. The running set even had a State F ish T he Cutthroat Trout was designated the state fish by the 1990 legislature. The Cutthroat, along with the Rainbow and Bull Trout, is native to Idaho. The body color varies with the back ranging from steel gray to olive green. The sides may be yellow brown with red or pink along the belly. The Cutthroat name comes from the distinctive red to orange slash on the underside of its lower jaw. The scientific name for Cutthroat Trout, is in reference to William Clark who first described in detail the Oncorhynchus clarki, Cutthroats of the Columbia River. His partner Meriwether Lewis earlier encountered Cutthroats near the great falls of Montana’s Missouri River in July of 1805. Cutthroat species found in Idaho are the Westslope Cutthroat which is found in northern and central Idaho and the Yellowstone Cutthroat which is found in southeastern Idaho. State Flag A silk flag, with a blue field, 5 feet 6 inches fly, 4 feet 4 inches on pike is bordered by gilt fringe 2 ½ inches wide, with the Great Seal of Idaho in the center. The words “State of Idaho” are embroidered in gold block letters two inches high on a red band below the Great Seal. Adopted by the 1907 legislature. CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 7

18 State Flower ( The Syringa Philadelphus lewisii ) was designated the state flower of Idaho by the legislature in 1931. The species name honors Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis & Clark expedition. Lewis wrote of the plant in his journal. It is a branching shrub growing 3 to 10 feet tall, with clusters of white, fragrant flowers. The blossoms are similar to the mock orange. It grows in open coniferous forests, at forest edge and in moist draws in drier regions providing good coverage for wildlife. Native Americans used its branches for bows, arrows and cradles. State Fossil Hagerman Horse 1988 legislature designated the The Fossil as the official state fossil. Originally described as Plesippus shoshonensis , subsequent research found that the Hagerman horse is the same as a previously described , making Equus simplicidens species and it is now known as it the earliest-known representative of the modern horse genus Equus . It is now believed to be more closely related to the living Grevy’s Zebra in Africa than to horses. A rich fossil bed 3.5 million years old, which has yielded over 130 complete horse skeletons, was discovered in the 1920s near Hagerman and is said to be the best known Pleistocene-epoch fossil site in the world. State Fruit Several huckleberry species are native to Vaccinium section Idaho, all belonging to genus Myrtillus . The most common and popular is the black or thin-leaved huckleberry ( Vaccinium . Plants grow slowly, taking up to membranaceum) 15 years to reach full maturity. Black huckleberries produce single plump, dark purple berries in the axils of leaves on new shoots. They depend on an insulating cover of snow for survival during winter and have not been successfully grown commercially. Black huckleberries grow at elevations between 2,000 and 11,000 feet with many productive colonies between 4,000 and 6,000 feet. Black huckleberries usually grow from 1 to 6 feet tall and produce berries up to 1/2 inch in diameter. Huckleberries are a favorite food of bears. Photo courtesy of: Danny L. Barney, Ph.D., University of Idaho IDAHO BLUE BOOK 8

19 Idaho Profile State Gem Adopted Idaho Star by the 1967 legislature, the Garnet is known worldwide by collectors. Garnets are complex silicates, related to Quartz, and found almost exclusively in Idaho in Latah and Benewah counties. Star Garnets are a natural stone, not synthetically produced. Star Garnets are more rare than either Star Rubies or Star Sapphires. Normally the star in the Idaho Garnet has four rays, but occasionally one has six rays as in a Sapphire. The color is usually dark purple or plum and the star seems to glide or float across the dark surface. The star is caused by intrusions of the mineral rutile. State Horse istorians believe the Nez Perce and H Palouse tribes of Washington, Oregon and Idaho were the first tribes to breed horses for specific traits - intelligence, speed and endurance. White settlers call these horses “Palouse horses.” Over time they came to be referred to as “a Palousey” and the “Appalousey.” During the Nez Perce War of 1877, Appaloosa horses helped the non-treaty Nez Perce, under the guidance of Chief Joseph, elude the U.S. Calvary for several months. The coloring of the Appaloosa coat is distinct in every individual horse and ranges from white blanketed hips to a full leopard. Adopted by the 1975 legislature. State Insect Danaus The Monarch Butterfly ( plexippus ) was adopted as the state insect by the state legislature in 1992. Early settlers to North America from Europe, particularly those from Holland and England, named the butterfly “Monarch,” after King William, Prince of Orange, stateholder of Holland and later named King of England. The monarchs’ color suggested the name. The Monarch Butterfly is a great migrator, traveling many miles during its lifetime, which can be from a few weeks up to a year. Monarchs range in mass from .25 to .75 grams (a dime has a mass of 2.3 grams). Males are usually larger than females. Female Monarchs lay eggs on the underside of milkweed plants. The larvae then feed on the plants. Monarchs go through a complete metamorphosis in 3 to 6 weeks. Photo courtesy of: Faye Sutherland, Boise CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 9

20 State Raptor The ) was Falco peregrinus ( Peregrine Falcon adopted as the state raptor for Idaho by the legislature in 2004. The scientific name comes from the Latin words falco, meaning hook-shaped (falcate) and may refer to the beak or claws, and peregrinus, meaning to wander. Peregrines have also been called Duck Hawk, Great- footed Hawk, and Wandering Falcon. The Peregrine Falcon has a body length of 15 - 20 inches, a 3 1/2 foot wingspan, and weighs 1 1/4 - 2 3/4 pounds. The Peregrine Falcon has one of the most global distributions of any bird of prey. This falcon is found on every continent except Antarctica, and lives in a wide variety of habitats from tropics, deserts, and maritime to the tundra, and from sea level to 12,000 feet. Peregrines are highly migratory in the northern part of their range. Boise is home to the World Center for Birds of Prey, The Peregrine Fund’s world headquarters. Visit them on the web at www.peregrinefund.org/world.html or visit in person at the Velma Morrison Interpretive Center. State Tree e Th Western White Pine ( Pinus Monticola ), our state tree, is probably most pinaceae notable since the largest remaining volume of this timber in the United States grows in the northern part of Idaho. White Pine has many fine qualities such as straight grain and soft even texture. Idaho’s state tree grows to 175 feet with a trunk diameter from 5 to 8 feet. The largest western white pine in the world stands 219 ft. high near Elk River, Idaho. Adopted by the 1935 legislature. According to the legislative bill, it was promoted by “members of Ellen Wright Camp, Franklin County Chapter, Daughters of Pioneers.” Photo courtesy of: Idaho Forest Products Commission State V egetable Id aho’s unique environment provides nearly . The soil, potatoes perfect growing conditions for water, clean air and climate in Idaho contribute to those consistently high-quality potatoes that have made Idaho famous for so many years. Idaho’s rich volcanic soil is ideally suited for potatoes. Warm, sunny days, cool nights and water from melting snow in nearby mountains make the perfect combination for growing the world’s best potatoes. Photo/description courtesy: Idaho Potato Commission IDAHO BLUE BOOK 10

21 Idaho Profile History of the Great Seal of the State Seal for Idaho Territory 1863 No official record remains of the adoption of the first Great Seal of Idaho when it became a territory in 1863. The design is attributed to Silas D. Cochran, a clerk in the office of the Secretary of State. Idaho’s Final Seal Before Statehood 1890 Dissatisfaction with the official seal caused Governor Caleb Lyon to present a seal of his own design which was accepted by the Idaho Territorial Legislature on January 11, 1866. This, too, was controversial and was redrawn several times. Nevertheless, it was used until Idaho became a state in 1890. State Seal Now in Use In 1957, the thirty-fourth session of the Idaho legislature authorized the updating and improvement of the Great Seal in order to more clearly define Idaho’s main industries, mining, agriculture and forestry as well as highlight the state’s natural beauty. Paul B. Evans and the Caxton Printers, Ltd. were commissioned to revise the seal. This painting by Paul B. Evans officially replaced the original design by Emma Edwards Green and is designated as the “Official Copy.” The official Great Seal of the State of Idaho can be seen in the office of the Secretary of State. Only Great Seal Designed by a Woman Idaho became a state on July 3, 1890 visit turned into a lifelong stay, for she fell in love with the charming city and its and that same summer a talented young people and opened art classes where the woman came to the state capitol at Boise to young pioneers of the community learned visit relatives. Emma Sarah Etine Edwards to paint. Shortly after her classes started, (later she married mining man James G. Green) was the daughter of she was invited to enter a design for the Great Seal of John C. Edwards, a former the State of Idaho. Governor of Missouri (1844- Acting on Concurrent 48) who had emigrated to Resolution No. 1, adopted Stockton, California where by the First Legislature he acquired large land of the newest state in the holdings, a beautiful French union, a committee was Creole wife, Emma Catherine appointed from that body Richards, and became and instructed to offer a prize Mayor of Stockton, in about of one hundred dollars for that order. Emma, eldest the best design submitted. of a family of eight, was Artists from all over the exceptionally well educated country entered the competition, but the for a woman of that period and when she unanimous winner was young Emma dropped into Boise, it was on her way home Edwards, who became the first and only from a year spent at art school in New York. , what was to be a very short However woman to design the Great Seal of a CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 11

22 nephew, Darell B. Edwards, a distinguished State. She was handed the honorarium by Governor Norman B. Willey on March 5, Oakland attorney. Ralph Edwards of “This 1891. The state flag also carries the seal is Your Life,” also a nephew, shows a valid centered on a deep blue background. artistic strain flourished in the Edwards family. Mrs. Green died in Boise January 6, Emma Edwards Green had no children 1942. She was buried beside her husband of her own, but assisted in rearing a The Idaho State Seal By Emma Edwards Green Before designing the seal, I was husbandman plowing on the left side careful to make a thorough study of the of the shield, together with the sheaf of resources and future possibilities of the grain beneath the shield, are emblematic State. I invited the advice and counsel of of Idaho’s agricultural resources, while the every member of the Legislature and other cornucopias, or horns of plenty, refer to the citizens qualified to help in creating a Seal horticultural. Idaho has a game law, which of State that really represented Idaho at protects the elk and moose. The elk’s head, that time. Idaho had been admitted into therefore, rises above the shield. The state the Union on July 3rd, 1890. flower, the wild Syringa or Mock The first state Legislature met in Orange, grows at the woman’s Boise on December 8, 1890, and feet, while the ripened wheat on March 14th, 1891, adopted grows as high as her shoulder. my design for the Great Seal of The star signifies a new light the State of Idaho. in the galaxy of states. . . . The question of Woman The river depicted in the shield is our Suffrage was being agitated mighty Snake or Shoshone River, somewhat, and as leading men a stream of great majesty. gard to the coloring of In re and politicians agreed that Idaho the emblems used in the making would eventually give women the of the Great Seal of the State of Idaho, my right to vote, and as mining was the chief principal desire was to use such colors as industry, and the mining man the largest would typify pure Americanism and the financial factor of the state at that time, history of the State. As Idaho was a virgin I made the figure of the man the most state, I robed my goddess in white and prominent in the design, while that of the made the liberty cap on the end of the woman, signifying justice, as noted by the spear the same color. In representing the scales; liberty, as denoted by the liberty miner, I gave him the garb of the period cap on the end of the spear, and equality suggested by such mining authorities with man as denoted by her position at his as former United States Senator George side, also signifies freedom. The pick and Shoup, of Idaho, former Governor Norman shovel held by the miner, and the ledge of B. Willey of Idaho, former Governor James rock beside which he stands, as well as the H. Hawley of Idaho, and other mining men pieces of ore scattered about his feet, all and early residents of the state who knew indicate the chief occupation of the State. intimately the usual garb of the miner. The stamp mill in the distance, which you Almost unanimously they said, “Do not can see by using a magnifying glass, is also put the miner in a red shirt.” “Make the typical of the mining interest of Idaho. shirt a grayish brown,” said Captain J.J. The shield between the man and woman Wells, chairman of the Seal Committee. is emblematic of the protection they unite The “Light of the Mountains” is typified by in giving the state. The large fir or pine the rosy glow which precedes the sunrise. tree in the foreground in the shield refers to Idaho’s immense timber interests. The IDAHO BLUE BOOK 12

23 Idaho Profile The Lewis and Clark Trail Across Idaho Lewis and Clark led an expedition early winter snow blocked their passage. from St. Louis in 1804 to explore the Not long after he crossed into Idaho, headwaters of the Missouri, which through Lewis succeeded in making contact with the Louisiana Purchase had just become the Lemhi Shoshoni, who agreed to come part of the United States. Their purpose with their horses to move the expedition’s was to take boats as far as they could supplies across to Salmon River. When up the Missouri, and then to cross the Lewis’ detachment and the Shoshoni band Continental Divide to the Columbia. At got back to the main expedition, they that time, no white man had seen Idaho, discovered that Sacajawea, their Shoshoni which was in the unexplored southern interpreter who had been captured in 1800 Columbia interior that belonged to no one. by other Indians and taken east, was a (Or at least if anyone had seen Idaho, he member of that same Lemhi band, which did not bother to say much about it.) So, now was led by her brother. While Lewis when four members of the expedition, and the main expedition were hauling their including Meriwether Lewis, ascended the equipment over the Continental Divide, Continental Divide, August 12, 1805, and Clark and a few men went ahead to see if reached the region later known as Idaho, the expedition could expect to build boats the story of the white man in Idaho began. and float down the Salmon. He did not Lewis and Clark had expected to have to go too far into the canyon to tell pack their gear across the divide between that it was far rougher than any country navigable waters of the Missouri and of he had ever seen—and the Indians assured the Columbia with little difficulty. In this him that he had seen nothing yet in the way they were disappointed. The mountains of of rugged canyons. So Lewis and Clark Idaho turned out to be the major obstacle had to trade for Shoshoni horses and to in their entire journey, and they were go north 160 miles to the Lolo Trail over fortunate indeed to get through before a route that an elderly Shoshoni guide CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 13

24 led them. Then, when they reached Lolo Missouri to the head of navigation on the Columbia, and that a road could be built to Pass on September 13, 1805, they found connect the two, they had not found a very that they had made a great unnecessary detour to the south in searching out the practical early route across Idaho—at least headwaters of the Missouri. But, at last in comparison with other routes that soon they were on their way to the Columbia. were discovered. But they had established Early winter snow made the trip over friendly contact with the Indians of north the Lolo Trail a hard one. And lack of and south Idaho, and had prepared the way game reduced them to eating horses for for the fur trade which was to bring white subsistence part of the time. Eventually, explorers to all parts of Idaho. though, Clark’s advance party reached REFERENCES FOR ADDITIONAL a Nez Perce village on Weippe prairie, READING: September 20, and obtained three horse Thwaites, Reuben Gold, editor loads of salmon and roots to send back to Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark the main expedition. Then, upon reaching the forks of the Clearwater below Orofino, Expedition, 1804-1806 (New York: Dodd, Mead, & Company, the party made dugout canoes and floated 1904), 7 volumes. down to Snake River, the Columbia, and De Voto, Bernard Augustin, editor, The finally to the Pacific before winter set in. Journals of Lewis and Clark Returning across the Lolo Trail in the spring of 1806 proved to be difficult. After (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1953), 504 pages. A condensation recovering the horses which they had left in care of the Nez Perce Indians for the winter, . of the Original Journals (Garden the impatient explorers had to camp for a Fisher, Vardis, Tale of Valor month or more near Kamiah waiting for City, New York: Doubleday & the snow to melt on the upper trail, and Company, 1958), 456 pages. Gass, Patrick, then they started off too soon. Finally, Gass’s Journal of the Lewis with essential help from Nez Perce guides, and Clark Expedition (Chicago: they managed to complete their eastbound A. C. McClurg & Co., 1904), 298 trip across north Idaho. Although they pages. reported that they had been able to Source: Reference Series #49 get from the head of navigation on the Lewis and Clark Timeline January 18, 1803 President Thomas Jefferson requested funds for expedition February 28, 1803 Congress appropriates $2,500 for expedition June 19, 1803 Lewis makes offer to Clark to join the expedition Summer of 1803 Lewis presides over preparations for expedition August 31, 1803 Lewis and eleven member crew depart down the Ohio River Lewis joins Clark in K October 15, 1803 entucky December 1803 W inter quarters set at Camp Wood, Illinois May 10, 1804 Expedition leaves St. Charles, Missouri, the westernmost United States village Sergeant Floyd dies, the only member of expedition to die during August 20, 1804 the trip November 2, 1804 Set winter camp among the Mandans and Hidatsas at F ort Mandan February 11, 1805 Sacagawea gives birth to Jean Baptiste Charboneau 33 members of expedition head west; remainder take keelboat to April 7, 1805 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 14

25 Idaho Profile St. Louis Lewis crosses Lemhi P August 12, 1805 ass into present-day Idaho Encounter 3 Shoshoni women and 1 unfurled flag outside of August 13, 1805 United States Sacagawea recognizes her brother , Chief Cameahwait August 17, 1805 Clark conducts reconnaissance of Salmon River August 19, 1805 Expedition crosses Continental Divide at Lost T rail Pass September 4, 1805 Expedition reenters Idaho at Lolo P September 13, 1805 ass Clark and advance party enter the W eippe Prairie and meet the September 20, 1805 Nez Perce September 26, 1805 Start building canoes near present day Orofino October 10, 1805 Canoes reach Snake River and leave Idaho November 7, 1805 Expedition reaches P acific Ocean, “ We are in view of the Ocean” Expedition votes on location of winter camp, select south side November 24, 1805 F ort Clatsop site selected December 7, 1805 Expedition members move into F ort Clatsop in what is now December 23, 1805 Oregon Expedition leaves F ort Clatsop and begins return journey March 23, 1806 The Corps of Discovery reenter Idaho and camp near mouth of May 5, 1806 Potlatch River May 14, 1806 P arty makes camp at “Camp Chopunish” along the Clearwater River near present day Kamiah May 27, 1806 Sergeant Ordway and three men head for Indian fishing grounds on Snake River June 2, 1806 Ordway party returns from Snake River and the Camas Prairie P June 9, 1806 arty departs for the Lolo Trail Expedition finds deep snow and conducts their only retreat June 17, 1806 June 24, 1806 Expedition departs W eippe area in the second attempt to cross the trail Expedition reaches Lolo P June 28, 1806 ass and leaves Idaho July 3, 1806 P arty splits in two; Lewis heads east along the Blackfoot River; Clark heads south July 26, 1806 Lewis’ group kill two Blackfeet attempting to steal horses; onl y hostile deaths on the trip The two groups rejoin in present day North Dakota September 23, 1806 The expedition returns to St. Louis. 1807 atrick Gass’ journal published. Meriwether Lewis Sargeant P appointed Governor of Upper Louisiana October 9, 1809 ennessee Meriwether Lewis dies at age 35 in T December 20, 1812 Sacagawea dies at F ort Manuel, age about 25 (c.1788-1812) 1822 W illiam Clark appointed Superintendent of Indian Affairs by President Monroe W illiam Clark dies at age 68 in St. Louis, Missouri 1838 May 16, 1866 Jean Baptiste “P omp” Charboneau dies in Danner, Oregon April 2, 1870 Last living member of the expedition, P atrick Gass, dies at age 99 For Additional Information on the Lewis and Clark Expedition: www.lewisandclark.org www.visitnorthcentralidaho.org/ lewis-clark.org/ CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 15

26 Origins of Sacajawea’s Name Sacajawea is an English word of for her was a foreign language that she Hidatsa language derivation. A great may have resented anyway. But Lewis deal of confusion has arisen concerning its and Clark obtained her identification origin. No really satisfactory explanation as something like Sacajawea from an has been substantiated, Hidatsa source, in this largely because Lewis case sa kaa ka wiiya and Clark did not offer (a highly simplified more than a vague transcription provided suggestion, referring by Norman Bowers, a to her once as a bird thoroughly competent woman whatever that Hidatsa linguist), which was. For that matter, still can be recognized they generally did not as their term for some comment upon linguistic kind of bird. Lewis and origins of other names Clark learned of this of members of their designation through expedition either, and their Hidatsa interpreter no one would have Sacajawea’s French expected them to. husband, Toussaint They lived in an era Charbonneau. She when standard spelling may or may not have of English words was responded to such beginning to come into fashion, but their a name, but transcripts of ordinary journals (which they did not prepare for conversation to determine that issue scholarly publication) contain considerable are unavailable. Since she could not variety, including different forms for communicate with expedition members Sacajawea’s name. When a published anyway, except through non verbal means, account of their expedition appeared she would have had a hard time identifying in 1814, Sacajawea was adopted. This her name in alien conversation that became her English name, although she did not understand. Sacajawea is Sacajawea never became aware of that. not a Shoshoni word, and French and She did not survive a stay at Fort Manuel English people would have had no way in 1812, so she had no opportunity to see of discerning any Shoshoni name that she that publication. What name she used in might have used even if they had wanted 1812 went unrecorded, but it most likely to. was not Sacajawea anyway. Charbonneau’s source for his wife’s Whether Sacajawea had any idea at name cannot be ascertained. Several any time that she was referred to by an options are possible. Sacajawea most likely Hidatsa term for some variety of bird also would have had more than one childhood is unclear and certainly is undocumented. Shoshoni name, and various bird (as well Several problems account for this situation. as animal) names often were used for Shoshoni and Hidatsa personal name young Shoshoni children. (She could have practices differ so much from English and suggested a bird name to Charbonneau, French systems that such a problem could which she would have had to have done not have been explained to her in 1805 in Hidatsa, because Charbonneau did or 1806 even if anyone had wanted to. not know Shoshoni. But no evidence Sacajawea did not speak English or French supports this kind of explanation. It is then, and had to converse with her husband, only a conceivable, but undocumented, Toussaint Charbonneau, in Hidatsa which possibility.) Or her Hidatsa captors might IDAHO BLUE BOOK 16

27 Idaho Profile Sacajawea and her Shoshoni people had have employed a crow, hawk, robin, no term for birds that French and English eagle, or similar designation for her. explorers referred to generically, and such This alternative certainly is credible, but a European language name would be total also is undocumented. Charbonneau at nonsense in their conception. least used an Hidatsa form that, he told A variety of legends, mostly twentieth Lewis and Clark, referred to Bird Woman. century, grew up concerning Sacajawea, Another possibility, about equally plausible, and some of these dealt with her name. But is that Charbonneau named her Bird irresponsible twentieth century attempts to Woman. That would not have conformed tamper with a long established standard to Shoshoni tradition better than any English spelling of Sacajawea’s name have other explanation, but Charbonneau lacked linguistic merit, although they presumably had not studied Shoshoni continue to distort many accounts of her tradition. Shoshoni women generally career. If Sacajawea had been an Hidatsa took a new name when they married, rather than a Shoshoni woman, efforts and Charbonneau or Sacajawea may have to replace her English name of 1814 with arranged that upon her assignment to a more accurate Hidatsa form of 1804 Charbonneau. Neither one would have might have been more plausible. Unlike had much incentive to retain a name her large numbers of her people, Sacajawea Hidatsa captors used, and Sacajawea, in preferred to settle down in an Anglo particular might have objected to an alien French society after 1806, and certainly name. An additional variation is that wanted to have nothing more to do with Sacajawea may have selected some variety her Hidatsa captors. Inflicting a more of bird without consulting Charbonneau or authentic Hidatsa name upon her scarcely anyone else. She would have had to tell can be defended as an appropriate activity Charbonneau that in Hidatsa if she did so, for twentieth century Lewis and Clark but that cannot be verified either. She had historians. at least one or more Hidatsa names, but Written by Dr. Merle Wells whether her Hidatsa captors ever called Source: Reference Series #910 her Sa kaa kaa Wiiya cannot be established. Idaho State Historical Society Creation of the Territory of Idaho Pr ior to 1868 the region destined and within two years the Idaho mines to become Idaho passed through several (as the country was known in 1862) had territorial reorganizations. For five years gained a population a lot greater than the (from August 14, 1848 to March 2, 1853) older settlements of Washington . When gold was discovered at Pierce, it was included in Oregon Territory. Then it September 30, 1860, the eastern part of was divided between Washington Territory Territory (which included all Washington and Oregon Territory until February 14, of what is now Idaho) was undeveloped 1859. Oregon then became a state, and politically. The Idaho portion made up the entire Idaho area was attached to part of Spokane County, which no one had Washington. At that time, the land that yet bothered to organize. Anticipating became Idaho was expected to remain the Clearwater gold rush, the Washington unsettled for another 50 years or so. legislature established Shoshone County, That would have been some time into the which included all the country south and twentieth century. Then an unexpected east of Lewiston. In the territorial election Idaho gold rush, a year after Oregon’s of July 8, 1861, Shoshone County cast admission to the Union, changed the whole the largest vote in Washington, and in situation. Miners came by the thousands, CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 17

28 Division of Washington Territory would 1862 the Salmon River gold rush made Florence by far the biggest community in leave Olympia capital of the western part, the territory. Older, more stable settlements and make Lewiston capital of the new such as Olympia and Seattle just did mining territory that would be established. not compare with Florence that season. Walla preferred to keep Washington Mineral discoveries in Boise Basin, August territory intact. As a compromise, after 2, 1862, set off an even bigger gold rush to the Boise gold rush got underway, Walla a region decidedly farther from the original was willing to return to Washington’s settlements of western Washington. original boundaries which included the country later to become North Idaho Something had to be done to provide better and western Montana. Rapid growth of government for the new mining regions. the mining population was expected to Four different plans were advanced. Each lead to Washington’s admission as a state was designed to fit the ambitions of one of four different communities in Washington: in another year or two, and Walla fully expected to be state capital. Olympia, Vancouver, Walla Walla, and Lewiston. Most of the Idaho miners—at least the ones that voted in the 1862 election— Lewiston wanted a new territory that had favored candidates who endorsed would take in Washington east of the Walla Walla’s preference. The Washington big bend of the Columbia River. If such a legislature chosen that year opposed the territory were to be established, Lewiston plan to set up a new mining territory of would have been a natural choice for Idaho, and Walla expected to become capital. An editorial in Lewiston’s pioneer capital of Washington just as soon as newspaper, the Golden Age, expressed reapportionment of the legislature could extreme dissatisfaction with Washington’s government as administered from Olympia give control of the territory to the mining counties, which clearly had the majority in the fall of 1862: “Of what use to us is a capitol of of the population. West of the Cascades, Washington Territory located at Olympia Vancouver preferred an arrangement which would have kept enough of eastern on the forty-ninth parallel. During four months of last year no communication Washington to advance Vancouver’s claim could be had with the place at all. Its to be territorial capital. Lack of a wagon distance is between seven and eight road across the Cascades forced traffic from Puget Sound to come through Vancouver to hundred miles, interspersed with huge reach eastern Washington. Thus Vancouver forests, roaring rivers, and rocky bound aspired to become territorial capital as shores of ice, with impassable barriers of a compromise location between the two snow. One of the editors of the Washington sections. Statesman was elected to the Legislature Puget Sound, Olympia wished On by the voters of Walla, and before he left to retain its status as capital. In order to to perform those legislative duties for his prevent the mining counties from gaining constituents, he made his will, settled all a legislative majority and from taking the of his worldly accounts, and bid his friends capital to Walla, Olympia decided that the adieu until next summer, and perhaps mining region would have to be set aside forever.” Olympia actually was not quite as as a separate territory. At the same time, far north, or quite as far away, as the Olympia wished to keep the slower growing Golden Age made out. But many people farming areas of eastern Washington. That in Lewiston strongly supported the plan way state admission would not be delayed for making a new territory, and a citizens’ too long, and Washington would be no meeting there firmly endorsed the project, smaller than was absolutely necessary to December 28, 1862. Walla dissented. preserve Olympia’s power. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 18

29 Idaho Profile won the fight. A new mining Olympia the name “Idaho” to the new mining territory of Idaho emerged from eastern territory. Washington, with Lewiston on its western last morning of the session— The boundary. In this boundary settlement, March 4, 1863—President Abraham Olympia and Puget Sound had enough Lincoln approved the proposal, and Idaho strength to hold down Vancouver and Walla became a territory of the United States. once the mining counties were taken out Exceeding Texas substantially in size, of Washington. A. G. Henry, an Olympia Idaho originally included all of present agent and Washington surveyor general, Montana, along with practically all of recommended the line which congress Wyoming as well. That arrangement was adopted and which continues to separate a mistake. A large mountain block divided Idaho and Washington to this day. Of the the population of the new territory of Idaho four alternate boundary and capital city into three distinct sections. Each of them arrangements, Olympia’s prevailed only was relatively inaccessible from the others, after a hard battle. and in 1864, Congress decided to set up ympia’s Those who worked in Ol a new territory of Montana, taking the interest—to keep the eastern agricultural northeastern part of Idaho for the purpose. That got rid of one of the three lands in Washington, but to put the new disconnected sections, but left the other mines in Idaho—had plenty of strength in the United States Senate but faced a two in Idaho, still separated by a difficult mountain barrier. The remainder of the hard time in the House of Representatives. original eastern Idaho was returned The chairman of the House committee preferred to restore Washington’s original temporarily to Dakota when Montana was 1853 boundaries, and to establish a new established, May 26, 1864. Finally, when Montana for the Boise mining territory of construction of the Union Pacific railroad made possible the creation of Wyoming, region and for the upper Missouri mines which now are in Montana but then were July 25, 1868, Idaho received its present boundaries. By that time, the territory of in Dakota. This proposal passed the House, Idaho had been in operation for a number February 12, 1863. Yet it looked entirely too risky to the Olympia forces, and the of years, and the foundations for a new commonwealth had been laid. When Idaho last night of the session, they got Congress became a state, July 3, 1890, the 1868 to amend the boundaries to include all the Idaho mines that Olympia wished boundaries became permanent. Number 264 March 1969 to exclude from Washington. Olympia’s agents quietly had built up enough strength For more information about this reference in the House that they were able to gain series contact: concurrence in the senate amendments Idaho State Historical Society which changed the boundary and restored CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 19

30 Idaho Day “The name Idaho invokes images of wide open spaces, lovely winding rivers, and mountain skies fading into sunset. Romance lies in her name. Freedom lies in her name.” ~Representative Linden Bateman The connection between the founding Idaho State Historical Society shall conduct of Idaho and President Lincoln stirs the appropriate activities and be encouraged to imagination, especially among create exhibits commemorating school children. Realizing this, Idaho Day.” To honor the satin and that the spirit of community blue in Idaho’s flag, members service grows stronger when of the Idaho legislature and Idaho’s citizens become more staff initiated a tradition of fondly attached to our state’s wearing blue to celebrate Idaho heritage, the Legislature Day. One hopes that this lovely created an official “Idaho Day” tradition will spread throughout in 2014, to honor President the state, for this noteworthy Abraham Lincoln’s creation celebration of Idaho history. of Idaho Territory on March 4, 1863. Though Idaho became a state Celebrations nourish and inspire the on July 3, 1890, Idaho lawmakers opted human spirit. The Idaho Day Act ensures to commemorate Idaho’s origin as a such a celebration by declaring that, “It territory, choosing March 4th as the day is the purpose of this act to provide the of celebration each year. This date works mechanism through which state and local particularly well since both the Legislature agencies of government, historical societies, and public schools are in session, providing schools, colleges and universities, Native those institutions with the opportunity to American tribes, service organizations, sponsor Idaho Day activities. clubs, the media and Idaho citizens in Provisions of the Idaho Day Act general can educate others about Idaho, require that, “The Governor of the State her culture, her resources, her history and of Idaho shall issue a proclamation each her greatness.” This declaration grants year marking Idaho Day. The President Pro Idaho Day a remarkable purpose. For, the Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of more we learn about Idaho, the more we the House of Representatives shall conduct will love her, and the more we love her, the appropriate ceremonies and programs on more we will want to serve her. Idaho Day to honor Idaho’s heritage. The IDAHO BLUE BOOK 20

31 Idaho Profile Idaho State Capitol Boise, in the southwestern Idaho area known as the Treasure Valley, became the territorial capital in 1865 and the state capital when Idaho was admitted to statehood in 1890. Territorial Capitol following a heated debate, the second first capital Boise was not Idaho’s Territorial Legislature chose Boise as the city. In March 1863, when President permanent capital. For the next twenty Abraham Lincoln signed the law that years, government proceedings took place created Idaho Territory, he left the task of at various locations throughout the city. In choosing a temporary capital to William 1885, the thirteenth Territorial Legislature Wallace, a personal friend he appointed approved construction of a centralized to serve as first Territorial Governor. government building. Erected between Wallace chose Lewiston, then a booming Jefferson and State and Sixth and Seventh supply point for the mines of north streets, the building was designed by noted Idaho. The new legislature would select architect Elijah E. Myers, a prolific designer the capital’s permanent location. By of American capitol buildings 1864, gold discoveries in the Boise Basin had shifted the population south, and Idaho’s Second Capitol Building Both buildings were demolished during By 1905, the Capitol building’s lack of phase two (1919–1921) to make way for amenities and limited space prompted the addition of the east and west wings. the state legislature to fund construction Remodeling projects during the 1950s of a new Capitol. Construction began in and 1970s accommodated a growing 1905 and was completed in two phases. state government, but crowding, failing Phase one, which included construction mechanical systems, and decades of hard of the central section and dome, was use eventually left their mark on the aging completed in 1912. The new Capitol building. The state of Idaho recognized and its surrounding grounds occupied the need to save the historic Capitol by two blocks and were originally located restoring it and maintaining the building between two early Boise landmarks—the Territorial Capitol and Central School. as a working seat of government. CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 21

32 22 IDAHO BLUE BOOK Idaho State Capitol Photo Courtesy of T aner Oz - TanerOz.com

33 Idaho Profile Creating a Vision for the People—The Architects Tourtellotte relocated to Portland, Oregon. F or the 1905 Capitol building design, Following the deaths of both Tourtellotte the Capitol Commission held an open and Hummel in 1939, the firm continued competition and selected Tourtellotte & as Hummel Architects. Company, a well-known Boise firm. John E. Tourtellotte, a Connecticut native, ourtellotte was inspired to create T began his career in Massachusetts before a building that emphasized natural light heading west in 1889. Less than a year and used it as a decorative element. later he arrived in Boise and began working He used light shafts, skylights, and as a contract architect. Tourtellotte’s reflective marble surfaces to capture partner, Charles Hummel, was originally natural sunlight and direct it to the from Germany, where he received his interior space. For Tourtellotte, light architectural training. He worked in was a metaphor for an enlightened and Switzerland before immigrating to the moral state government. The original United States in 1885, eventually arriving in design created an architecturally pleasing Idaho in 1895, and becoming Tourtellotte’s building that incorporated the materials partner in 1903. The successful partnership and technologies of the day into a working continued for many years, even after Capitol. Building and Architectural Details to scagliola, true marble In addition Large “marble” columns support the rotunda. They are not solid marble is also used extensively throughout the building. White marble with green veining, but have a finished surface composed of scagliola—a mixture of gypsum, glue, called American Pavonazzo, can be seen on marble dust, and granite dyed to look the columns of the central portion of the building. Brocadillo marble, a greenish- like marble. Scagliola originated in Italy during the sixteenth century and grew white marble with green veining, was used in popularity because polished marble, for the wainscoting and upper wall panels though popular, was expensive and heavy. of the staircases. The floors throughout the CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 23

34 building are comprised of four different and lowering solar gain—making artificial marbles from four different quarries and light unnecessary in some corridors during locations. The gray patterned marble is the summer and some sunny winter from Alaska, the red stone from Georgia, days. Senate hearing rooms and offices the green stone from Vermont, and the are located in the west wing, and House black stone from Italy. hearing rooms and offices are in the east wing. A large 240-seat auditorium, shared Classical architectural elements by the Senate and House, is also located include Doric, Corinthian, and Ionic in the west wing. The west wing contains columns. Corinthian columns have the original basement vault doors. These decorative acanthus leaves at the top. vaults were once used for record storage. Doric and Ionic columns are less ornate. All of the original vault doors remain in the building. Garden Level & Atrium Wings In the original design, the central First Floor rotunda area of the garden level was a dark and often damp basement. The building The Rotunda restoration has transformed the area into The r otunda rises to an opening at the the central welcoming place for visitors, top of the inner dome called the oculus, with an interpretive exhibit, gift shop, and or eye of the dome. You can see thirteen visitor information desk. large stars, which represent the thirteen Great Seal of the State of Idaho original colonies, and forty-three smaller The Great Seal of the State of Idaho is stars, representing Idaho’s admission as the inlaid on the floor of the central rotunda. forty-third state in the Union. means “May The Latin motto Esto perpetua The dome is actually two domes: it endure forever.” The miner represents an inner dome constructed of wood and the chief industry at the time the seal was plaster and an outer dome constructed created, while the woman holding scales of steel and concrete and roofed with represents justice, freedom, and equality. terracotta tiles. The center of the rotunda is ringed Atrium Wings Fr om the central rotunda area, the by eight massive steel columns clad in scagliola. These sixty-foot-high columns underground atrium wings run east and support the dome and surround the gray, west the distance of a full city block. black, and red compass rose medallion on These wings were constructed to provide additional space for legislative committee the floor. hearing rooms, where the public can The Treasurer’s Office participate directly in the legislative the east side of the first floor is the On process. The wings preserve the integrity of Treasurer’s office. Inside, an original vault the building’s architecture and improve the contains a large manganese steel safe made functionality of the building. Glass skylights in 1905 and still used today. run the length of the central corridors and offer a view of the Capitol dome. These The Mangan ese Steel Safe Company skylights—specially engineered and was founded in the late 1890s as Hibbard, designed for this project—are consistent Rodman and Ely Company. At a plant with the vision of the original architects in New Jersey, the company specialized and provide a seamless bond between the in the manufacture of safes made of old and new. The skylights are made of manganese steel, including a model called fritted glass—a clear safety glass fired with the “cannonball.” The Hibbard, Rodman a pattern of dots for the purpose of shading IDAHO BLUE BOOK 24

35 Idaho Profile and Ely Company was so successful with Caldwell artist Paul B. Evans to update sales of manganese steel safes that it the state seal. Evans colorized and “streamlined” the seal. He added a border, changed its name to reflect the company’s success. The round, double-locked, tightly sharpened some of the details, modified the female figure and modernized the miner’s sealed cannonball safe is still considered clothing. His revision of the 1891 design one of the most secure models. is the official seal used today. Legislative Services The Legislative Services Office (LSO), The original furnishings for the offices, supplied by Wollaeger Manufacturing the nonpartisan support staff for the Company, were constructed of Spanish Legislature, also occupies the first floor. mahogany. Offices had both flat and The LSO conducts bill research, drafts roll-top desks made with brass bases on legislation, provides budget analysis, the legs and chairs finished to match the financial compliance audits, and technology desks. Some five hundred pieces of original support for the Idaho Legislature. furniture remain in the building. For the interesting feature of this floor is An 2009 restoration, furniture throughout the the elevator located outside the Legislative Capitol has been replicated or reproduced Reference Library. This private elevator in the same style as the original. transported judges to the Idaho Supreme Third Floor Court Chamber, originally located on the third floor. the 1950s, the space above the stairs In Second Floor was enclosed, but during restoration the area was opened up as originally designed, Executive Branch to provide more natural light. Newly The Governor’s suite, which includes crafted marble balustrades were based on a ceremonial office and working office for original designs. Drop ceilings, installed in the Governor and offices for support staff, the 1950s to hide cabling, have also been is located in the west wing. The governor’s removed, re-creating the original ceiling desk in the ceremonial office has been and showcasing the decorative plaster. used by Idaho governors since 1919. The light shafts visible in the hallways Official portraits of the current governor originally helped cool the building, but and first lady grace the walls of the office. by the 1970s they had lost their original In 1911, the Legislature commissioned function and served as pathways for artist Herbert Collins to paint portraits of electrical wiring. The original light shafts Idaho’s territorial and state governors. The have been retrofitted to hide the new original twenty portraits, plus portraits of heating system and conduits. New wiring all governors who have served since 1911, is hidden by backlit false walls that mimic are hung along the walls adjacent to the the look of the original shafts. governor’s suite. The second floor also houses offices for House and Senate Chambers the Attorney General on the north side of e Idaho Legislature is a citizen Th legislature that meets annually in sessions the building and the Lieutenant Governor and Secretary of State in the east wing. The that typically last from January through official copy of the Great Seal of the State March. The House chamber is located in the east wing. The Idaho House of of Idaho is kept in the reception area of the Representatives includes seventy members, Secretary of State’s office. two from each legislative district. The In 1957 the Legislature commissioned CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 25

36 The second statue is a replica of perimeter wall was added in the 1970s Winged Victory of Samothrace. The to improve acoustics, and the blue color original statue was sculpted about 400–300 scheme mimics the U.S. Capitol. The BC on Samothrace, an island in the Aegean Senate chamber is located in the west Sea. Lost for centuries, the sculpture was wing. The Senate has thirty-five members, rediscovered in 1863 and sent to the and the Lieutenant Governor—who is not a member—serves as Senate president, Louvre Museum in France. Idaho received this replica from the Merci (thank you) voting only to break a tie. The color scheme Train, which was sent to the United States in the Senate chamber is red, also used at in 1949 by the people of France to express the U.S. Capitol. The furniture in the House their appreciation for the food, medicine, and Senate chambers has been crafted fuel, and clothing Americans sent to France to resemble the original desks while still following World War II. Boxcars filled with accommodating modern technology. gifts from the people of France were sent to the capital cities of each state. Idaho’s Joint Finance-Appropriations boxcar included this replica of Winged Committee Victory of Samothrace. The Joint Finance-Appropriations In Statuary Hall, the barrel ceiling, Committee (JFAC) is located in the former hidden from view for years, has been Supreme Court chamber at the north end restored to its original beauty. When of the floor. The Idaho Supreme Court met in this chamber from 1912 through 1970, Statuary Hall is filled with light and air, it when it moved to a new building on Fifth exemplifies the original interior design of the building. and State streets. JFAC is comprised of ten members of the House of Representatives Capitol Grounds and ten members of the Senate. JFAC The open and spacious lawn resembles studies and recommends how the state the original 1905 Capitol landscape. budget will be allocated. Over time, numerous trees and bushes were planted on the grounds, eventually Fourth Floor masking full view of the building. During Public galleries for the House and renovation, many old and diseased trees Senate are located on the fourth floor. The were removed. The wood has been used painted concrete floor, though not marble, to produce gavels, benches, and gift shop mimics the colors and style of the marble souvenirs. Capitol steps are the main The floors below. T wo statues are located on the south ceremonial entrance where visitors are side of the rotunda and flank the entrance greeted and inaugurations are held. A to Statuary Hall. The George Washington replica of the Liberty Bell, molded in Statue was carved from a single piece France, stands at the base of the stairs of pine by Charles Ostner, an Austrian and was given to the state by the U.S. immigrant. Ostner, working at night by Department of the Treasury in 1950. Two candlelight and from a postage stamp size giant spheres of Montana granite flank likeness of the President, took four years the thirty-three steps. Straight above the to carve the figure. The statue was bronzed central steps, the bronze plated copper and presented to the Idaho Territory in eagle perches atop the Capitol dome. It’s 1869. It was displayed on the Capitol difficult to guess its size looking upward grounds until 1934, when it was brought from the ground, but it is 5’7” tall. in 1906, Pioneer Monument— Erected indoors due to weather damage. The statue was repaired, restored, and covered with located on the southeast grounds—honors gold leaf in 1966. pioneers of the Old Oregon Trail. The IDAHO BLUE BOOK 26

37 Idaho Profile northwest grounds, was donated in 1935 national movement to preserve the Oregon by the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Trail was organized by Ezra Meeker, who travelled west to Oregon on the trail in Republic to honor the men of the Union 1852 by oxcart. In 1906, at age 76, he Army who served in the Civil War. began work to preserve the trail and in time he followed the trail by auto and airplane.The Model 1840 cast-iron cannon Capitol Mall is a seacoast gun used by the Confederacy apitol building sits in the The c in the Civil War and was purchased by southwest corner of the mall complex, State Treasurer S. A. Hastings and Senator which is bounded by Jefferson Street William Borah. on the south, Eighth Street on the west, in 1927, the Steunenberg Dedicated Washington Street on the north, and Memorial, south of the Capitol’s main Third Street on the east. Since 1963 six entrance in Capitol Park, honors Governor new structures have been built in the Frank Steunenberg, who served Idaho complex. These include the State Library from 1897 to 1900 and was assassinated and Archives, the Supreme Court Building, in 1905. the Pete T. Cenarrusa building, a five The Abraham Lincoln Statue, south of story parking structure, the Len B. Jordan the Steunenberg Memorial, was originally Building, and the Joe R. Williams Building. The mall area includes many older placed on the grounds of the Old Soldier’s buildings as well: the Capitol Annex (old Home in 1915, approximately three miles Ada County Courthouse), Marion Hall, west of the Capitol. When the Old Soldier’s and the Governor Alexander House built Home was demolished in the 1970s for in 1897 by Governor Moses Alexander. construction of Veterans Memorial State All of the mall buildings are heated Park, the Abraham Lincoln Statue was with geothermal water. Idaho’s Capitol moved to the grounds of the Veterans building is the only one in the United States Administration at the site of Old Fort Boise. heated by geothermal water. A pumping An expansion project in 2008 led to the station in the parking lot north of the Len removal of the statue, which was placed B. Jordan Building can provide enough at its current location and rededicated in hot water to heat 750,000 square feet of a ceremony on February 12, 2009. epublic The Grand Army of the R building space on all but the most severe Monument (GAR), located on the winter days. The 3,000 foot well can Capitol Restoration projected shortfalls in state revenues, The nine-member Idaho State Capitol the Commission withdrew its request to Commission was created in 1998 and issue bonds and returned the $32 million charged with completing a master plan appropriation to the State’s General Fund. for the restoration/renovation of the The restoration project was placed on hold. State Capitol Building. The Legislature appropriated $120,000, and the design Despite the delay , the Commission team of CSHQA/Isthmus was competitively was able to preserve and restore the selected to develop a Master Plan, which exterior envelope of the structure to protect was completed in 2000. At that time the the interior from further deterioration. design team estimated the total cost at $64 Between 2001 and 2002 about $1.5 million million. was appropriated for Phase I Exterior Renovation. The following year the In 2001 the Legislature provided a Legislature appropriated nearly $3 million one-time appropriation of $32 million to complete Phase ll Exterior Renovation. and authorized the Commission to issue All exterior work was completed Spring of bonds for the remaining $32 million. 2006. However, in early 2002, as a result of CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 27

38 addition of the 2-story underground wings. The 2005 Legislature revived hope However, he and legislative leadership for the interior restoration by extending eventually negotiated a compromise to the cigarette tax so that a portion of the proceed with the addition of two single- revenue collected, beginning FY07, is story underground wings and to reassign deposited into the Permanent Building the use of the first floor of the Capitol for Fund. The annual amount, estimated at use by the Legislature, rather than the $20 million, is earmarked for the repair, Executive Branch. remodel, and restoration of the Capitol and state facilities pertaining to the Capitol The Capitol restoration work included restoration. the following: restore and refinish windows, repair marble flooring, repair decorative The 2006 Legislature passed House plaster, restore wood floors, refinish wood Concurrent Resolution 47 authorizing the doors, restore hardware, replace/refurbish Capitol Commission and the Department light fixtures, upgrade electrical, complete of Administration to enter into agreements smoke and fire detection system, install with the Idaho State Building Authority to fire sprinkler system throughout, improve finance the restoration and construction exterior lighting, add emergency power of two 2-story wings on each end of the generator, install new HVAC system, Statehouse. replace sewer piping, replace hot water bsequently, the ISBA secured Su system, improve exiting from basement, $120 million in bonds, the Idaho Div. of provide vertical circulation cores from Public Works hired CSHQA as Architect/ the legislative chambers level to the new Engineer, Lemley/3D+I as agency for garden level wings, safer access to roof the owner, McAlvain/Hummel as design/ domes, add exiting hardware, provide build professionals to construct the core accessible toilet rooms, and install ADA and shell of the new underground wings, accessible elevator (gurney size). and finally Jacobson-Hunt Joint Venture as Construction Manager-at-risk to lead The underground expansion provided the restoration’s numerous specialty sub- approximately 25,000 square feet on contractors through this once-in-a-lifetime each side of the Capitol, larger legislative task. hearing rooms and opportunities to move various functions out of the Capitol In his FY08 budget, Governor C.L. Building, such as large mechanical spaces, “Butch” Otter proposed that only the data centers, kitchens, and dining facilities. existing Capitol be restored, and not the IDAHO BLUE BOOK 28

39 Idaho Profile Idaho History Chronicle Paleo-Indian big game-hunters, with Clovis (11,500 to 8,000 to 14,000 years ago: 12,500 B.P), Folsom (10,500 to 11,000 B.P), and Plano (8,000 to 10,500 B.P) cultures. 200 to 8,000 years ago: Archaic-Indian culture, with permanent houses (5,000 years ago) and bows and arrows and pottery (300 to 1,500 years ago) coming into use. 200 to 260 years ago: Shoshone bands obtained horses for transportation but were decimated by smallpox spread from European sources. 1743 Discovery of the Rocky Mountains somewhere in the vicinity of Yellowstone Park made by Pierre De la Verendrye, while in search of a western sea. Northwest Territory 1803-1847 1803 Th e Louisiana Territory, which extended west of the Mississippi to Idaho, purchased by the United States from France for $15 million. 1805 Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark enter area which would become Idaho at Lemhi Pass, and cross into north Idaho over the Lolo Trail August 12. Lewis and Clark canoe past Spalding October 8, meet with Nez Perce Indians at Weippe Prairie. 1806 Lewis and Clark spend more than six weeks with the Nez P erce Indians in the Kamiah area before returning eastward across the Lolo Trail. 1808 David Thompson commences fur trade near Bonners F erry. 1809 David Thompson constructs Kullyspell House by Lake Pend Oreille, first non- native establishment erected in the Northwest, built for the Northwest Fur Company. 1810 Missouri Fur Company establishes Fort Henry near St. Anthony, first American fur post west of Rocky Mountains. 1811 P acific Fur Company expedition, the Astorians, explore the Snake River Valley on their way to the Columbia River. Led by Wilson P. Hunt, the westward journey enters the Boise Valley. Mackenzie establishes a winter fur trading post at Lewiston for the 1812 Donald Astorians. Robert Stuart, on his return from Astoria, opens much of the Oregon Trail and is the first Euro-American to use South Pass (Wy). John Reid starts fur trading post on the lower Boise River, but Bannock Indians 1813 wipe it out in 1814. 1818 Donald Mackenzie makes first exploration of southern Idaho with his Snake River expedition of trappers. Treaty of Joint Occupation between Great Britain and the United States leaves Oregon Territory (including Idaho) open to citizens of both nations. 1819 Donald Mackenzie held a rendezvous with Native Americans on the Boise River. Adams-Onis treaty between Spain and the United States established Idaho’s future southern border on the 42nd Parallel. Hudson’s Bay Company and North W est Company merged. 1821 W illiam Ashley organized the Rocky Mountain Fur Company, which instituted 1822 the practice of annual rendezvous. 1823 Battle fought in Lemhi V alley between men of the Snake River country expedition and the Piegan Indians. 1824 Alexander R oss and Jedediah Smith lead separate expeditions in exploring much of the Salmon River country. Peter Skene Ogden begins trapping in Idaho. Russia cedes Northwest Territory to United States in a treaty. endezvous at Bear Lake for fur trading. 1827 R CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 29

40 1829 endezvous held at Pierre’s Hole, now known as the Teton Basin, where R hundreds of mountain men and fur trappers congregated. 1830 R endezvous with the Indians held on the Blackfoot River, where competition in fur trading became intensely keen. Fur trappers of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company, led by Kit Carson, winter 1831 on the Salmon River. 1832 Captain B.L.E. Bonneville leads the first crossing of the Rocky Mountains in covered wagons. The company reaches the Lemhi River on September 19. Rendezvous at Pierre’s Hole. Battle of Pierre’s Hole occurs July 18 between American fur trappers and the Gros Ventre Indians. 1834 F ort Hall, established by Americans under Captain Nathaniel Wyeth, becomes a hub for trails and roads to the western parts of the United States. Fort Boise erected by the Hudson’s Bay Company near the mouth of the Boise River. 1835 R everend Samuel Parker, guided by Nez Perce Indians, selects sites for missions. 1836 Harmon Spalding establishes a Nez Perce Indian mission near Lapwai, Henry where he prints the Northwest’s first book, establishes first school, develops Idaho’s first irrigation system and grows the state’s first potatoes. Eliza Spalding and Narcissa Whitman are first EuroAmerican women to cross the Continental Divide. 1837 First white child born in Idaho is Eliza Spalding born at Lapwai. 1839 Henry Spalding starts publishing the Bible in Lapwai on the earliest printing press in the Pacific Northwest. Chief Timothy, the first native Christian leader, baptized November 17. 1840 F ather Pierre Jean de Smet begins missionary work in Idaho. 1842 ather Nicholas Point establishes the Jesuit Coeur d’ Alene Mission of the Sacred F Heart near Saint Maries. The Mission moves to a site near Cataldo in 1846, and is transferred in 1877 to Desmet where it stands today. Oregon T rail wagons entered Idaho near Montpelier, passed by Fort Hall, then 1843 westward south of the Snake River to the ford below Salmon Falls, then to Fort Boise, crossing the Snake River into Oregon. 1846 . The United States Sacred Heart Mission established on the Coeur d’Alene River Oregon Territory 1848-1853 Oregon T erritory established. 1848 O ver 20,000 emigrants who join the gold rush come through southeastern Idaho 1849 on the California Trail. Heavy traffic continues on the trail for many years. U.S. Military post, Cantonment Loring, established near Fort Hall. French Canadians discover gold on the P 1852 end Oreille River. Oregon and Washington Territories 1853-1858 1853 Construction of the Cataldo M ission completed. Washington Territory established. Idaho divided between Washington and Oregon. 1854 T wenty-one emigrants led by Alexander Ward massacred in Boise Valley by the Snake River Indians. This event leads to the closing of Fort Boise the next summer and Fort Hall in 1856. 1855 Salmon River Mission (F ort Lemhi) established by Mormon missionaries. 1857 Oregon’s eastern boundary (Idaho’s western boundary) established by Oregon constitutional convention. ort Lemhi, killing two and driving 1858 Bannock Indians attacked the Mormons at F the remaining back to Utah. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 30

41 Idaho Profile Washington Territory 1859-1862 1859 Oregon admitted as a state, all of Idaho included in Washington Territory. Nez Perce Indian Reservation established. 1860 is founded just north of the Utah border on April Idaho’s oldest town, Franklin, 14. Miss Hannah Cornish starts the first school for white children in Idaho. Gold discovered on Orofino Creek in August, leads to the establishment of Idaho’s oldest mining town, Pierce. Mullan military wagon road built just north of Coeur d’Alene. 1861 Lewiston established as a service community for Idaho mines on May 13. Major mining strikes near Pierce, Florence, Idaho City and Silver City. Homestead Act established. First newspaper published in Idaho is the Golden 1862 Age in Lewiston. George Grimes and a party of prospectors establish the Boise Basin mines, leading to creation of Idaho City. Packer John’s Cabin built between New Meadows and McCall. Gold discovered near present day Warren. Fort Lapwai established as a military post near Lewiston. Idaho Territory 1863-1890 1863 Massacre of Bear River, one of the West’s largest Indian battles, is fought near present-day Preston. Idaho Territory organized, capital at Lewiston. President Abraham Lincoln signed the act establishing the territory on March 4. Soda Springs founded by Colonel Patrick Conner. Boise News of Idaho City issues first copy September 29. Mining begins in the Owyhees. Fort Boise established at Cottonwood Creek by Major Pinckney Lugenbeel and the U.S. Cavalry. The townsite of Boise laid out by merchants under the lead of Cyrus Jacobs. First general election held October 31. First county established: Owyhee County, December 31. 1864 A re solution to make Boise the capital passes December 7. Public school system established for the territory. Ben Holliday establishes Overland stagecoach line. The Idaho Statesman begins tri-weekly publication in Boise. Ada, Alturas, Boise, Idaho, Kootenai, Lah-Toh, Nez Perce, Oneida and Shoshone counties created. Boise becomes the capital of Idaho. J.M. Taylor and Robert Anderson erect 1865 bridge across Snake River near present day Idaho Falls. Boise-Rocky Bar stage begins operations, later extended to Silver City. 1866 Gol d discovered at Leesburg in Lemhi County. Survey of public lands begun, L.F. Cartee surveyor. Congress passes Federal Lode Mining Act. State of Columbia proposed by the Idaho Legislature in a petition to Congress, to include all the lands in western Montana, northern Idaho, and eastern Washington. Telegraph connects Virginia City, Montana and Salt Lake City, Utah on November 2. 1867 Gutzon Borglum, Mount R ushmore sculptor, born in Bear Lake County March 25. Episcopal Bishop Daniel S. Tuttle arrives in Boise October 12. Idaho Legislature repeals oath of allegiance to U.S., a riot commences and Federal troops are called out. Lah-Toh County abolished, territory annexed to Kootenai County. Fort Hall Indian Reservation established by proclamation, for Shoshoni. Coeur d’Alene Indian Reservation also established. 1869 Statue of George Washington, carved from native wood by Charles Ostner, is unveiled on the capitol grounds at Boise. Idaho State Law Library established. Placer gold strike made at Oro Grande. Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads complete transcontinental railway at Promontory Summit, Utah on CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 31

42 May 10, improves transportation to Idaho. Chinese workers flock to Idaho mines. Fort Hall Indian Reservation set aside by President Ulysses S. Grant for Shoshonis and Bannocks of southern Idaho. First telegraph office established at Franklin, linking the town with Salt Lake City. Lemhi County created. 1870 Idaho population: 14,999 later census figure shows 17,804 as Utah-Idaho border was not clearly established. Caribou gold rush in southeastern Idaho. Fort Hall established as a military post. U.S. 1872 Assay Office and Idaho prison completed. Strike drives Chinese labor out of Owyhee mines. 1873 Coeur d’Alene Indian Reservation set aside by President Ulysses S. Grant for the Coeur d’Alene and Spokane Indians. First railroad in Idaho, Utah Northern reaches Franklin. Idaho’s first daily 1874 newspaper, The Owyhee Daily Avalanche, issued at Silver City October 17. Telegraph reaches Silver City. Le mhi Indian Reservation set aside by President Ulysses S. Grant for Shoshonis, 1875 Bannocks, and Tukuarikas. Bear Lake County created. Bank failure ruins Silver City and South Mountain Mines. National Desert Land Act passed by Congress for reclaiming land by irrigation. 1877 Nez Perce Indian War: Battle fought at White Bird on June 17th, Battle of Clearwater fought July 11 and 12, fighting then moved into Montana. The war ended on October 5th with the surrender of Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce. Duck Valley Indian Reservation set aside by President Hayes for the Western Shoshonis and Paiutes. 1878 Indian War: Bannocks were led by Chief Buffalo Horn, and Paiutes Bannock led by Chief Egan. Battles fought at South Mountain and Bennett Creek. Fort Sherman, originally Camp Coeur d’Alene, established on Lake Coeur d’Alene. 1879 The Sheepeater Indian W ar: battles fought at Big Creek and Loon Creek. Indians surrender September 1. Utah Northern railroad completed within Idaho on its path from Salt Lake City to Helena, Montana. Cassia and Washington counties created. Idaho population: 32,619. Discovery of lead-silver lodes in the Wood River 1880 area, the rush to Bellevue, Hailey and Ketchum transforms southcentral Idaho. The Boise and Lewiston Independent School Districts created. North Idaho Annexation political party forms to counteract the powerful “Boise Ring.” 1881 Historical Society of Idaho Pioneers forms to collect and preserve a reliable history of the early settlement of the territory. The Hailey Times begins daily publication. Wells Fargo office established at Challis. Custer County created. Earthquake centered 20 miles east of Mount Idaho August 9. Northern Pacific Railroad completed across the northern part of the Territory. 1882 Construction began on the New York Canal in Ada County. State’s first electric light at the Philadelphia Smelter near Ketchum. 1883 First telephone service in Idaho commenced at Hailey October 1. Rexburg is founded. Oregon Short Line reaches Weiser, connecting Idaho to the Pacific Coast. 1884 Coeur d’Alene gold rush, followed by Tiger and Polaris mines opening lead-silver operations. The Oregon Short Line arrives in Ketchum August 19. Freight and passenger service begins on Coeur d’Alene Lake. Wallace is founded. he legislature approves construction of Territorial Capitol building at an 1885 T expense of $80,000. Test Oath Act adopted by legislature, designed to bar members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from voting and IDAHO BLUE BOOK 32

43 Idaho Profile holding public office. Legislature locates insane asylum at Blackfoot. Famous poet Ezra Pound born at Hailey October 30. Bingham County created. Bunker Hill and Sullivan mines begin operation. Utah Northern merges with Oregon Short Line and joins Union Pacific system. 1886 Separate bills to annex north Idaho to Washington Territory pass each chamber of Congress, but are not reconciled. Construction on the Territorial Capitol completed. Nampa city platted. W ardner miner’s union established after wage reductions at Bunker Hill and 1887 Sullivan mines. Compulsory education law passed. A bill to annex north Idaho to Washington Territory passes Congress, but is not signed by President Cleveland and does not become law. 1888 Ricks Academy, now known as Brigham Young University - Idaho, established in Rexburg. Latah County created by U.S. Congress. As a conciliatory move to keep north Idaho from seceding, the Territorial 1889 Legislature locates the University of Idaho at Moscow. Constitutional convention composed of sixty-eight members meets at Boise July 4 and after laboring twenty-eight days, forms and adopts constitution for the state of Idaho August 6. Constitution is ratified by the people on November 5 by a vote of 12,398 to 1,773. Electric light plant goes into operation at Hailey to supply power for State of Idaho 1890 - Present 1890 Idaho population: 88,548. Idaho admitted to the Union as the 43rd state on July 3, signed into law by President Benjamin Harrison. Great Northern Railroad completed across the northern part of the state. Congress passes Federal Forest Reserve Act. First legislative and statewide elections held. First session of the Idaho Legislature meets. Great Seal of the State of Idaho, a design drawn by Miss Emma Edwards, with 1891 the Latin motto “Esto Perpetua” adopted. Idaho forest reserves created. Boise’s electric street railway commences operation on August 22. College of Idaho opens in Caldwell October 9. Canyon and Alta counties created. President Benjamin Harrison plants Water Oak on capitol grounds. High freight rates and low silver prices close Coeur d’Alene mines January 16. 1892 The Farmers Alliance and the Knights of Labor organize the Idaho Populist Party in Boise May 26. Martial law commenced in the Coeur d’Alenes on July 14 following the dynamiting of the Frisco Mill near Burke. University of Idaho opens October 3. Idaho Education Association organized. Timber and Stone Act passes Congress, paving way for commercial timber industry in Idaho. 1893 The “P anic of ’93.” Lead and silver prices collapsed, Coeur d’Alene mines shut down. Western Federation of Miners formed. Office of State Mine Inspector established. Idaho State Medical Society founded September 12. State Wool Growers Association started at Mountain Home September 25. First state game laws enacted. State Normal Schools (Colleges of Education) established at Lewiston and Albion. Legislature funds state wagon roads to connect north and south Idaho. Bannock and Fremont counties created. 1894 Albion Normal School opens January 8. Nez Perce Indian Reservation allotted to the Indians in parcels of 160 acres each, with the balance to be sold for the Indians’ benefit. Congress passes Carey Act, first main Snake River project in Twin Falls. Gold discovered in the Thunder Mountain country. prehensive irrigation law, providing for uniform use of public water, enacted 1895 Com on March 9. Lincoln and Blaine counties created. CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 33

44 1896 Normal School dedicated June 3. Idaho becomes first in the nation Lewiston in production of lead. Montpelier bank robbed by Butch Cassidy August 13. Idaho Legislature calls on Congress to extend the right to vote to women. Idaho Republicans split, Silver Republicans endorse William Jennings Bryan for President. Clashes between sheep and cattle industries culminate in the murder of sheepherders allegedly by “Diamondfield” Jack Davis. Cassia County created. President Grover Cleveland establishes Bitterroot Forest Reserve which includes 1897 much of north Idaho. Legislature acts to protect bison within the state. State Board of Medical Examiners established to regulate the practice of medicine. 1898 First Idaho regiment of military volunteers called into service for the Philippine insurrection of the Spanish-American War. Fort Hall Indian Reservation allotted to the Indians. 1899 P osition of State Fish and Game Warden created. Governor Steunenberg calls in federal troops to suppress riot in the Coeur d’Alene mining district following the dynamiting of the Bunker Hill and Sullivan concentrator. 1900 Idaho population: 161,772. New Y ork Canal completed. Democrats, Silver Republicans and Populists arrange party fusion for 1900 election. Idaho State Dairymen’s Association organized. Idaho Falls incorporated. 1901 The Fr ee Traveling Library (now known as the Idaho State Library) established. The Academy of Idaho (now Idaho State University) opens in Pocatello. 1902 A fter concluding that “Diamondfield” Jack Davis had been convicted by mistake, in a case growing out of the most notable incident of the Idaho sheep and cattle wars, the State Board of Pardons freed him. National Reclamation Act passed, providing for federal aid for irrigation. 1903 Idaho’s hunting and fishing licensing system began. The Idaho Industrial Training School founded at St. Anthony as a reform school for children. First Carey Act land opening at Shoshone. President Theodore Roosevelt plants maple tree on capitol grounds. 1904 City of Twin Falls platted. Chief Joseph dies September 21. Milner Dam on Snake River opens Twin Falls area to irrigated farming. $350,000 appropriated for construction of a new capitol building in Boise, 1905 actual construction cost exceeded $2,000,000. Insane asylum established at Orofino. The first train arrives at Twin Falls August 7. Sawtooth National Forest created. Former Governor Frank Steunenberg assassinated December 30. 1906 Steunenberg assassin Harry Orchard implicates three leaders of the Western Federation of Miners in the plot. The largest sawmill in the United States begins operation at Potlatch. Pioneer Monument at capitol grounds erected. “Steward Decree” adjudicates water rights along the Boise River. 1907 W illiam E. Borah elected to the U.S. Senate, where he gains an international reputation during thirty-three years of service. William D. Haywood is found not guilty of conspiracy and the assassination of Frank Steunenberg, at the end of an internationally celebrated trial, Harry Orchard sentenced to life in prison for the assassination. Idaho State Flag adopted. Idaho State Historical Society founded. Bonner and Twin Falls Counties created. Weiser baseball player Walter “Big Train” Johnson signs with the Washington Senators. 1908 Under President Roosevelt’s forest reserve policy, one-half of the state is organized into National Forest reserves. 1909 Idaho adopts direct primary and local option over regulation of liquor . Minidoka Dam completed. State Parks established at Heyburn, Shoshone Falls and Payette Lake. Allotment of Coeur d’Alene Indian Reservation. Provisions for rural high school districts established. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 34

45 Idaho Profile 1910 ho population: 325,594. Devastating forest fire consumes one-sixth of Ida north Idaho’s forests, destroying many communities, which leads to adoption of public/private partnership in spotting and fighting forest fires. 1911 State banking and highway district laws enacted. Buckeye tree planted on the capitol grounds by President William Howard Taft October 9. Search and seizure law enacted for enforcing liquor laws. Idaho State Sanitarium (now known as the Southwest Idaho Treatment Center) located at Nampa. Adams, Bonneville, Clearwater and Lewis Counties created. 1912 R evised revenue laws enacted, providing a new system of assessment, equalization, levy and collection of taxes. Constitutional amendments adopted authorizing initiative, referendum, and recall. State Board of Education established to supervise all levels of education within the state of Idaho. Public Utilities Commission established. Northwest Nazarene College in Nampa 1913 founded. First motor vehicle laws enacted by the legislature. Comprehensive system of revenue for state, county, municipal and school purposes enacted. School for the Deaf and Blind opens in Gooding. Franklin, Gooding, Jefferson, Madison, Minidoka and Power Counties created. 1914 Moses Alexander first elected Jewish governor in the United States. Arrowrock Dam completed. Columbia and Snake River improvements for 1915 navigation to Lewiston completed. Second Idaho Regiment of Infantry Volunteers organized into service at the call of President Woodrow Wilson for the Mexican Border War. The Academy of Idaho (now Idaho State University) becomes the Idaho Technical Institute. Idaho Horse and Cattle Association organized, later to become the Idaho Cattlemen’s Association. Benewah, Boundary, Gem and Teton Counties created. 1916 Constitutional amendment for statewide prohibition ratified. State highway program begins as part of the national good roads movement. 1917 Statewide prohibition goes into effect January 1. Workmen’s Compensation System and State Insurance Fund established. Annual state fair established at Boise. Ricks Academy becomes a college and is accredited by the State Board of Education. Butte, Camas, Payette and Valley Counties created. The battleship Idaho launched. N 1918 on-Partisan League takes over Idaho Democratic primary September 3, subsequently Idaho’s primary nominating system is abandoned for twelve years. 1919 Administrative consolidation enacted by legislature. Functions of fifty-one departments, boards and bureaus placed under nine administrative departments responsible to the governor. Bureau of Highways created to inaugurate a state highway system. Bureau of Constabulary organized May 18, with Department of Law Enforcement. First Music Week held in Boise. Lava Hot Springs established by Department of Public Welfare. City of Jerome incorporated. Jerome, Clark, and Caribou counties created. 1920 Idaho population: 431,866. Agricultural prices begin to deteriorate, creating a crisis which continues through the 1920’s. Whitebird Hill grade, connecting north and south Idaho opens. State Capitol completed. Idaho Wheat Growers Association formed. Constitutional amendment increases State Supreme Court from three to five members. Philo Farnsworth, 15-year-old student and inventor from Rigby, develops concepts which lead to invention of television and earn him the name “Father of Television.” 1922 State budget system establ ished. Radio broadcasting begins in Idaho with station KFAU located at Boise High School under the direction of Harry Redeker. Craters of the Moon National Monument establishe 1924 d. Black Canyon Dam completed. CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 35

46 1925 Union Pacific Railroad begins mainline service to Boise. State Forestry Board established. William E. Borah becomes Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. 1926 The Idaho State Chamber of Commerce organized. Federal air service came to the Northwest with a Pasco, Washington to Elko, Nevada flight with a stop in Boise. American F alls Dam completed. Perrine Memorial Bridge at Twin Falls 1927 completed. Palisades Reservoir created. Idaho Technical Institute in Pocatello redesignated the University of Idaho Southern Branch. 1928 R estoration of the “Old Mission” church near Cataldo begins. Commercial radio broadcasting begins in Idaho with the purchase of KFAU from Boise High School and renamed KIDO. Idaho population: 445,032. 1930 1931 The direct primary restored for statewide offices. State income tax adopted. U.S. Forest Service, in cooperation with the state Legislature, creates the Idaho Primitive Area. Legislature adopts “Here We Have Idaho” as state song, the syringa the official flower, and the Mountain Bluebird the state bird. 1932 Nonpartisan election of judges to Supreme Court and District Courts enacted. The Idaho Code annotated published. Association of Idaho Veterans of Foreign Wars organized. Boise Junior College opens. School Equalization Law adopted. North Idaho Junior College established at 1933 Coeur d’Alene. 1934 Sandpoint Bridge completed. Taylor Grazing Act passes U.S. Congress. Central and northern Idaho experience large mining developments for gold and silver. Idaho becomes first in the nation in silver production. 1935 repealed and State adopts Liquor Dispensary system. Statewide prohibition Indian children begin integration into public school system. State employment service established. Two percent sales tax enacted, but rejected by voters in referendum in 1936. Legislature provides for purchase of the site of Spalding Mission as a state park. Martial law declared in Teton County to put down a rebellion of pea pickers. Sun Valley established as a ski resort by the Union Pacific Railway in September. 1936 World’s first ski chair lift opens in Sun Valley. Martial law declared in Clearwater County during I.W.W. lumber strike. Celebration held in Lewiston to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of Spalding Mission. In March, William E. Borah became Idaho’s first Presidential candidate. 1937 Open primary system does away with requirement for declaration of party affiliation. 1938 P aving of the north-south highway (U.S. 95) completed. Fish and Game Commission established by initiative. Idaho Senator James P. Pope sponsors Agricultural Adjustment Act. 1939 State Junior College district law enacted. Idaho State Police established March 13. Joe Albertson opens his first supermarket in Boise. 1940 Idaho population: 524,873. Senator W illiam E. Borah dies January 19. Legislation creating a position of Comptroller to be appointed by the Governor, and taking away many powers of the State Auditor, ruled unconstitutional by the Courts. 1941 Gowen Field completed south of Boise and becomes a military air base. J.R. Simplot food dehydrator begins operations in Caldwell. arragut Naval Training Station established at Lake Pend Oreille. A Pocatello 1942 F army air base and gun relining plant established. Japanese-Americans placed in internment camp at Hunt. Two anti-liquor initiatives rejected by the voters. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 36

47 Idaho Profile Mountain Home Air Base site was approved. Mountain Home Army Air Field officially opened. 1944 Tax Commission established. Idaho’s first phosphate processing plant State 1945 constructed by the J.R. Simplot Company. 1946 Most recent Idaho Code published. A teacher’s retirement system established. Election of Idaho’s governor and other state officials for four-year terms begins. Two anti-liquor initiatives and an antigambling initiative defeated. A state school reorganization plan enacted. University of Idaho Southern 1947 Branch at Pocatello becomes Idaho State College. State Board of Corrections established. Idaho State Archives established. 1948 Bureau of R eclamation begins plans to construct a Hell’s Canyon dam in the Snake River for flood control. Idaho Senator Glen Taylor runs for Vice-President on Progressive Party ticket. 1949 eactor Testing Station near Arco established. National R ation: 588,637. State Highway Department established with 1950 Idaho popul provisions for nonpolitical administration. National Reactor Testing Station becomes site of the world’s first use of nuclear 1951 fission to produce electricity. Experimental Breeder Reactor No. 1 is later designated a National Landmark. State teacher’s colleges at Lewiston and Albion are closed. 1952 Anderson Ranch Dam completed. In August, Presidential candidate Dwight Eisenhower visits Boise and a rally for his candidacy is held on the Capitol steps. The rally was the largest held to date on the Capitol steps, with estimates varying between 20 and 30 thousand attending. 1953 T elevision comes to Idaho with KIDO-TV (now KTVB) in Boise July 12. C.J. Strike Dam dedicated. Supreme Court rules against Idaho law legalizing slot machines and other lottery devices. 1954 Submarine reactor tested and perfected at the National Reactor Testing Station. Voters approve initiative to regulate dredge mining. 1955 State Department of Commerce and Development established. Lewis-Clark Normal School opens at Lewiston. Lucky Peak Dam dedicated July 6. The Atomic Energy Commission lights Arco with electricity generated by atomic energy. C 1956 onstruction of Palisades Dam completed. Construction in Idaho of the National Interstate Highway System commenced. Constitutional amendment ratified to permit a governor to succeed himself for reelection. 1958 Boise-Stanley Highway Association established. Voters defeat “Right to Work” initiative. 1959 Brownlee Dam completed by Idaho Power Company, one of three dams built on the lower Snake River. 1960 Idaho population: 667,191. Seven month strike at Bunker Hill Mine. July and August forest fires in Hells Canyon and Idaho City area. State employee group insurance system established. Oxbow Dam completed on Snake River . W.A. Harriman and E. Rolland Harriman 1961 provided that their holdings at Railroad Ranch eventually become a state park, providing that the state establish a professionally managed park system. Ernest Hemingway dies in Ketchum July 2. Lewis and Clark highway (U.S. 12) in the Lochsa Canyon completed. 1962 1963 L egislative Council established. Idaho State College in Pocatello attains University status. Lewis-Clark Normal becomes a four year college. Horse Racing Act, to permit pari-mutuel betting, becomes law over Governor’s veto (first override in twenty years). Idaho celebrates Territorial Centennial. Combined convention and primary system implemented, parties attempt to 1964 CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 37

48 restrict the number of state primary candidates appearing on the ballot. Federal Court ends Bible reading in Boise public schools. parks department, water resource board, and personnel system created. 1965 State Nez Perce National Historic Park established in north-central Idaho. Boise Junior College given 4-year status as Boise College. 1966 Governor Smylie defeated for 4th term. Voters uphold 3 percent sales tax in referendum. Northern Pacific ends passenger service between Lewiston and Spokane. 1967 Le gislative Compensation Commission established. International Boy Scout Jamboree held at Farragut State Park. 1968 Hell’s Canyon Dam completed. 1969 An nual legislative sessions commence. Boise College was brought into the state system of higher education as Boise State College Idaho population: 713,015. V oters reject proposed revision of Idaho Constitution. 1970 Voters pass strict legislative pay initiative. National Farmers Organization stages 120 vehicle caravan to Boise to protest potato prices. 1971 Legislature enacts a stream protection law. Last log drive on the Clearwater River. Rail passenger service ends May 1 for all places in Idaho except Sandpoint. Fire destroys $25,000 worth of property during a riot at the Idaho State Penitentiary. 1972 New Idaho Uniform Probate Code goes into effect. Idaho voters return to open primary system. Sawtooth National Recreation Area established, including the Sawtooth Wilderness Area. Dworshak Dam completed. Constitutional amendment adopted requiring state government reorganization into no more than 20 agencies. Fire at the Sunshine Mine in Kellogg takes the lives of 91 men. 1973 U.S. Congress passes a bill to replace the deteriorating American F alls Dam. State 1974 agencies reorganized into 19 departments. Kootenai Indians in northern Idaho declare war on the U.S. government to gain money and land. Voters pass the Sunshine Initiative to require lobbyist registration and political campaign disclosure. Boise State College attains university status as Boise State University. Presidential Preference Primary to be held on the fourth T uesday of May 1975 adopted. White Bird Hill bypass opens June 16. Legislature passes Local Planning and Zoning Act. New prison opens south of Boise. Port of Lewiston opens to ocean-going shipping. 1976 Hells Canyon bill creates the scenic Hells Canyon National Recreation Area, and bans construction of hydroelectric projects in the canyon. Senator Frank Church becomes a candidate for President, the first Idahoan since William E. Borah in 1936. The 310 foot high Teton Dam collapses in southeastern Idaho, killing 11 and forcing 300,000 people to flee their homes. Constitutional amendment creates Citizens Committee on Legislative Compensation. The Public Utilities Commission rejects proposal by Idaho Power Company to build an electric coal-fired power plant between Boise and Mountain Home. 1977 Gov ernor Cecil D. Andrus resigns to become Secretary of the Interior. Legislature rescinds their 1972 ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment. Many Idaho counties declared disaster areas due to severe drought. Boise, Nampa, Mountain Home, Shoshone, and Pocatello become stops on Amtrak’s Seattle-Ogden line. 1978 President Jimmy Carter floats the River of No Return in central Idaho. Voters pass initiative limiting property taxes to 1 percent of market value. Pocatello businessman Bill Barlow wins U.S. Supreme Court decision against Occupational Safety and Health Administration. investigation by the Idaho Statesman reveals that plutonium had been 1979 An injected into the Snake River plain aquifer at the Idaho National Engineering IDAHO BLUE BOOK 38

49 Idaho Profile Laboratory. Senator Frank Church becomes Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. 1980 Idaho population: 944,038. An 18 hour riot at the Idaho State Prison results in $2 million in damages. Mount St. Helens erupts, covers north Idaho with volcanic ash. Interior Secretary Cecil Andrus, by executive order, expands the Birds of Prey Natural Area from 31,000 to 482,640 acres. Congress approves the Central Idaho Wilderness Act, establishing the 2.2 million acre River of No Return Wilderness. Congressman Steve Symms defeats Senator Frank Church in the most expensive campaign in Idaho history with over $4 million spent by the candidates and independent committees. 1981 Senator James McClure becomes Chairman of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Keith F. Nyborg, a rancher from Ashton, is appointed ambassador to Finland by President Reagan. “Rabbit Drives” in southeastern Idaho create controversy between animal protection groups and farmers whose crops are devastated by wild jack rabbits. Gulf Resources and Chemical of Houston, Texas announced the closure of the 98-year-old Bunker Hill Mine and Smelter in Kellogg. 1982 Legislature outlaws insanity plea for defendants - first in nation. Voters pass record eight constitutional amendments and three initiatives. Governor John Evans puts most state employees on 4-day work week for two months to lower projected budget deficit. Harriman State Park dedicated July 17. Fugitive Christopher Boyce, convicted of selling national security secrets to the Soviet Union, is captured near Bonners Ferry. 1983 imposes temporary 4 1/2 percent sales tax to cover state deficit. Legislature Eagle Island State Park dedicated June 25. State Supreme Court declares current legislative apportionment unconstitutional because it divides counties. Several north Idaho local governments pass resolutions to secede from southern Idaho and form a new state. An earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale kills two Challis children and causes four million dollars worth of damage October 28. The quake, centered in the Lost River Valley, was the largest in the continental United States in 24 years and left a 10-foot high, 15 mile long shear . 1984 Court imposes 42 member Senate, 84 member House in Legislative Supreme Redistricting Plan. Christin Cooper of Ketchum wins silver medal in the women’s giant slalom at the Olympic games in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. Harmon Killebrew of Payette is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Permanent sales tax set at 4 percent. Legislature approves Education Reform bill, allocating $20 million to improve teacher salaries statewide. Former Senator Frank Church dies April 7. U.S. Representative George Hansen defeated for reelection by Richard Stallings in closest Idaho congressional race in history - 170 votes. Populist Party sues for and obtains ballot status on November 6 General Election. Wallace celebrates centennial. Idaho Power Company and the State of Idaho reach agreement on Snake River Basin water rights. 1985 Shortest Legislative session in 12 years - 66 days. Department of Commerce established. National Governor’s Conference held in Boise. Jimmy Jausoro, a Basque musician from Boise is one of 12 folk artists nationwide (and the first Idahoan ever) to receive a prestigious 1985 National Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts. Pocatello citizens vote to remove council-manager system of city government in June. Potlatch Corporation closes lumber mills at Lewiston and Jaype (near Pierce), affecting 1,200 workers. Over six million acres of Idaho rangeland are sprayed with pesticides to battle grasshopper infestation. Dallas, convicted in 1982 for killing two Idaho Fish & Game Wardens, Claude 1986 CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 39

50 escapes from the Idaho State Penitentiary March 30. He is recaptured March 8, 1987 outside a convenience store in Riverside, California. Voters retain right-to-work law in referendum; also approve state lottery initiative. Barbara Morgan of McCall becomes NASA’s Teacher in Space designee. P ermanent sales tax at 5 percent. Legislature passes mandatory daycare licensing 1987 and tort reform legislation. Dry winter leads to severe summer drought. 1988 oters pass constitutional amendment removing prohibition against legislature V authorizing a state lottery. Governor Andrus begins temporary ban on shipments of nuclear waste into Idaho. First state lottery tickets sold July 19th. Worst forest fires since 1910, burn 1989 thousands of acres in south central Idaho, partially destroying town of Lowman. 1990 Population: 1,006,749. Idaho celebrates Statehood Centennial - July 3. Idaho Idaho State Senate split - 21 Democrats and 21 Republicans. tlanta, cutting off electrical power to residents and 1991 Kirby Dam collapses near A dumping arsenic, mercury and cadmium into the Middle Fork of the Boise River. Drought persists through fifth consecutive year. Sockeye salmon listed as threatened under the ESA. Fi 1992 re on the second and third floors of the State Capitol on January 1st caused 3.2 million dollars in damage. Worst forest fire season in Idaho’s recorded history. Randy Weaver and Kevin Harris surrender to federal officials on August 31st following a shootout and eleven day standoff at Weaver’s Boundary County cabin that left one U.S. Deputy Marshal and Weaver’s wife and son dead. Linda Copple Trout becomes the first woman appointed to the Idaho Supreme Court. Snake River Chinook salmon listed as threatened under the ESA. 1993 Normal winter and spring precipitation help to alleviate the drought. Kevin Harris acquitted of all charges and Randy Weaver convicted on minor charges following a 60-day federal trial stemming from the 1992 shoot-out with federal officials in Boundary County. 1994 Ezra T aft Benson, native of Whitney, Idaho, died on May 30. Benson had served as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture from 1953 to 1961 and head of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints since 1985. Summer wildfires burn approximately 750,000 acres. Picabo Street wins silver medal in downhill skiing during the Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer, Norway. Idaho ranks third nationwide in percentage population growth after the state added another 33,000 residents. 1995 Phil Batt sworn in as the first republican governor in twenty-five years. Legislature creates the Department of Juvenile Justice. Nuclear waste agreement signed. First year of five years in a row of normal or above normal water/ snowpack. 1996 Ma jor flooding in north Idaho. President Clinton visits Boise to discuss flooding. 1997 Ne w Year’s day floods in the Weiser and Payette River drainages of southwestern Idaho. Town of Banks condemned by federal government following mudslides. 1998 Picabo Street wins gold medal in giant slalom at Olympic winter games. 1999 First shipment of nuclear waste leaves INEEL for permanent storage at the federal Waste Isolation Pilot Project in New Mexico. Idaho Population: 1,211,537. Largest wildfires in recent history, 559,183 acres 2000 burn in Salmon-Challis National Forest, Payette National Forest and Bureau of Land Management, Idaho Falls District. 2001 Idaho filed suit against federal Grizzly Bear reintroduction plan. U.S. Dept of Labor grants $1 Million to aid displaced Jaype mill workers. Twenty-four Idaho counties declared drought disaster areas. Governor orders 2% holdback for state agencies and 1.5% holdback for public schools in response to softening IDAHO BLUE BOOK 40

51 Idaho Profile economy. Sawmill closings in Cascade and Horseshoe Bend leave only one mill south of the Salmon River. Largest salmon runs since 1978. 2002 Closure of the potato processing plant in Heyburn. Longest legislative session in history - 118 days. Sales tax goes to 6 percent. 2003 Expansion of Boise municipal airport. O 2004 n July 3rd Governor Kempthorne dedicated the Idaho State Veterans Cemetery. 612,786 ballots were cast in the November 2004 General Election, the highest number ever. J.R. and Esther Simplot donate residence above Bogus Basin Road to state as mansion for the governor, giving Idaho an official governor’s residence for the first time in 15 years. The Idaho National Guard’s 116th Brigade Combat Team called up for yearlong mission in northern Iraq, about 1,700 Idaho soldiers are part of the 4,300 member brigade. rine Corps reservists in Company C, 4th Tank Battalion, 5th Marine 2005 90 Ma Division based at Gowen Field deployed to Iraq. About 15 Boise-based Army reservists with the 321st Engineer Battalion based in Fort Lewis, WA. are in the Middle East. 100 members of the 124th Wing of the Idaho Air National Guard, including more than 20 members of the 189th Airlift Squadron, deployed to assignments in the Persian Gulf. Nez Perce water agreement passed Congress and Idaho legislature. This legislation ratifies a 30-year agreement, which calls for the Nez Perce to drop their claims to nearly all the water in the Snake River Basin. In exchange, the Tribe would have annual rights to 50,000 acre-feet of water from the Clearwater River, plus $80 million in cash. Hydrologists with the Idaho Department of Water Resources say lack of precipitation could make 2005 one of the worst on record. Sales tax reverts to 5 percent on July 1st. 2006 In January, Albertsons. Inc. agreed to sell the company to Minnesota-based Super-Valu Inc. and CVS Corp. During the Legislative Session, homeowner’s property tax exemption was raised from $50,000 to $75,000. In March, President Bush nominatesd Governor Dirk Kempthorne to be U.S. Secretary of Interior. Following confirmation hearings in May, Kempthorne headed to Washington, leaving Jim Risch at the helm in Idaho. In June, the Idaho Shakespeare Festival celebrated the opening of its 30th season. In August, Cabela’s opened its first store in Boise. Governor Risch called a special session of the Legislature to increase sales tax and revise the way the public schools are funded, the legislation passed. In November, the Rolling Stones play a sold- out show at the Idaho Center. Also in November, Boise State Broncos end their regular season with a 12-0 record, landing them a place in the Fiesta Bowl. 2007 Boise State Broncos won the Fiesta Bowl. Senator Larry Craig’s arrest becomes the biggest news story of the year. Governor C.L. “Butch” Otter and lawmakers temporarily halt work on the Idaho Capital expansion until a compromise is reached to scale back the underground wings to half their original size. Barack Obama visits Boise in February and draws a crowd of 14,000. Federal 2008 protections for gray wolves were lifted in March, but a federal judge ruled the delisting plan flawed in July. At the end of the year the future of wolf management was still uncertain. Sales slumped for auto dealers as gasoline prices reached $4 per gallon over the summer. The dour economy resulted in at least 44,000 workers without jobs in November. A record 667,506 Idahoans cast ballots in the November General Election. 2009 The continuing recession topped headlines in 2009. Tamarack Resort closed ski operations to the public in February due to it’s ongoing solvency problems. The legislative session was the second longest in state history, 117 days. Idaho was joined by Montana in opening the first gray wolf hunts in the lower 48 states after the animal was removed from the endangered list. CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 41

52 2010 The economy was again the top news story for the second year in a row. In March, Governor C.L. “Butch” Otter was the first Governor in the nation to sue the federal government over provisions in nationwide health care reform. In August wolves were re-listed on the endangered list after a US District Judge ruled the federal government erred by delisting gray wolves in Idaho and Montana. A road permit ignited an uproar, with the first megaload ConocoPhillips trucks traveling along Highway 12 from Lewiston to Billings, Montana. The most hotly debated topic was education reform during the Legislative 2011 Session. There were three bills passed, one affecting teacher contracts and negotiations, one regarding performance pay, and one regarding technology and online classes for students. Opponents of the education reform laws organized and collected signatures to place referendums on the 2012 General Election Ballot. Corrections Corporation of America had numerous complaints about staffing and management of the private prison that they run for the State. Lewiston’s only sawmill was acquired by on the the nations largest lumber manufacturers, Clearwater Paper for approximately $30 million the week of Thanksgiving. T he second Redistricting Commission produced unanimous support for a 2012 new 35 district legislative plan in 16 days, Plan L93. Hecla Mining Company announced in January that it would close the Lucky Friday silver mine in Mullan for a year to clean its main shaft as required by federal regulators. Job losses had a significant impact on the local economy. On February 3rd, Micron Technology Chairman and CEO Steve Appleton died in a small plan accident in Boise. Voters at the 2012 General Election voted on three referendums to reject the education laws that were passed by the Legislature; all three laws were rejected. In December Idaho Falls based Melaleuca broke ground on a new 371,000 square foot headquarters. 2013 Idaho celebrates its Territorial Sesquicentennial – 150 years since Abraham Lincoln created the Idaho Territory. In January, State Controller Brandon Woolf launched “Transparent Idaho,” a webite that provides public access to a vast amount of state data. In compliance with the federal Affordable Care Act, Idaho launches Yourhealthidaho.org, the state’s insurance exchange. Pete Cenarrusa, who served 9 terms in the Idaho House, and who was the Idaho Secretary of State for 36 years, died on September 29th. He is Idaho’s longest serving elected official, representing the people of Idaho for 52 years. 2014 “ Add the Words” activists, who seek to add the words “sexual orientation” and “gender identity” to the Idaho Human Rights Act, protest repeatedly throughout the legislative session. The Legislature passes two controversial bills – the “Ag-Gag” bill, and the “Guns on Campus” bill. The “Ag-Gag” bill is a legislative effort to prevent interference or injury to agricultural production. The “Guns on Campus” bill allows for the carrying of concealed weapons on college campuses. Governor C.L. “Butch” Otter signed both bills into law. Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, of Sun Valley, was released from being a Taliban hostage on May 31st. District and circuit courts overturn Idaho’s ban on gay marriage, which Idaho appeals to the US Supreme Court. Former Governor John V. Evans died on July 8th. Mr. Evans spent 32 years in public service, as an Idaho senator, as the Mayor of Malad, as Lieutenant Governor, and as Governor. 2015 I daho sees its worst fire season since 1926, with wild fires burning over 800,000 acres. The National Register of Historic Places adds the Ernest Hemingway IDAHO BLUE BOOK 42

53 Idaho Profile House in Ketchum. The “Ag-Gag” law from the previous year is found unconstitutional by the U.S. District Court. President Barak Obama signs the Sawtooth National Recreation Area and the Jerry Peak Wilderness Additions Act into law, designating three new wilderness areas. Boise author Anthony Doerr wins the Pulizter Prize for fiction with his novel, “All the Light We Cannot See.” Governor Otter calls a special session of the Idaho Legislature to address the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act, which ultimately passes both the House and the Senate. 2016 S1389, making it legal to carry a concealed gun in cities, without Idaho enacts a permit. The Navy and U.S. Department of Energy announce plans to build a $1.6 billion nuclear waste facility near the Idaho National Laboratory, designed to handle spent fuel from nuclear-powered warships. Paying homage to Evel Knievel and his failed attempt, stuntman Eddie Braun successfully jumps the Snake River Canyon. Harvested from the Payette National Forest near McCall, an 80-foot Englemann spruce is selected to serve as the U.S. Capitol Christmas Tree. CHAPTER 1: Idaho Profile 43

54 44 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

55 Federal Government US Capitol Building Photo courtesy of Architect of the Capitol

56 Congressional Districts 46 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

57 U.S. Congress Article I of the U.S. Constitution states agencies to determine if they are following government policy, and may introduce new that, “All legislative Powers herein granted legislation based on what they discover. shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and a Bills accepted by both houses of Con - House of Representatives.” This bicameral gress and by the President become law. legislature (a governing body with two However, the President may veto a bill houses) is the primary lawmaking body in and return it to Congress. Congress then Federal the U.S. government. To solve problems, reviews the reasons for the rejection but Members of Congress introduce legislative may still act to pass the bill. The U.S. Con - proposals called bills or resolutions. After stitution allows Congress to override the considering these proposals Members vote President’s veto with a two-thirds majority to adopt or to reject them. Members of vote of both the House and the Senate. Congress also review the work of executive Members of Congress House Members of the Senate and of the elected for a period of six years, while of Representatives are known respectively representatives are elected for a period as senators and representatives. Each of two years. Furthermore, senators and Member of Congress is elected by representatives must meet the following receiving the greatest number of votes minimum requirements: in the general election. Senators are United States Senator United States Representative At least 30 years of age • • At least 25 years of age United States citizen for at least United States citizen for at least • • 9 years 7 years • Must inhabit the state for which • Must inhabit the state for which he or she is chosen he or she is chosen Term off office - 6 years • Term off office - 2 years • US Capitol Building Photo courtesy of Architect of the Capitol CHAPTER 2: Federal Government 47

58 United States Senator Michael D. Crapo Senator Crapo is serving his fourth term as a United States Senator from Idaho. The start of the 115th Congress marked a move in overall Senate seniority for Mike, now ranked 18th. Senator Crapo serves as Chief Deputy Whip and on more than 30 caucuses, which provide an organized forum to join with others in advocating for a wide range of issues. Crapo is also the co-founder of the COPD Caucus, which focused on educating members of Congress about cardio-obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In the 115th Congress, Senator Crapo serves on five committees. He serves as the Chairman of the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee, which has jurisdiction over efforts to promote the stability of the financial system and responsible lending to families and businesses. This includes oversight of federal policy concerning public and private housing, insurance, financial institutions, securities markets, equity investment, urban development, mass transit, foreign trade promotion and economic policy. Senator Crapo is the senior Republican on the Senate Finance Committee, and three Finance Subcommittees: Taxation and Oversight; Social Security, Pensions and Family Policy; and Energy, Natural Resources and Infrastructure. He serves on the Senate Judiciary Committee, and four subcommittees: The Constitution; Immigration and the National Interest; Oversight, Agency Action, Federal Rights, and Federal Courts; and Privacy, Technology and the Law. The Senator also serves on the the Budget Committee and Indian Affairs Committee. Senator Crapo served three terms as Idaho’s 2nd District Representative in the U.S. House of Representatives and eight years in the Idaho State Senate before coming to the U.S. Senate. During his tenure in the U.S. House, he served on the House Commerce Committee, the House Resources Committee, and the House Agriculture Committee. In the State Senate, he represented Bonneville County, his home county, from 1984 to 1992. From 1988 to 1992, he served as the Senate President Pro Tempore, the chief elected officer in the State Senate. Professionally, Senator Crapo was a partner in the law firm of Holden, Kidwell, Hahn & Crapo prior to his service in Congress. He is a member of the Idaho and California Bar Associations and the Bar of the U.S. Supreme Court. Crapo received his Juris Doctorate cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1977, and he graduated summa cum laude from Brigham Young University in 1973 with a B.A. in political science. Following graduation from law school, Crapo served a one-year clerkship with the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. Senator Crapo and his wife, Susan, have five children and nine grandchildren. Political Party : Republican Salary: $174,000.00 Washington DC Office: 239 Dirksen Senate Office Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20510 Phone: (202) 224-6142 State Offices: 251 E Front Street, Suite 205, Boise 83702, (208) 334-1776; 610 W Hubbard, Suite 209, Coeur d’Alene 83814, (208) 664-5490; 410 Memorial Dr, Suite 204, Idaho Falls 83402, (208) 522-9779; 313 D Street, Suite 105, Lewiston 83501, (208) 743-1492; 275 S 5th Avenue, Suite 225, Pocatello 83201, (208) 236-6775; 202 Falls Ave, Suite 2, Twin Falls 83301, (208) 734-2515 Website: crapo.senate.gov IDAHO BLUE BOOK 48

59 United States Senator James E. Risch Senator James Risch is a rancher and attorney from Ada County. He attended the University of Idaho where he obtained his Bachelor of Science in Forestry in 1965. He continued his education at the University of Idaho, receiving his Juris Doctor in 1968. In 1970 and 1974 Senator Risch was elected as the Federal Ada County Prosecuting Attorney; during this period he also taught law at Boise State University. In 1974 Risch was elected to the Idaho State Senate, a position he held for 22 of the next 28 years. He spent 12 of those years as Majority Leader of the Idaho State Senate and six years as President Pro Tem. Risch was elected Lieutenant Governor of Idaho in November 2002. Jim Risch served as the 31st Governor of Idaho. He was first elected to the U.S. Senate in 2008 and was re-elected for a second term in 2014. Senator Risch is involved in many community activities. He is a member of the Idaho Cattleman’s Association, National Cattleman’s Beef Association, Idaho Bar Association, Ducks Unlimited, National Rifle Association, National Arbor Day Foundation, Congressional Sportsmen Foundation, and National Trust for Historic Preservation. He has also received many awards and honors including National Conference of State Legislators Leadership Award, Idaho Farm Bureau “Friend of Agriculture,” NFIB Guardian of Small Business, U.S. Chamber of Commerce Spirit of Enterprise and is a member of the Idaho Republican Hall of Fame. Jim has been married to his wife Vicki for more 45 years. They have three sons James, Jason and Jordan, as well as seven grandchildren. Senator Risch and Vicki live on a ranch outside of Boise and maintain an apartment in Washington, D.C. Political Party: Republican Salary: $174,000.00 Washington DC Office: 483 Russell Building, Washington DC 20510, Phone: (202) 224-2752, Fax: (202) 224-2573 District Offices: 350 North 9th Street, Suite 302, Boise 83702, Phone: (208) 342-7985, Fax: (208) 343-2458; Harbor Plaza, Suite 213, 610 Hubbard, Coeur d’Alene 83814, Phone: (208) 667-6130, Fax: (208) 765-1743; 901 Pier View Dr, Suite 202A, Idaho Falls 83402, Phone: (208) 523-5541, Fax: (208) 523-9373; 313 D St, Suite 106, Lewiston 83501, Phone: (208) 743-0792, Fax: (208) 746-7275; 275 South 5th Ave, Suite 290, Pocatello 83201, Phone: (208) 236-6817, Fax: (208) 236-6820; 1411 Falls Avenue East, Suite 201, Twin Falls 83301, Phone: (208) 734-6780, Fax: (208) 734-3905 www.risch.senate.gov Website: CHAPTER 2: Federal Government 49

60 U.S. Congressman ~ District 1 Raúl Labrador Congressman Raúl Labrador is serving his fourth term representing the First Congressional District, which stretches from Nevada to Canada on Idaho’s western side. He is a graduate of Brigham Young University and the University of Washington Law School. He worked as a law clerk for the U.S. District Court in Boise, before opening a law practice that included immigration and criminal defense. He served two terms in the Idaho House of Representatives before his election to Congress in 2010. Labrador serves on the Natural Resources and Judiciary committees and chairs the Judiciary Sub - committee on Immigration and Border Security. He is a leader on efforts to improve federal land management and on immigration and criminal justice reform. In 2015 he helped found the House Freedom Caucus, a group of reform-minded conservatives fighting for fiscal restraint and limited government. In addition to public service, his primary interest is spending time with his wife, Rebecca, and their five children: Michael, Katerina, Joshua, Diego, and Rafael. The fam - ily lives in Eagle. Labrador was born Dec. 8, 1967, in Puerto Rico. At age 13, he and his single mother moved to Las Vegas. Political Party: Republican Salary: $174,000.00 Washington DC Office: 1523 Longworth HOB, Washington DC 20515, Phone: (202) 225-6611, Fax: (202) 225-3029 District Offices: 1250 Ironwood Drive, #243, Coeur d’Alene ID 83814, Phone: (208) 667-0127, Fax: (208) 667-0310; 310 Main Street, Lewiston ID 83501, Phone: (208) 743-1388, Fax: (208) 743-0247; 33 E. Broadway Avenue, Meridian ID 83642, Phone: (208) 888-3188, Fax: (208) 888-0894 labrador.house.gov Website: IDAHO BLUE BOOK 50

61 U.S. Congressman ~ District 2 Michael Simpson Michael (Mike) K. Simpson is serving his tenth term in the House of Representatives for Idaho’s Second Congressional District. Mike serves on the House Appropriations Com - mittee. He is the Chairman for the Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development. He also serves on Federal the Interior and Environment Subcommittee and the Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Subcommittee. These commit- tees have jurisdiction over funding for a number of programs critical to Idaho, including the Department of Energy, the Department of the Interior, the Forest Service, our National Parks, the National Endowment for the Arts, and Smithsonian Institute. Simpson is one of the House’s leading advocates for a new energy policy and a renewed commitment to research and development of improved nuclear energy technologies. Mike has also gained national attention for his bill to split the massive, overburdened 9th Circuit Court of Appeals as well as his Sawtooth National Recreation Area and Jerry Peak Wilderness Additions Act which addresses the concerns of economic growth and stability for rural Idaho and resolves long time wilderness debate over the Boulder-White Clouds and was signed into law in August of 2015. His political career began in 1980, when he was elected to the Blackfoot City Council. In 1984, he was elected to the Idaho Legislature where he served until 1998, the last six years serving as Speaker. Simpson was born in Burley, Idaho and raised in Blackfoot. He graduated from Utah State University and earned his DMD from Washington University School of Dental Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri. After graduation, he joined his father and uncle at the Simpson Family Dental Practice in Blackfoot. Mike is an avid golfer and enjoys painting. He has been married to his wife Kathy for over 40 years and they live in Idaho Falls. Political Party: Republican Salary: $174,000.00 Washington DC Office: 2084 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington D.C. 20515, Phone: (202) 225-5531, Fax: (202) 225-8216 District Offices: 802 W Bannock, Suite 600, Boise 83702, Phone: (208) 334-1953, Fax: (208) 334-9533; 410 Memorial Drive, Suite 203, Idaho Falls 83402, Phone: (208) 523-6701, Fax: (208) 523-2384; 1341 Fillmore Street #202, Twin Falls 83301, Phone: (208) 734-7219, Fax: (208) 734-7244; 275 S 5th Ave #275, Pocatello 83201, Phone: (208) 233-2222, Fax: (208) 233-2095 www.house.gov/simpson Website: CHAPTER 2: Federal Government 51

62 Territorial Delegates to U.S. Congress 1863-1889 Name/Party* Term of Office Remarks Elected 1863 02/01/1864 to 03/03/1865 William H. Wallace (R) Edward D. Holbrook (D) Elected 1864; reelected 1866 03/04/1865 to 03/03/1869 Jacob K. Shafer (D) 03/04/1869 to 03/03/1871 Elected 1868 03/04/1871 to 03/03/1873 Elected 1870 Samuel A. Merritt (D) 03/04/1873 to 03/03/1875 John Hailey (D) Elected 1872 Elected 1874; election chal- Thomas W. Bennett 03/04/1875 to 06/23/1876 lenged, unseated Seated by Congress; elected Stephen S. Fenn (D) 06/23/1876 to 03/03/1879 1876 George Ainslie (D) 03/04/1879 to 03/03/1883 Elected 1878; reelected 1880 Theodore F. Singiser (R) 03/04/1883 to 03/03/1885 Elected 1882 John Hailey (D) 03/04/1885 to 03/03/1887 Elected 1884 Fred T. Dubois (D) 03/04/1887 to 07/03/1890 Elected 1886; reelected 1888 Source: Biographical Directory of the American Congress United States Senators Position 1 Elected by Legislature 1890, 12/18/1890 to 03/03/1901 George L. Shoup (R) 1894 Fred T. Dubois (D - S.R.) 03/04/1901 to 03/03/1907 Elected by Legislature 1900 Elected by Legislature 1907, 1912; elected by voters 1918; William E. Borah (R) 03/04/1907 to 01/19/1940 reelected 1924, 1930, 1936; died in office Appointed; elected 1940; John Thomas (R) 01/27/1940 to 11/10/1945 reelected 1942; died in office Charles C. Gossett (D) 11/17/1945 to 11/5/1946 Appointed 11/6/1946 to 01/02/1949 Elected 1946 Henry C. Dworshak (R) 01/03/1949 to 10/08/1949 Elected 1948; died in office Bert H. Miller (D) Appointed; elected 1950; reelected 1954, 1960; died in 10/14/1949 to 07/23/1962 Henry C. Dworshak (R) office Appointed; elected 1962; Len B. Jordan (R) 08/06/1962 to 01/02/1973 reelected 1966 Elected 1972; reelected 1978, James A. McClure (R) 01/03/1973 to 01/02/1991 1984 Elected 1990; reelected 1996, Larry E. Craig (R) 01/03/1991 to 01/02/2009 2002 James E. Risch 01/03/2009 to present Elected 2008; reelected 2014 Position 2 William J. McConnell (R) Elected by Legislature 1890 12/18/1890 to 03/03/1891 03/04/1891 to 03/03/1897 Fred T. Dubois (R) Elected by Legislature 1891 Henry Heitfeld (P) 03/04/1897 to 03/03/1903 Elected by Legislature 1897 Elected by Legislature 1903, Weldon B. Heyburn (R) 03/04/1903 to 10/17/1912 1909; died in office 11/18/1912 to 02/05/1913 Kirkland I. Perky (D) Appointed Elected by Legislature 1912; James H. Brady (R) 02/06/1913 to 01/12/1918 Elected by voters 1914; died in office Appointed; elected 1918; John F. Nugent (D) 01/22/1918 to 01/14/1921 resigned IDAHO BLUE BOOK 52

63 (cont.) United States Senators Remarks Term of Office Name/Party* Appointed; elected 1920; Frank R. Gooding (R) 01/15/1921 to 06/24/1928 reelected 1926; died in office Appointed; elected 1928 06/30/1928 to 03/03/1933 John Thomas (R) Elected 1932 03/04/1933 to 01/02/1939 James P. Pope (D) D. Worth Clark (D) Elected 1938 01/03/1939 to 01/02/1945 Glen H. Taylor (D) 01/03/1945 to 01/02/1951 Elected 1944 Elected 1950 01/03/1951 to 01/02/1957 Herman Welker (R) Federal Elected 1956; reelected 1962, 01/03/1957 to 01/02/1981 Frank Church (D) 1968, 1974 Steven D. Symms (R) 01/03/1981 to 01/02/1993 Elected 1980; reelected 1986 Dirk Kempthorne (R) 01/03/1993 to 01/02/1999 Elected 1992 Elected 1998; reelected 2004, 01/03/1999 to present Michael Crapo (R) 2010, 2016 United States Representatives One At-large Representative (1890 – 1913) Willis Sweet (R) Elected 1890; reelected 1892 1890 to 1895 03/04/1895 to 03/03/1897 Edgar Wilson (R) Elected 1894 James Gunn (D-P) 03/04/1897 to 03/03/1899 Elected 1896 03/04/1899 to 03/03/1901 Elected 1898 Edgar Wilson (D-SR) 03/04/1901 to 03/03/1903 Elected 1900 Thomas L. Glenn (D-P-SR) Elected 1902; reelected 1904, Burton L. French (R) 03/04/1903 to 03/03/1909 1906 Thomas L. Hamer (R) 03/04/1909 to 03/03/1911 Elected 1908 Burton L. French (R) Elected 1910 03/04/1911 to 03/03/1913 Two At-large Representatives (1913 – 1919) Elected 1912; reelected 1914, Addison T. Smith (R) 01/03/1913 to 01/02/1919 1916 Burton L. French (R) 01/03/1913 to 01/02/1915 Elected 1912 Robert M. McCracken (R) 01/03/1915 to 01/02/1917 Elected 1914 Burton L. French (R) 01/03/1917 to 01/02/1919 Elected 1916 District 1 Elected 1918; reelected 1920, Burton L. French (R) 03/04/1919 to 03/03/1933 1922, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1930 Elected 1932; reelected 1934, Compton I. White (D) 03/04/1933 to 01/02/1947 1936, 1938, 1940, 1942, 1944 01/03/1947 to 01/02/1949 Elected 1946 Abe McGregor Goff (R) 01/03/1949 to 01/02/1951 Elected 1948 Compton I. White (D) John T. Wood (R) 01/03/1951 to 01/02/1953 Elected 1950 Elected 1952; reelected 1954, 01/03/1953 to 01/02/1963 Gracie Pfost (D) 1956, 1958, 1960 Compton I. White, Jr (D) 01/03/1963 to 01/02/1967 Elected 1962; reelected 1964 Elected 1966; reelected 1968, James A. McClure (R) 01/03/1967 to 01/02/1973 1970 Elected 1972; reelected 1974, 01/03/1973 to 01/02/1981 Steven D. Symms (R) 1976, 1978 Elected 1980; reelected 1982, Larry E. Craig (R) 01/03/1981 to 01/02/1991 1986, 1988 Larry LaRocco (D) 01/03/1991 to 01/02/1995 Elected 1990; reelected 1992 CHAPTER 2: Federal Government 53

64 United States Representatives (cont.) Remarks Name/Party* Term of Office Elected 1994; reelected 1996, 01/03/1995 to 01/03/2001 Helen Chenoweth (R) 1998 Elected 2000; reelected 2002, C.L. “Butch” Otter (R) 01/03/2001 to 01/03/2007 2004 Elected 2006 Bill Sali (R) 01/03/2007 to 01/02/2009 Walt Minnick (D) 01/03/2009 to 01/02/2011 Elected 2008 Elected 2010; reelected 2012, Raúl Labrador (R) 01/03/2011 2014, 2016 District 2 Elected 1918; reelected 1920, 03/04/1919 to 03/03/1933 Addison T. Smith (R) 1924, 1926, 1928, 1930 Elected 1932; died 6/8/1934 03/04/1933 to 06/08/1934 Thomas C. Coffin (D) Elected 1934; reelected 1936 01/03/1935 to 01/03/1939 D. Worth Clark (D) Elected 1938; reelected 1940, Henry C. Dworshak (R) 01/03/1939 to 01/02/1947 1942 01/03/1947 to 01/02/1951 Elected 1938; reelected 1940 John Sanborn (R) Elected 1950; reelected 1952, 01/03/1951 to 01/02/1961 Hamer Budge (R) 1954, 1956, 1958 Ralph R. Harding (D) Elected 1960; reelected 1962 01/03/1961 to 01/02/1965 01/03/1965 to 01/02/1969 Elected 1964; reelected 1966 George V. Hansen (R) Elected 1968; reelected 1970, 01/03/1969 to 01/02/1975 Orval Hansen (R) 1972 Elected 1974; reelected 1976, George V. Hansen (R) 01/03/1975 to 01/02/1985 1978, 1980, 1982 Elected 1984; reelected 1986, Richard Stallings (D) 01/03/1985 to 01/02/1993 1990 Elected 1992; reelected 1994, 01/03/1993 to 01/02/1999 Michael Crapo (R) 1996 Elected 1998; reelected 2000, Michael Simpson (R) 01/03/1999 to present 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 *Party Designations: (R) Republican; (D) Democrat; (S.R.) Silver Republican; (P) Populist Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Hagerman State Park Cook Shelter IDAHO BLUE BOOK 54

65 Executive Branch Governor’s Office Photo courtesy of Taner Oz

66 Department Senate Legislative Representatives Branch Lands Administration of House of Department Shading indicates elective offices of Department Finance Department Lieutenant Recreation of Parks & Governor of Department Agriculture of Secretary of State Department Fish and Game Police Idaho State Department Commerce Attorney General The People of Idaho of Department Health and Self-Governing Department of Welfare Agencies Executive Governor Branch Department Correction of Controller Department Tax Commission Insurance State Idaho State of State Board of Office of the Education Treasurer State Department of Corrections Transportation Juvenile Department of Environmental Department of Superintendent Instruction Quality of Public Department Water Resources Labor Department of of Supreme Court of Judicial Appeals Branch Courts Court Trial

67 Qualifications of Executive Officers All executive officers are elected by the greatest number of voters, to a four year term. He or she must be a U.S. citizen, and must be a resident of Idaho for at least 2 years. Other mimimum qualifications for executive officers are: Governor State Treasurer 25 Years Old • 30 Years Old • Attorney General Lieutenant Governor • 30 Years Old 30 Years Old • Executive • Admitted to the practice of Secretary of State law in Idaho 25 Years Old • Superintendent of Public Instruction State Controller 25 Years Old • • 25 Years Old • Have a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university Northern Pacific Railway Depot Photo courtesy of Idaho Tourism CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 57

68 Governor C.L. “Butch” Otter C.L. “Butch” Otter became only the second person ever elected to a third consecutive term as Governor of Idaho on November 4, 2014. He previously served three terms in Congress representing Idaho’s 1st District (2001-2006). Governor Otter is a father of four and grandfather of seven. He is married to the former Lori Easley. They live on their ranch near Star. Governor Otter was born in Caldwell on May 3, 1942. He graduated from St. Teresa’s Academy (now Bishop Kelly High School) in Boise, attended Boise Junior College (now Boise State University), and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from the College of Idaho in 1967. He served honorably in the Idaho Army National Guard’s 116th Armored Cavalry from 1968 to 1973, and later was awarded honorary doctorates from Mindanao State University in the Philippines and Albertson College of Idaho in Caldwell. Governor Otter’s 30-year career in business included membership on the Board of Directors of J.R. Simplot Company. He also served as Director of the Food Products Division, President of Simplot Livestock, and President of Simplot International. He retired in 1993. Governor Otter previously was elected to four terms as Idaho’s Lieutenant Governor. He served 14 years in that office — longer than anyone in Idaho history. He also represented the people of Canyon County in the Idaho House of Representatives for two terms (1973-1976), was on the Idaho Republican Party Central Committee and was Chairman of the Canyon County Republican Party. Governor Otter is a member of the Roman Catholic Church, the National Rifle Association, the Maple Grove State Grange, the Idaho Cowboys Association, the American Legion, Idaho 4-H Million Dollar Club, a Grand Slam member of Ducks Unlimited, and a lifetime member of Safari Club International. Address: 700 W Jefferson Street, Suite W-223, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0034 Phone: (208) 334-2100 Fax: (208) 854-3036 Website: gov.idaho.gov Political Party: Salary: $124,436 Republican Duties: The governor is vested with the supreme executive power in the state. He appoints department heads and members of boards and commissions. The governor issues executive orders which have the force and effect of law. The governor drafts and recommends a budget to the state legislature. On extraordinary occasions the governor can convene special sessions of the legislature. He must give final approval, by signing bills passed by the legislature. He has the power to veto bills but must list his objections. The legislature can override a veto by a two-thirds vote of each chamber. The governor is commander-in-chief of the military forces, except when they are called into actual service of the United States. He is President of the Board of Examiners and Chairman of the Board of Land Commissioners. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 58

69 Lieutanant Governor Brad Little Brad Little was appointed Lieutenant Governor by Governor C.L. “Butch” Otter on January 6, 2009, elected to the position in November 2010, and reelected in November 2014. A native of Emmett in Gem County, Idaho, Little holds a Bachelor of Science in Agribusiness from the University of Idaho. He is the third-generation owner of a cattle, farming and investment business in Idaho’s Treasure Valley. previously served in the Senate for four Little terms (2001 through early 2009), where he was Executive elected Majority Caucus Chairman in 2003. Little is a former chairman of the Idaho Association of Commerce and Industry (IACI), American Land and Resources Foundation and Idaho Business Week Foundation, and is past-president of the Idaho Wool Growers Association. He has served as vice-chairman of the Idaho Community Foundation and the Emmett Schools Foundation, and held a board position on the High Country News Foundation and the University of Idaho Foundation. He currently serves on the board of directors of a small Boise-based manufacturing company, as well as the State Capitol Commission, the Leadership in Nuclear Energy Commission 2.0 and the Idaho Credit Rating Enhancement Committee. Little received the Pat Harwood award in 2006 for his contributions to the future of Idaho’s business environment. Brad and his wife Teresa (a native of Weiser, Idaho) have two married sons and (at the time of printing) four grandchildren. Address: 700 W Jefferson Street, Suite E-219, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0057 Phone: (208) 334-2200 Fax: (208) 334-3259 Website: lgo.idaho.gov Political Party: Salary: $43,553 Republican Duties: Presides over the Senate, stands first in line of succession to the Governor, and is Acting Governor when the Governor is physically outside the state or otherwise unable to serve. Elected constitutional official, Article IV, Section 1. Title 67, Chapter 8, Idaho Code . CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 59

70 Secretary of State Lawerence Denney Lawerence Denney was sworn in as Idaho’s twenty-seventh Secretary of State on January 5, 2015. A life-long Idahoan, Lawerence’s life experiences helped him develop a strong work ethic. Upon graduation from Midvale (Idaho) High School, Lawerence continued his education at the University of Idaho graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in Agricultural Economics. Following graduation he served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War and received the Bronze Star. After serving his country, Lawerence worked in the timber and mining industry as well as owned and worked the family farm with his wife, Donna. They raised four children (Toni, Jennifer, Stephanie, and Michael). In addition, they have eight grandchildren. their children were growing up, he enjoyed working with young people While (coaching track and boys basketball) from the communities of Cambridge and Midvale. During the early 1980’s, he drove the school bus to the ski lodge at Hitt Mountain and taught many young people to ski. Lawerence served as EMT and volunteer fireman for many years. He has been an active member of his church, serving on many of their boards. In 1990 Lawerence began his tenure in the Idaho House of Representatives with his election as State Representative from District 13. Beginning in 1996, he represented District 9, until his election as Secretary of State. In 1998 he embarked on his leadership career serving as Assistant Majority Leader in 1998 (two terms), Majority Leader in 2002 (two terms), and three terms as Speaker starting in 2006. Following his tenure as Speaker, he served as a member of the House Resources and Conservation Committee serving as Chairman for one term (2012-2014). Lawerence was named recipient of the Idaho Republican Party Outstanding Administrator for 2014, Idaho Republican Party Outstanding Republican Legislator for 2012, Cornerstone Institute’s Cornerstone Statesman for 2006, Idaho Freedom Foundation’s Friend of Freedom Innovation Award for 2013, Idaho Chooses Life’s Friend for Life Award, and selected several times as a Friend of Agriculture by the Idaho Farm Bureau. Address: 700 W Jefferson Street, Suite E-205, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0080 Phone: (208) 334-2300 Fax: (208) 334-2282 Website: www.sos.idaho.gov Political Party : Republican Salary: $105,771 Duties: Member of Board of Land Commissioners, Board of Examiners, chairman of the Board of Canvassers; Chief Elections Officer; keeper of the Great Seal of the State. Prepares the Session Laws, file all bills of the Legislature, file proclamations, Executive Orders of the Governor, extraditions, tort claims, and miscellaneous legislative and executive documents. He compiles, publishes and administers the election laws and election calendar, certifies abstracts of votes from counties, and issues certificates of election. Administers the “Sunshine Law” for campaign financing and lobbyist activity disclosure. The Secretary of State’s office files business registrations, UCC financing statements, trademarks, service marks and notary public appointments, administers the Health Care Directive Registry, Will Registry and the Address Confidentiality Program. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 60

