Americans’ Opinions on Abortion

Transcript

1 Americans’ Opinions on Abortion January 2018

2 the a When asked to align with one side of abortion debate, majority slim of Americans describe themselves as -choice. pro On the issue of abortion, do you consider yourself pro -life or -choice? pro Americans 80% Unsu re 60% 57% 55% 60% 56% 52% 51% 53% 50% 50% 51% 51% 49% 4% 49% 47% 48% 40% 46% 44% 45% 43% Pro -Life 44% 44% 42% 43% 40% 41% 39% 20% 51% 44% 0% Pro -Choice Pro-choice Pro-life Pro -Life Pro Unsure -Choice 72% 4% 25% Democrat 76% Republican 22% 2% 55% Independent 41% 4%

3 More than three in four Americans, including six in ten who want significant restrictions on abortion. -choice, identify as pro closest to your opinion on abortion: Which comes Pro -Choice Pro -Life Americans during Available to a woman any time her entire 1 21% 12% 2% pregnancy 2 during the first six months of a pregnancy Only 11% 3% 19% 3 Only during the first three months of a pregnancy 41% 8% 26% Only the in cases of rape, incest or to save the life of 4 46% 30% 16% mother 76% 60% 95% 5 to save the life of the mother Only 2% 12% 23% Should never be permitted under any circumstance 6 8% 18% 1% 100% 86% 84% 84% 84% 83% 81% 81% 79% 79% 78% 76% 76% 74% 80% 60% 40% 27% 23% 23% 22% 21% 20% 20% 18% 17% 17% 16% 16% 14% 20% 0% Oct. 2008 May 2009 July 2010 Jan. 2012 Dec. 2012 Jan. 2014 Jan. 2015 Nov. 2015 April 2016 July 2016 Jan. 2017 Dec. 2017 Jan. 2018 Three through Six One and Two

4 than six in ten More Republicans, independents, and want abortion . significant restrictions on Democrats abortion*: your opinion on Which comes closest to Only in cases Only during a Available to never Should rape, incest of the first Only during woman any be permitted to save Only to save or three Want six the first time during under any of life the life of the of a months significant a months of entire her circumstance mother the the mother pregnancy ns restrictio pregnancy pregnancy Democrat 4% 9% 19% 29% 61% 17% 21% Republican 41% 3% 5% 92% 15% 17% 19% Independent 30% 31% 78% 6% 11% 10% 13% *Which ONE of the following statements comes closest to your opinion on One, abortion should be available to a woman any time she wants one during abortion: first three the first her entire pregnancy, Two, abortion should be allowed only during the six months of a pregnancy, Three, abortion should be allowed only during months of a pregnancy, Four, abortion should be allowed only in cases of rape, incest or to save the life of the mother, Five bortion should be allowed only to , a save the life of the mother, Six, abortion should never be permitted under any circumstance?

5 A majority of Americans see abortion as morally wrong. Whether Americans think access to abortion should be legal or not, more than half of Americans, 56%, believe abortion is morally wrong. Regardless of whether or not you think it should be legal, do you believe that, in general, abortion is morally acceptable or morally wrong? 3% 41% 56% 56% Morally acceptable Morally wrong Not a moral issue 63% 70% 62% 60% 60% 59% 58% 57% 56% 60% 50% 40% 41% 41% 39% 38% 30% 37% 37% 36% 35% 20% 10% 0% December 2012 May 2012 January 2015 November 2015 April 2016 January 2017 January 2018 January 2014 Morally wrong Morally acceptable

6 If it is likely a child will have a genetic disorder, more than six abortion as morally wrong. in ten Americans see having an Americans -choice Nearly half of those who identify as pro Not a moral issue agree that it is morally wrong to abort a (49%), Unsure Morally child based on the expectation that the baby will 2% acceptable 8% be born with a genetic disorder such as Down Syndrome. 26% 64% Morally wrong Pro -choice Pro -life 39% 10% Morally acceptable Prenatal tests in many countries including the United States are 84% 49% wrong Morally able to determine how likely a child is to be born with a genetic disorder such as Down Syndrome. Regardless of whether or not 1% 3% Not a moral issue you think it should be legal, do you believe it is morally acceptable 9% 5% Unsure or morally wrong to have an abortion because a child is likely to be born with Down Syndrome?

