Annual Energy Review 2011 Released September 2012

Transcript

1 D / E I A - 0 3 8 4 ( 2 0 1 1 ) E | S e p t e m b e r 2 0 1 2 O 1 1 0 2 w e i v e R y g r A n n u a l E n e . r a / v o g e a i e . w w w

2 certain groups, such as public and academic reign governments; EIA survey respondents; 7:00 a.m.-8:00 p.m., Eastern time, M-F DC Metro Area: 202-512-1800 Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954 P.O. Box 371954 U.S. Government Online Bookstore Superintendent of Documents 202-512-2104 Toll-Free: 866-512-1800 Electronic Access 061-003-01161-6 Phone Fax Internet Mail Graphs: PDF files Full report and sections: PDF files Report tables: Excel, HTML, and PDF files Table data (unrounded): Excel files Washington, DC 20585  Telephone: 202–586–8800 Fax: 202–586–0114 Office of Communications, EI-40 Email: [email protected] Website: http://www.eia.gov  Forrestal Building, Room 1E-210  1000 Independence Avenue, S.W.  Printed with soy ink on recycled paper. In many cases, PDF files display selected annual data; Excel and HTML     Note: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual. sion available. The AER is available on EIA’s website in a variety of formats at: files display all years of data available. Excel files display the greatest data preci- tics, contact: Printing Office: and the media. For further information and answers to questions on energy statis- libraries; Federal, State, local, and fo This and other EIA publications may be purchased from the U.S. Government Complimentary copies are available to GPO Stock No: For additional information see http://bookstore.gpo.gov/index.jsp. Monthly disseminate data 2011 tables and figures carry a the Excel formats and the HyperText gy data and information program mble, analyze, and years’ data. In particular, see the Most AER ) is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's AER Section 205(c), and is in keeping with responsibilities and renewable energy; financial and environment indi- ( For tables beginning in 1949, some early years (usually The emphasis of the AER is on long-term trends. Analysts Annual Energy Review 2011 Ordering Information Important Notes About the Data at http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly for statistics that and information...” “The Administrator shall be responsible for carrying out a central, comprehensive, and unified ener which will collect, evaluate, asse Annual Energy Review Released for printing: September 27, 2012 energy analysts, and the general public. EIA welcomes suggestions from readers The AER is intended for use by Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, regarding the content of the AER and other EIA publications. Data Displayed: The however, all years of data are shown in Comprehensive Changes: Markup Language (HTML) files. the tables in the printed report or the Portable Document Format (PDF) files; 1951-1954, 1956-1959, 1961-1964, 1966-1969, and 1971-1974) are not shown on (EIA) primary report of annual historical energy statistics. For many series, data consumption, trade, and energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, Energy Organization Act), Publication of this report is required under Public Law 95–91 (Department of cators; and data unit conversions. begin with the year 1949. Included are statistics on total energy production, electricity, nuclear energy, given to the EIA under Section 205(a)(2), which states: include updates to many of the annual series in this report. Energy Review that offer updates to the most recent may wish to use the data in this report in conjunction with EIA’s monthly releases Monthly Data: many cases. revised next year, and revisions to much of the 2010 data, which are now final in new year of data (usually 2011), which are often preliminary and likely to be

3 DOE/EIA-0384(2011) ing those of the Department of United States Government. The EIA’s data, analyses, and forecasts rmation Administration (EIA), the statistical and her officer or employee of the Washington, DC 20585 Office of Energy Statistics U.S. Department of Energy epartment of Energy. By law, should not be construed as represent September 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration Energy or other Federal agencies. views in this report therefore are independent of approval by any ot This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Info analytical agency within the U.S. D Annual Energy Review 2011

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5 iii ed Energy 202-586-5356 202-586-8952 202-287-6318 202-586-6254 202-586-1085 202-586-2627 202-586-7120 202-586-5543 202-586-1719 202-586-3139 202-586-5847 202-586-1868 202-586-2970 202-287-6326 202-586-5828 202-586-5828 202-586-5828 202-586-1134 202-586-0934 t the AER may be referred to Ryan ect specialists: [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] ffice of Survey Development and Statistical Integration, Integrat arlana Anderson yan Repice yan Repice yan Repice Contacts Paulette Young Michael Mobilia Steven G. Grape Channele Wirman Amy Sweeney Doug Bonnar Nicholas Paduano Jennifer Barrick Christopher R. Namovicz Gwendolyn Bredehoeft Perry Lindstrom Natalie Ko Robert Adler Joelle Michaels James Berry ... 202-586-5737 ([email protected]). Questions and comments abou ... U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... ... R ... ... ... ) is prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, O ... ... ...R AER ... ( ... R ... ... ... ... ... M ... ... Renewable Energy Prices Coal Uranium Petroleum and Natural Gas Greenhouse Gases Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Environmental Equipment Residential Energy Consumption Survey Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Annual Energy Review 5. Petroleum and Other Liquids 8. Electricity 7. Coal 9. Nuclear Energy 6. Natural Gas 1. Energy Overview 2. Energy Consumption by Sector 4. Energy Resources 3. Financial Indicators 10. Renewable Energy 11. Environment The Statistics Team, under the direction of Barbara T. Fichman, Repice, 202-586-5828 ([email protected]), the Office of Communications, 202-586-8800 ([email protected]), or the following subj

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7 v may be obtained by contacting the s but also covers trade statistics. For integrated summary statistics, such as the ergy Organization Act, Public Law 95-91. readers may contact any of the subject keeping with responsibilities given EIA in Annual Energy Review 2011 U.S. Government Printing Office or EIA’s Office of Communications, as listed on the inside front cover of this report. The information in this report is also available electronically at http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/. Printed copies of the specialists listed as contacts on the preceding page. Section 205(a)(2) of the Department of En regarding its energy statistics. To make a suggestion or to obtain specific informa- tion regarding the contents of the AER, energy analysts, and the general public. EIA welcomes suggestions from readers The report is intended for use by Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, Section 5, “Petroleum,” in order to give a complete picture of petroleum statistics. allows different fuels to be compared and Publication of the AER each year is in Sections 1 and 2, however, are expressed in British thermal units (Btu), which example, statistics on petroleum imports by country of origin have been included in The AER emphasizes domestic energy statistic U.S. consumption of primary energy, to be calculated. Preface (MER), and it U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (AER) presents the U.S. Energy Monthly Energy Review r time span. Numerous additional series 2011, are more likely than statistics for ries are available because EIA’s surveys, ovide more extensive coverage of annual information becomes available. The latest tics and, because the coverage spans six in the AER are expressed in physical units, e, is the recommended source for the most recent statis- Annual Energy Review The AER is a companion report to EIA’s decades, the statistics in this report are well-suited to long-term trend analysis. EIA’s historical record of energy statis consuming sectors of the U.S. economy from 1949 through 2011. The AER is trade, stocks, and prices cover all major energy commodities and all energy- statistics. The summary statistics on the Nation’s energy production, consumption, Information Administration’s (EIA) most comprehensive look at integrated energy are included in the AER. The additional se For the most part, fuel-specific statistics covers most MER series over a much longe tics for many of the series reported in the AER. such as barrels, cubic feet, short tons, and kilowatthours. Summary statistics in edition of the MER, therefor earlier years to be revised by EIA as new AER statistics for recent years, particularly statistics than of monthly statistics. on which both reports are largely based, pr This thirtieth edition of the

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9 vii Page ...333 ... 341 ... 339 Contents ... 343 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... 321 ... 337 ... 35 ... 115 ... 177 ...219 ...117 ...67 ... 3 ... 277 ... 87 ... 1 ... 197 ... 269 ... 301 ... 175 ... 217 ...195 ... 349 Natural Gas Flow, 2011 Energy Flow, 2011 Petroleum Flow, 2011 Coal Flow, 2011 Electricity Flow, 2011 1. Energy Overview 2. Energy Consumption by Sector 3. Financial Indicators 6. Natural Gas 5. Petroleum and Other Liquids 4. Energy Resources 8. Electricity 7. Coal 9. Nuclear Energy F. Alternatives for Estimating Energy Consumptions E. Estimated Primary Energy Consumption in the United States, 1635-1945 C. U.S. Census Regions and Divisions B. Metric Conversion Factors, Metric Prefixes, and Other Physical Conversion Factors D. Population, U.S. Gross Domestic Product, and Implicit Price Deflator A. British Thermal Unit Conversion Factors 10. Renewable Energy 11. Environment Flow Diagrams Glossary Sections Appendices

10 Page ...53 ... 13 ... 63 ... 49 ... 29 ... 31 ... 55 ... 59 ...61 ...44 ...51 ...42 ... 9 ... 41 ... 43 ... 79 ... 25 ... 27 ... 15 ... 57 ... 45 ... 23 ... 21 ... 40 ... 75 ... 77 ... 7 ... 65 ... 11 ... 19 ... 73 ... 17 ... 71 ... 47 ... 69 ...5 ... 33 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Energy Consumption Estimates by Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Residential Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels, 1980-2011 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Transportation Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 1970-2010 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970-2010 Value of Fossil Fuel Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Fossil Fuel Production Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Heating Degree-Days by Census Division, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Cooling Degree-Days by Month, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Heating Degree-Days by Month, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Primary Energy Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Primary Energy Consumption Estimates by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Primary Energy Trade by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 1970-2010 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditure Indicators, Selected Years, 1979-2003 Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and American Indian Lands, Fiscal Years, 2003-2011 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Source, Fiscal Years 1975-2011 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency and Source, Fiscal Years 2003, 2010, and 2011 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency, Fiscal Years 1975-2011 State-Level Energy Consumption, Expenditure, and Price Estimates, 2010 Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Emissions Indicators Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Primary Energy Production by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 Commercial Buildings Electricity Consumption by End Use, 2003 Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures by End Use and Energy Source, Selected Years, 1978- 2005 Type of Heating in Occupied Housing Units, Selected Years, 1950-2009 Household Energy Consumption by Census Region, Selected Years, 1978-2005 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by End Use, 2006 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and Electronics, Selected Years, 1978-2009 Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source, Selected Years, 1979-2003 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970-2010 3.4 2.6 2.1f 3.3 2.7 2.1c 2.2 2.8 3.5 2.1a 2.9 2.3 2.1d 2.10 2.1e 2.4 2.11 3.6 3.2 2.5 3.1 2.1b 1.9 1.8 1.14 1.13 1.12 1.11 1.10 1.15 1.6 1.7 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 3. Financial Indicators 2. Energy Consumption by Sector Tables viii 1. Energy Overview

11 ix Page ...153 ... 151 ...146 ... 152 ... 93 ...97 ... 149 ... 148 ... 91 ... 123 ... 147 ...135 ... 95 ... 89 ... 105 ... 157 ... 101 ... 99 ... 143 ... 131 ... 133 ... 127 ... 120 ... 141 ...139 ... 137 ... 85 ... 155 ... 83 ... 81 ... 129 ... 125 ... 103 ... 121 ... 159 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... 107 Continued Technically Recoverable Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Estimates, 2009 Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Petroleum Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Uranium Reserves, 2008 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, 1977-2010 Petroleum and Other Liquids Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Petroleum Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Petroleum Exports by Type, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Refinery Capacity and Utilization, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Petroleum Imports by Type, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Crude Oil Production and Crude Oil Well Productivity, Selected Years, 1954-2011 Petroleum Primary Stocks by Type, Selected Years, End of Year 1949-2011 Strategic Petroleum Reserve, 1977-2011 Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Petroleum Products Supplied by Type, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs and Net Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Uranium Exploration and Development Drilling, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Development Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Value of Fossil Fuel Exports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory and Development Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Rotary Rigs in Operation, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Value of Fossil Fuel Imports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 3.7 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.9 3.8 4.6 4.10 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.1 3.9 5.1a 5.6 5.9 5.13a Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Residential and Commercial Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 5.3 5.2 5.10 5.7 5.5 5.11 5.4 5.8 5.1b 5.12 Heat Content of Petroleum Products Supplied, Selected Years, 1949-2011 5.13b Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 5.14b Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 5.14c Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Transportation and Electric Power Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011. . 5.15 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales, Selected Years, 1984-2010 5.16 5.17 5.13d Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 5.13c Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Transportation Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 5.14a Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Residential and Commercial Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 3. Financial Indicators— Tables 4. Energy Resources 5. Petroleum and Other Liquids

12 Page ... 231 ... 235 ... 234 ... 233 ... 230 ... 185 ... 229 ... 226 ... 227 Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 ...173 ... 169 ... 161 ... 191 ... 225 ... 189 ... 224 ... 183 ... 163 ... 171 ... 207 ... 165 ... 187 ... 209 ...203 ...193 ... 211 ... 181 ... 179 ... 221 ... 167 ... 205 ...201 ... 213 ...199 ...215 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Continued Natural Gas Underground Storage, Selected Years, End of Year 1954-2011 Electricity Net Generation: Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, Selected Years, 1989-2011 Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Commercial and Industrial Coal Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Coal Consumption by Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Refiner Sales Prices and Refiner Margins for Selected Petroleum Products, 1995-2011 Coal Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Natural Gas Prices by Sector, Selected Years, 1967-2011 Natural Gas Consumption by Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 All Sellers Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 1994-2010 Natural Gas Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011. . . Natural Gas Imports, Exports, and Net Imports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Crude Oil Domestic First Purchase Prices, Selected Years, End of Year 1949-2011 Coal Imports by Country of Origin, 2000-2011 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 Natural Gas Wellhead, Citygate, and Imports Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Natural Gas Well Productivity, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Natural Gas Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Crude Oil Refiner Acquisition Costs, 1968-2011 Coke Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Coal Mining Productivity, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Coal Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Value of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 Coal Stocks by Sector, Selected Years, End of Year 1949-2011 Coal Exports by Country of Destination, Selected Years, 1960-2011 8.4c 8.2a Electricity Net Generation: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 8.2c 8.2b Electricity Net Generation: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 8.1 Electricity Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 7.8 7.3 7.2 6.1 7.6 5.18 6.3 7.7 6.5 6.7 7.4 5.24 6.8 8.2d Electricity Net Generation: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 5.23 8.3a 6.4 7.9 8.3b Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Electric Power Sector, 1989-2011 5.22 8.3c 7.5 5.19 5.20 7.1 5.21 8.4b 6.2 8.4a 6.6 7. Coal 8. Electricity Tables x 5. Petroleum and Other Liquids— 6. Natural Gas

13 xi Page ... 240 ... 241 ... 248 2011 ... 247 ... 239 ... 238 ... 279 ... 283 Power Sector, 1989-2011 ... 282 ... 260 ...261 ... 251 ... 291 ...264 Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 ... 265 ... 285 ... 259 ... 258 ... 293 ... 267 ... 245 ... 249 ... 255 ... 253 ... 275 ... 273 ... 271 ... 287 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... 244 ...243 ...289 Renewable Energy Consumption: Residential and Commercial Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Nuclear Generating Units, 1955-2011 Renewable Energy Consumption: Industrial and Transportation Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Renewable Energy Production and Consumption by Primary Energy Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Average Retail Prices of Electricity, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Uranium Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Nuclear Power Plant Operations, 1957-2011 Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 Stocks of Coal and Petroleum: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, End of Year 1949-2011 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010 Renewable Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Electricity End Use, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, Selected Years, 1989- Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 Estimated Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 Electric Power Sector, 1989-2011 Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 Fuel Ethanol Overview, 1981-2011 Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Type, Price, and Trade, 1974-2009 Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Electric Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Biodiesel Overview, 2001-2011 Estimated Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Electric Utility Demand-Side Management Programs, 1989-2010 Continued 8.6b 8.7c 9.2 9.1 8.6a 9.3 8.6c Estimated Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: 8.12a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period, 1986-2011 8.7a 8.8 8.13 8.12b Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin, Winter Peak Period, 1986-2011 8.11d Electric Net Summer Capacity: Commercial and Industrial Sectors , Selected Years, 1989-2011 8.5d Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Commercial and Industrial 8.9 8.11c Electric Net Summer Capacity: Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, Selected Years, 1989-2011 8.11b Electric Net Summer Capacity: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 8.10 8.7b 8.11a Electric Net Summer Capacity: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 8.5b 8.5a 8.5c 10.1 10.2b 10.2a 10.4 10.2c 10.3 10.5 10.6 9. Nuclear Energy 10. Renewable Energy Tables 8. Electricity—

14 Page ... 316 ... 315 ... 319 ... 323 ... 309 ... 308 ... 306 ... 305 ... 322 ... 307 ...326 ... 339 ... 303 ... 341 ... 295 ... 297 ... 325 ... 299 ... 324 ... 321 ... 317 ... 313 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... 335 ... 311 ... 334 ... 335 Continued Estimated Primary Energy Consumption in the United States, Selected Years, 1635-1945 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Type, Trade, and Prices, 1982-2010 Other Physical Conversion Factors Metric Conversion Factors Metric Prefixes Approximate Heat Content of Coal and Coal Coke, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Approximate Heat Content of Natural Gas, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Approximate Heat Rates for Electricity, and Heat Content of Electricity, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Production, Imports, and Exports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Sector and End Use, 1989-2010 Commercial and Industrial Sectors, 1989-2010 Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption and Biofuels Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Products Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Market Sector, End Use, and Type, 2001-2009 Population, U.S. Gross Domestic Product, and Implicit Price Deflator, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Methane Emissions, 1980-2009 Nitrous Oxide Emissions, 1980-2009 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Residential Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Installed Nameplate Capacity of Fossil-Fuel Steam-Electric Generators With Environmental Equipment, 1985-2010 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Electric Power Sector, 1989-2010. . Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Commercial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Total (All Sectors), 1989-2010 Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 11.6 11.5b 11.5a 11.5c 11.3 11.4 11.2e 11.2d 11.2c 11.2b 11.2a 11.1 10.8 10.9 10.7 E1. B3. B2. B1. D1. A6. A5. A3. A4. A2. A1. Appendix E. Estimated Energy Consumption in the United States, 1635-1945 Appendix D. Population, U.S. Gross Domestic Product, and Implict Price Deflator Appendix B. Metric Conversion Factors, Metric Prefixes, and Other Physical Conversion Factors Appendix A. British Thermal Unit Conversion Factors 11. Environment Tables xii 10. Renewable Energy—

15 xiii Page ...348 ... 345 ... 348 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Conversion Efficiencies of Noncombustible Renewable Energy Sources Energy Consumption by Sector, 2010 Noncombustible Renewable Primary Energy Consumption by Energy Source, 2010 F2. F1. F3. Tables Appendix F. Alternatives for Estimating Energy Consumption

16 Page ... 62 ... 28 ...14 ... 48 ... 26 ...30 ... 78 ... 64 ...74 ... 54 ... 58 ... 39 ... 56 ... 12 ... 46 ... 37 ... 76 ... 60 ... 70 ...38 ... 52 ...24 ...8 ...72 ... 10 ... 18 ... 16 ...22 ... 20 ... 6 ...32 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ...50 ... 68 ... 82 ... 80 ... 4 ... 3 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency and Source, Fiscal Years 2003, 2010, and 2011 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 2010 Energy Consumption Estimates by Sector Overview Cooling Degree-Days by Month, 1949-2011 Primary Energy Trade by Source, 1949-2011 Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector, 2011 State-Level Energy Consumption Estimates and Estimated Consumption per Capita, 2010 Heating Degree-Days by Month, 1949-2011 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 2010 Energy Consumption and Expenditures Indicators Estimates Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Source, Fiscal Years 1975-2011 Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and American Indian Lands Energy Consumption Estimates by End-Use Sector, 1949-2011 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division Value of Fossil Fuel Production, Imports, and Exports Heating Degree-Days by Census Division Fossil Fuel Production Prices Commercial Buildings Electricity Consumption by End Use, 2003 Primary Energy Consumption Estimates by Source Primary Energy Overview Energy Flow, 2011 Primary Energy Production by Source Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditure Indicators, Selected Years, 1979-2003 Value of Fossil Fuel Imports Value of Fossil Fuel Exports Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by Source Household Energy Consumption Manufacturing Energy Consumption for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation, 2006 Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and Electronics Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy Type of Heating in Occupied Housing Units, 1950 and 2009 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4 1.5 3.3 2.4 1.12 2.0 2.11 2.5 1.6 1.4 3.1 2.1a 1.13 3.2 1.10 2.1b 1.8 1.14 2.2 1.11 1.15 2.3 1.7 1.9 2.6 1.3 1.0 1.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.10 1.2 2. Energy Consumption by Sector 3. Financial Indicators Figures xiv 1. Energy Overview

17 xv Page ... 150 ... 90 ... 88 ... 145 ... 122 ... 92 ... 134 ... 96 ... 100 ... 98 ... 132 ... 94 ... 102 ... 104 ...136 ... 142 ... 130 ... 84 ...144 ... 154 ... 126 ...118 ... 140 ... 138 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... 108 ... 109 ... 128 ... 124 ... 111 ... 110 ... 106 ... 112 ... 117 ...119 ...113 Continued Technically Recoverable Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Estimates, 2009 Photovoltaic Solar Resources Petroleum Flow, 2011 Uranium Reserves, 2008 Petroleum and Other Liquids Overview Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs and Net Production, 1949-2011 Refinery Capacity and Utilization, 1949-2011 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales, 1984-2010 Onshore Wind Resources Biomass Resources Offshore Wind Resources Crude Oil and Natural Gas Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, 1977-2010 Petroleum Overview Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Crude Oil Production and Crude Oil Well Productivity, 1954-2011 Petroleum Exports by Type Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination Petroleum Imports by Type Petroleum Imports by Country of Origin Geothermal Resources Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011 Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports, 1949-2011 Concentrating Solar Resources Crude Oil and Natural Gas Rotary Rigs in Operation Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory Wells, 1949-2010 Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves Uranium Exploration and Development Drilling Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory and Development Wells Crude Oil and Natural Gas Development Wells, 1949-2010 4.1 3.9 4.11 4.16 4.15 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.13 4.5 4.2 4.12 4.10 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.14 5.1a 5.1b 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.12 Heat Content of Petroleum Products Supplied 5.10 5.13a Petroleum Consumption Estimates by Sector 5.8 5.4 5.11 Petroleum Products Supplied by Type 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.13b Petroleum Consumption Estimates by Product by Sector, 1949-2011 5.15 5.14 Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates by Product by Sector, 1949-2011 4. Energy Resources 3. Financial Indicators— Figures 5. Petroleum and Other Liquids

18 Page ... 236 ... 184 ... 168 ... 170 ... 162 ... 228 ... 172 ... 190 ... 166 ... 156 ... 188 ... 182 ... 222 ... 160 ... 158 ... 206 ...232 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... 223 ... 186 ... 204 ... 202 ... 192 ... 200 ... 164 ... 210 ... 208 ... 177 ... 180 ... 178 ... 219 ...220 Continued ... 197 ...212 ... 198 ... 214 Refiner Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 1995-2011 Electricity Flow, 2011 Strategic Petroleum Reserve, 1977-2011 Natural Gas Flow, 2011 Electricity Net Generation, Total (All Sectors) Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation (All Sectors), 1989-2011 Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Natural Gas Well Productivity, 1960-2011 Coal Production, 1949-2011 Petroleum Primary Stocks by Type, End of Year Crude Oil Domestic First Purchase Prices Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices Natural Gas Consumption by Sector Natural Gas Production Natural Gas Overview All Sellers Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 2010 Natural Gas Imports, Exports, and Net Imports Coal Consumption by Sector Coal Imports by Country of Origin Natural Gas Prices by Sector Natural Gas Wellhead, Citygate, and Imports Prices Natural Gas Underground Storage, End of Year Electricity Overview Electricity Net Generation by Sector Coal Overview Consumption for Electricity Generation Coal Prices Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants Coal Flow, 2011 Value of Crude Oil Imports Crude Oil Refiner Acquisition Costs, 1968-2011 Coke Overview Coal Stocks, End of Year Coal Mining Productivity Coal Exports by Country of Destination 5.16 5.17 5.18 6.2 6.0 5.22 5.19 5.20 5.24 5.21 6.3 6.1 6.5 5.23 6.8 7.0 7.4 6.6 7.8 8.5a 8.2a 7.5 6.4 6.7 7.6 7.3 7.7 8.1 8.0 7.2 7.1 8.3 8.2b 8.4 7.9 5. Petroleum and Other Liquids— xvi Figures 6. Natural Gas 7. Coal 8. Electricity

19 xvii Page ... 242 ...318 ... 246 ... 314 ... 290 ... 294 ... 262 ... 281 ... 237 ... 263 ... 304 ... 298 ... 250 ... 280 ... 292 ... 296 ... 284 ... 302 ... 266 ... 256 ... 278 ... 257 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... 337 ... 254 ... 272 ... 270 ... 312 ...286 ... 288 ...310 ...252 ... 274 Continued U.S. Shipment of Photovoltaic Modules Only by Sector and End Use, 2010 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments, Trade, and Prices Renewable Energy Consumption: End-Use Sectors, 1989-2011 Solar Thermal Collector Domestic Shipments by Market Sector, End Use, and Type, 2009 Renewable Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector Renewable Energy Consumption by Major Source Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation by Sector, 2011 Nuclear Generating Units Nuclear Power Plant Operations Uranium Overview Estimated Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants by Sector, 1989-2011. Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output, 1989-2011 Fuel Ethanol Overview Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Type, Price, and Trade Renewable Energy Consumption: End-Use Sectors and Electric Power Sector Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Alternative Fuel Consumption Biodiesel Overview U.S. Census Regions and Divisions Electricity End Use Average Retail Prices of Electricity Electric Utility Demand-Side Management Programs Stocks of Coal and Petroleum: Electric Power Sector, End of Year Methane Emissions Nitrous Oxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption by Sector, 1949-2011 Installed Nameplate Capacity of Fossil-Fuel Steam-Electric Generators With Environmental Equipment Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption 8.9 8.11a Electric Net Summer Capacity, Total (All Sectors) 8.8 8.10 8.11b Electric Net Summer Capacity by Sector 9.1 8.13 8.5b 8.12b Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Winter Peak Period 8.7 9.2 8.6 9.3 8.12a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period 10.1 10.2a 10.7 11.3 10.9 10.8 11.4 10.2c 10.6 11.5 10.4 10.3 11.6 11.2 10.2b 10.5 11.1 C1. Figures 9. Nuclear Energy 10. Renewable Energy 8. Electricity— Appendix C. U.S. Census Regions and Division 11. Environment

20 Page ...347 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Primary Energy Consumption and Delivered Total Energy, 2010 F1. Appendix F. Alternatives for Estimating Energy Consumption Figures xviii

21 1. Energy Overview

22 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

23 r 3 primary energy consumption, electricity retail ity retail sales. See Note, “Electrical Systems Losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in are derived from source data prior to rounding fo Includes 0.13 quadrillion Btu of electricity net imports. Total energy consumption, which is the sum of Includes 0.01 quadrillion Btu of coal coke net imports. Notes: • Data are preliminary. • Values Sources: Tables 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, and 2.1a. 10 9 11 proportion to each sector’s share of total electric Energy Losses,” at end of Section 2. sales, and electrical system energy losses. publication. • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (Quadrillion Btu) Adjustments, losses, and unaccounted for. Natural gas only; excludes supplemental gaseous fuels. Natural gas, coal, coal coke, biofuels, and electricity. Petroleum products, including natural gas plant liquids, and crude oil burned as fuel. Crude oil and petroleum products. Includes imports into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Natural gas plant liquids. Includes lease condensate. Conventional hydroelectric power, biomass, geothermal, solar/photovoltaic, and wind. 5 1 6 3 7 8 4 2 Figure 1.0 Energy Flow, 2011

24 97 Nuclear Renewable Fossil Fuels Consumption 78 Nuclear Renewable Production Fossil Fuels 0 30 60 90 120 Quadrillion Btu Source: Table 1.1. Production and Consumption, 2011 Energy Flow, 2011 (Quadrillion Btu) 2010 Exports Imports Production Consumption 2000 97 Consumption 1990 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 10 Exports 1980 1970 29 Imports 1960 78 Production 1950 0 0 30 60 90 90 60 30 120 120 Adjustments, losses, and unaccounted for. Quadrillion Btu 1 Quadrillion Btu Overview, 2011 4 Overview, 1949-2011 Figure 1.1 Primary Energy Overview

25 5 s d in in m 10 76.632 79.950 79.054 75.975 94.022 76.106 73.099 84.786 94.602 72.971 76.647 91.029 87.424 84.485 95.018 96.652 76.392 82.709 97.978 80.859 89.091 71.965 84.438 96.168 78.067 77.961 34.616 97.301 45.086 67.838 54.015 31.982 40.208 85.783 94.559 99.275 97.645 98.814 99.629 97.722 Total R R R R R R 100.162 101.296 100.282 R R R 4 7.014 4.727 6.083 6.496 5.622 5.005 6.438 6.041 6.493 5.414 7.016 5.980 6.516 6.111 6.235 6.084 6.560 5.123 6.069 4.209 5.983 4.687 5.428 5.163 5.457 5.988 2.978 9.135 2.928 3.396 4.070 2.974 2.784 5.821 6.106 7.600 8.090 7.186 6.649 6.523 6.242 5.729 6.082 R R R R R Energy Renewable 3 Consumption .000 .006 .043 .000 .239 3.024 4.380 2.111 3.553 7.087 7.075 3.008 7.068 4.076 5.602 6.597 7.610 6.104 4.754 6.410 3.203 3.131 2.702 6.694 2.776 2.739 7.959 6.422 8.029 5.587 1.900 8.259 0.000 6.479 7.862 8.215 8.222 8.455 8.145 8.356 8.161 8.427 8.434 R Electric Nuclear Power 9 Fossil 63.152 69.107 79.785 68.521 66.093 81.369 72.911 67.571 66.506 82.427 74.836 71.854 63.888 72.332 66.033 77.259 80.873 70.991 71.880 71.557 84.014 76.256 72.891 65.357 82.902 69.828 79.779 29.002 31.632 73.396 37.410 42.137 50.577 63.522 84.731 86.211 84.702 83.549 81.109 85.819 78.488 85.794 83.699 Fuels R R R R R R R R 8 .798 .931 .037 .861 .882 .974 .231 .702 .864 .705 -.175 -.284 -.140 -.549 -.723 -.339 -.074 -.892 -.257 -.722 -.427 -.444 -.959 -.839 and R R R R 2.094 1.361 2.468 1.110 1.373 1.429 2.105 0.403 1.392 1.190 2.515 1.273 R R -1.953 -1.946 -1.210 -1.065 -1.650 -1.372 -1.367 Stock R R R Other Change 1 .448 .504 7.253 8.685 7.584 9.412 8.059 2.710 4.063 5.709 Total -0.144 12.101 14.588 16.605 18.329 27.007 11.586 12.929 17.186 14.105 17.896 13.194 17.014 14.065 10.130 20.701 19.069 24.967 26.386 29.110 23.537 22.281 17.750 11.709 18.232 25.739 29.221 22.741 14.435 30.149 25.932 29.806 21.643 R See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary for updated monthly an • Net Imports See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all annual data beginning • See "Primary Energy," "Primary Energy Production," and "Primary Energy Consumption" Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. 7 • • 2.855 5.141 4.633 4.061 4.258 4.661 2.052 4.608 4.511 4.434 4.006 4.752 3.812 2.323 4.307 4.196 3.693 1.920 2.172 3.771 4.366 3.715 4.299 4.514 3.786 4.021 4.054 3.695 1.592 1.465 7.060 3.669 4.560 5.482 6.965 4.937 4.872 2.632 2.286 1.477 1.829 8.234 R Coal, coal coke net imports, natural gas, and petroleum. For petroleum, product supplied is used a Also includes electricity net imports. 10.356 Total 9 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Notes: Sources: Tables 1.2, 1.3, and 1.4. Web Pages: 10 annual data. Glossary. Consumption," at end of Section 5. an approximation of petroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleu 1949. Exports .786 2.787 2.772 2.093 1.879 2.248 1.528 2.637 1.597 2.438 1.117 1.442 1.078 2.193 2.854 2.151 2.318 2.045 1.525 1.753 1.962 1.265 2.092 1.253 2.421 2.368 2.944 2.499 1.761 2.751 0.877 1.507 2.682 1.273 1.264 1.032 2.071 1.515 1.465 1.936 1.376 1.023 2.101 Coal Trade 6 1.448 4.188 5.892 8.342 2.790 1.913 30.157 18.335 11.861 21.273 26.581 33.544 19.460 12.471 25.215 15.398 11.781 13.719 18.766 22.260 23.702 19.948 28.973 11.752 27.252 22.390 17.296 31.061 16.760 15.796 14.032 14.151 18.817 19.106 28.587 29.706 34.709 29.408 34.679 32.992 34.703 19.372 29.877 Total R 5 Imports 1.427 3.999 5.402 1.886 7.470 2.752 17.824 15.672 15.747 20.284 12.639 22.908 17.162 28.197 12.948 19.243 10.777 18.756 24.531 26.219 17.933 10.647 23.133 17.117 18.510 21.740 11.433 16.348 10.609 18.881 25.398 13.201 14.162 14.658 24.491 29.248 29.169 24.674 28.781 27.685 25.082 16.968 25.371 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 R Petroleum Total 68.315 68.840 72.486 65.904 67.175 67.698 71.332 71.174 72.876 62.012 70.726 31.722 71.735 63.104 64.114 71.742 67.066 67.542 70.188 61.320 66.569 68.919 69.320 72.472 70.362 66.951 61.561 70.705 70.040 78.096 40.148 63.495 35.540 42.803 50.674 69.956 71.373 70.716 72.657 74.806 69.428 73.111 70.782 R R R R R R R R 4 5.414 5.980 7.012 6.517 5.457 5.428 5.988 6.070 2.974 7.018 6.494 5.622 4.687 6.496 5.164 6.111 4.209 6.069 6.229 6.104 6.083 5.005 6.041 5.123 6.084 4.727 5.982 6.558 6.438 5.821 6.235 9.236 5.734 2.928 3.396 2.978 4.070 2.784 7.616 7.202 6.599 6.509 8.136 R R R R R Energy Renewable 3 Production .006 .000 .000 .043 .239 6.479 1.900 4.380 5.602 3.203 6.422 8.161 8.029 7.862 3.131 2.111 5.587 7.610 6.597 7.068 6.104 2.702 4.076 3.024 6.410 7.959 6.694 3.008 3.553 8.427 4.754 8.215 2.739 0.000 2.776 7.087 7.075 8.222 8.356 8.455 8.145 8.259 8.434 R Electric Nuclear Power 2 Fossil 39.869 55.822 57.539 57.875 56.099 59.186 32.563 57.366 58.849 57.540 57.167 58.529 54.733 55.968 58.387 58.541 57.614 59.008 57.872 57.483 56.575 57.655 47.235 55.101 55.038 57.482 54.416 58.857 37.364 59.314 58.044 58.006 58.560 57.458 54.723 55.895 28.748 55.074 60.601 56.409 56.837 58.235 56.685 Fuels R R R R P Calculated as consumption and exports minus production and imports. Includes petroleum stock See Tables 10.1–10.2c for notes on series components and estimation; and see Note, "Renewable Coal, natural gas (dry), crude oil, and natural gas plant liquids. Also includes natural gas, petroleum, coal coke, biodiesel, and electricity. Crude oil and petroleum products. Includes imports into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Also includes natural gas, coal, coal coke, fuel ethanol, biodiesel, and electricity. Nuclear electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the nuclear heat rate—see Table A6). Net imports equal imports minus exports. A minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports. 7 5 1 4 6 3 2 8 able 1.1 Primary Energy Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 nergy Production and Consumption," at end of Section 10. Year 991 010 009 979 984 980 985 998 986 005 981 978 987 008 970 007 988 004 999 997 965 982 989 976 003 996 960 000 990 983 011 995 006 975 977 949 992 994 001 955 950 002 993 hange and adjustments; natural gas net storage withdrawals and balancing item; coal stock change, (Quadrillion Btu) osses, and unaccounted for; fuel ethanol stock change; and biodiesel stock change and balancing item. 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 E 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 c 1 l 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 T 2

26 2010 3 Coal Crude Oil¹ Biomass 4 2 NGPL Natural Gas 2000 Nuclear Electric Power Hydroelectric Power 1990 Other Renewable Energy 1980 1970 1960 1950 5 0 25 15 20 10 Geothermal, solar/photovoltaic, and wind. Source: Table 1.2. 4 Quadrillion Btu By Source, 1949-2011 4 2 Energy Other 2010 Renewable 3 Fossil Fuels NGPL³ 2000 Renewable Energy 3 Nuclear Electric Power Hydro- Power² electric U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 5 Biomass 1980 8 Power Electric 12 1970 Crude Oil¹ Nuclear 22 Coal 1960 24 Gas Natural 1950 0 5 0 75 50 25 30 15 20 10 25 Includes lease condensate. Conventional hydroelectric power. Natural gas plant liquids. 2 1 3 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu By Source Category, 1949-2011 6 By Source, 2011 Figure 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source

27 7 d ts in el Total 71.332 73.111 70.716 69.956 72.657 74.806 69.428 71.373 70.782 72.876 70.362 70.040 70.726 71.742 72.486 70.705 70.188 72.472 68.315 71.174 42.803 35.540 31.722 40.148 78.096 69.320 71.735 67.066 67.698 67.542 68.840 64.114 68.919 50.674 67.175 65.904 61.320 66.951 66.569 63.495 63.104 62.012 61.561 R R R R R R R R 6.104 5.734 6.041 6.517 6.070 7.012 5.982 5.988 6.083 6.229 6.558 6.069 7.018 5.821 6.494 2.928 2.784 2.974 2.978 9.236 6.235 5.164 7.616 7.202 8.136 6.599 6.509 6.496 5.457 6.438 6.084 5.622 6.111 5.428 4.070 5.005 5.414 4.687 3.396 4.209 5.980 5.123 4.727 Total R R R R R 10 3.006 2.705 3.099 2.735 2.908 3.028 2.998 3.108 2.782 3.104 2.932 2.929 3.155 2.965 2.805 1.320 1.562 1.549 1.424 4.511 2.624 3.159 3.864 3.216 3.928 3.461 4.341 2.904 3.016 3.016 2.875 2.932 2.971 2.152 1.838 2.596 1.713 1.335 2.476 2.038 1.499 2.663 1.431 Totals may not equal sum of componen • R R R R R Biomass 9 1 .341 .721 .105 .057 .031 .034 .030 .033 .036 .546 .115 .031 .031 .033 .142 .029 .264 .046 .178 .923 .022 .070 R 1.168 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Wind 8 .063 .098 .076 .066 .126 .069 .070 .068 .062 .070 .068 .089 .059 .063 .063 .069 .064 .062 .066 .068 .158 .055 .064 R R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Renewable Energy Solar/PV 7 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary for updated monthly an • .208 .186 .171 .200 .152 .037 .171 .031 .051 .186 .106 .171 .081 .006 .179 .173 .163 .108 .175 .059 .168 .038 .178 .192 .112 .164 .064 .097 .053 .002 .178 .181 .034 .040 .181 .167 .162 .226 .164 R (s) See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all annual data beginning NA NA NA • See "Primary Energy Production" in Glossary. Geothermal • Wood and wood-derived fuels, biomass waste, and total biomass inputs to the production of fu Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). 6 9 Web Pages: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.0005 quadrillion Btu. Notes: Sources: Tables 5.1, 6.1, 7.1, 8.2a, 10.1, A2, A4, A5, and A6. 10 ethanol and biodiesel. annual data. 1949. due to independent rounding. heat rate—see Table A6), and solar thermal direct use energy. 2.446 2.689 2.669 2.539 2.511 3.297 2.825 3.640 1.415 3.266 2.869 3.071 2.758 3.205 2.970 1.360 3.046 2.683 2.900 2.690 1.608 3.386 2.931 2.937 3.016 2.635 2.333 2.976 2.811 2.617 2.334 2.703 3.527 3.155 2.634 2.059 3.590 3.268 2.892 1.425 2.837 3.171 2.242 R Hydro- electric Power 5 .006 .000 .043 .239 .000 8.434 8.455 8.356 8.145 8.222 1.900 2.739 3.553 8.161 3.131 6.410 8.215 2.776 7.862 3.024 6.422 4.076 8.427 7.610 7.959 3.008 4.754 6.694 4.380 7.087 2.111 6.479 6.597 6.104 0.000 3.203 7.068 5.587 7.075 2.702 8.259 5.602 8.029 R Electric Nuclear Power Total 56.409 56.685 58.235 56.837 57.539 54.723 58.044 58.006 56.099 39.869 58.560 57.872 37.364 58.849 57.458 54.733 55.074 57.482 59.186 59.314 55.038 57.540 56.575 55.822 32.563 54.416 59.008 55.101 28.748 55.968 57.875 57.167 57.366 58.529 57.655 57.614 58.387 47.235 55.895 58.857 60.601 58.541 57.483 R R R R U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 .823 2.306 2.530 2.327 2.442 2.286 2.420 2.254 2.149 2.346 2.391 2.466 1.883 2.215 2.528 2.245 2.408 2.307 2.241 2.363 0.714 2.327 2.611 2.191 2.495 2.419 2.356 2.260 2.374 1.461 2.175 2.184 2.274 2.334 1.240 2.512 2.158 2.547 2.928 2.574 2.409 2.559 2.781 R NGPL 3 Oil Crude 11.593 10.801 10.509 14.494 18.104 15.571 18.392 16.521 17.729 10.683 18.848 13.723 14.103 10.963 17.454 12.358 18.249 18.992 14.935 15.223 18.309 17.279 13.235 18.146 13.658 15.701 17.262 11.447 12.026 12.451 17.675 11.503 18.434 20.401 14.410 18.376 13.887 11.986 10.721 11.348 12.163 16.117 12.282 R Fossil Fuels Gas 9.345 5.377 6.233 (Dry) 19.344 18.556 19.485 20.076 19.633 18.008 19.640 15.775 16.541 18.326 16.593 17.599 19.480 19.022 12.656 16.980 18.229 21.666 18.375 18.319 19.662 19.074 18.584 19.341 19.394 20.703 19.565 19.908 19.613 19.082 17.136 19.348 19.699 19.786 21.823 21.139 20.166 23.506 19.382 17.847 Natural R R R R 2 Coal 22.130 14.607 22.094 18.639 19.325 10.817 22.732 20.336 24.045 18.377 14.989 23.185 21.694 23.493 20.141 22.202 22.790 11.974 15.755 19.719 14.060 13.055 18.598 19.509 22.488 21.636 17.247 22.852 17.540 15.654 14.910 22.735 23.790 23.851 20.738 23.310 12.370 23.295 23.547 21.624 22.181 21.360 22.038 2 2 R R P Geothermal electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6), Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels Most data are estimates. See Tables 10.1–10.2c for notes on series components and estimation; and Beginning in 1989, includes waste coal supplied. Beginning in 2001, also includes a small amount of Nuclear electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the nuclear heat rate—see Table A6). Natural gas plant liquids. Includes lease condensate. 2 4 8 3 5 1 6 7 able 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 able A6). Year 975 997 nd geothermal heat pump and direct use energy. 980 010 996 977 998 985 995 986 004 009 978 987 003 970 008 007 999 988 981 965 994 989 982 949 002 960 006 993 976 011 950 983 979 990 984 005 001 000 955 991 992 ee Note, "Renewable Energy Production and Consumption," at end of Section 10. (Quadrillion Btu) efuse recovery. See Table 7.1. 1 2 s 1 2 2 r 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 T 1 1 2 a 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 T 1

28 2010 1 Coal Natural Gas Petroleum 2000 Renewable Energy Nuclear Electric Power ed and Petroleum Consump- 1990 1980 roleum Products Suppli 1970 1960 1950 0 5 40 15 45 10 20 25 35 30 Sources: Tables 1.2 and 1.3. Quadrillion Btu petroleum consumption. See Note 1, “Pet tion,” at the end of Section 5 By Major Source, 1949-2011 r 8 2010 Powe Electric Nuclear 2000 9 Energy Renewable U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 20 Coal gas plant liquids and crude oil burned as fuel. t supplied is used as an approximation of 1980 ended with petroleum—biofuels are included in 1970 25 Gas Natural 1960 35 Petroleum¹ 1950 0 20 40 80 60 0 120 100 10 20 30 40 Quadrillion Btu Petroleum products supplied, including natural Quadrillion Btu 1 “Renewable Energy.” For petroleum, produc Does not include biofuels that have been bl 8 By Major Source, 2011 Total, 1949-2011 Figure 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption Estimates by Source

29 9 y d ls in Tota • Total 94.559 99.275 97.722 99.629 97.645 98.814 54.015 40.208 34.616 67.838 45.086 97.301 77.961 78.067 79.950 89.091 76.632 76.392 80.859 76.647 97.978 79.054 96.652 87.424 75.975 82.709 73.099 94.602 72.971 71.965 84.786 95.018 85.783 84.485 96.168 91.029 76.106 84.438 94.022 31.982 R R R R R R 101.296 100.162 100.282 R R R 3 .089 .085 .063 .116 .112 .107 .007 .014 .015 .006 .072 .039 .127 .037 .137 .067 .029 .059 .069 .121 .108 .071 .021 .008 .113 .095 .087 .122 .100 .116 .022 .099 .158 .134 .135 .115 .153 .067 .140 .075 .088 Net R 0.005 (s) Imports Electricity See Table E1 for estimated energ • 6.242 8.090 6.649 7.600 6.523 7.186 4.070 2.784 3.396 2.928 2.978 5.729 6.082 9.135 6.516 6.041 5.457 5.123 5.983 6.493 6.083 6.106 5.622 7.016 4.209 6.560 5.163 5.005 6.069 5.988 6.235 5.821 7.014 4.687 6.111 5.980 5.428 6.438 5.414 6.084 6.496 2.974 4.727 Total R R R R R 7 3.912 3.267 3.849 3.117 3.474 4.294 1.320 1.562 1.431 1.335 1.424 2.701 3.010 4.411 1.838 2.908 3.159 3.008 2.875 1.499 2.927 3.016 2.807 2.782 2.622 2.932 3.105 2.152 3.157 2.038 2.735 3.028 3.101 2.963 2.904 1.549 2.476 1.713 3.016 2.663 2.971 2.932 2.596 R R R R R R Biomass 1 6,7 3.796 1.415 1.360 2.061 1.608 2.639 3.073 3.125 3.688 3.338 3.029 3.048 3.382 4.724 3.565 3.176 3.910 2.961 2.971 2.968 2.441 2.890 2.540 3.552 3.098 3.306 3.857 3.188 3.459 2.371 2.747 3.076 3.287 3.174 2.953 2.817 3.068 3.316 3.467 3.014 3.591 3.179 1.425 See Note 3, "Electricity Imports and Exports," at end of Section 8. R Total • 2 6 Renewable Energy See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary for updated monthly an • .963 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all annual data beginning 2.355 1.098 1.388 1.781 1.071 2.099 1.924 2.306 1.998 1.959 2.153 1.969 2.939 1.990 2.062 1.930 1.595 1.992 1.634 1.889 1.647 2.166 2.550 2.074 2.318 2.177 2.530 1.847 2.262 2.312 2.008 2.143 2.028 1.983 1.898 2.234 2.141 2.022 2.334 2.426 2.066 1.101 • R See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. Fossil Fuel • Equivalence Adjustment for Noncombustible See Note 1, "Noncombustible Renewable Energy," at end of section. See Table 10.1 for a breakdown of individual sources. 6 6 7 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.0005 and greater than -0.0005 quadrillion Btu. Sources: Tables 5.12, 6.1, 7.1, 7.8, 8.1, 8.2a, 10.1, 10.3, A4, A5, and A6. Web Pages: annual data. consumption for 1635–1945. may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. 1949. .673 .344 .510 .858 .397 .977 .900 .893 .979 .775 .807 .920 .970 .991 1.440 1.127 1.070 1.103 1.238 1.382 1.125 1.229 1.785 1.128 1.048 1.326 1.121 1.240 1.197 1.247 1.090 1.045 1.100 1.030 1.114 1.001 1.360 1.002 1.165 0.323 1.082 1.038 1.133 R Energy Captured .043 .000 .239 .000 .006 8.434 8.427 8.455 8.145 8.215 8.222 8.356 8.161 8.259 6.410 6.479 6.104 6.597 5.602 6.422 7.087 7.959 3.024 2.776 5.587 4.754 1.900 7.862 7.068 7.075 8.029 6.694 7.610 2.702 3.008 0.000 4.380 4.076 3.131 3.203 3.553 2.739 2.111 R Power Electric Nuclear Total 85.819 85.794 86.211 84.702 78.488 81.109 83.699 83.549 79.779 72.891 84.014 73.396 84.731 65.357 71.557 82.427 77.259 74.836 80.873 76.256 82.902 70.991 72.911 71.854 72.332 68.521 79.785 81.369 71.880 66.033 63.522 37.410 63.152 66.506 66.093 67.571 63.888 69.828 50.577 42.137 29.002 31.632 69.107 R R R R R R R R 5 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 36.010 35.403 37.280 39.774 39.955 40.388 40.292 38.224 35.283 34.438 37.122 32.732 35.675 37.838 36.816 37.124 37.963 34.561 32.864 34.223 38.811 34.209 33.552 36.159 32.846 38.262 38.186 33.525 33.745 29.521 13.315 34.205 17.255 30.232 30.052 31.932 19.919 23.246 31.053 30.925 11.883 32.198 35.178 R Petroleum 4 5.145 8.998 5.968 Gas 23.663 24.256 22.239 22.923 23.510 23.416 23.843 22.565 24.843 20.666 22.909 22.831 23.824 18.448 20.033 20.000 21.728 21.229 23.223 22.773 22.830 17.640 19.603 19.931 20.714 22.671 19.602 19.948 23.085 12.385 19.747 20.235 16.591 18.394 18.356 17.703 17.221 21.795 15.769 20.345 Natural R R R R R R R R Fossil Fuels 3 .011 .001 .029 .065 .051 .010 .041 .061 .058 .005 .040 .058 .063 .046 .014 .035 .044 .015 .027 .061 .023 .125 .025 .030 .061 .067 .138 .009 -.006 -.006 -.013 -.058 -.010 -.035 -.024 -.016 -.022 -.016 -.018 -.011 -.017 Net Coal (s) Coke -0.007 Imports 9.838 Coal 19.643 20.850 13.584 21.914 15.908 15.040 19.909 21.002 11.581 22.749 13.766 18.992 21.904 22.580 15.322 11.167 19.692 21.623 15.423 15.894 19.835 13.922 22.447 12.265 17.071 17.478 19.173 20.089 22.797 12.347 12.663 21.656 19.070 22.385 17.260 18.008 22.466 11.981 18.846 22.321 21.445 19.122 R P Petroleum products supplied, including natural gas plant liquids and crude oil burned as fuel. Does Natural gas only; excludes supplemental gaseous fuels. See Note 1, "Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," Most data are estimates. See Note, "Renewable Energy Production and Consumption," at end of Conventional hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar thermal, photovoltaic, and wind. See Note 1, Net imports equal imports minus exports. A minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports. 5 4 2 3 1 able 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption Estimates by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ection 10. Year ot include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum—biofuels are included in "Biomass." For 975 997 010 960 998 976 977 009 955 978 979 011 996 980 970 981 999 007 982 t end of Section 6. 983 006 965 etroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of petroleum consumption. See Note 1, 993 984 985 005 950 986 995 987 004 949 988 989 003 000 990 002 991 992 001 994 008 (Quadrillion Btu) Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end of Section 5. Noncombustible Renewable Energy," at end of section. 1 1 1 S 1 1 2 " 2 1 1 2 1 a 1 2 1 n 1 p 1 " 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 T 2

30 2010 Coal Total 2000 Petroleum 1990 Exports Other 4.5 Petroleum 5.9 1980 1970 Imports Other 4.1 1960 Petroleum 24.5 1950 2 0 6 8 4 0 Source: Table 1.4. 12 10 40 30 20 10 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu Energy Exports Imports and Exports, 2011 2010 2010 Total Petroleum 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 0 5 -5 -5 -5 30 20 10 40 10 15 20 25 30 35 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu Note: Negative net imports are net exports. Energy Net Imports Figure 1.4 Primary Energy Trade by Source, 1949-2011 Energy Imports 10

31 11 d d 1 in ts .448 .504 Net 7.584 8.059 9.412 8.685 7.253 2.710 5.709 4.063 -0.144 Total 11.709 11.586 10.130 17.186 14.588 17.750 18.329 17.014 25.739 26.386 19.069 14.435 24.967 14.065 22.281 20.701 16.605 12.929 14.105 12.101 13.194 17.896 23.537 29.806 27.007 29.110 25.932 29.221 30.149 22.741 18.232 21.643 R Imports 1.920 4.021 4.196 4.608 3.693 2.172 2.323 4.307 3.812 3.786 1.829 1.592 1.465 2.632 2.286 1.477 4.061 3.669 4.633 4.511 4.258 3.771 2.052 3.695 3.715 4.006 4.366 4.299 4.661 4.514 5.141 4.752 2.855 4.937 7.060 4.872 4.054 4.560 5.482 4.434 6.965 8.234 Total R 10.356 .012 .008 .017 .017 .010 .005 .009 .020 .016 .011 .002 .014 .001 .013 .003 .056 .011 .054 .012 .007 .012 .049 .007 .052 .051 .014 .055 .047 .024 .031 .008 .010 .009 .065 .083 .082 .069 .078 .083 .062 .051 .065 R 0.001 Elec- tricity 5 See Note 3, "Electricity Imports an • .001 .001 .086 .035 .001 .004 .034 .108 .046 R Bio- NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) fuels .469 .767 .439 .549 .642 .774 .392 .431 .514 1.732 1.545 1.565 1.264 1.670 1.630 1.657 0.680 2.208 3.007 2.751 2.442 1.991 3.800 2.151 2.115 2.059 2.039 2.042 1.988 2.100 1.955 2.008 1.741 1.002 1.824 1.972 2.154 2.128 1.160 1.836 4.240 5.901 4.838 Total R 3 .432 .452 .427 .781 .707 .440 .386 .413 .520 .551 .408 .505 1.231 1.311 1.217 1.161 1.225 1.344 0.488 3.739 2.374 2.124 2.023 1.779 2.151 2.699 1.996 1.825 1.907 2.949 1.791 1.536 1.819 2.048 1.872 1.705 1.594 1.412 1.740 1.882 4.147 5.801 4.750 R Exports Petroleum Petroleum Products 2 .017 .432 .335 .500 .384 .319 .482 .012 .348 .326 .067 .202 .006 .029 .018 .067 .057 .043 .200 .061 .058 .026 .208 .209 .052 .019 .233 .188 .497 .246 .300 .329 .106 .230 .609 .106 .233 .228 .250 .093 .100 .088 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. 0.192 Oil • See "Primary Energy" in Glossary. Crude • .066 .062 .052 .074 .055 .055 .060 .055 .053 .056 .027 .027 .072 .032 .012 .862 .377 .730 .142 .735 .164 .830 .520 .972 .155 .686 .156 .049 .075 .132 .220 .109 .056 .056 .087 .245 .159 .161 .164 Gas 0.021 1.082 1.521 1.147 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary for updated monthly an Natural • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all annual data beginning • Includes trade between the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia) and i • .017 .016 .025 .029 .026 .032 .025 .014 .033 .028 .021 .009 .061 .010 .013 .033 .026 .043 .024 .049 .018 .032 .036 .040 .034 .033 .020 .040 .027 .017 .020 .051 .036 .031 .027 .014 .022 .031 .028 .028 .024 .036 0.014 Coal Coke Notes: Sources: Tables 5.1b, 5.3, 5.5, 6.1, 7.1, 7.8, 8.1, 10.3, 10.4, A2, A3, A4, A5, and A6. Web Pages: annual data. Exports," at end of Section 8. territories and possessions. 1949. .786 2.045 1.597 2.787 1.078 2.093 2.438 2.944 2.248 1.761 2.151 1.376 1.465 1.023 1.936 0.877 2.368 1.032 1.273 1.507 1.515 1.879 1.962 2.318 1.264 2.071 1.265 1.253 1.117 2.637 1.442 2.854 2.499 2.682 1.753 2.772 2.421 2.193 2.092 1.525 1.528 2.751 2.101 Coal 8.342 4.188 1.448 5.892 1.913 2.790 Total 14.032 19.106 13.719 14.151 11.781 11.861 12.471 16.760 15.398 11.752 29.408 31.061 33.544 34.703 22.260 34.709 30.157 23.702 32.992 34.679 29.706 22.390 21.273 19.948 18.766 17.296 18.335 19.460 15.796 19.372 18.817 28.973 27.252 25.215 26.581 28.587 29.877 R .124 .144 .112 .178 .132 .157 .139 .038 .037 .072 .018 .016 .007 .012 .021 .178 .107 .146 .104 .131 .160 .117 .175 .195 .125 .146 .150 .148 .063 .075 .089 .085 .096 .077 .069 .133 .166 .147 .147 .135 .178 .154 0.006 Elec- tricity 4 .013 .066 .001 .002 .012 .001 .054 .002 .084 .026 .001 .001 .002 .016 .004 Bio- NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) fuels U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5.402 2.752 1.427 7.470 3.999 1.886 Total 17.824 13.201 15.672 12.948 10.647 11.433 10.777 10.609 12.639 14.162 26.219 14.658 18.510 28.197 17.933 24.674 18.756 16.968 16.348 17.162 18.881 15.747 24.531 27.685 25.082 17.117 22.908 20.284 25.398 21.740 29.248 19.243 23.133 28.781 29.169 24.491 25.371 R 3 .830 0.513 4.199 3.303 4.095 2.748 4.131 4.434 1.061 3.568 3.360 4.227 4.656 4.364 1.802 3.796 3.904 3.760 3.714 7.157 3.992 3.794 7.084 4.749 5.159 6.237 4.728 4.108 4.351 5.051 3.864 4.565 3.943 6.114 3.463 4.198 3.211 5.383 4.720 4.754 6.868 4.930 5.231 Imports R Petroleum Petroleum Products 2 0.915 9.002 2.196 9.336 8.721 7.418 7.079 1.691 2.654 7.302 2.814 1.056 6.814 Oil Crude 10.067 13.460 11.239 12.766 19.920 20.348 18.935 21.914 19.699 15.669 11.195 22.082 17.876 13.825 12.596 16.341 18.916 13.253 14.027 21.448 22.091 19.783 15.340 22.085 12.553 21.060 11.027 14.749 19.561 20.140 R .988 .940 .917 .011 .992 .161 .950 .995 .847 .846 .748 .471 .000 .952 .978 Gas 0.000 2.397 1.387 3.845 1.798 4.365 3.664 2.901 4.723 4.291 4.042 3.225 3.002 2.161 2.682 4.104 3.063 1.551 4.068 1.296 4.084 1.037 1.300 4.450 3.869 1.006 3.540 3.834 R Natural .053 .004 .099 .033 .030 .080 .001 .067 .014 .011 .088 .061 .045 .003 .023 .063 .008 .083 .052 .080 .003 .003 .078 .019 .170 .142 .068 .089 .063 .095 .002 .029 .014 .057 .095 .101 .094 .016 .013 .045 .009 .035 0.007 Coal Coke .026 .237 .218 .187 .422 .009 .019 .095 .495 .203 .074 .007 .906 .024 .001 .055 .051 .049 .085 .855 .044 .030 .205 .762 .626 .032 .005 .041 .071 .682 .484 .032 .053 .227 .313 .008 .222 .067 .909 .030 .566 .327 0.008 Coal P Petroleum products, unfinished oils, pentanes plus, and gasoline blending components. Does not Crude oil and lease condensate. Imports data include imports into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Biodiesel only. Net imports equal imports minus exports. Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports. Fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel. 1 3 5 4 2 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.0005 quadrillion Btu. able 1.4 Primary Energy Trade by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 hich began in 1977. Year 003 010 983 988 965 977 993 006 984 008 994 990 991 005 009 999 970 982 950 985 979 955 995 004 989 978 992 000 975 960 949 007 001 011 998 987 981 997 980 002 976 986 996 (Quadrillion Btu) nclude biofuels. 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 w 1 1 1 i 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 1

32 2010 2010 2000 2005 3 1990 2000 1980 Share of GDP Share of Gross Output 1995 1970 1960 1990 1950 0 5 0 3 6 9 20 15 10 12 Thousand Btu per Real (2005) Dollar² Percent Gross Domestic Product, 1949-2011 Energy Expenditures as Share of Gross Domestic Product and Gross Output,³ 1987-2010 Energy Consumption per Real Dollar² of 2010 2010 2000 2000 Gross output is the value of gross domestic product (GDP) plus the value of intermediate Source: Table 1.5. 3 inputs used to produce GDP. 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 0 1970 0 500 1,000 1,500 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 Billion Nominal Dollars¹ Nominal Dollars¹ Energy Expenditures per Capita, Energy Expenditures, 1970-2010 1970-2010 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2010 2010 2000 2000 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 0 60 20 80 40 500 300 100 200 120 100 400 ¹ See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. ² In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators Quadrillion Btu Million Btu Energy Consumption, 1949-2011 Figure 1.5 Energy Consumption and Expenditures Indicators Estimates 12 Energy Consumption per Capita, 1949-2011 in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary.

33 13 u n . ic 5 per 2 Carbo 593 672 643 751 615 655 715 475 960 910 849 488 609 651 863 624 457 916 429 456 427 528 999 702 776 444 584 628 652 585 902 818 495 523 566 547 508 503 412 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1,197 1,075 1,030 1,189 R R R R Metric Tons Gross Domest per Million Real Carbon Dioxide (2005) Dollars Carbon Dioxide Emissions Real Dollar of GDP 5 Table 3.5. 9.97 7.47 9.25 7.69 9.61 8.18 8.81 8.28 7.44 7.54 7.94 7.67 8.48 8.97 8.46 7.31 R R R R R R R R R R R 10.52 13.82 17.35 11.66 10.76 14.51 10.36 10.87 15.94 10.02 11.16 10.83 11.90 14.09 10.27 12.46 15.90 14.76 12.72 16.09 14.79 10.54 10.05 14.98 13.38 10.82 17.27 Energy R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R per Real U.S. Department of Commerce, Burea Thousand Btu (2005) Dollar Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP 5 Calculated by U.S. Energy Information Administration Energy Expenditures: Gross Output: Real Billion Gross 5,373.1 6,130.9 5,865.9 4,266.3 1,843.1 6,571.5 5,136.9 7,307.0 5,982.1 9,086.0 4,875.4 7,607.4 5,834.0 5,672.8 8,008.3 9,845.9 8,027.1 2,828.5 2,498.2 3,607.0 8,863.1 8,516.2 2,004.2 9,425.8 5,850.1 7,879.2 7,080.5 6,843.4 8,280.0 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 10,274.7 11,337.5 10,770.7 12,958.5 13,206.4 11,836.4 13,161.9 11,216.4 12,623.0 12,246.9 11,543.1 13,088.0 12,703.1 13,315.1 Domestic R R R R R R R R R R R R R Product (GDP) (2005) Dollars 1 Table D1. Table 1.3. 7.1 7.1 6.0 6.9 6.8 8.0 6.2 6.8 7.4 7.5 6.9 7.9 5.9 8.1 8.6 9.9 7.6 8.3 8.7 7.3 8.8 8.3 6.8 8.4 8.0 8.0 Other Columns: R R R 13.1 10.4 13.7 11.8 11.1 10.9 10.6 10.4 11.6 13.4 10.5 NA NA NA NA NA NA Energy Percent Expenditures as Share of GDP Table 11.1. Population Data: 4 Energy Consumption: 719.1 267.2 526.4 293.7 414.7 Billion Gross 7,414.7 8,332.4 8,793.5 7,085.2 7,838.5 1,038.3 6,667.4 6,342.3 2,293.8 3,534.6 3,253.2 3,126.8 9,951.5 9,353.5 5,800.5 5,992.1 4,217.5 2,562.2 3,930.9 2,788.1 1,824.6 2,030.1 4,460.1 1,637.7 4,736.4 5,100.4 5,482.1 Table D1. Nominal Dollars 10,642.3 10,286.2 14,028.7 11,142.2 13,939.0 14,291.5 12,623.0 11,853.3 13,377.2 14,526.5 15,094.0 Domestic R R R R R R R R Product (GDP) Sources: Web Page: For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary. 3 1 of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product by Industry Data, Gross Output, All Industries. Product: Dioxide Emissions: 4.0 3.9 3.3 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.7 4.1 4.1 5.3 4.7 4.8 4.3 4.5 4.2 3.3 3.7 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.4 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Energy Percent as Share of Expenditures Gross Output 3 4 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Billion Gross 8,639.9 9,359.5 9,969.6 Nominal Dollars Output 12,647.2 15,987.4 14,259.9 15,160.5 13,451.6 18,874.2 25,819.7 11,857.6 26,561.9 25,811.4 11,242.4 24,568.6 19,832.3 24,477.0 18,576.5 21,267.7 23,046.9 10,511.1 17,017.4 10,676.5 18,305.7 1 4 404 889 796 R NA NA NA NA NA NA U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1,905 1,930 2,078 1,916 2,079 1,786 2,975 1,075 1,865 2,303 3,895 1,841 1,679 2,601 2,437 1,854 1,890 1,637 4,097 3,887 4,633 3,459 3,543 1,893 1,001 2,431 1,860 1,597 1,773 1,994 1,842 1,322 1,845 1,647 Energy R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Nominal Dollars per Capita Expenditures 1 4 NA NA NA NA NA NA Million Energy 82,860 Nominal Dollars 525,515 694,484 566,714 559,890 754,708 513,947 504,073 662,414 193,896 220,476 171,837 685,902 435,195 472,653 410,515 426,479 556,379 437,679 491,231 383,518 438,347 239,255 374,347 470,668 427,898 871,097 297,549 417,476 396,587 475,644 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1,046,897 1,234,282 1,408,845 1,061,220 1,204,827 1,159,687 Expenditures R R R R R R 242 214 338 347 331 326 334 359 349 250 278 316 344 334 339 338 312 319 332 338 359 346 321 344 227 344 336 337 333 342 325 354 348 342 336 339 334 350 312 308 326 339 316 Btu R R Million Energy per Capita Consumption Btu 96.652 87.424 45.086 80.859 85.783 82.709 76.392 78.067 31.982 34.616 76.647 96.168 84.786 77.961 79.054 67.838 73.099 91.029 94.022 97.978 84.438 76.106 54.015 79.950 75.975 95.018 71.965 76.632 40.208 72.971 89.091 84.485 94.602 98.814 97.645 97.722 99.629 99.275 94.559 97.301 Energy R R R R R R 101.296 100.282 100.162 Quadrillion R R R Consumption P In chained (2005) dollars. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. Gross output is the value of GDP plus the value of intermediate inputs used to produce GDP. Expenditures include taxes where data are available. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption. See Table 11.1. 3 2 5 1 4 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. able 1.5 Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Emissions Indicators Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 987 006 976 998 992 990 970 988 983 003 005 004 949 977 997 008 981 993 010 975 996 999 994 982 995 950 986 980 979 989 991 007 978 002 984 001 955 965 985 009 011 000 960 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 T 1

34 RI VT DC NY HI RI CA DE HI CT MA NH AZ SD NH MT FL ME VT ND NV OR WY ID MD AK UT NV NJ NM NC WV MI CT DE UT PA NE CO OR WA AR KS DC IL MS ME VA AZ MA US MD WI IA MO CO GA OK NM SC OH WI ID MN MN MO TN AL SC KY AR WA WV U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 TN MS NJ MT VA KS NC AL MI OK IN IN GA KY NY NE PA SD OH TX IL IA LA ND FL LA AK CA 1234567891011121314151617181920212223242526 27282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051 TX WY 2 8 6 0 4 12 0.1 14 10 0.2 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.0 Quadrillion Btu Source: Table 1.6. Billion Btu Consumption 14 Consumption per Capita Figure 1.6 State-Level Energy Consumption Estimates and Estimated Consumption per Capita, 2010

35 15 d el ta 0: 18.73 26.19 18.54 17.09 17.72 18.78 18.91 30.75 25.63 20.25 14.75 19.56 20.91 17.96 15.16 16.78 18.22 23.32 16.27 22.91 16.76 23.12 17.49 21.66 17.93 17.73 16.82 17.63 23.87 18.89 17.17 16.92 16.89 22.48 16.66 21.78 22.95 24.20 19.40 14.73 19.98 18.26 17.24 20.66 15.46 13.73 18.33 17.46 18.22 20.87 18.11 16.68 1 per Million Btu EIA, "State Energy Da 2 Prices Dollars United States Rhode Island Mississippi Kansas Pennsylvania Hawaii Florida Kentucky Missouri New Hampshire Ohio Minnesota Alabama Oregon Virginia Wisconsin South Dakota Connecticut Delaware Massachusetts Arizona Indiana Nevada Louisiana New Mexico Illinois North Carolina Colorado District of Columbia Tennessee West Virginia Alaska Maine Montana Maryland New Jersey Nebraska South Carolina Michigan Idaho New York Iowa Washington North Dakota Vermont Arkansas Wyoming Utah California Texas Georgia Oklahoma 3,895 4,746 5,446 3,774 3,497 4,033 3,503 4,246 4,128 8,807 3,844 3,817 3,739 4,446 4,019 3,622 3,717 4,268 4,191 4,841 3,506 4,034 3,281 7,904 3,829 3,134 4,251 3,599 4,526 4,494 4,421 3,021 8,661 4,217 4,357 3,956 4,651 3,177 3,930 4,610 4,344 3,977 6,740 3,719 3,451 3,194 3,907 3,395 3,437 3,319 3,002 3,971 Expenditures and Prices: 2 per Capita 1 Dollars U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), "State Energy Data 201 Expenditures United States Georgia Maine Arkansas New Jersey Nebraska Tennessee District of Columbia South Dakota Idaho Delaware Alaska Illinois Alabama Indiana Texas Missouri Michigan Virginia New Mexico Oregon Pennsylvania Kansas Wyoming Oklahoma Kentucky Massachusetts Louisiana Hawaii South Carolina Arizona Rhode Island California Iowa North Dakota Wisconsin North Carolina Montana West Virginia Washington Minnesota Vermont New Hampshire Nevada New York Mississippi Maryland Utah Ohio Connecticut Florida Colorado Consumption: 1,204,827 13,206 44,989 21,483 22,885 19,374 48,701 7,882 12,457 21,517 137,532 19,675 34,540 6,289 16,049 5,714 29,826 39,369 9,294 5,691 45,081 60,172 8,091 117,003 37,338 4,462 21,507 2,719 12,592 12,061 24,512 20,869 3,616 7,435 6,300 61,619 27,374 14,766 22,893 5,229 16,751 4,568 8,332 2,439 32,989 3,690 37,362 25,153 18,705 14,221 4,547 3,798 5 1 2 Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm. Sources: Note: Rankings based on unrounded data. price and expenditure estimates are annual 1970 through 2010. Consumption" (June 2012), Tables C10 and C11. 2010: Prices and Expenditures" (June 2012), Table E15. "State Energy Data 2010" includes State-lev data by end-use sector and type of energy. Consumption estimates are annual 1960 through 2010, an Million Dollars Expenditures United States Kansas Alabama West Virginia Arizona Alaska Maryland Hawaii Missouri Vermont Idaho Texas Nebraska New Hampshire Oregon Minnesota Indiana Virginia Kentucky Wisconsin Oklahoma North Carolina Michigan Georgia New York Rhode Island Louisiana Nevada Illinois Florida Pennsylvania Delaware California Arkansas Wyoming Massachusetts Washington South Dakota Montana Iowa New Jersey Maine South Carolina Utah Tennessee North Dakota Mississippi Colorado Ohio District of Columbia New Mexico Connecticut 315.9 409.5 329.2 412.6 302.0 442.3 894.4 358.3 278.1 324.9 405.1 712.6 209.6 948.1 339.7 407.6 284.7 461.1 199.6 235.9 254.6 332.3 464.9 300.5 311.8 232.6 192.2 354.0 283.0 238.9 351.6 489.3 218.2 306.5 187.4 466.1 256.0 454.7 306.8 210.9 213.1 283.3 295.6 224.4 316.3 400.4 898.5 398.4 321.6 385.3 275.2 306.6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Million Btu Consumption per Capita United States Wyoming South Dakota New York Ohio Massachusetts Illinois Alabama Oklahoma Mississippi West Virginia Indiana Kansas District of Columbia Arkansas Vermont Kentucky South Carolina Alaska Tennessee Nebraska Minnesota Louisiana Washington Idaho Montana Texas Virginia New Mexico Wisconsin Iowa Georgia New Jersey Missouri North Dakota California Rhode Island Arizona Colorado New Hampshire Pennsylvania Florida Connecticut Delaware Nevada North Carolina Maine Oregon Hawaii Maryland Utah Michigan 97,710.6 185.5 3,758.8 480.7 680.1 295.5 2,871.1 977.1 1,800.1 1,399.6 197.2 4,381.9 535.3 3,833.7 1,867.3 3,728.4 1,492.3 1,551.6 1,928.4 379.6 533.8 1,481.1 256.2 1,516.9 1,959.7 3,155.7 763.7 1,661.6 641.7 7,825.7 1,189.2 1,976.5 11,769.9 4,065.4 1,165.3 2,036.5 272.2 407.3 738.9 2,798.1 646.1 2,250.6 843.8 147.6 754.0 401.4 3,936.7 1,125.6 2,447.5 2,705.2 2,502.1 1,396.9 3,4 Trillion Btu Consumption Idaho Utah Nebraska Oklahoma Delaware Connecticut District of Columbia Alabama Tennessee Arkansas Indiana South Carolina North Dakota Iowa Pennsylvania Florida Alaska Kentucky Vermont Illinois Arizona New Mexico Texas Hawaii Maine Wisconsin United States Washington Michigan Mississippi Massachusetts Rhode Island Oregon New York Wyoming Colorado Montana Maryland Ohio New Hampshire Minnesota Louisiana New Jersey North Carolina California West Virginia Kansas Virginia South Dakota Missouri Georgia Nevada The U.S. consumption value in this table does not match those in Tables 1.1 and 1.3 because it: Prices and expenditures include taxes where data are available. Includes $158 million for coal coke net imports, which are not allocated to the States. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Includes -6.2 trillion Btu of coal coke net imports, which are not allocated to the States. 2 1 3 4 5 able 1.6 State-Level Energy Consumption, Expenditure, and Price Estimates, 2010 ) does not include biodiesel; and 2) is the sum of State values, which use State average heat contents to onvert physical units of coal and natural gas to Btu. Rank 45 16 11 31 14 47 43 1 46 17 42 33 10 44 30 18 12 48 2 19 41 15 9 32 34 20 40 8 29 49 3 28 21 35 27 39 7 4 22 36 50 26 23 38 5 13 6 25 24 37 51 1 c T

36 449 260 April (1975) (1985) (1981) 831 (1960) March 494 (2000) 958 (1978) 577 (1954) February 687 (2006) 1,188 (1977) January Source: Table 1.7. 30-Year Monthly Normal¹ 2010- 2011 Heating Season Record Low Monthly Value (Year of Record) Record High Monthly Value (Year of Record) ) 683 (1956) 1989 1,070 ( December U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 396 (2001) 668 November (1976) ) 162 1963 ( 367 (1976) October 0 800 400 600 200 1,200 1,000 Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Heating Degree-Days 1 16 Figure 1.7 Heating Degree-Days by Month, 1949-2011

37 17 y ic 9. nt d, or Total 4,653 4,664 4,514 4,320 4,524 4,460 4,627 3,996 4,255 4,713 4,531 4,315 4,549 4,459 4,200 4,273 4,521 4,493 4,441 3,951 4,234 4,536 4,203 4,700 4,461 4,619 4,781 4,958 4,642 4,605 4,483 4,726 4,707 4,494 4,290 4,295 4,726 4,542 4,472 4,512 4,016 4,169 4,724 4,334 704 831 801 713 886 760 800 824 751 872 872 784 717 763 812 877 822 689 866 909 690 990 739 844 692 723 951 750 847 773 831 831 936 800 760 941 802 845 793 789 805 817 1,005 1,070 December 2011 and Normal—U.S. Departme • 565 506 541 469 580 630 600 586 466 564 605 565 494 467 477 522 509 482 610 396 503 560 521 441 506 479 528 517 515 493 542 413 592 491 534 502 668 457 558 504 564 462 487 539 November 223 352 253 259 244 237 242 298 302 236 304 234 251 271 330 209 233 301 196 260 276 260 245 175 268 271 295 264 243 283 254 275 273 251 259 246 281 316 345 235 258 327 367 282 October 55 72 88 67 69 74 69 85 37 62 94 56 69 82 33 44 72 78 89 60 50 53 39 77 69 59 75 59 65 58 73 48 62 54 76 56 81 47 61 52 63 76 100 77 September The data are based on mean daily temperatures recorded at about 200 maj 5 7 9 6 7 6 7 7 5 5 6 7 9 9 9 6 5 8 9 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all data beginning in 194 18 12 24 12 14 15 17 11 19 13 16 10 13 18 20 14 16 11 13 19 11 12 13 10 • 1949-2010—U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospher • 15 August Sources: Web Pages: 6 6 3 7 7 6 4 7 5 4 4 5 7 7 4 4 5 6 8 5 8 3 6 5 7 8 6 8 5 5 9 7 3 5 2 6 9 For current data, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. • 11 14 14 12 11 11 Degree Days Statistics. Administration (NOAA), National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, Historical Climatolog of Commerce, NOAA, National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Marylan Series 5-1. Data are compiled from about 8,000 weather stations. weather stations around the country. July 9 F. For ° 28 31 30 47 38 37 21 62 31 35 23 29 35 30 49 31 37 25 33 24 31 27 27 21 23 48 26 37 46 28 20 48 29 32 41 29 31 25 41 40 40 30 38 June 39 98 148 123 174 119 172 134 157 114 120 166 165 162 121 107 152 178 183 107 132 184 128 184 132 186 160 142 174 117 128 139 189 115 111 137 123 115 198 165 165 114 109 163 F would report 25 heating May 159 ° U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 293 344 371 344 364 260 270 408 350 316 319 449 263 331 344 309 368 305 375 421 330 319 345 412 355 406 287 309 278 341 281 295 321 272 330 338 372 302 344 360 264 260 303 April 345 Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor • 620 594 575 594 557 704 685 677 529 586 831 603 502 600 620 564 596 552 713 617 622 494 600 556 693 583 573 645 588 611 552 535 572 544 680 542 648 603 686 738 669 664 495 593 March 958 645 758 813 807 778 776 950 751 743 655 609 623 706 750 780 714 780 820 731 748 669 766 672 759 721 676 689 734 827 647 853 832 725 705 644 801 831 701 742 643 639 741 732 February 956 984 945 968 887 858 852 728 935 969 892 841 861 884 860 789 927 932 761 776 940 687 874 920 944 974 765 921 907 821 859 859 886 847 917 1,031 1,061 1,000 1,004 1,079 1,188 1,057 1,067 1,063 Temperature information recorded by weather stations is used to calculate State-wide January • This table excludes Alaska and Hawaii. • P 1 Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Year 1 Notes: P=Preliminary. able 1.7 Heating Degree-Days by Month, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ormal ir temperature. Heating degree-days are deviations below the mean daily temperature of 65 xample, a weather station recording a mean daily temperature of 40 egree-day averages based on resident State population. Beginning in July 2001, data are weighted by the 000 population. The population-weighted State figures are aggregated into Census divisions and the ational average. egree-days. 1980 2004 1998 1995 1993 2008 1976 2006 1989 1987 2000 1985 1975 2003 2011 1979 1949 1990 1996 2002 1984 1978 1955 2009 2005 1970 1960 1981 2001 2007 1994 1999 1992 1986 1997 1977 1950 1988 1965 1991 1983 2010 1982 a e d d 2 N n T

38 27 83 (1976) (1963) October 215 (1998) (2005) 118 September (1967) 366 (2007) 228 August (1992) 268 July (1950) 411 Source: Table 1.8. (2011) 2011 Cooling Season 30-Year Monthly Normal¹ Record Low Monthly Value (Year of Record) Record High Monthly Value (Year of Record) 161 (1955) June 285 (2010) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 64 (1976) May 147 (1991) April 56 13 (2011) (1983) 0 400 200 100 500 300 Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Cooling Degree-Days 1 18 Figure 1.8 Cooling Degree-Days by Month, 1949-2011

39 19 y ic 9. nt d, or 1,477 1,399 1,318 1,368 1,410 1,136 1,214 1,245 1,156 1,040 1,260 1,269 1,218 1,290 1,232 1,397 1,029 1,249 1,285 1,293 1,277 1,172 1,110 1,113 1,229 1,180 1,242 1,297 1,396 1,156 1,194 1,457 1,153 1,344 1,260 1,229 1,313 1,220 1,209 1,331 1,283 1,226 1,206 1,216 Total R 8 4 2 4 6 6 5 4 1 9 5 5 9 4 5 9 7 6 5 4 7 5 3 8 9 4 9 4 6 8 7 5 6 6 9 5 7 11 11 11 10 11 12 15 R December 2011 and Normal—U.S. Departme • 9 8 6 8 9 8 16 11 17 25 10 14 18 12 18 20 23 15 16 13 16 12 17 12 19 16 15 12 19 14 16 15 14 12 11 10 10 20 12 11 13 21 20 15 R November 46 59 53 62 42 57 50 46 52 70 49 67 40 45 48 43 55 44 78 52 48 27 55 65 50 47 50 47 55 68 47 61 48 49 46 57 55 70 58 45 62 48 82 53 R October 184 160 143 172 181 150 146 195 138 185 139 215 138 145 120 202 140 182 169 156 156 127 161 155 180 128 150 149 149 172 152 171 138 156 177 191 180 131 138 141 215 192 171 155 R September The data are based on mean daily temperatures recorded at about 200 maj See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all data beginning in 194 • 1949-2010—U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospher 347 356 337 317 362 302 266 263 268 259 252 266 275 273 228 332 243 363 305 305 366 296 298 312 313 294 300 351 291 262 244 333 302 337 283 287 348 347 269 345 355 307 293 290 • R August Sources: Web Pages: For current data, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. • Series 5-2. Data are compiled from about 8,000 weather stations. weather stations around the country. of Commerce, NOAA, National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Marylan Degree Days Statistics. Administration (NOAA), National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, Historical Climatolog 411 299 333 374 316 367 295 388 310 310 351 334 299 282 284 301 380 350 323 359 334 280 374 301 340 312 348 284 381 347 268 286 313 302 291 370 367 353 315 336 318 328 336 321 July R F. For ° 256 233 226 231 201 285 257 235 208 228 264 187 170 179 199 236 208 193 202 220 236 219 244 187 193 208 189 212 218 215 253 250 234 165 262 203 243 207 201 222 161 218 221 213 R June 91 89 94 86 76 92 76 81 88 92 77 72 75 82 95 82 93 91 64 91 97 R 120 116 147 126 109 104 117 125 138 115 110 110 121 117 121 114 105 108 131 106 127 135 119 F would report 13 cooling May ° U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 56 19 24 23 36 52 27 53 21 42 29 23 37 32 26 28 23 31 45 30 35 37 13 40 29 23 26 31 29 53 27 42 24 19 29 28 24 33 37 34 39 36 29 30 R April Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor • 7 6 9 8 20 24 15 14 23 10 17 12 10 21 11 13 12 17 17 21 22 11 18 10 20 13 25 21 29 31 13 17 28 10 18 19 13 18 19 10 13 14 14 18 March 2 6 6 7 5 7 6 4 5 7 6 4 5 7 7 5 5 5 1 6 5 4 7 9 9 7 4 7 7 10 10 10 14 10 11 14 11 12 11 12 11 10 11 8 February 3 5 6 5 7 7 8 3 5 2 6 8 7 5 5 4 6 3 3 7 6 9 3 3 7 7 3 9 8 6 9 15 13 15 27 13 10 14 10 12 16 10 12 10 R Temperature information recorded by weather stations is used to calculate State-wide January • This table excludes Alaska and Hawaii. • P 1 Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Year 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Notes: able 1.8 Cooling Degree-Days by Month, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ormal xample, a weather station recording a mean daily temperature of 78 ir temperature. Cooling degree-days are deviations above the mean daily temperature of 65 egree-days. egree-day averages based on resident State population. Beginning in 2002, data are weighted by the 000 population. The population-weighted State figures are aggregated into Census divisions and the ational average. 1977 1984 1999 2008 1960 1988 2003 1978 1955 1965 2010 2011 2001 2000 1975 1997 1985 1976 1987 1992 1998 1991 1970 1995 2009 1993 2002 1989 2007 1979 1950 2004 1982 1996 2006 1980 1949 1994 1990 1981 1986 2005 1983 a e N d d 2 n T

40 2010 3,379 2011 Pacific¹ 3,226 2005 5,120 30-Year Normal² Mountain 2000 5,209 2,222 1995 Central West South 2,286 1990 3,387 Central East South 3,603 1985 2,598 Note: See Appendix C for map of Census divisions. Source: Table 1.9. 1980 South Atlantic 2,853 30-Year Normal² 1975 6,641 Central West North 6,750 1970 6,186 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Central East North 1965 6,498 5,414 1960 Middle Atlantic 5,910 1955 6,135 New England 6,612 1950 0 0 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 1,000 Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Degree-Days Degree-Days 1 2 20 U.S.¹ Heating Degree-Days, 1949-2011 Heating Degree-Days by Census Division, 2011 Figure 1.9 Heating Degree-Days by Census Division

41 21 y ic ly 9. nt d, 1 4,524 4,320 4,542 4,653 4,472 4,726 4,713 4,493 4,016 4,531 4,334 4,203 4,295 4,234 4,273 4,642 3,951 4,441 4,536 4,514 4,459 4,200 4,627 4,521 4,290 4,169 4,494 4,619 4,315 4,512 4,724 4,726 4,707 4,460 4,605 4,483 3,996 4,549 4,781 4,700 4,255 4,958 4,664 4,461 United States 1 3,379 3,226 3,113 3,449 2,959 2,763 3,012 2,841 3,309 2,975 3,441 2,784 2,860 2,918 3,355 3,109 2,986 3,116 3,013 3,378 3,149 3,052 3,136 3,202 3,158 3,155 3,148 3,073 3,168 3,186 3,257 2,754 2,925 3,171 3,723 3,135 2,807 3,729 3,255 3,115 3,150 3,623 3,132 3,061 Pacific 2011 and Normal—U.S. Departme • 5,209 5,120 5,114 5,370 5,002 4,830 5,259 5,564 4,953 4,768 5,060 5,318 5,514 5,052 4,778 5,059 4,671 5,328 5,011 4,759 5,544 5,148 5,303 5,188 5,016 5,517 4,844 5,359 5,693 4,954 5,592 5,173 4,930 4,605 5,676 5,436 5,146 5,018 5,054 4,870 5,483 5,153 4,895 4,881 Mountain 2,286 2,222 2,178 2,764 2,078 2,083 2,672 2,108 2,378 2,396 2,194 2,178 2,418 2,439 1,863 2,489 2,230 1,974 2,466 2,330 1,835 2,162 2,145 2,446 2,307 2,551 2,058 2,156 2,521 2,133 2,145 2,292 2,051 2,021 2,194 2,227 2,187 2,346 2,694 1,944 2,088 2,187 2,212 2,285 Central West South The data are the sum of monthly values and are based on mean dai See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all data beginning in 194 • 1949-2010—U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospher • 3,603 3,387 3,394 3,768 3,685 3,294 3,892 3,757 3,213 3,314 3,420 3,782 2,942 3,626 3,498 3,466 3,994 3,289 3,211 3,812 3,451 3,336 3,312 3,025 3,800 3,958 3,641 3,855 3,664 3,402 3,357 3,503 4,062 3,548 3,602 3,713 3,374 3,900 3,315 2,929 3,142 3,881 3,588 3,239 Central East South Sources: Web Pages: For current data, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. • temperatures recorded at about 200 major weather stations around the country. Series 5-1. Data are compiled from about 8,000 weather stations. Administration (NOAA), National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, Historical Climatolog of Commerce, NOAA, National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Marylan Degree Days Statistics. divisions. 2,853 2,598 2,967 3,122 2,736 2,844 2,724 3,040 2,640 2,535 2,977 3,057 2,713 3,177 2,830 2,944 3,106 2,686 2,782 2,367 2,584 2,959 2,748 3,187 3,219 2,671 2,429 2,230 2,791 2,879 3,147 2,937 3,099 2,981 2,721 2,652 2,997 2,845 3,047 2,503 2,786 2,891 2,641 2,852 South Atlantic 6,641 6,750 7,112 6,634 6,262 6,184 5,712 6,465 6,231 6,539 7,119 6,582 5,774 6,290 6,901 6,202 7,168 7,000 6,115 5,799 6,652 6,374 7,369 5,921 7,324 6,506 6,761 6,837 6,509 6,670 6,584 6,678 6,835 6,319 6,646 6,011 6,884 6,456 6,630 6,996 6,804 7,136 6,479 7,345 Central West North See Appendix C for map of Census Temperature information recorded by U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 • • 6,186 6,498 6,418 6,544 6,378 6,207 6,455 6,617 6,768 6,646 6,540 6,538 6,284 5,278 7,095 6,297 6,696 6,921 5,906 6,096 6,792 5,946 6,446 5,681 5,712 6,169 6,284 6,542 6,834 6,241 5,801 6,664 5,824 6,590 6,423 5,810 6,199 6,101 6,947 6,122 6,619 6,150 6,546 6,528 Central East North F. For example, a weather station recording a mean ° 5,910 5,414 6,143 5,777 6,088 5,986 5,733 5,323 5,804 6,134 6,090 5,091 5,866 5,708 5,774 5,050 4,998 5,177 5,989 5,831 5,351 5,660 5,665 5,623 5,372 5,933 5,765 5,851 5,749 5,643 5,964 5,699 5,477 6,330 4,812 5,455 5,799 5,948 5,889 5,943 5,934 6,097 5,809 5,901 Middle Atlantic F would report 25 heating degree-days. ° New 6,612 6,135 6,561 6,571 5,960 6,728 6,501 6,844 6,612 6,900 6,715 6,470 5,848 6,348 6,442 6,395 5,829 6,489 6,099 6,305 6,661 7,061 6,551 5,680 6,839 6,646 6,546 6,672 5,952 6,579 6,825 6,697 6,517 6,839 6,851 5,942 5,809 6,887 6,559 6,577 6,055 6,362 6,612 6,679 England Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor air temperature. Heating degree-days are • P 2 Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Year 1 2 Notes: P=Preliminary. able 1.9 Heating Degree-Days by Census Division, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ormal eather stations is used to calculate State-wide degree-day averages based on resident State population. eginning in July 2001, data are weighted by the 2000 population. The population-weighted State figures aily temperature of 40 eviations below the mean daily temperature of 65 re aggregated into Census divisions and the national average. 1981 1984 1996 1994 2007 1986 2010 1955 2003 2005 1976 1980 1993 1990 1988 1975 1983 1979 2011 1991 2008 1949 1997 1999 1982 1985 1970 2002 2006 1978 1989 1998 2004 2009 1950 2001 1987 1965 1960 1995 2000 1977 1992 d d w B a N T

42 2010 717 Pacific¹ 704 2005 1,368 Mountain 2000 1,243 3,172 1995 Central West South 2,449 1990 1,817 Central East South 1,547 1985 2011 2,332 Note: See Appendix C for map of Census divisions. Source: Table 1.10. 1980 South Atlantic 1,964 30-Year Normal² 1975 1,118 30-Year Normal² Central West North 927 1970 897 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Central East North 1965 709 887 1960 Atlantic Middle 656 1955 608 New England 417 1950 0 0 500 2,000 1,000 1,500 1,000 3,000 4,000 2,000 Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Degree-Days 2 1 Degree-Days U.S.¹ Cooling Degree-Days, 1949-2011 22 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division, 2011 Figure 1.10 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division

43 23 y ic ly 9. nt d, 1 1,156 1,214 1,229 1,194 1,180 1,260 1,277 1,156 1,136 1,209 1,220 1,297 1,218 1,110 1,113 1,293 1,290 1,029 1,232 1,040 1,206 1,477 1,313 1,245 1,318 1,396 1,283 1,226 1,249 1,331 1,285 1,269 1,344 1,242 1,172 1,399 1,397 1,457 1,260 1,410 1,368 1,229 1,153 1,216 R United States 1 921 823 597 827 737 619 685 620 770 770 905 754 635 801 941 884 956 708 868 876 856 717 560 664 811 776 732 547 593 916 655 739 728 672 689 729 794 658 715 738 756 706 542 704 R Pacific 2011 and Normal—U.S. Departme • 961 1,234 1,331 1,294 1,058 1,376 1,308 1,639 1,113 1,206 1,120 1,504 1,335 1,330 1,242 1,436 1,164 1,121 1,381 1,190 1,504 1,210 1,368 1,124 1,457 1,202 1,182 1,543 1,174 1,320 1,488 1,498 1,256 1,174 1,196 1,586 1,450 1,031 1,198 1,188 1,271 1,663 1,163 1,243 R Mountain 2,369 2,473 2,498 2,570 2,494 2,422 2,361 2,448 2,645 2,522 2,502 2,469 2,579 2,295 2,485 2,599 2,242 2,201 2,515 2,579 2,492 2,035 3,172 2,643 3,026 2,510 2,488 2,618 2,787 2,734 2,368 2,565 2,545 2,261 2,750 2,776 2,288 2,638 2,499 2,720 2,422 2,375 2,636 2,449 R Central West South The data are the sum of monthly values and are based on mean dai See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all data beginning in 194 • 1949-2010—U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospher • 1,622 1,474 1,412 1,293 1,634 1,596 1,417 1,733 1,497 1,537 1,613 1,671 1,393 1,622 1,232 1,494 1,508 1,549 1,576 1,560 1,568 1,448 1,817 1,791 1,928 1,736 1,834 1,718 1,535 1,808 1,685 1,808 1,696 1,670 1,927 1,520 1,662 2,004 1,582 1,792 1,579 1,758 1,776 1,547 R Central East South Sources: Web Pages: For current data, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary. • temperatures recorded at about 200 major weather stations around the country. Administration (NOAA), National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, Historical Climatolog Series 5-2. Data are compiled from about 8,000 weather stations. of Commerce, NOAA, National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Marylan Degree Days Statistics. divisions. 1,987 2,004 2,005 1,886 1,926 1,833 1,919 1,865 1,777 2,024 2,081 1,977 2,037 1,958 2,092 1,889 1,675 1,931 1,867 2,007 2,025 2,143 2,332 2,045 1,923 2,128 1,925 2,277 2,197 2,020 2,081 2,037 1,972 2,267 1,929 2,149 1,891 2,007 2,075 2,011 2,212 2,209 2,067 1,964 South R Atlantic 939 914 720 821 729 847 970 830 864 924 817 871 961 859 873 946 637 983 887 985 752 955 927 R 1,118 1,238 1,021 1,038 1,135 1,087 1,217 1,003 1,066 1,028 1,122 1,123 1,023 1,027 1,094 1,079 1,125 1,115 1,138 1,178 1,230 Central West North Temperature information recorded by U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 • See Appendix C for map of Census • 897 658 629 949 900 724 647 934 960 741 889 602 664 959 652 823 855 643 643 752 722 574 645 918 449 975 658 688 975 547 744 921 827 816 698 788 933 735 738 618 619 604 709 R 1,043 Central East North F. For example, a weather station recording a mean ° 887 779 782 882 722 542 788 803 587 586 541 793 623 745 708 640 863 854 764 626 799 788 934 638 588 597 460 542 685 649 729 670 778 689 627 656 657 997 990 615 658 901 722 656 R Middle Atlantic F would report 13 cooling degree-days. ° 608 511 402 407 548 372 528 434 522 477 402 484 654 395 468 486 570 497 353 487 467 631 545 321 362 507 519 602 479 642 400 538 657 436 301 317 352 426 276 368 378 406 505 417 New R England Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor air temperature. Cooling degree-days are • P 2 Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000. Year 1 2 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Notes: able 1.10 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ormal eather stations is used to calculate State-wide degree-day averages based on resident State population. eginning in 2002, data are weighted by the 2000 population. The population-weighted State figures are ggregated into Census divisions and the national average. aily temperature of 78 eviations above the mean daily temperature of 65 1986 2002 2000 1950 1965 2008 1997 1978 2011 2004 1984 2003 1998 1992 1975 1990 1982 1988 1960 1977 1995 1976 2009 1949 2007 1994 2001 1985 2006 1970 1989 1980 1999 2005 1981 1983 1991 2010 1955 1979 1993 1996 1987 N d d w B a T

44 2010 4 Defense 41.5 Other Non-Defense 2005 6.7 2000 Transportation 1995 8.3 Agriculture was October 1 through September 30, except in 1990 8.3 Interior 1985 1980 10.1 NASA³ 1975 0 400 800 Source: Table 1.11. Note: The U.S. Government’s fiscal year 1,600 1,200 Trillion Btu 1975 and 1976 when it was July 1 through June 30. 10.5 HHS² U.S. Department of Defense and Non-Defense Agencies, Fiscal Years 1975-2011 2010 13.9 Justice 2005 2000 18.5 GSA¹ Defense U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Non-Defense 1995 30.6 Affairs Veterans 1990 1985 33.4 Energy 1980 44.4 Postal Service 1975 0 800 400 0 20 10 30 50 40 1,200 1,600 General Services Administration. See Table 1.11 for list of agencies. Health and Human Services. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Trillion Btu 1 3 4 2 Trillion Btu Non-Defense Agencies, Fiscal Year 2011 Total and U.S. Department of Defense, Fiscal Years 1975-2011 24 Figure 1.11 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency

45 25 l; 4 g g 0 d e g n al ts ar 993.8 Total 1,090.9 1,112.0 1,116.6 1,003.0 1,178.2 1,116.2 1,161.6 1,108.5 1,136.3 1,085.3 1,092.0 1,011.6 1,037.9 1,071.5 1,044.8 1,129.3 1,187.0 1,246.8 1,360.3 1,450.3 1,294.8 1,424.2 1,464.7 1,438.0 1,466.3 1,451.4 1,360.9 1,383.4 1,371.2 1,482.5 1,406.7 1,431.8 1,565.0 1,461.7 1,398.5 1,375.4 R R 4 36.5 42.8 41.5 33.2 36.2 21.0 17.1 37.2 39.2 21.6 36.6 20.3 20.6 17.9 33.2 19.8 21.4 18.5 11.2 10.7 10.8 16.2 11.9 15.8 18.1 10.8 10.5 11.9 17.5 11.1 12.3 12.4 15.6 11.6 15.7 13.1 12.3 R R Other 30.2 29.9 30.6 27.7 27.3 30.5 30.0 26.8 28.9 30.0 25.4 27.6 29.9 25.6 27.5 27.0 27.7 29.3 25.3 26.3 25.1 24.8 24.2 24.6 25.0 24.0 24.9 27.1 26.2 25.1 25.0 26.8 25.7 24.1 25.9 24.9 25.7 Totals may not equal sum of componen • Affairs Veterans Data in this table are developed using the followin • 5.7 4.3 6.7 5.6 5.6 5.0 4.6 6.4 5.2 18.7 18.5 19.1 19.8 22.6 21.2 19.6 18.3 17.8 19.8 19.0 19.4 19.0 20.6 19.6 19.4 19.1 19.4 20.4 18.5 18.7 19.5 17.0 19.2 19.3 19.0 18.8 19.6 Trans- portation 42.3 44.2 44.4 35.0 47.0 51.8 41.6 45.8 39.5 43.3 36.4 50.9 43.4 36.2 53.5 40.8 39.8 50.5 30.6 31.7 32.7 27.8 30.8 28.5 30.9 30.5 27.5 33.7 30.0 28.0 27.2 27.7 29.6 27.9 30.3 26.5 29.3 R Postal Service 3 9.9 10.1 10.2 10.1 10.2 11.1 12.4 10.2 10.3 12.6 11.5 10.8 11.4 10.9 12.0 11.7 10.7 10.6 12.4 13.4 10.6 10.0 12.6 10.1 12.4 10.9 11.3 12.4 11.2 12.4 10.4 12.5 11.3 12.0 10.3 11.2 11.1 Data include energy consumed at foreign installations and in foreign operations, includin NASA • For 1975 and 1976, the U.S. Government’s fiscal year was July 1 through June 30. Beginnin • Web Page: See http://www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/regulations/facility_reporting.html for relate Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Feder Notes: 8.1 5.8 6.4 5.4 8.2 5.9 9.1 7.7 5.7 5.7 5.5 9.4 5.9 7.0 7.5 8.6 8.0 5.9 6.4 15.7 16.5 13.9 19.7 17.7 15.8 17.5 10.3 18.8 12.0 22.7 10.2 23.5 18.9 12.1 15.4 19.7 20.7 information. in 1977, the U.S. Government’s fiscal year is October 1 through September 30 (for example, fiscal ye 2011 is October 2010 through September 2011). motor gasoline: 5.250 million Btu/barrel; electricity: 3,412 Btu/kilowatthour; and purchased steam: 1,00 due to independent rounding. million Btu/barrel; jet fuel: 5.460 million Btu/barrel; liquefied petroleum gases: 4.011 million Btu/barre Btu/pound. Btu/short ton; natural gas: 1,031 Btu/cubic foot; aviation gasoline: 5.250 million Btu/barrel; fuel oil: 5.825 for electricity generation and uranium enrichment is excluded. conversion factors (which in most cases are different from those in Tables A1-A6)—coal: 24.580 millio aviation and ocean bunkering, primarily by the U.S. Department of Defense. U.S. Government energy us Energy Management Program. R Justice 8.3 7.9 8.3 7.9 9.4 7.9 7.0 9.4 7.1 6.4 9.5 8.7 7.4 9.2 7.5 8.6 7.1 8.5 7.0 7.6 6.4 8.2 6.6 8.1 6.6 7.8 8.2 7.5 6.9 7.4 9.5 7.7 7.8 7.5 8.4 4.3 10.4 Interior 2 7.1 6.0 8.5 6.2 6.2 6.4 8.0 9.9 6.6 7.9 9.3 6.4 6.1 6.7 6.7 6.6 7.2 9.6 8.0 6.4 6.4 7.1 6.5 8.8 7.4 6.2 6.9 6.8 6.7 7.5 6.5 6.0 10.3 10.8 10.5 10.1 10.5 HHS U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 18.8 18.6 18.5 22.3 19.6 16.2 14.4 20.4 14.0 17.6 19.1 14.4 13.1 14.1 12.4 14.5 18.2 16.1 18.1 20.6 12.7 18.4 18.4 20.4 13.7 17.5 18.1 14.0 20.7 18.0 18.3 13.8 17.5 14.0 19.6 14.1 18.8 GSA 31.7 31.1 33.4 44.2 50.4 30.7 44.3 27.0 49.6 51.6 31.4 47.3 42.1 49.0 47.3 43.5 31.6 29.6 50.3 31.1 42.1 49.5 43.4 52.2 32.9 44.6 47.4 49.9 50.1 43.1 48.5 31.5 31.5 46.9 30.5 51.6 31.5 R Energy 874.3 889.3 890.3 864.6 904.5 926.0 837.5 977.0 810.7 960.7 880.0 779.1 933.2 893.0 902.3 837.1 843.7 787.2 R R 1,183.3 1,048.8 1,360.2 1,165.8 1,104.0 1,222.8 1,248.3 1,269.3 1,264.5 1,157.8 1,175.8 1,274.4 1,280.5 1,192.3 1,183.1 1,250.6 1,292.1 1,239.5 1,241.7 Defense 8.3 9.1 6.6 6.8 7.3 6.8 8.9 7.9 7.8 6.8 8.7 9.6 7.4 7.5 9.3 9.6 9.2 6.8 7.0 9.1 9.3 7.7 9.5 9.4 7.6 7.8 7.2 9.0 8.4 7.9 7.9 7.4 9.1 7.4 8.6 7.4 6.5 Agriculture P Includes National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Tennessee National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Health and Human Services. General Services Administration. 4 2 1 3 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. able 1.11 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency, Fiscal Years 1975-2011 epartment of the Treasury, Small Business Administration, Office of Personnel Management, Central elations Board, Securities and Exchange Commission, National Capital Planning Commission, Office of ourt Services and Offender Supervision Agency, Federal Housing Finance Agency, National Labor mployment Opportunity Commission, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, U.S. Department of State, U.S. pecial Counsel, and Peace Corps and Broadcasting Board of Governors. alley Authority, U.S. Department of Labor, National Science Foundation, Federal Trade Commission, ecurity, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Railroad Retirement Board, Equal ederal Communications Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Department of Homeland Year 007 994 993 009 981 002 996 989 987 991 011 977 984 006 997 998 986 980 999 983 978 992 003 979 005 010 976 004 988 000 995 001 985 990 982 975 008 (Trillion Btu) ntelligence Agency, Consumer Product Safety Commission, Social Security Administration, U.S. nformation Agency (International Broadcasting Bureau), Corporation for National Community Service, 1 D 1 I F I V C 2 R 1 S 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 S 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 E 1 T 2

46 2 1 1.12 2010 2011 Jet Fuel 1.11 Fuel Oil 1.09 2009 Motor Gasoline 2005 1.12 1.09 2007 2000 1.07 1.16 2005 1.19 1995 1.14 2003 1.04 1990 1.00 2001 0.99 1985 1.01 1999 1.04 1.09 1997 1980 1.11 1.13 1995 1975 0.2 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.6 1.18 Quadrillion Btu and 1976 when it was July 1 through June 30. Source: Table 1.12. 1.25 1993 By Selected Petroleum Product 1.29 2010 1.46 1991 Coal 1.44 Electricity Petroleum 1.46 1989 2005 Natural Gas 1.36 1.47 1987 2000 1.41 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1.45 1985 1995 1.48 1.43 1983 1.45 1990 1.42 1981 1.37 1985 1.38 1979 1.36 1980 1.40 1977 1.38 1.57 1975 1975 0.2 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.4 1.0 0.0 Includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil. 1.2 0.6 0.9 1.5 0.0 1.8 0.3 Quadrillion Btu Note: U.S. Government’s fiscal year was October 1 through September 30, except in 1975 2 1 Quadrillion Btu Total U.S. Government Energy Consumption 26 By Major Energy Source Figure 1.12 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Source, Fiscal Years 1975-2011

47 27 y 4 0 e g d ts or 993.8 Total 1,112.0 1,090.9 1,116.6 1,398.5 1,003.0 1,294.8 1,071.5 1,246.8 1,044.8 1,371.2 1,161.6 1,424.2 1,482.5 1,450.3 1,451.4 1,178.2 1,438.0 1,085.3 1,375.4 1,565.0 1,406.7 1,431.8 1,011.6 1,116.2 1,360.9 1,129.3 1,464.7 1,466.3 1,037.9 1,383.4 1,092.0 1,187.0 1,108.5 1,461.7 1,360.3 1,136.3 R R 6 6.4 6.2 6.8 6.2 4.6 5.1 5.7 9.0 7.1 16.8 16.1 17.4 14.1 21.5 21.6 18.2 13.7 22.5 18.8 19.1 16.4 20.1 20.6 32.0 13.9 19.2 18.2 18.6 17.7 18.6 18.3 13.9 10.1 22.5 18.5 23.9 20.2 R R Steam Purchased and Other Totals may not equal sum of componen • 195.1 191.5 195.9 167.2 141.9 192.7 169.9 188.8 180.4 141.5 194.9 192.5 193.6 188.6 184.5 155.9 189.1 144.5 190.9 193.6 141.2 184.0 195.9 181.8 155.8 196.1 194.0 185.3 193.1 151.5 147.5 193.2 139.3 141.0 195.4 171.2 141.1 R R Electricity 750.7 731.7 759.0 789.6 790.2 703.5 952.4 642.9 760.3 724.5 876.8 622.9 817.8 686.1 744.4 650.9 712.2 672.8 733.2 843.9 758.8 Total R R 1,050.7 1,093.8 1,054.6 1,011.8 1,069.9 1,054.5 1,174.2 1,002.9 1,061.1 1,082.8 1,021.7 1,066.2 1,016.4 1,032.4 1,042.1 1,013.1 5 47.7 51.3 52.5 60.1 37.2 31.9 34.5 51.6 51.2 41.1 50.4 27.6 43.1 45.7 53.2 56.5 63.2 43.5 42.5 34.1 46.0 43.1 60.4 29.5 53.1 41.2 41.3 43.9 61.4 48.2 45.3 41.1 47.8 39.0 48.1 35.6 59.1 R R Motor Gasoline Data include energy consumed at foreign installations and in foreign operations, includin • 4 Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Federal Energ Web Page: See http://www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/regulations/facility_reporting.html for relate 3 4.8 4.7 4.0 6.4 4.3 3.9 4.6 7.9 4.0 5.6 3.2 5.6 6.0 4.7 9.4 3.0 9.0 3.7 4.1 4.0 4.7 5.7 2.9 6.6 9.0 9.3 3.9 4.1 3.7 4.0 6.0 Btu/pound. due to independent rounding. gasoline: 5.250 million Btu/barrel; electricity: 3,412 Btu/kilowatthour; and purchased steam: 1,00 aviation and ocean bunkering, primarily by the U.S. Department of Defense. U.S. Government energy us million Btu/barrel; jet fuel: 5.460 million Btu/barrel; liquefied petroleum gases: 4.011 million Btu/barrel; mot for electricity generation and uranium enrichment is excluded. Management Program. information. Btu/short ton; natural gas: 1,031 Btu/cubic foot; aviation gasoline: 5.250 million Btu/barrel; fuel oil: 5.825 13.3 11.4 17.2 21.7 11.4 10.9 R LPG and Other Petroleum 505.6 535.8 533.6 774.5 705.7 472.9 445.5 610.0 693.7 619.2 517.9 550.7 461.1 702.3 673.4 617.2 508.2 601.1 710.2 612.4 444.7 628.2 415.2 475.7 522.3 707.4 732.4 672.7 492.2 618.6 524.3 442.6 761.7 638.7 653.3 403.1 513.0 Jet Fuel 2 164.8 158.4 167.3 198.5 181.4 207.8 349.4 327.1 239.8 245.2 180.1 178.5 170.6 351.3 332.3 259.8 329.5 162.2 200.6 211.4 189.8 342.9 348.5 174.6 329.7 284.8 307.7 165.7 292.6 232.6 376.0 177.0 271.6 187.0 245.3 171.4 319.5 R R Fuel Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .4 .3 .9 .2 .4 .2 .1 .4 .3 .6 .5 .7 .4 .2 .8 .6 .4 .3 .2 .3 .2 .2 1.4 4.7 3.6 1.0 4.9 2.6 1.9 6.2 8.8 1.9 4.6 6.0 1.0 11.6 22.0 Data in this table are developed using the following Aviation • Gasoline 1 129.3 131.4 125.7 128.9 134.0 154.1 137.6 140.7 151.8 144.7 134.8 149.9 134.1 149.7 147.8 144.6 152.4 139.7 148.9 135.1 141.2 154.0 140.9 146.2 159.4 145.6 143.9 132.0 152.9 147.3 133.9 142.2 157.4 166.2 151.2 130.8 147.4 Gas R R Natural 18.6 66.0 23.5 20.8 64.8 38.3 44.3 51.7 68.6 63.8 22.5 17.1 71.3 20.3 18.8 62.4 21.2 60.2 31.7 48.7 16.9 65.1 23.3 17.7 35.0 17.4 20.4 68.4 23.9 20.1 65.1 67.0 77.9 45.9 63.5 65.3 22.7 Coal For 1975 and 1976, the U.S. Government’s fiscal year was July 1 through June 30. Beginning • P Other types of fuel used in vehicles and equipment, primarily alternative fuels like methanol, ethanol, Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. "Other" is chilled water, renewable energy, and other fuels reported as used in facilities. Liquefied petroleum gases. Distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil. 1 4 3 6 5 2 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Notes: able 1.12 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Source, Fiscal Years 1975-2011 Year 978 005 987 010 975 011 is October 2010 through September 2011). 985 980 990 989 003 998 981 000 995 009 977 007 997 994 986 999 004 011 001 983 982 993 996 979 002 976 006 992 991 988 984 008 onversion factors (which in most cases are different from those in Tables A1–A6)—coal: 24.580 million ompressed natural gas, and biodiesel. (Trillion Btu) n 1977, the U.S. Government’s fiscal year is October 1 through September 30 (for example, fiscal year 2 1 c 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 i 1 2 1 2 2 c 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 T 1

48 3 14 1,117 13 Total 1,112 13 Coal, Purchased 1,136 Steam, and Other 3 36 57 fuel used in vehicles and 37 56 Natural Gas² 40 63 Coal, Purchased Steam, and Other 126 92 thanol, ethanol, compressed natural gas, and All Other Agencies 92 129 Electricity Natural Gas² 95 140 roleum gas, and other types of 196 64 195 62 Electricity Petroleum¹ 63 196 2011 2011 759 2010 Aviation gasoline, liquefied pet 2010 Source: Table 1.13. Note: The U.S. Government’s fiscal year runs from October 1 through September 30. 6 751 Total biodiesel. equipment, primarily alternative fuels like me Petroleum¹ 2003 760 2003 3 6 6 22 5 24 All Other Petroleum 7 28 Coal, Purchased Steam, and Other 53 5 69 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 73 Motor Gasoline Natural Gas² 46 77 4 167 104 158 Department of Defense 103 Fuel Oil Electricity 190 101 534 695 536 689 Jet Fuel Petroleum¹ 518 697 0 0 200 800 600 400 200 600 400 800 1,200 1,000 Includes small amount of renewable energy; see Table 1.13, footnote 8. Includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Chilled water, renewable energy, and other fuels reported as used in facilities. Distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Trillion Btu Trillion Btu 3 5 2 4 1 By Agency 28 By Source Figure 1.13 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency and Source, Fiscal Years 2003, 2010, and 2011

49 29 y s y 0 d d r; in e. m or 4 4.8 6.6 Total 129.3 51.3 195.1 158.4 16.8 750.7 1,112.0 R R R R R R .9 . .3 533.6 4.7 17.7 535.8 195.9 52.5 167.3 125.7 1,116.6 759.0 17.4 18.6 139.7 189.8 22.5 45.7 760.3 196.1 20.1 517.9 1,136.3 R Totals ma • 4 1.4 4.7 9.5 8.5 42.8 13.3 23.4 (s) (s) R R R R .5 .3 4.0 .3 0.0 5.1 41.5 5.0 1.5 21.6 9.5 13.4 7.3 .0 10.7 4.2 1.2 4.1 .3 10.5 20.3 .0 5.2 36.2 R R R Other Data in this table are develope • 11.1 .0 .0 .0 .1 .0 .1 0.2 .0 30.2 2.3 1.1 1.7 1.1 11.4 30.6 15.1 .1 .9 15.6 1.1 1.9 .9 1.7 14.9 10.2 2.1 2.8 .1 .0 30.5 2.0 (s) R Affairs Veterans (s) 4.0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) .5 .1 0.0 .5 5.7 6.7 .7 1.1 .8 4.1 .1 .4 .0 .6 .3 .7 .2 .7 .3 3.2 1.5 1.6 .0 .6 5.6 R R Trans- portation Data include energy consumed at foreign installations and • 42.3 .0 .0 .0 .0 .3 .3 .2 0.0 .0 17.8 44.4 6.3 15.4 .7 20.5 4.9 16.9 .5 4.6 10.4 .7 14.5 5.1 4.5 12.9 18.2 19.4 21.7 .0 50.9 (s) (s) R Postal Service 3 .8 5.4 (s) (s) (s) R .1 .7 .1 .1 0.0 .8 1.1 .0 .2 5.4 10.1 2.5 .1 1.1 10.1 2.9 2.6 .1 .2 .8 .4 .3 1.2 1.4 5.8 .0 .6 10.8 R NASA 15.7 Beginning in 1977, the U.S. Government’s fiscal year is October 1 through September 30 (f .6 .1 .2 .1 0.0 .1 .2 .1 4.2 4.1 .3 .0 .4 3.0 5.3 13.9 4.5 6.8 .3 2.8 .7 8.6 .4 .1 5.4 6.5 7.0 3.4 .0 1.5 22.7 (s) R • Justice Includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Chilled water, renewable energy, and other fuels reported as used in facilities. 9 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.05 trillion. Notes: Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Federal Energ Web Page: See http://www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/regulations/facility_reporting.html for relate 10 compressed natural gas, and biodiesel. gases: 4.011 million Btu/barrel; motor gasoline: 5.250 million Btu/barrel; electricity: 3,412 Btu/kilowatthou not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. information. U.S. Government energy use for electricity generation and uranium enrichment is excluded. example, fiscal year 2011 is October 2010 through September 2011). Management Program. foreign operations, including aviation and ocean bunkering, primarily by the U.S. Department of Defens and purchased steam: 1,000 Btu/pound. million Btu/barrel; fuel oil: 5.8254 million Btu/barrel; jet fuel: 5.460 million Btu/barrel; liquefied petroleu A1-A6)—coal: 24.580 million Btu/short ton; natural gas: 1,031 Btu/cubic foot; aviation gasoline: 5.25 using the following conversion factors (which in most cases are different from those in Table 2.7 .2 .4 .7 2.0 2.7 8.3 .0 3.7 .7 1.4 1.2 2.4 1.2 1.1 1.3 .1 2.1 1.3 .8 8.3 2.4 3.8 4.4 0.0 .1 8.2 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) R Interior 2 .1 .1 .1 5.9 .9 .6 .2 .0 .0 .2 10.5 3.5 .0 .6 5.9 1.3 3.7 .9 .2 .5 10.3 .1 3.4 3.6 1.5 .8 0.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 10.1 (s) HHS 1 9.5 7.1 .0 .1 18.5 .0 1.8 .1 .0 .2 .1 1.8 .1 7.0 7.6 .1 .1 1.8 18.8 9.9 .2 .2 10.0 0.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 19.6 (s) (s) (s) GSA U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .2 31.7 17.1 7.4 17.9 2.4 3.6 33.4 .4 .4 4.2 .0 .2 .7 .4 7.1 1.6 2.0 .9 7.0 .6 1.6 .1 18.0 2.8 3.0 2.0 4.5 .0 .2 31.6 (s) (s) R R R Energy 889.3 8.8 103.2 (s) 146.1 14.3 104.1 526.7 695.3 68.6 19.7 8.0 890.3 .2 16.5 12.2 72.9 138.2 166.5 18.6 76.6 101.1 688.8 697.1 15.5 15.4 529.0 .2 509.9 902.3 R R R 2.6 2.7 4.2 Defense (s) (s) (s) (s) .6 1.8 2.6 .9 .1 0.0 1.7 4.6 .4 8.3 .2 .4 .3 2.2 .6 .3 2.2 1.4 .4 1.4 .7 3.2 3.3 1.9 2.6 .0 .0 7.7 6.8 Agriculture 10 8 9 5 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Resource 6 P P P P P P P P P P P and Other and Fiscal Years 7 Includes National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Tennessee Other types of fuel used in vehicles and equipment, primarily alternative fuels like methanol, ethanol, Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. General Services Administration. Liquefied petroleum gases. Distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil. Health and Human Services. 7 4 2 8 6 3 5 1 2011 2010 ... 2003 ... 2003 ... 2003 ... 2003 ... 2010 ... 2010 ... 2003 ... 2010 ... 2010 ... 2010 ... 2003 ... 2003 ... 2010 ... 2010 ... 2011 2003 ... 2011 2010 ... 2003 ... 2010 ... 2003 ... 2011 2010 ... 2003 ... 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 able 1.13 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency and Source, Fiscal Years 2003, 2010, and 2011 atural Gas oal epartment of the Treasury, Office of Personnel Management, Consumer Product Safety Commission, entral Intelligence Agency, Social Security Administration, U.S. Information Agency (International etroleum pecial Counsel, and Peace Corps and Broadcasting Board of Governors. upervision Agency, Federal Housing Finance Agency, National Labor Relations Board, Small Business alley Authority, U.S. Department of Labor, National Science Foundation, Federal Trade Commission, roadcasting Bureau), Corporation for National Community Service, Court Services and Offender dministration, Securities and Exchange Commission, National Capital Planning Commission, Office of lectricity mployment Opportunity Commission, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, U.S. Department of State, U.S. urchased Steam and Other ecurity, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Railroad Retirement Board, Equal otal Energy ederal Communications Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Department of Homeland (Trillion Btu) Motor Gasoline LPG Aviation Gasoline Fuel Oil Jet Fuel F B V S P D C P C S N A E T S T E

50 2011 14 2010 Natural Gas Plant Liquids 2009 21 2008 Natural Gas 2007 32 2006 Crude Oil and Lease Condensate 2005 43 Coal 2004 2003 0 9 0 Source: Table 1.14. 40 30 20 36 27 18 45 10 50 Percent Percent Federal and American Indian Lands Fossil Fuels Sales as Share of Total U.S. Fossil Fuels Production, By Source, Fiscal Year¹ 2011 U.S. Fossil Fuels Production, Fiscal Years¹ 2003-2011 Federal and American Indian Lands Fossil Fuels Sales as Share of Total 2011 2011 Coal Natural Gas 2010 2010 2009 2009 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Natural Gas Plant Liquids 2008 2008 Crude Oil and Lease Condensate om October 1 through September 30. The fiscal 2007 2007 2006 2006 2005 2005 2004 2004 2003 2 4 0 8 6 2003 5 0 12 10 20 15 10 25 ¹ The U.S. Government’s fiscal year runs fr Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu Total, Fiscal Years¹ 2003-2011 30 Figure 1.14 Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and American Indian Lands By Source, Fiscal Years¹ 2003-2011 year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends.

