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1 UNTIED STATES DISTRICT COURT THE IN FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Case No. IN APPLICATION AN OF MATTER THE -- ---- --- FOR FOR COMPLAINT CRIMINAL KNOWN MARJIA AS ALSO BUTINA, BUTINA MARIA OF IN AFFIDAVIT SUPPORT FOR CRIMINAL COMPLAINT APPLICATION AN A being first duly I, Kevin hereby depose and state that I am a Special Agent Helson, sworn, the Federal Bureau with Investigation (FBI) and charge as follows: of FBI THE INVESTIGATION The bases of my knowledge for the facts alleged herein are as follows. I have been a 1. the 15 years. Currently, I am assigned to Counterintelligence Agent the FBI Special for with FBI. of the The focus of my counter intelligence Office within Washington Division Field the efforts has the investigation been the foreign of activities of the R~ssian Federation. I intelligence have learned t he facts contained in this affidavit from, among other sources, my personal law in my discussions with other investigation, enforcement agents, searches that this participation and been that has been conducted, surveillance reviews of documents , electronic have conducted, and other · evidentiary materials. items, 2. In course of this investigation, the FBI has employed a variety of lawful the investigative methods the acquisition , including Rule 41 of warrants of two premises, which search a laptop included to search electronic devices. One of those searches authorization included belonging computer to MARilA BUT.INA , a/k/a Butina" ("BUTINA''), ·(hereinafter "Maria Laptop") and an iPhone belonging to BUTTNA (hereinafter ''BUTINA's iPhone "). "BUTINA's of establishing probable cause, it submitted for the limited purpose Because this affidavit is being during does include every fact that I have learned not the course of this investigation. Further, any

2 statements related are related in substance and in part only. Finally, certain items related herein FBI linguists from Russian to English. by were herein translated BACKGROUND 18, sections 371 (Conspiracy) and 951 Code, U.S. Title (Agents Governments) Foreign of 18 of the United States Code, section 371 3. to Commit Offense or to Title (Conspiracy United makes Defraud States), conspire offense any a criminal to for together with one it person(s) more others either to commit an offense against the United or or to defraud the United States, States or agency thereof, in any manner or for any purpose. any Title 18 4. of United Code, section of (Agents States Foreign Governments), the 951 makes a criminal offense for any person, other than a diplomatic it consular official or attache, or of the to notification prior without an agent government a foreign act as States United the in to Attorney General, as required by law. For purposes of this the term "agent of a foreign law, includes government" who agrees to operate within the United States subject individual the an to or control of a foreign government or official. direction Persons and Definitions Relevant 5. DefendantBUTINA citizen who entered the United States in August 2016 is a Russian arrival an Student on Before and after her F-1 in the United States, BUTINA served as Visa. RUSSIAN the to the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL. Conspiring together, BUTINA and Assistant Special took overt acts in furtherance OFFICIAL various the conspiracy and to effect the illegal purpose of thereof. 6. RUSSIAN OFFICIAL is a Russian citizen The a high-level official in the Russian and government. The RUSSIAN OFFICIAL was previously a member of legislature of the Russian the OFFICIAL RUSSIAN The Bank. Central Russian at the a top official later and Federation became in furtherance of the conspiracy. activities directed BUTINA's 2

