Araceae of the Flora of La Planada (Part 1)

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1 30 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, Flora the La Planada, Nariiio of of Araceae Reserva 1) Department, Colombia (Part Thomas Croat B. Missouri Botanical Garden St. MO 63166-0299 299, Box P.O. Louis, [email protected] Pu Huang University Washington 63130 Louis, St. MO [email protected] Lake Jeffrey College Grinnell Grinnell, 50112 IA [email protected] Carla Koste1ac v. Botanical Garden Missouri 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299 Box P.O. [email protected] herrerae Croat one addition, In Huang. P. & ABSTRACT Castano & Croat martae Anthurium species, of Reserve the The Planada La Flora being by status new Rubiano, has achieved Narino located Department, Colom- the in renamed and elevated status. species to with Araceae of taxa 71 taxa 37 bia, contains new science: variety), to one (including KEYWORDS Croat, Anthurium benavidesae bernalii A. gerher- Croat, chucunesense Croat, A. A. Araceae, Colombia, La Planada, Narino Croat, Croat, gracilistipum A. A. rerae new species. Department, herrerae & P. Huang, A. keatingii Croat P. & Croat, Huang, A. lancea A. lakei Croat INTRODUCTION Croat, melampyi Sodiro var. ecostatum A. A. & Croat, A. nest01pazii Huang, P. Croat The La Planada, a 3,200 hectare biolog- Croat, pendulispadix A. Croat, A. pazii in ical the Municipio of Ricaurte in reserve A. Croat, protrudens A. Croat, planadense Narii'lo at located is Colombia, of Dept. restrepoae A. Croat, A. ricaurtense Croat, Reserve 01°08'N, 77°04'W. The was estab- bogneri Chlorospatha Croat, terracolum of the World with lished the assistance Hannon, Croat & L. P. C. Croat planadensis to promote 1982 conserva- Fund Wildlife ricaurtensis C. Hannon, P. L. & P. L. & Croat community appropriate and tion develop- Hannon, Phil- Croat, planadensis Monstera ment in the region. It is operated by the odendron aurantispadix fibrosum P. Croat, para Educaci6n Superior and is Fundaci6n Sodiro ex. Croat, P. narinoense Croat, P. Colombian foreign and by used regularly planadense Croat, P. prominulinervium students graduate The researchers. and verrucapetio- P. Croat, puhuangii P. Croat, is Reserve the with mapped Holdridge Life lum P. Croat, Rhodospatha herrerae Croat & Premontane as System Zone wet and forest Stenospermation benavidesae Huang, Croat, elevation m. ranges in from 1,300-2,100 Croat, gentryi S. Croat, long- S. laevis S. Most of the collections in this study were ispadix S. Croat, Croat, Xanthosoma olgae made in the vicinity of the main camp and

2 31 T. KOSTELAC, 2009 C. LAKE, HUANG,]. P. CROAT, B. V. is Gerardo Herrera, a Costa Rican these elevations between at trails associated its botanist Planada who worked at La with are m 1,700-1,900 additional species so Jens Bittner on a small transect project. He likely made to tum are up in time as trails November worked from 1996 until May further the into Reserve. The forest canopy While 1997. spent senior author only the a at La Planada is relatively low, with trees total of field- separate two in days 12 about mostly less The understory than m 20 tall. trips July 26-28 in 6954~69672 (Croat vegetation is that even denser at found than 71466-71492, 7113~71407, Croat 1988; Valle in Calima Bajo Department Co- of 7157~ col- 71584 in March 7-19, 1990) 1992) (Croat, lombia also Croat (see et al., at lecting I left Planada, La reasonably larger 2006; a and 2008) 2007; much I that certain had of most the collected percentage in rotting species the of occur Herrera occurred there. that species and accumulated has that debris ground. the on collected Bittner astonishing of number an contrast In is Calima, Bajo to which that three including Araceae see not I did La at the hot, quite generally temperature new Herrera. after named were that species tem- with substantially is Planada cooler, Other contributors Bittner Jens include Celsius. 22° to 12° peratures averaging at from was La who Planada employed rains clear, usually are Though mornings 1995 the FES until October October 1999 by generally begin late by afternoon, at Bajo as Foundation associated researcher, as first Calima, the through continue and night. later for coordinator as research the and Average annual precipitation is more than responsible program. was He conservation mm. heavy, 4,430 rarely is rainfall Although friend, his getting for Herrera to Gerardo is and cloudy region the with beset often come to Planada. La Jens also made many rainy conditions that may persist for weeks collections Araceae at La Planada includ- of at a time. The soil perhaps out. dries never ing An of the generic assisted inventory Monstera planadense. He also representa- pictures by sending tion of he took Antburium of Araceae that is Reserve Planada La the at La Planada. Nestor Paz, the of formerly with species, 43 taxa, Cblorospatba, 3 del Valle (CUYC) also made Universidad 11 2 species, Monstera, Pbilodendron, collections important pazii Antburium and species, Rbodospatba, Stenosper- species, 2 Antburium nestorpazii Croat Croat are and malion, 9 Xantbosoma and species 3 with named The of novelties is high then Restrepo, Carla honor. his in percentage species. with an undergraduate student associated with new to considered species the of 43% Regiona Autonoma Corporacion the high The rate of endemism is with 9 de science. at Cauca-CVC, La studying species endemic to La Planada Planada worked the or immediate birds area collected around In and while there also plants, Planada. La including the addition Antburium (5 9 species Antbur- restrepoae. unnamed Stenospermation) 4 and ium The likely be not should collectors also earliest are de forgotten either and include Olga to region. endemic to be common Some the aroid genera Mike notably altogether, Benavides, are missing and Gentry Al Melampy. Both and Benavides de Olga Mel- Mike including Homa- Dieffenbacbia, Caladium, them in the have interesting is It Spatbipbyllum. and species ampy named for lomena Benavides de Olga Planada. La of Flora of note that the flora is area montane this to originated La Planada and it that flora aroid the from distinct so is my lowland work at understanding station field original the that not the a single species at La Planada created was family's her on then was what Reserve is present in the aroid florulas of property. the Universi- Bajo a botanist at Calima (Croat et al., 2006, Olga, 2007, 2008) Curator the of and Pasto in Nariflo de dad and near Valle Buenaventura Dept. in PSO earliest of the most made Herbarium, at located elevations near sea level. collections of has two and made be should species, Antbur- Special mention ium Croat Stenosperma- and benavidesae who made a significant several collectors in named Croat, benavidesae tion her contribution to understanding of the the La of Foremost among Planada. honor. Araceae

3 32 AROIDEANA, 32 Vol. TO GENERA ARACEAE IN LA PLANADA KEY OF 1. uniform; (both sexes present in each flower). flowers Spadix hermaphroditic terrestrial. 2. Plants 3. conspicuous reticulate venation; spathe persistent, typically Leaf blades with condition. . ... Anthurium fruiting into even blades usually with strictly parallel venation; spathe usually deciduous 3. Leaf anthesis (persisting in Stenospermation gentryi). immediately after very lateral or at least lacking inconspicuous; interprimary 4. Primary veins minor veins sometimes present but not in and order of descending veins Stenospermation magnitude. ... a lateral prominent Primary with veins descending order of 4. and veins present between each pair of interprimary lateral primary veins. . Rhodospatha ... epiphytic Plants or 2. hemiepiphytic. prominent Stenospermation lateral veins ... lacking 5. Blades primary prominent primary lateral veins. Blades 5. with persistent; 6. prominently emerging from the fruiting Spathe berries Anthurium ... spadix. . usually deciduous; Spathe not conspicuously emergent, merely 6. berries loosening falling and free. 7. banana-like, usually oblong-elliptic, entire and not perforated; Blades cochleate. . Rhodospatha seeds ... typically perforate Blades pinnately lobed, rarely oblong-elliptic 7. or then usually not at all but seeds large, subglobose . banana-like; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Monstera female Spadix into male 1. divided portions. and 8. Plants terrestrial. 9. Stems caulescent, typically with a conspicuous, erect stem; sap not noticeably aromatic; blades with reticulate venation, thin with several and collective the along margin veins of the blade; sap milky. slender, often very elongated and contained usually 10. Peduncle within sheath anthesis; petiolar at without a well slender spathe developed spathe tube. . ... Chlorospatha Peduncle thick, short, not ensheathed for 10. of its length in petiolar most sheath; typically with a thickened spathe tube that is usually spathe stout at apex and well differentiated from the spathe constricted . blade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Xanthosoma turpentoid Stems creeping rhizome; sap 9. a smell; pistils many and closely with lacking and subcoriaceous, with venation blades compacted; parallel veins along margin collective the blade; dark usually turning the of sap black. . ... Philodendron brown or plants epiphytic or hemiepiphytic, 8. parts usually lacking milky sap; vegetative intact after persistent spathe venation; blades with usually subcoriaceous parallel anthesis. a berry, usually with INFRUCTESCENCE many small, more or less . ... Philodendron or seeds. tan elongated whitish LEA usually commonly YES lanceolate; usually Herbs, Schott, Anthurium epi- sheathed petioles apex; near clustered rocks; on or terrestrial sometimes phytic, geniculate variable apex, at base, near short, usually and STEMS internodes rarely elongate cataphylls scandent; and blades diversely cross-sectional shape;

4 T. B. P. HUANG,]. LAKE, C. v. KOSTELAC, 2009 CROAT, 33 peduncle at an oblique angle; spadix and or lobed to shaped, simple entire usually variously tapered, slightly uniform, pri- the compoundly net-veined, divided, protogy- perfect, Flowers colored. usually lateral and veins veins often basal mary nous, tepals aggregated in spirals; closely 4, the along vein a collective forming margin, triangular cucullate and at apex, mostly basal the into united often veins a posterior 2-celled; pistils pistil; covering simple, glandular- sometimes surfaces the rib; usually stigma depression; slit-like sta- a punctate INFLO- surfaces. both or one on mens filaments exserted; weakly usually 4, usu- peduncle node; per one RESCENCE anthers flattened; broader thecae long, than usually spathe flat, persis- ally elongate; colored, variously berries usually ovoid; usually free tent, usually anthesis, before 2-seeded, exserted at maturity, usually erect reflexed, to sometimes to spreading or more seeded. sometimes 4 on lanceolate, usually hooding, inserted TO SPECIES ANTHURIUM IN LA PLANADA KEY OF conspicuously sagittate or cordate at the base. Blades lobed, 1. more or 2. scandent (or at least with internodes much longer than Plants less internodes 4 cm long or more, the stems not closely appressed with short broad); internodes. 3. drying reddish brown or blackened, the surfaces usually semiglossy Blades cm on surface); cataphylls less than 6 lower long and persisting intact (at least herrerae) or 9-13 cm long, persisting intact and drying black or (A. sometimes deciduous, as thin fibers at upper nodes. persisting fibers Cataphylls or 4. only a few fine deciduous persisting at nodes; with blades drying dark brown to blackened, sometimes with the anterior lobe constricted midway; part of plant ever visibly infected with a fungus . no A. nigrescens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eng!. persisting 4. nodes (may be broken off toward apex); intact at Cataphylls blades blackened, usually medium yellow-brown); all parts drying never fungal infected with pustules A. Croat & P. Huang ... herrerae matte drying Blades to greenish brown, light to velvety on upper 3. brown more or less matte below; cataphylls surface, cm long, persisting light 10-27 brown tan, semi-intact at upper nodes, sometimes scarcely fibrous but or closely persisting network of pale fibers a loose appressed to the usually as eventually deciduous ... . A. martae Croat stem, Castano Rubiano & 2. terrestrial or appressed-climbing epiphytes with internodes Plants short, about as long as broad. commonly 5. Leaf blades matte and velvety above. 6. Blades primary lateral veins sunken on upper surface. with Blades narrowly to triangular ovate, only weakly 7. ovate-elliptic base. . ... A. alluriquinense Croat cordate at Blades ovate-cordate, conspicuously cordate at base. 7. punctate below; primary lateral Cataphyll blades vaguely 8. intact; ... per side; spadix white A. esmeraldense Sodiro less veins than 8 8. Cataphyll soon fibrous; blades epunctate below; primary lateral 15 per side; spadix bluish green or maroon. veins more than drying 9. ca. 75 cm long, to green; posterior rib naked Blades part less than 4 cm; spadix bluish green ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. Sodiro pulverulentum Blades usually less 9. 55 cm long, drying red-brown; than posterior rib naked more than 6 cm; spadix maroon. part Croat .. . ... A. planadense . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 AROIDEANA, 32 Vol. 34 Blades with lateral veins raised on upper surface. 6. primary 10. Leaf frequently more than 70 cm long; spadix drying blade brown, brown anthesis ... A. umbraculum Sodiro yellowish at greenish to drying green, less than 70 cm 10. spadix purplish at Leaf blade long; . A. martae Croat & Castano Rubiano ... anthesis blades glossy to semiglossy 5. upper surface. Leaf on Calomystrium). intact (Sect. Cataphylls 11. persisting not conspicuously glandular-punctate. 12. Blades dark upon at with raised above, lateral least primary Blades 13. veins drying. Spathe more 14. elliptic, than 3 cm wide; or more less posterior rib moderately and not or scarcely prominent along sinus; primary naked veins acutely raised on lateral lower 5 or more pairs; lower blade surface of surface, plant very plants never visibly infected with fresh glossy; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fungus. A. Sodiro esmeraldense 14. Spathe more oblong-lanceolate, less than 1.5 or less cm posterior rib weak and marginal to sinus; lower wide; of fresh plants at most semiglossy; all parts of surface infected pustules. fungus plant . ... . with ... herrerae Croat & P. Huang · . A. Blades with primary lateral veins etched, not at all raised 13. ... sp. above unknown #1 (Calomystrium) A. Blades punctate. 12. conspicuously Blades drying grayish ... 15. sp. unknown #2 (ef. A. riparium) A. 15. Blades drying dark brown ... . A. ricaurtense Croat 11. Cataphylls fibers persisting as or deciduous. glandular-punctate, with Blades 16. dark more of basal veins or two pairs the apex and with closely parallel veins interconnecting extending to veins; the oblong ... A. ovatifolium Engler basal spadix veins or more basal extending to the two epunctate, Blades 16. lacking and lacking closely parallel veins interconnecting the basal apex spadix veins; slightly tapered. at least with base. veins all free to the Blades 17. basal Blades many closely-spaced primary lateral veins, 18. with ... . light brown; spadix sessile drying olive to ... longicaudatum Engler A. · Blades generally with fewer than 10 primary lateral veins, 18. ... black; spadix usually conspicuously stipitate drying · ... lancea var. ecostatum Croat A. at Blades veins united into a posterior rib for basal least 17. with distance from the midrib. some Blades with more than 17 pairs 19. primary of veins. lateral Primary upper veins raised in valleys on 20. lateral surface; 70-130 cm long ... . A. melampyi Croat blades 20. Primary lateral veins deeply sunken on upper surface; 55-70 cm long ... A. bemalii Croat (-80) blades 19. with primary lateral veins fewer Blades than 12. 21. Spathe enclosing or prominently hooding the spadix anthesis, with the spadix turned down- at ward; leaf blades drying dark brown; spadix pink, red or purplish violet at anthesis.

6 T. B. P. HUANG, J. LAKE, C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 CROAT, 35 22. with collective veins arising from Leaf blades base near the benavidesae A. ... Croat . collective from arising 22. Leaf veins blades with pairs the uppermost of from the basal veins or veins. primary lateral ovate, less 23. 12 cm narrowly Spathe than 5 cm wide, 1.7 times long than and longer greenish outside and hood- wide, cream spadix violet, less spadix; ing purplish cm long, ca. 1 cm wide ... . than 10 nestorpazii A. & P. Huang . . . . . . . Croat Spathe or less lanceolate, 30 cm 23. more 9.5-10.5 cm wide, 2.8 long, longer times and parallel red, erect than bright broad, spadix; to red, 30.5 cm long, spadix bright diam. dried. . ... midway when cm 3 Croat protrndens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. not enclosing 21. at anthesis, oblong- Spathe spadix ca. 4.8 times longer lanceolate, than broad; spadix or medium green to whitish at yellow-green anthesis A. versicolor Sodiro ... Blades conspicuously cordate at base. 1. not Blades dark glandular-punctate at least on the lower blade surface. 24. scandens Blades less than 8 cm long ... A. scandens ssp. 25. usually 25. Blades usually more than 10 cm long. 26. Stems with internodes much longer than broad ... A. pendulispadix Croat 26. Stems internodes short, typically broader than long. with Leaf blades two or more pairs of basal veins. 27. with ovate 29-53 subcordate, Blades cmlong, more than 28. to wide ... . A. ovatifolium Engler 18 cm Blades more or less elliptic, 10-25 cm long, less than 18 cm 28. wide. 29. lateral veins ca. 19 pairs, prominent, inner Primary . collective mm from the margin 2-4 (complete) vein A. keatingii Croat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Primary lateral veins 6-8 pairs, 29. as prominent and not scarcely prominent than interprimary veins, more innermost vein collective 6-12 mm from the margin. 30. Leaf blades equilateral and acute at the base, of collective veins running elliptic; outer pair to margin from the lower 1/3 of the close the and extending all the way to the apex. . blade ... A. unknown #3 sp. Leaf to inequilateral and rounded 30. weakly blades subcordate base; outer pair of collective veins at merging with the margin in the lower Y4 of blade and not extending to the apex close apparently the margin; spadix narrowly long-tapered to 12.5 cm long (spadix unknown in A. sp. un- known #4) 31. Leaf blades less than 16 cm long; collective veins less than 9 mm from margin; second-

7 36 AROIDEANA, 32 Vol. (outermost) collective usually less ary vein long than with the before 3 cm merging on side the subcordate present only margin, restrepoae Croat ... blades of A. more than 21 cm 31. collective Leaf blades long; mm from the 9 more veins than usually veins usually collective margin; secondary 4 cm long more merging with the than before present margins, sides both blade. . of on the sp. #4 . A. ... unknown blades with one pair of basal 27. Leaf veins. Blades 32. more elliptic. less or vein 1-2 mm 33. the margin; inflorescence Collective from shorter than equal to the or ... A. umbricola Engler foliage 33. vein Collective mm from margin; inflorescence 3-7 the the height significantly exceeding . ... of foliage. the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. chucunesense Croat . oblong to oblong-elliptic. 32. Blades with Inflorescence very slender 34. spadix needle- almost and drying, narrowly and upon pointed at apex; acutely like ca. flowers long in direction 4 mm of axis on drying.A. the Croat pazii with spadix slender Inflorescence not at all needle-like 34. but drying, not narrowly and acutely pointed upon apex; at flowers cm long 1.3-1.7 P. . lakei ... & A. Huang Croat 24. Blades epunctate. 35. Internodes very short, usually broader than long. 36. Blades to oblong-elliptic; leaf vernation involute (both oblong inrolled in margins A. ... carchiense bud) Croat to subcordate; ovate vernation supervolute Blades 36. leaf (one margin the inrolled inrolled around with other enveloping in the and it direction. opposite Blades to over 37. cm long, 30 cm wide, much longer than 75 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . broad. al/uriquinense Croat A. Blades less 40 cm long, not oblong. 37. than Blades at least subcordate, drying olive-green; sinus 38. usually to 8 cm deep; primary up veins, closely spaced, up lateral to least 15 pairs ... A. longicaudatum Engler at Blades seldom subcordate, drying blackened; sinus seldom 38. exceeding 2 cm deep; primary lateral veins, not closely fewer than spaced, ... Croat lancea var. ecostatum 10 pair A. usually longer than broad. 35. Internodes Blades more than 12.5 cm 39. wide. 40. moderately coriaceous, the surface moderately smooth, Blades 0 blackened; lateral veins arising at drying primary in the 70-80 middle of the blade; berries red. . ... A. anchicayense Croat 40. Blades thin, the surface somewhat bullate, drying moderately 0 grayish yellow-green; primary lateral veins arising at to 55-60 angle in the middle of the blade; berries greenish. . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . membranaceum Sodiro A. 39. wide. less than 12 cm Blades

8 T. B. P. HUANG,]. LAKE, C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 CROAT, 37 41. to narrowly ovate, usually less than 2.5 times longer Blades ovate (the broad of some plants to 3 times longer narrowest than blades broad). than than usually much shorter with the spadix 42. stipe Inflorescences lower the on yellow-green gray-green drying blade proper; to surface; blades mostly acute to obtuse or rounded, rarely 43. Leaf at mostly abruptly long-acumi- subcordate base, weakly apex, lower dried blade surface pale grayish nate at smooth, yellow, with the tertiary moderately semiglossy obscure, spadix typically long-stipitate, veins mostly . ... the toward tapered narrowly apex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. longegeniculatum Eng!. Leaf blades subcordate at the base, gradually short- 43. at apex; dried lower blade surfaces acuminate lower matte the tertiary veins raised; gray-green, with medium ... . scarcely spadix only weakly stipitate, tapered ... A. sp. unknown # 5 · Inflorescences with stipe usually much longer than the spadix 42. leaf usually proper; drying yellow-brown gray-green to blade on one or surface other yellow-green lateral with 44. primary blade veins scarcely easily Leaf the . ... at apex long-acuminate distinguishable, abruptly ... gracilistipum Croat · A. Leaf blades 44. primary lateral veind clearly visible with on lower surface, usually gradually acuminate at apex. . . . · ... terracolum Croat A. 2.5 times longer than wide. Blades than oblong, more 41. usually ... . A. microspadix Sodiro minutely Blades 45. bullate not bullate. 45. Blades drying sub- Blades or weakly-coriaceous; 46. red-brown, ... . A. mindense Sodiro maroon, orange, purple spadix or Blades drying green, only 46. coriaceous to membra- thinly nous; greenish. spadix Leaf blades semiglossy 47. drying lower surface; the on venation prominently raised tertiary on lower of 2-4 mm mar- within veins surface; collective ... subcarinatum Eng!. A. gin Leaf blades 47. matte on the lower surface; drying surface; lower on raised tertiary venation scarcely vein blades with collective mm from margin ... 4-8 Engler A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . tenuifolium Croat, Aroi- aUurlquinense Anthurlum (holotype, MO- Davidson S. 95987 31:25-42. 2008. Type: ECUA- deana isotypes F, AAU, B, COL, 5971382-3; Along Pichincha: from DOR. road old QCNE, US). K, NY, Domingo Santo Colorados to los de with Terrestrial; juvenile plants inter- Juan, San Quito via Chiriboga and petioles with long 8 cm to nodes 20-25 cm Unfon kmNEofLa and Rio Pilaton, 10.9 sul- and obscurely narrowly terete, long, 17 00018'21"S, 78°53'03''W, 1,233 m, green, cate to flattened adaxially, medium 2006, Davidson & C. Croat, B. T. Mar

9 38 AROIDEANA Vo l. 32 , 71584). 1. -d. Anthw'iwn alhl1 ' iquin Fig . Croat. (Croat a a. Hab i t. b. L eaf bl ade, ense adax ia l surf ace. c. Ste m sh ow in g cata phy ll s a nd bas e o f p e tio les. d. In f ru ctesce n ce sh ow in g spadix .

10 P. T. LAKE, c. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 B. CROAT, HUANG,]. 39 wavy, usually reflexed, sometimes margins 8- cm 20-30 long, semiglossy; blades twisted prominently cm undulate or along 11 the wide; adult internodes short 1.8- 4 cm diam.; semi- dark cataphylls brown, cylindroid, long, spadix 5-15 cm margins; .5-1.2 dark to pinkish diam., cm violet- semi- loose, with but intact at apex, purple. Flowers organized, red-brown fibers lower primary spiral, on 6--8 on stem, wide; mm 1.4-1.7 long, nun 1.5-2.0 cm long; petioles 75-107 (-142) cm the 6--8 at diam. mm 5-8 semiglossy, to cm), 93.2 (averaging long tepals glossy becoming glossy, weakly green, medium middle, brownish; emergent. pistils early INFRUC- moderately flexible, and long, cir- cm 17-24 TESCENCES 22-27 mm many-ribbed sulcate cumferentially, sharply C-shaped, diam. with partly emergent; berries berries narrow, margins, acute-raised bluntly with mm exserted, ovate, acute at apex, 8-10 at apex, 4-5 nun diam., long, pointed many-ribbed circumferentially or some- in apical bright red white 1/2- below; 3/5, times acutely ridged along one side near side faintly 3-ribbed, the opposite the base, long, 4-5 mm 3 mm seeds greenish white, wide, sticky short a with thick 2 nun dark semiglossy, medium to green, drying appendage. to brown; light dark to ovate blades Anthurium alluriquinense ranges from triangular-ovate, ovate-elliptic to narrowly Colombia at apex, caudate-acuminate cm (-78) 36-58 (Carchi, (Nariflo) to Ecuador (-42) 18-33 long, 50 X cm wide (averaging of elevations at 740- EI Pichincha, Oro) 1.6-2.6 times longer than wide, cm), .4- 27 1,800 Lower m in Premontane wet forest, times as long .8 petiole, subcoriaceous, as moist forest, montane Lower montane wet forest forest. semiglossy and mostly has to wet Montane and matte-sub- It green dark velvety to paler slightly above, moderately espe- been collected Province Pichincha in cially on In the slopes of Volcan Pichincha. paler to and almost matte to weakly glossy subcoriaceous; below, semiglossy from anteri- area the of known is only it Colombia 31-48 lobe or at and Ricaurte near Rio Nambi the margins long, cm (-72) it is lobes 6-10 cm long, posterior Planada La apparently At A1taquer. convex; cm rare, 11-14 directed often having inward, wide, along been the only collected trail to speci- one for (except Hondon EI directed overlapping, toward base, 4- men with location It label). on specific no sinus wide; cm 8-13 long, cm 10 triangular, has must be noted, however, that this trail 5-7 basal veins rairs, deep; cm 2-8 not free to base, on occasion 4t and normally been time to due explored thoroughly th this thus, constraints; species may be more collective all 1 cm, 5 about join at fused in particular area. that abundant vein; midrib rounded and paler narrowly above, convex at base bluntly becoming Poly- sect. of member a is species This neurium. round-raised paler and apex, acute toward It is characterized by green- its ribs drying, ovate, subcordate blades narrowly acute marginal with below or many- often be- ribbed below, acutely 5-ridged lateral with primary veins numerous but low; primary lateral veins 13-15 (-20) especially to free for its veins basal mostly its base, veins the primary lateral prominent offset, arising usually pairs at 20-45 (-60)°, deeply are which and above raised and slightly to deeply sunken concolorous sunken knife-like above, round-raised to raised knife-like below, the spathe and reddish with margins broadly-undulate frequently collective below; vein paler slightly and from arising lowermost basal vein, 3-4 mm stubby red, and the bright spadix with pistils. prominently protruding and veins weak tertiary from margin; obvious more are some above, sunken easily Anthurium alluriquinense is most below. or erect INFLORESCENCES erect- confused with A. longicaudatum, which spreading; peduncle (10-) 25-57 long, cm differs in having smaller, more ovate blades, more closely lateral to brown; typically dries diam., mm 27 spaced primary spathe 4.5-8 cm long, 1.0-1.5 cm diam., This and less prominent basal lobes. veins, almost white, tinged with pale green to species holds considerable similarity to a number maroon or purple on Polyneur- surface, the of other species of sect. inner

11 40 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, and Colombia, but the than ium times 1.9-2.3 wide, than longer from Ecuador important more or one in each differs from weakly to petioles, matte subcoriaceous, above, and dark green subvelvety glossy, cordulatum A. and cusPidi- A. aspects. moderately semiglossy paler and below, ferum rather obtuse with blades have both to drying dark brown and signifi- above than subcordate long, and bases than and midrib convex cantly paler below; oreophilum also differs tapered spadices. A. or concolorous more narrowly above, less and also tapered spadix, having a long, in 3-ribbed pri- below; weakly and convex blades than considerably more ovate has veins mary lateral flat to weakly quilted A. paucineroium. A. of praealtum those above, departing at midrib (60-) 70-80°, very similar blades, but has again has a scarcely individually more above, visible inflorescence. tapered much longer, more col- conspicuous and round-raised below, Additional seen: COLOMBIA. specimens vein lective arising from of one the first Narifto: road, Tumaco-Tuquerres Ricaurte, lateral veins, .6-1.8 primary mar- cm from Nov Gentry 1981, 25 m, W of Junin, 900 gin. erect; te- INFLORESCENCE peduncle Along to El Hond6n trail 34963 (MO, PSO); rete, 13-36 6.5-12 spathe long; cm cm 01°06'N, at Quebrada El Tej6n, beginning 6-12 long, mm wide, medium green, dry- 1,800 77°53'W, Mar 19 m, 1990, Croat 71584 lanceolate, brown, dark to ing at spreading (CHOCO, 01 PSO); MO, HUA, °08'N, prominently 90° angle or reflexed; spadix 780-800 77°54'W, m, 15 Mar 1990, 71489 long, cm 19-25 4- slightly tapered, (MO, PSO); 01°18'N, 78°04'W, 1,100- near mm 3-4 base, at diam. middle, mm 5 PSO); 20 m, 71645 1,130 Mar 1990, (MO, 2-3 mm apex, nonstipitate, green to at 78°01'W, 01°05'N, Jan 7 et at. Gentry 1988, (turning age), in brown green yellowish 60559 PSO). El (MO, Carehi: ECUADOR. per matte. Flowers rhombic, 2-4 visible .. 6 km W of bridge over Rio Chical Chical- mm long, 2.1-3.8 1.3- principal spiral, 00059'Ol"N, m, 1,350 78°11'37"W, 1,350 m, mm tepal lateral 2.9 wide, sides straight, 8 Aug Croat 2004, G. & Ferry 93091 (MO, 1.9-2.2 anthers mm long, .4-.8 mm wide; QCNE); G. 93108 Croat Ferry 2004, 9 Aug & yellow. berries with INFRUCTESCENCES on, Pail El QCNE); (MO, below km 45 ca. red broader apex, at blunt maturity, at than Maldonado along a foot path to Tobar long; long, seeds locule, per 1 mm 4 ca. Donoso, & Madison 1979, Nov 29 m, 800 greenish, ca. 2 mm mm long, 15 diam.; (SEL). Besse 7182 gelatinous, clear, mesocarp sweet. Anthurium known only anchicayense is Croat, Aroi- anchicayense Anthurium Colombia from slopes of the the on western Type: COLOM- 2003. 26:2-4. deana to 1,100 (250-) from Cordillera Occidental BIA. Valle: 20 km W of Borrera elevation, Narino and Valle in in 1,450 m old km W of El Salado, off Ayerbe, 7 Depts. is in expected be to adjacent It 28 km W of Road, Cali-Buenaventura Ecuador in CarchL In Narino it occurs in an junction with new Cali-Buenaventura area The species of Premontane wet forest. Highway, 03°33"10'N 76°45"45'W, understorey dense shade full in occurs in 1,400-1,420 28 Croat 1976, Aug m, were collections near streams. Flowering iso- MO-2395616; (holotype, 38632 March. in made in December and late types JAUM, NY, F, COL, US). K, B, anchicayense is Anthurium character- Terrestrial, internodes 3- semi-erect; by internodes ized elongate its and the medi- matte, diam., cm .8-1.8 long, cm 14 elliptic, dark-brown drying blades broadly gray- um to gray-green, becoming green with lateral primary inconspicuous veins. brown. dark drying brown, YES LEA with species This A. is apparently related to 16-20 cm long (averaging petioles differing from in latter the guayaquilense weakly bluntly subterete, cm), 18.5 sulcate, being subvelvety rather on semiglossy than at swollen geniculum; 26- blades elliptic, blades the upper blade surface, in having long, cm 43.5 cm (averaging wide 12.5-20 elliptic rather than generally oblanceolate, 37.6 2.1-2.2 cm), 16.8 times X longer cm and in having veins departing the midrib at

12 41 T. CROAT , P. H UANG , j. LAK E, C. V. KO STELA C, 2009 B. . ,. ,I , . :., . .•. t , .'\ '" . \ __ , n _,,~ . ... ~,'_ ,,,, . .. "~ ... . , ... ,"" ., . ... ,... .. " , , . ". .•• ... ... ;-. "U·~tl '.It" _, Fig. 2. a- Co Anthurium anchicayense Croa t. a. H ab it. (Croa t 38632). b. He rbarium speci s h me n ow ing l eaf blade. (H errera 9667). c, Inflor esce n ce sh ow in g s pathe a nd Croat. spad x. (Croa t 71665 ) . d. Antlnt1'ium chucunesense i ( Lut eyn 1 3922) . d . Herbarium specimen.

13 42 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, angle rather than at a 40- semi- remaining epidermis, of usually fragments a 70-80° much the oc- guayaquilense Anthurium angle. 50° the of length of organized for stem; (averaging petioles 60-168 cm long curs also in same Valle Cauca in the del diam. 8-12 mm at middle, firm, cm), 116 species the but two have region general terete, sulcate, sometimes medium weakly never been found and A. guaya- together drying dark semiglossy, brown, green, occurs m, 100 to level sea quilense from folded smooth, terete, matte, slightly lon- whereas anchicayense 250 from occurs A. 2-3.5 geniculum gitudinally; long, cm to 1,400 m. on drying, slightly shrunk- scarcely visible Additional COLOMBIA. seen specimens blades ovate-sagittate, acuminate at en; Narino: 37"N, °09' 01 Planada, La sagittate apex, at base with conspicuously 077°59' (PSO); 9667 Herrera G. 13"W, turned the prominently lobes inward and Junfn, Barbacoas, Corregimiento de long, overlapping, cm 46-125 cm 28-84 m, 1,200 5 Dec 55"W, 01°39'21"N, 078°09' X 55 cm), 1.1-1.6 times wide 76 (averaging (MO, 7636 Benavides 1986, RIO PSO); .44-.94 (averaging wide than longer 1.32), Corregimiento Vereda Nambf: EI Altaquer, petioles, as as times moderately long m, 1,325 4 Dec 78°08'W, Barro1°18'N, green coriaceous, dark and semiglossy al. et Betancur J. 1993, 4698 (MO); 4515 matte almost and moderately paler above, (COL, MO); 01°18'N, 78°08'W, 1,325 m, 1 margins undulate; sometimes below; ante- Dec 1993, (COL); 7 P. Franco et al. 4712 cm rior lobe 33-102 long, averaging 1993, Dec (COL); (COL), 5033 5007 59.3 cm, broadly rounded along margins; of W 7 km Junfn, and Altaquer Between posterior lobes cm long, 11.3- 15-44 78°04'W, Nambf, Rio Altaquer, 1°18'N, than sinus 32 wide; broader closed, cm 1,100 m, Croat 1990, Mar 71665 21 (MO, narrowly deep; cm 13.5-35 long, midrib Las Isidro, San PSO); Cruces, Cabeceras rounded and slightly paler above, narrowly a de dan que Quebrada Hondonadas paler below; and rounded moderately m, 1,600 78°00'09", 01°1O'18"N, 5 Corcuel, nd b "t 1 veins 7-9 (2 ) free to the basal pair, Jun, 1997, Herrera & J. Bittner 9667 G. for base, the remainder variously coalesced (PSO). ECUADOR. Carchi: Vicinity of 13-18.5 cm, these of 5-6 acroscopic, 2-3 Chical Penas km N of EI 6.6 along Blancas, basiscopic; posterior rib prominent, trail to Tobar Donoso, 00058'38"N, naked cm, for 13-18.5 markedly curved, Feb 18 m, 2005, Croat, 078°11'53"W, 1,100 markedly surfaces veins lateral primary QCNE). & S. Davidson 94925 (MO, C. 5-7 quilted, at midrib departing side, per to vein, collective ascending angle, 45-50° benavidesae Anthurium Croat sp. nov. in deep slightly and acute bluntly paler Type: COLOMBIA. Narino: La Planada valleys above, below, and paler acute Reserve, 7 km from Chucunes, cloud acute acute above, concolorous and drying forest, 01°05'N, 78°01 'w, 1,800- and moder- veins tertiary below; darker Jan 4 m, 1,850 de o. Gentry, A. 1988, obscure, surface, than darker ately part in Keating P. & Benavides (holo- 60366 collective mostly not raised upon drying; MO-3636083-88; PSO). isotype, type, originating lowermost of one from veins brevia, ad cataphylla Internodia 5 cm; ad veins, basal 2-5 drying from mm margin, cm longa, persistens in fibris tenuibus; 20 raised etched on upper surface, narrowly petiolus longus, 8-12 mm 60-168 cm INFLORESCENCES on surface. lower erect- lamina cm 46-125 ovato-sagittata, diam.; an- spreading; round, short at peduncle cremeus, a longa, 28-84 cm lata; spath elongating thesis, fruit; in long cm 47 to roseus, lata; cm 11 spadix longa, cm 25 outSide, greenish in- pink cream spathe 24 ca. 35 ad mm longus, diam. cm basim. wide, cm 11 cm 25 long, partly side, wrapped inter- spadix, drying brown; around Epiphytic, usually appressed; cm diam.; cataphylls bright or red, rotten turning pink to spadix nodes 5 short, red, pendulous, tapered, weakly stipitate, ca. 20 persist- to brown, reddish long, cm ca. ing with tiny fibers tan parallel closely as 24 cm long, 35 mm diam. at base,

14 LAKE T. , P H UA 'G, J. CROAT , C. V. KOSTELAC , 2009 B. 43 Fig. 3. a- d. An tl nll "iu1n benavid es a e Croat. (C r oat 712 3 6) . a. Habit. b. L eaf bl ad e, a bax ia l surface . c. Stem showi ng cat ap hy ll s and ba se of petio les. d . He rba riu m s p ec im e n s h ow i ng in f ru ctesce nce. (Gently 60366).

