HEU Council PGA


1 Council of the Europe an Union 12 , Brusse ls 2019 April ) en (OR. 7911/1 19 / REV 1 Inte rinstitutional File: 2018/0225(COD) RECH 191 COM PET 286 IND 107 M I 299 EDUC 174 TELECOM 147 ENER 199 ENV 349 REGIO 69 AGRI 172 TRANS 228 SAN 179 CADREFIN 173 SUSTDEV 51 'I/A' ITEM NOTE From: General Secretariat of the Council Permanent Representatives Committee/Council To: 9870/19 + ADD 1 No. Cion doc.: Proposal for a DECISION OF THE COUNCIL on establishing the specific Subject: programme implem - enting Horizon Europe the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation - Partial General Approach I. INTRODUCTION 1. In June 2018, the Commission presented its proposal for the Horizon Europe package, Horizon including the proposal for a Decision on the Specific Programme implementing 1 . Europe 1 doc. 9870/18 + ADD 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv REV 1 7911/1/19 1 ECOMP.3.C. EN

2 The Competitiveness Council 2. addressed major issues relating to the proposal for the Specific Programme at its meeting on 28 September 2018 and provided political guidance related to the question of the legal basis of the proposal, on stra tegic planning and on missions and partnerships. This orientation was confirmed at the Council meetings on 30 November 2018 uary 2019. and 19 Feb r 3. European Parliament The has appointed MEP Christian EHLER (EPP) as rapporteur on the Specific Programme. voted on its report in the plenary on The E uropean Parliament adopted its opinion on European Economic and Social Committee December 2018. The 12 2 17 provided its opinion at its Committee of the Regions , whilst the October 2018 3 8 . - October Plenary session 10 e Council's intention to change the legal basis and subsequently the applicable legislative 4. Th procedure meant that the Council could not enter into negotiation with the Parliament on the Specific Programme. th Irrespectively of the Council's above decision, e European Parliament indicated a clear 5. preference for advancing the Framework Programme and the Specific Programme as a underlined that changes agreed in the Framework "package". In that respect, the Presidency Programme with ramification on the Specific Programme would be reflected in the latter text. On 8 and 18 March, the prepared partial general 6. Permanent Representatives Committee Specific Pro gramme which took into account the on - going negotiations approaches on the with the Parliament on the Framework Programme. 2 (opinion covers both the Framework Programme and the Specific Programme). 13758/18 3 both the Framework Programme and the Specific Programme). (opinion covers 13759/18 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv REV 1 7911/1/19 2 ECOMP.3.C. EN

3 "common understanding" on the reached a legislators - the co 7. Following six Trilogues, ding" was confirmed Framework Programme's main building blocks . This "common understan by the Permanent Representatives Committee on 27 March 2019 as part of an overall compromise on the Horizon Europe package. "common understanding" reached on the he T of the Specific also required very limited adjustments to th e text Framework programme The Presidency therefore Programme, as stabilised in the two partial general approaches. . consolidated text considered it prudent to submit a 8. exchanged views the Commission and the European Parliament , the Council On 9 April 2019 visaged modification of the legal basis of the Specific Programme, on the en in accordance 4 with the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law - Making, paragraph 25. artial p left outside of the scope of the It is understood that elements in brackets in the text are 9. a , as they require the completion of negotiations on the Multiannual pproaches eneral g 2027 for the Council to be able to adopt its position at first Financial Framework 2021 - plications are therefore square bracketed. reading. All provisions with budgetary im Permanent Representatives Committee 10. is invited to recommend that the On this basis, the confirm, as an "A" item at one of its forthcoming meetings, the partial general Council text of the Decision on the Specific Programme as set - bracketed approach on the entire non and decide to consult the European Parliament. out in the Annex to the present note 4 oc. 8551/19. d MI/SD/CF/MG/lv REV 1 7911/1/19 3 ECOMP.3.C. EN

4 ANNEX Proposal for a DECISION OF THE COUNCIL on establishing the specific programme implementing Horizon Europe – the Framework Innovation Programme for Research and (Text with EEA relevance) THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 182(4) thereof, Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission, ission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments, After transm Having regard to the opinion of the European Parliament, 5 , Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee 6 ions , Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Reg Acting in accordance with a special legislative procedure 5 OJ C , , p. . 6 OJ C , , p. . REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 4 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

5 Whereas: (1) In accordance with Article 182(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the Horizon Europe - Framework Programme for Research and Innovation ("Horizon Regulation (EU) No ... of the European Parliament and of FP/RfP Europe"), established by 7 , is to be implemented through specific programmes, which define the the Council of... detailed rules for their implementation, fix their duration and provide for the means deemed necessary. ecific objectives of Horizon Regulation (EU) No ... sets out the general and sp FP/RfP (2) Europe, the structure and the broad lines of activities to be carried out, while this specific - the Framework Programme for Research and programme implementing Horizon Europe the operational objectives and the Innovation (the 'Specific Programme') should define activities which are specific to parts of Horizon Europe. The provisions on implementation set out in (EU) No ... apply fully to the Specific Programme, including those FP/RfP Regulation relating to ethical principles. (3) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of the Specific Programme, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission to adopt work programmes for n the implementation of the Specific Programme. Those powers should be exercised i accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the 8 Council . (4) The Board of Governors of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), set up by Commission Decision 9 96/282/Euratom has been consulted on the scientific and technologica l content of the - Specific Programme on the non nuclear direct actions of the JRC; 7 OJ C , , p. . 8 Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 inciples concerning mechanisms for February 2011 laying down the rules and general pr OJ L ( control by the Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13) 9 Commission Decision 96/282/Euratom of 10 April 1996 on the reorganization of the Joint Research Centre (OJ L 1 07, 30.4.1996, p. 12). REV 1 5 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

6 (5) Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to Goals, this implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Specific Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of [25] % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Specific Programme will contribute at least 35% of the overall financial envelope of the Specific Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Specific Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the - and processes. Attention will be paid to coal context of the relevant evaluations and review - intensive areas of the Union in transition. carbon (6) The Specific Programme's actions should be used to address market failures or sub - optimal investment situations, in a proportionate manner, without duplic ating or crowding out private financing and have a clear European added value. Reflecting the important contribution that research and innovation should make to address (7) the challenges in food, agriculture, rural development and the bioeconomy, and to seize corresponding research and innovation opportunities in close synergy with Common Agricultural Policy, relevant actions under the Specific Programme will be supported with re and [EUR 10 billion] for the cluster 'Food, Bioeconomy, Natural Resources, Agricultu - 2027. Environment' for the period 2021 (8) The completion of the Digital Single Market and the growing opportunities from the convergence of digital and physical technologies requires a stepping up of investments. hese efforts with a substantial increase Horizon Europe will contribute to t of spending in main digital research and innovation activities compared to the Research and Innovation 10 Framework Programme Horizon 2020 . This should ensure that Europe remains at the d innovation in the digital field. forefront of global research an 10 Communication from the Commission "A new, modern Multiannual Financial The Framework for a European Union that deliver efficiently on its 2020" - priorities post identifies EUR 13 billion spent in main digital activities under the Research and Innovation europa.eu/legal - https://eur - ( Framework Programme Horizon 2020 lex. ). content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A52018DC0098 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 6 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

7 (9) The types of financing and the methods of implementation under this Decision shall be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to , in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative deliver results, taking into account compliance. For grants, this shall include consideration - burden, and the expected risk of non of the use of lump sums, flat rates and scales of unit costs. ly in the process of defining missions. Member States should be involved ear (10) HAVE ADOPTED THIS DECISION: CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 Subject matter This Decision establishes the specific programme implementing Horizon Europe - the Framework (the ‘Specific Programme’), as set out in Article 1(3)(a) of Programme for Research and Innovation the FP/RfP Regulation.../.../EU. It lays down the operational objectives of the Specific Programme, the budget for the period 2021 – 2027, the rules for implementation of the Specific Programme and activities to be carried out under the Specific Programme. 7 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

8 Article 2 Operational objectives The Specific Programme shall contribute to the general and specific objectives set out in 1. FP/RfP Regulation Article 3 of Regulation ... The Specific Programm e has the following operational objectives: 2. (a) strengthening excellent basic and frontier research; reinforcing and spreading excellence, including by fostering wider participation throughout the Union ; reinforcing the link between research, innovation, and where appropriate, education and (b) regional and other policies, including complementarities with national and EU research and innovation policies and activities; on policy priorities including in particular the supporting the implementation of Uni (ba) sustainable development goals and the Paris Agreement; (c) promoting responsible research and innovation , taking into account the precautionary principle, ; Programme strengthening the gender dimension across the (ca) ( across sectors links in European research and innovation and increasing collaboration ) d and disciplines, including social sciences and humanities; (da) strengthening international cooperation; e across the European Research ) ( ructures connecting and developing to research infrast ; providing transnational access Area and REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 8 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

9 , training and retaining researchers and innovators in the European talent attracting ) g ( Research Area, including through mobility; ( scientific bility to the public and open access to fostering open science and ensuring visi h ) publications and research data, including appropriate exceptions; encouraging exploitation of R&I results and ( actively disseminating and exploiting ) i results, in particular for leveraging private investm ents and policy development; ) m ( delivering, through R&I missions, on ambitious goals within a set timeframe; ( n ) improving the relationship and interaction between science and society, including the ion, and promoting the visibility of science in society and science communicat - involvement of citizens and end creation processes; - design and co - users in co ) p ( accelerating industrial transformation, including through improved skills for innovation; up of innovative - cale stimulating R&I activities in SMEs and the creation and s (r) caps - ups, SMEs, and in exceptional cases small mid ; - start companies, in particular ( t ) improving access to risk finance, including through synergies with InvestEU, in . particular where the market does not provide viable financing 3. Within the objectives referred to in paragraph 2, account may be taken of new and unforeseen needs that arise during the period of implementation of the Specific Programme. That may, if duly justified, include responses to emerging opportunities, crises an d threats, as well as responses to needs relating to the development of new Union policies. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 9 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

10 Article 3 Structure 1. FP/RfP Regulation , the Specific Programme In accordance with Article 4(1) of Regulation ... shall consist of the following parts: (1) 'Excellent Science' with the following components: Pillar I the European Research Council (ERC), as described in Annex I, Pillar I, section 1; (a) (b) Actions (MSCA), as described in Annex I, Pillar I, - Marie Skłodowska Curie section 2; s, as described in Annex I, Pillar I, section 3; research infrastructure (c) Industrial European (2) Pillar II 'Global Challenges and with the Competitiveness' following components: cluster 'Health', as described in Annex I, Pillar II, section 1; (a) cluster ' Culture, Creativity Society', as described in Annex I, Pillar and Inclusive (b) II, section 2; (c) , as described in Annex I, Pillar II, section 3; cluster 'Civil Security for Society' ; 4 (d) cluster 'Digital, Industry and Space' , as described in Annex I, Pillar II, section c ) e 'Climate, Energy luster and Mobility ' , as described in Annex I, Pillar II, section ( 5; ) (f cluster ' Food, Bioeconomy, Natural Resources, Agriculture and Environment', as 6 described in Annex I, Pillar II, section ; REV 1 10 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

11 ) nt Research Centre (JRC), as described in nuclear direct actions of the Joi - non (g ; 7 8 Annex I, Pillar II, section 'Innovative Europe' with the following components: (3) Pillar III the European Innovation Council (EIC), as described in Annex I, Pillar III, (a) section 1; cosystems, as described in Annex I, Pillar III, section 2 European innovation e (b) . (4) Part 'Widening Participation and Strengthening the European Research Area' with the following components: widening participation and spreading excellence, as described in Annex I, Part (a) rengthening the European Research Area', section 1; 'St reforming and enhancing the European R&I system, as described in Annex I, Part (b) 'Strengthening the European Research Area', section 2. paragraph 1 are The activities to be carried out under the parts referred to in 2. in described I. Annex Article 4 Budget , the financial envelope 1. In accordance with Article 9(1)of Regulation ... FP/RfP Regulation for the implementation of the Specific Programme for the period 2021 to 2027 shall be [EUR 91 100 000 000] i n current prices. 2. The amount referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be distributed among the components set out in Article 3(1) of this Decision in accordance with Article 9(2) of FP/RfP Regulation ) to (8) of Regulation . The arrangements of Article 9(3 Regulation ... ... FP/RfP Regulation shall apply. 11 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

12 CHAPTER II IMPLEMENTATION AND PROGRAMMING Article 4a Strategic Plan 1. In accordance with Article 6 paragraph 6 of the [Framework Programme Regulation], the shall be facilitated by a multiannual Strategic Plan implementation of the Specific Programme of research and innovation activities, also promoting consistency between the work programmes, EU priorities and national priorities. The result of the Strategic Planning Process shall be set out in a mu ltiannual Strategic Plan, for preparing the content in the work programmes (as set out in Article 11) covering a maximum period of four years, while retaining sufficient flexibility to respond rapidly to new and emerging challenges, unexpected opportunitie s and crises. The Strategic Planning Process shall focus in particular on the 'Global challenges and 2. European industrial competitiveness' pillar and cover also relevant activities in other pillars and the Widening Participation and Strengthening the Eu ropean Research Area part. The Commission shall ensure early involvement and extensive exchanges with the Member States, and extensive exchanges with the European Parliament, complemented by consultation with stakeholders and the public at large. This will contribute to a stronger e ngagement with citizens and civil society. Member States may support the strategic planning process also through providing an overview of national consultations/citizens' contributions that feed into the Strategic Plan. 12 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ECOMP.3.C. ANNEX EN

13 pted by the Commission, by means of an implementing act, in The Strategic Plan shall be ado 3. accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 12(4). The Strategic Plan shall correspond to the objectives and activities described in Annex 1. This Implementing Act in the following elements, relating to the period covered: shall conta Key strategic orientations for R&I support, including a description of expected impacts, a. cluster issues and intervention areas covered. cross - to Article 8(1)(a and b) of the [FP b. Identification of European Partnerships according Regulation]. Identification of Missions according to Article 5 of the Specific Programme and Article ba. 7 and Annex Va of the Regulation establishing Horizon Europe. e aligned with Research & Innovation of Areas for international cooperation, actions to b c. other nations and regions of the world at major scale, or actions to be carried out in cooperation with organisations in third countries. d. Specific issues, such as the balance between research and innovation; the i ntegration of Social Sciences and Humanities; the role of Key Enabling Technologies and strategic value chains; gender equality, including the integration of gender dimension in the R&I content; adherence to the highest ethics and integrity standards; prio rities for dissemination and exploitation. The Strategic Plan shall take into account an analysis covering at least the following elements: 4. economic and environmental drivers which are relevant for the EU and a) Political, socio - iorities. Member States' policy pr The contribution of research and innovation to the realisation of EU policy objectives, b) while capitalizing on studies, other scientific evidence and relevant initiatives at EU and national level, including institutionalised partnerships accord ing to article 8(1)(c)of the [Framework Programme Regulation]. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 13 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

14 c) Evidence - base resulting from foresight activities, S&T and innovation indicators, international developments such as the implementation of the SDGs and feedback from implementation, includ ing monitoring the implementation of specific measures with regard to widening participation and sharing excellence and participation of SMEs. Priorities with the potential to be implemented in synergy with other EU programmes. d) e) A description of the various approaches for stakeholder consultation and citizen engagement as part of the work to develop Work Programmes; f) Complementarity and synergies with planning of the KICs of the EIT in accordance with Regulation 294/2008/EC. g process shall be complemented by a strategic coordinating process for The strategic plannin 5. European Partnerships, with participation of Member States and the Commission on equal footing. It shall function as an entry point for foresight analysis, analysis and advice on the p ortfolio development, possible setup, implementation, monitoring and phasing out of R&I partnerships and be guided by a comprehensive criteria framework, based on Annex III of the Horizon Europe Regulation. Article 5 Missions 1. Research and Innovation Mis sions may be established in the mission areas identified in Annex Va of the Regulation establishing Horizon Europe. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 14 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

15 For each mission area, a mission board shall be established, unless existing advisory 2. e Committee shall be informed in structures can be used, in which case the Programm advance. The mission board shall be composed of a maximum of 15 independent high level individuals with broad expertise, including where appropriate SSH experts, from across users' representatives. The members of the - Europe and beyond, including relevant end mission boards shall be appointed by the Commission, following a transparent procedure for their identification, including an open call for expressions of interest. The Programme Committee shall be consulted on the ident ification and selection procedures, including the criteria used, in a timely manner. The term of office of mission board members shall be up to five years, renewable once. making powers, the Commis sion - The mission board shall advise, without having decision 3. upon the following: identification and design of one or more missions in the respective mission area (a) according to the provisions and criteria as set out in Article 7 of [Framework Programme Regulation] (b) content of work programmes and their revision as needed for achieving the mission objectives, with input from stakeholders and, where relevant, the public; characteristics of project portfolios for missions; (c) adjustment actions, or termination if appropriate, based on implementation as (d) sessments according to the defined objectives of the mission; selection of independent expert evaluators following the provisions of Article 44 [of the (e) Framework Programme Regulation], briefing of expert evaluators and evaluation ghting; criteria and their wei (f) framework conditions which help achieve the objectives of the mission; (g) communication, including on the performance and the achievements of the mission; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 15 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

16 (h) policy coordination between relevant actors at different levels, in particular rega rding synergies with other Union policies; (i) key performance indicators. The advice of the mission boards shall be made public. 4. For each Mission area, the Programme Committee shall be involved in the preparation and g into account relevant issues from the national context and life cycle of the missions, takin opportunities to enhance alignment with activities on national level. Interactions with the mission boards shall take place in a timely and comprehensive manner. in Article 11 shall include for each mission identified in The work programme provided for 5 the Strategic Plan, the design, the characteristics of their project portfolios and specific provisions to enable an efficient portfolio approach. Article 6 European Research Council sion shall establish a European Research Council ("ERC"), for implementing the The Commis 1. Science' which relate to the ERC. The ERC shall succeed the 'Excellent actions under Pillar I 11 . ERC set up by Decision C(2013) 1895 2. The ERC shall be composed of the independent Scientific Council provided for in Article 7 and the dedicated implementation structure provided for in Article 8. 11 OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 23 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 16 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

17 The ERC shall have a President who shall be chosen from among senior and internationally 3. re spected scientists. The President shall be appointed by the Commission following a transparent recruitment process involving an independent dedicated search committee, for a term of office limited to the candidate selected shall have the four years, renewable once. The recruitment process and approval of the Scientific Council. The President shall chair the Scientific Council and shall ensure its leadership and liaison with the dedicated implementation structure, and represent it in the world of science. The ERC shall operate according to 4. open science, principles of scientific excellence, its core . It and research integrity accountability , autonomy, efficiency, effectiveness, transparency shall ensure continuity with ERC actions conducted under Decisio n .../EC. - The activities of the ERC shall support frontier research, in a bottom up manner, carried out 5. across all fields by principal investigators and their teams in competition at the European level, including early - stage career researchers. 6. The C ommission shall act as the guarantor of the autonomy and integrity of the ERC and shall ensure the proper execution of the tasks entrusted to it. The Commission shall ensure that the implementation of the ERC actions is in accordance with the principles s et out in paragraph 4 of this Article as well as with the overall strategy for the ERC, referred to in point (a) of Article 7(2), established by the Scientific Council. REV 1 17 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

18 7 Article ERC Scientific Council endent scientists, engineers and scholars of 1. The Scientific Council shall be composed of indep the highest repute and appropriate expertise, of both women and men in different age groups, ensuring a diversity of research areas and the variety of geographical origins, and acting in their personal capacity, independent of extraneous interests. The members of the Scientific Council shall be appointed by the Commission, following an independent and transparent procedure for their identification agreed with the Scientific consultation of the scientific community and a report to the Council, including a n open European Parliament and the Council. Their term of office shall be limited to four years, renewable once, on the basis of a rotating Scientific Council. system which shall ensure the continuity of the work of the 2. The Scientific Council shall establish: the overall strategy for the ERC; (a) (b) the work programme for the implementation of the ERC activities; s of (c) the methods and procedures for peer review and proposal evaluation on the basi which the proposals to be funded are determined; its position on any matter which from a scientific perspective may enhance (d) achievements and impact of the ERC and the quality of the research carried out; (e) lia, the avoidance of conflict of interests. a code of conduct addressing, inter a 18 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

19 The Commission shall depart from the positions established by the Scientific Council in accordance with points (a), (c), (d), and (e) of the first subparagraph only when it considers Decision have not been respected. In that case, the Commission that the provisions of this shall adopt measures to maintain continuity in the implementation of the specific programme and the achievements of its objectives, setting out the points of departure from the Scientific cil positions and duly motivating them. Coun 3. The Scientific Council shall act in accordance with the mandate set out in Pillar I of Annex I, section 1. 4. The Scientific Council shall act exclusively in the interest of the ERC, according to the set out in Article 6. It shall act with integrity and probity and carry out its work principles efficiently and with the greatest possible transparency. Article 8 Dedicated ERC implementation structure The dedicated implementation structure shall be responsible for the administrative 1. implementation and programme execution, as described in Pillar I of Annex I, section 1 .3.2 . It shall support the Scientific Council in the conduct of all of its tasks. 2. The Commission shall ensure that the dedicated implementation structure follows strictly, efficiently and with the necessary flexibility the objectives and requirements of the ERC alone. 19 7911/1/19 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

20 Article 9 European Innovation Council The EIC, as established according to Article 7a of the [Framework Programme Regulation] 1. shall include the High Level Board ("EIC Board") provided for in Article 10. 2. The Commission shall ensure that the implementation of the EIC: (a) is in accordance with the principles set out in paragraph 1 of this Article, taking due ion of the EIC Board on the overall strategy for the EIC, referred to account of the opin Article 10(1)(a); and (b) does not lead to distortions of competition contrary to the common interest. 3. For the purpose of managing EIC blended finance, the Commission shall make use of indirect , to be management, or where this is not possible, may establish a special purpose vehicle managed according to the applicable accountability rules . The Commission shall seek to ensure the participation of other public and private investors. Whe re this is not possible at the initial set up, the special purpose vehicle will be structured in such a way that it can attract other public or private investors in order to increase the leverage effect of the Union contribution. 4. The Commission shall e nsure effective complementarities between the EIC, the EIT and InvestEU. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 20 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

21 Article 10 The EIC Board The EIC Board shall advise the Commission upon: 1. (a) Europe' the overall strategy for the EIC component under Pillar III 'Innovative ; the work programme for the implementation of the EIC actions; (b) (c) the criteria for assessment of the innovativeness and risk profile of the proposals and the appropriate balance of grants, equity and other forms of financing for the EIC accelerator; ication of strategic portfolio of projects; the identif (d) (e) the profile of programme managers. 2. The EIC Board may upon request address recommendations to the Commission on: any matter which from an innovation perspective may enhance and foster innovation (a) sys eco - tems across Europe, the achievements and impact of the objectives of the EIC component and the capacity of innovative firms to roll out their solutions; and, where appropriate, ing identify (b) in cooperation with relevant Commission services national and r egional authorities and other relevant entities, such as the EIT Governing Board, possible regulatory barriers faced by entrepreneurs, in particular those awarded support under the EIC component; (c) rm the programming in other emerging technology trends from EIC's portfolio, to info parts of the Specific Programme; identifying specific issues where advice from the EIC Board is needed. (d) REV 1 21 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

22 The EIC Board shall act in the interest of achieving the objectives of the EIC component. It and probity and carry out its work efficiently and with transparency. shall act with integrity The EIC Board shall act in accordance with its mandate set out in Pillar III of Annex I, 1. section 3. high level individuals dra wn from The EIC Board shall be composed of 15 to 20 independent various parts of Europe's innovation ecosystem, including entrepreneurs, corporate leaders, and researchers, including academic experts on investors , public administration experts members striving to innovation. It shall contribute to outreach actions, with EIC Board enhance the prestige of the EIC brand. The members of the EIC Board shall be appointed by the Commission, following an open call for nominations or for expression of interests or both, whichever the Commission will find , and taking into account the need for balance in expertise, gender, age and more appropriate geographical distribution. Their term of office shall be limited to two years, renewable twice, with a rolling appointments system (members appointed every two years). 4. Board shall have a President who shall be appointed by the Commission following a The EIC transparent recruitment process. The President shall be a high profile public figure linked to . , with a solid understanding of R&D the innovation world e appointed for a term of office limited to four years, renewable once. The President shall b The President shall chair the EIC Board, prepare its meetings, assign tasks to members, and may establish dedicated sub - groups, in particular to identify emerging technology trends fr om EIC's portfolio. He or she shall represent the EIC in the world of innovation. He or she shall also promote the EIC, act as interlocutor with the Commission, through the relevant will . The Commission Member States provide for programme committees, with administrative support for the President to undertake his or her duties. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 22 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

23 5. A code of conduct addressing, inter alia, the avoidance of conflict of interests and breach of shall be established by the Commission. Members of the EIC Board wil confidentiality l accept the code of conduct upon assuming office. Article 11 Work programmes The Programme shall be implemented by the work programmes referred to in paragraph 2 in 1. accordance with Article 110 of Financial Regulation. They shall set out the expected im pact and be prepared following a strategic planning process as described in Annex I to this Decision. The Commission shall regularly and from an early stage inform the Committee indirect actions referred to in Article 12 of the overall progress of the implementation of the of the specific programme, including missions, also to allow the Committee to provide early appropriate input in the course of the strategic planning process and on the preparation of the work programmes, especially on missions. Work prog rammes shall set out, where applicable, the overall amount reserved for blending operations. 2. The Commission shall adopt separate work programmes, by means of implementing acts, for in Article 3(1) of the implementation of actions under the following components, as set out this Decision : the ERC, where the work programme shall be established by the Scientific Council (a) under point (b) of Article 7(2), in accordance with the advisory procedure referred to in om the work programme established by Article 12(3). The Commission shall depart fr the Scientific Council only when it considers that it is not in accordance with the provisions of this Decision. In that case, the Commission shall adopt the work ce with the examination programme by means of an implementing act in in accordan procedure referred to in Article 12(4). The Commission shall duly motivate this measure; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 23 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

24 (b) all clusters under the pillar 'Global Challenges and Competitiveness of European Industry', MSCA, research infrastructures, support to in novation ecosystems, widening participation and spreading excellence, and reforming and enhancing the European R&I System, in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 12(4); the EIC, where the work programme shall be prepared f (c) ollowing the advice of the EIC Board under point (b) of Article 10(1), in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 12(4); annual work programme shall take into account the opinion - the JRC, where the multi (d) f Governors of the JRC referred to in Decision 96/282/Euratom. provided by the Board o In addition to requirement in Article 110 of the Financial Regulation, the work programmes 3. referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall, as appropriate, contain: an indication of the (a) amount allocated to each action and mission and an indicative implementation timetable; for grants the priorities, the selection and award criteria and the relative weight of the (b) different award criteria and the maximum rate of funding of the total el igible costs; the amount allocated to blended finance in accordance with Articles 41 to 43 of (c) : FP/RfP Regulation Regulation ... (d) any additional obligations for beneficiaries, in accordance with Articles 35 and 37 of the . FP/RfP Regulation REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 24 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