3 7. U.S. 1 is a United States citizen and an American political operative. BUTlNA Person contact with Person 1 in Moscow in or around 2013. U.S. Person 1 worked with estab]ished U.S. BUTINA iu U.S. persons having influence introductions to American politics, jointly to arrange organization promoting gun rights (hereinafter "GUN RIGHTS ORGANIZATION"), an including Federation. of advancing the agenda of the Russian purpose the for U.S. Person 2 is a United States citizen 8. was included among the participants in who of in communications email 2016 and 2017 that reveal BUTINA's efforts to arrange a a series series in the District of Columbia and dinners York City involving Russian nationals and of New logue dia and in American politics (hereinafter "friendship influence persons U.S. having impressed much "very was OFFICIAL that the RUSSIAN 2 dinners"). U.S. told BUTINA Person support you" that by Russians will and the efforts from our side." "the 9. The Ministry of Foreign of the Russian Federation (MFA) is the Russian Affairs agency with responsibility for the Russian Federation's foreign relations and government primary policy. foreign the Russian Federation of Actions Russian Federation, The 10. Russia, is one of the leading or intelligence threats to state U.S. the on its capabilities, intent, and broad operational scope. Penetrating based U.S . interests, Community decision-making and the national apparatus are primary objectives for Intelligence numerous foreign intelligence entities, including Russia. The objective of the Russian Federation and of influence and strength, and it targets the United States expand its sphere leadership to is U.S. allies further that goal. to Russian influence operations are a threat 11. to U.S. interests as they are low-cost, and to shape foreign perceptions to influence populations. ways relatively low-risk, and deniable degrade create wedges that reduce trust and confidence in democratic processes, to Moscow seeks 3

4 democratization efforts U.S. partnerships with European allies, undennine Western , weaken encourage anti-U.S. views, and counter efforts to bring Ukraine and other sanctions, political states European institutions. Soviet into former 12. pursuant to Executive Order 13661, the U.S. Department of the In 2018, Treasury's of Assets Control (OFAC), in consultation with Foreign U.S. Department of State, listed Office the Russian oligarchs and 12 companies they own or control, 17 senior Russian government seven including OFFICIAL, RUSSIAN ofiicials, and a state-owned Russian weapons trading the sanctioned and a Russian bank, as specially designated nationals. OFAC subsidiary, company its RUSSIAN OFFICIAL for being an Official the the Government of the Russian Federation. In of these U.S. sanctioning Treasury Secretary Steven T. Mnuchin announced: entities, Russian engages The government a range of malign activity around the in including continuing to occupy Crimea and instigate violence in globe, eastern Ukraine, supplying the Assad regime with material and weaponry as they their own civilians, attempting to subvert Western bomb , and malicious activities. Russian oligarchs and elites democracies cyber be from profit system will no longer this insulated from the who corrupt consequences their government's destabilizing activities. of DEFENDANT'S ON THE BEHALF OF RUSSIA ACTIVITIES As that below , the FBI's investigation has revealed 13. BUTINA, the defendant, detailed direction at the of the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL. States worldng United in the was 14. The FBI's investigation further revealed that BUTIN~ and the RUSSIAN has politicians took OFFICIAL develop relatiol)ships with American steps in order to establish to private , or as she called them, "back channel" lines of communication. These lines could be used national by Federation to penetrate the U.S. Russian decision-making apparatus to advance the the agenda of the Russian Federation. 15. The FBI's investigation has also revealed that BUTINA and the RUSSIAN 4

5 OFFICIAL planned advance Moscow's long-term strategic objectives in the United States, in to pa1t, by with American political organizations, including the GUN establishing relationships with Based training, experience and familiarity my this RIGHTS ORGANIZATION. on 1 believe investigation, and the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL took these steps in order to that BUTINA groups those advance the interests of the Russian Federation. infiltrate and things, Russian operation included, among other The (i) taskings from the 16. influence OFFICIAL to BUTINA; (ii) meetings between BUTINA and U.S. politicians and RUSSIAN candidates; (iii) political attendance at sponsored by special interest groups, BUTINA's events BUTINA's reporting back to (iv) candidates; and U.S. by attended and political also politicians through the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL the results of the various encounters with the Moscow U.S. politicians political candidates. and i the Groundwork in Russia Lay ng During the course of her work as a covert 17. agent, BUTINA regularly met and Ru~sian communicated with the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL and U.S. Person 1 to plan and develop the contours of the operation . influence Person or March 24, 2015, BUTINA emailed U.S. about 1 with the subject line 18. On 1 Second Pozner." BUTINA The body of this email also contained a project proposal. of "The to U.S. Person 1 in the email that she was sending the "Google Translator text. Maybe I noted because at least a day the text is very specific." She translate but it would it myself take could went on to note that she " will be happy to answer to any your qu est ions [sic] and follow your recommendations before finally send it." The first line a [sic] the reads , "Project of proposal 'Diplomacy."' Description a major goes It state that on U.S. political pa1ty [hereinafter to I believe that this statement likely refers to Vladimir Pozner , a propagandist who served in television the depattment of the Soviet KGB and who often appeared on Westem disinformation to explain the views of the Soviet Union during the Cold War. 5