51 31 . y e d ? n e n ), A ly ls al al rs tu m tu re or 4 34.3 37.2 33.6 36.2 37.0 34.2 33.9 34.0 30.3 R R R R R R R R Percent Share of Sales as Total U.S. Production Total 5,6 Fossil Fuels Btu 20.98 20.04 19.46 20.05 20.27 21.74 21.60 20.43 18.95 R R R R R R R R Sales Quadrillion Sales As Share of Total U.S 43.3 42.6 43.9 39.7 41.0 44.8 43.8 43.8 43.2 R R R R R R R R Percent Sales as Share of Total U.S. Production 3 9.31 9.57 9.89 9.62 9.58 9.78 9.81 9.47 Btu R R R R R R R 10.30 Coal R Calculated by the U.S. Energy Information Administratio 5,6 Quadrillion (May 2012), Table 3.1, are converted to Btu using the crud Sales 484 471 458 466 478 488 509 482 470 R R R R R R R R Million Short Tons 33.3 24.6 29.2 26.1 30.8 34.0 27.7 35.5 20.6 R R R R R R R R Percent Sales as Share of Total U.S. Production Monthly Energy Review (MER) 2 Calculated by EIA by dividing fiscal-year Btu data for sales by fiscal-year Btu data for tot 6.40 7.04 6.42 7.81 5.95 7.38 6.21 6.46 5.33 Btu R R R R R R R R 5,6 Quadrillion Natural Gas estimates are calculated by summing the October-September monthly Btu values for each fiscal year. F (EIA). Monthly estimates of the ONRR physical sales data are created by dividing the fiscal-year values b values for crude oil and lease condensate, natural gas plant liquids, natural gas, and coal. factors in Table A4; and coal production factors in Table A5). For the individual fuels, fiscal-year B Sales, Btu Data (Columns 2, 5, 8, 11, and 13): report=AllNonRevenueVolumesByCategoryAndCommodity&yeartype=FY&year=2011&datetype=PY. the MER (May 2012), Table 3.1, are converted to Btu using the natural gas plant liquids production facto total U.S. production, monthly values from the MER (May 2012), Table 6.1, are converted to Btu using th oil production factors in Table A2. For natural gas plant liquids total U.S. production, monthly values fro calculated by summing the October-September monthly Btu values for each fiscal year. For fossil fue Table 4.1, are converted to Btu using the natural gas marketed production factors in Table A4. For co total U.S. production, the fiscal-year Btu values are the sum of the fiscal-year total U.S. production B Production: values from the coal production factors in Table A5. For the individual fuels, fiscal-year total U.S. production Btu values a lease condensate, natural gas plant liquids, natural gas, and coal. U.S. production, then multiplying by 100. For crude oil and lease condensate total U.S. production, month total fossil fuels, the fiscal-year Btu estimates are the sum of the fiscal-year Btu values for crude oil an (crude oil and natural gas plants liquids production factors in Table A2; natural gas marketed productio in Table A2. For natural gas total U.S. marketed production, monthly values from the MER (May 2012 12. These monthly estimates are converted to Btu using the appropriate heat content factors in Appendix FY&year=2011&datetype=PY and http://www.onrr.gov/ONRRWebStats/Disbursements_Royalties.aspx Sales 5.85 5.82 6.68 7.08 5.42 5.64 5.83 6.38 4.86 R R R R R R R R Trillion Cubic Feet 15.4 15.9 13.8 14.2 15.0 16.0 14.9 16.6 14.3 R R R R R R R R Percent Share of Sales as Total U.S. Production 1 .39 .34 .39 .32 .42 .40 .36 .41 R R R R R R 0.35 Btu R 5,6 Quadrillion Natural Gas Plant Liquids U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 U.S. Department of the Interior, Office Sales 98 94 87 93 R R R R 105 106 107 115 111 R R R R Million Barrels 33.8 37.2 31.5 33.7 31.8 33.9 33.3 33.4 31.7 R R R R R R R R Percent Share of Sales as Total U.S. Production 3.34 3.76 3.72 4.00 4.29 3.94 3.65 3.37 3.74 Btu R R R R R R R R 5,6 Quadrillion Crude Oil and Lease Condensate Sales 689 575 680 739 646 629 649 582 642 R R R R R R R R Million Barrels Sales, Physical Data (Columns 1, 4, 7, and 10): 7 P Includes those quantities for which royalties were paid based on the value of the natural gas plant Sales and production volumes are for marketed production. See "Natural Gas Marketed Production" The U.S. Government’s fiscal year runs from October 1 through September 30. The fiscal year is Sales volumes are reported for the fiscal year in which the sales occurred as opposed to the date of Sales of fossil fuels produced in offshore and onshore areas the Federal Government owns or Excludes waste coal. See "Waste Coal" in Glossary. The sum of crude oil and lease condensate, natural gas plant liquids, natural gas, and coal. 3 4 7 2 5 1 6 Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. able 1.14 Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and American Indian Lands, Fiscal Years 2003-2011 Fiscal Year ave been adjusted to remove nitrogen (using unpublished ONRR data). See http://www. xempt from royalty payments, such as additions to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. f Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR), data for "Sales Year" (as opposed to "Accounting Year") esignated by the calendar year in which it ends. as. dministers, including American Indian lands. aid were based on the value of natural gas processed. These latter quantities are included with natural nrr.gov/ONRRWebStats/Disbursements_Royalties.aspx?report=AllReportedRoyaltyRevenues&yeartype= evenue and non-revenue sales volumes (as of Feb. 6, 2012). For natural gas, the ONRR "Gas" data he royalty payment. Volumes include fossil fuels for which royalties were paid, as well as those amounts 2010 2009 2005 2006 2003 2004 2007 2011 2008 n Glossary. iquids produced. Additional quantities of natural gas plant liquids were produced; however, the royalties g i p l a o h r o d e T t

52 2010 0.3 Other² 2005 (s) Special Naphthas 0.1 leum 2000 Coke Petro- 0.3 cants Lubri- 1995 and 0.9 Asphalt Road Oil 1990 1.0 Petro- Feed- stocks chemical 1985 2.0 LPG¹ 1980 Source: Table 1.15. (s)=Less than 0.05 quadrillion Btu. Note: See Note 2, “Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels” at end of section. 1.2 1.8 0 2.4 6 9 3 0.6 0.0 Percent Quadrillion Btu By Petroleum Product, 2011 As Share of Total Energy Consumption, 1980-2011 2010 Total (s) Coal Natural Gas 2005 Petroleum Products Coal U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2000 0.4 Natural Gas 1995 1990 4.5 1985 Petroleum Products 1 2 5 4 3 0 1980 2 0 8 6 4 Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, waxes, and miscellaneous products. Liquefied petroleum gases and pentanes plus are aggregated to avoid disclosure of proprie- Quadrillion Btu 2 1 Quadrillion Btu By Fuel, 2011 Total, 1980-2011 32 Figure 1.15 Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels tary information.

53 33 f l, d el of 0. of to of an 5.1 6.4 5.5 5.2 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.0 6.1 5.2 6.2 6.0 5.2 5.9 6.4 6.2 5.6 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.1 Percent o – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Percent of Total Energy Consumption Petroleum Supply Annua – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4.93 4.18 5.67 4.91 5.05 5.83 5.37 4.87 6.16 5.92 5.16 5.88 6.12 5.68 5.59 5.05 5.66 5.13 5.75 5.80 6.43 5.40 6.07 5.78 Total R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Petroleum Statement, Annual 1981 forward—U.S. Department • .6 .6 .8 .8 .6 .6 .7 .7 .9 .9 .7 .6 .6 .9 .7 .9 .4 .7 .8 .9 .6 .02 .03 .03 .02 .02 .03 .02 1.2 .03 .03 .03 .02 .02 .01 .02 .04 .03 .02 .02 .03 .02 1.1 2.4 .02 .02 .03 0.08 Coal 1981 forward—EIA, • Totals may not equal sum of components due 1980—Bureau of the Census, 1980 Survey • • 4 .41 398 .52 .69 .41 398 710 736 .58 .71 .70 740 .41 640 567 528 695 683 398 463 .76 398 398 .41 .41 .76 .74 .48 398 .73 .63 606 718 .54 .41 592 .61 .66 657 762 673 500 573 639 .68 .59 .79 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 0.65 Natural Gas: Gas Natural 1980—EIA, Energy Data Reports, • Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 2008. Derived by dividing total by total consumption on Table 1.3. 996 972 795 719 966 922 887 996 989 955 R R R R R R R R R 4.50 3.63 4.95 4.68 5.15 5.64 4.14 5.59 5.26 4.44 4.62 4.85 4.73 4.73 5.37 5.03 5.37 4.52 5.19 5.34 4.91 5.23 5.13 4.48 Total 1,114 1,073 1,056 1,015 1,078 1,108 1,151 1,019 1,034 1,089 1,092 1,013 1,166 1,064 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1980 forward—EIA estimates based on the methodology underlying the nonfu • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#summary for all data beginning in 198 • Hydrocarbon, Coal, and Coke Materials Consumed. Coal: Petroleum Products: 3 38 34 41 36 37 44 39 39 40 34 38 41 39 44 43 41 35 33 33 34 35 58 41 35 .24 .22 .20 .24 .24 .22 .21 .21 .23 .26 .22 .23 .20 .24 .26 .23 .20 .20 .20 .25 .20 .24 .20 5 0.34 Other Web Pages: Sources: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/environment/. • non-combustion use in this table are considered industrial uses with the exception of approximately half independent rounding. Manufactures, emissions calculations in EIA’s Commerce. the lubricants which are considered transportation use. Total Energy Consumption: Sales of Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Ethane in 1980. annual reports, and unpublished data. Quadrillion Btu 4 9 5 Physical Units 19 15 12 20 20 17 20 28 15 15 13 16 10 20 13 14 14 15 37 20 30 .05 .11 .10 .06 .15 .08 .07 .08 .10 .08 .08 .09 .10 .05 .02 .11 .10 .03 .07 .08 .16 .07 .07 0.19 Special Naphthas Estimates of • 24 31 29 37 20 20 35 17 33 36 36 25 16 11 18 10 30 21 28 20 14 16 15 20 R R R R R R R R R R .22 .17 .10 .18 .12 .17 .21 .22 .15 .23 .11 .20 .12 .19 .06 .15 .12 .11 .06 .12 .13 .10 .09 R R R R R R R 0.09 Coke R Petroleum 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 238 229 185 144 199 203 214 216 224 215 217 250 252 210 243 214 247 287 266 265 242 .82 187 253 196 Petroleum Products R 1.26 1.59 1.17 1.21 1.37 1.35 1.27 1.40 1.20 1.22 1.21 1.19 1.03 1.48 1.35 1.15 1.47 1.33 1.09 1.12 1.04 1.43 1.40 Petro- chemical Feedstocks 48 52 61 60 62 53 51 61 42 58 55 53 51 48 52 55 55 57 54 56 43 58 46 58 .32 .29 .33 .35 .36 .34 .33 .35 .26 .37 .31 .34 .29 .31 .32 .25 .31 .31 .37 .34 .35 .28 .37 0.35 Lubricants See Note 2, "Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels," at end of • 1 521 448 426 566 .96 498 278 545 502 581 532 483 536 526 492 479 501 373 436 511 526 485 484 575 230 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 2.02 1.83 1.55 1.33 1.85 1.85 1.78 1.80 1.72 1.70 1.80 1.96 1.76 1.52 1.87 1.61 2.04 1.86 1.92 1.75 1.98 0.78 1.73 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Gases Liquefied Petroleum .86 132 190 130 .88 178 189 145 152 190 176 200 156 177 187 199 196 184 176 .87 192 174 184 132 166 180 162 and R R 1.15 1.01 1.26 1.30 1.17 1.17 1.18 1.32 1.26 1.22 1.20 0.96 1.08 1.03 1.26 1.10 1.32 1.24 1.18 1.28 1.22 Asphalt Estimates of consumption for non-combustion use shown in this table are included in total Road Oil • Because of changes in methodology, data series may be revised annually. • P P U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) has altered the methodology for the natural gas Liquefied petroleum gases and pentanes plus are aggregated to avoid disclosure of proprietary Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, waxes, and miscellaneous products. Petroleum—million barrels; natural gas—billion cubic feet; and coal—million short tons. Includes still gas not burned as refinery fuel. 3 2 4 1 5 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – – =Not applicable. Notes: able 1.15 Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels, Selected Years, 1980-2011 Year 996 007 010 003 002 992 nergy consumption (see Table 1.3). 999 008 006 991 005 007 995 990 980 992 002 985 004 994 991 995 011 993 998 005 990 010 001 996 008 001 985 009 009 993 006 980 997 999 000 997 011 003 004 000 stimates. The estimates are linearly interpolated between Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey 994 998 ection. MECS) years and held constant until data are available for the most recent MECS year. nformation. 2 s 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 i 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 e 2 ( 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 e 2 1 T 1

54 Most fossil fuels consumed in the cles and various industrial processes; efied petroleum gases are used to create making plastics; lubricants, including ting electricity generation to Btu using the fference between the fossil-fuel equivalent e A6. The “Adjustment for Fossil Fuel petrochemical feedstocks are used to make plastics, synthetic fabrics, and related “Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States,” Chapter 2, at products; and natural gas is used to make nitrogenous fertilizers and as feedstock in the chemical industry. Estimates of non-combustion use of fossil fuels are http://www.eia.gov/environment/emissions/ghg_report/. based on the methodology underlying the nonfuel emissions calculations in EIA’s equivalent value is determined by conver some are used directly for non-combustion use as construction materials, lubri- United States and elsewhere are combusted to produce heat and power. However, intermediate products that are used in Note 2. Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels. For more information, see Appendix F. value of electricity generated and "captured" electricity generation. average fossil-fuel heat rate from Tabl motor oil and greases, are used in vehi Equivalence” is then calculated as the di oil are used for roofing and paving; liqu cants, chemical feedstocks, solvents, and waxes. For example, asphalt and road e energy losses that would U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Noncombustible renewable energy renewable energy is reported as the bustible renewable resources had been mix in a given year. The fossil-fuel , residential and commercial self-generated udes the electricity generated from noncombusti- equivalence represents th Noncombustible Renewable Energy. Note 1. 34 Energy Overview total primary consumption of noncombustible conversion factor of 3,412 Btu/kWh) and the direct consumption of noncombustible includes: solar thermal direct use energy actually "captured" for final use. It incl Captured energy represents the energy from noncombustible renewable resources that is sum of “Captured Energy” and the “Adjustment for Fossil Fuel Equivalence.” photovoltaic energy, geothermal energy from heat pumps, and direct use of geother- renewable energy. Direct consumption of noncombustible renewable energy is the sum of hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar/PV, and wind. In Table 1.3, mal energy. The adjustment for fossil-fuel ble resources (i.e., net generation from Table 8.2a converted to Btu using the energy have occurred if electricity from noncom generated using the average fossil-fuel

55 2. Energy Consumption by Sector

56 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

57 37 , Tables 1.3, Annual Energy Review 2011 forms of energy (for example, coal is used to first accounted for in a statistical energy balance, Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants whose primary business is to Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Notes: Primary energy in the form that it is 7 before any transformation to secondary or tertiary generate electricity). • Sum of components may not equal total due to independent rounding. imports not shown under “Source.” sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Includes 0.1 quadrillion Btu of electricity net 2.1b-2.1f , 10.3, and 10.4. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (Quadrillion Btu) Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum—biofuels are included in Includes industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. Conventional hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar/photovoltaic, wind, and biomass. Includes less than 0.1 quadrillion Btu of coal coke net imports. Excludes supplemental gaseous fuels. Includes commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only 3 1 4 2 5 6 “Renewable Energy." plants. Figure 2.0 Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector, 2011

58 2010 Coal Petroleum Power Nuclear Electric 2000 1 Industrial 1990 Energy Renewable Commercial 31% 19% 1980 1970 22% Natural Gas 28% 1960 Residential Transportation 1950 0 5 Sources: Tables 2.1a and 2.1f. 25 20 15 10 Quadrillion Btu Electric Power Sector, 1949-2011 End-Use Sector Shares of Total Consumption, 2011 2010 Industrial 39.3 Residential Commercial Electric Power 2000 27.1 Transportation U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 27.0 1990 Transportation Total Consumption 30.6 1980 Industrial 20.3 18.0 1970 4.1 Commercial Primary Consumption 1960 21.6 6.6 Residential 1950 0 50 10 20 30 40 0 20 10 40 30 Conventional hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar/photovoltaic, wind, and biomass. Note: • See “Primary Energy Consumption” in Glossary. • Sum of components may not 1 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu 38 Total Consumption by End-Use Sector, 1949-2011 Primary and Total Consumption by Sector, 2011 Figure 2.1a Energy Consumption Estimates by Sector Overview equal 100 percent due to independent rounding.

59 39 2010 2010 Energy Renewable Electricity² Petroleum Petroleum Natural Gas Electrical Losses¹ 2000 2000 Natural Gas 1990 1990 Renewable Energy 1980 1980 Coal 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 2 0 6 5 0 8 4 Sources: Tables 2.1b–2.1e. ² Electricity retail sales. 12 20 15 10 30 10 25 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu Transportation, By Major Source Commercial, By Major Source 2010 2010 Electricity² Petroleum Electricity² Petroleum Coal Natural Gas Electrical Losses¹ 2000 2000 Electrical Losses¹ Natural Gas U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 Renewable Energy Coal 1980 1980 1970 Renewable Energy 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 2 8 6 4 0 2 0 8 4 6 12 10 12 10 Quadrillion Btu ¹ Electrical system energy losses associated with the generation, transmission, and distribu- Quadrillion Btu Residential, By Major Source Industrial, By Major Source Figure 2.1b Energy Consumption Estimates by End-Use Sector, 1949-2011 tion of energy in the form of electricity.

60 g d m 8. of 8 Total 94,022 76,632 84,438 79,950 75,975 91,029 82,709 77,961 76,106 76,647 72,971 94,602 73,099 80,859 96,652 85,783 84,786 97,301 99,275 97,722 98,814 97,645 99,629 94,559 87,424 89,091 97,978 95,018 84,485 96,168 71,965 76,392 79,054 78,067 45,086 34,616 31,982 40,208 67,838 54,015 Primary R R R R R R 100,162 100,282 101,296 R R R 7 4 8 2 2 3 7 6 3 6 4 3 1 3 3 3 2 9 8 5 1 -9 -3 -1 -1 -3 -6 -6 -9 -4 -1 -6 R R -10 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Item Balancing 5 3,4 4,679 6,461 8,158 4,339 Power 34,485 39,346 30,856 32,399 30,723 33,479 24,614 26,988 38,062 28,227 26,227 36,976 24,269 22,551 31,847 34,886 24,425 23,943 23,553 21,473 36,225 25,635 23,979 26,032 37,215 30,495 38,062 39,626 Electric 29,869 38,077 38,016 40,377 38,713 39,978 39,428 39,638 11,012 16,253 20,270 Sector Primary 4 R 6 7,990 8,492 9,550 Total 27,079 24,437 22,118 22,318 20,617 25,256 20,088 19,514 26,548 19,822 21,469 20,472 22,478 23,366 26,275 24,750 23,846 19,101 19,656 22,768 25,949 22,420 26,994 19,089 19,697 22,415 19,177 20,789 29,117 26,842 27,466 27,071 28,008 27,895 28,830 28,353 12,432 16,098 18,245 10,596 R R R R 5 Transportation See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#consumption for updated monthly an • 8,383 9,474 7,880 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#consumption for all annual data beginnin 26,999 24,383 19,659 20,583 25,891 19,478 20,041 22,363 26,489 19,786 22,267 26,213 22,065 19,067 19,134 23,311 20,740 24,695 22,424 23,791 20,437 22,715 22,366 25,201 26,920 19,052 21,419 19,609 26,989 27,384 26,781 29,029 27,925 27,817 28,751 28,272 18,210 16,062 12,399 10,560 • Primary R R R R See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of Section • Primary energy consumption total. See Table 1.3. A balancing item. The sum of primary consumption in the five energy-use sectors equals the sum 7 8 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu and greater than -0.5 trillion Btu. Web Pages: Sources: Tables 1.3 and 2.1b–2.1f. 6 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. total consumption in the four end-use sectors. However, total energy consumption does not equal the su • of the sectoral components due to the use of sector-specific conversion factors for natural gas and coal. annual data. in 1949. Total 30,592 34,904 31,320 30,712 28,274 33,521 28,816 27,614 32,039 32,571 29,379 35,200 33,925 30,677 34,843 34,764 31,399 32,688 34,664 32,263 27,428 32,720 31,810 31,393 33,971 32,532 29,570 32,629 32,446 32,662 32,401 32,394 33,520 31,290 28,525 30,309 29,628 14,724 19,485 25,098 16,241 29,413 20,842 2 R R R R R R R R 5 Industrial 20,291 23,410 21,180 18,548 20,874 22,950 22,665 23,177 24,192 19,443 19,953 23,686 22,595 21,794 21,756 20,862 23,165 21,503 19,078 22,824 19,053 22,719 21,318 23,244 20,174 22,393 20,824 21,753 22,412 21,411 21,536 21,370 21,799 20,062 20,480 18,813 22,964 13,890 12,633 16,996 21,434 20,148 16,103 Primary R R R R R R R R 6 End-Use Sectors 3,895 3,669 4,609 3,893 8,346 5,845 9,492 1 Total 17,899 18,021 15,172 18,255 17,857 17,345 17,711 18,078 13,820 10,860 13,441 11,606 10,648 10,578 12,578 11,451 11,444 15,968 14,690 18,381 17,659 10,616 11,946 17,343 10,063 13,320 14,098 15,681 16,376 13,193 10,938 13,500 17,137 10,512 10,208 17,175 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 R R R R R 5 Commercial 4,061 4,090 4,273 4,132 3,922 4,039 3,747 4,258 3,840 4,053 3,693 3,896 4,371 4,016 4,283 3,774 4,105 4,059 4,309 4,232 4,366 4,101 4,001 3,973 4,005 4,051 4,278 3,837 3,864 4,237 4,073 3,991 3,994 3,177 4,043 4,295 4,084 3,945 3,732 2,561 2,834 2,723 2,669 R R R R Primary 6 5,989 9,039 7,278 5,599 Total 21,862 20,791 21,064 20,688 21,531 19,504 21,619 17,420 18,965 15,410 15,975 17,786 20,042 18,955 10,639 18,218 18,519 17,133 21,626 21,110 15,531 16,945 16,263 15,753 20,425 19,557 15,262 13,766 15,813 17,356 16,132 14,813 21,596 15,960 21,093 18,112 15,662 15,425 16,041 R R R R R 5 Residential 6,598 6,585 6,168 7,467 6,912 6,603 7,279 6,936 7,439 7,033 4,829 6,747 6,817 6,651 7,045 7,159 7,147 8,322 6,950 7,146 6,909 7,357 6,413 7,990 6,832 6,993 4,460 6,923 8,260 7,919 6,557 7,211 6,906 8,391 6,775 6,978 5,608 6,868 8,194 6,619 7,148 7,211 7,567 R R R R R Primary P Total energy consumption in the end-use sectors consists of primary energy consumption, electricity Industrial sector, including industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and Commercial sector, including commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. 4 5 6 2 3 1 able 2.1a Energy Consumption Estimates by Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 011 975 001 984 978 005 986 976 004 989 983 955 003 lectricity-only plants. 991 995 lants. 998 992 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. 960 010 008 980 997 000 977 979 002 994 965 993 982 007 999 996 950 988 981 970 990 006 987 009 949 985 ection. (Trillion Btu) etail sales, and electrical system energy losses. See Note, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end of ndependent power producers. 1 1 1 1 1 e 1 2 2 p 1 2 2 p 1 2 1 i 1 1 1 1 1 r 2 s 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 40

61 41 g d e of to er Total 7,278 9,039 5,599 5,989 20,688 20,791 21,862 21,064 21,531 19,504 21,596 20,425 17,356 10,639 21,619 18,112 18,965 17,786 18,519 16,945 18,218 17,420 20,042 18,955 19,557 15,662 15,410 17,133 21,110 14,813 21,093 21,626 13,766 16,132 15,753 15,262 16,263 15,531 15,425 15,960 15,975 15,813 16,041 R R R R R 9 911 913 9,909 9,562 8,344 9,197 7,212 1,701 1,232 2,367 7,677 8,686 7,414 7,129 8,026 8,875 7,235 7,693 8,261 9,074 9,691 4,817 6,274 5,571 5,895 4,950 6,087 5,866 6,729 5,267 6,438 5,564 9,546 3,852 6,031 9,789 5,752 6,184 Energy System 10,326 10,182 10,071 10,176 10,079 Losses Electrical R 8 993 687 438 246 228 4,933 4,611 4,317 3,694 4,750 4,708 3,193 4,069 4,858 4,100 3,557 3,260 3,856 3,441 3,153 3,671 3,394 3,906 3,090 4,353 1,591 2,448 3,046 2,301 4,408 2,795 2,902 4,638 2,330 4,656 2,202 2,489 2,662 2,069 2,464 2,562 2,007 2,709 Retail Sales R Electricity Total 6,168 6,912 6,598 6,603 7,467 6,817 6,950 7,159 6,585 7,146 7,567 6,747 6,413 6,868 6,978 6,557 7,033 6,936 6,775 7,211 7,990 7,357 6,909 8,260 6,651 7,439 8,322 6,906 7,147 7,919 8,391 6,832 5,608 7,279 6,619 7,211 8,194 6,993 7,045 6,923 7,148 4,829 4,460 R R R R R Primary 462 557 571 502 489 706 448 610 641 591 461 589 673 977 502 618 612 452 438 627 850 728 542 552 920 870 970 470 468 482 980 481 425 910 504 622 850 970 401 775 R R R R Total 1,006 1,010 1,055 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#consumption for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#consumption for all annual data beginnin • 7 2 380 410 420 640 420 380 430 390 610 520 540 580 550 380 370 520 430 920 970 627 482 450 920 970 910 430 870 622 850 728 430 468 425 980 410 400 850 775 401 542 R R 1,006 1,055 1,010 Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, oth Total losses are calculated as the primary energy consumed by the electric power sector minus th Biomass 8 9 Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Sources: Tables 2.1f, 5.14a, 6.5, 7.3, 8.9, 10.2a, A4, A5, and A6. Web Pages: energy service providers. annual data. in 1949. section. each sector’s share of total electricity retail sales. See Note, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end energy content of electricity retail sales. Total losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion 6 60 61 57 70 64 64 64 63 56 61 65 52 63 57 59 80 57 63 58 57 89 R R 114 140 Renewable Energy R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Solar/PV 1 5 9 6 6 9 9 5 7 7 6 8 8 7 6 10 37 22 40 33 13 26 16 14 18 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Geothermal Primary Consumption U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 6,097 6,032 6,464 5,975 5,962 7,564 5,986 6,244 6,531 6,345 6,073 6,138 3,405 6,175 6,513 6,073 6,447 6,854 3,824 7,910 6,589 6,314 6,590 6,741 5,916 6,389 7,638 5,862 7,652 6,670 6,528 6,177 7,191 6,231 6,430 6,811 5,706 6,406 6,261 6,067 4,833 7,922 6,024 R R R 4 1,142 1,254 1,457 1,139 1,465 2,099 1,353 2,479 1,617 2,607 1,408 1,541 1,439 1,660 1,414 1,554 2,681 1,529 1,519 1,734 1,394 1,531 1,434 1,484 1,322 1,381 1,304 1,520 1,531 1,565 1,675 2,703 1,374 1,106 1,422 1,176 2,432 1,451 1,243 2,227 1,767 2,725 1,224 R Petroleum 3 Fossil Fuels 4,995 4,835 4,883 4,830 4,981 4,491 4,960 4,835 5,354 1,240 5,055 4,646 5,147 4,661 5,093 4,889 5,063 4,825 4,954 4,899 4,913 4,805 4,420 4,667 5,209 5,023 4,405 4,735 4,711 1,027 5,105 4,478 4,534 4,981 4,614 5,010 4,476 2,198 4,987 4,883 4,946 3,212 4,028 R R R Natural Gas 6 8 6 8 7 8 8 11 12 30 40 49 39 57 12 25 26 63 37 14 40 31 26 17 31 16 31 12 12 32 11 21 37 37 17 31 59 867 209 352 585 Coal 1,261 1,272 P Based on petroleum product supplied. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of Natural gas only; excludes the estimated portion of supplemental gaseous fuels. See Note 1, Solar thermal direct use energy, and photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu Data are estimates. See Table 10.2a for notes on series components. Wood and wood-derived fuels. See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy. 1 5 2 4 6 3 7 able 2.1b Residential Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year f Section 5. 982 etroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end 007 nergy used in the commercial, industrial, and electric power sectors. 987 005 981 993 983 955 997 977 988 010 985 984 996 989 004 965 975 sing the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). Includes small amounts of distributed solar thermal and PV 006 994 980 008 999 995 992 950 998 979 990 002 986 949 011 003 000 960 976 991 001 970 009 978 (Trillion Btu) Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," at end of Section 6. 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 " 1 2 1 p 2 o 1 1 1 1 1 u 2 e 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 2

62 g d e al of of to er Total 3,895 3,669 3,893 9,492 4,609 8,346 5,845 17,857 18,078 17,711 18,255 17,345 11,444 10,512 10,063 11,606 11,451 10,616 10,208 10,578 12,578 10,938 11,946 10,860 10,648 18,021 14,098 18,381 15,681 13,193 17,175 13,441 13,820 13,320 14,690 17,137 17,659 15,968 16,376 17,343 13,500 17,899 15,172 R R R R R 12 984 800 834 9,501 9,455 9,529 9,104 9,773 5,179 4,014 4,567 4,196 4,746 4,982 3,835 5,909 1,344 5,368 5,475 2,908 4,919 4,390 5,633 4,428 1,880 9,429 6,828 7,883 6,550 9,229 6,966 6,564 6,636 9,378 8,942 8,285 7,555 6,384 7,338 8,557 9,749 8,990 8,969 Energy R System Electrical Losses 11 350 200 543 789 225 4,539 4,351 4,560 4,110 4,435 1,854 1,813 1,201 2,116 2,264 1,754 2,351 2,675 1,598 2,033 2,439 1,906 1,678 2,539 2,077 4,501 3,766 2,918 2,900 3,116 4,460 3,019 3,252 2,860 4,062 3,678 4,090 3,344 3,956 4,198 4,558 3,503 2,767 Retail R Sales Electricity Total 4,051 3,747 4,039 3,922 4,132 2,561 2,723 3,693 4,366 4,001 3,994 4,237 3,774 3,864 4,105 4,371 3,732 3,840 4,309 2,834 4,059 4,258 2,669 3,837 3,177 4,090 4,053 4,283 4,232 3,896 4,295 4,273 4,278 4,101 4,073 4,016 4,005 3,973 3,945 4,084 4,061 3,991 4,043 R R R R Primary 8 9 8 9 15 10 19 12 33 30 27 24 14 22 12 21 22 21 20 22 98 118 130 120 118 104 131 128 129 113 102 109 138 100 135 125 129 118 101 112 114 127 118 R R R Total 10 9 9 8 8 95 15 12 30 22 33 21 22 14 24 12 27 19 22 20 21 10 92 99 95 94 103 111 103 110 106 109 112 105 113 131 129 105 121 119 109 101 118 105 R R R Biomass See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#consumption for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#consumption for all annual data beginnin • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. 9 The commercial sector includes commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commerci • 2 • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA WInd Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, oth Total losses are calculated as the primary energy consumed by the electric power sector minus th R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Web Pages: Notes: Sources: Tables 2.1f, 5.14a, 6.5, 7.3, 8.9, 10.2a, A4, A5, and A6. 12 11 each sector’s share of total electricity retail sales. See Note, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end annual data. energy content of electricity retail sales. Total losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion electricity-only plants. See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end in 1949. section. energy service providers. Section 8. includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Renewable Energy 1 Solar/PV 7 9 4 5 8 3 7 7 5 3 3 8 6 3 3 14 19 20 11 14 12 17 14 15 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Geothermal 6 Primary Consumption 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Power U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Hydroelectric Total 3,908 4,028 3,805 2,547 3,959 3,878 3,932 3,925 4,138 3,846 4,157 3,905 3,798 3,859 4,113 3,629 3,984 2,649 3,982 4,150 3,881 3,932 2,815 4,170 3,948 3,816 4,084 3,978 4,352 3,842 4,229 4,248 3,961 2,711 3,168 3,665 4,051 3,708 3,941 4,297 4,362 3,818 3,745 R R R 4,5 685 726 649 683 735 702 807 743 991 682 761 707 935 651 819 872 790 790 809 893 825 827 663 769 R 1,095 1,041 1,248 1,162 1,131 1,490 1,500 1,413 1,099 1,037 1,592 1,170 1,122 1,367 1,552 1,318 1,227 1,346 1,083 Petroleum 3 Fossil Fuels 651 401 360 3,212 3,085 3,164 3,225 3,226 3,073 2,731 2,651 2,795 2,718 1,490 3,285 2,486 2,557 2,962 2,643 3,201 3,261 2,836 3,097 2,367 2,488 2,489 2,871 2,548 2,582 3,083 2,558 3,187 2,902 3,096 2,682 2,473 3,252 3,115 3,228 2,785 2,650 2,923 1,056 R R R Natural Gas 60 51 63 70 92 97 97 90 65 69 93 82 R 162 155 144 265 124 169 117 117 147 125 122 137 148 165 115 135 116 131 801 165 115 129 118 407 103 103 117 137 149 Coal 1,554 1,542 P Wood and wood-derived fuels; municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, Photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Natural gas only; excludes the estimated portion of supplemental gaseous fuels. See Note 1, Based on petroleum product supplied. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum—biofuels are included in "Biomass." Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy. See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. Most data are estimates. See Table 10.2a for notes on series components and estimation. Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). 8 1 7 5 4 6 9 3 2 able 2.1c Commercial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 able A6). able A6) at commercial plants with capacity of 1 megawatt or greater. Year f Section 5. 978 955 989 980 986 003 006 011 979 993 005 960 004 991 gricultural byproducts, and other biomass; and fuel ethanol (minus denaturant). Through 2000, also 981 977 997 950 010 992 985 996 984 999 998 949 990 965 976 007 002 994 982 987 001 009 975 970 etroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end 983 000 995 008 988 (Trillion Btu) Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," at end of Section 6. 1 1 1 1 2 T 2 1 1 1 T 1 2 1 2 1 a T 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 " 1 1 1 p 1 o 42

63 43 d g d e al of of to er Total 28,525 32,401 32,394 31,290 33,520 32,662 32,446 30,309 34,904 34,764 32,571 33,971 31,810 32,532 32,720 31,399 14,724 35,200 19,485 34,843 33,521 34,664 32,629 16,241 31,320 25,098 20,842 30,592 29,379 31,393 28,816 29,413 27,614 33,925 29,570 32,263 27,428 29,628 32,688 30,677 32,039 30,712 28,274 R R R R R R R R 12 6,934 7,557 7,517 7,635 7,484 6,582 7,365 7,415 7,345 7,288 1,852 7,689 8,208 8,203 7,496 7,968 7,575 2,739 7,404 7,796 7,526 8,079 7,541 7,972 3,487 1,672 2,495 6,973 6,497 6,020 6,664 6,860 6,416 6,362 6,538 6,757 6,683 6,232 4,716 6,155 6,518 6,576 5,632 Energy R System Electrical Losses 11 500 418 887 3,313 3,473 3,379 3,130 3,477 3,451 3,444 3,507 1,463 3,334 3,319 3,226 3,611 3,400 3,587 3,527 3,439 3,631 3,542 3,455 3,454 3,158 1,107 3,230 3,329 2,928 2,873 2,859 1,948 2,855 2,648 3,059 2,761 2,834 2,781 2,682 2,817 2,346 2,542 2,573 Retail R Sales Electricity Total 22,412 21,411 21,799 20,062 18,813 21,536 21,370 20,480 20,874 23,177 23,686 21,756 23,410 21,503 22,719 22,950 16,103 21,180 16,996 20,148 21,794 22,393 21,753 20,824 13,890 22,824 12,633 20,291 19,953 24,192 21,318 21,434 19,443 20,174 22,595 20,862 18,548 23,244 22,964 22,665 19,053 19,078 23,165 Primary R R R R R R R R 602 669 888 544 719 Total 2,250 2,016 1,956 2,049 1,853 1,873 1,720 1,930 1,717 1,928 1,684 1,719 2,057 1,871 1,737 1,992 1,773 1,927 2,033 1,929 1,934 1,726 2,295 1,947 1,314 1,951 1,253 1,728 1,951 1,432 1,908 1,096 1,948 1,439 1,633 1,683 1,053 2,022 R R R R 10 532 855 631 468 680 2,028 1,994 1,936 2,230 1,897 1,837 1,817 1,676 1,684 1,652 1,841 1,996 1,681 1,872 1,969 1,862 1,882 1,705 1,934 1,741 1,881 1,679 2,273 1,914 1,650 1,281 1,600 1,695 1,989 1,220 1,874 1,063 1,400 1,405 1,918 1,918 1,019 1,915 R R R R Biomass 9 2 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#consumption for updated monthly an • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) Wind See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#consumption for all annual data beginnin • The industrial sector includes industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industri Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • • 8 Total losses are calculated as the primary energy consumed by the electric power sector minus th Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, oth R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than +0.5 trillion Btu an Notes: Sources: Tables 2.1f, 5.14b, 6.5, 7.3, 7.8, 8.9, 10.2b, A4, A5, and A6. Web Pages: – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) 11 12 electricity-only plants. See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end section. energy content of electricity retail sales. Total losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion energy service providers. Section 8. greater than -0.5 trillion Btu. in 1949. each sector’s share of total electricity retail sales. See Note, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end annual data. (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). Solar/PV Renewable Energy 7 4 5 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 2 3 2 3 2 5 3 4 4 3 2 3 2 3 1 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Geothermal 6 32 16 29 33 18 16 39 17 18 31 69 33 32 34 34 30 32 33 62 55 39 33 30 43 28 33 33 31 33 33 33 33 38 42 33 33 61 49 33 76 55 33 58 Power Primary Consumption Hydroelectric U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 17,812 19,414 20,559 20,079 19,538 18,431 19,606 16,797 17,995 13,288 18,006 19,463 20,339 21,248 18,840 16,277 19,141 19,003 17,130 20,962 20,019 19,590 19,260 21,629 21,016 16,640 21,911 21,377 17,492 20,465 17,370 19,777 12,090 20,896 21,412 19,980 22,753 21,812 18,222 21,851 20,727 20,075 15,434 R R R R R R R R 4,5 8,210 8,511 9,825 9,168 9,633 9,770 9,451 8,064 8,042 3,960 8,251 7,776 7,958 9,835 8,386 9,019 9,178 5,123 7,714 8,771 7,772 8,127 8,265 7,860 7,390 3,475 9,082 8,552 9,509 9,075 8,586 6,813 8,990 9,747 5,766 9,356 9,255 8,317 8,098 7,987 7,816 9,197 R 10,548 Petroleum 3 7,861 8,083 7,907 8,074 8,832 8,550 7,959 8,321 3,546 7,283 8,451 7,405 7,068 8,185 9,763 7,339 9,536 9,375 7,609 9,126 8,088 7,032 8,918 8,532 8,572 8,333 9,500 9,592 9,901 5,973 8,762 4,701 6,776 7,655 8,488 8,549 3,188 9,933 8,635 8,539 6,646 8,676 9,070 Gas Natural R R R R R R R Fossil Fuels 1 9 5 -6 -6 -7 11 51 27 44 41 40 46 63 65 10 25 61 61 29 14 23 15 30 35 67 61 58 58 -24 -13 -17 -16 -18 -16 -10 -11 -58 -35 -22 125 138 (s) Coal Coke Net Imports Coal 1,599 1,649 1,914 3,667 2,019 2,434 2,641 2,842 5,620 1,396 3,454 2,490 2,041 2,787 2,756 2,601 5,781 2,760 4,656 3,155 2,510 2,515 2,488 2,227 3,661 2,192 5,127 2,335 2,395 1,796 2,047 3,314 2,828 5,433 3,593 2,256 2,552 1,954 2,673 2,496 1,865 4,543 3,157 R P Natural gas only; excludes the estimated portion of supplemental gaseous fuels. See Note 1, Based on petroleum product supplied. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of Wood and wood-derived fuels; municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, Photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum—biofuels are included in "Biomass." Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy. Most data are estimates. See Table 10.2b for notes on series components and estimation. 7 4 8 2 6 9 3 5 1 able 2.1d Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 able A6). able A6) at industrial plants with capacity of 1 megawatt or greater. Year 985 960 987 etroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end f Section 5. 989 999 010 965 011 994 970 009 986 992 975 000 955 008 gricultural byproducts, and other biomass; fuel ethanol (minus denaturant); and losses and co-products 993 976 998 950 991 977 988 007 997 001 949 978 996 006 984 995 979 005 980 002 983 004 981 990 982 003 (Trillion Btu) Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," at end of Section 6. rom the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste 1 T 1 1 1 1 1 T 2 1 2 2 1 a 1 f 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 " 1 1 2 p 1 o 1 1 2 1 1 T 1

64 g d e al of to 7,990 8,492 9,550 Total 27,466 26,842 27,071 29,117 20,088 28,008 26,548 22,415 22,118 26,994 22,420 22,478 27,895 22,318 19,514 24,437 21,469 23,846 28,353 20,789 26,275 19,089 28,830 25,949 19,656 23,366 19,177 22,768 25,256 24,750 19,697 20,472 20,617 27,079 12,432 10,596 19,101 19,822 16,098 18,245 R R R R 8 42 60 55 56 88 40 38 26 35 38 38 42 25 56 36 35 56 38 37 34 51 32 54 38 43 37 37 38 33 54 30 54 24 27 24 86 24 56 26 24 25 26 24 Energy System Losses Electrical 7 27 28 19 26 22 18 16 13 17 17 17 26 25 25 16 20 17 16 11 14 17 16 23 17 15 16 16 11 14 16 26 11 26 10 10 10 23 10 20 10 10 10 11 Retail Sales Electricity Total 7,880 8,383 9,474 26,781 26,989 27,384 29,029 24,383 22,424 23,311 25,201 21,419 19,478 26,213 20,740 22,366 27,817 22,363 26,920 19,609 25,891 19,052 22,065 22,267 20,041 28,751 22,715 23,791 27,925 28,272 24,695 19,134 26,489 19,659 26,999 20,437 20,583 12,399 10,560 19,786 19,067 18,210 16,062 Primary R R R R See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#consumption for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#consumption for all annual data beginnin • 2 Beginning in 1978, the small amounts of coal consumed for transportation are reported as industri Total losses are calculated as the primary energy consumed by the electric power sector minus th 6 9 8 Sources: Tables 2.1f, 5.14c, 6.5, 7.3, 8.9, 10.2b, A4, A5, and A6. Web Pages: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. 7 50 81 67 70 80 57 60 41 94 68 34 66 18 energy content of electricity retail sales. Total losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion in 1949. annual data. section. each sector’s share of total electricity retail sales. See Note, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end sector consumption. 935 170 602 230 475 290 112 105 142 339 102 135 118 113 826 R 1,074 NA NA NA 1,154 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R Biomass Renewable Energy 1 Total 7,880 9,474 8,383 26,054 26,310 26,612 28,427 22,356 22,306 28,276 22,199 27,933 19,992 24,593 26,690 26,070 21,353 24,302 22,283 20,583 20,437 19,567 25,088 25,774 19,659 23,679 27,527 25,845 22,621 20,682 26,354 21,995 19,100 19,471 19,034 23,206 27,099 12,399 10,560 19,067 19,786 16,062 18,210 R R R R 4,5 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Primary Consumption 6,152 8,799 6,690 25,595 26,063 21,977 25,110 26,407 19,825 25,682 23,565 21,675 20,044 18,422 18,595 26,925 21,626 22,497 25,412 18,813 23,813 19,472 22,955 27,651 19,023 20,183 21,374 21,707 19,009 27,309 25,098 24,422 20,817 21,568 25,339 25,913 27,763 11,866 10,125 19,243 18,508 17,615 15,310 R Petroleum 3 Fossil Fuels 545 645 724 692 535 519 499 650 680 612 624 666 612 658 539 737 709 649 505 602 608 672 625 675 735 627 620 658 632 780 715 663 716 699 359 130 517 254 543 559 745 595 R R R R NA Natural Gas 1 7 75 16 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 421 () ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (s) (s) Coal 1,727 1,564 P Based on petroleum product supplied. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of Natural gas only; does not include supplemental gaseous fuels—see Note 1, "Supplemental Gaseous Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, other Fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel. See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum—biofuels are included in "Biomass." Data are estimates. See Table 10.2b for notes on series components. 7 5 2 3 6 4 1 able 2.1e Transportation Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1949-2011 uels," at end of Section 6. Data are for natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines (primarily in Year 981 004 950 002 009 997 986 993 999 990 980 985 960 007 979 003 001 989 978 998 005 010 996 995 984 949 992 955 977 983 f Section 5. 988 976 965 etroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end nergy service providers. 975 000 008 011 987 982 991 006 994 970 ompressors) and small amounts consumed as vehicle fuel—see Table 6.5. (Trillion Btu) 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 F 1 c 1 1 2 p 2 o 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 e 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 T 44

65 45 d g d 2 ic 3, to Total 4,679 8,158 6,461 4,339 39,626 39,346 28,227 26,227 26,032 26,988 29,869 30,495 31,847 30,856 30,723 38,062 37,215 36,976 36,225 39,428 38,016 38,713 39,638 34,886 39,978 34,485 38,077 40,377 32,399 38,062 33,479 24,614 25,635 11,012 16,253 22,551 20,270 24,269 21,473 23,943 23,553 24,425 23,979 Primary The electr R See Note • • 11 8 7 5 6 89 37 39 95 63 85 99 88 72 87 22 67 75 21 67 29 59 71 69 15 14 R 127 158 122 140 108 116 153 115 137 107 116 112 134 121 135 100 113 Net (s) Imports Electricity Total 4,064 4,945 3,158 2,729 3,049 2,425 3,217 3,967 3,255 3,747 3,524 4,153 4,216 3,872 3,406 3,874 3,340 3,484 3,189 3,427 3,665 2,763 3,445 3,630 3,345 3,288 3,542 3,562 3,443 2,925 2,031 3,286 2,609 2,940 2,942 2,983 2,788 3,158 2,343 1,351 1,355 1,325 1,571 R Totals may not equal sum of components due • 10 4 9 4 3 5 3 3 5 2 5 3 4 5 2 3 6 15 14 17 12 459 444 232 453 423 402 397 317 444 354 441 422 388 337 446 438 412 453 380 415 435 406 434 R Biomass 9 2 22 33 31 29 70 30 46 36 31 33 34 57 31 923 721 178 105 264 142 546 115 341 R 1,168 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wind 8 3 5 6 4 5 6 5 5 6 5 5 5 9 6 5 5 5 6 5 4 9 12 18 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#consumption for updated monthly an R • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#consumption for all annual data beginnin Renewable Energy • 1 Solar/PV Data are for fuels consumed to produce electricity and useful thermal output. • 7 Net imports equal imports minus exports. Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities an 6 2 Web Pages: Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Sources: Tables 5.14c, 6.5, 7.3, 8.1, 8.2b, 10.2c, A4, A5, and A6. 11 12 40 81 64 34 37 31 38 53 97 59 51 148 163 152 142 146 144 152 146 151 145 150 148 106 145 112 138 147 160 173 148 167 108 167 161 148 147 independent rounding. in 1949. category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. power sector comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 2 annual data. independent power producers. "Electricity Imports and Exports," at end of Section 8. (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). R NA NA NA (s) Geothermal Primary Consumption 6 2,521 2,808 3,153 3,122 3,581 2,670 2,302 2,600 2,725 2,650 2,905 2,985 2,897 3,014 2,781 3,494 2,867 3,241 3,353 3,218 2,943 1,322 2,650 2,768 3,528 2,937 2,586 2,494 3,149 2,861 1,569 2,620 2,301 3,233 2,430 2,209 2,656 2,026 2,602 2,839 3,038 1,346 1,349 R Power Hydroelectric 5 6 0 0 0 43 239 8,434 5,602 8,259 6,479 1,900 6,694 8,222 8,161 2,111 4,076 4,380 3,008 3,131 8,145 8,215 6,410 8,455 8,029 2,702 4,754 7,075 8,427 7,959 8,356 7,862 3,024 2,739 7,610 3,203 6,422 3,553 7,068 2,776 6,104 5,587 7,087 6,597 R Electric Nuclear Power U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 8,938 6,565 5,123 2,979 3,322 27,039 26,014 21,013 17,522 25,197 28,470 21,857 20,859 27,986 18,504 15,191 25,393 23,957 18,534 23,109 22,297 18,566 27,485 26,636 20,106 26,658 20,825 17,729 22,523 13,399 17,446 27,112 18,156 18,767 26,348 27,810 17,462 19,346 25,638 16,349 20,968 26,511 18,516 R 4 378 288 991 471 468 961 927 648 390 722 553 657 817 755 415 472 1,703 1,563 2,634 1,568 3,477 3,901 1,306 3,987 1,286 1,277 1,205 1,235 1,090 1,059 1,452 2,117 1,198 3,166 1,257 1,144 1,212 1,211 3,283 1,289 1,544 1,124 2,202 Petroleum 3 Fossil Fuels 651 569 7,527 7,740 3,173 2,395 2,693 3,730 2,916 2,670 6,829 3,512 3,977 4,126 3,199 3,778 7,022 5,767 7,005 5,595 3,297 3,377 3,862 4,902 3,613 3,240 3,538 1,785 4,675 5,458 3,152 5,293 6,375 4,054 6,015 3,135 2,972 3,312 4,302 3,309 1,194 3,284 5,246 Gas Natural R Coal 1,995 5,821 4,228 2,199 7,227 9,720 8,786 3,458 16,137 17,986 14,019 20,737 12,123 20,462 19,279 15,173 20,808 20,305 16,250 15,850 14,542 10,238 18,905 12,582 20,220 12,583 19,216 13,213 17,261 19,614 17,466 20,513 18,429 20,185 19,133 11,260 10,262 16,466 16,261 19,783 17,196 18,225 14,444 P 12 Natural gas only; excludes the estimated portion of supplemental gaseous fuels. See Note 1, Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels Wood and wood-derived fuels; and municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Geothermal electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). See Table 5.14c for series components. Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). See Table 10.2c for notes on series components. See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. Nuclear electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the nuclear heat rate—see Table A6). 5 9 7 4 3 2 6 1 8 able 2.1f Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption, Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 aste, agricultural byproducts, and other biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste able A6). Year 977 991 007 984 999 994 965 000 983 955 009 950 988 001 008 003 010 986 978 989 011 992 976 eat rate—see Table A6). 995 002 993 960 981 987 949 979 975 996 982 998 005 006 990 985 997 970 004 980 (Trillion Btu) Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," at end of Section 6. T 2 1 1 2 1 h 1 1 1 1 2 w 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 " 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 T 1 2

66 0.1 339 -0.6 0.1 337 Shipments 0.5 336 45 8.4 0.1 335 Other 0.1 334 0.2 333 0.1 Fuel Oil Distillate 0.4 332 1.7 331 0.3 1.1 Coal Coke 327 and Breeze³ 0.3 326 See Table 2.2 for Manufacturing Group titles of industries that correspond to the 3-digit Source: Table 2.2. (s)=Less than 0.05 quadrillion Btu. 6 0.3 5.1 NAICS codes. 325 Fuel Oil Residual 6.9 324 6 0.1 323 1.4 Coal 2.4 322 0.5 321 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2.4 (s) 316 LPG¹ and NGL² (s) 315 2.9 Net 0.1 314 Electricity 0.2 313 0.1 312 5.9 Natural Gas 1.2 311 2 4 6 8 0 0 -2 -2 10 2 4 0 6 8 10 Energy sources produced onsite from the use of other energy sources but sold or trans- Includes all other types of energy that respondents indicated were consumed or allocated. Natural gas liquids. Liquefied petroleum gases. See “Breeze” in Glossary. Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu 5 4 3 2 1 By Energy Source 46 By North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code Figure 2.2 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 ferred to another entity.

67 47 s y e w ts s, 8 477 21,098 103 72 204 178 396 1,736 5,149 66 2,354 451 85 107 6,864 61 1,186 1,114 337 142 3 14 Total 7 -0 -645 -5 -0 -0 -0 -406 -0 -0 -0 -145 -0 -0 -0 -0 -89 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 (s) of Energy Sources Shipments 6 13 8,443 21 2 12 139 228 707 1,302 105 5,744 11 138 8 2 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Q Q Other Totals may not equal sum of componen • 5 851 Net 137 2, 195 44 20 111 33 251 247 143 517 91 458 66 45 30 147 32 94 1 182 7 Electricity 3 (s) 9 (s) 7 314 58 3 0 2 19 26 4 87 91 (s) (s) (s) (s) Q Q Q Fuel Oil Residual 4 3 s) 4 304 4 1 and 2, 2,376 5 29 1 1 1 5 5 5 1 3 1 5 3 ( (s) (s) (s) LPG NGL Data are estimates for the first use of energy for heat and power and as feedstocks or ra • ) 6 3 2 (s) (s) 1 1 8 7 143 33 30 1 21 2 3 1 3 Q Q (s (s) (s) (s) Fuel Oil The sum of coal, coal coke and breeze, natural gas, distillate fuel oil, liquefied petroleum gase Distillate 8 Notes: (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu and greater than -0.5 trillion Btu. Q=Data withheld because the relativ Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/emeu/mecs. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, "2006 Manufacturing Energ material inputs. "First use" is the consumption of energy that was originally produced offsite or wa standard error was greater than 50 percent. Consumption Survey" and Form EIA-810, "Monthly Refinery Report" for 2006. produced onsite from input materials not classified as energy. natural gas liquids, residual fuel oil, net electricity, and other, minus shipments of energy sources. due to independent rounding. another entity. Note that shipments of energy sources are subtracted from consumption. 638 474 7 1,746 627 65 84 25 46 5,911 849 39 1 17 460 41 87 240 249 45 128 42 Natural Gas 2 and 1 0 0 3 0 253 0 0 0 272 0 0 11 1 0 0 0 0 0 Q Q Q Breeze Coal Coke Coal 221 147 0 182 1 32 373 0 3 1,433 0 5 0 0 102 3 320 20 Q Q 0 (s) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 "Net Electricity" is the sum of purchases, transfers in, and onsite generation from noncombustible Includes all other types of energy that respondents indicated were consumed or allocated, such as Energy sources produced onsite from the use of other energy sources but sold or transferred to Liquefied petroleum gases. Natural gas liquids. See "Breeze" in Glossary. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 2 3 4 6 5 1 7 able 2.2 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for All Purposes, 2006 sphalt and road oil, lubricants, naphtha less than 401 degrees Fahrenheit, other oils greater than or equal onfuel products assigned to the petroleum refining industry group (NAICS Code 324110). ombustible fuels. (Trillion Btu ) enewable energy sources, minus quantities sold and transferred out; it excludes onsite generation from Code Manufacturing Group NAICS 313 Textile Mills ... 332 Fabricated Metal Products ... 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products ... 324 Petroleum and Coal Products ... 325 Chemicals ... 337 Furniture and Related Products ... 339 Miscellaneous ... 315 Apparel ... 316 Leather and Allied Products ... 321 Wood Products ... 331 Primary Metals ... 322 Paper ... 314 Textile Product Mills ... 333 Machinery ... 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products ... — Total Manufacturing ... 336 Transportation Equipment ... 326 Plastics and Rubber Products ... 311 Food ... 323 Printing and Related Support ... 334 Computer and Electronic Products ... o 401 degrees Fahrenheit, special naphthas, waxes, and miscellaneous nonfuel products, which are 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliances, and Components ... t n c r a T

68 3.5 3.3 5 0.1 4 NGL LPG and NGL 3.0 2.5 0.1 Distillate Fuel Oil 2.0 0.3 Fuel Oil 1.7 Residual Fuel Oil Quadrillion Btu 1.5 Natural gas liquids. Source: Table 2.3. (s)=Less than 0.05 quadrillion Btu. 5 1.0 Coal³ 1.0 0.7 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 0.5 2.9 Net Electricity 0.2 0.2 0.2 (s) 0.0 5.5 Machine Drive Facility HVAC² Facility Lighting Natural Gas Process Heating Electrochemical Processes 1 2 3 6 5 4 7 0 Excludes coal coke and breeze. Excludes inputs of unallocated energy sources (5,820 trillion Btu). Liquefied petroleum gases. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. Excludes steam and hot water. Quadrillion Btu 3 4 2 1 Process Cooling and Refrigeration Conventional Electricity Generation By Selected End Use¹ 48 By Energy Source Figure 2.3 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation, 2006

69 49 s y d e e e to re 5 39 26 547 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 304 658 198 65 5,597 206 9,838 1,066 91 1,654 208 3,288 23 2 2,871 1, 1,324 Total 4 (s) 6 (s) 10 – – – – 56 (s) (s) (s) – – 16 – – – – (s) 2 412 – – 19 1,016 3 6 3 25 547 19 129 345 52 417 46 2 (s) (s) Coal (s) (s) Million Short Tons Allocations to end uses are made on th • Totals may not equal sum of components due • 6 9 – – – – – – – – 378 2,788 3 129 814 367 5,512 426 438 2,059 2,119 2,709 32 19 19 2 8 12 1,281 140 3 2,487 168 838 5,357 31 30 136 8 1,245 2,417 164 Natural Gas Billion Cubic Feet 3 and NGL 5 39 – – – – 2 – – 79 8 27 – – 20 8 5 1 32 5 1 21 (s) (s) (s) 2 5 1 10 7 2 2 1 8 1 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Trillion Btu LPG Data are estimates for the total consumption of energy for the production of heat, power, an • Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, "2006 Manufacturing Energ Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/emeu/mecs. Notes: 22 4 52 – – 6 24 – – – – 1 1 129 50 9 4 23 9 1 4 1 17 – – 6 8 35 4 19 4 6 3 1 1 3 1 (s) (s) quantities of energy that were originally produced offsite and purchased by or transferred to th electricity generation, regardless of where the energy was produced. Specifically, the estimates include th energy, or were extracted from captive (onsite) mines or wells. withheld because the relative standard error is greater than 50 percent. Consumption Survey." establishment, plus those that were produced onsite from other energy or input materials not classified a independent rounding, the presence of estimates that round to zero, and the presence of estimates that a basis of reasonable approximations by respondents. (s) Million Barrels Distillate Fuel Oil 4 62 2 – – 251 6 133 – – 71 – – 1 59 49 62 (s) (s) (s) Q – – – – – – 10 1 1 10 21 40 11 9 8 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Residual Fuel Oil 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 – – – – – – – – 265 2,244 198 1,441 2,850 41 539 206 41 206 60 7 45 8 346 26 77,768 657,810 12,109 157,829 17,644 60,323 2,197 422,408 58,013 835,382 60,381 13,181 2,208 12,109 101,516 7,634 Net Electricity Million Kilowatthours ... ... 7 7 ... ... ... ... ... ... End-Use Category (Boiler Fuel) ... (Boiler Fuel) ... and/or Cogeneration Process ... and/or Cogeneration Process ... 6 6 ... ... "Net Electricity" is the sum of purchases, transfers in, and onsite generation from noncombustible Liquefied petroleum gases. Excludes steam and hot water. Total of listed energy sources. Excludes inputs of unallocated energy sources (5,820 trillion Btu). Natural gas liquids. Combined-heat-and-power plants. Excludes coal coke and breeze. 5 4 7 1 2 3 6 – – = Not applicable. (s)=Estimate less than 0.5. Q=Withheld because relative standard error is greater able 2.3 Manufacturing Energy Consumption for Heat, Power, and Electricity Generation by End Use, 2006 irect End Use irect End Use nd Use Not Reported nd Use Not Reported otal otal ombustible fuels. enewable energy sources, minus quantities sold and transferred out; it excludes onsite generation from Other Non-Process Use ... ndirect End Use Other Non-Process Use ... Conventional Boiler Use ... Facility Lighting ... All Non-Process Uses Conventional Electricity Generation ... CHP Other Process Uses ... Onsite Transportation ... Conventional Boiler Use ... han 50 percent. Facility Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Onsite Transportation ... All Non-Process Uses Electrochemical Processes ... Process Heating ... Other Facility Support ... Machine Drive ... Machine Drive ... Other Process Uses ... Conventional Electricity Generation ... Process Cooling and Refrigeration ... CHP Facility Lighting ... Process Cooling and Refrigeration ... Other Facility Support ... All Process Uses Process Heating ... ndirect End Use Electrochemical Processes ... Facility Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning All Process Uses c T E t E r D T I D I T

70 73 West 76 South 4.69 4.69 108 4.39 4.39 Natural Gas Northeast Electricity distillate fuel oil, kerosene, and liquefied petro- 10.18 Quadrillion Btu = 112 Total Midwest 0.61 0.49 LPG² 0.49 90 United States 0.61 0 80 60 40 20 120 100 and Kerosene Million Btu Distillate Fuel Oil Energy Consumption per Household, by Census Region, 2009 Household Energy Consumption by Source, 2009 9 Notes: • Data include natural gas, electricity, 90 leum gases; data do not include wood. • Data for 1978-1984 are for April of the year shown through March of following year; data for 1987 forward are for the calendar year. • See Appen- dix C for map of Census regions. Source: Table 2.4. West South Northeast Midwest 95 92 101 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 104 98 101 105 102 112 114 126 138 1978 1980 1982 1984 1987 1990 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 0 50 1 1978 1980 1982 1984 1987 1990 1993 1997 2001 2005 200 2 4 3 0 100 150 For years not shown, there are no data available. Liquefied petroleum gases. Million Btu Quadrillion Btu 1 2 Household Energy Consumpton by Census Region, Selected Years, 1978-2009¹ 50 Energy Consumption per Household, Selected Years, 1978-2009¹ Figure 2.4 Household Energy Consumption

71 51 n al nt ta 90 73 76 .94 .57 .94 .79 .16 .10 .14 .50 .10 .94 .08 .49 .19 .08 .14 .52 .01 .05 .03 .61 108 112 4.39 3.22 1.75 4.69 1.06 1.82 2.91 2.24 2.09 2009 10.18 95 77 80 .98 .94 .76 .58 .09 .43 .13 .09 .12 .94 .07 .52 .18 .18 .10 .72 .06 .03 .07 .88 122 113 4.35 3.25 1.72 4.79 1.15 1.87 2.91 2.52 2.07 2005 10.55 92 70 83 .90 .53 .66 .81 .37 .10 .10 .09 .09 .98 .15 .05 .38 .06 .12 .60 .08 .06 .02 .75 117 107 3.89 3.21 1.84 4.84 1.13 1.63 2.86 2.16 1.89 9.86 2001 75 84 .93 .49 .64 .75 .14 .12 .08 .10 .43 .03 .17 .36 .04 .12 .10 .11 .84 .03 101 121 134 1.03 3.54 3.01 2.20 5.28 1.13 1.07 1.63 3.22 2.38 1.67 1997 10.25 76 88 .91 .47 .74 .56 .12 .11 .14 .17 .55 .13 .38 .04 .19 .03 .78 .03 .13 .13 104 134 122 1.11 3.28 2.95 5.27 2.07 1.18 1.07 1.55 3.13 2.38 1.51 1993 10.01 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe • 98 78 81 .92 .66 .54 .47 .58 .12 .12 .17 .17 .10 .28 .13 .03 .02 .13 .11 .78 .02 120 122 1980 forward—EIA, Form EIA-457, "Residential Energy Consumptio 1.03 3.03 2.60 4.86 1.88 1.03 1.04 1.51 2.81 9.22 2.30 1.36 • 1990 78 84 .88 .61 .44 .48 .26 .17 .25 .17 .85 .05 .13 .32 .12 .02 .87 .17 .02 .16 101 123 124 1.03 2.76 2.61 1.83 4.83 1.09 1.22 1.42 2.73 2.37 9.13 1.22 Data for 1978–1984 are for April of year shown through March of following year; da 1987 • 1978 and 1979—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-84, "Residenti • 85 85 .91 .41 .55 .47 .98 .21 .33 .17 .27 .93 .12 .13 .03 .03 .31 .13 .93 .16 .04 125 105 129 2.48 2.50 4.98 1.99 1.15 1.26 1.45 2.80 2.29 9.04 1.06 1984 Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/consumption/residential/. Sources: for 1987 forward are for the calendar year. rounding. Energy Consumption Survey." Survey." no data available. 81 87 .85 .41 .37 .56 .33 .97 .13 .27 .24 .96 .29 .12 .02 .11 .04 .18 .16 .03 .83 102 122 122 2.35 2.45 4.74 1.78 1.14 1.20 1.33 2.61 8.58 2.19 1.01 1982 87 87 .90 .40 .46 .56 .27 .87 .13 .25 .21 .12 .04 .03 .13 .31 .19 .93 .03 .14 132 146 112 2.42 2.41 5.27 1.01 2.22 1.15 1.28 1.42 3.09 2.36 9.29 1.01 1981 84 95 .86 .60 .41 .41 .11 .23 .26 .25 .85 .94 .04 .14 .35 .03 .15 .04 .17 .25 114 141 138 2.48 2.57 2.05 4.97 1.12 1.07 1.52 1.34 2.96 9.32 2.44 1.06 1980 For years not shown, there are • 92 .88 .91 .97 .47 .59 .39 .10 .31 .14 .03 .04 .09 .31 .28 168 126 100 145 2.42 2.30 5.31 2.48 1.05 1.71 1.03 1.47 3.48 9.74 2.50 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1979 NA NA NA NA NA 99 .96 .95 .48 .60 .39 .33 .12 .03 .03 .15 .32 .46 .09 138 180 166 110 1.00 2.47 2.43 1.14 2.53 5.58 2.19 1.32 1.54 3.70 2.89 1978 NA NA NA NA NA 10.56 ... ... ... ... ... 3 3 3 3 3 Energy Consumption by Census Region, Selected Years, 1978-2009 1 2 (does not include wood) ... (does not include wood) ... Census Region (does not include wood) ... ... ... ... ... ... (does not include wood) ... (does not include wood) ... 3 3 3 3 3 Data are estimates, and are for major energy sources only. • ... ... ... ... ... 4 4 4 4 4 Includes energy consumption in occupied primary housing units only, which differs from residential Retail electricity. One kilowatthour = 3,412 Btu. Wood is not included in the region and U.S. totals, or in the consumption-per-household data. See Appendix C for map of Census regions. 1 3 4 2 Notes: NA=Not available. able 2.4 Household est Total idwest Total nited States Total ortheast Total outh Total ector energy consumption. (Quadrillion Btu, Except as Noted) Wood Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... Electricity Electricity Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... Consumption per Household (million Btu) Natural Gas ... Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... Consumption per Household (million Btu) Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene ... Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... Electricity Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene ... Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene ... Natural Gas ... Natural Gas ... Consumption per Household (million Btu) Wood Electricity Wood Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene ... Electricity Consumption per Household (million Btu) Wood Wood Consumption per Household (million Btu) Natural Gas ... Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene ... Natural Gas ... M s S U W N T

72 201 87 72 160 64 136 56 124 49 110 98 42 97 39 87 34 83 32 76 29 63 55 20 1978 1980 1982 1984 1987 1990 1993 1997 2001 2005 1978 1980 1982 1984 1987 1990 1993 1997 2001 2005 0 0 20 40 80 50 60 Liquefied petroleum gases. Source: Table 2.5. 4 250 100 150 100 200 Billion Dollars² Billion Dollars² Appliances, Electronics, and Lighting Expenditures, Selected Household Energy Expenditures, Selected Years, 1978-2005¹ Years, 1978-2005¹ Space Heating Water Heating Air Conditioning U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2.95 2.95 Natural Gas Natural Gas ppliances, Electronics, and Lighting A 4 4.30 Quadrillion Btu 0.32 LPG 0.32 LPG = Total 0.75 Fuel 0.75 Fuel Oil³ 0.28 0.28 Electricty Electricity 2 4 8 0 6 1978 1980 1982 1984 1987 1990 1993 1997 2001 2005 For years not shown, there are no data available. Distillate fuel oil and kerosene. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 3 2 1 Quadrillion Btu Household Energy Consumption by End Use, Selected Years, 52 Household Energy Consumption for Space Heating by Fuel 2005 1978-2005¹ Figure 2.5 Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures

73 53 y s. ts al 2.72 3.25 1.98 1.95 2.40 2.00 2.27 2.10 1.98 2.94 1.77 Total 63.79 39.21 29.09 34.39 87.09 42.31 32.39 49.46 71.63 20.42 55.92 5 .42 .44 .36 .48 .46 .86 .52 .52 .54 .03 .05 .05 .05 .04 .03 .04 .05 .02 .05 0.25 1.37 0.03 Data are estimate LPG • 3 Electronics, and Lighting 1.50 1.72 2.33 2.52 1.54 1.91 1.52 1.59 2.77 2.08 1.46 2 Elec- 53.52 31.29 66.94 36.36 46.95 60.57 39.83 26.74 29.70 19.24 80.92 tricity Totals may not equal sum of componen • .33 .34 .43 .37 .35 .43 .29 .37 .43 .36 Appliances, 2.17 3.83 1.98 2.02 1.91 2.03 2.58 2.31 2.86 4.80 0.93 0.28 Gas Natural 1.71 1.82 1.63 1.67 1.74 1.64 1.69 1.64 1.92 2.12 1.53 6.95 Total 19.76 12.52 21.62 11.29 14.74 15.28 13.91 16.98 13.33 31.98 1980 forward—EIA, Form EIA-457, "Residential Energ • 5 .06 .65 .89 .07 .51 .58 .08 .05 .50 .57 .58 .15 .54 .05 .69 .06 .06 .06 .06 0.36 0.06 3.28 LPG ) 6 4 .83 .13 .11 .17 .16 .15 .12 .94 .15 .14 .22 .74 .22 1.94 1.15 1.76 0.56 1.28 0.14 1.04 1.09 2.00 1978—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-84, "Residenti Oil Fuel • 2009 data for this table were not available in time for publication. • Water Heating 3 Notes: Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/consumption/residential/. .28 .42 .30 .34 .32 .39 .30 .31 .36 .34 For years not shown, there are no data available. 7.58 7.21 4.45 4.94 8.99 5.00 3.15 6.44 8.47 6.45 0.29 (quadrillion Btu) • Elec- due to independent rounding. Energy Consumption Survey." Consumption Survey." 11.13 tricity (billion nominal dollars 1.29 1.15 5.13 1.13 8.08 6.63 1.15 1.10 8.84 1.31 1.04 1.10 1.16 2.88 6.51 4.51 6.02 1.15 1.41 6.59 Gas 15.57 11.31 Consumption Natural Expenditures 3 .62 .31 .42 .36 .44 .48 .34 .88 .32 .46 Air 7.06 6.23 3.97 5.84 6.23 9.77 0.31 11.31 15.94 10.20 11.23 25.26 Electricity Conditioning 4.62 6.94 5.08 4.61 5.21 4.30 4.93 4.79 5.18 5.33 5.22 Total U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 35.79 31.68 32.44 34.18 42.03 24.13 31.77 56.73 29.26 39.66 50.52 5 .26 .19 .30 .23 .28 .21 .21 .32 .19 .22 1.69 1.78 6.35 2.79 2.01 0.23 1.05 2.81 2.00 1.78 1.85 4.04 LPG 4 .62 .75 .95 .91 .93 Energy Consumption and Expenditures by End Use, Selected Years, 1978-2005 1.06 5.66 2.05 1.30 9.44 7.42 6.57 1.11 1.05 8.51 8.80 8.06 1.04 6.25 6.24 1 Oil Fuel 10.48 10.99 Space Heating 3 .25 .40 .30 .27 .28 .28 .26 .41 .39 .25 4.62 3.78 7.42 8.56 6.16 3.93 4.21 5.53 8.66 3.53 8.98 0.40 Elec- tricity 3.32 4.26 3.38 3.61 3.41 3.14 3.51 2.95 3.67 3.69 3.37 Gas 16.62 13.22 21.95 20.66 31.84 18.59 31.97 18.05 24.11 11.49 17.74 Natural Includes energy consumption in occupied primary housing units only, which differs from Liquefied petroleum gases. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Distillate fuel oil and kerosene. Includes refrigerators. Retail electricity. One kilowatthour=3,412 Btu. 1 2 5 3 4 6 able 2.5 Household Year 980 982 993 982 997 978 005 001 978 990 987 981 001 990 984 005 980 997 981 993 987 984 esidential sector energy consumption. 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 r 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 T 1

74 4 Wood Distillate Fuel Oil³ LPG² Electricity Natural Gas Other 63% 2009 Unit 24% None 13% Window/Wall Central System 50% 1980 27% Unit 30% 1% None 43% Window/Wall Central System 2% 6% 0 80 40 60 20 5% 35% 100 Percent Space Heating by Main Fuel, 2009 Air-Conditioning Equipment, 1980 and 2009 35 96 6 Two or More Not collected in 1997. Digital Video Recorder. Note: Total may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Source: Table 2.6. 6 7 Oven 14 Microwave omputers C 41 One 59 29 37 Dishwasher 2009 43 6 ) 79 7 ( DVR 1997 Dryer¹ Clothes 61 5 51 2009 82 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 VCR 88 Washer Clothes 74 1980 44 30 29 Freezer 38 Separate Three or More 33 23 Two 37 Televisions 14 Two or More 21 77 Refrigerators One One 32 86 0 0 60 40 20 80 20 80 60 40 100 Coal, solar, other fuel, or no heating equipment. Natural gas and electric. Liquefied petroleum gases. Video Cassette Recorder. Includes kerosene. 100 4 5 3 1 2 Percent Percent Share of Households With Selected Appliances, 1980 and 2009 54 Share of Households With Selected Electronics, 1997 and 2009 Figure 2.6 Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and Electronics

75 55 ." ot 18 1 0 82 8 1 0 16 3 9 0 0 30 22 17 9 36 32 0 -9 -5 -9 -6 -3 -5 -8 -6 -1 -4 NA NA NA NA NA NA -12 -26 -30 Change 1980 to 2009 Totals may n • 43 41 60 21 34 15 77 79 33 99 96 82 99 100 51 6 3 76 35 60 50 63 13 51 59 30 23 4 44 5 24 41 35 1 63 114 1 2 2009 59 NA 45 21 35 79 17 78 35 99 88 99 83 100 80 7 4 23 68 62 52 61 16 53 58 4 22 43 5 32 25 39 30 3 59 111 0 3 2005 90 42 NA 49 36 16 27 74 35 83 99 100 79 86 100 7 4 56 15 23 54 55 57 62 5 36 32 53 3 17 23 29 38 2 55 107 0 2 7 2001 12 29 NA 37 15 85 32 35 71 83 77 99 99 100 9 5 88 35 6 62 52 55 52 28 29 15 33 3 50 5 25 39 29 2 47 101 1 2 1997 For years not shown, there are no data available. • 5 34 33 70 85 36 14 99 77 84 100 100 11 5 53 32 63 57 53 45 5 3 15 28 35 25 38 26 2 44 97 1 3 NA NA NA NA NA 1993 84 69 35 36 42 16 76 99 100 79 100 11 5 53 55 53 59 32 15 5 3 45 28 34 29 23 37 2 39 94 1 4 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1990 1978 and 1979—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-84, "RECS • Data are estimates. • NA NA NA 43 15 35 66 40 86 98 75 99 61 100 12 6 NA NA NA 51 54 55 36 60 43 3 14 5 23 34 30 35 20 3 34 91 1 6 1987 Year Percent of Households Notes: NA=Not available. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/consumption/residential/. Sources: 1980 forward—EIA, Form EIA-457, "RECS." DVD players. equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • NA NA NA 46 62 16 34 88 46 98 73 99 34 100 12 6 NA NA NA 55 57 54 40 46 5 4 38 12 18 37 30 17 33 3 30 86 1 7 1984 NA NA NA 60 15 35 49 47 86 71 98 21 99 100 13 7 NA 42 56 45 NA 56 NA 57 5 4 36 13 37 15 30 32 16 3 28 84 1 7 1982 NA NA NA 34 51 46 61 87 16 98 73 100 17 100 14 7 NA 45 56 55 42 56 13 NA 4 4 NA 37 14 38 31 17 33 3 27 83 1 6 1981 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 46 NA 14 47 61 38 NA 86 NA 98 74 99 14 100 15 9 43 57 54 47 NA 55 14 37 4 5 NA 14 38 NA 30 18 32 2 27 82 6 1980 17 7 45 55 4 55 5 31 33 17 2 24 78 0 4 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1979 8 20 NA 44 NA 86 4 NA NA 4 NA 14 48 55 59 55 NA 74 8 99 100 33 33 16 3 23 77 NA 0 53 45 2 NA 35 NA 14 NA 35 1978 ... 1 ... ... ... 5 ... 3 3 5 ... 6 Appliance ... ... 2 2 or No Equipment ... 4 Households with both a central system and a window or wall unit are counted only under "Central The 2001 "Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)" only had one question for VCRs and Coal, solar, or other fuels. Includes kerosene. Fewer than 0.5 percent of the households do not have a refrigerator. Includes households that have but do not use space heating equipment. Retail (delivered) electricity. 6 5 3 7 1 4 2 able 2.6 Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and Electronics, Selected Years, 1978-2009 ater Heating - Main Fuel ir Conditioning - Equipment ppliances ystem." Includes households that have but do not use air conditioning equipment. lectronics pace Heating - Main Fuel otal Households (millions) Two or More ... One ... Separate Freezer ... Digital Video Recorder (DVR) ... Other or No Water Heating ... Clothes Dryer ... Computer ... Electric ... Two ... One ... Distillate Fuel Oil Three or More ... Television ... Wood ... Video Cassette Recorder (VCR) ... Electricity Refrigerator Natural Gas ... Natural Gas ... Central System Dishwasher ... Other Electric ... None ... Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... Two or More ... Range/Stove/Oven ... Clothes Washer ... Microwave Oven ... Electricity Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... Natural Gas ... One ... Printer ... Natural Gas ... Distillate Fuel Oil Window/Wall Unit W S E S A T A T

76 1 1 4 4 2 5 Other and None Other and None (s) (s) Coal³ Coal³ 14 34 2 2 Wood Wood 4 10 5 6 2009 2009 Kerosene, solar, and other. (s)=Less than 0.5. Source: Table 2.7. 4 LPG² LPG² 1950 1950 1 2 7 8 9 22 Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 34 38 Electricity Electricity 1 (s) 51 57 Natural Gas Natural Gas 11 26 0 0 40 20 60 40 60 20 Includes coal coke. Liquefied petroleum gases. Sum of components do not equal total due to independent rounding. Million Occupied Housing Units¹ Percent 1 2 3 56 By Fuel Type By Fuel Type, Share of Total Figure 2.7 Type of Heating in Occupied Housing Units, 1950 and 2009

77 57 . in s, s, g. th 53.02 63.45 42.83 72.52 69.34 84.64 94.73 97.69 90.89 78.57 99.49 93.15 88.43 75.28 83.18 93.68 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 105.44 108.87 105.84 102.80 111.81 110.69 annual survey 3 .7 .48 .6 .6 .9 .45 .40 .47 .4 .6 .7 .5 .4 .4 .7 .6 .9 .4 .3 .8 .68 .39 .7 .7 .7 .57 .91 .86 .66 .59 .66 .48 .54 .38 .62 .40 .44 .51 .53 3.7 1.57 1.1 1.0 1.04 None Census of Population and Housin 2 .22 .2 .1 .4 .4 .08 .15 .27 .2 .4 .3 .2 .7 .4 .5 .2 .2 .4 .4 .4 .1 .2 .16 .19 .2 .1 .1 .16 .10 .64 .36 .15 .46 .40 .24 .37 .50 .10 .28 .21 .41 .21 1.8 0.77 American Housing Survey for the United State Other .02 .1 .1 .01 .02 .03 .05 .02 .05 .02 .03 .03 .04 .02 .02 American Housing Survey for the United States, (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Solar .9 .60 .79 .85 2.24 1.3 9.7 4.2 1.2 4.17 4.8 1.6 1.67 4.09 6.0 3.6 4.8 7.1 4.3 4.9 1.6 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.4 2.3 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.89 1.24 6.25 3.53 1.70 1.79 5.45 1.14 1.41 1.56 4.10 1.47 4.59 1.78 4.44 Wood See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#consumption for all data beginning • 1950, 1960, and 1970—Bureau of the Census, • 1983 forward—Bureau of the Census, • Includes mobile homes and individual housing units in apartment buildings. Housing units wi • For related information, see http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/ahs.html. • Web Pages: Sources: Notes: .93 7.7 0.6 1.8 9.17 0.28 4.88 7.21 1973-1981—Bureau of the Census, Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. 1950. more than one type of heating system are classified according to the principal type of heating system • biennial surveys, Table 2-5. Table 2-5. • 12.6 10.4 18.5 30.7 32.41 15.68 25.5 24.6 27.4 26.5 20.8 22.7 16.9 32.6 18.6 30.3 29.4 31.5 14.8 30.6 33.9 15.49 13.24 34.26 36.08 25.11 31.14 20.61 29.20 11.15 26.77 32.34 18.36 23.71 23.06 37.85 Percent Electricity Million Occupied Housing Units Gas 55.2 56.4 43.1 26.0 55.5 22.85 11.12 35.01 38.46 40.93 55.2 51.3 54.13 46.70 50.4 50.6 50.3 51.3 50.6 50.5 51.2 55.4 51.3 55.2 50.9 51.9 55.1 51.7 50.8 47.40 47.67 51.05 52.37 54.93 49.20 56.81 41.54 56.32 56.68 47.02 45.96 45.33 46.08 43.32 Natural 4.42 6.0 0.98 2.69 3.81 5.1 5.7 4.15 2.3 6.4 5.7 4.6 6.04 3.87 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.8 5.82 5.40 4.17 5.7 5.5 6.13 3.92 5.91 4.18 4.25 5.2 3.88 3.66 5.3 5.7 6.23 5.4 5.0 3.66 5.6 3.58 4.13 6.10 has been a biennial survey. Gases Liquefied Petroleum U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .65 .5 .6 .45 .6 .4 .5 .8 .5 .64 .60 .5 .6 .72 .99 .57 .41 .44 .55 .5 .75 .7 .37 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.07 1.08 1.06 1.06 1.02 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Kerosene 9.81 9.3 8.6 7.9 9.50 9.46 9.8 7.3 9.38 8.21 9.0 8.74 14.9 12.59 13.3 20.7 32.4 14.0 11.8 22.1 12.3 19.5 17.0 22.5 14.1 10.2 11.2 10.03 10.10 14.13 26.0 17.24 12.47 24.9 15.30 11.17 12.44 16.47 16.30 10.98 11.47 17.16 12.74 15.62 Fuel Oil Distillate American Housing Survey for the United States 1 .1 .5 .13 .43 .2 .3 .30 .8 .13 .45 .21 .09 .4 .5 .36 .5 .1 .2 .4 .10 .6 .3 .10 .32 .41 .1 .18 .4 .45 .1 .2 .36 .34 .57 .1 .80 .17 1.2 2.9 6.46 1.82 33.8 12.2 14.48 Coal American Housing Survey for the United States: 2001. 6 6 5 5 Beginning in 2001, data are consistent with the 2000 Census. For 2001 data consistent with the 1990 Includes briquettes (made of pitch and sawdust), coal dust, waste material (such as corncobs), In 1950 and 1960, also includes nonreporting units, which totaled 997 and 2,000 units, respectively. Includes coal coke. Beginning in 1983, the Included in "Distillate Fuel Oil." 5 4 2 3 1 6 Year NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.05 percent. able 2.7 Type of Heating in Occupied Housing Units, Selected Years, 1950-2009 ensus, see 987 997 987 005 970 977 993 960 009 979 985 995 975 991 973 001 007 950 983 991 989 981 973 960 999 989 003 003 997 009 985 005 977 007 999 001 993 995 970 urchased steam, and other fuels not separately displayed. 950 979 975 983 981 2 p 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 C 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 T 1

78 f 3 1 2 4 5 2010 2010 6 Mileage Fuel Economy 2000 2005 Fuel Consumption Long Wheelbase Light-Duty Vehicles, Heavy-Duty Trucks Short Wheelbase Light-Duty Vehicles, 1990 2000 1980 sport utility vehicles, and a small number o vans, and sport utility vehicles with a wheel- ility vehicles with a wheelbase larger than 121 1995 1970 5 0 15 25 10 20 Miles per Gallon 1990 Fuel Economy, 1966-2010 4 2010 1985 5 2000 Through 2006, data are for vans, pickup trucks, Through 2006, data are for passenger cars (and, through 1989, for motorcycles). Beginning Heavy-Duty Trucks Source: Table 2.8. 6 5 1980 trucks with 2 axles and 4 tires, such as step vans. Beginning in 2007, data are for large inches. passenger cars, vans, pickup trucks, and sport ut base equal to or less than 121 inches. in 2007, data are for passenger cars, light trucks, Long Wheelbase Light-Duty Vehicles, 1990 6 1975 1980 Short Wheelbase 1970 Light-Duty Vehicles, 1970 1 2 5 4 3 0 Thousand Gallons per Vehicle Fuel Consumption, 1966-2010 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2010 1965 4 6 unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires or 5 2000 1960 Heavy-Duty Trucks Short Wheelbase 1990 Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase Light-Duty Vehicles, 1955 1980 1970 1950 0 8 0 25 50 75 32 16 24 150 175 100 125 Miles per vehicle. Through 2006, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires, and combina- Gallons per vehicle. Miles per gallon. Thousand Miles per Vehicle Index 1949=100 4 3 2 1 Figure 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy All Motor Vehicles, 1949-2010 Mileage, 1966-2010 58 a gross vehicle weight rating exceeding 10,000 pounds, and combination trucks. tion trucks. Beginning in 2007, data are for single-

79 59 in le n, a: Tab 17.2 17.4 13.1 12.8 12.7 12.5 12.4 17.5 16.9 16.9 16.4 16.7 14.6 17.2 12.1 13.3 16.7 14.5 17.1 13.6 17.1 15.9 17.0 16.8 16.9 14.2 12.3 16.9 12.4 14.7 17.6 15.6 15.1 16.7 14.1 16.9 12.5 17.0 16.9 17.1 12.0 12.2 Fuel Miles Economy per Gallon 4 All Other Dat 693 667 726 787 725 761 784 678 814 711 688 806 700 712 695 661 706 816 700 691 686 698 694 714 693 692 720 683 697 686 669 688 718 685 776 698 677 721 719 732 790 830 Fuel Gallons Table 4-13. per Vehicle Consumption All Motor Vehicles U.S. Department of Transportatio 9,498 9,321 9,732 9,661 9,826 9,774 9,477 9,644 9,722 9,760 9,458 9,978 9,627 9,976 Vehicle Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, 11,915 11,631 11,853 10,017 11,107 11,294 11,558 11,595 11,683 11,813 12,107 12,211 12,206 12,164 11,793 10,020 10,077 11,887 12,171 12,208 12,200 12,082 12,017 10,143 10,453 10,721 11,631 10,932 Mileage Miles per R R annual reports, Table VM-1. 6.4 6.5 9.0 8.2 8.4 8.0 7.8 6.4 5.9 6.7 6.0 5.8 6.7 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.0 5.6 6.1 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.5 6.2 5.6 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.3 6.5 6.0 5.5 6.4 5.9 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.5 R Fuel Miles 3,R Economy per Gallon 3 Highway Statistics, National Transportation Statistics 1998, Fuel 4,387 4,398 1,080 1,387 1,229 1,293 1,333 4,174 3,953 4,642 3,570 4,477 3,565 4,218 3,776 4,202 3,380 4,057 4,135 4,037 3,821 4,221 3,002 3,647 4,309 4,215 4,315 3,967 3,736 3,263 4,047 4,304 3,447 3,769 4,391 4,352 4,385 3,937 4,210 2,764 2,467 2,722 Gallons R 3,R per vehicle Consumption Heavy-Duty Trucks See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#consumption for all data beginning • Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase, 1990-1994: 1995 forward—FHWA, • 9,712 vehicle 28,573 28,290 10,851 10,316 10,576 10,693 26,609 26,514 26,092 26,235 26,014 18,502 19,931 22,550 23,349 26,602 24,229 25,373 26,262 27,023 16,700 27,032 18,045 20,597 15,438 19,016 22,926 25,231 28,093 23,603 21,083 25,617 22,485 25,397 27,071 22,143 26,274 25,838 18,736 15,167 13,565 Mileage For related information, see http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm. Miles per R • 3,R Included in "Heavy-Duty Trucks." Includes buses and motorcycles, which are not separately displayed. 5 4 Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Web Pages: 1949-1994—Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), • Bureau of Transportation Statistics, VM-201A. 1949. 2 5 5 5 5 5 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 17.1 17.3 17.2 17.3 12.2 16.2 17.3 17.8 17.2 13.7 17.6 12.5 13.5 14.6 16.1 15.4 17.3 11.2 16.2 17.0 17.2 17.4 17.2 17.5 17.4 11.9 11.6 14.3 14.0 16.1 17.3 10.8 14.9 17.7 17.0 10.5 10.0 Fuel Miles R 2,R Economy per Gallon 5 5 5 5 5 880 877 898 762 724 707 703 934 721 690 738 797 617 612 947 767 745 636 744 650 819 685 717 948 669 738 854 701 697 735 714 905 882 694 701 934 866 () () () () () R Fuel 2,R Gallons per Vehicle Consumption U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5 5 5 5 5 () () () () () Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase 9,829 8,676 Vehicle 14,970 15,256 15,463 11,811 12,381 10,437 10,127 12,430 12,245 10,764 11,672 10,244 12,115 10,276 10,607 11,287 10,506 10,497 10,920 11,151 12,173 11,902 10,920 12,156 11,676 12,018 11,465 11,364 10,968 15,252 11,184 11,957 10,802 11,114 11,204 Mileage Miles per R 2,R 1 22.9 23.7 23.5 13.8 14.5 20.2 20.7 22.1 14.1 21.1 23.5 16.5 14.6 21.5 15.0 21.1 21.4 16.9 14.6 20.5 21.2 14.0 19.0 15.0 22.5 17.5 14.3 14.3 17.1 22.2 21.9 21.0 17.4 16.0 22.5 22.0 17.4 18.0 13.5 18.8 21.6 22.1 Fuel Miles R 1,R Economy per Gallon 468 435 453 539 534 681 555 737 538 665 676 530 533 543 531 527 535 556 547 534 645 661 668 665 517 538 531 554 553 627 553 551 501 603 534 530 620 539 442 567 520 544 R Fuel 1,R Gallons per Vehicle Consumption 9,062 9,419 9,972 9,388 9,518 9,500 9,447 9,309 9,118 9,248 9,050 9,464 9,060 9,603 8,873 9,720 8,813 9,517 9,989 9,418 Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase Vehicle 10,710 10,290 10,649 11,848 11,203 10,992 12,460 10,157 12,325 10,391 12,485 11,330 12,202 10,857 11,581 10,504 10,804 10,571 11,831 11,754 11,976 12,510 Mileage Miles per R 1,R P Through 2006, data are for passenger cars (and, through 1989, for motorcycles). Beginning in 2007, Through 2006, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires, and combination trucks. Through 2006, data are for vans, pickup trucks, sport utility vehicles, and a small number of trucks with 2 1 3 able 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, Selected Years, 1949-2010 eginning in 2007, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires or a gross vehicle weight Year 991 997 994 949 981 976 002 995 992 989 998 006 987 980 970 984 990 996 977 009 005 960 982 955 975 axles and 4 tires, such as step vans. Beginning in 2007, data are for large passenger cars, vans, pickup 979 965 950 999 008 985 ata are for passenger cars, light trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles with a wheelbase equal to or less 010 001 004 007 988 993 983 003 986 978 000 ating exceeding 10,000 pounds, and combination trucks. han 121 inches. rucks, and sport utility vehicles with a wheelbase larger than 121 inches. 1 2 d 2 t 1 1 1 2 1 t 1 1 1 B 1 r 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 T 2 1 1 1 1

80 2003 0.6 0.2 2001 2.1 United States 3.6 1999 Q 1997 (s) West 0.4 1995 0.6 District Heat 1 1993 0.2 2 Fuel Oil² Electricity (s) Natural Gas District Heat Fuel Oil Source: Table 2.9. Q=Data withheld because either the relative standard error was greater than 50 percent or Note: See Appendix C for map of Census regions. fewer than 20 buildings were sampled. South 1991 0.5 1.5 Natural Gas 1989 0.2 Electricity¹ 1987 (s) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Midwest 0.8 1985 0.8 1983 0.2 0.2 1981 Northeast 0.5 0.6 1979 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 0 Electricity only; excludes electrical system energy losses. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and kerosene. Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu (s)=Less than 0.05 quadrillion Btu. 2 1 By Survey Year, 1979-2003 60 By Census Region, 2003 Figure 2.9 Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source

81 61 ll y n al or All 201 5,321 5,733 3,098 3,559 6,523 2,608 1,946 433 2,100 533 2,023 235 179 228 4,965 5,490 585 5,788 4,977 1,908 4,823 2,174 2,609 2,129 2,091 681 2,390 2,174 2,773 314 289 2,073 1,723 435 422 357 272 636 442 Buildings West Q Q 1,106 1,147 631 645 1,063 587 371 396 360 7 9 8 526 896 998 121 331 566 26 682 1,126 227 255 510 604 30 311 51 376 311 51 391 23 Q Q Q Q 98 1 67 83 1,542 1,961 1,247 1,684 1,027 45 528 29 15 618 527 1,395 126 470 662 237 78 34 1,825 104 1,459 801 975 1,462 1,648 697 50 523 1,002 81 867 498 426 48 182 86 Q 2,265 South 132 173 799 5 662 16 1,497 1,509 750 1,799 24 558 751 709 159 28 183 133 673 1,826 141 61 93 593 196 1,585 1,578 584 1,007 747 609 622 978 26 1,821 831 742 1,659 225 63 Census Region Midwest 543 587 436 324 425 419 430 586 135 136 168 138 181 297 299 1,035 1,116 1,396 462 64 84 172 179 94 237 123 285 194 1,217 443 278 354 858 353 1,037 1,090 244 1,354 166 270 Northeast 1983—EIA, Form EIA-788, "Nonresidential Buildings Energ • All 420 606 679 521 486 460 57 87 79 99 784 576 552 715 649 566 409 126 65 214 70 68 1,455 1,225 1,237 134 122 67 232 135 1,616 532 543 1,274 1,404 1,202 563 1,538 247 130 Other 1986—EIA, Form EIA-871, "Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumptio • 74 75 29 28 18 1,134 1,089 1,019 767 719 239 269 676 219 58 167 68 75 107 71 109 47 43 1,018 861 509 424 272 365 1,247 1,008 388 258 704 641 238 781 1,230 128 39 Office 1979—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-143, "Nonresidenti • 1989 forward—EIA, Form EIA-871A-F, "Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey." 18 49 41 1,333 1,145 659 395 883 973 403 446 508 103 43 12 76 55 894 361 426 327 422 812 985 381 892 1,048 417 550 332 444 536 105 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q • Mercantile and Service Note: Data are estimates. Statistics for individual fuels are for all buildings using each fuel. Statistics f Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/. Sources: buildings were sampled. NC=No cases in the sample. Buildings Energy Consumption Survey." buildings using any of those fuels. Consumption Survey." Survey." "Major Sources" are for the sum of "Electricity," "Natural Gas," "Fuel Oil," and "District Heat," across a Q Q Q Q Q 68 35 450 510 57 235 196 461 213 187 215 181 24 18 20 22 170 151 10 278 16 119 115 362 299 65 463 425 193 105 189 138 120 187 20 Lodging Q Q 594 46 515 11 258 70 248 232 21 561 19 217 211 243 22 97 28 70 147 463 469 218 129 221 17 449 21 456 92 403 80 189 138 154 186 205 55 132 Care Health Principal Building Activity Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 427 447 332 158 217 216 203 216 166 15 171 414 188 212 336 145 255 157 307 247 121 114 113 128 138 Food Service 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 251 201 165 137 208 18 119 147 139 137 113 24 105 27 99 45 39 31 NC NC Food Sales U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 511 163 107 27 214 649 820 371 257 614 221 268 227 245 117 134 57 91 48 47 480 704 633 637 217 291 235 323 254 246 179 152 103 71 49 61 97 62 21 Q Education Over 1,508 231 608 136 532 2,053 2,721 1,838 1,164 1,469 926 709 616 580 60 60 213 83 460 271 2,127 1,932 1,646 1,696 1,056 586 809 121 597 670 758 86 523 1,033 90 75 315 243 238 202 100,000 2,202 872 272 61 996 2,300 2,553 909 1,405 1,235 2,152 803 73 830 74 1,064 158 165 104 154 2,301 2,008 1,935 2,402 170 206 903 715 927 1,145 836 991 809 1,017 140 111 252 83 159 182 100,000 10,001 to Square Footage Category 429 177 1,255 646 685 482 29 71 604 1,248 698 1,381 71 618 535 1,332 684 1,242 485 19 86 572 1,258 101 85 469 572 1,273 1,259 568 586 654 114 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 10,000 1,001 to 2 7 5 ... ... ... ... ... 6 4 4 4 4 4 Through 1983, includes purchased steam only. Beginning in 1986, includes purchased and Beginning in 1995, excludes commercial buildings at multi-building manufacturing facilities, and Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and kerosene. Includes electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat. Electricity only; excludes electricity system energy losses. Included in "Food Service." See Appendix C for map of Census regions. and Year 7 5 1 6 4 2 3 1979 ... 1979 ... 1979 ... 1979 ... 1979 ... Q=Data withheld because either the relative standard error was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 1999 ... 2003 ... 1999 ... 2003 ... 1999 ... 2003 ... 2003 ... 2003 ... 1999 ... 1999 ... 1983 ... 1983 ... 1989 ... 1995 1989 ... 1986 ... 1986 ... 1986 ... 1989 ... 1983 ... 1995 1983 ... 1992 ... 1992 ... 1992 ... 1989 ... 1992 ... 1995 1983 ... 1995 1986 ... 1995 1986 ... 1989 ... 1992 ... able 2.9 Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source, Selected Years, 1979-2003 ajor Sources atural Gas istrict Heat lectricity Energy Source uel Oil arking garages. on-purchased steam and hot water. (Trillion Btu) N E n M p D T F