7 Does having an abortion improve a woman’s life in the long run? A majority of Americans say no. than More harm Improves a In the long run, do you believe having an abortion improves a woman's good woman’s life Unsure life or in the long run do you believe abortion does more harm than good to a woman? 7% 6% 85% -Life Pro 20% 25% 50% Pro -Choice Ameri cans Democrat 19% 44% 34% Republican 73% 11% 12% Does more % 52 Independent 15% 30% 50% harm than good Unsure 70% 59% 57% 15 % 55% 60% 53% 52% 50% 50% 40% Improves a 31% 30% 29% 26% % 29 30% 22% woman’s life 21% 20% 10% 52% of residents say having an abortion is 0% July 2009 January January November January January more likely to cause harm to a woman than it 2015 2014 2018 2015 2017 is to do her good. This includes one in four Improves a woman's life Does more harm than good who consider themselves pro -choice.

8 Laws can protect both a pregnant woman and the life of her unborn child according to nearly eight in ten Americans. Which statement comes closer to your view: One, it is possible to have laws which protect both the health and well -being of a woman 90% and the life of the unborn; or two, it is necessary for laws to choose to 80% 84% 84% 84% protect one and not the other? 81% 80% 78% 78% 77% 70% Unsure 60% 15% 8% Laws can 50% Laws must choose protect Laws 40% both must 30% 19% 17% % XX 16% choose 15% 15% 20% 14% 12% 12% XX % 10% 78% 0% Laws can protect both XX% Laws must choose Laws can protect both Laws can Laws must Unsure protect both choose Nearly three in four of those identifying as 84% 12% 5% -Life Pro pro -choice (73%) and identifying as 9% 73% 18% Democrats (73%) believe laws can protect Pro -Choice both mother and her unborn child. Democrat 73% 18% 9% Republican 83% 11% 5% Independent 80% 8% 12%

9 on More than six in ten Americans support a abortion ban pregnancy. after 20 weeks of support Please tell if you strongly support, me , oppose, or of pregnancy weeks after 20 strongly oppose banning abortions 100% m o t h e r. the life of the save except to Unsure 4% 63% 61% 59% Oppose/ 50% Strongly 35% 35% Support / 33% Oppose Strongly 33% Support 63% 0% December 2017 January 2017 November 2015 Strongly support/Support Oppose/Strongly Oppose Support/ Oppose/ Unsure Strongly Strongly Oppose Support -Life Pro 74% 3% 23% favor banning Americans who The proportion of from 20 weeks is abortions after in 59% up 4% 56% 40% -Choice Pro 2017. January has also been an increase There 4% Democrat 56% 40% in the number of Democrats (56%) that share 3% 73% Republican 24% this view compared to 49% a year ago. 32% 64% 3% Independent

10 When Does Life Begin? Regardless of party affiliation, more Americans believe life begins at conception than at any . More than six and ten Americans (62%) believe other point during a woman’s pregnancy that life begins at least within the first three months of a woman’s pregnancy. 15% 47% 10% 14% 10% 4% Americans 23% 14 36% When a baby First 3 months 3 - 6 months At conception Unsure Viability outside Do you believe life begins*: is born the womb Democrat 32% 10% 14% 21% 17% 6% Republican 13% 3% 6% 4% 2% 72% Independent 44% 17% 8% 17% 10% 4% *Do you believe life begins : At conception, within the first three months, between three and six months, when a fetus is viable and can live outside the womb, or when a baby is born.

11 Is the notion that human life begins at conception a religious belief or a scientific fact? Is the statement "human life begins at conception": Americans 45% 46% A biological and A philosophical or 10% Unsure religious belief scientific fact % Unsure As many Americans (46%) believe the statement “ human life begins at conception” is a scientific fact, as those (45%) who consider it a philosophical or religious belief. A philosophical or religious belief A biological and scientific fact Unsure Pro -life supporters 59% 30% 11% 6% Pro 35% 58% -choice supporters 8% Democrat 36% 55% Republican 10% 39% 52% Independent 41% 10% 49%

12 Six using tax dollars to pay for in ten Americans oppose a woman’s abortion. Please tell me if you strongly support, support, oppose, or strongly 100% abortion. oppose using tax a woman’s dollars to pay for 68% 68% 66% 62% Unsure 61% 60% 4% 50% 36% 35% 35% 31% 28% 28% Support / Strongly Support 0% / Oppose 36% November December April 2016 July 2016 January 2015 January 2017 2015 2017 Strongly Oppose/Strongly Oppose Strongly Support/Support 60% Oppose and a notable A majority of in dependents of payer tax Democrats oppose proportion of funding abortion. Strongly Support/Suppo rt Oppose/St rongly Oppose 47% Unsure 2% 87% 11% Pro -Life 5% Pro 54% -Choice 40% Democrat 51% 43% 5% 89% 10% Republican 1% 5% Independent 39% 56%