6 "POLITICAL PARTY would likely obtain control over the U.S. government after the 2016 1"], that POLITICAL elections; PARTY "traditiona 1 with negative and aggressive ll is y associated with particularly regards policy, foreign now whh to right to negotiate seems Russia. However, the build konstruktivnyh [sic] best and that to relations;" c ]entral and influence in the "[ place PAR1:Y [POLITICAL RIGHTS [GUN 1] ORGANIZATION]. The [GUN plays the RIGHTS [is] the largest sponsor ORGANIZATION] the elections to the US congress, of we ll as a sponsor as of CPAC conference and other events." The BUTINA's relationship with the GUN l further highlighted March . 24, 2015 emai 19 The ORGANIZATION's leadership, including her attendance at events in the United States RIGHTS BUTINA's and the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL's connections to officials of the GUN RIGHTS and ORGANIZATION. BUTINA recent visits to the United described including references to States, instances when she was introduced to POLITICAL PARTY 1 leaders as a "representative of informal diplomacy" the Russian Federation. BUTINA's project proposal concluded by noting, of the resulting to be strengthened is in needs current time interval, before the "[t]he status election in 2016," and requesting a budget of $125,000 for BUTlNA to participate in presidential "all upcoming conferences" POLITICAL PARTY 1. major of In late March 2015, U.S. Person 1 replied 20. BUTINA via email with the subject to "Potential American Contacts": Dear Maria, * * * balance "special project" will be to your two opposing Yow· in challenge Your desire imperatives: communicate that you speak for Russian to while that be ascendant (still around) in a post-Putin world will interests to criticize the President or speed the arrival nothing simultaneous ly doing of successor. his and political is easily understood in private meetings with restriction This business leaders. It will SEVERELY limit yout interactions with media. 6

7 Most of potential "guest appearances" listed under media will only be the if you're to be more candid (honest) than is politically possible willing you. prudent for the medja personalities listed would be But of ALL patrons meeting the record" - though your "off I sponsors in interested you fully understand the power may not meetings do you such not appear of if in as you do print Russia. or radio, television, on * * * NO limit as [T]here how many American companies that you can is to - at the highest meet you are able to represent that you are a levels-if line into communication potential future Russian Federation of governments. In U.S. Person 1 listed potential media, business, and political contacts, and closed with, email, this U.S. this understands (to some degree) list / Russian relations under President on "Everyone and President Putin. Everyone on this list would like to better understand Obama Russian U.S./ under new presidents for each country. relations can provide commentary both- YOU on willing you're take that risk." if to Also in late March 2015, U.S. 21. 1 emailed BUTINA, with the subject line Person "Your Forward." Plan this email, In Person 1 told BUTINA that U.S. If you were to sit down with your special friends and make a list of ALL the most important could find in America for a time when contacts you the situation the U.S. and Russia will change, political could NOT you between than better do that I just emailed the NO one - certainly not the list you. Russian Federation public relations representative in New York ­ "official" cunent build And for a variety of list. political reasons, the a better could Russian ambassadors to the United States and United Nations do current not even try. YOU VE ALREADY MET ALL OF THE AMERICANS necessary to HA ... you to EVERYONE on that list. introduce If you NOT spent the last year attending conferences in America, it had list. take ANOTHER year to be would to meet the names on that you able What have done is prepare you all of the groundwork (necessary introductions) in order to be introduced to everyone on that list. All that is needed is your friends to provide for with the financial resources to you spend the time in America to TAKE ALL OF THESE MEETINGS. I and your in America friends can't make it any easier for you than that. 7