71 State Controller Brandon D. Woolf Brandon Woolf, Idaho’s 21st State Controller, grew up and attended schools in Preston, Idaho, merited the rank of Eagle Scout, graduated from Utah State University with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science (Cum Laude) and a minor in Dutch, and earned a Master of Business Administration from Boise State University. In 1994 he married Janalee Balls, who also hails from Preston. They have three children and are active members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Starting as an intern in the State Controller’s Office in 1997, Brandon quickly rose through the Executive ranks serving in a variety of leadership positions which led to his appointment to the post of State Controller in 2012. In 2014 he was elected by the citizens of Idaho to his first full term of office. As your State Controller Brandon has spearheaded efforts to improve citizen access to government records, to modernize the state’s fiscal systems, and to account for every penny of the taxpayers’ money in accordance with the law. He also launched a comprehensive State of Idaho financial transparency website which provides citizens with near real-time data and historical reports about their state government. As a national leader on issues impacting state government financial management, Brandon serves a member of the Government Finance Officers Association (GFOA), and sits on the National Association of State Comptrollers’ (NASC) executive committee. He also chairs NASC’s outreach committee. Address : 700 W State Street, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0011 Phone : (208) 334-3100 Fax : (208) 334-2671 : www.sco.idaho.gov and Transparent.Idaho.gov Website : Republican Salary : $105,771 Political Party Duties : The duties of the State Controller are enumerated in Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution of the State of Idaho, and within Title 67, Chapter 10 Idaho Code . As the chief fiscal officer of state government, the Controller manages Idaho’s fiscal affairs, which includes paying all obligations of the state, processing payroll for all state employees, publishing Idaho’s Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR), as well as maintaining the centralized financial management reporting and accounting systems. He is the ex-officio Secretary of the Board of Examiners, a member of the Board of Land Commissioners, a member of the Idaho Deferred Compensation Board, and serves on the State Board of Canvassers. He also manages the state government’s largest data center, serves as chairman of the Idaho Technology Authority (ITA), and sits as an advisor to the Commissioners of the Idaho Housing and Finance Association, as well as advisor to the Commissioners of the Idaho Food Quality Assurance Institute and is Idaho’s State Social Security Administrator. CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 61

72 State Treasurer Ron Crane Ron G. Crane was born in Nampa, Idaho. He is a graduate of Nampa Christian High School and later graduated from college with an Associate’s Degree. He received an honorary doctorate from Ohio Christian University in 2008. He served as a member in the Idaho National Guard from 1971–1977, receiving recognition as Idaho’s Soldier of the Year in 1975. As State Treasurer, Mr. Crane is responsible for management of both the state and local government investment pools with a daily balance in excess of $3.2 billion dollars. He directs receipt of all state monies, the accounting and disbursement of public funds, and invests general account and pooled agency cash in various fixed income securities to produce significant new non-tax revenue for the State of Idaho. He oversees issuance of instruments of state debt and pays all warrants issued by the State Controller’s Office. He also directs the investments of the Idaho Millennium Fund and the Idaho Millennium Permanent Endowment Fund. the unclaimed property administrator for the Idaho. He The Treasurer is State of was elected president of the National Association of Unclaimed Property Administrators (NAUPA) in 2010. As Treasurer, Mr. Crane is a member of the State Board of Canvassers, administrator rnment Investment Pool, custodian of Idaho Endowment Funds, of the Local Gove custodian of Worker’s Compensation security deposits made by insurance companies, the Underground Storage Tank Upgrade Assistance Account, and is an administrator of Idaho Housing to the Association. He is chairman of the and Finance ex-officio advisor College Savings Plan advisory board, Chairman of the Idaho Bond Bank Authority and Chairman of the Idaho Credit Rating Enhancement Committee. He received a national Small Business Administration for innovative programs that provide award from the US capital to Idaho small businesses by founding the Prime Rate Loan Program known as “Idaho Prime.” Prior to his election as Treasurer in 1998, Mr. Crane served 16 years in the Idaho Committee House of Representatives. While there, he chaired the House State Affairs for 4 years and the Business Committee for 7 years. He also served as co-chairman of n Electrical Restructu ring. During his publi c se rvice, he received the Interim Committee o the Guardian of Small Business Award from NFIB and the Legislative Champion of the Family Award. his own successful business, Crane Alarm Service, in 1979. Today, Mr. Crane started Alarm is one of the oldest and largest alarm companies in Idaho. He is a member Crane Caldwell, Idaho Chambers of Commerce, was a founding member of the Nampa and of the Lifeline Crisis Pregnancy Center, and served on the board of trustees for Nampa Christian Schools. Mr. Crane has been married to his wife, Cheryl, since 1969. They have six children, four girls and two boys, and nine grandchildren. The Cranes reside in Nampa, Idaho. Address: 700 W Jefferson Street, Suite E-102, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0091 Phone: Fax: (208) 332-2950 (208) 334-3200 Website: sto.idaho.gov $105,771 Political Party : Republican Salary: Duties: The State Treasurer operates as the central chief fiscal officer and banker of mon ies collected by Idaho. The Treas urer is responsible for managing more than $3 b illion dollars. The Treasurer’s Office also acts as the state’s bank, receiving and disbursing all monies. The Office invests idle state monies and funds for local government and state ters the Idaho agencies. The Idaho State Treasurer’s Office also adminis Millennium Fund and the Idaho Prime Loan Program. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 62

73 Attorney General Lawrence G. Wasden Lawrence Wasden is Idaho’s 32nd Attorney General. He was elected to his fourth term in November 2014, and is the longest serving attorney general in the state’s history. Mr. Wasden has dedicated most of his professional career to public service. He started working in the Attorney General’s Office in 1989, when he was appointed as a Deputy Attorney General and assigned to the Idaho State Tax Commission. He was promoted to Deputy Chief of Staff, then to Chief of Staff. He was elected Attorney General in 2002. Before serving in the Attorney General’s Office, Executive Mr. Wasden was a Deputy Prosecuting Attorney in Canyon County and the Prosecuting Attorney in Owyhee County. Throughout his career, AG Wasden has been recognized for his leadership in the legal profession, public health, protecting children and consumers of all ages, prosecuting public corruption cases and promoting open and transparent government. Mr. Wasden is a past Chair of the Conference of Western Attorneys General and past President of the National Association of Attorneys General. In his role with the Conference of Western Attorneys General, AG Wasden has been active in the Alliance Partnership, a program devoted to strengthening Mexico’s justice system. AG Wasden served for more than a decade on the Board of Directors of the American Legacy Foundation, a nonprofit created in the wake of the national tobacco settlement. Recognizing Mr. Wasden’s service, the Foundation donated $350,000 to the University of Idaho College of Law to create a scholars program in his name. In 2007, Mr. Wasden received “The People First” Award from the Idaho Newspaper Foundation for his work to promote Idaho’s Open Meeting Law and Public Records Law. AG Wasden earned his J.D. from the University of Idaho and was admitted to the state bar in 1985. He earned his Bachelor of Arts in political science from Brigham Young University in 1982. Lawrence and Tracey Wasden were married in 1980 and live in Nampa. They are proud parents of four children and eight grandchildren. Address: 700 W Jefferson Street, Suite C-210, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0010 Phone: (208) 334-2400 Fax: (208) 854-8071 Website: www.ag.idaho.gov Political Party: Salary: $124,000 Republican Duties: The Attorney General is Idaho’s chief legal officer and is responsible for advising and representing state officers and agencies in legal matters. He issues written opinions on important legal questions at the request of designated government officials. He represents the State of Idaho in all federal and state courts, including all criminal appellate work. In addition to his legal duties, he serves as a member of the State Board of Land Commissioners and the State Board of Examiners. CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 63

74 Superintendent of Public Instruction Sherri Ybarra Sherri Ybarra is the newly elected Superintendent of Public Instruction and has nearly two decades of service in the field of education. Her extensive experience includes eleven years as a classroom teacher, and six years in the administrative arena as an Assistant Principal and Principal. At the time she was elected as Idaho’s Superintendent of Public Instruction, she had been serving at the District Office level as a Federal Programs Director and Curriculum Director. She has been recognized and awarded the district’s “Outstanding Educator Award,” twice. She has written numerous grant proposals, acquiring funding for such educational advancements as technology, 21st century learning labs, and STEM projects. Her academic career includes a Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education, an Master of Arts in Educational Leadership and an Ed. S.E.D., with an emphasis in the Superintendency. Sherri is also working on her Ed. D. in Education. An important aspect of her life is her family—her husband (a Federal Police Officer) and son (who attends public schools and plays baseball) and one dog, named Peanut. 650 W State Street, Rm 200, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0027 Address: Phone: (208) 334-2228 (208) 332-6800 Fax: www.sde.idaho.gov Internet: Republican Salary: $105,771 Political Party: She serves as an ex-officio member of the State Board of Education and serves Duties: on the Board of Land Commissioners. She serves as chief executive officer of the State Department of Education and exercises general supervision of the Department. The State Superintendent provides technical and professional assistance and advice to all school districts in reference to all aspects of education including finances, buildings, equipment, administration, organization of school districts, curriculum and instruction, transportation of pupils and interpretation of school laws and state regulations. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 64

75 State Executive Officers Party designations: (R) Republican; (D) Democrat; (S.R.) Silver Republican; (P) Populist Governors Territorial Government (1863 – 1890) Name Appointed Wallace, William H 03/10/1863 Lyon, Caleb 02/26/1864 04/10/1866 Ballard, David M. Bard, Samuel 03/30/1870 06/07/1870 Marston, Gilman 01/12/1871 Connor, Alexander H. 04/19/1871 Bowen, Thomas M. Bennett, Thomas W. 10/24/1871 12/16/1875 Thompson, David P. Executive 07/24/1876 Brayman, Mason Hoyt, John P. 08/07/1878 07/12/1880 Neil, John B. 03/02/1883 Irwin, John N. Bunn, William M. 03/26/1884 09/29/1885 Stevenson, Edward A. Shoup, George L. 04/01/1889 State Government (1890 through present) Name/Party Term of Office Remarks Elected 1890; resigned to 10/1890 to 12/1890 Shoup, George L. (R) become U.S. Senator Willey, N.B. (R) 12/1890 to 01/1893 Succeeded to office 01/1893 to 01/04/1897 Elected 1892; reelected 1894 McConnell, William J. (R) 01/04/1897 to 01/07/1901 Elected 1896; reelected 1898 Steunenberg, Frank (P, D) 01/07/1901 to 01/05/1903 Elected 1900 Hunt, Frank W. (D) Morrison, John T. (R) 01/05/1903 to 01/02/1905 Elected 1902 Elected 1904; reelected 1906 Gooding, Frank R. (R) 01/03/1905 to 01/04/1909 01/04/1909 to 01/02/1911 Elected 1908 Brady, James H. (R) Hawley, James H. (R) 01/02/1911 to 01/06/1913 Elected 1910 01/06/1913 to 01/04/1915 Elected 1912 Haines, John M. (R) 01/04/1915 to 01/06/1919 Elected 1914; reelected 1916 Alexander, Moses (D) 01/06/1919 to 01/01/1923 Elected 1918; reelected 1920 Davis, D.W. (R) Moore, Charles C. (R) 01/01/1923 to 01/03/1927 Elected 1922; reelected 1924 Baldridge, H.C. (R) 01/03/1927 to 01/05/1931 Elected 1926; reelected 1928 Elected 1930; 01/05/1931 to 01/04/1937 Ross, C. Ben (D) reelected 1932, 1934 Elected 1936 01/04/1937 to 01/02/1939 Clark, Barzilla W. (D) Bottolfsen, C.A. (R) 01/01/1939 to 01/06/1941 Elected 1938 01/06/1941 to 01/04/1943 Elected 1940 Clark, Chase A. (D) 010/4/1943 to 01/01/1945 Elected 1942 Bottolfsen, C.A. (R) Elected 1944; 01/01/1945 to 11/17/1945 Gossett, Chas. C. (D) resigned 11/17/1945 Williams, Arnold (D) 11/17/1945 to 01/06/1947 Succeeded to office Robins, Dr. C.A. (R) 01/06/1947 to 01/01/1951 Elected 1946 Jordan, Len B. (R) 01/01/1951 to 01/03/1955 Elected 1950 Elected 1954; Smylie, Robert E. (R) 01/03/1955 to 01/02/1967 reelected 1958, 1962 CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 65

76 (continued) Governors Term of Office Name/Party Remarks Samuelson, Don (R) 01/02/1967 to 01/04/1971 Elected 1966 Elected 1970; reelected 1974; Andrus, Cecil D. (D) 01/04/1971 to 01/24/1977 resigned 01/24/1977 Succeeded to office; 01/24/1977 to 01/05/1987 Evans, John V. (D) Elected 1978; reelected 1982 01/05/1987 to 01/02/1995 Andrus, Cecil D. (D) Elected 1986; reelected1990 01/02/1995 to 01/04/1999 Batt, Phil (D) Elected 1994 01/04/1999 to 05/26/2006 Elected 1998; reelected 2002 Kempthorne, Dirk (R) Succeeded to office Risch, James (R) 05/26/2006 to 01/01/2007 Elected 2006; 01/01/2007 to present C.L. “Butch” Otter (R) reelected 2010, 2014 Lieutenant Governors State Government (1890 through present) Name/Party Term of Office Remarks Appointed to succeed Willey, N.B. (R) 12/1890 Governor Shoup Pres. Pro-Tempore Gray, John S. (R) 12/1890 to 01/02/1893 became Lt. Governor Willis, F.B. (R) 01/02/1893 to 01/07/1895 Elected 1892 Mills, F.J. (R) 01/07/1895 to 01/04/1897 Elected 1894 Moore, George F. (P, D) Elected 1896 01/04/1897 to 01/02/1899 Hutchinson, J.H. (S.R., D) 01/02/1899 to 01/07/1901 Elected 1898 Terrell, Thomas F. (D) 01/07/1901 to 01/05/1903 Elected 1900 Stevens, James M. (R) 01/05/1903 to 01/02/1905 Elected 1902 01/02/1905 to 01/07/1907 Steeves, Burpee L. (R) Elected 1904 Burrell, Ezra A. (R) 01/07/1907 to 01/04/1909 Elected 1906 01/04/1909 to 01/06/1913 Elected 1908; reelected 1910 Sweetser, Lewis H. (R) Elected 1912; reelected 1914 Taylor, Herman H. (R) 01/06/1913 to 01/01/1917 Parker, Ernest L. (D) 01/01/1917 to 01/06/1919 Elected 1916 Moore, C.C. (R) 01/06/1919 to 01/01/1923 Elected 1918; reelected 1920 01/01/1923 to 01/03/1927 Baldridge, H.C. (R) Elected 1922; reelected 1924 Hailey, O.E. (R) Elected 1926 01/03/1927 to 01/07/1929 01/07/1929 to 09/30/1929 Elected 1928; died in office Kinne, W.B. (R) 01/03/1927 to 01/07/1929 Appointed to fill vacancy Hailey, O.E. (R) Mix, G.P. (D) 01/05/1931 to 01/02/1933 Elected 1930 Hill, George E. (D) 01/02/1933 to 01/07/1935 Elected 1932 Mix, G.P. (D) Elected 1934 01/07/1935 to 01/03/1937 Gossett, Charles C. (D) 01/03/1937 to 01/02/1939 Elected 1936 Whitehead, Donald S. (R) 01/02/1939 to 01/06/1941 Elected 1938 01/06/1941 to 01/04/1943 Elected 1940 Gossett, Charles C. (D) 01/04/1943 to 01/01/1945 Elected 1942 Nelson, Edwin (R) Elected 1944, succeeded to 01/01/1945 to 11/17/1945 Williams, Arnold (D) governor upon resignation of Charles C. Gossett 03/20/1946 to 01/06/1947 Appointed to fill vacancy McCabe, A.R. (D) Whitehead, Donald S. (R) 01/06/1947 to 01/01/1951 Elected 1946 Deal, Edson H. (R) 01/01/1951 to 01/03/1955 Elected 1950 Larsen, J. Berkeley (R) 01/03/1955 to 01/05/1959 Elected 1954 01/5/1959 to 01/2/1967 Elected 1958; reelected 1962 Drevlow, W.E. (D) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 66

77 Lieutenant Governors (continued) Name/Party Term of Office Remarks Murphy, Jack M. (R) 01/2/1967 to 01/06/1975 Elected 1966; reelected 1970 Elected 1974, succeeded to 01/6/1975 to 01/24/1977 governor upon resignation of Evans, John V. (D) Cecil D. Andrus 01/28/1977 to 01/01/1979 Appointed to fill vacancy Murphy, William J. (D) Elected 1978 01/01/1979 to 01/03/1983 Batt, Philip E. (R) Leroy, David H. (R) 01/03/1983 to 01/05/1987 Elected 1982 Elected 1986; reelected 1990, 1994, 1998; Otter, C.L. “Butch” (R) 01/05/1987 to 01/03/2001 resigned 01/03/2001 Riggs, Jack (R) 01/30/2001 to 01/6/2003 Appointed to fill vacancy Elected 2002, succeeded to Risch, James (R) governor upon resignation of 01/06/2003 to 05/26/2006 Dirk Kempthorne Executive Ricks, Mark (R) 06/15/2007 to 01/01/2007 Appointed to fill vacancy Risch, James (R) 01/01/2007 to 01/02/2009 Elected 2006 Appointed to fill vacancy; 01/06/2009 to present Little, Brad (R) Elected 2010; reelected 2014 Secretaries of State Territorial Government (1863 – 1890) Appointed Name Daniels, William B. 03/10/1863 Smith, C. DeWitt 07/04/1864 Gilson, Horace G. 09/04/1865 Howlett, S.R. 07/26/1866 Curtis, Edward J. 05/04/1869, reappointed 02/05/1874 04/29/1878 Sidebotham, Robert A. Singiser, Theodore F. 12/22/1880 03/03/1883 Curtis, Edward L. Pride, David P.B. 07/02/1884 Curtis, Edward J. 02/12/1885, reappointed 02/12/1889 State Government (1890 through present) Name/Party Remarks Term of Office Pinkham, A.J. (R) 01/05/1891 to 01/02/1893 Elected 1890 Curtis, J.F. (R) 01/02/1893 to 01/07/1895 Elected 1892 Garrett, I.W. (R) 01/07/1895 to 01/04/1897 Elected 1894 Lewis, George (P-D) 01/04/1897 to 01/02/1899 Elected 1896 Patrie, M.A. (R) 01/02/1899 to 01/07/1901 Elected 1898 01/07/1901 to 01/05/1903 Elected 1900 Bassett, Charles (S.R.-D) Gibson, Will H. (R) Elected 1902; reelected 1904 01/05/1903 to 01/07/1907 Lansdon, Robert (R) 01/07/1907 to 01/02/1911 Elected 1906; reelected 1908 Gifford, Wilford L. (R) 01/02/1911 to 01/04/1915 Elected 1910; reelected 1912 Barker, George R. (R) Elected 1914 01/04/1915 to 01/01/1917 Dougherty, William T. (D) 01/01/1917 to 01/06/1919 Elected 1916 Jones, Robert O. (R) 01/06/1919 to 01/01/1923 Elected 1918; reelected 1920 Jeter, F.A. (R) 01/01/1923 to 01/03/1927 Elected 1922; reelected 1924 Elected 1926; Lukens, Fred E. (R) 01/03/1927 to 01/02/1933 reelected 1928, 1930 CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 67

78 Secretaries of State (continued) Name/Party Term of Office Remarks Elected 1932; reelected 1934 Girard, Franklin (D) 01/02/1933 to 01/03/1937 Masters, Ira H. (D) Elected 1936 01/03/1937 to 01/02/1939 Elected 1938; Curtis, George H. (D) 01/02/1939 to 01/01/1945 reelected 1940, 1942 Masters, Ira H. (D) 01/01/1945 to 01/06/1947 Elected 1944 Elected 1946 Price, J.D. (Cy) (R) 01/06/1947 to 01/01/1951 Elected 1950; reelected 1954; Masters, Ira H. (D) 01/01/1951 to 02/19/1956 died in office Appointed to fill vacancy Young, James H. (R) 02/27/1956 to 01/05/1959 Elected 1958; reelected 1962; 01/05/1959 to 03/29/1966 Williams, Arnold (D) resigned 03/29/1966 03/29/1966 to 01/02/1967 Clapp, Louis E. (D) Appointed to fill vacancy Deal, Edson H. (R) Elected 1966; died in office 01/02/1967 to 04/22/1967 Appointed to fill vacancy; Elected 1970; Cenarrusa, Pete T. (R) 05/01/1967 to 01/06/2003 reelected 1974, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1998 Elected 2002; 01/06/2003 to 01/05/2015 Ysursa, Ben (R) reelected 2006, 2010 01/05/2015 to present Elected 2014 Denney, Lawerence (R) Auditors and Controllers Territorial Government (1863 – 1890) Name Appointed Bacon, John M. 07/23/1863 Lamkin, Benjamin F. 09/23/1863, reappointed 02/06/1864, 12/23/1864 01/27/1867 Lane, Horace B. Bishop, William R. 05/14/1867 01/01/1868, Cram, Daniel reappointed 01/16/1869, 01/16/1871, 01/06/1873 01/15/1875, reappointed 01/15/1877 Perrault, Joseph Onderdonk, James L. 02/14/1881, reappointed 02/14/1883 02/07/1885 Moody, Silas W. 02/11/1887, reappointed 02/08/1889 Wickersham, J.H. State Government (1890 through present) Name/Party Term of Office Remarks Moody, Silas W. (R) 01/05/1891 to 01/02/1893 Elected 1890 01/02/1893 to 01/07/1897 Elected 1892; reelected 1894 Ramsey, Frank C. (R) Anderson, J.H. (P-D) 01/07/1897 to 01/02/1899 Elected 1896 01/02/1899 to 01/07/1901 Elected 1898 Sinclair, Bartlett (R) Jones, E.W. (P-D-S.R.) Elected 1900 01/07/1901 to 01/05/1903 Turner, Theo (R) 01/05/1903 to 01/02/1905 Elected 1902 Bragaw, Robert S. (R) 01/02/1905 to 01/04/1909 Elected 1904; reelected 1906 Taylor, S.D. (R) 01/04/1909 to 01/06/1913 Elected 1908; reelected 1910 Huston, Fred L. (R) 01/06/1913 to 01/01/1917 Elected 1912; reelected 1914 Van Deusen, Clarence (D) 01/01/1917 to 01/06/1919 Elected 1916 Elected 1918; reelected 1920, Gallett, Edward G. (R) 01/06/1919 to 01/02/1933 1922, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1930 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 68

79 Auditors and Controllers (continued) Name/Party Term of Office Remarks Elected 1932; 01/02/1933 to 01/02/1939 Parsons, Harry C. (D) reelected 1934, 1936 Elected 1938; Wright, Calvin E. (D) 01/02/1939 to 01/01/1945 reelected 1940, 1942 01/01/1945 to 01/06/1947 Hansen, Ernest G. (D) Elected 1944 Elected 1946; reelected 1950, Nielson, N.P. (R) 01/06/1947 to 04/30/1957 1954; died in office Swensen, Rulon (R) 06/18/1957 to 01/05/1959 Appointed to fill vacancy Elected 1958; reelected 1962, 1966, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982, 01/05/1959 to 02/28/1989 Williams, Joe R. (D) 1986; resigned 02/28/1989 Appointed to fill vacancy; 03/01/1989 to 09/30/2002 Williams, J.D. (D) elected 1990; reelected 1994, 1998; resigned 09/30/2002 Executive Elected 2002 01/06/2003 to 01/01/2007 Johnson, Keith (R) Elected 2006; reelected 2010; 01/01/2007 to 10/15/2012 Jones, Donna M. (R) resigned 10/15/2012 Appointed to fill vacancy; 10/15/2012 to present Woolf, Brandon D. (R) Elected 2014 Treasurers Territorial Government (1863 – 1890) Name Appointed Kenyon, Derrick S. 09/07/1863, reappointed 02/08/1864 Smith, Ephraim 02/23/1864 Sterling, Edward C. 01/07/1867, reappointed 01/16/1869 Gray, John S. 01/16/1871 02/16/1872, reappointed 01/07/1873, 01/15/1875, Huntoon, John 01/15/1877, 01/15/1879, 01/15/1883 Perrault, Joseph 02/12/1885 Himrod, Charles 02/12/1887, reappointed 02/08/1889 State Government (1890 through present) Name/Party Term of Office Remarks Coffin, Frank R. (R) 01/05/1891 to 01/02/1893 Elected 1890 Hill, W.C. (R) Elected 1892 01/02/1893 to 01/07/1895 Bunting, Charles (R) 01/07/1895 to 01/04/1897 Elected 1894 Storer, George H. (P-D) 01/04/1897 to 01/02/1899 Elected 1896 Rice, L.C. (D-S.R.-P) 01/02/1899 to 01/07/1901 Elected 1898 Plummer, J.J. (D) 01/07/1901 to 01/05/1903 Elected 1900 Coffin, Henry C. (R) Elected 1902; reelected 1904 01/05/1903 to 01/07/1907 Hastings, C.A. (R) 01/07/1907 to 01/02/1911 Elected 1906; reelected 1908 Elected 1910; reelected 1912; Allen, O.V. (R) 01/02/1911 to 10/17/1914 resigned 10/17/1914 Dewey, E.H. (R) 10/17/1914 to 01/04/1915 Appointed to fill vacancy Elected 1914; Eagleson, John W. (R) 01/04/1915 to 01/03/1921 reelected 1916, 1918 Elected 1920; 01/03/1921 to 01/07/1927 Banks, Daniel F. (R) reelected 1922, 1924 Defenbach, Byron (R) 01/07/1927 to 01/05/1931 Elected 1926; reelected 1928 Elected 1930 01/05/1931 to 01/02/1933 Barrett, George (R) CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 69

80 (continued) Treasurers Term of Office Remarks Name/Party Elected 1932; reelected 1934, 01/02/1933 to 01/01/1945 Enking, Myrtle P. (D) 1936, 1938, 1940, 1942 Elected 1944 01/01/1945 to 01/06/1947 Moon, Ruth G. (D) Elected 1946; reelected 1950; 01/06/1947 to 03/11/1952 Painter, Lela D. (R) died in office Gilbert, Margaret (R) 03/18/1952 to 01/03/1955 Appointed to fill vacancy Elected 1954; reelected 1958; Moon, Ruth G. (D) 01/03/1955 to 06/20/1959 died in office Swensen, Rulon A. (R) 06/20/1959 to 01/07/1963 Appointed to fill vacancy Elected 1962; reelected 1966, 01/07/1963 to 01/05/1987 Moon, Marjorie Ruth (D) 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982 Elected 1986; Edwards, Lydia Justice (R) 01/05/1987 to 01/04/1999 reelected 1990, 1994 Elected 1998; reelected 2002, Crane, Ron (R) 01/04/1999 to present 2006, 2010, 2014 Attorneys General Territorial Government (1863 – 1890) Appointed Name Pride, D.P.B. 02/07/1885 Johnson, Richard Z. 02/05/1887, reappointed 02/08/0889 State Government (1890 through present) Term of Office Remarks Name/Party Roberts, George H. (R) 01/05/1891 to 01/02/1893 Elected 1890 Parsons, George M. (R) 01/02/1893 to 01/04/1897 Elected 1892; reelected 1894 McFarland, Robert (P-D) 01/04/1897 to 01/02/1899 Elected 1896 01/02/1899 to 01/07/1901 Elected 1898 Hays, S.H. (D) Elected 1900 Martin, Frank (D) 01/07/1901 to 01/05/1903 Elected 1902 01/05/1903 to 01/02/1905 Bagley, John A. (R) 01/02/1905 to 01/04/1909 Guheen, John (R) Elected 1904; reelected 1906 McDougall, D.C. (R) 01/04/1909 to 01/06/1913 Elected 1908; reelected 1910 Elected 1912; reelected 1914 01/06/1913 to 01/01/1917 Peterson, Joseph H. (R) Walters, T.A. (D) 01/01/1917 to 01/06/1919 Elected 1916 Black, Roy L. (R) 01/06/1919 to 01/01/1923 Elected 1918; reelected 1920 Conner, A.H. (R) 01/01/1923 to 01/03/1927 Elected 1922; reelected 1924 Stephan, Frank L. (R) 01/03/1927 to 01/07/1929 Elected 1926 Gillis, W.D. (R) 01/07/1929 to 01/05/1931 Elected 1928 Babcock, Fred J. (R) 01/05/1931 to 01/02/1933 Elected 1930 Elected 1932; reelected 1934 Miller, Bert H. (D) 01/02/1933 to 01/03/1937 01/03/1937 to 01/06/1941 Elected 1936; reelected 1938 Taylor, J.W. (D) Miller, Bert H. (D) 01/06/1941 to 01/01/1945 Elected 1940; reelected 1942 Langley, Frank (D) 01/01/1945 to 01/06/1947 Elected 1944 Ailshie, Robert (R) 01/06/1947 to 11/16/1947 Elected 1946; died in office Appointed to fill vacancy; 11/24/1947 to 01/03/1955 Smylie, Robert E. (R) Elected 1950 Smith, Graydon W. (R) 01/03/1955 to 01/05/1959 Elected 1954 Benson, Frank L. (D) 01/05/1959 to 01/07/1963 Elected 1958 Elected 1962; reelected 1966; 01/07/1963 to 01/06/1969 Shepard, Allan (R) resigned 01/06/1969 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 70

81 Attorneys General (continued) Remarks Term of Office Name/Party Appointed to fill vacancy Robson, Robert M. (R) 01/06/1969 to 01/04/1971 Park, W. Anthony (D) 01/04/1971 to 01/06/1975 Elected 1970 Kidwell, Wayne (R) 01/06/1975 to 01/01/1979 Elected 1974 Leroy, David H. (R) 01/01/1979 to 01/05/1983 Elected 1978 Jones, Jim (R) Elected 1982; reelected 1986 01/05/1983 to 01/07/1991 EchoHawk, Larry (D) 01/07/1991 to 01/02/1995 Elected 1990 Lance, Alan G. (R) 01/02/1995 to 01/06/2003 Elected 1994; reelected 1998 Elected 2002; Wasden, Lawrence (R) 01/06/2003 to present reelected 2006, 2010, 2014 Superintendents of Public Instruction Territorial Government (1863 – 1890) Executive Appointed Name Hittenden, J.R. 12/23/1864 07/25/1866 Bishop, W.R. 02/11/1887 Moody, Silas W. 02/11/1889 Stevenson, Charles C. State Government (1890 through present) Term of Office Name/Party Remarks Harroun, Joseph (R) Elected 1890 01/05/1891 to 01/02/1893 Lower, B.B. (R) Elected 1892 01/02/1893 to 01/07/1895 Foresman, C.A. (R) 01/07/1895 to 01/04/1897 Elected 1894 Anderson, Louis N.B. (P-D) 01/04/1897 to 01/02/1899 Elected 1896 French, Permeal (D) 01/01/1899 to 01/05/1903 Elected 1898; reelected 1900 Scott, May L. (R) 01/05/1903 to 01/07/1907 Elected 1902; reelected 1904 01/07/1907 to 01/02/1911 Chamberlain, S. Belle (R) Elected 1906; reelected 1908 Shepherd, Grace M. (R) 01/02/1911 to 01/04/1915 Elected 1910; reelected 1912 Elected 1914 01/04/1915 to 01/01/1917 McCoy, Bernice (R) Elected 1916; 01/01/1917 to 01/01/1923 Redfield, Ethel E. (R) reelected 1918, 1920 Russum, Elizabeth (R) 01/01/1923 to 01/03/1927 Elected 1922; reelected 1924 Lyman, Mabelle McConnell (R) 01/03/1927 to 01/07/1929 Elected 1926 01/07/1929 to 01/02/1933 Elected 1928; reelected 1930 Davis, Myrtle R. (R) Elected 1932; 01/02/1933 to 01/06/1941 Condie, John W. (D) reelected 1934, 1936, 1938 Elected 1940; reelected 1942; Roberts, C.E. (D) 01/06/1941 to 03/13/1944 resigned 02/13/1944 03/13/1944 to 01/01/1945 Appointed to fill vacancy Chatburn, Acel H. (R) 01/01/1945 to 01/06/1947 Sullivan, G.C. (D) Elected 1944 Elected 1946; Jones, Alton B. (R) 01/06/1947 to 01/05/1959 reelected 1950, 1954 Elected 1958; Engelking, D.F. (D) 01/05/1959 to 01/06/1975 reelected 1962, 1966, 1970 Truby, Roy F. (D) 01/06/1975 to 01/01/1979 Elected 1974 Elected 1978; Evans, Jerry L. (R) 01/01/1979 to 01/02/1995 reelected 1982, 1986, 1990 Fox, Anne C. (R) Elected 1994 01/02/1995 to 01/04/1999 Howard, Marilyn (D) 01/04/1999 to 01/01/2007 Elected 1998; reelected 2002 Elected 2006; reelected 2010 Luna, Tom (R) 01/01/2007 to 01/05/2015 01/05/2015 to present Elected 2014 Sherri Ybarra CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 71

82 Inspectors of Mines State Government (1890 – 1974) Term of Office Name/Party Remarks Haskins, William S. 01/02/1893 to 01/07/1895 Appointed 1892 Dewey, E.H. (R) Appointed 1894 01/07/1895 to 01/04/1897 Hastings, Benjamin (P-D) 01/04/1897 to 01/02/1899 Elected 1896 Czizek, Jay A. (D-S.R.) 01/02/1899 to 01/07/1901 Elected 1898 Jacobs, Martin (P-D-S.R.) Elected 1900 01/07/1901 to 01/05/1903 Elected 1902; Bell, Robert N. (R) 01/05/1903 to 01/04/1909 reelected 1904, 1906 Moore, F. Cushing (R) 01/04/1909 to 01/02/1911 Elected 1908 Elected 1910; reelected 1912, Bell, Robert N. (R) 01/02/1911 to 01/03/1921 1914, 1916, 1918 Elected 1920; reelected 1922, Campbell, Stewart (R) 01/03/1921 to 01/02/1933 1924, 1926, 1928, 1930 Simons, W.H. (D) Elected 1932 01/02/1933 to 01/07/1935 Elected 1934; reelected 1936, Campbell, Arthur (D) 01/07/1935 to 01/06/1947 1938, 1940, 1942, 1944 Elected 1946; reelected 1950, McDowell, Geo. A. (R) 01/06/1947 to 09/01/1958 1954; resigned 09/01/1958 Hansen, O.T. (R) 09/01/1958 to 01/05/1959 Appointed to fill vacancy Fletcher, George D. (D) Elected 1958 01/05/1959 to 01/07/1963 Hansen, O.T. (R) 01/07/1963 to 01/04/1971 Elected 1962; reelected 1966 Griner, W. Carl 01/04/1971 to 01/01/1974 Appointed* * Inspector of Mines became appointive position effective January, 1971. The Inspector of Mines office was abolished by the Legislature and its duties were delegated to the Department of Labor and Industrial Services, effective July 1, 1974. Photo courtesy of Jeff Harvey Owsley Bridge IDAHO BLUE BOOK 72

83 Executive Offices Governor, Executive Office of the C.L. “Butch” Otter (208) 334-2100 gov.idaho.gov Chief executive officer of the state. Elected constitutional officer, Article IV, Section 1. Title 67, Chapter 8, Idaho Code . Aging, Commission on 334-3833 Arts, Idaho Commission on the 334-2119 Blind and Visually Impaired, Commission for the 334-3220 Coeur d’Alene Office 769-7077 Idaho Falls Office 525-7028 Executive Lewiston Office 799-5009 Pocatello Office 236-6392 Twin Falls Office 736-2140 Drug Policy, Office of 854-3040 Energy Resources, Office of 332-1660 Financial Management, Division of 334-3900 Human Resources, Division of 334-2263 Liquor Division 947-9400 District I, (Southwest/Central Idaho) 514-6996 District II, (Southeast Idaho) 251-0442 699-8978 District III, (North Idaho) 272-5755 Military Division (Joint Operations Center (JOC)) Adjutant General 422-5245 258-6526 Emergency Communications Commission 422-3040 Homeland Security, Bureau of Statewide Interoperability Executive Council 422-3040 Public Safety Communications 258-6565 District 1, Coeur d’Alene 288-4011 District 2, Lewiston 288-4020 District 3, Meridian 288-4002 District 4, Rupert 288-4005 District 5, Pocatello 288-4050 District 6, Rigby 288-4061 Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Council 334-6970 Public Employee Retirement System of Idaho (PERSI) 334-3365 Toll free number 800-451-8228 334-2189 Species Conservation, Office of Idaho STEM Action Center (Science, Technology, Engineering, 334-1249 Math) CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 73

84 Lieutenant Governor, Office of the Brad Little (208) 334-2200 lgo.idaho.gov Presides over the Senate, stands first in line of succession to the Governor, and is Acting Governor when the Governor is physically outside the state or otherwise unable to serve. Elected constitutional officer, Article IV, Section 1. Title 67, Chapter 8, Idaho Code . At the direction of the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor may represent the State in negotiations, compacts, hearings, and other matters dealing with State and federal government. Current responsibilities include gubernatorial appointments to state boards and commissions, and other duties at the request of the Governor. Secretary of State, Office of the Lawerence Denney (208) 334-2300 sos.idaho.gov Responsible for the custody and use of the Great Seal of the State of Idaho and for other administrative, elections, commercial, and legislative filings. The secretary is a voting member of the Land Board, Board of Examiners, and the Board of Canvassers. Elected constitutional officer; Article IV, Sections 6, 10-11, 15-16, 18-20, 103, Article IX, Section 7. Title 67, Chapter 9, Idaho Code . 334-2836 Address Confidentiality Program Code Commission 794-2084 334-2301 Commercial Affairs Division Business Entity Filings 334-2301 Notary Public/Trademark Filing 332-2849 334-3191 Uniform Commercial Code Filing (UCC) 334-2852 Election Division 332-2836 Health Care Directive Registry & Will Registry Legislative Affairs Division 332-2836 Attorney General, Office of the Lawrence G. Wasden (208) 334-2400 ag.idaho.gov Chief legal advisor to the state; voting member of the Land Board and Board of Examiners. Idaho Code Elected constitutional official, Article IV, Section 1. Title 67, Chapter 14, . 334-2400 Administration & Budget Division Civil Litigation Division 332-3092 334-2424 Consumer Protection Division 334-4111 Contracts & Administrative Law Division 334-4545 Criminal Law Division 334-4124 Natural Resources Division IDAHO BLUE BOOK 74

85 Controller, Office of the Brandon Woolf (208) 334-3100 sco.idaho.gov The Chief Fiscal Officer of Idaho State Government. Elected constitutional officer, Article IV, Section 1. Title 67, Chapter 10, Idaho Code . Administration 334-3100 Computer Services 334-4808 334-3100 Examiners, Board of Division of Statewide Accounting 334-3150 Statewide Payroll 334-2394 Treasurer, Office of the Ron G. Crane Executive 334-3200 (208) sto.idaho.gov The State Treasurer operates as the central chief fiscal officer and banker of monies collected by Idaho. The Treasurer is responsible for managing more than three billion dollars. The Treasurer’s Office also acts as the state’s bank, receiving and disbursing all monies. The Office invests idle state monies and funds for local government and state agencies. The Idaho State Treasurer’s Office also administers the Idaho Millennium Fund and the Idaho Prime Loan Program. Elected constitutional officer, Idaho Code Article IV, Section 1. Title 67, Chapter 12, . Superintendent of Public Instruction, Office of the Sherri Ybarra (208) 332-6800 sde.idaho.gov To carry out regulatory responsibilities as they relate to public schools and the state improve educatio rovide service to school di stricts to m nal aintain or agency; to p dary ities for children; to provide leadership in the field of elementary and secon opportun education. Superintendent is an elected constitutional officer, Article IV, Section 1. Title Idaho Code. 33, Chapter 1, 332-6815 Administration (Superintendent’s Office) 332-6934 Communications Human Resources / Employment 332-6873 Accounting 332-6874 Student Transportation Services 332-6856 332-6970 Technology Services 332-6843 Public School Finance Educational Programs 332-6814 Assessment 332-6976 Certification / Professional Standards Commission 332-6886 332-6823 Child Nutrition Academic Services, Support, and Professional Development 332-6927 Federal Programs 332-6978 English Learners and Migrant Education 332-6905 332-6806 Special Education / Exceptional Children 332-6869 School Improvement and Support 332-6961 Student Engagement / Career and Technical Readiness 332-6968 Indian Education Mastery Education 332-6890 CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 75

86 Departments of State Department directors are appointed by, and serve at the pleasure of, the Governor. Administration Robert L. “Bob” Geddes, Director (208) 332-1824 adm.idaho.gov To provide administrative, information technology, telecommunications, facility management, and procurement services to agencies of state government. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 57, Idaho Code . Chief Information Officer, Office of the 332-1875 Insurance & Internal Support, Division of Administrative Rules Coordinator, Office of the 332-1822 Group Insurance 332-1860 332-1836 Industrial Special Indemnity Fund Risk Management 332-1869 Public Works, Division of 332-1900 Purchasing, Division of 327-7465 Agriculture Celia R. Gould, Director (208) 332-8500 agri.idaho.gov To encourage, promote, assist and regulate in every practical manner the interests of agriculture, including horticulture and apiculture, aquaculture, the livestock industry, domestic arts, dairying, cheesemaking, poultry raising, the production of wool, fur- bearing animals, and all other allied industries. Appointed by the Governor. State Idaho Code . Constitution Article IV, Section 20; Title 22, Chapter 1, ISDA Bureau of Labs 332-8526 Administration, Division of 332-8514 Agricultural Inspections, Division of 332-8677 Agricultural Resouces, Division of 332-8531 Animal Industries, Division of 332-8540 Marketing 332-8533 Plant Industries, Division of 332-8620 Idaho Sheep and Goat Health Board 334-3115 332-1790 Idaho Soil and Water Conservation Commission IDAHO BLUE BOOK 76

87 Commerce Megan Ronk, Director (208) 334-2470 commerce.idaho.gov The Idaho Department of Commerce works to create jobs and advance the welfare and prosperity of its citizens, upgrade public facilities necessary for economic growth and promote Idaho’s products, people and places. Services provided include: D EVELOPMENT SE RVICES h roviding r esources to •BUSINESS/ECONOMIC elp p Idaho businesses start up, expand and find new markets; attract new businesses to Idaho; and fund local economic development efforts. •THE COMMERCIAL INNOVATION DIVISION helps entrepreneurs create new businesses and job opportunities across the industry sector; bolsters industry-related Executive research and development activities; and brings together the state’s government, education, private sector and research resources to foster long-term growth in science and technology. •COMMUNITY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT provides financial and technical assistance to Idaho’s cities and counties for construction and rehabilitation of public facilities necessary to support economic diversification, job creation, business expansion and a sense of community. goods TRADE helps Idaho’s businesses export and services, •INTERNATIONAL develops new markets, increases foreign awareness and acceptance of Idaho’s products and services, attracts international investment and coordinates the state’s protocol efforts. •TOURISM DEVELOPMENT works to expand Idaho’s tourism and recreation industry by marketing the state’s travel opportunities at home and abroad; distributing grants to communities to promote tourism; developing, soliciting and promoting tourism events and attractions; and developing the state’s film industry. •MARKETING works with all Commerce divisions to create targeted marketing plans, public relations campaigns, and positive image and branding programs for Idaho. CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 77

88 Correction Kevin Kempf, Director (208) 658-2000 idoc.idaho.gov Responsible for the care, custody, and rehabilitation of all offenders convicted and sentenced according to law to imprisonment in state facilities. Appointed by the Board of Correction. State Constitution Article X, Section 5; Title 20, Chapter 2, Idaho Code . Board of Correction 658-2000 Special Investigations Unit 658-2137 Legal 658-2097 Human Resource Services 658-2019 Budget and Policy, Division of 658-2132 Prisons Division 658-2123 Idaho Correctional Institution-Orofino 476-3655 Idaho Maximum Security Institution-Boise 338-1635 Idaho State Correctional Center (ISCC) 331-2760 Idaho State Correctional Institution-Boise 336-0740 North Idaho Correctional Institution-Cottonwood 962-3276 Pocatello Women's Correctional Center 236-6360 St. Anthony Work Camp-St. Anthony 624-3775 South Idaho Correctional Institution-Boise 336-1260 334-2731 South Boise Women's Correctional Center 658-2118 Probation and Parole, Division of District 1, Coeur d'Alene 769-1444 799-5030 District 2, Lewiston 454-7601 District 3, Caldwell District 4, Boise 327-7008 District 5, Twin Falls 736-3080 District 6, Pocatello 237-9194 District 7, Idaho Falls 528-4220 Community Reentry Centers 658-2034 Community Reentry Center-Boise 334-3448 Community Reentry Center-Idaho Falls 525-7143 Community Reentry Center-Nampa 465-8490 Community Reenetry Center-Treasure Valley 334-2241 Sexual Offender Management Board 658-2002 Contract Services 658-2172 577-5555 Correctional Industries IDAHO BLUE BOOK 78

89 Education, State Board of Matt Freeman, Executive Director (208) 334-2270 boardofed.idaho.gov Constitutional body responsible for the general supervision of the state educational institutions and public school system. Constitution, Article IX, Section 2; Title 33, Idaho Code . Chapter 1, www.boisestate.edu Boise State University csi.edu College of Southern Idaho College of Western Idaho cwidaho.cc Deaf and The Blind, Idaho Educational Services for the www.iesdb.org Eastern Idaho Technical College www.eitc.edu Idaho State University www.isu.edu Lewis-Clark State College www.lcsc.edu Executive North Idaho College nic.edu Career and Technical Education, Idaho cte.idaho.gov Public Television, Idaho idahoptv.org University of Idaho uidaho.edu Vocational Rehabilitation vr.idaho.gov Environmental Quality (D.E.Q.) John H. Tippets, Director (208) 373-0502 deq.idaho.gov Protecting human health and preserving the quality of Idaho’s air, land and water for Idaho Code . enjoyment today and in the future. Title 39, Chapter 1, Environmental Quality, Board of 373-0240 State Office Switchboard 373-0502 Air Quality Division 373-0440 Environmental Management and Information Division 373-0528 INL Oversight 373-0498 Regions: Boise Regional Office 373-0550 Coeur d’Alene Regional Office 769-1422 Idaho Falls Regional Office 528-2650 Lewiston Regional Office 799-4370 Pocatello Regional Office 236-6160 Twin Falls Regional Office 736-2190 Technical Services Division 373-0193 Waste and Remediation Division 373-0148 373-0487 Water Quality Division CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 79

90 Finance Gavin M. Gee, Director (208) 332-8000 finance.idaho.gov To regulate state chartered financial institutions including banks, savings banks, and credit unions; regulate and license money transmitters, collection agencies, credit/debt counselors, credit repair organizations, finance companies, payday lenders, automobile title lenders, residential mortgage brokers, lenders, and loan originators, securities issuers, broker-dealers and stockbrokers, investment advisers and sales personnel, and endowed care cemeteries; to administer the Idaho Bank Act including the Bank Holding Company, Interstate Banking, Interstate Branching, and International Banking Acts, the ldaho Savings Bank Act, Idaho Trust Institutions Act, Idaho Credit Union Act, Idaho Money Transmitters Act, Idaho Mortgage Company and Idaho Residential Mortgage Practices Act, Idaho Escrow Act, Idaho Uniform Securities Act, Idaho Endowment Care Cemetery Act, Idaho Credit Code, Idaho Collection Agency Act, Idaho Continuing Care Disclosure Act, Business and Industrial Development Corporation (BIDCO) Act, Idaho Commodity Code, Business Combination Law, Control Share Acquisition Law, Idaho Loan Broker Act, and Idaho Financial Fraud Prevention Act. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 27, . Idaho Code Administration 332-8010 Financial Institutions Bureau Bank and Savings Bank Examinations 332-8005 Credit Union Examinations 332-8003 Consumer Finance Bureau Collection Agency Licensing 332-8002 Finance Company/Payday and Title Lending Licensing 332-8002 Loan Originator Licensing 332-8002 Residential Mortgage Brokers & Lenders Licensing 332-8002 Securities Bureau Securities Issuers, Broker/Dealers, Agent Licensing 332-8004 Money Transmitters Licensing 332-8004 332-8020 Supporting Services Bureau Fish and Game Virgil Moore, Director (208) 334-3700 fishandgame.idaho.gov To preserve, protect, and manage the state’s wildlife resources for the use and enjoyment of all the people now and in the future. Appointed by the Fish and Game Commission. State Constitution Article IV, Section 20; Title 36, Chapter 1, Idaho Code . Administration 334-3781 Communications 334-3746 Director’s Office 334-3771 Enforcement 334-3736 Engineering 334-3730 Fisheries 334-3791 Legal 334-3715 Human Resources 287-2848 334-2920 Wildlife IDAHO BLUE BOOK 80

91 Fish and Game (continued) Regional Offices Panhandle, Coeur d’Alene 769-1414 Clearwater, Lewiston 799-5010 Southwest, Nampa 465-8465 634-8137 McCall, Southwest Region Office Magic Valley, Jerome 324-4359 Southeast, Pocatello 232-4703 Upper Snake, Idaho Falls 525-7290 Salmon Region 756-2271 Health & Welfare Richard M. Armstrong, Director (208) 334-5500 Idaho CareLine: 211 or 1-800-926-2588 Executive healthandwelfare.idaho.gov Dedicated to fostering a productive, healthful and independent quality of life in Idaho. Services and regulatory programs are designed to promote environmental quality, enhance public health and economic well-being and assist vulnerable children and adults. Appointed by the Governor. Title 39, Chapter 1, Idaho Code . Health & Welfare, Board of 334-0612 Attorney General, Division of Human Services 334-5537 Behavioral Health, Division of 334-6997 Policy Unit 334-6611 334-4757 Quality Assurance Unit Operations Unit 334-5934 334-5727 Wits Automation 476-4511 State Hospital North, Orofino State Hospital South, Blackfoot 785-8401 Family and Community Services, Division of 334-0641 Health Districts www.phd1.idaho.gov Health District I (Panhandle) Health District II (North Central) idahopublichealth.com Health District III (Southwest) swdh.org Health District IV (Central) cdhd.idaho.gov Health District V (South Central) www.phd5.idaho.gov Health District VI (Southeastern) siphidaho.org Health District VII (Eastern) phd7.idaho.gov Licensing and Certification, Division of 364-1959 Medicaid, Division of 334-1804 Public Health, Division of 334-5950 Welfare, Division of 334-5696 Insurance Dean L. Cameron, Director (208) 334-4250 doi.idaho.gov To administer state insurance laws and regulations, to protect the interests of the public in all insurance transactions, and to provide for the safety and stability of insurance Idaho Code . institutions. Appointed by the Governor. Title 41, Chapter 2, CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 81

92 (continued) Insurance Consumer Services, Bureau of 334-4340 Director 334-4250 334-4377 Fire Marshal, Division of State 769-1447 Region 1, Coeur d’Alene Region 2, Boise 334-4371 525-7209 Region 3, Idaho Falls 1-800-247-4422 Senior Health Insurance Benefits Advisor (SHIBA) Juvenile Corrections Sharon Harrigfeld, Director (208) 334-5100 idjc.idaho.gov Mission: Reduce juvenile crime in partnership with communities through prevention, rehabilitation and reintegration. Responsible for the care and custody of juvenile offenders committed to it by the courts of this state for confinement. Appointed by the Governor. Title 20, Chapter 5, Idaho Code . Director and Headquarters 334-5100 District 1, Coeur d’Alene 769-1449 District 2, Lewiston 799-3332 District 3, Nampa 465-8443 District 4, Boise 334-5100 District 5, Twin Falls 736-4776 District 6, Pocatello 236-6395 District 7, St. Anthony 624-3462 465-8443 Juvenile Corrections Center - Nampa 799-3332 Juvenile Corrections Center - Lewiston Juvenile Corrections Center - St. Anthony 624-3462 Labor Kenneth D. Edmunds, Director (208) 332-3570 labor.idaho.gov Services to business include employee recruitment and retention, labor market information, assistance complying with labor laws, business seminars and workshops, employee training and business expansion. Services to job seekers include local, statewide, national and government job listings, job search assistance, job search workshops and networking opportunities, career guidance and assessments, applying for unemployment insurance benefits, specialized services for veterans, youth, adults, dislocated and senior workers. Appointed by the Governor. Title 72, Chapter 13, Idaho Code . Director 334-6110 Administration and Workforce Development 332-3570 Ext 2121 Communications and Research 332-3570 Disability Determinations Service Division 327-7333 Ext 2327 Employment and Business Solutions 332-3570 Ext 3163 Unemployment Insurance Division 332-3570 Ext 3082 US Department of Labor / Veteran's Employment & Training Svc Idaho 332-8947 Wage and Hour/State Labor Laws 332-3579 332-3570 Ext 3351 Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 82

93 Lands Tom Schultz, Director (208) 334-0200 idl.idaho.gov The Department of Lands has two separate missions: (1) to professionally and prudently manage Idaho’s endowment assets to maximize long-term financial returns to public schools and eight other trust beneficiary groups; and (2) to provide professional assistance to the citizens of Idaho to use, protect and sustain their natural resources. Appointed Idaho Code by the Board of Land Commissioners. Title 58, Chapter 1, . Cataldo Supervisory Area, Kingston 682-4611 Clearwater Supervisory Area, Orofino 476-4587 Craig Mt Supervisory Area, Craigmont 924-5571 Eastern Idaho Area, Idaho Falls 525-7167 Executive Executive Division 334-0200 Fire Management Bureau, Coeur d’Alene 666-8650 Forestry Assistance Bureau, Coeur d’Alene 666-8632 Forest Management Bureau, Coeur d’Alene 666-8610 Kootenai Valley Supervisory Area, Bonners Ferry 267-5577 Maggie Creek Supervisory Area, Kamiah 935-2141 Mica Supervisory Area, Coeur d’Alene 769-1577 Payette Lakes Supervisory Area, McCall 634-7125 Pend Oreille Lake Supervisory, Sandpoint 263-5104 Ponderosa Supervisory Area, Deary 877-1121 443-2516 Priest Lake Supervisory Area, Coolin 245-4551 St. Joe Supervisory Area, St. Maries Scaling Practices, State Board of 666-8642 324-2561 South Central Supervisory Area, Jerome 334-3488 Southwestern Supervisory Area, Boise Parks & Recreation David Langhorst, Director (208) 334-4199 parksandrecreation.idaho.gov To formulate and put into execution a long range, comprehensive plan and program for the acquisition, planning, protection, operation, maintenance, development, and wise use of areas of scenic beauty, recreational utility, historic, archaeological or scientific interest, to the end that the health, happiness, recreational opportunities, and wholesome enjoyment of life of the people may be further encouraged. Appointed by the Idaho Parks & Recreation Board. Title 67, Chapter 42, Idaho Code . Administrative Services 514-2251 Operations Division 514-2261 Management Services Division 514-2456 North Region Office, Coeur d’Alene 769-1511 South Region Office, Boise 525-7121 East Region Office, Idaho Falls 525-7121 CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 83

94 Police, Idaho State Lt. Colonel Ralph Powell, Director (208) 884-7003 isp.idaho.gov Enforces all federal and state laws regarding highway and public safety; investigates and assists in investigating drug crimes, homicides, financial crimes and sex crimes. Provides forensic laboratory services; maintains the state’s criminal records system and a variety of registries such as concealed weapons permits and the sex offender registry. Licenses and regulates the alcohol beverage industry; enforces laws relating to certain livestock; and regulates horse racing, simulcast and pari-mutuel betting on horse racing. Provides law enforcement, dispatch, detention and corrections training. Appointed by the Governor. Titles 18 and 23; Title 37, Chapter 27; Title 67, Chapter 29, and sections 19-5109-5117, 19-5202, Idaho Code . General Information 884-7000 Director, Office of the 884-7003 Attorney General – Idaho State Police Unit Management Services 884-7050 Financial Services – Fiscal and Purchasing 884-7030 Human Resources 884-7017 Deputy Director 884-7200 Alcohol Beverage Control (ABC) 884-7060 Patrol and Investigations 884-7200 District 1, Coeur d’Alene 209-8621 Regional Communications Center – North (RCC-N) 209-8620 District 2, Lewiston 799-5151 District 3, Meridian 884-7360 Regional Communications Center – South (RCC-S) 846-7500 324-6000 District 4, Jerome 236-6466 District 5, Pocatello District 6, Idaho Falls 525-7377 884-7215 Training, ISP Police Services Criminal Identification, Bureau of (BCI) 884-7130 Applicant Fingerprinting Unit 884-7159 Criminal Records and AFIS Unit 884-7134 Sex Offender Registry 884-7266 Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS)--Administration 884-7163 ILETS Communication Center 884-7130 Forensic Services 884-7219 Forensic Lab, Coeur d’Alene 209-8700 Forensic Lab, Meridian 884-7148 Forensic Lab, Pocatello 232-9474 Brand Inspection Board 884-7070 Racing Commission 884-7080 884-7250 Peace Officer Standards & Training Academy (POST) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 84

95 Self-governing Agencies To insure the proper and effective administration of the state’s various agricultural commissions and professional and occupational licensing boards. Individual appointing authorities. Title 67, Chapter 26, Idaho Code . Accountancy, State Board of 334-2490 Appellate Public Defender, State 334-2712 722-5111 Apple Commission 334-2090 Barley Commission 334-3520 Bean Commission Building Safety, Division of 334-3950 Cherry Commission 722-5111 Dairy Products Commission 327-7050 Dentistry, Board of 334-2639 Engineers and Land Surveyors, Board of Professional 373-7210 Forest Products Commission, Idaho 334-3292 Executive Hispanic Affairs, Idaho Commission on 334-3776 Historical Society, Idaho State 334-2682 Libraries, Idaho Commission for 334-2150 Lottery, Idaho State 334-2600 Medicine, Board of 327-7000 Nursing, Board of 577-2476 Occupational Licenses, Bureau of 334-3233 Outfitters and Guides Licensing Board 327-7380 Pea and Lentil Commission 882-3023 Pharmacy, Board of 334-2356 334-2350 Potato Commission 332-1735 Public Defense Commission, State Rangeland Resource Commission 398-7002 Real Estate Commission 334-3285 Rural Partnership, Idaho 332-1731 State Bar, Idaho 334-4500 Veterans Services, Division of 780-1300 Veterinary Medicine, Idaho State Board of 332-8588 Wheat Commission 334-2353 Wine Commission 332-1538 Tax Commission Richard Jackson, Chairman Tom Katsilometes Ken Roberts Elliot Werk (208) 334-7660 tax.idaho.gov To provide the state with an agency to oversee issues dealing with the administration of tax laws and the collection of revenues. Appointed by the Governor. Title 63, Chapter 5, Idaho Code . Audit, Division of 334-7615 Commissioners 334-7500 Legal and Tax Policy 334-7530 Property Tax, Division of 334-7730 Revenue Operations, Division of 334-7839 Taxpayer Services 334-7660 or 800-972-7660 CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 85

96 Transportation Brian Ness, Director (208) 334-8000 itd.idaho.gov To construct and maintain the state highway system and to encourage the establishment of airports and public transportation within the state. Appointed by the Idaho Idaho Code Transportation Board. Title 40, Chapter 1, . Administration 334-8839 Aeronautics 334-8775 Director & Chief Deputy 334-8807 Transportation Planning Division 334-8202 District 1, Coeur d’Alene 772-1200 District 2, Lewiston 799-5090 District 3, Boise 334-8300 District 4, Shoshone 886-7800 District 5, Pocatello 239-3300 District 6, Rigby 745-7781 Highway Division 334-8839 334-8889 Motor Vehicles Division Driver Services 334-3735 Vehicle Services 334-8660 Federal Highway Administration 334-1834 Water Resources Gary Spackman, Director (208) 287-4800 idwr.idaho.gov Administers the development, utilization and protection of the state’s water resources. Appointed by the Governor. Title 42, Idaho Code . Regional Offices Eastern Region, Idaho Falls 525-7161 Northern Region, Coeur d’Alene 762-2800 Southern Region, Twin Falls 736-3033 334-2190 Western Region, Boise Opposite Page: Proctor Mountain Ski Lift Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society IDAHO BLUE BOOK 86

97 Executive 87 CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch

98 Boards and Commissions Board and commission members whose terms have expired continue to serve until either Note: re-appointed or a replacement is named. The information contained here is current through May, 2013. This list reflects appointment information that has come from the Governor, the internet listings and information provided by other State of Idaho agencies and entities. Not all appointments listed are verified by documentation from the Governor’s Office. Succession statute: 67-303, Idaho Code . The following website will allow you to view board information, expirations, and vacancies, as well as fill out the application online at: gov.idaho.gov/boards/boards.cfm Listings include Member, City of Residence, Date Appointment Expires • SAP means “Serves at the Pleasure of the Governor.” • • CWT means “Concurrent with Term of Office.” Accountancy, State Board of Riverfront Plaza, 3101 Main Street, Suite 210, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-2490 www.isba.idaho.gov Regulates the professional conduct of practitioners of public accountancy through the adoption of rules and the enforcement of statutes regarding qualifications, professional ethics and conduct for all certified public accountants and licensed public accountants Idaho Code in the state of Idaho. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 2, 08/31/2017 Meridian Terry M. Bayless, Sr. Ina Kay Bradford 08/31/2017 Nampa 08/31/2020 Scott Dockins Viola Meridian Darrell Jae Hallett 08/31/2019 Jason Peery Eagle 08/31/2021 08/31/2019 Blackfoot Terrell Layne VanOrden Burley 08/31/2018 David J. Westfall Acupuncture, Board of PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov Determine the qualifications of persons applying for licensure, certification and acupuncture technician certificates. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 47, Idaho Code Naomi Jankowitz Brownson Moscow 07/01/2018 07/01/2017 Pocatello Ethan S. Fisher Boise 07/01/2019 Charles Raymond 07/01/2017 Boise Sara Rodgers Marlene Strong Boise 07/01/2020 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 88

99 Aeronautics Advisory Board 3483 Rickenbacker Street, PO Box 7129, Boise, ID 83707 (208) 334-8775 itd.idaho.gov/aero Created to consult with and advise the Idaho Transportation Department on matters concerning aeronautics. Appointed by the Governor. Title 21, Chapter 1, Idaho Code John Blakley Nampa 01/31/2022 Charles “Chip” A. Kemper Idaho Falls 01/31/2018 McCall 01/31/2021 Daniel Scott 01/31/2020 Rodger Lee Sorensen Soda Springs Lewiston Mark Sweeney 01/31/2019 Executive Aging, Idaho Commission on 341 W Washington Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3833 www.idahoaging.com To assist through advice, in the preparation and execution of plans, projects, and programs of the Office on Aging. Seven members, appointed by Governor. At least four members must be age 60 or older. Title 67, Chapter 50, Idaho Code 07/01/2018 Idaho Falls Mark Cloyd Brown 07/01/2019 Parma Lorraine Marie Elfering 07/01/2018 David Perry Maestas Hagerman Christian Magera Athol 07/01/2021 David Michael Pankey Lewiston 07/01/2021 Sagle 07/01/2017 Carey Ann Spears 07/01/2018 Sharon D. Sturm Blackfoot Victor B. Watson 07/01/2021 Meridian Alfalfa and Clover Seed Commission 55 SW Fifth Avenue, Suite 100, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 888-0988 www.tvalfalfaseed.org To protect and improve the quality of alfalfa production. Title 22, Chapter 42, Idaho Code Jim Briggs Marsing 6/30/2018 Ken Durrant 6/30/2019 Boise Jeff Hartman Parma 6/30/2018 Steve Lejardi Homedale 6/30/2020 Mike Nichols Parma 6/30/2019 Kevin Osborne Nyssa 6/30/2019 David Alan Reynolds Kuna 6/30/2020 6/30/2019 Caldwell Leland Tiegs CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 89

100 Apple Commission, Idaho PO Box 909, Parma, ID 83660 (208) 722-5111 www.idahoapples.com To regulate and control the tax levied on apples and to utilize the funds thereby provided for the development of new markets, production research, and promotion of the apple Idaho Code industry. Appointed by the Governor. Title 22, Chapter 36, 07/01/2019 Caldwell Jim Lee Carver William J. Ford 07/01/2018 Payette Kelly Henggeler Fruitland 07/01/2018 07/01/2017 Caldwell Charles Robinson Caldwell Daniel R. Rowley 07/01/2019 Architectural Examiners, Board of PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To examine the qualifications of architects in order to grant them licenses to practice in Idaho. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 3, Idaho Code 01/06/2020 Jay Wayne Cone Hailey Randy W. Haight Coeur d’Alene 01/06/2022 Garth J. Jensen Rexburg 01/06/2021 Meridian Allison McClintick 01/06/2018 Daniel K. Mullin Moscow 01/06/2019 Boise Peter Hugh Rockwell 01/06/2019 Arts, Idaho Commission on the 2410 Old Penitentiary Road, Boise, ID 83712 (208) 334-2119 www.arts.idaho.gov To stimulate and encourage the study and presentation of the performing and fine arts. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 56, Idaho Code Steven E. Allred Montpelier 06/30/2017 Marsha C. Bjornn Rexburg 06/30/2018 Mary Cerise 06/30/2019 Salmon Kay Hardy Boise 06/30/2019 Deena Ann Heath Lewiston 06/30/2020 Danielle Hurd Boise 06/30/2018 Susan Jacklin 06/30/2018 Post Falls Delphine Dolores Keim Moscow 06/30/2018 Diana Livingston Pocatello 06/30/2019 Jeanne Meyers Ketchum 06/30/2020 Aaron David Miles, Sr. Lapwai 06/30/2017 Jan Mittleider Twin Falls 06/30/2017 06/30/2020 Boise Dana Zuckerman IDAHO BLUE BOOK 90

101 Barber Examiners, State Board of PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To supervise the licensing of barbers. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 5, Idaho Code Twin Falls 07/01/2020 Thomas Grimsman Nancy M. Kerr Boise 07/01/2019 Ryan K. Nave Idaho Falls 07/01/2018 Executive Barley Commission, Idaho 821 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702-5632 (208) 334-2090 www.idahobarley.org To provide for the protection, promotion, study, research, analysis and development of markets concerning the growing and marketing of Idaho barley. Appointed by the Governor. Title 22, Chapter 40, Idaho Code 07/01/2017 Soda Springs Scott Brown 07/01/2019 Bonners Ferry Wesley Hubbard Picabo 07/01/2018 Patrick L. Purdy Basin Environmental Improvement Project Commission 1005 W McKinley, Kellogg, ID 83837 (208) 783-4561 www.basincommission.com Provide a system for environmental remediation, natural resource restoration and related measures to address heavy metal contamination in the Coeur d’Alene Basin. The system provided is intended to protect and promote the health, safety and general welfare of the people of Idaho in a manner consistent with local, State, Federal and tribal participation and resources. Title 39, Chapter 81, Idaho Code Jack A. Buell St. Maries SAP Marc S. Eberlein SAP Post Falls Patrick “Mike” Fitzgerald Wallace SAP Daniel H. Green Hayden SAP Rob Hanson Boise SAP N.L. “Bud” McCall St. Maries SAP Leslee Stanley Silverton SAP Meridian SAP John Tippets CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 91

102 Bean Commission, Idaho 821 W State Street, PO Box 2556, Boise, ID 83701 (208) 334-3520 www2.state.id.us/bean/ To promote Idaho’s premier reputation as a consistent, top-quality, disease-free, dry and green bean seed producer and to promote beans as a nutritious and healthy food. Idaho Code Appointed by the Governor. Title 22, Chapter 29, Twin Falls 07/01/2017 Bill Bitzenburg 07/01/2018 John L. Dean Twin Falls 07/01/2020 Parma Michael A. Goodson Monty Hamilton Kimberly 07/01/2019 Douglas Huettig 07/01/2019 Hazelton Gina Lohnes 07/01/2017 Eden Paul Dana Rasmussen 07/01/2018 Parma 07/01/2020 Don E. Tolmie Bear River Commission 106 W 500 S Ste 101 Bountiful, UT 84010 (801) 292-4662 bearrivercommission.org To enter into agreements regarding the regulation and utilization of the waters of Bear River and all tributary streams. Appointed by the Governor. Title 42, Chapter 35, Idaho Code Kerry D. Romrell Montpelier 12/31/2022 Gary Spackman Eagle 12/31/2019 Grace Curtis L. Stoddard 12/31/2018 Beef Council, Idaho 2118 Airport Way, Boise, ID 83705 (208) 376-6005 www.idbeef.org The Idaho Beef Council (IBC) was created in 1967 by cattlemen as a marketing organization for the Idaho beef industry, and to support a national beef marketing effort. Specifically, the Idaho Beef Council seeks to identify opportunities and implement programs which enhance the attributes of beef and the beef industry as viewed by consumers. Appointed by the Governor. Title 25, Chapter 29, Idaho Code Bruce L. Billington Twin Falls 07/01/2019 Patricia “Trish” Dowton 07/01/2019 Ellis J. Morgan Evans Downey 07/01/2017 Jeff Johnson Parma 07/01/2018 Scott Michael McNeley Grand View 07/01/2017 Bruce L. Mulkey Salmon 07/01/2018 Lou P. Murgoitio Boise 07/01/2019 Shoshone 07/01/2018 Don Taber IDAHO BLUE BOOK 92

103 Behavioral Health Planning Council, State www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov Promote advocacy, collaboration, education and policy development to create a seamless behavioral health delivery system. Rosie Y. Andueza Eagle 07/01/2019 Evangeline M. Beechler Boise 07/01/2018 Kamiah 07/01/2019 Abraham Francis Broncheau Kuna 07/01/2019 Maria Catalano Denise N. Chapin Twin Falls 07/01/2019 Boise 07/01/2019 Brady B. Ellis Judy Gabert 07/01/2018 Nampa Jennifer “Jen” Haddad Boise 07/01/2018 Magni Hamso Boise 07/01/2019 Rick Lee Huber Rupert 07/01/2019 Marianne King Boise 07/01/2019 Executive Tiffany Kinzler Nampa 07/01/2018 Gregory Lewis Boise 07/01/2019 Angenie McCleary Ketchum 07/01/2018 James Meers Meridian 07/01/2018 Coeur d’Alene Angela Marie Reynolds 07/01/2018 Tammy Rubino Hayden 07/01/2018 Idaho Falls 07/01/2018 Jon Shindurling Boise 07/01/2018 Jason Stone Bingo-Raffle Advisory Board 1199 Shoreline Ln, Suite 100, Boise, 83702 (208) 334-2600 www.idaholottery.com The Bingo-Raffle Board is responsible for making recommendations for the improvement of bingo and raffle operations and regulation to the state lottery commission, the governor and the legislature, including recommendations for administrative rules. Title Idaho Code 67, Chapter 77, Rayelle Anderson Rathdrum 01/07/2019 Wendy W.C. Diessner Lewiston 01/07/2017 Dennis P. Duehren Montpelier 01/07/2020 Shane J. Gehring Nampa 01/07/2018 Amber Larna Carey 01/07/2019 01/07/2018 Ammon Wendy Lively CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 93

104 Blind & Visually Impaired, Commission for the 341 W Washington Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3220 www.icbvi.state.id.us ICBVI is a state agency which has been serving Idahoans since 1967. The agency assists blind and visually impaired persons to achieve independence by providing education, remain employed developing work skills, increasing self-confidence and helping them Idaho or prepare for employment. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 54, Code Michael D. Gibson Nampa 07/01/2017 Sue A. Payne Boise 07/01/2018 Britt Raubenheimer 07/01/2018 Sandpoint Allan R. Schneider Emmett 07/01/2018 Sue Walker Boise 07/01/2019 Bond Bank Authority, Idaho PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0091 (208) 334-3200 sto.idaho.gov Allows municipalities to achieve economies of scale that will reduce costs to those paying principal, interest and other costs associated with the payment of municipal bonds. Title 67, Chapter 87, Idaho Code Ron Crane Nampa 01/07/2019 Post Falls Len Crosby 07/01/2020 Seth Grigg Boise 07/01/2020 Meridian Marv Hagedorn 11/30/2018 John Vander Woude Nampa 11/30/2018 Brand Board, State 700 S Stratford Drive, PO Box 1177, Meridian, ID 83680-1177 (208) 884-7070 www.isp.idaho.gov To fix the rate of tax levies on livestock and to regulate the fund provided thereby. Appointed by the Governor. Title 25, Chapter 11, Idaho Code Thomas J. Basabe Grandview 01/01/2022 Jack Davis Kuna 01/01/2021 Ronald E. Davison Prairie 01/01/2020 Merle Olsen Bonners Ferry 01/01/2018 01/01/2019 Greenleaf Kenneth J. Wood IDAHO BLUE BOOK 94

105 Building Authority, State 755 W Front, Suite 200, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 345-6057 To provide sufficient office space and the necessary related facilities for state government and thus provide a more efficient and economical operation of state government. Title 67, Chapter 64, Idaho Code Boise 01/01/2019 Candice Allphin Rigby 01/01/2018 Timothy N. Anderson Shelly Jo Enderud 01/01/2021 Post Falls John Ewing Meridian 01/01/2019 James C. Hammond Coeur d'Alene 01/01/2022 Gregory J. Schade Boise 01/01/2022 Bud Tracy Malta 01/01/2021 Executive Building Code Board, Idaho 1090 E Watertower St, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 334-3896 dbs.idaho.gov To act as an appeals board, code adoption and variance board, and an advisory board. Appointed by the Governor. Title 39, Chapter 41, Idaho Code Jerome Michael Glenn Arrington 07/01/2018 Andrew Bick Boise 07/01/2020 Boise Jason C. Blais 07/01/2021 Robert Charles Bleth Boise 07/01/2021 Emmett Scott M. Buck 07/01/2018 V. Allen Jensen Blackfoot 07/01/2019 Dennis F. Schaffner Eagle 07/01/2018 Mike Tracy Meridian 07/01/2019 Janene Welch 07/01/2017 Boise Canvassers, State Board of PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0080 (208) 334-2300 To canvass the results of both primary and general elections. Elected officials. Title 34, Chapter 12, Idaho Code Ron Crane Nampa CWT Lawerence Denney Boise CWT Boise CWT Brandon Woolf CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 95

106 Capitol Commission, State 502 N Fourth Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 332-1826 www.capitolcommission.idaho.gov The nine-member Idaho State Capitol Commission was created by the Legislature during its 1998 Session and charged with, among other things, developing a Master Plan for the restoration and refurbishment of the Capitol building. Title 67, Chapter 16, Idaho Code Neil Anderson Blackfoot 07/01/2018 Boise Andrew Erstad 01/01/2019 Janet Gallimore Boise Ex-officio Bob Geddes Meridian Ex-officio Brad Little Emmett 07/01/2018 Eric Milstead Boise Ex-officio Joe Stegner 06/30/2017 Boise Mary Symms-Pollot Boise 07/01/2022 Nancy Wallace Hayden Lake 07/01/2021 Carbon Sequestration, Advisory Committee 2270 Old Penitentiary Road, Boise, ID 83712 (208) 332-8650 swc.idaho.gov The committee shall advise and assist the chairman of the soil conservation commission in preparing reports, recommend policies or programs to enhance the ability of Idaho agricultural and non-industrial private forest landowners to participate in system of carbon trading, encourage the production of education and advisory material regarding carbon sequestration on agricultural and forest lands and participation in systems of carbon or greenhouse emissions trading, identify and recommend areas of research, research the development of a greenhouse gas inventory and a mitigation action for the state of Idaho, and review the programs and policies of other states). Meridian Karl Bokenkamp SAP Claude Bruce Payette SAP Malad Don Buehler SAP Richard Furman St. Maries SAP Culdesac SAP Brian Kummet Thomas Lamar SAP Moscow Paul Mann Caldwell SAP Jodi Johnson Maynard Moscow SAP Jacqueline McCloughan Nampa SAP Travis McLing SAP Idaho Falls Sian Mooney Boise SAP Brian Oakey Eagle SAP Jay O'Laughlin Moscow SAP Randy Purser Moore SAP Charlotte Reid Firth SAP John Welhan Pocatello SAP SAP Culdesac Dick Wittman IDAHO BLUE BOOK 96

107 Catastrophic Health Care Cost Program (CAT Board) 700 W. Washington Street, Boise, ID 83701 (208) 345-9126 www.idcounties.org Created in 1982 as a state agency, the “CAT Fund” is a ‘re-insurance’ fund which uses state funds to support the county indigent program when healthcare costs exceed county guidelines, pursuant to Idaho statute. It is administered by the Idaho Association of Counties through a contract overseen by the board of directors consisting of 6 county commissioners, 4 legislators, a Governor’s appointee and the director of the Department of Health and Welfare. Counties elect their district representatives for the board every two years on a staggered schedule, even numbered districts in even numbered years, and odd numbers in odd years. Title 57, Chapter 8, Idaho Code Richard “Dick” Armstrong Boise CWT Executive David Case Ada County Paul Christensen Roger Christensen District 28 Jim Guthrie David High Boise 01/02/2018 Lewis County Greg Johnson District 17 Maryanne Jordan Walt Kirby Boundary County Bill Lasley Tom Loertscher District 31 Certified Shorthand Reporters Board 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov Byrl R. Cinnamon 07/01/2018 Coeur d'Alene Boise Susan G. Gambee 07/01/2016 Ketchum 07/01/2017 Sue Israel Michael F. Peacock 07/01/2018 Kellogg Darren B. Simpson Blackfoot 07/01/2019 Cherry Commission, Idaho PO Box 909, 118 N Second, Parma, ID 83660 (208) 772-5111 www.agri.state.id.us To conduct a campaign of research, education and publicity. Appointed by the Governor. Title 22, Chapter 37, Idaho Code Everardo “Lalo” Gonzalez, Jr. Caldwell 07/01/2019 Keith Green Marsing 07/01/2018 Kelly Henggeler Fruitland 07/01/2018 Richard Kincheloe Caldwell 07/01/2017 Boise 07/01/2019 Sally Symms CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 97

108 Children at Risk Task Force 450 W State Street, 5th Floor, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-6618 www.idcartf.org To review existing systems and procedures that ensure the protection of children from abuse and neglect. Executive Order No. 2006-30 Barton Adrian Ketchum 04/01/2018 Tahna Barton Twin Falls 04/01/2019 Boise James R. Baugh 04/01/2018 Jennifer R. Bergin Twin Falls 04/01/2019 V. Susan Bradford Boise 04/01/2018 Gaylen Carlson Boise 04/01/2019 Stephen J. Clark Salmon 04/01/2021 Sheila Sturgeon Frietas 04/01/2018 Meridian JoAnn Marie Gemar Buhl 04/01/2019 Douglas Terry Giddings White Bird 04/01/2018 Nadine McDonald Grangeville 04/01/2018 Lisa Nordstrom Boise 04/01/2020 Melissa D. Osen Jerome 04/01/2019 Mark S. Rammell Rexburg 04/01/2021 Jill S. Robertson 04/01/2018 Pocatello Jennifer Tachell Middleton 04/01/2019 Kuna Miren Unsworth 04/01/2019 Molly Lu Vaughn Boise 04/01/2019 Joshua M. Wickard Boise 04/01/2019 Children’s Trust Fund Board PO Box 2015, Boise ID, 83701-2015 (208) 386-9317 idahochildrenstrustfund.idaho.gov To reduce the occurrence of child abuse and neglect, and facilitate the exchange of information between groups concerned with families and children. Appointed by the Governor. Title 39, Chapter 60, Idaho Code . Jill R. Andrus Jerome 06/30/2019 Celia R. Asumendi Caldwell 06/30/2017 S. Kay Christensen SAP Boise Shannon Dunstan Boise SAP Janet Goodliffe Rexburg 06/30/2019 Richard A. Jurvelin Coeur d’Alene 06/30/2020 Sarah Leeds Boise 06/30/2017 Amanda Pena Boise SAP Jeanette S. Pinkham Lapwai 06/30/2019 06/30/2017 Blackfoot Brenda S. Stanley IDAHO BLUE BOOK 98

109 Chiropractic Physicians, Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To conduct examinations to ascertain the qualifications and fitness of applicants to practice chiropractic. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 7, Idaho Code Charles H. Coiner Twin Falls 07/01/2018 Caldwell 07/01/2017 John C. Downey Kathleen McKay Jerome 07/01/2019 Herbert Oliver Boise 07/01/2018 Mary Jo White Post Falls 07/01/2017 Commission on Uniform State Laws PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0080 Executive (208) 334-2814 To attend the national conference on uniform state laws; to report to the legislature an account of its transactions, and its advice and recommendations for legislation. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 17, Idaho Code . Rex Blackburn Boise 09/30/2017 J. Michael Brassey Boise 09/30/2017 Bart M. Davis Idaho Falls 09/30/2017 Dale G. Higer 09/30/2017 Boise Contractors Board, Idaho PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov Accepts and rejects applications for registration; enforces the minimum standards, requirements, qualifications and rules for the registration of contractors. Title 54, Chapter 52, Idaho Code Twin Falls Gary Robert Bond 07/01/2019 Charles Roy Ellis Rigby 07/01/2017 Rebecca Odom Garden City 07/01/2020 John Robert “Rob” Pilote Caldwell 07/01/2018 Rodney Underhill 07/01/2020 Rathdrum Correction, State Board of 1299 N Orchard, Ste 110, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0018 (208) 658-2000 www.idoc.idaho.gov To administer the state penitentiary; to appoint a state board of pardons; and to supervise all persons placed on probation or on parole. Appointed by the Governor. Title 20, Chapter 2, Idaho Code Debbie Field Meridian 01/01/2023 01/01/2019 David A. McClusky Twin Falls 01/01/2021 Cindy P. Wilson Meridian CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 99

110 Cosmetology, Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To license qualified cosmetologists. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 8, Idaho Code Merrilyn Cleland Boise 11/01/2017 Boise Linday High 11/01/2019 Debra J. Hummel Coeur d'Alene 11/01/2019 Linda Swope Twin Falls 11/01/2018 Geneal Thompson Ketchum 11/01/2018 Council for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing 1720 Westgate Drive, Ste A, Room 134, Boise, ID 83704 (208) 334-0879 www.cdhh.idaho.gov To coordinate state level programs to assure accommodation and access services for the deaf and hard of hearing. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 73, Idaho Code Joelynne Ball Nampa 07/01/2018 Emilie Banasiak Boise 07/01/2018 Steven Birkby II Meridian 07/01/2018 Gretchen Fors Boise 07/01/2019 Heidi Jeffs Nampa 07/01/2019 Russell Patterson Rathdrum 07/01/2018 Boise Jacob Robison 07/01/2019 Kate E. Savage Nampa 07/01/2020 Gooding David Wilding 07/01/2019 Council on Domestic Violence and Victim Assistance 304 N Eighth Street, Suite 140, Boise, ID 83720-0036 (208) 332-1540 www.icdv.idaho.gov To serve as an advisory body for State programs and services affecting victims of domestic violence. Appointed by the Governor. Title 39, Chapter 52, Idaho Code Dan Bristol 07/01/2019 Burley Douglas Lee Graves Boise 07/01/2018 Len C. Humphries St. Anthony 07/01/2018 Karen Neill Pocatello 07/01/2017 Maggie Strowd Caldwell 07/01/2016 Sarah Swanson Moscow 07/01/2018 Coeur d'Alene 07/01/2017 Sue Welch IDAHO BLUE BOOK 100

111 Council on Indian Affairs, Idaho Legislative Services, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0054 (208) 334-4850 Monitors and reviews legislation and state policies that impact state-tribal relations; advises the Governor, legislature and state departments and agencies on tribal relations between tribes and state government; establishes advisory committees on special subjects or projects; facilitates contracting between tribes and other entities; and makes by-laws for its own governance and procedure consistent with state law and the respective tribes. Blackfoot 11/30/2018 Neil Anderson Boise 11/30/2018 Cherie Buckner-Webb Jim Guthrie McCammon 11/30/2018 David Hensley Boise SAP Paulette Jordan Plummer 11/30/2018 Executive Council on Suicide Prevention, Idaho 450 W State Street, 3rd Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0036 (208) 860-1703/1-800-564-2120 www.spanidaho.org To oversee the implementation of the Idaho Suicide Prevention Plan, to act as a proponent of prevention and to report progress annually to the Governor and the Legislature. Executive Order 2006-35 Kristy L. Broncho Pocatello 10/25/2017 Kira Burgess-Elmer Nampa 10/25/2018 Tobias Paul Gopon Boise 10/25/2019 Idaho Falls Jeni Griffin 10/25/2017 Linda C. Hatzenbuehler Pocatello 10/25/2017 Boise Kim Kane 10/25/2017 Jeff Kirkman Nampa 10/25/2018 Boise Fred Martin 10/25/2018 Matt McCarter Boise 10/25/2018 Pamela Oliason Eagle 11/30/2019 Matthew B. Olsen Pocatello 10/25/2018 Catherine M. Perusse 10/25/2018 Sandpoint Mary Pierce Midvale 10/25/2017 John Reusser Boise 10/25/2019 Neva Santos Eagle 10/25/2019 Carmen Stanger Boise 10/25/2018 Caroline Troy Genesee 10/25/2018 10/25/2018 Boise William Wilder CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 101

112 Credit Rating Enhancement Committee, Idaho www.sto.idaho.gov Creates an oversight committee to protect and enhance the credit rating of the State of Idaho by advising the Governor and the Legislature. Title 67, Chapter 12, Idaho Code CWT Ron Crane Nampa Len Crosby Post Falls 07/01/2017 David Fulkerson Boise SAP Timothy D. Hill 07/01/2017 Boise Brad Little Emmett 07/01/2017 Wayne Meuleman Boise 07/01/2017 John Sager Eagle 07/01/2017 Charles L. Winder Boise 11/30/2016 Rick Youngblood Nampa 11/30/2018 Criminal Justice Commission PO Box 700, Meridian, ID 83680-0700 (208) 884-7160 www.saferidaho.com Facilities communication among criminal justice professionals, improves professionalism, creates partnerships and improves cooperation and cooperation at all levels of the criminal justice system. Executive Order No. 2006-29 Richard “Dick” Armstrong Boise SAP Darrell Bolz Caldwell 07/01/2021 Lisa Bostaph Boise 07/01/2021 Grant Burgoyne Boise 11/30/2020 James Cawthon Boise 07/20/2019 Daniel Chadwick SAP Boise Denton Darrington Declo 07/01/2021 Eagle Elisha D. Figueroa SAP Eric Fredericksen Meridian SAP Margie Gonzalez Caldwell SAP Jerome 07/20/2019 Dan Hall Sharon Harrigfeld Boise SAP Boise SAP Cassandra Jones Kendra Knighten SAP Boise Patti Anne Lodge Huston 11/30/2020 Grant Loebs Twin Falls 07/01/2019 Lynn Luker Boise 11/30/2018 Boise 07/01/2019 Matt McCarter Patrick Owen 07/01/2017 Boise Paul Panther Nampa SAP Ralph Powell Meridian SAP John Stegner Moscow 07/01/2019 Sara B. Thomas Meridian SAP Paul Wilde Idaho Falls 07/20/2019 11/30/2018 Boise Melissa Wintrow IDAHO BLUE BOOK 102

113 Damage Prevention Board 1090 E. Watertower St., Suite 150, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 334-3950 dbs.idaho.gov The principal purpose of the board is to reduce damages to underground facilities and to promote safe excavation practices through education directed toward excavators, underground facility owners and the public at large. Title 55, Chapter 22, Idaho Code Jeanna Anderson Meridian 07/01/2018 07/01/2019 Robert Chandler Coeur d’Alene 07/01/2020 Boise Jeffrey Diehl 07/01/2018 Rigby Charles Ellis 07/01/2019 Victor Leckie Meridian Nampa Linda Phillips 07/01/2018 Jerry Piper Cambridge 07/01/2020 Georgetown 07/01/2020 Vaughn Rasmussen Executive 07/01/2019 Meridian Nichole Rush Scott Spears Boise 07/20/2020 Mark Van Slyke 07/01/2019 Eagle Deaf and Blind, Idaho Bureau of Educational Services For The 1450 Main Street, Gooding, ID 83330 (208) 934-4457 www.isdb.idaho.gov Executive Order (2009-14) Kathleen Crowley Boise 07/01/2018 07/01/2019 Nampa Michael Gibson 07/01/2019 Boise Allison Gonzalez Ramona Lee Boise 07/01/2017 Cathi Denise Pierson Gooding 07/01/2017 Eagle William James Russell 07/01/2017 Boise 07/01/2018 Steven Stubbs CWT Sherri Ybarra Mountain Home Deferred Compensation Committee 700 W Jefferson, Statehouse, Room E205, Boise, ID 83720-0080 (208) 334-2300 Oversees administration of deferred compensation program for enrolled state employees. Executive Order 2013-05 Tim Hurst Heyburn SAP Boise Brian Kane SAP Brandon Woolf Boise CWT C.L. “Butch” Otter Star CWT CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 103

114 Dentistry, State Board of 350 N Ninth, Ste M-100, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-2369 isbd.idaho.gov To ascertain the qualifications and fitness of applicants to practice dentistry or dental Idaho Code hygiene. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 9, Carolyn Brammer Meridian 02/01/2019 02/01/2020 Nathan A. Catmull Heyburn Dalton Gardens 02/01/2022 Daniel B. Davidson Rigby 02/01/2019 Richard George Caldwell Spencer Lloyd 02/01/2021 Margaret (Meg) Long Woodhouse Pocatello 02/01/2021 Tina Gustaveson Wilson 02/01/2021 Star Scott Alan Wright Boise 02/01/2018 Denturitry, Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To promote competence and excellence in the providing of prosthetic dental appliances and services to the public at reasonable costs. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 33, Idaho Code Richard Howell Idaho Falls 01/01/2018 Pamela W. Miller Nampa 01/01/2020 Lisa Penny Nampa 01/01/2019 Rebecca Westerberg Boise 01/01/2016 01/01/2018 Priest River Carla Wolfrum Developmental Disabilities Council 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83702-5868 (208) 334-2178 www.icdd.idaho.gov Interdepartmental and interagency planning and advisory body for the departments and agencies of the State for the programs and services affecting persons with a developmental disability. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 67, Idaho Code Kuna 07/01/2018 Alan Aamodt James Baugh Boise 07/01/2020 Ian James Bott Boise 07/01/2020 Jerome David Dekker 07/01/2018 Korynne Donehey Idaho Falls 07/01/2019 07/01/2019 Caldwell Raul Enriquez, Jr. Art Evans Nampa 07/01/2018 Moscow 07/01/2018 Julie Fodor Rebekah Forster-Casey Coeur d’Alene 07/01/2019 Ammon 07/01/2019 Holly Giglio Jacob Head Rexburg 07/01/2020 Kristie Oakes Eagle 07/01/2020 Debra Parsons Victor 07/01/2018 07/01/2019 Kimberly Emily Petersen 07/01/2019 Ponderay Jessica Rachels IDAHO BLUE BOOK 104

115 (continued) Developmental Disabilities Council Joe Raiden Moscow 07/01/2019 Carly Saxe Eagle 07/01/2018 Kelby Selders Meridian 07/01/2018 Boise Charlotte Silva 07/01/2020 Colleen Sisk 07/01/2020 Hayden James Steed Blackfoot 07/01/2018 07/01/2020 Claudia Suastegui Boise Boise Jacquie Watson 07/01/2019 Dormitory Housing Commission Executive To prepare, carry out, acquire, lease and operate dormitory housing projects. Appointed Idaho Code by the Governor. Title 33, Chapter 21, College of Southern Idaho Cally J. Grindstaff Fairfield 04/08/2017 Steve Kohntopp Filer 04/08/2018 Michael Williams Jerome 04/08/2019 College of Western Idaho Keith Bird 05/31/2018 Meridian Gerald Hunter Boise 05/31/2020 Deborah A. Kling Nampa 05/31/2019 North Idaho College Michael “Mic” W. Armon Coeur d'Alene 06/16/2017 John N. Marcheso Coeur d'Alene 06/16/2018 Sandra E. Patano Coeur d'Alene 06/16/2019 Drinking Water and Waste Water Professionals, Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To safeguard the environment and protect the public health and to establish the minimum competency requirements of drinking water and wastewater operators and backflow assembly testers whose duties are prescribed by law. Brad Don Andersen Iona 04/23/2019 Garden City 04/23/2019 Joan Cloonan Bryan Lacy Lewiston 04/23/2017 John Lee Boise 04/23/2017 Coeur d’Alene Daniel Messier 04/23/2018 04/23/2018 Weiser Michael Shepherd SAP Meridian John Tippets CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 105

116 Driving Businesses Licensure Board 700 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To help the public health, safety and welfare through the licensure and regulation of Idaho Code Driving Businesses. Chapter 54, Title 54, Theresa Ann Bradford Caldwell 07/01/2017 Robert Fenn Boise 07/01/2018 Athol 07/01/2016 Jason D. Jerome Sally K. Phillips Boise 07/01/2018 07/01/2017 Lon Arthur Pyper, Sr. Ammon Economic Advisory Council, Idaho 700 W State Street, 2nd Floor, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-2470 www.commerce.idaho.gov To advise the Department of Commerce in the preparation and execution of plans, projects and programs in the advertising of the state of Idaho. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 47, Idaho Code Burley John Craner 07/01/2018 Gina Knudson Salmon 07/01/2018 Stephen F. Meyer Hayden Lake 07/01/2018 Mike Reynoldson Boise 07/01/2019 Margaret Watson Parma 07/01/2017 Arlen Wittrock Pocatello 07/01/2017 Moscow Robin Woods 07/01/2020 Mark Steven Young Idaho Falls 07/01/2020 Education, State Board of 650 W State Street, Room 307, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-2270 www.boardofed.idaho.gov Responsible for the general supervision of the state educational institutions and public school system. Appointed by the Governor. State Constitution, Article IX, Section 2; Title 33, Chapter 1, Idaho Code Emma Lou Atchley Ashton 07/01/2020 Linda Clark 06/30/2020 Boise Deborah Critchfield Oakley 07/01/2018 David John Hill Boise 07/01/2022 Andrew Scoggin Boise 07/01/2021 Donald J. Soltman Rathdrum 07/01/2019 Richard D. Westerberg Preston 07/01/2019 CWT Mountain Home Sherri Ybarra IDAHO BLUE BOOK 106

117 Education Commission of the States www.ecs.org To maintain the Interstate Agreement on Qualification of Education Personnel. The purpose of this interstate agreement is to provide a mechanism to inform the membership and the public of jurisdiction-specific requirements for educator licensure in each member jurisdiction. Title 33, Chapter 41, Idaho Code SAP Boise Matt Freeman Rod Gramer SAP Boise Wendy Horman Idaho Falls SAP Dean Mortimer SAP Idaho Falls Butch Otter Boise CWT Julie VanOrden Pingree SAP Marilyn Whitney SAP CWT Sherri Yarra Mountain Home Executive Electrical Board, Idaho 1090 E Watertower Street, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 334-7142 dbs.idaho.gov/boards/index.html To license electrical contractors and examine and license journeymen and to make Idaho Code inspections of electrical installations. Title 54, Chapter 10, Cottonwood Denis Bryan Duman 07/01/2017 Gregory Lyle Eagy 07/01/2020 Boise Joseph Harbacheck Boise 07/01/2019 Mark LaBolle 07/01/2017 Deary Allan Perman Nampa 07/01/2019 Dale Pippitt Twin Falls 07/01/2019 Robert D. Scott 07/01/2019 Boise 07/01/2019 Richard “Rick” W. Stark Meridian Jeff Wheeler Idaho Falls 07/01/2018 Electronic Recording Commission Idaho Code . Keeps the standards Adopts standards to implement Chapter 31-2905, and practices of recorders in this state in harmony with the standards and practices of recording offices in other jurisdictions. Boise Alan Butcher 07/01/2017 Fruitland 07/01/2018 Betty J. Dressen John Holt Eagle 07/01/2019 07/01/2019 Joseph W. Larsen Burley Boise 07/01/2017 Dianna Lords 07/01/2018 Abbie Dawn Mace St. Anthony Christopher D. Rich 07/01/2017 Boise CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 107

118 Emergency Medical Services Physician Commission, Idaho (208) 334-4633 www.emspc.dhw.idaho.gov To establish standards for scope and practice and medical supervision for certified personnel, ambulance services, and non-transport agencies licensed by the Department of Health and Welfare. Title 56, Chapter 10, Idaho Code James D. Alter Boise 08/01/2018 Boise 08/01/2018 Ian Butler-Hall Coeur d'Alene 08/01/2017 W. Eric Chun James Joseph Karambay Sandpoint 08/01/2017 Michael L. Lemon Idaho Falls 08/01/2017 Ann Lima Orofino 08/01/2018 Veronica Mitchell-Jones 08/01/2017 Coeur d'Alene Terry O’Connor Ketchum 08/01/2018 Kari Peterson Boise 08/01/2018 Curtis Sandy Pocatello 08/01/2017 Mark R. Urban 08/01/2018 Boise Endowment Fund Investment Board, Idaho 816 W Bannock, Ste 301, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3311 www.efib.idaho.gov To provide professional investment management of state land grant endowment funds, the financial assets of the State Insurance Fund, the assets of the Judges’ Retirement Fund, and the assets of certain state park endowments. Appointed by the Governor. Title 57, Chapter 7, Idaho Code Jerry Aldape Boise 04/11/2021 Blackfoot Neil Anderson 11/30/2018 Warren R. Bakes Hayden 04/11/2020 Boise 04/11/2019 M. Dean Buffington Mary Hughes 04/01/2020 Boise Irving Littman Boise 04/11/2021 Gary L. Mahn Boise 04/11/2020 Richelle Sugiyama Boise 04/11/2021 Charles L. Winder Boise 04/11/2019 Endowment Land Transaction Advisory Committee To review the constitutional language for consistency with modern business practices. Robert Follett SAP Meridian Bryant Forrester Boise SAP Kurt R. Gustavel Boise SAP Jack Harty Boise SAP George R. Kirk, II Ketchum SAP Al Marino Eagle SAP Meridian SAP Robert Phillips IDAHO BLUE BOOK 108

119 Energy Resources Authority, Idaho 1015 W Hays Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 344-3873 www.iera.info The agency’s purpose is to provide for investor-owned, municipal and cooperative electric utilities that will serve Idaho customers. Title 67, Chapter 89, Idaho Code Michael P. Elliott Eagle 07/01/2021 Dover 06/30/2019 George Eskridge Idaho Falls 06/30/2018 Jackie R. Flowers Randolph J. Hill Eagle 06/30/2017 Boise 06/30/2018 Daniel Kunz Mark William Lliteras 06/30/2021 Boise Michael “Mike” Mooney Boise 06/30/2020 Executive Environmental Quality, Board of 1410 N Hilton, Boise, ID 83706-1255 (208) 373-0465 www.deq.idaho.gov To protect human health and preserve the quality of Idaho’s air, land, and water for use and enjoyment today and in the future. Kevin C. Boling 07/01/2019 Coeur d'Alene Beth Elroy Meridian 07/01/2020 Kermit Kiebert Ponderay 07/01/2018 John Randolph MacMillan Buhl 07/01/2019 Carol Mascarenas Idaho Falls 07/01/2020 Boise John McCreedy 07/01/2018 L. N. “Nick” Purdy Picabo 07/01/2019 Examiners, Board of 700 W State Street 5th Floor, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3100 www.sco.idaho.gov/web/sbe/sbeweb.nsf To examine all claims against the state, except salaries and compensation fixed by law. Members serve by reason of their elected office. Idaho Constitution Article IV, Section 18; Title 67, Chapters 10 and 20, Idaho Code Lawerence Denney Midvale CWT C.L. “Butch” Otter CWT Boise Lawrence Wasden Nampa CWT Brandon Woolf Boise CWT Examiners of Nursing Home Administrators, Board of 700 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To help protect the health, safety and welfare of the public through the licensure and regulation of nursing home administrators in Idaho. Title 54, Chapter 16, Idaho Code Cathy Hart Star 07/01/2017 07/01/2019 Boise Nancy Kerr CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 109

120 Examiners of Nursing Home Administrators, Board of (continued) Emmett Zendi Meharry 07/01/2019 Joshua Thompson Pocatello 07/01/2018 Malad 07/01/2017 John Williams Examiners of Residential Care Facility Administrators, Board of 700 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To help protect the public health, safety and welfare through the licensure and regulation Idaho Code of residential care facility administrators in Idaho. Title 54, Chapter 42, 07/01/2017 Heidi Jolene Brough Nye Nampa 07/01/2018 Boise Benjamin E. Doty 07/01/2017 Star Kristen E. Hyde 07/01/2019 Garden City Natalie Nathan Linda Simon Boise 07/01/2018 Fish and Game Commission, Idaho 600 S Walnut Street, Boise, ID 83712 (208) 334-5159 fishandgame.idaho.gov To provide for the preservation, protection, and perpetuation of Idaho’s wildlife. Idaho Code Appointed by the Governor. Title 36, Chapter 1, Derick Attebury Idaho Falls 06/30/2019 06/30/2019 Moscow Daniel Blanco Gregory Cameron 06/30/2020 Rupert 06/30/2018 Pocatello Lane Clezie Brad Corkill 06/30/2017 Cataldo Blake Fischer Meridian 06/30/2018 06/30/2020 North Fork Jerry Meyers Factory Built Structures Advisory Board 1090 E Watertower Street, Ste. 150 Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 334-3950 dbs.idaho.gov/boards/index.html To advise the director of Labor and Industrial Services in the administration and enforcement of manufactured home dealers and brokers licensing. Appointed by the Governor. Title 44, Chapter 21, . Idaho Code Markus Alley Eagle 07/01/2018 Jeff Chrisman Boise 07/01/2018 Kenneth Clay, Jr. 07/01/2017 Boise Michael Hampton Boise 07/01/2019 Michael “Mike” Jensen Caldwell 07/01/2018 Brian Mattson Blackfoot 07/01/2019 Spencer McLean Boise 07/01/2017 07/01/2019 Boise Kenneth Roche IDAHO BLUE BOOK 110

121 Food Quality Assurance Institute, Idaho 315 Falls Avenue, Twin Falls, ID 83301 (208) 732-5325 www.ifqal.com Appointed by the Governor to oversee the management and operation of the Idaho Food Quality Assurance Laboratory in Twin Falls. The IFQAL’s mission is to support Idaho agriculture. Title 67, Chapter 83, Idaho Code Roger Batt Wilder 07/01/2018 Caldwell Darrell Bolz 07/01/2016 Judy Boyle Midvale 11/30/2018 Heidi Campbell Twin Falls 07/01/2019 Celia R. Gould Boise CWT Kelly Henggeler Fruitland 07/01/2020 Wayne Hurst 07/01/2018 Burley Phylis King Boise 11/30/2018 Executive Eagle Frank Muir 07/01/2018 Robert Naerebout Twin Falls 07/01/2020 Twin Falls 11/30/2018 Jim Patrick Twin Falls 07/01/2020 Terry Patterson Janie Ward-Engelking Boise 11/30/2018 Forest Products Commission PO Box 855, Boise, ID 83701 (208) 334-3292 www.idahoforests.org To promote the economic and environmental welfare of the state by providing a means for the collection and dissemination of information regarding the management of the state’s public and private forest lands and the forest products industry. Title 38, Chapter Idaho Code. 15 07/01/2018 Darin Robert Ball Lewiston Sandpoint Michael D. Boeck 07/01/2019 Jack A. Buell St. Maries 07/01/2018 Gerry Ikola 07/01/2018 McCall Laura Michele Johnson Eagle SAP Shawn Keough Coeur d’Alene SAP Keith Lannom McCall SAP Kurt S. Pregitzer Moscow SAP Jake Joseph Reynolds Boise SAP Boise SAP Tom Schultz Lewiston 07/01/2019 Jesse D. Short Genetic Counselors Licensing Board 700 W. State St., Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3233 ibol.idaho.gov To protect the health, safety, and welfare of the public through the licensure and regulation of genetic counselors. Title 54, Chapter 56, Idaho Code Thomas Beck Boise 07/01/2018 Jennifer Eichmeyer Boise 07/01/2017 07/01/2019 Boise Heather Hussey CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 111

122 Grape Growers and Wine Producers Commission 117 N 9th Avenue, Ste 2, Caldwell, ID 83606 (208) 455-8354 www.idahowines.org To encourage the planting and development of native vineyards and the production of wine. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 36, Idaho Code Gregory Koenig Boise 07/01/2020 Garden City 07/01/2020 Crystal Potter Juliaetta 07/01/2018 Melissa Sanborn Earl Sullivan Hidden Springs 07/01/2019 Mike Williamson Caldwell 07/01/2018 Hazardous Waste Facility Siting License Application Review Panel H & W Environmental Quality Division, 1410 N Hilton, Boise, ID 83706 (208) 373-0458 Panel members are named when Hazardous Waste Facility license applications are received by DEQ. 39-5812, Idaho Code . Suzanne Budge Boise 03/06/2018 Jay F. Kunze Pocatello 03/06/2018 Mark P. VonLindern Lewiston 03/06/2018 Head Start Coordinating Council 450 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-5500 healthandwelfare.idaho.gov David Allen Rexburg 09/01/2018 Boise Ruth Calnon 09/01/2018 Christy Cronheim Boise 09/01/2018 Boise Shannon Dunstan 09/01/2018 Lori Fascilla Eagle 09/01/2018 Nampa 09/01/2018 Amada Flores William “Bill” Foxcroft 09/01/2018 Boise Mary Gauthier Payette 09/01/2018 Ericka Rupp Boise 09/01/2018 Omair Shamim Meridian 09/01/2018 Mechelle Wilson 09/01/2018 Eagle Health and Welfare, State Board of 450 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-5500 healthandwelfare.idaho.gov To formulate overall rules and regulations for the Department of Health and Welfare and to advise its director. Appointed by the Governor. Title 39, Chapter 1, Idaho Code Richard “Dick” Armstrong Boise SAP James Vincent Giuffre Boise 01/07/2019 Lee Heider Twin Falls CWT 01/01/2021 Ketchum Wendy Jaquet IDAHO BLUE BOOK 112

123 Health and Welfare, State Board of (continued) Darrell Kerby Bonners Ferry 01/07/2019 Janet Penfold Driggs 01/01/2021 Tammy Perkins Boise SAP Richard Roberge Caldwell 01/07/2019 Tom Stroschein Moscow 01/07/2021 Stephen Weeg Pocatello 01/07/2019 CWT Fred Wood Burley Health Facilities Authority, Idaho 1087 W River Street, Ste 250, PO Box 8867, Boise, ID 83707 (208) 342-8772 Executive www.idhfa.org To improve the health, welfare and living conditions of the people of Idaho through adequate medical care and health facilities. Appointed by the Governor. Title 39, Chapter 14, Idaho Code Sean J. Coletti Ammon 07/01/2018 07/01/2019 John Katovich St. Maries 07/01/2019 Tom Katsilometes Meridian Ruth Keeth Boise 07/01/2020 Troy 07/01/2021 B. J. Swanson 07/01/2018 Michael P. Wilson Coeur d'Alene Thomas Zabala 07/01/2023 Boise Health Insurance Exchange Board, Idaho To establish a state-created, market driven health insurance exchange that will facilitate the selection and purchase of individual and employer health insurance plans. 04/10/2017 Richard “Dick” Armstrong Boise Rupert 01/09/2019 Dean Cameron Jerry Roy Edgington Boise 04/10/2017 04/10/2017 Boise Hyatt Erstad Janice Fulkerson 04/10/2017 Meridian 04/10/2017 Margaret Henbest Boise Boise Scott Kreiling 04/10/2017 John Livingston Boise 04/10/2017 04/10/2017 Eagle Charlene Maher Kelley Packer McCammon 04/10/2017 Caldwell 04/10/2017 Jim Rice John Rusche Lewiston 04/10/2020 Boise 04/10/2017 Kevin Coyne Settles Tom Shores Boise 04/10/2017 Candace Deann Sweigart Eagle 04/10/2017 Karen Vauk Boise 04/10/2017 04/10/2017 Meridian Fernando Veloz 04/10/2017 Pocatello Stephen Weeg CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 113

124 Health Quality Planning Commission 450 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-5500 www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov Idaho Code Title 56, Chapter 10, Rhonda Beale Eagle 07/01/2018 Angela Lynne Beauchaine Boise 07/01/2019 Boise Scott Carrell 07/01/2018 Tim Dunnagan Boise 07/01/2019 Ted Epperly Meridian 07/01/2019 Margaret Henbest Boise 07/01/2018 Scott Kreiling Boise 07/01/2019 James Lederer, Jr. 07/01/2019 Boise Casey Meza Coeur d’Alene 07/01/2018 David Pate Boise 07/01/2018 John Rusche Lewiston 07/01/2019 Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Board, Idaho 1090 E Watertower Street, Meridian, ID 83642 dbs.idaho.gov To administer and supervise the design, construction and installation, improvement, extension and alteration of heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems in all buildings, residences and structures in the state. Title 54, Chapter 50, Idaho Code William Carter Boise 05/08/2018 Randy Hart Meridian 05/08/2019 Bill Hatch Rigby 05/08/2020 Nampa Geoffrey Oldenkamp 05/08/2020 Ted F. Sermon Idaho Falls 05/08/2019 John Smith Orofino 05/08/2018 William Carl VanDeGrift 05/08/2018 Boise Hispanic Affairs, Commission on 304 N 8th Street, Ste 236, Boise, ID 83720-0006 (208) 334-3776 icha.idaho.gov To develop policies and programs focusing on the problems and needs of Hispanic people. Title 67, Chapter 72, Idaho Code Erika Allen Lewiston 07/01/2018 Juan Alvarez 07/01/2019 Idaho Falls Raquel Romero Arenz Twin Falls 07/01/2020 Sue Chew Boise 11/30/2018 Tim Corder Mountain Home 07/01/2019 Dan Johnson Lewiston 11/30/2018 Lucy R. Juarez Boise 07/01/2018 Clark Kauffman Filer 11/30/2018 11/30/2018 Boise Janie Ward-Engelking IDAHO BLUE BOOK 114

125 Historical Records Advisory Board, State Idaho History Center, 2205 E Old Penitentiary Rd, Boise, 83712 (208) 514-2321 history.idaho.gov/shrab.html To consider historical records planning and to encourage preservation of historical records. Appointed by the Governor. Title 44 Chapter 24, U.S. Code Stephen R. Barrett Boise 10/20/2019 10/20/2018 Max C. Black Boise Jeffrey Bryant Idaho Falls 10/20/2019 Debbie K. Geyer Caldwell 10/20/2018 10/20/2019 David R. Matte Boise Wendy Scott 10/20/2017 Twin Falls 10/20/2019 Jennifer Stevens Boise Moscow 10/20/2017 Erin Stoddart Boise Mackenzie Stone 10/20/2017 Executive Honey Advertising Commission, Idaho 55 SW 5th Avenue, Ste 100, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 888-0988 www.agri.idaho.gov To plan and conduct a campaign for honey and honey byproduct advertising, publicity, merchandising, sales promotion and research. Appointed by the Governor. Title 22, Idaho Code Chapter 28, . Celia Gould Boise SAP Jay S. Miller Blackfoot 06/30/2018 Daniel Mudd Salmon 06/30/2019 Phil Puckett 06/30/2020 Kamiah Horse Board 803 Canyon Road, Hailey, ID 83333 (208) 788-7111 www.idahohorseboard.com To promote the horse industry of this state. Appointed by the Governor. Title 25, Chapter 25, Idaho Code Connie Blayney Caldwell 07/01/2018 A. Mark Brown American Falls 07/01/2019 Caldwell Charlene Cooper 07/01/2019 Soda Springs 07/01/2017 Edward P. Duren 07/01/2018 Anna Lucy Keller Pocatello Harry “Tosch” Keshian Star 07/01/2018 Nampa Edward J. McNelis 07/01/2017 CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 115

126 Housing and Finance Association, Idaho 565 W Myrtle Street, PO Box 7899, Boise ID 83707-1899 (208) 331-4889 www.ihfa.org To coordinate, between private enterprise and state and local government, housing for low income families. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 62, Idaho Code . Formerly Idaho Housing Agency. Darlene M. Bramon Eagle 07/01/2020 Pocatello 07/01/2018 Ralph G. Cottle Boise Mark P. Dunham 07/01/2020 Boise 07/01/2020 John Insinger Steven R. Keen 07/01/2018 Boise Jeff Nesset Lewiston 07/01/2018 Nancy Vannorsdel Eagle 07/01/2020 Humanities Council, Idaho 217 W State, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 345-5346 www.idahohumanities.org Dedicated to increasing the awareness, understanding, and appreciation of the humanities in Idaho. Soda Springs Trent Clark 10/31/2019 10/31/2019 Susan F. Gibson Boise 10/31/2019 Jo Ann K. Nelson Coeur d'Alene Boise John M. Ysursa 10/31/2019 Human Rights, Idaho Commission on 317 W Main Street, Suite 400, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-2873 humanrights.idaho.gov To provide for execution within the State policies embodied in the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964. To secure for all individuals within the State freedom from discrimination because of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex. To investigate complaints by any person claiming to be aggrieved by a discriminatory practice. Appointed by the Governor. Idaho Code Title 67, Chapter 59, . Blackfoot 07/01/2017 Daniel Cravens Boise 07/01/2018 Paul Jagosh Ruthie Johnson Hayden Lake 07/01/2017 Joe McNeal Mountain Home 07/01/2018 Idaho Falls 07/01/2017 Sheila Olsen Megan Ronk Meridian 07/01/2019 Brian Scigliano 07/01/2019 Boise 07/01/2018 Boise Kevin Settles 07/01/2019 Caldwell Estella O. Zamora IDAHO BLUE BOOK 116

127 Idaho Code Commission PO Box 388, Boise, ID 83701 (208) 345-7832 www.sos.idaho.gov/pubs/sospubs.htm To keep current so far as practicable a compilation known as the Idaho Code . Appointed Idaho Code by the Governor. Title 73, Chapter 2, R. Daniel Bowen Boise 12/01/2020 Lawerence Denney Midvale Ex-officio Secretary Andrew Paul Doman 12/01/2018 St. Maries Jill Holinka Boise 12/01/2022 Idaho Global Entrepreneurial Mission Council (IGEM) Executive Kelly Anthon Burley SAP Steven Aumeier Idaho Falls SAP William Gilbert, Jr. Boise SAP Eagle SAP Von Hansen David Hill SAP Boise Luke Malek Coeur d’Alene SAP Janet Nelson Moscow SAP Megan Ronk Meridian SAP Mark Rudin Boise SAP Rick Stott Meridian SAP Pocatello Cornelis Van der Schyf SAP Michael Wilson Coeur d’Alene SAP Independent Living Council, State 816 W Bannock Street, Ste 202, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3800 www.silc.idaho.gov/ To assist citizens with disabilities to have a greater voice in obtaining services. Executive Order No. 2992-05 Executive Order No. 2002-05 Eric E. Bjork Boise 05/28/2017 Boise Jane Donnellan SAP Raul Enriquez, Jr. Caldwell SAP Melva Heinrich Twin Falls 05/28/2018 Roger Howard Boise 05/28/2019 Rick Huber Rupert 05/28/2019 Maxwell Hudson Boise 05/28/2019 Caldwell SAP Elizabeth Kriete Angela MacDonald 05/28/2019 Post Falls Ramona Medicine Horse Blackfoot 05/28/2017 Denise Myler Ammon 05/28/2019 Hernan Reyes Caldwell 05/28/2017 Mollynnae Sherpa Lewiston 05/28/2019 Mike G. Smith Moscow 05/28/2019 SAP Boise Nancy Wise CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 117

128 Industrial Commission, Idaho 317 Main Street, Boise ID, 83702 (208) 334-6000 www.iic.idaho.gov To administer the Workmen’s Compensation Law, to hear and decide all appeals of administrative findings of the Department of Employment involving the Employment Security Law, and to process and administer claims filed against the Firemen’s Retirement Fund. Appointed by the Governor. Title 72, Chapters 5, 13, and 14, Idaho Code . Boise 01/13/2021 Thomas P. Baskin Fruitland 01/14/2019 Thomas E. Limbaugh R.D. Maynard Meridian 01/13/2023 Infant Toddler Coordinating Council 450 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-5500 healthandwelfare.idaho.gov Idaho’s Infant Toddler Program (ITP) coordinates a system of early intervention services to assist Idaho children birth to three years of age who have a developmental delay or who have conditions (such as prematurity, Down Syndrome, hearing loss) that may result in a developmental delay. The ITP links children with services that promote their physical, mental and emotional development and supports the needs of their families. David Allen Rexburg 09/01/2018 Cindy Brock Emmett 09/01/2018 Christy Cronheim Boise 09/01/2018 Charlene Davis Boise 09/01/2018 Shannon Dunstan Boise 09/01/2018 Amada Flores Nampa 09/01/2018 Mary Gauthier Payette 09/01/2018 Boise Jennifer “Jen” Haddad 09/01/2018 Carrie Hull Sagle 09/01/2018 Emmett 09/01/2018 Catherine Johnson Angela Lindig 09/01/2018 Boise Fred Martin Boise 11/30/2018 Kathryn McGill Boise 09/01/2018 Tina Naillon Caldwell 09/01/2018 Ellen Neff 09/01/2018 Twin Falls Judith Neil Boise 09/01/2018 Stephanie Perry Boise SAP Emily Peterson Kimberly 09/01/2018 Ericka Rupp Boise 09/01/2018 Janie Ward-Engelking Boise 09/01/2018 Eagle 09/01/2018 Mechelle Wilson IDAHO BLUE BOOK 118

129 Insurance Fund Board, State 1215 W State, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0044 (208) 332-2200 www.idahosif.org To direct the policies and operation of the state insurance fund to assure that the state insurance fund is run as an efficient insurance company, remains actuarially sound and maintains the public purposes for which the state insurance fund was created. Enacted by provisions of HB 774aa, Chapter 428 of the 1998 Legislature Boise 04/03/2018 Max C. Black Donnelly 12/01/2018 Terry Gestrin Rod Higgins Eagle 04/03/2018 Todd Lakey Nampa 04/30/2018 Steve Landon 04/30/2020 Chubbuck Executive Judicial Council PO Box 1397, Boise, ID 83701 (208) 334-2253 www.judicialcouncil.idaho.gov To conduct studies for the improvement of administration of justice; make reports to supreme court and legislature, recommend the removal, discipline and retirement of judicial officers and such other duties as assigned by law. Title 1, Chapter 21, Idaho Code . Roger Burdick Boise CWT Elizabeth “Liz” Susan Chavez Lewiston 07/01/2023 Joel P. Hazel Coeur d'Alene 06/30/2017 06/30/2021 Reed Larsen Boise 07/01/2021 J. Philip Reberger Caldwell Thomas Ryan 06/30/2019 Kathy Simpson Idaho Falls 06/30/2019 Juvenile Corrections, Board of 954 W Jefferson, Boise, ID 83720-0285 (208) 334-5100 ext 451 www.djc.state.id.us To advise the governor and the department director on fiscal, policy, and administrative matters concerning Idaho’s juvenile correctional system. Executive Order 2006-38 Barry M. Black Coeur d'Alene 12/31/2021 Denton C. Darrington Declo 12/31/2017 Steven Jett Greenleaf 12/31/2019 Patti Anne Lodge Huston CWT CWT Glenns Ferry Rich Wills CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 119

