NRDC: Game Changer How the Sports Industry Is Saving the Environment (PDF)


1 SePtember 2012 rEpor N R DC T r:12-08-A Game ChanGer how the SPortS induStry iS Saving the environment Preface Major League Baseball Commissioner Allan H. (Bud) Selig afterword Martin Tull, Executive Director, Green Sports Alliance al authorS PrinciP Project director reSearch aSSiStant contributing author Allen Hershkowitz, ph.D. Johanna Lewis Jessica Esposito Alice Henly Allen Hershkowitz Natural Resources Natural Resources Senior Scientist Darby Hoover Defense Council Natural Resources Defense Council Defense Council Natural Resources Defense Council Co-Founder, Green Sports Alliance

2 acknowledgments Many people contributed to the success of this work. The Natural Resources Defense Council and the authors would like to acknowledge the Wendy and John Neu Family Foundation, The Merck Family Fund, Jenny Russell, Fred Stanback, Beyond Sport, Frances Beinecke, John Adams, Robert Redford, Bob Fisher, Wendy Neu, Josie Merck, Alan Horn, Peter Morton, Laurie David, George Woodwell, Jonathan F.P. Rose, Dan Tishman, Peter Lehner, Phil Gutis, Alexandra Kennaugh, Jenny Powers, Lisa Goffredi, Daniel Hinerfeld, Jack Murray, Robert Ferguson, Nikki Verhoff, Mark Izeman, Eric Goldstein, Kate Sinding, Rich Schrader, Joel Reynolds, Ralph Cavanagh, Jonathan Kaplan, Dana Gunders, David Pettit, Adriano Martinez, Lynne Shevlin, Lisa Busch, Josh Mogerman, Liz Heyd, Amrita Batra, Carlita Salazar, Justin Courter, Dylan Gasperik, John Cavanagh, Martin Tull, Sara Hoversten, David Muller, Jason Twill, Lisa Jackson, Stephanie Owens, Peter Murchie, Val Fishman, Kayla Walker, Tiffany Meyer, Margie Gardner, Patrick Nye, Allan H. (Bud) Selig, John McHale, Tim Brosnan, Scott Jenkins, Mike Morris, Neil Boland, Sarah Leer, Paul Hanlon, Kate Gibson, Jacqueline Parkes, Bob Nutting, Dennis DaPra, Jeff Podobnik, Sissy Burkhart, Larry Lucchino, Jonathan Gilula, Katie Haas, Kathleen Harrington, Joe Abernathy, Brad Mohr, Joe Myhra, John McEvoy, Gary Glawe, Dave Horsman, Mary Ann Gettis, Andrea Carter, Alison Sawyer, Alfonso Felder, Jorge Costa, Shana Daum, David Montgomery, Lara Potter, Stan Kasten, George Valerga, Linda Pantell, David Stern, Adam Silver, Kathleen Behrens, Lisa Quinn, Alexandra Olsen, Erin Schnieders, Maggie Carter, Justin Zeulner, Steve Scott, Jackie Ventura, Lorrie-Ann Diaz, Charles Freeman, Greg Poole, Scott Manley, Ken Sheirr, Sarah Joseph, Tad Brown, Hai Duong, Nelson Luis, Barry Henson, Jennifer Carlson, Gary Bettman, Bernadette Mansur, Craig Harnett, Mike Richter, Paul LaCaruba, Omar Mitchell, Bryan Leslie, Xavier Luydlin, Angelo Ruffolo, Michael Doyle, Brian Magness, Gordon Smith, Lauren Kittelstad, Billie Jean King, Ilana Kloss, Venus Williams, Bob Bryan, Mike Bryan, Anna Isaacson, David Krichavsky, Darryl Benge, Ovie Mughelli, Don Smolenski, Jan Greenberg, Katie Proudman, Katie Pandolfo, Jennifer Regan, Michael Roth, Bill Pottorff, Samuel Kropp, Michael Lynch, Brandon Igdalsky, Robin Raj, Joe Khirallah, David Van’t Hof and Dale Clearwater. The Green Sports Alliance would like to thank our members, the Bullitt Foundation, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Natural Resources Defense Council and the many other partner and sponsor organizations that provide technical assistance and funding to support the mission of the Alliance and enable our success. For more information about greening sports, visit or Download this report at about nrdc NRDC (Natural Resources Defense Council) is a national nonprofit environmental organization with more than 1.3 million members and online activists. Since 1970, our lawyers, scientists, and other environmental specialists have worked to protect the world’s natural resources, public health, and the environment. NRDC has offices in New York City, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Montana, and Beijing. Visit us at NRDC’s policy publications aim to inform and influence solutions to the world’s most pressing environmental and public health issues. For additional policy content, visit our online policy portal at about green Sports alliance Green Sports Alliance is a non-profit organization with a mission to help sports teams, venues and leagues enhance their environmental performance. Alliance members represent over 100 sports teams and venues from 13 different sports leagues. Please visit for additional information. NRDC Director of Communications: Phil Gutis NRDC Deputy Director of Communications: Lisa Goffredi NRDC Policy Publications Director: Alex Kennaugh Lead Editor: Alex Kennaugh Design and Production: Cover photo © Microgrid Solar © Natural Resources Defense Council 2012

3 This report is dedicated to Robert Redford, NRDC Trustee, and father of the sports greening movement.

4 “WHoEvEr WAnTS To knoW THE HEAr T AnD MinD of AMEriCA HAD BETTEr LEArn BASEBALL...” jacques barzun American historian

5 aving been honored to serve as the Commissioner of Major League Baseball since 1992, I have often said that our game is a social institution with enormous social responsibilities. H I still often marvel at the examples of Jackie Robinson, whose courage generated what remains our game’s proudest and most powerful moment, and Roberto Clemente, whose spirit of humanitarianism shines a light on the difference that one person can make for those in need. Forty years after Jackie Robinson and Roberto Clemente left us all too soon, their vibrant legacies continue to remind us of the impact that our game, as a common thread for so many, can have on important social issues. One of those issues is care for our environment. As an outdoor game played in fields, parks and backyards across the country and around the globe, our sport is closely aligned with the environment. I am proud that Major League Baseball has taken substantial action to do its part to protect it. In 2006, I was introduced to the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) by Bob Fisher, a principal partner of the Oakland Athletics and an NRDC trustee. MLB then began an alliance with NRDC to identify and promote best sustainable operating practices and to coordinate and share existing practices by the Clubs. Soon thereafter, Major League Baseball conducted a survey of all 30 of our Clubs, documenting the broad range of sound environmental practices that they have implemented in their communities. Guided by NRDC, Major League Baseball used the results to develop an environmental stewardship program—the first designed by a professional sports league. Since then, MLB has assembled operations guides tailored to each Club, incorporated environmentally sensitive practices into the World Series and All-Star Week, and created a software program to collect and analyze stadium operations data. These efforts have helped us formulate a series of best practices, which have reduced the environmental footprint of our 30 Clubs. In 2011, more than 73 million fans attended Major League games. In addition to recycling paper, cans and bottles at its 2,430 regular-season games each year, Major League Baseball has a significant global platform from which its fans can be educated about the importance of environmental stewardship. Our Clubs have helped instill in fans the practical steps they can take in order to make a difference. Collectively, the potential environmental reduction that can be achieved is meaningful. While there is more work to be done, it is my great hope that the work of Major League Baseball and its Clubs can stand as an example and inspire others to join in this vital effort. Major League Baseball pledges to continue to devote its time, energy, influence and resources toward making lasting contributions to our fans, their communities and our society as a whole. In my two decades as Commissioner, I have seen our sport take important strides forward on this essential issue. Environmental stewardship resonates with all of us who love baseball and seeing it played on green grass and under blue skies. As we strive to fulfill our social responsibilities, the national pastime will continue to protect our natural resources for future generations of baseball fans and set an example about which they can be proud. Major League Baseball Commissioner Allan H. (Bud) Selig How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 5 |

6 table of contentS executive Summary ... 7 10 chapter 1: why greening Sports matters ... chapter 2: the ecological basis underpinning the greening of Sports ... 12 18 nrDC and Sports Greening Timeline ... chapter 3: lessons from the field: case Studies of how jewel events, enues are going green ... leagues, t eams and v 20 Jewel Event Case Studies Major League Baseball All-Star Game ... 22 24 United States Tennis Association US open Tennis Championship ... 26 national Basketball Association All-Star Game and Green Week ... 29 national Hockey League All-Star Game, The Winter Classic and The nHL Draft ... 32 national Collegiate Athletic Association final four ... Team and Venue Case Studies 35 Lincoln financial field, Home of the philadelphia Eagles ... 40 AT&T park, Home of the San francisco Giants ... AmericanAirlines Arena, Home of the Miami HEAT ... 44 Safeco field, Home of the Seattle Mariners ... 49 STApLES Center, Home of the Los Angeles Clippers, Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles kinGS, and Los Angeles Sparks ... 55 ... rose Garden Arena, Home of the portland Trail Blazers 61 Bell Centre, Home of the Montreal Canadiens ... 65 progressive field, Home of the Cleveland indians ... 69 CenturyLink field, Home of the Seattle Seahawks and Sounders fC ... 73 Target field, Home of the Minnesota Twins ... 77 Amway Center, Home of the orlando Magic ... 81 Busch Stadium, Home of the St. Louis Cardinals ... 84 Air Canada Centre, Home of the Toronto Maple Leafs and raptors ... 88 Toyota Center, Home of the Houston rockets 93 ... philips Arena, Home of the Atlanta Hawks ... 98 Snapshots ... 101 Latest Green Building Leaders in professional Sports ... 107 chapter 4: recommendations for implementing a Successful Sports greening Program ... 112 afterword by martin t ull, executive director, green Sports alliance ... 116

7 executive Summary The professional sports industry includes some of the world’s most iconic, inspirational and influential organizations. In a cultural shift of historic proportions, the sports industry is now using its influence to advance ecological stewardship. North America’s professional leagues, teams and venues have collectively saved millions of dollars by shifting to more efficient, healthy and ecologically intelligent operations. At the same time, the sports greening movement has brought important environmental messages to millions of fans worldwide. Sport is a great unifier, transcending political, cultural, religious and socioeconomic barriers. It also wields a uniquely powerful influence, both cultural and economic, that provides much- needed leadership in sustainable practices and, in so doing, promotes a nonpolitical public commitment to environmental protection. ©Microgrid Solar This report provides a collection of never-before- assembled case studies of the sports industry’s most prominent and successful greening initiatives from across North America. In compiling this information, our goal is to celebrate the sports industry’s growing embrace of environmental stewardship as more and more sports leagues, teams and venues invest in energy efficiency, water conservation, recycling, renewable energy, safer chemicals and fan engagement focused on remedying some of our most pressing environmental problems. A principal objective of this report is to educate sports professionals, their supply chains and millions of fans about the business case for greening, from achieving cost savings and enhancing brands to developing new sponsorship opportunities and strengthening community ties. The sports greening success stories featured in this report provide valuable lessons for organizations of all types, whether they are involved with the sports industry or not, highlighting what teams, venues and league jewel events are doing to protect our planet and educate their fans. Each of the team and venue case studies includes four sections that help explain the greening process: (1) Why go green: what motivated teams and venues to start greening? (2) Where to start: how did teams and venues begin, who was involved, and which greening initiatives were investigated first? (3) Challenges overcome and ongoing: challenges teams and venues faced, tactics they used to meet these challenges, and hurdles they still face; and (4) Lessons from the field: important lessons from team and venue experiences as they implemented their green initiatives. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 7 |

8 Professional sPorts is Proving the Business Case of going green greening provides direct financial savings: In this report you will learn about the team that saved approximately H $1.5 million in utility costs (electricity, natural gas, water and sewer service) from 2006 to 2011 by reducing natural gas use by 60 percent, electricity use by 30 percent and water use by 25 percent. In this report you will also learn precisely how much it cost one major arena in the southeast to achieve LEED Certification. greening attracts sponsors: H In this report you will learn about the venue that saved $1.6 million in a single year due to its greening efforts; it also attracted about $1 million in new corporate sponsors that aligned with the greening efforts. greening provides competitive advantage to attract tenants and entertainment clients: This report includes a profile H of the venue where being environmentally conscious has significantly improved brand image and provided a point of market differentiation, which has attracted new clientele and corporate partners. For this venue, going green has provided a platform to attract entertainers who want to play in green venues. H greening enhances the fan experience: In this report you will learn about one team’s efforts to post recycling signs around its venue and provide recycling bags for tailgaters, an initiative that resonates so much with the community that fans roll up their sleeves to help hand out and fill up the recycling bags, which are later picked up by the team. H greening strengthens community ties: Aside from the operational benefits of going green, this report will tell you about the team that says it has received only positive feedback about its greening initiatives, including thousands of favorable media articles, local community achievement awards and immense fan applause, proving these efforts are worthwhile beyond the business case by representing the core values of the surrounding community. You will also learn about the largest public recycling event in the history of New York City, sponsored by Major League Baseball. H You will also learn about one team’s investment in onsite renewable energy, which greening builds local economic growth: not only directly benefits the environment but also contributes to local clean-tech jobs and helps to boost the local economy by stimulating the state’s clean-tech manufacturing industry. n Key findings from the case studies include these: All Jewel events, including the World Series, the Super Bowl, the Stanley Cup playoffs, the NBA Playoffs and Finals, n All Commissioners of professional sports leagues in the the MLS Cup, the US Open Tennis Championships and all United States have made commitments to environmental of the league All-Star Games, now incorporate greening stewardship and are actively encouraging the teams in initiatives into their planning and operations. their leagues to incorporate sustainable measures into their n operations. All leagues educate their fans about environmental issues, in particular the need to recycle and to reduce energy and n 15 professional North American stadiums or arenas have water use. achieved LEED green building design certifications, 18 have installed onsite solar arrays, and virtually all have developed Perhaps most important, millions of pounds of carbon or are developing recycling and/or composting programs. emissions have been avoided, millions of gallons of water have been saved, and millions of pounds of paper products n Among all sports leagues, Major League Baseball has the are being shifted toward recycled content or eliminated best-developed environmental data measurement program, altogether. followed by the National Hockey League and the National Certainly much work remains to be done, but it is Basketball Association. heartening to note that teams and leagues across North n Of the 126 professional sports teams in the five major America are implementing meaningful changes and professional North American leagues, 38 teams have shifted educating tens of millions of fans about environmental to renewable energy for at least some of their operations, and stewardship. Collegiate athletics, alongside minor leagues, 68 have energy efficiency programs. high school athletics and other organized youth sporting events, are the next frontier for the sports greening n All of the large sports concessionaires, that collectively movement. Many college athletics departments nationwide feed tens of millions of people each year, have developed have already undertaken impressive environmental environmentally preferable menus for at least some of their initiatives, from LEED-certified facilities and onsite solar offerings. arrays to recycling challenges between schools. Colleges are just beginning to tap into the enormous potential to benefit their bottom line and engage their huge communities of sports fans on issues of environmental stewardship. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 8 |

9 ©MLB photos/ Tim parker TenTial for unparalleled ouTreach s indusTry offers The po The sporT al To millions of fans and businesses via The screening of environmenT Ther forms of fan s (psas) and o public service announcemenT Te The sporT engagemenT . f or example, To da s greening psas Tha T nrdc crea Ted in parTnership wiTh The nba , The nhl, mlb and The usT a Ted 45 million people via broadcasT Television have reached an esTima and in-arena screenings. see These videos abouT The imporT ance of T al sTewardship a environmenT . This report is a celebration of the sports industry’s The motivation for sports to engage in greening is impressive environmental accomplishments to date, of the simple. The games we love today were born outdoors, and extraordinarily important work being done largely behind without clean air to breathe, clean water and a healthy the scenes, out of the spotlight. This document confirms that climate, sports would be impossible. In fact, nature is the going green is savvy business, enabling teams and venues to ultimate source of all economic value. No commerce or cut operating costs, strengthen corporate branding, attract culture is possible without clean air and water; fertile topsoil; sponsors and enhance the fan experience, while providing a chemically stable atmosphere; raw materials for food, many environmental benefits. Ideally, the practical examples energy and medicine; or the natural processing of waste and expert recommendations included in this report will by the millions of species inhabiting our soil, water and inspire many more sports teams, and the businesses that air. It is the availability of these wells of natural capital that service them, to follow their good example. The lessons makes sports and other types of human activities possible. from those who manage sports facilities will help us move Business leaders must devote the same level of effort to toward ecological stability, crucial for social and economic keeping this natural capital intact that they devote to more prosperity. Current and future generations depend on these traditional capital. The sports industry’s increasing demand efforts, and on the prospect that others the world over will for ecologically better products can help industrial leaders notice and emulate this industry’s inspiring greening work. understand and embrace that goal. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 9 |

10 chaPter 1: why greening SPortS matterS The sports industry’s growing embrace of energy efficiency, renewable energy, recycling, water conservation, safer chemicals and healthier food is educating millions of fans about the importance of protecting the environment and natural resources on which we all depend. Through their leadership on the field, court or rink, professional and collegiate sports—and their sponsors—are showing their many fans practical, cost-effective solutions to some of our planet's most dire ecological issues. Sports leagues, teams and venues are adopting international soccer’s World Cup competition. Now consider the value of mobilizing that combined influence to promote environmental practices to improve their operations and save money while using their unique cultural and economic greening. influence to demonstrate to thousands of businesses and Greening is the process of reviewing operations and procurement policies with an eye toward reducing millions of people how to be better environmental stewards. Yet, despite the impressive strides this industry is already environmental impacts. It is an ongoing enhancement process that all businesses need to engage in to advance taking to protect the environment, the sports greening sustainability. The ecological threats we face are real. We movement is just beginning. The potential is enormous have a narrowing window of opportunity in which to limit for professional sports to help move society toward more sustainable practices and lead our economy to a stronger the ecological damage we are causing, to reduce global warming impacts, to save our oceans and the fisheries they future. It goes without saying that sports are a hugely popular, support, and to protect biodiversity and our last remaining economically influential industry. And while team loyalties wild spaces. vary and sports management practices differ, there is one If the sustainable economy does not exist, then it needs to be built. Overwhelmingly it will be built by the private thing we can all agree on: Sports belong to no particular sector. Government, of course, has an irreplaceable role to political party. Consequently, perhaps no other industry is play in building the infrastructure needed for commerce better suited to confirm that environmental stewardship and culture. Government must also encourage ecologically has become a mainstream, nonpartisan issue. Hundreds intelligent private sector investments through incentives and of millions of people of all political, social, religious and economic backgrounds watch sporting events each year, and smart regulations. To date, however, government has failed to provide incentives and regulations that will adequately the global supply chain of the sports industry includes the largest and most influential corporations in the world. In fact, encourage sustainable investments at the scale needed. Indeed, most government incentives and regulations while only 13 percent of Americans say they follow science, 1 61 percent identify themselves as sports fans. continue to encourage and subsidize ecologically ignorant manufacturing. Consider how culturally influential sports can be: Jesse There is no single business undertaking or law that can Owens in 1936, debunking the Aryan supremacy myth. Billie solve our many ecological problems. Rather, it will require Jean King beating Bobby Riggs in the first female-versus-male countless contributions from every corner of society. professional tennis match, a big step toward pay equality. However small our day-to-day actions may seem, our Passage of Title IX, leading to financing for women’s athletics. collective purchases add up to meaningful regional and Muhammad Ali’s conscientious objection to the Vietnam War global impacts. Most individuals and businesses can do and his role as a spokesman for civil rights. Magic Johnson’s only relatively small things, whether it’s buying products openness about his HIV/AIDS infection, which helped to made with recycled content, purchasing renewable energy, destigmatize that illness. Jackie Robinson breaking the race driving a fuel-efficient car, or conserving water. What is clear, barrier in Major League Baseball. however, is that everyone has to do something to address the Consider as well the combined visibility and market ecological pressures we collectively face. And the many small influence of the Super Bowl; the World Series; hockey’s ecological initiatives being implemented throughout the Stanley Cup playoffs and Winter Classic; the NBA playoffs world of sports are adding up, offering us the hope that we and finals; the US Open Tennis Championships; the pro can turn current ecological trends around. basketball, baseball, hockey and soccer all-star games; and How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 10 |

11 HR in place HR in place ©MLB photos/Darrell Byers ©Sf Giants As of this writing, 15 professional stadiums or arenas Awareness is the first step in healing. A cultural shift have achieved LEED green building design certification, toward environmental awareness is required to effectively 18 have installed onsite solar arrays, and 68 have energy address the serious ecological problems we face as a planet. efficiency programs. Some 38 professional teams have shifted We need to change the way we think about our relationship to renewable energy for at least some of their operations. to the planet that gives us air to breathe and water to drink. Millions of pounds of carbon emissions have been avoided, Lessons from previous cultural shifts that have moved and millions of pounds of paper products have been shifted our society forward suggest that the change needed today toward recycled content or eliminated altogether. Recycling in our thinking about the environment will not be led by and composting programs have been or are being developed government. The Civil Rights Act did not become law because at virtually all professional stadiums and arenas. The large Congress led the way on race relations. The Vietnam War did sports concessionaires that collectively feed tens of millions not end because Congress led the way on defunding United of people each year have all developed environmentally States participation in that conflict. In each case, government preferable menus for at least some of their offerings. did not lead on the reforms needed to address these issues; Certainly much work remains to be done, but it is heartening it followed. Congress was forced to act by a cultural shift in to note that meaningful changes are being put into place public opinion. throughout sports and that tens of millions of fans are being The same is true about environmental stewardship. educated about environmental stewardship by teams and Clearly, government is not leading the way in addressing the leagues around the world. urgent issues of global climate disruption, biodiversity loss There is a reason some of the largest industries on earth and so many other ecological threats. We must encourage pay millions of dollars to affiliate with professional sports. government to respond to these threats, and in order to do They know that sports offer an effective way to influence the that, we need to promote a shift in how Americans view culture of the marketplace. All industries meet on a football their relationship to the planet. We need business leaders to field. The energy, water, chemical, auto, textile, plastics, and enhance how business is done, and cultural leaders to help food industries are all suppliers or sponsors of professional expand society’s expectations about sustainability. sports. The sports industry is among the largest economic To instigate this, few sectors can be as influential as the sectors in the United States, generating more than $400 sports industry. It is clear that bringing environmental 2 billion in economic activity annually. information to our cultural leaders is as important as bringing that information to our political leaders. Indeed, Sports can be a powerful engine for social change. Now, perhaps it is more important. Sports are the ultimate cultural environmental stewardship is starting to benefit from that unifier. If we want to change the world, we need to bond influence as teams and venues have begun to inform their through our common connections rather than emphasize fans about their commitment to environmental protection, our differences. even as they save millions of dollars by integrating environmentally progressive features into their facilities and operations, making their organizations more financially viable and ecologically responsible. endnoteS 1 13 percent of Americans following science closely: Sports followers: Marist institute for public opinion, “Marist poll,” Dec 15, 2011. $400 billion sports industry: plunkett’s Sports industry Almanac 2010, plunkett research Ltd. (2010) Accessed August 20. 2 Page 11 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

12 chaPter 2: the ecological baSiS underPinning the greening of SPortS To date, humanity’s chief involvement with the environment has been to exploit its great store of natural resources for short-term economic gain. People are now the greatest threat to life on earth and the future well-being of society, yet we are also the best candidates for dramatically improving our planet’s outlook. Promoting more sustainable development and consumption is a positive alternative to environmentally ignorant development and economically unsustainable growth. Most important, we need to eliminate the social and economic conditions that encourage individuals and industries to behave in environmentally disruptive ways. energy efficiency meaSureS and water efficiency meaSureS can helP Shore uP acceSS to Safe, freSh water Sourcing of renewable energy can helP curb climate change Desertification and water scarcity will rival sea level rise as one of the most serious consequences of climate disruption. Since the end of the Second World War, we have spewed In the United States, our fastest-growing regions—Arizona, about 1 trillion tons of global warming pollution into the 1 New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and Southern California—have atmosphere. Each day we are adding about 90 million tons become our driest, and freshwater shortages are a major of global warming pollution to our air. These emissions are concern: already affecting communities and ecosystems across the United States—and across the globe: n The flow of the Colorado River is at its lowest level since measurements began more than 90 years ago. (Thirty million n Some 24,000 heat records were broken across the United 2 people in seven states and parts of Mexico depend on the States in the first six months of 2012. Colorado River for water.) n Nine of the 10 hottest years ever recorded have been n 3 The level of water in the Lake Mead reservoir behind the experienced since 2000. Hoover Dam on the Colorado River, the largest reservoir in n The warmest spring on record since 1895, when the United States, has not been this low since 1937, when 4 temperature recordkeeping began, was in 2012. 5 it was being filled for the first time. The reservoir, which n Record droughts are ravaging the critical food-growing supplies virtually all the water used by Las Vegas, is more regions of our nation and the rest of the world. than half empty, will never be full again, and has a 50 percent 6 chance of running dry by 2021. Using clean, renewable energy is a matter of protecting public health, strengthening national security by reducing Access to safe, fresh water is a global concern. In southern our reliance on foreign energy sources and ensuring Spain, farmers and developers are so desperate for water that ecological stability. water siphoned from illegal wells is being sold on the black 7 market. In the developing world, almost 3 billion people, or about half of the world’s population, already live in areas of severe water stress, and an additional 1 billion people 8 are approaching that situation. Almost one-quarter of the world’s population, 1.6 billion people, face water shortages caused by a lack of necessary infrastructure to carry water 9 from rivers and aquifers. Sadly, the lack of safe drinking water and sanitation is the single largest cause of death in the 10 world, contributing to the deaths of 5 million people a year 11 and about 4,000 children every day. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 12 |

13 sadly, The lack of safe drinking wa Ter and saniT aTion is The single largesT cause of dea Th in The world, Th of conTribuTing T o The dea 5 million people a year and abouT 4,000 children every day. : “World Water Day 2005: 4,000 Children Die Each Source Day From a Lack of Safe Water.” UNICEF. UNICEF (20 March 2005). Accessed 23 July 2012. index_25637.html. than 90 percent of its original wetlands, New York has lost 60 The situation is expected to worsen. By 2025 half of the 15 percent, Florida more than 50 percent. The result is habitat planet, about 4 billion people, will live in areas experiencing loss and fragmentation, which has pushed many species, severe water stress, 1.3 billion will be living with moderate 12 such as the Florida panther, to the brink of extinction. water stress, and 866 million will face low-level water stress. We are not effectively protecting the diversity of life on By 2025 only 26 percent of the world population will be earth. Instead we are destroying a majority of the world’s living in areas with no water stress. According to the U.K. species, including some whose existence we may not even Meteorological Office, with no mitigation of climate change be aware of. In fact, biologist E. O. Wilson estimates that we the severe droughts that now occur once every 50 years may 13 are wiping out 1 species every 20 minutes, or about 70 per occur as often as every two years by 2100. 16 day. In the history of species extinction, this current period As the world population grows, water demand will of mass extinction is distinguished by the fact that people are increase for human consumption; for the cultivation of the principal cause. food, fiber and industrial crops; for bio-plastics; for livestock And this is occurring all over the world. Since 2006, the and fish; and for recreation. In fact, food and feed crop overall number of critically endangered species globally demand alone is expected to nearly double the demand for 14 has grown nearly 15 percent, reaching 3,427 species in water in the coming 50 years. By 2017 more than half of all 17 2010. Global mean species abundance is projected to agriculture will take place in the developing world, where 18 decrease by 10 percent from 2000 to 2030, including many countries are already water-stressed. Some of these tropical bird species, which are declining at rates far higher nations are unprepared to manage and regulate the growth than previously estimated. Before human impacts— in industrial agriculture they are already experiencing and essentially prior to 1800—the extinction rate for tropical the risks posed by widespread application of genetically birds was one for every 1 million species per year. Now modified seeds. there are 100 extinctions per million species per year. And if current deforestation trends continue, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) estimates that we could environmentally intelligent reach 1,500 extinctions per million species per year by the Production, Procurement, uSe and 19 end of the century. diSPoSal meaSureS can helP Stem habitat and biodiverSity loSS The biosphere is a narrow, 10-mile band of life that stretches an acre of weTlands is from about 5 miles above the surface of the earth to about 5 miles below the surface of the sea. It is the only place where desTroyed every minuTe in life has ever been discovered. One of the most daunting The uniTed sT aTes. challenges that we face in the 21st century is preserving the functional integrity of the biosphere—in other words, the ecological conditions that make life possible. Changing the sports industry supply chain—for instance, We are not effectively protecting the habitats that support by sourcing recycled paper products—can not only bring life on earth. Of all forms of habitat destruction, the most results in the sports sector but also create a ripple effect well consequential is the conversion of terrestrial green spaces. beyond sports, inspiring other sectors to make long-lasting Each year, in the United States alone, 3.2 million acres of changes to the ways they produce, secure and use natural open green space are paved over. This translates to an acre resources. of wetlands destroyed every minute. California has lost more How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 13 |

14 o The uniTed according T Tions, There are 46,000 na pieces of plasTic per square mile in The ocean. Because of underdeveloped recycling programs worldwide, waSte management meaSureS we are treating the oceans like sewers. According to the Such aS reduction and recycling United Nations, there are 46,000 pieces of plastic per square can helP conServe valuable mile in the ocean. In the Central Pacific, there are up to 21 reSourceS and curtail Pollution 6 pounds of litter to every pound of plankton. Marine biodiversity is vulnerable because of inadequate legal Streaming into our oceanS protections; according to UNEP, today’s commercial fisheries The need to reduce waste and increase recycling efforts is will collapse within 40 years “unless urgent action is taken to urgent. The United States produces between 14 billion and bring far more intelligent management to fisheries north and 16 billion tons of waste each year. This includes mining 22 south,” such as the creation of more marine preserves. wastes, coal ash, oil and gas industry wastes, agricultural waste, food processing residue, medical waste, municipal waste, nuclear waste, incinerator ash, cement kiln ash, and Smart P aPer Procurement PracticeS 20 so on. If we assume that the United States produces one- can helP cut down rateS of third of all the wastes generated on earth (which is probably an overestimate), then global waste might total 45 billion deforeStation tons annually from all sources—meaning that more than 450 The need to reduce paper use and move paper products to billion tons of waste will have to be managed globally over high post-consumer recycled content is urgent. In fact, the the next decade. timber-based pulp and paper industry may have contributed Raw materials that have been laboriously collected and to more global and local environmental problems than any processed at great ecological cost are routinely discarded as other industry in the world. Perhaps no industry has forced waste after a very brief use. For instance, toilet paper, some more species into extinction; destroyed more habitats; of which is made from rare forest trees, is discarded after less polluted as many streams, rivers, and lakes; and caused than five seconds of use. And yet, more than 90 percent of as many taxpayer dollars to be spent on wasteful and all toilet paper bought in the United States each year has no ecologically dangerous landfills and incinerators. recycled content in it. Products at the end of the consumer Only 10 percent of the world’s forests are managed chain that cannot be recycled, such as toilet paper, should according to some sort of certification program that not be made from primary fibers but from recycled fibers promotes sustainability, and illegal logging is rampant. instead. Page 14 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

15 For example, in Indonesia, 40 percent of all timber harvesting The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and in the biologically rich areas of the country is done illegally, Development (OECD) reports that the pulp and paper and 3 to 5 hectares of forest are lost to illegal logging every industry is one of the largest consumers of freshwater among 23 minute. its member nations. As recently as 10 years ago, 11 percent Some of this winds up as disposable paper of all water used by these nations went into making paper products, some as solid wood products used in homes 29 products. and offices. The pulp and paper industry is the third- or The practice of clearcutting severely undermines fourth-largest industrial emitter of global warming pollution the earth’s ability to store carbon dioxide (CO in industrialized countries, after the chemical and steel ), which 2 industries, and its CO exacerbates climate change. For the past 20 years, we have emissions are projected to increase by 2 30 been destroying tropical forests at a rate faster than one roughly 100 percent between 2000 and 2020. Of all the wood acre each second—and this pace of destruction continues harvested globally for industrial uses in 1999 (everything today. Consequently, more than half of the world’s tropical but fuel wood), 42 percent went to paper production, a 31 rainforests have been lost, and if current trends continue, less proportion that was expected to grow by 50 percent by 2050. 24 than 5 percent will remain by midcentury. The burning of forests in the Brazilian Amazon is by itself responsible for half of the world’s annual greenhouse gas emissions caused by Smart food Procurement meaSureS 25 deforestation. Moreover, the logging, burning, mining and can helP reduce food loSS farming of forests account for one-fifth of the world’s total Every year, Americans throw out more than 25 percent of all 26 carbon emissions from all sources. That is more than the the food available for consumption. All but about 2 percent 27 amount emitted by the entire United States from all sources of that waste winds up in landfills, where it causes methane and more than the amount generated by all of the world’s gas emissions. According to the Department of Agriculture, 28 cars, trucks, airplanes and buses combined. recovering just 5 percent of that food waste could feed 4 for The pasT 20 years, we have been desTroying Tropical T a ra s a foresT Te fasTer Than one acre each second—and This pace of desTrucTion conTinues Today. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 15 |

16 and mindlessly disrupting what ecologists call “ecosystem million people each day. Recovering 25 percent of it could 32 services”; that is, the myriad ways that organisms interact feed 20 million people each day. Sourcing food locally and with our environment to sustain all life on this planet, offering menu options that require fewer inputs will help including human life. And, too often, political debates reduce food loss and food waste. The large sports and strategies fail to steer us toward adequate ecological concessionaires that collectively feed tens of millions of remedies. people each year are increasingly giving unused food to The greening of sports, for all its anchoring in the prosaic food banks. That is a good start. details of day-to-day operations, is a profound response to the disavowal of humanity’s essential relationship to the natural environment. Sports communicate many things, with reaching out to the fan baSe can good health and the overcoming of difficult obstacles being helP SPur a cultural movement perhaps foremost among them. The sports industry’s embrace of environmental stewardship How logical it is, then, for this global industry to embrace is happening not a moment too soon—and is potentially the daunting challenges of protecting the health of our transformative if it can not only save resources of a $400 biosphere and the health of the billions of people who billion industry but also reach out to its supply chains depend on it. Some of the most notable and influential and fans. personalities in history have been athletes, beginning as far Human medicines, biomedical research, and the back as the first athletic competitions held in Olympia in production of food all depend on biodiversity. We are kept 776 BC, the precursor to our modern games. Today, some of alive by insects, bacteria, fungi, plankton, plants and other the brightest lights in sports are not those who star on the organisms, but that fundamental truth is lost to most of us. field, but those who operate the venues of sports and use its For too long we have acted as if we are totally independent glory and influence for a common good, for the protection of from nature, as if we could do without the life-giving nothing less than our global commons. services nature provides. As a consequence, we are casually endnoteS “Global fossil-fuel Carbon Emissions—Graphics.” . Carbon Dioxide information Analysis Center ( May 2012). 1 Global Fossil Fuel Carbon Emissions Accessed 16 July 2012. Enloe, Jesse. “U.S. records national oceanic and Atmospheric Administration national Climatic Data Center.“ 2 NOAA Satellite and Information Service (27 March 2012). Accessed 16 July 2012. 3 Cole, Steve, and Leslie McCarthy. “nASA finds 2011 ninth-Warmest Year on record.” nASA (19 January 2012). Accessed 16 July 2012. www. 4 Washington Post Associated press. “U.S. Science official Says More Extreme Events Convincing Many Americans Climate Change is real.” (6 July 2012). real/2012/07/06/gJQAHnZ5QW_story.html. 5 “Colorado river reservoir falls to Lowest Level Ever.” ClimateSignals (21 october 2010). Accessed 23 July 2012. colorado-river-reservoir-falls-to-lowest-level-ever/. 6 (18 october 2010). Barringer, felicity. “Lake Mead Hits record Low Level.” New York Times 7 rosenthal, Elizabeth. “in Spain, Water is a new Battleground.” New York Times (3 June 2008). 8 oECD. oECD Environmental outlook to 2030. (5 March 2008). pDf “Water Scarcity.” U.n. news Center. United nations (2009). Accessed 23 July 2012. 9 Page 16 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

17 10 “oECD Environmental outlook to 2030.” organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (oECD) (5 March 2008). “World Water Day 2005: 4,000 Children Die Each Day from a Lack of Safe Water.” UniCEf (20 March 2005). Accessed 23 July 2012. 11 12 “oECD Environmental outlook to 2030.” oECD (5 March 2008). 13 “number of Droughts Likely to increase Under Climate Change.” U.k. Meteorological office (26 May 2010). Accessed 23 July 2012. Cribb, Julian. “The Coming famine: risks and Solutions for Global food Scarcity.” Science Alert (17 April 2010). Accessed 23 July 2012. www. 14 15 National Wetlands Newsletter . Environmental Law institute (2010). 16 Gorke, Martin. The Death of Our Planet’s Species: A Challenge to Ecology and Ethics . Washington: island press (2003). 17 ersion 2012.1. “The iUCn red List of Threatened Species.”international Union for Conservation of nature (iUCn) (2012). v 18 “oECD Environmental outlook to 2030.” oECD (5 March 2008). 19 pimm, Stuart. “Human impacts on the rates of recent, present, and future Bird Extinctions.” Dissertation, Duke University (2006). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (July 18, 2006). Accessed 25 July 2012. 20 Waste Management, inc., and piper & Marbury. Waste Reduction: Policy and Practice . Wiley (1990) at pp. 10-17. 21 “Action Urged to Avoid Deep Trouble in the Deep Seas.” United nations Environment programme (UnEp), Environment for Development (16 June 2006). Accessed 23 July 2012. 22 , Environment for Development “Turning the Tide on falling fish Stocks—UnEp-Led Green Economy Charts Sustainable investment path.” UnEp (17 May 2010). Accessed 23 July 2012. 23 “oECD Environmental outlook to 2030.”oECD (5 March 2008). Selzer, Larry. “Certified forest products: A Great Choice for the Environment.” CnBC (22 october 2009). Accessed 23 July 2012. Hance, Jeremy. “illegal Logging Declining Worldwide, but Still ‘Major problem.’ ” Mongabay (15 July 2010). Accessed 23 July 2012. news.mongabay. com/2010/0715-hance_illegal_logging.html. “UnoDC Gears Up to Support the fight Against forest Crimes in indonesia.” United nations office on Drugs and Crime (UnoDC) (8 July 2010). Accessed 23 July 2012. 24 olsen, nathalie, and Joshua Bishop. “The financial Costs of rEDD: Evidence from Brazil and indonesia.” iUCn (2009). 25 Barrionuevo, Alexei. “Whose rain forest is This, Anyway?” New York Times (18 May 2008), Week in review, sec. 3. 26 “Guaraqueçaba Climate Action project.” The nature Conservancy (2 february 2011). Accessed 23 July 2012. southamerica/brazil/placesweprotect/guaraqueaba.xml. “Global Emissions.” U.S. Environmental protection Agency (2008). Accessed 23 July 2012. 27 28 Semple Jr., robert D. “40 Million Acres of rain forest for the Greenest Bidder.” New York Times (24 May 2008), p. A18. 29 “oECD Environmental outlook to 2030.”oECD (5 March 2008). Selzer, Larry. “Certified forest products: A Great Choice for the Environment.” CnBC (22 october 2009). Accessed 23 July 2012. Hance, Jeremy. “illegal Logging Declining Worldwide, but Still ‘Major problem.’ ” Mongabay (15 July 2010). Accessed 23 July 2012. news.mongabay. com/2010/0715-hance_illegal_logging.html. “UnoDC Gears Up to Support the fight Against forest Crimes in indonesia.” United nations office on Drugs and Crime (UnoDC) (8 July 2010). Accessed 23 July 2012. 30 “Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency.” rep: international Energy Agency (2008). Abramovitz, Janet n., Ashley T. Mattoon, and Jane A. peterson. “paper Cuts: recovering the paper Landscape.” Worldwatch institute (1999). 31 Martin, Andrew. “one Country’s Table Scraps, Another Country’s Meal.” 32 (18 May 2008), Week in review, sec. 3. New York Times How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 17 |

18 a home to eagleS giveS wingS to an idea: nrdc and SPortS greening in 2005, nrDC bypassed Washington and secured a groundbreaking agreement with the largest timber company in the Cumberland plateau bioregion that transformed the way southeastern forests are managed. irginia to Alabama, contains some of the last remaining islands of The Cumberland plateau, stretching from v intact native hardwood forests in the region. After grassroots groups asked nrDC to help preserve the plateau, we decided to use market pressure to change the way the paper industry does business. We researched ers. in support which mills got their raw materials from native forests and approached their largest consum of this initiative, the philadelphia Eagles football team, the Warner Music Group, and other buyers agreed to purchase paper from mills that use recycled fiber and do not convert natural forests to pine plantations. At the same time, nrDC mobilized its 1.3 million members to send messages to paper giant Bowater, the largest landowner on the plateau. The strategic combination of public and market pressure prompted Bowater to start talks with nrDC and by June 2005, the company agreed to stop clearcutting and converting hardwood forests and to stop buying pine fiber from forests converted after 2007. This victory, coupled with the initial work nrDC did to help green the home of the philadelphia Eagles and the important suggestion by nrDC Trustee robert redford to engage in sports, led to a new major initiative at nrDC—greening sports. 2003 The greening of Lincoln Financial Field, home of the Philadelphia Eagles football team, was started. It was the first green renovation focused on a professional sports stadium and it remains among the most advanced examples today. The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) served as a technical advisor on that initial sports greening project and helped develop a wide-ranging greening 2006-2007 initiative that went well beyond merely limiting carbon emissions. Within the first 18 months of the MLB This work set the stage for future sports facility greening and NRDC greening collaboration, templates. There was no precedent for this type of work, but the NRDC produced an online tool, The ecological impacts chosen as the project’s greening focus were NRDC Greening Advisor, which provided obvious: energy use, paper products, water use, waste generation, location-specific greening advice for the use of chemicals for cleaning, and the health and ecological each MLB team. attributes of the food. The initial greening work at Lincoln Financial 2007 Field incorporated the use of renewable energy, promoted recycling, instigated a shift to ecologically-superior paper products, FALL and included the first-ever sports fan education initiative about NRDC partnered with the National environmental stewardship. Basketball Association (NBA) to develop another excellent greening program supported by the league’s 2004 2005 Commissioner. JANUARY SEPTEMBER Building on the work At the suggestion of NRDC Trustee Robert Reford, NRDC became the nation’s principal at Lincoln Financial Field, NRDC developed environmental advisor to professional sports. NRDC’s team, led by Allen Hershkowitz, the first league-wide greening collaboration with Major League Baseball began providing in-depth guidance about (MLB) in 2005. To help spread the word about greener practices that reduce environmental MLB’s commitment to the environment, NRDC impacts, helping many stadium and arena produced the first sports greening public service operators, and teams and leagues, realize that going green is also smart business. announcement, which helped the league inform all team owners and stadium operators about the many benefits of stadium greening. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 18 |

19 2008 APRIL The NRDC Greening Advisor won the U.S. EPA’s 2008 Environmental Merit Award and has since been expanded as a free, comprehensive environmental resource that has been distributed by league Commissioners to stadium and arena operators from all teams and leagues. 2008 2010 ALL SPRING AND F NRDC joined in 2010 with Vulcan Inc., the corporation owned by NRDC and MLB work on greening the All-Star Game and World Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, to found the Green Sports Alliance Series for the first time, an effort which continues through today. (the Alliance) in order to broaden and deepen the mushrooming greening trend across North American sports. The Alliance was 2008 anchored by Mr. Allen’s three teams—the Seattle Seahawks, the Seattle Sounders, and the Portland Trail Blazers—as well as the SPRING AND F ALL Seattle Mariners, the Seattle Storm, and the Vancouver Canucks, NRDC was contacted by tennis legend Billie Jean representing six leagues. It was the first time that all the primary King who requested help with the greening of the major sports leagues came together into a single organization to US Open Tennis Championships, which take place advance a social cause. From those original six teams based in the at The Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Pacific Northwest, in less than 2 years the Alliance has grown into New York City. That led to the first-ever greening of a national collaboration of more than 100 teams and venues from the US Open in 2008. 13 leagues. Nothing else like the Alliance exists: this is an organization dedicated entirely to the promotion of ecologically intelligent 2008 practices in the world of sports. Through an annual conference, FALL webinars, and the dissemination of information about better NRDC became an environmental advisor to the National Football practices, the Alliance has evolved into one of the most influential League (NFL), encouraging that league to develop its green committee organizations in the world of sports greening. The Alliance has and data measurement related to its teams’ also formed partnerships with The Stadium Managers Association, environmental impacts. the International Association of Venue Managers, and the British Association for Sustainable Sport to integrate information about better greening practices into the work of those influential organizations. 2012 2009 The greening of professional sports is now one of the 2008 FALL most influential collaborations in the environmental FALL NRDC became the principal movement, and one of the most productive NGO Shortly thereafter NRDC began environmental advisor to Major collaborations in the world of sports. The NRDC Greening establishing a greening League Soccer (MLS) Advisor has been developed for all major professional program for the North American leagues. The NHL and the NBA have National Hockey joined the MLB in rolling out league-wide programs to League (NHL). measure their facilities’ energy and water use, waste generation and recycling, and paper use. And wherever measurement takes place, improvements follow. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 19 |