15 44 Vo 32 , AHOIDEANA l. a . g. Cr oa t. (Croat 71236). a. Habit. b. Anthurium Fi Anthurium 4. benavidesae ira. 90-10-77). t 74033, C ul tivated at An thura In c, Sod b. Habit o f esmera ld ense (Croa 9337) -d Anthurium gerher rerae Croat. (G . Herrera . . c. Fres h , te d va culti p la nt. c ted spec im e n s h ow in g ste m a nd leaves. d . Fr es h , unm o unt e d s p ec unm e n o un im in oresce nce. ow g infl sh diam. mm d ia m. at 1 middl at mm e , 11 27 t. e r of sec mb es i spec is a me e Th owe vis ib le p e r spir 25 rs 23- a l, l . F ex fro m ap s Belolonchiu.m y it d b ze ni ecog r is nd a , 2. a nd w ide; tepa Is dr y 4-2 g .6 mm lo ng in short i nt ste r edd is h b r ow n i pers nternodes, se bra co nspicuo us ly spa r w n, ly wa r ty d a rk ittate sag - ovate arge l th e fibe rs, ll y taph ca urf ace; urf e r s h o n inn oot sm ace, o n o ute r s es ri- oste ve w ith prom in e ntl y in c ur d p bl ad 111 ls w id e, th e o ute r pa 1.2 - 1.6 latera l te basa obes a nd w ith l veins, pa ir s of 7-9 o r l 2-sid e r m e d, a rg margin th e inn the ma rke d ly c in und e d , ur , ro ri te os n a ke d p ved, o r rib g s tl y he ld st iffl y e r ect mo l eas t up o n dr y in at e ly few th e re lativ a ril y la te ral ve ins prim (5 th e -7 ), g a h e r fo rmin oget s t te pal the of ll ll ect the sin g from ri in s a ve ve i co w ith a pis the ith e w tub p osed; ex y ull f apex til l la r o res- infl ge m ost nd a l veins, basa ower diam. , c ir c ul a r a nd ap p ea r -1 4 mm le 1.2 sty spa m ea cr sh ni ee the th e g th wi ce n ce r g ncl y e ll ia part in p in kish spadix. os be co mpl e te ly bi sected by th e s le nd e r the to e n stigma unk . I NF RUCTESCENCES to ca . s y ll Especia is th e s tra n ge y rth ewo no t 2 c m. , w ith stip e ca. m lo ng , 6 cm di a 45 cm in und t epa ls w hi ch a re he ld aro e tub a berries g; the pistil. ly re d , most by ove rt opped lo n the dri Is in e d co tepa on. nditi Anthurium benavidesae is s imil a r t o the nl y Anthurium benavidesae is kn ow n o ainii rl ci pe a s , es be cham A. known poorly o n ow unkn of n ow kn is ch hi w in a nad a Pl La at a nd g in ri th e loca lity typ e fro m Co l ia (Na riflO ) a t e leva tion s of 1,750- omb a l c ultiv tion ri g in ec a te d co ll th e o o n ly from if te d to spec 111 , in a Premontane e fores t l and draw in g . T hat s pecies was su wet 1,950 zo ne. ed se n co ll ec t bee in Venez ue la beca u have

16 T. C. KOSTELAC, 2009 LAKE, HUANG,]. P. CROAT, B. V. 45 imported Croat sp. nov. Type: Anthurlum material in discovered it was of bernaUi 7 km chamber- Planada, Cattleya COLOMBIA. Narifio: La Anthurium gaskelliana. benavidesae in having from differs lainU A. road the on between Chucunes, above Ricaurte, and Tuquerres regrowth in 20 color the with long cm to the spathe with forest, secondary elements of exter- dull pale, as described puce-colored and forest, primary trail the along and rich deep crimson nally, shining above Posada, La 78°01'W, Olo05'N, internally, bordered by a very narrow line B. T. 1988, July 26 m, Croat 1,780 a narrow edged in turn ivory-white, of by MO-6063781-83; (holotype, 69573 yellow. of In is spathe the addition margin G, AAU, B, COL, CUVC, F, isotypes, wrapped bit least the not concave, merely PSO, RB, GB, HUA, K, M, NY, QCNE, the around the spadix. contrast spathe of In US). VB, SEL, S, and is larger cm long) benavidesae (24 is A. somewhat around spadix wrapped the longa; 5 cm ad cataphylla Internodia is greenish it and beginning enclose to it petiolus fibris; in persistens cm 70-100 chamberlainU a Anthurium has cream. longus, teres; lamina subcoriacea, ovato- whereas cm long and 15 2 cm diam. spadix triangularis, cordata, longa, 55-70 cm a spadix cm 24 about A. benavidesae has 01.3-) cm 27-44 lata, bullata; nervis pri- In and 3.5 cm diam. A. addition long mariis lateralibus 25-30 utroque; (20-) has the collective veins chamberlainii cm lata, cm 1 longa, spatha 12-13 ca. of basal veins first arising from the pair interdum viridis, rubra; spadix suffusa ca. the collective A. benavidesae has whereas diam., purpureus mm 5 cm 22.5-34 longa, lowermost of one originating from vein anthesis. en apex 2- to courses and the veins basal as Terrestrial juvenile or preadult, usually 5 mm from margin. as adult; epiphytic juvenile with plants Anthurium benavidesae is also similar to mm 15-20 cm long, 1-2 petioles diam., from species that differing gualeanum, A. to ovate-triangular, moder- slightly blades primarily in having only a half to as a third cm 15-20 wide; cm 5-9 long, ately cordate, many as veins lateral primary gualea- A. to 5 cm plants adult internodes with num. In addition A. known gualeanum, long, 1.5-4 diam.; cm cataphylls persist- west- on the largely from central Ecuador as bases of nodes, linear upper at intact ing the Andes, slopes ern of has a spathe lower fibers at nodes, 12-16 cm long, surrounds the spadix at completely that tan; medium drying cm 70-100 petioles anthesis. long 73.3 diam. cm),4-7 (averaging at mm The is species named in honor of Dr. terete, maroon; tinged sometimes middle, along who, Benavides de Olga with AI blades ovate-triangular, acuminate at Gentry Phillip Keating, collected the and apex, long, cm 55-81 (25-) at base, cordate of Curator then specimen. type Benavides, wide cm 27-44 X 72.2 (averaging 01.3-) Herbarium del Universidad the at the 35.6 times longer than 1.8-2.2 broad, cm), the in instrumental was Pasto Narifio in the .8-1.0 times longer than petioles, of the La Planada Reserve was and creation or of point above slightly broadest at the among the frrst persons to plants study petiole broadest (sometimes attachment there. below the petiole attachment), subcoria- Ri- Nariiio: Paratypes: COLOMBIA. surfaces drying ceous; bicolorous, slightly La caurte, Planada, 7 km above Chu- surface semiglossy upper medium olive; (on road between Tuquerres and cunes anterior and bullate; lower surface matte; along Ricaurte), along Sendero Vieja, ridge to broadly long, convex 33-65 lobe cm in direction of La Pifla, 01°06'N, top along concave margin; poste- slightly the 1990, Croat Mar 9 m, 1,950-2,010 77°54'W, cm long, 12-20 lobes wide, 13-21 rior cm 71236 (MO, PSO); Trail "La Pina" to or outward; sinus directed either inward 1,850 01°09'37"N, 77°59'13''W, m, Mirador, spathulate to parabolic, 7-10 cm deep, 5- Jul 18 PSO). 2627 Bittner (MO, 1996, 9 cm wide; midrib convex and paler than

17 46 ARO Vo !' 32 I DEANA, l 5. An LiJ urium be rn a l ii Fig. t. (Cma a- d. 69573). a. H ab i t. b . L eaf b la de a dax ia l Croa d . 71328). c. Ste m sh ow in g ca taph y ll s, base of p e ti o les a nd infl o r esce n se . (O'oat ace. surf Infl o r esce nce s h ow 69573). path e a nd sp adix . (C roat in g s

18 V. T. HUANG, J. LAKE, C. P. KOSTELAC, 2009 CROAT, B. 47 above, Croat and paler than surface but bernalii A. to similar is 71328 round-raised with blade a thinner having in differs the pairs, 6-7 veins basal first surface below; with convex conspicuously margins the to free two or one remainder the base, margin. veins much closer to the collective 2-3 cm; naked rib posterior for coalesced Its than ovate more considerably are blades cm; (20-) veins lateral primary 1-2 for most specimens, and its the of rest of the raised per side, sunken above, 25-30 spadix described is purple, deep a being as below; as nearly veins interprimary fitting the not a generally color other col- conspicuous veins; lateral primary as specimen This material. raises questions lective basal of one from arising vein progression concerning the actual color of margin; from all other mm 2-5 veins, not the spadix, which is yet well known. sunken veins prominently above, promi- BenaVides 9699 collected between EI Mar INFLORESCENCES nently raised below. at and La Calladita l°lO'N, 77°58'W, on 30-55 peduncle erect-spreading; (-70) April 30, is 71328 Croat as same the 1988 mm 3-5 long, diam. at middle; spathe cm These collections represent probably two lanceolate, 12-13 cm long, 1 cm wide, another new species. light green; or green, reddish green, The species by Al was first collected spadix green or brownish green, becom- named in Gentry in November 1981. It is anthesis, glossy, weakly before purplish ing honor botanist of Colombian Rodrigo long, narrowly tapered, 22.5-34 cm Hammel, who, Bernal along with Barry middle, mm diam. at diam. near 3.5 5 mm at second the made collection La Planada in per 5-7 Flowers 1 cm from apex. visible Rodrigo, Bromelia- a specialist with 1986. mm wide; mm spiral, 1.7-1.9 long, 2.3-2.5 many ceae, interesting collected has and minutely tepals lateral granular, tepals 1.0- new Colombia. of Araceae in species sided mm wide, the outer margins 3-4 1.3 Nariiio: COLOMBIA. Paratypes: Ri- green, (shield-shaped); pistils acute, early La caurte, Salazar 7 km Finca Planada, to emergent. INFRUCTESCENCES 40 cm above Ricaurte, 01°08'N, 077°58'W, moderately dark green; tepals green long, 35048A Gentry 1981, Nov 26 m, 1,750 in fruit. early PSO); (MO, Tuquerres 7 km - Ricaurte, known now is bernalii Anthurium only Chucunes (on road between Tu- above from (Narino) Colombia and adjacent querres Sendero La and along Ricaurte), 1,450- of elevations at (Carchi), Ecuador 1 Pina", "La to Vieja 7r54'W, 2,010- °06'N, forest. wet Premontane in m, 2,390 2,060 m, 11 Mar 1990, (MO, Croat 71328 member this Polyneurium, A sect. of 1,800 077°58'W, PSO); 01°1O'N, m, 1 Nov moderately its by recognized is species PSO); 14 (COL, MO, 1987, Benavides 8674 fibrous persisting the internodes, short 1987, Nov Sep 26 1989; PSO); (MO, 8884 and especially cataphylls, petioles terete (PSO); 1987, 10889 29 Apr 1988, 2 Nov the ovate-trian- bullate, by conspicuously 8815 11200 26 17 Jan (PSO); (PSO); 1990, slender long, its by as well blades as gular Sep (PSO); 10889 (PSO); 10859 1989, spadix green before which turns purple Isla de (PSO); 55025 Benavides & Gentry frequent quite apparently is It at anthesis. (PSO); 9724 Benavides 1988, 1 May Osos, La several collected been having Planada, Mar-La Calladita, 7r58'W,I,500- EI l°lO'N, throughout by times different the botanists 1988, Apr 29 m, 1,800 9603 Benavides Reserve. Near Olo05'N, 78°01'W, (PSO); Ricaurte, Anthurium to closest is perhaps bernalii & m, Dec 1987, 21 Benavides Gentry, 1,800 another terrestrial pulverulentum, A. mem- de Municfpio PSO); (MO, 59659 P. Keating at La Planada. ber of sect. Cardiolonchium 5 Cuayquer, of S km l°lO'N, Ricaurte, having That longer species in differs 1,750 78°00'W, 1986, Nov Ham- B. 22 m, are transversely fissured, internodes which & mel R. Bernal 15798 (MO, PSO); 30 long, cm which more than cataphylls are 7 1988, Gentry, Jan 78°01'W, Olo05'N, petioles are adaxially several ribbed that (MO, & P. Keating 60531 Benavides and a bluish green spadix. PSO). ECUADOR. Carchi: Espejo, Reserva

19 48 AROIDEANA, Vol. 32 Golondrinas, por Recorrido EI Coraz6n, emergent, orange-red at maturity, narrowly at ovate, apex. acute hasta sendero el La Mi- EI a Cortadera Jan 00050'N, 78°06'w, 2,390 m, rado, 23 Anthurium Co- in found is carchiense lombia (Azuay, Ecuador and (Narifio) 2004, (MO, et al. 4340 Va11?as Homero QCNE). Guayas, Esmeraldas, Carchi, Imbabura, Rfos, Manabf, Pichincha) at elevations Los Premontane in m 550-2,600 of forest, rain Mis- Anthurium carchiense Croat, Ann. wet forest Premontane and dry Premontane 1991. souri Bot. Gard. 78(3):621-2. forest zones. life ECUADOR. Maldo- vic. Carchi: Type: sect. of ser. Pachyneurium, A member nado, 00054"00'N, 78°06"00'W, 1,500- this Multineroium, species is recognized by 1,900 m, Madison 1979, Jan 27 3998 habit, its terrestrial short, densely rooted SEL-027098; isotype, MO- (holotype, stems, more or less oblong-oblanceolate 2925092). obscure veins lateral primary blades with Terrestrial or internodes epiphytic; stubby, spadix. purplish and by its short, As mostly cm 1.5 long, to rarely .5- short, sect. in the only member of Pachyneurium roots light drying numerous, 3 cm diam.; the Flora, with involute it is the only species brown cataphylls drying reddish tan; The vernation. La of Planada material this fibers, as persisting as tan when intact, however, with species, was at variance the or fibers; loosely reticulate closely parallel in surfaces having nearly type matte blade petioles (11-) 27-32 cm long (averaging instead the of typically glossy surface and upon mm diam. drying, 2-5 23.7 cm), having in acute rounded rather than upper terete erect, triangular to or D-shaped, midribs. obscurely sulcate narrowly when and Anthurium carchiense is most easily abaxially when rounded narrowly young, confused with A. Croat obscurineroium adaxially with flattened sharply mature, occurs which the slopes of the western on margins; geniculum slightly sharp erect That differs in species Ecuador. in Andes paler thicker than petiole; and blades D-shaped spadix, having a green petioles oblong-elliptic, broadly acuminate at apex, to purplish and purplish-black berries. 5.5-12 acute base, 29-58(68) cm at long, CO- examined: speCimens Additional 10.2 X 50.2 (averaging wide cm (-18) cm), Nambf, Barbacoas, Narliio: LOMBIA. Rfo or subcoriaceous; middle, near broadest at Vereda Corregimiento EI Barro Altaquer, upper dark green and almost matte; surface 1993, Dec 4 m, 1,325 78°08'W, 01°18'N, lower surface slightly paler and semiglossy; P. Franco, et 01°18'N, (MO); 4867 al. convex when midrib broadly young, 78°08'W, m, 1,325 Franco, P. 1993, 2 Dec flattened age, scarcely paler above, acute in O. Giraldo, W. Beltrim, A. Prieto & D. paler slightly and lateral primary below; et 21371 al. Pipoly j. (MO); 4735 Rivera veins 13-18 per side, departing midrib at 1,850- 13"W, 77°59' 01°09'37"N, (PSO); scarcely 60°-75° angles, raised above, flat 1,950 19 al. et Bittner 1996, Jun 2557 m, darker and than surface below; interprl- (MO, 13"W, 77°59' 01°09'37"N, PSO); veins as conspicuous as mary nearly (MO, 2591 1996, Jun 21 m, 1,850-2,000 primary lateral veins; collective vein 77°59' 01°09'37"N, PSO); 2624 13"W, arising from one of lowermost primary (PSO); 01°09'37"N, 2623 7r59'13"W, margin; from mm 7-10 Finca Ricaurte, above km 7 IN- Salazar (PSO); lateral veins, pedun- FLORESCENCES erect-spreading; 1981, 1,750 77°58'W, m, 29 Nov 01°08'N, Posada, La mm (COL, 35197 Gentry 3-8 long, cm 10-50 cle MO); spathe diam.; 01°05'N, Jul m, 1,780 green, 78°01'W, 26 1988, oblong- reflexed, to erect-spreading CM, COL, CAS, (AAU, 69571 Croat K, spadix less long; 8 cm than lanceolate, US, NY, PSO, QCA, MO, MEXU, SEL, purple, long, cm 5-8 3- dark erect, oblong, Chucunes, YEN); Corregimiento de Ver- pistils wide; mm 5 weakly protruding. tiente Occidental, 01°1O'00"N, 77°58'00"W, cm 14 spadix with INFRUCTESCENCES 1,800 N. 1992, m, 2 Aug (CUYC, 304 Paz, dried; 13 mm diam. early berries long,

20 T. B. , P . H UANG , .J. LAK E, c. V. KOSTE L AC , 2009 CHOAT 49 (Croa Fig. . An thurium carcbiense Croa t. 6. t 69571). a. Ha bit. b. Early stage a-c infl o r esce n ce s howing spathe a nd spadi x. c. Late s tage infl o r esce n ce showin g s path e a nd d. spad Anthurium graci li stipum Croa t. (Croa t 69637). ix . d. Stem sh ow in g l eaves a nd infru ctesce nce.

21 32 50 Vol. AROIDEANA, 1,800 15 Nov m, MO); 01°lO'N, 77°58'W, 7 brevia, Intemodia cata- diam.; mm Sep 27 PSO); (MO, 8908 Benavides 1987, in persistens longa, phylla fibris; 4 cm 2 petiolus 9-11 cm longus, diam.; mm (PSO); Jan 17 1990, 11223 1989, 10944 1 m, 1,800 77°55'OO''W, 01°lO'OO"N, (PSO); lamina vel elliptica ovato-elliptica, 10- 1992, Apr Near (MO, 507 Restrepo PSO); 4-5 cm primariis nervis 12 cm longa, lata; 78°01'W, 0l005'N, 21 m, 1,800 Ricaurte, cm pedunculus utroque; 5-6 35 lateralibus longus, spatha diam.; mm 1-2 et al. 59681 (MO, PSO); marroninus, Dec 1987, Gentry 5 cm longa, 4 1994, Humberto Feb 18 mm 537 Mendoza lata; spadix viridis, 16 stipitatus, debiler 4 from Trail mm Curcuel, longus, cm Las to Cruces (PSO); Nov 1,700-1,800,5 51'W, 77° 1°08'N, 1995, basim, diam. prope 2 mm lata ad apicem; bacca violacea. Ramirez R. (PSO); al. P B. et 8586 Fe, Santa Gualcala, Indigena Resguardo Terrestrial; mm 7 internodes short, trail 77°54', to Rfo Gualacala, 1°18'N, persisting as loose, diam.; cataphylls s. M. & P. Ramirez R. B. m, 1,100-1,200 long, dark cm drying organized fibers, to 4 ECUADOR. Carchi: Gonzalez (PSO); 9197 red-brown more or as persisting and less to from Rafael Quindfs mountain finca Trail fibers; erect (aver- long cm 9-11 petioles up Rfo Verde and short distance Verde, Rfo aging brown, 10 cm), dark drying 28 00052'N, 1987, w. m, 1,890 78°8'W, Nov medial sulcate diam., 2 mm adaxially with QCA); Hoover & S. Wormllry S. 1875 (MO, at rib apex geniculum geniculum; on and finca, mountain Quindf's Rafael 00052'N, 5-7 long, reddish brown; blade mm drying m, 3 Dec 1987, W. S. 78°7'W, 1,870-2,400 moderately elliptic coriaceous, to ovate- (MO); along Hoover Embankments 2265 acuminate elliptic, abruptly and apiculate 29 m, 1,890 78°8'W, 00052'N, Verde, Rfo apex, acute at base, acuminate to at 10- Hoover 1986 (MO); Chical, S. 1987, Nov w. long, cm 11 (averaging wide 12 cm X 4-5 Aug 08 m, 1,200-1,250 78°11'W, 00056'N, broad, longer times 2.4 1.1 cm), 4.5 than 1983, Thompson Rawlins 995 (CM); & at longer times petioles, the than broadest Quebrada - Quebrada Blancas Pefias middle, 1.0-1.2 times longer or below than Quinchul, Aug 10 78°12'W, 00058'N, 1983, petioles; surface dark brown, upper drying 1031 m, 1,800 Madison Maldonado, (CM); surface epunctate; glossy, weakly lower Trail, (SEL); Awa Encampment: SE 4264 drying slightly paler semiglossy paler and Gualipf 00058'N, Chic6 area, 78°16'w, dark glandular-punctate yellow-brown, but m, al. et Hoover S. W. Jan 18 1,330 1988, also smaller, discrete, with covered densely 2752 00058'N, Chico, Gualpf (MO); than the dried slightly circular darker dots surface; 1,330 midrib raised, slightly 78°16'w, narrowly m, 15 Jan 1988, 3212 darker (MO); Rfo promi- above, acute bluntly and Chical, of Environs Juan, San 00056'36"N, 78°11'17''W, 1,200 m, 29 May nently raised below, drying slightly paler than surface Madison T. M. MO, 1978, (K, al. et and with a mostly distinct 4672 SEq; below km 12 Chical Maldonado, medial ridge; primary lateral veins 5-6 May m, 1,200 78°17'W, 01°4'N, then M. 1978, per side, arising at an acute angle 4812 al (SEL). et Madison T. spreading at 50-60° angle, drying weakly raised above and less prominent much than narrowly below the collective veins, raised nov. sp. cbucunesense Antburlum Croat collective veins as prominent as nearly and Type: COLOMBIA. Narifio: La Planada below; arising base, veins collective from of S. 7 km ca. Reserve, Biological sunk- deeply drying margin, from mm 4-6 to Pialapi Chucunes, along trail to raised narrowly darker above, en and Quebrada 01°lO'N, La Calledita, below; erect-spreading; INFLORESCENCES 1,800-1,900 77°55'W, disturbed m, much than 35 longer peduncle cm long, premontane forest pastures, and open brown, dark drying leaves, reddish and in open potrero, J. 1990, 7 Aug dry L longitudinally folded, 1-2 mm diam.; & Lutlryn S. Stella 13922, D. Sylva spathe reflexed-spreading, subcoriaceous, (holotype, MO-4035364; isotype, maroon, lanceolate, 5 cm long, 4 PSO). mm wide;

22 T. HUANG, C. v. KOSTELAC, 2009 P. CROAT, B. J. LAKE, 51 very weakly stipitate, spadix nar- green, on A. chucune- to moderately smooth sense). erect, rowly long-tapered, 16 cm long, chucunesense Anthurium diam. 2 mm the near wide base, 4 mm at also superfi- apex. Flowers 3 visible the resembles cially Panamanian species per A. 4.2- spiral, that species differs in oxystachyum, but mm 4.4 2.1-2.4 mm wide; long, tepals its and greenish, blades having drying on lateral drying, tepals minutely granular as not is surface lower on the venation broadly mm wide, the outer margin 2.1-2.2 A. prominent as in chucunesense. inner 2-sided, broadly rounded; the margin "chucunesense" epithet The is derived emerging just above stamens tepals the and Chucunes located near of town from the mm .2 mm long, widely .4 spaced; anthers Reserve. Planada La the thecae divaricate; stigma moderately wide, INFRUCTESCENCES long. mm .4 oblong, Anales Sodiro, esmeraldense Anthurium berries violet. turning with 337. Univ. Ecuador Centro 19(37): Anthurium chucunesense is known only ECUADOR. Type: 1905. Esmeraldas: from the locality at type La Planada in Lita and Cachabi, no Rio between at Colombia (Narino), 1,800-1,900 m ele- s.n. Sodiro date, (B). a vation in life Premontane wet/orest zone. Ecua- Anthurium Sodiro, Anturios discolor In apparently it Planada La rare, having is tor ECUADOR. 80. 1: 1905. Type: once. only collected been Rio Esmeraldas: between Santiago a member of sect. Por- is The species and (QPLS). s.n. Sodiro Cachabi, Rio terres- phyrochitonium by its characterized be found habit trial (though perhaps to Epiphytic terrestrial; or internodes as epiphytically inter- slender short, well), than long, diam., 3 cm to short, broader petioles, sulcate nodes, moderately short, reddish drying brown; cataphylls subco- more elliptic, or brown-drying, mod- less brown, 25 cm drying long, riaceous, to blades with erately promi- coriaceous a long cm petioles 36--81 persisting intact; midrib, upper sunken collec- nently raised in diam. to 6 mm 63.4 (averaging cm), and very its by especially long veins tive semiglossy; middle, medium green, blades which greatly peduncle exceeds the length to subcoriaceous moderately coriaceous, leaves. the of at apex, cor- acuminate triangular-ovate, Anthurium is seemingly chucunesense date to cm 42-59 (28) base, at sagittate is which with A. pazii to closely related X long, 13.5-25 cm wide (averaging 46 raised upper midrib, shares a narrowly a longer times 2.1-2.5 cm), broad, than 19.5 slender, pointed spadix and a stiffly long, .5-.8 drying petiole; than longer times spathe turned margins the with spreading surface dark green upper reddish brown; That in however differs species downward. velvety; reddish and surface lower green blades much thinner, proportion- having glossy, dark- and moderately obscurely acuminate narrowly more and longer ately punctate; anterior cm lobe 22-44 long, as as well in having the primary lateral than longer times 3.5 posterior the lobes; and both on undulated weak veins drying 5-14 long, cm 6-18 lobes posterior cm surfaces. directed wide, inward; somewhat sinus also chucunesense Anthurium seems spathulate, wide; cm 1.5-2.5 deep, cm 10 A. restropoae which differs in to related much paler above, midrib and convex having shorter petioles (5-7 cm long), and triangular-winged below, drying pale inequilateral are which blades broader slightly above, raised in valley acutely at rounded to weakly subcordate and 2 first 5 pairs, veins basal below; raised the base, and have a second pair of free base, the remainder coalesced pairs to as veins sessile pinkish a as well basal naked rib posterior base; from 7 cm to blade surface upper addition the spadix. In 1.5-3 cm; lateral per 6--8 veins primary papillate minutely and densely is with and angles, midrib at 45°-60° side, departing On contrast ascending to collective vein, raised below conspicuous warty raised areas

23 ARO AN A, Vo l. 32 lDE 52 74033, g. a-c. Ant b u riu m esmera ldense Fi di ro . (Croa t 7. culti vated at Anthur a , In c., So 90- 10- 77). a. L ea f b lad e , a d ax ia l surf ace. b . Infl o resce nces. c. Infl o r esce n ce sh ow in g s p at he & and padi x . d. A ntburium b e n -eme Cr oa t s P . Hu a n g . (H e n -em 9649) . d. He rba riulll sp e cim e n.

24 T. HUANG, LAKE, C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 P. CROAT, B. J. 53 vein collective from on drying; arising 01°09'55"N, 77°58'44''W, 1,900 m, tigaci6n, of the one lowermost basal veins, varying 20 G. 1997, Jan 9142 Bittner & C. Herrera from 2-9 mm margin, to indented from El to Trail (PSO); Hond6n, 6-12 km SWof 9 merging mm at basal with veins, of point Jan 01°04'N, 78°02'W, 1,750-1,800 m, 5 narrowing to lobes, 5--6 mm along narrow- 1988, PSO). 60429 et al. (MO, Gentry mm near apex; INFLORES- ing further to 2 pedun- erect-spreading; CENCES erect to gerherrerae Croat sp. nov. Anthurium at long, cm 27--69 4-15 cle diam. mm Planada, Narifio: COLOMBIA. Type: La middle; (3-) long, cm 4- 10-19 spathe 7 km above Chucunes, on road be- wide, 6 cm often hooding oblanceolate, Ricaurte, and Sendero Tuquerres tween moderately glossy, spadix medium green siguiendo 2 km Cruces, Las caril al erect, cylin- or red inside; spadix white, divisorio, 01 °10'18"N, 78°00'09''W, droid, 6.5-15 cm long, 1-1.5 cm diam. IN- Hen-era m, 2 Feb 1997, G. 9337 1,820 not seen. FRUCTESCENCES MO-5198155). (holotype, occurs from Antburium esmeraldense Internodia brevia et longa; alternans Colombia (Narioo) to Ecuador (Cotopaxi, 1.3- 3-5 petiolus longa, cm cataphylla 250-1,900 in m Pichincha) at Esmeraldas, anguste oblongo- longus; cm 2.5 lamina forest, Premontane Premontane moist rain longa, cm 11-19.5 ovata, lata; cm 3-6.3 forest, Premontane wet forest Tropical and utroque; 5--6 lateralibus nervis primariis La Planada very dry forest. Aside from the cm 2.2-3.2 oblongo-lanceolata, spatha is species the area very be to known longa, lata, mm 5--6 bruneolus ruber; stipes Province Esmeraldas abundant in Ecua- of longus, 4.5-5 spadix longus; mm 2-3 cm ca. at Road Lorenzo Lita-San the dor along viridis 2-3 mm diam. in siccus, vel virellus collected 600 m and it has also been in ruber. Cotopaxi Province at Tenefuerte along the part Hemiepiphytic in vine, pendent Pilalo is it that indicating m, Rio 750-900 at from alternating mostly internodes trees; a species primarily of to is It elevation. high ones shorter only the short, and ca. long the be in area intervening expected in apart, 5 mm cataphyll spreading with each life zones. similar esmeraldense Antburium fibers, the longer ones 2.5-9 cm 2.5- long, at as La it is quite Planada, rare apparently 4 mm and closely greenish, drying diam., has been collected only once, along the part prominently ridged on drying, in to trail El Hondon. The La material Planada reddish densely granular-puberu- brown which material type from differs a has appearing lent, the trichomes sometimes which spathe narrower inside. red is branched; cataphylls 3-5 long, drying cm sect. of member a is species This brown, erect-spreading, sometimes reddish its by distinguished is Calomystrium. It curved; 1.3-2.5 petioles (averag- long cm internodes, cata- persistent intact short middle, about the sheathed ing 1.9 to cm), phylls, the triangular-ovate which blades subterete; geniculum 6-10 mm long; cordate are to sagittate at the base and oblong-ovate, blades narrowly gradually well dark-punctate surface the on as lower acuminate abruptly to rounded apex, at at the hooding green, as by spadix and white long, cm 11-19.5 base, 3-6.3 cm wide spadix. (averaging 12.7 3.8 X times 3.0-3.6 cm), Sodiro recognized this species as A. than longer wide, 5.9--6.3 times longer than a discolor, due to the distinction in having drying grayish the green above, petioles, purple. was which spadix reddish was It yellow-green below; both surfaces moder- probably based a collection on which was ately densely margins glandular-punctate; members post anthesis since many of sect. narrowly revolute; midrib rounded-raised have tum which spadices Calomystrium after color anthesis. concolorous as not but similar above, and Additional CO- specimens examined: somewhat thick below, drying acute above; Ricaurte, Nariiio: del LOMBIA. Sendero primary lateral veins 5--6 pairs, drying de 2 km cerca "Rondon" inves- centro de raised on both surfaces; interprimary veins

25 54 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, as prominent but lacking loop- almost above 7 km nada, road on Chucunes, connections at collective vein; collective Tuquerres between Ricaurte, and weakly base, loop- veins arising from the hill of behind Centro summit along connecting 4- at primary lateral veins, °05'N, Cientifico, 01 m, 1,780 'w, 78°01 10 mm from the margins. Inflorescence 69637 28 (holo- July 1988, T.B. Croat spreading; with INFLORESCENCES pedun- type, M0-4369447; isotypes, COL, B, long, diam., cle cm 2 mm than less 10 K, PSO, US). mm oblong-Ianceo- spathe wide; 1 drying Internodia longa; 6-12 cataphylla cm wide, mm ~ 2.2-3.2 long, cm to late, 1-4 petiolus longa; 4-6 lon- cm decidua, red, ca. at spreading brownish 90° to the lamina et leviter sulcatus; gus, anguste peduncle; 2- cm drying long, spadix 4.5-5 ovata vel ovato-elliptica, cm (5-) 9-13 ta- mm, slightly 2-3 stipitate diam., 3 mm lata, 0.7-) 3-6.5 cm atro-virens et longa, red, pered apex, greenish to green to lateralibus primariis nervis nitida; 8-9 turned at upward 115° Flowers 4 angles. utroque; longus; cm 2-4 pedunculus visible per lateral spiral, 1.9-2.1 mm long; spatha 1.5-3 suffusus viridis longa, cm tepals .9-1.1 outer wide, margins the mm longus, 1.5-2 purpurascens; cm spadix the margins drying rounded, inner 2-sided, 0-5 cm subanthesi, purpurascens stipitata stamens matte; brown, dark not seen. purpuracens); vir- longus, baccae suffusus to Antburium gerberrerae is endemic idi-flavae. Colombia (Narino), from only known the 6-12 internodes long, cm Epiphytic; at elevation of 1,850 Reserve m. Planada La 2 (drying diam. 3.5 mm mm cata- diam.); Premontane in only occurs It forest. wet phylls subcoriaceous, clasping stems, 4- sect. Antburium gerberrerae belongs to apex, acuminate to apiculate long, 6 cm at species dis- easily is This Tetraspennium. pale orangish green, drying medium at tinguished La Planada its frequently by nodes, at intact persisting brown, upper viney pendent, habit, frequently long, deciduous unorga- a few as persisting or oblong- rufescent-puberulent internodes, stem; petioles on lower fibers pale nized glandular-punctate ovate, blades. 1- 1-4 (averaging 2.3 cm), drying long cm Antburium geberrerae resembles anoth- weakly narrowly and 1.5 mm diam., terete, A. er species laciniosum Ecuador from sulcate; or ovate- ovate blades narrowly (Pichincha). also Antburium laciniosum elliptic, narrowly long-acuminate at apex, fibrous cataphylls has basket-shaped and obtuse to at base, 9-13 (5-) rounded cm blade glandular-punctate surfaces. Howev- wide long, 11.2 cm 3-6.5 0.7-) (averaging er, it differs in not having the conspicuous 2.5-3 cm), X times longer than wide, ~ 4.5 alternate long/short internodes. the petioles, broadest 7 times longer than similar is also species The to A. citrifolium dark coriaceous, below middle, thinly that differs the having in species but cata- green above, glossy weakly slightly and appressed stem to the more phylls tightly and paler dark drying below, semiglossy and to rather blades ovate-elliptic in having ovate below, yellow-brown above, brown oblong-ovate narrowly than blades. epunctate on both surfaces; nar- midrib The species named honor is of Costa in above, and slightly paler rowly raised Rica Gerardo Herrera, botanist, who, along convex below; paler and primary lateral of was the first collector Jens Bittner with 8-9 veins side, obscure moderately per the species. quilted above, obscure and and weakly COLOMBIA. Paratype: Narifto: Ricaurte, slightly darker below; other veins obscure; oeste, 2 km La Planada Sendero Las Cruces, two collective the inner veins pairs, carril divisoria, siguiendo el 01°10' 18"N, near from originating primary lateral veins 1,850 78°00'09"W, G. Herrera & Bittner m, base, pair 2~ mm from margin, the outer 9365 PSO). (MO, and running very from the base originating margin close to the entirely usually and Croat nov. Antburlumgracilistipum sp. the with the before margin middle merging La Type: COLOMBIA. Narino: Pla-