82 2003 2003 1999 1999 Fuel Oil² Electricity¹ Electricity¹ Natural Gas District Heat Natural Gas District Heat Fuel Oil² 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1979 1979 0 0 25 50 75 125 100 1.2 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.9 Thousand Btu Dollars³ Expenditures Per Square Foot Consumption per Square Foot 2003 2003 1999 1999 Natural Gas Electricity¹ District Heat District Heat Note: For years not shown, there are no data available. Source: Table 2.10. Electricity¹ Natural Gas Fuel Oil² 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 Fuel Oil² 1979 1979 0 1 2 4 3 0 30 90 60 Billion Dollars³ Quadrillion Btu Expenditures Consumption U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2003 2003 Fuel Oil² Electricity¹ District Heat 1999 1999 Electricity¹ Natural Gas District Heat Natural Gas Fuel Oil² 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1979 1979 0 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. Electricity only; excludes electrical system energy losses. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and kerosene. 1 2 5 4 3 0 30 60 90 3 2 1 Thousand Square Feet Thousands of Buildings Energy Source Used Square Footage per Building by 62 Buildings by Energy Source Used Figure 2.10 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditure Indicators, Selected Years, 1979-2003

83 63 y n al or 1 Per 5.83 6.30 6.59 6.67 6.21 9.10 11.45 13.14 8.23 21.71 4.63 5.00 12.24 11.48 6.75 12.06 13.08 20.17 19.74 5.11 18.45 12.45 6.68 5.14 4.66 4.06 22.09 8.01 23.26 7.62 2.67 5.47 4.55 4.85 4.44 21.44 14.22 5.24 5.35 16.54 Dollars Million Btu 1 Per .55 .57 .57 .59 .34 .55 1.31 1.19 .60 .99 .24 .08 1.13 1.06 1.12 0.78 1.04 .19 .14 .55 .91 .22 .81 .84 .24 .87 .11 .11 1.18 .33 .19 .34 .22 .22 .22 1.21 1.01 .23 .07 1.51 Dollars Square Foot 1 Per 15.3 3.6 13.0 1.9 17.5 14.9 14.6 15.6 11.0 12.9 12.5 2.5 11.9 3.1 3.9 4.3 7.9 4.8 13.0 3.9 17.9 6.3 3.1 6.0 3.8 3.8 3.7 17.5 15.1 4.0 2.2 22.2 28.3 33.8 26.9 41.2 30.7 39.3 108.4 30.4 Energy Expenditures Building Thousand Dollars 1 1983—EIA, Form EIA-788, "Nonresidential Buildings Energ • Total 9,018 56,621 3,103 1,175 57,619 39,279 2,765 1,400 47,186 2,627 55,943 23,751 3,857 2,901 1,822 2,102 2,059 2,620 1,267 16,010 7,279 82,783 11,443 5,814 8,355 9,901 9,204 3,564 10,609 66,424 956 1,826 69,918 33,821 55,764 71,821 60,762 70,826 81,552 107,897 Million Dollars 1986—EIA, Form EIA-871, "Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumptio • 5 5 5 5 5 Per ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 69.3 38.7 34.1 51.2 10.2 85.0 65.7 68.6 81.9 77.1 34.4 52.4 40.5 39.3 32.7 56.5 36.6 28.9 32.4 60.9 26.5 15.1 19.8 27.7 21.0 40.6 52.5 42.5 35.2 43.2 70.0 37.9 50.1 36.0 9.1 Million Btu Employee 1979—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-143, "Nonresidenti • 1989 forward—EIA, Form EIA-871A-F, "Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey." • Per 90.5 94.1 45.7 51.0 16.3 91.6 86.6 98.2 80.9 115.0 59.7 44.1 45.0 62.1 42.3 54.0 39.2 44.2 89.0 91.2 82.9 20.6 40.1 33.4 28.3 71.3 61.6 50.4 48.3 46.2 85.1 91.0 114.0 44.4 50.7 73.6 47.1 43.3 14.0 13.5 Note: Data are estimates. Statistics for individual fuels are for all buildings using each fuel. Statistics f Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/. non-purchased steam and hot water. major sources are for all buildings, even buildings using no major fuel. Buildings Energy Consumption Survey." Consumption Survey." Survey." Square Foot Thousand Btu Per Energy Consumption 600 785 1,162 387 4,849 1,142 697 636 566 646 1,278 603 1,213 1,525 1,630 714 614 4,267 827 4,530 1,063 4,596 5,446 487 5,964 1,167 1,098 818 857 778 771 828 758 706 1,231 1,342 412 3,692 490 9,470 Building Million Btu Total 5,321 1,946 2,608 235 533 5,788 272 585 2,609 2,773 357 4,856 5,490 681 2,129 422 1,908 435 5,040 289 314 442 2,390 5,008 201 2,174 2,073 2,091 2,174 1,723 433 228 6,523 3,098 2,100 3,559 636 179 2,023 5,733 Trillion Btu U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 12.8 23.7 51.5 15.4 13.1 14.4 14.3 14.1 59.7 14.0 21.7 17.8 79.0 14.0 14.2 15.8 15.5 20.6 67.0 72.9 21.3 14.3 23.6 55.4 14.4 16.4 16.9 17.8 17.0 16.8 14.7 15.0 50.2 35.0 83.0 15.2 17.1 14.5 30.6 19.1 Thousands Square Feet per Building Total 58,772 38,145 57,076 14,421 5,658 6,578 12,600 63,184 4,643 48,327 58,199 5,245 4,625 66,525 56,508 67,876 49,471 11,397 9,409 3,722 11,005 13,215 43,546 43,153 61,563 44,994 33,935 37,263 30,477 41,143 71,658 16,265 5,576 65,716 67,338 13,285 48,473 45,525 70,181 5,891 Millions Square Feet Building Characteristics 4,579 110 4,343 607 2,478 4,154 3,001 77 3,185 47 534 441 3,073 560 64 641 581 95 4,528 98 3,965 4,294 3,052 4,611 4,806 2,214 2,420 1,904 2,657 1,864 4,657 117 4,617 2,538 434 2,670 4,859 465 4,395 67 Buildings Thousands Number of 2 7 4 ... ... ... ... ... 6 3 3 3 3 3 and Year Through 1983, includes purchased steam only. Beginning in 1986, includes purchased and Beginning in 1995, excludes commercial buildings at multi-building manufacturing facilities, and Electricity only; excludes electricity system energy losses. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and kerosene. Total number of employees not collected in 2003. Includes electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat. Energy Source 7 3 5 1 6 2 4 1983 ... 1979 ... 1983 ... 1992 ... 1979 ... 1989 ... 1979 ... 1986 ... 1979 ... 1995 1983 ... 1986 ... 1986 ... 1983 ... 1995 1992 ... 1992 ... 1989 ... 1989 ... 1992 ... 1986 ... 1989 ... 1995 1995 1995 1979 ... 1983 ... 1989 ... 1992 ... 1986 ... 1999 ... 2003 ... 1999 ... 2003 ... 1999 ... 1999 ... 2003 ... 1999 ... 2003 ... 2003 ... able 2.10 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditure Indicators, Selected Years, 1979-2003 ajor Sources atural Gas istrict Heat lectricity uel Oil arking garages. E D M F p T N

84 267 418 Other¹ Other² ectrical system energy 149 24 Service Cooking y 167 Public cant, and buildings that do not fit into any of 69 Assembl Office onsumption, excluding el Equipment 208 Food Sales 88 Water Heating 217 Food Service 156 Computers Religious worship, public order and safety, va Note: Data are estimates for electricity c Source: Table 2.11. 2 235 the other named categories. losses. Lodging g All Other End Uses Lighting Cooling 167 Space Heatin e g 244 Warehouse and Stora 381 Refrigeration 248 Health Care U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 436 Ventilation 371 equipment, and sprinkler controls; scoreboards, onic, and testing equipment; conveyors, wrappers, hop tools and electronic testing equipment; sign Education dryers, and cleaning equipment; escalators, eleva- 481 ts, radios, projectors, and door operators. Cooling 719 Office 1,340 Lighting 733 Mercantile 0 0 500 Examples of “other” include medical, electr 1,000 1,500 1 400 800 600 200 Trillion Btu Trillion Btu (Cumulative) tors, dumb waiters, and window washers; s fire alarms, intercoms, television se hoists, and compactors; washers, disposals, motors, time clocks, vending machines, phone 64 By Principal Building Activity By End Use Figure 2.11 Commercial Buildings Electricity Consumption by End Use, 2003

85 65 y s. 8 8 62 35 19 149 Total 371 24 20 523 167 3,559 133 2 217 7 733 69 178 15 211 244 57 1 36 21 15 7 10 61 23 18 418 22 21 24 15 91 83 28 22 10 30 Other 10 32 2 3 3 8 1 5 2 6 7 74 11 3 2 5 4 (s) 156 Computers 4 4 2 2 5 69 2 2 32 8 1 3 2 1 (s) Q Q Q Q Office Equipment (s) 8 16 119 4 6 27 9 381 10 70 12 4 35 49 9 22 3 36 Refrigeration 24 Q Q Q Q 2 1 2 2 13 1 2 1 2 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Data are estimates for electricity consumption, excluding electrical system energy losse • Cooking Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Surve Notes: One kilowatthour = 3,412 Btu. 2003," Table E3A. • than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled. 28 17 27 1,340 59 105 113 46 4 63 197 42 124 76 132 281 18 308 111 Lighting Q Q Q 88 2 11 36 10 2 12 2 7 3 38 2 (s) (s) (s) (s) Water Heating 42 4 63 83 5 51 11 14 24 1 38 7 24 10 63 68 16 20 436 Ventilation U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 34 9 35 11 74 84 481 16 2 12 15 25 28 101 24 109 8 25 13 Cooling 6 3 15 5 3 52 167 2 14 1 33 6 3 6 10 58 2 6 5 Space Heating ... End Use ... 2 Examples of "other" include medical, electronic, and testing equipment; conveyors, wrappers, hoists, Includes buildings that do not fit into any of the other named categories. 2 1 (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Q=Data withheld because either the relative standard error was greater able 2.11 Commercial Buildings Electricity Consumption by End Use, 2003 achines, phone equipment, and sprinkler controls; scoreboards, fire alarms, intercoms, television sets, ll Buildings rincipal Building Activity nd compactors; washers, disposals, dryers and cleaning equipment; escalators, elevators, dumb waiters, nd window washers; shop tools and electronic testing equipment; sign motors, time clocks, vending (Trillion Btu) adios, projectors, and door operators. Enclosed and Strip Malls ... Food Sales ... Inpatient ... Education ... Public Assembly ... Office ... Food Service ... Warehouse and Storage ... Vacant ... Outpatient ... Religious Worship ... Mercantile ... Public Order and Safety ... Health Care ... Service ... Lodging ... Retail (Other Than Mall) ... Other A a P a m r T

86 ition to . each sector's share of total electricity power plant use of electricity, trans- and 7 percent is lost in transmission and distribution cated to the end-use sectors in proportion to mission and distribution of electricity from power plants to end-use consumers (also called “line losses”), and unaccounted for electricity. Total losses are allo- sales. Overall, about two thirds of total energy input is lost in conversion. losses is a result of imputing fossil energy equivalent inputs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar thermal, photovoltaic, and wind energy sources. In add Currently, of electricity generated, approximately 5 percent is lost in plant use conversion losses, other losses included U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Electrical system energy losses are nerators. The loss is a thermodynamically sales—see Tables 8.9 and A6. Most of these losses occur at steam-electric mechanical energy to turn electric ge power plants (conventional and nuclear) in the conversion of heat energy into necessary feature of the steam-electric cycle. Part of the energy input-to-output power sector—see Table 2.1f—and the total energy content of electricity retail calculated as the difference between total primary consumption by the electric Note. Electrical System Energy Losses. 66 Energy Consumption by Sector

87 3. Financial Indicators

88 2010 Coal 2010 Crude Oil Natural Gas Fossil Fuel Composite 2005 2005 2000 2000 1995 1995 1990 1990 1985 1985 Based on real prices in chained (2005) dollars. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. Source: Table 3.1. 2 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1965 1965 gross domestic product implicit price deflators 1960 1960 1955 1955 1950 1950 0 5 0 60 20 40 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using -60 -40 -20 20 15 10 1 Percent Real (2005) Dollars¹ per Million Btu in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. Prices, 1949-2011 68 Fossil Fuel Composite Price,² Change From Previous Year, 1950-2011 Figure 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices

89 69 5 le 7 .8 6.2 3.4 8.7 3.8 5.1 5.0 1.8 – – (s) -3.3 -4.8 -2.3 -1.4 -7.8 -3.6 -1.5 -3.1 -5.8 -3.6 -5.5 -5.6 -5.3 -2.5 R 15.4 10.9 21.3 54.2 22.9 17.3 32.1 13.4 23.4 37.2 28.9 27.0 -14.1 -22.8 -12.8 -12.5 -39.7 -10.4 -35.6 R R R R R Percent Change 4 6 4.58 1.81 4.74 3.73 2.55 2.40 1.90 2.79 6.01 2.76 1.52 2.45 4.85 1.65 2.13 2.54 2.19 2.40 2.67 2.29 2.23 1.91 4.08 2.93 3.62 1.39 1.74 1.31 3.29 4.97 4.27 4.66 4.68 2.16 2.62 1.63 4.42 1.80 2.62 3.23 2.13 5.25 4.47 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Fossil Fuel Composite 5 .27 .28 .82 .90 .26 .28 .32 4.73 1.84 6.52 1.81 0.26 4.74 2.21 1.47 2.53 1.66 2.76 1.65 3.61 1.12 5.50 1.41 1.67 1.42 1.70 1.01 1.53 1.67 1.82 4.95 1.67 3.97 2.65 1.53 2.04 2.51 2.60 2.70 1.65 4.96 3.10 2.74 R R R Nominal 6 9.97 8.87 4.78 8.67 3.02 6.55 3.09 4.15 3.09 3.51 3.60 4.21 3.94 3.84 2.88 2.67 2.19 3.14 4.10 4.98 3.24 3.93 3.83 5.05 3.91 3.98 7.79 2.47 2.95 3.81 8.85 7.46 2.84 7.83 5.19 3.42 2.25 6.74 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R 14.93 14.56 10.80 11.61 10.48 R R R 3 Crude Oil 5 See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Tab Based on real values. 5 7 6 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – – = Not applicable. (s)=Less than 0.05 percent and greater than -0.0 Sources: Tables 5.18, 6.7, 7.9, A2, A4, and A5. Web Page: For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#financial. .49 .43 .50 .48 .55 D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. percent. 8.67 9.72 4.92 4.46 0.44 3.72 3.45 2.52 2.76 2.97 2.68 4.61 3.88 6.34 3.77 1.32 1.55 1.87 2.85 2.66 4.52 2.18 2.46 5.48 4.75 2.27 4.15 2.17 3.18 2.16 1.41 2.73 1.48 16.21 10.29 16.51 12.88 11.47 Nominal 6 .73 .63 .68 .43 .54 2.14 4.01 6.67 6.64 4.01 3.03 3.04 5.61 0.37 3.99 2.48 5.11 2.05 2.28 1.72 2.90 3.75 2.07 1.20 3.18 2.07 1.98 2.36 2.47 4.03 2.32 2.19 3.68 2.09 5.34 2.35 3.66 1.49 1.91 2.77 4.70 2.27 3.43 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R 2 Natural Gas 5 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .15 .06 .09 .13 .15 .40 .53 .72 .84 1.45 3.33 0.05 1.55 5.79 7.25 6.64 2.22 2.40 2.26 1.52 1.53 1.98 3.32 4.95 2.67 1.96 3.62 2.10 1.57 1.40 3.60 1.77 2.32 1.75 1.67 1.48 1.08 1.84 1.50 1.80 4.42 5.67 4.08 R R R Nominal 6 .90 .93 .94 .91 .92 .92 .96 R 2.21 2.30 1.16 1.45 1.21 1.52 1.44 1.95 1.51 1.20 1.42 1.38 1.87 1.12 1.08 1.09 1.04 2.52 2.41 1.01 1.04 2.34 1.41 1.27 2.43 1.01 1.62 1.13 1.72 2.04 1.59 2.41 1.62 1.18 2.26 1.32 Real R R R R R R R R R 1 Coal 5 .83 .99 .87 .88 .19 .97 .98 .21 .87 .91 .79 .88 .19 .98 .27 .85 .86 .18 .85 .87 .84 .80 .93 1.06 1.67 1.09 1.29 1.00 1.18 1.18 1.16 1.16 1.15 1.23 1.24 1.01 1.77 1.10 1.55 1.00 0.21 1.05 1.83 Nominal P Wellhead prices (converted to dollars per million Btu using marketed production heat contents). See Derived by multiplying the price per Btu of each fossil fuel by the total Btu content of the production of Free-on-board (F.O.B.) rail/barge prices, which are the F.O.B. prices of coal at the point of first sale, Domestic first purchase prices. See "Crude Oil Domestic First Purchase Price" in Glossary. 4 2 3 1 able 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 991 992 010 009 970 997 008 975 960 993 007 977 955 989 978 006 950 011 979 988 005 996 994 990 998 949 980 004 xcluding freight or shipping and insurance costs. See "Free on Board (F.O.B.)" in Glossary. 981 982 965 987 999 003 995 ach fossil fuel and dividing this accumulated value of total fossil fuel production by the accumulated Btu 985 983 002 984 986 000 001 976 ontent of total fossil fuel production. (Dollars per Million Btu) Natural Gas Wellhead Price" in Glossary. 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 e 1 1 1 " 1 2 2 1 1 e 1 c 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1

90 2010 Coal Crude Oil 2000 Natural Gas 1990 1980 1970 Production 1960 1950 0 75 25 50 150 200 175 125 100 See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. Sources: Tables 3.2, 3.7, and 3.8. 2 Billion Real (2005) Dollars¹ Production by Fuel, 1949-2011 2010 Exports Imports 2000 128 Exports Production U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 ng gross domestic product implicit price defla- 1980 453 Imports 1970 1960 334 Production 1950 0 0 50 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by usi 300 100 500 400 200 250 450 200 300 150 100 350 400 1 Billion Nominal Dollars² Billion Real (2005) Dollars¹ tors in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. Overview, 1949-2011 70 Overview, 2011 Figure 3.2 Value of Fossil Fuel Production, Imports, and Exports

91 71 le 6 97.77 60.99 77.23 56.64 51.88 65.76 60.72 Real R R R R R R R 256.16 127.89 136.17 133.85 184.58 138.05 132.34 285.94 146.94 109.48 103.78 129.06 148.47 208.35 151.92 252.07 205.44 255.15 168.25 125.77 110.83 163.27 259.75 260.35 118.92 307.36 138.92 124.68 345.61 262.86 149.40 150.02 234.47 187.59 260.46 294.36 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Total 5 7.52 8.30 96.57 18.80 10.12 93.10 44.96 84.69 88.73 83.68 82.16 61.43 95.08 11.30 95.50 93.52 49.34 55.52 97.24 13.11 96.05 88.59 375.27 288.30 225.43 201.66 107.96 148.13 125.54 149.27 106.43 106.35 173.75 144.50 155.74 147.10 279.23 264.44 120.47 160.66 158.58 260.46 333.69 R R R Nominal 6 55.90 68.26 59.84 45.49 33.80 50.97 60.70 28.98 54.79 45.96 40.12 42.89 40.86 70.74 41.45 47.94 68.63 64.17 39.84 75.35 52.52 51.20 74.42 32.27 72.40 90.08 63.34 62.92 69.80 38.46 95.03 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 190.16 162.34 134.54 115.75 100.48 144.05 142.14 156.92 128.00 107.68 140.60 174.51 R R R R R R R R R R R 3,4 Crude Oil 5 8.15 7.42 4.68 4.95 6.88 72.93 57.14 35.00 47.21 40.57 39.45 25.79 32.07 24.37 35.61 23.45 99.40 44.07 39.63 53.77 67.93 83.05 44.77 24.80 56.93 46.25 41.97 37.48 11.19 33.40 46.93 28.60 84.10 43.68 90.03 78.88 95.03 149.32 110.25 111.16 122.96 170.38 197.83 R Nominal In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Tab See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 5 6 Web Page: For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#financial. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Sources: Tables 5.1b, 5.18, 6.2, 6.7, 7.2, and 7.9. D1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. 6 9.61 2.24 5.67 3.00 44.91 70.34 90.69 44.00 32.58 82.42 45.71 83.77 37.05 49.94 40.62 15.31 49.46 75.59 45.17 81.40 44.95 51.92 72.40 67.14 55.15 51.70 63.63 90.42 12.87 75.85 45.61 42.51 43.95 26.34 41.87 54.46 84.22 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 154.96 103.55 120.15 118.83 110.10 138.74 R R R R R 2 Natural Gas 5 .94 .44 3.73 8.85 2.57 0.33 1.79 79.45 46.09 24.16 36.46 29.11 58.66 82.28 48.69 31.80 38.72 43.37 32.09 15.82 30.24 30.58 32.71 18.18 43.73 43.35 97.47 39.12 39.51 11.57 42.99 32.56 30.39 45.71 30.28 74.33 95.47 R 168.26 100.36 126.23 124.03 106.57 138.74 R R Nominal U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 6 35.24 13.87 23.84 28.61 32.56 42.79 28.34 21.07 23.67 15.96 38.36 19.84 11.27 31.28 25.09 41.18 37.72 30.99 20.30 34.79 28.28 37.71 23.36 36.13 41.61 32.70 36.23 21.34 17.37 23.97 21.60 12.03 27.39 23.07 33.62 30.76 33.72 36.81 20.32 42.36 35.63 22.90 26.69 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1 Coal 5 2.10 2.40 2.91 2.52 2.30 3.88 40.39 38.61 21.75 22.94 35.73 22.16 19.45 18.55 18.02 12.67 13.91 20.97 22.39 26.69 19.68 20.45 18.30 21.20 20.32 21.40 14.65 13.40 19.68 18.77 36.62 21.40 19.75 20.98 21.18 30.04 20.06 22.84 19.77 19.13 22.27 19.60 29.25 R Nominal P Coal values are based on free-on-board (F.O.B.) rail/barge prices, which are the F.O.B. prices of coal Crude oil values are based on domestic first purchase prices. See "Crude Oil Domestic First Natural gas values are for marketed production based on wellhead prices. See "Natural Gas Includes lease condensate. 1 3 4 2 able 3.2 Value of Fossil Fuel Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 arketed Production" and "Natural Gas Wellhead Price" in Glossary. lossary. urchase Price" in Glossary. Year 991 996 955 985 983 950 010 008 997 965 982 994 990 986 007 998 949 970 011 981 984 993 992 987 999 006 980 005 t the point of first sale, excluding freight or shipping and insurance costs. See "Free on Board (F.O.B.)" in 009 000 975 988 979 004 001 976 960 989 978 002 003 995 977 (Billion Dollars) 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 a 1 G 1 1 2 M 1 1 1 1 1 P 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 T 2

92 5 17.97 Other 0.62 Fuel Nuclear 11.70 2.42 Coal Residual Fuel Oil aviation gasoline, kerosene, 16.28 3.45 Jet Fuel Biomass² 4 um coke, special naphthas, waxes, and miscella- LPG Gas 19.61 7.41 Natural price for asphalt and road oil, 20.62 20.32 Fuel Oil Distillate Petroleum 21.98 Motor 28.92 Retail Gasoline Electricity 0 5 5 0 10 15 25 20 20 15 10 35 30 25 Consumption-weighted average Dollars¹ per Million Btu Source: Table 3.3. 5 Dollars¹ per Million Btu lubricants, petrochemical feedstocks, petrole neous petroleum products. By Petroleum Product, 2010 By Energy Type, 2010 0 201 2010 Coal Petroleum 2005 Natural Gas Biomass² 2005 ethanol and biodiesel. 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 1995 Nuclear Fuel 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 0 8 4 3 0 9 6 21 Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel Liquefied petroleum gases. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. Based on nominal dollars. 12 20 16 12 24 18 15 3 4 2 1 Index: 1970=1.00 Dollars¹ per Million Btu Prior to 2001, also includes non-biomass waste. Prices³ by Energy Type, Indexed, 1970-2010 72 Total Energy, 1970-2010 Figure 3.3 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source

93 73 e d ic 6, s" or ar er 9,10,14 8.21 7.56 8.29 8.25 8.37 8.25 8.39 8.46 4.23 3.57 2.87 7.30 3.33 5.21 6.89 8.13 2.02 7.34 7.26 8.03 3.98 1.65 8.20 1.76 8.53 1.84 8.80 8.75 8.30 8.28 Total R R R R 17.02 18.24 10.28 17.36 21.37 10.73 12.87 11.42 10.06 18.73 15.55 R Energy 13 9.13 7.42 8.61 5.86 4.98 5.54 5.30 Retail 10.92 19.84 18.16 19.32 19.05 20.38 18.62 28.90 26.84 28.64 20.03 26.15 19.05 21.41 16.14 18.68 18.74 10.11 13.95 18.98 18.50 20.06 11.78 21.85 21.15 19.52 20.33 20.13 20.16 22.38 20.29 19.80 28.92 23.92 Electricity 11,12 .97 .87 .47 .38 .42 There are no direct fuel costs f 1.27 1.91 2.05 1.40 1.48 1.40 2.02 2.45 2.68 3.21 2.48 1.71 1.60 1.03 2.04 1.50 1.38 1.49 2.02 1.17 1.51 1.77 1.85 1.57 1.36 2.00 1.29 1.84 1.33 1.32 1.54 0.32 1.35 1.38 2.61 2.62 • R Power Electric Sector 9,10 5.12 4.93 4.46 4.29 4.26 5.33 2.72 5.70 9.37 2.34 1.94 2.19 3.97 5.25 4.00 3.47 4.24 2.58 3.89 1.29 5.83 5.04 4.57 4.07 4.23 4.37 4.63 1.15 1.18 7.37 6.28 4.27 5.25 4.66 1.08 4.08 9.24 R R R R R R R 10.74 10.21 12.93 10.63 Total R 8 3.13 3.27 3.69 3.32 1.57 1.28 1.50 2.60 1.50 1.39 2.12 1.53 1.42 2.08 1.39 2.26 2.53 2.44 1.32 2.47 2.09 2.52 2.07 1.32 1.61 1.88 1.58 1.31 1.29 1.33 1.39 1.27 2.19 1.40 1.98 1.34 1.25 1.15 2.17 3.10 3.45 R R R R R Biomass .55 .63 .56 .25 .70 .24 .54 .20 .71 .30 .19 .44 .43 .73 .27 .67 .48 .67 .71 .58 .34 .70 .59 .46 .18 .18 .54 .42 .51 .42 .50 .56 .48 .43 .51 .46 .43 .62 .44 .47 0.18 Fuel Nuclear Prices include taxes where data are available. 3.35 3.47 7.20 5.74 3.06 7.01 8.40 8.68 7.63 6.43 3.84 6.04 5.91 7.68 7.07 7.77 1.97 3.73 9.32 5.23 7.47 7.40 9.82 1.78 1.78 7.06 8.83 7.86 8.01 7.28 7.33 1.71 6.63 • Total R R R R R R R 16.87 10.31 12.27 19.47 17.92 24.18 20.32 15.53 R Retail electricity prices paid by ultimate customers, reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 199 Consumption-weighted average electric power sector price for coal, natural gas, petroleum, nucle Consumption-weighted average price for primary energy and retail electricity in the four end-us 7 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, "State Energy Data 2010: Prices and Expenditure Notes: R=Revised. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm. 12 13 14 utilities and independent power producers. hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, or solar energy. sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation); excludes energy in the electric pow fuel, wood, waste, and electricity imports. heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electr (June 2012), U.S. Table ET1. other energy service providers. sector. Industry Classification System) 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity an 5.73 8.67 5.80 7.60 3.45 7.87 6.41 3.27 3.08 5.51 5.26 4.70 2.94 7.04 7.72 5.82 2.60 5.63 1.58 5.49 7.55 5.50 7.04 1.49 1.45 8.56 6.20 5.02 5.30 6.59 5.47 5.89 1.38 7.62 5.74 14.30 14.94 10.98 13.37 18.83 17.97 Other R 2 .75 .58 .62 2.86 2.37 4.75 2.26 1.93 2.28 4.91 1.90 2.35 2.62 2.83 1.82 2.72 3.88 3.99 3.17 4.50 4.65 2.14 2.08 4.30 4.32 9.69 2.32 4.75 2.93 2.46 0.42 2.51 4.92 3.91 2.15 2.80 6.65 7.93 8.57 12.64 11.70 Fuel Oil Residual 6 8.89 8.02 4.84 8.83 4.32 8.93 5.13 5.24 6.79 3.10 9.84 8.96 4.65 9.12 7.33 7.23 9.01 9.12 7.11 2.88 2.90 9.22 2.85 8.45 9.85 9.81 9.31 8.96 Primary Energy Motor 10.39 11.34 10.94 11.89 18.51 10.69 14.67 12.34 20.27 25.53 17.89 22.01 21.98 Petroleum Gasoline 5 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2.00 6.83 3.66 9.53 6.19 7.20 6.11 2.80 5.58 6.63 3.61 6.25 6.87 3.20 4.50 5.92 2.96 6.49 6.95 5.64 6.68 6.27 9.55 1.46 1.49 6.51 5.95 7.39 1.43 6.61 7.98 8.09 6.60 LPG R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 16.38 10.32 12.24 23.35 14.58 19.61 16.85 18.76 4 .79 .77 .92 Jet 6.64 1.58 2.05 4.82 4.52 0.73 7.57 3.92 2.87 5.91 2.25 3.35 4.00 6.25 2.59 4.53 3.90 4.83 5.68 7.23 3.80 4.39 4.29 4.03 3.95 5.33 4.01 6.36 5.72 6.53 6.46 8.93 Fuel 12.61 16.01 14.80 16.28 22.56 12.86 9.86 2.44 1.22 1.46 1.22 3.26 7.09 8.64 7.19 5.97 7.37 7.32 5.68 4.69 7.68 2.60 6.57 2.77 3.11 8.03 6.43 9.18 7.87 7.29 6.98 7.22 6.70 7.08 7.66 5.83 6.99 1.16 7.78 16.98 18.55 26.33 10.05 19.87 12.23 20.62 16.41 Fuel Oil Distillate per Million Btu) 1 3 .63 .68 .89 .73 5.61 7.67 0.59 4.53 4.61 2.31 3.82 4.25 4.23 5.31 3.77 1.95 9.62 7.91 7.41 4.75 4.07 6.87 3.73 4.13 4.16 4.10 2.86 3.43 1.46 3.83 4.08 9.31 7.08 3.78 9.92 1.76 3.82 4.72 3.74 1.18 Gas R R 10.83 Natural .88 .42 .45 .48 1.53 1.78 1.41 1.50 0.38 1.33 1.46 1.49 1.32 1.42 1.39 2.42 1.29 1.69 1.70 1.04 1.48 1.36 1.62 1.88 1.32 1.27 1.62 1.30 2.33 1.37 1.71 1.24 1.03 1.11 1.45 1.73 1.48 1.27 1.64 1.29 2.21 Coal Consumption-weighted average price for asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS (North American Through 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes Includes electricity imports, which are not separately displayed. For 1981–1992, also includes fuel Includes coal coke imports and exports, which are not separately displayed. In 2010, coal coke Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Through Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Liquefied petroleum gases. Consumption-weighted average prices for all sectors, including the electric power sector. Beginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 3 8 2 9 7 1 4 5 6 able 3.3 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970-2010 11 10 Year 989 988 004 986 007 970 996 979 005 976 983 008 985 thanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline data for those years. 994 978 010 974 998 001 973 000, also includes non-biomass waste. 993 992 980 984 990 997 roducts. 991 etrochemical feedstocks, petroleum coke, special naphthas, waxes, and miscellaneous petroleum 977 982 995 972 975 981 009 002 006 000 987 003 999 971 erosene-type jet fuel only. (Dollars mports averaged 13.37 dollars per million Btu, and coal coke exports averaged 6.74 dollars per million Btu. 1 1 p 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 i 2 2 1 e 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 k 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 p 1 T 1

94 2.74 Biomass² Gas 11.13 Natural 3.96 Coal here are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, epresent prices paid by consumers. As such 23.46 6.25 Gas Petroleum Natural 17.58 Petroleum 33.81 Retail Electricity 19.89 Retail Electricity Source: Table 3.4. Notes: • Consumer prices are intended to r 0 5 0 30 10 20 40 15 10 20 25 geothermal, wind, or solar energy. they include taxes where data are available. • T Dollars¹ per Million Btu Dollars¹ per Million Btu Industrial Sector by Major Source Residential Sector by Major Source 12.04 Gas 9.20 Industrial Natural ethanol and biodiesel. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 20.90 Commercial 18.69 Petroleum 21.00 Transportation 29.87 Retail Electricity 22.40 Residential 0 5 5 0 15 20 25 10 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel 10 35 30 25 20 15 1 2 Dollars¹ per Million Btu Dollars¹ per Million Btu Commercial Sector by Major Source 74 By Sector Figure 3.4 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 2010

95 75 h s" or 7,10 2.38 2.31 2.57 7.48 8.26 9.84 6.59 7.18 8.61 4.21 6.19 3.70 2.37 8.77 9.65 8.09 8.23 4.59 9.43 7.99 7.92 8.28 6.57 4.02 8.27 7.88 8.70 6.22 4.47 8.44 7.92 R R R 21.00 10.21 10.72 13.43 11.21 20.61 25.23 17.54 16.89 19.12 Total R 5 Transportation 2.38 2.31 2.57 9.83 7.17 8.25 6.57 8.60 7.47 6.19 3.70 4.20 4.47 2.37 7.98 7.91 9.42 7.87 4.59 4.02 8.76 8.69 8.23 9.64 8.26 7.91 6.56 8.27 6.21 8.08 8.43 R 21.01 10.71 11.20 13.43 10.20 17.54 20.61 25.24 16.88 19.12 R R Petroleum 7,9 .99 .93 R 1.10 0.84 6.12 4.91 4.92 5.17 5.52 4.71 3.63 1.78 2.43 2.78 6.22 5.01 6.31 6.06 7.49 4.98 6.04 6.90 5.41 5.13 5.19 3.04 2.21 5.35 5.24 6.43 8.47 5.14 5.37 5.16 5.17 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 12.04 11.05 10.41 14.32 11.39 11.93 Total R R R R R There are no direct fuel costs f • 3 3.22 3.40 3.66 2.99 7.33 6.48 8.94 8.18 6.07 4.95 Retail 19.89 13.98 14.51 14.18 15.38 14.78 13.13 12.98 14.16 14.22 14.30 13.68 14.00 14.45 14.18 13.29 13.60 14.54 13.85 10.81 13.78 13.49 14.57 14.97 12.57 13.92 16.77 18.71 18.02 20.00 19.96 Electricity 8 .99 1.59 2.74 1.59 1.60 1.59 1.65 1.67 1.67 1.43 1.65 1.59 1.60 1.13 1.67 1.60 1.67 1.65 1.20 1.24 1.62 1.21 1.38 1.15 1.79 1.12 1.67 1.01 1.67 1.60 1.95 1.01 2.11 1.14 1.60 1.60 2.73 2.83 2.62 2.65 2.52 R R R R Biomass 5 Industrial 1.05 1.05 0.98 1.18 4.98 4.93 6.49 5.02 4.55 7.86 4.70 4.00 6.08 6.32 5.23 5.10 4.95 5.76 6.87 5.06 9.41 2.85 5.71 2.25 6.58 2.97 6.60 7.35 2.47 5.50 6.81 5.33 2.58 6.53 4.63 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 17.58 20.49 14.32 15.90 13.87 11.99 R R R R R Petroleum 2 .41 .46 .50 .95 .67 6.25 0.38 1.21 1.48 2.52 3.07 1.96 1.66 2.90 7.02 5.71 6.20 3.09 2.91 2.80 3.21 4.10 3.16 4.13 2.88 3.20 2.95 2.93 3.53 3.80 3.12 2.80 9.08 3.87 3.30 8.29 4.48 4.60 8.77 6.46 Gas R R R R R 10.06 Natural Prices include taxes where data are available. • Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Throug Includes coal, natural gas, and retail electricity, which are not separately displayed. Includes coal coke imports and exports, which are not separately displayed. .50 .55 .63 8 9 Notes: R=Revised. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, "State Energy Data 2010: Prices and Expenditure Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm. 3.96 0.45 1.56 1.87 1.50 1.22 1.50 1.73 1.75 2.06 1.90 1.91 1.58 1.62 1.99 1.62 1.58 1.63 2.92 3.51 1.91 3.87 1.68 1.62 1.68 1.80 1.63 2.83 1.55 1.69 1.67 1.69 1.63 1.75 1.67 2.09 2.56 1.74 Coal 10 2000, also includes non-biomass waste. hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, or solar energy. (June 2012), U.S. Tables ET3–ET6. 6,7 2.15 2.32 1.97 2.55 4.38 5.12 7.83 5.49 3.40 6.27 4.06 9.47 R R R R R 20.90 20.63 15.63 12.62 15.54 12.76 10.81 13.90 12.05 11.12 18.59 12.84 10.34 11.63 10.91 13.05 12.72 14.66 12.55 20.73 11.20 11.87 22.44 10.96 12.15 13.03 20.67 11.25 16.55 Total R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 3 6.44 6.71 6.09 7.06 8.91 Retail 29.87 21.48 22.35 11.99 22.99 16.06 20.44 21.52 22.03 21.10 12.78 22.15 23.54 22.81 22.17 21.73 18.44 22.29 21.20 20.89 20.34 20.77 10.82 10.11 20.57 20.11 21.01 13.72 21.30 22.40 25.40 30.38 27.72 28.27 23.95 29.81 Electricity 5 Commercial 1.02 1.05 6.95 7.88 1.20 5.05 7.14 2.92 5.59 6.49 4.75 8.27 5.14 5.37 8.62 4.14 2.84 5.14 6.04 6.48 2.49 2.25 6.62 5.56 5.09 4.50 6.10 6.46 5.62 2.39 6.17 4.44 5.09 0.90 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 18.69 15.91 10.16 15.45 17.52 13.55 22.96 R R R R R R Petroleum U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 .80 .86 .91 9.20 0.75 1.05 2.00 3.32 4.51 4.64 4.69 5.40 4.70 5.34 4.94 4.61 5.43 6.49 8.32 5.38 9.19 4.94 5.67 5.35 5.26 8.07 5.08 5.22 4.75 1.32 2.69 2.20 3.91 4.70 1.61 6.54 9.70 Gas R R 11.60 10.98 11.89 10.99 Natural R 4 3.38 2.10 2.24 4.76 7.46 2.71 5.13 5.99 2.37 8.82 3.80 4.13 9.77 R R 22.40 11.02 11.87 10.91 10.75 10.71 10.66 10.66 10.66 12.08 13.25 21.49 21.56 12.69 12.27 14.21 12.60 17.01 15.62 23.06 19.16 12.60 13.44 11.97 22.05 13.15 15.81 14.65 Total R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 3 6.51 6.80 9.09 7.44 7.09 Retail 11.87 15.71 33.81 10.93 21.66 24.50 21.92 21.82 24.57 23.57 20.96 24.75 24.06 24.40 23.93 22.96 12.63 13.60 24.63 24.71 21.75 18.17 22.41 21.04 20.11 10.29 24.21 30.49 33.72 25.56 31.22 26.22 33.01 24.14 27.68 25.16 Electricity per Million Btu) 1 Residential 1.59 1.54 3.64 7.24 2.85 8.44 5.32 8.69 7.64 3.77 7.54 7.80 1.61 8.66 8.14 8.39 3.24 8.65 6.77 7.55 3.02 7.49 8.63 9.99 6.59 8.48 8.61 2.09 7.57 6.57 7.78 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 23.46 21.11 11.85 19.22 25.80 13.33 11.23 20.76 16.76 11.12 R R R R R R R R R Petroleum 2 3.60 2.52 2.92 1.26 6.50 6.61 6.16 5.39 5.05 1.18 9.42 1.94 5.32 5.67 5.63 2.30 1.42 5.94 5.88 5.89 6.75 1.12 5.66 5.99 5.95 4.19 1.67 5.73 7.69 5.47 1.06 9.24 6.23 7.63 Gas R 11.81 11.13 13.35 13.52 10.47 12.34 12.70 Natural R Includes coal, wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste, which are not separately displayed. For 1981–1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the petroleum Retail electricity prices paid by ultimate customers, reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, Includes coal, and wood and wood-derived fuels, which are not separately displayed. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Beginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. 2 4 1 7 5 3 6 able 3.4 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 1970-2010 hrough 2000, also includes non-biomass waste. Year 989 003 992 978 005 981 999 970 998 973 994 987 986 000 996 001 979 988 ther energy service providers. 009 976 977 985 980 990 974 984 006 ata for those years. 982 993 972 997 008 995 983 975 971 991 007 002 010 004 (Dollars 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 o 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 T 1 1 1 d 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 T 2

96 5 5 49 Fuel Other Nuclear 6 14 Residual Fuel Oil Biomass² 48 50 Coal Jet Fuel sene, lubricants, petrochemical feedstocks, 4 55 160 LPG Gas Natural 167 366 Retail Fuel Oil Electricity Distillate 709 377 Motor Gasoline Petroleum 0 0 Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kero Source: Table 3.5. 5 200 100 800 700 600 500 400 300 300 100 200 400 Billion Dollars¹ Billion Dollars¹ petroleum coke, special naphthas, waxes, and miscellaneous petroleum products. By Energy Type, 2010 By Petroleum Product, 2010 2010 2010 Coal Natural Gas 2005 2005 ethanol and biodiesel. 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 1995 Petroleum Retail Electricity 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 0 900 300 600 1970 5 0 Liquefied petroleum gases. Based on nominal dollars. Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 20 25 15 10 1,500 1,200 1 2 3 4 Index: 1970=1.00 Billion Dollars¹ Expenditures³ by Energy Type, Indexed, 1970-2010 76 Total Energy, 1970-2010 Figure 3.5 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by Source

97 77 l, e d in e, to s" or 10,14 82,860 98,054 90,023 Total 871,097 472,653 556,379 220,476 662,414 374,347 437,679 239,255 383,518 685,902 396,587 410,515 491,231 427,898 193,896 435,195 111,875 171,837 426,479 438,347 475,644 153,351 297,549 470,668 417,476 513,947 504,073 559,890 694,484 566,714 754,708 525,515 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1,234,282 1,061,220 1,408,845 1,159,687 1,046,897 1,204,827 Energy R R R R R 13 33,774 98,095 56,972 74,159 42,586 82,051 66,225 50,680 29,712 26,202 23,345 Retail 350,438 360,570 268,133 154,685 184,767 323,962 231,577 149,233 340,925 162,063 151,793 127,393 247,598 142,420 186,906 295,787 196,532 176,691 134,731 116,455 169,332 218,413 365,900 213,843 218,361 257,992 211,105 200,831 245,483 205,876 Electricity There are no direct fuel costs f 11,12 • -7,952 -5,491 -6,551 -4,357 -84,723 -19,078 -71,720 -44,689 -40,317 -38,752 -42,566 -38,027 -43,970 -38,663 -16,545 -90,104 -31,472 -44,274 -40,626 -38,553 -14,558 -26,125 -23,715 -44,686 -37,016 -54,230 -42,354 -95,975 -40,829 -60,054 -38,182 -94,635 -43,311 -42,947 -39,073 -64,672 -40,352 -41,652 -64,685 Power R -118,571 -100,719 Electric R Sector 10 86,053 74,893 63,872 69,312 Totals may not equal the sum of components due R 337,460 847,085 925,829 309,176 156,002 341,439 795,506 382,655 191,221 355,717 333,084 280,084 327,401 177,966 137,702 336,588 335,016 268,741 325,311 994,077 674,684 469,045 514,379 125,322 324,653 314,279 246,969 287,005 933,562 350,464 343,593 561,401 395,817 347,144 390,437 513,673 • Total R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1,166,847 R 9 502 544 622 782 534 964 694 476 446 438 6,953 3,174 6,101 5,897 6,357 5,116 2,646 1,510 1,352 2,270 2,193 1,608 1,232 1,429 1,517 1,997 1,378 1,300 2,165 2,194 1,597 3,692 4,005 6,424 3,494 2,425 2,938 3,599 2,477 2,668 2,521 R R R R R R R Biomass 73 44 259 177 941 743 448 520 915 104 1,684 2,878 1,859 1,436 3,802 4,057 3,378 4,560 2,384 3,597 3,061 3,939 4,073 4,104 1,189 3,637 3,871 3,976 3,469 3,504 3,445 5,234 3,777 3,810 3,643 3,369 3,362 3,524 3,555 3,624 3,628 Fuel Nuclear 65,057 96,704 55,648 51,816 47,904 Total R R 103,407 223,142 225,612 224,100 221,446 138,047 187,758 235,493 242,418 578,529 223,110 183,204 206,996 115,512 190,360 265,106 175,122 222,060 131,121 237,676 870,993 597,285 682,465 740,628 470,200 320,185 709,471 267,208 379,010 229,770 236,803 262,676 336,294 268,112 231,675 357,475 Expenditures include taxes where data are available. R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R • 8 Retail electricity expenditures by ultimate customers, reported by electric utilities and, beginning Expenditures for primary energy and retail electricity by the four end-use sectors (residentia Expenditures by the electric power sector for coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear fuel, wood, wast R=Revised. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, "State Energy Data 2010: Prices and Expenditure Notes: 8,284 8,493 9,925 5,318 4,172 4,777 4,449 12 14 13 39,268 13,348 11,790 18,785 22,088 28,571 22,447 21,573 22,812 26,049 18,345 18,285 19,255 18,213 17,060 16,779 17,687 17,647 61,417 44,136 52,986 55,211 35,212 24,167 48,656 21,631 21,250 19,835 23,097 21,144 28,061 19,225 18,687 26,496 (June 2012), U.S. Table ET1. public. Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities an commercial, industrial, and transportation); excludes expenditures for energy by the electric power sector. and electricity imports. Values are negative so the columns will sum to the "Total Energy" column. hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, or solar energy. 1996, other energy service providers. independent rounding. independent power producers. Classification System) 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to th R Other 4,667 5,585 7,259 8,357 5,449 6,784 8,721 7,486 8,062 6,156 9,717 5,206 4,686 4,676 8,325 7,266 4,280 5,296 8,870 5,313 3,458 2,046 2,933 17,656 13,747 11,648 10,547 10,374 14,381 11,310 14,099 21,573 14,410 11,493 17,632 22,668 14,129 17,984 13,951 12,432 14,308 2 Fuel Oil Residual 7 64,977 39,667 70,591 59,446 54,194 74,513 95,916 91,529 99,864 33,478 31,596 35,346 Motor 317,082 138,138 125,249 103,323 115,803 124,408 130,305 126,560 123,118 112,720 126,558 118,048 114,429 312,047 254,873 389,282 179,796 357,286 438,237 132,730 376,512 185,752 149,260 136,647 148,344 209,493 192,153 130,068 149,668 Petroleum R Gasoline Primary Energy 6 6,839 9,389 5,992 6,646 3,881 5,221 5,254 2,483 2,834 2,395 R R R R R R R 12,906 10,926 12,972 13,752 15,116 14,197 14,114 14,303 12,266 14,147 11,922 13,840 12,969 12,843 38,874 34,408 43,466 22,980 45,355 59,875 51,081 16,243 15,241 28,161 21,086 19,038 16,197 27,970 19,781 25,543 55,157 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R LPG U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 FT600 series. 5 5,517 4,567 8,603 2,001 4,193 6,205 3,208 1,582 1,682 1,441 Jet 53,754 72,046 44,679 30,219 50,007 36,353 17,802 11,239 15,770 13,002 19,602 12,526 13,434 11,448 23,777 11,318 14,609 15,000 13,559 17,784 48,244 12,474 13,878 21,096 10,505 13,923 14,974 15,097 14,747 13,979 15,607 Fuel 9,524 6,890 7,552 6,253 69,285 15,680 78,209 18,402 45,269 15,217 75,035 37,729 49,335 54,565 43,159 32,854 22,004 23,587 45,732 55,922 47,533 48,350 56,455 45,019 83,873 47,002 38,776 41,846 35,113 40,797 43,972 44,087 44,668 48,200 164,399 131,050 143,598 221,435 105,772 177,172 166,595 Fuel Oil Distillate ) 1 4 61,089 33,185 65,278 93,382 77,052 40,785 29,602 20,061 70,086 78,581 83,620 86,904 65,956 75,020 66,198 16,380 13,933 84,960 58,019 25,097 72,938 10,891 13,198 77,169 59,702 12,065 72,000 68,292 60,544 51,061 Gas 196,957 200,356 162,843 159,362 111,536 230,465 190,590 144,489 159,821 119,094 139,388 Natural R R R R R R R 3 7 7 44 67 82 22 96 82 44 -42 -34 -26 -44 -40 -22 -40 -75 -52 -78 -31 150 633 169 347 170 180 158 509 259 116 146 362 214 140 137 188 234 156 126 1,125 1,465 Net U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Imports Coal Coke 4,630 6,243 5,415 4,902 45,825 28,229 49,438 28,602 13,021 27,776 28,129 27,431 29,402 27,310 40,005 28,028 26,987 42,717 28,277 11,118 28,080 31,764 27,715 27,888 36,932 28,284 28,333 28,202 15,416 22,607 27,855 14,051 29,025 20,376 29,678 17,551 26,349 28,511 26,159 50,407 27,532 Coal R Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS (North American Industry Includes electricity imports, which are not separately displayed. For 1981–1992, also includes fuel Through 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes Liquefied petroleum gases. Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Through Values derive from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "Monthly Report IM-145" Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petrochemical feedstocks, petroleum Beginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Expenditures by all sectors, including the electric power sector. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. 8 4 1 6 2 5 3 9 7 able 3.5 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970-2010 10 11 ureau of the Census, Year 989 971 984 991 009 972 973 008 988 983 974 007 000, also includes non-biomass waste. 996 992 thanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline data for those years. 970 975 006 987 976 nd "Monthly Report EM-545," and may differ slightly from those shown on Table 3.9, which derive from 005 977 993 004 986 003 978 002 979 994 001 980 985 000 981 999 995 982 998 997 010 990 oke, special naphthas, waxes, and miscellaneous petroleum products. erosene-type jet fuel only. (Million Dollars 1 1 1 1 c 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 e 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 a 1 B 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 k 1 2 1 T 1

98 5 3 Biomass 27 Petroleum 7 Coal 54 37 portation sector expenditures. • There are no Natural Gas , wind, or solar energy. • Totals may not equal Natural Gas 4 63 Retail Electricity 167 Retail Electricity 106 Petroleum 0 50 150 100 200 0 25 75 50 Source: Table 3.6. Notes: • Petroleum accounts for nearly all trans 125 100 Billion Dollars¹ direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal the sum of components due to independent rounding. Billion Dollars¹ Industrial Sector by Major Source Residential Sector by Major Source² 178 13 Commercial Petroleum ethanol and biodiesel. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 216 Industrial 29 Natural Gas 250 Residential 136 561 Retail Electricity Transportation 0 0 75 25 50 100 125 150 500 300 400 200 600 100 Expenditures for coal, wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste are not displayed. Expenditures for imports and exports of coal coke are not displayed. Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel Expenditures for coal and wood and wood-derived fuels are not displayed. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 3 4 5 1 2 Billion Dollars¹ Billion Dollars¹ Commercial Sector by Major Source³ 78 By Sector Figure 3.6 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 2010

99 79 to s" or 7,10 92,128 40,218 37,824 35,379 77,880 70,933 86,160 64,476 45,918 Total 560,787 295,188 179,123 186,813 183,775 208,353 261,295 207,483 157,636 161,475 173,968 157,417 185,203 137,644 122,826 163,680 126,039 171,543 461,214 174,082 172,544 179,732 207,843 277,090 156,510 142,221 366,208 688,024 538,436 585,070 251,919 467,644 R R 5 Transportation 92,003 37,766 35,327 40,154 70,813 86,047 77,759 64,368 45,846 559,758 183,368 294,544 207,940 186,411 260,785 207,078 178,724 156,979 160,745 173,553 184,946 156,841 125,353 136,807 163,517 122,688 207,433 173,704 171,482 170,589 178,852 276,642 141,382 155,591 460,142 466,785 251,441 686,871 537,500 584,045 365,526 R Petroleum 7,9 There are no direct fuel costs f • 94,316 77,630 91,669 91,210 61,710 92,418 95,705 18,244 20,278 16,691 47,887 36,837 55,996 41,113 23,779 Total 216,172 151,015 119,400 107,647 140,158 107,978 118,654 107,067 103,503 102,220 110,309 108,581 106,528 101,028 140,090 104,913 111,857 103,699 102,411 236,517 270,833 177,114 129,788 228,377 184,210 208,902 R R R R R R R 3 6,256 5,624 7,173 8,284 Retail 62,745 46,257 46,102 49,962 48,519 45,634 45,610 45,402 37,017 39,271 40,190 24,797 35,364 39,050 21,798 39,109 34,007 28,863 44,201 47,859 42,255 45,726 40,507 45,474 43,358 45,429 65,840 59,662 62,934 59,764 16,083 18,956 13,760 11,184 51,491 46,606 56,229 Electricity Totals may not equal the sum of components due 8 • 639 540 511 610 622 636 558 619 512 529 662 906 404 374 366 421 443 464 386 425 3,190 1,699 1,279 2,216 1,432 1,600 1,935 1,435 1,034 1,323 1,079 1,146 1,786 1,888 3,402 2,310 3,509 3,180 3,451 1,919 2,592 R R R R Biomass 5 Industrial 6,069 7,180 6,663 8,600 34,177 54,228 47,173 39,886 40,853 33,612 32,143 30,567 38,876 41,841 38,437 33,705 41,470 23,203 47,171 42,765 31,092 52,066 36,966 28,561 29,123 31,518 32,494 34,132 32,208 80,591 18,384 22,190 15,408 15,544 71,052 88,285 45,685 R 106,495 106,621 131,958 113,491 Petroleum 2 2,625 3,335 3,019 7,484 4,971 5,844 3,936 8,958 Gas 41,168 28,411 21,487 22,556 38,597 26,167 36,993 24,515 16,350 16,479 15,909 23,763 10,114 20,504 21,615 20,432 21,461 12,110 20,553 22,367 17,257 34,624 19,348 18,912 18,770 24,079 47,464 55,300 36,302 52,571 31,199 51,126 61,877 Natural R R R R R R R Expenditures include taxes where data are available. • 3,572 3,552 3,887 3,526 6,591 3,566 3,943 4,068 4,060 2,082 2,212 1,971 6,441 2,527 5,360 4,735 5,888 5,498 5,448 5,301 6,247 4,745 4,704 5,420 5,252 5,722 4,448 3,507 4,636 4,744 4,060 4,650 3,457 4,245 4,332 5,388 5,004 5,405 5,439 6,290 4,064 Coal Includes coal coke imports and exports, which are not separately displayed. Includes coal, natural gas, and retail electricity, which are not separately displayed. 9 R=Revised. Notes: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, "State Energy Data 2010: Prices and Expenditure 10 (June 2012), U.S. Tables ET3–ET6. independent rounding. hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, or solar energy. 2000, also includes non-biomass waste. 6,7 99,492 90,010 92,106 96,414 13,464 12,021 10,678 26,447 68,637 33,563 55,629 65,028 22,956 61,503 69,098 38,944 70,725 19,579 15,149 47,074 30,725 69,593 71,969 82,098 79,605 83,007 75,911 87,095 99,681 Total 178,128 120,164 100,758 125,790 130,132 113,423 192,540 174,798 175,023 167,630 155,165 138,694 R R R R R 3 8,301 7,319 9,443 Retail 78,999 72,481 96,263 93,763 93,402 69,637 77,153 74,121 37,484 13,373 10,707 41,759 21,023 47,304 30,611 18,148 51,449 25,433 51,900 43,529 16,157 50,092 23,166 60,627 67,626 57,460 64,233 54,411 79,141 63,407 85,129 135,559 138,469 110,522 122,914 128,903 132,940 100,546 Electricity 5 Commercial 8,233 3,956 6,225 5,187 4,162 7,137 4,531 4,879 3,575 1,440 1,653 1,574 5,166 6,865 5,377 7,948 7,794 6,996 7,592 7,409 5,659 4,350 1,936 4,411 3,290 3,739 3,219 4,209 4,796 5,293 6,674 5,224 3,931 5,986 4,950 14,996 12,863 10,331 10,563 11,410 10,584 R Petroleum U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 1,844 2,060 2,289 5,094 5,812 4,379 2,421 7,623 8,858 2,741 3,385 Gas 18,755 16,667 15,927 17,106 15,383 29,183 33,838 38,476 29,518 26,411 25,879 20,926 13,368 13,602 11,770 11,601 12,565 14,012 10,085 33,736 16,351 31,012 21,339 12,377 13,685 12,681 34,005 14,967 13,175 12,908 Natural 4 20,112 21,934 24,095 47,594 58,149 51,854 41,682 97,173 36,835 92,812 97,657 99,619 87,506 69,277 32,459 27,029 98,635 78,486 Total R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 126,962 138,201 137,340 134,602 127,961 257,448 167,241 160,542 178,374 189,080 249,739 215,186 116,394 109,553 125,141 237,897 240,773 103,907 115,999 136,999 110,905 225,244 155,299 R R R R R R R R R R R 3 ) 1 Retail 84,552 11,589 93,482 90,503 13,034 10,352 98,209 90,704 87,610 93,360 22,621 17,924 29,069 26,132 20,644 14,712 69,243 38,458 58,672 60,776 72,378 76,828 50,045 44,780 31,683 66,793 55,777 82,814 53,918 63,318 76,848 140,582 115,577 106,834 128,393 166,782 111,249 148,295 155,433 103,158 157,008 Electricity Residential 4,186 9,852 4,367 4,623 8,755 7,288 9,831 5,849 7,486 9,772 R R R R R R 20,264 10,289 26,791 18,010 24,320 11,397 17,283 32,071 26,468 23,531 12,239 14,549 17,169 12,796 10,656 24,425 10,658 12,116 11,008 12,554 13,250 11,026 12,522 10,990 11,157 11,703 12,919 12,741 11,350 12,413 10,433 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Petroleum 2 8,410 6,223 5,702 6,282 5,272 9,992 6,949 Gas 29,362 30,533 14,772 25,439 26,508 34,590 61,598 26,951 31,028 48,278 17,497 59,834 25,147 12,565 31,577 26,564 11,324 67,851 38,959 23,926 46,189 38,490 61,196 19,502 54,439 33,219 27,599 27,136 52,265 27,873 23,987 30,875 25,332 57,841 Natural R Includes coal, wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste, which are not separately displayed. Wood and wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste; excludes fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Through Retail electricity expenditures by ultimate customers, reported by electric utilities and, beginning in For 1981–1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the petroleum Includes coal and wood and wood-derived fuels, which are not separately displayed. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Beginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. 6 2 1 7 5 3 4 8 able 3.6 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 1970-2010 hrough 2000, also includes non-biomass waste. Year 995 000 009 975 982 999 980 997 994 993 998 001 992 989 974 996, other energy service providers. 972 976 008 988 986 981 003 996 971 983 991 977 ata for those years. 979 010 002 007 978 984 990 006 985 973 987 004 970 005 (Million Dollars 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 T 2 1 1 d 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 T 2

100 2010 Other³ Products Petroleum 2000 Crude Oil 1990 1980 1970 1960 1950 0 50 Natural gas, coal, and coal coke. 350 250 200 150 100 300 Source: Table 3.7. 3 Billion Real (2005) Dollars¹ By Fuel, 1949-2011 2010 2 Coal and Coal Coke 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 15 Natural Gas ng gross domestic product implicit price defla- 1980 99 Products Petroleum 1970 1960 337 Crude Oil 1950 0 0 See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by usi 100 200 400 300 300 500 200 100 400 1 2 Billion Nominal Dollars² Billion Real (2005) Dollars¹ tors in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. By Fuel, 2011 80 Total, 1949-2011 Figure 3.7 Value of Fossil Fuel Imports

101 81 y d 2 s. s. s, n, m of 5. 0. 5. s: 197 FT12 FT11 FT12 4 • 8.91 4.04 6.64 3.09 Real R 10.79 87.18 58.29 96.73 95.43 78.56 86.86 96.70 67.17 88.32 71.49 63.57 70.64 70.76 68.90 12.34 92.00 66.66 92.36 71.53 74.53 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 133.62 104.23 137.05 213.11 320.57 245.23 163.43 399.43 126.11 449.64 151.95 153.51 164.75 317.29 116.93 340.29 115.96 287.52 P annual report R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R FT246. monthly report Total Petroleum Product 3 1989 forward—Bureau • .59 and 2.15 3.00 1.10 1.66 0.45 53.52 54.76 55.08 51.86 76.50 26.39 33.90 57.64 78.16 75.71 55.77 57.84 36.72 42.62 60.03 80.24 78.74 64.31 44.18 55.40 42.15 43.54 53.53 57.05 63.83 R R R R R 352.16 116.26 452.79 206.26 121.23 134.81 488.23 269.09 153.85 330.93 361.48 287.52 Nominal P R R FT135. Crude Oil FT900, "Exports and Imports of Goods b U.S. Imports and Exports of Natural Ga 4 2 1.46 4.63 6.09 2.66 3.93 0.95 U.S. Imports of Merchandise for Consumptio Real R R R 12.19 25.74 32.55 72.22 13.94 33.11 15.20 15.00 25.51 22.28 25.00 20.00 19.08 23.86 18.55 15.65 18.75 88.70 77.05 17.60 18.73 87.76 23.39 44.67 28.34 27.35 19.34 52.16 66.09 20.15 26.24 18.36 18.06 19.40 29.87 31.36 67.12 P R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 5,R Natural Gas Monthly (NGM), Pipeline Imports and Exports of Natural Gas - Imports an U.S. Imports of Merchandise for Consumption, 3 U.S. Imports of Merchandise for Consumption, 2011—EIA estimate based on volume and revenue data fro • U.S. Imports of Merchandise for Consumption, .44 .73 .92 .21 8.42 6.77 7.30 6.65 9.95 1.48 0.14 Petroleum Products 16.93 99.49 73.36 81.85 12.54 74.56 30.64 14.30 57.23 29.38 10.45 96.31 43.24 15.27 16.28 11.14 13.01 12.43 23.52 13.50 13.17 17.47 13.86 11.74 17.87 12.18 14.84 28.45 12.37 11.98 16.90 67.12 United States Imports and Exports of Natural Gas, U.S. Imports for Consumption, 5 P R U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports, Nominal U.S. Merchandise Trade, 4 1982-2009—EIA, 3.94 4.81 5.62 2.10 5.18 2.52 • Real R 35.89 44.94 71.67 52.46 53.39 43.53 48.14 49.32 60.93 66.06 58.60 50.33 64.08 51.06 49.14 41.09 88.91 85.96 81.89 82.45 54.45 60.59 79.88 63.30 1 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 231.36 105.16 140.55 101.30 234.35 297.10 218.11 117.58 108.14 325.59 129.52 177.35 182.94 P R R R R R R R R R R R 1974-1977—FPC, • 1949-1962—Bureau of the Census, • 3 Crude Oil 1963—Bureau of the Census, • .65 .90 .37 1.12 0.30 1.26 25.46 43.78 50.89 54.93 35.53 61.46 29.13 33.59 36.90 36.49 38.55 45.72 38.47 74.29 79.25 89.88 38.48 32.30 22.61 32.90 27.55 61.90 54.23 42.81 18.29 46.06 36.44 37.25 245.77 194.60 101.80 225.16 353.54 136.03 336.80 260.11 182.94 Nominal P R 1978-1981—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), 1964-1971—Bureau of the Census, 2010—EIA, NGM (April 2012), Table 4. 1949-1962—Bureau of the Census, 1963—Bureau of the Census, 1964-1988—Bureau of the Census, • • Exports of LNG. • FT110. Principal SITC Commodity Groupings," Annual Revisions and December 2011 issue. and 1973—Federal Power Commission (FPC), • U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy. the Census, Foreign Trade Division, • annual reports. • Natural Gas: 4 .01 .15 .53 .00 5.16 5.29 8.46 8.44 4.34 6.96 6.09 2.99 7.61 3.61 4.67 4.11 9.25 6.14 0.00 1.06 5.10 3.55 5.19 7.68 3.43 2.90 7.26 4.95 8.82 5.75 7.14 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R 21.66 14.32 16.84 29.80 12.89 31.92 19.42 25.56 15.23 27.90 13.72 35.25 E R R R R R R R R R R 3 Natural Gas .03 .11 .26 .00 (s) 3.25 3.95 4.91 1.94 4.39 0.00 2.06 2.97 6.21 3.44 8.03 2.38 6.50 2.51 1.82 4.23 1.66 4.21 1.15 4.41 4.77 3.05 3.13 4.69 5.79 2.00 R R R R 16.91 12.65 14.61 24.74 34.66 28.80 15.72 35.25 20.39 31.65 17.62 14.94 E R R Nominal Totals may not equal sum of • U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 .26 .49 .36 .01 .01 .01 .01 .10 .28 .11 .35 .34 .47 .30 .08 .26 .08 .25 .29 .08 .07 .40 .04 .04 .08 .45 .29 .21 .34 .78 .31 .21 .62 .02 .19 .31 .12 .78 (s) P R 1.01 0.03 1.27 1.54 Real 3 Coal Coke .55 .40 .33 .22 .27 .01 .14 .24 .19 .41 .34 .05 .04 .13 .17 .23 .19 .16 .11 .03 .07 .04 .29 .05 .24 .25 .24 .09 .25 .05 .01 .78 .64 .48 .09 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) P 1.23 1.68 Nominal Bureau of the Census, Foreign Trade Division, unpublished data. 4 .30 .34 .10 .06 .15 .10 .12 .08 .74 .18 .40 .09 .07 .32 .84 .06 .32 .05 .33 .13 .42 .04 .65 .13 .33 .06 .14 .11 .17 .02 .01 .02 .01 (s) 1.19 1.25 1.42 1.32 1.88 1.06 1.63 1.72 0.02 Real P R Coal Coke: Coal 3 and .03 .09 .13 .38 .05 .32 .28 .04 .67 .25 .02 .10 .08 .26 .03 .60 .27 .04 .11 .05 .06 .28 .02 .07 .79 .02 .07 .27 .06 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) 1.35 1.02 1.42 1.78 1.73 2.05 1.45 1.39 Coal P Includes value of imports into Puerto Rico from foreign countries; excludes receipts into the 50 Nominal • In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table Includes petroleum preparations, liquefied propane and butane, and, beginning in 1997, other mineral There is a discontinuity in this time series between 1996 and 1997 due to the addition of the See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Beginning in 1977, includes imports for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. 4 1 3 5 2 Notes: Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. (s)=Less than 0.005 billion. Web Page: For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#financial. able 3.7 Value of Fossil Fuel Imports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. tates and the District of Columbia from the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico. Year 009 995 994 988 998 981 993 985 992 011 990 970 004 008 003 996 000 950 007 987 002 010 980 006 949 005 001 986 979 965 955 977 975 983 960 989 978 976 999 997 991 982 984 omponents due to independent rounding. ommodity category "Other Mineral Fuels." (Billion Dollars) uels. 1 S 1 1 c D 1 f 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 c 2 T 1

102 2010 3 r Coal Othe 2000 Petroleum Products 1990 1980 1970 1960 1950 0 60 10 20 30 40 50 90 80 70 Natural gas, crude oil, and coal coke. 100 Source: Table 3.8. 3 Billion Real (2005) Dollars¹ By Fuel, 1949-2011 2010 2 and Crude Oil Coal Coke 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 7 Natural Gas ng gross domestic product implicit price defla- 1980 16 Coal 1970 1960 104 Products Petroleum 1950 0 0 60 40 20 80 60 40 80 20 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by usi See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 120 100 120 100 1 2 Billion Real (2005) Dollars¹ Billion Nominal Dollars² tors in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. Total, 1949-2011 82 By Fuel, 2011 Figure 3.8 Value of Fossil Fuel Exports

103 83 . e ," al s. s, a. of M S. U. 3 4.51 4.74 9.81 9.48 9.25 5.29 6.85 5.98 8.39 6.53 Real R R R R R R R 28.18 35.61 12.75 10.77 21.73 11.84 11.63 10.84 12.78 14.78 40.74 11.07 71.96 11.75 50.52 13.19 12.73 16.11 11.74 11.18 15.50 14.97 16.45 13.60 22.87 13.20 19.43 16.56 16.44 10.58 12.95 72.59 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 113.08 P annual report 2010—EIA, NG • Total 2 1972 and 1973—Feder • .84 .78 .95 1949-1988—Bureau of th 4.43 9.71 1.59 4.18 1.14 5.58 9.27 3.83 8.05 7.54 7.86 4.17 9.02 9.69 7.68 9.20 7.49 0.87 9.07 9.48 7.55 7.09 9.93 6.70 • R 36.77 28.18 15.59 13.28 10.04 21.04 12.17 12.51 10.16 12.34 55.43 78.13 12.68 43.27 80.57 R 128.18 Nominal P FT410. monthly reports. U.S. Imports and Exports of Natural Ga 3 1 2.51 2.69 2.21 3.00 3.62 3.61 3.05 5.98 3.01 7.31 7.72 2.06 6.64 5.86 4.44 5.86 4.21 5.12 5.30 6.22 3.01 5.57 4.36 8.46 3.18 4.06 7.94 9.38 8.92 3.81 6.19 9.57 Real R R R R R R R R R R 10.68 18.56 26.46 10.97 13.28 30.39 57.13 54.73 39.09 10.57 91.34 P R R R R R 4,R U.S. Exports, Petroleum Products: 2 and .39 .44 .47 .50 .60 9.73 8.65 1.01 3.56 1.23 5.68 4.90 1.58 4.62 1.14 2.72 6.35 4.88 3.77 0.46 4.27 4.23 3.80 4.65 2.65 3.36 4.25 1.07 2.12 4.15 5.86 3.24 8.68 7.55 Petroleum Products 4 27.32 18.56 10.05 59.43 12.85 32.28 42.89 63.41 Bureau of the Census, Foreign Trade Division, unpublished dat R 103.54 Nominal Natural Gas Monthly (NGM), P Crude Oil 1989 forward—Bureau of the Census, Foreign Trade Division, • Pipeline Imports and Exports of Natural Gas - Imports and Exports of LNG 3 United States Imports and Exports of Natural Gas, .10 .52 .17 .83 .60 .70 .04 .02 .37 .96 .12 .08 .55 .23 .01 .19 .39 .90 .89 .31 .19 .03 .08 .06 .04 .19 .30 .04 .67 .85 .29 .21 .96 Coal Coke: FT410. (s) 2011—EIA estimate based on volume and revenue data from U.S. Department R 1.05 2.09 0.68 1.57 1.23 1.10 1.47 1.23 1.29 • Real P R R FT900, "Exports and Imports of Goods by Principal SITC Commodity Groupings and 1982-2009—EIA, • 1949-1971—Bureau of the Census, • Coal 2 Crude Oil U.S. Exports, .09 .46 .85 .16 .60 .10 .01 .39 .23 .04 .01 .21 .77 .12 .90 .02 .19 .39 .22 .08 .03 .02 .03 .56 .14 .75 .21 .05 .13 .03 .47 .58 .19 .28 (s) (s) 2.27 0.10 1.62 1.04 1.37 1.46 1.02 P R Nominal Sources: 1978-1981—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), 1974-1977—FPC, Energy, Office of Fossil Energy. Natural Gas: • Annual Revisions and December 2011 issue. Merchandise Trade, Power Commission (FPC), • Census, (April 2012), Table 5. annual reports. 3 .02 .02 .45 .49 .28 .04 .30 .27 .28 .45 .48 .12 .43 .29 .46 .04 .46 .27 .48 .28 .64 .45 .51 .26 .55 .39 .37 .56 .54 .67 1.91 1.13 5.53 4.00 4.79 7.61 0.01 4.37 1.72 5.14 5.37 5.36 6.18 Real E R R R R 2 Natural Gas .28 .26 .11 .43 .03 .37 .20 .01 .11 .01 .17 .13 .27 .39 .23 .17 .49 .33 .10 .09 .40 .47 .46 .36 .27 .27 .35 .30 (s) (s) (s) 3.77 1.56 4.94 1.76 5.69 8.26 5.20 5.53 1.00 4.79 5.71 7.01 E R Nominal Totals may not equal sum • 3 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .07 .15 .06 .12 .03 .12 .18 .12 .12 .10 .05 .12 .11 .19 .19 .12 .12 .06 .32 .08 .04 .05 .08 .04 .07 .22 .06 .12 .22 .07 .07 .06 .05 .19 .07 .27 .12 .08 .07 .11 .14 .19 P 0.06 Real 2 Coal Coke .08 .07 .05 .01 .11 .05 .05 .08 .05 .02 .15 .08 .03 .06 .11 .01 .07 .13 .01 .08 .13 .07 .04 .07 .21 .08 .04 .07 .04 .05 .06 .24 .14 .07 .05 .05 .05 .06 .13 .07 .06 .21 P 0.01 Nominal 3 2.30 3.55 1.64 1.98 1.74 5.07 1.90 1.84 7.33 3.95 4.37 2.39 3.41 2.68 2.46 3.35 6.24 7.03 7.04 7.76 2.05 3.91 2.92 5.99 7.25 6.91 8.19 3.56 5.53 5.46 3.94 9.68 8.86 6.17 6.24 4.43 6.16 4.00 5.25 9.70 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 11.32 14.08 10.80 P R R Coal 2 .27 .48 .48 .35 .96 2.91 3.69 2.60 4.16 4.29 1.80 4.47 2.66 4.63 3.26 3.09 5.99 4.24 4.06 3.04 3.39 3.52 5.99 4.01 4.62 3.40 3.35 1.60 3.57 2.85 2.05 2.13 2.04 7.96 9.84 0.30 4.51 3.93 4.13 1.55 5.92 3.40 15.97 P Includes value of exports from Puerto Rico to foreign countries; excludes shipments from the Nominal • Includes petroleum preparations, liquefied propane and butane, and, beginning in 1997, other mineral In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table There is a discontinuity in this time series between 1996 and 1997 due to the addition of the See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 2 4 3 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. (s)=Less than 0.005 billion. Notes: Web Page: For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#financial. able 3.8 Value of Fossil Fuel Exports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. Year 991 965 995 994 0 States and the District of Columbia to the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico. f components due to independent rounding. 011 975 960 989 996 010 976 983 002 955 997 009 993 977 008 978 950 970 987 998 979 007 986 949 999 006 980 005 992 985 981 000 004 982 984 990 001 003 988 ommodity category "Other Mineral Fuels." (Billion Dollars) uels. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 f 1 2 1 1 2 1 D 1 1 1 c 1 2 2 1 1 1 5 1 1 1 o 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 T 2

104 Coal² 2010 2010 Natural Gas Crude Oil and Petroleum Products 2005 2005 2000 2000 1995 1995 1990 1990 1985 1985 Source: Table 3.9. Note: Negative net imports indicate that the value of exports is greater than the value of imports. 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1965 1965 gross domestic product implicit price deflators 1960 1960 1955 1955 1950 1950 0 0 50 50 -50 -50 Includes small amounts of coal coke. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using -50 -50 150 200 250 300 350 400 100 350 100 150 200 250 300 400 2 1 Billion Real (2005) Dollars¹ Billion Real (2005) Dollars¹ in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports 84 Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports by Fuel Figure 3.9 Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports, 1949-2011

105 85 is to nt 3 -.22 6.05 5.81 4.40 -2.89 -1.26 Real R 60.51 81.19 61.38 80.28 63.76 93.09 75.60 52.99 77.58 54.92 76.00 81.15 94.75 83.68 65.36 55.54 58.58 45.51 59.65 60.95 70.75 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 105.86 194.72 299.56 244.70 148.31 286.35 191.38 146.87 124.30 112.91 134.08 136.98 377.69 120.02 284.96 259.34 P R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Total 2 .82 -.04 -.18 1.21 1.41 -0.42 43.83 44.36 45.69 47.00 48.37 48.57 46.28 40.00 66.00 38.31 70.09 28.67 65.65 21.96 35.53 54.63 54.44 43.60 70.88 51.63 36.00 67.49 29.72 47.72 50.09 R R R 324.61 104.10 271.60 138.26 294.17 410.10 318.21 121.53 185.23 108.89 213.66 259.34 Nominal P R R 3 1 -.95 8.57 8.96 9.73 2.43 4.03 7.83 9.70 1.42 -3.58 -2.24 -1.23 Real R R R 13.36 46.67 17.15 22.15 33.97 11.44 15.59 21.79 45.76 13.22 14.43 15.01 20.40 21.16 21.80 14.48 13.07 16.13 17.28 17.53 11.08 22.14 21.87 19.26 20.24 11.38 13.24 31.39 10.07 15.71 48.56 P R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 4,R 2 .48 .98 .26 -.16 -.18 9.95 9.37 6.39 9.94 5.58 7.59 8.42 7.78 8.57 5.76 9.71 8.52 7.33 7.72 7.28 9.96 6.07 8.00 8.87 Petroleum Products -4.05 -0.32 4 R 11.06 49.57 19.65 47.24 20.59 30.38 36.89 10.42 14.34 12.57 10.85 12.67 14.87 11.01 13.25 19.77 48.56 P Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe Nominal • 3 5.59 5.10 3.71 4.77 1.42 1.82 Real R R 81.60 42.48 65.38 60.40 40.97 78.91 52.46 50.29 60.62 49.27 57.71 71.59 62.91 54.45 50.77 62.85 85.86 44.75 88.35 48.07 35.71 53.02 81.68 49.11 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 104.26 107.97 116.47 323.50 140.26 100.78 295.81 127.95 230.41 233.11 175.87 217.28 182.35 P R R R R R R R R R R R Data on this table may not equal data on Table 3.7 minus data on Table 3.8 due 2 Crude Oil Net imports equal imports minus exports. Minus sign indicates that the value of exports • • .62 .89 .27 1.24 1.11 0.21 45.25 35.32 60.88 38.52 42.81 29.00 36.36 36.87 54.37 33.38 38.45 89.41 79.16 74.11 32.68 22.49 61.15 36.27 36.26 45.66 31.91 25.43 43.65 38.43 53.19 27.47 50.12 18.29 335.34 351.27 224.30 258.74 244.76 192.99 135.75 182.35 101.64 Nominal P Sources: Tables 3.7 and 3.8. Web Page: For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#financial. Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. (s)=Less than 0.005 billion and greater than -0.005 billion. rounding. greater than the value of imports. independent rounding. 3 .93 .49 .13 -.03 -.02 R 5.63 4.53 6.70 7.92 6.80 3.23 7.77 6.41 5.01 9.96 3.89 2.73 4.74 4.52 7.13 5.30 8.34 2.62 4.82 6.85 5.63 4.39 3.75 3.25 8.76 3.16 7.12 -0.01 Real E R R R R R R R R R R R R 15.71 24.31 11.81 10.09 23.11 17.69 24.44 20.19 29.72 17.66 R R R R R R R 2 Natural Gas .10 .02 .23 -.01 (s) (s) 1.77 2.91 2.25 7.60 2.78 4.11 3.98 3.17 1.65 4.06 4.39 3.00 4.50 5.33 1.56 1.95 1.89 3.86 2.71 1.06 4.41 7.61 3.47 5.82 6.02 2.18 E R R R R 10.89 11.20 10.92 19.54 26.40 16.62 13.94 23.86 16.05 25.96 29.72 R R Nominal 3 .30 .29 .12 .20 .34 .16 .59 .14 .22 .06 .89 .03 .09 .20 .63 .18 .49 .01 .14 .29 .33 .17 .23 .24 .13 .23 .23 -.05 -.07 -.06 -.04 -.04 -.08 -.16 -.04 -.09 -.06 -.31 -.03 -.01 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 P 1.35 1.16 R -0.03 Real 2 Coal Coke .34 .06 .36 .04 .18 .16 .04 .26 .02 .27 .14 .23 .17 .63 .20 .01 .11 .12 .08 .20 .10 .20 .35 .08 .25 .18 .51 -.01 -.03 -.01 -.04 -.04 -.08 -.02 -.04 -.03 -.05 -.08 -.01 (s) (s) P 1.12 1.47 Nominal 3 -.81 -6.96 -7.64 -2.03 -7.13 -6.83 -7.61 -6.11 -4.14 -6.02 -4.88 -2.38 -6.11 -4.10 -8.14 -2.90 -6.92 -9.62 -3.22 -3.97 -6.02 -2.28 -3.62 -5.45 -1.89 -1.69 -2.14 -3.22 -1.93 -1.88 -5.17 -9.64 -1.09 -1.24 -5.37 -1.82 -3.95 -1.63 -5.89 -3.70 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R -10.76 -11.26 -12.89 P R R Coal 2 -.96 -.27 -.48 -.76 -.35 -.48 -1.74 -2.62 -5.92 -3.41 -3.24 -2.83 -4.09 -1.93 -4.55 -1.98 -3.35 -1.00 -2.89 -4.11 -4.39 -8.45 -3.95 -3.35 -4.01 -3.24 -1.13 -0.29 -3.13 -1.85 -2.58 -4.60 -2.42 -2.75 -4.51 -4.19 -1.66 -5.97 -5.89 -3.85 -1.57 -4.42 -14.61 Nominal P There is a discontinuity in this time series between 1996 and 1997 due to the addition of the In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table Includes petroleum preparations, liquefied propane and butane, and, beginning in 1997, other mineral See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 3 1 4 2 able 3.9 Value of Fossil Fuel Net Imports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. Year 950 983 003 001 005 011 993 985 986 980 960 987 998 009 976 991 949 989 978 995 000 984 981 004 006 002 965 955 977 992 997 970 010 008 975 979 982 988 990 996 999 994 007 ommodity category "Other Mineral Fuels." (Billion Dollars) uels. 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 f 2 2 1 2 1 D 1 1 1 c 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 T 1

106 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

107 4. Energy Resources

108 Total 2,203 Resources Technically Recoverable Tight Gas, Shale Gas, and Coalbed 48 States¹ Onshore Alaska Methane 48 States¹ Offshore Gas 1,931 Unproved Resources 54% 273 Proved Reserves Total 13% 0 2,203 trillion cubic feet 500 20% 2,000 1,000 2,500 1,500 Trillion Cubic Feet 13% Dry Natural Gas by Type Dry Natural Gas, Total Technically Recoverable Resources Source: Table 4.1. 220 Total Resources Technically Recoverable U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 48 States¹ Onshore 48 States¹ Offshore Alaska 198 Unproved Resources 58% Total 22 18% Proved 220 billion barrels Reserves 25% 0 50 “48 States” is the United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. 150 100 200 250 Note: Sum of components may not equal 100 percent due to independent rounding. 1 Billion Barrels Crude Oil and Lease Condensate, Total Technically 88 Crude Oil and Lease Condensate by Type Recoverable Resources Figure 4.1 Technically Recoverable Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Estimates, 2009

109 89 . s r. in le s. al rn U.S 2 Calculated a .6 U.S. Crude Oil, Natur Data are at end of yea • 1,009.5 277.6 451.1 38 2,203.3 1,193.8 126.7 54.8 280.8 220.2 Unproved Resources: Total Technically Recoverable Resources (August 2012). Total Technically Recoverable Resources: (billion barrels) U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), (trillion cubic feet) 4 904.0 262.6 369.7 35.0 1,930.7 1,026.7 50.3 112.6 271.7 197.9 Unproved Resources Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves: See Tables 4.2 and 4.3 for more recent proved reserves data. • Crude Oil and Lease Condensate See "Shale Gas" in Glossary. See "Coalbed Methane" in Glossary. 9 Notes: Sources: 10 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Resources in areas where drilling is officially prohibited are not included. Estimates of the resources Geological Survey National Oil and Gas Resource Assessment Team, with adjustments made to the sha Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) are also excluded from the technically recoverable volume • gas data by EIA, Office of Energy Analysis. the Northern Atlantic, Northern and Central Pacific, and within a 50-mile buffer off the Mid and Southe Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves, 2010 • the sum of proved reserves and unproved resources. 1 105.5 15.0 81.4 272.5 3.6 167.1 4.6 14.2 22.3 9.1 Proved Reserves U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ... 10 ... 5 ... ... Region 7 6 and Coalbed Methane 9 Onshore Gas Offshore Gas Shale Gas, 3 3 8 ... ... Offshore ... Onshore ... 3 3 Includes Federal offshore and State offshore waters (near-shore, shallow-water areas under State Conventionally reservoired deposits are discrete subsurface accumulations of crude oil or natural gas Includes associated-dissolved (AD) natural gas that occurs in crude oil reservoirs either as free gas See "Proved Reserves, Crude Oil," "Proved Reserves, Lease Condensate," and "Proved Reserves, "Technically recoverable" resources are those that are producible using current technology without Excludes natural gas plant liquids. See "Natural Gas, Dry" in Glossary. "48 States" is the United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. Natural gas produced from a non-shale formation with extremely low permeability. 1 7 8 6 2 5 3 4 able 4.1 Technically Recoverable Crude Oil and Natural Gas Resource Estimates, 2009 atural Gas" in Glossary. sually defined, controlled, or limited by hydrocarbon/water contacts. eference to the economic viability thereof. associated) or as gas in solution with crude oil (dissolved gas). 48 States Tight Gas, Alaska ... Alaska ... 48 States Total U.S. Total U.S. 48 States 48 States ... Conventionally Reservoired Fields urisdiction). N r u ( j T

110 2010 2007 Crude Oil Proved Reserves 2004 Crude Oil Cumulative Production Proved Reserves Natural Gas (Dry) Proved Reserves Cumulative Production Natural Gas (Dry) Cumulative Production 2001 1998 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 0 300 600 900 1,200 1,500 Trillion Cubic Feet 1995 Source: Table 4.2. Natural Gas (Dry) 1992 1989 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1986 Cumulative Production Proved Reserves 1983 1980 1977 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 0 0 50 50 200 150 100 250 150 100 200 250 Notes: • Data are at end of year. • Crude oil includes lease condensate. Index: 1977=100 Billion Barrels Crude Oil 90 Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, Indexed Figure 4.2 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, 1977-2010

111 91 s ), s. s: annual report 3 Proved Reserve 192.5 211.1 304.6 237.7 204.4 244.7 272.5 189.0 168.0 207.4 164.0 183.5 166.5 167.2 208.0 187.2 163.8 191.6 169.3 201.0 162.4 165.1 193.4 165.0 199.0 177.4 197.5 167.4 186.9 201.7 167.1 200.2 201.5 167.1 Proved Reserves annual reports. Natural Gas Annual, Trillion Cubic Feet Natural Gas (Dry) Calculated from U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA annual reports and 709.4 659.6 625.7 553.2 675.7 835.6 591.8 692.3 643.2 533.6 609.6 514.4 892.4 988.0 726.7 817.0 911.2 968.9 744.5 798.2 873.4 950.0 762.2 572.6 854.5 930.4 780.1 1,062.4 1,043.2 1,082.6 1,006.6 1,103.2 1,124.6 1,024.7 U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves, Summary: U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserve Cumulative Production Cumulative Production: (August 2012), Table 7. Sources: 1977-2000—EIA, 2001-2010—EIA, • Petroleum Supply Annual, • 2010 information. 2 20.6 30.0 31.3 23.0 23.8 25.9 28.7 31.0 31.8 23.3 23.5 25.0 22.8 22.6 28.2 22.3 23.2 24.1 29.3 31.2 31.4 23.1 22.4 23.6 27.9 25.2 22.3 28.3 29.5 23.5 24.0 27.6 23.9 29.9 1 Proved Reserves U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Billion Barrels Crude Oil and Lease Condensate 146.7 173.2 175.6 118.1 121.3 124.4 127.5 130.7 177.8 168.4 133.8 201.8 137.0 199.8 180.0 166.0 140.2 197.8 143.5 196.0 182.1 163.5 194.1 149.7 192.3 152.7 184.2 160.9 190.4 155.5 188.4 158.2 186.3 170.8 Cumulative Production Lease condensate is the portion of natural gas liquids that is separated from the wellhead gas stream See "Proved Reserves, Natural Gas" in Glossary. See "Proved Reserves, Crude Oil" and "Proved Reserves, Lease Condensate" in Glossary. 3 2 1 Note: Data are at end of year. Web Pages: See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ and http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/ for related able 4.2 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, 1977-2010 Year 001 988 995 979 005 980 981 987 998 003 006 992 996 986 002 997 007 000 989 985 977 978 008 t a lease or field separation facility. 993 984 004 991 009 990 982 983 994 010 999 2 1 1 1 2 1 a 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 T 1

112 2010 Crude Oil² Natural Gas 8 2005 Natural Gas Liquids² Natural Gas Liquids² 2000 23 Crude Oil² 1995 merican Petroleum Institute. AGA=American Gas 1990 54 Natural Gas 1985 0 60 10 30 50 40 20 Source: Table 4.3. Notes: • Data are at end of year. • API=A EIA Data: 1977-2010 Billion Barrels COE¹ 1980 Association. EIA=U.S. Energy Information Administration. By Type, 2010 1975 2010 2000 1970 API and AGA Data: 1949-1979 EIA Data U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1965 ed or estimated it is included in “Natural Gas 1980 Natural Gas Liquids² 1960 Natural Gas Crude Oil² 1970 1955 API and AGA Data 1960 1950 1950 0 0 25 50 75 COE=crude oil equivalent. 60 20 40 100 ² To the extent that lease condensate is measur 1 Billion Barrels COE¹ Billion Barrels COE¹ Liquids”; otherwise, lease condensate is included in “Crude Oil.” Total, 1949-2010 92 By Type, 1949-2010 Figure 4.3 Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

113 93 , 7 al in m 1, of S. U. 3 Reserves NA 69.7 61.2 63.6 68.5 69.0 57.7 61.7 55.5 56.8 59.6 68.8 60.6 59.7 65.5 60.9 66.7 61.7 67.3 56.5 61.7 56.9 70.4 69.0 59.2 70.6 64.2 74.1 70.0 73.6 66.3 56.9 77.5 56.8 83.8 68.8 80.8 75.8 84.1 62.4 85.0 88.6 60.5 88.5 58.3 93.2 70.1 73.0 96.6 American Petroleu Total R R 1977-2008—EIA, (August 2012), Tables 2009 and 2010—EIA • • Billion Barrels COE annual reports. 3 6.3 5.6 5.8 4.8 5.8 7.0 5.3 4.7 6.4 5.2 5.1 5.4 4.6 5.5 5.7 5.4 4.7 5.9 5.8 4.4 5.8 4.4 5.0 5.0 5.6 3.5 4.3 5.5 5.5 5.8 4.1 5.6 3.1 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.5 5.0 6.3 8.0 5.2 5.6 4.9 5.5 NA 1 Billion Barrels COE See "Proved Reserves, Crude Oil," "Proved Reserves, Natur • U.S. Energy Information Administration Data: Natural Gas Liquids See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#resources for all data beginning 8.0 9.1 6.8 8.2 8.2 7.9 7.4 7.6 6.4 7.2 6.4 8.0 3.7 7.5 8.1 7.2 8.0 7.2 6.8 6.0 9.3 5.4 8.5 6.5 7.9 7.8 6.6 7.3 7.5 6.3 5.9 8.0 7.5 7.5 6.7 4.3 7.6 7.7 7.9 8.3 6.8 7.8 7.1 7.9 5.7 8.2 • NA 11.7 10.2 American Petroleum Institute and American Gas Association Data: Data are at end of year. Billion Barrels • For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. • Volume 34 (June 1980). Sources: Web Pages: Notes: R=Revised. NA=Not available. Crude Oil, Natural Gas Liquids and Natural Gas in the United States and Canada as of December 3 1949. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves, Institute, American Gas Association, and Canadian Petroleum Association (published jointly), Summary: U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves 2010 1979, and 17. Gas," and "Proved Reserves, Natural Gas Liquids" in Glossary. 3 33.0 42.1 33.3 35.1 29.6 35.7 31.4 35.2 32.5 35.4 29.4 34.4 30.0 35.6 36.5 33.5 36.5 34.1 29.2 34.0 35.7 34.3 36.2 35.2 37.4 36.8 29.0 29.2 32.0 29.6 38.0 40.2 43.3 41.9 28.8 29.8 48.2 44.0 53.7 47.1 49.6 51.7 51.0 29.7 46.8 39.7 32.9 29.3 29.7 R R U.S. Energy Information Administration Data Billion Barrels COE American Petroleum Institute and American Gas Association Data 2 Natural Gas (Dry) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 177.4 228.2 250.0 165.0 304.6 167.1 244.7 162.4 168.0 272.5 163.8 187.2 179.4 165.1 191.6 166.5 193.4 184.6 167.2 197.5 222.5 164.0 200.2 167.4 201.5 262.3 169.3 201.7 286.5 167.1 183.5 199.0 186.9 201.0 290.7 208.0 189.0 207.4 278.8 192.5 194.9 204.4 200.3 266.1 211.1 208.9 237.7 216.0 237.1 Trillion Cubic Feet 1 22.4 29.4 31.4 22.0 26.8 35.3 28.4 29.8 39.0 22.7 22.5 22.5 29.8 23.7 23.3 31.4 21.9 28.4 38.1 30.0 31.8 27.3 21.4 21.0 24.6 27.1 24.7 21.8 23.0 36.3 27.7 27.8 31.6 21.0 21.8 22.4 29.5 34.2 21.3 26.5 27.9 30.9 26.3 22.0 19.1 26.9 25.3 32.7 20.7 Crude Oil Billion Barrels Natural gas is converted to crude oil equivalent (COE) by multiplying by the natural gas dry production To the extent that lease condensate is measured or estimated it is included in "Natural Gas Liquids"; The American Gas Association estimates of natural gas proved reserves include volumes of natural 3 2 1 able 4.3 Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves, Selected Years, 1949-2010 ultiplying by the lease condensate production approximate heat content (5.5 million Btu per barrel) and Year 990 989 981 005 984 986 979 001 950 998 991 006 996 980 978 nd then dividing by the crude oil production approximate heat content. 970 992 002 007 987 983 977 pproximate heat content (see Table A4) and then dividing by the crude oil production approximate heat 960 988 976 979 999 008 993 985 971 003 975 as held in underground storage. In 1979, this volume amounted to 4.9 trillion cubic feet. U.S. Energy 995 009 955 978 982 997 974 965 therwise, lease condensate is included in "Crude Oil." 010 000 004 949 994 973 977 972 ontent (see Table A2). The lease condensate portion of natural gas liquids is converted to COE by nformation Administration (EIA) data do not include natural gas in underground storage. hen dividing by the crude oil production approximate heat content. Other natural gas liquids are converted o COE by multiplying by the natural gas plant liquids production approximate heat content (see Table A2) 1 g 1 I 1 2 1 a 1 c 2 m 2 t 1 t 2 a 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 o 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 2

114 32 Offshore 984 Crude Oil 1,846 887 Onshore Natural Gas 0 0 500 750 250 500 1,500 2,000 1,000 1,250 1,000 Number of Rigs Number of Rigs By Type,¹ 2011 By Site, 2011 2010 2010 Total Source: Table 4.4. Onshore Crude Oil 2000 2000 1990 1990 Offshore U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Natural Gas 1980 1980 as service wells, injection wells, and stra- 1970 Total 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 1 2 4 5 3 0 1 2 5 3 4 0 Thousand Rigs Rigs drilling for miscellaneous purposes, such Thousand Rigs tigraphic tests, are not shown. 1 Figure 4.4 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Rotary Rigs in Operation 94 By Type, 1949-2011 By Site, 1949-2011

115 95 e al 1 964 936 625 775 754 779 918 827 721 936 869 830 723 860 943 1,748 2,686 2,154 1,028 2,017 1,388 1,768 1,879 1,649 1,381 1,192 2,428 2,909 2,232 1,980 1,546 1,660 2,001 2,177 1,156 1,032 2,259 1,010 1,089 1,879 3,105 1,658 3,970 Total used with permission. Se Rotary Rigs Running—By State, 496 939 464 564 354 560 464 943 351 691 872 401 331 887 801 385 720 364 427 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,372 1,184 1,025 1,491 1,466 Natural Gas Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • By Type See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#crude for updated monthly and annu • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#resources for all annual data beginning in 1949. • Source: Baker Hughes, Inc., Houston, TX, Web Pages: http://investor.shareholder.com/bhi/rig_counts/rc_index.cfm. data. District of Columbia. 306 165 137 373 194 217 591 274 197 984 373 297 128 554 323 157 379 482 264 335 453 532 278 376 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Crude Oil 52 31 32 44 65 95 81 72 99 90 94 97 82 122 108 243 129 113 106 102 207 123 213 140 256 199 108 123 167 105 108 231 153 185 101 206 106 NA NA NA NA NA NA U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Offshore Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the • By Site 673 622 672 779 924 669 717 865 671 778 841 519 813 703 764 821 902 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,814 1,774 1,529 1,003 1,695 2,215 1,554 1,834 2,074 2,033 1,559 1,514 2,862 1,970 3,714 1,846 1,095 2,678 1,287 1,046 Onshore Data are not for the exact calendar year but are an average for the 52 or 53 consecutive whole • Sum of rigs drilling for crude oil, rigs drilling for natural gas, and other rigs (not shown) drilling for 1 NA=Not available. Notes: able 4.4 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Rotary Rigs in Operation, Selected Years, 1949-2011 iscellaneous purposes, such as service wells, injection wells, and stratigraphic tests. eeks that most nearly coincide with the calendar year. Year 990 993 003 955 000 982 992 996 986 004 989 981 011 005 980 960 994 949 001 988 979 965 985 006 998 999 978 010 984 991 007 002 977 970 950 976 997 008 987 983 995 975 009 (Number of Rigs) 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 m 1 1 2 1 2 w 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 T 1

116 2010 5.1 Total¹ 4.9 2000 Total¹ Development Exploratory Dry Holes Development 5.7 Exploratory 1990 8.7 1980 8.6 Natural Gas 8.8 1970 6.2 1960 6.1 Crude Oil 9.1 1950 0 20 40 80 60 0 3 6 9 100 12 Percent Thousand Feet per Well Successful Wells, 1949-2010 Average Depth, 2010 2010 22 Natural Gas Wells 2000 16 Total¹ Exploratory Development Dry Holes 6 1990 Sources: Tables 4.5–4.7. 147 1980 138 Crude Oil Wells 9 Natural Gas 1970 101 95 1960 Crude Oil Dry Holes 6 1950 0 0 30 20 50 10 40 50 200 150 100 Thousand Wells Footage Drilled, 2010 Total Wells Drilled by Type, 1949-2010 Million Feet U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2010 4.3 3.2 2000 Total¹ Exploratory Development Total Dry Holes 1.1 Development 1990 17.0 1980 15.9 Exploratory Natural Gas 1.0 1970 16.3 1960 15.6 Crude Oil 0.7 1950 0 0 5 75 50 25 10 15 20 100 Data are for exploratory and development wells combined. 1 Thousand Wells Thousand Wells Total Wells Drilled, 1949-2010 96 Wells Drilled, 2010 Figure 4.5 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory and Development Wells

117 97 ., d ts al to 9. of e. 5,459 5,046 4,855 5,385 6,154 5,398 4,932 5,066 5,208 5,119 4,827 5,904 5,717 5,496 5,554 5,698 7,247 5,512 7,183 5,542 5,644 4,191 4,482 4,342 4,511 4,441 4,760 4,708 4,689 4,451 3,635 4,943 3,742 4,213 4,839 4,582 4,510 4,661 4,502 4,577 4,101 4,804 Total R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 4 5,703 5,727 5,046 5,807 5,147 5,805 5,712 5,809 5,264 5,656 5,995 5,024 5,777 5,575 5,078 5,696 5,088 5,382 5,450 5,336 5,473 4,733 4,691 4,631 4,827 4,320 4,791 5,071 5,120 5,183 5,073 4,248 4,723 5,014 4,161 5,265 3,445 4,763 3,473 5,190 4,799 5,112 "Forecast-Review" issu R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Dry Holes Totals may not equal sum • 3 Feet per Well World Oil, 5,730 6,198 5,479 5,365 6,917 8,659 6,385 6,155 6,023 5,724 5,007 6,208 4,904 5,919 5,594 5,211 5,836 8,566 5,017 5,071 6,223 5,326 5,319 5,351 5,276 5,617 5,275 5,254 5,262 5,275 5,486 4,672 5,220 3,979 5,238 5,260 5,288 5,470 3,698 5,562 5,860 5,154 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Average Footage Drilled Natural Gas 2 Quarterly Review of Drilling Statistics for the Unite 1970-1989—EIA computations based on well repor • 4,995 4,560 4,791 4,849 4,408 5,022 4,807 4,866 5,256 4,980 4,857 5,574 4,725 4,747 4,773 6,194 4,464 4,542 5,030 4,965 4,584 3,923 3,662 3,793 3,791 3,906 4,017 3,966 4,025 3,801 3,889 4,297 4,385 3,943 4,094 3,720 3,893 4,229 4,059 3,895 3,999 3,981 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Crude Oil Total 126,365 119,926 161,281 239,491 301,453 334,442 137,218 102,849 144,978 117,171 282,764 124,731 240,313 133,494 180,127 156,052 204,272 145,165 177,248 269,374 144,439 380,569 314,409 320,179 415,454 373,993 244,798 238,669 215,866 316,943 180,494 182,825 157,358 156,519 192,176 162,530 186,982 138,556 135,619 134,446 174,882 226,182 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1990 forward—EIA computations based on well reports submitted to IHS, Inc • 4 1 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#crude for updated monthly and annu • 1949-1965—Gulf Publishing Company, 23,714 27,851 22,744 33,640 31,018 26,221 21,232 20,520 42,433 21,719 27,754 24,076 27,771 25,044 20,608 26,349 37,750 28,540 27,778 28,572 29,451 81,642 85,788 76,728 99,575 68,977 76,629 43,754 50,977 42,099 77,361 52,517 53,588 60,961 69,220 58,074 85,103 • R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 134,934 105,222 100,388 119,860 123,746 Dry Holes annual summaries and monthly reports. 3 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#resources for all annual data beginning in 194 • Web Pages: Sources: Thousand Feet See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. 1966-1969—American Petroleum Institute (API), Footage Drilled States, components due to independent rounding. Average depth may not equal average of components due data. • • submitted to the API. Denver, CO. independent rounding. Administration (EIA) therefore statistically imputes the missing data. 70,099 57,028 93,041 83,618 56,042 51,032 44,727 60,217 71,270 58,340 58,240 49,746 80,468 63,686 75,841 78,108 92,106 76,293 91,480 13,685 12,437 42,584 28,246 45,039 23,623 49,081 49,113 24,931 45,363 44,454 19,930 R R R R R R R R R R R R 115,916 208,907 223,224 156,200 163,820 110,734 191,646 138,449 146,973 108,353 107,149 R R R R R R R R R Natural Gas 2 38,579 51,449 36,745 38,588 41,076 38,620 62,771 30,892 82,646 45,748 22,024 63,340 42,109 43,172 64,792 56,196 44,236 56,371 56,591 42,472 75,451 82,688 77,041 43,266 73,322 86,568 92,695 58,639 68,892 76,825 66,819 56,859 66,358 79,428 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 100,682 137,728 172,167 149,674 162,653 136,849 125,262 121,148 Crude Oil R Data are estimates. • 89.3 90.0 88.6 89.9 89.4 90.3 69.6 70.0 69.2 67.3 70.8 67.0 68.9 69.9 68.1 79.4 62.9 74.5 60.6 64.8 68.5 68.5 76.6 64.8 74.9 66.2 78.5 70.6 66.3 60.1 68.7 77.2 58.2 75.4 75.0 82.6 86.5 85.8 87.9 87.1 89.0 80.2 Wells R R R Percent Successful U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 51,058 37,504 33,047 54,347 51,448 44,022 86,128 76,405 71,205 84,914 45,852 50,145 70,796 52,204 92,090 28,010 21,819 24,791 23,427 40,611 38,721 55,150 40,855 32,343 21,144 37,312 45,619 29,862 35,473 42,050 38,773 22,753 27,988 28,578 32,330 20,382 35,558 27,871 37,057 24,082 29,287 32,833 R R R R R R 4 3,552 5,428 5,206 4,277 4,978 4,653 8,236 5,096 7,481 5,862 4,814 6,096 4,890 5,874 8,245 3,982 4,082 4,761 4,598 4,146 3,550 3,754 R R R R R 14,985 25,884 16,551 20,785 26,379 27,953 16,099 21,211 24,355 11,031 12,799 16,226 13,646 18,212 13,758 20,452 14,799 10,119 11,167 12,597 Dry Holes Service wells, stratigraphic tests, and core tests are excluded. • 3 Number Wells Drilled 9,793 8,578 9,839 8,599 9,027 4,011 3,439 9,375 4,482 9,409 9,522 8,096 8,163 4,266 5,149 8,127 3,363 8,082 32,274 16,973 18,234 28,590 32,838 32,719 14,324 11,498 15,254 14,684 17,461 17,338 20,250 19,076 14,413 12,122 11,246 11,639 17,342 24,186 22,072 12,027 17,051 20,722 R R R R R R Natural Gas 2 8,129 8,789 7,348 8,836 8,090 8,248 8,888 7,682 6,775 8,856 9,402 4,805 13,404 16,254 11,261 13,361 16,645 42,906 13,646 20,851 10,779 12,588 19,213 16,948 18,065 21,352 39,459 18,745 12,968 22,258 30,432 35,261 23,812 16,210 10,230 32,959 43,887 12,839 37,366 17,688 19,181 11,206 2011 data for this table were not available in time for publication. R R R R R • Crude Oil See "Dry Hole" in Glossary. See "Natural Gas Well" in Glossary. See "Footage Drilled" in Glossary. See "Crude Oil Well" in Glossary. 2 3 1 4 R=Revised. Notes: able 4.5 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory and Development Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 able 4.7 for development wells only. Year 997 006 988 007 010 978 970 994 002 986 975 949 950 980 987 008 979 995 005 960 977 000 992 003 989 999 996 984 955 985 991 004 976 990 993 965 001 982 981 998 983 009 ompletion reports received by the American Petroleum Institute during the reporting year. For 1970 Data are for exploratory and development wells combined; see Table 4.6 for exploratory wells only, and For 1949–1959, data represent wells completed in a given year. For 1960–1969, data are for well ecent years are incomplete due to delays in the reporting of wells drilled. The U.S. Energy Information orward, the data represent wells completed in a given year. The as-received well completion data for • • 2 1 2 1 c 1 f T r 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 T 2

118 2010 2010 2000 2000 Dry Holes Dry Holes Crude Oil Wells 1990 1990 s ll e W Wells 1980 1980 Natural Gas Natural Gas 1970 1970 1960 1960 Crude Oil Wells 1950 1950 2 0 6 0 4 8 Source: Table 4.6. 20 40 60 80 10 Thousand Feet per Well Million Feet Exploratory Footage Drilled by Well Type Exploratory Wells Average Depth by Well Type 2010 2010 Wells Natural Gas 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 Dry Holes y; see Figure 4.5 for all wells and Figure 4.7 1980 1980 1970 1970 Crude Oil Wells 1960 1960 1950 1950 3 6 9 0 2 8 0 6 4 12 15 10 Note: These graphs depict exploratory wells onl Thousand Wells Thousand Feet Per Well for development wells only. Exploratory Wells Drilled by Well Type 98 Exploratory Wells Average Depth, All Wells Figure 4.6 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory Wells, 1949-2010