130 Juvenile Justice Commission 400 N Tenth Street, 2nd Floor, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-5100 ijjc.idaho.gov To develop the state’s three-year Juvenile Justice Plan. To review the federal grant fund applications from the districts. To perform such other duties that the Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Act requires to be performed by the advisory group referenced in Title 42, Section 5633 (a) (3), U.S. Code . Gabe Baker Viola 07/01/2017 Denise J. Blevins 07/01/2017 Moscow Darrell Bolz Caldwell 07/01/2020 Stacy Sharp Brown Bonners Ferry 07/01/2018 Darin Brent Burrell Rexburg 07/01/2017 Marurice Archie Canfield Pocatello 07/01/2017 Susan Delyea Garden City 07/01/2019 Wilder 07/01/2017 Ismael Ricardo Fernandez Kyle D. Fisher 07/01/2017 Kimberly Tina M. Freckleton Meridian 07/01/2019 Kailamai Hansen Coeur d'Alene 07/01/2019 Mark Alan Ingram 07/01/2017 Shoshone Courtney Keith Boise 07/01/2019 Dale Alan Kleinert Boise 07/01/2019 Nancy Lopez Shelley 07/01/2017 Lorin Nielsen Arimo 07/01/2017 Matthew B. Olsen Pocatello 07/01/2017 Nampa Dayo Onanubosi 07/01/2018 David E. Peters Blackfoot 07/01/2017 Carolyn Peterson Hayden 07/01/2019 Nampa Andrew R. Rodriguez 07/01/2017 Anna M. Rodriguez Moscow 07/01/2019 Amanda Solomon Kimberly 07/01/2018 Korey Solomon Kimberly 07/01/2017 William W. Thompson Moscow 07/01/2018 Lake Pend Oreille Basin Commission 1224 Washington Ave., Suite 101, Sandpoint, ID 83864 (208) 263-5310 ext.107 lakescommission.wordpress.com The Lake Pend Oreille, Pend Oreille River, Priest Lake and Priest River commission shall have the duty to study, investigate and select ways and means of controlling the water quality and water quantity as they relate to waters of Lake Pend Oreille, Pend Oreille River, Priest Lake and Priest River for the communities’ interests and interests of the state of Idaho and for the survival of the native species of fish contiguous to the Pend Oreille Priest Basin. Title 39, Chapter 85, Idaho Code . Brent Baker Athol 07/24/2017 Marc Brinkmeyer Sandpoint 07/24/2017 Darrell Early Ford Elsaesser Priest River 07/24/2018 Craig Hill Priest Lake 07/24/2019 07/24/2018 Sagle Linda Mitchell IDAHO BLUE BOOK 120

131 Land Board, State 300 N 6th Street, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0050 (208) 334-0200 www.idl.idaho.gov Headed by the Land Commissioner who is subject to the general regulation and control of the State Board of Land Commissioners with responsibility for the direction, control, and disposition of the public lands of the State. Ex-officio. State Constitution, Article Idaho Code IX, Sections 7 and 8; Title 58, Chapter 1, . CWT Midvale Lawerence Denney Boise CWT C.L. “Butch” Otter Lawrence Wasden Nampa CWT Brandon Woolf Boise CWT CWT Sherri Ybarra Mountain Home Landscape Architects, Idaho Board of Executive 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 ibol.idaho.gov To license and supervise landscape architects. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, . Chapter 30, Idaho Code Boise 07/01/2020 Jon Fritz Breckon 07/01/2019 William A. “Fred” Ogram IV Hayden Lake 07/01/2018 James A. Thomas Boise Lava Hot Springs Foundation PO Box 669, Lava Hot Springs, ID 83246 (208) 776-5221 www.lavahotsprings.com To have a general supervision of all personal property and the lands and property of the state situated within and near Lava Hot Springs. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 44, . Idaho Code Irene “Cookie” Bergendorf Lava Hot Springs 05/01/2019 C. Kelly Pearce Boise 05/01/2023 Shawnae Hamilton Somsen 05/01/2020 Wayan Gradyn D. Staley Inkom 05/01/2018 Lisa Wood Pocatello 05/01/2019 Legislative Compensation Committee Legislative Services, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0054 (208) 334-2475 www.legislature.idaho.gov To set the rate of compensation and allowable expenses of legislators. Three members appointed by the Governor, three by the Supreme Court. Title 67, Chapter 4, Idaho Code . Bill Daniels Boise 06/30/2019 John Goedde Coeur d’Alene 06/30/2018 Debora Kristensen Boise 06/30/2018 Reed Larsen Pocatello 06/30/2019 William F. “Bud” Yost Nampa 06/30/2017 06/30/2017 Meridian Eve Gay Yost CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 121

132 Lewis and Clark Trail Committee, Idaho 112 W 4th Street, Moscow, ID 83843 (208) 882-1504 www.visitidaho.org/lewisandclark To promote public awareness of the historical significance of the Lewis and Clark Expedition and encourage the development and protection of historical sites and outdoor recreational resources along the Lewis and Clark Trail. Appointed by the Governor. Hope Ann Benedict SAP Salmon Dax Chizum Boise SAP SAP James R. Fazio Moscow SAP Brian Miller Boise Allen Pinkham Lenore SAP Patricia Rathman Moscow SAP Salmon Robert Russell SAP Anne Schorzman SAP Boise Libraries, Idaho Commission for 325 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208)334-2150 www.libraries.idaho.gov To assist libraries in building the capacity for better serve their clientele. Mark Alldredge Boise 06/30/2019 Buhl 06/30/2021 Janet Franklin Payette 06/30/2022 John Held David Mecham Firth 06/30/2020 Pat Raffee Post Falls 06/30/2018 Leadership In Nuclear Energy Commission 2.0 (LINE 2.0) line.idaho.gov Executive Order 2013-02 Steven E. Aumeier Idaho Falls SAP Moore Seth Beal SAP Scott Bedke Oakley SAP Devon Boyer SAP Idaho Falls SAP Rebecca Casper Boise SAP Larry Craig Bart M. Davis Idaho Falls SAP Jeff Feeler Boise SAP John Grossenbacher Idaho Falls SAP Kathryn Hitch SAP Steve Laflin SAP Brad Little Emmett SAP Mark Peters Idaho Falls SAP John Revier Meridian SAP Megan Ronk SAP Meridian Mark Rudin Boise SAP John Rusche Lewiston SAP Robert Smith Moscow SAP Idaho Falls SAP Jeff Thompson IDAHO BLUE BOOK 122

133 Leadership In Nuclear Energy Commission 2.0 (LINE 2.0) (continued) John Tippets Meridian SAP Cornelis Van der Schyf Pocatello SAP Nicole Wallace SAP SAP Brian Whitlock Meridian Liquefied Petroleum Gas Safety Board, Idaho 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov Authorize all disbursements, approve and administer qualifying examinations for license application, supervise the approval and issuance of licenses, renew licenses, accept complaints and conduct investigations, require and conduct inspections of licensed facilities, conduct disciplinary proceedings and make and publish rules not inconsistent with laws of the state which are necessary to carry our provisions. Executive Thomas E. Coates 07/01/2016 Challis 07/01/2017 Nampa Richard B. Davies Jay T. Hill Rexburg 07/01/2018 Post Falls 07/01/2019 Larry Simms 07/01/2017 Soda Springs David J. Summers Lottery Commission, Idaho 1199 Shoreline Lane, Ste 100, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-2600 www.idaholottery.com To establish goals and objectives for the state lottery to generate revenue for the state. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 74, Idaho Code . Grant Brackebusch Silverton 01/01/2021 01/01/2020 William Craig Corbett Grace Melville W. Fisher II Garden City 01/01/2018 01/01/2019 Susan D. Kerrick Lewiston 01/01/2022 Boise Gary Glenn Michael Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Salmon Falls Dam CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 123

134 Magistrates Commission 451 W. State, Boise, ID 83725 www.isc.idaho.gov To determine the number and location and appoint the magistrates in each judicial district, to set the salaries of the magistrates based on legislative appropriations, and to conduct studies for the improvement of administration of justice commissioners (or a member appointed by the chairman) of each county in the district, the mayors of three municipalities (at least one of over 10,000 population) located within the district and appointed by the Governor, the administrative judge (or district judge appointed by him) of the district, and two attorneys appointed by the Idaho State Bar in a non-voting capacity. Each member of the commission serves a six year term except the non-voting . attorneys who serve two year terms. Title 1, Chapter 22, Idaho Code (208)446-1221 District 1 Ronald G. Jacobson 01/01/2022 Post Falls Don Pischner 06/30/2017 Coeur d'Alene Kellogg 01/01/2023 Mac Pooler Bonners Ferry 01/01/2022 David Sims Shannon Syth Sagle 06/30/2017 District 2 (208)799-3050 David L. Brown Potlatch 01/01/2020 Lewiston Robert Coleman 01/01/2023 Lewiston 01/01/2022 James Kleeburg Ferris Paisano III 06/30/2023 Lapwai Norm Steadman Weippe 01/01/2022 District 3 (208)454-7360 Alicia Almazan 06/01/2019 Wilder Robert L. Henry Nampa 01/02/2022 Penny E. Lancaster Weiser 06/06/2023 Edward J. McNelis Nampa 06/06/2023 Gordon W. Petrie Emmett 01/02/2022 District 4 (208)287-7500 Tammy De Weerd Meridian 01/10/2022 Boise 06/30/2017 Rayola Jacobsen 06/30/2017 Peggy Moyer Meridian Rob Terry Cascade 01/01/2020 Connie Wills Glenns Ferry 05/08/2021 (208)736-4085 District 5 Twin Falls Shawn Barigar 01/02/2022 Rupert 01/02/2020 Michael D. Brown Jay Darrington 01/02/2022 Declo Janet Hansen Burley 06/30/2023 Marty Orwig Sun Valley 06/30/2023 District 6 (208)236-7355 American Falls Marc G. Beitia 06/30/2017 Brian Blad Pocatello 06/30/2022 Lonna Jean Conroy 06/30/2017 McCammon Kevin B. England Chubbuck 06/30/2018 Verna A. Walker Pocatello 06/30/2017 District 7 (208)529-1350 ext 1341 Marsha C. Bjornn Rexburg 06/30/2017 Ray Hart Idaho Falls 06/30/2023 Paul Loomis Blackfoot 06/30/2018 Leo Marshall Salmon 06/30/2018 06/30/2018 St. Anthony Neils Thueson IDAHO BLUE BOOK 124

135 Massage Therapy, Board Of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov Linda Ann Chatburn Boise 07/01/2018 Deborah Karren Rigby 07/01/2020 Gail King Blackfoot 07/01/2019 Carla Steen Idaho Falls 07/01/2019 Paul J. Weston Moscow 07/01/2020 Medal of Honor Commission Office of the Governor, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0034 Executive (208) 334-4155 medalofhonor.idaho.gov To provide for awarding the medal of honor, to provide for posthumous awards, and to set forth the design of the medal and rules establishing the qualifications for the Idaho law enforcement and firefighting medal of honor and the governing protocol. Wayne Denny Boise 07/01/2017 Dennis L. Doan Boise 07/01/2020 Jeff Lavey Boise 07/01/2020 Bart May Dubois 07/01/2020 Victor McCraw Boise 07/01/2020 Tim Miller Twin Falls 07/01/2020 Caldwell Bryan Taylor 07/01/2020 Lawrence Wasden Nampa 07/01/2020 Boise Bob Wells 07/01/2018 Medicine, State Board of 1755 Westgate Drive, Ste 140, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0058 (208) 327-7000 www.bom.state.id.us/ To protect the public against unprofessional, improper, unauthorized, and unqualified practice of medicine and surgery and from the unprofessional conduct by persons licensed to practice medicine and surgery. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 18, Idaho Code . John B. Brown III Moscow 03/17/2019 Michele Sherrer Chadwick Emmett 07/01/2020 Erich W. Garland 03/17/2021 Idaho Falls Mark Grajcar Meridian 03/17/2019 Steven Malek Post Falls 07/01/2021 David McClusky III Ketchum 03/17/2023 Kraig McGee Pocatello 03/17/2023 Ralph Powell Meridian SAP Erwin Sonnenberg Boise 07/01/2020 03/17/2019 Boise Kathleen Sutherland CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 125

136 Midwifery, Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To preserve the rights of families to deliver their children in a setting of their choice, to provide for additional maternity care options, to protect public health, safety and welfare and assure quality care. Clarence William Blea Eagle 07/01/2021 Valerie Jean Hall 07/01/2018 Ammon Barbara N. Rawlings Bonners Ferry 07/01/2019 Amy Redman Athol 07/01/2020 Paula Wiens Boise 07/01/2017 Military Advocacy Commission, Idaho (IMAC) The Idaho Military Advocacy Commission (IMAC) will advocate for the military assets at Mountain Home Air Force Base and Boise’s Gowen Field as the bases respond to changing military needs and Pentagon priorities. It also will support and facilitate the growth of U.S. Department of Defense platforms in Idaho as well as encourage collaboration between the state, cities, counties, federal government, and other advocacy organizations on public awareness and the functionality of military installations in Idaho. Executive Order 2015-01 David Eric Bergh Mountain Home SAP David Bieter Boise SAP Rebecca L. Hupp Boise SAP Clark Kauffman Filer 11/30/2018 Todd Lakey Nampa 11/30/2018 Brad Little Emmett SAP Star Lori Otter SAP Randall Mark Schmidt Garden City SAP Eagle SAP William Shawver Nampa SAP Bruce Thomas Wright Mint Commission, Idaho 55 SW Fifth Avenue, Ste 100, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 888-0988 www.idahomint.org To plan and conduct a research program to improve the quality of mint, to develop and improve control measures for disease and pests and to improve mint growing culture and disseminate such information among the growers. To plan and conduct an advertising, publicity and sales promotion campaign to increase the sale and use of mint beneficial to the growers of Idaho. Elected by the Mint Growers. Title 22, Chapter 38, Idaho Code . Tony Weitz Caldwell 2016 Paul Rasgorshek Nampa 2014 Cleo Miller 2015 Leland Earnest Nampa 2016 Sid Naito 2015 Caldwell 2014 J.P. Lete IDAHO BLUE BOOK 126

137 Morticians, State Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To license embalmers and funeral directors. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 11, . Idaho Code Craig L. Geary Shelley 05/01/2020 Debbie Mikesell Silverton 05/01/2018 James “Jim” Sommer Twin Falls 05/01/2019 Motor Vehicle Dealer Advisory Board 3311 W State Street, PO Box 7129, Boise, 83707-1129 (208) 334-8660 itd.idaho.gov/AboutITD/overadvs.htm Executive To advise and assist the Idaho Transportation Department in the administration of the Dealers and Salesmen Licensing Act. Appointed by the Governor. Eagle 07/01/2019 Mark Dukes Laine Harbaugh Jerome 07/01/2017 Ken House Nampa 07/01/2019 Eric Knudtsen Post Falls 07/01/2019 Con Paulos Twin Falls 07/01/2018 Bob Petersen Boise 07/01/2019 Grant Petersen, Jr. Boise 07/01/2017 Scott Albert Reynolds Sandpoint 07/01/2019 Thomas Robideaux Sandpoint 07/01/2018 Idaho Falls Tiomthy Philip Sexton 07/01/2019 Stafford Smith Idaho Falls 07/01/2019 Northwest Power & Conservation Council 450 W State Street, 3rd Floor, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-6970 www.nwcouncil.org/ Appointed by the Governor in accordance with the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act. Title 61, Chapter 12, Idaho Code William B. Booth Hayden 1/15/2019 Jim Yost Meridian 1/15/2018 Nursing, State Board Of 280 N Eighth Street, Ste. 210, Boise, ID 83720-0061 (208) 334-3110 www.ibn.idaho.gov To set qualifications for the licensing of nurses in order to safeguard the public health, safety and welfare of the citizens of this state. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 14, Idaho Code Vicki Allen Pocatello 04/01/2021 Jennifer Hines-Josephson Rathdrum 04/01/2020 Whitney L. Hunter Boise 04/01/2021 Jan V. Moseley Coeur d'Alene 04/01/2021 04/01/2020 Jerome Carrie Nutsch CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 127

138 Nursing, State Board of (continued) 04/01/2019 Rebecca Reese Post Falls Clayton B. Sanders 04/01/2019 Boise 04/01/2019 Merrilee Stevenson Wendell Renee Watson Boise 04/01/2020 Occcupational Therapy Licensure Board 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208)334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov Boise 12/31/2018 Caren DeAngelis 12/31/2018 Meridian Kristin Guidry 12/31/2017 Boise Diann Davis Martin 12/31/2017 Boise Michael Spero Cherie Strand Challis 12/31/2019 Oil & Gas Conservation Commission 300 N. 6th Street, Ste. 103, Boise, ID 83720 (208) 334-334-0200 www.idl.idaho.gov/oil-gas/commission/ The Oil and Gas Conservation Commission regulates the exploration, drilling and production of oil and gas resources to ensure the conservation of oil and gas and the Idaho Code protection of surface and groundwater. Title 47, Chapter 3, 07/01/2019 Moscow Renee Breedlovestrout James Classen Boise 07/01/2021 Emmett 07/01/2020 Kevin Dickey Boise Tom Schultz SAP Marc Shigeta 07/01/2021 Intermountain Institute Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society IDAHO BLUE BOOK 128

139 Oilseed Commission, Idaho 55 SW Fifth Avenue, Suite 100, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 888-0988 www.agri.idaho.gov/ Formerly Canola and Rapeseed Commission. To implement a program of research, promotion and consumer and industry information designed to strengthen the position in the marketplace of the Idaho canola and rapeseed industry, to expand existing markets, and to develop new markets for canola and rapeseed and their products. Title 22, Chapter 47. Wesley Hubbard Bonners Ferry 07/01/2018 Cordell R. Kress Rockland 07/01/2017 Steven Tyler Riggers Craigmont 07/01/2019 Optometry, State Board of Executive 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To effect the registration and licensing of optometrists. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 15, Idaho Code . Wayne D. Ellenbecker Coeur d'Alene 07/01/2017 Raymond Goodman Gooding 07/01/2019 Joy Eld Johnson Caldwell 07/01/2018 William von Tagen Boise 07/01/2021 Star Aaron Warner 07/01/2020 Outfitters and Guides Licensing Board 1365 N Orchard, Room 172, Boise, ID 83706 (208) 327-7380 www.oglb.idaho.gov To conduct examinations to ascertain the qualifications of applicants for outfitter’s or guide’s licenses, and to issue such licenses to qualified applicants. Title 36, Chapter 21, Idaho Code . Fruitland Robert “Bob” C. Barowsky 05/31/2017 C. Wayne Hunsucker Lucile 04/20/2019 Tom Long Eagle 04/20/2019 George E. McQuiston, Jr. Challis 04/20/2020 Louise D. Stark 04/20/2018 Challis Pacific States Marine Fisheries Compact Commission 205 SE Spokane Street, Portland, OR 97202 (503) 595-3100 www.psmfc.org To promote the better utilization of fisheries in cooperation with California, Oregon and Washington. Title 36, Chapter 20, Idaho Code . Dan Johnson Lewiston 03/08/2018 Jerry Meyers North Fork 07/01/2019 03/08/2018 Boise Virgil Moore CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 129

140 Pardons and Parole, Commission on 3056 Elder Street, Boise, ID 83720-1807 (208) 334-2520 www.parole.idaho.gov Appointed by the Governor. The Commission is committed to the protection of the public, the rights of victims and to the fair and individualized assessment of each offender. We support the Department of Correction in its effort to provide services, programs and opportunities for offenders to promote their successful reintegration into the community. Idaho Code Title 20, Chapter 2, . Lisa Growette Bostaph Boise 01/01/2018 Cortney Dennis Emmett 01/01/2018 Anna Jane “Janie” Dressen Coeur d'Alene 01/01/2019 Mike H. Matthews 01/01/2019 Declo Raymond Moore Blackfoot 01/01/2020 Karen Neill Pocatello 01/01/2020 Rich Wills Glenns Ferry 01/01/2020 Park and Recreation Board 5657 Warm Springs Avenue, Boise, ID 83716 (208) 334-4199 parksandrecreation.idaho.gov To be a governing authority for the Department of Parks and Recreation. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 42, . Idaho Code Peter “Pete” Black Pocatello 06/30/2021 Boise Michael Boren 07/01/2018 Thomas M. Crimmins Hayden Lake 07/01/2016 Cottonwood Randy K. Doman 06/30/2020 Gordon Hansen Burley 06/30/2019 Pea and Lentil Commission, Idaho 2780 W Pullman Rd, Moscow, ID 83843-4024 (208) 882-3023 www.pea-lentil.com To find new markets for pea and lentil products; to conduct a campaign of research, education and publicity; to show value of peas and lentils for any purpose for which they are found useful and profitable. Appointed by the Governor. Dennis Dau Reubens 06/20/2019 Richard Grant Culdesac 07/01/2019 Dirk Hammond Kendrick 06/30/2017 Howard Jones Genesee 06/30/2017 Kevin Meyer Moscow 06/30/2018 Kendrick 06/20/2019 Pat L. Smith IDAHO BLUE BOOK 130

141 Peace Officer Standards and Training Council 700 S Stratford, PO Box 700, Meridian. ID 83860-0700 (208) 884-7250 www.post.idaho.gov To establish minimum requirements for training, education, and probationary periods, and to certify and keep permanent records on peace officers in this state. Appointed by the Governor. Title 19, Chapter 51, Idaho Code . Nampa SAP Henry Atencio Eagle 12/31/2020 Jan M. Bennetts Daniel G. Chadwick SAP Boise Shaun Gough Rathdrum 12/31/2018 Seth Grigg Boise SAP Sharon Harrigfeld Boise SAP Doug Hart SAP R. Haug Rathdrum 12/31/2020 Executive Jeff Lavey 12/31/2018 Boise Lorin Nielsen Arimo 12/31/2017 Paul Panther Nampa SAP Ralph W. Powell Meridian SAP Shane Turman Rexburg 12/31/2017 Coeur d’Alene Benton Wolfinger 12/31/2020 Greg Wooten Nampa SAP Permanent Building Fund Advisory Council 502 N Fourth St, Boise, ID 83705 (208) 332-1900 dpw.idaho.gov To review and approve all planning and construction, renovation, remodeling or repairs for buildings financed from the permanent building fund. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 57, Idaho Code Nampa 11/30/2018 Robert Anderst Meridian 07/01/2019 Cindy Bateman Marv Hagedorn Meridian 11/30/2018 Ed (Dee) Jameson Hayden 07/01/2018 Randy Steed Eagle 07/01/2017 Personnel Commission, Idaho 700 W State Street, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0066 (208) 334-3900 www.dhr.idaho.gov To establish and maintain a merit system for state employees. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 53, Idaho Code . Diana M. Bishop Orofino 07/01/2018 Peter “Pete” J. Black Pocatello 07/01/2017 J. Michael Brassey Boise 07/01/2017 Sarah Griffin Boise 07/01/2021 Idaho Falls 07/01/2017 Mark J. Holubar CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 131

142 Petroleum Storage Tank Fund Board (PSTF) 1215 W State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 332-8100 www.idahopstf.org To direct policies and operation of the fund to assure that it is run as an efficient insurance company, remains actuarially sound and maintains the public purposes for which the Petroleum Clean Water Trust Fund was created. Megan Blanksma Hammett 11/30/2018 Nampa 09/24/2019 Kirk Clarich Blackfoot 09/24/2017 Dennis DeRoche Mark Grannis Coeur d'Alene 09/24/2017 John Jackson Boise 09/24/2019 Forde Johnson Idaho Falls 09/24/2019 Bob Nonini 12/01/2018 Coeur d'Alene Pharmacy, Board of 3380 Americana Terrace, Ste 320, Boise ID 83706 (208) 334-2356 www.idaho.gov/bop To exercise all the rights, powers, and duties of the Department of Law Enforcement with respect to the regulation of pharmacy and pharmacists. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 17, Idaho Code . Nicole L. Chopski Pocatello 06/30/2019 Richard Allan De Blaquiere Sandpoint 06/30/2022 Holly A. Henggeler Fruitland 06/30/2020 Kristina Marie Jonas 06/30/2021 Boise Edmund “Ed” L. Sperry Boise 06/30/2018 Physical Therapy Licensure Board 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To help protect the public health, safety and welfare through the licensure and regulation of physical therapists in Idaho. Title 54, Chapter 22. Coeur d'Alene 12/31/2019 Mike D. Bailey Angela Lynn Lippiello 12/31/2019 Pocatello Andrew Mix Twin Falls 12/31/2018 Gladys B. Schroeder Boise 12/31/2017 Brian White Meridian 12/31/2017 Plumbing Board, State 1090 E Watertower Street, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 334-3442 dbs.idaho.gov To assist the Director of the Department of Labor and Industrial Services in the administration and enforcement of the Uniform Plumbing Code. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 26, Idaho Code . Matthew N. Gardner Pocatello 04/01/2019 John Richard “Rick” Garrett Boise 04/01/2017 Debra K. Oberhofer Coeur d'Alene 04/01/2019 Gilbert Pond Meridian 04/01/2017 Boise 04/01/2019 Shaun Unwin IDAHO BLUE BOOK 132

143 Pacific Northwest Economic Regional Council, Idaho (PNWER) To increase the economic well-being and quality of life for all citizens of the region, while maintaining and enhancing our natural environment. Executive Order No. 2012-07 Eagle 09/13/2016 Bill Barton Max C. Black Boise 09/13/2014 John Chatburn Boise 09/13/2016 09/13/2016 Barbara Cosens Boise Roy L. Eiguren SAP Dover 09/13/2014 George Eskridge Boise 09/13/2014 Mike Golden Lori Hausegger SAP Russ Hendricks Boise 09/13/2014 Roy Lacey Pocatello 12/31/2016 Brad Little Emmett 09/13/2016 Patti Anne Lodge Huston 09/13/2014 Executive Charlene McArthur SAP Boise John “Jack” McIver Moscow 09/13/2016 Curtis McKenzie Nampa 09/13/2016 Brian Ness Eagle SAP Ron Nilson Coeur d’Alene SAP Brian Oakey Boise 09/13/2016 Tom Power Post Falls 09/13/2014 William “Brad” Richy Garden City 09/13/2016 Lewiston John Rusche 09/13/2014 Michelle Stennett Ketchum 09/13/2016 Mark Warbis Meridian 09/13/2014 Meridian 09/13/2014 Brian Whitlock Podiatry, State Board of PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 ibol.idaho.gov/pod.htm To examine and license applicants, and to establish requirements and regulations of ethical practice. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 6, . Idaho Code Jeanne Marie Arnold Post Falls 07/01/2017 Scott Graviet Nampa 07/01/2016 Stewart O. Jones Meridian 07/01/2018 Caldwell 07/01/2019 Ione Springer Douglas S. Williams 07/01/2019 Blackfoot Potato Commission, Idaho 661 S Rivershore Lane, Ste 230, PO Box 1670, Eagle, ID 83616 (208) 334-2350 www.idahopotato.com To define potato and/or onion grades that may be advertised, and to designate the character of the brands, labels or stencils under which potatoes or onions may be marketed. Appointed by the Governor. Title 22, Chapter 12, Idaho Code . Nickolas Clark Blanksma Hammett 09/15/2017 Tommy H. Brown Pocatello 09/15/2019 Melba 09/15/2017 Michael N. Christensen CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 133

144 (continued) Potato Commission, Idaho Peggy Sue Grover Rexburg 09/15/2019 Randy Lloyd Hardy Oakley 09/15/2017 James Hoff 09/15/2018 Idaho Falls Daniel T. Nakamura Idaho Falls 09/15/2018 Ritchey Toevs 09/15/2019 Aberdeen 09/15/2018 Rexburg Lynn F. Wilcox Professional Counselors and Marriage & Family Therapists, State Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To regulate the licensing and practice of professional counselors within the state. Idaho Code Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 34, Fruitland Dennis Baughman 07/01/2017 Judith A. Crews Boise 07/01/2020 Boise Piper Anne Field 07/01/2019 Boise Steven I. Lanzet 07/01/2018 07/01/2017 Boise Dorothy Ann Spenner 07/01/2017 Sandra “Sandy” Sweesy Boise Professional Engineers And Land Surveyors, State Board of 1510 E Watertower Ste 110, Meridian, ID 83642-7993 (208) 373-7210) www.ipels.idaho.gov To safeguard life, health, and property by maintaining standards for the registration of professional engineers, land surveyors, and engineers-in-training. Appointed by the Idaho Code Governor. Title 54, Chapter 12, . Boise Glenn K. Bennett 05/24/2019 John T. Elle 05/24/2021 Pocatello Kuna 05/24/2022 George A. Murgel Rathdrum Dusty Obermayer 05/24/2020 Star 05/24/2018 John Tomkinson 05/24/2020 George Wagner Boise Raymond Watkins Coeur d’Alene 05/24/2020 Psychologist Examiners, Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To prescribe rules and regulations concerning the practice of psychology. Appointed by Idaho Code . the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 23, Boise Jason D. Gage 07/01/2020 Linda C. Hatzenbuehler Pocatello 07/01/2018 07/01/2016 Meridian Travis Hawkes Helen Holley 07/01/2019 Eagle 07/01/2021 Theresa Lynn Ross Pocatello IDAHO BLUE BOOK 134

145 Public Charter School Commission 650 W State Street Room 307, Boise, ID 83720-0037 (208) 332-1583 www.chartercommission.idaho.gov The commission shall assume the role of the recognized chartering entity as authorized by the State Board of Education. Sherrilynn Bair Firth 05/12/2020 Kathleen “Kitty” Kunz Boise 05/12/2019 Castleford 05/12/2018 Kelly Murphey Moscow Nils Peterson 05/12/2019 Coeur d’Alene 05/12/2020 Wanda Quinn Alan Reed 05/12/2018 Idaho Falls Brian Scigliano Boise 05/12/2020 Executive Public Defense Commission, State Title 19, Chapter 8, . Idaho Code Caldwell Darrell Bolz 07/01/2020 Shellee Daniels Malad City 07/01/2020 Eric Fredericksen Meridian 07/01/2020 07/01/2020 Paige Nolta Christy Perry Nampa 11/30/2016 Boise 07/01/2018 Linda Trout Charles L. Winder 11/30/2018 Boise Public Safety Communications Commission 4040 Guard St., Bldg. 600, Boise, ID 83705 (208) 422-3040 ioem.idaho.gov Enhancing Idaho’s public health, safety, and welfare by assisting emergency communications and response professionals in the establishment, management, operations, and accountability of consolidated emergency communications systems. Title 31, Chapter 48, . Idaho Code Caldwell Carmen Boeger 07/01/2018 Michele Carreras Boise 07/01/2018 David Gates Pocatello 07/01/2018 Boise Dan Goicoechea 07/01/2018 R. Haug Rathdrum 07/01/2018 Sam Hulse Shelley 07/01/2020 Len Humphries St. Anthony 07/01/2020 Wes Jones Blackfoot 07/01/2018 John Moore Jerome 07/01/2020 Lewiston 07/01/2020 Travis Myklebust Garret Nancolas 07/01/2020 Caldwell Lorin Nielsen Arimo 07/01/2018 Ralph Powell Meridian 07/01/2020 William Richy 07/01/2020 Garden City Craig Rowland Blackfoot 07/01/2018 Lan Smith Emmett 07/01/2020 Benton Wolfinger Coeur d’Alene 07/01/2018 Nampa 11/30/2018 Rick Youngblood CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 135

146 Public Employee Retirement System of Idaho Board 607 N Eighth Street, Boise ID, 83702 (208) 334-3365 www.persi.idaho.gov To manage a retirement system and disability benefit system for public employees. Appointed by the Governor. Title 59, Chapter 13, Idaho Code . Jeff Cilek Boise 07/01/2020 Joy Fisher Moscow 07/01/2019 Celia R. Gould Boise 07/01/2018 Jody Olson Boise 07/01/2017 Meridian J. Kirk Sullivan 07/01/2021 Public Safety & Security Information System, Idaho (formerly ILETS) PO Box 700, Meridian, ID 83680-0700 (208) 884-7136 https://www.isp.idaho.gov Formerly ILETS. Providing information and identification services that assist law enforcement agencies and support the criminal justice system. Gooding 01/01/2020 Shaun Gough Craig Kingsbury 01/01/2019 Jeff Lavey Boise 01/01/2022 Ralph Powell Meridian SAP Eric Snarr Rupert 01/01/2021 Charlie Spencer 01/01/2018 Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society J.N. Ireland Bank IDAHO BLUE BOOK 136

147 Public Utilities Commission 472 W Washington Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-0330 www.puc.idaho.gov To fix rates which are just and equitable, to maintain a schedule of common carrier’s rates, fares and charges open to public inspection, and generally enforce the statutes of this state affecting public utilities. Appointed by the Governor. Title 61, Chapter 2, . Idaho Code Priest Lake Eric Anderson 01/10/2019 01/10/2023 Boise Paul Kjellander Kristine Alison Sasser Boise 01/13/2021 Public Works Contractors License Board 1090 E Watertower Street, Meridian, ID 83642 Executive (208) 334-4057 dbs.idaho.gov To examine and license contractors, builders, and subcontractors interested in bidding on and performing public works construction for the state and its political subdivisions. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 19, Idaho Code . 01/01/2018 Blackfoot Robbie Ray Austin 01/01/2017 Sandpoint Brian B. Bailey Karen Echeverria Boise 01/01/2019 Idaho Falls Evan H. Goodwin 01/01/2018 Boise 01/01/2019 Charles Graves Joe Jackson Boise 01/01/2018 Hayden James John Roletto 01/01/2019 Boise 01/01/2017 Garry D. Tolley Rangeland Resources Commission PO Box 126, Emmett, ID 83617 (208) 398-7002 www.idrange.org To provide programs that result in an informed public that understands and supports balanced, responsible management of Idaho’s economically vital private and public rangelands. Title 58, Chapter 14 Idaho Code Chris Black Bruneau 06/30/2018 Tendoy 06/30/2019 Ross K. Goddard Todd Holbrook 06/30/2020 Bancroft John Peavey Hailey 07/01/2017 Royce Schwenkfelder Cambridge 06/30/2021 Real Estate Appraiser Board 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To issue certificates to real estate appraisers. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 41, Idaho Code . Eric Brinton Coeur d’Alene 07/01/2018 07/01/2021 Boise Scott Calhoun CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 137

148 (continued) Real Estate Appraiser Board B. Jane McClaran Boise 07/01/2020 Paul Morgan Idaho Falls 07/01/2021 Douglas Vollmer Twin Falls 07/01/2018 Real Estate Commission 633 N Fourth Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 334-3285 www.irec.idaho.gov To conduct examinations within the state to determine the competency of applicants for . Idaho Code license. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 20, 07/01/2021 Michael Lane Gamblin Boise 07/01/2018 Idaho Falls Michael James Johnston Twin Falls Jill Stone 07/01/2020 Moscow Kathleen Ann Weber 07/01/2019 Registration for Professional Geologists, State Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To examine the qualifications of geologists in order to grant them licenses to practice in Idaho. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 28, Idaho Code. Boise Steven L. Derricott 07/01/2019 Moscow 07/01/2017 Mickey E. Gunter Thomas Mullen Coeur d’Alene 07/01/2020 07/01/2018 Boise Dale G. Osterman Boise 07/01/2021 Donna Welch Roadless Rule Implementation Commission, Governor’s Work with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Forest Service in drafting the roadless rule for Idaho, ensure that the spirit and letter of the Governor’s petition is achieved in the draft and final federal rule and review the proposed rule and coordinate State comments in response to the draft federal rule. Executive Order No. 2006-44 Emmett SAP Jim Caswell SAP Salmon Robert E. Cope SAP Bonners Ferry Dan Dinning Coeur d'Alene Bradley J. Gilbert SAP John Steven Hadley Pocatello SAP Dale R. Harris Missoula SAP SAP Grangeville D. William Higgins Orofino SAP Alex Irby SAP Richard “Rick” E. Johnson Boise Troy David D. McGraw SAP Boise SAP Jonathan Doherty Oppenheimer SAP Bonners Ferry Patricia N. Perry James S. Riley SAP Hayden Lake Pollock Scott C. Stouder SAP IDAHO BLUE BOOK 138

149 Rural Partnership, Idaho 1090 East Watertower Street, Suite 100, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 332-1731 irp.idaho.gov Assesses conditions in rural Idaho, advises the Governor and the Legislature on public policy and strategies to improve the quality of life in rural Idaho. Executive Order No. 2004-03 Pat Barclay Boise 04/23/2019 Art Beal Twin Falls Ann Beebe Boise Dan Chadwick Boise Trent Clark Soda Springs Stephanie Cook Idaho Falls Barry Daniels Pocatello 04/23/2019 Celia Gould Boise Executive Seth Grig Boise Aaron Johnson Boise Rick Keller Pocatello 04/23/2019 Erik Kingston Boise 04/23/2019 John Meyers Boise Joe Herring Twin Falls Daryl Moser Boise Timothy Murphy Boise Brian Ness Boise Mark Nye Pocatello Barbara Petty Moscow David Porter Seattle Caldwell Jim Rice Megan Ronk Boise Boise Cecilia Seescholtz Tim Solomon 04/23/2019 Rexburg John Tippets Boise Sally Toone Gooding Caroline Nilsson Troy Genesee Roy Valdez Boise 04/01/2019 Jim Werntz Boise Scaling Practices, Idaho Board of 3780 Industrial Avenue South, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83815 (208) 769-1445 www.ibsp.idaho.gov To accomplish a uniform method of measuring or scaling forest products. Appointed by Idaho Code . the Governor. Title 38,Chapter 12, Brett Thomas Bennett 04/01/2018 Moscow Robert E. Boeh Sandpoint 04/01/2018 Jack A. Buell St. Maries 04/01/2019 Gerry Ikola McCall 04/01/2020 Tom Schultz Boise SAP H. Larry Stewart Spirit Lake 04/01/2020 04/01/2019 Viola Trevor M. Stone CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 139

150 School Building Safety Code Committee 650 W State Street, Room 200, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 332-6853 Candis Donicht SAP Moscow Eagle SAP Milford Terrell Star SAP Tina Gustaveson Wilson School Safety & Security Advisory Board 1090 E. Watertower St., Ste. 150, Meridian, ID 83642 (208) 334-3950 dbs.idaho.gov Develop, annually review and modify, if necessary, school safety and security guidelines for the office of school safety and security to use in conducting its annual assessments, training and technical assistance. Title 33, Chapter 59, Idaho Code . Logan Easley Kuna 07/01/2019 Matt Freeman Boise 07/01/2018 James Fry, Jr. Troy 07/01/2019 John Ganske Pocatello 07/01/2018 David Gates Pocatello 07/01/2018 Hailey Jeff Gunter 07/01/2018 Meridian 07/01/2018 Marv Hagedorn Matthew Handelman 07/01/2019 Coeur d’Alene Jeri Henley Jerome 07/01/2018 Wendy Horman Idaho Falls 07/01/2018 Charles “Chad” Huff 07/01/2018 Fruitland Matt McCarter Boise 07/01/2018 Patrick McDonald Boise 11/30/2016 William “Brad” Richy Garden City 08/31/2018 Beardmore Block Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society IDAHO BLUE BOOK 140

151 Serve Idaho, The Governor’s Commission on Service and Volunteerism 317 Main Street, Boise ID 83735-0785 (208) 332-3578 or 1-800-588-3334 within Idaho www.serveidaho.org To advise and assist in the development and implementation of a comprehensive, statewide plan for promoting volunteer involvement and citizen participation in Idaho, as well as to serve as the state’s liaison to national, state and community organizations which support the intent of the National and Community Service Trust Act of 1993. Executive Order No. 2006-14. Boise 03/01/2018 Judith Bittick Kara Hartmann Brascia Boise 03/01/2019 Douglas Brown Garden City 03/01/2020 April Durrant Boise SAP Executive Kenneth Edmunds SAP Twin Falls Patricia Lundquist Eriksen Soda Springs 03/01/2019 Lori Hendon Boise SAP Henry Henscheid Blackfoot 03/01/2018 Donald Heuer Caldwell 03/01/2018 Michael Jensen Boise 03/01/2018 Grangeville Kristi Keeler 03/01/2018 Charlette P. Kremer Lewiston 03/01/2020 Coeur d'Alene William John Langer 03/01/2020 Amy Little Meridian SAP Lewiston 03/01/2020 Jesse Alejandro Maldonado Ronald Marsden 03/01/2018 Firth Camille McCashland Boise 03/01/2020 Mary Miles Lapwai 03/01/2019 Ben Quintana Boise SAP Carrie Reese 03/01/2019 Hayden Lake Cody Roell Nampa 03/01/2020 Kimber Russell-Simmons Meridian 03/01/2018 Colleen Schowalter Boise 03/01/2019 Kristen Tracy Boise 03/01/2018 Bryan Wewers Boise 03/01/2020 Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Chesterfield Meeting House CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 141

152 Sexual Offender Management Board 1299 North Orchard, Ste. 110, Boise, ID 83706 (208) 658-2149 www.socb.idaho.gov To assess the risk of reoffense of any offender convicted or incarcerated for the commission of a crime as set forth in Chapters 15, 40, 45, 61 or 65 of Title 18, Idaho Code . Jeffrey A. Betts Boise 01/01/2019 William Crawford 01/01/2018 Middleton Jean M. Fisher Boise 01/01/2018 Paula K. Garay Meridian 01/01/2020 Melissa Hultberg Boise 01/01/2018 Christine Iverson 01/01/2018 Michael David Johnston Boise 01/01/2019 Moira Lynch Boise 01/01/2018 Kimberly Simmons Meridian 01/01/2020 Erwin Sonnenberg Boise 01/01/2020 Matthew Thomas Weiser 01/01/2019 Sheep And Goat Health Board, Idaho 802 W Bannock, Rm. 205, Boise, ID 83701 (208) 334-3115 www.agri.idaho.gov To make and supervise rules and regulations concerning sheep and all other matters pertaining to sheep in the state or which may be brought or shipped into the state. Appointed by the Governor. Title 25, Chapter 1, . Idaho Code Caldwell Marie S. Bulgin 01/01/2022 John R. Peterson Emmett 01/01/2020 Oakley 01/01/2018 Don Pickett Cambridge 01/01/2020 Kimberly Smith Royer Michael Glenn Secrest Hagerman 01/01/2018 Social Work Examiners, Board of 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise ID 83720-0063 (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To protect the public by setting standards of qualification, education, training, experience and professional competence for those who engage in the practice of social work. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Section 32, Idaho Code . Joan M. Cloonan Garden City 07/01/2019 Virginia Dickman Meridian 07/01/2018 Eleanor Pepi Downey Lewiston 07/01/2021 Lynnet Renee Kase Hayden 07/01/2020 Robert F. Payne Hailey 07/01/2019 Idaho Falls 07/01/2017 Kristopher L. Walton IDAHO BLUE BOOK 142

153 Soil & Water Conservation Commission, State 650 W State Street, Room 145, Boise, ID 83720-0083 (208) 332-1890 www.swc.idaho.gov To offer such assistance as may be appropriate to the various supervisors of the soil conservation districts in carrying out their duties. Appointed by the Governor. Title 22, Chapter 27, Idaho Code Idaho Falls 07/01/2019 Dave G. Radford Meridian 07/01/2020 Catherine Roemer Leon Kyle Slichter Grangeville 07/01/2018 Gerald “Jerry” Trebesch Boise 07/01/2021 H. Norman Wright American Falls 07/01/2022 Speech and Hearing Services Licensure Board 700 W State Street, 1st Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0063 Executive (208) 334-3233 www.ibol.idaho.gov To evaluate qualifications of applicants for licensure, approve and administer examinations for knowledge and proficiency and to act on matters of licensure, revocation and renewal. LaVona Andrew Boise 07/01/2020 Boise 07/01/2017 Dennis J. Bell 07/01/2018 Gooding Gayle L. Chaney 07/01/2020 Moscow Kenneth W. Nuhn Cynthia Kathleen Olsen 07/01/2019 Boise 07/01/2019 Boise Barbra Fischer Osterhout 07/01/2018 Kevin C. Woodall Boise State Bar, Idaho 525 W Jefferson Street, PO Box 895, Boise, ID 83701 (208) 334-4500 www.isb.idaho.gov Boise David C. Cooper Kent A. Higgins Pocatello Coeur d’Alene Michael T. Howard Michelle R. Points Boise Twin Falls Dennis S. Vorhees State Historical Society, Idaho Idaho History Center, 2205 Old Penitentiary Rd, Boise ID 83712 (208) 334-2682 history.idaho.gov To preserve and protect the state’s historic, archaeological, architectural, and cultural heritage resources. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 41, . Idaho Code Hope Ann Benedict Salmon 12/31/2020 Earl Bennett Genesee 12/31/2022 Tom Blanchard 12/31/2017 Bellevue Bill Butticci Emmett 12/31/2019 Ernest A. Hoidal Boise 12/31/2020 James “Jim” Johnston Pocatello 12/31/2019 Coeur d'Alene 12/31/2020 Don Pischner CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 143

154 State Racing Commission, Idaho 700 S Stratford, PO Box 700, Meridian, ID 83680-0700 (208) 884-7080 www.isp.state.id.us/race To prepare a complete set of rules and regulations to govern race meets and the pari- mutuel system. It shall also be the duty of the commission to license, regulate, and supervise all race meets held in the state. Appointed by the Governor. Title 54, Chapter 25, Idaho Code . Coeur d'Alene 01/01/2019 James C. Hammond Boise 01/15/2022 Paul J. Schneider Fred H. Snook Salmon 01/01/2019 STEM Action Center Board 802 W. Bannock St., Ste. 701, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 332-1729 stem.idaho.gov Produce a STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) competitive workforce by implementing Idaho’s Kindergarten through Career STEM education programs aligned with industry needs. Title 67, Chapter 8, Idaho Code . Idaho Falls Todd Allen 07/01/2019 07/01/2019 Twin Falls Kenneth Edmunds 07/01/2019 Rathdrum Lorna Finman Von Hansen 07/01/2019 Eagle Boise David Hill 07/01/2019 07/01/2019 Boise Dee Mooney 07/01/2019 Meridian Megan Ronk 07/01/2019 Jeff Williams Sun Valley 07/01/2019 Chubbuck Charles Zimmerly Tax Appeals, Board of 3380 Americana Terrace, Ste 110, Boise, ID 83706 (208) 334-3354 www.bta.idaho.gov To permit appeals on sales tax matters and, from the Board of County Commissioners, Title 63, Chapter 38, Appointed by the Governor. on property tax matters. Idaho Code . Cascade 06/30/2018 Leland G. Heinrich 06/30/2019 Lewisville David E. Kinghorn Linda Pike 06/30/2017 Moscow Tax Commission, State 800 Park Boulevard. Plaza IV, Boise, ID 83722-0410 (208) 334-7500 tax.idaho.gov To administer all areas of tax equalization, assessment and collection. Appointed by the Governor. Title 63, Chapter 5, . Idaho Code Richard W. Jackson Emmett 04/01/2017 Tom Katsilometes Meridian 03/08/2023 Ken Roberts Donnelly 04/01/2019 03/08/2021 Boise Elliot Werk IDAHO BLUE BOOK 144

155 Technology Authority, Idaho 650 W. State Street, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 332-1876 ita.idaho.gov The Idaho Technology Authority (ITA) reviews and evaluates the information technology and telecommunications systems presently in use by state agencies, and prepares statewide short and long-range IT and Telecommunications Plans. Title 67, Chapter 57, Idaho Code . Boise SAP Carmen Archabal Nampa 11/30/2018 Jeff Agenbroad Pam Bond SAP Pat Donaldson SAP Jay Engstrom SAP Matt Freeman Boise SAP David Fulkerson SAP Executive John Gannon 11/30/2018 Boise Dan Goicoechea SAP Cathy Holland-Smith SAP Kevin Hudgens SAP Kevin Iwersen SAP Charlene Mcarthur Boise SAP Jim Nottingham SAP Eagle Dave Taylor SAP SAP Richard Turner SAP Greg Zickau Time Sensitive Emergency System Council The 2014 Idaho Legislature approved and funded a plan to develop a statewide Time Sensitive Emergency system of care that will include three of the top five causes of deaths in Idaho: trauma, stroke and heart attack. Studies show that organized systems of care improve patient outcomes, reduce the frequency of preventable death and improve the quality of life of the patient. Eagle 07/01/2018 Harry L. Eccard Drew S. Forney Boise 07/01/2020 Bradley Huerta Pocatello 07/01/2018 Kelly James McGrath Orofino 07/01/2020 Casey Meza 07/01/2020 Coeur d’Alene Bill R. Morgan Eagle 07/01/2018 Marshall F. Priest Boise 07/01/2018 William J. Spencer Grangeville 07/01/2020 Jami Thomas Rigby 07/01/2018 Greg Vickers Pocatello 07/01/2020 07/01/2018 Meridian Michael Weimer CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 145

156 Transportation Board, Idaho 3311 W State Street, Boise, ID 83707 (208) 334-8000 www.itd.idaho.gov To plan, develop, construct and maintain a system of state highways. Appointed by the . Idaho Code Governor. Title 40, Chapter 3, Coeur d'Alene 01/31/2019 R. James Coleman Julie D. DeLorenzo Boise 01/31/2021 Idaho Falls 01/31/2020 Lee Gagner Pocatello 01/31/2023 Dwight Horsch Albion Jim Kempton 01/31/2018 Lewiston Janice B. Vassar 01/31/2022 Jerry Whitehead Boise SAP Travel Council, Idaho 700 W State Street, 2nd Floor, Boise, ID 83720-0093 (208) 334-2470 www.tourism.idaho.gov To advise the Department of Commerce on matters related to the travel and convention industry. Appointed by the Governor. Title 67, Chapter 47, Idaho Code . Shawn Barigar Twin Falls 01/01/2019 Douglas D. Burnett Rathdrum 01/01/2020 Courtney N. Ferguson Rexburg 01/01/2018 Sun Valley Michael Fitzpatrick 01/01/2019 Matthew J. Hunter Pocatello 01/01/2018 Boise James Thomas Manion 01/01/2019 Richard Alan Shaffer Wallace 01/01/2018 Lara Heidtman Smith Kooskia 01/01/2019 Treasurer’s Investment Advisory Board 700 W. Jefferson, #102, Boise, ID 83720 (208) 332-2942 sto.idaho.gov Cameron Marcus Arial Eagle 07/01/2018 Ron Crane Nampa CWT Mary Hughes Boise 07/01/2020 Dennis Lane Johnson Eagle 07/01/2018 Gary Glenn Michael Boise 07/01/2020 Boise 07/01/2020 Kerrie Murray IDAHO BLUE BOOK 146

157 Veterans Affairs Commission 320 Collins Road, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 577-2310 www.veterans.idaho.gov To manage and operate the Veterans Home at Boise and provide care and financial assistance to honorably discharged servicemen. Appointed by the Governor. Title 65, Chapter 2, Idaho Code . Virginia (Jinny) Cash Grangeville 01/16/2020 Leo J. Dub Orofino 01/16/2018 Arthur L. Gimpel Idaho Falls 01/15/2018 Mel Napier Boise 01/16/2020 01/16/2017 John A. Spurny Mountain Home Executive Veterinary Medicine, State Board of 2270 Old Penitentiary Road, Boise, ID 83702 (208) 332-8588 www.bovm.state.id.us To conduct examinations to ascertain qualifications of applicants to practice veterinary medicine and prescribe rules and regulations defining what constitutes a school, college or university and its reputability in accordance with such rules and regulations. Appointed by the Governor. Chapter 54, Title 21, Idaho Code . Bruce Dredge Rexburg 09/01/2019 David Gerber Coeur d’Alene 09/01/2017 Nampa William Maupin 09/01/2020 Robert Pierce Sandpoint 09/01/2021 Heyburn 09/01/2018 Jody Rockett Kathy Simpson Idaho Falls 09/01/2019 Water Resource Board, Idaho 322 E Front Street, Boise ID 83720-0098 (208) 287-4800 www.idwr.idaho.gov To prepare a present and continuing inventory of the water resources of the state. Appointed by the Governor. Title 42, Chapter 17, Idaho Code . Kimberly Vince Alberdi 01/01/2021 Boise 01/01/2021 Albert P. Barker Roger Chase Pocatello 01/01/2021 Charles Cuddy Orofino 01/01/2019 St. Anthony Jeffery D. Raybould 01/01/2019 John Albert Stevenson Rupert 01/01/2021 01/01/2019 Peter D. Van Der Meulen Hailey 01/01/2019 Hope Dale W. Van Stone CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 147

158 Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education 650 W. State Street, Boise, ID 83720-0027 (208) 332-6800 www.wiche.edu John Anthony “Tony” Fernandez Lewiston 01/24/2018 Matt Freeman Boise 01/24/2020 01/24/2018 Julie VanOrden Pingree Western States Water Council 322 E Front Street, PO Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0098 (208) 287-4803 www.idwr.idaho.gov SAP Boise John Chatburn SAP Garden City Curt Fransen C.L. “Butch” Otter CWT Boise Rexburg SAP Jerry R. Rigby SAP John Simpson SAP Gary Spackman Eagle Wheat Commission, Idaho 821 W State Street, Boise ID 83702 (208) 334-2353 www.idahowheat.org To conduct a campaign of research, education and publicity; find new markets for wheat and wheat products; show the value of wheat and wheat products for any purpose for which it is found useful and profitable. Appointed by the Governor. Title 22, Chapter Idaho Code . 33, Joseph R. Anderson Genesee 06/30/2017 Soda Springs Gerald “Jerry” L. Brown 06/30/2019 06/30/2018 Bill Flory Culdesac Celia R. Gould Boise CWT Clark Hamilton Ririe 06/30/2020 Ned R. Moon Heyburn 06/30/2021 Wolf Depredation Control Board, Idaho Idaho Code Title 22, Chapter 53, . Celia R. Gould Buhl CWT 07/01/2018 Anthony R. McDermott Sagle Virgil Moore Boise CWT Meridian Carl Dean Rey 07/01/2019 07/01/2018 Richard N. Savage Hamer IDAHO BLUE BOOK 148

159 Workforce Development Council 317 W Main, Boise ID 83735 (208) 332-3570 ext 3318 labor.idaho.gov Created by Executive Order No. 2004-08. Shelli Bardsley Pocatello 09/01/2018 Bradford Cederblom Rathdrum 09/01/2018 Boise 09/01/2019 Linda Clark Pocatello 09/01/2019 Phillip Clifton, Sr. Twin Falls SAP Kenneth Edmunds Matt Freeman Boise SAP Berton Glandon 09/01/2018 Eagle Steinar Hjelle Boise 09/01/2018 Mark Holubar Idaho Falls 09/01/2018 Dwight Johnson Boise SAP Executive Marianne Kaufmann Lewiston 09/01/2018 Tim Komberec Athol 09/01/2017 Jay Larsen Boise 09/01/2019 Jefferson McCray Burley 09/01/2019 Boise Deanna McCutcheon 09/01/2018 Jan Nielsen Rexburg 09/01/2018 Meridian Angelique Pruitt 09/01/2018 R. Scott Rasmussen Pocatello 09/01/2019 Megan Ronk Meridian SAP Todd Schwarz Twin Falls 09/01/2017 B.J. Swanson 09/01/2018 Troy Aaron White Meridian 09/01/2018 Kenneth Wiesmore, Jr. Twin Falls 09/01/2019 Travis Woolsey Pocatello 09/01/2018 Sherri Ybarra Mountain Home Ex-officio John Young Hayden 09/01/2018 Potlatch Depot Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society CHAPTER 3: Executive Branch 149

160 Old Idaho State Penitentiary Photo courtesy of Laura Weston Lemhi County Courthouse Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society 150 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

161 Legislative Branch Chamber and 4th Floor Gallery Photo Courtesy of Taner Oz

162 Legislative Districts 152 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

163 Legislative Branch The Idaho Legislature is responsible success can be attributed to the fact that Idaho’s legislators are “citizen” legislators, for translating the public will into not career politicians. They are farmers public policy for the state, levying taxes, and ranchers, business men and women, appropriating public funds, and overseeing lawyers, doctors, sales people, loggers, the administration of state agencies. These teachers. Elected for two-year terms and responsibilities are carried out through the in session at the Capitol just three months legislative process -- laws passed by elected each year, Idaho’s citizen legislators are able representatives of the people, legislators. to maintain close ties to their communities Since statehood in 1890, Idaho’s legislators and a keen interest in the concerns of the have enjoyed a rich and successful history electorate. of charting the state’s growth. Much of that The Legislature’s Mission The Idaho Legislature is committed to Preserve the state’s environment and • carrying out its mission in a manner that ensure wise, productive use of the inspires public trust and confidence in state’s natural resources; elected government and the rule of law. Carry out oversight responsibilities to • The mission of the Legislature is to: enhance government accountability; and Preserve the checks and balances of • • Raise revenues and appropriate monies state government by the independent that support necessary government Legislative exercise of legislative powers; services. • Adopt a system of laws that promote the health, education and well-being of Idaho’s citizens; The Chambers The Idaho State Capitol, constructed in accommodate a growing Legislature. the same classical style of architecture as By the 1990s, crowding, outdated mechanical systems, and decades of our nation’s Capitol, was started in 1905 hard use left their mark on the aging and the central portion was finished in building. Recognizing the need to save 1911. The east and west wings occupied the historic Statehouse and keep the by the Legislature were finished in 1921. building a working seat of government, Idaho sandstone was used in facing the outside walls and Alaskan marble was used the Legislature authorized creation of the Idaho Capitol Commission in 1998 to plan for the floors, staircases and trimmings. The inside walls are of Vermont marble. for and oversee a complete restoration, refurbishment, and expansion of the Idaho The interior of the Capitol Building has been remodeled several times during it’s Capitol and its grounds. This massive undertaking was completed in December 100-year history. Interior changes were 2009. made during the 1950s and 1970s to The Membership Census figures are published every ten years, Presently, the Idaho Legislature realigns legislative districts proportionately is composed of 35 Senators and 70 with the census population totals. This had Representatives elected for two-year terms. been the responsibility of the Legislature The state is divided into 35 legislative prior to 1994, when an amendment to the districts, each represented by one Senator Idaho Constitution was adopted creating and two Representatives. Reapportionment, an independent commission to reapportion which must take place soon after the U.S. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 153

164 egislative compensation is established starting in 2001 and thereafter. L Elections are held in November of even- by a citizens’ committee, subject to rejection by the full Legislature. Legislators receive numbered years, and the newly elected legislators officially take office December $16,684 per year, plus expenses for 1 following the election. Representatives housing and travel during the session, and and senators must be citizens of the United a constituent service allowance of $2,250. The President Pro Tem and Speaker receive States, electors of the state and residents of their legislative district for at least one an additional $4,000 per year. year prior to election. The Sessions U ntil 1969, sessions of the Idaho on the Monday on or closest to January 9th. Legislature were held every two years. In Extraordinary sessions of the Legislature may be called only by the Governor by November of 1968, the citizens of Idaho approved a Constitutional Amendment which proclamation and legislators may then act only upon those subjects specified in the authorized annual sessions. Since 1969, the Idaho Legislature convenes each January proclamation. The Officers Presiding over the Senate is the assistant minority floor leaders, who are Lieutenant Governor, who is an elected elected by the members of the minority executive official. When presiding over the party. Senate, he is designated the President of The Speaker of the House, in cooperation with the members of the majority party, the Senate. The Senate also has a President assigns the chairmanships of all committees Pro Tempore, who is elected each session and the memberships of the committees by the Senate membership. In the House of in the House. In the Senate, the President Representatives, the Speaker of the House Pro Tem, with the approval of the Senate, presides over the sessions. He is elected at assigns members to committees. the beginning of the session by the members The President of the Senate and the and is a member of the majority party. The majority party of both houses also Speaker of the House assign all bills to committees as they are processed “across selects majority and assistant majority floor leaders, who assist in the orderly process the desk” during the sessions. of the session, along with the minority and Senate Leadership Lt. Governor Brad Little (208) 334-2200 President Pro Tempore (208) 332-1300 Brent Hill Majority Leader Bart M. Davis (208) 332-1305 Assistant Majority Leader Chuck Winder (208) 332-1308 Majority Caucus Chair Todd M. Lakey (208) 332-1304 Minority Leader Michelle Stennett (208) 332-1410 Assistant Minority Leader Cherie Buckner-Webb (208) 332-1411 (208) 332-1412 Maryanne Jordan Minority Caucus Chair IDAHO BLUE BOOK 154

165 House of Representatives Leadership Scott Bedke Speaker of the House (208) 332-1111 Majority Leader (208) 332-1120 Mike Moyle Assistant Majority Leader Brent J. Crane (208) 332-1120 Majority Caucus Chair John Vander Woude (208) 332-1120 (208) 332-1132 Minority Leader Mathew W. Erpelding (208) 332-1132 Ilana Rubel Assistant Minority Leader Elaine Smith (208) 332-1132 Minority Caucus Chair Lobbyists Any person who contacts a legislator daho Code Chapter 66, I ) was enacted into or a legislative committee with the intent law by an initiative in the 1974 general election by 78 percent voter approval. to influence the approval, modification or The law was effective upon the Governor’s rejection of any legislation is a lobbyist. If this person accepts payment for his services proclamation on November 27, 1974. Registered lobbyists are required to file as a lobbyist, he must register with the office periodic reports of their activities which of the Secretary of State and comply with disclose contributions and expenditures. the “Sunshine Law” for political funds and The following tables are from records on lobbyist disclosure. Legislative The Sunshine Law for Political Funds file in the Secretary of State’s office. and Lobbyist Activity Disclosure (Title 67, Year No. of Registered Lobbyists Total Expenditures 1974* 28 $3,812.70 1975 488 $128,537.32 424 1976 $140,177.65 1977 298 $264,143.25 278 $134,179.01 1978 $105,560.31 1979 290 1980 274 $126,950.16 1981 296 $169,693.58 268 1982 $150,884.74 1983 $137,924.59 258 290 $154,304.95 1984 291 $165,162.40 1985 1986 289 $160,120.39 1987 262 $220,746.88 1988 283 $233,383.37 284 $228,539.28 1989 1990 $329,419.01 304 1991 269 $293,655.21 1992 300 $268,455.78 1993 $280,516.82 290 1994 287 $272,151.84 1995 296 $266,523.93 1996 312 $271,648.14 $278,374.37 325 1997 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 155

166 1998 322 $457,151.62 340 1999 $403,446.49 2000 355 $368,657.36 2001 331 $464,249.76 336 $397,031.48 2002 2003 366 $492,137.78 309 $487,340.65 2004 2005 $506,766.91 321 2006 392 $869,663.60 2007 372 $502,528.22 2008 393 $588,188.18 395 $505,977.75 2009 2010 $503,862.17 408 2011 423 $942,631.35 2012 422 $650,863.58 2013 $667,047.27 414 2014 421 $565,609.34 2015 449 $758,043.31 2016 427 $662,217.86 *The expenditures of lobbyists registered in 1974 were incurred from the effective date of the law, November 27, 1974 through December 31, 1974. The Legislature at Work at times, members will be away from their Each daily session of each house of the desks. Some may be in caucuses, which Legislature begins with the roll call of the members and a prayer by the Chaplain, are informal meetings of the members of one political party, or perhaps testifying who is selected by the members the first for their own bills before Senate or House day of the session. raditionally, the sessions begin at committees. Others may be involved in T 10:00 a.m. each morning and last until hurried conferences with other members, all immediate business to be considered or be seeing constituents or groups from is finished. In the early morning and their home districts who are visiting the late afternoon, committee meetings are Capitol. Some of the informal conferences scheduled to prevent any conflict with the on controversial issues will occur on the sessions. Late in the session, late afternoon floor itself. Press, radio and television sessions are common. The sessions held at correspondents assigned to the Legislature the beginning of the year are of a shorter have been allocated desks along the sides duration as committees are meeting much of the podium of the chamber floor so they of the time to consider legislation referred can follow closely the session business. to their committees. Some of the activity on the floor is Most of the media quarters are located on necessary daily routine. For this reason, the garden level of the Capitol. The Committee Structure majority of the members, through training The House of Representatives has or inclination, are highly conversant in 14 committees and the Senate has 10. certain areas. Effort is made to see that each Committee membership is determined member is assigned the committee of his basically by the interest of the individual choice. When appointments of committee members. Although no one member can be chairmanships are made, it is customary expected to be an expert in all fields, the vast IDAHO BLUE BOOK 156

167 to appoint a member of the majority party or not it should be sent out to the Senate as chairman. or House for consideration by the entire body. Much of the decision-making and Once the legislative session gets evaluation of bills, or proposed laws, is underway, the committees concern done by committees. Usually the respective themselves with all bills assigned to them. houses will follow the recommendations Those interested in a particular bill are of its committees. However, the members encouraged to testify before the committee who support or oppose bills will often speak to which the bill is assigned. on controversial measures in an attempt Committee study guarantees a fair to influence the final vote by the entire and impartial hearing upon each bill House or Senate. before committee members vote upon its merits and then determine whether Voting seated at desks facing The members are automatically totalled. The presiding officer the Speaker or President. Their desks have announces the vote after the machine has microphones to be used when addressing recorded the same. In the Senate, voting the session. When members wish to address is done by voice roll call vote and recorded the House, they request recognition from on a tally sheet by the Secretary of the the presiding officer. Senate. The President of the Senate then The members of the House of announces the vote. Legislative A majority vote in the House and the Representatives vote through electric Senate is 51% of the members present at scoreboards at the sides of the chamber. the time of the vote. There is an exception By punching a button on their desk, they to this rule which applies in certain issues indicate “yes” or “no” votes through the lighting up of a green or red bulb alongside when a two-thirds majority is required. their names on the boards. These votes are Senate and House Staff The staff, at the desks just below the been completed. In addition, the Secretary Speaker and the President, process all bills of the Senate and the Chief Clerk of the and resolutions through the Legislature. House have general responsibility for all The Secretary of the Senate and the Chief Senate and House employees, including Clerk of the House, the parliamentarians of journal clerks, docket clerks, secretaries their respective chambers, administer the and committee staff. legislative process. Directly responsible to T he Idaho Legislature employs approximately 70 to 80 people during the presiding officers, they are in charge of legislative sessions to fill various support keeping a record of all business transacted positions. The Sergeant at Arms in the during the sessions. They are responsible Senate and the House, under the direction for the distribution of all printed bills and of the Secretary of the Senate and the Chief in charge of all documents for the session. Clerk of the House, oversee security, pages They record and process each document for and doorkeepers. each day’s business. A bill is said to be “read across the desk” when this processing has Chief Clerk of the House Secretary of the Senate Carrie Maulin Jennifer Novak P.O. Box 83720 P.O. Box 83720 Boise, ID 83720-0038 Boise, ID 83720-0081 (208) 332-1141 (208) 332-1309 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 157

168 Publications Three publications are printed daily weekly on Monday, lists all bills and by the Legislature. The Senate and House resolutions in numerical order, gives more detailed descriptive information and recaps Journals give a chronological account of all action on that bill, including roll call the daily proceedings, including the roll call vote upon all actions which require a votes. The Weekly Bill Status also includes recorded vote. a complete subject index of legislation introduced. Each house of the Legislature The Journals are printed during the prints and distributes all bills, resolutions night and distributed to members before and memorials introduced the previous each session in the morning. The Mini- legislative day. Data, published daily except Monday and Copies of these publications and all bills, available before the session begins each morning, lists House and Senate bills in resolutions and memorials are available numerical order, gives an abbreviated from the Legislative Mail Room located on the garden level of the Capitol. description and the last action on each bill. The Weekly Bill Status is published Legislative Council The Legislative Council oversees the majority and minority leaders of the management responsibilities and each house, four senators appointed by permanent staff of the Legislature. The the parties of the Senate, two from each Council, established in 1963, consists of the party, and four representatives chosen President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the in caucus by the parties of the House of Speaker of the House of Representatives, Representatives, two from each party. Senate Members House Members Rep. Scott Bedke Sen. Brent Hill Sen. Bart Davis Rep. Mike Moyle Sen. Steve Bair Rep. Clark Kauffman Rep. Jason Monks Sen. Steve Vick Rep. Mathew W. Erpelding Sen. Michelle Stennett Rep. Phylis King Sen. Cherie Buckner-Webb Rep. Paulette Jordan Sen. Grant Burgoyne Joint Finance-Appropriations Committee (JFAC) well as other requests for appropriations The Senate Finance Committee and submitted to the Legislature. JFAC’s the House Appropriations Committee recommendations on agency budgets are meet as the Joint Finance-Appropriations submitted to the Legislature in the form Committee (JFAC) to establish the state of appropriation bills, and rarely fail to be budget. Meeting daily through most of approved by the full Legislature. JFAC also the legislative session, JFAC members review the executive budget and budget has been asked by the Legislative Council requests of each state department, agency to review legislative audits of state and and institution, including requests for local governments. construction of capital improvements, as IDAHO BLUE BOOK 158

169 JFAC Members Senate Finance House Appropriations Sen. Shawn Keough Rep. Maxine Bell Sen. Steve Bair Rep. Rick Youngblood Rep. Steven Miller Sen. Dean Mortimer Rep. Van Burtenshaw Sen. Fred S. Martin Rep. Wendy Horman Sen. Mary Souza Sen. Abby Lee Rep. Luke Malek Sen. Jeff Agenbroad Rep. Neil A. Anderson Sen. Carl Crabtree Rep. Sage G. Dixon Rep. Phylis King Sen. Janie Ward-Engelking Sen. Mark Nye Rep. Melissa Wintrow Legislative Services Office • Research and Legislation: conducts Eric Milstead, Director (208) 334-2475 research for legislators, drafts The Legislative Services Office was legislation, staffs legislative study created by the Legislature in 1993 to committees, reviews administrative consolidate the nonpartisan staff support agency rules, and provides to Idaho’s citizen legislators. In an effort to information on the legislative process coordinate services, a Director of Legislative Legislative and legislative history to the public Services was named to oversee three and other state agencies. formerly separate offices. Functions of the • Information Technology: maintains Legislative Services Office include: the Legislature’s comprehensive computer network, which links all • Budget and Policy Analysis: assists legislative and staff offices, and legislators with the state’s budget supports other legislative technology making process and provides policy initiatives. advice to individual legislators and legislative committees. Streamlining legislative staff services • Legislative Audits: conducts financial represents the Legislature’s commitment to post-audits of state agencies -- an “reinventing government” and improving effort to ensure state and local the way government works. An effort to government agencies spend funds modernize services, the team management properly and in accordance with concept encourages communication and government accounting standards. coordination among all areas of legislative support staff. Office of Performance Evaluations Rakesh Mohan, Director (208) 332-1470 Under the direction of the Joint about ways in which state agency operations Legislative Oversight Committee, a staff might be improved, and helps legislators of performance evaluators examines the ensure that agencies operate as intended, effectiveness of state agency administration, to maximize the quality of state services makes recommendations to the Legislature provided to Idaho citizens. Senate Members House Members Sen. Clifford R. Bayer Rep. Mathew W. Erpelding Sen. Mark Harris Rep. Maxine T. Bell Rep. Caroline Nilsson Troy Sen. Michelle Stennett Rep. Elaine Smith Sen. Cherie Buckner-Webb CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 159

170 Definitions propose amendments to the Idaho A proposal created for the • Bill: enactment of a new law, the Constitution and to ratify amendments amendment or repeal of a law already to the United States Constitution. in existence, or the appropriation of Simple Resolution: A measure similar • public money. There is no other vehicle to a joint resolution, but passed by one house of the Legislature. Simple for the enactment of an Idaho law by the Legislature. resolutions do not deal with the passing of laws. They are used primarily to Concurrent Resolution: • A measure express appreciation of the Legislature not having the force of law, and to companies, individuals, etc., or to normally used for one of three purposes make a point on some subject more -- to manage and regulate the internal definite than debate on the floor. affairs of the Legislature, such as A petition that Proclamation: • providing for the printing of bills; to express appreciation on the part of includes, but is not limited to, a vote of thanks, praise or honor for a the Legislature; or to direct interim studies by the Legislative Council or special achievement, accomplishment, anniversary or birthday. It is voted by executive agencies. Essentially, a upon by both houses. concurrent resolution is acted upon • Session Laws: The published in the same manner as a bill. It is not compilation of bills and resolutions signed by the Governor. that have passed and become law A petition usually Joint Memorial: • addressed to the President, the as a result of action by the current Congress, or some official or department Legislature. The volume of session laws is printed in bill format, showing of the federal government, requesting an action that is within the jurisdiction striking and underscoring, and in the of the official or body addressed. order in which the bills became law. A set of books, • Idaho Code: Essentially, a joint memorial is acted approximately 28 volumes, containing upon in the same manner as a bill and all laws of the State of Idaho. These must be passed by both houses. It is volumes are updated at the close of not signed by the Governor. A measure requiring Joint Resolution: • each legislative session with pocket supplements to reflect all recently approval of two-thirds majority of both passed legislation. houses; does not have to be signed by the Governor; and is used only to Referendum and Initiative The people of the State of Idaho have the , Idaho Code set forth in Chapter 18, Title 34, initiate legislation for consideration by the power to approve or reject at the polls any voters, or demand a referendum vote by act or measure passed by the Legislature. the people on any act or measure passed This power is known as the referendum by the Legislature. The referendum was and is granted by the State Constitution first used in 1936; the initiative in 1938. in Article III, Section 1. This section also T o date, twenty-eight initiatives grants the people the power to propose laws have been attempted, fourteen have and enact them at the polls independent been approved by popular vote. Seven of the Legislature. This power is known referendums have been attempted, and as the initiative. six approved. Legal voters may, under such provisions IDAHO BLUE BOOK 160

171 How a Bill Becomes a Law Committee for printing. Upon printing, the A bill is a proposal for the enactment, House receives the bill once again, where amendment, or repeal of an existing law, the Speaker refers it to one of the standing or for the appropriation of public money. committees. A similar proceedure takes A bill may originate in either the House or place when a bill is introduced in the Senate. the Senate, with the exception of revenue measures, which originate in the House of Representatives. Both the House and the Reports of Standing Committees Senate must pass the bill by a majority vote, Each committee to which a bill is and the Governor must then sign the bill referred conducts a study of all information into law. If the Governor vetoes a bill it that may help the committee determine can become law if both the House and the the scope and effect of the proposed law. Senate approve the bill with a two-thirds Studies may include research, hearings, majority of those present. If the Governor expert testimony, and statements of does not sign or veto a bill within five interested parties. A bill may report out days (Sundays excepted) of receipt, the of committee with one of the following bill becomes law. Once the Legislature recommendations: adjours “sine die,” the Governor has ten 1. Do pass. days to act on a bill. Without recommendation. 2. 3. To be placed on General Orders for Introduction Amendment. Legislative A member, group of members, or a 4. Do not pass. (Bills are seldom standing committee, of the House or Senate, released from committee with this may introduce a bill. After the 20th day recommendation.) Withdrawn with the privilege of 5. of the session in the House and the 12th introducing another bill. day in the Senate, only a committee can Referred to another standing 6. introduce a bill. Only certain committees can introduce bills after the 35th day of committee. If a committee reports a bill out and the session. In the House: State Affairs, does not recommend an action that keeps Appropriations, Education, Revenue and it from going to the floor, the bill is then Taxation, and Ways and Means. In the placed on second reading. Many bills are Senate: State Affairs, Finance, and Judiciary not reported out and “die in committee.” and Rules. Special rules of the House apply when the The original bill and fifteen copies are committee does not desire to report out a presented to the Chief Clerk who assigns the bill for consideration by the entire House. bill a number. The bill is then introduced by being read on the Order of Business Second Reading “Introduction and First Reading of Bills.” Bills that have been passed by the other When a bill is reported out of committee, house are received and placed on the same it is placed on the second reading calendar Order of Business and treated in the same and is read again. The following legislative manner as new bills. day, the bill is automatically on third reading unless other action has been taken. First Reading Third Reading If a bill is introduced in the House of Representatives, the bill is read for the first The Clerk is required to read the entire time, then the Speaker of the House refers it bill section by section when it is on the to the Judiciary, Rules, and Administration Order of Business, “Third Reading of Bills.” CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 161

172 It is normal procedure, however, for the When a House bill has been amended by the Committee of the Whole, and the members to dispense with this reading amendment(s) accepted by the House, it at length. is referred to the engrossing committee. At the third reading members of the Amendments are inserted into the bill and House or Senate debate , then take a final the engrossed bill is then placed back on vote on passage of the bill. Each bill is the calendar to be considered as a new bill. sponsored by a member who is known as the “floor sponsor,” who opens and closes debate in favor of passage of the bill. After Governor’s Action debate has closed, House members vote by both After receiving a bill passed on the electronic voting machine. Each the House and Senate, the Governor may: member present can cast either an “aye” Approve the bill by signing it within 1. or “nay” vote. A bill is passed by a majority five days after its receipt (except of those present. Sundays), or within ten days after The Chief Clerk files any bills that fail the Legislature adjourns at the end to pass. If a bill passes, it moves on to the of the session (“sine die”). Senate where it goes through a similar Allow the bill to become law without 2. process. his approval by not signing it within the five days allowed. Senate Action on House Bills Disapprove (veto) the bill within 3. After the final action by the Senate on five days and return it to the house of origin giving his reason for a House bill, it returns to the House with a message explaining the Senate’s action. disapproval, or within ten days after The message is read to the House. If the bill the Legislature adjourns “sine die.” bill may become law over the A passed the Senate without amendment, it is Governor’s veto if both houses vote to enrolled by the House Judiciary, Rules and override the veto by a two-thirds majority Administration Committee, signed by the vote of the members present in each house. Speaker of the House of Representatives and When the Governor approves a bill, or the President of the Senate and transmitted the bill becomes a law without his signature, to the Governor for his action. or after his veto is overturned, the bill is sent to the Secretary of State, who assigns the Committee of the Whole bill a chapter number in the Idaho Session When a printed bill is to be amended, it Laws. Most bills become law on July 1, is referred to the Committee of the Whole except in the case of a bill containing an for amendment. At the proper Order of emergency clause or other specific date of Business, the House resolves itself into the enactment. The final step is the addition of Committee of the Whole House and the new laws to the Idaho Code, which contains entire membership sits as one committee all Idaho law. to consider changes to both House and Source: www.legislature.idaho.gov Senate bills. History of Reapportionment On June 05, 2001, Idaho’s first and congressional districts are redrawn. Commission on Reapportionment convened For the first time, Idaho used a citizens’ commission to redraw legislative and to establish legislative and congressional district boundaries to be in effect for the next congressional district boundaries. Before Idaho voters amended the state Constitution decade beginning with the 2002 election. in 1994 to create a Reapportionment Once every ten years after each census, Commission, redistricting was done by a as required by law, or when directed by the committee of the Idaho Legislature. Idaho Supreme Court, Idaho’s legislative IDAHO BLUE BOOK 162

173 each census. The democratic principle The original and still primary reason behind redistricting is “one person, one for conducting a national census every ten vote.” Requiring that districts be of equal years is to determine how the 435 seats in population ensures that every elected state the United States House of Representatives legislator or U.S. congressman represents are to be apportioned among the 50 states. very close to the same number of people Each state receives its share of the 435 seats in that state, therefore, each citizen’s vote in the U.S. House based on the proportion will carry the same weight. of its population to that of the total U.S. population. For example, the population The census records population changes shifts during the 1990’s resulted in the and is the legally recognized basis for Northeastern states losing population and redrawing electoral districts of equal therefore seats in Congress to the Southern population. In a democracy, it is important and the Western states. for all citizens to have equal representation. Apportionment determines each state’s Based on the 1990 census, each Idaho power, as expressed by the size of their congressman represented close to 503,400 congressional delegation, in Congress and, people after the last redistricting ten years through the electoral college, directly affects ago. As the decade progressed and Idaho experienced rapid growth, particularly in the selection of the president (each state’s its urban areas, the population of the two number of votes in the electoral college congressional districts have grown unevenly equals the number of its representatives and and beyond that ideal size. Based on the senators in Congress). Like all states, Idaho has two U.S. senators. Based on our 1990 2000 census figures, our two congressmen will each represent about 647,000 people. population of 1,006,000 people and our Unlike in the U.S. House of Representatives, 2000 population of 1,293,953, and relative Legislative representation in the U.S. Senate is not to the populations of the other 49 states, based on a state’s population. Each state Idaho will have two seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. Even with the state’s gets two Senate seats regardless of how large or small—population wise—they are. 28.5% population increase from 1990 to Therefore, each state’s two U.S. senators 2000, Idaho will not be getting a third seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. represent all of that state’s citizens. Assuming Idaho keeps growing at the same Idaho had 35 legislative districts during rate it did through the decade of the 1990’s, the 1990’s—the Idaho Constitution says it will likely be 30 or 40 years (after 3 or 4 that there can be no less than 30 nor more more censuses) before Idaho gets a third than 35 legislative districts. Each legislative congressional seat. district is represented by one senator and two representatives. The legislative districts Redistricting is the process of are not further divided, however. Like the redrawing the boundaries of legislative senator, each representative serves the and congressional districts within each entire district. Based on the 1990 census, state to achieve population equality among each state legislator represented about all congressional districts and among all 28,800 people after the last redistricting legislative districts. The U.S. Constitution ten years ago. Based on the 2000 census requires this be done for all congressional figures, each of the 105 state legislators will districts after each decennial census. The represent about 37,000 people to start off Idaho Constitution also requires that this the first decade of the third millennium. be done for all legislative districts after 2001 Redistricting Commission Kristi Sellers, Chubbuck (Co-chair) Tom Stuart, Boise (Co-chair) Dean Haagenson, Coeur d’Alene Ray Givens, Coeur d’Alene Karl Shurtliff, Boise Derlin Taylor, Burley John Hepworth, Twin Falls (resigned (appointed 12/05/2001) 12/04/2001) CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 163

174 Chronology of 2001 Commission on Redistricting et al , a unanimous March 23, 2001 Idaho Supreme Court ruled Plan L66 The U.S. Census Bureau delivered the unconstitutional. Court directed the Census 2000 population, race and ethnicity Commission to adopt a new legislative data for Idaho. Idaho’s 2000 population: redistricting plan. 1,293,953, a 28.5% growth rate from 1990. January 8, 2002 The growth was concentrated primarily in Plan L91, a 35-district legislative redistricting Kootenai, Canyon and Ada counties with the plan is adopted by the Commission. rest of the state experiencing little change March 1, 2002 in population. Bingham County et al v. Idaho Commission In June 5, 2001 , the Idaho Supreme on Redistricting et al Idaho Secretary of State Pete T. Cenarrusa Court ruled Plan L91 violated the U.S. issued order officially forming the Constitution and ordered the Commission Commission. to adopt a new legislative redistricting plan. August 22, 2001 March 9, 2002 Plan C15, a two district congressional Plan L97, a 35-district legislative redistricting redistricting plan is approved by the plan is adopted by the Commission. commission. Plan L66, a thirty-five district April 19, 2002 legislative redistricting plan is approved by Idaho Supreme Court denied the final two the commission. petitions challenging Plan L97. November 29, 2001 In Smith et al v. Idaho Commission Chronology of 2011 Commission First Commissioners Allen Andersen, Co-Chair Evan Frasure, Co-Chair Julie Kane Lou Esposito George Moses Lorna Finman Second Commissioners Ron Beitelspacher, Co-Chair Dolores Crow, Co-Chair Shauneen Grange Randy Hansen Elmer Martinez Sheila Olsen April 11, 2011 by law. After their 90-day deadline passed, The U.S. Census Bureau released the 2010 the Secretary of State filed a lawsuit with detailed population data for Idaho. the Idaho Supreme Court, as did the GOP May 5, 2011 commissioners. The Supreme Court held The Idaho Legislative Services Office that it lacked jurisdiction because no plan announces the release of Maptitude Online had been filed, and therefore dismissed the for Redistricting. The public is invited to GOP commissioners’ suit, and denied some begin using the Maptitude program to of the Secretary of State’s requested relief, draw redistricting maps to submit to the but held that the Secretary of State could Commission. convene a new commission. The Secretary September 15, 2011 of State issued an order on September The First Commissioners were unable to 13, 2011, convening a second 2011 agree on a legislative or a congressional Redistricting Commission, and starting the redistricting plan and failed to submit any clock on another 90-day period. plans to the Secretary of State as required IDAHO BLUE BOOK 164

175 Supreme Court schedules oral arguments to October 14, 2011 be heard in the Benewah County challenge The Second Redistricting Commission for January 19, 2012. unanimously adopted L87 as the plan for December 21, 2011 Idaho’s new legislative districts. Ada and Canyon Counties file a brief of October 17, 2011 Amicus Curiae with the Supreme Court. The Second Redistricting Commission January 18, 2012 adopted C52 on a 4-2 vote as the plan for The Idaho Supreme Court rules that the Idaho’s new congressional districts. legislative redistricting plan adopted by the November 16, 2011 Redistricting Commission (L87) violated A challenge was filed with the Idaho the Idaho Constitution and was therefore Supreme Court by Twin Falls County to invalid. Plan L87, the legislative redistricting plan January 26, 2012 adopted by the Redistricting Commission Pursuant to the order of the Idaho Supreme on October 14, 2011. Court, under Idaho Code 72-1501(2), the December 8, 2011 Second Commission reconvenes in order The Idaho Supreme Court schedules to revise Plan L87. arguments to be heard in the Twin Falls January 27, 2012 challenge to Plan L87 for January 5, 2012. The Second Redistricting Commission votes A second lawsuit against L87 was filed with unanimously to adopt Plan L93 as the new the Idaho Supreme Court on December legislative redistricting plan. 7, 2011. January 30, 2012 December 21, 2011 Legislative The Redistricting Commission held its The Attorney General’s office files a brief final meeting and delivers Plan L93 to the in response to the Twin Falls challenge. Secretary of State’s office. The Plan goes December 27, 2011 into immediate effect for future elections. The Petitioners in the Twin Falls case filed a brief in support of their challenge. The Idaho Photo Courtesy of Taner Oz Capitol Rotunda CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 165

176 Senate Jeff Agenbroad (R) District 13 (Canyon County) Term: 1 (2016–2018) 3615 Portland Avenue, Nampa, 83636 (208) 466-9315 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Banker Boise-born 5th-generation Nampa resident; Nampa High School; Univ. of Idaho (bus. fin.); NW Ag Credit School, Washington State Univ.; Pacific Coast Banking School, Univ. of Washington. Commercial banker, small business owner/ entrepreneur. Vice president - Zions Bank; Past chairman, St. Alphonsus Medical Center in Nampa; past vice chairman, Nampa Chamber; past president, Snake River Stampede; treasurer, board member, YourHealth Idaho; spouse: Patricia; 2 children. Kelly Anthon (R) District 27 (Cassia & Minidoka Counties) Term: 2 (2014–2018) P.O. Box 76, Rupert, 83350 Phone: (208) 654-4099 [email protected] Email: Attorney/City Administrator Occupation: Born in Burley, Idaho; Graduate of Declo High School; B.A. from Brigham Young University; J.D. from University of Idaho; former City Attorney, civil litigator, and Prosecuting Attorney; Certified Public Risk Manager; Spouse: Joelle Anthon; five children. Steve Bair (R) District 31 (Bingham County) 6 (2006–2018) Term: 947 W. 200 South, Blackfoot, 83221 (208) 684-5209 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Retired Farmer, working for Agri-service Born and raised in Blackfoot; Graduated from Snake River HS; Graduated with Exemplary Leadership Award from Ricks College, Farm Crops Program; 38 year Boy Scout of America Leader; Spouse: Lori Kae; 5 children; 14 grandchildren. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 166

177 Clifford R. Bayer (R) District 21 (Ada County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) (Served 5 terms, House 2002-2012) 592 E. St. Kitts Dr., Meridian, 83642 (208) 362-5058 Phone: Email: [email protected] Birthdate: 08/16/1964 Medical Research Scientist Occupation: 1982 graduate of Borah High; B.S. in biology from Boise State University; spouse: Nicki. (R) Bert Brackett District 23 (Elmore, Owyhee & Twin Falls Counties) 6 (2008–2018) (Served 2 terms, House 2005-2008) Term: Legislative 48331 Three Creek Highway, Rogerson, 83302 Phone: (208) 857-2217 Email: [email protected] Birthdate: 10/17/1944 Occupation: Rancher Born in Twin Falls; 1962 graduate of Hagerman High School; B.S. in agriculture, University of Idaho; 116th Armored Cavalry, Idaho National Guard; spouse: Paula; children: Lori Blatner, Ira Brackett, Jani Revier, Gus Brackett, and Jake Brackett. Cherie Buckner-Webb (D) District 19 (Ada County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) (Served 1 term, House 2010-2012) 2304 W. Bella St., Boise, 83702 Phone: (208) 343-2650 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Business Owner/Executive Coach Born in Boise, Idaho. BS in Management and Organizational Leadership, George Fox University; MSW in Management/ Community Planning/Social Work Administration, Northwest Nazarene University. Spouse: Henry Webb; two sons, one granddaughter. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 167

178 Grant Burgoyne (D) District 16 (Ada County) Term: 2 (2014–2018) (Served 3 terms, House 2008-2014) 2203 Mountain View Dr., Boise , 83706 (208) 377-5729 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Attorney, mediator, and arbitrator Born in Ketchikan, Alaska; B.A. in history from the University of Idaho; J.D. from the University of Kansas School of Law; Managing Partner of the Boise law firm of Mauk & Burgoyne, 1997-2012; adjunct professor of employment law at Boise State University, 2002-2007; co-author of Idaho Employment Policies Handbook; spouse: Christy (39 years); two daughters, three grandchildren. R) Carl Crabtree ( District 7 (Bonner, Clearwater, Idaho, & Shoshone Counties) 1 (2016–2018) Term: 36 White Tail Acres Ln, Grangeville, 83530 Phone: (208) 983-2176 [email protected] Email: Rancher Occupation: Rancher/owner with wife in registered beef cattle business and small livestock trucking business; former University of Idaho extension agent; former Idaho County weed supervisor; managed the Idaho County 4-H program for 27 years; past president, Idaho Cattle Association; past president, Idaho Beef Council; served National Cattlemen’s Beef Association board, chairing two national committees; awarded Beef Magazine’s “Trailblazer of the Year for 2007,” an award that recognizes leadership accomplishments in the beef industry; spouse: Carolyn. Bart M. Davis (R) District 33 (Bonneville County) Term: 10 (1998–2018) 2638 Bellin Circle, Idaho Falls, 83402 Phone: (208) 522-8100 Email: [email protected] Birthdate: 03/07/1955 Occupation: Attorney Born in Rapid City, SD; 1973 graduate Idaho Falls HS; B.A. from Brigham Young University; J.D. from University of Idaho; LDS; 2002-present, Majority Leader, Idaho State Senate; 2002, Majority Caucus Chair, Idaho State Senate; 2001-present commissioner, National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws.; spouse: Marion Davis; children: Christopher (Kodie), Weston (Brigette), Cameron (deceased), Jil (David), Rebecca (Jesse), and Annie; 14 grandchildren. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 168

179 (R) Lori Den Hartog District 22 (Ada County) Term: 2 (2014–2018) P.O. Box 267, Meridian, 83680 Phone: (208) 779-2022 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Homemaker Born in Escondido, CA; graduate of Nampa Christian High School; B.A. in business administration/public administration from Dordt College; spouse: Scott. (R) Dan Foreman District 5 (Benewah & Latah Counties) Term: 1 (2016–2018) P.O. Box 8254, Moscow, 83843 Legislative Phone: (208) 301-0110 [email protected] Email: Occupation: USAF Colonel/Idaho Law Enforcement (retired) Born in Lake Forest, IL; graduated Bradley University in Peoria, IL, with a BS in business management and administration (1975); commercial pilot; 30-year USAF Master Navigator and combat veteran; retired as full colonel and vice commander of the 168th Air Refueling Wing in Fairbanks, AK (2000); 11- year veteran retired Moscow, ID, police officer; Christian Conservative; life member of the NRA, Military Officers Association of America, VFW Post in Potlatch, and the Farm Bureau of Benewah County; Spouse: Maria for 42 years; seven children; 20 grandchildren. (R) Jim Guthrie District 28 (Bannock & Power Counties) 3 (2012–2018) (Served 1 term, House, 2010-2012) Term: 1765 Old Highway 91, Inkom, 83245 (208) 251-9303 Phone: [email protected] Email: Rancher/Business Owner Occupation: Born in Pocatello, Idaho; graduate, Marsh Valley High School; member, Marsh Valley School District Board of Trustees, 1995-2001; Bannock County Commissioner, 2001-2007; three children; eight grandchildren. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 169

180 (R) Marv Hagedorn District 14 (Ada County) 3 (2012–2018) (Served 3 terms, House, 2007-2012) Term: 5285 W. Ridgeside St., Meridian, 83646 (208) 867-5643 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Retired Naval Officer, Business Professional Born in Omak, Washington; 1974 graduate of Potlatch High School; attended University of Maryland and Pensacola Jr. College; 5 years electronics, Leadership & Management; U.S. Navy (20 years active duty); retired Navy “Mustang”; 15 years in semiconductor manufacturing and international operations; CEO of a multi-million dollar private company; Presbyterian; co-founder of Wyakin Warrior Foundation; spouse: Patty; two children. (R) Mark Harris District 32 (Bear Lake, Bonneville, Caribou, Franklin, Oneida & Teton Counties) Term: 2 (2015–2018) 1619 Eight Mile Creek Road, Soda Springs, 83276 Phone: (208) 547-3360 [email protected] Email: Rancher Occupation: Born in Montpelier Idaho; Graduate of Soda Springs High School; B.A. Political Science from Utah State University; Rancher in Bear Lake and Caribou Counties; Board Member of Bear Lake Memorial Hospital; Former Board Member of Idaho Cattle Association and Former State Board Member of Idaho Farm Bureau; Spouse: Cheryl. Four Boys. Lee Heider (R) District 24 (Twin Falls County) Term: 4 (2010–2018) 1631 Richmond Dr., Twin Falls, 83301 Phone: (208) 731-1631 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Retired, Contractor/Broker Born in Twin Falls; bachelor’s degree, Brigham Young University; master’s of public administration, Ball State University; Vice Mayor, Twin Falls; Eagle Scout and Silver Beaver awards, Boy Scouts of America; member, Pacific Fisheries Commission; spouse: Jan; six children; 22 grandchildren. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 170

181 (R) Brent Hill District 34 (Bonneville & Madison Counties) Term: 9 (2000–2018) 1010 S. 2nd E., Rexburg, 83440 Phone: (208) 356-7495 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Certified Public Accountant/Certified Financial Planner (Retired) Born in Rigby; graduated Madison High School in 1967; B.S. in accounting from Utah State University; spouse: Julie; children: Justin, Ritchie, Michael and Kevin. (R) Dan G. Johnson District 6 (Lewis & Nez Perce Counties) Term: 4 (2011–2018) Legislative P.O. Box 2117, Lewiston, 83501 (208) 816-1164 Phone: [email protected] Email: Consultant Occupation: Appointed December 2011, to fill a Senate vacancy in District 7; born in Salina, Kansas; bachelor’s degree in forest management, University of Idaho, 1989; master’s degree in forest economics, Virginia Tech, 1991; Leadership Idaho Agriculture graduate; Idaho Certified Public Managers graduate; spouse: Jean; six children. (D) Maryanne Jordan District 17 (Ada County) 2 (2015–2018) Term: 312 N. Atlantic St., Boise, 83706 (208) 859-1931 Phone: [email protected] Email: Retired small business owner Occupation: Appointed March 2015 to fill a Senate vacancy in District 17; bachelor’s degree in political science, San Jose State University; former president of the Boise City Council; spouse: Rocky; two children, five grandchildren CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 171

182 Shawn Keough (R) District 1 (Bonner & Boundary Counties) Term: 11 (1996–2018) P.O. Box 101, Sandpoint, 83864 Phone: (208) 263-1839 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Public Relations Graduate Walnut Hills High School, Cincinnati, OH; attended North Idaho College and Lewis-Clark State College in business management; Protestant; spouse: Mike; two grown children. Todd M. Lakey (R) District 12 (Canyon County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 11505 Lonestar Road, Nampa, 83651 Phone: (208) 465-5897 [email protected] Email: Occupation: Attorney Born in Portland, Oregon; Bachelor of Science, Brigham Young University; Juris Doctorate, Lewis and Clark Northwestern School of Law; Canyon County Deputy Prosecutor and County Commissioner; Officer U.S. Army Reserve; spouse: Jan; five children. (R) Abby Lee District 9 (Adams, Canyon, Payette & Washington Counties) 2 (2014–2018) Term: 5370 Elmore Road, Fruitland, 83619 (208) 250-6744 Phone: Email: [email protected] Public Relations Occupation: B.A. in communications from Brigham Young University; M.S. from Boise State University; spouse: Brian; children: two daughters. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 172

183 Patti Anne Lodge (R) District 11 (Canyon County) Term: 9 (2000–2018) P.O. Box 96, Huston, 83630 Phone: (208) 459-7158 Email: [email protected] Agri-Business Owner/ Retired Educator Occupation: Born in Pittsburgh, PA; Idahoan since age 4; B.A. in history/ secondary education, Marylhurst University; graduate studies at BSU, University of Idaho, Idaho State University and Albertson College of Idaho; NNU; Catholic; Chairman Senate Judiciary and Rules Committee 2012 to present; spouse: Edward J. Lodge; children: Mary-Jeanne, Edward R. and Anne-Marie; grandchildren: Cade, Amara, Hadley and twins Giuliana and Declan. (R) Fred S. Martin District 15 (Ada County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: Legislative 3672 Tumbleweed Pl., Boise, 83713 Phone: (208) 447-9000 [email protected] Email: Retired; Teacher, Businessman and CEO Occupation: Born Tyhee, ID; graduated from: BYU-ID; Institute of Religion at USU; Medical Training Ctr, Ft. Sam Houston, TX; NCO School; attended ISU; State Boards: ID Council Suicide Prevention, ID Immunization Assessment, ID Child Welfare Steering Committee; ID National guard; Boy Scouts of America: Scout Master; Eagle Scout; Duty to God Award; District Commissioner; Bureau Chief, US Congressman; Sergeant at Arms; ID State Senate; spouse Darla 6 children 16 grandchildren (R) Dean M. Mortimer District 30 (Bonneville County) 5 (2008–2018) (Served 1 term, House 2007-2008) Term: 7403 S. 1st East, Idaho Falls, 83404 (208) 528-6377 Phone: [email protected] Email: 07/07/1951 Birthdate: Builder/Developer Occupation: Business owner; Associates Degree from Ricks College; Bachelor’s Degree in Communications and Master’s Degree in Business Administration from Utah State University; Retired Mortgage Banker of 31 years; Spouse: Judy Woodbury Mortimer; four children; 13 grandchildren. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 173

184 Bob Nonini (R) District 3 (Kootenai County) 3 (2012–2018) (Served 4 terms, House 2005-2012) Term: 5875 W. Harbor Dr., Coeur d’Alene, 83814 Phone: (208) 659-4643 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Insurance consultant Born in Wallace, Idaho; 1972 graduate of Wallace High; attended North Idaho College; Catholic; member Post Falls Chamber of Commerce and Post Falls Rotary Club; Kootenai County Republican Chairman 1998-2004; spouse: Cathyanne. (D) Mark Nye District 29 (Bannock County) Term: 1 (2016–2018) (Served 1 term, House, 2014-2016) P.O. Box N, Pocatello, 83205 Phone: (208) 221-6109 [email protected] Email: Country lawyer Occupation: Graduate of Pocatello High School, Harvard University, and University of Idaho College of Law; past president, Idaho State Bar; former Commissioner, Idaho Centennial Commission; spouse: Eva; four children; four grandchildren. (R) Jim Patrick District 25 (Jerome & Twin Falls Counties) 3 (2012–2018) (Served 3 terms, House 2006-2012) Term: 2231 E. 3200 N., Twin Falls, 83301 (208) 733-6897 Phone: [email protected] Email: Farmer Occupation: Born in Twin Falls, Idaho; B.S. in agricultural economics and business management, University of Idaho; 116th National Guard; Director, Salmon River Canal Company; President- IBC; Director-IMCB; Secretary/Treasurer-NDBC; Eagle Scout; spouse: Afton; children: David and Andrew. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 174

185 Jim Rice (R) District 10 (Canyon County) Term: 4 (2010–2018) 1011 Teton Ave., Caldwell, 83605 Phone: (208) 891-4178 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Attorney Appointed March 1, 2012, to fill a Senate vacancy in District 10; graduated from Melba High School and attended Brigham Young University; law degree from William Howard Taft University in California; served as a precinct committeeman; spouse: Tish; eight children; eight grandchildren. Jeff C. Siddoway (R) District 35 (Butte, Clark, Fremont, & Jefferson Counties) Term: 6 (2006–2018) Legislative 1764 E. 1200 N., Terreton, 83450 Phone: (208) 663-4585 Email: [email protected] Rancher Occupation: Born in Rexburg; graduate South Fremont High School in St. Anthony; attended University of Idaho; LDS; rancher of sheep, elk and bison; spouse: Cindy; children: Billie Jean, Jodie and J.C. Mary Souza (R) District 4 (Kootenai County) Term: 2 (2014–2018) P.O. Box 2223, Coeur d’Alene, 83816 Phone: (208) 818-2356 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Small Business Co-owner Born in Spokane, WA; graduated from Holy Names Academy; B.S. in nursing from Pacific Lutheran University; M.S. in health education from Whitworth University; former critical care R.N. and nursing instructor; has co-owned a small business for 30 years; spouse: Rick; four grown children; one grandbaby. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 175

186 Michelle Stennett (D) District 26, (Blaine, Camas, Gooding & Lincoln Counties) Term: 4 (2010–2018) P.O. Box 475, Ketchum, 83340 (208) 726-8106 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Self-employed Graduate Newman High, Wausau, WI; B.A. University of Oregon, International Relations/Environmental Studies; B.A. Romance (Latin) Languages; Certificate of Degrees, University of Poitiers, France; Certificate for the Legislative Energy Horizon Institute through the University of Idaho. Steven P. Thayn (R) District 8 (Boise, Custer, Gem, Lemhi & Valley Counties) Term: 3 (2012–2018) (Served 3 terms, House 2007-2012) 5655 Hillview Rd., Emmett, 83617 Phone: (208) 365-6614 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Teacher/Farmer Born in Richland, Washington; 1972 graduate of Emmett High School; Treasure Valley Community College and Boise State University, B.S. Political Science; LDS; author of three books: “The Thayn Doctrine,” “Improving the Rx” and “A Parent’s Guide to Idaho Education”; spouse: Sheryll; children: Damon, Derrick, Tyler, Tabor, Micah, Marcus, Chelsey and Carli; 16 grandchildren Steve Vick (R) District 2 (Kootenai County) 4 (2010–2018) Term: 2140 E. Hanley Ave., Dalton Gardens, 83815 Phone: (208) 772-2761 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Home renovation Born in Great Falls, Montana; bachelor’s degree in engineering, Montana State University; Montana House of Representatives, 1994-2001; Basketball coach, 1992-2009; spouse: Cheryl Ann; three sons, one daughter; five grandchildren. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 176

187 Janie Ward-Engelking (D) District 18 (Ada County) Term: 3 (2013–2018) (Served 1 term, House 2012-2013) 3578 S. Crosspoint Ave., Boise, 83706 Phone: (208) 385-9564 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Retired teacher Born in Caldwell, Idaho; attended Whittier College; B.S. from Idaho State University; master’s degree from Boise State University; classroom teacher for 33 years; active community member, trainer and facilitator for College of Western Idaho; spouse: Kay Frank Engelking. (R) Chuck Winder District 20 (Ada County) Term: 5 (2008–2018) 5528 N. Ebbetts Ave., Boise, 83713 Legislative Phone: (208) 853-9090 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Businessman Bachelor’s degree in political science, College of Idaho; businessman; former chairman, Idaho Transportation Board; former naval aviator; Credit Rating Enhancement Commmittee; Governor’s Housing Committee; Endowment Fund Investment Board; spouse: Dianne; two children; seven grandchildren. American Women’s League Chapter House Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 177

188 House of Representatives Paul Amador (R) District 4 (Kootenai County) Term: 1 (2016–2018) 333 W. Vista Drive, Coeur d’Alene, 83815 Phone: (208) 497-2470 Email: [email protected] Occupation: University administrator Graduate of University of Nevada, Reno, M.A. educational leadership, Ph.D. educational leadership; California State University, Fresno, B.S. agricultural economics; current director of program development, University of Idaho, Coeur d’Alene; affiliate faculty, College of Letters, Arts, and Social Sciences, University of Idaho; owner, Amador Education Consulting and Development; owner, Trinity Farms; board of directors, Couer d’Alene Arts and Culture Alliance; member, CDA 2030 Education and Learning Committee; member, Educate Idaho Network Team; chair, North Idaho Tourism Summit; spouse: Julie. Neil A. Anderson (R) District 31 (Bingham County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 71 S. 700 West, Blackfoot, 83221 Phone: (208) 684-3723 [email protected]o.gov Email: Occupation: Retired Financial Advisor, Rancher Born in Rexburg, Idaho; graduate of Ricks College and Idaho State University; employed by U.S. West in various management roles and by Edward Jones Investments; spouse: Sue; four children; 16 grandchildren. Robert Anderst (R) District 12 (Canyon County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: 7401 E. Grey Lag Dr., Nampa, 83687 Phone: (208) 440-6565 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Commercial Real Estate Broker Born in Pocatello, Idaho; graduated from Highland High School and Idaho State University (Business Management and Marketing); Realtor since 1992; spouse: LaDawn; two children. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 178

189 Randy Armstrong (R) District 28 (Bannock & Power Counties) Term: 1 (2016–2018) P.O. Box 8, Inkom, 83245 (208) 251-8157 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Retired Born and raised in Bannock County; B.S. in business from Idaho State University; senior vice president of an international investment company for 40 years; school board member; profoundly proud and loyal citizen of Idaho; spouse: Paige; children: many. Vito Barbieri (R) District 2 (Kootenai County) Legislative Term: 4 (2010–2018) 564 E. Prairie Ave., Dalton Gardens, 83815 Phone: (208) 762-3737 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Retired Attorney Born in Bexar County, Texas; law degree, Western State University College of Law, Fullerton, CA; spouse: Joy; children: James, Paul, and Tina. Scott C. Bedke (R) District 27 (Cassia & Minidoka Counties) Term: 9 (2000–2018) P.O. Box 89, Oakley, 83346 Phone: (208) 862-3619 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Rancher Born in Twin Falls; graduated Oakley High School; bachelor’s degree in finance from Brigham Young University; Chair Economic Outlook & Revenue Assessment Committee; Credit Rating Enhancement Committee; Speaker of the House; LDS; spouse: Sarah; four children; ten grandchildren. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 179

190 Maxine T. Bell (R) District 25 (Jerome & Twin Falls Counties) Term: 15 (1988–2018) 194 S. 300 E., Jerome, 83338 Phone: (208) 324-4296 Email: [email protected] Retired Farmer/Retired School Librarian Occupation: Born in Logan, Utah; Jerome High School; College of Southern Idaho and Idaho State University; spouse: H. Jack; son: Jeff; three grandchildren. Megan Blanksma (R) District 23 (Elmore, Owyhee & Twin Falls Counties) Term: 1 (2016–2018) 595 W. Thacker Road, Hammett, 83627 Phone: (208) 366-7976 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Agribusiness Owner/Operator Graduate of Nampa High School; B.S. in economics from University of Idaho; spouse: Jeffery; children: Adrie and Tucker. Judy Boyle (R) District 9 (Adams, Canyon, Payette & Washington Counties) Term: 5 (2008–2018) 2301 Valley Rd., Midvale, 83645 Phone: (208) 355-3225 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Rancher/Freelance Writer Attended Lassen Community College, Boise State University, and University of Idaho; natural resources director for former Congresswoman Helen Chenoweth; named one of the 100 most influential people in Idaho; two children; two grandsons. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 180

191 Van Burtenshaw (R) District 35 (Butte, Clark, Fremont & Jefferson Counties) Term: 2 (2014–2018) 1329 E. 1500 N., Terreton, 83450 Phone: (208) 663-4607 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Farmer/Rancher Graduate of West Jefferson High School and Ricks College, attended BYU; in the agriculture and livestock business for the past 33 years; livestock dealer for B&B Cattle, Burtenshaw Cattle, and Superior Livestock Auction; partnership in North Dakota trucking business; spouse: Joan “Joni” Marie. Greg Chaney (R) District 10 (Canyon County) Term: 2 (2014–2018) Legislative 1804 Everett Street, Caldwell, 83606 Phone: (208) 585-8708 Email: [email protected] Communication Consultant Occupation: Graduate of Kuna High School; B.A. in communications and political science from Boise State University; pursuing J.D. at Concordia University School of Law; spouse: Sarah. (R) Don Cheatham District 3 (Kootenai County) Term: 2 (2014–2018) P.O. Box 2011, Post Falls, 83877 Phone: (208) 777-1894 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Retired B.S. in criminal justice; limited lifetime teaching credential; veteran of U.S. Air Force; has held an ASIS International CPP Certification; retired Regional Director for southwestern United States for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, National Protection and Programs Directorate; Vice President/Regional Manager for Protective Services with the Bank of America for southern California, southern Nevada and Arizona; Detective Supervisor for Los Angeles Police Department (24½ years); spouse: Lynn. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 181

192 Sue Chew (D) District 17 (Ada County) Term: 6 (2006–2018) 1304 Lincoln Ave., Boise, 83706 Phone: (208) 344-0098 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Adjunct Professor/Licensed Pharmacist Born in Oakland, CA; bachelor’s degree in biology and natural resources, UC Berkeley; Pharm.D., UC San Francisco; professor; member United Vision for Idaho and Women in Government; 2014 Idaho Democratic Party Legislator of the Year. Lance Clow (R) District 24 (Jerome & Twin Falls Counties) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 2170 Bitterroot Dr., Twin Falls, 83301 Phone: (208) 733-5767 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Personal Financial Advisor (retired) Born in Los Angeles, California; B.A. in economics, California Lutheran University, 1969; elected to the Twin Falls City Council, 1993; served six years as mayor; served on the Idaho Public Transportation Advisory Board, District V Magistrate Commission and the Eastern Snake Plain Aquifer Comprehensive Aquifer Management Planning Committee; spouse: DeeDee. Gary E. Collins (R) District 13 (Canyon County) Term: 9 (2000–2018) 2019 E. Massachusetts, Nampa, 83686 Phone: (208) 466-5460 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Insurance Broker Born in Boise; Kuna High School; LDS; insurance broker; spouse: Ann; children: Debra, David, Steven, Brent, Merilee, and Kaylee. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 182

193 Brent J. Crane (R) District 13 (Canyon County) Term: 6 (2006–2018) P.O. Box 86, Nampa, 83653 (208) 466-0613 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Vice President, Crane Alarm Service Rep. Crane is the Assistant Majority Leader. As a young leader in the Idaho House, he is known as an advocate for a strong economy and a business friendly environment. A life-long resident of Canyon County, Rep. Crane graduated from Nampa Christian High School and received a B.A. in political science with an emphasis in public administration from Boise State University. Rep. Crane and his wife, Rochenda, have two children, a son Keaton and a daughter Riley. Thomas Dayley (R) District 21 (Ada County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) Legislative 4892 S. Willandra Way, Boise, 83709 Phone: (208) 562-0276 Email: [email protected] Retired Occupation: Born in Burley, Idaho; 5th generation Idahoan; B.A. political science/Spanish, Brigham Young University; M.A. international relations, University of Southern California in Oxford, England; U.S. Air Force veteran; Reagan appointee; worked for the Idaho Congressional Delegation. Gayann DeMordaunt (R) District 14 (Ada County) Term: 1 (2016–2018) 1017 S. Arbor Island Way, Eagle, 83616 (208) 938-4845 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Small business owner/homemaker Raised in Spokane, WA; B.A. in English, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT; taught ESL; founder, North Star Public Charter School; served on Idaho Public Charter School Commission; board member, Red Cross of Idaho; board member, Cambodia International Children Friends Organization orphanage; district chairman (14), Ada County Republicans; committee member, GOP National Platform (2012); co-chairman, BYU College Republicans; spouse: Reed; six children. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 183

194 Sage G. Dixon (R) District 1 (Bonner & Boundary Counties) Term: 2 (2014–2018) P.O. Box 206, Ponderay, 83852 (208) 610-4800 Phone: Email: [email protected] Self-employed Occupation: Born Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio; graduate of Westmont High School; attended San Jose State University, majoring in finance; owner of electrical contracting business; spouse: Veronica; seven children. Mathew W. “Mat” Erpelding (D) District 19 (Ada County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) P.O. Box 1697, Boise, 83701 Phone: (208) 856-0291 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Owner-Leadership Development Firm/Outfitter and Guide Born in Denver, Colorado; B.A. in psychology from Idaho State University; M.A. in adult and organizational learning from University of Idaho; served as President of the Associa - tion of Outdoor Recreation and Education; received Idaho - Business Review’s Accomplished Under 40; co-editor of Outdoor Program Administra tion Principles and Practices; served on the Board of Directors for the Cancer Connec - tion of Idaho. John Gannon (D) District 17 (Ada County) 3 (2012–2018) (Served 1 term, House 1991-1992) Term: 2104 S. Pond Street, Boise, 83705 Phone: (208) 343-1608 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Attorney Born in Ross, California; graduate UC Davis, Hastings College of Law and USAR JAG School; Director, New York Irrigation District 1989-1990 and Boise Project Board of Control 1990; member Boise School District Facilities Steering Committee 2006 and various community organizations; spouse: Bev; two children. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 184

195 Terry Gestrin (R) District 8 (Boise, Custer, Gem, Lemhi & Valley Counties) Term: 4 (2012–2018) P.O. Box 399, Donnelly, 83615 (208) 325-8844 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Self-employed Appointed August 2012, to fill a House vacancy in District 8; born in Cascade, Idaho; B.B.A. in finance from Idaho State University; former Volunteer Fire Chief; former Donnelly Valley County Commissioner; board member, Idaho Foundation for Parks and Lands; State Insurance Fund; spouse: Sheri. Marc Gibbs (R) District 32 (Bear Lake, Bonneville, Caribou, Franklin, Oneida & Teton Counties) Term: 5 (2008–2018) Legislative 632 Highway 34, Grace, 83241 Phone: (208) 425-3385 Email: [email protected] Farmer Occupation: Bachelor’s degree, Utah State University; commissioner, Idaho Fish and Game Commission, 1999-2006; spouse: Bonne; children: Tori and Josh; four grandchildren. (R) Priscilla Giddings District 7 (Bonner, Clearwater, Idaho & Shoshone Counties) Term: 1 (2016–2018) P.O. Box 43, White Bird, 83554 Phone: (208) 332-1033 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Pilot Raised on a ranch in White Bird; graduated Salmon River High in Riggins; B.S. in biology from USAF Academy; M.S. in physiology from California University of Pennsylvania; currently serving as a major in the Air Force Reserves as Idaho state director of admissions for the Air Force Academy and ROTC; civilian com- mercial/corporate/contract pilot; served nine years active duty; awarded “Top Gun” as A-10 fighter pilot; World Powerlifting Congress national referee; triathlete; proud aunt to 14 nieces and nephews and one great-niece. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 185

196 (R) Karey Hanks District 35 (Butte, Clark, Fremont & Jefferson Counties) 1 (2016–2018) Term: 463 N. 1800 E., Saint Anthony, 83445 Phone: (208) 313-3911 Email: [email protected] Homemaker/School Bus Driver Occupation: Graduate of Idaho Falls High School, Ricks College (Associate in Education), and Brigham Young University-Idaho, BS in Psychology 2011; Partner in farming operation for 33 years; employed by Fremont School District 215; Spouse: Burke; children: six sons and one daughter; twelve grandchildren. (R) Steven Harris District 21 (Ada County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: 851 E. Martinique Dr., Meridian, 83642 (208) 861-8638 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Business Owner Born in Salt Lake City, Utah; M.S. in technology management from Brigham Young University; systems consultant and small business owner; spouse: Wendy; five children; nine grandchildren. Stephen Hartgen (R) District 24 (Twin Falls County) Term: 5 (2008–2018) 1681 Wildflower Lane, Twin Falls, 83301 Phone: (208) 733-5790 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Business Consultant/Economic Development Editor/publisher, The Times News, 1982-2004; Ph.D., University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.; master’s degree, Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass.; bachelor’s degree, Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.; spouse: Linda; five children. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 186

197 (R) Brandon A. Hixon District 10 (Canyon County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: 910 N. Plateau Ave., Caldwell, 83605 (208) 440-1074 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Independent Insurance Agent Born and raised in Salmon, Idaho; 4th generation native Idahoan; graduated from Salmon High School in 2000; Construction Management Tech Program graduate, Idaho State University, 2002; Boise State, 2003-2004; spouse: Danielle; five children. James Holtzclaw (R) District 20 (Ada County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: Legislative 3720 N. Heritage View Ave., Meridian, 83646 (208) 284-9542 Phone: [email protected] Email: Real Estate Broker Occupation: Managment degree from George Fox University; 10 years in the U.S. Air Force; veteran of a foreign war, with four overseas tours; lifetime member VFW and the American Legion; spouse: Michelle; one son. Wendy Horman (R) District 30 (Bonneville County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: 1860 Heather Circle, Idaho Falls, 83406 Phone: (208) 522-4387 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Small Business Owner Graduate of Roy High School; A.S. Dixie State College; B.A. Political Science BYU-Idaho; Bonneville School Board Trustee; President, Idaho School Boards Association; Commissioner, Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education and Education Commission of the States; spouse: Briggs; five children; two grandchildren. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 187

198 (D) Paulette Jordan District 5 (Benewah & Latah Counties) 2 (2014–2018) Term: 945 Q Street, Plummer, 83851 Phone: (208) 819-3773 [email protected] Email: Occupation: Private Contractor - Business Strategist Age 34, a native Idahoan; graduate of Gonzaga Preparatory in 1998 with honors; graduate of University of Washington in 2003 with degrees in communications, comparative literature, and American Indian studies, along with a certificate in strategic negotiations and conflict resolution from the Washington Center; citizen of the Coeur d’Alene Tribe; resides with her family in Plummer, Idaho; enjoys raising her sons, horseback riding and appreciates the greater mountain area. Clark Kauffman (R) District 25 (Jerome & Twin Falls Counties) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 3791 N. 2100 East, Filer, 83328 (208) 326-4131 Phone: Email: [email protected] Farmer Occupation: Born in Twin Falls, Idaho; graduated from Filer High School; U.S. Air Force, Vietnam veteran; graduate of Leadership Idaho Agriculture; spouse: Debbie; two children; three grandsons. Ryan Kerby (R) District 9 (Adams, Canyon, Payette & Washington Counties) 2 (2014–2018) Term: 5470 Highway 52, New Plymouth, 83655 Phone: (208) 739-0190 Email: [email protected] Occupation: School Superintendent Native Idahoan; grew up on a dairy on the Clearwater River; attended Lapwai schools 1-12; B.S. in math from Biola College in La Mirada, California; master’s degree from College of Idaho; education specialist from University of Idaho; taught for 21 years; New Plymouth School Superintendent for 21 years; spouse: Kathy. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 188

199 Phylis K. King (D) District 18 (Ada County) Term: 6 (2006–2018) 2107 Palouse Street, Boise, 83705 (208) 344-0202 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Commercial Photographer Born in Ogden, UT; 1964 graduate of Grand Junction High School in Grand Junction, Colorado; B.S. in microbiology from Colorado State University, Art Center College of Design- Commercial Photography; Methodist; Registered Medical Technologist; commercial photographer; Soroptomist International. Mike Kingsley (R) District 6 (Lewis & Nez Perce Counties) Term: 1 (2016–2018) Legislative 3413 Bluebird Circle, Lewiston, 83501 Phone: (208) 305-6783 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Semi-retired Graduate of Lewiston Senior High (1978), electronic training; received first class radio telephone operator license (1979); worked in various radio stations throughout Idaho; owned and operated several businesses; property developer for past 30 years; served on Region II Behavioral Health Board; served on various volunteer boards, including Red Cross of Idaho, Lewis-Clark State College Business Administration, Tri-State Memorial Hospital, Lewiston Gun Club; vice president of the Nez Perce Recovery and Resource Center; children: Bradley, Lucas, and Katie. Hy Kloc (D) District 16 (Ada County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 3932 Oak Park Pl., Boise, 83703 Phone: (208) 343-8465 Email: [email protected] Birthdate: 02/10/1947 Occupation: Retired, Boise State Public Radio Born in Germany; grew up in New York City; graduated from New York City Community College with an A.A.S. in marketing management and from Western Michigan University with a B.S. in business education; spouse: Joan; two dogs. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 189