25 mission shall adopt, by means of implementing acts, in accordance with the The Com 4. (4) examination procedure referred to in Article 12 the following measures: the decision on the approval of the funding of indirect actions, where the estimated (a) amount of the Union contribution under the specific programme is equal to or more than EUR 2,5 million, with the exception of actions under the specific objective "European Council (ERC)"; for funding of indirect actions in cluster 2 the decision on the Research approval of t he funding of indirect actions, where the estimated amount of the Union contribution under the Specific Programme is equal to or more than EUR 1 million; the decision on the approval of the funding of actions involving the use of human (b) bryonic stem cells and of actions under the cluster "Civil embryos and human em Security for Society" referred to in Article 3(1)(2)(c). Article 12 Committee procedure 12 1. . That committee shall be a committee The Commission shall be assisted by a committee f Regulation (EU) No 182/2011. within the meaning o The committee shall meet in different configurations as set out in Annex II, having regard to 2. the subject matter to be discussed. l 3. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 4 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shal apply. 12 With a view to facilitating the implementation of the programme, for each meeting of the , in Programme Committee as defined in the agenda, the Commission shall reimburse accordance with its established guidelines, the expenses of one representative per Member State, as well as one expert/adviser per Member State for those agenda items where a Member State requires specific expertise. 25 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

26 Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall 4. apply. Where the opinion of the committee is to be obtained by written procedure, that procedure 5. limit for delivery of the opinion, the - ime shall be terminated without result when, within the t chair of the committee so decides or a simple majority of committee members so request. In the case of the implementing acts to be adopted under Article 4a(3) where the Committee 6. delivers no opinion, the Commi ssion shall not adopt the draft implementing act and the third subparagraph of Article 5(4) of Regulation (EU) 182/2011 shall apply. The Commission shall regularly inform the Committee of the overall progress of the 7. amme and shall provide it with timely information on all implementation of the specific progr actions and components proposed or funded under Horizon Europe and its externalised parts, as specified in Annex III, including detailed information/analysis of the statistics of the individual calls . CHAPTER III TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS Article 13 Repeal Decision 2013/743/EU is repealed with effect from 1 January 2021. 26 7911/1/19 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

27 Article 14 Transitional provisions 1. This Decision shall not affect the continuation or modification of the actions concerned, until their closure, under Decision 2013/743/EU, which shall continue to apply to the actions concerned until their closure. the Committee established by Decision Where necessary, any remaining tasks of 2013/743/EU shall be undertaken by the Committee referred to in Article 12 of this Decision. may also cover technical and Programme the Specific The financial envelope for 2. y to ensure the transition between the Specific administrative assistance expenses necessar Decision 2013/743/EU. Programme and the measures adopted under its predecessor Article 15 Entry into force This Decision shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the fficial Journal of the European Union O . This Decision is addressed to the Member States. Done at Brussels, For the Council The President REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 27 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

28 ANNEX TO THE ANNEX ANNEX I STRATEGIC PLANNING AND PROGRAMME ACTIVITIES The following shall apply in the implementation of the Programme. TRATEGIC S LANNING P implementation of shall be facilitated by a the Specific Programme As laid down in Article 4 a, the multiannual strategic planning for research and innovation activities. The strategic planning process he Global Challenges and European Industrial Competitiveness pillar, shall focus in particular on t Widening Participation and Strengthening the including relevant activities in other pillars and the European Research Area part, also in close coordination and synergy with the planning of the KICs of the EIT established by Regulation 294/2008/EC. The result of the Strategic Planning Process shall be set out i n a Strategic Plan for realising content in the work programme. The Strategic Planning process aims to: level objectives in an integrated manner and provide implement Horizon Europe's programme - ‒ between its different pillars. focus on impact for the Programme overall and coherence promote synergies between Horizon Europe and other Union Programmes, including the ‒ [cohesion funds] and the Euratom programme, thus becoming a point of reference for - e EU budget and non funding research and innovation in all related programmes across th instruments. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 28 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

29 ‒ help to develop and realise EU policy for the relevant areas covered, and complement policy development and implementation in the Member States. reduce fragmentation of efforts and avoid duplication and overlaps between funding ‒ possibilities. ‒ provide the frame for linking the direct research actions of the Joint Research Centre and other actions supported under the Programme, including the use of results and data for support to policy. ‒ ensure a balanced and broad approach to research and innovation, at all stages of development, which is not only limited to fostering frontier research, the development of new products processes and services on the basis of scientific and technological knowledge and breakthroughs, b ut also incorporates the use of existing technologies in novel applications and technological and social innovation. continuous improvement and non - - sectoral and cross ensure a systemic, cross policy approach to research and - - disciplinary, cross ‒ innovation in order to tackle challenges while also giving rise to new competitive businesses and industries, fostering competition, stimulating private investments and preserving the level playing field in the internal market. OTHER PROGRAMME ACTIVITIES and the Industrial Competitiveness' Europe' 'Innovative In the 'Glo bal Challenges and European Pillars, research and innovation shall be complemented with activities which operate close to the - end - conc ept, excluding however users and the market, such as demonstration, piloting or proof - of commercialisation activities going beyond the research and innovation phase. This shall also include support to demand side activities that help accelerate the deployment and diffusion of a - - be put on non broad range of innovations. Emphasis shall prescriptive calls for proposals. 29 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

30 pillar, building on Industrial Competitiveness' Under the 'Global Challenges and European experience in Horizon 2020, the social sciences and the humanities shall be fully integrated across luding specific and dedicated activities. Likewise, activities involving marine and all clusters, inc maritime research and innovation shall be implemented in a strategic and integrated manner in line with the EU Integrated Maritime Policy, the Common Fisheries Policy and i nternational commitments. Activities carried out within the FET Flagships on Graphene, the Human Brain Project and Quantum Technology, which are supported under Horizon 2020, will continue being supported under Horizon Europe through calls for proposals i ncluded in the work programme. Preparatory actions supported under the FET Flagships part of Horizon 2020 will feed the Strategic Planning - funded/co - process under Horizon Europe and inform the work on missions, co programmed partnerships and regular calls for proposals. Science and Technology Cooperation dialogues with the EU's international partners and policy dialogues with the main world regions shall make important contributions to the systematic en combined with differentiation by identification of opportunities for cooperation which, wh Early advice from the ERA - related advisory structure country/region, shall support priority setting. will continue to be sought. OMMUNICATION ISSEMINATION AND D C ess to scientific publications, to Horizon Europe will provide dedicated support for open acc knowledge repositories and other data sources. Dissemination and knowledge diffusion actions will be supported, also from cooperation with other EU programmes, including clustering and packaging results and data in langua ges and formats for target audiences and networks for citizens, industry, public administrations, academia, civil society organisations, and policy makers. For this purpose, Horizon Europe may make use of advanced technologies and intelligence tools. There will be appropriate support for mechanisms to communicate the programme to potential applicants (e.g. National Contact Points). REV 1 30 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

31 The Commission will also implement information and communication activities relating to Horizon Europe, to promote the fact th at results were obtained with the support of EU funding. They will also seek to raise public awareness on the importance of research and innovation and the broader dia impact and relevance of EU funded research and innovation, by means of e.g. publications, me channel platforms, websites or a targeted - relations, events, knowledge repositories, databases, multi use of social media. Horizon Europe will also provide support to the beneficiaries to communicate their work and its impact to society at large. M OITATION AND XPL E PTAKE U ARKET The Commission will establish comprehensive measures for exploitation of Horizon Europe results and the knowledge produced. This will accelerate exploitation towards wide market uptake and boost the impact of the Programme. Commission will systematically identify and record the results of the research and innovation The activities under the Programme and transfer or disseminate these results and knowledge produced in a non discriminatory fashion to industry and enterprises of al l sizes, public administrations, - makers, in order to maximise the European added - academia, civil society organisations and policy value of the Programme. C NTERNATIONAL I OOPERATION and regions of the Greater impact will be obtained through aligning actions with other countri es international cooperation efforts. Based on mutual benefit, partners from strengthened world within across the world will be invited to join EU efforts as an integral part of initiatives in support of EU nforced research and innovation excellence, and competitiveness. action for sustainability, rei International joint action will ensure effective tackling of global societal challenges and Sustainable Development Goals, access to the world's best talents, expertise and resources, and en hanced supply and demand of innovative solutions. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 31 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

32 VALUATION E ETHODOLOGIES FOR M ORKING W The use of high quality independent expertise in the evaluation process underpins the engagement and is a prerequisite for of the programme across all stakeholders, communities and interests, maintaining the excellence and relevance of the funded activities. The Commission or funding body will ensure the impartiality of the process, and avoid conflicts of interest in line with Article 61 of the Financial Regulation. It shall also seek geographical diversity in the composition of evaluation committees, expert and advisory groups. Exceptionally, when justified by the requirement to appoint the best available experts and/or by the perts, independent experts assisting or being members of the limited size of the pool of qualified ex evaluation committee may evaluate specific proposals for which they declare a potential interest. In this case, the Commission or funding body shall take all necessary remedial measures to ensure the integrity of the evaluation process. The evaluation process will be managed accordingly, including a stage involving an interaction between diverse experts. The evaluation committee will take into account the particular circumstances when identifying proposals for funding. 32 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ECOMP.3.C. ANNEX EN

33 PILLAR I SCIENCE EXCELLENT The scientific, economic, social and cultural progress in all its forms depends on an adequate supply of excellent researchers ; the search for breakthroughs in understanding and the acquisition of ; the world class facilities needed to achieve this including physical and at all levels knowledge knowledge infrastructures for research and innovation as well as the means to openly disseminate (open science), methodologies and skills and share knowledge . The achievement of world leading innovation is linked to the advancements of open and excellent key drivers for productivity growth, science. Scientific and technological paradigm shifts , can be progress. Such paradigm shifts have competitiveness, wealth, sustainable development and social sector science base before going on to lay the - historically tended to originate from the public . and for comprehensive societal progress foundations for whole new industries and sectors pecially through universities and public research institutions (PRIs) Public investment in research, es and research facilities, often undertakes the longer term, higher risk research and complements the - - ces skilled highly it creates , activities of the private sector. Besides this human resour , knowhow and experience, new scientific instruments and methodologies, as well creating the networks which transmit the latest knowledge. European based - researchers have been and continue to be at the forefront in European science and many areas. But t his is not a position we can take for granted. The traditional challenge from countries such as the United States is now being joined by economic giants such as China and India, countries where from the newly industrialising parts of the world in particular, and from all governments recognise the manifold and abundant returns which derive from investing in research. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 33 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

34 (ERC) COUNCIL RESEARCH EUROPEAN 1. Rationale 1.1. Although the EU remains the largest producer of scientific publications in the world, has, relative it to its size, comparatively few centres of excellence that standout at the world level and with large areas of average and poor performance. Compared with the US and now China to some degree, the a 'distributed excellence model' in EU follow which resources are spread across a larger number of s researchers and research institutions . help attractive conditions for the best researchers will Creating Europe to raise its attractiveness in the global competition for scientific talent. earch landscape is evolving dramatically and becoming increasingly multipolar as a The global res result of a growing number of emerging countries, in particular China, expanding their scientific production. So whereas the EU and the United States accounted for nearly tw thirds of world o - expenditure on research and development in 2000, this share had fallen to less than half by 2013. who are at an early stage of talented researchers including The ERC supports the best researchers , nding to pursue ground breaking, high their career - - gain/high term fu with flexible, long - , risk . It operates autonomously led by an independent Scientific Council primarily in Europe research made up of scientists, engineers and scholars of the highest repute and appropriate expertise and . The ERC is able to draw on a wider pool of talents and ideas than would be possible for diversity any national scheme, reinforcing excellence through the way in which the best researchers and the best ideas compete against each other. REV 1 34 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

35 Frontier research funded by the ERC has a proven substantial direct impact in the form of advances at the frontiers of knowledge, opening the way to new and often unexpected scientific and technological results and new areas for research. In turn, this generates radically new ideas which drive innovation and business inventiveness and tackle societal challenges. The ERC also has a significant structural impact, driving up the quality of the European research system over and above the researchers and actions it funds directly. ERC - fun ded actions and researchers set an inspirational target for frontier research in Europe, raising its profile and making it more attractive for the best researchers worldwide as a place to work, and work with. The prestige of hosting ERC - tes competition between Europe's universities and research organisations to offer holders crea grant the most attractive conditions for top researchers and can indirectly help them to assess their relative strengths and weaknesses and bring about reforms. The ERC funds a re latively small percentage of all European research, but from this achieves a high scientific impact. The average citation impact of the research supported by the ERC is comparable to that of the world’s top elite research universities. The ERC’s research p erformance is extremely high when compared with the world’s largest research funders. The ERC funds a great deal of frontier research in many of the research areas that have received the highest numbers of citations, emerging. Although ERC funding is targeted to frontier including those areas that are rapidly research it has resulted in a substantial number of patents. So there is clear evidence that the ERC attracts and funds excellent researchers through its calls and al number of the most significant and high impact research ERC actions are producing a substanti findings worldwide in emerging areas leading to breakthroughs and major advances. The work of ERC grantees is also highly interdisciplinary and ERC grantees collaborate internationally and their results openly across all fields of research including the social sciences , research on publish the and the arts humanities. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 35 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

36 There is also already evidence of the longer term impacts of ERC grants on careers, on training degrees, on raising the global visibility rs and holders of doctoral recognised researche highly skilled and prestige of European research and on national research systems through its strong benchmarking effect. This effect is particularly valuable in the EU's distributed excellence model cause ERC funded status can replace and serve as a more accurate indicator of research quality be than recognition based on the status of institutions. This allows ambitious individuals, institutions, the research profiles in which they are regions and countries to seize the initiative and scale up particularly strong. 1.2. Areas of intervention 1.2.1. Frontier Science Research funded by the ERC is expected to lead to advances at the frontier of knowledge, with achieve scientific publications of the highest quality to research results with high societal and economic potential impact and with the ERC setting a clear and inspirational target for frontier research across the EU, Europe and internationally. Aiming to make the EU a more attractive environment for th e world's best scientists, the ERC will target a measurable improvement in the EU's share of the world's top 1 % most highly cited publications, and aim to increase in the number of excellent researchers including from outside Europe which it funds. - nding shall be awarded in accordance with the following well established principles. ERC fu Scientific excellence shall be the sole criterion on which ERC grants are awarded. The ERC shall operate on a 'bottom up' basis without predetermined priorities. - Broad Lines investigators of any age and gender, from any Long - – term funding to support excellent ideas of - - breaking, high - and their research teams to pursue ground country in the world, risk gain/high research; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 36 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

37 – stage career - early researchers with excellent ideas to make the transition and Enabling starting to being research leaders in their own right by providing adequate support at the independent consolidating their own research team or critical stage when they are setting up or programme; – New way s of working in the scientific world , including the open science approach, with the potential to create breakthrough results and facilitate commercial and social innovation potential of funded research; and national research funding agencies Sharing experience and best practices with regional – to and building links to other parts of the Framework Programme, in particular the MSCA, promote the support of excellent researchers; rogrammes to the visibility of ERC p the profile of frontier research in Europe and Raising – researchers across Europe and internationally . Implementation 1.3. The Scientific Council 1.3.1. The Scientific Council is the guarantor of the quality of the activity from the scientific perspective and has full authority over decisions on the type of research to be funded. In the context of the implementation of the framework programme and in order to carry out its tasks, as set out in Article 7, the Scientific Council will: (1) Scientific strategy: ategy for the ERC, in the light of scientific establish the overall scientific str – opportunities and European scientific needs; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 37 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

38 establish the work programme and develop the ERC's mix of support measures in line – with its scientific strategy; – establish the necessary international cooperat ion initiatives including outreach activities, to increase the visibility of the ERC for the best researchers from the rest of the world, in line with its scientific strategy. (2) Scientific management, monitoring and quality control: - ensure a world – fully and on scientific excellence ss peer review system based on cla transparent, fair and impartial treatment of proposals by establishing positions on implementation and management of calls for proposals, evaluation criteria, peer review the selection of experts, the methods for peer review and proposal processes including evaluation and the necessary implementing rules and guidelines, on the basis of which the proposals to be funded will be determined under the supervision of the Scientific Council; rts shall be appointed on the basis of a proposal from the ERC Scientific Council in expe – the case of ERC frontier research actions; ensure that ERC grants are implemented according to simple, transparent procedures – that maintain the focus on excellence, enc ourage initiative and combine flexibility with accountability by continuously monitoring the quality of the operations and implementation; review and assess the ERC's achievements and the quality and impact of the research – funded by the ERC and , accordin and guidelines for gly, make recommendations corrective or future actions; – establish positions on any other matter affecting the achievements and impact of the ERC's activities and the quality of the research carried out. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 38 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

39 ation: Communication and dissemin (3) – raise the global profile and visibility of the ERC by conducting communication and outreach activities including scientific conferences to promote the ERC's activities and ientific achievements and the results of the projects funded by the ERC with the sc community, key stakeholders and the general public; – where appropriate, consult with the scientific, engineering and scholarly community, regional and national research funding agencies and other stakeholders. regularly report to the Commissi – on on its own activities. The members of the Scientific Council shall be compensated for the tasks they perform by means of an honorarium and, where appropriate, reimbursement of travel and subsistence expenses. ussels for the duration of the appointment and devote The President of the ERC will reside in Br 13 to ERC business. He/she will be remunerated at a level most of his/her working time commensurate with the Commission's top management and will be provided by the Dedicated Implementation Structure with the necessary support to carry out his or her functions. The Scientific Council shall elect from amongst its members three Vice - Chairs who shall assist the - President in its representation and the organisation of its work. They may also hold the title of Vice President of the ERC. three Vice Chairs to ensure adequate local administrative assistance Support will be provided to the - at their home institutes. 13 In principle at least 80 %. REV 1 39 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

40 1.3.2. Dedicated Implementation Structure The dedicated implementation structure will be responsible for all aspects of administrative gramme execution, as provided for in the ERC work programme. It will, in implementation and pro particular, implement the evaluation procedures, peer review and selection process in accordance and scientific with the strategy established by the Scientific Council and will ensure the financial management of the grants. The dedicated implementation structure will support the Scientific Council in the conduct of all of its tasks as set out above including the development of its scientific nd its review and assessment of the ERC's achievements strategy, its monitoring of the operations a as well as its outreach and communications activities, provide access to the necessary documents and data in its possession, and keep the Scientific Council informed of its activities. In order to ensu re an effective liaison with the dedicated implementation structure on strategy and operational matters, the leadership of the Scientific Council and the Director of the dedicated implementation structure will hold regular coordination meetings. ement of the ERC will be carried out by staff recruited for that purpose, including, where The manag necessary, officials from the EU institutions, and will cover only the real administrative needs in order to assure the stability and continuity necessary for an eff ective administration. 1.3.3. Role of the Commission In order to fulfil its responsibilities as set out in Articles 6, 7 and 8 and in the context of its own responsibilities for budget execution, the Commission will: – ensure the continuity and renewal of the Scientific Council and provide support for a standing Identification Committee for the identification of future Scientific Council members; – ensure the continuity of the dedicated implementation structure and the delegation of tasks lities to it taking into account the views of the Scientific Council; and responsibi REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 40 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

41 ensure that the dedicated implementation structure carries out the full range of its tasks and – responsibilities; cated implementation appoint the Director and the members of the management of the dedi – structure taking into account the views of the Scientific Council; – ensure the timely adoption of the work programme, the positions regarding implementing methodology and the necessary implementing rules including the ERC Rules of Su bmission and the ERC Model Grant Agreement, taking into account the positions of the Scientific Council; – timely inform and consult the Programme Committee on the manner in a and regularly implementation of the ERC activities; – erall implementation of the Research Framework Programme, as responsible for the ov . and evaluate its performance monitor the dedicated implementation structure SKŁODOWSKA ACTIONS CURIE - MARIE 2. (MSCA) 2.1. Rationale skilled and resilient human capital base in research and innovation that can - Europe needs a highly future challenges, such as major current and easily adapt to and find sustainable solutions for ers need to be mobile, collaborate demographic changes in Europe. To ensure excellence, research and diffuse knowledge across countries, sectors and disciplines, with the right combination of knowledge and skills to tackle societal challenges and support innovation. REV 1 41 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

42 million researchers working in thousands of Europe is a scientific powerhouse with around 1.8 universities, research centres and companies. However, it is estimated that the EU will need to train and employ at least one million new researchers by 2027 in order to achieve the targets beings set beyond the for increa sed investment in research and innovation. This need is particularly acute (such as in industry and business, including SMEs, government, civil society academic sector .) and requires collaborat ion between the different organisations, cultural institutions, hospitals etc sectors to provide adequately trained new researchers. The EU must reinforce its efforts to entice more young women and men to a career in research, be more inclusive and promote better s from third countries, retain its own researchers and attract researcher work/family life balance, reintegrate European researchers working elsewhere back to Europe. In addition, in order to more widely spread excellence, the conditions under which researchers perform must be further improved hout the European Research Area (ERA). In this respect, stronger links are needed notably throug with the European Education Area (EEdA), the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), and European Social Fund (ESF+). - These challenges can best be addressed at EU level due to their systemic nature and to the cross country effort needed to solve them.) up, Curie Actions (MSCA) focus on excellent research that is fully bottom - - The Marie Skłodowska - up and open to any field of research and innovation from basic research up to market take innovation services. This includes research fields covered under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). If specific needs arise and additional fundi ng sources become available, the MSCA may certain activities in specific challenges (incl. identified missions), types of research and seek links to innovation institutions, or geographical locations in order to respond to the evolution of Europe's ments in terms of skills, research training, career development and knowledge sharing. require 42 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

43 level for attracting researchers from third countries to - The MSCA are the main instrument at EU rch and innovation. Europe, thus making a major contribution to global cooperation in resea Evidence shows that the MSCA not only have a positive impact on individuals, organisations, and - at system level, but also yield high impact and breakthrough research results while at the same time term investment in people - as well as strategic challenges. Long contributing significantly to societal pays off, as indicated by the number of Nobel Prize winners who have been either former MSCA fellows or supervisors. anisations from both Through global research competition between scientists and between host org the academic and non - academic sector, and through the creation and sharing of high - quality knowledge across countries, sectors and disciplines, the MSCA contribute notably to the goals of the 'Jobs, growth and investment' agenda, the E U Global Strategy and to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The MSCA contribute to making the ERA more effective, competitive and attractive on a global - d providing skilled researchers an scale. This is achieved by focusing on a new generation of highly support for emerging talent from across the EU and beyond including fostering their transition to by fostering the diffusion and other components of the programme, such as ERC and EIT; application of new knowledge and ideas to European policies inter alia , the economy and society, cooperation through improved science communication and public outreach measures; by facilitating and by publishing following the principles of open performing organisations - between research advocating an ; and b y having a pronounced structuring impact on the ERA, science and FAIR data setting standards for quality training, attractive employment conditions and open labour market and in line with the Europe based - recruitment for all researchers open an Charter , transparent and merit . for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 43 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

44 2.2. Areas of Intervention 2.2.1. Nurturing Excellence through Mobility of Researchers across Borders, Sectors and Disciplines The EU must remain a reference for excellent research and thus attractive for the most point promising researchers, European and non - European alike, at all stages of their careers. This can be achieved by enabling researchers and research - related staff to move and collaborate between quality training and career countri es, sectors and disciplines and thus benefit from high - and other sectors facilitate career moves between academia opportunities. This will as well as stimulate entrepreneurial activity. Broad Lines or outside Europe for the best or most promising Mobility experiences within – researchers regardless of nationality to undertake excellent research and develop their and other sectors in academia skills as well as career and broaden their network (including research infrastructures) . 2.2.2. Fostering new Skills through Excellent Training of Researchers The EU needs a strong, resilient and creative human resource base, with the right combination of ge and skills to match the future needs of the labour market, to innovate and to convert knowled ideas into products and services for economic and social benefit. This can be achieved through training researchers to further develop their core research competences as well as enhance their society responsible, open creative, a transferable skills such as to - and entrepreneurial mindset - and . This will allow them to face current and future global awareness of sustainable development challenges, and improve their career prospects and innovation potential. Broad Lines Training programmes to equip res – earchers with a diversity of skills relevant to current and future global challenges. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 44 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

45 Resources and Skills Development across the European Research Strengthening Human 2.2.3. Area perfor - In order to foster excellence, promote cooperation between research ming organisations and quality training and mentoring create a positive structuring effect, high standards, good working - . If conditions and effective career development of researchers need to be introduced across the ERA appropriate and justified by a stud y, support for researchers to return to their country of origin shall be provided within the context of the existing broad lines within and to the Union . This will help modernise or enhance research training programmes and systems as well as increasing titutions' attractiveness ins worldwide . Broad Lines Training programmes to foster excellence and spread best practices across institutions, – and research and innovation systems; research infrastructures and transdisciplinary and diffusion of knowledge within cooperation, production - Inter – the EU and with third countries; Improving and Facilitating Synergies 2.2.4. Synergies between research and innovation systems and programmes at EU, regional and national . This can be ach further developed level need to be , ieved in particular through synergies complementarities with other parts of Horizon Europe such as the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) and other EU programmes, notably Erasmus and the ESF+, including via a Seal of Excellence. Broad Lines Training programmes and similar research career development initiatives supported – through complementary public or private funding sources at regional, national or EU level. 45 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

46 2.2.5. Promoting Public Outreach The awareness of the programme’s activit ies and the public recognition of researchers need to be enhanced across the EU and beyond, to raise the global profile of the MSCA and to develop a better understanding of the impact of researchers’ work on citizens’ daily lives, and to encourage young by working according to the open pe ople to embark on research careers. This can be achieved science principle which leads to better dissemination, exploitation and diffusion of knowledge and practices. Citizen science could play a valuable role as well. Broad Lines – Public outreach initiatives to stimulate interest in research careers, especially amongst young people of all backgrounds ; Promotion activities to raise the global profile, visibility and awareness of the MSCA; – knowledge through cross national project collaboration, - Diffusion and clustering of – and other networking activities such as an alumni service. contact points (NCP) projects 3. RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES Rationale 3.1. State of the art research infrastructures provide key services to research and innovation and laying the basis communities, playing an essential role in extending the frontiers of knowledge for research and innovation contributions to tackle the global challenges and industrial competitiveness . Supporting research infra structures at the EU level helps to mitigate what in many cases is the reality of scattered national and regional research infrastructures and pockets of and so strengthening the ERA as well as increasing the circulation of scientific excellence, across silos. knowledge Scientific progress is increasingly dependent on the collaborations of research infrastructures and industry that develop the necessary instruments based on new key enabling technologies and other new technologies. 46 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

47 class sustainable research infrastructures open and - Europe with world ow The overall aim is to end accessible to all researchers in Europe and beyond, which fully exploit their potential for scientific search and Key objectives are to reduce the fragmentation of the re advance and innovation. innovation ecosystem, avoiding duplication of effort, and better coordinate the design, . , including those financed from ERDF development, accessibility and use of research infrastructures It is crucial to support open access to research infrastr uctures for all European researchers as well as, inter alia through the European Open Science Cloud (hereafter 'EOSC'), increased access to digital research resources, specifically of open science and open data stimulating the up - take practises. term sustainability of research infrastructures as they are - It is also important to improve the long continuous typically operational for several decades and therefore should produce plans to secure and stable support. Equally, the EU needs to tackle the r apid increase of global competition for talent by attracting third class research infrastructures. Increasing the country researchers to work with European world - and innovation capabilities competitiveness of European industry is also a major objective, pporting key technologies and services relevant for research infrastructures and their users, thus su improving the conditions for supply of innovative solutions. framework programmes have made a significant contribution towards the more efficient and Past fective use of national ef research infrastructures as well as developed with the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) a coherent and strategy - led approach to policy making on pan ch has generated clear advantages, European research infrastructures. This strategic approa - including reducing duplication of effort with more efficient overall use of resources, as well as Research mobility plays an important role in facilitating the standardising processes and procedures. use of research infrastructures, therefore synergies with national and European mobility schemes . have to be considered REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 47 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