119 99 ., d ts al al 9. e. a. Total 6,807 6,585 6,088 6,071 6,138 5,929 6,766 6,180 6,517 6,818 6,233 6,026 7,671 6,872 7,020 6,435 6,118 7,106 6,776 6,742 6,013 5,916 5,798 5,978 5,885 5,769 5,825 5,842 5,680 5,198 3,842 5,544 4,770 4,632 5,917 3,898 5,563 5,035 5,733 5,597 5,793 5,369 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 4 "Forecast-Review" issu 6,776 6,815 6,122 5,665 6,382 6,299 6,386 5,769 6,912 6,821 6,612 5,685 6,402 6,793 6,125 6,644 5,656 5,893 5,922 6,205 5,477 5,605 5,812 5,716 5,700 4,575 5,579 5,674 5,317 4,498 5,447 5,007 3,733 5,294 5,607 3,658 5,748 5,533 4,800 5,582 5,367 5,178 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Dry Holes 3 Feet per Well World Oil, 7,106 5,604 5,695 7,012 5,977 7,117 6,549 7,078 7,187 6,589 6,088 7,157 6,475 6,755 6,774 5,702 6,961 8,837 7,303 6,262 6,908 6,630 6,662 6,625 5,682 6,698 5,964 6,777 5,466 6,777 6,606 6,683 6,787 7,695 6,298 6,748 7,295 6,921 6,395 6,772 6,604 6,502 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Average Footage Drilled Natural Gas 2 Quarterly Review of Drilling Statistics for the Unite 1970-1989—EIA computations based on well repor • 6,933 7,184 7,698 8,089 6,989 7,464 6,889 9,130 6,752 6,833 7,889 7,305 7,291 7,946 6,627 8,037 6,674 7,274 7,302 6,642 8,379 6,067 6,011 5,902 6,010 4,819 5,913 6,069 6,104 6,247 5,672 6,028 4,232 5,865 4,335 6,182 5,170 5,727 5,853 5,141 5,504 5,565 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Crude Oil Total 21,389 31,817 16,048 13,117 17,825 19,653 19,348 31,550 21,517 22,398 17,644 22,417 25,819 19,689 28,442 20,561 20,987 31,864 16,130 21,453 27,138 63,096 65,197 57,949 53,617 42,305 69,206 49,204 55,831 65,602 40,175 54,677 37,357 37,462 34,798 30,270 43,530 88,856 69,690 74,288 80,853 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 101,808 1990 forward—EIA computations based on well reports submitted to IHS, Inc • 4 1 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#crude for updated monthly and annu 1949-1965—Gulf Publishing Company, • • 9,331 8,810 9,745 9,359 6,443 6,192 8,687 9,147 7,687 R R R R R R R R 13,465 20,761 10,102 13,306 10,500 11,458 11,927 13,485 10,836 12,137 18,049 13,058 40,823 42,512 46,295 26,746 40,081 26,439 30,957 30,325 35,123 53,220 21,947 40,448 47,604 37,969 27,079 43,535 48,989 60,680 50,249 69,214 58,624 R R R R R R R R R Dry Holes annual summaries and monthly reports. 3 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#resources for all annual data beginning in 194 • Sources: Web Pages: Thousand Feet Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Average depth may not equ 1966-1969—American Petroleum Institute (API), See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. Footage Drilled average of components due to independent rounding. States, data. • • • submitted to the API. Denver, CO. drilled. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) therefore statistically imputes the missing dat 4,619 6,569 9,988 4,068 3,997 3,902 5,701 5,121 4,022 4,798 7,323 9,226 3,950 8,499 3,494 5,740 3,544 5,212 5,401 5,466 8,422 3,678 5,064 2,409 9,121 8,144 3,757 2,356 4,992 4,664 9,935 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 14,276 12,208 15,658 13,987 10,255 12,643 11,798 13,862 17,079 14,763 10,264 R R R R Natural Gas 2 6,099 4,710 4,252 2,446 2,608 7,088 3,098 3,650 5,316 5,790 1,742 3,959 3,946 4,711 3,572 3,927 6,829 5,366 1,433 5,652 6,579 3,659 5,286 4,729 2,103 4,470 3,971 2,740 6,862 5,950 6,870 7,105 6,527 5,806 7,941 9,854 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 10,774 13,413 12,294 15,515 10,177 10,437 Crude Oil Data are estimates. • 69.5 66.7 61.0 65.4 63.2 20.8 64.7 25.4 25.0 31.3 39.9 30.3 36.0 18.7 50.9 33.3 41.3 16.7 33.0 29.3 38.0 35.3 15.4 25.3 25.0 19.5 20.2 46.2 35.8 27.1 23.8 28.8 29.9 26.3 44.8 24.8 29.4 30.3 24.3 26.4 27.0 60.3 Wells R R R R R Percent Successful U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 4,142 4,952 5,182 2,860 4,649 2,805 3,166 6,313 5,247 2,286 7,396 5,241 3,021 2,384 3,468 6,734 9,466 2,483 7,448 3,483 1,924 4,513 3,624 2,644 9,058 3,152 9,359 3,142 3,404 9,995 9,204 R R R R R R 14,942 11,704 10,306 10,665 12,957 10,907 15,058 13,841 15,877 17,573 11,834 4 1,462 1,093 1,715 1,582 1,547 1,052 6,162 1,956 2,384 1,297 4,711 1,282 3,934 2,113 8,292 7,228 2,247 1,157 5,567 8,005 2,024 3,191 1,341 1,590 9,515 2,334 5,052 3,652 7,129 1,733 1,350 7,283 8,954 9,081 6,772 7,965 7,437 R R R R R 11,832 11,307 10,206 11,321 12,400 Dry Holes For 1949–1959, data represent wells completed in a given year. • 3 Number Wells Drilled 797 874 566 515 868 782 997 844 570 811 747 649 706 513 424 558 610 431 477 562 756 657 576 2,794 1,044 1,196 2,345 2,141 2,456 1,052 1,671 1,248 1,528 2,522 2,099 1,200 1,771 1,605 2,133 1,907 1,346 1,548 R R R R R R Natural Gas 2 646 668 612 806 892 570 982 288 757 539 607 595 350 489 778 855 357 673 539 383 491 571 258 327 946 197 926 R R R R R 1,321 2,437 1,084 1,680 1,583 1,086 2,651 2,236 2,030 1,164 1,777 2,209 1,406 1,171 1,321 2011 data for this table were not available in time for publication. • Crude Oil See "Crude Oil Well" in Glossary. See "Natural Gas Well" in Glossary. See "Footage Drilled" in Glossary. See "Dry Hole" in Glossary. 3 2 1 4 R=Revised. Notes: able 4.6 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 able 4.7 for development wells only. or 1960–1969, data are for well completion reports received by the American Petroleum Institute (API) Year 979 955 008 005 989 987 010 960 978 006 965 998 991 995 977 988 994 986 001 004 999 990 980 uring the reporting year. For 1970 forward, the data represent wells completed in a given year. The s-received well completion data for recent years are incomplete due to delays in the reporting of wells 000 003 976 950 992 007 982 997 009 949 985 975 993 002 984 983 996 970 981 Data are for exploratory wells only; see Table 4.5 for exploratory and development wells combined, and • 1 T 1 1 2 F 2 d 1 a 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1

120 2010 2010 2000 2000 Crude Oil Wells Natural Gas Wells Natural Gas Wells 1990 1990 Crude Oil Wells Dry Holes Dry Holes 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 2 4 0 6 8 50 Source: Table 4.7. 10 250 200 100 150 Thousand Feet per Well Million Feet Development Footage Drilled by Well Type Development Wells Average Depth by Well Type 2010 2010 Natural Gas Wells 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 Crude Oil Wells only; see Figure 4.5 for all wells and Figure Dry Holes 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 2 4 0 6 8 0 10 50 40 10 20 30 Note: These graphs depict development wells Thousand Feet per Well Thousand Wells 4.6 for exploratory wells only. 100 Development Wells Average Depth, All Wells Development Wells Drilled by Well Type Figure 4.7 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Development Wells, 1949-2010

121 101 ., d ts al to 9. of e. Total 4,897 4,861 5,883 5,378 6,126 4,649 4,586 5,624 5,437 5,406 5,536 5,434 7,283 5,281 4,755 5,502 5,404 7,143 5,063 4,978 5,280 4,004 4,209 4,125 4,220 4,166 4,225 3,691 4,421 4,352 4,020 4,374 4,610 4,288 3,568 4,237 4,214 4,581 4,578 4,404 4,285 3,904 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 4 "Forecast-Review" issu 4,718 5,583 5,077 5,190 5,356 4,877 4,592 4,713 4,915 5,169 4,928 5,265 5,359 4,867 5,631 5,198 5,153 5,399 5,075 4,666 5,322 4,306 4,205 3,974 4,184 4,226 4,214 4,662 4,600 4,684 4,415 4,714 4,439 4,236 4,446 4,704 4,517 4,390 3,889 3,077 3,225 3,699 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Dry Holes Totals may not equal sum • 3 Feet per Well World Oil, 4,915 6,147 6,458 4,907 5,076 6,981 6,193 5,706 5,883 8,669 4,808 6,170 5,963 8,648 5,732 5,848 5,544 5,294 6,149 5,383 4,920 5,149 5,093 5,453 5,187 5,158 5,193 5,337 3,412 4,960 5,066 5,155 5,238 5,112 5,321 3,766 5,080 5,038 5,053 5,644 5,082 4,339 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Average Footage Drilled Natural Gas 2 Quarterly Review of Drilling Statistics for the Unite 1970-1989—EIA computations based on well repor • 4,651 4,893 4,755 4,251 6,068 4,609 4,889 4,440 4,838 4,596 4,646 5,131 5,452 4,699 4,732 4,473 4,796 4,873 4,641 4,341 4,469 3,808 3,799 3,691 3,695 3,577 3,681 3,684 3,756 3,827 3,809 3,883 3,861 3,875 4,269 4,116 4,171 3,901 3,970 3,821 3,972 3,915 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Crude Oil Total 89,732 99,365 97,823 95,026 R R R 117,840 159,423 254,322 302,578 247,857 128,391 112,507 214,494 181,855 129,035 158,738 102,333 124,235 219,838 119,574 139,828 106,676 269,903 293,140 291,713 242,655 250,489 313,646 248,807 125,678 119,162 117,183 125,068 181,702 140,520 136,345 100,821 125,817 133,365 157,917 173,472 104,176 156,976 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1990 forward—EIA computations based on well reports submitted to IHS, Inc • 4 1 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#crude for updated monthly and annu • 1949-1965—Gulf Publishing Company, • 14,077 17,704 14,929 15,714 21,672 17,652 18,072 14,763 15,527 18,033 20,155 12,545 19,701 17,553 13,934 14,465 16,393 14,383 14,422 12,921 15,685 49,326 65,720 63,066 56,233 61,236 52,784 31,008 35,905 20,152 20,020 39,130 39,493 25,438 33,826 17,315 28,772 22,951 30,636 26,842 36,548 31,883 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Dry Holes annual summaries and monthly reports. 3 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#resources for all annual data beginning in 194 • Web Pages: Sources: Thousand Feet See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. 1966-1969—American Petroleum Institute (API), Footage Drilled independent rounding. States, components due to independent rounding. Average depth may not equal average of components due data. • • submitted to the API. Denver, CO. Administration (EIA) therefore statistically imputes the missing data. 67,248 87,340 78,820 51,288 53,219 41,183 66,031 46,413 54,290 56,220 52,140 46,252 92,386 67,844 78,244 68,149 81,545 91,274 10,028 40,371 39,992 44,417 11,329 37,520 36,032 53,431 67,825 39,638 22,780 21,174 19,945 64,043 14,718 R R R R R R R R R R R R 177,659 151,612 193,249 147,701 128,461 103,411 109,347 208,948 137,747 R R R R R R R R R Natural Gas 2 94,583 38,822 29,150 52,425 58,630 58,060 20,591 75,558 39,011 51,275 36,142 47,197 37,149 40,564 51,726 34,642 40,664 34,649 41,789 35,839 59,002 52,130 79,739 73,478 85,833 53,353 62,365 39,607 61,013 68,581 69,936 74,747 67,956 70,246 60,706 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 136,261 150,359 156,652 115,085 127,874 126,412 110,374 Crude Oil Data are estimates. • 79.9 79.1 79.5 77.4 78.2 79.2 91.7 92.2 92.5 90.8 92.6 76.4 74.4 78.6 83.1 85.1 85.2 77.8 82.6 92.0 82.3 83.0 78.7 79.2 78.1 81.1 77.9 84.3 78.5 71.9 78.2 79.5 79.1 81.0 84.5 91.2 90.3 91.1 91.9 89.6 87.0 85.3 Wells R R R Percent Successful U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 71,070 62,564 74,517 69,037 58,962 58,248 49,395 45,876 46,799 30,187 34,699 25,349 31,744 29,307 20,614 19,732 27,089 21,308 18,195 25,412 19,959 29,362 31,651 26,030 40,208 17,992 35,857 39,238 28,739 39,880 41,539 28,254 33,163 33,915 22,741 18,458 32,416 25,487 33,653 27,001 21,599 30,189 R R R R R 4 3,396 3,713 3,659 3,184 2,500 7,232 6,507 4,302 2,849 5,408 7,702 3,762 3,478 4,593 4,869 8,620 2,934 8,586 2,790 8,662 6,517 5,369 6,986 8,697 4,290 6,115 3,191 3,761 8,221 2,732 2,393 2,805 2,472 2,865 2,685 3,171 R R R R R 14,149 12,257 11,704 15,072 14,563 15,553 Dry Holes Service wells, stratigraphic tests, and core tests are excluded. • 3 Number Wells Drilled 8,593 6,879 3,534 3,392 3,008 2,939 7,650 8,816 7,831 9,229 4,281 7,524 7,802 8,451 3,967 7,340 8,063 9,144 10,936 26,449 17,728 10,574 15,362 13,347 16,943 10,435 13,124 15,810 12,642 13,079 15,929 30,382 29,929 17,038 29,925 11,457 21,020 16,394 11,073 16,498 19,725 22,515 R R R R R Natural Gas 2 4,608 8,317 6,753 7,779 8,531 8,406 8,347 9,623 8,831 7,678 7,802 7,355 6,517 2011 data for this table were not available in time for publication. 18,129 12,791 15,966 28,196 41,236 22,229 35,336 19,530 16,602 20,937 12,061 17,581 10,715 10,240 31,182 17,119 11,915 40,697 12,211 15,284 37,022 33,581 18,010 19,946 12,758 10,649 12,555 15,753 15,586 • R R R R R Crude Oil See "Dry Hole" in Glossary. See "Natural Gas Well" in Glossary. See "Footage Drilled" in Glossary. See "Crude Oil Well" in Glossary. 3 2 4 1 R=Revised. Notes: able 4.7 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Development Wells, Selected Years, 1949-2010 able 4.6 for exploratory wells only. Year 993 949 990 986 010 978 009 994 975 950 979 998 008 982 999 976 006 995 004 960 001 970 992 000 003 980 996 985 955 997 991 007 987 981 002 977 965 984 989 005 988 983 ompletion reports received by the American Petroleum Institute during the reporting year. For 1970 Data are for development wells only; see Table 4.5 for exploratory and development wells combined, and For 1949–1959, data represent wells completed in a given year. For 1960–1969, data are for well ecent years are incomplete due to delays in the reporting of wells drilled. The U.S. Energy Information orward, the data represent wells completed in a given year. The as-received well completion data for • • 1 1 2 2 c T f 1 r 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 T 2

122 8 98 Anthracite Appalachian 43 Lignite 156 Interior 177 minous Subbitu- 230 Western 257 Bitu- minous 0 0 50 50 250 200 150 100 350 300 250 100 150 200 300 Billion Short Tons Billion Short Tons By Rank By Region 9 Indiana 153 Surface 12 New Mexico 12 Texas 331 16 rado Colo- Underground 23 0 Ohio 50 200 250 100 350 150 300 By Mining Method Billion Short Tons U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 27 Penn- sylvania 29 tucky Ken- 231 32 West East of the Virginia Mississippi 61 ming Wyo- 104 254 West of the Mississippi 119 Montana Illinois 0 0 50 60 40 20 80 250 300 100 150 200 140 120 100 Source: Table 4.8. Billion Short Tons Billion Short Tons By Key State West and East of the Mississippi 102 Figure 4.8 Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011

123 e e 103 of m 4 8 3 .9 4.2 1.5 6.0 12.1 4.0 6.1 23.1 Total 98.4 156.4 5.2 9.2 1. 1.9 484.5 8 9. 15.9 31.7 10 26.9 19.2 12.0 119.0 231.0 1. 61.0 253.5 1.5 2.2 229.7 .4 5 .5 (s) Total 26.3 39.6 .7 .3 1.5 153.3 .6 8.9 12.1 9.1 3.1 . .3 3.6 4.5 3.4 4.8 4.2 16.5 5.7 .3 5.9 48.0 47.0 18.5 106.3 87.4 .4 Surface Totals may not equal sum • (s) 72.1 5.4 116.7 1.1 .4 331.2 1.0 .8 .0 1.2 8.6 .9 .0 1.7 4.9 15.6 6.1 1.3 11.2 17.4 1.5 22.7 87.6 28.3 70.9 42.5 184.0 147.2 142.4 Underground 1 (s) (s) 1.1 12.6 .0 0.4 42.8 .0 .0 .0 12.1 .0 1.1 8.9 .0 .0 4.2 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 1.1 15.8 .0 41.7 29.2 .4 Lignite Surface (s) 0.0 .6 .0 .0 .0 55.9 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 5.0 .0 18.1 32.3 .0 .0 .0 .0 55.9 55.9 Surface Subbituminous Coal (s) (s) 0.0 4.8 .0 .0 .0 121.1 .0 .0 1.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 69.6 .0 38.6 3.4 3.7 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 121.1 .0 121.2 Underground Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Coal Reserves Database. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/coal/. coal resources are not totally recoverable. Net recoverability with current mining technologies ranges fro 0 percent (in far northern Alaska) to more than 90 percent. Fifty-four percent of the demonstrated reserv base of coal in the United States is estimated to be recoverable. components due to independent rounding. and on file, meeting minimum seam and depth criteria, and in the ground as of January 1, 2011. Thes 8.6 .1 27.1 .0 1.1 51.2 .0 .0 .0 .5 .6 .5 16.5 .6 4.5 .3 .0 .9 .3 3.6 42.6 2.3 21.9 .3 2.1 .5 9.1 3.4 5.7 .8 Surface Bituminous Coal (s) .6 .3 .3 7.5 .0 1.5 1.4 2.7 1.7 .0 1.2 8.6 3.8 4.9 15.6 21.2 68.2 116.6 1.1 206.0 17.4 .9 87.6 28.3 .9 .8 180.0 18.9 25.9 Underground (s) (s) (s) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3.3 .0 .0 .0 3.4 .0 .0 3.3 .0 3.3 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 Surface Anthracite on the Web Page for a description of the methodology (s) (s) (s) 4.0 .1 .0 .0 .0 .1 4.1 .1 .0 .0 .0 .0 4.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 3.8 .0 .0 .0 .0 .1 .0 .0 Underground Data represent remaining measured and indicated coal resources, analyzed • U.S. Coal Reserves: 1997 Update ... Region and State See ... • ... ... ... ... ... 2 3 4 Lignite resources are not mined underground in the United States. Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, and Michigan. Arizona, Idaho, Oregon, and South Dakota. 2 3 4 1 (s)=Less than 0.05 billion short tons. Notes: able 4.8 Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011 estern ppalachian .S. Total sed to produce these data. (Billion Short Tons) Iowa ... New Mexico ... Other Virginia ... Illinois ... Other States East of the Mississippi River ... Missouri ... Texas ... Other Wyoming ... Pennsylvania ... Kentucky, Western ... Washington ... nterior Ohio ... Indiana ... Alaska ... States West of the Mississippi River ... Oklahoma ... North Dakota ... Utah ... Kentucky, Eastern ... West Virginia ... Montana ... Alabama ... Colorado ... W U I A T u

124 3 5 2011 2011 5 3 Exploration Development Exploration Development 1 1 2001 2001 0 0 2 1 1991 1991 2 1 9 3 1981 1981 18 11 10 4 1971 28 1971 11 19 3 1961 8 1961 1 0 Source: Table 4.9. 10 20 30 Thousands 2 4 6 8 0 12 10 Footage Drilled, Selected Years Holes Drilled, Selected Years 2010 2010 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 0 40 80 60 20 40 50 60 10 20 30 120 100 In 2002 and 2003, data are withheld to avoid disclosure. 1 Million Feet Thousands Total Holes Drilled, 1958-2011¹ 104 Total Footage Drilled, 1949-2011¹ Figure 4.9 Uranium Exploration and Development Drilling

125 y e n ic in 105 .66 .66 .78 1.02 1.25 1.67 5.61 2.11 2.50 1.06 6.33 3.05 2.55 4.88 1.97 3.74 1.68 1.76 1.84 5.09 3.17 2.07 5.36 3.01 1.11 2.23 2.71 4.90 1.35 5.15 4.64 6.03 0.41 W W 41.08 23.53 28.19 45.58 25.42 34.80 14.22 48.10 Statistical Data of th Million Feet Footage Drilled 1982-2002—U.S. Energ • 2003-2005—EIA, "Domest • Total annual reports. 1.55 3.14 2.19 3.18 1.77 1.00 7.21 9.36 3.65 2.02 3.81 7.79 9.35 2.31 3.84 5.21 3.83 7.30 3.20 9.97 4.70 5.52 4.90 5.68 1.02 6.60 3.42 W W NA NA NA 26.42 10.60 13.56 67.64 90.65 58.85 31.73 59.80 93.45 55.89 104.35 2006 forward—EIA, "2011 Domestic Uranium Productio Thousands • Holes Drilled Report No. GJO-100 (1983), Table VIII-5. Uranium Industry Annual, See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#resources for all data beginning • .21 .76 .50 .32 .34 .97 .95 .89 .29 .86 .81 .66 .95 .80 .87 0.05 2.33 4.21 8.59 3.56 3.75 3.44 5.55 2.16 1.08 1.89 2.69 9.73 2.95 3.00 1.13 2.55 3.35 1.73 W W W W 1949-1981—U.S. Department of Energy, Grand Junction Office, NA 14.44 19.15 13.01 17.62 • Million Feet Footage Drilled For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/nuclear/. • 2 Sources: Web Pages: Uranium Industry, January 1, 1983, Uranium Production Report," annual reports. 1949. Information Administration (EIA), Report" (May 2012), Table 1. Development .48 .83 .77 .72 1.73 1.67 1.02 2.91 3.43 1.85 7.33 3.00 8.67 1.75 4.16 3.58 5.86 5.16 3.01 3.89 1.91 5.00 1.99 5.23 4.77 3.18 1.57 W W W W NA NA NA NA 29.29 27.23 20.19 30.19 21.60 24.40 14.87 30.86 Thousands Holes Drilled U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .34 .00 .40 .18 .56 .22 .57 .87 .89 .97 .82 .88 5.27 0.36 4.23 1.43 2.26 1.11 1.42 1.28 1.40 1.05 1.46 2.09 3.32 1.16 1.10 2.54 2.20 1.33 W W W W NA 10.87 27.96 15.69 28.95 19.60 17.98 28.07 20.36 Million Feet Footage Drilled 1 Exploration .27 .94 .00 .52 .36 .58 1.12 1.51 2.03 1.62 1.99 1.82 1.37 2.88 4.29 5.44 2.44 4.80 1.79 1.94 6.23 7.34 2.09 1.47 6.97 4.35 5.20 W W W W NA NA NA NA 39.61 17.75 62.60 75.07 34.29 43.98 40.41 60.46 Thousands Holes Drilled Includes surface drilling in search of new ore deposits or extensions of known deposits and drilling at Includes all surface drilling on an ore deposit to determine more precisely size, grade, and 2 1 NA=Not available. W=Value withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. able 4.9 Uranium Exploration and Development Drilling, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 999 965 010 008 007 975 006 005 011 976 004 977 003 960 002 978 009 988 001 000 986 979 970 980 998 997 955 981 996 995 950 982 994 983 949 993 992 984 991 990 985 989 987 onfiguration subsequent to the time that commercial exploitation is deemed feasible. ommercial exploitation. he location of a discovery up to the time the company decides sufficient ore reserves are present to justify 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 t 1 c 1 1 1 c 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 T 2

126 1,227 $100 or Less (dollars¹ per pound) Forward-Cost Category 539 $50 or Less 0 500 1,500 1,000 Million Pounds Uranium Oxide Total Reserves Notes: • See “Uranium Oxide” in Glossary. • Data are at end of year. Source: Table 4.10. 154 Others² 50 $50 or Less $100 or Less 40 (dollars¹ per pound) Forward-Cost Category U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Texas 27 198 Utah Arizona, 63 Colorado, 390 New Mexico 179 446 Wyoming 220 0 300 100 200 400 500 See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. Alaska, California, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, 2 1 Million Pounds Uranium Oxide Virginia, and Washington. By State 106 Figure 4.10 Uranium Reserves, 2008

127 e 107 a, For updates, se • 40 446 1,227 390 198 154 $100 or Less per pound) 3 (July 2010), Table 1. See "Uranium Oxide" in Glossary. • (dollars Category 2 Forward-Cost U.S. Uranium Reserves Estimates Estimates are at end of year. • 50 63 27 220 179 539 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Alaska, California, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Virgini $50 or Less 3 4 Sources: EIA, Notes: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/nuclear/. and Washington. http://www.eia.gov/cneaf/nuclear/page/reserves/ures.html. all reserves at the lower cost in that category. ... ... ... ... U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2008 1 State ... 4 ... The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) category of uranium reserves is equivalent to the Forward costs include the costs for power and fuel, labor, materials, insurance, severance and ad 2 1 able 4.10 Uranium Reserves, ining of the individual deposits may or may not return such costs to investors. Sunk costs for such items oney. The forward costs used to estimate U.S. uranium ore reserves are independent of the price at hich uranium produced from the estimated reserves might be sold in the commercial market. Reserves s exploration and land acquisition are excluded as are the costs for income taxes, profit, and the cost of alorem taxes, and applicable administrative costs. Past capital costs are considered "sunk" costs and alues in forward-cost categories are cumulative; that is, the quantity at each level of forward cost includes (Million Pounds Uranium Oxide) Wyoming ... Total Others Texas ... New Mexico ... Arizona, Colorado, Utah ... nternationally reported category of "Reasonably Assured Resources" (RAR). a v w m m v i T

128 aset produced by the Climatological Solar et (SUNY/NREL, 2007) representing data from 1998-2005. The data for Alaska are a 40-km dat Department of Energy (October 20, 2008). The data for Hawaii and the 48 contiguous States are a 10-kilometer (km) satellite modeled datas Radiation Model (NREL, 2003). /Day = 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Sources: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Notes: • Annual average direct normal solar resource data are shown. • kWh/m kilowatthours per square meter per day. 108 Figure 4.11 Concentrating Solar Resources

129 109 Sources: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Depart- Model (NREL, 2003). ment of Energy (October 20, 2008). The data for Hawaii and the 48 contiguous States are a 2005. The data for Alaska are a 40-km dataset produced by the Climatological Solar Radiation 10-kilometer (km) satellite modeled dataset (SUNY/NREL, 2007) representing data from 1998- /Day = 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Notes: • Annual average solar resource data are shown for a tilt=latitude collector. • kWh/m Figure 4.12 Photovoltaic Solar Resources kilowatthours per square meter per day.

130 ndnavigator.com and ://www.wi .com. Spatial resolution of wind resource data: 2.5 kilometers. www.awstruepower Projection: Albers Equal Area WGS84. http:// Truepower, LLC for windNavigator®. See http U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Sources: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Notes: • Data are annual average wind speed at 80 meters. • m/s = meters per second. Department of Energy (April 1, 2011). Wind resource estimates developed by AWS 110 Figure 4.13 Onshore Wind Resources

131 111 . Source: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Department of Energy (January 10, 2011) second. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Notes: • Data are annual average wind speed at 90 meters. • m/s = meters per • mph = miles per hour. Figure 4.14 Offshore Wind Resources

132 deep EGS includes tempera- yses (for regions with temperatures a for identified hydrothermal sites from mperature Geothermal Resources of the Southern Methodist University Geothermal Sources: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the 150°C) performed by NREL (2009). Source dat United States (2008). USGS Assessment of Moderate- and High-Te Department of Energy (October 13, 2009). Source data for ture at depth from 3 to 10 km provided by Laboratory (Blackwell & Richards, 2010) and anal  U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 assessment of undiscovered hydrothermal ified hydrothermal sites and favorability of deep ures less than 150°C at 10 kilometers (km) depth Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Notes: • Data are for locations of ident located near hydrothermal sites or USGS and were not assessed for deep EGS potential. • **Temperature at depth data for deep EGS in Alaska and Hawaii not available. resources. • *”N/A” regions have temperat enhanced geothermal systems (EGS). • Map does not include shallow EGS resources 112 Figure 4.15 Geothermal Resources

133 113 well. The difference is only in the data’s time ogy for the development of an older assessment, . Web Page: For related information, see http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html. Source: This map was created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Depart- the information is applicable to this assessment as Although, the document contains the methodol period. ment of Energy (September 23, 2009) = square kilometer. • This 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 available in the United States by county. It er treatment (2007), and animal manure (2002). ill and urban wood waste (2002), methane emis- op residues (5 year average: 2003-2007), forest Notes: • Data are for total biomass per square kilometer. • km Figure 4.16 Biomass Resources For more information on the data development, please refer to http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy06osti/39181.pdf. and primary mill residues (2007), secondary m includes the following feedstock categories: cr study estimates the biomass resources currently sions from landfills (2008), domestic wastewat

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135 5. Petroleum and Other Liquids

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137 117 are derived from source data prior to rounding for (February 2012), Table 4; and revisions to crude oil Petroleum Supply Monthly Petroleum products supplied. Sources: Tables 5.1b, 5.3, 5.5, 5.8, 5.11, 5.13a-5.13d, 5.16; U.S. Energy Information Admin- Notes: • Data are preliminary. • Values (s)=Less than 0.005. 6 istration, production and adjustments (see sources for Table 5.1b). publication. • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 /other hydrocarbons, and motor gasoline uels and oxygenate plant net production (-.019) (Million Barrels per Day) Unfinished oils, hydrogen/oxygenates/renewables Field production (2.183) and renewable f Natural gas plant liquids. Finished petroleum products, liquefied petroleum gases, and pentanes plus. Renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production (0.972), net imports (1.164) and adjustments minus refinery and blender net inputs (0.489). and aviation gasoline blending components. 4 1 5 3 2 (0.122) minus stock change (0.019) and product supplied (0.001). Figure 5.0. Petroleum Flow, 2011

138 2010 Production Net Imports 18.9 2000 Estimated Consumption 1990 8.4 1980 Net Imports 1970 9.9 1960 Production 1950 0 5 0 10 20 15 20 40 80 60 Source: Table 5.1a. 100 Million Barrels per Day Percent 1949-2011 Production and Net Imports, Share of Estimated Consumption, Overview, 2011 2010 2010 Total Net Imports Production ondensate), natural gas 2000 2000 Estimated Consumption U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 il (including lease c 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 2 8 0 0 5 4 6 12 10 10 25 20 15 Note: Production includes production of crude o Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day plant liquids, fuel ethanol (minus denaturant), and biodiesel; and processing gain. 118 Production, 1949-2011 Figure 5.1a Petroleum and Other Liquids Overview Overview, 1949-2011

139 119 2010 18.8 Exports Product Imports 2000 Products Supplied 1990 2.9 Exports 1980 11.4 Imports Crude Oil Imports 1970 7.8 1960 Field Production¹ 5 0 20 15 10 1950 0 9 6 3 Sources: Tables 5.1b.and 5.3 12 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day Trade, 1949-2011 Overview, 2011 1 2010 2010 Crude Oil Net Imports Field Production 2000 2000 Products Supplied U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Natural Gas Plant Liquids 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 2 8 6 0 4 5 0 Crude oil and natural gas plant liquids field production. 10 20 10 15 25 1 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day Crude Oil and Natural Gas Plant Liquids Field Production, 1949-2011 Overview, 1949-2011 Figure 5.1b Petroleum Overview

140 k n d d d ly is in nt 4; 4 5,763 9,797 6,458 8,455 19,192 18,789 18,877 16,322 18,431 18,915 15,310 19,517 16,063 19,699 17,056 19,760 20,031 18,513 16,717 20,728 20,803 17,036 20,697 16,769 20,695 17,336 17,461 16,326 17,096 15,766 17,716 14,697 15,758 17,723 11,512 18,308 15,258 17,379 18,619 17,235 19,647 19,506 18,847 P R R Estimated Calculated as estimate Consumption Tables 5.1b, 10.3, and 10. Tables 5.1b, 10.3, and 10.4; an Balancing Item: Thousand Barrels per Day Net Imports: 3 5 8 -2 -5 60 51 74 74 -30 -52 -37 -76 -31 561 267 154 133 376 195 496 894 302 424 143 230 654 268 159 455 114 303 165 297 616 185 493 168 260 239 277 -135 -119 -520 P R Item Estimated Consumption: Balancing Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA), Petroleum Supply Month Tables 5.1b, 10.3, and 10.4. 8.4 5.5 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an 44.7 49.2 51.4 29.9 16.5 28.1 53.4 38.0 19.8 37.3 51.6 41.4 56.1 28.3 43.1 21.5 49.2 50.8 58.4 46.4 55.5 52.9 60.3 42.5 40.6 44.5 59.9 33.6 45.5 27.2 58.1 42.0 46.5 44.2 35.4 35.8 40.6 33.3 56.9 10.4 39.5 • P Percent See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning • as Share of Net Imports Production: See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ and http://www.eia.gov/renewable/ for related information. and earlier publications—see sources for Table 5.1b. • Estimated Consumption Sources: Web Pages: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. 1949. and EIA, PSA, PSM, and earlier publications—see sources for Table 5.1b. annual data. consumption minus production and net imports. of denaturant in fuel ethanol consumed; for other years, see sources in Table 10.3. Estimated consumptio U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), calculated as fuel ethanol refinery and blender net inputs minus fuel ethanol adjustments minus the amou change; for other years, see sources in Table 10.4. (PSM), of biodiesel in 2011 is calculated as biodiesel production plus biodiesel net imports minus biodiesel stoc Consumption," at end of section. Estimated consumption of fuel ethanol minus denaturant in 2011 2 318 545 880 8,432 9,435 9,654 6,626 3,161 6,587 8,054 7,161 5,846 5,914 1,613 7,886 7,090 2,281 7,202 8,565 8,002 7,985 6,938 5,439 6,365 5,401 4,298 7,618 9,912 9,764 4,312 9,158 8,498 4,715 4,286 P R 12,027 12,391 12,549 10,547 10,900 11,090 10,419 12,097 11,238 Net Imports Thousand Barrels per Day U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 52.4 49.4 47.8 42.9 91.5 56.8 90.0 60.4 82.8 80.2 50.2 79.3 70.4 56.6 70.9 64.1 63.6 95.0 49.4 58.5 51.8 52.1 70.5 58.7 56.4 40.1 47.5 57.2 39.4 39.1 57.6 41.0 56.8 42.7 44.6 63.1 54.7 70.2 66.7 44.1 66.6 44.2 44.6 E R Percent Production as Share of Estimated Consumption 1 9,884 9,490 8,981 9,201 8,686 8,784 8,554 8,711 9,422 8,720 5,475 9,183 8,498 9,703 9,874 9,846 5,908 8,140 7,611 9,239 8,110 8,163 9,645 8,364 9,194 9,234 8,292 8,987 E R R 10,761 11,177 10,387 11,095 10,893 10,473 10,693 10,662 10,467 10,213 10,636 11,656 10,771 10,767 10,744 Production Thousand Barrels per Day Crude oil (including lease condensate) production; natural gas plant liquids production; and processing Net imports equal imports minus exports. Includes petroleum (excluding biofuels) net imports. Includes petroleum and biofuels stock withdrawals (stock change multiplied by -1); petroleum Includes estimated consumption of petroleum. Beginning in 1981, also includes estimated 1 3 4 2 able 5.1a Petroleum and Other Liquids Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 eginning in 1993, also includes fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) net imports. Beginning in 2001, also Year 007 990 994 982 970 997 010 ain (refinery and blender net production minus refinery and blender net inputs). Beginning in 1981, also 984 976 991 993 001 io-jet fuel and bio-ETBE) imports. 009 977 djustments; and biodiesel balancing item. 008 998 000 iodiesel. Techniques used to estimate consumption vary depending on the product. Petroleum product 981 rder to prevent double counting. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum 988 987 011 965 978 996 006 960 979 983 955 985 005 950 992 004 980 949 995 999 003 989 986 002 975 upplied is used as an approximation of petroleum consumption, which is adjusted to exclude biofuels in onsumption of fuel ethanol minus denaturant. Beginning in 2001, also includes estimated consumption of ncludes biodiesel net imports. Beginning in 2009, also includes a small amount of other biofuels (such as ncludes fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) production. Beginning in 2001, also includes biodiesel production. 1 2 1 a 1 2 1 c 2 b 1 s 1 o 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 g 2 i 1 1 1 1 B 1 i 2 b T 120

141 121 . y y l, d d d al in s; s, 2, 8 annu 5,763 6,458 8,455 9,797 19,180 18,835 20,802 19,498 17,325 18,620 20,680 18,917 15,726 16,281 15,231 19,701 17,237 19,649 16,058 17,283 17,461 16,714 16,988 17,033 19,761 17,725 18,309 15,296 19,519 15,726 18,771 18,847 14,697 18,431 20,034 20,731 18,513 17,056 11,512 20,687 17,718 16,665 16,322 Totals ma P R Products • Petroleum Supplied Monthly Energ monthly reports; an 11 -8 64 28 38 41 -20 -10 -16 -38 -37 -51 402 264 852 513 386 260 338 501 287 165 495 653 228 487 532 101 197 422 129 249 567 496 527 218 200 528 121 478 522 564 523 209 P R Adjust- ments Petroleum Statement, Annua Appendix B. 8,10 -8 -8 49 60 56 41 32 15 Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA), -68 -43 -58 -69 -94 -28 -20 -10 -83 -56 R 195 145 160 143 548 103 140 239 151 173 325 202 280 107 109 209 -115 -148 -246 -103 -422 -105 -147 -151 P (s) Stock Change Petroleum Supply Monthly, 8,9 318 545 880 Net 8,436 9,441 3,161 5,914 8,498 8,002 6,938 4,715 9,912 8,054 7,618 5,401 5,846 8,565 2,281 4,286 4,312 7,090 7,161 9,764 7,985 6,587 6,626 7,202 7,886 9,158 4,298 6,365 5,439 9,667 1,613 1981-2009—EIA, P • R 12,390 12,036 11,238 11,114 10,419 12,549 10,546 10,900 12,097 Imports Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), 949 764 859 942 815 187 857 981 223 950 243 362 544 815 209 945 595 984 471 971 722 785 259 940 739 781 327 202 305 368 2,353 2,924 1,001 1,802 1,040 1,433 1,027 1,003 1,317 1,165 1,003 2,024 1,048 Trade P annual reports. R Exports 7,8 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an 645 850 • 7,627 7,888 8,996 8,807 7,402 7,313 8,018 8,061 8,835 9,478 6,678 8,620 2,468 5,067 3,419 6,909 8,456 8,363 5,113 6,056 5,051 6,224 5,437 5,996 1,815 1,248 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, 11,793 11,360 11,871 11,459 10,852 13,707 12,264 10,162 13,468 11,530 10,708 12,915 13,714 11,691 13,145 • • P R See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," and Note Imports • 2010 and 2011—EIA, PSA, annual report; • (May 2012), Table 3.1 (based on crude oil production data from: State government agencies; U.S See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. • 6 2 -2 Notes: Web Pages: Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 500 barrels per day an 34 996 768 477 850 661 886 989 993 774 948 655 974 715 837 639 766 903 994 772 683 886 957 220 524 488 359 508 557 496 553 460 527 531 597 616 979 146 and Form EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report"). not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and predecessor agencie annual reports. 1949. "Changes Affecting Petroleum Production and Product Supplied Statistics," at end of section. greater than -500 barrels per day. revisions to crude oil production, total field production, and adjustments, published in the Review Petroleum Statement, Annual, annual data. reports. ethanol, and distillate fuel oil. See EIA, 1,085 1,068 1,051 P Gain R Processing 5 954 907 746 P R and NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Fuels Renewable Oxygenates 7,550 7,844 7,228 9,076 8,388 8,011 6,895 8,295 9,159 9,736 9,944 8,582 9,014 9,862 8,322 7,731 7,400 6,847 6,734 7,626 8,269 8,914 9,765 7,733 6,841 7,670 8,868 7,270 5,477 5,906 7,578 7,965 Total E R 10,199 10,180 10,135 10,509 10,170 10,275 10,231 10,007 11,297 10,581 10,246 4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 430 499 771 929 2,074 2,183 1,618 1,850 1,759 1,784 1,717 1,910 1,573 1,567 1,697 1,630 1,830 1,595 1,604 1,809 1,739 1,911 1,783 1,609 1,546 1,625 1,727 1,719 1,659 1,559 1,559 1,633 1,660 1,584 1,550 1,868 1,609 1,551 1,880 1,762 1,817 1,210 1,736 P R Natural Gas 1 Plant Liquids 5,662 5,476 5,419 7,355 5,801 8,649 8,971 5,102 9,637 5,064 8,375 8,140 5,681 8,707 6,662 8,552 7,417 7,171 8,572 7,613 5,822 6,847 5,746 5,881 4,950 7,804 6,252 8,132 6,465 8,349 5,178 8,879 8,688 8,597 8,680 5,361 8,245 6,560 6,452 7,035 5,046 6,807 5,407 Total E R Field Production 2 2 0 0 0 30 572 601 974 229 464 963 645 864 191 970 741 984 173 722 908 683 E R 1,617 1,401 1,714 1,050 1,296 1,393 1,484 1,175 1,582 1,696 2,017 1,962 1,825 1,773 1,229 1,798 1,874 1,609 1,722 1,559 1,867 1,714 Alaska Crude Oil 3 5,090 4,874 5,407 4,832 6,387 4,510 7,958 4,268 5,046 4,851 7,774 7,151 6,974 4,314 5,618 6,962 5,739 7,478 7,146 6,123 7,781 5,457 4,706 7,157 8,183 6,807 5,103 6,814 5,156 5,076 7,034 5,077 4,342 4,715 6,953 4,361 6,980 4,761 4,839 5,264 5,582 5,071 9,408 E R 48 States An adjustment for crude oil, finished motor gasoline, motor gasoline blending components, fuel Crude oil production on leases, and natural gas liquids (liquefied petroleum gases, pentanes plus, and Beginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Beginning in 2009, also A negative value indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive value indicates an increase. Includes Renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production. Net imports equal imports minus exports. Refinery and blender net production minus refinery and blender net inputs. See Table 5.8. See Table 5.10. Includes crude oil imports for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977. See Table 5.17. United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. Includes lease condensate. 3 2 4 8 5 1 6 9 7 able 5.1b Petroleum Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 11 eating Oil Reserve. See Table 5.16. as previously classified as "Field Production" of finished motor gasoline, motor gasoline blending Year 987 small amount of finished petroleum products) production at natural gas processing plants. Excludes what 983 007 979 965 970 990 993 002 001 011 960 982 994 984 975 955 991 003 997 988 950 981 004 998 010 000 989 949 976 986 009 995 977 985 005 980 008 996 978 992 006 999 rude oil stocks in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, but excludes distillate fuel oil stocks in the Northeast omponents, and other hydrocarbons and oxygenates; these are now included in "Adjustments." (Thousand Barrels per Day) ncludes biodiesel and other renewable fuels blended into petroleum. w 1 1 1 c 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 i 1 1 1 2 1 1 c 1 H 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 a 2 1 T 1

142 2010 2010 2000 2000 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 0 5 0 Source: Table 5.2. 10 20 15 200 400 600 800 Barrels per Day per Well Thousand Wells Number of Producing Wells Crude Oil Well Average Productivity 2010 Onshore Alaska Offshore 48 States¹ 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1980 1970 1960 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2 2 0 4 6 8 0 8 6 4 United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. 10 10 Note: Crude oil includes lease condensate. 1 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day (Cumulative) Crude Oil Production by Location 122 Crude Oil Production, 48 States¹ and Alaska Figure 5.2 Crude Oil Production and Crude Oil Well Productivity, 1954-2011

143 123 s e t, 0 g s. m e. te s" 5 (Jun 201 • Petroleu Producin 9.4 10.6 10.5 11.7 11.1 10.8 11.3 14.3 15.7 13.2 13.0 11.4 13.9 11.3 16.8 16.1 11.9 13.9 11.4 12.4 12.1 14.4 16.8 10.1 13.5 10.3 10.9 10.2 10.9 16.3 14.9 12.6 12.1 10.9 18.1 11.1 12.2 15.4 13.3 10.4 10.6 16.3 Calculated a E R per Well Average annual report Productivity Barrels per Day Productivity 1 annual reports. 4 536 520 584 548 573 621 524 562 517 574 647 589 623 591 582 546 574 511 531 603 603 614 620 557 612 580 594 602 513 510 526 499 531 530 500 526 529 500 497 498 507 534 P R Wells Crude Oil Well Producing Thousands Average Productivity: Outer Continental Shelf Statistics The Oil Producing Industry in Your Stat "Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Product Petroleum Statement, Annual, Petroleum Supply Annual, Total 5,476 5,662 6,847 8,707 6,342 6,560 6,662 6,807 6,465 6,452 7,035 8,552 8,680 6,252 7,804 8,971 5,881 8,879 8,597 8,140 7,417 8,349 7,171 7,355 8,572 7,613 8,688 8,649 5,102 8,245 4,950 5,822 5,064 9,637 8,132 5,419 5,178 8,375 5,361 5,746 5,681 5,801 E R February issues. Minerals Yearbook, (May 2012), Table 3.1; and crude oil production data from: Sta World Oil, 1981-2009—EIA, • 162 665 319 133 Total 1,250 1,732 1,484 1,034 1,067 1,136 1,525 1,370 1,562 1,254 1,750 1,283 1,648 1,250 1,692 1,110 1,034 1,218 1,196 1,191 1,196 1,127 1,172 1,082 1,264 1,176 1,362 1,577 1,657 2,003 1,712 1,701 1,738 1,883 1,498 1,773 2,012 1,923 E R RE annual reports; and U.S. Geological Survey, annual reports. Monthly Energy Review 1976-1980—EIA, Energy Data Reports, • 122 111 371 227 365 216 244 385 353 288 337 287 236 219 261 280 286 287 272 247 261 356 280 119 312 331 358 248 371 302 365 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, E E 1954-1975—Bureau of Mines, NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA State • • Offshore 1981-1994—Independent Petroleum Association of America, 1995 forward—Gulf Publishing Co., and predecessor agencies; and Form EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." government agencies; U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcemen total production divided by producing wells. Statement, Annual, 1979). • Wells: and 2011—EIA, • chapter. Statement, Annual, Thousand Barrels per Day 964 886 855 773 977 863 938 904 821 960 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,373 1,609 1,355 1,462 1,039 1,017 1,278 1,038 1,140 1,197 1,023 1,641 1,525 1,344 1,621 1,354 1,527 1,218 1,370 1,637 1,619 E E Federal Petroleum Crude Oil Production 5,596 3,744 4,178 7,485 5,035 5,291 7,596 7,562 4,560 5,953 6,273 4,902 7,492 6,245 7,571 7,153 6,486 7,426 7,537 6,949 7,722 4,803 7,538 4,132 7,140 6,716 6,645 6,209 8,060 3,466 3,452 3,536 3,743 3,401 4,049 7,069 7,012 3,879 3,407 3,622 3,668 6,868 E R Onshore RE U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 5,476 5,662 8,688 5,881 8,707 8,879 6,560 8,140 8,680 6,252 8,597 8,572 7,613 8,971 8,349 8,552 7,171 6,847 6,452 8,649 7,417 7,355 6,662 6,465 7,804 7,035 6,807 6,342 8,132 5,361 5,064 5,419 8,375 9,637 4,950 5,178 5,681 5,801 5,822 5,746 8,245 5,102 E R 3 0 2 0 30 1954-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, 601 572 984 974 864 741 683 191 963 229 722 908 464 173 645 970 • E R 1,798 1,296 1,773 1,722 1,714 1,582 1,393 1,401 1,825 1,617 1,484 1,714 1,696 1,175 1,867 1,559 1,609 1,229 1,050 1,874 2,017 1,962 Alaska Thousand Barrels per Day 2 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all data beginning in • 5,090 4,874 7,958 5,264 6,123 4,706 4,314 4,851 4,839 4,268 5,618 7,774 4,761 6,387 6,962 7,151 7,146 6,814 5,077 5,457 4,361 4,715 7,478 4,510 5,076 4,832 5,103 7,157 5,071 8,183 7,781 6,974 5,156 6,980 6,953 7,034 4,342 9,408 6,342 6,807 5,582 5,739 E R Crude Oil Production: 48 States For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. • Through 1976, average productivity is based on the average number of producing wells. Beginning in United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. Includes State onshore, State offshore, and Federal Includes State onshore and State offshore production. See "Crude Oil Well" in Glossary. As of December 31. 3 5 2 4 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Web Pages: Sources: able 5.2 Crude Oil Production and Crude Oil Well Productivity, Selected Years, 1954-2011 Year 990 001 984 980 976 992 988 955 007 002 996 978 977 999 010 998 ffshore production. 994 000 011 989 995 009 960 977, average productivity is based on the number of wells producing at end of year. 986 985 979 006 983 003 954. 991 008 965 954 987 004 005 982 975 970 993 997 981 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 o 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 T 1

144 2010 Fuel Oil Residual 251 Components Motor Gasoline, Distillate Fuel Oil Including Blending Other Products² 2000 22 1990 Road Oil Asphalt and 1980 69 Jet Fuel 1970 105 Motor 1960 Gasoline 1950 Source: Table 5.3. 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 133 LPG¹ Million Barrels per Day By Selected Product, 1949-2011 2010 176 Fuel Oil Distillate Total Crude Oil 2000 Petroleum Products U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 353 Fuel Oil Residual 1990 rosene, lubricants, naphtha-type jet fuel, leum coke, special naphthas, waxes, other 1980 623 Unfinished Oils 1970 707 1960 Blending Components Motor Gasoline 0 1950 800 600 400 200 5 0 Aviation gasoline and blending components, ke Liquefied petroleum gases. 15 10 1 2 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day pentanes plus, petrochemical feedstocks, petro hydrocarbons and oxygenates, and miscellaneous products. By Product, 2011 124 Total, 1949-2011 Figure 5.3 Petroleum Imports by Type

145 125 l, d al in s, of annu 850 645 Total 1,815 1,248 6,909 7,313 2,468 6,056 8,456 8,363 8,807 3,419 9,478 7,888 6,224 6,678 5,067 8,996 8,061 5,437 7,627 8,620 7,402 8,018 8,835 5,996 5,051 5,113 11,793 11,360 10,708 13,468 11,871 13,145 10,852 10,162 12,264 13,707 12,915 11,530 13,714 11,691 11,459 R Petroleum 799 466 363 224 Total 2,580 1,229 1,951 2,008 2,026 1,646 2,193 1,937 2,095 2,438 3,588 2,543 1,971 2,678 2,002 2,390 3,132 3,589 3,437 2,389 2,599 1,936 3,057 2,122 2,217 2,004 2,011 2,123 1,844 2,045 1,833 1,605 2,295 1,866 1,933 1,805 1,722 1,625 1,599 R Petroleum Statement, Annua Totals may not equal sum • Petroleum Supply Annual, 6 1 0 0 54 72 10 87 95 50 95 32 94 84 48 234 251 337 360 375 373 393 473 350 337 414 436 217 375 319 473 146 196 195 171 198 198 130 153 291 276 183 219 (s) R Other Products 1981-2010—EIA, 36 59 31 15 55 92 32 21 45 27 10 • (February 2012). 606 108 623 677 410 302 490 582 335 274 367 378 353 317 717 689 763 360 250 491 443 234 231 413 413 348 349 112 299 413 318 174 R Oils Unfinished 939 417 946 329 637 366 206 353 426 530 372 350 194 295 237 249 331 275 327 248 352 349 681 504 510 373 800 669 375 187 699 565 314 776 453 644 629 annual reports. R 1,413 1,528 1,355 1,359 1,151 1,223 Fuel Oil Residual Petroleum Supply Monthly 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an • 0 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 24 48 60 83 47 36 66 41 27 72 42 20 57 62 67 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, 741 707 451 753 669 510 223 166 209 789 367 217 298 719 311 200 • • R Includes imports from U.S. possessions and territories. Blending • 2011—EIA, Components • Motor Gasoline See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. • Included in "Motor Gasoline." 5 7 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 500 barrels per day. Sources: Web Pages: 0 annual reports. components due to independent rounding. reports. annual data. Petroleum Statement, Annual, 1949. special naphthas. Beginning in 2005, also includes naphtha-type jet fuel. 13 67 28 27 134 105 413 475 496 603 382 299 184 381 498 311 223 369 131 297 247 140 405 302 197 356 326 518 157 454 309 294 247 384 342 190 265 336 217 427 181 (s) R Motor Gasoline Petroleum Products 0 0 0 4 52 21 153 133 247 332 328 263 190 209 190 182 194 226 225 161 147 216 112 182 160 187 130 206 123 215 188 244 166 183 146 242 253 169 131 183 195 181 217 R Total 4 0 0 0 60 70 44 69 85 86 57 67 68 26 67 63 91 88 88 121 108 182 233 228 209 111 137 124 145 119 168 103 110 102 140 115 185 147 113 106 161 122 R NA NA Propane Liquefied Petroleum Gases U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3 3 3 3 98 69 38 81 80 34 78 67 67 76 57 39 62 86 75 29 90 81 91 29 82 Jet ( ) ( ) () R 127 190 186 217 108 109 106 133 106 111 107 144 100 117 148 103 128 124 162 Fuel 7 5 35 36 93 12 228 176 329 325 365 304 344 216 228 213 278 255 174 193 146 184 302 272 250 250 267 306 295 230 247 142 193 155 203 173 200 147 205 173 225 333 210 R Fuel Oil Distillate 3 5 4 4 5 2 7 4 4 9 20 22 43 40 50 43 14 31 18 32 35 17 12 37 36 29 27 27 28 32 36 17 25 26 32 27 28 31 17 22 34 28 11 Road Oil Asphalt and 1,2 782 487 421 9,213 8,921 1,015 8,225 9,783 3,329 4,396 9,328 7,508 4,178 6,356 3,488 5,107 3,426 5,263 9,013 1,238 9,665 9,140 9,071 6,615 5,782 1,324 7,230 5,287 8,706 6,787 4,674 5,843 3,201 4,105 5,894 6,519 8,731 7,063 6,083 Oil Crude R 10,126 10,118 10,031 10,088 P Aviation gasoline blending components, kerosene, lubricants, pentanes plus, petrochemical Finished motor gasoline. Through 1955, also includes naphtha-type jet fuel. Through 1963, also Through 1955, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Motor Gasoline." Through 1964, kerosene-type jet Includes lease condensate. Includes imports for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977. See Table 5.17. Includes propylene. 2 5 3 1 4 6 able 5.3 Petroleum Imports by Type, Selected Years, 1949-2011 hrough 1964, also includes kerosene-type jet fuel. Beginning in 1964, also includes aviation gasoline and Year 008 011 991 970 975 999 992 004 976 990 010 000 983 005 977 989 985 998 009 978 960 988 001 965 997 979 955 993 987 980 950 002 007 981 986 949 996 994 003 006 995 982 984 omponents. (Thousand Barrels per Day) Other Products." eedstocks, petroleum coke, waxes, other hydrocarbons and oxygenates, and miscellaneous products. uel is included with kerosene in "Other Products." Beginning in 2005, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in ncludes aviation gasoline and special naphthas. Through 1980, also includes motor gasoline blending c 1 1 1 f 2 T 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 f 1 1 " 2 1 2 1 2 i 1 T 1

146 2010 0.2 United Kingdom Canada 2005 Russia Mexico 0.2 Brazil 2000 United Kingdom 0.5 Iraq 1995 0.6 Russia 1990 0.8 1985 Nigeria 0.9 1980 zuela Vene- 1975 1.2 Saudi Arabia 1970 1.2 1965 2.7 Canada Mexico 1960 Note: OPEC=Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Source: Table 5.4. 1.2 0.6 0.0 2.4 3.0 1.8 3.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 0.0 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day Selected Non-OPEC Countries, 1960-2011 Selected Countries, 2011 2010 2010 Iraq Total 2005 2005 Non-OPEC 1 OPEC Saudi Arabia 2000 2000 Nigeria U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 Venezuela 1995 1990 1990 e shown beginning in 1971, when Nigeria joined 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 1965 1965 1960 1960 3 0 9 6 On this graph, imports from Nigeria ar 12 2.0 1.0 0.5 0.0 1.5 15 1 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day OPEC. 126 Selected OPEC Countries, 1960-2011 Total, OPEC, and Non-OPEC, 1960-2011 Figure 5.4 Petroleum Imports by Country of Origin

147 127 l, y d e in s, m of m 1 43.2 41.6 69.3 59.5 37.7 36.1 36.9 53.3 37.8 45.3 40.6 49.2 42.6 56.1 58.3 68.0 39.9 47.8 42.0 68.8 70.3 45.6 46.6 45.0 45.6 47.6 45.4 51.4 62.2 45.8 66.7 55.4 45.8 53.6 40.7 39.9 40.2 40.9 49.6 53.7 47.2 44.4 44.4 45.3 46.1 51.9 43.4 42.1 OPEC as Share of Total Imports Imports From 2 Data include an • Percent 9.9 8.8 6.1 9.3 8.0 6.1 9.7 7.7 5.4 Petroleum Supply Annua R R R R R 14.5 19.2 25.2 17.0 14.5 12.4 17.9 16.4 13.6 23.3 22.0 23.1 26.5 17.3 13.6 19.9 16.1 20.3 27.8 21.7 20.8 22.7 24.5 14.7 24.5 19.0 17.8 16.1 18.4 16.1 20.4 22.5 14.4 19.7 17.0 20.7 24.2 19.2 16.9 R R RE as Share of Total Imports Imports From Persian Gulf Totals may not equal sum • "Crude Petroleum and Petroleu Total 2,840 7,313 6,056 6,112 4,741 1,815 2,537 2,468 3,166 3,419 2,573 6,256 5,113 6,909 8,456 8,363 6,678 7,402 5,067 5,051 8,061 6,224 5,437 8,807 5,996 3,926 8,996 8,620 8,835 8,018 9,478 7,627 7,888 11,793 11,360 10,852 11,871 11,459 10,162 10,708 11,530 12,915 13,714 11,691 12,264 13,707 13,468 13,145 Imports R 1981-2010—EIA, • 4 (February 2012). 581 Minerals Yearbook, Total 1,553 2,247 2,454 2,856 2,695 6,887 1,879 1,290 1,029 2,126 1,129 3,263 2,609 3,387 2,968 3,388 3,921 3,237 2,614 2,672 2,819 3,882 3,617 2,612 3,189 6,825 2,253 5,803 3,535 3,721 4,833 5,267 4,347 5,593 6,257 3,796 6,343 4,749 5,899 8,127 8,190 6,925 7,103 7,489 6,915 7,444 6,961 R Non-OPEC annual reports. 8 9 6 28 31 14 20 11 11 15 10 456 310 202 352 375 402 126 350 176 315 382 215 180 256 158 226 308 383 365 250 324 350 366 230 138 189 458 396 440 478 236 380 277 245 272 (s) (s) United Kingdom Petroleum Supply Monthly 5 0 0 3 0 2 0 1 5 8 1 1 8 1 8 0 0 20 11 14 48 18 29 13 12 11 13 25 25 26 72 29 89 30 24 55 45 18 90 Countries 612 621 563 465 254 369 414 210 298 410 1 R 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report • Russia See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an 2011—EIA, • • 1960-1975—Bureau of Mines, See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning • • 8 45 48 43 49 16 42 87 71 21 45 27 16 The country of origin for refined petroleum products may not be the country of origin for th • 655 439 816 318 699 748 179 826 747 522 685 767 533 984 830 755 807 919 1,284 1,205 1,244 1,662 1,302 1,665 1,532 1,547 1,068 1,623 1,385 1,210 1,705 1,351 1,324 1,440 1,373 See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. Mexico R • Nigeria joined OPEC in 1971. For 1960–1970, Nigeria is included in "Total Non-OPEC." 6 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. (s)=Less than 500 barrels per day. Sources: Web Pages: Selected Non-OPEC imports for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977. components due to independent rounding. refineries in the Caribbean may have been produced from Middle East crude oil. 1960. crude oil from which the refined products were produced. For example, refined products imported fro Products" chapter. P.A.D. Districts Supply/Demand, Annual, annual reports. annual data. 506 450 120 766 608 323 447 931 547 599 846 482 538 848 770 517 630 467 455 999 807 384 857 934 2,706 2,535 1,108 1,070 2,353 1,332 2,181 1,971 2,479 2,493 2,138 1,325 1,424 2,455 2,072 1,563 1,069 1,272 1,598 1,181 1,033 1,828 1,807 1,539 R Canada 1 0 0 2 2 5 0 1 0 5 3 0 2 0 3 8 9 9 5 47 23 98 41 61 60 84 50 82 33 22 82 31 26 26 20 51 49 249 272 200 104 193 309 108 156 258 116 R (s) Brazil 4 Thousand Barrels per Day Total 1,294 1,233 1,439 1,286 1,247 1,287 4,534 3,060 5,066 3,520 5,637 1,830 5,751 3,601 2,837 6,193 4,300 2,046 3,256 3,323 2,049 1,862 4,140 2,146 4,906 1,444 1,673 5,162 5,587 5,528 4,569 4,211 5,701 2,993 5,517 4,002 4,092 4,092 5,954 4,905 4,247 4,605 5,203 4,273 4,776 4,296 4,953 5,980 OPEC R U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 938 911 994 886 989 875 944 988 959 406 481 690 605 873 794 793 979 804 548 412 702 690 646 422 700 R 1,018 1,020 1,546 1,676 1,480 1,300 1,361 1,419 1,493 1,189 1,334 1,398 1,135 1,025 1,170 1,773 1,553 1,035 1,719 1,529 1,554 1,063 1,376 Venezuela Countries 3 1 65 30 74 84 92 158 147 128 168 751 190 337 552 715 685 325 486 461 1,096 1,195 1,720 1,402 1,339 1,230 1,572 1,363 1,491 1,802 1,478 1,224 1,380 1,261 1,344 1,485 1,407 1,004 1,662 1,356 1,414 1,144 1,463 1,073 1,529 1,558 1,774 1,537 1,129 1,552 Saudi R Arabia Selected OPEC 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 817 102 627 459 762 698 514 896 302 713 740 657 988 535 617 696 621 815 637 857 618 703 440 251 681 809 216 885 293 919 620 867 800 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1,023 1,166 1,114 1,080 1,143 1,025 1,140 1,134 Nigeria R 5 0 0 0 4 0 3 2 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 11 16 22 26 89 28 83 81 74 88 62 26 10 12 46 415 460 795 336 531 518 553 725 656 620 481 484 449 450 627 459 345 Iraq R (s) 2 359 326 379 218 184 193 203 319 912 311 696 442 471 506 848 R R R R R R R 1,862 1,711 1,755 1,728 2,069 1,039 1,782 2,211 2,269 2,488 1,845 2,501 2,370 2,219 1,573 1,966 2,163 2,464 1,604 1,165 1,778 1,840 2,334 1,519 1,861 2,493 1,689 2,448 2,136 1,077 2,761 1,219 1,541 Gulf RE R Persian P On this table, "Total OPEC" for all years includes Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and the Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Neutral Zone (between Through 1970, includes half the imports from the Neutral Zone. Beginning in 1971, includes imports Through 1992, may include imports from republics other than Russia in the former U.S.S.R. See See "Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)" in Glossary. 4 3 5 1 2 able 5.4 Petroleum Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 abon; and beginning in 2007, also includes Angola. Data for all countries not included in "Total OPEC" eutral Zone (between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia); beginning in 1961, also includes Qatar; beginning in uwait and Saudi Arabia). rab Emirates; beginning in 1969, also includes Algeria; beginning in 1971, also includes Nigeria; for Year 986 965 983 988 992 976 969 006 971 009 985 967 960 993 972 977 011 001 974 005 981 003 991 984 002 998 994 968 995 982 997 008 979 007 970 010 004 966 973 975 000 987 996 990 978 re included in "Total Non-OPEC." 980 989 962, also includes Libya; for 1962–2008, also includes Indonesia; beginning in 1967, also includes United 007, on this table Ecuador is included in "Total Non-OPEC" for 2007); for 1975–1994, also includes 999 973–1992 and beginning in 2008, also includes Ecuador (although Ecuador rejoined OPEC in November U.S.S.R." in Glossary. rom the Neutral Zone that are reported to U.S. Customs as originating in Saudi Arabia. 1 G 1 a N 1 f " A K 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 T 1

148 2010 Motor Gasoline Fuel Oil Distillate 270 Coke Petroleum Other Products² 2000 38 1990 Special Naphthas 1980 Fuel Oil Residual 68 Lubricants 1970 97 1960 Jet Fuel 1950 0 Source: Table 5.5. 300 600 900 800 700 500 400 200 100 148 Thousand Barrels per Day LPG¹ By Selected Product, 1949-2011 2010 431 Fuel Oil Residual 2000 Crude Oil Products Total U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 479 Motor Gasoline 1980 other hydrocarbons and oxygenates, and miscel- kerosene, motor gasoline blending components, 492 Coke Petroleum 1970 1960 854 Fuel Oil Distillate 1950 0 0 500 Liquefied petroleum gases. 700 200 100 500 600 400 900 800 300 3,500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 ² Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, 1 Thousand Barrels per Day Thousand Barrels per Day laneous products. naphtha-type jet fuel, pentanes plus, waxes, Total, 1949-2011 128 By Product, 2011 Figure 5.5 Petroleum Exports by Type

149 129 l, d al in s, of annu 722 209 223 187 739 984 815 595 544 202 785 950 971 815 859 764 949 857 781 945 981 942 940 362 243 259 327 305 368 471 Total 2,924 1,040 1,003 1,027 1,003 1,317 1,001 1,802 1,165 1,433 1,048 2,024 2,353 R Petroleum 541 215 204 184 975 575 579 367 258 193 843 577 896 631 717 885 835 822 951 904 990 871 855 861 613 661 748 204 193 245 210 236 336 236 Total 2,877 1,021 1,405 1,133 1,014 1,292 1,773 1,980 2,311 R Petroleum Statement, Annua 5 Totals may not equal sum • Petroleum Supply Annual, 6 6 6 3 4 4 4 9 4 9 7 6 8 2 7 3 20 94 64 25 26 82 36 89 44 13 94 20 52 15 50 16 70 12 12 15 18 270 139 140 121 143 192 R Other Products 2 3 7 4 5 3 5 1 4 1 7 2 2 4 4 5 15 11 38 21 12 13 23 20 27 11 18 16 14 22 20 18 21 14 15 21 22 36 22 NA NA NA NA 1981-2010—EIA, Special • (February 2012). Naphthas 6 9 15 12 41 33 13 51 54 44 35 93 190 185 209 177 118 431 211 147 197 186 200 215 205 283 251 226 197 102 120 136 138 123 193 191 330 139 355 129 125 405 415 Fuel Oil Residual annual reports. 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21 30 22 20 24 26 29 24 26 23 26 22 20 19 23 10 31 Petroleum Supply Monthly 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an Feedstocks • Petrochemical See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, • • Includes exports to U.S. possessions and territories. • 2011—EIA, • 7 7 See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. 32 19 84 12 • 193 102 103 156 337 195 136 138 102 492 258 235 361 233 261 277 187 306 350 238 267 319 231 242 366 220 285 377 347 213 366 336 216 449 111 391 146 Coke R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 500 barrels per day. Notes: Web Pages: Sources: Petroleum annual data. components due to independent rounding. 1949. annual reports. Petroleum Statement, Annual, reports. 4 6 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 20 10 97 55 35 10 22 39 37 33 82 96 68 95 124 479 172 125 137 142 124 105 104 144 125 104 127 133 111 136 296 108 195 Petroleum Products Motor (s) Gasoline 33 15 45 16 16 26 25 68 16 37 34 40 23 41 18 28 26 15 20 59 60 19 31 25 19 43 25 23 26 55 26 22 62 19 23 26 39 35 39 27 44 57 23 Lubricants 8 4 4 73 65 67 21 48 25 26 49 58 50 38 56 41 44 50 42 43 40 43 57 42 35 38 62 51 56 49 74 53 67 18 21 42 12 27 20 15 148 132 100 Total U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3 8 6 9 31 30 43 55 13 13 32 25 37 28 24 38 45 28 28 31 24 42 37 28 53 33 31 48 24 33 26 53 28 85 10 18 10 124 109 NA NA NA NA NA Propane Liquefied Petroleum Gases 2 2 2 3 9 6 6 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 6 (s) (s) Jet ( ) ( ) 15 97 61 26 41 26 27 32 69 32 53 48 41 59 29 13 84 43 28 35 40 18 20 24 43 43 20 Fuel 1 1 2 3 3 1 5 3 27 10 67 51 69 64 66 35 74 97 67 34 112 854 234 107 124 587 215 152 109 138 119 100 219 110 268 274 656 162 215 173 183 528 190 Fuel Oil Distillate 8 8 6 9 3 1 47 29 95 89 27 27 20 14 99 91 98 44 42 32 50 32 95 50 12 25 155 158 235 151 287 116 110 228 236 109 164 108 181 142 204 154 118 110 Oil Crude P Asphalt and road oil, kerosene, motor gasoline blending components, pentanes plus, waxes, other Through 1952, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in the products from which it was blended: gasoline, Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes aviation gasoline. Includes propylene. Includes lease condensate. 4 1 5 2 3 able 5.5 Petroleum Exports by Type, Selected Years, 1949-2011 roducts." Beginning in 2005, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Products." Year 950 977 986 010 984 008 004 960 976 982 994 992 002 991 975 ydrocarbons and oxygenates, and miscellaneous products. Through 1964, also includes kerosene-type 988 979 005 989 970 983 011 007 997 978 996 999 955 009 987 006 001 965 981 995 000 998 003 985 949 990 993 980 erosene, and distillate fuel oil. Through 1964, kerosene-type jet fuel is included with kerosene in "Other (Thousand Barrels per Day) et fuel. Beginning in 1964, also includes aviation gasoline. Beginning in 2005, also includes naphtha-type et fuel. 1 1 1 2 h 1 j P j k 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 T 1

150 2010 Japan 15 Mexico Korea South 2005 Canada 2000 16 U.S. Virgin Puerto Rico Islands and 1995 1990 30 Netherlands Belgium 1985 34 1980 United Kingdom 1975 39 Italy 1970 1965 49 France 1960 0 200 300 600 400 100 500 Thousand Barrels per Day By Selected Country, 1960-2011 58 Spain 75 Japan Total Exports 160 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Brazil Exports to Canada and Mexico 249 Netherlands 295 Canada 569 Mexico 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 0 500 200 100 300 400 500 600 1,500 2,000 1,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 Source: Table 5.6. Thousand Barrels per Day Thousand Barrels per Day 130 Total Exports and Exports to Canada and Mexico, 1960-2011 By Selected Country, 2011 Figure 5.6 Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination

151 131 l, al s, annu 544 471 202 233 307 198 231 187 259 781 224 223 243 362 221 984 971 209 222 231 785 764 815 739 859 815 949 857 722 942 945 950 595 940 981 Total 1,802 2,024 2,924 1,040 1,048 1,317 1,003 1,165 1,433 1,001 1,003 1,027 2,353 R 45 70 54 55 49 52 59 65 67 71 59 42 56 39 48 39 40 97 777 960 193 354 449 340 312 408 543 277 202 179 226 629 249 222 240 317 182 330 338 370 165 315 317 318 421 276 1,335 1,117 Other R Petroleum Statement, Annua Petroleum Supply Annual, 2 1 2 7 1 3 2 3 6 3 4 4 9 4 8 9 13 20 16 11 10 22 10 10 11 18 86 12 10 95 72 17 170 220 162 141 147 144 136 113 123 117 152 104 108 212 101 220 U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico 7 7 9 7 9 6 7 9 9 9 8 9 8 6 5 9 6 9 17 33 34 13 12 62 12 14 12 12 13 13 21 12 28 10 12 14 14 10 10 13 14 11 11 12 14 14 10 19 R 1981-2010—EIA, • (February 2012). United Kingdom 9 8 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 54 40 58 42 28 48 51 39 35 28 40 34 42 42 54 31 36 24 30 26 30 38 23 29 21 30 34 18 33 39 36 Spain NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA annual reports. 2 2 18 23 15 27 24 11 14 50 15 17 16 25 12 21 12 16 20 66 60 17 10 28 10 80 57 60 66 33 49 74 13 Petroleum Supply Monthly R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA South Korea 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report • 1960-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, • 9 9 6 2011—EIA, • 23 28 36 45 58 25 83 49 23 39 42 81 36 44 26 41 10 10 13 11 54 22 17 15 18 85 72 23 42 37 30 33 33 52 12 13 45 43 15 17 38 131 192 249 165 R lands Nether- Sources: reports. annual reports. Petroleum Statement, Annual, 21 28 24 70 70 89 61 56 42 27 39 36 31 18 33 53 35 89 99 24 27 42 33 35 26 41 44 35 207 274 254 209 358 268 333 255 279 322 569 228 124 124 143 110 235 125 261 448 R Mexico 56 54 58 95 90 74 62 32 34 63 58 54 75 36 62 47 51 56 39 40 84 92 74 64 27 68 38 25 92 76 69 25 95 69 26 34 32 38 88 120 102 122 108 104 124 105 110 100 Japan 9 7 7 9 8 6 8 9 9 9 34 35 34 39 41 32 28 29 15 33 14 30 39 10 39 10 37 39 10 48 10 10 38 55 42 22 25 32 35 35 29 30 39 34 30 32 46 37 Italy U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 6 3 5 4 4 4 5 4 3 9 7 9 8 6 5 9 9 5 8 4 27 12 13 34 11 10 13 13 18 11 14 24 49 12 11 24 11 12 27 18 11 17 11 15 18 23 11 36 France 34 26 44 26 39 22 31 32 50 85 64 83 28 26 73 91 92 72 76 32 84 89 70 83 94 74 71 31 78 85 148 141 181 108 110 100 158 189 112 264 223 106 159 119 108 119 295 233 R Canada 8 9 4 6 7 4 7 3 6 3 9 2 6 3 2 8 3 8 1 7 5 8 1 7 2 9 4 28 18 23 54 29 15 26 46 27 42 13 27 27 16 16 20 15 55 39 160 123 R Brazil 1 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all data beginning in • 9 3 4 3 7 4 5 3 5 22 21 17 27 22 21 20 30 25 13 26 21 21 20 14 22 23 11 17 12 21 19 14 15 26 12 20 29 16 13 16 19 13 23 18 19 15 13 30 Belgium For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. • P Through 2004, includes Luxembourg. 1 Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Web Pages: able 5.6 Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Year 972 979 007 996 989 975 978 002 001 970 960. 988 995 009 977 971 980 993 991 994 987 981 008 969 992 005 973 965 986 010 976 000 974 966 982 997 004 999 985 968 990 003 983 006 960 011 967 984 998 (Thousand Barrels per Day) 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 T 1

152 2010 2010 2005 2005 Venezuela Saudi Arabia Canada and Mexico 2000 2000 1995 1995 Share of Consumption Share of Total Net Imports 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 1965 1965 1960 0 75 50 25 Source: Table 5.7. 1960 1 2 100 4 3 0 Million Barrels per Day Percent By Selected Country Net Imports From OPEC 2010 2010 Total 2005 2005 Non-OPEC OPEC 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 1995 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 1965 1965 1960 0 1960 2 0 4 8 6 25 50 75 12 14 10 100 Note: OPEC=Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Percent Million Barrels per Day 132 Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption Total, OPEC, and Non-OPEC Figure 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011

153 133 l, e ts in s, ts al m m 7 1 8.8 25.0 12.5 12.6 12.1 11.0 14.0 11.6 17.4 13.0 12.5 18.3 25.2 33.6 19.5 23.8 22.1 29.0 20.6 30.4 30.5 20.3 23.4 24.7 24.9 23.9 25.3 24.4 24.3 22.5 23.9 25.2 25.8 17.3 22.9 28.8 27.4 28.0 26.8 25.7 26.3 26.5 23.2 30.3 R Share of Consumption Net imports equ • 6 Data include any impor Petroleum Supply Annua • 50.7 76.4 63.0 40.9 49.7 42.7 52.0 45.1 45.2 42.5 43.2 72.3 61.6 55.2 70.5 71.4 57.3 53.3 71.8 67.5 61.4 51.7 52.2 48.4 49.6 61.3 52.6 49.8 55.8 50.5 49.6 58.7 59.8 50.0 49.3 43.5 49.4 49.7 47.0 45.8 53.1 44.4 50.5 44.2 R Percent Net Imports From OPEC Share of Total Net Imports 5 "Crude Petroleum and Petroleu Totals may not equal sum of componen 49.2 16.5 19.8 21.5 27.6 24.3 30.0 28.3 27.3 28.1 33.4 43.1 38.1 35.4 46.5 35.5 33.6 37.3 35.8 42.5 41.6 40.6 44.8 50.8 44.5 44.2 49.2 51.5 34.8 51.6 42.2 45.5 39.6 40.7 46.4 52.9 58.4 57.0 55.5 60.3 56.1 58.2 53.4 59.9 • R 1981-2010—EIA, Total Net Share of • Imports as (February 2012). Consumption Minerals Yearbook, Net Total 9,441 2,281 3,161 1,613 3,701 4,298 4,715 4,519 4,286 5,439 4,312 7,985 5,401 7,202 8,002 6,587 5,892 6,365 5,846 5,914 7,090 8,565 8,436 9,764 9,667 7,886 8,054 9,158 6,938 6,626 7,161 6,025 9,912 7,618 8,498 R 12,390 12,097 12,549 10,900 10,546 11,238 12,036 11,114 10,419 Imports annual reports. 4 843 381 Total 4,653 1,867 2,611 2,465 2,030 2,469 2,475 2,163 2,679 2,255 2,375 2,071 2,352 2,027 3,078 2,086 3,074 2,248 2,859 2,638 4,028 6,094 5,390 6,982 3,822 3,034 4,305 4,978 6,090 2,561 2,867 5,958 2,876 5,238 5,214 6,910 6,409 4,616 4,884 3,906 4,991 3,365 Petroleum Supply Monthly R Non-OPEC 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report • 45 34 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all data beginning • 236 270 152 154 114 365 178 184 428 256 560 353 488 436 475 169 484 117 158 212 171 175 284 262 336 153 213 246 257 426 307 298 318 279 317 321 180 305 170 224 268 297 2011—EIA, • R 1960-1975—Bureau of Mines, • U.S. Virgin Countries Islands and Puerto Rico The country of origin for refined petroleum products may not be the country of origin for th 1 • For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. • Nigeria joined OPEC in 1971. For 1960–1970, Nigeria is included in "Total Non-OPEC." Algeria joined OPEC in 1969. For 1960–1968, Algeria is included in "Total Non-OPEC." 1 7 1 6 -1 -1 19 -11 -12 9 8 Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Notes: Web Pages: 237 374 295 388 342 442 169 173 117 196 206 346 370 306 124 299 212 239 448 356 179 369 434 340 467 356 268 375 219 125 214 244 311 366 219 R Products" chapter. due to independent rounding. crude oil from which the refined products were produced. For example, refined products imported fro annual reports. P.A.D. Districts Supply/Demand, Annual, 1960. refineries in the Caribbean may have been produced from Middle East crude oil. imports minus exports. Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports. for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977. supplied (consumption). United Kingdom 9 -2 21 53 29 Selected Non-OPEC -20 -14 -27 -28 837 714 755 802 632 642 506 155 291 418 678 497 677 585 636 666 943 888 809 706 969 860 707 R 1,101 1,063 1,178 1,166 1,254 1,292 1,450 1,394 1,116 1,015 1,456 1,395 Mexico 86 736 297 547 696 471 721 397 571 446 347 359 438 831 916 358 765 839 824 963 843 2,302 1,082 1,038 2,411 1,864 1,717 1,932 1,294 1,444 1,980 1,330 1,451 1,109 2,001 1,697 2,194 1,005 1,421 2,257 2,266 1,194 1,260 2,229 R Canada 4 Thousand Barrels per Day Total 1,438 1,232 1,294 2,136 2,828 2,037 2,044 1,843 1,821 4,787 4,293 5,063 5,747 6,190 5,633 1,671 4,124 3,513 3,055 3,254 3,599 3,315 4,408 4,542 5,181 5,899 2,991 4,880 5,567 3,980 4,253 4,675 4,233 4,193 5,144 4,071 5,480 4,934 5,688 5,510 4,285 4,065 4,589 5,946 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 OPEC R 989 910 994 602 788 959 544 409 420 968 689 644 699 688 478 702 978 790 861 403 801 912 R 1,019 1,468 1,540 1,322 1,020 1,700 1,515 1,548 1,134 1,392 1,016 1,161 1,037 1,364 1,758 1,162 1,296 1,480 1,530 1,667 1,339 1,387 Venezuela Countries 1 3 30 84 158 324 685 189 128 167 551 336 485 461 714 751 1,096 1,354 1,229 1,379 1,142 1,259 1,536 1,003 1,796 1,483 1,407 1,362 1,224 1,128 1,557 1,491 1,529 1,402 1,774 1,462 1,662 1,478 1,413 1,720 1,571 1,343 1,064 1,339 1,551 1,193 Saudi R Arabia 9 9 9 102 251 512 293 299 215 440 857 919 459 762 713 626 800 620 616 693 798 693 680 703 736 866 896 637 535 982 618 655 620 884 815 802 Selected OPEC ( ) ( ) ( ) 1,006 1,143 1,025 1,080 1,165 1,133 1,139 1,111 Nigeria R 8 92 15 8 8 240 170 187 271 323 510 649 136 559 636 190 282 432 488 219 657 478 278 295 243 196 285 490 663 311 290 234 259 264 548 225 256 253 452 280 381 269 300 354 () () R Algeria 2 439 502 309 909 692 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,747 1,773 2,368 1,215 2,483 1,858 1,529 2,132 2,330 2,265 1,678 1,596 1,833 2,497 1,962 2,758 2,159 1,563 1,723 2,489 1,074 1,774 2,208 2,459 1,843 1,705 Gulf R Persian P Calculated by dividing total net petroleum imports by total U.S. petroleum products supplied Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Neutral Zone Through 1970, includes half the imports from the Neutral Zone. Beginning in 1971, includes imports On this table, "Total OPEC" for all years includes Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and the See "Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)" in Glossary. Calculated by dividing net petroleum imports from OPEC countries by total net petroleum imports. Calculated by dividing net petroleum imports from OPEC countries by total U.S. petroleum product 4 5 3 6 2 1 7 able 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 abon; and beginning in 2007, also includes Angola. Data for all countries not included in "Total OPEC" eutral Zone (between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia); beginning in 1961, also includes Qatar; beginning in rab Emirates; beginning in 1969, also includes Algeria; beginning in 1971, also includes Nigeria; for Year 978 970 011 010 007 989 984 009 990 006 987 979 991 973 986 997 002 004 983 996 982 960 993 971 976 965 998 001 999 005 003 985 000 972 962, also includes Libya; for 1962–2008, also includes Indonesia; beginning in 1967, also includes United 975 992 977 973–1992 and beginning in 2008, also includes Ecuador (although Ecuador rejoined OPEC in November 994 007, on this table Ecuador is included in "Total Non-OPEC" for 2007); for 1975–1994, also includes 981 008 980 re included in "Total Non-OPEC." 974 988 995 between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia). consumption). rom the Neutral Zone that are reported to U.S. Customs as originating in Saudi Arabia. 2 1 A 1 1 N ( 2 f a ( 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 G 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 T 2

154 2010 Jet Fuel 2000 Distillate Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Oil Motor Gasoline 1990 1980 1970 1960 1950 0 4 8 12 16 Source: Table 5.8. Million Barrels per Day Refinery and Blender Net Production of Selected Products 2010 1 Crude Oil 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1980 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Other Liquids 1970 1960 1950 0 4 8 12 16 See Table 5.8, footnote 4. 1 Million Barrels per Day Refinery and Blender Net Inputs 134 Figure 5.8 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs and Net Production, 1949-2011

155 135 l, d al in s, al 2 -2 34 annu 146 220 359 508 496 597 524 527 683 886 994 837 772 993 989 460 850 715 979 774 768 996 886 531 477 974 639 766 661 948 488 553 557 903 616 957 655 Gain 1,051 1,085 1,068 R Processing Total 7,891 8,729 9,970 5,587 6,019 15,763 12,113 14,622 15,966 13,990 15,874 17,975 15,175 17,243 13,685 15,787 14,522 14,677 15,256 17,285 15,022 16,989 13,750 16,324 17,800 17,273 15,791 17,882 15,994 15,398 18,146 14,626 13,679 13,138 17,814 17,994 17,487 15,272 17,030 13,391 16,759 18,643 18,452 R 7 Petroleum Statement, Annua Petroleum Supply Annual, 827 518 876 616 764 771 729 778 801 793 993 764 790 839 838 818 886 752 664 791 780 835 796 761 778 608 743 752 776 784 836 811 755 758 631 492 425 647 1,215 1,114 1,296 1,078 1,186 Other Products 483 354 319 395 697 653 664 584 565 684 643 670 651 659 581 523 550 673 641 656 654 656 554 704 647 661 598 709 603 657 681 572 541 670 559 702 670 659 667 678 229 226 672 Still R Gas 1981-2010—EIA, • (February 2012). 706 908 736 885 726 835 708 892 673 934 762 950 698 954 926 696 598 788 620 721 889 882 601 628 655 852 891 660 826 635 538 585 2 R 1,152 1,667 1,754 1,321 1,070 1,377 1,235 1,580 1,687 1,165 1,164 Fuel Oil Residual annual reports. 78 46 47 370 236 354 369 296 369 356 164 410 390 689 596 542 544 727 630 622 848 799 818 512 767 664 619 823 506 455 781 568 712 552 439 798 713 376 835 420 836 842 812 Coke Petroleum Petroleum Supply Monthly 6 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, • • 7,167 6,838 6,400 4,507 6,336 6,492 3,648 5,699 7,031 6,518 4,126 7,951 6,963 6,338 8,318 8,194 6,959 7,304 7,743 6,419 8,786 8,548 7,181 7,058 8,183 6,453 6,841 8,265 8,358 7,892 6,975 8,022 6,956 7,565 8,364 7,934 6,837 7,459 6,752 9,035 2,572 2,735 9,059 Motor R 2011—EIA, Gasoline • See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. • Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Web Pages: 64 80 Refinery and Blender Net Production 293 212 311 330 352 315 355 340 345 270 119 417 645 328 611 499 630 363 684 627 607 340 655 623 499 671 662 667 654 536 573 592 705 691 449 658 674 554 391 620 659 also includes kerosene-type jet fuel. Beginning in 1964, also includes aviation gasoline and speci annual reports. naphthas. Beginning in 2005, also includes naphtha-type jet fuel. Petroleum Statement, Annual, 1949. reports. annual data. R Gases Liquefied Petroleum 5 5 5 978 827 155 999 918 973 241 871 970 968 523 Jet ( ) ( ) 1,343 1,488 1,022 1,012 1,438 1,565 1,530 1,481 1,396 1,546 1,448 1,488 1,448 1,422 1,526 1,132 1,606 1,554 1,514 1,416 1,189 1,399 1,403 1,493 1,370 1,547 1,515 1,293 1,449 1,418 Fuel 934 1,823 2,974 2,686 3,592 3,392 3,424 3,132 2,796 3,954 2,606 2,924 4,294 3,814 3,580 3,695 3,707 2,962 2,729 2,096 3,277 2,661 2,899 3,152 3,205 4,048 1,651 2,680 4,133 3,167 2,653 2,925 4,040 2,454 3,399 3,316 3,155 2,857 1,093 2,456 2,613 4,487 4,223 R Fuel Oil Distillate U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 286 467 401 506 492 393 391 459 359 410 451 408 431 434 485 451 496 410 155 340 386 485 443 467 428 525 419 372 512 179 357 424 508 498 505 251 430 482 329 456 449 364 378 and Asphalt Road Oil Total 8,583 5,588 6,018 9,750 7,857 17,153 12,861 14,513 15,470 16,811 12,650 14,626 16,295 16,981 11,754 15,236 14,541 15,021 14,367 16,103 15,220 13,126 15,909 16,999 13,482 16,513 16,382 14,589 16,144 13,987 14,025 13,225 15,023 16,762 13,906 15,349 14,200 16,904 15,487 13,192 16,316 17,559 17,385 1 R 4 88 74 72 81 92 59 61 28 78 32 19 775 581 610 681 849 121 711 613 866 667 713 941 927 488 791 768 853 572 825 505 832 843 745 691 917 1,149 1,337 2,019 2,082 1,238 2,237 2,219 Other R Liquids 345 511 639 429 491 422 403 259 479 485 460 416 710 499 429 234 509 515 763 505 510 673 441 471 380 372 419 465 466 455 450 524 462 725 469 472 500 467 618 501 485 489 442 R Plant Liquids Natural Gas Refinery and Blender Net Inputs 3 Oil 5,739 7,480 8,067 5,327 9,043 Crude 13,409 11,774 12,470 14,662 14,648 13,481 13,613 11,685 15,475 15,220 14,889 14,739 13,411 15,242 13,301 13,973 14,648 14,804 14,195 12,044 10,870 15,304 15,067 13,401 13,246 14,602 15,156 13,866 12,002 12,442 15,128 12,854 13,416 14,336 12,716 14,947 14,724 14,833 R P Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes aviation gasoline and special naphthas. Kerosene, lubricants, petrochemical feedstocks, waxes, and miscellaneous products. Through 1964, Unfinished oils (net), other hydrocarbons, and hydrogen. Beginning in 1981, also includes aviation Through 1951, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in the products from which it was blended: in 1952, 71 See "Refinery and Blender Net Inputs" in Glossary. Includes lease condensate. See "Refinery and Blender Net Production" in Glossary. 6 7 5 3 2 4 1 able 5.8 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs and Net Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 eginning in 1993, also includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Year 985 995 994 989 949 003 000 997 970 983 950 979 990 006 984 965 993 955 999 002 011 987 981 008 986 001 991 980 975 ercent gasoline, 17 percent kerosene, and 12 percent distillate fuel oil. Through 1964, kerosene-type jet 960 982 992 978 010 998 004 009 nd motor gasoline blending components (net). Beginning in 1993, also includes oxygenates (net). 976 005 977 996 007 988 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Other Products." uel is included with kerosene in "Other Products." Beginning in 2005, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in 1 p 1 f a " 2 1 2 B 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 T 2

156 2010 2000 2005 1990 1980 1995 1970 1960 1985 1950 0 80 40 20 60 Unused Capacity Source: Table 5.9. 100 Capacity¹ Percent Utilization Gross Input to Distillation Units 1975 2010 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1965 1980 1970 1955 1960 1950 0 5 0 20 15 10 300 200 400 100 ¹ Operable refineries capacity on January 1. Million Barrels per Day Total Units Number of Operable Refineries 136 Capacity Figure 5.9 Refinery Capacity and Utilization, 1949-2011

157 137 d g ), s; al le m annu Petroleu 4 (June 2011), Tab 86.4 84.4 86.3 86.2 92.0 82.9 84.4 71.7 93.0 94.1 88.5 92.6 87.4 91.5 69.9 76.2 85.3 89.6 90.7 77.6 95.2 89.7 87.8 92.6 75.4 86.0 92.6 87.9 82.9 85.5 83.1 90.6 87.1 92.6 92.6 92.6 68.6 95.6 89.2 92.5 85.1 91.8 92.2 R R R Percent Utilization Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA Petroleum Refineries, Annual, 2006-2010—EIA, PSA, annual report • Refinery Capacity Report "Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products" an 3 1981-2005—EIA, • 2011—EIA, • 5,980 9,557 8,439 7,820 5,556 15,177 15,283 15,180 14,119 15,508 14,982 13,447 13,003 11,517 13,600 13,851 12,216 15,071 13,551 14,838 15,299 15,113 15,783 12,902 13,610 15,080 11,947 13,508 14,659 15,578 12,826 13,796 15,352 14,032 15,027 13,884 14,337 12,172 12,752 14,955 15,450 15,602 12,165 Minerals Yearbook, R Gross Input annual reports. (January-December 2011 issues), Table 30. to Distillation Units annual reports. Thousand Barrels per Day 1949-1977—Bureau of Mines, Information Circular, "Petroleum Refineries, Includin • 1978-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, • 2 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. Petroleum Supply Monthly • Refinery Capacity Report, Sources: 1; and Cracking Plants in the United States"; Refineries in the United States, and reports. annual reports; and Form EIA-810, "Monthly Refinery Report." "Natural Gas Liquids" chapters; and Mineral Industry Surveys, 1949. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 17,575 17,726 15,701 15,671 16,035 15,927 16,582 18,603 16,974 15,802 16,525 15,459 15,594 15,642 15,460 16,744 15,143 17,432 16,748 15,239 17,607 15,623 17,385 16,668 17,196 15,346 15,150 17,678 15,707 16,282 17,450 R Annual Average Operable Refineries Capacity Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day 6,231 6,223 8,386 9,843 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 17,736 16,785 15,034 16,137 15,676 16,398 15,434 17,048 15,572 17,584 15,333 17,988 15,452 15,655 15,711 15,915 16,261 15,566 16,512 16,595 15,459 15,696 15,659 16,757 10,420 15,121 16,894 12,021 17,125 16,859 17,339 17,890 14,961 17,443 18,621 17,594 15,237 17,672 17,441 On January 1 1 148 309 153 164 187 223 293 149 199 204 163 149 296 247 276 336 148 202 213 258 149 159 279 170 301 320 149 179 158 276 150 205 324 219 150 296 155 319 282 148 175 308 216 Number Operable Refineries See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all data beginning in • P Through 1956, includes only those refineries in operation on January 1; beginning in 1957, includes all Through 1980, utilization is calculated by dividing gross input to distillation units by one-half of the sum Average of monthly capacity data. See Note 3, "Gross Input to Distillation Units," at end of section. 2 3 4 1 Web Pages: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. able 5.9 Refinery Capacity and Utilization, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 976 989 003 008 955 000 985 981 949 977 009 998 970 004 990 980 987 010 995 984 960 001 005 979 992 997 996 011 950 983 975 006 978 986 999 002 993 tilization is calculated by dividing gross input to distillation units by the annual average capacity. 991 965 007 988 994 982 f the current year’s January 1 capacity and the following year’s January 1 capacity. Beginning in 1981, operable" refineries on January 1. See "Operable Refineries" in Glossary. 2 o " 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 u 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 2

158 2010 152 Butane Normal Ethane Propane Pentanes Plus Normal Butane 2005 208 Isobutane 2000 Isobutane Plus 295 Pentanes 1995 618 Propane 1990 909 1985 Ethane 0 400 200 800 600 1,000 1980 Thousand Barrels per Day By Product, 2011 1975 2010 2000 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1965 1980 1960 1970 1955 1960 1950 1950 0 0 900 600 300 500 1,200 2,000 2,500 1,000 1,500 Source: Table 5.10. Thousand Barrels per Day Thousand Barrels per Day By Selected Product, 1949-2011 138 Total, 1949-2011 Figure 5.10 Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production

159 139 l, t, in ta m 499 771 929 430 Total 1,633 1,660 1,618 1,604 1,567 1,630 1,911 1,697 1,830 1,659 1,584 1,784 1,573 1,868 1,559 1,546 1,880 1,759 1,762 1,817 1,625 1,719 1,910 1,595 1,551 1,809 1,609 1,727 1,717 1,850 1,736 1,609 1,559 1,210 1,739 1,550 1,783 2,183 2,074 R Petroleum Statemen Petroleum Supply Annua "Crude Petroleum and Petroleu 4 540 399 409 403 292 382 333 309 266 300 336 238 332 263 309 233 434 326 303 324 282 223 302 275 334 264 309 318 263 334 345 291 277 342 271 307 269 306 335 282 313 295 277 R Plus Pentanes 1981-2010—EIA, • (February 2012). Minerals Yearbook, annual reports. 155 195 390 549 734 Total 1,217 1,195 1,214 1,334 1,182 1,095 1,336 1,562 1,250 1,428 1,581 1,547 1,237 1,499 1,400 1,639 1,319 1,444 1,494 1,216 1,300 1,532 1,277 1,402 1,313 1,451 1,605 1,476 1,365 1,205 1,314 1,258 1,450 1,520 1,520 1,256 1,888 1,797 R Petroleum Supply Monthly 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Da • 1969-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all data beginning • 2011—EIA, 2,3 • 1949-1968—Bureau of Mines, • 74 491 552 527 561 513 521 538 494 390 519 487 501 519 471 539 510 507 474 499 549 101 512 506 513 513 521 506 205 291 499 519 525 528 529 508 546 503 541 526 500 618 586 R Petroleum Statement, Annual, annual reports. For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. • Propane Web Pages: Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Sources: annual reports. 1949. Annual, Reports, Products" chapter. 3 61 69 210 203 237 223 227 248 157 157 167 212 129 131 224 149 134 148 160 136 144 120 142 171 136 150 210 204 151 185 152 133 151 155 217 137 128 161 150 136 134 152 155 R Normal Butane Liquefied Petroleum Gases 99 75 82 81 90 84 30 13 11 67 45 128 141 144 104 195 192 189 198 187 185 173 169 201 151 109 191 149 183 188 192 168 168 188 127 163 105 181 100 176 117 208 187 R U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Isobutane 2 8 92 12 34 51 499 485 337 501 365 505 397 406 607 649 686 717 675 676 556 573 627 637 625 559 709 466 541 701 530 477 769 700 692 396 400 201 426 493 397 456 909 869 R Ethane 1 4 3 4 7 6 4 4 5 25 66 14 11 26 68 12 41 23 53 47 18 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Finished Petroleum Products P Through 1983, "Pentanes Plus" was reported separately as natural gasoline, isopentane, and plant Reported production of butane-propane mixtures has been allocated 60 percent butane and 40 Reported production of ethane-propane mixtures has been allocated 70 percent ethane and 30 Motor gasoline, aviation gasoline, special naphthas, distillate fuel oil, and miscellaneous products. 3 1 4 2 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. able 5.10 Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 999 960 989 981 986 002 977 009 988 965 991 980 995 984 970 979 997 010 003 992 949 007 001 004 978 985 ercent propane. 993 987 950 983 996 976 ercent propane. 011 990 998 994 982 955 000 975 008 006 005 ondensate. (Thousand Barrels per Day) 1 p 2 1 1 p 1 1 2 c 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 T 1

160 2010 2010 LPG¹ 2000 2005 Motor Gasoline Jet Fuel Distillate Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Oil 1990 2000 1980 1995 1970 1990 1960 1985 1950 0 Source: 5.11. 50 20 30 10 40 Percent 1980 1949-2011 Motor Gasoline’s Share of Total Petroleum Products Supplied, 1.8 1975 Other² 0.4 Coke 1970 Petroleum ry gas), waxes, miscellaneous U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 0.5 Fuel Oil Residual 1965 sene, lubricants, naphtha-type jet fuel, pentanes Jet 1.4 Fuel 1960 2.2 LPG¹ special naphthas, still gas (refine 3.8 1955 Fuel Oil Distillate 8.7 Motor Gasoline 1950 2 6 0 4 8 2 4 8 6 0 Liquefied petroleum gases. Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kero 10 10 2 1 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day plus, petrochemical feedstocks, products, and crude oil burned as fuel. By Selected Product, 1949-2011 140 By Product, 2011 Figure 5.11 Petroleum Products Supplied by Type

161 141 l, d d e ls al in s, 2, 6 annu Tota • .9 .1 .6 -.4 -.3 -.5 -.6 2.3 3.5 5.3 9.0 4.2 3.1 4.0 4.0 2.2 2.4 7.3 2.8 3.5 1.6 1.4 3.6 3.2 1.4 3.8 1.2 2.2 – – -6.1 -1.8 -2.0 -4.7 -7.6 -1.9 -1.6 -4.0 -5.5 -1.8 (s) (s) (s) R 12.1 See Note Percentage • Change From Previous Year Total 5,763 6,458 8,455 9,797 15,231 18,513 17,056 16,322 15,726 16,058 18,847 15,296 18,431 15,726 11,512 16,281 16,665 16,988 16,714 17,718 14,697 17,033 17,461 17,325 17,237 17,283 19,498 19,761 19,649 18,309 20,034 20,687 18,620 18,917 19,701 18,771 20,802 20,680 17,725 20,731 19,519 18,835 19,180 Petroleum Statement, Annua R Petroleum Supply Annual, 5 973 250 243 366 435 657 866 1,294 1,032 1,120 1,042 1,391 1,001 1,581 1,176 1,546 1,373 1,284 1,373 1,454 1,286 1,299 1,434 1,105 1,145 1,176 1,408 1,593 1,579 1,381 1,640 1,474 1,605 1,518 1,657 1,532 1,458 1,605 1,251 1,508 1,481 1,300 1,343 Other R 1981-2010—EIA, 887 511 797 865 920 689 811 622 772 848 830 909 700 852 723 480 535 • (February 2012). R 1,202 2,088 1,716 2,462 3,071 2,826 1,421 1,369 3,023 2,508 1,359 1,517 1,526 1,608 1,529 1,229 1,021 1,370 2,204 1,264 1,094 1,418 2,801 1,158 1,378 1,080 Fuel Oil Residual 40 41 67 247 247 248 246 268 252 256 264 229 237 149 202 212 464 243 339 515 382 463 268 406 427 377 379 361 366 437 522 365 477 328 447 490 299 307 312 455 524 367 376 Coke annual reports. Petroleum 4 Petroleum Supply Monthly 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report 7,412 6,539 6,831 7,177 6,588 6,693 7,034 6,675 6,622 6,579 2,410 2,616 4,593 3,969 3,463 8,848 8,989 9,253 7,336 5,785 7,476 9,105 7,891 7,328 8,253 8,431 7,789 7,206 8,935 8,472 7,034 7,268 8,017 7,235 9,159 8,610 7,601 9,286 7,188 6,978 8,997 8,736 8,993 Motor • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an R • Gasoline See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, • • For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of petroleum consumption. Se • 2011—EIA, • See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. 91 • 180 160 153 140 172 156 146 145 137 159 106 116 117 129 161 164 137 141 152 166 141 136 152 118 151 151 155 131 156 169 168 153 142 142 149 159 159 140 146 160 124 131 R R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. (s)=Less than 0.05 percent an Sources: Notes: Web Pages: Lubricants may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. "Changes Affecting Petroleum Production and Product Supplied Statistics," at end of section. greater than -0.05 percent. Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end of section. annual data. Petroleum Statement, Annual, 1949. annual reports. reports. 187 234 404 621 841 Total 1,333 1,499 1,466 1,422 1,599 1,592 1,469 1,572 1,509 1,413 1,224 1,556 2,163 2,231 1,899 1,954 1,689 1,668 1,880 1,404 2,074 1,656 2,085 2,195 2,038 2,132 1,612 2,052 1,734 1,755 1,512 2,012 2,044 1,952 2,030 2,051 2,171 2,173 R 3 883 849 833 778 751 754 821 798 783 773 776 830 923 990 917 982 831 924 NA NA NA NA NA 1,215 1,170 1,006 1,229 1,082 1,248 1,136 1,032 1,276 1,246 1,154 1,160 1,235 1,215 1,235 1,096 1,142 1,120 1,138 1,160 R Propane Liquefied Petroleum Gases 54 78 67 18 49 43 14 43 46 84 32 96 62 64 50 72 95 66 55 54 41 70 73 98 12 20 188 175 159 115 127 158 114 175 129 127 281 323 320 271 267 263 169 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Kerosene 2 2 2 371 602 154 987 967 ( ) ( ) 1,001 1,393 1,514 1,068 1,007 1,539 1,013 1,622 1,725 1,622 1,527 1,599 1,046 1,175 1,469 1,633 1,218 1,039 1,655 1,679 1,057 1,673 1,454 1,385 1,630 1,449 1,489 1,578 1,614 1,471 1,076 1,522 1,578 1,307 1,425 1,432 R Jet Fuel 1 902 1,872 2,126 1,592 1,082 3,122 3,133 2,921 4,058 2,540 3,352 3,927 2,979 2,976 3,776 2,851 3,157 3,432 4,118 3,041 3,847 2,914 3,572 3,311 2,868 3,365 3,631 3,435 4,169 2,866 3,207 2,829 2,845 3,945 3,722 3,461 2,690 3,162 2,671 4,196 3,021 3,849 3,800 R Distillate Fuel Oil 19 15 24 39 21 26 31 24 20 17 35 18 14 19 20 27 16 19 38 32 55 15 25 21 21 25 39 18 21 27 38 22 17 93 37 22 26 23 15 161 120 108 192 Aviation Gasoline 360 503 408 519 467 512 486 494 476 546 521 302 362 505 521 373 453 157 525 479 448 342 474 254 436 417 444 537 425 411 180 484 484 342 447 547 468 483 396 419 368 454 355 Road Oil Asphalt and P Through 1951, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in the products from which it was blended: in 1952, 71 Pentanes plus, petrochemical feedstocks, still gas (refinery gas), waxes, and miscellaneous products. Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1993, also Beginning in 2009, includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. Percent change from previous year calculated from data in thousand barrels per year. Includes propylene. 2 1 4 5 6 3 able 5.11 Petroleum Products Supplied by Type, Selected Years, 1949-2011 eginning in 1964, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1981, also includes negative barrels per Year 981 977 984 982 002 994 004 976 007 009 996 965 011 003 995 986 980 950 993 983 975 000 001 979 960 988 970 990 006 010 949 955 997 ercent gasoline, 17 percent kerosene, and 12 percent distillate fuel oil. Beginning in 1952, includes 008 aphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 1957, also includes kerosene-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, 998 aphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other." 991 985 987 978 999 nd secondary supply) reclassified as gasoline blending components. Beginning in 1983, also includes 989 005 ay of distillate and residual fuel oil reclassified as unfinished oils, and other products (from both primary 992 rude oil burned as fuel. Beginning in 2005, also includes naphtha-type jet fuel. (Thousand Barrels per Day) ncludes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. 1 c a i n n p 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 B 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 d 1 T 1

162 2010 2010 Jet Fuel Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline 2000 Distillate Fuel Oil 2000 Total Petroleum Residual Fuel Oil 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 5 0 15 20 10 10 20 30 40 50 By Selected Product, 1949-2011 Sources: Tables 1.3 and 5.12. Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu Total Petroleum and Motor Gasoline Product Supplied, 1949-2011 2010 3.8 Other² 2000 0.9 and Asphalt Road Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1.1 Fuel Oil Residual still gas (refinery gas), waxes, miscellaneous ha-type jet fuel, pentanes plus, petrochemical 2.8 1980 LPG¹ Jet 2.9 Fuel 1970 8.2 Fuel Oil Distillate 1960 16.6 Motor Gasoline 1950 0 0 5 40 60 20 20 10 15 Liquefied petroleum gases. Aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, napht 2 1 Percent Quadrillion Btu feedstocks, petroleum coke, special naphthas, products, and crude burned as fuel. 142 By Product, 2011 Petroleum Products Supplied as Share of Total Energy Consumption, 1949-2011 Figure 5.12 Heat Content of Petroleum Products Supplied

163 143 d d e r ls in 2, .9 .3 .2 Tota -.4 -.6 -.2 -.3 -.8 -.2 • 4.1 1.8 1.4 2.1 7.5 5.5 4.1 2.4 3.5 3.3 4.2 2.3 2.1 1.2 4.2 8.9 3.1 2.8 1.7 3.9 2.1 – – -2.2 -1.9 -5.3 -2.1 -4.7 -2.2 -6.6 -7.9 -1.9 -5.6 (s) 12.1 Percentage See Note Change From • Previous Yea Total 37,963 31,932 33,552 37,124 31,053 38,402 34,205 35,178 33,525 34,209 32,198 30,052 32,732 36,321 34,223 36,265 33,842 34,556 29,521 35,759 36,934 37,122 32,846 38,333 30,232 34,670 30,925 32,864 23,246 19,919 17,255 36,376 40,358 39,051 37,960 40,593 38,101 40,732 38,400 40,420 11,883 13,315 37,082 R 5 798 947 530 546 3,056 2,152 2,446 2,839 2,439 2,682 2,988 3,093 2,319 2,656 3,278 3,217 2,685 2,837 1,817 2,928 2,202 2,822 3,298 2,611 3,121 2,724 2,951 2,979 2,030 2,413 2,315 2,109 1,390 2,712 2,941 3,318 3,416 3,129 3,264 3,313 3,428 3,040 2,800 Other R 1,828 1,952 3,255 6,445 5,649 3,170 6,485 1,173 5,057 1,861 2,657 2,518 2,759 7,047 2,479 5,772 1,955 4,791 2,901 3,939 3,151 2,342 2,091 3,144 2,036 6,936 3,260 2,820 3,517 3,502 3,691 1,102 1,581 1,772 1,432 1,659 2,111 1,905 1,605 1,990 3,482 3,118 1,228 R Fuel Oil Residual 90 87 938 582 802 961 589 465 545 745 541 545 676 843 537 562 722 829 657 590 793 804 503 982 553 895 522 542 837 687 444 147 328 807 826 Coke 1,018 1,148 1,000 1,048 1,022 1,077 1,156 1,133 Petroleum 4 7,631 8,806 6,640 5,015 4,621 Motor 13,760 13,487 13,872 12,798 12,538 17,444 14,335 13,487 17,622 15,254 16,981 13,415 17,689 17,135 13,781 17,168 13,098 15,064 12,867 11,091 12,697 16,036 14,825 16,373 13,973 12,631 14,511 16,819 14,105 17,379 14,050 14,211 16,155 13,816 12,648 15,701 16,639 17,127 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an R Gasoline • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning • For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of petroleum consumption. Se • See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. 309 291 338 371 324 322 335 354 334 380 354 313 362 312 309 352 313 397 303 304 262 315 337 369 346 301 338 330 352 356 343 324 354 339 375 346 258 259 286 275 201 236 291 • R Lubricants R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. (s)=Less than 0.05 percent an Notes: Web Pages: Sources: Tables 5.11, A1, and A3. crude oil burned as fuel. Beginning in 2005, also includes naphtha-type jet fuel. greater than -0.05 percent. annual data. may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end of section. "Changes Affecting Petroleum Production and Product Supplied Statistics," at end of section. 1949. 592 912 274 343 Total 2,103 2,152 2,574 2,697 2,733 1,689 2,243 2,010 2,228 2,071 2,494 2,660 2,824 1,990 2,213 2,664 2,282 2,690 2,897 2,512 2,059 2,682 1,978 1,907 2,575 1,949 2,138 2,748 1,908 2,328 2,700 2,945 1,892 1,976 2,852 1,807 1,232 2,796 2,821 R 3 NA NA NA NA NA 1,409 1,734 1,089 1,189 1,449 1,701 1,620 1,747 1,059 1,150 1,082 1,117 1,166 1,284 1,721 1,745 1,534 1,624 1,638 1,729 1,051 1,594 1,598 1,097 1,170 1,791 1,296 1,387 1,086 1,568 1,294 1,163 1,236 1,701 1,515 1,374 1,594 1,624 R Propane Liquefied Petroleum Gases 36 30 86 96 88 67 90 25 41 329 101 544 162 563 329 103 112 151 351 662 363 363 200 140 389 553 111 196 263 266 144 263 128 150 239 133 174 236 113 203 136 582 668 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Kerosene 2 2 2 301 739 ( ) ( ) 3,025 3,357 3,274 3,383 3,154 3,379 3,132 3,028 2,414 2,062 2,141 3,462 3,475 3,001 1,215 1,973 2,190 3,308 3,580 2,072 3,129 2,047 2,026 3,426 2,883 3,059 2,982 2,126 3,193 3,340 2,843 2,164 2,204 3,358 3,265 2,682 2,497 2,950 2,963 R Jet Fuel 1 6,679 6,466 8,179 3,992 6,723 7,720 4,519 6,712 7,126 1,918 6,655 6,351 7,359 8,028 5,401 8,411 7,296 3,385 6,328 5,720 7,039 6,818 7,935 8,921 8,349 8,755 2,300 6,196 6,110 6,210 6,098 5,679 6,014 6,061 7,595 8,652 7,304 8,864 7,175 6,065 6,422 8,184 8,080 R Distillate Fuel Oil 71 48 30 27 70 40 38 59 32 64 37 45 71 50 38 34 67 36 31 49 40 28 33 35 39 44 47 56 46 41 70 48 42 35 35 27 27 100 354 172 199 298 222 Aviation Gasoline 380 992 904 829 873 615 734 828 998 890 962 435 878 860 R 1,130 1,012 1,136 1,240 1,160 1,176 1,224 1,173 1,056 1,323 1,029 1,261 1,257 1,197 1,086 1,149 1,170 1,220 1,014 1,324 1,304 1,263 1,153 1,077 1,102 1,276 1,082 1,178 1,096 Road Oil Asphalt and P Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1993, also Pentanes plus, petrochemical feedstocks, still gas (refinery gas), waxes, and miscellaneous products. Through 1951, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in the products from which it was blended: in 1952, 71 Includes propylene. Beginning in 2009, includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. 1 3 5 2 4 able 5.12 Heat Content of Petroleum Products Supplied, Selected Years, 1949-2011 eginning in 1964, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1981, also includes negative barrels per Year 976 979 982 998 991 995 950 010 008 986 988 985 949 002 000 975 005 007 992 978 984 970 aphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other." 004 aphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 1957, also includes kerosene-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, 997 989 965 ercent gasoline, 17 percent kerosene, and 12 percent distillate fuel oil. Beginning in 1952, includes 993 003 977 nd secondary supply) reclassified as gasoline blending components. Beginning in 1983, also includes 011 ay of distillate and residual fuel oil reclassified as unfinished oils, and other products (from both primary 009 980 006 999 983 960 990 981 001 987 996 955 994 (Trillion Btu) ncludes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. 2 1 2 p 1 n 1 n 1 2 1 2 1 i 1 1 2 B 1 d 2 a 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 T 1