20 chaPter 3: leSSonS from the field: caSe StudieS of how jewel eventS, leagueS, teamS and venueS are going green This report, the first of its kind, assembles the experiences and advice of leading sports experts who are successfully greening their facilities and operations. The case studies included in this report were selected because of the breadth of their greening programs addressing energy and water efficiency, waste, procurement, transportation, food and fan engagement. Although the case studies represent a wide range of professional sports leagues, teams, venues and events across North America, this report does not purport to be a comprehensive list of sports sustainability initiatives in the United States, nor does it rank sports greening programs. Each of the 15 team and venue case studies includes Our hope is that these case studies serve as a basic framework four sections that help explain the greening process: for thinking about, planning and implementing sustainability efforts. 1. why go green? Profiles of five league-level jewel events include all-star The first section explains what motivated teams and games and major championships. Jewel events provide an venues to start greening. opportunity for leagues to advance innovative environmental initiatives, encourage technical innovation and offer the 2. where to Start? public messages about the importance of greening to the The second section explains how teams and venues league, to suppliers and to society more broadly. began their greening work, who was involved and which Jewel event greening is often able to build on, or at greening initiatives they investigated first. minimum simply support, greening at the venue level. For example, sometimes recycling bins or recycling volunteers 3. challengeS: thoSe overcome are added to supplement existing recycling efforts at a and ongoing particular facility for a jewel event; ideally, these changes The third section describes challenges teams and venues persist after the event is over. face, what tactics they used to overcome these challenges Greening jewel events has also resulted in legacies from and what problems they are still tackling. the event, both at the community level and at the league level. For example, at the community level, associated jewel 4. leSSonS from the field event activities can include building or refurbishing local The fourth section outlines important lessons from playgrounds or community centers, tree planting or other team and venue experiences as they implemented their neighborhood improvement projects. At the league level, green initiatives. benefits can include insights about how to improve the next Last, we also profile five emerging leaders in the year’s event, websites offering green tips for fans and public construction of green sports venues, which have recently service announcements that can continue to be aired after been LEED-certified or are currently pursuing LEED the event. certification. This spotlights a rapidly growing trend toward a system-wide approach to greening and efficiency. The case studies presented here offer a number of key takeaways. They provide strategies to help leagues, teams and venues decide why sustainability matters, who is responsible for it and how to go about implementing it. Although there is no single method for greening, the most successful greening operators in the sports industry use similar elements to implement an effective program (see Elements of an Effective Green Sports Program). How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 20 |

21 elements of an effeCtive green sPorts Program H Establish an internal Green Team leader supported by interested staff from the top to the bottom of your organization, and engage leadership as early as possible. H Engage your operational partners, vendors and community experts. H Set regular meetings for all stakeholders. Get a facility-wide audit to track your waste generation and your use of energy, water and paper and monitor data carefully. H H Identify resources available nationally and locally (both free and for hire). Learn from your peers’ green initiatives. H Write a green mission statement and set goals. H H Make a list of greening ideas, both short- and long-term. Prioritize initiatives on the basis of return-on-investment, ecological urgency, feasibility, sponsor support and fan interest. Develop a flexible implementation plan. H Establish a tracking system for measuring savings, progress and setbacks. H H After implementing your plan, translate successes into easily understandable sound-bites for staff, fans, sponsors and other stakeholders. ©MLS How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 21 |

22 major league baSeball all-Star game nrDC began work to green Major League Baseball’s “jewel events” starting with the 2008 mlb all-Star and related events in new York City, including game the All-Star Game red Carpet Show, the All-Star Concert in Central park and the All-Star Game itself at Yankee Stadium. MLB engaged fans at All-Star Game events with public The 2008 MLB All-Star Game Red Carpet Show featured service announcements that featured MLB players the longest and greenest red carpet in history, winding up encouraging attendees to recycle at Yankee Stadium and NYC’s Sixth Avenue, made from 100 percent recycled fiber handed out NRDC “eco-tips” wallet cards inside reusable content and manufactured using 100 percent renewable bags made from 80 percent post-consumer recycled content. energy from solar and wind sources. The 95,000 square foot Similar efforts have continued at subsequent MLB All-Star carpet was produced at Bentley Prince Street’s California Games, as well as at other MLB events like the World Series. manufacturing facility, which was the first in the country to Following are examples of environmental initiatives at All- receive a silver rating from the U.S. Green Building Council's Star Games held from 2008 to 2012: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Existing Buildings (LEED-EB). The carpet was also certified n as an environmentally preferable product by Scientific MLB offsets most of the energy used at All-Star energy: Certification Systems (SCS). Through Bentley Prince Street’s Games through purchases of Green-e certified RECs and/ manufacturing processes, MLB avoided the use of 6,300 or certified carbon offsets. The 2011 All-Star Game, held at pounds of fossil-fuel-derived fiber and 162,000 gallons of Chase Field in Phoenix, featured a solar pavilion that covers water during the carpet’s production. In addition, Bentley more than 17,000 square feet of the Chase Field plaza, which Prince Street also offset the carbon impact of the carpet by Chase Field and the Arizona Diamondbacks used to help purchasing 480,000 pounds of Green-e certified emissions educate fans about solar energy. In anticipation of the 2012 reduction credits. After the parade, Bentley Prince Street All-Star Game in Kansas City, the Royals and KCP&L installed collected the carpet for recycling through its ReEntry 2.0 120 solar panels on either side of the CrownVision scoreboard carpet reclamation program, avoiding landfill disposal for in Kauffman Stadium; this renovation now represents the 45,000 pounds of carpet. largest in-stadium solar array in any MLB facility. Recycling programs were incorporated into all 2008 MLB n All-Star events. NRDC “Green Team” volunteers also collected MLB “Green Teams” collect recycling/comPoSt: more than 100,000 plastic bottles at the Bon Jovi All-Star recyclable cups and bottles directly from fans during the Concert in Central Park, the largest public event recycling events at MLB All-Star Games, supplementing existing initiative in the history of New York City. recycling programs. For the 2011 All-Star Game at Chase Field All 2008 All-Star Game events—including FanFest, the in Phoenix, Arizona, 100 new recycling bins were installed at Home Run Derby, and the All-Star Game—were powered by the stadium for All-Star Week, and now reside permanently energy obtained from 100 percent renewable wind power. at Chase Field. Also in 2011, for the first time in the history This purchase of green power prevented an estimated 287 of All-Star Games, food waste and food-soiled paper were metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to collected for composting. The 2012 All-Star Game in Kansas the CO City continued the composting initiative, collecting organic emissions from the electricity use of 39.8 average 2 waste from food prep and suites for composting. American homes for one year. Vehicle travel in the All-Star Game Red Carpet Show and for MLB guests were offset by Green-e certified carbon offsets purchased from Bonneville Environmental Foundation. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 22 |

23 ©MLB n tranSPortation: MLB staff, as well as players and their families, rode in Chevy Flex Fuel vehicles during the 2008 MLB All-Star Week. Hybrid buses comprised part of the fleet of buses that shuttled fans to All-Star events. MLB All-Star FanFest volunteers at the 2011 All-Star Game in Phoenix received complimentary METRO light rail passes to encourage the use of public transportation. n Most paper products purchased for All-Star PaPer: events (including invitations, tickets, programs, etc.) include a minimum of 30 percent post-consumer recycled content, and tissue products in stadium restrooms are made from up to 100 percent post-consumer recycled content. Media guides are now available electronically. For the 2012 All-Star Game, the Kansas City Royals reduced paper use by creating an electronic media guide and transitioning to a digital n outreach: Online environmental messaging is also part ticket system. of MLB’s All-Star Game greening work. features a Team Greening section, which includes eco-tips and n food: All-Star Games have featured biobased and other information about what fans can do to reduce their compostable food serviceware, including concessions environmental impact in conjunction with All-Star and other serviceware and cups distributed at MLB hospitality events. greening initiatives. MLB All-Star Games have featured PSAs At Chase Field, site of the 2011 All-Star Game, reusable promoting recycling and other ways for fans to be more “loyalty cups” were made available to season ticket holders. environmentally conscious, in-stadium signs, and messages Both Chase Field and Kauffman Stadium, host facility for the in the All-Star Game program. 2012 All-Star Game in Kansas City, collected used grease from all kitchens and concession stands to be recycled into biofuel. MLB All-Star Games have provided the league and host After several of the 2012 All-Star events, including the All-Star teams with an opportunity to showcase and expand on Game Gala and Pre-Game Celebration, unused prepared food greening work being done at All-Star Game-related facilities. was collected and donated to Harvesters. For example, Salt River Fields at Talking Stick, the Spring Training home of the Arizona Diamondbacks and Colorado n water: For the first time in 2012, MLB committed to Rockies, hosted the MLB All-Star Game Fantasy Camp offset the approximately 600,000 gallons of water consumed during the 2011 All-Star Week. The facility, which opened in the ballpark in the course of the All-Star events by in February 2011, was awarded LEED Gold Certification purchasing Water Restoration Credits from Bonneville for New Construction, and is the first sports training venue Environmental Foundation. The Water Restoration Credits to receive LEED Gold certification in the United States. To are used to restore water in depleted watersheds. Also in achieve this certification, the project incorporated numerous 2012, the Kansas City Royals partnered with Grundfos to sustainable elements, including orienting the stadium to improve the efficiency of the water fountains in Kauffman provide maximum shade, incorporating native vegetation, Stadium. minimizing stormwater runoff, and constructing parking lots that are covered with grass instead of asphalt, enabling them n MLB has led teams of volunteers at All-Star community: to serve as playing fields for the host community when they Games in using eco-friendly materials to complete projects are not needed for parking. for local communities, including refurbishing a number of Boys & Girls Clubs and a community garden, rehabilitating a veterans' home, and constructing playgrounds. These projects typically entail not only refurbishment with features like solar hot water heaters, Forest Stewardship Council certified wood, and low-flow plumbing fixtures, but also include educational components. For example, in 2009, MLB’s work with a Phoenix veterans' home included constructing a new onsite greenhouse for use by the facility’s cooking staff, as well as forming horticultural clubs to demonstrate and teach about sustainable food practices. game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment Page 23 |

24 united StateS tenniS aSSociation uS oPen tenniS chamPionShiP “our courts may be blue, but we’re thinking green.” That’s the environmental pledge of the United States Tennis Association (USTA), which hosts more than 700,000 fans each year during the two weeks of the US open Tennis Championships held at the USTA Billie Jean king national Tennis Center. “We are taking a big step with the home of the US Open USTA partnered with NRDC to launch its official greening becoming one of the first in the tennis community to take effort at the 2008 US Open, including the tournament’s significant action to positively impact the environment,” said first water bottle and aluminum can recycling program, Billie Jean King. “The US Open will serve as a springboard for and the greening program has continued to make strong other tennis events to declare their commitment and actions improvements at every Open since. to a greener approach to our sport.” “The commitment and expansion of the US Open Green One major innovation initiated at the 2008 US Open Initiatives will ensure that the world’s highest annually- was tennis ball can recycling. The cans are challenging to attended event is the most environmentally conscious,” said recycle, as they are made from three different types of plastic Jon Vegosen, chairman of the board and president, USTA, and polymers—a PET body, an LDPE lid, and a PVC label—and chairman of the US Open. “These environmental endeavors include a metal rim. NRDC identified a recycling partner, have kept the USTA, the US Open and tennis fans in the SIMS, who figured out how to cut the metal rim from the forefront of the global effort to preserve the environment.” plastic can and recycle each part of the cans. As a result, NRDC’s collaboration with USTA began in 2008, when the more than 16,000 Wilson tennis ball cans used at the tennis legend Billie Jean King reached out to NRDC’s tournament that year were collected and recycled for the sports greening team. The USTA National Tennis Center first time. in Queens, New York was renamed The Billie Jean King Other US Open environmental achievements have National Tennis Center in 2006, and since that time Ms. included: King has sought to assure that the facility is operated in an environmentally responsible way. The USTA commissioned n an environmental audit of the National Tennis Center that led 100 percent of the electricity consumed during energy: to the implementation of many changes, including adding the US Open is offset by the event’s energy provider with energy-efficient systems such as individually-controlled Green-e certified wind renewable energy certificates. IBM, temperature zones and variable frequency drives, which have which powers, switched to using only six reduced the amount of energy used by 168,000 kWh per year servers in 2010, down from 60 in 2008; this change (and (representing an annual savings of $34,000 and a reduction of accompanying reduction in required floor space) reduced the 70 metric tons of CO energy consumption required by IBM for the US Open by 40 per year). 2 percent, and reduced cooling demand by 48 percent. By 2011, other improvements at the Billie Jean King National Tennis Center included court surfaces made from n 17 percent post-industrial recycled content (that required recycling/comPoSt: A plastic and aluminum can 57 percent less energy to produce than traditional surfaces); recycling program was implemented in 2008 with more than ultra-low-flow faucets that reduced water flow by 75 percent; 80 new recycling receptacles (provided by Evian) placed and energy-efficient lighting and refrigerator upgrades in throughout the center grounds; as a result, the USTA diverted the Players Lounge (reducing energy consumption by 50,000 85 tons of waste from its waste stream in 2008, avoiding over kWh/year). 260 tons of greenhouse gas emissions. Recycling receptacles now cover the National Tennis Center grounds on a one- to-one ratio with waste receptacles. The Open continues to add to its recycling and composting initiatives, with How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 24 |

25 programs launched in 2011 that include metal tennis ball can top recycling, and composting in kitchens and the Food Village dining area. In addition to collecting organic waste from kitchens and restaurants for composting, cooking oil is recovered for conversion into biodiesel fuel. The Open’s landfill diversion rate increased by almost 30 percent in 2011 from 2010, with over 200 tons of waste diverted from landfill. n reuSe: 70,000 tennis balls used during the matches and practices at each Open are reused by USTA tennis programs or donated to community and youth organizations throughout the country. n food: Levy Restaurants provides ecologically preferable paper products made from post-consumer recycled paper, switching 2.4 million virgin paper napkins to 100 percent post-consumer content in 2008. In addition, through its partnership with Levy, the US Open’s local and organic food offerings represented 34 percent of the menu in 2011, with expanded use of organic produce and meats from local farms, paper, as well as directing them to for more and all food serviceware in the Food Village was compostable. information. Two additional Green USTA PSAs produced in 2010 feature Alec Baldwin. NRDC’s Eco-Tips reminding fans n PaPer: In 2008, the USTA switched the paper it used for to reduce, reuse, and recycle are promoted in the US Open game day drawsheets to 100 percent post-consumer recycled Daily Draw-Sheet, at, and in voice content, and in so doing saved 2,123 gallons of wastewater announcements heard throughout the grounds. Over 100,000 and avoided generating 441 pounds of CO -equivalent 2 wallet-sized NRDC eco-tips cards were distributed to 2008 greenhouse gases and 129 pounds of solid waste. Currently, US Open attendees, directing fans to In 2011, all paper products used on the grounds, including tickets, the USTA began posting these tips through its social media maps, tournament guides, restaurant passes, parking flyers, channels. and napkins, include at least 30 percent post-consumer content. Many printed materials (program, drawsheet, etc.) n merchandiSe: Green products featured as part of the are printed on paper certified by the Forest Stewardship overall US Open Collection of merchandise have included Council. All paper towel dispensers have been replaced with 100 percent organic cotton t-shirts (designed by Heidi Klum motion-sensor dispensers. and Billie Jean King), hats comprised of 50 percent post- consumer plastic (each hat containing the equivalent of two n tranSit: The USTA encourages US Open fans to use one-liter recycled plastic bottles), cinch backpacks (each public transportation during the tournament, including containing the equivalent of six recycled plastic bottles), a program first funded by NRDC and now supported by and reusable totes made from 80 percent post-consumer Esurance that distributes over 2000 metro cards to attendees, content. A portion of the proceeds from the US Open organic and through US Open-specific MTA advertisements urging collection was donated to Unisphere, Inc., the non-profit fans to take the subway to the USTA Billie Jean King National organization dedicated to maintaining and preserving Tennis Center. In 2011, 60 percent of fans took mass transit to Flushing Meadows Corona Park, home of the US Open. the US Open, up from 32 percent in 2000. “The USTA is committed to reduce its ecological impact n outreach: NRDC produced environmentally- and continuously seeks new ways to be at the forefront of educational PSAs featuring Venus Williams, Billie Jean the global effort to preserve the environment,” said Gordon King, and doubles champions Bob and Mike Bryan that Smith, executive director and chief operating officer, USTA. were shown throughout the grounds of the USTA Billie Jean “Our dedication to US Open’s greening efforts will create King National Tennis Center, including on the Arthur Ashe a lasting legacy for the environment, as well as encourage Stadium jumbotron, at the 2008 US Open (and at subsequent tennis fans from all over the world to be environmental USTA events). The PSAs educated fans and attendees about stewards.” the environmental benefits of recycling, taking mass transit, “If we just take small steps,” adds Billie Jean King, “it will buying local and organic food, and using recycled-content lead to big change.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 25 |

26 national baSketball aSSociation all-Star game and green week The nBA began working with nrDC’s sports greening project in 2007 to enhance the environmental profile of the league. nrDC and nBA launched the league’s greening initiative by creating an environmental policy statement that established the league’s goal to improve their environmental performance, and presented their sustainability initiative as an institutional priority. Soon after the launch of the league’s environmental “Through the NBA Green initiative, the league and its initiative, the “NBA Green” program was formed under the teams are taking steps to become a more environmentally NBA’s philanthropic NBA Cares program, and NRDC created responsible organization,” said NBA Commissioner David customized Greening Advisors that were distributed to all Stern. “With the NRDC's invaluable partnership, we have NBA teams and posted on the NBA’s HomeCourt intranet site. implemented recycling programs, installed energy- and These web-based advisors provide a comprehensive toolkit water-saving fixtures, encouraged the use of sustainable for teams and arenas to green their operations. supplies, and promoted the use of mass transit. We know In an effort to highlight their growing environmental there is more we can do, and we look forward to continuing initiatives and engage fans, sponsors, partners, and players, to work with the NRDC and our teams to help protect our the NBA held its first-ever NBA Green Week in April 2009 at all environment.” NBA arenas around the country. As with subsequent Green During the launch of the NBA’s green initiative, NRDC Weeks, the league held auctions to support environmental assisted the league with environmental assessments at their efforts, sponsored hands-on community service projects, and front offices and at the NBA Store in New York City. NRDC featured special on-court apparel. offered strategic advice to the NBA Store on improving their The inaugural 2009 Green Week also marked the launch procurement and operational practices, including waste of the NBA Green website at, including and paper reduction, better paper procurement, low-VOC NRDC green tips for home and office, videos and news about and environmentally friendly cleaning products and paints, team and player greening efforts, and links to resources an improved recycling program, and energy-efficiency such as NRDC’s Greening Advisor for NBA. In early 2012, the improvements. At NRDC’s suggestion, the NBA removed all NBA collaborated with NRDC to produce a public service plastic items containing the chemical BPA that might come announcement about the league’s greening initiative. This in contact with children. This NBA initiative was four years PSA was shown in all arenas and on broadcast TV, including before the U.S. FDA recommended removing BPA from ESPN, ABC-TV, TBS, and TNT, as well as NBA-TV, and was plastics. viewed by more than 17 million people. The PSA showcased Environmental features have also been incorporated NBA’s commitment to renewable energy, recycling, water into the NBA’s offices and staff events. For instance, the conservation, and reduced packaging. NBA plans to air this NBA’s company-wide picnic in June 2009 reduced the use of PSA each Green Week in the future, and possibly during its disposable utensils, recycled all aluminum cans and plastic All-Star Game and playoffs. bottles, and used 100 percent post-consumer recycled paper “One of the things we do well at the NBA is share products such as sandwich wrap, inner cartons and trays, information and best practices among all of our teams,” napkins, and shopping bags. said Kathy Behrens, executive vice president of social responsibility and player programs for the NBA. “We’re How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 26 |

27 Other NBA event greening initiatives have included: obviously incredibly competitive when it comes to the game and the action on the court. But off the court, we really focus n NRDC assisted in greening NBA’s EuropeLive tour in on the things that we can learn from each other, and a lot of October 2008, which featured NBA games in four countries what you see on the NBA Green website is really designed to in Europe. The 02 arenas being used in London and Berlin help educate our teams and fans.” were a showcase for sustainability, as they already had in The NBA continues to sponsor Green Week each year, place many environmental features. In London, this included working closely with NRDC to continuously improve the diversion of 100 percent of food waste for composting environmental attributes. and 100 percent of used cooking oil for biodiesel; advanced For example, the NBA engages in a number of recycling programs for glass, plastic, paper, and cardboard, environmental messaging initiatives. The league’s official which diverted 60 percent of all waste from landfills; a outfitter, adidas, has provided All-Star players with shirts rainwater catchment and recycling system and other water featuring the NBA Green logo and made from 50 percent conservation measures; enhanced transportation options recycled polyester. During nationally broadcast games that enabled 75 percent of attendees to take mass transit; throughout Green Week, players also wore NBA Green and energy-efficient lighting, HVAC equipment, and building headbands, wristbands, and socks made from 45 percent structure. organic cotton. held an online auction of Spalding n NRDC began its NBA All-Star Game greening collaboration basketballs incorporating 40 percent recycled content and at the 2008 NBA All-Star Game in New Orleans by arranging autographed by NBA players. The NBA Store,, for an energy audit of the New Orleans Arena and adjacent and select team retailers also offered organic cotton NBA Louisiana Superdome and Convention Center. NRDC Green t-shirts, hats, socks, headbands, and wristbands for helped the NBA to improve the existing recycling program purchase, along with recycled-content Spalding basketballs. at the arena to include plastic bottles and aluminum cans, Each of the league’s 30 teams hosts Green Week to procure 100 percent recycled content bathroom tissue at community service events such as tree plantings, recycling the arena, and to provide hybrid cars for staff transportation drives, and park clean-up days to encourage fans to get during the event. involved in the league’s greening initiative. Teams have also hosted in-arena Go Green Awareness Nights, including n The 2009 All-Star Game in Phoenix provided the US promotions of “greener living” tips and auctions to support Airways Center with a chance to showcase their newly environmental protection organizations. installed solar power system. The 1,100-panel solar array, “Thanks to great guidance from the NRDC, the NBA spanning 18,000 square feet atop a parking garage at the and our teams continue to implement new measures to arena, is capable of generating approximately 332 MW of reduce energy consumption and waste throughout all of energy annually. That’s enough energy to power the US our business areas,” said Kathy Behrens. “NBA Green Week Airways Center for 26 Suns home games—the equivalent highlights the importance of environmental protection while of eliminating the release of 44,000 pounds of carbon encouraging fans to do their part by incorporating green dioxide each year. The NBA also purchased Green-e certified habits into their daily lives.” windpower RECs from Arizona Public Service, the US Airways , In 2010, league partner HP worked with the Miami HEAT Center’s utility, to offset the equivalent of 1,500 megawatt the Houston Rockets, and the Dallas Mavericks on special hours of power used at the 2009 All-Star Game. Additionally, service projects throughout NBA Green Week, including the NBA purchased carbon offsets for all generator use at US a beach clean-up event, and refurbishing homes with Airways Center during the All-Star Game, and for the All-Star Rebuilding Together. Game Jam Session and NBA Block Party. Also during the 2010 NBA Green Week, the NBA Store n The 2009 All-Star Game also incorporated comprehensive in New York City hosted a footwear drive to collect slightly recycling and waste reduction efforts. An expanded recycling worn athletic shoes for donation to Hoops 4 Hope, a global program was implemented at US Airways Center, NBA All- nonprofit organization teaching life skills through basketball Star Jam Session, the NBA All-Star Block Party, the Phoenix to youth in southern Africa. Customers who brought in shoes Convention Center, and Heritage Square (during the NBA received a 20 percent discount on purchases of new athletic welcome party) for plastic bottles and aluminum cans. shoes. Recycling PSAs were aired in US Airways Center and at the During the 2011 NBA Green Week, the NBA and Sprint Jam Session and NBA Block Party to remind all attendees to launched a Facebook application called “Unlimited Acts of recycle their cans and bottles at all events. Green,” designed to help fans make greener choices in their n The 2009 All-Star Game also encouraged and promoted daily lives. The app included a list of green acts for fans to public transportation options with maps, schedules and select from, including cell phone recycling, and displayed information provided through the Jam Session website. Paper the resulting environmental benefits associated with all fan products, including Jam Session brochures, credentials, office pledges, including amounts of greenhouse gases, electricity, copy paper, media guides, and tickets, were printed using soy and water saved. inks on paper with post-consumer recycled content that was manufactured using windpower. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 27 |

28 Subsequent All-Star Games have continued to expand In addition, the NBA has partnered with host cities and on these positive environmental initiatives, incorporating recycling organizations, as well as companies such as Sprint, individual measures appropriate to each venue. Some to conduct electronics recycling drives in conjunction with additional examples of NBA All-Star Game successes include: All-Star Games and Green Week. The NBA and its partner organizations encourage fans to bring electronics nearing n Ongoing purchase of renewable energy credits and carbon their end of life to their e-recycling events, where they are offsets to balance power consumed at the All-Star Games. recycled responsibly by e-Steward certified organizations. n Expanding recycling services in facilities used in All-Star Fans dropping off electronics for recycling receive prizes such events. as tickets to NBA All-Star Jam Session, a four-day interactive basketball event featuring more than 500,000 square feet of n Avoiding potentially harmful polyvinyl chloride (PVC) NBA All-Star entertainment. During the NBA All-Star Games plastics in producing banners. 2012 in Orlando, the NBA and Sprint collected 23,000 pounds n Showcasing the use of an electric vehicle used for Jam Van, of used electronics for recycling. with solar panels powering interior accessories. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 28 |

29 national hockey league all-Star game, the winter claSSic and the nhl draft As part of its commitment to environmental stewardship, the national Hockey League joined forces with nrDC on sustainability initiatives in 2008, when nrDC assembled an nHL Greening Advisor for each team in the league. The nrDC Greening Advisor for the nHL, like those produced by nrDC for other leagues and organizations, is a web-based resource that offers environmental guidance and strategies to promote more sustainable practices for nHL team and arena operations. Starting in the 2010-11 season, the NHL established a “Most of our players learned to skate on outdoor rinks,” league-wide initiative to work with Rock and Wrap It Up! to says NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman. “For that magnificent donate unused prepared food. All 30 NHL teams committed tradition to continue through future generations we need to pack up all prepared but unsold concession food on game winter weather—and, as a league, we are uniquely positioned nights for redistribution to local shelters and other places to promote that message. We are thrilled to be able to work that serve people in need. Over the course of the initiative’s with the NRDC and to draw upon its vast experience and first full season, NHL clubs provided 163,000 meals to expertise in greening league events and league and club people in need and diverted 105 tons of food from landfills operations." and incinerators across North America. This effort earned In January 2010, with support from NRDC, the NHL each of NHL’s four Midwestern clubs the U.S. EPA’s Region formally launched “NHL Green,” an initiative designed to 5 Environmental Quality Award for its participation in the enhance the league’s ecological profile while educating fans agency’s WasteWise Food Recovery Challenge. Four NHL about environmental issues. The league simultaneously Clubs in EPA Region 2 won that region’s EPA Environmental launched its NHL Green website (, which Quality Award, and the Boston Bruins received EPA Region features news stories and videos highlighting current league 1’s Environmental Merit Award, all for their food diversion and team greening efforts, NRDC-generated green tips for work with Rock and Wrap It Up! According to the U.S. EPA, fans, and links to websites providing additional information the NHL reduced greenhouse gas emissions by the equivalent and resources. NHL Green offers information to clubs and of 79 metric tons of carbon dioxide through this initiative. facilities on efficient and cost-effective environmental As of May 2012, the league-wide food recovery program practices. had diverted more than 200 tons of waste from landfills and The NHL’s commitment to environmental excellence incinerators and provided local shelters with more than and education has also been a focus of its jewel events. For 300,000 meals. example, following the 2010 NHL Winter Classic at Fenway In July 2011, the NHL was named to the Official Shortlist Park in Boston, the NHL hosted a panel discussion on for the 2011 Beyond Sport Awards as a finalist in both “Sustainable Success: Business and the Environment,” to the “Sport for the Environment” and “Federation of the discuss how environmental stewardship of the planet can Year” categories for its work in sustainability, primarily its be good for both business and the economy. The event was initiatives with food donation. In December 2011, the NHL moderated by New York Times columnist David Brooks and was officially awarded the 2011 “Sport for the Environment” featured Boston business leaders, academics, and NRDC Award. The NHL was also named to the Official Shortlist for Senior Scientist Allen Hershkowitz. the 2012 Beyond Sport Awards. In early 2012, the NHL collaborated with NRDC to produce a public service announcement about the league’s greening initiative. This PSA was shown in all arenas and on broadcast TV, including ESPN, ABC-TV, TBS, and TNT, as well as NHL- TV, and was viewed by more than 20 million people. Page 29 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

30 The NHL has also worked with NRDC to incorporate green The 2011 Winter Classic, held at Heinz Field in Pittsburgh, practices and procurement into numerous league events, included a variety of greening efforts, such as: including the 2010 NHL Draft, the 2011 Winter Classic, the n Purchasing Green-e certified carbon offsets for stadium 2011 All-Star Game, and the 2011 Stanley Cup Final. energy use; The 2010 NHL Draft was held in Los Angeles at STAPLES n Eliminating single-use plastic bags and replacing them Center, which boasts many sustainable features such as solar with 40,000 free reusable commemorative bags available at panels, waterless urinals, and a robust recycling program. merchandise stands; Additional environmental initiatives for the draft included: n Recycling all cardboard, bottles, and cans inside the n Purchasing Green-e certified carbon offsets for all venue stadium; energy use; n Coordinating the pickup and distribution of prepared but n Reducing transportation needs to the venue by hosting the unsold concession food as part of the Rock and Wrap It Up! majority of NHL personnel at hotels within walking distance Initiative; from STAPLES Center; n Installing recycling receptacles next to each trash can on n Eliminating most paper collateral from the event by streets surrounding Heinz Field to combat the usual amounts making Media Guides and Year-End Review packets available of game-day litter and offer an option for recycling (now a online only; and season-long initiative); n Printing tickets on recycled stock. n Collecting recyclables at tailgating parties; and n Offering free public transit passes by the Port Authority of Allegheny County (paid for by sponsor Pepsi MAX) to fans traveling to the game. ©francois Lacasse How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 30 |

31 At the 2011 Stanley Cup Finals, the league launched Additionally, the Winter Classic’s location in Pittsburgh the NHL Water Restoration Project, a water balancing helped draw attention to the Consol Energy Center, the new commitment focusing on the issue of freshwater scarcity home of the Pittsburgh Penguins and the first NHL arena to and its effect on fans, communities, and the game of hockey. achieve LEED Gold certification. This initiative seeks to reduce water consumption in NHL The 2011 All-Star Game, held at RBC Center (now PNC arenas while simultaneously helping to conserve and Arena) in Raleigh, North Carolina, incorporated many protect depleted watercourses in the Northwest through a environmental initiatives, including: partnership with Bonneville Environmental Foundation. n Purchasing carbon offsets for energy use at the stadium; (BEF is a not-for-profit organization co-founded by NRDC.) For the Stanley Cup Finals, the NHL purchased n Eliminating single-use plastic bags and replacing them Water Restoration Credits from Bonneville Environmental with free reusable commemorative bags at merchandise Foundation to balance the amount of water used during the stands; series at TD Garden (Vancouver) and Rogers Arena (Boston). n Robust recycling programs both inside and outside the The league’s purchases resulted in the restoration of more stadium, including tailgate recycling; than 1 million gallons of water to a critically dewatered n Donating unused prepared food to the Inter-Faith Food Oregon stream. Shuttle; Subsequently, the league purchased Water Restoration Credits to mitigate the 3.5 million gallons of water consumed n The headquarters hotel, Raleigh Marriott City Center, over the course of the 2012 Winter Classic in Philadelphia. donated unused toiletries, boxed lunches, packaged food, In early 2012, NHL Green introduced Gallons for Goals, and clothing to Raleigh Rescue Mission; and a second phase to the Water Restoration Project. For every n An All-Star Open Street Fair before the All-Star Game goal scored during the regular season, the league committed where corporate sponsors Honda and North Carolina State to restore 1,000 gallons of water to a critically dewatered University hosted sustainability booths and educated fans river in the Northwest. As a result of this commitment, the about their recent environmental initiatives. NHL announced in April 2012 that, with 6,700 goals having been scored that season, the league replenished more than ©Canadiens 6.7 million gallons of water to this watercourse. The league pledged to continue the Water Restoration Project with the water consumed at the 2012 Stanley Cup Finals. The NHL also committed to purchasing renewable energy certificates (RECs) and carbon offsets to balance the carbon emissions resulting from arena electricity consumption and team air travel for all games in the 2012 Stanley Cup Playoffs. The league purchased 9.8 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of Green-e Energy certified RECs (from U.S. wind projects) and 97 metric tons of carbon offsets from projects authenticated by the Verified Carbon Standard or the Climate Action Reserve. In addition, the league mitigated its 2012 electricity use (estimated at 1.5 million kWh) at its New York City headquarters through this initiative. In total, the RECs and carbon offsets purchased by the NHL in 2012 for the Stanley Cup Playoffs and league headquarters reduced carbon dioxide emissions by more than 15 million pounds, equivalent to taking approximately 1,310 cars off U.S. roads for one year. Through these purchases of RECs and carbon offsets, the NHL became the first professional sports league to join the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Green Power Partnership, a voluntary program that encourages organizations to buy green power as a way to reduce the environmental impacts associated with purchased electricity use. Page 31 game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment |

32 national collegiate a thletic aSSociation final four for the first time in the history of the nCAA final four, a sustainability committee was formed in 2011 to integrate ecologically intelligent practices into the event’s planning and production. The natural resources Defense Council (nrDC) was asked to join as a founding member of the nCAA final four Sustainability Committee, teaming up with LG Electronics, Waste Management, reliant park, the City of Houston and the George r. Brown Convention Center. At the Reliant Stadium, carbon offsets into wind and The Committee began work on the environmental features solar power projects were purchased from the Bonneville of the event more than nine months in advance. Conference Environmental Foundation, resulting in avoided global calls among all the members were held weekly, and during warming emissions totaling 210 U.S. tons in CO2 equivalents, each call a particular environmental feature was assessed representing about 509,000 auto miles. and action items to reduce impacts were assigned to the appropriate team member. n The first action of the Final Four Sustainability Committee Green-e Certified Carbon offsets were tranSPortation: was the commissioning of a Sustainability Performance also purchased through to offset bus travel Assessment to gauge current sustainability practices at the between hotels, venues, and Reliant Stadium. To reduce facilities and identify opportunities for improvement. This idling time, buses were asked to shut down if there was a wait assessment was used to develop the baseline data against of ten minutes or longer. which the NCAA Final Four Sustainability Committee n measured its achievements. waSte/recycling: Through the support of Waste In the NCAA, 400,000 student athletes participate in 89 Management Inc., Sustainability Partner of Bracket Town events each year, and millions follow NCAA events. Most of and The Big Dance Concert Series, the number of recycling the 145,000 fans at Reliant Stadium in 2011 probably noticed containers at Reliant Stadium was increased by nearly the 600 newly installed recycling bins and the Jumbotron 600, matching every trash can with a recycling bin. Those messages reminding people to recycle. They may have also recycling bins will remain at the stadium permanently. At realized their programs were made with post-consumer Bracket Town, more than 100 new recycling containers recycled content. were added around the stadium, and only plastic trash Green highlights of the 2011 NCAA Final Four events bags incorporating recycled content were purchased. Over included: the course of the weekend, the Final Four recycled nearly ten tons of materials, including cardboard, paper, bottles n energy: With support from the City of Houston, 100 and cans. percent of the energy used by George R. Brown Convention For the first time, Reliant Stadium started a food waste Center (Bracket Town) was supplied by renewable wind composting program for food preparation and food waste power. Emergency power systems at the facility are operated from suites, in two of their largest kitchens, and in four suite by energy from solar panels, and energy-efficient water kitchens during the Final Four. More than 25 containers pumps that use 60 percent less energy than the previous (donated by Norseman Environmental Products) were used pumps were installed. Water chillers at the facility provide in the back of the house to implement this program. The cold water to chill all walk-in refrigerators and freezers, program collected 0.87 tons of food waste. During the Final eliminating the need for individual refrigeration units, and Four weekend, George R. Brown Convention Center also powering onsite ice-makers that eliminate the need for collected between 1 to 1.5 tons of food waste from all catered trucking in ice. The Convention Center subsequently earned events and food preparations for composting. LEED Silver certification for Existing Buildings Operations and Maintenance. Page 32 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

33 To reduce paper use, the NCAA Final Four created a new Discovery Green, site of the Big Dance Concert Series, is a mobile cell phone application to help fans locate events, find LEED Gold-rated facility. More than 100 recycling containers restaurants and make reservations, among other functions. were distributed at Discovery Green to collect recyclables. Printed fan guides were also eliminated. Event schedules The program diverted 5.55 tons of recyclables. Coca-Cola, an were displayed on bus monitors, eliminating the need for official NCAA Corporate Champion, promoted recycling at printed copies. their Recycling Educational Exhibit. The Press Room recycled paper, bottles, and cans. n outreach: During the NCAA Final Four games, PSAs All special event buses had recycling containers. promoting recycling were played several times per game on the scoreboard, displaying the following message to 145,000 All hotels in the city-wide room block were encouraged fans: “The NCAA would like to remind you to recycle your to recycle and sustain their programs after the Final Four plastic bottles in the receptacles on the concourse. Let's all weekend. 79 percent of the hotels affiliated with the event act responsibly.” had some form of recycling program. The NCAA and the Houston Local Organizing Committee In March 2011, the NCAA, the Houston Final Four (HLOC) planted 68 native Mexican plum trees in Wiess Local Organizing Committee, Waste Management and LG Park, a local community park, representing the number of Electronics USA held an e-waste collection event at Reliant teams playing in the tournament. Houston-area residents Stadium, collecting more than 25,000 pounds of electronic participated in an educational ceremony alongside the waste to be disassembled and processed for recycling in the tree-planting event to demonstrate safe planting guidelines, United States. Leading up to the Final Four, Reliant Stadium and community volunteers planted power-line friendly also recycled 20,000 pounds worth of CRT TVs when they trees. Members of the HLOC Sustainability Committee and were replaced with flat screen monitors. The CRT TVs are corporate leaders from Waste Management and CenterPoint also being disassembled and processed for recycling. By Energy donated 68 recyclable Right Tree Right Place totes teaming up with Official NCAA Corporate Partner LG, Conn’s to the first 68 adults to arrive, and distributed 68 basketball Appliances also supported the event at their 23 Houston- goodie bags to the first 68 children onsite. The HLOC also area locations. Every family that brought in products for donated basketball backboards and goals for the basketball recycling received instant savings at Conn’s on any LG-brand court to the students of Grady Middle School. A permanent EnergyStar® flat-screen televisions. placard was placed to recognize the event. The NCAA Final Four 2012 continued to expand on n food: At Bracket Town, 15 to 20 percent of food purchases the sustainability initiative introduced in 2011, including were from local sources. At Reliant Stadium, unused prepared hosting a new educational outreach event called “Greening food was donated to local food banks and other non-profits. the Hospitality Zone.” Together with The Greater New All disposable cutlery used at Bracket Town events was Orleans Hotel and Lodging Association, LifeCity, and bio-based and compostable. Napkins were made from 100 the Sustainability Committee of the New Orleans Local percent recycled content, and all cooking oils were collected Organizing Committee for the 2012 Men’s Final Four, the for use as biodiesel. 2012 NCAA Final Four Sustainability Committee invited representatives of the hospitality industry to attend this n All cleaning products used at PaPer/PurchaSing: event to share greening strategies, discuss ecotourism, Bracket Town were Green Seal-certified, reducing toxics and promote more sustainable practices in the hospitality exposure. industry. All copy paper purchased incorporated 30 percent post- In March 2012, the LG Electronics Recycling Program consumer recycled content and FSC-certified fiber. Paper continued the e-recycling project developed the previous towels in Bracket Town bathrooms were comprised of 95 year, this time for New Orleans area residents, who were able percent total recycled content with 15 percent post-consumer to bring electronic waste to the Mercedes-Benz Superdome content, and the toilet paper incorporated 80 percent total (site of the 2012 NCAA Final Four semifinal and national recycled content with 20 percent post-consumer content. championship men’s basketball games) for recycling. The The 2011 Final Four game programs were printed on eCycling drop-off location was designed to make recycling coated paper including at least 10 percent recycled content of electronic products easy and convenient—residents did and using soy-based ink. All paper used in the Press Room not even need to exit their vehicles, as the eCycling crew incorporated 30 percent post-consumer recycled content. members collected all acceptable electronic products from car trunks and pickup beds. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 33 |

34 ©Alice Henly Also for the 2012 NCAA Final Four, REpurposingNOLA Piece by Peace produced 100 iPad cases using 25 street pole banners that had lined the main route to the Superdome for the NCAA Final Four Men's Basketball Championship, which was played in New Orleans. The iPad cases were provided to NCAA VIP guests and sponsors. “The NCAA strives to make an impact on and off the court during the Men’s Final Four. As part of our efforts, we have a major focus on sustainable activities and increasing awareness of sustainable activities each year in the Final Four city,” said Byron Hatch, the NCAA’s director of championships and alliances. “The people in New Orleans, who assisted us with this effort, informed us about REpurposingNOLA, and the great work this company does with repurposing event décor elements into high quality products. It was an activity that we had not pursued in previous years. Therefore, we decided to pursue this opportunity as another activity to support the environment and raise awareness about various avenues to foster sustainability.” game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment Page 34 |

35 CASE STUDY lincoln financial field, home of the PhiladelPhia eagleS FaCILITY ST aTS location: pattison Avenue, philadelphia opened: August 3, 2003 Seating capacity: 68,532 owner: City of philadelphia operator: philadelphia Eagles venue uses: nfL games (primary), MLS games, collegiate football games, collegiate lacrosse games, Monster Jam, and a variety of concerts. construction cost: $520 million ($647 in 2012 dollars) “We search relentlessly for ways to reduce our environmental the eagleS’ greening Story: footprint, which is a daunting task when each and every motivationS, challengeS and home game draws 70,000 people to Lincoln Financial Field. leSSonS from the field Yet every day, in a variety of ways, we strive to conserve The Philadelphia Eagles have been pioneers in the greening more, recycle more, and consume less,” say the Luries. of professional sports operations and supply chains since “This commitment makes good business sense, but more establishing their Go Green program, with the help of the importantly, it helps our Eagles organization to fulfill our role 1 Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), back in 2003. as a community champion by inspiring others to take a step 3 From switching to recycled paper products nearly a decade Go Green! ’ to help save our wonderful planet.” forward and ‘ ago to installing the most extensive onsite renewable system of any U.S. sports stadium in 2012, the Eagles work to promote the social, ecological and financial benefits of Tes “The green message resona going green. wiTh our owners. They recognize The incredible why go green? pla Tform Tha T professional “Our greening program really all began at the ownership sporT s and The philadelphia level with the opening of the NovaCare Complex—the Eagles’ o demonsTra Te eagles have T training facility—“and the construction of Lincoln Financial Field in 2003,” says Don Smolenski, president and former Te social good,” and promo chief operating officer, who has been with the Eagles since says Don Smolenski, president and chief 2 1998. operating officer. According to Smolenski, the owners of the Philadelphia Eagles, Jeffrey and Christina Lurie, made environmental stewardship part of the organization’s mission statement before ecological social responsibility became more where to Start? commonplace in the sports industry. “Our owners are The Eagles’ green team began by asking questions. “We philanthropic by nature; it’s a very important part of who they started by talking with people, with advisers like NRDC, the are. That philanthropy carries over in their personal lives as Sexton Group and others,” says Smolenski. “Our program well as with the team,” says Smolenski. “The green message evolved slowly, with a little blue can at everyone’s desk. Then resonates with our owners. They recognize the incredible it grew from there, year after year.” platform that professional sports and the Philadelphia Eagles Smolenski explains that it was all about getting the right have to demonstrate social good. They made a strong green people at the table, including staff from all departments, and commitment and fully believe that the Eagles can make a developing a comfortable environment for sharing ideas difference by reducing our environmental impacts.” and making a plan. “The main issue early on was trying to In a press statement, the Luries explain the importance establish a comfort level by making sure everyone was on the of the green commitment made by the Eagles, both as a same page and then deciding how to proceed with our green business and as members of the Philadelphia community. mission in order to develop a strong program. It’s a journey.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 35 |