200 Thomas F. Loertscher (R) District 32 (Bear Lake, Bonneville, Caribou, Franklin, Oneida & Teton Counties) Term: 7 (2004–2018) (Served 8 terms, House 1986-2002) 1357 Bone Rd., Iona, 83427 Phone: (208) 522-3072 [email protected] Email: Farmer/Rancher Occupation: Born in Park City, UT; Park City High School; B.S. in accounting, University of Utah; six years, U.S. Army Reserve; farmer/ rancher; LDS; spouse: Linda; children: Brent, Wayne, Steven, Reed, Benjamin, Marlena, Brad and Bruce; 35 grandchildren; Bonneville County commissioner 6 years; President ECIPDA 2 years; House Assistant Majority Leader 6 years; House Health and Welfare Committee Chairman 2 years; House State Affairs Committee Chairman 10 years. Lynn M. Luker (R) District 15 (Ada County) 6 (2006–2018) Term: 514 S. El Blanco Dr., Boise, 83709 Phone: (208) 375-8254 [email protected] Email: Attorney Occupation: Born 1953, Idaho Falls, ID; graduate of Lompoc Senior High, Lompoc, CA; A.B. political science, University of California Berkeley; J.D., College of Law, University of Idaho, Moscow; Editor-in-Chief, Idaho Law Review 1979-80; Law Clerk to Chief Justice Bakes, Idaho Supreme Court (1980- 1982); attorney private practice 1982 - present; LDS; spouse: Helen; 8 children 23 grandchildren. (R) Luke Malek District 4 (Kootenai County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: 721 N. 8th St., Coeur d’Alene, 83814 Phone: (208) 661-3881 [email protected] Email: Lawyer Occupation: Raised in North Idaho; graduated from the College of Idaho in Caldwell; law degree from the University of Idaho in Moscow; worked as the regional director under former Governor Jim Risch; worked as a deputy prosecuting attorney, and now owns a law firm with several offices throughout the state. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 190

201 (R) Dustin Manwaring District 29 (Bannock County) 1 (2016–2018) Term: 1469 W. Quinn Road, Pocatello, 83202 Phone: (208) 252-5295 [email protected] Email: Occupation: Attorney Born and raised in Blackfoot; graduate of Blackfoot High School, University of Utah, and Drake University Law School; Idaho State Bar; State Bar of California; currently owns Milestone Law; worked for Mitt Romney’s 2008 and 2012 campaigns; served as undersecretary of election day operations for the Republi - can party of Iowa; law clerk for U.S. Attorney’s Office, S.D. Iowa; manager for Utah- based SkyWest Airlines; spouse: Whitney. (D) John McCrostie District 16 (Ada County) Legislative 2 (2014–2018) Term: 7820 W. Riverside Drive, Garden City, 83714 (208) 440-8317 Phone: Email: [email protected] Teacher/attorney Occupation: 1988 salutatorian from Mountain Home High School; B.M.E. in music education from Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, OK; M.S. in instructional and performance technology from Boise State University; current third-year law student at Concordia University School of Law; husband: Dave Navarro. (R) Patrick McDonald District 15 (Ada County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 13359 West Annabrook Dr., Boise, 83713 (208) 938-1329 Phone: Email: [email protected] Retired Law Enforcement Executive Occupation: Associate degree in law enforcement; B.S. in corporate training; M.Ed. in occupational training management; 33 years with Idaho State Police, retiring as District Patrol Commander; 8 years as U.S. Marshall, District of Idaho, appointed by President George W. Bush; 2 years with Burley Police Dept.; 26 years with U.S. Air Force Reserve, U.S. Army Reserve, Idaho National Guard, Idaho Air Guard; graduate, FBI National Academy, Quantico, VA. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 191

202 Ron Mendive (R) District 3 (Kootenai County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 3732 S. Dusty Ln., Coeur d’Alene, 83814 Phone: (208) 667-9330 Email: [email protected] Self-employed, Construction and Land Services Occupation: (semi-retired) Born in Elko, Nevada; graduate of Kellogg High School and North Idaho College; principle in corporation that developed first successful self-igniting pellet stove; spouse: Sherlene; three children; three grandchildren. (R) Steven Miller District 26 (Blaine, Camas, Gooding & Lincoln Counties) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 1208 E. 200 North, Fairfield, 83327 (208) 764-2560 Phone: [email protected] Email: Farmer/Rancher Occupation: Born in Wendell, Idaho; graduated from Camas County High School; B.S. in agricultural engineering from the University of Idaho; graduate of Leadership Idaho Agriculture; 3rd generation farm and ranch in Camas and Blaine Counties producing organic hay and grain; spouse: Cheryl; children: Nancy, James and Andrew. (R) Jason A. Monks District 22 (Ada County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: 3865 S. BlackCat Road, Nampa, 83687 Phone: (208) 884-8684 [email protected] Email: Small Business Owner Occupation: Born in Ridgecrest, California; graduated from Chaparral High School in Las Vegas, Nevada; bachelor’s degree from Brigham Young University in health with a dual emphasis in environmental health and industrial hygiene; construction, corporate environmental, health and safety experience; spouse: Shelley; eight children. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 192

203 Dorothy Moon (R) District 8 (Boise, Custer, Gem, Lemhi & Valley Counties) Term: 1 (2016–2018) H.C. 67 / Box 304, Stanley, 83278 (208) 781-1782 Phone: [email protected] Email: President - Moon & Associates Inc. Engineering Occupation: and Surveying Born in Kansas City, MO; B.S. in secondary education, and M.S. in resource planning, both from Missouri State University, Springfield, MO; retired from Challis High School (2012) as special education director, science teacher, and IEN geology instructor; president of Moon & Associates Inc. since 1994; owner in gold mining operation in central Idaho; Mini-Cassia Businesswoman of the Year; Legislative District 8 Republican chair (2014- 2016); NRA lifetime member; Antarctic expedition with Lamont Doherty Geological Observatory (1992); spouse: Darr; sons: Dane and Parker. Mike Moyle (R) Legislative District 14 (Ada County) Term: 10 (1998–2018) 480 N. Plummer Rd., Star, 83669 [email protected] Email: Agribusiness Occupation: 1983 graduate of Meridian High School; attended BYU; LDS; farmer/rancher; served four years as House Assistant Majority Leader; serving sixth term as Majority Leader; spouse: Janet Trujillo; children: Kelsei, Jacob and Preston; three grandchildren. Ronald Nate (R) District 34 (Bonneville & Madison Counties) 2 (2014–2018) Term: 2139 Ferris Lane, Rexburg, 83440 (208) 403-3609 Phone: [email protected] Email: Economics Professor Occupation: Ron Nate is a husband to Maria Nate and a father of three daughters (Maddie, Anna, Elle) and a son (Sam). They live in Rexburg where Ron is an economics professor at BYU- Idaho (since 2001) and Maria is an insurance agent. They all enjoy camping, traveling, and skiing. They are united in the cause of fighting for freedom and liberty. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 193

204 Kelley Packer (R) District 28 (Bannock & Power Counties) Term: 3 (2012–2018) P.O. Box 147, McCammon, 83250 Phone: (208) 241-3350 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Office Manager Graduated from Marsh Valley High School; Associate of Arts in business management from American Intercontinental University; small business owner in McCammon, Idaho; spouse: Duane. Joe Palmer (R) District 20 (Ada County) Term: 5 (2008–2018) 1524 N. Meridian Rd., Meridian, 83642 Phone: (208) 887-9488 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Self-employed Business owner; attended Boise State University; served in the Idaho Army National Guard; spouse: Leslie; four children. Christy Perry (R) District 11 (Canyon County) Term: 4 (2010–2018) P.O. Box 750, Nampa, 83653 Phone: (208) 880-9720 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Businesswoman Born in Ankara, Turkey; bachelor’s degree in political science and a master’s degree in public administration, Boise State University; spouse: Matt; three children. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 194

205 (R) Dell Raybould District 34 (Bonneville & Madison Counties) 9 (2000–2018) Term: 3215 N. 2000 W., Rexburg, 83440 Phone: (208) 356-6837 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Farmer/Businessman Born in Rexburg; graduated Madison High School; attended Ricks College; LDS; past chairman Idaho Potato Commission; spouse: Vera; children: Jeff, Valerie, Kathryn; 13 grandchildren; eight great-grandchildren. (R) Eric Redman District 2 (Kootenai County) Term: 2 (2014–2018) Legislative P.O. Box 40, Athol, 83801 Phone: (208) 623-6383 [email protected] Email: Occupation: Retired Insurance Agency Owner Raised on a farm near Moscow, Idaho; Union Pacific Railroad Agriculture Scholarship to Washington State University; U.S. Air Force Vietnam veteran; Idaho and Washington real estate broker, land developer and home builder (12 years); Rathdrum, Idaho multiline independent insurance agency (24 years); spouse: Sue; five children; 13 grandchildren. (D) Ilana Rubel District 18 (Ada County) 3 (2014–2018) Term: 2750 Migratory Dr., Boise, 83706 Phone: (208) 866-4776 [email protected] Email: Attorney Occupation: Born 1972; graduate of Harvard Law School (J.D. 1997) and Georgetown University (B.A. in American government and English 1994); partner in the Boise office of Fenwick & West; spouse: John; children: Andrew, Claire, Thomas and Evan. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 195

206 Heather Scott (R) District 1 (Bonner & Boundary Counties) Term: 2 (2014–2018) 27091 Highway 41, Blanchard, 83804 (208) 920-3120 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Aquatic Biologist B.S. in biology from University of Akron, Akron, Ohio; aquatic biologist; small business owner; spouse: Andrew. (R) Paul E. Shepherd District 7 (Bonner, Clearwater, Idaho, & Shoshone Counties) Term: 7 (2004–2018) P.O. Box 277, Riggins, 83549 Phone: (208) 628-3695 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Partner/Manager, Shepherd Sawmill & Log Homes Inc Born in Boise; 1961 graduate of Boise High; attended Boise Jr. College; owner/partner of Shepherds Sawmill and Log Homes; Protestant; married in 1960; spouse: Dawn; children: Paula, Paul, Aaron, Daniel, Charles, Kristin, Sari, Ronald, and Eugene; 41 grandchildren; 30 great-grandchildren. Elaine Smith (D) District 29 (Bannock County) Term: 9 (2000–2018) 3759 Heron Ave., Pocatello, 83201 Phone: (208) 237-1462 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Retired Born in Gooding; graduated Meridian High School; B.A. in education-history, Idaho State University; Methodist; active with AAUW, Delta Kappa Gamma, Chamber of Commerce, Pocatello Chiefs, NAACP, AOPi, PEO, Rotary; spouse: Rich; children: Camille, Kirk and Brenda; six grandchildren. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 196

207 Thyra Stevenson (R) District 6 (Lewis & Nez Perce Counties) Term: 1 (2016–2018) (Served 1 term, House 2012-2014) 308 N. Prospect Blvd., Lewiston, 83501 Phone: (208) 305-2800 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Pilot and Teacher Born in Palo Alto, CA; B.A., Boston University; M.A., New York University in Madrid, Spain; Ph.D ABD University of Washington; member of Lewiston City Council; Chief Information Officer Coast Guard Auxiliary Association; aircraft commander; military contractor; GOP precinct chair; ordained elder, Spaulding Nez Perce Indian Presbyterian Church; spouse: Walt; five children. Scott Syme (R) District 11 (Canyon County) Term: 1 (2016–2018) 206 S. 9th Ave., Ste. 105, Caldwell, 83605 Phone: (208) 573-9301 Legislative Email: [email protected] Occupation: Real Estate Association Broker Raised on a farm near Weiser; graduate of The College of Idaho, B.A. in business administration; graduate, Combined Arms Services and Services Staff School and U.S. Army Command and General Staff College; co-own Syme Real Estate with wife Patti; U.S. Army and Army Reserve, 32 years,; served two tours in Iraq, retiring as colonel; chairman of board, Caldwell Chamber of Commerce (2016); board member, Idaho Veterans Garden and Vets for Success; past president and treasurer, God & Country Festival; military awards: Legion of Merit, Bronze Star, and Joint Services Commendation Medal; spouse: Patti, 38 years; four children; four grandchildren. Jeff Thompson (R) District 30 (Bonneville County) Term: 5 (2008–2018) 1739 Peggy’s Lane, Idaho Falls, 83402 (208) 524-7367 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Businessman/Educator Born in Harlingen, Texas; bachelor’s degree in business finance and an MBA from Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA; master’s degree in human resource training and development from Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho; Christian; Council of State Governments, Henry Toll Fellow Leadership Program; Council of State Governments-West, Western Leadership Academy; Pacific Northwest Economic Region, Legislative Leadership Academy; Pacific Northwest Economic Region, Legislative Energy Horizon Institute; State Legislative Leaders Foundation, Emerging Political Leaders Program; spouse: Chanin. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 197

208 (D) Sally Toone District 26 (Blaine, Camas, Gooding & Lincoln Counties 1 (2016–2018) Term: 2096 E. 1500 S., Gooding, 83330 (208) 934-8114 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Educator Graduate of University of Idaho in education; own and operate family farms and cattle ranches in Gooding and Camas counties; 37-year career as math teacher in two local districts plus the College of Southern Idaho; State of Idaho Mentor/Teacher of the Year (2012); consulted with Boise State University mentoring students in Idaho Leads Project; spouse: Mark; children: Cliff and Steven. (R) Caroline Nilsson Troy District 5 (Benewah & Latah Counties) Term: 2 (2014–2018) 2794 Highway 95, Genesee, 83832 (208) 285-0182 Phone: [email protected] Email: Nonprofit Consultant Occupation: Born in Lewiston, Idaho; attended St. Stanislaus Grade School, Maru a Pula Secondary School in Botswana; graduate of Orofino High School; B.S. in communications, University of Idaho; owner of non-profit consulting firm Nilsson Advisory Group; spouse: David. (R) Janet Trujillo District 33 (Bonneville County) 3 (2012–2018) Term: P.O. Box 50617, Idaho Falls, 83405 [email protected] Email: Certified Property Tax Appraiser Occupation: Born in Salt Lake City, Utah; graduate of Hillcrest High School; graduate of Jordan Technical College Dental Assisting; attended Salt Lake Community College majoring in business management; Certified tax appraiser State of Idaho; spouse: Mike Moyle; two children; three step-children; six grandchildren. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 198

209 John Vander Woude (R) District 22 (Ada County) Term: 4 (2010–2018) (Served 1 term, House 2006-2008) 5311 Ridgewood Rd., Nampa, 83687 Phone: (208) 888-4210 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Retail Store Operator Former board member of the United Dairymen of Idaho, Milk Producers of Idaho and the Idaho Dairy Herd Improvement Association; spouse: Judy; three children; ten grandchildren. (R) Julie VanOrden District 31 (Bingham County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) Legislative 425 S. 1100 W., Pingree, 83262 Phone: (208) 684-4052 [email protected] Email: Agribusiness co-owner/homemaker Occupation: Born in Pocatello, Idaho; graduated from Blackfoot High School; attended College of Southern Idaho and Idaho State University Vocational-Technical School; Idaho PTA State President; Snake River School District Board of Trustees Chairman; Japanese American Citizen League member; spouse: Garth. (D) Melissa Wintrow District 19 (Ada County) 2 (2014–2018) Term: 1711 Ridenbaugh, Boise, 83702 (208) 949-0279 Phone: [email protected] Email: Education Occupation: Born in Troy, Ohio; B.A. in English literature from Miami University; M.Ed. in higher education from University of Georgia; 25 years’ higher education experience in curriculum design, instruction, program development, and leadership. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 199

210 Fred Wood (R) District 27 (Cassia & Minidoka Counties) Term: 6 (2006–2018) P.O. Box 1207, Burley, 83318-0828 (208) 312-1056 Phone: [email protected] Email: Occupation: Physician - Retired Born in Washington, D.C.; 1964 graduate of Georgia Military Academy in College Park, GA; B.S. and M.D. from Tulane University in New Orleans, LA; United States Air Force; physician, medical director; spouse: Amy; children: Frederick IV, Chelsey, Ashley, and Michael. Rick D. Youngblood (R) District 12 (Canyon County) Term: 3 (2012–2018) 12612 Smith Ave., Nampa, 83651 Phone: (208) 412-5107 Email: [email protected] Occupation: Banker (community) Born in Boise, Idaho; graduated from Weiser High School; attended North Idaho College and College of Idaho; graduate NW Ag Credit School-Washington State University; graduate Pacific Coast Banking School-University of Washington; diploma-General Banking, American Institute of Banking (AIB); spouse: Arlene; two children; five grandchildren. Christy Zito (R) District 23 (Elmore, Owyhee, & Twin Falls Counties) Term: 1 (2016–2018) P.O. Box 61, Hammett, 83627 (208) 590-4633 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Homemaker Born in Utah; graduate, Bridgerland Vocational Center farm and ranch management; small business owner and farm owner/operator; PTA president, school board member, and vice chairman; precinct committee woman, state committee woman, and served on resolutions committee and rules committee; National Farmers Union representative at Rural Electrification hearings in Washington, D.C.; former Friends of NRA committee chairman; five children; 11 grandchildren. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 200

211 Bryan Zollinger (R) District 33 (Bonneville County) Term: 1 (2016–2018) 594 J Street, Idaho Falls, 83402 (208) 206-3086 Phone: Email: [email protected] Occupation: Attorney Born in Rexburg, ID; graduate of Sugar Salem High School; B.S. in accounting from University of Utah; J.D. from Florida Coastal School of Law; attorney with Smith, Driscoll & Associates, PLLC; past trustee, Idaho Falls School Board; board member, USA Idaho Wrestling; spouse: Shara; five children. Legislative Wilson Theatre Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 201

212 Legislature Membership by District District 1 - Bonner & Boundary District 12 - Canyon County Counties Sen. Todd M. Lakey (R) Sen. Shawn Keough (R) Rep. Robert Anderst (R) Rep. Heather Scott (R) Rep. Rick D. Youngblood (R) Rep. Sage Dixon (R) District 13 - Canyon County District 2 - Kootenai County Sen. Jeff Agenbroad (R) Sen. Steve Vick (R) Rep. Brent J. Crane (R) Rep. Vito Barbieri (R) Rep. Gary E. Collins (R) Rep. Eric Redman (R) District 14 - Ada County District 3 - Kootenai County Sen. Marv Hagedorn (R) Sen. Bob Nonini (R) Rep. Mike Moyle (R) Rep. Ron Mendive (R) Rep. Gayann DeMordaunt (R) Rep. Don Cheatham (R) District 4 - Kootenai County District 15 - Ada County Sen. Mary Souza (R) Sen. Fred S. Martin (R) Rep. Luke Malek (R) Rep. Lynn M. Luker (R) Rep. Paul Amador (R) Rep. Patrick McDonald (R) District 5 - Benewah & Latah Counties District 16 - Ada County Sen. Dan Foreman (R) Sen. Grant Burgoyne (D) Rep. Paulette Jordan (D) Rep. John McCrostie (D) Rep. Caroline Nilsson Troy (R) Rep. Hy Kloc (D) District 6 - Lewis & Nez Perce Counties District 17 - Ada County Sen. Dan G. Johnson (R) Sen. Maryanne Jordan (D) Rep. Thyra Stevenson (R) Rep. John Gannon (D) Rep. Mike Kingsley (R) Rep. Sue Chew (D) District 7 - Bonner, Clearwater, Idaho District 18 - Ada County & Shoshone Counties Sen. Janie Ward-Engelking (D) Sen. Carl Crabtree (R) Rep. Ilana Rubel (D) Rep. Priscilla Giddings (R) Rep. Phylis K. King (D) Rep. Paul E. Shepherd (R) District 8 - Boise, Custer, Gem, District 19 - Ada County Lemhi & Valley Counties Sen. Cherie Buckner-Webb (D) Sen. Steven P. Thayn (R) Rep. Matthew W. Erpelding (D) Rep. Terry Gestrin (R) Rep. Melissa Wintrow (D) Rep. Dorothy Moon (R) District 20 - Ada County District 9 - Adams, Canyon, Payette Sen. Chuck Winder (R) & Washington Counties Rep. Joe Palmer (R) Sen. Abby Lee (R) Rep. James Holtzclaw (R) Rep. Ryan Kerby (R) District 21 - Ada County Rep. Judy Boyle (R) Sen. Clifford R. Bayer (R) District 10 - Canyon County Rep. Steven Harris (R) Sen. Jim Rice (R) Rep. Thomas Dayley (R) Rep. Brandon A. Hixon (R) Rep. Greg Chaney (R) District 22 - Ada County Sen. Lori Den Hartog (R) District 11 - Canyon County Rep. John Vander Woude (R) Sen. Patti Anne Lodge (R) Rep. Jason A. Monks (R) Rep. Scott Syme (R) Rep. Christy Perry (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 202

213 (continued) Legislature Membership by District District 23 - Elmore, Owyhee & District 30 - Bonneville County Twin Falls Counties Sen. Dean M. Mortimer (R) Rep. Jeff Thompson (R) Sen. Bert Brackett (R) Rep. Wendy Horman (R) Rep. Christy Zito (R) Rep. Megan Blanksma (R) District 31 - Bingham County District 24 - Twin Falls County Sen. Steve Bair (R) Sen. Lee Heider (R) Rep. Neil A. Anderson (R) Rep. Lance Clow (R) Rep. Julie VanOrden (R) Rep. Stephen Hartgen (R) District 32 - Bear Lake, Bonneville, District 25 - Jerome & Twin Falls Caribou, Franklin, Oneida & Counties Teton Counties Sen. Jim Patrick (R) Sen. Mark Harris (R) Rep. Maxine T. Bell (R) Rep. Marc Gibbs (R) Rep. Clark Kauffman (R) Rep. Thomas F. Loertscher (R) District 26 - Blaine, Camas, Gooding & District 33 - Bonneville County Lincoln Counties Sen. Bart M. Davis (R) Sen. Michelle Stennett (D) Rep. Janet Trujillo (R) Rep. Steven Miller (R) Rep. Bryan Zollinger (R) Rep. Sally Toone (D) District 27 - Cassia & Minidoka Legislative District 34 - Bonneville & Madison Counties Counties Sen. Kelly Anthon (R) Sen. Brent Hill (R) Rep. Scott Bedke (R) Rep. Ronald Nate (R) Rep. Fred Wood (R) Rep. Dell Raybould (R) District 28 - Bannock & Power District 35 - Butte, Clark, Fremont, Counties & Jefferson Counties Sen. Jim Guthrie (R) Sen. Jeff C. Siddoway (R) Rep. Randy Armstrong (R) Rep. Van Burtenshaw (R) Rep. Kelley Packer (R) Rep. Karey Hanks (R) District 29 - Bannock County Sen. Mark Nye (D) Rep. Dustin Manwaring (R) Rep. Elaine Smith (D) CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 203

214 Senate Committees Agricultural Affairs Jim Rice Lori Den Hartog Chair: Vice Chair: Members: (R) Jim Patrick, Clifford R. Bayer, Dan Foreman, Jim Guthrie, Dan G. Johnson, Steven P. Thayne; (D) Maryanne Jordan Commerce and Human Resources Chair: Vice Chair: Jim Guthrie Jim L. Patrick Members: (R) Fred S. Martin, Todd M. Lakey, Steven P. Thayne, Mary Souza, Kelly Arthur Anthon; (D) Grant Burgoyne, Janie Ward-Engelking Education Chair: Dean M. Mortimer Vice Chair: Steven P. Thayn Members: (R) Chuck Winder, Robert P. Nonini, Lori Den Hartog, Jim Guthrie, Carl Crabtree; (D) Cherie Buckner-Webb, Janie Ward-Engelking Finance Chair: Shawn Keough Vice Chair: Fred S. Martin Members: (R) Steve Bair, Dean M. Mortimer, Mary Souza, Abby Lee, Jeff Agenbroad, Carl Crabtree; (D) Janie Ward-Engelking, Mark Nye Health and Welfare Chair: Lee Heider Vice Chair: Mary Souza Members: (R) Fred S. Martin, Abby Lee, Mark Harris, Kelly Arthur Anthon, Jeff (D) Agenbroad, Dan Foreman; Maryanne Jordan Judiciary and Rules Chair: Vice Chair: Abby Lee Patti Anne Lodge Bart M. Davis, Marv Hagedorn, Kelly Arthur Anthon, Jeff Agenbroad, Members: (R) (D) Grant Burgoyne, Mark Nye Dan Foreman; Local Government and Taxation Dan G. Johnson Chair: Clifford R. Bayer Vice Chair: Members: (R) Brent Hill, Jeff C. Siddoway, Jim Rice, Steve Vick, Jim L. Patrick; (D) Grant Burgoyne, Mark Nye Resources and Environment Chair: Steve Bair Vice Chair: Steve Vick Members: (R) Jeff C. Siddoway, Bert Brackett, Lee Heider, Clifford R. Bayer, Dan G. Johnson; (D) Michelle Stennett, Maryanne Jordan State Affairs Chair: Jeff C. Siddoway Vice Chair: Marv Hagedorn Members: (R) Bart M. Davis, Brent Hill, Chuck Winder, Patti Anne Lodge, Todd M. Lakey; (D) Michelle Stennett, Cherie Buckner-Webb Transportation Chair: Bert Brackett Vice Chair: Robert P. Nonini Members: (R) Shawn Keough, Chuck Winder, Marv Hagedorn, Lori Den Hartog, (D) Cherie Buckner-Webb Patti Anne Lodge, Mark Harris; IDAHO BLUE BOOK 204

215 House Committees Agricultural Affairs Chair: Judy Boyle Vice Chair: Thomas Dayley Members: (R) Maxine T. Bell, Steven Miller, Julie VanOrden, Van T. Burtenshaw, Ryan Kerby, Caroline Nilsson Troy, Thyra Stevenson, Paul Amador, Randy Armstrong, Karey Hanks, Christy Zito; (D) Matthew W. Erpelding, Sally Toone Appropriations Rick D. Youngblood Vice Chair: Maxine T. Bell Chair: Steven Miller, Van T. Burtenshaw, Wendy Horman, Luke Malek, Members: (R) Neil A. Anderson, Sage G. Dixon; Phylis K. King, Melissa Wintrow (D) Business Lance W. Clow Chair: Vito Barbieri Vice Chair: Members: (R) Gary E. Collins, Brent J. Crane, Joe Palmer, Jeff Thompson, Brandon A. Hixon, Jason A. Monks, Robert Anderst, Sage G. Dixon, Caroline Nilsson Troy, Thyra Stevenson, Randy Armstrong, Gayann DeMordaunt, Dustin Manwaring; (D) Elaine Smith, Hy Kloc, Sally Toone Commerce and Human Resources Legislative Vice Chair: Stephen Hartgen Chair: Neil A. Anderson Members: (R) Steven Harris, James Holtzclaw, Wendy Horman, Kelley Packer, Eric M. Redman, Mike Kingsley, Dorothy Moon, Scott Syme, Heather Scott; Phylis K. King, Sue Chew (D) Education Chair: Julie VanOrden Vice Chair: Patrick McDonald Members: (R) Paul E. Shepherd, Judy Boyle, Lance W. Clow, Ron Mendive, Ryan Kerby, Don Cheatham, Paul Amador, Gayann DeMordaunt, Dorothy Moon, Scott Syme; (D) Hy Kloc, John McCrostie, Sally Toone Environment, Energy, and Technology Chair: Vice Chair: Jeff Thompson Dell Raybould Stephen Hartgen, John Vander Woude, Neil A. Anderson, Members: (R) Robert Anderst, Ron Mendive, Janet Trujillo, Greg Chaney, Ronald Nate, Don Cheatham, Wendy Horman, Luke Malek, Dorothy Moon, Heather Scott; (D) Elaine Smith, Paulette Jordan, Ilana Rubel Health and Welfare Chair: Fred Wood Vice Chair: Kelley Packer Members: (R) Brandon A. Hixon, Christy Perry, John Vander Woude, Eric Redman, Marc Gibbs, Megan Blanksma, Karey Hanks, Mike Kingsley, Bryan Zollinger; (D) Sue Chew; Ilana Rubel Judiciary, Rules, and Administration Chair: Lynn M. Luker Vice Chair: Luke Malek Members: (R) Christy Perry, Thomas Dayley, Janet Trujillo, Patrick McDonald, Don Cheatham, Ryan Kerby, Ronald Nate, Greg Chaney, Paul Amador, Karey Hanks, (D) John Gannon, John McCrostie, Melissa Wintrow Christy Zito, Bryan Zollinger; CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 205

216 (continued) House Committees Local Government Christy Perry Vice Chair: Chair: Eric M. Redman Members: (R) Lynn M. Luker, Vito Barbieri, Lance W. Clow, Gary E. Collins, Megan Blanksma, Priscilla Giddings, Mike Kingsley, Dustin Manwaring, Bryan Zollinger; Sue Chew, John McCrostie (D) Resources and Conservation Terry Gestrin Vice Chair: Chair: Marc Gibbs Members: (R) Mike Moyle, Dell Raybould, Paul E. Shepherd, Fred Wood, Judy Boyle, John Vander Woude, Steven Miller, Van T. Burtenshaw, Ron Mendive, Rick D. Youngblood, Clark Kauffman, Priscilla Giddings, Megan Blanksma; (D) Mathew W. Erpelding, Ilana Rubel, Paulette E. Jordan Revenue and Taxation Vice Chair: Janet Trujillo Chair: Gary E. Collins Mike Moyle, Dell Raybould, Robert Anderst, Thomas Dayley, Members: (R) Stephen Hartgen, Clark Kauffman, Greg Chaney, Ronald Nate, Jeff Thompson, Terry Gestrin, Thyra Stevenson, Caroline Nilsson Troy; Mathew W. Erpelding, John Gannon (D) State Affairs Chair: Jason A. Monks Thomas F. Loertscher Vice Chair: Lynn M. Luker, Brent J. Crane, Joe Palmer, Vito Barbieri, Members: (R) James Holtzclaw, Steven Harris, Randy Armstrong, Priscilla Giddings, Dustin Elaine Smith, Paulette Jordan (D) Manwaring, Christy Zito, Heather Scott; Transportation and Defense Joe Palmer Vice Chair: Paul E. Shepherd Chair: Terry Gestrin, Brandon A. Hixon, Clark Kauffman, Kelley Packer, Rick Members: (R) D. Youngblood, Patrick McDonald, Sage G. Dixon, Steven Harris, James Holtzclaw, Jason A. Monks, Gayann DeMordaunt, Scott Syme; Phylis K. King, Melissa Wintrow, John Gannon (D) Ways and Means Chair: Robert Anderst Mike Moyle, Brent J. Crane, John Vander Woude; Members: (R) Mathew W. Erpelding, Ilana Rubel, Elaine Smith (D) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 206

217 Legislature Leadership 1891 – 2017 Year President Pro Tem Speaker of the House Frank A. Fenn (R) John S. Gray* 1891 Alexander E. Mayhew* David T. Miller (R) 1893 1895 Vincent Bierbower (R) Robert V. Cozier (R) Joseph C. Rich (P) Albert H. Alford (D) 1897 Frank R. Gooding (R) David L. Evans (D) 1899 J.W. Ballantine (P) Glenn P. McKinley(D) 1901 1903 J.W. Brigham (R) James F. Hunt (R) George E. Crum (R) James F. Hunt (R) 1905 C.H. Nugent (R) 1907 James F. Hunt (R) 1909 John W. Hart (R) Paul Clagstone (R) 1911 Fred W. Gooding (R) Charles D. Storey (R) 1913 John W. Hart (R) C.S. French (R) John W. Hart (R) A.H. Connor (R) 1915 1917 B. Harvey Allred (D) Perry W. Mitchell (D) 1919 E.W. Whitcomb (R) M.A. Kiger (R) 1921 E.W. Whitcomb (R) Peter Johnston (R) 1923 L.R. Thomas (R) M.A. Kiger (R) 1925 John McMurray (R) W.T. Gillis (R) 1927 John McMurray (R) W.T. Gillis (R) Legislative 1929 John McMurray (R) Donald S. Whitehead (R) 1931 G.W. Grebe (R) C.A. Bottolfsen (R) 1933 E.G. Van Hoesen (D) Robert Coulter (D) Perry W. Mitchell (D) 1935 Troy D. Smith (D) 1937 James B. Newport (D) Troy D. Smith (D) Thomas Heath (R) M.L. Horsley (R) 1939 F.M. Bistline (D) 1941 Perry W. Mitchell (D) 1943 C.A. Robins (R) M.L. Horsley (R) 1945 J.E. Williams (R) Willis C. Moffatt (R) J.E. Williams (R) Barney Glavin (R) 1947 1949 O.E. Cannon (D) John Hohnhorst (R) E.J. Soelberg (R) 1951 W.L. Mills (R) William C. Moore (R) R.H. Young, Jr. (R) 1953 1955 R.H. Young, Jr. (R) Carl Irwin (R) 1957 O.J. Buxton (D) Elvon Hampton (R) 1959 O.J. Buxton (D) Robert Doolittle (D) 1961 A.W. Naegle (R) W.D. Eberle (R) Jack M. Murphy (R) 1963 Pete T. Cenarrusa (R) Jack M. Murphy (R) Pete T. Cenarrusa (R) 1965 1967 Pete T. Cenarrusa (R) R.H. Young, Jr. (R) 1969 James Ellsworth (R) William J. Lanting (R) 1971 James Ellsworth (R) William J. Lanting (R) 1973 William J. Lanting (R) James Ellsworth (R) 1975 James Ellsworth (R) Allan F. Larsen (R) 1977 Philip E. Batt (R) Allan F. Larsen (R) 1979 Reed Budge (R) Ralph Olmstead (R) 1981 Reed Budge (R) Ralph Olmstead (R) Tom W. Stivers (R) James Risch (R) 1983 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 207

218 Legislature Leadership (continued) Year President Pro Tem Speaker of the House Tom W. Stivers (R) James Risch (R) 1985 Tom Boyd (R) James Risch (R) 1987 1989 Tom Boyd (R) Michael Crapo (R) Tom Boyd (R) 1991 Michael Crapo (R) Jerry Twiggs (R) 1993 Michael K. Simpson (R) Michael K. Simpson (R) Jerry Twiggs (R) 1995 Michael K. Simpson (R) 1997 Jerry Twiggs (R) Bruce Newcomb (R) Jerry Twiggs (R) 1999 Bruce Newcomb (R) Robert L. Geddes (R) 2000 Robert L. Geddes (R) Bruce Newcomb (R) 2001 Robert L. Geddes (R) 2003 Bruce Newcomb (R) Robert L. Geddes (R) 2005 Bruce Newcomb (R) 2007 Robert L. Geddes (R) Lawerence Denney (R) Robert L. Geddes (R) 2009 Lawerence Denney (R) 2010 Robert L. Geddes (R) Lawerence Denney (R) Brent Hill (R) Lawerence Denney (R) 2011 Lawerence Denney (R) 2012 Brent Hill (R) Brent Hill (R) Scott Bedke (R) 2013 2014 Brent Hill (R) Scott Bedke (R) 2015 Brent Hill (R) Scott Bedke (R) 2016 Scott Bedke (R) Brent Hill (R) Scott Bedke (R) 2017 Brent Hill (R) Party designation: (R) Republican; (D) Democrat; *party affiliation not available. Political Party Statistics 1891 – 2017 Senate House Rep. Year Other Dem. Other Rep. Dem. Total Total 1891 18** 36** 1893 18** 36** 1895 18 10 2 5(P)1(I) 35 25 1 8(P)1(I) 1897 7 7 7(P) 48 17 15 16(P) 21 1899 21 9 3 2(P), 7(F) 49 12 14 6(P), 17(F) 7 1901 21 49 10 3(P), 1(SR) 20 16 6(P), 7(SR) 1903 21 6 1(I) 47 35 11 14 21 19 50 48 2 1905 2 21 6 51 38 12 1(I) 1907 15 23 13 10 53 44 9 1909 1911 23 8 59 35 24 14 24 56 3 60 1913 4 21 33 1915 11 2(Pr), 1(S) 61 32 28 1(Pr) 19 1917 37 16 21 65 29 36 1919 41 12 64 46 18 29 44 51 5 54 1921 3 39 22 6(Pr) 44 1923 14 5(Pr) 65 37 25 1925 44 32 5 7(Pr) 62 45 5 12(Pr) 1927 29 11 4(Pr) 68 52 7 8(Pr), 1(I) 44 1929 44 31 12 1 (I) 50 9 1931 44 23 21 70 43 27 59 4 1933 44 9 35 63 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 208

219 Political Party Statistics (continued) Senate House Year Dem. Other Rep. Rep. Dem. Other Total Total 44 36 59 6 53 1935 8 11 33 59 1937 50 44 9 44 27 17 59 39 20 1939 44 21 23 64 36 1941 28 1943 31 13 59 32 27 44 44 20 59 30 29 1945 24 44 31 13 59 42 17 1947 1949 44 24 59 35 24 20 1951 29 15 59 36 23 44 1953 44 33 11 59 45 14 1955 44 20 59 36 23 24 44 25 59 32 27 1957 19 44 17 27 59 24 35 1959 1961 44 21 59 31 28 23 1963 23 21 63 34 29 44 1965 44 25 19 79 42 37 1967 35 13 70 38 32 22 70 38 32 1969 20 15 35 1971 35 19 16 70 41 29 1973 23 12 70 51 19 35 Legislative 35 21 14 70 43 27 1975 1977 35 20 15 70 48 22 1979 35 16 70 50 20 19 35 23 70 56 14 1981 12 21 70 51 19 35 14 1983 28 14 84 1985 17 42 67 42 26 16 84 64 20 1987 42 23 19 84 64 20 1989 1991 42 21 84 56 28 21 35 12 70 50 20 1993 23 35 27 8 70 57 13 1995 1997 35 5 70 59 11 30 1999 31 4 70 58 12 35 2001 35 32 3 70 61 9 2003 35 7 70 54 16 28 35 7 70 57 13 2005 28 51 19 7 70 2007 35 28 2009 35 7 70 52 18 28 2011 28 7 70 57 13 35 2012 35 28 7 70 57 13 2013 35 7 70 57 13 28 2014 28 7 70 57 13 35 2015 35 28 7 70 56 14 2016 28 7 70 56 14 35 11 35 26 9 70 59 2017 *Other includes: (P) Populist; (F) Fusion; (SR)Silver Republican; (I) Independent; (S) Socialist; (Pr) Progressive. ** Party affiliation not available. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 209

220 Legislative Sessions 1890 – 2017 Day in Convened Adjourned Year Session Session 1st 12/08/1890 82* 1890 03/14/1891 01/02/1893 64 2nd 1893 03/06/1893 01/07/1875 03/09/1895 62 1895 3rd 4th 03/08/1897 64 1897 01/04/1897 1899 5th 01/02/1899 03/07/1899 65 6th 01/07/1901 1901 65 03/12/1901 1903 01/05/1903 03/07/1903 62 7th 8th 03/04/1905 62 1905 01/02/1905 9th 01/07/1907 03/08/1907 61 1907 1909 01/04/1909 03/06/1909 62 10th 1911 11th 01/02/1911 03/04/1911 62 1912 1 E.S. 11th 01/15/1912 01/31/1912 17 1913 12th 03/08/1913 62 01/06/1913 13th 03/08/1915 64 1915 01/04/1915 1917 14th 01/08/1917 03/10/1917 62 15th 01/06/1919 1919 62 03/08/1919 1921 01/03/1921 03/05/1921 62 16th 17th 01/08/1923 03/09/1923 61 1923 1925 18th 01/05/1925 03/05/1925 60 1927 01/03/1927 03/03/1927 60 19th 1929 20th 01/07/1929 03/07/1929 60 1930 1 E.S. 20th 02/24/1930 02/25/1930 2 1931 01/05/1931 03/05/1931 60 21st 1931 1 E.S. 21st 03/06/1931 03/13/1931 8 22nd 1933 59 01/02/1933 03/01/1933 1935 23rd 03/08/1935 61 01/07/1935 1 E.S. 23rd 03/20/1935 13 1935 03/08/1935 23rd 07/10/1935 3 2 E.S. 07/08/1935 1935 23rd 07/28/1936 1936 4 3 E.S. 07/31/1936 24th 01/04/1937 03/06/1937 62 1937 1E.S. 24th 11/28/1937 11/30/1937 3 1937 25th 1939 03/02/1939 60 01/02/1939 26th 03/08/1941 62 1941 01/06/1941 27th 01/04/1943 02/28/1943 56 1943 1 E.S. 27th 02/28/1944 03/01/1944 2 1944 1944 27th 03/01/1944 03/04/1944 4 2 E.S. 1945 28th 01/08/1945 03/09/1945 61 1946 1.E.S. 02/25/1946 03/07/1946 11 28th 2 E.S. 03/07/1946 03/07/1946 1 1946 28th 29th 01/06/1947 03/07/1947 61 1947 1949 30th 03/04/1949 61 01/03/1949 1950 30th 02/06/1950 02/25/1950 20 1.E.S. 1951 31st 01/08/1951 03/12/1951 64 1952 1 E.S. 01/15/1952 01/16/1952 2 31st 32nd 01/05/1953 03/06/1953 61 1953 1955 33rd 01/03/1955 03/05/1955 62 1957 01/07/1957 03/16/1957 69 34th 1959 35th 01/05/1959 03/09/1959 64 1961 36th 01/02/1961 03/02/1961 60 2 08/04/1961 1961 1 E.S. 36th 08/03/1961 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 210

221 (continued) Legislative Sessions Day in Session Convened Session Year Adjourned 01/07/1963 1963 03/19/1963 37th 72 07/29/1964 1 E.S. 1964 08/01/1964 37th 4 74 01/04/1965 38th 1965 03/18/1965 1965 03/25/1965 7 1 E.S. 38th 03/19/1965 38th 02/14/1966 03/05/1966 20 2 E.S. 1966 38th 03/07/1966 03/17/1966 1966 3 E.S. 11 39th 03/31/1967 89 1967 01/02/1967 39th 06/23/1967 5 1 E.S. 1967 06/19/1967 39th 01/29/1968 02/09/1968 12 1968 2 E.S. 1 Ses. 40th 03/27/1969 74 1969 01/13/1969 2 Ses. 01/12/1970 03/07/1970 55 1970 40th 1 Ses. 41st 01/11/1971 03/20/1971 69 1971 1 E.S. 1971 03/22/1971 04/08/1971 18 41st 2 Ses. 41st 03/25/1972 75 1972 01/10/1972 42nd 03/13/1973 65 1 Ses. 1973 01/08/1973 42nd 01/14/1974 03/30/1974 76 1974 2 Ses. 1 Ses. 43rd 03/22/1975 68 1975 01/13/1975 2 Ses. 01/05/1976 03/19/1976 75 1976 43rd 1 Ses. 44th 01/10/1977 1977 71 03/21/1977 Legislative 44th 01/09/1978 03/18/1978 69 1978 2 Ses. 45th 03/26/1979 78 1 Ses. 1979 01/08/1979 45th 01/07/1980 03/31/1980 1980 2 Ses 85 1 E.S. 05/12/1980 05/14/1980 3 45th 1980 46th 01/12/1981 03/27/1981 75 1981 1 Ses. 1 E.S. 46th 07/07/1981 07/21/1981 15 1981 2 Ses. 1982 03/24/1982 73 46th 01/11/1982 47th 1983 95 01/10/1983 1 Ses 04/14/1983 05/09/1983 1 E.S. 1983 05/11/1983 47th 3 01/09/1984 83 47th 2 Ses. 1984 03/31/1984 1985 03/13/1985 66 1 Ses. 48th 01/07/1985 48th 01/06/1986 03/28/1986 82 2 Ses. 1986 49th 01/12/1987 04/01/1987 1987 1 Ses. 80 2 Ses. 01/11/1988 03/31/1988 81 1988 49th 50th 03/29/1989 80 1 Ses. 1989 01/09/1989 50th 01/08/1990 03/30/1990 82 1990 2 Ses. 1 Ses. 51st 03/29/1991 82 1991 01/07/1991 2 Ses. 01/06/1992 04/03/1992 89 1992 51st 1 E.S. 51st 07/27/1992 07/28/1992 2 1992 1 Ses. 52nd 03/27/1993 76 1993 01/11/1993 52nd 1994 82 01/10/1994 2 Ses. 04/01/1994 53rd 03/17/1995 68 1 Ses. 1995 01/09/1995 53rd 01/08/1996 03/15/1996 1996 2 Ses. 68 1 Ses. 01/06/1997 03/19/1997 73 1997 54th 54th 01/12/1998 03/23/1998 71 1998 2 Ses. 1 Ses. 55th 01/11/1999 03/19/1999 68 1999 2000 01/10/2000 04/05/2000 87 2 Ses. 55th 55tth 12/08/2000 12/08/2000 1 2000 1 E.S. 1 Ses. 56th 01/08/2001 03/30/2001 82 2001 2 Ses. 01/07/2002 03/14/2002 68 56th 2002 1 Ses. 57th 01/06/2003 05/03/2003 118 2003 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 211

222 Legislative Sessions (continued) Day in Year Session Session Convened Adjourned 69 01/12/2004 57th 2 Ses. 2004 03/20/2004 87 1 Ses. 58th 2005 01/10/2005 04/06/2005 58th 01/09/2006 04/11/2006 93 2006 2 Ses. 2006 1 E.S. 58th 08/25/2006 08/25/2006 1 82 03/30/2007 01/08/2007 59th 1 Ses. 2007 87 2008 2 Ses. 59th 01/07/2008 04/02/2008 117 60th 2009 1 Ses. 01/12/2009 05/08/2009 2010 78 01/11/2010 60th 2 Ses. 03/29/2010 88 1 Ses. 2011 04/07/2011 01/10/2011 61st 2012 2 Ses. 61st 01/09/2012 03/29/2012 81 04/04/2013 88 01/07/2013 62nd 1 Ses. 2013 03/20/2014 2014 2 Ses. 74 01/06/2014 62nd 01/12/2015 89 04/11/2015 2015 1 Ses. 63rd 05/18/2015 1 2015 1 E.S. 63rd 05/18/2015 64th 75 1 Ses. 01/11/2016 03/25/2016 2016 03/29/2017 80 65th 2017 1 Ses. 01/09/2017 * The first session adjourned for Christmas recess on December 21, 1890 and reconvened January 4, 1891, a period of 15 days. Even though the first session spanned a period of 97 days it was officially in session only 82 days. Legislation Summary 1959 – 2017 Introductions Enactments Session Bills Resolutions Bills Resolutions Vetoes Year 35th 1959 68 303 42 13 638 36th 77 331 47 4 1961 651 1 E.S. 36th 11 4 1961 4 0 4 1963 37th 734 71 429 55 21* 1964 1 E.S. 37th 7 10 6 9 0 1965 38th 608 76 321 48 15 1965 1 E.S. 27 8 5 3 0 38th 2 E.S. 38th 39 21 28 0 1966 67 38th 6 12 3 E.S. 7 0 1966 27 799 77 437 54 39 1967 39th 1 E.S. 39th 30 14 18 12 0 1967 1968 2 E.S. 52 20 29 12 0 39th 1 Ses. 796 91 473 53 8 1969 40th 2 Ses. 40th 511 55 1970 36 3 264 1971 1 Ses. 41st 660 103 365 38 6 1971 1 E.S. 41st 43 4 10 0 2 766 127 409 54 10 41st 1972 2 Ses. 1 Ses. 589 103 348 66 6 1973 42nd 2 Ses. 42nd 637 126 1974 56 5 325 1975 1 Ses. 43rd 563 115 270 52 10 1976 2 Ses. 43rd 738 92 367 41 6 1977 44th 645 77 326 49 15 1 Ses. 1978 2 Ses. 44th 654 60 375 34 12 1979 1 Ses. 45th 599 71 325 39 13 53 12 1980 2 Ses. 45th 714 68 396 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 212

223 (continued) Legislative Summary Enactments Introductions Bills Resolutions Bills Resolutions Vetoes Year Session 45th 1980 1 5 0 15 1 E.S. 8 701 366 34 16* 46th 74 1981 1 Ses. 16 6 2 1 1981 1 E.S. 46th 1 46th 617 66 370 35 11 2 Ses. 1982 47th 589 61 282 1983 23 1 Ses. 35 1 E.S. 8 0 5 0 1 1983 47th 47th 48 289 27 14 2 Ses. 586 1984 48th 466 63 274 1985 3* 1 Ses. 28 2 Ses. 48th 691 68 348 26 8 1986 1 Ses. 49th 619 70 361 43 7 1987 1988 2 Ses. 732 80 376 36 9 49th 1 Ses. 50th 110 426 59 8 1989 752 50th 63 439 27 3 2 Ses. 804 1990 51st 687 64 338 30 9 1991 1 Ses. 51st 1992 76 342 18 8 726 2 Ses. 51st 4 5 1 E. S. 1992 1 0 3 1993 1 Ses. 752 79 416 36 14 52nd 2 Ses. 958 79 456 30 16* 1994 52nd 1 Ses. 53rd 679 66 369 27 5 1995 Legislative 1996 772 67 433 40 8 2 Ses. 53rd 54th 695 66 404 41 5 1997 1 Ses. 2 Ses. 54th 708 73 428 36 10 1998 1 Ses. 55th 87 397 47 4 1999 666 55th 2000 487 48 3 737 2 Ses. 82 662 397 54 3 56th 80 2001 1 Ses. 605 72 371 40 2002 2 Ses. 56th 2 57th 678 81 381 47 8 1 Ses. 2003 57th 617 75 389 2004 5 2 Ses. 44 1 Ses. 642 84 405 47 9 2005 58th 58th 100 459 71 0 2 Ses. 735 2006 58th 1 0 1 2006 0 1 E.S. 0 1 Ses. 59th 581 69 369 49 6* 2007 3 32 633 58 410 59th 2008 2 Ses. 60th 1 Ses. 344 34 36 624 2009 48 60th 69 359 40 0 2 Ses. 2010 549 61st 565 55 335 2011 1 1 Ses. 30 2 Ses. 552 71 342 38 0 2012 61st 62nd 545 76 357 53 2 2013 1 Ses. 2 Ses. 62nd 542 66 357 43 0 2014 1 Ses. 2015 72 346 48 4 63rd 523 1 E.S. 1 0 1 0 0 2015 63rd 1 Ses. 64th 557 75 377 52 2 2016 49 1 Ses. 540 75 337 65th 8 2017 * Includes veto(es) overridden by both chambers to become law. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 213

224 Legislative Roster Territorial Council 1863 – 1889 1865, 1866 Ainslie, George Jewell, E.S. 1888 1868, 1870 Allen, R.G. Johnson, R.Z. 1880 Anderson, V.S. 1868 1882 Johnson, E.P. Anderson, W.F. 1880 Jordon, E.A. 1886 1876 Baker, W.T. Langford, W.G. 1876 1874, 1876 Beatty, E.T. 1886 Larimer, Robert 1886 Beatty, James H. 1870 Lynch, W. Biggs, H.C. 1865 Manning, Geo. A. 1879 1888 Bingham, J.W Martin, Henry 1874 1865 Bohannon, E. 1870, 1872 Mattox, H.A. 1868 Boomer, A.J. Mayhew, Alexander E. 1886 1884 Brearley, E.C. 1888 Mayhew, R.E. 1866, 1874 Brown, L.P. 1886 McNab, A.J. Budge, William 1876, 1880 McNally, John 1870, 1872, 1874 Call, C.C. 1870 McPherson, Chas. 1888 1865 Callaway, A.E. 1863, 1864 Miller, Joseph 1866 Miller, R.T. 1888 Campbell, Fred 1872 Miller, R. Emmett Cannady, John M. 1874 Monroe, D.G. 1870 Capps, Stanford 1863, 1864, 1872 Moody, S.W. 1884 Carter, M.A. 1866 Morrison, L.C. 1880 1888 Clough, J.P. 1880 Murray, James 1880 Cobb, Chas Negley, J.S. 1888 Coston, I.N. 1870, 1872, 1876 Nelson, T.F. 1888 1880, 1882 Cowen, I.B. Nordyke, B.J. 1870, 1872, 1879 Crawford, Geo. N. 1884 Odle, James 1882 Cruther, James I. 1886 Parsons, Geo. M. 1879 Cummings, John 1864 Paul, G.W. 1868 Dilley, S.B. 1864, 1865, 1880 Peck, Henry 1880, 1882 1868 Dudley, C.C. Perkins, W.Y. 1888 Dunwell, D.W.C. 1876 1879, 1884 Pettingill, George Edwards, A.J. 1863 Pierce, J.B. 1879 1868 Ensign, F.E. 1884 Poage, S.C. 1864, 1865, 1866 Fenn, S.S. Poe, J.W. 1880 1874 Foote, R.E. 1876 Porter, F.C. 1882, 1884 Galloway, Thos. C. 1874 Prickett, H.E. Goulder, W.A. 1874 1879, 1882 Regan, P.A. Hailey, John 1880 1863 Rheem, Wm. C. Hart, Jas. H. 1879, 1884 Riggs, H.C. 1866 Hawley, James H. 1874 Robb, R.H. 1886 Hays, Gilmore 1870, 1872 Robie, A.H. 1874 Helfrich, E.C. 1886 1882 Robinson, C.E. Higbee, L.P. 1872, 1876 Scaniker, S.P. 1865, 1866 1879 High, J.N. Shoup, Geo. L. 1879 1886 Himrod, Chas. 1876 Sidebotham, R.A. 1868 – 1876 Howard, S.P.C. 1863, 1864 Smith, Ephraim 1866 Hudson, W.H. Smith, H.W. 1884, 1886 1886 Hughes, P.L. Sparks, Thos. 1888 1888 Ireland, J.N. Stalker, Alexander 1874 1884 Isaman, S.G. Stanford, Lyman 1863 Jenkins, M.R. 1879 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 214

225 Territorial Council (continued) Waterbury, E.B. 1866, 1876 1863, 1864 Stevenson, E.A. 1865, 1866 1886 Street, H.C. Watson, Charles Webster, W.L. 1882 Stump, J.H. 1870, 1872 Wiley, N.B. 1879 Taylor, J.M. 1868 Willmot, L.P. 1880 1868 Taylor, J.S. 1882 Taylor, William S. Wilson, Benj. 1872, 1884 1872, 1876, 1882 Taylor, S.F. 1888 Witt, J.V.R. Wood, Chas. A. Travis, Joseph 1879, 1882 1884 Wood, R.L. 1876 1884 Tregaskis, R. 1872 Wright, J.B. 1868, 1870 Vance, W.M. 1882 Wall, E.A. Yantes, B.F. 1868, 1870 Territorial House of Representatives 1863 – 1889 1866 Abbott, J.A. 1865 - 1882 Campbell, Fred Adams, Peter 1872 Carr, James 1865 1884 Adams, David Carter, J.W. 1865 1884 Adams, Geo. W. 1868 Catlin, Seth Agnew, J.D. 1865 1866 Caton, H.T. Allen, H. 1865 Cave, Josiah 1874,1886 1879 Allison, William 1886,1888 Chaney, A.S. Anderson, A.B. 1872 Chapin, George 1879 Legislative Anderson, V.S. 1874 Clark, Perry 1870 1872 Apperson, James J. Clay, H.H. 1888 Bacon, L. 1863 Cleary, Philip 1870,1874,1876,1884 1874 Baddock, J.H. Clemens, Wm. 1874 1886, 1888 Badley, D.L. 1886 Clouch, J.P. 1868 Bailey, Hayden Cobb, Charles 1886 Baldwin, G.B. 1874, 1879, 1884 1879 Cooper, William Barnes, D.P. 1865 Coston, I.N. 1882 Bassett, C.J. 1882 1884 Cough, J.P. 1865, 1868 Beatty, E.T. 1886 Cox, J.C. Bell, F.W. 1866 1866 Cozad, John 1868 Bell, G.W. Crafts, G.W. 1872 1872 Bennett, Jas. A. 1870 Crawford, J.R. Biddy, Moses J. 1872 Crosson, B. 1865 Birdseye, J.W. 1879 Crow, W.H.B. 1888 1864,1865 Blakley, Alexander Culp, Isaac 1874 1863 Bodfish, C.P. Cummings, J.W. 1880 1879 Bonner, J.J. Curtis, T.J. 1876 1863 Brown, M.C. 1866 Davis, Nelson 1880 Brumback, J. Davis, Matt 1872 1876 1888 Bruner, J.A. Davis, C.K. 1888 Davis, R.H. 1882 Buckanan, A. 1888 Day, C.M. 1886 Burke, John M. 1886,1888 DeHaven, James 1888 Burkhart, H.Z. Dean, A. 1872 Burnett, E.G. 1886 1876,1880 Dempsey, Stephen Butler, W.H. 1879 1882 Dodge, O.A. 1870 Cahalan, T.D. 1880 Dudley, Joseph Calloway, A.E. 1870,1872,1879,1880 1864 Duval, John Calloway, Thomas H. 1868 1876 Edwards, S.P. 1863 Campbell, R.P. 1872 Elder, Thomas 1868,1870 Campbell, Patrick CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 215

226 (continued) Territorial House of Representatives Elyea, W.A. 1886 Hughes, J.G. 1870 Emery, Geo. W. 1888 1884 Hull, C.M. 1866 Englis, A. 1879 Humphrey, C.B. Evans, D.L. 1882 1874 Hunt, F.M. Everett, P. 1870 Hunter, Geo. W. 1886 Fay, Thomas 1868 Hussman, S.T. 1868 1872 Fenn, S.S. Jeffey, Thomas M. 1880 Fenn, F.A. 1886 Jeffreys, S.M. 1872 1866 Flournoy, A.W. 1865 Jenkins, M.R. 1882,1884 Fouch, D.W. 1879,1880,1884 Jones, David R. Fox, J.C. 1884 1888 Jordon, E.A. 1876 Froman, F.K. Keithly, W.R. 1863 Garrett, I.W. 1872,1880 1868 Kelley, Meridith 1886 Gee, R.W. Kelly, Milton 1863 1888 Kilborn, Marion Gilmore, G.W. 1876 King, William 1879,1884 1880 Gilson, J.J. Knight, J.W. 1866 1880 Girton, J.W. 1888 Kurtz, M.A. Goodnough, S. 1868 1884 Lamme, D.S. Goodrich, George 1886 1880 Langdon, S.J. Goodwin, M.H. 1884,1886 1882 Larimer, Robert 1888 Gorton, G.W. Larson, K. 1882 Goulder, W.A. 1864,1868 Latta, E.C. 1864 Gray, Thomas 1876,1879 Law, W.L. 1866 Gray, A.S. 1880 1863 Leland, Alonzo 1884 Green, W.B. 1886 Lewis, John S. 1876 Griffin, J.F. 1868 Linbeck, Lewis 1874 Groat, Wm. 1865,1874,1876,1884 Luney, M.G. Grunell, M.L. 1882 1888 Lyons, James 1886 Guheen, J.J. 1870 Marshall, R.W. 1870 Hall, E.B. Martin, J.M. 1888 Hall, Harvey B. 1872 Martindale, W.C. 1882,1884 Hammond, Ed 1876 Marx, V. 1868 Harbour, J.M. 1882 Maxon, H.J.G. 1879 Hardin, M.G. 1879 McCaleb, Jessie 1876 Harley, W.S. 1868 McCarty, J.H. 1874 Harris, J.C. 1866 1866 McDonald, A. Hart, Thomas B. 1868 McGrew, D.M. 1868 1876,1880 Hart, James H. 1864 McIntosh, J. 1876,1882 Hartley, H.K. McKern, W.F. 1884 1886 Hartwell, T.A. McMahon, P. 1872 1886 Harvey, R.S. 1866 McMillen, W.F. Hasbrouch, Solomon 1864 Meyer, A.L. 1879 Hatch, L.H. 1872 Mickey, F.M. 1882 1870 Hawley, J.H. 1863 Miller, L.C. Hays, Gilman 1870 Mintzer, O.W. 1888 1882 Haywood, James A. Mitcham, J.I. 1888 1880 Hedrick, J.M. 1866 Mitchell, A.P. 1880 Hibbs, I.N. Monroe, D.G. 1866 High, J.N. 1876 1868,1870 Mooney, D.B. 1872 Himrod, Chas. Moore, E.M. 1874 1864 Howard, W.H. Moore, Ed H. 1876 Hoyt, M.L. 1886 Morgan, J.W. 1870 Huffaker, A.T. 1872 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 216

227 (continued) Territorial House of Representatives Morse, Leonard D. 1876 Stalker, A.R. 1884 Mulkey, E. 1868 1864 Sterling, E.C. Myer, John H. 1876 1874 Stevenson, E.A. Nelson, C.T. 1874 Steward, C.W. 1874 Newsom, G.W. 1879 1866 Taylor, J.S. 1879,1880 Nichols, William 1882 Thatcher, J.B. 1876 Norcross, W.T. Thayer, W.W. 1866 Nordyke, B.J. 1866 1886 Thews, William B. 1866 Ohle, Henry 1865 Tiner, I.L. Onderdonk, James L. 1880 1872,1882 Tomer, G.W. Orr, James A. 1863 1870 Tompkins, J.J. 1864,1865,1866 Parkinson, W.H. Trauger, J.H. 1872 Parsons, G.M. 1872 True, E.B. 1880 1866 Paul, G.W. Tufts, James 1863 1879,1882 Pearson, Wm. C. Tuthill, F.C. 1874 1876 1880 Pefly, P.J. Tutt, P.A. Usher, W.P. 1870 1864,1865,1870,1874 Pierce, John B. Van Slyke, W.H. 1870 Points, F. 1876 1879 Varney, D.B. 1874 Pool, L. 1874 Waldrip, I.S. Porter, W.T. 1870 Ward, John 1876 1884 Quarles, J.P. 1888 Waring, Ira S. 1868 Quinn, P.S. Legislative Warriner, B.L. 1876 1864 Reed, T.M. 1884 Watson, J.K. 1874 Rett, W.H. 1879 Weatherman, P. 1879,1880 Rich, Joseph C. Webster, W.B. 1880 Richards, Geo. W. 1876 1876 Weiler, I.S. Riggs, H.C. 1864 West, John 1870 1865 Ripson, J.A. 1870 Wheeler, H.H. 1879,1882 Robb, R.H. 1886 Wheeler, C.B. Robbins, Orlando 1874 1888 Wheeler, Geo. P. Rohrer, John S. 1886 White, C.R. 1874 Sampson, Geo. W. 1888 White, J.W. 1874,1879 1888 Sanburn, J. Rand Wickersham, J.H. 1870 Sargent, I.C. 1888 Willey, N.B. 1872 1865 Sayrs, C.D. Williams, Jefferson 1870 Van Schaick, J.H. 1888 1884 Williams, W.S.M. Shaw, T.B. 1886 Wilmot, L.P. 1884 Sheperd, W.N.B. 1884 Wilson, E.M. 1882 1868 Shoemaker, F.M. 1882 Wilson, J.P. Short, J.M. 1872 Wood, John 1863 Shoup, Geo. L. 1874 1876,1880 Wood, R.L. Shoup, J.C. 1882 Wooley, H.S. 1882 1874 Sidebotham, R.A. Worky, E.J. 1865 1870 Silverwood, J.P. 1868 Wright, S.B. 1872 Simmondi, A.L. Wright, Amos R. 1882,1884 1884 Simpson, Chas. J. Yantis, B.J. 1870 1872 Sissins, J.B. 1870 Yantis, W.B. 1870 Smith, Julian 1879 Yantis, R.T. Smythe, M. 1865 1870 Yates, W.A. Spencer, Robt. 1879 Zeigle, V.S. 1868 1866 Stafford, George Ziegle, George 1864 Stalker, Alexander 1879,1880 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 217

228 Members of the Idaho Legislature 1890 – 2016 SENATE Abrahams, W. Dean 1973-1982 1931-1932 Barron, Chas. C. Adams, W. Lloyd 1919-1920 Barron, Lloyd F. 1959-1968 Adamson, D.E. 1935-1938 1913-1914 Barton, Edward M. Adamson, W.L. 1925-1926 1897-1898 Bassett, Thomas E. Agenbroad, Jeff 2016-2018 2007-2008 Bastian, Stan 1935-1936, 1967-1970, Aikele, Andreas Batt, Philip E. 1945-1946,1953-1958 1973-1978,1985-1988 Ainslie, Wm. 1899-1901 Baumann, Dave 2004-2006 Albertini, John 1951-1954 Baumhoff, Fred 1947-1950 1955-1960 Albrethsen, Holger 2012-2018 Bayer, Clifford R. Albrethsen, Martin 1923-1924 Beal, J. Burns 1963-1968 1951-1952 Alexander, Ray Bean, Woodrow W. 1965-1968 1901-1904 Allen, Edward 1985-1990, 1995 Beck, Rod 1971-1972 Allen, Joe F. Beers, Charles A. 1945-1946 Ambrose, George L. 1941-1946 1980-1992 Beitelspacher, Ronald J. Amestoy, Art M. 1959-1960 1977-1980 Bell, John J. “Jock” 1923-1924 Amonson, A.C. 1909-1910 Benham, John Anderson, E.H. 1937-1938 1925-1926 Bennett, Bash L. 1985-1990 Anderson, Larrey Bennett, John T. 1897-1898 1991-1992 1969-1970, Benson, Betty Andreason, John C. 1995-2012 Bergeson, F.W. “Bill” 1957-1960 1961-1966,1969-1970 Andrus, Cecil D. 1931-1932 Beymer, A.F. 1949-1950 Andrus, S. Reed Bierbower, Vincent 1895-1896 Anthon, Kelly Arthur 2016-2018 Bilyeu, C.E. “Chick” 1971-1994 Archibald, R.G. 1923-1924 1969-1970, 2007-2012 Bilyeu, Diane 1919-1922 Armstrong, E.P. 1967-1974 Bivens, David W. Atherton, S.P. 1917-1918 Black, Michael S. 1977-1980 Atwood, J.P. 1937-1938 Blackbird, Gerald V. 1979 1981-1982 Auld, James M. 1986-1992 Blackbird, Mike 1961-1966 Ausich, Joseph L. “Joe” Blackstock, Adam H. 1949-1958 Bagley, Frederick R. 1967-1970 Blair, Garrison G. 1931-1932 1941-1954 Bahr, John H. Blake, J. Bruce 1935-1938 1899-1901 Bailey, Jeremiah W. 1959-1966 Blick, George L. 2003-2004 Bailey, Kent M. 1995-2002 Boatright, Clyde Bailey, Robert G. 1941-1942 Bock, Les 2009-2014 Bair, R. Steven 2006-2018 1949-1952 Bolton, W.E. Baird, E.D. 1939-1942 Booth, C.W. 1919-1920 1903-1904, Borden, C.F. 1913-1914 1917-1922, Baker, Charles F. 1959-1962 Bottolfsen, C.A. 1925-1932,1935-1936 1921-1924 Boughton, E.V. Baldridge, H.C. 1913-1914 Bowen, Arthur M. 1909-1910 1897-1898 Ballentine, James M. Bowman, Earl W. 1915-1916 1897-1898,1901-1904 Ballantine, James W. Boyce, Edward 1895-1896 1945-1950, 2006-2018 Brackett, Bert Bandelin, Glenn E. 1953-1954,1959-1960 1917-1918 Bradbury, W.A. Bane, S.P. 1917-1918 Bradshaw, Kenneth 1977-1982 Barker, John M. 1967-1984 1958 Branch, Milton 1933-1936, 1995-2002 Branch, W. Ric Barlow, Kimber C. 1939-1944,1953-1962 Brandt, R. Skipper 2001-2006 Barnum, Guy C. 1897-1898 "Skip" Barrett, George G. 1925-1930 Brainard, Robert L. 1943-1944 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 218

229 (continued) Senate Branstetter, H.C. 1890-1893 1961-1962 Campbell, Rollie L. Brassey, Vernon K. 1969-1978,1981-1982 Cannon, O.E. 1939-1950 Bray, Gail Etheridge 1983-1989 1939-1940,1953-1960 Cardiff, Leonard Breier, Jr., C.J. 1943-1944 1899-1901 Carey, Michael Bremer, George A. 1915-1916 Carlson, Herb 1983-1993 1939-1940 Brenn, Harry A. 1947-1948 Carson, Wm. 1890-1893, 1915-1916 Carter, D.L. Brigham, John Warren 1899-1901,1903-1904 Carter, Ronald G. 1979-1980 Broadsword, Joyce M 2005-2012 Caseman, R.H. 1941-1942 Brocke, G.F. 1949-1950 Cathcart, E.O. 1945-1946 1935-1938 Brookman, E.A. Caton, Elijah F. 1903-1904 1987-1992 Brooks, Karl B. 1993-1994 Chamberlain, Barbara 1965-1970 Brooks, Mary T. Chapman, Gary 1983-1986 Brown, Baldwin F. 1939-1940,1945-1948 1961-1966,1971-1980 Chase, Cyril C. “Cy” 1923-1924,1937- Chase, George 1947-1948 Brown, Carl E. 1940,1945-1948 1993-1994 Childers, Phil Brown, Geo. L. 1959-1960 1935-1936 Choules, Albert Brown, John G. 1893-1894 1919-1922,1925-1926 Christenson, Andrew 1895-1896 Brown, Robert S. Christiansen, H.J. “Jim” 1987-1990 Brown, Warren H. 1899-1901 Church, Daniel W. 1969-1974 1969-1974 1923-1924,1927-1930 Clapp, Frank Buckner-Webb, Cherie 2012-2018 1933-1936 Clark, Chase A. Legislative 1969-1986 Budge, Reed W. Clark, Edward M. 1923-1924 Budge, William 1899-1901 Clark, Louis 1901-1902 Buller, Reginald F. 1907-1908 1921-1922,1927-1934 Clark, S.K. Bunderson, Harold R. 1923-1924 Clark, Solon B. 1993-2006 "Hal" Clark, T.E. 1949-1950 Bundy, Wm. H. 1915-1916 1921-1922 Clark, W.W. Burgan, Fred L. 1893-1894 1903-1904 Clark, Wilford W. Burge, Ray O. 1961-1964 Clemm, Lester V. 1979-1982 Burgher, Charles H. 1941-1946 1911-1912 Coates, George T. 2014-2018 Burgoyne, Grant Cobbs, Lyle R. 1971-1978 1989-1992, 1937-1938 Coe, John Knox Burkett, Michael 2003-2008 Coffin, J.C. 1923-1928 1921-1922 Burkey, C.R. 2005-2010 Coiner, Charles H. 1951-1952 Burns, J.K. 1965-1966 Collett, Harold 1949-1956 Burstedt, Seth 1947-1948,1951-1954 Collin, Charles Burt, Carl R. 1959-1960 Compton, Richard 2003-2006 1959-1960 Burtenshaw, Claude "Dick" 1997-2006 Burtenshaw, Don M. 1933-1938 Conner, T. Dan 1935-1938 Burtenshaw, L.L. 1949-1956,1961-1962 Cook, Eldon W. 1947-1962 Buxton, O.J. Cooke, Karen 1989 1901-1902 Bybee, Robert L. Cooper, Fred M. 1953-1962 Cady, Dale 1947-1948 Corder, Tim Sr. 2005-2012 Calabretta, Martha 1985-1992, Corey, I.N. 1925-1926 “Marti” 2003-2004 Coryell, George 1897-1898 1949-1950,1957-1958 Call, Bert 1949-1954 Costley, Wm. J. Callahan, Donald A. 1923-1934 1897-1898 Coughanour, W.A. 1990-2015 Cameron, Dean L. 1923-1924 Cowles,, C.F. Campbell, Arthur 1949-1950 Cox, Jr., J. Ray 1957-1962 Campbell, Crabtree, Carl 2016-2018 1947-1952 Marguerite A. 1975-1980 Craig, Larry E. Campbell, Robert 1893-1894 Crapo, Michael D. 1984-1992 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 219

230 (continued) Senate Crawford, Harold J. 1965-1966 Donart, James B. 1959-1962 Crea, William J. 1941-1946 1989-1992 Donesley, Brian N. 1925-1928 Crockett, Geo. E. 1897-1898,1901-1902 Donnelly, Simon P. Crookham, William 1971-1972 1935-1936 Dow, Robert E. Crooks, E.A. 1923-1924 Drevlow, W.E. 1955-1958 Crow, Gordon 1995-2000 Driggs, Don C. 1917-1918 1903-1906 Crum, George E. Dunklin, Betsy 1997-2002 Crutcher, William G. 1967-1972 Dunn, Lloyd C. 1965-1966 1977-1988 Crystal, Vearl C. 1913-1914 Dunning, Dow 1917-1918 Cummings, B.A. 2013-2014 Durst, Branden J. Cunningham, John W. 1895-1896 1925-1926 Duvall, O.P. 1933-1934 Cunningham, M.F. Eames, David G. 1917-1918,1923-1924 Curtis, George H. 1917-1918 1899-1901 Easton, Charles F. 1955-1960 Daniel, Vernon R. Eckersell, A.B. 1937-1940 1903-1904,1911-1912 Daniels, J.E. 1919-1920 Eckert, Jacob L. Edgington, George 1913-1914 1959-1966 Daniels, Russell O. Egbert, Richard A. 1963-1980 1995-2001 Danielson, Judi 1953-1954 Eimers, G.W. Darrah, Joseph S. 1905-1906 1915-1916 Elliott, E.E. Darrington, Denton 1983-2012 1917-1918 Elliott, Thos. Davis, A.W. 1939-1940,1943-1946 1965-1976 Ellsworth, James 1998-2018 Davis, Bart M. Ellsworth, W. Fisher 1969-1972 Davis, Carl A. 1909-1910 Erb, R.S. 1935-1940 Davis, David William 1913-1914 Eskelin, Dave 1973-1974 Davis, Dennis 1989-1994 1957-1958 Evans, Blaine F. Davis, Elmer 1919-1920,1933-1934 1903-1904,1923-1924 Evans, David L. 1957-1960 Davis, Nora L. 1933-1934 Evans, F.B. 1951-1954 Davis, Ray J. 1953-1958,1967-1974 Evans, John V. 1897-1898 Davis, Samuel T. 1917-1918,1931-1934 Evans, Sr., L.L. 1897-1898 Davis, Thomas A. 1980-1990 Fairchild, Roger 1895-1896 Day, Cassius M. Fairchild, Sherman D. 1913-1914 Day, George A. 1903-1908 1919-1920, Day, Jerome J. 1909-1912,1915-1916 Faraday, Charles B. 1927-1928,1931-1932 DeLamar, J.R. 1890-1893 1951-1952 Farthing, Glenn DeVoe, Carl W. 1931-1934,1937-1940 1921-1922 Featherstone, A.H. Deal, Edson H. 1941-1950 1939-1940 Field, J.R. Dee, William J. 1961-1966 1913-1914 Fields, George Defenbach, Bryon S. 1913-1914 Finch, John A. 1890-1893 1967-1968 Defenbach, Will S. 1911-1912 Fisher, George H. Deide, Darrel 1997-2002 Fisher, J.T. 1921-1922 1890-1893 Dempsey, Stephen Fitz, G.G. 1915-1916 2014-2018 Den Hartog, Lori 1943-1948 Floan, Leonard K. Denman, Alvin 1937-1938 Floyd, William L. 1981-1983 1937,1939-1942, Derr, Alfred M. Fogg, Frank E. 1899-1901 1955-1958 1941-1944 Foreman, D.I. Derr, Hattie 1937-1938 Foreman, Dan 2016-2018 1951-1954 Detweiler, W.H. Forsgren, J. Clifford 1963-1966 1895-1896 Dewey, E.H. 1901-1902 Fox, Nelson D. Disney, Frank T. 1921-1924 Frasure, Evan 1993-2002 Dissmore, W.A. 1929-1932 1915-1916 Frazier, Jas. H. Dobler, Norma 1977-1986 Fredericksen, Don G. 1959-1966,1969-1972 1903-1904 Dolman, Peter R. Freehafer, A.L. 1909-1912,1929-1934 Donahue, Dennie 1957-1960 Freeman, Frank 1953-1954 Donart, George 1933-1940,1943-1946 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 220

231 (continued) Senate Friend, C.H. 1935-1938 1987-1998 Hansen, John D. 2005-2014 Fulcher, Russell 1937-1942 Hansen, N.W. 1915-1916 Fuller, Hiram G. 1967-1968 Hansen, Orval 1989-1992 Furness, Rex L. Hansen, Rodney A. 1955-1966 2003-2008 Gannon, Tom 1925-1932,1939-1940 Hanson, Alma 1953-1954,1957-1960 Gaffney, Ernest F. 1955-1958 Hanson, H. Max 1935-1936 Gardner, David I. 1973-1974 Hanson, Ivan A. 1925-1928 Gardner, H.G. 1986-1988 Hanson, Jerry J. Garry, Joseph R. 1967-1968 1913-1914 Hanson, Walter 1951-1952 Geaudreau, Guy L. Harding, Ralph J. 1915-1918,1921-1922 1995-2010 Geddes, Robert L. 1925-1926 Hargrove, C.C. Geddes, W. Stewart 1945-1948 Harn, Harry R. 1937-1944,1965-1966 1929-1936 Gibson, Wesley 1897-1898,1923-1924 Harris, Frank 1985-1990 Gilbert, Rachel S. 1939-1948 Harris, Frank W. 2015-2018 Gilchrist, Robert 1919-1922 Harris, Mark 1911-1912 Harris, Simon Giles, Charles 1937-1938 Harrison, Benjamin F. 1933-1934 1937-1938,1941-1946 Gillette, Francis C. Hart, Alfred A. 1919-1920,1933-1934 Glauner, Wm. 1935-1938 1905-1910,1913-1916 Hart, Jr., John W. Glenn, Fred 1963-1966 Hartung, Mary 1990-1995 1925-1926 Glennon, L.E. 1975-1980 Hartvigsen, Lester A. 2001-2014 Goedde, John W Hasbrouck, Herman J. 1909-1910 Goff, Abe 1941-1942 Legislative 1927-1928 Hastings, Charles 1895-1896 Golden, George D. Hastings, Fred W. 1905-1906 1899-1901 Gooding, Frank R. 1991-1994 Haun, Terry A. 1901-1902,1911-1912 Gooding, Fred W. 1991-2002 Hawkins, Stan 1909-1910,1913-1914 Goodnight, Jacob L. 1937-1938 Hayden, Norman 1951-1956 Goodwin, Frank E. 1915-1916 Hayes, E.K. Gould, Gary H. 1981-1983 1899-1901 Hays, Charles M. Graham, Guy 1923-1924 Heagle, Lawrence F. 1939-1948 Graham, James E. 1941-1950 Heath, Albert 1903-1904 1915-1916 Graham, W.E. 1937-1942, 1915-1918 Grant, Ernest M. Heath, Thomas 1953-1958,1961-1962 1929-1932 Graves, Fred C. Hechtner, Howard D. 1953-1962 1890-1893 Gray, John S. Hedrick, Joseph G. 1913-1914 1927-1932 Grebe, George W. 1899-1902,1919-1922 Hegsted, Victor C. 1947-1948 Greene, R.T. 2010-2018 Heider, Lee Greenwood, Chas. O. 1927-1928 Heinrich, Leland G. Gunn, James 1890-1893 2007-2010 "Lee" 1947-1948 Gustafsen, Fred 1917-1920 Heiss, W.A. Guthrie, Jim 2012-2018 Heitfeld, Henry 1895-1898 1947-1948 Haddock, D.E. 1933-1936,1943-1944 Henderson, Ben W. Hagan, Chris A. 1925-1930 Henderson, J.W. 1925-1928 2012-2018 Hagedorn, Marv 1987-1988 Herndon, Steve 1931-1932 Haggerty, Geo. 1947-1948 Herrick, W.H. 1945-1948 Haight, Charles C. Hersley, George 1945-1946 Haight, Hector C. 1909-1914 1905-1906 Hiatt, Walter F. Hailey, O.E. 1919-1926 Hicks, Orla 1949-1950 1925-1932 Halferty, R.B. 1967-1980 High, Richard S. Hall, W. Scott 1939-1942 2000-2018 Hill, Brent Hamilton, Clark 1949-1954 Hill, Geo. E. 1917-1918 2007-2012 Hammond, Jim Hinkleman, Adolph 1939-1940 1895-1896 Hanrahan, James Hinton, Walter J. 1925-1926,1935-1936 1987-1995 Hansen, Dennis S. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 221

232 (continued) Senate Hitt, Houston T. 1937-1938 Johnson, Hannibal F. 1893-1894 Hoff, Jr., Theodore 1953-1958 1915-1916 Johnson, James 1959-1960 Hoggan, J. Reid 1913-1914 Johnson, P.W. 1931-1932 Holden, J. Wesley Johnson, Peter 1929-1930 Holden, Wm. S. 1939-1940 1949-1952,1955-1960 Johnston, W. Evert 1899-1901 Hooper, James Jones, D.P. 1947-1952 Hoopes, George A. 1931-1934 Jones, Henry 1905-1906 Horfman, Frank F. 1943-1944 Jones, Louis D. 1901-1902 Hornibrook, Wm. H. 1911-1912 Jones, Seth D. 1921-1924 Horsch, Dwight W. 1985-1986 1923-1924 Jones, T.D. Horsman, W. Sam 1931-1934 Jorgenson, Michael 2005-2010 "Mike" 1901-1902 Houlahan, Alexander Jordan, Fred W. 1909-1910 Houtz, K.D. 1915-1916 2015-2018 Jordan, Maryanne 1931-1934 Howard, Mack 1975-1978 Judd, Claud R. 1921-1922 Howarth, Geo. W. Judd, F.H. 1919-1920 1927-1928 Howe, C. Fred 1935-1938 Just, James Howe, Don 1965-1966 Kaline, Axel 1915-1916 Howe, J. Morris 1893-1894 1973-1974 Katseanes, George 1941-1942 Howell, Glenn 1967-1968 Kaufman, Sam Huffman, Claude 1923-1924 Keith, James R. 1921-1924 1917-1918 Hughes, J.H. Keith, John E. 1927-1934 Hulbert, H.W. 1967-1968 1955-1958 Keithly, Tom J. 1905-1906 Hull, John J. Keller, Luis S. 1897-1898 Humphreys, W.R. 1945-1946 1937-1940 Kelley, A.D. Hunt, Frank W. 1893-1894 2005-2010 Kelly, Kate 1931-1932 Hunt, George W. Kennedy, Fred 2003-2004 Hunt, James Frank 1909-1910,1913-1914 1996-2018 Keough, Shawn A. Hunt, Ralph S. 1921-1922 1909-1912 Kerns, Abner G. 1921-1922 Hunter, C.S. 1991-1996 Kerrick, David E. Hurlburt, H.M. 1925-1926 Kerrick, J.E. 1919-1922 Hutton, Angus P. 1915-1916 1969-1972 Kidwell, Wayne L. 1987-1990 Hyde, Norris J. Kiebert, Kermit V. 1975-1987 Ingalls, James L. 1949-1952 Kiefer, Henry W. 1903-1904 1917-1918 Ingard, D.L. 1921-1922 King, O.W. Ingram, Cecil D. 1993-2004 King-Barrutia, Robbi 1997-2002 1993-2002 Ipsen, Grant R. 1973-1977 Kinghorn, Robert C. Irwin, Carl D. 1945-1958 1901-1902 Kinkaid, John Isaacson, J.M. 1925-1926,1929-1932 1917-1918 Kinsolving, C.J. 1917-1918 Jackson, Roscoe N. Kirkpatrick, Ed. H. 1923-1926,1933-1934 Jackson, William A. 1951-1952,1955-1958 Klein, Edith Miller 1969-1982 1907-1908 Jacobs, E.E. 1925-1928 Knox, Walter 1897-1898 James M., Ballentine 1933-1934 Korter, W.L. Jenny, J.F. 1935-1936 1975-1976 Kress, Stan Jensen, A.I. 1933-1934 1925-1926 LaValle, Victor 1907-1908 Jensen, Denmark 1983-1990 Lacy, Ralph E. 1927-1928,1937-1938 Jensen, J.Peter Lacey, Roy 2012-2016 Jensen, Marion “Pete” 1949-1951 1935-1936,1939-1940 Lafrenz, Frank H. 1945-1946 Jensen, Parley P. 2012-2018 Lakey, Todd M. 1927-1928 Jeppson, Royal M. 1905-1906 Lamb, John 1890-1893 Jewell, Edward S. 1929-1930 Lamme, W.J. Johnson, A.R. 1919-1922 Langhorst, David 2005-2008 1913-1914 Johnson, Adams G. Langrish, J.S. 1890-1893 2011-2018 Johnson, Dan G. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 222

233 (continued) Senate Lannen, Vernon T. 1979-1986 McBride, Jack 1955-1956 Larsen, Allan F. 1991-1992 1905-1906 McBride, Robt. W. Larsen, C.W. 1937-1938 McCabe, A.R. 1947-1948 Lau, Daniel J. 1923-1934,1937-1938 McCann, Dorothy 1977-1978 2014-2018 Lee, Abby 1907-1908 McClear, J.L. Lee, Robert R. 1995-2002 McCloud, A.F. 1915-1916 1919-1920 Lee, Wm. A. McClure, James A. 1961-1966 1911-1914 Lee, Worth S. 1907-1908 McCutcheon, O.E. 1977-1980 Leese, James A. McDermott, Patricia L. 1991-1992 2009-2012 LeFavour, Nicole McDevitt, John A. 1909-1910 Leisy, Williard 1943-1944 1899-1901 McDonald, James J. 1915-1916 Lenz, J.G. McGee, John T. 2005-2012 Leslie, W.A. 1931-1932 McIntosh, Ewen 1907-1908 1905-1906, McKague, Shirley 2007-2012 Lewis, Maris E. 1917-1918,1923-1924 2002-2016 McKenzie, Curt 1925-1926 Line, Geo. A. McKinney, John 1921-1922 Lippincott, J.A. 1899-1901 1919-1920 McKown, John Little, Brad 2001-2008 1983-2000 McLaughlin, Marguerite Little, David 1975-1986 1959-1964 McLeod, Donald 1955-1958 Litton, Ralph McMillan, John 1907-1908 1991-1994 Lloyd, Mary Ellen McMurray, John 1919-1930 Lodge, Patti Anne 2000-2018 1899-1901 McMurrin, James L. Legislative Logue, Fred S. 1917-1918 McPherson, James 1893-1894 Loosli, Dimond 1935-1936 McPherson, Murd 1943-1944 1957-1968 Lough, Harold 1890-1893 McPherson, W.M. Loveland, Don C. 1963-1968 1989-1996 McRoberts, B. Joyce 1917-1920 Lowe, J.F. 1985-1988 McRoberts, Darrel S. Lowe, S.T. 1917-1918 McWilliams, Ron 2003-2004 Lowe, Sylvester T. 1915-1916 1947-1950, Meadows, Vard W. 1953-1960,1965-1966 1949-1952 Lowry, L. Cotty Means, M.A. 1923-1924 Luck, Charles W. 1913-1914 Meek, Benjamin A. 1951-1952 Luekenga, R.E. 1953-1954 1931-1932 Meffan, Geo. A. MacDonald, James A. 1963-1964 1941-1942 Melcher, Glee Macbeth, Ravenel 1901-1902,1905-1916 Mendenhall, Wm. H. 1915-1916 Mackin, Don 1987-1990 1977-1983 Merrill, Israel “Is” 1988-1990, Madsen, Roger B. 1993-1995 Metcalf, Frank 1933-1936 Malapeai, Edgar J 2003-2012 Middlemist, Edward S. 1949-1958 Manley, Art 1967-1972,1975-1980 Miller, Josiah E. 1893-1894 1971-1972 Manning, Darrell V. Miller, Neil J. 1971-1972 Manwill, F.L. 1941-1948 1895-1896 Miller, Tannis E. 1907-1908 Manz, Henry O. 1951-1952 Miller, W.A. 1981-1990 Marley, Bert W. Miller, W.G. 1935-1936 2001-2006 Marley, Bert C. 1959-1960 Mills, Robert H. Martin, Fred S. 2012-2018 Mitcham, J.I. 1893-1894 Mason, Ross 1919-1920 Mitchell, Mike P. 1971-1982 1919-1920, 1911-1912,1917-1918, Mason, Tracy R. Mitchell, Perry W. 1937-1938,1941-1942 1933-1936,1939-1948 1925-1926,1935-1936 May, Joseph E. 1929-1930 Mitchell, W.B. 1939-1940 May, R.C. Mix, John P. 1969-1972 1893-1894 Mayhew, Alexander E. 1921-1922 Mix, Ulysses S. Mays, Robert G. 1931-1934 Monroe, Finley 1929-1930 McAteer, Thomas F. 1967-1970 Monson, Ezra P. 1921-1922 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 223

234 (continued) Senate Montgomery, 1939-1940 Olsen, Martha E. 1915-1916 Alexander B. 1947-1950 Orme, E. Dean 1901-1902 Moody, Chas. S. 1919-1922 Orme, S.W. Moody, George 1955-1956 1991-1992 Osborne, F. Edward Moore, Carl C. 1963-1966 Owen, E.A. 1941-1942 Moore, Frank L. 1901-1902 Owens, R.T. 1919-1920 1933-1934 Moore, John L. Paddock, E.A. 1921-1922 Moore, William C. 1947-1948,1951-1954 Page, Alfred 1905-1906 1981-1984 Moore, William E. “Bill” 1911-1912,1927-1928 Page, O.F. 1953-1954 Morgan, J.I. 1955-1960 Palmer, Lester C. Morris, B.F. 1893-1894 1959-1964 Parkins, Arlie L. 1945-1946 Morris, Victor T. Parkinson, George C. 1895-1896 Mortimer, Dean M. 2008-2018 1981-2000 Parry, Atwell J. “At” 1893-1894 Moss, Frank C. Parsley, Merle D. 1967-1968 Moss, Hyrum T. 1953-1956 Patrick, Jim 2012-2018 1899-1901 Mulliner, Joseph S. 1955-1956 Patterson, Elmo Murdock, Leo D. 1951-1956 Pearce, Monty J. 2001-2014 Murphy, Arthur P. 1957-1977 1919-1920 Pearson, B.A. 1953-1954,1957-1966 Murphy, Jack M. Peavey, John T. 1971-1976,1981-1994 1931-1932 Murray, Dave Pence, Arthur 1903-1904,1907-1908 1895-1896 Myer, Charles A. Peters, Wm. A. 1935-1936 Myers, Maurice M. 1927-1928 1917-1920,1931-1934 Pettibone, Nathaniel B. Naegle, A.W. 1953-1962 1929-1930 Philbrick, W.H. Nally, Vincent A. 1961-1966 Phillips, Clarence H. 1949-1952 Nash, I.H. 1919-1920 1897-1898 Pierce, James M. Neagle, A.W. 1957-1958 1923-1924,1927-1928 Pike, Walter F. 1939-1944 Neale, Floyd W. 1917-1918 Pincock, John E. 1931-1932, 1933-1934 Platt, O.D. Neil, James H. 1935-1938,1943-1944 Poage, Frank I. 1927-1928 Neill, Robert 1893-1894 1923-1924 Pollard, O.W. Nelson, Edwin 1925-1930 Poole, Charles W. 1911-1912 Nelson, Gus 1933-1934 1943-1944,1961-1962 Poole, John T. Nelson, Perry Albert 1941-1942 1919-1922 Porter, E.W. Nelson, Ralph S. 1917-1920,1927-1932 1911-1912 Potts, C.H. Nelson, Thomas F. 1897-1898 1961-1964 Prather, Watt E. 1991-1992 Newcomb, Russell W. 1969-1970 Preston, Joe Newcomb, Walter 1925-1930 1909-1912 Preston, Thomas Newell, E.L. 1939-1940 Price, J.D. 1943-1946 Newell, Warren 1903-1904 1899-1901 Price, Joseph R. 1933-1940 Newport, James B. 1915-1918 Proctor, George R. 1943-1944,1947-1948 Nichols, Walter C. 1901-1902,1909- Pugmire, Edward M. 2003-2005 Noble, Jack 1912,1915-1916 Nock, Harry 1949-1952,1955-1964 Pugmire, George 1939-1942 Noggle, G.E. 1921-1922 Purcell, L.I. 1935-1938 1981-2004 Noh, Laird Purtill, James A. 1901-1904 Nonini, Robert P. “Bob” 2012-2018 1933-1936 Rabdau, Joe 1905-1908 Nugent, Charles H. 1955-1956 Radford, George R. Nuxoll, Sheryl L. 1985-1986 Rakozy, Bernie R. 2010-2016 “Sherry” 1917-1918 Randall, F.S. Nye, Mark 2016-2018 Ransom, Richard 1951-1954 1929-1930 Nye, John A. Rasmussen, John A. 1959-1964 1903-1904 O’Neil, Bernard F. Rasor, John W. 1953-1956 O’Neill, Thomas B. 1917-1918 Rath, Wm. E. 1937-1940 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 224

235 (continued) Senate Ray, D.C. 1937-1938 1963-1966 Ryan, Harold L. Reed, Bert A. 1925-1926 1935-1936, Ryan, Philip 1939-1940,1945-1946 1913-1914 Reed, Don 1983-1990 Rydalch, Ann Reed, J. Loe 1921-1924 1961-1966 Samuelson, Donald W. Reed, Mary Lou 1985-1996 1939-1942 Sanborn, John C. 1925-1934 Reed, T.B. 1961-1970 Sandberg, J. Cecil Reents, Sue 1989-1996 1995-2002 Sandy, John 1895-1898 Rees, John E. 1971-1976 Saxvik, Robert 1921-1924 Rehberg, F.H. Scanlin, Cynthia 1991-1992 Reid, J.W. 1925-1926 2010-2016 Schmidt, Dan J Reilly, Terry 1983-1984 Schouweiler, Austin 1943-1946 1925-1926 Reineke, H. Schroeder, Gary J. 1994-2010 1927-1930,1933-1940 Reynolds, Fred O. Schwendiman, Harvey 1951-1954,1963-1966 Rhodes, James M. 1941-1946 Schwiebert, Erwin 1951-1952 2010-2018 Rice, Jim Schwieder, A.W. 1943-1944 1935-1942 Rich, Ed. C. 1919-1922 Seaver, Joseph H. 1897-1898 Rich, Joseph C. Seeley, J.R. 1961-1966 Rich, Roscoe C. 1931-1932 Severson, Hyrum 1923-1924,1927-1928 Rich, William L. 1905-1908 1929-1934 Shafer, W. Porter 1907-1908 Richards, A.A. Shawhan, Benj. P. 1909-1912 Richardson, Melvin M. 1993-2008 Shawver, Ellis 1955-1958 "Mel" Legislative 1945-1948 Shawver, Ralph E. Richmond, R.R. 1925-1926 1913-1914,1917-1918 Shepherd, Joseph R. Ricks, Mark G. 1979-1994 1917-1918 Shields, Jas. W. 1915-1916 Ricks, Nathan Shimp, Harry C. 1935-1936 1927-1928,1935-1940 Rigby, Lorenzo Y. 1890-1893 Shoup, James M. 1965-1972 Rigby, Ray W. 1909-1910 Shoup, Walter C. Riggs, Jack 1997-2001 1931-1932 Shuldberg, Wm. A. Riggs, Sam D. 1933-1934 1939-1940 Siddoway, J.C. 1923-1926 Rigney, J.D. Siddoway, Jeff C. 2006-2018 Ringert, William F. 1983-1988 “Bill” Sims, Henry 1919-1920 Ririe, James E. 1945-1948 1937-1942,1955-1964 Sims, Howard 1975-1988, 1995- 2001-2002 Sims, Kathy Risch, James E. 2002 1941-1942 Sims, Ray Roberts, T.J. 1949-1950 Sinclair, E.W. 1925-1930 Robertson, Alexan- 1951-1952 Slusser, K.P. 1895-1896 der S. Smith, E.W. “Dick” 1961-1964,1973-1978 1919-1920,1927-1932 Robertson, John D. Smith, Edward C. 1890-1893 1939-1944 Robins, C.A. Smith, Garfield 1941-1942 1913-1914 Robinson, C.A. 1895-1896, Smith, Gilbert F. Robison, Kenneth L. 1979-1980 1899-1901,1903-1904 Rockwell, Irvin E. 1915-1918,1929-1930 Smith, John L. 1901-1902 1961-1968 Roden, William C. 1905-1906 Smith, Leander W. 1890-1893 Rogers, George B. Smith, M.W. 1921-1922 1947-1948 Roholt, Chris 1983-1990 Smyser, C.A. “Skip” 1895-1896 Rounds, Ruel 2009-2012 Smyser, Melinda 1931-1932 Rowe, Burton C. 1991-1992 Snodgrass, Sally E. Rowett, Robert M. 1967-1970 1937-1938 Snook, Frederick E. Rowton, Joshua G. 1909-1910 Snook, Melvin 1949-1952 1941-1942 Rudd, George Snow, Orval M. 1973-1976 1893-1894 Ruick, Norman M. Soelberg, E.J. 1947-1952 Russell, William A. 1905-1906 Solberg, Nels L. 1967-1972 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 225

236 (continued) Senate Sonner, W.I. 1921-1924 Thorne, J.L. “Jerry” 1985-2002 Sorensen, Harry D. 1949-1952 1949-1950 Thornton, W.C. 1993-2004 Sorensen, Sheila 1941-1944 Thorpe, S.L. Souza, Mary 2014-2018 1919-1920 Thrailkill, Louis W. Spahn, Karl O. 1927-1930 Tibbitts, Wayne E. 1963-1966 Spaulding, J.A. 1909-1910 Tippits, John H. 2011-2016 1911-1912 St. Clair, Clency Tominaga, Lynn S. 1985-1991 St. Clair, John 1919-1920 Toryanski, Mitch 2011-2012 1933-1934 Stacey, Morris 1923-1932 Transtrum, Ola 1899-1901 Stacy, James N. 1963-1964 Transtrum, Whitney J. Staker, E. Lee 1985-1992 1927-1930 Treiber, William 1923-1924 Stanger, A.E. Trounson, Wes 1983-1984 Starr, Clyde 1947-1954 1907-1908 Truitt, Warren 1905-1906,1915-1916 Steele, James E. Tucker, Tim 1989-1996 1919-1920 Turner, C.E. Steen, John E. 1895-1896 Turner, Frederick H. 1897-1898 1953-1954,1971-1982 Steen, J. Wilson Turner, John W. 1897-1898 1945-1950,1955-1962 Steenson, Nellie Cline 1901-1902 Turner, Theo Stegner, Joe 1999-2012 1985-2000 Twiggs, Jerry T. Stennett, Michelle 2010-2018 1977-1982 Twilegar, Ron J. Stennett, W. Clinton 1995-2010 1919-1920 Tyler, J.W. 1901-1902 Stephens, Jos. C. Underwood, John L. 1890-1894 Stevenson, Andrew B. 1903-1904 Urdohl, Alexander 1897-1898 Stevenson, Robert H. 1917-1918 Vaillancourt, L.J. 1923-1924 Stewart, George H. 1893-1894 1977-1982 Van Engelen, Dean 1989-1989 Stocks, John 1921-1922 Van Hoesen, D.W. 1969-1974 Stoicheff, James F. 1925-1934 Van Hoesen, E.G. 1955-1956 Storey, Ray F. 1907-1908 Van Irons, William Stratton, Owen T. 1931-1936 1907-1908 Van Sicklin, Edward A. 1967-1976 Summers, H. Dean 1931-1932 VanWinkle, Roy 1921-1928 Sutcliffe, Ray L. VanHoesen, D.W. 1923-1924 Sutphen, D.H. 1923-1924 Vance, George 1988-1992 Sverdsten, Terry 1981-1988 Verner, Reese E. 1979-1980 Swanstrum, W.P. 1929-1934 Vick, Steve 2010-2018 Sweeley, Marlin J. 1909-1910 Vincent, J.F. 1929-1930 Sweeney, Bruce L. 1983-1998 Von Harten, Rust 1909-1910 Sweet, Edward S. 1915-1916 1907-1908 Waldrip, Elmer Sweet, Gerry 2003-2006 Walker, John W. 1905-1906 1913-1914 Sweet, Hiram 1917-1920 Walker, W.S. 1969-1982 Swenson, Leon H. Wall, Harry 1945-1950 1963-1966 Swisher, Perry Wallington, Hal L. 1961-1964 1973-1976 Tacke, E.H. “Jack” 1907-1908 Walters, L.R. Talboy, W.E. 1941-1942 Ward-Engelking, Janie 2013-2018 Tallman, A.V. 1925-1926 Ward, Ray O. 1953-1954 1943-1944 Tanner, G.L. 1967-1968 Ward, Willis R. Tapper, W.J. 1935-1940 Warren, George W. 1957-1960 1951-1952 Tate, David G. Watkins, Dane 1971-1986 1943-1950 Taylor, Fred M. 1895-1896 Watt, William D. 1905-1906 Taylor, Herman H. Watts, James G. 1893-1894,1899-1901 Thatcher, J. Kenneth 1951-1958 1905-1906 Wayman, W.M. 2012-2018 Thayn, Steven P. Webster, Bill 1965-1966,1969-1970 1915-1918,1921-1924 Thomas, L.R. Webster, James W. 1929-1930 Thompson, John B. 1943-1948 Wedgewood, George W. 1917-1920 Thompson, W.W. 1921-1922 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 226

237 Senate (continued) Weiler, I.S. 1890-1893 1935-1938 Wilson, R.B. 1949-1950 Welker, Herman 1941-1942 Wilson, Robert L. 1983-1984 Wellard, Jerry Wilson, W.J. 1943-1944 Wells, J.M. 1890-1893 2008-2018 Winder, Chuck Werk, Elliott 2003-2015 Wing, Wm. 1890-1893 Wetherell, R. Claire 1983-1984, 1987-1996 1939-1940 Wisner, George Wetherell, Robert M. Witty, Wm. H. 1919-1922 1951-1952,1955-1964 “Bob” Wolfe, W.H. 1943-1944 Wheeler, Ralph "Moon" 1995-2002 Wood, Thomas E. 1923-1926 1951-1954 Wherry, J. Ben 1963-1966 Wood, Jr., Jack A. Whitaker, Will F. 1909-1910 1929-1930,1933-1936 Woodward, Frank E. 1911-1912,1915-1922 Whitcomb, Enoch W. Worthman, Harry S. 1901-1902 White, Alfred L. 1971-1974 Wright, Earl S. 1945-1958 White, Gilbert J. 1929-1930 1899-1901 Wright, Frank S. 1890-1894 White, Greene Wright, Lee A. 1937-1938 1953-1956 White, Raymond L. Wunderlick, A.C. 1927-1928 White, W.W. 1943-1946 1923-1924 Wurtz, C.J. Whitewell, William C. 1907-1908 Yarbrough, Walter H. 1965-1986 Whitlow, W.W. 1945-1946 Yates, John E. 1911-1912 Whitman, E.D. 1921-1922 1919-1922,1925-1930 Yeaman, M.B Whitten, R.E. 1921-1930,1935-1938 Yensen, J.E. 1961-1966 Whitwell, William C. 1901-1904 Yost, Harry L. 1933-1936 Legislative Whitworth, Herbert K. 1963-1968 1973-1976 Yost, James A. Whitworth,Lin 1995-2001 Yost, John F. 1903-1904 1929-1932 Wiley, H.K. 1959-1962 Young, Cy Williams, D.I. 1949-1950 1959-1960 Young, Grant L. 1943-1946 Williams, Frank M. 1943-1944 Young, Jack 1967-1984 Williams, J. Marsden Young, James D. 1897-1898 1939-1950 Williams, Joseph E. 1941-1948 Young, James H. 2003-2006 Williams, J. Stanley Young, R.H. “Bill” 1957-1968 1911-1912 Williams, W.R. Zuck, O.G. 1915-1916 Williams, Walter W. 1933-1936,1941-1942 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1933-1938 Albrethsen, Adolph Abbott, Asa S. 1907-1908 1915-1918 Albrethsen, Martin Abbott, James 1975-1976 1991-1998 Alexander, John A. 1923-1924 Abercrombie, K.L. 1897-1898 Alford, Albert H. 1927-1928 Adam, F.S. 1897-1898 Allan, Sr., John F. Adams, Louis R. 1909-1910,1913-1914 Allan-Hodge, Adams, Richard L. 1980-1992 1985-1990 Elizabeth “Liz” 1899-1902 Adams, W. Edward Allard, William 1915-1916,1919-1920 Adamson, William L. 1917-1920 1901-1902 Allen, Andrew A. Adkison, J. Loyal 1905-1906 1955-1972 Allen, Ernest Adkison, John R. 1909-1910 1919-1920 Allen, George B. Agee, Harold 1965-1970 Allen, H.C. 1947-1950 Agenbroad, James 1941-1942 1923-1926 Allen, Howard E. Agidius, Lucinda L. 2013-2014 Allen, Kenneth 1939-1940 "Cindy" Allen, Orien V. 1905-1906 Ahrens, Pamela I. 1981-1995 Bengson Alley, Wm. 1901-1902 1905-1906 Ainey, D.W. Allington, John F. 1893-1894 2001-2002 Aikele, Janet 1893-1894 Allison, William CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 227

238 (continued) House of Representatives Baillie, Daniel 1917-1918 1917-1918 Allred, B. Harvey Baird, W.G. 1919-1920 Allred, Edgar M. 1911-1912 Baldridge, H.C. 1911-1912 Alltus, Jeff 1995-2000 Baldridge, M. Claire 1939-1940 Alvord, Adelbert A. 1909-1910 Baldwin, L.W. 1937-1938 Amador, Paul 2016-2018 1915-1916 Bales, J.F. Andersen, Allen 2003-2004 1893-1894 Ballantine, James W. Andersen, James H. 1931-1932 Ballantyne, Sam’l 1907-1908 Andersen, Rudy A. 1967-1976 1890-1893 Ballentine, James M. Anderson, Alfred 1921-1922 Bangs, Henry H. 1893-1894,1901-1902 1917-1926 Anderson, Alfred S. 1909-1910 Bangs, Henry M. 1901-1902 Anderson, Andrew S. 1923-1924 Barbee, J.H. 1915-1918 Anderson, Axel B. Barber, Sidman I. Anderson, Charles E. 1923-1924 1931-1932 Anderson, Christian 1907-1908,1923-1930 Barbieri, Vito 2010-2018 Anderson, Eric 2005-2014 Barker, Norman 1917-1918 Anderson, Ernest 1915-1918 Barlogi, James 1957-1958 Anderson, Eugene H. 1929-1930 Barlow, Rampton 1965-1966 1943-1944,1947-1948 Anderson, Jared Oliver 1977-1982 Barlow, W. Rusty Anderson, Jesse 1939-1940 1989-1992 Barnes, Lee Anderson, Joseph 1927-1932 Barraclough, Jack T. 1993-2006 1935-1936,1939-1942 Anderson, Leonard W. 1949-1954 Barrett, George G. Anderson, Lyle 1947-1948 1893-1894 Barrett, John S. Anderson, Neil A. 2012-2018 1993-2014 Barrett, Lenore Hardy Anderson, Ole A. 1903-1904,1907-1908 1973-1974 Barron, Charles L. Anderson, Randall L. 1939-1946 Barron, Lloyd F. 1939-1942,1945-1946 1905-1906,1909-1910 Anderson, Rufus J. Barry, Geo. W. 1907-1908,1917-1918 1893-1894 Anderson, Swan A. Barry, Harry W. 1933-1936 Anderst, Robert 2012-2018 2005-2006 Bastian, Stan Andreason, Roy C. 1945-1948 1977-1986,2010-2016 Bateman, Linden B. 1897-1898 Andrews, DeForest H. 1899-1901 Bates, Mark A. Andrus, Cowles 1927-1930 Bates, Ross W. 1917-1918 2004-2016 Andrus, Ken 2011-2016 Batt, Gayle L. Andrus, R. Howard 1949-1950,1963-1964 1965-1966 Batt, Phil Andrus, S. Reed 1935-1938,1941-1944 1963-1964 Batt, Jr., John W. 1953-1956 Annest, James 2003-2004 Bauer, Gary Antone, Steve 1969-1992 Bauer, Gus E. 1945-1946 Appel, W.H. 1925-1928 1995-1996 Baumann, Dave 1899-1901 Arbuckle, Charles H. 1927-1928 Baumgartner, John 1890-1893 Armstrong, Henry Baxter, J.L. 1925-1928 2016-2018 Armstrong, Randy 1895-1896 Baxter, John L. Arnzen, Dennis F. 1969-1972 Bayer, Clifford R. 2002-2012 "Cliff" Arstein, Oscar 1967-1968 Bayer, Dieter W. 1985-1986 Arthur, Edw. B. 1911-1912 Beal, J. Burns 1955-1958 Ashley, Jr., William 1903-1906 1923-1924 Beamer, D.L. Atkins, Frank L. 1937-1938 Bean, Harry R. 1937-1940 1925-1926 Atkins, Thomas J. Bean, Woodrow 1905-1906 Aulbach, Adam 1959-1962 “Woody” 1949-1950 Averill, W.S. Beardmore, Lucy 1923-1924 1899-1901 Averitt, Philetus 1897-1898 Beary, William H. 1905-1906 Avery, Harry Beasley, A.H. 1925-1926 Bagley, Fred 1965-1966 Beaudette, Edward 1899-1901 Bailey, R.H. 1921-1922 Beaudoin, Monica 1989-1993 1935-1940 Bailey, Robert G. 1941-1942 Beck, Ward L. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 228

239 (continued) House of Representatives Boyle, John P. 1923-1926 2000-2018 Bedke, Scott C. 2008-2018 Boyle, Judy Bedwell, J.B. 1923-1924 1931-1936 Boyle, Neil F. 1943-1944 Beers, Charles A. Brackett, Bert 2005-2008 1979-1980 Beitelspacher, Ronald J. 1975-1986 Brackett, Noy E. 1905-1906 Belcher, Norman Bradbury, Fred H. 1935-1938 1939-1940 Belknap, H.P. Bradford, B.P. 1911-1912 Bell, James K. 1911-1912 Bradford, Larry 2001-2008 Bell, Maxine T. 1988-2018 Bradley, Henry C. 1911-1914 1905-1906 Bell, Olney D. 1907-1908 Bradley, Lawson G. Bell, Tom 1943-1952 Brainard, Robert L. 1923-1932 1895-1896 Bennett, John T. 1923-1928 Brandt, John W. 1917-1920 Bennett, T.E. 1972-1976 Branson, Dale R. 1905-1908 Bennion, Wilford 1959-1966 Benson, Alvin B. Brassey, Barton A. 1957-1960 1893-1894 Benson, John D. Brassey, Vernon K. 1961-1964 Berain, Jesse S. 1993-1995 1947-1948 Brauer, Gus E. Bergeson, Bonnie 1972 1975-1990 Braun, Carl P. Bernard, Myrtle 1931-1932 Brauner, William J. 1965-1966,1969-1970 “Bill” Berry, Frank C. 1911-1912 Brennan, Don 1971-1972 Beyeler, Merrill 2014-2016 Brennan, J. Tim 1957-1958 1997-1999 Bieter, J. Patrick 1901-1902 Brennan, John R. 1999-2004 Bieter, David Legislative 1949-1952 Brewer, Glen 2005-2012 Bilbao, Carlos Briggs, J.B. 1890-1893 Bishop, Russell 1973-1974 Brimhall, Preston B. 1983-1988 Bistline, Beverly B. 1975-1976 1897-1898 Brimm, Joseph A. 1937-1942,1945-1946 Bistline, F.M. 1959-1972 Brocke, Sr., George F. Bixby, G.L. 1899-1901 Brocksome, Brent 1985-1990 Bivens, Dave 1993-1998 1925-1926 Brooks, E.R. 1993-2012 Black, Max C. Brooks, John H. 1975-1984 Black, Pete 1983-1996 Brooks, Seneber S. 1907-1908 1987-1998 Black, Ronald L. 1909-1910,1929-1930 Broomhead, Howard H. 1911-1912 Black, Roy L. Brown, Charles G. 1929-1930 Black, William A. 1897-1898,1903-1904 Brown, Charles M. 1895-1896 Blanksma, Megan 2016-2018 1903-1904 Brown, DeWitt E. Blaser, Ernest 1949-1950 Brown, G.M. 1961-1968 1951-1956 Blick, George L. Brown, H.E. 1941-1942 2001-2012 Block, Sharon Brown, L. Ed 1985-1990 2007-2008 Bock. Les 1897-1898 Brown, Lorenzo D. 1997-2010 Boe, Donna 1913-1914 Brown, Wm. R. Boellwood, O.J. 1943-1944 Browning, Curtis 1919-1920 Bogard, William J. 1893-1894 1923-1924 Bruce, Walter S. Bohman, Ole 1915-1918 Bruneel, Frank C. 1995-2002 Bolz, Darrell 2001-2014 1941-1944 Brunt, A.W. 1947-1948 Bonin, Anthony Brunzell, Sr., J.M. 1903-1904 1919-1920 Bonnell, A.L. 1897-1898 Bryan, Daniel W. 1921-1924 Boomer, H.R. Buckner-Webb, Cherie 2010-2012 1913-1914 Booth, C.E. 1939-1942,1949-1950 Budge, Hamer H. Bottolfsen, C.A. 1921-1924,1929-1932 Budge, Keith 1947-1950 Bourne, John T. 1919-1922 Buehler, E.R. 1955-1956 1911-1912 Bower, Vernon V. Buhler, Harold 1943-1946 Bowers, Curtis 2007-2008 Bunting, Peggy 1973-1984 1913-1914 Bowerman, Guy 2008-2014 Burgoyne, Grant 1977-1992 Boyd, Tom CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 229

240 (continued) House of Representatives Chaney, Greg 2014-2018 1903-1904 Burke, William Chapman, A.B. 1925-1926 Burleigh, A.W. 1921-1922 1997-2002 Chase, Roger 1943-1944 Burns, J. Keith Chatburn, J. Vard 1957-1986 Burns, Wm. H. 1933-1934 Chavez. Liz 2007-2010 1911-1912 Burrell, David Cheatham, Don 2014-2018 1955-1958,1961-1962, Burt, Carl R. 1965-1966 2000 Cheirrett, Clair Burt, Cyril O. 1985-1990 2006-2018 Chew, Susan B. 1953-1954 Burtenshaw, Claude J. 1985-1992 Childers, Phil Burtenshaw, Van 2014-2018 1905-1906 Christensen, Alfred Bush, D.D. 1905-1906 Christiansen, Jim 1993-1996 1965-1968 Bush, Eugene L. 1941-1944 Christensen, Moses 1939-1948 Busmann, Charles L. Christenson, F.L. 1935-1936 Butler, F.G. 1931-1932 Church, H. Floyd 1913-1914 Butler, Leo A. 1973-1974 Clagett, Thomas 1897-1898 Caldwell, Rufus A. 1890-1894 Clagstone, Paul 1909-1910 Call, C.J. 1923-1924 Claiborn, Sr., Jack D. 1961-1972 Callahan, Donald 1921-1922 1899-1901 Clampbell, Clara L. 1933-1936 Callaway, Mary 1923-1924 Clark, A.J. Callen, Jerry 1985-1988 1947-1948 Clark, Charles S. Callister, David 1997-2002 1913-1916 Clark, Chase A. 1890-1893 Cameron, J.F. Clark, Columbus 1913-1914 Cammack, Wilbert 1965-1972 Clark, James W. 1997-2010 1901-1902 Camp, Jas G. Clark, J.M. 1915-1916 1997-2004 Campbell, John L. Clark, Nathan H. 1907-1908 Campbell, O.H. 1921-1926 Clark, S.K. 1915-1916 1913-1914 Campbell, Stewart Clark, Sam 1987-1988 Canfield, Homer 1919-1920 1927-1928 Clark, W.W. 2003-2006 Cannon, Joseph S. 1895-1896 Clark, Wilford W. Cannon, Oscar E. 1915-1918,1921-1922 1897-1898 Clawson, Calvin C. 1897-1898 Capp, Luther M. Clay, Herbert H. 1893-1894 Carey, Jack W. 1965-1966 1973-1976 Clements, Maurice L. Carl, Fred 1939-1940 1974-1978 Clemm, Lester V. Carlson, Johnny 1959-1960,1963-1964 Clevenger, Walter 1893-1894 1919-1922 Carpenter, N.B. Clouchek, Emma 1931-1932 Carr, Walter H. 1967-1972 2012-2018 Clow, Lance Carratt, H.B. 1915-1916 Coats, George T. 1909-1910 1897-1898 Carter, William C. Cobbley, George T. 1927-1930 1893-1894 Cartmell, Palmer G. 1965-1970 Cobbs, Lyle R. Case, Sherman 1913-1914 1945-1958 Coiner, Charles W. Casey, H.M. 1890-1893 1935-1938 Coker, Tracy Cassell, John U. 1907-1908 Coleman, Marion 1953-1954 Cavanagh, Dan J. 1935-1938 Collins, Charles S. 1917-1918 Cavanah, Charles C. 1907-1908 2000-2018 Collins, Gary E. Ceaser, Charles G. 1911-1912 1933-1934 Combs, A.T. 1978 Cellan, Merle Commons, Elvin G. 1951-1952 1951-1967 Cenarrusa, Pete T. “Sonny” 1983-1986 Chadband, J.F. “Chad” 1899-1901 Conant, Edward 2005-2012 Chadderdon, Marge 1969-1976 Condie, Angus Chalfant, Frank E. 1927-1928,1951-1952 Congdon, J.P. 1923-1924 1991-1992 Chamberlain, Barbara K. Conlin, T.J. 1933-1934 Chandler, J.T. 1943-1944 Conner, Albert H. 1907-1908,1913-1916 1913-1914,1931-1932 Chandler, Wm. M. Conover, J.B. 1919-1920 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 230

241 House of Representatives (continued) Dayley, Thomas 2012-2018 1953-1956 Cook, Charles F. Deal, W.W. “Bill” 1991-2007 1969-1974 Copple, E. Don Dean, Carroll W. 1971-1984 1959-1960 Cornforth, Leonard Decelle, Paul A. 1991-1992 1931-1934,1937-1938 Cosho, Maude L. Deckard, Jerry 1983-1984,1987-1990 Cossitt, H.H. 1925-1926 Demming, Jas. J. 1901-1902 1915-1916 Coughlin, C.T. DeMordaunt, Gayann 2016-2018 Coulter, Robert W. 1923-1934 2010-2016 DeMordaunt, Reed Cowden, Ralph A. 1893-1896 Denney, Lawerence 1991-1992,1997-2014 1917-1920 Cowles, C.F. 1921-1922 Derr, A.R. Cox, A. Ira 1945-1946 1927-1928,1939-1942 Detweiler, William H. Cox, Harrison 1941-1942 1983-1985 Dewey, Linda Cozier, Robert V. 1895-1896 Dewey, John C. Jr., 1935-1938 Crane, A.A. 1893-1896 2006-2018 Crane, Brent J. 1913-1914 Dickenson, A.S. Crane, Ron 1983-1998 1899-1901,1903-1904 Dilatush, Chas., Cranston, J.C. 1947-1948 Dill, C.W. Jr 1939-1940 1967-1972 Crapo, Terry L. 1915-1916 Dils, N.S. Crawford, Harold J. 1963-1964 Dinnison, Walter 1949-1954 Cronin, Brian 2009-2012 2014-2018 Dixon, Sage Crookham, William 1969-1970 Doane, David 1951-1954 Crookham, Jr., 1973-1976 Dobler, Norma 1955-1962 George L. Donaldson, Chas. R. 1955-1956 Legislative Crow, Benj. S. 1911-1912 Donaldson, Samuel J. 1905-1906 Crow, Dolores J. 1983-2006 Donohue, Emmett 1939-1940 1929-1930 Crowley, C.E. 1949-1962 Doolittle, Robert L. 1985-1986 Crozier, Vivian 1995-1996 Dorr, Tom Cruikshank, Fred 1915-1916 2003-2004 Douglas, Bonnie 1991-2004 Cuddy, Charles D. Drake, Emma 1919-1920 Cummerford, Patrick 1909-1910 Dredge, Wilford J. 1959-1960 Cunningham, Arch 1907-1908 Drevlow, W.E. 1947-1948,1951-1954 1933-1938 Curtis, George H. Driscoll, Dean 1917-1918 Cushman, Thomas R. 1901-1902 Driskel, D.W. 1983 “Tom” 1890-1893 Dryden, John Q. Cyr, Jr., Edward V. 1937-1940 1985-1990 Duffin, Mark Daggett, George W. 1899-1901 1989-1992 Duncan, Freeman B. Daly, Joseph D. 1895-1896 1963-1964 Duncan, Verne A. 1961-1964 Dance, D. Theron 1971-1974 Dunn, Lloyd 1969-1982 Danielson, George G. 1909-1912 Dunning, Dow 1989-1994 Danielson, Judi 1947-1948 Durahl, Harry Darrow, T.H. 1923-1928 1901-1902 Durant, Thos. H. 1917-1918 Daughters, T.A. 1927-1928 Durfee, George A. David, Earl 1931-1932 Durham, Beth 1957-1958 Davidson, Marion 1961-1982 2007-2010 Durst, Branden J. Davis, Claude R. 1925-1928,1931-1932 Duval, Claud H. 1909-1910 Davis, E.G. 1911-1912 Dwyer, P.J. 1901-1902 Davis, Fred H. 1901-1902,1915-1916 Eames, John S. 1917-1918 Davis, J.H. 1921-1922 Eastman, Sam 1951-1952 Davis, Nora L. 1943-1956 2003-2004 Eberle, Charles 1937-1938 Davis, Owen T. Eberle, W.D. “Bill” 1955-1962 1933-1934 Davis, P.M. EchoHawk, Larry 1983-1986 Davis, R.L. “Dick” 1985-1992 Eckles, William H. 1911-1912 1895-1896 Davis, Thomas A. Edelblute, Wm. H. 1913-1916 Davis, Wm. A. 1901-1902 1931-1932 Edgar, R.T. 1933-1938 Day, Joe H. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 231