48 optimising existing the EU supported activity will provide added value through: consolidating and research infrastructure research Europe alongside efforts to develop new landscape in infrastructures ensuring similar sets of research ; European importance and impact - of pan infrastructures work together to address strategic issue establishing the s affecting user communities; European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) as an effective scalable and sustainable environment for the interconnection of national and regional research and education networks, - data driven research; - enhancing and sec capacity network infrastructure for massive amounts of data and uring high - pan access to digital resources across borders and domain boundaries; promoting the uropean E coverage of distributed research infrastructures, also to enable n of research country compariso cross - ; data, e.g. in the SSH and environmental fields fostering the interoperability of research - infrastructures; enhancing and reinforcing knowledge transfer and training of high skilled human ing of existing world fostering the use and where relevant upgrad resources; European - class pan - overcoming barriers preventing the best research ; research infrastructures across Horizon Europe teams from accessing the best research infrastructures services in Europe; fostering the innovation rch infrastructures, focused on technology development and co innovation as well potential of resea - as increased use of research infrastructures by industry. And the international dimension of EU research infrastructures must be reinforced, fostering stronger cooperation wi th international counterparts and international participation in European research infrastructures for mutual benefit. – Activities will contribute to different Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) such as: SDG 3 Good Health and Well – Affordable and Clean Energy; SDG 9 – Industry Being for People; SDG - 7 – Innovation and Infrastructure; SDG 13 Climate Action. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 48 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

49 3.2. Areas of intervention 3.2.1. Consolidating and Developing the Landscape of European Research Infrastructures - The establishment, operation and term sustainability of research infrastructures identified by long European relevance is essential for the ESFRI and other world - class research infrastructures of pan - EU to ensure a leading position in frontier research, the training and upskilling of researchers, creation and use of knowledge and the competitiveness of its industries. (EOSC) should become an effective and comprehensive European Open Science Cloud The s and should provide Europe's research delivery channel for research infrastructures service communities with the next generation of data services for harvesting, storing, processing (e.g. and sharing big science data analytics, simulation, visualisation services) according to the FAIR principles . The EOSC sh ould also provide researchers in Europe with access to the majority of data generated and collected by research infrastructures as well as to HPC and exascale resources, 14 including those deployed under the European Data Infrastructure (EDI) . an research and education network will link together and enable remote access to The pan - Europe research infrastructures and research resources, by providing interconnectivity between universities, s well as international research institutes and research and innovation communities at EU level a connections to other partner networks worldwide. 14 e European Data Infrastructure will underpin the European Open Science cloud by Th - class High Performance Computing capability, high speed connectivity and providing world edge data and software services. - leading REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 49 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

50 Broad Lines European research infrastructures through the design of new - cycle of pan - The life – pha - research infrastructures; their preparatory and implementation phase, their early se operation in complementarity with other funding sources, in case of the research infrastructures supported by structural funds, as well as the consolidation and optimisation of the research infrastructure ecosystem by streamlining the monitoring practic e for ESFRI landmarks and other Pan - European research infrastructures and facilitating service agreements, evolutions, mergers, pan - European coverage or - decommissioning of pan European research infrastructures; scalability and sustainability of the – The European Open Science Cloud, including: in cooperation with the Member States and the associated countries access channel; effective federation of European, national, regional and institutional resources; its research needs and requirements (e.g. technical and policy evolution to cope with new - usage of sensitive data sets, privacy by design); data inter operability and compliance with the FAIR principles; and a wide user base; s European research and education network underpinning the EOSC and EDI a - The pan – well as enabling the delivery of HPC/data services in a cloud based environment capable of coping with extreme large data sets and computational processes. Opening, Integrating and Interconnecting Research Infrastructures 3.2.2. ll be improved through ensuring openness of key international, national The research landscape wi and regional research infrastructures for all European researchers and integrating their services sion and when necessary so as to harmonise access conditions, improve and enlarge service provi encourage common development strategy of high tech components and advanced services through innovation actions. REV 1 50 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

51 Broad Lines – Networks that bring together national and regional funders of research infrastructures - onal access of researchers; nati for the co - funding of trans Networks of pan European, national and regional research infrastructures, addressing – - global challenges for the provision of access to researchers as well as for the harmonisation and improvement of the s' services. infrastructure research 2a. 3.2. European Research Infrastructures and for activities The innovation potential of Innovation and Training To stimulate innovation both in the research infrastructures themselves and in industries, R&D to develop Union capacities and demand for industrial fostered cooperation with industry will be tech areas such as scientific instrumentation. In addition, the use of research supply in high - be based centres, will infrastructures by industry, e.g. as experimental test facilities or knowledge - encouraged. The development and exploitation of research infrastructures will require appropriate skills for their managers, researchers, engineers and technicians, as well as users. For this purpose, naging and operating research infrastructures of Union funding will support the training of staff ma European interest, the exchange of staff and best practices between facilities, and the adequate - pan supply of human resources in key disciplines, including the emergence of specific education Curie actions will be encouraged. ergies with the Marie Skłodowska curricula. Syn - Broad lines Integrated networks of research infrastructures for the preparation and implementation - for technological development and instrumentation; of a common strategy/roadmap - European training of staff managing and operating research infrastructures of pan - interest. REV 1 51 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

52 Reinforcing European Research Infrastructure policy and International Cooperation 2b . 3.2 - Support is needed so that policy makers, funding bodies or advisory groups such as ESFRI are well European term - sustainable aligned towards developing and implementing a coherent and long strategy on research infrastructures. international cooperation will strengthen of the position of European Similarly, enabling strategic research infrastructures at international level, ensuring their global networking, interoperability and reach. Broad Lines - Survey, monitoring and assessment of research infrastructu res at EU level, as well as policy studies, communication and training actions, strategic international cooperation actions for research infrastructures, and specific activities of relevant policy and advisory bodies. REV 1 52 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

53 PILLAR II COMPETITIVENESS GLOBAL CHALLENGES AND EURO PEAN INDUSTRIAL which are also global challenges. The scale and , some of challenges The EU is confronted by many adequate, properly complexity of the problems are vast, need to be tackled jointly and matched by sources, by trained and skilled human re a resources and amount of financial the appropriate proportionate effort in order to find solutions. These are precisely the areas where the EU must being of - up for the benefit and well - work together; smart, flexible and joined all our citizens. Greater impact can be obtained through aligning actions with other nations and regions of the world within international cooperation along the lines indicated by the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris climate agreement. Based on mutual benefit, partners from across the world will be invited to join EU efforts as an integral part of research and innovation for sustainable . development s of sustainable Research and innovation are key driver and inclusive growth and technological and industrial competitiveness. They will contribute to finding solutions to today’s problems, and the d problems of tomorrow, in order to reverse as quickly as possible, the negative and dangerous tren with the growing growing use of natural resources and that currently links economic development the challenges turn This will social challenges. into rapid into new business opportunities and . benefits for society REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 53 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

54 technologies and industries showcasing knowledge, er of The EU will benefit as user and produc open and democratic society creative, resilient, how modern industrialised, sustainable, inclusive, environmental social examples of - - and economy can function and develop. The growing economic the sust ainable economy of the future will be fostered and boosted, be they for: health and well - creative and inclusive societies; or societies strengthened by civil security; being for all; or resilient, or available clean energy and mobility; or a digitised econ omy and society; or a transdisciplinary - functioning or a well based solutions; - related, marine or land - and creative industry; or space bioeconomy, protection including food and nutrition solutions; sustainable use of natural resources, of the environment, mitigation and adaptation, all generating wealth in Europe and change climate , as well as developing EU offering higher quality jobs. Industrial transformation will be crucial . innovative industrial value chains New technologies affect virtually all policy areas. For each separate technology there is often a combination of social and economic opportunities, opportunities for efficiency and quality and improvement of the government, consequences for employment and education, but also possible Technology policy therefore necessarily requires an integral y, privacy and ethics. risks for safet sectoral cooperation and strategy formulation. - weighing of interests, and cross Research and innovation under this pillar of Horizon Europe is grouped into integrated, non siloed - broad clusters of activities. Rather than addressing sectors, the investments aim at systemic changes for our society and economy along a sustainability vector. These will only be achieved if all actors, designi both private and public, engage in co - creating research and innovation; bringing - ng and co users, scientists, technologists, producers, innovators, businesses, educators, - policy - together end makers, citizens and civil society organisations. Therefore, none of the clusters is intended for only one set of actors and all activities will be implemented primarily by collaborative research and innovation projects selected on the basis of competitive calls for proposals. develop and apply, In addition to addressing global challenges, activities in the clusters will also key enabling and emerging technologies based) as part of a common strategy - (either or not digital leadership. Where appropriate this will use EU space to promote the EU's industrial and social - p to 8 enabled data and services. All TRL levels u Europe will be covered in this pillar of Horizon without prejudice to Union competition law. 54 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

55 technological solutions, - generate new knowledge and develop technological and non will Actions ons including pilot lines and bring technology from lab to market and to develop applicati and include demonstrators, measures to stimulate market uptake and to boost private sector and incentives to standardisation activities within the Union. Technologies require commitment critical mass of European researchers an d industry to establish world leading eco - systems , that include state of the art technology infrastructures e.g. for testing. Synergies with other parts of Horizon Europe and the EIT, as well as other programmes will be maximised. kind innovation in the EU through a its he quick introduction of first - of - - The clusters will boost t broad range of embedded activities, including communication, dissemination and exploitation, y standardisation as well as support to non - technological innovation and innovative deliver mechanisms, helping create innovation friendly societal, regulatory and market conditions such as the innovation deals. Pipelines of innovative solutions originating from research and innovation ate investors as well as other relevant EU actions will be established and targeted to public and priv programmes. and national or regional Synergies will be developed with the third pillar of Horizon Europe in that perspective. Gender equality is a crucial factor in order to obtain sustainable economic growth. It is therefore important to integrate a gender perspective in all global challenges. 1. 'HEALTH' CLUSTER Rationale 1.1. The EU Pillar of Social Rights asserts that everyone has the right to timely access to affordable, that is safe and preventive and curative health care of good quality. This underlines the EU’s commitment to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals calling for universal health coverage for all and at all ages by 2030, leaving no one behind, and ending preventable deaths. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 55 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

56 ion is vital for a stable, sustainable and inclusive society, and improvements in A healthy populat health are crucial in reducing poverty, in dealing with an ageing European society, in fostering to the OECD a 10% social progress and prosperity, and in increasing economic growth. According 0.4% a year. - improvement in life expectancy is associated with a rise in economic growth of 0.3 Life expectancy in the EU increased by 12 years since its establishment as a result of tremendous improvements achieved in the quality of life , environment, education, health and care of its people. In 2015, overall life expectancy at birth was 80.6 years in the EU compared to 71.4 years globally. In the past years, it increased in the EU on average by 3 months annually. Besides these improvemen ts social and gender - specific differences in life expectancy can be observed between specific groups and across European countries. Health research and innovation have played a significant part in this achievement but also in quality in the health and care industry. However, the EU continues to improving productivity and face novel, newly emerging or persisting challenges that are threatening citizens and public health, ompetitiveness of the sustainability of its health care and social protection systems, as well as the c its health and care industry. Major health challenges in the EU include: accessibility and affordability of health and care; the lack of effective health promotion and disease prevention; the rise of non increas the communicable diseases; - the increase of mental illness; the ed cases of cancer; increased spread of antimicrobial drug resistance and the emergence of infectious epidemics; the persistence of health inequalities among and within countries environmental pollution; y affecting people that are disadvantaged or in vulnerable stages of life; the disproportionall - , including poverty detection, understanding, control, prevention and mitigation of health risks nt; demographic in a rapidly changing social, urban, rural and natural environme related aspects, the increasing costs for European health care systems; change, including ageing - related issues, and and the increasing pressure on the European health and care industry to remain competitive in and vis by developing health innovation vis - emerging global players. In addition, vaccine hesitancy a - may decrease immunisation coverage among certain population groups. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 56 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

57 These health challenges are complex, interlinked and global in nature and require multidisciplinary, sectorial and transnational collaborations. Research and - cross technical, - technical and non innovation activities will build close linkages between discovery, clinical, translational environmental and socio ethical, epidemiological, - economic research as well as with regulatory science s. They will address areas of unmet clinical needs such as for example rare or hard to treat diseases (cancers, such as p a ediatric and lung cancer). They will harness the combined skills of academia, practitioners, regulatory bodies and industry and foster their collaboration with health services, social services, patients, policy - makers and citizens in order to leverage on public funding and ensure the uptake of results in clinical practice as well as in health care systems taking into account the competen cies of Member States regarding the organisation and financing of their health ull advantage will be taken of genomic and other multiomics frontier research, as well as F systems. progressive introduction r addressing a variety of personalised medicine approaches, relevant fo the - of non . communicable diseases and the digitalisation in health and care Research and innovation will foster strategic collaboration at EU and international level in order to economies of scale, scope, speed and ate pool the expertise, capacities and resources needed to cre share the expected benefits and as well as to exploit synergies, avoid duplication of effort and financial risks involved. Synergies in health research and innovation in Horizon Europe shall be promoted, in particul ar with the Health Strand within the European Social Fund Plus. Digital health solutions have created many opportunities to solve the problems of care services and to address other emerging issues of ageing society. Full advantage should be taken of the portunities that digitalisation in health and care can provide without jeopardising the right to op privacy and data protection. Digital devices and software have been developed to diagnose, treat management of illness, including - and facilitate patients’ self chronic diseases. Digital technologies are also increasingly used in medical training and education and for patients and other healthcare consumers to access, share and create health information. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 57 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

58 lenge will develop the knowledge base, The research and innovation activities of this global chal exploit existing knowledge and technologies, consolidate and create the research and innovation capacity and develop the solutions needed for a more effective promotion of health and the integrated prevention, and treatment, rehabilitation and cure of diseases diagnos is, monitoring, Results of research will be translated as recommendations for action (long . term and palliative) care - result in Improving health outcomes will in turn and communicated with the relevant stakeholders. and , improved quality of life life expectancy, healthy active lives being and - well increased productivity, more healthy life years and sustainability of health and care systems. In line with articles 14 and 15 of the Regulation and the Charter for Human Rights and Fundamental Principles, aspects and the needs of disadvantaged and and ethnical ethics, protection of human dignity, gender . tion vulnerable people will receive special atten support the EU’s commitment to the United Nation's 2030 Addressing major health challenges will Agenda for Sustainable Development and those in the context of other UN organisations and lans of action of the World Health international initiatives, including the global strategies and p contribute to the EU's policy goals and strategies, notably to the EU Organization (WHO). It will border healthcare, - Pillar of Social Rights, the EU Digital Single Market, the EU Directive on cross alth Action Plan against antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and to the and the European One He implementation of the relevant EU regulatory frameworks. Activities will contribute directly to the following Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) in l Good Health and Wel – particular: SDG 3 Climate Action. – Being for People; SDG13 - REV 1 58 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

59 Areas of Intervention 1.2. Health throughout the Life Course 1.2.1. People in vulnerable stages of life (perinatal , birth, infancy, childhood, adolescence, pregnancy, e with disabilities or injuries, have specific health needs mature and late adulthood), including peopl that require better understanding and tailored solutions, taking gender and ethical aspects into consideration . This will allow reducing related health inequalities and improving health outcomes t o the benefit of active and healthy ageing throughout the life course, including through a healthy start of life and diet reducing the risk of mental and physical diseases later in life. Prevention and communication will consider characteristics of specifi c audiences: Broad Lines Understanding the early development and the aging process throughout the life course; – – natal, maternal, paternal, infant and child health as well as the role of - and neo - pre parents, family and educators; lescents, including factors influencing mental health; – Health needs of ado – Health consequences of disabilities and injuries; Research on measures to plan, implement and monitor rehabilitation throughout the life - course and especially early individual rehabilitation progr amme (EIRP) for children affected by disabling pathologies , including social participation Healthy ageing, independent and active life – for the elderly and/or disabled people; – Health education and health literacy, including digital. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 59 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

60 al and Social Health Determinants Environment 1.2.2. understanding of health drivers and risk factors determined by the social, culture, Improved economic and physical environment in people’s everyday life and at the workplace, including the health impact of digitalisation , human mobility (such as migration and travel), pollution, nutrition, climate change and other environmental issues, will contribute to identify , prevent and mitigate health risks and threats; to reducing death and illness from exposure to chemicals and friendly, healthy, resilient and nvironmental pollution; to supporting e safe, - environmental sustainable living and working environments; to promoting healthy lifestyles and consumption . This will also be based on behaviour; and to developing an equitable, inclusive and trusted society population based cohorts, human biomonitoring and epidemiological studies. Broad Lines – and methodologies for assessing hazards, exposures and health impact of Technologies ressors related to climate change, chemicals, indoor and outdoor pollutants and other st the environment and combined effects of several stressors; or workplace, lifestyle Environmental, occupational, socioeconomic, cultural, genetic and behavioural factors – , impacting physical and mental health and well - being of people and their interaction , age special attention to vulnerable and disadvantaged people with - specific and gender - , and including the impact on health of the design of specific issues where relevant ; buildings, products and services assessment, management and communication, supported by transdisciplinary Risk – making, - based decision - approaches, where relevant, and improved tools for evidence including replacement of and alternatives to animal testing; use - use, re and combine data on Capacity and infrastructures to secu – rely collect, share, all health determinants, including human exposure, and ensure their connection with databases on environmental parameters, lifestyles, health status and diseases, at EU and international level; 60 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

61 Health promotion and primary prevention interventions, including occupational aspects. – 1.2.3. Non - Communicable and Rare Diseases on - communicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer, rare diseases, pose a major health and N roved understanding and taxonomy, as well as more effective societal challenge and call for imp approaches, including personalised medicine (also called "precision medicine") approaches, in and cure as well as understanding of rehabilitation treatment, prevention, diagnosis, monitoring, imorbidities. mult Broad Lines - communicable Understanding the mechanisms underlying the development of non – ; including Cardiovascular diseases diseases, Longitudinal population studies to support understanding health and disease parameters – and help stratif ying populations in support of the development of preventive medicine; and for timely – Diagnostic tools and techniques for earlier and more accurate diagnosis - patient adapted treatment, enabling delay and/or reversal of the progression of disease; – Preve ntion and screening programmes, in line with or going beyond WHO, UN and EU recommendations; monitoring, health promotion, disease prevention, and Integrated solutions for self - – management of chronic conditions and multi morbidities, including neurodegene rative - and cardiovascular diseases; – Treatments, cures or other therapeutic interventions, including both pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments; – Palliative care; ic cancers Areas of high unmet clinical need, such as rare diseases, including paediatr – REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 61 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

62 Assessment of comparative effectiveness of interventions and solutions, including based – on Real World Data (RWD); – Implementation research to scale up health interventions and support their uptake in health policies and systems; t of research and improvement of information, care and treatment, – Developmen including personalised medicine, for rare diseases. Infectious Diseases , including poverty - 1.2.4. related and neglected diseases - Protecting people against cross and global border health threats is a major challenge for public health, calling for effective international cooperation at EU and global level. This will involve for ction , early dete of and research response to , preparedness of understanding and prevention - including poverty , treatment and cure of infectious diseases, outbreaks and neglected related diseases, and also tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) following a 'One Health approach'. Broad Lines - related mechanisms; ion Understanding infect – Drivers for the emergence or re – - emergence of infectious diseases and their spread, including transmission from animals to humans (zoonosis), or from other parts of the environment (water, soil, plants, food) to humans, as well as impact of climate change and ecosystems evolutions on the dynamics of infectious diseases ; detection, control and surveillance of infectious diseases, and rapid Prediction, early – associated infections and environmental related factors; - healthcare Comb – atting antimicrobial resistance, including epidemiology, prevention, diagnosis, as well as the development of new antimicrobials and vaccines; , including vaccine platform technologies , diagnostics, treatments and cures for Vaccines – infections; - morbidities and co - ncluding co infectious diseases, i REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 62 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

63 Addressing low vaccine uptake, understanding vaccine hesitancy and building vaccine – confidence; Effective health emergency preparedness, response and recovery measures and – strategies, involving communities, a nd their coordination at regional, national and EU level; Barriers to the implementation and uptake of medical interventions in clinical practice – as well as in the healthcare system; and middle - in low border aspects of infectious diseases and specific challenges - Trans – - , including income countries (LMICs), such as AIDS, tuberculosis and tropical diseases malaria, also in relation to migratory flows and, in general, to increased human . mobility and Care, including personalised Tools, Technologies and Digital Solutions for Health 1.2.5. medicine and contributed to a large extent to the are vital for public health Health technologies and tools improvements achieved in the quality of life, health and care of people, in the EU. It is important thus a key stra and evaluate suitable, implement , design, develop, deliver to tegic challenge and cost trustable, safe, user - effective tools and technologies for health and care, taking - friendly due account of the needs of people with disabilities and the aging society. T hese include key enabling technologies from new biomaterials to biotechnology as well as single cell methods, multiomics and systems medicine approaches, artificial intelligence and other digital technologies, stimulating a competitive and g ones, as well as offering significant improvements over existin sustainable health - related industry that creates high related - The European health - value jobs. industry is one of the critical economic sectors in the EU, accounting for 3% of GDP and 1.5 elevant stakeholders need to be involved as early as possible, and the non million employees. R technological dimension will be taken into account, in order to ensure acceptability of new technologies, methodologies and tools. This includes citizens, health care providers and professionals. 63 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

64 Broad Lines Tools and technologies for applications across the health spectrum and any relevant – medical indication, including functional impairment; – Integrated tools, technologies , medical devices, medical imaging, biotechnology, and digital nanomedicine and advanced therapies (including cellular and gene therapy), mobile solutions and care , including solutions for human health artificial intelligence, and telehealth, while addressing, when relevant, cost - efficiency production aspe cts at an early stage (in order to optimize the industrialisation stage and the potential of innovation to become an affordable medicinal product); – Piloting, large scale deployment, optimisation, and innovation procurement of health - and care technologie life settings including clinical trials, - s and tools in real implementation research including diagnostics based on personalised medicine; – Innovative processes and services for the development, manufacturing and rapid delivery of tools and technologies f or health and care; effectiveness, interoperability - and quality of tools and – The safety, efficacy , cost , technologies for health and care as well as their ethical, legal and social impact including social acceptance issues ; Regulatory science and stan dards for health and care technologies and tools; – Health data management, including data interoperability, integration, analytical and – visualisation methods, decision making processes, building on artificial intelligence, data mining, big data technolog ies, bioinformatics and high performance computing technologies to foster personalised medicine including prevention, and to optimise the health journey. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 6 7911/1/19 4 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

65 Health Care Systems 1.2.6. Health systems are a key asset of the EU social systems, accounting for 24 million employees in the . It is a main priority render health to of Member States health and social work sector in 2017 accessible effective, resilient, sustainable and for all, integrated , cost - systems safe and secure , unleashing rvices, with timely and relevant se as well as to reduce inequalities, including by trusted centred care - building driven and digital innovation for better health and person - the potential of data European data infrastructures. New opportunities such as 5G deploymen and safe on open t, the concept of ‘digital twins’ and the Internet of Things will advance the digital transformation of health and care. Broad Lines reforms in health systems and policies in Europe and – Supporting the knowledge base for beyond; – New models and approach es for health and care, including personalised medicine approaches, management and organisational aspects, and their transferability or adaptation from one country/region to another; Improving health technology assessment; – y and effective policy response; Evolution of health inequalit – Future health workforce and its needs, including digital skills; – , reliable, safe and trustworthy health information and use/reuse of – Improving timely data protection , health data, including electronic health records, with due attention to , including the misuse of personal life style and health information, security, accessibility interoperability, standards, comparability and integrity; – Health systems resilience in absorbing the impact of crises and to accommodate disr uptive innovation; REV 1 65 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

66 – Solutions for citizen and patient empowerment, self - monitoring, and interaction with centred health and social care professionals, for more integrated care and a user - approach, while considering equal access; ‒ Data, information, knowle dge and best practice from health systems research at EU - level and globally building on existing knowledge and databases . SOCIETY INCLUSIVE AND CREATIVITY CULTURE, CLUSTER 2. ' 2.1. Rationale The EU stands for a unique way of combining economic growth with sustainable development goals and social policies, with high levels of social inclusion, shared values embracing democracy, human rights, gender equality and the richness of diversity. This m odel is constantly evolving and needs to deal with the challenges from amongst other things, globalisation and technological change . and rising inequalities The EU must promote a model of inclusive and sustainable growth while reaping the benefits of nological advancements, enhancing trust in and promoting innovation of democratic tech governance, fostering education, combatting inequalities, unemployment, marginalisation, rsity and discrimination and radicalisation, guaranteeing human rights, fostering cultural dive European cultural heritage and empowering citizens through social innovation. The management of migration and the integration of migrants will also continue to be priority issues. The role of arts, humanities research and innovation in social sciences, as well as in the cultural and , and creative sectors, in responding to these challenges and achieving the EU’s goals is fundamental. In particular SSH aspects are included in all intervention areas of this cluster. generational and trans national character of the challenges call for - The magnitude, complexity, inter multi - layered EU action. Addressing such critical social, political, cultural and economic issues approaches only at national level would carry the danger of inefficient use of resources, fragmented and dissimilar standards of knowledge and capacity. REV 1 66 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

67 Research and Innovation activities in this Global Challenge will be overall aligned with the EU's priorities on Democratic Change; Jobs, Growth and Investment; Justice and Fundamental Rights ; Migration; A Deeper and Fairer European Monetary Union; Digital Single Market. It will respond to the commitment of the Rome Agenda to work towards: "a social Europe" and "a Union which preserves our cultural heritage and promotes cultural diversity". It will also support the European Pillar of Social Rights, and the Global Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration. Synergies with the Justice Programme and with the Rights and Values Programme, which support activities in the area of access to justic e, victims' rights, gender equality, non - discrimination, data protection and promotion of the European citizenship, as well as with the Creative Europe and Digital Europe programme, Erasmus, Erasmus+ and European Social Fund Plus, will be exploited. ties will contribute directly to the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Activi 3 particular: SDG 1 - No Poverty; SDG Quality – Good Health and Well - Being for People; SDG 4 - Education; – h; SDG 9 Decent Work and Economic Growt – 8 SDG Gender Equality; - SDG 5 Sustainable - - Reducing Inequalities; SDG 11 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; SDG 10 Cities and Communities; SDG 16 – Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. 2.2. Areas of Intervention Governance Democracy and 2.2.1. established and Trust in democracy political institutions seems to be receding. Disenchantment with politics is increasingly articulated by anti - establishment and populist parties and a resurgent - ows and security economic inequalities, high migration fl nativism. This is compounded by socio concerns . Responding to present and future challenges requires new thinking on how , among others democratic institutions at all levels must adapt in a context of greater diversity, global economic competition, rapid technological advanceme nts and digitisation, with citizens' experience of democratic discourses, practices and institutions being crucial. 67 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ECOMP.3.C. ANNEX EN