26 LAK T. , P. H UANG , .J. CHOAT E, c. V. KOSTELAC , 2009 B. 55 Fig . 8. a-d . Ant h U1 ' ium gracilistijJum Croat. (Croat 69637). a . Hab i t. b. Ste m sh ow in g o r pet es a n d bot h s urf aces o f l eaf b l ades. c. Infl io l esce n ce s h ow in g spad ix. fr uct esce n ce . d. In

27 56 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, the blade. INFLORESCENCES erect; of 1992, Jul 20 (PSO); 360 (MO, 583 Restrepo diam.; mm 1 long, cm 2-4 peduncle PSO); 1993, Borde 1,800 m, 18 Nov Pialapf, purplish, tinged spathe erect, ovate, green PSO); EI 791 (MO, Quebradas, Mar-La 1.5-3 at anthesis, purplish spadix cm long; Calladita, 1,500- 7r58'W, 01°1O'N, 1.5-2.5 long, cm mm cylindroid, 1.5-2 Benavides 1988, 9691 Apr 30 m, 1,800 mm diam, stipitate, stipe 1-5 cm long, 1 10752 (PSO); (MO, PSO); 25 Sep 1989, 18 tinged diam., per 2-3 Flowers purplish. 1990, Jan 11344 (PSO); Olo08'N, 77°58'W, primary 1.0- long, mm 1.1-1.3 spiral, 35194 (COL, Nov 29 m, Gentry 1981, 1,750 mm 1.2 wide;. INFRUCTESCENCES with ECUADOR. MO). Carehi. Embankments cm fruiting spadix brownish-red, 3.5-4.5 Verde, 78°8'W, 00052'N, Rio along greenish yel- berries long, 6-9 mm diam.; S. m, Hoover 1987, Nov 29 W 1961 1,890 mature. becoming before exserted and low Rafael beginning Trail (MO); Quindf above ranges from gracilistipum Antburium Finca, Untaland ascending partly above Colombia at (Nariflo) to Ecuador (Carchj) Cerro Obscura, 00052'N, 78°9'W, 1,670 m, 1,500-2,275 Premontane min of elevations Hoover S. 1987, Nov W. Wormley 26 S. & wet forest life and Lower montane wet forest 1692 Maldonado, above (MO); ca. 6 km zones. just below Puente 00054'N, Palo, de a member of sect. is species This m, 23 May 1993, B. Boyle 2,275 78°06'W, Xialopbyllium, and is characterized by its 1898 Embankments (MO); &]. Bradford inter- elongate, epiphytic habit, slender along Verde,00052'N, Rfo 1,890 78°8'W, m, persisting cataphylls or deciduous nodes, 1987, 29 Nov (MO). W S. Hoover 1962 the fibers, pale unorganized few a as narrowly ovate brownish- ovate-elliptic or Anthurium P. & herrerae Croat Huang blades, drying green, and the spathe ovate Type: COLOMBIA. Nariflo: sp. nov. (hence epithet the the slender stipitate Municipio Altaquer-Tumaco, Ricaurte, with spadix purplish "gracilistipum") 6 km W Nambf, Altaquer, Rfo vic. yellow berries. greenish 1,100- 78°04, 01°18'N, Altaquer; of gracilistipum is most similar Antburium m, 1,130 Croat B. T. 20 Mar 1990, to A. has species a another that pulcbellum, 71633 iso- MO-3824008; (holotype, spadix long stipitate but that species differs type, PSO). having in narrowly oblong-elliptic blades diam.; mm .7 longa, cm 1-5 Internodia than which are 3.1-4.7 times longer wide petiolus cataphylla 20- persistens intacta; rather ovate-elliptic to ovate than blades 21- 48 cm longus; lamina ovato-cordata, than which are 2.7-3 times longer wide and 28.2 longa, 12-14 cm lata; lobulas cm the also has persisting cataphylls slender 6.0-7.2 cm longus; nervis posterioribus instead intact of or deciduous being per- basalibus nervis utroque; primariis 4-5 unorganized sisting as a few pale fibers spatha cm 3 viridis, 5 utroque; lateralibus stem. lower on 4.3 3 longus, mm cm spadix lata; longa, species At most be can the Planada La mm 5 diam. easily A. with a terracolum, confused with infected parts all fungal Terrestrial; species has spa- long-stipitate which also pustules; elongate; stems long, internodes dices. being That species differs in usually 7 ca. drying diam., cm .. ca long, cm 5 typically internodes having terrestrial, in matte, or drying at least velvety brown, broader shorter, proportionately and many closely cataphylls finely ridged; and 2.5- fibers, that persistent more blades cataphyll brown, to red-brown 10.5 long, persist- cm short- are more nearly elliptic, merely a densely intact, ing granular with drying prominent have much and more acuminate surface; 5 petioles 28-40 long, mm cm veins. collective diam., somewhat red-brown, drying sulcate, Ri- Paratypes: COLOMBIA. Nariiio: matte semiglossy; blades ovate-cordate, to 1986, 25 m, 1,800 Planada, La caurte, Jul, 21-28.2 times 1.5 wide, cm 14 long, cm 26 Gentry et 1992, al. 55189 (PSO); Feb 72414 Croat 1976, Benavides Apr 25 (MO); longer than wide, .5 times as long as

28 J. T. C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 B. P. CROAT, HUANG, LAKE, 57 Anthurium A. to similar is herrerae lower of 1/3 the petioles, broadest in the subcoriaceous; blade, from surfaces both the medi- fragriflorum Bajo region Calima semiglossy, um yellow-brown, glossy to that in differs of Valle Dept. but species semiglossy surface drying epunctate, upper cataphylls having 11-30 cm blades long, surface moderately granular; lower and cm 34-61 long cm and 12-34 wide, 1.6-2.2 drying slightly paler, medium yellow- (-2.9) times longer an than wide, inflores- darkly brown, with dark-punctate, paler the with cence long, 21-42 peduncle cm granulations in the areoles, major veins on the cm 1.5-4 long, cm spathe wide, 8-15.3 ante- when fresh; lower surface yellowish the spadix stipitate 1-2 cm and 8-15 cm rior broadly long, cm 20.2 lobe convex; long. lobe 5.2- long, cm 6.8-7.2 posterior honor is named in of Costa The species raised wide; midrib cm conspicuously 5.5 along Rica botanist Gerardo Herrera who, surfaces, on concolorous and convex both with of Jens the first collector Bittner was drying narrowly raised above, darker, and Planada. at species the La reddish veins basal below; brown 4-5 Pla- La Narino, COLOMBIA. Paratypes: base, raised on to first free 2 pairs pairs, Cruces, Cabeceras Las San nada, Isidro,. rd and fused pairs higher 3 surfaces, both Hondonadas Quebrada gue dan a de 1.5-2 raised cm long, these on lower Corcuel, m, 4 1,600 78°00'09", 01°lO'18"N, surface, sunken but on upper surface; Jun, 1997, G. Herrera & j. Bittner 9649 1-1.5 pri- curved; long, cm rib posterior (MO, PSO). 5 veins pairs, departing mary lateral midrib at raised 35°-45° angles, somewhat keatingii Anthurium nov. sp. Croat sunken midrib, near surface upper on Type: Planada La Nariflo: COLOMBIA. toward on lower margins, narrowly raised Chucunes, from 7 km c1oud- Reserve, surface, on somewhat raised veins tertiary forest, cloud Jan 01°05'N, 78°01'W, 7 erect; both surfaces. INFLORESCENCES de O. P. A. 1988, & Benavides Gentry, 1 mm diam., drying long, peduncle 16.3 cm 60555 MO- Keating (holotype, green, spathe oblong- yellow-brown; dark PSO). isotype, 3641803; long, 4-4.3 cuspidate, abruptly linear, mm Internodia brevia, 1.0-2.5 cm cat- diam.; wide, drying drying brown; mm 6-10 dark aphylla ca. 5 fibris; longa, cm in persistens sessile, 4.3 spadix cm cylindroid, whitish, petiolus ca. mm diam.; 28 3-4 longus, cm long, 5 Flowers 5-6 visible per mm diam. lamina elliptica, cm 23 cm longa, 11 lata, mm long; tepals 1.2 mm spiral, 1.9-2.1 basales nervis ad Iiber utroque, basim; 2-3 outer margins granular, minutely wide, the ca. utroque; 19 nervis lateralibus primariis 2-3-sided, rounded. margins inner INFRUC- lanceolata, spatha cm lata, 10 cm longa, 1.5 not seen. TESCENCES 3 mm, marroninis, stipitatus spadix viridis, Anthurium from only known is herrerae prope 13 diam. mm 5 longus, cm basim, in Colombia Planada La the at Dept. Nariflo mm 3.5 diam. apicem. ad Rio Reserva the at at and Reserve Nambi short, internodes 1.0- Epiphytic; elevation Premontane of 1,100-1,600 m, in 2.5 diam.; ca. fibrous; cataphylls cm wetforest. dark long, drying red-brown, persist- 5 cm This sect. species belongs to Calomy- as ing fibers fragments and epidermis. of its elongate recognized is and by strium erect-spreading; LEAVES ca. petiole 28 cm internodes, cataphylls, intact persisting long, 3-4 mm obtusely subterete, diam., petioles, moderately terete, elongate drying adaxially, weakly sulcate glossy, short posterior blades ovate-cordate with dark brown; at acuminate blade elliptic, as by lobes as well the long-pedunculate 23 at apex, acute base, 11 long, cm cm green inflorescence with a and spathe .8 wide, than longer times times wide, 2.1 addition short, cylindroid spadix. In all at widest than the longer petiole, slightly or fungal yellow with infected parts pustules, drying dark below middle, brown, inequi- to a feature that appears species-specific be lateral, mm subcoria- 5.7 side one wider, for Calomystrium. sect. of some members

29 l. 32 Vo , AJ{OIDEANA 58 lIIl1fll,flIl 1! - ~ ..•.. m 3&41C ~ ) EIIlIiI ~ ... "~ , i"t~ r~t~;:~::.~~''''4> · ''l ~~~;~~. g~1 · 4' 0;;'> '. ' ,"" ' • . ' I"~" . ... n • I"Ir/>1' ... ~Ol. • .. ,101, , • • , .. wit. ."' ••• ... " ,. J / r 1 ( ) c Fig . 9. a. Antburium keatingii Croat. (Gen tl Y 60555). a. Herbar ium spec im e n. b-d. b. Anlhurium latum Eng!. (Cmat 69634). egenicu Habit. c. Fresh, unmounted long spec imen s howing ste m a nd leav es d . L eaf b lad e, abaxi a l surface ; infl o r esce nc e s howing spa th e a nd s p ad ix.

30 T. LAKE, V. KOSTELAC, 2009 J. HUANG, P. CROAT, B. C. 59 1980) Carchi Province, from Ecuador in and drying midrib ceous; rounded-raised darker finely striate below; basal below, Tobar Donoso, Reserva Indfgena Parroquia base; primary El Centro Awa, 00053'N, 78°25'W, Baboso, veins 2-3 pairs, free to lateral veins ca. 19 pairs, departing midrib at the 1,800 m. That species dries same at collec- degree 45-60 to ascending angle, and has a similarly long-pedunculate color darker vein, considerably tive drying than well as similar cataphylls inflorescence as surface below; interprimary nearly veins 1980 but the al. Tipaz collection et differs as lateral primary as prominent veins, petioles, in nar- 3-sided sharply having, numerous; 2 veins pair collective 3 or rower blades 3 times longer wide, than side, inner- the base, the per from arising veins having the collective closer to the 4-5 apex, mm the from ascending to most margin the upper surface egland- mm, 1-2 nd the margin, veins basal of pair 2 the ular and a longer, proportionately more a one lower on blade, of 1/3 ending in the slender purplish spadix. with marginal veins merging the margin in cm blade; upper surface 3 lower of the Croat & P. Huang sp. lakei Anthurium matte, and green minutely glandular- dark nov. Type: COLOMBIA. La Nariflo: punctate, the drying minutely surface Planada Reserve, 7 above Chu- km papillate. with INFLORESCENCES pedun- road on cunes and Tuquerres between 2 lance- spathe diam.; mm cle 28 cm long, S flat of Ricaurte, swampy plain long, reflexed, 10 cm 1.5 cm wide, olate, 78°01 'w, Natural, Sendero 01°05'N, onto at a petiole merging at apex, acuminate 1,780 B. Croat 69632 (holotype, T. m, subcoriaceous, maroon, drying broad angle, isotypes, MO-4369440; B, AAU, COL, conspicuously undulate matte, brown, dark PSO, K, M, NY, PMA, CUVC, F, HUA, the margins, long-apiculate at apex along QCNE, SEL, UB, US, USM, YEN). S, 8 (apiculum green, spadix long), mm cm diam.; cat- brevia, Intemodia 1.0-2.5 13 tapered, weakly 3 mm, stipitate long, cm aphylla ~.5 12-40 cm longa; cm petiolus 5 base, diam. 3.5 mm diam. at apex. mm at 3-5 mm diam., teres vel C-forma- longus, spiral, per visible 1.8-2.6 mm 5-7 Flowers anguste elliptica, tus; lamina 20-27 (16-) tepals tepals minutely granular, lateral long; cm (-36) cm 5.8-7.5 (4.5-) longa, lata; 1 2-sided, the mm wide, the outer margins nervis primariis lateralibus 10-12 (9-) rounded; inner margin broadly stamens a spath utroque; (-13) 6- longa, cm 4-7 of the beneath the tepals; surface retracted lata; vel viridis, 15 mm flavo-viride spadix 1.5-2 oblong, rnm long. style longus, cm 7-15 ba- mm 5-8 diam. prope only from known is keatingii Anthurium mm ad apicem. 2-4 sim, Planada in the La collection type Reserve at Epiphytic; short, internodes 1.0-2.5 cm m Premon- 1,800 in at (Nariflo), Colombia persist- long, cm ~.5 cataphylls diam.; forest apparently is It zone. life wet tane semi-intact ing fibers, as or the at only uncommon been having Planada, La at the nodes, remainder some- uppermost collected only once. times deteriorating reddish sodden, a into member of sect. Porphyr- The species, a mass, peti- brown; reddish drying brown ochitonium, recognized epiphytic its by is 28.7 (averaging long cm 12-40 oles cm), blades elliptic sulcate long, habit, petioles, erect, C- sharply to diam., mm on both 3-5 terete which are glandular-punctate ribs narrow or shaped, with 3 sulcate surfaces and its long-pedunculate inflo- by a with rescence a maroon and spadix green swollen, geniculum moderately adaxially; especially numerous but spathe dark drying long, cm 1-2 blades the brown; by 2 or more pairs primary lateral veins with acute apex, at acuminate elliptic, narrowly of collective veins. 20-27 obtuse (16-) cm base, at (-36) to does closely resemble any other not It wide cm 26 5.8-7.5 (4.5-) long, (averaging species of sect. Porphyrochitonium. known 2.5-4 longer wide, than times cm), X 6.4 The species resembles another undeter- petioles, the longer than times .5-1.25 (Tipaz et Porphyrochitonium mined ai. broadest at or slightly below the middle,

31 60 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, life forest wet Premontane moderately m, 2,010 in bicolorous, subcoriaceous; zone. drying surfaces, both on moderately glossy A Porphyrochitonium, of sect. member above, slightly dark brown to gray-brown rare at somewhat apparently is species this upper and yellowish brown below; paler La Planada; area swampy the in seen was it moderately but smooth surface drying the of trail Sendero Natural, along south lower magnification; on granular minutely along the Cientifico Centro the behind and smooth, densely dark moderately surface is to trail Pialapf. It recognized by its brown punctations the glandular-punctate, short moderately internodes, terete to convex paler diam; mm .05 and midrib with petioles C-shaped sharply 3 adaxial bluntly rounded narrowly above, acute to ribs, blades semiglossy more or less elliptic, con- somewhat and drying below, paler with green veins, lateral primary etched colorous, some- broad, than thicker much spadix anthesis, and by purple which turns times moderately than thicker acute above, purple and its by white berries. broad, slightly to darker slightly striate, most Anthurium lakei confused is easily (9-) paler below; primary lateral veins with Anthurium margaricarpum from 10-12 quilted- weakly side, per (-13) Province Volcan Pichincha in Pichincha of above, weakly etched-sunken or sunken differs Ecuador. the having in That species veins below; interprimary pleated-raised on the more typically grayish blades dry etched often below, raised weakly above, lacking granular lower the surface, upper less conspicuous than primary scarcely surface the upper and areolate on surfaces lateral veins; ob- veins mostly tertiary A. lakei is quite also rather than smooth. from arising vein collective scure; the similar to the It A.fuscopunctatum Sodiro. base, from INFLORES- margin; 2-4 mm having in however, differs, cata- longer at erect-spreading, to spreading CENCES phylls are (6-8 that petioles long), cm height beneath 20- of or blades; peduncle 3 merely ribs adaxially), sulcate (lacking long, 50 cm 1-3 mm diam., terete to 1- wide), flowers (8-10 blades cm broader spathe angular; to spread- erect-spreading much longer than wide. purple inside and ing, or green tinged pink This species after named was Jeffrey cm lanceolate, outside, margins along 4-7 of the of this Lake, co-authors paper. one long, 6-15 wide; spadix yellow-green mm Jeff on spent the summer of 1990 working green or when glossy moderately and At that was this Jeff a time, publication. by anthesis, turning young, dark purple Grinnell, in College Grinnell of student slightly stipitate, or very weakly sessile Iowa working intern an as with was and tapered, long, 7-15 cm 5-8 mm diam. at skills His Missouri. University, Washington Flowers mm 2-4 diam. at apex. 1.3- base, together putting at manuscript, initial the cm 1.7 long, 1.3-1.5 cm wide; lateral tepals making and descriptions preparing impor- brown, minutely granular, .9- drying dark tant taxonomic decisions essential were for margin, wide, 1.1 2-sided on mm outer Flora. of this the completion broadly rounded but on inner margin Narifto: COLOMBIA. Paratypes: Ri- and against up pistils the often turned caurte, La Planada. Quebradas, El Reserva on concave or straight appearing dried 01°10'N, Calladita, Mar - La 77°58'W, cluster in held stamens specimens; a tight at 1,500-1,800 Apr 1988, Benavides 30 m, opposite the pistil immediately of sides along 9654 (MO); Along Sendero Vieja, above .3 long, mm anther tepals; the mm .4 01°06'N, Pina, La of direction in top ridge INFRUCTES- pollen wide; orange. pale 1,950-2,010 77°54'W, m, 9 Mar 1990, Croat CENCES with at apex, white berries 71219 78°0l'W, 7 Jan (MO, PSO); 01°05'N, in violet-purple tepals dark lower half; 1988, Gentry, et al. 60561 (MO). green fruit. in var. ecosta- Antburlum lancea Sodiro lakei Anthurium to Colombia is endemic tum Type: COLOM- nov. var. Croat, (Nariflo), type the from only known locality BIA. La Nariflo: above km 7 Planada, of in La Planada, at elevations 1,500-

32 LAK T. , P. H UANG , J. CROAT E, C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 13. 61 Fig. 10. a -d. Antburium l akei Croat & P. Huang . a-b , d . (Croa t 69632) . a . Habit. b. L eaf nce b lade, l s urf ace. c. Infl o r esce adaxia s howing spa dix. (Croa t 71219). d. lnfru ctescence.

33 62 AHOIDEA Vo l. 32 NA , a n . a. AntIJw'iwn lak ei Croa t Fig P. Hu 11. g. CO'oa t 69632). Habit. b-c !. Ant b w'ium & l ongicaudatum En g !. CCroat 69572). b . L eaf b lade, a dax ia l surf ace. c. Infl o r esce n ce x. sh ing spat he a nd spadi ow d. Infru ctesce nce .

34 B. T. P. HUANG, J. LAKE, C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 CROAT, 63 6-11 1- long, mm elliptic, slightly to olate Tuquerres Chucunes road between on wide, green; 2 cm reflexed-spreading, spa- and Ricaurte, primary and secondary yellow-green, dix pale to medium short- regrowth forest Posada, above La stipitate, with stipe cylin- 3-15 mm long, 69574 isotypes, MO; (holotype, Croat droid slightly diam. tapered, 3-7 mm to HUA, K, QCNE, PSO, NY, B, COL, GB, Flowers principal 2.4- 3-4 on spiral, YEN). US, long, 2.8 mm wide. INFRUC- mm 2.3-2.7 cm Intemodia 4-6 cm longa, 1.5-3 berries TESCENCES to 15 cm long; early persistens in diam.; fibris, cataphylla, 12- acute bluntly emergent, and purple. dark 35-50 petiolus longa; cm (-65) cm 16 ecostatum Anthunum lancea Sodiro var. longus, obscure teres diam., mm 5-9 aut Colombia is mostly distributed in (Nariflo), cm 25-39 et anguste lamina sulcatusus; elevations at ca. of in Premontane 1,800 m cm 12-26 longa, interdum ovata, lata, wet jorest, also was but one specimen basa- nervis atra; lentiter cordata, in sicco (Choco) found in at Colombia elevation an Iibus Iiberis primariis ad basin, nervis It rain jorest. 440 of m in is fairly Tropical lateralibus 6- spatha utroque; viridis, 8-9 collected common at La Planada, in sec- flavus - mm longa, 1-2 cm lata; spadix 11 ondary forest and elements of primary viridis, 3-15 mm longa, 3-7 mm diam.; above the 69574), as (Croat Posada La baccae purpurea. as well specific less (Gentry, sites other cm long, internodes 4-6 Terrestrial; Benavides collections). diam.; cm 1.5-3 cataphylls deciduous or This taxon, of uncertain sectional classi- not, 12-16 long, cm red-brown, drying fication currently placed in sect. though decaying intact fibers tan to or persisting for classifi- a better of lack Belolonchium at 35-50(65) upper nodes; cm petioles does cation, not fit characteris- the classic long 47.7 cm long), (averaging 5- tics its by recognized of It is section. that diam., nar- and 9 mm obscurely or terete black-drying or ovate-triangular, less more sulcate, rowly medium green, semiglossy; basal veins blade with free to base hence 2 sulcate, geniculum cm long; blades a posterior rib and thus the epithet lacking narrowly ovate to ovate, acuminate at apex, a costa "ecostatum" posterior (ie. lacking or obtuse to truncate at base, occasionally the weakly is characteristic Also rib). very 25-39 weakly cordate, cm long, 12- spadix stipitate contrast in typical to the wide (averaging 31 X 17 cm), 26 cm 1.5- a conspicuously variety which usually has .5-.8 times 2.2 times longer than wide, spadix. stipitate longer than the petioles, drying black, the differs from ecostatum variety The subcoriaceous; upper surface dark green, variety typical of no having in lancea A. semiglossy; lower surface much paler and and posterior rib non- narrower, having in to matte weakly glossy, drying somewhat having a spadix well as as blades cordate in blackened; narrow, convex, and midrib with virtually no stipe. scarcely slightly and paler above, paler Nariiio: Rica- Paratypes: COLOMBIA. basal below; round-raised prominently urte, Planada, 01°09'37"N, 7r59'13"W, La less or more 3-4, to veins free base; Finca G. 7 km 9534 (PSO); Salazar Herrera side, per veins lateral primary 8-9 77°58'W, 01°08'N, Ricaurte, above m, 1,750 at midrib departing angles, 35°-45° ascend- Nov Gentry 35196 (COL, MO); 29 1981, the collective to vein, quilted-sunken ing 01°lO'N, 1,800 1987, Nov m, 77°58'W, 15 above, acute bluntly and pleated-raised Herrno- Borde 8952 (MO, PSO); Benavides below; near originating collective vein genes, 01°lO'00"N, 77°55'00''W, 1,800 m, usually base, 4- basal second from vein, 18 Nov 1993, Restrepo 784 (MO); 01°lO'00"N, margin; tertiary veins weakly 9 mm from 7r55'00"W, 1,800 m, 29 Sep part raised below; IN- 612 Ramfrez G. & above, in sunken 1992, Restrepo (MO). erect-spreading; to erect FLORESCENCES mm 3-7 long, cm 44-55 peduncle at Engl., wide Anthurium longegeniculatum base, at apex; Type: lance- 2-3 mm wide Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25:379. 1898. spathe

35 64 ARO EANA , Vo l. 32 ID ecos 12. . An lb u ri u111 Fig. ancea va r. a-d /a la Croat. (Croa t 69 5 74). a. Hab i t. b . Leaf l b l o f ade ia l surf ace. c. Ste m s h ow in g cata ph y ll s a nd base ad ax pe ti o les. d. Infl o r esce nce ow ing spath e a nd sp ad ix . sh

36 LAKE, T. KOSTELAC, V. C. 2009 J. HUANG, P. CROAT, B. 65 del aida, Ecuador Tolima, Cauca), Valle COLOMBIA. Cauca: Le eastern Ceja, (Azuay, Canar, Carchi, Loja, Morona-San- Leh- of Andes of Popoyan, slopes to Tungurahua) tiago, Sucumbios, Napo, K; (holotype, isotype, 5328 mann F). Peru (Cajamarca) and Venezuela (Trujillo), terrestrial; internodes or Epiphytic primarily m, at elevations of 1,750-4,000 at 6-19 3.5- long, cm smooth, semiglossy, m, Premontane wet 2,000 over in altitudes aerial roots brown; reddish 5 mm diam., forest, rain forest, Lower Premontane node, per from nodes, 1-4 not originating mountain Lower forest, rain mountain conspicuous, drying gray-black, very 5- wet forest Montane and wet forest life zones. all cm weakly 8 branched or not at long, rare This species is apparently at La branched; 2.5- cataphylls subcoriaceous, Planada, twice, only collected been having reddish 3.5 cm long, red-brown, drying Vieja and behind Centro La along Sendero at semi-intact persisting brown, upper Cientifico. as lower nodes; fibers nodes, petioles at This species, though sect. resembling cm 10-20 2- cm), 15.7 (averaging long a member P01phyrochitonium, is actually reddish, mm 3 diam., terete, tinged semi- or of some other new Decurrentia sect. cm long, drying glossy; geniculum 2-2.5 distinguished is It Anthurium. of section by black; blades ovate to ovate-elliptic, nar- its brown internodes, slender, long, reddish rowly to almost aristate at long-acuminate ovate semiglossy, leaf sunken a with blades apex, cm 9-15 base, at rounded (-21.5) round midrib moderately obscure and pale long, 4-7 (-12.8) cm wide (averaging 13.3 punctations its on the lower surface and by cm), X 6 times than broad, 2.0-2.5 longer spadix . small yellow-green . 7-1.1 times as the as long petioles, It relatives. no close is has species The to below middle, subcoriaceous broadest one ovate, epunc- few with the of species moderately coriaceous; semiglossy to occur at elevations above tate blades that glossy, dark bicolorous, conspicuously 1,700 m. moderately and semiglossy above, green Additional specimens examined: CO- below, semiglossy drying and medi- paler de La Correg. Ipiales, Nariiio: LOMBIA. greenish to yellowish brown um brown Manizales, RIO Victoria, San Francisco-RIo above and smooth to minutely usually Apr 15 P. Ramirez m, B.R. 1992, 2,400 above, yellow-green grayish granular and El 4835 Pasto Correg. PSO); (MO de faintly below with pale round dotted 29 m, 2,900 Orejuela, Quebrada Encano, moderately obscure punctations below; B.R. Ramirez P. et at. 4334 1991, (MO Dec midrib raised, acutely paler, slightly often PSO); Cientifico, Centro 78°01'W, 01°05'N, acute in valleys above, below; paler and Croat 69634 (MO, m, 1,780 28 Jul 1988, primary lateral veins 5--6 side, per Along to Vieja La Sendero Pina", "La PSO); midrib departing at ascend- 45°--60° angles, 01°06'N, 77°54'W, m, 11 Mar 2,010-2,060 weakly ing to collective vein, etched and Croat 71331 PSO). MO, (HUA, 1990, quilted above, weakly be- pleated-raised ECUADOR. Gualtal, El Espejo, Carchi: as conspicuous as low, the collective vein; 00051'N, Hembra, Golondrinas Cerro tertiary veins obscure; collective veins 78°08'W, 2,800 21 m, Aug 1994, w. Pala- from arising near base, mm from 4-7 cios 12473 El US); QCNE, MO, (CM, margin. INFLORESCENCES erect; peduncle Goaltal, Cerro Hembra, Golondrinas long, 12 ca. to 1-1.5 mm diam.; spathe cm 20 00051'N, 2,600-2,800 78°08'W, Aug m, purple; tinged reflexed, erect-spreading, QCNE); 1994, 12446 Palacios w. El (MO, glossy, moderately green, yellowish spadix Cerro Gualtal, de Golondrina Faldas Hem- cm 2.5 ca. tapered, slightly to cylindroid bra, 21 m, 2,450 78°07'W, 00051'N, Aug at mm 2 base, at diam. mm diam. 3 long, Clark (CM, &]. Palacios 12642 W 1994, emergent. pistils lower apex; weakly MO, NY, QCNE). known is Anthurium longegeniculatum from Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Cundi- Anthurium longicaudatum Engl., Bot. Jahrb. Risar- ECUA- Huila, Narino, Putumayo, Syst. 25:388. 1898. Type: namarca,

37 66 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, Pte de Chimba, this Polyneurium, sect. DOR. member A of Pallantanga near (QPLS). s.n. Sodiro terrestrial its is recognized by habit, species internodes glossy short ovate-elliptic blades Anthurium suborbiculare Sodiro, Anales with a caudate-acuminate with apex and 15(108):15. Ecuador 1901. Univ. Centro well primary many lateral veins, as as by the MO). (G, s.n. Sodiro Type: Ecuador., reddish berries. purple and spadix violet Terrestrial 1- internodes epiphytic; or most with confused is easily species This cataphylls cm cm 1.3-2.0 long; 1.5 diam.; differs but in cuspidatum, A. that species cm per- brown, reddish drying 5--6 long, acuminate less having gradually apex, intact at sisting nodes, a loose as uppermost broad ovate blades and not condensed red or of tan lower; fibers reticulum veins. longicau- lateral primary Anthurium petioles 31-56 (22-) (-80) long cm terete, its distinguished be can datum smaller, by (averaging mid- 40.1 cm), 2-5 mm diam. at blade acuminate sharply more ovate and dle; weakly cordate, blades ovate-elliptic, condensed apex lateral and more primary caudate-acuminate at apex, cordate weakly veins. 19.5-37 base, at cm 10-24 cm long, wide speCimens examined: CO- Additional 1.5-2 cm), 18.5 X times (averaging 28.7 Ricaurte, Nariiio: LOMBIA. Planda, La long from as half to as longer than broad, km Salazar Ricaurte, Finca 7 above longer the petioles, than broadest 1.1 times 01°08'N, 1981, Nov 29 m, 1,750 77°58'W, and between of petiole attachment point 35195 Gentry (COL, MO); 0l009'37"N, moderately margins, at convex middle, 1996, 1,850-1,950 7r59'13"W, m, 7 Jun thin; drying olive; glossy, surfaces both Base PSO); (MO, 2464 Bittner de y cima posterior anterior lobe 19-38 cm long; Cerro 01°10'18"N, 78°00'09"W, Le6n, lobes 2--6 cm long, 2--6.5 cm wide; sinus 2,148 m, 7 Mar 1997, G. Herrera & Bittner triangular, .5-5 cm 3-5 deep, cm to arcuate 9421 0l009'37"N, 77°59'13''W, 9165 (MO); scarcely and narrow, convex, wide; midrib 0l009'37"N, 9135 7r59'13"W, (PSO), paler above, round-raised, moderately pal- 1,800 m, Ol°lO'N, 2 Nov (PSO); 7r58'W, er and weakly ribbed below; basal veins PSO); Benavides 8797 Along (MO, 1987, to pairs, 4--6 free base; primary lateral to 13 m, 1,100 road Tumaco, 1990, Sep over departing side, midrib at per 20 veins 1,800 (US); 90-3059 al. et Kress 1 Apr m, 45°--60° to ascending angles, collective 1992, Restrepo 510 (MO); La Posada, quilted-sunken vein, narrow above, and 01°05'N, 26 1988, 78°0l'W, m, Jul 1,780 below; in veins tertiary pleated-raised HUA, F, 69572 NY, COL, Croat K, MO, (B, part raised sunken collec- below; above, UB, (MO); 69573A US); SEL, QCNE, PSO, mm 2-4 base, from tive arising vein from m, 01°10'00"N, 1,800 Apr 1 77°55'00"W, margin. shorter INFLORESCENCES erect, 1992, II, 510 (MO); Borde Celimo Restrepo than cm long, 2- peduncle 22-55 leaves; 13 Nov m, 1,800 77°55'00''W, 01°1O'00"N, 4 mm diam. at middle; spathe reflexed- 725 1993, Restrepo ECUADOR. (MO). green to violet- chartaceous, spreading, RIO Carehi: drainage Chical, above Blanco purple, lanceolate, 4-9 1.0- long, cm 00054'00"N, Juan, of RIO San tributary cm violet 1.5 reddish spadix wide; to 78°11'58"W, 1,300-1,500 1979, m, 25 Sep maroon, sessile, ob- moderately glossy, Gentry (SEL, 26556 Schupp G. & MO); long, 8-21 cm IN- diam. mm 4-5 long, Golondrinas, Cerro Upper Gualpi Rio FRUCTESCENCES with berries purple. 78°13'W, headwaters,00050'N, 2,250- ranges longicaudatum Anthurium from Jul 15-20 m, 2,265 P. Boyle, B. 1993, Colombia (Narino) (Carchi, to Ecuador Hibbs M. P. Fleury, & M. Chamorro, Quer Imbabura, Cotopaxi, Esmeraldas, Pi- QCNE); ofEI MO, MEXU, (K, 2184 Vicinity chincha) in at elevations of 900-2,450 m along road Chical, EI Carmen3.6-4.6 km to wet forest, Premontane Premontane rain to m, 1,435-1,503 up road Carmen, EI Feb 17 78°21'14"W, 00055'19"N, 2005, life and Tropical moist forest It zones. forest, moderately is common in the regrowth 94810 QCNE); Croat 94762 (MO, (MO, QCNE); Maldonado, Donoso Tobar La Planada. forest at

38 T. CROA P. H UANG , J. LAKE , C. V. KOSTELAC , 2009 13. T, 67 13. urium l ongicauda tum Eng J. (Croa t 69572). a. H ab it. b. Antburium a . tb Fig. An c. Rubi (Cma t 71218) . b . Habit. a no. Antburium melamjJyi Croat. Castano & martae Croat c. Habi t. d . Antburium nest01pazii Cr oat & P. Huang. (Paz 345). d. (Croa t 69565). ime n. spec He rba rium 00 053 ' Aug 78 °25'W, 1,800 m , 17-27 N, 1992, C 0 55'N , 78 °32 'W 00 900 m, 22 Nov , al. 178 4 (MO) . et TijJaz C. 1992, es AI M. & tia 664 l Au E. ,deslia, Cucmga , Vic. 00 0 54'OO/lN, (MO); Maldonado 1977, martae & Cas t ano T M Croat 15 Apr. m, 1,800 06'OO/lW, ° 78 Antburium . nom ia no, Rub nov. . stat & Ca o Madison 4000 (SE L, MO); nt mpam e 00 nes 050'32/1N, °03'51/1W, 78 2,200- Mach i ue Nacio- Typ e: VENEZUELA. Lara. Parq & L. g 2,400 m, 28 Feb 1974, C. H ar lin nal km I, ca. 9 km. S. of Sanare , 1 YacambC (GB, MO); ll e Va de Andersson 12 306 ra n ce si de ent in to park ; primary cloud road o n : can-Ma 71 km l- ul T Maldonado , ca. 9°43'N, 69 forest °37W, 1,790 m , Cmat 54'N, 78 ° 06'w , 2,100-2,200 111 , donado , 00 0 sotypes i MO-2934936; otype, ( h o l 54687 B, 20 et May 1973 , L.B. Holm-Ni elsen, at. 6008 MY K, F, COL, , US, NY, YEN). , RSA rro Espejo El G u a ltal , Fa ld as (AAU); de Ce , Go lo ndrina He m bra, 00 051'N, 78 07'W, ° iridisjJadix Sc A. bumboldtianum h ott var. v 12618 2,450 Aug 199 4, w. Pala cios 21 m , Croat, 64-65. figs. 9:36, deana Aro i rte de l Carme n , MO , QCNE ); (CM, No Mira, 1986 78 ° 13'W , 2, 000- in o a C hi ca l, 00 05 1' N, m ca eb 2,200 111 , 10 F al. 1992 , W. Pala cios et Te rr ytic, iph emiep h to l est ria mes i somet US); a Ar a n, Tulc rib (MO, 9820 ( MO); 9708 y scan- ri ll usua stage, e nil ve ju in a l est terr III 1-6 1 to mbing i cl a nd dent nt , Fro donado l Ma internodes n e ra Co l omb co ia, ; d e m, 02'W ° 78 51'N, , 2,000 00 a, hill11 C Sitio 0 2- 15 cm l ong, 1- 3 .5 cm di am ., dark g r ee n , ly g weak a nd g min k le d eco b ec ossy l sp ubio 7305 20 May R W. Palacios & D. 1991, 27 10- cataphylls own; lo ng, c m g ray-b r El (MO); Tobar Donoso ; Ce n tro Baboso,