242 (continued) House of Representatives 1913-1914 Ferguson, H.V.A. 1911-1912 Edgington, Geo. W. 1933-1934 Feuerstein, F.S. 2003-2008 Edmunson, Clete 1921-1922 Fiat, H.F. 1981-1982 Edwards, Gene 1995-2006 Field, Debbie S. Edwards, John A. 1965-1966,1969-1972 Field, Frances 1985-2006 Edwards, Lydia Justice 1982-1986 1983-1984 Findlay, Frank 1972 Edwards, Mary Findley, Alma 1915-1918 1909-1910 Edwards, Thomas H. 1913-1914 Finke, George Edwards, W.H. 1933-1934 1937-1946,1949-1950 Finkel, Ben 1899-1901 Egan, Horace F. 1903-1904 Finney, William Egbert, J.H. 1921-1928 1907-1908 Finstad, J.C. Egbert, Richard A. 1941-1948,1961-1962 Fisher, E.E. 1929-1930 Eichelberger, Albert V. 1903-1904 Fisher, George H. 1899-1901 Eimers, John P. 1911-1912 1967-1968 Eismann, Samuel Fitz, Herbert G. 1973-1980 1929-1930 Elam, Laurel E. Fitzpatrick, John J. 1903-1904 1897-1898 Elder, John C. 1975-1976 Fitzwater, Beth Elder, Thomas 1895-1896 Flandro, Millie 1991-1996 Elgin, James H. 1971-1974 1897-1898 Flannigan, Edward J. Elison, John A. 1923-1926 Fletcher, Francis 1895-1896 Elkington, W.H. 1945-1946 Fletcher, G.F. 1893-1894 1913-1914 Elliott, E.E. Flint, Warren 1903-1904 2001-2002 Ellis, Kris Fogg, Bob H. 1963-1964 Ellsworth, Frank D. 1899-1901 1907-1908 Fogg, James E. Ellsworth, Julie 1997-2006,2011-2012 Fogg, Russell 1953-1956,1969-1974 1915-1916 Elrod, David J. Foley, P.J. 1919-1920 1951-1956, 1947-1948 Ford, Vic Emery, Dan D. 1975-1976,1979-1982 1931-1938 Foreman, D.I. Emery, George E. 1890-1893 1909-1910 Foresman, Charles A. Erhart, Milt 1995-1996 Forrey, Robert M. “Bob” 1983-1986 1899-1902 Ericson, Isaac Foster, George 1905-1906 Erpelding, Mathew W. 2012-2018 1905-1906 France, Hugh Eskridge, George E. 2001-2014 1991-1992 Frasure, Evan Ethel, D.B. 1890-1893 1933-1934 Frazier, Arthur Evans, David L. 1899-1901 Fredricksen, Peter 1890-1893 1913-1916 Evans, E. Ralph 1907-1908 Freehafer, Albert L. 1913-1914 Evans, Fred French, Burton L. 1899-1902 Evans, Isaac B. 1909-1910 French, C.S. 1903-1904,1913-1914 Evans, Sr., L.L. 1929-1930 Friend, Eugene 1913-1914 1947-1948,1951-1952 Everett, Russell Friend, Samuel 1911-1912 Eyre, John R. 1973-1974 1953-1960,1963-1966 Frome, William M. 1927-1928,1931-1932 Fails, Herman P. Fry, Daniel P. 1935-1938 Fairman, Percy 1925-1926 Fry, Robert 1983-1988 Fallon, Joseph P. 1907-1908 Fuld, Joseph W. 1925-1928 1915-1916 Faris, John W. 1905-1906 Fuld, Sidney C. 1953-1954 Faris, Robert Wesley Fuller, Charles C. 1897-1898 Farmer, Mark M. 1959-1960 1981-1982 Fullmer, E. Cameron Farmin, Earl D. 1911-1914 Fulton, Robert F. 1897-1898 1965-1966,1969-1972 Farner, Virgil 1937-1938 Funk, Peter F. Farraday, Charles B. 1909-1910 Gaffney, Edward 1937-1940,1945-1946 Farrell, Garret H. 1903-1904 Gaffney, Ernest 1949-1952 Featherstone, Albert H. 1909-1914,1919-1920 1893-1894 Gaffney, Frank 1890-1893,1897-1898 Fenn, Frank A. 1997-2004 Gagner, Lee 1921-1930 Fenn, Lloyd A. Galbreaith, W.S. 1921-1926 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 232

243 (continued) House of Representatives Gould, Gary 1978-1980 Gallant, E.H. 1945-1946 Gowey, Allen 1949-1954,1957-1958 Galloway, James W. 1911-1912 1931-1936 Graham, Guy 1903-1904 Galloway, Thomas C. Gray, Chas. W. 1915-1916 Gamble, Daniel 1895-1896 Gray, Clark 1931-1932 Gannon, John 1991-1992,2012-2018 Gray, George R. 1897-1898 Garbutt, James 1919-1920 1905-1906 Gray, Grove C. 1919-1920 Gardner, C.M. Grayot, Don C. 1951-1952 1913-1914 Gardner, Frank Grayson, Carl M. 1921-1922 Gardner, H. Grant 1945-1963 1893-1894 Greaves, John C. 1947-1950 Gardner, Jos. S. Green, Andrew 1921-1924 Garn, Royal 1890-1893 Jackson 1961-1966 Garner, Dale B. Green, Kenyon 1949-1950 Garrett, Kathie 2003-2006 Green, Robert W. 1963-1964,1967-1968 1939-1940 Garrett, Oscar W. Greenawalt, Earl C. 1971-1974 1957-1960 Garry, Joseph R. Greenwood, C.O. 1919-1920 Geddes, Robert C. 1977-2000 Greer, James R. 1903-1904 George, John H. 1969-1970 Grice, Charles L. 1915-1918 George, Mary 1923-1924 Griffin, Frank 1933-1934 Gerner, Fred 1941-1946 Griffith, Albert R. 1931-1932 2012-2018 Gestrin, Terry Grimmett, John H. 1907-1908 2008-2018 Gibbs, Marc 1955-1958 Grimmett, Orson H. 1911-1912 Gibson, Wesley Legislative 1919-1922 Gudmundsen, Irel 2016-2018 Giddings, Priscilla Guernsey, Roger L. 1979-1980 Gifford, M.P. 1921-1922 1949-1954 Gunnell, Earl Gilbert, Rachel S. 1981-1984 Gurnsey, Kathleen W. 1913-1916 Gilchrist, Robert 1975-1996 “Kitty” Giles, Charles 1917-1918 1925-1926 Gustafson, Fred 1923-1928 Gillis, W.D. 2010-2012 Guthrie, Jim Gines, Ralph J. 1973-1976,1995-1996 1977-1982 Gwartney, J. Michael Giovanelli, Thomas 1987-1988 Gwartney, L.N. 1947-1952 Joseph 1921-1922 Gwin, Fred F. Girton, Thomas W. 1893-1894 Haagenson, D. Dean 1983-1990 1985-1988 Givens, Jeanne Haakenson, Robert M. 1967-1972 Givens, Raymond 1919-1920 1927-1930 Hackney, Charles A. Glahe, John D. 1899-1901 1945-1946 Haddock, D.E. 1945-1948 Glavin, Barney Haddock, Max T. 1967-1968 Gleason, W.L. 1907-1908 1997-2002 Hadley, J. Steven Gleed, J. Guy 1939-1940 Hadley, Julius C. 1897-1898 1933-1934 Glennon, John Hagan, Chris A. 1923-1924 1911-1912 Glennon, Lawrence E. Hage, Theodore 1901-1902 Goehry, Jacob L. 1917-1918 2007-2012 Hagedorn, Marv Goldensmith, W.R. 1897-1898 Hale, Ernest A. 1971-1990 Golder, James Dean 1977-1984 Hale, R.T. 1945-1946 Gooch, J. Orlando 1949-1952 Haley, R. Graham 1933-1934 Goodnight, Jacob L. 1890-1893,1905-1906 1899-1901 Hall, Orvis W. Goodwin, C.G. 1929-1931 Hall, W. Scott 1919-1922,1925-1926 Goodwin, John 1931-1932 Howard Hall, Wayne 1986-1992 1921-1922 Goodwin, Robt. J. Halliwell, J. P. 1939-1940 1933-1936 Goodwin, Virgil C. 1897-1898 Hamer, Thomas R. 1905-1906 Gorby, Robert D. Hamill, G.T. 1905-1906 Gossett, Charles C. 1933-1936 Hammond, F. Melvin 1969-1984 Gough, T. McParlin 1919-1920 Hammond, Todd 1999-2002 1987-2002 Gould, Celia 1945-1946,1949-1958 Hampton, Elvon CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 233

244 House of Representatives (continued) Hayes, James C. 1955-1956 1897-1898 Hampton, Hyrum S. Hayford, L.G. 1913-1914 Hampton, Wayne 1947-1948 Hays, John W. 1897-1898 2013-2014 Hancey, Douglas A. 1965-1966 Head, Kitchener E. Handy, J.A. 1935-1940 Healy, Wm. 1913-1914 Handy, Leo J. 1957-1960 1943-1950 Hechtner, Howard D. Hanks, Karey 2016-2018 1969-1972 Hedges, Ed Hanley, John 1890-1893 1961-1982 Hedlund, Emery E. 1903-1904 Hanlon, Redmond J. Heikkila, Norman S. 1953-1956 1899-1901 Hanlon, Thomas O. 1893-1894 Heim, Charles 1911-1912 Hanmer, Edw. J. Hellekson, Oscar 1911-1912 1931-1932 Hansen, Charles W. 1997-2008 Henbest, Margaret Hansen, Jim 1989-1994 Henderlider, Robert Hansen, Lawrence 1917-1918 1953-1954 Hansen, M. Reed 1984-1992, 1995-2000 Hendershot, E.C. 1933-1934 Hansen, Orval 1957-1962,1965-1966 Henderson, Adelbert 1913-1914 Hansen, Randy 1999-2000 2005-2014 Henderson, Frank N. 1927-1928 Hanson, E.N. 1911-1912 Hendricks, Milo A. 1949-1954 Hanson, H. Max 1931-1938,1943-1944 Hendricks, Orval E. 1913-1916 Harchelrode, Abe L. Hendrix, W.L. “Bill” 1955-1964 Harding, Ralph R. 1955-1956 1901-1902 Heney, Thomas Harlow, Ronald V. 1975-1980 Henry, Samuel E. 1895-1896 Harn, Harry R. 1931-1932,1935-1936 1913-1914 Herndon, Roy B. Harrington, Fred N. 1931-1938 Herndon, Steve 1985-1987 Harrington, J.A. 1921-1922 Herrick, Coit E. 1935-1936 1907-1910 Harris, Eli M. Hersley, George 1935-1938 Harris, Frank W. 1933-1934 Heseman, E. 1937-1938 Harris, Larry W. 1977-1986 Hess, Alma C. 1899-1901 Harris, Steven 2012-2018 Hiatt, Walter F. 1901-1902 1897-1898 Harris, William McGee 1929-1930 Hibbard, A.E. 1919-1920 Harrison, Frank Hicks, A.R. 1915-1916 Harrison, L.S. 1919-1920 1895-1896 Hicks, Mellin S. Harrison, Ralph 1955-1958 Higer, C.H. 1957-1962 1927-1932 Harsh, J.A. 2009-2012 Higgins, Elfreda 1901-1902 Hart, John W. Higgins, Jim S. 1981-1982 1963-1964,1969-1970 Hart, Mark 2001-2002 Higgins, Kent A. 2005-2012 Hart, Phil 1985-1990 Hill, Boyd Hartgen, Stephen 2008-2018 1911-1912 Hill, George E. Hartung, Mary 1987-1989 1967-1968 Hill, Jay Hartvigsen, Lester A. 1967-1974 Hill, Theo. 1939-1940 Harwood, Pat K. 1965-1968 Hillier, George C. 1903-1904 Harwood, R.J. "Dick" 2001-2012 Hintze, A.F. 1957-1958 Hasbrouck, Eltinge 1949-1950 1961-1966 Hirschi, Frank W. Hatch, C.M. 1927-1928,1931-1932 Hitchcock, Beecher 1917-1920 1925-1932 Hatch, L.W. Hixon, Brandon A. 2012-2018 1953-1954 Hawkes, Ezra M. 1890-1893 Hixon, C.M. 1947-1948 Hawkes, Raymond 1985-1986 Hoagland, Glenna L. 1890-1893 Hawkins, Joseph Hodgin, J.L. 1929-1932 1985-1990 Hawkins, Stan Hoff, H.H. 1919-1920 1993-1994 Hawkley, Dan 1925-1932 Hoffman, Jesse 1953-1954 Hawley, Jack Hofman, Elaine 1991-1996 Hawley, Jess B. 1947-1948 Hogan, Nels 1923-1924 Hawley, Jr., James H. 1931-1932 Hohnhorst, John 1943-1950 1985-1990 Hay, Janet S. 1915-1916 Holland, Joseph IDAHO BLUE BOOK 234

245 (continued) House of Representatives Isaac, Arthur D. 1981-1982 1975-1984 Hollifield, Gordon R. Isaacson, J.M. 1951-1954 1943-1944,1947-1948, Holm, Paul C. 1951-1954 Jackson, Larry 1971-1978 Holmberg, Axel E. 1911-1912 1911-1912 Jacobs, Judd D. Holt, Charles E. 1897-1898 Jaquet, Wendy 1995-2012 Holtzclaw, James 2012-2018 Jarnagin, M.L. 1923-1924 1909-1910 Holzheimer, Edward Jarvis, Rich 2009-2010 1893-1894 Hooper, Andrew J. 1911-1912 Jayme, J.M. Hooper, Christopher R. 1979-1988 Jenifer, Joel 1933-1934 1969-1970 Hopkins, Marl C. Jenkins, E.G. 1969-1972 2012-2018 Horman, Wendy Jenkins, Francis 1903-1904 1995-2002 Hornbeck, Twila 1929-1932 Jenkins, Griff L. 1979-1984 Horsch, Dwight W. Jenkins, Janet 1991-1996 1937-1944 Horsley, Milton L. Jenny, Jacob 1927-1928,1931-1934 Horton, Anitalouise 1988 Ferdinand 1977-1994 Horvath, Jr., Louis J. Jensen, Christian 1911-1912 Hosack, Robert E. 1975-1978 1901-1906 Jensen, Denmark Hove, Fred E. 1933-1936 1949-1954 Jensen, Grover 1941-1944 Howe, Charles R. 1933-1934 Jensen, Junius C. Howell, Emmett J. 1901-1902 Jensen, Lorenzo 1933-1936 1959-1964 Howell, George W. Jensen, Parley P. 1941-1942 1917-1918 Hubbard, D.R. Jensen, W.H. “Pete” 1967-1968 Legislative 1963-1966 Hubbard, Robert W. Jessup, Ed. L. 1931-1932 1907-1908 Hudelson, Archibald B. Johness, Frank E. 1899-1901 Hudelson, James A. 1933-1934,1937-1938 1911-1912 Johnson, Adams G. Hudelson, R.C. 1931-1932 Johnson, Albert M. 1983-1996 “Al” Huffaker, W.D. 1923-1924 1961-1962 Johnson, Alph W. Hughes, Harley L. 1895-1896 1919-1920, 1919-1922 Hugo, C.J. Johnson, Charles A. 1923-1924,1927-1928 1963-1964 Hull, Clair B. Johnson, Ellis 1965-1968 Hull, H.J. 1915-1916 1895-1896,1905-1906 Johnson, Ervin W. Hull, Harold B. 1921-1926 Johnson, George F. 1981-1986 Hulse, Joseph B. 1899-1901 1913-1914 Johnson, James 1915-1916 Hunsinger, J.D. 1967-1984 Johnson, Kurt L. 1915-1916 Hunt, J.C. 1993-1995 Johnson, Michael T. Hunt, James F. 1895-1896,1901-1908 Johnson, Richard H. 1897-1898 1913-1914,1917-1920 Hunt, Ralph S. 1967-1976 Johnson, S. Albert Hunter, William 1901-1902,1915-1916 Johnson, Sadie 1955-1956 Huntley, Robert C., Jr. 1965-1966 Johnston, Peter G. 1907-1918,1921-1922 Hussman, William B. 1917-1918,1935-1938 Joines, Hugh S. 1897-1898 Hutchison, Thomas 1929-1930 Jones, Benjamin J. 1907-1908 Hutton, Angus P. 1911-1912 1965-1966 Jones, Charles D. Hyde, Aden 1965-1972 1987-1998 Jones, Donna 1911-1912 Hyde, John Jones, Douglas R. 1985-2006 1899-1901 Hyde, Wm. A. 1917-1918 Jones, Earl D. 1933-1936 Hynes, W.J. Jones, Egbert W. 1890-1893,1899-1901 1973-1992 Infanger, Ray E. Jones, Frank A. 1931-1932 1975-1976 Infelt, James S. 1941-1946 Jones, George R. 1915-1916 Ingard, D.L. 1941-1948 Jones, Harry F. Ingling, Wm. J. 1901-1902 Jones, Hugh W. 1933-1936 1973-1980 Ingram, Gary J. Jones, J.E. 1925-1928 Irwin, Bertha V. 1921-1922 Jones, Jim 1997-1998 1890-1893 Irwin, Isaac Jones, Lewis D. 1907-1908 CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 235

246 (continued) House of Representatives 1915-1916 King, James 1913-1914 Jones, R.O. 1890-1893 King, Martin Jones, Seth D. 1919-1920 2006-2018 King, Phylis K. 1907-1908 Jones, Thomas R. King, Robbi 1993-1996 1911-1912 Jones, Thos. J. King, William 1893-1894 Jones, W.H. 1951-1952 King, William J. 1915-1916 Jones, William R. 1909-1910 1923-1924 Kingsford, Willard 1977-1982, Jones Jr., Myron 1985-1986,1989-1992 1899-1901 Kingsley, Chas. S. 1947-1948 Jordan, L.B. 2016-2018 Kingsley, Mike Jordan, Paulette 2014-2018 Kinney, Wm. A. 1937-1938 1927-1930 Jorgensen, Geo. M. Kirby, Daniel 1919-1920,1923-1924 1959-1960 Jorgensen, Kay L. Kirby, Frank M. 1911-1912 1961-1970 Joslyn, Alvin W. Kirkland, Buford 1949-1950 Judd, Claud 1973-1974,1983-1992 1905-1906 Kirkpatrick, Orin E. Judd, June 1991-2000 1907-1908 Kirtley, Jr., James L. 1909-1910 Kaline, Axel Kisling, Floyd O. 1955-1962 1927-1930 Kasberg, Alex 1959-1960 Kistler, Ira W. 1949-1954 Kaschmitter, Joseph 1995-1999 Kjellander, Paul 1923-1930 Katerndahl, R.W. Klein, Edith Miller 1965-1968 Kauffman, Clark 2012-2018 Klepfer, S.J. 1933-1936 1943-1944 Kauffman, Joseph 1959-1968 Klingler, Karl C. 1957-1960 Kaufman, Jr., Sam Kloc, Hy 2012-2018 1972-1982 Kearnes, Elaine Klonick, Ed 1943-1944 1897-1898 Keat, James A. Knigge, Lawrence 1977-1985 Keating, James W. 1927-1932 1927-1930 Knipe, George D. 1903-1904 Keetch, Elijah C. Knox, Walter 1923-1924 Keeton, Paul C. 1981-1986,1993-1994 Koch, H. Ferd 1963-1974 Keeton, Wm. D. 1923-1924 1984 Koch, Jr., Karl E Keim, Wallace B. 1943-1948 Koch, Sr., Karl E 1965-1972,1975-1976 Keith, John E. 1907-1908 Koelsch, Charles F. 1913-1916 1967-1972 Keithly, Clyde R. 1941-1942 Koenig, Harold 1901-1902 Kelley, John 1967-1968 Koontz, Robert J. Kellogg, Hilde 1983-1990,1993-2004 1971-1981 Kraus, Virgil L. Kelly, Dan 1977-1984 Kren, Steve 2007-2010 Kemp, Jana M. 2005-2006 1915-1918 Kribs, Edwin P. Kempfer, W.H. 1949-1950 1947-1948 Krumsick, Harry 1991-2001 Kempton, Jim D. 1955-1956 Kugler, John B. 1969-1972,1977-1978 Kendell, Max E. 2003-2004 Kulczyk, Henry Kendell, Wayne 1997-2002 1997-2002 Kunz, Kent S. 1971-1988 Kennevick, Jack C. 1915-1918 LaForest, T.J. Kent, A.J. 1917-1920 LaTurner, E.E. 1951-1958 Kent, Pernecy D. 1959-1960 1919-1920 LaValle, Victor Kerby, F.M. 1903-1904 Labrador, Raul 2007-2010 Kerby, Ryan 2014-2018 Lacy, Ralph E. 1981-1983 Kerl, T.P. 1909-1910 Lacey, Roy 2010-2012 Kersey, Sr., William A. 1959-1960 Lafferty, A.B. 1947-1948 Kershaw, Thomas D. 1984 1955-1964 Laird, Roy M. 1915-1920,1923-1926 Kiger, M.A. Lake, Dennis M. 1997-2012 1901-1902 Kilborn, Marvin Lake, Lynn 1955-1956 Killen, Bill 2007-2012 Lamson, G.W. 1931-1932 1903-1904,1907-1908 Killpack, Jr., John D. Lance, Alan G. 1991-1994 Kimpton, Clarence W. 1953-1956 1933-1934 Lane, B.G. 1931-1938 King, Clarence IDAHO BLUE BOOK 236

247 (continued) House of Representatives 1991-1996 Loosli, S. Lynn Langford, Eulalie 2001-2004 Teichert 1953-1954 Lott, Darrell 2003-2004 Langhorst, David 1983-1992 Loveland, Don C. Lansberry, W.A. 1939-1940 Loveless, Wayne 1971-1974 1959-1974 Lanting, William J. Lovesy, W.H. 1907-1908 Larsen, Allan F. 1967-1978,1993-1996 1945-1950 Lowe, Mathias W. 1931-1932 Larsen, C.W. Lowell, J.H. 1903-1904 Larson, J. Berkley 1951-1952 Lowry, L. Cotty 1947-1948 1929-1932 Larson, John 1917-1918 Lucas, A.B. Larson, Mark A. 1983-1984 1981-1992 Lucas, James R. “Doc” 1987-1992 Lasuen, Leanna Luker, Lynn M. 2006-2018 Lattimer, Willard 1969-1970 Lundberg, Joe J. 1945-1946 1913-1916,1921-1922 Lau, Daniel J. Lusk, James R. 1935-1938 Lau, Heber J. 1947-1948 Luttropp, Fred 1933-1934,1941-1942 1949-1950 Lauridsen, Melvin Lynes, Charles S. 1899-1901 Lawson, H.A. 1913-1914 Lyons, James 1890-1893 1893-1894 Lawson, Paul P. 1979-1982 Lytle, William F. 1991-1992 Lazechko, Molly Machen, Harry E. 1949-1950 1911-1912 Leaf, Charles W. 1909-1910 Mackintosh, Daniel T. 1931-1938 Leavitt, Charles C. 1899-1901 Madden, Roscoe S. Lechelt, Ronald 1977-1978 1993-2002 Mader, Dan 1957-1958,1961-1962 Lee, Eldred Magee, Lewis J. 1915-1916 Legislative 1977 Leese, James A. Magill, Len 1905-1906 2005-2008 LeFavour, Nicole 1925-1928 Magleby, Jacob 1917-1918 Lehrbas, L.A. 1947-1948 Magleby, Stering Leighton, R.E. 1939-1940 1893-1894 Mahana, David F. Lenaghen, Robert 1959-1960 Mahoney, Con 1986-1994 1965-1966 Leonardson, Elmer C. 2012-2018 Malek, Luke Leonardson, Ken K. 1943-1944 1901-1902 Mandell, Frank C. Lewis, B.E. “Bud” 1973-1982 1927-1928 Manifold, J.B. 1917-1918 Lewis, Charles H. 1965-1966 Manley, Art Lewis, Harry 1913-1914 1961-1968 Manning, Darrell V. Lewis, Hyrum S. 1935-1940,1943-1946 2016-2018 Manwaring, Dustin Lewis, George J. 1893-1894 1927-1930 Marineau, W.T. 1998-1999 Limbaugh, Thomas F. Markel, J.M. 1923-1924 Lincoln, Ray 1965-1974 1979-1980 Marley, Bert W. Lind, O.J. 1935-1936 Marley, Bert C. 1998-2001 1965-1966 Lindburg, Leland 1933-1934 Marlow, Gilbert 1915-1916 Linder, J.I. 2007-2012 Marriott, Jim Lindley, Roy 1941-1942 1985-1988 Martens, Waldo 1931-1936 Lindsay, D.K. 1890-1893 Martin, J.C. Line, Geo. A. 1923-1924 Martin, James G. 1961-1964,1969-1970 Linford, Golden C. 1985-2000 2003-2006 Martinez, Elmer T Little, David 1973-1974 1913-1914 Mason, Wm. H. Little, Walter E. 1965-1986 Mathewson, Chester G. 1903-1904 Litton, Ralph 1961-1962,1967-1972 Mathews, Russ 2005-2010 Lloyd, Mary Ellen 1987-1990 Maxwell, Don 1933-1934 Lloyd, T.J. 1923-1924 1917-1918,1921-1922, May, Andrew 1986-2002,2004-2018 Loertscher, Thomas F. 1939-1940,1943-1946 1905-1906 Logue, Fredrick S. 1939-1940 Mayes, Gil 1929-1930 Longeteig, I.J. 1941-1942,1963-1972, Maynard, Don L. 1975-1978 Looney, Larry 1969-1972 McAffee, John 1933-1934 1931-1932 Loosli, Dimond 1973-1974 McAllister, Michael E. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 237

248 House of Representatives (continued) 1903-1904 McNeal, James R. McArthur, P.D. 1945-1946 1937-1938,1941-1942 McNeil, A.W. McBee, Edwin 1899-1901 Meade, Owen 1931-1936 McBirney, J.H. 1923-1932 1933-1948 Meeker, J.R. 1909-1910 McBirney, William S. 1925-1928 Mehlhoff, J.P. 1905-1906,1909-1910 McBratney, William Meikle, Sr., Steve M. 1955-1958 1903-1904 McBride, Howard R. Meline, Carolyn 2013-2014 1903-1904 McBride, Robert W. 1949-1952 Mendenhall, Vernon H. McCabe, A.R. 1941-1946 1913-1914,1927-1930 Mendenhall, Wm. H. McCabe, Thos. 1911-1912 Mendive, Ron 2012-2018 1973-1977,1983-1990 McCann, Dorothy H. 1890-1892 Merrill, E.S. 1929-1932 McCarter, Claude C. Merrill, F.M. 1890-1893 1893-1894 McCarter, Hugh F. 1949-1956 Merrill, Jay M. 1893-1898 McCarthy, John J. 1923-1926 McClurg, C.W. Merrill, John 1893-1894 1974 McCollum, Joe Merrill, R. Dee 1967-1970 1923-1928,1931-1932 McCombs, George Merrill, Rodney 1913-1914 1907-1910 McCracken, Robert M. 1971-1976 Merrill, W. Israel 2014-2018 McCrostie, John Metcalf, Frank 1927-1928 1909-1910 McCutcheon, O.E. Metcalf, Wm. D. 1901-1902 McDermott, Patricia L. 1969-1990 Meyer, Henry 1915-1916 McDermott, T.H. 1913-1914 1995-2004 Meyer, Wayne McDevitt, Charles F. 1963-1966 Mickels, Arnold 1913-1914 McDevitt, Herman J. 1951-1952,1959-1966 1907-1910,1915-1918 Miles, Charles C. McDonald, Allen C. 1931-1932 1955-1958,1961-1966 Millar, Arvil McDonald, Charles A. 1909-1910,1919-1922 Miller, C. Wendell 1973-1980 1925-1930 McDonald, Charles F. Miller, Carl J. 1919-1922 McDonald, Patrick 2012-2018 1893-1894 Miller, David T. McDougal, Ralph 1945-1946 Miller, Edith I. 1949-1950 1991-1992 McEvoy, Mike Miller, Helen J. 1937-1938,1943-1960 McFadden, Lettie J. 1909-1910 2003-2006 Miller, Janet J. McGeachin, Janice 2003-2012 1901-1902 Miller, John W. 1909-1910 McGillivray, Ally Miller, Maynard 1993-1998 McGinley, J.H. 1927-1928 1967-1970 Miller, Neil J. 1915-1918 McGowan, Fred C. 2012-2018 Miller, Steven McGowan, Geo. L. 1917-1920 1949-1950 Miller, W.J. “Bill” McHan, Ellis V. 1971-1976 1899-1901 Miller, William A. 1917-1918 McIntosh, J.W. Milliken, W.T. 1925-1926 McKague, Shirley 1997-2007 Millo, W.L. 1951-1952 McKeeth, Sylvia 1993-1996 1893-1894 Mills, F.J. 1905-1906,1909-1910 McKinlay, Alexander D. Mills, George E. 1890-1893 McKinlay, Glenn P. 1901-1902 1925-1926 Mills, J.C. Jr. McKinney, Helen 1965-1972 Mills, Robert H. 1945-1956 McLaughlin, Mills, Ward A. 1963-1966 1979-1982 Marguerite P. 1941-1942,1947-1952, Mills, William Larry McLeod, A.A. “Art” 1955-1956 1963-1966 McLeod, Donald 1957-1958 Minden, Chester C. 1943-1948 1907-1908 McLeod, Geo. A. Miner, Doyle C. 1973-1980 1919-1920 McMahon, A.I. 1931-1932 Misenhimer, P.W. 1895-1896,1925-1926 McMillan, John 1897-1898 Mitchell, John McMillan, Shannon 2010-2016 Mitchell, Mike P. 1969-1970, 2003-2006 1917-1918 McMullen, J.C. Mitchell, Perry W. 1903-1904 McMurray, John 1915-1918 Moffatt, Willis C. 1943-1946 1897-1898 McMurrin, James L. Molyneaux, John A. 1957-1958,1961-1972 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 238

249 House of Representatives (continued) Neider, C.W. 1965-1966,1973-1976 2012-2018 Monks, Jason A. Neill, Robert 1895-1896 Monlux, Charles W. 1941-1946 1965-1968 Nelsen, Fred Monroe, James W. 1951-1966 “Jim” Nelson, Adrian 1899-1901 1895-1896 Monroe, Richard J. Nelson, Bert G. 1911-1912 1917-1920 Monson, Ezra P. 1943-1944 Nelson, Enoch 1915-1918 Monson, Hiram Nelson, Fred 1933-1938 1999-2002 Montgomery, Bev 1903-1906 Nelson, James S. 1921-1922,1929-1930 Montgomery, E.C. 2011-2012 Nesset, Jeff 1981-1992 Montgomery, Gary L. 1987-2006 Newcomb, Bruce 1899-1901,1917-1920, 1987-1988 Newcomb, Russell W. Moody, Charles Stuart 1925-1926 Newman, Allen D. 1937-1942 Moon, Dorothy 2016-2018 1917-1918 Newport, James B. Moore, Andrew W. 1901-1902 1899-1901 Nichalson, James A. 1903-1904 Moore, Avery C. 1915-1916 Nichols, DeWitt L. 1959-1962 Moore, Carl C. Nielsen, Cantril 1951-1952 Moore, Charles C. 1903-1906 “Flash” Moore, Don C.D. 1941-1946 Nielsen, Pete 2002-2016 Moore, L.L. 1921-1922 1911-1912 Nielsen, Thos. C. 1909-1910 Morebeck, George C. Nielson, James 1913-1914 Morgan, A.H. 1919-1920 Nielson, L.J. 1919-1920 Morgan, George L. 1905-1906 1911-1914 Nihart, Fred Legislative Morgan, Vern E. 1941-1944 Noble, Hattie F. 1899-1901 1897-1898,1911-1912 Morgan, William M. Nonini, Bob 2005-2012 Morris, R.W. 1937-1938 Northrup, William N. 1915-1916 1939-1944 Morris, Victor T. 1913-1914 Norton, Charles Morrison, Thomas L. Nye, Mark 2014-2016 1989-1990 “Tom” O’Connell, John L. 1937-1938 Morse, Ed 2013-2014 1919-1922 O’Dwyer, George Mortensen, H. Grant 1991-1992 O’Leary, Henry C. 1941-1942,1947-1950 1993-2002 Mortensen, Max C. O’Meara, J.J. 1931-1932 Mortimer, Dean M. 2007-2008 1911-1914 Oakes, Ralph W. Moss, J. Henry 1933-1934,1937-1938 1990 Olberding, Darwin 2001 Moss, Thomas Olmstead, Ralph E. 1973-1982 Mounce, Eben 1901-1902 1929-1930 Olsen, O.A.M. 1998-2018 Moyle, Mike Olsen, Wallace 1941-1942 Mulkey, Wm. L. 1899-1901 1969-1976 Onweiler, William C. Mullaley, James J. 1905-1908 Oppenheim, Benj. W. 1927-1930 1897-1898 Mulliner, Joseph S. 1980-1984 Orme, Rich E. 1975-1982 Munger, Morgan 1899-1901 Osborn, Ralph W. 1951-1952 Munk, Lewis Osborne, F. Edward 1989-1990 1890-1893 Munro, D.R. 1899-1901 Osmond, Alfred Munsey, C.M. 1939-1942 1973-1976 Otter, C.L. “Butch” Munson, Charles J. 1899-1902 1913-1914,1927-1930 Oversmith, August H. Murdock, Leo D. 1939-1940,1943-1950 Owen, William F. 1903-1904 1937-1938,1941-1944, Oxley, Edmond R. 1901-1902 Murphy, Arthur P. 1951-1952 2012-2018 Packer, Kelley 1939-1940 Murphy, Ira G. Page, Alfred 1903-1904 1959-1972 Murphy, William J. Paine, John D. 1939-1940 1899-1901 Murray, Joseph H. Paisley, Oscar C. 1925-1928 2003-2004 Naccarato, Mike Palmer, Jenkin L. 1957-1972 Nafziger, Pattie 1991-1994 Palmer Joe 2008-2018 Nate, Ronald 2014-2018 Palmer, W. Dean 1953-1962 1977-1990 Neibaur, Mack Wm. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 239

250 (continued) House of Representatives 1905-1906 Porter, L.J. 1953-1958 Paris, Ralph 1963-1966 Posnick, John Vernon 1927-1932 Parish, Fred T. 1953-1954 Potter, Grant 1911-1912,1923-1924 Parker, Ernest L. 1957-1960 Potvin, Gregg Parks, John S. 1913-1914 Powell, B.H. 1935-1936 Parks, Raymond G. 1979-1992 1901-1902 Powell, Henry F. 1921-1922 Parrish, Jay M. Powell, S.C. 1933-1934 1965-1966 Parsley, Merle D. 1961-1964 Powers, Charles Parsons, Charles A. 1909-1910 1935-1938 Powers, H.E. 2003-2010 Pasley-Stuart, Anne 1905-1906 Powers, Harvey B. Patch, L.V. 1909-1910 1923-1926, 1941-1942 Preston, Elford Chilcote Patrick, Jim 2006-2012 Preston, Joe 1965-1968 Patterson, Geo. 1919-1920 Preston, Thomas 1903-1904,1921-1924 Patterson, Homer G. 1899-1901 1965-1968 Patterson, Horace J. 1890-1893 Price, Lyttleton Patterson, Mark 2013-2014 1903-1904 Price, Richard Paulson, C.O. 1951-1954 Pugh, H.A. 1919-1920 1979-1983 Paxman, Gary L. Pugmire, Edward M. 1897-1898 Payton, W.O. 1951-1952 Pyeatt, Thomas 1890-1893 1999-2002 Pearce, Monty J. Pyke, Francis A. 1901-1904 1927-1928 Pearson, Art C. Pyle, Wm. 1951-1956 Pearson, Harry P. 1939-1940 Quinlan, John T. 1917-1918 1937-1942 Peck, Arthur B. Quinn, John J. 1965-1966 1921-1924 Peck, W.H. 1955-1956 Rambeau, Edward C. Peckham, Cecil R. 1917-1920 Rambeau, Ione E. 1957-1960 1903-1904 Peede, Frank 1933-1938 Ramey, Louis F. Pence, Arthur 1901-1902 1963-1964 Rammell, Max H. Pence, Donna 2004-2016 1890-1893 Ramsey, F.C. Pence, Peter 1901-1902 1915-1916 Randall, Fred S. Penfold, B. 1939-1940 Randleman, C.W. 1941-1942 Penford, V. 1937-1938 Randolph, John S. 1895-1898 1927-1928 Pennington, J.H. Rasmussen, John A. 1937-1942 1897-1898 Perkins, William Y. Ravenscroft, Vernon F. 1963-1974 1961-1968 Permann, Ernest L. 1933-1936 Ray, D.C. 2010-2018 Perry, Christy Raybould, Dell 2000-2018 1987-1992 Peters, Ralph B. Raymond, W.L. 1923-1924 Petersen, Clyde C. 1961-1962 1969-1980 Reardon, John F. Peterson, Ephraim 1899-1901 2014-2018 Redman, Eric Pettibone, N.B. 1945-1946 Redman, James 1907-1908 Pettygrove, E.N. 1927-1932 1899-1901 Redwine, Hyram G. Philbrick, W.H. 1909-1910 Reed, Wm. T. 1931-1932 Phillips, M.E. 1929-1930 1961-1962 Reich, Fred Pieper, Don 1955-1966 1959-1962,1965-1992 Reid, Harold W. 1995-1996 Pietsch, Carol Reid, James 1903-1904 Pincock, George A. 1911-1912 1939-1942 Reinke, H.C. 1967-1970 Pino, John Hardy Remsberg, Jr., John 1941 Pischner, Don 1995-2002 Reynolds, Boyd L. 1921-1924 1949-1950 Plye, William 1975-1980,1983-2000 Reynolds, Dorothy L. Pomeroy, Horace B. 1899-1901 Reynolds, Samuel M.C. 1989-2002 “Hod” Rhodes, James L. 1955-1956 Pond, L. Sumner 1921-1922 Riblett, Frank 1903-1904,1909-1910 Pond, M.A. 1925-1926 1971-1976 Rice, Edward W. “Ed” 1943-1946 Porter, Arthur 1897-1898 Rice, John C. 1890-1893 Porter, C.D. Rich, A.M. “Kay” 1959-1960 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 240

251 House of Representatives (continued) Sanderson, L. Devon 1963-1964 1909-1910 Rich, Edward C. Sanderson, T.A. 1927-1928 1929-1930 Rich, R.C. 1913-1914 Sargent, Wm. 1905-1906 Richards, A.A. Satterfield, A.Y. 1933-1936 1905-1906 Richards, James H. Sauer, Wm. 1927-1930 Richards, Jesse H. 1917-1918 Sayler, George C 2003-2010 1905-1906 Richards, Wilford W. Scanlin, Steven F. 1977-1980 Richards, Wm. 1901-1902 1981-1988 Scates, Robert M. “Bob” Richardson, Melvin M. 1989-1992 “Mel” 1985-2012 Schaefer, Robert E. Richman, Diana Schmitt, Julius 1945-1948 1995-1998 Siddoway 1919-1920 Schroeder, August 1909-1910 Ricks, Nathan 1945-1948 Schroeder, Bert Ricks, Peter J. 1951-1952 Schultz, David 1945-1946 Ridinger, Tim 1995-2004 Schutt, John 1909-1910 1931-1932 Rieman, Elmer W. 1941-1944 Schwendiman, Sam 1977-1979 Ries, K. Jim 1943-1950 Schwiebert, Erwin H. Rigby, William F. 1897-1898 1890-1893 Scofield, A.L. 2003-2007 Ring, Robert "Bob" Scoresby, Clifford N. 1967-1976 Ringo, Shirley G. 1999-2000,2003-2014 1983-1986 Scott, Donna Ritchie, S.W. 1939-1944 Scott, Heather 2014-2018 Robbins, Gary 1985-1990 1901-1902 Scott, J.T. Robbins, Lewis 1919-1920 1959-1960 Scott, Ted Legislative Robbins, Ray 1953-1956 Scrivner, W.D. 1931-1932 Roberts, Ken A. 2001-2012 Sears, C.L. 1941-1942 1965-1976 Roberts, William 1897-1898 Seat, William J. Robertson, Alexander 1907-1908 Seawell, J.L. 1893-1894 S. 1957-1958 Self, Kenneth Robertson, J.D. 1933-1934 1925-1926 Selix, C.M. Robertson, James 1919-1920 1999-2002 Sellman, Sher Robison, Kenneth L. 1987-2004 Sessions, John O. 1967-1992 Roche, O.G. 1951-1952 Severson, Hyrum 1919-1922 1913-1914 Rockwood, A.J. Sewell, W.J. 1949-1960 1897-1898 Rogers, James J. 1935-1936 Sharp, J.M. 1963-1966 Rogers, Max D. Sharp, Michael T. 1981-1983 2012-2016 Romrell, Paul 1913-1916 Shattuck, Warren Rosenkranz, Joe 1949-1950 1907-1910 Shaw, D.D. 1913-1914 Rosevear, Joseph 1917-1920 Shearer, Wm. S. 1917-1918 Ross, Hugh P. 1909-1910 Sheean, Charles 1907-1908 Rossi, Herman J. 1959-1962 Shepard, Allan G. Rowton, Joshua G. 1895-1896 1937-1938 Shepherd, F.T. 2014-2018 Rubel, Ilana 1999-2010 Shepherd, Mary Lou Rudd, George F. 1929-1934 Shepherd, Paul E. 2004-2018 Rudolph, Dan 2014-2016 1939-1944 Shinnick, J.D. Ruchti, James D. 2007-2010 Shirley, Mack G. 2003-2012 Rusche, John 2004-2016 Shively, Jerry 2007-2008 Ryan, Frank 1913-1914 Shurtliff, M. Karl 1963-1964 Ryan, Wm. J. 1949-1950 Shutt, John 1905-1906 Rydalch, Ann 2003-2006 1935-1936 Siddoway, J.C. 1905-1906 Sage, A.A. Siddoway, James 1915-1916 1991-2006 Sali, William T. “Bill” Simpson, Erik 2009-2012 Sallaz, Daryl S. 1977-1978 Simpson, Michael K. 1985-1998 1909-1912 Sanborn, H.M. Sims, H.M. 1917-1918 Sanborn, John C. 1921-1930 2010-2016 Sims, Kathleen 1895-1896 Sanders, John J. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 241

252 House of Representatives (continued) Stainton, Wallace B. 1899-1901 1913-1914 Sinclair, M.J. Staley, W.A. 1907-1908 Sisson, Nathan G. 1897-1898 Stamm, L.E. 1929-1930 1890-1893 Skattaboe, K.O. Stanford, Thomas C. 1907-1908 2003-2006 Skippen, Kathy Stanger, A.E. 1919-1922 1985-1988 Slater, Ron Stanger, Marilyn 1985-1986 Slavin, Ted 1955-1958 Stark, John F. 1899-1901 1929-1930 Small, L.E. 1941-1942 Starr, Clyde Smith, B.H. 1890-1893 1957-1962 Stebbins, Naomi E. 2000-2018 Smith, Elaine Steele, James E. 1903-1904 Smith, Frank E. 1925-1926 1987-1996 Steele, Ralph J. Smith, Fred J. 1967-1968 1943-1944 Steenson, Nellie C. Smith, John L. 1895-1896 Steger, Herm 1987-1992 Smith, Leander W. 1903-1904 1999-2012 Smith, Leon E 1927-1928 Steinkopf, Harold Smith, Lester P. 1905-1906 Stennett, W. Clinton 1991-1994 1899-1901 Smith, Lindol Stephan, Frank L. 1925-1926 1901-1902 Smith, Louis Stephens, David C. 1893-1894 Smith, M.W. 1911-1912 1911-1912 Stephens, George W. Smith, Samuel N. 1905-1906 Stephens, George W. 1933-1934 Smith, Sherman H. 1917-1918 1899-1901 Stephens, Joseph C. 1931-1938 Smith, Troy D. Stephens, William N. 1905-1906 1933-1934 Smith, Victor 1977-1982 Stephenson, Kenneth 1976-1983 Smith, Virginia D. 1901-1902 Stephenson, Wm. D. Smith, W.T. 1923-1924 1890-1893 Steunenberg, Frank Smith, Walter H. 1890-1891 1993-1994 Stevens, Dean 1933-1934,1937-1938 Smith, William A. Stevenson, John A. 1997-2012 "Bert" 1945-1946,1949-1952 Smith, William C. Stevenson, Thyra 2013-2014, 2016-2018 1905-1908 Smith, Wyckliffe R. 1931-1932 Stewart, Donald 1985-1990 Smock, Emerson Stinson, C.C. 1921-1922 Smylie, Steve 1999-2006 1975-1986 Stivers, T.W. Smyser, C.A. “Skip” 1981-1982 Stodghill, Howard C. 1949-1950 1943-1944 Sneddon, T.N. Stoicheff, James F. 1979-2000 2003-2008 Snodgrass, Mark A. Stoker, Jeff 1985-1986 1909-1910,1921-1922 Snook, Jr., John W. 1985-1986 Stone, Harry A. 1931-1932,1935-1936, Snow, Arthur 1939-1946 Stone, Ruby R. 1986-2002 Snow, Edwin A. 1947-1950 1909-1914,1917-1922 Storey, Charles D. Snow, George M. 1901-1902 Storey, Jas. J. 1893-1894 Snow, Harold 1953-1974 Storey, Ray F. 1951-1954 Snow, Wm. 1919-1920 Strasser, Mike 1981-1987 Snyder, Theodore 1967-1968 Streitz, E.E. 1917-1918 Snyder, Thomas M. 1973-1978 1911-1912 Strode, Amos M. Sonner, Milo G. 1923-1924 1965-1966 Stroschein, Roy 1985-1987 Sorensen, Dean E. Struthers, Charles E. 1917-1918 1929-1930 Sorensen, J.C. 1991-1998 Stubbs, Mark 1987-1992 Sorensen, Sheila Stucki, Eugene B. 1979-1988 1911-1912 Sorenson, James P. Stucki, Willard W. 1979 1923-1924 Space, C.W. 1937-1938 Sullivan, J.E. 1905-1906 Spaulding, J.H. 1939-1942 Sullivan, W.E. Speck, Robert W. 1985-1986 Summers, H. Dean 1963-1966 1890-1893 Sperry, I.S. Summers, Harry L. 1925-1928 Spoor, Charles E. 1927-1930 Suplee, F.B. 1925-1928 1977-1980 Spurgeon, L.C. “Jack” Surridge, James 1907-1908,1923-1924 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 242

253 House of Representatives (continued) Thompson, Robert C. 1911-1912 1919-1920 Sutcliffe, R.L. Thompson, William L. 1895-1896 Sutton, A.O. 1929-1930 Thoreson, Edward 1925-1926 Sutton, W. Clay 1955-1968 Thornburg, L.H. 1935-1936 Sutton, Wayne 1983-1991 Thorne, Oliver J. 1917-1918 1991-1996 Sutton, Gertrude 1933-1938 Thornton, W.C. 1890-1894 Suydam, Eli S. Thrailkill, L.W. 1915-1916 Swan, George 2001 Tibbitts, Wayne E. 1969-1982 Swanger, S.A. 1890-1893 Tilman, Fred 1991-2004 Swank, Gladys 1965-1968 Timm, William D. 1905-1906 Sweeney, Bruce L. 1971-1974 Tippets, John H. 1988-2000 Sweet, W.N. 1915-1916 2016-2018 Toone, Sally Sweetser, Lewis 1901-1902,1905-1906 Toomer, Harold R. 1931-1932 Swenson, Leon H. 1965-1968 Swenson, Royal 1945-1946 Trail, Tom 1997-2012 Swift, Owen 1923-1924 1917-1918 Transtrum, Ola 1953-1958,1975-1976 Swisher, Perry 1967-1972 Tregoning, Margot 2016-2018 Syme, Scott 1901-1902 Triesch, Peter 1917-1918 Symour, Walter R. Trillhaase, Martin B. 1981-1984 2009-2012 Takasugi, Pat 1915-1916 Trotter, Frank E. Talboy, Walter E. 1923-1932,1935-1936 2014-2018 Troy, Caroline Nilsson Tapper, W.J. 1925-1930 Trujillo, Janet 2012-2018 Tarnagin, M.L. 1921-1922 Tucker, Ed 1939-1940 Legislative Tate, David G. 1939-1942,1947-1950 1983-1989 Tucker, Tim 1925-1926 Taylor, A.E. 1939-1940 Tueller, Ed Taylor, Bryan E. 1941-1946 1947-1948 Tufts, Leland 1941-1942 Taylor, C.G. Turk, Joe R. 1935-1938 1911-1914 Taylor, David A. Turner, Ed J. 1893-1894 1923-1932 Taylor, E.T. Turner, Frank D. 1929-1932 1947-1948 Taylor, Edith 1905-1906 Turner, Fred J. 1931-1934,1939-1940 Taylor, Ira J. Turner, Harry B. 1957-1964 Taylor, LaVaughn 1945-1946,1959-1960 1933-1934 Turner, W.H. Taylor, S.D. 1907-1908 Twilegar, Ron J. 1975-1976 1909-1910 Taylor, Sam F. 1919-1920 Tyer, W.H. 1915-1916 Taylor, W. Wm. Tyler, Ed 1939-1940 1909-1910 Taylor, W.H. 1915-1918 Tyler, J.W. 1987-2000 Taylor, W.O. “Bill” 1977-1981 Ungricht, Wendy A. Taylor, Wilford J. 1935-1938,1941-1942 1921-1922 Van de Steeg, Geo. Terrel, T.F. “Tommy” 1955-1966 1895-1896 Vance, Charles C. Terrell, Robert M. 1911-1912 Vandenberg, Marvin 1951-1960,1989-1996 Thatcher, Henry K. 1917-1918 Vander Woude, John 2006-2008,2010-2018 Thatcher, John B. 1899-1901 VanOrden, Julie 2012-2018 Thayn, Steven 2007-2012 1939-1944 Vaughn, George Thomas, Charles D. 1903-1906 Verbeck, Lyell E. 1895-1896 1982-1984 Thomas, D. Cornell Vernon, Paul 1947-1954 1897-1898 Thomas, John R. 1943-1954 Vetter, Jesse 1895-1896 Thomas, Lorenzo R. 1987-1992 Vickers, Deanna 1919-1924 Thomas, R.E. Vieselmeyer, Ron 1989-1990 1925-1928 Thomason, Lewis M. Vincent, Larry R. 1987-1992 1976 Thompson, Clarence E. 1943-1948,1951-1952 Vincent, Wilbur D. 1931-1932 Thompson, Frank M. Waddoups, T.C. 1935-1936,1939-1950 Thompson, James M. 1909-1910 Wagner, Joe N. 1967-1980 Thompson, Jeff 2008-2018 Waite, John C. 1897-1898 1919-1920 Thompson, L.A. 1937-1938 Walker, Charles H. CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 243

254 House of Representatives (continued) 1919-1920 Whitman, E.D. 1911-1912 Walker, Chas. H. Whitney, J.F. 1925-1928 1921-1922 Walker, J.P. 1953-1954 Whittier, R.M. 1979-1981 Walker, Joseph W. Whittle, Cyril M. 1937-1938 1977-1978 Walker, Kent S. Whittle, Perry D. 1935-1936 1895-1896 Walker, William A. 1961-1962 Whitworth, Herbert K. Wallace, F.H. 1947-1948 Wickberg, Ralph H. 1953-1956 1897-1900 Wallentine, Christian 1917-1918 Wickham, R.E. Walters, Edward A. 1901-1902 1933-1934 Widdison, J.H. Walton, Fred 1955-1966 1987-1996 Wilde, Gayle Ann 1911-1912 Wanick, Chas. L. Willes, R.S. 1949-1954 Ward, LaVell G. 1953-1954 1937-1942 Williams, Arnold 2012-2013 Ward-Engelking, Janie Williams, Edward V. 1963-1972 Waring, Ira S. 1895-1896 Williams, Luke Warner, Floyd 1947-1948 1923-1926 Warnick, Charles 1913-1914 1999-2000 Williams, Stanley J. 1915-1916,1921-1922 Waters, J.A. Williams, W.J. 1923-1924 1897-1898 Waters, Julius S. Williams, William S.M. 1907-1908 Watson, Larry C. 1997-1999 1903-1904 Willis, Henry Wearne, Roger 1913-1914 Wills, Richard "Rich" 2002-2016 Weaver, I.A. 1939-1946 Willoughby, James M. 1909-1910 1907-1908 Weaver, Lawrence J. Wilson, Arthur 1939-1940,1943-1953 1967-1970 Webb, Jay L. Wilson, Ben F. 1933-1936 1915-1916 Webb, M.N. Wilson, C.B. 1923-1932,1935-1936 1957-1962 Webster, Bill 1911-1912 Wilson, Henry G. 1905-1906,1909-1910 Webster, James O. 1897-1898 Wilson, Reil E. Webster, James W. 1907-1910 Winchester, Lyman 1973-1986 Gene 1919-1922 Weeks, Cecil 1967-1968 Winder, Don 1917-1918 Welsh, Thomas 1909-1910 Windship, F.M. Werner, Albert E. 1903-1904 Winkler, Charles 1951-1964 1973-1980 Wesche, Percival A. Wintrow, Melissa 2014-2018 1907-1908 Wessels, Martin J. 1909-1910 Wodward, James Wessels, Tony 1955-1968 Wolfe, Guy W. 1925-1926 West, Harry T. 1907-1908 Wolters, Albert 1895-1896 Westcott, W. Rex 1947-1948 2006-2018 Wood, Fred 1975-1978 Westerberg, Russell A. Wood, JoAn E. 1983-2014 1949-1950 Westerlund, B.A. 1911-1912 Wood, John J. 1951-1958 Westfall, Frank L. 1939-1946 Wood, Thomas B. Wheeler, Cameron 1997-2002 2013-2014 Woodings, Hollli 1957-1958 Wheeler, Earl L. 1915-1916 Woodward, Frank E. Wheeler, Jr., Ralph 1973-1976 Workman, Louis E. 1893-1894,1897-1898 Wherry, Benjamin 1963-1964 1969-1974,1977-1978 Worthen, Paul W. Whiffin, C.W. 1907-1908 1913-1914 Wright, Chas. White, Alfred L. 1963-1966,1971 Wright, Gustavus J. 1905-1906 White, Carrie H. 1919-1920 Wright, Junius B. 1897-1898 White, Fred 1903-1904 Wright, Mary A. 1899-1901 White, Eugene "Gino" 1987-1994 Wright, S.B. 1939-1940 1901-1902 White, J.C. Wright, Silas L. 1933-1936,1939-1942 1925-1932 White, Rush J. Wright, Wally 1991-1994 1907-1908 White, Willard Wyatt, D.J. 1925-1926 White, Sr., Albert 1937-1938 Wyman, Frank T. 1895-1896,1907-1908 Whitehead, Donald S. 1923-1924,1927-1930 Yates, John E. 1901-1902 1939-1944 Whitlow, W.W. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 244

255 House of Representatives (continued) 1953-1954 Young, Merlin S. Yearian, Emma R. 1931-1932 1895-1896 Young, Norman H. 1893-1894,1901-1902 Yearian, Gilbert F. 1949-1956 Young, Jr., R.H. “Bill” 1919-1920 Yorgensen, Soren 2012-2018 Youngblood, Rick D. 1915-1916 York, George W. Youngkin, Walter 1931-1932 1957-1960 Yost, C. Robert Ziemann, Dan 1941-1942 1917-1922 Young, D.L. 1997-2000 Zimmermann, Christian 1977-1981 Young, Darwin L. 2016-2018 Zito, Christy 2001-2002 Young, Gary F. Zollinger, Bryan 2016-2018 1895-1896 Young, James D. Photo Courtesy of Laura Weston Twin Falls Canal Company Legislative CHAPTER 4: Legislative Branch 245

256 St. James Church Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Arco Baptist Community Church Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society 246 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

257 Judicial Branch Idaho Supreme Court Photo courtesy of Bill Farnsworth

258 STATE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS - The Supreme Court, as supervisor of the entire court system, estab lishes statewide rules and policies for the operation of its functions and that of the district courts. The state is divided into seven judicial districts, each encompassing four to ten counties. This regional struc - ture is designed to delegate authority to the judicial districts and to insure their participation in policy decisions while maintaining uniform, statewide rules and procedures. An administrative district judge, chosen by the other district judges in the district, performs a number of administrative duties in addition to handling a judicial case load. The administrative district judge, assisted by a trial court administrator, manages court operations in the district, assigns judges to cases, and coordinates activities of the clerks of the district courts. Final recommendations for local court budgets and facilities are made by the administrative judge, as well as personnel decisions for the district. The administrative judge also jointly supervises the deputy clerks of the district courts. The administrative judge additionally serves as chair of the district magistrates com- mission, a representative body of county commissioners, mayors, citizens, and private attorneys which, among other things, appoints magistrate judges to their initial terms of office. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 248

259 IDAHO COURTS reform efforts which culminated on court system today is recognized Idaho’s January 11, 1971, streamlined Idaho’s as a model for other states. Constitutional trial courts by consolidating the various amendments in the early 1960’s gave probate, justice and municipal courts into the Idaho Supreme Court management a general jurisdiction District Court, with authority over the trial courts, firmly a division for special types of actions. Thus establishing the Supreme Court’s rule unified, Idaho’s court system is one of the making powers and providing a method nation’s most modern in design. of supervising trial operations. The judicial Supreme Court T he history of the Supreme Court Justices’ offices and courtroom, in the of Idaho begins with the history of the Supreme Court Building in Boise. The Justices of the Supreme Court are Idaho Territory. Idaho was made a elected at large, on a non-partisan ballot, territory in 1863 and the first Justices for a term of six years with their terms of the Territorial Supreme Court were being staggered so continuity on the Court appointed by President Abraham Lincoln. will be maintained. A candidate for Justice When Idaho became a state in 1890, the must be a qualified elector and a duly Constitution provided for three Justices. qualified attorney-at-law. The Chief Justice By an amendment in 1919, the number of is selected by a majority of the members of Justices was fixed at five, composed of a the court to serve a four year term, with the Chief Justice and four Justices. That is the responsibility of presiding over the Court present size of the Court. Supreme Court of Idaho is the The activities during this term. State’s court of last resort. The Court hears Since the primary judicial work of the Idaho Supreme Court consists of hearing appeals from final decisions of the district appeals and motions, procedures in the courts, as well as from orders of the Public Supreme Court are much different from Utilities Commission and the Industrial those in the trial courts. The appellant, Accident Commission. It has original Judicial usually the losing party in the trial court, jurisdiction to hear claims against the state attempts to convince the Supreme Court and to issue writs of review, mandamus, that error was committed in the lower prohibition, and habeas corpus, and all court, and that judgment against him or her writs necessary for complete exercise of is erroneous. The respondent, usually the its appellate jurisdiction. The Court may winning party in the lower court, argues also review decisions of the Court of that the judgment below was correct. No Appeals upon petition of the parties or witnesses are heard at a regular session of its own motion. For the convenience of the Court and there is no jury. litigants, the Idaho Supreme Court is one A case on appeal is presented to the of the few “circuit riding” supreme courts Court upon the record of a lower court or in the country, and holds terms of court in administrative agency and upon the briefs Boise, Coeur d’Alene, Moscow, Lewiston, and arguments of attorneys for the parties. Pocatello, Rexburg, Idaho Falls, Caldwell The briefs are the written explanations of and Twin Falls. The Supreme Court is also responsible the appellants’ and respondents’ versions for the administration and supervision of of the case prepared by their attorneys. the trial courts and Court of Appeals, as During the sessions, attorneys for the well as the operations of the Administrative parties present their arguments and the Office of the Courts, the combined Supreme Justices of the Court may ask questions on Court and Court of Appeals Clerk’s Office their own if they feel that a particular point and the State Law Library. The latter of law needs clarifying. operations are located, along with the CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 249

260 Court of Appeals the appeal. In most cases, decisions by the The Idaho Court of Appeals hears Court of Appeals are final. appeals from the district courts which are assigned by the Supreme Court. While The Court of Appeals has four judges review of decisions of the Court of Appeals who review cases as a panel. While may be sought from the Supreme Court, chambered in Boise, the judges may hear the Supreme Court is not required to grant appeals arguments anywhere in the state. Trial Courts probate of wills and the administration The district court is the trial court of estates of decedents and incapacitated of general jurisdiction. A magistrate persons; juvenile proceedings; criminal division exercises limited jurisdiction. misdemeanor offenses; proceedings to The magistrate division, in turn, has a prevent the commission of crimes; may small claims department. While individual issue warrants for the arrest or for searches judges may serve either in district court and seizures; and may conduct preliminary cases or magistrate division cases, it is one hearings to determine probable cause on integrated court. felony complaints. The district court judges have original There are 87 magistrate judges, with jurisdiction in all cases and proceedings. They may issue extraordinary writs, and at least one magistrate judge resident may also hear appeals from the magistrate within each county. Magistrate judges division, and certain agencies and boards. also hear small claims cases. These are There are 42 district court judges, who sit minor civil cases where $4,000 or less is in each of the 44 counties. They are Idaho involved. The small claims department is attorneys, elected by nonpartisan ballot designed to provide a quick, inexpensive within the judicial district in which they solution to such claims, including cases to serve. Each district court judge is served recover possession of personal property by a court reporter who makes a record of up to a value of $4,000. No attorneys all proceedings and testimony in a case. are allowed in small claims cases, nor are there jury trials. Appeals from small J udges of the magistrate division claims decisions are taken to a lawyer may hear civil cases where the amount magistrate judge. Additionally, seven of damages requested does not exceed district trial court administrators assist $10,000; proceedings in a forcible entry, the Administrative District Judge and the forcible detainer and unlawful detainer; for Administrative Director of the Courts with the limited enforcement and foreclosure of the administration of the district court. common law and statutory liens on real or personal property; proceedings in the Administrative Director of the Courts of the judicial system. The Supreme Court The Administrative Director of the prescribes the following additional duties Courts, acting under the supervision and to be performed under the supervision direction of the Chief Justice of the Supreme and direction of the Chief Justice, which Court, has a number of statutory duties include: which are specified in Idaho Code Section 1-612, including collecting statistical 1. ompile and prepare the annual C information about court operations, judicial appropriations request for reporting the need for assistance in the consideration and approval by the handling of pending cases in the trial Court; courts, preparing an annual report for the 2. Develop and administer judicial Supreme Court and Governor, examining training seminars and educational the administrative and business methods programs for the judges and court and systems employed in the offices of clerks of Idaho. the judges, clerks and other offices of the Review and recommend to the 3. courts, and making recommendations to Court calendar management the Supreme Court for the improvement policies. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 250

261 4. Advise the news media and the Idaho. 5. Liaison for the court system as a public of official functions of the Court and matters of general whole with the legislature. interest concerning the courts in Supreme Court Clerk valuable resource to district court clerks in The constitutional office of the Clerk providing assistance and advice regarding of the Supreme Court performs a variety the preparation of the clerk’s record and of important tasks for the judiciary. The other relevant documents associated clerk’s office administers the processing with an appeal of a trial court decision. of appeals, special writs, petitions, is Idaho Reports The publication of the and provides other clerical functions coordinated by the Supreme Court Clerk’s of the Supreme Court and the Court office. Opinions of both the Supreme Court of Appeals. The Supreme Court Clerk and the Court of Appeals are posted on the manages the calendars of both appellate internet within 24 hours of their release, courts, maintains an automated register these opinions can be found at: www.isc. of actions, which assures proper flow of idaho.gov/judicial.html cases and distribution of final opinions. The Supreme Court Clerk’s Office is a State Law Library is a depository for U.S. government The Idaho State Law Library was publications. established in 1869 under an Idaho territorial statute. It is operated by the The bound volume collection includes State Law Librarian and is open to the the reported cases of all federal and state public. The Law Library is a research library courts of last resort, the statutes and session not a lending library, that is widely used laws for each of the 50 states, together with by the judiciary, public officials, lawyers, some statutes and case reports of other students, researchers and the general English-speaking peoples. The State Law public. The state law library contains Library offers access to automated legal more than 130,000 bound volumes and research tools such as WESTLAW and thousands of pamphlets and unbound LEXIS. The internet address for the State Judicial publications. In addition, the library Law Library is www.isll.idaho.gov/ Judicial Council recommend to the Supreme Court the Th e Idaho Judicial Council is removal, discipline or retirement of a empowered by statute to nominate to the justice, judge, or magistrate judge. For Governor persons for appointments to additional information contact: vacancies in the Supreme Court, Court of Robert G. Hamlin, Executive Director; Appeals, and district courts. It may make Website: www2.state.id.us/ijc recommendations to the Supreme Court for the removal, discipline and retirement of judicial officers. It is comprised of Administrative Director seven members: the Chief Justice of the and Court Staff Supreme Court, who is chairman, a district court judge and two lawyers appointed Supreme Court Building, by the governing board of the Idaho bar 451 W. State, Boise 83720-0101 with the consent of the state senate and Administrative Director-Sara Thomas three non-attorney members appointed Director of Court Management - Janica by the Governor with the consent of the Bisharat, Staff Attorney - Cathy Derden senate. Sitting in its disciplinary capacity, the Council may investigate complaints A complete directory can be found at: against justices, court of appeals judges or http://isc.idaho.gov/files/judicial_ judges of the district courts or magistrate directory.pdf divisions, and in appropriate cases it may CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 251

262 Chief Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court Roger S. Burdick Justice Burdick received his Bachelor’s of Science degree in Finance from the University of Colorado in 1970 and graduated from the University of Idaho School of Law with a Juris Doctorate in 1974. From 1970 to 1971, he worked as a bank examiner with the Department of Finance. From 1974 to 1980, he worked with the law firm of Webb, Pike, Burton & Carlson in Twin Falls, Idaho, then as Deputy Prosecuting Attorney in Ada County, and finally as a partner with the law firm of Hart and Burdick, in Jerome, Idaho. While with Hart and Burdick from 1976 to 1980, he served as a Public Defender in Camas, Lincoln, Jerome and Gooding Counties, as well as a general law practice. In November 1980, he was elected as Prosecuting Attorney for Jerome County. From September 1981 to September 1993, he served as Magistrate Judge in Jerome County. During that time, he was appointed the first Magistrate Member of the Idaho Judicial Council, President of Idaho Magistrate Association and Chairman of Juvenile Rules Committee, and served on numerous other committees. In September 1993, he was appointed District Judge in Twin Falls County and has served on various Idaho Supreme Court advisory committees, including Chairman of I.A.R. 32 Rules Committee. He again served on the Idaho Judicial Council from 1995 to 2001 as the District Court member. He served as President of the District Judges Association from 2001 to 2003. In 2001, he was assigned to preside over the Snake River Basin Adjudication. In January 2001, he was appointed the Administrative Judge for the Fifth Judicial District. Finally, in August, 2003 he was appointed to be the fifty-third Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court by Governor Dirk Kempthorne. He was reelected to that position in 2004, 2010 and 2016. Judge Burdick was elected Chief Justice in 2011. Jim Jones became Chief Justice for 2016, but when he announced his 2017 retirement Judge Burdick was re-elected as Chief Justice for another four-year term. Salary: $142,000 Term Expires: January 2023 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 252

263 Idaho Supreme Court Justice Robyn M. Brody Justice Robyn Brody practiced law for nearly 20 years in the Magic Valley until her election to the Idaho Supreme Court in November of 2016. She graduated from the University of Denver, earning a law degree and a master’s degree in international business. Justice Brody moved to Twin Falls with her husband after law school and joined the prominent law firm of Hepworth, Lezamiz & Hohnhorst, where she practiced for 13 years. Justice Brody and her family moved to Rupert in 2010 where she started her own law firm. Justice Brody was named as Mountain States Super Lawyer and Rising Star; recipient of the Idaho State Bar’s Professionalism Award – 2014; received the highest ranking from peers for understanding the law and commitment to the rule of law in a survey conducted by the Idaho State Bar; served as the President of the Fifth District Bar Association, the Theron W. Ward American Inn of Court, and the Idaho Trial Lawyers Association; and spent time volunteering to strengthen Idaho’s legal community. She served as a mentor and presenter at the Idaho Trial Skills Academy, a new lawyer training program. Justice Brody and her husband have been married for 20 years, and the couple have two active boys, ages 9 and 11. She enjoys spending time with her boys in numerous sports and activities, including football, tae kwon do and piano. She is an active member of the Catholic Church and is a past president of the School Board of St. Nicholas Catholic School. Judicial Salary: $140,000 Term Expires: January 2023 CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 253

264 Idaho Supreme Court Justice Daniel T. Eismann Justice Eismann was raised in Owyhee County and graduated in 1965 from Vallivue High School near Caldwell, Idaho. He enrolled at the University of Idaho, and in 1967 he left the University to enlist in the United States Army. He served two consecutive tours of duty in Vietnam where, as a crew chief/ door gunner on a Huey gunship, he was awarded two purple hearts for being wounded in combat and three medals for heroism. After being honorably discharged from the military, he returned to the University of Idaho where he received his undergraduate degree and then graduated cum laude from law school in 1976. After practicing law for ten years, Justice Eismann was appointed as the Magistrate Judge in Owyhee County. As a magistrate judge, he was a member of the Region III Council for Children and Youth; he helped create Children’s Voices, Inc., an organization to recruit, train and oversee guardians ad litem to represent the interests of neglected and abused children in court proceedings; he organized and served upon a community diversion board to handle outside the judicial system first-time juvenile offenders who committed minor crimes; and he chaired the Canyon County Juvenile Justice Task Force. In 1995, he was appointed as a district judge in Ada County. Convinced that there must be a more effective way to deal with the burgeoning drug problem, Justice Eismann began working to set up a drug court in Ada County. In 1998, Ada County was awarded a federal grant, and the drug court began receiving participants in February 1999. Justice Eismann presided over that drug court until just prior to taking office as a Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court. The Ada County Drug Court has proved effective in reducing recidivism and getting addicts off drugs so that they can restore their lives, rebuild their family relationships, and become productive members of the community. In 1998, the other district judges elected Justice Eismann as the Administrative District Judge for the Fourth Judicial District, consisting of Ada, Boise, Elmore, and Valley Counties. While a district judge, he also served on the Ada County Domestic Violence Task Force. In 2000, the people of Idaho elected Justice Eismann to the Idaho Supreme Court, where he began serving on January 2, 2001. He also serves as chair of the statewide Drug Court and Mental Health Court Coordinating Committee, and has served on and chaired various other Supreme Court committees. He is a member and past-president of the Boise Chapter of the Inns of Court and has served on the boards of the Idaho State Bar Lawyers Assistance Program, which provides assistance to lawyers with substance abuse or mental health problems, and of the Idaho Law Foundation. He also served as co-chair of Idaho Partners Against Domestic Violence and on the Criminal Justice Commission, and is a member of the Law Advisory Council for the University of Idaho College of Law. Justice Eismann served as the Chief Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court from August 1, 2007, to July 31, 2011, and he also served on the Board of Directors for the Conference of Chief Justices. In 2009, he was inducted into the National Association of Drug Court Professionals Stanley M. Goldstein Hall of Fame, and in 2013 he received the Faith, Family, and Freedom Award from the God & Country Association, Inc. Salary: $140,000 Term Expires: January 2019 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 254

265 Idaho Supreme Court Justice Joel Horton Joel Horton was born in Nampa, Idaho in 1959. He graduated from Borah High School in Boise before attending the University of Washington. He received a B.A. in Political Science in 1982 and his J.D. from the University of Idaho College of Law in 1985. Justice Horton practiced law in Lewiston for one year before marrying future Ada County Magistrate Carolyn Minder and moving to Twin Falls. He was a deputy prosecuting attorney in Twin Falls from 1986 - 1988. He worked as a criminal deputy with the Ada County Prosecutor for three years before becoming a Deputy Attorney General in 1991. He returned to the Ada County Prosecutor’s Office in 1992, serving as a deputy criminal prosecutor until 1994. In 1994, Justice Horton was appointed Ada County magistrate, serving as a family law judge until his appointment to the district court in 1996 by Governor Phil Batt. He served as a district judge until his appointment to the Idaho Supreme Court. In September of 2007, Governor C. L. “Butch” Otter appointed Justice Horton to succeed Justice Linda Copple Trout. Justice Horton was re-elected to his current term in 2014. Salary: $140,000 Term Expires: January 2019 Judicial CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 255

266 Idaho Supreme Court Justice Warren E. Jones Justice Warren E. Jones is an Idaho native who was born in Montpelier, Idaho in 1943. He attended grade school in Ogden, Utah, spending summers with his grandparents on a farm in Burley, Idaho. He attended high school at Butte County High School in Arco, Idaho, graduating as valedictorian in 1961. He then attended the College of Idaho in Caldwell, Idaho, where he received his B.A. degree, Magnum Cum Laude, in political science in 1965. He then attended the University of Chicago Law School where he received his J.D. degree in 1968. After his second year of law school, he received a Ford Foundation Fellowship for advanced study in criminal law and procedure at Northwestern University School of Law in Chicago. Following graduation from the University of Chicago in 1968, he returned to Idaho to work as a law clerk in 1968-1970 for the Honorable Joseph J. McFadden, Chief Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court. Justice Jones joined the law firm of Eberle, Berlin, Kading, Turnbow, McKlveen & Jones in 1970 where he later became the firm’s senior litigator and a member of the American Board of Trial Advocates, specializing in litigation of all types, including negligence, products liability, professional malpractice and commercial litigation. For 37 years with the Eberle Berlin firm, Justice Jones tried over 122 jury cases to a verdict in 38 of the State’s 44 counties. In July, 2007, he was appointed to be the 55th Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court by Governor C.L. “Butch” Otter. He was elected to his current term in 2014. Salary: $140,000 Term Expires: January 2021 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 256

267 Supreme Court Justices 1891 – 2017 First Position Name / Party Term of Office Remarks Elected 1890, 1892, 1898, Sullivan, Isaac N. (R) 01/05/1891 to 01/01/1917 1904, 1910 01/01/1917 to 01/01/1923 Elected 1916 Rice, John C. (NP) Elected 1922, 1928; 01/01/1923 to 01/17/1930 Lee, William E. resigned 01/17/1930 Appointed; McNaughton, W.F.(R) 01/20/1930 to 12/31/1931 resigned 12/31/1931 Leeper, Robert D. (D) 01/02/1932 to 12/19/1932 Appointed; died in office Wernette, N.D. (D) Appointed 02/10/1933 to 01/07/1935 Elected 1934, 1940, 1946; Ailshie, James F. 01/01/1935 to 05/27/1947 died in office Appointed; 08/30/1947 to 03/01/1949 Hyatt, Paul W. resigned 03/01/1949 Keeton, William D. 03/30/1949 to 01/04/1959 Appointed; elected 1952 Elected 1958, 1964; Knudson, E.T. 01/05/1959 to 12/31/1965 resigned 12/31/1965 Appointed; elected 1970; Spear, Clay V. 01/01/1966 to 10/21/1971 resigned 10/21/1971 Appointed; elected 1976, 1982, Bakes, Robert E. 12/30/1971 to 02/01/1993 1988; resigned 02/01/1993 02/25/1993 to 12/31/2000 Appointed; elected 1994 Silak, Cathy R. Eismann, Daniel T. 01/01/2001 to present Elected 2000, 2006, 2012 Second Position Judicial 01/05/1891 to 01/07/1901 Huston, Joseph W. (R) Elected 1890, 1894 01/07/1901 to 01/07/1907 Elected 1900 Stockslager, Charles (D) Elected 1906, 1912; Stewart, George H. (R) 01/07/1907 to 09/25/1914 died in office Appointed; elected 1918, 1924, Budge, Alfred (R) 11/28/1914 to 01/03/1949 1930, 1936, 1942 Elected 1948, 1954; Porter, James W. 01/03/1949 to 12/09/1959 died in office Appointed; elected 1960, 1966, Joseph J. McFadden 12/18/1959 to 09/30/1982 1972, 1978; resigned 09/30/1982 Appointed; elected 1984; 10/01/1982 to 08/07/1989 Huntley, Robert C., Jr. resigned 08/07/1989 Appointed; elected 1990; Boyle, Larry 08/22/1989 to 03/31/1992 resigned 03/31/1992 Appointed; elected 1996, 2002; Trout, Linda Copple 09/01/1992 to 08/31/2007 resigned 08/31/2007 09/18/2007 to present Appointed; elected 2008, 2014 Horton, Joel CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 257

268 (cont.) Supreme Court Justices Third Position Term of Office Name / Party Remarks Morgan, John T. (R) 01/05/1891 to 01/04/1897 Elected 1890 Elected 1896 Quarles, Ralph P. (P-D) 01/04/1897 to 01/05/1903 Elected 1902, 1908; 01/05/1903 to 07/20/1914 Ailshie, James F. (R) resigned 07/20/1914 09/14/1914 to 01/04/1915 Appointed Truitt, Warren (R) Morgan, William M. (NP) 01/04/1915 to 01/03/1921 Elected 1914 01/03/1921 to 01/17/1925 Elected 1920; died in office Dunn, Robert N. (R) Appointed; elected 1926; 01/03/1925 to 02/22/1929 Taylor, Herman H. (R) died in office Varian, Bertram S. (R) Appointed 03/04/1929 to 01/02/1933 Elected 1932, 1938; Morgan, William M. (D) 01/02/1933 to 10/16/1942 died in office Dunlap, S. Ben 12/31/1942 to 01/01/1945 Appointed Elected 1944; 01/01/1945 to 12/21/1948 Miller, Bert H. resigned 12/21/1948 Appointed; Taylor, C.J. 03/30/1949 to 01/06/1969 elected 1950, 1956, 1962 Elected 1968, 1974, 1980, 01/06/1969 to 10/09/1987 Donaldson, Charles R. 1986; died in office Johnson, Byron 02/01/1988 to 01/03/1999 Appointed; elected 1992 Elected 1998 Kidwell, Wayne 01/04/1999 to 12/31/2004 Jones, Jim 01/03/2005 to 01/05/2017 Elected 2004, 2010 Brody, Robyn M. Elected 2016 01/05/2017 to present Fourth Position* McCarthy, Charles P. (R) 01/03/1921 to 01/05/1925 Elected 1920 Elected 1924, 1930, 1936, Givens, Raymond L. (R) 01/05/1925 to 01/03/1955 1942, 1948 Anderson, Donald B. 01/03/1955 to 12/16/1956 Elected 1954; died in office Appointed; elected 1960, 1966, McQuade, Henry F. 12/22/1956 to 03/17/1976 1972; resigned 03/17/1976 Appointed; elected 1978, Bistline, Stephen 05/20/1976 to 12/01/1994 1984, 1990; resigned 12/01/1994 Appointed; elected 1996, 2002 Schroeder, Gerald F. 01/20/1995 to 07/31/2007 Jones, Warren 06/26/2007 to present Appointed; elected 2008, 2014 Fifth Position* 01/03/1921 to 09/07/1926 Elected 1920; died in office Lee, William A. (R) Lee, T. Bailey (R) 10/04/1926 to 01/02/1933 Appointed; elected 1926 Holdon, Edwin M. 01/02/1933 to 07/17/1950 Elected 1932, 1938, 1944 Thomas, Darwin W. 01/01/1951 to 11/22/1954 Elected 1950; died in office Smith, E.B. 12/10/1954 to 01/06/1969 Appointed; elected 1956, 1962 Elected 1968, 1974, 1980, 1986; Shepard, Allan G. 01/06/1969 to 05/27/1989 died in office Appointed; elected 1992; McDevitt, Chas. F. 08/31/1989 to 08/31/1997 resigned 08/31/1997 Appointed; elected 1998; 09/02/1997 to 07/31/2003 Walters, Jesse R. resigned 07/31/2003 Appointed; elected 2004, 2010, Burdick, Roger S. 08/01/2003 to present 2016 * Fourth and fifth positions were added to the Supreme Court by constitutional amendment in 1920. Note: Judges were elected on nonpartisan ballots from 1913 to 1918, and from 1934 to date. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 258

269 Idaho Court of Appeals Chief Judge David W. Gratton Judge Gratton was born and raised in Emmett, Idaho. He attended Boise State University, graduating in 1982 with a B.A. in political science. Judge Gratton received a Juris Doctor from the University of Idaho, College of Law in 1985. He served as an intern law clerk for Ninth Circuit Judge J. Blaine Anderson in 1984 and law clerk to United States District Court Judge Harold L. Ryan from 1985 to 1987. Judge Gratton joined the law firm of Evans Keane LLP in 1987, becoming a partner in 1993, until his appointment to the Idaho Court of Appeals in 2009. He and his wife, Robin, have three children, John (deceased), Kevin and Breanne. Salary: $132,000 Term Expires: January 2019 Judicial Judge Sergio A. Gutierrez Judge Gutierrez earned a Bachelor of Arts degree, cum laude, in Elementary Education from Boise State University and a Juris Doctor degree from the University of California, Hastings Law School. a young lawyer, Judge Gutierrez practiced in As southwest Idaho. In November of 1993, Governor Cecil D. Andrus appointed him as a district judge. He was then twice elected to retain this position by the voters and also served as Administrative District Judge in the Third Judicial District. Governor Dirk Kempthorne appointed Judge Gutierrez to serve on the Idaho Court of Appeals beginning in January 2002, and he subsequently has been elected to serve two full terms. Salary: $130,000 Term Expires: January 2021 CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 259

270 Judge Molly J. Huskey Judge Molly J. Huskey received her undergraduate degree and her Juris Doctor degree from the University of Idaho. She was admitted to the Idaho State Bar in 1993. She served as a public defender and as a prosecutor in Bonneville County before joining the newly-created Office of the State Appellate Public Defender in 1998. She was appointed as the State Appellate Public Defender in 2002 by Governor Dirk Kempthorne. She remained in that position until her appointment to the Canyon County District Court bench in 2011 by Gov. Otter who subsequently appointed her to the Idaho Court of Appeals in July 2015. Salary: $130,000 Term Expires: January 2017 Judge John M. Melanson Judge John M. Melanson is a 1966 graduate of Blackfoot High School, a 1978 graduate of Idaho State University (B.B.A.), and a 1981 graduate of the University of Idaho College of Law (J.D.). He is a U.S. Army veteran having served in Vietnam with the 9th Infantry Division as a hovercraft operator. He practiced law in Buhl, Idaho, from 1981 through 1994. He received the Idaho State Bar Pro Bono Publico Award in 1994. In 1995, he was appointed Magistrate Judge for Lincoln County, a position in which he served until December 2000 when Governor Kempthorne appointed him District Judge for the Fifth Judicial District with chambers in Minidoka County. He was elected to that position in 2002 and reelected 2006. The Idaho Supreme Court appointed him presiding judge of the Snake River Basin Adjudication in 2003. In 2009, he was appointed to the Idaho Court of Appeals by Governor Otter. He was elected to an additional term in 2012. Judge Melanson served as Chief Judge in 2015 and 2016. He resides in Boise with his wife Pamela. Judge Melanason has announced his retirement, effective June 30, 2017. Salary: $130,000 Term Expires: January 2019 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 260

271 Court of Appeals Judges 1982 – 2017 Created in 1980, funded in 1981, and began operation on January 4, 1982 First Position Name / Party Term of Office Remarks Appointed 1982; elected 1984, Walters, Jesse R. 1990, 1996; appointed to Idaho 01/04/1982 to 09/02/1997 Supreme Court 09/02/1997 Appointed; 10/02/1997 to 01/15/2002 Schwartzman, Alan resigned 01/15/2002 Appointed; Gutierrez, Sergio A. 01/16/2002 to present elected 2002, 2008, 2014 Second Position Appointed 1982; elected 1986; Burnett, Donald 01/04/1982 to 01/16/1990 resigned 01/16/1990 Appointed; elected 1992; Silak, Cathy R. appointed to Idaho Supreme 09/01/1990 to 02/25/1993 Court 02/25/1993 Appointed; 06/07/1993 to 06/30/2015 Lansing, Karen elected 1998, 2004, 2010 07/02/2015 to present Appointed 2015 Huskey, Molly J. Third Position Appointed 1982; elected 1988; Swanstrom, Roger 01/04/1982 to 01/31/1993 resigned 01/31/1993 Appointed; elected 1994, 2000, Perry, Darrel R. 08/06/1993 to 09/29/2009 2006; resigned 09/30/2009 Melanson, John M. 09/30/2009 to present Appointed; elected 2012 Fourth Position Judicial Appointed to newly added Gratton, David W. 01/05/2009 to present seat 2009; elected 2012 Power County Courthouse Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 261

272 Administrative District Judges First Judicial District Fifth Judicial District G. Richard Bevan Lansing Haynes PO Box 126 PO Box 9000 Twin Falls, ID 83303-0126 Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816-9000 Second Judicial District Sixth Judicial District Jeff M. Brudie Mitchell Brown Nez Perce County Courthouse P.O. Box 775 Soda Springs, ID 83276 PO Box 896 Lewiston, ID 83501 Third Judicial District Seventh Judicial District Joel Tingey Bradley Ford 1115 Albany Street 501 N. Maple #310 Caldwell, ID 83605 Blackfoot, ID 83221-1700 Fourth Judicial District Melissa Moody Ada County Courthouse 200 W. Front Street Boise, ID 83702-7300 Trial Court Administrators First Judicial District Fifth Judicial District Karlene Behringer Shelli Tubbs PO Box 9000 Twin Falls County Courthouse PO Box 126 Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816-9000 Twin Falls, ID 83303-0126 Second Judicial District Sixth Judicial District Roland Gammill Kerry Hong Bannock County Courthouse Nez Perce County Courthouse 624 E. Center, Room 220 PO Box 896 Lewiston, ID 83501 Pocatello, ID 83201 Third Judicial District Seventh Judicial District Doug Tyler Burton W. Butler Canyon County Courthouse Bonneville County Courthouse 605 N. Capital Avenue 1115 Albany Street Idaho Falls, ID 83402 Caldwell, ID 83605 Fourth Judicial District Larry D. Reiner Ada County Courthouse 200 W. Front Street Boise, ID 83702-7300 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 262

273 District Court Judges First Judicial District PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Lansing Haynes - Administrative Judge Barbara Buchanan 215 South 1st Ave., Sandpoint, ID 83864 Richard Christensen PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Cynthia Meyer PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 John T. Mitchell Scott Wayman PO Box 527, Wallace, ID 83873 Second Judicial District Jeff M. Brudie - Administrative Judge PO Box 896, Lewiston, ID 83501 Gregory FitzMaurice 320 W. Main St., Grangeville, ID 83530 Jay Gaskill PO Box 896, Lewiston, ID 83501 John R. Stegner PO Box 8068, Moscow, ID 83843 Third Judicial District 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Bradley Ford - Administrative Judge Christopher Nye 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Gene Petty 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Thomas Ryan 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 George W. Southworth Davis VanderVelde 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 1130 3rd Ave. N., Payette, ID 83661 Susan Wiebe Fourth Judicial District 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Melissa Moody - Administrative Judge Deborah A. Bail 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Peter Barton 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Nancy Baskin Richard Greenwood 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Steven Hippler 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Samuel Hoagland 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Jonathan Medema 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Lynn Norton 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Judicial Michael Reardon 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Jason Scott Fifth Judicial District G. Richard Bevan - Administrative Judge PO Box 126, Twin Falls, ID 83303 PO Box 368, Rupert, ID 83350 Jonathan Brody John K. Butler 233 W. Main St., Jerome, ID 83338 PO Box 126, Twin Falls, ID 83303 Randy Stoker Michael Tribe 1559 Overland Ave., Burley, ID 83318 Eric Wildman PO Box 2707, Twin Falls, ID 83303 Vacant Sixth Judicial District Mitchell Brown - Administrative Judge PO box 775, Soda Springs, ID 83276 624 E. Center, Rm. 220, Pocatello, ID 83201 Stephen Dunn 624 E. Center, Rm. 220, Pocatello, ID 83201 Robert C. Naftz 624 E. Center, Rm. 220, Pocatello, ID 83201 David C. Nye Seventh Judicial District Darren Simpson - Administrative Judge 501 N. Maple, #310, Blackfoot, ID 83221 Gregory Moeller PO Box 389, Rexburg, ID 83440 Bruce Pickett 605 N. Capital Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 Alan Stephens 210 Courthouse Way, Ste. 120, Rigby, ID 83442 Joel Tingey 605 N. Capital Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 Dane Watkins, Jr. 605 N. Capital Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 263

274 Magistrate Judges First Judicial District Name Address County Benewah Douglas Payne 701 College Ave., St. Maries, ID 83861 Bonner Tera Harden 215 S. 1st Ave., Sandpoint, ID 83864 Lori Meulenberg Bonner 215 S. 1st Ave., Sandpoint, ID 83864 Justin W. Julian PO Box 419, Bonners Ferry, ID 83805 Boundary Kootenai Robert Caldwell PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Kootenai James Combo PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Kootenai Anna Eckhart PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Kootenai PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Clark Peterson Kootenai PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 James Stow Kootenai PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Timothy Van Valin Kootenai Mayli Walsh PO Box 9000, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Barbara Duggan 700 Bank St., Wallace, ID 83873 Shoshone Second Judicial District Clearwater PO Box 586, Orofino, ID 83544 Randall W. Robinson Idaho Jeff P. Payne 320 W. Main, Grangeville, ID 83530 Latah John Judge PO Box 8068, Moscow, ID 83843 510 Oak St., Rm. 1, Nezperce, ID 83543 Lewis Victoria Olds Michelle M. Evans PO Box 896, Lewiston, ID 83501 Nez Perce Nez Perce Gregory K. Kalbfleisch PO Box 896, Lewiston, ID 83501 Nez Perce Kent J. Merica PO Box 896, Lewiston, ID 83501 Third Judicial District PO Box 48, Council, ID 83612 John Meienhofer Adams Jayme Beaber Sullivan 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Canyon Gary D. DeMeyer 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Canyon F. Randall Kline 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Canyon 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Canyon Frank Kotyk 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Canyon Jerold W. Lee Canyon 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Dayo O. Onanubosi Canyon 120 9th Ave. S., Nampa, ID 83651 Debra A. Orr Canyon James A. (J.R.) Schiller 1115 Albany St., Caldwell, ID 83605 Gem Tyler D. Smith 414 E. Main, Rm. 300, Emmett, ID 83617 Dan Grober Owyhee PO Box 128, Murphy, ID 83650 Payette Robert Jackson 1130 3rd Ave. N., Rm 106, Payette, ID 83661 Payette Brian Lee 1130 3rd Ave. N., Rm 106, Payette, ID 83661 Washington Gregory F. Frates 485 E. 3rd St., Weiser, ID 83672 Fourth Judicial District Ada 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Christopher M. Bieter Ada James Cawthon 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada Andrew Ellis 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Laurie Fortier 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada Theresa Gardunia 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada Ada William Harrigfeld 6300 W. Denton, Boise, ID 83704 Ada 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 John Hawley Ada Jill Jurries 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada Joanne Kibodeaux 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada Michael Lojek 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Cathleen MacGregor Irby 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada IDAHO BLUE BOOK 264

275 (cont.) Magistrate Judges County Address Name David D. Manweiler 6300 W. Denton, Boise, ID 83704 Ada 6300 W. Denton, Boise, ID 83704 Ada Lynette McHenry Carolyn M. Minder 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada Michael Oths 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Daniel Steckel Ada L. Kevin Swain 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada Ada Diane Walker 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Thomas P. Watkins 200 W. Front St., Boise, ID 83702 Ada PO Box 126, Idaho City, ID 83631 Roger Cockerille Boise Elmore 150 S. 4th E., Mountain Home, ID 83647 David C. Epis Elmore Theodore Fleming 150 S. 4th E., Mountain Home, ID 83647 PO Box 1350, Cascade, ID 83611 Valley Monty Berecz Fifth Judicial District Jennifer Haemmerle 201 2nd Ave. S., Ste. 106, Hailey, ID 83333 Blaine Daniel Dolan PO Box 430, Fairfield, ID 83327 Camas Cassia Mick Hodges 1459 Overland Ave., Burley, ID 83318 Cassia Blaine Cannon 1459 Overland Ave., Burley, ID 83318 Gooding PO Box 477, Gooding, ID 83330 Casey U. Robinson Jerome Thomas H. Borresen 233 W. Main St., Jerome, ID 83338 Lincoln Mark A. Ingram PO Drawer A, Shoshone, ID 83352 Minidoka Rick Bollar PO Box 368, Rupert, ID 83350 PO Box 126, Twin Falls, ID 83303 Twin Falls Roger Harris Twin Falls PO Box 126, Twin Falls, ID 83303 Calvin Campbell Twin Falls Thomas Kershaw PO Box 126, Twin Falls, ID 83303 Sixth Judicial District Judicial Bannock 624 E. Center, Ste. 220, Pocatello, ID 83201 Scott Axline Bannock Rick Carnaroli 624 E. Center, Ste. 220, Pocatello, ID 83201 Bannock Thomas W. Clark 624 E. Center, Ste. 220, Pocatello, ID 83201 Bannock Bryan K. Murray 624 E. Center, Ste. 220, Pocatello, ID 83201 Bannock 624 E. Center, Ste. 220, Pocatello, ID 83201 Steven Thomsen Bear Lake R. Todd Garbett PO Box 190, Paris, ID 83261 Caribou David R. Kress PO Box 775, Soda Springs, ID 83276 Franklin Eric Hunn 39 W. Oneida, Preston, ID 83263 Oneida David Hooste 10 Court St., Malad, ID 83252 Power Paul Laggis 543 Bannock, American Falls, ID 83211 Seventh Judicial District Bingham Ryan W. Boyer 501 N. Maple, #402, Blackfoot, ID 83221 Scott H. Hansen Bingham 501 N. Maple, #402, Blackfoot, ID 83221 Steven A. Gardner 605 N. Capital Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 Bonneville Bonneville 605 N. Capital Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 Michelle Mallard Bonneville L. Mark Riddoch 605 N. Capital Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 Butte Ralph Savage PO Box 171, Arco, ID 83213 Clark 605 N. Capital Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 Kent Gauchay Custer James Barrett, Jr. PO Box 385, Challis, ID 83226 Fremont Gilman Gardner 151 W. 1st N., Rm. 15, St. Anthony, ID 83445 Jefferson Robert Crowley 210 Courthouse Way, Ste. 120, Rigby, ID 83442 CHAPTER 5: Judicial Branch 265

276 (cont.) Magistrate Judges Stephen J. Clark 206 Courthouse Dr., Salmon, ID 83467 Lemhi PO Box 389, Rexburg, ID 83440 Madison Mark S. Rammell Jason Walker 89 N. Main St., Ste. 5, Driggs, ID 83422 Teton Weiser Star Theater Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society IDAHO BLUE BOOK 266

277 County Government Madison County Courthouse Photo courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society

278 COUNTIES amendment that allows for optional forms The primary unit of local government of county government. The legislature in Idaho is the county. Counties are political subdivisions of the state and serve as an has developed enabling legislation that administrative arm of state government in provides for the optional forms that are providing services required by state law, available to Idaho’s counties. Citizens in the counties have the opportunity to decide such as law enforcement, welfare, and road whether they want to continue with the maintenance. In addition, counties have, in current form of government or change to recent years, tended to take on functions of a quasi-municipal character providing urban another form. services such as planning and zoning, water For further information on Idaho supply and sewage disposal — functions counties, contact: that have traditionally been provided by Idaho Association of Counties, incorporated cities. 700 W. Washington PO Box 1623 The organization of county government is uniform throughout the state’s forty- Boise, ID 83701 four counties; however, this uniformity Phone: (208)345-9126 Website: www.idcounties.org may change due to a 1994 constitutional COUNTY OFFICIALS The County Clerk, Assessor, Prosecuting County Commissioners are elected for Attorney, Treasurer, Coroner and Sheriff terms of two and four years with their terms being staggered. are elected for four year terms. CITIES Cities are voluntarily organized and in Blaine County, remains the only city in the state with a territorial charter. The may be incorporated under the general laws of the state by the people living within town does not operate under the State Municipal Code, and the state legislature their boundaries. Cities are not primarily must approve any changes to the charter an administrative arm of state government but are local units which, for the most part, including annexations. Most Idaho cities operate under a perform functions that are exclusively local. Since 1967, all incorporated places mayor-council form of government, but all in the state are designated simply as cities have the option to adopt a council- manager plan (where a professionally “cities” with no further classification. The trained city manager administers the day- constitution authorizes the legislature to to-day needs) if they so desire. Only three enact general laws that apply to all cities cities, Lewiston, Twin Falls and McCall, in the state. There are 200 incorporated utilize the council-manager form. On June cities in Idaho ranging in population from 26, 1985, residents of the city of Pocatello 185,787 in Boise to 10 at Warm River in Fremont County. voted to change to a mayor-council form Three Idaho cities, Boise, Lewiston, after nearly thirty-five years under a council- and Bellevue were granted charters from manager system. the territorial legislature rather than An extensive list of city officials may incorporate under the general laws of the be obtained from: state which govern all other cities. Boise, Association of Idaho Cities in 1961, and Lewiston, in 1969, abandoned 3100 S. Vista Ave, Ste 310 their charters and joined Idaho’s other Boise ID 83705 cities under the general law governing Phone: (208) 344-8594 municipal corporations. Bellevue, located Website: http://www.idahocities.org/ IDAHO BLUE BOOK 268

279 TAXING DISTRICTS limited taxing powers but are required to Other local units of government in certify their requirements to the county Idaho include school districts, numerous commissioners who must include these road districts, cemetery districts, fire needs in the collections made by county protection districts, irrigation districts, tax collectors. junior college districts and other single- purpose taxing units. All of these units have Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Bayhorse Ore Mill County CHAPTER 6: County Government 269

280 Map of Idaho Counties 270 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

281 ADA COUNTY www.adaweb.net Established December 22, 1864 with its county seat at Boise. Named for Ada Riggs, the first white child born in the area and the daughter of H.C. Riggs, one of the founders of Boise and a member of the Idaho Territorial Legislature. Boise became the capital of Idaho in 1865. County Seat: Boise Population: 434,211 Address: 200 W. Front St. Area: 1,060 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Robert McQuade (R) (208) 287-7201 Assessor Christopher Rich (R) (208) 287-6887 Clerk Jim Tibbs (R) Commissioner District 1 (208) 287-7000 Commissioner District 2 Rick Visser (R) (208) 287-7000 Commissioner District 3 David L. Case (R) (208) 287-7000 Coroner Dotti Owens (D) (208) 287-5556 Prosecuting Attorney Jan M. Bennetts (R) (208) 287-7700 (208) 577-3303 Sheriff Stephen Bartlett (R) Vicky McIntyre (R) (208) 287-6801 Treasurer ADAMS COUNTY www.co.adams.id.us Established March 3, 1911 with its county seat at Council. Named for John Adams, the second President of the United States. The Council valley was a meeting place for the Nez Perce and Shoshoni Indian tribes. County Seat: Council Population: 3,843 Address: 201 Industrial Ave Area: 1,370 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm County Assessor (208) 253-4271 Stacey Swift Dreyer (R) Sherry Ward (R) Clerk (208) 253-4561 Commissioner District 1 Joe Iveson (R) (208) 253-1187 Commissioner District 2 Michael Paradis (R) (208) 253-4561 Commissioner District 3 William Brown (R) (208) 347-2290 Coroner Susan Warner (R) (208) 253-3461 Prosecuting Attorney Sean Smith (R) (208) 253-4141 Sheriff Ryan Zollman (R) (208) 253-4228 (208) 253-4123 Treasurer Christy Wilson (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 271

282 BANNOCK COUNTY www.co.bannock.id.us Established March 6, 1893 from part of Bingham County, with its county seat at Pocatello. Named for the Bannack Indians, the first inhabitants of the area, whose name was spelled Bannock by early settlers. County Seat: Pocatello Population: 83,744 Address: 624 E Center Street Area: 1,148 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor (208) 236-7260 Jared Stein (D) Robert Poleki (D) (208) 236-7368 Clerk Ken Bullock (R) (208) 236-7211 Commissioner District 1 Evan Frasure (R) Commissioner District 2 (208) 236-7211 Commissioner District 3 Terrel N. Tovey (R) (208) 236-7210 (208) 243-1328 Coroner Kim Quick (D) Stephen Herzog (D) Prosecuting Attorney (208) 236-7280 Sheriff Lorin Nielsen (D) (208) 236-7123 Treasurer Radene Barker (D) (208) 236-7220 BEAR LAKE COUNTY www.bearlakecounty.info Established January 5, 1875 with its county seat at Paris. Named for Bear Lake, which lies half in Idaho and half in Utah. In 1863 the first permanent settlement was at Paris, established by forty Mormon families who came in wagons, in ox carts and on foot over very difficult terrain from Cache Valley, Utah. County Seat: Paris Population: 5,922 Address: 7 East Center Street Area: 1,050 square miles Business Hours: 8:30 am to 5:00 pm Lynn Lewis (R) Assessor (208) 945-2155 Clerk Cindy Garner (R) (208) 945-2212 Bradley Jensen (R) (208) 945-2678 Commissioner District 1 Commissioner District 2 Rex Payne (R) (208) 847-2050 Commissioner District 3 Vaughn Rasmussen (R) (208) 847-3053 Coroner Chad Walker (R) (208) 885-9035 Prosecuting Attorney John Olson (R) (208) 945-1438 Sheriff Bart Heslington (R) (208) 945-2121 (208) 945-2130 Treasurer Tricia Poulsen (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 272

283 BENEWAH COUNTY Established January 23, 1915, with its county seat at St. Maries, by an act of the state legislature from the southern part of Kootenai County. Named for a Coeur d’Alene Indian chief. Some settlement began after the completion of the Mullan Road in 1860, but most settlers came to the area after the discovery of gold near St. Maries in 1880. County Seat: St. Maries Population: 9,052 Address: 701 W College Ave. Area: 787 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Donna Spier (R) (208) 245-2821 Assessor Deanna Bramblett (D) (208) 245-3212 Clerk Jack Buell (D) (208) 245-2234 Commissioner District 1 Commissioner District 2 Phillip Lampert (R) (208) 245-2234 Commissioner District 3 N.L. “Bud” McCall (D) (208) 245-2234 Coroner Ronald Hodge (D) (208) 245-2611 Prosecuting Attorney Brian Thie (R) (208) 245-2564 (208) 245-2555 Sheriff David Resser (R) (208) 245-2421 Treasurer Sara Sexton (D) BINGHAM COUNTY www.co.bingham.id.us Established January 13, 1885, with its county seat at Blackfoot, from the east and north parts of Oneida County. Named by Territorial Governor William M. Bunn for his friend Henry Harrison Bingham, a Pennsylvania Congressman. Fremont County was carved out of Bingham in 1893, Bonneville in 1911, Power in 1913, and Butte in 1917. County Seat: Blackfoot Population: 44,992 County Address: 501 N. Maple Street Area: 2,183 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Ronald Simmons (R) (208) 782-3016 Assessor Pamela W. Eckhardt (R) (208) 782-3160 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Mark Bair (R) (208) 782-3010 Commissioner District 2 Whitney Manwaring (R) (208) 782-3011 Commissioner District 3 Ladd Carter (R) (208) 782-3012 Coroner Michael Gardner (R) (208) 680-3698 Prosecuting Attorney Cleve Colson (R) (208) 782-3101 Sheriff Craig Rowland (R) (208) 782-3047 (208) 782-3092 Treasurer Tanna Beal (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 273

284 BLAINE COUNTY www.co.blaine.id.us Established March 5, 1895 with Hailey as the county seat. Named for James G. Blaine, U.S. Secretary of State (1889- 1892) under President Benjamin Harrison. The area was first explored in 1818 by Donald MacKenzie. County Seat: Hailey Population: 21,592 Address: 206 1st Avenue S. Area: 2,655 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor (208) 788-5535 Valdi Pace (D) JoLynn Drage (D) (208) 788-5531 Clerk Lawrence Schoen (D) (208) 788-5500 Commissioner District 1 (208) 788-5500 Jacob Greenberg (D) Commissioner District 2 Commissioner District 3 Angenie McCleary (D) (208) 788-5500 (208) 578-1000 Coroner Russ Mikel (R) Jim Thomas (D) Prosecuting Attorney (208) 788-5545 Sheriff Steve Harkins (D) (208) 788-5551 Treasurer John David Davidson (D) (208) 788-5530 BOISE COUNTY www.boisecounty.us Established February 4, 1864 with its county seat at Idaho City. Named for the Boise River, which was named by French- Canadian explorers and trappers for the great variety of trees growing along its banks. The Boise Basin, in which Idaho City lies, was one of the richest gold mining districts in the nation after the discovery of gold in 1862. At its peak in the 1860s and 1870s Idaho City was for a time the largest city in the Northwest. It was this great influx of people that led to the establishment of the Idaho Territory. County Seat: Idaho City Population: 7,058 Address: 419 Main Street Area: 1,908 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor (208) 392-4415 Chris Juszczak (R) Clerk Mary Prisco (R) (208) 392-4431 Commissioner District 1 Roger Jackson (R) (208) 392-4445 Commissioner District 2 Alan Ward (R) (208) 365-8228 Commissioner District 3 Laura Baker (R) (208) 965-7860 Coroner Pamela Garlock (R) (208) 392-4411 Prosecuting Attorney Dan Blocksom (R) (208) 340-2482 Sheriff Jim Kaczmarek (R) (208) 392-4411 (208) 392-4441 Treasurer April Hutchings (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 274

285 BONNER COUNTY www.co.bonner.id.us Established February 21, 1907 with its county seat at Sandpoint. It was named for Edwin L. Bonner, who in 1864 established a ferry on the Kootenai River where the town of Bonners Ferry is located. The ferry became an important site in emigrant travel between Walla Walla to the placer and quartz mines in British Columbia. County Seat: Sandpoint Population: 41,859 Address: 215 South First Ave. Area: 1,737 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Jerry Clemons (R) (208) 265-1440 Assessor Michael Rosedale (R) (208) 265-1437 Clerk ) Glen Bailey (R Commissioner District 1 (208) 265-1438 Commissioner District 2 Jeff Connolly (R) (208) 265-1438 Commissioner District 3 Dan McDonald (R) (208) 265-1438 Coroner Robert Beers (R) (208) 263-6714 Prosecuting Attorney Louis Marshall (R) (208) 263-6714 (208) 263-8417 Sheriff Daryl Wheeler (R) Treasurer (208) 265-1433 Cheryl Piehl (R) BONNEVILLE COUNTY www.co.bonneville.id.us Established February 7, 1911 by the state legislature from the north and east parts of Bingham County. Named for Capt. B.L.E. Bonneville, of the U.S. Army, who explored throughout the Snake River area in the 1830s. A settlement developed at the site of the Eagle Rock ferry on the Snake River in 1864, this settlement was to be known as Idaho Falls after 1891. County Seat: Idaho Falls Population: 110,089 County Address: 605 N. Capital Ave. Area: 1,897 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Blake Mueller (R) (208) 529-1350 Assessor Penny Manning (R) (208) 529-1350 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Roger Christensen (R) (208) 529-1350 Commissioner District 2 (208) 529-1350 Dave Radford (R) Commissioner District 3 Bryon Reed (R) (208) 529-1360 Coroner Rick Taylor (R) (208) 533-6999 Prosecuting Attorney Daniel Clark (R) (208) 529-1350 Sheriff Paul Wilde (R) (208) 529-1375 (208) 529-1350 Treasurer Mark Hansen (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 275

286 BOUNDARY COUNTY www.boundarycountyid.org Established January 23, 1915 with its county seat at Bonners Ferry. It was so named because it borders Canada on the north, Washington on the west, and Montana on the east as well as Bonner County on the south. County Seat: Bonners Ferry Population: 11,318 Address: 6452 Kootenai Street Area: 1,277 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor (208) 267-3301 David Ryals (R) Glenda Poston (R) (208) 267-2242 Clerk LeAlan Pinkerton (R) (208) 267-7723 Commissioner District 1 Walt Kirby (R) Commissioner District 2 (208) 267-7723 Commissioner District 3 Dan Dinning (R) (208) 267-7723 (208) 267-2146 Coroner Mick Mellett (D) John “Jack” Douglas (R) Prosecuting Attorney (208) 267-7545 Sheriff Dave Kramer (R) (208) 267-3151 Treasurer Sue Larson (R) (208) 267-3291 BUTTE COUNTY Established February 6, 1917 with its county seat at Arco. It was named for the buttes that rise from the Snake River plain and served as landmarks to trappers and pioneers who traveled through the area. The first white men in the region were thought to be Donald MacKenzie and his Northwest Fur Company trappers in 1818. County Seat: Arco Population: 2,501 Address: 248 W. Grand Ave. Area: 2,237 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Laurie Gamett (R) Assessor (208) 527-8288 Clerk Shelly Shaffer (R) (208) 527-3021 Seth Beal (R) (208) 527-3137 Commissioner District 1 Commissioner District 2 Rose Bernal (R) (208) 899-1747 Commissioner District 3 Brian Harrell (R) (208) 767-3511 Coroner Tara Beard Parsons (208) 530- 2005 Prosecuting Attorney Steve Stephens (R) (208) 527-3458 Sheriff Wes Collins (R) (208) 527-8553 (208) 527-3047 Treasurer Lori Beck (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 276

287 CAMAS COUNTY Established February 6, 1917 with its county seat at Fairfield. Named for the lily-like plant found in this area with an edible bulb used as a staple food by Indians and as hog fodder by settlers. County Seat: Fairfield Population: 1,066 Address: 501 Soldier Road Area: 1,077 square miles Business Hours: 8:30 am to 5:00 pm Lynn McGuire (R) (208) 764-2370 Assessor Korri Blodgett (R) (208) 764-2242 Clerk Barbara Cutler (R) (208) 720-4457 Commissioner District 1 Marshall Ralph (R) Commissioner District 2 (208) 721-0488 Commissioner District 3 Travis Kramer (R) (208) 764-2242 Coroner Wesley Walker (R) (208) 358-2651 Prosecuting Attorney Matthew Pember (R) (208) 764-2251 Sheriff David Sanders (R) (208) 764-2809 (208) 764-2126 Treasurer Gayle Bachtell (R) CANYON COUNTY www.canyoncounty.org Established on March 7, 1891 with its county seat at Caldwell. Current sources attribute the name to the canyon of the Boise River near Caldwell. However, both John Rees and Vardis Fisher believed it named for the Snake River Canyon, which forms a natural boundary for the county. The Hudson’s Bay Company established Fort Boise in 1834, near what is now Parma, but abandoned it in 1855. Emigrants traveled through Canyon County on the Oregon Trail. County County Seat: Caldwell Population: 207,478 Address: 1115 Albany Area: 603 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Brian R. Stender Assessor (208) 454-7431 Clerk Chris Yamamoto (R) (208) 454-7337 Commissioner District 1 Steven Rule (R) (208) 454-7507 Commissioner District 2 Tom Dale (R) (208) 454-7507 Commissioner District 3 Pam White (R) (208) 454-7503 Coroner Vicki DeGeus-Morris (R) (208) 454-7523 Prosecuting Attorney Bryan Taylor (R) (208) 454-7391 Sheriff Kieran Donahue (R) (208) 454-7318 (208) 454-7355 Treasurer Tracie Lloyd (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 277

288 CARIBOU COUNTY www.co.caribou.id.us Established February 11, 1919 with its county seat at Soda Springs, the last county in Idaho to be created. Named for the Caribou Mountains, which in turn are named for Cariboo Fairchild, who had taken part in the gold rush in the Cariboo region of British Columbia in 1860. He discovered gold in this region two years later. This area was on the routes of the earliest explorers, fur trappers and Oregon Trail emigrants. Thousands of emigrants passed through the present site of Soda Springs, so named for the many effervescent natural springs in the area. County Seat: Soda Springs Population: 6,770 Address: 159 S. Main Area: 1,799 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor Aaron Cook (R) (208) 547-4749 Denise Horsley (R) (208) 547-4324 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Phil Christensen (R) (208) 547-4324 Commissioner District 2 Bryce Somesen (R) (208) 547-4324 Commissioner District 3 Mark Mathews (R) (208) 547-4324 Coroner F. Darrin Sims (R) (208) 547-3742 Prosecuting Attorney S. Douglas Wood (R) (208) 547-1930 Sheriff Kelly Wells (R) (208) 547-2561 Treasurer (208) 547-3726 Angie Mendehall (R) CASSIA COUNTY www.cassiacounty.org Established February 20, 1879 with its county seat at Albion. The county boundaries were later reduced in 1913 by the creation of Twin Falls and Power counties. The county seat was changed to Burley on November 5, 1918. Named for Cassia Creek, which was named for one of two words: cajeaux, peasant French for raft; or James John Cazier, member of the LDS Church and of the Mormon Battalion, later a colorful captain of an emigrant train, whose name was corrupted to Cassia. Locally it is also believed that the name is derived from the name of a plant. County Seat: Burley Population: 23,506 Address: 1459 Overland Ave. Area: 2,577 square miles Business Hours: 8:30 am to 5:00 pm Assessor Dwight Davis (R) (208) 878-3540 Joseph Larsen (R) (208) 878-5231 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Paul Christensen (R) (208) 678-2399 Commissioner District 2 Bob Kunau (R) (208) 878-7302 Commissioner District 3 Tim Darrington (R) (208) 878-7302 Coroner Craig Rinehart (R) (208) 431-0119 Prosecuting Attorney Doug Abenroth (R) (208) 878-0419 Sheriff Jay Heward (R) (208) 878-9323 (208) 878-7202 Treasurer Patty Justesen (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 278

289 CLARK COUNTY Established February 1, 1919 with its county seat at Dubois. Named for Sam K. Clark, early settler on Medicine Lodge Creek who became the first state senator from Clark County. The city of Dubois was named for U.S. Senator Fred Dubois, a prominent Idaho political figure in early history. County Seat: Dubois Population: 880 Address: 224 W Main Street Area: 1,764 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Carrie May (R) (208) 374-5404 Assessor (208) 374-5304 Pamela Barrett Clerk Nick Hillman (R) (208) 390-4531 Commissioner District 1 Commissioner District 2 Gregory Shenton (R) (208) 374-5274 Commissioner District 3 Macoy Ward (R) (208) 589-0969 Coroner Brenda Laird (R) (208) 351-8852 Prosecuting Attorney Kent Gauchay (I) (208) 521-2724 Sheriff Bart May (R) (208) 374-5403 (208) 374-5455 Treasurer Annette Zweifel (R) CLEARWATER COUNTY www.clearwatercounty.org Established in February 27, 1911 with its county seat at Orofino. Named for the Clearwater River whose name was translated from the Nez Perce term Koos-Koos-Kai-Kai, describing clear water. In 1805, Lewis and Clark followed an old Indian trail between the north and middle forks of the Clearwater River and met the Nez Perce near the present site of Weippe. Gold was first discovered by E.D. Pierce in 1860 and Pierce City, the oldest mining town in Idaho, came County into existence. County Seat: Orofino Population: 8,496 Address: 150 Michigan Ave. #2 Area: 2,488 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm ssessor Susan Spencer (R) A (208) 476-7042 Clerk Carrie Bird (D) (208) 476-5615 Commissioner District 1 Don Ebert (D) (208) 476-3615 Commissioner District 2 John Smith (R) (208) 476-3615 Commissioner District 3 Rick Winkel (R) (208) 476-3615 Coroner Vincent Frazier (R) (208) 476-4521 Prosecuting Attorney E. Clayne Tyler (R) (208) 476-5611 Sheriff Chris Goetz (R) (208) 476-4521 (208) 476-5213 Treasurer Dawn Erlewine (D) CHAPTER 6: County Government 279

290 CUSTER COUNTY www.co.custer.id.us Established January 8, 1881 with its county seat at Challis. Named for the General Custer Mine, which was named in honor of General George Custer who died at the Battle of Little Bighorn. Its history begins with fur traders and pathfinders as early as 1824; later in the 1860s and 1870s prospectors and miners came. It contains portions of the Sawtooth, Salmon River, White Cloud, Pioneer, Lost River, and White . Knob mountains and contains the highest peaks in the state County Seat: Challis Population: 4,087 Address: 801 E Main Ave Area: 4,938 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor (R) (208) 879-3302 Jacquel Bruno Lura Baker (R) (208) 879-2360 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Wayne Butts (R) (208) 879-4215 Commissioner District 2 Randy Corgatelli(R) (208) 879-2360 Commissioner District 3 Steve Smith (R) (208) 879-2360 Coroner Chad Workman (R) (208) 390-2282 Prosecuting Attorney Justin Oleson (R) (208) 879-4383 Sheriff Stuart “Stu” Lumpkin (R) (208) 879-2232 Allicyn Latimer (R) Treasurer (208) 879-2330 ELMORE COUNTY www.elmorecounty.org Established February 7, 1889 with its county seat at Rocky Bar. Named for the Ida Elmore Mines, the area’s greatest silver and gold producer of the 1860s. The Oregon Trail crossed the Snake River at Three Island Crossing near Glenns Ferry. A station on the Overland Stage route, orginally named Rattlesnake, was moved to the railroad line and became Mountain Home. On February 4, 1891 the county seat was moved to Mountain Home. County Seat: Mountain Home Population: 25,876 Address: 150 South 4th East Area: 3,103 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor Ron Fisher (R) (208) 587-2126 Barbara “Barb” Steele (R) (208) 587-2130 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Franklin “Bud” Corbus (R) (208) 599-1294 Commissioner District 2 Wesley Wootan (R) (208) 599-3131 Commissioner District 3 Albert Hofer (R) (208) 599-1620 Coroner Jerry Rost (R) (208) 587-0612 (208) 587-2144 Prosecuting Attorney Daniel Page (R) Sheriff Mike Hollinshead (R) (208) 587-3370 (208) 587-2138 Treasurer Amber Sloan (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 280

291 FRANKLIN COUNTY www.franklincountyidaho.org Established January 30, 1913 with its county seat at Preston. Named for the first settlement in Idaho, Franklin, which in turn was named for Franklin Richards, an apostle of the Mormon church. The settlement began in Franklin county in 1860 with thirteen families. County Seat: Preston Population: 13,074 Address: 39 W. Oneida Area: 667 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Jase Cundick (R) (208) 852-1091 Assessor Shaunna Geddes (R) (208) 852-1090 Clerk Boyd Burbank (R) (208) 244-0639 Commissioner District 1 Commissioner District 2 Robert Swainston (R) (208) 339-0900 Commissioner District 3 Dirk Bowles (R) (208) 221-1398 Coroner Ron Smellie (R) (208) 852-0533 Prosecuting Attorney Vic Pearson (R) (208) 852-9119 (208) 852-1234 Sheriff David Fryar(R) Treasurer (208) 852-1095 Janet Kimpton (R) FREMONT COUNTY www.co.fremont.id.us Established March 4, 1893 with its county seat at St. Anthony. Named for John C. Fremont, an explorer known as the “Pathfinder” who passed through the area in 1843. The first settlement in the county was Egin Bench in 1879 . County Seat: St. Anthony Population: 12,819 Address: 151 West 1st North Area: 1,894 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm County Kathy Thompson (R) (208) 624-7984 Assessor Clerk Abbie Mace (R) (208) 624-7332 Commissioner District 1 Bill Baxter (R) (208) 624-4271 Commissioner District 2 LeRoy “Lee” Miller (R) (208) 458-4271 Commissioner District 3 Jordon Stoddard (R) (208) 624-4271 Coroner Bonnie Burlage (R) (208) 624-4482 Prosecuting Attorney Marcia Murdoch (R) (208) 624-4418 Sheriff Len Humphries (R) (208) 624-4482 (208) 624-3361 Treasurer J’lene Cherry (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 281