8 Your potentia either understand this or they don't. The names of l sponsors of the that impress your friends by listing t]:tem. All that your all people need friends to that meetings with the names on MY li st would not is know without in unknown names possible your "business card" notebook. be the focused them Keep you are NOW able on meet, NOT the people who to have ALREADY met. you Your has affiant reviewed a number of .pdf docwnents stored in BUTINA's 22. the itt er direct messages between BUTINA and Tw RUSSIAN OFFICIAL that Laptop containing direction and coordination reflect BUTINA's efforts by the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL. The of direct include: of2015 half the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL in the latter and messages between BUT.INA A conversation • between RUSSIAN OFFICIAL the BUTINA regarding and an a1iicle pub lished by BUTINA in The National Interest on or about June 12, 2015, argued that certain U.S. politicians and Russians share which common interests. many the OFFICIAL to look BUTINA RUSSIAN asked article, and at RUSSIAN OFFICIAL said it was very good; the the A request • the BUTINA OFFICIAL for by to "write [him] RUSSIAN brief' States a political event in the United about which she was something scheduled attend. BUTINA provided that to the next day, which write-up included descriptions of her to a political candidate on the night of speaking the announcement, well as BUTINA's previous the meetingw i th _ as private candidate the 2015 annual at RIGHTS ORGANIZATION members' GUN meeting; • Discussions about the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL's attendance at a anticipated to l approva ud ing whether he had received (incl National Prayer Breakfast attend from the MF A), and providing the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL with 8

9 biographies of po litic ians and executives of the GUN RIGHTS U.S. ORGANIZATION; • about the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL's p lans to meet wi th a U.S. D iscuss ions a Congressional trip to Moscow in August during Delegation Congressman 2015 . conversat ion, BUTINA noted that she has the RUSSIAN 1n that OFF I passport and can purchase a plane ticket diplomatic hjm CIAL's for St. Petersb u from to Moscow; and rg A statement to the BUTINA • RUSSIAN OFF ICIA L that the latter "has from of mission - restoration of relations between a serious the responsibility continued by say i countries." BUTINA that this is a long game and that ng , "maybe inviting the [GUN RIGHTS ORGANlZA TION] he re, you have by ugh, a conflict prevented great nat ions. D altho betwee I think, this is n two the very beginning of the journey." 23. Based on training, experience, with this investigation, I be li eve my and familiarity represent above-descr email and Twitter conversations the BUTINA's plan to conduct that ibed ies as an illega l agent of the Russian Fede activit in the United States through a Russian ration influence operation. ct in the United Sta tes A s BUTTNA's efforts 24. United States to promote the political interests of the in the Russian Federation were diverse and multifaceted, including BUTINA's efforts to organize a series of and dialogue" dinners, some of which are "friendship to have taken place in the believed Di strict of Columbia, as well as BUTINA's attendance at two National Prayer Breakfasts in the Columb i a. of District 25. On or about January 19, 2016, BUTINA and the Russian Representative exchanged 9