39 68 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, in occurs martae Anthurium turning persisting Venezuela thick but soon thin, upper nodes, at semi-intact and brownish Trujillo) (Aragua, Lara, Merida, Tachira, Boyaca, Colombia and Caldas, (Antioquia, usually but fibrous scarcely sometimes Cundinamara, Cauca, Magdalena, Huila, of pale fibers loose network as a persisting Meta, Norte closely Santander, the to appressed eventually stem, De Narino, Putu- deciduous; Quindio, 58-83 terete, del Valle Tolima, Risaralda, petioles mayo, (-200) of 1,800-3,900 m, elevations Cauca), at cm), mm cm long (averaging 69.8 5-9 primarily above montane 2,200 m, in Lower matte, diam., green, dark sometimes tinged reddish, very forest, wet forest, wet Premontane Montane and sulcate rarely weakly wet forest and flexible; striate weakly adaxially, blades Premontane rain forest life zones. over- often lobes basal with ovate-sagittate member of sect. Cardiolonchium, this A lapping, broadest slightly above the petiole attachment, species cm often (-120) by recognized is 44-76 its scandent long, (33-) (20-) cm 63 (averaging wide X 24-48 long cataphyll fibers network habit, of stems, the to appressed persisting tightly times 1.5-2.1 cm), 39 wide, longer than the as long by the long petioles about as as long petioles, subcoria- times .7-.9 as matte-subvelvety matte-subvel- and green ovate-sagittate, the blades, ceous, dark vety, collective with blades green-drying above, moderately paler below; matte and from originating vein the of one basal first and slightly than broad midrib thicker veins or even from a primary lateral vein as below; paler and round-raised paler above, primary (-14) 10-12 (6-) veins lateral as well green, by lanceolate spathe and the spadix. green yellowish the narrowly pairs, raised and paler above, arising more or below, round-raised less is to Anthurium closest perhaps martae the to owing nigrescens A. long internodes, then angle at spreading acute an at usually angle; 80° prominent and shape, blade basal tertiary to veins. at up 45-65°, sometimes differs in having That generally species pairs, free veins (6-) 8-10 2-3 the first 0-) blades smaller less dry which more or to the base, to the remainder coalesced the collective veins blackened and have degrees varying and regularly branching arising from primary lowermost the of one the posterior rib rib; naked posterior from veins. lateral cm 3-5 (-9) 0-) along sinus; tertiary below; confused be can also It collec- another veins prominulous in part with perhaps species, of from usually arising veins tive one species the undescribed an represented by 10903 Rangel o. & Idrobo middle or even upper primary lateral veins st differs It elevation. from Tolima at 3,700 m veins, from 1 but the lair of basal often and much having shorter in internodes pair 2° of basal veins, from the sometimes but smaller leaves the the leaves dry with mostly margins, from sometimes mm 4-10 and the has stem the texture and color same 2 1.5 mm or up to cm from margin. kind same cata- semi-intact persistent, of INFLORESCENCES erect-spreading; pe- phyll fibers. duncle 34- matte, medium-green, terete, mm 4-7 long, cm 70 & linear- spathe diam.; Parque Croat Galeano 70757 from A. Regional Ucumarf at 1,900 m is similar to long, 1-3 wide, cm cm 13-30 lanceolate, martae but differs in having short, thick green medium erect or greenish white, internodes having in a 3-6 cm in diam. and spadix reflexed, brittle; then 14-26 cm green spadix. dark diam., mm 5-8 greenish yel- represents perhaps It long green, another new species. purplish turning eventually violet, low mm, usually semiglossy, stipitate rarely 4-6 Kirkbride & Forero 1865 from the Sierra commonly is to 2-2.5 cm Province flower (more de Santa Marta in Magdalena in stipitate 1-2 pollen in long cm fruit); related to A. martae but differs in having collective veins very close to margin. weak-emergent. IN- white; pistils the early FRUCTESCENCE with stipe to 2 cm long, Alvaro Fernandez Perez 5833 from Meta long, 2.5- fruiting spadix to 50 cm Dept. at Paletara at 2,800-2,900 m appears green. tertiary cm diam.; berries also to be A. martae but the 3

40 , T. T , P. H UANG , J. LAKE CROA C. V. KOSTELAC , 2009 B. 69 Fig . 14 . a -d . An th u l' ium 1n a rt ae Cro at & Cas t ano Rubi ano. (Cma t 71 2 1 8) . a. H a bit with f l f b lad e, ad ax ial s urf ace . b . Stem sh ow ing lo ng int erno d es. c. L ea ea bl ad e, ab ax ial s urf ace sh nce. in g ven ati o n . d . Infl o resce ow a nd in fru ctesce n ce

41 70 AROIDEANA, Vol. 32 surface on more venation lower the is 2,700 Silvania, to road toll on May 19 m, conspicuously spec- other any than raised (COL); 3429 et Barclay AS 1972, al. species. another represent it may and imen Sasaima, Victoria, La Vereda Hacienda The species Luis first collected by was Gualiva, 2,300- Aserradero, del Penas in Mora Eduardo February, 1953 in the 2,900 18-19 Oct 1954, H Garcia-Bar- m, (COL); and 15320 03°58'41"N, Cabrera, Valle de Sibundoy in Putumayo Melida riga in de Fraume collected several collections Sep-Ol c.E. 1989, Oct 74°29'09"W, 30 Caldas Dept. in 1980s mid the but most Fomeque, Barbosa 5909 (COL); faldas del collections were made since 1989 when Chingaza, 1963, 2,800 m, 25 Jan de Paramo 5556 includ- others and Galeano Patricia Marta Camargo & Huertas G. Huila: (COL). ing Al O. and Gentry made many Rangel near Purace, Volcan E Merenberg, Finca of Ucumarf. collections in Parque Regional 6, Cauca Transect border, 02°16'N, The Marta of honor in named is species Gentry, 2,280 m, 2 Apr 1986, E. 76°12'W, Galeano, Patricia curator Araceae at of the M. & Zardini (MO). 53918 Monsalve the Universidad Nacional and de Colombia Santa Marta, Magdalena: Sierra Nevada o 55'N, 73°57'W, de at teacher a Javeriana, Santa lO Mata, Universidad the 2,500- martae. name the hence A. 2,650 m, 4 Aug 1972, Joseph H Kirkbride Meta: 1865 (COL). Paletara, 2,800- a redescription Anthurium martae is of July 30 m, 2,900 ssp. Schott viridispadix Fernandez-Perez A. humboldtianum 1961, A. described 5833 COLOMBIA. from Croat. (COL). Ri- was taxon That Nariiio: Venezuela was and to believed time the at Planada, Pialapi, Borde La caurte, 8 Jul A. be merely a subspecies of humboltia- Restrepo 1992, Aug m, (MO);,1,800 13 567 subsequently Schott num taxon has the but 1993,588 Mirador, to Pina" "La Trail (MO); distinct be found been 18 a widespread and to m, 1,850 07r59'13"W, Jul Olo09'37"N, taxon, better Sendero at separated the specific 1996, Bittner 2625 (MO); Along level. is being assigned A. name new the It Vieja, direction top ridge in along of La martae. Pina, 1°06'N, 7r54'W, 1,950-2,010 9 m, 1990, Mar Paratypes: Norte (MO). Croat COLOMBIA: Parque Nacional de 71218 Santander: Cordillera Oriental, Rio Chit- del Rio Natural Com- Los Canon Nevados, beima, aga, m, 1968, 10 2,000-2,550 Aug I.E. 2,600 m, 24 Jun 1985, Cesar Bar- 4577 Co- Putumayo: (COL). Mora-Osejo 3259 C. (COL). Boyaca: Sogamoso y bosa Pajarite, 2,100 m, 12 Mar 1980, de Valle HY. Bernal En Putumayo, del misaria el below Sibundoy, I.E. 1953, Feb 06 m, 2,200 373 (COL); Cordillera Oriental, La 1009 Mora-Osejo (COL). Quindio: Camino 3,250 Playa, Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, m, finca 2,400-3,900 m, Servia-Valle Chiquito, 11 Cuny&A. B.A.B. PJ. 1957, Sep Grubb, Apr Soata, (COL, 795 Fernandez-Perez N.c. 30 US); (COL); 1550 al. et 1990, Velez Pijao, EI Feb m, 3,000 Espartillal, Vereda 2,600- Onzaga, quebrada de San Francisco, N.c. 4991 (COL); M.L. 1995, Chacon velez, 1958, 2 Aug m, 2,660 M. 815 Jaramillo R. de La Navarco LInea, (COL). Reserva Camino a Esperanza, La Caldas: Salento, Torre Cuatro, m, 2,900 GA. 1990, Nov a la finca, 75°23'27"W, 05°01'45"N, cerca 23 m, Galeano al. 2196 (COL); at. La 2,900 et 26 Mar 1999, Alvear-P. M. et Estacion 2,800-2,900 (COL); 280 B. Betancur 1992,]. 2,920 Montana, Sep m, 1999, Mar 26 m, Cordil- Manizales, Monteleon, (COL); 278 Estacion La Montana, 3775 (COL); et al. Sep 29 1984, Melida lera Central, 2,250 m, 4093 et al. Franco P. 1992, Oct 2,850 10 m, &]. Gal/ego 278 M. Alvarez H de Fraume, Sep Navarco, m, 3,000 1992, (COL); 24 47 (MO), (MO), (MO), 175 155 (MO), 209 (COL); la de Alto al 3966 cerca Navarco, (MO); (MO), 185 Manizales, Monteleon, (COL), Linea, 3,000 m, Sep 1992, 3664 m, Cordillera 2 May Central, 2,250 3 1985, (COL), 3609 3576 (COL), 3605 (COL), .. 1985, Aug 593 (MO). Cundinamarca: 3643 (COL). Risaralda: Apia - Pueblo Rico (NW 14 Montes de EI Ermitano, W of SaIto de km 16 Apia, of NW km of Pereira), Tequendama, 1959, 14 Lor- m, 2,300 Sep of Pueblo Rico, 05°lO'38"N, 76°02'37"W, enzo Bogota SW of (US); 3370 Uribe Uribe 1,890 m, 21 Feb 1990, Croat 70827 (MO);

42 T. HUANG, LAKE, C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 P. CROAT, B. J. 71 to km of trail Silento, EI Cedral, EI growth secondary forest with ele- 20 Rangel above 2,140 m, 15 Oct 1989, O. Pereira, trail of primary forest, on ments &. La Gentry (COL, 5701 Pastora, MO); (holotype, 69565 Croat Posada, La O. Reserva Ucumarf, 2,620 m, 13 Oct 1989, isotypes, 4369444; MO-3621874--85, Rangel et al. 5658 5620 (COL), 5573 (MO, B, AAU, CUVC, F, G, COL, CAS, 5429 5525 (COL), (COL), (COL); O. Rangel K, HUA, PSO, SEL, S, QCNE, NY, M, al. Cedral, 5923 (COL), 5330 (COL); et EI US, YEN). UB, 2,140 m, 15 Oct 1989, EI Silento, to trail brevis, Intemodis 4-7 cm diam.; cata- Reserva (COL); La 5738 Pastora, Ucumarf, phylla 30 longa; petiolus 100-140 cm cm 2,610 Oct 75°53'16"w, 05°06'47"N, 11 m, longus, 8-14 mm diam.; lamina ovato-cor- Ucu- 1989, 5421 (MO), 5331 (COL, MO); 70-130 cm longa, 50-95 cm lata; data, km of marf, EI Cedral, trail to EI Silento, 20 nervis lateralibus 17-23 utroque; primariis Pereira, 2,140 m, Oct 1989,5816 (MO); 15 12-28 spatha viridis; lata, cm 3-7 longa, cm center, town of NE km 12 ca Mistrato, 16-48 cm aut luteo-albus spadix viridis, 75°53'15"W, 1,800-1,900 m, 05°17'58"N, baccae rubro-purpureae. longus; 2375 al. G. Galeano, et Mar 17 1991, Epiphytic less or appressed), (often Pereira, Parque Regional Ucumarf, (MO); commonly terrestrial; plant with juvenile to La La Pastora, trail from EI Cedra Vereda mm long, cm 24-32 petiole 1-3 at diam. Cedral, Pastora 75°30'W, 04°02'N, vic. EI triangular-ovate, cm 8-22 middle; blade 1,900 P. & Croat 1990, Feb 19 m, M. internodes adults wide; cm 3-16 long, Vereda La MO); (COL, 70755 Galeano 4-7 short, cm diam.; cataphylls reddish Laguna trail Pastora, from La Pastora to above, brown brown drying below, pale Jul Otlin, del 26 m, 2,560 Bonita, Pena as long, cm 30 ca. to intact, tan fibers, an - 1989, M.P. Galeano 146 (COL); EI Ceil semi-intact persisting at upper nodes, as M.P. 30 Jul 1989, EI m, Cedral, 2,340 lower, fibers linear nearly loose a as or (COL); Galeano 2,450 m, 27 July 221 reticulum of occasionally with tips fibers, 1989, 151 (COL); 162 Galeano M.P. intact; persisting cm petioles long 100-140 Parque Natural Regional Ucu- (COL); at 8-14 131.2 (averaging diam. cm), mm marf, 12 Jun 1989, Gonzalez et al. 1567 F. middle, terete, deeply and narrowly sulcate Franco, 1989, Dec 2 m, 2,400 (COL); P. or sharply V-sulcate, age, in especially 2757 O. Rangel, E. Londono (COL); sometimes with striations acute adaxially et 13 m, 1989, al. 2,680 Bernal Jun R. 2-many with or semi- age, in ribs coarse m, 1989, Nov 25 2,700-3,000 (COL); 1628 glossy, brittle, green; geniculum medium 2181 al. et Galeano G.A. Tolima: (COL). 1.5-4 ovate-sagittate, blades long; cm acu- Cabana, La Murrillo, de Municipio Vereda at minate apex, deeply lobed at base 3,700 O. Idrobo, J.M. 1980, Aug m, 9-10 cordate at base, 70- or cordate-sagittate Rangel 10903 (COL); a Roncesvalles, la long, (averaging wide cm 50-95 cm 130 orilla la Las trocha hacia San Jose de de cm), 1.6-2.1 times 96.5 longer than X 78.4 L.A. Hermosas, 2,800 m, 19 Nov 1980, .8-1.0 broad, peti- the than longer times Santa Isabel, 7679 Camargo (COL); Ver- broadest at near point of petiole or oles, Oriental, tiente m, 15 Feb TPN L 39, 3,100 subcoriaceous; attachment, surfaces both et al. 6424 (COL). M. Jaramillo R. 1980, reddish bicolorous, drying semiglossy, Vda. Altaflor, del Cauca: Andalucia, Valle anterior lobe long, 60-100 cm brown; Tambores, los Canada 1982, Jun 9 m, 1,700 concave 50-95 cm margin; the along wide, L.A. Finca Cali, (MO)' 83 Zingara Millan cm 20-47 long, cm 22-45 lobes posterior Gensini m, 2 Oct 1994,jorge Giraldo 1,900 obovate, sinus inward; directed wide, 617 (MO). often closed, (6) 22- deep, cm 20-38 26 acute midrib wide; cm and slightly nov. sp. Croat melampyi Anthurium paler often round-raised, above, with Pla- Type: Narino: COLOMBIA. La below; and somewhat paler parallel ridges, road on Chucunes, above km 7 nada, and Ricaurte, Tuquerres between re- basal veins 9-11 pair, 7th and higher

43 AROlDEANA 32 , Vol. 72 l 15. d . Antinll ' ium mela117pyi Fig. (Croa a- 69565). a. Lea f blade , adax ia l s urf ace. Croat. b. Leaf b lade, abax ial surf ace . c. Ste m sh ow in g ca t ap hy ll s and base of petioles . d . Infl o resce nce a nd infru ctesce nce.

44 T. 13. , P. H UANG , J. L AKE , C. v. KOSTELAC , 2009 CROAT 73 a . Infl 6. a -b. Anthurium m el Fig. i Croa t. (Croa t 69565). 1 o resce n ce s ho w in g ampy spath e a nd spadix. b . Cl ose-up of spadix. c-d. Antburium mi c ro!,pa dix Schott. (Croat a nd 69636A) c. Fr es h , unmount ed sp ec im e n sh ow in g s te m, l eaves . infl o r esce nce. d . Infl o r esce nce showi x. spa th e a nd spad i ng

45 74 AROIDEANA, Vol. 32 coalesced prominently varying degrees, to a prominently posterior naked veins, basal raised below, upon at sunken above, least rib, primary the veins, lateral of pair 25-30 prominent, posterior mostly drying; rib arising veins collective from base near the naked; 17-23 per primary lateral veins well inflo- long-pedunculate the by as as (90°) departing midrib at 45°-60° side, with rescence the green spathe hooding and the yellowish raised white, cylindroid to narrowly and paler slightly angles, than broad to above, in valleys thicker spadix slightly emergent with tapered narrowly raised, tertiary below; and paler stamens. raised veins often sunken above, below; confused Anthurium melampyi could be base, vein collective one arising near from of with other members the sect. Belolonch- of last basal veins, extending along most of that especially A. striatipes, but ium, INFLO- margin; 1-5 margin, the from mm primary differs in having fewer species erect-spreading spreading- to RESCENCES veins lateral collective regular a less and pendent; long, cm 45-80 peduncle 5- which vein considerably further is from the 10 mm diam. at middle; spathe oblong, margin. It A. could also be confused with oblong-elliptic, subco- lanceolate, rarely or distinct is clearly species that but bogotense, riaceous, wide, 12-28 cm long, 3-7 cm veins origi- because its collective usually hooding spadix, sometimes somewhat from nate one of veins lateral primary the green, with moderately distinct curled, middle the above blade of the and have the veins; primary lateral veins white lower yellowish spadix surface or green, on the tinged faintly pre-anthesis, purple cylin- of the blade totally glabrous an with and acute medial A. melampyi In rib. contrast droid tapered, slightly slightly to pendent, have collective veins that arise from one angles 80°-90° at spathe of away curved from least at have veins basal lowermost the and to stipitate, peduncle, long, 16-48 cm .6- minutely primary the veins lateral and base, 1.5-1.9 at 1.0 diam. just diam. cm cm densely granular granular-puberulent to base, above .9-1.5 cm diam. at middle, .6- (at least on drying). 1.0 cm at apex. Flowers 1.6-2.0 mm diam. spiral; per 10-12 to mm 1.8--2.1 long, A. Anthurium melampyi is also similar wide, tepals stamens long-exserted; triangular; currently species a Croat, betanianum early pistils emergent Paramo known de INFRUCTESCENCES Tama from only the along the eastern of border near Venezuela 50-65 cm fruiting long-pendent; spadix While both species have very Colombia. 2.5 long, or more in diam. at base, to cm similar leaves, in differs betanianum A. cm at diam. cm 1.4 middle, 3 at diam. finer having cataphyll which are fibers apex; tepals blackened; reddish- berries and more reddish brown, while petioles are purple, at tip. green medial rib adaxially, a with unribbed is Anthurium melampyi known only becoming toward apex, the ver- flattened from southern Colombia (Narino) at the many coarsely sus least at (at ribbed the type area adjacent in and locality of base) and obtusely to sharply V-sulcate. 750- Ecuador (Carchi), at elevations from drawing The published Anthurium of 2,420 in Pre- m, above 1,800 m, primarily described Croat & Leimbeck obpyramidale montane life rainforest wetforest, Montane from southeastern Ecuador looks very zones. In the Carchi in collected been it has similar to species melampyi that but A. the Reserve. AW:1 Tobar Donoso parish in 51 arising the has the collective from veins 1 At La Planada it of common in all parts is the lateral both primary the regrowth one from or vein forest basal in occurring area, of and the collective veins are irregular- veins forest. in the and primary loop-connected. the contrast In ly collec- A Belolonchium, sect. of member this veins tive of one from arise melampyi A. of species inter- is characterized by its short regu- the lowermost basal veins and runs persistent nodes, reddish cataphyll brown close the the all margin to larly way to the fibers, terete, sulcate deeply and narrowly the obpyr- A. of blades addition, apex. In petioles, or size sharply V-sulcate large and surface gray upper the on dry iforme ovate-sagittate blades with pair 9-11 of

46 V. T. HUANG, J. LAKE, C. P. KOSTELAC, 2009 75 B. CROAT, Narifto: Ri- Paratypes: COLOMBIA. surface lower the pale grayish brown on Finca caurte, Chucunes, near Planada, La instead medium yellow-brown on the of Jan Gentry et at. 30540 1981, m, 1,950 13 on yellow-brown dark and surface upper (COL, 30565 MO) MO) 30545 (COL, (COL, the melampyi. lower surface on A. (MO); 30601 MO above km 7 Finca Salazar closely Anthurium metampyi is also Ricaurte, 26 01°08'N, 77°58'W, 1,750 m, Carchi another species new from related to 1981, Nov 35049 (COL, MO); Gentry in Ecuador represented by Besse Province Sendero "AI Rondon", 01°09'37"N, et at. as 2296 and Madison 2264 well as 1,850-1,950 77°59' 13"W, 19 m, 1996, June 4001 Tulcan-Maldo- the from and 3989 PSO), 2549 (MO, at. 2556 et Bittner (MO, 1,800 m 2,300 and between Road, nado 1987, m, PSO); 77°58'W, 1,800 01°10'N, elevation. That species differs in having a 8622 Benavides 01°09'37"N, (PSO); purplish to pinkish rather a than red spadix 77°59' 19 (PSO); 2601 at. et Bittner 13"W, greenish spadix. Jun 1996, 01°09'37"N, (PSO); 2556 At it is only to be confused Planada, La Borde 77°59'13"W, G. Herrera 9414 (PSO); with similar esmeraldense, which has A. Marcos, 01 °34' 41"N, 77"30' 48"W, 1,800 m, leaves, species member sect. a is but that of 1993, Nov 15 Restrepo A. & Ortega 740 persistent, cata- intact with Calomystrium to (MO); Mirador, "La Pina" Trail a more phylls, hooded spathe and blades m, 01°09'37"N, 77°59' 13"W, 1,850 Jul 18 with major paler veins conspicuously on La 2628 (MO); 1996, Bittner above Trail surface. upper the 26Jul m, 1,780 78°01'W, 01°05'N, Posada, 30540,30545, (Gentry collections A few PSO); (MO, 69569A Croat 1988, Along have 30565) metampyi A. and of blades Sendero 77°54'W, 01°06'N, Vieja, La 1,780- which more somewhat a with grayish dry B, (AAU, Croat 1990, 7 Mar m, 1,850 71172 spathe and thicker slightly drying some- S, PSO, MO, K, GB, F, COL, US); HUA, spec- what more these However, grayish. 01°10'N, 77°58'W, 1,800 m, 1987, Nov 1 lack imens it adequate field notes so is (MO, PSO, 8696 8682 Benavides COL), difficult to ascertain whether they represent 1988, Feb 13 PSO); MO, HUA, (COL, 9228 another species. Sep Sep 1989, 10893 26 (PSO); 27 (PSO); Another unusual collecton Croat is 10944 1989, 27 Sep (PSO); 10943 1989, 711 a sharply with petioles has which 72, (PSO); (PSO); 112231 1990, Jan 17 11225 sulcus V-shaped with acute striations in the (PSO); 1,800 m, 01°10'OO"N, 77"55'OO"W, adaxial with of the petioles, compared half 15 Nov 1993, Restrepo & 740 Ortega (MO); a smoothly, deeply, and narrowly sunken 78°01'W, 01°05'N, 7 Jan 1988, Gentry et al. material. However, all sulcus typical on 60554 at. et Gentry 1989, Jan 4 (MO); fit to seem plant the of aspects other typical 64466 Corregimiento Chu- (PSO); de material the species well. of cunes, 01°10'27"N, Occidental, Vertiente Spathe the for variable quite is shape 1,800 m, 3 Aug. 1992, N. Paz. 77°58'47"W, with most having species spathes 4.3-5.5 Ricaurte, Municipio camino (CUYC); 310 times longer than wide, but with some Cruces-Curcuel, 'w, 77"51 1°08'N, Las 5 and collections (Croat 69565 (sheet 9) 1995, Nov Ramirez B.R. P et at. 8691 9-10 times 71172) having spathes Croat Carebi: Goatal (QCA). at From ECUADOR. than wide. longer past EI to up and Rosa Santa hike m, 1,100 species This of honor in was named six Corazon 2,150 hours), at (about m old an friend who Michael Melampy, 2,150-2,420 00048'57''N, m, 78°07'01"W, Peace a collected a lot of plants while 1993, j. Bradford et at. 93 (MO); 10 Jun N in Colombia. He is now a Corps Volunteer across Lita, N- steep from Mira, RIO of side College professor at Baldwin-Wallace in Baboso, facing slope directly across from Berea, Ohio. Along Sue with AI Gentry, 78°27'W, 00053'N, Baboso, Rio of side on S Mitch and Hite, Libenson, Nance Olson A. & Boyte B. 1994, Aug Boyte 750 m, 11 was to Michael first Cogollo, Alvaro the Indlgena Awa, 3524 (MO); Tulcan, Reserva this collect 1981. species new in Parroquia Tobar Donoso, sector EI Baboso,

47 76 AROIDEANA, Vol. 32 cm 03 1991, 0053'N, margin; 78°20'W, from Oct .4-1 veins, collective m, 1,600 the middle pair the of at 271 at. et Tipaz Galo (MO). basal veins times also mm from forming a collective ca. 3 vein INFLORESCENCES erect to erect- margin. Sodiro, Anthurium membranaceum terete, erect, pale peduncle spreading; Ecuador 19(136): Anales Univ. Centro 5.5-28 20) long, (averaging long cm green, Esmer- 1905. Type: ECUADOR. 294. 2-4 mm diam.; spathe lanceolate, 7.5- aldas: Ventanas, near Cachabi, Rio 20 near cm wide, cm 1.5-2 long, broadest Aug. Sodiro 1904, G). (holotype, s.n. base, the pale green to reflexed yellow, pale Anal. Sodiro, crebrineroe Anthurium Univ. outside, reflexed-spreading, or semiglossy 15(108):10. Ecuador 1901. Centro tapered spadix gradually to glossy inside; Type: ECUADOR. Pichincha: Nanegal, pointed apex, pale yellow, green- the rather (holotype, B; isotype, G). green pale yellow-green, yellow, ish or var. Sodiro, mem- Anthurium ochreatum sometimes purple, creamy white, tinged with Anales Sodiro, (Sodiro) branaceum 6-28 cm (averaging glossy, nearly sessile, 1905. 19:315. Ecuador Centro Univ. 12.5 cm) long, diam. 5-7 5-7 Flowers rum Rio ECUADOR: Esmeraldas: Type: on 1.6- spiral, 2.0-2.3 rum long, principal Ventanas, Sodiro S. n. Cachabi near with ber- INFRUCTESCENCES wide. rum 1.8 seen). (not yellow-green. ries terrestrial; or cm 20-100 stem Epiphyte Anthurium membranaceum is known long, (0.5-) long; internodes 1- 1-4 cm Ecuador to from Colombia (Narioo) medium 1.5 semi- (-3) cm diam., green, at elevations of (Carchi, Esmeraldas), glossy; frag- cataphylls marcescent with 100 Narifio Carchi (in m 2,000 to and ments petiole remaining; epidermis of 18- Esmeraldas and in mostly above 1,200 m, (averaging cm 55 diam., 2-9 long, 33) mm mostly Tropical below 800 m) in moist sharply .9-2.4 (averaging 1.5 cm), and Tropical Premontane wet forest, forest, subterete narrowly flattened, sometimes and forest rain Premontane forest, wet subterete with with a weak, sometimes forest life zones. In montane wet Lower ribs, acute with or marginal rib medial at found Tu1can it is Carchi Gualpf Chico, matte weakly or medium semiglossy, Medio Canton above Maldanado, Gualpf 5-35 geniculum green; 3- long, mm in (900 m) and in Esmeraldas it is found diam.; mm blades pendent, 34-72 (-80) 9 Parroquia Tobar Donoso in the AW:1 (-33) 13-26 cm wide, X 47 (averaging cm Reserve. It common in both the is lon- 19 cm) (2.1-) 2.5-3.3 (averaging 2.7) La regrowth forest and primary forest at ger than wide, 1.2-1.8 times longer than Planada. the Xialophyllium, sect. of member A petioles, to narrowly ovate, narrow- elliptic to acute, apex, at acuminate ly obtuse is species recognized by its moderately at or base, thinly coria- rounded cuneate internodes, large thin, narrowly ellip- short moderately ovate ceous, to tic narrowly bicolorous, dark green or oblong-elliptic, with blades matte prima- close, numerous, above, semiglossy on paler below, matte to lateral veins, ry spa- and greenish-yellow both surfaces; convex and midrib narrow, It dix. differs from most in other species promi- pale slightly above, convex, more in section that leaves, larger having shorter nently raised and primary below; paler and proportionately thicker internodes, 15-27 lateral 50- at veins spreading pairs, and primary spaced closely numerous, 70° of the blade, to 60° angle in the middle veins. lateral near sunken narrowly base, above, the membranaceum can be Anthurium veins minor raised below, concolorous; most easily confused with A. ochreatum, above, weakly sunken weakly quilted, smaller relatively having differs which in raised below; 3 free veins basal base, to which subcordate at are base, blades outermost blade margin, at extending to whereas large membranaceum A. has the inner forming collective veins, times blades with eliptic base. round or obtuse forming of basal veins usually the pair

48 V. T. P. H UANG , .J. LAKE , c. CROAT, KOSTE L AC , 2009 B. 77 Fig . 17 . a --cl . Anlh w' i u117 membmnace u 1n So di ra. (Croa t 6957 0) . a . H a bit . b. L ea f bl ad e, g s sp a s urf ace . c . Infl o r esce nce sh ow in ial p ath e a nd ax di x . d. Infru ct esce n ce s ho w in g ad spa th e a nd sp adix .