68 Broad Lines – The history, evolution and efficacy of democracies, at different levels and in different ural and youth policies as cornerstones of democratic forms; the role of education, cult citizenship; – The role of social capital and access to culture in strengthening democratic dialogue and civic participation, open and trusting societies. Innovative and responsible – accessibility, the transparency, port approaches to sup responsiveness, accountability , trustworthiness, resilience, effectiveness and legitimacy of democratic governance in full respect of fundamental and human rights and of the rule of law; – Strategies to address populism, racism, polarisation, corruption, extremism, radicalisation, terrorism and to include, empower and engage citizens; Analysis and development of social, economic and political inclusion and inter - - cultural dynamics in Europ e and beyond; Better understand the role of journalistic standards and user – - generated content in a hyper connected society and develop tools to combat disinformation; - including spiritual cultural The role of multi – - identities, in relation to democracy, as well as EU founding values such as respect, citizenship and political engagement, tolerance, gender equality, cooperation and dialogue ; - Support research to understand identity and belonging across communities, regions and nations; The impact of te – chnological and scientific advancements, including big data, online social networks and artificial intelligence on democracy, privacy and the freedom of speech; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 68 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

69 – Deliberative, participatory and direct democracy and governance and active and tizenship, including the digital dimension; inclusive ci – The impact of economic and social inequalities on political participation and democratic governance, and research on to what extent it can contribute of reversing inequalities mination including gender to a more resilient and combatting all forms of discri democracy; , social and political dimensions of criminality, dogmatism and radicalisation, in Human - relation to those engaged or potentially engaged in such behaviour as well as to those ly affected; affected or potential - Combatting disinformation, fake news and hate speech, and their impact in shaping the public sphere; - The EU as an international and regional actor in multilateral governance, including new approaches to science diplomacy . - Efficiency of justice systems and improved access to justice based on judiciary independence and principles and human rights, with fair, efficient and transparent procedural methods both in civil and criminal matters. 69 7911/1/19 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

70 Cultural Heritage 2.2.2. spiritual beliefs and The European cultural and creative sectors build bridges between arts, culture, experiences and cultural heritage, business and technology. Furthermore, Cultural and Creative pe, are a driver for growth and are in a Industries (CCIs) play a key role in reindustrialising Euro overs in other industrial sectors, such as tourism, retail, strategic position to trigger innovative spill - media and digital technologies and engineering. Cultural heritage forms an integral part of the cultural and creative sectors and is the fabric of our lives, meaningful to communities, groups and societies, giving a sense of belonging. It is the bridge between the past and the future of our perceived and interpreted are societies. A better understanding of our cultural heritage and how it is vital to creating an inclusive society in Europe and worldwide. It is also a driving force of European, national, regional and local economies and a powerful source of inspiration for creative ng, conserving, safeguarding and restoring, interpreting and and cultural industries. Accessi harnessing the full potential of our cultural heritage are crucial challenges now and for future intangible, e arts, , generations. Cultural heritage is the major input and inspiration for th tangible and traditional craftsmanship, the cultural, creative and entrepreneurial sectors that are drivers of sustainable economic growth, new job creation and external trade. In this sense, both innovation and resilience of cultural heritage need to be consid ered in collaboration with local communities and relevant stakeholders. It also may serve as an agent of cultural diplomacy and as a factor of identity building and cultural and social cohesion. Broad Lines – Heritage studies and sciences, with cutting e dge technologies and innovative methodologies, including digital ones; – Access to and sharing of cultural heritage, with innovative patterns and uses and participatory management models; echnologies, such as Research for the accessibility of cultural heritage through new t – cloud services, including but not limited to a European cultural heritage collaborative - space , as well as encouraging and facilitating transmission of know how and skills. This will be preceded by an impact assessment; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 70 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

71 business models to strengthen the financial foundation of the heritage Sustainable – sector; Connect cultural heritage with emerging creative sectors, including interactive media, – and social innovation; The contribution of cultural heritage to sustainable developme – nt through conservation, and regeneration of cultural landscapes, with the EU as a safeguarding, developing, based innovation and sustainable cultural tourism; - laboratory for heritage – management of Conservation, safeguarding, enhancement, restoration and sustainable cultural heritage and languages including the use of traditional skills and crafts or cutting edge technologies including digital; – Influence of cultural memories, traditions, behavioural patterns, perceptions, beliefs, values, nging and identities. The role of culture and cultural heritage in sense of belo multi cultural societies and patterns of cultural inclusion and exclusion. - 2.2.3. Social and Economic Transformations European societies are undergoing profound socio - economic and cultural transformations, especially as a result of globalisation and technological innovations. At the same time there has 15 . Forward - been an increase in income inequality in most European countries looking policies are and inclusive growth, gender equality, - well and needed, with a view to promoting sustainable being reversing inequalities, boosting productivity (including advancements in its measurement), socio - responding to migration and integration spatial inequalities and human capital, understanding and challe , intercultural dialogue and social mobility. nges and supporting intergenerational solidarity Accessible, inclusive and high quality education and training systems are needed for a more equitable and prosperous future. 15 Economic Divide - Understanding The Socio OECD in Europe, 26 January 2017. 71 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

72 Broad Lines dvice on investments and policies especially education and Knowledge base for a – training, for high value added skills, productivity, social mobility, growth, social innovation and job creation. The role of education and training to tackle inequalities and failure prevention - ncluding school underpin inclusion, i ; – Social sustainability beyond GDP - only indicators especially new economic and business models and new financial technologies; Statistical and other economic tools for a better understanding of growth and innovation – in a context of sluggish productivity gains and/or structural economic changes; New governance models in emerging economic areas and market institutions; – New types of work, the role of work, upskilling, trends and changes in labour markets – in contemporary societies, and their impacts on income distribution, and income - work life balance, working environments, non - discrimination including gender equality and social inclusion; - Greater understanding of the societal changes in Europe and their impact; The effects of social, technological and economic transformations on access to safe, – healthy, affordable and sustainable housing; Tax and benefits systems together with social security and social investment policies, – s in a fair and sustainable way and addressing the with a view to reversing inequalitie impacts of technology, demographics and diversity; urban and Inclusive and sustainable development and growth models for urban, semi – - rural environments; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 72 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

73 – Understanding human mobility and its impacts i n the context of social and economic transformations, considered in the global and local scales for better migration - long respect of differences, governance, term integration of migrants including refugees and impact of related policy interventions; respec t of international commitments and human rights and issues of development aid and cooperation; greater, improved access culture, to quality education, training, labour market, support services, active and inclusive citizenship especially for the vulnerable ; , including migrants Tackling of major challenges concerning European models for social cohesion, - immigration, integration, demographic change, ageing, disability, education, poverty and social exclusion; for gender equality in all social, economic - Advanced strategies and innovative methods and cultural domains, and to deal with gender biases and gender based violence. - Education and training systems to foster and make the best use of the EU's digital – transformation, also to manage the risks from g lobal interconnectedness and - technological innovations, especially emerging online risks, ethical concerns, socio economic inequalities and radical changes in markets; Modernisation of public authorities governance and management systems to engage – citizens and meet their expectation regarding service provision, transparency, accessibility, openness, accountability and user centricity. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 73 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

74 FOR SECURITY 'CIVIL CLUSTER 3. SOCIETY' 3.1. Rationale European cooperation has contributed to an era of unprece dented peace, stability and prosperity on the European continent. However, Europe has to respond to the challenges arising from persistent threats to the security of our increasingly complex and digitalised society. Terrorist attacks and well as cyber radicalisation, as attacks and hybrid threats, raise major security concerns and put - particular strain on societies. New, emerging security threats caused by new technologies in the near improving the abilities to future, also require attention. Future security and prosperity depend on These cannot be dealt with purely by technological means but protect Europe against such threats. require knowledge about people, their history, culture and behaviour, and include ethical een security and freedom. Moreover, Europe has to considerations regarding the balance betw - ensure its non critical technologies and support the development of - dependence on security breakthrough security technologies. and the economy need to be pro European citizens, state institutions , EU bodies tected from the continued threats of terrorism and organised crime, including firearms trafficking, drug trafficking and trafficking in human beings and trafficking of cultural goods. Human and social dimensions of quire better understanding so as to improve public policies criminality and violent radicalisation re in terms of security. Strengthening protection and security through better border management, including maritime and land borders, is also key. Cybercrime is on the increase and related risks are diversifying as the economy and society digitalise. Europe needs to continue its efforts to improve cybersecurity, digital privacy, personal data protection and combat the spread of false and harmful economic stability. Further efforts are information in order to safeguard democratic, social and required to limit the effects on lives and livelihoods of extreme weather events which are intensifying due to climate change, such as floods, storms, heat waves or droughts leading to forest fires, land degradation and other natural disasters, e.g. earthquakes. Disasters, whether natural or - human made, can put at risk important societal functions and critical infrastructures, such as communication, health, food, drinking water, energy supply, transport, security and government. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 74 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

75 This requires both technical research and research into the human factors involved to improve disaster resilience, including, where appropriate, testing applications, training and cyber hygiene More efforts are needed to evalu and education. ate the results of security research and promote their uptake. This cluster will seek synergies, in particular with the following Programmes: Internal Security Fund, Integrated Border Management Fund and Digital Europe as well as improved research and inn ovation cooperation between intergovernmental agencies and organisations including through exchange and consultation mechanisms for example in the intervention area 'Protection and Security'. Security research is part of the wider comprehensive EU response to security threats. It contributes to the capability development process by enabling the future availability of technologies, techniques makers and practitioners and civil - and applications to fill capability gaps identified by policy s. Already, funding to research through the EU's framework programme has society organisation represented around 50% of total public funding for security research in the EU. Full use will be OS, made of available instruments, including the European space programme (Galileo and EGN Copernicus, Space Situational Awareness and Governmental Satellite Communications). Whereas research and innovation activities under this Programme will have an exclusive focus on civil sought in order to strengthen funded defence research will be - applications, coordination with EU - synergies, recognizing that there are areas of dual use technology. Duplication of funding is - avoided. Cross border collaboration contributes to developing a European single security market e, underpinning the EU's autonomy. Due attention will be and improving industrial performanc given to the human understanding and perception of security. Security research responds to the commitment of the Rome Agenda to work towards "a safe and secure Europe", contributing to a genuine and effective Security Union. Activities will contribute directly to the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. – particular: SDG 16 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 75 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

76 3.1 Resilient Societies - Disaster .1. - may Disasters arise from multiple sour ces, whether natural or human made, including those from - related and other extreme events (including from sea level rises), from terrorist attacks, climate forest fires, heat waves, floods, droughts, desertification, earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic even ts, from water crises, from space weather events, from industrial and transport disasters, from CBRN events, as well as those from resulting cascading risks. The aim is to prevent and reduce the loss of ell as economic and material damage from life, harm to health and the environment, trauma as w disasters, ensure food, medicine supply and services and water security as well as to improve the disaster recovery. This implies understanding and reduction of disaster risks and enhance post - covering the full spec trum of crisis management: from prevention and training, to crisis crisis management and resilience. - management and post Broad Lines – Technologies, capabilities and governance for first responders for emergency operations aster situations and the initial phase of recovery; in crisis, disaster and post - dis The capacities of society to better prevent, manage and reduce disaster risk, including – through nature based solutions, by enhancing forecasting capabilities, prevention, - isting and new risks and domino effects, impact preparedness and response to ex assessment and a better understanding of the human factor in risk management and risk communication strategies; back – - More effectively support the build better philosophy of the Sendai Framework - through bet ter understanding of post - disaster recovery and research into more effective disaster risk assessment. - post border operational – - Interoperability of equipment and procedures to facilitate cross cooperation and an integrated EU market. REV 1 76 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

77 3.1.2. Protection an d Security There is a need to protect citizens from and to respond to security threats from criminal including terrorist activities and hybrid threats; to protect people, public spaces and critical infrastructure, cks and cyber attacks; to fight terrorism and violent - from both physical (including CBRN - E) atta radicalisation, including understanding and tackling terrorist ideas and beliefs; to prevent and fight serious crime, including cybercrime, and organised crime (such as piracy and counterfeiting of prod ucts); to support victims; to trace criminal financial flows; to develop new forensic capabilities; to support the use of data for law enforcement and to ensure the protection of personal data in law enforcement activities; to strengthen border protection capabilities, to support air, land and sea EU border management, for flows of people and goods and to understand the human factor in all these security threats and in their prevention and mitigation. It is essential to maintain flexibility to ss new and unforeseen security challenges that may arise. rapidly addre Broad Lines Innovative approaches and technologies for security practitioners (such as police forces, – border and coast guards, customs offices), in particular fire brigades, medical services, he context of, digital transformation and interoperability of security forces, operators in t of infrastructure, civil society organisations, and those managing open spaces; - – border crime phenomena, advanced methods of fast, reliable, Analysis of cross dised and privacy enhanced data sharing and collection as well as best practices; standar - uman and socio H ‒ economic dimensions of criminality and violent radicalisation, in relation to those engaged or potentially engaged in such behaviour as well as to those affected or potentially affected , including understanding and tackling terrorist ideas and beliefs and crimes based on gender, sexual orientation or racial discrimination ; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 77 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

78 - Analysis of security aspects of new technologies such as DNA ‒ sequencing, genome ed iting, nanomaterials and functional materials, Artificial Intelligence, autonomous systems, drones, robotics, quantum computing, cryptocurrencies, 3D printing and citizens, public authorities wearables, blockchain, as well as improving awareness of ustry to prevent the creation of new security risks and to reduce existing risks, and ind those including from new technologies; Improved foresight and analysis capabilities for policy making and at strategic level on – security threats; infrastructures as well as open and public spaces from physical, Protection of critical - digital and hybrid threats, including the effects of climate change; – Monitoring and combatting disinformation and fake news with implications for security, including developing capabilitie s to detect the sources of manipulation; – Technological development for civil applications with the scope to enhance, where appropriate, interoperability between civil protection and military forces; - border, Interoperability of equipment and procedures to facil itate cross – - agency operational cooperation, and develop an integrated intergovernmental and inter EU market; – Developing tools and methods for an effective and efficient Integrated Border nd improved capacity to Management, in particular to increase reaction capability a monitor movements across external borders to enhance risk detection, incident responding and crime prevention; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 78 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

79 – Detection of fraudulent activities at border crossing points and throughout the supply chain, including identifying fo rged or otherwise manipulated documents and detecting trafficking in human beings and illicit goods; – Ensuring the protection of personal data in law enforcement activities, in particular in confidentia view of rapid technological developments, including lity and integrity of information and traceability and processing of all transactions ; Developing techniques for identifying counterfeit products, for enhancing protection of - original parts and goods and for controlling transported products. Cybersecurity 3.1.3. Malicious cyber activities not only threaten our economies but also the very functioning of our democracies, our freedoms and our values. Cyber threats are often criminal, motivated by profit, but and prosperity they can also be political and strategic. Our future security , freedom, democracy depend on improving our ability to protect the EU against cyber threats. The digital transformation requires improving cybersecurity substantially, to ensure the protection of the huge number of IoT es expected to be connected to the internet, and the safe operation of network and information devic systems, including for power grids, drinking water supply and distribution, vehicles and transport homes. Europe must build resilience to systems, hospitals, finances, public institutions, factories, cyber attacks and create effective cyber deterrence , while making sure that data protection and the - . It is in the Union's interest to ensure that it develops and freedom of citizens are strengthened retains essential cybersecurity strategic capacities in order to secure the Digital Single Market, and, in particular, to ensure the protection of critical networks and of information systems and to provide key cybersecurity services. The Union must be in a position to auto nomously secure its digital assets and to compete on the global cybersecurity market. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 79 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

80 Broad Lines – Technologies across the digital value chain (from secure components and quantum - - healing software and networks); resistant cryptography to self gies to address cybersecurity threats, – Technolo , methods, standards and best practices anticipating future needs, and sustaining a competitive European industry, including tools for electronic identification, threat detection, cyber hygiene, as well as training and education resources; European cybersecurity competence network and competence An open collaboration for – centre. CLUSTER 'DIGITAL, INDUSTRY AND SPACE' 4. Rationale 4.1. es ahead, the To ensure industrial competitiveness and the capacity to address the global challeng EU must increase its technological sovereignty and its scientific, technological and industrial capacities in the key areas that underpin the transformation of our economy, the work place and society. and two thirds of private sector R&D investments and EU industry provides one out of five jobs generates 80% of EU exports. A new wave of innovation, involving a merging of physical and digital technologies, will trigger huge opportunities for EU industry and improve the quality of life for EU ci tizens. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 80 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

81 Digitisation is a major driver. As it continues at a rapid pace across all sectors, investment in priority areas ranging from trustworthy artificial intelligence to next generation internet, high nano / - micro gies, robotics and performance computing, photonics, quantum technolo electronics, - becomes essential for the strength of our economy and the sustainability of our society. Investing, producing and using digital technologies provides a major boost to EU economic growth, of 30% between 2001 and 2011 alone. In this context, the role of SMEs amounting to an increase remains fundamental in the EU, both in terms of growth and jobs. Digital uptake among SMEs promotes competitiveness and sustainability . 16 Key enabling technologies underpin the blending of the digital and the physical worlds, central to development, demonstration and this new global wave of innovation. Investing in research, deployment of key enabling technologies, and ensuring a secure, sustainable and affordable s upply of raw and advanced materials, will secure EU strategic autonomy and help EU industry to significantly reduce its carbon and environmental footprints. will Specific future and emerging technologies also be pursued as appropriate. Space is of strate gic importance; around 10% of the EU's GDP depends on the use of space class space sector, with a strong satellite manufacturing industry and services. The EU has a world - a dynamic downstream services sector. Space provides important tools for monitoring, communication, navigation, and surveillance and opens up many business opportunities especially in combination with digital technologies and other sources of data. The EU must make the most of these opportunities by fully exploiting the potential of its sp ace programmes Copernicus, EGNOS and Galileo, and by protecting space and ground infrastructures against threats from space. The EU has the unique chance of being a global leader and increase its share of world markets, by showcasing how digital transform ation, leadership in key enabling and space technologies, the transition to a low - carbon, circular economy and competitiveness can reinforce each other through scientific and technological excellence. 16 The Key Enabling Technologies of the future include advanced materials and nanotechnology, photonics and micro - - electronics, life science technologies, and nano and digital security and advanced manufacturing and processing, artificial intelligence connectivity REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 81 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

82 - ission economy a reality, action is needed at em - carbon and low To make the digitised, circular, low disciplinary nature of - EU level because of the complexity of value chains, the systemic and multi - the technologies and their high development costs, and the cross sectoral nature of the problems to . The EU must ensure that all industrial players, and society at large, can benefit from be addressed advanced and clean technologies and digitalisation. Developing technologies alone will not suffice. A s ocietal understanding of these technologies and evolutions is cr ucial for engaging end users and behavioural change. oriented infrastructures, including pilot lines, will help EU businesses, and in particular - Industrially SMEs, deploy these technologies and improve their innovation performance and may be facilitated lso by other EU programmes. a is essential for and civil society A strong engagement of industry setting priorities and developing research and innovation agendas, increasing the leverage of public funding through private and better uptake of results. Societal understanding and ensuring the public investments, and are key , including consideration of the design of products, goods and services, acceptance relevant skills and standardisation. - ingredients for success, as well as a new agenda for industry Bringing together activities on digital, key enabling and space technologies, as well as a sustainable supply of raw materials, will allow for a more systemic approach, and a faster and more profound hat research and innovation in these areas feed digital and industrial transformation. It will ensure t into, and contribute to the implementation of, the EU’s policies for industry, digitisation, environment, energy and climate, circular economy, raw and advanced materials and space. in particular sured with activities Complementarity will be en under the Digital Europe Programme and the Space Programme, while respecting the delineation between Programmes and avoiding overlaps. DGs) in Activities will contribute directly to the following Sustainable Development Goals (S Decent Work and Economic Growth; SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation and - particular: SDG 8 13 Climate Action. - Responsible Consumption and Production; SDG - Infrastructure; SDG 12 REV 1 82 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

83 Areas of Intervention 4.2. Manufacturing Technologies 4.2.1. ing is a key driver of employment and prosperity in the EU, producing over three Manufactur quarters of the EU's global exports and providing over a 100 million direct and indirect jobs. The l with smarter and key challenge for EU manufacturing is to remain competitive at a global leve more customised products of high added value, produced at much lower energy and material as well as with a reduced carbon and environmental footprint . Creative and cultural resource costs inputs as well as perspectives from social scienc es and humanities on the relation between technology and people in production will be vital to help generate added value. The impact on work life and employment will be studied as well. Broad Lines ological production, additive – Breakthrough manufacturing technologies such as biotechn manufacturing, industrial , collaborative, flexible and intelligent robotics, human integrated manufacturing systems, also promoted via an EU network of industrially - e technological oriented infrastructures , which provide services to accelerat ; transformation and uptake by EU industry Breakthrough innovations using different enabling technologies across the value chain. – data digital twin, Examples are converging technologies, artificial intelligence, , collaborative and industrial , ogies, sensor technologies analytics, control technol robotics, intelligent , advanced centered systems, - human biotechnological production batteries and hydrogen, including renewable based hydrogen, and fuel cell technologies, technologies ; advanced plasma and laser Skills, workspaces and businesses fully adapted to the new technologies, in line with – European social values; 83 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

84 low - and climate waste, sustainable - pollution and - , defect – Flexible, high - precision, zero - neutral and energy h the circular economy approach, smart, cognitive plants, in line wit manufacturing systems meeting customer needs; efficient – Breakthrough innovations in techniques for exploring construction sites, for full - site assembly and prefabricated components. automation for on Key Digital Technologies 2.2. 4. Maintaining and autonomously developing strong design and production capacities in essential - digital technologies such as micro microsystems, photonics, software and electronics, - and nano cyber tegration as well as advanced materials for these applications - physical systems, and their in centered and social EU. - will be essential for a competitive citizen Broad Lines - – design and processing concepts, components , including electronics - nano and Micro and manufacturing equipment responding to the specific requirements of digital performance functionality, energy and transformation and global challenges, in terms of material consumption and integration; sensing integration with – cient and secure and actuating technologies and their co - Effi the Internet of Things, including industry and computational units as the enabler of friendly - innovative solutions on flexible and conformable materials for human objects; interacting – electronics, such as integrated Technologies as complements or alternatives to nano - quantum computing, transmission and sensing as well as neuromorphic computing components and spintronics; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 84 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

85 powe r processors for a wide range of - Computing architectures and accelerators, low – neuromorphic computing powering artificial intelligence applications including applications, edge computing, digitisation of industry, big data and cloud computing, smart energy and connected and automated mobility; Computing hardware designs delivering strong guarantees of trusted execution, with – quantum in privacy and security protection measures for input/output data, - built as well as processing instructions and adequate human machine interfaces; computing ics technologies enabling applications with breakthrough advances in – Photon and performance; functionality , integration – engineering technologies to support flexible, evolvable and fully and control System ing with the physical world autonomous systems for trustworthy applications interact and humans, including in industrial and safety critical domains; – Software technologies enhancing software quality, cybersecurity and reliability with built improved service life, increasing development productivity, and introducing in - and their architecture ; artificial intelligence and resilience in software – Emerging technologies expanding digital technologies. Emerging enabling technologies 4.2.3 Key Enabling Technologies have demonstrated their potential to stimulate innova tion in and 17 across many sectors . To facilitate the development of new enabling technologies and feed the innovation pipeline, transformative research themes must be identified and supported from an early exploratory stage to demonstrations in pilot applic ations. Furthermore, emerging, often interdisciplinary, communities need to be assisted to reach the critical mass enabling them to systematically develop and mature promising technologies. The goal is to bring emerging enabling aturity that allow inclusion into industrial technologies to levels of m research and innovation roadmaps. 17 - Level Strategy Group on finding industry - defining innovation" Report of the High - "Re Industrial Technologies, Brussels April 2018. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 85 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

86 Broad lines ‒ support for future and emerging trends in key enabling technologies; approach from the - support for emerging communities involving a human centered ‒ outset; the disruptive potential of new emerging industrial technologies, and their ‒ assessing impact on people, industry, society and the environment, building interfaces with industrial roadmaps; ‒ broaden the industrial basis for adopting technologies and innovation with b reakthrough potential, including development of human resources and in the global context. 4.2.4. Advanced Materials The EU is a global leader in advanced materials and associated processes, which make up 20% of its industry base and form the root of nearl y all value chains through the transformation of raw materials. To remain competitive and meet citizens’ needs for sustainable, safe and advanced based ones and resource - materials, the EU must invest in research for novel materials, including bio innovative building materials, and must improve the durability and recyclability of efficient materials, - sectoral industrial reduce the carbon and environmental footprint, and drive cross e, advanced materials innovation by supporting new applications in all industry sectors. Furthermor have a tremendous impact regarding citizens’ needs. Broad Lines - dimensional, smart and multi - , two materials , nano - Materials (including polymers, bio – - (including lignocelluloses), composites, metals and alloys and advanced material s (e.g. ) quantum, responsive, photonic and superconducting materials) designed with new properties and functionalisation and meeting regulatory requirements (while not leading cycle, from producti on to whole life - to increased environmental pressures during their life); - of - use or end REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 86 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

87 oriented and ethical - Integrated materials processes and production following a customer – approach, including pre - normative activities and life - cycle assessment, sourcing and management of raw materials, durability, reusability and recyclability, safety, risk assessment for human health and environment and risk management; – materials enablers like characterisation (e.g. for quality assurance), modelling Advanced , piloting and upscaling; and simulation 18 , networked and accessible tem of technology infrastructures An EU innovation ecosys – to all relevant stakeholders identified and prioritised in agreement with Member States, , which provide services to accelerate technological transformation and uptake by EU industry, notably by S MEs; this will cover all key technologies necessary to enable innovations in the field of materials; – Solutions based on advanced materials for cultural heritage, design, architecture and general creativity, with a strong user orientation, for adding valu e to industrial sectors and the creative industries. 18 rily for the These are public or private facilities that provide resources and services prima European industry to test, validate and demonstrate key enabling technologies and products. Such infrastructures may be single sited, virtual or distributed, and must be registered in a me. Member State or a third country associated to the Program REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 87 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

88 Artificial Intelligence and Robotics 4.2.5. and connected Making any object and device intelligent is one of the megatrends. Researchers and innovators developing Artificial Intelligence (AI) and offering applications in Robotics and other areas will be key drivers of future economic and productivity growth. Many sectors including building, construction, service industries and farming will use and health, manufacturing , ship - further develop this key enabling technology, in other parts of the Framework Programme. AI developments must be conducted openly across the EU, ensure the safety, the societal and environmental soundness of AI - based applications, consider ethical aspects from the outset, assess the risks and mitigate its potential for malicious use and unintended discrimination such as gender, racial or disability bias. It must also be ensured that - coordinated AI is developed within a well framework which respects the EU's values, ethical principles and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. This Programme will be complemented by activities set out under the Digital Europe Programme . Broad Lines – controlled AI, - human Enabling AI technologies such as explainable AI, ethical AI, machine and unsupervised machine learning and data efficiency and advanced human - machine interactions; machine - otics and complex embodied and autonomous and efficient rob , collaborative Safe, smart – systems; - – - centric AI technologies for AI based solutions; Human Developing and networking the research competences in the area of AI across Europe – the capacity for closed under an open collaborative perspective while also developing ; testing The employment of AI and robotics to support people affected by disability, and – inclusion of marginalised individuals; 88 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