36 stanDout greening a CComPlishments “This commiTmenT makes good business sense, buT more H The Eagles are installing 11,000 onsite solar imporT anTly, iT helps our panels and 14 onsite wind turbines to make Lincoln Financial Field the first professional stadium in Tion T eagles organiza o fulfill the United States capable of generating all of its our role as a communiT y electricity onsite. champion by inspiring o Thers H The Eagles have implemented a variety of energy To T ake a sTep forward and conservation programs to reduce electricity Go Green! ’ T ‘ o help save our consumption by more than 33 percent. ,” wonderful planeT H 100 percent of team operations are powered by say Jeffrey and Christina Lurie, clean energy generated on U.S. wind farms. The owners of the Philadelphia Eagles. Eagles purchase 14 million kilowatt-hours of renewable energy credits annually. From 2003 to 2010 the Eagles conserved enough H Smolenski’s team prioritized paper reduction strategies and the purchasing of recycled paper first, which were energy and purchased enough green power to a natural fit because the financial savings from cutting provide electricity for 7,150 average American paper use could pay for better paper products made from homes for a year. post-consumer recycled content. “We used to print 50,000 H With increased monitoring and management media guides; now we produce fewer than 2,000 guides and updated field infrastructure, the Eagles have and have everything else online,” Smolenski says. “That’s a cut their water use by 21 percent. huge tonnage of paper that we eliminated right away, not to mention some great cost savings. Now all of our tissue The Eagles have converted all of their tissue paper H products are made from 100 percent post-consumer recycled products to 100 percent post-consumer recycled paper. We’ve saved thousands of trees. We also invested in paper, yielding an annual savings of 10 tons of cardboard balers and aluminum balers,” he adds. paper or the equivalent of about 170 trees. The next step for the Eagles was tracking their progress, which took their project to a new level. “Measurement is H From 2003 to 2010 the Eagles’ paper reduction really important. Once we developed better measurement and recycled paper purchasing efforts saved procedures, we really started to gain momentum,” says approximately 6,000 trees. Smolenski. “That was big. You need to measure what you do H 37 percent of all chemical cleaning products used and quantify savings. We track our figures throughout the in 2010 (169 gallons) came from environmentally stadium every month. It’s about accountability at the end of the day. If you don’t have accountability, how do you show friendly product lines. your progress?” H All of the Eagles’ requests for proposals (RFPs) The Eagles have a few systems in place to help track their mandate that vendors propose green-certified performance. “We have an organization-wide meeting at materials as standards. the end of the season every year where all departments bring their annual data for review,” explains Smolenski. “For example, the facilities department brings all energy, water For the Eagles, this meant taking the time to introduce staff and waste data stadium-wide; administration brings data on to environmental issues, making sure they understood the how much recycled-content paper we bought; merchandising importance of the greening work and felt comfortable sharing brings data on the percentage of post-consumer recycled ideas. “Now the dialogue and conversations are seamless. content in the catalog, among other products.” In order to get If you see something, there’s no apprehension about saying more precise data, the Eagles also invested in scales to weigh something or asking a question. We feel like we’re educated materials collected for composting and recycling. enough now to ask the right questions of our partners, which Smolenski emphasizes the importance of working closely is the best place to be.” with existing partners to advance the Eagles’ green goals. The Eagles figured out early that greening involves “Our operations team would also work with external partners prioritizing. “Instead of implementing 10 things at once, we like ARAMARK, which covers the concessions and cleaning took two or three things and tried to implement them well,” for the facility. We sat down with ARAMARK and conveyed says Smolenski. “Once we had those first programs down, we to them that greening was important to us. They recognized took two or three more, then two or three more, then four or that, and they made it important to themselves. As a result five more. Quality was important.” you start to develop this team, a real partnership, where everyone is working together on greening and efficiency,” he Page 36 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

37 onsite reneWaBle energY Pro JeCt “we’re a big building. we can fiT close T o 70,000 people. we By December 2012, the Eagles plan to have 11,000 solar Ter use a lo T of energy and wa panels and 14 wind turbines installed around Lincoln and genera Te a lo T of wasTe, Financial Field producing 3 megawatts of electricity (about six times the power needed for home games). buT Tha T doesn’T mean we have Smolenski explains how the Eagles were able to take To be wasTeful,” says Smolenski. on this massive project: “We entered into a 20-year o be responsible “we Try T relationship with NRG, headquartered in Princeton, New and have our fans help us in Jersey, which has really taken a leadership position in this area. The deal is structured so that NRG provides the up- T efforT T Tha Te our o miTiga front capital, which is in excess of $30 million. In return environmenT s.” al impacT we entered into a long-term power purchase agreement with NRG at a rate that grows at a fixed percentage over explains. “You’re able to establish a free-flowing dialogue time. That rate was about the rate we’ve been paying where everyone can raise ideas and explore new ways historically, with a set annual increase year after year. of doing things, whether you’re talking about cleaning That provides us with the ability to manage the expense. chemicals or compostable serviceware.” From a business perspective, the arrangement provides us with some predictability around the energy expense, which is our largest operating expense for the facility. challengeS: overcome and ongoing That is important because it doesn’t make us subject to Lincoln Financial Field faces many of the same size-based the conditions of the marketplace, which can be tough to challenges that most sports venues have to grapple with. manage at times. NRG was also able to take advantage “We’re a big building. We can fit close to 70,000 people. We of some federal programs that promote renewable use a lot of energy and water and generate a lot of waste, but energy, which also helped with the financials. NRG is ,” says Smolenski. wasteful that doesn’t mean we have to be a Fortune 500 company, and they really believe in this “We try to be responsible and have our fans help us in that effort to mitigate our environmental impacts.” work. Greening is a component of their business mission, From entertaining recycling signs posted around the venue they’re not just dabbling, and it’s a good fit all around.” to recycling bags for tailgaters, the Eagles match commitment with humor and convenience to engage fans in their green February 2012 our diversion rate is up to 99 percent, a great programs. “Our approach to fan engagement is just to lead accomplishment, even though it’s during the off-season.” by example. We pair all of our garbage cans with recycling Smolenski attributes some of the Eagles’ success to containers to make it easy for people to recycle,” says setting a high bar for their green program. “It’s definitely an Smolenski. “We have green teams that hand out recycling evolutionary process, but an outgrowth of that is setting big bags for tailgaters to use and leave by their cars, and we green goals,” he explains. He says the weight of the Eagles’ pick them up later. Fans appreciate our recycling program, brand also plays an important role. “Our brand, what the take part in it, and we feel like our message resonates with Eagles and the NFL represent, is influential. So when you the community, even if there isn’t always a numeric way of sit down with ARAMARK and a partner like SCA, which keeping track of that influence.” makes paper products, you can have good conversations At one point the Eagles’ waste system relied on trash about napkins made with post-consumer recycled paper,” chutes throughout Lincoln Financial Field and a team of says Smolenski. “Initially they may say ‘Oh, that’s going to staff that would sweep the facility with carts to pick up bags cost more,’ but by working collaboratively and using the of recyclables. The system became problematic; the pickup influence of the Eagles and ARAMARK brands, we could get routes were taking longer and getting cumbersome as the recycled-content paper napkins at the same or even a lower Eagles recycled more and more material. “So we flipped cost than we could get non-recycled paper napkins. And for the system,” says Smolenski. “We converted all of our trash us that’s a no-brainer; we’re definitely doing that. And all our chutes to recycling chutes, and we now use carts to pick up procurement discussions went that way.” the trash.” Once the Eagles demonstrated their long-term “Thanks to our transformed waste stream, among other commitment to greening, their partners not only joined their initiatives, we’re now pushing upwards of a 75 percent mission but also helped overcome ongoing challenges. “The waste diversion from landfill, and we’re trying to get that general managers at ARAMARK are really into our greening higher and higher,” Smolenski notes proudly. “From August work; they feel part of it and take ownership of it, which is through December of 2011, during our heaviest time of awesome. They’re always out looking for new products and the year, we had an average diversion rate of 77 percent. opportunities,” say Smolenski. “For example, for a while now For 2011 as a whole, we were at 72 percent diversion. Since How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 37 |

38 now very accessible. “Several years ago, when we started to purchase wind-based RECs to offset our electricity use, they “unless you’re already were expensive,” he says. “It cost about six figures to offset involved in or are invesTiga Ting approximately 30 percent of our electricity use. Today we can projecT s like purchasing offset 100 percent of our use in the very low five-figure range. Unless you’re already involved in or are investigating projects s, you may Think Tha offseT T iT’s like purchasing offsets, you may think that it’s still cost- o pursue sTill cosT -prohibiTive T prohibitive to pursue those kinds of initiatives, but it’s really Tives, buT Those kinds of iniTia not the case anymore.” Tha T’s really no T The case anymore,” says Smolenski. leSSonS from the field “If you don’t have get buy-in from toP to bottom: we’ve been looking for a compostable wrapper for our hot the support of all of your managers, department heads and sandwiches,” such as cheesesteaks. “It was our last packaging all employees, you won’t be able to effectively implement hurdle as everything else—all cutlery, plates, napkins and your green programs,” Smolenski states. “We often say, ‘You cups—is compostable. So we were searching with ARAMARK, need to motivate, build momentum and then measure to we kept looking and kept pushing, and at the end of 2011 achieve success.’ Once we were able to get buy-in at the we were finally able to find a sandwich wrapper that is management level, we were able to really grow the program. compostable but still keeps the sandwiches warm and fresh. It was their initial involvement and their embracing of the So we’re now able to raise our diversion goals and achieve a issue that allowed us to build momentum,” he explains. “That higher rate of success. By building on relationships within is everything from our HR and administrative team doing our industry, we can set the bar higher and can better take post-consumer and chlorine-free recycled paper work to advantage of opportunities.” our operations team, especially waste operations, evaluating The Eagles don’t yet collect compostables around the how they were commissioning the building, improving the stadium concourse, but they do sort waste by hand after efficiency of the building management systems and working the game. Since 2009 they’ve worked with ARAMARK on the heating systems.” to implement composting throughout back-of-house operations and aim to move to front-of-house composting educate Staff and eStabliSh a comfort level as well. “We started with one kitchen and then slowly worked for the P ace of your greening ProjectS: our way up to composting in all kitchens and all back- According to Smolenski, it’s important to educate all staff of-house operations,” says Smolenski. “When we started about the importance of a green program from the outset. in 2009 there weren’t any facilities that took commercial “When we started with the Sexton Group, our consultants, composting. We could only find a farmer from Neshaminy [in there was a desire to come racing out of the gate. But that Pennsylvania] who literally came with his truck to load up our wasn’t the mode that we operated in or that people felt compost. But as we added more kitchens, we quickly had too comfortable in. There was some apprehension,” he adds. much for him. So we had to wait for larger facilities to come “We needed to go through a learning period, where we online and for the market to grow,” says Smolenski, who learned from each other first through dialogue. Through good says that patience and perseverance made their composting communication we got to a point where everybody, including program possible. “Finally a facility in Delaware could accept all partners, recognized the importance of and embraced the our material at the scale we needed.” green project. We were over the first hurdle. Then we needed The Eagles were able to grow their program and gain to work together to figure out how best to implement the momentum by building on smaller successes like slowly project.” improving their procurement practices and waste stream management. “There are little success stories like that along make your accomPliShmentS tangible: Convert the way. And those success stories are often ideas that your your savings into imagery that the public can understand. team members and staff brought to the table, so they really “We try to make what we do tangible. For example, saying feel good about the green wins,” says Smolenski. “Those that we’ve recycled X number of tons doesn’t mean anything, little success stories encourage more idea sharing and more but if we say that it’s enough material to fill the lower bowl successes, which lead us to where we are today, embarking on of the stadium, you can really picture that. We convert our a huge project with NRG to install 11,000 solar panels and 14 savings to make them more understandable and relatable, wind turbines to produce almost 3 megawatts of energy from so that it matters to people,” says Smolenski. “I don’t think renewable sources. It’s all doable, but it takes time. As long as that’s spin; that’s just effective presentation. We’re not just you stay committed to the goal, you can get there.” talking the talk; we’re actually walking the walk. It’s not When it comes to financing onsite renewable projects greenwashing. It’s not superficial. We believe in greening from or purchasing renewable energy credits (RECs), Smolenski the business and philanthropic perspective.” observes that the market has changed dramatically. The initiatives that may have seemed too expensive before are How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 38 |

39 make recycling convenient, and add Some humor: The Eagles use a few key techniques to get fans “we’re no alking The T alk; T jusT T involved in recycling. Says Smolenski, “We don’t want to be we’re acTually walking The in a position where we’re preaching because no one likes to walk. iT’s no T greenwashing. be preached to. The important thing is to make it convenient and weave it throughout the organization to consistently T superficial. we believe iT’s no apply the practices and procedures. On a game day we use in greening from The business prominent advertising about recycling and environmental and philanThropic perspecTive... responsibility. For example, in the men’s restroom over all of the urinals, we have signs that say, ‘Recycle your beer here, o be a good we’re going green T but recycle your bottle outside in our recycling containers.’ ” Te parTner in our corpora communiT says Smolenski. y,” take advantage of league networkS and contactS: Teams are discovering new greening opportunities nationwide; take advantage of their knowledge to cut down on your research time. “There are representatives from about 16 NFL teams, maybe more, that participate in quarterly league-based green team calls. We talk about different programs we’re doing and new ideas. It’s an excellent open forum for getting direct contacts on different issues at clubs around the country that you can reach out to. It’s a great resource,” says Smolenski. “So now there are many more opportunities to figure out how to get better as a facility, how to start new programs and learn from your peers’ evaluate whether leed iS right for your experiences. We’ve had lots of different teams ask for advice organization: “We’ve explored LEED options in the past. and it’s all win-win. We happily participate in those kinds of We felt that Lincoln Financial Field certainly fit the definition endeavors.” of a LEED-certified facility, but [certification] was expensive. We asked ourselves, was the designation worth the cost look for inSPiration from other induStrieS: associated to get it? And in the end we decided we didn’t “We’ve picked up ideas not only from across the sports need the LEED certification to justify what we were doing,” industry, but also from the cruise line industry,” says explains Smolenski. “Achieving a LEED certification wasn’t Smolenski. “Our vice president of event operations was at a the reason why we were going green—which isn’t meant as a conference and the cutlery he used was a compostable type knock; it’s a very reputable accomplishment. We were going that he’d never seen before. So he grabbed a few extras and green to be a good corporate partner in our community, found out where they came from for us to check out. It was because it’s the right thing to do. We made an internal stronger than the different kinds of compostable cutlery decision that we didn’t need LEED.” we’ve tried here at the NovaCare Complex that would snap when our players used them. So now that we’ve found a stronger option, we’ve ramped up our use of the compostable cutlery.” endnoteS 1 Go Green! Executive Summary 2011 (philadelphia Eagles, 2011), page 5, green_playbookv9.swf (accessed June 14, 2012) (philadelphia Eagles, 2012), paragraph 1, Eagles Media Guide Don Smolenski Biography, 2 Smolenski_1.html (accessed June 14, 2012) Go Green! Executive Summary 2011 (philadelphia Eagles, 2011), page 4, 3 green_playbookv9.swf (accessed June 14, 2012) How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 39 |

40 CASE STUDY at&t Park, home of the San franciSco giantS arK ST aTS BaLLP San francisco, California location: December 11, 1997 began construction: opened: March 31, 2000 Seating capacity: 41,915 owner: China Basin Ballpark Corporation, San francisco Giants subsidiary operator: San francisco Giants venue uses: MLB games (primary), international soccer and MLS games, collegiate football games, big-air ski and snowboard contests, concerts and private events construction cost: $482 million (in 2012 dollars) leed certification: Certified LEED Silver for Existing Buildings: operations and maintenance in April 2010 Felder explains that sustainability and efficiency have the giantS’ greening Story: always been core values for the Giants. “We’re always pushing motivationS, challengeS and the envelope because innovation is a defining principle for us leSSonS from the field as an organization,” he says. “We recognize that innovation Since opening in the spring of 2000, AT&T Park has been and sustainability go hand in hand. Sustainability is one of home to the San Francisco Giants Major League Baseball the ways that we can be innovative as a business.” team, which owns and operates the facility. The ballpark Playing in one of the United States’ greenest cities was also doubles as a venue for concerts, corporate programs and a factor motivating the team to pursue greening. “One of the other sporting events, including pro soccer games, collegiate benefits we have is that we’re in an incredibly enlightened football games, and even big-air ski and snowboard contests. and environmentally conscious city that really buys into the From day one the Giants have made environmental whole greening movement. People are cognizant of how their stewardship a business priority at the park by integrating actions in and around their homes and businesses impact sustainability into their company mission and operations. the environment,” says Costa. “Given our location, we were AT&T Park was the first major league ballpark to install a committed to building in a very sustainable way from the solar array and the first to receive LEED Silver Certification beginning. It was the right thing for where we are and who for existing buildings: operations and maintenance (EBOM). we are as an organization.” The Giants also divert the most waste from landfill of any professional sports venue in North America, with an 85.2 percent diversion rate for 2011. Here are some lessons from where to Start? their greening successes to date. “We started our process of becoming green the minute we opened the park, and it’s ongoing,” says Shana Daum, vice president of public affairs and community relations for the why go green? Giants. “But it was really just baby steps at the beginning,” Even in the beginning, greening was a no-brainer for the admits Costa. “We began by trying to figure out how to reduce Giants operations team. “It was not so much a question of our electricity and water use.” why do it, but why wouldn’t we do it?” says Alfonso Felder, senior vice president of facilities and a Giants front-office veteran of 16 years. “The reasons to go green and become Tion T innova “we recognize Tha more efficient are all so compelling,” adds Jorge Costa, who y go hand in ainabiliT and susT has been with the Giants for 23 years and is senior vice y is one of The hand. susT ainabiliT president of ballpark operations, “but there’s also an element of leadership, innovation and commitment that can’t be Tive T we can be innova ways Tha overlooked.” says Alfonso Felder, as a business,” senior vice president of facilities. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 40 |

41 ©S. f lighting retrofits . Giants The Giants’ lighting retrofit projects include: replacing incandescent lights with compact H fluorescent lamps ballpark-wide, H installing motion-sensor lighting, H replacing concourse signage lighting with an infrared-type high-output lamp controlled by a low-output ballast, H converting the 18 home batting cage sports lights to LEDs, upgrading to a Mitsubishi Electric Diamond Vision H HD scoreboard that is 78 percent more efficient than its predecessor, and installing strip curtains in all walk-in refrigerators. H As with all companies, operations initiatives at AT&T challengeS: overcome and ongoing Park start with the financials. “We have a cost savings The Giants continue to lead the industry in diverting waste evaluation phase for every new initiative that considers from landfills. Thanks in large part to their jaw-dropping all of the financial impacts of a proposal,” says Costa. waste diversion rate, the Giants have won the coveted MLB “All of the decisions that we make are based on the return Green Glove Award four years in a row for being the leading on investment, the outlay, and making sure we have team in recycling and other sustainability initiatives. The enlightened systems management that we’re constantly Giants’ aggressive recycling and composting program has improving over time.” ratcheted up their waste diversion rate from 57 percent in Ever since opening day in 2000, improvements in 2009 to 75 percent in 2010 to the all-time high of 85.2 percent energy efficiency have been a daily priority of the ballpark in 2011. operations team, especially regarding lighting retrofits. “We faced some really hard challenges to get to where we The Giants have already saved approximately 171,000 are,” says Costa. “When we were slapped with a statewide kilowatt-hours of energy—the equivalent of powering 25 mandate that said all California businesses had to divert average American homes for a year—with lighting upgrades 75 percent of their waste from landfill, we thought, ‘Really? throughout the park. How are we going to make that happen?’ It was initially very For example, the Giants recently converted the 18 large onerous for us, but it’s actually become a really important sports lights in their batting cage to LEDs. “You can already rallying point for our mindset about greening.” really see the benefit—they use less energy and the fixtures According to Costa, one secret to their success is hand- are going to last longer, saving on labor costs,” says Costa. sorting waste. “We process all waste at the end of the game “But that was only 18 lights, and now we’re working on by hand as it comes through the loading dock,” Costa says. upgrading the other 538 huge, expensive sports lights around “Even though it’s costly and a dirty job, we get our money the ballpark. It’s a pretty significant budget hit in the short back and definitely see dividends.” term, but we know we’ll recoup the investment, even if it’s a Another tactic the Giants use is evaluating their entire 5- to 10-year commitment.” waste management program as one system to identify Costa’s advice? Plan ahead by calculating how the energy inefficiencies and cost savings potential. “There is a constant and labor cost savings will recover the upfront outlay. But yin and yang of cost evaluations with all of your partners on most important, keep it affordable by doing incremental a systemic level,” explains Costa. “For example, to upgrade upgrades and working your way around the facility. “No one our loading dock we proposed to spend something like can do it all at once, unless they have unlimited resources,” $60,000 to revamp the layout, so we needed to calculate how he says. “Most teams need to take on smaller, incremental we would recoup that investment. We worked with Recology, initiatives that you orchestrate the right way, in concert with our waste partners, to minimize the number of trash hauls your whole system, to continue to make progress every day,” and dumping costs. We reevaluated and economized on the he explains. “We take a dogmatic, methodical approach to bags and bins we’re using. We also thought more systemically greening. You’ve got to just make a base hit and work your about savings around the ballpark by cutting down on broom way around while keeping the larger picture in mind.” costs and labor costs.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 41 |

42 stanDout greening a CComPlishments “now all of our drinkware is recyclable and [The] food H The Giants’ ballpark was the first in the major leagues o be packaging [we use] Tends T to receive LEED Silver certification for existing y simplifying able. b composT buildings: operations and maintenance. Te a T messaging, you crea Tha In 2007 AT&T Park became the first MLB ballpark H more effecTive sysTem. lessons to install a solar array. At 123 kilowatts, it provides enough power to supply 5,200 homes (avoiding like Tha T you need T o learn 360,000 pounds of greenhouse gases) and along The way,” says Felder. generates green energy for PG&E customers across San Francisco. Fan adoption of recycling and composting was not always H The Giants achieved 100 percent waste diversion smooth sailing for the Giants. “Like many facilities, we’ve had ballpark-wide in March 2012 and an 85.2 the challenge of learning what works and what doesn’t work percent annual waste diversion rate for 2011. The in terms of managing our waste stream,” Felder says. “For team recycles or composts cans, bottles, plastic example, there was a time when people were really pushing cups, cardboard, paper, wood pallets, electronic for compostable plastic cups, but we found that it created some conflict and confusion within the public.” components, lightbulbs, batteries, cooking grease, Felder explained that the Giants, among other teams, food waste and grass clippings. rejected the compostable cups after testing them at the Close to 100 percent of drinkware and food H ballpark and finding that fans didn’t compost them and that packaging sold at the ballpark is recyclable or they consistently contaminated the waste stream. “So the compostable. prevailing wisdom changed, and now all of our drinkware is recyclable and [the] food packaging [we use] tends to be An irrigation clock receives weather data and H compostable. By simplifying that messaging, you create a couples it with site data to establish zone watering more effective system. Lessons like that you need to learn times, saving 33 percent to 50 percent in irrigation along the way.” water use. Yet even with a more efficient system and educated public, Costa warns that there will always be more people to educate, H Amendments to the infield mix (from 66 percent remind or prod to get the job done. Patience is key. “Despite sand, 20 percent silt and 14 percent to clay to 50 all of our outreach and accomplishments, I still see fans percent sand, 25 percent silt and 25 percent clay) struggling, not understanding which items are compostable have reduced field watering by 33 percent. or recyclable. Just yesterday I spent five minutes explaining to a fan what goes where and why it’s important to separate,” he adds. “It’s crucial to educate both our staff and our fans Thanks to the Giants’ new Recycle Processing Center, about these issues, not only because fans are really important Costa is now setting the waste diversion bar even higher and for helping us achieve our diversion goals, but also because has already seen glimpses of greater success. “This year we’re they’ll go home and use that same knowledge elsewhere.” aiming to get to a 90 percent average annual diversion rate, The same is true for business partners. Costa points which is a very aggressive goal.” out that working closely on greening initiatives with In fact, in March of this year the Giants achieved the concessionaires is particularly important, though it can also herculean accomplishment of 100 percent waste diversion, present challenges. The main problem he has encountered though it was during the off-season. During March the Giants is how to source affordable, specialized products from large completely overhauled their 2011 playing field, processing concessionaires that buy much of their product in bulk for approximately 3,000 tons of soil to become recycled topsoil their many accounts spread across the country. “It’s very and giving all of the sand to the San Jose Giants, their minor- costly to start making site-specific orders to get specialized league affiliate, for use on their infield. products [like compostable serviceware] that are acceptable “Now that we’ve reached 100 percent diversion once, I for certain locations like San Francisco,” says Costa. “And it’s want to keep the pedal to the metal and get as close as we particularly challenging when many of the concessionaires’ can every month,” says Costa. “I can’t stress it enough: You other accounts are in cities that aren’t as cognizant of the are never done. I will never say to my staff, ‘We’re in a really product impacts or don’t have local mandates. It’s something good spot.’ I always say, ‘OK, this is where we’re at, now how that we’re still really struggling with, though we’ve made a lot can we get to the next level or a higher goal? How can we get of inroads.” better by refining our systems even more, making them more efficient and more affordable?’ Today, a 75 percent diversion rate would be a failure.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 42 |

43 ©S. f when to invest in upgrades if newer and newer versions . Giants continue to be released,” he explains. “The iPad is actually a great analogy for what it feels like trying to stay on top of the many increasingly efficient technologies available in the marketplace.” For instance, Felder points out, “the packaging that was available five years ago wouldn’t have allowed us to be where we are now.” The Giants use regular meetings with their partners to keep themselves informed on new products. “We do evaluations of our product use during every home stand and have regular meetings with our partners on an ongoing basis. We use a combination of internal staff research and the advice of external partners like PG&E, Recology and Centerplate to vet the market for new products and technologies,” says Costa. “Centerplate is a particularly helpful resource because they are able to learn a lot from working with a lot of venues across leSSonS from the field the country on these issues.” create the right work environment: For those “We also look for technological trends in the marketplace,” just getting started or struggling to get green initiatives off adds Felder. “ABM, our engineering group, has done a lot the ground, Costa suggests going back to basics by creating of work with us on lighting and does a lot of research on the right work environment for success. “You’ve got to really electronic products for us.” circle the wagons. You need to create a different mindset and environment based on cooperation,” he explains. “Meet and coordinate with other buyerS to helP with talk through every aspect of these issues, from the financial to Partner with other Product coSt and availability: the emotional to the practical to the fundamental realities of teams, venues and even other companies in your area to your business and partners.” harmonize purchasing requests and build the market for environmentally friendly products. eStabliSh a diverSe and dedicated green Steering committee (eSPecially for PurSuing going green iS an inveStment: “The single greatest Start by getting the right people together. “We’d leed): issue that we face today is that it’s not inexpensive to go recommend establishing a steering committee made up green. That’s just being flat-out honest,” say Costa. “You of a variety of people from many departments within the will need to spend some money.” Though Costa believes company and from external partners that come together and strongly in the benefits of increased efficiency (including are dedicated to the process,” says Costa. “The desire and resource savings, financial savings, favorable press, brand the resources all need to be in alignment to make it happen. enhancement, environmental benefits, public health benefits No single person can get this done. You need a collaborative and the strengthening of community ties), he says, “You group of people with the vision, passion and commitment to are constantly balancing cost and the willingness of your put their money where their mouth is. That takes courage and partners to adapt.” conviction.” “Achieving LEED certification is a six-figure application process and requires you to devote staff resources almost involve all P Given the complex nature of artnerS: exclusively to the LEED application,” points out Costa. ballpark services, the Giants involve all venue stakeholders “It took us about 14 months from the time we started at including PG&E (sponsor), ABM Services (building and the beginning of 2009 until we got certified in March of facilities management), Centerplate (hospitality and 2010.” Felder agrees that large projects like pursing LEED concessions), Toro Irrigation (landscape management), and certification may be difficult to justify financially in the short Recology (waste management) to ensure successful ballpark- term. “You could say that LEED certification was an expense wide integration of green initiatives. They also recommend that might have been hard to justify, but what we’re finding is capitalizing on the opportunity to share your green story that it really does pay off over time.” by having your partners assist you in telling it. Involving stakeholders will increase the volume of your voice and the PurSue green initiativeS incrementally: It’s often penetration of the message. more affordable to pursue incremental upgrades and work your way around a facility. “No one can do it all at once, hold regular green meetingS to Stay on toP unless they have unlimited resources,” says Costa. “Most of market trendS: Costa likens the rapidly changing teams need to take on smaller, incremental initiatives that green-tech space (such as the lighting industry) to the you orchestrate the right way, in concert with your whole Apple iPad. “What’s good yesterday may not be so good system, to continue to make progress every day,” he explains. tomorrow, and you find yourself constantly questioning “We take a dogmatic, methodical approach to greening.” game changer: Page 43 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment |

44 CASE STUDY americanairlineS arena, home of the miami heat arena ST aTS location: Miami, florida february 6, 1998 began construction: opened: December 31, 1999 Seating capacity: 19,600 owner: Miami-Dade County Basketball properties Ltd. operator: venue uses: nBA games, WWE wrestling matches, family shows and concerts construction cost: $297 million (in 2012 dollars) leed certification: Certified LEED for Existing Buildings: operations and Maintenance in April 2009 the heat’S greening Story: why go green? motivationS, challengeS and According to Jackie Ventura, operations coordinator for the HEAT Group, the direct benefits of greening and LEED leSSonS from the field certification include financial savings, attracting green-based The Miami HEAT have been sports industry leaders in sponsorships, brand enhancement, competitive advantage, green building initiatives and comprehensive tracking of raised community profile and improved company culture. facility-wide resource use since AmericanAirlines Arena “Sustainability equals savings. In one year, thanks to our became LEED-certified for existing buildings: operations greening and responsible energy consumption measures, and maintenance (EBOM) in the spring of 2009. For the we saved $1.6 million,” says Ventura. “We also attracted better part of a year the HEAT worked on enhancing their about $1 million in new corporate sponsors, which include operations in a race against the Atlanta Hawks to win the first Home Depot and Waste Management, who aligned with our LEED Certification for an arena in the National Basketball greening efforts as sponsors of our LEED initiative. Being Association. The showdown culminated in a dead heat when environmentally conscious improves our brand’s image so the Green Building Certification Institute, a subset of the U.S. that we now talk with companies that never would have Green Building Council, awarded AmericanAirlines Arena approached us before, such as Johnson & Johnson and and Philips Arena, the home of the Hawks, LEED certification Georgia Pacific.” on the same day, April 7, 2009. The HEAT also include their green accolades in their With a LEED certification under their belt, and many pitch to attract performing artists to their arena. When the cost benefits and positive press mentions to boot, the team first announced its LEED certification and ongoing HEAT are now working toward LEED recertification in 2014, commitment to greening in 2009, Eric Woolworth, president which requires improving on all of their 2009 efficiency of the HEAT Group’s business operations, said, “It’s a point achievements. of differentiation for us from a business perspective. It ©Miami HEAT Tion “iT’s a poinT of differenTia for us from a business perspecTive. iT provides a s pla Tform for us T TTracT acT o a and enTerT ainmenT Tha T wanT To play in green venues,” says Eric Woolworth, president of the HEAT Group’s business operations. game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment Page 44 |

45 The HEAT became devoted to greening not only to show CComPlishments greening a stanDout community leadership, improve the efficiency of their operations and benefit the environment, but also because The HEAT’s energy efficiency initiatives have enabled H the team wanted to seize the opportunity to be a trailblazer for professional sports. “The HEAT Group, the business the AmericanAirlines Arena to consume 53 percent operations behind the Miami HEAT team, prides itself on less energy than the average facility of similar size and being an innovative organization,” says Lorrie-Ann Diaz, use, according to EnergyStar’s Portfolio Manager. director of marketing communications. “As a professional H The organization replaced 240 lamps in the arena’s sports franchise, being competitive is part of who we are concession stands and merchandise locations with and what we do, and we’re proud to be one of the first compact fluorescent lights (14-watt bulbs replaced major professional sports facilities to achieve the incredibly important LEED certification.” 60-watt bulbs). This move saves $976 annually and Greening enabled the HEAT to attract positive press and recouped the capital investment in two years. create new community-based opportunities. “We knew H The team implemented a building automation system that being the first NBA arena to be LEED-certified would (provided by Johnson Control) to monitor and control attract great publicity,” says Ventura, “but as we discovered heating, cooling and ventilation. that it was an exciting way to engage with the city and with the community, we realized how important it was to make The HEAT reduced the heat island effect and saved H greening a big part of our game. Our green work is a great energy by using a more reflective “white” roofing and avenue to introduce these concepts to people who don’t have underground parking. access to or don’t yet care about these issues. It’s a domino The team also added 9,161 square feet of canopies H effect.” Ventura stresses the importance of magnifying the green to reduce the heat island effect. message by leveraging the HEAT ’s brand. “We have so much H In 2009, the HEAT achieved a 16.7 percent reduction power in this business. We have incredible access to so many in potable water use and saved more than $5,000 people on a daily basis,” she says. “We had over 1.5 million in water costs through low-flow faucet and toilet visitors to sporting and entertainment events last year alone. upgrades and by increasing plumbing efficiency. If you impact half of those people and they share it with a couple of other people, the impact adds up. Pretty soon we’ll H The HEAT save almost $11,000 annually due to be doing a lot of good.” greater irrigation efficiency. All irrigation of planters Manny Diaz, the mayor of Miami at the time of the and landscaped areas is done by a drip system or a HEAT Group’s LEED certification, promoted the HEAT ’s soak system that applies water directly to the roots, greening work as a positive model for local businesses. and all lines have low-flow nozzles. Also, timers are “The AmericanAirlines Arena is a catalyst for all Miami used so that irrigation takes place in the middle of the businesses to invest in a greener future,” he said. “The arena’s night in order to minimize evaporation. commitment to the earth and our community paves the way for other companies in downtown Miami to follow that path H HEAT permanently installed water meters to The 2 and make a lasting difference.” measure the consumption of potable water and water used in irrigating all landscaped areas. The meters are monitored on a weekly basis. where to Start? HEAT established an environmentally preferable H The The HEAT Group first learned about greening opportunities purchasing policy and a solid waste management from the NBA head office. In 2007 the NBA established a purchasing policy (43 percent of purchases are partnership with the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) to enhance their environmental profile. As part of sustainable). this program, during the summer of 2008 the NBA worked with NRDC to establish the Commissioner’s Initiative on provides a platform for us to attract acts and entertainment Sustainable Arena Operations and Team Practices. The league that want to play in green venues.” also circulated the NRDC Greening Advisor to help all NBA Woolworth explained that the HEAT pursued greening teams learn how to become greener. because they understood the influence their organization The NBA’s environmental commitment and NRDC’s has in the community and marketplace. “Achieving LEED resources motivated the HEAT Group to find out whether certification is a great affirmation of the AmericanAirlines they could achieve LEED certification. “When NRDC Arena’s commitment to energy conservation and got together with the NBA and made some league-wide environmentally responsible operations,” said Woolworth at environmental recommendations, it really kick-started our the announcement of the LEED certification. “Being among interest in greening,” says Ventura. “We began by looking into the first arenas in the U.S. to be LEED-certified, we hope LEED to see if we could get certification. Lo and behold, just to inspire businesses of all kinds to think green and make a by doing the checklist on the U.S. Green Building Council 1 positive impact on our earth.” website, we were pretty confident that we could pursue How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 45 |

46 themselves,” she says. “We were able to complete the process in record time, and the accomplishment was more the heat’s leeD CertifiCation meaningful because our own team of dedicated professionals Cost -saving anal Ysis BreaKDo Wn made it happen.” Thanks to strong support from the executive staff, Total LEED Project Cost: $73,384 H particularly Eric Woolworth and general manager Kim Stone, the HEAT Group was able to register the AmericanAirlines Registration: $600 H Arena for LEED certification on November 18, 2008, just a few Certification: $15,000 H months after learning about the LEED opportunity. “Everyone Expedited evaluation (optional): $10,000 H was really on board with getting the initiative done. Our goal was to unveil our certification during the NBA’s Green Week 550 internal staff hours: approx. $47,592 H in April 2009. and our president and business operators said, H Various manuals: $192 ‘Make this happen’ and ‘You have my support,’ ” says Ventura. “This required that the internal green team’s regular duties H Total LEED Project Annual Savings: $1,616,480 be delegated to other staff members in the interim. The staff Energy savings: approx. $1.6 million H all supported being more sustainable and were happy to contribute to the project wherever they were needed.” Lighting annual savings: $976 H The HEAT started with the LEED checklists of prerequisites Efficient plumbing fixtures: $5,440 H and credits required to achieve EBOM certification. “We began with the prerequisites because obviously without those H Responsible landscaping: $10,822 you can’t follow through with certification,” explains Ventura. “We were surprised that we already qualified for all of the LEED prerequisites because, honestly, most of our prior Cost summar Y decisions were fiscally motivated.” H Total Expense: –$73,384 ($25,792 out-of-pocket) Annual Savings: +$1,616,480 H challengeS: overcome and ongoing Green Sponsorship: +$1,000,000 H Pursuing LEED certification requires investment, including H full return on investment within one year, plus significant up-front capital and staff time. However, the costs millions in ongoing annual savings. associated with green upgrades and LEED certification are minimal relative to the significant utilities savings available for a major facility like the AmericanAirlines Arena. “We spent $1,594,309 during the 2008 calendar year. If we ran T by being “iT was grea T T o see Tha the AmericanAirlines Arena at the current national average, we could potentially be spending approximately $3,010,000 fiscally responsible we were annually on energy consumption each year,” explains ainable as well,” being susT Ventura. “So thanks to our greening work and responsible says Jackie Ventura, operations coordinator energy consumption, which is 53 percent more efficient than the average arena, we now save approximately $1.6 million for the HEAT Group. on energy costs annually.” ’s efficient and straightforward Ventura credits the HEAT certification.” LEED application process to consistent and knowledgeable To work on the LEED application, the HEAT Group put staff, impeccable recordkeeping, responsible utility together a “green team” made up of internal staff members consumption and easy-to-use electronic blueprints. and Laura Crave, a LEED Accredited Professional and director “We found that most of our practices were already LEED ’s major of marketing for Dade Paper, one of the HEAT compliant,” she says. “We have always been very vigilant vendors. “As LEED certification is such an important element about tracking our consumption with electricity, water, gas, of our green mission, we decided to complete the project et cetera. I have spreadsheets and electronic records of all in-house, and luckily, most of the staff in our operations facility-wide consumption from the opening of the building department have been part of the HEAT Group for a long in 1999, so we were confident that we would meet all of the time,” says Ventura. “Everyone had a solid foundation in the LEED baselines.” operation of the building, so we knew this was something we The greatest challenge the HEAT faced was accurately could pursue without third-party involvement.” and efficiently completing all of the LEED application According to Ventura, the HEAT recognized the value paperwork. “We found filling out all of the paperwork in- of training their staff in efficient building practices while house was more of a challenge than any other,” says Ventura. pursuing certification. “Our team of facility managers, “Many of the LEED credits required us to put our typical engineers and maintenance staff took ownership of the (and some new) practices, like buying recycled content and project and made the commitment to become LEED experts EPA-recommended efficient products, down on paper as How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 46 |

47 The HEAT Group has already started working toward LEED EBOM recertification in 2014, which requires improving on “while leed wasn’T necessarily all 2009 green initiatives. This time the organization is aiming The impeTus for a lo T of our for LEED Silver certification. “For recertification, 2009 is our baseline. Our consumption must stay even or below our 2009 efficiency projecT s, in The long figures and we need to implement new green initiatives,” run iT has served as The reason Ventura explains. “For example, we’ve completed installation why we keep adhering T o and of virtual frequency drives on the air handlers and have begun adding them to our chilled water pumps as well. improving upon The greener We upgraded our hot water gas boiler to a high-efficiency pracTices we had in place model, which has effectively reduced our gas consumption says Ventura. before,” to a third of what it was in fiscal year 2009—49,907 therms versus 15,574 therms.” The HEAT Group has also been upgrading more of its arena’s lights to LEDs and purchasing formal policies. None of our prior standard operating office products with a higher percentage of post-consumer procedures addressed these types of practices, so LEED recycled content. “Switching up to LED lightbulbs, which served the dual purpose of allowing us to update our SOPs.” are now more readily available, is logical because although The LEED process motivated the HEAT Group to advance they cost more initially, the extended life expectancy will environmentally friendly purchasing across more product reduce replacement and long-term spending and will help categories, including cleaning supplies, all paper products, us earn recertification,” says Ventura. “We are very conscious lighting and electronics. of the decisions we make to ensure they are in line with the Ventura attributes the ease of implementing green recertification process. Thanks to our comprehensive data purchasing programs at AmericanAirlines Arena to the collection and green building success to date, we can also HEAT ’s longstanding vendor relationships and loyalty. “We easily justify new greening projects by showing our executive are very loyal to our vendors. They are also loyal to us and staff a cost–benefit analysis of why an up-front investment is make sure we are the best we can be,” she says. “For example, a good idea in the long term.” one of our suppliers, Dade Paper, has been in the building since day one. They were really great about going through all of our requirements and communicating about upcoming leSSonS from the field products. They assisted us in a seamless transition to new greening and leed certification have multiPle products, such as 100 percent recycled paper towels and EPA- dividendS; you will likely recouP your recommended foam soap.” inveStment: According to Ventura, the direct benefits of Thanks to these strong relationships, the HEAT Group was greening and LEED certification include financial savings, also able to rely on partners for sponsorship of its LEED- green-based sponsorships, brand enhancement, competitive based green initiatives. “We’ve had an account with Home advantage, raised community profile and improved company Depot for about 10 years and they sponsored our first year culture. Despite devoting more than $70,000 to their LEED of LEED certification,” says Ventura. “Waste Management application, the HEAT ’s return on investment for all of the has also been in the building since day one. They were green projects included in their LEED process was less very supportive of our LEED application process as well than one year, with millions in resource savings since then. and continue to partner with us to significantly expand “Sustainability equals savings. In one year, thanks to our our recycling programs. They provide all of the balers, greening and responsible energy consumption measures, toters, garbage cans and signage for branding. They have we saved $1.6 million,” Ventura notes. “We also attracted also sponsored community outreach programs like our about $1 million in new corporate sponsors, which include e-Recycling drive in April 2012. The recycling proceeds from Home Depot and Waste Management, who aligned with our all of the electronics went directly to Miami-Dade County greening efforts as sponsors of our LEED initiative.” Public Schools to aid in their efforts to upgrade technology in classrooms across our county. ” uSe the readily available online reSourceS The HEAT ’s vendors have played a key role in watching to break down the greening ProceSS: “The most the market for new technologies as well. “We make most important takeaway is not to be overwhelmed by the process, of the building products purchasing decisions internally particularly for LEED,” says Ventura. “When you begin it can for things like lightbulbs and office supplies,” explains seem very overwhelming, but NRDC, the U.S. Green Building Ventura. “In terms of our cleaning supplies and larger pieces Council, and the EPA have a ton of resources for people trying of equipment, we rely on our vendors to bring us new to be greener and/or achieve LEED certification. It is not technologies as they come out. We are very lucky that we have as overwhelming or daunting as it seems if you have your a good relationship with our major vendors, and they are very information in order and use these resources as a guide.” vigilant about bringing these new products to us. They are very aware that we have high standards and are working on recertification.” Page 47 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

48 there are Plenty of green alternativeS to leed “we Trend our evenT s T o see LEED isn’t the only way to be greener and certification: when consumpTion peaks for save money. ”Form an eco-committee, join EPA’s EnergyStar chilled wa Ter and elecTriciT y program, increase recycling, reduce water and paper use, adopt LEED’s green cleaning requirements, green your supply T we can adapT and so Tha chain, promote carpools, use renewable energy and raise become more efficienT ,” public awareness,” suggests Ventura. T “if you don’T have Tha says Ventura. engage fanS with green activitieS on the Tion available T informa o you, concourSe: “We had Pepsi’s Dream Machine on the Ta, There is no way The basic da concourse. Fans and employees could deposit plastic bottles T you’re To geT a handle on wha and turn them into points, which could be redeemed for coupons at local establishments and prizes including mini o improve.” using and how T HEAT souvenirs,” says Ventura. “We installed the Dream Machine recycling attraction in partnership with PepsiCo, and the revenue from recycling the plastic bottles and aluminum cans was donated to funds that lend support to track your reSource uSe facility-wide and keeP U.S. veterans with disabilities, which was another added comPrehenSive recordS: “We’ve been keeping records incentive for fans to participate.” since day one. We know how much we’ve consumed and spent since the day we opened,” says Ventura. “It has been attract additional PreSS by having multiPle so helpful to create those baselines for LEED certification. “We were able to extend our ‘green unveilingS at once: We have numbers, graphs, consumption trends and demand limelight’ to about three months by coordinating multiple analysis for all of our utilities that can be used as a quick unveilings at once,” says Lorrie-Ann Diaz. “We unveiled our reference guide as needed. We also use the data to help LEED certification three weeks after our 3,400-square-foot, us gauge our budget projections and monitor our peak low-energy-consumption LED screen was installed and consumptions.” continue to promote our certification on the front fascia of the building.” uSe electronic bluePrintS of your facility: “ We recommend having accurate final blueprints for your facility. We use computer-aided design. The blueprints are extremely helpful for calculating square footage and dividing building space by type,” explains Ventura. “Some LEED credits require you to upload blueprints, so having electronic versions—and someone who can manipulate the documents to showcase only the areas requested for LEED—is very beneficial.” endnoteS 1 “AmericanAirlines Arena Awarded prestigious LEED® Green Building Certification.” Heat news, (April 15, 2009). news/aaarena_awarded_LEED.html (accessed June 19, 2012). 2 ibid. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 48 |

