Pepco Helpful Ways to Save Money and Energy web version

Transcript

1 WAYS TO SAVE MONEY AND ENERGY Find more than 80 tips to help you save money and energy in your home.

2 ■ Clean or replace the filter in your forced-air heating and Everyone is looking for ways to save money and cooling systems each month. Foam filters can be rinsed energy around their home. This brochure includes with water, but be sure they are dry before replacing. a variety of tips to help you save throughout your Fiberglass filters need to be replaced periodically. entire house, as well as rooms where energy is ■ If you have a simple open masonry fireplace, consider used the most. installing a glass screen, a convective grate, a radiant grate or a fireplace insert. They’ll help cut down on the loss of SAVE THROUGHOUT YOUR HOME warm air through the fireplace chimney. YOUR HEATING SYSTEM ■ Check the duct work for air leaks about once a year if ■ Set your thermostat at 68 degrees F during the day and 60 you have a forced-air heating or central air conditioning degrees F at night, if health permits. You can save three system. To do this, feel around the duct joints for escaping percent on your heating costs for every degree you reduce air when the fan is on. Relatively small leaks can be easily the temperature below 70 degrees F for the entire heating repaired by covering holes or cracks with duct tape. More season. Special advice to heat pump owners: Heat pumps stubborn problems may require caulking as well as taping. need to stay at a constant setting. Check with your heating ■ Keep lamps or television sets away from the thermostat. or air conditioning contractor to determine the type of Heat from these appliances is sensed by the thermostat thermostat you have. and could cause your furnace to shut off sooner than is ■ Keep your heating equipment well-tuned with periodic needed for adequate warmth. maintenance by a professional service representative. ■ Weatherize your home by weatherstripping or caulking YOUR COOLING SYSTEM around doors and windows. This will help keep heat from ■ Be sure the air conditioner is fully charged with refrigerant your system inside the home. so it operates efficiently and keep your cooling system well- tuned with periodic maintenance by a professional service representative. Open your blinds during the day in ■ When selecting a central air conditioning unit, be sure the winter to let to choose one with the proper capacity and highest warm sunlight into efficiency; don’t oversize it. your home and ■ Choose a central air conditioning unit or room air close them at night. conditioning unit that uses a minimal amount of electricity. Close the blinds High Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratios (SEERs)—such as in the summer to 17.0 SEER and above—correspond with greater efficiency. keep cool air inside. ■ Keep lights low or off when not needed. Electric lights generate heat and add to the load on your air conditioner. Front Cover Tip: Raise your AC thermostat setting a few degrees in the summer and lower the thermostat setting on your heater a few degrees in the winter to reduce energy use. pepco.com/saveenergy 1 2

3 ■ ■ Plant shade trees strategically around your home. Properly Purchase a hot water heater of the correct size. Consider selected and planted shade trees can save money on your your family’s hot water needs: If your water heater is too large, it uses more energy than needed. If it is too small, average annual electric bill. you may run out of hot water. ■ Install a whole-house ventilating fan in your attic or in ■ an upstairs window to help air circulate in your home. Insulate the outside of your electric water heater with Although not a replacement for a central air conditioning an insulation blanket to reduce heat loss. Also insulate system, a fan is an effective way to stay comfortable on water pipes with half-inch foam or pipe tape for insulation milder days. Remember to cover and insulate it during the wherever pipes are exposed. On cold water pipes, insulate winter to prevent heat loss. four to five feet nearest to the water heater. ■ Install your water heater near the kitchen—the kitchen is Consider using a ceiling where you use the hottest water. When the water heater fan with your window is located near the kitchen, hot water doesn’t have to air conditioner to spread travel as far and less heat is lost. Be sure to check your the cooled air to other manufacturer’s instructions for minimum hot water heater rooms. Be sure however and dishwasher water temperatures. that the air conditioner is large enough to help cool SEALING AIR LEAKS the additional space. ■ Install storm windows. Combination screen and storm windows (triple-track glass combination) are the most convenient because they can be opened easily when ■ Keep lamps or television sets away from the thermostat. there’s no need to run heating or cooling equipment. Heat from these appliances is sensed by the thermostat and could cause your system to run longer than necessary. ■ Use duct tape to seal the cracks between each section of an air duct on your central air conditioning or forced-air ■ No matter what kind of central air conditioning system heating system. you have, clean the outside condenser coil once a year. To clean, turn off the unit and spray the coils with water at a ■ Insulate your attic floor or top floor ceiling to a minimum low pressure. High water pressure may bend the fins. Try of R-49 for these spaces. R-values indicate the resistance to spray from the top of the unit down and outward. of an insulation material to heat flow. The higher the R number, the more effective the insulating capacity. ■ Use vents and exhaust fans to pull heat and moistur e from R-values appear on the packages of insulation materials. the attic, kitchen, bath and laundry directly to the outside, if you don’t have air conditioning. Test windows and doors for airtightness. WATER HEATING Add weather stripping ■ Buy a high efficiency water heater. When you need a new and caulk where water heater, purchase a unit with a high Energy Factor necessary. You can save (EF) rating. EF ratings such as those of 91 and above 10 percent or more in correspond with greater efficiency. The higher the EF annual energy costs. rating, the more efficiently the unit will operate. 4 3