89 Technologies for open AI platforms including software algorithms, data repositories, – stems, robotics and autonomous systems platforms. based sy - agent 4 .2.6. Next Generation Internet The Internet has become a key enabler of the digital transformation of all sectors of our economy and society. The EU needs to take the lead in driving the next generation I nternet towards a human - centric ecosystem in line with our social and ethical values. Investing in technologies and software for the Next Generation Internet will improve EU industrial competitiveness in the global economy. Optimising EU wide take up will require large - scale cooperation across stakeholders. Ethical norms - regulating next generation internet should be also considered. Broad Lines efficient smart network and service - Technologies and systems for trusted and energy – y beyond 5G, software defined infrastructures, Internet of infrastructures (connectivit next generation optical networks, things, systems of systems, cloud infrastructures, and quantum internet, integration of Satellite cognitive clouds quantum, abilities, virtualisation and decentralised time cap - ), enabling real Communications management (ultrafast and flexible radio, edge computing, shared contexts and knowledge) to ensure scalable, efficient, reliable and trustworthy network performance suited for massive service deployment; eneration Internet applications and services for consumers, industry and society – Next G building on trust, fairness, interoperability, better user control of data, transparent language access, new multi modal interaction concepts, inclusive and highly personalise d access to objects, information and content, including immersive and as well as business models for trustworthy media, social media and social networking transactions and services over shared infrastructures ; REV 1 89 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

90 – such as buted ledger technologies based middleware, including distri - Software , working in highly distributed environments, facilitating data mapping and blockchains data transfer across hybrid infrastructures with inherent data protection, embedding artificial intelligence, data analytics, security and control in Internet applications and services predicated on the free flow of data and knowledge; 4 Advanced Computing and Big Data .2.7. High Performance Computing and Big Data have become indispensable in the new global data te is to out - - compete. High Performance Computing and Big Data economy, where to out compu analytics shall be encouraged throughout the EU and are critical to support policy making, scientific while leadership, innovation and industrial competitiveness, and to maintain national sovereignty respecting ethical issues. These activities will be complemented by activities under the Digital Europe Programme. Broad Lines High Performance Computing (HPC): next generation of key exascale and post – - exascale wer microprocessors, software, system technologies and systems (e.g. low - po integration); algorithms, codes and applications, and analytic tools and test - beds; beds and services; supporting research and innovation for and industrial pilot test - - preferably participation by all the Member States a world class HPC infrastructure, including the first hybrid HPC/Quantum computing infrastructures and for shared services in the EU; performance data analytics; "Privacy by design" in the analysis of – - Big Data: Extreme scale data platforms for re personal and confidential Big Data; - - technologies for full use of industrial, personal and open data; data management, interoperability and linking tools; data applications for global challenges; methods for data science; – s, covering hardware, Reduced carbon footprint of ICT processe architecture, software, sensors, networks, storage and data centres, and communication protocols, including standardised assessments. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 90 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

91 Circular Industries .2.8. 4 Europe is at the forefront of the global transition towards a circula r economy. Europe's industry should become a circular industry: the value of resources, materials and products should be maintained much longer compared to today, even opening up new value chains. Engagement of citizens is crucial. Primary raw materials wi ll continue to play an important role in the circular economy and attention must be paid to their sustainable sourcing, usage and production. Safe and sustainable materials aterials, products based m - cycles shall be ensured. In addition, entirely new materials, including bio and processes should be designed for circularity. Building a circular industry will have several advantages for Europe: It will lead to a secure, sustainable and affordable supply of raw materials, which will in turn protect the industry against scarcity of resources and price volatility. It will also create new business opportunities and innovative, more resource and energy efficient ways of Research and development focused on developing less hazardous substances will be production. enco uraged and stimulated. The objective is to develop affordable breakthrough innovations and deploy a combination of advanced technologies and processes so as to extract maximum value from all resources. Broad Lines Industrial symbiosis with resource flows – between plants across sectors and urban use and store communities; processes and materials, to transport, transform, re - - products, waste, waste resources, combining the valorisation of by water and CO2; - cycle assessment of materials - Valorisation and life – and product streams with use of new alternative feedstocks, resource control, material tracking and sorting (including validated testing methods and tools for risk assessment for human health and environment); REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 91 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

92 - siness models for enhanced life designed products, services and new bu - Eco – cycle and , reuse performance, durability, upgradeability and ease of repair, dismantling recycling; Effective recycling industry, maximising potential and safety of secondary materials and minimising pollution (non toxic ma terial cycles), quality downgrading, and quantity dropouts after treatment; or, if no alternative, safe handling of substances of concern in the Elimination – - efficient - life phases; safe substitutes, and safe and cost of - production and end ologies; production techn Sustainable supply and substitution of raw materials, including critical raw materials, – covering the whole value chain. Carbon and Clean Industries - Low .2.9. 4 - steel, contribute intensive industries, such as millions of jobs Industrial sectors, including energy and their competitiveness is key for the prosperity of our societies. However, they account for 20% of the global greenhouse gas emissions and have a high environmental impact (particularly in terms of air, water and soil pollutants). kthrough technologies to achieve significant reductions in greenhouse gases and pollutants and Brea EU’s energy demand, often combined with the technologies for circular industry above, will lead to pacities and improve the global strong industrial value chains, revolutionise manufacturing ca competitiveness of industry; and at the same time make key contributions to our targets for climate action and environmental quality. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 92 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

93 Broad Lines - , automation Process technologies, including heating and cooling, digital tools – and large scale demonstrations for process performance and resource and energy efficiency; substantial reductions or avoidance of industrial emissions of greenhouse gases and pollutants, including particulate matter; dustry and other sectors; – CO2 valorisation from in – Conversion technologies for the sustainable utilization of carbon sources to increase resource efficiency and reduce emissions, including hybrid energy systems for the industry and energy sector with a decarbonisation potential; Electrification and use of unconventional energy sources within industrial plants, and – energy and resource exchanges between industrial plants (for instance via industrial symbiosis); – ion processes Industrial products that require low or zero carbon emissions product through the life cycle. 4 .2.10. Space, including Earth Observation EU space systems and services reduce costs and improve efficiency, offer solutions to societal challenges, increase societal resilience, help monitoring and fighting climate change and foster a competitive and sustainable economy. EU support has been instrumental in helping to realise these benefits and impacts. Research and innovation activities should also support the evolution of the at the forefront. Union Space Programme which must remain 93 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

94 The EU will support synergies between space and key enabling technologies (advanced manufacturing, Internet of Things, big data , photonics, quantum technologies, robotics and artificial entrepreneuria and competitive upstream and downstream space intelligence); foster a thriving and l sector, including industry and SMEs; boost application of space technologies, data and services in dependence in accessing and using space in a other sectors and help secure technological non - and secure manner; and will promote capacity building measures. Activities will be safe strategic, generally roadmap - based, taking account of the ESA harmonisation process and relevant Member States initiatives, and will be implemented with ESA and the EU Agency for the Space Programme, in accordance with the Regulation establishing the Space Programme for the European Union. However, the space part will also support bottom up calls to allow the emergence of future space technologies. There is a need for a wider deployme nt, exploitation and update of new technologies and continued research and innovation to address gaps in Earth Observation (EO) on land and sea and in the atmosphere (e.g. healthy oceans and seas, ecosystem protection), benefiting from Copernicus and relevant European programmes as essential sources and coordinating through the Global Earth other Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) and its European component EuroGEOSS. Broad Lines – European Global Navigation Satellite Systems (Galileo and EGNOS): innovat ive applications, global uptake including international partners, solutions improving robustness, authentication, integrity of services, development of fundamental elements such as chipsets, receivers and antennas, sustainability of supply chains, at cost - effective and affordable conditions, new technologies (e.g. quantum technologies, optical links, reprogrammable payloads), towards sustained exploitation of services for impact on societal challenges. Next generation systems development for new challenges such as security or autonomous driving; 94 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

95 European Earth Observation system (Copernicus): leveraging the full, free and open – data policy, develop innovative applications, European and global uptake, including s, non - space actors and international partnership research needed to maintain, improve and expand core services and research for space data assimilation and exploitation, robustness and evolution of services, sustainability of supply chains, sensors, systems and mission concepts (e.g. High Altitude Pla tforms, drones, light satellites); calibration and validation; sustained exploitation of services and impact on societal challenges; Earth observation data processing techniques, including big data, computing resources and algorithmic tools. Next generatio n systems development for challenges, such as climate change, polar and security; extension of the Copernicus product and service ; portfolio Space Situational Awareness: developments to support robust EU capacity to monitor – and forecast the state of the space environment e.g. space weather, including radiation d an sensors technologies hazards, space debris and near Earth objects. Developments of new service concepts, such as space traffic management, applications and services to secure critical infrastructure in space and on Earth; – Secure Satellite Communications for EU governmental actors: solutions supporting the EU’s autonomy for government al users including associated user equipment and architectural, technological and system solutions for space and ground infrastructure; - effective, Satellite Communications for citizens and businesses: integration of cost – advanced satellite communications in the terrestrial networks to connect assets and enabled ubiquitous connectivity, Internet of - people in underserved areas, as part of 5G Things (IoT), and contributing to the Next Generation Internet (NGI) infrastructure. user equipment, standardisation and interoperability, Enhancing the ground segment and and preparation of quantum key communication by satellite to ensure EU industrial leadership; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 95 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

96 dependence and sustainability of the supply chain: increased technology readiness - Non – tes and launchers; associated space and ground segments, and production levels in satelli and testing facilities in complementarity with ESA. To secure EU technological effective and - leadership and autonomy, improved supply chain sustainability at cost affordable conditions , reduced dependence on non - EU critical space technologies and improved knowledge of how space technologies can offer solutions to other industrial sectors and vice - versa; orbit validation and demonstration services, including rideshar - Space systems: in – e services for light satellites; space demonstrators in areas such as hybrid, smart or reconfigurable satellites, in orbit servicing, manufacturing and assembly, energy supply - using diversified sources; new industrial processes and production tools; ground innovations, and technology transfer, in areas such as recycling, systems; breakthrough green space, sustainable and peaceful use of space resources, artificial intelligence, robotics, digitisation, cost efficiency, miniaturisation; - vative technologies for increasing the technical compatibility and Access to space: inno ‒ economic efficiency of European space launch systems, with regard to the launch of European Union satellites: low cost production processes, launcher reusability technologies and concepts f or cost reduction; concepts for future launcher ground segments and adaptations of existing ground infrastructures (e.g. digitalisation, advanced data management); innovative space transportation services/concepts, including launch systems dedicated to lig ht satellites (e.g. micro launchers), in complementarity with ESA. – Space science: exploitation of scientific data delivered by scientific and exploration missions, combined with the development of innovative instruments in an international and interdisciplinary environment; contribution to precursor scientific missions for the evolution of the Space Programme. REV 1 96 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

97 'CLIMATE, MOBILITY' AND ENERGY CLUSTER . 5 5 .1. Rationale ntersection of research and innovation on climate, energy and mobility will address in a highly The i integrated and effective way, one of the most important global challenges for the sustainability and and way of life. future of our environment , economy To mee t the objectives of the Paris Agreement the EU will need to transition to climate neutral, profound changes in resource entail efficient and resilient economies and societies. This will - , products and services, to the ways in which bus , processes technology inesses and consumers behave. The transformation of the energy market will take place through interaction of technology, infrastructure, the market as well as policy and regulatory frameworks, including new forms of . Pursuing efforts to limit th e temperature increase to 1.5°C, requires rapid progress in governance New impetus is decarbonising the energy, transport, buildings, industrial and agriculture sectors. generation breakthroughs as well as demonstratin - to accelerate the pace of developing next needed g - efficient innovative technologies and solutions, using also the opportunities and deploying cost provided by digital , bio and space technologies , as well as key enabling technologies and advanced oach encompassing decarbonisation, materials. This will be pursued through an integrated appr reduction of air pollution, access to resource efficiency, improved recovery, reuse and recycling , raw materials and circular economy in Horizon Europe. Progress in these sectors - but also across the spectrum of EU indus try including energy infrastructures, transport, agriculture and forestry, tourism, buildings, industrial processes and 19 will require continued efforts to better understand and recycling - product use, waste management and dynamics the mechanisms e change and the associated impacts across the economy of climat and society, exploiting synergies with regional and national activities, other EU types of actions and international cooperation, including through Mission Innovation. 19 Substantial r eduction of greenhouse gas emissions in other sectors is addressed in other Parts of Pillar II and Horizon Europe in general REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 97 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

98 ble advances have been made in climate science, in particular in Over the past decades, considera observations and data assimilation and climate modelling. However, the complexity of the climate - system and the need to support implementation of the Paris Agreement, the Sustainable Developm ent Goals and EU policies necessitate a reinforced effort to fill the remaining knowledge , further enhance spatial and temporal granularity of climate science while ensuring adequate gaps . interaction with citizens and other stakeholders The EU has established a comprehensive policy framework in the Energy Union strategy, with binding targets, legislative acts and research and innovation activities aiming to lead in developing 20 . lternative energy and deploying efficient energy production systems based on renewable and a Transport, including vehicles, ensures the mobility of people and goods necessary for an integrated European single market, territorial cohesion and an open and inclusive society. At the same time, s on human health, congestion, land, water, climate, air quality transport can have significant effect economic - and noise, as well as safety resulting in numerous premature deaths and increased socio costs. Demand for goods and mobility will continue to grow. Therefore, innovation will have to bridge growing demand with cleaner and more efficient mobility and transport systems that need to and affordable, offering a seamless , inclusive be also safe, smart, secure, silent, reliable, accessible door service to all. - to - integrated door s are major drivers of Europe’s economic competitiveness and growth. Transport is a Both sector fundamental sector for and of the economy with the EU being a world leader in vehicle, rail, aircraft around 1.2 million private and vessel design and manufacturing. It embraces a complex network of and public companies in the EU, employing around 10.5 million people. The sector is also important for the EU's international trade: in 2016, 17.2% of the EU's total exports of services were he EU has upwards of 2 million people working in the field of transport related. At the same time, t renewables and energy efficiency, while patenting of innovative clean energy technologies, places the EU in second place worldwide. 20 the term "alternative energy" does not include energy produced from nuclear energy sources. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 98 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

99 The issues faced by the energy and transport sectors go there fore beyond the need for emission reduction. Effective solutions are needed to respond to changes in user behaviour and mobility patterns, globalisation, increasing international competition and an older, more urban and - the same time, the increasing penetration of digital and space increasingly diverse, population. At based technologies, automated vehicles, Artificial Intelligence, robotics, new market entrants, disruptive business models and the need for increased system resilience against multifaceted ards (including cyber threats) bring substantive transformation and create challenges and haz opportunities for the competitiveness of the European transport and energy sectors. Cities' ability to function will become dependent on technology and the liveabilit y of cities will evolve around mobility, energy and resource efficiency, spatial planning and competition in space use. Developments will also be posing a challenge to the sustainability of existing social models and social participation, aspects of inclus ion and accessibility as well as affordability. deployment Finding new ways to accelerate the based and energy efficient - renewable energy of gas and hydrogen) and other - technologies (including through intermediate carriers such as power - to ca non - solutions for the decarbonisation of the European economy requires also l technologi increased demand for innovation. This can be stimulated through the empowerment of citizens, - as well as socio public procurement greening of will economic and public sector innovation and driven innovation. Socio - lead to approaches broader than technology - economic research covering inter alia user needs and patterns, foresight activities, environmental, regulatory, economic, social, cultural and behavioural aspects, business cases and models and pre normative research for - standard setting and market uptake innovation, will also facilitate actions fostering regulatory, financing and social innovation, skills, as well as engagement and empowerment of market players, consumers and citizen s. A better coordination, complementarity and synergy between national and European research and innovation efforts by promoting information exchange and cooperation e.g. the among EU countries, industries and research institutions will build on the achievements of - SET Plan and the Strategic Transport Research and Innovation Agenda (STRIA). Complementarity between this cluster and the EU ETS Innovation Fund will be ensured. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 99 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

100 Activities under this Cluster contribute in particular to the goals of the Energy U nion, the Paris Agreement commitments as well as to those of the Digital Single Market, the Jobs, Growth and Investment agenda, the strengthening of the EU as a global actor, the new EU Industrial Policy Strategy, the Bioeconomy Strategy, the Circular Econ omy Action Plan, the European Battery Alliance Initiative, the Raw Materials Initiative, the Security Union and the Urban Agenda, as well as the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU as well as EU legal provisions to reduce noise and air pollution. es will contribute directly to the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Activiti Affordable and Clean Energy; SDG 9 - SDG 7 Clean water and sanitation; - particular: SDG 6 - – nities; SDG 12 - Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Commu Climate Action. - Responsible consumption and production; SDG 13 5 Areas of Intervention .2. 5 Climate Science and Solutions .2.1. Effective implementation of the Paris Agreement has to be based on science, requiring continuously earth system, as well as the mitigation and adaptations - of our knowledge on the climate improving - climate options available, allowing for a systemic and comprehensive picture of challenges and based opportunities for the EU's economy and society. On this basis solutions , science - responsible - resilient and resource - effective transition to a climate neutral, climate - for a cost efficient society economic and governance aspects. - will be developed, considering behavioural, regulatory, socio REV 1 100 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

101 Broad Lines and climate - Knowledge base on the current functioning and future evolution of the earth – system, as well as associated impacts, risks, and living - responsible climate opportunities; effectiveness of different climate mitigation and adaptation solutions; tegrated climate neutral pathways, mitigation actions and policies covering all sectors In – of the economy, compatible with Earth system analyses, the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals; – Climate models, projections and techn iques aiming to improve predictive capacity and climate services for businesses, public authorities and citizens, including cross cutting - aspects with air quality improvement; – Adaptation pathways and support policies for vulnerable ecosystems, urban area s, critical economic sectors and infrastructure in the EU (local/regional/national), including improved risk assessment tools ; water cycle and adaptation to climate change, such as flooding and water scarcity REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 101 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

102 Energy Supply .2.2. 5 The EU aims to be world leader in affordable, secure and sustainable energy technologies improving its competitiveness in global value chains and its position in growth markets. Diverse eed climatic, geographical, environmental and socio - economic conditions in the EU as well as the n to ensure climate resilience, energy security and access to raw materials, dictate a broad portfolio of technical nature. As regards renewable energy technologies, energy solutions, including of non - costs need to decrease further, performance must impr ove, integration into the energy system must be improved, breakthrough technologies need to be developed, benefiting also from advances in photonics, and hybrid solutions (e.g. for desalination) should be explored. As regards fossil fuels, decarbonising th eir usage is essential to meet the climate objectives. Broad Lines – Renewable energy and energy conservation technologies and solutions for power generation, heating and cooling, sustainable transport fuels and intermediate carriers, at d development stages, adapted to geographic and socio economic - various scales an conditions and markets, both within the EU and worldwide; both existing and – Disruptive renewable energy technologies for new applications and nmental, economic and social impact; breakthrough solutions including their enviro for - Technologies and solutions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel – based - energy based approaches producing power, heating, - - to as well as from bio and waste - cooling or biofuels including via carbon capture , utilisation and storage (CCUS) and - studies of socio economic and ecological feasibility. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 102 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

103 Energy Systems and Grids .2.3. 5 The expected growth of variable electricity production and shift towards more electric need for new approaches to manage energy grids. heating, cooling and transport dictates the Next to decarbonisation, the goal is to ensure energy affordability, security, climate resilience, and stability of supply, achieved through investments in innovative network infrastructure eased flexibility of dispatchable power generation, notably from renewable technologies, incr sources and innovative system management as well as by facilitating actions fostering regulatory and social innovation, skills, and engaging and empowering market players, consumers and communities. Energy storage in different forms will play a key role in providing services to the grid, also improving and reinforcing network capacities and system flexibility. Exploiting synergies between different networks (e.g. electricity grids, h eating and cooling networks, gas networks, transport recharging and refuelling infrastructure, hydrogen, including its infrastructure, and telecom networks) and actors (e.g. industrial sites, network producers, consumers, rene wable energy communities) as well as - operators, data centres, self response and developing and integrating European and international standards will be - demand crucial for enabling the smart, integrated operation of the relevant infrastructures. Broad Lines – , storage solutions and new networks to integrate renewables Technologies and tools for as well as the electrification of industrial mobility and heat pumps - loads such as electro ; processes Multidiscip l - inary approaches to regionally dependent climate change related impact to o energ y security, including adaptation of existing te c hn logies, as well as transition into the new energy supply paradigms; – European energy network approaches to reliable energy supply, transmission and - Pan distribution; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 103 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

104 Integrated approaches to match renewable energy production and consumption at local – level including on islands or remote regions, based on new services and community initiatives; ‒ e different Generation and network flexibility, interoperability and synergies between th energy sources, networks, infrastructures and actors, also exploiting specific technologies; ‒ Technologies , services and solutions empowering consumer to be an active market player. 5 Buildings and Industrial Facilities in Energy Transition .2.4. Buildings and industry installations play an increasingly active role in their interaction with the - energy system. Therefore, they are crucial elements in the transition to a carbon neutral society based on and increased energy efficiency . renewable energy Buildings are an important factor for quality of life of citizens. Integrating different technologies, appliances and systems and linking various energy uses, buildings as well as their inhabitants and ange mitigation, energy energy generation, climate ch users represent a very high potential for savings, storage, system flexibility and efficiency improvements. Industries, and especially those that are energy - intensive, could further improve energy efficiency, Industrial integration of renewable energy sources. reduce their energy consumption and favour the facilities’ role in the energy system is changing, due to the need to reduce emissions, based on direct or indirect electrification, also a source of materials for production processes (e.g. hydrogen). ndustrial and manufacturing complexes where many different processes take place near to each I other can optimise the exchange of flows of energy and other resources (raw materials) between them. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 104 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

105 Broad Lines – Improve sector coupling : Processes, systems an d business models supporting flexibility efficiency of e and lectricity and heat flows between an industrial plant or industrial clusters and the energy as well as transport system; Tools and infrastructure for process control of production plants to optimise energy ‒ flows and materials in interaction with the energy system; - – Relevant and zero processes, design and materials, including low - emission industrial processes; – ity and efficiency of electricity, feedstock and heat in industrial plants and the Flexibil energy system; Improved or new processes, design and materials to efficiently use, produce or store ‒ Industry and energy (including heat and cold) in sectors not covered by the “Digital, Space” cluster; intensive and carbon - Strategies and low emission technologies for revitalising coal ‒ - areas in transition; Smart buildings and large mobility hubs (ports, airports, logistic centres) as active – rks and of innovative mobility solutions; elements of wider energy netwo – cycle design, construction, operation, including heating and cooling, and - Buildings life , energy dismantling, taking into account circularity and environmental performance, as being - for well , for energy and resource efficiency, well as indoor environmental quality climate resilience, and health impact on the inhabitants, carbon footprint and recycling; development and optimization of novel advanced materials to increase the energy, carbon and environmental perform ances of buildings over the life cycle; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 105 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

106 New business models, approaches and services for renovation financing, enhancement – of construction skills, engagement of buildings occupants and other market actors, addressing energy poverty and vities; prenormative acti Energy performance of buildings monitoring and control technologies for optimising – energy consumption and production of building as well as their interaction with the overall energy system; Tools and smart appliances for energy efficiency gains in buildings ; – – and Renovation processes of existing buildings towards 'Nearly Zero Energy Buildings' innovative technologies, including social aspects, e.g. citizen empowerment, and consumer awareness and engagement. Communities and Cities .2.5. 5 stimated that by It is e 2050, more than 80% of the EU's population will live in urban areas, consuming the lion's share of available resources, including energy, and being areas particularly vulnerable to the adverse meteorological change impacts worsen by climat e change and natural disasters already now and increasingly in the future. A key challenge is to significantly increase the communities and resilience of Europe's - overall energy and resource efficiency as well as climate holistic approach, targeting the building stock, energy systems, mobility, systematic and cities in a migration, climate change, as well as water, soil, air quality, waste and noise, taking into account manities and arts social sciences, hu sustainable tourism management, Europe's cultural heritage, - lifestyle aspects, including funded urban policy and actions should be . Synergies with ERDF investigated and exploited. REV 1 106 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

107 Broad Lines wide deployment of carbon - City/district energy/mobility systems towards the EU – neutral, Positive Energ emission mobility and logistics by 2050, - y Districts and zero boosting the global competitiveness of integrated EU solutions; Systemic – urban planning, infrastructures systems and services including mutual interfaces and interoperability, s , nature - based solutions and the use of tandardisation digital technologies and space based services and data, taking into account the effects of projected climate change and integrate climate resilience and the influence on air and water quality; flexible, accessible and affordable energy and e citizens, safe, Quality of life for th – mobility, urban social innovation and citizen engagement, cities' circular multi l a mod - urban metabolism and reduced environmental footprint and and regenerative capacity, pollution; cities research agenda – ; mitigation, adaptation and resilience strategy Global development, spatial planning and other relevant planning processes . Industrial Competitiveness in Transport 5.2.6. The shift towards clean technologies, connectivity and automation w ill depend on the timely design and manufacture of aircraft, vehicles, and vessels developing new breakthrough technologies and concepts, integrating different technologies and accelerating their introduction cy, affordability, while minimising lifecycle and marketability. Increasing comfort, efficien impact on the environment, human health and on energy use remain objectives of paramount importance. Innovative, highly capable transport infrastructure is essential for the proper functioning of all transport modes in view of increased mobility demand and rapidly changing technology regimes. An integrated approach to infrastructure and vehicle/vessel/aircraft development deserves particular attention also in order to provide high quality mobility o minimise energy environmental, economic and social impact. services and t REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 107 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

108 Broad Lines – Merging of physical and digital vehicle/vessel/aircraft design, development and demonstration, manufacturing, operations, standardisation, certification and regulations and integr ation (including integration between digital design and digital manufacturing); – Vehicle/vessel/aircraft concepts and designs, including their spare parts and software and technology updates, software solutions; using improved materials and structures, cycling/reusing materials; efficiency, energy storage and recovery, safety and security re features considering users’ needs, with less impact on climate, environment and health, including noise and air quality; – ing automated functions, for all modes of systems, includ - board technologies and sub - On transport taking account of relevant infrastructure interface needs and exploring; - technological synergies between modes; multi modal transport systems; safety/accidence avoidance systems and enhancing cybersecurit y; leveraging progress in information - machine interface; technologies, and in artificial intelligence; developing the human – New materials, techniques and methods of construction, operations and maintenance of vailability, intermodal interfaces and infrastructures, ensuring reliable network a - cycle approach; multimodal interoperability, workforce safety, and full life – Addressing issues of merging physical and digital infrastructure design and development, ading transport integration, infrastructure maintenance, regeneration and upgr interoperability and intermodality, resilience to extreme weather events, including adaptation to climate change. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 108 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