49 78 Vol. 32 AROIDEANA, Additional examined: specimens COLOM- 633 al. Pailon, Aulestia. Carlos EI (MO); et 02 BIA. Narino: Reserva Natural Rio Nambi, below 45 ca. km Maldonado, 01°02'49"N, 800 La m, 26 Madison Nov 1979, 78°22'05''W, 1997, Pipoly et al. 21192 (PSO); Sep Jan 00054'OO"N, MO); (SEL, 7032 Besse L. & 16 1990, Planada, 01 °lO'N, 7r58'W, Benavides O1°lO'N, PSO); (MO, 11137 78°06'OO"W, 1,450-1,650 m, 1 Jun 1978, Madison 7.4 MO); (SEL, 4859 al. et km E 10777 1,800 m, 25 Sep 1989, 77°58'W, PSO); Nov (MO); (MO, 1989, Sep 26 10864 78°07'52''W, 1,393 of Chical, EI 00055'50"N, road Guiza, Rio of Valley (MO); 8795 1987, Croat 94933A 2004, 94833A; m, 19 Feb W of Chico, Gualpi Encampment, ca. Awa (MO); Tumaco, 21 km EI Espino to from 78°16'W, Ham- m, 1,000 78°07'W, 01°15'N, Ricaurte, 1,330 m, 15 Jan 1988, 00058'N, mel 17145 Above NY); (MO, La Posada 3232 3238 Hoover et al. (MO, QCA); (MO, 01°05'N, 78°01'W, (MO, 3253 QCA); QCA); 3254 QCA); Jul 26 m, 1,780 (MO, 1988, 3259 69570 Croat K, 3257 (MO, QCA); QCA); 3258 (MO, CAS, COL, HUA, GH, (AAU, MO, MEXU, L, YEN); US, SEL, QCA, P, NY, QCA); (MO, 3260 (MO, QCA); 3262 (MO, 3266 QCA); QCA); (MO, 3264 Mpo. Altaquer, vereda de La Armada, (MO, QCA); Nov 11 1,150 078°04'OO"W, 01°18'OO"N, m, 3268 QCA); 3270 QCA); 3278 (MO, (MO, (MO, 0058'N, Chico, GuaJipi trail, SE QCA); Imbi Rio MO); 1967, (COL, 3990 Mora Valley: Pasto-Tumaco, vicinity of "Palmar," Hooveretal. 18Jan 78°16'W, 1,330 m, 1988, (MO); 2721 of 01°08'N, 77°56'W, QCA); (MO, 2866 Ricaurte, 1988, Jan 20 3 km NW m, 71416 Croat 1990, Mar 14 (CM, 1,100 Jan 1988,. 2906 (MO); EI Pailon, ca. 18 45 Maldonado Rio Barbacoas, US); MO, MEXU, HUA, COL, km below 01°02'49"N, 78°22'05''W, Corregimiento Nov 29 m, 800 1979, Nambi, Madison Altaquer, Vereda EI Dec Barro, 01°18'N, 78°08'W, 1,325 m, 4 Besse San Juan: (SEL, MO); & Rio 7184 Environs Chical, at. °04'N, 78°17'W, (MO, P); 4849 4861 of 1993, Franco et 01 077°53'OO"W, 01°06'OO"N, (MO); m, 1,950 al. 1,200 m, 29 May 1978, Madison, et Penas (MO); 30534 al. et Gentry 1981, SEL); (F, 4752 Blancas, 20 km below Jan 13 Maldonado Sanjuan, Rio the on 00054'OO"N, 30571A (MO); Salazar Finca, 01°08'N, 077°58'W, 27 1978, 35047 78°11'58''W, 900-1,000 m, 1,750 m, 26 Nov 1981, May Guatal, Espejo: MO). (SEL, 4600 Mirador (MO); Sendero La Vieja 01°09'37"N, 78°07'47"W, 00049'40"N, Golondrinas las de 77°59' 1996, j. 21 M, 1,850-2,000 13''W, Jun Bittner 11 1997, Feb et al. 2593 (MO, PSO); July E. & Clark 2003, 7 m, 1,600-1,900 AI Golondrinas US); QCNE, Rondon, (MO, 8482 Folleco 2733 (PSO); 2594 (MO, PSO); 01°09'37"N, sendero EI Rio a Corazon, 77°59'13''W, 1,850-1,950 m, 19 00050'N, Jun (MO, 2517 PSO); (MO, 2520 1996, 24 m, Jan 2004, H. Va~as, 2,010 78°08'W, PSO); (MO, (MO, PSO); del (MO, PSO); et al. 4397 2523 QCNE). Mira: Norte 2521 Carmen, camino a Chical, 00051'N, m, (MO, 12 Apr 1941, 2553 PSO); 1,300 Sneidern 576 77°58'W, 01°lO'N, (COL); m, 78°13'W, 1992, Feb 10 2,000-2,200 al. 1,800 1 8676 Nov 1987, Benavides Palacios et m, 9699 (MO); Norte del Carmen, camino a Chical, 1,900 (MO); (MO); 1976, Nov 28 m, 00017'N, 754 2,000-2,200 78°13'W, m, 13 Nov 1992, 01°IO'OO"N, 1,800 Feb 10 m, 77°55'OO''W, Restrepo (MO); Golondrinas, Cerro Carmen, EI 9764 1993, 679 (MO); Ricaurte, 01°05'N, 78°01'W, 1,800 18-25 m, 2,000-2,400 78°11'W, 00050'N, m, 21 Dec 1987, Gentry et al. (COL, CM, MO); 7 km from 59657 Tumaco- al. QCNE, (NY, Tirado et 1177 Aug 1994, Y Pasto 24 m, 1,800 77°58'W, EI road unfinished Camano, road, Jijon MO); 01°10'N, Carmen-Chical, 00049'N, 78°12'W, 1,700- 1986, Jul & Gentry (PSO). Benavides 55023 ECUADOR. Rio of Ascent Carchi: Verde, m, 8527 8 Jul 2003, Clark & E. Folleco 2,300 m, 1,900 78°17'W, 00052'N, 1987, Nov 30 (MO, QCNE, US); Tobar Donoso, sector EI QCA); vic. Hoover Maldonado, (MO, 2113 Baboso, 00053'N, 78°20'W, 1,600 m, 03 Oct 00054'OO"N, 78°06'OO"W, 1,800 m, 15 Apr 1991, Tipaz et al. 243 (MO); Comunidad de 21 900 78°16'w, 01°01'N, Medio, m, Gualpi (QCA, 3996 Madison 1977, Tobar MO); Etnica Reserva Donoso, Sabalera, Awa, May 1992, Quelal et al. 710 (MO, QCNE); Centro 78°25'W, 00055'N, 78°32'W, 900 m, 22 Nov EI Baboso, 00053'N, 1992,

50 C. T. P. HUANG,]. LAKE, CROAT, V. KOSTELAC, 2009 B. 79 Putumayo, Narino, 17-27 m, Tipaz et al. 1966 Aug 1992, 1,800 Quindio, Risaralda, Valle del Cauca), Ecuador (MO); Tobar Donoso, 00053'N, 78°25'W, BoHvar, (Azuay, Cotopaxi, Carchi, EI Oro, Esmeraldas, Aug 1877 m, 1992, Tipaz et al. 17-27 1,800 Rlos, (MO, QCNE). Mor- Loja, Imbabura, Los Guayas, ona-Santiago, Napo, Pastaza, Pichincha, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinch- Sucumbios, Oeste". Anthurium microspadix Schott, (Amazonas, Cusco, Cajamarca, Peru ipe), COSTA Bot. 8(6):180. 1858. Type: Z. Huanuco,Junln, Loreto, Pasco, San Martin) (Type sn. Oersted Naranjo, near RICA, (Cochabamba, La to and Paz), to at Bolivia not leones Schott of Photo found; elevations in of 1,500-2,200 m, Tropical com- type). the as serves For #322 Pre- wet Premontane forest, moist forest, Croat (1983). see synonymy plete montane montane rain forest, Lower wet epiphytic; internodes or 1.5- Terrestrial forest life Lower montane rain and forest mm 5-7 long, cm green, pale diam., 4 zones. cataphylls intact persisting glossy; weakly Anthurium sect. microspadix belongs to at soon nodes, and weathering upper is Xialophyllium. characterized by its It base, fibers for except deciduous at the some long-petiolate elongate internodes, leaves, long, 7- 2-3 cm drying brown; petioles petioles, C-shaped less oblong, more or long 1- cm), 8.2 (averaging 9 cm leaf bullate moderately are blades which mm C-shaped, erect-spreading, diam., 3 semiglossy green- above and matte below, 3-ribbed adaxially, ca. 2/3 long weakly as drying blades, more or less cylindroid elliptic, narrowly blades as blades; the berries. green and inflorescences green apex, at acuminate rounded at 14- base, is most Anthurium microspadix easily long, 16.7 19 6.5-8 (averaging wide cm cm confused with A. amoenum Colombia in longer 2.1-2.5 broad, than times X 7.3 cm), is species That and Ecuador. distinquished 2.0-2.5 longer than the petioles, times thicker, generally having by inter- shorter broadest at middle, or near subcoriaceous, nodes the blades larger usually with and minutely bullate; upper surface dark green somewhat cordate base at the base. usually weakly lower moderately surface and glossy, examined: CO- Additional specimens paler midrib and matte; narrowly and LOMBIA. Nat- Reserva Barbacoas, Narliio: weakly valleys in deep raised above, ural Corregimiento A1taquer, Nambl, Rio round-raised below; and paler primary del rio Barro, margen derecha EI Vereda lateral departing side, per 11-14 veins 1°18'N, nambl, 78°08'W, 1,325 2 Dec m, ascending to 45° angles, midrib ca. at 1993, Franco, al. MO); (COL, 4788 et P. vein, above, collective sunken deeply Centro 1,780 1 °05'N, 78°Ol'W, Cientifico, round-raised below; tertiary and paler July La 1988, Croat 69636A (MO); m, 28 veins prominently sunken moder- above, 1,800 Planada, l°lO'N, 7r58'W, Sep m, 26 ately raised below; collective vein arising 0l009'37"N, 1989, Benavides 10835 (MO); the base, near from mm 5-7 from margin; Jun 7 m, 1,850-1,950 7r59'13"W, 1996, the INFLORESCENCES erect, shorter than 2503 Bittner ECUADOR. PSO). (MO, leaves; green spathe reflexed-spreading, at Goatal hike Carchi: past m, 1,100 From purple, tinged with curved along downward and at Corazon EI to up Santa Rosa margins; ca. pale green, semiglossy, spadix 2,150- 78°07'Ol"W, 00048'57"N, 2,150 m, scarcely 6 mm tapered to long, cm diam., 5 2,420 Jun 10 77 al. et Bradford m, 1993, j. emergent. the apex; pistils weakly INFRUC- (MO); 00054'OO"N, Maldonado, Above berries green. TESCENCES with immature 078°06'OO''W, 31 2,400 Jul 1989, Henk m, microspadix Anthurium ranges widely Werff der van 10820 & Gudino Edgar to Mexico (Chiapas, from Jalisco, Oaxaca) on Maldonado to road of SE mi. 9-10 (MO); (Toledo), Guatemala, Honduras, Belize m, 2,480-2,550 78°02'W, 0051'N, Tuican, Rica Costa Nicaragua, Panama then and 27 Rawlins 1983, Thompson & john E. Jul Colombia (Antioquia, South Ameria: in 911 (MO); 00054'OO"N, 078°06'OO"W, Huila, Cauc, Caqueta, Caldas, Choc6, 1,500 m, 08 Oct 1981, L. Werling & s.

51 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, 80 oblong blades adaxially; ribbed oblong- to 414 (QCA, MO. 430 (QCA, Leth-Nissen to acuminate narrowly elliptic, from caudate km Maldonado, 00oS2'N, at MO); ca. 10 at rounded base, 12-33 cm apex, to acute 1976, Aug OS m, 011- B. 2,5S0 78°06'w, 4-12 X 27.5 (averaging wide long, cm ca. gaard & H. Balslev 8473 (AAU, NY); longer than broad, 7.9 times cm), 2.5-4.5 Maldonado, 13 00049'S8''N, of SE km longer than the petioles, times 2-4.1 078°02'47"W, 2,600 Mar G. 1974, 01 m, subcoriaceous or near middle, at broadest Andersson I. & MO); Harling 12358 (GB, coriaceous; to weakly upper surface dark 23.7 MO); EI 12359 (GB, of km E Chical, matte, green, surface lower velvety; and 11.6 Maldonado, E 00oS9'01"N, km of weakly glossy mid- and somewhat paler; m, 2,5S0 078°11'37''W, Croat 2004, Aug 10 rib slightly and acute, moderately narrow, Campamento G. Ferry 93170 (MO); & than paler surface above, prominently Machinesca. of Maldonado, SE km 10 or paler and round-raised be- red-tinged 00oSO'23"N, 2,200-2,400 m, 078°03'21"W, low; primary side, lateral per 9-14 veins 1974, Feb 28 G. I. & Andersson Harling narrowly to etched-sunken above, sharply MO); 12291 (GB, to Ibana from Railroad raised as below, as prominent collective Lorenzo; San Rio 78 km Blanco, sunken vein; weakly interprimary veins 078°1S'30"W, Dec 14 m, 900 00047'OO''N, to almost equal in prominence above, & (MO, 1542 LB. Thien Dodson C.H. 1961, veins collective primary lateral below; road on to Tulcan-Maldonado, WIS); Km 60 one primary first of from arising vein 1973, 78°04'W, 2,700 m, 18 May 00oS1'N, 3-S lateral veins, mm from margin; INFLO- LB. Km S); (AAU, 5746 et al. Holm-Nielsen erect to spreading; peduncle RESCENCES 00oS3'N, 67 on road Tulcan-Maldonado, long, spathe 8-16 erect diam.; mm 1-2 cm May 20 m, 1973, LB. Holm- 78°04'W, 2,400 to erect-spreading, in re- even fruit, or Nielsenetal. S); Km on road 6120 (AAU, 71 membranaceous to chartaceous, flexed, Tulcan-Maldonado, 00oS4'N, 78°06'W, to cream, pale green, medium or yellow 1973,5984 May 20 m, 2,100-2,200 (AAU); green, lanceolate, mm 3-S cm long, 6-12 (AAU); (AAU); 6024 S); (AAU, 5999 6030 purple wide; spadix green becoming dark Golondrinas Hembra, Cerro Gualtal, EI green orange, greenish or tip, towards Aug 21 m, 2,800 78°08'W, OOS1'N, 1994, to cylindroid matte glossy, weakly to MO, Palacios Walter 12492 (CM, K, 4-9 weakly tapered, mm 2-3 long, cm SE road on QCNE); 7.8 mi. Maldonado of fruiting diam.. with INFRUCTESCENCES 2,400 27 m, to Tulcan 00oS3'N, 078°0S'W, spadix diam. at mm 4-11 long, cm 7-13 Jul 1983, Thompson & John Rawlins 884 base, diam. mm 3-4 berries apex; at (CM, MO). at rounded less or orange-red, more apex. Anales Sodiro, mindense Anthurium Boli- Anthurium mindense ranges from 17. Univ. 1S(108): Ecuador. Centro Colombia (Caqueta, (Cochabamba), via 1901. Type: ECUADOR: Pichincha: Cauca, Nariiio, Ecuador to Putumayo) So- Mindo, valley 1,S00-2,000 m, of (Azuay, Caiiar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Coto- (lectotype, s.n. diro B). Guayas, Imba- paxi, EI Oro, Esmeraldas, Terrestrial, hemiepiphytic, epiphytic, or It Morona-Santiago). Manabf, Loja, bura, cm or climbing; internodes 1-12 erect in primarily ranges prov- Ecuadorian the long, 5-18 mm diam., green, brown, or Pichincha also inces of and Carchi, but it is matte; reddish-brown, pale cataphylIs to quite Planada common throughout the La 4 long, drying reddish tan, cm bases occurs It area. the on principally western partially unorganized largely as persisting m Andes slopes at the of 1,200-2,SOO tan fibers; (averag- petioles S-12 cm long in elevation, Premontane rain forest, Pre- diam. at middle, 2-3 cm), mm 9.9 ing wet Tropical forest. wet and forest montane subterete and C-shaped, to sharp- narrowly the on occurs eastern also species The flattened ly apex, near less conspicuously of the most of the Andes but slopes lower flattened 3- narrowly often down, collections from the eastern slope belong

52 T. , lG, J LAKE , C. V KOSTELAC , 2009 CROAT B. P. ]-]UA 81 -d mindens e Sod ira . a, c -d . (O"oat 69636). a. Habit. I . Leaf blad e Fig. . 18. a Anthurium (O dix. t 69576). c. Infl o resce nce sh ow in g s p at he a nd spa . d. De tail urf ace "oa a l s adaxi o f sp adi x. o ne w a to A. mindense w hi ch s p. mindense "A. otated n n ch a re an hi o f ew va ri ety axo sa me t the to be from appear nov. " n. me A Xialopbyllium , thi s mb e r of sec Additiona l s pe Ci m ens examine t. d: CO- speci - es ca n be r ecog ni zed by it s e r ec t to LOMBIA. Nariiio : Al taquer Junfn Rd ., nd e r oad rn be tw ee n Altaqu e r int nd le , lo ng s habit e nt ong odes, e r a nd Junfn a l sca ades b l lo ng ob w ith mo re o nd a the r less 1,130 , 129-130 kIll ut abo 197 6, J a n 30 m , r primaly ve in s sca l ce ly a ny latera many d e L uteyn el al. 509 5 (COL); Base y cima than ry e pr o minent e rprim th e int mor a Ce rro L 78 e6 n , 01 °10'18" N, °00'09"W , as by th e infl o r n ce with esce ve in s, as we ll Ma er H errera G. , r 1997 & m , 7 2,148 Bittn 0 spa e r d a rk vio le t- a s le and th e nd n ee r a g , "W 44 n 58' °09'55"N 01 (MO); 9424 , purpl , padix e s 9151 , 20 , Ill o ng Jan ( MO ); Al 1997 1,8 50 ecies il to Pi a l ap f to Q ue brad a La Ca ll e d it a , is a pp a re ntl y tra w id e-ranging sp This 0 e s quit imilar to , 1,800 'W 55 ug n seve N, °10' 01 ra l ot he r m e mb e rs of m , 7 A ,900 -1 atwn Xia eyn & D. St ella Sylva S. 1 3920 lop hy lli um. Anthurium stip it Lut 1990, sect. e s, Alo ng La mi Vi e ja Trai l, o p e n a nd A. popayanens (MO); diff ra e e r potr fr o m A . nd- 0 e r, mo re ense te- ova prim ll sma ir th e in a rily Ill 01 °10' N, n 55'W , 1,8 5 , 00-1 ,9 00 la n arislatum . es blad late ceo AnthuTium ° 09' 37"N, 1990, 1 3850 O 'N ); 01 Aug 0 r n A. su ba n dinwn hav e mu °10'N, 01 ); (PSO Herrera G. 59'13"W, ch lo nge a nd 0 hy ll s w hi catap p e rsist inta ct, a nd lo ng , ch n 55'W , 1,80 0-1 ,900 m , 9 Au g 1990 , L u.- ca les. stipu nt sig nifi teyn (MO); & S. Sylva lla D . Ste 73960 0 01 m , 2 Nov 1987, n 10' 58'W, ° 1,800 N, e Be rlin Th e d was pifi toty ec l specimen it se u eca ected l se b o 's ir Sod re ntly appa was Benavides 876 0 (MO) , 8843 (MO, PSO ); ect ll co .luI nly nd a es i ec p s s thi of th e o on i m , 28 1,780 01'W, 1988, ° 78 01°05'N, first

53 82 AROIDEANA, Vol. 32 01°08'N, (MO, 69636 Croat PSO); lata; cm poster- longa, cm 72 lobulas 45 ioribus nervis lata; m, 29 Nov 1981, Gentry cm 17.5 longa, cm 23 1,7S0 77"S8'W, primariis lateralibus (COL, 35200 (COL, utroque; 35045 MO); 8-9 peduncu- cm 6 longa, cm spatha longus; cm 21 lus 11 35192 (COL, MO); 01°09'37"N, MO); 10 cm spadix lata; lon- stipitata 5-7 mm, 77°S9'13"W, 1,8S0-1,950 Jun 19 1996, m, 1 cm gus, diam. PSO); 2519 01°06'00"N, et al. (MO, Bittner 3.5 short, Terrestrial; internodes 6 Joel m, 1994, Nov 77°53'00"W, 1,800 cm cm diam.; petioles terete, 84 long, (MO); Jan 13 m, 1,9S0 427 Otero Tupac 7-11 drying weakly mm sulcate, diam, 1981, Gentry, S. Libenson, M. Melampy, N. drying light reddish blades brown, matte; (JUAM, M. Olson, Hikes, A. Cogollo 30587 & ovate-sagittate, cm long, 72 narrowly MO); 562 Restrepo 1992, Jun 27 m, 1,800 wide, cm wide, 1.6 times longer than 45 Planada La from Trail Pielapi, to (MO); as .8 abruptly times as long petioles, 1,600-1,800 01°04'N, 78°02'W, 22 Jul m, base at lobed deeply apex, at acuminate C. Benavides, Gentry, 1988, al. et Samper with the posterior lobes prominently Posada 63621 (MO); Trail above La inward turned and overlapping when 1,780 78°01'W, Jul 1988, 01°0S'N, m, 26 flattened, dark green and glossy weakly Croat PSO, MO, HUA, F, COL, 69576 (AAU, above, paler slightly semiglossy and below, YEN); 01°0S'N, 78°01'W, S, UB, 7 Jan 1988, weakly and yellow-brown medium drying 60562 Gentry, Keating P. & Benavides both anterior on glossy lobe surfaces; (MO); 01°10'N, 1,800 m, 1 Nov 77"58'W, cm long, broadly rounded on margins; S2 EI (MO); 8756 Benavides 1987, - La Mar cm long, lobes 23 cm 17.5 posterior Calladita, 1,SOO- 77°S8'W, 01°10'N, sinus wide; closed, 20 cm deep, mitered, 1,800 m, 29 Apr 1988, 9541 (MO); 30 Apr free 9 pairs, veins basal wide; cm 9 sl 1 the 1988, 77°SS'OO''W, 01°10'00"N, 9677(PSO); to and the coalesced base, remainder the 562 Restrepo 1992, Jun 27 m, 1,800 (MO); along poste- more or less regularly spaced 01°0S'N, 1,800 78°01'W, Jan m, 1988, 3 1h the coalesced veins higher and 5 rib, rior Keating (MO). 60312 Gentry & Phillip 8 to long; 9 rib posterior cm to long, cm ECUADOR. Carehi: Reserva Golondrinas, prominently curved, 8- sinus along naked Santa Estaci6n entre la EI y Rosa sendero slightly 8.5 midrib narrowly raised and cm; 1,700-2,050 Coraz6n, OOoSO'N, 78°07'W, paler above, round-raised below, drying m, 21 Jan 2004, Homero Va1I?as et at. 4224 raised narrowly and ribbed above, finely QCNE); (MO, Mira, Norte Carmen, del round-raised narrowly finely ribbed, and camino Chical, a 78°13'W, 00017'N, reddish matte and brown primary below; 2,000-2,200 m, 10 Feb 1992, W. Palacios arising side, per 8-9 veins lateral at 35-S0° (MO); Carmen EI 00050'N, 9759 et al. concolorous and acute bluntly angle, 2,000-2,400 m, 18-2S Aug 1994, 'w, 78°11 and above, slightly darker below; acute (QCNE, 1332 at. et MO); Tirado Milton the of from arising veins collective one Centro Gualpf Chical, Medio, 01°02'N, veins tertiary veins; basal uppermost in part 78°16'W, 900 m, Feb 1993, 18 Carlos prominulous INFLORES- below. drying Aulestia & (MO, QCNE). 1160 Grijalva A. peduncle CENCES erect-spreading; cm 21 cm 11 spathe long; 1.8 wide, cm 6 long, nestorpazii P. & Croat Anthurium times wide, narrowly than ovate, longer Huang sp. COLOMBIA. Type: nov. and hooding spadix, greenish naviculiform La Narifi.o: Corregimiento Chucunes, inside, matte outside, cream cream whitish a Planada, borde del camino que va heavily veined outside, matte and and Pialapf Quebrada La Calladita, hasta on inside drying, granular minutely acute Paz 1992, Aug 03 345 (holo- Nestor base, at rounded apex, at 40° at directed CUVC). type, cylindroid- spadix peduncle; the to angle petiolus diam.: cm 3.5 brevia, Internodia tapered, purplish violet, stipitate mm, 5-7 teres, 84 in diam. 7-11 longus, mm cm 10 cm long, 1 cm diam. at base, 7 mm apex. 8-10 Flowers from diam. at 1 cm anguste siccus; lamina ovato-sagittata,

54 T. P. C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 CROAT, B. HUANG, j. LAKE, 83 For complete synonymy see (B). spiral, long, mm 1.8- per 2.0-2.2 visible Govaerts (2002). Frodin & 2.2 tepals wide; mm conspicuously warty, the outer wide, mm lateral tepa Is .8-1.0 hemiepiphytic Epiphytic or inter- vine; the inner margins round- margins 2-sided, cm elongate, 3-7 cm 1-2 nodes long, ed. immature INFRUCTESCENCES with glossy weakly smooth, gray-green, diam., pink. berries to semiglossy; 2 cm long, to cataphylls endemic is nestorpazii Anthurium to 13 to subcoriaceous, to chartaceous cm Colombia, type the only from known black or persisting intact and drying long, at locality La Planada in Dept. at Narino often deciduous, remain- fibers a few with m wet 1,800 Premontane a in elevation petioles 27-50 cm upper on ing nodes; forest life its by characterized is It zone. (averaging at diam. mm 3-6 long cm), 39.5 internodes, cata- fibrous persistent short middle, terete or obtusely flattened adaxi- terete which petioles less or more phylls, unmarked, medium ally, drying green, ovate- narrowly the matte, smooth, dry to ovate-cordate blades elongate black; sagittate, yellowish brown-drying blades acuminate at triangular-ovate, apex, cor- prominently lobes posterior the with di- date 30-49 base, at cm 18-30.3 long, cm rected inward veins collective and with the wide (averaging 38.3 1.5-1.7 cm), 23.6 X uppermost arising from one of the basal times longer than times broad, .6-1.2 as well veins as by ovate, narrowly the than the broadest at or petioles, longer and the hooding purplish violet spathe point below slightly attachment, petiole of spa- purplish cylindroid-tapered, narrowly subcoriaceous to coriaceous; moderately and protrudens A. resembles It dix. A. both surfaces semiglossy to glossy, drying benavidesae promi- the having in spathe surface upper medium dark to black; spadix. nently hooding the lower surface slightly green; anteri- paler; species should The be compared with A. cm long, lobe 20-26 cm wide, 25-35 or Eng!. as obtegens and Eng!. caramantae A. at base; broadest lobes posterior 9-13 cm A. melampyi Anthurium melampyi. well as wide, at base, 9-13 broadest cm long, having enclosing less spathe differs in the rounded at directed somewhat inward, the spadix than and in having more 16 pairs deep; sinus spathulate, 7-12 cm apex; veins of (versus lateral fewer than primary rounded narrowly and midrib slightly nestorpazii). A. for pairs 12 Anthurium above, round-raised paler below; paler and having differs Eng!. caramantae blades in rd the veins 4-5 coalesced -4lh pair, 3 basal dry which a dark has and green yellowish rib (0.5) 1-6 cm; curved, posterior spathe purple-black with spadix a and primary naked; all at not partly to naked Anthurium stamens. exserted prominently lateral departing midrib at veins 7-10, in differs obtegens lobe anterior the having 45°-60° angles, ascending to collective along concave the margins, the posterior often raised, narrowly vein, slightly paler, less sinus 6 cm long, naked rib along than raised weak in valleys above, narrowly nestor- cm (versus 8-8.5 long in A. 2-4 cm and slightly paler below; interprimary pazii), primary lateral 3-6 veins pairs veins tertiary raised below; weakly veins nestorpazii) 8-9 (versus per side for A. as moderately collective obscure; aris- vein well as in having a spathe only 3 cm wide one ing of first basal veins, 4-11 mm from (versus to wide 6 cm for nestorpazii) A. from margin; INFLORESCENCES erect- stamens spadix not exserted with (versus spathe spreading; green, reflexed, brittle; for exserted nestorpazii). A. spadix ex- weakly pistils yellow-green; serted. Jahrb. Anthurlum nigrescens Eng!., Bot. nigrescens Co- ranges Anthurium from Syst. 25(3): 1898. Type: COLOM- 411. Cauca, Caqueta, (Antioquia, lombia Choc6, locis umbrosis decli- Risaralda, Narino, Huila, BIA. Antioquia: Cundinamarca, superiorum Hato-viejo, supra vium alt. Cauca), Ecuador del Santander, Valle (Azuay, m, 2,400 XVIII Lehmann 1884, Sep n. Carchi, Esmeraldas, Imbabura,

55 AHOlDEA 32 lA, Vol. 84 71 19. -d. Anlhurium Fligmsc ens Croat. a & Fig. (Croat a J 74). a. H ab it. b & d. (O'oat c. 69602). b. Leaf blad e adaxia l surf ace. c. Petio les a nd lea f blade abax ia l surfa ce. d. in Infl esce n ces sh ow o r g spat he a nd spadi x.

56 T. C. KOSTELAC, 2009 LAKE, HUANG,]. P. CROAT, B. V. 85 beginning Quebrada Tej6n Pichincha, Hond6n, Morona-Santiago, Rios, Los Loja, at Zamora-Chinchipe), Peru (Amazonas, Ca- .5 km beyond, °08'N, 77°54'W, for and 01 jamarca, Cusco, Junin, Pasco, Huanuco, 71490 Croat 1990, Mar 15 m, 780-800 Tachira), Venezuela (Merida, Martin) to San (MO, 1,780- 77°54'W, 01°06'N, PSO); elevations at (primarily m 750-2,800 of 1990, m, 7 Mar 1,850 Croat (COL, 71174 above 1,700 m), in Lower montane dry MO, PSO); La HUA, Posada, CUVC, forest, Premontane moist Premon- forest, 1,780 78°01'W, 01°05'N, 1988, July 27 m, and tane rain forest, Premontane wet forest 69599 (MO, 69602 PSO); (MO, Croat occurs It zones. life forest moist Tropical km from Tumaco-Pasto 7 road. PSO); of upper throughout the the elevations 24 m, 1,800 77°58'W, 01°10'N, 7, Transect Cordillera Western the of Andes in South- Gentry 55031 Benavides & July 1986, Ecuador. ern much and Colombia La At of Carehi: ECUADOR. (MO). Chical, cloud Planada, it was collected in primary Aug 00056'N, 78°11'W, 1,200-1,250 m, 08 Posada, along EI trail to forest above La the Vic. 1983, Thompson & Rawlins 997 (CM); along Sendero Hondon, Vieja. and La Maldonado, 00054'00"N, 78°06'00"w, uncertain Anthurium nigrescens is of 1,800 Madison T M. 1977, Apr 15 m, placed currently is but affinity sectional in SEL, 00056'N, (QCA, Chical, MO); 3995 sect. is and by Cardiolonchium recognized 1,200-1,250 78°11'W, m, 08 1983, Aug internodes, and its scandent habit, long Thompson E. Rawlins 1016 (MO); & John prominent tertiary blades black-drying with m, 8 'w, 1,200-1,250 78°11 00056'N, Chical, by its green, reflexed as well as veins 1983, Aug Reserva Tulcan, (CM); 1001 spathe and yellow-green spadix. Indigena Awa, Alto, Comunidad Gualpi easily A. martae with confused is most It parroquia Chical, 01°02'N, 78°14'W, as habitat well its to owing as by vine-like Jun C. m, 15-28 1991, Daniel Rubio, 1,800 its and ovate-cordate internodes elongated Centro 1613 Nastacuaz P. & Quelal (MO); blades differs it but in species that from m, 750 78°14'W, 01°06'N, Marcos, San 20- that blades having dry rather blackened & Mendez Patricio 30 1993, Apr M. greenish than rather semiglossy are and Jose Pai Aulestia, 172 (MO, QCNE); 288 martae. A. matte-subvelvety in as than (MO, QCNE); Centro Gualpi Medio, Croat 69599, A noteworthy collection is m, 900 01°02'N, 78°16'w, 1993, Feb 18 from other differs La at which material Carlos A. 1143 & (MO, Aulestia Grijalva Planada blades longer somewhat having in Rio Canumbi, 01°02'N, 78°15'W, QCNE); (1.9-2.2 than longer times ca. versus wide 1993, 19-28 m, Armando Feb Gri- 1,150 1.6 times longer than wide other for et at. jalva QCNE). (MO, 533 in and collections) cataphylls per- having sisting intact cataphylls versus deciduous or Grayum, (Eng\.) obtusum Anthurium fibers or semi-intact as a few persisting pale Phytologia 81(1):35. Type: 1997. at nodes. upper ECUADOR. Pallatanga, Chimborazo: noteworthy (Croat collection Another B). 2 Sodiro (lectotype, differs Narino) in Altaquer 71701 from near trinerve Miq., Anthurium Linnaea 17:67. having in blades that dry more yellow- 1843. Type: Suriname. Palmar Awara, brown and with finer reticulate venation a Forbe 120 (U). For complete synon- more and collective vein closer to the margin ymy (2002). & Govaerts see Frodin It another represents perhaps regular. more Climbing species. epiphyte; than less internodes Additional long, to 5 mm wide, brownish gray 1 examined: specimens cm co- along trail long, cm 2 to eataphylls drying; upon LOMBIA. Narifto: La Planada as persisting reticulum brown, drying a fine to La entrance past m 150-200 Pialapi, to on upper nodes; 77°53'W, 01°06'N, Station, especially Planada fibers, of Field 38836 (MO, and broadly D-shaped, petioles sharply m, 10 Mar 1990, Croat 1,700 PSO); adaxially, 13"W, 77°59' 01°09'37"N, sulcate Herrera G. 5-10 mm long (averaging to EI Trail (PSO); 9486 (PSO); 9526 8 mm), 1-2 mm diam., sulcate; geniculum

57 AROIDEANA, 86 32 Vol. ovate-elliptic, long; 3-5 apicu- blades mm cataphyll fibers, short-petiolate leaves, sul- at late cate petioles, ovate-elliptic apex, are to rounded at base, 3- acute blades that long, 1.5-4 (averaging wide 5.9 X 7 cm cm dark glandular-punctate on the lower broad, 1.8-2.3 cm), 3.1 times than longer surface by well as the short-pedunculate as the than longer petioles, times 2.8-3.5 and a with inflorescence erect spathe center, near or at broadest subcoria- the pinkish spadix. upper ceous; semiglossy to matte, surface easily Anthurium is obtusum con- most dark lower surfaces both matte, surface fused that with A. scandens var. but taxon glandular-punctate; midrib raised acutely differs having smaller in blades and re- above, narrowly rounded below; primary spathe. erect than rather flexed many veins lateral more scarcely and collections differ The from La Planada veins; than prominent interprimary collec- from substantially collections other of A. tive veins base, arising from from 2-3 mm lower elevations by having obtusum from INFLORESCENCES margin; erect-spread- elliptic to ovate-elliptic blades. Gen- more ing, shorter peduncle leaves; the than 1- erally those from lower elevations have long, mm cm diam.; 1-2 spathe erect, 2 oblong-elliptic blades. brown on drying, to ca. 2 cm lanceolate, Additional specimens examined: CO- long, 1 spadix white cm to wide; greenish Benavides Nariiio: LOMBIA. Recaurte, pinkish, 1.5-2.5 cm long, tapered from Km Road, Tuquerres on 63 Tumaco- Finca, 4 diam. mm diam. at base to 2 mm at apex. 25 m, 50 (COL, 34916 Gentry 1981, Nov INFRUCTESCENCES 4-7 cm long, 1- de Llorente, Tumaco, Corregimiento MO); or sometimes white diam.; 1.5 cm berries vereda Campoalegre, Carmen, EI Finca mm globose, lavender, pale diam.; 5-7 m, 50 11 Aug 1977, Diaz, S. et at. 1102 seeds per berry, oblong. 4-10 Re- Tuican, Carchi: ECUADOR. (COL). Anthurium distrib- obtusum is a widely Comunidad AW:l, GualpI de serva Etnica It Caribbean the from ranges species. uted D 78 Medio, 16'w, 900 D01'N, m, 21 May 01 Republic) area (Dominican Central and J. Taicuz Quelal, Carlos Galo Tipaz 1992, & Panama), to (Belize, Costa America Rica, 744 (MO). Antioquia, Caldas, Colombia (Amazonas, Guainia, Caqueta, Cundinamarca, Choc6, Engler, Bot. Anthurium ovatifolium Valle del Huila, Meta, Narifio, Putumayo, 25:437-8. Type: 1898. Syst. Jahrb. Carchi, (Azuay, Ecuador Cauca), EI Oro, Cotopaxi: Corazon, ECUADOR. Aug. Los Guayas, Manabl, Esmeraldas, Rlos, B; (holotype, 38 Sodiro 1873, isotype, Pastaza, Napo, Morona-Santiago, Orellana, synonymy see Croat complete Q). For Sucumbios, Pichincha, Zamora-Chinchi- (1999). Cusco, (Amazonas, Peru pe), Huanuco, inter- terrestrial; sometimes or Epiphytic Dios, Pasco, San MartIn, de Madre Loreto, nodes cm 2.7-5 short, cataphylls diam.; and La (Cochabamba, Bolivia Tumbes) to subcoriaceous, cm long, 25 persisting in as to well as Andes western the Paz) a thick reticulum semi-intact as of fibers, Bolivar, Apure, (Amazonas, Venezuela brown; petioles or reddish tan drying Guiana, Zulia), Amacuro, Delta French 60 (35-) 48-72 cm cm), (averaging long Guyana, Suriname Ama- (Acre, and Brazil V-sul- sharply U-shaped, 4-6 diam., mm in zonas, Roraima) eastern South America. ovate to broadly blades cate adaxially; It occurs at elevations of 100-1,850 m, apex, ovate, obtuse and round- rounded at primarily under Premontane in m, 900 long, cm 29-53 ed base, wide cm at 14-40 forest, moist forest, Tropical dry Tropical times (averaging X 49 29 cm), 1.2-2.1 moist forest, Premontane forest, Tropi- wet as long as times .6-.9 broad, than longer cal forest wet Premontane and forest rain petioles, the and middle between broadest life zones. base, coriaceous, and glossy moderately sect. to belongs obtusum Anthurium moderately bicolorous; midrib narrow, distinguished by Tetraspermium, and it is convex narrowly above, paler slightly and its broad, internodes longer than persistent

58 T. CH H UA NG, J. LAKE , C. V. KOSTELAC , 200 9 B. OA T , P 87 20 An th w 'i um ob tu sum ( En g !. ) G ray um . (C roa ! 49690) . a . H a bit. b. A nth ur iu m Fi . g. a. ov 6 . b . Leaf bl ade, ad ax ial surf ace and infl o r esce n ce t c- d . . at (foliu m , (Croa 9568) o f ix oa t. (C roat 696 13). lisp a d Ste m s h ow in g c ata phyll s a nd b ase Cr A n tb u riu m p en du c. Lea a dax ia l s urf ace a nd sp adi x o ves, ri g h t. o les. d. ti n pe e l ow ; basal veins 3- 7 pa ir s, ro und e d b e me r b ge nt, g r ee n , re d , eco m ing bri g ht fr 2 re ac hin g to apex , 1- 5 ge la r to base ly ee ute a ac t a pex . g w id e ly t ma rgin , va te rmin ating a ry in in ran A uriu m ova t(! oliu m ges - Co from nth lateral primary a rgin ; o m m fr dista nce nti (A a del lo mbi e ll Va ui no i ar N a, oq , p e r sid veins e , de pa rtin g midrib ca. 0- 2 30 Ca uca) ay , Bo li va r, Ca na r, to Ecua do r (Azu at ca. abov e , ke -sun ed a ngles, q uilt ° 45 n Ca im , Ch b o razo, Co top ax i, El O ro, hi rc a i te d-r pl ea se d b e low; IN FL O RESCENCES me raldas, a , Lo ja, ur n- ab Imb Mo ro na-Sa Es 5- lo ng , c m 45- 60 t; ec e r peduncle Na ago, ti p o , Pastaza ur a- un T ch in cha, Pi , g us , rt d , c ha exe fl re spathe 7 mm di a m .; aceo mo ra -Chin c a , Za hu (Am to e) hip azo - Pe ru me tim es tin ge d purpl ish o n li g ht g r ee n , so nas, ja ma rca, Sa n Ca Ma rtin) , at e le va ti o ns th e back a nd marg in , dr yin g d a rk bro w n , o f 00- a m , p rim 2,300 3 ril y a bo ve 1,500 m , lo ng, cm 16 4- 1 onta bl o o ng ; e, id w cm .5 2.5- 3 mo Pr em n e mois t J orest, T ro p ic al ist in p a le -g r ye spadix ee n to g r ee ni s h ll ow t, em on ta n e oms Jores Pr we ane nt emo t, Pr tJ ye ti p o r b row n , ll ow , g r ee ni s h t o w a rd , a nd tan e wet Jorest a nd t n Joms nli Mon sess Jorest es. It occ ur s rai ta n e il e o r wea kly s tipi ta te , cy lindr o id o r on Mon life z n w ea lo ng , cm 12- 20 t, ec r kly ta pe re d , e 8- ra e ll Cordi e We ste rn ch o f th mu o ug ho ut thr o ns . At ti La ev g he r e l hi t d ia m . a at es And o f the 10 8- , ase t b di a m. a mm 12 a mm prim a ry a nd Pla nad a , it w as fo und in ap ex; p o e n whit e. IN FR UCTESCENCES ll cy spadix e ja Vi to La il a ry fo rest, a lo ng the tra nd seco w ith fruiting lindr o id or wea kly 24- lo ng, 24-3 - ) (20 , ed r ape t 0 c m a nd a lo ng th e tra il a b ove La Posa da . A me cm di a m. at thi 32 cm di a m. s at b ase , 22-28 mb e r o f sec t. Digi tti ne ruiu 111 , a pex; pi st sp rl nt; ge me r y e rl s ea il y ea berries ec ies is mo de rate ly co mm o n. It is eas il y

59 AHO , Vo l. 32 I DEANA 88 ) G 21. An tbw 'i um obtusum Fig. ng \. a. ray um. (Madison et at., SELBY 78-22 18). a. (E Infl o resce nce. b-d. An lb urium ovatifoliu111 Eng \. (Croat 69568). b. Leaf blade abax i al of s ace. c. Ste m s h ow in g catap h y ll s a nd base urf petio les. d. Infl o r esce n ce sh ow in g infru ctesce nce.