49 CASE STUDY Safeco field, home of the Seattle marinerS BaLLP arK ST aTS Seattle, Washington location: began construction: March 8, 1997 opened: July 15, 1999 Seating capacity: 47,860 owner: Washington-king County Stadium Authority operator: Baseball Club of Seattle Lp venue uses: MLB games, amateur baseball events, collegiate football events, and corporate and political events $722 million (in 2012 dollars) construction cost: why go green? the marinerS’ greening Story: motivationS, challengeS and In the simplest terms, “Greening is good for the bottom line,” says Jenkins. But beyond just cost savings, the Mariners leSSonS from the field see greening as a business opportunity that supports a The Seattle Mariners have been leading the environmental triple bottom line. “It’s an opportunity to drive financial charge in stadium operations ever since Scott Jenkins, vice performance, reduce your costs and green your brand, president of ballpark operations, joined the team midseason which gives you the ability to sell to more people and build in 2006 and immediately set out to make the stadium’s a deeper relationship with your customer,” Jenkins explains. operations more efficient. Since then, the Mariners have “Reducing your environmental impact is an opportunity to saved nearly $1.5 million in energy costs, and Safeco Field do the right thing as a business.” Jenkins adds that greening boasts the lowest energy intensity of all the Major League in professional sports is coming to be expected by fans: Baseball stadiums that participate in EPA’s EnergyStar “A growing segment of the population is interested and program. Jenkins and the Mariners are founding members concerned about sustainability, so I see the trajectory of of the Green Sports Alliance and have received numerous green as growing rather dramatically.” awards for Safeco Field’s environmental initiatives, including the Washington Green 50 Special Leadership Award given by Seattle Business magazine in 2011. where to Start? The Mariners’ environmental initiatives began when Jenkins arrived in 2006. Fortunately for the Mariners, Jenkins “iT’s an opporTuniT o reduce y T brought a wealth of greening knowledge and experience your cosT s, green your brand from his tenure with the Philadelphia Eagles, where he worked directly with NRDC to address the environmental al and reduce your environmenT impacts of the team and stadium operations starting in 2003. . Those are The Three big impacT Jenkins and his operations team began by identifying the reasons i Think we should be biggest environmental impacts at the stadium, and which of these impacts the ballpark had the most influence over. “By doing This; why [The mariners] doing a carbon footprint analysis it became really apparent are; and why we’re geTTing that the biggest issues around events were fan travel—the supporT a T The league level, The guests coming to and from our stadium—and the energy and water we consumed at our buildings,” Jenkins says. By execuTive level, The ownership targeting areas with the biggest cost savings opportunities, level, from The sT aff and from Jenkins and his team were able to make the business case for says Scott Jenkins, Mariners The fans,” environmental initiatives at the stadium. “Right away, the areas we could work on were energy conservation and water vice president of ballpark operations. conservation, which definitely have bottom-line benefits.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 49 |

50 Developing a baseline of their current performance was stanDout CComPlishments greening a vital for the Mariners. Jenkins explains, “Here in Seattle, the one really key component was having metrics to be able to Through numerous energy efficiency efforts, the H understand how you were performing over time and set some goals for improving that. Fortunately we had a good history of Mariners saved approximately $1.5 million in utilities data for the life of the building—we could go back month by costs (electricity, natural gas, water and sewer) from month to see what we consumed and what we 2006 to 2011 by reducing natural gas use by 60 sent to the landfill. So we really started with that base percent, electricity use by 30 percent and water use knowledge of how we performed in the past, business-as- by 25 percent. usual, and what we thought we could accomplish in a new The team replaced its old incandescent bulb H way of doing business.” Looking at this baseline data, Jenkins and the operations scoreboard with a new LED scoreboard, which team decided to focus on areas where they had the most lowered annual electricity consumption by more control and where the biggest savings opportunities were— than 90 percent (from 1.2 million kilowatt-hours which were primarily in energy use. Jenkins wanted to find to 130,000 kilowatt-hours) and reduced energy out how much was being spent on utilities and to set a new costs by $50,000 per year. low standard for energy consumption. Making the financial H Energy initiatives have resulted in an average annual argument went hand in hand with reducing consumption. “I energy savings of $298,500 per year, with savings challenged the engineering staff by saying, ‘Look, we’re going to try to save $100,000 over the next year and here’s how we’re as high as $350,000 per year, compared with going to do it. First of all, we all need to realize what we spend expenditures in 2006. on a daily basis on gas and electric energy in this building.’ Energy reductions have reduced carbon dioxide- H “It turned out we were spending more than $4,000 a day equivalent emissions by 21.2 million pounds a year. on energy and water. I said, ‘Imagine if every day you went home from work and went to your mailbox and there was a H The Mariners established zero waste goals, which utility bill that said you owe $4,000 today. And then tomorrow increased waste diversion rates from 12 percent in you go to the mailbox and get another bill that says you owe 2006 to 81 percent in 2011, saving $95,000 in $4,000 today.’ All of a sudden the invisibility of the cost of landfill costs in 2011 and reducing greenhouse gas those things became apparent. This stuff is money.” emissions by 10.4 million pounds (CO -equivalent) 2 By bringing these daily costs to their attention, from 2006 to 2011. Jenkins hoped to motivate the operations team to reduce unnecessary energy use. “It might be invisible when the The Mariners’ purchasing policies prioritize greener H electrons flow and the doors open and the heat goes out,” he products, including: says. “But the reality is we’re getting a gigantic bill for that, Hand towels and toilet tissue made from H and if we can be smarter about how we run this, like we run 100 percent recycled fiber with a minimum our own houses, we can do some big things.” of 65 percent post-consumer content (pcc) This approach has been highly successful. Since 2006, the Mariners have reduced their energy intensity at the Office paper made from 100 percent pcc H ballpark by 25 percent. Initially these gains involved the recycled fiber lowest-hanging fruit. “It was all low-cost, easily achieved things,” Jenkins says, “mostly better use of automation, H 97 percent of all custodial supplies certified better discipline in turning things off when they’re not being by entities such as Green Seal and Ecologo used, really low-cost stuff like aerators on faucets, weather “d aTa collecTion illumina Tes how you perform. y ou approach iT o measure and keep compleTely differenTly The minuTe you sT arT T Thers. in our indusTry, Track of Things and compare yourself T o o andings; Tha aTisTics and where you are in The sT iT’s all abouT sT T’s The core mission of our business on The playing field. and Tha T Tes compeTiTive na Ture and The desire T o know where you are Transla says Jenkins. Turally,” al side of Things quiTe na To The environmenT How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 50 |

51 challengeS: overcome and ongoing awards ield greening Program safeco f The next area the Mariners tackled was waste; the stadium’s landfill diversion rate was only 12 percent when Jenkins 2011 recycler of the Year (Business Generator), H arrived in 2006. While the initial cost savings from waste Washington State Recycling Association diversion were not as high as the savings from the energy H excellence award 2011 v enue , International initiatives, Jenkins viewed the recycling program as a visible way to connect greening initiatives with the fan community. Association of Venue Managers “The recycling piece of it is big in terms of engagement with H 2011 Washington green 50 special leadership the fan, so that’s a natural place to start the conversation with Seattle Business magazine , award your customers and employees. It’s one of the few things that Recycling and Waste Prole for the Mariners everybody participates in,” he explains. The Mariners now boast an impressive diversion rate stripping on doors, some upgrades on the controls. And of 81 percent, but it wasn’t easy getting there. Steadily lo and behold, that $100,000 I wanted to save turned into increasing recycling containers, training staff, and sorting 4% $275,000 in the first year.” 5% post-collection still left the team’s diversion rate hovering Food Waste 34% ■ Getting to the next level of gains required some outside 6% around 38 percent in 2009. Jenkins recalls admiring the Yard Waste 17% ■ help. “After the easy [improvements], then we started to do achievements of other teams (including the San Francisco 34% some engineering studies to figure out what we could do if ■ Landll 17% 7% Giants, whose recycling program was diverting around 85 we invested more money and took a look at the infrastructure Cardboard and ■ percent of stadium waste), but Safeco Field had separate bins we had. We subsequently spent about $1.5 million on a lot Oce Paper 10% for compost, trash and recycling that all had to be hand- 10% of retrofits,” Jenkins notes. These improvements included sorted after a game. “I thought, I just can’t justify that much ■ Misc. Recyclables 7% retrofitting with low-flow urinals (which use 1 pint of water cost in labor to sort. But if I manage the supply chain side of ■ Co-Mingle 6% per flush, rather than 1 gallon), recommissioning all HVAC it, I don’t have to do that much sorting,” says Jenkins. ■ PET 5% systems, upgrading controls and equipment, and upgrading 17% One key solution to the sorting problem was to switch 17% lights. Despite the higher up-front cost, these retrofits quickly ■ Construction food and beverage packaging and serviceware entirely paid for themselves. “You can get payback for some of those Debris 4% to compostable or recyclable products and get rid of the investments in as little as two, three or five years,” says garbage bins altogether. “We decided to control our own Jenkins. “In tough economic times, it sure is nice to know destiny and do it from the supply side, making sure that most Organics = 51% (Food Waste + Yard Waste) you can invest x amount of money and guarantee your rate of our serviceware is compostable. So we basically took the of return in a short amount of time and then it’s all gravy garbage away so fans no longer have that option. They have after that. Certainly utility rates are not going down, they’re the choice of a compost bin and a bin for bottles and cans. going up, sometimes in double digits, so we’ve really If I don’t have a landfill container for them, they can’t put insulated ourselves from future increases in costs by compostables or recyclables in it, so I don’t have to sort it out. reducing our usage.” I like to think we’ve kind of outsmarted people a little bit.” Safeco Field Weather Normalized Energy Use Intensity Annual Recycling Rate kBtu/Sq. Ft. 147.6 150 100 FY11 $95,000 Saved and 974 Tons Recycled 124.2 124.9 81% 116.1 113.4 80 120 110.2 70% 60 90 38% 60 40 31% 25% 18% 30 20 12% 0 0 2010 2011 2010 2008 2006 2011 2009 2008 2006 2005 2007 2007 2009 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 51 |

52 share of that waste that is just in the wrong place. And if we After making the switch to compostable products, the sort it and [remove] half of that stuff from the landfill-bound Mariners’ diversion rate quickly jumped to more than 70 stream that’s in the wrong place and recycle it, we’ll jump percent. But there were a few hitches along the way. “The first from 81 percent to 90 percent.” year that we switched to getting rid of ‘landfill containers’ on Of course, making the switch to entirely compostable the concourse, our Pepsi cup was lined with plastic, and our serviceware was not an easy feat, Jenkins explains. “But pizza box had a cellophane window in it, so two years ago we that’s been a story where things are getting better. Initially had to sort out every Pepsi cup and pizza box—and you can’t with compostable products you didn’t have a lot to choose imagine how many of those you sell at a ballpark in a year,” from, and it was fairly expensive. You do have to be careful Jenkins recounts. It was a learning process. “We didn’t have because you really can’t spend more on these items, and the the supply chain set up right yet—we were at a 71 percent performance characteristics can be different—they are more recycling rate, but every cup and box we had to sort out and susceptible to heat. But those things are getting much better send to the landfill.” now as people are starting to buy more of it. The marketplace By 2011, Jenkins had solved some of these problems by has reacted; there are more suppliers, more types that you working directly with the vendors, which brought Safeco’s can buy, and the cost is coming down. There will be a point recycling rate up to its current level of 81 percent. But the where it’s financially irrelevant whether you buy petroleum- Mariners still are aiming higher: “Our goal is to get to 90 based products or compostable ones.” percent recycling. A few years ago, 90 percent of our waste The Mariners have been working to engage their fans in went to the landfill. So we’re completely flipping our waste their zero waste initiatives. One program, begun in 2012, is stream on its head.” the BASF Kid Compost Trivia Game, which takes place during A few items are still posing challenges for the Mariners in 10 Saturday home games of the season. “We basically ask achieving their goal of a 90 percent recycling rate. “It’s largely an environmentally themed question at the end of the first packaging and things that are in the wrong spot. The hard inning and encourage fans to visit one of our 16 Zero Waste things we have now are the individual packets of condiments Stations for information about our zero waste initiative, and the pre-packaged items—like a candy bar [wrapper] or where we have Camp Fire USA volunteers working to help a potato chip bag or a packet of ketchup or tartar sauce,” fans recycle and encourage them to play the game,” explains Jenkins explains. “All that stuff is not easily recyclable or Jenkins. “At the end of the seventh inning, one lucky fan who compostable for us, so it ends up as contamination in our has texted in the correct answer is awarded a Kindle Fire and compost stream. We’re working with our vendors to figure out an autographed baseball. It's a great program. On the first better packaging or better ways to serve the products to our Sustainable Saturday, we gave away 10,000 kitchen compost guests that reduce packaging and convert what packaging we catchers branded with Felix Hernandez so fans could collect do need over to compostable.” organic waste at home and place it with their yard waste.” Jenkins is confident that sorting out these remaining items While the waste diversion program at Safeco Field will get the Mariners to their recycling goal. “Now that we’re has been a challenging, multiyear process, the financial down to a relatively small percentage of waste that’s going to savings have started to add up considerably: In 2011, the the landfill, we’re starting to sort it because there is a good Recycling and Waste Prole for the Mariners 4% 5% ■ Food Waste 34% 6% ■ Yard Waste 17% 34% ■ Landll 17% 7% ■ Cardboard and Oce Paper 10% 10% ■ Misc. Recyclables 7% ■ Co-Mingle 6% ■ PET 5% 17% 17% ■ Construction Debris 4% Organics = 51% (Food Waste + Yard Waste) Page 52 game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment | Safeco Field Weather Normalized Energy Use Intensity Annual Recycling Rate kBtu/Sq. Ft. 147.6 150 100 FY11 $95,000 Saved and 974 Tons Recycled 124.2 124.9 81% 116.1 113.4 80 120 110.2 70% 90 60 38% 60 40 31% 25% 18% 20 30 12% 0 0 2008 2006 2011 2007 2009 2008 2010 2005 2006 2009 2010 2011 2007

53 “iT Turned ouT we were spending more Than $4,000 a day on energy and wa Ter,” says Jenkins. “i said, ‘imagine if every day you wenT home o your mailbox and There was a uTiliT y bill from work and wenT T oday. and Then T Tha T said you owe $4,000 T omorrow you go T o The mailbox and geT ano Ther bill Tha T says you owe $4,000 T oday.’ all y of The cosT of Those Things became of a sudden The invisibiliT . This sTuff is money.” apparenT Mariners saved $95,000 in avoided landfill costs. While get the right PeoPle involved from your these savings are a direct result of the Mariner’s 81 percent Staff: Assembling a core green team of staff from different landfill diversion rate, part of the savings does have to do departments is key to getting environmental initiatives off the with the local infrastructure in Seattle, Jenkins admits. “In ground, according to Jenkins. “You’ve got to build that team big-population areas it costs a lot to send things to a landfill. of people to get things done, because everyone is so busy We’re lucky it costs less to compost. So there’s an economic and distracted by what they normally do, and this is a whole incentive for us to divert from landfill to composting. When other thing that you’re layering on that traditionally these you look at the value of all the recycling streams we had last organizations have not done in their core business function. year, if we chose to landfill everything, we would have spent You’re fighting for people’s attention and organizational nearly $100,000 more.” attention.” Finding staff members who are passionate about this work is crucial to developing and sustaining the program. “One of the challenges we have is to get the right leSSonS from the field help involved because we can’t dedicate staff members full- time for some of these things,” Jenkins explains. “You start data collection driveS Performance and helPS picking your dream team by who is it that you need to engage target your effortS where you will get the to accomplish that next objective—so the engineering staff, Keeping consistent data on your facility’s moSt benefit: security staff, food service personnel and procurement staff consumption highlights areas for improvement and cost are all key people to work with and play a huge role.” Also, savings, and helps guide your environmental efforts keep in mind that greening work may still be slowly making accordingly. “You have to target your efforts on where you’re its way into job descriptions, Jenkins points out. “Everybody going to get the benefit,” says Jenkins. “By looking at our data, is already gainfully employed and working over 40 hours a [we saw that] water, electricity, natural gas and recycling week in their regular job, so people are doing things where were all really obvious places to start.” Tracking this data they can within the scope of their normal work and adding will also drive improved performance. “Data collection a whole new component of sustainability to it from an illuminates how you perform. You approach it completely operational standpoint, or a marketing or PR standpoint.” differently the minute you start to measure and keep track of things and compare yourself to others. In our industry, “At the end of recognize the effortS of your Staff: it’s all about statistics and where you are in the standings; the day, you’re engaging lots of people all over the ballpark in that’s the core mission of our business on the playing field. a common effort, and I think the real plus is the satisfaction And that competitive nature and the desire to know where they get from knowing they helped us succeed,” says Jenkins. you are translates to the environmental side of things quite “It comes down to recognition. I think [recognizing staff ] naturally.” is very powerful, because they get that one-to-one pat on the back—‘Hey, that’s a great idea’—and they can feel good greening iS an ongoing journey. Start Small about what they do in the larger context of our improving our and build uP: “I would say the biggest obstacles are that bottom line and reducing our environmental impact.” you can’t do it yourself, you can’t force change—it has to evolve, and you have to have a base for it,” says Jenkins. “So you’ve got to start small and count your wins, your little successes along the way, and celebrate those. It’s a journey; it’s not going to happen overnight. And you’ve really got to engage a lot of different stakeholders to make it work.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 53 |

54 ©Seattle Mariners patient and measured in what you expect is going to happen, look for oPPortunitieS to P artner with local because it doesn’t happen overnight. Again, I think that’s comP Many sustainability anieS and organizationS: where it pays to choose your opportunities carefully and start initiatives require up-front investment, and partnering with small. Get a little success, get a little wind in your sail. And local companies or organizations can be helpful in sharing when you’ve done that and learned from it and figured out a some of these costs. “Fortunately in sports we have the ability better way to do it, then look for the next opportunity.” to partner with other companies in the environmental space, and we’re able to take advantage of these relationships,” “ I t ’s SuStainability iS a buSineSS oPPortunity: says Jenkins. “We’ve gotten help from Seattle Public Utilities, an opportunity to reduce your costs, green your brand and Seattle City Light and McKinstry [a mechanical contractor reduce your environmental impact. Those are the three big that specializes in energy projects], and we’ve invested reasons I think we should be doing this; why [the Mariners] money at times to do the engineering studies in order to find are; and why we’re getting support at the league level, the out what projects will give us the best payback. So there’s executive level, the ownership level, from the staff and been a bit of work involved, but we’ve gotten a lot of help from the fans,” Jenkins remarks. “There seems to be a lot of from the outside and we’ve supported it financially to seed momentum around sustainability, but I do also think the some of the engineering that needs to be done to figure out biggest selling point is the business case—because that’s what those projects are.” what’s really going to drive this to take place with sports and venues. That’s what businesses do. When you can prove the be P atient: Greening programs won’t be successful business case for it, you’ve made the initiative sustainable overnight. “You have to be willing to try things that fail, from a business standpoint. And we’re at that point where learn from them and make adjustments,” Jenkins advises. everyone’s realized this, and everyone’s starting to do things “When you’re trying to change millions of people’s behavior, in this space. “ it’s very difficult to get the message out. You have to be very How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment Page 54 game changer: |

55 CASE STUDY StaPleS center, home of the loS angeleS cliPPerS, loS angeleS lakerS, loS angeleS kingS, and loS angeleS SP arkS arena ST aTS Los Angeles, California location: March 31, 1998 began construction: opened: october 17, 1999 Seating capacity: 20,000 owner: AEG operator: AEG venue uses: nBA, WnBA and nHL games, concerts, family shows, Grammy Awards and other high-profile events. construction cost: $407 million December 2010 iSo 14001 certification: StaPleS center’S greening Story: why go green? motivationS, challengeS and Efficiency and innovation have always been important to STAPLES Center’s management team. “We’re always leSSonS from the field reminded by our ownership to save energy, save water, STAPLES Center in downtown Los Angeles is undoubtedly identify state-of-the-art technology and pass on these one of the busiest arenas in the world, hosting more than practices and lessons whenever possible,” says Bill Pottorff, 250 events and nearly 4 million guests each year. The arena vice president of engineering for STAPLES Center and Nokia is home to four professional sports franchises—the NBA’s Theatre L.A. Live. “When you realize that this is truly a Los Angeles Lakers and Los Angeles Clippers, the NHL’s 2012 priority to our organization, you have to look for ways to do Stanley Cup Champion Los Angeles Kings and the WNBA’s that. Beginning with the planning and design of STAPLES Los Angeles Sparks—and also hosts many high-profile Center in 1998, this has always been our way of life.” events, including the annual X Games and Grammy Awards. “AEG’s corporate sustainability program—the collection of Other notable events include the 2004 and 2011 NBA All-Star information and recognition of the environmental priority— Weekends, the 2002 NHL All-Star Game, the 2000 Democratic formally started in 2006 when our music branch AEG Live National Convention, and the 2011 World Figure Skating raised the question to our CEO,” explains Jennifer Regan, Championships. global sustainability director at AEG, STAPLES Center’s owner Since the arena opened in 1999, STAPLES Center’s and operator. “They said, ‘Hey, we’ve got artists and staff operations team has aimed to run it as efficiently as who care about the environment; we need to address our possible. With the help of AEG, STAPLES Center has become environmental impact.’ The CEO realized that our clients and a leader in environmentally better practices, boasting a our content division were telling us that we needed to answer 1,727-panel solar array atop its roof; high-efficiency lighting, these questions. He turned to the company’s corporate office equipment, and energy management systems; and waterless and asked them to put together a green team.” urinals, among other initiatives. AEG and STAPLES Center developed an environmental management system (EMS) to guide employees in reducing the environmental impact of where to Start? STAPLES Center’s daily operations. As a result, the STAPLES “STAPLES Center’s management team have always been early Center became the first U.S. arena to receive an ISO 14001 adopters of innovative technology while being proactive in certification in 2010. connecting with their corporate, government and community partners to identify best uses for these technologies,“ says Regan. “For example, they began installing electric charging stations for their guests beginning in 1999 when the arena first opened.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 55 |

56 stanDout greening a CComPlishments H The center has time schedules for and photo cell H STAPLES Center is the first U.S. arena to achieve ISO control of exterior lighting. 14001 certification for an environmental management system (EMS), a written program setting forth Super-efficient three-phase motors are in use. H environmental goals and practices. H All 178 conventional urinals were replaced with H The venue uses AEG’s Ecometrics system to measure waterless urinals—for total annual savings of more and report environmental data and performance. than 7 million gallons of water and about $28,200 in direct water costs. The center implemented a variety of conservation H measures through its EMS to reduce electricity The center documents and achieves at least a 50 H consumption overall by 12 percent. percent landfill diversion rate annually in full compliance with California AB 2176, collecting cardboard, wood H It installed a 1,727-panel solar array covering 25,000 pallets and electronic waste and, with the help of Levy square feet of the arena’s roof. The 345.6-kilowatt Restaurants, collecting glass, plastic and aluminum system supplies 5 to 20 percent of the building’s beverage containers. energy use (depending on load) and produces 525,000 kilowatt-hours annually, saving an average Over 90 percent of STAPLES Center cleaning products H of $55,000 per year. have green certifications. In 2012 a comprehensive lighting retrofit replaced H 100 percent of all toilet paper, paper towels and copy H almost 3,000 halogen fixtures throughout the facility paper are a minimum of 30 percent post-consumer with more energy-efficient LEDs, saving nearly recycled content. $80,000 per year—2 percent of total energy costs. H Electrical vehicle charging stations have been installed H Low-voltage lighting relays control the sequence in adjacent parking lots and structures. and operation of all task, general and event lighting, Public transportation is encouraged through partnerships H illuminating groups for specific times and uses. with Los Angeles Kings, with ticket discounts offered to H The facility switched to electronic ballast instead of metro riders and other tenants and promoters. magnetic ballast. H Secure bike racks were installed on the venue property, H It uses variable-speed drives on all air handlers and and management is reviewing contracts for bike valet one chiller. programs for major events. Most of STAPLES Center’s environmental initiatives began Regan explains. “From the AEG side of the story, beginning with behind-the-scenes efficiency projects. “A lot of it was in 2008, we engaged industry experts and consultants to help just best practices in the industry,” explains Pottorff. “One of us identify projects and develop the core components of our our first projects was putting medium-volt 4160-volt variable environmental program, which we now call AEG 1Earth. The frequency drives on our primary chiller here. That was about core components of the program are AEG’s environmental a 2¼-year payback. Those drives are typically done on 480- policy, long-term goals and an environmental performance volt chillers, and we took it up a level. People had been doing tracking system, AEG Ecometrics. As the home base and them on medium-voltage chillers for a couple of years, which flagship venue, STAPLES Center was the test ground for early led us to believe we could go further. It was a fun project versions of Ecometrics and several other projects.” because we took a 480-volt drive card and put it into our In 2008, STAPLES Center participated in a number of 4160-volt chiller and basically tricked it. We got everything energy and water audits, one of which NRDC arranged tweaked and fine-tuned and it’s been running great ever through the L.A. Department of Water and Power, to since.” analyze the building’s energy and water use and identify AEG’s corporate sustainability department set out to opportunities for further efficiency enhancements. “We develop an environmental program that would provide did an energy assessment and identified low-hanging employees with guidance and the tools necessary to improve fruit,” says Regan. “The energy audit ultimately confirmed AEG’s environmental performance. “We had a sustainability the importance of projects that our engineers had already committee with leaders from each business unit meeting proposed. Ultimately, the results helped the management to develop a sustainability road map. We also included the team prioritize the opportunities and identify rebates.” STAPLES Center team on that committee as their wealth of Among these confirmed efficiency opportunities were experience and success stories helped everyone to see how lighting and equipment retrofits, onsite solar panels, and beneficial an environmental and efficiency priority could be,” waterless urinals, all of which have since been implemented. Page 56 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

57 describing an organization’s environmental best practices STAPLES Center also implemented numerous lighting and goals, including how to integrate environmental and equipment upgrades. “We’ve taken basically every responsibilities into its staff training and job responsibilities. incandescent bulb out on all three suite levels and replaced “ISO 14001 does not have a rating system—it identifies them with LEDs. That’s continuing in other areas of the the activities and topics that must be addressed but allows building,” says Pottorff. These lighting retrofits, expected the applicant to define how it will address them,” Regan to be completed in 2012, will replace more than 3,000 explains. “As ISO 14001 is self-defined, some people say it halogen fixtures with LEDs and will save an estimated has potential to be a weaker third-party certification. But $80,000 annually in energy costs. “Beyond energy savings, unlike LEED, ISO 14001 requires an annual third-party audit rebates from the utility and lowered labor costs also bring to ensure you comply with your self-defined program as down the costs of this investment,” notes Sam Kropp, vice well as with local and federal laws. LEED might be stronger president of building operations for STAPLES Center and about prescribing and ranking what environmental features Nokia Theatre L.A. Live. “We had our capital outlay and then should be implemented, but ISO is stronger in defining how the utility reimbursed us for a portion of that cost. And, I thoroughly to train and communicate your initiatives to staff think most notably, it’s the lack of labor needed to change and how to assign environmental responsibilities throughout these incandescent bulbs day in and day out that is most your operations,” she points out. Although LEED has always appealing. We have about 160 suites that basically had a been on the agenda for STAPLES Center, Regan says, “LEED minimum of six fixtures each, and now we’ve replaced all that doesn’t have an annual surveillance audit and doesn’t get with LEDs. That’s a big savings we realized there.” too prescriptive in terms of staff engagement. Since a lot of One of the STAPLES Center’s biggest projects in 2008 was our efficiency programs depend on how people manage our the installation of a 1,727-panel solar array covering 25,000 buildings, ISO was the first priority for us.” The ISO 14001 square feet of the arena’s roof—the largest solar array at any emphasis on staff training and annual auditing were key sports facility in the world at the time. The 345.6-kilowatt reasons why STAPLES Center pursued ISO certification first. system produces 525,000 kilowatt-hours annually, saving Examining each department and the role of its staff an average of $55,000 a year. “On a sunny day with a low members in the company’s environmental performance was base load of energy use, the panels provide up to 20 percent an essential piece in the ISO and EMS process. “We did a of energy use,” explains Regan. “Because we have over 250 formal environmental impact assessment and met with the events per year, including mega-events like the Grammy head of each department and identified which job positions Awards and NBA and NHL playoffs, the panels provide only 5 in their department had any impact on the environmental percent of our total annual energy use.” impacts of the company,” Regan explains. “This process By 2009, with a number of impressive efficiency projects helped the company understand where the impacts were under their belt, AEG and STAPLES Center wanted to go a and identified additional ways our staff could play a role step further in formalizing their environmental program. in reducing certain impacts. Everyone has a small impact “We wanted to take on our biggest challenge yet: engaging on consumption of paper and electricity. But a thorough our staff, vendors and tenants,” says Regan. “Collectively, we review of each department’s environmental impact helped us decided to develop a formal environmental management identify specific initiatives for each department. For example, system to systematize their efforts. They evaluated the only security could impact the energy consumption of the prospect of pursuing LEED certification for the building but security scanners by unplugging them at a certain times, ultimately decided to go after ISO 14001 certification of their while our box office staff could identify additional recycling EMS instead.” receptacles that would be needed because their office uses Regan explains AEG and STAPLES Center’s decision: more paper than our other offices.” “We were introduced to two key environmental systems Developing an EMS has helped expand the environmental in 2007: LEED and ISO 14001. We started to use the LEED program consistently throughout the entire company. standards internally to identify building projects, but they Starting in 2010, STAPLES Center created an organization- didn’t provide much guidance on how to engage and train wide green team that engages all arena divisions in staff. Having already performed a formal energy audit, AEG department-specific environmental initiatives. “We engaged was comfortable that the STAPLES Center’s operations all levels of management to create an arena-wide green and engineering team were proficient in terms of building team,” says Regan. “We had relied heavily on operations efficiency in line with many of the LEED guidelines,” she and engineers, but now with the green team, we are able continues. “We understood LEED’s value, but our challenge to engage guest services, human resources, security, our wasn’t in knowing what technology to put in place; it was in premium-seating staff and our food and beverage partner, understanding how to engage other parts of our venue in Levy Restaurants, which really didn’t happen till we did the the environmental program. So we thought that the most ISO certification.” important thing was to engage our employees, and we Getting the EMS in place required setting aside time each selected the standard we could use to that end.” week to focus on documentation work. “The average time to Unlike LEED’s fixed, environmental infrastructure–based develop an EMS is three hours a week for two months,” says requirements, an EMS is a self-defined written framework Regan. “This mainly encompasses documenting practices How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 57 |

58 approval took some time, explains Pottorff. “My first challenge with the urinals was many years ago. Not many aeg/staPles iso 14001 Certified people know this, but I tried to get them in the building two environmental management system years before they actually happened,” he says. Waterless urinals were still an unseasoned technology at the time, and training include: standard operating Procedures and many cities and facilities were still squeamish about their Chemical acquisition forms H performance in large facilities. “They weren’t really approved by the city of Los Angeles, and nobody really knew what to Energy conservation guidelines H do about them,” Pottorff continues. But STAPLES Center’s H Environmentally preferable procurement guidelines operations and engineering team was adamant about the fixtures’ water savings and fought to pilot this technology Environmental activities risk ranking H at the arena. “Funny enough, two years later they’re in the H Generator testing procedures building and everybody loves them,” Pottorff laughs. Before 2008, each of the STAPLES Center’s urinals H Green event services consumed 44,000 gallons of water a year. The 178 Falcon Landscape and hardscape management plans H waterless urinals that replaced these flush fixtures save more than 7 million gallons of water per year and about $28,200 H Hazardous communication program annually in direct water costs. "We have estimated that we are H Hazardous and universal waste program saving approximately $2,350 per month at STAPLES Center in direct water costs, not factoring in sewer charges and H Integrated pest management plan any other municipal taxes,” says Pottorff. “Each urinal saves Lighting policy H roughly 4.5 hundred cubic feet [of water] per month.” STAPLES Center is a big advocate for the waterless Paint management plan H technology and has been able to debunk a lot of the Refrigerant audit log H uncertainty surrounding the fixtures with the success of its installation. “People ask us about them all the H Solid waste guidelines time,” says Pottorff. “Our response is always that they are Spill prevention plan H fantastic, as long as you do the maintenance exactly as it’s recommended.” Maintenance mainly includes routinely H Water conservation guidelines flushing out the pipes and replacing cartridges. “We actually send a camera down random pipes annually, just to have a that haven’t been previously recorded, and occasionally look in the pipes and see if anything is going wrong,” Kropp identifying new practices to implement.” There is also adds. “And we haven’t had any issues yet. We do get an time spent with ongoing documentation for the EMS, occasional hiccup with it, but it’s not like before when we had she notes. “The average time to maintain an EMS is three the water urinals and people would throw paper towels in. We hours per month. This includes training refreshers, green don’t have stoppages like we used to with the standard flush team meetings, identifying new things to implement and urinal.” Continuous training of staff about the upkeep of the updating documentation to reflect changes in process or urinals has contributed to this success, Pottorff explains. new practices.” Although there is no cost to developing the “Training is ongoing, and the company, Falcon, will come EMS documentation or process, there are costs to achieve out whenever we ask them to at no charge and we’ll have a ISO certification. According to STAPLES Center management, refresher course for the maintenance staff,” he says. the external audit and ISO 14001 certification initially cost Even with their strong existing environmental between $8,000 and $10,000, with an annual recurring cost achievements, STAPLES Center executives are constantly of between $1,500 and $3,000, depending on the size of the looking for ways to improve. Increasing recycling rates is at venue. the top of their to-do list. “We are really working on public The documentation process may be time-consuming, but recycling at the arena, and that’s something AEG 1Earth and it pays off. “Everything we do has to be documented, and it Jennifer Regan are key partners in,” says Kropp, “in trying was a big deal to set it up—it took over a year,” recalls Pottorff. to get the appropriate capital to get the right receptacles “But once you get it, and get the certification, you realize that and branding in the public spaces, as well as the PSAs, and it’s really beneficial because every little bit of information that trying to fit that in with game script every night on our center we could ever need is right there on the computer.” bowl scoreboard. So we’re hopeful that we’ll succeed in that endeavor, which has been a challenge the last five years.” The current waste program achieves an event waste challengeS: overcome and ongoing diversion rate of up to 35 percent, but the operations team is still looking to incorporate a public-facing program, Kropp One of STAPLES Center’s more impressive environmental says. “From an operations standpoint, my biggest challenge initiatives was the replacement of the arena’s 178 water- right now is finding an aesthetically pleasing receptacle that flush urinals with waterless urinals in 2008. But this project’s How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 58 |

59 food concessionaire Levy Restaurants, and our community aeg ecometrics Data Collection system recycling partner, the Los Angeles Conservation Corps.” “We do a lot of source separation—that’s the key to resources Consumed: our diversion here,” says Kropp. “Our operations team coordinates the collection of cardboard from all of our Natural gas tenants, vendors and office staff as well as a robust lightbulb Electricity and battery collection that even encourages staff to bring them in from home. For cans and bottles, we allow both Water Levy Restaurants and the Los Angeles Conservation Corps Recycled water to take the deposit value [of the recyclables], but we take the diversion rate. Levy Restaurants does sorting in kitchens and Fuel (propane, diesel, petrol, fuel oils 1-4) behind the bars, and the Los Angeles Conservation Corps will Solvents (hazardous) do post-event sorting from the bowl, where, quite frankly, people don’t pick up after themselves, and that’s the time to Paper—janitorial/office capture those recoverable pieces: a cardboard popcorn bin, Green cleaning products an Aquafina bottle, an aluminum can. We’ll have about eight people here from the Los Angeles Conservation Corps, and Solar power every night we’ll focus on a specific recoverable.“ Biodegradable food service disposables In 2011, the arena started a composting program in its kitchens. “Our food composting program with Levy Sustainable food (local/organic) Restaurants has taken an incredible amount of weight out Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) of our waste stream, saving a lot of money,” says Kropp. “It’s a back-of-house program in two of the main kitchens, where most of the food is prepared. It just takes training Wastes generated: with the back-of-house chefs, new chefs and kitchen staff. So when they’re cutting up a watermelon, waste is going Solid waste—landfill into green receptacles, which are transferred to the loading Recycling dock and picked up for composting.” The arena has already seen success with this program; in April 2012, for example, it Lamps (controlled) diverted 4.78 tons of food waste from going into the trash. Electronic (controlled) “The next three steps are linking together the public Batteries (controlled) recycling and composting with fan engagement and sponsorship engagement,” says Regan. “AEG’s partnership Solvents (hazardous) with Waste Management is key to addressing these needs and Petroleum (hazardous) engaging fans in the program. Their sponsorship includes a recycling information kiosk and a Random Acts of Recycling fan engagement program to reward fans for recycling at emissions Calculated: games and events.” Engaging fans is “certainly a primary element we have Carbon (CO ) 2 talked about,” Kropp adds. “In-arena incentives are one tactic Nitrous Oxides (NOx) we are introducing to get fans involved. You know, if you take the recoverable item back to the refreshment stand, we have Sulfur Dioxide (SO ) 2 a designated receptacle and maybe we give you a discount off your next Coke. Some kind of incentive to really make the fan think twice about just throwing [a recyclable item] in a will handle trash and the sorting of recoverables in the public trash bin.” areas, or at least a portion of them, as opposed to just tackling “We need to cross over into where every guest at STAPLES them back-of-house.” Center will know that our operations are green,” adds Regan. STAPLES Center had a public recycling program in 2005, “ISO was good at getting all of our employees engaged. But but the public participation rate was so low that the labor and I really think that if we put a full-court press on engaging materials cost of maintaining separate bins was detracting the public in our recycling program, and eventually public from the more effective back-of-house recycling program. composting, we’ll achieve a new level of community pride in STAPLES Center made the hard decision to focus on behind- the venue.” the-scenes recycling, explains Kropp. “Our primary efforts right now are back-of-house before and after events, where we do source separation with our operations staff, our How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 59 |

60 ©STApLES Center an emS can P ave the way for leed: The extensive leSSonS from the field documentation collected by an EMS can also be helpful with with ProPer maintenance, waterleSS urinalS potential building certifications down the road. “That’s kind Save water and money: In 2008 STAPLES Center of the reason we went that route; we knew ISO 14001 was became one of the first large arenas to install waterless a little bit easier to get than LEED, but also a step toward urinals, and it has had great success with them. “We have LEED—it kind of paves the road,” says Kropp. “I generally like people calling us saying, ‘We’ve heard good things (and/ to describe an EMS as the program for your staff and LEED or bad things) about waterless urinals; we’ve heard they as the program for your building,” adds Regan. “I believe they smell, etc.,” Pottorff says. “And we always tell them the same are complimentary, and although they can exist separately, I thing: If you do the maintenance correctly, you won’t have think an EMS helps people who are pursuing LEED EBOM.” any problems.“ Making sure the pipes get flushed out and cartridges get replaced routinely is key, explains Kropp, “and an iSo certification enhanceS the legitimacy we do that quarterly, and religiously.” “Transparency is of your Program to the Public: essential for the success of any corporate environmental develoP an energy management SyStem program,” said Lee Zeidman, senior vice president and to organize your effortS: An environmental general manager of STAPLES Center, Nokia Theatre and L.A. management system helps to streamline data around Live, when the ISO certification was granted. “By making our sustainability initiatives and provides comprehensive environmental management systems available for third- documentation of your progress toward environmental party review, AEG and STAPLES Center are backing up our goals. “As a result of the EMS, there was a whole new level 1Earth commitments with aggressive actions to limit our of awareness,” says Kropp. “OK, so we get that battery bucket 1 environmental footprint.” in place, then where else are batteries being used? We set up additional buckets and communicate that to staff. Then we document where the batteries go when we’re done with them. So when we get audited—‘These batteries were taken at this point and this time, and disposed of properly, taken by this particular entity’—that whole process is documented,” he adds. endnoteS “STApLES Center Awarded Environmental Management System Certification,” pr newswire (December 14, 2010). 1 releases/staples-center-awarded-environmental-management-system-certification-111846539.html (accessed July 19, 2012). How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 60 |

61 CASE STUDY roSe garden arena, home of the Portland trail blazerS FaCILITY ST aTS location: portland, oregon began construction: July 12, 1993 opened: october 12, 1995 Seating capacity: 19,980 owner: portland Arena Management operator: portland Arena Management venue uses: professional basketball (nBA), hockey (WHL), concerts, family shows, conventions construction cost: $400 million (in 2012 dollars) leed certification: Certified LEED Gold for Existing Buildings: operations and Maintenance, in January 2010 The Blazers see greening as way to give back to their the trail blazerS’ greening Story: community. For Zeulner, it comes down to one key question: motivationS, challengeS and How can the Trail Blazers make their community better? leSSonS from the field Through their greening work, the Blazers have found a way In the sports greening space, the Trail Blazers are true to to marry community outreach programs with operational their name as industry leaders in green building and making savings to create a sustainable program with multiple a business case for environmentally intelligent operations. dividends. In January 2010 the Rose Garden Arena became the first professional sports arena in the United States (and in the world) to achieve LEED Gold certification under the U.S. where to Start? Green Building Council’s Existing Buildings standard. Like most teams, the Blazers started their greening work by Three years later, the Blazers are still achieving incremental getting buy-in and feedback from as many staff members resource savings in energy, water and waste each year that and partners as possible. They created a “sustainability team” continue to greatly benefit the team’s bottom line. To date made up of interested people from all departments. “The the Blazers have saved close to $500,000 in pure profit after vision to become the leader of sustainability in the sports recovering their up-front green investments in full. and entertainment community was initiated using a team approach, not only involving our staff, vendors, partners and business affiliates, but also embracing the support why go green? of our fans,” says Zeulner. “We feel our accomplishments When it comes to environmental stewardship, the and progress to fulfill our future goals are only achievable Blazers’ fans don’t just believe it’s an important business consideration, they expect it to be there. Many companies in “The porTland Trail blazers Portland recognize that they have a responsibility to reflect their community’s passion for environmental protection in o play a role in are proud T order to attract and maintain a strong clientele. The Blazers al porTland’s environmenT realized several years ago that their organization is no leadership. ideally, we different. The Rose Garden Arena embraced greening to become a are playing a role T o besT community and market role model while also proving the represenT The core values business case of greening. “Being in what is recognized as one of our ciT y and surrounding of the most sustainable cities on the planet, the Portland Trail Blazers are proud to play a role in Portland’s environmental says Justin Zeulner, communiTies,” leadership,” says Justin Zeulner, director of sustainability director of sustainability and planning and planning for the team. “Ideally, we are playing a role to for the team. best represent the core values of our city and surrounding communities.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 61 |