109 Clean, Safe and Accessible Transport and Mobility 5.2.7. For the EU to reach its air quality, climate, and energy goals, including reaching net - zero emissions by 2050 as well as noise reduction, will require rethinking the whole mobility system including res as well as new mobility solutions. It users’ needs and behaviours, vehicles, fuels, infrastructu - - emission alternative energies and market uptake of zero will also require the deployment of low emission vehicles/vessels/aircrafts. In addition to the effects of greenhouse gas emissions, transport contributes sig nificantly to poor air quality and noise in Europe with negative consequences for the health of citizens and ecosystems. Building on progress with electrification and the use of batteries by adequate standards, it is and fuel cells for cars, buses and light duty vehicles, accompanied - essential to accelerate research and innovation low emission solutions for other road applications (long distance coaches, heavy freight vehicles and lorries) and other transport sectors such as aviation, rail, maritime and inl and navigation. Transport safety research aims at reducing accident rates, fatalities and casualties in each mode and in the whole transport system by furthering knowledge and awareness and by developing technologies, products services and solutions that r friendliness and climate change. - econcile safety, efficiency, user Broad Lines – Electrification of all transport modes including new battery, fuel cell and hybrid technologies for vehicle/vessel/aircraft powertrains and auxiliary systems, fast charging/ refuelling, energy harvesting and user friendly and easily accessible interfaces with - the charging/refuelling infrastructure, ensuring interoperability and seamless services performing and provision; development and deployment of competitive, safe, high - stainable batteries for low and zero emission vehicles considering all the conditions of su - using and during the different phases of its life cycle; development and deployment of em - - competitive, safe, high ission performing and sustainable batteries for low and zero vehicles; 109 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

110 fuels and new, safe and - Use of new and alternative sustainable fuels, including advanced bio – smart vehicles/vessels/aircraft for existing and future mobility patterns and supporting infrastructure with reduced impact on the environment and public health; niche components g . . and systems for environmentally friendly solutions (e advanced data gathering systems, . ) technologies and user - based solutions for interoperability and seamless services etc provision; Safe, accessible, inclusive a – nd affordable mobility, reducing the harmful whilst enhancing the positive impact of mobility on social cohesion, the environment and human health, including shift to less polluting modes of transport and sharing schemes; Quality of life for the citizens, urban social innovation; the interest to reduce or to eliminate accidents and injuries in road transport . ‒ Climate resilient mobility systems, including infrastructures and logistics, to assure better connectivity for persons and goods, both on short and long haul distances; . ‒ Systemic analysis of new mobility patterns and their impact on transport and citizens 5.2.8. Smart Mobility door mobility and all to Smart mobility will help ensure the efficiency, safety and resilience of door - - its components, in particular by using digital technologies, advanced satellite navigation intelligence. New technologies will help to optimise the use and (EGNOS/Galileo), and artificial modality and connectivity and - efficiency of transport infrastructure and networks, improving multi creating more efficient freight transport and logistic supply chain that will strengthen EU competitiveness. New technologies will also contribute to increasing reliability, optimising traffic management and enable innovative transport solutions and services, thus reducing congestion and negative environmental impacts, providing better mobility and logistics services for citizens and businesses improving accessibility and social inclusion. Connected and automated mobility together with the enabling infrastructure will improve efficiency and safety in all transport modes. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 110 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

111 Broad Lines Digital n – - etwork and traffic management: advanced decision support systems; next - modal network and traffic management); generation traffic management (including multi contributing to seamless, multimodal and interconnected mobility for passengers and freight; use an d limitations of big data; use of innovative satellite positioning/navigation (EGNOS/Galileo); – the ground solutions for simultaneously higher - - board and on - Single European Sky: on emission degrees of automation, connectivity, safety, interoperability, performance, reduction and service; – capacity, silent, interoperable, and automated - technologies and operations for a high Rail railway system; ‒ Smart shipping solutions for safer, more efficient waterborne operations; – Large mobility hubs tions, ports, airports, logistic centres) as active elements (e.g. railway sta of innovative mobility solutions; Waterborne technologies and operations for safe and automated transport systems seizing – the opportunities provided by waterborne transport; ative, interoperable and automated mobility systems and services, Connected, cooper – - technological issues, such as changes in user including technological solutions and non behaviour and mobility patterns. 111 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

112 Energy Storage .2.6. 5 Massive, smart, concentrated and decentralised storage solutions (comprising chemical, electrochemical, electrical, mechanical and thermal and new disruptive technologies) for the energy system will increase efficiency, flexibility, technology independence and accessibility as well as the supply. Low - security of emission, decarbonised transport will require a growing share of electrical and/or other alternatively fuelled vehicles, with better performing and cheaper, lighter, highly - well as local provision of recyclable and reusable batteries with a low environmental impact , as alternative/renewable fuels such as hydrogen , including renewable based hydrogen , and innovative site storage. Options for the sustainable and cost efficient large scale energy storage - solutions for on solutions are essential to optimize and balance the energy system in all sectors of production, user applications. Attention should be paid to the risks of energy storage - infrastructure up to end and other unwanted side effects. Broad Lines – Technologies including liquid and gaseous renewable fuels and their associated value chains, as well as disruptive technologies, for daily to seasonal energy storage needs, including their impacts on the environment and climate; Smart, sustainable and durable batteries and the EU value c – hain, including the use of efficient large - - scale battery cell production advanced material solutions, design, energy as well as efficient operation at low technologies, reuse and recycling methods temperatures and standardisation needs; – icular low carbon and hydrogen, including fuel cells, Hydrogen, in part renewable based and the EU value chain from the design to end use across various applications. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 112 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

113 6 NATURAL RESOURCES, AGRICULTURE AND CLUSTER ' FOOD, . BIOECONOMY, ENVIRONMENT ' 6 Rationale .1. Human activ ities are exerting increasing pressure on soils, seas and oceans, water, air, biodiversity and other natural resources. Nourishing the planet's growing human population is directly dependent on the health of natural systems and resources. Beyond its intrin sic value, a functioning and prosperous ecosystem is the very basis for all resources utilisation. However, combined with climate change, humankind's growing demand for natural resources creates environmental pressures , affecting ecosystems and their capacity to provide services for that go far beyond sustainable levels 21 human well - being. The concepts of the circular economy, the sustainable and the bioeconomy 22 provide an opportunity to balance environmental, social and economic goals and to blue economy se t human activities on a path to sustainability. 21 covers all sectors and systems that rely on biological resources (animals, The bioeconomy plants, micro - organisms and derived biomass, including organic waste) , their functions and principles. It includes and interlinks: land and marine ecosystems and the services they provide; all primary production sectors that use and produce biological resources (agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture); and all economic and industrial sectors that use biological resources and processes to produce food, feed, bio based produ cts, energy and - services. Biomedicines and health biotechnology are excluded. 22 ‘Sustainable blue economy’ means all sectoral and cross - sectoral economic activities throughout the single market related to oceans, seas, coasts and inland waters, covering th e - Union's outermost regions and landlocked countries, including emerging sectors and non market goods and services and being consistent with Union environmental legislation.' REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 113 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

114 Meeting the goals of sustainable development, guaranteeing the production and consumption of safe and healthy food, promoting sustainable practices in agriculture, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry, ensuri ng access to clean water, soil and air for all, cleaning up seas, oceans and inland waters preserving and restoring the planet’s vital natural systems and environment requires that we harness he transition to sustainability and the potential of research and innovation. But the pathways for t lient barriers are hardly understood. Making the transition to sustainable ways to overcome res i consumption and production and restoring planetary health requires investment in research and technologies, new business models, and social, territorial novel, high quality products and services, and environmental innovations. This creates new opportunities for a sustainable, resilient, innovative and responsible European bio economy, boosting resource efficiency , productivity and competitiveness, generating new and green jobs and growth and increasing social inclusion. It is essential for Europe to use its natural resources more efficiently and in a sustainable manner. eliver solutions to: protect, Activities will build a knowledge base and d sustainably manage and use 23 - natural resources from land and sea and enhance the role of terrestrial and aquatic systems as carbon sinks; protect biodiversity, secure ecosystem services and ensure food and nutrition security, providing safe, healthy and nutritious diets; accelerate the transition from a fossil - based linear carbon circular economy, and - economy to a resource efficient, resilient, low emission, low ue economy; and develop supporting the development of a sustainable bio economy and the bl resilient and vibrant rural, mountain, coastal and urban areas. term provision - These activities will help to maintain and enhance biodiversity and secure the long change on and mitigati adaptation and carbon sequestration of ecosystem services, such as climate (both on land and sea). They will help reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) and other emissions, waste and pollution from primary production (both terrestrial and aquatic), the use of hazardous substances, processing, consumption and oth er human activities. They will trigger investments, bioeconomy and blue economy, whilst sustainable supporting the shift towards a circular economy, protecting environmental health and integrity. 23 luster 6. The expression ‘land and sea’ includes ‘inland waters’ throughout the text of C REV 1 114 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

115 Activities will also foster participatory approaches to res - earch and innovation, including the multi actor approach and develop knowledge and innovation systems at local, regional, national and European levels. Social innovation with citizens' engagement and trust in innovation will be crucial ernance, production, consumption patterns and skills. to encourage new gov As these challenges are complex, interlinked and global in nature, activities will follow a systemic approach, cooperating with Member States and international partners, with other funding sources with other policy initiatives. This will involve user - driven exploitation of environmental big and data sources, such as those from Copernicus, EGNOS/Galileo, INSPIRE, EOSC, GEOSS, CEOS, EMODnet. Research and innovation activities under this Cluster contribute in particular to the implementation of the goals of: the Environment Action Programme, the Common Agricultural Policy, the Common Fisheries policy, the Food Law legislation, the Maritime policy, the Circular Economy Action Plan, the EU Bioeconomy Strategy , the Biodiversity Strategy, the 2030 climate and energy 24 framework and the EU 2050 long term vision for carbon neutrality , EU Arctic Policy as well as EU legal provisions to reduce air pollution. Beyond the general sources of external advice, specific con sultations would be sought from Standing Committee on Agricultural Research (SCAR). Activities will contribute directly to the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in SDG 3 Zero Hunger; – particular: SDG 2 ean Water and Cl - 6 G SD Being; - Good Health and Well – – Industry, Innovation, and – 9 Decent Work and Economic Growth; SDG SDG 8 Sanitation; Responsible Consumption - Sustainable Cities and Communities; SDG 12 Infrastructure; SDG 11 – – Water; SDG 15 - Life on Land. – and Production; SDG 13 Life Below Climate Action; SDG 14 24 COM(2018) 773 final: A Clean Planet for all. A European strategic long - term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 115 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

116 .2. 6 Areas of intervention .2.1. Environmental Observation 6 25 - situ - The capacity to observe the environment - , including space based (air, sea, land) based, in underpins research and innovati on for the sustainable use and observation, and citizen observations monitoring of food and natural resources , biomonitoring and environmental monitoring . Improved spatio - temporal coverage and sampling intervals at reduced cost, as well as big data access and provide new ways to monitor, understand and predict the Earth integration from multiple sources system. Research and innovation is needed to develop methods and technologies to improve quality as well as facilitate access and use of data. Broad Lines User driven and systemic approaches including open data, to environmental data and – information for complex modelling and predictive systems, business opportunities from exploitation and valorisation of existing and new data; – Further development environmental observations; of products and services portfolio for and adaptation, mitigation change Biodiversity status, ecosystem protection, climate – - food security, agriculture and forestry, land use and land use change, urban and peri urban development, natural resources management, sea and ocean resources environmental trends, management and conservation, maritime security, long term and other relevant changes in seasonal variability, ambient air and atmospheric changes domains; 25 Environmental Observation accessible e.g. through the Copernicus component of the Union programme and other relevant European programmes, as well as the GEO initiative Space will support research and innovation under other intervention areas within this Global Challenge as well as other relevant parts of Horizon Europe. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 116 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

117 including , to be delivered through the EuroGEOSS initiative, applications User oriented – f European natural management o preservation and their up scaling, to contribute to the (including exploration of raw materials) and ecosystems services and their resources related value chain; Implementation – of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems of the GEO (Group on Earth Observations) initiative. 6 Resources iversity and Natural Biod .2.2. Improved understanding, preservation and management of biodiversity and ecosystems, the multiple services they provide (in a context of combatting climate change and mitigating its impacts) and planetary 'boundaries' as well as solutions harnessing nature’s power and complexity is needed to address societal challenges, to enhance sustainability and to attain the EU objective of th EU Environmental 'Living well within the limits of our planet' by 2050 as laid down in the 7 Actio n Programme. Due account must be taken of potential upstream impacts throughout whole value chains. International cooperation and contribution to international efforts and initiatives, such nd Ecosystem Services Policy Platform on Biodiversity a - as the Intergovernmental Science (IPBES), are essential to achieve the objectives in this area. There is a need to better understand the governance of the transition to sustainability in the economic, social and natural system, from the local to the global level. Broad Lines , freshwater and marine ecosystems, – The state and value of biodiversity, terrestrial - , including agro ecosystems and the microbiome natural capital and ecosystem services ; ecological framework f - Holistic and systemic approaches within a socio – or the links between biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystems services and their causality relationships with drivers of change, across different scales and economic activities, including the socio economic aspects and governance of transition processes to sustainability; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 117 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

118 Modelling of trends and integrated scenarios for biodiversity, ecosystem services and – the potential contribution of good quality of life at different scales and horizons; biotopes and ecosystems as carbon sinks under various climate cha nge scenarios; potential conflicts of interests in utilization of natural resources and services; Ecotoxicology of compounds and new pollutants, their interactions, including – under combination effects, and environmental behaviour, and altered biochemical loops changing climate, restoration of degraded areas; making frameworks and – Mainstreaming biodiversity and ecosystem services in decision - accounting systems of governments and businesses, as well as quantification of benefits; ecological, economic and societal - based solutions, addressing challenges in urban – - functional nature Adaptable and multi - areas related to climate change, and mountain urban areas, rural and coastal and peri social cohesion , natural disasters, biodiversity loss, ecosystem degradation, pollution being; - and citizens’ health and well Multi – - actor living labs approaches engaging authorities, stakeholders, business and civil creating systemic solutions for the preservation, - designing and co - society in co use of natural capital, and the governance of the transition to restoration and sustainable sustainability and sustainable management options in economic activities throughout . in different environmental, economic and social conditions whole value loops REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 118 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

119 y and Rural Areas Agriculture, Forestr .2.3. 6 Resilient and sustainable agriculture and forestry provide economic, environmental and social benefits and is a prerequisite for continued food security. They feed into dynamic value chains, manage land and natural resources as well as de liver a range of vital public goods including carbon and place sequestration, biodiversity preservation, pollination and public health. Integrated - based approaches are needed to promote the multiple functions of agro and forest (eco)systems taking - into ac count the changing context for primary production, notably in relation to climate change and environment, resource availability, demography and consumption patterns. Quality and safety of e. Plant health and animal agricultural products shall be ensured to enhance consumer confidenc health and welfare shall also be ensured. It is also necessary to address the spatial, socio - economic and cultural dimension of agriculture and forestry activities and mobilise the potential of rural and coastal areas. es Broad Lin Methods, technologies and tools for sustainable, resilient and productive agriculture and – forestry, including adaptation to climate change; management and efficient use of natural resources (e.g. soils, water, Sustainable – including genetic resources) in agriculture and forestry; nutrients and biodiversity renewable resources and adoption of circular economy principles, non alternatives to - including through the reuse and recycling of waste and by - products; Climate – and environmental impact of activities in the primary sector; potential of agriculture and forestry as carbon sinks and for mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions including negative emission approaches; increasing adaptability of primary production to climate change; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 119 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

120 of contagious and control plant pests and diseases; Integrated approaches to tackling – zoonotic prevention strategies, control and ; and animal welfare diseases animal diagnostic and alternatives to the use of contentious pesticides, antibiotics and other substances also to tackle resistance; Antimicrobial resistance – and threats from biological and agrochemical hazards, including pes ticides, as well as chemical contaminants tackling the links between plant, - Health and Global - animal , ecosystems and public health from One Health perspectives; The use and delivery of ecosystem services in agriculture and forestry systems applying – levels landscape eco - logical approaches and testing nature based solutions from farm to for an environmentally friendly agriculture; support to organic farming; – Agricultural and forestry systems from farm to landscape levels; the use and delivery of m services in primary production through or ecology - ecosyste , e.g. through agro enhancing the role of forests in the prevention of floods and soil erosion ; Innovations in farming at the interfaces between agriculture, aquaculture, forestry and in – urban - and peri urban areas; New methods, technologies and tools for sustainable forest and sustainable management ‒ use of forest biomass; – Support to EU plant protein production for food, feed and environmental services; Sustainable land use, rural development and – linkages; capitalising on the territorial social, cultural, economic and environmental assets of rural areas for new services, business models, value chains and public goods; as through and rural are Digital innovations in farming, forestry and across value – chains (such as AI, robotics, the use of data and development of infrastructures, technologies precision farming and remote sensing) and governance models; 120 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

121 their interconnection at and knowledge and innovation systems and forestry Agricultural – ous scales; advice, building skills, participatory approaches and information sharing; vari – Fostering international partnerships for sustainable agriculture for food and nutrition security. Sea and s, Inland Waters Oceans 7.2.4. closed European - seas, in particular of semi The natural capital and ecosystem services of offer significant socio seas, oceans, economic and - and wider coastal areas inland waters om human and welfare benefits. This potential is at risk because of the severe pressure fr , other water level rise - natural stressors such as pollution, overfishing, climate change, sea - use To prevent seas, oceans from reaching a point of no return, and extreme weather events. ssary to strengthen our knowledge and and to restore a good status of inland waters; it is nece understanding in order to protect, restore and sustainably manage marine, inland and coastal ecosystems and prevent pollution, in a context of an improved and responsible governance search to sustainably unlock the vast and unexploited framework. This will also include re , economic potential of seas oceans and inland waters aiming at producing more safe food , without increasing pressures on them, based ingredients and raw material bio - as well as the potential of aquacult ure in all forms to alleviate pressure on land, freshwater and ocean resources. There is a need for partnering approaches, including sea basin and macro regional - strategies, extending beyond the EU (e.g. in the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, the Baltic, the the Black Sea, the Caribbean Sea and the Indian Ocean); and for contributing to North Sea, initiatives like the United Nations Decade of International Ocean Governance commitments, Ocean Science for Sustainable Development and commitments linked to the con servation of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction. Broad Lines – forms, including alternative sources of aquaculture in all Sustainable fisheries and e; protein with increased food security, food sovereignty and climate resilienc monitoring and management tools; REV 1 121 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

122 – Strengthened resilience of marine and inland water ecosystems, including coral reefs thereby ensuring seas, ocean and river health, combating and mitigating the effects of ants and marine litter (including plastics), natural and anthropic pressures like contamin species, physical damage to the sea floor, overexploitation, eutrophication, invasive including overfishing, underwater noise, acidification, seas, oceans and rivers warming, rsection between land and sea, the cumulative impact sea level rise, considering the inte of these issues and fostering a circular approach and a better understanding of ocean - human interactions ; – Governance at global and regional levels to ensure conservation and sustainable use of the resources of seas, oceans and inland waters; – Technologies for the digital ocean (seafloor, water column and water surface) atmosphere, connecting services and communities in land climate, space and - based, weather related activities, and promoted through the Blue Cloud as part of the European Open Science Cloud; – Monitoring, risk - based assessment and predictive/forecasting capacities including sea - as well as cumulative level rise and other natural hazards e.g. storms surges, tsunamis vities; impact of human acti – Improve understanding of the hydrological cycle and regimes, hydromorphology at different scales and develop monitoring and predictive capacities for water availability rces and and demand, floods and droughts, pollution and other pressures on water resou aquatic environment. Exploit digital technologies to improve water resource monitoring and management; – Develop innovative solutions including societal governance, economic instruments and financing models, for smart water allocation addressing conflicts in water use, including exploiting the value in water, control of water pollutants, including plastics and microplastics and other emerging pollutants preferably at source, tackling other protection and restoration of pressures on water resources, as well as water reuse, and water ecosystems to good ecological status; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 122 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

123 - lue value Sustainable b the sustainable use of fresh water resources, chains, – including use of marine space and growth of the renewable energy sector from seas the multiple - - ans, including sustainable use of micro and oce algae; - and macro which waters Integrated approaches to sustainable management of inland and coastal – ; will contribute to environmental protection and adaptation to climate change based solutions derived f - Nature – rom marine, coastal and inland water ecosystem dynamics, biodiversity and multiple ecosystem services, which will enable systemic closed - approaches to sustainably use the resources of seas, in particular of semi rs, contribute to environmental protection European seas, and oceans and of inland wate and restoration , coastal management, and adaptation to climate change; Blue innovation including in the blue and digital economies, across coastline areas, – nce of coastal areas and increase coastal cities and ports in order to strengthen resilie citizens' benefits; – Better understanding of the role of seas and oceans in climate change mitigation and adaptation. 123 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

124 Food Systems .2.5. 7 and The combined effects of population growth, evolution of diets, resource scarcity overexploitation, environmental degradation, climate change and migration create unprecedented 26 Current food production and challenges which require food system transformation (FOOD 2030). consumption are largely unsustainable while we are confronted with the double burden of , malnutrition, characterised by the coexistence of undernutrition and other diet imbalances obesity and metabolic disorders . Future food sy stems need to deliver on food security, and ensure sufficient safe, healthy and quality food for all, underpinned by resource efficiency, sustainability (including the reduction of GHG emissions, pollution, water and energy consumption as well as waste duction), transparency, linking land and sea, reducing food waste, enhancing food production pro seas and oceans and encompassing the entire 'food value chain' from producers inland waters, from and back again – to consumers o go hand in hand with ensuring resilience. This needs t - development of the food safety system of the future and the design, development and delivery of tools, technologies and digital solutions that provide significant benefits for consumers and improve the competitiveness and sustainabil ity of the food value chain. Furthermore, there is a need to foster behavioural changes in food consumption and production patterns, taking into account cultural and social aspects, as well as to engage primary producers, industry (including SMEs), retaile rs, food service sectors, consumers, and public services. Broad Lines based sustainable and healthy diets for people's well - Evidence ‒ being across their - lifespan, including dietary patterns, improved nutritional quality of food and advances being; - ng the impact of nutrition on health and well in understandi Personalised nutrition especially for vulnerable groups, to mitigate the risk factors for – communicable diseases; diet - related and non - 26 opean Research and Innovation for Food and Nutrition Security SWD(2016) 319 final: Eur 124 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

125 al and cultural aspects of Consumers' behaviour, lifestyle and motivations, including soci – food, promoting social innovation and societal engagement for better health and environmental sustainability throughout the entire food value chain , including retail ; patterns ding traceability, improving food Modern food safety and authenticity systems, inclu – quality and enhancing consumer confidence in the food system; – Food system mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, including the exploration of the potential and use of the microbiome, of food crop diversity, and of alternative to animal proteins; – food systems, Environmentally sustainable, circular, resource efficient and resilient from land and sea, towards safe drinking water and maritime issues, zero food waste e of food and biomass, recycling of food throughout the entire food system, through reus waste, new food packaging, demand for tailored and local food; Novel approaches, including digital tools and food systems for place - based innovation – and empowerment of communities, fostering fair trade and pricin g along the value chain, inclusiveness and sustainability through partnerships between industry (including SMEs and smallholders), local authorities, researchers and society. - Bio 7.2.6. in the EU Bioeconomy based Innovation Systems based - bioeconomy lays the foundations for the transition away from a fossil Innovation in the based innovation is an important segment and enabler of the overall bioeconomy and - . Bio economy encompasses the sustainable sourcing, industrial processing and conversion of biomas s from land and sea into bio - based materials and products. Sustainability includes all its dimensions: ecological, social, economic and cultural aspects). It also capitalises on the potential of living resources, life logies for new discoveries, products, services and processes. sciences, digitalisation and biotechno based innovation, including (bio)processes and technologies, can bring new economic activities - Bio d and employment to regions and cities, contribute to revitalising rural and coastal economies an communities and strengthen the circularity of the bioeconomy. 125 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

126 Broad Lines - and production systems, focusing on high , logistics Sustainable biomass sourcing value – applications and uses, social and environmental sustainability, impact on climate and bio diversity, circularity and overall resource efficiency, including water; – Life sciences and their convergence with digital technologies for understanding, prospecting and sustainably using biological resources; based inspired materials, - materials, including bio - bio based value chains, - Bio – products, services and processes with novel qualities, functionalities and chemicals, improved sustainability (including reducing emissions of greenhouse gases), fostering le) advanced biorefineries using a wider range the development of (small and large sca of biomass; replacing current production of unsustainable products by outperforming biobased solutions for innovative market applications; edge biotechnology, - Biotechnology, including cross sectoral cutting – for application in competitive, sustainable and novel industrial processes, environmental services and 27 consumer products ; Circularity of the based - bio economy through technological, sector within the bio – radically increase the value generated systemic, social and business model innovation to per unit of biological resource, keeping the value of such resources in the economy for longer, preserving and enhancing natural capital, designing out waste and pollution, se of sustainable biomass through research supporting the principle of the cascading u and innovation and taking into account the waste hierarchy; 27 Health biotechnology applications will be addressed by the Health cluster under this pillar. REV 1 126 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

127 – Inclusive bioeconomy patterns with different actors participating in the creation of value, maximising societal impact and public engagement; of the , metrics and indicators sed understanding of the boundaries Increa economy bio – - offs with a healthy environment, and trade - offs between and its synergies and trade food and other applications. .2.7. 7 Circular Systems Circular production and consumption syste and ms will provide benefits to the European economy , decreasing greenhouse gas global environment by reducing use and dependency on resources emissions and other negative environmental impacts and increasing the competitiveness of enterprises, and to European citizens by creating new job opportunities and reducing pressures on emission, the environment and climate. Beyond industrial transformation, the t ransition to a low - and circular economy, avoiding the use of hazardous substances will resource efficient - based , bio also need a broader system shift that requires systemic eco innovative solutions, new business - models, markets and investments, e nabling infrastructure, social innovation changes in consumer stakeholder collaboration - behaviour, and governance models stimulating multi through the whole to ensure that the intended system change achieves better economic, environmental and value chain 28 . Opening for international cooperation will be important for comparability, ocial outcomes s generating and sharing knowledge and avoiding duplication of efforts, e.g. through international Also, attenti on will be given to the social initiatives such as the International Resource Panel. context of new knowledge and technology in this area and for its uptake and acceptance in society. 28 - The activities in Circular Systems Area of Intervention are complementary to those of Low Carbon and Clean Industry in the Digital and Industry cluster. 127 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

128 Broad Lines based Systemic transition to a resource efficient – and circular economy, with new , bio - - paradigms in consumer int eraction, new business models for resource efficiency and environmental performance; products and services stimulating resource efficiency and elimination or substitution of hazardous substances during the whole lifecycle; systems economic, social, for sharing, reuse, repai r, remanufacturing, recycling and composting; behavioural, regulatory and financial conditions and incentives for such transitions. – for measuring the circular , based on a systemic approach, Metrics and indicators performance and enhancing social responsibility; governance economy and life cycle and , the bioeconomy systems which accelerate expansion of the circular economy stakeholder - resource efficiency while creating markets for secondary materials; multi and cross - value chain collabor ation; instruments for investment in the circular economy and bioeconomy ; urban areas and – Solutions for sustainable and regenerative development of cities, peri - - based solutions, regions, integrating the circular economy transformation with nature techno logical, digital, social, cultural and territorial governance innovations; innovation for prevention and remediation of environmental pollution from and Eco – - exposure to hazardous substances and chemicals of emerging concern; looking also at , and at sustainable solutions for the interfac e between chemicals, products and waste ; primary and secondary raw materials production Circular – use of water resources, including reduction of water demand, prevention of of wastewater. losses, water reuse, recycling and valorisation Innovative solutions for the challenges - energy nexus addressing impacts of agricultural and for the water - food energy water use and enabling synergistic solutions. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 128 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