13 A majority of those with moral objections Americans think should not be legally required to provide abortion services or . insurance coverage nurses objections Do you think doctors, perform or , or organizations who have moral to to abortion should or should not be legally required provide insurance coverage for abortions? 100% Americans 60% 56% 54% 50% 38% 37% 35% 0% 7% July 2016 January 2017 December 2017 Unsure Should not be legally required Should be legally required Should be be Should not legally required required legally 38% 54% Should legally required Unsure not be legally required Should be 6% 73% Pro -Life 21% Pro -Choice 42% 51% 7% 7% 53% Democrat 40% 5% Republican 74% 20% 37% 56% Independent 7%

14 At in ten Americans a politician’s stance on least seven say in their is a factor vote, including a plurality abortion deciding who say it is a major factor. Americans for : Is a politician’s position on abortion a major factor, a minor factor, or not a factor in deciding your vote Major factor Minor factor a factor Not President 29% 42% 27% Congress 28% 45% 24% 38% 28% 32% Local percentage Presents President Congress Local major/minor reporting factor 76% 75% 73% Democrat Republican 72% 76% 73% 68% 73% 70% Independent

15 Conducted was the Study How study was undertaken by The • This and conducted of Columbus Knights by the Marist for Public Opinion Institute located at Marist College in Yo r k Poughkeepsie, New • report presents the findings from This s telephone digit dial random two survey conducted in English of Americans, both landline and cell phone including frames sampling the first survey in were • Data collected in December 2017 and in January 2018 for the second survey Analysis of -groups is included when • sub noteworthy and/or statistically different some totals may not add note Please • that to 100% due to rounding

16 Methodology Statement The results from two surveys conducted by The Marist Poll and funded in • sponsored are presented in this report. Adults 18 years Columbus partnership with The Knights of residing in the continental United States were interviewed in English by of age and older using live interviewers . telephone th th In December, 1,267 December 4 • through the 7 were interviewed from , 2017. In adults th th January, 1,350 adults were interviewed from January 8 through the 10 , 2018. • Mobile telephone numbers were randomly selected based upon a list of telephone exchanges from throughout the nation from Survey Sampling International. The exchanges were selected to ensure each region was represented in proportion to its population. Mobile phones are treated as individual devices. After validation of age, personal ownership, and non- -use of the mobile phone, interviews are typically business respondents conducted with the person answering the phone. To increase coverage, were also reached through random dialing of landline phone numbers from ASDE Survey Sampler, Inc. Within each landline household, a single respondent is selected through a - random selection process to increase the representativeness of traditionally under covered survey populations. Assistance was provided by Research for data Luce collection. The samples were then combined and balanced to reflect the 2013 American Community Survey 1- year estimates for age, gender, income, race, and region . • The December and January results are statistically significant within ± 2.8 percentage was points ± 2.7 percentage points, respectively . The error margin and not adjusted for sample weights and increases for cross- tabulations.

17 Contact Information r and oluntee s premiere v ion' e nat s i s one of th The Knights of Columbu of Knights than nizations. Last year, Knights worldwide donated more charitable orga Columbus ritable causes in 75 million hours, and more than $17 7.5 million to cha Hea dquar ters s, as well in Europe a e America t th communities throughou nd Asia. From Mr. Carl Anderson, Supreme Knight helping children in need heelchairs for the dis abled, to , to providing w Mr. Andrew Walther, Vice President, e helping stock food banks, nd affordable lif t o offerin g t op -ra ted a Communications and Strategic Planning insurance to i ts members, the Knights has been at the service of the 1 Columbus Plaza 5 community for more than 13 years, and is the world's largest Catholic 06510 New Haven, CT 4253 (203) 752- organization. service Marist College Institute for Public Founded in is a 1978, The Marist College Institute for Public Opinion (MIPO) Opinion College in New Poughkeepsie, York. The Marist survey research center at Lee M. Miringoff, PhD priorities, on public Marist Poll has conducted independent research Barbara L. Carvalho, PhD elections, and a wide variety of social issues. The Marist Poll regularly College Marist partners with NBC News and scientific to conduct Journal Street The Wall 3399 North Road public It joins with NPR opinion polls in key electoral battleground states. Poughkeepsie, NY 12601 575- (845) 5050 . the of to take the pulse and PBS NewsHour country

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