164 2010 1 Power² Electric 3 Electric Power² Transportation 2005 Industrial¹ 70 54 Transportation 2000 24 28 Industrial¹ 1995 Residential and Commercial¹ 2 1990 6 Commercial¹ 2011 4 1985 1949 10 Residential 0 50 75 25 Note: See related Figure 5.13b. Sources: Tables 5.13a–5.13d. Percent 1980 Sector Shares, 1949 and 2011 1975 0.1 Power² Electric 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 13.2 Transportation 1965 4.5 Industrial¹ 1960 0.4 Commercial¹ 1955 0.7 Residential 1950 0 5 5 0 15 10 Includes combined-heat-and-power plants and a small number of electricity-only plants. Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power plants whose primary business is to sell 15 10 2 1 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. By Sector, 1949-2011 144 By Sector, 2011 Figure 5.13a Petroleum Consumption Estimates by Sector

165 145 2010 2010 LPG² 2000 Petroleum 2000 Petroleum Coke Distillate Fuel Oil 1990 1990 1980 1980 Asphalt and Road Oil 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 Sources: Tables 5.13a–5.13d. Note: See related Figure 5.13a. 1.5 1.0 0.5 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 2.0 2.0 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day Industrial¹ Sector, Selected Products Electric Power Sector³ 2010 2010 Jet Fuel Motor Gasoline LPG² 2000 2000 Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil 1990 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 s whose primary business is to sell elec- Residual FuelOil 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 Includes combined-heat-and-power plants and a small number of electricity-only plants. Liquefied petroleum gases. Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power plant 3 0 6 9 2 3 1 0.5 1.5 0.0 1.0 12 Million Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day tricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Transportation Sector, Selected Products Residential and Commercial¹ Sectors, Selected Products Figure 5.13b Petroleum Consumption Estimates by Product by Sector, 1949-2011

166 d n ), al in s, 358 626 537 519 764 672 411 653 499 655 593 566 346 722 748 554 590 540 721 573 530 428 406 366 345 376 416 489 415 397 357 407 343 385 337 410 389 378 358 443 357 463 514 R Total 34 99 91 40 32 53 30 35 32 48 62 75 33 48 75 50 60 33 33 37 82 32 99 92 R 256 245 209 220 126 153 174 247 185 115 214 114 232 182 281 115 311 243 100 Totals may not equ • Total 1949-1959—Bureau of Mine (April 2012), Table 3.7a. 2 • 33 99 91 38 51 34 28 30 31 46 32 35 47 58 73 73 80 31 32 61 48 31 97 91 97 R 182 245 115 256 232 281 185 220 209 126 247 174 153 214 115 311 114 243 Other Residual Fuel Oil annual reports, and U.S. Energy Informatio 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 3 2 1 1 2 3 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 All Other Data: ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (s) (s) CHP Monthly Energy Review 0 0 0 Table 8.7c. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Coke Petroleum 3 1960-1972—EIA, "State Energy Data 2010: Consumption" (June 2012 • 29 45 54 50 55 46 56 56 69 48 52 48 57 53 58 46 35 56 52 50 40 24 32 23 24 23 15 20 10 24 14 15 20 28 44 26 53 22 41 13 58 32 28 R 1973 forward—EIA, Petroleum Statement, Annual, • Motor Gasoline Petroleum Coke: Commercial Sector and See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an • 69 71 28 58 68 22 58 59 72 92 38 97 62 94 63 66 68 74 96 94 78 87 78 84 86 78 87 99 73 77 88 77 76 100 102 101 108 100 112 107 102 113 100 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning • R CHP Gases Liquefied Petroleum See http://www.eia.gov/states/_seds.html for related information. • 2 7 9 5 2 4 7 2 8 9 6 6 1 Web Pages: Sources: 34 24 24 17 24 26 19 23 20 16 38 30 24 21 54 26 25 13 15 23 15 10 12 14 10 13 13 11 10 15 annual data. sum of components due to independent rounding. U.S. Tables CT4 and CT5. Mineral Industry Surveys, Administration (EIA) estimates. 1949. "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end of section. Kerosene 193 313 207 306 276 274 345 177 276 243 281 318 123 104 293 297 232 251 308 286 215 243 221 270 181 174 225 226 209 239 232 252 238 189 210 209 230 227 206 202 194 236 196 R Total 2 192 345 281 123 286 293 313 243 276 177 318 308 215 297 251 274 207 276 104 306 232 194 233 230 206 204 236 208 188 223 218 225 241 207 228 249 173 180 225 236 267 199 196 R Other Distillate Fuel Oil 1 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 3 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 3 1 1 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (s) CHP U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 667 553 662 885 708 811 742 809 743 817 773 890 845 794 865 757 746 721 876 848 743 687 788 718 849 754 819 815 685 718 781 801 870 839 665 R Total 1,419 1,123 1,242 1,293 1,390 1,351 1,400 1,072 84 144 392 275 217 104 213 325 245 376 222 345 360 384 243 334 270 364 274 391 263 394 206 371 303 220 375 379 395 252 199 365 389 366 224 282 273 244 278 243 318 379 378 R Gases Liquefied Petroleum 9 14 41 59 31 35 51 78 74 54 43 89 81 57 77 46 41 36 34 40 31 64 52 69 77 31 13 46 41 46 37 10 21 45 29 57 32 R 171 140 168 179 161 144 Residential Sector Kerosene 278 274 435 404 329 736 342 433 805 427 402 883 424 390 850 389 932 938 363 917 765 617 425 314 411 540 494 434 512 514 426 523 544 451 335 562 458 558 546 460 283 438 460 R For total petroleum consumption by all sectors, see petroleum products supplied data in Table Fuel Oil • Distillate P Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of commercial electricity-only Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1993, also All commercial sector fuel use other than that in "CHP." Included in "Other." 4 2 3 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 500 barrels per day. Notes: able 5.13a Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Residential and Commercial Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 976 003 987 955 995 986 960 007 985 002 996 984 965 006 983 001 970 982 000 997 981 975 .11. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of petroleum consumption. See Note 1, 011 990 008 991 980 992 989 979 005 998 978 993 949 977 010 999 009 004 994 988 lants. See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of Section 8. 950 (Thousand Barrels per Day) ncludes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. 1 i p 1 1 1 1 1 2 5 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 T 146

167 147 3 d s. le al in s, 1, 197 • Total 5,035 4,934 5,056 4,523 4,274 4,460 4,819 4,953 4,594 4,903 4,903 4,892 4,219 4,667 4,304 4,522 4,438 4,844 5,222 5,193 5,100 4,251 4,087 2,708 4,191 4,065 3,808 2,387 4,447 4,210 4,821 3,247 4,867 1,822 4,273 4,842 4,038 4,347 4,058 3,854 5,343 1,598 4,519 R 4 243 366 435 866 657 250 973 Totals may not equ 1,408 1,474 1,532 1,593 1,251 1,300 1,458 1,481 1,605 1,381 1,299 1,579 1,518 1,454 1,373 1,434 1,373 1,640 1,508 1,605 1,657 1,284 1,343 1,294 1,032 1,286 1,001 1,176 1,391 1,546 1,176 1,105 1,581 1,120 1,042 1,145 Other • R Petroleum 83 86 46 84 90 49 89 96 52 147 146 146 127 105 179 168 183 194 108 123 104 100 178 471 321 345 689 844 689 586 386 326 534 708 721 748 237 253 617 686 792 456 658 Total 2 57 38 87 91 54 73 80 33 71 46 44 71 42 62 77 40 58 46 R 129 116 109 113 121 321 658 689 345 534 686 748 253 326 471 708 721 689 586 844 617 792 386 456 237 Other Residual Fuel Oil 1949-1959—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Survey • 1 5 6 R 63 14 66 30 52 65 37 56 48 55 60 59 13 69 33 46 46 38 57 46 60 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) CHP (April 2012), Table 3.7b. 40 67 41 330 426 361 325 362 315 331 343 383 329 394 328 412 363 307 300 425 404 423 375 390 390 264 294 234 203 242 246 261 243 306 244 266 225 202 246 149 250 250 310 All Other Data: annual reports, and U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimate Total 2 41 67 40 Table 8.7c. 395 342 308 300 390 302 336 293 377 294 317 347 362 304 289 295 375 390 404 358 362 405 225 246 250 246 250 242 294 149 266 264 234 203 243 306 244 202 261 293 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an R • Other See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning Monthly Energy Review • CHP: Petroleum Coke For total petroleum consumption by all sectors, see petroleum products supplied data in Tab • 1 5 See http://www.eia.gov/states/_seds.html for related information. 25 31 19 22 27 37 17 22 25 22 26 16 26 21 17 29 15 17 18 14 21 17 • 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 R ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) CHP Notes: Sources: Web Pages: 1960-1972—EIA, "State Energy Data 2010: Consumption" (June 2012), U.S. Table CT6. annual data. sum of components due to independent rounding. 5.11. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of petroleum consumption. See Note "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end of section. Petroleum Statement, Annual, 1949. • forward—EIA, 3 97 80 79 94 72 93 84 82 83 59 83 131 101 111 105 101 101 105 163 128 161 143 121 116 150 100 114 198 131 108 102 173 110 107 179 171 187 155 104 195 105 198 148 Industrial Sector R Motor Gasoline 82 61 84 86 73 78 82 77 75 80 87 67 78 78 64 36 92 82 75 62 88 79 68 73 80 70 83 80 47 48 43 75 82 72 75 72 71 79 82 72 73 86 68 R Lubricants 80 921 895 470 699 333 100 844 212 918 1,527 1,419 1,363 1,580 1,720 1,617 1,668 1,505 1,215 1,402 1,637 1,326 1,709 1,541 1,672 1,266 1,207 1,285 1,283 1,326 1,166 1,279 1,211 1,172 1,166 1,557 1,553 1,549 1,627 1,561 1,300 1,646 1,673 Gases R Liquefied Petroleum U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 8 6 7 6 5 2 7 9 9 5 6 8 6 2 4 R 21 14 87 80 78 59 52 16 86 14 58 68 75 32 69 89 21 14 11 11 19 14 12 14 132 123 116 Kerosene 630 564 328 717 530 466 577 476 537 621 617 541 546 265 823 526 653 830 809 537 534 541 532 558 566 595 594 563 566 522 521 525 507 594 599 570 519 557 570 536 611 568 559 R Total 2 546 541 630 526 476 537 830 530 809 653 265 328 617 564 823 621 577 537 717 466 495 602 553 509 591 589 561 549 525 542 554 515 513 526 531 561 514 534 596 558 583 556 566 R Other Distillate Fuel Oil 1 3 5 8 7 3 8 6 4 9 5 7 6 9 2 R 16 12 10 10 11 10 16 10 10 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) CHP 521 537 302 519 417 411 436 360 505 454 368 448 444 476 425 512 157 447 525 362 494 342 474 180 467 547 483 373 408 484 419 479 486 503 546 396 521 484 453 342 468 254 355 and Asphalt Road Oil P Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of industrial electricity-only plants. Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1993, also Pentanes plus, petrochemical feedstocks, still gas (refinery gas), waxes, and miscellaneous products. Included in "Other." All industrial sector fuel use other than that in "CHP." 4 1 5 3 2 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. able 5.13b Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ee Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of Section 8. eginning in 1964, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1981, also includes negative barrels per Year 975 991 984 006 987 978 009 989 005 999 992 986 950 994 995 981 008 003 011 985 970 997 007 949 998 980 001 979 983 nd secondary supply) reclassified as gasoline blending components. Beginning in 1983, also includes ay of distillate and residual fuel oil reclassified as unfinished oils, and other products (from both primary 010 965 988 002 000 982 976 990 993 996 955 960 977 004 rude oil burned as fuel. Beginning in 2005, also includes naphtha-type jet fuel. (Thousand Barrels per Day) ncludes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. B 1 d 1 a 1 c 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 i 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 S 1 2 2 T 1 1 1

168 y l, d al in te Total 9,406 9,487 9,546 9,592 4,458 9,838 9,761 9,372 8,951 9,307 7,778 5,135 6,036 3,084 3,356 Monthly Energ 11,668 11,921 10,505 10,763 12,099 12,420 10,888 12,765 13,012 10,191 10,881 12,938 11,124 10,005 13,208 13,321 11,417 13,720 13,957 10,160 14,178 13,279 14,287 10,846 13,704 10,937 13,223 13,466 R Totals may not equ • 1960-1972—EIA, "Sta • Petroleum Statement, Annua 399 395 431 367 358 353 365 392 321 535 336 393 370 249 400 440 444 332 465 295 351 255 423 531 310 342 386 443 290 358 397 447 433 294 608 379 310 396 385 359 504 524 382 R 1973 forward—EIA, • Fuel Oil Residual 3 8,370 7,080 6,554 6,667 8,336 7,042 6,817 8,733 6,510 9,093 6,871 5,589 8,128 8,948 7,041 3,221 6,441 7,022 8,662 6,421 8,840 7,125 6,512 9,029 7,772 7,367 8,435 7,171 7,264 4,374 8,834 3,736 7,674 8,887 6,456 7,179 7,487 6,896 7,883 8,565 2,433 2,241 8,816 Motor R Gasoline 76 64 78 77 78 81 76 72 82 77 71 71 83 81 74 87 69 69 80 67 70 77 77 71 57 68 73 66 68 69 75 67 73 68 78 74 74 70 68 60 64 54 64 R Lubricants See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning 1949-1959—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, • • (April 2012), Table 3.7c. See http://www.eia.gov/states/_seds.html for related information. • Sources: Web Pages: 8 9 2 1 23 29 20 10 14 15 20 11 36 17 38 24 10 14 12 30 20 16 13 19 32 16 24 33 16 21 10 15 24 31 29 13 10 14 13 16 13 21 21 "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end of section. Review Energy Data 2010: Consumption" (June 2012), U.S. Table CT7. sum of components due to independent rounding. annual reports, and U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates. 1949. annual data. Liquefied Petroleum Gases Transportation Sector 2 2 2 967 976 602 992 154 371 ( ) ( ) 1,175 1,489 1,725 1,539 1,633 1,527 1,471 1,578 1,067 1,614 1,679 1,449 1,385 1,514 1,307 1,046 1,454 1,522 1,673 1,011 1,062 1,578 1,655 1,044 1,630 1,622 1,622 1,006 1,022 1,599 1,469 1,393 1,218 1,425 1,432 Total R Jet Fuel 0 0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 91 334 845 953 845 718 782 867 808 777 814 803 839 1,679 1,357 1,598 1,656 1,005 1,310 1,575 1,393 1,623 1,630 1,622 1,621 1,633 1,296 1,480 1,675 1,340 1,725 1,105 1,578 1,181 1,284 1,236 1,539 1,497 1,425 1,432 R Kerosene Type 1 372 418 226 514 998 190 738 1,734 1,722 3,037 2,536 1,568 2,352 1,365 1,260 1,367 1,366 1,785 2,198 2,665 1,383 1,973 2,422 2,489 1,312 1,311 1,073 1,491 3,017 2,783 2,824 1,728 2,600 2,263 1,701 1,514 1,896 2,096 2,858 1,171 1,694 2,779 2,737 R Distillate Fuel Oil 19 18 17 25 55 16 26 27 39 26 17 18 25 27 24 93 23 31 22 15 21 37 20 35 21 24 21 38 21 14 19 38 20 22 39 19 32 15 15 108 120 161 192 Aviation Gasoline For total petroleum consumption by all sectors, see petroleum products supplied data in Table • P Through 1951, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in the products from which jet fuel was blended: in Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1993, also Beginning in 2009, includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. 2 1 3 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Notes: able 5.13c Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Transportation Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 976 993 008 992 981 960 996 979 998 009 952, 71 percent gasoline, 17 percent kerosene, and 12 percent distillate fuel oil. Beginning in 1952, 995 986 977 997 994 955 005 980 011 .11. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of petroleum consumption. See Note 1, 010 001 949 991 985 990 982 002 007 989 983 975 988 003 004 987 984 006 965 978 999 000 970 950 (Thousand Barrels per Day) ncludes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. ncludes kerosene-type jet fuel only. ncludes naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 1957, also includes kerosene-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, 2 1 1 1 1 i 2 i 2 1 1 i 1 1 1 2 1 5 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 T 1 148

169 149 e e d ts le in Se • 547 551 535 683 478 562 636 928 676 686 964 293 534 564 334 505 209 289 535 576 494 427 175 748 467 566 410 206 434 316 360 182 241 207 130 526 170 Total 1,151 1,437 1,747 1,388 1,710 1,520 3 79 41 67 R 627 904 642 517 382 853 627 592 382 504 435 418 378 437 456 104 157 418 379 173 287 247 669 379 231 379 507 192 311 169 302 191 273 473 1,350 1,069 1,405 1,575 1,612 1,280 Residual Fuel Oil Total 4 2 3 6 5 4 2 9 3 2 4 7 1 1 5 1 Totals may not equal sum of componen • 70 97 51 78 45 80 56 36 63 37 47 79 32 14 20 46 36 60 13 65 111 101 NA NA NA NA NA Coke Petroleum 2 39 42 45 42 51 66 42 40 58 35 66 76 42 51 52 64 34 33 80 41 54 82 60 84 13 15 10 79 14 56 15 45 51 34 52 29 72 39 38 R 130 134 114 107 Distillate Fuel Oil 8 5 26 38 24 21 21 38 22 39 19 33 26 37 27 33 36 37 36 12 15 11 11 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Total See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning • 3 1 For total petroleum consumption by all sectors, see petroleum products supplied data in Tab 6 9 6 6 9 6 6 6 8 6 9 8 6 7 6 4 8 6 • 10 10 10 10 See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA • Residual Fuel Oil Notes: Sources: Tables 8.5b, 8.5c, 8.6b, and 8.7b. Web Pages: annual data. due to independent rounding. amount of petroleum used to produce useful thermal output. Tables 8.5a–8.5d for the amount of petroleum used to produce electricity and Tables 8.6a–8.6c for th 5.11. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end of section. 1949. 0 0 2 0 5 46 R 15 26 25 22 22 17 26 25 22 15 13 13 14 23 12 17 15 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Coke Electric Power Sector Petroleum Combined Heat and Power (CHP) 2 2 1 1 5 1 2 4 1 3 2 3 4 4 7 3 2 4 3 6 4 1 1 11 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Distillate Fuel Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 686 928 562 964 551 478 676 683 636 740 207 316 206 241 182 394 422 551 520 466 497 267 509 154 373 521 510 467 272 296 431 325 189 539 531 119 159 R Total 1,151 1,388 1,520 1,710 1,747 1,437 3 73 99 35 62 435 517 504 904 627 627 642 853 592 663 191 192 231 169 302 301 430 469 370 369 409 497 376 448 376 281 167 409 371 237 151 373 263 1,069 1,350 1,405 1,280 1,612 1,575 Residual Fuel Oil 3 4 5 3 5 1 2 2 9 2 4 6 1 4 1 7 Electricity Only 15 54 14 83 13 65 18 25 20 50 58 94 26 66 16 82 21 30 23 14 56 61 R NA NA NA NA NA Coke Petroleum 2 48 38 76 58 39 15 66 32 15 42 71 42 33 33 10 77 51 13 40 61 63 41 51 34 44 79 59 45 46 49 14 37 47 42 84 40 28 70 37 R 114 130 107 134 Distillate Fuel Oil P 4 Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. For 1949–1979, data are for gas turbine and internal combustion plant use of Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. For 1949–1979, data are for steam plant use of petroleum. For 1980–2000, Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose 2 3 1 4 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. able 5.13d Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 007 975 982 003 983 009 980 990 976 985 986 984 955 977 002 970 lectric utility data also include a small amount of fuel oil no. 4. 995 960 010 981 965 etroleum. For 1980–2000, electric utility data also include small amounts of kerosene and jet fuel. 992 001 008 987 005 006 989 000 991 950 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Electric utility CHP plants are 996 004 978 994 949 011 988 997 999 998 979 993 (Thousand Barrels per Day) ncluded in "Electricity Only." ndependent power producers. 2 1 1 1 1 1 p 1 i 1 2 2 p 1 2 1 e 1 2 1 i 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 T 2

170 2010 2010 LPG² Petroleum 2000 2000 Distillate Fuel Oil 1990 1990 s whose primary business is to sell elec- Oil 1980 1980 Asphalt and Road 1970 1970 1960 1960 Sector, Selected Products 1 1950 1950 1 2 4 5 3 0 Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power plant 2.0 2.5 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 Quadrillion Btu 3 Quadrillion Btu Sources: Tables 5.14a–5.14c. tricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Electric Power Sector³ Industrial 2010 2010 Jet Fuel LPG² Motor Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil 2000 2000 Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil 1990 1990 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1980 1980 Sectors, Selected Products 1 1970 1970 Fuel Oil Residual 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 15 10 20 Liquefied petroleum gases. Includes combined-heat-and-power plants and a small number of electricity-only plants. 2 1 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu Residential and Commercial 150 Figure 5.14 Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates by Product by Sector, 1949-2011 Transportation Sector, Selected Products

171 d in 151 nt 688 991 935 872 686 769 790 790 685 762 893 819 825 664 726 735 707 702 810 653 828 743 651 807 R Total 1,552 1,490 1,041 1,170 1,131 1,099 1,162 1,318 1,227 1,095 1,367 1,413 1,592 1,083 1,346 1,500 1,122 1,248 1,037 77 73 73 73 70 85 76 75 75 80 92 R 263 588 230 532 208 228 480 505 266 565 424 264 212 290 141 111 137 189 111 122 173 172 116 417 492 399 645 228 567 351 714 559 Fuel Oil Residual 0 0 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Coke (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Petroleum 1 55 54 45 92 80 39 97 30 67 37 43 96 49 88 53 45 28 85 86 61 27 25 46 60 89 18 45 46 92 77 R 111 102 102 111 107 101 133 106 107 100 110 104 107 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe • Motor Gasoline Commercial Sector 96 93 88 81 31 87 83 95 81 99 39 54 95 140 140 135 131 123 152 109 157 102 150 139 121 143 109 118 120 107 129 141 102 107 136 122 140 109 143 103 131 158 108 R See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an Gases • Liquefied Petroleum See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning • See http://www.eia.gov/states/_seds.html for related information. • 5 3 4 9 4 Sources: Tables 5.13a, A1, and A3. Web Pages: 33 11 69 14 41 19 12 50 39 22 47 51 49 48 36 15 22 54 20 26 61 19 78 16 49 31 28 44 30 27 52 31 12 25 30 55 21 111 1949. rounding. annual data. Consumption," at end of Section. Kerosene 410 417 735 508 574 413 651 656 401 534 631 377 438 676 447 372 429 536 623 666 470 600 440 444 384 587 483 584 494 607 517 481 479 491 501 518 262 444 493 457 587 221 507 R Fuel Oil Distillate Total 1,142 1,139 1,408 1,414 1,106 1,565 1,531 1,439 1,541 1,422 1,322 1,176 1,767 1,243 1,254 2,227 1,617 1,531 1,224 2,432 1,434 1,451 1,675 1,734 1,520 2,725 1,519 2,479 1,457 1,660 1,529 2,703 1,353 1,374 1,554 1,381 1,465 2,681 1,394 2,099 1,304 2,607 1,484 (Trillion Btu) R U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 530 530 384 308 469 117 314 390 299 146 547 202 553 455 305 342 484 280 446 504 385 513 341 311 512 549 424 340 369 352 544 512 537 383 378 526 532 395 344 526 289 555 520 R Gases Liquefied Petroleum 29 18 60 89 95 95 28 76 93 21 65 64 85 85 95 44 70 74 65 72 66 85 84 Residential Sector R 161 371 184 133 117 289 121 347 119 107 108 111 334 159 153 354 167 298 160 144 For total heat content of petroleum consumption by all sectors, see data • Kerosene 583 592 905 974 712 829 960 905 980 930 726 854 860 926 924 669 828 772 874 978 924 602 905 908 700 R 1,994 1,050 1,316 1,160 1,713 1,156 1,987 1,190 1,951 1,194 1,878 1,807 1,626 1,091 1,092 1,147 1,111 1,568 Fuel Oil Distillate Data are estimates. • P Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1993, also 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Notes: able 5.14a Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Residential and Commercial Sectors, Year 991 980 993 008 001 004 977 990 975 987 006 998 986 003 955 002 009 983 999 997 981 965 011 985 970 978 949 994 995 010 000 007 005 984 n approximation of petroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum 982 996 992 989 976 988 950 960 979 Selected Years, 1949-2011 or heat content of petroleum products supplied in Table 5.12. For petroleum, product supplied is used as ncludes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 i 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 f 1 a 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 T 1

172 d in nt m Total 5,123 3,960 3,475 7,776 6,813 7,987 9,076 9,256 7,829 9,083 8,251 8,388 9,831 7,714 8,773 8,042 7,390 8,523 9,640 8,098 7,958 8,588 8,552 9,780 9,461 8,317 9,020 9,181 9,171 9,357 5,766 9,202 7,860 8,081 9,509 8,127 8,990 9,747 9,835 7,772 8,265 8,227 R 10,548 2 798 546 530 947 1,390 1,817 2,319 3,298 3,264 3,313 2,685 2,682 3,056 3,129 3,121 3,093 2,439 2,152 2,315 2,839 2,941 3,318 3,428 2,988 3,040 2,951 2,837 2,656 3,416 2,611 2,979 2,202 2,822 2,712 2,030 2,724 2,413 2,446 2,928 2,109 3,278 3,217 2,800 Other R Petroleum 190 582 748 241 230 334 791 207 419 203 546 291 411 249 889 387 199 281 193 335 337 239 736 410 106 220 446 113 120 R 1,225 1,573 1,416 1,584 1,624 1,582 1,937 1,047 1,349 1,655 1,716 1,081 1,509 1,822 Fuel Oil Residual Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe • 90 87 147 725 868 328 675 842 495 799 714 936 934 906 723 798 581 538 660 727 446 721 646 889 575 858 825 693 444 858 757 796 934 674 540 549 535 586 516 550 533 541 682 Petroleum Coke See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an • 1 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning • 231 332 251 342 250 295 372 309 193 206 200 206 199 376 160 180 192 193 200 288 244 212 150 381 324 218 199 356 194 152 185 306 112 273 160 211 138 162 223 158 196 178 281 R Motor See http://www.eia.gov/states/_seds.html for related information. • Gasoline Sources: Tables 5.12, 5.13b, A1, and A3. Web Pages: an approximation of petroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleu Consumption," at end of Section. rounding. 1949. annual data. Industrial Sector 94 80 103 156 183 181 177 191 159 107 182 137 190 186 167 155 193 161 150 173 166 162 178 161 167 178 181 135 173 174 172 170 160 141 149 195 182 159 166 182 175 204 149 Lubricants 156 323 123 507 953 712 1,833 2,009 1,687 1,664 2,106 1,720 1,990 1,582 2,014 2,217 1,749 2,141 2,054 1,666 2,016 1,510 1,969 1,582 2,160 2,104 1,763 2,100 1,823 2,228 2,030 1,950 1,728 2,097 1,203 1,575 1,681 1,203 1,530 1,559 1,192 1,123 2,121 Gases R Liquefied Petroleum U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 4 4 7 R 43 66 17 16 30 12 39 28 18 13 22 13 14 11 10 44 28 15 32 24 13 30 19 30 23 241 254 274 123 141 108 161 181 165 143 177 119 156 185 Kerosene 991 564 698 1,107 1,389 1,530 1,324 1,313 1,150 1,142 1,203 1,016 1,160 1,764 1,111 1,263 1,150 1,200 1,214 1,187 1,211 1,265 1,141 1,139 1,264 1,117 1,130 1,339 1,226 1,300 1,078 1,131 1,136 1,187 1,119 1,203 1,107 1,750 1,277 1,719 1,204 1,207 1,188 R Fuel Oil Distillate For total heat content of petroleum consumption by all sectors, see data • 380 615 734 890 873 904 998 435 828 992 962 829 878 860 and R 1,149 1,220 1,102 1,082 1,077 1,014 1,324 1,261 1,170 1,056 1,096 1,160 1,136 1,304 1,176 1,197 1,130 1,240 1,086 1,178 1,029 1,153 1,263 1,012 1,173 1,257 1,276 1,224 1,323 Asphalt Road Oil Data are estimates. • P Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1993, also Pentanes plus, petrochemical feedstocks, still gas (refinery gas), waxes, and miscellaneous products. 2 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Notes: able 5.14b Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 eginning in 1964, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1983, also includes crude oil burned as Year 988 989 978 990 977 006 976 991 975 992 970 011 982 993 005 994 002 995 960 996 009 983 984 981 008 980 985 979 010 986 987 004 997 001 955 998 950 999 949 003 000 007 965 (Trillion Btu) or heat content of petroleum products supplied in Table 5.12. For petroleum, product supplied is used as uel. ncludes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 i 1 1 2 B 1 f 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 f 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 152

173 153 y d e in m n. 0, 378 722 472 471 553 415 288 648 390 468 657 961 817 927 991 755 Total 1,212 1,205 1,059 1,235 1,124 1,211 1,144 2,202 1,090 2,634 3,166 3,477 3,283 3,901 1,286 1,257 1,306 1,452 1,568 1,289 3,987 1,544 1,703 1,198 2,117 1,563 1,277 Totals ma • 6 1 94 154 387 439 530 440 693 959 959 879 872 869 181 876 869 628 871 566 240 361 397 659 715 998 R 2,937 2,073 2,459 3,232 3,097 3,614 1,157 1,163 1,003 3,699 1,359 1,442 1,190 1,047 1,085 1,440 1,474 1,535 1,958 Residual Fuel Oil 3 4 8 2 5 2 8 4 8 7 9 For total heat content of petroleu 70 12 45 19 80 29 12 10 79 99 81 30 16 • 144 132 171 112 214 154 102 175 222 243 103 139 175 124 R NA NA NA NA NA Coke Electric Power Sector Petroleum 5 80 22 32 28 32 29 62 74 83 88 85 90 84 89 86 96 70 89 97 74 73 120 136 276 111 140 108 283 161 171 226 152 243 127 109 111 178 175 141 169 115 124 109 Distillate Fuel Oil Total 6,690 6,152 8,799 26,646 10,125 11,866 26,182 18,595 19,009 21,568 27,645 26,085 23,070 18,813 23,648 19,243 20,817 28,105 22,605 27,214 21,626 18,422 20,183 22,073 19,825 27,219 23,918 28,335 24,538 25,557 15,310 25,820 21,675 26,297 19,472 17,615 19,023 18,508 21,374 21,707 26,240 20,044 25,219 R See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an • 877 844 770 823 674 908 571 901 837 807 900 740 712 911 761 883 990 821 824 851 786 920 810 994 906 919 888 586 677 870 665 971 711 R 1,201 1,156 1,009 1,016 1,026 1,070 1,398 1,020 1,219 1,228 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning • Fuel Oil Residual Data for "Transportation Sector" are estimates. • See http://www.eia.gov/states/_seds.html for related information. • 4 Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. For 1949–1979, data are for steam plant use of petroleum. For 1980–200 6 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Notes: Sources: Tables 5.13c, 5.13d, A1, and A3. Web Pages: annual data. not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end of Section. electric utility data also include a small amount of fuel oil no. 4. 1949. consumption by all sectors, see data for heat content of petroleum products supplied in Table 5.12. For th transportation sector, petroleum product supplied is used as an approximation of petroleum consumptio 4,298 4,664 7,183 6,175 8,386 Motor 16,791 16,312 17,321 16,837 12,379 13,174 13,575 16,465 13,464 12,485 12,784 15,855 13,927 14,837 13,503 16,597 13,499 12,383 12,600 13,802 17,197 15,463 13,699 15,960 14,293 14,607 13,749 17,043 13,221 12,482 10,716 16,962 14,126 12,312 16,041 16,872 14,999 13,107 R Gasoline 141 141 120 149 155 152 133 172 172 127 182 156 171 150 157 173 152 157 163 165 153 162 147 168 176 163 164 172 167 172 141 171 168 150 152 179 180 151 161 155 193 147 184 R Lubricants 3 2 29 19 13 32 29 28 44 14 27 43 22 14 17 14 40 50 23 34 54 30 18 19 23 27 18 28 21 43 47 19 22 16 18 40 34 14 34 12 20 23 22 Gases Liquefied Petroleum (Trillion Btu) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Transportation Sector 3 0 0 739 301 2,963 1,215 2,950 3,383 3,308 2,186 2,414 2,069 3,028 3,358 2,138 3,265 2,058 2,497 3,193 3,379 2,090 3,357 3,001 2,682 3,340 2,002 2,179 3,025 2,843 3,154 2,883 2,029 3,426 3,462 2,982 2,141 3,475 3,129 3,274 3,580 3,132 1,973 3,059 Total R Jet Fuel 0 0 0 188 691 2,963 2,950 3,475 3,427 3,466 1,619 1,671 1,486 2,681 2,444 2,883 1,613 2,565 3,354 3,379 2,718 2,287 1,684 3,359 3,580 1,661 2,079 3,099 3,266 2,658 1,750 3,268 2,809 2,774 1,977 3,358 1,795 1,754 3,382 3,307 3,063 1,736 3,193 R Kerosene Type 2 405 892 480 791 5,818 5,908 4,195 6,020 2,679 5,666 5,165 3,796 4,812 6,414 4,469 3,335 3,687 2,948 5,528 6,457 2,905 2,288 3,601 2,795 5,932 4,672 2,489 5,392 3,661 2,905 1,093 4,032 3,626 3,218 3,684 2,790 1,569 2,901 2,121 6,076 5,292 5,001 3,170 R Distillate Fuel Oil 27 31 64 32 44 70 50 30 71 28 59 34 70 27 46 67 49 35 71 27 56 48 36 35 47 45 35 42 40 33 39 37 41 38 48 40 38 172 354 199 298 100 222 Aviation Gasoline P Finished motor gasoline. Through 1963, also includes special naphthas. Beginning in 1993, also Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. For 1949–1979, data are for gas turbine and internal combustion plant use of Through 1951, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in the products from which jet fuel was blended: in Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Beginning in 2009, includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. 4 2 3 1 5 able 5.14c Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Transportation and Electric Power Sectors, Year 007 011 005 977 002 999 009 960 992 984 987 955 996 983 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for lectric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. 976 988 979 985 952, 71 percent gasoline, 17 percent kerosene, and 12 percent distillate fuel oil. Beginning in 1952, 982 975 010 981 006 001 989 etroleum. For 1980–2000, electric utility data also include small amounts of kerosene and jet fuel. 978 998 008 950 993 000 980 949 994 970 003 997 995 986 004 965 991 990 Selected Years, 1949-2011 ncludes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. ncludes kerosene-type jet fuel only. ncludes naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 1957, also includes kerosene-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, e 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 i 1 i 1 1 2 i 1 2 1 p 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 p 2 T 1

174 2010 2010 2005 2005 Farm Industrial Residential On-Highway Diesel Residential 2000 2000 Commercial 1995 1995 Railroad Commercial 1990 1990 1985 1985 0 60 20 40 80 2.0 1.5 2.5 1.0 3.0 0.0 0.5 Million Barrels per Day Thousand Barrels per Day Kerosene by Major End Use Distillate Fuel Oil by Selected End Use 2010 2010 Kerosene Vessel Bunkering 2005 2005 Distillate Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Electric Power 2000 2000 Industrial 1995 1995 Commercial 1990 1990 1985 1985 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 450 600 750 150 300 Source: Table 5.15. Thousand Barrels per Day Million Barrels per Day 154 Total by Fuel Residual Fuel Oil by Major End Use Figure 5.15 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales, 1984-2010

175 155 e d 8 18 43 20 14 41 32 54 55 62 43 46 54 66 67 64 70 72 49 78 50 73 R 115 114 Total Total 2,809 3,552 3,472 4,123 4,165 4,050 3,546 4,120 3,871 4,057 3,908 3,877 3,790 3,357 3,440 3,756 3,608 3,120 2,949 3,075 3,289 3,150 2,971 Fuel Oil an 1 1 9 1 1 1 1 10 Fuel Oil and Kerosen 11 46 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1 2 3 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 Petroleum Marketing Annual 198 2005 forward—EIA, Farm (s) (s) (s) • 99 114 164 128 149 177 169 193 118 154 146 139 142 162 168 162 148 114 107 140 179 162 137 Diesel 1985-2004—EIA, • 4 2 8 3 2 3 6 3 7 5 4 6 6 9 6 7 4 8 Off-Highway 11 10 13 13 17 Kerosene Industrial 26 23 43 23 32 30 24 21 42 46 27 28 17 18 20 23 30 53 23 15 46 40 16 Military 6 2 7 9 2 5 2 6 4 8 9 7 17 16 10 10 15 13 15 10 12 11 14 Commercial 1,594 2,228 2,155 2,596 1,127 2,415 1,867 1,754 1,967 1,485 1,668 1,393 2,552 1,336 2,482 2,238 1,391 2,420 1,093 2,321 2,441 2,091 2,167 Diesel On-Highway 31 13 31 34 10 77 77 43 14 21 32 35 29 46 40 52 36 54 41 31 45 46 37 (February 2012). Residential 77 88 83 139 131 158 145 141 115 143 147 169 136 168 124 111 144 153 126 133 162 133 135 1984—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Vessel • Bunkering 437 404 862 670 744 538 698 676 983 888 767 804 869 816 967 961 859 877 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/fueloilkerosene/. annual reports, Tables 1–3, and unpublished revisions. Total • 1,250 1,194 1,150 1,048 1,054 3 Sources: 211 205 198 206 192 212 196 198 224 214 239 224 188 135 203 225 207 237 182 136 175 214 232 (October 1989), Tables A1–A3, and unpublished revision. Sales, Kerosene Sales 2010 1984. Railroad 2 1 1 1 1 2 13 26 Distillate Fuel Oil (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other 1 32 55 35 54 66 43 36 34 39 53 35 43 35 88 50 59 44 43 75 41 49 39 42 Electric 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 6 4 4 2 2 5 8 8 3 3 1 6 2 7 Power (s) Military 206 223 222 209 213 228 234 207 173 234 231 190 222 202 222 227 210 225 209 209 223 208 213 Farm 296 274 330 253 316 413 375 327 298 305 353 427 338 351 367 381 345 299 442 384 371 417 413 Vessel U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Bunkering 51 55 45 49 61 48 43 48 46 64 44 45 51 48 56 42 31 43 45 49 50 31 33 1 Oil 73 67 233 344 163 173 111 394 368 374 376 284 388 280 326 213 461 359 420 454 306 300 566 Company Residual Fuel Oil Electric Power 2 4 3 4 4 5 7 8 3 9 8 5 151 133 149 159 169 161 162 139 148 152 143 156 161 154 151 156 146 151 150 160 166 161 161 10 18 16 20 14 10 62 11 81 17 21 Oil Industrial Company 82 37 67 34 77 95 92 184 234 360 177 246 216 237 183 220 241 291 240 245 211 218 181 246 167 215 241 260 243 210 117 138 152 114 228 111 109 129 155 136 126 218 100 124 103 147 Industrial Commercial See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all data beginning in • 93 42 24 67 43 89 37 28 49 31 51 42 52 77 60 60 69 47 47 26 31 95 256 325 426 268 401 433 475 452 411 416 475 450 472 474 534 380 447 444 432 442 335 504 301 3 100 Residential Commercial Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Value has been revised since publication in the reports cited after "Sources." Sales to railroads are included in "Other." 2 1 3 – – =Not applicable. (s)=Less than 0.5 thousand barrels per day. Web Pages: able 5.15 Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales, Selected Years, 1984-2010 Year 010 006 998 990 992 999 999 005 997 010 000 995 984 996 991 001 004 998 002 990 991 985 994 992 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. 008 007 993 009 007 997 003 003 008 000 985 994 004 002 005 984 006 001 996 995 993 009 (Thousand Barrels per Day) 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 p 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 T 2

176 2009 85 Other Products³ 2004 34 1999 Residual Fuel Oil feedstocks, petroleum coke, special naph- blending components, kerosene, lubricants, 1994 42 Jet Fuel 1989 SPR¹ Crude Oil Petroleum Products Non-SPR Crude Oil 79 Oils 1984 Unfinished Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline and Source: Table 5.16. 3 naphtha-type jet fuel, pentanes plus, petrochemical thas, waxes, other hydrocarbons and oxygenates, and miscellaneous products. 1979 111 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1974 1969 150 Distillate Fuel Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1964 stocks held under foreign or commercial stor- 224 1959 Motor Gasoline 1 1954 SPR Non- 1,027 SPR Crude Oil² 1949 0 0 500 200 400 600 800 Crude oil stocks in the SPR include non-U.S. Includes lease condensate and crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). 1,500 2,000 1,000 2 1 1,200 1,000 Million Barrels (Cumulative) Million Barrels age agreements. See Figure 5.17 for additional information about the SPR. Total Stocks and Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Stocks, 1949-2011 156 By Type, 2011 Figure 5.16 Petroleum Primary Stocks by Type, End of Year

177 157 s l, d n al in s, annu 785 583 603 836 715 Total 1,751 1,776 1,647 1,556 1,645 1,548 1,720 1,737 1,647 1,698 1,586 1,593 1,607 1,112 1,278 1,454 1,484 1,653 1,341 1,665 1,133 1,468 1,392 1,507 1,621 1,560 1,592 1,493 1,563 1,568 1,617 1,312 1,430 1,519 1,581 1,597 1,018 1,794 Petroleum 725 719 671 725 725 683 750 724 752 760 689 709 641 699 724 890 724 712 668 661 682 926 731 658 911 862 718 901 641 692 826 964 705 660 786 707 616 545 334 449 741 350 734 R Total Products Petroleum Statement, Annua Petroleum Supply Annual, 8 85 79 72 78 67 78 76 71 73 85 85 68 70 82 70 72 79 73 78 63 82 72 82 82 82 76 84 71 80 81 77 75 70 67 70 70 34 76 55 92 89 37 77 Other Products 1981-2010—EIA, 79 94 94 81 84 88 80 86 88 91 83 76 93 86 91 86 95 98 76 99 88 87 89 81 68 70 62 89 99 66 81 • (February 2012). 118 111 113 109 110 108 106 124 105 107 100 106 Oils Unfinished 34 78 37 49 37 47 36 41 42 44 96 72 53 90 90 42 31 74 45 92 44 42 46 43 38 49 36 40 66 50 45 36 50 37 39 47 45 56 54 60 39 41 41 annual reports. Fuel Oil Residual Petroleum Supply Monthly 7 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly an • 224 223 212 243 208 216 214 226 209 222 261 258 231 210 253 238 235 237 218 233 193 223 219 210 220 195 215 218 213 207 202 226 235 216 196 228 175 195 209 165 110 116 219 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning Motor 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, • • Gasoline 2011—EIA, • See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. • Petroleum Products Included in "Liquefied Petroleum Gases Total." 2 7 1 9 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Web Pages: Sources: 92 98 99 94 83 89 97 97 93 94 89 80 89 86 96 74 23 67 30 111 113 121 115 109 101 106 135 116 113 120 102 103 106 132 111 125 101 136 104 108 petrochemical feedstocks, petroleum coke, waxes, other hydrocarbons and oxygenates, and miscellaneou reports. annual reports. 1949. products. Through 1964, also includes kerosene-type jet fuel. Beginning in 1964, also includes aviatio Petroleum Statement, Annual, gasoline and special naphthas. Beginning in 2005, also includes naphtha-type jet fuel. annual data. R Total 6 9 9 9 9 9 9 55 74 43 50 55 39 50 65 57 41 51 54 64 46 66 48 48 58 32 48 87 82 43 76 50 62 53 81 43 65 39 63 52 55 44 49 49 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Propane Liquefied Petroleum Gases 5 3 7 5 5 42 42 41 42 44 39 45 39 40 47 50 19 45 50 38 39 52 40 41 43 28 41 40 40 40 30 42 49 39 32 39 42 43 44 35 37 34 39 43 Jet () () Fuel U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 75 72 150 166 146 144 136 127 195 138 209 130 186 250 111 216 138 145 229 205 134 192 155 179 156 140 144 161 126 141 144 155 137 134 134 124 106 145 132 125 118 141 164 Distillate Fuel Oil 3 893 723 895 826 253 248 852 908 266 240 220 862 921 644 594 276 890 868 271 877 893 850 796 285 890 895 348 983 907 843 376 466 922 814 430 961 929 1,027 1,028 1,052 1,001 1,008 1,060 Total R 2,3 331 341 303 305 325 269 363 309 335 323 331 266 253 326 330 240 321 318 339 271 286 325 278 358 220 248 286 312 345 284 285 324 284 312 350 324 276 349 337 286 344 340 333 R Non-SPR 1 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 67 91 696 541 493 108 541 676 689 569 566 550 512 587 563 294 727 638 592 592 571 379 586 727 451 230 560 685 702 599 697 567 580 575 Crude Oil and Lease Condensate SPR P Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline blending components, kerosene, lubricants, pentanes plus, Through 1951, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in the products from which it was blended: in 1952, 71 Finished motor gasoline, motor gasoline blending components, and gasohol. Through 1963, also "SPR" is the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977. Crude oil stocks in the SPR include Includes propylene. All crude oil and lease condensate stocks other than those in "SPR." Beginning in 1981, includes stocks of Alaskan crude oil in transit. Does not include stocks that are held in the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. 1 6 2 7 3 5 4 8 able 5.16 Petroleum Primary Stocks by Type, Selected Years, End of Year 1949-2011 Year 007 984 988 986 960 994 976 005 997 979 002 950 975 995 998 992 985 011 978 982 991 989 009 981 980 970 003 000 996 001 955 965 987 006 ercent gasoline, 17 percent kerosene, and 12 percent distillate fuel oil. Through 1964, kerosene-type jet on-U.S. stocks held under foreign or commercial storage agreements. 977 983 004 993 949 990 010 008 999 (Million Barrels) Other Products." uel is included with kerosene in "Other Products." Beginning in 2005, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in ncludes aviation gasoline and special naphthas. f 1 1 2 1 i p 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 n 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 " 2 T 2

178 82 00 77 2010 2010 75 20 7 63 3 58 3 56 55 19 2005 2005 56 34 23 57 57 41 9 50 5 52 2000 2000 7 57 8 59 0 62 1 67 0 75 1995 1995 4 73 5 77 4 83 0 86 82 10 1990 1990 81 20 85 19 91 27 94 18 43 115 1985 1985 96 72 88 85 Source: Table 5.17. Note: SPR=Strategic Petroleum Reserve. 68 60 43 93 17 16 1980 1980 11 24 8 59 1 8 0 0 25 50 75 50 75 25 100 125 100 Days Million Barrels 2010 2010 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2005 2005 by annual average daily net imports of all Crude Oil 2000 2000 Total Petroleum 1995 1995 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 1980 0 0 Derived by dividing end-of-year SPR stocks 80 60 40 20 Imported by SPR and imported by others for SPR. 600 200 400 800 100 1 2 Million Barrels Percent petroleum. 158 End-of-Year Stocks in SPR Crude Oil Imports for SPR¹ SPR as Share of Domestic Stocks SPR Stocks as Days of Petroleum Net Imports² Figure 5.17 Strategic Petroleum Reserve, 1977-2011

179 . 159 y ly s. st al a a: U.S 4 8 1 56 55 63 57 56 75 57 43 67 83 50 59 88 94 81 75 82 96 82 86 57 73 62 85 77 91 58 68 11 17 52 77 115 Days of annual report Petroleum All Other Dat Net Imports Withdrawals: and Petroleum Supply Month 1977-1980—U.S. Energ • 5.2 7.7 6.8 0.6 41.1 40.3 40.4 40.0 38.0 40.9 32.1 36.7 35.2 20.5 35.6 35.0 41.8 34.7 26.1 40.7 35.8 38.7 33.6 37.9 28.9 39.7 36.1 36.1 34.7 37.5 32.5 15.5 36.1 36.8 40.5 Stocks Percent of Total Petroleum 2011—EIA, • 3 Petroleum Statement, Annual, 2.1 67.9 70.3 66.6 68.8 17.8 68.3 69.1 60.6 23.1 70.4 52.4 60.8 62.9 64.4 21.2 63.8 56.6 63.8 67.8 66.6 66.1 62.9 63.7 60.7 63.7 63.6 38.8 45.7 64.5 68.3 64.9 70.9 65.4 68.5 R Stocks Percent of annual reports. Crude Oil End-of-Year Stocks End-of-Year Stocks, Quantity: and 7.46 66.86 91.19 684.54 675.60 567.24 688.61 701.82 726.62 696.94 493.32 379.09 571.41 638.39 574.72 591.67 579.86 540.65 587.08 450.51 563.43 107.80 293.83 585.69 511.57 726.55 599.09 550.24 559.52 591.64 230.34 695.95 568.51 565.82 540.68 Quantity Petroleum Supply Annual, Imported by Others, Domestic Crude Oil Receipts, Imported by SPR .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .40 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .90 .00 .00 .00 .00 5.44 9.82 1.57 5.40 0.00 10.75 33.35 6 Exchanges Includes 30 million barrels released to increase heating oil stocks in exchange for a like quantity plus The quantity of domestic fuel oil which was in storage prior to injection of foreign crude oil. 5 6 R=Revised. (s)=Less than 0.005 million barrels. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. Sources: Note: "SPR" is the Strategic Petroleum Reserve—petroleum stocks maintained by the Feder 1981-2010—EIA, (February 2012). Government for use during periods of major supply interruption. • Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, unpublished data. Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report, bonus percentage to be returned in 2001 and 2002, as well as additional barrels to create a Northea Home Heating Oil Reserve. Calculated. Withdrawals .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 2.33 3.91 0.00 11.03 25.82 17.22 30.59 Sales 2 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .38 .00 .00 .00 4.47 8.47 8.41 2.44 2.29 3.20 1.42 7.64 1.68 0.00 16.40 Exchanges U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .58 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .01 .17 .11 .05 .42 .00 2.69 6.96 3.79 1.21 2.60 1.30 0.37 (s) 5 28.79 Domestic Crude Oil Receipts Purchases 1,2 .00 .00 .00 .90 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 2.70 1.50 7.98 3.31 0.00 3.60 5.07 7.11 34.24 22.94 18.88 20.29 35.59 Imported by Others .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 3.91 5.77 7.54 4.49 3.01 3.04 5.37 3.59 9.77 24.43 16.07 17.56 18.76 43.12 26.52 20.35 60.19 85.29 72.04 58.80 93.30 Foreign Crude Oil Receipts by SPR Imported Imported crude oil received represents volumes of imported crude oil received at SPR storage facilities The values shown for 1998 and 1999 represent an exchange agreement in which SPR received Derived by dividing end-of-year SPR stocks by annual average daily net imports of all petroleum. Includes lease condensate stocks. 3 1 2 4 able 5.17 Strategic Petroleum Reserve, 1977-2011 alculated prior to rounding. eceipts, Imported by Others," while exchange barrels of domestic crude oil are included in "Domestic rude Oil Receipts, Exchanges." nergy and exchanged with commercial entities for crude oil to fill the SPR. Crude oil exchange barrels Year 007 999 992 006 984 977 988 994 011 997 005 978 009 008 983 002 000 979 004 991 980 981 998 993 982 986 987 989 pproximately 8.5 million barrels of high quality oil in exchange for approximately 11 million barrels of lower 990 uality crude oil shipped from SPR during 1999 and 2000. Also, beginning in 1999, a portion of the crude 010 il in-kind royalties from Federal leases in the Gulf of Mexico was transferred to the U.S. Department of 995 001 003 elivered to SPR could be either domestic or imported as long as the crude oil met the specification 985 996 ommercial importer under contract to supply the SPR. (Million Barrels, Except as Noted) equirements of SPR. All exchange barrels of imported crude oil are included in "Foreign Crude Oil or which the costs associated with the importation and delivery of crude oil are the responsibility of the 1 E o q C a C 1 c r 1 f 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 R 1 d 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 T 1

180 2010 2010 ANS³ 2005 2005 2000 1995 2000 Texas 1990 1985 Real¹ Prices, Indexed 1977=100 California 1995 1980 0 400 600 100 300 100 200 500 Index: 1977=100 1990 1985 Alaska North Slope. Source: Table 5.18. 3 1980 Texas ANS³ Real¹ Prices Real¹ Nominal² California 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 50 25 75 1970 100 Real (2005) Dollars¹ per Barrel Alaska North Slope, California, and Texas 1977-2011 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1965 ng gross domestic product implicit price defla- 1960 ANS³ Texas 1955 Nominal² Prices California 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 1950 0 0 80 20 40 60 75 50 25 120 100 See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by usi 125 100 1 2 Dollars per Barrel Nominal Dollars² per Barrel tors in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. U.S. Average Prices, 1949-2011 160 Figure 5.18 Crude Oil Domestic First Purchase Prices

181 e e . le 161 m m Petroleu 2 62.62 60.78 45.18 30.12 28.86 22.79 24.07 45.43 17.92 18.76 51.43 17.92 24.42 22.26 20.36 27.72 29.28 22.68 43.27 17.52 16.50 37.99 23.76 18.20 23.06 12.70 57.82 22.83 39.09 17.13 22.20 13.07 86.61 20.88 14.35 22.11 51.35 15.47 67.31 16.69 19.86 50.28 84.45 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R (April 2012), Tab U.S. Average 1 "Crude Petroleum and Petroleu 9.00 8.57 2.86 3.18 2.88 8.19 7.67 2.51 2.77 2.54 26.19 25.88 31.77 24.09 27.56 14.62 10.87 13.19 12.51 28.52 20.03 66.52 22.51 14.25 16.54 74.71 59.69 15.40 17.23 15.56 12.64 94.04 56.35 21.84 12.58 15.86 26.72 18.46 15.99 21.59 36.77 95.73 50.28 Nominal Petroleum Marketing Monthly Minerals Yearbook, 2 February 1976-1977—FEA, Form FEA-P-124, "Domestic Crud • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 25.78 23.92 43.49 22.98 32.24 68.68 30.96 45.70 21.94 59.39 52.31 22.71 22.05 25.60 64.30 89.20 19.91 20.68 25.45 18.74 27.08 67.07 28.88 23.38 30.94 48.26 20.07 25.80 14.35 57.29 50.91 24.42 40.08 52.61 81.15 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1985 forward—EIA, 1978-1984—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • • Texas 1974-January 1976—Federal Energy Administration (FEA), Form FEA-90, "Crud • 1 annual reports. 1949-1973—Bureau of Mines, • 9.29 8.58 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 14.73 18.66 12.65 23.77 17.29 20.31 61.31 18.32 12.28 14.98 21.84 23.41 26.80 19.04 17.55 29.13 68.30 29.35 31.77 96.85 16.38 28.87 28.60 16.19 57.40 22.37 35.06 38.79 14.71 76.23 17.81 91.99 52.61 Nominal See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning in 1949 • Sources: See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. Oil Purchaser’s Monthly Report." • 18. Marketing Annual, Products" chapter. Petroleum Production Monthly Report." data. 2 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 49.95 16.36 28.08 35.61 18.34 21.48 20.96 29.18 21.22 44.32 67.13 17.69 18.89 51.27 24.65 15.47 51.14 35.93 20.21 22.17 83.32 15.16 11.16 61.26 17.16 36.93 16.21 55.55 20.11 39.22 23.72 18.65 27.97 47.08 90.42 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R California 1 9.55 7.92 8.58 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 15.78 10.97 11.90 14.00 13.92 13.55 13.72 12.11 22.09 65.07 14.06 12.12 12.78 17.81 23.87 16.72 24.58 22.14 74.51 90.47 57.34 24.82 26.43 14.08 20.11 22.61 56.11 21.87 26.80 34.47 47.08 102.50 Nominal U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 9.90 – – – – – – NA NA NA NA NA R 59.96 25.26 24.13 14.35 82.98 13.85 15.31 15.46 18.42 12.57 44.44 12.22 13.63 10.24 12.88 21.01 65.17 26.62 17.25 49.59 27.55 30.68 55.08 35.92 16.65 16.71 35.30 29.94 17.54 21.08 20.04 87.15 47.05 34.13 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 3,R 1 Alaska North Slope 6.29 5.21 8.43 8.47 6.45 9.77 – – – – – – NA NA NA NA NA 3 23.62 56.86 23.78 47.05 11.57 10.83 15.32 98.79 16.87 12.46 63.69 17.91 11.73 11.12 19.37 72.33 14.84 19.92 90.10 10.57 10.84 16.98 18.18 23.23 12.00 33.03 17.69 15.23 54.41 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices for updated monthly and annual • Nominal In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Average for July through December only. 3 2 1 Note: Prices are for the marketed first sales price of domestic crude oil. See Note 4, "Crude Oil R=Revised. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. Web Pages: able 5.18 Crude Oil Domestic First Purchase Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. omestic First Purchase Prices," at end of section. Year 970 992 007 011 996 981 977 960 003 976 995 010 008 987 986 993 985 982 965 975 002 000 991 984 955 988 006 997 950 980 999 005 983 949 990 989 978 998 994 001 004 979 009 (Dollars per Barrel) 1 1 2 D 1 1 1 2 1 D 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 T 1

182 2010 90 Canada Mexico 2005 100 zuela Vene- United Kingdom 101 2000 Mexico bia 103 Colom- 1995 106 Canada Kuwait 1990 109 Arabia Saudi 1985 116 1980 118 Norway Nigeria 118 1975 United Kingdom 0 0 60 90 30 40 20 60 80 Note: OPEC=Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Source: Table 5.19. 120 150 100 120 Dollars² per Barrel Dollars² per Barrel By Selected Country, 2011 By Selected Non-OPEC Country, 1973¹-2011 2010 2010 Venezuela 2005 2005 Nigeria 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 1995 Saudi Arabia 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 0 0 40 30 20 90 80 60 60 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 1973 cost is based on October, November, and December data only. 120 100 120 1 2 Dollars² per Barrel Dollars² per Barrel 162 By Selected OPEC Country, 1973¹-2011 Total, 1973¹-2011 Figure 5.19 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries

183 163 il d al m 1, m ot er 6.41 Total 12.32 18.11 21.82 49.29 23.91 15.72 13.49 67.97 18.02 27.53 15.18 36.07 33.67 14.08 60.23 17.23 17.65 17.68 16.78 20.31 11.84 17.75 59.11 21.13 27.69 12.70 13.32 28.54 14.35 14.36 21.45 93.33 28.93 26.67 33.18 36.47 76.49 R 102.98 Totals may n • 4 5.64 (April 2012), Table 22; an Total 11.81 17.67 20.98 17.66 33.99 35.29 17.51 17.54 13.96 58.58 16.95 63.96 27.80 13.52 18.45 15.78 17.93 15.29 27.68 22.17 12.22 23.97 20.47 57.14 47.31 98.76 13.35 12.70 14.42 22.10 14.38 28.14 90.59 28.08 26.53 36.14 31.47 74.67 R Non-OPEC – – – W 63.87 22.65 17.91 29.26 18.78 72.47 15.82 35.68 20.63 17.92 14.63 67.44 25.32 16.64 39.28 21.37 20.64 18.26 18.74 30.62 13.55 26.35 20.88 55.28 22.97 14.53 29.45 14.83 96.95 34.25 30.87 28.36 37.29 80.12 United 118.35 Kingdom Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 1979-September 1982—EIA, Form ERA-5 – – Countries • 2 56.23 26.60 20.90 19.10 64.39 19.06 21.34 13.83 30.51 18.99 25.77 15.43 36.82 71.66 30.13 15.98 21.11 21.44 59.80 17.09 20.26 39.92 19.06 18.06 13.74 12.80 14.68 22.55 30.05 14.93 34.70 28.32 38.70 30.72 82.20 118.09 104.13 Norway See "Crude Oil Landed Cost" in Glossary. • – W 19.37 22.09 57.35 15.60 62.31 19.64 14.09 16.69 14.11 25.48 12.17 11.04 19.64 16.35 26.03 53.76 32.25 43.47 17.30 16.19 12.58 15.89 16.12 31.77 85.97 20.77 26.85 13.56 13.82 12.61 12.64 28.63 25.78 25.63 33.70 72.86 October 1982-June 1984—EIA, Form EP-51, "Monthly Foreign Crude O Mexico 101.22 • Selected Non-OPEC July 1984 forward—EIA, • October 1977-December 1978—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), For • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices for updated monthly and annu • – – – – – – – – – – W W W 1973-September 1977—Federal Energy Administration, Form FEA-F701-M-0, "Transf 29.68 18.43 16.54 53.42 18.10 22.34 13.26 62.13 25.88 22.02 25.28 18.46 58.50 17.45 15.80 30.55 14.47 12.85 19.71 19.55 70.91 39.03 18.09 93.43 74.25 • 102.53 Data are for landed costs of crude oil imports only; they do not account for refined petroleu Colombia • See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. • Notes: Web Pages: Sources: company data. Transaction Report." data. Pricing Report." FEA-F701-M-0, "Transfer Pricing Report." products imported into the United States. EIA, Form EIA-856, "Monthly Foreign Crude Oil Acquisition Report." "Transfer Pricing Report." equal sum of components due to independent rounding. 5.33 53.90 26.56 11.62 17.54 19.94 26.69 20.48 20.72 16.65 16.81 22.98 11.48 26.76 30.11 13.43 12.84 14.83 17.16 34.51 20.22 13.50 44.73 15.27 14.41 13.36 57.60 60.38 17.04 17.04 14.13 17.63 90.03 90.00 25.63 32.32 25.71 27.15 72.80 Canada 4 6.85 Total 12.49 21.29 14.18 51.36 29.06 71.14 15.08 18.08 36.84 12.70 13.46 33.56 11.46 14.35 14.34 13.32 61.90 16.61 15.68 23.83 17.73 17.78 21.52 17.64 16.94 17.81 21.23 27.29 20.14 61.21 27.70 95.49 34.81 36.60 29.84 26.86 78.27 OPEC R 107.83 5.99 12.36 16.78 21.93 20.31 47.87 57.78 66.13 19.81 13.12 12.84 15.13 15.92 26.05 18.59 33.79 13.39 13.66 11.52 25.92 13.11 15.58 25.70 15.76 11.89 10.16 25.19 11.25 57.37 16.35 14.81 17.65 90.76 29.91 24.93 24.43 22.94 72.43 100.14 Venezuela U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Countries 2 5.37 18.95 12.84 17.48 13.94 29.80 11.16 62.14 59.19 70.78 50.31 16.81 21.82 17.34 26.58 20.49 29.20 15.40 16.84 24.77 13.06 12.50 20.98 27.50 17.48 15.11 13.69 17.22 17.52 37.11 13.37 11.63 94.75 34.99 29.27 34.20 24.72 79.25 Saudi Arabia R 108.74 Selected OPEC 9.08 17.21 18.73 17.63 68.26 26.45 19.32 15.29 78.01 18.25 14.14 26.55 40.95 19.19 30.04 23.33 20.64 68.01 31.07 15.88 21.95 20.78 21.39 57.55 12.70 13.81 14.88 37.15 15.29 13.16 30.36 22.97 30.85 36.16 39.66 28.96 83.15 Nigeria R 116.40 104.83 per Barrel) 1 – – – – W W W W W W W W W 26.28 16.77 86.35 16.90 48.36 17.01 61.12 14.49 23.04 17.03 35.89 11.00 26.82 11.70 20.32 14.23 18.48 16.47 16.99 57.64 12.84 66.01 18.14 19.66 75.91 Kuwait R 106.33 3 5.91 93.59 69.83 58.92 29.07 20.55 15.26 25.50 20.42 15.00 49.68 14.01 17.37 29.37 26.77 12.21 20.45 16.78 17.37 12.64 20.73 17.34 17.47 13.51 30.59 34.94 13.03 36.53 12.92 13.85 24.13 34.61 62.15 27.54 11.18 17.44 17.58 78.58 Gulf R 108.01 Persian 5 P On this table, "Total OPEC" for all years includes Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Neutral Zone (between See "Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)" in Glossary. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Based on October, November, and December data only. 5 2 4 1 3 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. W=Value withheld to avoid disclosure of individual able 5.19 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 uwait and Saudi Arabia). audi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela; for 1973–2008, also includes Indonesia; for ngola. Data for all countries not included in "Total OPEC" are included in "Total Non-OPEC." Year 989 993 004 973 976 985 999 982 987 978 011 998 979 988 986 000 974 980 991 983 001 008 996 975 005 992 010 981 006 995 007 997 003 984 009 990 977 002 973–1992 and beginning in 2008, also includes Ecuador (although Ecuador rejoined OPEC in November 994 007, on this table Ecuador is included in "Total Non-OPEC" for 2007); for 1974–1995, also includes Gabon (Dollars although Gabon was a member of OPEC for only 1975–1994); and beginning in 2007, also includes 1 2 1 S K 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 ( 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 A 1 T 1

184 1.6 73 Nations Persian Gulf United Kingdom 2.3 165 Norway OPEC 7.4 Kuwait 170 Non-OPEC 14.5 335 Total Colombia 0 60 300 120 180 240 360 Billion Dollars¹ Source: Table 5.20. 31.7 Totals, 2011 Venezuela 2010 32.6 Nigeria 2005 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 40.6 Mexico 1995 1990 47.1 Saudi Arabia 1985 1980 72.5 Canada 1975 0 60 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 0 120 240 180 300 360 Note: OPEC=Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. 1 60 70 80 50 10 20 30 40 Billion Dollars¹ Billion Dollars¹ Total, 1973-2011 164 By Selected Country, 2011 Figure 5.20 Value of Crude Oil Imports

185 l, e al s: 165 to m 5 annu 7.6 Petroleu 44.3 54.4 54.9 55.8 37.6 25.8 45.5 19.0 15.6 91.4 64.9 39.1 74.3 97.7 42.2 35.8 38.9 20.6 51.0 30.1 26.3 35.2 37.7 31.2 34.7 79.8 58.5 39.5 33.3 38.0 257.2 335.3 182.2 248.9 334.2 218.3 198.1 133.2 Total R 4 2011—EIA, • 2.4 4.1 3.6 4.1 5.1 6.2 29.9 28.8 99.7 65.2 91.9 22.6 30.5 20.2 18.2 19.4 20.2 19.7 46.0 17.4 36.2 51.4 14.7 15.8 12.3 19.1 18.3 11.3 18.3 10.2 44.3 19.5 17.3 15.7 Total 127.2 170.2 145.0 109.0 111.4 R Petroleum Statement, Annua Non-OPEC Petroleum Statement, Annual, .8 .0 .5 .9 .8 annual reports. 3.5 0.0 1.6 2.7 2.2 1.9 1.6 2.4 2.8 1.3 4.5 3.2 3.4 1.3 2.3 3.1 2.4 4.0 2.3 4.1 5.5 2.1 1.7 1.1 2.0 1.5 1.7 2.9 4.1 3.9 5.0 1.5 – W United Kingdom .8 .1 .3 .7 .2 .3 .3 .9 .3 .9 .6 .7 .5 .6 .6 .9 0.0 2.3 1.5 1.7 1.8 2.1 1.3 2.3 2.4 2.1 1.1 1.1 2.3 1.2 1.9 3.3 1.3 2.0 2.6 1.2 3.4 1.6 – Countries 2 Norway Petroleum Supply Annual, .3 .4 .9 8.7 4.9 8.6 7.4 6.1 5.3 9.9 4.4 6.7 4.3 3.7 6.5 6.7 3.3 4.8 3.1 7.2 5.9 2.8 1.6 4.4 5.8 4.5 – W 30.6 40.6 24.7 22.9 30.9 32.0 37.3 18.9 12.5 14.6 12.1 R Mexico Selected Non-OPEC Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • 1981-2010—EIA, • .0 .9 .0 .9 .0 .8 .0 .0 .0 .6 .0 .3 .8 .0 .0 .0 .0 .9 .7 (February 2012). 9.2 3.6 5.4 2.0 6.1 3.0 3.2 3.5 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.1 3.0 1.9 2.5 2.2 – W 14.5 Crude oil import volumes used to calculate values in this table are for the 50 States and th Colombia 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • • Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. Sources: Calculated by using prices on Table 5.19 and volume data from the following source Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – = No data reported. (s)=Less than $0.05 billion. W=Value withheld 1973-1975—U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, • avoid disclosure of individual company data. reports. annual reports. Supply Monthly District of Columbia. Customs that represent crude oil value at the port of loading. 1.9 7.7 2.6 6.3 2.1 3.3 2.8 5.0 7.8 3.4 5.4 2.2 2.8 1.8 5.3 2.0 1.4 3.3 4.4 4.8 3.9 3.8 7.5 1.3 5.0 1.9 4.7 52.4 72.5 41.6 20.4 35.5 40.8 26.7 64.4 13.2 15.1 10.3 12.1 Canada 4 5.2 90.3 98.4 68.0 46.3 45.4 14.9 25.3 10.4 17.4 22.2 19.7 26.1 29.6 12.9 21.9 15.5 24.4 39.7 47.5 14.0 20.7 11.6 22.0 21.6 27.2 16.1 16.1 27.1 38.1 22.3 22.2 35.5 39.0 Total 130.1 165.1 189.2 139.9 106.9 OPEC R .8 4.9 2.8 3.0 6.2 2.2 0.8 1.8 5.1 6.5 5.0 1.3 1.4 2.3 8.3 4.9 1.9 1.5 2.7 8.9 1.2 1.0 1.8 1.4 4.6 3.9 9.3 1.6 9.6 24.1 31.7 34.5 27.7 20.1 23.9 21.7 16.0 11.1 11.7 Venezuela Countries U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 5.8 8.3 6.8 9.4 3.3 5.7 6.9 1.2 7.7 2.9 3.9 7.2 5.8 4.4 0.9 7.1 9.3 9.5 1.9 3.2 8.8 7.2 3.4 31.3 47.1 22.2 13.6 52.1 37.4 30.7 26.5 20.3 10.2 13.9 17.3 14.8 13.7 12.3 10.7 Saudi R Arabia Selected OPEC 4.0 2.4 5.3 1.5 3.3 8.2 3.5 5.1 6.7 5.2 5.1 3.7 6.3 5.6 4.9 2.3 3.0 9.6 5.7 9.4 4.8 9.0 3.4 6.7 8.8 3.5 4.9 3.9 4.1 3.6 29.8 32.6 35.4 30.9 11.4 19.3 22.6 25.8 16.2 R Nigeria ) 1 .0 .2 .5 .1 .4 .5 7.4 5.4 1.5 4.0 2.5 6.5 4.0 3.2 1.7 4.2 1.8 1.8 3.8 2.0 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.8 – – – (s) W W W W W W W W W Kuwait 3 3.8 1.7 8.7 8.4 4.8 5.2 9.1 6.7 4.3 8.8 8.3 6.0 2.3 4.4 9.1 72.9 48.6 11.0 32.1 19.5 13.5 46.5 40.0 15.0 12.2 80.1 53.9 10.4 15.3 20.2 11.3 15.1 11.0 23.6 10.5 24.4 11.1 16.9 37.6 Gulf R Persian P Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Neutral Zone (between Data shown here represent landed value; they differ from data in Table 3.7, which are data from U.S. On this table, "Total OPEC" for all years includes Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. See "Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)" in Glossary. 1 2 4 3 5 able 5.20 Value of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 uwait and Saudi Arabia). audi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela; for 1973–2008, also includes Indonesia; for ngola. Data for all countries not included in "Total OPEC" are included in "Total Non-OPEC." Year 993 001 973 002 982 005 988 998 987 978 997 974 985 975 007 977 984 980 011 004 991 981 007, on this table Ecuador is included in "Total Non-OPEC" for 2007); for 1974–1995, also includes Gabon 990 996 983 999 003 973–1992 and beginning in 2008, also includes Ecuador (although Ecuador rejoined OPEC in November 976 009 000 006 989 979 992 994 010 995 008 986 (Billion Dollars although Gabon was a member of OPEC for only 1975–1994); and beginning in 2007, also includes 1 1 1 1 2 1 ( K A 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 S 1 T 1

186 2010 2010 2005 2005 2000 2000 Real² Real² 1995 1995 Nominal¹ Nominal¹ 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 0 0 80 20 40 60 40 20 80 60 Source: Table 5.21. 120 100 120 100 Dollars per Barrel Dollars per Barrel Imported Costs Composite Costs 2010 2010 2005 2005 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Real² 1995 1995 Nominal¹ ng gross domestic product implicit price defla- 1990 1990 1985 1985 Domestic 1980 1980 Composite Imported 1975 1975 1970 1970 0 0 80 20 60 80 60 40 20 40 See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by usi 120 100 120 100 1 2 Dollars per Barrel Nominal Dollars¹ per Barrel tors in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. Domestic Costs 166 Figure 5.21 Crude Oil Refiner Acquisition Costs, 1968-2011 Summary

187 167 . e 5 ic st al st ts ry 198 • Februa • 2 1978-1984—U.S • 58.35 40.46 25.47 24.06 67.42 69.10 57.47 14.39 54.03 87.25 31.65 63.96 50.28 14.23 29.55 30.75 47.86 20.96 30.31 43.41 13.97 30.66 26.14 25.30 31.85 23.10 14.09 20.16 27.62 14.63 22.50 58.73 21.88 13.43 30.90 24.90 21.11 19.50 25.83 14.75 30.81 38.21 50.24 89.92 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R annual reports. 1974-January 1976—Feder • Composite 1 9.07 4.15 3.17 3.58 3.60 3.40 3.29 19.06 12.52 14.67 17.51 28.26 17.90 16.41 22.95 10.89 24.10 28.53 14.55 15.59 18.43 26.75 22.22 60.24 28.63 17.72 11.96 67.94 94.74 59.29 28.99 17.23 76.69 31.87 28.07 17.97 35.24 12.46 10.38 20.71 19.04 36.98 50.24 101.93 Nominal Petroleum Marketing Annual, (April 2012), Table 1. 2 Petroleum Marketing Monthly 31.22 27.97 25.99 41.47 13.16 68.37 70.91 53.92 85.44 12.11 63.11 57.17 70.88 36.03 37.95 37.09 12.16 29.44 60.50 25.72 24.25 12.41 21.72 50.82 19.88 38.46 14.07 49.48 12.08 21.90 48.28 24.82 21.00 14.50 19.40 43.80 20.62 23.76 40.80 24.99 30.11 22.23 48.86 90.60 Real 1968-1973—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates. The cost of domest R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R • Sources: purchase value. The cost of imported crude oil was derived by adding an estimated ocean transport co 1976-1977—FEA, Form FEA-P110-M-1, "Refiners’ Monthly Cost Allocation Report." Energy Administration (FEA), Form FEA-96, "Monthly Cost Allocation Report." crude oil was derived by adding estimated transportation costs to the reported average domestic fir Energy Information Administration (EIA), published by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The composite cost was derived by weighting domestic cos based on the published "Average Freight Rate Assessment" to the average "Free Alongside Ship" valu forward—EIA, and imported costs on the basis of quantities produced and imported. Imported 1 4.08 2.90 2.80 2.96 3.17 3.22 21.76 13.48 33.89 75.88 13.93 59.17 92.77 14.56 67.04 37.05 21.67 14.57 14.00 59.02 26.99 18.13 35.90 33.55 27.71 23.71 15.51 18.70 22.00 29.30 27.70 17.26 18.08 12.04 28.88 18.53 14.53 20.64 18.20 12.52 17.14 16.14 48.86 102.70 Nominal U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 26.24 14.57 31.68 19.60 23.40 43.26 50.70 70.24 21.24 54.22 14.82 14.58 24.98 24.32 25.28 90.69 23.17 65.68 47.70 65.57 56.29 15.40 21.29 21.98 31.26 13.77 27.40 24.98 20.61 60.66 32.58 32.81 50.08 40.26 25.68 26.82 23.53 25.83 14.40 24.89 14.22 26.74 52.94 88.87 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Domestic 1 3.46 4.17 3.68 3.37 3.21 3.67 8.84 9.55 8.39 7.18 19.61 24.33 52.94 28.87 29.11 17.76 24.23 19.33 15.67 62.62 29.82 10.61 17.90 14.82 26.66 17.33 77.96 69.65 13.18 28.53 31.22 18.63 17.87 34.33 22.59 14.27 98.47 16.67 38.97 14.74 20.77 59.49 24.65 100.74 Nominal See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices for updated monthly and annual • See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. • E E E E E E In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 2 1 Note: Costs are for crude oil to refiners, including transportation and other fees; they do not include R=Revised. E=Estimate. Web Pages: able 5.21 Crude Oil Refiner Acquisition Costs, 1968-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. Year 982 983 989 981 996 978 008 997 974 002 990 ll refiners’ purchases. 972 976 005 000 977 009 984 985 975 988 979 971 006 969 992 003 010 986 995 ata. 999 987 968 970 001 991 007 011 993 994 973 980 998 004 rude oil purchased for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The cost for each category and for the composite (Dollars per Barrel) s derived by dividing the sum of the total purchasing (acquisition) costs of all refiners by the total volume of 1 D 1 2 1 c 2 i 2 a 1 2 2 1 d 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 1 2

188 2010 Propane No. 2 2008 Distillate Fuel Oil Residual 2006 2004 Motor Gasoline 2002 2000 1998 1996 3.50 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 Source: Table 5.22. Dolllars¹ per Gallon, Excluding Taxes To End Users 2010 Propane No. 2 2008 Distillate Oil Fuel Residual U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2006 2004 2002 Motor Gasoline 2000 1998 1996 2.00 0.00 0.50 3.50 3.00 2.50 1.50 1.00 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 1 Dollars¹ per Gallon, Excluding Taxes 168 To Resellers Figure 5.22 Refiner Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 1995-2011

189 al 169 2, et 6 803 .739 .091 .481 .440 .598 .587 W - 2011 1.709 1.467 2.801 2.389 2.736 3 2.867 3.467 2.401 2.257 2.316 3.223 3.61 3.165 3.050 3.021 2.893 3.283 3. 3.049 3.065 2.907 3.014 3.117 3.034 3.119 2.336 3.193 2.847 3.025 3.054 .344 .382 .339 .359 W -.129 W 2010 1.481 1.212 1.756 1.920 2.874 2.705 2.165 1.713 1.619 1.679 2.416 3.028 2.346 2.301 2.270 2.536 2.185 2.573 3.063 2.146 2.147 2.299 2.201 2.314 2.208 2.185 2.318 1.697 2.462 2.214 (April 2012), Tables 1, .921 .328 .355 .295 .307 W -.070 2009 1.220 1.413 1.337 2.480 1.767 2.141 1.341 1.561 1.344 1.306 1.997 2.050 1.888 1.958 1.784 2.442 2.122 2.675 1.856 1.962 1.719 1.747 1.840 1.713 1.657 1.707 1.844 1.834 1.704 1.342 .453 .330 .714 .764 W -.390 2008 1.892 1.918 2.144 3.342 2.586 2.983 1.964 1.437 2.157 1.889 1.843 2.746 3.283 2.775 2.712 3.273 2.610 2.748 2.965 2.879 3.150 2.745 3.143 2.570 1.866 3.052 3.020 2.986 2.851 2.970 2.994 .553 .572 .564 .553 W -.268 2007 1.489 1.436 1.406 2.758 2.286 2.182 1.374 1.194 1.551 1.314 1.350 2.345 2.430 2.315 2.849 2.245 2.552 2.263 2.357 2.438 2.241 2.203 2.249 2.165 2.072 1.350 2.266 2.190 2.171 2.161 2.267 Petroleum Marketing Monthly .530 .535 .557 .527 W -.298 2006 1.358 1.342 1.202 2.490 2.137 1.969 1.218 1.031 1.395 1.173 1.085 2.682 2.320 2.016 2.213 2.244 2.044 2.128 2.117 2.099 1.982 2.007 2.091 1.834 2.096 1.950 1.998 1.991 1.961 1.136 2.012 .933 .484 .842 .974 .474 .971 .524 .527 W -.225 2005 1.089 1.115 1.168 2.076 1.670 1.832 1.048 1.377 2.231 1.802 1.957 1.893 1.789 1.801 1.708 1.829 1.992 1.735 1.757 1.723 1.786 1.705 1.737 1.777 1.720 1.654 1.623 .839 .751 .367 .764 .835 .601 .692 .408 .681 .739 .298 .328 -.199 2004 1.627 1.262 1.288 1.017 1.033 1.596 1.435 1.499 1.819 1.160 1.408 1.289 1.404 1.340 1.178 1.269 1.271 1.235 1.173 1.125 1.243 1.187 1.207 1.208 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices for updated monthly and annu • .607 .577 .281 .793 .856 .728 .804 .588 .651 .942 .955 .981 .944 .883 .881 .698 .661 .933 .203 .323 .882 .192 .871 .872 -.018 2003 1.288 1.017 1.002 1.156 1.218 1.224 1.305 1.493 1.113 1.033 1.123 1.061 See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. • A volume weighted average of the refiner prices to resellers for aviation gasoline, kerosene-type j .431 .419 .657 .663 .216 .640 .546 .544 .508 .694 .569 .828 .144 .718 .530 .762 .828 .752 .254 .806 .737 .759 .724 .721 .716 .142 .990 .947 .885 .805 .928 .912 -.044 6 2002 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, W=Value withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Web Pages: 1.146 1.288 1.088 1.010 data. 4, 6, and 16. fuel, kerosene, motor gasoline, distillate fuel nos. 1, 2, and 4, and residual fuel oil. .540 .506 .297 .679 .697 .642 .523 .428 .492 .775 .829 .840 .821 .886 .340 .779 .842 .865 .756 .233 .476 .902 .531 .775 .763 .217 .997 .883 .980 .945 -.070 2001 1.256 1.032 1.045 1.100 1.323 1.175 .595 .603 .778 .769 .261 .627 .708 .512 .566 .927 .602 .963 .290 .934 .886 .898 .988 .935 .566 .969 .942 .896 .223 .899 .207 .880 -.107 2000 1.330 1.013 1.073 1.242 1.168 1.123 1.019 1.055 1.106 1.306 .458 .342 .189 .430 .474 .405 .382 .329 .362 .228 .580 .621 .742 .374 .546 .550 .493 .696 .536 .119 .354 .726 .645 .605 .835 .620 .584 .558 .781 .906 .634 .533 .543 .116 -.063 1999 1.007 1.059 .288 .405 .428 .383 .195 .299 .354 .287 .269 .482 .513 .728 .305 .492 .465 .228 .280 .551 .444 .617 .494 .439 .422 .630 .526 .576 .141 .805 .501 .499 .673 .975 .452 .450 .152 -.018 1998 0.912 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .416 .552 .565 .200 .551 .415 .488 .366 .403 .973 .745 .700 .642 .798 .247 .673 .149 .749 .895 .590 .642 .602 .792 .423 .839 .653 .689 .723 .606 .387 .636 .613 .613 .160 -.066 1997 1.128 1.065 .605 .461 .603 .603 .194 .456 .526 .389 .433 .896 .455 .726 .639 .673 .803 .847 .220 .740 .160 .714 .420 .653 .713 .972 .751 .759 .680 .659 .685 .807 .681 .651 .646 .153 -.072 1996 1.055 1.116 .344 .492 .181 .505 .463 .383 .436 .377 .338 .216 .670 .620 .589 .530 .765 .890 .562 .625 .808 .626 .511 .363 .580 .722 .120 .392 .560 .538 .717 .593 .560 .129 .539 .540 -.048 1995 0.975 1.005 per Gallon, Excluding Taxes) 1 2 2 ... ... 5 ... ... 4 4 4 4 Product ... ... ... 6 3 3 Sales for resale (wholesale sales) are those made to purchasers who are other than ultimate In this table, refiner margin is the difference between the composite refiner acquisition price of crude Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Includes No. 4 fuel oil and No. 4 diesel fuel. Sulfur content by weight. 3 2 4 5 1 able 5.22 Refiner Sales Prices and Refiner Margins for Selected Petroleum Products, 1995-2011 efiner Margins ales Prices to End Users: ales Prices to Resellers: il (see Table 5.21) and the price to resellers. ustomers, such as agriculture, industry, and utilities, as well as residential and commercial customers. onsumers. Sales to end users are those made directly to the ultimate consumer, including bulk (Dollars No. 2 Fuel Oil ... Aviation Gasoline ... Jet Fuel, Kerosene-Type ... Jet Fuel, Kerosene-Type ... Sulfur > 1% Residual Fuel Oil ... Unleaded Regular ... Kerosene ... No. 2 Diesel Fuel ... Residual Fuel Oil ... Aviation Gasoline ... No. 2 Distillate ... No. 1 Distillate ... No. 4 Fuel Unleaded Premium ... Motor Gasoline ... No. 1 Distillate ... Unleaded Regular ... No. 2 Distillate ... No. 2 Fuel Oil ... No. 4 Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) ... No. 2 Diesel Fuel ... Motor Gasoline ... No. 2 Distillate ... Sulfur > 1% Motor Gasoline ... Unleaded Premium ... Residual Fuel Oil ... Composite Kerosene ... Unleaded Midgrade ... Jet Fuel, Kerosene-Type ... Sulfur <= 1% Propane (Consumer Grade) ... Unleaded Midgrade ... Sulfur <= 1% R c c o S S T

190 1.98 2.54 Propane Premium Unleaded 1.23 2.35 (Consumer Grade) 2 1.73 2.36 Fuel Oil Residual Unleaded Midgrade 1.73 2.18 Conventional 4 2.31 2.39 Midgrade Unleaded No. 2 Diesel 2.18 2.20 Fuel, High Sulfur 3 To End Users 2.38 2.36 Source: Table 5.23. - - = Not applicable. Note: Data are preliminary. To End Users Regular Unleaded No. 2 Diesel 2.18 2.19 Reformulated Fuel, Low Sulfur To Resellers To Resellers 2 2.42 2.27 Fuel Regular Unleaded No. 2 Diesel 2.22 Conventional 2.13 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2.80 2.29 Regular Unleaded (- -) 2.15 No. 2 Distillate Fuel Oil to Residences 2.45 2.32 No. 2 Distillate All Finished 2.22 2.17 Motor Gasoline Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. Includes oxygenated motor gasoline. > 15 and <= 500 parts per million. > 500 parts per million. 2.00 1.50 1.00 3.00 2.50 0.00 0.50 3.00 0.00 1.00 1.50 2.00 0.50 2.50 4 3 2 1 Dollars¹ per Gallon (Excluding Taxes) Dollars¹ per Gallon (Excluding Taxes) Motor Gasoline, Selected Grades 170 Distillate Fuel Oil, Residual Fuel Oil, and Propane Figure 5.23 All Sellers Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 2010

191 171 , , l, 50 96 51 729 727 3 3 3 3 3 3 .390 .219 .542 .290 () () () () () () 2.357 2.176 2.133 2.504 2.327 2.267 2.222 2.423 1.662 1.694 1.226 2.381 2.180 2.798 1.812 1.953 2.3 2.1 2.1 2 1.976 2 2 2 1. 1. 2.169 2.607 2.494 2.449 2.376 2.216 2.358 2.187 2.316 2.415 2.275 2.308 2.177 2010 3 3 3 3 3 3 8 99 93 27 944 903 994 3 3 3 3 3 3 .964 .196 .077 .955 () () () () () () 1.934 1.777 1.732 1.842 1.932 2.082 1.922 1.742 1.312 1.337 1.648 1.913 2.386 1.349 1.422 1.8 1. 1. 1. 2 1.753 1.7 1.803 1.867 2.124 1.730 1.959 1.777 1.91 1.969 2 1 1.7 1.340 1.341 1.773 1.724 1.865 2009 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 .587 () () () () () () 2.743 2.731 2.564 2.816 2.935 2.611 3.022 3.233 1.896 1.821 1.455 2.983 3.232 3.219 1.898 2.098 2.772 2.757 2.807 2.730 2.583 2.245 2.975 3.230 3.013 2.846 2.961 2.936 2.749 2.750 3.222 2.636 2.570 3.004 1.944 1.851 2.887 3.187 2 2008 3 3 3 3 3 3 Petroleum Marketing Annua 3 3 3 3 3 3 () () () () () () (April 2011); EIA, Form EIA-782A 2.145 2.497 2.235 2.297 2.389 2.330 2.258 2.386 1.354 1.314 1.206 2.317 2.211 2.592 1.377 1.445 2.407 2.338 2.357 2.311 2.365 2.476 2.313 2.165 2.584 2.252 2.215 1.888 2.412 2.362 2.230 2.208 2.348 2.529 1.376 1.342 2.187 1.959 2.186 2007 3 3 3 3 3 3 1.087 1.175 1.041 2.183 2.045 2.365 2.151 2.263 2.073 2.083 1.992 1.930 2.049 2.076 1.999 1.951 2.138 1.205 1.322 2.127 2.121 2.181 2.168 1.999 1.727 2.024 2.273 2.022 2.303 2.165 2.122 2.098 2.176 2.183 2.029 1.956 2.373 1.141 1.212 2.084 1.915 2.236 1.973 2006 NA NA .985 .899 .939 1.899 1.761 2.052 1.855 1.697 1.639 1.756 1.789 1.958 1.761 1.768 1.667 1.682 1.824 1.107 1.148 1.844 1.828 1.861 1.790 1.895 2.043 1.945 1.877 1.530 1.727 1.807 1.719 1.792 1.659 1.708 1.886 1.754 1.988 1.041 1.006 1.833 1.704 1.915 1.675 2005 NA NA .740 .794 .687 .638 .682 .725 .761 1.325 1.197 1.548 1.453 1.538 1.373 1.304 1.351 1.241 1.414 1.390 1.289 1.459 1.305 1.410 1.467 1.423 1.478 1.580 1.307 1.399 1.569 1.482 1.339 1.400 1.316 1.338 1.339 1.660 1.271 1.178 1.191 1.281 1.146 1.568 1.288 NA NA 2004 Petroleum Marketing Monthly .895 .950 .732 .785 .621 .651 .696 .675 .982 .891 .891 .615 .870 .986 1.014 1.355 1.166 1.245 1.055 1.082 1.015 1.142 1.131 1.193 1.031 1.043 1.150 1.189 1.135 1.183 1.282 1.277 1.355 1.195 1.105 1.058 1.058 1.108 1.008 1.056 1.150 1.307 1.001 2003 NA NA 2010—EIA, • .738 .841 .985 .794 .901 .852 .897 .952 .964 .858 .548 .612 .885 .540 .502 .986 .943 .949 .952 .886 .526 .856 .561 .929 .728 .837 .813 .874 .735 .915 .958 .440 .822 .712 1.129 1.063 1.031 1.081 1.002 1.116 1.042 1.128 0.832 2002 NA NA 1994-2009—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • .917 .794 .968 .933 .838 .901 .947 .965 .542 .620 .438 .498 .912 .948 .980 .993 .930 .945 .868 .496 .785 .791 .533 .556 .771 .892 1.250 1.052 1.119 1.020 1.120 1.059 1.217 1.154 1.156 1.022 1.051 1.086 1.054 1.022 1.094 1.218 0.888 NA NA 2001 Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/. NA=Not available. Note: Data for this table are not available for 2011. annual reports. "Refiners’/Gas Plant Operators’ Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report"; and EIA, Form EIA-782B "Resellers’/Retailers’ Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." .909 .977 .918 .683 .638 .576 .523 .946 .609 .904 .901 .579 .603 .875 .981 1.014 1.311 1.122 1.013 1.044 1.192 1.185 1.016 1.021 1.118 1.119 1.055 1.080 1.117 1.006 1.091 1.197 1.267 1.044 1.006 1.146 1.109 1.063 1.014 1.218 1.048 1.279 0.966 2000 NA NA .663 .557 .876 .658 .688 .596 .708 .856 .787 .695 .690 .782 .779 .406 .382 .853 .333 .366 .758 .777 .724 .787 .728 .812 .880 .694 .621 .676 .378 .538 .355 .654 .869 .552 .931 .678 .762 .781 .354 .519 .620 .940 0.645 1999 NA NA .565 .457 .852 .550 .695 .484 .587 .769 .610 .575 .694 .305 .356 .763 .599 .674 .292 .271 .623 .579 .671 .311 .562 .599 .651 .632 .454 .711 .284 .660 .748 .786 .504 .450 .551 .822 .618 .297 .774 .555 .437 .845 0.530 1998 NA NA .719 .619 .984 .865 .785 .764 .939 .723 .658 .791 .424 .472 .887 .754 .964 .856 .407 .375 .794 .429 .801 .797 .845 .714 .753 .725 .955 .831 .988 .880 .677 .616 .751 .822 .611 .915 .396 .426 .878 .698 .602 1.054 0.703 1997 NA NA U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .673 .767 .989 .950 .801 .874 .737 .672 .777 .789 .861 .929 .851 .461 .529 .745 .430 .397 .660 .804 .757 .689 .962 .427 .809 .851 .916 .802 .667 .843 .733 .833 .991 .464 .793 .885 .760 .471 .886 .639 .732 1.019 0.715 1996 NA NA .645 .551 .867 .871 .695 .793 .583 .651 .714 .773 .938 .838 .383 .433 .711 .662 .787 .376 .344 .536 .673 .646 .719 .636 .779 .761 .721 .829 .397 .599 .914 .741 .883 .366 .546 .724 .673 .802 .354 .766 .614 .524 0.630 1995 NA NA .642 .542 .884 .633 .846 .565 .766 .685 .686 .350 .821 .757 .737 .627 .403 .908 .689 .298 .327 .538 .628 .729 .937 .690 .722 .696 .743 .571 .632 .851 .529 .358 .769 .322 .852 .675 .641 .770 .336 .776 .519 .598 0.602 NA NA 1994 ) ... ) ... 4 4 ... per Gallon, Excluding Taxes) ) ... ) ... 1 4 4 6 ) ... ) ... 2 4 4 2 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Product 3 3 3 3 3 3 ... ... 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 Sales for resale (wholesale sales) are those made to purchasers who are other than ultimate Sulfur content by weight. Parts per million. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. See Note 5, "Historical Residential Heating Oil Prices," at end of section for historical data. Beginning in 2007, oxygenated motor gasoline is included with conventional motor gasoline. 6 5 4 3 2 1 able 5.23 All Sellers Sales Prices for Selected Petroleum Products, 1994-2010 ales Prices to End Users ales Prices to Resellers onsumers. Sales to end users are those made directly to the ultimate consumer, including bulk ustomers, such as agriculture, industry, and utilities, as well as residential and commercial customers. (Dollars High Sulfur (> 500 ppm Sulfur <= 1% Oxygenated Ultra-Low Sulfur (<= 15 ppm Oxygenated Unleaded Regular ... Propane (Consumer Grade) ... Reformulated ... No. 2 Distillate ... Unleaded Premium ... Unleaded Regular ... Propane (Consumer Grade) ... No. 2 Diesel Fuel ... Reformulated ... Conventional Residual Fuel Oil ... Motor Gasoline ... Reformulated ... Low Sulfur (> 15 and <= 500 ppm Unleaded Midgrade ... Conventional Unleaded Midgrade ... Oxygenated Motor Gasoline ... Oxygenated Conventional Sulfur > 1% Conventional No. 2 Distillate ... Low Sulfur (> 15 and <= 500 ppm Reformulated ... Conventional Sulfur > 1% Sulfur <= 1% Conventional Ultra-Low Sulfur (<= 15 ppm Oxygenated High Sulfur (> 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil ... Oxygenated No. 2 Diesel Fuel ... Reformulated ... No. 2 Distillate to Residences Unleaded Premium ... Reformulated ... S c c S T

192 5 2010 3.840 Real Price Consumption Diesel Fuel On-Highway 2005 2000 3.521 All Areas ttainment areas designated by the Environ- 1995 4 3.616 1990 Reformulated Gasoline Areas Regular Motor Gasoline 1985 3.476 Conventional Gasoline Areas³ 1980 “Reformulated Gasoline Areas” are ozone nona All grades, in chained (2005) dollars. 1.50 4.50 3.00 0.00 Sources: Tables 5.11 and 5.24. 5 4 1.5 2.5 2.0 0.0 1.0 0.5 Nominal Dollars² per Gallon Index: 1978=1.0 mental Protection Agency that require the use of reformulated gasoline. Regular Motor Gasoline by Area Type and On-Highway Diesel Fuel, 2011 Motor Gasoline Price and Consumption, 1978-2011, Indexed to 1978 2010 2010 2000 2005 Premium Unleaded Regular Unleaded U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2000 1990 1 Nominal² Real ng gross domestic product implicit price defla- 1995 1980 1990 1970 1985 1960 Leaded Regular 1980 1950 See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by usi Any area that does not require the sale of reformulated gasoline. 3.00 2.00 1.00 4.00 0.00 4.00 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 2 3 1 Dollars per Gallon Nominal Dollars² per Gallon tors in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. 172 Motor Gasoline by Grade, 1949-2011 Motor Gasoline, All Grades, 1978-2011 Figure 5.24 Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices

193 173 il ," ly al s. 9. m 4, 5 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.109 1.491 1.044 1.235 1.121 1.198 3.803 1.509 1.319 2.885 2.992 2.705 2.467 1.401 1.810 3.840 2.402 Nominal Diesel Fuel On-Highway 5 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.030 1.199 1.199 1.111 1.484 1.136 1.075 1.067 1.098 1.087 3.246 1.561 2.572 1.420 1.345 2.782 2.796 2.353 1.852 2.270 3.521 All Areas Nominal U.S. City Average Gasoline Price 3,4 5 EIA, weighted annual averages of data fro NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Platt’s Oil Price Handbook and Oilmanac, 197 1.195 1.543 1.242 1.078 1.252 1.163 1.498 2.864 2.857 2.433 3.314 2.654 1.655 1.408 1.937 2.335 3.616 4 4 4 4 4 4 Nominal Reformulated Gasoline Areas 1,2 1949-1973— • 5 EIA, weighted annual averages of data from "Weekly U.S. Reta Regular Motor Gasoline by Area Type NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.067 1.072 1.192 1.189 1.116 1.017 1.103 1.462 2.315 1.384 3.213 1.087 2.742 2.767 2.533 1.516 1.098 1.313 1.812 3.476 2.240 On-Highway Diesel Fuel: 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Nominal Conventional Gasoline Areas 6 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices for updated monthly and annu NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.406 1.549 2.682 1.469 2.310 1.612 2.188 2.588 1.477 1.554 1.941 2.555 2.003 1.478 1.598 1.762 2.553 1.740 1.303 2.125 1.563 1.476 1.523 2.555 1.684 1.498 2.014 3.055 1.687 1.525 1.438 1.987 2.338 3.155 • Real 1974 forward—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), annual averages of month R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R • Motor Gasoline by Grade: See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#petroleum for all annual data beginning in 194 5 • All Grades Sources: Web Pages: Note: See "Motor Gasoline Grades," "Motor Gasoline, Conventional," "Motor Gasoline, Oxygenated .964 .931 .957 .882 .652 See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R data from the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, "Weekly Retail On-Highway Diesel Prices." • and "Motor Gasoline, Reformulated" in Glossary. Regular Motor Gasoline by Area Type: Gasoline Prices, Regular Grade." data. 51st Edition. 1.353 3.317 1.174 1.217 1.531 1.196 2.401 1.291 1.173 1.060 1.221 1.225 1.205 2.849 1.115 1.563 1.441 1.288 1.281 1.196 1.190 1.198 2.836 1.221 1.923 2.635 1.638 2.338 3.577 Nominal 6 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.284 1.563 1.765 2.745 1.663 1.637 2.855 1.686 1.718 2.812 1.722 1.908 2.399 2.551 1.720 1.461 1.651 1.673 1.699 2.376 1.632 2.174 1.867 1.826 3.241 1.688 1.888 2.137 2.717 2.491 3.345 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 7,R 5 Unleaded Premium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.470 1.415 1.413 1.340 3.033 1.357 1.693 1.556 1.316 1.657 1.383 1.093 1.349 1.336 1.416 1.777 1.366 1.085 2.805 3.519 2.068 2.607 1.305 1.321 1.250 1.107 3.047 1.302 1.197 2.491 3.792 7 Nominal U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 6 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.611 1.342 1.472 2.508 1.471 1.473 1.729 2.636 1.480 2.637 2.153 1.524 2.605 3.008 1.942 1.391 1.610 1.736 1.458 2.142 2.026 1.690 1.406 2.512 2.062 1.411 1.463 1.702 1.237 2.337 1.415 1.950 1.657 1.469 3.111 2.295 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Motor Gasoline by Grade 5 Unleaded Regular .614 .670 .927 .903 .948 .656 .946 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.022 1.164 1.378 1.245 1.212 1.296 1.202 1.241 2.801 2.788 2.350 1.510 1.127 2.589 1.165 1.108 2.295 3.527 1.880 1.234 3.266 1.112 1.591 1.147 1.059 1.358 1.231 1.140 1.461 R Nominal 6 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.646 1.753 1.590 2.508 1.887 1.661 2.492 1.688 1.361 1.809 1.433 1.467 1.848 1.565 1.957 1.551 1.384 1.829 1.671 2.203 1.342 2.009 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 5 Leaded Regular .900 .627 .997 .357 .312 .268 .590 .567 .857 .291 .311 .857 .897 .622 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R R R 1.158 1.129 1.115 1.311 1.222 1.149 1.191 0.268 R Nominal In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table "Reformulated Gasoline Areas" are ozone nonattainment areas designated by the Environmental For 1995–2000, data collected for combined oxygenated and reformulated areas are included in The 1981 average price is based on September through December data only. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. For 1993–2000, data collected for oxygenated areas are included in "Conventional Gasoline Areas." Any area that does not require the sale of reformulated gasoline. 7 1 6 5 2 4 3 R=Revised. NA=Not available. able 5.24 Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. rotection Agency that require the use of reformulated gasoline. Year 970 955 989 010 990 009 960 988 978 997 011 008 991 965 000 985 007 992 983 950 006 979 999 998 993 005 949 975 982 994 980 987 986 004 995 003 976 981 977 002 996 001 984 (Dollars per Gallon) Reformulated Gasoline Areas." 2 1 1 " 1 1 1 1 2 D 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 P T 1

194 . ry input of natural Petroleum Market- Annual Energy Review Crude oil domestic first Residential heating oil prices 1986—83.6; and 1987—80.3. The to stills, net unfinished oil reruns at per day at the U.S. level from 7,268 oil reruns, and refine The methods of deriving Gross Input 1968—17.4; 1969—17.8; 1970—18.5; 1974—36.0; 1975—37.7; 1976—40.6; 1962—15.6; 1963—16.0; 1964—16.1; 1976 forward, weighted averages of all 1980—97.4; 1981—119.4; 1982—116.0; 1980, GIDU is published annual data; and line and plant condensate from natural gas llows: for 1949-1973, weighted average port are as follows: for 1949-1966, GIDU is onitoring Report”; October 1977–December , Table 15. first purchasers’ purchases. 1965—16.0; 1966—16.4; 1967—16.9; ing Annual 1983—107.8; 1984—109.1; 1985—105.3; sources of these data are: 1956-1974—Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Retail Prices and Indexes of Fuels and Utilities for Residential Usage,” monthly; January 1971—19.6; 1972—19.7; 1973—22.8; 1977—46.0; 1978—49.0; 1979—70.4; “No. 2 Heating Oil Supply/Price M 1975–September 1977—Federal Energy Administration, Form FEA-P112-M-1, 1977—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-9, “No. 2 Heat- Those data, in cents per gallon, are: 1956—15.2; 1957—16.0; 1958—15.1; 1959—15.3; 1960—15.0; 1961—15.6; ing Oil Supply/Price Monitoring Report”; 1978 forward—EIA, for 1956 through 1987 were formerly published in the Note 5. Historical Residential Heating Oil Prices. domestic first purchase values as reported by State agencies and calculated by the Bureau of Mines; for 1974 and 1975, weighted averages of a sample survey of major first purchasers’ purchases; for purchase prices were derived as fo thousand barrels per day to 7,376 thousand barrels per day. Note 3. Gross Input to Distillation Units. gasoline and plant condensate; for 1974- Note 4. Crude Oil Domestic First Purchase Prices. for 1981 forward, GIDU is the sum of reported monthly data. annual crude oil runs to stills, net unfinished processing plants to refineries; for 1967-1973, GIDU is estimated by summing refineries, and shipments of natural gaso to Distillation Units (GIDU) in this re the reported quantity 108 thousand barrels gasoline adjustment method to gasoline product supplied data for 1992 increased estimated by summing annual crude oil runs Petroleum reflect new develop- U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 s were changed to the last half of 1980 would have averaged adjustment was introduced for calculating Production and Product Supplied Statis- Beginning in January 1981, several U.S. Energy Information Administration fuel oil, and residual fuel oil, and stocks of motor gasoline. On the basis of those Distillate and residual fuel oil production and product supplied for all of 1980 would 289 thousand barrels per day higher than that which was published on the old basis. new adjustment transferred product supplied for motor gasoline blending compo- changes, motor gasoline production during have averaged, respectively, 105 thousand and 54 thousand barrels per day higher than changes affect production and product supplied statistics for motor gasoline, distillate ments in refinery and blending plant practices and to improve data integrity. Those finished motor gasoline product supplied beginning with data for January 1993. The the numbers that were published. A new nents and fuel ethanol to supply of finished motor gasoline. Applying the new Note 1. Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption. 174 Petroleum until January 1983. From January 1983 through December 2010, crude oil prod- tics. Sales) and from EIA electric power sector petroleum consumption data (see U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) report Fuel Oil and Kerosene sales to ultimate consumers by refiners, marketers, distributors, and dealers (see Tables 5.13a-5.13d for products used in more than one sector is derived from supplied was assumed equal to zero. The sector allocation of product supplied in crude oil used directly on Form EIA-813 was discontinued, and crude oil product “Monthly Crude Oil Report.” Beginning with data for January 2010, reporting uct supplied was reported based on quantities reported on Form EIA-813 Tables 8.7b and 8.7c). was reported as product supplied for either distillate fuel oil or residual fuel oil finished petroleum products. Crude oil burned on leases and at pipeline stations gas plant liquids, unfinished oils, aviation gasoline blending components, and minus stock change plus adjustments. Total products supplied include natural renewable fuels and oxygenates production plus processing gain plus net imports consumption. Petroleum products supplied is calculated as field production plus product supplied (see Table 5.11) is used as an approximation of petroleum survey forms and calculation methodologie Note 2. Changes Affecting Petroleum

195 6. Natural Gas

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197 r 177 nes (primarily in compressors), and as fuel in are derived from source data prior to rounding fo Notes: • Data are preliminary. • Values Sources: Tables 6.1, 6.2, and 6.5. Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipeli the delivery of natural gas to consumers; plus a small quantity used as vehicle fuel. 4 publication. • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Lease and plant fuel, and other industrial. Includes natural gas gross withdrawals from coalbed wells and shale gas wells. Quantities lost and imbalances in data due to differences among data sources. 3 2 1 Figure 6.0 Natural Gas Flow, 2011

198 2010 24.4 Consumption 2005 Additions to Storage² Withdrawals from Storage² 1.5 2000 Exports 1995 3.5 Imports 1990 23.0 1985 Production¹ 0 5 25 20 15 10 30 Trillion Cubic Feet Source: Table 6.1. 1980 Overview, 2011 2010 1975 Production¹ Net Imports Consumption 2000 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1965 cludes liquefied natural gas in above-ground 1980 1960 1970 1955 1960 1950 1950 0 5 -5 -5 1 2 4 3 0 30 25 15 10 20 Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Underground storage. For 1980-2010, also in Dry gas. tanks. Overview, 1949-2011 2 1 178 Storage Additions and Withdrawals, 1949-2011 Figure 6.1 Natural Gas Overview