129 resources (energy, water, raw - Sustainable subsurface management integrating geo ‒ materials) and environmental conditions (natural hazards, anthropogenic impacts) across all relevant clusters, streamlining the positive contribution to a circular economy through pan - European geological knowledge and contributing towards an orchestra ted science based response to the Paris Agreement and to several UN Sustainable - Development Goals. ‒ Develop and improve solutions and infrastructures for facilitating access to drinking, n order to enable more irrigation and sanitation water, involving inter alia desalination, i efficient, energy and CO2 friendly, as well as, circular use of water. 129 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ECOMP.3.C. ANNEX EN

130 8. NON - NUCLEAR DIRECT ACTIONS OF THE JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE Rationale 8.1. High quality and trusted scientific evidence is essential for good public policies. New initiatives and - proposals for EU legislation need transparent, comprehensive and balanced evidence, whereas implementation of policies needs evidence to measure and monitor their impact and progress. - e is excellent, multi The JRC adds value to EU policies because its scienc disciplinary and independent of national, private and other external interests. Serving all areas of EU policy, it sectoral support that policymakers need to tackle increasingly complex societal - provides the cross challenges. The JRC' technical - s independence from special interests combined with its scientific reference role enable it to facilitate consensus building between stakeholders and other actors such as citizens, and needs, the JRC's policy makers. With its capacity to respond rapidly to policy activities are complementary with indirect actions aiming at supporting longer term policy objectives. The JRC performs its own research and is a strategic manager of knowledge, information, data and nd relevant evidence for smarter policies. To achieve this, the competences to deliver high quality a wide, and with international, national and JRC works together with the best organisations world - ties of regional experts and stakeholders. Its research contributes to the general objectives and priori Horizon Europe , provides independent scientific knowledge, advice and technical support for EU policies throughout the policy cycle, and is focussed on European policy priorities, supporting a Europe that is safe and secure, prosperous and sustaina ble, social and stronger on the global scene. REV 1 130 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

131 8.2. Areas of intervention 8.2.1. Strengthening the knowledge base for policy making Knowledge and data are growing exponentially. If policy makers are to make sense and use of them cutting scientific methods and cross - need for iltered. There is also a they must be reviewed and f to anticipate upcoming societal analytical tools for use by all Commission services, especially challenges and support better regulation. This includes innovative processes to engage stakeholders making issues and various tools of impact and implementation assessment. - and citizens in policy Broad Lines – - economic evaluation, risk assessment methodologies, quality cro Modelling, mi assurance tools for measurements, design of monitoring schemes, indicators and scoreboards, sensitivity analysis and auditing, lifecycle assessment, data and text and applications, design thinking, horizon scanning, mining, (big) data analytics anticipation and foresight studies, behavioural research, and stakeholders and citizen engagement; Knowledge and competence centres; – Communities of practice and knowledge sharing platforms; – Data m ; – anagement, data sharing and coherence Analysis of EU and national research and innovation policies, including the ERA ‒ . REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 131 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

132 Global Challenges 8.2.2. The JRC will contribute to the specific EU policies and commitments addressed by the seven Global Challenges c lusters, notably the EU's commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals. Broad Lines 1. Health – Scientific and technical policy support for improved public health and health care systems, including medical devices and health technology assessments, dat abases, digitisation including for accelerating interoperability ; Safety assessment methods for potential health and environmental risks posed by – chemical substances and pollutants; EU Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing; – – assurance tools such as certified reference materials for health biomarkers; Quality Research on newly emerging health issues and health threats. – 2. Culture, creativity and inclusive society cultural diversity, and Research on inequality, poverty and exclusion, social mobility, – skills; migration, assessment of social, demographic and technological transformations on the economy and on society; – Research on good governance and democracy; – l heritage; Support to the safeguarding, preservation and management of cultura – Knowledge centre for migration and demography REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 132 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

133 3. Civil security for society Knowledge centre for disaster risk management; – Support to security policies in the areas of protection of critical infrastructures and – E (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive - public spaces, CBRN materials) and hybrid threats, border protection and document security, and informatio n and intelligence for countering terrorism; Technologies for CBRN - E materials detection, biometric systems, and intelligence - – gathering techniques; – Support to the EU's security position in the world; assessment of competitiveness and innovation of th e Union security industry; exploitation of security - defence synergies; - – Research for reinforced Cybersecurity capabilities, cyber - resilience, and cyber deterrence. 4. Digital, Industry and Space rging ICT technologies such as Implications of digitisation, with a focus on new and eme – machine learning and artificial computing, distributed ledgers, Internet of Things, and High - Performance Computing; – Digitisation in individual sectors, such as energy, transport, construction, service are and government; c and industry, health – Industrial metrology and quality assurance tools for smart manufacturing; – Research on Key Enabling Technologies; 133 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

134 Research on best available techniques and environmental management practices, – economic analyses and life cyc - techno chemicals le assessment of industrial processes, management, waste management, water reuse, raw materials, critical raw materials and quality criteria for recovered materials, all supporting circular economy; – Analysis of security of supply of raw materia ls, including the critical raw materials, in relation to primary and secondary resources information and data update of the Raw Materials Information System; – Implementation of Copernicus actions; – Technical and scientific support for applications of th e EU Global Navigation Satellite System Programmes. Energy and Mobility 5. Climate, Support to implementation of the EU climate, energy and transport policies, transition to – - a low of carbon economy and strategies for decarbonisation towards 2050; analysis integrated national climate and energy plans; assessment of decarbonisation pathway in all sectors, including agriculture and Land Use Land Use Change and Forestry; Assessment of risks in vulnerable ecosystems and critical economic sectors and – structure, with focus on adaptation strategies; infra Analysis of the R&I dimension of Energy Union; assessment of EU competitiveness in – the global clean energy market; – Assessment of deployment potential of smart energy technologies and sector coupling sol utions to enable smooth and cost efficient energy transition. – Assessment of deploying renewables and clean energy production technologies; Analysis of energy use of buildings, smart and sustainable cities, and industries; – REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 134 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

135 economic analysis of energy storage, particularly sector coupling - socio Technical and – and batteries; Analysis of the EU's energy security of supply, including energy infrastructure, and – energy markets; – clean energy for EU Support to energy transition, including the Covenant of Mayors, Islands, sensitive regions, and Africa. Integrated analysis for deployment of Cooperative, Connected, Automated and – Mobility; – Integrated analysis for development and deployment of electric driving, including the next generation o f battery technologies; Harmonised test procedures and market surveillance for CO2 and air pollutant – emissions from vehicles, assessment of innovative technologies; – Assessment of smart transport, traffic management systems and congestion indicators; Analyses of alternative fuels and related – infrastructure needs. 7. Food, and environment natural resources, agriculture bioeconomy, Research on land, soil, forests, air, water, marine resources, raw materials and – servation, restoration and sustainable use of biodiversity to support the effective pre natural capital, including sustainable resources management in Africa ; Knowledge centre for global food nutrition security; – Assessment of climate change and potential mitigation and adaptation measures f – or agricultural and fisheries policies, including food security; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 135 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

136 Monitoring and forecasting of agricultural resources in EU, enlargement and – neighbourhood countries; – Research for sustainable and economically thriving aquaculture and fisheries, and fo r Blue Growth and the Blue Economy; – Validated methods, laboratory proficiency tests and new analytical tools for implementing food safety policies; – EU Reference Laboratories on Feed Additives, Genetically Modified Organisms and Food Contact Materials; – Knowledge centre for food fraud and quality; – Knowledge centre for bioeconomy. 8.2.3. Innovation, economic development, and competitiveness based innovation and technology transfer. It will support the The JRC will contribute to knowledge - functioning o f the internal market and the economic governance of the Union. It will contribute to development and monitoring of policies targeting a more social and sustainable Europe. It will moting good support the EU's external dimension and international goals and help in pro functioning internal market with a strong economic governance and fair social - governance. A well based innovation and competitiveness. - system will foster knowledge Broad Lines Economic, trade, financial and fiscal analysis; – – research and testing for harmonisation and standardisation; - Pre normative – Production of certified reference materials; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 136 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

137 Market surveillances activities; – – Management of intellectual property rights; – . Promotion of technology transfer cooperation 8.2.4. Excellence Scientific The JRC shall pursue excellence and integrity in research and extensive collaboration with top level research institutions worldwide. It will carry out research in emerging fields of science and as well as knowledge transfer. technology and promote open science and open data Broad Lines Exploratory research programmes; – Dedicated collaborative and exchange programmes with research institutions and – scientists; Access to JRC research infrastructures; – – Training of scientists and national expe rts; – Open science and open data. Territorial development and support for Member States and Regions 8.2.5. - The JRC will contribute to regional and urban policies, with focus on innovation led territorial s between regions. It will also offer technical development, and with a view to reducing disparitie assistance to Member States and third countries and support the implementation of European legislation and actions. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 137 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

138 Broad Lines Implementation of regional and urban policies, smart specialisation strategi – es, strategies for economic transformation of regions in transition, integrated urban development strategies and data; – Capacity building of local and regional actors for implementation of macro - regional strategies; – Knowledge centre for territorial pol icies; 'On demand' advice and tailored support to Member States, regions or cities, including – through a virtual network of Science4Policy Platforms. MI/SD/CF/MG/lv REV 1 138 7911/1/19 ECOMP.3.C. ANNEX EN

139 PILLAR III INNOVATIVE EUROPE driver for the EU to continue key is a Innovation delivering prosperity to its citizens in all its forms and meeting challenges of the future. Implementing it requires a systemic, cross - cutting and multifaceted approach. Europe's economic progress, social welfare and quality of life rely on its ability to boost productivity and growth, which, in turn, depends heavily on its ability to innovate. Innovation is also key to solving the major challenges that lie ahead for the EU. Innovation has to be responsible, ethical and sustainable. Like in the case of its predecessor, innovation is at the heart of Horizon Eur ope. The quest for new ideas, products and processes is driving Horizon acceleration of knowledge transfer and Europe objectives and implementing modalities, from strategic programming to calls, and is present sky' research to industrial or from the onset to the end of any project suppo rted, from 'blue - technological roadmaps and missions. Yet, innovation deserves specific measures, as the EU must decisively enhance the conditions and environment hared between actors in thrive, so that ideas are quickly s to European innovation for the innovation ecosystem, and new ideas and technologies swiftly transformed into the products and services needed for the EU to deliver. , care, media health Recent decades have seen the emergence of major and global new markets in green and retail, based on breakthrough innovations in ICT, biotech, entertainment, - communication hese Further downstream in the innovation process, t internet and the platform economy. tech, - market le, are deployed by fast creating innovations, which impact the EU economy as a who up in the EU. - which, however, seldom originate and scale growing and often new companies 139 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

140 - A new global wave of breakthrough innovation is coming up, one that will be based on more 'deep tech' technologies such as block icial intelligence, genomics/multiomics and robotics, chain, artif - and other technologies, which may also emerge from individual innovators and communities of citizens. They have in common that they are taking shape at the intersection between different technological solutions and , ciplines scientific dis offering radically new , economic sectors combinations of products, processes, services and business models, and have the potential to open sectors such as manufacturing, fi up new markets worldwide. Additional critical nancial services, transport or energy will also be impacted. tech' areas, - Europe has to ride that wave. It is well positioned as the new wave comes in 'deep in some which Europe has already significantly invested notably in the KETs, has therefore competi including in terms of human resources , tive advantages regarding science and knowledge, private cooperation (e.g. in health care or energy). - and can build on close public For Europe to lead that new wave of breakthrough innovation, the following underlying challenges need to be met: – Increase risk finance to overcome financing gaps: Europe's innovators suffer from a low capital is key to turning breakthrough innovations into supply of risk finance. Private venture world is less than a quarter of the amounts raised in the leading companies but, in Europe, it - US and in Asia. Europe must bridge the 'Valleys of death', whereby ideas and innovations fail to reach the market due to the gap between public support and private investment, in risk breakthrough innovations that have to be supported by particular with regard t o high - long - term investments; Facilitate the access to research results, – improve the transformation of science into innovation - he research base into start accelerate the transfer of ideas, technologies and talent from t and ups and industry; – - - driven, consumer Further support the development of all forms of innovation, including user driven service and inclusive social innovation; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 140 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

141 – Speed up ind in embracing new is lagging beh business transformation: European economy technologies and scaling up: 77% of the young and big R&D companies are in US or Asia and only 16% are based in Europe; Enhance and simplify the European landscape for funding and supporting research and – funding sources provides a complex landscape for innovators. EU innovation: the multitude of intervention has to cooperate and coordinate with other initiatives at European, national and regional level, public and private, to better enhance and align supporting capacities, avoid navigate landscape for any European ication of activities and provide for an easy - to - dupl innovator; – Overcome fragmentation to the innovation ecosystem. While Europe is home to a growing tional growth number of hotspots, these are not well connected. Companies with interna potential have to cope with fragmentation of national markets with their diverse languages, business cultures and regulations. The EU has a role to play in supporting effective ompanies, and SMEs in collaboration between national and regional ecosystems, so that c particular, can access the best knowledge, expertise, infrastructures and services across including through collaboration between ecosystems, support shall The EU Europe. is practical gies and technolo different between solutions interoperability regulation, so that improved . In order to cope with that new global wave of breakthrough innovation, EU support to innovators requires an agile, simple, seamless and tailored approach. Policy to develop and deploy up companies has to be bold in taking risks and must take into - cale breakthrough innovations and s - mentioned challenges and add value to related innovation activities implemented account the above . s or regions by individual Member State REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 141 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

142 operation with other EU policies and in particular Horizon Europe's Innovative Europe pillar, in co the InvestEU Programme, is designed to deliver such tangible results. It builds on lessons learned and on experience gained under the previous framework programmes, in particular from activities such as Fu ture Emerging Technologies (FET), Fast Track to Innovation (FTI) and the SME Instrument, but also private and corporate finance (such as FP7 RSFF, Horizon 2020 InnovFin), gathered and streamlined within the ' 2020. - EIC pilot's activities launched for the period 2018 Based on these experiences, this Pillar provides for the launch of the European Innovation Council (EIC), which will mainly promote breakthrough and disruptive technologies and innovation targeti ng especially - market creating innovation, while also supporting all types of innovations, tart - ups, and in exceptional cases small - , especially within SMEs including s including incremental with dedicated types of actions global level and EU and up potential at - rapid scale caps with mid - and activities: – including Supporting the development of future and emerging breakthrough innovations, “deep ; technological innovations - tech” innovations as well as non - creating - ment and scaling up of market Bridging financing gaps in the development, deploy – innovations; Leverage private capital and investment; – Increasing the impact and visibility of EU innovation support. – vation This pillar shall also provide for the activities developed under the European Ins t itute of Inno . in particular through its Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) and Technology (EIT), Additionally, Innovative . systematic synergies shall be ensured between the EIC and the EIT companies stemming from an EIT KIC may be chan elled to the EIC to create a pipeline of not yet n bankable innovations, while high potential innovative companies funded by the EIC that are not already engaged in one of the EIT KICs may be offered access to this additional support. 142 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

143 dir and the EIT KICs may Whilst the EIC ectly support innovations across the EU , the overall environment from which European innovations nurture and emerge must be further developed and enhanced: findings in fundamental research are seeds for market - creating innovations. It must be a pean endeavour to support innovation all across Europe, and in all dimensions and common Euro forms, including through complementary EU and national and regional (including through policies effective synergies with ERDF and smart specialisation strategies) and resourc es whenever renewed and reinforced coordination and cooperation possible. Hence, this Pillar provides also for mechanisms with Member States and Associated Countries, but also with private initiatives, in , including at regional and local order to support all actors of the European innovat ion ecosystems ; level Additionally, as a continued effort to enhance risk - finance capacities for research and – closely link with the InvestEU programme. Building on innovation in Europe, this pillar will the successes and the experiences gained under Horizon 2020 InnovFin, as well as under as EFSI, the InvestEU Programme will enhance access to risk finance for bankable entities , well as for investors. REV 1 143 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

144 (EIC) COUNCIL INNOVATION EUROPEAN THE 1 Areas of Intervention 1.1. EIC shall operate according to the following principles: clear EU added value, autonomy, The ability to take risks, efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability. The EIC will act as the one stop ividuals to universities, research - - shop for all types of innovators including from ind organisations and companies (SMEs, including start - ups, and, in exceptional cases, small mid - caps). disciplinary Depending of its schemes, it will provide support to single beneficiaries and multi - consortia. s of the EIC are The objective : of all kinds including incremental with innovations to identify, develop and deploy – high risk - a strong focus on breakthrough, disruptive and deep tech innovations that have the potential creating innovations - to become market , and ups and up of innovative companies mainly SMEs, including - support the rapid scale to – start - in exceptional cases small mid - caps at EU and international levels along the pathway from ideas to market. Where relevant, the EIC shall contribute to the activities s upported under other parts of Horizon Europe, in particular in Pillar II. the The EIC will be implemented primarily through two complementary types of action, namely the , for the early stages of technology development, and for advanced research Pathfinder Accelerator for innovation and market deployment actions, including the pre - mass commercialisation stages and company growth. With the idea to offer a single one - stop shop and a - ups, SMEs and , in for high risk innovations carried out by start single process of support will notably award two types of support: midcaps exceptional cases, small mainly , the Accelerator blended finance (combining grants with equity investments) as well as grants, optionally followed hannel access to loans In addition, it will also c . by equity support and guarantees, notably those provided under the InvestEU programme. REV 1 144 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

145 These two complementary types of actions will share common characteristics. They will: risk innovations where the risks, whether financial, techno - Support high – logical/scientific, market and/or regulatory, cannot be borne by the market alone or yet supported by financial instruments under InvestEU ; - tech innovations, while also supporting breakthrough risk - high Mainly focus on deep , /or and – ion, including incremental, that have the potential to create new other forms of innovat or contribute to resolving global challenges markets ; Be mainly bottom – up, open to innovations from all fields of science, technology and - , rgeted support for emerging breakthrough applications in any sector, while also enabling ta creating and/or deep tech - technologies of potential strategic significance - in terms of market economic and/or social impact. The Commission services will evaluate this potential strategic recommendations from the independent experts, from the EIC impact on the basis of programme managers and, where appropriate, from the EIC Advisory Board ; innovations that cut across different scientific, technological (e.g. combining Encourage – sectors; physical and digital) fields and – Be centred on innovators, simplifying procedures and administrative requirements, making use of interviews to help assess applications, and ensuring fast decision making; tion ecosystem; Implemented with the aim of significantly enhancing the European innova – actively with milestones or other predefined criteria to gauge progress and - Be managed pro – after a thorough assessment, the possibility to, with the possible use of independent experts, e needed. projects wher or terminate the reorient, reschedule REV 1 145 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

146 As well as financial support, innovators will have access to EIC business advisory services providing to projects coaching, mentoring and technical assistance, and pairing innovators with also have facilitated access to expertise, peers, industrial partners and investors. Innovators will 29 ) and partners from across EU facilities (including innovation hubs and open innovation testbeds The Commission will supported activities including those of the EIT, in particular through its KICs. ensure seamles s continuity between the EIT, the EIC, and InvestEU, to deliver complementarity and . synergies To allow the strengthening of the European innovation ecosystem, particular attention will be paid or ual or networked Member States to ensuring proper and efficient complementarity with individ interregional initiatives, including in the form of a European Partnership. The Pathfinder for Advanced Research 1.1.1. will provide grants to high tech - edge projects exploring new and deep - risk cutting - Pathfinder's The ar eas aiming to develop into potentially radical innovative technologies of the future and new market opportunities. Merging them into a single model with a unique set of criteria. It will build on the experience from the Future and Emerging Technology (FET) schemes supported under FP7 and Horizon 2020, including the Horizon 2020 FET - Innovation Launchpad, as well as the Horizon 2020 SME Instrument Phase 1. Pathfinder overall objective will be to nurture potential market creating innovation out of The ough ideas, and bring them to demonstration stage or development of business cases or breakthr or any other market deployment solution. To that Accelerator up by the - strategies for further take will support the earliest stages of scientific and end, the technological research and Pathfinder development, including proof of concept and prototypes for technology validation. 29 Innovation Hub is an umbrella term for a broad variety of skills. It can serve as an active partner, a community, a knowledge center, a facilitator or a connector that offers access to latest knowl necessary for edge and expertise on digital and related enabling technologies companies to become more competitive with regard to production, services and business processes. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 146 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

147 In order to be fully open to broad - sweeping explorations, opportunities of serendipity and unexpected ideas, concepts and discoveries, the Pathfin der will be mainly implemented through a with cut and competitive continuous open call up proposals. While maintaining - for bottom off dates - - will also provide for competitive challenges to develop its mainly bottom up nature, the Pathfinder 30 jectives key strategic ob tech and radical thinking - calling for deep The topics for those challenges . Regrouping of selected projects into thematic or will be determined in the work programmes. nd structuring new objective driven portfolios will allow establishing critical mass of efforts a multidisciplinary research communities. These portfolios of selected projects will be further developed and enhanced, each along a vision developed with their innovators, but also shared with the research and innovation community at will be implemented to help researchers and innovators Transition activities e. The larg Pathfinder's develop the pathway to commercial development, such as demonstration activities and feasibility ups. These - ation of spin offs and start studies to assess potential business cases, and support the cre up or enlarge the - may also consist of complementary grants to top Pathfinder's Transition activities scope of previous and on going actions, to bring in new partners, to enable collaboration within the - portfolio and to develop its multidisciplinary community. will be open to all types of innovators, from individuals to universities, research Pathfinder The disciplinary - organisations and companies, in particular startups and SMEs, and focusing on multi consortia. In the case of single beneficiary projects, - companies will not be mid caps and larger permitted. The Pathfinder will be implemented mainly through collaborative research and in close coordination with other parts of Horizon Europe, in particular with the European Research Council r III Curie Actions (MSCA), the European Ecosystem part of Pilla (ERC), the Marie Skłodowska - and the Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) of the European Institute of Innovation to identify radical new ideas and concepts with breakthrough and Technology (EIT) activities potential. 30 c planning. Relevant topics may be identified in the context of the Horizon Europe Strategi REV 1 147 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

148 The Accelerator .1.2. 1 e financing remains scarce between late stage of research and Available private and corporat 31 - - - and therefore not 'bankable' or investors up for high innovation activities and market take risk - breakthrough and market attractive for ' creating innovations. In order to bridge the 'valley of death any type of high in particular breakthrough and 'deep tech' innovations risk innovations, including - that are key to Europe’s future growth, public support must develop a radically new approach. tions, public support should provide for a Where the market does not provide viable financial solu - sharing mechanism, bearing more if not all of the initial risk of potential breakthrough specific risk - market creating innovations to attract alternate private investors in a second stage, as operations the risk is reduced until the company carrying the innovative project becomes bankable. unfold and ups and, in - will provide financial support to SMEs including start Accelerator Consequently the d deploy in EU and caps that have the ambition to develop an - exceptional cases, small mid international markets their breakthrough innovations and to scale up rapidly. For that purpose it will build on the experience from the Phases 2 and 3 of Horizon 2020 SME Instrument and from Horizon 2020 InnovFin, including through the addition of non - grant components and the ability to support larger and longer investments. The provide support in the form of EIC blended finance, as well as grants mainly shall Accelerator and equity. The EIC blended finance shall be a mix of: 32 – , to cover innovation activities; r reimbursable advance Grant o 31 Typically as a combination of scientific/technological risks, management/financial risks, market/economical risks and regulatory risks. Unforeseen additional risks may also be taken into account. 32 deemed lower than average, a reimbursable advance As an alternative to a grant when risk is - shall be paid back to the EU on an agreed schedule and then becomes an interest free loan. In case the beneficiary is not able to reimburse, but can continue its activity, the transformed into equity. In case of bankruptcy, the reimbursable advance shall be reimbursable advance becomes just a grant. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 148 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

149 33 or other repayable forms (loans, guarantees, etc.), so as to Support for investment in equity – up, in a manner - bridge innovation activities with effective market deployment, including scale that d In oes not crowd out private investments or distorts competition in the internal market. case a project is deemed bankable from its initial selection (due diligence), or where the level of risk has been sufficiently reduced, it will channel the selected/su pported company to access to debt financing (e.g. loans or guarantees ) and on equity financing provided by the InvestEU programme. Blended financial support will be awarded through a single process and with a single decision, tor with a single global commitment to financial resources covering providing the supported innova mass commercialisation. - the various stages of innovation down to market deployment including pre The full implementation of the awarded support will be subject to milestones and review. Th e combination and volume of financing will be adapted to the needs of the firm, its size and stage, the nature of the technology/innovation and the length of the innovation cycle. It will cover financing needs until replacement by alternative sources of in vestment. The EIC ups, to - also provide support in the form of grants to SMEs, including start will Accelerator carry out a range of innovation types, from incremental to breakthrough and disruptive innovation, scale up aiming who are . to subsequently up call as the one The support will be provided through the same continuously open and bottom - - used for the blended up or an SME may benefit only once during Horizon - finance support. A start 2.5 million. Proposals shall Europe from grant - only support from the EIC that will not exceed EUR include detailed information on the capacities of the applicant to scale up. only support, the For projects that have benefitted from a grant may subsequently upon - Accelerator the request of the beneficiaries provide them with finance support (e.g. "an equity support only"), through its “Special Purpose Vehicle” (SPV) subject to the due diligence results of the latter. 33 As a principle, the EU is not expected to hold more than a minority of voting rights in ition of a blocking In exceptional cases, the EU may secure the acquis companies supported. . minority to protect European interests in essential areas, e.g. cyber security REV 1 149 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

150 When selected projects are receiving a grant component support for its research and innovation activities; the activities may be implemented in collaboration with public or private research organisations, for example through subcontracting, to ensure that the beneficiary can have optimal o develop with a strong access to technical and business expertise. This will allow the beneficiary t foundation in the existing knowledge, expertise and ecosystems across Europe. financial, scientific/ Where the various risks are reduced ( management, technological, market, ble advance component is expected to regulatory, etc.), the relative importance of the reimbursa increase. While the EU may bear alone the initial risk of selected innovation and market deployment actions, - the aim will be to de risk these and stimulate, from the out - set and during the development of the - action, co - investments from alternative sources and even substitutive investors. In that event, co investor(s) and the - investment objectives and times schedule will be agreed with the co beneficiaries/supported companies. - with cut - a continuously open, and bottom off up call, The Accelerator will mainly operate through mid - - targeting SMEs including start dates, ups, and in exceptional cases small caps, including young - up - and female innovators managing or holding key skills in these companies. This open and bottom creating - , market call may be complemented by targeted support for on emerging breakthrough innovations tech of potential strategic significance in terms of e conomic and/or social - and/or deep The topics for impact, while maintaining the predominantly bottom up nature of the Accelerator. this targeted support will be described in the work programmes. Investors, including public innovation agencies, may also submit proposals , but the support shall be awarded directly to the company carrying the innovative project they are interested in . 150 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

