50 Fun Facts about the 50th State

Transcript

1 King Kamehameha the Frequently Used Hawaiian Words Great conquered and 8 united the eight major Hawaiian Islands in 1810. aloha love, hello, goodbye He ruled the kingdom kama ‘ a ina native or local until his death in 1819. Ā lifelike statue of King man ka ne Kamehameha stands 50 Fun Facts about prominently in the taboo, no trespassing kapu th historic Capital District of State the 50 child or children keiki downtown Honolulu. help or give assistance ko kua Captain James Cook, an English explorer, made On December 1, 2014, porch, patio, balcony la nai his first visit to the Hawaiian Islands in 1778. Niʻihau, nicknamed the Forbidden Island, is 9 David Y. Ige became the 1 13 He named the group of islands the Sandwich privately owned by the Robinson family, eighth governor of the thank you mahalo Islands in honor of the Earl of Sandwich. descendants of Elizabeth Sinclair. In 1864, i. He is ‘ State of Hawai Sinclair purchased the island from King makai oceanside also the first governor of Kamehameha IV. Okinawan descent in the mountainside mauka State and the nation. During the reign of King Kamehameha V, 14 family ʻohana people afflicted with leprosy were banished to Kalaupapa on Molokaʻi. There are eight islands that make up the State delicious ‘ ono i: Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, of Hawai ‘ 2 Ā small patch of land at Kealakekua Bay on pau finished La naʻi, Maui, Kahoʻolawe and the Big Island of 15 the Big Island is owned by Britain. It was i. Hawai ‘ purchased by the British consul general in pu pu snacks or appetizers 1877. female wahine ‘ Honolulu is the capital of the State of Hawai i. 3 By law, a building on Kauaʻi can be no taller 16 than a palm tree. There are four counties in the State: Honolulu, Iolani Palace is the only royal palace on ‘ Maui, Kauaʻi and Hawai i. ‘ 4 10 Āmerican soil. It was built by King David Kala kaua and later occupied by his sister, Visit the Hawai ‘ i State Capitol th Queen Liliʻuokalani. i became the 50 ‘ On Āugust 21, 1959, Hawai virtual tour. Scan the QR code State. Statehood Day is an official state 5 or go to governor.hawaii.gov ‘ i. holiday in Hawai In 1874, King Kala kaua wrote the lyrics to ‘ “ Hawai ī , ‘ i Pono ” the State song. The song 11 was composed by Henry Berger, leader of The nickname for the FACEBOOK.COM/GovernorDavidIge the Royal Hawaiian Band. Today, the band 6 ‘ State of Hawai i is the Āloha State. - is the oldest and only full time municipal TWITTER.COM/GovHawaii band in the U.S. INSTAGRAM.COM/GovHawaii The Hawaiian Islands were formed by The official State motto, i Surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, Hawai ‘ volcanic activity. Kauaʻi is the oldest of the 17 Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀ ina 7 FLICKR.COM/GovHawaii is the most isolated population center on eight islands, formed about 5 million years 12 i ka Pono, is written at i is 2,390 miles from ‘ earth. Hawai ago. The Big Island is the youngest island, the bottom of the State seal. It means the life of GOVERNOR.HAWAII.GOV California and 3,850 miles from Japan. formed over 600,000 years ago. the land is perpetuated in righteousness. Produced by the Office of Governor David Y. Ige

2 In 1879, Joao Fernandez, Maui is home to Haleakala , the world ’ s Parker Ranch on the Big Island is the largest The State flag features the British flag in a Portuguese immigrant, 43 largest dormant volcano. Haleakala means 18 34 contiguous ranch in the U.S. the corner and eight stripes which 29 , introduced the braginho “ ” House of the Sun. represent the eight islands. The use of the string musical a four - Union Jack in the flag design is symbolic of i is one of only four states that have Hawai ‘ instrument, to the Located on the Big Island, Kī lauea is the the friendship between Britain and the outlawed billboards. The others are Ālaska, 35 Hawaiians, which they 19 world ’ s most active volcano with Hawaiian Kingdom. Maine and Vermont. renamed the ukulele. documented eruptions since 1823. © Tina Mahina ‘ i does not observe daylight savings Hawai Ā lei is a traditional Hawaiian gift made with Mauna Loa is the largest active volcano on 36 time. flowers, leaves, seeds or nuts. It is a symbol 44 20 earth, spanning 75 miles. Mauna Loa means of love, friendship, gratitude, appreciation Long Mountain. “ ” The people of Hawai ‘ i and honor, often used as greetings or at 37 consume the most celebrations. Mauna Kea is the world ’ s tallest volcano, Spam per capita in the measuring from the bottom of the ocean 21 U.S. The yellow The kukui nut floor to its peak above land. hibiscus is the tree is the State 46 45 i has the longest life expectancy in Hawai ‘ State flower. tree. the U.S. 38 i is the only state with a tropical Hawai ‘ rainforest. 22 Hawai ‘ i is the only state with two official Born in Hawai i, Barack Obama is the only ‘ 39 languages, English and Hawaiian. 23 ‘ - free. i is the only state that is rabies Hawai 30 president from outside the continental United States. To protect the island habitat, some animals There are twelve letters in the Hawaiian 24 — five vowels and seven are prohibited in Hawai ‘ i, such as snakes, language 40 Hiram Fong, elected in 1959, was the first okina mark (similar to The humuhumunukunukua pua hamsters and ferrets. consonants. The ‘ ‘ a (triggerfish) Āsian Āmerican in the U.S. Senate. Fong was 31 is the State fish. an apostrophe) and kahako mark (line 47 a descendant of Chinese immigrants to above a vowel) are used to clarify ‘ Hawai i has more endangered species than ‘ i. Hawai pronunciation. 25 any other state. From the Kure Ātoll in the north to the Big The hoary bat is The monk seal is Island in the South, the entire Hawaiian 32 the State marine the State land 26 27 Islands archipelago measures 1,523 miles, mammal. mammal. making it the longest island chain in the The State stone is black coral although it is world. actually an animal. 48 ‘ Duke Kahanamoku, Hawai i s native son, ’ The Kalaupapa Cliffs on Molokaʻi are the was a legendary surfer, hero, Olympic gold 49 s highest ’ world 33 th medalist, Honolulu sheriff, and the 50 sea cliffs. ’ State s official greeter. ‘ s longest ’ i Hawai waterfall and Hula is a traditional Hawaiian dance largest white Queen Lili'uokalani, last monarch of the performed by both men and women. 41 sand beaches are Hawaiian Kingdom, was a talented musician 50 also on the island who composed Āloha ” ‘ Oe (Farewell to “ The ne ne or Hawaiian ‘ Ā luau is a feast. Many families in Hawai i of Molokaʻi. s ’ Children ’ Thee). She attended the Chiefs 28 goose is the State bird. ’ s first birthday, graduation 42 celebrate a child School, which is now Royal Elementary or weddings with a luau. School in Honolulu.

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