62 using a team effort, which includes support from our staff, Portland Trail Blazers Carbon Footprint management, fans, visitors, suppliers, vendors, business partners and our community. Attempts have been made Waste Disposal 2% to connect with all of these stakeholder groups, soliciting feedback and suggestions.” Campus Energy Next, the Blazers decided to hire an external consultant Use 24% to guide their resource measurement, develop a plan for upgrades and implement greening improvements. “Recognizing that we have a role to play in these larger Guest Business community objectives, such as enhancing our environmental Commuting Travel 4% impact, we started our programs by hiring a local, nationally 58% recognized sustainability consultant, Green Building Services, to accurately measure our current carbon footprint Employee Commuting 11% and provide us with a road map toward making significant reductions to these impacts,” explains Zeulner. “This involved an extensive Scope 3 analysis and development of several we continue to strive toward zero waste. Guest Services find sustainable policies, procedures and programs.” creative ways to help inform and encourage fans to recycle Once the Blazers had mapped out their environmental and compost while visiting the Rose Garden Arena. These are impacts, they developed a “sustainability charter” to better just a few examples.” frame the environmental mission statement that would guide their sustainability efforts. The charter is the Blazers’ “driving document that serves as a sustainability road map,” Water Savings Per Game-Day Event Electricity Savings Per Game-Day Event Waste Diversion Per Game-Day Event challengeS: overcome and ongoing Diversion Rate kWh/Event Day CCF/Event Day according to Zeulner. “The core charter developed to guide our sustainability initiatives, including the development of The Blazers decided early on that tracking was essential to 120 70,000 90% goals and strategies for each segment of our carbon footprint, their greening program. This decision led to two important 80% 60,000 100 was compiled by our sustainability team, a group of over 35 investments: first, hiring the Green Building Services 70% employees from all departments and levels of authority,” 50,000 consulting team, and second, undertaking an extensive 60% 80 he explains. “This group was tasked by our president and sustainability and carbon footprint analysis (see the above 40,000 50% executives to develop a path that would lead us to become 60 graph for the breakdown of the Blazers’ carbon impacts). 40% 30,000 and remain the leader of sustainability within our industry.” Zeulner says that the time and money his team invested 30% 40 20,000 Zeulner emphasized that top-level support greatly in the up-front measuring was quickly returned in resource 20% benefited the growth of the Blazers’ green program. “Our 20 savings as he was able to more easily identify the “low- 10,000 10% sustainability efforts have included senior leadership hanging fruit.” “These assessments and footprint analysis 0 0 0 support, to go along with unfettered dedication by our 2009 2010 201 2007 1 201 2008 2008 2010 2009 1 2010 2008 201 2009 1 provided a road map for us to implement strategies toward department leaders and front-line staff,” he says. “Executives maximizing our environmental performance,” says Zeulner. have paved the way with resources and vision, enabling “We started with easy wins that had paybacks of less than a environmental enhancement projects to be achieved.” few years, such as energy efficiency projects, implementation Thanks to strong executive leadership on greening, of advanced recycling and food waste composting operations, Zeulner’s sustainability team was able to quickly get green and implementation of environmental purchasing policies. initiatives happening in departments throughout the Rose These initial efforts have resulted in hundreds of thousands Garden’s operations. “Food and beverage management of dollars of operational savings, with payback met after just has found creative ways to source local and organic foods about a year.” and developed incentive programs to excite concession By starting with the green projects with the greatest return and kitchen staff to recycle and compost,” Zeulner notes. on investment, the Blazers were able to gain momentum “Operations teams have implemented purchasing strategies to pursue larger initiatives, like LEED certification. “While to ensure that we have eliminated toxic cleaning products these projects and procedures were implemented, we from our facilities, that strict environmental policies are met made the decision to seek LEED certification for existing regarding renovation and maintenance projects, and that buildings through the U.S. Green Building Council,” says arTed wiTh easy wins Tha T had paybacks of less Than a few “we sT years, such as energy efficiency projecT s, implemenT aTion of advanced recycling and food wasTe composTing opera Tions, and implemenT aTion s al purchasing policies,” “These iniTial efforT says Zeulner. of environmenT have resul Tional Ted in hundreds of Thousands of dollars of opera savings, wiTh payback meT afTer jusT abouT a year.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 62 |

63 end of the 2011 calendar year, we have saved close to Zeulner. “Implementation of our sustainability initiatives, $1 million while investing about $500,000, in less than including LEED, included in-depth meetings with all three years.” facility departments, contracted service providers, vendors The Blazers were awarded LEED Gold certification, the and suppliers (this includes waste haulers, contractors, highest level of LEED certification awarded to any major etc.). During the meetings, we clearly set expectations, sports venue to date, in January 2010. Despite this impressive provided context and review of our environmental policies accomplishment, the Blazers still push for ongoing savings and programs, included training about these topics and across the board (see adjacent graphs of the Blazers’ resource developed metrics that would be tracked for all areas to savings). Zeulner explains: “We were bestowed with Gold ensure compliance.” during the first part of 2010. This was a significant milestone The Blazers sought out additional outside guidance for for us, but we quickly continued to keep our momentum. their LEED process as well. These outside partnerships We implemented further deep building retrofits; invested provided Zeulner’s team with expertise on specific topics, further in bike and electric-vehicle infrastructure; developed such as onsite solar (NRDC) and carbon offsets (Bonneville partnerships with local environmental nonprofits to advance Environmental Foundation). “Successful development of their mission; invested in offsetting 100 percent of our energy, extensive sustainability programs requires partnerships with gas and water consumption impacts; joined Business for public and private enterprises. We sought out advice and Innovative Climate & Energy Policy; and helped found the leadership from organizations grounded in environmental Portland Trail Blazers Carbon Footprint Portland Trail Blazers Carbon Footprint Portland Trail Blazers Carbon Footprint Green Sports Alliance to share best practices within our values such as the NRDC, the U.S. Green Building Council, industry and further the impacts that leveraging professional Cascadia, the Living Future Institute, the Bonneville Waste Disposal 2% Waste Disposal 2% Waste Disposal 2% sports can have on larger global initiatives.” Environmental Foundation and the EPA,” says Zeulner. Campus Energy Campus Energy Campus Energy The Blazers have been able to use their greening work to “These organizations provide unique perspectives pertaining Use 24% Use 24% Use 24% strengthen their community presence and benefit the local to implementation of best practices and context to more economy by building for the future. “We are now assessing complex issues, such as procurement policies. Our success projects that go beyond the four walls of our arena and in reducing environmental impacts would have been more Guest Guest Guest attempting to inspire growth toward development of Eco- challenging without the support of these partners.” Business Business Business Commuting Commuting Commuting Districts,” says Zeulner. “This includes looking at things Financing efficiency upgrades and other green initiatives Travel 4% Travel 4% Travel 4% 58% 58% 58% like district energy, shared water management systems, is a constant hurdle, but Zeulner points out that the up- harvesting rainwater, developing gray-water reuse strategies, front capital to fund environmental programs can come Employee Employee Employee investing in district-scale food waste-to-energy systems, from a variety of sources. “In addition to internal capital Commuting 11% Commuting 11% Commuting 11% furthering renewable energy, reducing transportation- resources, we applied for and received local and federal grant related impacts to our region and other projects related to funding,” he says. “Grants included financial resources to maximizing environmental enhancements.” help implement energy-efficiency projects, recycling and So far the Portland public has been very receptive to the food waste compost programs, installation of electric-vehicle Blazers’ efforts and continue to support the team’s expanding charging stations and bike infrastructure endeavors. As of the Waste Diversion Per Game-Day Event Waste Diversion Per Game-Day Event Water Savings Per Game-Day Event Electricity Savings Per Game-Day Event Water Savings Per Game-Day Event Water Savings Per Game-Day Event Electricity Savings Per Game-Day Event Waste Diversion Per Game-Day Event Electricity Savings Per Game-Day Event kWh/Event Day Diversion Rate Diversion Rate kWh/Event Day kWh/Event Day CCF/Event Day Diversion Rate CCF/Event Day CCF/Event Day 120 120 120 70,000 70,000 70,000 90% 90% 90% 80% 80% 80% 60,000 60,000 60,000 100 100 100 70% 70% 70% 50,000 50,000 50,000 60% 60% 60% 80 80 80 40,000 40,000 40,000 50% 50% 50% 60 60 60 40% 40% 40% 30,000 30,000 30,000 30% 30% 30% 40 40 40 20,000 20,000 20,000 20% 20% 20% 20 20 20 10,000 10,000 10,000 10% 10% 10% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 201 1 2008 2008 2007 2010 201 1 2009 2009 1 1 2009 2008 1 201 2010 2009 2009 1 201 2010 2007 2008 2008 1 201 2010 2009 2008 2008 2010 201 2010 201 1 201 2008 2008 2007 2010 201 1 2009 2009 2010 2009 al programs can come from various sources. “funding environmenT o inTernal capiT al resources, we applied for and received in addiTion T “ says Zeulner. local and federal granT funding,” as of The end of The 2011 calendar year, we have saved close T o $1 million while invesTing abouT $500,000, in less Than Three years.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 63 |

64 greening program. “Our efforts have only received positive leSSonS from the field feedback, including thousands of positive media articles, greening, including leed certification, can be local achievement awards and immense fan applause,” an inveStment that P ayS off: While the up-front observes Zeulner. “The operational savings alone have investment in major greening upgrades is significant, the proved these efforts worthwhile, but beyond the business payoff is greater. The Blazers invested $560,000 in operations case, we have supported larger community goals, supported improvements around the Rose Garden. By 2011 the team brand development, enhanced the fan experience and made had recouped $411,000 in energy savings, $165,000 in water significant connections.” savings and $260,000 in waste diversion savings, with a total savings of $836,000. “As of the end of the 2011 calendar year, we have saved close to $1 million while investing about stanDout greening a CComPlishments $500,000, in less than three years,” says Zeulner. “We forecast that our savings will reach over $1 million by the end of 2012.” recycling: H More than 80 percent of operations waste is diverted from local landfills. Recycling stations develoP an organization-wide greening charter for visitors and a food waste composting program to guide your effortS: Once the Blazers had executive with vendors divert about 1,000 tons annually. buy-in and a sustainability team assembled, they developed 100 percent of food waste is composted. a sustainability charter to better frame the environmental mission statement that would guide their sustainability More than 30 percent of Rose Garden H transportation: efforts. “Establishing a charter, our driving document that attendees use public transportation or alternatives serves as a sustainability road map, led to the U.S. Green such as bicycle commuting. The team subsidizes Building Council assignment of LEED Gold certification for transit passes for staff and uses bikes and electric the Rose Garden arena in 2010, the first and only existing vehicles for onsite operations. 43 percent of Rose building in professional sports worldwide to achieve this Garden staff use alternative transportation. designation,” says Zeulner. The charter included the Blazers’ sustainability mission statement, which helped the team plan H energy, gas and Water: In addition to upgrading out and prioritize their green initiatives. to energy efficient lighting and low-flow plumbing fixtures, the Trail Blazers partnered with Pacific Power Set ProgreSSive goalS: Zeulner advocates setting and the Bonneville Environmental Foundation for the progressive goals to spur your green program to higher levels. purchase of 100 percent renewable energy programs The Blazers set a goal of carbon neutrality, which requires and Water Restoration Certificates for the Rose that they offset more carbon than they produce at the Rose Garden. The Blazers cut water use by 17 percent. Garden (evaluated using a Scope 3 carbon assessment with the 2007–2008 base year). The Blazers aimed for the highest Purchasing: The Trail Blazers developed partnerships H level of LEED certification to date and achieved it with the with suppliers for sustainable purchasing, including guidance of their outside consultants and partners. The more than 95 percent compostable food and Blazers also established a corporate sustainability initiative beverage serving containers and materials, 100 to incorporate environmental considerations into all internal percent recycled content trash liners, reusable decisions. commodities that replace disposables where feasible, green-certified chemicals and equipment, and remember to conSider imProvementS to sustainable food and beverage alternatives for fans. atron health via greening: Thanks emPloyee and P to the LEED certification process, the Blazers significantly improved indoor environmental quality at the Rose Garden. They did this by implementing an internal air quality plan, banning smoking, ensuring all ventilation and filter systems “The opera Tional savings met ASHRAE standards, promoting occupant comfort by providing lighting controls and thermal comfort, and using alone have proved These 54 percent green cleaning products and 73 percent green s worThwhile, buT efforT cleaning equipment to improve indoor air quality. beyond The business case, we have supporTed larger y goals, supporTed communiT brand developmenT , enhanced The fan experience and made significanT connecTions,” says Zeulner. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 64 |

65 CASE STUDY bell centre, home of the montreal canadienS arena ST aTS location: Montreal, Quebec began construction: June 22, 1993 opened: March 16, 1996 Seating capacity: 21,273 (hockey), 22,114 (basketball) owner: Molson family operator: Molson family venue uses: ice hockey, basketball, lacrosse, as well as concerts $270 million (in 2012 dollars) construction cost: become one of the leading arenas and sports clubs anywhere the canadienS’ greening Story: in the world in that regard,” says Xavier Luydlin, director of motivationS, challengeS and building operations for the Canadiens. “It was important leSSonS from the field for them that we become an impressive and respected The Bell Centre is the only professional sports venue in North corporation regarding sustainability.” America to be awarded three independent environmental From the outset, the Canadiens worked hard to take a certifications: LEED Silver for Existing Buildings (EBOM), system-wide approach to greening while also setting their ISO 14001, and Quebec’s ICI ON RECYCLE Level Three (the initiatives apart from those of other major sports venues. highest level). On October 13, 2009, the Canadiens became “The owners wanted to ensure that we put in place a system the first NHL team with a LEED-certified home arena and that shows the fans and Quebec that we really consider the first to achieve the LEED Silver level. A month later the greening a strong priority for our company,” says Luydlin. Canadiens were also awarded the International Organization “They pushed really strongly for something that reflects our for Standardization’s 14001 certification for implementing an commitment to greening and sets the Bell Centre apart from environmental management system (EMS). Three years later, all professional sports venues in North America.” the Canadiens are still expanding their green work, including The Canadiens’ green campaign wasn’t about saving planned renewal of their LEED EBOM certification in 2014. money but about a corporate priority to be socially responsible, though Luydlin’s team was able to achieve both. “The intention of the ownership was not to put in place a why go green? program to save money, but to be green,” he explains. “If we could make money at the end of the process, that would be For the Canadiens, greening started as a top-down initiative. great. We asked first, ‘What can we do to be green?’ and then “Our environmental program originated internally in 2007, said, ‘We’ll see if we can save money.’ Of course we are saving, ahead of the team’s 100th anniversary in 2009, as a legacy as our electricity and mechanical systems are much more element we’d be establishing for our current and future efficient, but our first goal was to be green.” generations of fans. In recent years the Molson family has really embraced our objectives and supported our goals to where to Start? Greening began at Bell Centre with an organization-wide T can , ‘wha “we asked firsT environmental directive from the owners. “It was such a we do T o be green?’ and Then priority that it was incorporated as a factor for all of the annual staff objectives,” says Luydlin. “It was important said, ‘we’ll see if we can save for some of the top management and the people directly money.’ of course we are involved in the process.” saving, as our elecTriciT y and From the outset, the Canadiens hired a local consulting firm to help guide the environmental certification process mechanical sysTems are much and verify their results. “The key staff teams that work on more efficienT , buT our firsT greening are operations and marketing. From the beginning says Xavier o be green,” goal was T we also involved the SMI Group, a top-notch consulting firm in Canada,” says Luydlin. “We hired them to make sure that Luydlin, director of building operations for an independent group could evaluate our process to make the Montreal Canadiens. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 65 |

66 sure that our numbers are accurate. As you know, in Montreal stanDout CComPlishments greening a the Canadiens are similar [in reputation and following] to the Yankees in New York.” In 2009 the Bell Centre was 35 percent more efficient H The first step for the Canadiens was measurement, with the help of their consultants. “The SMI Group helped us get in energy savings than any other venue of the same a detailed picture of the Bell Centre operations with a full type in North America. audit of our usage in 2008 in order to set our objectives for H 258 washrooms were changed to reduce water use, 2009,” explains Luydlin. “Water, waste and energy audits were which led to a reduction of approximately 20 percent essential for our certifications. We started with the audits and in overall water consumption. then began benchmarking nine or ten major sport venues in Canada and the U.S.” The organization decreased greenhouse gas emissions H During 2008 the Canadiens operations team spent (GHGs) by 28 percent by reducing natural gas several months collecting data around North America on consumption. resource use at other major sports venues and researching Environmentally conscious purchasing policies were H the greening efforts of their peers. “We looked at their best practices, but our objective was to make sure we were above introduced, and 80 percent of purchases now include the others,” says Luydlin. “Our upper management’s goal was products that are locally made and/or composed of to make sure that we did something different from our peers reused or recycled materials. and developed a more holistic greening program.” H The Canadiens eliminated all CFC gas emissions On the basis of their industry research and greening from team equipment. directive, Luydlin’s team decided to pursue the most well- regarded operations-based certifications available. “We A purchasing policy requires that the organization H realized that the best way to become a good example or a buy only environmentally friendly cleaning products. sports greening role model was to get three certifications,” All electrical products meet EnergyStar efficiency H says Luydlin. “The two main certifications were LEED and requirements. ISO 14001. By following those certifications in particular, we realized we could bring the Bell Centre to a different level of Reserved and priority parking is provided for H sustainability.” hybrid cars. From setting their goals to achieving all three certifications, the Canadiens made quick work of these leading environmental standards. “We aimed to do the certifications making recycling more readily available. “Our initial in a very short time frame. We did the whole process for all approach was to install 945 new three-tier recycling and three certifications in about a year and a half. That was the garbage bins around the building to make sure that people intention of our upper management, and we think it was put the right waste in the right bins. Another important a major achievement,” says Luydlin. “We wanted to put in component for increasing our diversion was to install a place a certified greening program that would show all of Green Squad of nine staff members who were responsible Canada that we are an example of sustainability.” Luydlin for managing waste during events and tracking our waste also emphasizes the importance of buy-in from leadership flow,” explains Luydlin. “We also have a sorting team of 10 for success: “It is very important to have the top management people who open all of the garbage at the end of an event to really commit. If it’s just a dream or a green statement just make sure that the fans threw their products in the correct for the sake of having a statement, it’s impossible to make a bin. It’s a very time-consuming process, but we learned that project at that scale possible.” it’s the only way to get the 80 percent diversion rate that we The Canadiens pursued the certifications one by one, needed for certification.” Luydlin’s team finally succeeded in beginning with the local waste-based standard called ICI ON diverting more than 80 percent of their waste, and the Bell RECYCLE (“here we recycle”), which is a Quebec government Centre was awarded Level 3 ICI ON RECYCLE certification, program that recognizes companies with excellent waste the highest level, on May 28, 2009. diversion rates. “We started with ICI ON RECYCLE as we After receiving ICI certification, the Canadiens realized that we were not being very efficient with our immediately began the process of getting the LEED EBOM compost and recycling. We also recognized that it was a major certification, registering the Bell Centre in June 2009. “The impact on the environment,” explains Luydlin. “Because ICI next step was to look at the LEED certification for an existing ON RECYCLE requires us to recycle or compost 80 percent of building,” says Luydlin. “The first thing we did was look at all all of our waste, and LEED asks only for 70 percent diversion of our processes to determine how we could maximize our of waste, we were juggling for many months about pursuing main systems. Just by changing our schedules—turning off the local certification as well,” he recalls. “In the beginning we the lights every hour automatically or shutting down toilets thought that trying to get ICI would be crazy. But in the end, and water, for example—we decreased our consumption we were able to do it.” dramatically. And we reduced water use by 20 percent just by The Canadiens worked for more than half a year to installing low-flow fixtures.” increase their landfill diversion rate, first and foremost by How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 66 |

67 The Canadiens’ centralized operating system was a crucial Waste suCCesses ate to D component in optimizing their operations efficiency. “To become LEED Silver-Certified we needed to have a system in To date, the Bell Centre’s average recycling and place that controls electricity and water consumption,” says Luydlin. “SMI Group went through all of our processes to composting rate exceeds 80 percent of materials make sure that we put in place the best practices. Now all of discarded. our operations in the Bell Centre are controlled from a central On an annual basis, this recycling rate represents: source, which really helps improve efficiency.” “It was pretty time-consuming, but all of the employees H 100 tons of bottles were involved in the process within a few weeks and were H 100 tons of reused beer casks really committed to change,” says Luydlin. He believes the Canadiens successfully engaged staff by integrating H 2 tons of aluminum cans environmental objectives into the metrics for annual 39 tons of food donations H employee objectives. “The key to achieve that collaboration (approximately 25,000 meals) and strong involvement is to make sure there is financial incentive for the middle management.” When environmental H 250 tons of other plastics, glass and metals factors are integrated into a company’s fiscal decisions, H 106 tons of cardboard all staff departments will respond, and quickly, Luydlin emphasizes. H 25 tons of wood The Canadiens were awarded the LEED Silver certification 6 tons of furniture H on October 13, 2009, and just a month later received 235 tons of compostable materials H ISO 14001 certification (on November 16). Thanks to the improved centralized system and the many upgrades the When added together, it represents more than 860 tons Canadiens completed for LEED, Luydlin’s team was able to of materials recycled and composted annually. quickly comply with the environmental management system (EMS) requirements of the ISO 14001 standard. companies,” explains Luydlin. “The private sector wants to be involved in our green approach because it’s a great marketing challengeS: overcome and ongoing opportunity for them. It’s a win-win situation.” Though the Canadiens took the time to investigate their Luydlin emphasizes that when it comes to outside funding, peers’ green projects, they found few system-wide greening all of the Bell Center’s green funds have come from the models to follow back in 2008. “We realized that some of the private sector. “We have no government involvement except buildings we looked at across North America during 2008 for their verification of our waste diversion. Otherwise, it’s all were choosing projects to get good publicity right away,” private. The government’s approach is to put in place the law says Luydlin. “When you are talking about sustainability, and then we have to take care of implementation,” he says. you need to have a holistic approach. Every practice needs “The government doesn’t help us financially or in other ways to be directed toward sustainability. Some venues had good to achieve that goal, but luckily we have private investors— ideas and good programs, but each program was just in one such as our engineering firm, our waste management direction, not a complete cycle of sustainability.” company, our eco-cleaning products company and our The Canadiens sought to fill that gap by implementing a transit partner—who are all enthusiastic about helping us.” comprehensive greening approach and by seeking multiple Luydlin’s unique experience working toward triple verifications through third-party certifications. “Our certification allows him to compare the investment approach here at the Bell Centre is not to make greening breakdown for each one. “In terms of cost and amount changes for financial or aesthetic reasons, but to make our of equipment upgrades, LEED was the most challenging practices really green. We are convinced here in Montreal that certification,” he says. “To get recertification in 2014, we we need to look at the life cycle of a product. That’s why we predict that we’re going to have to invest about $100,000 realized that the best way to become green was to become as the USGBC has updated and increased its demands. It’ll LEED and ISO 14001 certified.” likely be difficult to find a partner to invest that much in the For the Canadiens, the business case for greening building, but at the same time it’s a really great certification doesn’t rely solely on direct cost savings from improved and we’re committed.” resource efficiency. The organization’s green efforts have While LEED is the most cost-intensive certification and attracted many thousands of dollars in corporate funding, ICI ON RECYCLE sets some of the highest standards, ISO strengthening its sponsor relations, its green brand and its 14001 requires the most ongoing compliance, Luydlin notes. role in the Montreal community. “Though there are a few “ICI ON RECYCLE was difficult because the 80 percent things that make our sustainability projects very costly diversion rate was such a high level to reach. To achieve up front, we are lucky in Montreal because we have many that you must have everybody on board, but financially it corporations that want to partner with us on greening, wasn’t nearly as challenging as LEED,” he says. “Pursuing ISO and most of our initiatives have been paid for by private 14001 involved some work, but since it was at the end of our How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 67 |

68 process it was much easier than the other two certifications. integrate rewardS for achieving The major factor for ISO 14001 is that every year we have an environmental goalS into Staff comPenSation: audit from ISO, which means that we need to be on top of Luydlin attributes the Canadiens’ staff engagement success our management practices. But the audits aren’t difficult to to integrating environmental objectives into the metrics for complete, and though we need to pay for them, compared to annual employee objectives and compensation. “The key to LEED it’s nothing.” achieve collaboration and strong involvement is to make sure there is financial incentive for middle management. Greening was such a priority that it was incorporated as a factor for all leSSonS from the field of the annual staff objectives,” he says. Study and learn from your PeerS’ beSt During 2008, the Canadiens’ operations team PracticeS: spent several months collecting data around North America “we are lucky in monTreal on resource use at other major sports venues and researching their peers’ greening efforts. “We researched our peers’ because we have many best practices to find out what was happening in the sports T wanT T o corpora Tions Tha greening space to help inform our strategy... Our ultimate parTner wiTh us on greening, objective was to make sure that we were above the standard,” says Luydlin. Tives and mosT of our iniTia Te have been paid for by priva uSe your greening initiativeS to attract companies,” says Luydlin. The Canadiens’ green efforts have attracted SPonSorS: many thousands of dollars in corporate funding, strengthening their sponsor relations, their green brand ©Canadiens and their role in the Montreal community. “Though there are a few things that make our sustainability projects very costly up front, we are lucky in Montreal because we have many corporations that want to partner with us on greening, and most of our initiatives have been paid for by private companies,” explains Luydlin. “The private sector wants to be involved in our green approach because it’s a great marketing opportunity for them. It’s a win-win situation.” conSider the iSo 14001 certification aS well aS leed: Investigate ISO 14001 alongside LEED certifications, and consider any local certifications in your region. “Venues probably don’t pursue ISO 14001 because they believe that it will limit their management and control of operations. Though it’s demanding and rigorous, once you’ve implemented the process it’s not too bad,” says Luydlin. “It’s ©Canadiens not as difficult as LEED. ISO is much more about procedures and policies, so it is more feasible. For example, ISO doesn’t require you to have a 70 percent diversion rate; it just demands that you respect and follow the greening goals that you set for yourself.” uSe PlayerS to educate fanS about your environmental ProjectS: “We want people to be more environmentally conscious externally, not just our internal operations,” says Angelo Ruffolo, coordinator of youth hockey. “We are creating a reforestation program. It will likely be called Break a Stick, Plant a Tree. Every time a player breaks a stick on the ice, we will plant a tree in the Montreal community. We also created a PSA with our players for Earth Hour,” he continues. “These are a couple of the ways we’re trying to get fans involved and more environmentally aware, particularly by involving our players, because to our fans, our greatest asset is our players.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 68 |

69 CASE STUDY ProgreSSive field, home of the cleveland indianS BaLLP arK ST aTS location: Cleveland, ohio began construction: January 13, 1992 opened: April 4, 1994 Seating capacity: 43,429 owner: Gateway Economic Development Corporation operator: Cleveland indians venue uses: MLB games, collegiate hockey games, the “Snow Days” attraction with ice rinks and tubing slides and concerts. construction cost: $274 million (in 2012 dollars) the indianS’ greening Story: “The cleveland indians are motivationS, challengeS and commiTTed T o exploring The leSSonS from the field o help preserve opporTuniTies T The Cleveland Indians are among the sports industry vanguard in the installation of onsite renewable energy, The environmenT Through The among many other greening accomplishments. Their says Jim use of advanced energy,” stadium, Progressive Field, was among the first major sports Folk, vice president of ballpark operations. venues in North America to install onsite solar, during the summer of 2007, and the Indians were the first American TesT susT “using The la ainable League baseball team to do so. In 2012 Progressive Field also T only good Technologies is no became the first Major League Baseball stadium to install a y, buT good for The communiT wind turbine. While the Indians’ greening work was kick-started by for baseball.” impressive cost savings from their expanded recycling program, it quickly spread to onsite renewables and environmentally preferable purchasing. The Indians also growth industry here,” he says. “We have a huge skilled-labor have several green projects on the horizon, with plans in the force here in Cleveland that used to be employed by the steel works for a 4,000-square-foot green roof and solar thermal industry and the auto industry. We have the labor and the technology. infrastructure to build these turbines.” The Indians’ turbine was designed so that all the parts and labor needed to mass- produce the turbine system are available in northeast Ohio. why go green? The Indians also see their highly visible onsite renewable projects, alongside their recycling programs, as another The Indians see their green work, and their onsite renewable great way to connect with their fans and community. investments in particular, as an opportunity to be a “The Cleveland Indians are committed to exploring the role model for their local community and for Cleveland opportunities to help preserve the environment through businesses by investing in local clean-tech jobs. “With our the use of advanced energy,” says Jim Folk, vice president turbine project we hope to not only benefit the environment of ballpark operations. “Using the latest sustainable by increasing our use of renewable energy, but also help technologies is not only good for the community, but good promote an impressive new technology that generates local for baseball.” jobs by taking advantage of Cleveland’s great manufacturing workforce and factories,” explains Brad Mohr, assistant director of ballpark operations for the Indians. where to Start? With green projects like their wind turbine, the Indians hope to stimulate the local economy and help grow Ohio’s The Indians’ first major greening projects revolved around clean-tech manufacturing industry. Mohr notes that apart the team’s interest in alternative energy. “We first looked at from the blades, which were made in Michigan, each putting some vertical-axis wind turbines on the ballpark component of the turbine was manufactured in Ohio. “The because we get a lot of turbulent wind in downtown real point is that our turbine was a Cleveland project. Close to Cleveland,” say Mohr. “The technology wasn’t there, so our entire turbine was made in Ohio, and we need this kind of we decided to go with a solar pavilion, particularly as it How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 69 |

70 dovetailed nicely with the American Solar Energy Society’s stanDout greening a CComPlishments convention, which was held in Cleveland in 2007.” In June 2007 the Indians installed a 42-panel solar electric H In 2012, the Indians became the first Major League system—visible to the thousands of fans who pass through the ballpark each game day—that generates enough power to Baseball team to install a wind turbine atop their run all 400 televisions throughout Progressive Field with 8.4 ballpark. kilowatts of clean renewable energy (approximately 10,000 In 2007, the Indians became the first American H kilowatt-hours per year). League baseball team to install a solar system. The entire solar project cost $180,000, with the Indians investing $100,000, $50,000 provided by the Cleveland H From 2007 to 2009, the Indians cut their trash in Foundation via Green Energy Ohio, and $30,000 from the half from 1,262 tons to 613 tons. This reduced the Ohio Department of Development. “We got grants for our number of trash compactor pickups—which cost an solar panels, which took $80,000 off the project cost,” says average of $500 each—by 64 percent, from 254 Mohr, “though the Indians still contributed $100,000 and pickups in 2007 to 92 in 2010, saving $50,000. we realized it would entail about a 15- to 20-year payback. But the payback was not the point. Our solar project is an All new Progressive Field signs use LED lighting, which H educational piece that demonstrates our commitment to offers energy cost savings, low-voltage operation and clean energy.” reduced carbon emissions. That fan education piece is also incorporated into the H Energy efficiency initiatives across the ballpark have Indians’ recycling program. Since its inaugural year in 1994, cut the Indians’ energy use from 23 million kilowatt- Progressive Field has boasted recycling receptacles for plastic, hours to 17 million kilowatt-hours annually and cardboard and aluminum. However, it wasn’t until late 2007, when the ballpark’s waste hauling contract expired, that the reduced the ballpark’s carbon footprint by 42,000 Indians began to significantly expand their recycling facilities pounds of CO emissions yearly. 2 and establish the ballpark as an industry leader in waste H Green Seal–certified and 100 percent recycled management. content paper towels, toilet tissue, and facial tissue Towards the end of 2007, Mohr began researching are used in the ballpark and front office. smarter waste management systems for Progressive Field. The former waste contract required commingling of all H 100 percent Green Seal–certified cleaning products recyclables—paper, cardboard, plastic, aluminum, scrap are used throughout the ballpark. metal, electronics—which often resulted in the materials’ H As the second Major League Baseball ballpark to becoming contaminated. These lower-value materials yielded install onsite solar, Progressive Field generates enough no recycling rebate for the ballclub. Mohr became determined to find a “better way to do electricity to power all 400 television sets around the this” and consulted with NRDC as well as a number of local ballpark. recyclers. He established new partnerships with local waste H More than 18,400 pounds of food was donated to companies and ultimately arranged for the separation of the Cleveland Foodbank after home games during the the ballpark’s recyclables on site, instead of commingling. 2009 season, which translates to 14,300-plus meals “This was the best solution for ensuring that we don’t have used to feed those in need. contamination,” says Mohr. “Now I know exactly what we’re sending out and that it is in the proper state so that our partners can get the maximum rate for it.” made from selling the sorted recycled commodities, we paid off the total $30,000 cost of the two balers in six months,” Mohr explains. “That really got people’s attention and gave challengeS: overcome and ongoing our environmental work real credibility. The senior staff’s The Indians were losing money by sending often- immediate response was ‘Keep going!’” contaminated commingled recyclables to off-site sorting In 2008 the Indians also launched a campaign called “Our stations. So in early 2008 they decided to sort onsite by Tribe Is Green... Are You in the Tribe?” to better engage staff investing in two balers that create 1,200-pound cubes of and fans about the Indians’ mission to reduce the ballpark’s cardboard and 500-pound ready-for-sale cubes of plastic or environmental impact. The campaign introduced 125 aluminum. Mohr points out that because the Indians are now new Pepsi-sponsored plastic bottle recycling receptacles doing the extra sorting onsite, the club gets a better price for spread around the ballpark concourse. “Recycling is the the higher-quality source-separated commodities. In fact, it main green activity we can offer the fans to participate quickly became apparent that the financial payback for the in with confidence. If I put out composting, it would be recycling program would be swift. “Combining the money contaminated in a minute,” says Mohr. “In this part of the we saved from canceled trash hauls—paying to have waste country, the lack of public education about diverting waste is picked up from the ballpark and sorted—with the money we a real challenge.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 70 |

71 and across internal operations. The bins were quickly put to use, with a 96-gallon bin of food waste filled every two finanCial savings from smart days during the season. “We get most of our compost from Waste management our restaurants, including some post-plate collection, aka leftovers from guests’ plates at restaurants,” says Mohr. H In 2007 the Indians generated 1,261.6 tons of trash “We get a surprising amount of compost from the clubhouses requiring 254 pickups at approximately $500 each. as well.” In three years the Indians cut their annual waste H By 2009 the Indians’ improved recycling program generation in half. In 2007 the ballpark generated 1,261.6 tons had cut their trash back to 613.4 tons needing only of trash; by 2010 this was down to 613.4 tons. This reduced 92 pickups. the number of trash compactor pickups, which cost an The Indians have earned about $50,000 in pure H average of $500 each, by 64 percent, from 254 pickups in 2007 profit every year moving forward (relative to 2007 to 92 in 2010, saving the club $50,000. Mohr is confident that costs), thanks to fewer trash hauls. the Indians will continue to save $50,000 or more annually, relative to 2007 costs, with the ballpark’s improved waste H Since purchasing balers in early 2008, the club has management and recycling system. “That's where we see the earned more than $20,000 in commodity rebates financial recycling, and avoiding trash being for its recycled materials. hauled away,” Mohr says. “Green initiatives are here to stay because they save teams money.” The ballpark recycled more than 150 tons of materials in 2009 and in excess of 125 tons in 2010, including cardboard, “Tha T's where we see The paper, aluminum, PET plastic, scrap metal, cooking oil, fluorescent bulbs and ballast, batteries and electronics. financial The year 2009 was a record recycling year, because that recycling, and avoiding Trash year the ballpark recycled all of the scrap metal from retired being hauled away,” Mohr says. portable concession stands. Since installing balers in early 2008, the club has earned $20,000 in commodity rebates for “green iniTia o Tives are here T its recycled materials. ay because They save Teams sT “The Indians have a wide breadth of activity and efforts money.” in greening and sustainability thanks to the guidance and support of NRDC and NRDC’s unparalleled sports greening resources,” says Mohr. “Our comprehensive recycling The Indians improved ballpark recycling by implementing program is just the beginning, as we’re also the first Major a ballpark “pick” after every game to sort compost and League club to install wind power. And we are trying to add recyclables from trash. The Indians hire an average of a new green feature each year.” 30 custodial staff to complete three sweeps of the entire In 2008 the Indians partnered with Cleveland State ballpark, the first for compost, the second for recyclables, University to pilot a pioneering helical wind turbine design, and the third for trash. In order to increase the recycling at no cost to the club, in the hope that it would help teach rate at the ballpark, Mohr now employs more custodial staff, fans about the potential of renewable energy. The project hiring about eight additional workers to collect recyclables was also designed to help boost renewable job opportunities after each game, creating more local jobs while reducing the in the region by providing a successful real-world test of a ballpark’s environmental impact. locally manufactured technology. Mohr explains that the most effective way to implement Dr. Majid Rashidi, a professor of mechanical engineering front-of-house composting in Cleveland is with the ballpark at Cleveland State University’s Fenn College of Engineering, pick. “It’s almost preferable for fans to put their leftover waste developed the innovative design using grants from the U.S. underneath the seats so that after the game, our custodial Department of Energy and the State of Ohio. The grants crew can do three sweeps of the park and guarantee a clean also fully covered the cost of the turbine and installation waste stream, while sending the least amount out to the at Progressive Field. “It was cost savvy for us because it’s landfill as possible,” explains Mohr. “But I don’t encourage a Department of Energy project,” explains Mohr, “though the fans to leave all waste under their seats because I don’t it was still a little difficult to convince senior staff and the want to give mixed messages about the importance of fans general council to invest time in a pilot technology. We were recycling themselves. We also want our fans and staff to stay successful thanks to our organization’s mission to act as a safe and healthy, so we don’t want to encourage unsanitary community role model.“ practices throughout the ballpark.” After three years of work—planning, designing and While encouraging fans to recycle more in the concourse, building the innovative, corkscrew-shaped turbine—the in 2009 the Indians also ratcheted up their recycling facilities Indians secured the apparatus on top of the southeast corner in their home and visiting clubhouses, encouraging players of Progressive Field on March 28, 2012. The 1,800-pound as well as staff to recycle more. In 2010, composting bins (for turbine was strategically assembled in the players’ parking lot food waste and grass clippings) were added to the clubhouses How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 71 |

72 at Progressive Field to cut down on transportation emissions look for local, regional and federal funding and costs. Ironworkers affixed 80 translucent white plastic artnerShiPS: “The entire solar oPPortunitieS and P pieces around a heavy aluminum frame to form the thick project cost about $180,000. We got a $50,000 grant from the corkscrew helix. The 18-foot wide cylinder now constantly Cleveland Foundation, a local philanthropic organization, rotates atop the ballpark to find the strongest wind to keep via Green Energy Ohio, which is a great nonprofit in the state the four 6-foot circular turbines spinning, and generating that we work with very closely,” says Mohr. “Combine that energy, as fast as possible. with $30,000 from the Ohio Department of Development, and With the turbine installed and lit from within by colored there’s $80,000 off the project.” LED lights, the Indians look next to engaging fans with interactive digital kiosks about wind energy. “It’s a great integrate green PrinciPleS into your PracticeS opportunity to teach fans about the importance of clean when eStabliShing or renewing contractS: energy technologies,” says Mohr. The Indians were able to save tens of thousands of dollars Thanks to a combination of energy efficiency and by reevaluating their waste processes when their garbage renewable energy projects, the Indians have cut their energy hauling contract was up. By talking with other local recyclers, use by more than 20 percent. “We’ve shaved about 4 million Mohr’s team was able to learn about more efficient and kilowatt-hours a year off our average energy consumption, profitable practices. “Because we were no longer bound but that hasn’t given us any cash savings,” says Mohr, “as by our contract, I was able to pick the brains of and get electricity was deregulated in Ohio on January 1 in 2009 and proposals from a number of local recyclers,” explains Mohr. our electric rates went up 20 percent.” However, with their green initiatives well under way by 2009, the Indians were involve fanS in your green Planning (and able to avoid paying significantly more for their electricity by they’ll be Prouder of the reSultS): “The general fan cutting their use. response to our green projects is positive, especially when we talk about the payback, such as how we’ve cut our trash going to landfill by 50 percent compared with 2007 and how leSSonS from the field much money we’ve saved on trash hauls,” says Mohr. “The best part is that when I give examples of our savings people anyone can chamPion greening and Start a say, ‘What can I do to help?’ or ‘I have another idea.’ It really green Program: When Mohr expressed interest in starts a conversation, and I can always learn new things. I expanding the Indians’ recycling program and applying for will listen to anybody’s idea, no matter how weird it is. I think green grants back in 2005, he quickly was put in charge of everybody has something to contribute, and I’ll listen.” the team’s green program. “I turned into our greening and sustainability person even though I had no background art of encourage Staff to make greening P knowledge and just believe recycling is important,” says their life: A regular class for staff can help recruit new Mohr. “After our solar and recycling successes I was given the interest in your green program, keep staff up to date on your freedom, tools and trust to find additional green projects that organization’s accomplishments, spread your green message we could do here at the ballpark.” Mohr explains that any to a broader audience and help shift your community staff member can spark an organization’s interest in greening toward more environmentally preferable practices. ”I hold a by brainstorming with other staff, getting like-minded class each year about what we’re doing to be greener at the colleagues on board, identifying smaller-scale achievable ballpark. I want to encourage staff members to take it home, projects and building a green program from there. take it beyond downtown Cleveland,” says Mohr. ©Cleveland indians environmental Benefits from smart Waste management The environmental benefits of the Indian’s efforts are also significant. Recycling just one ton of paper to avoid the production of paper from virgin materials saves enough energy to power an average home for six months, saves 7,000 gallons of water, and keeps 60 pounds of pollutants out of the air. Although it varies by grade and technology, making paper from recycled paper instead of from trees involves 64 percent less energy and 58 percent less water. Recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to run a 25-watt compact fluorescent for nearly 16 hours (or a 100-watt incandescent light bulb for nearly four hours). Page 72 game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment |

73 CASE STUDY centurylink field, home of the Seattle SeahawkS and SounderS fc venue ST aTS Seattle, Washington location: July 29, 2002 opened: Seating capacity: 67,000 owner: Washington State public Stadium Authority operator: first & Goal inc. (fGi) venue uses: nfL games; MLS games; nCAA football and international soccer games; Supercross and a variety of community events construction cost: $430 million ($566 in 2012 dollars) and Event Center. The Kingdome was demolished in 2000 to centurylink field’S greening Story: make way for the new stadium; 97 percent of the concrete motivationS, challengeS and leSSonS was recycled locally, with 35 percent of it reused in the new from the field facility. Thanks to the widespread public and professional interest in “During 2005–2006 many venues and professional teams sustainability in the Northwest, environmental stewardship began the discussion on recycling and composting,” notes was built into CenturyLink Field even before the first U.S. Benge. In 2005 the Seahawks also partnered with Seattle City sports greening programs were established. Back in 2000, Light and Western Washington University to recognize local 35 percent of the concrete from the Kingdome was recycled commitments to renewable energy with a Power Players onsite to construct Seahawks Stadium (which has since been award. “It was an opportunity to highlight and learn from renamed “CenturyLink Field”). different smart energy programs,” Benge says. To this day, CenturyLink Field, the Seattle Seahawks In 2006 FGI launched CenturyLink Field’s recycling and Seattle Sounders FC are leaders in professional sports program with the installation of 75 new recycling bins greening, as founding members of the Green Sports Alliance, around the venue, fan and staff recycling education, and a and business leaders in sustainability, with an onsite new dedicated Recycling Sorting Area created to track and solar array, an aggressive recycling program and a strong separate 17 different recyclable materials. “It grew in 2006, environmentally preferable purchasing program. when FGI staff began to actively track recycling by materials, including plastics, metals, paper and cardboard,” Benge relates. That year CenturyLink Field was also selected to why go green? participate in a study through the EPA WasteWise Partnership program. For Seattle-based First & Goal Inc. (FGI), operator of “That was also the time of the development of the Green CenturyLink Field and CenturyLink Field Event Center, Team,” says Benge. FGI’s Green Team was made up of FGI greening is about responding to the interests of their clients, and Seahawks staff, vendors and contractors who sought to which are the Seahawks and Sounders FC fans. Darryl Benge, assistant general manager at FGI and founding board member of the Green Sports Alliance, explains that it’s especially important to respond to the environmental s and “our recycling efforT interests of the fan base. newly founded green Team wo biggesT key were The T where to Start? o springboard ors T facT “Our greening started with the building of the facility and Tion’s Thinking our organiza recycling the concrete from the Kingdome in order to use as on opporTuniTies in much as we could to build the new stadium,” says Benge. FGI was formed by Paul G. Allen in 1997 after Washington State says Darryl Benge, y,” ainabiliT susT voters approved the proposal to build a new football/soccer assistant general manager at First & Goal stadium and exhibition center, now called CenturyLink Field Inc., operator of CenturyLink Field. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 73 |