199 179 . , : e d in et y: or 6 F. F ° 5,767 4,971 8,694 22,246 22,737 21,247 22,207 22,609 20,790 22,239 22,277 22,405 18,030 21,139 19,521 19,538 17,281 19,627 15,280 16,835 20,241 11,967 19,946 19,877 17,951 16,221 19,404 17,211 18,001 23,333 19,119 20,228 19,174 22,014 23,027 21,699 23,775 23,104 23,277 24,369 19,562 22,403 22,910 7 7 7 7 P R R R R R R R R Balancing Item Consumption Storage Activit 1980-2006—U.S • 2007 forward—EIA • 5 2 R 27 99 44 65 -41 R 657 139 871 860 401 396 101 176 307 103 236 461 -175 -139 -119 -453 -247 -228 -287 -319 -235 -703 -428 -274 -216 -372 -493 -537 -444 -640 -217 -500 -306 -290 -203 -213 -103 Table 6.3. R R R P R R R R annual reports. Balancing Item Trade: 4 Totals may not equal sum of components du • F. 2 ° -6 80 24 52 34 59 23 -36 -66 -54 -68 -13 415 326 173 172 192 467 829 447 165 235 Supplemental Gaseous Fuels: R -530 -286 -114 -197 -436 -513 -248 -120 -118 -132 -398 -557 -344 -147 -308 -197 -297 -355 -348 P -1,166 2011—EIA, NGM (March 2012), Table 8. • Net Withdrawals Natural Gas Annual (NGA), Table 6.2. (March 2012), Table 1. Activity 1 Table 6.5. 172 230 505 844 2,528 2,599 2,835 2,865 2,610 2,979 2,870 2,961 2,672 3,055 2,721 3,510 2,713 3,358 3,202 2,636 2,963 3,183 3,385 2,499 2,211 2,295 1,078 2,104 1,857 2,278 2,307 1,756 1,822 2,472 2,163 1,949 2,228 2,295 1,911 1,984 3,362 3,523 3,324 P R Additions Storage See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#naturalgas for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#naturalgas for all annual data beginning • Consumption: Dry Gas Production: Beginning with 1965, all volumes are shown on a pressure base of 14.73 p.s.i.a. at 60 • 175 106 437 960 713 See http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/ for related information. • 2,579 2,432 2,894 2,981 3,025 2,854 2,799 2,772 2,752 3,550 3,375 3,088 3,107 3,180 2,808 3,420 2,527 2,344 3,161 2,270 1,986 2,047 1,459 1,750 2,158 1,921 1,760 2,397 1,930 2,164 2,098 1,972 2,270 1,837 1,905 3,007 3,175 3,311 P R Notes: Web Pages: Sources: Withdrawals 1949-2010—EIA, NGA, annual reports. • Energy Information Administration (EIA), withdrawals. 1949. Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) to independent rounding. annual data. Calculated as consumption minus dry gas production, supplemental gaseous fuels, net imports, and n prior years, the pressure base was 14.65 p.s.i.a. at 60 3 -20 -26 -20 751 955 880 144 430 913 899 894 689 864 939 845 882 936 788 1,275 2,687 2,837 2,210 2,993 2,784 1,921 2,462 1,644 3,404 3,612 3,422 3,264 3,499 3,538 3,604 3,462 3,785 3,021 1,447 1,220 1,198 2,679 2,604 1,946 P R Net Imports 20 26 86 74 31 56 73 53 65 70 56 26 11 55 52 55 49 61 54 59 55 159 157 216 162 140 129 153 154 107 680 244 516 854 822 729 373 724 963 163 Trade 1,072 1,507 1,137 P R Exports U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 0 0 11 966 964 456 953 156 821 950 993 985 918 904 843 750 933 2,994 3,152 2,624 1,773 1,294 2,937 2,350 2,841 2,138 1,382 1,532 1,253 1,011 3,944 3,586 4,259 4,608 3,782 3,984 4,186 4,015 3,977 4,341 3,751 3,741 3,453 P R Imports 2 66 60 86 61 63 64 90 68 68 98 65 65 61 P R 123 101 110 110 132 155 119 109 102 101 111 113 103 176 126 118 113 145 107 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Supplemental Gaseous Fuels 5,195 9,029 6,022 18,599 18,928 18,591 18,854 15,286 17,466 21,014 16,621 19,403 19,099 19,181 20,159 17,698 18,504 19,163 19,098 18,902 17,311 18,821 17,810 19,122 17,103 12,228 18,832 19,236 19,663 19,024 18,051 17,840 19,616 19,266 16,454 19,182 16,059 18,095 16,094 17,820 20,624 21,332 23,000 Dry Gas E R R Production Quantities lost and imbalances in data due to differences among data sources. Since 1980, excludes Net withdrawals equal withdrawals minus additions. Minus sign indicates additions are greater than For 1989–1992, a small amount of consumption at independent power producers may be counted in See Note 1, "Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," at end of section. Net imports equal imports minus exports. Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports. Underground storage. For 1980–2010, also includes liquefied natural gas in above-ground tanks. See Note 2, "Natural Gas Consumption," at end of section. 3 7 4 2 6 5 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. able 6.1 Natural Gas Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ithdrawals. Year 010 965 002 995 007 977 992 981 982 978 988 949 006 983 991 984 998 003 996 960 979 985 009 987 994 986 008 989 000 001 955 975 004 997 ther country). 999 990 976 011 950 oth "Other Industrial" and "Electric Power Sector" on Table 6.5. See Note 3, "Natural Gas Consumption, 005 989–1992," at end of section. 993 980 970 (Billion Cubic Feet) ntransit shipments that cross the U.S.-Canada border (i.e., natural gas delivered to its destination via the 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 o 1 2 1 i 1 1 w 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 b 1 2 T 1 2 1

200 6.2 Crude Oil Wells 22.4 Natural Gas Wells² 0 30 20 10 Source: Table 6.2. Includes natural gas gross withdrawals from coalbed wells and shale gas wells. 2 Trillion Cubic Feet Production Flow, 2011 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Gross Withdrawals by Well Type, 2011 2010 quids, which are trans- 2000 Gross Withdrawals Dry Gas Production U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 of natural gas plant li 1980 1970 1960 1950 5 0 30 10 25 20 15 Trillion Cubic Feet Volume reduction resulting from the removal 1 ferred to petroleum supply. Figure 6.2 Natural Gas Production 180 Gross Withdrawals and Dry Gas Production, 1949-2011

201 181 y s s d A in s: an 9,029 6,022 5,195 2011—EI Natural Ga • 19,616 19,181 17,820 19,182 19,266 16,059 18,928 19,099 16,454 18,591 16,094 18,051 17,698 18,599 18,504 17,311 16,621 17,466 18,902 18,854 17,840 17,103 18,832 19,024 18,821 19,403 17,810 18,095 19,663 19,098 19,163 12,228 19,236 21,014 19,122 15,286 20,159 23,000 21,332 20,624 Dry Gas E R R Production Shale Gas Well 2011—EIA estimate • 1 and 1967-2010—U.S. Energ • 816 800 930 762 790 876 954 775 927 957 886 938 816 964 876 777 906 785 784 958 973 838 889 908 872 835 812 872 808 854 906 852 753 863 543 953 224 260 377 1,016 1,024 1,169 1,070 Loss P R Extraction 2007 forward—EIA, • annual reports. 5,420 6,282 9,405 16,859 20,196 16,884 19,956 20,570 19,517 17,270 19,974 18,582 20,198 19,885 18,532 18,982 17,433 19,961 19,710 18,927 18,594 19,506 19,812 19,410 17,918 20,180 18,095 19,866 18,712 19,805 18,304 16,040 21,921 19,952 20,471 19,974 20,025 12,771 20,109 21,112 22,402 24,170 21,648 Marketed E R R "Natural Gas" chapter. Production 1949-2010—EIA, NGA, annual reports. • 96 95 95 97 93 98 91 99 98 98 143 150 103 284 110 227 170 272 256 124 142 108 129 143 125 168 119 228 153 134 801 774 319 167 489 854 137 563 132 167 165 166 165 E R Vented and Flared Natural Gas Annual (NGA), Minerals Yearbook, All Other Data: Total Gross Withdrawals, Marketed Production, Extraction Loss, 1949-2006—EIA, NGA, annual reports. • 661 289 502 388 412 463 599 222 222 376 276 731 326 208 460 199 615 654 518 505 711 414 499 617 224 337 362 280 719 722 831 837 E R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Natural Gas Wells, Crude Oil Wells, Coalbed Wells, See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#naturalgas for all annual data beginning • Gases Removed Nonhydrocarbon (March 2012), Table 1. See http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/ for related information. • Sources: 1949-1966—Bureau of Mines, 935 861 859 annual data. Monthly Dry Gas Production: based on previous year’s data. estimates based on previous year’s data. 1949. • Information Administration (EIA), 3,663 3,702 2,475 3,265 2,478 3,293 2,208 3,565 3,455 3,700 2,489 3,231 1,838 3,380 1,181 1,273 1,245 3,511 1,915 1,397 2,772 3,427 1,630 1,541 1,365 1,754 2,973 3,548 1,458 1,604 1,388 3,492 3,371 3,103 1,376 1,312 3,639 3,522 3,410 3,432 E R Repressuring F. ° Total 8,480 7,547 24,664 20,272 19,607 24,213 24,501 21,074 23,786 22,726 23,823 20,267 24,108 21,587 21,104 11,720 23,457 24,174 24,119 23,970 15,088 21,523 23,581 23,535 21,870 22,132 18,659 21,883 24,114 20,944 21,097 23,941 17,963 20,140 20,999 23,744 21,750 21,309 19,131 25,636 26,057 28,576 26,836 P R R 2 2 () () NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2,284 3,384 Shale Gas Wells U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Totals may not equal sum of components • F. ° 2 2 () () NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,986 1,780 1,977 Coalbed Wells Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals 4,297 6,448 4,251 6,146 4,463 6,371 6,084 6,035 3,753 5,967 6,380 6,462 4,506 6,369 5,732 3,681 6,233 5,192 3,878 5,985 3,915 5,071 3,723 2,561 5,469 6,237 5,747 4,977 6,376 6,230 5,333 4,234 5,539 3,849 5,366 2,876 5,818 5,532 4,440 4,754 6,199 5,995 5,812 E R R Crude Oil Wells See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#naturalgas for updated monthly and • 4,986 5,603 7,842 17,726 14,535 17,590 17,737 17,191 17,996 14,807 17,472 17,065 15,513 16,018 14,153 15,709 17,729 17,380 17,282 15,618 16,054 16,165 17,885 15,809 17,416 17,337 16,691 17,573 13,524 18,129 17,844 17,394 14,154 17,795 17,351 17,882 18,034 15,467 18,595 10,853 22,378 14,885 20,841 E R 2,R Beginning with 1965 data, all volumes are shown on a pressure base of 14.73 p.s.i.a. at 60 • Natural Gas Wells Beginning in 2010, natural gas gross withdrawals from coalbed wells and shale gas wells are included Volume reduction resulting from the removal of natural gas plant liquids, which are transferred to 2 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. Notes: Web Pages: able 6.2 Natural Gas Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 or prior years, the pressure base was 14.65 p.s.i.a. at 60 Year 001 994 984 011 999 987 955 003 983 991 992 979 970 007 010 985 978 000 997 995 950 977 975 009 949 008 004 988 982 etroleum supply (see Tables 5.1b and 5.10). 998 960 990 006 981 965 993 005 976 989 ue to independent rounding. 980 996 986 002 (Billion Cubic Feet) n "Natural Gas Wells." 1 1 2 i p 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 d 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 F 2 T 1

202 1 2010 2010 2005 Total Exports Total Imports 2005 2000 Imports from Canada 1995 2000 1990 l gas from Egypt, Nigeria, Norway, Qatar, Peru, 1985 1995 1980 1975 1990 1970 1965 1985 1960 5 0 By pipeline, except for very small amounts of liquefied natural gas. By pipeline from Mexico, and as liquefied natura Source: Table 6.3. 4 5 15 20 10 Percent and Yemen. 1980 Net Imports as Share of Consumption, 1958-2011 1975 0.02 Japan³ 5 0.50 Mexico 1970 Exports by Selected Country of Destination U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 0.94 Canada² 1965 4 r 1960 0.22 Othe and 0.13 1955 Trinidad Tobago³ Imports by Selected Country of Origin 3.10 Canada² 1950 1 2 5 3 4 0 1 2 4 5 3 0 By pipeline. By pipeline, except for very small amounts of liquefied natural gas in 1973, 1977, and 1981. As liquefied natural gas. Trillion Cubic Feet 3 2 1 Trillion Cubic Feet Trade Overview, 1949-2011 182 Trade, 2011 Figure 6.3 Natural Gas Imports, Exports, and Net Imports

203 183 , n d in s. al or . 1 6 6 6 4.5 4.5 4.2 5.5 4.7 5.2 2.8 6.8 7.5 3.6 8.4 9.5 5.9 4.4 4.9 4.9 6.7 4.4 4.7 5.1 8.0 () () () 14.7 15.2 15.2 10.6 11.6 12.1 11.7 16.2 15.3 15.2 16.4 13.0 13.5 12.5 16.4 12.3 16.0 11.0 R annual report Consumption Percent of U.S 1955-1971—EIA • Net Imports -26 -20 -20 689 899 880 939 913 894 751 430 955 845 882 788 936 864 Total 3,264 3,404 3,499 1,220 1,447 1,275 2,687 2,462 1,644 1,198 2,210 1,921 1,946 2,679 3,604 3,785 3,422 3,538 2,837 3,612 2,993 3,021 2,784 3,462 2,604 R 61 65 54 73 53 55 26 31 74 70 26 86 55 55 56 49 59 52 56 20 Natural Gas Annual, 680 854 516 107 162 129 154 216 140 373 244 163 822 159 729 157 963 153 724 1,507 1,072 1,137 Total R 2,5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 52 32 1949-1954—U.S. Energy Information Administratio Other • 1972-1987—EIA, Form FPC-14, "Annual Report f 1988-2009—EIA, 3 • • 9 2 7 2 2 4 2 8 4 3 2 4 4 2 2 Calculated by dividing natural gas net imports by total natur (March 2012), Tables 4 and 5. 23 20 17 96 40 47 61 15 60 16 20 61 38 53 34 397 343 263 500 106 292 338 141 365 305 322 333 Mexico 2 All Other Data: 0 0 0 0 53 50 49 50 48 53 62 66 63 53 54 65 53 51 56 44 52 63 52 51 50 56 45 53 53 18 31 66 64 47 66 39 65 66 62 68 61 33 Japan Exports by Country of Destination Natural Gas Monthly 3 8 3 9 3 10 11 20 53 11 38 45 28 17 68 18 15 39 73 40 56 52 395 271 189 937 482 167 701 358 559 341 739 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#naturalgas for updated monthly an R • (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#naturalgas for all annual data beginning Canada • Percent of U.S. Consumption: 0 0 See http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/ for related information. • 11 993 964 953 966 750 950 821 843 904 456 933 918 985 Total 4,259 3,944 4,015 1,253 2,624 1,382 1,532 2,350 2,841 1,011 1,773 2,138 1,294 3,453 3,751 4,608 3,782 3,977 3,586 2,994 4,341 3,984 3,152 2,937 4,186 3,741 R Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Web Pages: Sources: 2010 and 2011—EIA, • Federal Power Commission, by telephone. (EIA) estimates based on Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Natural Gas" chapter. annual data. gas consumption—see Table 6.1. Importers and Exporters of Natural Gas." 1949. 2,4 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 46 92 81 21 14 18 17 29 11 15 17 12 Other 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 99 98 51 378 462 151 129 190 448 236 439 267 389 Trinidad and Tobago 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 14 35 91 46 46 23 20 13 18 Qatar U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 50 12 42 13 38 13 57 95 Nigeria 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 2 7 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 3 43 30 10 41 52 55 14 12 17 75 15 95 52 13 54 28 102 105 Imports by Country of Origin (s) Mexico 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 55 73 35 73 160 115 120 Egypt 3 0 0 11 948 749 881 993 779 712 405 762 783 926 997 797 755 954 2,899 2,883 2,094 1,276 1,001 3,271 3,783 1,710 2,267 3,589 1,339 3,437 3,590 3,368 3,544 3,607 3,785 2,566 3,700 3,052 1,448 2,816 3,729 3,102 3,280 R Canada 2 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 35 97 10 66 77 36 27 18 17 37 55 65 24 42 84 43 47 84 69 53 17 11 86 82 51 64 76 120 253 131 Algeria P Brazil in 2010 and 2011; Chile in 2011; China in 2011; India in 2010 and 2011; Russia in 2007; South By pipeline, except for very small amounts of liquefied natural gas imported from Canada in 1973, Australia in 1997–2001 and 2004; Brunei in 2002; Equatorial Guinea in 2007; Indonesia in 1986 and Net imports equal imports minus exports. Not meaningful because there were net exports during this year. As liquefied natural gas. 5 4 1 3 2 6 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.5 billion cubic feet. able 6.3 Natural Gas Imports, Exports, and Net Imports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 orea in 2009 forward; Spain in 2010 and 2011; and United Kingdom in 2010 and 2011. Year 994 985 976 999 984 970 955 002 992 965 949 9600109 04700 0 0156 6060111441.2 007 975 978 009 950 982 011 988 004 006 983 980 977 005 998 993 991 979 011; United Arab Emirates in 1996–2000; Yemen in 2010 and 2011; and Other (unassigned) in 2004. 986 003 000 981 997 987 008 010 001 990 995 000; Malaysia in 1999 and 2002–2005; Norway in 2008 forward; Oman in 2000–2005; Peru in 2010 and 977, and 1981, and exported to Mexico beginning in 1998. 996 989 (Billion Cubic Feet, Except as Noted) 1 2 1 1 1 K 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 T 2

204 2010 2010 2005 2005 2000 2000 1995 1995 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 1965 1965 1960 1960 0 0 200 600 100 400 500 400 300 200 100 300 500 Gulf of Mexico. Thousands Thousand Cubic Feet per Day per Well Source: Table 6.4. 2 Number of Producing Wells Natural Gas Well Average Productivity 2010 2010 Texas¹ GOM² Federal 2005 2005 Other States¹ 2000 Oklahoma 2000 1995 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 al offshore areas of the Gulf of Mexico; 1990 1990 Louisiana¹ 1985 Onshore 1985 Offshore 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 1965 1965 1960 1960 0 5 5 0 10 15 25 30 35 20 15 10 Trillion Cubic Feet (Cumulative) Trillion Cubic Feet Through 1996, includes gross withdrawals in Feder beginning in 1997, these are included in “Federal Gulf of Mexico.” 1 Gross Withdrawals by Location 184 Gross Withdrawals by State and Federal Gulf of Mexico Figure 6.4 Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Natural Gas Well Productivity, 1960-2011

205 185 s e d d ), A ): ls al s, t 2011—EI (March 2012 • 433.6 338.4 418.6 434.8 395.1 429.4 374.3 365.3 404.9 323.1 341.5 427.4 331.8 326.7 133.1 153.3 141.7 163.6 290.8 124.6 174.7 158.6 160.6 162.8 302.7 162.9 238.9 164.0 164.3 120.3 112.4 111.9 181.2 125.7 263.8 157.2 205.5 162.1 159.4 160.6 121.5 160.0 158.4 163.0 112.5 114.0 117.1 114.0 E R R R R R R R Average Productivity Calculated as gros Per Day Per Well Federal (Offshore Thousand Cubic Fee 4 2011—Calculated as tot Natural Gas Production an and • 1982-1985—U.S. Minera 91 • 112 126 114 124 117 114 119 112 138 130 148 121 112 243 426 211 406 292 222 262 170 299 373 388 317 249 302 441 182 302 282 199 242 257 234 393 157 342 311 477 453 493 277 276 504 270 488 E R R R R Wells Thousands Producing Natural Gas Monthly 3 Average Productivity: Natural Gas Well Productivity State (Offshore) 16,540 18,669 13,894 17,489 17,416 19,372 17,191 18,925 15,345 18,595 19,043 17,380 10,853 13,524 17,590 15,809 15,709 15,467 14,154 17,351 17,882 17,394 17,844 17,726 14,807 15,513 17,337 18,034 17,282 17,729 17,996 17,573 16,691 18,129 17,885 16,018 14,535 16,054 17,472 17,737 16,165 17,795 14,153 18,845 20,245 20,841 22,378 19,889 E R R R 3,R Gross With- drawals From Billion Cubic Feet Natural Gas Wells 2011—EIA estimates based on Bureau of Safety an 2007 forward—EIA, 1960-1966—Bureau of Mines, • • • Total 24,016 24,067 21,325 22,850 19,034 20,944 23,786 24,088 21,104 22,679 20,252 21,097 15,088 17,963 24,119 21,523 20,267 20,140 25,636 24,501 19,607 19,131 22,726 20,272 18,659 21,074 24,174 24,108 21,870 24,664 24,213 23,581 20,999 23,970 23,941 21,750 24,114 23,823 21,309 23,457 21,883 23,535 21,587 23,744 22,132 26,057 28,576 26,836 1986-2010—EIA, NGA, annual reports P R R • 1960-1981—U.S. Geological Survey. • annual reports. All Other Data: 273 646 3,515 2,777 1,187 3,932 1,524 3,039 1,954 3,212 3,596 1,007 3,549 2,419 5,844 5,078 5,509 5,216 4,589 5,693 5,181 5,432 3,890 5,111 5,603 5,220 5,466 2,424 5,689 3,477 5,308 3,584 5,312 3,072 4,632 5,701 5,801 5,906 5,324 2,876 4,736 3,029 4,735 5,650 5,231 5,699 5,816 5,373 Total E R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Mineral Revenues—The 1989 Report on Receipts from Federal and Indian Lease 1967-2010—EIA, NGA, annual reports and unpublished revisions. • 576 704 748 597 656 463 490 697 681 459 654 553 607 685 693 618 679 406 552 460 559 615 703 630 403 446 434 756 587 591 513 710 781 556 Total (Offshore): E NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA State Offshore Billion Cubic Feet 1960-2010—EIA, NGA, annual reports. Natural Gas Annual (NGA), gross withdrawals minus onshore withdrawals. • withdrawals from natural gas wells divided by the number of producing wells, and then divided by th number of days in the year. Environmental Enforcement and State reports and websites. and predecessor annual reports. Management Service, Table 1. Consumption. estimates based on previous year’s data. 646 273 3,212 1,524 1,954 2,777 3,596 1,007 2,419 3,039 3,549 1,187 3,932 3,515 4,186 4,772 4,991 4,766 4,902 4,996 4,942 4,822 4,850 5,246 5,316 4,186 4,356 4,773 5,185 5,047 5,131 5,044 2,300 5,137 4,182 4,771 2,485 4,615 4,505 4,055 2,375 4,747 3,205 2,955 4,672 4,707 2,859 1,868 E Federal 21,368 19,335 20,725 17,555 17,348 20,978 17,165 21,311 20,856 19,065 18,026 17,318 14,815 19,801 15,843 15,894 15,818 13,924 23,960 18,685 22,608 19,567 18,474 15,046 18,133 16,013 26,152 21,187 15,062 18,308 14,806 16,197 14,975 14,542 18,306 18,270 16,442 19,233 16,280 19,951 18,903 18,312 22,985 17,880 16,220 18,629 16,808 17,352 E R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Onshore Total 24,108 23,970 24,174 23,457 23,535 25,636 24,501 23,941 24,119 23,823 24,664 20,272 21,097 21,587 21,523 20,944 19,034 18,659 20,252 21,104 22,726 21,309 19,131 19,607 21,074 22,850 15,088 24,067 21,325 22,132 20,267 20,999 24,114 23,581 22,679 21,870 24,016 24,088 21,883 21,750 23,786 23,744 17,963 20,140 24,213 26,057 26,836 28,576 P R R 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 5,110 2,914 4,968 4,001 5,066 3,151 2,330 4,548 2,813 5,053 4,447 2,444 5,242 1,830 2,259 P Gulf of Federal Mexico 1 4,790 4,462 5,071 7,054 4,442 4,152 3,677 9,508 5,094 9,950 6,813 4,293 4,252 5,538 4,314 4,044 4,362 9,896 4,378 6,174 9,999 6,665 5,187 5,620 4,232 7,651 4,375 8,812 8,429 5,287 4,396 5,818 4,973 4,501 9,999 Other 1 10,386 10,002 11,202 11,723 10,542 11,227 10,769 11,350 12,231 10,944 12,499 12,938 13,855 States P R 1960-2006—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • Billion Cubic Feet 2,237 1,958 1,621 1,890 2,154 1,888 1,502 1,689 1,594 2,017 1,757 1,582 2,167 1,669 1,735 1,656 1,928 1,993 2,019 1,784 1,842 1,613 1,414 1,615 1,935 2,046 1,721 1,133 1,892 1,809 1,985 1,780 1,887 1,607 1,972 1,558 2,073 1,812 1,639 1,742 2,050 2,258 2,019 1,811 1,827 1,704 1,902 1,899 P R Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals From Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Coalbed, and Shale Gas Wells 1 1,383 5,143 5,303 1,310 5,226 6,087 1,485 4,965 7,639 4,977 7,359 7,920 5,100 8,319 1,579 8,491 1,388 1,377 1,599 7,242 7,561 5,218 1,378 6,830 7,143 5,163 7,351 5,888 4,764 7,008 1,378 5,248 5,379 6,217 1,559 5,047 5,351 3,313 6,778 8,160 1,525 1,382 5,365 5,205 8,076 1,538 3,060 2,218 1 P R Louisiana See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#naturalgas for all data beginning in • 1 Total (Gross Withdrawals): 5,791 9,519 6,577 7,801 6,873 7,028 6,919 6,961 9,550 6,326 8,915 7,741 9,290 6,912 7,935 7,594 6,007 5,575 6,988 7,654 7,496 6,429 6,976 7,656 9,399 8,859 6,712 5,734 6,881 6,688 6,708 8,292 7,452 7,989 6,846 5,661 8,566 6,965 7,666 5,799 5,752 6,817 6,656 6,907 5,723 5,730 7,594 7,931 1 P R Texas For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/. • Beginning in 2007, includes natural gas gross withdrawals from coalbed wells, and beginning in 2008, Through 1996, includes gross withdrawals in Federal offshore areas of the Gulf of Mexico; beginning Gross withdrawals from Federal offshore areas of the Gulf of Mexico. Through 1996, these gross As of December 31. 3 1 2 4 Web Pages: Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. Sources: able 6.4 Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Natural Gas Well Productivity, Selected Years, 1960-2011 ithdrawals are included in "Texas," "Louisiana," and "Other States." Year 988 981 984 972 001 985 004 970 966 977 973 965 999 000 968 006 008 010 997 996 991 983 975 980 967 005 974 003 994 987 971 993 976 960 969 995 986 990 992 007 009 002 989 978 011 960. 979 998 982 rom shale gas wells. n 1997, these are included in "Federal Gulf of Mexico." 2 1 w 1 i 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 f 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1

206 1 4 1, 2 2010 3 31 2011 Power Residential Electric Industrial Commercial 11 Transportation 1950 4 2005 3 3 2 Transportation Electric Power 2000 1, 2 33 (primarily in compressors), and as fuel in 59 Industrial 1995 13 7 1990 Commercial¹ 19 1985 21 Residential 0 50 75 25 Percent Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines the delivery of natural gas to consumers; plus a small quantity used as vehicle fuel. Source: Table 6.5. 4 1980 Sector Shares, 1950 and 2011 1975 3 7.6 Power Electric 4 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 0.7 Transportation 1965 1, 2 8.2 Industrial 1960 3.2 Commercial¹ 1955 4.7 Residential 1950 2 0 4 6 8 2 4 8 6 0 10 12 10 Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Lease and plant fuel, and other industrial. Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power plants whose primary business is to sell elec- Includes combined-heat-and-power plants and a small number of electricity-only plants. tricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. 2 1 3 By Sector, 1949-2011 186 By Sector, 2011 Figure 6.5 Natural Gas Consumption by Sector

207 187 ll s s s d 0 n d ). ls ly in al ul in ic an 199 • Electr Total 4,971 8,694 5,767 22,207 21,247 20,790 22,609 22,277 22,239 22,737 23,333 22,246 22,405 24,369 17,281 19,946 20,241 19,877 19,521 16,221 18,030 15,280 17,211 19,404 18,001 19,538 19,627 21,139 16,835 11,967 17,951 23,104 20,228 22,910 19,119 23,277 22,403 19,562 22,014 23,027 21,699 23,775 19,174 R R R R R R R R Natural Ga 11 11 11 11 550 629 Natural Gas Month 1 Vehicle Fuel: Total 4,237 3,807 3,473 3,903 4,065 5,206 5,135 4,820 4,588 5,342 7,602 3,111 3,188 3,226 2,636 3,491 3,932 3,081 2,602 3,640 2,844 3,044 2,911 3,682 3,158 3,191 2,321 1,725 1,153 5,672 5,464 5,869 6,222 6,668 6,841 3,316 3,245 3,448 7,387 3,105 6,873 R 11 11 11 11 Beginning with 1965, a • 949 838 718 983 619 494 451 315 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Table 8.7c. CHP 11 11 11 11 1,178 1,355 1,026 1,114 1,044 1,090 1,162 1,413 1,148 1,322 1,131 1,277 1,230 1,148 1,122 R Calculated. F. For prior years, the pressure base wa 2007 forward—EIA, ° Electric Power Sector • 550 629 1992-1998—EIA, "Alternatives to Tradition • Only 2,755 3,544 3,039 3,780 4,164 2,824 3,288 4,093 3,065 3,729 6,440 1,153 2,844 3,640 3,044 2,602 2,321 2,911 3,226 3,111 2,636 3,081 1,725 3,682 3,932 3,188 3,191 3,491 3,158 5,612 4,142 5,520 4,258 5,091 4,592 5,751 2,822 2,791 2,829 2,794 6,239 R 11 11 11 11 Electricity Industrial CHP: See Tables 8.5a–8.5d for the amount of natural ga • All Other Data: and 718 657 705 610 640 627 760 655 689 645 718 722 583 548 529 614 601 245 490 530 126 485 596 533 642 504 501 519 347 635 682 608 607 646 674 587 660 602 629 590 700 697 R R NA Total 2007 forward—EIA, NGM (March 2012), Table 2. • 8 3 3 8 5 6 9 2 18 13 12 15 33 26 24 21 25 23 15 27 31 R R (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1949-2006—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Fuel Commercial CHP Vehicle • 6 7 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • Transportation Sector 751 642 624 645 685 635 591 625 711 700 686 722 614 529 548 601 485 519 501 347 583 245 533 642 126 490 635 596 530 504 584 566 584 621 667 648 660 588 601 629 670 669 F. R R NA ° See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#naturalgas for updated monthly an See Note 2, "Natural Gas Consumption," at end of section. and Dis- • • Tables 8.5b, 8.5c, 8.6b, and 8.7b. tribution annual reports and unpublished revisions. Pipelines See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#naturalgas for all annual data beginning Residential, Commercial Total, Lease and Plant Fuel, Other Industrial Total, • See http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/ for related information. (March 2012), Table 2. • Total 9,384 8,913 9,158 8,872 8,273 9,685 9,493 9,293 8,463 9,714 8,153 7,479 9,249 8,365 3,081 7,112 5,771 3,426 8,198 6,867 4,542 8,598 6,941 6,502 7,103 8,398 6,621 7,231 8,055 8,405 8,474 7,800 7,443 7,881 8,640 8,354 7,713 7,669 7,890 8,360 7,886 8,255 8,698 R R R R R R R R Web Pages: Sources: 1999-2006—EIA, NGA, annual reports. "Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," at end of section. • gasoline-equivalent gallons were converted to cubic feet by multiplying by the motor gasoline conversio annual data. thermal output. Annual (NGA), 14.65 p.s.i.a. at 60 1949. (NGM) Power Sector: factor (see Table A3) and dividing by the natural gas end-use sectors conversion factor (see Table A4 and 1991—EIA, NGA 2000 (November 2001), Table 95. Transportation Fuels 1999" (October 1999), Table 10, and "Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fue volumes are shown on a pressure base of 14.73 p.s.i.a. at 60 Pipelines and Distribution: 2003" (February 2004), Table 10. Data for compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas used to produce electricity and Tables 8.6a–8.6c for the amount of natural gas used to produce usef Total 8,079 7,344 8,511 7,150 7,700 8,142 8,164 7,790 8,320 8,435 6,769 7,128 6,968 2,245 5,953 7,851 6,757 3,411 5,831 6,899 2,498 5,955 7,172 6,383 5,579 6,154 5,643 6,964 5,901 4,535 6,815 7,256 6,816 6,601 7,231 7,527 6,670 6,527 6,517 7,018 6,655 7,527 6,167 R R R R R R R 11 11 11 11 5 6,035 7,229 6,965 6,906 7,146 6,678 6,757 6,576 6,007 6,613 5,746 4,535 5,831 5,579 2,245 6,968 5,953 7,172 5,643 6,815 6,757 2,498 3,411 6,383 6,154 7,851 6,899 5,955 7,128 6,964 5,901 5,715 5,963 5,178 5,412 5,488 6,287 6,420 5,604 5,903 6,170 5,518 6,066 R R R R R R R R 11 11 11 11 Non-CHP Other Industrial Industrial Sector 4 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 914 955 990 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( 1,355 1,282 1,289 1,240 1,050 1,258 1,061 1,176 1,055 1,144 1,310 1,401 1,115 1,124 1,107 1,191 1,084 1,386 1,024 1,029 CHP R U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 923 966 835 928 978 928 1,171 1,226 1,236 1,142 1,129 1,173 1,220 1,151 1,070 1,098 1,079 1,112 1,220 1,119 1,113 1,172 1,203 1,122 1,124 1,250 1,275 1,383 1,499 1,237 1,026 1,156 1,149 1,131 1,648 1,399 1,077 1,396 1,109 1,659 1,634 1,096 1,282 R Plant Fuel Lease and 629 388 348 Total 3,182 2,832 2,862 3,179 3,023 3,031 3,158 3,144 3,129 3,215 2,803 2,999 3,153 3,045 2,729 2,623 2,895 2,718 3,013 2,999 3,161 3,119 2,433 2,668 2,430 1,020 2,524 2,611 2,520 1,444 2,606 2,432 2,601 2,318 2,508 2,501 2,399 2,670 2,786 3,102 R 3 348 388 629 3,057 2,912 2,823 2,943 2,961 2,931 3,121 2,953 3,070 2,576 2,676 3,086 3,098 2,944 3,076 2,740 2,688 2,764 2,796 3,128 3,043 3,080 2,611 2,508 2,399 1,444 2,501 2,670 1,020 2,601 2,786 2,668 2,318 2,520 2,430 2,606 2,433 2,524 2,432 3,016 Other R Commercial Sector 2 87 85 30 84 66 52 82 62 72 74 87 68 78 70 58 65 46 68 72 79 81 76 86 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 R ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) CHP 993 Data are for natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. See Note 1, 4,752 4,771 4,520 4,630 4,956 4,556 4,965 3,103 4,827 4,314 4,381 4,546 4,903 2,124 4,690 4,368 4,996 4,781 5,051 4,315 4,889 5,241 4,433 4,391 1,198 4,821 3,903 4,848 4,722 4,924 4,555 5,079 4,726 4,892 4,869 4,984 4,633 4,837 4,850 4,779 4,787 4,735 Sector • R R Residential P For 1989–1992, a small amount of consumption at independent power producers may be counted in Vehicle fuel data do not reflect revised data shown in Table 10.5. See Note 4, "Natural Gas Vehicle Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of commercial electricity-only All commercial sector fuel use other than that in "Commercial CHP." Included in "Industrial Non-CHP." Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of industrial electricity-only plants. All industrial sector fuel use other than that in "Lease and Plant Fuel" and "Industrial CHP." Included in "Commercial Other." Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors. Natural gas used as fuel in the delivery of natural gas to consumers. 7 9 3 8 5 1 2 6 4 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 billion cubic feet. Notes: able 6.5 Natural Gas Consumption by Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 11 10 lectric utility CHP plants are included in "Electricity Only." uel," at end of section. Year 981 t end of section. 975 970 997 lants. oth "Other Industrial" and "Electric Power Sector." See Note 3, "Natural Gas Consumption, 1989–1992," lectric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for 977 965 996 978 011 995 979 960 998 003 980 994 010 976 955 982 001 993 004 000 950 009 999 983 984 992 949 008 985 991 986 005 007 987 988 990 006 002 989 (Billion Cubic Feet) 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 b 1 a 1 2 1 2 p 1 e 1 1 E 1 2 1 1 1 p 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 F 1 T 2

208 1 1 2010 2010 Base Gas Working Gas 2005 2005 2000 2000 1995 1990 1995 1985 1990 1980 1985 1975 2 8 6 4 0 10 Trillion Cubic Feet Source: Table 6.6. Underground Storage Capacity, 1975-2011 1980 1975 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1970 1965 1960 1955 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2 8 4 0 6 1 10 2 3 5 4 0 Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Working-gas and base-gas data were not collected in 1959, 1960, and 1961. 188 1 Base Gas and Working Gas in Underground Storage, 1954-2011 1954-2011 Total (Base Gas and Working Gas) Underground Storage, Figure 6.6 Natural Gas Underground Storage, End of Year

209 189 s y n ry M er 3 Natural Ga NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 7,985 7,915 7,989 7,794 6,280 6,929 8,145 8,043 6,678 7,805 6,544 7,434 8,124 7,993 8,120 8,124 6,890 7,932 8,087 7,953 8,241 8,332 7,980 8,043 8,255 8,268 8,499 8,415 8,229 8,179 8,207 8,206 8,330 8,656 8,402 8,776 8,764 R Storage Capacity Natural Gas Underground 2010 and 2011—EIA, NG • 1975-1978—Federal Energ • 1985-2009—EIA, • Total 2,184 2,344 6,650 6,641 3,090 6,569 6,567 5,866 2,745 6,448 4,480 6,442 3,225 5,250 6,020 6,649 4,325 3,376 6,297 6,306 4,898 6,879 6,706 6,548 3,495 2,940 4,962 5,374 3,602 6,936 6,778 4,004 6,325 1,368 6,966 1,281 6,071 6,525 2,504 6,513 6,503 6,897 7,073 7,407 6,866 7,204 6,835 7,281 7,113 7,056 6,715 6,906 7,767 7,412 1979-1984—U.S. Energy Informatio • 2 Gas Facts. annual reports. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Total 6,375 5,929 6,727 6,371 6,364 6,853 6,738 6,539 6,884 6,665 7,059 6,910 6,832 6,635 7,013 7,105 7,317 7,057 R Other Than Salt Caverns Natural Gas Annual, 149 142 131 150 113 170 302 177 171 201 191 240 201 222 169 203 451 355 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Salt Caverns monthly reports, and 1954-1974—American Gas Association, • 465 933 505 NA NA Total 2,322 2,824 1,840 2,212 1,678 2,475 2,595 2,756 2,753 2,050 1,366 3,071 1,318 1,267 2,850 2,034 3,068 1,242 2,876 2,655 2,607 1,159 2,597 2,547 2,749 1,007 2,513 1,926 1,729 2,817 1,421 2,153 2,175 2,696 2,173 2,606 1,719 2,523 2,904 2,375 3,130 2,840 2,879 3,070 2,730 2,563 2,635 3,462 3,111 See http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/ for related information. R • Sources: 1954. Monthly (NGM), Commission, Form FERC-8, "Underground Gas Storage Report." Administration, Form FEA-G318-M-O, "Underground Gas Storage Report," and Federal Pow (March 2012), Tables 8, 10, and 11, and Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Underground Gas Storage Report." Commission, Form FPC-8, "Underground Gas Storage Report." Administration (EIA), Form EIA-191, "Underground Gas Storage Report," and Federal Energy Regulato 2 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA F. For 2,092 2,598 2,536 1,647 2,087 2,082 2,513 2,756 2,926 2,626 2,789 2,686 2,423 2,273 2,438 2,944 3,154 2,891 R ° Other Than Working Gas Salt Caverns Natural Gas in Underground Storage 70 85 72 72 98 83 125 186 123 154 115 100 144 123 104 102 308 220 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Salt Caverns U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Totals may not equal sum of components due 817 863 • NA NA Total 4,044 3,868 3,954 1,571 1,738 1,781 3,812 1,848 1,958 2,058 4,232 2,128 4,327 2,181 4,234 2,326 3,800 4,211 2,485 4,200 2,751 2,864 4,201 2,912 4,360 4,303 3,792 3,162 3,323 4,340 3,391 3,819 4,301 3,473 4,352 3,553 4,349 3,642 4,383 3,752 4,326 3,842 3,808 3,847 4,350 3,830 4,341 4,277 4,305 4,301 R F. ° 2 1 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4,290 4,314 4,129 4,259 4,282 4,317 4,134 4,227 4,283 4,146 4,154 4,277 4,265 4,122 4,224 4,161 4,163 4,166 R Base Gas Other Than Salt Caverns 70 72 44 78 77 75 77 64 76 80 67 67 86 60 69 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#naturalgas for updated monthly and 116 135 142 • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#naturalgas for all annual data beginning in • Beginning with 1965, all volumes are shown on a pressure base of 14.73 p.s.i.a. at 60 Salt Caverns • P Includes both active and inactive fields. Depleted fields, aquifers, and other types of storage not using salt formations. Includes native gas. 3 1 2 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Web Pages: able 6.6 Natural Gas Underground Storage, Selected Years, End of Year 1954-2011 Year 981 977 960 008 987 986 005 954 968 997 993 rior years, the pressure base was 14.65 p.s.i.a. at 60 984 967 988 009 980 978 001 972 992 975 995 966 985 961 006 010 976 002 974 971 998 996 nnual data. 965 004 982 970 000 964 979 990 983 007 963 955 011 999 989 994 991 962 003 969 973 (Billion Cubic Feet) o independent rounding. 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 p 1 1 1 1 2 t 1 1 1 2 a 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 T 1

210 2010 2010 2005 2000 2000 Citygate 1990 Wellhead 1995 Real² Imports 1980 Nominal¹ 1990 1970 1985 1980 1960 1975 1950 6 0 3 9 3 0 9 6 12 12 Nominal Dollars¹ per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Source: Table 6.7. Wellhead, Citygate, and Imports, 1949-2011 Imports, 1972-2011 2010 2000 4.23 Imports U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Real² 1990 Nominal¹ gross domestic product implicit price deflators 1980 5.62 Citygate 1970 1960 3.95 Wellhead 1950 2 6 0 4 2 0 4 6 8 10 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Nominal Dollars¹ per Thousand Cubic Feet See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. 2 1 Wellhead, 1949-2011 Wellhead, Citygate, and Imports, 2011 190 Figure 6.7 Natural Gas Wellhead, Citygate, and Imports Prices

211 ), al 191 M of of Natur (March 2012 4 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.59 6.47 9.07 4.88 4.07 2.68 3.60 3.73 2.56 4.45 4.84 2.74 8.29 6.82 5.49 3.82 5.21 3.86 2.37 2.34 5.69 6.66 2.62 3.42 2.45 2.42 6.00 2.30 2.58 3.01 8.01 8.12 1.83 5.27 8.96 5.24 9.34 Real P R R R R R R R R R R R R R 2010 and 2011—EIA, NG • Pipeline Imports and Exports United States Imports and Exports Imports Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.23 1.94 4.19 2.17 4.08 2.43 1.97 5.17 4.43 3.21 4.52 1.87 4.78 2.49 3.95 6.87 1.95 1.97 2.03 1.83 1.84 1.82 6.88 2.24 8.70 5.81 3.15 1.85 1.49 8.12 5.03 2.13 4.88 1.98 1.21 1.72 4.28 P Nominal 1974-1976—FPC, • 2007 forward—EIA, 1949-2006—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • • 1977-2009—EIA, NGA, annual reports. • Citygate: and 4 annual reports. 1972 and 1973—Federal Power Commission (FPC), • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.30 6.08 4.32 6.60 6.21 3.93 5.91 4.96 5.11 4.19 5.57 3.84 4.36 3.88 7.68 4.47 6.87 8.67 5.21 4.10 8.45 4.43 3.41 3.59 8.34 3.57 3.93 4.33 Real P R R R R R R R R R annual reports. Wellhead Imports: 2 Sources: See http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/ for related information. Natural Gas, Table 3. Gas Annual (NGA), Natural Gas—Imports and Exports of LNG. (March 2012), Tables 3 and 4. • Citygate 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.62 6.48 6.18 3.07 5.85 3.75 9.18 3.21 2.92 3.01 8.61 3.03 2.90 5.72 6.65 8.16 3.66 3.01 3.07 2.78 3.22 4.12 3.95 3.10 2.87 4.62 3.27 8.67 P R R Nominal U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 .80 .48 .75 .70 .60 4.04 2.31 2.69 3.48 4.07 5.18 4.49 2.09 2.25 1.31 1.63 3.20 2.74 2.52 5.88 4.45 2.29 2.37 2.52 4.15 2.61 5.64 3.79 4.44 1.90 2.43 4.41 2.19 3.34 7.33 3.33 2.58 2.61 0.41 3.08 7.34 2.27 6.19 Real E R R R R R R 1 Wellhead 3 .14 .17 .91 .10 .07 .16 .79 .58 .44 3.95 4.48 1.69 1.94 2.59 7.97 3.68 4.88 2.17 1.67 2.51 1.96 1.18 1.98 0.06 2.66 1.64 5.46 4.00 1.55 1.69 1.74 2.32 2.19 6.25 7.33 1.59 3.67 1.85 2.04 2.95 2.46 1.71 6.39 E R Nominal See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices for updated monthly and annual • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#naturalgas for all annual data beginning in 1949. • In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. See "Citygate" in Glossary. See "Natural Gas Wellhead Price" in Glossary. 2 3 4 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. Web Pages: able 6.7 Natural Gas Wellhead, Citygate, and Imports Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. Year 965 992 950 009 980 993 001 955 981 000 975 986 960 010 977 994 995 982 999 985 006 998 007 970 ata. 011 005 983 997 989 004 984 978 996 990 979 003 988 008 991 949 002 976 987 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) 1 D 1 1 1 1 1 d 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 T 2

212 2010 2010 2005 2005 2000 Electric Power Residential Commercial Industrial oss domestic product implicit price deflators in For an explanation of values over 100 percent, 1995 2000 1990 1995 l a ri 1985 dust In Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Residential Commercial Prices, Indexed, 1980-2011 6 1980 1990 Source: Table 6.8. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gr Based on 101.2 percent of volume delivered. see Table 6.8, footnote 8. Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. 5 6 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 Index: 1980=1.00 Real 1985 5 r 4.87 Powe Electric U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 1980 5.02 Industrial 1975 8.86 Commercial³ of volume delivered. 1970 10.80 Residential² Prices, 1967-2011 3 0 6 9 6 12 2 0 8 6 4 12 10 14 Real (2005) Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Nominal¹ Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet 6 Based on 95.7 percent Based on 16.0 percent of volume delivered. Based on 62.3 percent of volume delivered. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. Real Figure 6.8 Natural Gas Prices by Sector 4 3 1 192 Nominal¹ Prices, 2011 2

213 193 , s e n 8 d ." A al 7. of of nt of of of t," 7,8 200 • of 83.9 79.6 92.6 76.8 97.1 96.1 74.1 68.4 96.2 94.0 63.7 79.3 68.0 40.2 73.4 92.2 50.5 91.2 91.3 89.8 93.9 94.4 98.0 58.3 91.6 97.6 91.7 96.9 76.5 89.6 93.4 96.1 71.4 NA NA 3 100.8 101.1 101.1 101.2 3 R Natural Ga Sector Percentage EIA, 1967-2006—EIA • 6 2.91 3.23 2.80 3.49 6.27 3.28 5.76 3.33 3.99 4.13 1.32 3.29 4.49 5.08 3.49 2.98 4.75 6.88 4.94 2.85 5.92 8.53 8.47 6.31 6.21 6.19 3.66 3.02 3.58 1.19 3.86 4.75 5.53 3.08 3.48 4.30 6.89 2.29 2.48 3 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Real See Note 2, "Classification • Vehicle Fuel: 1973-2001—Calculated by EI 5 • Prices Electric Power Sector All Other Data: .29 .77 5.27 3.68 2.61 4.38 7.31 2.40 2.28 2.38 4.61 2.18 5.57 2.43 9.26 6.11 8.47 3.58 3.70 1.48 1.81 2.62 2.69 2.78 2.32 3.55 2.27 2.89 2.43 3.48 2.36 4.93 2.33 1.32 0.28 1.06 4.87 7.11 2.02 3 R Nominal 6 6.24 5.99 7.27 5.36 6.57 5.53 4.69 8.01 5.45 5.29 5.63 5.14 9.14 7.40 5.22 5.00 5.25 7.41 5.29 8.45 4.88 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2006—U.S. Energy Information Administratio R R R R R R R R R R R R 10.82 • Real (March 2012), Table 3. Prices 4 5 6.25 7.16 9.14 4.17 4.34 3.39 4.34 4.44 8.50 4.05 5.10 6.60 8.13 4.59 6.19 4.11 8.72 5.54 3.98 4.27 3.96 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R 11.75 Vehicle Fuel Transportation Sector Nominal Prices are intended to include all taxes. • Electric Power Percentage of Sector: 7 2007 forward—EIA, NGM (March 2012), Table 3. of Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) 23.6 18.0 24.0 18.8 19.4 18.1 36.9 35.2 74.7 20.5 80.7 22.2 22.1 18.8 22.7 16.1 20.8 30.3 47.4 85.1 68.8 59.8 42.6 25.5 16.0 23.4 29.7 19.8 24.5 32.7 • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R R R Sector Percentage 2 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices for updated monthly and annu • annual reports. 2002-2007—Calculated by EIA as the quantity of natural gas receipts by electric utilities an • Residential Percentage of Sector: 6 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#naturalgas for all annual data beginning in 196 4.11 4.20 7.25 4.24 4.95 4.25 3.59 7.05 4.54 8.89 4.05 7.23 6.26 3.67 3.71 4.86 4.54 4.36 5.78 5.13 6.01 6.98 1.52 6.41 5.36 8.56 4.40 3.82 3.49 1.61 3.97 4.43 7.62 3.92 3.32 5.02 6.75 3.60 2.86 • R R R R R R R R R R R Real Web Pages: Sources: 2007 forward—EIA, See http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/ for related information. Cost and Quantity of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants" (and predecessor forms), divided by the quantity Fuels for Electric Utility Plants," and EIA-423, "Monthly Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants Repor as the quantity of natural gas receipts by electric utilities reported on Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report power producers reported on Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report," divided by the quantity NGA, annual reports. natural gas consumed by the electric power sector (for 1973-1988, see Table 8.5b; for 1989-2001, se • • Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of Section 8. Annual (NGA), (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition Table 8.7b). forward—Calculated by EIA as the quantity of natural gas receipts by electric utilities and independe natural gas consumed by the electric power sector (see Table 8.7b). divided by the quantity of natural gas consumed by the electric power sector (see Table 8.7b). data. independent power producers reported on Forms FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quantity by the total quantity consumed. Industrial Sector 5 Prices .37 .96 5.49 7.68 2.94 3.42 3.59 5.24 2.84 2.93 3.14 4.02 2.96 5.89 5.33 3.14 3.23 2.56 3.87 4.22 1.99 3.95 8.56 3.12 3.05 2.95 1.50 1.70 0.34 1.24 5.02 4.18 9.65 7.87 2.69 2.71 4.45 6.53 3.07 R Nominal 7 The average • of 77.5 80.4 77.8 93.1 86.6 89.1 66.0 70.8 67.0 83.2 77.4 78.2 77.6 82.1 66.1 79.3 90.7 62.3 80.8 79.9 76.7 78.0 83.9 85.1 63.9 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R Sector 1 Percentage 6 8.53 9.17 3.16 8.92 6.49 7.19 7.09 6.40 7.36 9.29 8.06 6.37 8.92 9.28 8.69 7.65 6.23 6.85 6.68 6.81 3.50 5.40 4.62 5.52 6.81 6.91 6.14 7.82 9.70 4.02 6.67 6.43 9.74 7.43 6.19 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 10.68 11.34 11.62 11.26 Real R U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5 Prices Commercial Sector .77 9.47 2.23 5.50 4.82 4.63 0.74 1.64 3.39 2.73 2.04 5.40 4.88 5.80 5.48 5.44 5.33 6.63 8.86 5.55 5.59 8.43 4.77 4.00 5.08 1.35 4.83 4.74 6.59 5.22 4.81 5.05 9.43 8.40 R 11.34 10.06 12.23 12.00 11.34 Nominal 7 of 97.4 98.1 95.2 98.8 99.1 99.1 97.9 97.7 99.0 95.7 97.4 92.4 99.0 99.9 99.2 99.1 99.2 92.6 98.0 97.5 97.5 98.1 97.7 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R R Sector Percentage 6 7.97 6.80 9.93 6.22 7.69 7.70 8.02 8.20 7.62 7.70 8.16 4.92 5.57 8.56 9.32 6.33 9.53 8.21 9.26 7.43 8.55 8.03 7.78 4.48 8.75 5.09 7.87 8.11 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 10.51 10.23 10.61 10.26 11.06 11.11 13.30 12.79 12.70 12.31 10.23 Real R R R R R Residential Sector 5 Prices 2.98 6.12 5.82 1.04 2.35 5.89 9.63 6.82 1.98 6.69 6.41 7.89 6.12 5.54 5.80 9.63 2.56 7.76 3.68 4.29 6.06 1.09 6.06 6.94 5.47 6.16 5.83 5.64 5.17 6.34 1.71 10.80 11.39 13.73 13.89 12.14 10.75 12.70 13.08 Prices are for natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. R • Nominal P In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table Commercial sector, including commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial Much of the natural gas delivered for vehicle fuel represents deliveries to fueling stations that are used Industrial sector, including industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only Percentages exceed 100 percent when reported natural gas receipts are greater than reported natural Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose The percentage of the sector’s consumption in Table 6.5 for which price data are available. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 3 8 2 7 4 1 6 5 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Notes: able 6.8 Natural Gas Prices by Sector, Selected Years, 1967-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. ote 5, "Coverage of Electric Power Sector Natural Gas Prices," at end of section. Year 988 lectric utilities only; beginning in 2002, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. See rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 2001, data are for lants. as consumption—this can occur when combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants report fuel receipts related 985 lectricity-only plants. 983 980 009 000 994 982 001 008 979 986 978 987 984 007 977 998 rimarily or exclusively by fleet vehicles. Thus, the prices are often those associated with the cost of gas in 996 010 976 006 989 975 011 005 990 970 991 981 004 967 999 995 992 997 002 003 993 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, Except as Noted) or each end-use sector is calculated by dividing the total value of the natural gas consumed by each sector o non-electric generating activities. he operation of fleet vehicles. 2 g 1 1 1 t e 1 p 1 2 2 1 1 t 1 1 1 1 f 2 p 1 1 1 2 1 D 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 p 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 e 2 N T 1

214 Industrial For 1973-1982, —Natural gas trans- Prior to 1993, deliveries to nonu- facility fossil-fueled nameplate generat- thermal output primarily to support the ta shown in Table 10.5. These revisions, was reported as delivered to nonutility at which the generator nameplate capacity Transportation Sector In Table 6.5, for 1992 forward, natural gas oned commercialestablishments; wer Sector Natural Gas Prices. electricity and heat, to the public. —Consumption for electricity generation and useful thermal output at —Consumption by establishments engaged primarily in processing unfin- business is to sell electricity, or ing capacity is 50 or more megawatts, regardless of unit type. the activities of the above-menti generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support in million cubic feet, are: 1992–2,112; 1993–2,860; 1994–3,222; 1995–4,619; both the industrial and electric power sectors and double-counted in total consump- vehicle fuel data do not reflect revised da 2002–15,872; 2003–17,484; 2004–21,487; 2005–22,578; 2006–23,317; 2007–24,256; Note 4. Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel. generators. 2008–25,659; 2009–26,936; and 2010 –28,297. tion. In 1993, 0.28 trillion cubic feet Note 5. Coverage of Electric Po Disposition.” As a result, for 1989-1992, those volumes are probably included in EIA-176, “Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and tility generators were not separately collected from natural gas companies on Form Sector Note 3. Natural Gas Consumption, 1989-1992. ished materials into another form of product (including mining; petroleum refining; manufacturing; and, beginning in 1996, agriculture, forestry, and fishing), and natu- (North American Industry Classification System) 22 category whose primary electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 1996–6,111; 1997–8,393; 1998–9,416; 1999–10,398; 2000–11,461; 2001–13,788; producers) Electric Power Sector (electric utilities and independent power mission (pipeline) fuel, and natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel; and ral gas industry use for lease and plant fuel. The industrial sector includes genera- tors that produce electricity and/or useful above-mentioned industrial activities; data include all electric utility plants and counted toward the 25-megawatt-or-greater total. For 1983-1990, data include all electric utility plants at which the generator nameplate capacity of all totaled 25 megawatts or greater. For 1974-1982, peaking units are also included which the generator nameplate capacity of all steam-electric units combined steam-electric units combined totaled 50 megawatts or greater. For 1991-2001, data for electric power sector natural gas prices include all electric utility plants at watts or greater. For 2002 forward, data include electric utility and independent power producer plants at which the total of all steam-electric units and combined-cycle units together totaled 50 mega- —Consumption by U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ergy-use sector is estimated by EIA. by each sector (residential, commercial, or” conversion factors (see Table A4). Commercial Sector Supplemental gaseous fuels are any consumed by the residential, commercial, and the electric power values in cubic feet are accounted for in their primary energy cubic feet are multiplied by the “End-Use Natural gas consumption statistics are and 2.1f (note: to avoid double-counting in —Consumption by private households for space . Unknown quantities of supplemental gaseous fuels other household uses; Residential Sector Natural Gas Annual the Btu values for the sectors. or air or inert gases added for British thermal unit (Btu) stabilization. Sectors” conversion factors (see Table A4), from these surveys is compiled on a national and individual State basis and then commercial, and other industrial values in mated sectoral consumption of supplemental gaseous fuels in Btu, the residential, companies and from surveys of electric power generation. Consumption by sector commercial, other industrial, and electric power sectors (see Table 6.5), and then multi- tion (see Table 6.5) divided by the sum of natural gas consumption by the residential, compiled from surveys of natural gas production, transmission, and distribution other industrial, and electric power) is calculated as that sector’s natural gas consump- consumption of supplemental gaseous fuels used for lease and plant fuel, pipelines and distribution, or vehicle fuel. The estimated other industrial, and electric power sectors, but are not commingled with natural gas Note 2. Natural Gas Consumption. ous fuels are commingled with natural gas category: “Coal,” “Petroleum,” or “Biomass”). It is assumed that supplemental gase- heating, cooking, and these tables, supplemental gaseous fuels Total supplemental gaseous fuels consumption in Btu is calculated as the sum of data for Tables 1.3, 2.1b, 2.1c, 2.1d, These estimates are used to create natural gas (without supplemental gaseous fuels) following: 1980 forward, the amount consumed by each en Although the total amount of supplemental gaseous fuels consumed is known for are included in consumption data for 1979 and earlier years. are multiplied by the “Electric Power Sect balanced with national and individual State supply data. Included in the data are the plied by total supplemental gaseous fuels consumption (see Table 6.1). For esti- Note 1. Supplemental Gaseous Fuels. 194 Natural Gas Annual data beginning with 1980 are from the U.S. Energy Information Administra- tion (EIA), propane-air, refinery gas, coke oven gas, still gas, manufactured gas, biomass gas, volume available for disposition. Such substances include, but are not limited to, substances that, introduced into or commingled with natural gas, increase the engaged in agriculture, forestry, and fishing. The commercial sector includes nonmanufacturing establishments; government agencies; and, through 1995, those

215 7. Coal

216 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

217 197 Sources: Tables 7.1, 7.2, and 7.3. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ll data are preliminary. • Values are derived (Million Short Tons) Notes: • Production categories are estimated; a from source data prior to rounding for publication. • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Figure 7.0 Coal Flow, 2011

218 2010 Coal 2010 Production Net Exports Natural Gas¹ Consumption 2000 2005 Petroleum and Other Liquids² 1990 2000 1980 1995 1970 1990 1960 1985 1950 0 0 50 75 25 Sources: Tables 5.1a, 6.1, and 7.1. 125 100 100 1980 Percent Production as Share of Consumption by Major Source, 1949-2011 1975 1,003 Consumption 1970 and other liquids estimated U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 107 1965 Exports 1960 13 Imports oduction as share of petroleum 1955 1,094 Production 1950 0 0 0 500 500 Petroleum and other liquids pr Dry natural gas production as share of natural gas consumption. 1,000 1,500 1,000 1,500 1 2 Million Short Tons Million Short Tons consumption. 198 Overview, 1949-2011 Overview, 2011 Figure 7.1 Coal Overview

219 199 e n d ." al s. e, of m 1. er Se • 483.2 494.1 398.1 472.0 523.2 447.0 907.7 895.0 899.2 706.9 732.6 944.1 818.0 962.1 997.5 951.3 904.5 883.6 736.7 562.6 625.2 603.8 680.5 702.7 836.9 791.3 804.2 625.3 1,051.3 1,003.1 1,084.1 1,107.3 1,006.3 1,029.5 1,094.9 1,060.1 1,128.0 1,112.3 1,120.5 1,066.4 1,037.1 1,126.0 1,038.6 R Consumption 1998-2000—EIA, For • (April 2012), Table ES- Losses and Unaccounte 6 Totals may not equal sum • .5 .9 .6 .4 Table 7.6. 2.2 1.7 9.5 6.6 2.9 3.7 6.9 3.1 1.4 7.1 2.8 4.3 4.1 4.0 9.1 8.8 5.7 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Informatio -4.4 -6.3 -3.9 -4.4 -4.9 -1.4 -1.7 -1.6 -1.3 -2.9 -5.5 -4.4 -2.5 -3.4 -1.2 -4.3 R R R R 17.0 15.0 10.8 13.8 12.1 • R R -35.1 7 2001-2004—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Pow • Losses and Unaccounted for Stock Change: 4,5 Waste Coal Supplied: Table 7.5. 7 -.9 -.3 1.9 5.8 4.0 6.5 8.5 () -3.2 -4.0 -7.3 -3.0 -9.7 -4.9 R 11.1 27.8 26.5 22.6 41.6 12.4 32.2 24.0 24.2 42.6 39.7 23.6 10.2 28.7 22.6 25.6 36.2 R R -11.2 -13.7 -19.0 -26.7 -17.5 -11.3 -11.5 -51.9 -48.3 -29.5 -27.9 -24.9 R R Table 7.3. R Stock Change Exports: Table 7.2. Quarterly Coal Report (QCR) October-December 2011 Consumption: 3 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#coal for updated monthly and annu • Production: See Note 1, "Coal Consumption," at end of section. 1949-2000—U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "Monthly Report IM 145 • -94.2 -98.0 -98.7 -62.4 -28.9 -71.7 -18.0 -54.1 -49.4 -65.4 -20.7 -79.1 -29.0 -69.3 -36.5 -47.3 -13.4 -50.8 -22.8 -76.1 -66.3 -19.5 -82.4 -62.5 -37.7 -22.7 -46.0 -90.7 -80.2 -77.9 -83.3 -58.8 -32.5 -52.7 -37.8 -64.0 -90.5 -76.5 -92.9 • -105.5 -103.1 -105.6 -111.5 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#coal for all annual data beginning in 1949. • Net Imports Calculated as the sum of production, imports, and waste coal supplied, minus exports, stock chang Web Pages: Sources: Notes: 2001 forward—Table 7.4. 2005 forward—EIA, Plant Report," and Form EIA-3, "Quarterly Coal Consumption and Quality Report—Manufacturing Plant for: EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generator Report—Nonutility." • Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." Imports: components due to independent rounding. • http://www.eia.gov/coal/ for related information. and consumption. data. 81.7 48.7 71.7 83.5 78.0 88.5 59.1 54.4 90.5 48.0 29.4 66.3 49.9 71.4 43.0 38.0 58.5 59.2 81.5 49.6 74.5 51.0 39.6 58.5 92.7 95.0 40.7 32.8 77.8 66.0 60.0 79.6 81.5 91.7 54.3 85.5 107.3 106.3 109.0 105.8 100.8 102.5 112.5 Trade Exports .3 .3 .7 .2 .4 .9 8.2 3.4 2.7 2.9 9.5 3.8 9.1 7.5 8.1 8.7 8.9 1.7 1.6 0.3 3.0 2.2 1.3 1.0 2.1 1.3 2.0 1.2 2.1 1.2 19.4 19.8 13.1 34.2 36.3 27.3 30.5 36.2 22.6 25.0 12.5 16.9 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (s) Imports 2 8.1 1.4 4.0 6.3 3.3 8.7 8.7 9.1 8.2 8.1 8.6 9.1 8.8 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 13.7 10.1 12.5 14.1 14.1 14.4 10.0 13.4 13.7 11.3 R Supplied Waste Coal 1 781.1 996.0 945.4 670.2 782.1 697.2 684.9 654.6 838.1 895.9 823.8 527.0 883.6 434.3 890.3 490.8 560.4 980.7 480.6 918.8 997.5 950.3 829.7 612.7 1,127.7 1,094.3 1,084.4 1,146.6 1,089.9 1,063.9 1,094.3 1,033.0 1,071.8 1,033.5 1,112.1 1,117.5 1,171.8 1,131.5 1,073.6 1,162.7 1,100.4 1,029.1 1,074.9 1 R Production P The difference between calculated coal supply and disposition, due to coal quantities lost or to data Through 1972, excludes coal stocks at producers and distributors. For 1980-2007, excludes coal Beginning in 2001, includes a small amount of refuse recovery (coal recaptured from a refuse mine, Waste coal (including fine coal, coal obtained from a refuse bank or slurry dam, anthracite culm, Net imports equal imports minus exports. Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports. In 1949, stock change is included in "Losses and Unaccounted for." A negative value indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive value indicates an increase. 3 7 5 2 4 1 6 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.05 million short tons. able 7.1 Coal Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 008 011 991 992 998 981 004 980 nd cleaned to reduce the concentration of noncombustible materials). 986 010 ituminous gob, and lignite waste) consumed by the electric power and industrial sectors. Beginning in 989, waste coal supplied is counted as a supply-side item to balance the same amount of waste coal 989 984 007 009 990 985 988 982 979 993 005 978 994 977 987 003 976 975 000 995 970 965 001 960 002 955 996 950 006 949 999 997 983 tocks in the residential and commercial sectors. (Million Short Tons) eporting problems. ncluded in "Consumption." 1 1 1 1 i 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 s 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 a r 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 b 2 T 1

220 2010 2010 Lignite¹ 2000 2000 Anthracite West of the Mississippi 1990 1990 Bituminous Coal¹ East of the Mississippi 1980 1980 Subbituminous Coal¹ 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 0 Source: Table 7.2. 800 600 400 200 400 600 200 800 Million Short Tons Million Short Tons By Location By Rank 2010 2010 Surface 2000 2000 Underground U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 0 1950 0 900 600 300 300 900 600 1,200 1,500 ¹ Subbituminous coal and lignite are included in bituminous coal prior to 1969. Million Short Tons Million Short Tons 200 Total Figure 7.2 Coal Production, 1949-2011 By Mining Method

221 201 , , e s. s. s. m 1 980.7 612.7 895.9 781.1 996.0 782.1 829.7 890.3 823.8 918.8 997.5 945.4 883.6 838.1 950.3 684.9 654.6 670.2 697.2 560.4 527.0 490.8 480.6 434.3 annual report annual report Total 1,131.5 1,033.0 1,094.3 1,171.8 1,063.9 1,074.9 1,112.1 1,146.6 1,089.9 1,117.5 1,029.1 1,033.5 1,071.8 1,100.4 1,073.6 1,162.7 1,127.7 1,094.3 1,084.4 annual report 1 P R 1989-2000—EIA • 1 Coal Production, Coal Production, 44.9 36.0 26.6 36.4 21.3 27.4 and and 381.7 409.0 370.7 500.2 325.9 274.7 467.2 625.3 308.3 601.4 251.0 488.7 398.9 510.6 429.2 678.5 547.0 324.9 269.9 668.5 627.3 404.7 336.8 637.7 221.4 570.8 273.9 672.0 566.1 602.5 163.9 136.1 110.9 183.0 598.9 638.5 638.2 annual reports. 1 E R Annual Coal Report, West of the (April 2012), Table 1; EIA, Form EIA-7A Mississippi Location 1 Coal Production, Weekly Coal Report Bituminous Coal and Lignite Production and Min and 570.6 469.2 449.6 507.4 493.3 581.9 630.2 564.3 507.5 558.7 493.8 529.6 559.7 484.8 567.8 516.2 492.9 566.3 478.2 578.7 564.4 579.4 490.8 544.2 599.0 563.7 587.6 553.9 591.3 579.6 588.6 533.3 543.7 487.2 548.8 444.2 464.2 524.4 499.5 413.0 528.8 455.8 446.2 2001-2010—EIA, 1 E R • East of the Mississippi 1 annual reports. 794.8 545.9 636.7 604.5 803.7 699.8 634.4 499.0 272.1 744.5 492.2 568.1 814.7 586.9 594.4 700.0 719.0 529.9 481.7 742.9 460.2 654.0 590.3 762.9 507.3 736.9 588.8 532.8 708.6 543.9 669.3 427.4 361.2 389.4 430.6 121.7 132.9 189.0 141.7 139.4 747.1 748.8 747.2 Weekly Coal Production 1 E R Surface Quarterly Coal Report October-December 2011 Mining Method 1979 and 1980—EIA, Energy Data Reports, 2011—EIA, 1981-1988—EIA, • and 1978—EIA, Energy Data Reports, "Coal Production Report"; and U.S. Department of Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration, For • Operations—1977; 1978, Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite 1977; 1978, Coal Industry Annual, • 7000-2, "Quarterly Mine Employment and Coal Production Report." 359.0 367.6 372.9 360.4 373.7 396.2 420.7 337.5 339.2 382.2 399.1 316.5 350.8 417.7 332.1 393.8 357.4 351.1 320.9 357.1 424.5 340.5 352.1 351.8 352.8 407.2 409.8 391.8 368.6 300.4 407.2 266.6 295.5 242.8 293.5 292.6 338.0 421.0 358.0 358.9 380.6 337.2 345.5 E R Underground 1977 • 1 1.7 3.5 1.7 4.8 9.7 4.1 3.5 5.4 4.3 1.3 3.3 4.3 4.2 4.7 1.4 1.6 4.7 1.5 4.8 3.4 4.6 1.9 6.1 4.6 3.6 5.3 1.7 3.6 4.6 4.8 4.7 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.0 1.8 2.3 1.9 1 E R 26.2 44.1 14.9 42.7 18.8 Anthracite "Coal—Bituminous and Lignite" and U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 2 2 2 2 8.0 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 47.2 78.4 86.4 76.4 72.4 72.5 87.2 88.1 75.7 85.1 85.8 88.1 42.5 86.5 78.6 86.5 85.6 84.2 63.1 83.9 90.1 83.5 58.3 86.3 86.4 50.7 89.5 82.5 52.4 88.1 80.0 19.8 25.5 34.4 28.2 78.2 81.0 E R Lignite Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite 1976. and Rank Minerals Yearbook, 1976—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy • 2 2 2 2 2 () () () () () 82.1 96.8 51.1 64.8 16.4 Coal 244.3 189.6 200.2 300.5 474.7 121.5 151.0 160.9 179.2 223.5 465.4 159.7 147.7 345.1 328.0 409.2 255.3 385.9 231.2 442.6 252.2 406.7 523.7 496.4 192.7 438.4 340.3 539.1 274.9 515.3 434.4 514.8 510.5 E R Subbituminous 1 For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#coal. 613.9 650.7 504.1 574.3 542.8 601.7 628.8 577.5 561.6 464.6 613.8 649.5 572.1 555.3 620.2 534.0 437.9 571.2 659.8 651.8 653.8 620.1 588.4 512.1 612.3 516.3 561.5 630.7 608.0 636.6 568.6 415.5 693.2 578.5 581.0 541.5 638.1 640.3 576.7 640.6 611.3 489.5 500.5 • 1 E R Coal Coal—Bituminous and Lignite in 1976 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, • Bituminous Included in "Bituminous Coal." Beginning in 2001, includes a small amount of refuse recovery. 2 1 Web Pages: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Sources: able 7.2 Coal Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ata Reports, Year 985 965 983 978 998 000 992 008 011 002 976 995 005 986 994 970 993 989 003 009 955 979 960 950 997 001 006 987 980 988 999 010 982 949 977 975 991 990 007 981 996 004 984 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/coal/. (Million Short Tons) Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite" chapters. 1 D 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 " 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 1 •

222 2010 93 Electric Power³ 17 2005 Electric Power³ Industrial¹ (²) 15 Transportation 2000 2011 7 CHP) plants whose primary business is to 44 Industrial¹ 1949 1995 Residential, Commercial,¹ and Transportation² (s) 1990 13 Commercial¹ (s) 1985 11 Residential 0 40 80 60 20 Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power ( 100 (s)=Less than 0.5. Source: Table 7.3. 3 1980 Percent sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Sector Shares, 1949 and 2011 1975 929 1970 Electric Power³ U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1965 72 Industrial¹ 1960 2 Commercial¹ 1955 (s) Residential 1950 0 0 900 300 600 600 300 900 For 1978 forward, small amounts of transportation sector use are included in “Industrial.” Includes combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants and a small number of electricity-only 1,200 1,200 1 2 Million Short Tons Million Short Tons plants. By Sector, 2011 By Sector, 1949-2011 202 Figure 7.3 Coal Consumption by Sector

223 203 y e d ly al ia s. k, 8. b, of an Se • Week 562.6 603.8 625.3 447.0 472.0 523.2 398.1 483.2 494.1 680.5 883.6 804.2 702.7 706.9 791.3 836.9 625.2 736.7 732.6 818.0 951.3 962.1 944.1 907.7 904.5 895.0 997.5 899.2 Total 1,128.0 1,120.5 1,126.0 1,112.3 1,107.3 1,094.9 1,060.1 1,084.1 1,038.6 1,006.3 1,037.1 1,066.4 1,029.5 1,003.1 1,051.3 R Tables 8.5 quarterly report Minerals Yearboo Coal—Pennsylvan 1976—U.S. Energ 84.0 91.9 • 406.0 477.1 448.4 143.8 244.8 176.7 320.2 527.1 625.2 593.7 758.4 664.4 569.3 693.8 717.9 596.8 685.1 481.2 850.2 933.6 772.2 940.9 985.8 936.6 964.4 928.6 896.9 921.4 795.1 838.4 783.9 977.5 782.6 831.6 975.1 Total R 2 1,037.5 1,040.6 1,045.1 1,026.6 1,005.1 1,016.3 4.8 8.4 22.3 21.9 22.8 21.8 18.9 16.2 18.4 21.5 17.3 16.3 10.7 17.1 21.6 20.1 17.1 18.7 17.4 15.1 13.9 18.1 20.5 Electric Power Sector: R CHP NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA See Note 1, "Coal Consumption," at end • Coal—Bituminous and Lignite in 1976 Electric Power Sector Table 8.7c. 91.9 84.0 1979 and 1980—EIA, Energy Data Report, 406.0 448.4 477.1 143.8 244.8 320.2 176.7 994.8 920.4 593.7 758.4 904.2 569.3 527.1 717.9 693.8 625.2 773.2 909.6 816.6 967.1 983.5 946.1 832.9 781.2 924.7 685.1 664.4 767.4 960.1 821.2 774.2 878.8 596.8 481.2 913.6 954.5 Only • R 1,022.8 1,004.8 1,015.6 1,017.8 Electricity 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines (BOM), • 1977 and 1978—EIA, Energy Data Reports, • .7 .3 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 Industrial CHP: Quarterly Coal Report (QCR) October-December, (s) (s) (s) 3.0 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 63.0 17.0 70.2 Sector and Transportation Weekly Coal Report. All Other Data: and 92.8 76.5 94.1 85.9 82.4 85.5 95.6 60.6 79.3 84.4 83.8 91.3 71.7 73.2 R 101.7 115.2 109.3 106.1 106.4 106.2 116.6 106.9 103.4 212.6 217.8 224.6 200.8 116.4 117.8 103.0 112.1 134.5 177.4 127.0 139.2 146.5 105.0 111.5 145.1 118.1 128.4 186.6 147.2 Total See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#coal for updated monthly and annu • 1981-2004—EIA, • Commercial CHP See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of Section • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#coal for all annual data beginning in 1949. 59.5 76.3 64.7 74.9 65.3 62.2 67.4 60.3 56.6 75.4 60.7 54.4 76.1 65.2 75.2 71.5 73.1 71.7 45.3 74.0 61.3 50.3 73.7 75.2 66.0 64.1 67.4 60.3 67.7 63.1 61.5 61.8 63.6 90.2 75.4 76.3 75.6 96.0 52.1 • R 110.1 120.6 121.2 105.6 Total Web Pages: Sources: 2005 forward—EIA, QCR October-December 2011 (April 2012), Table 32. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. for the amount of coal used to produce useful thermal output. • Anthracite 1977; 1978, Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite 1976. • Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, section. Coal Report. data. "Coal—Bituminous and Lignite" and "Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite" chapters. http://www.eia.gov/coal/ for related information. 8.5c, 8.6b, and 8.7b. 6 34.5 38.9 43.7 37.2 41.7 48.5 51.3 45.5 39.5 42.3 37.0 34.1 36.4 46.0 35.6 34.5 48.4 25.5 34.2 45.8 32.5 25.6 75.2 96.0 61.5 60.3 73.7 67.4 75.4 61.8 67.7 75.6 64.1 63.6 63.1 76.3 90.2 66.0 27.4 R 105.6 110.1 120.6 121.2 Non-CHP Other Industrial Industrial Sector 5 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 27.8 21.9 26.2 27.8 26.6 25.3 28.9 24.8 28.6 25.8 29.4 22.5 29.7 27.0 28.2 29.9 28.0 19.8 25.9 24.9 29.4 24.7 24.6 CHP R 22.7 31.7 26.1 23.7 28.9 31.7 24.2 31.3 28.2 33.9 15.3 40.5 30.2 23.7 22.1 28.1 33.0 23.4 38.9 32.4 23.0 21.4 21.1 71.4 77.7 35.9 96.5 95.3 91.4 41.1 84.7 40.9 81.4 77.4 61.0 83.6 66.7 37.0 37.0 44.0 41.9 107.7 104.0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Coke Plants 5.4 5.3 5.0 2.9 5.8 3.2 5.0 3.2 2.9 4.3 5.1 4.6 3.7 4.3 5.1 4.9 3.7 4.3 3.9 5.1 3.9 2.5 2.7 7.1 6.6 7.1 6.1 6.7 5.3 6.3 7.4 5.6 6.1 6.8 6.4 5.9 5.1 7.3 11.0 64.1 63.0 32.9 16.8 Total 1 4 .8 2.8 2.7 2.1 2.9 3.8 3.7 1.9 3.6 3.8 4.2 3.6 2.4 3.7 1.2 4.0 2.5 2.4 1.1 1.1 3.9 1.1 1.0 5.9 7.3 5.3 6.7 5.6 7.1 6.3 6.4 7.4 7.1 6.1 6.1 5.1 6.8 6.6 64.1 63.0 16.8 32.9 11.0 Other Commercial Sector 3 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 1.4 1.9 1.4 1.3 1.4 2.0 1.4 1.8 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.1 1.9 1.9 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.2 1.6 1.7 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) R CHP 1 .6 .5 .4 .4 .5 .5 .4 .3 .5 .5 .8 .9 .3 .7 .7 .4 .6 .3 1.4 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.1 9.0 1.3 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.1 2.8 2.5 2.6 1.1 51.6 52.4 14.6 35.6 24.2 See Tables 8.5a–8.5d for the amount of coal used to produce electricity and Tables 8.6a–8.6c Sector • Residential P Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of commercial electricity-only Included in "Industrial Non-CHP." Included in "Commercial Other." Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of industrial electricity-only plants. All industrial sector fuel use other than that in "Coke Plants" and "Industrial CHP." All commercial sector fuel use other than that in "Commercial CHP." See Note 2, "Residential and Commercial Coal Consumption Estimates," at end of section. 8 2 6 1 3 5 7 4 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.05 million short tons. able 7.3 Coal Consumption by Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 lectric utility CHP plants are included in "Electricity Only." Year 998 975 000 989 010 008 979 994 978 005 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for 996 lectric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. 980 976 992 949 999 lants, such as those at hospitals and universities. 004 001 993 965 007 982 977 991 009 003 002 986 997 988 011 981 985 987 983 970 955 984 006 990 995 960 950 (Million Short Tons) 2 p E e p 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 2

224 2011 2010 Colombia 73% Total ndonesia 2009 I 13.1 million short tons 2008 10% 9% Canada Indonesia Canada 13% Venezuela 6% Indonesia 7% Canada Colombia 2007 Other 2% 2006 Venezuela Source: Table 7.4. By Country, 2011 2011 2005 2010 2009 2004 2008 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2007 2003 2006 2005 2002 2004 2003 2001 2002 2001 2000 2000 0 5 0 15 30 10 20 25 20 10 30 40 Note: Sum of components may not equal 100 percent due to independent rounding. Million Short Tons Million Short Tons Total, 2000-2011 By Selected Country, 2000-2011 204 Figure 7.4 Coal Imports by Country of Origin

225 r, ." 205 13.1 34.2 22.6 16.9 36.3 36.2 19.4 25.0 27.3 19.8 30.5 12.5 Total .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other .0 .0 .1 .0 .1 .1 .1 .4 0.0 (s) (s) (s) South Africa .1 .2 .2 .1 .6 .8 .6 1.1 (s) (s) (s) (s) Total Quarterly Coal Report October-Decembe .2 .1 .1 0.0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other .0 .0 .1 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) United Kingdom .1 .0 .0 .1 .0 .0 0.0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Ukraine Europe .9 .0 .1 .1 .3 .0 .2 .1 .4 (s) (s) (s) Russia .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .1 .0 .1 .1 .5 2000—U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "Monthly Report IM 145 0.0 • (s) Poland .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 Sources: 0.0 2001 forward—U.S. Energy Information Administration, (s) (s) (s) quarterly reports. • Norway .9 .9 2.1 3.4 3.1 0.7 2.1 3.7 2.5 1.0 1.9 2.2 Indonesia .0 .0 .0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) India .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) China .8 .6 3.4 4.6 4.2 2.3 3.3 1.3 4.4 2.0 3.3 3.7 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Venezuela 9.5 9.2 7.6 26.3 26.9 25.3 15.5 17.8 16.7 14.6 21.2 11.2 Colombia .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Mexico 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.9 2.1 2.0 1.3 2.0 1.9 2.6 1.8 2.0 Canada .0 .0 .0 .1 .1 .0 .0 .0 0.0 New (s) (s) (s) Zealand .1 .3 .1 .1 .2 .2 .4 .2 .3 .3 .8 0.2 Australia P Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.05 million short tons. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/coal/. able 7.4 Coal Imports by Country of Origin, 2000-2011 Year 010 003 009 005 004 000 011 002 008 006 001 007 (Million Short Tons) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 T 2

226 2010 4.8 Germany Japan Canada 5.6 Italy Brazil 2005 6.8 Canada 2000 6.9 Japan 6.9 United Kingdom Netherlands 1995 8.7 Brazil 1990 10.8 lands Nether- 2 6 0 4 8 12 10 Million Short Tons By Selected Country, 2011 1985 2010 Total 1980 Europe 2005 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1975 1995 1990 1985 1970 1980 1975 1965 1970 1965 1960 0 1960 0 25 75 50 30 20 10 100 125 Source: Table 7.5. Million Short Tons Million Short Tons 206 By Selected Country, 1960-2011 Total and Europe, 1960-2011 Figure 7.5 Coal Exports by Country of Destination

227 207 y r, al Co 59.1 90.5 88.5 59.2 85.5 39.6 95.0 83.5 79.6 49.6 71.4 74.5 58.5 78.0 60.7 66.3 91.7 77.8 56.7 81.7 66.0 81.5 57.3 50.1 71.7 51.0 43.0 48.7 58.5 48.0 49.9 92.7 81.5 53.6 56.9 50.1 51.2 60.0 38.0 54.3 40.7 Total 102.5 106.3 100.8 109.0 105.8 112.5 107.3 U.S. Exports b 3 .9 .9 7.1 2.6 4.1 6.1 5.8 4.1 6.0 1.2 1.8 2.6 1.1 9.4 1.0 1.2 3.6 3.6 6.7 8.7 5.4 7.5 6.2 7.2 9.9 1.6 1.0 1.2 2.1 1.3 3.5 2.5 12.4 14.2 10.1 11.4 12.9 12.3 11.0 12.7 13.0 11.8 10.7 11.3 11.4 10.1 21.0 30.9 Other .3 .9 1.3 4.4 7.7 7.8 7.5 2.1 5.0 2.1 4.4 8.0 1.7 3.2 5.6 6.9 27.3 15.7 12.3 19.7 25.4 10.5 11.8 17.9 23.1 18.0 27.6 15.4 25.9 25.8 11.9 11.1 13.8 12.3 14.1 13.3 10.2 11.4 16.3 18.8 21.4 15.8 19.2 12.2 10.1 15.9 (s) (s) Japan Quarterly Coal Report October-Decembe 15.6 16.9 19.0 20.8 57.3 27.1 30.1 41.9 23.9 47.2 16.1 33.1 16.6 25.0 33.8 48.6 21.8 23.1 25.1 20.8 22.5 51.3 51.6 35.8 37.6 42.6 57.0 15.1 15.2 45.1 18.8 58.4 34.2 32.8 41.3 65.5 45.1 14.4 19.9 38.2 15.5 15.2 19.4 40.3 17.1 53.9 15.0 11.0 Total 3 .9 1.8 6.6 3.9 7.7 5.3 5.3 1.1 4.4 6.0 1.1 4.2 5.8 1.6 8.7 4.7 1.8 2.3 2.5 2.4 3.5 6.0 4.1 8.2 5.8 7.2 5.9 2.1 7.4 8.1 3.9 6.0 6.4 7.1 2.3 8.2 5.3 1.9 1.3 1.3 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.1 10.6 10.5 13.9 Other 1989-2000—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • 2001 forward—EIA, • .8 .9 .6 .4 1.9 2.4 4.7 3.3 1.9 6.2 2.6 4.6 4.4 5.9 1.7 5.8 1.4 5.6 1.2 3.4 4.1 1.4 6.9 3.2 2.5 2.6 3.7 2.9 4.5 2.3 3.4 1.5 2.7 6.2 1.8 4.1 2.9 5.2 7.2 2.0 2.0 – – – – (s) (s) (s) United Kingdom .6 .9 .8 .8 .6 1.4 2.0 2.0 2.5 1.4 1.6 2.2 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.2 2.9 2.0 1.7 2.4 2.2 1.5 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.1 1.6 2.2 1.3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA annual reports. Turkey 1960-1988—U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, • .8 1.8 2.7 2.2 1.4 3.2 2.0 1.2 2.1 2.6 1.9 1.5 2.5 1.0 4.7 1.5 0.3 3.3 4.1 2.7 3.4 3.2 2.4 1.9 1.4 1.7 4.5 1.6 1.8 1.6 2.6 2.5 3.3 2.5 6.4 3.8 5.6 2.3 4.1 1.6 4.7 1.9 1.8 4.1 2.5 4.1 1.5 3.5 Spain Web Page: For all data beginning in 1960, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#coal. Sources: Industry Annual, Schedule B Commodities, EM 522. quarterly reports; and U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "Monthly Report EM 545." 3.4 2.3 2.1 2.6 2.2 1.8 3.5 1.5 1.7 1.6 3.2 2.1 1.6 7.1 4.7 2.6 7.3 2.1 5.9 4.5 2.0 2.8 7.3 7.0 4.2 4.6 9.1 6.1 5.1 2.1 5.6 3.4 1.1 5.6 5.5 8.4 2.5 4.9 4.1 9.6 5.9 2.6 2.0 4.8 2.0 6.8 6.3 10.8 lands Nether- Europe 4.2 5.9 3.7 3.1 4.3 3.9 4.3 3.3 3.7 9.0 7.8 2.7 4.5 4.9 8.1 9.1 9.3 7.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 9.2 3.7 3.3 2.3 5.0 5.3 5.6 4.0 5.4 3.2 2.1 4.1 2.5 7.6 7.0 9.5 2.8 6.9 7.5 11.2 11.1 10.4 11.3 10.3 10.5 11.9 11.3 Italy 2 .9 .6 .6 .5 .8 .6 .9 .7 .9 .5 .5 .9 .7 .3 .7 4.7 3.8 4.7 4.9 1.5 1.6 3.5 1.0 2.0 5.0 2.9 2.4 1.0 1.5 2.3 2.6 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.1 2.7 2.0 4.3 1.7 2.5 1.1 4.6 2.5 1.0 2.3 2.5 1.0 4.8 Germany U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3.2 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.5 2.3 3.6 1.7 1.3 1.7 2.2 2.0 2.5 2.7 3.6 6.5 3.8 1.6 4.3 9.0 1.3 2.1 3.2 1.1 4.5 1.3 3.4 9.7 3.7 0.8 2.9 6.9 2.9 3.0 4.0 3.5 5.4 9.5 7.8 3.2 4.2 3.4 2.4 8.1 3.9 3.9 4.0 France .1 .4 .1 .3 .3 .2 .5 .1 .4 .9 .1 .3 .4 .1 .6 .3 .1 .2 2.8 1.3 3.9 3.2 2.1 2.2 1.7 1.7 3.8 4.7 0.1 3.2 2.8 2.1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) Denmark 1 .8 .6 .9 8.5 4.3 1.1 1.4 7.5 2.4 1.8 5.2 2.2 4.5 4.9 2.7 2.2 2.5 1.8 2.9 4.6 1.5 1.1 4.6 2.2 7.1 2.1 3.9 1.9 1.2 1.7 3.2 4.4 1.1 4.3 4.8 2.3 4.6 3.1 2.1 7.2 1.1 4.4 2.1 3.2 1.1 6.5 2.8 3.1 Belgium 1.7 4.6 6.4 6.5 7.5 3.1 2.3 5.8 2.8 7.9 4.5 6.4 5.9 7.4 6.5 4.4 1.9 1.2 1.7 5.7 1.8 5.7 2.0 4.4 4.7 3.5 2.2 3.3 6.5 5.8 4.2 2.0 1.5 1.6 5.5 7.1 2.7 1.9 1.8 5.3 1.3 5.2 6.4 3.6 3.5 4.5 1.1 8.7 Brazil 8.9 9.4 9.2 6.8 19.5 19.1 16.8 17.1 14.5 16.3 18.4 17.8 17.3 18.6 15.7 17.2 20.8 12.8 18.0 12.0 15.5 16.7 19.2 16.9 15.8 18.7 23.0 11.4 17.6 20.4 19.9 16.7 18.2 16.5 18.8 15.0 16.2 15.1 11.2 16.4 14.2 17.7 10.6 19.8 17.5 20.7 17.3 19.5 Canada P Through 1990, data for Germany are for the former West Germany only. Beginning in 1991, data for See source publications for data for countries included in "Other." Through 1999, includes Luxembourg. 3 2 1 P=Preliminary. NA=Not Available. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.05 million short tons. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. able 7.5 Coal Exports by Country of Destination, Selected Years, 1960-2011 ermany are for the unified Germany, i.e., the former East Germany and West Germany. Year 982 984 009 987 967 008 007 965 968 978 011 988 006 969 983 993 970 989 995 986 004 979 971 966 003 960 990 002 972 001 010 973 981 000 991 985 974 999 977 975 998 980 992 996 997 976 994 005 (Million Short Tons) 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 G 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 T 1

228 2010 9 Sector Industrial 2005 Industrial Sector 2000 Producers and Distributors 42 Electric Power Sector¹ Producers and Distributors 1995 1990 175 Electric Power Sector¹ 1985 0 75 25 50 100 200 175 150 125 Million Short Tons Source: Table 7.6. Electric Power, Producer/Distributor, and Industrial Stocks, 2011 1980 2010 1975 Total 2000 1970 Electric Power Sector¹ U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1965 1980 1960 1970 1955 1960 1950 1950 0 0 50 50 Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants whose primary business is to 200 150 100 100 150 250 200 1 Million Short Tons Million Short Tons sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. 208 Electric Power, Producer/Distributor, and Industrial Stocks, 1949-2011 Total and Electric Power Stocks, 1949-2011 Figure 7.6 Coal Stocks, End of Year

229 209 e d ly s, s. s, rt, Se • quarter 77.3 49.5 78.6 93.0 75.2 71.7 226.2 233.6 140.4 171.5 148.9 140.4 201.6 232.0 203.4 213.8 207.3 209.4 188.8 202.6 175.1 228.4 231.3 164.6 144.3 186.9 181.9 165.5 197.7 188.6 151.6 192.8 169.1 154.0 169.4 200.7 145.7 192.1 140.3 202.8 166.6 244.8 205.1 Total P R Coal—Bituminous an 1949-1975—Bureau of Mine • 1979—EIA, Energy Data Repo • 78.6 71.7 49.5 77.3 93.0 75.2 183.7 184.3 157.3 134.7 128.3 106.4 158.4 204.0 197.2 146.1 185.5 195.3 185.3 168.7 175.2 170.2 168.2 150.4 108.4 158.8 112.9 120.5 136.1 148.9 163.7 127.2 149.1 146.0 134.6 109.3 167.7 123.0 128.1 182.0 145.9 197.1 170.4 Total P R 1977 and 1978—EIA, Energy Data Report • All Other Data: 2 Weekly Coal Report. 22.1 54.5 51.7 71.9 31.8 41.4 98.8 133.2 117.4 110.7 175.1 174.9 161.8 170.8 179.7 181.1 156.4 146.5 135.9 155.6 168.9 156.2 183.0 141.7 121.6 141.0 151.2 154.1 126.3 114.6 111.3 102.3 120.5 157.9 101.1 141.6 106.7 126.9 138.5 159.7 128.2 161.6 189.5 Quarterly Coal Report (QCR) October-December, P R and Power Electric Sector Table 8.8. 1980-2004—EIA, • 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) "Coal—Bituminous and Lignite" and "Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite" chapter Sector Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite 1976. Transportation and Electric Power Sector: 2005 forward—EIA, QCR October-December 2011 (April 2012), Table 37. • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#coal for all annual data beginning in 1949. • Sources: 1976—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, 8.3 8.6 7.6 9.4 7.6 7.2 7.6 6.1 9.1 5.6 8.2 7.5 8.4 7.5 8.3 9.8 6.2 9.2 9.6 7.1 8.3 • Minerals Yearbook, Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite 1977; 1978, Lignite in 1976 Weekly Coal Report. reports. http://www.eia.gov/coal/ for related information. data. P R 14.1 11.9 16.4 12.0 10.2 13.1 21.0 13.9 17.5 14.7 13.4 23.8 22.8 26.0 23.9 21.9 43.0 29.3 17.3 17.0 17.3 20.8 Total Consumers 1 6.3 6.0 4.7 4.8 7.4 5.6 8.8 7.0 5.7 5.6 4.6 9.9 5.7 9.5 5.6 7.1 5.5 8.7 6.7 5.8 6.5 8.7 6.6 6.0 5.6 5.1 7.1 8.5 6.0 9.0 P R 10.4 10.4 12.0 10.8 11.3 26.2 11.1 13.1 16.1 15.9 11.6 11.8 11.8 Other Industrial Sector U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .9 2.9 2.7 6.5 2.6 4.6 4.3 2.9 9.1 6.2 2.6 2.0 2.7 3.4 1.3 3.0 2.4 1.9 3.9 1.4 2.0 3.1 1.5 3.3 2.6 1.5 2.8 1.9 2.6 2.3 9.0 2.0 8.8 9.9 8.3 1.9 P 12.8 13.4 10.2 10.0 11.1 16.8 10.6 Coke Plants .6 .2 .2 .3 .4 .5 .4 .3 .7 .2 .5 .6 P 1.4 1.0 2.5 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Sectors Residential and Commercial 33.0 39.5 30.4 12.1 33.1 35.9 34.4 47.7 35.0 31.9 20.7 24.4 36.5 38.3 34.1 34.0 29.0 24.1 28.3 36.5 34.0 33.2 25.3 33.4 33.9 32.1 34.7 14.2 20.8 41.2 34.0 43.3 28.6 14.2 36.8 49.8 41.9 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#coal for updated monthly and annual E R and • NA NA NA NA NA NA Producers Distributors Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Through 1977, data are for stocks held by the manufacturing and transportation sectors. Beginning in Included in "Industrial Sector Other." 2 3 1 Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. Web Pages: able 7.6 Coal Stocks by Sector, Selected Years, End of Year 1949-2011 Year 982 010 006 007 955 981 998 987 003 993 978 960 008 988 002 977 965 995 011 984 949 999 992 989 001 970 996 990 976 009 005 000 997 975 985 991 980 994 950 978, data are for stocks held at manufacturing plants only. 986 004 979 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1998, data are for 983 lectric utilities only; beginning in 1999, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. (Million Short Tons) 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 p 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 e 2 T 1

230 i 15.98 pp Mississippi 19.34 West of the Surface 2.68 Mississippi East of the West of the Mississi 5.54 5 0 Underground 20 15 10 Short Tons per Employee Hour By Location, 2011 i 3.03 pp Surface 8.86 Surface 2.52 East of the Mississi Underground 2.76 Underground 6 0 12 24 18 3 6 0 9 12 Source: Table 7.7. Short Tons per Employee Hour Short Tons per Employee Hour By Region and Mining Method, 2011 By Mining Method, 2011 2010 2010 2000 2000 Underground Surface U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1949-2011 1 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 3 6 9 For 1979 forward, includes all coal; prior to 1979, excludes anthracite. 2 8 0 4 6 12 Note: Beginning in 2001, surface mining includes a small amount of refuse recovery. 1 Short Tons per Employee Hour Short Tons per Employee Hour 210 Total, 1949-2011 By Mining Method, Figure 7.7 Coal Mining Productivity

231 211 , y d d 7 e s. ta 197 • 2 .76 2.11 1.93 2.10 1.81 2.50 1.78 1.77 1.81 2.30 2.09 1.80 0.72 1.52 1.14 4.09 6.99 3.55 6.80 4.36 6.95 3.01 6.80 4.70 3.70 6.36 4.98 5.38 3.83 5.69 6.26 6.27 6.04 5.96 5.61 2.74 6.20 6.61 2.64 3.30 5.22 6.82 5.55 2 R Total annual report 1989-2000—EIA • 1979—EIA, Energy Da • 2 8.73 7.40 9.38 7.07 7.90 annual reports. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA "Coal—Bituminous and Lignite" an 16.04 12.14 16.27 18.23 10.21 17.18 16.15 18.33 17.62 10.41 13.22 11.03 14.18 18.67 10.79 18.50 18.06 15.66 17.77 19.00 15.98 16.60 18.32 Total 2 Annual Coal Report, Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite 1976. and Coal Production, 2 Minerals Yearbook, Bituminous Coal and Lignite Production and Min 8.61 8.15 9.86 9.02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 12.49 22.04 12.26 19.57 21.42 22.35 11.86 18.82 12.36 15.19 16.23 22.26 19.85 13.94 21.85 18.63 20.04 21.98 17.89 20.67 10.73 19.34 20.63 20.25 2001-2010—EIA, 2 1976—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energ R • Surface • West of the Mississippi 1980-1988—EIA, • Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite 1977; 1978. and annual reports. 8.33 2.80 8.22 5.18 7.03 6.62 3.39 6.32 6.82 4.85 6.76 6.07 7.48 5.93 2.49 2.45 4.53 7.45 3.55 6.52 4.01 5.51 7.66 7.80 3.92 5.54 8.39 5.54 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R Underground Coal—Bituminous and Lignite in 1976 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, • Location Coal Production—1979. 2 Sources: 2011—EIA, Form EIA-7A, "Coal Production Report," and U.S. Department of Labor, Mine Safety an Report, • Operations—1977; 1978 Data Reports, Health Administration, Form 7000-2, "Quarterly Mine Employment and Coal Production Report." and 1978—EIA, Energy Data Reports, Coal Industry Annual, "Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite" chapters. 4.18 3.28 2.21 2.00 3.89 3.89 3.86 3.44 2.42 3.63 1.98 3.45 2.94 3.97 2.54 3.29 3.85 3.11 3.72 3.07 2.86 2.63 3.27 2.73 3.12 2.68 2.84 3.98 2 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R Total 2 3.74 3.95 3.61 3.75 3.58 2.56 4.82 3.85 2.99 2.75 3.74 4.48 4.03 4.18 3.33 3.74 3.13 4.25 4.22 2.52 3.49 3.32 2.97 4.49 4.31 3.03 3.24 4.53 2 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Surface East of the Mississippi U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ) 3.63 3.06 1.75 3.74 3.19 1.96 3.02 2.16 3.67 2.81 3.68 3.69 3.89 2.82 3.03 3.28 3.36 3.59 2.59 2.32 2.87 1.69 2.46 2.39 2.74 2.52 3.71 2.66 1 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R Underground 2 7.67 9.81 5.94 6.38 4.24 6.59 4.98 5.32 4.03 3.36 3.81 7.23 3.42 9.22 4.60 9.58 5.61 8.48 3.08 9.46 3.21 9.05 8.86 4.10 2.65 1.96 1.92 3.25 3.03 4.53 3.26 2.91 9.46 3.16 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 R 10.36 10.18 10.75 10.03 10.39 11.01 10.24 10.55 10.58 2 Surface Mining Method .72 For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#coal. 3 1.72 3.34 3.96 2.38 2.46 4.15 1.37 3.19 1.13 3.98 2.00 3.15 1.20 3.62 3.90 2.20 3.57 1.61 2.95 2.54 2.99 4.02 4.04 3.37 1.29 2.69 2.93 3.39 3.99 1.78 3.83 1.04 2.89 1.33 1.72 1.04 0.68 2.76 1.19 1.75 1.09 1.14 • 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 R Underground P Data through 1973 for bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, and lignite, and data through 1978 for Beginning in 2001, includes a small amount of refuse recovery. Through 1978, data for anthracite are not available by mining method, but are included in "Total." 1 3 2 Web Pages: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. able 7.7 Coal Mining Productivity, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 003 001 984 982 010 997 975 999 991 994 985 007 976 993 004 992 965 988 002 996 979 960 011 977 987 008 000 986 998 005 981 990 970 989 949 978 nthracite, were originally reported in short tons per employee day—these data were converted to short 009 950 980 ividing total production by total labor hours worked by all mine employees except office workers; beginning 995 983 955 006 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/coal/. (Short Tons per Employee Hour ons per employee hour by assuming an eight-hour day. Through 1997, other data were calculated by n 1998, the calculation also includes office workers. t a T d 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 i 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 •

232 2010 2010 Exports 2000 Imports 2005 1990 2000 Consumption Production 1980 1995 1970 1990 1960 1985 1950 2 8 0 6 4 Million Short Tons Trade 1980 1975 15.8 1970 Consumption U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1.0 1965 Exports 1960 1.4 Imports 1955 15.4 Production 1950 5 0 0 10 20 15 20 80 60 40 Source: Table 7.8. Million Short Tons Million Short Tons Production and Consumption, 1949-2011 212 Overview, 2011 Figure 7.8 Coke Overview

233 l. r. ly al 213 quarter 3 Coke and Co 22.5 18.8 30.0 53.8 17.0 28.9 25.8 18.2 24.0 23.2 15.8 25.8 53.7 65.4 56.9 56.8 29.7 27.7 24.0 63.2 27.8 10.3 20.2 24.2 24.7 24.7 63.2 23.1 17.3 54.1 41.3 25.6 73.4 14.8 29.1 25.0 56.9 76.1 19.6 22.4 29.9 44.0 19.4 Consumption "Coke and Coal Chemicals" chapte 2 .3 .3 .3 .2 .5 .1 .4 .1 .7 .2 .2 -.1 -.5 -.4 -.4 -.7 -.5 -.1 -.1 -.1 -.2 -.4 -.2 -.1 1.7 1.5 4.1 1.5 3.4 1.0 0.2 -1.0 -4.7 -1.2 -1.9 -1.2 -2.9 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Minerals Yearbook, Quarterly Coal Report (QCR) October-December, Stock Change 1981-2004—EIA, • 1 For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#coa .4 .4 .6 .2 .9 .5 .3 -.4 -.7 -.9 -.2 -.5 -.5 -.2 -.6 -.6 -.7 • 2.5 2.5 2.4 1.0 2.6 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.2 2.5 1.9 5.6 2.7 1.2 5.0 2.0 2.5 2.3 1.4 -1.4 -1.0 -0.3 -2.3 (s) (s) 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines, • annual reports. Net Imports 2005 forward—EIA, QCR October-December 2011 (April 2012), Table ES-2. • Sources: Web Pages: 1976-1980—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report, For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/coal/. reports. Chemicals, • • .8 .7 .4 .7 .6 .6 .7 .8 .4 .7 .8 .5 .9 1.0 1.3 0.5 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.0 2.5 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.0 2.1 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.6 1.4 2.0 1.1 1.4 Trade Exports U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .6 .5 .3 .1 .6 .9 .2 .1 .8 .3 .1 .7 .1 .4 1.4 3.1 3.8 3.6 5.7 4.0 3.2 2.5 3.8 3.3 1.8 1.2 4.1 3.8 2.2 2.5 3.5 2.5 1.8 2.1 1.3 1.2 2.8 3.2 0.3 2.3 6.9 2.7 (s) Imports 15.4 18.9 30.4 49.0 16.2 66.9 23.7 20.0 72.7 24.0 46.1 75.3 11.1 57.2 23.2 20.8 23.1 24.9 53.5 16.4 66.5 28.9 63.6 16.7 42.8 52.9 27.6 28.1 58.3 22.1 15.0 16.8 22.7 15.6 28.0 26.3 23.4 16.9 57.2 17.2 25.8 20.0 28.4 Production P Producer and distributor stocks at end of year. A negative value indicates a decrease in stocks; a "Consumption" is calculated as the sum of production and imports minus exports and stock change. Net imports equal imports minus exports. Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports. 3 2 1 P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.05 million short tons. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. able 7.8 Coke Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 010 001 984 949 970 989 990 006 977 000 983 950 999 003 987 007 978 998 976 965 004 ositive value indicates an increase. 002 008 979 997 985 996 988 960 005 009 991 980 995 992 982 986 011 975 994 955 981 993 (Million Short Tons) 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 p 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 T 2 1 1

234 2010 Total 36.91 2005 Coal 15.80 Subbituminous 2000 19.38 Lignite 1995 Coal 57.64 Bituminous 1990 70.99 1985 Anthracite 0 40 30 20 70 10 80 60 50 Nominal Dollars² per Short Ton Source: Table 7.9. ² See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. By Type, 2011 1980 1975 2010 Lignite 2000 1970 nthracite A U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Subbituminous Coal 1990 1965 1980 Coal Bituminous 1960 1970 1955 1960 1950 1950 0 0 30 60 90 40 80 60 20 120 ¹ In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price defla- Real (2005) Dollars¹ per Short Ton Real (2005) Dollars¹ per Short Ton tors in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. 214 Total, 1949-2011 By Type, 1949-2011 Figure 7.9 Coal Prices