151 supported - up of innovations stemming from Pathfinder - will also allow for take Accelerator The 34 projects and from other pillars of the EU Fra , in order to support them to mework Programmes reach the market. This identification of projects supported in other pillars of Horizon Europe and also previous Framework Programmes will be based on pertinent methodologies, such as the Innovation Radar. I n addition, for scale up purpose and in compliance with Article 43.5(a) of Regulation [Framework programme], subject to an initial mapping exercise, successful proposals from eligible national or regional programmes could also have access to the Accelerato r evaluation phase under the following cumulative and sequential conditions: depth mapping (a) in close cooperation with Member States, the Commission will perform an in - of eligible national or regional programmes to identify the demand for such a scheme. The results of this mapping will be published on the Participants portal and updated regularly. (b) A pilot, based on this mapping, will be launched in the first Horizon Europe work programme. Under this pilot, the following conditions must be met: the n ational or regional evaluation procedures shall be certified by the Commission • according to criteria included in the Horizon Europe Work Programme; the Commission shall ensure equal treatment with other proposals in the evaluation of • proposals submitted under the EIC Accelerator. In particular all eligible proposals shall - have to comply with a selection test, on a strictly equal footing, consisting of a face - to face interview with a jury consisting of external independent experts . 34 Such as ERC Proof of Concept, from projects supported under the 'Global Challenges and ups emerging from the KIC s of the European - Industrial Competitiveness" Pillar, start . Applications shall also Institute of Innovation and Technology stem from Horizon 2020 related Seal of activities, particularly project selected under Horizon 2020 SME Phase 2 and d future) European Partnerships. ting an Excellence financed by Member States, or from (exis REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 151 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

152 1 .1.3. Additional EIC a ctivities Additionally, EIC will also implement: - – Highly recommended to all selected start - ups and SMEs, and in exceptional cases small mid caps, although not mandatory, EIC business acceleration services in support of Pathfinder and activities and actions. The aim will be to connect the EIC Community of funded Accelerator innovators, including funded Seal of Excellence, to investors, partners and public buyers. It will provide a range of coaching and mentoring services to EIC actions. It will pr ovide innovators with access to international networks of potential partners, including industrial ones, to complement a value chain or develop market opportunities, and find investors and other sources of private or corporate finance. Activities will incl ude live events (e.g. brokerage events, pitching sessions) but also, the development of matching platforms or use of existing ones, in close relation with financial intermediaries supported by the InvestEU and with the EIB Group. These activities will also encourage peer exchanges as a source of learning in innovation ecosystem, making particular good use of Members of the EIC Board and EIC Fellows; EIC Fellowship to honour the EU's leading innovators. They will be awarded by the – of the High Level Advisory Board to recognise them as Commission on the advice ambassadors for innovation; – EIC Challenges, i.e. inducement prizes, to help develop novel solutions to global challenges, the bring in new actors and develop new communities. Other EIC prizes will inclu de iCapital, Climate innovation prize, the Social Innovation Inducement Prize, and the Women 35 Innovators' Prize. to other parts of the and EIC the The design of its prizes will be linked to Framework Programme, including missions and other releva EU nt funding bodies. to Opportunities for cooperation with organisations able to provide complementary support (such as enterprises, universities, research organisations, business accelerators, charities and foundations) will be explored. 35 To ensure seamless continuity, the EIC prizes will take over the management of prizes launched under Horizon 2020. In addition, the EIC Board shall provide for the design and implementation of new inducement prizes and re awards. cognition REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 152 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

153 – EIC Innovative Proc urement, to procure prototypes, or develop first purchase programme to market innovative technologies by national, facilitate the testing and acquisition of pre - regional or local public entities, collectively whenever possible. .2. Implementation 1 centric approach and novel types of actions, the implementation of the EIC To refle ct its innovator - calls for the deployment of specific management features. The EIC Board 1.2.1. enting assist the Commission in implem shall The High Level Advisory EIC Board ("EIC Board") shall the EIC. As well as advising on the EIC work programmes, the EIC Board take an active role process of project in advising the management and following up actions. It will selection and on the have a communication function, with members playing an ambassadorial role helping to stimulate innovation across the EU. Communication channels will include attendance at key innovation events, social media, constitution of an EIC community of innovators, engaging with key media with a focus on innovation, common events with incubators and acceleration hubs. he EIC Board shall provide advice to the Commission regarding innovation trends or initiatives T d to enhance and foster the EU innovation ecosystem, including potential regulatory barriers. neede The EIC Board's advice shall also identify emerging areas of innovation likely to be taken into Industrial Competitiveness account in the activities under the Global Challenges and European pillar and missions. In this way, and in coordination with the relevant programme committee configuration, the EIC Board is expected to contribute to the overall coherence of the Horizon Europe programme. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 153 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

154 f the EIC Board, the Commission will: Based on the advice o provide potential applicants with detailed information in advance of calls for proposals, to ‒ include o the requirements of the different supporting schemes; o how the proposed forms of financial support (blended finance, grant, equity, loan and guarantee) will be provided and implemented; o clear differentiation between the targeted groups and their distinct needs, according to EIC schemes; o definition of the innovation objectives in terms of product, process, marketing and services; ‒ establish a solid monitoring of the implementation of the EIC schemes with the objective to ensure quick policy learning and to develop innovation patterns. For this purpose, indicators achieved innovation in terms will be selected and implemented to measure the expected and of product, process, marketing and services; ‒ ensure complementarity and cooperation between the EIC and the EIT with the aim to avoid duplication; ‒ disseminate detailed information on existing tools to attract risk capital investors in case of highly risky projects. 1 .2.2. EIC programme managers active approach to the management of high risk projects, through - The Commission will take a pro access to the necessary expertise. The Commission will appoint on a temporary basis a number of EIC programme managers to assist - and technology The Programme business it with - based vision and operational guidance. Committee will be informed on the appointments. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 154 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

155 rogramme managers will come from multiple spheres, including companies, universities, national P laboratories and research centers. They will bring deep expertise from personal experience and years in the field. They will be recognised leaders, either having managed multidisciplinary research teams or directing large institutional programs, and know the importance of communicating their visions tirelessly, creatively, and broadly. Lastly, they will have experience in e sense of responsibility. overseeing important budgets, which requir Programme managers will be expected to boost the impact of EIC funding by fostering an « active a hands combining a sound technological knowledge with management » culture, on approach - - involving development at portfolio and proj ects levels of vision based budgets, timelines and milestones EIC projects must meet to receive continued funding. calls, Accelerator In particular, programme managers oversee the implementation of Pathfinder and in view n committees and provide opinion to the expert evaluatio , based on clear and fair criteria and of a consistent strategic portfolio of projects, expected to make essential contributions to the emergence of potential societal or economic market creating innovations. Programme managers will ha Pathfinder portfolios by developing together ve the task of nurturing with beneficiaries a common vision and a common strategic approach that leads to a critical mass of effort. This will involve h, and the the enhancement of new, recently developed fields of researc edge - building up and structuring of new communities, with the objective of bringing cutting breakthrough ideas into genuine and mature market creating innovations. Programme managers will olio with relevant additional activities and implement transition activities , further developing portf partners, and closely monitoring potential spin - offs and start - ups. Pathfinder and ’s projects, Accelerator To allow more flexibility, programme managers will review for each milestone or predefined criteria at r elevant intervals according to the project development, to assess whether they should be continued, reoriented or terminated according to defined methods and procedures for project management. Where relevant, such assessments may involve independent extern al experts. In accordance with staff regulations, the Commission will ensure that there is no conflict of interest, nor breach of confidentiality, of programme managers in the execution of all their tasks. 155 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

156 of expected that a significant number Given the high risk nature of the actions, it is projects will not reach completion. Budget decommitted from such terminations will be used to support other EIC and shall be communicated in a timely manner to the Programme Committee. actions 1 .2.3. the EIC blended finance Implementation of The Commission will manage all operational elements of Accelerator projects, including the grant repayable forms of support. or other non - purpose For the purpose of managing EIC blended finance, the Commission shall establish a special vehicle (EIC SPV). The Commission shall seek to ensure the participation of other public and private investors. Where this is not possible at the initial set up, the special purpose vehicle will be public or private investors in order to increase the structured in such a way that it can attract other leverage effect of the Union contribution. shall The investment strategy of the EIC SPV will be endorsed by the Commission. The EIC SPV s, which will include the possibility define and implement an exit strategy for its equity participation to propose the transfer of (a share) of an investment operation to the implementing partners supported under the InvestEU programme, where appropriate and for operations whose risks have at they meet criteria of Article 209(2) of the Financial Regulation. been sufficiently lowered so th The Programme Committee will be informed accordingly. The EIC SPV will perform due diligence, and negotiate technical terms of each investment in nality and prevention of conflict of interests with other compliance with the principles of additio The EIC SPV will counterparts. investees and of other activities of the proactively leverage public and/or private investments into individual operations. Accelerator’s 156 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

157 2 . EUROPEAN INNOVATION ECOSY STEMS 2 .1. Rationale To fully harness the potential of innovation involving researchers, entrepreneurs, industry and society at large, the EU, together with the Member States, must improve the environment within which innovation can flourish at all levels . This will mean contributing to the development of an effective innovation ecosystem at EU level, and encouraging cooperation, networking, and the exchange of ideas funding and knowledge, developing open innovation processes in organisations, and local innovation ecosystems, in order to support all types of , regional mong national and skills a innovation, reach out to all innovators across the EU and provide them with adequate support. t social innovation and must also aim to develop ecosystems that suppor and Member States The EU public sector innovation, in addition to innovation in private enterprises. Indeed, the government sector must innovate and renew itself in order to be able to support the changes in regulation and new - large scale deployment of innovations, including governance required to support the technologies and a growing public demand for the more efficient and effective delivery of services. Social innovations are crucial to enhance the welfare of our societies. To attain these objectives, activities will be implemented to complement and to ensure synergies with the EIC’s types of action, as well as with the activities of the EIT, with activities undertaken under other pillars of Horizon Europe and with activities implemented by Member States and Associated Countries, but also by private initiatives. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 157 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

158 2 .2. Areas of intervention As a first step the Commission will organise an EIC Forum of Member States and Associated countries’ public authorities and bodies in char ge of innovation policies and programmes, with the aim of promoting coordination and dialogue on the development of the EU's innovation ecosystem. The EIC Board and the EIT Board will also be associated. Within this EIC Forum, the Commission will: - Discuss the development of innovation – friendly regulation, through the continued application 36 of the Innovation Principle and development of innovative approaches to public procurement including developing and enhancing the Public Procurement of Innovation (PPI) instrument to drive innovation. The Observatory of Public Sector Innovation will also alongside the revamped Policy continue to support internal government innovation efforts, Support Facility; das with EU efforts to consolidate an Promote the alignment of research and innovation agen – open market for capital flows and investment, such as the development of key framework conditions in favour of innovation under the Capital Markets Union; – programmes and innovation innovation and regional Enhance coordination between national activities under Horizon Europe, including notably the EIC and the EIT, so as to stimulate , by sharing data on programmes and their s operational synergies and avoid overlap nitoring of technological and implementation, resources and expertise, analysis and mo innovation trends, interconnecting respective innovators' communities ; 36 Communication of 15 May 2018 'A renewed European Agenda for Research Commission Europe's chance to shape its future' (COM(2018)306, Council Decision of - and Innovation 27 May 2016 (8675/16 RECH 127 COMPET 212 MI 300 POGEN 34). REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 158 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

159 – Establish a joint communication strategy on innovation in the EU. It will aim at stimulating ups the EU's most talented innovators, entrepreneurs, particul arly young ones, SMEs and start - value that technical, non - throughout the EU. It will stress the EU added technical, and social - innovators can bring to EU citizens by developing their idea/vision into a thriving enterprise growth, societal progression). (social value/impact, jobs and The EU will also, in synergy with other Horizon Europe activities, including those of the EIC and EIT, and with the regional smart specialisation strategies: orities in charge of public fund joint innovation programmes managed by auth - Promote and co – national, regional or local innovation policies and programmes, to which private entities - supporting innovation and innovators may be associated. Such demand driven joint - ibility study support, academia programmes may target, among others, early stage and feas tech SMEs' collaborative research, technology and - enterprise cooperation, support to high knowledge transfer, internationalisation of SMEs, market analysis and development, pment and interconnection of open digitalisation of low , - tech SMEs support the develo , financial innovation infrastructures, such as pilots, demonstrators, maker spaces and testbeds instruments for close to market innovations activities or market deployment, social blic procurement initiatives, enabling innovations innovation. They may also include joint pu to be commercialised in the public sector, in particular in support of the development of new policy. This could be particularly effective to stimulate innovation in public service areas and to provide mar ket opportunities to European innovators; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 159 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

160 Support also joint programmes for mentoring, coaching, technical assistance and other – National Contact Points, services that are delivered close to innovators, by networks such as , clusters, pan Enterprise Europe Network (EEN) European platforms such as Startup Europe, - local innovation actors, public but also private, in particular incubators and regional or innovation hubs that could moreover be interconnected to favour partnering between also be given to promote soft skills for innovation, including to innovators. Support may networks of vocational institutions and in close with the European Institute of cooperation Innovation and Technology and its KICs; Improve data and knowledge about innovation support, in – cluding mapping of support schemes, establishing data sharing platforms, benchmarking and evaluation of support . schemes The EU will also launch actions necessary to further monitor and nurture the overall innovation landscape and innovation management cap acity in Europe. The ecosystem support activities will be implemented by the Commission, supported by an executive agency for the evaluation process. 160 7911/1/19 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv ECOMP.3.C. ANNEX EN

161 STRENGTHENING THE EUROPEAN WIDENING PARTICIPATION AND - PART RESEARCH AREA This part of the Programme shall implement concrete measures in support of widening participation and strengthening the European Research Area. It shall aim to strengthen collaborate links across contribute to improving research management Europe and open up European R&I networks, apacities in the widening countries, support national policy reforms c as well as exploit the potential of the Union’s talent pool by targeted actions. - class scientific and technological achievements, but its research and The EU has a history of world innov ation potential fails to be fully exploited. Despite much progress in developing the European Europe has still Research Area (ERA), including the ERA roadmap and national ERA action plans, es face bottlenecks in their a fragmented research and innovation landscape, and all Member Stat research and innovation systems which require policy reforms. In some areas, progress is too slow 37 . up with an increasingly dynamic research and innovation ecosystem - to catch Europe is still far below the policy objective of The level of research and innovation investment in 3% of GDP and continues to grow less than our main competitors such as US, Japan, China or Korea. - South - Meanwhile, there is a growing disparity in Europe between the R&I leading and the R&I - lagging s and regions . Change, for example through more and better links between research and countrie innovation actors across Europe, is needed if Europe as a whole is to capitalise on excellence from ir impacts on e across the continent, maximise the value of public and private investm ents, and th productivity, economic growth, job creation and well being. In addition, there is a need for - structural R&I policy reforms and better national and regional as well as institutional cooperation in - quality knowledge. high the production and diffusion of 37 The ERA progress report of 2018 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 16 7911/1/19 1 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

162 In addition, research and innovation are seen by some as distant and elitist without clear benefits for citizens, instilling attitudes that hamper the creation and uptake of innovative solutions, and - based scepticism about evidence public policies. This requires both better linkages between entrepreneurs, innovators, makers, and more robust scientists, citizens and policy - researchers, approaches to pooling scientific evidence itself in a changing society. The EU now needs to raise t he bar on the quality and impact of its research and innovation system, 38 requiring a revitalised European Research Area (ERA) , across the European Union and Associated Countries better supported by the EU's research and innovation Framework Programme , . Specifically, a well integrated yet tailored set of EU - national and regional programmes and 39 measures is needed, combined with reforms and performance enhancements at national level (to which the Smart Specialisation Strategies supported under the European Re gional Development effective Fund as well as the Policy Support Facility can contribute) and, in turn, institutional changes within research funding and performing organisations, including universities , leading to outstanding knowledge production . By combi ning efforts at EU level, synergies can be exploited across Europe and the necessary scale can be found to make support to national policy reforms more efficient and impactful. The activities supported under this part specifically address ERA policy prior ities, while generally underpinning all parts of Horizon Europe. Activities may also be established to foster brain , taking fully into account circulation across ERA through mobility of researchers and innovators and to networks of scholars, scientists, researchers and current imbalances , op create and devel innovators to put all their (intangible) assets to the service of the ERA and by supporting the - specific science roadmaps . development of domain 38 Council Conclusions on the ERA Roadmap, 19 May 2015 [To be updated as necessary] . 39 TFEU Article 181.2 162 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

163 The goal is for an EU where knowledge and a highly skille d workforce circulate freely, research outputs are shared rapidly and efficiently, researchers benefit from attractive careers and gender and Associated Countries develop common strategic equality is ensured, where Member States national plans, defining and implementing joint programmes, and where research agendas, aligning the outcomes of research and innovation are understood and trusted by informed citizens and benefit society as a whole. This part will contribute de facto to all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), but directly to the Industry, Innovation and - Gender Equality; SDG 9 Quality Education; SDG 5 - following: SDG 4 - Infrastructure; SDG 17 Partnership for the Goals. - PARTICIPATION WIDENING 1. EXCELLENCE SPREADING AND in research and innovation performance Reducing disparities and the existing divide by sharing across the EU will help widening countries and the EU outermost regions knowledge and expertise nefit from R&I to attain a competitive position in the global value chains and the Union to fully be potential of all Member States. is , of project consortia , for example through the promotion of openness and diversity Further action therefore needed to counter the trend for closed collaborations, which can exclude large number of g institutions , and to exploit the potential of the EU's promisin and individuals, including newcomers talent pool by maximising and sharing the benefits of research and innovation across the EU. Within the broad areas of activities, the funding lines will facilit ate specific research elements customised to the particular needs of the actions. Broad Lines Teaming, to create new centres of excellence or upgrade existing ones in eligible – d partner countries, building on partnerships between leading scientific institutions an institutions; 163 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

164 from eligible s universities or research organisation Twinning, to significantly strengthen – countries in a defined field, by linking it with internationally - leading research tries ; institutions from other Member States or Associated Coun – ERA Chairs, to support universit ies from eligible countries to or research organisations attract and maintain high quality human resources under the direction of an outstanding researcher and research manager (the 'ERA Chair holder'), and to impl ement structural changes to achieve excellence on a sustainable basis; European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), involving ambitious – conditions regarding the inclusion of eligible countries, and other measures to provide g, capacity building and career development support to scientific networkin young and researchers from these target countries, through actions of high scientific advanced . 80% of the total budget of COST will be devoted to actions fully quality and relevance , including funding for new activities aligned with the o bjectives of this intervention area and services ; – Activities aimed at improving the quality of proposals from legal entities from low R&I proposal checks and advice, and performing Member States, such as professional pre - boosting the activities of National Contact Points to support international networking, as - well as activities following Article 20(3) of the [Regulation] and evidence based matchmaking services following Article 46(2) of the [Regulation]. ‒ Activ ities may be established to foster brain circulation of researchers of all ages and at rants to enable researchers of any nationality all levels right across ERA (for instance g to acquire and transfer new knowledge and to work on research and innovation in Widening countries ) and better exploitation of existing (and possibly jointly managed) research infrastructures in the targeted countries through mobility of researchers and innovators e. Activities may also be established to foster initiatives on excellenc . REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 164 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

165 Facilitate full This intervention area will support the Horizon Europe specific objectives: engagement of Europe’s talent pool in supported actions; Spread and connect excellence across the EU; Reinforce the creation of high quality knowledge; Increase cross - sectorial, cross - disciplinary cross - border cooperation. SYSTEM INNOVATION AND RESEARCH EU THE ENHANCING AND 2. REFORMING through the and complemented Policy reforms at national level will be mutually reinforced atives, research, networking, partnering, coordination, data level policy initi - development of EU collection and monitoring and evaluation. Broad Lines Strengthening the evidence base for research and innovation policy, for a better – components of national and regional understanding of the different dimensions and research and innovation ecosystems, including drivers, impacts, associated polices; and trends , in coordination and co Foresight activities, to anticipate emerging needs - – , in a and citizens d stakeholders oriente - design with national agencies and future participative manner, building on advances in forecasting methodology, making outcomes more policy relevant, while exploiting synergies across and beyond the programme; 165 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

166 – Support for policy makers, funding bodies, resear ch performing organisations (including universities) or advisory groups working on ERA and ERA related policies coordination and support measures supporting the ERA to ensure that or implementing - these are to be well ting a coherent and long - aligned towards developing and implemen . Such support may take the form of Coordination and Support term sustaining ERA - Actions (CSAs) in a bottom up and competitive way to support programme level collaboration between research and innovation programme of Member States, Associated Countries and civil society organisations such as foundations, on priorities of their choice, with a clear focus on the implementation of transnational joint activities including calls. It will be based on clear commitments from participating pr ogrammes to pool resources and ensure complementarity between activities and policies with those of the Framework Programme and relevant European Partnership Initiatives. towards open science, by monitoring, analysing and – Accelerating the transition 40 supp orting the development and uptake of open science policies and practices , at the level of Member States, regions, institutions and including the FAIR principles, researchers, in a way that maximises synergies and coherence at EU level; 40 The policies and practices to be addressed range from sharing research outputs as early and widely as possible throu gh commonly agreed formats and a shared infrastructure (e.g. the European Open Science Cloud), citizen science, and developing and using new, broader approaches and indicators for evaluating research and rewarding researchers. 166 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

167 nal research and innovation policy reform, including though a Support to natio – 41 (i.e. peer reviews, strengthened set of services of the Policy Support Facility (PSF) specific support activities, mutual learning exercises and the knowledge centre) to iated Countries, operating in synergy with the European Member States and Assoc Regional Development Fund, the Structural Reform Support Service (SRSS) and the Reform Delivery Tool; – Providing researchers with attractive career environments, skills and competences 42 . Linking the ERA and the European needed in the modern knowledge economy Higher Education Area by supporting the modernisation of universities and other research and innovation organisations, through recognition and reward mechanisms to spur actions at national level, as well as incentives promoting the adoption of open science practices, responsible R&I, entrepreneurship (and links to innovation - ecosystems), trans sectoral disciplinarity, citizen engagement, international and inter - mobility, gender equality plans, dive rsity and inclusion strategies, and comprehensive - In that context, as a follow up of the pilot actions approaches to institutional changes. launched under Erasmus+ 2014 on , Horizon Europe European Universities 20 - the nergetic way the support provided by in a sy where appropriate, complement will, their research ERASMUS' programme to European Universities, providing support on and innovation dimension . This will contribute to developing new joint and integrated education, research and innovation based on long term and sustainable strategies on trans disciplinary and cross sectoral approaches to make the knowledge triangle a - - economic growth, while avoiding overlaps with reality, providing impetus to sustainable EIT KICs. 41 (PSF), launched under Horizon 2020. The PSF works on a The Policy Support Facility - demand made - driven basis and it offers, on a voluntary basis, high level expertise and tailor advice to national public authorities. Through its services, it has already been instrumental policy change in countries such as Poland, Bulgaria, Moldova or Ukraine and in provoking in bringing forward policy changes, driven by exchanges of good practice, in areas such as - based funding of public research R&D tax incentives, open science, performance - operability of national research and innovation programmes. ions and the inter organisat 42 Including notably the European Charter for researchers, the code of conduct for the recruitment of researchers, EURAXESS and RESAVER Pension Fund. 167 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

168 formal and informal science - all types of formal, non Citizen science, supporting – engagement of citizens, ensuring a more effective and responsible education, regardless design of research and innovation agenda in the co - of age, background or abilities, settings and policy, in the co - creation of scientific content and innovation through transdisciplinary activities; and as well as other forms of diversity Supporting and monitoring gender equality – in the scientific careers and in decision making, including in advisory bodies , as well as integration of the gender dimension in research and innovation content; – Ethics and integrity, to further develop a coherent EU framework in adherence with the , the highest ethics standards and the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity ean Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Europ Researchers, providing the training opportunities in these areas ; - – regional Supporting international cooperation through bilateral, multilateral and bi policy dialogues with third countries, regions and international fora will facilitate mutual learning and priority setting, promote reciprocal access and monitor impact of cooperation; Scientific input to other policies, through the creation and maintenance of advisory and – monitori ng structures and processes to ensure that EU policy - making is based on the level scientific advice; - best available scientific evidence and high EU research and innovation programme implementation, including the collection and – e monitoring, evaluation, design and impact assessment of the analysis of evidence for th Framework Programmes; REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 168 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

169 alia through regular meetings before calls, - Commission will ensure support for NCPs inter The - national ting trans training , coaching, strengthening dedicated support structures and facilita cooperation among them (e.g. building on activities of National Contact Points in previous . Framework Programmes) The Commission will develop minimum standards, in agreement with Member States representatives, for the operation of these support structures, including their role, structure, modalities, flow of information from the Commission before calls for proposals, and avoidance of conflicts of interest; ledge, Dissemination and exploitation of research and innovation results, data and know – including through dedicated support to beneficiaries; fostering synergies with other programmes; targeted communication activities to raise the awareness of the EU broader impact and relevance of EU funded research and innovation, as well as science communication. 169 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ECOMP.3.C. ANNEX EN

170 ANNEX II Programme Committee configurations List of configurations of the Programme Committee in accordance with Article 12(2): 1. Strategic configuration: Strategic overview of the implementation of the whole the individual work programmes of the different parts of the programme, coherence across programme, including missions 2. European Research Council (ERC) 2a. Marie Skłodowska - Curie Actions (MSCA) Research Infrastructures 3. Health 4. Culture, creativity and Inclusive Society 5. C 6. ivil Security for Society 6. Digital, Industry and Space Climate, Energy and Mobility 7. Food, Bioeconomy, Natural Resources, Agriculture and Environment 8. The European Innovation Council (EIC) and European Innovation ecosystems 9. participation and strengthening the European Research Area Widening 9a. hoc meetings could be organised within the clusters and/or with different Programme - Ad Committee configurations and/or with Committees established by other acts on horizontal and/or cutting i - cross ssues, such as space and mobility. REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 170 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

171 ANNEX III Information to be provided by the Commission in accordance with Article 12(6) Information on individual projects, enabling the monitoring of the entire lifetime of each 1. proposal, covering in particular: submitted proposals, — evaluation results for each proposal, — — grant agreements, terminated projects in accordance with Article 29(2) and (3) and Article 43(11) of the — Regulation (Horizon Europe) completed projects. — 2. Information on the outco me of each call and project implementation, covering in particular: results of each call, — scores of proposals and deviations from these in their ranking list, based on evaluation — including the their contribution to the achievement of specific policy objectives, constitution of a consistent portfolio of projects in accordance with Article 26(2) of the Regulation (Horizon Europe), adjustments requested — to the proposals in accordance with Article 26(2) of the Regulation (Horizon Europe), of negotiations on grant agreements, outcome — 171 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ANNEX ECOMP.3.C. EN

172 project implementation, including payment data and outcome of projects, — — proposals retained by independent experts evaluation, but rejected by the Commission rizon Europe). in accordance with Article 43(7) of the Regulation (Ho 3. , including relevant information at the level of the Information on programme implementation framework programme, the specific programme, each specific objective and related themes and the JRC, mpact pathways defined in Annex V as part of the annual monitoring along the i to the Regulation, as well as the synergies with other relevant Union programmes. 4. Information on the execution of the Horizon Europe budget, including information on COST, on commitments and payments for all European Partnerships, including KICs, as well as financial balances between the EU and all associated countries . 172 REV 1 MI/SD/CF/MG/lv 7911/1/19 ECOMP.3.C. ANNEX EN

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