1 The Truth About : MEAT AND ANTIBIOTICS Just like people, animals sometimes get infections that need to be treated with antibiotics. • Animals raised for food can become sick with respiratory, gastrointestinal, reproductive, and other bacterial infections. antibiotics if • Veterinarians are responsible for prescribing Did you know? , and for choosing them appropriately. necessary As of January 1, 2017, Federal As in health care, antibiotic stewardship is important on the farm, • guidelines require a veterinarian to and farmers work with veterinarians to meet this goal. write the prescription or order when antibiotics important to human States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food The United health will be used in fee d or water Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) oversees meat testing. of livestock and poultry. Why is this important? -based Science • antibiotic monitoring and testing programs established by USDA FSIS are in place to ensure meat is safe from health care , professionals in in As harmful levels of antibiotics . veterinary medicine must identify where antibiotic use practices can be Each testing program calls for samples to be routinely tested • before improved . Eliminating unnecessary meat is processed for human consumption. antibiotic use is an important part of Products found to contain antibiotics are discarded. • antibiotic stew ardship. • imported into the U.S. is held to the same testing Meat meat. raised U.S.- requirements and safety standards as otocols are Testing protocols are routinely reviewed to ensure pr • able to detect even trace levels of antibiotics in meat prior to . release for human consumption It is against the law to sell meat containing antibiotics. Less than 0.5% of all meat samples tested in 2016 contained • Farmers, processors, detectable antibiotics (U.S. Residue Program). Minnesota One Health Antibiotic and regulatory agencies work together to get this number to zero. Stewardship Collaborative • When an animal is treated with antibiotics, farmers follow federal Minnesotans from animal, human, and guidelines defining how long they must withhold that animal’s meat environmental health are working together or milk from consumption . to be smart about antibiotic use and preventing antibiotic resistance! If there is any question about how long to wait before processing, • s to determine a safe period to hold s work with veterinarian farmer the animal. (12/21/2018) Page 1 2 of The Truth About: Meat and Antibiotics

2 “Antibiotic . -free” is a misleading term • All meat legally sold in the U.S. arrives at the store after inspection by the USDA FSIS for safety and wholesomeness. It is against the law for anyone to sell any meat containing unsafe • levels of antibiotics. • Meat wit h unsafe levels of antibiotics is not approved for human consumption and is discarded. Connect with farmers and the Violations for selling meat with antibiotics are rare, but the Minnesota Department of penalties are steep. ! learn more (MDA) Agriculture to • Selling meat with antibiotics has costly consequences . Minnesota Beef Council • • Meat tested positive for antibiotic residue is discarded. Website. • Minnesota Pork Board. • If a farmer has more than one antibiotic residue violation in a 12 period, the farmer’s name is published on a public “Violator month Minnesota Turkey. • List,” available on the Federal FSIS website. facilities avoid purchasing animals from farmers with Processing • • MDA Dairy and Meat violations. published multiple Inspection Division. The meat and poultry industries work to improve animal health licensing/inspections.aspx and antibiotic stewardship. This fact sheet was developed with strive to produce healthy, safe meat products for the • Farmers contributions by Minnesota nd listen to the public, do right by the animals that they raise, a Department of Health, Department concerns of their consumers. of Agriculture, Board of Animal • Commodity groups and animal health organizations provide Health, and food animal antimicrobial stewardship education to producers, farm workers , participating in commodity groups and veterinarians on improvement of animal health and prevention the Minnesota One Health antibiotic use and treatment procedures, of infections, appropriate Antibiotic Stewardship Collaborative. avoidance of antibiotics in food products . and Many meat processing companies will only buy animals from farms • that complete continuous antibiotic education programs. • Talk to your local farmers about how they maintain and improve animal health while practicing antibiotic stewardship. Antibiotic s • tewardship will help us maintain our shared resource of antibiotics for human and animal health. References U.S. National Residue Program 2016 Annual Report. A vailable at: -5b4e -4e60- 85b4 - 8886d0dc1660/2016 Book.pdf?MOD=AJPERES -Red- Minnesota Department of Agriculture. Residue Prevention . Available at: tion.aspx The Truth About: Meat and Antibiotics 2 of (12/21/2018) Page 2

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