60 T. C. KOSTELAC, 2009 89 LAKE, HUANG,]. P. CROAT, B. V. et (MO); km 6 ca. 2030 al. above Boyle blades coriaceous its by distinguishable which of on de Puente below just Maldonado, Palo basal veins pairs several with least slope ridge crest above road, apex, the to way the of steep extend at and part 00054'N, 1993, 23 m, 2,275 78°06'W, May the scalariform primary lateral veins, the lower the dark on punctations glandular B. Boyle & j. Bradford 1928 (MO); AW:l the emergent red early surface and blade Territory, of Community Indigenous berries. 825 m, 18 Alto, 01°01'N, 78°18'W, Gualpi any with confused not is species The 1995, Dec et al. Ortiz Alonso 9- (MO); 792 species at other La Planada and is distin- on mi. SE of Maldonado road to TuJcan 10 members from guished sect. Porphyr- of 00051'N, Jul 27 m, 2,480-2,550 78°02'W, have which also glandular ochitonium Rawlins E. j. & Thompson 1983, (MO); 908 punctations on at least the lower surface AW:l Community Baboso, Reserve: of by much larger leaf blades and the the Ortiz, 78°25'W, 990 m, 6 Ju11995, 00055'N, scalariform regular which extend veins et al. A. (MO); Chical, 12 km below 541 the veins. between basal °04'N, RIO San Juan, 01 Maldonado on the be might ovatifolium A. Elsewhere con- 78°17'W, T 1,200 m, 28 May 1978, M. Sodiro A.lingua species that but fused with 4695 Madison et al. (SEL); EI Pailon: ca. blades has which are typically narrowly 45 a along Maldonado below km foot ovate, yellow- dry and light elliptic not Donoso, Tobar to path 01°02'49"N, blackened. of instead green 800 78°22'05"W, m, 1979, Nov 27 M. T Additional co- specimens examined: Besse 7073 MO); L. SEL, & Madison (US, Reserva LOMBIA. Nariiio: Ricaurte, La m, 15 00054'OO''N, 78°06'OO"W, 1,500-1,900 El La Calladita, - Mar Quebradas, Planada, 1977, Apr 3963 M. (SEL, T MO); Madison 01°10'N, 7r58'W, 1,500-1,800 m, Apr 30 Gualtal, Cerro Golon- Faldas Espejo, El de 1988, Benavides 9664 (MO); 01 °08'N, drina Hembra, 78°07'W, m, 2,450 00051'N, 1981, Gentry 1,750 7r58'W, 26 m, Nov W 21 Aug 1994, NY, (MO, 12612 Palacios 01°09'37"N, MO); (COL, 35044 SEL); 1,800 78°25'W, 00053'N, QCNE, m, 1996, Jun 21 m, 1,850-2,000 13"W, 77°59' Tipaz Galo 1992, Aug 17-27 1986 al. et Bittneretal., (MO, PSO); 01°06'OO"N, 2592 (MO). 1,950 m, Gentry 77°53'OO"W, Jan 1981, 13 01°09'37"N, (MO); 30536 al. et Croat pazii Type: Anthurium nov. sp. 77°59' 13"W, fens Bittner 2626 (PSO); Nariii.o: Ri- COLOMBIA. Municipio 7r59'13''W, G. Herrera 9386 01°09'37"N, Chucunes, de Coregimiento caurte, 01°09'37"N, 7r59'13''W, (PSO); G. Herrera Vertiente Occidental, La Planada, 1992,Restrepo 29Sep m, 1,800 9536(PSO); Pialapi, hasta borde del camino a 55078 & G. Ramirez 611 (MO); Benavides 1,800 m, 3 Calladita, la Quebrada (MO); La Posada, 01°05'N, 78°01'W, (holotype, 329 Paz Nestor Aug. 1992, 1,780 26 69568 Croat 1988, Jul (CM, m, PSO). MO-6058103; isotype, MO, KRAM PSO, QCA, CUVC, LE, !BE, L, Internodia brevia, 4-5 mm longa, 3- TEX, S, RSA, 01°lO'N, Z); WWL, UB, U, diam.; 4 longa, cm 2-2.5 cataphylla mm 1,800 77°58'W, m, 1987, Benavides 1 Nov cm in fibris; petiolus persistens 18-23 01°lO'OO"N, (MO); 8692 77°55'OO"W, lamina longus; vel ovato-elliptica anguste 1,800 m, 29 Sep 1992, Restrepo & G. cm anguste 12-13.7 oblongo-elliptica, 01°1O'N, 77°58'W, (MO); 611 Ramirez 3.8-4.6 nervis lata; cm (onga, primariis Gentry 1,800 55078 al. et 1986, July 24 m, 4-5 spatha utroque; viridis, lateralibus (MO); 1,900-2,100 m, 01°05'N, 78°01'W, spadix viridis, mm 2.5 longa, cm lata; 2.5 P. 59745 Keating & Gentry 1987, Dec 23 mm 2 longus, cm diam. in 13.3 sessilis, RIO (MO). ECUADOR. CareW: San Juan siccus; violacea-purpurea. bacca Valley, Ortiz Ranch between Blancas Penas and Pail6n, N-facing slope below ridge El Epiphyte in high branches on canopy; crest 00049'N, Juan, San Rio above the with older sections internodes stems 78°09'W, 1,230-1,250 B. Jun 10 m, 1993, 4-5 very long but flowering portion mm

61 AROIDEA NA, Vol. 32 90 ~. ';1> ~c) 1I r. I. ~A r ~ T ... _j(!ttIUtll:.",rrouIOOlIll':.Wl.L~ Fig. a. Antburium pazii Croat . (Paz 22. a. He rba rium specime n. b-d. Antburium 329). pendulispadix Croat. b . Stem show in g ca taph y ll s and bas e o f p e ti o l es . (O-oat 77612). c-d. d. (Croat 13). c. Tnfrll ctescence. 696 Detail of infrll ctesce nce.

62 T. P. LAKE. C. V. KOSTELAC. 2009 91 CROAT. B. HUANG. J. is a member of sect. This species cataphylls short. 3-4 cm diam., 2-2.5 mm characterized P01phyrochitonium and is brown fibers persisting as reddish long. internodes, slender small by stature, its with of fragments peti- epidermis; some brown- oles cm the cm). 20 (averaging long 18-23 slender sulcate petioles, weakly medial weak rib. ish-drying narrow leaf blades with a sulcate a weakly with light with brown, dark to upper diam., mm midrib 2-3 and drying raised narrowly blades narrowly ovate-elliptic to matte; the undulating primary veins dried lateral oblong-elliptic, narrowly 12-13.7 long, cm the especially veins by collective and but wide (averaging X cm 13 4.2 cm), 3.8-4.6 very slender needle-like spadix and violet- times 4.6 longer times .6-.7 wide, than as purple berries. or middle at broadest petioles, as long species The is closest to Anthurium below slightly the middle, gradually acu- a Sodiro pedunculare sect. of species minate at apex, acute to weakly attenuate at P01phyrochitonium long-tapered a with dark base, paler above, matte and green spadix in differs but that species having gray-brown drying and matte below, dark glandular-punctate upper the surfaces blade yellow-brown and and matte above, paler and areolate with usually a conspicuously matte below, upper surface eglandular, areolae and brown spot in the glandular- on magnification; minutely granular drying the surface with brown- on punctate lower lower glandular- dark densely surface on irregular surfaces. blade the ish, markings sometimes punctate; midrib narrowly and Although also glandular-punctate on the above, raised, acutely weakly paler some- upper surface, A. pazii has much more what lacking below, concolorous and acute conspicuous glandular the on punctations punctations; glandular lateral primary upper conspicuously surface, lacks the arising angle; 4-5 veins 55-60° at pairs, areolate much upper surface and has a the collective veins arising from base, 4- pale, surface lower dried with sub- darker 5 mm from the margin, equal to the circular flowers of the addition In markings. primary lateral veins, both the collective A. and much are have pedunculare broader veins and drying veins lateral primary the inner margin the tepals lateral of the thin concolorous, and weakly undulated rounded (versus with the flowers very erect; sufaces. both on INFLORESCENCES narrow with the inner margin straight). mm drying long, cm 23.5 peduncle 2 honor named The of is in species yellow-brown; spathe 2.5 long, wide, cm the Paz, botanist formerly Nestor from green, mm wide, folded spreading, 2.5 many Universidad del Valle who collected down ending margins, the along abruptly species Pla- La from new and interesting and acute apex, at short-apiculate and nada. angle; spadix 45° at peduncle joining 13.3 drying long, cm greenish, sessile, pendulispadix Croat Anthurium sp_ 2 mm wide, wide; 66 times longer than Type: Narino: La nov. COLOMBIA. on an tip needle-like tapered to almost on Chucunes, above 7 km Planada, drying. per spiral, visible 2-3 Flowers Ricaurte, between Tuquerres and road 1.2-1.5 wide; mm long, mm drying 4 ca. swampy plain S of Sendero Natu- flat wide, tepals 2-2.4 mm the outer margin 2- ral, Croat 69613 (holotype, MO- inner angle, broad a at meeting sided, 3636035-8, MO-4319428, MO- nearly stamens emerging margin straight; AAU, isotypes, 4369443; CAS, B, just above the tepals; anthers .4 mm long, F, G, GB, GH, HUA, COL, CUVC, divaricate; .6 mm wide, thecae broadly PSO, P, K, M, JAUM, MEXU, QCA, NY, pistils .6 .4 mm diam. INFRUCTES- X QCNE, S, US, UB, TEX, SEL, YEN). 20 cm long, berries violet- CENCES to Internodia purple. mm 6-9 longa, cm 6-12 fibris, in persistentia cataphylla diam; pazii from the is known only Anthurium cm 27 13-30 cm petiolus longa; longus, at locality type m 1,800 Planada La in at C-formatus, acute pluricostatus; sulcatus, life Premontane wet forest zone.

63 92 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, vel ovata, 16- lamina elliptica anguste in known is pendulispadix Anthunum 35 lata; (Carchi, Ecuador and (Nariflo) nervis cm longa, (5-) 10--14.5 (-IS) Colombia lateralibus primariis from primarily Esmeraldas), a to 1,200 spath 5-9 utroque; suffusa viridis, rose a et purpurea, 8-1S cm from m elevations (3 specimens I,SOO longa, (-42) cm cm spadix 22-36 lata; 5-9 Esmeraldas at elevations 900 below m), in longus, forest albae. baccae diam., mm 2-4 Premontane wet life zone. Anthunum is a member pendulispadix Terrestrial scandent; or often epiphytic, This P01phyrochitonium. of is pecies sect. diam., internodes 6-12 cm long, 6-9 mm the area to abundant in the swampy south medium green, turning brown; cataphylls Sendero the of long, cm drying the in frequent Natural, subcoriaceous, to ca. 27 the open area along trail behind the Centro persisting tan, at semi-intact nodes, upper apparent lower reticulum loose coarse, a as is on and occasionally in Cientifico, primary the forest well. as It recognized is brown; reddish plants, fibers drying light petioles internodes, clasping long semi-intact, cm), 22 (averaging its by cm 13-30 long long-petiolate, fibers, cataphyll or more C-shaped, diam., sharply mm 3-5 sulcate; green dark are which blades less elliptic geniculum darker drying long, cm l.5-2 glandular- and velvety above with dark elliptic or more blades to petiole; less than punctations surface, its by lower the on narrowly ovate, apiculate to narrowly berries white depressed-globose its and acuminate apex, 16- base, at rounded at yellowish pendent usually long, slender wide 35 cm long, (5-) 10--14.5 (-IS) cm green spadix (hence the name A. pendu- 29 (averaging times, (-4) l.8-2.S cm), X 12 lispadix). times (-2) 1-l.7 (0.5-) than longer broad, be This confused species could with a petioles, the than longer or at broadest similar species: that upper coriaceous; middle, but below slightly A. pachyphyllum, species differs from this species green having lower velvety; and in dark surface much wider larger spathes, somewhat blades, slightly paler, semiglossy, surface both diam. greater a much of surfaces glandular punctate; acute midrib and spadices and paler above, convex and much paler Nariiio: Barba- Paratypes: COLOMBIA. 2 coas, below; km Barba- of Junfn on N road pairs, 5-9 veins lateral primary to road, 01°21'N, 45-50° angle etched woods along above, at arising in coas, below; raised weakly 7SolO'W, interprimary Ham- B. 19S6, Nov veins m, 1,200 IS COL, (CM, 15760 Bernal R. & pairs, 2 arising weak; veins MO, collective mel PSO); from Corregi- above, sunken narrowly base, near Nambi, Rio Natural Reserva convex than surface first and darker below, miento Altaquer, Vereda 01 °IS'N, EI Barro, 1,325 et P. Franco, 1993, 4 Dec m, 7S00S'W, 4-6 second the margin, from mm 18- (COL); 5149 4869 (COL), (MO); 4847 al. 23 INFLORESCENCES margin; from mm I,SOO m, (-45) cm long, 3- erect; 20--35 peduncle 1 Nov 01°lO'N, 19S7, 77°5S'W, spathe purplish; (PSO, COL, K); reflexed- 8733 Benavides diam., mm 5 Along trail Calledita, La to Pialapi beyond Quebrada subcoriaceous, recurled, green pur- tinged ple, light green or lanceolate, 8- m, I,SOO--I,900 7r5S'57"W, S 01°0S'05"N, maroon, Sylva & cm 5-9 spadix long, cm IS Luteyn 1990, Aug wide; yellow- (NY), 13938 maroonish, green, ish grayish, or 01°0S'05"N, 9 m, I,SOO--I,900 7r5S'57"W, white, sessile, 1990, Aug more (NY); 13956 or °09'37"N, 01 less cylindroid, 22-36 (-42) brownish cm mm diam.; tepals 01°05'N, 2-4 long, 2651 Bittner (PSO); 77°59'13"W, 7S001'W, turning gray-green, I,S50 greenish, yellow, pistils July 19S5, Croat m, 2S 77°5S'W, OloOS'N, PSO); (MO, 69669 with white purple. finally emergent pistils, Flowers 35048 per primary Gentry 3.1-3.5 2-3 mm 1,750 m, 26 Nov 19S1, spiral, Borde (MO); 01°lO'OO"N, Hermogenes, long, wide; INFRUCTES- mm l.5-2.0 ca. to spadix fruiting with CENCES 77°55'OO"W, I,SOO m, IS Nov 1993, Re- berries 40 1993, cm Nov IS long, to ca. 1 cm m, strepo 772 (MO); I,SOO diam.; 4 mm diam., white, depressed globose, Pielapi, 772 (MO; 20 Nov 1993, 801 (MO); 01°04'N, 7S002'W, 22 m, 1,600--1,SOO Jul 3.5 apex. at depressed high, mm medially

64 T. 13. T , P. H UANG, .J. LAKE , c. V. KO STELA C, 2009 CROA 93 1 1 I! 1l11li1 1U II'!J659 ~,~ u rh hpl-"'" 1'1. ... .10. Tt.,u a', n'U'1I Iln"l~OO .. I ' A I IBIIIJIllD OU!SS2 1 Ii! -"<~~ ... "¥. ," . ~f'< ' . ... .. , ... . ' '''' .. , . ,.~;_ . , • . ... ~ •• ~ . ~~ .. " . .. 1> . , ... . "" " . .. ... , , ... "., ... • ..,..~ . , " .. _ >«I' f"ACJWCTOT.f£C10CEDCI"I)(;' HE'ruIV/l ... lVAALlJI,l'IHW)A.COU)I.IlIA II ANlHUmUM .. ~i '" f'O

65 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, 94 cm cordate, to triangular 15-20 7- long, Gentry et at. 1988, 63659 (MO); 01°05'N, 10 cm cm wide; 60 ca. to stems with adult 78°01'W, 1,780 1988, Croat 69583 26Jul m, (1-3 cm long; internodes short long), 2- (MO, 01 m, 1,800 77°58'W, °lO'N, PSO); 15 brown; 3 cata- cm diam., drying reddish 1 Nov Nov 1987, Benavides 8920 (MO); persisting long, cm 10 to phylls coarse as (COL, 8733 1987, 01°lO'OO"N, MO); K, reticulum with fibers longitudinal of a few 20 Nov 1993, 1,800 Re- 77°55'OO"W, m, fragments at of epidermis upper nodes, strepo (MO); 77°58'W, °lO'N, 01 801 longitudinally somewhat organized below, 25 et al. 55139 Jul m, 1986, Gentry 1,800 reddish fibers tan; fresh, brown drying 55140 (MO); Gentry, (MO); Trail EI to 70-80 (averaging petioles cm long La of SW km Hondon, 5-12 Planada, cm), sometimes terete, diam., 76 4-6 mm 78°02'W, 0l004'N, 1,750-1,800 Jan 6 m, obscurely sulcate adaxially, narrowly and Gentry et 60507 al. 1988, (MO); matte, almost asperous, weakly striate; 14 m, Apr 0l008'07"N, 77°58' 57"W, 1,800 cm 2-3 purple, geniculum swollen, tinged 110 (HUA); Rio Nambi, Giraldo 7 km 1992, at long; blades ovate-cordate, acuminate of 1,100- W 78°04'W, 01°18'N, Altaquer, cordate 49-57 apex, at base, cm long, 24- 1,130 (MO, 71612 Croat 1990, Mar 20 m, cm cm), 26 25 wide (averaging 53 X 2-2.2 ECUADOR. PSO). Carehi: Reserva Tulcan, times longer than broad, .7-.75 times Indigena Parroquia Tobar Donoso, Awa, at or broadest petioles, the than longer 78°25'W, 00053'N, Central Baboso, EI near point subcori- attachment, petiole of Tipaz et 17-27 al. Aug m, 1992, 1,800 aceous, dark green and matte above, (MO); 1963 m, 1,800 78°25'W, 00053'N, moderately below, paler and semiglossy QCNE). (MO, 1985 1992, Aug 17-27 dark drying reddish brown; brown above, Esmeraldas, Lita-San Lorenzo Road, cm anterior the 34-38 lobe lateral long, m, W km 5.5 of Alto Tambo, 685 straight; almost margins posterior lobes 1999, Oct 17 29"W, 78°33' 00057'04"N, wide, cm 15-19 cm long, direct- 9.5-11.5 W km 11 QCNE); (MO, 83433 Croat EI of sometimes lobes the and inward ed Tambo, 9.7 Durango, km W of Alto overlapping specimens; dried sinus on 01 8 Jul, 1998, Croat 78°37'03"W, °02'31"N, cm wide; deep, 14-18 cm 5 obovate, QCNE). (MO, 82558 midrib purplish and raised acutely below; and paler above, round-raised Anthurium Croat sp. planadense nov. st 1 pair (_2nd) the pair, 8-9 veins basal COLOMBIA. Type: Nariflo: La Pla- to base, the free variously the remainder on Chucunes, km 7 nada, above road cm, coalesced acutely raised below; 9-11 between Tuquerres and Ricaurte, 6-10 cm, rib posterior broadly naked along La Sendero Vieja, along ridge curved; primary lateral veins 15-25 per top in direction of La Pina, 1°06'N side, departing angle, 60° ca. at midrib m, 7r54'W, 9 Mar 1990, 1,950-2,010 deeply quilt- collective vein, ascending to (holotype, 71213 MO-3827493- Croat be- raised prominently above, ed-sunken 5; CUVC, GB, COL, K, NY, B, isotypes, low; collective vein arising near from US). S, PSO, base, primary lateral as prominent as Internodia brevia, 1-3 cm longa, 2- from margin; 1-2 mm INFLORES- veins, fibris, in cm diam.; 3 cataphylla persistentia erect-spreading; 22- CENCES peduncle lon- cm ad petiolus longus; cm 10 70-80 long, cm 27 red- diam., mm drying 2-5 4-6 mm diam., teres; lamina ovato- gus, dish-brown; spathe cm 7-9 lanceolate, cordata, 49-57 24-26 cm longa, cm lata; long, 2.0-2.7 green, wide, tinged cm nervis primariis lateralibus 15-25 utroque; veins weakly maroon on and within marronina, suffusa viridis cm spatha 7-9 outside, hooding spadix, acu- lanceolate, cylindraceus, spadix lata; cm 2.0-2.7 longa, minate at apex; spadix maroon, cylin- marroninus, longus, cm 7-9 5-7 mm latus. 5-7 diam. droid, matte, 7-9 cm long, mm 20- juvenile with petiole Terrestrial; 10-12 on the primary spiral, 2.0- Flowers blade 30 ovate- diam.; mm 1-2 long, cm 2.3 mm long, 1.7-2.0 mm wide, pistils

66 LAKE T. T , P. HUANG , J. CROA , C. V. KOSTELAC , 2009 B. 95 Fig . 24. a -d . Anthurium plana dense Croa t. (Croa t 71213). a. H ab i t. b . Lea f b lade, adax ial surf ace . c. Lea f b lade, a bax ial surf ace sh ow ing ve natio n . d . Inn o r esce nce sh ow ing spa th e a nd sp adix.

67 32 , Vol. AROlDEANA 96 (Herrera . n t1 " iu 1n p l anadense Croa t. Antl & Bittner 938 1) . a . De tail o f g . a . Fi 25 o r infl Ant h urium protrudens Croat. (Rest 1'epo 786). b. Leaf blad e, a d ax esce nce. b-d. ia l d . Infl a rium speci me n sh ow in g ca ta ph y ll s a nd infl o r esce nce. Herb o r esce nce c. surf ace. sh path e a ow s padix . g s in nd lo ng ge nt; s tam e ns exse rte d ; pol- ch mu a has um t mo re a e, peduncl me r sh , e w hiti b l e r . ade ed ro na rrow a s, a nd sinu und le n white. g a in hav in differs tungarabue w'iu111 An th re ntly um is planadense i appa Anthur ro mo re mu ch owe na rr nd s a s inu e d und r e nd em ty ic to th e typ e loca in La Planada li blades . thuri icum s ha r ca es a l vu um An n Colombia ns e planad A. the name (he nce e), si mi lar b lade, but has a r ge la r ch mu (Na was wher o), e . I t rii'i e it is mod e rate ly rar and o r infl e. r ge lo n peduncl ce n esce a lo ng Vie ja, ndero lo ng Se y a a nd nl n o see COLOMBTA. e: Paratyp , Ricaurte Nariiio: ridg e top in direction of La Pina at e nsal y la La a nada , e ntr e ce rro inci Pl up Premontan in m , 2,010 to elevations e ho nd o nada a Le6n Cerro , 01°10 ' 18"N , forest wet life ne. zo 1997 Feb 13 m, 1,850 G. , , °00'09"W 78 me A sec t. mb e r of Belolonchium, th is (MO , PSO ). H & 'era Bittnel' 9381 en sp ecies can zed b ily r ecog eas b e y it s ni s tri c tl y te rrest ri a l h a bit , close ly spaced era lat rr , na rt s ho in s, its l ve ow primaly Allthurium protrudens Croa t sp. nov. it ncle, n , pedu nd aroo m e nt, stubby, p e s Typ e : CO LOMBI A. Na rii'i o : La Pla ncla , h o id lindr s padix, a nd cy ood in p athe. g s urt above Ri ca laza e, Sa r Finca 7 km thi s Although oo ks somew hat spec ies l premontane 08'N ° 01 , fo rest wet , ot sec of e rs mb me er h t. s imi la r to l severa 1,750 7r58 ' W, m, 29 Nov 198 1, A. h Belo onc in l bi um, it differs from eac Genii]! 35 1 90 ( ho l otype, MO- rt o ra l imp seve tremu- um tb u ri An . ways a nt 6065898-900902; isotype, CO L).

68 C. T. P. HUANG, J. LAKE, CROAT, V. KOSTELAC, 2009 B. 97 diam., mm 11 long,l 9 em to short, dunc1e brevia, Intemodia 5 em diam.; cataphylla persistens longa, in fibras brunneus; erect, spathe ad 32 em brown; light matte, drying latus, 2 em ca. longus, 1 m ultra petiolus cm longer times 2.8 cm 10.5 long, wide, 30 subteres, lentiter sulcatus; lamina ovato- matte, than dark broad, bright red, drying sagittata, 73-74 longa, em lata; em 110-115 brown gray- reddish medium outside, nervis primariis lateralis nervis &-9 utroque; narrowly brown inside, acuminate at apex basalis 11 em 30 erecta, spatha utroque; (-12) acumen the surface inner inrolled; tightly longa, em 30.5 spadix ruber; lata, em 10.5 9 ca. with veins; spadix 30.5 cm long, 1.3 diam. em longus, ad diam. 3 em basim, narrowly diam. cm 1.3 and rounded at siccus, ruber. medium ad in base, 3 midway diam. em when dried, diam.; internodes short, 5 em Epiphyte; diam. 1 cm at 1 bright tip, cm from red. cataphylls brownish light long, em 32 to 21-25 Flowers visible spiral, 2.6- per in persisting fiberious, mass; dense peti- wide, drying 2-2.3 long, mm 3.0 me- mm 2 em more ca. long, 1 m than diam., oles dium dark brown, matte sparcely and thick- weakly sulcate subterete, and medium lateral granular; 2.6-2.8 tepals wide, mm yellow-brown drying; blades on and matte 2-sided, margins margin almost outer inner 110-115 ovate-sagittate, em long, em 73-74 straight; stamens 1 mm long, 2.0-2.2 mm lower in sinuate margins, wide, the 1/3, wide, erect just held in tepals the above a tissue unable to flattened be without thecae dense cluster, all divericate; not at folding; upper surface drying minutely pale pollen yellow wrinkled and at higher magnifica- glossy Anthurium only known is protrudens granu- tion; surface drying minutely lower from the type locality at La Planada in lar; 77-80 lobe anterior long, em 71- 1,750 at Dept. Nariflo in a Premontane m, 75 X 78 (averaging wide em 73 em), 1.1 forest wet life zone. longer times rounded broadly broad, than This species is a of sect. member margin; the and sinuate somewhat along by and Belolonchium, its characterized is lobes 20- long, em 31-36 posterior short internodes, reddish persistent brown and incurIed prominently wide, em 21.5 large subterete its fibers, cataphyll petioles, closed, sinus rounded at overlapping; brown-drying with ovate-sagittate, blades deep, apex, 21-26 em 16-18.5 em wide; broadly the curving posterior ribs naked midrib acute and paler above, narrowly to 12 basal veins, all but one of them up and drying acute rounded and paler below, the coalesced is It rib. posterior into fine with ribs the sides above; along above by characterized especially red bright its 85 anterior lobe long, broadly convex em and spadix protruding it large and spathe margins, prominently lobed the at along stamens the protrudens). A. (hence name base; veins pairs, &-9 lateral primary can easily with confused A. benavi- It be at arising and acute drying angle, 45-50° desae which also occurs at La Planada. That concolorous almost above, narrowly similarly has species large brown- shaped darker below; rounded and collective blades drying differs by having the but from one of the primary arising veins collective the from veins originating of one lateral in the veins 1/3 upper blade, of 3- a in the lowermost basal veins, having 6 mm from moder- veins tertiary margin; spathe cream greenish spadix. and In a pink st veins (-12) 11 1 basal pair, ately obscure; contrast has veins the protrudens A. collective to pair free the base, the remainder arising from lateral primary upper the of one posterior regularly branching off the rib, 4 spathe red a bright and veins spadix. and the ascending of them and merging with margin insertion, petiole above the the inflorescence mounted only The Note: was 1 veins curved basal remainder lowermost be what of could with three additional pieces the and merging with upward margin and peduncle petiole makes or field the notes petiole the below insertion; posterior rib no mention the of length of the peduncle so it em 17-17.5 curved, naked long, markedly could be short 1 m to be up long. or it could 13-14 cm; erect; INFLORESCENCES pe-

69 AROIDEANA, Vol. 32 98 Pla- COLOMBIA. Paratype: La Nariiio: to next vein, last from arising basal last or 01°lO'OO"N, INFLORESCENCES margin; from mm 2-4 nada, borde Hermogenes, 2- erect; peduncle 19-25 cm long, 1,800 Re- 7r55'OO"W, 1993, Nov 18 m, spathe reflexed 5 mm diam.; to recurled, & A. Ortega 786 (MO). strepo 22- green, lanceolate, subcoriaceous, at wide, cm 1.55-2.0 long, cm 30 broadest Anthurium Sodiro, pulverulentum in bluish spadix apex; acuminate base, at Ecuador. 15(108): Centro Univ. Anales slightly to green at anthesis, stipitate, 11. Pichincha: ECUADOR. Type: 1901. tapered, moderately 26-28 cm long, 4- Pilaton, RIO the along Atacatzo Volcan at 7 mm diam. base, 3-4 mm diam. at 1,400-2,000 (holotype, s.n. Sodiro m, INFRUCTES- at base. apex, broadest isotype, G). QPLS; yellow-green. CENCES with berries Sodiro, Anthurium adsimile Anturios from pulverulentum Anthurium ranges Ecuator. Ecuador. Type: 1903. Guayas: 219. Colombia del (Cauca, Choc6, Narifi.o, Valle Rircay, Rimbach 75 (QPLS). RIO Cotopaxi, Ecuador Cauca), Carchi, (Cafi.ar, Hemiepiphytic to epiphytic; internodes Esmeraldas, Oro, El Imbabura, Los Guayas, yel- 1.5-10 cm long, 1-3 cm diam., pale eleva- Manabl, Napo, Rlos, at Pichincha), weakly becoming glossy, low-green, tions of 350-2,300 m (primarily from ele- weakly fissured trans- sometimes brown, vations 1,400 collec- above a few m, but versely; over dry- long, cm 30 cataphylls tions, especially those from Esmeraldas, are reddish ing often semi- mushy brown, and lower than 800 m), in from elevations at intact nodes, upper as persisting often moist Premontane forest, Premontane wet at fibers tan pale petioles 45- nodes; lower Premontane rain forest life and forest cm), 4- (averaging long 74 cm 94 It zones. common apparently La at is several adaxi- terete, 7 mm diam., ribbed both with specimens collected in Planada, ally, more green, or less brittle, medium as forests, and primary regrowth secondary narrowly to flattened matte, narrowly as well along old pasture the of an margins sulcate sharply to bluntly sometimes and La Vieja. Sendero along many-striate circumferentially; geniculum species is a member This of sect. Poly- long; cm blades ovate-cordate, to ca. 2 it and recognized by its is neurium, cm long, 33- 57-81 apex, at acuminate internodes longer weakly than and broad 54 cm wide (averaging X 36 cm), 1.5- 65 finely its transverse-ridged, large, and 2.0 .7-1.4 longer than broad, times times with leaf velvety thin, moderately blades below broadest petioles, the than longer sunken deeply closely spaced, many, of point petiole attachment, thinly coria- as veins lateral primary the by as well somewhat ceous, margin convex; surfaces green slender a long, with inflorescence conspicuously to bicolorous; upper surface bluish long-tapered narrowly its and spathe dark lower green and velvety; surface green spadix. 46-63 matte; anterior lobe cm long, 36- con- be can pulverulentum Anthurium lobes cm 54 cm wide; posterior 15-22 which A. with fused subcoerulescens, dif- cm inward, wide, directed long, 13-24 having basal fers in primarily directed lobes sinus spathulate, rounded; cm 12-18 outward, prominently in having a and paler slightly and acute midrib deep; narrower lobe. does latter The anterior above, round-raised below; paler and Planada. occur La at not basal posterior coalesced; 7-8, veins examined: specimens Additional CO- veins primary naked; partially rib lateral LOMBIA. Pasto-Tumaco Road- Nariiio, departing spaced, closely at midrib 25-30, Nambl, departing trail, along along RIO the ascending collective to 60°-75° angles, Mixta El Mirador, main road at Escuela deeply somewhat quilted and sunken vein, 01°18'N, 78°04'W, km W of Altaquer, 7 pleated-raised above, narrowly and slightly 1,100 m, 26 Feb 1992, Croat 72410 (MO, below; tertiary paler veins sunken in part PSO); Valley of RIO Guiza, road from EI below; raised collective and above vein Espino to Tumaco, ca. 21 km W of Ricaurte,

70 LAKE T. , P. H UANG , .J. CROAT , c. V. KOSTELAC , 2009 13. 99 Fig. 26. a -d . Antburium pu lveru l entum Sod ir o. (Croat 69569). a . Habit. b. L ea f bl a de, adax ce. ia l surfa c. Ste m sh ow in g ca ta phy ll s a nd ba se of pe tio les. d. Infl o r esce n ce sh ow ing spathe a nd spad ix in ea rl y fruit.