235 215 . , l. d n ls s. nt ta 3 Minera 23.59 32.56 24.37 54.23 22.25 30.11 35.59 23.07 32.92 30.29 20.65 45.06 21.43 19.50 24.66 25.95 54.06 18.91 26.05 51.58 24.28 28.72 37.77 32.08 57.60 36.14 28.78 18.96 55.07 50.51 19.16 22.82 49.14 31.36 28.25 27.46 42.81 35.41 20.59 25.35 52.80 40.89 19.15 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R annual report and Energy Da 2001-2010—EIA • and BOM, Total 2 1976—U.S. Energy Informatio 5.19 4.55 4.83 5.24 4.69 6.34 • 23.59 36.91 25.20 17.67 18.50 33.24 25.16 25.98 18.83 17.98 24.65 19.35 21.76 25.61 21.82 26.40 17.38 16.63 27.25 19.41 19.85 19.93 31.25 18.14 26.20 23.75 19.56 21.03 23.79 16.78 19.95 21.49 17.85 21.86 23.07 22.07 35.61 Coal Production, R Coal Production, Nominal Bituminous Coal and Lignite Production an 1979—EIA, • 3 Minerals Yearbook. 41.00 62.62 51.82 90.70 67.34 45.12 44.70 52.04 54.52 41.09 45.32 44.23 53.62 48.19 95.50 48.57 48.75 49.18 93.75 46.10 84.71 50.14 42.69 61.38 52.98 43.04 70.04 42.25 42.07 74.32 63.73 87.18 52.54 92.26 61.70 96.04 65.87 55.96 89.89 88.95 40.45 41.50 80.61 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1980-1992—EIA, • Coal—Bituminous and Lignite in 1976, annual reports and unpublished revisions. 2011—EIA, Form EIA-7A, "Coal Production Report," and U.S • Anthracite 2 8.90 9.34 8.51 8.01 8.00 41.00 70.99 39.77 49.87 43.61 32.26 11.03 52.24 36.07 42.91 34.86 57.10 43.65 36.78 44.12 44.28 35.13 52.29 36.34 42.51 47.78 47.67 35.25 33.92 34.24 60.76 39.78 32.94 39.40 35.12 48.22 40.90 45.80 49.85 42.93 44.16 41.06 59.51 R Nominal Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite. annual reports. Coal Industry Annual, and For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#coa • 3 1949-1975—Bureau of Mines (BOM), 1977 and 1978—EIA, Energy Data Reports, • • 9.44 7.64 Coal—Pennsylvania Anthracite. R 13.49 17.10 13.56 12.68 11.90 10.68 14.34 17.47 15.73 17.65 12.89 15.20 14.11 16.35 13.47 12.30 14.24 16.74 16.93 12.95 13.27 14.02 12.71 14.19 15.90 14.55 16.90 16.44 14.05 17.19 12.86 10.53 15.00 14.80 16.89 12.70 17.33 13.13 10.67 14.02 12.01 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 1 Web Pages: Sources: 1993-2000—EIA, For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/coal/. • Department of Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration, Form 7000-2, "Quarterly Mine Employme Mine Operations, Yearbook. Annual Coal Report, • Report, and Coal Production Report." Administration (EIA), Energy Data Report, Lignite 2 9.91 9.91 6.48 7.60 8.85 9.79 4.03 3.74 2.38 1.86 2.37 3.17 2.29 5.68 2.13 2.41 13.49 19.38 14.89 10.83 11.20 14.00 12.27 10.92 11.07 11.52 11.41 11.08 11.04 10.91 10.13 10.68 17.26 10.89 16.50 10.06 10.81 10.85 10.45 10.77 10.64 11.11 18.76 R Nominal 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8.68 9.93 9.64 8.21 8.39 8.02 8.13 7.35 9.46 7.96 8.77 7.91 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) R R R R R R R 13.94 10.06 14.60 20.75 24.11 20.40 15.59 11.92 22.60 21.80 13.42 12.94 12.71 19.46 23.30 11.34 12.64 17.46 23.18 12.17 10.47 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 Subbituminous Coal 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8.68 9.70 7.12 6.67 9.33 6.96 7.42 8.12 7.73 6.87 7.87 9.68 9.55 8.37 9.68 8.10 7.34 9.95 () () () () () () () () () () 15.80 13.35 13.37 12.41 10.69 11.08 10.45 12.57 10.16 13.03 12.18 11.32 12.26 12.31 14.11 R Nominal 3 36.80 50.85 32.12 31.32 50.52 25.89 28.82 36.74 51.21 49.94 27.22 55.99 22.32 61.04 34.96 25.31 41.26 27.17 47.33 28.40 27.54 54.85 58.91 37.96 33.16 54.50 60.28 30.27 53.96 38.41 29.06 31.57 33.80 39.38 33.40 57.97 38.09 56.62 27.95 43.49 62.35 45.78 29.12 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 4,R 4,R 4,R 4,R 4,R 4,R 4,R 4,R 4,R 4,R 2 Bituminous Coal 4.90 4.86 4.71 4.51 4.45 6.30 4 4 4 4 4 4 30.56 36.80 24.64 28.84 24.87 31.11 27.43 32.15 26.15 24.15 30.63 29.17 27.49 27.40 39.32 51.39 25.68 26.73 31.51 28.19 27.66 25.36 25.56 27.31 26.78 30.78 26.57 23.92 25.17 40.80 55.44 19.79 20.11 57.64 20.59 60.88 22.64 4 4 4 4 R Nominal E Because of withholding to protect company confidentiality, lignite prices exclude Texas for 1955–1977 In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Through 1978, subbituminous coal is included in "Bituminous Coal." 1 2 3 4 Note: Prices are free-on-board (F.O.B.) rail/barge prices, which are the F.O.B. prices of coal at the point R=Revised. E=Estimate. able 7.9 Coal Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. oal" in Glossary. Year 977 003 008 998 965 997 980 987 005 990 975 976 011 002 992 983 000 950 993 984 979 994 999 960 009 982 007 nd Montana for 1974–1978. As a result, lignite prices for 1974–1977 are for North Dakota only. 010 970 985 995 989 978 006 001 955 988 004 f first sale, excluding freight or shipping and insurance costs. For 1949–2000, prices are for open market 949 nd captive coal sales; for 2001–2007, prices are for open market coal sales; for 2008 forward, prices are 996 981 986 991 (Dollars per Short Ton) or open market and captive coal sales. See "Captive Coal," "Free on Board (F.O.B.)," and "Open Market 1 1 1 C f a 2 o 2 1 D a 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 T 1

236 . Through Coal Consumption Estimates ption is reported to EIA for commercial and institu- . years’ shares are interpolated Note 2. Residential and Commercial source (1950, 1960, 1970, 1973–1981, and subsequent odd-numbered years; see Beginning in 2008, coal consum commercial sectors’ combined consumption to derive the commercial sector’s mated as the residential sector consumption is subtracted from the residential and quantity of coal consumed by the residential sector; and, finally, the amount esti- quantity of oil consumed by the residential sector to derive an estimate of the Btu tion to the residential sector using the above methodology. ratio is created of the number of occupied housing units heated by coal to the Table 2.7), residential consumption of coal is estimated by the following steps: a estimated consumption. The 1950 share is applied to 1949, and the other missing which data are available on the number of occupied housing units by heating fuel at the same Btu rate as an oil-heated housing unit. Then, for the years in estimates, it is first assumed that an occupied coal-heated housing unit consumes EIA estimates the amount consumed by the sectors individually. To create the the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the two sectors combined; 2007, coal consumption by the residential and commercial sectors was reported to tional users. However, EIA continues to allocate a small portion of that consump- number of housing units heated by oil; that ratio is then multiplied by the Btu U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 business is to sell electricity, or elec- Data on coal consumption by all indus- nal Users.” Prior to 2008, data on coal . Data in this report on the consumption of bituminous Note 1. Coal Consumption 216 Coal preparation plants; Electric Power Sector (electric utilities and independent power establishments including military bases, universities, and various State facilities; following: Residential and Commercial Sectors—commercial and institutional obtained annually from coal distributors. Included in each sector’s data are the consumption by the residential and commercial sectors are based on distribution data tricity and heat, to the public. There are no data for the Transportation Sector. Coal Plants and Commercial and Institutio Consumption and Quality Report–Manufacturing and Transformation/Processing Industrial Sector—consumption at manufacturing plants, coking plants, and coal terly from coal users. Beginning in 2008, data on coal consumption by the residential trial and manufacturing establishments are based on consumption data obtained quar- producers)—consumption for electric generation and useful thermal output at power companies and coke plant companies. from consumption data reported in surveys. Included are data reported by all electric coal, sub-bituminous coal, lignite, anthracite, and waste coal are developed primarily electricity-only and CHP plants within the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 22 category, whose primary and commercial sectors are based on data received on Form EIA-3, "Quarterly Coal

237 8. Electricity

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239 219 tricity includes pumped storage facility production Use of electricity that is 1) self-generated, 2) produced by either the same entity that 6 Notes: • Data are preliminary. • See Note, “Electrical System Energy Losses,” at the Sources: Tables 8.1, 8.4a, 8.9, A6 (column 7), and U.S. Energy Information generation and delivery to the customer) are estimated as 7 percent of gross generation. ment. Direct use is exclusive of station use. publication. • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. process located within the same facility or group of facilities that house the generating equip- consumes the power or an affiliate, and 3) used in direct support of a service or industrial minus energy used for pumping. • Values are derived from source data prior to rounding for end of Section 2. • Net generation of elec Administration, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." scellaneous technologies, U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 pling error. Derived for the diagram by from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived manufactured and waste gases derived from chased steam, sulfur, mi om “T & D Losses and Unaccounted for” derived from Quadrillion Btu) ( Data collection frame differences and nonsam Transmission and distribution losses (electricity losses that occur between the point of Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, pur Electric energy used in the operation of power plants. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other 3 5 2 4 1 fuels). and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste fossil fuels. subtracting the “T & D Losses” estimate fr Table 8.1. Figure 8.0 Electricity Flow, 2011

240 2010 Exports 2000 Imports 1990 1980 1970 1960 1950 Transmission and distribution losses (electricity losses that occur between the point of Data collection frame differences and nonsampling error. 0 generation and delivery to the customer). See Note, “Electrical System Energy Losses,” at the end of Section 2. Sources: Tables 8.1 and 8.9. 4 5 50 40 20 10 60 30 Billion Kilowatthours Electricity Trade, 1949-2011 130 Use³ Direct End Use 3,726 Retail Sales² U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 15 Exports Trade 52 Imports trial 142 Indus- 8 Com- mercial Net Generation 3,955 Power¹ Electric 0 See Table 8.1, footnote 8. Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and other energy 1,500 3,000 4,500 service providers. primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. 2 3 1 Billion Kilowatthours 220 Overview, 2011 (Billion Kilowatthours) Net-Generation-to-End-Use Flow, 2011 Figure 8.1 Electricity Overview

241 221 e d e in nt to 255 497 291 688 954 Total 3,886 3,856 1,855 1,747 1,392 2,756 2,286 2,578 2,086 2,151 2,457 2,324 2,369 2,094 2,018 1,948 2,147 2,071 3,890 3,425 3,302 3,592 3,081 3,632 3,001 3,724 3,811 3,254 3,557 3,164 2,897 3,817 2,886 3,716 3,484 3,865 3,662 2,837 P R 8 132 130 109 134 150 132 168 163 172 146 127 139 166 124 126 147 156 151 161 153 171 168 125 E R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Use Direct End Use 7 255 291 497 688 954 3,754 3,726 1,747 1,392 1,855 2,647 2,151 2,578 2,071 2,094 2,324 2,018 2,369 2,286 2,457 1,948 2,147 2,086 3,146 3,765 3,101 3,547 3,465 2,935 2,763 3,394 3,013 3,312 3,661 3,733 2,861 2,762 3,597 3,670 3,421 3,264 3,494 2,713 Retail Sales P R 5 6 43 44 58 76 287 265 194 145 180 222 190 184 158 161 197 216 164 211 104 173 198 187 200 212 231 202 269 266 261 248 224 287 298 244 224 229 240 221 211 266 207 228 203 and P R for Unaccounted Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe T & D Losses • 1 4 2 2 5 2 6 9 6 2 37 26 11 36 32 40 46 35 20 21 29 20 33 17 41 45 20 34 40 25 39 28 22 29 21 25 34 11 31 26 18 33 34 P (s) Total Net Imports See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an 1 5 3 3 5 4 1 3 4 2 5 2 4 3 7 4 6 3 2 4 4 9 2 3 • 15 19 15 16 16 18 14 24 14 15 20 19 16 24 23 24 P See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning • Total (s) (s) (s) 1 See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants In • See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. • Use of electricity that is 1) self-generated, 2) produced by either the same entity that consumes th 8 Exports Web Pages: Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 billion kilowatthours. Sources: See end of section. 2 7 3 1 2 2 2 18 14 22 16 18 13 13 16 12 24 20 24 19 15 23 rounding. facility or group of facilities that house the generating equipment. Direct use is exclusive of station use. annual data. Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. 1949. power or an affiliate, and 3) used in direct support of a service or industrial process located within the sam P R Trade NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA To Canada 5 2 5 2 6 4 45 52 26 39 41 20 11 39 11 25 36 42 21 33 46 52 23 22 44 18 34 47 43 43 37 31 28 51 30 57 43 43 49 40 43 52 39 P Total 1 Imports 44 51 40 42 26 20 16 49 33 50 42 38 41 29 43 37 45 42 51 43 56 29 P NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA From Canada U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 759 550 334 296 Total 4,125 4,106 2,967 2,244 1,535 2,313 1,058 2,127 2,251 2,041 2,290 2,473 1,921 2,490 2,298 2,575 2,209 2,707 2,419 3,950 3,883 3,248 3,197 4,065 3,620 3,492 4,119 3,858 3,353 4,055 3,737 3,038 3,074 3,802 3,444 3,971 4,157 3,084 3,695 P R 4 4 5 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 142 115 144 151 145 156 154 148 131 151 154 153 133 132 154 157 137 149 146 143 151 143 155 4 P R Sector Industrial 3 8 9 4 9 7 9 7 9 6 8 6 9 8 8 8 8 8 6 8 7 7 8 8 P R Net Generation NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Sector Commercial 2 547 291 329 756 3,972 2,848 3,955 2,572 2,310 2,247 2,487 2,295 3,044 1,055 3,284 1,918 4,005 3,902 2,416 3,530 3,698 3,457 2,206 1,532 3,089 2,936 2,704 3,808 2,286 3,721 3,194 2,901 3,580 3,908 2,241 2,124 3,638 3,810 2,934 3,974 2,470 3,329 2,038 2 P R Sector Electric Power Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. Through 1988, data Transmission and distribution losses (electricity losses that occur between the point of generation and Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, other energy Data collection frame differences and nonsampling error. Electricity transmitted across U.S. borders. Net imports equal imports minus exports. Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. 7 5 1 4 6 3 2 able 8.1 Electricity Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 984 979 006 008 996 995 001 991 950 970 986 009 993 981 988 005 965 976 977 elivery to the customer). See Note, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end of Section 2. 011 978 007 982 004 975 990 re for industrial hydroelectric power only. 999 983 000 987 998 003 960 010 994 lectric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for 992 949 955 997 002 989 985 980 ervice providers. (Billion Kilowatthours) 1 2 p 1 e 2 1 1 1 1 a 1 2 1 d 2 2 1 1 1 s 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 T 1

242 2010 Coal Other¹ Natural Gas Coal 2005 42% Hydroelectric Power² 1 2000 19% Nuclear 6% Electric Power Other Nuclear Electric Power 25% 8% 1995 2 Gas Natural Power Hydroelectric By Source, 2011 1990 1985 0.5 Energy Renewable Conventional hydroelectric power and pumped storage. Sources: Tables 8.2a, 8.2b, and 8.2d. Note: Sum of components may not equal 100 percent due to independent rounding. 2 1980 0.8 Nuclear Electric Power 1975 2.8 Fossil Fuels 1 2 3 0 1970 Trillion Kilowatthours By Source Category, 2011 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1965 from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived other gases, solar thermal and photovoltaic, hased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, Electric Power 1960 2001 2004 2007 2010 Commercial and Industrial 1955 1950 1989 1992 1995 1998 1 0.5 2.0 2.5 0.0 1.0 1.5 2 3 4 5 0 Wind, petroleum, wood, waste, geothermal, Trillion Kilowatthours Trillion Kilowatthours 1 Figure 8.2a Electricity Net Generation, Total (All Sectors) By Sector, 1989-2011 222 By Source, 1949-2011 fuels). batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purc and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste

243 223 1 2010 Other² 3 2007 (ss) Electricity-Only Plants Wind 2004 (ss) Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants 2001 (ss) Solar/PV (ss) 1998 2 Waste 1995 1 1992 (ss) Power Hydroelectric Conventional Commercial 1 1989 Sources: Tables 8.2b-8.2d. (s) = Less than 0.05 trillion kilowatthours. (ss) = Less than 0.5 billion kilowatthours. 2 5 4 3 0 Trillion Kilowatthours Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, 1989-2011 (ss) Industrial 22 Petroleum (ss) (s) 8 Other Gases¹ Commercial U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived Coal 18 manufactured and waste gases derived from hased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, 0.1 Industrial (ss) Wood 26 5 4.0 Electric Power 82 Natural Gas 1 2 5 4 3 0 0 60 30 90 Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purc 1 2 Trillion Kilowatthours Billion Kilowatthours and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from fuels). fossil fuels. Industrial and Commercial Sectors, 2011 By Sector, 2011 Figure 8.2b Electricity Net Generation by Sector

244 d 9 h in s, m 198 • 334.1 550.3 759.2 296.1 Total 4,055.4 3,883.2 3,736.6 3,950.3 4,064.7 3,970.6 3,858.5 4,119.4 4,156.7 1,058.4 1,920.8 2,127.4 2,209.4 2,040.9 2,313.4 2,289.6 2,298.0 2,250.7 2,244.4 1,535.1 2,473.0 2,419.5 4,105.7 3,620.3 3,353.5 3,247.5 3,694.8 3,073.8 3,197.2 3,492.2 3,083.9 3,444.2 3,802.1 3,037.8 2,967.1 2,707.4 2,490.5 2,575.3 4,125.1 R 10 3.6 4.8 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 3.7 4.7 3.6 3.8 11.8 14.2 12.8 12.2 14.0 13.0 11.9 13.5 11.9 11.1 12.9 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other Totals may not equal su • 95.2 417.7 356.5 357.8 352.7 356.7 355.3 351.5 357.7 423.0 380.9 385.8 336.7 384.8 399.0 326.9 287.7 357.2 433.6 400.4 343.4 325.3 116.5 101.3 149.6 197.4 306.6 227.7 317.5 290.8 251.8 287.5 284.7 269.9 341.7 286.8 295.0 332.9 520.1 238.1 305.5 265.1 427.4 Total R 2.8 3.4 3.3 3.0 5.6 4.5 3.2 3.0 3.2 6.7 3.0 2.9 2.1 55.4 34.4 14.1 11.2 10.4 17.8 26.6 73.9 94.7 R 119.7 Wind (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 9 .5 .9 .5 .5 .4 .9 .5 .5 .6 .4 .6 .5 .5 .5 .6 .5 .6 .5 .5 .5 .3 1.8 1.2 R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Solar/PV .2 .5 3.2 6.1 3.6 5.1 3.9 9.3 7.7 3.0 5.7 4.8 3.6 13.7 14.8 14.1 16.8 14.4 13.4 15.4 14.7 14.3 14.8 14.6 14.5 15.0 14.8 16.1 15.5 16.0 14.7 14.6 14.8 10.8 10.3 10.3 14.6 16.7 15.2 R Geo- (s) NA NA NA thermal 8 .2 .2 .7 .1 .7 .2 .7 .4 .6 .1 .2 .2 .2 .2 .1 9.2 Renewable Energy 16.5 19.1 21.7 15.4 15.0 20.9 16.1 18.3 22.6 13.3 20.4 14.5 15.8 17.7 15.7 18.4 17.8 15.4 22.4 23.1 19.8 18.9 R NA NA NA NA NA Waste See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning 7 • 1949-1988—Table 8.2b for electric power sector, and Table 8.1 for industrial sector. .5 .2 .1 .2 .9 .3 .3 .2 .4 .3 .1 .5 .3 .3 .7 .8 .2 .1 Biomass • 0.4 See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," at end of section. 36.5 32.5 37.0 37.5 37.9 38.9 35.2 36.5 37.6 38.8 37.6 38.7 39.0 37.3 36.1 36.9 38.1 36.3 36.8 33.7 27.2 36.9 37.2 • R (s) See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. Wood • Through 1988, all data except hydroelectric are for electric utilities only; hydroelectric data throug Notes: Web Pages: Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.05 billion killowatthours. 11 6 fuels). 1949. forward—Tables 8.2b and 8.2d. independent power producers, commercial plants, and industrial plants. of components due to independent rounding. 1988 include industrial plants as well as electric utilities. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilitie annual data. 94.8 275.8 323.3 319.5 347.2 275.6 217.0 310.8 264.3 260.1 356.5 268.4 280.5 270.3 253.1 289.2 247.5 254.8 289.0 273.4 292.9 303.2 252.9 223.6 226.1 251.0 283.5 335.3 279.2 197.0 286.9 324.3 312.4 272.0 149.4 283.1 294.0 116.2 284.3 100.9 263.8 325.1 260.2 R Power Conventional Hydroelectric 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) -3.4 -3.1 -3.5 -4.0 -2.7 -8.8 -4.0 -6.9 -8.7 -4.5 -8.5 -5.5 -4.6 -6.6 -8.5 -4.5 -6.6 -4.2 -6.1 -6.3 -5.9 -5.5 R Hydro- electric Pumped Storage .0 .5 .0 0.0 3.7 21.8 172.5 272.7 276.4 414.0 527.0 327.6 250.9 191.1 455.3 255.2 251.1 293.7 282.8 383.7 576.9 768.8 780.1 806.2 628.6 640.4 673.7 763.7 788.5 753.9 806.4 674.7 798.9 610.3 782.0 618.8 673.4 612.6 728.3 787.2 790.2 529.4 807.0 Power Electric Nuclear U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 433.8 201.0 857.3 232.8 609.0 Total 1,644.1 1,794.3 1,441.7 1,758.9 1,942.4 1,854.9 1,770.9 1,753.8 1,648.9 1,755.4 1,559.0 1,646.2 1,261.5 1,678.0 1,708.0 2,430.3 2,293.9 2,677.0 2,730.2 2,758.6 2,270.1 2,824.8 2,230.7 2,547.1 2,692.5 2,909.5 2,346.0 2,885.3 2,138.7 2,103.6 2,992.2 2,726.5 2,569.7 2,103.3 2,926.7 2,108.6 2,790.3 2,883.4 R 4 9.0 7.9 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 14.4 13.5 11.7 14.1 15.3 14.2 13.3 13.3 10.6 10.4 15.6 13.0 13.5 11.5 13.5 13.9 11.3 14.0 13.4 11.3 11.3 Other R Gases 3 37.0 44.6 95.3 691.0 158.0 531.3 556.4 346.2 404.1 252.8 345.8 649.9 896.6 305.4 460.2 294.6 639.1 272.6 479.4 921.0 248.5 710.1 329.5 496.1 274.1 291.9 455.1 601.0 299.8 305.3 305.5 761.0 372.8 414.9 372.9 297.4 883.0 816.4 221.6 381.6 352.6 987.7 Gas R 1,016.6 Natural Fossil Fuels 2 64.2 92.6 38.9 65.7 33.7 28.5 48.0 81.4 74.6 94.6 37.1 64.8 46.2 28.2 37.1 R 206.4 146.8 128.8 184.2 122.2 118.5 365.1 303.5 111.2 121.1 124.9 112.8 136.6 148.9 105.9 144.5 100.2 246.0 119.8 320.0 358.2 100.2 119.4 118.1 289.1 126.5 119.8 164.4 Petroleum 1 570.9 985.2 154.5 403.1 852.8 975.7 944.4 135.5 704.4 301.4 Coal 1,259.4 1,904.0 1,985.8 1,709.4 1,075.0 1,845.0 1,881.1 1,203.2 1,540.7 1,973.7 1,341.7 1,990.5 1,690.1 1,966.3 2,012.9 1,192.0 1,621.2 1,402.1 1,594.0 1,933.1 1,755.9 1,161.6 2,016.5 1,463.8 1,873.5 1,690.7 1,385.8 1,795.2 1,978.3 1,590.6 1,734.3 1,847.3 1,583.8 R P 11 Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Through 1989, hydroelectric pumped storage is included in "Conventional Hydroelectric Power." Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Wood and wood-derived fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 9 4 5 8 1 7 2 6 3 able 8.2a Electricity Net Generation: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 Year 999 984 977 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 996 006 955 005 986 009 002 994 988 981 992 987 991 950 979 011 978 960 976 000 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic 997 965 949 995 010 008 001 975 989 970 998 983 004 993 985 982 980 003 007 990 ources, and tire-derived fuels). (Sum of Tables 8.2b and 8.2d; Billion Kilowatthours) 1 1 1 1 1 2 o 1 s 1 1 1 1 2 b 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 T 224

245 225 , ) d ly in 1, nt to m m at nt er er 755.5 547.0 329.1 291.1 Total 2,901.3 3,637.5 3,329.4 3,580.1 2,935.6 3,043.9 3,530.0 3,457.4 3,284.1 3,194.2 3,809.8 2,934.4 3,974.3 3,088.7 3,908.1 4,005.3 3,902.2 3,721.2 3,698.5 3,808.4 3,955.1 1,055.3 2,416.3 2,572.1 2,469.8 2,487.3 2,704.3 2,848.2 2,310.3 2,206.3 2,247.4 1,531.9 1,917.6 2,241.2 2,124.3 2,294.8 2,037.7 2,286.4 3,972.4 R See Note • 10 .5 .4 .1 .2 .1 .2 .2 .1 .4 .2 .3 2001-2003—EIA 6.5 6.6 7.0 6.8 7.1 8.6 6.9 8.3 9.1 6.9 6.8 • R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) Other 96.3 90.1 352.2 327.0 299.7 364.0 385.4 362.9 293.9 320.7 326.9 396.3 256.0 388.0 323.2 350.2 320.5 348.0 321.0 308.0 317.4 323.7 489.0 146.0 194.3 262.0 291.9 329.8 234.9 302.3 338.6 113.3 299.5 287.6 303.5 281.5 248.6 284.2 283.7 266.7 224.5 314.4 397.3 Total R 3.2 4.5 3.2 3.4 3.0 2.9 5.6 2.8 6.7 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.1 73.9 55.4 34.4 26.6 17.8 10.4 11.2 14.1 94.6 119.7 Wind NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-759, "Monthly Pow 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Pla • • 9 .6 .9 .5 .9 .5 .5 .5 .5 .5 .4 .5 .5 .6 .5 .5 .6 .6 .4 .5 .5 .3 1.8 1.2 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Solar/PV 2004-2007—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and For .2 .5 • 3.0 5.1 3.6 3.9 9.3 3.6 6.1 7.7 5.7 4.8 3.2 14.6 14.8 15.0 14.6 14.4 15.4 14.7 14.1 13.4 15.5 14.7 13.7 14.3 14.8 14.8 16.1 14.5 16.8 14.8 16.0 16.7 10.8 10.3 10.3 14.6 15.2 R Geo- NA NA NA (s) thermal 8 .2 .2 .1 .2 .1 .1 .2 .4 .2 .7 .6 .2 .7 .7 .2 1989-1997—EIA, Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report," and For 7.7 Renewable Energy • 16.0 14.3 15.4 13.9 19.5 13.1 16.2 20.3 18.0 13.8 19.2 13.9 12.9 13.1 18.5 17.0 17.8 11.5 15.9 13.0 17.2 16.4 R NA NA NA NA NA Waste See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an 1982-1988—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, "Month • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • • 7 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning 1949-September 1977—Federal Power Commission, Form FPC-4, "Monthly Power Pla • .2 .3 .1 .7 .4 .3 .2 .1 .9 .3 .8 .3 .5 .1 .2 .2 .3 .5 Biomass • See Table 8.2d for commercial and industrial CHP and electricity-only data. 8.5 9.2 7.0 9.7 7.7 9.5 7.6 9.0 8.4 8.3 8.9 9.0 8.6 9.2 8.7 0.4 5.6 The electric power sector comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP • 10.7 10.3 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.5 11.4 • October 1977-1981—Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Form FPC-4, "Monthly Pow R • (s) Wood See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. • Notes: Sources: Web Pages: 6 Operations Report." Power Plant Report." Report." Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." end of section. EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," 1949. the public. Plant Report," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generator Report—Nonutility." plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, Plant Report." EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report." annual data. 95.9 89.7 341.2 253.1 213.7 289.8 271.5 254.0 305.4 260.5 245.8 286.3 286.0 350.6 250.0 271.5 265.1 271.3 317.9 314.7 267.0 277.5 323.1 300.0 193.9 249.7 279.8 332.1 281.1 247.7 113.0 290.8 145.8 222.9 269.2 283.7 260.7 276.0 220.5 321.2 309.2 280.4 258.5 R Power Conventional Hydroelectric 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) -2.7 -8.7 -6.6 -3.4 -6.9 -4.0 -8.8 -3.1 -3.5 -4.6 -4.5 -6.3 -4.2 -4.5 -5.5 -4.0 -8.5 -8.5 -6.6 -6.1 -5.9 -5.5 R Hydro- electric Pumped Storage .0 .5 .0 3.7 0.0 21.8 806.2 798.9 768.8 780.1 673.4 612.6 674.7 576.9 640.4 806.4 618.8 628.6 787.2 753.9 763.7 673.7 610.3 788.5 782.0 728.3 529.4 790.2 255.2 414.0 293.7 272.7 327.6 282.8 527.0 455.3 251.1 383.7 172.5 250.9 191.1 276.4 807.0 Power Electric Nuclear U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 857.3 609.0 201.0 232.8 433.8 Total 2,226.9 2,768.1 2,151.7 2,621.0 2,817.3 2,025.4 2,610.0 2,878.5 2,308.4 2,175.3 2,557.5 2,001.1 2,000.1 2,636.4 2,444.8 2,424.0 2,702.6 2,796.1 2,568.3 2,114.1 2,674.8 2,019.1 1,708.0 1,854.9 1,755.4 1,753.8 1,770.9 1,644.1 1,678.0 1,794.3 1,942.4 1,758.9 1,559.0 1,441.7 1,261.5 1,646.2 1,648.9 2,766.8 R 4 .6 .6 .7 .5 1.5 3.1 4.0 1.3 1.9 2.0 4.3 3.2 1.2 1.1 1.6 3.8 1.0 2.6 2.3 3.6 2.0 3.1 3.0 R Other NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Gases 3 37.0 44.6 95.3 419.2 814.8 607.7 802.4 334.3 378.8 734.4 399.6 385.7 841.0 317.8 567.3 627.2 554.9 305.3 329.5 309.5 297.4 449.3 274.1 346.2 473.0 345.8 518.0 248.5 252.8 342.2 272.6 291.9 683.8 930.6 297.3 221.6 158.0 305.5 305.4 294.6 299.8 372.9 901.4 Gas R Natural Fossil Fuels 2 61.3 35.8 59.7 86.5 74.8 98.7 42.9 89.7 68.1 92.2 26.2 34.7 28.5 37.1 64.8 48.0 33.7 R 116.5 119.8 144.5 100.2 118.5 105.4 111.5 136.6 122.2 105.2 114.7 113.7 118.9 112.8 148.9 246.0 206.4 146.8 119.1 303.5 159.0 365.1 320.0 184.2 358.2 289.1 Petroleum 1 135.5 570.9 301.4 975.7 944.4 403.1 154.5 985.2 704.4 852.8 Coal 1,385.8 1,998.4 1,192.0 1,203.2 1,969.7 1,463.8 1,952.7 1,858.6 1,597.7 1,402.1 1,665.5 1,957.2 1,850.2 1,772.0 1,568.8 1,540.7 1,910.6 1,666.3 1,686.1 1,572.1 1,075.0 1,259.4 1,943.1 1,161.6 1,341.7 1,992.1 1,741.1 1,882.8 1,820.8 1,968.8 1,827.7 1,562.4 1,714.9 R 11 P Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Through 1989, hydroelectric pumped storage is included in "Conventional Hydroelectric Power." Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 6 5 8 2 1 3 7 4 9 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.05 billion kilowatthours. able 8.2b Electricity Net Generation: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 11 Year 000 004 978 005 975 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 977 006 007 970 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 003 008 965 010 009 976 979 002 980 001 955 981 960 999 982 998 950 983 997 984 996 949 995 985 994 986 993 992 987 991 988 990 989 011 (Subset of Table 8.2a; Billion Kilowatthours) uels). ndependent power producers. n 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 b 2 1 1 f 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 o 2 1 1 1 T i

246 d 8 . m m at to 1, or er 200 • 61.3 42.3 162.0 158.1 195.7 193.7 155.4 153.8 141.5 169.5 146.6 184.3 148.1 164.6 180.4 177.4 165.4 159.1 166.9 Total R 3,810.3 2,805.9 3,137.6 2,840.0 3,374.6 3,181.3 3,052.8 3,796.9 3,472.9 3,742.7 3,303.6 3,410.5 3,807.4 3,721.8 3,650.7 3,828.0 3,504.8 3,624.1 3,525.5 R See Note • 10 .8 .9 .7 .2 .2 .1 .1 .6 .2 .1 .7 .8 .8 .8 .7 R 6.0 1.1 1.4 6.1 6.2 6.3 0.3 6.2 5.9 7.6 7.6 5.8 7.6 6.0 – – – – – – – – (s) 2004-2007—EIA, For 1998-2000—EIA, For Other • • 3.8 3.7 3.6 4.3 3.7 4.1 3.4 3.4 2.9 4.2 4.0 4.3 2.2 2.6 3.4 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.5 R 393.6 297.3 485.3 348.7 392.0 324.3 358.8 344.7 346.8 381.8 252.6 320.3 384.0 317.0 359.8 316.4 304.3 317.1 314.5 Total R 2.1 3.2 3.2 6.7 2.8 3.3 4.5 3.0 5.6 94.6 26.6 55.4 17.8 34.4 11.2 14.1 73.9 10.4 – – – – – – – – – – – – 119.7 – – – – – – – Wind 9 .6 .5 .4 .5 .5 .5 .5 .9 .5 .9 .6 .5 .5 .5 .6 .6 1.2 0.3 1.8 R – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Solar/PV 15.2 14.6 16.7 14.6 14.8 13.7 14.7 15.4 14.3 14.8 14.7 13.4 14.6 14.8 14.4 14.5 14.1 15.0 14.8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – R Geo- thermal 8 Renewable Energy 1.6 6.9 1.7 2.1 1.3 2.4 2.7 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.3 2.0 0.9 1.1 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 14.7 15.5 16.3 16.1 14.0 17.1 12.5 10.4 16.4 11.3 11.7 11.9 11.8 17.0 11.2 17.6 14.3 12.9 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." R • Waste 12 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 1989 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • • 7 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, "Monthly Pow • Biomass 11 2.1 9.3 4.2 2.0 1.7 2.1 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.7 2.2 1.6 1.6 1.7 8.5 1.4 8.5 6.6 5.6 8.6 6.5 1.3 8.3 7.3 6.5 5.9 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.0 2.1 7.3 8.1 8.5 7.3 7.4 8.7 6.6 See Table 8.2d for commercial and industrial CHP and electricity-only data. R R • Wood Combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is Web Pages: Sources: Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.05 billion kilowatthours. 12 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. 6 sell electricity and heat to the public. Data do not include electric utility CHP plants—these are include "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," Report—Nonutility." EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report." Plant Report," and Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." • end of section. EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." under "Electricity-Only Plants." – R 269.2 258.5 – – – – – – – – – – – 323.1 305.4 350.6 267.0 314.7 286.2 213.7 289.8 253.1 – 341.2 – 271.5 317.9 245.8 265.1 271.3 260.5 271.5 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) R Power Conventional Hydroelectric Electricity-Only Plants 5 Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants 6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – ( ) -5.5 -5.9 -4.0 -3.1 -6.6 -6.6 -6.1 -6.3 -2.7 -8.8 -3.5 -8.7 -5.5 -6.9 -4.6 -8.5 -4.5 -8.5 R Hydro- electric Pumped Storage – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 807.0 790.2 806.2 768.8 782.0 673.4 728.3 787.2 674.7 628.6 576.9 673.7 780.1 763.7 753.9 788.5 529.4 798.9 806.4 Power Electric Nuclear 58.7 39.9 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 157.5 153.6 151.2 161.1 154.4 162.7 142.7 160.2 149.4 188.5 190.6 173.2 165.5 180.6 137.9 143.7 176.2 Total R 2,609.3 2,521.2 2,164.6 2,037.4 1,942.4 2,654.6 2,607.0 2,084.1 2,392.0 2,619.9 2,293.6 2,466.6 2,445.7 1,979.3 2,274.6 2,421.5 2,408.2 2,705.3 2,522.0 R 4 .1 .4 .3 .6 .1 .2 .6 .1 .2 .1 2.9 3.1 1.7 1.8 3.9 3.2 3.8 3.0 2.3 1.3 3.2 0.5 1.5 4.2 1.9 1.6 2.4 R – (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other Gases 3 30.4 44.8 779.4 122.0 121.4 809.2 116.4 427.0 264.7 683.3 553.2 399.4 618.0 113.4 130.7 119.0 118.3 317.4 291.1 421.2 128.0 108.5 136.0 266.9 128.4 456.8 146.1 116.4 722.7 150.9 686.3 105.9 118.6 356.6 335.9 101.7 272.8 491.2 Gas R R Natural Fossil Fuels 2 2.3 2.1 4.5 7.2 6.0 5.2 1.3 3.6 6.1 6.7 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.6 0.7 3.9 R 32.4 24.1 56.9 39.3 31.9 80.3 68.5 98.0 55.2 62.0 83.3 R 104.8 111.2 109.4 108.5 113.2 115.7 117.6 158.3 Petroleum 1 8.4 30.3 26.9 36.1 26.6 36.0 27.2 29.2 28.1 36.9 36.4 32.5 27.6 36.5 36.9 29.4 31.0 29.2 11.9 R Coal 1,687.9 1,797.5 1,658.0 1,933.7 1,560.2 1,823.0 1,832.1 1,793.2 1,910.6 1,955.5 1,711.9 1,851.8 1,742.8 1,881.2 1,932.0 1,554.0 1,921.1 1,915.8 1,962.0 R P P Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Electricity-only plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity to the Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping. Through 1989, hydroelectric pumped storage is included in "Conventional Hydroelectric Power." Wood and wood-derived fuels. Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 6 3 7 5 8 4 2 9 1 able 8.2c Electricity Net Generation: Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, Selected Years, 1989-2011 10 11 Year 000 989 004 008 000 995 005 007 997 005 999 997 989 001 004 999 011 003 010 996 990 006 009 995 002 998 002 009 008 990 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic 006 998 996 011 007 003 ublic. Data also include a small number of electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants. eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 010 001 ources, and tire-derived fuels). (Breakout of Table 8.2b; Billion Kilowatthours) uels). b 2 s o 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 f 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 p 2 T 226

247 227 d ." ," in ty m te or 8.6 8.4 8.7 5.8 8.3 8.5 8.2 8.3 7.5 7.4 8.4 8.7 7.9 8.6 7.4 9.0 7.9 8.2 4.3 R Total See No 144.1 142.3 114.7 151.0 154.1 154.1 156.7 132.3 137.1 148.3 130.7 153.9 151.0 152.6 143.1 149.2 144.7 154.5 156.3 • R 9 .8 .9 .6 .8 .8 .8 .5 .6 .8 .7 .8 5.2 3.3 3.5 5.1 3.8 4.1 4.8 4.9 5.1 4.7 3.5 3.9 3.4 5.1 3.6 3.9 3.4 4.5 4.7 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) R – – – 2004-2007—EIA, For Other • 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.7 2.5 1.1 1.7 2.1 2.5 2.5 1.1 2.4 1.1 1.6 1.8 0.7 28.2 29.1 25.2 32.9 29.1 30.5 27.9 33.6 31.9 34.3 30.6 35.2 35.1 29.3 32.2 33.5 33.9 34.8 32.4 Total R (s) (s) (s) (s) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Wind 8 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Solar/PV – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Geo- 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat themal • 7 Renewable Energy .9 .8 .9 .8 .6 .6 .7 .8 .8 .9 .6 .9 .9 .9 .7 .7 .9 .7 .8 R 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.6 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.2 1.0 2.3 1.1 0.9 0.5 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • Waste Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an • • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning 6 • 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili Biomass • .1 .1 .1 See Tables 8.2b and 8.2c for electric power sector electricity-only and CHP data. 10 0.1 • 11 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) 25.7 26.4 28.4 28.7 27.7 26.9 29.6 25.4 28.2 28.1 28.0 28.9 25.3 26.6 28.3 21.6 28.4 28.4 28.3 R See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. Wood • Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. Web Pages: Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.05 billion kilowatthours. Notes: 11 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." 1989. • Report—Nonutility." 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors at end of section. Power Producer Report." annual data. EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 1.7 1.8 0.1 1.7 3.0 3.8 1.6 4.2 5.7 5.3 2.9 5.9 2.7 4.8 5.3 3.1 4.1 3.2 3.2 1.9 (s) R Power Industrial Sector Commercial Sector Conventional Hydroelectric 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Hydro- electric Pumped Storage – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Power Electric Nuclear U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.6 6.5 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.5 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.8 6.7 6.2 4.8 3.6 R 97.8 85.9 Total 110.6 109.9 112.5 100.0 116.8 107.9 118.4 116.4 116.8 113.6 107.4 118.9 115.8 103.9 112.1 114.4 111.3 R 4 .1 (s) 8.3 8.1 9.4 8.5 0.1 9.9 9.7 9.5 7.3 7.6 9.6 8.5 R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) R – – – – – – – 11.9 11.2 11.7 11.8 13.0 13.0 11.9 12.5 Other Gases 3 4.7 4.5 5.2 4.4 3.3 3.9 4.6 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.9 4.2 4.3 4.4 5.2 2.2 R 81.6 81.5 79.0 78.8 79.8 60.0 79.0 78.7 72.9 77.7 78.8 75.1 71.0 53.2 77.1 71.7 77.6 75.7 76.4 Gas R Natural Fossil Fuels 2 .1 .4 .4 .2 .4 .4 .4 .4 .2 .4 .6 .5 .1 .4 .4 .2 .1 .4 2.3 1.8 5.3 4.2 5.6 4.8 5.4 0.6 4.2 5.3 6.2 3.2 4.4 6.1 3.0 6.0 5.6 6.3 7.0 6.0 R Petroleum 1 .8 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.7 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 18.4 22.1 20.1 22.4 19.5 23.2 19.8 21.5 22.2 15.7 19.5 16.7 22.3 21.5 20.7 21.1 18.4 13.7 19.8 Coal P P Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and 4 2 5 9 6 3 7 1 8 able 8.2d Electricity Net Generation: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 10 Year 995 990 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 000 990 989 008 007 011 989 008 999 004 997 997 001 999 003 995 006 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic 005 003 005 996 009 006 001 004 011 010 000 009 010 998 007 996 998 002 002 ources, and tire-derived fuels). (Subset of Table 8.2a; Billion Kilowatthours) uels). 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 o 1 s 2 1 2 1 2 b 2 f 1 T 2 2

248 16 Other² 0.1 36 Commercial Petroleum 37 Waste non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 103 0.3 Other Gases¹ hased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, Electric Power 296 Coal Gas 522 Natural 1.2 Industrial 543 Wood 0 Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purc Sources: Tables 8.3a–8.3c. 2 1.2 1.8 0.6 0.0 300 400 500 600 100 200 Quadrillion Btu and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from fuels). Trillion Btu By Sector, 2011 Total (All Sectors) by Source, 2011 2010 2010 Industrial Commercial Electric Power 2007 2007 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2004 2004 manufactured and waste gases derived from 2001 2001 1998 1998 1995 1995 1992 1992 1989 1989 Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other 2.0 0.0 0.5 2.5 1.5 0.5 1.0 1.0 2.0 1.5 0.0 1 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu fossil fuels. Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 228 By Sector, 1989-2011 Figure 8.3 Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants

249 d ls 229 1, Tota • Total 1,568 1,879 1,943 1,903 1,826 1,617 1,772 1,527 1,958 1,856 1,976 2,227 2,302 2,294 2,269 1,863 1,896 2,184 1,589 2,002 2,119 2,151 1,553 See Note R • 7 29 41 48 49 47 55 33 55 45 24 43 50 41 42 48 53 39 46 44 40 44 42 16 R Other See "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. • 581 610 667 632 572 665 547 690 651 585 744 577 768 687 698 660 785 757 713 756 764 767 580 R Total 6 40 35 38 26 37 38 28 36 30 35 37 57 30 55 45 55 45 47 36 55 40 56 37 R Waste Renewable Energy Biomass 5 Data do not include electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants. • 542 572 557 616 637 546 509 597 628 653 721 546 658 707 623 701 668 700 722 651 731 690 543 R Wood Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Notes: Sources: Tables 8.3b and 8.3c. may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. fuels). "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," at end of section. beginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derive 958 947 983 973 956 R Total 1,074 1,140 1,236 1,230 1,197 1,139 1,318 1,488 1,466 1,385 1,159 1,338 1,236 1,389 1,501 1,248 1,309 1,168 4 91 93 R 100 110 138 126 133 116 111 126 118 167 144 179 150 150 141 148 160 145 142 184 103 Other Gases U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3 524 610 462 741 513 509 554 603 654 709 624 604 646 713 592 812 711 811 686 782 538 547 522 R Fossil Fuels Natural Gas 2 41 85 92 96 78 97 73 48 90 53 76 36 R 137 136 133 129 127 117 108 133 121 112 125 Petroleum 1 363 315 333 352 373 354 327 392 342 352 382 384 333 282 386 323 389 386 388 337 367 300 296 R Coal P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Wood and wood-derived fuels. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 6 3 7 2 5 1 4 able 8.3a Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 Year 011 008 004 998 007 991 999 006 990 995 993 996 997 992 009 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 002 010 003 989 000 001 005 994 (Sum of Tables 8.3b and 8.3c; Trillion Btu) 2 2 o 1 n 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 T 1

250 e e . ty ty nt nt m or Se • 273 283 221 222 213 203 238 249 195 138 302 326 346 167 140 297 243 278 173 278 281 292 114 R Total 2004-2007—EIA, For • 7 5 6 1 3 4 3 1 5 4 5 1 5 2 4 1 4 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other See Note 1, "Coverage of Electrici • 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Pla • 18 16 24 30 27 30 33 26 26 13 17 20 19 24 18 17 25 26 17 24 18 25 13 R Total Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe • 6 8 7 4 8 5 7 8 8 9 8 8 6 8 5 9 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat 20 14 12 10 16 16 19 11 • Waste Renewable Energy 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • Biomass 5 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili 9 9 8 9 8 6 9 9 • Data are for combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whos 10 16 10 17 16 10 10 17 16 15 15 18 10 11 19 • R Wood Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. Notes: See Table 8.3c for commercial and industrial CHP data. • EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report." Report—Nonutility." Operations Report." "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. Power Producer Report." primary business is to sell electricity and heat to the public. Data do not include electric utility CHP plants Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. rounding. 90 251 262 226 279 180 256 176 323 196 264 170 114 208 147 140 223 305 113 191 255 275 270 R Total 4 6 8 5 4 4 4 5 4 5 9 5 2 4 3 5 20 22 22 20 23 20 18 37 R Other Gases 3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 82 80 67 187 197 102 239 164 200 214 142 118 119 132 207 204 146 121 107 239 191 158 213 R Fossil Fuels Natural Gas 2 6 6 6 8 9 9 7 7 8 7 8 7 7 7 6 7 6 4 6 8 12 12 13 Petroleum 1 38 37 21 53 40 39 52 30 43 21 37 40 38 40 37 39 13 43 38 52 38 38 28 R Coal P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. 3 4 2 6 7 1 5 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. able 8.3b Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Electric Power Sector, 1989-2011 Year 996 011 003 002 007 009 000 997 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 992 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 991 004 001 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 989 993 999 990 010 995 005 998 006 994 008 (Subset of Table 8.3a; Trillion Btu) uels). 2 1 f b n 1 o 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 T 230

251 231 e ty ty nt 9. nt m or Se • 82 46 86 38 59 60 63 57 69 72 55 64 61 60 61 73 78 82 63 R Total 1,897 1,920 1,188 1,978 1,523 1,505 1,414 1,644 1,965 1,437 1,884 1,496 1,711 1,491 1,265 1,971 1,553 1,209 1,231 R 2004-2007—EIA, For • 7 6 6 5 6 5 6 4 6 6 6 6 35 46 46 38 38 50 32 39 53 46 40 22 43 44 48 39 13 18 R – – – – – – – (s) Other See Note 1, "Coverage of Electrici • 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Pla 9 8 7 8 8 7 8 9 9 9 • 18 20 11 10 15 18 17 18 735 726 713 663 638 521 564 604 542 720 625 652 552 641 705 697 584 557 556 R Total Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe • 6 9 8 6 8 6 8 8 8 9 8 885 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat R 21 19 10 10 21 15 18 21 16 20 22 21 20 20 21 24 18 13 15 16 20 23 15 17 17 17 24 • R Waste Renewable Energy 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • Biomass See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 198 • 5 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 • See Table 8.3b for electric power sector CHP data. 8 • 605 563 500 527 537 689 706 548 642 628 618 632 684 713 588 700 679 533 531 9 R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wood R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Notes: Web Pages: Sources: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. • rounding. Operations Report." Report—Nonutility." "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. Power Producer Report." Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report." Industrial Sector 66 27 64 36 44 46 57 45 42 47 47 48 58 44 49 64 55 61 50 Commercial Sector R 856 751 644 668 842 827 914 876 821 648 657 R Total 1,034 1,233 1,201 1,114 1,132 1,019 1,206 1,150 4 80 90 96 89 81 72 – – – R 162 146 137 179 140 108 175 101 102 142 103 112 128 (s) – – – – – – – – – R R R (s) R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other Gases U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (Subset of Table 8.3a; Trillion Btu) 3 35 19 20 39 39 37 33 40 26 20 10 29 20 17 16 36 22 28 30 R 393 296 285 542 364 322 393 385 377 615 458 601 541 629 557 540 443 297 308 R Fossil Fuels Natural Gas 2 3 4 4 1 3 2 4 2 3 3 4 3 5 4 5 4 2 1 1 69 81 45 85 67 75 98 80 66 84 39 29 34 R 124 105 121 113 118 115 Petroleum 1 21 23 20 14 23 22 23 22 20 23 20 18 18 17 15 22 20 17 19 R 329 309 280 329 318 255 272 313 284 278 327 272 328 266 290 223 297 243 241 R Coal P P Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants. 5 3 2 6 7 8 4 9 1 able 8.3c Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Year on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 005 011 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 999 996 001 006 009 997 996 008 989 007 004 997 995 010 998 003 003 000 990 002 007 004 990 001 989 995 008 011 998 009 005 010 000 999 006 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 002 Selected Years, 1989-2011 uels). 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 o 2 1 n 2 2 2 b 2 f 2 1 2 T 2

252 2011 0.6 Other² 2009 Industrial³ 0.3 Waste 2007 0.3 leum Petro- 2005 Electric Power Sector 2003 0.3 Commercial³ Wood 2001 from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 1.2 Wind 1999 3.2 Power¹ Hydro- Electric 1997 8.1 Gas 1995 Natural 1993 8.3 Power Electric Nuclear 1991 18.0 Coal 1989 0 15 30 45 5 0 Combined-heat-and-power plants and a small number of electricity-only plants. Quadrillion Btu Sources: Tables 8.4a-8.4c. 3 10 15 20 Quadrillion Btu fuels). and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste By Sector, 1989-2011 By Major Fuel, 2011 2010 2010 Coal Fossil Fuels Petroleum 2000 2000 Renewable Energy Nuclear Electric Power Nuclear Electric Power U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 imports, solar thermal and photovoltaic energy, hased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, 1980 1980 1970 1970 Natural Gas 1960 1960 Energy Renewable 1950 1950 0 6 0 Geothermal, other gases, electricity net Conventional hydroelectric power. 12 24 40 30 20 18 10 1 2 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purc By Major Source, 1949-2011 By Major Category, 1949-2011 232 Figure 8.4 Consumption for Electricity Generation

253 233 d e ls al s. to 9. er or Tota • 6,500 4,749 4,415 8,197 Total 40,166 16,287 38,808 40,268 40,747 41,193 11,045 21,506 24,495 24,673 24,335 23,585 22,583 24,042 23,977 20,303 36,293 34,901 38,672 31,788 35,971 39,591 39,559 40,430 39,610 25,690 26,280 27,040 28,276 26,090 37,607 33,203 32,160 32,091 33,803 39,433 38,362 30,976 40,485 R 10 7 6 5 8 14 15 63 59 71 67 29 69 21 75 85 39 72 22 99 87 95 67 88 37 89 R 127 107 116 112 113 121 100 134 137 116 108 140 158 135 122 153 115 Net (s) Imports Electricity 9 42 37 36 41 40 40 36 46 36 59 34 39 162 172 170 168 162 160 191 183 173 193 184 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other 2,643 2,064 1,421 1,431 1,363 1,610 5,140 4,653 2,971 2,821 2,976 4,177 2,957 3,017 3,595 2,376 4,613 3,320 3,190 3,873 4,137 3,817 3,536 3,889 3,476 3,173 3,874 3,082 3,683 3,582 3,843 3,893 4,292 2,762 3,191 2,458 4,290 3,560 3,619 3,809 3,860 4,253 3,510 Total R 11 5 33 34 33 30 31 29 36 70 31 46 57 31 22 341 264 546 721 105 115 178 142 923 11 R 1,168 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wind 5,8 5 6 5 5 9 9 5 6 4 5 5 4 6 5 6 5 5 5 6 5 3 18 12 11 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," at end of section. • Solar/PV 5 6 2 64 37 59 53 40 38 97 81 31 51 34 150 146 145 148 145 146 138 163 167 148 142 148 161 173 152 160 144 151 147 167 147 106 108 112 152 148 R 11 NA NA NA Geo- (s) See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 194 • thermal 1949-1988—Table 8.4b for electric power sector, and Tables 8.1 and A6 for industri • Data are for energy consumed to produce electricity. Data also include energy consumed 7 • 2 8 1 7 2 7 4 1 1 2 7 2 2 2 2 Renewable Energy 1989 forward—Tables 8.4b and 8.4c. 272 324 339 316 267 245 241 287 228 230 332 249 283 330 288 230 211 301 257 332 247 281 151 • R 11 NA NA NA NA NA Through 1988, data are for electric utilities and industrial plants. Beginning in 1989, data are f Waste R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Notes: Web Pages: Sources: 12 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. This table no longer shows energy consumption by hydroelectric pumped storage plants. The chang • independent power producers, commercial plants, and industrial plants. produce useful thermal output at a small number of electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plant • by plants other than pumped-storage plants; thus, the associated energy is already accounted for in oth was made because most of the electricity used to pump water into elevated storage reservoirs is generate may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. data columns in this table. sector. electric utilities, independent power producers, commercial plants, and industrial plants. 6 3 1 6 3 2 5 2 8 2 1 5 3 3 8 3 2 3 5 Biomass 10 513 484 480 353 339 320 350 333 485 605 486 475 355 496 344 442 481 519 498 490 425 350 345 R 11 (s) Wood 5 2,059 3,590 3,205 1,415 2,446 3,640 2,634 1,608 1,360 2,669 2,869 1,425 2,511 3,171 2,937 3,155 2,617 2,635 2,242 2,970 3,071 3,046 3,297 2,931 2,334 2,825 2,333 2,976 3,386 3,268 2,811 2,690 2,689 2,683 2,892 2,758 3,527 3,266 2,900 2,703 3,016 2,539 2,837 R 12 Power Conventional Hydroelectric 5 0 0 6 0 43 239 8,427 8,356 7,075 8,215 8,455 6,597 7,087 8,259 7,068 5,587 4,076 2,702 3,024 8,161 7,610 3,553 6,422 8,029 1,900 6,479 3,131 4,380 2,739 8,222 4,754 6,104 3,203 7,959 7,862 8,145 6,694 2,111 2,776 6,410 3,008 5,602 8,434 R 11 Electric Nuclear Power U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2,979 3,322 5,123 6,565 8,938 Total 28,218 28,927 24,097 27,954 26,029 23,473 24,890 26,477 17,491 13,399 15,191 27,235 21,723 27,567 27,392 16,349 17,446 26,124 21,746 20,123 23,233 17,522 18,156 19,365 27,525 18,567 22,790 18,586 27,586 18,553 18,792 21,903 26,320 18,526 17,754 28,393 27,525 21,788 R 11 4 97 84 91 97 90 90 R 119 159 115 133 115 141 126 136 131 136 135 125 110 156 126 125 112 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other Gases 3 651 569 1,785 7,087 4,658 7,288 2,395 1,194 4,840 6,644 7,302 4,400 8,051 3,297 3,613 3,791 5,818 3,810 3,152 5,736 4,054 3,284 3,861 2,935 3,342 6,001 5,441 4,027 2,709 5,205 2,691 2,998 3,240 3,220 6,212 6,250 3,160 5,827 4,476 3,999 3,768 3,582 7,853 Gas R Natural 11 Fossil Fuels 2 472 722 403 471 668 813 553 985 485 415 888 683 291 386 R 1,452 2,634 1,568 1,347 1,257 1,135 1,285 3,283 1,248 1,366 3,987 2,117 1,544 1,076 1,563 1,212 3,901 1,378 1,090 3,166 1,203 2,202 1,266 1,014 1,286 1,276 1,269 3,477 1,756 11 Petroleum 1 8,786 1,995 4,228 3,458 5,821 9,720 7,227 2,199 Coal 12,583 20,527 10,262 20,376 20,367 14,019 12,123 14,542 20,802 20,549 15,173 19,417 17,485 17,687 16,460 14,444 16,477 20,411 12,582 11,260 17,424 19,467 19,789 20,842 18,241 19,997 13,213 15,850 10,238 18,650 19,128 16,686 16,359 19,196 18,044 R 11 P Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Net imports equal imports minus exports. See Note 3, "Electricity Imports and Exports," at end of Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities, Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Values are converted from kilowattthours to Btu using the approximate heat rates in Table A6. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. 2 8 1 4 7 5 3 6 9 able 8.4a Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 11 10 Year 002 978 980 001 970 985 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 990 008 011 997 977 955 007 996 003 010 994 987 965 004 000 999 984 983 998 960 979 950 993 988 981 949 976 006 009 005 982 986 991 975 995 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 992 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 989 ection. (Sum of Tables 8.4b and 8.4c; Trillion Btu) uels). b 1 f n 1 2 s 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 o 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 T 1

254 n . ." ." ic is c. st in nt 9. b, 9, to er er Total 8,158 6,461 4,339 4,679 23,553 23,943 24,302 21,473 22,551 16,253 37,788 39,691 40,068 37,861 31,681 36,728 39,122 37,089 30,568 36,008 37,912 38,355 39,276 30,727 27,007 24,009 30,361 26,247 24,462 24,639 20,270 39,049 32,207 37,811 34,268 33,281 34,660 28,244 25,657 26,057 11,012 29,761 39,345 R 10 7 5 6 8 15 29 67 71 69 59 14 72 99 87 63 67 39 22 95 85 75 88 21 37 89 R This table no long 116 112 107 100 122 113 158 121 127 153 137 134 116 115 108 135 140 Net • (s) Imports 1949-1988—Tables 8.2 Electricity • 9 1 2 1 4 3 1 2 3 2 2 2 115 116 122 117 137 131 136 109 117 117 116 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) Other All Other Data: Total 2,983 2,788 3,286 2,940 2,343 2,942 2,729 2,925 3,158 1,571 1,351 3,562 1,355 1,325 2,609 3,931 3,454 3,273 3,308 4,179 3,493 2,747 3,713 3,836 3,421 4,112 3,509 3,224 3,840 3,596 3,158 3,307 3,394 3,372 3,632 3,443 2,425 3,158 3,049 2,031 4,917 3,187 4,031 R 11 5 30 33 31 29 46 34 57 31 36 70 33 31 22 115 264 546 721 178 341 142 105 923 11 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,168 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wind Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe • Tables 8.1 and A6. 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report 5,8 • 5 5 5 6 5 6 4 6 5 5 5 4 6 5 5 5 6 9 9 5 3 18 12 11 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-75 • Solar/PV 5 6 2 40 64 38 81 51 31 97 59 53 37 34 108 112 151 173 144 152 167 148 160 147 161 142 148 106 145 147 145 150 148 167 138 146 146 163 152 148 R NA NA NA Geo- 11 (s) See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 194 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." • thermal • Electricity Net Imports: 7 2 2 2 2 7 1 7 1 2 1 7 4 2 2 8 Renewable Energy See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants In 206 269 216 180 255 205 205 290 287 217 294 216 252 244 282 224 292 242 221 280 256 126 249 • R NA NA NA NA NA 11 Waste Sources: Web Pages: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. 2004-2007—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Pow 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electr See Table 8.4c for commercial and industrial CHP and electricity-only data. The electric power sector comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants with • produce useful thermal output at a small number of electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants "Monthly Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report • rounding. • of the electricity used to pump water into elevated storage reservoirs is generated by plants other tha pumped-storage plants; thus, the associated energy is already accounted for in other data columns in th the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the publi Generator Report—Nonutility." table. Plant Report." • Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. • shows energy consumption by hydroelectric pumped storage plants. The change was made because mo 8.5b, A1, A4, A5, and A6. 6 1 2 5 5 1 2 3 8 3 3 3 8 2 6 3 5 2 3 Biomass 10 75 126 156 106 125 150 116 134 129 166 125 104 165 117 117 141 120 163 106 159 160 160 177 11 R (s) Wood 5 2,600 2,985 2,943 3,122 2,897 3,014 3,233 2,768 2,602 2,867 3,218 2,302 3,038 2,656 3,353 2,301 2,620 2,725 2,905 2,209 3,241 3,494 2,781 2,861 2,937 2,670 2,494 2,586 1,349 2,839 3,581 1,569 2,430 1,322 2,026 2,650 2,650 3,528 1,346 3,149 3,153 2,521 2,808 R Power 11 Conventional Hydroelectric 5 0 6 0 0 43 239 3,131 3,008 8,222 7,862 7,610 5,587 8,029 6,410 3,024 2,111 4,076 1,900 4,380 3,203 6,104 3,553 7,068 2,776 2,739 6,422 7,959 6,694 2,702 8,161 4,754 8,145 8,427 8,215 6,597 8,356 7,075 6,479 7,087 8,455 8,259 5,602 8,434 R Electric Nuclear Power 11 (Subset of Table 8.4a; Trillion Btu) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 2,979 3,322 6,565 5,123 8,938 17,491 20,123 18,553 18,156 18,526 17,754 18,586 18,792 19,365 17,446 17,522 18,567 15,191 21,719 27,543 20,755 20,725 26,438 25,181 16,349 26,374 13,399 25,011 26,128 26,655 22,134 23,768 22,356 27,095 20,840 22,930 27,434 25,270 28,083 26,235 25,629 26,675 20,932 R 11 4 9 6 6 7 14 30 12 19 27 12 23 24 27 16 23 21 12 18 14 28 25 20 20 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other Gases 3 651 569 5,120 3,342 5,643 4,742 3,613 5,009 5,209 2,709 3,851 3,296 3,160 3,284 4,520 3,233 3,810 3,768 5,290 3,297 2,691 2,998 2,935 3,426 3,220 6,055 4,179 3,407 2,395 3,730 3,152 1,194 1,785 6,516 6,731 5,522 4,054 6,681 3,240 3,981 7,433 7,242 3,107 Gas Natural R 11 Fossil Fuels 2 471 651 743 990 810 635 722 463 917 955 382 415 472 553 278 371 R 1,286 1,202 3,987 1,056 3,283 1,122 1,306 1,199 1,211 1,199 3,901 1,257 1,145 1,544 1,090 1,568 1,452 2,634 1,563 1,280 1,281 1,227 2,202 3,477 3,166 2,117 1,697 11 Petroleum 1 Data are for energy consumed to produce electricity. Data also include energy consumed to 3,458 9,720 8,786 4,228 2,199 5,821 1,995 7,227 • Coal 16,223 20,217 19,549 17,159 14,444 19,162 19,733 15,850 10,238 12,583 14,542 18,135 20,649 13,213 18,855 16,235 20,153 12,582 10,262 14,019 11,260 20,377 15,173 20,431 16,431 17,215 20,723 12,123 17,416 18,375 20,137 19,214 17,897 16,121 19,043 R 11 P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Net imports equal imports minus exports. See Note 3, "Electricity Imports and Exports," at end of Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Values are converted from kilowattthours to Btu using the approximate heat rates in Table A6. 4 9 5 8 6 1 2 7 3 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Notes: able 8.4b Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Electric Power Sector, 11 10 Year 008 006 001 981 993 977 978 982 975 986 000 970 003 990 984 994 976 005 950 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 009 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 992 007 979 999 980 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 988 995 002 998 011 955 991 997 996 983 987 960 004 010 989 965 949 985 ection. Selected Years, 1949-2011 uels). ndependent power producers. 2 f b n o 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 i 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 s 1 1 1 T 1 1 234

255 235 ty of 9. m 2, er or t." 47 63 91 95 94 83 92 82 87 84 79 77 89 75 78 75 78 73 80 R 980 940 Total 1,168 1,558 1,076 1,364 1,540 1,508 1,050 1,538 1,537 1,158 1,068 1,607 1,675 1,542 1,033 1,504 1,053 R Net – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Imports Electricity 2004-2007—EIA, For • 9 Totals may not equal sum • 7 37 39 39 36 45 36 40 35 43 46 42 46 41 35 35 41 31 44 14 55 14 10 10 11 11 11 11 10 13 R R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) – – – See Table 8.4b for electric pow Other • 12 18 34 33 35 23 25 25 28 16 22 35 21 20 21 21 19 21 24 R 440 311 200 439 208 231 422 182 419 382 421 468 219 226 518 417 199 410 197 R Total 5 (s) (s) (s) (s) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Wind See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note • 5,8 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat • Solar/PV 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • Geo- thermal See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 198 • 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili 7 • Data are for energy consumed to produce electricity. Renewable Energy 4 5 8 5 3 5 4 8 9 7 8 10 • R 16 14 13 13 10 15 13 13 15 15 34 31 32 21 24 24 15 21 33 26 19 18 20 19 20 23 19 11 R Waste Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – – =Not applicable. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Notes: Web Pages: Sources: 11 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." • 6 sector electricity-only and CHP data. Power Producer Report." • components due to independent rounding. "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Repor Report—Nonutility." 2 2 1 1 1 1 Biomass 464 189 335 179 188 367 364 194 160 373 369 394 267 362 187 349 173 370 172 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) R Wood Industrial Sector Commercial Sector 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 42 16 55 49 32 31 39 29 17 33 18 55 61 43 28 58 18 33 16 (s) Power Conventional Hydroelectric – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Power Electric Nuclear U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (Subset of Table 8.4a; Trillion Btu) 36 45 48 45 62 45 59 57 55 57 56 44 60 43 58 46 44 46 43 R 946 740 814 820 804 716 800 885 803 801 R Total 1,081 1,104 1,093 1,074 1,113 1,064 1,057 1,056 1,051 4 1 1 83 88 62 88 73 85 87 71 70 (s) R 107 143 127 108 106 104 105 114 112 102 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) R – – – – – – – Other Gases 3 39 38 44 28 37 42 40 39 44 35 40 31 18 34 35 34 35 35 40 R 530 572 585 660 637 626 534 537 660 456 687 535 643 617 674 697 554 580 570 R Gas Natural Fossil Fuels 2 1 1 1 4 7 6 6 5 4 2 5 4 1 5 5 2 5 6 4 14 39 30 67 31 63 66 20 61 21 74 62 55 68 42 79 52 61 12 R Petroleum 1 6 8 8 8 8 7 8 9 9 9 7 14 11 14 12 13 13 99 12 12 111 229 143 261 233 242 145 227 151 255 109 245 245 260 259 217 146 141 R Coal P P Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. Values are converted from kilowattthours to Btu using the approximate heat rates in Table A6. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. 4 2 5 1 6 3 7 8 9 able 8.4c Consumption for Electricity Generation by Energy Source: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, 10 Year on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 010 997 997 005 001 007 009 990 999 011 006 000 003 007 998 002 006 009 002 995 001 004 003 989 998 008 005 008 999 989 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 995 990 000 996 011 004 996 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 010 Selected Years, 1989-2011 uels). b 1 n o 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 f 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 T 2 1

256 2010 2010 Wood Waste 2007 2007 2004 2004 2001 2001 1998 1998 1995 1995 1992 1992 1989 1989 2 4 0 8 6 0.2 0.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 10 Quadrillion Btu Trillion Cubic Feet Natural Gas Wood and Waste 2010 2010 2007 2007 Total Petroleum Residual Fuel Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2004 2004 Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation (All Sectors), 1989-2011 2001 2001 1998 1998 1995 1995 1992 1992 1989 0 1989 0 50 1.2 0.6 0.3 0.9 150 300 250 100 200 Source: Table 8.5a. Billion Short Tons Million Barrels 236 Coal Figure 8.5a Consumption of Petroleum

257 237 ) ss ( 24 0.0 Commercial² Commercial² 0.6 181 Industrial² Industrial² 7.3 CHP¹ 416 CHP¹ Plants Plants Electric Power Electric Power Electricity-Only Electricity-Only 0 2 8 6 4 0 400 200 300 500 100 Sources: Tables 8.5b-8.5d. (sss)=Less than 0.5 million barrels. (ss)=Less than 0.05 trillion cubic feet. (s)=Less than 0.5 million short tons. Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Btu Natural Gas Wood and Waste ) ) s 0 0 ( sss ( Commercial² Commercial² U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 8 Industrial² Industrial² —CHP¹ —CHP¹ 47 925 Plants Plants Electric Power Electric Power Electricity-Only Electricity-Only 0 0 40 60 20 200 400 600 800 Combined-heat-and-power plants. 1,200 1,000 ² Combined-heat-and-power and electricity-only plants. 1 Million Barrels Million Short Tons Coal Petroleum Figure 8.5b Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation by Sector, 2011

258 d d in s, s. to of 1 39 59 34 41 40 36 36 40 36 42 37 46 10 184 160 173 183 193 191 162 168 162 172 170 R Btu Trillion NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other 2 2 2 4 2 7 1 2 1 8 2 7 7 2 1 9 281 151 247 288 332 301 332 339 283 211 228 316 230 324 257 249 330 230 241 245 287 272 267 R NA NA NA NA NA Waste Totals may not equal sum • 3 1 3 2 3 8 2 5 8 5 3 1 5 2 3 2 6 3 Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 10 350 345 485 425 490 442 498 475 481 484 486 480 519 496 344 513 355 605 353 350 333 320 339 R Wood (s) 7 90 90 97 91 97 84 R 126 141 136 119 125 125 136 112 133 110 135 156 126 131 159 115 115 Btu Trillion NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other Gases 6 628,919 550,121 Million 7,680,185 3,485,429 3,928,653 4,367,148 5,081,384 5,832,305 3,899,718 4,564,770 3,691,563 5,321,984 3,764,778 4,737,871 3,080,868 3,157,669 3,191,200 6,036,370 6,126,062 5,691,481 5,616,135 4,312,458 5,674,580 6,461,615 7,089,342 3,225,518 2,910,767 3,490,523 3,681,595 1,153,280 2,602,370 3,188,363 2,844,051 2,635,613 3,044,083 3,640,154 2,321,101 1,724,762 3,111,342 3,931,860 7,880,481 7,121,069 6,895,843 Cubic Feet R Natural Gas See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an • 5 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning • Data are for fuels consumed to produce electricity. Data also include fuels consumed • 65,071 66,301 88,195 75,421 75,274 49,533 67,668 80,932 R 280,986 172,241 207,871 216,672 183,618 192,462 218,800 222,640 159,715 203,669 132,578 624,193 556,261 506,479 206,785 206,653 168,597 144,626 195,228 203,494 110,634 112,615 246,804 201,116 421,110 232,046 250,517 250,141 524,636 205,736 174,571 338,686 115,203 351,806 637,830 Total Barrels See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. Thousand • Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilitie Web Pages: Sources: Tables 8.5b and 8.5d. Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. 11 See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," at end of section. components due to independent rounding. annual data. 1949. • fuels). produce useful thermal output at a small number of electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plant independent power producers, commercial plants, and industrial plants. beginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derive 5 98 70 68 667 231 252 261 149 139 179 268 398 348 313 409 636 4,994 4,860 3,871 2,504 3,020 4,086 3,169 1,914 4,552 1,789 3,355 4,561 6,303 3,744 6,836 8,330 7,677 3,322 6,036 5,417 7,363 4,821 R NA NA NA NA NA Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 303 715 437 929 380 237 974 855 759 549 680 2,056 1,707 1,450 2,947 2,968 2,856 1,712 1,894 2,328 2,917 2,822 2,174 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Petroleum Other Liquids 3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 23,997 14,246 84,371 69,862 61,534 69,998 28,576 38,191 63,833 95,507 58,473 R 249,614 216,156 391,163 142,088 109,235 329,798 165,312 588,319 311,381 177,780 144,467 143,381 141,518 228,984 158,187 189,289 574,869 159,059 190,652 172,728 158,779 142,518 118,741 514,077 110,274 184,011 106,055 229,327 145,225 467,221 492,606 234,434 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 4,767 3,824 4,928 5,423 5,412 14,050 10,775 27,733 22,365 48,837 14,635 29,672 13,174 20,309 20,252 18,143 15,337 15,190 41,843 30,691 31,150 16,564 15,683 14,493 20,163 25,951 14,326 16,845 38,907 21,313 18,769 15,367 12,832 23,286 47,520 16,512 20,651 25,062 24,123 31,675 19,615 12,658 29,051 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 91,871 83,963 932,911 781,672 979,684 949,802 805,140 907,209 842,153 569,274 143,759 405,962 593,666 946,295 972,691 664,399 931,949 848,796 477,126 176,685 860,594 758,372 320,182 625,211 527,051 934,683 693,841 596,797 994,933 792,457 987,583 448,371 481,235 685,056 244,788 717,894 793,666 Coal R Thousand 1,030,556 1,014,058 1,046,795 1,020,523 1,041,448 1,042,335 Short Tons 11 P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. For 1949–1979, data are for steam plant use of petroleum. For 1980–2000, Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. For 1949–1979, data are for gas turbine and internal combustion plant use of Wood and wood-derived fuels. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 8 4 6 5 3 9 2 7 1 able 8.5a Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-201 10 Year 955 etroleum. For 1980–2000, electric utility data also include small amounts of kerosene and jet fuel. 980 003 lectric utility data also include a small amount of fuel oil no. 4. 979 004 010 011 992 978 005 960 977 006 976 007 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 982 965 001 981 950 000 984 999 985 998 949 986 997 987 975 008 996 988 995 989 970 994 990 993 991 009 002 983 (Sum of Tables 8.5b and 8.5d) 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 o 1 n 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 p 1 1 2 e 2 T 238

259 239 , d ly in c. in s. nt m m to of of nt er er 2 4 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 3 3 10 109 116 117 131 117 117 116 136 115 122 137 R Btu Trillion Other NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) 2001-2003—EIA 4 2 1 2 8 7 7 2 1 7 2 1 2 2 2 9 • 126 217 205 252 292 287 269 294 290 180 255 280 282 249 256 242 205 221 244 206 216 216 224 R See Note 1, "Coverage Waste NA NA NA NA NA • 8 3 2 8 2 3 1 2 5 3 5 3 1 5 6 3 2 3 Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 75 10 116 104 117 129 125 117 134 125 106 120 106 126 177 160 159 165 163 156 166 150 160 141 R Wood (s) 7 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-759, "Monthly Pow 7 6 9 6 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Pla • • 18 23 16 12 12 14 14 19 12 20 20 23 21 24 27 28 27 30 25 Btu Trillion NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other Gases 2004-2007—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and For 6 • 550,121 628,919 Million 3,023,513 4,093,773 3,659,810 3,216,056 3,324,963 5,014,071 4,415,813 4,643,775 3,903,195 3,758,484 3,344,239 5,142,493 3,225,518 2,910,767 3,188,363 2,602,370 3,640,154 3,111,342 3,490,523 2,844,051 3,044,083 3,931,860 2,635,613 3,681,595 3,080,868 3,191,200 3,157,669 7,085,416 7,278,562 4,909,248 5,075,339 5,484,780 6,566,991 6,501,612 5,891,222 3,147,289 6,342,331 5,408,279 1,724,762 1,153,280 2,321,101 Cubic Feet R Natural Gas 1989-1997—EIA, Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report," and For • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an 1982-1988—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, "Month • • 5 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning 1949-September 1977—Federal Power Commission, Form FPC-4, "Monthly Power Pla • • Data are for fuels consumed to produce electricity. Data also include fuels consumed October 1977-1981—Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Form FPC-4, "Monthly Pow • 47,398 77,149 64,151 66,301 88,195 75,421 75,274 62,477 • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. R 271,340 119,663 190,810 130,168 205,119 179,034 147,202 169,387 209,447 183,946 194,345 157,719 338,686 250,141 637,830 174,571 250,517 351,806 201,116 524,636 205,736 246,804 421,110 232,046 506,479 624,193 556,261 195,809 195,336 199,760 105,235 107,316 204,745 156,154 115,203 Total Barrels • See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. Thousand • Notes: Web Pages: Sources: The electric power sector comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants with See Table 8.5d for commercial and industrial CHP and electricity-only data. • Power Plant Report." Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the publi 1949. Plant Report." • annual data. Plant Report," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generator Report—Nonutility." EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." produce useful thermal output at a small number of electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plant Report." Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end section. EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report." Operations Report." 5 70 98 68 517 974 268 409 398 348 139 636 261 231 179 252 313 149 2,467 2,452 1,490 3,201 2,571 3,308 3,155 2,256 3,607 3,999 4,679 4,281 7,877 7,135 5,719 1,008 5,000 4,485 5,523 6,905 5,705 R NA NA NA NA NA Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 9 58 25 441 567 118 411 130 374 213 667 514 403 1,564 1,848 2,511 2,591 1,937 1,783 2,110 2,496 2,608 1,243 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Petroleum Other Liquids (Subset of Table 8.5a) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3 13,914 23,560 56,347 62,072 37,222 69,998 61,534 69,862 27,768 98,795 84,371 88,895 R 242,708 138,337 137,361 138,831 492,606 112,423 165,875 151,921 138,047 189,289 229,327 234,434 216,156 171,629 110,274 329,798 137,681 104,577 311,381 228,984 158,779 391,163 467,221 183,285 514,077 137,198 151,407 574,869 588,319 159,150 184,011 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 3,824 5,412 4,928 5,423 4,767 10,513 26,036 13,677 12,318 19,450 15,135 12,578 27,441 18,793 47,520 15,337 24,123 21,313 12,469 21,810 18,646 20,241 23,875 29,056 16,394 16,512 38,907 15,190 18,472 18,066 14,255 11,848 29,051 23,166 41,843 14,635 14,559 14,326 48,837 18,769 29,722 15,367 30,691 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 91,871 83,963 924,523 971,245 771,551 320,182 975,251 982,713 937,888 527,051 758,372 685,056 836,113 569,274 829,851 693,841 934,126 961,523 929,692 481,235 143,759 664,399 919,009 176,685 781,301 894,400 477,126 244,788 448,371 596,797 625,211 717,894 782,653 593,666 405,962 847,854 793,390 Coal R Thousand 1,041,346 1,022,802 1,036,891 1,003,036 1,012,459 1,033,567 Short Tons 11 P Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. For 1949–1979, data are for gas turbine and internal combustion plant use of Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. For 1949–1979, data are for steam plant use of petroleum. For 1980–2000, Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 4 1 5 7 6 3 2 9 8 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. able 8.5b Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Electric Power Sector, 10 11 Year 988 979 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived etroleum. For 1980–2000, electric utility data also include small amounts of kerosene and jet fuel. ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 994 987 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 980 993 011 978 003 004 977 995 981 976 992 982 975 996 983 lectric utility data also include a small amount of fuel oil no. 4. 970 002 991 965 010 990 960 997 984 006 955 009 001 950 998 985 949 989 986 999 008 007 000 005 Selected Years, 1949-2011 uels). ndependent power producers. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 o 1 1 n 2 1 1 1 2 1 b 1 1 f 1 2 p 1 i 1 2 2 1 1 1 e 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 T 1

260 d s. m 9. m to to of of or er t." 9 2 2 1 9 1 2 9 2 1 98 11 10 10 16 10 11 20 10 10 R 117 120 108 107 122 107 107 105 112 105 R Btu Trillion Other – – – – – – – – (s) 9 16 18 26 17 21 28 16 26 22 22 20 26 24 18 18 31 18 30 21 R 262 263 193 185 264 258 162 111 179 198 189 267 190 266 203 235 222 223 228 R 2004-2007—EIA, For 1998-2000—EIA, For • • See Note 1, "Coverage Waste • Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 84 95 96 94 59 87 16 20 18 22 91 23 22 23 24 21 22 26 29 30 20 16 27 23 23 24 R 127 105 118 143 141 105 134 142 137 133 136 153 R Wood 7 1 1 6 6 6 7 9 2 1 5 2 1 2 2 1 R 24 19 22 27 17 22 23 19 25 15 21 14 18 14 20 19 R Btu Trillion – (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other Gases 6 892,509 838,833 890,012 800,173 821,839 933,804 232,946 353,179 816,402 863,968 836,086 914,600 921,341 806,202 871,881 978,563 845,950 Million R 2,790,567 3,780,314 4,258,467 3,287,571 3,729,175 3,543,931 1,128,935 2,823,724 1,149,812 2,794,110 4,163,930 3,039,227 5,091,049 4,092,729 4,592,271 4,141,535 5,611,600 6,439,729 6,239,466 5,520,491 5,750,589 Cubic Feet R Natural Gas 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • 12 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 198 • 5 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, "Monthly Pow • 11 7,933 2,366 5,953 5,389 6,738 8,431 6,498 8,209 1,215 3,499 2,575 Data are for fuels consumed to produce electricity. Data also include fuels consumed • R 11,366 11,046 12,440 98,497 12,310 11,320 13,147 11,942 11,175 45,032 58,197 71,760 59,902 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. R 270,125 144,212 108,297 181,905 197,137 186,904 118,848 193,945 201,246 136,156 170,799 187,601 191,827 100,818 Total Barrels • Thousand Combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5. Sources: Web Pages: 12 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. See Table 8.5d for commercial and industrial CHP and electricity-only data. 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." • EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat under "Electricity-Only Plants." Report—Nonutility." produce useful thermal output at a small number of electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plant • sell electricity and heat to the public. Data do not include electric utility CHP plants—these are include section. Plant Report," and Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end • EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Repor 5 223 926 517 843 746 918 812 215 R 1,482 1,698 1,797 5,988 1,780 4,794 3,925 1,456 1,082 1,001 2,202 1,716 1,370 1,514 1,891 4,059 1,010 1,687 1,827 1,008 1,457 6,096 6,876 1,039 3,642 4,711 4,254 4,464 R Electricity-Only Plants – – Thousand Short Tons Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants Petroleum Coke 4 7 6 3 18 17 94 30 50 26 71 R 792 347 117 100 444 130 787 915 133 307 936 991 134 310 800 380 295 199 517 1,546 1,676 1,441 1,002 1,070 2,478 1,709 1,911 1,777 R Petroleum Other Liquids (Breakout of Table 8.5b) 3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 747 1,097 1,199 2,311 1,144 1,254 1,155 2,334 2,410 1,095 1,955 2,627 2,434 1,311 2,059 2,054 2,728 1,162 1,090 12,817 26,569 55,192 60,929 36,059 86,584 96,386 22,470 R 241,960 136,050 109,989 135,419 137,082 102,622 149,193 181,231 163,541 157,090 137,736 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 139 368 289 203 340 462 872 944 850 998 509 760 340 R 1,898 1,111 1,721 1,360 1,491 1,438 10,374 27,695 14,956 16,169 17,361 17,702 22,293 22,877 28,001 25,574 11,509 21,521 25,951 17,944 11,950 18,689 14,626 12,375 13,337 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 7,088 4,173 14,878 16,731 19,085 14,926 17,927 18,033 18,506 13,773 19,498 14,764 15,455 17,685 15,634 15,174 16,126 13,197 15,575 R 954,514 909,645 960,077 767,378 924,692 913,566 983,538 832,928 904,245 967,080 774,213 994,774 946,068 920,353 878,825 Coal R Thousand 1,015,640 1,017,806 1,022,840 1,004,769 Short Tons P P Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. Through 2000, electric utility data also include small amounts of kerosene Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Electricity-only plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity to the Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Wood and wood-derived fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. Through 2000, electric utility data also include a small amount of fuel oil no. 4. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. 5 6 4 1 7 2 8 9 3 able 8.5c Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, 10 11 Year 001 005 008 995 011 005 006 990 007 008 011 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). nd jet fuel. 989 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 003 004 009 ublic. Data also include a small number of electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants. 002 997 996 998 000 007 999 999 998 000 997 001 996 002 006 995 990 003 989 009 010 004 010 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from Selected Years, 1989-2011 uels). 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 o 2 2 1 n 2 2 1 a 1 b 1 2 2 1 1 f 2 2 1 2 2 p 2 2 1 2 2 T 240

261 241 d ic in ty of m 2, or t." 10 7 14 55 43 31 11 10 10 13 37 41 35 46 44 35 45 46 42 41 36 40 39 35 36 39 14 11 10 11 11 R R Btu (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) – – – Trillion Other 9 8 8 3 8 5 4 7 5 4 5 9 R 24 15 19 20 21 21 23 31 34 32 13 13 13 10 14 13 16 15 15 24 19 20 19 15 33 26 18 R 2004-2007—EIA, For • Waste Totals may not equal sum • Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 1 1 1 1 2 2 172 464 173 187 188 370 373 267 394 349 189 179 369 160 194 335 367 364 362 See Tables 8.5b and 8.5c for electr R • (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wood 7 1 1 70 71 87 83 62 73 88 85 88 R 106 104 143 105 127 102 112 114 108 107 (s) Btu R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) – – – – – – – – Trillion See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note • Other Gases 6 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat • Million 39,462 37,773 42,380 34,623 42,700 36,248 38,975 27,544 34,087 33,403 34,279 40,693 39,045 17,987 38,480 33,785 37,029 32,839 32,545 R 555,307 685,239 564,146 517,805 535,770 520,109 566,401 553,643 519,799 443,928 610,268 639,165 516,729 653,565 622,599 640,381 601,397 624,878 668,407 Cubic Feet R Natural Gas 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an • 5 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning • 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili • 172 112 333 649 645 166 953 790 258 802 931 190 823 766 894 585 834 Data are for fuels consumed to produce electricity. R 11 • 2,422 2,023 1,023 3,617 5,066 5,041 6,440 8,482 3,328 6,919 1,165 12 R 11,608 10,424 11,723 10,530 12,595 13,813 10,459 12,392 13,103 12,265 Total Barrels See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. Thousand • Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5. Notes: Web Pages: Sources: 12 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." Power Producer Report." components due to independent rounding. power sector electricity-only and CHP data. Report—Nonutility." annual data. 1989. • "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Repor 5 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 2 1 2 Industrial Sector 313 279 512 335 541 150 416 456 452 905 860 582 944 588 853 884 902 557 Commercial Sector R 1,130 – – Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 3 2 1 1 1 10 208 144 344 214 294 640 391 421 377 218 460 107 137 239 479 412 R 1,046 1,006 1,145 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) – – – – – Petroleum Other Liquids U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (Subset of Table 8.5a) 3 21 15 29 94 39 R 416 318 769 941 372 469 359 326 214 116 152 310 218 201 292 421 200 282 R 3,043 6,624 4,366 2,980 2,010 1,666 4,831 6,494 7,042 6,995 5,845 5,024 5,693 6,460 6,118 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 94 168 143 231 392 952 824 385 815 664 825 383 377 580 545 156 882 211 422 520 506 493 505 145 436 553 131 583 524 R R 1,461 1,079 1,359 1,574 1,571 1,056 1,678 1,448 1,169 Distillate Fuel Oil 1 297 314 569 514 582 377 317 656 369 477 481 347 377 417 414 361 532 440 630 R 8,125 8,091 4,674 5,075 7,687 9,707 7,504 5,089 7,408 Coal R 11,706 10,636 10,440 12,153 11,855 12,171 11,728 12,311 11,432 10,740 Thousand Short Tons P P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. 3 6 5 7 4 8 2 9 1 able 8.5d Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, 10 11 Year ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 010 006 003 000 995 996 011 005 999 005 999 006 001 008 003 998 004 007 000 002 989 008 007 997 001 002 990 990 010 997 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 996 011 004 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 989 998 009 009 995 Selected Years, 1989-2011 uels). 2 2 1 f b 2 n 1 1 o 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 T 2

262 2010 2010 Industrial Commercial Electric Power 2007 2007 Industrial 2004 2004 Electric Power and Commercial 2001 2001 1998 1998 1995 1995 1992 1992 1989 0 1989 300 900 600 0 1,200 800 600 200 400 Trillion Btu Billion Cubic Feet Natural Gas Wood and Waste 2010 2010 Industrial Commercial Electric Power 2007 2007 Electric Power U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2004 2004 Industrial Commercial 2001 2001 1998 1998 1995 1995 at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants by Sector, 1989-2011 1992 1992 1989 1989 5 0 5 0 25 30 20 10 15 10 15 20 Sources: Tables 8.6b and 8.6c. Million Barrels Million Short Tons 242 Coal Figure 8.6 Estimated Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Useful Thermal Output Petroleum

263 d ls al 243 d, er 10 52 27 70 55 67 55 51 58 69 64 60 69 60 52 50 53 49 63 54 75 39 58 71 R Btu Trillion Other 9 66 62 51 68 32 46 71 72 59 51 69 46 57 68 44 56 38 35 59 60 61 59 61 See "Useful Therm R • Waste Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 876 881 836 876 884 746 913 862 875 997 903 902 682 779 683 822 696 813 982 924 816 R 1,016 1,049 Wood 7 172 190 224 178 238 230 187 218 138 147 181 209 188 180 176 185 166 200 116 214 226 176 203 Btu Trillion Other Gases 6 Estimates do not include electric utility combined-heat-and-pow • (Sum of Tables 8.6b and 8.6c) Million 821,775 826,548 860,019 865,774 834,382 984,340 949,106 982,958 985,263 721,267 868,569 733,584 784,015 563,307 717,860 898,286 654,749 663,963 872,579 942,817 816,787 793,537 R Cubic Feet 1,052,100 Natural Gas Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," at end of section. 5 • Estimates are for fuels consumed to produce useful thermal output; they exclude fue • 9,054 10,161 27,873 28,802 25,562 26,822 26,394 14,811 22,266 17,939 28,845 24,408 27,929 23,039 19,357 24,077 18,268 25,965 19,775 25,870 20,371 13,161 12,016 Total Barrels R Thousand Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, an Notes: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Sources: Tables 8.6b and 8.6c. 10 consumed to produce electricity. (CHP) plants. Output" in Glossary. fuels). beginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derive 5 783 924 763 517 247 918 862 777 661 897 1,059 1,105 1,275 1,437 1,235 1,336 1,137 2,009 1,031 1,043 1,262 1,259 1,007 R Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 722 495 857 642 895 756 935 838 353 609 563 681 835 289 890 943 R 1,320 1,302 1,455 1,629 1,363 1,222 1,908 Petroleum Other Liquids 3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2,947 2,432 5,097 9,402 5,285 R 16,661 17,933 15,397 18,822 10,341 16,357 18,428 18,552 15,293 16,474 15,882 16,539 15,390 14,133 10,783 11,373 13,292 11,826 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 599 1,197 2,574 4,665 2,142 1,359 1,305 3,027 4,944 1,462 2,584 1,481 2,897 1,410 2,192 2,358 2,449 3,795 2,153 3,357 2,082 2,050 2,811 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 21,727 22,014 20,806 24,275 19,081 22,810 23,227 20,320 18,944 17,720 19,372 18,458 20,373 20,418 17,561 20,507 20,609 23,833 19,750 21,005 16,510 22,168 20,466 Coal R Thousand Short Tons P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. 3 2 4 1 5 8 6 9 7 able 8.6a Estimated Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Useful Thermal Output Year 003 011 002 994 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 991 004 995 010 990 996 005 997 989 009 998 006 008 999 000 007 001 992 993 at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 o 1 n T 2

264 e ," ls ts ty nt m ot te or 8 1 1 2 6 2 9 8 8 7 1 8 4 7 8 4 10 R Btu Trillion See No (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other • 9 6 8 6 5 15 12 15 10 21 10 13 16 11 15 17 16 14 20 25 24 17 17 14 R 2004-2007—EIA, For • Waste Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 8 18 24 18 23 20 21 19 10 21 16 21 21 19 19 18 20 12 13 10 20 15 11 R Totals may not equal sum of componen Wood • 7 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Pla 3 6 5 6 5 7 5 4 5 6 6 7 4 • 33 36 34 10 38 37 60 34 31 12 R Btu Trillion Other Gases (Subset of Table 8.6a) 6 See Table 8.6c for commercial and industrial CHP data. Estimates are for combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within th • • 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat • 81,670 97,330 99,868 Million 301,769 323,364 144,062 161,608 330,878 384,365 147,091 142,753 326,048 339,796 263,619 122,908 128,743 305,542 388,424 199,808 172,471 175,757 192,253 225,967 R Cubic Feet Natural Gas 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • See "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. • 5 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili 841 • Estimates are for fuels consumed to produce useful thermal output; they exclude fue • 1,578 1,591 1,605 1,791 1,805 2,424 2,466 2,114 2,129 1,907 2,784 2,424 1,591 1,229 2,688 1,101 1,930 1,171 1,412 1,322 1,423 1,596 R Total Barrels Thousand Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5. Notes: 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors Report—Nonutility." Power Producer Report." due to independent rounding. Operations Report." include electric utility CHP plants. at end of section. NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity and heat to the public. Estimates do n consumed to produce electricity. EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report." 5 4 98 58 40 80 R 113 111 171 175 119 222 162 195 206 126 237 103 119 128 120 – – – Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 1 4 2 1 3 29 95 10 98 58 87 62 23 27 23 86 88 19 51 30 R 202 100 104 Petroleum Other Liquids 3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 963 944 998 197 919 995 653 355 572 467 985 1,471 1,019 1,014 1,072 1,127 1,015 1,074 1,045 1,630 1,024 1,246 1,155 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 73 69 66 113 120 314 371 187 154 486 343 190 225 173 230 134 219 290 192 183 308 104 294 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 639 4,035 3,808 2,520 3,689 3,935 2,376 3,834 2,255 3,033 2,080 2,355 1,221 2,493 1,266 3,918 2,910 1,704 3,795 3,107 3,809 2,241 1,794 R Coal Thousand Short Tons P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. 3 7 2 5 1 8 9 6 4 able 8.6b Estimated Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Useful Thermal Output 10 Year on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 002 990 011 995 996 993 010 989 997 009 998 991 992 008 999 007 000 006 001 005 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 004 003 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 994 at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Electric Power Sector, 1989-2011 uels). 1 1 2 o 1 n 1 2 2 b 1 f 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 T 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 244

265 245 ls ty ts 9. nt m at 1, or 8 9 6 9 8 9 7 7 10 36 53 10 60 48 58 67 50 55 58 22 57 53 63 48 48 10 11 10 41 57 57 R Btu Trillion – – – – – – (s) (s) Other See Note • 9 8 38 12 12 36 19 13 10 22 26 25 12 27 14 19 21 29 13 25 10 20 23 25 31 21 19 30 18 16 24 21 13 15 14 31 30 31 22 R 2004-2007—EIA, For • Waste Biomass 8 1 Trillion Btu 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 857 864 862 849 659 855 882 892 685 790 672 905 735 977 875 959 796 R 1,000 1,029 Wood (s) (s) (s) Totals may not equal sum of componen • 7 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Pla • (s) – – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Btu 139 154 202 160 171 113 175 182 219 178 187 223 165 126 139 179 142 190 180 R R Trillion Other Gases 6 (Subset of Table 8.6a) See Table 8.6b for electric power sector CHP data. • 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat • 46,324 43,661 41,430 34,964 18,913 19,973 40,075 41,275 44,991 33,112 47,941 35,987 32,813 42,407 12,049 47,844 39,233 34,172 46,527 Million R 473,683 459,524 659,021 730,108 469,588 656,665 538,506 762,210 656,071 678,608 434,676 475,327 745,165 565,803 554,970 624,443 469,970 496,796 578,828 R Cubic Feet Natural Gas 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • See "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 198 • • 5 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili 265 169 416 596 555 601 494 331 601 682 504 794 803 809 792 • Estimates are for fuels consumed to produce useful thermal output; they exclude fue R • 8,318 1,104 7,279 9,605 1,243 1,045 1,006 11 R 22,182 23,056 24,848 26,518 25,541 24,718 16,287 16,963 21,939 15,788 13,555 20,062 20,940 10,900 17,166 17,640 12 Total Barrels Thousand Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants. Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5. Web Pages: Sources: 12 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. • end of section. Operations Report." "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," Power Producer Report." EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report." due to independent rounding. Report—Nonutility." consumed to produce electricity. 5 6 6 3 8 9 8 3 9 9 3 3 3 8 4 11 11 Industrial Sector 950 987 542 247 918 798 568 800 769 675 399 873 Commercial Sector R 1,307 1,097 1,230 1,835 1,010 1,090 1,055 – – – Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 2 28 12 20 692 491 893 267 670 808 584 560 662 352 882 790 R 1,222 1,312 1,686 1,529 1,207 1,402 1,136 – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) (s) Petroleum Other Liquids U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3 88 122 108 601 715 261 304 587 340 173 613 381 404 173 328 366 412 309 573 R 1,381 1,882 4,093 9,097 9,429 9,971 9,041 3,909 R 13,738 14,328 15,272 12,459 11,167 13,791 16,084 15,313 17,069 13,148 14,285 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 53 90 R 473 993 389 505 248 319 202 788 403 418 155 260 570 101 417 287 470 119 254 120 R 4,228 1,088 1,488 2,200 1,850 1,844 1,624 1,149 1,277 1,258 1,835 3,153 2,473 1,066 4,391 1,772 Distillate Fuel Oil 1 711 916 773 929 850 1,406 1,336 1,544 1,481 1,108 1,005 1,652 1,540 1,034 1,566 1,002 1,234 1,009 1,539 R 16,513 16,643 15,160 14,406 14,377 17,542 18,926 17,449 17,041 15,119 16,827 17,192 15,091 18,371 17,281 16,330 16,824 16,325 17,854 Coal R Thousand Short Tons P P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. 7 4 8 2 9 5 1 3 6 able 8.6c Estimated Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power 10 11 Year 997 998 996 990 010 000 997 010 006 008 004 005 990 004 001 009 008 011 003 995 995 005 007 002 989 007 003 002 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 998 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 989 001 000 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 011 006 999 996 009 999 Plants: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 uels). 2 b n 1 o 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 f 2 T 2

266 2010 2010 Total Total 2007 2007 Electricity Generation Useful Thermal Output Useful Thermal Output Electricity Generation 2004 2004 2001 2001 1998 1998 1995 1995 1992 1992 1989 1989 2 6 8 0 4 0.0 1.5 0.5 1.0 2.0 10 Quadrillion Btu Trillion Cubic Feet Natural Gas Wood and Waste 2010 2010 Total 2007 2007 Useful Thermal Output U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Total 2004 2004 Useful Thermal Output Electricity Generation 2001 2001 Electricity Generation 1998 1998 1995 1995 1989-2011 1992 1992 1989 0 1989 50 1.2 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.6 300 150 100 200 250 350 Sources: Tables 8.5a, 8.6a, and 8.7a. Million Barrels Billion Short Tons Coal 246 Figure 8.7 Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output, Petroleum

267 d d al 247 d, 88 97 91 92 95 86 85 92 10 237 103 189 254 262 228 229 109 114 237 212 252 239 101 237 R Btu Trillion Other 9 346 407 189 349 374 300 333 292 333 404 392 263 357 304 282 289 401 344 293 400 289 328 257 See "Useful Therm R • Waste Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 1,226 1,397 1,028 1,214 1,263 1,349 1,401 1,380 1,336 1,382 1,352 1,204 1,256 1,399 1,321 1,266 1,137 1,360 1,287 1,353 1,182 1,303 1,389 R Wood 7 262 206 307 281 348 263 346 314 313 311 353 278 288 329 300 334 259 316 341 356 350 294 341 R Btu Trillion Other Gases 6 Million 8,501,960 4,048,736 5,433,338 8,707,029 4,346,311 7,937,856 4,428,742 5,151,163 4,617,578 6,730,591 5,572,253 6,304,942 4,662,236 5,178,232 6,030,490 7,020,709 6,726,679 6,337,402 7,961,922 7,404,432 7,689,380 6,986,081 6,676,744 Cubic Feet R Natural Gas Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an • 5 See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. • See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," at end of section. 75,231 58,586 80,830 92,948 • R 188,517 300,342 172,499 218,855 226,708 234,694 211,547 158,140 251,486 244,765 196,318 234,940 224,593 131,005 229,364 132,389 231,193 183,408 217,494 Total Barrels Thousand Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, an Web Pages: Sources: Tables 8.7b and 8.7c. Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. 10 annual data. Output" in Glossary. fuels). beginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derive non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 5 915 6,053 6,095 5,666 5,828 4,596 2,832 4,590 6,196 2,566 5,989 3,366 4,157 4,200 4,532 7,299 8,721 6,314 7,067 8,622 7,353 4,669 9,113 R Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 656 526 2,777 2,203 1,418 1,215 1,695 1,322 2,468 1,332 3,218 1,571 1,539 1,812 1,230 3,396 4,576 3,257 4,237 4,270 4,764 3,765 2,904 R (Sum of Tables 8.7b and 8.7c) Petroleum Other Liquids 3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 26,944 16,678 33,672 43,477 74,616 69,846 R 164,047 209,081 265,970 124,607 193,073 134,623 189,267 112,168 172,319 160,941 176,992 177,137 118,637 157,478 152,859 156,673 156,915 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 15,247 11,374 29,143 16,852 14,800 21,697 30,616 20,194 25,177 22,444 22,893 33,724 19,590 19,293 30,006 24,748 23,520 31,825 34,572 14,655 14,137 17,042 24,446 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 954,925 970,175 928,015 812,124 811,538 869,405 824,512 955,190 991,635 966,615 952,955 798,181 861,904 881,012 Coal Thousand 1,001,411 1,064,503 1,005,144 1,031,778 1,065,281 1,044,798 1,069,606 1,053,783 1,015,398 Short Tons R P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. Through 2000, electric utility data also include small amounts of kerosene Wood and wood-derived fuels. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. Through 2000, electric utility data also include a small amount of fuel oil no. 4. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. 2 1 3 7 4 8 5 9 6 able 8.7a Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Year 003 992 005 011 002 994 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 004 995 010 990 996 991 997 989 009 998 006 008 999 000 007 001 nd jet fuel. 993 Total (All Sectors), 1989-2011 o 2 1 1 1 1 a 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 T 2

268 ) d ts m 1, to m at or er t." 3 5 3 1 5 1 4 1 2 2 2 10 124 113 126 124 131 124 125 140 138 123 143 Btu Trillion Other (s) See Note • 9 264 132 308 315 282 309 229 265 211 262 318 296 300 269 223 231 221 237 230 258 261 230 188 R 2004-2007—EIA, For 1998-2000—EIA, For • • Waste Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 196 100 134 150 140 152 126 137 137 138 126 138 125 175 185 167 180 129 182 177 165 150 186 R Wood Totals may not equal sum of componen • 7 9 52 19 25 24 16 18 29 11 19 15 20 24 56 33 61 61 65 55 58 11 41 84 Btu Trillion Other Gases 6 Million 7,387,184 5,342,301 4,588,284 3,472,982 4,064,803 3,315,925 5,206,324 4,819,531 3,105,183 3,902,546 3,447,871 3,806,901 4,236,526 7,601,926 5,671,897 6,872,533 3,244,619 6,668,379 5,869,145 5,135,215 5,463,763 6,841,408 6,222,100 Cubic Feet R Natural Gas 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an See "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. • • 5 See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, "Monthly Pow • • See Table 8.7c for commercial and industrial CHP and electricity-only data. The electric power sector comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP • • 64,055 49,003 66,081 79,056 R 149,668 206,291 191,911 210,769 171,178 180,625 158,948 185,358 195,769 272,931 122,447 132,593 156,995 206,550 198,498 202,184 109,431 107,365 196,932 Total Barrels Thousand Sources: Web Pages: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. (s)=Less than 0.5. Notes: 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." the public. end of section. due to independent rounding. EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat annual data. "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, • EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Repor Plant Report," and Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." Report—Nonutility." 5 517 974 4,777 3,275 3,735 1,494 3,372 2,315 4,102 2,611 3,427 2,674 2,642 4,394 1,008 4,611 5,816 5,119 7,101 8,083 5,799 5,685 7,372 R Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 10 26 59 454 431 771 152 377 239 128 544 499 653 (Subset of Table 8.7a) 1,877 1,568 1,267 2,210 2,685 1,870 2,594 2,713 2,670 2,026 R Petroleum Other Liquids 3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 24,503 14,876 99,951 90,023 28,782 57,345 38,241 63,086 R 172,625 138,222 184,915 104,773 166,528 244,179 159,504 113,669 138,726 152,493 152,481 138,513 139,409 138,279 139,816 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 13,790 10,586 14,849 20,612 14,359 18,553 29,274 21,876 16,567 24,058 26,156 23,300 12,623 12,035 18,989 18,780 30,016 19,107 19,675 12,646 15,327 12,547 27,632 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 975,052 928,558 921,364 850,230 831,645 936,619 838,354 940,922 964,433 985,821 782,567 783,874 896,921 795,094 933,627 977,507 772,190 Coal R Thousand 1,040,580 1,016,268 1,045,141 1,005,116 1,026,636 1,037,485 Short Tons P Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. Through 2000, electric utility data also include small amounts of kerosene Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. Through 2000, electric utility data also include a small amount of fuel oil no. 4. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. 7 3 8 6 9 2 5 1 4 able 8.7b Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: 10 Year 998 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 006 011 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 005 nd jet fuel. 004 007 003 002 001 000 999 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 997 996 995 994 993 992 991 990 989 008 009 010 Electric Power Sector, 1989-2011 uels). 2 1 2 1 a 1 2 1 2 1 b 1 2 1 2 1 f 1 2 1 2 1 2 o 2 2 2 n T 248

269 249 d in ty ts m at 1, or t." 10 22 91 40 21 22 21 95 93 23 18 21 17 85 89 99 86 92 92 94 98 94 20 15 17 82 60 R R 102 103 101 108 Btu – – – (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Trillion Other See Note • 9 36 47 44 34 36 34 38 41 42 36 40 29 36 31 35 34 35 34 36 27 22 24 31 41 28 33 34 39 34 53 25 26 58 35 35 47 54 54 R R 2004-2007—EIA, For • Waste Biomass 8 Trillion Btu 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 926 955 1,029 1,037 1,211 1,255 1,259 1,136 1,097 1,148 1,244 1,213 1,193 1,216 1,125 1,054 1,249 1,166 1,084 R Wood Totals may not equal sum of componen • 7 1 1 210 224 290 283 305 195 277 264 245 253 268 325 331 248 295 331 275 239 204 R Btu (s) – – – – – – – R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Trillion Other Gases 6 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat • 85,786 81,433 72,072 66,216 67,735 75,555 73,975 58,453 78,655 86,915 82,455 77,664 30,037 46,458 70,074 84,874 67,957 84,037 87,220 Million R 913,516 954,785 989,769 Cubic Feet 1,028,990 1,023,670 1,281,620 1,258,063 1,354,986 1,288,876 1,050,439 1,385,546 1,055,235 1,083,607 1,309,636 1,143,734 1,401,374 1,240,209 1,114,597 1,190,844 Natural Gas R (Subset of Table 8.7a) 2001-2003—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an See "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. • • 5 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning • 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili 437 282 935 671 521 752 • See Table 8.7b for electric power sector electricity-only and CHP data. R 9,302 2,009 1,832 1,449 1,250 1,246 1,245 1,584 1,967 2,056 1,615 1,630 1,613 1,807 • 11 10,740 34,448 38,910 25,444 37,265 38,661 28,857 26,817 37,312 22,706 13,222 30,520 36,159 22,207 26,212 25,163 27,380 14,228 12 Total Barrels R See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. Thousand • Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5. Web Pages: Sources: 12 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." due to independent rounding. "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," end of section. Power Producer Report." 1989. annual data. Report—Nonutility." • EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Repor 5 9 6 8 6 9 4 4 4 9 6 4 4 12 10 10 11 12 Industrial Sector 397 Commercial Sector 1,264 1,265 1,912 2,090 2,719 1,529 1,099 1,339 1,511 2,251 1,209 1,020 1,950 1,824 1,388 1,602 1,257 1,184 R – – Thousand Short Tons Petroleum Coke 4 2 1 3 21 16 38 900 635 800 823 646 374 R 1,305 1,643 2,448 1,039 1,815 1,095 1,008 2,535 1,953 1,583 2,030 1,526 1,268 – – – – – (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Petroleum Other Liquids U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3 143 773 883 827 509 103 932 676 708 202 434 520 834 400 212 789 545 413 R 1,699 2,298 4,678 1,087 5,034 R 20,445 20,909 13,463 11,096 23,079 16,718 24,111 13,872 21,732 16,860 17,483 21,807 18,993 11,981 16,835 Residual Fuel Oil Thousand Barrels 2 641 233 147 794 682 812 771 854 266 671 257 366 418 759 969 908 R 1,224 1,085 2,333 1,643 3,648 2,851 2,983 1,171 2,657 3,977 5,799 1,053 1,026 5,852 2,101 1,458 3,298 3,424 2,499 1,903 3,522 1,115 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 1,633 1,720 1,927 2,021 1,798 1,547 1,816 1,490 1,886 1,405 1,443 1,738 1,448 1,917 1,660 1,419 1,191 1,922 1,125 R 24,638 24,733 25,262 25,875 29,434 29,363 26,232 27,763 24,867 27,781 19,766 25,755 29,853 24,846 21,902 28,553 28,031 22,537 26,613 Coal R Thousand Short Tons P P Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and, Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. Jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum liquids, and waste oil. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. 5 6 7 4 1 8 2 9 3 able 8.7c Consumption of Combustible Fuels for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: 10 11 Year 004 010 011 001 009 002 010 007 008 004 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 005 003 eginning in 2001, non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived 011 006 008 999 989 000 998 990 997 995 003 996 996 995 997 002 990 998 989 001 007 006 999 000 009 005 Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 uels). 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 n 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 b 2 f 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 T o

270 l 2010 Coa 4 2 Coke Petroleum Petroleum 2005 2000 3 3 Other Liquids 1995 2 1990 15 Fuel Oil Residual 1985 1 1980 17 Fuel Oil Distillate 1975 5 0 10 15 20 Petroleum coke, which is reported in short tons, is converted at a rate of 5 barrels per short Million Barrels 1 Sources: Tables 8.8, A3, and A5. 4 2 4 3 0 Quadrillion Btu ton. Petroleum Products, 2011 Coal and Petroleum, 1973-2011 2010 2010 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 0 50 50 Jet fuel and kerosene. Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. 150 100 100 150 200 2 3 1 Million Barrels Million Short Tons 250 Petroleum, 1949-2011 Coal, 1949-2011 Figure 8.8 Stocks of Coal and Petroleum: Electric Power Sector, End of Year