74 representatives from the city to join our team,” says Benge. develop long-term policies and initiatives to reduce energy “It was an internal yet holistic group, as we wanted our and resource consumption. “From there we really looked at partners to also be invested and pass our green mission back what we were doing and how to document our practices so to their organizations. This made it more successful.” that we could analyze our data and hopefully improve it.” According to Benge, FGI’s diverse Green Team was crucial The Green Team met on a quarterly basis to discuss for growing the organization’s green program. “Our Green greening initiatives, with representatives from all FGI Team would discuss how we could be better stewards of the departments, the Seahawks (the Sounders FC didn’t begin environment as well as improve our business. This helped to play until 2009) and key partners like ARAMARK and establish greening as a core belief from the organization,” Levy Restaurants. “We didn’t ask corporate partners or he explains. Benge stresses that FGI’s program involved a systematic and thoughtful evaluation of current processes. The timeline of Centur YlinK fielD’s Green Team started with waste. “Those early Green Team stanDout CComPlishments greening a discussions involved the operational staff looking at all of the material going to the landfill and working with our vendors H 2000: 97 percent of Kingdome concrete was recycled to (1) find a better and more sustainable process and (2) see if and 35 percent was used at Seahawks Stadium. there was a business case to divert the waste from landfill to recycling,” he says. A subgroup of the Green Team—made up H 2006: FGI staff began to actively track recycling by of an FGI operations representative, a general manager from material, establishing a Recycling Sorting Area in ARAMARK and FGI’s loading dock manager—quickly formed order to measure and separate 17 different recyclable to tackle waste-stream tracking and make improvements. materials. FGI also created a Green Team to develop “That core group of three would look at the invoices from the long-term policies and initiatives to reduce energy and haulers, track the tonnage of different materials and create a resource consumption. spreadsheet,” says Benge. “Once they had the data they could analyze and adjust the current processes to collect more H FGI invested in new composting equipment and 2007: recyclable material.” a cardboard baler, increasing cardboard recycling by 16 percent. FGI also launched a composting program and added 200 new recycling bins. challengeS: overcome and ongoing H 2010: It also installed additional point-of-use lighting To ramp up their waste diversion rates, in 2007 FGI invested controls in concession stands, restrooms and storage in 200 additional recycling bins (with the help of a subsidy spaces and became certified as an EnergyStar from Anheuser-Busch), new composting equipment and Portfolio Manager partner. a cardboard baler. The onsite baler immediately enabled the facility to increase cardboard recycling by 16 percent The Seahawks, Sounders FC and FGI joined with by minimizing material contamination. FGI later switched MLB, NFL, NHL, NBA and WNBA teams in the Pacific from fountain drinks to beverages in recyclable bottles, in Northwest to help found the Green Sports Alliance. partnership with Jones Soda, and launched a composting program. The Seahawks also announced a partnership with 2011: FGI committed to using nontoxic cleaning H Levy Restaurants and Food Lifeline to recover all unused supplies, and 84 percent of cleaning and soap prepared food and donate it to local shelters following all products were Green Seal-certified. FGI purchased Seahawks home games. only post-consumer paper products for toilet paper, “We went from a 3 percent diversion rate in 2006 to hand towels and office paper and also purchased receiving the Event Recycler of the Year award from the 100 percent recycled plastic trash liners. The amount Washington State Recycling Association in 2009,” says Benge. of waste that was recycled rose to 70 percent (from “That was because we went from recycling 3 percent to more 58 percent in 2010 and 47 percent in 2009). than 47 percent—460 tons—of all our waste in under three years by working with ARAMARK, our housekeeping vendor, FGI donated 5,083 pounds of unused prepared food Levy Restaurants, our food and beverage partner, Cedar to Food Lifeline and 5,975 pounds to Operation Sack Grove Organics, our local composter, and Allied Waste, our Lunch, helping to provide 4,596 meals overall. waste vendor. We just reached out to our partners and said, Seattle Sounders FC received the Green Globe Award ‘Here’s what we want to do,’ and they helped us succeed.” for using reclaimed water for field irrigation at the FGI grew the composting program incrementally. “We started out in the kitchens, then worked on moving into the Starfire training facility. concession stands, and then into the concourse,” says Benge. H 2012: In March, FGI implemented a single-stream “We started out small to really make sure it worked before recycling strategy with Allied Waste, to further their taking it to the next level.” He points out that integrating goal of achieving an 80 percent landfill diversion rate. composting throughout the concourse had its challenges. “Moving composting to concessions is difficult because they How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 74 |

75 photo courtesy of Seattle Seahawks upgrades, high-efficiency lighting and ultra-low-flow water are run by all different people, including volunteers and fixtures, all of which support the facility’s commitment to not-for-profits that have constantly changing staff.” sustainability. He recommends extensive signage and training tools to As FGI planned its energy upgrades, the company saw an help get transient staff on board. opportunity to pursue an onsite renewable project. “Solar in “Then in 2010 we took the next step and moved to the Northwest isn’t the most convincing investment because all-compostable serviceware. We gave the fans only two our energy rates are really low and we don’t get sun like disposal options: either recyclable (plastic, aluminum) or Arizona or Southern California. So we decided to package compostable. That system worked really well,” says Benge. solar with energy efficiency,” explains Benge. FGI also relied “We found that if you give fans the option of landfill bins, on a guide produced by NRDC and BEF called “Solar Electric they usually choose landfill because it’s familiar, even when Energy for Your Stadium or Arena” to evaluate financing the signs say compost.” That year FGI installed more than options. “NRDC’s solar guide really assisted us because it did 175 compost bins and another 200 recycling bins throughout a lot of the work putting together information on the different the facility. By the end of 2010, the composting program, renewables rebate programs and resources for us,” says which was motivated by a city mandate, helped FGI reach a Benge. “It was a very helpful tool.” 58 percent diversion rate from landfills, totaling more than In May 2011, the Seahawks, FGI and Sounders FC 525 tons of waste. announced the installation of a solar array on the roof of FGI has also been gradually improving the resource the CenturyLink Field Event Center. The solar installation efficiency of CenturyLink Field over the past few years. FGI covers 2.5 acres, spreading across 80 percent of the Event first hired Seattle-based McKinstry, a firm specializing in Center roof. The project consists of 3,750 thin-film solar energy solutions, in 2008 to conduct a facility-wide energy panels, which generate more than 830,000 kilowatt-hours of audit and offer recommendations to further reduce energy electricity annually, enough to power 95 Seattle-area homes and water use. “The results from that 2008 audit provided for a year. the springboard for the energy and solar initiatives we took The combined energy projects resulted in a 21 percent during 2011,” Benge says. reduction in annual utility costs. This new clean energy The teams managed the up-front financial investment and source, alongside the new energy conservation measures, implemented the energy upgrades with help from rebates reduced the facility’s carbon footprint by about 1,350 metric provided by Seattle's two main utilities, Seattle City Light and tons of carbon emissions per year. The facility is Seattle Public Utilities. “The energy and resource projects also equipped with a “cool roof” that conserves energy have a very good return on investment by themselves,” says by reducing heat absorption, thereby lowering building Benge. “Seattle City Light covered half of the fee associated cooling costs. CenturyLink Field also partnered with with the McKinstry study, and the cost savings from the Seattle’s electrical union to provide training opportunities upgrades would help address that expense.” Based on and clean-energy jobs for local tradespeople. the audit, FGI worked with McKinstry to cut resource use throughout the complex by installing mechanical system How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 75 |

76 “The energy and resource projecT s have a very good reTurn on invesTmenT by Themselves, buT They require up-fronT capiT al, which T old,” T isn’T Tha is a ba TTle, especially when you’re in a building Tha “sea Ted wiTh TTle ciT says Benge. y lighT picked up half of The fee associa The mckinsTry sTudy, and The cosT savings from The upgrades would help address Tha T expense.” In 2010 the Seattle Seahawks/Sounders FC launched a fan leSSonS from the field education campaign on compost and recycling programs that uSe the nrdc/bef Solar guide for StadiumS encourages fans to leave beverage cups, food trays, napkins and arenaS: FGI used NRDC’s and BEF's solar guide to and unconsumed food in the seating area so staff can collect instruct their planning process and get the project off the and sort items and minimize contamination for the compost ground. “The solar guide provided by the NRDC and BEF was program. “Our strategy for education was about good signage instrumental in helping us develop our request for proposal on the waste and compost bins, and we also worked with our and the evaluation of each contractor’s submission,” says promotions department to make sure we had good PSAs that Benge. “Without this resource, we wouldn’t have been able were featured on the video boards during games about what to be as comprehensive in our approach. This tool made the bins to use. They built these small PSA commercials to loop process much easier for all parties involved." through the content. We’re fortunate that 80 to 90 percent of our fan base is season ticket holders. So they learn once and learn from the green SPortS alliance to remember at future games.” “Dialogue with peers who minimize inveStment riSk: have already looked into greening initiatives and/or have uSe league-baSed contactS to overcome even been successful can be very helpful to challenge or “Every regional infraStructure challengeS: validate plans,” suggests Benge. He recommends the Green region and venue is different but they all share similar Sports Alliance for learning from peers and sharing better features. Sometimes the solutions for one facility translate to practices. “Large venues typically haven’t talked across others, although sometimes they don’t translate so well. The venues because of the competition in the sporting world. Kansas City Chiefs, for example, wanted to start a composting However, the Green Sports Alliance has provided a very program but discovered they do not have a local composting important mechanism for collaboration because members company. It really depends on the organization, the building have a common goal and interest.” and the region,” says Benge. uSe online toolS to engage fanS: “We plan to build an interactive website that allows the fans to engage and YlinK fielD’s Centur let them know what we’re doing and what they can do at sustainaBle fooD Program home,” Benge says. His team is building on its existing online promotions. In 2008, the Seahawks partnered with Puget Sound Energy (PSE) and Seattle City Light to develop a Blue In 2010 FGI worked with Levy Restaurants to implement Is Green educational program featuring interactive green tips a sustainable food program, with four suppliers for fans on the team’s website. showcasing local and organic products from around the region. The suppliers were: create a green brand to enhance fan Charlie's Produce H , which features certified organic “In terms of new initiatives,” Benge notes, engagement: growers from Washington and Oregon “we just went through the process of developing our brand around sustainability, and it’s called Defend Your Turf. We’re , a network of 600 sustainable U.S. ranch H niman working with our PR departments, marketing departments farmers and ranchers who raise livestock traditionally and corporate partners departments to roll that out in the and humanely next six to eight months. We want to make it visible to fans as well as individual partners who may want to align with H uli's f amous sausage of Pike Place market that message.” H Beecher’s Cheese of Pike Place market and ork farm to f monterey Bay FGI also follows the guidance of the aquarium by hand-picking seafood products that are not currently listed on the endangered species list, according to their guide. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 76 |

77 CASE STUDY target field, home of the minneSota twinS arK ST aTS BaLLP Minneapolis, Minnesota location: August 30, 2007 began construction: opened: April 12, 2010 Seating capacity: 39,504 owner: Minnesota Ballpark Authority operator: Minnesota Twins venue uses: MLB games, collegiate baseball games, concerts Construction Cost: $581 million (in 2012 dollars) leed certifications: LEED Silver for new Construction in April 2010, LEED Silver for Existing Buildings: operations and Maintenance in December 2011 the twinS’ greening Story: where to Start? motivationS, challengeS and “Our greening program started with LEED certification. When our executives and our owners sat down with the architects leSSonS from the field to design the building, there were some key principles they When Target Field received its LEED Silver New Construction were looking at. They wanted to make a ballpark that was (NC) certification shortly after opening in 2010—at the time, uniquely Minnesotan—architecture that fit in with downtown it was only the second ballpark in the U.S. to receive LEED Minneapolis. They also wanted to design a building that was certification—the U.S. Green Building Council called it beautiful architecturally but also functional. And the other the “Greenest Ballpark in America.” But the Twins didn’t piece was environmental stewardship,” says Horsman. stop there: The stadium went on to earn LEED Silver for With sustainability in mind from day one, it was easier Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance (EBOM) the to integrate greening into every phase of the process, says following year. Horsman. “We had a consultant, a general contractor and an architect. As we got more and more involved, there was an environmental component to every meeting and discussion. why go green? It became commonplace and ingrained with everything else.” Pursuing LEED certification was built into the stadium’s “One of the key things is that our ownership involved construction requirements, thanks to a provision in the State the front-office staff, specifically the operations staff,” he 1 of Minnesota’s 2006 ballpark legislation. In addition to the continues. “They got a lot of us into the process. If we had state requirements, “our owners from the very beginning good ideas and good judgment, they were fully supportive. felt that this facility and this organization needed to be on The philosophy that we came to is that a LEED certification the leading edge of sustainable operations,” explains Dave Horsman, senior director of ballpark operations. “That was part of the design principle going into the facility. That’s sustainaBilitY minnesota tWins where we started from with the architects and the general statement contractors.” “Gaining LEED certification has been a long-standing goal “The Minnesota Twins organization believes our future for the Twins, Hennepin County and the Minnesota Ballpark Authority as we have collectively shared the responsibility to success—both on and off the field—is built on a ensure strong environmental stewardship,” said Twins owner business model that embraces operational efficiency, and CEO Jim Pohlad when the club earned its first LEED environmental stewardship and social responsibility. We certification. “It’s our sincere hope that the sustainability honor the power of sport by leading through example, aspects of Target Field will provide inspiration to other local, and we will continue to use sport to inspire, build the 2 regional and national projects of this magnitude.” best fan experience and cause no unnecessary harm, working with our fans, community, suppliers, partners and employees to have a positive influence in the world.” —Minnesota Twins website How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 77 |

78 green ConstruCtion initiatives “iT's our sincere hope Tha T The susT ainabiliT y aspecT s Site required brownfield remediation; soil had to H of TargeT field will provide be treated and site decontaminated. inspira Ther local, o o Tion T H 60 percent of the building's exterior is regionally sourced limestone from Mankato, Minnesota Tional regional and na (90 miles from the ballpark). projecT s of This magniTude,” More than 70 percent of construction waste was H said Twins owner and CEO Jim Pohlad. recycled or otherwise diverted from landfill. More than 30 percent of all installed materials were H would be nice but in reality, certification or not, we wanted to made from recycled content, including the foul poles build and operate a facility that is as sustainable as possible. and roof canopy. In other words, we didn’t really want to engage in any window-dressing. We wanted the initiatives to be substantive H Precautions were taken to control soil erosion, and to help us with sustainability as well as our operations.” waterway sedimentation and airborne dust. Since the stadium was a new construction, there were Stadium was sited to include a public transportation H many opportunities to reduce environmental impacts hub where commuter and light-rail lines terminate, when it came to choosing a site, building materials and construction practices. The stadium was sited in downtown adjacent to a major bus hub as well as easily Minneapolis, easily accessible by walking or biking and near accessible by bike riders and pedestrians. several public transportation options, including rail and bus routes. The site itself was a previously contaminated brownfield that required soil remediation. The Twins also 14,000 to 21,000 gallons of water and 86 gallons of gasoline, took advantage of regional resources while also tying in to the as well as 57 man-hours of labor, per game when local aesthetic. “Wanting to be uniquely Minnesotan helped we use that system.” In the future, the Twins plan to refine in sourcing local materials,” says Horsman. “We have 100,000 the purification system and hope to use the recycled water square feet of limestone on the exterior of our building that to maintain the playing field. was quarried 90 miles away. Because we wanted something reminiscent of Minnesota, it was easy to find opportunities to source local materials.” challengeS: overcome and ongoing Another significant feature of the stadium’s site was Among the biggest challenges at the stadium was reducing an existing underground cistern system that could be energy consumption, particularly for the LEED Existing refurbished to control runoff and capture rainwater for reuse Buildings: Operations & Maintenance certification. “We were onsite. The rainwater capture system now in place at the concerned that we wouldn’t make that energy prerequisite, stadium is one of its standout features and a key part of the which would blow the whole thing out of the water, so one of LEED project. “Our rainwater capture system was part of the more substantial things we did was work on our energy the construction process,” explains John McEvoy, manager consumption,” says Gary Glawe, senior director of ballpark of ballpark operations. “The initial intent of our cistern was systems. to let the sediment settle to the bottom before the water Getting the building and operations running smoothly is pushed back into Bassett Creek, which runs near our took priority. “In truth, we were first focused on getting ballpark. Later in the process, Pentair came to us with the business up and running, as well as the guest experience. We idea of us reusing the water.” put the EBOM energy efficiency part of it on the back burner “In a ‘city of lakes,’ the Minneapolis tagline, we try to at first and waited for our energy data to play out before we be conscious about our water,” McEvoy adds. “We have a made operational changes,” Glawe explains. partnership with a local company that has helped us put in a After the Twins became more comfortable with their new rainwater recycling system. We are able to use that rainwater building’s operations, they began to address opportunities for to wash our lower concourse.” increased efficiency. “We took the systems already in place Through a custom-designed rainwater recycle system and began using them more efficiently, such as building out provided by Minneapolis-based Pentair, the Minnesota Twins some of them,” Glawe explains. “Areas that are unoccupied captured, purified and reused more than 686,360 gallons for the season are only scheduled when we need them. The of rainwater in 2011, reducing the use of municipal water first year, I was scared to put in automatic lighting because I at Target Field. “It essentially collects rainwater that gets was afraid it would shut off in the middle of an event. But we filtered out and put into a 5,000-gallon holding tank,” McEvoy gained confidence in that first year and scheduled the whole continues. “The cistern itself is 200,000 gallons. When we facility to shut down at a certain time in the day because pressure-wash at the end of the night, that cistern is full people were leaving lights on. We really engaged our office enough to use the rainwater to wash the seating area. We save How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 78 |

79 and working with our housekeeping and concessionaires. CComPlishments greening a stanDout We had to do some redesigning of compactors and added a couple of totes to get things from the kitchen to the A power purchase agreement offset 70 percent of H compactors. It wasn’t until mid-August 2010 that we had it clean enough to go to the compost site.” energy consumption at the stadium with wind energy “I don’t think we really got serious about it until July in 2010 and 2011, avoiding more than 8.8 million 2011 when we realized our diversion rate wasn’t as good as pounds of carbon dioxide emissions. we thought it was. As part of the LEED process, we tried to H Captured waste energy from the adjacent Hennepin get a 50 percent diversion rate. We just missed that, so we Energy Resource Center is used to heat most indoor then did a waste audit,” explains McEvoy. “We were at 37 spaces at Target Field and the playing field. percent [diversion] in 2010. Our highest diversion rate now is 47 percent, as of last year. We hope to be above the LEED H High-efficiency field lighting saves nearly $6,000 requirement level by the end of this season.” a year. “We started our composting in the suites because it’s Fans are encouraged to use public transportation or H easier to control in this central, sealed-off location. Also, some of those compostable products are a little more bike to games. Two rail lines stop near the left-field expensive than regular products. In terms of the bottom line, corner, a Metro Transit bus hub is less than a block it was cheaper to buy those products for a small area instead away, and 427 bicycle storage locations are within of an entire ballpark. But we’ll start there and go from there. I 200 yards of the ballpark. think we’ll get close to a 100 percent diversion rate someday,” H A water cistern system under the warning track says McEvoy. captures and treats rainfall runoff, which is filtered “To try and collect more organics and recyclables, we have a crew that picks up all the recyclables out of the seating and used to wash down the seating area after games, area after the games. The second crew comes in and picks with potential field irrigation uses in the future. up all the trash. Everything left over is organic. We do it Low-flow urinals, dual-flush toilets and aerated H with blowers and brooms. After that we started dealing with faucets use 30 percent less potable water than popcorn boxes and pizza boxes. Some of the things that we conventional fixtures and are estimated to save vend from our concessionaries aren’t Biodegradable Products 4.2 million gallons of water annually. Institute–certified compostable, but they are paper waste so we can compost them. We were collecting 22 cubic yards per H The Twins reduced the use of chemical cleaning game last year.” compounds by 66 percent in 2011 from the previous The Twins emphasize simplicity and easily understood year, and 73 percent of cleaning compounds met the signs when it comes to recycling programs. “My advice is to USGBC’s LEED standards. make your waste system as simple as possible. Signs are a big thing, especially in the kitchen. Color-coded and multiple- H The stadium diverts 47 percent of its waste for language signs make it so everyone can read and understand. recycling and composting, with all other waste You should also make sure that whatever you choose fits going to waste-to-energy. with everyone else’s operation,” says McEvoy. Working with H The stadium donated 7,500 pounds of leftover suppliers and training staff is also crucial. “We talk directly to food to local charities in 2011. the concessionaire folks and the warehouse people. We have six major kitchens in the ballpark. We went to each chef in those kitchens and got them all on board. From there they spread it out to their kitchen area. Once we got everybody on staff and made an objective to reduce energy consumption by board it worked out really well.” at least 5 percent. It made everyone aware to turn off lights, In 2011, the Twins kept more than 1,762 cubic yards of turn off computers, those kinds of things.” waste out of local landfills, and 741.3 tons of trash were sent Through lighting and HVAC upgrades and better to the Hennepin Energy Recovery Center, a waste-to-energy automation of equipment in 2011, the Twins reduced their facility neighboring Target Field. This recovered energy was use of electricity by more than 12 percent, despite adding used at Target Field to heat portions of the service level and a new video board in right field and additional radiant provide hot water in the facility. In addition, 430.67 tons of heating units in the concourses. Target Field is an EnergyStar waste were recycled, and 152.41 tons of organic materials Portfolio Manager member and as of 2012 was 23 percent were composted. more energy-efficient than other buildings in its EnergyStar Diverting their waste from landfills makes economic sense category. for the Twins. “The good thing about our waste composition Another challenge during the LEED process was waste is that it is much cheaper to go organic. It costs $65 a ton to management. “We started our composting back in April 2010, haul trash and $15 a ton to haul organics,” says McEvoy. By when we opened,” says McEvoy. “We ran into a number of composting more than 152 tons of organics in 2011 instead of challenges with how to get things to one location for pickup landfilling them, for example, the Twins saved $7,600. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 79 |

80 An integrated leed doeSn’t have to be exPenSive: building approach can also help keep costs down. “During “one Thing Tha T i am impressed the NC project, the overall cost of the LEED component was wiTh when i walk around This 0.5 percent of the overall budget, on the construction side. y on an evenT day, wiTh faciliT The LEED cost is only 2 percent above of what your building cost should be,” explains Glawe. “I think a lot of that has our Thousands of employees to do with going into the whole process with objectives of and Tens of Thousands of environmental stewardship. We weren’t going back to the T This whole Thing s, is Tha guesT drawing board as often because it was frontline for everyone at the beginning. That helps keep cost down.” has become so widely adopTed T iT’s jusT second na Tha Ture,” turn local environmental iSSueS into says Dave Horsman. oPPortunitieS, and take advantage of local “Our rainwater recycle system is the perfect reSourceS: example of taking advantage of opportunities presented to you,” says Horsman. “With the advertising potential, it was leSSonS from the field a good partnership for Pentair to put that system in for us. uSe leed and other certificationS aS a If they hadn’t put it in, I’m not sure that it could have been reference: “When we started our Green Program in 2008, done.” Glawe adds, “That was a partnership piece with a local as tenants in the Metrodome, we didn’t have recycling bins company that wanted the exposure. It’s a win-win. We gain a in our office. The LEED certification pushed us in the right corporate partner and they gain a chance to advertise their direction,” says McEvoy. “Teams out there that are looking service. The benefit goes both ways.” to start a sustainability initiative, if they pick a certification, whether it’s LEED or ISO, it gets them on the right track. I art of your make environmental initiativeS P can’t say for sure, but without LEED we probably wouldn’t culture: Horsman notes that the process of adopting have an actual purchasing policy or a durable goods a greening initiative depends on the facility, with facility policy. LEED has given us a more holistic approach to our operators responsible for energy and sustainability decisions sustainability operation.” from the beginning. “One thing that I am impressed with when I walk around this facility on an event day, with our “Without uSe an integrated building aPProach: thousands of employees and tens of thousands of guests, is a doubt we advocate for LEED to others, but it’s not just the that this whole thing has become so widely adopted that it’s LEED side of it. Because of our fully integrated approach, just second nature,” says Horsman. “Our senior management we ended up with a building that is very functional. Without made this an objective and put the responsibility on a fully integrated approach you end up lacking in one area operations folks to come up with meaningful ways to do this, or another,” Glawe says. “We didn’t move into this facility and that has made it easy to propagate it on down the line. until 2010, but we started talking about LEED in early 2009. It’s impressive to see ushers, who are part-time employees, We thought, ‘What can we do now to help us a year from doing sustainable things as second nature. Nobody has to now or two years from now?’ We made our vendors follow make a concerted effort anymore because it’s just part of the regulations; we made engineering changes throughout what they do. If you’re going to have success, that’s got to be the process. Thinking far enough in advance during the a part of it.” “It has to become part of your culture,” McEvoy construction process helped us move forward a little bit adds. “That never made a whole lot of sense to me until I saw easier.” it firsthand.” endnoteS Brian Johnson, “LEED Amendment Survives in Twins Stadium Bill,” finance &, May 30, 2006, http://finance-commerce. 1 com/2006/05/leed-amendment-survives-in-twins-stadium-bill/ (accessed July 19, 2012). “Twins’ Target field Gets Highest LEED rating of Any Ballpark in America,”, April 8, 2010, 2 jsp?ymd=20100408&content_id=9142070&vkey=news_min&fext=.jsp&c_id=min (accessed July 19, 2012). How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 80 |

81 CASE STUDY amway center, home of the orlando magic arena ST aTS location: orlando, florida July 25, 2008 began construction: opened: october 1, 2010 Seating capacity: 18,846 owner: City of orlando enues operator: orlando v venue uses: nBA and collegiate basketball; lacrosse, arena football and hockey games; and a variety of concerts construction cost: $512 million (in 2012 dollars) leed certification: LEED Gold-Certified for new Construction (nC), october 1, 2010 arena that was civic-oriented, pedestrian-friendly and added the magic’S greening Story: to downtown development. We promised a sustainable arena, motivationS, challengeS and and are proud to say that with today’s announcement and leSSonS from the field with great teamwork, we have surpassed our goal for LEED 1 In October 2010, the Amway Center became the first LEED certification.” Gold–certified designed and constructed professional The Magic’s design team was driven to establish the basketball arena in North America. Today it remains the only Amway Center as a community symbol of sustainability, NBA arena to be awarded LEED Gold certification within the efficiency and green design throughout the development New Construction standard. The arena uses approximately 25 process. “Amway Center’s sustainable reach is well beyond percent less energy and 40 percent less water than arenas of the LEED certification,” said Brad Clark of Populous, similar size and type, saving the team hundreds of thousands the arena’s designer, at the certification announcement. of dollars each year—including close to $700,000 annually in “Not only did we achieve something that few other sports energy costs alone. buildings have, but we’ve created a building that is a As a sports industry leader in advanced green building sustainable community gathering space, and that was the 2 approaches for venue construction, the Amway Center driving force behind the design.” The Magic recognize that is a local and national role model for efficiency and they can best commit to greening by using their prominent environmental stewardship. The Magic have worked hard to arena to communicate the green message and through spread the green message embodied in their arena to fans leading by example. nationwide, including through their role as hosts of the 2012 NBA All-Star Game. where to Start? “We started researching environmental certifications in why go green? December 2006, six months prior to our project approval, The Magic recognized the significant financial benefit of which was in June 2007,” says Charles Freeman, executive investing in a resource-efficient building for their new vice president and chief revenue officer for the Magic. arena early in the planning process. From the outset, their “We created a sustainability team to discuss and work on operations team also had the mission of building a unique the green certification process. We brought in a couple of venue that would be a sustainability role model for the representatives from each of the parties involved in the arena Orlando community. According to Orlando Magic CEO development, which consisted of our development team, Alex Martins, the Magic are devoted to corporate social including Turner Construction and Hunt Construction, responsibility that has a positive impact citywide. “Amway the City of Orlando, TFC Engineering, and Populous, our Center is living up to its expectations,” Martins said at the designer. We got together on a weekly basis to research unveiling of the LEED Gold award. “We promised to create an certification options, and we eventually chose LEED as the right standard for us at that time and place.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 81 |

82 Freeman. “Early buy-in from the top and from all team CComPlishments greening a stanDout members made our certification a success. Our goal was to achieve a minimum of LEED Silver, and we were awarded H Nearly 90 percent of construction waste, including LEED Gold.” During 2009 the Magic worked with a consultant to more than 8,000 tons of wood, concrete and steel, measure and evaluate the environmental impacts of their was diverted from landfills. former arena, the Amway Arena. “We hired a consultant, H Over 20 percent of the facility’s building materials International Carbon Bank & Exchange, several years ago included recycled content, and 30 percent came to conduct an energy, paper and water audit to assess our from local sources. carbon footprint,” says Freeman. His team sought to improve operations at the new Amway Center by better understanding H High-efficiency systems at the Amway Center their resource use at the old arena. “We also wanted the consume approximately 25 percent less energy consultant to create an educational awareness campaign for than a comparable code-compliant design. This our fans and employees,” he explains. saves nearly $750,000 a year. To best integrate their environmental agenda organization- wide, the Magic sought buy-in from staff in all departments. H Water used inside the building was reduced by “We had visionary sessions and had each of the departments 40 percent through the use of high-efficiency water nominate an ambassador to effect daily operations and closets, urinals and lavatory faucets, and low-flow create solutions,” says Freeman. “For example, to minimize plumbing fixtures like dual-flush toilets, resulting waste we implemented a comprehensive recycling program in savings of more than 800,000 gallons of water throughout the old building and new building. We worked per year. with Rock and Wrap It Up! to take the leftover prepared food from all games and deliver it to local shelters and food H Rainwater and air-conditioning condensation are banks.” captured and stored onsite in a 5,000-gallon To better engage fans on green issues, the Magic became cistern and used for irrigation. one of the first teams to partner with PepsiCo to incentivize Preferred parking spots have been designated onsite H recycling, with immediate rewards. “We installed a Pepsi and in the adjacent parking garage for low-emitting Dream Machine in the Amway center in a partnership with vehicles and carpools. PepsiCo,” reports Freeman. “The Dream Machine is an initiative that rewards fans for recycling on the go. For every Multiple bus lines, a future light-rail system near the H bottle or can you return, you receive coupons for Pepsi site, and bicycle parking racks on or near the site products at various retail locations.” encourage alternate transportation to events. H The Amway Center uses only environmentally friendly challengeS: overcome and ongoing cleaning products. From the outset the Magic’s operations team recognized that H Both the roof of the building and the hardscape areas pursuing LEED certification is often an expensive process around the building have been designed to minimize and requires significant capital outlay in order to invest in daytime heat gain and subsequent nighttime release. advanced and efficient technologies. “We made sure we started putting money aside even before we got into the design process,” says Freeman. “We put money aside to make By using an integrated approach, the Magic were able sure we could manage the up-front investments needed to to both rely on the expertise of their many development achieve the LEED certification, and ultimately the LEED Gold partners for the green building work and ensure that all were level.” Nevertheless, the Magic sustainability team expected committed to the team’s environmental objectives. “We to quickly recoup the initial outlay with significant resource had about 15 folks meeting to discuss environmental issues savings. In fact, the Amway Center’s high-efficiency systems more generally to begin with, and then we narrowed it down use about 25 percent less energy and save the team nearly to achieving LEED certification for our new arena,” says $750,000 every year, relative to a comparable code-compliant Freeman. “We have no ‘sustainability director,’ as we try to design. reinforce that greening is a kind of philosophy throughout the “Setting the goals and the parameters at the front end operations team at the Amway Center.” helped us achieve LEED Gold. We took the time, the energy, Freeman explains that because all departments were the resources and the money to do it right and help the committed to the LEED process, the Magic’s sustainability environment,” Freeman explains. “Building an arena is a team was able to set high standards for the project. “The complex task. Setting our goals early made it efficient and Magic support LEED all the way up to the DeVos family— effective, allowing us to maximize how environmentally which includes the owner, chairman and other significant friendly we could be because we thought about it from the Magic executives—as does the mayor of Orlando,” explains beginning.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 82 |

83 leSSonS from the field “The amway cenTer is one of Freeman strongly emphasizes the Set goalS early: importance of early research and goal-setting to best our mosT visible examples of accomplish the system-wide improvements and greening how The ciT y and our parTners initiatives that have the greatest payoff. “Set your goals as are embracing susT ainable early as possible, and set aside the resources and the capital to achieve them,” he advises. “Setting our goals early made pracTices and will allow us T o it efficient and effective, allowing us to maximize how furTher engage The communiT y environmentally friendly we could be because we thought o ‘go green,’” in The efforT T about it from the beginning.” says Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer. don’t feel reStricted by the leed Point SyStem; incorPorate your own initiativeS: According to Freeman, one of the interesting things that the Magic’s Because the Magic were starting from scratch on their operations team learned during the LEED process was how new arena, they were also able to integrate green efficiency to incorporate efficient green practices that made sense measures that rely on optimizing the building’s orientation. for the Amway Center but weren’t necessarily part of the “We have minimal use of glass on the east and west sides of standard. “For example, we run on a chilled water plant, and the Amway Center, which helps with the high-level insulation the LEED certification never really included recognition for energy efficiency for the project,” says Freeman. “The glass having a centralized chilled water facility,” says Freeman. that is prevalent on the north side of the building is out of “So we had to work with the U.S. Green Building Council to direct sunlight and thus doesn’t sacrifice energy performance. ultimately create a new chilled water facility that provided We also orient the windows to minimize heat gain.” The all the air-conditioning. While our LEED certification didn’t Amway Center’s downtown location also provides fan access take into consideration our chilled water system, we had to to and from the city center with multiple bus lines. “There are make it effective for future groups to use the same technique. bicycle racks and parking spots for high-efficiency vehicles,” We were able to have those discussions and make our chilled he adds, “and a direct rail system in the works.” water system more efficient. As chilled water was not in the The Magic’s operations team continues to work closely LEED certification process when we pursued it, we had to with city officials to expand and improve their green integrate it ourselves.” programs. “We have weekly meetings with the City of Orlando, and we continue to talk through the green initiatives take advantage of the league Platform for throughout the year,” says Freeman. extra PreSS: The Magic piggyback on the NBA’s national green campaigns to draw awareness to their advanced sustainability work in Orlando. “NBA Green Week is our big platform for environmental outreach. We rally around that week so that our fans become more environmentally aware, but obviously we continue having many ongoing green initiatives during the year as well,” says Freeman. “The NBA has an environmental campaign, NBA Green, on the national level and we take it locally to impact our fans in Orlando, regionally and elsewhere.” endnoteS 1 2 ibid. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 83 |

84 CASE STUDY buSch Stadium, home of the St. louiS cardinalS arK ST aTS BaLLP location: St. Louis, Missouri January 17, 2004 began construction: April 10, 2006 opened: Seating capacity: 46,000 owner: St. Louis Cardinals, LLC operator: St. Louis Cardinals, LLC venue uses: MLB baseball games and concerts 2 construction cost: $421 million (in 2012 dollars) the cardinalS’ greening Story: motivationS, challengeS and “we look a T [greening The leSSonS from the field adium] more as a journey sT The St. Louis Cardinals are one of the most award- , of conTinuous improvemenT winning teams in baseball. Since they joined the National ra TTaining a goal Ther Than a League in 1892, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series Abernathy says. Tion,” or desTina Joe Championships, 18 National League Pennants, 8 National League Central Division Titles, 3 National League Eastern 1 Division Titles, and more than 9,300 games. pastime, as an important mouthpiece for environmental The Cardinals have also been earning accolades for stewardship. “I think collectively we could make a difference,” their green efforts, including the St. Louis Green Business he says. Challenge Award of Achievement, the Missouri Waste Abernathy hopes that the Cardinals’ green efforts will Coalition Environmental Stewardship Award, and the help spur further action by all 30 MLB teams, and other Downtown St. Louis Community Improvement Sustainability sports teams in the Midwest, to become more efficient and Award. Thanks to the strong commitment of their operations environmentally intelligent. “If we can get other stadiums staff and front office team, the Cardinals have achieved a 29 measuring their resource use and greening, then we can use percent waste diversion rate, a 23 percent reduction in overall that data to start identifying which buildings out there are energy use (and base power demand), and a 10 percent cut in operating better than others, and maybe there are individual water use across all operations since opening their stadium processes or techniques they have that they can teach the rest just five years ago. With a solar array newly installed in 2012, of us to do too,” he explains. the Cardinals continue to set the bar high on and off the field. The Cardinals’ interest in greening has also been encouraged by the growing green buildings and sustainable operations movement in the United States. “We caught why go green? that wave and are continuing to do what we’ve done all The Cardinals see greening and efficiency as an integral part along as far as running an efficient operation.” According to of operating Busch Stadium in an economically and socially Abernathy, efficiency is just as important for Busch Stadium responsible way. “Since day one, operating this building in as any building or business that wants to save money on an effective manner has been a prime objective,” says Joe operating costs. “We’re just basically running a building that Abernathy, vice president of stadium operations at Busch houses baseball games,” he says. Stadium. “We’ve always been a proponent of continuous improvement in what we do and how we do it.” For the Cardinals, this improvement involves both operational where to Start? efficiency and the bottom line, as well as being a community “When it comes to stadiums and sustainable operations, and sports-industry role model. reducing energy use is the place to start,” says Abernathy. As the former president of the Stadium Managers “The cost of energy to run a stadium is typically 15 to 20 Association as well as longtime VP of Busch Stadium percent of our total stadium operations budget. So when we Operations, Abernathy views greening as an imperative not were able to reduce our energy use by 23 percent, it had a only for the Cardinals, but also for Major League Baseball significant impact on the bottom line—for us, saving up to (MLB) as a whole. With more than 20,000 fans attending $150,000 annually. It all starts with knowing what your energy most MLB games, Abernathy sees baseball, our national consumption is.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 84 |

85 One key to the Cardinals’ energy success right off the CarDinals’ greening mission statement bat was the operation team’s initiating data tracking using the EPA’s free EnergyStar Portfolio Manager. “Signing up as “The St. Louis Cardinals are committed to promoting an EnergyStar Partner and using their Portfolio Manager environmental stewardship and sustainability. Our goal is tool to help us track and better understand our energy to put a winning team on the field and create a safe, fun, consumption was a great start,” says Abernathy. “It’s a tool family friendly environment and entertainment experience in which business operators can keep track or measure their for our guests while minimizing the impact on the natural energy use. It takes into account the weather, so it gives you environment. Specifically, the Cardinals will: a statistic at the end of the process that can help you gauge how efficiently you’re using your energy.” Strive to minimize pollution and waste through H Abernathy explains that the Portfolio Manager helps his programs designed to reduce and recycle the team better analyze their data and understand when they’ve consumable materials we use throughout our achieved real savings. “I had been tracking my energy use operations. outside of Portfolio Manager, but did not have a way to normalize the data for weather,” says Abernathy. “Portfolio Conserve energy and water, support renewable energy H Manager can do that and showed that the energy reduction resources, and encourage environmentally sound 3 was real—and not just the result of mild weather.” The transportation options for employees and fans. Portfolio Manager helped the Cardinals prove that since 2007 H Identify and purchase environmentally friendly they’ve cut the ballpark’s energy use by 23 percent—down to products and services for all stadium and team 161.2 kBtu per square-foot from 211.8—after normalizing for weather. This saved the team more than $300,000 in energy operations.” costs between 2007 and 2010. According to EPA EnergyStar, this puts Busch Stadium at an energy performance level that is 39 percent better than the national average for 4 stanDout CComPlishments greening a entertainment buildings (265 kBtu/sq. ft./year). Next the Cardinals worked on “getting the workforce The Cardinals’ “4 A Greener Game” program, H engaged in that process, using their help to identify potentials for our improvement and making that happen,” says launched in 2008, is credited with recycling more Abernathy. During the 2008 season, Abernathy’s team began than 1,836 tons of solid waste, more than 575 tons by piloting the “4 a Greener Game” green team program of yard waste, and more than 110 tons of composted where volunteers work in coordination with Cardinals staff organic material. to collect recyclables throughout the ballpark during every H The team's concessionaire, Delaware North home game and educate fans about the Cardinals green 5 Sportservice, has donated more than $159,000 initiatives. Their very successful initial two-month pilot project was expanded to a permanent green team program worth of food to Operation Food Search, a local food that is now made up of an average of 25 volunteers and bank, with a waste diversion rate of 29 percent. continues to grow year by year. H The Cardinals have reduced their energy use by Thanks to this well-established green team, the Cardinals 23 percent and water use by 10 percent since the have diverted more than 1,836 tons of recyclables, including stadium opened in 2006. more than 575 tons of compostable yard waste, from local landfills. The program also encourages the approximately Busch Stadium has instituted several low-cost and 3 million fans who come to games each year to use the 550 no-cost energy-saving measures, including: recycling bins around the ballpark. In addition, the Cardinals Using compact fluorescent lights throughout H have devoted maintenance staff to separating out additional the stadium. recyclables from garbage bags post-game. To build on the momentum around their “4 a Greener Installing occupancy sensors in several rooms. H Game” program and ongoing recycling successes, the Fine-tuning existing operating systems, such as H Cardinals established a green mission statement and environmental commitment to help direct their green work pumps and blowers in the HVAC system. and educate their fans. The mission statement is posted on H Using a lighting control system. the Cardinals’ website, which draws more than 32.7 million H Repairing and improving building insulation. visitors in season and more than 13 million unique visitors a month. The statement begins: “The St. Louis Cardinals are committed to promoting environmental stewardship and sustainability. Our goal is to put a winning team on the field and create a safe, fun, family friendly environment and entertainment experience for our guests while minimizing the impact on the natural environment.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 85 |

86 challengeS: overcome and ongoing the greening Programs BehinD Given that Busch Stadium opened relatively recently (in the CarDinals’ green aWarDs 2006), the Cardinals are justifiably proud of having achieved a 23 percent reduction in energy use since that time, and the Partnership for Downtown st. louis and the Abernathy’s team is working hard to continue the trend. In fact, plumbing, lighting, and HVAC (heating, ventilation, and Downtown Community improvement District— air conditioning) technologies have improved significantly To celebrate the 40th anniversary sustainability award: over the last five years, enabling the Cardinals to upgrade of Earth Day, the St. Louis Cardinals hosted an e-cycling their systems significantly over a short period. drive, collecting unwanted electronics in the Ballpark The Cardinals’ operations team and Microgrid Energy, Village Lot. During this first annual two-day event, Busch Stadium’s energy manager, undertook an “investment- more than 1,500 people dropped off their unwanted grade” energy audit in 2011 to identify additional energy- electronics, filling 14 tractor trailers and diverting 158 efficiency measures for the ballpark. They found close to 200 tons of electronics from the landfill. cost-effective energy improvements that formed the basis for the Cardinals’ comprehensive energy-efficiency strategy, st. louis green Business Challenge—award of including no-cost or low-cost controls systems optimization The St. Louis Green Business Challenge achievement: and potential capital upgrades. As of mid-2012, the team is a encourages companies to adopt sustainable practices third of the way through systematically executing their list of by forming Green Teams, conserving energy and water, energy-efficiency measures, with plans to complete them all. reducing waste, improving indoor environmental quality, “We looked for simple ways to reduce energy use, like setting and providing clean transportation options. The St. Louis back thermostats, turning off lights, and keeping doors Cardinals documented data to help sustain, share, and closed. Then we moved into investing in lighting retrofits, promote the efforts made through the St. Louis Green retro-commissioning, and renewable energy projects. Along the way we took advantage of energy-reduction grants and Business Challenge. rebates offered by our local utility and government agencies,” missouri Waste Coalition—environmental stewardship explains Abernathy. “We look at it more as a journey of The Cardinals reduced pollutant emissions or award: continuous improvement, rather than attaining a goal or consumption of natural resources using methods that 6 destination,” says Abernathy. are both environmentally and economically sustainable For example, the Cardinals have replaced more than 1,000 and showed documented results both before and after traditional spotlights and floodlights with LED lamps to cut implementation. lighting power demand in several areas around the ballpark by 90 percent. The team also implemented a ventilation The St. Louis Cardinals were given WasteWise Partner: control scheme in electrical rooms to eliminate the year- the award for demonstrating commitment to waste round use of the equivalent of a hefty 100-ton air conditioner. reduction by the EPA. Abernathy’s team has similarly installed smaller, dedicated cooling systems for the scoreboard control room and video This certificate appreciation: the Bridge—Certificate of coaching room to substitute for very large HVAC units better was received in recognition of the St. Louis Cardinals’ suited for larger areas. valuable contribution to reclaiming and providing food Additionally, the Cardinals have changed the operation for The Bridge, a shelter for homeless and at-risk people and controls on pumps and installed a new heat exchanger in St. Louis. so that the steam plant is now able to recover heat from waste condensate (from the system that brings hot water to the showers and HVAC systems). This reduces the amount of heat that must be generated for other applications and eliminates “This is all parT of The sT . l ouis the need for pumping 5 million gallons of cooling water. All told, the Cardinals have invested several hundred o cardinals’ commiTmenT T thousand dollars and are saving that much each year. The says Abernathy. s game,” green iT return on investment for most of their initiatives is typically “since The sT adium opened in less than a year, allowing the team to use the savings to improve their operations and the bottom line in other ways. o say Tha 2006, we’re proud T T “This is all part of the St. Louis Cardinals’ commitment to we’ve been able T o cuT our green its game,” says Abernathy. “Since the stadium opened energy use by 23 percenT and in 2006, we’re proud to say that we’ve been able to cut our 7 energy use by 23 percent and water use by 10 percent.” Ter use by 10 percenT .” This wa saved The Team more Than s. $300,000 in energy cosT How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 86 |