10 Twitter direct regarding logistics for the 2016 National Prayer Breakfast. The RUSSIA N messages -had given approval for his attendance. noted OFFICIAL A that the MF 4, and both BUTINA February the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL attended the 2016, 26. On Breakfast in the District Prayer National 2016 of Columbia. strings") of (also known as "email communications spanning email A series 27. March 11 , 2016 and involving BUTINA , U.S . Person 1, and U.S. Person 2 reveal 10 and of Columbia arrange the "friendship and dialogue" dinners in the BUTINA's efforts to District and . Person York the end of May 2016. U.S near 1 provided a list to BUTINA . of New City individuals and noted that this list would serve as "a good start for Maria' s first American briefing for RUSSIAN OFFICIAL's] Friday morning in Moscow." BUTINA expressed her gratitude [the the U.S. son 1 to noted that she had received Per list before her meeting with the RUSSIAN and OFFICIAL, and "that [w]e confirm the Dates! [the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL] is working on the best third person the Russian side now." Additionally, BUTINA told U.S. Person 2 that the from OFFICIAL bad to her RUSSIAN expressed was he much impressed by you and that "very his great appreciation for what you are doing to restore relations between the expresses two count ries. side. also you to know that.Russians will support the efforts from He wants That our is all tell you for I can More information next week!" now. 28. On March 14, 2016, BUTINA emailed U.S. Person 2 and said that the RUSSIAN Russian-American to "his desire in our her project," and that a OFFICIAL confinned building of this Presidential administration had expressed approval "for the Russian representative communication channel." BUTINA additionally assured U . S. Person 2 that he should not wony from as we needed is << yes>> ll that Putin's side . The rest is easier." "a 29. On March 30, 2016, BUTINA sent an email thanking an associate of the organizer 10

11 of the Prayer Breakfast for meeting with her and the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL in Moscow. In 2017 email, BUTINA that the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL "suggested to President Putin that he this noted Pres. to Breakfast next year, Feb 2017, and Prayer Putin did not say the coming consider 'no'!" that she believed that there were a number BUTINA conditions that should be met in observed of for Putin to attend, including a personal invitation President the President of the United order from and the attendance States at least ld leaders other wor of or heads of state. In a later March fifteen the organizer email, provide 2017 Prayer Breakfast promised BUTINA he of National the would at the 201 7 event. seats ten On September 16, 2016, BUTINA sent an email to U.S. Person 30. U.S. Person 2 1 and regarding another Russian-American "friendship and dialogue" dinner in the District organizing at Columbia. suggested scheduling the next dinner of the beginning of October 2016, BUTINA because "we on ly have 2 month left before the US elections and it's the time for building an advisors team Russia for a new president. I am seriously on that the some wony candidates will realize that day suddenly upcoming time to 'now' something with Russia and will is the do for advisory among currently popular radically oppositional to look crowd Russia of Bad experts. happen I believe we can prevent it." [sic] things than. 31. October 4, On U.S. Person 1 sent an email to an acquaintance. The email 2016, covered a number of topics. Within the email, U.S . Person 1 stated, "Unrelated to specific presidential campaigns, been in securing a VERY private line of communication I've involved the Kremlin between key POLITICAL PARTY 1 leaders through, of all conduits, the [GUN and RIGHTS ORGANIZATION]." Based on my training, experience, and familiarity with this Person investigation, this email describes U.S. that 1 I believe 's involvement in BUTINA's efforts Russia. of Government the of for representatives communication a "back establish to channel" 32. On October 5, 2016, BUTINA and the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL exchanged the 11

12 following direct on Twitter: messages Time will BUTINA: tell. our We am following our game . I bet. made I the from the prayer breakfast connecting will be people Most to this group. importantly, win. else we will Everything better. you get OFFICIAL: RUSSIAN Of course we No win, but I (you are doubt! will made an (I hospital ll ness first and get out of the i need to beat right) the about And work). fight it is not didn't winning today's today attempt - it we are striving for it) but (although win the entire battle. This is the battle to the future, for it cannot Or will lose. lost! everyone be BUTINA: True! try to But out right now: the doctors ordered you don't get stay for a reason. Better finish the treatment. Please do not risk it. You to a key role and you know it. I will not manage without you. have risen This is a mistake. Your political star has No! RUSSIAN OFFICIAL: the . in sky it is important to rise to the Now ith and not bum out (fall) zen prematurely. and Oh well. I am just start ing in this field . I still have to learn BUTINA: are not just words! Harsh and impetuous moves will These learn from you! everything early. ruin This hard RUSSIAN OFFICIAL: is Patience and cold blood + to teach. yourself. And everything will definite ly turn out. faith in * * * : By your recommendation, I am setting up the groundwork here BUTINA I am really in need of mentoring. Or the energy might to towards the but direction. that dinner showed wrong American society is Yesterday's the to the Russia . This is now opinions, dividing line of relation broken in us, one in the election race. [POLITICAL PARTY I] are for crucial major politica l party] - against - 50/50. Our move U.S. is [another here important." [sic ] very the the October 5, 2016 Tw itter direct communications, BUTINA and During 33. The RUSSIAN operation. in the take to steps other discussed RUSSIAN also OFFICIAL potential how BUTINA ''Russia-USA friendship society" looked at that time. the asked about OFFICIAL Now, responded, alive . We are current ly ' underground' both here and there. not private "It's on people making decisions is the trend. No publicity." She clubs and quite [sic] influence 12