71 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, 100 valley slopes on along small stream, edge, steep of RIO San Juan on Colombia 78°07'W, 01°15'N, 1,000 m, Hammel B. Sep 24 1,100-1,250 m, 1979, Gentry border, Junln-Barbacoas, Barbacoas, (MO); 17146 Gene & Cerro SEL); (MO, 26471 Schupp road and Junln between along along of side S slope on N-facing Golondrinas, 0 Junln, of NE Barbacoas, km 'N, 21 1.9 01 00052'N, valley, 78°11'W, Blanco RIO upper Croat 78°06'w, 27 m, Feb 1992, 1,130 m, 23 Mar 1993, B. Boyle et al. 1,750-1,800 72426 (G, MO, PSO); Ricaurte. RIO Imbi (MO); Upper RIO Pablo drainage, 1572 Vicinity Pasto-Tumaco, Valley, of "Palmar", crest along 00053'N, of ridge to N of river, of NW of 3 valley Imbi, in Ricaurte km RIO Apr-02 m, 24 May 78°lO'W, 1,740-1,780 Tumaco), Pasto between road (along and (MO, 1747 Dalmau L. & Boyle B. 1993, F); ca. 1 Pipeline km E of Texas Gulf Mainte- Tobar Parroquia Maldonado: Re- Donoso, RIO Imbi, above nance Station, along slopes serva Etnica 00055'N, Sabalera, Awa, 77°56'w, 01°08'N, m, 14 Mar 1990, 1,100 Nov 1992, Carlos m, 22 78°32'W, 900 01 PSO); (MO, 009' Croat 37"N, 71410 et al. Aulestia side N (MO); 729 Mira, RIO of 1996, m, 19 June 13''W, 77"59' 1,850-1,950 slope Lita, steep N-facing from across (MO, Bittneretal. 2522 PSO); 01°09'40"N, across from of side S on Baboso, directly m, 78"W, 8 June 1996, 1,850-2,050 77°58' 11 m, 750 78°27'W, 00053'N, RIO Baboso, PSO); (MO, 77°58'W, 01°lO'N, 2491 3522 Boyle A. & Boyle B. (MO); Aug 1994, m, 24 July 1986, Gentry & Benavides 1,800 Penas Quebrada Blancas - Quebrada 17Jan 1990,Benavides 11224 55017(MO); 10 78°12'W, 00058'N, Quinchul, Aug. 0 (PSO); 13"W, 59' Bittner 77 01°09'37"N, Rawlins Thompson 1983, & 1037 (CM, 0 77 59' (PSO); 13"W, G. 01°09'37"N, 2727 Tandayapa, 00000'09"N, MO); from 2.6 km Transect 1, 01°08'N, (PSO); 9647 Herrera Croatet m, 14 78°39' 2005, 1,772 47''W, Feb 1,750 77°58'W, 28 Gentry 1981, Nov m, al. (MO); trail from Quebrada on 94658 (COL, 35098 (COL, 35109 Gentry MO); Blancas Quinchul, Quebrada to Peflas MO); 1,300 m, 1,300 1941, 4 Apr. m, Kjell Thompson 1983, 78°12'W, 10 Aug 00058'N, 01°18'N, (HA); .452 Sneidern von 77°54'W, Rawlins 1037 j. & (MO); El Pailon, ca. E. m, et BR. Ramirez, 1996, Jan 5 800-1,100 along a foot path Maldonado km below 45 al. 1,800 9381 12 Nov 1993, (PSO); m, 01°02'49"N, Donoso, Tobar to 78°22'05"W, (MO); Restrepo Posada 01°05'N, 672A La Madison 01 m, T. M. 1979, Dec L. & 800 Croat m, 69569 26Jul 1988, 78°01'W, 1,780 Penas Besse Blancas, 7231 (SEL, MO); (MO, 0l006'N, PSO); 1,780- 77°54'W, km San RIO the on Maldonado 20 below (AAU, m, 7 Mar 1990, Croat 71176 1,850 900- 0l000'42"N, 78°14'49"W, Juan, GB, HUA, K, M, MO, CUVC, F, COL, CAS, m, May 27 1978, M. 1,000 T. Madison et NY, UB, SEL, QCNE, QCA, PSO, US, PMA, (SEL, 4602 al. Parroquia, Espejo, MO). WU); 01°10'OO"N, 77"55'00"W, YEN, las Golondrinas, trail Mirador Guatal. de (MO); 12 Nov 1993, Restrepo 672 m, 1,800 towards Rosa!) (El Las Rosa Santa from Herm6genes, Borde 77°55'00''W, 01°1O'00''N, 78°07'W, m, 1,600-1,900 00049'N, Juntas, 1,800 1993, 16 (MO); 774 Restrepo Nov m, 18 7 Jul 8484 E. Folleco, & J.L. Clark, 2003, 01°05'N, 1993, Restrepo 633 (MO); Jan Carmen, (MO, QCNE, US), Mira, N of road 78°01'W, 60557 1988, Gentry et al. Jan 7 2,000- 78°13'W, 00051'N, Chical, to Rio (MO); Altaquer- Tumaco, 01°18'N, Nambl: 10 al. et Palacios m, W. 1992, 2,200 Feb 78°04'W, 1,100-1,130 m, 20 Mar 1990, Croat 9744 Tobar TuIcan, MO, QCNE); (B, 71630 Carchi: ECUADOR. PSO). (MO, Vicin- Donoso, Indfgena Reserva Sabalera, Sector 00054'00"N, 78°06'00''W, of Maldonado, ity Awa, 01°00'N, Comunal, Casa Noreste 15 T. Madison M. 1977, m, Apr 1,500-1,900 19-28 1992, June m, 650-1,000 78°24'W, 3919 SEL, MO); RIO Sanjuan Valley, (QCA, Tipaz Gala QCNE); (MO, et at. 1549 4 ranch Ortiz at Chical, below walk hr de norte Baboso, km El 8 al Comunidad Pail6n, El and Blancas Penas between 00050'N, m, 800 Lita, 78°20'W, Oct 15 June 10 m, 1,230-1,250 78°09'W, 00049'N, Daniel 1991, al. 2163 et Rubio (MO, Between (MO); 2117 at. et Boyle B. 1993, QCNE); Medio, Gualpi de Comunidad Chical forest trailside Blanca, Pena and and

72 B. T. P. HUANG, J. LAKE, C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 101 CROAT, raised 78°16'W, m, 21 May 1992, upon 900 weakly veins all veins; minor OlOOl'N, held erect; INFLORESCENCES drying. well Quelal Carlos et al. 607 (MO, QCNE); the above leaves; Centro EI 00053'N, Baboso, 78°25'W, long, cm 22 peduncle 2 drying weakly mm diam., yellow-brown, m, 17-27 Aug 1992, Tipaz et al. 1,800 glossy; spathe (MO). 1981 1987 QCNE); (MO, sessile, spadix seen; not long-tapered, strongly pinkish, narrowly at mm diam. Anthurlum sp. Croat nov. restrepoae base, long, 2 12.5 cm drying Reserva Nariflo: Type: COLOMBIA. 3 mm 1 midway, diam. cm mm diam. at 1 Natural Planada, Bosque, Finca La EI apex. from Flowers 2-3 visible per spiral, Secci6n Acantayac, Vereda San Isidro, mm 2.8-3 long, 1.4-1.5 mm lateral wide; Municipio Ricaurte, m, June 13, 1,700 1.9-2.1 tepals mm wide, outer margin 1993, C. MO- (holotype, 639 Restrepo inner broadly margin obtusely 2-sided, isotype, PSO). 04598821; rounded; stamens held at of tepals, apex persisting but of on the pistil all 4 sides not 1 cm diam.; cata- Internodia brevia, ca. .6-.8 mm contiguous; stamens .4 mm long, phylla 3 persistens in fibras cm longa, ovoid, broadly rounded, wide; thecae pallida; petiolus 55-7.5 cm longus, sub- divaricate. markedly INFRUCTESCENCES teres; lamina ovato-elliptica, 11.5-15 cm with berries white, the old stigmas pink. 6.1-7.2 longa, rotundata cm lata, debili- vel Anthurium is endemic to restrepoae subcordata ter basim; 5- lateralibus ad nervis Colombia, from the type only known 7 utroque; spadix roseus, 12.5 cm longus, in locality Nariflo Dept. at La Planada at diam. 2 mm ad diam. 3 mm in siccus, basim 1,700 m in Premontane wet forest life zone. ad medium, 1 mm ad 1 cm ab apicem. is sect. It Porpbyrocbito- a member of ca. short, internodes Epiphyte; and is characterized by its epiphytic nium 1 cm diam.; cataphylls 3 cm nar- long, tapered, internodes, narrowly habit, short rowly long-tapered, as soon persisting persistent shorter the petioles cataphylls, fragments pale fibers closely parallel with blades, the than ovate-elliptic narrowly of epidermis; petioles 5.5-7.5 cm long glandular-punctate blades brown-drying (averaging obtusely subterete, cm), 6.5 the primary the with and surface lower on geniculum sulcate drying matte; adaxially, inconspicuous lateral veins especially but long, slightly drying 1 cm shrunken and with by the long-pedunculate inflorescence ovate-elliptic, shortly blackened; blades long, sharply pink inflorescences tapered at inequilateral, apex, acuminate rounded whitish and light green infructescence with 11.5-15 base, at subcordate weakly to cm berries. cm long, 6.1-7.2 (averaging 13 X wide Anthurium restrepoae is similar to A. 6.6 cm), 2 broad, than longer times 1.9-2.1 cbucunesense but that species differs in times longer the than petioles, moderately long), cm (9-11 petioles longer having coriaceous, densely minutely and papillate blades narrower shorter, equi- are which areas and with conspicuous warty raised lateral and a lacks base, the acute second at and many fine granulations, eglandular of pair weakly has and veins basal a green, and minutely dark glandu- above, densely spadix stipitate as well as violet berries. below; lar-punctate narrowly midrib The in named of Carla species honor is rounded above, becoming acute toward Restrepo Puerto in working a biologist Rico apex; the pairs, 5-7 veins primary lateral at La carried Pla- who out investigations arising at at spreading then angle an acute she where the nada type discovered veins scarcely primary 60-70° angle, lateral specimen of species. this distinquishable from the interprimary veins; veins collective 1-2 per side, the inner arising at the base, pair nov. sp. 6- Anthurlum rlcaurtense Croat margins, Pla- COLOMBIA. Type: 10 La mm from Nariflo: the loop-connecting scarcely veins, lateral primary prom- more road nada, 7 km above Chucunes, on inent than the interprimary lateral veins and between Tuquerres and Ricaurte,

73 102 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, than somewhat darker below; surface Sendero top ridge along along Vieja, or vein arising from second collective Pina, La 1°06'N, of in direction from 1-3 third basal vein, mm margin; 1,950-2,010 77"45'W, 1990, m, 9 Mar as long INFLORESCENCES erect, about as 71216 Croat MO-3827490- (holotype, leaves, long, 60-100 peduncle ca. cm M, HUA, K, 2; isotypes, B, COL, CUVC, 1 terete, diam. cm at middle, drying yel- NY, US). QCNE, PSO, brown; lowish spathe narrowly lanceolate, 6 cm usque Internodia longa, 4 cm long-acuminate, (9.5-) 16-18 cm long, 2- ad diam.; cataphylla persistens intacta, coriaceous, cm 5.5 yellow-green, wide 55-90 (-107) (45-) 20 cm longa; petiolus becoming re- inside, purple tinged with mm diam., obscure teres, cm longus, 7-12 in 18 fruit, ca. flexed long, cm red- drying lamina versus; et anguste sulcata basim brown; sessile, spadix white, 9.5-15 cm 24- longa, cm ovato-cordata, 44-75 (34.5-) long, 9 mm diam. at base, gradually taper- lata; nervis infra; glanduloso-punctata 52 ing to 7 at mm diam. apex. Flowers 14-17 primariis lateralibus 12-16 utroque; spatha on mm primary spiral, 1.4-1.7 long, visible 16-18 (9.5-) lata, cm lutea- cm 2-5.5 longa, 1.2-1.4 wide. INFRUCTESCENCES mm spadix 9.5-15 viridis; albus, cm longus, with long, to 31 spadix fruiting cm 9 ad diam. mm 7 basim, ad diam. mm 4 cm diam., green; pistils medium green; apicem; virella. baccae berries greenish, early emergent. climbing loosely epiphyte, Terrestrial, or known ricaurtense Anthurium only is epiphyte; stem to 2 m long; internodes to from Colombia and (Nariflo) Ecuador 6 4 dark diam., cm reddish long, cm elevations (Carchi, Esmeraldas), at of persisting cataphylls brown; red- intact, wet Premontane forest in m, 1,100-2,100 ca. 20 cm brown except when young, to rainforest Now zones. life Premontane and long petioles (45-) 55-90 (-107) cm long; at it is also found in Ecuador (Esmeraldas), te- mm 7-12 cm), 70.3 (averaging diam., ca. wet at 200 of elevations Tropical m in rete, obscurely sulcate narrowly to- and was it At seen only Planada La in forest. green, medium base, ward semiglossy; and Posada above forest cloud primary La at blades apex, acuminate ovate-cordate, La to trail the on Sendero along Piiia. Vieja cordate at base, (34.5-) 44-75 cm long, 24- species is a member of sect. This 52 cm wide (averaging 57 X 37 cm), 1.5- Calomystrium recognized elongate its by broad, 1.6 times longer than .6-1.1 times stems, thick, reddish persis- brown, intact, than subcoriaceous petioles, the to longer petioles terete cataphylls, tent long- and coriaceous; moderately 28- anterior lobe inflorescences co- large with pedunculate cm cm long, wide; 24-50 54 surface upper white thick and spathes green riaceous moderately to and green semiglossy dark spadices. lower brown; yellowish dark drying glossy, Anthurium is ricaurtense to similar A. and obscurely glossy, paler slightly surface in but having differs petioles formosum, drying dark reddish glandular-punctate, less much marked with conspicuously brown; posterior lobe 8-22 cm long, 11- lenticels and and having secondary in slightly inward; wide, cm 23 sinus directed prominently not veins tertiary sunken. 7-19 narrow- midrib spathulate, cm deep; Furthermore, A. of rib posterior the for- ly mosum great to and paler is bluntly not naked for as rounded a length as acute acutely ricaurtense. A. of 3-ribbed to about ricaur- and Anthurium above, paler that confused be acutely to I-ribbed with below, middle also might A. acutely tense nymphaeifolium, that but species differs angled toward pair, 6-8 veins basal apex; in having collective the originating vein base, to free the 3-4 remainder coalesced from the a even or vein basal uppermost for 1-5 cm; posterior rib largely naked; only running and vein, primary lateral side, 12-16 per primary veins lateral along the the upper lobe. anterior of half paler, raised, narrowly valleys in and collection Tipaz et noteworthy A is al., paler and acute to convex above, below; 1300 which Province Ecuador, Carchi from flat tertiary veins in part raised or and

74 , T. P. H UANG , J LAKE CROAT, C. V. KOSTELAC , 2009 103 B. Fi g. 27. a- d . Ant h urium ri caurtense Croat. a- Co (Croat 71216). a. Hab it. b. L eaf b lad e, o l adax ace . c. Stem sh ow in g catap hy ll s a nd base of p e ti ia l surf es . d. InA o r esce n ce sh ow ing sp a the a nd spadix . (Croat 696 10).

75 104 ARO EANA, Vo l. 32 ID (CrOCi . -b . Ant h u ri um Fig . 28 Cr oa t. a t 71216) . a . L ea f b la d e , abax ia l s urf ace. r icCiurtense Ste m Det ail o f sp a di x . c- d. An t huriu .m terrctco l um Croat. (CroCi t 69585) . c. H a bit. d. b. sp a di x . nd p a th e a esce n ing s s h ow ce w ith o r infl

76 T. LAKE. V. KOSTELAC. 2009 J. HUANG. P. CROAT. B. C. 105 Amer. Nascentium Icon. tab. 74. long 1703 blades only peduncle and has a 5 cm 45 cm long with petioles all cm long. In 50 (BM, P). these smaller are measurements aspects to stem ca. 60 cm long; Epiphytic; than others seen and it is not certain· than internodes typically longer broad, be whether this plant should included. cm long, ca. than 2 usually less regions. from Yet other nearby collections aerial roots few drying light diam.; 3 mm namely Centro EI in the Awa Baboso tan, ca. to well-branched, 15 cm long; Reserve. have vegetative parts of normal brown tan long, to cm 2-3 cataphylls size the species. for dried, as reticulum a fine persisting when The name Antburium ricaurtense was long of than petioles less fibers; 1 cm from derived the nearby of Ricaurte town sulcate; cm), diam., 1 mm .7 (averaging and Ricaurte in which La the Municipio cm :H5 .9-2.2 cm wide (av- blades long, Planada is located. 1.4 cm), 2.9-3.1 longer times X 4 eraging COLOMBIA. Barba- Paratypes: Narliio: than broad, 4-4.5 times longer than the coas. Reserva Natural Rio Nambi: Corregi- petioles, subcoriaceous, ovate-elliptic, Vereda miento Altaquer. vic. Barro. EI to apiculate at apex, acute base, rounded at Fund. Cabana 01°18'N, 78°08'W, m, 1,325 broadest at or lower near the middle, 11 1993.]. Betancur et al. 4864 (MO); Dec glandular-punctate; surface midrib acutely La Ricaurte, Planada Reserve, Cerro Leon, paler and above, raised narrowly raised 0l010'18"N, 1,850 78°00'09''W, Feb 13 m, 3-10 veins lateral primary or below; 1997, G. Herrera & Bittner 9401 (MO. per departing midrib at 35-40° more side, PSO); 78°00'09''W, 18"N, °10' 01 Leon, Cerro less weakly above, more or sunken angle, Bittner & C. 9449 G. m, 2,148 Herrera vein collective surfaces; both on obscure La Posada, 78°01'W, 0l005'N, (MO); near margins. arising from mm 3-5 base, Croat (MO, 69610 1988, Jul 27 m, 1,780 pe- erect INFLORESCENCES spreading; to Borde 0l010'00"N, Marcos, PSO); ca. long, duncle diam.; mm cm 1 1.5-2 m, Re- 1993, Nov 15 77°55'00"W, 1,800 spathe green, oblong-Ianceolate, reflexed, (MO); La Planada, S of Ricaurte, 758 strepo spadix green, long; to mm cm 1 ca. to ca. 5 Tumaco-Pasto from 7 km Road, 01°1O'N, diam. mm 2-4 long, 77°58'W, 1,800 m, 24Jul1986, Gentry et al. scandens Antburium widely from ranges Altaquer Rio 55057 (MO); Nambi, - Tu- Central Mexico, Dominican Republic, maco, Altaquer, Rio W Nambi, of 7 km Nicaragua, America countries (Costa Rica, Mar 78°04'W, 01°18'N, 20 m, 1,100-1,130 Belize) Honduras, Panama, Colombia to 1990, Croat (MO, 71587 ECUADOR. PSO). Narino, Choco, Cundinamarca, (Antioquia, San Rio CareW: ranch Ortiz Juan Valley Risaralda, Santander, Valle del Cauca), between Penas on, Pail EI and Blancas N- Carchi, BoHvar, Ecuador (Azuay, Cotopaxi, Rio San above crest ridge below slope facing Imbabura, Oro, EI Esmeraldas, Guayas, Juan, 78°09'W, 10 1,230-1,250 00049'N, m, Los Manabf, Morona-Santiago, Rios, Loja, 2041 Cerro Jun 1993, B. Boyle et al. (MO); Zamora- Tungurahua, Napo, Pichincha, Golondrinas, Upper drainage, Pablo Rio Chinchipe), Peru (Amazonas, Cajamarca, 00053'N, Apr 1,740-1,780 m, 24 78°10'W, Pasco, San Huanuco, and Tumbes) Martin, Boyle 1. & B. 1993, May 1993-02 Dalmau Cruz) western Santa Paz, (La Bolivia the in Parroquia 1759 (MO) , Tulcan, Tobar Do- Andes well as Venezuela (Amazonas, as nosa, Reserva EI Indigena Awa, Centro Anzoategui, Lara, Carabobo, Bolivar, Sucre, 17-27 m, 1,800 78°25'W, 00053'N, Baboso, Yaracuy) Tachira, Trujillo. (Ba- Brazil and Galo Tipaz et al. 1887 (MO, 1992, Aug Parana, Gerais, Minas Santo, Espirito hia, (MO. 1983 QCNE); (MO, 1993 QCNE); QCNE). eastern QCNE); 1979 (MO, at South America Sao Paulo) in elevations 100-2,200 Premontane in m, of forest, moist Anthurlum scandens (Aubl.) Engler, Fl. Tropical forest, dry Tropical Bras. Type: 1878. 78. 3(2): FRENCH moist forest, Premontane wet forest, Tropi- (Drawing GUIANA in by Plumier cal wet forest, Premontane rain forest,

77 106 Vol. 32 AROIDEANA, ~~~ liiiiiiimU N<:" 4319~ 5 1 ... , ... , ... ~,_ ... h _.~ _ ~ .. ~ ... ,., - ... --~ . ... , •• -~><...,., ., -. ,-., .• " •• , " ... ... ... - . ... . "'-> ... . , . ,,,, ... ' ._ O .~ 'M ... . .,., . ,... .. ,,,,,.~,,,, ~ • · I · .. , . ... ... _ ' ... ,. ' ... "" . .. , ... _ .. _ . ... , .. ,-,,_., ,_ • .. ,.,. .. '_.U ... ,.· ... ~ · c t. ... _ . ~ L~O. •• '., ... Fig. 29. a. An tb ur i um scand e ns (A ubl. ) Engl. (Croat 69651). a. Stem sh ow in g leaves a nd t infl b-c. Anthw'ium t enuifo li um Eng l. (O'oa n ce. 71489A). b. H e rb a rium spec im en. o resce c. H e rb a rium sp ec im en. d . Anthurium umbraculum Sod ir o. (Croa t 69579). d. Infl o resce nce s howin g s p a dix .

78 T. KOSTELAC, 107 V. C. LAKE, HUANG,]. P. CROAT, B. 2009 sometimes than broad, as long as broad, .6- montane dry forest and Lower Lower wet montane forest long, life 1.7 cm granular, zones. drying minutely to matte semiglossy, gray-brown, often the plant with the smallest This taxon, long, cm 9-14 cataphylls finely ribbed; leaves all the aroids a La Planada, of is at weathering few to quickly brown, to gray member sect. Tetraspermium. It is of usually unorganized, fibers, short these elon- habit, epiphytic its by characterized drying, light brown falling; promptly upon gate as persisting cataphylls internodes, usually to petioles U-shaped, subterete fibers, ovate- small petioles, sulcate short, cm (averag- long sulcate adaxially, 12.5-25 spathe green, elliptic blades, the reflexed mm diam. at 2-3 middle, cm), 18.3 ing cylindroid spadix. and green, the genicu- yellow-brown; to drying greenish to species similar scandens is Anthurium long; blades narrowly ob- cm 1.5-2 lum in sect. in Porphyrochitonium having glan- lanceolate or some- narrowly long-elliptic, the punctations dular on lower blade oblong-oblanceolate, narrowly times surface but differs from all other species at to acute apex, long-acuminate narrowly have that that usually they section in in cordulate weakly sometimes or rounded at short internodes. (aver- wide cm 5-9.8 long, cm 24-47 base, is a scandens Anthurium tetraploid longer 3.8-6.8 cm), 7.2 X 34.8 aging times variable throughout highly is and species than 1.7-2.8 wide, times longer than the its range but La at the material found at the middle, near broadest petioles, or small differs Planada in being unusually subcoriaceous, drying yellowish green to for time the being same the at while species yellowish on brown upper matte and from distinct scandens A. diploid the ssp. surface, grayish yellow-green yellowish to pusilum Sheffer. semiglossy and brown midrib below; examined: specimens Additional CO- sunken and concolorous paler and above, Nariiio: Ricaurte, La Planada, LOMBIA. primary below; round-raised lateral 7 km above Chucunes on road between 20-25 per side; veins above, sunken to along Tuquerres and Ricaurte, trail collective vein the base, near from arising Centro hill of Cientifico, behind summit running from 2-4 margin. INFLORES- mm Jul 1988, 78°01'W, 01°05'N, 1,780 m, 28 11- peduncle erect-spreading; CENCES PSO); 01°lO'N, 77°58'W, Croat 69651 (MO, long, cm 21 drying mm 1-3 tan; diam., 1,800 (MO); 8845 Benavides 1987, 2 Nov m, membranaceous, spathe amber-colored 01°04'N, Pielapi, 1,600-1,800 78°02'W, m, long, green cm 3-8 pink, with tinged or (MO); 63618 al. et Gentry 1988, Jul 22 6-10 mm wide, linear-lanceolate, reflexed 01°05'N, 1,800 78°01'W, Dec 1987, 21 m, to spreading; spadix or yellow or green (MO); 59682 al. et Tumaco, 63 Km Gentry at green sometimes yellow, base greenish Vereda Tumaco-Pasto, El Carmen, 240 m, apex, becoming amber toward yellow and 1984, 19 Feb 4273 Borde (MO); Benavides or stipitate, post-anthesis, weakly straight 599 Restrepo Sep 2 m, 1,800 Marcos, 1992, long, 4- tapered, cm curved, weakly 4-8 (MO); Parro- Carehi: Tulcan, ECUADOR. apex. tapered weakly diam., 6 mm toward Re- Sabalera, Sector Tobar quia Donoso, Flowers visible 5-6 mm 1.7-1.9 spiral, per serva Noreste Casa Comunal, Awa, Indfgena 1.8-2.0 long, wide, lateral tepals .8- mm 650-1,000 Jun 19-28 m, 78°24'W, 01°00'N, rounded, mm pistils broadly wide, 1.1 1992, (MO). Tipaz et al. Galo 1366 yellow-green. emergent, weakly INFRUC- TESCENCES oblong-obovate berries with Engl., Anthurium subcarinatum Pflan- a conical with style. IV. 1905. 37):117. (Heft 23B zenr. Anthurium is known subcarinatum COLOMBIA. Buga, Above Valle: Type: Colombia from (Choc6, Valle, Cauca and 1,500 m, flowering in July 1881, Leh- and Narino) Ecuador (Carchi) at B). (holotype, 802 mann Premontane in (900)1,700-2,100 (2,500) m somewhat scandent; montane Lower and forest moist climber, Epiphytic wet forest zone. life internodes longer mostly slightly short,

79 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, 108 this m, 900 78°32'W, OOoSS'N, Sabalera, Awa, member sect. Xialophyllium, A of distinguished is species C. its moderately by 22 638 al. et Aulestia Nov 1992, Maldonado, 71 QCNE); Valle de (MO, KIn short internodes, oblong-Ianceolate, green- glossy blades a moderately with drying on road Tulcan-Maldonado, 000S4'N, lower veiny amd blade with surfaces dried m, 20 May 1973, 2,100-2,200 78°06'w, the to close relatively veins collective the 5984 et (AAU). Holm-Nielsen LB. al. by its moderately short, a well as margin slightly spread- tapered green spadix and Engler, tenuifolium Anthurium Bot. narrow ing spathe. green Jahrb. Syst. 2S: 413. 1898. Type: ECUA- is most The Anthurium species similar to DOR. Rio Pilat6n, 800- Pichincha: tenuifolium species that but Eng!. differs in (B). 1,000 m Oct. 1883, Sodiros.n. in matte drying the on surface and lower Terrestrial internodes epiphytic; or having the lower the tertiary venation on to long, short S-8 diam., cm mm 1.5 or but or raised prominently not more surface cataphylls cm long, 11 to weakly sulcate; the collective in having less obscure and deciduous, or less or persisting as a more the ca. typically margins, from further veins 10- petioles bases; fiber weak, pale margins. mm from the S-8 19.5 2- long (averaging 16.3 cm), cm to A. micro- species The is also similar 3 oblong- blades middle; at diam. mm spadix is species more but that typically lanceolate, acumi- acute at base, narrowly proportionately to with broader 2.6- leaves at apex, nate cm long, 7-11 cm wide 2HS times La 3 longer than wide (at least at X 31.8 (averaging times 8.7 3.2-4.1 cm), rather Planada) times longer 3.8--6.8 than longer 1.7-2.3 times longer broad, than as in subcarinatum. wide than A. upper surface drying petioles; the than Anthurium subcarinatum to is also close drying moderately olive; lower surface dark apparently an undescribed species repre- paler; midrib narrowly and weakly raised and 7715 Killip by Killip 7723 from sented above upon prominently quite drying, and Gallera the of Cauca at La Dept. the in primary narrowly round-raised below; eleva- at Valley River 1,400-1,SOO m Micay side, departing per 10-12 veins lateral tion. That specimen differs in having at midrib to angles, 4S°--60° ascending which proportionately narrower blades weak a less vein collective arc, or more in dry matte rather than semiglossy on the flat moderately and above, inconspicuous lower surface. narrowly raised be- and prominent more a A Lehmann collection which lacks veins nearly as con- low; interprlmary assigned number but the letter has been especially veins, primary as spicuous lateral "G" at collected probably was Capilla from tertiary below; raised part in veins below; (l°22'N one W 77°40' of two sites in Narino vein as prominent collective about as 78°06'W) 2°3S'N, Cauca or or at 2°27'N, in veins, primary lateral 4-8 margin; from mm All called are areas these of three 76°36'W. materi- all from described dried (venation according Colombian the to Gaze- Capilla erect- or erect INFLORESCENCES al); teer. 1.5- peduncle 12-20 long, spreading; cm between Anayes Lehmann s.n. from Los middle; at spathe cm 6-7 mm 2 diam. is Popayan at and 2,000 Munchique m Iinear-Ianceolate, wide, cm 1-1.2 long, the probably also A. but subcarinatumi at acuminate apex; spadix sessile, green, blades are oblanceolate- broadly more 1.4- Flowers diam. mm 4-S long, cm 6-8 elliptic at acuminate abruptly more and 1.S long, 1.6-1.8 mm mm wide. collection. apex than any other from ranges Anthurium tenuifolium co- speCimens examined: Additional Valle Cauca) to del (Narino, Colombia LOMBIA. Narino: Planada: Ricaurte. La Pichincha), at elevations Ecuador (Carchi, Pialapi, Trayecto 1,300- 7rS8'W, 1°10'N, of 2S0-2,400 m, primarily above 1,000 m, 1988, Benavides 10148 m, 23 1,700 Jul in Lower forest, Lower montane moist (MO). ECUADOR. Carchi: Maldonado, wet forest montane wet and Premontane Etnica Reserva Donoso, Parroquia Tobar

80 T. C. KOSTELAC, 2009 LAKE, HUANG,]. P. CROAT, B. V. 109 apparently forest life zones. It rare quite is 78°24'W, 650-1,000 m, 1992, Jun 19-28 at been there collected La Planada, having al et Tipaz Galo .. 1457 (MO, QCNE); only collection, along in a mixed once the 78°25'W, 00053'N, QCNE); 1405 (MO, trail to Hondon. El 1,800 Galo 1992, 17-27Aug m, al. et Tipaz of This species is a member sect. 2009 QCNE). (MO, short its by distinguished Xialophyllium its cataphylls long relatively internodes sp. terracolum Anthurium Croat nov. fibers, its persist as a few which basal La Nariiio: COLOMBIA. Type: Pla- which have oblong-oblanceolate blades on Chucunes, km 7 nada, road above collective their vein is which quite remote Ricaurte, between Tuquerres and from well as margin the as green, the by Posada, La above trail the along spadix. sessile 1°05'N, m, July 1988, 26 Croat 1,780 Anthurium appears to be tenuifolium 69585 (holotype, MO-3635126-7; iso- which also closest to A. is subcarinatum BR, types, B, CAS, COL, CUVC, AAU, C, part Flora. Planada La the of F, G, GB, GH, GOET, DUKE, HUA, to three similar undetermined It is also K, M, MEXU, MICH, LE, L, INPA, 1MB, collections, one (Ramos Dept. Valle from QCNE, PSO, PMA, S, RJ, NY, P, RSA, and near La Cumbre) in 1828 Colombia UB, TEX, W). SEL, YEN, US, TEFH, from two & der (van Weiff Dept. Carchi Intemodia 1.5-5.5 em longa, 4-5 diam.; mrn Dorr 6095 10815 & Barnett and Gudino em 3-4 fibris, longa; cataphyIIum persistens in in Ecuador. They differ in from Maldonado) petiolus em mrn diam., 3-8.5 longus,1-2 that blades having much glossier on the are C-formatus, sulcatus; sharply lamina ovato- surface with lower more prominulous eIIiptica, nervis em 3-6.5 longa, em 7-16 lata; tertiary veins. 9-11 primariis lateralibus utroque; spatha similar is tenuifolium Anthurium also 2-4 em viridis, spadix vel viridis cremeus; to an species from Nariiio Dept. unknown 3.5 usque stipes diam.; mm 2-3 longus, cm Colombia in from and in Province Carchi baccae longus; virides. Ecuador. differs species That having in Terrestrial; long, cm 1.5-5.5 internodes primary veins lateral numerous more mm 4-5 cataphylls diam.; persisting as pairs) are more which 25 than (more cm 3-4 nodes, upper long, intact at fibers, closely base. Exam- the near aggregated long (aver- petioles 3-8.5 cm drying tan; Rfo at 72402 Croat are ples Nambf erect- diam., mm 1-2 cm), 5.4 aging 1,100 Ricaurte Sneidern 550 from m" at suIcate; spreading, sharply C-shaped, 1,300 m and Gentry Dept. Nariiio in & blades apex, at acuminate ovate-elliptic, Gene Schupp at 1,300- Chical 26541 cm long, 3-6.5 cm base, rounded at 7-16 1,500 along and Hoover et al. 2436 m 5 cm), X 11.4 (averaging wide 1.9-2.5 Gualpf to from trail the Pailon Chico at 1.5-3.5 times longer times than broad, m. 1,000-1,450 longer than petioles, or the at broadest speCimens CO- examined: Additional below somewhat thinly middle, coria- Narifto: Planada, La Ricaurte, LOMBIA. ceous; matte; and upper surface dark green - 7 km above Chu- Ricaurte, Tuquerres surface lower moderately paler and weakly El beginning Hond6n, along to trail cunes midrib nar- glossy, sometimes bicolorous; for and Tej6n Quebrada at .5 beyond, km above, row, paler moderately and convex, 7r54'W, m, 15 Mar 01°08'N, 780-800 acute slightly and below; paler primary Croat 1990, 71489A (MO, PSO); ECUA- 9-11 per side, departing lateral veins DOR. Carehi: Above Maldonado, m, 2,400 midrib at above, etched angles, 60°-75° der Weiff, van 1989, Jul 31 Edgar Gudino weakly below; raised Quebrada Naranjo, 00054'N, vein collective 10815 (MO); from arising base, 3-6 mm from near 2,000 78°06'W, Nov Dorr& LJ. 1988, 13 m, INFLORESCENCES erect; margin; pedun- I.e. Barnett 6095 (MO, NY, QCA, QCNE), Tobar cm diam.; mm Sector Donoso, spathe Parroquia long, cle 7-12 1.5 TuIcan, 01°00'N, Awa, Sabalera, Reserva Indfgena erect, green to cream, clasping elongated

81 ARO l. 32 JD EANA , Vo 110 a-b An terra col U111 Cro a t. (Croa l 69 585). a. Habit. b. L eaf bl ad e, ada x ial 3 g. 0. Fi urium . th s t. um Sod ir o . Croa t 69579). c. Hab i l d . Anthw ' ium urium tb c. ace. urf umbracu An (Croat 69567). d . H ab i t. vel 's icolor Sod ir o . ca nt p ersiste d , b roa th an r lon ge taphy ll spadix e; tip p e duncle gree n , beco / s min g a fib er p e tio l es, s, nd sma ll nea rl y C-shaped , 2-4 cm weak ly ting ed p ur p l e, cy lin dr o id ctate b lade t pti c e pun lli s, sho rt-a c umin ate a e 1 1T1Il .5 2-3 3 . ca to cm stipe .; am ]j c lo ng, ap ex w ith a pa ir of prom ine nt co llec tiv e long. ers 2-3 per pr im ary sp iral, 1.1 - Flow ins a ve pa tiv co of e llec nd seco u suall y a nd ir 1. mm 3 lon g, 1.0-1.2 mm w id e. I NF RU C- a nd f in a ll y b y ea it s l o ng r th e base veins n T ase n at b ree le g pa berries w ith , ESCENCES s tipit padix. r s ende sl e, at n at , lo nge gree dark r apex im o ne d in ensio n mm high), depressed ar imil is s n terracolw ntrium ll An to (4X5 mm w id e, 3 A. .5 y; c, ate it ip lo ng-st as h ch also hi w , gracilistipum pti lli see d s 2 per be rt y, o bl ong-e ll apica s graci A. ces. padi ., tan . i ng be in differs listipwn 3 nUll lo ng , 2 mm diam nd a in y tic piph usuall y e av g lo ng er int er- h acolum Antburium t er r is c urr en tly nodes, int ac odes er n upp y lls o n ph ta ca t no n from ow Co lo mbi a (Ca u ca, N ari , k n nd a le whi es, blad ovate A. ea n e mor r ll V a a, lim T o , da ral sa Ri to d el e Ca u ca) l m os is a um l terraco est rr ly te usi ve rial , excl t nd a u a dor (Napo Ec Ca rch i) , at eleva ti ons taphyll h nd as sho rt int ern odes , f ibr o us ca s a rain of m , in Lowe r mon l ane 1,7 50- 2,450 a nd es. c bl ad llipti r e ea m o re n t f oms wet e montan Lo and est, for wer es!. tfor e we Pmmontan it is Planada, La Tn Huil co fro llec a A o f D ept. th e l11 tio n t w ith ie Or era ill Cord e th frol11 44) 199 rg (Fosbe n- un d in reg r owt h seco nd alY fo r es fo eleme ary nt s of prim ail for es t, a lo ng the tr Rio e dwat ea h t he in m 2,300 tal at of rs V of to an d alo ng the trail Posada La above and Huila EI er rd b o the alo ng obos al ill u Ca peci s s hi b e t lso y a ma y undar es ca b o nd 6 n. H o but f ib ers a ll phy ta ca king lac in ers diff it nd T hi s sp ec i Xialo- is a m e mb er o f sec t. es in hav ish ay g r le pa dry ch hi w es b lad g in ze rnod a nd is r ecog ni e d by its i nt es phyllium,