292 GEM COUNTY www.co.gem.id.us Established March 19, 1915 with its county seat at Emmett. Named for the state nickname, “Gem State.” Fur trappers were in the area as early as 1818 and Alexander Ross explored Squaw Creek in 1824. Prospectors and miners moved through the county in 1862 in route to the gold rush in the Boise Basin, and by the next year irrigation began along the Payette River. County Seat: Emmett Population: 16,852 Address: 415 E. Main Street Area: 564 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor Rick Johnston (R) (208) 365-2982 Clerk Shelly Tilton (R) (208) 365-4561 Commissioner District 1 Norvill Bryan Elliott (R) (208) 365-4561 Commissioner District 2 Bill Butticci (R) (208) 447-2018 Commissioner District 3 Mark Rekow (R) (208) 477-2017 Coroner John Buck (R) (208) 369-1785 Prosecuting Attorney Erick Thomson (R) (208) 365-2106 Sheriff Charles “Chuck” Rolland (R) (208) 365-3521 Treasurer Megan Keene (R) (208) 365-3272 GOODING COUNTY www.goodingcounty.org Established January 28, 1913 with its county seat at Gooding. Named for Frank R. Gooding, pioneer sheep rancher, early mayor of the city of Gooding, later Idaho governor and U.S. Senator. Mountain men and fur traders trapped the Malad River extensively in the early 1800s. Settlers came to the rich agricultural lands of the Hagerman Valley in the 1860s. County Seat: Gooding Population: 15,284 Address: 624 Main Street Area: 733 square miles Business Hours: M-TH 7:30 am to 5:30 pm Assessor Justin L. Baldwin (R) (208) 934-5666 Clerk Denise Gill (R) (208) 934-4841 Commissioner District 1 Helen P. Edwards (R) (208) 934-4841 Commissioner District 2 Mark Bolduc (R) (208) 539-6199 Commissioner District 3 Wayne Chandler (R) (208) 934-4841 Coroner Steve Spence (R) (208) 539-5172 Prosecuting Attorney Matthew Pember (R) (208) 934-4493 Sheriff Shaun Gough (R) (208) 934-4421 (208) 934-5673 Treasurer Christina “Tine” Wines (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 282

293 IDAHO COUNTY www.idahocounty.org Established February 4, 1864 by the First Idaho Territorial Legislature with its county seat at Florence. In 1861 it had been established as the third county of the Washington Idaho that was launched Territory. Named for the steamer June 9, 1860 on the Columbia River and served miners during the gold rush in north Idaho. In 1875 Mount Idaho was named the county seat, in 1902 the county seat was moved to Grangeville following a 10-year struggle between Grangeville and Mount Idaho. County Seat: Grangeville Population: 16,272 Address: 320 W. Main Area: 8,503 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 p m sessor (208) 983-2742 ) James Zehner (R As Clerk Kathy Ackerman (R) (208) 983-2751 Commissioner District 1 Skipper Brandt (R) (208) 983-2751 Commissioner District 2 Mark Frei (R) (208) 507-0171 Commissioner District 3 Denis Duman (R) (208) 983-2751 Coroner Cody Funke (R) (208) 983-6066 (208) 983-0166 Prosecuting Attorney Kirk MacGregor (R) Sheriff (208) 983-1100 Doug Giddings (R) Treasurer (208) 983-2801 Abbie Hudson (R) JEFFERSON COUNTY www.co.jefferson.id.us Established February 18, 1913 with its county seat at Rigby. Named for Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States. The first settlers were Mormons who constructed irrigation systems. County Seat: Rigby Population: 27,157 Address: 210 Courthouse Way Area: 1,106 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm County Cody Taylor (R) (208) 745-9215 ssessor A Colleen Casper Poole (R) (208) 745-7756 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Brian Farnsworth (R) (208) 745-9222 Commissioner District 2 Scott Hancock (R) (208) 745-9222 Commissioner District 3 Fred Martinez (R) (208) 745-9222 Coroner LaVar Summers (R) (208) 243-2044 Prosecuting Attorney Paul Butikofer (R) (208) 745-5888 (208) 745-9210 Steve Anderson (R) Sheriff (208) 745-9219 Treasurer Kristine Lund (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 283

294 JEROME COUNTY www.jeromecounty.id.us Established February 8, 1919 with its county seat at Jerome. Three sources for the name are commonly given: Jerome Hill, one of the developers of North Side Irrigation Project; his grandson, Jerome Kuhn, Jr.; or his son-in-law, Jerome Kuhn. All were important to the growth of the county. County Seat: Jerome Population: 22,814 Address: 300 N. Lincoln Area: 605 square miles Business Hours: 8:30 am to 5:00 pm ssessor (208) 644-2745 (R) Rick Haberman A Clerk Michelle Emerson (R) (208) 644-2714 Commissioner District 1 Cathy Roemer (R) (208) 644-2702 Commissioner District 2 (208) 644-2701 Charles Howell (R) Roger Morley (R) (208) 644-2703 Commissioner District 3 Coroner Gerald Brant (R) (208) 539-0341 Prosecuting Attorney Michael Seib (R) (208) 644-2630 Sheriff Douglas J. McFall (R) (208) 595-3301 Treasurer Tevian Kober (R) (208) 644-2720 KOOTENAI COUNTY www.kcgov.us Established December 22, 1864 by the Second Territorial Legislature with Seneaquoteen, a trading post below Lake Pend Oreille, as the county seat. Rathdrum replaced Seneaquoteen as county seat in 1881 and Coeur d ’Alene replaced Rathdrum in 1908. Named for the Kutenai Indians who inhabited the area when the white man arrived. The word ” is derived from the Kutenai word meaning “water people. County Seat: Coeur d’Alene Population: 150,346 Address: 324 W. Garden Ave. Area: 1,310 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm ssessor Mike McDowell (R) (208) 446-1500 A Jim Brannon (R) (208) 446-1651 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Marc Eberlein (R) (208) 446-1604 Commissioner District 2 Chris Fillios (R) (208) 446-1606 Commissioner District 3 Bob Bingham (R) (208) 446-1605 Coroner Warren Keene (R) (208) 446-2199 Prosecuting Attorney Barry McHugh (R) (208) 446-1800 Sheriff Ben Wolfinger (R) (208) 446-1300 (208) 446-1005 Treasurer Steven Matheson (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 284

295 LATAH COUNTY www.latah.id.us This area was first formed as Lah-Toh County in 1864 with Coeur d’Alene as the county seat. In 1867 the name Lah-Toh was dropped when the area was placed in Nez Perce County. On May 14, 1888 the U.S. Congress created the county as we know it, the 16th Idaho county and the only Idaho county to be created by Congress. Named for Latah Creek, which drains the northwest corner. The name is NezPerce and means “the place of pine trees and pestle,” because the Indians found stones here suitable for pulverizing camas roots, and also found shade under the pine trees in which to work. County Seat: Moscow Population: 38,778 Address: 522 South Adams Area: 1,077 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm (208) 883-5710 Patrick Vaughan (D) Assessor Henrianne K. Westberg (D) (208) 883-2249 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Richard Walser (D) (208) 883-2272 Commissioner District 2 Tom Lamar (D) (208) 883-2275 Commissioner District 3 Dave McGraw (R) (208) 883-2271 Coroner Cathy Mabbutt (D) (208) 883-2248 Prosecuting Attorney Bill Thompson (D) (208) 883-2246 Sheriff Richard Skiles (R) (208) 882-2216 (208) 883-2253 Treasurer Lois Reed (R) LEMHI COUNTY www.lemhicountyidaho.org Established January 9, 1869 with its county seat at Salmon. Named for Fort Lemhi, the L.D.S. Salmon River Mission, which was named for King Lemhi in the Book of Mormon. Lewis and Clark were the first white men in this area. County Seat: Salmon Population: 7,735 Address: 206 Courthouse Dr. Area: 4,571square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm County ssessor Jenny Rosin (R) (208) 742-1723 A Terri Morton (R) (208) 756-2815 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Ken Miner (R) (208) 756-7075 Commissioner District 2 Richard “Rick” Snyder (R) (208) 756-0419 Commissioner District 3 Bret Barsalou (R) (208) 940-1567 Coroner Mike Ernest (R) (208) 756-2815 Prosecuting Attorney Paul Withers (R) (208) 756-2009 Sheriff Steve Penner (R) (208) 756-2815 (208) 756-2815 Treasurer Mary Ann Heiser (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 285

296 LEWIS COUNTY www.lewiscountyid.us Established March 3, 1911 with its county seat at Nezperce. Named for Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The Nez Perce Indians made this area their home and knew no whites until the Lewis and Clark expedition, the expedition spent a month in the Clearwater River Valley near the town of Kamiah on its return from the Pacific Coast in May 1806. County Seat: Nezperce Population: 3,789 Address: 510 Oak Street Area: 480 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Shelley Brian (D) Assessor (208) 937-2261 (208) 937-2661 Clerk Lisa Winner (D) Greg Johnson (R) (208) 937-2661 Commissioner District 1 Justin McLeod (R) (208) 937-2661 Commissioner District 2 Commissioner District 3 Mike Ponozzo (R) (208) 937-2661 (208) 937-2447 Coroner Perry Larson (R) Zachary Pall (I) Prosecuting Attorney (208) 937-2271 Sheriff Jason Davis (R) (208) 937-2447 Treasurer Pauline Malone (D) (208) 937-2341 LINCOLN COUNTY www.lincolncountyid.us Established March 18, 1895 with its county seat at Shoshone. Lincoln was much larger originally, in 1913 Gooding and Minidoka took about half the original Lincoln County, after the creation of Jerome in 1919, Lincoln was left with only 1,206 square miles. Named for President Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States, under whose administration the Idaho Territory was established. County Seat: Shoshone Population: 5,297 Address: 111 West B Street Area: 1,206 square miles Business Hours: 8:30 am to 5:00 pm ssessor Linda Jones (R) A (208) 886-2161 Clerk Brenda Farnworth (R) (208) 886-7641 Cresley McConnell (R) (208) 420-2350 Commissioner District 1 Commissioner District 2 Rebecca Wood (D) (208) 320-1387 Commissioner District 3 Roy Hubert (R) (208) 886-7641 Coroner Keith E. Davis, MD (R) (208) 886-2224 Prosecuting Attorney E. Scott Paul (R) (208) 886-2454 Sheriff Rene Rodriguez (R) (208) 886-2250 (208) 886-7681 Treasurer Ann Youts (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 286

297 MADISON COUNTY www.co.madison.id.us Established February 18, 1913 with its county seat at Rexburg. Named for President James Madison, the fourth president of the United States. First settlers in the county were Mormon families from Utah, who built the first irrigation system. County Seat: Rexburg Population: 38,273 Address: 134 E Main Street Area: 473 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm ssessor Shawn Boice (R) (208) 356-3071 A Clerk Kim Muir (R) (208) 359-6244 Kimber Ricks (R) (208) 313-6585 Commissioner District 1 Commissioner District 2 Jon Weber (R) (208) 390-6128 Commissioner District 3 Todd Smith (R) (208) 313-5035 Coroner Rick Davis (R) (208) 313-4800 Prosecuting Attorney Sid Brown (R) (208) 356-7768 (208) 356-5426 Sheriff Rick Henry (R) Treasurer (208) 359-6217 Sherry Arnold (R) MINIDOKA COUNTY www.minidoka.id.us Established January 28, 1913 with its county seat at Rupert. Named directly for the first settlement, Minidoka, a railroad siding. The name is Indian, but the exact meaning is in dispute. Some believe that Minidoka means “well, spring” but there was not a source of water such as a well or spring until 1946. Others say the word is Shoshoni and means “broad expanse,” because the broadest portion of the Snake River Plain lies here. County County Seat: Rupert Population: 20,461 Address: 715 East G Street Area: 762 square miles Business Hours: 8:30 am to 5:00 pm ssessor (208) 436-7181 Max Vaughn (R) A Patty Temple (R) (208) 436-7111 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Robert Moore (R) (208) 436-7111 Commissioner District 2 Kent McClellan (R) (208) 312-2220 Commissioner District 3 Sheryl Koyle (R) (208) 436-7111 Coroner Lucky Bourn (R) (208) 300-0342 Prosecuting Attorney Lance Stevenson (R) (208) 436-7187 Sheriff Eric Snarr (R) (208) 434-2324 (208) 436-7188 Treasurer Laura Twiss (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 287

298 NEZ PERCE COUNTY www.co.nezperce.id.us Established February 4, 1864 by the Idaho Territorial Legislature with its county seat at Lewiston. Named for the Nez Perce Indians who occupied the area before the white man. Previously established by the Territorial Legislature of Washington in 1861. This was one of the four original Idaho counties in 1863 from which all 44 have been carved. The present boundaries of Nez Perce County were set in 1911. Lewis and Clark were the first white men in the area in 1805. Lewiston served as the territorial capital for twenty-two months before the capital was moved to Boise. County Seat: Lewiston Population: 40,048 Address: 1230 Main Street Area: 855 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Assessor Dan Anderson (D) (208) 799-3010 Patty Weeks (D) (208) 799-3020 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Robert Tippett (R) (208) 799-3090 Commissioner District 2 Douglas Havens (R) (208) 799-3090 Commissioner District 3 Douglas Zenner (R) (208) 799-3093 Coroner Joshua Hall (D) (208) 799-3074 Prosecuting Attorney Justin Coleman (D) (208) 799-3073 Sheriff Joe Rodriguez (R) (208) 799-3131 Barbara Fry (D) Treasurer (208) 799-3030 ONEIDA COUNTY www.co.oneida.id.us Established January 22, 1864 with its county seat at Soda Springs. In 1866 it was moved to Malad City, because of its growth and its location on the stagecoach line and freight road between Corinne, Utah, and the mines in Butte, Montana. Named for Lake Oneida, New York, the area from which most of the early settlers had emigrated. County Seat: Malad Population: 4,281 Address: 10 Court Street Area: 1,202 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 to 5:00 pm Assessor Kathleen Atkinson (R) (208) 766-4116 Clerk Lon Colton (R) (208) 766-4116 Commissioner District 1 Shellee Smith Daniels (D) (208) 840-0254 Commissioner District 2 Bob Stokes (R) (208) 766-4116 Commissioner District 3 Max Firth (R) (208) 766-4177 Coroner Brad Horsley (R) (208) 766-5683 Prosecuting Attorney Cody Brower (R) (208) 766-2201 Sheriff Arne Jones (R) (208) 766-2251 (208) 766-2962 Treasurer Jan Edwards (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 288

299 OWYHEE COUNTY www.owyheecounty.net Established December 31, 1863 with its county seat at Ruby City. This was the first county to be established by the first Territorial Legislature. In 1867 the county seat was moved to Silver City and in 1934 to Murphy. Named for the river, mountains and mining area explored by Hawaiian fur trappers in 1819-1820. Hawaii and Owyhee are different spellings of the same word. Gold was discovered on Jordan Creek in 1863, and millions of dollars of gold and silver were taken from the Silver City region until the industry declined in the early 1900s. County Seat: Murphy Population: 11,310 Address: 20381 State Hwy 78 Area: 7,666 square miles Business Hours: 8:30 am to 5:00 pm (208) 495-2817 Brett Endicott (R) Assessor Angela “Angie” Barkell (R) (208) 495-2421 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Jerry Hoagland (R) (208) 495-2421 Commissioner District 2 Kelly Aberasturi (R) (208) 495-2421 Commissioner District 3 Joe Merrick (R) (208) 495-2421 Coroner Aaron Tines (R) (208) 869-4266 Prosecuting Attorney Douglas Emery (R) (208) 495-1153 (208) 495-1154 Sheriff Perry Grant (R) Treasurer (208) 495-1158 Brenda Richards (R) PAYETTE COUNTY www.payettecounty.org Established February 28, 1917 with its county seat at Payette. Named for the Payette River which was named for Francois Payette, a Canadian fur trapper and explorer with the North West Company, who came to this county in 1818. He was the first white man in the area and brought the first cattle. Boomerang, which was named for the log boom on the Payette river, was constructed as a railroad camp in 1883 and later changed its name to Payette. County County Seat: Payette Population: 22,896 Address: 1130 3rd Avenue N. Area: 403 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm ssessor (208) 642-6012 Sharon Worley (R) A Betty Dressen (R) (208) 642-6000 Clerk Commissioner District 1 Georgia Hanigan (R) (208) 642-6000 Commissioner District 2 Marc Shigeta (R) (208) 642-6000 Commissioner District 3 Larry Church (R) (208) 642-6000 Coroner Keith Schuller (R) (208) 452-3377 Prosecuting Attorney Ross Pittman (R) (208) 642-6096 Sheriff Charles “Chad” Huff (R) (208) 642-6006 (208) 642-6004 Treasurer Donna Peterson (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 289

300 POWER COUNTY www.co.power.id.us Established on January 30, 1913 with its county seat at American Falls. Named for the American Falls Power Plant. American Falls was the first settlement in the county and was a frequent camping place on the Oregon Trail. It became a railroad station when the Oregon Short Line was built across southern Idaho. County Seat: American Falls Population: 7,648 Address: 543 Bannock Ave. Area: 1,442 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm ssessor (208) 226-7616 Mary Annen (D) A Clerk Sharee Sprague (R) (208) 226-7611 Commissioner District 1 Ronald Funk (D) (208) 226-7610 Commissioner District 2 William “Bill” Lasley (R) (208) 313-5779 Commissioner District 3 Delane Anderson (R) (208) 226-5348 Coroner Mark Rose (R) (208) 226-2147 Prosecuting Attorney Ryan Peterson (R) (208) 226-1230 Sheriff Jim “J.J.” Jeffries (D) (208) 226-2311 Deanna Curry (R) Treasurer (208) 226-7614 SHOSHONE COUNTY www.shoshonecounty.org Established February 4, 1864 with its county seat at Pierce. In 1885 the county seat was moved to Murray, in 1890 to Osburn, and finally to Wallace in 1893. The first organized unit of government within Idaho boundaries, created and named for the Shoshoni Indians in 1858 by the Washington Territorial Legislature as part of Washington, effective in 1861. County Seat: Wallace Population: 12,432 Address: 700 Bank Street Area: 2,640 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm ssessor Jerry White (D) (208) 752-1202 A Clerk Peggy DeLange-White (D) (208) 752-1264 Commissioner District 1 Patrick “Mike” Fitzgerald (D) (208) 752-3331 Commissioner District 2 Jay Huber (D) (208) 752-3331 Commissioner District 3 John Hansen (D) (208) 752-3331 Coroner Kelli J. Garcia (D) (208) 786-5121 Prosecuting Attorney Keisha L. Oxendine (D) (208) 752-1106 Sheriff Darrell “Mike” Gunderson (D) (208) 556-1114 (208) 752-1261 Treasurer Ellen Masterson (D) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 290

301 TETON COUNTY www.tetoncountyidaho.gov Established January 26, 1915, with its county seat at Driggs. It was named for the adjacent Teton mountains and valley. The valley was formerly known as Pierre’s Hole where Indians held their councils and trappers met for their rendezvous. County Seat: Driggs Population: 10,564 Address: 150 Courthouse Drive Area: 450 square miles Business Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm ssessor Bonnie Beard (D) (208) 354-3507 A Clerk Mary Lou Hansen (D) (208) 354-8771 Cindy Riegel (D) (208) 354-8775 Commissioner District 1 Commissioner District 2 Harley Wilcox (R) (208) 354-8771 Commissioner District 3 Mark Ricks (R) (208) 354-8771 Coroner Timothy “Tim” Melcher (R) (208) 354-8770 Prosecuting Attorney Billie Jean Siddoway (208) 354-2990 (208) 354-2323 Sheriff Tony Liford (R) Beverly Palm (D) (208) 354-2254 Treasurer TWIN FALLS COUNTY www.twinfallscounty.org Established February 21, 1907 with its county seat at Twin Falls. Named for the nearby waterfalls on the Snake River. A station line was established at Rock Creek in 1864 for the Ben Holladay Stage Line. The Twin Falls South Side project brought water to thousands of acres of arid land in 1904 and became one of the most successful of the Carey Act irrigation projects. County County Seat: Twin Falls Population: 82,375 Address: 425 Shoshone St. N Area: 1,957 square miles Business Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 PM Gerald Bowden (R) Assessor (208) 736-4010 Clerk Kristina Glascock (R) (208) 736-4004 Commissioner District 1 Terry Kramer (R) (208) 736-4068 Commissioner District 2 Don Hall (R) (208) 736-4067 Commissioner District 3 Jack Johnson (R) (208) 736-4070 Coroner Gene Turley (R) (208) 733-7610 Prosecuting Attorney Grant Loebs (R) (208) 736-4020 Sheriff Tom Carter (R) (208) 736-4177 (208) 736-4008 Treasurer Debbie Kauffman (R) CHAPTER 6: County Government 291

302 VALLEY COUNTY www.co.valley.id.us Established February 26, 1917 with its county seat at Cascade. Named for the outstanding topographical feature of the area, Long Valley. Fur trappers were the first white men in the area but permanent settlement did not take place until the 1880s when livestock ranchers moved into Long Valley . County Seat: Cascade Population: 10,103 Address: 219 N. Main Street Area: 3,733 square miles Business Hours: M-TH 7:30 am to 5:30 pm Assessor June Fullmer (R) (208) 382-7126 Clerk Douglas Miller (R) (208) 382-7102 Commissioner District 1 Elting Hasbrouck (R) (208) 382-7100 Commissioner District 2 Gordon Cruickshank (R) (208) 382-7100 Commissioner District 3 Bill Willey (R) (208) 382-7100 Coroner Nathan Hess (R) (208) 630-4769 Prosecuting Attorney Carol Brockmann (R) (208) 382-7120 Sheriff Patti Bolen (R) (208) 382-7150 Treasurer Glenna Young (R) (208) 382-7110 WASHINGTON COUNTY www.co.washington.id.us Established February 20, 1879 with its county seat at Weiser. Named for George Washington, the first president of the United States. Donald MacKenzie was one of the first white men in the area in 1811. Settlers came in the 1860s after gold was discovered in the area. County Seat: Weiser Population: 9,984 Address: 256 E. Court Area: 1,474 square miles Business Hours: 8:30 am to 5:00 pm ssessor (208) 414-2000 Georgia Plischke (R) A Clerk Betty Thomas (R) (208) 414-2092 Commissioner District 1 Tom Anderson (R) (208) 414-2789 Commissioner District 2 Nathan Marvin (R) (208) 414-2789 Commissioner District 3 Kirk Chandler (R) (208) 414-2789 Coroner Bowe Von Brethorst (R) (208) 405-1347 Prosecuting Attorney Delton Walker (R) (208) 414-0390 Sheriff Matt Thomas (R) (208) 414-2123 (208) 414-0324 Treasurer Sabrina Young (R) IDAHO BLUE BOOK 292

303 Elections Idaho Capitol Building Photo courtesy of Idaho Tourism

304 Voter Qualifications and Registration 3. Election day registration with proof of The requirements for voting in Idaho are as follows. An elector must be: residency, accompanied by a photo I.D. a citizen of the United States, 1. 4. person must re-register if one of the A at least 18 years old, following occurs: 2. must have resided in this state and 3. a. A residence or name change. b. A registration is canceled by the in the county at least thirty (30) days County Clerk as provided by law. next preceding the election at which he desires to vote and who is registered as required by law. Permanency of Registration: Registration is on a semi-permanent basis. Where and When to Register: If a voter fails to vote at least once at an your County Clerk or precinct 1. With election during the four years following registrar except during a 24 day period registration, that person’s name is removed immediately preceding an election. from the voter list, and re-registration is 2. Mail registration forms are available necessary. in various public offices and must be postmarked by the 25th day before an election. General Election Registration and Turnout 1980 – 2016 Voting Age Registered Ballots % of % of Voting Age Population Cast Year Registration Voters Population 1980 646,000 446,045 76.77% 69.05% 581,006 1982 541,164 332,237 61.39% 49.74% 668,000 1984 686,000 582,196 421,935 72.47% 61.51% 1986 693,000 549,934 392,909 71.45% 56.70% 1988 60.09% 701,000 572,430 421,213 73.58% 1990 698,344 60.78% 47.02% 540,247 328,351 611,121 66.45% 80.46% 740,000 1992 491,725 803,000 419,330 67.01% 52.22% 1994 625,803 858,000 700,430 508,030 72.53% 59.21% 1996 888,000 386,720 58.47% 43.55% 661,433 1998 921,000 728,085 516,647 70.96% 56.10% 2000 416,533 945,000 679,535 44.08% 61.30% 2002 2004 996,000 612,786 76.79% 61.52% 798,015 1,055,000 60.00% 458,927 2006 43.50% 764,880 2008 863,538 667,499 77.30% 61.13% 1,092,000 2010 1,138,510 790,676 457,748 57.89% 40.21% 2012 896,234 666,290 74.34% 57.59% 1,156,869 37.59% 1,184,355 793,709 445,307 56.10% 2014 59.07% 2016 1,203,384 936,529 710,877 75.91% Source: Idaho Secretary of State, Elections Division. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 294

305 Idaho Electoral Vote for President 1892 – 2016 Electroral Percent of Idaho’s Vote Year Popular Vote Candidate Party Populist James B. Weaver 54.20* 1892 3 1896 William J. Bryan Democrat 3 78.10* William J. Bryan Democrat 3 51.00* 1900 Theodore Roosevelt 3 65.84 Republican 1904 William H. Taft Republican 3 53.98 1908 Woodrow Wilson Democrat 4 32.08** 1912 Woodrow Wilson Democrat 1916 4 52.04 1920 Warren G. Harding 4 65.6 Republican Calvin Coolidge Republican 1924 47.28** 4 1928 Herbert Hoover Republican 4 64.22 1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt Democrat 4 58.71 1936 Democrat 4 62.95 Franklin D. Roosevelt 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt Democrat 4 54.36 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Democrat 4 51.55 49.98** 1948 Harry S. Truman Democrat 4 65.42 1952 4 Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower 4 61.2 Republican Richard M. Nixon Republican 1960 53.78* 4 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson Democrat 4 50.92 1968 Richard M. Nixon Republican 4 56.79 1972 Republican 4 64.24 Richard M. Nixon 1976 Gerald Ford Republican 4 59.88* 1980 Ronald Reagan Republican 4 66.45 Republican 1984 Ronald Reagan 4 72.36 1988 4 62.08 George Bush Republican 42.03** Republican 4 George Bush 1992 Bob Dole Republican 4 52.18 1996 2000 George W. Bush Republican 4 67.17 Elections 2004 Republican 4 68.39 George W. Bush 2008 John McCain Republican 4 61.53* 2012 Mitt Romney Republican 4 64.5 %* Republican 59.2 % 2016 Donald J. Trump 4 * Received highest vote in Idaho but lost election nationwide. ** Percentages less than 50 are a result of three or more candidates on the ballot. Source: Idaho Secretary of State, Elections Division. CHAPTER 7: Elections 295

306 Sunshine Law Political candidates and committees The Sunshine Law for Political Funds and Lobbyist Activity Disclosure, (Title 67, are required to file periodic reports of their activities which disclose contributions and ), was enacted into Idaho Code Chapter 66, law by an initiative in the 1974 general elec - expenditures. The following tables are from records on file in the Secretary of tion by 78% voter approval. The law was State’s office. effective upon the Governor’s proclamation on November 27, 1974. Contributions Received and Expenditures Made by Political Committees Total No. Period Covered Committees *Receipts Expenditures Balance 118 $548,024.92 $504,672.28 $43,352.64 Through 12/22/76 159 $1,098,509.83 $74,860.04 12/23/76-12/31/78 $1,173,369.87 01/01/79-12/31/80 141 $1,381,235.38 $1,270,689.67 $110,545.71 160 $1,796,602.21 $1,678,146.19 $118,456.42 01/01/81-12/31/82 01/01/83-12/31/84 157 $1,032,720.41 $134,497.18 $1,167,217.59 163 $6,495,435.34 01/01/85-12/31/86 $220,540.36 $6,274,894.98 01/01/87-12/31/88 154 $3,059,688.19 $2,816,382.61 $243,305.58 01/01/89-12/31/90 151 $3,011,828.18 $2,726,331.49 $285,496.69 01/01/91-12/31/92 146 $3,735,465.66 $331,186.28 $4,066,651.94 157 $4,442,013.71 $438,117.23 01/01/93-12/31/94 $4,880,130.94 01/01/95-12/31/96 167 $7,906,796.27 $6,921,063.91 $985,732.36 182 $6,527,697.19 01/01/97-12/31/98 $620,340.59 $5,907,356.60 01/01/99-12/31/00 $4,254,259.17 $3,369,479.68 $884,779.49 148 146 $9,780,197.31 $9,043,993.90 $736,203.41 01/01/01-12/31/02 01/01/03-12/31/04 168 $4,772,012.81 $3,827,367.49 $944,745.32 01/01/05-12/31/06 189 $9,156,474.34 $961,996.61 $9,159,999.66 184 $6,499,846.30 01/01/07-12/31/08 $1,054,989.25 $5,444,857.05 01/01/09-12/31/10 191 $6,672,281.17 $6,874,749.45 $870,844.56 01/01/11-12/31/12 219 $12,233,192.52 $11,638,454.59 $1,465,585.40 01/01/13-12/31/14 $8,261,782.49 $8,160,345.81 $1,525,392.29 233 01/01/15-12/31/16 224 $7,446,732.18 $6,981,725.70 $1,849,750.45 Aggregate totals of candidates and committees should not be combined since frequently an expenditure of one is a contribution to the other. *Receipts include beginning balance for some committees. Source: Idaho Secretary of State, Elections Division. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 296

307 Contributions Received and Expenditures Made by Candidates Total No. *Receipts Expenditures Balance Period Covered Committees 246 $393,424.24 $389,198.43 Through 12/22/76 $4,224.81 245 state legislative candidates for primary and general - 1 supreme court judge candidate for primary 12/23/76-12/31/78 249 $2,042,887.25 $2,037,584.67 $5,302.58 228 state legislative candidates and 19 statewide candidates for primary and general - - 2 supreme court judge candidates for primary. 01/01/79-12/31/80 257 $839,146.79 $795,694.09 $43,452.70 247 state legislative candidates for primary and general - - 2 supreme court judge candidates for primary - - 8 statewide candidates not involved in an election. 01/01/81-12/31/82 252 $2,680,273.36 $2,635,715.63 $44,557.73 233 state legislative candidates and 17 statewide candidates for primary and general - - 1 individual with intentions of being a statewide candidate but did not file - - 1 supreme court judge candidate for primary 01/01/83-12/31/84 280 $1,250,992.46 $1,144,343.30 $106,649.16 267 state legislative candidates for primary and general - - 10 statewide candidates not involved in an election - - 2 supreme court judges and 1 court of appeals judge involved in the primary election. 315 $4,081,178.00 01/01/85-12/31/86 $126,801.13 $3,954,376.87 256 state legislative candidates and 15 statewide candidates for primary and general - 2 supreme court judge candidates, 1 court of appeals judge candidate and 37 district judge candidates involved in the primary - 4 district judge candidates involved in the primary and general elections. 254 $1,860,575.41 $1,626,400.67 01/01/87-12/31/88 $234,174.74 233 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 12 not involved in an election - 1 supreme court judge and 1 court of appeals judge involved in the primary - 7 statewide candidates not involved in an election. 365 $4,600,854.71 $4,329,728.73 $271,125.98 01/01/89-12/31/90 271 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 36 not involved in an election - 2 supreme court judges, 1 court of appeals judge candidate and 37 district judge candidates involved in the primary - 16 statewide candidates for primary and general and 2 not involved in an election. 01/01/91-12/31/92 280 $2,533,055.81 $2,251,302.33 $281,753.48 227 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 39 not involved in an election. 2 supreme court judges and 1 court of appeals judge involved in the primary election -- 11 statewide candidates not involved in an election. 01/01/93-12/31/94 304 $7,267,866.44 $6,918,809.85 $349,056.59 201 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 34 not involved in an election - 1 supreme court judge, 1 court of appeals judge candidate and 36 district judge candidates involved in the primary, 2 district judge candidates involved in primary and general elections - 28 Elections statewide candidates for primary and general and 5 not involved in an election. 01/01/95-12/31/96 304 $2,849,902.56 $2,449,188.99 $400,713.57 238 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 40 not involved in an election - 2 supreme court judges, 1 court of appeals judge involved in the primary election - 23 statewide and judicial candidates not involved in an election. CHAPTER 7: Elections 297

308 Contributions/Expenditures by Candidates (continued) Total No. Period Covered Balance Committees *Receipts Expenditures $443,172.27 $4,447,551.62 $4,890,723.89 319 01/01/97-12/31/98 208 State legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 29 not involved in an election - 2 supreme court judge candidates, 1 court of appeals judge candidates and 41 district judge candidates involved in the primary, 2 supreme court judge and 2 district court candidates involved in primary and general elections, 1 supreme court judge not involved in an election - 30 statewide candidates involved in primary and general and 4 not involved in an election. 287 $3,007,531.08 01/01/99-12/31/00 $2,468,172.83 $539,358.25 231 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 38 not involved in an election - 2 supreme court judge candidates, 1 court of appeals candidate involved in the primary election, 2 supreme court and 2 district judge candidates not involved in an election and 11 statewide candidates not involved in an election. 01/01/01-12/31/02 $506,107.19 $8,461,366.54 472 $7,955,259.35 325 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 49 not involved in an election - 3 supreme court judge candidates, 2 supreme court judge candidates not involved in an election, 1 court of appeals judge candidate, 42 district judge candidates involved in the primary, 4 district judge candidates involved in primary and general, 39 statewide candidates involved in the primary and general, 7 statewide candidates not involved in an election. 325 01/01/03-12/31/04 $4,427,486.71 $3,690,118.04 $737,368.67 236 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 56 not involved in an election - 2 supreme court judge candidates, 1 court of appeals judge candidate involved in the primary election, 1 supreme court candidate, 1 court of appeals judge candidate and 5 district judge candidates not involved in an election and 14 statewide candidates not involved in an election. $1,012,569.12 $9,032,789.52 $9,352,401.67 368 01/01/05-12/31/06 226 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 58 not involved in an election - 1 supreme court judge candidate, 1 court of appeals judge candidate involved in the primary election and 1 court of appeals judge candidate not involved in an election - 40 district judge candidates involved in the primary, 2 district judge candidates involved in the primary and general - 31 statewide candidates involved in the primary and general, 8 statewide candidates not involved in an election. $1,123,579.03 $5,055,747.35 $6,179,326.38 300 01/01/07-12/31/08 223 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections and 56 not involved in an election; 4 supreme court candidates, 1 court of appeals judge candidate and 2 district judge candidates not involved in an election; 14 statewide candidates not involved in an election. 378 01/01/09-12/31/10 $7,392,576.25 $7,355,132.85 $1,161,694.92 239 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections, 61 not involved in an election; 3 supreme court candidates, 1 court of appeals judge candidate; 39 district judge candidates involved in the primary; 1 supreme court candidate, 1 appeals court candidate and 1 district judge candidate not involved in an election; 26 statewide candidates; 6 statewide candidates not involved in an election. $5,479,380.06 $1,370,361.01 01/01/11-12/31/12 445 $5,690,187.00 318 state legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections, 1 supreme court candidate, 2 court of appeals judge candidates, 8 statewide officeholders not involved in an election, 2 district judges not involved in an election, 115 previous candidates or officeholders who have not terminated their reporting requirements by reaching a zero balance. $14,962,056.32 $1,736,701.45 $14,588,771.12 01/01/13-12/31/14 457 232 State legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections; 3 supreme court candidates, 1 court of appeals judge candidate; 51 district judge candidates involved in the primary; 37 statewide candidates; 133 previous candidates or officeholders who have not terminated their reporting requirements by reaching a zero balance and were not involved in an election. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 298

309 Contributions/Expenditures by Candidates (continued) Total No. Balance Expenditures Committees *Receipts Period Covered $5,617,487.59 $2,149,820.96 01/01/15-12/31/16 412 $6,045,234.23 237 State legislative candidates involved in primary and general elections; 7 supreme court candidates, 1 court of appeals judge candidate; 51 district judge candidates involved in the primary; 11 statewide candidates; 156 previous candidates or officeholders who have not terminated their reporting requirements by reaching a zero balance and were not involved in an election. * Receipts include beginning balance for some candidates. Source: Idaho Secretary of State, Elections Division. Fremont County Courthouse Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Elections CHAPTER 7: Elections 299

310 Political Party Officials Republican Mailing Address: PO Box 2267, Boise 83701 Phone: (208) 343-6405 Web site: www.idgop.org Email: [email protected] Party Chair Vacant Mike Mathews 1st Vice Chair 2nd Vice Chair Tyler Hurst Lyndel Strong Executive Director National Committeeman Damond Watkins National Committeewoman Cindy Siddoway Secretary Marla Lawson Chris Harriman Treasurer Democratic Mailing Address: PO Box 445, Boise 83701 Phone: (208) 336-1815 Web site: www.idahodems.org Email: [email protected] Chairman Bert Marley Vice Chair 1 Van Beechler Vice Chair 2 Jesse Maldonado Executive Director Dean Ferguson Jerry Shriner National Committeeman Susan Eastlake National Committeewoman A.J. Balukoff Treasurer Libertarian Mailing Address: 1421 Dearborn Street, Caldwell 83605 Phone: (208) 459-1032 Web site: lpid.org Email: [email protected] Chairman Rob Oates Vice Chair Mikel Hautzinger Treasurer Cathy Smith Secretary Dwight Zitek Constitution Mailing Address: PO Box 186, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816 Phone: (208) 906.8299 Web site: www.cpidaho.org Email: [email protected] Chairman F.W. Whitley Vice Chair Anthony Tomkins Treasurer Raymond J. Writz Secretary Vacant Source: Idaho Secretary of State, Elections Division. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 300

311 Primary Election ~ Abstract of Votes May 17, 2016 Issued by Lawerence Denney, Secretary of State UNITED STATES SENATOR Constitution Republican Democrat Counties Pro-Life Ray J. Writz Jerry Sturgill Mike Crapo 21 10,415 Ada 15 18,799 3 76 726 Adams 1 6 1,478 4,807 Bannock 8 2 2 18 1,771 Bear Lake 1 166 542 0 Benewah Bingham 0 2 211 2,527 0 1 1,644 508 Blaine 1 6 107 1,241 Boise Bonner 4 9 730 4,908 Bonneville 3 5 536 6,949 Boundary 1 164 1,900 4 1 26 436 Butte 0 0 0 14 208 Camas Canyon 14 1,447 11,288 8 Caribou 0 1 19 1,371 Cassia 0 1 55 2,957 Clark 1 7 171 0 Clearwater 0 0 149 570 Custer 0 0 53 1,001 Elmore 1 2 300 2,663 1,237 Franklin 2 2 22 1 73 Fremont 2,351 2 Gem 5 2,168 3 163 0 1,341 1 Gooding 150 2 270 2,765 Idaho 4 1 85 3,406 Jefferson 7 Jerome 5 2 117 1,653 2 9 1,954 11,480 Kootenai 6 1,151 2,127 Latah 3 Lemhi 0 1 85 1,358 0 0 Lewis 546 54 Lincoln 1 52 763 0 3 2 57 3,899 Madison Minidoka 2 3 83 1,705 Nez Perce 3 888 1,897 2 Oneida 0 0 16 1,091 Owyhee 0 1 56 980 Payette 2 1 143 2,277 Elections Power 0 153 869 0 1 3 Shoshone 353 1,952 Teton 0 0 356 1,033 Twin Falls 4 7 668 6,764 Valley 2 204 760 0 Washington 0 1 104 1,467 TOTAL 89 131 26,471 119,633 Plurality 42 100.0 % 100.0 % Percentage 40.5 % 59.5 % CHAPTER 7: Elections 301

312 Primary Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) May 17, 2016 UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE District 1 Democrat Republican Gordon Staniela James Shizandra Issac M. Raul R. Counsil Fox Haugen Piotrowski Labrador Nikolova Counties 691 469 1,820 Ada 1,109 10,233 1,355 Adams 15 38 85 56 610 19 Bannock Bear Lake 59 25 64 Benewah 43 515 43 Bingham Blaine Boise 40 18 49 174 127 1,037 Bonner 188 396 573 560 4,024 116 Bonneville Boundary 19 77 154 203 1,610 59 Butte Camas Canyon 423 253 793 1,406 920 9,856 Caribou Cassia Clark Clearwater 45 23 72 57 63 502 Custer Elmore Franklin Fremont 68 Gem 61 31 1,896 266 206 Gooding Idaho 47 126 288 264 2,401 90 Jefferson Jerome 539 262 1,126 905 1,075 10,077 Kootenai 214 205 647 232 199 1,857 Latah Lemhi Lewis 6 25 67 47 444 22 Lincoln Madison Minidoka 190 1,572 252 114 Nez Perce 195 477 Oneida Owyhee 25 13 28 79 63 909 Payette 57 71 298 193 1,881 25 Power Shoshone 306 900 31 32 294 577 Teton Twin Falls Valley 41 34 125 124 83 638 Washington 21 52 178 172 1,212 26 TOTAL 3,428 2,002 6,954 6,510 5,605 51,568 Plurality 3,526 45,058 8.8 % 81.0 % Percentage 27.7 % 16.2 % 56.2 % 10.2 % IDAHO BLUE BOOK 302

313 Primary Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) May 17, 2016 UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE District 2 Democrat Republican Constitution Jennifer Martinez Lisa Marie Counties Anthony Tomkins Mike Simpson 13 7,526 1,768 5,825 Ada Adams 11 1,484 1,611 3,660 Bannock 3 441 1,373 18 Bear Lake Benewah 2 210 857 1,894 Bingham 1 1,644 79 445 Blaine Boise Bonner Bonneville 9 1,982 5,721 532 Boundary Butte 27 139 328 0 Camas 14 61 161 0 Canyon Caribou 1 19 331 1,099 Cassia 55 876 2,257 1 Clark 1 7 47 139 Clearwater Custer 0 57 396 728 306 Elmore 3 852 2,030 Franklin 1,029 3 23 276 Fremont 3 1,785 71 710 Gem 1 391 Gooding 1,041 149 Idaho Jefferson 82 1,136 2,618 7 7 116 506 1,266 Jerome Kootenai Latah 1 84 364 1,102 Lemhi Lewis Lincoln 1 53 186 626 Madison 3 56 968 3,153 Minidoka 84 503 1,312 4 Nez Perce Oneida 0 17 329 828 Owyhee Payette Elections Power 0 217 695 162 Shoshone 0 362 240 841 Teton Twin Falls 7 658 2,176 5,160 Valley Washington TOTAL 82 13,816 17,442 47,116 Plurality 29,674 73.0 % 27.0 % Percentage 100.0 % 100.0 % CHAPTER 7: Elections 303

314 Primary Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) May 17, 2016 APPELLATE SUPREME COURT JUSTICE COURT JUDGE Roger S. To Succeed: Jim Jones Molly J. Huskey Burdick Roger S. Robyn Sergio A. Clive J. Curt Molly J. Huskey McKenzie Counties Brody Strong Gutierrez Burdick 7,830 Ada 7,045 6,506 27,435 27,150 11,009 658 118 236 136 661 Adams 256 5,900 2,284 1,151 Bannock 1,221 5,836 1,693 Bear Lake 570 122 463 361 1,657 1,669 560 119 326 99 566 Benewah 195 2,779 976 405 786 784 2,783 Bingham Blaine 2,061 681 228 338 2,062 881 Boise 433 230 359 247 1,210 1,211 Bonner 4,964 1,728 1,084 1,847 786 4,989 Bonneville 6,795 1,294 2,242 1,835 6,927 2,380 1,739 557 675 337 1,736 Boundary 240 423 44 120 97 432 Butte 181 211 71 28 Camas 43 199 59 Canyon 2,483 4,784 4,749 1,925 11,939 11,478 1,230 430 89 390 316 1,270 Caribou Cassia 2,919 1,371 201 637 801 2,907 27 35 45 158 60 Clark 165 Clearwater 297 108 222 152 716 711 Custer 961 317 139 297 244 975 Elmore 1,089 545 743 571 2,785 2,790 1,131 1,091 463 79 479 176 Franklin 872 Fremont 2,402 284 553 724 2,427 Gem 2,133 454 732 476 2,153 653 1,471 476 374 525 1,456 Gooding 159 938 1,026 433 2,647 2,640 505 Idaho 956 450 1,146 Jefferson 3,329 3,299 947 1,869 684 212 446 479 1,779 Jerome 12,111 3,975 2,094 4,675 2,242 12,137 Kootenai Latah 3,096 988 837 725 3,056 877 1,244 122 347 452 1,235 Lemhi 404 600 227 80 188 108 583 Lewis Lincoln 754 74 241 146 778 274 Madison 1,015 473 898 1,420 3,684 3,685 Minidoka 1,707 1,020 114 316 416 1,722 Nez Perce 2,601 503 694 493 2,631 1,114 85 354 211 1,007 1,006 Oneida 380 970 250 185 352 170 971 Owyhee Payette 2,307 368 895 516 2,304 619 Power 759 174 284 223 1,085 1,079 Shoshone 2,173 856 382 690 335 2,225 Teton 1,232 228 254 302 1,244 394 Twin Falls 3,014 930 1,689 1,976 7,168 7,432 Valley 899 278 306 209 229 920 Washington 395 277 517 353 1,432 1,417 TOTAL 135,592 45,282 31,944 41,348 30,921 136,347 Plurality 3,934 20.70% 100.00% Percentage 100.00% 30.30% 21.40% 27.70% IDAHO BLUE BOOK 304

315 Primary Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) May 17, 2016 VOTING STATISTICS Number Total Number % of Registered Total Number Number of Election Day Voters that of Registered of Registered Ballots Cast Voted Voters at Cutoff Voters Registrants Counties 216,874 218,169 35,363 16.2 % Ada 1,295 43 2,452 996 40.6 % Adams 2,409 40,131 282 40,413 7,547 18.7 % Bannock 3,167 Bear Lake 1,969 59.9 % 120 3,287 4,743 4,774 861 18.0 % Benewah 31 19,483 102 19,585 3,320 17.0 % Bingham 11,398 11,566 2,962 25.6 % 168 Blaine 38.3 % 115 4,422 1,693 Boise 4,307 Bonner 22,064 329 22,393 7,292 32.6 % Bonneville 46,747 46,998 8,975 19.1 % 251 5,497 5,658 2,550 45.1 % Boundary 161 1,480 21 1,501 607 40.4 % Butte Camas 639 660 274 41.5 % 21 Canyon 610 80,792 15,235 18.9 % 80,182 Caribou 3,524 83 3,607 1,478 41.0 % Cassia 9,184 9,313 3,389 36.4 % 129 Clark 3 355 190 53.5 % 352 Clearwater 4,315 8 4,323 949 22.0 % Custer 2,697 65 2,762 1,277 46.2 % 37.4 % 3,630 9,488 209 9,697 Elmore 6,010 1,418 Franklin 23.4 % 37 6,047 Fremont 6,426 2,704 41.4 % 104 6,530 146 2,781 31.0 % 8,838 Gem 8,984 58 5,947 1,766 29.7 % Gooding 5,889 9,292 71 3,894 41.6 % Idaho 9,363 12,913 13,033 4,165 32.0 % Jefferson 120 7,518 83 7,601 2,105 27.7 % Jerome 70,129 70,594 15,858 22.5 % Kootenai 465 20,356 230 20,586 4,465 21.7 % Latah 4,671 1,704 4,714 Lemhi 36.1 % 43 1,972 727 2,018 Lewis 36.0 % 46 Lincoln 86 2,009 966 48.1 % 1,923 Madison 16,293 281 16,574 4,480 27.0 % Minidoka 72 7,548 2,029 26.9 % 7,476 Nez Perce 19,166 118 19,284 3,310 17.2 % Oneida 2,406 84 2,490 1,310 52.6 % Elections Owyhee 4,510 4,573 1,198 26.2 % 63 9,993 10,080 2,830 28.1 % Payette 87 3,233 48 3,281 Power 42.2 % 1,385 Shoshone 6,271 355 6,626 3,558 53.7 % Teton 5,496 76 5,572 1,724 30.9 % Twin Falls 538 33,301 8,822 26.5 % 32,763 Valley 5,775 25 5,800 1,179 20.3 % Washington 4,894 69 4,963 1,871 37.7 % 176,806 23.0 % TOTAL 762,894 7,351 770,245 CHAPTER 7: Elections 305

316 Union Pacific Mainline Depot Photo Courtesy of Jeff Harvey Guffey Bridge Photo Courtesy of Laura Weston 306 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

317 Photo Courtesy of Jeff Harvey Owsley Bridge Elections 307 CHAPTER 7: Elections

318 General Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) November 8, 2016 PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES DEM CON IND IND Hillary Rodham Darrell L. Scott Rocky De La Fuente Copeland Clinton Castle Counties 1,019 75,677 481 349 Ada Adams 12 415 11 7 125 80 10,342 240 Bannock 15 2 Bear Lake 22 255 17 30 Benewah 770 10 73 2,924 34 Bingham 144 Blaine 35 6,416 23 20 Boise 7 22 777 13 5,819 84 33 116 Bonner Bonneville 169 87 272 8,930 33 29 7 Boundary 933 160 4 Butte 4 2 2 110 0 Camas 6 261 175 Canyon 433 16,883 14 4 271 20 Caribou 1,036 28 17 Cassia 56 4 44 0 Clark 4 704 12 18 Clearwater 8 427 9 9 Custer 12 50 33 21 Elmore 1,814 Franklin 112 385 38 4 36 651 30 8 Fremont 41 Gem 17 1,229 30 930 Gooding 27 42 16 47 1,196 14 Idaho 57 Jefferson 101 976 50 19 Jerome 16 46 1,329 27 16,264 210 86 372 Kootenai 8,093 73 Latah 320 49 19 16 9 Lemhi 733 270 2 18 Lewis 6 360 6 6 Lincoln 18 136 43 16 Madison 1,201 Minidoka 47 1,167 26 32 119 4,828 74 41 Nez Perce 23 Oneida 1 184 18 591 8 22 9 Owyhee Payette 42 1,507 29 17 699 12 Power 19 11 45 22 12 Shoshone 1,384 2,159 5 7 Teton 27 142 6,233 120 83 Twin Falls 26 13 14 1,913 Valley Washington 25 776 22 9 4,403 189,765 2,356 1,373 TOTAL Plurality Percentage 0.6% 27.5% 0.3% 0.2% IDAHO BLUE BOOK 308

319 General Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) November 8, 2016 (cont.) PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IND REP LIB IND Evan Jill Donald J. Gary Johnson Trump Stein McMullin Counties 11,226 93,752 3,138 Ada 9,984 19 1,556 83 Adams 80 3,449 518 17,180 Bannock 1,471 54 366 2,203 Bear Lake 11 61 3,103 151 Benewah 42 2,002 124 10,907 Bingham 417 424 176 3,340 Blaine 289 Boise 173 112 35 2,673 762 372 396 13,343 Bonner Bonneville 1,634 399 26,699 6,022 161 130 3,789 Boundary 80 114 914 25 Butte 7 33 6 410 Camas 23 2,778 797 47,222 Canyon 4,216 Caribou 64 372 15 2,275 202 853 Cassia 5,949 37 Clark 23 1 203 4 97 38 2,852 Clearwater 72 67 82 30 1,777 Custer Elmore 376 77 5,816 332 Franklin 117 912 30 3,901 Fremont 127 751 20 4,090 Gem 241 57 5,980 357 3,743 110 293 Gooding 30 165 6,441 254 Idaho 52 1,560 55 8,436 Jefferson 274 218 52 4,644 Jerome 419 Kootenai 2,604 1,557 744 44,449 1,197 696 Latah 7,265 463 Lemhi 139 31 3,011 138 62 13 1,202 Lewis 17 54 102 18 1,184 Lincoln Madison 4,669 69 8,941 612 Minidoka 207 463 41 4,887 Nez Perce 879 352 203 10,699 Oneida 271 1,531 37 3 108 26 108 Owyhee 3,052 Payette 247 314 59 6,489 Elections 233 92 1,666 Power 26 87 54 219 Shoshone 3,297 Teton 184 327 99 2,167 1,076 2,065 326 19,828 Twin Falls 230 53 2,906 194 Valley Washington 138 175 26 3,283 28,331 46,476 8,496 409,055 TOTAL 219,290 Plurality Percentage 4.1% 6.7% 1.2% 59.2% CHAPTER 7: Elections 309

320 General Election ~ Abstract of Votes November 8, 2016 Issued by Lawerence Denney, Secretary of State UNITED STATES SENATOR CON REP DEM Jerry Sturgill Mike Crapo Counties Ray J. Writz Ada 104,650 72,847 9,646 Adams 202 1,463 459 Bannock 19,883 11,585 2,181 Bear Lake 291 2,415 208 Benewah 746 3,103 293 Bingham 12,114 2,997 1,401 Blaine 5,961 226 4,562 Boise 2,497 860 391 Bonner 13,908 5,767 1,029 Bonneville 31,093 9,158 3,229 Boundary 3,961 274 920 Butte 948 100 185 Camas 126 36 414 Canyon 17,007 5,242 50,006 Caribou 2,450 350 234 Cassia 6,418 1,011 721 Clark 32 23 225 Clearwater 2,865 711 158 Custer 1,693 429 253 Elmore 6,059 1,752 610 Franklin 4,682 441 365 Fremont 4,521 692 498 Gem 5,779 694 1,378 Gooding 3,834 958 399 Idaho 1,247 6,272 594 Jefferson 1,067 9,120 1,196 Jerome 1,253 574 4,931 Kootenai 15,365 2,945 47,636 Latah 9,626 645 8,050 Lemhi 3,013 309 723 Lewis 257 102 1,239 Lincoln 354 123 1,263 Madison 12,826 1,473 1,117 Minidoka 5,067 1,108 591 Nez Perce 12,188 560 4,621 Oneida 1,719 133 206 Owyhee 581 344 2,909 Payette 1,549 600 6,480 Power 1,942 686 162 Shoshone 3,463 1,477 205 Teton 2,156 170 2,659 Twin Falls 20,701 6,559 2,452 Valley 3,202 1,883 240 Washington 842 331 3,218 TOTAL 449,017 188,249 41,677 Plurality 260,768 Percentage 6.0 % 27.3 % 65.1 % IDAHO BLUE BOOK 310

321 General Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) November 8, 2016 UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE DISTRICT 1 DISTRICT 2 WRITE IN REP CON DEM REP DEM Raul R. James Anthony Mike Jennifer Martinez Pro-Life Simpson Piotrowski Tomkins Labrador Counties 65,546 33,138 12 44,551 45,231 4,786 Ada 1,534 0 609 Adams Bannock 11,671 19,311 2,463 322 2,375 218 Bear Lake 3,114 1,002 0 Benewah Bingham 3,049 11,578 1,783 Blaine 5,640 4,820 241 Boise 2,599 0 1,158 13,617 0 Bonner 6,800 Bonneville 8,699 30,653 3,746 3,958 1,149 Boundary 0 Butte 170 941 113 Camas 125 416 40 Canyon 50,174 21,831 14 Caribou 2,399 248 354 Cassia 1,091 6,135 870 Clark 38 212 27 Clearwater 2,740 962 0 Custer 413 1,628 297 1,858 Elmore 5,842 615 477 371 Franklin 4,590 Fremont 4,351 735 593 1,967 5,893 3 Gem Gooding 1,000 3,676 490 1,701 0 Idaho 6,406 8,765 1,276 1,249 Jefferson Jerome 1,320 4,710 663 46,330 18,880 0 Kootenai Latah 9,073 0 9,075 716 2,940 356 Lemhi 1,217 374 0 Lewis 376 1,221 Lincoln 137 Madison 1,469 12,473 1,295 Minidoka 1,221 4,785 713 Nez Perce 5,990 0 11,162 Oneida 223 1,653 165 Owyhee 3,027 841 1 Payette 6,392 2,227 23 Elections Power 696 198 1,885 3,194 0 Shoshone 1,887 2,182 2,605 Teton 184 Twin Falls 6,295 20,097 3,117 Valley 3,003 2,324 0 Washington 1,139 0 3,271 TOTAL 242,252 113,052 53 95,940 205,292 25,005 Plurality 242,199 109,352 7.7% 62.9% Percentage 35.1 % 31.8% 0.0% 29.4% CHAPTER 7: Elections 311

322 General Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) November 8, 2016 VOTING STATISTICS Number Total Number % of Registered Total Number Election Day of Registered Number of Voters that of Registered Ballots Cast Voted Voters at Cutoff Voters Registrants Counties 230,425 270,556 202,971 75.0 % 40,131 Ada 320 2,847 2,237 78.6 % 2,527 Adams 41,309 6,546 47,855 72.7 % 34,388 Bannock 3,318 340 3,048 83.3 % 3,658 Bear Lake 4,966 5,446 4,320 79.3 % 480 Benewah 19,283 2,792 22,075 76.9 % 16,965 Bingham 12,032 14,066 11,073 78.7 % 2,034 Blaine 4,494 453 4,947 3,879 78.4 % Boise 80.7 % 23,767 2,993 26,760 21,586 Bonner 8,965 58,020 45,024 77.6 % 49,055 Bonneville 5,858 6,411 5,348 83.4 % 553 Boundary 1,478 129 1,607 1,265 78.7 % Butte 673 74 747 610 81.7 % Camas 84,351 17,056 101,407 74,648 73.6 % Canyon 77.8 % 3,573 413 3,986 3,101 Caribou 1,472 10,876 8,324 76.5 % 9,404 Cassia 363 28 391 296 75.7 % Clark 77.3 % 4,514 487 5,001 3,865 Clearwater 2,818 228 3,046 2,489 81.7 % Custer 10,121 1,637 11,758 Elmore 8,689 73.9 % 6,242 81.3 % 5,644 703 6,945 Franklin 734 7,287 5,803 79.6 % 6,553 Fremont 9,205 8,140 77.1 % 1,356 10,561 Gem 717 5,317 79.2 % 5,996 6,713 Gooding 783 10,249 8,517 9,466 83.1 % Idaho 13,326 1,410 14,736 11,666 79.2 % Jefferson 7,712 1,338 9,050 6,946 76.8 % Jerome 77,885 10,301 88,186 67,952 77.1 % Kootenai 21,817 26,251 18,921 72.1 % 4,434 Latah 4,794 278 5,072 4,183 82.5 % Lemhi 1,996 198 2,194 1,648 75.1 % Lewis 2,033 324 2,357 1,802 76.5 % Lincoln 72.3 % 17,373 4,954 22,327 16,148 Madison 1,334 9,038 6,983 77.3 % 7,704 Minidoka 20,133 22,872 17,792 77.8 % 2,739 Nez Perce 2,500 244 2,744 2,120 77.3 % Oneida 4,693 753 5,446 4,020 73.8 % Owyhee 10,216 1,863 12,079 8,884 73.5 % Payette 76.7 % 3,322 384 3,706 2,841 Power 564 7,174 5,302 73.9 % 6,610 Shoshone 5,726 816 6,542 5,121 78.3 % Teton 74.7 % 34,422 6,602 41,024 30,627 Twin Falls 82.5 % 5,884 750 6,634 5,472 Valley 5,137 745 5,882 4,570 77.7 % Washington 710,545 75.87 % 936,529 805,074 131,455 TOTAL IDAHO BLUE BOOK 312

323 General Election ~ Abstract of Votes (cont.) November 8, 2016 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT H.J.R. 5 Provides that the legislature may review any administrative rule; provides that the legislature may approve or reject, in whole or in part, any rule; and approval or rejection of a rule is not subject to gubernatorial veto. Counties YES NO 90,650 Ada 83,032 1,152 887 Adams 18,031 Bannock 13,615 Bear Lake 798 2,069 1,987 Benewah 2,052 9,661 6,008 Bingham Blaine 4,925 4,584 Boise 1,960 1,692 Bonner 9,988 8,116 Bonneville 23,119 16,293 2,679 Boundary 2,032 696 507 Butte Camas 243 316 Canyon 36,756 28,562 Caribou 1,805 1,039 Cassia 2,583 5,255 Clark 176 101 Clearwater 1,967 1,407 Custer 1,188 1,152 Elmore 4,753 3,045 3,545 Franklin 1,458 1,965 Fremont 3,576 Gem 4,116 3,181 1,985 Gooding 2,965 4,831 3,009 Idaho Jefferson 7,009 3,918 3,914 2,412 Jerome 33,067 25,938 Kootenai 8,943 Latah 7,895 Lemhi 2,168 1,600 956 Lewis 582 Lincoln 911 710 Madison 10,129 4,082 Minidoka 4,004 2,281 Nez Perce 6,493 9,101 Oneida 1,363 593 Owyhee 2,364 1,392 Payette 4,942 3,130 Elections Power 1,465 1,150 2,581 2,034 Shoshone Teton 1,985 2,531 10,597 Twin Falls 16,590 Valley 2,427 2,517 Washington 2,655 1,605 TOTAL 347,327 278,219 Plurality 69,108 4,705 44.5 % 55.5 % Percentage CHAPTER 7: Elections 313

324 Ririe Pegram Truss Railroad Bridge Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Shoshone Union Pacific Depot Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society 314 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

325 Education Idaho State University Photo courtesy of Idaho State University

326 Education in Idaho Idaho’s State Department of Education The 1947 Idaho Legislature set was organized in 1891, the first year the framework for today’s system of educational governance in Idaho. Among of Idaho’s statehood. The first State the 30 educational measures enacted Superintendent of Public Instruction, during the session was the official Joseph Harroun, was assisted by one establishment of a State Department of staff member and a part-time secretary Education with responsibility in a variety as he met his statutory responsibilities for summarizing reports from county school of areas: the school lunch program, school superintendents, awarding certificates transportation, teacher certification, to qualified teachers, preparing lists of curriculum development, and other public school concerns. The department’s eight acceptable textbooks, preparing courses of staff members handled the work. study for the schools, and presiding over meetings of the State Board of Education. Today the Idaho State Department of Education is organized into programs. The In 1911, Governor James H. Hawley programs within the State Department of proposed a reorganization of the state’s educational system into a form similar to Education work closely together to ensure today’s structure - that is, a single State the needs of all Idaho students are being Board of Education responsible for the met. Here is an example of some of the programs: general supervision of Idaho’s educational Child Nutrition monitors the National institutions and public school system. School Lunch Program, Breakfast, USDA The board was comprised originally Foods, Summer Food, Child and Adult of six members, five appointed by the Food, After School and At Risk Programs. governor to a 5-year term, and the elected Content and Curriculum includes the Superintendent of Public Instruction Content Areas and Instructional Services. (membership was later increased to Elementary and Secondary seven appointed members). The enabling includes all Elementary and Education legislation, passed in 1913, also established Secondary Education Act program funding a Commissioner of Education to serve as and assistance to schools. an advisor to the board and to work with School Support and Advanced both public school administrators and the includes Safe and Drug Opportunities state’s higher education institutions. In time, however, it became evident Free Schools Program, School Health, that there was duplication between the Advanced Opportunities, GEAR UP, Suicide Commissioner of Education, appointed Prevention, 21st Century Community by the State Board of Education, and Learning Centers, Driver Education and the elected Superintendent of Public Indian Education. Public School Finance distributes the Instruction, who served as a member of the public school state appropriation. board. Thus, in 1933, the Idaho Legislature includes Charter School Choice eliminated the Commissioner of Education School, Alternative School and Home and named the State Superintendent of School support. Public Instruction as the executive secretary of the State Board of Education, with the superintendent’s staff located in the State Source: State Department of Education Department of Education. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 316

327 Idaho’s Endowment Trusts Education When Idaho became a state in 1890, In 1905, the Legislature created the the Admission’s Act granted the new state Department of Lands to support the Land about 3 million acres of federal lands for Board. Over the years the board sold and public school support (sections 16 and 36 of exchanged properties so that about 2.1 million acres of public school endowment every township) and another 650 thousand acres for support of eight other endowment lands remain and about 350,000 acres of the other eight beneficiaries land remain. In beneficiaries. The State Constitution addition to land sales and mineral revenue, placed the management of these lands the Land Board chose to deposit timber sale into the hands of the five-member State revenue into the permanent endowment. Board of Land Commissioners composed It chose to place lease revenues into the of the Governor, Secretary of State, Attorney General, State Controller and income funds for annual distribution along Superintendent of Public Instruction. with the earnings from the permanent The Constitution gave the State Treasurer funds. the responsibility for management of In 1969, the Legislature created an the financial assets generated by the Endowment Fund Investment Board (EFIB) endowment lands. to manage the financial assets. Idaho Land Remaining Institution Percent Percent Acres 6/13 Remain Grants of Total 2,073,020 Public Schools 2,982,683 84.9% 69.5% Agricultural College 90,000 37.2% 1.4% 33,489 150,000 51.5% 3.2% Charitable Institutions 77,253 100,000 59,647 59.6% 2.4% Normal School Penitentiary 28,908 57.8% 1.2% 50,000 School of Science 100,000 75,490 75.5% 3.1% Mental Hospital 50,000 31,433 62.9% 1.3% University of Idaho* 55,169 57.4% 2.3% 96,080 Capitol Endowment 32,000 7,283 22.8% 0.3% Total 3,650,763 2,441,692 66.9% 100.0% * Includes 46,080 acres granted Feb. 18, 1881 to University of Idaho • Public school endowment lands comprise 85% of the total endowment lands. • Sixty-seven percent of original or exchanged endowment lands remain. A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends : Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016 CHAPTER 8: Education 317

328 Universities Boise State University President: Dr. Robert Kustra www.boisestate.edu Boise, ID 83725 (208) 426-1000 Degrees: 12 doctorate, 64 master’s, 84 undergraduate, 21 graduate certificate Boise State University Photo courtesy of Boise State University Boise State University is a public, Studies. In addition, classroom learning metropolitan research university of can be enhanced by interning with the distinction offering an array of State Legislature, government agencies, undergraduate and graduate degrees and or one of the many private businesses or experiences that foster student success, industries in the area. Students also have lifelong learning, community engagement, the opportunity to study abroad in more innovation and creativity. Research and than 50 countries. creative activity advance new knowledge Fac ulty members are dedicated to excellence in teaching, research and and benefit students, the community, state creative activity. Undergraduate and and nation. With its exceptional faculty, graduate students have the opportunity staff and student body, and its location in to work alongside and study under some the heart of a thriving metropolitan area, of the West’s most respected scientists, the university is an engine that drives the artists, researchers and educators across Idaho economy, providing significant return disciplines. This hands-on experience both on public investment. enhances and expands students’ education Boise State’s 23,886 students represent and prepares them for future careers in arts, Idaho, the nation and the world. Students humanities, health care, science, technology can choose from academic programs in and more. eight colleges — Arts and Sciences, Business oise State scientists are engaged B and Economics, Education, Engineering, Health Sciences, School of Public Service, in world-class studies both on campus Innovation and Design, and Graduate and around the globe in areas such as IDAHO BLUE BOOK 318

329 geosciences; sensors; materials science; the School of Nursing and University Health Education energy, health and public policy; and Services. Campus life offers adventure creative writing. Emerging research and activity as more than 200 student strengths include resource economics; organizations and a beautiful Student ecological biology; computer science; Recreation Center provide opportunities STEM education (science, technology, for both individual development and fun. engineering and math); and biomolecular university’s main entertainment The sciences studies aimed at identifying, venues include the Special Events Center, preventing, eradicating and treating Albertsons Stadium, Taco Bell Arena and diseases such as Cancer, Alzheimer’s and the Morrison Center for the Performing Parkinson’s. Arts. More than one million visitors come The campus boasts several state-of-the- to campus annually for Nobel and Pulitzer art facilities, including the Micron Business Prize-winning speakers, Bronco football, and Economics Building, the Environmental cultural festivals, the Martin Luther King Research Building, the Interactive Learning Jr. Human Rights Celebration and other Center and the Norco Building that houses signature events. Idaho State University President: Arthur C. Vailas Pocatello, ID 83202 (208) 282-3440 www.isu.edu Degrees: Career and Technical, Associate, Baccalaureate, Master’s and Doctoral Idaho State University Photo courtesy of Idaho State University Idaho in 1927, it was established as Idaho Idaho State University has served State College in 1947. By action of the 37th the citizens of Idaho since 1901, when Idaho Legislature, the institution became the institution was first established as the Idaho State University on July 1, 1963. Academy of Idaho. Renamed the Idaho Technical Institute in 1915 and reorganized On January 18, 2011 the prestigious as the Southern Branch of the University of Carnegie Foundation has designated Idaho CHAPTER 8: Education 319

330 Meridian. State University as a research university, a classification enjoyed by less than 300 of Idaho State University’s presence in the nation’s more than 4,400 universities. the Treasure Valley began in the early Today, ISU enrolls nearly 14,500 1970s with clinical pharmacy rotations at the Veteran Affairs Medical Center in Boise students each semester in more than and the Nampa State School. Since then, 200 top-flight certificate and degree the ISU-Meridian Health Science Center programs in the colleges of Arts & has grown to offer more than two dozen Letters, Business, Education, Science & fields of study in the health professions. Engineering, Technology, the Division of Health Sciences and the Graduate School. As programs have grown, so too has Credits awarded by ISU are accepted at all ISU’s physical space—moving from leased recognized colleges and universities in the facilities in Boise to the ISU Meridian Health United States. Science Center in August 2009. The ISU- Idaho State University is the state’s Meridian Health Science Center, which designated leader for education in the spans four acres, houses nine distance- health professions and trains healthcare learning classrooms, the L.S. Skaggs professionals in fields ranging from Pharmacy Complex; counseling and speech dental hygiene and dietetics to nursing, and language clinics; and human patient pharmacy, physical therapy, physician simulation and clinical/medical science assistants and radiology, as well as offering laboratories. The Delta Dental of Idaho residencies in dentistry and pharmacy, as Dental Residency Clinic opened in 2011, well as for physicians specializing in family provides advanced training for dentists and practice. The Pocatello Family Medicine treatment for underserved patients. ISU clinic operates in conjunction with Health Meridian provides clinics in counseling, West, and offers resident physicians and dentistry and speech and language. Unique to ISU-Meridian is its other health care students professional partnership with Joint School District opportunities for clinical experience. No. 2 whose administrative offices and ISU enrolls more than 2,000 students each semester in 46 master’s and 13 doctoral Renaissance Magnet High School are programs, including doctor of pharmacy, adjacent to the University. Renaissance doctor of physical therapy, doctor of students interested in careers in medical audiology, doctor of philosophy, doctor sciences and research have the opportunity to use ISU laboratories and resources. of education and doctor of arts degrees. ISU-Meridian serves as the higher ISU pioneered the doctor of arts degree, education anchor of THE CORE an 1,800- which emphasizes excellence in college acre business enterprise corridor with teaching in interdisciplinary programs in public and private partners committed to English, biology, mathematics and political building the economy through innovations science. In addition, a doctoral degree in health, research and technology. In 2016, in nuclear science and engineering and ISU entered a partnership with the Idaho an interdisciplinary master’s degree in College of Osteopathic Medicine to build hazardous waste management are offered a private medical school in the Treasure in conjunction with the University of Idaho Valley. The school is scheduled to open its and the Idaho National Laboratory. ISU offers educational programs doors in 2018. through a variety of innovative delivery In addition to its outstanding academic methods and options. The ISU-Idaho Falls and applied technology classroom and campus offers associate, baccalaureate laboratory facilities, ISU is also home to and graduate degree programs. Both the Holt Arena, the first indoor stadium daytime and evening courses are offered on a U.S. college campus; the Oboler on that campus. The University also offers Library, which houses over three-quarters academic programs in Twin Falls and of a million books and other items; and the IDAHO BLUE BOOK 320

331 funding is one of the most acoustically Idaho Museum of Natural History. The ISU Education Research and Business Park is home to the perfect concert halls in the United States. Business & Technology Center; the Idaho This unique, state-of-the art facility has three Veterans Home, operated in conjunction theatrical venues for presenting a variety of with the State of Idaho; the Southeastern musical, dramatic and dance performances, District Health Department; and the Idaho and also includes instructional space and the offices of ISU’s School of the Performing Accelerator Center, operated by ISU in cooperation with the Department of Energy Arts. and the INL housing particle accelerators Currently, Idaho State has more than for nuclear research and applications in 80,000 living alumni. Additionally, ISU’s medicine, agriculture and industry. alumni contribute more than $800 million T he L.E. and Thelma E. Stephens to the state’s economy. Performing Arts Center, a $34 million structure built primarily with private University of Idaho President: Chuck Staben Moscow, ID 83844-3151 (208) 885-6365 www.uidaho.edu Degrees: Bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral, law and specialist University of Idaho Photo courtesy of University of Idaho The University of Idaho was created in Palouse meet the mountains in the bucolic 1889 by Idaho’s territorial legislature as college town of Moscow, Idaho. UI has the soon-to-be state’s premier land-grant centers in Boise, Coeur d’Alene and Idaho research university. In its 128-year history, Falls, serving more than 1,000 students, the University has awarded more than as well as online course offerings and a 125,000 degrees to more than 117,000 growing dual-credit program for Idaho’s graduates. high school students. The UI system also UI’s 1,585-acre main residential campus includes Extension offices in 42 counties is located where the rolling hills of the and on three American Indian reservations, CHAPTER 8: Education 321

332 in addition to 11 regional research and research and scholarship during their extension centers. time at UI. In 2017 the university opened the Statewide, nearly 12,000 students are Integrated Research and Innovation Center, drawn to the university’s reputation for a cutting-edge research facility that offers academic excellence, value, an exceptional laboratory, office and meeting space for student living and learning environment, faculty, staff and student researchers from and outstanding research and creative across university disciplines. Located in the opportunities. UI is committed to a heart of campus, it is home to projects that transformative educational experience that transcend traditional academic boundaries, leads to great careers and rewarding lives; allowing researchers to take on key innovative scholarship that makes an impact questions in new ways. Other new facilities on Idaho and the world; and outreach and on the historic Moscow campus include a engagement, including through statewide completely renovated College of Education outreach and Extension programs, that building and revamped living spaces. addresses societal needs and advances The Moscow campus is home to the economic development and culture. UI has Vandal athletic teams, who compete in a $1.1 billion annual impact on the state NCAA Division I, and the Kibbie-ASUI of Idaho and returns $9 for every $1 the Activity Center. The campus also houses state invests. University of Idaho students have access two arboreta and a botanical garden, to more than 130 areas of undergraduate with a combined 80 acres of gardens, study in nine colleges: Agricultural and ponds, trees and plants from across the Life Sciences; Business and Economics; globe. The Student Recreation Center Education; Engineering: Letters, Arts includes the tallest freestanding climbing and Social Sciences; Natural Resources; wall of any U.S. college (55 feet), and a Science; Law; and Graduate Studies. well-maintained fitness area with a wide The university offers nearly 100 masters offering of classes. The long-running Lionel and doctoral majors, as well as specialist Hampton Jazz Festival, which celebrated its and certificate programs. The university’s 50th anniversary in 2017, brings thousands nationally recognized law program offers of visitors to campus each year and provides full-three year programs at locations in an engaging musical and educational Moscow and in downtown Boise. The experience. The University of Idaho Library is Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana the largest in the state of Idaho and has and Idaho (WWAMI) Regional Medical served for more than 100 years as an Education Program provides access for official regional depository of U.S. federal Idaho residents to a top-ranked medical government publications. It includes education, training the state’s physicians Special Collections that are invaluable for and medical education professionals. The researchers, including databases of historic university’s more than $25 million in annual photographs, state documents, university scholarship makes those high-quality historical documents, rare books, digital educational options affordable. With research excellence in everything collections and the digitized International from agriculture to cybersecurity to energy Jazz Collections, the premiere jazz archives and natural resources, the University in the Pacific Northwest. The first floor of of Idaho is the state’s only Carnegie R2 the library was remodeled in 2016 to include “higher research activity” institution. informal learning spaces that serve as a hub The university’s $102 million in annual for student life and studies. The University of Idaho is a member research expenditures makes it the research of the Association of Public Land-Grant leader among Idaho higher education Universities and is accredited by the institutions. Undergraduate and graduate Northwest Commission on Colleges and students participate in research projects Universities. Additional approval or alongside the university’s world-class staff accreditation for specific programs has and faculty researchers. Facilitated by an been granted by a wide range of national Office for Undergraduate Research, most organizations. undergraduates participate in hands-on IDAHO BLUE BOOK 322

333 Colleges Education College of Southern Idaho President: Dr. Jeff Fox (208) 733-9554 www.csi.edu Twin Falls, ID 83303-1238 Degrees: Associate and Certificate College of Southern Idaho Photo courtesy of College of Southern Idaho The College of Southern Idaho It was completed in the spring of 2014. More than 10,000 students now in Twin Falls was established in 1965 by voters in Twin Falls and Jerome Counties. enroll in CSI’s spring and fall semesters. Over the years, the campus has grown to Approximately 1,000 students enroll in the flexible four- to six-week summer more than 20 buildings on a beautifully semester programs. CSI offers 138 landscaped 315-acre campus. In 2010, academic and technical degree and CSI added a new 72,000 square foot certificate programs for first- and second- Health Science and Human Services building on its 120-acre expansion just year students as well as for those who north of the main campus. This building need shorter-term training for new careers or career enhancement. houses 15 high-demand health science CSI has dual credit agreements with programs, including Nursing, Radiologic 70 high schools from all over the state of Technology, and a four-year Dental Idaho which allow high school juniors Hygiene program. It became Idaho’s first and seniors to earn college and high LEED-certified college building. CSI’s school credits concurrently. Each year, latest LEED construction project, the approximately 4,000 high school students 41,000 square foot Applied Technology earn more than 18,000 CSI credits before and Innovation Center (ATIC), houses they graduate from high school, which Wind Energy, Manufacturing Technology, not only saves them and their families Environmental Technology, Drafting, and money, but also gives them a beneficial Heating and Air Conditioning programs. CHAPTER 8: Education 323

334 head start in college. program are attractive to students who want to enhance their college resumes Two hundred-fifty students live in with high-achievement classes and dorms on campus. Another 100 live in leadership opportunities. the nearby, campus-owned North View Apartments. The new 40-unit, CSI-owned Southern Idaho students outside Eagle View Student Apartments, house 80 of Twin Falls are able to take classes at more students within walking distance of one of CSI’s four off-campus centers in the campus. The privately owned Campus Idaho Falls, Burley, Hailey, and Gooding. Park apartment complex across the street Many of these classes have instructors from CSI accommodates another 500 right in their classrooms while others students within easy walking distance to are delivered in real time via interactive, classes. microwave transmission from the Twin Falls campus. More than 140 classes Tuition and fees remain among the and 18 degree programs are offered lowest in Idaho. Students pay $130/ online and that number is growing. CSI credit. The student-elected Senate plays also offers its students the ability to earn bachelor’s and master’s degrees on an active role in all decisions affecting campus without leaving Twin Falls, thanks student life and activities each year. A to its partnerships with the University of Program Board of students, faculty, and staff provides many entertainment and Idaho, Idaho State University, Lewis Clark enrichment events throughout the year, State College, and Boise State University. including music, magic, and comedy. More than 70 such programs are currently The CSI Honors and Phi Theta Kappa available with more under consideration. College of Western Idaho President: Dr. Berton Glandon Nampa ID 83687 (208) 562-3000 www.cwidaho.cc Degrees: Associate and Certificate College of Western Idaho Photo courtesy of College of Western Idaho IDAHO BLUE BOOK 324

335 As a forward-thinking community basic academic classes to help prepare for a Education college, the College of Western Idaho GED, dual credit for high school students, (CWI) partners with public and private and fast-track career training for working entities throughout the community to professionals. adequately prepare a skilled workforce to The CWI student body has embraced achieve a higher level of degree and skills the entrepreneurial spirit of the new college necessary to position Idaho as a leader in through implementation of an active quality of life and strong economic stability. student government and a variety of social CWI’s mission is to expand learning and and academic clubs that provide additional life opportunities, encourage individual enrichment opportunities and experiences. advancement, contribute to Idaho’s These student organizations are already economic growth, strengthen community contributing thousands of community prosperity, and develop leaders. The service hours and earning national college offers a full range of academic recognition for their exceptional skills. and career-technical courses leading to Three student clubs, SkillsUSA, Business Associate of Arts, Science, or Applied Professional of America, and Speech Science degrees, career-technical degrees, and Debate, are competing and winning continuing education credits, and specialty national honors – including securing skill certificates. recognition as the No. 1 community college Created by a super-majority of voters in the nation for Speech and Debate an in Ada and Canyon counties on May 22, amazing five out of seven years. 2007, CWI is the not only the newest CWI consists of over 1,000 employees, most of whom possess a master’s degree Idaho community college, but has quickly become the largest with dedication focused or several years’ experience within the on serving Idaho’s largest population hub applicable discipline of their role. The in western Idaho. Since its first offering of success of CWI students and programs classes in January 2009, the enrollment is supported by the phenomenal faculty at CWI has increased over 250 percent. and staff who share the passion and Today, CWI serves nearly 14,000 credit dedication of the College’s mission and students and over 10,000 non-credit take great lengths to ensure each student has the opportunity for success and is training participants. Students can choose from classes offered in Boise or Nampa, prepared for the next phase in their lives. This exceptional group also works closely or online; which are offered through day, evening, and weekend hours to with members of the business community accommodate those with more challenging to ensure Idaho’s workforce needs are schedules. CWI has articulation agreements met with highly-educated and productive with both public and private colleges and graduates. With hundreds of programs to universities, allowing students to transfer choose from and credit classes at just $139 per credit, CWI truly is a valuable higher associate degree credits when ready to pursue a bachelor’s degree. CWI also offers education resource for Idaho. CHAPTER 8: Education 325

336 Eastern Idaho Technical College President: Rick Aman (208) 524-3000 www.eitc.edu Idaho Falls, ID 83404 Photo courtesy of EITC East Idaho Technical College Ea stern Idaho Technical College term training, adult basic education, and (EITC) in Idaho Falls offers educational community education courses. The College programs in professional-technical fields, establishes and maintains collaborative short-term customized training, continuing partnerships with area school districts, education and community services to meet universities, business and industry, the needs of students, business and industry, government agencies, and other regional and the communities in its service delivery entities, to promote economic development area (Lemhi, Custer, Butte, Fremont, and coordinate delivery of services. Also Madison, Teton, Jefferson, Clark, and offered are joint high school and EITC Bonneville counties). Ninety-eight percent programs, through Region 6 Advanced of the student body are Idaho residents. Opportunities. EITC, created in 1969, is During fiscal year 2016, the College enrolled accredited by the Northwest Commission 1,102 pre-employment credit students, and on Colleges and Universities. 12,208 students in a combination of short- IDAHO BLUE BOOK 326

337 Lewis-Clark State College Education President: Dr. J. Anthony Fernandez (208) 792-5272 Lewiston, ID 83501 www.lcsc.edu Degrees: Baccalaureate, Associate, Certificate of Completion Lewis-Clark State College Photo courtesy of LCSC Lewis-Clark State College, established Board of Nursing in 1893, has a proud heritage and • Teacher Education – Council for the continuing tradition of service to the Accreditation of Educator Preparation state and the nation through its unique, Radiographic Science – Joint Review • three-fold mission of academic programs, Committee on Education in Radiologic professional-technical programs, and Technology community college/community support Social Work – National Council on • programs. Social Work Education Lewis-Clark State College is a regional • Business – International Assembly for undergraduate institution offering Collegiate Business Education baccalaureate degrees in education, • Medical Assisting – Commission nursing, business, social work, criminal on Accreditation of Allied Health justice, as well as in the liberal arts Education Programs and sciences. The college has a wide • Automotive Mechanics Technology variety of career and technical education – National Automotive Technicians programs leading to certificates, associate’s Education Foundation degrees and bachelor’s degrees in applied Collision Repair – National Automotive • technology. The college also offers several Education Foundation programs for individuals with other AWS – American Welding Society • educational goals, including a large GED The college is a member of the program. American Association of State Colleges and Lewis-Clark State College is accredited Universities, Council for the Advancement by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Support of Education, University and Universities. LCSC has the following Continuing Education Association, and specialized accreditations: American Association of Colleges of Teacher Nursing – Commission on Collegiate • Education. Nursing Education and the Idaho State CHAPTER 8: Education 327

338 North Idaho College President: Richard MacLennan Coeur d’Alene, ID 83814 (208) 769-3303 www.nic.edu Degrees: Associate’s degrees; associate of applied science degrees, certificates North Idaho College Photo courtesy of North Idaho College Founded in 1933, North Idaho region with outreach centers in Bonners College is a comprehensive community Ferry, Kellogg, and Sandpoint, and has an extensive array of Internet and interactive college located on the beautiful shores of video conferencing courses. NIC also Lake Coeur d’Alene. NIC offers degrees and certificates in a wide spectrum of plays a key role in the region’s economic academic transfer, career-technical, and development by preparing competent, general education programs. trained employees for area businesses, The college serves a five-county industries, and governmental agencies. Boise Bible College Photo courtesy of Boise Bible College IDAHO BLUE BOOK 328

339 Independent Colleges and Universities Education Boise Bible College President: Terry Stine (208) 376-7731 Boise, ID 83714 www.boisebible.edu Degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Associate of Science Photo courtesy of Boise Bible College Boise Bible College Boise Bible College began in 1945 as the facilities have been finished including: a ministry of the Boise First Church of • New modern classrooms, Christ. The college is accredited by the A large meeting room for chapel, • Association for Biblical Higher Education special events, and banquets, (ABHE located in Orlando, Florida), is • A residence hall with many recognized by the Idaho State Department conveniences of Education and is a non-profit 501(c)3 A student center including a coffee bar • organization. The college has consistently and gathering areas BBC has consistently been a non- followed its primary mission and purpose: denominational college, predominately the intentional development of Christian associated with independent congregations leaders with a Biblical worldview who will identifying themselves with the Christian serve the local and global church. Most of Church and Churches of Christ. Boise Bible the student body comes from the Pacific College values Christian character, servant Northwest and the Intermountain West, leadership, and excellence in an academic but the college increasingly draws students atmosphere and a caring community. At from all over the U.S. and abroad. BBC is located on a 16-acre campus BBC, we focus on learning, loving and living. at the northwest edge of Boise, just south Our students are pushed academically of the Boise River and only minutes from and find direction in God’s Word. They numerous opportunities for recreation, are given many opportunities to practice amusement, shopping and employment. the leadership skills they are taught in the The BBC campus is not only in a great classroom. Our desire is that they go into location, it is continually being developed the world putting their faith into practice to accommodate a growing student body. as they serve as leaders in all types of In recent years several major additions to occupations. CHAPTER 8: Education 329

340 Brigham Young University–Idaho President: Dr. Henry J. Eyring Rexburg, ID 83460 (208) 496-1111 www.byui.edu Degrees: Associate of Arts, Associate of Science, Associate of Applied Science, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Fine Arts, Bachelor of Science Photo courtesy of BYU – Idaho Brigham Young University – Idaho of general education. Specialized bachelor’s Brigham Young University-Idaho is degrees focus on a specific discipline, a private, four-year university affiliated while integrated bachelor’s degrees allow with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- students to incorporate other related fields day Saints. Guided by that affiliation, of study into their chosen major. BYU-Idaho seeks to create a wholesome learning environment in which students BYU-Idaho operates year round on a can strengthen their commitment to their three-track, three-semester system: winter, faith and receive a quality education that spring, and fall. Facilities are better utilized prepares them for leadership in the home, and many more students are served by their the community, and the workplace. admission to a track composed of two of the three semesters. In 2016 BYU-Idaho served BYU-Idaho is uniquely student more than 32,000 students on its Rexburg focused by design, meaning everything campus and another 33,000 online. the university does is for the benefit of its students. With a belief in every student, BYU-Idaho’s academic offerings the university helps students realize their are spread across seven colleges: potential. Through quality academics and Agriculture and Life Sciences, Business real-world experience, BYU-Idaho offers a and Communication, Education and Human high-value education at a low cost. Development, Language and Letters, Performing and Visual Arts, Physical BYU-Idaho is a two-tiered institution, Sciences and Engineering, and Foundations providing students with a choice of 21 and Interdisciplinary Studies. Faculty associate degrees and 88 bachelor’s members in these various departments degrees. Associate degrees offer students are focused primarily on the teaching and specialization in a major field of study development of students. Instructors also along with a carefully selected curriculum IDAHO BLUE BOOK 330

341 engage in a variety of scholarly and research emphasizes being honest, living a chaste Education life, abstaining from alcohol and tobacco, activities to support their teaching. using clean language, and following other BYU-Idaho extends its educational values encompassed in the doctrines of offerings beyond the traditional classroom the Church. The code includes additional by providing nearly 300 courses online, with guidelines on dress and grooming. new classes continually under development. The university offers seven associate BYU-Idaho students come to its Rexburg degrees and 11 bachelor’s degrees entirely campus from all 50 states and nearly 100 online. Online courses and degrees provide countries. Married students comprise the same academic rigor of the classroom, approximately 25 percent of the campus but with greater flexibility in scheduling that student body. More than 50 percent of the allows students to complete their degrees campus students have served as Latter- more quickly and graduate sooner. day Saint missionaries, bringing a unique level of maturity, cultural diversity, and Internships are a required component leadership ability to the campus. for most majors at BYU-Idaho because of the unparalleled leadership and experiential BYU-Idaho is the oldest continuously- learning opportunities they provide. The operating institution of higher education university-wide internship program is one in Idaho. The university was founded in of the largest providers of interns in the 1888 as Bannock Stake Academy with nation, sending out some 3,500 students 59 students. In 1902 it was named Ricks annually. Internships are integrated into Academy in honor of Thomas E. Ricks, degree programs, with interns receiving a Church leader who founded Rexburg academic credit for their work. Because and headed the academy’s first Board of of the three-track system, interns from Education. In 1923 it became known as BYU-Idaho find semester-long placements Ricks College, which grew to become the year round. largest privately-owned junior college in the United States. Students complement their academic experience with leadership and mentoring In June 2000 leaders of The Church of opportunities available through the Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced university’s Student Activities Program. Ricks College would transition from a This student-run program offers an array two-year college to a four-year university. of year-round activities in six core areas: Academic programs were evaluated and outdoor, service, talent, fitness, sports, and restructured, and the school officially social. Thousands of students are involved became Brigham Young University-Idaho in the Activities Program each semester. in August 2001. The university is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges All BYU-Idaho students agree to live and Universities. by an honor code that reflects Latter-day Saint beliefs and teachings. This honor code Photo courtesy of BYU – Idaho Brigham Young University – Idaho CHAPTER 8: Education 331

342 The College of Idaho President: Dr. Charlotte Borst (208) 459-5011 www.collegeofidaho.edu Caldwell, ID 83605 Degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Master of Education Photo courtesy of The College of Idaho The College of Idaho The College of Idaho, a nationally- and close student-faculty interaction are ranked private liberal arts college, offers the cornerstones of learning at the C of academic excellence and a close-knit, I. Our professors are dedicated to their 1,000-student campus in Caldwell. The students’ success—one of the many reasons College offers 26 majors, 58 minors and 16 four faculty members have been honored cooperative and pre-professional programs as Carnegie Foundation Idaho Professors through its distinctive PEAK Curriculum, of the Year. Thanks to its commitment which empowers students to earn a major to affordable academic excellence, the C and three minors in four years. Through of I ranks No. 1 in Idaho for graduation PEAK (Professional, Ethical, Articulate rate, freshman retention rate, alumni and Knowledgeable), students gain giving percentage and academic quality of competencies across the four knowledge incoming students, according to U.S. News peaks—fine arts and humanities, natural & World Report. Located on a beautiful, residential sciences, social sciences, and a professional campus, the C of I offers a wide range of field—providing breadth and depth of activities to students and the community, knowledge as well as the versatility to including 19 varsity athletics teams, succeed in a constantly changing world. Founded in 1891, The College of Idaho vibrant programs in music, theatre and has a 125-year-old legacy of educating art, opportunities for student leadership Idaho’s most accomplished graduates. Our and research, and more than 50 student alumni include seven Rhodes Scholars, clubs and organizations. Since 2011, C three Marshall Scholars, 11 Truman and of I student athletes have captured 28 Goldwater Scholars, three state governors, national championships. The College also four NFL players, Pulitzer Prize and has a vibrant and diverse student body, Academy Award winners, and countless with nearly 100 international students leaders and innovators in business, representing more than 40 countries and medicine, law, education, public service one-third of the enrollment identifying as and other fields. first-generation college students. Small class sizes, outstanding professors IDAHO BLUE BOOK 332

343 Northwest Nazarene University Education President: Dr. Joel K. Pearsall (208)467-8000 www.nnu.edu Nampa, ID 83686-5897 Degrees: Associate of Arts, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Education Specialist, Master’s programs in business, counseling, education, nursing, religion and social work, and Doctoral programs in education Northwest Nazarene University Photo courtesy of Northwest Nazarene University Founded in 1913, the University Northwest Nazarene University now serves over 2,000 undergraduate and affords educational access to all students serious about intellectual inquiry, offering a graduate students and more than 6,000 continuing education students and 2,300 wide range of undergraduate and graduate degree programs through a breadth of high school students through the concurrent credit program. NNU is a Christian liberal delivery methods. NNU offers a number of strong academic programs, including arts university, offering over 60 areas of engineering, business, education, nursing study and 18 master’s degrees in seven different disciplines and two doctoral and graphic design. In fact, all programs at degrees. In addition to its 90-acre campus NNU embody the legacy of academic rigor located in Nampa, Idaho, the University and accomplishment that has made the also offers programs online as well as in University synonymous with high-caliber Boise, Idaho Falls, and in cooperation with learning. What?s more NNU students have programs in 35 countries. The University direct access to talented faculty members across all disciplines. employs 107 full-time faculty to maintain Through close academic relationships a low student-to-faculty ratio of 15:1. Along with its educational offerings, with faculty; experiential, service and NNU offers seminars, concerts and lectures leadership opportunities; and a supportive to the community, often free of charge. faith community, Northwest Nazarene University delivers a transformative NNU’s Brandt Center is a beautiful, 1500- education. The NNU community fosters seat auditorium that regularly hosts the close relationships between students, Boise Philharmonic and other concerts and faculty and staff. Because NNU views every events. student as a child of God, people are valued, and individual talents and personalities are respected. CHAPTER 8: Education 333

344 Community College Enrollment, Tuition, and Fees Fall Full-Time Enrollment Academic and 2013 2014 2015 Avg Chg 2012 Career-Technical 4,775 4,127 College of Southern Idaho 3,702 -8.1% 3,917 College of Western Idaho 5,847 5,635 5,735 4,908 -5.7% North Idaho College 4,618 4,093 3,779 5,510 -8.7% 15,240 13,855 13,431 12,120 -7.4% Total Fall Headcount (full & part time) Academic and Avg Chg 2012 2013 2014 2015 Career-Technical College of Southern Idaho 9,086 8,266 8,357 7,570 -5.9% College of Western Idaho 9,107 9,204 10,217 8,435 -2.5% North Idaho College 6,565 5,770 5,543 -5.5% 6,029 Total -4.5% 23,466 24,344 21,548 24,758 Annual Student Tuition & 2014 2015 2016 Avg Chg 2013 Fees* College of Southern Idaho In-district $2,640 $,2760 $2,880 $3,120 5.7% College of Western Idaho In-district $3,264 $3,264 $3,264 $3,336 0.7% North Idaho College In-district $2,974 $3,022 $3,214 $3,288 3.4% * Full-time enrollment is calculated at 12 credits per semester for all three institutions. Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends Photo Courtesy of Laura Weston Glenns Ferry School IDAHO BLUE BOOK 334

345 Media Directories Nampa Depot Photo courtesy of Jeff Harvey

346 Northern and North–Central Idaho Daily Newspapers Moscow-Pullman Daily News Bonner County Daily Bee PO Box 8187 PO Box 159 409 S. Jackson St. 310 Church Street Moscow, ID 83843 Sandpoint, ID 83864 208-882-5561 208-263-9534 www.dnews.com www.bonnercountydailybee.com Shoshone News Press Coeur d’Alene Press 620 E. Mullan Ave. PO Box 7000 Osburn, ID 83849 201 N. 2nd St. 208-752-1120 Coeur d’Alene, ID 83814 www.shoshonenewspress.com 208-664-8176 www.cdapress.com Spokesman Review 999 W. Riverside Avenue Lewiston Tribune Spokane, WA 99210 595 Capital St. 509-459-5000 Lewiston, ID 83501 www.spokesman.com 208-743-9411 www.lmtribune.com Non-Daily Newspapers Idaho County Free Press Bonners Ferry Herald PO Box 690 PO Box 539 900 W. Main St. 7183 Main St. Grangeville, ID 83530 Bonners Ferry, ID 83864 208-983-1200 208-267-5521 www.idahocountyfreepress.com www.bonnersferryherald.com Priest River Times Clearwater Progress PO Box 10 PO Box 428 5809 Hwy. 2, Ste. C 417 Main Street Priest River, ID 83856 Kamiah, ID 83536 208-448-2431 208-935-0838 www.priestrivertimes.com www.clearwaterprogress.com Clearwater Tribune St. Maries Gazette Record PO Box 71 610 Main Ave. 161 Main St. St. Maries, ID 83861 Orofino, ID 83544 208-245-4538 208-476-4571 www.gazetterecord.com www.clearwatertribune.com Spokane Journal of Business Cottonwood Chronicle 429 East 3rd Ave. PO Box 157 Spokane, WA 99202 503 King St. 509-344-1263 Cottonwood, ID 83522 www.spokanejournal.com 208-962-3851 www.cottonwoodchronicle.com Lewis County Herald PO Box 159 501 Oak St. Nezperce, ID 83543 208-937-2671 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 336

347 Television Stations KLEW TV - Channel 3 (CBS) KCDT TV - Channel 26 (PBS) 2626 17th St. KUID TV - Channel 12 (PBS) Lewiston, ID 83501 875 Perimeter Dr., MS3101 208-746-2648 Moscow, ID 83844 www.klewtv.com 208-885-1226 Media KREM TV - Channel 2 (CBS) www.idahoptv.org 4103 S. Regal St. Spokane, WA 99223 KHQ TV - Channel 6 (NBC) 509-448-2000 1201 W. Sprague Ave. www.krem.com Spokane, WA 99201 KXLY TV - Channel 4 (ABC) 509-448-4656 504 E. Sherman Ave. www.khq.com Coeur d’Alene, ID 83814 208-664-9271 www.kxly.com Radio Stations KBFI AM 1450 KSPT AM 1400 327 Marion Ave. Sandpoint ID, 83864 KIBR FM 102.5 208-263-2179 www.953kpnd.com KPND FM 95.3 KTPO FM 106.7 KICR FM 102.3 KGA AM 1510 www.1510kga.com 1601 E. 57th Ave. KDRK FM 93.7 www.937thecat.com Spokane,WA 99223 www.now1057fm.com KZBD FM 105.7 509-448-1000 www.key101fm.com KEYF AM 1050 & FM 101.1 KBBD FM 103.9 www.1039bobfm.com www.790kjrb.com KJRB AM 790 KZZU FM 92.9 www.kzzu.com 500 W Boone KXLY AM 920 www.kxly920.com Spokane WA 99201 thebig999coyotecountry.com KXLY FM 99.9 509-324-4000 www.rock945.com KHTQ FM 94.5 KVNI AM 1080 www.kvni.com 504 Sherman Ave. Coeur d’Alene, ID 83814 KEZE 96.9 www.hot969.com 700espn.com 509-324-4000 KXLX 700 KKZX FM 98.9 www.kkzx.com KQNT AM 590 www.newstalk590.com 808 E. Sprague Ave. KPTQ AM 1280 www.1280foxsports.com Spokane, WA 99202 www.kix961.com KIXZ FM 96.1 509-242-2400 KISC FM 98.1 www.literockkiss.com www.1031kcda.com KCDA FM 103.1 2319 N. Monroe St. KPBX FM 91.1 www.kpbx.org Spokane, WA 99205 800-328-5729 KSFC FM 91.9 509-328-5729 CHAPTER 9: Media Directories 337

348 201 N. Eighth St. KOFE AM 1240 St. Maries, ID 83861 208-245-1240 120 First St. KWAL AM 620 Osburn, ID 83849 208-752-1141 KATW FM 101.5 www.catfm.com 403 Capital St. KVAB FM 102.9 Lewiston, ID 83501 KCLK AM 1430 208-743-6564 KCLK FM 94.1 www.kool94fm.com PO Box 32 KLER AM 1300 981 Upper Fords Creek Rd. KLER FM 95.1 Orofino, ID 83544 208-476-5702 PO Box 510 KORT AM 930 612 N. Pine KORT FM 92.7 Grangeville, ID 83530 208-983-1230 KOZE AM 950 & FM 96.5 www.koze950.com PO Box 936 www.zrock965.com Lewiston, ID 83501 KOZE FM 96.5 208-743-2502 805 Stewart Ave. KRLC AM 1350 KMOK FM 106.9 Lewiston, ID 83501 KVTY FM 105.1 208-743-1551 KRPL AM 1400 KZFN FM 106.1 PO Box 8849 KZZL FM 99.5 1114 N. Almon KMAX AM 840 Moscow, ID 83843 KRAO FM 102.5 208-882-2551 KCLX AM 1450 KUOI FM 89.3 Campus Box 444272 Moscow ID 83844 208-885-2218 White Bird Battlefield Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society IDAHO BLUE BOOK 338

349 Southwestern Idaho Daily Newspapers Idaho Statesman The Argus Observer PO Box 40 1160 SW 4th Street 1200 N. Curtis Road Ontario, OR 97914 Boise, ID 83706 541-889-5387 Media 208-377-6200 www.argusobserver.com www.idahostatesman.com Idaho Press Tribune Spokesman Review PO Box 9399 2601 Hillway Drive Nampa, ID 83652 Boise, ID 83702 208-467-9251; 208-465-8124 208 336-2854 www.idahopress.com www.spokesman.com Non-Daily Newspapers Kuna-Melba News The Adams County Record PO Box 373 PO Box R 326 Ave. D 100 Illinois Ave. Kuna, ID 83634 Council, ID 83612 208-922-3008 208-253-6961 www.kunamelba.com www.theadamscountyrecord.com Messenger Index Boise Weekly PO Box 577 523 Broad St. 120 N. Washington Ave. Boise, ID 83702 Emmett, ID 83617 208-344-2055 208-365-6066 www.boiseweekly.com www.messenger-index.com Idaho Business Review Middleton Gazette 855 W. Broad St., Ste. 103 PO Box 1099 Boise, ID 83702 501 N. Dewey Ave. 208 336-3768 Middleton, ID 83644 www.idahobusinessreview.com 208-585-3472 Idaho Catholic Register Mountain Home News 1501 Federal Way, Ste. 400 PO Box 1330 Boise, ID 83705 195 S. 3rd East St. 208-342-1311 Mountain Home, ID 83647 www.catholicidaho.org 208-587-3331 www.mountainhomenews.com Independent Enterprise Owyhee Avalanche 124 S. Main St. PO Box 97 Payette, ID 83661 19 E. Idaho Ave. 208-642-3357 Homedale, ID 83628 www.ind-ent.com 208-337-4681 www.owyheeavalanche.com Independent News PO Box 2541 Star News Eagle, ID 83616 1000 First St. 208-550-3111 McCall, ID 83638 www.theindnews.com 208-634-2123 www.mccallstarnews.com CHAPTER 9: Media Directories 339

350 Weiser Signal American Upper County News-Reporter PO Box 709 PO Box 9 18 E. Idaho 155 N. Superior St. Weiser ID 83672 Cambridge, ID 83610 208-549-1717 208-257-3515 Valley Times PO Box 1790 Eagle, ID 83616 208-381-0160 www.valleytimesidaho.com Television Stations KTRV TV Channel 12 KAID TV Channel 4 (PBS) PO Box 1212 1455 N. Orchard St. 1 Sixth St. Boise, ID 83706 Nampa, ID 83687 208-373-7220 or 800-543-6868 208-466-1200 www.idahoptv.org www.12ktrv.com KBOI TV Channel 2 (CBS) KTVB TV Channel 7 (NBC) 140 N. 16th St. PO Box 7 Boise, ID 83702 5407 W. Fairview Ave. 208-472-2207 Boise, ID 83707 www.kboi2.com/ 208-375-7277 KIVI TV Channel 6 (ABC) www.ktvb.com KNIN TV Channel 9 (FOX) 1866 E. Chisholm Drive Nampa, ID 83687 208-336-0500 www.kivitv.com/ Radio Stations 3303 E. Chicago St. KBGN AM 1060 Caldwell, ID 83605 www.kbgnradio.com 208 459-3635 KBOI AM 670 670kboi.com PO Box 1280 98kqfc.com KQFC FM 97.9 kizn.com 1419 W. Bannock St. KIZN FM 92.3 96-9theeagle.com Boise, ID 83702 KKGL FM 96.9 208-336-3670 KZMG FM 93.1 www.kzmg.com KTIK AM 1350 & FM 93.1 www.ktik.com PO Box 714 5601 W. Cassia St. KGEM AM 1140 www.saltandlightradio.com KCID AM 1490 Boise, ID 83701 208-334-4774 KJOT FM 105.1 www.varietyrocks.com 5257 Fairview Ave. Suite 260 KRVB FM 94.9 www.riverinteractive.com KTHI FM 107.1 www.khits.com Boise, ID 83706 208-344-3511 KQXR FM 100.3 www.xrock.com IDAHO BLUE BOOK 340

351 www.kidoam.com KIDO AM 580 www.wow1043.com KAWO FM 104.3 827 E. Park Blvd., Ste. 100 www.1033kissfm.com Boise, ID 83712 KSAS FM 103.3 www.mix106radio.com 208-344-6363 KCIX FM 105.9 KFXD AM 630 630thefan.com KXLT FM 107.9 www.liteonline.com Media KMHI AM 1240 5660 Franklin Rd., Ste. 200 www.hank1240.com KSRV FM 96.1 www.961bobfm.com Nampa, ID 83687 KIFN AM 730 www.espnboise.com 208-465-9966 KPDA 100.7 boisebull.com KWYD 101.1 www.wild101fm.com 16116 S. Montana Ave. KTSY FM 89.5 www.895ktsy.org Caldwell, ID 83607 208-459-5879 KWEI AM 1450 kweiradio.com 1156 N. Orchard St. www.ktrpradio.com Boise, ID 83706 KTRP AM 1260 KKOO FM 99.5 www.kkooradio.com 208-367-1859 KBSU AM 730 & FM 90.3 boisestatepublicradio.org 1910 University Dr. KBSX FM 91.5 Boise, ID 83725 boisestatepublicradio.org 208-426-3663 KBXL FM 94.1 www.941thevoice.com 1440 S. Weideman Ave. KDZY FM 98.3 www.myfamilyradio.com Boise, ID 83709 KSPD AM 790 www.790kspd.com 208-377-3790 Payette City Hall Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society CHAPTER 9: Media Directories 341

352 South-Central & Southeastern Idaho Daily Newspapers (Twin Falls) Times-News Idaho State Journal PO Box 548 PO Box 431 132 Fairfield St. West 305 S. Arthur Ave. Twin Falls, ID 83301 Pocatello, ID 83204 208-733-0931 208-232-4161 www.magicvalley.com www.journalnet.com (Blackfoot) Morning News PO Box 70 34 N. Ash St. Blackfoot, ID 83221 208-785-1100 www.am-news.com Non-Daily Newspapers News Examiner Aberdeen Times PO Box 278 PO Box 856 847 Washington St. 31 S. Main St. Montpelier, ID 83254 Aberdeen, ID 83210 208-847-0552 208-397-4440 www.news-examiner.net www.press-times.com Power County Press Buhl Herald PO Box 547 PO Box 312 174 Idaho St. 126 Broadway Ave. S. American Falls, ID 83211 Buhl, ID 83316 208-226-5294 208-543-4335 www.press-times.com Caribou County Sun Preston Citizen PO Box 815 PO Box 472 169 S. First W. 77 S. State St. Soda Springs, ID 83276 Preston, ID 83263 208-547-3260 208-852-0155 www.prestoncitizen.com Idaho Enterprise PO Box 205 100 E. 90 S. Shelley Pioneer Malad, ID 83252 PO Box P 208-766-4773 154 E. Center St. www.idahoenterprise.com Shelley, ID 83274 208-357-7661 Idaho Mountain Express www.theshelleypioneer.com PO Box 1013 591 First Ave. N. Sho-Ban News Ketchum, ID 83340 PO Box 900 208-726-8060 Fort Hall, ID 83203 www.mtexpress.com 208-478-3888 www.shobannews.com IDAHO BLUE BOOK 342

353 Television Stations KPVI TV Channel 6 (NBC) KIDK TV Channel 3 (CBS) 902 E. Sherman St. 1246 Yellowstone, Suite A-1 Pocatello, ID 83201 Pocatello, ID 83201 208-235-3152 208-525-8888 www.kpvi.com www.kidk.com Media KSAW TV Channel 51 (ABC) KIFI TV Channel 8 (ABC) 1866 E. Chisholm Dr. 1246 Yellowstone, Ste. A-1 Nampa, ID 83687 Pocatello, ID 83201 208-381-6660 208-233-8888 www.kivitv.com/twin-falls www.localnews8.com KTFT/KTVB TV Channel 7 (NBC) KISU TV Channel 10 (PBS) 5407 W. Fairview Ave. 921 S. 8th Ave., Stop 8111 Boise, ID 83707 Pocatello, ID 83209 208-375-7277 208-282-2857 www.ktvb.com www.idahoptv.org Pocatello Vision TV Channel 12 KMVT TV Channel 11 (CBS) 911 N. 7th Ave. 1100 Blue Lakes Blvd. N. Pocatello, ID 83205 Twin Falls, ID 83301 208-234-6280 208-733-6407 www.pocatello.us/vs/index.htm www.kmvt.com Radio Stations KBAR AM 1230 KZDX FM 99.9 hot100now.com KFTA AM 790 www.juan970.com 4700 N. 100 W. KKMV 106.1 www.kat106.com Jerome, ID 83338 KART AM 1400 208-436-4757 KXTA FM 99.1 KZNO FM 102.9 www.inthezone.fm PO Box 271 KAWZ FM 89.9 4002 N. 3300 E. Twin Falls, ID 83303 208-734-4357 KECH FM 95.3 PO Box 2750 kech95.com KSKI FM 94.5 Hailey, ID 83333 KYZK FM 107.5 208-788-7118 KEZJ FM 95.7 www.kezj.com KLIX AM 1310 www.newsradio1310.com 415 Park Ave. KLIX FM 96.5 www.kool965.com Twin Falls, ID 83301 KSNQ FM 98.3 www.983thesnake.com 208-733-7512 PO Box 271 4002 N. 3300 E. KAWZ FM 89.9 Twin Falls, ID 83303 208-734-4357 CHAPTER 9: Media Directories 343

354 KIKX FM 104.7 www.kikx1047.com www.ktpz927.com KTPZ FM 94.3 21361 US Hwy. 30 KIRQ FM 102.1 www.irock1021.com Twin Falls, ID 83301 www.106thecanyon.com KYUN FM 106.7 208-735-8300 KXQZ AM 1270 1133 E. Glendale Road KACH AM 1340 www.kachradio.com Preston, ID 83263 208-852-1340 KLCE FM 97.3 www.klce.com KFTZ FM 103.3 www.z103.fm 400 W. Sunnyside Road KCVI FM 101.5 www.kbear.fm Idaho Falls, ID 83402 KHTK FM 105.5 www1055thehawk.com 208-523-3722 KBLI AM 690 www.eastidahonews.com KBLY AM 1260 www.eastidahonews.com korr104.com KORR FM 104.4 436 N. Main St. KOUU AM 1290 & FM 102.9 countryclassicsidaho.com Pocatello, ID 83204 www.kzbq.com KZBQ FM 93.7 208-234-1290 KLLP FM 98.5 star98radio.com 949therock.com KPKY FM 94.9 & FM 104.5 259 E. Center KWIK AM 1240 KID AM 590 590kid.com Pocatello, ID 83201 KID FM 96.1 & 102.1 www.rivercountryfm.com 208-233-1133 KEGE FM 92.1 590kid.com KBJX FM 106.3 www.ezrockradio.com PO Box 340 KVSI AM 1450 www.kvsi.com Montpelier ID 83254 208-847-1450 KMGI FM 102.5 www102kmgi.com 544 N. Arthur KSEI AM 930 Pocatello, ID 83204 208-233-2121 St. Gertrude’s Convent and Chapel Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society IDAHO BLUE BOOK 344

355 Central & Eastern Idaho Daily Newspapers Post Register PO Box 1800 333 Northgate Mile Idaho Falls, ID 83401 Media 208-529-9683 www.postregister.com Non-Daily Newspapers www.jeffersonstarnews.com Arco Advertiser Recorder Herald PO Box 803 PO Box 310 146 S. Front St. 519 Van Dreff St. Arco, ID 83213 Salmon, ID 83467 208-527-3038 208-756-2221 Challis Messenger Rexburg Standard-Journal PO Box 405 PO Box 10 310 E. Main Ave. Rexburg, ID 83440 Challis, ID 83226 208-356-5441 208-879-4445 www.uvsj.com www.challismessenger.com Teton Valley News Jefferson Star 75 N. Main St. PO Box 37 Driggs, ID 83422 134 N. Main St. 208-354-8101 Rigby, ID 83442 www.tetonvalleynews.net 208-745-8701 Television Stations www.localnews8.com KIDK TV Channel 3 (CBS) KPVI TV Channel 6 (NBC) 1915 Yellowstone Hwy. 902 E. Sherman St. Idaho Falls, ID 83401 Pocatello, ID 83201 208-525-8888 208-235-3152 www.kidk.com www.kpvi.com KIFI TV Channel 8 (ABC) 1915 Yellowstone Hwy. Idaho Falls, ID 83401 208-525-8888 Radio Stations www.klce.com KLCE FM 97.3 KFTZ FM 103.3 www.z103.com 400 W. Sunnyside Rd. KCVI FM 101.5 www.kbear.com Idaho Falls, ID 83402 KHTK FM 105.5 www1055thehawk.com 208-523-3722 KBLI 690 AM www.eastidahonews.com KBLY 1260 AM www.eastidahonews.com CHAPTER 9: Media Directories 345

356 UC Building 102 KBYI FM 94.3 & FM 91.5 www.kbyi.org Rexburg, ID 83460 208-496-2050 315 Riverfront Dr. KSRA AM 960 (Salmon) KSRA FM 92.7 (Salmon) www.ksrafm.com Salmon, ID 83467 KSRA FM 94.3 (Challis) 208-756-2218 KUPI AM 99.1 www.99kupi.com www.99kupi.com 854 Lindsay Blvd. KQPI FM 99.5 www.arrow107.com Idaho Falls, ID 83402 KQEO FM 107.1 www.100myfm.com 208-522-1101 KSNA FM 100.7 www.980thezone.com KSPZ AM 980 GENX FM 92.5 www.x925.com College & University Newspapers The Pathfinder Arbiter Lewis-Clark State College Boise State University 500 8th Avenue 1910 University Drive Lewiston ID 83501 Boise ID 83702 208-799-2470 208-426-6300 www.lcsc.edu/pathfinder/ www.arbiteronline.com North Idaho College Sentinel Argonaut 1000 W. Garden Ave. University of Idaho Coeur d’Alene, ID 83814 PO Box 444271 208 769-3228 301 Student Union Bldg. www.nicsentinel.com Moscow ID 83844 208-885-7715 Scroll www.uiargonaut.com BYU-Idaho 525 S. Center St. ISU Bengal Rexburg ID 83460 Idaho State University 208-496-3733 921 S 8th Ave, Stop 8009 www.byuiscroll.org Pocatello ID 83209 208-282-5825 www.isubengal.com The Coyote The College of Idaho PO Box 52 2112 E Cleveland Boulevard Caldwell ID 83605 208-459-5509 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 346

357 Periodicals Pontoon & Deck Boat Capital Press Agriculture Weekly 360 B Street 800-882-6789 Idaho Falls, ID 83402 www.capitalpress.com/idaho 208-524-7000 www.pdbmagazine.com Houseboat Magazine Media 360 B Street Potato Grower Magazine Idaho Falls, ID 83402 360 B Street 208-524-7000 Idaho Falls, ID 83402 www.houseboatmagazine.com 208-524-7000 www.potatogrower.com Idaho Falls Magazine 360 B Street SnoWest Magazine Idaho Falls, ID 83402 360 B Street 208-524-7000 Idaho Falls, ID 83402 www.idahofallsmagazine.com 208-524-7000 www.snowest.com Idaho Magazine PO Box 586 Spokane Journal of Business Boise, ID 83701-0586 429 East 3rd Ave. 208-336-0653 Spokane, WA 99202 www.idahomagazine.com www.spokanejournal.com Idaho Senior News, Inc. Sugar Producer Magazine PO Box 937 360 B Street Eagle, ID 83616 Idaho Falls, ID 83402 208-336-6707 208-524-7000 www.idahoseniornews.com www.sugarproducer.com Just Horses Sun Valley Magazine PO Box 937 111 1st Avenue North #1M Eagle, ID 83616 Meriwether Building 208-336-6707 Hailey, ID 83333 www.justhorses.net 208-788-0770 www.sunvalleymag.com North Idaho Business Journal PO Box 7000 201 N. 2nd Street Coeur d’Alene, ID 83814 208-664-0227 www.nibusinessjournal.com CHAPTER 9: Media Directories 347

358 Media Associations Idaho Press Club Boise Advertising Federation PO Box 2221 PO Box 2691 Boise ID 83701 Boise ID 83701 www.idahopressclub.org 336-7511 www.boiseadfed.org Idaho State Broadcasters Association 270 N. 27th Street, Suite B Buy Idaho Boise ID 83702-4741 404 South 8TH B128 345-3072 Boise ID 838702 www.idahobroadcasters.org 343-2582 or 800-743-9549 www.buyidaho.org Wire Service Capitol City Communicators Associated Press PO Box 8186 101 S. Capitol Blvd., Ste. 304 Boise ID 83707 Boise, ID 83702 336-5478 208-343-1894 www.cccboise.org www.ap.org Source: Idaho Media 2016 Directory , Idaho Housing and Finance Association Jerome Cooperative Creamery Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society IDAHO BLUE BOOK 348

359 Economy Agriculture near Hazelton Photo Courtesy of Idaho Tourism

360 Labor and Wages Labor Force 2012 2013 2014 2015 2011 765,178 769,617 772,513 781,390 797,475 Civilian Labor Force 63,712 55,636 47,558 Unemployment 33,012 37,816 % Unemployed 8.3 7.2 6.2 4.8 4.1 Employment 701,466 713,981 724,955 743,574 764,463 Source: Work Force Trends , Idaho Department of Labor Average Annual Employment & Wages Per Job 2015 2014 2005 Avg Avg Avg Avg Avg Avg Wage Empl Empl Empl Wage Wage Agriculture 21,183 $24,219 23,458 $31,730 24,352 $32,780 2,332 $70,276 $75,641 Mining $45,650 2,166 2,424 $39,921 Construction 45,157 $32,068 33,848 $39,255 36,286 Manufacturing 59,823 $55,397 61,513 $58,432 $42,616 63,638 Trade, Utilities, & 121,174 $25,591 129,149 $35,497 133,323 $36,884 Transportation $47,015 Information 10,328 $36,547 9,202 $46,362 9,184 27,742 $38,082 27,986 $48,462 28,841 Financial Activities $50,204 Professional & 77,920 $43,218 $36,024 79,524 $45,341 77,684 Business Services Educational & 64,803 $39,354 $38,244 88,805 $30,434 91,824 Health Services Leisure & 66,020 57,327 $11,814 65,636 $14,671 $15,259 Hospitality $27,504 Other Services $21,455 15,890 $26,627 16,585 14,897 Government 113,538 $39,470 $38,076 112,447 108,484 $31,857 , Idaho Department of Labor Source: Work Force Trends Idaho Rankings in Employment & Labor NW US Value Ranking Ranking* Average Annual Pay (2014) $37,982 49 7 Unemployment Rate (2015) 2 39 3.9% 7 55.9% 34 Labor Force: % Women (2014) Job Growth (2014–2015) 4.4% 1 1 % Emp: Construction (2015) 6.0% 6 3 2 % Emp: Manufacturing (2015) 9.4% 22 0.5% 18 5 % Emp: Mining/Logging (2015) 14.3% % Emp: Ed and Health Svcs (2015) 32 4 *Idaho’s rank relative to the state’s six neighbors: Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. Values are Ranked from High to Low (Highest = 1) Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends IDAHO BLUE BOOK 350