13 continued, "Advisor profession of the current day. Even a secret advisor. Right now the - is the here is - and there is the idea, so that the right thoughts would dominate." Administration flexible Following this 5, 2016 Twitter conversation, October . 34 RUSSIAN the and BUTINA a U.S BUTINA should volunteer to serve as from . election observer discussed whether OFFICIAL Russia The the risk was too agreed that RUSSIAN OFFICIAL expressed the opinion and high. "the risk of provocation is too high and the 'media hype' which comes after it," and BUTINA that by "Only agreed incognito! Right now everything has to be quiet and careful." responding, In October BUTINA and the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL intermittent ly 2016, 35. communicated National topics of the 2017 discuss Prayer Breakfast invitation and the to the elections via Twitter direct message. On October upcoming 2016, BUTINA asked the 17, RUSSIAN for a list of ten individua ls from Russia who would be attending OF:FICIAL the National Breakfast. BUTINA further suggested Prayer the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL that it would to be a good idea to invite the Russian Ambassador and noted that it "needs to be somebody influential from it would Russia, RPC better were someone] from the Kremlin or it [Russian [if be Church] Orthodox of course." RUSSIAN the of November 8 and 9, 2016 Twitter direct messages, series 36. In a and OFFJClAL discussed were results of the U.S. Presidential election as they BUTINA the As part announced. told that Twitter conversation, of same the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL, BUTINA " . . . I'm going to sleep. It's 3 am here. I am ready for further orders." The RUSSIAN OFFl<;::IAL responded, "Think in which areas of life we could go towards bringing us closer. ISIS - about understandab l American what we need to look at y, else agenda." After speculating about who the might be nominated as Secretary of State, BUTINA suggested a phone call to discuss, and the our RUSSIAN noted that he liked the idea, but was worried that "all OFFICIAL phones are being listened to!" BUTlNA suggested that they talk via WhatsApp. 13

14 37 . November 11, 2016, BUTINA sent the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL a direct message On Twitter, in she predicted who might be named Secretary via which and asked the of State about find how "our RUSSIAN felt out that potential nomination. to OFFICIAL people" on November 11, 2016, BUTINA sent the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL a direct 38. Also Twitter via included a screen ~hot message which "reports" Russian . One repo1t two in of to establish proposed with U.S. politicians through a conference. The proposal ways dialogue that "[t]he conference must be presented as a private stated not a government initiative, undertaking." proposal also suggested that BUTINA and a number The politica l officials of and should Congressmen partfoipate. U.S. report, BUTINA noted to the RUSSIAN In this OFFICIAL, the heading "advantages," that "[t)he event under get wide coverage in the press; it will will the be first event regarding Russia in Washington (currently, all positive them anti-Russian and of are The event does anti-Putin). government pose risks because no not officials from either country any will attend; yet it creates a foundation for further talks on the level of government officials." 39. In 12, 2016 Twitter direct message, the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL a November won't go that above and informed BUTINA proposal "they" reading referenced acknowledged the it. for told BUTINA that he could not reach an MFA contact and noted "[p]eople are waiting He on the decisions. I will try to clarify this subject on Monday one more time." Based formed for my experience, and familiarity with this training, I believe these messages are the investigation, RUSSIAN OFFICIAL relaying the Russian Federation's instructions to its BUTINA. agent, Person On 2016, BUTINA emailed U.S. 30, 1 regarding the Russian 40. November to the delegation National Prayer Breakfast. BUTINA stated that the 2017 "[p ]eople in the list are handpicked by [the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL] and me and are VERY influential in Russia. They are coming establish a back channel to of communication ... Let's think if our [U.S. Person 2's first them name] like to meet with would . . . " ( ellipses in original) 14