4 ■ ■ Don’t insulate over eave vents, on top of recessed lighting Purchase holiday light strings that feature LEDs or light- fixtures, or other other heat-producing equipment on the emitting diodes. LED lights use 90 percent less energy than attic floor. Also keep insulation at least three inches away standard incandescent bulbs. from the sides of these types of fixtures. ■ Turn on outdoor lights only when needed, and install lights ■ Insulate heating and cooling ducts in unheated or with motion detectors so they come on only when needed. uncooled areas. ■ Use timers, motion detectors, heat sensors or photocell ■ controls for light fixtures when possible. Don’t let air seep into your home through the attic access door. Check the door to make sure it is well insulated and ■ om your garage door opener is Removing one light bulb fr weatherstripped—otherwise, you’ll be wasting fuel to heat a creative energy saving tip. or cool the attic. SAVE IN ROOMS YOU USE ENERGY ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING THE MOST ■ LED bulbs are another energy efficient choice for indoor and outdoor lighting. They use about 90 percent less KITCHEN ENERGY SAVERS energy than traditional incandescent bulbs, and produce ■ Use cold water rather than hot to operate your food an intense white light making them ideal for spot, flood disposal. Cold water also helps get rid of grease by and security lighting. solidifying it, so it can then be ground up and washed away. ■ Turn off lights in any room not being used, even if your ■ Install an aerator in your kitchen sink faucet. absence will only be momentary. ■ Boil water in a kettle or covered pan as the water will ■ When using incandescent bulbs, use the lowest wattage come to a boil faster and use less energy. possible. In many cases a lower wattage bulb can be ■ Keep range-top burners and reflectors clean. They will substituted for the one currently being used. reflect heat better and you will save energy. ■ Light-zone your home to save electricity. Concentrate ■ Get in the habit of turning off the elements or surface lighting in reading and work areas, and where it’s needed units on your electric stove several minutes before for safety such as in stairwells. Reduce lighting in other completing the allotted cooking time. The heating element areas, but avoid very sharp contrasts. will stay hot long enough to finish the cooking without ■ Consider installing solid-state dimmers. They make it easy wasting electricity. to save energy by reducing the lighting intensity in a room. ■ Turn off the oven five to ten minutes before cooking time is up and let trapped heat finish the cooking. Avoid Consider using energy opening the oven door repeatedly to check food that is efficient lighting such cooking—this allows heat to escape and results in the use as LED or compact of more energy to complete the cooking of your food. fluorescent bulbs (CFLs). Instead watch the clock or use a timer. They use less energy and last longer than traditional ■ Don’t preheat the oven unless absolutely necessary, and incandescent bulbs. then for no more than ten minutes. 6 5