87 Most recently, the team unveiled a new 106-panel solar array atop a ticket building and concession area at one major CarDinals use greening entrance to the ballpark. The U.S.-manufactured array will a CommunitY leaDer to Be produce approximately 32,000 kWh of energy annually, enough to power the stadium scoreboards or cook about 4 In March 2012, the Cardinals teamed up with the Natural million hot dogs. Resources Defense Council to host a tour and discussion “We’ve installed a 25-kilowatt solar array that gives us the of the improvements they’ve made to their energy systems ability to generate enough clean energy to power all of the at Busch Stadium. About 25 energy leaders from Missouri— retail stores at the ballpark. It’s not a whole lot of energy, but including representatives from the local electric utility, state every little bit helps,” says Abernathy. “We think it’s a great way to demonstrate how solar works and how renewable energy regulators, environmental advocates, and the energy energy works in St. Louis. We hope to be a proponent of management team at Microgrid Energy—had the unique clean energy and educate our fans about the importance of opportunity to hear a first-hand account of the energy 8 renewable energy.” efficiency work implemented at Busch Stadium. leSSonS from the field a’S energyStar Portfolio manager to uSe eP helP track and manage your energy data: Abernathy explains that the Portfolio Manager helps his team better analyze their data and understand when they’ve ©Microgrid Solar achieved real savings. “I had been tracking my energy use outside of Portfolio Manager, but did not have a way to normalize the data for weather,” says Abernathy. “Portfolio Manager can do that and showed that the energy reduction was real—and not just the result of mild weather.” uSe auditS to identify both Short-term and long-term oPPortunitieS to Save: The Cardinals’ operations team and Microgrid Energy, Busch Stadium’s energy manager, invested in an “investment-grade” energy audit in 2011 to identify additional energy efficiency measures for the ballpark. They found close to 200 cost- effective energy improvements that formed the basis for the Cardinals’ comprehensive energy efficiency strategy, including no-cost or low-cost controls systems optimization and potential capital upgrades. endnoteS 1 2 3 The Energy information Administration’s Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) indicates that the average energy intensity of 4 an entertainment facility is 265 kBtu/sq. ft./year; 5 6 7 8 9 Page 87 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

88 CASE STUDY air canada centre, home of the toronto maPle leafS and raPtorS arena ST aTS location: Toronto, ontario began construction: March 12, 1997 opened: february 19, 1999 Seating capacity: 19,800 (20,511 with standing room) owner: Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment operator: Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment venue uses: nBA, nHL, and nLL games, concerts, political conventions $342 million (in 2012 dollars) construction cost: air canada centre greening T ook a pracTical look a “we T Story: motivationS, challengeS The challenge and sT arTed and leSSonS from the field wiTh The mosT logical One of the busiest arenas in the world, Air Canada Centre holds an average of 180 ticketed events with 2.75 million Te more process—can we opera attendees coming through the building each year. Beginning an we modify The efficienTly? c in 2008, Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment (MLSE), owners o make Them way we do Things T of the Toronto Maple Leafs, the Toronto Raptors, and Air Canada Centre, launched “Team Up Green,” a five-year plan explains Bryan more efficienT?” that set environmental goals for the arena. The sustainability Leslie, director of building operations. plan specifically set goals to reduce energy use by 30 percent, reduce the arena’s carbon footprint by 30 percent, and divert 95 percent of waste from landfills by 2013—and they are important initiative,” Leslie explains. The MLSE Team Up close to meeting these goals. The arena has already met their Green mission statement reflects this objective: “Maple Leaf carbon reduction goal two years early and they are diverting Sports & Entertainment is committed to being a responsible 74 percent of their waste from landfills. Energy use at the corporate citizen and leader in the community. To this facility has also been reduced considerably, though the arena end, it has created a committee dedicated to reducing the is waiting for an external audit to confirm this measurement. 1 company’s and its venues' environmental footprints.” why go green? where to Start? When Bryan Leslie, director of building operations and Team “The lucky part, and the great news about the green program, Up Green, joined the operations team at Air Canada Centre is that our board of directors and senior management were in 2007, senior management challenged him to create a engaged and interested at the very beginning,” says Leslie. viable environmental program at the arena. “I started with “They told me that if we could develop an environmental the company in 2007, and before I arrived there were not plan that met our objectives, we could have the funding to get many environmental initiatives in place, but there was a the job done. Our designed capital plan was $5 million over 5 lot of interest,” says Leslie. “I had experience with greening years.” working for the federal government at a military base where Air Canada Centre’s sustainability program began with we practiced demand response, deconstruction instead of a comprehensive plan. Over the course of 2007 Leslie and demolishing, and energy-efficient lighting retrofits.” his operations team set objectives, developed a budget, “As for the kick-off of Team Up Green, it really was and worked with senior management to determine senior management that saw the need to investigate the reasonable and feasible goals to strive for. “We thought, environmental possibilities of the facility,” Leslie continues. what’s reasonable for an arena whose main focus is sporting “They had a good handle on our league’s environmental and concerts in terms of waste diversion and reducing development, and wanted to be at the forefront of this utility costs?” says Leslie. “We had a corporate partner—a How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 88 |

89 local utility, Direct Energy—that also saw a market for stanDout CComPlishments greening a environmental planning. They did a lot of background research in conjunction with us, measuring our utility usage, H Reduced carbon emissions by 30 percent from how our waste stream was being managed, etc. We had a lot of brainstorming sessions where we bounced around ideas 2007 to 2011 about what is reasonable, what is sensible. We tried to build H Use deep-lake water cooling, which eliminates the a matrix of ideas for the entire five years, starting with what’s need for air-conditioning compressors practical and moving up from there.” In order to formulate these sustainability goals, the H Use steam produced centrally instead of using many operations team needed to collect baseline data about boilers the arena’s operations in order to track their current H Upgraded lighting to LED and T8 lighting throughout consumption. “To benchmark our processes, we conducted the venue and office tower, estimated to reduce a survey of all systems in the building, auditing the waste energy use by 1.34 million kWh stream, utilities, and general operational processes using an outside consultant to ensure that we could create goals that Installed occupancy sensors and lighting controls on H were attainable and measurable,” Leslie explains. office floors to reduce light levels As a result, three main goals were officially set as Employ overnight temperature set back H organizational objectives in 2008: a 30 percent reduction in energy use, a 30 percent reduction in carbon footprint, and H Installed variable speed drives on pumps and fans reducing waste going to landfills by 95 percent. “[The last Installing high-efficiency HVAC system H was] our most lofty goal,” says Leslie. “But I’m adamant about having every piece of scrap out of landfill if I can do it.” Updated refrigerators to EnergyStar-rated models H Once the objectives were in place, “we took a practical Proactive internal program aimed at reducing H look at the challenge and started with the most logical electricity usage and plug load in office tower process—can we operate more efficiently? Can we modify the way we do things to make them more efficient?” explains H Reduced landfilled waste by 74 percent from Leslie. “We looked at really basic things: creating tri-sorters 2007 benchmark through a combination of source for separating recyclables, diverting our waste, looking at reduction, recycling and composting, averaging 55 the lighting. The first thing we did was figuratively put on to 60 percent monthly diversion rates in 2012 green hats. Without pulling out our wallets, what can we do differently, based on what we have today, to be more Use tri-sorters to separate organics and recyclables H efficient? Let’s think more effectively.” Divert 500 metric tons of organic materials annually, H They started with small, cost-saving changes. “By turning which is composted at a local farm and resold as soil off lights when not needed, by reusing materials, by making the HVAC system operate on a tighter timeline, we reduced Purchase post-consumer recycled paper products H utilities by 5 percent in the first year,” he says. “We changed Sell or donate old furniture instead of sending H the way we operate and saw an immediate impact through to landfills using practical green sense. These changes for the most part were free, and set the stage to start modifying our operation H Donate approximately 15,000 pounds of unused food more broadly.” to Second Harvest Food Bank annually After the low-hanging fruit, Leslie and his team went after H Reduce packaging where possible and switched from larger, more nuanced projects in the building. Fortunately cardboard box delivery to reusable plastic containers they were able to tap into the highly efficient infrastructure of downtown Toronto. “This building is lucky in that we don’t Recycle fryer oil for conversion to biofuel H have a boiler and we don’t have a chiller to cool the air. We Shifting to bio-based/organic packaging materials H are proud of the fact that we use a system called ‘deep lake water cooling,’ which is available here in downtown Toronto. H Use environmentally friendly cleaning supplies and They take 40-degree water from the bottom of the lake that chemicals, including Green Seal and Eco Logo they would be taking for domestic consumption and we use certified products the energy from that cold water to cool the building. We also use a district heating plan which is in the downtown core Installed sensors and aerators on faucets H that feeds many high-rise buildings. So instead of having 40 H Filter ice-making water through reverse osmosis, boilers, there is one working efficiently that can be staged instead of treating chemically based on demand, which is more effective.” But Leslie’s team didn’t stop there—they kept looking for Treat the water in ice-making plant with “anode H additional ways to reuse energy within the building. “We technology” instead of with chemicals took it a step further because we heat the building through How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 89 |

90 We asked our engineers to not control valves from 0-100 percent on/off, but instead look at what our goal was. Just Tives “we developed These iniTia by changing some of the controls we saved about $60,000 as a full-circle and all- and reduced utilities 6 percent in the first year, costing us encompassing program, nothing.” Meeting their waste diversion goal was one of the biggest Touching all deparTmenT s and challenges for Air Canada Centre, since there was no processes where possible. comprehensive recycling program in place at the arena. increasing recycling while They tackled this by starting small and working with what was already available. “There was no program here at first, so o be dumped leaving wasTe oil T literally taking a plastic cup out of the waste stream was one o us, so we didn’T make sense T of our ideas. Looking at infrastructure happened at the very looked a T individual plans and beginning. We knew we wanted to recycle but knew that we only had single-stream [recycling available]. So we looked at ored in how They affecT facT how we could use the infrastructure we had internally in the oTher aspecT s of opera Tion, building to be able to divert our waste.” and made sure we considered The arena started by investing in waste-sorting equipment and brainstorming with staff and suppliers about how all processes,” says Bryan Leslie. to manage each part of their waste stream as efficiently as possible. “Not only did we buy tri-sorters, but we also developed an organics [management] plan to effectively heat exchangers and direct steam. We have a condensate collect organics out of the kitchens,” Leslie explained. “We as a result of steam condensing and turning into hot water. looked at how we could use our compactors more effectively, We found that there was still energy in that hot water. We using a cardboard compactor to also take plastics. We converted many of our hot water heating systems to use that negotiated with our suppliers to improve the way we do condensate water to remove that last bit of energy to preheat things and worked with good companies to develop a plan our hot water tanks, therefore reducing utility further.” using what we had in place already, as well as to change what His team is continuously looking for more efficient ways we had to so that everything worked in conjunction with the to operate and reduce the environmental impact of their new plan.” building, an effort that is keeping them on the leading edge Air Canada Centre has since reduced the amount of of sustainability in their industry. For instance, another landfilled waste by 74 percent from their 2007 baseline. “That innovative project they took on was eliminating the [reduction] is made up of two numbers,” Leslie explains, “our chemicals used in their ice making. Leslie explains, “We had monthly diversion of what we generate, which is around 55 a system in the building that de-ionized the water to make to 60 percent, and also from reducing the amount of material the ice rink. It’s a chemical additive to city water, used to coming into the building overall.” Source reduction was a purify it and make a clearer, harder, faster sheet of ice for key factor in this initiative. “We found that through some our players —which is fairly typical. We looked at whether practices we could reduce our landfill rate by not having we were comfortable putting those chemicals in city water some materials ever exist in the building to begin with.” For that ends up in the sanitary sewer, and ultimately decided example, the arena switched to using reusable pallets instead we didn’t like that method. So we converted our ice-making of cardboard boxes for shipping. plant to a reverse-osmosis system that uses no chemical Another area the arena has worked on reducing is water additives, and we use water-based paint on the ice. So now all consumption. They began with small retrofits such as faucet of our ice is chemical-free when it goes back into the drain.” sensors and aerators. They also installed a high-efficiency flushometer system to reduce water use—though this didn’t go exactly according to plan. “We originally increased our challengeS: overcome and ongoing water consumption as a consequence of putting on that “The thing with an arena is that ‘the show must go on’ flushometer system,” says Leslie. “We wondered why this mentality is absolutely there,” explains Leslie. “But within was happening—when we thought we were doing a good that mentality, there are a lot of opportunities, and we found thing. Well, it turns out that a lot of our fans don’t use the a ton.” manual flush on urinals—so when we installed the automatic According to Leslie, many of these opportunities involved flushometer our water use went up. We’ve minimized the rethinking how the arena staff approached operations. “For water use as much as we can—and at the end of the day we example, it needs to be 60 degrees exactly before a hockey can still justify the system because there’s a cleanliness and game. But do we need to open up all the valves 100 percent health benefit and a maintenance factor in not having to immediately at 3 a.m.? We found that wasn’t the case. It’s just replace piping often.” because that is the typical way of doing it. We just relooked at the way we did things, and engaged our local utilities. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 90 |

91 ©olivier Samson Arcand Waterless fixtures are still on the horizon at the arena, create an integrated SuStainability Plan for Leslie says. “We did research into waterless urinals but we’re your building: “We developed these initiatives as a not quite there yet. It’s still on our radar but we have to make full-circle and all-encompassing program, touching all a judgment call. Last time we researched it there was a little departments and processes where possible. Increasing trepidation in terms of aesthetics in the building and the recycling while leaving waste oil to be dumped didn’t make operation but I’m sure it will be here soon.” sense to us, so we looked at individual plans and factored in how they affect other aspects of operation, and made sure we considered all processes. Now all collected waste oil is leSSonS from the field converted into biodiesel, and we remove as much from the waste stream as possible, like fluorescent lights, batteries, form a green team and involve Senior toner, and all of the usual stuff. We also had the challenge of management: “One of the things I wanted to do with the doing this on a 10+-year-old building, so we needed to rework Green Team is get people from all departments to have a solid older technology in a comprehensive way,” Leslie explains. cross-section of staff,” says Leslie. “We engaged our senior “This program has been so successful that we are now in the management immediately, (1) because they had buy-in, process of applying for LEED Existing Building (EB) status.” and (2) because we needed their endorsement and input. We quite regularly present our plans and ideas to senior management to make sure that our direction is going the same way that’s expected of us.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 91 |

92 track your SavingS So you can tout your ProgreSS: Without good data it’s difficult to accurately “The Thing wiTh an arena estimate your savings and publicize your progress. This is a T ‘The show musT go is Tha challenge that Air Canada Centre faces, explains Leslie. “We on’ menT aliT y is absoluTely do not have a record of our utility savings but I wish we did. This is our final year of our five-year plan and the one thing There. buT wiThin Tha T that is always a moving target is addition and subtraction T of y, There are a lo aliT menT of devices and utility consumption in the building. So while opporTuniTies, and we found we’ve replaced all of our T12 and T8 lighting and done heating improvements, etc., the numbers are confusing.” Systemized a T on,” says Bryan Leslie. data collection of the building’s consumption is key to quantifying these savings, and is a major goal for the arena in order to make sure their Team Up Green objectives are being Share ideaS with PeerS—join the green SPortS met. “Our target this year is to invest our capital dollars into alliance: Sharing your successes and challenges with peers specific measurement,” Leslie continues. “I want to stand up is crucial to creating widespread change, Leslie emphasizes. and say we absolutely hit our targets. The only way I can do “With our green program, we don’t like to keep all our ideas that is to engage the company and place metering devices in-house. So when working with other groups we try to listen within the building to make sure I hit my mark.” to them and then give back some of our good ideas to try and raise the bar everywhere. If we all raise the bar, we’re all engage your fanS: Make sure your fans know what going to win. Through the Green Sports Alliance we’ve met you’re doing, and how they can get involved, Leslie stresses. so many contacts and gotten great information from them. “We put our messages on the boards and on displays. Most All the ideas are good, even though they don’t all work in all nights we profess what we’re doing in-house. We’ve done locations. We have discussions monthly with the NHL, and PSAs with teams; we’ve done interviews on the radio. We’ve all of the arenas come to the table with their ideas. There had our suppliers literally set up on the concourse as fans are new ideas every month. Just last month I heard about are walking by to show them what happens to the beer cups electrically charged water that replaces a cleaner. Amazing when they’re done with them. We use television, newsprint— stuff is coming out now and as much as I’m proud of what we get the message out in any fashion we can.” we’ve done, I see that there are so many new ideas out there. I’m learning every day just like everyone else.” endnoteS , 2010. Air Canada Centre 1 Maple Leaf Sports and Entertainment, “Greening MLSE,” (accessed July 18, 2012). Page 92 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

93 CASE STUDY toyota center, home of the houSton rocketS arena ST aTS location: Houston, Texas July 21, 2001 began construction: opened: october 6, 2003 Seating capacity: 18,400 owner: Harris County—Houston Sports Authority operator: Clutch City Sports and Entertainment venue uses: nBA games, AHL games, concerts, family shows, and conventions construction cost: $255 million (in 2012 dollars) leed certification: LEED Silver for Existing Buildings: operations and Maintenance in January 2010 the rocketS’ greening Story: why go green? motivationS, challengeS and By being environmentally responsible in their building and team operations, the Houston Rockets view their green leSSonS from the field program as a way to lead by example in the community. The Toyota Center and Houston Rockets had environmental “Through our efforts with Green Games, aggressive recycling, responsibility on their radar even before the arena opened public outreach initiatives featuring Rockets players, in 2003. “We started before we got into the building. We have environmental support efforts, and many other programs, always been very environmentally conscious at the Toyota we are providing a significant educational support Center—it’s always been a part of how we operate,” says mechanism to our community and fans alike,” says Rockets Sarah Joseph, director of community relations at the Rockets. 2 CEO Tad Brown. The push towards operational efficiency and eventually By showcasing environmental initiatives at the venue pursuing LEED certification stems from their green-minded and team community events, the Toyota Center and the owner, Leslie Alexander. “Environmental responsibility Rockets strive to engage their fans and their community is extremely important to Mr. Alexander,” says Scott in environmentally responsible behavioral changes. This 1 Manley, director of event operations at Toyota Center. The strong commitment to environmentalism is reinforced Toyota Center was the fourth NBA arena to receive LEED by the venue’s achievement of LEED certification in 2010. certification, earning LEED Silver for Existing Buildings: “In keeping with [owner] Leslie Alexander’s vision of Operations and Maintenance in 2010. “Applying for LEED environmental responsibility, we have dedicated many was done on a voluntary basis, so we looked at that as an resources over the past few years to gain certification opportunity to take a leadership role,” says Manley. within the LEED program with regards to sustainability and operational efficiency,” Brown explains. “This certification serves as validation that our aggressive approach to energy management, recycling and waste reduction programs “Toyo Ta cenTer has a unique have made a difference here at Toyota Center and in our o serve as an opporTuniT y T 3 community.” The Toyota Center was the first professional sports facility indusTry leader in The fuTure of in Texas to get LEED certification in 2010, and, according to Ting ainabiliT susT y. we are opera Greg Poole, director of facility operations, was among only ally in a more environmenT two or three other buildings in Houston that were LEED- 4 certified at that time. As of 2012, there are now more than conscious manner and educa Ting 5 100 LEED-certified buildings in the Houston area. Trons Tha T The millions of pa aTTend Toyo s Ta cenTer evenT each year regarding ways They can help,” says Rockets chief executive officer Tad Brown. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 93 |

94 where to Start? stanDout greening a CComPlishments Though the Toyota Center has long been involved in environmental initiatives, “in 2008 we really made it more energY formal and started the LEED certification process,” explains Through numerous energy efficiency improvements, the Joseph. “We launched initiatives on two separate fronts to arena has reduced overall electricity use by more than ensure that environmental awareness was at the center of 27 percent since 2003, earning EnergyStar recognition. daily operational activities for Rockets and Toyota Center. Initiatives include: First, we began the application process for Toyota Center to become a LEED-certified facility. Secondly, we also H Engaging local entities in retro-commissioning established a Rockets Green Committee to develop platforms practices for guiding our green programs that would be inclusive of Installing a Building Automation System H staff, fans, and others in the Greater Houston Community.” “On the LEED certification side, Mr. Alexander, our CEO Installing compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) H Tad Brown, our CFO Marcus Jolibois, our Assistant GM Scott throughout the venue, saving $70,000 annually Manley, and people on the facilities side were involved. Our Installing motion light sensors in offices H Director of Facility Operations, Greg Poole, spearheaded our overall efforts to get the LEED certification,” says Joseph. Purchasing renewable energy credits from H For the Rockets, LEED certification started with collecting energy provider baseline data at the building. “When beginning the LEED AIR QUALITY process, it was important to undergo a comprehensive building survey to establish a baseline from which to H Increasing indoor air quality exceeding ASHRAE expand,” Joseph continues. “We partnered with a local standards, including entry mats that reduce engineering firm to assist with the LEED application process.” particulates entering building, and MERV 14 air Poole and Manley, along with an eight-person staff, centered filters on air handlers that reduce energy use the LEED process around five key areas: energy, air quality, Water water use, reduced chemicals use, and educational outreach. Achieving a 50 percent reduction in landscaping H Aiming for EnergyStar recognition guided the Rockets’ water use by using native plants and installing a drip energy efficiency initiatives. Poole and his team used EnergyStar Portfolio Manager to compare their building’s irrigation system energy use to similar buildings, which was helpful in gauging H Installing low-flow faucets, toilets, and urinals, which their building’s energy intensity. “We were always really reduce potable water consumption by 30 percent aggressive in trying to reduce our energy and our footprint,” Poole said. “We wanted some validation of what we were reDuCeD ChemiCals use doing.” Reducing pesticide use by using Integrated Pest H However, this sort of energy comparison can be Management (IPM) problematic, Poole notes, since as of yet EnergyStar does Introducing a high performance green cleaning H not include a sports venue category. “Currently EnergyStar program including Green Seal-certified products does not have a specific rating or grouping for arenas and stadiums. Arenas attempting to get the points within LEED environmental eDuCation that are associated with EnergyStar have to submit any data Earned LEED Innovation points for education programs, they have, with regards to energy consumption, in hopes that including: EnergyStar qualifies us in some way.” Another focus area was water use at the arena. The team Green Committee projects H decided to pursue landscaping efficiency points, reducing “Green” environmental awareness games H their landscaping water use by 50 percent by using native and drought-tolerant plants and installing a drip irrigation system Community outreach efforts H that waters plants at the roots and reduces evaporation. The Public outreach initiatives featuring the Rockets H arena also installed low-flow faucets, toilets, and urinals players with automatic sensors that reduce water use by 30 percent compared to conventional building code. E-cycling events and tree planting events H The operations team also addressed air quality at the arena, exceeding American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) requirements. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 94 |

95 “We implemented an indoor air quality program that reduces roCKets green Committee goals particulates in the air by going above and beyond the recommended MERV 13 filters to MERV 14 filters used by our Be a leader in the Houston community on H air handlers,” says Poole. “This reduced particulates in the air as well as energy costs on the air handling units themselves environmental best practices. by modifying the type of filter used.” Entry mats that reduce H Drive community activation on environmentally particulates from people entering the building were also responsible behavior changes. installed. Another priority was reducing chemical use in the H Increase community awareness of Rockets’ building. The arena achieved this by training staff in environmental efforts. Integrated Pest Management techniques, which reduces the Advance Toyota Center efforts towards LEED H use of pesticides. The cleaning staff also began purchasing certification. green cleaning products, including Green Seal-certified products. The last focus area of the Toyota Center was creating an educational outreach program, which earned them CComPlishments green Committee a Innovation points with LEED. This program meshed with the simultaneous efforts of the Rockets Green Committee, which H Received the 2011 Mayor’s Proud Partner Award was working to generate environmental awareness with fans, for Green Initiatives staff, and the local community. “The Green Committee is made up of a cross section H Changed behavior within office—lights off policy, of folks from different departments from all levels of the recycling of paper and plastic items organization—from coordinators to upper management,” H Established the “Green Team of the Game Program”— explains Ken Sheirr, senior director of marketing operations. for each game, youth from schools, non-profits, and “There were about ten people on that committee to help sports teams volunteer to pick up recyclable items us establish the green policy and procedures that were eventually implemented,” in the stands and throughout the arena; 400 youth The Rockets Green Committee kicked off their program participate each season by engaging and educating their fans on environmental H Receive ongoing coverage in local media for initiatives. “We were one of the first two NBA teams to green initiatives have an environmental awareness game,” says Sheirr. “We basically used that game as an opportunity to communicate our environmental views to our fans. We did things like having our mascot wear a green costume and including environmentally-friendly items such as recyclable cups and canvas bags as part of the night’s giveaways. We brought in representatives who are involved in environmental issues throughout the community and let them use that as a platform to distribute their pamphlets or literature. We displayed environmental facts on the screen throughout the game. We’ve been doing all that for about four years. That was our first major initiative outside of the LEED process.” The next step was getting their staff involved in their program. The Rockets Green Committee instituted organization-wide initiatives to reduce environmental impacts around the facilities, starting with small changes. “We removed all paper cups from the coffee areas, encouraging everyone to use mugs,” explains Sheirr. “We installed automatic sensors that would turn off the lights in offices when people left the room. We sent out communications on the importance of electronics and powering down. We have big recycling stations with graphics set up throughout the administrative area where you can bring in your lightbulbs and batteries from home and we’ll How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 95 |

96 al “we were one of The firsT T wo nba Teams T o have an environmenT says Ken Sheirr, senior director of marketing operations. awareness game,” Te our o communica Tform T “we basically used Tha T game as a pla al views T o our fans.” environmenT recycle them for you. We’ve done that over the last few years challengeS: thoSe overcome and come up with a few new things to do each year, just to get and ongoing folks engaged.” Earning LEED’s Energy points was no small task for the These initiatives have made a big difference at the arena, Houston-based arena, whose 750,000 square-foot building according to Poole. “We have increased our recycling tonnage is a challenge to keep cool in the summer months, where from just a few tons each month to over 14 tons each month temperatures hover in the mid-90s an average of 99 days on average,” he says. “We implemented a no trash can policy per year. “To cool down the building for an event takes for individual spaces like offices and cubicles...[I]nstead we serious amounts of power,” Poole says. The building hosted provided centralized waste stations that separated recyclable 150 events in 2009, so a high-efficiency cooling system was material from general waste. This created an opportunity crucial in order to achieve the necessary energy reductions. for each person to have to get up and walk to the station When events are not scheduled at the arena, Poole’s team and at that point it made them think about what they were makes sure to shut down as many building components as discarding and not just throw everything into the general 6 possible. waste stream.” “We have reduced our overall consumption by 27 percent The Rockets also approached local organizations to from when we first opened and our annual goals are to assist in environmental educational outreach and green continue finding ways to reduce electrical consumption community events. “One of the main groups we’ve worked by 3 percent to 5 percent each year,” he says. “This with is ‘Keep Houston Beautiful,’” says Hai Duong, senior was accomplished by lighting retrofits and equipment community relations coordinator. “They’ve been a wonderful modifications, as well as creating the correct culture within and major resource in helping us find projects and locations. our operations that designated energy management as one of They’ve helped us find other partners as well such as the the highest priorities in our daily business.” Houston Housing Authority or the Houston Arboretum and While pursuing LEED gave the Toyota Center a road map many other organizations as well.” to environmental initiatives at the arena, the application This influence has not gone unnoticed; the Rockets process itself was a challenge. “The more [building features] won the 2011 Mayor’s Proud Partner Award for their green you submit, the harder it is,” Poole says. “We’re not a typical outreach initiatives and community events. Initiatives office building. The information we’re supplying is a little included a “The Green Team of the Game Program” where bit different from what they want to see. We have to make youth from schools and social organizations volunteered arguments back and forth for why we feel like we’re matching to help pick up recyclable items during Rockets home what they’re asking for.” The Rockets ended up bringing on games; 5,000 reusable water bottles given out at games; a consultant from Riehl Engineering to provide day-to-day community cleanup events and tree planting events; and support for the complicated application process. an annual "Recyclefest" event collecting electronics, books, Despite these challenges, the Toyota Center is determined clothing, and shoes for recycling and donation. In 2011, the to build on its LEED Silver certification and strive for higher event’s organizers collected 14,242 pounds of electronics certification levels. “We intend to continue improving on our for responsible recycling; three blue crates, 150 bags, and current list of programs and implementing new ones with the 10 boxes of clothes and shoes, donated to the Salvation eventual goal of reaching the next level of certification,” says Army; and 12 boxes of books, also donated to the Salvation Joseph. Army. The Rockets have collected nearly 100,000 pounds of electronics for recycling since launching the program. Page 96 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

97 leSSonS from the field The eStabliSh a green committee and Set goalS: Rockets established a Green Team with representation across the organization. Goals and objectives were determined during initial Green Team meetings, which led to developing a comprehensive environmental program. According to their USGBC project profile, “Seemingly the most important item the project team identified for the success of this project is the necessary cultural shift which must occur with both event attendees and concessions to make LEED certification a 7 reality.” engage your community in your environmental effortS: With more than 1.5 million fans visiting the arena annually, the Toyota Center has a considerable influence in the community. “Toyota Center has a unique opportunity to serve as an industry leader in the future of sustainability,” says Brown. “We are operating in a more environmentally conscious manner and educating the millions of patrons that attend Toyota Center events each year regarding ways they can help.” Events that address local environmental issues are a great way to engage the community and educate fans about the environment. “For us, one of the major initiatives from a community standpoint is tree planting, especially now in Houston coming out of a terrible drought over the last summer that led into January of 2011. There was so much damage done to the green space in Houston and the landscape. What we really want to do is figure out a way to get involved in that, whether it’s just going out organizing tree- plantings or figuring out a way to raise money,” says Joseph. endnoteS 1 kyle Stack, “Houston Goes LEED,” Slam online, June 21, 2010, (accessed July 18, 2012). 2 nelson Luis, “Toyota Center and Houston rockets Earn LEED Silver Certifcation from USGBC,”, June 2, 2010, rockets/media/ToyotaCenter_LeedCertification.pdf (accessed July 18, 2012). 3 nelson Luis, “Toyota Center and Houston rockets Earn LEED Silver Certifcation from USGBC,”, June 2, 2010, rockets/media/ToyotaCenter_LeedCertification.pdf (accessed July 18, 2012). 4 kyle Stack, “Houston Goes LEED,” Slam online, June 21, 2010, (accessed July 18, 2012). 5 U.S. Green Building Council Texas Gulf Coast Chapter, “Houston Businesses are Building Green,” USGBC, 2012, content.asp?secnum=112 (accessed July 18, 2012). 6 kyle Stack, “Houston Goes LEED,” Slam online, June 21, 2010, (accessed July 18, 2012). USGBC Texas Gulf Coast, “Toyota Center project profile,”, 2010, (accessed 7 July 19, 2012). Page 97 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: |

98 CASE STUDY tlanta hawkS PhiliPS arena, home of the a arena ST aTS location: Atlanta, Georgia began construction: June 5, 1997 opened: September 18, 1999 Seating capacity: 18,729 (basketball) and 21,000 (concerts) Atlanta-fulton County recreation Authority owner: operator: Atlanta Spirit, LLC nBA/WnBA pro and collegiate basketball games, venue uses: WWE wrestling matches, family shows, and a variety of concerts construction cost: $298 million (in 2012 dollars) Certified LEED for Existing Buildings: leed certification: operations and Maintenance in April 2009 For the Hawks, greening was kicked off by two interests: the hawkS’ greening Story: maximizing operations efficiency, and competitiveness. motivationS, challengeS and The LEED green building certification intrigued the Hawks, leSSonS from the field particularly as it appealed to their desire to be the first arena The Atlanta Hawks have a competitive green streak that to achieve LEED certification. “We spoke to other arenas but came out when they vied with the Miami HEAT to become found no others going with LEED. LEED has gone through so the first NBA team with a LEED-certified home arena. many innovations and there are a lot of things that better fit For eight months, the Hawks worked hard to achieve an office building or school than a 24-hour operating arena LEED Certification for Existing Buildings: Operations and like ours,” says Henson. “When we decided to pursue LEED Maintenance (EBOM), and the team was awarded the LEED certification it helped us blaze a few trails for the U.S. Green certification on April 7, 2009, becoming the first NBA arena in Building Council.” the world to achieve this certification for an existing facility. Today, many NBA arenas have achieved LEED certification including the Miami HEAT , the Orlando Magic, Houston where to Start? Rockets, and Portland Trail Blazers. The Hawks operations team began by weighing the pros To earn certification the arena invested in a variety of and cons of different greening initiatives and programs to green improvements almost a decade after the building first assess which most fulfilled their primary objective of high opened. These upgrades included: HVAC, chiller, and lighting operational efficiency. “We started by looking into areas retrofits; reflective roof materials that reduce cooling needs; such as carbon credits and buying renewable energy credits and water conservation measures such as low-flow bathroom (RECs), but those are areas that people get involved in fixtures that have cut water usage by 2 million gallons. that don’t really change their operations or policies,” says Henson. “LEED was the only answer for us because it gave us the ability to document our policies, make changes where why go green? we needed to, and engage ourselves in the entire greening “The building was built with sustainable thoughts in mind process.” as we’ve always been interested in the environment and The Hawks brought together a core group of interested our effect,” says Barry Henson, vice president of operations. staff members from operations, event planning, and However, Henson explains that as new technologies and marketing to work with a local green building consultant building standards were being developed, the Hawks became called Southface. This green team led the charge on greening increasingly interested in how they could further improve. and LEED process, explains Henson, which ultimately also “When we started talking about really getting involved relied on feedback and buy-in from all staff. “Every employee and moving our position forward on greening our arena in the arena had a role in changing how we do things, in ownership, executives and marketing group were asking assembling information and also in researching other us what we could do better,” says Henson, “and that got us greening initiatives out there. It was a total team effort here,” thinking about the next level of efficiency and improved Henson emphasizes. operations.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 98 |

99 also worked with Southface on the LEED process, which CComPlishments greening a stanDout was a big help to us. We went through some training at their headquarters on certifying buildings and green projects. They H Low-flow flush toilets, aerator changes and low-flow helped provide us with a lot of information on how to pursue LEED certification and we took a lot of cues from them from shower heads as well as management of the cooling an operational standpoint.” system reduced water consumption to save more than The Hawks had some challenges finding enough space 1.95 million gallons of water per year. to sort and manage their recyclables onsite, as well as initial H Philips Arena electrical consumption has seen an local hauling issues. “From a waste diversion standpoint, we 8 percent reduction year over year, saving more than are on such a small footprint here that we had to get creative 4.5 million kilowatt-hours per year. Philips Arena about how to handle those recycled materials and find a company that would accept our recyclables,” says Henson. uses approximately 20 percent less energy than all “But we overcame those issues and increased our diversion other U.S. arenas that house two professional sports rate from 5 percent to about 20 percent, if you include the teams (Philips hosts both the Hawks and WNBA’s compost diversion. That takes a lot of weight out of our Atlanta Dream). compactors and really reduces our waste bill as well. It’s good H Philips Arena sends its plastic, aluminum, glass, to be able to divert something and get it to a location where it cardboard and paper waste to SP Recycling. can be reused.” On the composting side, the Hawks had to work out how Philips Arena sends over 12 tons of food waste H to best keep their composting facilities clean and sanitary for per year to be turned into compost that is sold and employees to manage. “Our composting program is active used locally. throughout our back of house. We started doing only the kitchens and food areas but we then expanded into all of our Paper products, including paper towels, bathroom H 90+ suites,” describes Henson. “These programs require a tissue, and copier paper, are all 100 percent post- lot of meetings and a long refining process. We bought some consumer recycled content. equipment for cleaning the food receptacles. You have to clean those out daily. We’ve worked through those pains and now it’s a pretty seamless process.” The Hawks began their on-the-ground work by Since 2008 the Hawks have also been implementing green implementing more environmentally conscious cleaning strategies to increase their energy savings. “We’ve been practices. “The first big change we made was moving towards working on our power consumption for several years now,” green cleaning. That was a big change because everyone says Henson. “In 2008 we reduced our energy consumption was used to using bleach, ammonia, and other chemicals,” enough to power 1,300 average American homes for a says Henson. “We had training and staff integration in order month.” for our green cleaning staff to get everyone on board. The The Hawks’ system-wide approach to energy reduction chemical supplier that we started working with, Southeast focuses predominantly on commissioning, automated Link, has what they call a ‘Green University.’ So they’ll bring lighting, lighting upgrades and sensors, according to Henson. a gentleman out who trains our staff as often as we need to “Our energy savings are mainly attributable to building make sure that everyone understands the proper operation of commissioning, with new checks and balances of our the greener equipment and products. They do training both systems,” he explains. “We had our airflow tested to ensure onsite and at their headquarters.” the systems were performing as designed and cut back use where possible. We looked at reducing lighting needs, have done some retrofits and also put some things on an challengeS: thoSe overcome automatic shut down. We put light sensors in offices. We were and ongoing able to reduce the wattage of the fluorescent lamps from 34 The Hawks looked to their peers for greening inspiration. watts to 25, with the same light effect throughout the facility.” When they were unable to find any LEED-certified arenas Henson’s team compared Philips Arena with similar venues to use as a model, Henson’s team worked on identifying nationwide to best evaluate their overall energy savings. individual greening projects that the Hawks could take on. “When we were moving through the LEED certification “We just wanted to find out the greening initiatives at the process, we were able to benchmark ourselves against other other arenas. For example, composting was an initiative we arenas,” Henson explains. “We approached arenas that pulled in from another arena,” explains Henson. have a similar climate and events schedule. We tracked 21 The Hawks also turned to both publically available percent better than any other building that we talked to in resources and a local consultant for advice on which green the country in terms of energy use. Additionally, our concert products to use and how to upgrade their systems. “We have attendance is ranked third in the nation, which makes our worked with the EPA on some of our initiatives and have energy savings metrics even more impressive.” used their online resources for guidance,” says Henson. “We How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 99 |

100 leSSonS from the field “when we were moving Partner with SPonSorS on green initiativeS: The Tion Through The leed cerTifica Hawks have harnessed the green initiatives of numerous local companies in order to enhance and grow existing corporate process, we were able T o partnerships and fashion a large percentage of their own benchmark ourselves againsT employee volunteer projects on community donation drives oTher arenas,” Barry Henson and reforestation projects. “ explains. we approached arenas Partner with local organizationS to grow Tha T have a similar clima Te and “We’ve formed a tight your community connectionS: we Tracked 21 s schedule. evenT relationship with Habitat for Humanity and with the Atlanta Mission. A lot of the things that we no longer use here are Ther percenT beTTer Than any o reusable so we try to donate to those two entities as much building Tha o in T we T alked T as possible because it helps take care of Atlanta locally,” The counTry in Terms of energy says Henson. “It has been a benefit for us to get involved in nonprofit groups that are taking care of our local people, use. addiTionally, our concerT often also our fans.” The Hawks also participate in Rock and aTTendance is ranked Third in Wrap it Up!, a widely used food donation program. “The The na Tion, which makes our group comes and picks up the prepared leftover food; we only have to collect it and get it to a central location,” explains energy savings meTrics even Henson. “We try to help as much as we can locally. Many of more impressive.” these issues, environmental and social, should carry over into peoples’ home lives. We try to help educate fans, friends and On the other hand, the Hawks recognize that there is other family members.” always room for improvement and meet regularly to plan their next projects. “We still have meetings to look at new Provide direct incentiveS to engage Staff products and procedures,” says Henson. “The thing about in green actionS: “We are connected to a MARTA LEED is that once you get certified everybody calls you with [Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority] rail station so new products which we evaluate based on payback and we regularly encourage our workers to ride the train. We give efficiency. We separate out the projects we want to entertain them train and bus passes as a perk to encourage them not to for future capital expenditure as well as the cost-neutral drive,” explains Henson. “Access to mass transit is a big help things that we can change now.” as we were able to cut down on our amount of parking as part In order to evaluate new products, the Hawks conduct of our LEED certification.” internal research and also solicit advice from partners. “We’ll look through new products to determine if they’re legit. We rePeat trainingS to educate both Permanent talk to the typical user of a product to get their evaluation of “Our type of training programs and tranSient Staff: it,” says Henson. “I also call Southface often and ask them if are really about re-introducing the same idea over and over they’ve heard of the product or seen it in action anywhere, until our staff takes hold of it. Once they do then they start because they are a great resource for us. We get to the right introducing it to other people,” says Henson. “We have people to make our decisions and count heavily on the so many third-party people working in our building at all partners who are closest to us in the process.” times, which can make it difficult to educate everyone. But Up next for the Hawks: a rainwater cistern and 100 percent because the part-time employees are in constant contact chemical-free cleaning. “We are working on a couple of with members of our staff, our messages get to those people water-saving initiatives wherein we collect rainwater, as as well.” well as condensation, from our building and use that in our cooling towers instead of using city water. That’s one piece that we are actively working on, but it’s still in its infancy right now,” described Henson. “There are some alternate cleaning initiatives that are looking very enticing as well, which would keep us from using any chemicals whatsoever. We’ve found a company that makes a product that is both a sanitizer and cleaning agent. You can use it in any spray bottle or cleaning infrastructure that you already have and it eliminates the need for cleaning chemicals of any kind.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 100 |

101 SnaPShotS The sports greening movement is so widespread that it’s impossible to feature all of the impressive accomplishments, even just at the professional level, that are leading the industry in environmental stewardship. Below are a few snapshots of noteworthy professional greening successes that help demonstrate the reach of this trend. aShington nationalS nationalS Park, home of the w first north american Professional Sports v enue to be a warded leed certification (Silver), and first to install a green roof Nationals Park in Washington, D.C., was awarded LEED certification (Silver) by the U.S. Green Building Council on April 14, 1 2008. The stadium was the first major sports facility in North America to pursue and achieve LEED certification for New Construction, and it was able to do so while meeting its target schedule and budget. “In the end, we were able to create a ballpark that not only preserves our precious environment, but also preserves the history and traditions of baseball in the nation’s capital,” said Stan Kasten, then president of the Washington Nationals, when announcing the accomplishment. “The whole design team went above and beyond the call by achieving LEED Silver Certification—it’s like we asked them for 2 a home run and we got a grand slam.” Noteworthy green building features include a 6,300-square-foot green roof, stadium construction using 95 percent recycled steel from a regional plant, and energy-conserving light fixtures that have reduced energy consumption by 21 percent. The Nationals also have a single-stream recycling program that diverts about 80 percent of the stadium’s waste from landfills. Nationals Park has water-conserving plumbing fixtures that save approximately 3.6 million gallons of water each year. The park also has an intricate water filtration system that separates water used for cleaning the ballpark from rainwater, treating each source individually to reduce the amount of total processing. In addition, the park’s location makes it easily 3 accessible by public transportation, and the parking lot has more than 250 bicycle racks. The Nationals are now working on replacing all fluorescent lighting for stadium walkways with LED lighting. They are also investigating onsite wind turbines and solar canopies and the possibility of a new green roof. ©MLB How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 101 |

102 Pocono raceway, home of naScar orld largest Solar array at any Sports facility in the w In August 2010, NASCAR’s Pocono Raceway in Long Pond, Pennsylvania, became the largest solar-powered sports facility in the world. Pocono installed a 25-acre, 3-megawatt array in a former parking lot adjacent to the track. It consists of 40,000 American-made photovoltaic modules and is large enough to be seen from outer space. The solar array, which offsets more than 3,100 metric tons of CO annually, provides enough power to operate the entire raceway and 1,000 homes nearby (the 2 4 raceway sells the energy it doesn’t use to local utilities). Members of the NASCAR community realize that this is an important milestone for the sport. “Pocono Raceway strongly believes in the commitment to operate in a more environmentally responsible way and is proud to be the first racetrack to power our sport with clean, renewable sunlight with the world’s largest renewable energy project to power a sports facility,” said Brandon Igdalsky, president and CEO of Pocono Raceway. “This solar power system, built with timber, steel and solar panels made in the U.S., satisfies all of the raceway’s energy needs while helping to power local homes. This project demonstrates real sustainability and proves that any business that truly 5 wants to go green can do it.” 6 Other tracks around the country have followed suit, such as the Infineon Raceway in Northern California. In the summer of 2011, Infineon installed 1,652 solar panels, which supply 41 percent of the raceway’s energy. The raceway also installed a low- energy video board using 57,600 LEDs, which consumes 50 percent of the energy that the old board required. coliSeum, home of the oakland a thleticS and raiderS first major league Sports v enue to implement a facility-wide composting Program Coliseum (the former McAfee Coliseum) became the first major league sports venue to implement a composting program and use compostable cups in May 2005. The Coliseum’s extensive waste diversion program, with many recycling and compost receptacles placed throughout the stadium, has decreased its trash-hauling costs by more than 20 percent. “The economics have caught up with the vision: the coliseum is saving a significant amount of money by composting and 7 recycling,” said George Valerga, the venue’s director of maintenance. “It took about eight months to a year to get down to 8 where it now costs the same in labor. And we’re saving $10,000 to $20,000 a month on our garbage bill.” While bottles, cans and paper discards go into recycling bins, almost all other products are composted. Cups, food waste, grass clippings, landscape trimmings, and other organic waste are collected and sent to a composting site managed by Norcal 9 Waste Systems. The Coliseum diverts about 400 tons of recyclables and composts 200 tons of organic wastes annually. Each year its environmentally preferable purchasing program prevents the use of three tons of fossil fuel-derived plastic 10 cups. The stadium’s concessionaire, ARAMARK, donates all unused prepared food to local food banks as well. The Oakland Athletics reach out to fans to be part of their game-day recycling and composting programs, among their other green initiatives, by providing well-marked receptacles throughout the stadium every game. In 2009 the team also started a weekly electronic waste drive called “Oakland A’s E-Waste Saturday,” presented by the recycling company AER Worldwide, where fans can drop off electronic items during the two and a half hours leading up to the first pitch of the Saturday ballgame. 11 Fans who recycle an electronic item receive a two-for-one Oakland A’s ticket voucher for an upcoming game. are center, home of the Seattle thunderbirdS Show first leed gold-certified facility for new construction in north america On January 2, 2009, ShoWare Center in Kent, Washington, home to the Seattle Thunderbirds of the junior Western Hockey 12 League, became the first arena in North America to be certified LEED Gold for New Construction. Designers implemented several unusual green features, such as the use of excess heat from the ice-making equipment to heat the ground under the 13 ice rink. “I’m extremely proud of this achievement,” said Kent Mayor, Suzette Cooke, at the award announcement. “Receiving LEED Gold certification reaffirms our efforts to balance economic development with being good stewards of the environment. 14 It’s also pretty cool to be the first LEED Gold-Certified new arena on the continent!” LEED-qualifying features include a stormwater collection system that sends runoff to adjacent wetlands storage for bikes, , use of low-VOC paints and adhesives, use of green cleaning products, and low-flow fixtures that reduce water consumption 15 by 40 percent to save 380,000 gallons annually. The ShoWare Center’s energy-efficient lighting and upgraded HVAC systems reduce energy use and CO emissions by more than 37 percent. Its urban location maximizes opportunities for fans to use 2 public transportation, lowering total greenhouse gas emissions and other harmful air pollutants. During construction, most building materials were locally manufactured, 50 percent of wood used was certified by the Forest Stewardship Council, and more than 90 percent of construction waste was recycled. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 102 |