15 41. On 1, 2016, U.S. Person l emailed BUTINA with instructi ons for "w hat December to book Russian delegation hotel rooms in the Washington Hilton - the actual venue is required the Nationa not r Breakfast." The email listed rooms and prices, and U.S. Person l the ed, of l Praye of safe, ask be RUSSIAN OFFICIAL] to place US $3500 on one I'd your Russian charge "To [the in order cards to pay these deposits." In a December 26, 2016 emai l, the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL told B UTJNA that 42. the MFA no objectio n to hi s trip to attend the Natio nal Pray er Breakfast, but "it does not mean had be no Officially, only ambassadors will ... invited. There will be state led that everything is sett ers delegations." BUTINA replied, lead and response from the MFA is perfect.[] I am "The ious." ser of an email between U.S. was 43. a copy On January 5, 2017, BUTINA forwarded Person lan d U.S. Person 2 regarding the 2017 National Prayer Break fast in which U.S. Person 1 attached a list Russian visitors, including 12 Russ ian guests, noting , "In addition to delegation of important the list is populated by political advisors to Russian [th OFFICIAL], leader e RUSSIAN sident Putin, university presidents, mayors, and substantial private businessmen." Pre via On 26, 2017, BUTINA 44. the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL communicated and January before itter message about the RUSSIAN Tw delivering a speech the night direct the OFFICIAL Natio nal Prayer Breakfast. BUTINA told the Russian Repre se ntative that "[t]he only thing I ask me breakfast very important for is for negotiations with the is me. This to mention somehow committee. They to see need n committee' not the me 'organizatio as bu t as your pa11ner delegation and colleague." The Russian Representative agreed as to the " need to stress [BUTINA's] status as figure." · a key 45. On February 2, 2017, BUTJN A and the RUSSIAN OFFICIAL attended the 2017 National Prayer Breakfast in the District of Columbia. 15

16 46. On 6, 2017, BUTINA emailed a National Prayer Breakfast organizer to February him for gift of you [sic] precious time during the National Prayer Breakfast week - and "the thank relationship very meeting that followed. A new private between two countries always the for better when it begins in faith. begins you have a chance to rest after last week's events, I Once important for you to further this information relationship. I would appreciate one brief new have new meeting you to explain these with developments. I remain in Washington, D.C. additional (emphasis my Master's Degree at American University. My schedule is your schedule!" pursuing added) On 8, 2017, BUTINA emailed U.S. Person 2 48. February thank him and noted, to dinner. delegation stop chatting about your wonderful cannot My dearest President has "Our received 'the message' about your group initiatives and your constructive and kind attention to the Russians." in the time did BUTINA notify At Attorney General, whose office 49. no the Department of Justice is located in the District of Columbia, that she would and did act in the United States as an agent of a foreign government. 16

17 CONCLUSION 50. For to reasons there is probable cause above, believe that BUTINA the stated U.S.C. more or § 371. persons to violate 18 U.S.C. § 951, in violation of 18 with conspired one 51. I declare under t he penalty of perjury that the informatio n provided above is true and correct the of my knowledge. to best su bmitted , Respectfully Jr~fh,~ /, VINHELsb Special Agent Federal oflnvestigation Bureau H ONORABLE DEBORAH A. ROBINSON UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE WDGE / 17

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