5 ■ ■ Use pressure cookers and microwave ovens if you have If possible, don’t place your refrigerator or freezer in direct them. They save energy by reducing cookIng times. sunlight or near the stove. Heat will cause the unit to use more energy to stay cold. ■ Avoid using the broiler; it is a big energy user. ■ Clean or replace air filters. Replace filters on exhaust Make sure your hoods, humidifiers, vacuums, etc. Clogged filters impair refrigerator door seals performance and cause units to run longer and use are airtight. Test them by more energy. closing the door on a piece of paper or dollar bill so ■ If you use a gas stove, keep your burners clean to ensure it is half in and half out of maximum efficiency. Blue flames mean good combustion; the refrigerator. If you can yellow flames mean service may be needed to ensure the pull the paper or dollar out gas is burning efficiently. easily, the hinge may need ■ Use a dishwasher instead of handwashing. It uses half adjustment or the seal may the amount of water and can save up to 5,000 gallons of need to be replaced. water a year. ■ ■ When buying a dishwasher, look for an energy-efficient Recycle old fridges since new refrigerators can save up to model with air power and/or overnight dry setting. These 50 percent of the energy needed to keep food and other features automatically turn off the dishwasher after the perishables at the proper temperature. rinse cycle. This can save you up to 10 percent of your ■ Vacuum refrigerator coils at least every three months. The dishwashing energy costs. dirt buildup makes the refrigerator use more energy to ■ Don’t use the “rinse-hold” on your machine for just a few keep contents cool. soiled dishes. It uses three to seven gallons of hot water LAUNDRY ROOM TIPS each time you use it. ■ Place the washer close to the water heater also. Water ■ Clean the filter. If your dishwasher has a filter screen, clean loses heat as it flows through pipes. When the washer is it regularly. A clean appliance runs more efficiently. located near the water heater, hot water doesn’t have ■ Set the refrigerator thermostat at 38 degrees F for to travel as far to reach the washer, and less heat is lost. fresh food compartments and 5 degrees F for freezer Insulating the pipes between the water heater and washer compartments. A small thermometer placed in the helps retain heat. refrigerator or freezer will help you set it correctly. ■ Wash clothes in warm or cold water. Rinse in cold water. Separate freezers for long-term storage should be kept ■ Clean the lint screen after each load of laundry and check at zero degrees F. Open the refrigerator or freezer door the exhaust regularly. A lint screen in need of cleaning and only when necessary, and don’t hold it open any longer a clogged exhaust can lengthen drying time and increase than necessary. the amount of energy used. ■ Regularly defrost manual-defrost refrigerators and freezers. ■ Save energy by using a clothesline. Drying clothing and Frost buildup increases the amount of energy needed to other laundry items outdoor reduces the energy needed to keep the refrigerator at its proper temperature. Never run a traditional clothes dryer. allow frost to build up more than one quarter of an inch. 8 7

6 ■ ■ Fill washers and clothes dryers, but do not overload them. Spend large portions of time in low-power mode to not only save energy, but also to help equipment run cooler ■ Place a dry towel in the dryer with each load of wet and last longer. clothes to absorb dampness and reduce drying time. ■ Use the power management settings on computers ■ Save energy needed for ironing by hanging clothes in the and monitors for significant savings. It is a common bathroom while you’re bathing or showering. By doing so misconception that screensavers reduce a monitor’s you can steam some wrinkles out and cut down on ironing energy use. Use automatic switching to sleep mode or time. If possible, iron a large load of clothes at a time. simply turn it off. BATHROOM ENERGY SAVERS ■ Consider buying a laptop for your next computer upgrade; ■ Take showers rather than baths, but limit both your laptops use much less energy than desktop computers. showering time and the water flow to save energy. ■ Use smart power strips and surge protectors to save ■ Install a low-flow showerhead. This saves a considerable energy and to be able to shut down multiple items quickly. amount of hot water and the energy used to produce it. ■ Purchase a good selection of high quality rechargeable ■ Use low-flow showerheads in all showers and faucet batteries and a charging unit. You’ll save money in aerators in bathroom sinks. the long run and keep hazardous materials out of our environment. Use rechargeable batteries for products like ■ Don’t let water run while shaving or brushing your teeth. cordless phones and digital cameras; studies have shown This wastes hot water and the energy used to heat it. they are more cost-effective than disposable batteries. HOME OFFICE AND ELECTRONICS TIPS ■ Unplug battery chargers when the batteries ar e fully ■ Select energy-efficient office equipment and turn off charged or the chargers are not in use. machines when they are not in use as this can result in significant energy savings. Reduce phantom load or ■ Use an ENERGY STAR-labeled computer which can save vampire draw—all of those 30-65 percent more energy than computers without this chargers that are plugged in designation, depending on usage. but not charging anything at ■ Put your laptop AC adapter on a power strip that can the moment. Chargers use be turned off (or will turn off automatically) to maximize energy when not being used, savings; the transformer in the AC adapter draws power so unplug them until needed. continuously, even when the laptop is not plugged into Put computers to sleep and learn how to activate the the adapter. power management features on your computer. 9 10

7 Report Power Outages and Downed Wires 1-877-PEPCO-62 (1-877-737-2662) Customer Service/Servicio en Español 1-202-833-7500/1-202-872-4641 TTY for Hearing Impaired 1-202-872-2369 Stay Safe. Stay Connected. @PepcoConnect /PepcoTV /PepcoConnect pepco.com/saveenergy Please recycle © Pepco, 2017 pepco.com

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