82 C. T. P. HUANG, J. LAKE, CROAT, V. KOSTELAC, 2009 B. 111 green on the lower sutface. The Foster cm), 78.3 (averaging long cm (125) 40-80 a and ob- 19944 collection is very similar to terete, diam., mm 7-12 narrowly green, tusely collection semiglossy; medium sulcate, Napo 61977) (Jorgenson from geniculum sulcate, swollen, weakly much in at Ecuador near Cosanga Province cm 1.5-3.5 They 2,150 m. long; perhaps both blades ovate- cordate, represent narrowly acuminate at apex, triangular, species. new another (34-) long, (23-) 30-66 cm wide 50-90 cm refers to the "terracolum" epithet The (averaging 1.4-1.7 cm), 43 X 62 times habitat. almost exclusively terrestrially than longer broad, .7-.9 times longer than Ri- Narifto: COLOMBIA. Paratypes: broadest the petioles, somewhat below La caurte, 01°1O'N, Planada, 16 77°58'W, point subcoriaceous, attachment, of petiole 11167(MO); 01°1O'N, 1990, Jan Benavides convex at the margins; 31- lobe anterior 10810 1989, Sep 25 m, 1,800 77°58'W, long, 30-66 65 cm cm wide; posterior Nov (MO); 01°08'N, 77°58'W, 1,750 m, 29 wide, di- cm 11-30 long, cm 10-26 lobe OlolO'N, MO); (COL, 35193 Gentry 1981, inward; rected spathulate, sinus cm 7.5-24 Gentryetal. 1,800 m, 24Ju11986, 77°58'W, green, upper sutface dark matte, deep; 2 (MO); 10810 km caril el siguierdo below, collec- sutface; than darker raised 18''N, 01 °10' 78°00'09''W, 1,820 m, divisorio, vein base, near from originating tive 2- G. Herrera 9344 (MO); Pialapi, 2 Feb 1997, margin; INFLORESCENCES 3 mm from Aug 6 1,800-1,900 77°55'W, m, 01°1O'N, spreading; peduncle 25-33 4- long, cm D. Stella Sylva S. 13879 1990, Luteyn & 5 mm spathe spread- diam.; chartaceous, (MO, 37"N, 77°59' 13''W, °09' 01 NY,US); cm ing, long, green, pale 12-28 brittle, 1.5- 9652 01°1O'00"N, (PSO); Herrera G. green, with wide; cm 2.5 spadix tinged 1992, May 15 77°55'00''W, m, 1,800 (MO); red, becoming yellowish brown at anthesis, Borde Pialapi, 01°1O'00"N, 77°55'00''W, weakly glossy, 18-28 curved, tapered, cm (MO); 1,800 m, 18 Nov 1993, 791 long, mm diam. 8-13 at base, 3-6 mm at Jul m, 1,800 77°55'00''W, 01°1O'00"N, 20 apex; pistils glossy; moderately tepals 1992, (MO); C. Restrepo 583 G. Ramirez & weakly exserted; pollen yellow-orange. m, 22 Dec 1987, 01°05'N, 1,800 78°01'W, Flowers 6-8 per primary spiral, 1.3- 59718 EI (MO); Gentry&P. Keating Trail to wide. 1.7 mm long, 1.6-2.0 mm km SW of La Planada, Hond6n, 5-12 from ranges umbraculum Anthurium m, 6 Jan 78°02'W, 01°04'N, 1,750-1,800 (Azuay, Ecuador (Narifto) Colombia to 1988, Gentry, Benavides & P. Keating Carchi, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo, BoHvar, (MO). 60508 ECUADOR. Carchi: Awa Morona- Imbabura, Guayas, Esmeraldas, Chico trail Gualpf RIo to Encampment, Santiago, Napo, Sucum- Pastaza, Pichincha, 00058'N, 1,330 1988, Jan 78°16'w, m, 17 at elevations bios, Tungurahua), 850- of W. S. Hoover et al. Espejo, QCA); (MO, 2546 (mostly m), in Mon- 1,700 2,600 above m Gualtal, Golondrlna Cerro de Faldas EI forest tane forest, Montane wet moist and 00051'N, 78°07'W, 21 m, 2,450 Hembra, Premontane wet forest. It particu- been is 12671 Clark &]. Palacios W. Aug 1994, well larly developed slope Pacific the on of K, (CAS, MEXU, MO, QCNE, SEt). COL, Pichincha. relatively It is Volcan common throughout study area Planada of La the site umbraculum Anthurlum Sodiro, Anales collected also been has at Narino in and 11. 15(108): Ecuador Centro Univ. lower elevations. Nono, ECUADOR. 1901. Lectotype: of Poly- sect. This a member is species s.n. (hololectotype, MO). Sadira short neurium. It is recognized by its or Hemiepiphytic, appressed epiphyte, a rotten, persisting cataphylls internodes, as internodes terrestrial; sometimes short, to formless mass black, on terete, stems, the diam.; 4 cm .6-3.7 long, cm cataphyIls narrowly the petioles, sulcate obtusely and red- tan thin, to 20 cm long, drying to more blades leaf with or less ovate, velvety which primary numerous veins are lateral a rotten, as or persisting brown, deciduous close black, mass formless on stems; petioles and raised in valleys as well as the

83 AROIDEANA Vo l. 32 , 112 (Croa g. 1. a-d. An tbu.riu.m umbracu l um Fi ir o. 3 t 69579). a. L eaf b l ade , abax ia l Sod surf ace w ith infl o r esce nce. b. Leaf b lade, adax ia l surf ace. c. Ste m sh ow in g catap hy ll s a nd base spadix. p e ti o les. of De ta il of d.

84 T. J. C. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 HUANG, P. CROAT, B. LAKE, 113 and yellowish spathes brittle green, the 1,800 Nov 0l010'00"N, 77°55'00"W, m, 17 brown spadices. 768 (MO); A. & Restrepo 1993, Ortega 1,800 m, 24 Transect 7, probably 77°58'W, Anthurium umbraculum is 01°1O'N, with most confused easily A. dolichosta- (MO); 1986, Jul & Benavides Gentry 55046 chyum at found not far thus species (a La m, 7 Mar 01°06'N, 1,780-1,850 77°54'W, stem with owing to its similar Planada) 71176A ECUA- PSO). (MO, Croat 1990, and cataphylls, petioles mostly deciduous Tu1can-Tufino, DOR. Carchi: Carretero similar of and blades size shape and the La 2,200 m, 12 Oct 1986, Pradera, sector sometimes pale green inflorescence with a Ulloa 257 (QCA); Cerro Golondrinas, Up- broad, brittle spathe. That species differs in 00050'N, headwaters, Gualpf Rio per greenish. than red berries the having rather July 1993, 78° 13'W, 2,250-2,265 m, 15-20 similar Anthurium umbraculum is also 2243 (MO). al. et Boyle B. differs species that but toA.pulverulentum, which blades lack in raised having smaller Engl., Anthurium Bot. umbricola Jahrb. primary veins lateral lighter dry green and COLOMBIA. 1898. 407. 25: Syst. Type: instead having stems and of blackish in Cauca: Western of the Cordillera internodes with longer, more slender Andes near elev. Popayan, 1,400- close, perpendicular which dry with many (B). m, 5323 Lehmann 1,800 fissures and pale with more persistent Anthurium umbricolum Engl. var. rupico- fibers cataphyll persisting. lum Engl. 25: 407. Syst. Jahrb. Bot. Anthurium umbraculum as at it occurs 1898. Type: Ecuador. EI Entable at lower La Planada has blades with the Lehmann 7751 200-600 m, Naranjal, having surface conspicuously raised less (B). veins than material species does of the in Anthurium Anales spathulatum Sodiro, locality type the on in Pichincha Volcan Univ. (l08): 6. Centro Ecuador 15 Ecuador Central but charac- the otherwise 1901. Type: Ecuador. Pichincha: in present teristics of those fit A. umbracu- forest Cordillera Western on near lum. Angamarca, Sodiro (B). s.n. speCimens Additional examined: CO- Hawkes, A.D. espinosanum Anthurium LOMBIA. Valley of Guiza; Rfo Nariiio: 1951. 1. Lloydia 14: 98, Fig. Type: from road 16 ca. Tumaco, to Espino EI km Ecuador. to Torata Santa road on Loja: W of 78°06'w, 850 m, 7 01°15'N, Ricaurte, Rosa, Reinaldo (UC). 1177 Espinosa Dec 1988, 17137 (CM, MO); B. Hammel epiphytic; or Terrestrial 30- plants m, 19 1,850-1,950 13''W, 77°59' 0l009'37"N, cm 150 tall; internodes 2.~ cm long, (MO, al. 1996, Jun et 2554 PSO); . Bittner black; 5-10 mm diam., drying cataphylls (MO, Tejon Quebrada for and PSO); 2524 per- cm drying long, reddish 4--6 brown, beyond, 780- 77°54'W, 01°08'N, km .5 fibers or as a reticulum of sisting semi-intact 1990, Croat 71492 m, (MO, Mar 15 800 loosely organized upper a as nodes, at PSO); 77°53'W, 1,700 01°06'N, m, Mar 10 reticulum fibers nodes; petioles of lower 1990,38830 38715 (MO, PSO); PSO); (MO, 12-28(42) cm), 2- cm 20.3 (averaging long 0l009'37"N, G. 9509 Herrera 77°59'13''W, dark drying erect-spreading, diam., 4 mm Alta- between Altaquer-Tumaco, (PSO); C-shaped, with brown, D-shaped bluntly 7 km W quer-Junln, RIO Altaquer, of ranging from having margins, weakly erect Nambf, 21 m, 1,100 78°04'W, 01°18'N, a weak medial rib being to canaliculate; Mar 1990, Croat (MO, PSO); Borde 71701 cm drying black, long, 1-1.3 geniculum Celimo, 1,800 m, 17 Restrepo Nov 1993, petiole than darker blade; or blades 01°06'N, 77°54'W, 1,780- (MO); 768 narrowly to ovate-elliptic, acuminate ovate 1,850 m, 8 Mar 1990, Croat 71194 (CUVC, acute apex, at to at base, 12- HUA, MO, PSO); rounded La 01°05'N, Posada, (averaging X 20 wide 7-13 cm long, cm 24 m, 1988, Jul Croat 26 78°01'W, 1,780 10 broad, than longer times 1.7-2.6 cm), K, (AAU, B, COL, CUVC, HUA, 69579 than longer times petioles, the .6-1.4 US, MO, PSO, QCNE, UB, YEN);

85 114 AROlDEANA Vo l. 32 , a . Habit. 32 a-Co Anthurium umhricola Eng Fig. (Croat 69605). . b. Leaf b l ade , adax ia l !. s urf ace . c. Inflor esce n ce sh ow in g spadix . d. Anthw " iwn speci es unknown # 1. CO " oat 69582). d. Herbar ium specimen.

86 HUANG,]. T. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 B. CROAT, P. C. LAKE, 115 quebradar 55"N, 01°09' mar, del middle, cerca below broadest at or somewhat 20 1,850 both coriaceous; thinly to subcoriaceous 77°58'44''W, G. 1997, Jan m, bicolor- surfaces semiglossy, moderately 9153 Herrera Cerro Le6n, & Bittner (MO); Feb 13 m, 1,850 78°00'09"W, 01°10'18"N, surface dark reddish drying upper ous; brown, moderately drying surface lower 1997, G. Herrera & Bittner 9395 (MO); San paler; slightly and convex narrowly midrib Isidro, Cruces, Cabeceras Hondonadas Las slightly paler above, acute and paler below, dan que quebradas Corcuel, de a drying dark brown, similar in color to Jun 78°00'09''W, 1,600 01°10'18"N, 5 m, petiole below; primary lateral 11- veins Pialapi (MO); 1997, 9665 Trail to to per side, 14 45°--60° at midrib departing Calledita, La Quebrada 01°lO'N, 77°55'W, angles, etched above, etched-sunken to 1990, m, 1,800-1,900 7 Aug Luteyn & D. al- convex below; interprimary veins Borde Sylva Stella NY); S. 13918 (MO, prominent as veins; lateral primary as most Restrepo 12 m, Nov 1,800 Pialapi, 1993, arising collective vein from one of first 671A 01°04'N, 1,600- (MO); 78°02'W, primary lateral veins, margin; 2-4 mm from C. 22 Gentry, Benavides, Ju11988, 1,800 m, INFLORESCENCES erect-spread- erect to (MO); Samper 63604 (MO); La et al. 63600 ing; peduncle 18-36 cm long, 1- on above Chucunes km 7 Planada, road 3 mm diam., drying a medium reddish trail Tuquerres and Ricaurte, along between brown; reflexed, spreading spathe to Posada, above La 01°05'N, 78°01'W, chartaceous, green linear, reddish, or m, 27 Ju11988, Croat 69605 (B, COL, 1,780 down curled along margins, 2-5 cm long, Quebradas, M, MO, NY, PSO, QCNE, US); K, 2-3 green, medium spadix wide; mm La - Mar 17 77°58'W, °lO'N, 01 El Calladita, stipitate, cylindroid, 5--6 cm 2- long, Jan 11249 (MO); 1988, 01°1O'N, Benavides tepals medium green, semi- 4 mm diam.; 77°58'W, 9542 Apr 29 1988, (MO). INFRUCTES- glossy; pistils yellowish. dark tepals with mature) CENCES (not fully versicolor Anthurium Anales Sodiro, green, widely separated from one another; Ecuador 13. 15(108): Centro Univ. white, berries emergent. weakly Rio Napo: 1901. ECUADOR. Type: Anthurium umbricola ranges from Co- and Baeza, Masfa, between Cujujua del Valle NariflO, Cauca, (Antioquia, lombia Sodiro (lectotype, QPLS). For s.n. Cauca) Ecuador (Azuay, Bolfvar, Cafiar, to complete (1999). see Croat synonymy Los Esmeraldas, Oro, El Cotopaxi, Guayas, epiphyte, Appressed or climber, some- of Pichincha), at elevations Manabi, Rios, times terrestrial; juvenile plants with forest, dry Tropical 250-2,100 m in Pre- 14-18 long, 1-2 mm diam.; cm petioles dry montane forest, Premontane wet forest, triangular-ovate, cordate, 10-16 cm blades Tropical forest rain Premontane forest, wet with inter- adults wide; cm 4-8 long, forest. species montane This Lower and dry cm long, 2-3.7 cm diam., me- nodes 3-10 La common throughout Planada. is quite to green dium turn- eventually gray-green, of sect. P01phyrochitonium, member A becoming brownish, ing semiglossy, variable quite apparently is species this transversely cataphylls fissured; densely especially in shape blade and venation, but nodes, upper at mushy the as persisting by it is characterized its typically terrestrial deciduous, or fibers pale of portion basal habit, C- petioles D-shaped exceeding to brown; reddish drying (37)43- petioles ovate, less blades or more black-drying 86 long 6- cm cm), 56.1 (averaging drying which are to rounded at base. Also acute diam., erect-spreading, terete or 11 mm characteristic is spadix. the short narrowly obscurely and sulcate, medium CO- specimens Additional examined: green, semiglossy; blades ovate-cordate, LOMBIA. Nariiio: Ricaurte, La Planada, acuminate 23- apex, at long, cm 35-84 7 Finca Salazar Ricaurte, above km 53 (averaging cm), wide cm 32 X 1.4- 44 1981, Nov m, 1,750 7r58'W, 01°08'N, 26 longer times 1.9 .7-1.3 broad, than times 1981, Nov 29 (COL, 35046 Gentry MO); longer broadest just petioles, the than Piliapi a Camino (COL); Gentry 35199

87 116 AHOIDEANA, l. 32 Vo b . . Anthurium ver:sico l or So dir Fig . 33 a- a-d & d. (Croat 69567). a . L ea f b lad e , adaxia l o . surf ace. b. Lea f bl ade, ad ax ial surfa ce. c. Ste m s h ow in g ca ta phyl ls, ba se o f petio les a nd inflor nce. esce (Croa t 7162 6). d. Infl o resce e. s h ow in g ba se of s padi x a nd pa rt o f spath nce

88 117 C. P. HUANG,]. LAKE, CROAT, V. KOSTELAC, 2009 T. B. at Paz), La (Cochabamba, Bolivia and subco- attachment, petiole of point above primarily m, from of elevations 180-3,200 at convex surface lower margins; riaceous, Tropical Pre- forest, dry 900-1,900 in m, matte paler, moderately to to slightly forest, montane forest, Tropical wet wet olive weakly glossy, drying light to medium montane Lower forest, rain Premontane with lighter, a above, often sheen golden Lower dry forest and montane rain forest cm long; 24-64 lobe anterior below; species is common in The life zones. posterior long, cm 12-23 cm lobes 9-18 been also has and Province Pichincha sinus spathulate, wide, directed inward; collected in at m. Province Carchi It 1,800 upper cm 10-18 deep, 2-5(8) cm wide; is Amazon unusual in also ranging to the matte a velvety with green, dark surface basin with a few collections in Pastaza and slightly and midrib acute paler sheen; At Morona-Chinchipe. Planada, it is La above, or paler rounded, narrowly convex and forest common in both regrowth 6--8 ridged weakly and veins basal below; primary forest. least at surfaces, both on pair, upon raised locality type The the on is species the of first the drying, base, the to free 3 or 2 of Masfa, Rio at Andes eastern slopes the coalesced remainder for posteri- cm; 2-7 the along Quito and between road Baeza. rib of most

89 118 32 Vol. AROIDEANA, COL, F, GH, (AAU, BR, CM, Croat 71412 B, Golondrinas, drainage, Pablo Rio Upper RSA, TEX, L, MEXU, MO, NY, PSO, QCA, 14 1,730-1,760 00oS2'N, 78°lO'W, m, Apr MO, US, YEN, WIS); 71429 (ENCB, LE, B. Boyle 1993, et al. 1661 1631 (MO, CAS); 1,7S0 29 m, Nov 01 °08'N, 7rS8'W, PSO); Tobar (MO); Maldonado, Reserva Donoso, 1981, MO); (COL, 35198 al. et Gentry OOoSS'N, Sabaiera, Awa, 78°32'W, Etnica 35179 77°S8'W, 01°lO'N, MO); (COL, Aulestia 22 900 Nov 1992, Carlos m, et al. m, 1,800 26 Sep 1989, Benavides 10891 (MO); 00oS6'N, 631 721 Chical, (MO); (MO); 01°06'OO"N, 13 7rS3'OO''W, 1,9S0 m, m, 1983, Aug 08 1,200-1,2S0 78°11'W, Jan 1981, et al. 30606 (MO); Gentry & Thompson John E. Rawlins 993 (MO); m, 1,8S0-1,9S0 77°S9'13"W, 01°09'37"N, mi. 7.8 SE of Maldonado on road to TuIcan, 19 2552 (MO, al. et Bittner 1996, Jun 78°0S'W, 27 Jul 1983, m, 00oS3'N, 2,400 PSO); (MO, 2550 EI Quebrada PSO); valley 887 (CM); bot- Cerro Golondrinas, m, 01°10'18"N, 78°00'09"W, 2,148 Balsal, 1 ca. tom of NNE km summit, 00oSI'38"N, G. 21 Mar 1997, Herrera & Bittner 9511 78°8'14"W, et B. 1994, Boyle Jul 20 m, 2,740 (MO); La Planada Trail E of La Posada, across of Rio Mira, side at. 3344 (MO); N 01°09'5S"N, Jul ,8S0 m, 17 7rS8' 44''W, 1 from 00053'N, Aug 11 m, 7S0 78°27'W, Lita 1994, °09'37"N, 01 (MO); 2608 al. Bittneret 3527 (MO); B. Boyle & A. Boyle 1994, 7rS9'13"W, 1,8S0-1,900 m, 18 Jul 1996, Blancas, Peflas of Vicinity of N km 6.6 EI 2611 (MO); al. Bittneret 01 °lO'N, 77°S8'W, Chical along trail to Tobar Donoso, 55061 1,800 et Gentry 1986, Jul 24 m, al. 78°11'S3''W, Feb 00oS8'38"N, 18 m, 1,100 IS m, (MO); Borde Marcos, 1,800 Nov (MO); 94881 et al. Croa 2005, W of 4.4 km La Potrero 1993, Restrepo 755 (MO); Rosa to m, 2,097 78°04'06"w, 00052'SO''N, Chilma, 77°S3'W, 1,800- Hermogenes, de Olo06'N, 2004, (MO); Along road 95000 19 Feb Mar 1990, Croat 71386 m, 13 1,8S0 EI Chical and EI Carmen departing between Posada, HUA, (CHOCO, MO, La PSO); Blancas Chical-Peflas main W km .6 Road, EI 1988, July 26 m, 1,780 78°01'W, 01°0S'N, 3.8 of Rio Chical Bridge, road, km S of main F, CM, COL, (AAU, 69567 Croat K, L, 1,300 Aug 78°11'37''W, 00059'OI''N, m, 9 MEXU, P, PSO, PMA, QCA, SEL, US, MO, Marcos, San PSO); (MO, 95392 Croat 2004, YEN); Jul 27 m, 1,780 78°01'W, 01°05'N, 1983, 01°08'N, 600 m, 8 Jui 78°20'W, 01°0S'N, Croat 1988, (MO, PSO); 69603 (CM); Encamp- Awa 788 et al. Thompson,]. et 1988, Jan 7 al. 60564 Gentry 78°01'W, ment, 00oS8'N, Chico, Gualpi 78°16'w, San Planada, Isidro-La (MO); Trayecto 1,330 m, at. Jan 1988, W. S. Hoover et 15 01°lO'N, I,SOO-I,800 m, 13 Feb 77°S8'W, 18 m, 1,330 78°16'W, 00oS8'N, (MO); 3230 Marcos, Borde 1988, Benavides 9175 (MO); TuIcan, Jan 1988, 2758 (MO); Arriba de 01°lO'OO"N, Nov IS m, 1,800 77°SS'OO"W, Maldonado, con Colombia, Sitio Frontera Occi- (MO); 755 Restrepo Vertiente 1993, Chilma, 20 m, 78°02'W, OOoSI'N, May 2,000 dental, 01°10'26"N, 77°S8'46''W, 1,800 m, 1991, Rubio Palacios & 7307 (MO); D. W. 1992, Aug 02 Paz 310A (CUVC); N. Donoso, Tobar 01°00'N, Sabalera, Sector 01°18'N, Rio Nambi, Altaquer-Tumaco, 1992, m, 78°24'W, 6S0-1,000 Jun 19-28 Mar 1990, 20 78°04'W, 1,100-1,130 m, Galo 1530 Tipaz et al. 1529 (MO); (MO); (AAU, CUVC, GB, HUA, 71626 MO, Croat °02'N, Canumbl, Sector Gualpi Medio, RIO 01 ECUADOR. PSO). Carehi: San Marcos 19-28 1993, Ar- Feb 78°1S'W, 1,150 m, 01°7'N, 78°22'W, Valley, 20-24 m, 600 mando QCNE); at. et (MO, Grijalva 454 Nov 1983, Baifod et at. 48881 (AAU); QCNE); 579 (MO, QCNE). (MO, 491 00oS2'N, 1,840 m, 29 Nov 1987, 78°08'W, Golondri- S. Hoover 2059 (MO); Cerro w Anthurium #1 sp. unknown nas, Rio Guaipi Upper headwaters, N-facing ( Calomystrium) at crest ridge of) N beyond slope (to internodes Epiphytic; cm 1.7 short, the 2,300 m which rises above settlements and semi-intact; Primavera, OOoSO'N, of EI Carmen diam.; cataphylls persisting La cm at diam. mm 3 mid- long, petioles 45 B. 1993, IS-20 m, 2,250-2,265 78°13'W, Jul Boyle et at. 2201 (MO, QCNE, US); Cerro cm long, drying dle, terete; geniculum ca. 2

90 C. T. P. HUANG, J. LAKE, CROAT, V. KOSTELAC, 2009 B. 119 diam.; cm 2.5 ca. internodes ca. 3 m tall; ovate- broadly blades petiole; than darker acuminate cordate, at base, cordate at apex, petioles cm long (averaging 60-110 1 cm cm), 92 near- drying middle, at diam. 15.2 long, 26.7 cm wide, cm times 1.7 ly broadly black; blades ovate-cordate, longer than than broad, 1.7 times longer base, at cordate at acuminate apex, 40- the petioles, broadest at above or slightly 70 wide (averaging cm 30-45 long, cm 61 point of petiole attachment, subcoriaceous, times X 38 cm), 1.2-1.4 longer than broad, glossy moderately slightly surfaces, both on long .6-.8 the petiole, broadest as times as bicolorous, drying medium yellow-brown; at near attachment, or petiole of point anterior broadly long, round- cm lobe 19.5 densely subcoriaceous; dark-speck- drying lobes ed; posterior 6.2- cm 7.5-8 long, led-granular surfaces, both on sur- upper overlapping, inward, 6.5 cm wide, directed face dry- glandular-punctate, dark sparcely at least upon 7 cm drying; sinus obovate, lower ing gray-green and matte; surface 2 cm deep, wide; narrow, convex midrib sparcely medium brown, glandular-punc- convex narrowly and slightly paler above, anterior grey, matte; brownish drying tate, and veins paler below; basal 5 pair, first 2 lobe long, cm 35-55 pos- wide; cm 30-45 the remainder coalesced base, to free for long, cm cm 12-20 lobes terior 15-21 2 cm, at below, raised least upon drying; 7- obovate, sinus inward; directed wide, rib curved; posterior naked for 1.5 cm, cm drying 16 deep, 7-8 cm wide; midrib side, 6 veins primary lateral departing per raised weakly above, slightly darker and midrib ca. at to ascending angles, 60° acutely raised and below; concolorous some- above, vein, collective etched-sunken pair, drying veins basal weakly 6-7 pleated-raised acutely tertiary below; what raised nearly sunken above, narrowly and collective visible below; veins weakly slightly below, base at black coalesced; vein fifth arising from fourth or basal vein, per 6-8 veins lateral primary side, about lateral primary as prominent as veins, departing midrib at an acute angle then from 1-5 mm INFLORESCENCES margin; spreading angle (to 30-45° 45-50° at INFRUCTESCENCES and seen. not vein, collective ascending apex), toward to one members only three of is species The above, raised drying narrowly weakly sect. of Calomystrium found at La Planada. st raised & 1 the below, acute bluntly and It is apparently rare, along once only seen rd nd to free to free nearly 2 3 the base, the the trail above La Posada. It is distinguished the the remainder weakly coalesced base, from the of species sect. other known from cm; collective vein originating 1-2 Planada having La at Calomystrium the by mm one lowermost basal of veins, 1-2 veins lateral primary upper on etched the margin. from IN- and INFLORESCENCES than rather the is as raised surface narrowly seen. not FRUCTESCENCES with case A. ricaurtense. probably is which The species, an a new spe- Although apparently this is undescribed taxon officially not be will will it fertile until cies, described be not described fertile until material acquired. is material becomes available. far Thus it from Planada La only known in is Nar- COLOMBIA. Specimens examined: Narifio Dept. m 1,750 at Colombia in La mo: Ricaurte, Planada, 7 km above a is member Calomy- of sect. It elevation. road between Tuquerres and on Chucunes habit characterized by its terrestrial strium forest with Ricaurte, regrowth secondary drying and leaves grayish ovate-cordate forest elements primary the above trail and veins free with basal the only or weakly m, 1,780 26 La Posada, 01°05'N, 78°01'W, with coalesced, punctations glandular on 1988, Croat July 69582 (MO, PSO). with collective the lower surface and the the near and base veins arising from sp. unknown #2 Anthurlum margin the to the along closely coursing (Calomystrium) apex. A. Erect that reclining on to terrestrial, similar riparium, a species usually It is on the shares similar venation, has glands epiphytic trees, stems or as an climber; to

91 120 Vo 32 , AROIDEANA l. 171 a . unknown # 2. (Ge ntlY 35 species ). a. He rba rium specimen. b. . Anthurium Fig. 34 spec ies unknow n # 3 . (Croa! 71467). b. Habit . c. Anthuriwn spec ies un k Anthul ' ium nown (Res epo 650). c. Herbarium spec im e n . d. An tburiu m species un kn tr # 5. (Croa t # 4. own . d. He rb ar ium specimen. 481) 71 r surface, dri es a similar co lo r, a nd has sp. unknown #3 Anthurium l owe h-sp ec l owe r surf ace ni ow (Porphyrochitonium) br ly dense s kled at in upper but th g species diff e rs in hav internodes mm 5-S s ho rt, c; yt i iph Ep e ra blad e s se d e n phid urfa ave ich h wh ces above, di a m .; cataphylls se mi-int ac t and s, ce o n th e ands l ks g lac e r surfa ce ll upp n fi brous be l a nd 5-6 cm lo ng, ow b r ow, has few w hil e this s p ec i es from La Pla n ada brown; petioles 13 -1 6 c m drying s h re ddi ce has e nt no raphid e o min ll s a nd pr or mm diam. , cm), 2-3 lo ng (ave raging 14.5 nll' rijJar bo th surfaces - nd s um i on Antl . g la sh h ly C-s lum sulcate; ge n icu arp aped, l ow e le va- ium is al so at prim a rily found sh 2-3 as p e tiol e, aped c m lo ng; blades , tions wh e La Pla na da is between 1,700 il ute to und e llipti c, acute a t apex, ac e d a t ro and 1, SOO m . se, ba c m 14-17 c m w i 7 6- lo ng, de (ave r- lac Antburium t(jZ oru m , anot he r s imil a r 15.5 aging ge r lo n tim - 2,4 2.3 cm), 6.5 X es s p es h a ract e ri s ti cs w ith es , s ha r i ec ma n y c p e o le, bro ad, ca. as lo ng as ti es t ad bro th a n th e Pl a in La so a l nad differs but es i ec p a s at n mo d e rat e ly r middl ea e, or us, co ria ceo nt nd prom g in hav e a bov s a ll ce e phid ra in e , g lossy co s; lo ro u co sp sp n co iC- n icuo us ly b i kin g g la nd s on both s urf aces. lac surfac- both o n ctate r-pun a la ndul uo usly g COLOMBIA. exam Specime ns in ed: Nar- es; g htly s nd a ex nv co ly ow narr midrib li a ca iiio: in ur te, La Plan ca, da , Sa laza r F Ri pa le r ly ow , na rr above and e d round p a le r °0 S' e, urt ca 7r5S'W 01 Ri above N, , 7 km be low; primary 6-s p e r veins lateral 1,750 Nov al et S1, 19 . 29 m , 35 171 Gently midrib g a ng les, ° -60 ° 45 a t d e p a rtin id e, s 7A (MO); Gently et at. 35 13 (MO).

92 121 T. V. KOSTELAC, 2009 B. CROAT, P. HUANG, J. LAKE, C. lateral slightly paler below; primary and than more etched, scarcely conspicuous veins angles; 8-9 pairs, 55-70° at arising conspicuous veins, interprimary the less collective 2 pairs, the inner pair 8- veins weakly above, veins collective than raised mm 13 moder- margins midway, the from than much conspicuous less and darker, below; veins collective veins collective with ately loop-connected primary the outer pair arising lateral veins, from the inner arising stronger pair the base, from in margin with merging and the base the mm from 8-11 and extending to apex 1/4 the lower the blade; upper surface of margin; the outer pair of collective veins running from the base mm margin near 1-2 eglandu- minutely matte, drying papillate, minutely granular dark surface lower lar; to and the extending apex but becoming mod- glandular-punctate; tertiary veins and of blade. INFLORES- lower 1/3 marginal in obscure. erately not INFLORESCENCE CENCES seen. not seen. of sect. Porpbyrocbitonium This member SpeCimen Nar- COLOMBIA. examined: Planada, is apparently rare at La having Bosque, El Finca Planada, Ricaurte, ilio: La been collected only once along the trail to It by recognized be can its El Hondon. San Isidro, vereda Acantayac, seccion of 1993, Nov 11 77°55'00"W, 01°10'00"N, 2 nearly elliptic blades with pairs 650 (MO). Restrepo veins arising from collective base, with the glandular punctations both on surfaces, primary and relatively later- inconspicuous unknown sp. #5 Anthurium veins. (Xialophyllium) al is probably new to Although this species Terrestrial, scandent; internodes often science, it is not described be- officially mm elongate, 4-11.5 diam., 3.5-4 long, cm material available the cause and sterile is weakly glossy; gray-green, cataphylls inadequate. upper to 4.2 cm long, intact at nodes, Nar- COLOMBIA. examined: Specimen turning brown, apex, green acuminate at above ilio: Ricaurte, La Planada, 7 km deciduous at or persisting intact upper road (along Chucunes Tuquerres between 7- petioles brown; drying nodes, reddish to El Hondon, and Ricaurte) along trail D- long, 2-3 mm diam., 12 cm sharply and for .5 km Tejon beginning at Quebrada toward ridge a medial with shaped, apex; beyond, 7r54'W, 01°08'N, 780--800 m, 15 geniculum 4-6 mm long; blades narrowly 1990, Mar (MO, Croat 71467 PSO). acuminate to abruptly acuminate ovate, at long, cm 12-14 base, at subcordate apex, # unknown sp. Anthurium 4 wide, 6-8.5 cm broadest at lower about coriaceous, thinly 1/3, somewhat matte, stem inter- short; moderately Epiphyte; bicolorous; lobes posterior si- rounded, .7- nodes short, 2.0-2.5 cm diam., drying broader nus mm 4-8 deep than rounded, 2.5 ca. cataphylls cm diam.; 1.5 cm long, deeply midrib sunken and concol- deep; persisting as dark reddish fibers; brown and round-raised above, apex, at orous long, cm sharply petioles subterete, 27.5 2-3 below; paler veins slightly basal pair, adaxially sulcate narrowly and dry- upon base; to free veins 10-12 lateral primary dark brown, matte, ing, drying to more quilted less or sunken, side, per 2 blades 21- ovate-elliptic, diam.; mm below; pleated-raised above, interprimary long, 2.3-2.8 wide, cm 24.6 cm 8.3-10.8 less present, veins scarcely conspicuous with inequilateral than longer times broad, veins lateral primary than drying; upon 4.7-10 one mm wider, gradually short- side veins base; basal the to free all 3 pairs acuminate at apex, dark rounded at base, tertiary in part sunken above, raised veins green slightly semiglossy and paler above, below; first arising veins collective from drying nearly con- and semiglossy below, margin. from mm 4-7 vein, basal of pair yellowish brown colorous, dark on both Antburium only is #5 unknown sp. drying narrowly rounded midrib surfaces; known from certain for Planada La where narrowly & slightly darker above, rounded

93 122 Vol. 32 AROIDEANA, and it was collected with concolorous nearly more drying only rare it is apparently as once both surfaces light grayish green instead of (Croat 71487). This species is a member Xialophyllium, sect. distin- of dark surface having the upper gray-green by gray-brown slender long, its guished moderately the lower surface drying and cataphylls, its dried internodes, deciduous paler and & gray-green. yellow The Croat D-shaped sharply slender narrow- petioles, from collection differs Whitehill Pichincha blades ovate which are subcordate at the ly with the in having lower surface scat- base tered granules of 1/3 lower at about broadest and on the the lower surface and in the blade, having midrib primary and lateral veins closest is species The glabrous nearly having undeter- to other so in contrast to or mined in smooth surface lower the Carchi material in Ecuador and faintly granu- with prominently speckled whitish Province (RIO Verde top of including major lar-puberulent veins mountain the is similar in geologic on which lower Mountains), Golondrinas format surface. to 1,870-2,400 03 78°7'W, 00052'N, Dec m, Specimen Nar- COLOMBIA. examined: W. 1987, S. Hoover 2266, MO, QCA) and La Ricaute, - Tuquerres Planada, mo: Ricaurte, Chu- above La Planada, 7 km Pichincha & Croat 82761 Whitehill in (San Province (along Bancos los and Can- between road de Miguel cunes Tuquerres Hondon, EI SSW km 16.5 Mindo, trail along Ricaurte) to Nanegal of ton, to begin- ning at Quebrada Tejon and for .5 km 78°44' 00°01'14, Nanegalito, 1,500 23"W, Hoover having in differs collection The m). 780--800 77°54'W, m, 15 beyond, 01°08'N, smaller (to somewhat blades 11 long) cm Mar 1990, Croat 71487 (MO, PSO).

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