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Transcript

1 How can I protect myself and my sex partner(s)? For HIV/STD testing locations STD PARTNER NOTIFICATION: • Wait until you are sure both you and your in Texas, call: partner(s) have completed treatment before 2-1-1 having sex again. Too often people pass a What If disease back and forth by having sex before they have finished all their medication. For other HIV/STD questions, call: (English/Español) 1 (800) CDC-INFO • STDs get from one person to another through I've Been 1 (888) 232-6348 (TTY) sex. They pass easily through the delicate lining of the mouth, vagina, penis and rectum. Abstinence (not having sex) is the only sure For more information, go to: way to prevent sexual transmission of STDs. Exposed to • If you have sex, you can reduce your risk of infection by using latex condoms every time. When used the right way, condoms can help an STD? protect you from many common STDs, including HIV. Be sure to put the condom on before the penis touches the vagina, mouth or anus. • If you have sex, you can reduce your risk if you have only one uninfected partner who only has sex with you. Use condoms unless tests show that you and your partner do not have any STDs. Alcohol or other drugs can increase risk by • causing people to make dangerous choices about sex. • If you shoot drugs, never share your works (needle and syringe). Don't share or re-use cotton balls, rinse water or other equipment, either. Don't share needles to pierce body parts, make • Texas Department of State Health Services P.O. Box 149347, Austin TX 78714-9347 tattoos or for anything else. Stock No. 4-214/Revised 5/2017 Reproduction of this pamphlet is encouraged; however, copies may not be sold and the Texas Department of State Health Services should be cited as the source for this information. 4

2 Okay, so am I infected? What if I've been exposed to an STD What kind of tests are we talking about? (sexually transmitted disease)? Some require a blood sample, some require an The only way to know if you are infected is to go to a doctor's office or clinic and have the examination. Each STD has its own test, so be sure Chances are you are reading this brochure for one appropriate tests done. Even if you have had a to tell your clinician which STD you may have. of two reasons: Since people sometimes have more than one STD recent exam, the specific tests were probably not Someone you’ve had sex or shared needles 1. performed. at a time, your clinician should test you for several with has told you he or she has an STD and STDs at the same visit. you may have it, too. Because different STDs need different tests and Because having an STD can put you at a higher treatment, it is very important for you to tell A public health professional has told you 2. risk for getting infected with HIV, it is a good idea whoever examines you which STD you may have someone who tested positive for an STD to have an HIV test, too. Talk to your doctor or been exposed to. (For example, “I had sex with named you as a sex or needle-sharing partner. clinician about being tested for HIV. This will help the someone who has chlamydia.”) doctor or clinician know which tests need to be Either way, someone is concerned about your done. I can’t believe this is happening to me! health and wants to make sure you do all you can to take care of yourself. You are not alone Because STDs can lead to serious – even life- . One in three sexually active threatening – conditions, your clinician may people will have an STD by the time they are 24. Naturally, you have a lot of questions. This suggest you get treated without waiting for test Many of them find out because someone tells them, brochure is to help answer those questions, to make results. “I’ve been to the clinic and had a positive test. You sure you know what to do next, and to let you should be tested, too.” know where to go for more information. But I don’t have any symptoms! It is almost always upsetting. People can feel What’s the difference between exposed frightened, embarrassed, or just numb. It is easy It’s good that you don’t have symptoms – they and infected? to be angry with your partner. It may be useful to are no fun. But it doesn’t mean you are free from remember that your partner told you – or made sure infection. Many people who are infected have no If someone you spend a lot of time with has a cold; the health department could tell you – because he idea anything is wrong. Meanwhile, they can pass chances are you were exposed when they coughed or she was concerned about your health. That took the STD on to others and can suffer serious damage or sneezed. You may or may not “catch” the cold. a lot of courage. to their reproductive system. You may wait for many days before you know. If – even if they are much you start having symptoms It is important to remember that just because your milder or different from your friend’s – we know So what do I do now? partner was tested first doesn’t mean he or she infected. you have become had the infection first. There is usually no way of Go to your doctor, health center or public health knowing who gave it to whom. With STDs, if you've had sex with someone who clinic and tell them you may have been exposed We don’t have is infected, you've been exposed. to an STD. Ask the person who gave you this to wait for symptoms. In fact, if we did, we would brochure to help you identify the choices available. If you go to the same provider who treated risk serious health problems because many people with STDs do not know they are infected until they your partner, all information will still be kept To avoid reinfection, don't have sex until both Your information stays private to you; confidential. get very sick. Instead, we can usually do simple of you have finished all the medications! tests to see if you are infected with an STD before your partner’s information stays private to him/her. problems arise. 3 1 2

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