361 Annual Average Labor Force (2016) County Name Unemployed % Unemployed Labor Force Employed 217,596 3.3% 225,083 Ada 7,487 1,620 124 7.1% Adams 1,744 42,300 1,483 3.5% Bannock 40,817 Bear Lake 2,827 2,697 130 4.6% 4,036 3,785 251 6.2% Benewah 22,748 816 3.6% 21,932 Bingham Blaine 11,797 11,419 378 3.2% 3,139 2,966 173 5.5% Boise 18,820 1,029 5.5% Bonner 17,791 Economy 50,500 1,675 3.2% Bonneville 52,175 5,080 4,810 270 5.3% Boundary 1,306 Butte 4.1% 1,252 54 632 3.8% 657 Camas 25 89,654 4,107 4.4% Canyon 93,761 3,753 138 3.7% Caribou 3,615 Cassia 11,601 11,249 352 3.0% 399 385 14 3.5% Clark 3,063 229 7.5% 2,834 Clearwater Custer 2,139 2,027 112 5.2% 10,878 10,416 462 4.2% Elmore 6,569 6,365 204 3.1% Franklin 7,392 7,142 Fremont 250 3.4% Gem 7,741 365 4.7% 7,376 8,003 7,751 3.1% Gooding 252 6,057 5.7% Idaho 368 6,425 3.1% 399 12,718 Jefferson 12,319 Jerome 11,581 11,220 361 3.1% 73,499 69,998 3,501 4.8% Kootenai Latah 19,801 650 3.3% 19,151 3,396 214 6.3% Lemhi 3,182 1,615 1,510 105 6.5% Lewis Lincoln 2,535 119 4.5% 2,654 Madison 20,449 19,944 505 2.5% Minidoka 10,821 10,468 353 3.3% Nez Perce 20,884 700 3.4% 20,184 2,169 81 3.7% Oneida 2,088 5,395 5,151 244 4.5% Owyhee Payette 10,707 532 4.7% 11,239 Power 3,905 3,741 164 4.2% Shoshone 5,080 4,708 372 7.3% Teton 5,803 193 3.2% 5,996 Twin Falls 40,466 39,098 1,368 3.4% Valley 4,914 4,641 273 5.6% Washington 4,557 4,299 258 5.7% Local Area Unemployment Statistics, County Data Source: : US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics CHAPTER 10: Economy 351

362 Per Capita Income 2012 2013 2014 2015 2011 State of Idaho $33,677 $35,142 $36,146 $37,153 $38,392 United States $42,332 $44,200 $44,765 $46,414 $48,112 , Idaho Department of Labor Source: Work Force Trends County Per Capita Income (2012) Ada $46,053 Gem $32,963 $36,800 Adams $55,281 Gooding $33,344 $30,711 Idaho Bannock $30,407 Bear Lake $35,867 Jefferson $32,134 Benewah $37,418 Jerome $33,422 Kootenai $38,605 Bingham Blaine $87,496 Latah $36,425 $36,860 $36,828 Lemhi Boise $44,969 Bonner $34,634 Lewis $36,100 $39,814 Lincoln Bonneville Boundary $31,283 Madison $23,456 Butte $33,506 Minidoka $37,614 Camas $39,431 Nez Perce $39,358 $32,056 $28,258 Canyon Oneida $38,795 Owyhee $32,867 Caribou $42,823 Cassia Payette $35,045 $26,480 $36,019 Power Clark $35,229 Clearwater $33,885 Shoshone $31,023 Custer $43,399 Teton $35,079 Elmore $34,851 Twin Falls $32,057 Valley $45,902 Franklin $35,649 $34,828 Fremont Washington Regional Data Source: US Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Major Private Employers Business Industry Albertsons Retail Trade Battelle Energy Alliance Professional & Technical Services Brigham Young University Idaho Private Education Hewlett-Packard Company Technology & Manufacturing Idaho Power Co Public Utilities Manufacturing J. R. Simplot Company Kootenai Medical Center Health Services Micron Technology Technology & Manufacturing Saint Alphonsus Regional Medical Center Health Services St. Lukes Regional Medical Center Health Services Retail Trade Wal-Mart Banking Wells Fargo Bank , Idaho Department of Labor Work Force Trends Source: IDAHO BLUE BOOK 352

363 Major Industry Employment & Payroll (2015) Annual Payroll Number of ($1,000) Description Employees 3,431 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting $131,662 Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction 2,832 $229,864 3,606 $321,312 Utilities 34,903 $1,520,141 Construction Manufacturing 57,884 $3,067,737 30,283 $1,854,952 Wholesale Trade Retail Trade $2,206,022 82,400 Transportation and Warehousing 18,419 $698,096 Information $595,006 11,917 Economy 21,637 Finance and Insurance $1,193,854 Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 7,190 $244,775 33,003 $1,800,974 Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 8,368 $627,724 Management of Companies and Enterprises Administrative and Support and Waste Management 39,518 $1,090,882 and Remediation Educational Services 13,649 $299,620 Health Care and Social Assistance 89,070 $3,666,243 Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation 9,180 $161,139 Accommodation and Food Services $897,520 59,491 Other Services (except Public Administration) $510,144 19,631 $1,950 112 Industries not classified $21,119,617 Total 546,524 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns, censtat database Agriculture Ranking Value US NW* 4 Number of Farms (2015) 33 24,400 Avg Acres Per Farm (2015) 14 5 484 2 Farm Income: Crops (2014) $3,296,962,000 21 Farm Income: Livestock (2014) $5,471,055,000 13 1 5 30 Farm Income: Gov’t Pymts (2014) $82,968,000 Acres Planted (2015) 4,109,000 22 2 Acres Harvested (2015) 3,944,000 22 2 *Idaho’s rank relative to the state’s six neighbors: Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. Values are Ranked from High to Low (Highest = 1) Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends Cash Receipts Breakdown – Livestock & Crops $4,551,997 2015 Livestock Cash Receipts $2,911,720 2015 Crops Cash Receipts $7,463,717 2015 Total Cash Receipts Source: Idaho Agriculture Facts 2016 , Idaho State Department of Agriculture CHAPTER 10: Economy 353

364 2015 Top Idaho Commodities Product % of US Rank 1 Potatoes 32 Trout 1 47 Austrian Winter Peas 1 51 2 25 Barley Alfalfa Hay 2 7 2 19 Sugarbeets Wrinkled Seed Peas 40 2 Prunes & Plums (Fresh) 3 21 Hops 3 11 All Mint 3 19 3 Cheese 8 3 7 Milk Dry Edible Peas 4 4 Lentils 4 4 Milk Cows 4 6 Onions (Summer Storage) 11 5 Dry Edible Beans 5 7 Spring Wheat 5 5 Sweet Cherries 5 1 Canola 6 1 Sheep and Lambs 6 5 7 4 Winter Wheat 6 Wool 8 All Hay 10 4 All Cattle and Calves 13 3 Honey 2 14 Source: , Idaho State Department of Agriculture Idaho Agriculture Facts 2016 Idaho Food and Agriculture Products Exported (2015) Commodity $ (Millions) Dairy $344.9 Wheat $258.4 Processed Vegetables $252.1 Beef $157.2 $140.4 Feeds $131.9 Fresh Vegetables Livestock $61.7 Processed Grain Products $64.1 Hides and Skins $48.3 Corn $10.5 Poultry $8.7 Fresh Fruits $5.9 Processed Fruits $5.7 Pork $5.3 Vegetable Oils $0.9 Other $381.1 Total $1,877.2 , Idaho State Department of Agriculture Idaho Agriculture Facts 2016 Source: IDAHO BLUE BOOK 354

365 2015 Top Idaho Commodities Harvested Cash Receipts Commodity ($1000) Acres N/A $3,204,663 Milk (all) Cattle and Calves $1,731,000 N/A Potatoes 322,000 $912,800 Hay 1,330,000 $836,640 Wheat $478,800 1,155,000 Sugarbeets 172,000 N/A Barley 580,000 $306,763 Dry Edible Beans 119,000 $70,011 Corn (Grain) 70,000 $68,103 Economy 8,000 Onions $49,803 Peppermint 15,200 $34,154 4,900 Hops $30,799 Apples 2,300 $14,978 50,000 Dry Edible Peas $9,380 Lentils 32,000 $8,960 Peaches 900 $6,253 Honey N/A $5,468 Sweet Cherries $3,636 700 Spearmint 1,300 $3,629 Oats 15,000 $3,806 Prunes & Plums 400 $1,021 Source: Idaho Agriculture Facts 2016 , Idaho State Department of Agriculture Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Ernest Hemingway House CHAPTER 10: Economy 355

366 Where Idaho Agricultural Exports Go: 2015 Export Market Share Country % Market Share Mexico 24.31% Canada 19.95% China 7.87% 7.05% South Korea 4.8% Japan Indonesia 3.71% Netherlands 3.31% Spain 2.53% Thailand 2.2% Australia 1.77% 1.74% Chile Philippines 1.68% Taiwan 1.47% Peru 1.41% 16.2% Other Idaho Agriculture Facts 2016 Source: , Idaho State Department of Agriculture Transportation Ranking US NW* Value $171 Per Cap Fed Highway Fund (2011) 3 10 % Federally Funded Road & Street Miles (2011) 23.7 32 4 Pub Road & Street Mileage (2011) 4 48,082 35 Highway Fatalities Per 100 Million Vehicle 1.34 2 14 Miles (2011) Alcohol Related Fatalities as a % of all Highway 34 5 29 Fatalities (2011) Safety Belt Usage Rate (2012) 80% 40 6 1,692,457 5 Vehicle Registrations (2011) 38 7.5 5 2 % Fatalities Young Drivers *Idaho’s rank relative to the state’s six neighbors: Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. Values are Ranked from High to Low (Highest = 1) Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends Source: IDAHO BLUE BOOK 356

367 Revenue and Expenditures GLOSSARY OF TERMS Fiscal Year (FY): The accounting year used by the state, July 1 of a given year through June 30 of the following year. Appropriation: 1. Annual fixed budgets that state officers, departments and institutions may not exceed. 2. That portion of the total state budget allocated by the Legislature to a state agency or program for one fiscal year. Classification of funds: 1. General: The state’s primary source of revenue. In FY 2010 General Fund revenue came from taxes on tobacco and alcohol (1.8%), corporate income tax (4.3%), sales tax (42.2%), individual income tax (46.9%), and the remainder from a variety of other taxes Economy and certain licenses and fees not specifically appropriated to any other fund (4.8%). General tax revenues are used to finance the operations of state government that do not have their own dedicated source of revenue, such as education and prisons. 2. Dedicated/Other: Represents revenue received from a specified source or sources, and disbursed for a specific function or government as required by law. For example, the Department of Fish & Game receives no General Fund money. Instead, the revenue generated by the sale of fishing and hunting licenses and tags is dedicated exclusively to paying for the department’s fish and wildlife management and activities. 3. Federal: Identifies moneys from the federal government for specified state administered services. General Fund Revenues (Millions) By Revenue Source FY 2016 FY 2017 % Chg Individual Income Tax $1,513.2 $1,584.1 4.7% Corporate Income Tax $186.9 $202.2 8.2% $1,376.5 Sales Tax $1,303.0 5.6% All Other Sources $180.6 (0.5%) $179.7 $3,183.7 5.0% Revenues* $3,342.5 *Totals may not add due to rounding Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends General Fund Appropriations (Millions) By Functional Area FY 2017 % Chg FY 2016 Education $1,904.3 $2,051.7 7.7% Natural Resources $37.5 $45.1 20.3% Public Safety $326.0 4.2% $312.8 General Government $105.3 $111.8 6.2% Health & Human Services $685.3 $704.5 2.8% Economic Development $26.8 $34.0 26.9% Revenues* $3,071.9 $3,273.0 6.5% *Totals may not add due to rounding Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends CHAPTER 10: Economy 357

368 Appropriations by Fund Source (Millions) By Fund Source FY 2017 % Chg FY 2016 $3,071.9 6.5% General Fund $3,273.0 Dedicated Funds $1,438.3 $1,661.5 15.5% $2,480.9 $2,668.1 7.5% Federal Funds Revenues* $6,991.1 8.7% $7,602.6 *Totals may not add due to rounding Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends All Funds Appropriations (Millions) By Functional Area FY 2016 FY 2017 % Chg Education $2,569.4 $2,745.7 6.9% Economic Development $776.6 26.0% $978.3 $416.4 $442.9 Public Safety 6.4% Natural Resources $269.9 $303.8 12.6% Health and Human Services $2,649.6 $2,815.3 6.3% General Government $309.2 $316.6 2.4% Total Appropriations* $6,455.3 $6,687.9 5.6% *Totals may not add due to rounding Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends Lands Idaho Land Ownership Acres Description % of Total Federal Land 33,412,277 63.1% BLM 11,836,481 22.3% USFS 20,458,276 38.6% 1,117,520 2.1% Other 2,693,260 State Land 5.1% Endowments 2,458,405 4.6% Fish & Game 187,769 0.4% Parks & Recreation 0.1% 38,407 U of I Board of Regents 0.0% 8,679 Private Land 16,271,679 30.7% Tribal Land 464,077 0.9% County Land 0.2% 96,311 Municipal Land 22,972 0.0% Total 52,960,576 100.0% Idaho is the 14th largest state. Its 53 million acres include 500,000 acres of lakes, reservoirs and rivers. Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends IDAHO BLUE BOOK 358

369 Land Ownership by County (in acres) Local Gov, % County State & Tribal Private Total Federal 2,937,675 56,206 158,503 3,152,384 Custer 93% 2,648,258 91% 39,705 Lemhi 2,921,152 233,189 Valley 2,063,164 88% 69,733 221,151 2,354,048 Butte 1,229,906 86% 15,639 183,511 1,429,056 Idaho 4,523,385 85,983 821,160 5,430,528 83% Blaine 78% 65,429 312,501 1,692,736 1,314,806 Owyhee 3,727,155 76% 474,728 712,293 4,914,176 Lincoln 76% 22,998 164,100 771,584 584,486 Shoshone 1,255,653 74% 60,641 370,066 1,685,760 Economy Boise 900,540 74% 89,738 337,322 1,217,600 Elmore 1,327,041 120,397 522,354 1,969,792 67% 747,690 80,905 300,813 1,129,408 Clark 66% 445,876 65% 27,143 214,981 688,000 Camas Adams 565,066 39,769 268,573 873,408 65% Boundary 61% 108,775 208,038 812,032 495,219 Fremont 708,023 59% 116,413 370,316 1,194,752 Cassia 925,150 54,066 663,408 1,642,624 56% Clearwater 53% 244,332 489,337 1,575,424 841,755 Oneida 409,305 53% 13,048 345,903 768,256 Bonneville 52% 59,641 513,118 1,195,904 623,145 Twin Falls 640,399 52% 33,541 558,124 1,232,064 20,971 467,712 237,503 51% 209,238 Gooding Jefferson 47% 29,471 343,168 700,864 328,226 287,994 46% 314,515 621,696 Bear Lake 19,187 44% 440,780 1,112,064 492,593 178,691 Banner 40% 132,004 550,521 Caribou 447,779 1,130,304 135,009 37% 22,230 202,825 360,064 Gem 345,204 37% 75,077 511,815 932,096 Washington Minidoka 174,649 11,118 300,441 486,208 36% 300,239 106,549 492,860 899,648 Power 33% 95,131 33% 1,850 191,275 288,256 Teton Franklin 139,255 13,299 273,366 425,920 33% Kootenai 32% 60,624 482,028 796,928 254,276 Bannock 221,402 31% 108,668 382,378 712,448 Bingham 392,484 280,457 667,731 1,340,672 29% 196,633 55,030 423,537 675,200 Ada 29% 66,136 25% 10,804 183,860 260,800 Payette Jerome 96,510 10,471 276,955 383,936 25% Madison 21% 24,212 214,093 301,824 63,519 Latah 112,791 16% 43,602 532,695 689,088 Benewah 48,887 70,842 376,911 496,640 10% Nez Perce 6% 96,596 413,057 543,424 33,771 Canyon 20,486 5% 3,750 353,236 377,472 22,886 275,634 Lewis 3% 8,104 52,960,576 33,412,277 63% 3,276,619 16,271,680 Total Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends Source: CHAPTER 10: Economy 359

370 Economy and Industry Total Housing Units (2010) 155,754 6,999 Ada Gem Adams 2,381 Gooding 6,038 32,397 Idaho Bannock 8,574 Bear Lake 3,815 Jefferson 8,337 Benewah 4,557 Jerome 7,831 Bingham 15,873 Kootenai 61,173 Blaine Latah 15,663 14,818 Boise 5,178 Lemhi 4,669 Bonner 23,773 Lewis 1,869 Bonneville 38,626 Lincoln 2,190 Boundary 4,981 Madison 10,987 Butte 1,415 Minidoka 7,665 Camas 767 17,297 Nez Perce 67,649 1,894 Canyon Oneida 3,226 Owyhee 4,769 Caribou Cassia Payette 8,875 8,289 Clark 522 Power 2,957 Clearwater 4,411 Shoshone 7,070 Custer Teton 4,973 2,960 Elmore 11,969 Twin Falls 30,406 Franklin 4,436 Valley 11,246 Fremont 8,288 Washington 4,456 Total 652,323 Source: US Census Bureau Photo Courtesy of Laura Weston Hagerman State Bank IDAHO BLUE BOOK 360

371 Economy Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Eastern Idaho Fairgrounds Average Cost of Living (2016) Based on average housing costs, utilities, health care, transportation, groceries, and other services, Idaho ranks 6th for lowest cost-of-living in the US. The national average index is 100.00. A state with an index of 95.00 has a cost-of-living that is 5% lower than the national average. The list below provides a comparison of the relative cost-of- living in the western states. Index State 89.6 Idaho Wyoming 91.7 Utah 92.8 New Mexico 95.7 Arizona 98.1 Montana 100.8 Colorado 102.1 Nevada 104.5 Washington 107.1 Oregon 115.4 California 134.8 Source: Missouri Economic Research and Information Center CHAPTER 10: Economy 361

372 Export Markets for Idaho Goods (2016) Canada $938,732,177 $902,544,399 Singapore $637,302,525 Taiwan China $620,121,063 $344,920,014 Malaysia $235,822,960 Mexico Japan $196,881,203 South Korea $154,549,098 United Kingdom $114,748,457 Hong Kong $82,752,159 Netherlands $71,380,804 Brazil $63,892,844 Philippines $57,799,986 Australia $55,544,875 France $35,017,330 All Other Countries $364,193,788 Source: Idaho Department of Commerce Idaho Exports (2016) % Change Description Export Totals since 2015 Semiconductors & Industrial 15.44 2,674,737,670 750,699,249 Food & Agriculture -9.37 544,668,347 289.07 Transportation Equipment Mining Products 12.80 316,649,715 Fertilizer, Pesticide, Chemicals 210,406,577 -23.72 Wood, Paper, Pulp, Printing 138,942,919 -27.61 Office, Home and Outdoor -24.05 70,508,596 Personal Care Products 66,612,357 16.95 Fabricated Metal Products 57,935,079 -8.45 Other 37,228,648 -8.67 Apparel 6,335,481 11.53 Textiles 1,479,044 172.18 Source: Idaho Department of Commerce IDAHO BLUE BOOK 362

373 Demographics Sacajawea Festival Photo courtesy of Idaho Tourism

374 Idaho County Population Figures 2000 – 2016 2016 # Change % Change Rank in Rank in 2010 County 2010-2016 Population 2010 Population 2016 2010-2016 1,567,582 1,683,140 7.37% State 115,558 444,028 1 13.17% 1 392,365 Ada 51,663 3,976 -76 -1.91% 40 40 Adams 3,900 82,839 84,377 1,538 1.86% 5 5 Bannock 5,986 36 -41 -0.68% Bear Lake 36 5,945 9,285 -193 -2.08% 30 30 Benewah 9,092 45,607 45,201 -406 -0.89% 7 7 Bingham Blaine 21,376 415 1.94% 17 17 21,791 Boise 7,124 96 1.37% 34 34 7,028 Bonner 40,877 42,536 1,659 4.06% 8 8 Bonneville 104,234 7,998 7.67% 4 4 112,232 10,972 709 6.46% 26 25 Boundary 11,681 2,891 2,501 -390 -13.49% 42 42 Butte Camas 1,117 -45 -4.03% 43 43 1,072 Canyon 211,698 22,775 12.06% 2 2 188,923 Caribou 6,963 6,887 -76 -1.09% 35 35 Cassia 22,952 552 2.41% 14 14 23,504 -12.42% 44 44 Clark 860 -122 982 Clearwater 8,761 8,497 -264 -3.01% 31 31 Custer 4,096 -272 -6.23% 38 39 4,368 Elmore 27,038 26,018 -1,020 -3.77% 12 13 620 Franklin 12,786 13,406 4.85% 22 23 Fremont 13,242 -2.26% 22 23 12,943 -299 17,184 2.78% 19 19 16,719 Gem 465 15,185 -279 -1.80% 21 21 Gooding 15,464 16,267 16,156 -0.68% 20 20 Idaho -111 26,140 1,699 6.50% 13 12 Jefferson 27,839 22,374 22,994 620 2.77% 16 16 Jerome 138,494 Kootenai 11.42% 3 3 154,311 15,817 37,244 1,952 5.24% 11 10 Latah 39,196 7,936 7,723 -213 -2.68% 32 32 Lemhi 3,821 32 0.84% 41 41 3,853 Lewis 5,208 5,271 63 1.21% 37 37 Lincoln Madison 37,536 39,048 1,512 4.03% 10 11 Minidoka 20,069 547 2.73% 18 18 20,616 39,265 1,104 2.81% 9 9 Nez Perce 40,369 39 38 57 1.33% Oneida 4,286 4,343 Owyhee 11,526 -137 -1.19% 25 26 11,389 Payette 23,026 403 1.78% 15 15 22,623 Power 7,817 7,654 -163 -2.09% 33 33 Shoshone 12,765 -313 -2.45% 24 24 12,452 Teton 10,960 790 7.77% 28 27 10,170 Twin Falls 77,230 83,514 6,284 8.14% 6 6 Valley 9,862 10,496 634 6.43% 29 28 29 Washington 10,198 10,172 -26 -0.25% 27 Source: US Census Bureau, factfinder.census.gov, May 2017 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 364

375 Historical Populations by County 1920 through 1960 1930 County 1960 1940 1920 1950 37,925 70,649 93,460 35,213 Ada 50,401 2,867 3,407 3,347 Adams 2,966 2,978 27,532 34,759 41,745 49,342 Bannock 31,266 7,872 7,911 6,834 7,148 Bear Lake 8,783 6,997 6,371 7,332 6,173 6,036 Benewah 18,310 21,044 23,271 28,218 Bingham 18,561 4,473 3,768 5,295 5,384 4,598 Blaine Boise 1,822 2,333 1,776 1,646 1,847 Bonner 13,152 15,667 14,853 15,587 12,957 Bonneville 17,501 19,664 25,697 30,210 46,906 Boundary 4,474 5,987 5,908 5,809 4,555 Butte 1,934 1,877 2,722 3,498 2,940 Camas 1,730 1,411 1,360 1,079 917 Canyon 26,932 30,930 40,987 53,597 57,662 Demographics Caribou 2,191 2,284 5,576 5,976 2,121 15,659 14,629 14,430 Cassia 16,121 13,116 Clark 1,122 1,005 918 915 1,886 Clearwater 4,993 6,599 8,243 8,217 8,548 Custer 3,162 3,549 3,318 2,996 3,550 Elmore 5,087 4,491 5,518 6,687 16,719 Franklin 8,650 9,379 10,229 9,867 8,457 10,304 8,679 9,351 9,924 10,380 Fremont 6,427 7,419 8,730 9,127 Gem 9,544 7,580 11,101 9,544 7,548 Gooding 9,257 10,107 12,691 11,423 13,542 Idaho 11,749 9,441 9,171 10,495 11,672 Jefferson 10,762 5,729 9,900 12,080 11,712 Jerome 8,358 17,878 19,469 22,283 Kootenai 29,556 24,947 Latah 17,798 18,804 20,971 21,170 18,092 5,164 6,521 6,278 5,816 Lemhi 4,643 5,851 5,238 4,666 4,208 4,423 Lewis Lincoln 3,446 4,230 4,256 3,686 3,242 Madison 8,316 9,186 9,156 9,417 9,167 Minidoka 9,035 8,403 9,870 9,785 14,394 Nez Perce 15,253 18,873 22,658 27,066 17,591 6,723 5,417 4,387 3,603 Oneida 5,870 4,694 4,103 5,652 6,307 6,375 Owyhee Payette 7,021 9,511 11,921 12,363 7,318 Power 4,457 3,965 3,988 4,111 5,105 Shoshone 14,250 19,060 21,230 22,806 20,876 Teton 3,921 3,601 3,204 2,639 3,573 Twin Falls 29,828 36,403 40,979 41,842 28,398 Valley 2,524 3,488 4,035 4,270 3,663 8,576 8,378 Washington 7,962 8,853 9,424 667,191 431,866 445,031 524,873 588,637 State Total Source: US Census Bureau, April 2011 CHAPTER 11: Demographics 365

376 Historical Populations by County 1970 through 2010 1970 1980 2000 2010 County 1990 173,125 300,904 392,365 112,230 Ada 205,775 3,347 3,254 3,476 3,976 Adams 2,877 52,200 65,421 75,565 82,839 Bannock 66,026 5,801 6,084 6,411 5,986 Bear Lake 6,931 Benewah 8,292 7,937 9,171 9,285 6,230 Bingham 36,489 37,583 41,735 45,607 29,167 5,749 13,552 18,991 21,376 Blaine 9,841 1,763 2,999 3,509 Boise 7,028 6,670 Bonner 15,560 24,163 26,622 36,835 40,877 Bonneville 52,457 65,980 72,207 82,522 104,234 Boundary 5,484 8,332 9,871 10,972 7,289 2,925 2,918 2,899 2,891 Butte 3,342 728 818 727 991 1,117 Camas Canyon 61,288 90,076 131,441 188,923 83,756 Caribou 8,695 6,963 7,304 6,963 6,534 Cassia 17,017 19,427 19,532 21,416 22,952 Clark 741 762 1,022 982 798 Clearwater 10,390 8,505 8,930 8,761 10,871 Custer 2,967 3,385 4,133 4,342 4,368 Elmore 21,565 21,205 29,130 27,038 17,479 Franklin 7,373 8,895 9,232 11,329 12,786 11,819 13,242 10,937 10,813 8,710 Fremont 9,387 11,972 15,181 16,719 Gem 11,844 11,874 14,155 15,464 8,645 Gooding 11,633 14,769 13,783 15,511 16,267 Idaho 12,891 11,740 15,304 19,155 26,140 Jefferson 16,543 10,253 15,138 18,342 22,374 Jerome 14,840 35,332 59,770 69,795 Kootenai 138,494 108,685 Latah 28,749 30,617 34,935 37,244 24,898 5,566 6,899 7,806 7,936 Lemhi 7,460 3,867 4,118 3,516 3,747 3,821 Lewis Lincoln 3,057 3,308 4,044 5,208 3,436 Madison 19,480 23,674 27,467 37,536 13,452 Minidoka 15,731 19,718 19,361 20,174 20,069 Nez Perce 30,376 33,754 37,410 39,265 33,220 2,864 3,492 4,125 4,286 Oneida 3,258 6,422 8,272 8,392 10,644 11,526 Owyhee Payette 12,401 16,434 20,578 22,623 15,825 Power 6,844 7,086 7,538 7,817 4,864 Shoshone 19,718 19,226 13,931 13,771 12,765 Teton 2,351 3,439 5,999 10,170 2,897 Twin Falls 52,927 53,580 64,284 77,230 41,807 Valley 3,609 5,604 6,109 7,651 9,862 9,977 10,198 Washington 8,803 8,550 7,633 1,567,582 713,015 944,127 1,006,749 1,293,953 State Total Source: US Census Bureau, April 2011 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 366

377 Idaho City Populations 2000 – 2010 # Change % Change City 2000 – 2010 04/01/2010 2000 – 2010 04/01/2000 Aberdeen 1,840 1,994 154 8.4% 124 -20 -13.9% Acequia 144 267 5 1.9% 262 Albion American Falls 4,111 4,457 346 8.4% 6,187 13,816 7,629 123.3% Ammon 1,026 -31 -3.0% Arco 995 348 355 7 2.0% Arimo 1,129 -2 -0.2% Ashton 1,127 676 692 16 2.4% Athol Atomic City 29 4 16.0% 25 Bancroft 382 377 -5 -1.3% Basalt 419 394 -25 -6.0% Bellevue 2,287 411 21.9% 1,876 Blackfoot 10,419 11,899 1,480 14.2% Bliss 275 318 43 15.6% Demographics Bloomington 251 -45 -17.9% 206 185,787 19,884 10.7% Boise City 205,671 2,515 2,543 Bonners Ferry 1.1% 28 Bovill 305 260 -45 -14.8% Buhl 3,985 4,122 137 3.4% Burley 10,345 1,029 11.0% 9,316 Butte City 76 74 -2 -2.6% Caldwell 25,967 46,237 20,270 78.1% Cambridge 360 328 -32 -8.9% 604 Carey 513 91 17.7% Cascade 997 -58 -5.8% 939 226 -18.4% Castleford -51 277 Challis 909 1,081 172 18.9% 13,922 4,222 Chubbuck 9,700 43.5% 530 6 1.1% Clark Fork 536 7 -20 -74.1% Clayton 27 213 Clifton 46 21.6% 259 Coeur d’Alene 44,137 9,623 27.9% 34,514 944 -44 -4.7% Cottonwood 900 816 839 23 2.8% Council Craigmont 501 -55 -9.9% 556 Crouch 154 162 8 5.2% Culdesac 378 380 2 0.5% Dalton Gardens 2,278 57 2.5% 2,335 444 19 4.3% Dayton 463 Deary 552 506 -46 -8.3% 338 343 Declo 1.5% 5 Dietrich 332 182 121.3% 150 138 152 14 10.1% Donnelly Dover 342 556 214 62.6% Downey 625 12 2.0% 613 Driggs 1,100 1,660 560 50.9% Drummond 15 16 1 6.7% Dubois 647 677 30 4.6% Eagle 11,085 19,908 8,823 79.6% 10 5.0% East Hope 200 210 CHAPTER 11: Demographics 367

378 Idaho City Populations 2000 – 2010 (continued) % Change # Change City 04/01/2000 2000 – 2010 2000 – 2010 04/01/2010 405 -1.5% 411 Eden -6 125 -31 -19.9% Elk River 156 5,490 1,067 19.4% Emmett 6,557 Fairfield 395 416 21 5.3% 145 159 14 9.7% Ferdinand 186 Fernan Lake Village -17 -9.1% 169 1,620 888 54.8% Filer 2,508 Firth 408 477 69 16.9% 641 641 Franklin 0.0% 0 Fruitland 4,684 879 23.1% 3,805 10,624 10,972 348 3.3% Garden City Genesee 946 955 9 1.0% Georgetown 538 -62 -11.5% 476 1,611 -292 -18.1% Glenns Ferry 1,319 Gooding 3,384 3,567 183 5.4% 990 915 Grace -7.6% -75 Grand View 452 -18 -3.8% 470 3,228 3,141 -87 -2.7% Grangeville Greenleaf 862 846 -16 -1.9% Hagerman 872 216 32.9% 656 Hailey 6,200 7,960 1,760 28.4% Hamer 12 48 36 300.0% Hansen 970 1,144 174 17.9% Harrison 267 203 -64 -24.0% 668 Hauser 678 10 1.5% Hayden 9,159 4,135 45.1% 13,294 574 16.2% Hayden Lake 80 494 Hazelton 687 753 66 9.6% 3,089 190 Heyburn 2,899 6.6% 237 35 14.8% Hollister 272 2,633 105 4.2% Homedale 2,528 79 Hope 7 8.9% 86 Horseshoe Bend 707 -63 -8.2% 770 96 4 4.2% Huetter 100 458 485 27 5.9% Idaho City Idaho Falls 56,813 6,083 12.0% 50,730 Inkom 738 854 116 15.7% Iona 1,201 1,803 602 50.1% Irwin 157 62 39.5% 219 215 71 33.0% Island Park 286 Jerome 7,780 10,890 3,110 40.0% 609 579 Juliaetta -4.9% -30 Kamiah 1,295 135 11.6% 1,160 2,395 2,120 -275 -11.5% Kellogg Kendrick 369 303 -66 -17.9% Ketchum 2,689 -314 -10.5% 3,003 Kimberly 2,614 3,264 650 24.9% Kooskia 675 607 -68 -10.1% Kootenai 441 678 237 53.7% Kuna 5,382 15,210 9,828 182.6% 0.3% 3 Lapwai 1,134 1,137 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 368

379 Idaho City Populations 2000 – 2010 (continued) % Change # Change City 04/01/2010 04/01/2000 2000 – 2010 2000 – 2010 -114 -21.9% 521 Lava Hot Springs 407 105 Leadore 16.7% 90 15 30,904 990 3.2% Lewiston 31,894 458 -9 -1.9% Lewisville 467 566 517 -49 -8.7% Mackay 2,158 -63 -2.9% 2,095 Malad City Malta 177 193 16 9.0% 890 1,031 141 15.8% Marsing 2,084 907 43.5% 2,991 McCall 805 809 4 0.5% McCammon 74 439 513 16.9% Melba Menan 707 34 4.8% 741 34,919 40,173 115.0% Meridian 75,092 2,978 5,524 2,546 85.5% Middleton Midvale 171 -5 -2.8% 176 Minidoka 129 112 -17 -13.2% Demographics 2,785 -188 -6.8% Montpelier 2,597 196 189 -7 -3.6% Moore 21,291 2,509 11.8% Moscow 23,800 11,143 14,206 3,063 27.5% Mountain Home 656 62 Moyie Springs 9.5% 718 270 358 Mud Lake 32.6% 88 Mullan 840 692 -148 -17.6% Murtaugh 139 115 -24 -17.3% 51,867 Nampa 81,557 29,690 57.2% New Meadows 533 -38 -7.1% 495 1,538 9.9% New Plymouth 138 1,400 Newdale 358 323 -35 -9.8% 466 -57 Nezperce 523 -10.9% 458 73 15.9% Notus 531 763 95 14.2% Oakley 668 190 Oldtown -6 -3.2% 184 Onaway 187 -43 -18.7% 230 3,247 -105 -3.2% Orofino 3,142 1,545 1,555 10 0.6% Osburn Oxford 48 -5 -9.4% 53 Paris 576 513 -63 -10.9% Parker 319 305 -14 -4.4% Parkline* 65 15 23.1% 80 1,771 212 12.0% Parma 1,983 Paul 998 1,169 171 17.1% 7,054 7,433 Payette 5.4% 379 Peck 197 11 5.9% 186 617 508 -109 -17.7% Pierce Pinehurst 1,661 1,619 -42 -2.5% Placerville 53 -7 -11.7% 60 Plummer 990 1,044 54 5.5% Pocatello 51,466 54,255 2,789 5.4% Ponderay 638 1,137 499 78.2% Post Falls 17,247 27,574 10,327 59.9% 1.6% 13 Potlatch 791 804 CHAPTER 11: Demographics 369

380 (continued) Idaho City Populations 2000 – 2010 # Change % Change City 04/01/2000 2000 – 2010 04/01/2010 2000 – 2010 Preston 522 4,682 11.1% 5,204 -0.2% Priest River 1,754 1,751 -3 Rathdrum 6,826 2,010 41.7% 4,816 Reubens 72 71 -1 -1.4% 47.7% 8,227 25,484 17,257 Rexburg Richfield 412 482 70 17.0% 947 Rigby 2,998 3,945 31.6% 2.2% 9 Riggins 410 419 545 656 111 20.4% Ririe Roberts 647 580 -67 -10.4% -21 -6.6% 295 316 Rockland -91 -1.6% 5,645 Rupert 5,554 3,112 -0.3% Salmon 3,122 -10 530 6,835 Sandpoint 7.8% 7,365 15.6% Shelley 3,813 4,409 596 1,398 1,461 63 4.5% Shoshone Smelterville 651 627 -24 -3.7% -323 -9.6% 3,058 3,381 Soda Springs Spencer -2.6% 38 37 -1 1,945 41.4% Spirit Lake 1,376 569 200 3,542 6.0% St. Anthony 3,342 -25 -16.0% St. Charles 156 131 -250 -9.4% 2,402 2,652 St. Maries -37.0% -37 Stanley 100 63 1,795 3,998 222.7% Star** 5,793 State Line 28 10 38 35.7% -5 226 Stites -2.2% 221 21.9% Sugar City 1,242 1,514 272 1,427 1,406 -21 -1.5% Sun Valley Swan Valley 213 204 -9 -4.2% -3 -2.4% 123 126 Tensed Teton 29.2% 569 735 166 269 8.9% Tetonia 247 22 64 862 8.0% Troy 798 9,656 28.0% Twin Falls 34,469 44,125 165 17.5% 1,108 943 Ucon 1,928 1,088 129.5% Victor 840 784 Wallace -18.3% 960 -176 188 Wardner -27 215 -12.6% -7 3 -70.0% Warm River 10 Weippe 416 441 25 6.0% Weiser 3.1% 5,343 5,507 164 2,782 444 19.0% 2,338 Wendell Weston 12 2.8% 425 437 106 -15 -14.2% White Bird 91 1,533 4.9% 1,462 71 Wilder 340 32 10.4% Winchester 308 257 34 15.2% 223 Worley *Parkline incorporated December 13, 1994. **Star incorporated December 10, 1997. Source: US Census Bureau, Released April 2010 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 370

381 City and County Populations 2000 & 2010 # Change % Change 04/01/2010 County 2000 – 2010 04/01/2000 2000 – 2010 City Boise City 19,884 205,671 Ada 10.70% 185,787 11,085 19,908 Eagle 79.60% 8,823 Garden City 10,624 10,972 348 3.30% Kuna 5,382 15,210 9,828 182.60% Meridian 75,092 40,173 115.00% 34,919 Star* 1,795 5,793 3,998 222.70% City Total 247,797 332,646 84,849 34.20% Rest of County 53,107 59,719 6,612 12.50% 300,904 County Total 30.40% 392,365 91,461 Adams Council 23 2.80% 816 839 496 -37 -6.90% New Meadows 533 1,349 1,335 -14 -1.00% City Total Rest of County 2,127 2,641 514 24.20% County Total 3,476 3,976 500 14.40% Demographics Bannock Arimo 355 7 2.00% 348 9,700 13,922 4,222 43.50% Chubbuck Downey 613 625 12 2.00% Fort Hall CDP 1,674 1,795 121 7.20% (partial) 15.70% Inkom 738 854 116 Lava Hot Springs 521 -114 -21.90% 407 805 809 0.50% McCammon 4 54,230 5.40% 51,442 2,788 Pocatello (partial) 72,997 7,156 City Total 65,841 10.90% 9,724 9,842 118 1.20% Rest of County 75,565 County Total 7,274 9.60% 82,839 Bloomington 206 -45 -17.90% Bear Lake 251 538 476 -62 -11.50% Georgetown 2,785 2,597 -188 -6.80% Montpelier Paris 576 513 -63 -10.90% St. Charles 156 131 -25 -16.00% City Total 4,306 -383 -8.90% 3,923 2,105 -42 -2.00% Rest of County 2,063 6,411 5,986 -425 County Total -6.60% Benewah Parkline** 65 80 15 23.10% Plummer 990 1,044 54 5.50% St. Maries 2,402 -250 -9.40% 2,652 Tensed 126 123 -3 -2.40% City Total 3,833 3,649 -184 -4.80% Rest of County 5,338 5,636 298 5.60% County Total 9,171 9,285 114 1.20% CHAPTER 11: Demographics 371

382 City and County Populations 2000 & 2010 (continued) % Change # Change 04/01/2000 City 2000 – 2010 04/01/2010 County 2000 – 2010 1,994 42.10% 1,403 591 Bingham Aberdeen 4 16.00% Atomic City 25 29 -3 -0.80% 394 397 Basalt 11,889 2,168 22.30% Blackfoot 9,721 477 Firth 12.50% 424 53 1,519 -113 -7.40% Fort Hall CDP 1,406 (partial) 4,409 787 21.70% Shelley 3,622 20,598 3,487 20.40% City Total 17,111 Rest of County 24,624 25,009 385 1.60% 41,735 45,607 9.30% County Total 3,872 Blaine 1,876 2,287 411 21.90% Bellevue 513 604 17.70% Carey 91 7,960 28.40% 6,200 1,760 Hailey 2,689 -314 Ketchum 3,003 -10.50% 1,427 1,406 -21 -1.50% Sun Valley 13,019 14,946 1,927 14.80% City Total Rest of County 5,972 458 7.70% 6,430 18,991 2,385 12.60% County Total 21,376 Crouch 154 162 8 5.20% Boise 770 707 -63 -8.20% Horseshoe Bend Idaho City 458 485 27 5.90% Placerville 60 53 -7 -11.70% City Total 1,442 1,407 -35 -2.40% Rest of County 5,228 393 7.50% 5,621 7,028 5.40% 358 County Total 6,670 530 6 1.10% Clark Fork 536 Bonner 556 214 Dover 342 62.60% 200 210 10 5.00% East Hope 79 86 7 8.90% Hope 441 Kootenai 237 53.70% 678 190 -6 -3.20% Oldtown 184 638 1,137 499 78.20% Ponderay Priest River 1,751 -3 -0.20% 1,754 Sandpoint 6,835 7,365 530 7.80% City Total 11,009 12,503 1,494 13.60% Rest of County 25,826 2,548 9.90% 28,374 36,835 4,042 11.00% County Total 40,877 Ammon 6,187 13,816 7,629 123.30% Bonneville 50,730 56,813 6,083 12.00% Idaho Falls Iona 1,201 1,803 602 50.10% Irwin 157 219 62 39.50% Ririe (partial) 30 5 20.00% 25 Swan Valley 213 204 -9 -4.20% Ucon 943 1,108 165 17.50% City Total 59,456 73,993 14,537 24.50% Rest of County 23,066 30,241 7,175 31.10% 21,712 26.30% County Total 82,522 104,234 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 372

383 City and County Populations 2000 & 2010 (continued) # Change % Change 04/01/2000 2000 – 2010 2000 – 2010 County 04/01/2010 City 2,515 2,543 28 1.10% Boundary Bonners Ferry 718 62 9.50% 656 Moyie Springs City Total 3,171 3,261 90 2.80% 6,700 7,711 1,011 15.10% Rest of County 9,871 County Total 11.20% 10,972 1,101 Arco 995 -31 -3.00% Butte 1,026 76 74 -2 -2.60% Butte City 196 -7 -3.60% 189 Moore 1,298 1,258 -40 -3.10% City Total Rest of County 1,601 1,633 32 2.00% County Total 2,899 -8 -0.30% 2,891 Fairfield 416 21 5.30% Camas 395 395 416 21 5.30% City Total 596 701 105 17.60% Rest of County County Total 991 1,117 126 12.70% Demographics Caldwell Canyon 46,237 20,270 78.10% 25,967 862 -16 -1.90% Greenleaf 846 439 513 74 16.90% Melba Middleton 5,524 2,546 85.50% 2,978 Nampa 51,867 81,557 29,690 57.20% Notus 458 531 73 15.90% Parma 1,771 1,983 212 12.00% Wilder 1,462 71 4.90% 1,533 85,804 138,724 61.70% City Total 52,920 45,637 Rest of County 50,199 10.00% 4,562 188,923 57,482 43.70% County Total 131,441 382 377 -5 -1.30% Bancroft Caribou 990 915 Grace -7.60% -75 Soda Springs 3,058 -323 -9.60% 3,381 4,753 -403 -8.50% City Total 4,350 2,551 2,613 Rest of County 2.40% 62 County Total 7,304 6,963 -341 -4.70% Cassia Albion 262 267 5 1.90% Burley (partial) 9,074 1,002 11.00% 10,076 338 5 1.50% Declo 343 177 193 16 9.00% Malta Oakley 763 95 14.20% 668 City Total 10,519 11,642 1,123 10.70% Rest of County 10,897 11,310 413 3.80% County Total 21,416 1,536 7.20% 22,952 Clark 647 677 30 4.60% Dubois Spencer 38 37 -1 -2.60% City Total 685 714 29 4.20% Rest of County 337 268 -69 -20.50% -40 -3.90% County Total 1,022 982 CHAPTER 11: Demographics 373

384 (continued) City and County Populations 2000 & 2010 % Change # Change 04/01/2000 04/01/2010 2000 – 2010 City County 2000 – 2010 125 Elk River Clearwater -31 156 -19.90% -3.20% -105 Orofino 3,247 3,142 -17.70% 617 Pierce 508 -109 6.00% 25 441 Weippe 416 -220 -5.00% City Total 4,436 4,216 51 Rest of County 4,494 4,545 1.10% -169 8,761 -1.90% County Total 8,930 1,081 172 18.90% Custer Challis 909 -20 -74.10% 7 27 Clayton 517 -49 -8.70% Mackay 566 63 100 -37.00% Stanley -37 1,668 66 1,602 City Total 4.10% -40 2,700 Rest of County -1.50% 2,740 26 0.60% County Total 4,342 4,368 1,319 -292 -18.10% 1,611 Elmore Glenns Ferry 8,894 3,238 -5,656 Mountain Home AFB -63.60% CDP Mountain Home 3,063 27.50% 11,143 14,206 18,763 -13.30% 21,648 City Total -2,885 8,275 793 10.60% Rest of County 7,482 29,130 27,038 -7.20% County Total -2,092 Clifton 259 46 21.60% Franklin 213 444 463 19 4.30% Dayton 641 Franklin 0.00% 641 0 48 Oxford -5 53 -9.40% Preston 522 5,204 11.10% 4,682 Weston 425 437 12 2.80% City Total 9.20% 6,458 7,052 594 5,734 863 17.70% 4,871 Rest of County County Total 1,457 12.90% 11,329 12,786 Ashton 1,127 -2 -0.20% Fremont 1,129 16 6.70% 15 1 Drummond 286 71 Island Park 215 33.00% 358 323 -35 -9.80% Newdale 319 305 -14 -4.40% Parker 3,342 St. Anthony 6.00% 3,542 200 735 29.20% 569 Teton 166 3 -7 -70.00% Warm River 10 5,957 380 6.40% City Total 6,337 Rest of County 5,862 6,905 1,043 17.80% 11,819 13,242 1,423 12.00% County Total Emmett Gem 1,067 19.40% 5,490 6,557 6,557 1,067 19.40% City Total 5,490 9,691 10,162 471 4.90% Rest of County 15,181 16,719 1,538 10.10% County Total IDAHO BLUE BOOK 374

385 City and County Populations 2000 & 2010 (continued) % Change # Change 04/01/2000 City 2000 – 2010 04/01/2010 County 2000 – 2010 318 43 15.60% Bliss Gooding 275 Gooding 183 5.40% 3,384 3,567 656 216 32.90% Hagerman 872 2,782 444 19.00% Wendell 2,338 6,653 7,539 886 13.30% City Total 7,502 423 5.60% Rest of County 7,925 County Total 14,155 15,464 1,309 9.20% Cottonwood 944 900 Idaho -4.70% -44 Ferdinand 159 14 9.70% 145 3,228 3,141 -87 -2.70% Grangeville Kooskia 675 607 -68 -10.10% Riggins 419 9 2.20% 410 Stites 226 221 -5 -2.20% White Bird 106 91 -15 -14.20% City Total 5,734 5,538 -196 -3.40% Rest of County 9,777 10,729 952 9.70% Demographics County Total 15,511 756 4.90% 16,267 Hamer 36 48 Jefferson 300.00% 12 467 458 -9 -1.90% Lewisville Menan 707 741 34 4.80% Mud Lake 358 88 32.60% 270 Rigby 2,998 3,945 947 31.60% Ririe (partial) 520 626 106 20.40% 580 Roberts 647 -67 -10.40% 1,135 20.20% 6,756 City Total 5,621 13,534 19,384 43.20% Rest of County 5,850 26,140 36.50% 19,155 County Total 6,985 411 405 -6 -1.50% Jerome Eden 753 66 9.60% Hazelton 687 Jerome 7,780 10,890 3,110 40.00% 8,878 12,048 City Total 35.70% 3,170 Rest of County 10,326 862 9.10% 9,464 18,342 4,032 22.00% County Total 22,374 Athol 676 692 16 2.40% Kootenai 34,514 44,137 9,623 27.90% Coeur d’Alene Dalton Gardens 2,278 2,335 57 2.50% Fernan Lake Village 186 169 -17 -9.10% Harrison 267 -64 -24.00% 203 668 10 1.50% Hauser 678 Hayden 9,159 13,294 4,135 45.10% 494 574 Hayden Lake 16.20% 80 Huetter 100 4 4.20% 96 17,247 27,574 10,327 59.90% Post Falls Rathdrum 4,816 6,826 2,010 41.70% Spirit Lake 1,945 569 41.40% 1,376 State Line 28 38 10 35.70% Worley 223 257 34 15.20% City Total 72,028 98,822 26,794 37.20% Rest of County 36,657 39,672 3,015 8.20% 29,809 27.40% County Total 108,685 138,494 CHAPTER 11: Demographics 375

386 City and County Populations 2000 & 2010 (continued) % Change # Change 04/01/2000 City 2000 – 2010 04/01/2010 County 2000 – 2010 260 -14.80% 305 -45 Latah Bovill -46 -8.30% Deary 552 506 9 1.00% 955 946 Genesee 579 -30 -4.90% Juliaetta 609 303 Kendrick -17.90% 369 -66 23,800 11.80% 21,291 Moscow 2,509 187 -43 -18.70% Onaway 230 791 13 1.60% Potlatch 804 Troy 798 862 64 8.00% 28,256 City Total 2,365 9.10% 25,891 Rest of County 8,988 -56 -0.60% 9,044 34,935 37,244 6.60% County Total 2,309 90 15 16.70% Leadore 105 Lemhi 3,112 -10 Salmon 3,122 -0.30% 3,212 3,217 5 0.20% City Total 4,594 4,719 Rest of County 2.70% 125 County Total 7,936 130 1.70% 7,806 Craigmont 501 -55 -9.90% Lewis 556 1,160 1,295 Kamiah 11.60% 135 Nezperce 523 466 -57 -10.90% Reubens 72 71 -1 -1.40% 308 Winchester 340 32 10.40% City Total 2,619 54 2.10% 2,673 1,128 1,148 1.80% Rest of County 20 2.00% 74 3,821 3,747 County Total 150 332 182 Lincoln Dietrich 121.30% 412 482 70 17.00% Richfield 1,398 1,461 Shoshone 4.50% 63 City Total 2,275 315 16.10% 1,960 2,084 849 40.70% Rest of County 2,933 4,044 5,208 1,164 County Total 28.80% Madison Rexburg 17,257 25,484 8,227 47.70% Sugar City 1,242 1,514 272 21.90% City Total 18,499 8,499 45.90% 26,998 8,968 1,570 17.50% Rest of County 10,538 27,467 37,536 10,069 36.70% County Total Minidoka Acequia 124 -20 -13.90% 144 242 269 27 11.20% Burley (partial) Heyburn 2,899 3,089 190 6.60% Minidoka 112 -17 -13.20% 129 Paul 998 1,169 171 17.10% Rupert 5,645 5,554 -91 -1.60% City Total 10,057 10,317 260 2.60% Rest of County 10,117 9,752 -365 -3.60% -0.50% -105 County Total 20,174 20,069 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 376

387 City and County Populations 2000 & 2010 (continued) # Change % Change 04/01/2000 2000 – 2010 2000 – 2010 County 04/01/2010 City 378 380 2 0.50% Nez Perce Culdesac 1,137 3 0.30% 1,134 Lapwai Lewiston 30,904 31,894 990 3.20% 186 197 11 5.90% Peck 32,602 1,006 3.10% City Total 33,608 Rest of County 4,808 5,657 849 17.70% 37,410 39,265 1,855 County Total 5.00% Oneida 2,158 2,095 -63 -2.90% Malad City 2,158 2,095 -63 -2.90% City Total Rest of County 1,967 2,191 224 11.40% County Total 4,125 161 3.90% 4,286 Owyhee 470 452 -18 -3.80% Grand View Homedale 2,528 2,633 105 4.20% Marsing 890 1,031 141 15.80% City Total 3,888 4,116 228 5.90% Demographics Rest of County 6,756 654 9.70% 7,410 10,644 8.30% 882 County Total 11,526 Payette 3,805 4,684 879 23.10% Fruitland New Plymouth 1,400 1,538 138 9.90% Payette 7,433 379 5.40% 7,054 City Total 12,259 13,655 1,396 11.40% Rest of County 8,968 8,319 649 7.80% County Total 20,578 2,045 9.90% 22,623 American Falls 4,111 346 8.40% Power 4,457 Arbon Valley CDP 599 -4.50% 627 -28 25 1 Pocatello (partial) 24 4.20% 316 295 -21 -6.60% Rockland 5,078 5,376 298 5.90% City Total Rest of County 2,460 -19 -0.80% 2,441 7,538 279 3.70% County Total 7,817 Kellogg 2,395 2,120 -275 -11.50% Shoshone 840 692 -148 -17.60% Mullan Osburn 1,545 1,555 10 0.60% Pinehurst 1,661 1,619 -42 -2.50% Smelterville 651 -24 -3.70% 627 960 -176 -18.30% Wallace 784 215 188 -27 -12.60% Wardner City Total 7,585 -682 -8.20% 8,267 Rest of County 5,504 5,180 -324 -5.90% County Total 13,771 12,765 -1,006 -7.30% Teton Driggs 1,660 560 50.90% 1,100 247 269 22 8.90% Tetonia Victor 840 1,928 1,088 129.50% City Total 2,187 3,857 1,670 76.40% Rest of County 3,812 6,313 2,501 65.60% 69.50% 4,171 County Total 5,999 10,170 CHAPTER 11: Demographics 377

388 City and County Populations 2000 & 2010 (continued) # Change % Change City 2000 – 2010 04/01/2000 2000 – 2010 County 04/01/2010 3,985 4,122 3.40% Twin Falls Buhl 137 -51 226 -18.40% Castleford 277 888 54.80% Filer 1,620 2,508 174 17.90% 1,144 970 Hansen 272 35 14.80% Hollister 237 3,264 2,614 24.90% Kimberly 650 115 -17.30% 139 Murtaugh -24 44,125 9,656 28.00% Twin Falls 34,469 44,311 11,465 25.90% City Total 55,776 Rest of County 19,973 21,454 1,481 7.40% 64,284 77,230 12,946 20.10% County Total Cascade Valley 939 -58 -5.80% 997 138 152 10.10% Donnelly 14 2,991 43.50% 2,084 McCall 907 4,082 863 26.80% City Total 3,219 4,432 1,348 30.40% Rest of County 5,780 County Total 7,651 9,862 2,211 28.90% Cambridge 360 328 Washington -8.90% -32 Midvale 171 -5 -2.80% 176 5,343 164 3.10% Weiser 5,507 5,879 6,006 127 2.20% City Total Rest of County 4,192 94 2.30% 4,098 County Total 9,977 10,198 221 2.20% *Parkline incorporated December 13, 1994. **Star incorporated December 10, 1997. Source: US Census Bureau, Released April 2010 Idaho’s 20 Largest Cities 2010 2015 Percent Rank Estimate Change Census Change City Boise 205,671 8,525 4.14% 1 214,196 81,557 5.70% 4,646 Nampa 2 86,203 Meridian 84,018 8,926 11.89% 3 75,092 Idaho Falls 56,813 58,374 1,561 2.75% 4 Pocatello 294 54,549 5 0.54% 54,255 Caldwell 49,149 2,912 6.30% 6 46,237 Coeur d’Alene 44,137 46,796 2,659 6.02% 7 8 Twin Falls 45,984 1,859 4.21% 44,125 9 31,894 32,284 390 1.22% Lewiston 10 Post Falls 27,574 29,320 1,746 6.33% 11 Rexburg 26,723 1,239 4.86% 25,484 Moscow 24,688 888 3.73% 12 23,800 Eagle 19,908 21,863 1,955 9.82% 13 14 Kuna 16,557 1,347 8.86% 15,210 15 13,816 14,469 653 4.73% Ammon 16 Chubbuck 13,922 14,224 302 2.17% 17 Mtn Home 13,804 -402 -2.83% 14,206 18 13,294 13,749 455 3.42% Hayden 19 Blackfoot 11,899 11,843 -56 -0.47% 20 Garden City 10,972 11,313 341 3.11% Source: US Census Bureau, Population Estimates, July 2015 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 378

389 Population by Age and Sex July 1, 2015 Estimate Male Population Female Population Total Population 57,258 Under 5 years 55,665 112,923 63,440 60,105 5 to 9 years 123,545 63,181 60,582 123,763 10 to 14 years 15 to 19 years 60,005 57,172 117,177 20 to 24 years 58,481 52,872 111,353 109,121 25 to 29 years 54,366 54,755 30 to 34 years 108,570 55,099 53,471 35 to 39 years 104,856 53,138 51,718 40 to 44 years 97,776 48,208 49,568 95,984 48,289 45 to 49 years 47,695 50 to 54 years 102,798 50,871 51,927 55 to 59 years 105,525 51,753 53,772 60 to 64 years 48,085 49,960 98,045 65 to 69 years 84,451 41,851 42,600 70 to 74 years 61,293 29,724 31,569 Demographics 75 to 79 years 21,715 41,830 20,115 80 to 84 years 27,986 15,344 12,642 27,934 10,492 85 years and over 17,442 Total 1,654,930 828,747 826,183 Source: US Census Bureau Historic Population by Age and Sex 1990 1980 2010 2000 Male Female Age Female Male Female Male Female Male 0-4 48,073 45,458 41,082 39,111 50,047 47,596 62,468 59,304 5-9 40,342 46,183 43,860 51,860 48,896 61,887 59,308 42,392 10-14 40,501 38,717 46,328 43,858 53,697 50,911 60,104 56,851 15-19 44,000 43,982 40,845 39,593 56,131 54,727 58,936 56,423 20-24 42,747 43,487 34,083 31,709 48,934 45,060 54,782 53,427 25-29 41,803 36,247 35,820 44,117 41,011 54,818 51,916 40,658 37,079 35,862 40,476 43,111 41,194 52,206 50,025 30-34 40,257 29,156 40,123 39,771 47,940 46,973 49,149 47,696 35-39 28,488 23,720 22,962 35,254 34,020 49,149 48,906 47,948 46,816 40-44 45-49 20,467 27,547 27,000 46,290 45,882 51,546 52,014 20,506 20,061 39,499 22,309 22,051 50-54 38,577 52,006 52,971 20,415 55-59 21,248 19,292 20,115 29,949 30,075 48,095 48,902 19,934 60-64 18,444 19,753 18,626 19,924 23,775 23,730 41,542 41,774 20,132 19,462 20,707 31,148 32,280 65-69 17,854 16,118 16,922 11,819 16,768 14,461 17,308 70-74 19,033 22,648 23,458 13,433 75-79 9,393 10,692 13,837 13,280 17,163 15,960 18,315 7,271 80-84 3,930 6,318 6,144 9,439 8,670 12,776 11,073 14,541 85+ 5,576 3,629 7,769 5,981 12,076 9,008 16,234 2,900 782,258 471,155 472,780 500,956 505,793 648,660 645,293 785,324 Total 1,293,953 1,567,582 1,006,749 Totals 943,935 Source: US Census Bureau CHAPTER 11: Demographics 379

390 Idaho Population by Race Total population 1,616,547 1,616,547 1,575,321 97.40% One race 2.60% 41,226 Two or more races 1,575,321 97.40% One race White 1,482,914 91.70% 9,900 0.60% Black or African American 1.30% American Indian and Alaska Native 20,504 0.10% Cherokee tribal grouping 1,115 0.00% Chippewa tribal grouping 564 Navajo tribal grouping 662 0.00% Sioux tribal grouping 694 0.00% 21,711 1.30% Asian Asian Indian 2,301 0.10% 5,048 0.30% Chinese 0.20% Filipino 3,595 Japanese 2,824 0.20% Korean 2,173 0.10% 1,452 0.10% Vietnamese Other Asian 4,318 0.30% 1,921 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.10% 547 0.00% Native Hawaiian Guamanian or Chamorro 0.00% 422 Samoan 188 0.00% Other Pacific Islander 764 0.00% 38,341 2.40% Some other race Two or more races 41,226 2.60% 5,779 White and Black or African American 0.40% White and American Indian and Alaska Native 14,596 0.90% White and Asian 0.60% 10,256 Black or African American and American 500 0.00% Indian and Alaska Native Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 191,314 11.80% Mexican 10.30% 166,554 Puerto Rican 3,614 0.20% Cuban 870 0.10% Other Hispanic or Latino 20,276 1.30% Not Hispanic or Latino 1,425,233 88.20% Source: US Census Bureau 2009-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates Northwest State Populations State 2010 Census # Change % Change 2015 Estimate 6,724,540 7,160,290 Washington 6.48% 435,750 Oregon 3,831,074 4,024,634 193,560 5.05% Utah 2,763,885 2,990,632 226,747 8.20% Nevada 2,883,758 183,207 6.78% 2,700,551 Idaho 1,567,582 1,652,828 85,246 5.44% Montana 989,415 1,032,073 42,658 4.31% 586,555 4.07% 22,929 Wyoming 563,626 Source: US Census Bureau 2010-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates IDAHO BLUE BOOK 380

391 Idaho Life Expectancy at Birth (2015) Male Female Total 79.5 77.2 81.7 U.S. life expectancy in 2014 was 78.8 years, 76.7 years for males, and 81.2 years for females. Births and Deaths in Idaho Live Births Deaths Rate 2 Year Rate 1 1980 20,140 21.3 6,753 7.2 19,488 20.6 6,902 7.3 1981 19,581 6,924 1982 7.2 20.4 18,742 7,204 7.3 1983 19.0 17,996 18.0 1984 7.2 7,229 1985 17,539 17.5 7,105 7.1 1986 16,424 16.4 7,345 7.3 Demographics 1987 16.0 7,305 7.3 15,926 15,732 15.7 7.6 1988 7,654 15.8 7,387 15,865 1989 7.4 1990 16,442 16.3 7,386 7.3 16,789 16.2 7,678 7.4 1991 1992 17,319 7,870 7.4 16.2 17,412 8,360 7.6 1993 15.8 17,541 15.4 1994 7.4 8,395 1995 18,003 15.5 8,491 7.3 1996 18,564 15.6 8,706 7.3 1997 18,537 8,952 7.4 15.3 19,350 15.7 7.4 1998 9,141 15.9 9,508 19,870 1999 7.6 2000 20,305 15.7 9,535 7.4 20,686 15.7 9,751 7.4 2001 2002 20,973 9,909 7.4 15.6 21,794 10,364 7.6 2003 16.0 22,529 16.2 2004 7.2 10,013 7.4 2005 23,064 16.1 10,513 2006 24,185 16.5 10,556 7.2 2007 25,023 10,742 7.2 16.7 25,156 10,927 7.2 2008 16.5 23,726 15.3 2009 7.2 11,065 2010 23,202 14.8 11,411 7.3 2011 22,311 14.1 11,990 7.6 2012 14.4 11,993 7.5 22,941 2013 22,348 13.9 12,426 7.7 2014 22,888 14.0 12,610 7.7 2015 22,832 13.8 13,031 7.9 Idaho Vital Statistics 2015, Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Division of Public Health, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics, December 2016. CHAPTER 11: Demographics 381

392 Ten Leading Causes of Death to Idahoans Cause of Death Male Female Total (rank by total) 6,856 All causes 13,031 6,175 1. Malignant neoplasms (cancer) 1,577 1,266 2,843 2. Diseases of heart 1,555 1,274 2,829 3. Chronic lower respiratory diseases 421 848 427 4. Accidents 471 273 744 5. Cerebrovascular diseases 285 361 646 6. Alzheimer’s disease 553 198 355 7. Diabetes mellitus 404 182 222 284 78 362 8. Intentional self-harm (suicide) 128 91 9. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis 219 10. Influenza and pneumonia 100 115 215 All other causes 1,609 1,759 3,368 Idaho Vital Statistics 2015, Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Division of Public Health, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics, December, 2016. Fast Facts (2015) 91 Oldest Groom: 90 Oldest Bride: 16 16 Youngest Bride: Youngest Groom: Day Most Marriages Occured: August 10 (224 marriages) Day the Second Most Marriages Occured: June 20 (263 marriages) Days Fewest Marriages Occured: November 26 (2 marriages) 95 Oldest Female Divorcee: 95 Oldest Male Divorcee: Youngest Male Divorcee: 16 Youngest Female Divorcee: 16 Days Most Divorces Finalized: April 2 (49 divorces) Greatest Number of Previous Marriages for Male Divorcees: 8 Greatest Number of Previous Marriages for Female Divorcees: 8 Marriage of Longest Duration Ending in a Divorce: 63 years Marriage of Shortest Duration Ending in a Divorce: 13 days Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Division of Public Health, Bureau of Vital Idaho Vital Statistics 2015, Records and Health Statistics, December 2016. Marriages and Divorces in Idaho Marriages Rate* Divorces Rate* Year 14,066 14.7 6,238 6.5 1982 1983 13,421 13.6 6,228 6.3 1984 13,264 6,210 6.2 13.2 12,277 12.2 1985 6.2 6,207 1986 11,957 12.1 6,067 6.1 1987 11,428 11.6 5,892 6.0 1988 12,165 12.3 5,987 6.1 1989 13,193 13.3 6,275 6.3 6,446 6.4 1990 14,064 13.7 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 382

393 Marriages and Divorces in Idaho (continued) Rate* Divorces Rate* Marriages Year 1991 13.8 6,619 6.4 14,352 14,458 13.6 6,857 6.4 1992 14,836 6,899 6.3 13.5 1993 14,895 13.1 6,799 6.0 1994 15,106 13.0 1995 6,749 5.8 1996 12.7 6,985 5.9 15,027 1997 15,114 12.5 7,035 5.8 1998 15,266 12.4 6,980 5.7 1999 15,489 12.4 6,947 5.6 2000 15,057 11.6 7,110 5.5 5.3 7,025 2001 14,820 11.2 2002 14,683 5.3 7,087 10.9 2003 7,080 5.2 10.9 14,867 14,997 10.8 6,921 5.0 2004 14,993 10.4 7,118 5.0 2005 Demographics 14,855 10.1 7,392 5.0 2006 14,973 10.0 7,344 4.9 2007 2008 14,641 9.6 7,424 4.9 2009 13,771 8.9 7,729 5.0 2010 8.8 8,136 5.2 13,757 2011 13,757 8.6 7,773 4.9 2012 13,114 8.2 7,598 3.6 2013 13,207 8.2 7,248 4.5 2014 13,699 8.4 6,943 4.2 4.1 6,817 8.2 13,500 2015 * Rate per 1,000 population. Idaho Vital Statistics 2015, Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Division of Public Health, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics, December 2016. Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Fort Sherman Officer’s Quarters CHAPTER 11: Demographics 383

394 Rankings in the US and Northwest US NW* Value Social Welfare 14.8% 25 % of Population in Poverty (2014) 4 33 3 $2,516 Per Capita Social Security Payment (2013) 16.6% 30 3 % of Population in Medicare (2013) 2,639 49 Recipients of TANF Payments (2015) 6 % Change in TANF recipients (2014-2015) 15 4 -7.3 11.9% 35 % of SNAP Recipients (2015) 4 Health Community Hospitals Per 100,000 Population (2014) 2.4 15 3 Birth Rate Per 1,000 Population (2014) 14 7 2 Teen Birth Rate, % of All Births (2013) 6.4 4 27 27.8% 6 Births to Unmarried Women, % of All Births (2014) 48 65 44 Abortions Per 1,000 Live Births (2014) 6 Deaths (2012) 12,434 40 5 Cancer Deaths (2015) 2,790 40 5 Heart Disease Deaths (2013) 42 5 2,495 Suicide Deaths (2013) 308 38 5 AIDS Deaths (2013) 7 43 5 Percent of Adults Overweight (2013) 65% 24 1 56.9% % of Chilren (19-35 months) Fully Immunized (2014) 5 45 Crime & Law Enforcement Violent Crimes Per 100,000 Population (2014) 5 204 43 42 2 6 Murders Per 100,000 Population (2014) 11 1 State Prisoner Incarceration per 100,000 Population (2014) 489 22 3 12 Death Row Inmates (2013) 17 38 1 Law Officers per 10,000 Population (2014) $253 5 33 Per Capita State & Local Expenditures for Police (2013) $199 24 6 Per Capita State & Local Expenditures for Corrections (2013) Population Estimates Population (2015) 1,654,930 39 5 Percent Change (2014 - 2015) 1.2% 11 5 Persons Per Square Mile 20 5 44 93.5% 5 % White Population (2014) 1 % Hispanic Population (2014) 10.1% 20 5 2030 Popluation (projected) 1,969,624 37 5 3 2000-2015 % Population Change (projected) 6 18.0% Net Domestic Migration (2014 - 2015) 6,880 15 4 Population per U.S. House Seat (2016) 827,456 4 2 5 Population per State Legislator (2016) 15,761 39 *Idaho’s rank relative to the state’s six neighbors: Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. Values are Ranked from High to Low (Highest = 1) Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends IDAHO BLUE BOOK 384

395 The Basque People in Idaho Demographics Basque Musicians at Jaialdi Photo Courtesy of Idaho Tourism The singular remarkable fact about the government in the city of Vito ria-Gaste iz. Basques is that they still exist. In 1896, Navarre has its own, separate, autonomous Lewy D’Abartiague observed in his study community. Basque names first started appearing of their origins: here in the late 1800’s. Although it was not “This people is perhaps the only one in the world, at the least, the only one in something they had done in their home- Europe, whose origin remains absolutely land, many began working as sheepherders unknown. It is strange to think at the end of as the English and Scots had a lot of sheep the 19th century, which has been so fertile on and needed workers. Some Basques also the subject of origins, that these few people worked in mining and logging. They were still remain a mystery.” known to be honest, hard working people, he vast majority of the Basques T and more and more came to this area as living in the Boise area came from the work was available. Today, the “Basque Block” in down - province of Bizkaia. Bizkaia is the most town Boise reflects the very close-knit, ac - westerly of the seven territories making tive Basque community. Buildings between up the Basque Country (Euskadi or Euskal 6th and Capitol Boulevard on Grove Street Herria in the Basque language). Three of house a number of businesses which are these territories, or provinces – Lapurdi, used for various activities, but are all im - Behenafarroa and Zuberoa – today belong portant in keeping the Basque culture alive to France. The other four – Alava, Biscay, in Boise. Through the art of traditional Guipuzcoa and Navarre (Araba, Bizkaia, Basque dance, the Oinkari Basque Danc - Gipuzkoa and Nafarroa) – are in Spain. ers have shared their culture locally and Of the Spanish territories, Alava, Biscay and Guipuzcoa currently form the Basque globally since the early 1960’s. autonomous community, which has its own Source: www.boisebasques.com CHAPTER 11: Demographics 385

396 Hispanics in Idaho Idaho Latin Expo Photo Courtesy of Idaho Commission on Hispanic Affairs however, all that began to change. After Twenty-first century Idaho has quickly enduring several years of nomadic life, if become one of the nation’s most popular the opportunities emerged, many of these destinations for Mexican immigration. families settled permanently in Idaho But Mexican immigration to the Snake where they sought to make a better life for River basin long predates Idaho statehood. themselves and their children. To encourage Mexicans who became Americans after migrants to come to Idaho, the Legislature the U.S. conquered their territory in 1848 created the Governor’s Migratory Labor have lived in Idaho since the 1860s. They Committee. The committee oversaw modest were miners, muleteers, ranchers, cowboys attempts to improve housing conditions and laborers. The 1870 census counted 60 and issued annual reports. Disturbed by Latinos living in the Idaho Territory, most their increasing awareness of the dire of whom were of Mexican descent. conditions under which migrants lived, For Idaho growers and the state’s Protestant religious organizations formed political leaders, Mexican Americans proved the Southern Idaho Migrant Ministry the ideal farm workers. They supplied (SIMM) to pressure government and the their own transportation, had the requisite farm industry to improve conditions. agricultural skills and experience, worked for lower wages than locals, made few if The census for 1950, 1960 and beyond any demands on social services and moved demonstrates the demographic changes on when the task was completed. Essential that occurred. Census figures should be to the prosperity of the state’s agricultural used with a certain amount of caution. sector, they were almost invisible. With that in mind, of a total population of 588,637 in 1950, census enumerators In the decades of the 1950s and 1960s, IDAHO BLUE BOOK 386

397 (continued) Hispanics in Idaho Encouraged by the civil rights movement counted 2,365 people of “Spanish descent.” of the 1960s, activists in Idaho’s Latino Only 326 claimed to have been born in community pushed hard to create their Mexico. When it is remembered that the own organizations that would address their 1920 census found 1,215 people living in community’s concerns. One of those formed the state who were born in Mexico it would in 1971 was the Idaho Migrant Council. appear that the Mexican-born population of Run by a board of Mexican American farm Idaho was in decline by 1950. That may be workers, over the past 34 years the Idaho true, but 10 years later the Mexican-born Migrant Council has fought for improved segment of the population rose dramatically housing, better health care, and greater to 1,010, or one-third of a population of educational opportunities for the members 3,341 of “Spanish descent,” out of a total of its community. Since 1970, economic state population of 667,191. As in the 1920s opportunities for Mexican immigrants and and 1930s, as well as the 1950s and 1960s, for Mexican Americans have expanded. newspaper accounts, company records and While 95 percent of farm workers are still other sources provide a picture of a constant Mexican nationals or Mexican Americans, and growing presence of seasonal Mexican economic opportunities have opened up in American agricultural workers who came every conceivable field. Mexican Americans and went with the demands of the planting Demographics can be found in all the professions, in and harvesting cycle. business, government, skilled trades, and As more and more migrants of Mexican more. They are an important and fast heritage found permanent work in Idaho, growing segment of Idaho’s population. they organized community activities Recent census estimates indicate Idaho’s such as parades, fiestas, and dances that Hispanic population at 138,870. expressed their unique cultural identity. Excerpted with permission from an article written by Errol D. Jones, Ph.D. which appeared in the Fall 2005 edition of Idaho Issues Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society North Fork Payette River Bridge (Rainbow Bridge) CHAPTER 11: Demographics 387

398 Hispanic Heritage Month Photo Courtesy of Idaho Commission on Hispanic Affairs 388 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

399 Idaho’s Native American Tribes The Coeur d’Alene Tribe Demographics 2017 Coeur d’Alene Tribal Council Seated(L to R): Margaret SiJohn, Leta Campbell, Cynthia Williams, Charlotte Nilson Standing (L to R): Don Sczenski, Treasurer; Chief Allan, Chairman; Ernie Stensgar, Vice Chairman History and Demographics oday, the Coeur d’Alene Tribe has T name, “Coeur d’Alene” was given more than 2,400 enrolled members, The to the tribe in the late 18th or early 19th approximately 1,500 of whom live on the century by French traders and trappers. reservation. In French, it means “Heart of the Awl,” Government referring to the sharpness of the trading Tribal Government consists of a seven- skills exhibited by tribal members in member tribal council elected by the their dealings with visitors. However, tribal membership. Each council position the Coeur d’Alene people call themselves serves a three-year term. The Chairman, Schitsu’umsh, or “The ones who were Vice Chairman and Secretary-Treasurer found here” because they have lived in the positions are one year terms elected each region since time immemorial. year by the tribal council. The Coeur d’Alene The Tribe’s aboriginal territory Tribal Council has sovereign authority stretched more than 5 million acres over the 345,000 acre reservation. Their from eastern Washington, across north responsibilities include maintaining a Idaho and into western Montana and the government-to-government relationship Coeur d’Alene people lived off the land, with federal and state governments, as well streams and lakes. Located in Kootenai as working with elected officials from city and Benewah Counties in north Idaho, and county governments on and around the Coeur d’Alene Indian Reservation was the reservation. established by an Executive Order in 1873. The Tribal government operates The reservation features mountains, lakes, through nineteen departments that timber, and fertile farm land. collectively provide services to tribal CHAPTER 11: Demographics 389

400 (continued) The Coeur d’Alene Tribe members and the community, including proudly opened its brand new, $17.3 the Tribal Police Department, Tribal million state-of-the-art facility in the Housing Authority, natural resources fall of 2012. Today, the BMC serves protection and conservation, employment, about approximately 35,000 patient and road and infrastructure maintenance. visits annually and continues to provide quality healthcare to anyone who needs Economic Impact it, regardless of their ability to pay. The Coeur d’Alene Tribe is the second Approximately half of the BMC’s patients largest employer in northern Idaho with are non-tribal. nearly 2,000 employees working in the T he Tribe has also operated the tribe’s various government and business Benewah Wellness Center since 1998. operations. Roughly 60% of the tribe’s The Wellness Center, a $5 million fitness employees are non-native. As a result of facility that covers 43,000 square feet, tribal operations, including government, completes an award-winning medical hospitality, gaming and other business operation that has evolved to be a national operations, 4,360 jobs are created in the model for both Indian health care and rural region. health care. The Tribe’s economic impact on Idaho’s economy is approximately $330 A Legacy of Giving and Community million and the tribe’s operations account Involvement Giving back to the community has generates approximately $13 million been part of the Tribe’s culture since the in taxes to the state, county and local beginning of time. In 1992, the leadership governments. The Tribe has grown its operations of the Coeur d’Alene Tribe voluntarily steadily over the past two decades. After committed 5% of net gaming revenues to bringing gaming to the Coeur d’Alene support education in the region annually, reservation, the Tribe has continued to both on and off the reservation. Since then, add on to the Casino, with the most recent the Tribe has given more than $24 million $75 million expansion completed in 2011. to schools, school districts, universities The Circling Raven Golf Club has received and nonprofit organizations across the international accolades and the hospitality state and the Inland Northwest region. at the Coeur d’Alene Resort Hotel is second The Tribe is proud to continue its support to none. year after year and annual donations each In addition to the 1,000 jobs provided year have been more than $1 million per at the Coeur d’Alene Casino Resort Hotel, year since 2005. In addition to its commitment to Spa Ssakwa’q’n, and the Circling Raven education, the Tribe supports many of the Golf Club, the Tribe provides a vast array nonprofit organizations in the community of job opportunities to those living in and around the state by donating to north Idaho through the Benewah Medical events, fundraisers, capital campaigns, and Wellness Center, the Coeur d’Alene and charitable causes, including a $1 Tribal Farm, Coeur d’Alene Tribe Physical million commitment to the Salvation Army Therapy LLC, the Benewah Market and Ace Ray & Joan Kroc Center in Coeur d’Alene Hardware, Red Spectrum Communications, and support for the Boys & Girls Club of and the Benewah Automotive Center. Kootenai County. A National Model for Rural Healthcare Decades ago, all people who lived in the The Coeur d’Alene Tribe area, tribal and non-tribal, had poor access 850 A Street to quality healthcare. The Coeur d’Alene PO Box 408 Tribe first opened the Benewah Medical Plummer ID 83851 Center (BMC) in the early 1990s after 208-686-1800 seeing the poor state of healthcare and www.cdatribe-nsn.gov access to medical care in the communities on and around the reservation. Narrative and photo courtesy of The Coeur e medical center has grown and Th d’Alene Tribe evolved over the years and the Tribe IDAHO BLUE BOOK 390

401 The Kootenai Tribe Demographics Kootenai Tribal Council Seated in front: Kym Cooper, Council Member; Amethyst Aitken, Council Member Standing (L to R): Duane Saunders, Treasurer; Jennifer Porter, Vice Chairwoman; Gary Aitken, Jr., Chairman; Velma Bahe, Tribal Council Secretary; Ron Abraham, Council Member The Kootenai Tribe of Idaho is a The Kootenai people lived in peace until the arrival of strangers who spoke a new sovereign nation governed by the Kootenai language and used guns to get their way. Tribal Council. This nine-person board is comprised of nine adult Kootenai Tribal They wanted the Native Americans to sign a treaty and move to the reservations. The members, and includes a Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer. Kootenai people kept the Covenant, and no There are also three general Tribal Council Kootenai ever signed the treaty. It was a difficult time. The U.S.- members and two alternate Tribal Council Canadian border split the people into members. The Kootenai Tribe of Idaho is divided seven communities. Despite promises that into three districts based on family groups. the lands along the Kootenai River would Members of the Kootenai Tribal Council always belong to the tribe, that land kept are selected from the districts from which being taken away. Horrible new diseases they are members. Elected officials serve killed many tribal members. The struggle a four-year term. for their homeland went on. Kootenai elders pass down the history On September 20, 1974, following years of loss of their aboriginal lands, of the beginning of time, which tells that the 67 remaining Kootenais declared war the Kootenai people were created by on the United States. Although it was a Quilxka Nupika, the supreme being, and placed on earth to keep the Creator-Spirit’s peaceful war, the publicity got the nation’s Covenant – to guard and keep the land attention and at long last the Kootenais forever. were deeded 12.5 acres of land. Things CHAPTER 11: Demographics 391

402 The Kootenai Tribe (continued) took a positive turn for the tribe. During all those terrible years, the In 1986, the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho Kootenais never lost sight of their original purpose – to be the guardians of the land celebrated the first major step in their forever. They continue to work to that economic independence – the Kootenai purpose. River Inn. The Inn is wholly owned by the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho Kootenai Tribe, which is very proud of the PO Box 1269 fine facility. Bonners Ferry ID 83805 The tribal elders hand down the skills 208-267-3519 and traditions of the ancestors, and many www.kootenai.org tribal members still speak the Kootenai language. Tribal customs and culture are Narrative and photo courtesy of The preserved for future generations. Kootenai Tribe The Nez Perce Tribe The Nez Perce Tribe is federally Basin and their tributaries. The present day recognized as a sovereign government reservation boundaries were established with headquarters located in by the Treaty of 1863 and cover Lapwai, Idaho. There are 750,000 acres. This treaty was approximately 3,500 Nez one of three treaties entered Perce Tribal members, into with the United States two-thirds of whom government. The other live on or near the treaties were the original reservation. The name Treaty of 1855 as well “Nez Perce” was given as the Treaty of 1868. to the Tribe through These treaties reserved an interpreter with the rights that the Nez 1805 Lewis and Clark Perce Tribe have always expedition. The French possessed. These include the Canadians interpreted the right to hunt, gather and graze meaning as “Pierced Nose.” However livestock and the right to fish in all this cultural practice was not common to usual and accustomed places. The Nez Perce Tribe is governed by the the Nimi’ipuu. which is how the Nez Perce Nez Perce Tribal Executive Committee or refer to themselves. Nimi’ipuu means the NPTEC. NPTEC consists of nine members “real people” or “we the people”. Anthropological evidence documents that are elected to three year terms by a that the Nimi’ipuu have inhabited their vote of the tribal membership each May homelands for well over 11,000 years. known as the General Council. As is stated The traditional homeland of the Nimi’ipuu in the 1948 constitution adopted by the is North Central Idaho, including areas in Nez Perce Tribe, it is the obligation of the Southeastern Washington, Northeastern NPTEC to protect the health and welfare Oregon with usual and accustomed areas of the Nez Perce people by protecting in Western Montana and Wyoming. and preserving treaty rights, sovereign The Nimi’ipuu aboriginal territory authority, and culture of the Nez Perce was approximately 17 million acres Tribe. The Nez Perce Tribe of today is or approximately 70 thousand square a complex and varied governmental kilometers or 27 thousand square miles; structure that has an impact and influence including the Clearwater River Basin, the in a wide variety of areas in the states of South and Middle forks of the Salmon River IDAHO BLUE BOOK 392

403 (continued) The Nez Perce Tribe Idaho, Washington and Oregon. The Nez health and human services, education and cultural resources. Perce Tribe have adapted to the demands of modern society by using its past history The current Chairman of the Nez Perce Tribal Executive Committee is Anthony and tradition as a guide. The Nez Perce Johnson. Tribe is the second largest employer in Nez Perce Tribal Executive Committee the region and employs over 900 people PO Box 305 at various locations across the reservation Lapwai ID 83540 as well as in McCall, Idaho; Clarkston, 208-843-2253 Washington; and Joseph, Oregon. Major www.nezperce.org departments within the government Narrative courtesy of The Nez Perce Tribe include a Natural Resources, Fisheries, Demographics Artifacts, Nez Perce National Historical Park Photo Courtesy of Idaho Tourism CHAPTER 11: Demographics 393

404 The Shoshone – Bannock Tribes Early trappers and settlers reported animals. The Nez Perce national Historic the presence of Shoshone-Bannock people Trail follows the route that Chief Joseph at the headwaters of the Salmon in and his band took in 1877 when they techniques for harvesting fish the Stanley crossed through the park. Many other Basin, “they subsist upon the flesh of elk, Native American Indian trails followed routes around the geyser basins, in some deer and bighorns and upon salmon..” of the same locations as our current road In the early 1830s, the lower reaches system. This helps disprove an old myth of the Snake and its adjoining tributaries, that said Native Americans were afraid of the Boise, Payette, and Weiser to the east Yellowstone’s geysers. In fact, Sheepeater and the Owyhee, Malheur and Burnt to Indians used the geysers to help soften the west continued to be highly productive bighorn sheep horns so they could be made fisheries for the Shoshone-Bannock people. into bows. Descendants of the Sheepeaters, The descriptions indicate substantial yields, a Shoshone group, were moved to the sophisticated techniques for harvesting fish Wind River Shoshone reservation in Fort and large scale efforts to preserve and store Washakie, Wyoming, and the Shoshone the catches for trade and for subsistence -Bannock reservation at Fort Hall, Idaho. in off-seasons. There is evidence to suggest that the Spring found Bannocks and Shoshones Shoshone and Bannock tribes made use broken into smaller groups for hunting of the horse as early as 1690-1700 in and in late spring and summer traveling the plains, the Columbia River, and the to fisheries for salmon. During the northern plains. The acquisition of the midsummer and fall, the primary activity was the hunt for buffalo and other game horse allowed the Shoshones and Bannocks to extend their range northward in pursuit animals. At this time of year, roots and plants were also collected. of game, perhaps as far as Saskatchewan. Lewis and Clark kept journals of the The horse may have changed their land Indians encountered. The first meeting of use patterns, allowing for more freedom the expedition and the Lemhi-Shoshones and range. In the winter months the primary food occurred on August 13, 1805 just north of Lemhi; trading for food and other items. was dried meat taken from the fall hunts Lewis’ journal described his encounter with of buffalo, elk, and deer, as well as roots an Indian, “ he gave me a small morsel and berries that could be found within the of the flesh of an antelope boiled, and a region of the winter camp. or the Bannock, this camp was usually F piece of fresh salmon roasted; both which I eat with a very good relish.” While the made on the Snake River above Idaho Falls horse was important for hunting larger at the mouth of Henry’s Fork. Mule deer game, the Shoshone and Bannock also and cottontail rabbits which wintered in utilized smaller animals, beaver, buffalo this area provided an additional source of deer, antelope skins and ermine skins were subsistence. Historically, the Shoshones used for decorating clothing. Elk horns wintered apart from the Bannocks. They were used to sharpen knives and arrow tended to spend the winter on the Portneuf points, the horns of buffalo and bighorn River between Pocatello and McCammon, sheep were made into utensils, such as Id. Many Native American tribes have had spoons and shields were often made of buffalo hide. a long relationship with the Yellowstone S hoshone and Bannock people have National Park area. The Bannock Trail historically utilized the hides of buffalo, which runs across the northern part deer, elk, and used the elk teeth, bones of the park was used for over 11,000 and hooves of these animals to decorate years by tribes hunting bison and other IDAHO BLUE BOOK 394

405 (continued) The Shoshone – Bannock Tribes warriors or other band leaders. Today, the their clothing. The Bannock have created bonnets are used for ceremonial purposes, designs that are intricate patterns that including dances, parades and other tribal reflect the colors of nature. Shoshones have gatherings. historically utilized floral patterns and the Shoshone-Bannock Business Council Inc. colors of nature. Today, however, both PO Box 306 groups have blended designs that continue Fort Hall ID 83203 the excellent craftsmanship and beadwork 208-238-3700 that excels above other Tribes’ work. www.shoshonebannocktribes.com Eagle feather war bonnets are worn by Narrative courtesy of Louise Dixey and The Shoshone and Bannock men. Historically, Shoshone-Bannock Tribe these reflected the accomplishments of The Shoshone – Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation expanded homelands and campsites which The Tribes once freely occupied the were located off the reservation. In 1884, lands of their forefathers and foremothers an effort to move the Western Shoshone in the tri-state area of what are now Idaho, Demographics to the Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho (and Nevada and Oregon. This however quickly open up Duck Valley lands for non-Indian changed at the coming of the populations homesteads) was successfully resisted by from Europe. Land and resources were the headmen of the bands. wrestled away from the Shoshone and Paiute. Treaties were made with the The Northern Paiute bands became United States of which some were ratified allied with their kin the Bannock in and others not. The chiefs signed all the the Bannock War of 1878 and were treaties in good faith and for the survival subsequently sent to a prisoner of war of their people. camp in Yakima, Washington. Upon their release, the survivors were returned to their Descendents of the Western Shoshone homelands. It was at this time in 1886 that and the Northern Paiute occupy the Duck President Grover Cleveland expanded the Valley Indian Reservation of Idaho and Western Shoshone reservation. Nevada. Various bands of the two closely related tribes have jointly utilized the area The tribal bands located at Duck Valley from time immemorial. existed as best as they were allowed under the watchful eye of the Indian Agent and pril 16, 1877, United States On A Indian Police. Farming and ranching was President Rutherford B. Hayes established the mainstay for the people. The Shoshone the reservation for the Western Shoshone and Paiute united at Duck Valley under and on May 4, 1886, United States the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 President Grover Cleveland expanded and formed a tribal government through the Reservation for the Northern Paiute a Constitution and Bylaws which was through respective Executive Orders. adopted in 1936. On July 1, 1910 United States President William H. Taft further expanded the From 1884 through 1911 a boarding reservation by yet another Executive Order. school operated on the reservation. Thereafter 3 day schools were operated in In the early days of the Duck Valley three separate locations on the reservation. reservation the people lived in earthen In Owyhee, the Swayne School was built. willow and sagebrush huts. Respective In 1931 the day schools were closed and bands of Western Shoshone occupied all students attended the Swayne School. and revolved on and off the reservation Students of the higher grades were sent to depending on their survival needs and off reservation boarding schools until 1946 because of the unfulfilled promises of food when high school classes were added. In and supplies from the federal government. 1956 the reservation school system was Some bands adapted as best they could and consolidated into the Elko County School others did not want to readily leave their CHAPTER 11: Demographics 395

406 (continued) The Shoshone – Paiute Tribes Services, Judicial Services, Tribal Programs District of Nevada and today is known as and Support Services. the Owyhee Combined Schools (K-12). Recently, a Community Education Center Fa rming and Ranching are still was placed in Owyhee for GED and higher mainstays for Duck Valley and is reflected education courses. in the 12,000 acres of subjugated lands. The Duck Valley Reservation is composed The first full time physician was of 289,819 acres held in trust by the assigned to Duck Valley in 1882 and by United States Government for the use and 1897 a small one-room infirmary hospital occupancy of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes. was built and was replaced by 1920 with a Wildhorse Reservoir was constructed structure which had two seven bed wards. in 1936 for the Duck Valley Irrigation In July of 1937 the native stone hospital Project. Tribal membership is over 1800 was completed with a 20 bed ward, with approximately 1200 living on x-ray and laboratory facilities. The native the reservation. The Shoshone-Paiute stone hospital was closed in 1976 when Tribes of Duck Valley continue to exist the modern Owyhee Community Health within the original territories of their Facility was completed. The Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of Duck ancestors. Valley are governed by the Business Council. The Business Council is composed Cir: 2004 Lindsey W. Manning of a Chairman, Vice Chairman and five Shoshone Paiute Business Council Council Members, all of whom are elected Duck Valley Reservation to serve three-year terms. The Business PO Box 219 Council directs the Tribal government. The Owyhee NV 89832 Chairman manages the operations of Tribal 702-757-3161 government with assistance from the Chief shopaitribes.com Executive Officer. There are four divisions Narrative courtesy of The Shoshone - Paiute of tribal administration: Health & Human Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation Col. E.M. Heigho House Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society IDAHO BLUE BOOK 396

407 Recreation Rafting on the Payette Photo courtesy of Jeff Harvey

408 Source: Idaho State Parks and Recreation Website: www.parksandrecreation.idaho.gov 398 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

409 Bear Lake Castle Rocks Bear Lake State Park is located in a high Castle Rocks, nestled in Big Cove, at the mountain valley in the extreme southeast base of the 10,339-foot Cache Peak, offers corner of Idaho. At 5,900 feet elevation, the diverse recreational opportunities in a magnificent setting. It is a place where park offers a wide variety of both summer and winter recreation opportunities. Bear solitude, natural beauty, and ranching Lake itself is 20 miles long and 8 miles heritage combine to enrich the visitor’s experience. The park is located two wide with half of the lake in Idaho and half in Utah. The lake is a water sports Mecca miles northwest of the village of Almo attracting boaters, water skiers, and beach in southern Cassia County, Idaho. Until lovers from all over the country. All that 1999, the 1,240-acre ranch was privately inviting water is hard to resist. Swimmers owned. The Conservation Fund, and the will enjoy a two-mile-long beach on the Access Fund, purchased the property to be placed in public ownership. Congress north end of the lake, plus a 1-1/2 mile beach on the east side. The gradual slope passed the Castle Rock Ranch Acquisition of the lake bottom provides an enormous Act on November 1, 2000. An additional swimming area. Ramps are available for 200 acres, connecting the Ranch Unit to boaters and water skiers who want to enjoy the base of Cache Peak, was purchased in 2007. Today, the Idaho Department of the water, too. Anglers can try for a native cutthroat or lake trout in the summer. Parks and Recreation (IDPR), Bureau of Land Management, and the USDA Forest In the winter, they can come back with buckets and nets when the Bonneville Service, manage the Castle Rocks area in cisco run. The fish is found nowhere else partnership. Visitors may see remnants of on Earth. the ranch that was first homesteaded in 1888. The irrigation ditches and pasture Address: 3rd North 10th East St.Charles, ID 83272 are still in use today. Efforts are underway Recreation to convert the 1912 brick house into a Bed Phone: (208) 945-2325 & Breakfast. Castle Rocks is a special place Bruneau Dunes where time stands still and the user is a The tallest sand dune rises 470 feet above respectful guest. small lakes in the high desert south of Address: 748 East 2800 South Mountain Home. The state park includes Almo, ID 83312 desert, dune, prairie, lake and marsh Phone: (208) 824-5901 habitat with opportunities to observe nocturnal species. Activities include fishing, City of Rocks National Reserve birdwatching, camping, hiking, swimming On his way to California in 1849, emigrant and viewing the stars at one of only two James F. Wilkens described the dramatic public observatories in Idaho. Feel free to geological area he encountered as “City climb but no vehicles are allowed on the of Rocks.” The name remains, as well as dunes. A visitor center offers information hundreds of pioneer inscriptions, wagon on birds of prey, insects, fossils, wildlife ruts, and journal accounts, testifying to and the sand dunes. A variety of gift items the nearly quarter-million people who are available for purchase. Two cabins are traveled through here between 1843 and available for rent. Also 82 serviced with 1869. Visitors today will see nearly the W/E and 31 standard sites. The Equestrian same scene - granite spires and monoliths Area provides facilities for visitors to camp reaching 60 stories tall. Geologists estimate with their horses and there is a 9-mile the oldest granite to exceed 2.5 billion riding trail around the park. years. Established in 1988 as a national Address: 27608 Sand Dunes Rd. reserve, City of Rocks encompasses 14,407 Mountain Home, ID 83647 acres of land (about one quarter is privately Phone: (208) 366-7919 owned) and is reneowned for its scenic, CHAPTER 12: Recreation 399

410 Parish House and an historic cemetery. geologic, and historic significance. The The visitor center includes a gift shop and City of Rocks area was an important an interpretive movie about the history of landmark on the California Trail. City the Mission and the Coeur d’Alene Indians. of Rocks is one of the finest granite-face Location: Cataldo, ID, Northern Idaho, climbing sites anywhere. Climbers find one mile east of Cataldo, I-90 off Exit 39 the younger granite of the Almo Pluton Address: Exit 39 I-90 to be some of the best rock they’ve ever Phone: (208) 682-3814 ascended. About 700 routes have been developed to date. City of Rocks also Dworshak has ample access to hiking, mountain Dworshak State Park is located among biking, and horseback riding. The winter trees and meadows on the western shore of months provide excellent opportunities for Dworshak Reservoir. The park is comprised snowshoeing and skiing. of three units - Freeman Creek, Three Address: 3035 S. Elba-Almo Rd. Meadows Group Camp, and Big Eddy Almo, ID 83312 Lodge and Marina. Camping, boating, Phone: (208) 824-5901 fishing, swimming, hiking and water- skiing are just some of the many activities Coeur d’Alene Parkway that await park visitors. A boat ramp and Walkers, hikers and bikers love this linear handling dock provide easy launching most park that follows the north shore of of the year. A fish-cleaning station is nearby beautiful Lake Coeur d’Alene. The Coeur d’ to help with the day’s catch. Alene Parkway lies along the north shore of Address: 9934 Freeman Creek Lake Coeur d’Alene, following Centennial Lenore, ID 83541 Trail east from Coeur d’Alene to Higgens Phone: (208) 476-5994 Point. At Higgens Point there is a boat- launch facility, a picnic area overlooking Eagle Island the lake, and docks. Over 1,000 feet of Eagle Island is a 545-acre day-use park public shoreline parallels the path. Also west of Boise that features a popular available are an exercise court, roadside swimming beach, a grassy picnic area, a picnic tables, toilet facilities and benches waterslide and more than five miles of for those who wish to stop and enjoy the equestrian trails for those looking for a lake view. place to ride horses. Waterslide is open Phone: (208) 699-2224 weekends from 12pm - 8 pm during the summer. Horseshoe pits and a volleyball Coeur d’Alene’s Old Mission area complete the park. The oldest standing building in all of Idaho Address: 165 S. Eagle Island Pkwy is found here, in the Coeur d’Alene’s Old Eagle, ID 83616 Mission State Park. The Mission of the Phone: (208) 939-0696 Sacred Heart or Sacred Heart Mission was constructed between 1850 and 1853 by Farragut Catholic missionaries and members of the Farragut State Park is located 30 miles Coeur d’Alene Tribe. Listed on the National north of Coeur d’Alene on the shores of Register of Historic Places, the Sacred Lake Pend Oreille, Idaho’s largest lake. Heart Mission and the Coeur d’Alene’s Old Once the world’s second largest naval Mission State Park provide an educational training station, today the 4,000-acre experience not found anywhere else, giving park provides a multitude of recreation visitors an opportunity to examine the opportunities. To the traditional activities dynamics and complexities between Jesuit of picnicking, swimming, boating, hiking missionaries and the tribal people among and camping, visitors can add playing disc whom they settled. The park features the golf, visiting the Farragut Naval Training Sacred Heart Mission building, a restored Center Museum, taking advantage of the IDAHO BLUE BOOK 400

411 are camping-cabins also available for rent. orienteering course, model airplane flyer’s During winter, information on Henrys field, taking the kids to the playground, Lake can be obtained by calling Harriman d and using the horseshoe pits and san State Park. volleyball courts. Address: 3917 E. 5100 N. Address: 13550 E. Hwy. 54 Island Park, ID 83429 Athol, ID 83801 Phone: (208) 558-7532 Phone: (208) 683-2425 Heyburn Harriman Heyburn State Park is the oldest park in Harriman State Park lies within an the Pacific Northwest. Created in 1908, 16,000-acre wildlife refuge in the greater it is comprised of approximately 5,500 Yellowstone Ecosystem. Moose, Elk, acres of land and 2,300 acres of water. and Sandhill Cranes are common, as is The park includes three lakes; Chatcolet, North America’s largest waterfowl, the Benewah, and Hidden Lakes, with the Trumpeter Swan. Known as one of the shadowy St. Joe River meandering along best fly-fishing streams in the nation, the the eastern boundary of the park. Natural Henrys Fork meanders for eight miles and cultural history is plentiful at Heyburn. through Harriman. Over 20 miles of trails Before it was a park, the general area was are available for hiking, biking, horseback a gathering place for the Coeur d’ Alene riding, and cross county skiing. Guided Indian tribe. In the 1930’s, the park was horseback tours are offered by a park a Civilian Conservation Corps camp and vendor, Dry Ridge Outfitters, 208-558- those hardworking crews built many of the RIDE (7433). park’s buildings. Heyburn is a natural park Address: 3489 Green Canyon Road with a variety of different habitats. Large, Island Park, ID 83429 tall Ponderosa pines tower over grassy Phone: (208) 558-7368 hillsides covered in wildflowers. On shadier Hells Gate slopes, cedar trees mix with hemlocks and Hells Gate State Park is the gateway to Recreation huge white pines. On the edges of the both Idaho’s Lewis and Clark country and lakes, the wetland/marsh areas are home to Hells Canyon, the deepest river gorge in to many types of wildflowers and plants. North America. Shady campsites along the Address: 57 Chatcolet Rd. Snake River make comfortable base-camps Plummer, ID 83851 for exploration of the surrounding area. Jet Phone: (208) 686-1308 boat excursions into Hells Canyon leave on Lake Cascade a regular basis from the park’s docks. The Lake Cascade State Park provides diverse Nez Perce National Historic Park is only 30 and exciting recreational opportunities minutes away. A wide choice of restaurants throughout all four seasons. Popular for and shopping are just minutes away, in all types of boating, prevailing winds on nearby Lewiston Idaho. the water make it especially well suited Address: 5100 Hells Gate Rd. for sailing and windsurfing. Rainbow Lewiston, ID 83501 Phone: (208) 799-5015 trout, Coho salmon, small mouth bass and perch can be caught from the shore Henry’s Lake or by boat in the summer or through the Located just 15 miles west of Yellowstone ice in the winter. Hiking, bird watching, National Park, this high mountain lake is photography, mountain biking, all types the kind of place fishermen dream about. of boating, ice fishing, snowmobiling, cross The state park, named after explorer Major country skiing, and just plain relaxing are Andrew Henry, opens the Thursday before all easily accessible from Lake Cascade Memorial Day and closes mid-October, State Park. Lake Cascade offers two weather permitting. Anglers fish for group camping opportunities, including cutthroat, brook and rainbow-cutthroat Snowbank group camp and Osprey Point hybrid trout. The park has a modern group yurts, 250 individual campsites in fish cleaning station near the boat ramp. 8 developed campgrounds (with power, Camping is at one of 44 sites and there CHAPTER 12: Recreation 401

412 and the Challis Bison Jump. Land of the sewer, and water at Poison Creek and Yankee Fork provides outstanding trail Ridgeview), two dispersed camping areas opportunities from hiking and biking trails with primitive camping, several day use to motorised ATV and Motorbike trails. areas, and 6 boat launch ramps. The Camping in the National Forest and BLM various campgrounds and facilities of the lands is varied as well with both primitive park are dispersed around Lake Cascade’s and developed campsites available forty-one square miles of surface water Address: 24424 Hwy 75 and 86 miles of shoreline. The office for Challis, ID 83226 (PO Box 1086) the park is located in Cascade near the Phone: (208) 879-5244 intersection of Dam Road and Lakeshore Drive. Lucky Peak Address: 970 Dam Road Three distinct day-use units can be found Cascade ID, 83611 (PO Box 709) at this state park, near Lucky Peak Lake. Phone: (208) 382-6544 Discovery Park is a popular roadside park for picnics, walking your pet or fishing in Lake Walcott the Boise River. Sandy Point, at the base Lake Walcott State Park is located at of Lucky Peak Dam is most popular for its the northwest end of the Bureau of sandy beach and clear, cool water. Spring Reclamation’s Lake Walcott Project, a Shores offers lakeside access for water welcome refuge on the edge of Idaho’s enthusiasts by providing two boat ramps, high desert. Water skiing, power boating, parking, a full-service marina, on-site windsurfing, sailing and bird watching watercraft rentals and a convenience store. are only a few of the activities that will Address: 74 Arrowrock Rd. make your stay at Lake Walcott enjoyable. Boise, ID 83716 Camping areas with RV hookups are Phone: (208) 334-2432 available. Picnickers and tenters enjoy the acres of grass beneath groves of stately Massacre Rocks eastern hardwoods. Nearby sites of interest Oregon Trail emigrants referred to the include Minidoka Falls near the park, Massacre Rocks area as “Gate of Death” Rupert City Park, and the historic railroad and “Devil’s Gate”, but modern day community of Minidoka. travelers use terms like beautiful, serene, Address: 959 E. Minidoka Dam and restful to describe the park. The park Rupert, ID 83350 is rich in Oregon Trail, geological, and Phone: (208) 436-1258 natural histories. Rich in history, pioneers used this area, specifically what is now Land of the Yankee Fork referred to as ‘ Register Rock,’ as a rest stop The Land of the Yankee Fork State Park for years. Today we invite horse owners to brings to life Idaho’s frontier mining water and rest their animals in the corral history. This State Park is part of the larger at Register Rock. Many emigrant names Land of the Yankee Fork Historic Area are inscribed on the large rock, which located in scenic central Idaho. Managed is now protected by a weather shelter. by the Idaho Department of Parks and A scenic picnic area surrounds the rock, Recreation, the Salmon-Challis National creating a desert oasis for the modern Forest and the Challis District of the Bureau traveler. The site also includes a horse of Land Management this historic area rest area for highway travelers. Oregon provides unique historical interpretation Trail remnants are most easily seen from and many recreational opportunities. At highway rest areas in either end of the the Yankee Fork Visitor Center near Challis park. For additional information on the there are museum exhibits, a gold panning Oregon Trail visit the Three Island Crossing station, audiovisual programs, and friendly State Park page and the Oregon/California personnel to provide information on Trail Center website. local mining history and area attractions. Address: 3592 N. Park Ln. Also of interest are the ghost towns of American Falls, ID 83211 Bonanza, Custer and Bayhorse, the Yankee Phone: (208) 548-2672 Fork Gold Dredge, the Custer Motorway IDAHO BLUE BOOK 402

413 water, fed by streams cascading from the McCroskey high Selkirk peaks, the main body of Priest This 5300-acre ridgeline park is dedicated Lake extends north south for 19 miles. A to pioneer women. McCroskey State two-mile thoroughfare connects the main Park’s highlight is an 18-mile skyline drive lake to the remote Upper Priest Lake that through the park on unimproved roads is accessible only by foot, mountain bike, providing spectacular views of the rolling or boat. Palouse country and access to 32 miles of Address: 314 Indian Creek Park Rd. multi-purpose trails. Facilities include a Coolin, ID 83821 group day use shelter, primitive camping Phone: (208) 443-2200 areas and picnic areas along the road. The road is not recommended for large RVs Round Lake and may be too rough for your family car. Round Lake State Park is situated in 142 Address: 1291 Chatcolet Rd. acres of forest surrounding a 58-acre lake Plummer, ID 83851 at an elevation of 2,122 feet. The lake is Phone: (208) 686-1308 the product of glacial activity dating back to the Pleistocene Epoch. Flocks of Canada Ponderosa geese pass over towering pine, hemlock Ponderosa State Park covers most of and larch as osprey plunge to the lake for a 1,000-acre peninsula that juts into trout or perch. Robins and raven inspect beautiful Payette Lake near McCall. The the campgrounds while a lake breeze scenic overlook at Osprey Point offers a carries campfire smoke up through the spectacular view of the lake. The park canopy of ponderosa, western red cedar offers hiking and biking trails, guided and paper birch. Close to shore, turtles and walks with park naturalists and evening frogs, beaver and muskrat dart about for campfire programs. The North Beach food amid the reeds and grasses, red alder, Unit has a beach and picnic area. The skunk cabbage and water lilies. Along one Recreation topography ranges from arid sagebrush of three trails, hikers find beaver lodges, flats to dense forests. Wildlife that can dams and ponds and, often, glimpse a be viewed at the park include Canada resident moose. With an afternoon breeze geese, osprey, bald eagles, wood ducks, stirring the lake’s waters, trout jump after mallards, songbirds, deer, moose, beaver, insects as grebe dive under ripples and muskrats and even bear. Winter activities water ouzel dance on logs. Echoing across include Nordic skiing and snowshoeing on the lake is a strange chorus of bullfrog and groomed trails. duck calls, red-winged blackbird screeches, Address: 1920 N. Davis Ave. odd splashes and plops, and the sound of McCall, ID 83638 (PO Box 89) children playing on the beach. Phone: (208) 634-2164 Address: 1880 Dufort Road Priest Lake Sagle, ID 83860 Priest Lake State Park lies just 30 miles Phone: (208) 263-3489 from the Canadian Border, nestled deep Thousand Springs State Park below the crest of the Selkirk Mountains. Thousand Springs State Park, with its Surrounded by the natural beauty of five beautiful units and multiple areas, is Northern Idaho and mile-high mountains, a testament to why the area is called the Priest Lake State Park sits along the eastern Magic Valley. Visitors can view wagon shores of Priest Lake, a 19-mile long, over ruts and bridge abutments at Kelton Trail, 300 foot deep lake. Visitors to the park explore the magnificent Malad Gorge, will enjoy the dense forests of cedar, fir access the riding arena at Billingsley and tamarack and will be able to observe Creek, get writing inspiration at Vardis the park’s year round inhabitants such as Fisher, step back in time and tour historic the whitetail deer, black bear, moose and structures at Ritter Island and Bonnieview, bald eagles. Noted for its extremely clear CHAPTER 12: Recreation 403

414 Address: 1083 S. Three Island Park Drive take in the scenery at Earl M. Hardy Box Glenns Ferry, ID 83623 (PO Box 609) Canyon Springs Nature Preserve, view Phone: (208) 366-2394 Niagara Springs, and fish at Crystal Lake. Day use opportunities abound within the Winchester Lake State Park units of Thousand Springs State Park. Winchester Lake State Park surrounds a Address: 1074 E. 2350 S. 104-acre lake, nestled in a forested area Hagerman, ID 83332 (PO Box 149) at the foot of the Craig Mountains, just off Phone: (208) 837-4505 US 95 adjoining the town of Winchester. Winters at the park are long and cold with Three Island Crossing ample snowfall. Four Yurts are available Three Island Crossing State Park is located for rental all year. Summers are short with on the Snake River at Glenns Ferry. It warm days and cool, refreshing evenings. is home to The Oregon Trail History Ponderosa pine and Douglas fir are the and Education Center where visitors predominant vegetation. Fishing for perch, can learn about pioneer emigrants and tiger muskie, bass and blue gill are popular. Native American history. Oregon Trail Wildlife often seen in the park includes pioneers knew this spot well. It was one white-tailed deer, Canada geese, muskrats, of the most famous river crossings on the Steller’s jay, racoons, osprey, bald eagles, historic trail. Pioneer travelers used the and Columbian ground squirrels. The Wolf three-island crossing until 1869, when Gus Education and Research Center is located Glenn constructed a ferry about two miles one mile from the entrance to the park. upstream. The Glenns Ferry community Address: 1786 Forest Rd, sponsors “Three Island Days”a crossing Winchester ID 83555 commemoration the second Saturday of Phone: (208) 924-7563 each August. Events often include living history presentations and historic skills fair. Photo Courtesy of Jeff Harvey Shoshone Falls IDAHO BLUE BOOK 404

415 Alpine Ski Areas Bald Mountain Ski Resort Brundage Mountain Ski Resort Managed by the Clearwater Ski Club, a Located eight miles north of McCall, local volunteer group, this small resort in ID, and just two hours north of Boise, North Central Idaho has been open since Brundage Mountain Resort features 1500 1959 for skiing and snowboarding in the acres of wide, elegantly-groomed runs, Orofino area. abundant powder glades, and is well Location: 2738 Bald Mountain Road known for having the Best Snow in Idaho . ™ Pierce, ID 83546 Nestled in the scenic mountains of central Contact info: Clearwater Ski Club Idaho, Brundage Mountain Resort offers PO Box 49 the perfect combination of unparalleled Pierce, ID 83546 conditions and the lack of crowds. Be sure (208) 464-2311 at the Hill; to take advantage of our comfortable day (208) 435-4782 in Town; lodge which houses a restaurant, retail, www.skibaldmountain.com and rental shop. Enjoy outstanding views from our new food and beverage outlet at Bogus Basin Ski Resort the top of the Bear Chair, called the Bear’s Bogus Basin Mountain Recreation Area Den. A spacious Kid’s Center hosts day-care has been the Treasure Valley’s winter for children as young as eight weeks old. playground for 66 years. Located 16 miles Our popular ski programs for children go north of Boise, Mother Nature blankets the through age 10 with plenty of options for slopes of Bogus Basin Mountain Recreation adults and older kids. We offer 325 inches Area with 150”-200” of natural snow. The of the Best Snow in IdahoTM, long wide result is 2,600 acres of ski-able, snowboard- runs, and easy access from McCall. The able terrain plus more night skiing terrain fact that there is rarely a crowded day (165 groomed acres)than any other ski at Brundage will help make your winter area in the northwestern U.S. This family- Recreation mountain experience even more enjoyable. friendly recreation area boasts 8 chairlifts Guided backcountry skiing by snowcat is covering 3 mountains, 54 groomed runs as offered on over 19,000 acres. well as ungroomed glades, 3 terrain parks, Location: Southwestern Idaho, day lodges with food & beverage service, 8 miles N. of McCall equipment rental shop, a retail store, ski & Contact info: 3890 Goose Lake Road board school and child care. Nordic skiers McCall, ID 83638 enjoy 37km of groomed trails with 5km Phone: (800) 844-3246; (208) 364-4151 lighted at night as well as a beautiful lodge www.brundage.com featuring limited food service, lessons, a rental shop, waxing bench and fireplace. Cottonwood Butte Ski Resort Snowshoe trail passes and rentals are also The Cottonwood Butte Ski Area is located available from the Nordic Center. The Pepsi in the heart of the Camas Prairie near the GoldRush tubing hill is open weekends and town of Cottonwood, Idaho where the holidays. 2-hour ticket includes tube rental. pleasurable atmosphere on the slopes, The 800-foot plunge offers thrills, and courteous management and friendly the ride back uphill is relaxing. Advanced hospitality is not the exception but the rule. tickets strongly recommended - the 2-hour We offer four major groomed runs and sessions sell out quickly. several powder filled trails among the trees Contact Info: 2600 N. Bogus Basin Road that are served by a 3,000 foot long t-bar. Boise, ID 83702 Our 845 foot vertical drop challenges the Phone: (800) 367-4397; (208) 332-5100 intermediate, advanced and expert skiers and snowboarders. Our bunny slope offers www.bogusbasin.org a gentle 30 foot vertical drop served by a rope tow for the beginner or less confident soul. We offer ski and snowboard rentals, CHAPTER 12: Recreation 405

416 a repair shop, a lunch counter and ski Ski Hill since 1937, when it was used for lessons. Night skiing on Fridays is offered jumping. Night skiing is available on the during the month of January. So take a weekends with Friday family nights and little drive and escape to the Cottonwood Saturday telemark nights. It is run by Butte! volunteers whose goal is the development Contact info: 490 Radar Rd of skiing and snowboarding as lifetime Cottonwood, ID 83522 sports for all ages. This community- Phone: (208) 962-3624; supported ski area offers something for www.cottonwoodbutte.org everyone, with Nordic Skiing at Bear Basin and 405 vertical feet of alpine terrain at Grand Targhee Ski Resort the Little Ski Hill! Grand Targhee Resort is nestled on the Location: Southwestern Idaho, 3 miles west side of Wyoming’s majestic Teton NW of McCall Mountains and receives 500 inches of snow Contact Info: Box 442 annually. Famous for spectacular snow and McCall, ID 83638 magnificent scenery, Grand Targhee offers Phone: (208) 634-5691; skiers two mountains totaling 2400 acres! www.littleskihill.org Four chairlifts on Fred’s Mountain gives access to 1500 acres and 2200 vertical feet. Lookout Pass Ski Area A high-speed quad on Peaked Mountain Lookout Pass, Idaho’s original ski area, accesses open bowls, groomed runs and opened in 1935. The ski area has tripled tree skiing with an additional 602 acres in size since 2003 with the addition of reserved for snowcat skiing. Tubing, 2 new chair lifts. A new lodge addition, snowshoeing, sleigh ride dinners, and food court, and the new “Loft” Pub & Grub spa services make for a complete winter where added in the past couple of years. vacation. Lodging is available slopeside, The region’s Favorite Family Ski Area has as well as off-site in Alta and in Driggs. easy access and great snow - averaging Location: Alta Wyoming via Driggs Idaho 400 inches per year means there’s always Contact Info: 3300 Ski Hill Road great powder skiing with some of the Alta, WY 83414 best tree skiing glades in the west. A new Phone: (307) 353-2300 front side terrain park, “Exit 0”, with rails, www.grandtarghee.com banks, mounds and launches has also been added. A world-class terrain park featuring Kelly Canyon Ski Resort nine notorious 20-foot hits along with a This eastern Idaho resort founded in 1957 1,100-foot long, non-conforming halfpipe, features intermediate terrain, a ski school, and acres of expert tree skiing await your equipment rentals and four lifts serving enjoyment. Lookout’s famous FREE SKI 640 skiable acres. It provides the only night SCHOOL for kids starts early January skiing in eastern Idaho. Terrain is described and runs through mid-March. Visit the as 35% beginner, 45% intermediate and website for the Events Calendar including 20% advanced. Events are held on the our annual Winter Carnival and The mountain throughout the year. Pacific Northwest Wife Carrying Contest. Location: Eastern Idaho, 25 mi. NE of Location: Northern Idaho, 12 miles E. of Idaho Falls Wallace on I-90 Contact Info: 5488 E. Kelly Canyon Road Contact info: Box 108 Ririe, ID 83443 Wallace, ID 83873 Phone: (208) 538-6251; www.skikelly.com Phone: (208) 744-1301 Little Ski Hill www.skilookout.com McCall’s Little Ski Hill is one of the oldest Lost Trail Powder Mountain ski areas developed in Idaho, preceded Located north of Salmon on Hwy. 93 at the only by Sun Valley and Lookout Pass. The Montana border, Lost Trail Ski Area has Payette Lakes Ski Club has maintained a excellent runs for all levels. This ski area non-profit organization status for the Little IDAHO BLUE BOOK 406