103 home dePot center, home of the l.a. galaxy warded iSo 14001 certification in north america first outdoor Stadium to be a The Home Depot Center, home of the L.A. Galaxy pro soccer team, became the first outdoor stadium in North America to 16 be awarded ISO 14001 certification for its environmental management system in November 2011. “The ISO certification adds structure and transparency to our environmental stewardship commitments by putting all our ideas, programs and best practices on paper,” said Katie Pandolfo, general manager of the Home Depot Center. “By having all of our goals and initiatives tracked in one place, the ISO keeps everyone on the same page and holds each of our divisions and employees 17 accountable.” The Home Depot Center’s energy-saving features include motion sensors connected to the HVAC and lighting 18 systems so these systems are active in a given space only when that space is occupied. To further enhance energy efficiency, the stadium also participates in Southern California Edison’s Demand Response programs, which enable it to manage energy use to avoid statewide demand peaks. “One of the things we take pride in across our venues like the Home Depot Center is that sustainability isn’t just a buzzword, but part of our smart business operations,” said Jennifer Regan, global sustainability director at AEG, which owns the facility. “By cutting back our energy and water use, our participating venues not only reduce 19 their environmental footprint, but also cut their operational costs, which has a direct impact on our bottom line.” The L.A. Galaxy demonstrates its commitment to spreading environmental awareness in the greater Los Angeles community by participating in the Greener Goals Week campaign. As the MLS Cup Champion in 2011, the Galaxy participated in the Bonneville Environmental Foundation’s Solar 4R Schools program, which installs solar panels on a school in the winning team’s region. This year’s 2.1-kilowatt solar array was awarded to KIPP Los Angeles College Preparatory School, located in East L.A. The panels are anticipated to produce 3,034 kilowatt-hours of clean energy per year. Solar 4R Schools also provides students and teachers with hands-on tools to help them learn about the importance of solar, wind and other renewable energy technologies. The kickoff event also included a garden planting project with Galaxy players helping to plant 20 fruit, vegetables, and herbs in the school garden. fenway Park, home of the boSton red Sox oldest major league baseball Stadium undergoes facility-wide Sustainability upgrade Built in 1911, Fenway Park is the oldest Major League Baseball stadium currently in use. Despite the venue’s age, the Boston Red Sox have undertaken a variety of green initiatives to improve the operations and efficiency of their historic venue. “As stewards of such a storied venue, we recognize our unique position and ability to raise public consciousness about important issues. Our decision to enhance the ballpark’s environmental attributes is one born out of a sense of personal responsibility and professional duty,” said Tom Werner, the team’s chairman, in 2008 during the launch of the Fenway Greening program, which was initiated in partnership with NRDC. “For us, this announcement marks some of the first steps in an ongoing 21 process to make America’s most beloved and oldest ballpark also one of America’s greenest.” In 2010, Fenway completed an energy audit to investigate ways to reduce energy use and save money. The park now uses LED lighting, which is 90 percent more efficient than the previous lighting. The ballpark also installed 28 solar panels across the roof of the Red Sox dugout. The array supplies 37 percent of the energy needed to heat Fenway’s water, thereby avoiding 22 the release of 18 tons of CO each year, the equivalent of planting 4.86 acres of trees. The stadium has also implemented 2 many plumbing renovations, including the installation of waterless urinals, dual flushers, and water-efficient fixtures. 23 Together, these have reduced overall water consumption by 30 percent, saving more than 360,000 gallons each year. All building renovations use locally sourced materials, and new construction has reused more than 800 tons of old bricks and 24 recycled other construction waste. Fenway also plans to install sensor-controlled fluorescent lighting. Fenway also has a Going Green recycling program, which ©MLB involves a game-day green team of volunteers collecting recyclables and 100 solar-powered BigBelly compactors located around the park, each one able to hold 55 gallons of recyclables. Fenway uses 100 percent recycled content Red Sox Magazine paper for most paper products, including , in offices as well as the ballpark. Their concessionaire, ARAMARK, is committed to offering more local, organic food options and using cups, containers and napkins made 25 from recycled content. “With the help of our dedicated staff and valued sponsors, we are continuing our commitment to make Fenway Park friendlier to the environment,” said Werner. “We hope that by incorporating both big and small changes in our daily operation, the cumulative effect will mean future generations can enjoy the great game of baseball 26 in a cleaner and more environmentally friendly world.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment Page 103 game changer: |

104 target center, home of the minneSota timberwolveS first Professional Sports arena in north america to install a green roof In September 2009, the Minnesota Timberwolves installed the first green roof on any North American arena, spanning 2.5 27 acres (115,000 square feet) across the Target Center in Minneapolis. Currently, this is the nation’s fifth-largest green roof on any facility. The roof captures nearly 1 million gallons of stormwater a year, which saves $10,000 annually in stormwater charges and prevents runoff into the Mississippi River. In addition, the green roof helps alleviate the urban heat island effect. The roof is planted with a variety of native Minnesotan prairie plants, including lupines, to support the endangered Karner 28 blue butterfly. “The city wanted to make a sustainable choice with this roof,” said Tom Reller, senior director of operations for 29 the Target Center. The Timberwolves have pursued other sustainability initiatives as well, including switching to using a plane for team travel 30 that is 30 percent more energy-efficient than the type previously used; the plane also has an onboard recycling program. The Timberwolves also partner with Juhl Wind, Inc., a wind power developer, to take part in Think Green month, which 31 encourages fans to implement a more eco-friendly lifestyle. At each home game during the month, the Timberwolves honor organizations or individuals helping to preserve the environment and air an in-game public service announcement that promotes the importance of greening. “We are very excited to be part of this interactive and informative program,” said Corey Juhl, vice president of project development at Juhl Wind. “We enjoy working with the Timberwolves organization to spread the 32 word and provide education to the community on how each of us can contribute to the preservation of our environment.” conSol energy center, home of the PittSburgh PenguinS first national hockey league arena a warded leed gold certification in north america The Pittsburgh Penguins’ Consol Energy Center, built in 2010, was the first NHL arena to be awarded LEED Gold certification 33 on August 4, 2010. The project received high marks for water use reduction, recycled materials, regional materials, demolition and construction waste diversion, use of certified wood, and energy efficiency. LEED-qualifying features include increased green space around the outside of the building, locally procured construction materials, improved indoor air quality, efficient lighting and HVAC, maximized use of natural light, use of low-VOC paints and adhesives, purchase of renewable energy for a portion of energy use, and water-efficient plumbing fixtures. “The sustainable building practices that helped the center to achieve LEED Gold certification truly make this facility a world-class arena for Pittsburgh’s world-class hockey fans and set a great example for future facilities of this type,” said Edward G. Rendell, governor of Pennsylvania at 34 the time. The Penguins are also committed to supporting the local community. The stadium’s concessionaire, ARAMARK, has a menu that emphasizes locally grown ingredients. The Penguins participate in the Rock and Wrap It Up! program, donating unused concession food on game nights to local food banks. With 20,057 pounds of food donated in 2011, the Penguins ranked first among the 24 U.S.-based NHL teams participating in the program that year. “We thank our partners at ARAMARK for their commitment to this very important community program,” said David Morehouse, CEO and president of the Penguins. “Food that otherwise would have gone to waste is now being turned into thousands of meals for the Greater Pittsburgh Community 35 Food Bank to provide to those in need. We’re proud to be a part of it.” citizenS bank Park, home of the PhiladelPhia PhillieS greatest Purchaser of green Power in u.S. Professional Sports In 2008, the Phillies became the first Major League Baseball team to join the EPA’s Green Power Partnership program, which encourages organizations to buy certified renewable energy. In June 2012 the Phillies purchased more than 22 million kilowatt-hours of Green-e certified renewable energy in renewable energy certificates (RECs) to offset 100 percent of Citizens Bank Park’s electricity use with local clean energy. According to the EPA, this is the largest single purchase of renewable energy 36 to date in professional sports. The annual environmental benefit of this purchase is equivalent to planting 285,000 trees and growing them for a decade. By electing to purchase locally sourced wind- and solar-generated power, the Phillies are also 37 investing in regional clean energy jobs. “We’re proud to join Major League Baseball in bringing awareness to fans about how 38 to become more environmentally conscious,” said Phillies president, David Montgomery. As part of their Red Goes Green campaign, the Phillies and Citizens Bank Park also have a strong recycling program. Throughout the ballpark are 40 oversize, 80-gallon recycling containers that accept cardboard, paper, e-waste, plastic, aluminum, and glass. A Red Goes Green Team, consisting of Phillies ball girls and volunteers, collect recyclables during games to boost the diversion rate. The venue has a recycling center for all departments, enhancing back-of-house recycling efforts. In a 2010 carpet replacement project, the Phillies recycled 1,755 pounds of carpet, which is equivalent to the waste generated by one American in a year. The Phillies also participate in the Rock and Wrap It Up! food donation program, giving unsold prepared food to local charities. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 104 |

105 citi field, home of the new york metS leader in use of recycled materials for reconstruction The New York Mets focused on sustainability when constructing their stadium, Citi Field, which opened in 2009. Among other initiatives, the Mets used 95 percent recycled steel—approximately 11,875 tons. “In developing and constructing Citi Field, we set out to create a world-class environment that would be fan-friendly and environmentally friendly,” said Jeff Wilpon, 39 chief operating officer for the Mets. The most notable installation was a 15,000-square-foot green roof, which reduces energy demand by acting as extra insulation, retaining cool air in the summer and heat in the winter. It is one of only three green roofs installed on professional sports facilities in the country. The green roof also reduces water consumption and diverts approximately 80 percent of stormwater runoff. The ballpark is also equipped with a temperature-control system that reduces energy consumption by up to 50 percent 40 using energy-efficient air handlers, pumps and chillers that adapt their operation to current conditions. Inside the stadium, 41 waterless urinals and automatic low-flow toilets and faucets save about 4 million gallons of water a year. The Mets are also members of the EPA’s EnergyStar and WasteWise programs. “The Mets understand that their responsibility to New Yorkers doesn’t end with the third out in the bottom of the ninth,” said New York’s mayor, Michael Bloomberg. “They’ve taken the 42 initiative to be bold, innovative and environmentally responsible.” endnoteS 1 “nationals park Achieves LEED Silver Certification.” prWeb (14 April 2008). Accessed 31 July 2012. prweb850924.htm. 2 fischer, Ted. “DC Mayor fenty Celebrates new Washington nationals Ballpark.” U.S. Mayor Newspaper . The United States Conference of Mayors (7 April 2008). Accessed 31 July 2012. 3 “The Way to Go to nationals park.” Washington nationals, Major League Baseball (MLB). Accessed 31 July 2012. was/ballpark/directions/index.jsp. 4 “Solar farm reaches 4 Million kilowatt Hours produced.” pocono raceway (6 September 2011). Accessed 31 July 2012. 5 “pocono raceway Solar farm Hits Milestone.” paddockTalk (27 December 2011). Accessed 31 July 2012. story-180667.html. 6 . AoL Tech. (28 June 2011). Accessed 31 July Engadget Heater, Brian. “California raceway Gets 1,600 Solar panels, flaunts Green Track Status.” 2012. “recycling and Waste prevention Case Study: oakland Coliseum Complex.” StopWaste partnership (2007). Accessed August 23 2012. 7 org%2fdocs%2fcoliseum_3-20-07.pdf&ei=oLA2UiD2pMn16AGBtYGgBw&usg=AfQjCnE5okdDcxz16njxkW2AhwLb8kozAw&sig2=xkXiCi_0fkZp13 kpdzpSDw&cad=rja. 8 LeCompte, Celeste. “Trash Comes in Last at the old Ball Game.” Sustainable industries (2 September 2005). Accessed 31 July 2012. 9 “recycling and Waste prevention Case Study: oakland Coliseum Complex.” StopWaste partnership (2007). Accessed August 23 2012. org%2fdocs%2fcoliseum_3-20-07.pdf&ei=oLA2UiD2pMn16AGBtYGgBw&usg=AfQjCnE5okdDcxz16njxkW2AhwLb8kozAw&sig2=xkXiCi_0fkZp13 kpdzpSDw&cad=rja. 10 ibid. 11 “oakland A’s E-Waste Saturdays.” (2009). Accessed 31 July 2012. 12 Muret, Don. “Arena May Be first to Land ‘Green’ Certification.” (26 January 2009), p. 7. Accessed 31 July 2012. www. Sports Business Journal “Green Sports Alliance.” ShoWare Center. Accessed 31 July 2012. 13 . USGBC, 21 July 2009. Web. 31 July 2012. 14 “ShoWare Center Gets Gold!” ShoWare Center ShoWareCenterGetsLEEDGoldJuly21.pdf. 15 ozler, Levent. “ShoWare Center nation’s first Event Center to Achieve LEED Gold-nC rating.” Dexigner (17 August 2009). Accessed 31 July 2012. 16 Henly, Alice. “Major League Soccer to Build Solar panels on Local School.” nrDC Switchboard (20 november 2011). Accessed 31 July 2012. “The Home Depot Center Becomes the first outdoor Stadium to Achieve iSo 14001 Certification.” Home Depot Center (17 november 2011). 17 Accessed 31 July 2012. “The Home Depot Center ‘Going Green’” The Home Depot Center, (2012) Accessed 31 July 2012. 18 19 “The Home Depot Center Becomes the first outdoor Stadium to Achieve iSo 14001 Certification.” Home Depot Center (17 november 2011). Accessed 31 July 2012. Henly, Alice. “Major League Soccer to Build Solar panels on Local School.” nrDC Switchboard (20 november 2011). Accessed 31 July 2012. 20 How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 105 |

106 “fenway Greening.” Boston red Sox, MLB (2008). Accessed 31 July 2012. 21 22 ibid. 23 “red Sox Continue Environmentally Sustainable practices at fenway park.” Boston red Sox, MLB (22 April 2009). Accessed 31 July 2012. boston. 24 ibid. “fenway Greening.” Boston red Sox/MLB (2008). Accessed 31 July 2012. 25 26 “red Sox Continue Environmentally Sustainable practices at fenway park.” Boston red Sox, MLB (22 April 2009). Accessed 31 July 2012. boston. 27 “Minnesota’s Target Center Completes Green roof.” Environmental Leader (29 September 2009). Accessed 31 July 2012. www. 28 “Target Center’s Green roof is Complete!” Target Center (15 September 2009). Accessed 31 July 2012. centers_green_roof_is_complete. Meynard, Meleah. “Target Center’s Green roof: A prairie in the Sky.” Minnpost (13 August 2011). Accessed 31 July 2012. 29 politics-policy/2011/08/target-centers-green-roof-prairie-sky. “Green Things nBA Teams Are Doing.” planetoverhaul (7 May 2009). Accessed 31 July 2012. 30 are-doing/. 31 “Timberwolves to Celebrate Think Green Month.” Minnesota Timberwolves, nBA (2012). Accessed 31 July 2012. news/news_think_green_month_2012_04_04.html. 32 “Juhl Wind, inc. partners with nBA’s Minnesota Timberwolves to Celebrate ‘Think Green Month’ ” pr newswire (10 April 2012). Accessed 31 July 2012. 33 “Consol Energy Center is first nHL Arena to Achieve LEED Gold Certification.” pittsburgh penguins, (4 August 2010). Accessed 31 July 2012. 34 ibid. 35 “penguins Lead the Way in food Donations as part of nHL’s ‘rock and Wrap it Up!’ program.” pittsburgh penguins, (20 March 2011). Accessed 31 July 2012. 36 “phillies power Up Citizens Bank park with pennsylvania Electricity.” philadelphia phillies, MLB (14 June 2012). Accessed 31 July 2012. 37 ibid. enues.” philadelphia phillies, MLB (30 April 2008). Accessed 31 July “phillies to Lead the Way in Clean Energy Movement at professional Sports v 38 2012. 39 “Mets’ new Stadium Going Green.” Storm Water Solutions (2008). Accessed 31 July 2012. green. 40 kussoy, Howard. “new Mets park a friend to Environment.” new York Mets, MLB (13 March 2008). Accessed 31 July 2012. com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20080313&content_id=2424288&vkey=spt2008news&fext=.jsp&c_id=nym. 41 “Mets’ new Ballpark Covers the Green Bases.” Environment news Service (13 March 2008). Accessed 31 July 2012. ens/mar2008/2008-03-13-099.asp. 42 ibid. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 106 |

107 lateSt green building leaderS in ProfeSSional SPortS When designing or renovating their facilities, increasing numbers of sports venues are turning to the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification as a guide to help them improve their environmental performance and, concurrently, boost their bottom line. As of this printing, 15 major professional sports venues in the United States and Canada have received LEED certification for Existing Buildings or new Construction standards. Several others are currently pursuing certification. The LEED building rating system is an internationally recognized standard for sustainable building design. The standards, which cater to a variety of building projects and types, incorporate a range of environmental and public health considerations, including energy efficiency, building site selection, indoor air quality, and water use. Materials and resources used to construct buildings and keep them running smoothly and comfortably all have environmental impacts. Green buildings and operations are designed to minimize these impacts by using environmentally preferable construction ©Miami HEAT materials and techniques, including reducing water and energy use, minimizing waste, and making better use of natural features like shade, daylight, and rainwater. By streamlining and improving design and construction, green buildings reduce their contribution to biodiversity loss, global warming, and many other environmental pressures. game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment Page 107 game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment Page 107 | |

108 or another standard. Industry-wide, sport professionals As demonstrated in many of the case studies and snapshot are increasingly drawn to green building practices because features in this report, many facilities across the sports these practices make good financial sense, in addition industry already incorporate green building strategies that to promoting brand enhancement, employee health and deliver strong financial paybacks and provide new ways to community welfare. The following venues are some of the boost their venue’s visibility. Each year, more and more sports most recent to either be awarded LEED certification or to industry building owners and developers are following suit by announce that they are pursuing LEED certification. deciding to build green, whether they choose to pursue one of the LEED certifications, ISO 14001 for green operations jeld-wen field, home of the Portland timberS leed Silver-certified for existing buildings, September 1, 2011 and oldest Stadium to become leed-certified Jeld-Wen Field, home of the Portland Timbers Major League Soccer club, was awarded LEED Silver Certification for Existing 1 Buildings on September 1, 2011. The 86-year-old facility underwent extensive renovation to improve the efficiency and sustainability of its original 1926 design. “The challenge we face is taking an 85-year-old facility and transforming it into a leading example of efficient use of resources,” says Ken Puckett, senior vice president of operations at Jeld-Wen Field. “We are proud to have achieved LEED Silver certification, and we will continue to identify ways to increase efficiency in all areas of our 2 operations and make an even greater impact.” The facility committed $40 million to undertake the major restoration, and worked for more than a year with Green Building Services of Portland and the nonprofit Energy Trust of Oregon to achieve LEED certification. As part of their upgrade, the operations team implemented more energy-efficient mechanical systems and sports lighting 3 to improve electrical efficiency by more than 40 percent. The team also installed low-flush fixtures to reduce water use and 4 implemented a recycling program that now diverts 20 percent of all waste. The field has initiated composting in all kitchens and will soon be distributing compost receptacles for fan use around the facility. “We are working to improve that [waste diversion] percentage by increasing recycling, composting, and other waste reducing habits in and around the stadium,” says 5 Puckett. The Timbers are also part of several local programs that encourage sustainability among fans and in the surrounding community. For example, they now partner with TriMet , a public transportation system, to make subway passes more widely available to ticket holders. The field has about 100 permanent bike racks and more than 250 temporary game-day racks, and 6 approximately 350 people cycle to each Timbers game. miller Park, home of the milwaukee brewerS leed-certified for existing buildings, march 26, 2012 and first leed-certified Stadium with a retractable roof 7 Home of the Milwaukee Brewers since 2001, Miller Park achieved LEED Certification for Existing Buildings on March 26, 2012. This is the first ballpark with a retractable roof to achieve LEED certification. Miller Park’s retractable roof made meeting the LEED energy and ventilation thresholds more difficult. “We are thrilled with the news of the LEED certification and want to thank all of our partners who were involved in the process,” says Milwaukee Brewers executive vice president of finance and administration, Bob Quinn. “It is a challenge to achieve the designation in an existing building of this size and type, but we have all been focused on the end goal. Earning this designation means that we have significantly improved our sustainability 8 and energy efficiency, and the benefits extend to the organization, our fans, partners and the environment.” To improve energy efficiency, the Brewers implemented a retro-commissioning project, which analyzed HVAC, plumbing, electrical lighting and power. As a result, they reduced scoreboard energy output by 49 percent and eliminated 1,153 tons of CO emissions annually. A retrofit to water fixtures saves the stadium three million gallons of water annually. In terms of waste, 2 Miller Park has an extensive recycling program—more than 140 recycling containers dot the facility, fostering a 35 percent diversion rate. On average, the park recycles ten tons of discards from each game and donates over 7,000 pounds of unused 9 prepared food to local food banks each season as part of the Rock and Wrap it Up! program. “While we are honored to have achieved this designation, our commitment will continue in 2012 and beyond,” says Brewers chief operating officer, Rick Schlesinger. “We are committed to improving our efficiencies and programs and will look to keep Miller Park as an industry 10 leader in these efforts.” How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 108 |

109 marlinS Park, home of the florida marlinS leed gold-certified for new construction, may 24, 2012 and first mlb leed gold new ballpark On May 24, 2012, after four years of construction, Marlins Park became the first ballpark in Major League Baseball to be 11 awarded LEED Gold Certification for New Construction. “It was our desire from the outset to not only build America’s 12 greatest new ballpark,” says Jeffrey Loria, owner of the Marlins, “but also its most environmentally friendly.” The Marlins chose to locate their new facility on the former Orange Bowl site, a location with numerous public transportation options, 14 13 including seven bus lines and nearby train and trolley stations. 319 bike racks were also installed. The ballpark’s construction team was able to recycle or otherwise divert more than 75 percent of waste from landfills during construction, and 58 percent of materials used to erect the Park came from within a 500-mile radius. Efficient plumbing innovations are designed to reduce water use at the park by 52 percent, saving six million gallons of water each year compared to the national average for similar stadiums. Changes in landscape design and maintenance will use 60 percent less potable water for irrigation. The facility implemented a comprehensive recycling program, which includes 15 plastics, metals, paper, cardboard and glass. Marlins Park earned LEED innovation points in some areas of the stadium by creating a new floor from recycled Nike shoes. The Marlins’ stadium’s retractable roof design presented the greatest challenge in reducing energy use and achieving 16 LEED certification. However, the design team installed solar panels to optimize lighting, mechanical controls, and electrical aspects of the roofing, and was able to achieve a 22.4 percent reduction in energy use, when only 14 percent was required for 17 certification. Soldier field, home of the chicago bearS leed-certified for existing buildings, may 31, 2012 and first nfl Stadium to become leed-certified 18 On May 31, 2012, Soldier Field became the first NFL stadium to achieve LEED certification. “Our goal in renovating Soldier Field, which reopened in 2003, was threefold,” says Ted Phillips, president and chief executive officer of the Bears. “It was to create the best fan game-day experience in the NFL. It was to enhance the tribute to our war veterans. And it was to enhance 19 and continue the greening of Chicago’s magnificent lakefront.” To achieve this, the Bears implemented several sustainability initiatives (as well as achieving LEED certification), including an extensive recycling program, the use of green cleaning 20 products, and upgrades of building infrastructure to save energy and water. For example, SMG, the stadium’s management 21 company, replaced traditional lighting on stadium columns with LEDs to lower annual energy use and costs. To promote energy-efficient vehicles, the stadium has three electric vehicle charging stations that fans can use at no cost. The Bears also pursue environmental initiatives in collaboration with other organizations in the wider community. “Knowing the impact that the voice of an NFL team can have on the community, the Bears continue to show our support by encouraging our fans and the public at large to engage in environmentally friendly practices, and to adopt proactive 22 ways to reduce, reuse and recycle their environmental footprint,” says Phillips. During the 2011-2012 season, the Bears teamed up with Constellation Energy (CE) to host Soldier Field’s first “green game.” CE provided RECs to offset expected energy use, helping the stadium to avoid 42 metric tons of carbon emissions. To engage fans, several Bears players also taped public service announcements about environmental awareness and participated in tree-planting events within the Chicago 23 community. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 109 |

110 bbva comP aSS Stadium, home of the houSton dynamo leed-registered for new construction, may 12, 2012 On May 12, 2012, before opening, the BBVA Compass Stadium—home of the Houston Dynamo soccer club—demonstrated its commitment to sustainability by registering its intention to achieve LEED Certification for New Construction. The stadium expects to become one of only two LEED-certified sports facilities in Texas (the other being the Houston Rockets’ Toyota 24 Center). Noteworthy LEED qualifying features during stadium construction include high diversion of demolition debris to recycling or reuse, use of materials recovered or manufactured within 500 miles of the project site, use of low-VOC products to improve the indoor air quality and the use of post-consumer and pre-consumer recycled products to reduce extraction of 25 virgin materials. The new stadium also introduced water-efficient plumbing fixtures to save water and reduce the burden on 26 the municipal water supply. BBVA Compass Stadium has partnered with GreenStar Recycling to develop their “Building a Better Planet” campaign to 27 encourage recycling during games and throughout the community. In this program, “GreenDrop” recycling stations replace typical garbage cans. “Partnering with GreenStar allows BBVA Compass Stadium to incorporate a convenient waste diversion system that patrons can easily utilize without increasing operational costs,” says Doug Hall, general manager of BBVA 28 Compass Stadium. The stations provide fans with clearly marked and convenient recycling receptacles and the program 29 has been very successful since the facility’s opening in May. “I would like to thank BBVA Compass for sharing our vision for the future and our commitment to the community,” says Chris Canetti, president of business operations for the Dynamo. 30 “Together we will use the stadium as a driving force toward making a positive impact on the city.” barclayS center, home of the brooklyn netS o Public t ransit Pursuing leed Silver certification, fall 2012 and arena with the best connection t The new home of the Brooklyn Nets, the Barclays Center, is pursuing LEED Silver Certification for New Construction. Set to open in September 2012, the stadium has undertaken a variety of construction initiatives to build a more sustainable facility in the heart of Brooklyn. For example, the Barclays Center will have the most extensive public transportation options of any sports venue in the country. An existing subway station, one of the most well-connected in all of New York City, is being expanded directly beneath the Barclays Center so that fans won’t even have to cross the street to enter the arena from the 31 subway. The station services nine New York City subway lines as well as the Long Island Rail Road. The Barclays Center is an 32 18,200-seat arena that will host over 220 events annually. “When Barclays Center opens its doors, it will be one of the most extraordinary venues for architecture, technology, customer service, and programming,” says Brett Yormark, Barclays Center and Brooklyn Nets chief executive officer. “The reception we’ve received from Brooklyn has exceeded my expectations. I 33 couldn’t be happier for the borough.” As an AEG-run facility, the Barclays Center will also be part of AEG’s 1EARTH commitment to environmental stewardship. In 2009, AEG, the largest owner of sports teams and events in the world, committed to measuring the environmental performance of all of its owned and managed venues (totaling more than 100 worldwide). AEG’s Ecometrics tracking system collects resource use and waste generation data from all AEG-owned facilities, including measurements for electricity, water, natural gas, carbon, sustainable paper products, green cleaning and other environmental products. endnoteS 1 “JELD-WEn field Awarded prestigious LEED Green Building Certification.” Portland Timbers . MLS network, (August 31, 2011). Accessed July 31, 2012.®-green-building-certification. 2 ibid. 3 “Jeld-Wen field Achieves LEED Silver EBoM Certification.” Turner . Turner, (1 november 2011). Accessed July 31, 2012. 4 overman, Jennifer, and Christa Thoeresz. “Earth Week: The Timbers integrate Sustainability into JELD-WEn field Through LEED Certification and Portland Timbers . MLS network, (April 17, 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. Strategic partnerships.” earth-week-timbers-integrate-sustainability-jeld-wen-field-through-leed-certification-a. 5 ibid. 6 ibid. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 110 |

111 7 “Miller park Achieves LEED Certification.” Milwaukee Brewers . MLB, (26 March 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20120326&content_id=27619978&vkey=pr_mil&c_id=mil. 8 ibid. 9 John & John and Cait. “Green roof, Green Seats, Green Grass: Miller park is now one of Wisconsin’s Largest Green Buildings.” Weblog post. Cait...Plus Nine . MLBlogs network, (19 June 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. “Miller park Achieves LEED Certification.” Milwaukee Brewers . MLB, (26 March 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. 10 com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20120326&content_id=27619978&vkey=pr_mil&c_id=mil. 11 Green, Tom. “Marlins park Earns LEED Gold Certification.” Miami Marlins. MLB, (May 25, 2012). accessed July 31,2012. com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20120525&content_id=32216798&vkey=news_mia&c_id=mia. 12 ibid. 13 “Marlins park’s Environmental Commitment | Ballpark.” Miami Marlins . MLB, accessed July 31, 2012. mia/ballpark/environmental_commitment.jsp. 14 Marlins Park Is The First Retractable Roof Building In The World To Receive Gold Level Environmental Miami Marlins Media relations Department. Certification . Marlins news release. MLB, (May 17, 2012). Accessed 31 July 2012. 15 Green, Tom. “Marlins park Earns LEED Gold Certification.” Miami Marlins . MLB, (May 25, 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20120525&content_id=32216798&vkey=news_mia&c_id=mia. 16 Mayer, Larry. “Soldier field Earns Top Building Honor.” . nfL, (May 31, 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. http://www.chicagobears. com/news/newsStory.asp?story_id=8842. 17 ibid. 18 Hincha-ownby, Melissa. “Soldier field Earns LEED Certification.” Web blog post. Mother Nature Network . Mnn, (April 27, 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. . (April 16,2012). Accessed July 19 “Soldier field Becomes first north American nfL Stadium to Attain LEED Certification | CpD.” Chicago Park District 31, 2012. Mayer, Larry. “Soldier field Earns Top Building Honor.” . nfL, (31 May 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. http://www.chicagobears. 20 com/news/newsStory.asp?story_id=8842. 21 ibid. 22 “Houston Dynamo, BBv A Compass reach Multi-year, naming rights Agreement for Downtown Stadium.” Houston Dynamo . MLS, (12 May 2012). Accessed July 31, 2012. downtown-stadium. 23 Woosley, Zach. “new Dynamo Stadium rendering released.” Dynamo Theory. SB nation, (october 12, 2011). Accessed August 1, 2012. http:// 24 “This Week in MLS - Houston’s BBv A Compass Stadium opens Saturday.” ourSports Central. oSC, (8 May 2012). Accessed August 1, 2012. http:// 25 pacific Cascade Corporation. GreenDrop Recycling Stations Score Big in Houston. Yahoo! Finance . pr newswire, (May 10, 2012). Accessed August 1, 2012. 26 ibid. 27 . “Houston Dynamo, Greenstar recycling, BBv Houston Dynamo A Compass Conduct recycling Drive for “Building a Better planet” Campaign.” MLS network, (April 23, 2012). Accessed 1 August 2012. compass-conduct-recycling-drive-%E2%80%9Cbuilding-bette. 28 “Houston Dynamo, BBv A Compass reach Multi-year, naming rights Agreement for Downtown Stadium.” Houston Dynamo . MLS, (May 12, 2012). Accessed July 312012. downtown-stadium. 29 nets Basketball. Barclays Center Tops Out, FCRC Celebrates . Brooklyn nets., (January 12, 2012). Accessed August 1, 2012. http://www. 30 nets Basketball. Barclays Center Tops Out, FCRC Celebrates . Brooklyn nets., (January 12, 2012). Accessed August 1, 2012. http://www. 31 ibid. “Ceremonial Groundbreaking for Barclays Center at Atlantic Yards in Brooklyn.” Hunt Construction Group . Hunt Construction Group, (2012). 32 Accessed August 1, 2012. 33 Barclays Center “100 Days until the opening of Barclays Center.” . Brooklyn nets, (2012). Accessed August 1, 2012. http://www.barclayscenter. com/press/100-days-until-the-opening-of-barclays-center/. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 111 |

112 chaPter 4: recommendationS for imPlementing a SucceSSful SPortS greening Program This section contains a set of recommendations that can help teams and venues begin or build upon their environmental programs, based on lessons from some of the most well-developed sports greening initiatives in North America to date. By implementing some of this advice, sports teams and venues can gradually improve operations, strengthen their brand, attract green sponsors and engage with fans on this issue. The recommendations below are diverse, as greening strategies vary according to the needs and capabilities of individual organizations. Consider the following 10 strategies for beginning or improving a greening program: 1. recognize that Shifting to 2. Start with effortS that have the faSteSt return on inveStment: environmentally Preferable ProductS and oPerationS takeS time energy, water and P aPer efficiency ProgramS The infrastructure that dominates the way goods and services are manufactured and supplied in the marketplace Starting with cost-saving environmental initiatives helps has been built up over many decades. In fact, that existing garner institutional support. Improved efficiency means infrastructure, including environmentally harmful less waste, which often translates into cost savings as well production practices, is often supported by subsidies, as savings of energy, water, and other resources. A sports regulations and vendor relationships that make it more greening program that begins with financially sound difficult to implement change. Some initiatives, such as environmental initiatives—such as upgrading to more- energy efficiency audits and water use audits, can progress efficient light bulbs, installing water-efficient fixtures or promptly. But other adjustments, such as actually changing making double-sided copies and printing less frequently— energy-consuming technologies, measuring impacts, will help the program gain momentum by cutting costs and shifting to post-consumer recycled content paper products, attracting interest in other greening opportunities. developing a recycling-based waste management system and providing ecologically preferable food service, can take a few years to implement. aPer 3. audit your energy, water and P This should not deter you from undertaking the small steps uSe and your waSte generation to needed to make gradual progress. Give your organization Save money the time it needs to make these adjustments, and let the Commission an energy, water and waste audit to evaluate initiative unfold as slowly as needed to ensure that staff opportunities for resource and financial savings. (Many comfort, proper training and implementation, and budgetary utilities provide free energy audits.) During an energy and restrictions will be respected. This will benefit the longevity water efficiency audit, a trained engineer conducts an and stability of the greening program. Moreover, long-range analysis of your facility and identifies opportunities for planning can allow an organization to invest in capital enhanced efficiency that are likely to save your organization improvements that will save money over time. money and improve your environmental performance. Using the data collected, your organization can identify the feasibility of various infrastructure upgrades and improved building management systems and the potential for cost savings. Similarly, you can audit waste generation and paper use and identify opportunities to enhance efficiency in those areas. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 112 |

113 ©MLB 5. eStabliSh a green team leader, 4. meaSure your ongoing oPeration— track energy, water, waSte and other recruit intereSted Staff from all deP environmental coStS artmentS, and get early buy-in from leaderShiP By tracking environmental data such as energy and water use, waste generation, and paper use, you will be able to assess Often a greening initiative is launched by a single person performance and identify opportunities for improvement. who is motivated to implement change, but a successful Measuring also allows you to set short- and long-term goals greening initiative is one that embeds itself in the culture of and compare your performance with others in the field. an organization. A greening initiative must be bigger than a Quantifying successes can help determine where your single person, who may at some point leave the organization. greening investments can make the most impact and can Make sure the greening initiative is supported by upper help your organization document progress, inspiring further management to promote organization-wide buy-in. One way investment by staff, partners, fans and sponsors. Some to involve staff at different levels is to create an organization- leagues are implementing league-wide tracking systems for wide environmental mission statement. Also develop environmental metrics like energy consumption, water use, environmentally preferable purchasing policies and vendor waste/recycling, and paper purchasing. Take advantage of contracts, and other tools supporting your environmental your league’s measurement program if it’s available. Even goals. if your league doesn’t yet offer an environmental tracking system, you can track your team’s or facility’s environmental metrics using tools like the EPA’s Portfolio Manager and WasteWise, or even assemble individual spreadsheets with data supplied by vendors and service providers. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 113 |

114 ©MLS 6. realize that greening iS a journey, not a deStination. there iS no green, only greener; and there iS no beSt, only better, aS new ProductS are entering the market all the time Greening means reviewing your operations and procurement with an eye toward reducing environmental impacts. It is an iterative, ongoing process. Greening means not just following a checklist, but integrating environmental criteria into ongoing decision-making about products, services and operations. Make a formal environmental commitment where possible in purchasing policies, vendor contracts and sustainability reporting. Greening is never really finished, because more efficient, environmentally preferable products and services are entering the market all the time. If you aren’t able to find the product or service that meets your environmental needs at a given point, keep looking, and continue to let your vendors know what you want; chances are that the product will be available (and affordable) before long. Education of staff, fans, vendors and partners is also an ongoing process. By visualizing greening as a journey, you can celebrate accomplishments along the way and create a flexible initiative that can respond to changes in internal priorities and in the marketplace. 7. SPonSorS and vendorS can helP SuPPort your greening Program. artnerS identify wayS to work with P 8. greening iS a good branding to Profit from thiS SuPPort tool that can helP raiSe your Greening may lead to sponsorship opportunities environmental Profile in the with existing or new partners who share your goals of community. engage fanS in your environmental stewardship. Involving sponsors and vendors greening Program and communicate can provide financial and organizational support to your your SucceSSeS environmental efforts. These partners may bring funding, advertisements and products to your greening effort. Also Greening initiatives can provide opportunities for fans to talk with your sponsors about funding solar arrays, recycling interact with teams in their community. Fan engagement containers or other environmental enhancements to your can be as basic as incorporating visible and well-marked facility. Collaboration with sponsors and vendors can also recycling bins at a stadium, inviting community participation help disseminate information about your greening program in green events, or featuring ongoing displays at a sports into your host community. The community’s involvement facility. Public service announcements or other broadcast can also help move the marketplace toward more sustainable initiatives can also yield great fan response. Some teams behavior. Involving your sponsors and vendors sends a and leagues are modifying their websites and using social valuable signal to the corporate world that environmental media to bring fans into their greening initiatives. Some issues are important to your organization. communities coordinate sports greening initiatives with community goals and information sharing. game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment Page 114 |

115 ©Microgrid Solar 9. a void greenwaShing, becauSe 10. learn from otherS. join the green overStating accomPliShmentS can SPortS alliance and uSe league- baSed reSourceS backfire Leagues can offer support by sharing information about Don’t be shy about communicating success stories, but don’t greenwash, either. Exaggerating your environmental better practices that other teams and venues have already achievements can undermine your good work and do long- implemented. MLB, the NHL and the NBA have, or will soon term damage to your brand. There is no shame is announcing have, environmental data-gathering systems that can help measure progress and identify opportunities to improve. a small accomplishment. Indeed, there is no single business Green Sports Alliance newsletters, conferences and greening undertaking that can solve our many ecological problems. However small our day-to-day actions may seem, our committees are other ways to obtain information about collective purchases add up to meaningful regional and greening. global impacts. Most individuals and businesses can do only To get started today on greening your team, venue or event, relatively small things, whether it’s buying products made consult the NRDC Greening Advisor at with recycled content, using renewable energy, driving a fuel- for in-depth suggestions on how to adopt greener practices. efficient car, or conserving water. What is clear, however, is The Greening Advisor is a free, online guide that helps sports that everyone has to do something, regardless of how small it leagues, teams and venues implement environmentally might seem, to reduce their ecological footprint. intelligent practices to improve the efficiency of operations, uncover opportunities to cut costs, enhance brands and benefit public health. It covers everything from energy audits and arena transportation to purchasing, travel and waste management. How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 115 |

116 afterword Looking back over the past few years at the environmental progress in the professional sports industry and society in general, we can see remarkable progress being made, sometimes smoothly, sometimes in fits and starts. Bright lights of innovation are leading the way forward. The best-in-class examples documented in this report reveal solutions to some of the most pressing environmental challenges we face. We can learn from the innovators described in this report that are working to make their teams, their venues and their leagues more environmentally responsible. With simple operational changes and minimal investments, we can make major strides to reduce the collective footprint of the globally influential sports industry and its supply chain. However, it’s clear that even with our best efforts, we still have a long way to go. ©Microgrid Solar The replication and scalability of these greening initiatives is an important part of the work that will move us forward. Replicating successful strategies brings the lessons of the few closer to being business as usual. Once someone has blazed a trail, it becomes easier for all of those who follow. That’s one reason to be thankful for the innovative teams featured in this report who have gone out on a limb to seek ways to solve problems before they were fully aware of the solutions. Along the way, technology and market-readiness also improves, often enabling the price of environmentally-preferred products to come down. Consider the growing success of LED lighting over the past few years, making lighting retrofits more practical and the return on investment even stronger. But given the pace of technological and operational improvements, we need to do more than simply repeat the old models. Replicating the past, even the best-in-class examples outlined in this report, will not, by itself, get us to a sustainable future. We need to create new strategies and new tools along the way. We might consider a sustainability path for our organizations in three stages. First, recognize our responsibility to improve the way we do business, enhancing the performance of our operations and also reducing our environmental impact. Second, accept that significant effort and investment of time and resources will be necessary to actually do the work and to make progress. Third, develop a clearly defined plan and create accountability for implementation within the organization. With a smart plan in place and a strong team to execute it, environmental initiatives can become part of the regular fabric of operations. Finally, by building in measurement and periodic reviews of How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 116 |

117 ©MLB photos/Darrell Byers Sports venues are not alone when trying to address the plan, progress and goals, the team can make adjustments, environmental initiatives; in fact, a growing number of add or reallocate resources when necessary, and help to companies are discovering how important it is to understand embed the strategies into the culture of the organization, the environmental footprint of their business, and find new ensuring success year after year. ways to reduce costs and reduce impacts. As we look forward Once we have these internal strategies in place, we can to the years ahead, there is an opportunity to learn from connect with and learn from each other, from other venues, the sustainability pioneers in the field, and find new ways other leagues, and other industries, a role that the Green to apply their innovations in sports venues and help others Sports Alliance was envisioned to fill. By learning what’s along the way. We need those leaders to share what they working, sharing what’s not, and encouraging collaboration have learned and build bridges to support those just getting and innovation across the leagues, the Alliance has grown started. from an inspiring collection of six teams and venues, To all the sports organizations out there: Get in the game, and founding environmental partners, to include over 50 keep score, and get recognized for the good work you do. professional and collegiate teams, representing over 13 The journey toward more sustainable operations is ongoing, professional leagues and over 100 sports facilities. This but there are plenty of people and organizations who want unprecedented international network continues to grow and to help you succeed, if you just ask. It’s really pretty simple. allows for the rapid transmission of information from one Improve your operations, reduce your environmental impact, successful project to an operator just beginning to build a and reduce your costs. That’s just good business. plan. This type of collaboration across silos, across leagues and across geography is both necessary and inspirational. It reminds us that while competition is fierce on the court or the playing field, when it comes to environmental initiatives, we all win when we share our successes. Martin Tull Executive Director Green Sports Alliance How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment game changer: Page 117 |

118 loS angeleS new york harriS to Place fSc windPower text and logoS 1314 Second Street 40 West 20th Street and recycled content Pcw here in white Santa Monica, CA 90401 new York, nY 10011 phone 310-434-2300 phone 212-727-2700 delete pink box!!!!!!!! montana beijing Box 70 G.T. international Centre Livingston, MT 59047 room 1606 phone 406-222-9561 3A Building 1 Yongandongli San franciSco Jianguomenwai St. 111 Sutter Street Beijing, China 100022 San francisco, CA 94104 phone 415-875-6100 chicago 2 n. riverside plaza waShington, dc Suite 2250 1152 15th Street nW, Suite 300 Chicago, iL 60606 Washington, DC 20005 phone 312-663-9900 phone 202-289-6868

119 game changer: How the Sports industry is Saving the Environment SPINE Width to be determined by the printer September 2012 nrdc

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