417 (Declo/Albion exit #216) then via Idaho is well known for its consistent good base 77, Pomerelle is a relaxed, fun-filled, and light snow. Cafeteria, rentals and ski personalized day resort nestled in the lessons are available at the day lodge and Sawtooth National Forest. With an annual overnight lodging is available in Salmon, snowfall of 500”, it is usually one of the first Idaho. Idaho ski resorts to open and you will enjoy Location: Idaho-Montana border, north virtually no lift lines during the season. of Salmon Pomerelle offers 24 daily groomed ski runs Contact Info: PO Box 311 plus gladed tree skiing and caters to family- Conner, MT 59827 oriented ski/boarding enjoyment. The Ski Phone: (406) 821-3211; School specializes in teaching toddlers www.losttrail.com and family members of all abilities and is Magic Mountain Ski and a PSIA member school. Kids 6 and under Summer Resort ski free with a paying parent. Day Lodge This small ski area near the Twin Falls area offers Cafeteria, Rental Shop for both features great snow, a four-lane tubing hill alpine/snowboard equipment, Accessory with a lift, a 700 ft. vertical drop, a day Shop and Ski Patrol. Terrain park features lodge with a cafeteria, equipment rental and competitive events are scheduled and a lounge. Lodging is available in Twin throughout the winter season. USFS cross Falls. The lodge is available for wedding country nongroomed/nonpatrolled trails/ receptions, reunions and other events. loops are located adjacent to the resort; Location: South Central Idaho, 28 miles complimentary usage. south of Hansen on Rock Creek Road Location: South Central Idaho, near Contact Info: PO Box 1241 Burley, 25 miles off I-84, exit 216, Hwy Twin Falls, ID 83301 77 Phone: (208)736-7669 Contact info: PO Box 158 Recreation www.magicmountainresort.com Albion, ID 83311 Pebble Creek Ski Resort Phone: (208) 673-5599; Pebble Creek is a vertical playground that www.pomerelle.com attracts skiers of all abilities. Located 20 Schweitzer Mountain Resort minutes south of Pocatello in the Caribou With a dazzling view of Lake Pend Oreille, Targhee National Forest, Pebble Creek Schweitzer Mountain Resort lies high in boasts 2200 vertical feet, 1100 skiable the Selkirk Range of the Northwest Rocky acres, 54 runs, virtually non-existent Mountains, where abundant snowfall lift lines and terrain for all levels from buries the slopes in more than 300 beginners to those demanding an honest inches annually. With 2,900 skiable acres, challenge. Terrain is considered 12% Schweitzer is larger than Sun Valley, Alta, beginner, 35% intermediate and 53% Crested Butte and Snowbird. Facilities advanced. include a day lodge, outdoor apparel and Location: Southeastern Idaho, SE of gift shops, a general store, restaurants, Pocatello pubs, cafes, several full bars and a chapel. Contact Info: 3340 E Green Canyon Rd, A ski school, day care, special children’s Inkom, ID 83245 programs and rental services are available. Phone: (208) 775-4452 Snowboarding, cross-country ski trails, cat www.pebblecreekskiarea.com skiing, snowmobiling and tubing are also Email: [email protected] pebblecreekskiarea.com available. On-mountain lodging includes Pomerelle Ski Resort the European-style Selkirk Lodge, the Pomerelle Resort welcomes guests with luxurious White Pine Lodge and numerous great snow, affordable rates, smiles and condo units - affordable studios to superior service. Located just 25 miles off I-84 quality six-bedroom jacuzzi units CHAPTER 12: Recreation 407

418 Location: Northern Idaho, 11 miles north bar and sun deck, a ski shop and a ski school. New at Snowhaven: Snow tubing, of Sandpoint with two runs 780 ft. long with a vertical Contact info: 10,000 Schweitzer drop of 150 ft. Mountain Road Sandpoint, ID 83864 Location: North Central Idaho, SE of Phone: (208) 263-9555 Lewiston www.schweitzer.com Contact info: 225 W North Grangeville, ID 83530 Silver Mountain Ski, Golf and Phone: (208) 983-3866; Waterpark Resort grangeville.us/snowhaven-ski-and-tubing-hill Silver Mountain Resort in Kellogg, Idaho Soldier Mountain Ski Resort receives over 300” of famously light snow When you ski Soldier Mountain, you and offers a big-mountain experience on go back to simpler, less-crowded times. 2,200 vertical feet of exciting terrain. The Backcountry skiing or catskiing is ski area spans two mountains - Kellogg incredible. The mountain offers great low Peak and Wardner Peak - three bowls, 73 prices and awesome snow with 36+ runs named runs plus extensive off-piste, terrain and an enhanced snowboard terrain park. park, and is home to some of the best Soldier Mountain is one of Idaho’s hidden tree skiing in the country. Our high speed gems, an easy-going resort located in the gondola whisks visitors from Gondola picturesque Sawtooth National Forest, Village which is located just ¼ mile off halfway between Boise and Sun Valley. I-90. The Village consists the Morning Star Location: Central Idaho, 10 miles north Lodge, Silver Rapids Indoor Waterpark, of Fairfield shops, restaurants and a day spa. Silver Contact info: 1043 N Soldier Rd Rapids is Idaho’s largest indoor waterpark Fairfield, ID 83327 and offers a FlowRider(tm) continuous Phone: (208) 764-2526; surf wave, warm pools, hot tubs, a lazy www.soldiermountain.com river, slides, kid’s play area and much more. The Galena Ridge Golf Course offers Sun Valley Ski Resort an exceptional golf experience. Whether It’s easy to imagine the reaction of the skiers you’re a weekend enthusiast, a seasoned who first gazed out onto the awe-inspiring pro, or a first timer, the stunning beauty Sawtooth Range. Sun Valley is a downhill will elevate your game. Bike Country paradise with more than 3400 vertical feet USA! Silver Mountain has epic downhill and over 2000 acres of varied terrain. In mountain biking offering an extensive fact, Sun Valley offers something special network of trails. Gondola Village serves to skiers and boarders of all ages and skill as a trailhead to the Trail of the Coeur levels on not just one mountain, but two- d’Alenes and just up the road from Silver Bald Mountain and Dollar Mountain. Bald is the “must ride” Route of the Hiawatha. Mountain features the consistency of pitch, Location: North Idaho, 30 miles east of no lift lines and a variety of terrain and a Coeur d’Alene on I-90 super pipe that have earned it a reputation Contact info: 610 Bunker Avenue as one of the world’s finest ski mountains. Kellogg, ID 83737 Dollar Mountain is the perfect place to get Phone: (208) 783-1111; (866) 344-2675; acclimated to downhill sports featuring www.silvermt.com high speed quads, a tubing hill and a new full-featured terrain park. We also boast Snowhaven Ski Resort a world-class SnowSports school. Since Snowhaven is a small ski resort near 1936, the Sun Valley Lodge has welcomed Grangeville with 7 runs served by a T-bar visitors with elegant amenities and old- and rope tow. Ski and snowboard terrain world charm. Great on-site restaurants, includes 40 acres with a vertical drop of hot pools, apres ski entertainment and 440 ft. It offers a day lodge with a snack IDAHO BLUE BOOK 408

419 Contact info: PO Box 10 boutique shopping abound here. But what Sun Valley, ID 83353 keeps guests coming back are the congenial Phone: (208) 622-4111; (888) 490-5950; smiles that greet you no matter where you www.sunvalley.com stay. From our hotels and cozy cottages to comfy condos, you’ll find lodging that Source: Idaho Department of Commerce; meets your liking in Sun Valley. wwww.visitidaho.org Location: Central Idaho, at Ketchum Nordic Skiing Idaho’s unique terrain of mountain valleys, resorts throughout the state. There are also broad sweeps of gently rolling hills and several tour operators who offer Nordic ski a rugged backcountry that includes the packages, including backcountry touring, largest wilderness in the continental U.S., hut to hut skiing, or groomed trails for offers the Nordic ski enthusiast a very easy touring. Numerous Forest Service special experience. Nordic ski instruction and privately groomed trails from 5 to 60 and rentals are available at most ski kilometers are found throughout the state. Park N’ Ski Program The Idaho Department of Parks shops, state parks offices, U.S. Forest and Recreation operates a unique program Service ranger stations and chambers of called Park N’ Ski through four separate commerce. In addition to the Park N’Ski trail systems and four state park ski areas. areas, Farragut State Park, Priest Lake Many trails are groomed on a regular basis State Park, Round Lake State Park and and provide amenities such as restrooms, Winchester State Park have cross-country warming shelters and backcountry huts/ ski trails available for use. For more yurts. The program offers a season pass information, contact the Idaho Department and a three-day temporary permit. Permits of Parks and Recreation, PO Box 83720, may be purchased at a variety of places Boise ID 83720-0065, (208) 334-4199. throughout the state, including sports Snowboarding, Grand Targhee Ski Resort Photo Courtesy of Idaho Tourism CHAPTER 12: Recreation 409

420 Snowmobiling details that may help you plan an enjoyable Idaho has over 7,200 miles of snowmobile ride. Many county snowmobile programs trails in 29 grooming programs located also provide trail maps of the areas that throughout the state. Millions of acres of are groomed. For more on where to ride open riding exist on Forest Service, Bureau in Idaho, contact the Department of Parks of Land Management, State and private and Recreation at (208) 334-4199. land. The Forest Service and BLM can provide information that identifies open Source: Idaho Department of Parks & Recreation; and closed areas, closure dates and other parksandrecreation.idaho.gov/ Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Silver City Masonic Temple IDAHO BLUE BOOK 410

421 Bureau of Land Management mental, historical, recreational, and eco- The BLM manages 11.9 million acres of nomic values. These lands, with historical public land in Idaho, most of which is features that include some of the best concentrated in the southern part of the remaining original ruts of the Oregon Trail, State. Every Idaho county contains some will attract millions of recreational visits. BLM-managed land, which accounts for Many of these visits will be made by the 36 percent of the total Federal acreage outdoor sportsmen of Idaho, where about within Idaho’s borders. Idaho’s public lands one of every three persons owns a fishing feature alpine forests, rolling rangeland, or hunting license. BLM-managed lands and spectacular canyonlands with premier also support the traditional commodity desert white-water streams—the Owyhee, activities of grazing, mining, and timber Bruneau, Jarbidge, and Lower Salmon. production, which are vital to Idaho’s rural economies. Idaho’s public lands are rich in environ - BLM Districts and Field Offices BOISE DISTRICT 3948 Development Avenue CHALLIS FIELD OFFICE Boise, Idaho 83705 721 E Main Ave Ste 8 Information: (208) 384-3300 Challis, Idaho 83226 Information: (208) 879-6200 BRUNEAU FIELD OFFICE 3948 Development Avenue POCATELLO FIELD OFFICE Boise, Idaho 83705 4350 Cliffs Drive Information: (208) 384-3300 Pocatello, Idaho 83204 Information: (208) 478-6340 FOUR RIVERS FIELD OFFICE Recreation Snake Rivers Birds of Prey National SALMON FIELD OFFICE Conservation Area 1206 South Challis Street 3948 Development Avenue Salmon, ID 83467 Boise, Idaho 83705 Information: (208) 756-5400 Information: (208) 384-3300 UPPER SNAKE FIELD OFFICE OWYHEE FIELD OFFICE 1405 Hollipark Drive 20 First Avenue West Idaho Falls, Idaho 83401 Marsing, Idaho 83639 Information: (208) 524-7500 Information: (208) 896-5912 TWIN FALLS DISTRICT COEUR D’ALENE DISTRICT 2536 Kimberly Road 3815 Schreiber Way Twin Falls, Idaho 83301 Coeur d’Alene, Idaho 83815 Information: (208) 736-2350 Information: (208) 769-5000 BURLEY FIELD OFFICE COEUR D’ALENE FIELD OFFICE 15 East 200 South 3815 Schreiber Way Burley, Idaho 83318 Coeur d’Alene, Idaho 83815 Information: (208) 677-6600 Information: (208) 769-5000 JARBIDGE FIELD OFFICE COTTONWOOD FIELD OFFICE 2536 Kimberly Road 2 Butte Drive Twin Falls, Idaho 83301 Cottonwood, Idaho 83522 Information: (208) 736-2350 Information: (208) 962-3245 SHOSHONE FIELD OFFICE IDAHO FALLS DISTRICT Craters of the Moon National Monument 1405 Hollipark Drive 400 W F Street Idaho Falls, Idaho 83401 Shoshone, Idaho 83352 Information: (208) 524-7500 Information: (208) 732-7200 CHAPTER 12: Recreation 411

422 National Forests and Grasslands in Idaho juggle several competing uses including The National Forest system is responsible mining, recreation, logging, camping, for administration of over 21 million acres wilderness, watershed protection, and of Idaho’s forested land. This land serves a scientific research, to name a few. multiplicity of uses. The Forest Service must PAYETTE NATIONAL FOREST BITTERROOT NATIONAL FOREST* 800 West Lakeside Ave. 1801 N. 1st Street McCall, Idaho 83638 Hamilton, MT 59840 (208) 634-0700 (406) 363-7100 SALMON - CHALLIS NATIONAL BOISE NATIONAL FOREST FORESTS 1249 Vinnell Way, Suite 200 1206 S. Challis Street Boise, ID 83709 Salmon, Idaho 83467 (208) 373-4100 (208) 756-5100 CARIBOU-TARGHEE NATIONAL FOREST* SAWTOOTH NATIONAL FOREST* 1405 Hollipark Drive 2647 Kimberly Road East Idaho Falls, ID 83401 Twin Falls, Idaho 83301 (208) 524-7500 (208) 737-3200 CURLEW NATIONAL GRASSLANDS WALLOWA-WHITMAN NATIONAL 1405 Hollipark Drive FOREST* Idaho Falls, ID 83401 PO Box 907, 1550 Dewey Avenue Ste A (208) 524-7500 Baker City, Oregon 97814 (541) 523-6391 IDAHO PANHANDLE NATIONAL FORESTS - COEUR D’ALENE, KANIKSU, UINTA-WASATCH-CACHE NATIONAL and ST. JOE NATIONAL FORESTS* FOREST* 3815 Schreiber Way 3285 East 3300 South Coeur d’Alene, ID 83815 Salt Lake City, UT 84109 (208) 765-7223 (801) 466-6411 NEZ PERCE-CLEARWATER NATIONAL FOREST 903 3rd Street Kamiah, Idaho 83536 * Unit is in two or more states (208) 935-2513 Source: US Forest Service, www.fs.fed.us Major Land Areas, Sites and Rivers Designated by the U.S. Government are designated by Congress to conserve, National Parks and Monuments protect, enhance, and manage public The first National Park (Yellowstone) was land areas for the benefit and enjoyment designated in 1872. The National Park of present and future generations. NCAs Service was created in 1916 to advance a feature exceptional natural, recreational, new concept of land use to conserve the cultural, wildlife, aquatic, archeological, scenery, natural, historic, and wildlife in paleontological, historical, educational or perpetuity for the benefit and enjoyment of scientific resources. the people. The U.S. Congress establishes these Parks and Sites. National Recreation Areas National Conservation Areas Congress in 1962 passed the National National Conservation Areas (NCAs) Recreation Area Act to help preserve and IDAHO BLUE BOOK 412

423 expand outdoor recreation opportunities Wild and Scenic Rivers throughout the nation. In 1968, Congress authorized the Wild and Scenic Rivers System Act which Wilderness Areas permits State Legislatures and the U.S. In 1964, Congress passed the Wilderness Congress to designate certain rivers as Act to set aside certain lands from wild and scenic to preserve outstandingly development and to preserve their natural remarkable scenic, recreational, geologic, character. The Wilderness Act defines fish and wildlife, historic, cultural, or other wilderness as an area of undeveloped similar values in a natural and free-flowing Federal land, usually 5,000 acres or more, condition for the benefit and enjoyment of in a substantially natural condition. It present and future generations. is without permanent improvements or human habitation, and has outstanding National Natural Areas & opportunities for solitude or a primitive Landmarks and unconfined type of recreation. Such In 1972 Congress directed the Secretary an area may contain ecological, geological, of Interior to investigate and inventory or other features or scientific, educational, areas which could be designated National scenic, or historical values. Natural Landmarks and for possible inclusion into the National Parks System. National Parks, Monuments and Reserves Craters of the Moon National Monument City of Rocks National Reserve “We encamped at the Established: 1988. and Preserve contains three major lava city of the rocks, a noted place from the fields covering almost half a million acres. granite rocks rising abruptly out of the These remarkably well preserved volcanic ground,” wrote James Wilkins in 1849. features resulted from geologic events that “They are in a romantic valley clustered appear to have happened yesterday and Recreation together, which gives them the appearance will likely continue tomorrow. 18 miles W of a city.” Wilkins was among the first of Arco on Hwy 20. wagon travelers to fix the name City of Contact Info: PO Box 29 Rocks to what looked like “a dismantled, Arco, ID 83213 rock-built city of the Stone Age.” California (208) 527-1335 Phone: Trail pioneers were leaving civilization as they knew it in the East for new lives in Hagerman Fossil Bed the West. Some wrote their names in axle National Monument grease on rock faces, and their signatures Hagerman Fossil Established: 1988. can be seen today. No doubt thirsty on this Beds contains the largest concentration northern edge of the Great Basin Desert, of Hagerman Horse fossils in North one emigrant saw the distant rocks in America. The Monument is internationally August like “water thrown up into the significant because it protects the world’s air from numerous artificial hydrants.” richest known fossil deposits from a time Beginning in 1843, City of Rocks was a period called the late Pliocene epoch, 3.5 landmark for emigrants on the California million years ago. These plants and animals Trail and Salt Lake Alternate Trail and later represent the last glimpse of time that on freight routes and the Kelton, Utah to existed before the Ice Age, and the earliest Boise Idaho stage route. appearances of modern flora and fauna. Contact Info: 3035 S Elba-Almo Rd Contact Info: PO Box 570 Almo, ID 83312 Phone: (208) 824-5901 Hagerman, ID 83332 Phone: (208) 933-4105 Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Nez Perce National Historical A sea of lava flows Established: 1924. Park - Spalding Visitor Center with scattered islands of cinder cones and For thousands of years Established: 1965. sagebrush describes this “weird and scenic the valleys, prairies, mountains, and plateaus of the inland northwest have landscape” known as Craters of the Moon. 413 CHAPTER 12: Recreation

424 Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Idaho Falls City Building been home to the Nimi’ipuu or Nez Perce dwarfed that of Mt. St. Helens in 1980 people. Explore these places. Learn their and left a caldera 30 miles wide by 45 stories. Treat them with care. The 38 miles long. That climactic event occurred sites of Nez Perce National Historical Park about 640,000 years ago, and was one of are scattered across the states of Idaho, many processes that shaped Yellowstone Oregon, Washington and Montana and National Park—a region once rumored have been designated to commemorate the stories and history of the Nimiipuu and to be “the place where hell bubbles their interaction with explorers, fur traders, up.” Geothermal wonders, such as Old missionaries, soldiers, settlers, gold miners, Faithful, are evidence of one of the world’s and farmers who moved through or into largest active volcanoes. These spectacular the area. features bemused and befuddled the park’s Contact Info: 39063 US Hwy 95 earliest visitors, and helped lead to the Lapwai, ID 83540 creation of the world’s first national park. Phone: (208) 843-7001 Contact Info: PO Box 168, Yellowstone Yellowstone National Park National Park, WY 82190 Established: 1872. Idaho contains a portion Phone: (307) 344-7381 of the nation’s oldest and most famous Hells Canyon National national park. A thin strip totaling 31,488 Recreation Area acres (of the park’s 2 million plus acres) Hells Canyon, North Established:1975. make up part of Idaho’s eastern border. America’s deepest river gorge, encompasses Long before any recorded human history a vast and remote region with dramatic a massive volcanic eruption in Yellowstone, changes in elevation, terrain, climate and spewed an immense volume of ash that vegetation. Carved by the great Snake covered all of the western U.S., much of the Midwest, northern Mexico and some River, Hells Canyon plunges more than a areas of the eastern Pacific. The eruption mile below Oregon’s west rim, and 8,000 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 414

425 the most breathtakingly beautiful spots in feet below snowcapped He Devil Peak of Western America. Three classic mountain Idaho’s Seven Devils Mountains. There are ranges with 40 peaks of 10,000 feet or no roads across Hells Canyon’s 10-mile higher provide scenic landscapes in every wide expanse, and only three roads that direction. More than 300 high mountain lead to the Snake River between Hells lakes are within the SNRA and hundreds Canyon Dam and the Oregon-Washington of sparkling streams with the clarity of boundary. crystal. Headwater creeks of the Salmon Contact Info: 1550 Dewey Ave Ste A River converge in the Sawtooth Valley to (PO Box 907) form this legendary “River of No Return.” Baker City, OR 97814 Although the heartland of the SNRA is a Phone: (541) 523-6391 217,000-acre wilderness, it is only part of the total 756,000-acre SNRA. Sawtooth National Contact Info: 2647 Kimberly Road East, Recreation Area Twin Falls, ID 83301 Established: 1972. The SNRA, a part of Phone: (208) 737-3200 the Sawtooth National Forest, is one of Wild and Scenic Rivers currant, sedges and grasses. Battle Creek The National Wild and Scenic Rivers is not floatable, but provides a beautiful System was created in 1968 by Congress. hike for those floating the Owyhee River. Designation as a wild and scenic river is not designation as a national park. Big Jacks Creek The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act does not Designated Reach: March 30, 2009. generally lock up a river like a wilderness Big Jacks Creek from the downstream designation, the goal is to preserve the border of the Big Jacks Creek Wilderness character of a river. Uses compatible with in Section 8, Township 8 South, Range 4 Recreation the management goals of a particular East, to the point at which it enters the river are allowed; change is expected to Northwest 1/4 of Section 26, Township happen. Development not damaging to 10 South, Range 2 East, Boise Meridian. the outstanding resources of a designated Wild — 35.0 Classification/Mileage: river, or curtailing its free flow, are usually miles; Total — 35.0 miles. allowed. The term “living landscape” has Big Jacks Creek flows through Big Jacks been frequently applied to wild and scenic Creek Wilderness. Enveloped by sheer and rivers. Of course, each river designation terraced canyon walls, this perennial stream is different, and each management plan is surrounded by riparian vegetation. is unique. Redband trout are found in the creek, and bighorn sheep inhabit the canyon. There Battle Creek are few trails that access this area. Designated Reach: March 30, 2009. Battle Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management Creek from its confluence with the Owyhee River to the upstream boundary of the 3948 Development Avenue Owyhee River Wilderness. Boise Idaho 83705 Classification/Mileage: Wild — 23.4 Bruneau River miles; Total — 23.4 miles. March 30, 2009. Designated Reach: Battle Creek flows through a narrow, The Bruneau River from the downstream extremely meandering 200 foot deep boundary of the Bruneau-Jarbidge canyon. The canyon consists of nearly Wilderness to its upstream confluence continuous vertical walls of rhyolite which with the West Fork of the Bruneau River. are about 1/8 mile apart. Over the next 20 Classification/Mileage: Wild — 38.7 miles the canyon widens to no more than miles; Recreational — 0.6 miles; Total — 3/8 miles across and deepens to as much 39.3 miles. as 500 feet. Tucked between the cliffs and Nearly 40 miles of the Bruneau River’s stream channel is a lush riparian area of 50-mile total length is designated as wild, willow, chokecherry, dogwood, alder, rose, CHAPTER 12: Recreation 415

426 Classification/Mileage: Wild — 54.0 with a six-tenth-mile stretch at the Indian Hot Springs access point designated miles; Recreational — 131.0 miles; Total recreational. The Bruneau/Jarbidge River — 185.0 miles. System flows north from the mountains The Middle Fork Clearwater includes of northern Nevada through the beautiful the Lochsa and Selway Rivers, premier basalt and rhyolite canyons of the Owyhee whitewater rivers. Part of the exploration Uplands to the Snake River in southern route of Lewis and Clark follows the Lochsa Idaho. The combination of sparkling River. Most of the Selway lies in Idaho’s water, steep multi-colored cliffs, and Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness. These rivers an interesting association of plants and offer clear, clean water, beautiful scenery animals make this desert canyon one of with great plant diversity, and abundant superior natural beauty and recreational appeal. The Bruneau River also provides wildlife. challenging whitewater as it flows through Contact Info: Nez Perce - Clearwater this deep, wild and remote desert canyon. National Forest Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management 903 3rd Street 3948 Development Avenue Kamiah, ID 83536 Boise Idaho 83705 West Fork of the Bruneau River Bitterroot National Forest Designated Reach: March 30, 2009. 1801 North 1st Street The West Fork of the Bruneau River Hamilton, Montana 59840 from its confluence with the Jarbidge www.rivers.gov/wsr-clearwater.html River to the downstream boundary of the Cottonwood Creek Bruneau Canyon Grazing Allotment in the March 30, 2009. Designated Reach: Southeast/Northeast quadrants of Section Cottonwood Creek from its confluence 5, Township 13 South, Range 7 East, Boise with Big Jacks Creek to the upstream Meridian. boundary of the Big Jacks Creek Wild — 0.4 miles; Classification/Mileage: Wilderness. Total — 0.4 miles. Wild — 2.6 Classification/Mileage: The West Fork Bruneau River joins with the miles; Total — 2.6 miles. Jarbidge River to form the Bruneau River Cottonwood Creek has dense riparian about 24 miles north of the Nevada border, vegetation and tight meanders. Redband just upstream of Indian Hot Springs. The trout are found in the creek, and mule canyon opens up at this portion of the river deer are common in the area. Access to through the designated 0.3 miles and then the area is difficult. becomes narrower as the Bruneau River Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management flows north. 3948 Development Avenue Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management Boise, Idaho 83705 3948 Development Avenue Deep Creek Boise, Idaho 83705 March 30, 2009. Deep Designated Reach: Middle Fork of the Creek from its confluence with the Owyhee Clearwater River River to the upstream boundary of the October 2, 1968. The Designated Reach: Owyhee River Wilderness in Section 30, Middle Fork from the town of Kooskia Township 12 South, Range 2 West, Boise upstream to the town of Lowell. The Lochsa Meridian. River from its confluence with the Selway Classification/Mileage: Wild — 13.1 River at Lowell (forming the Middle Fork) miles; Total — 13.1 miles. upstream to the Powell Ranger Station. Deep Creek carves an extremely The Selway River from Lowell upstream meandering, vertical walled canyon to its to its origin. confluence with the Owyhee River. Deep IDAHO BLUE BOOK 416

427 Creek can be kayaked or canoed in the Jarbidge River early spring when flows reach into the March 30, 2009. The Designated Reach: hundreds of cubic feet per second from Jarbidge River from its confluence with snowmelt. Later in the spring, and again in the West Fork of the Bruneau River to the fall, Deep Creek provides outstanding the upstream boundary of the Bruneau- hiking and backpacking opportunities. Jarbidge Rivers Wilderness. Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management Wild — 28.8 Classification/Mileage: 3948 Development Avenue miles; Total — 28.8 miles. Boise, Idaho 83705 The Jarbidge River joins with the West Fork Bruneau River to form the Bruneau Dickshooter Creek River about 24 miles north of the Nevada Designated Reach: March 30, 2009. border, just upstream of Indian Hot Dickshooter Creek from its confluence Springs. The Jarbidge River provides with Deep Creek to a point on the stream challenging whitewater during the spring, 1/4 mile due west of the east boundary of with stretches reaching Class V and VI Section 16, Township 12 South, Range 2 difficulty. This river lies within a canyon West, Boise Meridian. with steep walls and statuesque rock Classification/Mileage: Wild — 9.3 miles; formations. Golden eagles are commonly Total — 9.3 miles. seen, and chukars are abundant. Dickshooter Creek flows south, and the Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management stream cuts a narrow, deep gorge through 3948 Development Avenue the rolling plateau landscape until it Boise, Idaho 83705 joins with Deep Creek. The waters of Dickshooter cease to flow by late-spring Little Jacks Creek to early summer, leaving behind only Designated Reach: March 30, 2009. isolated pools in the gravel streambed. Little Jacks Creek from the downstream Recreation This canyon provides outstanding hiking boundary of the Little Jacks Creek and backpacking opportunities. Wilderness upstream to the mouth of OX Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management Prong Creek. 3948 Development Avenue Wild — 12.4 Classification/Mileage: Boise, Idaho 83705 miles; Total — 12.4 miles. Surrounded by the Little Jacks Creek Duncan Creek Wilderness, Little Jacks Creek is an attractive March 30, 2009. Designated Reach: stream with excellent opportunities for Duncan Creek from its confluence with Big viewing wildlife. Bighorn sheep are one Jacks Creek upstream to the east boundary of the main attractions. Little Jacks Creek of Section 18, Township 10 South, Range lies within a multi-tiered, 1,000 foot deep 4 East, Boise Meridian. canyon system. The stream has dense Classification/Mileage: Wild — 0.9 miles; riparian vegetation and provides habitat Total — 0.9 miles. for Redband trout. Spring is an opportune Duncan Creek has dense riparian vegetation time to hike in this area. and tight meanders. Redband trout are Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management found in the creek, and mule deer are 3948 Development Avenue common in the area. Access to the area Boise, Idaho 83705 is difficult. Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management Owyhee River 3948 Development Avenue Designated Reach: March 30, 2009. The Boise, Idaho 83705 Owyhee River from the Idaho-Oregon State border to the upstream boundary of the Owyhee River Wilderness. Classification/Mileage: Wild — 67.3 miles; Total — 67.3 miles. CHAPTER 12: Recreation 417

428 The Owyhee River Canyon consists of South Fork of the steep, rhyolite walls ranging in height Owyhee River, Idaho from 250 feet to over 1,000 feet near the Designated Reach: March 30, 2009. The Oregon border. The west end of the river South Fork of the Owyhee River upstream below the confluence with the South Fork from its confluence with the Owyhee River Owyhee River is known as the “Grand to the upstream boundary of the Owyhee Canyon of the Owyhee.” Within this gorge River Wilderness at the Idaho Nevada can be found extensive areas of rhyolite State border. pinnacle formations known as “hoodoos.” Classification/Mileage: Wild — 30.2 This is the most dramatic area of hoodoo miles; Recreational — 1.2 miles; Total — formations within the entire Owyhee River 31.4 miles. system. Floating the Owyhee is popular Along this fork, 31.4 miles are designated in the spring during higher water flows. wild, from the Idaho-Nevada border (the Low water float trips are also possible in upstream boundary of the Owyhee River smaller craft. Wilderness) to the confluence with the Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management main Owyhee River. A short portion of 3948 Development Avenue this stretch, where the river crosses private Boise, Idaho 83705 land, will be managed as a recreational river. The South Fork Owyhee River enters North Fork of the Owyhee River Idaho from the north enclosed within a 550 Designated Reach: March 30, 2009. The foot deep canyon of basalt and rhyolite. North Fork of the Owyhee River from the Within the canyon there are beautiful rock Idaho-Oregon State border upstream to pinnacles and hoodoos. This stretch of river the upstream boundary of the North Fork is known as an outstanding wilderness river Owyhee River Wilderness. experience because of the canyon’s scenic Wild — 15.1 Classification/Mileage: qualities, solitude opportunities, wildlife miles; Recreational — 5.7 miles; Total — viewing, and length of trip available. 20.8 miles. Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management Six miles of the North Fork Owyhee River, 3948 Development Avenue from the Idaho-Oregon border upstream to Boise, Idaho 83705 the Juniper Mountain road crossing, are designated as a recreational. Just over 15 Red Canyon River miles, from the recreational river section March 30, 2009. Designated Reach: upstream to the boundary of the North Fork Red Canyon from its confluence with the Owyhee Wilderness, are designated wild. Owyhee River to the upstream boundary The North Fork Owyhee River consists of of the Owyhee River Wilderness. a steep, vertical walled canyon ranging Wild — 4.6 miles; Classification/Mileage: in depth from 200 to 500 feet. As it flows Total — 4.6 miles. toward Oregon, the canyon changes from a Red Canyon flows south and the stream landscape dominated by rhyolite monoliths cuts a narrow, deep gorge through the and pinnacle formations to one engulfed rolling plateau landscape until it joins the in sheer walls of blocky basalt. The river Owyhee River. Like the other canyons of shoreline is lined with groves of mature the Owyhee River system, Red Canyon and old-growth juniper woodlands. During contains basalt and rhyolite walls. Riparian high spring flows, a portion of this river is vegetation is well-established, and this used by expert boaters as an outstanding canyon provides outstanding hiking and Class V whitewater run. backpacking opportunities. Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management 3948 Development Avenue 3948 Development Avenue Boise, Idaho 83705 Boise, Idaho 83705 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 418

429 and Lemhi Valleys of central and eastern Rapid River Idaho, and snows from the Sawtooth and Designated Reach: December 31, 1975. Salmon River Mountains in the south, and The segment from the headwaters of the the Clearwater and Bitterroot Mountains in main stem to the national forest boundary. the north, feed this wild river. The upper The segment of the West Fork from the section passes through the Frank Church wilderness boundary downstream to the River of No Return Wilderness, while the confluence with the main stem. lower section forms the southern boundary Wild — 26.8 Classification/Mileage: of the Gospel-Hump Wilderness. The miles; Total — 26.8 miles. Salmon flows through a vast wilderness in the second deepest gorge on the continent. The water quality of Rapid River is Only the Snake River (Hells) Canyon exceptional; the river contains three listed is deeper. The Salmon’s granite-walled fish species, chinook salmon, steelhead, and canyon is one-fifth of a mile deeper than bull trout, and associated critical habitat. the Grand Canyon. For approximately 180 The river’s scenery is also outstanding; the miles, the Salmon Canyon is more than one steep gradient and narrow canyon focus mile deep. Largely due to this incredible the viewer’s perspective on the fast-moving wilderness, Congress designated 46 miles water and diverse riparian vegetation. of the river, from North Fork to Corn Creek, Contact Info: Nez Perce National Forest as a recreational river and 79 miles, from S almon River Ranger District Corn Creek to Long Tom Bar, as a wild river. From North Fork to Corn Creek, the HC 01, Box 70 spectacular canyon of the Salmon River White Bird Idaho 83554 has exposed some of the oldest known Saint Joe River rocks in the state of Idaho. In the vicinity Designated Reach: November 10, 1978. of Shoup, these rocks, called gneiss, have The segment above the confluence of the been dated as 1.5 billion years old. From North Fork of the St. Joe River to St. Joe Corn Creek to Long Tom Bar, the majority Recreation Lake. of the rocks exposed in the canyon walls Wild — 26.6 Classification/Mileage: are part of the Idaho Batholith. These rocks miles; Recreational — 39.7 miles; Total are generally called quartz monzonite — 66.3 miles. and are approximately 65 million years This northern Idaho river offers outstanding old. The canyon itself was formed 35 to scenery, good fishing, and plenty of 45 million years ago. This rugged canyon wildlife. The river was originally named provides habitat for an abundant and the “St. Joseph” by Father Pierre-Jean varied wildlife resource. Big game species DeSmet, a Catholic priest who established commonly observed along the river include a mission there. bighorn sheep, elk, mule deer, white-tailed Contact Info: Idaho Panhandle National deer, mountain goats, black bear, cougar, Forest and moose. Small mammal populations 3815 Schreiber Way also are well represented by species such Coeur d’Alene Idaho 83815 as bobcat, coyote, red fox, porcupine, badger, beaver, mink, marten, river otter, Salmon River muskrat, weasel, marmots and skunks. Designated Reach: July 23, 1980. The Waterfowl, shorebirds, and songbirds are segment of the main stem from the mouth particularly abundant during seasonal of the North Fork of the Salmon River migrations. Chukar, partridge, blue grouse, downstream to Long Tom Bar. ruffed grouse, and spruce grouse are also Classification/Mileage: Wild — 79.0 common residents. The main stem of the miles; Recreational — 46.0 miles; Total Salmon River provides habitat for a variety — 125.0 miles. of fish species. These include: cutthroat Known as “The River of No Return,” the trout, bull trout, rainbow trout, mountain Salmon River is the longest free flowing white fish, sockeye salmon, chinook salmon river (425 miles) within one state in the (spring/summer/fall run), steelhead, lower 48. It originates in the Sawtooth smallmouth bass, squawfish, sucker and CHAPTER 12: Recreation 419

430 Sheepeaters. They gained their name from sturgeon. The river offers high quality sportfishing for resident populations of the bighorn sheep that were prevalent in cutthroat and rainbow trout, steelhead and the area and constituted much of their diet. whitefish. Evidence suggests that man first White trappers, miners and settlers began inhabited the Salmon River country 8,000 coming into the area in the 1850’s. No years ago. White man came to the Salmon road access was ever built, and all supplies river in the very early 1800’s following came in by horseback. Floating the river Lewis and Clark’s 1805 expedition. There began in the 20’s with a few adventurous are several Native American and pioneer souls who wanted to see beyond the rock historical sites to visit along the river wall canyon at Big Creek where the trail corridor. Many, such as the Jim Moore ended. Wildlife along the Middle Fork place, an early mining claim, are on the National Register of Historic Places. river is abundant due to the designation Contact Info: Salmon-Challis National and isolation of the Frank Church River Forest of No Return Wilderness. The river moves North Fork Ranger District through a variety of climates and land Box 180 types, from alpine forest to high mountain North Fork, Idaho 83466 desert to sheer rock walled canyon, Middle Fork of the creating a wide variety of habitats. Deer, Salmon River elk, bighorn sheep, mountain goat, bear Designated Reach: October 2, 1968. From and cougar are just a few of the animals to its origin to its confluence with the Main make the area their home. The Middle Fork Salmon River. drainage was one of the sites for the wolf Wild — 103.0 Classification/Mileage: reintroduction program. The fishery is one miles; Recreational — 1.0 mile; Total — of the best catch and release fly fisheries 104.0 miles. in the nation. The Frank Church River of One of the original eight rivers in the No Return Wilderness occupies part of nation designated as Wild and Scenic an extensive geological formation known on October 2, 1968, the Middle Fork of as the Idaho Batholith. This formation, the Salmon River originates 20 miles mainly granite, has been severely eroded, northwest of Stanley Idaho, with the exposing underlying rock formations laid merging of Bear Valley and Marsh Creeks. down during the Precambrian, Permian, The designated segment extends 100 miles Triassic, and Cretaceous periods. from Dagger Falls to the confluence of the Contact Info: Salmon-Challis National Middle Fork and the Main Salmon. The Forest river traverses northeast through the heart Middle Fork Ranger District of Idaho and the Frank Church River of 311 N US Hwy 93 No Return Wilderness, flowing through a Challis, Idaho 83226 canyon that is the third deepest in North Sheep Creek America. The Middle Fork is one of the last March 30, 2009. Designated Reach: free flowing tributaries of the Salmon River Sheep Creek from its confluence with the system. Because of its remote location, Bruneau River to the upstream boundary man’s presence in the area was somewhat of the Bruneau-Jarbidge Rivers Wilderness. limited, leaving it in the condition we Classification/Mileage: Wild — 25.6 see today. Only a few trails, landing miles; Total — 25.6 miles. strips, private ranches, and Forest Service Sheep Creek flows through an extremely stations are evidence of man’s intrusion. narrow, winding canyon with sheer vertical While man’s impact on the area has been walls. High water flows are in the spring relatively light, it has been diverse. The and provide challenging whitewater for the Native Americans who occupied the most experienced boaters. Access to Sheep Middle Fork drainage were known as The IDAHO BLUE BOOK 420

431 the Snake roared northward, cutting a Creek is difficult because of its remoteness giant chasm through the volcanic rock. and primitive roads. The resulting canyon, roughly ten miles Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management across, is not as dramatic as the Grand 3948 Development Avenue Canyon. However, when the surrounding Boise, Idaho 83705 peaks are visible from the river, the sense Snake River of depth is tremendous. The adjacent December 1, 1975. Designated Reach: ridges average 5,500’ above the river. He The segment from Hells Canyon Dam Devil Mountain, tallest of the Seven Devils downstream to an eastward extension (9,393’) towers almost 8,000’ above the of the north boundary of section 1, T5N, river, creating the deepest gorge in the R47E, Willamette meridian. United States. The river is as big as the Classification/Mileage: Wild — 32.5 landscape. Below Hells Canyon Dam, the miles; Scenic — 34.4 miles; Total — 66.9 Snake usually carries more water than the miles. Colorado River through the Grand Canyon. The Snake River likely got its name from the Below the confluence with the Salmon first white explorers who misinterpreted the River, flows average 35,000 cfs and often sign made by the Shoshone people—who peak over 100,000 when the Salmon is identified themselves in sign language by high. Further downstream, the Clearwater moving the hand in a swimming motion— and other rivers dump their flows into the which appeared to these explorers to be a Snake River, creating the Columbia River’s “snake”; it actually signified that they lived largest tributary. (The total drainage area near the river with many fish. In the 1950’s is approximately the size of Oregon.) the name “Hells Canyon” was borrowed Contact Info: Wallowa-Whitman from Hells Canyon Creek, which enters the National Forest river near what is now Hells Canyon Dam. Recreation 1550 Dewey Ave Ste A In the old days, Hells Canyon was known Baker City, Oregon 97814 as Snake River Canyon or Box Canyon, though a few locals called it the “Grand Wickahoney Creek Canyon of the Snake.” The Hells Canyon March 30, 2009. Designated Reach: area was once home to Shoshone and Nez Wickahoney Creek from its confluence with Perce tribes. According to the Nez Perce Big Jacks Creek to the upstream boundary tribe, Coyote dug the Snake River Canyon of the Big Jacks Creek Wilderness. in a day to protect the people on the west Classification/Mileage: Wild — 1.5 miles; side of the river from the Seven Devils, a Total — 1.5 miles. band of evil spirits living in the mountain Wickahoney Creek has dense riparian range to the east. In the late nineteenth vegetation and tight meanders. Redband century, the military drove the Native trout are found in the creek, and mule deer Americans out and settlers began ranching are common in the area. Access to the area and mining in the canyon. Today, boaters is difficult. can explore archaeological sites and old Contact Info: Bureau of Land homesteads, all part of the canyon’s rich, Management colorful history. Hells Canyon is one of the 3948 Development Avenue most imposing river gorges in the West. Boise, Idaho 83705 Until a million years ago, the Owyhee Mountains acted as a dam between the National Wild & Scenic Rivers Source: Snake River and its current confluence with www.rivers.gov/wildriverslist.html System the Columbia River, creating a vast lake in what is now southwestern Idaho. When the mountains were finally breached, CHAPTER 12: Recreation 421

432 Union Pacific Mainline Depot Photo Courtesy of Jeff Harvey 422 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

433 National Conservation Areas Morley Nelson Snake River in the world, more than 700 pairs of Birds of Prey National raptors nest here, representing 15 species. Conservation Area The NCA’s prairie falcon population Created: 1993 represents a significant portion of the Along the Snake River, 20 miles south of species population. In all, 259 wildlife Boise Idaho, the NCA contains 485,000 species inhabit the area; 45 mammal, 165 acres. This includes 81 miles of the bird, 8 amphibian, 16 reptile, and 25 fish Snake River, 65,000 acres of critical species. The Snake River Canyon within nesting habitat, and 420,000 acres of prey the NCA contains some of the oldest habitat. A unique combination of climate, and most remarkable Native American geology, soils, and vegetation has created archaeological sites in Idaho. Over 200 a complete and stable ecosystem where sites are recorded, including numerous predators and prey occur in extraordinary outstanding petroglyphs. Human numbers. Canyon walls along the Snake occupation has been dated to 10,000 River, ranging up to 600 feet high, provide B.C. In 1979 the Black Butte-Guffey Butte abundant nest sites for birds of prey. Deep, Archaeological District, located entirely wind blown soils cover expansive plateaus within the NCA, was placed on the National above the canyon. An unusual variety and Register of Historic Places. Portions of the high number of small mammals burrow Oregon National Historic Trail traverse the in the fine textured soils, and find food length of the NCA. Certain trail remnants and cover in the dense grasses and shrubs are among the best preserved in the nation. that grow on the plateau. Paiute ground The 1860’s discovery of gold in the nearby squirrels are the most abundant burrowing Owyhee Mountains brought settlement to Recreation species. Portions of the area support the area. Three sites from this period are the densest ground squirrel populations on the National Register of Historic Places, ever recorded, they are the main prey of including Swan Falls Dam (1901), the first Prairie falcons. Blacktailed jackrabbits are hydroelectric dam on the Snake River. an important prey species, especially for Contact Info: Bureau of Land Management Golden eagles. Pocket gophers, kangaroo Lower Snake River District rats, and deer mice are also common prey 3948 Development Avenue species. The NCA contains the densest Boise Idaho 83705 concentration of nesting birds of prey in 208- 384-3300 North America, and one of the densest National Natural Landmarks The National Natural Landmarks Program the owner’s concurrence. To date, fewer recognizes and encourages the conservation than 600 sites have been designated. of outstanding examples of our country’s The National Park Service administers natural history. It is the only natural areas the NNL Program, and if requested, program of national scope that identifies assists NNL owners and managers with and recognizes the best examples of the conservation of these important biological and geological features in both NNLs are not National Parks. NNL sites. * public and private ownership. National status does not indicate public ownership, Natural Landmarks (NNLs) are designated and many sites are not open for visitation. by the Secretary of the Interior, with CHAPTER 12: Recreation 423

434 Big Southern Butte Great Rift System Butte County - 37 miles northwest of Blaine County and extends into Minidoka Blackfoot. Designated 1976. and Power Counties - 43 miles northwest Owner: Federal. of Pocatello. Designated 1968. Acres: 5,756 Owner: Federal. The butte is composed of light-colored Acres: 171,999 silicic volcanic rocks and stands nearly As a tensional fracture in the Earth’s crust that may extend to the crust-mantle 760 meters above the low relief surface interface, the Great Rift System is unique of the Eastern Snake River Plain. The in North America and has few counterparts site is an ecological “island” supporting in the world. It also illustrates primary vegetation such as lodgepole pine (Pinus vegetation succession on very young lava contorta), aspen (Populus sp.), Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), and manzanita flows. (Arctostaphylos sp.) not common to this Hagerman Fauna Sites region. The largest area of volcanic rocks Twin Falls County - West and southwest of of young age in the United States. Hagerman. Designated 1975. Owner: Federal and State. Big Springs Acres: 4,243 Fremont County - 54 miles northeast of Contains the world’s richest deposits of Rexburg. Designated 1980. Upper Pliocene Age terrestrial fossils, Owner: Federal. therefore considered to be of international Acres: 7 significance. The springs emanate from rhyolite lava flows of the Madison Plateau, which Hell’s Half Acre Lava Field comprise one of the largest rhyolite lava Bingham County and extends into fields in the United States. Big Springs Bonneville County - The center of the site is the only first magnitude spring in is 20 miles west of Idaho Falls. Designated the United States that issues forth from 1976. rhyolitic lava flows. It is the source of the Owner: Federal and State. South Fork of the Henry’s Fork River. Acres: 42,038 A complete, young, unweathered, fully Cassia Silent City of Rocks exposed pahoehoe lava flow and an Cassia County. Designated 1974. outstanding example of pioneer vegetation Owner: Federal, State and Private. establishing itself on a lava flow. Acres: 20,214 Contains monolithic landforms created by Hobo Cedar Grove exfoliation processes on exposed massive Botanical Area granite plutons, and the best example of Shoshone County - 12 miles northeast of bornhardts in the country. Clarkia. Designated 1980. Owner: Federal. Crater Rings Acres: 246 Elmore County. Designated 1980. An outstanding example of pristine western Owner: Federal. red cedar forest. Two communities are Acres: 1,262 represented: cedar/Oregon boxwood Two adjacent and symmetrical pit craters on the uplands and cedar/fern on the that are among the few examples of this lowlands. type of crater in the continental United States. The pit craters, which are volcanic Niagara Springs conduits in which the lava column rises and Gooding County. Designated 1980. falls, were formed by explosions followed Owner: Private by collapse. Acres: 51 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 424

435 The least developed of the large springs Sheep Rock discharging into the Snake River from Adams County - In Payette National Forest, the Snake River Plain aquifer system. It is 35 miles northwest of Council and two outstandingly illustrative of the enormous miles east of the Snake River. Designated volume of water transmitted through this 1976. Owner: Federal. Acres: 17 aquifer. Provides the best view of the horizontally layered lavas that represent successive North Menan Butte flows on the Columbia River Basalt Jefferson County and extends into Madison Plateau, and an unobstructed view of County. Designated 1980. Owner: Federal two contrasting series of volcanic rocks and Private. Acres: 2,865 separated by a major unconformity—an Contains outstanding examples of glass tuff important geologic phenomenon. cones, which are found in only a few places in the world. Their large size and unusual Source: National Park Service; www.nature. composition make them particularly nps.gov illustrative of an unusual aspect of basaltic volcanism. Boundary County Courthouse Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Recreation CHAPTER 12: Recreation 425

436 National Historic and Recreation Trails Ashton to Tetonia Trail Oregon, and California. The Ashton-Tetonia Trail opened to the Address: National Park Service, Salt Lake public in 2010, and is administered by the City Field Office, 324 S State St. Suite 200, Idaho department of Parks and Recreation. Salt Lake City, UT 84111; It is managed through Harriman State Phone: (801) 741-1012 Park. This 29.6 mile trail follows the Continental Divide National abandoned railroad grade of the Teton Scenic Trail Valley Branch of the Union Pacific Railroad Elevations range from 7,000 to 11,000 feet. from Ashton to Tetonia. From Summit Lake Trail in Yellowstone Address: c/o Harriman State Park, 3489 National Park, the trail meanders along Green Canyon Rd, Island Park, ID 83429; the Idaho-Montana border for 80 miles Phone: (208) 201-0292 through the Beaverhead National Forest. California National The Continental Divide National Scenic Historic Trail Trail does not actually go through Idaho, The California Trail carried over 250,000 but rather runs along the border of Idaho gold-seekers and farmers to the gold and Montana. It runs through the rugged fields and rich farmlands of California and beautiful Beaverhead Range, then east during the 1840’s and 1850’s, the greatest through the Centennial Mountains. mass migration in American history. Address: US Forest Service Intermountain Today, more than 1,000 miles of trail Region, 324 25th St., Ogden, UT 84401 ruts and traces can still be seen in the Phone: (801) 625-5605 vast undeveloped lands between Casper, Idaho Centennial Trail Wyoming and the West Coast, reminders The Idaho Centennial Trail travels 1200 of the sacrifices, struggles, and triumphs of miles from the Canadian border to the early American travelers and settlers. More border with Nevada. It passes through than 240 historic sites along the trail will all the ecological zones of the state: old eventually be available for public use and growth cedar groves, clear glacial lakes, interpretation. The California Trail system precipitous and rugged peaks, deep (more than 5,500 miles) was developed forests carpeted with ferns, granite spires, over a period of years, and numerous rushing rivers, and sagebrush steppes. The cutoffs and alternate routes were tried wildlife varies with the landscape, and to see which was the “best” in terms of adventurers may encounter just about any terrain, length and sufficient water and species in Idaho. The rivers and lakes are grass for livestock. The general route began uniformly filled with game fish; raptors and at various jumping off points along the waterfowl nest along the waterways. The Missouri River and stretched to various forests are home to big game, from bighorn points in California, Oregon, and the Sierra sheep and mountain goats to deer, elk, and Nevada. The specific route that emigrants moose. The expansive sage grasslands offer and forty-niners used depended on their habitat to antelope, pheasant, grouse, and starting point in Missouri, their final other upland game birds. The trail includes destination in California, the condition single track trails, jeep trails, and dirt of their wagons and livestock, and yearly roads, so any kind of user can appreciate changes in water and forage along the the best that Idaho has to offer. The trail different routes. The trail passes through branches in the center of the state, so the states of Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, those on mountain bikes, snowmobiles, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, ATVs or trail bikes have a non-wilderness IDAHO BLUE BOOK 426

437 visitor seeking the true Lewis and Clark alternative. From Murphy Hot Springs experience can hike a five-mile trail up at the Nevada state line to Upper Priest that ridge line. Falls, near the Canadian border. Enroute Sites accessible from Kamiah or Weippe: it passes through the Owyhee Uplands, the Along well-maintained gravel roads near Sawtooth National Forest and National Weippe. Recreation Area, the Challis, Boise, Payette Salmon Trout Camp: The site where the and Nez Perce National Forests, the Frank Corps camped June 18, 1806, waiting for Church River of No Return Wilderness, the the snows to melt in the high country. Clearwater National Forest, and the Idaho Short of food as they had been unsuccessful Panhandle National Forests. at hunting, they shot at several salmon a Web Address: http://idahocentennialtrail. number of times without success. blogspot.com Small Prairie Camp: The site where the Lewis and Clark National Trail Corps camped June 15, 1806, in a hard The Lewis and Clark Expedition, which rain. occurred from 1804 to 1806, was one of the The site where Lewis and Clark Grove: most dramatic and significant episodes in Captain Clark, with five hunters, camped the history of the United States. It stands, September 19, 1805, after coming 22 miles incomparably, as our nation‘s epic in “...over a mountain, ...through much falling documented exploration of the American timber (which caused our road of to day West. On the journey to the Pacific Ocean, to be double the derect distance on the the Lewis and Clark Expedition passed course)...” through north central Idaho. There are The site where the Pheasant Camp: several historic sites and trails. main party under Captain Lewis camped Campsites of September Traveller‘s Rest: September 21, 1805. Lewis wrote, “...we Recreation 9-10, 1805, and June 30, 1806, near killed a few pheasants...” Campsites of present-day Lolo, Montana. Weippe: The site where Clark came across September 11 and 12, 1805, along present- a few Nez Perce Indians near present-day day Lolo Creek in Montana. Weippe on September 20, 1805. Today the A resort today. Lolo Hot Springs: site of the meeting is commemorated with Packer Meadows: The site where the a highway sign. The route along the ridge Expedition rested on the return trip. Find line followed by the Expedition is visible it just east of the visitor center at Lolo Pass. to the east. Glade Creek Camp: The site where the Lewis & Clark National Historic Address: Expedition camped on September 13, Trail, 601 Riverfront Dr, Omaha NE 1805, a mile from the Lolo Pass Visitor 68201; Phone: (402) 661-1804 Center and a few hundred yards off Forest Nee-Me-Poo (Nez Perce) Service Road 5670. National Historical Trail Colt Killed Camp: The site where the In the summer of 1877, the Nez Perce were Expedition camped on September 14, forced to move to a reservation, and a small 1805. It‘s at the Powell Ranger Station. band, some led by Chief Joseph, resisted. Here the Expedition, unable to find game After repeated treaties had been broken, on the mountain, killed a young horse a small group of Nez Perce warriors lost for food. patience and killed some particularly Whitehouse Pond: The small pond named unfriendly settlers. Fearing retribution, the by Private Whitehouse and noted in his band fled through Idaho, Wyoming, and journal. From here the Expedition left Montana, seeking refuge in Canada. They the river bottom and climbed up a steep were pursued doggedly by the US Army ridge to the moutains to the north. A CHAPTER 12: Recreation 427

438 and several volunteers, and eventually caught after fleeing over 1500 miles in three and a half months. Location: In its 1,170-mile route toward Canada, the trail runs from Wallowa Lake, Oregon to the Bear Paws Mountains in northern Montana, and passes through the states of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana, crossing tribal, private, county, state, and Federal lands. Address: NPNHT Administration, 12730 Highway 12, Orofino, ID 83544 Phone: 476-8334 (208) Nee-Mee-Po National Historic Trail in North Central Idaho Photo Courtesy of Steve Lee The Nez Perce (Nimíipuu or Nee-Me-Poo) National Historic Trail stretches from Wallowa Lake, Oregon, to the Bear Paw Battlefield near Chinook, Montana. It was added to the National Trails System by Congress in 1986. IDAHO BLUE BOOK 428

439 Salmon. Oregon Trail National Twin Falls : Side by side waterfalls are as Historic Trail good as their name. In the mid-1800s, thousands of pioneers Shoshone Falls : An impressive waterfall followed the Oregon Trail 2,000 miles from dropping into the Snake River Canyon. Missouri to Oregon in search of a better life. Worth a side trip by wagon or car. However, the Oregon Trail was never just Thousand Springs : A series of waterfalls one route. The Idaho portion of the Oregon coming from the wall of the Snake River Trail crossed deserts, mountains, and Canyon. dangerously turbulent or deep rivers. Some : Three small Three Island Crossing emigrants deviated from the main trail in islands in the Snake River give this river search of water and livestock forage, while ford its name. others found shortcuts and better routes Hot Springs : East of the modern town of to avoid difficult terrain. Two segments of Mountain Home. Not the same hot spring the primary route, North Trail and Sinker as Lava Hot Springs. Creek, are located in southwestern Idaho, Givens Hot Springs : On the southern and visitors today can still see original alternate route. wagon ruts. Interpretive sites at Bonneville : Established in 1834 by the Fort Boise Point, 16 miles southeast of Boise, and at Hudson‘s Bay Company. The trail in Idaho the Milner Site, 4 miles west of Burley, leads from the southeastern corner of the explain the challenges faced by courageous state, through the central part of the state pioneers. Natural landmarks on the Oregon along the Snake River, near Boise and into Trail include: Oregon. Smith‘s Fort : Trading post owned by Address: National Park Service, Salt Lake mountain man Peg Leg Smith who supplied City Office, 324 S State St Suite 200, Salt travelers 1848-1849. Lake City UT 84111 Recreation Sheep Rock : Named for mountain sheep Phone: (801) 741-1012 seen by early travelers. Now called Soda Point, it is not far from the modern town of Pacific Northwest Trail Soda Springs. Hudspeth‘s Cutoff branches The 1200 mile Pacific Northwest Trail from the main trail here. (PNT), running from the Continental Soda Springs : Steamboat Spring and Beer Divide to the Pacific Ocean, ranks among Spring were dubbed the Soda Springs the most scenic trails in the world. This because they bubbled out of the ground. carefully chosen path is high for the views Now covered by the Soda Point Reservoir. and long on adventure. It includes the Rocky The modern town of Soda Springs gets its Mountains, Selkirk Mountains, Pasayten name from these springs. Wilderness, North Cascades, Olympic : These falls were American Falls Mountains, and Wilderness Coast. The trail mentioned in the diaries of immigrants crosses 3 National Parks and 7 National traveling the trails. Forests. : 25 families from Iowa Massacre Rocks Address: Pacific Northwest Trail Association, were attacked here August, 1862. 1851 Charles Jones Memorial Circle, Unit Founded in 1834 by Nathaniel Fort Hall: 4, North Cascade Gateway Center, Sedro- Wyeth. Later purchased by the Hudson‘s Woolley WA 98284; Phone: 877-854-9415 Bay Company. Abandoned in 1856. Trail of the Coeur d’Alenes : A welcome end to a stretch Twin Springs The Trail of the Coeur d’Alenes is one of of desert along Hudspeth‘s Cutoff. the most spectacular trails in the western : Formations of soft granite. City of Rocks United States. The trail nearly spans the : Famous Indian fishing spot Salmon Falls Panhandle of Idaho as it runs along rivers, where travelers traded for fresh food. Not beside lakes and through Idaho’s historic the same location as the modern town of Silver Valley. Dispersed along the trail are CHAPTER 12: Recreation 429

440 36 unique bridges and trestles that cross go 17 miles north on ID 21, then 26 miles mountain creeks, whitewater rivers and east on Forest Road 268, around the tranquil lakes. The east end of the trail Arrowrock Reservoir. passes through a narrow mountain valley Address: Boise National Forest once heavily mined for silver. The valley 1249 S Vinelli Way Ste 200 is dotted with numerous small historic Boise, ID 83709 mining communities each offering their Phone: (208) 373-4100 own unique features. The middle section Wright Creek National of the trail follows the tranquil Coeur Recreation Trail d’Alene River, passing fifteen small lakes This trail runs 12 miles through the and marshes loaded with waterfowl. The Elkhorn Mountain Range from Summit west end of the trail lies along the shoreline Campground to Reed Canyon. Follow of scenic Coeur d’Alene Lake for six miles. Indian Mill Trail from Summit Campground It crosses a 3100-foot bridge/trestle to to enjoy fantastic views from the summit Heyburn State Park, the Northwest’s of Elkhorn Peak, at 9095 feet.This trail oldest state park. The trail then follows the is a scenic route open to year round remote forested Plummer Creek Canyon recreational use. This trail can be done for six miles, ending in the community of as a loop by returning to other area trails. Plummer. Hunting for mule deer in the fall. There Address: 31732 S Mission Road, Cataldo is a stock loading ramp in the parking lot ID 83810 (PO Box 30) for equestrians. The Elkhorn Mountain Phone: (208) 682-3814 region features high peaks, and is the William Pogue National largest roadless area in the Bannock Range. Recreation Trail The steep slopes of the canyon are thickly 3400-foot elevation. Trail splits at trailhead. forested with pine, fir, maple, and aspen. One branch heads east along Sheep Creek The trail passes through the saddle north to connect with the Roaring River Trail (11 of the summit. Area wildlife includes mule miles). The other branch goes due south, deer, and some elk, cougar, and bear. following Corral Creek and meeting Forest Westside Ranger District, Caribou Address: Road 221 (8.5 miles). Both sections are -Targhee National Forest, 195 South 300 open to bikes, motorcycles, horses, and East, Malad, ID 83252; Phone: 208-766- hikers. Spurs off the William Pogue trail 5900 are Lava Mountain, Lower Lava Mountain, Source: Public Lands Information Center, and Devils Creek, which all branch off to www.publiclands.org the south from the Sheeps Creek section. Information at trailhead kiosk. From Boise, Photo Courtesy of Idaho Tourism Trail of the Coeur d’Alenes IDAHO BLUE BOOK 430

441 National Wildlife Areas Managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife shallow water and mudflat areas provide Service, the National Wildlife Refuge habitat for willets, avocets, and stilts. System preserves a network of lands Elusive rails are also present along with and waters set aside for the conservation that master of camouflage, the bittern. and management of the nation’s fish, Refuge habitat supports a rich variety of wildlife, and plant resources for the other migratory birds such as hawks, owls, benefit of present and future generations. and many species of songbirds. Refuge Information can be obtained from the biologists have identified 161 bird species following sources: that use the refuge. Hundreds of mule deer winter along Merkley Mountain, and one or Bear Lake National two moose are present during most seasons Wildlife Refuge in refuge willows. Smaller mammals often 322 N 4th St, Montpelier, ID 83254 seen are muskrats, skunks, and cottontail (208) 847-1757 rabbits. Residents less frequently seen Bear Lake Refuge is located in southeast vary from small meadow voles to beavers, Idaho, seven miles south of Montpelier. coyotes, badgers, mink, and weasels. Surrounded by mountains, it lies in Bear Camas National Wildlife Refuge Lake Valley at an elevation ranging from 2150 East 2350 North 5,925 feet on the marsh to 6,800 feet on Hamer, Idaho 83425 the rocky slopes of Merkley Mountain. (208) 662-5423 The interspersion of bulrush, open water, About half of the Camas National Wildlife and uplands provides ideal habitat for Refuge in southeastern Idaho consists numerous waterfowl species. Common of lakes, ponds, and marshlands; the nesting species include the Canada goose, remainder is grass sagebrush uplands, redhead, canvasback, mallard, gadwall, Recreation meadows, and farm fields. Camas Creek cinnamon teal, and northern shoveler. In flows through the length of the refuge. a typical breeding season, the refuge will During migration, which peaks in March- produce 4,500 ducks and 1,800 geese. April and October, up to 50,000 ducks Trumpeter swans are also beginning to and 3,000 geese may be present on the nest on the refuge. The refuge provides refuge. Tundra and trumpeter swans valuable habitat for 12 species that nest visit in the hundreds during migration. in colonies in bulrush. These include The refuge has become a popular swan the white-faced ibis, snowy egret, black- watching destination with hundreds of crowned night-heron, great blue heron, tundra and trumpeter swans stopping double-crested cormorant, California gull, over during migration. Several state Franklin’s gull, Caspian tern, Forster’s tern, record songbird observations have been black tern, western grebe, and eared grebe. made in refuge cottonwood groves on the Each species requires specific conditions refuge. Water management is a critical for its nesting site. Sandhill cranes are component of Camas Refuge operations. frequently observed on the refuge. In An extensive system of canals, dikes, wells, late September, flocks of 200-500 cranes ponds, and water-control structures is often feed on refuge grainfields. Bear Lake used to manipulate water for the benefit Refuge harbors one of the largest nesting of wildlife, with an emphasis on nesting colonies of white-faced ibis, a species waterfowl. Haying and prescribed fire are now quite rare in the United States. Up used to manipulate vegetation in some to 5,000 adult ibis may be present in the fields, and small grain crops are grown to spring. Because of its relative scarcity, provide supplemental feed for geese and management activities give the white-faced cranes and to keep them from damaging ibis special consideration. The refuge’s private croplands. CHAPTER 12: Recreation 431

442 oldest refuges in the National Wildlife Deer Flat National Refuge System, which now includes 540 Wildlife Refuge refuges. The Refuge System celebrated 13751 Upper Embankment Road its centennial in March 2003. Managed Nampa, 83686 by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the (208) 467-9278 System preserves a network of lands and Nestled in the rolling sagebrush hills of waters set aside for the conservation and southwest Idaho, the watery oasis at Deer management of the nation’s fish, wildlife, Flat National Wildlife Refuge provides and plant resources for the benefit of an important breeding area for birds and present and future generations. mammals, as well as other wildlife. The refuge is also a significant resting and Grays Lake National wintering area for birds migrating along Wildlife Refuge the Pacific Flyway, including spectacular 74 Grays Lake Road concentrations of mallards and Canada Wayan, Idaho 83285 geese. Because of its value to birds, (208) 574-2755 Deer Flat has been declared a Globally Grays Lake Refuge is 27 miles north of Important Bird Area by the American Bird Soda Springs in southeast Idaho. It lies Conservancy. Located southwest of Boise, in a high mountain valley at 6,400 feet. Idaho, the refuge has two sectors, Lake Grays “Lake” is actually a large, shallow Lowell and the Snake River Islands. The marsh. It has little open water and is Lake Lowell sector encompasses 10,588 covered with dense vegetation, primarily acres, including the almost 9,000-acre bulrush and cattail. Wet meadows and Lake Lowell and surrounding lands. The grasslands surround the marsh. Winters Snake River Islands sector contains about at Grays Lake are severe and long. Snow 800 acres on 101 islands. These islands cover lasts from November through April, are distributed along 113 river miles from and frost may occur any month of the year. the Canyon-Ada County Line in Idaho to Warm days and cool nights characterize Farewell Bend in Oregon. Several islands summers, with high temperatures only house heron rookeries and gull colonies, rarely exceeding 90 degrees. Annual and provide feeding and resting spots for precipitation averages about 15 inches. migratory birds. The refuge protects a wide Grays Lake Refuge was established in 1965 range of wildlife habitats, from the open with the primary objective of protecting waters and wetland edges of Lake Lowell, and restoring habitat for nesting ducks to the sagebrush uplands around the lake, and geese. Each spring, when the snow to the grasslands and riparian forests on melts in April or May, a large variety of the Snake River islands. Refuge staff use a waterfowl migrate through the refuge and variety of wildlife management techniques some stay to nest. The refuge’s common to create and maintain wildlife habitat. nesting species include the mallard, With assistance from local growers, the cinnamon teal, canvasback, lesser scaup, refuge also cooperatively farms 240 acres redhead, and Canada goose. In recent to provide food for wildlife. The variety of years, trumpeter swans have reestablished habitats makes the refuge an important as an important nesting species. Grays breeding area for resident and migratory Lake is one of the best areas in this region birds and other wildlife. The refuge is also to observe the rare trumpeter. In a typical a significant resting and wintering area for breeding season, the refuge may produce birds migrating along the Pacific Flyway, up to 5,000 ducks, 2,000 geese, and including spectacular concentrations of over 20 swans. Ducks and geese, the last mallards and Canada geese. Deer Flat, birds to migrate south in the fall, remain founded by President Teddy Roosevelt until freeze-up, which usually occurs in on February 25, 1909, is one of the November. Grays Lake hosts the largest IDAHO BLUE BOOK 432

443 swans. Canada geese gather on the nesting population of greater sandhill refuge during August and September, cranes in the world. Over 200 nesting while mallards peak in November. Some pairs have been counted in some years. waterfowl arrive in the spring and stay to Sandhills begin arriving in early April. nest on the refuge. The principal species In the fall, the refuge serves as a staging are mallards, cinnamon and blue-winged area, a place where cranes gather before teal, common golden-eyes, redheads, wood migrating south to New Mexico, Arizona, ducks, and Canada geese. and Mexico for the winter. During the staging period in late September and early Minidoka National October, as many as 3,000 cranes have Wildlife Refuge been observed in the valley at one time. Route 4 Box 290 Abundant wet meadows, shallow water, 961 E Minidoka Dam mudflats, and bulrush marshes provide Rupert, ID 83350-9414 habitat for a large variety of waterbirds. A (208) 436-3589 great number use the refuge during spring, Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge is summer, and fall. Franklin’s gulls nest in located on the Snake River Plain in south- large colonies in bulrush habitat, along central Idaho, 12 miles northeast of Rupert. with a lesser number of white-faced ibis. It includes about 80 miles of shoreline Grebes, bitterns, and elusive rails are also around lake Walcott, from Minidoka Dam present. Shorebirds include curlews, snipe, upstream about 25 miles. Minidoka is one phalaropes, and willets. Refuge habitat link in a chain of many Federal and State supports a variety of other migratory birds, refuges in the Pacific Flyway that provide including eagles, hawks, falcons, and habitat for a variety of species during many species of songbirds. Non-migratory migration each year. Waterfowl are the birds include ruffed and sharp-tailed most abundant migratory wildlife using grouse. Large mammals regularly seen Recreation the refuge. The refuge also serves as a at Grays Lake are moose, elk, and mule molting area for waterfowl in summer. deer. Smaller mammals include muskrats, Of the 28 species of waterfowl that use ground squirrels, and badgers. the refuge, those most commonly seen Kootenai National are the Canada goose, mallard, pintail, Wildlife Refuge redhead, gadwall, and wigeon. Unlike most 287 Westside Road birds, which molt wing and tail feathers Bonners Ferry, Idaho 83805 one at a time, waterfowl lose their wing 267-3888 (208) and tail feathers all at once and remain Located 20 miles from the Canadian border flightless for a month while the feathers and 5 miles from the town of Bonners grow back. The refuge’s secluded bays Ferry, Idaho, Kootenai National Wildlife free of disturbance, with lush beds of Refuge is bordered by the rugged Selkirk vegetation, attract 100,000 molting ducks Mountains to the west, the Kootenai River, and geese from July through September. Deep Creek to the east, and State lands to During spring and fall migrations, over 500 the south. Water is diverted from Myrtle tundra swans use the refuge. Open water, Creek, the refuge’s main water supply, marshes, and mudflats provide habitat for and pumped from the Kootenai River an assortment of waterbirds. Western and and Deep Creek to maintain permanent Clark’s grebes, American coots, and killdeer ponds and to flood waterfowl food plots are commonly seen. Careful observers may in the fall. The primary goal of the also see common loons and shorebirds, refuge is to provide resting and feeding such as willets, American avocets, and habitat for migrating waterfowl. Spring Wilson’s phalaropes. Some birds depend migrants include mallards, northern on mutual defense and isolation to protect pintails, American wigeon, and tundra their nests from predators. Rather than CHAPTER 12: Recreation 433

444 nesting alone, they nest in dense colonies Pronghorns can be found in small numbers on small, isolated islands or in groves of in the wide open sagebrush. Smaller small trees. Often, several species nest mammals often seen are beaver, cottontail, together in one colony. By acting together, jackrabbit, muskrat, porcupine, raccoon, they can repel most predators. Colony striped skunk, mink, coyote, and several nesters on the refuge include western and species of bats. River otters can be seen Clark’s grebes, double-crested cormorant, on occasion. Rare species include couger, great blue heron, snowy egret, black- bobcat, elk, and moose. Most of the upland crowned night heron, American white areas are shallow soils underlain by fairly pelican, California gull, and occasionally recent basalt lava flows, with an occasional great egret or cattle egret. Portions of the sand dune scattered throughout. This mix refuge are closed to public access during of rock, sand, and shallow soil supports a the nesting season to protect the colonies diversity of small mammals, reptiles and from disturbance. The variety of habitats invertebrates. The divergence point of the at Minidoka supports a diversity of birds Oregon and California Trails was about a not found in most areas of Idaho. Over mile south of the refuge boundary and an 230 species have been seen on the refuge. alternate route of the Oregon Trail crossed Because of the colonies and concentrations the northern part of the refuge. of waterfowl, American Bird Conservance Oxford Slough National has designated the refuge an Important Wildlife Refuge Bird Area of Global Significance. Some Just east of the village of Oxford, ID. non-migratory species such as sharp-tailed (208) 237-6615 and sage grouse, ring-necked pheasant, Oxford Slough Waterfowl Production gray partridge, and some songbirds are Area is in Franklin and Bannock counties present year long. Other speies occur only on the edge of Oxford in southeast Idaho. during summer months. Bald eagles can be It was purchased to protect redhead seen regularly during the fall and winter. [duck] nesting habitat. The area is largely Whether perched in a tree, foraging for hardstem bulrush marsh, interspersed with fish below the dam, or sitting on the ice open water and surrounded by areas of feeding on waterfowl, they are always playa, saltgrass flats, native wet meadow, a majestic sight. Look for them in large and some cropland. The lower areas have trees around the park during the winter. It visible alkali deposits. The marsh is fed on takes four or five years before bald eagles the north and drained at the south by Deep get their white heads, so look carefully Creek. A smaller creek and several springs to distinguish young bald eagles from feed the marsh from the west. Attempts golden eagles. Sagebrush is a unique plant to drain it in the 1950s were marginally community composed of plant species successful; the drainage ditches still exist superbly adapted to this region’s hot, dry but have mostly filled in. The native summers and snowy winters. Sagebrush is pasture is no longer grazed. Most of the a critical plant species for many animals, meadows are hayed to provide short grass such as sage grouse, sage sparrow, Brewer’s feeding areas for geese and cranes. Most sparrow, and sage thrasher. Without large of the dry cropland has been converted to expanses of sagebrush, these species will dense nesting cover. The irrigated cropland continue to decline. Pronghorns and mule is used for small grains under a cooperative deer rely on sagebrush for winter food farm agreement; a portion of the crop is and cover all year long. A wide variety of left each year for wildlife. mammals occur on the refuge. Mule deer are commonly seen near the headquarters. Source: US Fish & Wildlife Service www.fws.gov IDAHO BLUE BOOK 434

445 National Historic Landmarks and supplies could be secured, which National Historic Landmarks are nationally resulted in a time-consuming detour. The significant historic places designated by army’s delay made it possible for the Nez the Secretary of the Interior because they Perce to escape into Yellowstone Park and possess exceptional value or quality in Montana. Their remarkable journey toward illustrating or interpreting the heritage of Canada continued six weeks longer as a the United States. Today, fewer than 2,500 historic places bear this national distinction. result of this raid. Working with citizens throughout the Cataldo Mission nation, the National Historic Landmarks Cataldo, Kootenai County ID Program draws upon the expertise of Designation: July 4, 1961 National Park Service staff who work to National Register Number: 66000312 nominate new landmarks and provide Built around 1850 by Jesuit missionaries assistance to existing landmarks. d’Alene Indians, this log and and Coeur U.S. Assay Office adobe church with Baroque and Greek 210 Main Street, Boise ID 83702 Revival details is the oldest surviving Designation: May 30, 1961 church in the Pacific Northwest and also National Register Number: 66000305 the oldest structure in Idaho. The mission Built by the Federal Government in 1870- restoration project was completed in 1975 71, the Boise Assay Office illustrates the importance of mining in the political, and is now a museum administered by the social, economic, and legal development Idaho Department of Parks and Recreation. of Idaho and the Far West. In operation Experimental Breeder from 1872 to 1933, it is one of the most Reactor #1 significant public buildings remaining from Near Arco, Butte County Idaho’s territorial days. Designation: December 21, 1965 Recreation Bear River Massacre Site National Register Number: 66000307 Preston, Franklin County ID On December 20, 1951, the EBR-I produced Designation: June 21, 1990 the first usable amounts of electricity National Register Number: 73000685 created by nuclear means; in July 1963, On January 29, 1863, California Volunteers it was the first reactor to achieve a self- under the command of Col. Patrick Edward sustaining chain reaction using plutonium Conner attacked a band of Northwestern instead of uranium as the major component Shoshone. The bloodiest encounter in the fuel. In addition, the EBR-I was the between Native American and white men to take place in the West in the years first reactor to demonstrate the feasibility between 1848 and 1891, Bear River of using liquid metal at high temperatures Massacre resulted in the deaths of almost as a reactor coolant. 300 Shoshone and 14 soldiers. Fort Hall Camas Meadows Battle Site Bannock County Kilgore, Clark County ID Designation: January 20, 1961 Designation: April 11, 1989 National Register Number: 66000306 National Register Number: 89001081 Fort Hall is the most important trading post On August 19, 1877, the military force in the Snake River Valley and is known for led by Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard which its important association with overland had been pursuing the Nez Perce since migration on the Oregon-California Trails. their departure from Clearwater was in a In the 1860s and 1870s it was a key road position to intercept them in their flight to junction for the overland stage, mail and Canada. Here, on August 20, a pre-dawn freight lines to the towns and camps of the raid by Nez Perce warriors succeeded in capturing most of Howard’s pack mules, mining frontier in the Pacific Northwest. forcing the army to halt until more mules CHAPTER 12: Recreation 435

446 to the buffalo plains in the east. The Lolo Lemhi Pass Trail, used by the explorers to cross the Tendoy, Lemhi County ID Bitterroot Mountains in September 1805, Designation: October 9, 1960 represents probably the most arduous National Register Number: 66000313 single stretch of the entire route traveled On August 12, 1805, when he reached by the expedition. the summit of this pass, Meriwether Lewis stood on the boundary of newly-acquired Weippe Prairie Louisiana, looking west to the snow- Weippe, Clearwater County ID capped peaks of the Bitterroot and Salmon Designation: May 23, 1966 River Ranges, into what was then Spanish National Register Number: 66000311 territory. Situated on a remote section of On the morning of September 20, 1805, the Beaverhead Range, at an elevation an advance party of the Lewis and Clark of 7373’ above sea level, Lemhi Pass Expedition came out of the Bitterroot was the point where the Lewis and Clark Mountains onto the southeastern corner Expedition crossed the Continental Divide. of Weippe Prairie, the western terminus of the Lolo Trail and long a favored source of Lolo Trail camas root for the Nez Perce Indians. Here, Lolo Hot Springs, Clearwater County ID the expedition first encountered the Nez Designation: October 9, 1960 Perce, who had never before seen white National Register Number: 66000309 men. The Nez Perce gave the explorers When, after reaching Lemhi Pass and food as well as much-needed help and crossing the Continental Divide, navigation directions during the 2-1/2 week period of the Salmon River proved impossible, spent in their territory. Lewis and Clark determined to use one of the several trails over the mountains used Source: National Historic Landmarks by the Nez Perce in their annual journeys Programs, www.cr.nps.gov Photo Courtesy of Idaho Parks and Recreation Cataldo Mission IDAHO BLUE BOOK 436

447 Idaho Historic Sites The Idaho State Historical Society emigrants through the area. In the 1840s, oversees historic sites at four locations a rush of settlers followed the Oregon in the state which are operated in Trail to the Oregon country. Rock Creek conjunction with local support groups. was a popular camping spot along the Trail from the outset, and wagon ruts can Old Idaho Penitentiary still be seen at the site. When gold miners 2445 Old Penitentiary Road who rushed to southern Idaho in the early Boise, ID 83712 1860s needed delivery of freight and (208) 334-2844 mail, Rock Creek became a stop on what Directions: From the intersection of became the Kelton Wagon Road. In 1864, Broadway and Warm Springs Avenue, Ben Holladay was awarded a contract to travel east on Warm Springs for about 1.5 deliver mail from Salt Lake City to Walla miles then turn left onto Old Penitentiary Walla, Washington. When his agents built Road. Idaho Territory was less than ten Rock Creek, it became a “home station,” years old when the territorial prison was where stage drivers and attendants lived built east of Boise in 1870. The penitentiary while they were off duty and where grew from a single cellhouse into a complex passengers could buy a meal or a night’s of several distinctive buildings surrounded lodging. The original station consisted of by a high sandstone wall. Convicts quarried a lava-rock building that served as a hotel the stone from the nearby ridges and and barn. In 1865 a store was built at the completed all the later construction. Over site. A small community grew up around its century of operation, the penitentiary the business, which also became a social received more than 13,000 convicts, of center. Railroad construction boosted the whom 215 were women. Spurred in part prosperity of Rock Creek for a period of by conditions that sparked a general riot Recreation time when the transcontinental railroad in 1971 and an even more severe riot in provided a faster and less expensive means 1973, the inmate population was moved to of bringing freight and mail into Utah. a modern penitentiary south of Boise and Those goods were then transported to the Old Idaho Penitentiary was closed on their destinations in Idaho along the Kelton December 3, 1973. After the Penitentiary Wagon Road from the nearest railroad closed in 1973, the site was placed on the stop, at Kelton, Utah. In 1884 the Oregon National Register of Historic Places. Short Line Railroad was constructed Rock Creek Station on the north side of the Snake River — and Stricker Homesite across the river from Rock Creek — and Willow-lined Rock Creek has formed a ultimately contributed to a decline in the welcome refuge for Native Americans, community’s importance. While the Rock explorers, and pioneers traveling through Creek Station was near a railroad, the great south central Idaho for centuries. Because crack in the earth that formed the Snake it is located in a high desert area where River Canyon isolated the settlement and average yearly rainfall is less than 10 its use as a stage stop dwindled. The many inches, the availability of water and plant large ranches that were developed in the life was a natural draw to voyagers and area depended on the store, however, and those in search of a permanent settlement. the cattle industry helped to expand the Beginning around 1810, explorers and community. The 1880 census reported that mountain men followed Indian trails as they 44 people lived in the Rock Creek Valley. trapped in all the drainages of the Snake The 1900 census listed 146 people living River in the area, including Rock Creek. By at Rock Creek. 1840, dwindling beaver populations forced James Bascom and Rock Creek Store: fur traders to a new occupation—guiding John Corder built the store at Rock Creek CHAPTER 12: Recreation 437

448 in 1865, a year after the area had been A gathering place for China House Site: designated a “home station” on the new Chinese attracted to the area by mining, this small building was located east of Overland Stage Line route. The store was also the first trading post between Boise the Rock Creek Store and may have been used as an opium parlor or a store and Fort Hall, and a stopping point on the that sold Chinese merchandise. Beyond Oregon Trail and the Kelton Wagon Road. mining, Chinese settlers tended gardens In 1871 a post office was established in the and sold vegetables at the site. Eventually, store, and it also served as a polling place during elections. In the fall of 1876, two open hostility from other residents and restrictive emmigration laws, such as the German emmigrants, Herman Stricker and John Botzet, bought the store and contents, Exclusion Act of 1882, forced the Chinese a stable and contents, and a dwelling house to leave the area. Positioning of China for approximately $5,300. Stricker became House on the site is identified by lava-rock markers outlining the approximate location the Rock Creek postmaster in 1877 and of its foundation. Recent archaeological served in that position for the next 22 investigations by ISHS archaeologists at years. An addition on the north end of the the China House have identified possible building housed a saloon and card room for structural remains and Chinese domestic use by settlers, cowboys, and travelers. The store was closed in 1897 and later served refuse (rice bowl fragments, a celadon teacup sherd, soy sauce and/or ginger several times as a home for families. The jar fragments). Future excavations are small log store building remains intact planned to help augment the historical at the west end of the site. Its sod roof was replaced with shingles after a wet record by attempting to determine the full extent and intensity of the Chinese winter in 1879-80 and is now covered by a preservation roof constructed in 1985. presence at Stricker Ranch during the late nineteenth century. Located north of the Rock Dry Cellar: Stricker House: Creek Store, the cellar was used for Herman Stricker, who moved to Rock Creek in 1876, filed for storage of food and supplies, as a jail, and and was granted a water claim for 300 reportedly for protection from Indians. inches of Rock Creek water. He completed A semi-subterranean structure, it was a ditch for irrigation and mining in 1884 created by utilizing a natural depression and appropriated an additional 200 inches in the basalt and enlarging it by removing of Rock Creek water at that time. Stricker additional rock. Poles and a dirt roof were added to complete the structure. It is homesteaded additional land until his family holdings totaled 960 acres. An entered through a door on the south side original six-room log cabin constructed of the structure. Also located north of the Wet Cellar: by Stricker near the store burned down in Rock Creek Store, the cellar was used March of 1900. Later that year, the Stricker to store saloon supplies. It too is a semi- family built a new home, which exists today subterranean structure created by utilizing on the southeast corner of the Rock Creek the natural depression in the basalt, site. The house was constructed with walls enlarged by removing additional rock. of hand-hewn lumber hauled from Albion. Poles and a dirt roof were added to In 1916 the original 11-room structure was complete the structure. It is entered expanded with an extension on the formal through a door on the south side. dining room, present kitchen, bath, service Stage Station Site: Built by Ben Holladay entrance, sun porch, and storage area. The to accommodate 40 horses and overnight upper floor of the house served as a hotel stops by stage passengers and to serve for travelers, cowboys, and engineers and meals on his Overland Stage Line route, surveyors during construction of Milner the foundation of the building is still visible Dam and the Twin Falls Canal. east of the dry and wet cellars. Located south of the Summer House: IDAHO BLUE BOOK 438

449 across from the city square. Hatch was the Stricker Ranch House, this building served town’s temporal and spiritual leader from as the kitchen during 1916 construction on 1863 to 1875. He was the second Mormon the original home and was used during hot bishop and the first mayor of Franklin. He weather to help keep the house cool. was also the first Mormon legislator in Pioneer Cemetery: Located on a five- Idaho. The stone Greek Revival style of the acre piece of private land west of the house was popular in Utah in the 1870s and Rock Creek site for which the Society the structure was occupied by descendants has responsibility, the cemetery contains of Bishop Hatch until the 1940s. It was graves dating from 1874 to 1897. Fencing acquired by the Historical Society in 1979. and markers were added to the location in When ownership of the house was assumed 1990 and 1991, but livestock grazing in the by the State of Idaho, the ground floor had field around the cemetery have continually been completely gutted by the previous damaged the protective fencing and owner. Extensive modifications had been threatened preservation of the remaining made to the ground floor, which was grave markers. raised approximately seven inches, and Franklin Historic Properties all interior walls were removed. The house The town of Franklin was founded in is still in that condition. The second story the spring of 1860 by Mormon pioneers survives with little modification and could moving north through the Cache Valley be restored to an 1870-80s appearance in of Utah. Sixty-one families built small the future. A 1910 addition, made of a cabins along the Cub River (at that time hard yellow brick, housed a new kitchen called the Muddy River) and commenced and pantry, later altered to a bathroom. farming. Settlers fanned out to establish This section of the house has been altered new communities in northern Cache by the previous owner. Valley. These early pioneers believed Recreation Relic Hall: In 1923 the Franklin Pioneer they were still in Utah, and not until Association bought the old Franklin 1872 did an official boundary survey Cooperative Mercantile Building, located fix the Idaho-Utah border a mile south on Main Street one block east of US of where Franklin was established. In Highway 91, to use as a museum. After a typical Utah pattern, the first settlers running out of room in that facility, the laid out wide streets and held a drawing Association deeded a building lot to the to distribute town and farm lots. Town State of Idaho located adjacent to and west lots were large enough to accommodate of the Mercantile Building, hoping that a a garden, barn, and outbuildings. Space new building would be constructed on the was reserved for a central square — which site. The legislature appropriated funds for today is the Franklin City Park, located construction of a rustic log hall, which was south of the State of Idaho properties for built in 1936-37 from timber provided by which the Idaho State Historical Society is the Forest Service and labor by Civilian responsible. The Relic Hall is open to the Conservation Corps crews. The Idaho State public from Memorial Day through Labor Historical Society has been responsible for Day and at other times by appointment. maintaining the Relic Hall building since The Franklin Cooperative Mercantile its construction. Building, which primarily houses Mormon Franklin Cooperative Mercantile history of a local and denominational Believed to have been constructed Building: nature, is open periodically, mostly by in 1870, this building stands on the east appointment. The Hatch House is closed. side of the Relic Hall and is probably the In 1872, Lorenzo Hill The Hatch House: best preserved early commercial building Hatch built his elegant stone house on one in Idaho. It is still used as an adjunct of Franklin’s largest lots on Main Street, display area to the Relic Hall. CHAPTER 12: Recreation 439

450 the spring of 1861 to run a sawmill, but he Pierce Courthouse soon left to search for a new mining region. For many years, the town of Pierce enjoyed On January 8, 1861, the Washington the distinction of being Idaho’s oldest Legislature established Shoshone County town. However, later research determined and made Pierce the county seat. By that that Franklin, in southeastern Idaho, was summer, thousands of gold seekers poured actually settled several months earlier into the Nez Perce country, which had been by Mormon pioneers. The first gold rush set aside as a reservation in 1855, and the on the Nez Perce Indian Reservation town became a boisterous mining town in started at the site in September of 1860 what was then Washington Territory. At when W. F. Bassett, one of a company of first, the county commissioners met and prospectors, began successfully panning court proceedings were held in rented for gold in Orofino Creek at the mouth rooms. Private citizens were paid to of Canal Gulch. Although prospecting on provide room and board for prisoners. In the reservation was illegal, the discovery 1862, Shoshone County built a courthouse stirred up a mining fever among residents at Pierce. The county remained a part of of Walla Walla, Washington, and several Washington Territory until Idaho Territory expeditions ventured into the Clearwater was established in 1863. By then roads, River area. The original prospectors and towns, farms, and dwellings were scattered many of the subsequent expeditions were across the landscape, and that year a new led by Elias D. Pierce, an individual more treaty reduced the Nez Perce reservation interested in opening new areas to mining to less than one tenth its original size. The than in actually seeking the mineral Pierce Courthouse served governmental himself. Instead, he visited the Washington needs until 1885, when the county seat territorial capital in Olympia and lobbied was moved to Murray. for permission to build a toll road to the new mining region. During his absence, Source: Idaho Historic Sites Office 208-334- other miners named the new town in his 2844; history.idaho.gov/ honor. Pierce himself returned briefly in FISHING IN IDAHO Fish and Game has developed Family Idaho is famous for its fishing. More than 10 Fishing Water regulations. In these areas world-class blue-ribbon wild trout streams, there are year-around seasons, a general including the Henrys Fork, Silver Creek and six-fish limit for trout, bass, walleye and the St. Joe River, are scattered throughout pike and no bag limit on other species. the state. Idaho’s rugged mountains There are no length limits or tackle contain more than 1,500 high mountain requirements. lakes with good trout fishing. Numerous Salmon and Steelhead: Idaho is the large natural lakes and reservoirs provide only inland western state with ocean- a wide variety of fishing opportunities for run salmon and steelhead, and when warm and cold-water species. In contrast conditions are right, the hatchery part to some states, most Idaho fishing waters of these runs provide an exciting fishing are located in the public domain, and are experience. State records are 54 pounds open to the public. Access is free. for salmon and 30 pounds, 2 ounces for Family Fishing Waters: In response to steelhead. anglers’ requests for more family-oriented fishing opportunities and simplified rules, HUNTING IN IDAHO mountain lions too, and a variety of upland Idaho has some of the best and most game, turkeys and waterfowl. The state is varied hunting in the west, from the two-thirds public land and a Fish and Game trophy species of moose, bighorn sheep program called Access Yes! is opening up and mountain goat to the more often more private land every year. hunted deer (mule deer and whitetails), elk and antelope. We hunt black bear and IDAHO BLUE BOOK 440

451 Idaho Fish and Game License and Tag Sales Number Sold % Change Description FY 2015 FY 2016 15 to 16 Change 156,656 147,917 (8,739) -5.6% Resident Combination 20,993 79 0.4% 21,072 Resident Sportsman Package 151,829 145,834 (5,995) -3.9% Resident Season Fishing Resident Short-term Fishing 6,908 6,804 (104) -1.5% Resident Hunting 61,797 (2,399) -3.7% 64,196 Total Resident Licenses 400,582 383,424 (17,158) -4.3% Non-resident Combination 1,973 1,857 (116) -5.9% Non-resident Season Fishing 25,099 24,886 (213) -0.8% -0.8% Non-resident Short-term Fishing 135,652 134,547 (1,105) 3,135 8.5% Non-resident Hunting* 37,022 40,157 Total Non-resident Licenses 201,447 1,701 0.9% 199,746 239,086 246,042 6,956 2.9% Resident Tags Resident Tags in Sportsman Pack* 120,414 121,626 1,212 1.0% Non-resident Tags 44,872 4,527 11.2% 40,345 Miscellaneous Permits 199,894 207,847 7,953 4.0% Recreation Misc. Permits in Sportsman Pack** 79,013 79,399 386 0.5% Miscellaneous Permit issued at $0 93,698 1,504 1.6% 92,194 Controlled Hunt Applications 212,651 215,450 2,799 1.3% Total Tags, Permits, and Misc. 983,597 1,008,934 25,337 2.6% Total Licenses, Tags, & Permits 1,593,805 9,880 0.6% 1,583,925 * Includes all hunting licenses (Big Game, Small Game, Nongame, and Shooting Preserve) ** Fees were collected in the sale of the sportsman package license sale. • From FY 2015 to FY 2016, Fish and Game resident license sales decreased by 17,158 units or 4.3%. At the same time, nonresident license sales increased by 1,701 or 0.9%. • Overall sales of licenses, tags and permits were up by 9,880 units or 0.6% from FY 2015 to FY 2016. Source: Idaho Fiscal Facts 2016: A Legislator’s Handbook of Facts, Figures, & Trends CHAPTER 12: Recreation 441

452 State Bank of Kamiah Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Franklin Cooperative Mercantile Institution Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society 442 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

453 Appendix Appendix 443 APPENDIX

454 Secretaries of State AMERICAN SAMOA ALASKA (CEO) ALABAMA (CEO) Lemanu Peleti Mauga (D) Byron I. Mallott (D) John Merrill (R) Lieutenant Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Territory of 550 W 7th, Ste 1700 P.O. Box 5616 American Samoa Anchorage, AK 99501 Montgomery, AL 36103 Pago Pago, AS 96799 (907) 269-7460 (334) 242-7200 (684) 633-4116 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] gov CALIFORNIA (CEO) ARKANSAS (CEO) ARIZONA (CEO) Alex Padilla (D) Mark Martin (R) Michele Reagan (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State 1500 11th Street 500 Woodlane St, Ste 12 1700 West Washington, Sacramento, CA 95814 Little Rock, AR 72201 Ste 1700 (916) 653-7244 (501) 682-1010 Phoenix, AZ 85007 [email protected] [email protected] (602) 542-4285 [email protected] DELAWARE CONNECTICUT (CEO) COLORADO (CEO) Jeffrey W. Bullock (D) Denise Merrill (D) Wayne Williams (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State 401 Federal Street Capitol Office 1700 Broadway, Suite 200 Dover, DE 19901 PO Box 150470 Denver, CO 80290 (302) 739-4111 Hartford, CT 06115-0470 (303) 894-2200 [email protected] (860) 509-6200 [email protected] [email protected] GEORGIA (CEO) FLORIDA (CEO) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Brian Kemp (R) Ken Detzner (R) Lauren Vaughan (D) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of the District 214 State Capitol 500 S Bronough St 1350 Pennsylvania Ave., NW Atlanta, GA 30334 Ste 100 Suite 419 (844) 753-7825 Tallahassee, FL 32399 Washington, DC 20004 [email protected] (850) 245-6000 (202) 727-6306 [email protected] [email protected] myflorida.com IDAHO (CEO) HAWAII GUAM Lawerence Denney (R) Shan S. Tsutsui (D) Ray Tenorio (R) Secretary of State Lieutenant Governor Lieutenant Governor P.O. Box 83720 Exec. Chambers P.O. Box 2950 Boise, ID 83720 State Capitol Hagatna, GU 96932 (208) 334-2300 Honolulu, HI 96813 (671) 475-9380 [email protected] (808) 586-0255 [email protected] [email protected] INDIANA (CEO) ILLINOIS IOWA (CEO) Connie Lawson (R) Jesse White (D) Paul Pate (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State 201 State Capitol Lucas Bldg., 1st Fl. 213 State Capitol 321 E. 12th Street Springfield, IL 62756 Indianapolis, IN 46204 (217) 782-2201 (317) 232-6536 Des Moines, IA 50319 [email protected] [email protected] (515) 281-6230 [email protected] IDAHO BLUE BOOK 444

455 Secretaries of State (continued) LOUISIANA (CEO) KENTUCKY (CEO) KANSAS (CEO) Tom Schedler (R) Alison Lundergan-Grimes (D) Kris Kobach (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State P.O. Box 94125 700 Capital Ave., Suite 152 120 SW 10th Avenue Baton Rouge, LA 70804 Frankfort, KY 40601 Topeka, KS 66612 (225) 922-2880 (502) 564-3490 (785) 296-4575 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] MASSACHUSETTS (CEO) MARYLAND MAINE (CEO) William Galvin (D) John Wobensmith (R) Matt Dunlap (D) Secretary of Cmwlth Secretary of State Secretary of State State House, Rm 337 16 Francis Street 148 State House Station 24 Beacon Street Annapolis, MD 21401 Augusta, ME 04333 Boston, MA 02133 (410) 974-5521 (207) 626-8400 (617) 727-9180 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] gov MISSISSIPPI (CEO) MINNESOTA (CEO) MICHIGAN (CEO) Delbert Hosemann, Jr. (R) Steve Simon (D) Ruth Johnson (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State 125 S. Congress Street 180 State Capitol 430 W. Allegan Street Jackson, MS 39201 100 Rev. Dr. MLK Jr. Blvd. 4th Floor (601) 359-1350 St. Paul, MN 55155 Lansing, MI 48918 [email protected] (651) 201-1324 (517) 373-2510 ms.gov [email protected] [email protected] mn.us NEBRASKA (CEO) MONTANA (CEO) MISSOURI (CEO) John Gale (R) Corey Stapleton (R) Jay Ashcroft (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State P.O. Box 94608 P.O. Box 202801 600 West Main Lincoln, NE 68509 Helena, MT 59620 P.O. Box 1767 (402) 471-2554 (406) 444-2034 Jefferson City, MO 65101 Appendix [email protected] [email protected] (573)751-4936 [email protected] NEW JERSEY (CEO) NEW HAMPSHIRE (CEO) NEVADA (CEO) Kim Guadagno (R) William Gardner (D) Barbara Cegavske (R) Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Secretary of State 33 State St, 8th Fl State House Room 204 101 N Carson St, Ste 3 Trenton, NJ 08625 Concord, NH 03301 Carson City, NV 89701 (609) 292-6000 (603) 271-3242 (775) 684-5708 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] NORTH CAROLINA NEW YORK NEW MEXICO (CEO) Elaine Marshall (D) Rossanna Rosado (D) Maggie Toulouse Oliver (D) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State 1 Commerce Plaza 325 Don Gaspar, Ste 300 P.O. Box 29622 99 Washington Ave, Santa Fe, NM 87501 Raleigh, NC 27626 Ste. 1100 (505) 827-3600 (919) 814-5400 Albany, NY 12231 [email protected] [email protected] (518) 486-9846 nm.us [email protected] APPENDIX 445

456 Secretaries of State (continued) OKLAHOMA OHIO (CEO) NORTH DAKOTA (CEO) Dave Lopez (R) Jon Husted (R) Alvin “Al” Jaeger (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State 2300 N. Lincoln Blvd. 180 E. Broad St, 16th Fl 600 East Boulevard Dept 108 Ste 101 Columbus, OH 43215 Bismarck, ND 58505 Oklahoma City, OK 73105 (614) 466-2655 (701) 328-2900 (405) 521-3912 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] state.gov ok.gov PUERTO RICO PENNSYLVANIA (CEO) OREGON (CEO) Luis Rivera Marin (R) Pedro A. Cortés (D) Dennis Richardson (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State Box 9023271 302 North Office Building 136 State Capitol San Juan, PR 00902 Harrisburg, PA 17120 Salem, OR 97310 (787) 722-2121 (717) 787-6458 (503) 986-1523 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] SOUTH DAKOTA (CEO) SOUTH CAROLINA RHODE ISLAND (CEO) Shantel Krebs (R) Mark Hammond (R) Nellie Gorbea (D) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State 500 E Capitol Ave 1205 Pendleton St 82 Smith Street, Rm 217 Ste 204 Ste 525 Providence, RI 02903 Pierre, SD 57501 Columbia, SC 29201 (401) 222-2357 (605) 773-3537 (803) 734-2170 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] UTAH (CEO) TEXAS (CEO) TENNESSEE Spencer Cox (R) Rolando Pablos (R) Tre Hargett (R) Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Secretary of State PO Box 142325 1100 Congress Avenue State Capitol, First Floor Salt Lake City, UT 84114 Austin, TX 78701 Nashville, TN 37243 (801) 538-1041 (512) 463-5770 (615) 741-2819 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] gov VIRGINIA VIRGIN ISLANDS VERMONT (CEO) Kelly Thomasson (D) Osbert Potter (I) Jim Condos (D) Secretary of the Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Commonwealth 1131 King St, Ste 101 128 State Street P.O. Box 2454 St. Croix, USVI 00820 Montpelier, VT 05633 Richmond, VA 23218 (340) 774-2991 (802) 828-2148 (804) 786-2441 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] governor.virginia.gov WISCONSIN WEST VIRGINIA (CEO) WASHINGTON (CEO) Douglas La Follette (D) Mac Warner (R) Kim Wyman (R) Secretary of State Secretary of State Secretary of State Building 1, Suite-157K P.O. Box 40220 P.O. Box 7848 1900 Kanawha Blvd Olympia, WA 98503 Madison, WI 53707 Charleston, WV 25305 (360) 902-4151 (608) 266-8888 (304) 558-6000 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] wi.us IDAHO BLUE BOOK 446

457 (continued) Secretaries of State WYOMING (CEO) Ed Murray (R) Secretary of State 2020 Carey Ave Ste 600 & 700 Cheyenne, WY 82002 (307) 777-7378 [email protected] CEO = Chief Election Official Source: National Association of Secretaries of State (NASS) www.nass.org Photo Courtesy of Idaho State Historical Society Orofino Post Office Appendix APPENDIX 447

458 Area Codes All phone numbers in this edition of the Idaho Blue Book begin with the 208 area 986 will be assigned to new phone code. Beginning September 5, 2017, the area code numbers state-wide. Because both area codes will be used throughout the state, 10-digit calling is now required. Zip Codes Zip Code Post office/County Zip Code Post office/County Clark Fork, Bonner 83811 Aberdeen, Bingham 83210 Clarkia, Shoshone 83812 Ahsahka, Clearwater 83520 83311 Albion, Cassia 83227 Clayton, Custer Almo, Cassia 83312 83228 Clifton, Franklin Cobalt, Lemhi American Falls, Power 83211 83229 Cocolalla, Bonner 83813 Arbon, Power 83212 83814 83213 Coeur d’Alene*, Kootenai Arco, Butte Colburn, Bonner Arimo, Bannock 83865 83214 83420 Ashton, Fremont Conda, Caribou 83230 Athol, Kootenai 83801 Coolin, Bonner 83821 Corral, Camas Atlanta, Elmore 83601 83322 Atomic City, Bingham 83522 Cottonwood, Idaho 83215 83612 Council, Adams 83802 Avery, Shoshone 83523 83217 Bancroft, Caribou Craigmont, Lewis Banks, Boise 83524 Culdesac, Nez Perce 83602 83232 Dayton, Franklin Basalt, Bingham 83218 Bayview, Kootenai 83823 Deary, Latah 83803 83313 Bellevue, Blaine 83323 Declo, Cassia 83824 83220 Desmet, Benewah Bern, Bear Lake Blackfoot, Bingham Dietrich, Lincoln 83324 83221 83804 83233 Dingle, Bear Lake Blanchard, Bonner Bliss, Gooding 83314 Donnelly, Valley 83615 83825 Bloomington, Bear Lake Dover, Bonner 83223 Downey, Bannock Boise*, Ada 83234 83708 83422 Driggs, Teton 83805 Bonners Ferry, Boundary Dubois, Clark 83423 83806 Bovill, Latah Eagle, Ada 83604 Bruneau, Owyhee 83616 Buhl, Twin Falls Eastport, Boundary 83316 83826 Burley, Cassia Eden, Jerome 83325 83318 83808 Calder, Shoshone Elk City, Idaho 83525 Elk River, Clearwater 83827 Caldwell*, Canyon 83605 83610 83235 Cambridge, Washington Ellis, Custer Carey, Blaine 83320 Emmett, Gem 83617 83809 Careywood, Bonner Fairfield, Camas 83327 83424 83462 Carmen, Lemhi Felt, Teton Fenn, Idaho 83531 Cascade, Valley 83611 Castleford, Twin Falls Ferdinand, Idaho 83321 83526 83830 Fernwood, Benewah Cataldo, Kootenai 83810 Filer, Twin Falls 83328 Challis, Custer 83226 Chester, Fremont Firth, Bingham 83236 83421 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 448

459 (continued) Zip Codes Zip Code Post office/County Post office/County Zip Code 83633 83287 King Hill, Elmore Fish Haven, Bear Lake Kingston, Shoshone 83839 83203 Fort Hall, Bannock Kooskia, Idaho 83237 Franklin, Franklin 83539 Fruitland, Payette 83619 83840 Kootenai, Bonner Garden City, Ada Kuna, Ada 83634 83714 Garden Valley, Boise 83841 Laclede, Bonner 83622 83635 83832 Lake Fork, Valley Genesee, Latah 83238 Geneva, Bear Lake Lapwai, Nez Perce 83540 Georgetown, Bear Lake 83239 83246 Lava Hot Springs, Bannock Gibbonsville, Lemhi 83464 Leadore, Lemhi 83463 Glenns Ferry, Elmore 83465 Lemhi, Lemhi 83623 83541 83330 Lenore, Clearwater Gooding, Gooding Grace, Caribou 83636 83241 Letha, Gem 83501 83624 Grand View, Owyhee Lewiston, Nez Perce Lewisville, Jefferson 83431 83530 Grangeville, Idaho Lowman, Boise 83637 Greencreek, Idaho 83533 83626 Greenleaf, Canyon Lucile, Idaho 83542 Hagerman, Gooding 83332 Mackay, Custer 83251 83433 Macks Inn, Fremont Hailey, Blaine 83333 Malad City, Oneida 83252 Hamer, Jefferson 83425 83342 83627 Hammett, Elmore Malta, Cassia Marsing, Owyhee Hansen, Twin Falls 83334 83639 83253 May, Lemhi 83833 Harrison, Kootenai 83638 McCall, Valley 83834 Harvard, Latah 83835 83250 McCammon, Bannock Hayden, Kootenai Hazelton, Jerome 83842 Medimont, Kootenai 83335 Heyburn, Minidoka 83336 83641 Melba, Canyon 83337 83434 Menan, Jefferson Hill City, Camas Meridian*, Ada 83243 Holbrook, Oneida 83642 83628 83643 Mesa, Adams Homedale, Owyhee Appendix Hope, Bonner Middleton, Canyon 83644 83836 Horseshoe Bend, Boise Midvale, Washington 83645 83629 Howe, Butte Minidoka, Minidoka 83343 83244 Monteview, Jefferson 83630 Huston, Canyon 83435 Idaho City, Boise 83631 Montpelier, Bear Lake 83254 Idaho Falls*, Bonneville 83401 83255 Moore, Butte Indian Valley, Adams 83632 Moreland, Bingham 83256 Inkom, Bannock 83843 Moscow*, Latah 83245 Iona, Bonneville 83427 83647 Mountain Home, Elmore Irwin, Bonneville 83428 Mountain Home AFB, Elmore 83648 Island Park, Fremont 83845 Moyie Springs, Boundary 83429 Jerome, Jerome 83338 83846 Mullan, Shoshone Juliaetta, Latah 83535 Murphy, Owyhee 83650 Kamiah, Lewis & Idaho 83536 Murray, Shoshone 83874 83837 83344 Kellogg, Shoshone Murtaugh, Twin Falls Kendrick, Latah 83537 Nampa*, Canyon 83651 83340 Ketchum, Blaine Naples, Boundary 83847 83654 New Meadows, Adams Kimberly, Twin Falls 83341 APPENDIX 449

460 Zip Codes (continued) Post office/County Zip Code Zip Code Post office/County New Plymouth, Payette 83655 83272 Saint Charles, Bear Lake Newdale, Fremont Saint Maries, Benewah 83436 83861 Salmon, Lemhi 83467 Nezperce, Lewis 83543 83864 Sandpoint, Bonner Nordman, Bonner 83848 83866 83466 Santa, Benewah North Fork, Lemhi Notus, Canyon Shelley, Bingham 83656 83274 Shoshone, Lincoln Oakley, Cassia 83346 83352 Shoup, Lemhi 83469 Ola, Gem 83657 83867 Silverton, Shoshone Oldtown, Bonner 83822 Smelterville, Shoshone 83544 Orofino, Clearwater 83868 Soda Springs, Caribou 83276 83849 Osburn, Shoshone Spencer, Clark 83446 Paris, Bear Lake 83261 Parker, Fremont 83438 83869 Spirit Lake, Kootenai Springfield, Bingham 83277 Parma, Canyon 83660 83278 Stanley, Custer Paul, Minidoka 83347 Star, Ada 83669 Payette, Payette 83661 Stites, Idaho Peck, Nez Perce 83545 83552 Picabo, Blaine Sugar City, Madison 83448 83348 83546 Pierce, Clearwater Sun Valley*, Blaine 83353 Swan Valley, Bonneville 83449 Pinehurst, Shoshone 83850 Pingree, Bingham Swanlake, Bannock 83262 83281 Sweet, Gem 83670 83666 Placerville, Boise Plummer, Benewah Tendoy, Lemhi 83851 83468 Tensed, Benewah Pocatello*, Bannock 83870 83201 Terreton, Jefferson 83450 83547 Pollock, Idaho Ponderay, Bonner 83852 83451 Teton, Fremont 83853 Porthill, Boundary Tetonia, Teton 83452 83854 Post Falls*, Kootenai Thatcher, Franklin 83283 83871 Troy, Latah 83855 Potlatch, Latah Preston, Franklin Twin Falls*, Twin Falls 83301 83263 Priest River, Bonner Ucon, Bonneville 83454 83856 Princeton, Latah Victor, Teton 83455 83857 Viola, Latah Rathdrum, Kootenai 83858 83872 83873 Wallace, Shoshone Reubens, Lewis 83548 Rexburg*, Madison 83440 Warren, Idaho 83671 Richfield, Lincoln 83285 Wayan, Caribou 83349 83553 Weippe, Clearwater Rigby, Jefferson 83442 Riggins, Idaho 83549 Weiser, Washington 83672 Ririe, Jefferson 83355 Wendell, Gooding 83443 83286 Weston, Franklin Roberts, Jefferson 83444 Rockland, Power 83271 White Bird, Idaho 83554 Rogerson, Twin Falls 83302 Wilder, Canyon 83676 Rupert, Minidoka 83350 83555 Winchester, Lewis 83860 83876 Sagle, Bonner Worley, Kootenai Saint Anthony, Fremont 83445 Yellow Pine, Valley 83677 * This post office has more than one five-digit Zip code, the Zip code listed is for the postmaster. Source: U.S. Postal Zip Code Directory IDAHO BLUE BOOK 450

461 Index Index 451 INDEX

462 Bond Bank Authority, Idaho 94 Bonner County 275 Index Brand Board, State 94 Brigham Young University–Idaho 330 Brundage Mountain Ski Resort 405 Symbols Bruneau River 415 Building Authority, State 95 A Building Code Board 95, 131 Bureau Of Land Management 411 Accountancy, State Board Of 88 Butte County 276 Ada County 271 Adams County 271 C Aeronautics Advisory Board 89 California National Historic Trail 426 Aging, Idaho Commission On 89 Camas County 277 Alfalfa And Clover Seed Commission Canola & Rapeseed Commission, Idaho 89 129 Alpine Ski Areas 405 Canvassers, Board Of 95 Annual Average Labor Force 351 Capitol Apple Commission, Idaho 90 Idaho State 21 Architectural Examiners, Board Of 90 Capitol Building 21 Arts, Idaho Commission On The 90 Building And Architectural Details 23 B Capitol Grounds 26 Capitol Commission, State 96, 97 Bald Mountain Ski Resort 405 Carbon Sequestration, Advisory Bannock County 272 Committee 96 Barber Examiners, State Board Of 91 Cassia County 278 Barley Commission, Idaho 91 Cataldo Mission 435 Basin Environmental Improvement Children At Risk Task Force 98, 101 Project Commission 91 Children’s Trust Fund Board 98 Bean Commission, Idaho 92 Chiropractic Physicians, Board Of 99 Bear Lake 399 Chronology Bear Lake County 272 Idaho History Chronicle 29 Bear River Commission 92 Idaho Territory 31 Beef Council, Idaho 92, 93 Northwest Territory 29 Benewah County 273 State Of Idaho 33 Big Jacks Creek 415 Washington Territory 31 Big Southern Butte 424 Cities 268 Bingo-Raffle Advisory Board 93 City Of Rocks National Reserve 399 Birds Of Prey National Conservation Climate 3 Area 423 Code Commission, Idaho 117 Blaine County 274 Coeur D’alene Parkway 400 Blind And Visually Impaired, Idaho The College Of Idaho 332 Commission 94 College Of Southern Idaho 323 Bogus Basin Ski Resort 405 College Of Western Idaho 324 Boise Bible College 329 Boise County 274 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 452

463 Economic, Pacific Northwest Regional Colleges And Universities Idaho Council (Pnwer Council) Albertson College Of Idaho 332 133 Boise Bible College 329 Education 316 Brigham Young University–Idaho 330 Endowment Trusts 317 College Of Southern Idaho 323 Education, State Board Of 106 Idaho State University 319 Electrical Board 107 North Idaho College 328 Electronic Recording Commission 107 Northwest Nazarene University 333 Emergency Medical Services Physician University Of Idaho 321 Commission, Idaho 108 Contractors Board, Idaho 99 Endowment Fund Invesment Board, Correction, Board Of 99 Idaho 108 Cosmetology, Board Of 100 Endowment Land Transaction Advisory Counselors And Marriage & Family Committee 108 Therapists, State Board Of Endowment Trusts 317 Professional 134 Energy Resources Authority 109 County Engineers And Land Surveyoys, State Government 268 Board Of Professional 134 Officials 268 Environmental Quality, Board Of 109 Court Of Appeals 250 Experimental Breeder Reactor #1 435 Crapo, Michael D. (US Senator) 48 Crater Rings 424 F Craters Of The Moon National Monument And Preserve 413 Farragut 400 Credit Rating Enhancement Committee, Fish And Game Commission, Idaho 110 Idaho 102, 104 Fishing In Idaho 440 Crime & Law Enforcement 384 Forest Products Commission 111 Criminal Justice Commission 102 Fort Hall 435 Franklin Historic Properties 439 D G Deaf And Blind, Idaho Bureau Of Educational Services For The 103 Gem County 282 Geologists, State Board Of Registration Deaf And Hard Of Hearing, Council For For Professional 138 The 100 Governor Deferred Compensation Committee 103 C.L. “Butch” Otter 60, 62, 64 Dentistry, Board Of 104 Grand Targhee Ski Resort 406 Index Developmental Disabilities Council 104 Grape Growers And Wine Producers Domestic Violence And Victims Commission 112 Assistance, Council On 100 Dormitory Housing Commission 105 H Hagerman Fossil Bed National E Monument 413 Economic Advisory Council, Idaho 106 Hazardous Waste Facility Siting License Application Review Panel 112 INDEX 453

464 Judicial Council 119 Health 384 Juvenile Justice Commission 118, 120 Health And Welfare, State Board 112, 113 K Health Facilities Authority, Idaho 112, 113 Kelly Canyon Ski Resort 406 Health Insurance Exchange Board, Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge 433 Idaho 113, 114 Heating Ventilation & Air Conditioning, L Idaho Board 114 Lake Pend Oreille Basin Commission Hells Canyon National Recreation Area 121 414 Lake Walcott 402 Hells Gate 401 Land Board 121 Heyburn 401 Landscape Architects, Idaho Board Of Hispanic Affairs Commission 114 121 Historical Records Advisory Board, State Latah County 285 115 Lava Hot Springs Foundation 121 Historical Society, Idaho State Board Of Law Library 251 Trustees 143 Legislative Compensation Committee Historic Sites, Idaho 437 121 Lewis And Clark History Timeline 14 Chronicle 29 Trail 13 Hobo Cedar Grove Botanical Area 424 Lewis And Clark National Trail 427 Honey Advertising Commission, Idaho Lewis And Clark Timeline 14 115 Lewis And Clark Trail Committee 122 Horse Board 115, 116 Lewis-Clark State College 327 Humanities Council, Idaho 116 Lewis County 286 Human Rights, Idaho Commission On Libraries, Idaho Commission For 122 116 Liquified Petroleum Gas Safety Board, Hunting In Idaho 440 Idaho 123 I Little Ski Hill 406 Lost Trail Powder Mountain 406 Idaho County 283 Lottery Commission, Idaho 123 Idaho Courts 249 Idaho Day 20 M Idaho History Chronicle 29 Madison County 287 Idaho State University 319 Magic Mountain Ski And Summer Independent Living Council, State 117 Resort 407 Indian Affairs, Council On 101 Magistrates Commission 124 Industrial Commission, Idaho 118 Massage Therapy, Board Of 125 Insurance Fund, State Board 119 Medal Of Honor Commission 125 J Jarbidge River 417 Judicial Council 251 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 454

465 Media Pardons And Parole, Commission On Associations 348 130 Periodicals 347 Park And Recreation Board 130 Radio Stations 337, 340 Park N’ Ski Program 409 Wire Service 348 Pea And Lentil Commission, Idaho 130 Peace Officer Standards And Training Medicine, State Board Of 125 Council 131 Middle Fork Of The Clearwater 416 Pebble Creek Ski Resort 407 Midwifery, Board Of 126 Per Capita Income 352 Walt Minnick 50 Periodicals 347 Mint Commission, Idaho 126 Morticians, State Board Of 127 Personnel Commission, Idaho 131 Motor Vehicle Dealers Advisory Board 127 Petroleum Storage Tank Fund Board 132 N Pharmacy, Board Of 132 Physical Therapy Licensure Board 132 National Forests And Grasslands 412 Pierce Courthouse 440 National Historic And Recreation Trails Plumbing Board, State 132 426 Podiatry, State Board Of 133 National Natural Landmarks 423 Potato Commission, Idaho 133 Niagara Springs 424 Power County 290 Nordic Ski Areas 409 Priest Lake 403 North Idaho College 328 Psychologist Examiners, Board Of 134 Northwest Nazarene University 333 Public Employee Retirement System Of Northwest Power And Conservation Idaho Board 135, 136, 140, 144 Council 127 Public Safety & Security Information Northwest Territory 29 System, Idaho (Formerly Ilets) 136 O Public Utilities Commission 137 Old Mission 400 Public Works Contractors License Board Oneida County 288 137 Optometry, State Board Of 129 Optometry, State Board Of 129 Q Oregon Trail National Historic Trail 429 Otter, C.L. “Butch” (Governor) 58, 60, R 62, 64 Racing Commission, Idaho State 144 Outfitters And Guides Licensing Board Index Radio Stations 337, 340 129 Rangeland Resources Commission, Oxford Slough National Wildlife Refuge Idaho 137 434 Rapid 418 P Raúl Labrador 50 Real Estate Appraiser Board 137 Pacific Northwest Trail 429 Real Estate Commission 138 Pacific States Marine Fisheries Compact James E.Risch 49 Commission 129 Rivers, Wild And Scenic 415 INDEX 455

466 Suicide Prevention, Idaho Council On Roadless Rule Task Force, Governor’s 101 138, 145 Rock Creek Station And Stricker Supreme Court 249 Homesite 437 Symbols, Idaho 2 Round Lake 403 T Rural Partnership, Idaho 139 Tax Appeals, Board Of 144 S Tax Commission, State 144, 148 Sacajawea 16 Taxing Districts 269 Territorial Salmon River 419 Sawtooth National Recreation Area 415 Creation Of Idaho Territory 17 Scaling Practices, State Board Of 139 Therapy, Occcupational Licensure Board School Building Safety Code Committee 128 Trail Of The Coeur D’alenes 429 140 School, Public Charter Commission 135 Transportation Board 146 Sexual Offender Classification Board Travel Council , Idaho 146 Trial Courts 250 142 Sheep Commission, Idaho 142 U Sheep Rock 425 Shorthand Reporters Board, Certified Uniform State Laws, Commission On 97 99 Silver Mountain Ski, Golf And United States Congressmen Waterpark Resort 408 Michael Simpson 51 Simpson, Michael (Us Congressman) 51 United States Senators Ski Areas Michael D. Crapo 48 Nordic 409 University Of Idaho 321 Ski Areas, Alpine 405 U.S. Assay Office 435 Social Welfare 384 Social Work Examiners, Board Of 142 V Soil & Water Conservation Commission, Valley County 292 State 143 Veterans Affairs Commission 147 Soldier Mountain Ski Resort 408 Veterinary Medicine, State Board 147 Speech And Hearing Services Licensure Board 143, 145 W State Bar, Idaho 143 State Dance 6 Washington Territory 31 State Flag 7 Water Resource Board, Idaho 147 State Fruit 8 Wheat Commission, Idaho 148 State Holidays 2 Wild And Scenic Rivers 415 State Horse 9 Workforce Development Council 149 State Parks 398 X Map 398 State Raptor 10 State Seal Description Of, By Designer 12 IDAHO BLUE BOOK 456

467 Y Yellowstone National Park 414 Z Index 457 INDEX

468 458 IDAHO BLUE BOOK

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