271 251 , d ly in to nt m m nt er er 5,6 2001-2003—EIA • 8,604 50,062 51,583 47,203 44,498 37,608 40,932 53,170 39,151 57,031 61,795 46,181 52,490 56,591 51,138 51,434 25,647 19,572 13,671 10,201 54,109 50,821 87,870 63,333 83,970 48,146 73,313 89,652 73,933 75,343 72,183 69,714 62,890 71,084 40,800 Total R 144,252 132,338 125,413 119,778 119,090 128,345 135,635 121,857 Thousand Barrels 5 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-759, "Monthly Pow 2008 forward—EIA, Form EIA-923, "Power Pla • 50 31 44 91 67 55 65 69 89 32 52 86 94 49 51 70 40 42 41 • 554 739 674 530 470 390 469 559 937 105 183 239 198 211 372 NA NA NA NA NA 1,394 1,711 1,484 1,019 Totals may not equal sum of components due R • Petroleum Coke Thousand Short Tons 2004-2007—EIA, Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report," and For • 4 1989-1997—EIA, Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report," and For • 800 879 779 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly an 1982-1988—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, "Month NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA • • 1,902 2,257 1,380 1,955 1,012 2,690 2,319 R See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning 1949-September 1977—Federal Power Commission, Form FPC-4, "Monthly Power Pla • • Petroleum Other Liquids October 1977-1981—Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Form FPC-4, "Monthly Pow • See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. • Sources: Web Pages: Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report." EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." independent rounding. Plant Report," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generator Report—Nonutility." Power Plant Report." annual data. Report." Plant Report." 1949. Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." Operations Report." 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA 21,088 47,446 33,336 58,636 67,030 28,823 56,841 57,304 35,102 37,451 68,503 56,135 54,187 24,748 19,068 70,573 34,594 25,723 24,136 46,770 46,344 27,624 55,069 26,596 95,515 25,820 32,473 15,469 34,256 16,629 R 102,402 105,351 124,750 111,121 106,993 108,825 102,042 Thousand Barrels Residual Fuel Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 NA NA NA NA NA NA 19,153 16,386 16,343 15,392 15,714 16,471 14,703 17,886 19,116 15,099 15,127 13,824 18,801 17,761 20,486 15,456 17,413 15,759 16,644 23,369 16,357 16,432 16,269 19,275 26,094 20,301 18,778 19,281 30,023 18,013 15,216 15,674 16,386 18,395 17,101 17,995 16,758 R Distillate Fuel Oil 1 Coal 41,391 22,054 71,908 54,525 51,735 98,826 31,842 156,166 140,964 179,727 156,376 183,010 102,296 126,304 151,221 181,132 146,507 111,341 121,567 159,714 117,436 161,589 126,897 120,501 106,669 189,467 138,496 114,623 161,806 128,225 135,860 168,893 170,797 101,137 155,598 110,724 157,876 154,130 141,714 133,219 174,917 175,100 141,604 R Thousand Short Tons See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants The electric power sector comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) • • P 7 Fuel oil nos. 5 and 6. For 1973–1979, data are for steam plant stocks of petroleum. For 1980–2000, Fuel oil nos. 1, 2, and 4. For 1973–1979, data are for gas turbine and internal combustion plant stocks Distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil; beginning in 1970, also includes petroleum coke; and beginning Through 1998, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1999, data are for electric utilities and Jet fuel and kerosene. Through 2003, data also include a small amount of waste oil. Petroleum coke is converted from short tons to barrels by multiplying by 5. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, and lignite. 6 2 5 7 1 3 4 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Notes: able 8.8 Stocks of Coal and Petroleum: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, End of Year 1949-2011 Year 001 003 997 970 984 980 999 977 982 007 011 000 994 991 992 989 004 983 996 955 008 950 975 f petroleum. For 1980–2000, electric utility data also include small amounts of kerosene and jet fuel. 002 993 979 lectric utility data also include a small amount of fuel oil no. 4. 965 981 985 009 005 998 949 976 987 995 978 988 010 986 960 006 lants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to 990 he public. ndependent power producers. n 2002, also includes other liquids. i p 1 1 i e o 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 t 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1

272 2010 0.01 Commercial Transportation Residential Transportation Industrial 2005 0.98 2000 Industrial 1995 group of facilities that house the generating equip- 1.32 Commercial 1990 1.42 1985 Residential 1.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 Source: Table 8.9. Trillion Kilowatthours ment. Direct use is exclusive of station use. process located within the same facility or 1980 Retail Sales¹ by Sector, 2011 2011 1975 Direct Use² Retail Sales¹ Total End Use 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1965 in direct support of a service or industrial 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 ed, 2) produced by either the same entity that ers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1960 1955 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 1950 1989 1 Use of electricity that is 1) self-generat Electricity retail sales to ultimate custom 0.5 0.0 1.0 1.5 2 3 4 5 0 2 1 Trillion Kilowatthours Trillion Kilowatthours consumes the power or an affiliate, and 3) used 1996, other energy service providers. Overview, 1989-2011 252 Retail Sales¹ by Sector, 1949-2011 Figure 8.9 Electricity End Use

273 253 y y f. 7 d ), l: ." A ic ic in ty of ry m at an 9 199 • Electr 74 73 98 92 89 87 90 93 85 80 98 90 94 88 86 85 95 95 73 48 32 34 68 70 71 20 22 29 107 113 106 109 104 103 Commercia – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Other (Old) Commercial (Old) 8 October 1977-Februa 1999-2010—EIA, • • 1949-2002—Estimated by EI • 51 79 45 820 795 766 526 887 631 544 761 583 606 660 514 699 488 863 473 751 726 979 929 403 461 447 307 131 200 425 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1,055 1,104 1,002 1,083 Discontinued Retail Sales Series Commercial (Old) 2003 forward—EIA, EPM (February 2012 • Transportation: 7 (February 2012), Table 5.1. 2011—Estimate based on the 2010 value adjusted b • 497 291 688 954 255 3,632 3,724 3,484 3,716 3,254 2,837 3,890 3,865 3,592 3,662 3,164 3,302 2,897 3,425 3,081 2,756 2,886 3,001 3,811 3,557 3,817 2,094 2,151 2,147 2,071 2,286 2,086 2,324 2,369 2,457 2,578 1,747 2,018 1,392 1,948 1,855 3,886 3,856 P R 1949-September 1977—Federal Power Commission, For • Total End Use March 1980-1982—FERC, Form FPC-5, "Electric Utility Compan • 1984-1996—EIA, Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Utility Report." • Industrial: 6 1989-1997—EIA, Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report and • 163 139 134 109 166 125 124 127 171 156 132 168 161 172 150 153 126 151 168 147 146 130 132 E R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-826, "Electric Utili • (November 2011), Table 7.2. Direct Use Electric Power Monthly (EPM) See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning 1949-2002—See sources for "Residential" and "Industrial." • • Residential Direct Use: 5 See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. • Sources: 2003 forward—EIA, EPM (February 2012), Table 5.1. 1998—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generator Report—Nonutility." 1949-2002—Estimated by EIA as the sum of "Commercial (Old)" and the non-transportation portion 497 291 954 688 255 annual data. Company Monthly Statement." 1949. forward—EIA, 1980—Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FPC-5, "Monthly Statement of Electr Monthly Statement." FPC-5, "Monthly Statement of Electric Operating Revenue and Income." • the percentage change in commercial and industrial net generation on Table 8.1. Other (Old): "Other (Old)." See estimation methodology at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/sep_use/notes/use_elec.pd Operating Revenue and Income." http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/sep_use/notes/use_elec.pdf. • as the transportation portion of "Other (Old)." See estimation methodology • Table 5.1. Power Annual 2010 2,762 2,647 2,071 2,147 2,861 2,094 3,597 2,578 3,465 2,151 3,394 2,457 2,713 2,086 2,763 2,369 2,286 2,324 3,312 3,421 2,935 3,661 3,013 3,670 3,101 3,494 3,765 3,264 3,146 3,733 3,547 1,948 1,855 1,392 1,747 2,018 3,754 3,726 P R Total Retail Sales 4 4 3 5 3 3 3 6 5 4 8 4 6 4 5 5 5 5 5 7 8 5 7 5 8 5 5 8 5 5 7 5 8 3 3 3 6 3 3 7 3 3 6 8 E E E E E E E E P E E Transportation 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3 826 926 896 858 946 947 831 837 973 917 838 990 776 977 745 997 815 842 146 123 786 809 754 688 571 260 429 324 976 971 P R 1,009 1,008 1,034 1,064 1,018 1,058 1,011 1,013 1,019 1,012 1,038 1,028 1,051 Industrial Retail Sales 2 59 66 E E 543 715 980 559 744 913 885 855 664 784 609 596 811 953 850 689 620 838 514 492 468 352 531 231 159 103 E E E E E E E E 1,230 1,078 1,191 1,300 1,199 1,275 1,104 1,336 1,159 1,027 1,336 1,307 1,205 1,330 1,319 P R Commercial 67 72 794 722 906 819 751 588 128 683 291 850 606 924 893 936 730 466 645 995 780 201 955 674 717 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity for updated monthly and • 1,192 1,265 1,276 1,380 1,083 1,392 1,292 1,043 1,364 1,130 1,352 1,008 1,202 1,145 1,076 1,359 1,424 1,446 P R Residential Use of electricity that is 1) self-generated, 2) produced by either the same entity that consumes the "Commercial (Old)" is a discontinued series—data are for the commercial sector, excluding public Industrial sector. Through 2002, excludes agriculture and irrigation; beginning in 2003, includes Commercial sector, including public street and highway lighting, interdepartmental sales, and other Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, other "Other (Old)" is a discontinued series—data are for public street and highway lighting, Transportation sector, including sales to railroads and railways. The sum of "Residential," "Commercial," "Industrial," and "Transportation." The sum of "Total Retail Sales" and "Direct Use." 7 1 9 3 4 5 6 2 8 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Web Pages: able 8.9 Electricity End Use, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 005 griculture and irrigation. nergy service providers. 011 998 990 949 991 983 981 982 994 980 995 979 002 010 978 996 001 993 977 ower or an affiliate, and 3) used in direct support of a service or industrial process located within the same 985 009 976 003 975 000 986 008 970 987 992 965 007 960 988 004 955 997 006 950 989 999 984 treet and highway lighting, interdepartmental sales, and other sales to public authorities. ales to public authorities. (Billion Kilowatthours) acility or group of facilities that house the generating equipment. Direct use is exclusive of station use. ncluding railroads and railways. nterdepartmental sales, other sales to public authorities, agriculture and irrigation, and transportation 2 a 1 1 1 s 1 2 2 s 1 2 1 1 1 p 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 i 2 1 2 1 2 i 2 1 f 1 e 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 T 1

274 2010 tation 9.33 Transpor- 2005 Residential 10.58 Transportation 2000 Industrial Other³ Commercial 1995 6.08 Industrial Real¹ 1990 6.89 ental sales, other sales to public authorities, 1985 Nominal² 9.10 1980 Commercial 10.32 1975 1970 10.41 Prices, 1960-2011 1 Residential 1965 11.80 2 0 6 8 4 1960 12 10 14 5 0 Public street and highway lighting, interdepartm Source: Table 8.10. Note: Taxes are included. 3 15 10 Cents per Kilowatthour Real (2005)¹ Cents per Kilowatthour agriculture and irrigation, and transportation including railroads and railways. By Sector, Real By Sector, 2011 2010 2010 tation Transpor- Industrial Nominal² 2005 2005 Residential Real¹ 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 1995 Other³ Commercial 1990 1990 ng gross domestic product implicit price defla- 1985 1985 1980 1980 1975 1975 1970 1970 1965 1965 1960 1960 2 2 0 8 4 6 8 0 4 6 See “Nominal Price” in Glossary. In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by usi 12 12 10 10 2 1 Cents per Kilowatthour Nominal² Cents per Kilowatthour tors in Table D1. See “Chained Dollars” in Glossary. Total, 1960-2011 254 By Sector, Nominal² Prices, 1960-2011 Figure 8.10 Average Retail Prices of Electricity

275 255 , s e a g e ." ." ly al 0. ry of 6 9.7 8.6 9.0 8.7 9.1 9.2 7.1 7.1 8.2 6.9 7.0 8.5 7.3 8.62 8.97 8.14 8.81 8.04 8.3 7.88 8.59 7.86 7.68 7.65 9.8 9.83 8.25 7.81 7.0 8.90 8.09 8.0 9.27 8.64 8.85 8.95 9.02 8.44 7.90 9.09 9.47 8.86 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 10.9 10.5 11.0 10.45 10.45 10.22 R R R Total 1997 forward—EIA 5 • 1.8 2.9 3.7 4.0 3.4 3.1 2.5 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 8.90 9.74 8.14 9.99 7.29 6.91 1.7 6.3 1.7 7.44 6.85 6.74 6.57 9.13 7.61 9.82 6.37 6.35 7.20 6.25 6.82 6.64 6.93 6.75 6.86 6.44 6.44 6.45 6.89 6.81 6.1 5.5 4.7 9.83 R Nominal 6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9.3 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1 7.5 7.4 7.4 9.1 7.5 7.4 9.0 8.2 7.94 8.56 8.5 8.8 7.75 8.86 8.17 9.25 7.39 7.32 8.98 9.88 8.43 7.31 8.80 8.70 9.70 8.31 9.86 9.58 8.79 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 10.2 11.1 10.6 10.0 10.1 R R R 4 Other 5 October 1977-February 1980—Federal Energy Regulato • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 4.0 3.3 3.5 3.6 5.3 1.9 2.1 1.7 2.0 2.8 1.9 6.51 6.74 6.11 1.8 1.8 1.8 6.56 1.8 7.20 6.84 5.9 6.4 1.8 6.20 6.40 6.75 6.88 6.09 6.88 6.35 6.63 6.25 6.91 6.91 6.21 4.8 5.90 Nominal 6 Through 1979, data are for Classes A and B privately owned electric utilitie • 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 9.24 9.89 8.57 9.33 8.01 9.13 7.42 9.52 9.71 Real R R (February 2012), Table 5.3. See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#prices for updated monthly and annu • 5 1984-1996—EIA, Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Utility Report." 1960-September 1977—Federal Power Commission, Form FPC-5, "Monthly Statement • • Transportation NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 9.54 8.57 7.54 7.18 9.70 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all annual data beginning in 196 10.74 10.58 10.65 10.57 • R Nominal Sources: Web Pages: See http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ for related information. March 1980-1982—FERC, Form FERC-5, "Electric Utility Company Monthly Statement 1983—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-826, "Electric Utility Company Month previous reporting periods. selected sample of electric utilities. Beginning in 1984, data are for a census of electric utilities. Beginnin Statement." Commission (FERC), Form FPC-5, "Monthly Statement of Electric Operating Revenues and Income • only. (Class A utilities are those with operating revenues of $2.5 million or more; Class B utilities are thos • with between $1 million and $2.5 million.) For 1980–1982, data are for selected Class A utilities whos electric operating revenues were $100 million or more during the previous year. For 1983, data are for Electric Power Monthly data. Electric Operating Revenues and Income." • in 1996, data also include energy service providers selling to retail customers. 6 5.97 7.1 5.9 6.6 8.2 6.9 6.29 6.2 6.3 5.5 4.6 4.3 4.3 5.73 4.5 6.08 7.83 6.46 6.31 4.1 5.43 5.0 4.5 5.23 5.97 5.57 6.21 4.7 4.9 8.7 9.0 5.42 6.02 5.10 7.7 5.71 6.78 5.29 5.35 8.06 7.01 8.07 5.23 6.10 6.19 6.56 7.36 5.53 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 2 5 Industrial 6.16 2.8 2.1 3.7 2.2 4.3 2.5 3.1 1.1 6.83 1.1 5.25 1.2 1.0 1.7 5.73 1.3 6.89 4.70 4.97 4.83 4.74 4.83 4.83 4.72 4.93 4.77 1.0 5.11 1.0 1.0 6.39 4.85 1.0 4.66 4.64 4.60 4.88 6.81 4.77 4.48 4.43 5.05 4.53 1.0 5.0 5.0 6.77 R Nominal 6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 9.54 9.16 8.44 9.1 8.6 8.6 8.67 8.5 9.8 9.10 8.6 8.53 9.08 9.5 9.89 9.42 9.67 8.97 8.36 9.9 8.37 9.18 8.56 9.19 8.73 8.66 9.27 1 Real R R R R R R R R R R R R 10.9 12.1 11.5 10.7 10.9 10.4 10.4 12.9 11.0 10.35 12.4 11.80 10.16 10.00 11.43 10.2 10.50 12.1 10.92 11.92 10.06 R R R R R R R R R R R R Data represent revenue from electricity • 5 Commercial 9.46 2.1 2.4 8.67 8.17 6.3 7.0 7.26 3.0 3.5 2.3 4.7 2.1 2.2 2.4 7.20 3.7 7.53 7.34 2.1 4.1 5.5 7.92 4.4 2.1 7.43 7.41 7.89 7.59 8.03 7.13 7.20 9.65 6.9 7.64 7.27 7.08 2.1 7.66 7.04 7.73 7.74 7.69 2.2 10.36 10.32 10.17 10.19 R Prices include State and local taxes, energy or demand Nominal • 6 9.40 9.45 9.5 9.0 9.46 8.9 9.0 9.25 9.29 9.15 9.96 9.65 9.0 9.26 Real R R R R R R 10.37 10.07 10.9 10.1 10.5 10.4 14.0 12.5 10.84 11.9 10.6 11.2 11.3 11.00 10.75 10.9 10.4 10.41 10.4 11.16 12.4 10.72 10.48 10.05 12.0 11.49 10.29 11.99 10.63 10.40 10.49 11.78 10.03 11.95 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 5 Residential 7.83 6.2 8.40 7.42 2.6 7.2 8.43 7.48 4.1 7.45 8.95 8.38 7.15 8.36 7.39 5.4 2.4 8.32 2.2 2.4 6.9 3.7 2.3 4.6 2.5 7.65 8.16 8.72 9.45 8.24 2.2 2.3 3.5 8.44 8.26 8.21 2.3 4.3 8.58 3.1 2.3 8.04 10.65 11.26 10.40 11.51 11.80 11.54 R Beginning in 2003, the category "Other" has been replaced by "Transportation," and the Nominal • P Commercial sector. For 1960–2002, prices exclude public street and highway lighting, In chained (2005) dollars, calculated by using gross domestic product implicit price deflators in Table Public street and highway lighting, interdepartmental sales, other sales to public authorities, agriculture Transportation sector, including railroads and railways. Industrial sector. For 1960–2002, prices exclude agriculture and irrigation. See "Nominal Price" in Glossary. 6 2 4 1 3 5 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. Notes: able 8.10 Average Retail Prices of Electricity, Selected Years, 1960-2011 iscellaneous charges applied to end-use customers during normal billing operations. Prices do not include 1. See "Chained Dollars" in Glossary. Year 979 996 969 980 004 971 006 970 995 977 007 010 972 009 nd irrigation, and transportation including railroads and railways. 974 976 973 992 991 978 005 998 975 011 981 988 003 994 993 eferred charges, credits, or other adjustments, such as fuel or revenue from purchased power, from 982 968 983 002 967 990 984 001 966 997 985 965 000 986 960 989 999 987 008 harges, customer service charges, environmental surcharges, franchise fees, fuel adjustments, and other ategories "Commercial" and "Industrial" have been redefined. (Cents per Kilowatthour, Including Taxes) etail sales divided by electricity retail sales. nterdepartmental sales, and other sales to public authorities. 1 r 1 1 2 c 1 m 2 d 2 2 1 i 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 a 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 D 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 c 1 1 T 1

276 4 Other² 22 Hydroelectric Pumped Storage 1 Solar/PV 101 Nuclear Electric Power 2 Geothermal 140 Energy 4 Renewable Waste 7 Wood 791 Fuels Fossil 0 Source: Table 8.11a. 900 300 600 45 Million Kilowatts Wind By Major Category, 2011 56 2010 Petroleum Total 2000 101 Fossil Fuels Power¹ electric Hydro- U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 Nuclear Electric Power 101 Power Electric Nuclear 1980 1970 319 Coal Renewable Energy 1960 413 Natural Gas 1950 0 0 200 400 600 800 300 100 400 500 200 Conventional and pumped storage. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil 1,200 1,000 1 2 Million Kilowatts Million Kilowatts technologies. fuels, batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, and miscellaneous By Source, 2011 256 Total, 1949-2011 Figure 8.11a Electric Net Summer Capacity, Total (All Sectors)

277 4 257 2010 0.8 Other 2008 0.3 Hydro- Power³ electric 2006 Electricity-Only Plants 0.5 2004 Waste Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants 2002 0.7 leum Petro- 2000 2.0 Other 1998 Gases² 1996 4.0 Coal 1994 5.0 Wood 1992 1990 Gas 14.7 Natural 0 750 500 250 Conventional hydroelectric power. Solar/PV, wind, batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, and miscel- 0 8 4 Sources: Tables 8.11a-8.11d. (s)=Less than 0.05 million kilowatts. 4 3 12 16 1,000 1,250 laneous technologies. Million Kilowatts Million Kilowatts Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, 1989-2011 Industrial Sector, 2011 (s) Other¹ Total (All Sectors) Electric Power Sector 0.1 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Waste Commercial and Industrial 0.4 Petroleum 0.4 Coal 1.1 Gas Natural 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 0 900 600 300 Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from Conventional hydroelectric power, solar/PV, wood, wind, blast furnace gas, propane gas, 1.2 1,200 0.0 0.8 0.4 2 1 Million Kilowatts Million Kilowatts fossil fuels gen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, and miscellaneous technologies. and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels, batteries, chemicals, hydro- Total (All Sectors) and Sectors, 1989-2011 Commercial Sector, 2011 Figure 8.11b Electric Net Summer Capacity by Sector

278 d s, of 9. at 69.2 63.4 721.8 785.9 775.9 905.3 978.0 778.6 811.7 775.9 948.4 734.1 962.9 746.5 769.5 848.3 764.0 739.9 754.6 986.2 994.9 565.5 517.2 578.6 535.9 114.2 336.4 491.3 552.1 234.8 167.1 598.3 677.7 655.2 635.1 664.8 674.1 621.1 613.7 Total 1,054.8 1,010.2 1,025.4 1,039.1 R 9 .5 .9 .5 .5 .9 .5 .7 .5 .5 .5 .8 .8 .7 .7 .5 .5 .5 .8 .9 .9 .9 .9 R 1.0 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other Totals may not equal sum • 85.7 86.8 92.1 93.1 91.7 96.4 94.9 96.8 89.1 89.9 98.7 93.9 94.8 94.6 96.1 95.0 95.3 82.7 18.5 19.2 83.6 27.4 78.6 80.5 63.9 79.2 79.0 35.9 51.1 83.4 91.7 86.9 92.4 91.2 90.8 84.1 85.3 139.6 127.1 108.0 101.9 116.4 132.6 Total R 1.5 1.8 2.3 2.4 1.7 3.9 6.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 6.0 1.9 1.7 1.7 8.7 4.4 1.8 45.2 11.3 16.5 24.7 34.3 39.1 R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wind NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," • 8 .2 .6 .3 .4 .5 .3 .4 .4 .4 .3 .5 .4 .4 .3 .4 .4 .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 .9 ) ) ) ) ) 1.5 11 11 11 11 11 ( ( ( ( ( NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Solar/PV For plants that use multiple sources of energy, capacity is assigne .7 .5 .5 .5 .9 .9 .5 .1 • 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.3 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.2 2.8 2.1 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.3 2.9 2.2 2.9 2.7 2.2 2.4 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 2.4 1.0 1.2 1.2 (s) (s) Geo- NA NA NA thermal 7 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Renewable Energy .2 .2 .2 .2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 4.4 2.1 3.0 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6 2.5 3.7 4.1 3.6 4.3 2.9 3.9 4.2 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.3 4.4 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( Waste See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 194 See "Generator Net Summer Capacity" in Glossary. • • 6 Biomass .1 .1 .1 .2 .1 .2 .1 .1 .1 .1 .3 .2 .2 .2 .1 .1 .1 Data are at end of year. • 5.2 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.2 6.8 6.4 6.7 5.9 5.8 6.5 6.8 5.9 6.9 6.1 6.2 6.7 6.2 6.7 6.1 6.8 5.5 7.0 (s) (s) (s) Wood Included in "Wind." Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilitie Web Pages: Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.05 million kilowatts. Sources: Tables 8.11b and 8.11d. 12 11 For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. • independent power producers, commercial plants, and industrial plants. components due to independent rounding. end of section. to the energy source reported as the predominant one. 5 78.9 74.1 78.7 78.9 77.6 78.0 77.9 76.0 76.4 74.8 77.4 78.5 78.6 77.5 79.4 73.9 77.9 79.2 79.4 79.4 79.4 77.8 79.9 82.4 63.8 35.8 78.0 90.3 27.4 89.7 85.3 78.4 83.0 82.9 83.9 51.0 78.6 19.2 18.5 81.7 88.9 89.3 78.8 R Power Conventional Hydroelectric 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 18.1 22.3 19.5 21.4 21.2 18.4 20.4 19.5 20.8 19.6 20.5 21.9 21.2 21.5 19.3 22.2 19.7 21.1 21.9 21.1 19.5 21.3 22.2 R Hydro- electric Storage Pumped .8 .4 .0 .0 0.0 7.0 98.2 99.0 97.9 99.0 97.1 97.4 98.7 99.5 99.6 98.2 99.6 99.7 99.1 99.6 99.2 56.0 49.7 46.3 43.8 50.8 37.3 63.0 69.7 79.4 51.8 85.2 94.7 93.6 60.0 101.4 100.3 100.8 100.8 100.0 100.3 101.0 101.2 R Power Electric Nuclear U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 86.8 44.9 50.0 790.7 519.4 782.2 561.7 770.2 689.5 764.0 550.0 761.6 757.1 598.9 554.2 527.8 731.2 531.4 572.6 563.9 634.9 541.8 745.4 774.3 564.1 536.7 488.3 458.9 265.4 478.6 410.4 394.8 444.1 420.8 130.8 488.8 485.0 472.8 490.6 375.1 432.1 469.6 182.9 Total R 4 2.7 2.7 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.3 1.9 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.5 2.3 1.7 2.1 1.5 2.3 2.1 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.0 1.7 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other Gases 3 407.0 135.7 413.1 195.1 164.8 140.8 174.1 176.5 401.3 158.6 147.6 397.5 355.4 388.3 219.6 383.1 180.3 252.8 371.0 174.5 152.2 392.9 312.5 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Gas R Natural Fossil Fuels 2 55.6 79.1 55.6 66.3 57.4 66.6 66.2 59.1 72.5 61.8 56.8 77.9 60.1 72.5 60.7 71.7 59.7 58.1 73.1 58.5 71.1 74.2 56.1 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Petroleum 1 319.2 316.8 303.1 311.4 314.3 313.4 312.7 313.0 313.4 307.4 315.1 315.4 313.6 311.4 315.5 315.8 313.0 309.4 310.1 314.2 313.0 307.4 313.3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R Coal 12 P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Through 1988, hydroelectric pumped storage is included in "Conventional Hydroelectric Power." Wood and wood-derived fuels. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, and miscellaneous technologies. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Included in "Wood." Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. 4 2 8 5 9 3 6 1 7 able 8.11a Electric Net Summer Capacity: Total (All Sectors), Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 Year 977 988 004 955 979 989 010 978 982 006 003 983 009 984 980 002 970 985 008 005 ther biomass. For all years, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic 965 001 986 981 960 011 007 975 000 950 998 990 987 949 997 991 996 992 995 976 993 994 999 ources, and tire-derived fuels). (Sum of Tables 8.11b and 8.11d; Million Kilowatts) 1 1 1 2 1 2 o 1 s 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 T 258

279 259 , , s d d ic ic 2, ry 9. er 69.2 63.4 698.8 736.5 709.9 715.3 782.1 721.2 741.8 728.6 747.7 918.6 818.8 750.1 756.5 747.6 933.4 875.8 948.6 956.2 981.3 965.7 996.2 114.2 535.9 517.2 578.6 565.5 336.4 552.1 491.3 234.8 167.1 598.3 613.7 621.1 655.2 677.7 664.8 674.1 635.1 Total 1,024.8 1,009.2 9 .1 .2 .1 .2 .2 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 1985-1988—EIA 1998-2000—EIA R • • – – – – – – – NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) Other See "Generator Net Summ • 80.7 81.4 85.9 90.2 87.8 86.4 87.3 88.6 83.1 90.6 88.8 84.0 91.3 87.8 89.2 84.9 92.9 95.9 27.4 18.5 19.2 63.9 83.6 80.5 79.0 78.6 82.7 79.2 35.9 51.1 83.4 84.1 85.3 90.8 91.2 91.7 92.4 86.9 133.5 110.5 102.0 121.1 126.6 Total R See Table 8.11d for commercial an • The electric power sector comprise • 1.5 6.5 1.7 2.3 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 4.4 1.6 2.4 6.0 1.7 1.7 3.9 8.7 1.7 45.2 16.5 11.3 34.3 24.7 39.1 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wind 1989-1997—EIA, Form EIA-860, "Annual Electr 8 • .2 .3 .4 .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 .4 .3 .3 .4 .4 .4 .4 .6 .3 .5 .4 .5 .4 .9 ) ) ) ) ) 1.5 11 11 11 11 11 ( ( ( ( ( NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Solar/PV See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note • For plants that use multiple sources of energy, capacity is assigne .9 .7 .5 .9 .5 .5 .5 .1 • 2.6 2.4 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.7 3.0 2.3 2.8 2.1 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.4 2.9 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 2.4 1.2 1.0 1.2 NA NA NA (s) (s) Geo- 2001 forward—EIA, Form EIA-860, "Annual Electric Generator Report." thermal • 7 .2 .2 .2 .2 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Renewable Energy 1.7 3.8 3.3 3.3 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.3 2.9 3.3 2.1 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.6 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.5 3.7 3.7 • R 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( Waste See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 194 • 1949-1984—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates. • 6 Biomass .1 .1 .1 .2 .1 .2 .2 .1 .2 .2 .1 .1 .1 .1 .3 .1 .1 Data are at end of year. • 1.1 2.1 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.6 2.1 R (s) (s) (s) Wood Notes: Sources: Web Pages: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. • kilowatts. Form EIA-860, "Annual Electric Generator Report." business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Generator Report," and Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." industrial CHP and electricity-only data. "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. to the energy source reported as the predominant one. Form EIA-860A, "Annual Electric Generator Report—Utility," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electr Capacity" in Glossary. Generator Report—Nonutility." electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose prima 5 73.6 78.6 78.3 74.2 77.9 78.2 76.8 78.0 78.3 77.4 77.9 76.9 77.0 75.4 73.3 78.3 77.5 75.3 77.6 77.1 76.9 78.2 19.2 82.4 83.0 51.0 90.3 78.4 83.9 88.9 79.9 18.5 82.9 81.7 89.7 35.8 27.4 63.8 85.3 78.6 78.0 89.3 78.5 R Power Conventional Hydroelectric 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 18.1 22.3 20.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 21.1 19.5 21.4 18.4 19.7 20.4 21.2 19.3 20.8 21.2 22.2 21.9 21.3 21.9 21.5 21.1 22.2 R ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Hydro- electric Storage Pumped .8 .4 .0 .0 7.0 0.0 50.8 43.8 94.7 63.0 79.4 46.3 49.7 56.0 93.6 85.2 51.8 37.3 69.7 60.0 98.2 99.2 99.5 99.6 97.4 99.6 98.7 99.7 99.6 97.9 99.1 99.0 98.2 97.1 99.0 101.4 100.0 100.8 100.8 100.3 100.3 101.0 101.2 R Power Electric Nuclear U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 44.9 50.0 86.8 130.8 485.0 420.8 478.6 488.3 490.6 432.1 472.8 488.8 182.9 265.4 410.4 469.6 458.9 375.1 444.1 394.8 767.4 501.9 517.9 741.5 550.7 543.1 738.4 543.0 722.4 529.8 513.3 748.1 533.7 707.6 540.9 611.6 509.3 751.9 734.3 575.9 666.5 522.5 759.1 Total R 4 .4 .7 .7 .1 .3 .4 .2 .3 .3 .1 .4 .3 .7 .7 .2 .3 .5 .2 .4 .7 .2 .3 .7 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Other Gases 3 125.4 397.3 372.0 204.7 385.5 296.6 339.1 129.9 163.4 181.1 141.0 167.1 377.1 137.1 367.5 161.4 381.8 146.9 161.9 236.8 152.5 355.2 391.4 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Gas R Natural Fossil Fuels 2 78.1 54.6 54.6 58.6 56.8 60.7 71.0 71.3 55.7 58.0 59.6 57.4 65.4 73.0 64.7 56.4 65.0 69.9 71.8 54.8 76.8 58.6 70.5 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Petroleum 1 312.4 298.0 314.8 308.5 305.0 311.0 306.1 310.9 308.5 306.0 304.3 308.8 309.2 310.2 309.1 308.1 302.3 310.7 310.5 309.6 309.0 302.5 309.8 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R Coal 12 P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Included in "Wood." Through 1988, hydroelectric pumped storage is included in "Conventional Hydroelectric Power." Wood and wood-derived fuels. Included in "Wind." Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, and miscellaneous technologies. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 2 4 7 8 5 9 3 6 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.05 million able 8.11b Electric Net Summer Capacity: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 11 12 Year 990 987 975 008 009 998 984 980 978 970 991 988 000 949 982 010 977 979 005 994 001 997 985 992 996 ther biomass. For all years, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic 960 976 950 002 004 989 011 981 007 986 955 995 003 965 983 993 006 999 ources, and tire-derived fuels). (Subset of Table 8.11a; Million Kilowatts) ndependent power producers. 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 s 1 o 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 T 1

280 , d n ic ic in al 9. 8.1 36.3 25.1 36.3 27.6 38.7 42.3 27.7 37.3 36.7 37.8 39.7 37.3 26.5 26.2 22.7 11.2 35.5 24.6 Total R 973.0 988.5 698.6 928.5 944.0 754.5 959.5 725.0 840.3 791.1 909.8 721.4 876.3 918.4 730.0 893.7 723.0 719.1 690.7 R 8 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .2 .1 .2 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .2 1998-2000—EIA • R – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) Other .8 .7 .9 .6 .6 .7 .7 .5 .6 .7 .7 .7 .6 .6 .7 .5 .7 .6 0.4 90.6 95.3 88.1 90.0 80.9 87.8 86.6 84.2 87.1 92.3 87.0 88.7 89.7 80.3 Total 125.8 132.6 109.8 101.3 120.3 R See "Generator Net Summer Capacity" • 6.0 1.7 2.4 1.8 2.3 1.7 1.6 4.4 8.7 3.9 6.5 1.7 1.5 39.1 45.2 16.5 24.7 34.3 11.3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – R Wind See Table 8.11d for commercial and industri • 7 .9 .3 .4 .4 .6 .3 .3 .4 .4 .5 .4 .4 .5 .3 .3 .4 .4 1.5 0.2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Solar/PV For plants that use multiple sources of energy, capacity is assigne • 2.4 2.4 2.9 2.3 2.2 2.9 2.1 2.8 2.2 2.8 3.0 2.7 2.9 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Geo- 2001 forward—EIA, Form EIA-860, "Annual Electric Generator Report." thermal See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note 2, "Classificatio • • 6 Renewable Energy .5 .4 .5 .4 .4 .5 .5 .4 .5 .5 .4 .4 .3 .2 .4 .4 .4 .2 3.3 3.3 2.6 1.9 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.2 2.6 3.1 0.2 1.5 10 Waste See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 198 • 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-860, "Annual Electr 9 • 5 Biomass Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Data are at end of year. • .4 .3 .4 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .1 .2 .2 .2 .2 .4 .4 .1 .3 .4 • R 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.4 0.2 0.9 Wood Web Pages: Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.05 million kilowatts. Notes: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. • Generator Report," and Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report." of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. Generator Report—Nonutility." Glossary. Form EIA-860A, "Annual Electric Generator Report—Utility," and Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electr to the energy source reported as the predominant one. CHP and electricity-only data. under "Electricity-Only Plants." 78.5 78.6 78.0 77.9 78.3 77.4 78.3 73.3 77.9 78.2 78.3 77.0 77.6 78.2 75.3 77.1 76.9 77.5 73.6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Power Electricity-Only Plants Conventional Hydroelectric Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 22.2 22.3 19.3 19.5 19.5 20.8 19.5 19.7 19.6 20.5 20.4 21.4 21.1 21.9 22.2 21.5 21.9 21.3 18.1 R Hydro- electric Storage Pumped – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 98.2 99.6 99.6 99.7 97.1 99.2 97.9 98.7 97.4 99.5 98.2 101.2 101.4 100.3 100.8 100.3 100.8 101.0 100.0 Power R Electric Nuclear U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 7.7 35.4 24.4 35.4 35.9 38.1 26.9 39.2 36.6 36.6 27.1 41.7 34.9 37.2 10.7 25.7 24.0 22.1 25.5 Total R 723.7 732.0 704.9 517.5 665.9 683.2 511.5 549.0 518.7 498.6 631.5 696.2 701.2 516.9 525.0 584.5 716.0 711.5 494.2 R 4 .5 .2 .5 .3 .1 .2 .1 .1 .1 .1 .1 .4 .1 .1 .1 .2 .2 .3 .2 .3 .3 .3 .2 .2 .2 .3 .3 R 0.4 – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) Other Gases 3 8.1 6.1 29.0 29.0 20.7 28.9 31.7 18.7 19.6 16.6 18.4 29.6 32.6 29.5 30.0 34.9 28.5 21.2 19.4 R 362.4 368.3 341.9 161.7 144.7 335.8 184.0 347.6 352.3 304.2 322.6 119.3 356.6 145.3 121.8 268.1 215.5 147.5 143.1 Gas Natural R Fossil Fuels 2 .8 .8 .9 .8 .9 .5 .7 .7 .8 .9 .9 .8 .2 R 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.2 53.8 53.8 76.6 59.8 78.0 54.8 53.9 70.2 57.3 63.8 55.5 57.5 64.7 58.6 56.9 57.5 70.6 55.8 64.2 R Petroleum 1 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.8 5.5 1.5 5.9 5.6 4.9 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.6 5.9 2.4 R 306.9 309.4 305.2 303.6 305.8 303.7 301.3 303.2 305.9 303.1 303.4 299.9 303.0 296.5 303.4 305.5 304.5 303.2 305.2 Coal R P P Electricity-only plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity to the Combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, and miscellaneous technologies. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Wood and wood-derived fuels. 7 5 2 9 3 8 1 4 6 able 8.11c Electric Net Summer Capacity: Electric Power Sector by Plant Type, Selected Years, 1989-2011 10 Year 998 989 005 999 996 009 001 989 000 999 010 998 001 995 004 995 007 003 006 011 996 000 997 009 008 997 002 008 002 010 ther biomass. For all years, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic 005 990 006 004 990 003 007 011 ublic. Data also include a small number of electric utility combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants. ell electricity and heat to the public. Data do not include electric utility CHP plants—these are included ources, and tire-derived fuels). (Breakout of Table 8.11b; Million Kilowatts) 2 p o 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 s 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 s 2 T 260

281 261 d ty 9. 2, er er or 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.9 2.3 1.4 2.3 2.2 1.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.1 27.2 27.8 27.7 22.9 26.8 26.8 26.6 27.4 28.0 27.3 27.1 26.6 21.8 25.9 26.2 26.0 27.3 25.5 27.4 Total R 8 .5 .9 .8 .8 .8 .6 .7 .7 .7 .5 .4 .6 .8 .5 .6 .6 .5 .8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.5 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other See "Generator Net Summ • .5 .4 .4 .4 .3 .5 .4 .5 .5 .4 .5 .2 .5 .5 .5 .5 .5 .2 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.9 6.4 5.4 6.3 6.5 5.7 6.3 6.2 5.5 4.8 0.2 5.5 Total (s) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – R (s) (s) (s) (s) Wind See Tables 8.11b and 8.11c for electric pow • 7 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Solar/PV See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note • For plants that use multiple sources of energy, capacity is assigne • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Geo- 1998-2000—EIA, Form EIA-860B, "Annual Electric Generat • thermal 6 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Renewable Energy • .1 .2 .2 .1 .1 .2 .2 .2 .5 .5 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .1 .1 .4 .4 .5 .5 .4 .4 .5 .3 .4 .4 .4 .4 .4 .4 .3 .2 .1 .2 2001 forward—EIA, Form EIA-860, "Annual Electric Generator Report." R 0.2 0.2 • Waste See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#electricity for all data beginning in 198 • 1989-1997—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-867, "Annual Nonutili • 5 Biomass 9 Data are at end of year. • 10 4.5 4.7 4.3 5.0 5.0 4.3 5.0 4.5 5.0 4.3 4.9 4.1 4.2 4.4 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.9 R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wood Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.05 million kilowatts. Web Pages: Sources: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. • Capacity" in Glossary. sector electricity-only and CHP data. to the energy source reported as the predominant one. "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of section. Power Producer Report." Report—Nonutility." .6 .8 .7 .7 .6 .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Power Industrial Sector Commercial Sector Conventional Hydroelectric – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Hydro- electric Storage Pumped – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Power Electric Nuclear U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.2 1.8 2.5 1.8 1.8 1.0 1.9 20.6 19.2 19.0 21.2 18.7 21.3 21.9 19.1 21.0 20.5 17.3 20.3 21.4 20.1 21.2 20.7 16.5 21.3 21.1 Total R 4 1.6 1.3 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.2 2.0 2.0 R – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Other Gases 3 .7 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.9 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.2 9.7 0.6 1.1 14.7 14.5 10.3 11.3 13.7 14.1 14.8 14.7 14.7 15.3 12.9 12.0 11.5 11.9 15.3 14.6 14.4 14.7 Gas R Natural Fossil Fuels 2 .4 .9 .3 .7 .3 .7 .7 .3 .4 .3 .9 .4 .3 .7 .7 .4 .3 .8 .3 .3 .8 .3 .2 .3 .8 .2 .3 .9 .4 .7 R 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 Petroleum 1 .4 .4 .4 .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 .4 .3 .3 .4 .3 .3 .4 .4 .4 3.3 4.8 4.8 4.0 3.4 3.2 4.0 0.3 4.6 4.1 4.2 5.0 3.2 4.4 3.8 4.8 4.6 4.0 5.0 4.0 Coal P P Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, and miscellaneous technologies. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal synfuel. Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. 6 7 2 3 4 5 1 9 8 able 8.11d Electric Net Summer Capacity: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Selected Years, 1989-2011 10 Year 990 003 995 003 997 990 007 989 001 001 009 998 997 999 002 011 998 999 007 000 996 004 989 004 008 000 005 996 010 011 005 010 006 009 002 006 995 008 ther biomass. For all years, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic ources, and tire-derived fuels). (Subset of Table 8.11a; Million Kilowatts) 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 o 2 2 s 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 T 2 1 2

282 2010 131 WECC 2008 2006 64 TRE 2004 • The summer peak period is June through 53 SPP 2002 2000 165 SERC 1998 1996 0 5 25 15 10 20 Notes: • Values for 2011 are forecast. Source: Table 8.12a. Percent 149 PJM September. Summer Capacity Margin, 1996-2011 2010 98 MISO 2007 2004 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5 MAPP 2001 1998 60 NPCC 1995 1992 46 FRCC 1989 1986 0 0 50 See “Noncoincident Peak Load” in Glossary. United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. See “North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)” in Glossary. 100 900 300 600 150 200 1 2 3 Gigawatts Gigawatts U.S.¹ Summer Peak Load,² All Interconnections, 1986-2011 262 U.S.¹ Summer Peak Load² by NERC³ Regional Assessment Area, 2011 Figure 8.12a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period

283 263 2010 107 WECC 2008 2006 52 TRE 2004 41 SPP 2002 2000 154 SERC 1998 1996 0 5 10 35 30 20 15 25 Source: Table 8.12b. Notes: • Values for 2011 are forecast. • The winter peak period is October through May. Percent 131 PJM Winter Capacity Margin, 1996-2011 2010 79 MISO 2007 2004 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5 MAPP 2001 1998 47 NPCC 1995 1992 48 1989 FRCC 1986 0 0 50 See “North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)” in Glossary. See “Noncoincident Peak Load” in Glossary. United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. 100 150 200 700 200 300 400 600 500 100 1 2 3 Gigawatts Gigawatts U.S.¹ Winter Peak Load² by NERC³ Regional Assessment Area, 2011 U.S.¹ Winter Peak Load,² All Interconnections, 1986-2011 Figure 8.12b Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Winter Peak Period

284 d d ), of 21 NA NA NA NA 19.1 20.9 21.6 19.9 20.5 15.7 14.3 16.2 20.9 14.5 14.6 18.7 17.5 16.4 18.6 18.9 15.4 12.9 18.2 16.1 22.2 22.2 R (percent) Capacity Margin 20 (November 2011 All Inter- Total 767,948 524,110 575,356 476,983 529,460 496,173 548,707 551,418 546,331 660,293 714,565 616,790 704,459 678,413 682,122 637,677 687,812 709,375 585,320 620,249 752,470 782,227 758,876 725,958 789,475 770,497 R connections 19 Totals may not equal sum • Inter- 90,551 90,657 99,205 81,787 97,809 92,096 97,389 82,967 129,352 115,921 109,119 102,212 110,001 103,592 123,136 119,074 122,537 113,629 108,739 114,602 142,096 130,760 128,245 134,829 139,389 130,962 Western WECC R connection 4 18 Electric Power Annual 2010 65,776 40,843 39,335 42,737 54,666 50,541 46,618 44,255 55,201 39,339 42,619 59,996 44,162 55,529 57,606 47,480 56,248 58,531 41,870 40,402 62,174 63,518 62,188 60,210 62,339 63,770 TRE R ERCOT 466,543 431,349 401,410 386,586 363,225 427,860 362,089 391,365 331,216 422,334 392,491 418,954 352,821 442,535 415,477 348,020 316,835 370,858 428,481 422,616 476,048 475,660 462,550 452,087 431,701 469,412 Subtotal 17 53,077 49,356 56,035 47,723 36,479 37,724 60,072 57,106 49,439 38,609 51,324 40,273 59,595 40,367 51,885 40,106 40,199 47,123 52,541 39,688 41,727 42,882 43,476 43,167 41,465 53,084 SPP R Regional Assessment Area 16 2 164,058 121,943 156,088 153,110 149,293 124,716 135,704 145,650 149,685 143,226 132,584 157,615 109,798 146,569 105,570 115,168 117,729 137,382 128,236 158,767 209,109 190,705 191,032 199,052 199,779 164,510 SERC R The summer peak period is June through September. 8,15 • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – R 191,920 181,700 161,241 169,155 190,200 RFC Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO). Texas Reliability Entity (TRE). Midwest Reliability Organization (MRO). ReliabilityFirst Corporation (RFC). SERC Reliability Corporation (SERC). United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). PJM Interconnection (PJM). Southwest Power Pool (SPP). Capacity margin is the amount of unused available capability of an electric power system at peak loa Notes: R=Revised. F=Forecast. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), 13 14 19 21 16 18 15 20 12 17 14 Demand Program Report," and predecessor forms. components due to independent rounding. as a percentage of capacity resources. Data are for the United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. Tables 4.1.A., 4.1.B., 4.3.A., and 4.3.B.; and EIA, Form EIA-411, "Coordinated Bulk Power Supply an 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – PJM 136,465 148,941 13 – – – – R 30,722 28,605 31,903 22,638 21,029 24,396 29,192 28,321 28,253 25,498 29,119 24,994 29,351 27,000 24,899 29,787 24,336 28,831 23,162 41,684 39,918 37,963 39,677 42,194 MRO 12 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 98,068 Balance of Eastern Region 108,346 MISO 11 by North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) Eastern Interconnection 1 4,598 4,810 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – MAPP U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 8,10 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 41,598 51,535 45,887 53,439 56,344 42,562 46,402 40,740 45,782 35,943 39,460 41,956 56,396 47,509 52,552 38,819 56,988 41,139 37,446 MAIN 8,9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 40,526 51,645 45,937 46,494 53,566 46,019 55,569 41,614 37,564 42,613 43,658 54,015 44,302 43,110 49,464 48,577 49,477 48,445 52,049 Noncoincident Peak Load MAAC 7,8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 80,930 69,606 81,224 90,798 95,300 92,619 98,487 99,239 72,561 87,165 93,784 79,149 78,550 75,442 93,492 92,033 79,258 100,235 102,996 ECAR 6 49,269 42,651 44,116 50,057 55,018 55,949 46,706 45,094 43,658 47,705 56,012 46,594 45,031 55,944 52,549 49,566 47,581 58,314 58,543 45,245 58,960 63,241 39,026 52,855 60,554 60,262 NPCC R 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 35,375 38,730 46,676 40,696 37,493 46,396 45,751 37,194 46,550 44,836 40,475 42,383 39,062 45,722 46,091 FRCC R F ECAR, MAAC, and MAIN dissolved at the end of 2005. Many of the former utility members joined See "North American Electric Reliablility Corporation (NERC)" in Glossary. Data include the U.S. Noncoincident peak load is the sum of two or more peak loads on individual systems that do not occur Historically, the MRO, RFC, SERC, and SPP regional boundaries were altered as utilities changed Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). Mid-America Interconnected Network (MAIN). Mid-Atlantic Area Council (MAAC). Mid-Continent Area Power Pool (MAPP). East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement (ECAR). Northeast Power Coordinating Council (NPCC). Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (FRCC). 8 2 4 1 3 7 5 6 9 able 8.12a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period, 1986-2011 10 11 FC, which came into existence on January 1, 2006. RFC submitted a consolidated filing covering the Year 007 011 006 ortion of NERC only. 988 991 993 005 istorical NERC regions of ECAR, MAAC, and MAIN. 998 t the same time interval. Peak load represents one hour of a day during the associated peak period. See 987 003 004 992 994 989 002 986 995 008 001 996 990 000 999 997 010 009 (Megawatts, Except as Noted) Balance of Eastern Region" category was introduced to provide a consistent trend of the Eastern Noncoincident Peak Load" in Glossary. eliability organizations. The historical data series for these regions have not been adjusted. Instead, the nterconnection. 2 " 2 2 1 1 1 1 h 2 p 2 2 1 2 R 1 2 1 2 r 1 1 2 " 2 1 1 I 2 1 1 a 1 T 264

285 d d ), 265 rs er 21 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 33.7 28.9 29.4 26.0 26.7 29.5 27.7 25.7 31.6 33.5 30.2 28.5 31.0 30.9 30.4 33.1 R (percent) Capacity Margin 20 (November 2011 All Inter- Total 651,418 554,081 485,761 518,253 422,857 576,312 588,426 529,874 459,734 544,684 492,983 570,915 604,986 448,265 496,378 521,733 484,231 618,701 593,874 567,558 643,557 640,981 626,365 637,905 668,818 662,928 R connections 19 Inter- 94,158 81,182 88,811 84,768 91,686 94,890 82,937 94,252 97,324 76,171 95,951 86,097 91,037 95,435 99,080 96,622 101,668 102,020 101,822 102,689 107,493 111,093 113,605 109,565 112,700 106,717 Western WECC R connection 4 18 Electric Power Annual 2010 57,315 34,621 35,407 42,702 36,180 35,815 35,055 37,966 45,414 44,010 28,730 41,876 35,448 39,164 44,015 38,868 31,399 36,965 44,641 38,388 47,806 50,408 56,191 48,141 50,402 51,642 TRE R ERCOT 400,589 371,977 339,686 378,570 348,489 323,336 313,619 355,452 299,225 364,232 378,987 279,980 347,266 325,117 364,003 293,782 370,074 352,083 330,634 322,350 390,829 390,263 381,246 386,301 405,176 410,168 Subtotal 17 41,226 49,095 42,268 27,963 34,472 29,614 44,624 27,437 39,912 42,505 30,576 30,187 29,490 33,877 38,949 35,649 28,450 41,644 38,759 27,847 31,260 32,863 32,809 30,792 31,322 41,138 SPP R Regional Assessment Area 16 2 152,030 105,476 137,972 108,649 122,649 144,337 121,250 101,849 141,882 135,182 132,661 121,995 119,575 142,032 117,448 133,635 128,563 127,416 143,060 139,146 175,163 179,596 193,135 164,638 179,888 154,150 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. SERC R • 8,15 The winter peak period is October through May of the following year. In this table, data yea • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – R 143,827 142,395 141,900 151,600 149,631 RFC Capacity margin is the amount of unused available capability of an electric power system at peak loa Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). SERC Reliability Corporation (SERC). United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. ReliabilityFirst Corporation (RFC). PJM Interconnection (PJM). Midwest Reliability Organization (MRO). Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO). Southwest Power Pool (SPP). Texas Reliability Entity (TRE). Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. Notes: R=Revised. F=Forecast. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), 17 19 20 12 13 18 15 21 14 16 14 2011–May 2012. Tables 4.1.A., 4.1.B., 4.4.A., and 4.4.B.; and EIA, Form EIA-411, "Coordinated Bulk Power Supply an correspond to the beginning of the winter peak period; for example, data year 2011 represents Octob Demand Program Report," and predecessor forms. as a percentage of capacity resources. Data are for the United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – PJM 115,535 130,711 13 – – – – R 21,432 19,335 18,850 23,033 20,162 26,080 25,200 21,955 21,866 23,645 24,536 25,390 24,526 21,113 24,251 23,429 21,815 24,134 21,360 35,351 36,029 33,191 33,748 34,677 MRO 12 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 86,728 79,052 Balance of Eastern Region MISO 11 by North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) Eastern Interconnection 1 5,069 5,118 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – MAPP U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 8,10 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 30,606 39,081 42,929 37,162 30,631 41,943 33,999 33,770 42,412 37,410 40,529 34,973 35,734 34,966 32,461 28,036 31,289 33,420 41,719 MAIN 8,9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 37,217 40,653 32,807 46,551 37,915 37,983 40,468 36,363 43,256 35,775 40,220 41,406 36,532 38,161 40,790 45,625 36,551 45,905 39,458 Noncoincident Peak Load MAAC 7,8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 84,546 83,465 73,080 86,332 84,401 75,638 75,670 85,485 68,118 91,800 87,300 67,771 84,534 71,181 64,561 72,885 81,846 86,239 67,097 ECAR 6 48,079 42,063 45,227 42,547 48,176 41,208 41,338 44,864 46,697 43,852 46,009 42,670 42,951 37,976 41,866 46,795 44,199 42,755 41,125 42,588 40,545 46,043 41,902 46,828 45,712 46,788 NPCC R 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 38,606 33,076 41,701 40,178 42,526 53,022 45,635 44,839 36,841 42,657 39,975 40,922 45,275 47,613 46,135 FRCC R F See "North American Electric Reliablility Corporation (NERC)" in Glossary. Data include the U.S. Historically, the MRO, RFC, SERC, and SPP regional boundaries were altered as utilities changed ECAR, MAAC, and MAIN dissolved at the end of 2005. Many of the former utility members joined Noncoincident peak load is the sum of two or more peak loads on individual systems that do not occur East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement (ECAR). Northeast Power Coordinating Council (NPCC). Mid-Atlantic Area Council (MAAC). Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (FRCC). Mid-America Interconnected Network (MAIN). Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). Mid-Continent Area Power Pool (MAPP). 5 3 9 6 2 7 4 8 1 able 8.12b Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Winter Peak Period, 1986-2011 11 10 FC, which came into existence on January 1, 2006. RFC submitted a consolidated filing covering the Year 998 993 istorical NERC regions of ECAR, MAAC, and MAIN. 997 007 ortion of NERC only. 011 988 006 986 000 994 t the same time interval. Peak load represents one hour of a day during the associated peak period. See 987 010 989 004 005 996 001 009 990 008 995 991 002 003 992 999 (Megawatts, Except as Noted) Balance of Eastern Region" category was introduced to provide a consistent trend of the Eastern Noncoincident Peak Load" in Glossary. eliability organizations. The historical data series for these regions have not been adjusted. Instead, the nterconnection. r 1 " 2 I 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 R 2 h a 1 " 1 2 1 p 1 2 2 1 2 T 1

286 4.2 3.6 2009 3.2 2.5 2007 2.1 1.9 2005 1.6 1.3 2003 1.6 1.6 2001 1.6 1.4 1999 1.4 Load (37%) 12,475 MW (63%) 1.6 Management 1997 20,808 MW 1.9 Energy Efficiency 2.4 1995 2.7 Total: 33,283 Megawatts (MW) 2.7 1993 2.3 1.8 1991 1.2 0.9 1989 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 1 2 4 3 5 0 Source: Table 8.13. 2 Billion Dollars² Electric Utility Costs,¹ 1989-2010 Actual Peakload Reductions, 2010 88 33 78 32 77 32 69 30 64 27 ning, performance incen- 60 26 55 24 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 50 23 54 23 sts of DSM programs fall into these major 54 25 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 tration/marketing/trai 54 23 51 26 49 27 56 25 62 30 ll costs associated with providing the various Demand-Side 57 30 52 25 45 23 36 17 25 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 16 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 20 14 15 12 1989 1989 0 0 5 60 80 20 40 Program costs consist of a 35 10 15 25 20 30 100 1 Gigawatts Billion Kilowatthours categories: customer rebates/incentives, adminis Management (DSM) programs or measures. The co tives, research and evaluation, and other (most likely indirect) costs. Actual Peakload Reductions Total, 1989-2010 266 Energy Savings, 1989-2010 Figure 8.13 Electric Utility Demand-Side Management Programs

287 , e e e d . ly w w s, 267 nt to or 4 5 1999 forward—EIA • 872,935 2,523,117 2,743,533 1,630,286 2,715,657 2,421,284 3,593,750 1,921,352 2,051,394 3,175,410 1,423,644 1,636,020 1,564,901 1,902,197 4,220,064 1,420,920 2,348,094 1,625,537 1,297,210 1,557,466 1,803,773 1,177,457 Thousand Dollars Electric Utility Costs 76,674 49,167 57,421 53,701 56,406 59,897 63,817 50,563 45,294 68,992 87,839 53,936 61,842 77,907 52,483 54,710 54,075 50,265 35,563 24,848 20,458 14,672 Energy Savings Million Kilowatthours (November 2011), Tables 9.1, 9.6, and 9.7. 1989-1998—EIA, Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Utility Report." • Program costs consist of all costs associated with providing the various DSM programs or measures Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 5 4 NA=Not available. Note: This table reports on the results of DSM programs operated by electric utilities. The decreas Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). York Energy Research and Development Authority and the "Efficiency Vermont" program of the Vermo indirect) costs. off-peak time periods, such as space heating and water heating storage systems. affected by direct action of the system operator (remote tripping) after notice to the consumer in accordanc Electric Power Annual 2010 The costs of DSM programs fall into these major categories: customer rebates/incentive since 1998 in peakload reductions from DSM programs can be attributed in part to utilities cutting back Public Service Board. Data on energy savings attributable to these non-utility programs are not collecte with contractual provisions. "Other Types" are programs that limit or shift peak loads from on-peak terminating these programs due to industry deregulation. Some State governments have created ne programs to promote DSM. Examples include the "Energy $mart Loan Fund" administered by the Ne administration/marketing/training, performance, incentives, research and evaluation, and other (most like usually involves commercial and industrial consumers. In some instances, the load reduction may b Total 31,682 25,284 24,955 26,455 23,069 33,283 29,893 31,735 25,710 30,253 22,901 25,001 27,240 29,561 27,231 22,904 22,936 17,204 23,532 12,463 13,704 15,619 1 3 9,260 9,323 9,516 9,314 NA NA NA 13,640 12,543 13,003 11,958 16,347 11,916 12,028 12,701 15,650 12,475 10,359 11,281 10,027 13,340 11,928 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Megawatts Load Management Actual Peakload Reductions 2 7,890 NA NA NA 15,351 19,707 13,591 13,420 14,272 19,766 13,027 17,710 12,873 20,808 15,959 13,452 14,243 13,212 13,327 13,581 11,662 10,368 Energy Efficiency "Energy Efficiency" refers to programs that are aimed at reducing the energy used by specific end-use The actual reduction in peak load reflects the change in demand for electricity that results from a utility "Load Management" includes programs such as "Direct Load Control," "Interruptible Load Control," 1 2 3 able 8.13 Electric Utility Demand-Side Management Programs, 1989-2010 ith contractual arrangements, can interrupt consumer load at times of seasonal peak load by direct control uch savings are generally achieved by substituting technically more advanced equipment to produce the Year emand-side management (DSM) program that is in effect at the time that the utility experiences its actual 006 eak load as opposed to the potential installed peakload reduction capacity. Differences between actual 992 nd potential peak reduction result from changes in weather, economic activity, and other variable 008 993 001 004 005 evices and systems, typically without affecting the services provided. These programs reduce overall 994 lectricity consumption, often without explicit consideration for the timing of program-induced savings. 990 010 995 007 996 igh-efficiency appliances, efficient lighting programs, high-efficiency heating, ventilating, and air 000 002 997 eat recovery systems. 003 999 989 nd, "Other Types" of DSM programs. "Direct Load Control" refers to program activities that can interrupt 998 009 f the utility system operator or by action of the consumer at the direct request of the system operator. It ower supply to individual appliances or equipment on consumer premises. This type of control usually 991 onditions. onditioning systems or control modifications, efficient building design, advanced electric motor drives, and ame level of end-use services (e.g., lighting, heating, motor drive) with less electricity. Examples include onsumer load at the time of annual peak load by direct control of the utility system operator by interrupting nvolves residential consumers. "Interruptible Load Control" refers to program activities that, in accordance p o c 1 a h 1 c h 1 i s 1 S e 1 d w 1 1 a 1 p d 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 T c

288 Net . • Energy . • 1984- U.S. city Imports and Table 8.2b. Net Generation, Total: Net Generation, Industrial T & D Losses and Unaccounted Form FPC-12C, "Industrial Electric r 2001 forward, data from the California with generating capacity exceeding 10 781R, “Monthly Electri ts. • 1979—FERC, Form FPC-4, "Monthly • 1949-September 1977—Unpublished FPC generating capacity exceeding 10 megawatts, Table 8.2d. Exports: city trade with Mexico. Table 8.9. Net Generation, Electric Power Sector: and Electricity Transactions Across International Borders Electricity Exchanges Across International Borders End Use: Imports • 1949-September 1977—Federal Power Commission (FPC), Form FPC-4, Calculated as the sum of total net generation and imports minus total end use forward. for: values to estimate electri Exports Report,” and predecessor form. Fo and exports. Independent System Operator are used in combination with the Form OE-781 forward—National Energy Board of Canada, and DOE, Office of Electricity Deliv- 1986—DOE, ERA, 1987 and 1988—DOE, ERA, Form ERA-781R, "Annual Report of International Electrical Export/Import Data." • 1989—DOE, Fossil Energy, Form FE-781R, "Annual Report of International Electrical Export/Import Data." • 1990 ery and Energy Reliability, Form OE- Table 8.2a. 1983—DOE, ERA, Mexico for Calendar Year 1981," April 1982 (revised June 1982). • 1982 and Emergency Operations, "Report on Electric Energy Exchanges with Canada and (ERA) data. • 1981—U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy data. • October 1977-1980—Unpublished Economic Regulatory Administration Information Administration (EIA) as the average generation over the 6-year period of 1974-1979. • 1989 forward—Table 8.2d. as components of electricity net imports, with energy sources unspecified (see Tables 1.3 and 2.1f). This change between AER 2001 and AER 2002 resulted in a 0.0-to-0.5 quadrillion Btu drop in total renewable energy consumption from 1949 Table 8.1 Sources: consumption data. They continue to be included in total U.S. energy consumption Generation, Commercial Sector: Power Plant Report," for plants with and EIA estimates for all other plants. • 1980-1988—Estimated by Sector: Generating Capacity," for all other plan "Monthly Power Plant Report," for plants all other plants. • October 1977-1978—Federal Energy Regulatory Commission capacity exceeding 10 megawatts, and FERC, (FERC), Form FPC-4, "Monthly Power Plant Report," for plants with generating megawatts, and FPC, Form FPC-12C, "Industrial Electric Generating Capacity," for . The U.S. (both electricity- Annual Energy Review 2002, because of inade- U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Through 1984, data for electric utili- assifies power plants ,” asks respondents to indicate the Through the itary facilities. Data for independent -fuel steam-electric-plant heat rate to 997. Plants with a NAICS code of 22 are (NAICS), which replaced the Standard universities) and military facilities that Beginning with the AER Imports and Exports. Coverage of Electricity Statistics. . ) 2001, EIA estimated the proportions of traded electricity from fossil fuels AER included in data for the electric power sector. power producers, commercial plants, and industrial plants include plants with a generator nameplate capacity of 1 megawatt or greater; they exclude plants with a tric utilities exclude institutions and mil tricity statistics in Section 8 are data for residential and commercial self- generation from solar energy, except for the small amount sold to the grid and ties also include institutions (such as Note 2. Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors generated electricity primarily for their own use; beginning in 1985, data for elec- generator nameplate capacity less than 1 megawatt. Also excluded from the elec- Energy Information Administration (EIA) cl 268 Note 1 Electricity only and combined-heat-and-power plants) into energy-use sectors based on the North Industrial Classification (SIC) system in 1 Note 3. Electricity assigned to the Electric Power Sector. Those with NAICS codes beginning with 11 (agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting); 21 (mining, including oil and gas extrac- tion); 23 (construction); 31-33 (manufacturing); 2212 (natural gas distribution); and 22131 (water supply and irrigation systems) are assigned to the Industrial Sector. Those with all other codes are assigned to the Commercial Sector. Form EIA- 860, “Annual Electric Generator Report American Industry Classification System http://www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/forms/eia860.doc. primary purpose of the facility by assigning a NAICS code from the list at: ( and hydropower (and applied the fossil convert from kilowatthours to Btu) and from geothermal (and applied the heat rate for geothermal energy plants). power and geothermal energy are no longer included in renewable energy quate data, EIA is applying an overall rate of 3,412 Btu per kilowatthour to all traded electricity. In addition, electricity net imports derived from hydroelectric

289 9. Nuclear Energy

290 2010 2005 2000 1995 1990 1985 1980 1975 1970 1965 1960 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 4 8 1955 -4 -4 1 2 12 4 0 3 0 Note: Data are at end of year. Sources: Tables 9.1 and 8.11a. Million Kilowatts Number Permanent Shutdowns by Year, 1955-2011 Nuclear Net Summer Capacity Change, 1950-2011 2010 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 28 equivalent permission to operate, at the end 1990 Shutdowns Permanent 1980 104 Units¹ Total Units Ordered: 259 Operable 1970 1957-2011 1 1960 0 60 90 30 Units holding full-power operating licenses, or 1 120 Number of Units of the year. Operable Units, 270 Figure 9.1 Nuclear Generating Units Status of All Nuclear Generating Units, 2011

291 271 e at at er 7 3 9 3 0 0 2 1 1 14 13 87 81 57 71 42 22 70 63 96 75 13 17 78 67 15 55 69 – – 104 109 112 109 111 104 107 104 109 111 109 110 101 109 Operable Units 0 227 0 0 1 113 1 3 3 111 120 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 R R R R R R R R R R 0 28 Permanent Shutdowns 3 0 1 0 0 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Issued Licenses Combined 6 12 18 0 R R – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Combined Received License Applications Number of applications received for combined construction and operating licenses, including one th Total of nuclear generating units holding full-power licenses, or equivalent permission to operate, 6 7 – – =Not applicable. Sources: See end of section. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/nuclear/. Note: See Note 2, "Coverage of Nuclear Energy Statistics," at end of section. undergo low-power testing prior to commercial operation. licenses minus the cumulative number of permanent shutdowns). the end of the year (the number of operable units equals the cumulative number of units holding full-pow applications. See Note 1, "Pending Actions on Nuclear Generating Units," at end of Section. was subsequently withdrawn. Does not represent the total number of reactor units included in th 3 0 Current Licensing Regulations (10 CFR Part 52) 0 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 Permits Issued Early Site 3,5 0 7 2 2 3 0 2 0 0 0 4 0 2 6 1 1 8 2 0 2 4 0 0 3 5 3 6 9 4 4 1 0 6 0 1 0 1 3 2 4 4 15 15 1 0 132 Issued Full-Power U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Operating Licenses 3,4 3 6 0 0 5 6 0 7 0 3 0 1 1 3 7 4 0 7 1 0 1 2 1 4 0 4 0 7 3 1 3 5 1 3 0 3 7 6 0 0 1 14 12 0 132 Issued Low-Power Operating Licenses 2,3 4 0 0 2 5 0 0 0 0 0 9 7 0 1 7 1 0 0 3 8 0 1 0 0 3 3 0 1 1 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 Original Licensing Regulations (10 CFR Part 50) 14 15 13 10 14 23 23 0 177 Permits Issued Construction Issuance by regulatory authority of a permit, or equivalent permission, to begin construction. Under Issuance by regulatory authority of license, or equivalent permission, to conduct testing but not to Data in columns 1–3 are based on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulation 10 CFR Issuance by regulatory authority of full-power operating license, or equivalent permission (note that Numbers reflect permits or licenses issued in a given year, not extant permits or licenses. Year 1 3 2 4 5 able 9.1 Nuclear Generating Units, 1955-2011 art 50. Data in columns 4–6 are based on the NRC regulation 10 CFR Part 52. See Note 1, "Pending ctions on Nuclear Generating Units," at end of section. otal 958 986 966 992 969 perate at full power. 995 963 965 976 964 968 957 979 959 983 996 962 973 971 993 988 967 991 956 961 972 9970000002107 982 998000000 977 975 989 970 999-2006 981 990 984 978 994 955 960 0110000000104 0100000000104 0070003500104 0090001100104 008 980 974 987 985 urrent licensing regulations, the construction permit is no longer issued separately from the operating ome units receive full-power licenses the same year they receive low-power licenses). Units initially icense. c 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 T 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 P 1 A 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 o 1 1 1 s 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1

292 2010 2010 2005 2000 2000 1990 1995 1990 1980 1985 1970 1980 1975 1960 0 0 5 20 40 60 80 15 20 25 10 100 Percent Percent Nuclear Share of Total Electricity Net Generation, 1957-2011 Capacity Factor, 1973-2011 2010 2010 Total Nuclear 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 0 30 60 90 1 2 5 3 4 Sources: Tables 8.1 and 9.2. 0 120 Trillion Kilowatthours Million Kilowatts 272 Total Electricity and Nuclear Electricity Net Generation, 1957-2011 Net Summer Capacity of Operable Units, 1957-2011 Figure 9.2 Nuclear Power Plant Operations

293 273 : y re U.S. Energ 2 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 58.0 66.0 70.2 56.9 57.4 70.9 70.5 56.3 56.3 63.3 73.8 77.4 58.2 54.4 63.5 56.6 47.8 71.1 62.2 78.2 64.5 54.7 90.1 85.3 53.5 87.9 90.3 58.4 55.9 89.4 88.1 91.1 89.6 76.2 91.8 89.3 90.3 89.1 91.1 R Percent Capacity Factor: Capacity Factor Table 8.11a. Nuclear Share of Electricity Net Generation (April 2012), Table 8.1. Annual capacity factors a and 1 .8 .8 .4 .4 .8 .7 .1 .1 1.7 2.7 2.7 9.0 4.4 7.0 0.1 43.8 31.9 22.7 37.3 14.5 99.7 99.6 98.2 99.6 46.3 97.9 51.8 98.2 56.0 94.7 99.5 99.2 99.1 93.6 50.8 85.2 98.7 97.1 99.0 79.4 60.0 69.7 99.0 49.7 99.6 63.0 97.4 Monthly Energy Review 100.3 100.3 100.8 101.0 100.8 100.0 101.4 101.2 R Million Kilowatts See http://www.eia.gov/nuclear/ for related information. Nuclear Electricity Net Generation • Net Summer Capacity of Operable Units: Net Summer Capacity of Operable Units Sources: Table 8.2a. Information Administration, weighted averages of monthly capacity factors. annual data. .1 .3 .3 .9 .6 .2 .3 .5 .3 4.5 6.1 2.4 9.4 3.1 9.0 1.0 1.4 (s) (s) (s) 20.1 19.7 12.5 12.7 19.6 19.4 13.5 19.8 18.0 18.6 11.0 15.5 19.4 19.3 16.6 11.3 19.1 19.6 11.8 17.7 19.9 19.7 19.5 11.9 19.6 20.1 20.2 17.8 20.2 20.6 19.0 12.6 19.7 19.9 19.2 Percent U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Nuclear Share of Total Electricity Net Generation .2 .5 .2 3.7 3.3 1.7 5.5 3.2 7.7 2.3 13.9 12.5 54.1 21.8 38.1 83.5 (s) 787.2 768.8 576.9 272.7 782.0 414.0 293.7 251.1 612.6 250.9 806.2 753.9 807.0 728.3 618.8 455.3 806.4 327.6 788.5 276.4 610.3 763.7 527.0 673.7 798.9 628.6 640.4 282.8 172.5 255.2 383.7 529.4 673.4 114.0 191.1 780.1 674.7 790.2 Billion Kilowatthours See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#nuclear for updated monthly and • Nuclear Electricity Net Generation P See "Generator Capacity Factor" in Glossary. At end of year. See "Generator Net Summer Capacity" in Glossary. 1 2 Web Pages: Note: See Note 2, "Coverage of Nuclear Energy Statistics," at end of section. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.05. able 9.2 Nuclear Power Plant Operations, 1957-2011 Year 985 958 979 999 992 959 966 976 996 000 968 970 991 994 977 001 990 967 965 995 957 002 998 971 989 978 980 003 988 969 964 993 011 004 960 972 987 981 975 005 986 010 963 961 982 006 009 973 983 974 008 007 984 962 997 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1

294 2010 17 2005 Export Sales 2000 54 1995 Domestic Purchases Purchased Imports Purchased Imports 1990 4 Domestic 1985 Concentrate Production 0 0 20 60 40 Source: Table 9.3. 50 10 20 60 30 40 Million Pounds Uranium Oxide Dollars¹ per Pound Uranium Oxide Production and Trade, 2011 Average Prices, 1981-2011 2010 2010 Total Plants Electric Export Sales 2000 2005 Purchased Imports Domestic Suppliers U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 2000 1980 1995 1970 Domestic Concentrate Production 1990 1960 1985 1950 0 0 50 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 25 75 50 100 200 150 Note: See “Uranium Oxide” in Glossary. 1 Million Pounds Uranium Oxide Million Pounds Uranium Oxide Production and Trade, 1949-2011 274 Inventories, End of Year 1981-2011 Figure 9.3 Uranium Overview

295 275 y e n g 2; r. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 10.84 13.98 38.21 38.37 34.65 11.91 11.11 13.81 53.41 44.88 10.35 32.65 18.54 30.01 13.66 12.87 19.56 11.88 27.37 13.14 15.70 31.43 10.30 44.53 13.45 26.15 43.43 33.13 12.31 10.45 11.45 Statistical Data of th Domestic Purchases Average Price per Pound Uranium Oxide 4 8.95 9.84 9.51 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA – – 10.59 26.16 32.90 10.20 27.23 14.83 12.25 13.15 54.00 47.01 21.86 19.14 41.23 11.34 41.30 11.19 16.75 12.55 10.05 34.18 10.55 11.81 19.31 20.08 20.07 15.55 19.03 10.53 2003-2006—EIA, "Uranium Marketin • Dollars 1967-2002—U.S. Energy Informatio • Purchased Imports annual reports. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 85.5 72.5 80.0 86.9 93.8 95.2 Total 159.2 174.8 191.8 113.6 111.3 144.8 110.0 111.3 111.5 105.7 138.1 106.2 102.1 136.5 129.1 103.8 163.2 117.3 118.7 176.9 171.1 106.6 112.4 127.1 185.2 P R 2007 forward—EIA, "2011 Domestic Uranium Production Report" (Ma • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 45.6 89.5 86.5 65.9 55.6 81.2 64.7 84.8 66.1 77.5 81.2 92.1 53.5 65.8 57.7 83.0 65.4 54.8 98.0 58.3 58.7 125.5 153.2 137.8 115.8 160.2 102.7 144.1 P Uranium Industry Annual, Report No. GJO-100, annual reports. Electric Plants Inventories For all data beginning in 1949, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#nuclea • 1949-1966—U.S. Department of Energy, Grand Junction Office, • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 39.9 24.7 24.1 25.2 26.8 23.7 31.2 26.4 22.2 29.1 25.0 48.7 37.5 20.7 13.9 19.3 21.5 27.0 40.4 29.1 25.4 13.7 27.0 56.5 24.5 48.1 68.8 70.7 Sources: Web Pages: Note: See "Uranium Oxide" in Glossary. P R For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/nuclear/. Annual Report," annual reports. 2012), Table 3; EIA, "2011 Uranium Marketing Annual Report" (May 2012), Tables 5, 18, 19, 21, and 2 • and EIA, Form EIA-858, "Uranium Marketing Annual Survey." Uranium Industry, Administration (EIA), Domestic Suppliers 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 62.3 52.0 51.3 58.3 51.1 51.5 38.2 52.7 40.4 43.0 49.4 50.1 51.7 44.3 57.2 46.2 48.2 45.1 45.5 34.6 58.8 P Reactors Loaded Into U.S. Nuclear Million Pounds Uranium Oxide NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 21.7 27.5 19.4 15.5 26.8 18.9 27.1 19.8 27.3 20.4 24.3 21.4 20.5 22.7 21.6 22.7 20.8 18.4 23.4 32.6 17.6 17.6 22.5 23.7 21.7 16.2 24.2 22.3 28.2 18.5 27.9 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Electric Plant Purchases From Domestic Suppliers 2 .0 .0 .0 .0 9.8 3.5 0.0 1.0 1.2 4.0 6.8 6.2 5.8 4.4 6.2 3.3 3.0 2.2 5.3 1.6 1.0 2.8 3.3 2.1 2.0 8.5 4.2 13.2 13.2 17.0 15.4 20.5 11.5 18.7 15.1 16.7 17.7 14.8 23.5 23.1 11.7 13.6 17.2 Sales Export 2 .0 1.4 3.0 7.6 8.0 3.6 5.6 6.6 5.5 4.3 8.2 3.6 5.2 53.0 54.1 13.1 46.7 16.3 55.3 43.7 15.1 44.9 23.7 36.6 64.8 41.3 54.4 45.4 52.7 23.3 13.5 65.5 17.1 43.0 15.8 11.7 58.9 36.0 66.1 12.5 21.0 47.6 57.1 Imports Purchased 1 .92 2.00 2.64 2.28 4.23 3.35 3.06 3.71 5.56 3.96 4.61 2.69 3.90 2.34 4.71 8.89 5.64 7.95 3.99 4.11 5.65 0.36 6.04 6.32 4.53 12.99 35.28 37.47 38.47 26.87 36.97 13.51 20.88 29.88 14.88 25.81 21.16 13.13 23.20 11.31 25.49 43.70 13.84 5,E Domestic Concentrate Production Import quantities through 1970 are reported for fiscal years. Prior to 1968, the Atomic Energy Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Does not include any fuel rods removed from reactors and later reloaded. Value has been rounded to avoid disclosure of individual company data. See "Uranium Concentrate" in Glossary. 4 5 3 1 2 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. able 9.3 Uranium Overview, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ommission was the sole purchaser of all imported uranium oxide. Trade data prior to 1982 were for Year 992 977 997 987 009 004 980 982 996 989 986 976 007 985 002 949 010 005 000 981 979 975 003 991 006 983 970 950 990 008 011 993 001 998 984 978 965 955 999 994 988 960 995 consumers) have been included. Buyer imports and exports prior to 1982 are believed to be small. ransactions conducted by uranium suppliers only. For 1982 forward, transactions by uranium buyers 2 2 1 1 C 1 t 1 ( 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 T 2

296 to All Other , Historical Information Digest Commercial Nuclear , annual reports. ONUS (Boiling Nuclear 1973 Annual Report Breeder Reactor 2, Hallam, (1988); EIA, ed as operable until its retirement in shut down under a regulatory forced The definition is liberal in that it does ; Nuclear Energy Institute its were ordered, owned, and operated ble in Table 9.1 if it possesses a full- • 1955-1982–Compiled from various statistical discrepancy in the tallies. A Information Digest ral years, it is considered permanently Nuclear Reactors Built, Being Built, and Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Reactor Report," and predecessor forms. overnment, including B Status Report"; and various utility, Federal, and Elk River, Experimental ear Power Development ; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), (September 1991); DOE, officials. • 1998 forward–NRC, pressurizer heater sleeves but is counted as operable during those years. and 3 and Sequoyah 1 and 2) were In 1985, the five Tennessee Valley Authority units (Browns Ferry 1, 2, Calvert Cliffs 2 was shut down in 1989 and 1990 for replacement of Shippingport was shut down from 1974 through 1976 for conversion to a lightwater breeder reactor, but is count All five units were counted as operable during the shutdowns. 1982. while the other units restarted in 1991, 1995, 1988, and 1988, respectively. outage. Browns Ferry 1 was authorized by the NRC to restart in 2007, • 1955-1997–U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, • • • Exceptions to the rule are Shoreham and Three Mile Island 2. Shoreham was The data in Table 9.1 apply to commercial nuclear power units, meaning that A reactor is generally defined as opera shut down since that year. sources, primarily U.S. Department of Table 9.1 Sources: Operable Units: major accident closed Three Mile Island 2 in 1979, and although the unit retained its full-power license for seve Programs, "U.S. Central Station Nuclear Electric Generating Units: Significant Milestones." • 1983 forward–U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-860, "Annual Electric Generator down in the same year would introduce a Although not operable at the end of the year, Shoreham is treated as operable Data: granted a full-power license in April 1989, but was shut down two months later during 1989 and shut down in 1990, because counting it as operable and shut and never restarted. In 1991, the license was changed to Possession Only. Congress, Volume 2, Regulatory Activities Profile of U.S. Nucl Power 1991 Planned: 1995 (1997 and 1998) and "Plant contractor wholly or in part by the Federal G have been ordered over the lifetime of the nuclear industry. Although most orders were placed by electric utilities, several un the units contributed power to the commercial electricity grid. A total of 259 units Superheater Power Station), power license, or an equivalent, from the NRC or its predecessor, the Atomic Energy Commission, at the end of the year. Hanford N, Piqua, and Shippingport. For example: not exclude units retaining full-power licenses during long, non-routine shutdowns. Much of Table 9.1 is U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 In 1997, the U.S. Energy Infor- for license extensions were under ennsylvania); Bellefonte Units 3 and 4 . In addition to the COL applications currently under construction. Watts Bar those used previously for Table 9.1 and Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station and procedural reforms initiated in 1989 ounty Units 1 and 2 (Florida); Nine Mile III Units 1 and 2 (South Carolina). At the was necessary to develop a reactor unit industry conditions and trends. To acquire ought on line in 2013. This is the only reac- generating units. The following 14 COL As of December 31, 2011, the NRC had received 18 Combined License (COL) The NRC did not issue any Early Site Permits (ESP) during 2011. Two ESP As of December 31, 2011, 11 applications For more information on nuclear reactors, see http://www.nrc.gov/reactors.html. 50, which has in most instances been supplanted by 10 CFR Part 52 following the moved to ‘deferred plan’ status as the Agency considers completing one or both. has also requested that Bellefonte Units 1 and 2, two partially completed units, be passage of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 applications are currently under review; one to Victoria County Station and the Administration projects that it will be br Unit 2 was issued a construction permit in 1973, and the U.S. Energy Information other to PSEG Site. currently under review, Watts Bar Unit 2 is based on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulation 10 CFR Part an ESP with the reactor choice unspecified in 2010 following the announcement that the applicant intends to apply instead for 3 (Louisiana). The Victoria County Units 1 and 2 COL application was withdrawn Callaway Unit 2 (Missouri), Grand Gulf Unit 3 (Mississippi), and River Bend Unit request of the applicants, review has been suspended for three COL applications: by the NRC. (This statement applies to permit and license procedures only.) and 4 (Georgia); and William States Lee and 7 (Florida); Virgil C. Summer Units 2 and 3 (South Carolina); Vogtle Units 3 and 3 (North Carolina); South Texas Units 3 and 4 (Texas); Turkey Point Units 6 Point Unit 3 (New York); North Anna Unit 3 (Virginia); Shearon Harris Units 2 applications representing 28 nuclear (Texas); Fermi Unit 3 (Michigan); Levy C (Alabama); Calvert Cliffs Unit 3 (Maryland); Comanche Peak Units 3 and 4 applications are under review: Bell Bend (P tor that is anticipated to apply for the license separate of construction permit. TVA 276 Note 1. Pending Actions on Nuclear Generating Units. Nuclear Energy still used for Table 9.2. Kewaunee Power Station on February 24, on March 21, Palo Verde Units 1, 2, and 3 on April 21, Prairie Island Units 1 and 2 on June 27, Salem Units 1 and 2 on June 30, and Hope Creek on July 20. Note 2. Coverage of Nuclear Energy Statistics. review by the NRC. The NRC granted 20-year license extensions in 2011 to: describe the history of the U.S. commercial nuclear power industry. The time frame was extended back to the birth of the industry in 1953 and the data categories were revised for greater relevance to current the data for the revised categories, it database employing different sources than mation Administration undertook a major revision of Table 9.1 to more fully

297 10. Renewable Energy

298 2010 Wind 2 3 0.2 Solar/PV Wood Power Biofuels Hydroelectric 2000 0.2 Geo- 4 thermal Other 0.5 1990 Waste¹ 1.2 Wind 1980 1.9 Biofuels² 1970 2.0 3 1960 3.2 Power Hydroelectric Wood 1 2 4 3 0 1950 1 2 4 3 0 0 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu Conventional hydroelectric power. Geothermal, solar/PV, and waste. Sources: Tables 1.3 and 10.1. Notes: Sum of components may not equal 100 percent due to independent rounding. 4 3 Renewable Energy Consumption by Source, 2011 35% Power³ Wood 22% Wind 13% Waste¹ 5% – Solar/PV 2% – Geothermal 2% – Biofuels² 21% – – – Hydroelectric – U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Energy Renewable 9% 20% Coal 37% 36% Petroleum Petroleum 8% Power 26% Nuclear Electric Natural Gas Fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel consumption, plus losses and co-products Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byprod- 2 1 from the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. ucts, and other biomass. Renewable Energy as Share of Total Primary Energy Consumption, 2011 Renewable Energy Consumption by Source, 1949-2011 278 ` Figure 10.1 Renewable Energy Consumption by Major Source

299 279 d d e in ty s. al to d, e, Total 3,396 2,974 2,978 2,784 2,928 5,428 5,123 4,727 4,209 4,070 4,687 5,005 6,084 6,438 6,496 5,980 5,163 7,014 5,457 7,016 6,560 6,111 6,069 5,622 6,083 5,821 6,493 5,988 6,516 6,235 6,041 5,729 5,983 6,082 9,135 5,414 6,106 6,242 7,600 8,090 7,186 6,523 6,649 Energy See Not R R R R R • Renewable Total 1,562 1,320 1,549 1,335 1,424 2,152 2,038 1,713 2,476 1,431 1,499 1,838 2,663 2,904 2,971 3,016 2,908 2,875 3,101 2,963 2,932 2,927 3,028 3,157 3,159 3,105 2,622 2,735 3,016 2,782 2,932 2,701 3,010 2,807 4,411 2,596 3,008 3,117 3,267 3,474 3,912 4,294 3,849 See Table E1 for estimate R R R R R R • 11 Tables 10.2a–10.2c. 93 63 77 34 13 145 143 184 169 253 200 201 124 123 209 125 107 188 128 111 499 404 303 236 771 577 991 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,947 1,372 1,837 1,568 R R Biofuels See Tables 8.2a–8.2d and 8.3a–8.3c for electrici • Totals may not equal sum of components due • Biomass 10 All Other Data: 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 88 208 236 157 119 289 263 315 551 531 354 364 542 408 479 515 473 440 540 577 389 401 402 477 511 397 436 413 403 469 453 NA NA NA NA NA R R Waste 9 2,684 2,686 2,687 1,837 1,335 1,562 1,429 1,549 1,320 2,150 2,496 2,474 2,510 1,711 2,036 1,497 1,424 2,463 2,562 2,577 2,214 2,006 2,437 2,370 2,313 2,680 2,260 2,184 2,324 2,216 2,371 2,214 2,002 2,121 1,995 1,987 2,262 2,137 2,099 2,040 2,070 1,891 1,988 Tables 10.3 and 10.4. Wood R R R R R R Consumption See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#renewable for all annual data beginning • Biofuels: 8 Most data for the residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation sectors are estimate • 31 70 33 29 46 31 36 22 34 31 33 30 57 105 178 142 115 264 721 341 546 923 See http://www.eia.gov/renewable/ for related information. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) R • 1,168 Wind Fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel consumption, plus losses and co-products from th Web Pages: Sources: Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. 11 1949. net generation and useful thermal output from renewable energy sources; Tables 8.4a–8.4c, 8.5a–8.5 independent rounding. 8.6a–8.6c, and 8.7a–8.7c for renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and useful therm output; and Tables 8.11a–8.11d for renewable energy electric net summer capacity. annual data. "Renewable Energy Production and Consumption," at end of section. production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. renewable energy consumption for 1635–1945. See notes and sources for Tables 10.2a and 10.2b. 7 63 63 68 64 59 66 62 55 63 68 69 69 64 70 62 70 68 76 98 89 66 R 158 126 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) R Solar/PV 6 6 2 40 97 31 51 59 81 53 64 34 37 38 168 167 181 108 173 171 178 112 152 186 164 179 106 178 164 175 163 162 171 171 226 192 181 200 186 208 NA NA NA (s) R Geo- thermal 5 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3,071 2,334 2,825 3,590 3,640 2,837 2,758 3,297 2,689 2,970 3,205 3,386 3,266 3,046 2,703 2,690 3,268 2,683 2,635 3,527 2,892 3,016 2,242 2,811 2,617 2,634 1,415 2,900 2,976 2,931 2,937 1,425 2,059 1,608 1,360 2,333 3,155 3,171 2,869 2,669 2,511 2,446 2,539 Hydro- electric R Power 4 Total 6,069 6,104 7,018 6,070 6,111 7,012 6,041 5,988 6,229 5,821 5,734 6,438 5,980 6,084 5,414 6,494 6,235 6,083 6,558 5,622 5,164 5,982 6,517 5,457 6,496 4,687 2,974 5,005 4,209 4,727 5,428 5,123 4,070 2,784 3,396 2,928 2,978 9,236 6,509 7,616 7,202 6,599 8,136 R R R R R Energy Renewable 1 3 3,108 2,805 2,875 2,705 2,932 3,006 2,735 2,782 2,904 2,965 3,016 3,104 2,929 2,908 2,932 2,971 3,155 2,663 3,159 3,099 3,016 2,998 2,624 3,028 2,596 1,499 1,549 1,562 1,424 1,320 1,335 1,431 1,713 1,838 2,038 2,152 2,476 4,511 3,461 3,216 4,341 3,928 3,864 Total R R R R R Production 2 Biomass 77 93 13 34 63 107 169 720 198 233 202 125 564 124 254 186 978 145 128 111 308 123 487 211 141 402 188 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,387 1,884 2,047 1,584 R R Biofuels P Geothermal electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6), Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Wood and wood-derived fuels, biomass waste, and total biomass inputs to the production of fuel Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Total biomass inputs to the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). Hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar thermal/photovoltaic, wind, and biomass. Production equals consumption for all renewable energy sources except biofuels. 9 4 6 5 1 7 2 8 3 able 10.1 Renewable Energy Production and Consumption by Primary Energy Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 10 able A6). Year 002 005 011 985 993 975 nd geothermal heat pump and direct use energy. 006 976 eat rate—see Table A6), and solar thermal direct use energy. 992 977 001 010 970 986 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 965 994 991 978 960 thanol and biodiesel. 999 979 990 955 009 980 950 995 984 003 981 949 989 008 988 996 982 998 004 997 987 007 983 000 (Trillion Btu) 2 o 2 n 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 e 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 1 1 1 2 a 1 1 2 1 h 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 T 2

300 7 4 5 2010 2010 Waste Biomass Wood² Geothermal 2008 2008 2006 2006 2004 2004 2002 2002 2000 motor fuels (such as E10 and E85), and biodie- landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byprod- 2000 includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid 1998 1998 1996 1996 1994 1994 1992 1992 1990 1990 0 200 600 800 400 0 Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, The fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) portion of From the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Sources: Tables 10.2a and 10.2b. Note: See related Figures 10.2b and 10.2c. 6 5 7 90 60 30 1,200 1,000 1,400 Transportation Sector Trillion Btu Trillion Btu ucts, and other biomass. Through 2000, also waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). sel. See “Biodiesel” in Glossary. Commercial¹ Sector, Major Sources 4 5 6 Wood² Wood² Waste Losses and Co-products U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Solar/PV³ and Geothermal ic (PV) electricity net generation. Includes PV energy used in the commercial, industrial, Renewable Energy Consumption: End-Use Sectors, 1989-2011 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Wood and wood-derived fuels. Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy. Solar thermal direct use energy, and photovolta Includes fuel used at combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants and a small number of electricity- 0.2 1.0 0.0 1.5 1.0 0.8 2.0 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.6 3 4 2 1 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu only plants. small amounts of distributed solar thermal and and electric power sectors. 280 Industrial¹ Sector, Major Sources Residential Sector Figure 10.2a

301 281 2010 Industrial¹ Commercial¹ Transportation Residential 2000 46% 54% Sector Sectors End-Use Electric Power 1990 Sources: Tables 10.2a-10.2c. Note: See related Figures 10.2a and 10.2c. Shares of Total Renewable Energy Consumption, 2011 End-Use Sectors and Electric Power Sector 1980 4.9 Power Sector Electric 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1.2 Transportation 2.3 Industrial¹ 1960 End-Use Sectors 0.1 Renewable Energy Consumption: End-Use Sectors and Electric Power Sector Commercial¹ 0.6 Residential 1950 1 2 4 5 6 3 0 Includes fuel use at combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants and a small number of 0.0 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 0.5 1 Quadrillion Btu Quadrillion Btu electricity-only plants. End-Use Sectors and Electric Power Sector, 2011 End-Use Sectors, 1949-2011 Figure 10.2b

302 y d d in al le m nt 8 8 9 9 14 15 12 20 98 19 21 10 12 30 33 21 22 27 22 24 22 118 120 130 118 125 118 113 128 109 101 135 138 100 127 114 129 118 112 104 102 129 131 R R R Total 9 9 8 8 92 95 94 20 12 19 14 10 21 12 15 95 99 30 33 24 22 22 22 21 27 103 111 103 109 105 105 101 105 119 129 109 118 131 106 121 113 112 110 R R R Total 9 3 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Fuel Ethanol Biomass 8 36 31 36 34 34 29 34 32 47 25 35 26 58 28 54 22 33 54 53 40 36 26 36 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Waste 1 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independe • 4 8 9 9 8 70 72 65 73 70 71 70 71 72 72 67 73 64 76 76 76 72 66 68 67 69 72 21 12 22 27 14 19 32 29 22 20 12 15 21 24 10 22 71 R R Wood Commercial Sector 7 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#renewable for all annual data beginning – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) Wind Data are estimates, except for commercial sector solar/PV, hydroelectric power, wind, an • See Tables 8.2a–8.2d and 8.3a–8.3c for electricity net generation and useful thermal output fro See http://www.eia.gov/renewable/ for related information. • • The fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) portion of motor fuels, such as E10, consumed by the commerci 6 9 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Sources: See end of section. Notes: Web Pages: rounding. waste. 1949. sector. consumption for electricity generation and useful thermal output; and Tables 8.11a–8.11d for renewab energy electric net summer capacity. annual data. renewable energy sources; Tables 8.4a–8.4c, 8.5a–8.5d, 8.6a–8.6c, and 8.7a–8.7c for renewable energ non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) Solar/PV 2 8 3 6 5 5 7 3 3 7 4 3 8 3 9 15 19 14 14 11 14 17 12 20 Geo- NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA thermal 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) Hydro- electric Power U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 502 557 571 462 481 504 448 470 552 706 489 502 461 591 612 438 589 641 618 673 977 452 728 627 980 468 850 775 970 920 970 910 622 542 870 850 425 401 482 610 R R R R Total 1,010 1,055 1,006 4 410 380 380 400 450 410 430 430 420 640 420 390 430 610 520 540 580 520 550 370 380 920 850 468 920 910 542 970 622 850 425 627 870 775 728 401 980 482 970 430 R R 1,006 1,010 1,055 Wood Biomass 3 57 63 58 89 57 57 70 80 61 60 57 65 61 56 52 64 63 63 59 64 64 R R 114 140 Residential Sector R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Solar/PV 2 6 8 8 9 9 6 7 7 6 9 6 5 7 18 37 14 10 26 16 13 33 22 40 Geo- NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA thermal P Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Commercial sector, including commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial Solar thermal direct use energy, and photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Wood and wood-derived fuels. Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy. 4 6 1 8 3 7 2 5 able 10.2a Renewable Energy Consumption: Residential and Commercial Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 ection 8. able A6). able A6) at commercial plants with capacity of 1 megawatt or greater. Year 011 993 965 950 999 000 997 991 005 980 979 994 007 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 955 989 978 992 987 981 990 002 995 986 975 998 949 996 010 984 982 003 983 004 001 006 lectricity-only plants. See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of 960 970 008 985 988 977 sing the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). Includes distributed solar thermal and PV energy used in 009 976 (Trillion Btu) he commercial, industrial, and electric power sectors. t 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 1 1 T 2 1 1 1 2 o 1 1 T 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 e S 1 1 2 1 2 u 2 282

303 283 e d e d d d 9 in of 7 50 94 81 68 67 66 41 70 57 34 80 18 60 105 118 135 112 113 102 142 290 230 339 170 475 826 602 935 R 1,154 1,074 Total R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2 1 2 3 12 33 46 40 42 34 R R 112 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Biomass Biodiesel Totals may not equal sum • Transportation Sector 10 7 41 57 60 80 94 66 34 18 67 68 70 50 81 168 141 135 327 118 102 286 105 228 112 113 442 786 894 557 1,042 1,040 Fuel R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Ethanol 888 602 669 544 719 1,720 1,871 1,928 1,947 1,908 1,992 1,717 2,022 1,951 1,728 1,773 1,853 1,927 1,929 1,684 2,033 1,683 1,934 1,873 1,726 1,948 1,737 2,057 1,951 1,719 1,053 1,253 1,432 1,096 1,439 1,930 1,314 1,633 2,295 2,250 2,049 2,016 1,956 Total R R R R 532 855 680 631 468 See Tables 8.2a–8.2d and 8.3a–8.3c for electricity net generation an 1,841 1,934 1,679 1,872 1,915 1,652 1,676 1,741 1,969 1,695 1,989 1,914 1,837 1,684 1,918 1,882 1,874 1,862 1,996 1,681 1,817 1,881 1,650 1,918 1,705 1,897 1,220 1,405 1,600 1,400 1,019 1,281 1,063 2,273 1,994 2,230 1,936 2,028 Total • R R R R 9 6 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable for updated monthly an 56 56 16 80 86 82 55 90 64 49 86 29 55 61 99 35 42 48 74 • 169 203 230 130 108 285 772 532 377 617 742 R See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#renewable for all annual data beginning • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Data are estimates, except for industrial sector hydroelectric power in 1949–1978 and 198 Losses and • Co-products See http://www.eia.gov/renewable/ for related information. • The fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) portion of motor fuels, such as E10 and E85, consumed by th 8 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Sources: See end of section. Web Pages: 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 7 1 4 6 1 2 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 10 10 17 10 12 13 17 R gas, electricity, and other non-biomass energy used in the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel—thes useful thermal output from renewable energy sources; Tables 8.4a–8.4c, 8.5a–8.5d, 8.6a–8.6c, an transportation sector. Tables 8.11a–8.11d for renewable energy electric net summer capacity. 1949. annual data. are included in the industrial sector consumption statistics for the appropriate energy source. 8.7a–8.7c for renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and useful thermal output; an forward, solar/PV, and wind. components due to independent rounding. Fuel (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Biomass Ethanol 7 1 87 142 148 184 185 146 308 224 199 230 192 180 129 200 195 256 118 282 130 179 132 181 145 171 204 155 172 144 144 155 169 R R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Waste 6 855 532 680 468 631 Industrial Sector 1,652 1,476 1,461 1,610 1,576 1,405 1,620 1,731 1,443 1,600 1,636 1,063 1,442 1,281 1,580 1,452 1,396 1,484 1,400 1,645 1,602 1,019 1,516 1,584 1,603 1,683 1,625 1,679 1,690 1,363 1,220 1,410 1,472 1,311 1,405 1,340 1,208 1,301 R R R R Wood U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Wind 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Solar/PV 3 4 3 3 2 5 2 5 4 2 2 5 3 4 4 3 4 3 5 3 4 4 2 4 Geo- NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA thermal 2 30 32 39 33 43 33 16 42 33 55 38 32 49 39 33 61 33 32 31 33 62 33 33 34 17 58 31 33 33 29 30 55 69 33 76 28 33 33 16 34 18 33 18 Hydro- electric Power P Photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Industrial sector, including industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only Losses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. Does not include natural Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and The fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) portion of motor fuels, such as E10, consumed by the industrial Wood and wood-derived fuels. Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy. 5 1 6 7 2 8 4 9 3 able 10.2b Renewable Energy Consumption: Industrial and Transportation Sectors, Selected Years, 1949-2011 able A6). able A6) at industrial plants with capacity of 1 megawatt or greater. Year 000 976 993 986 005 955 001 975 992 987 004 960 980 970 981 988 008 011 009 979 978 989 003 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 990 965 997 002 982 998 991 983 007 977 996 999 949 010 995 984 006 994 950 985 lants. See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of Section 8. ector. (Trillion Btu) p 1 2 1 o 1 n 2 1 2 s T 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 T 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 T 1

304 6 2010 18 Solar/PV 4 2005 163 Geothermal 2000 5 175 Wood 1995 1 269 Waste³ 1990 Electric Power Sector Total 1,168 Hydroelectric Power Wind² 1985 0 400 200 800 600 1,000 1,200 1,400 Wood and wood-derived fuels. Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation. Geothermal electricity net generation. Trillion Btu Source: Table 10.2c. Note: See related Figures 10.2a and 10.2b on the end-use sectors. 6 5 4 1980 Non-Hydroelectric Power Sources, 2011 6 1975 Wind² Waste³ Solar/PV 1970 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1965 landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byprod- 4 includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid 5 Wood 1960 Geothermal 1955 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 0 1950 200 400 600 800 Conventional hydroelectricity net generation. Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, Wind electricity net generation. 1,000 1,200 1,400 1 3 2 1 2 5 3 4 0 Trillion Btu Quadrillion Btu waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). ucts, and other biomass. Through 2000, also Electric Power Sector Total and Hydroelectric Power, 1949-2011 284 Non-Hydroelectric Power Sources, 1989-2011 Figure 10.2c Renewable Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector

305 285 ) d in le ut to of or Total 3,406 3,340 3,445 3,665 3,345 3,630 3,967 3,288 3,872 3,484 3,874 3,747 3,427 2,763 3,189 4,153 3,524 3,255 4,216 3,542 2,729 3,049 3,158 2,425 3,443 4,945 3,217 2,925 2,940 2,942 2,788 3,286 2,343 2,983 2,609 3,562 1,325 1,351 1,355 1,571 3,158 2,031 4,064 R 9 4 3 3 5 4 5 5 3 4 5 6 3 2 3 2 14 12 17 15 412 441 435 406 423 388 380 397 317 444 446 453 354 434 402 337 422 415 438 453 444 232 459 R Total See Note 3, "Electricity Imports and Exports," at end • 6 7 8 7 4 7 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 258 230 261 237 221 231 223 230 300 265 318 211 308 282 315 262 188 309 229 296 269 132 264 R NA NA NA NA NA Biomass Waste See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable for updated monthly an • 5 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#renewable for all annual data beginning 8 8 5 5 6 5 3 2 2 3 3 1 1 3 3 2 3 2 • 10 See Tables 8.2a–8.2d and 8.3a–8.3c for electricity net generation and useful thermal outp Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. The electric power sector comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP • 150 167 177 186 165 185 180 182 125 134 137 138 126 137 150 129 152 138 126 140 175 100 196 • • R (s) Wood See http://www.eia.gov/renewable/ for related information. • R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Notes: Web Pages: Sources: Tables 8.2b, 8.5b, 8.7b, and A6. the public. Section 8. renewable energy electric net summer capacity. energy consumption for electricity generation and useful thermal output; and Tables 8.11a–8.11d f from renewable energy sources; Tables 8.4a–8.4c, 8.5a–8.5d, 8.6a–8.6c, and 8.7a–8.7c for renewab annual data. plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, 1949. 4 33 31 36 46 33 57 31 70 31 30 34 29 22 142 178 105 115 721 341 264 546 923 R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1,168 Wind 3 6 6 5 6 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 9 5 9 5 5 5 6 5 6 3 18 12 R U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Solar/PV 2 2 6 38 59 40 97 64 53 51 34 81 37 31 145 147 161 148 148 142 150 148 167 151 146 147 152 138 144 160 173 167 108 106 145 112 146 163 152 148 R (s) NA NA NA Geothermal 1 2,943 2,725 2,670 2,867 1,346 2,905 2,650 2,620 1,349 2,839 1,322 2,937 3,122 3,528 3,494 2,897 3,241 2,430 2,781 2,985 3,218 3,353 2,600 2,494 2,602 2,301 1,569 3,149 2,209 3,581 2,656 2,650 2,302 2,768 2,586 2,026 3,038 3,014 3,233 2,861 2,521 2,808 3,153 R Power Hydroelectric P 7 Solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Conventional hydroelectricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and Geothermal electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). Wood and wood-derived fuels. Wind electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6). 5 7 4 3 6 1 2 able 10.2c Renewable Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 able A6). Year 984 992 009 950 979 997 994 981 965 001 006 988 010 995 985 983 996 990 975 986 977 000 980 989 960 eat rate—see Table A6). 004 998 978 991 011 987 002 999 970 on-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 008 955 982 993 ther biomass. Through 2000, also includes non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from 976 949 005 003 007 (Trillion Btu) ndependent power producers. h 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 o 1 n 2 2 1 i T 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 T 1

306 2010 2007 1.0 Biodiesel 2004 2001 1998 13.9 Fuel Ethanol³ 1995 End of Year 1992-2011 3 0 3 6 9 12 15 1992 5 0 15 10 20 Billion Gallons Million Barrels Stocks, Fuel Ethanol and Biodiesel Production, 2011 2010 Includes denaturant. Sources: Tables 10.3, 10.4, and A3. 3 1,091 Consumption³ 2005 1 Stock Change³ 2000 -90 Net Imports³ U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 1,182 Production³ 2 1990 770 Losses and Co-products 1985 1,922 Feedstock¹ 0 0 500 6 9 0 3 Total corn and other biomass inputs to the production of undenatured ethanol used for fuel -500 Losses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol. (500) (500) 12 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 15 1 2 Trillion Btu Billion Gallons ethanol. 286 Overview, 2011 Figure 10.3 Fuel Ethanol Overview Consumption,³ 1981-2011

307 287 d d g g d . ). ." ls ly el ol al s. ol ol of ry th ta of 8. of 1. of re or S. n 7 7 42 81 68 82 19 51 70 34 62 72 69 59 95 106 144 115 114 171 119 233 137 910 335 293 800 569 453 104 Btu 1,063 1,061 Minus Trillion R 2009 an • Denaturant Consumptio Estimates of U. 7 84 84 63 52 69 70 43 71 60 73 35 19 98 821 584 301 176 140 344 936 109 240 117 148 118 107 122 465 Btu 1,090 1,091 Trillion R Table D2; and interpolate 1981-1992—Fuel ethan • 4 2011—EIA, PSM (Februa • 83 992 617 985 866 819 510 748 831 712 843 415 225 1981-1989—EIA, • 9,683 6,886 1,383 4,059 2,826 1,741 1,151 3,552 1,653 2,073 1,289 1,388 1,443 1,256 5,481 Million Gallons 11,037 12,871 12,858 R Production: Consumption 1992-2010—EIA, PSA, annual reports, Table • monthly reports, Table 1. Data in thousand barre 9,890 5,369 1,978 30,689 96,634 41,445 39,367 67,286 32,919 27,405 23,612 49,360 84,576 16,954 12,150 17,802 29,899 33,038 19,780 20,627 23,453 20,062 19,497 34,350 14,693 Barrels 230,556 163,945 262,776 306,464 306,155 130,505 Thousand R Consumption: 2009 and 2010—EIA, PSA, Table 1. Calculated as fu • 4,6 24 898 279 323 481 618 860 321 -439 -222 -121 -624 -207 8 3,691 2,368 1,775 1,347 1,902 3,197 Calculated as fuel ethanol consumption minus the amount R Stock NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Barrels Thousand Change 4 Table 10; and interpolated values for 1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, and 198 3,400 5,563 8,760 4,298 2,065 6,002 2,393 6,200 5,978 2,186 2,114 3,406 1,791 2,925 4,024 14,226 16,594 10,535 17,941 18,261 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Barrels R Stocks, 2005-2008—EIA, Form EIA-819, "Monthly Oxygenate Report." Thousand Estimates of U.S. Biomass Energy Consumption 1992, • End of Year Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), Trade, Stocks, and Stock Change: 1993-2004—EIA, PSA, annual reports, Tables 2 and 16. Calculated as 10 percent • 5 66 85 87 279 116 306 313 387 292 315 244 4,720 3,542 3,234 Net -9,115 12,610 17,408 10,457 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA R Barrels -25,322 Imports Thousand 4 2011—EIA, PSM (February 2012), Table 1, data for net production of fuel ethanol at renewable fuels an 1990-1992—EIA, 1993-2004—Calculated as fuel ethanol consumption plus fuel ethanol stock change minus fuel ethan 2005-2008—EIA, PSA, annual reports, Tables 1 and 15. Calculated as motor gasoline blendin 2011—EIA, PSM (February 2012), Table 1. report, Table 1, and ethanol refinery and blender net inputs minus fuel ethanol adjustments. oxygenate plants. • motor gasoline, and motor gasoline blending components. the final balance. conventional motor gasoline). Total denaturant is the sum of the values for pentanes plus, convention • Oxygenate Report," and predecessor form, which were not reconciled and updated to be consistent wi • net imports. These data differ slightly from the original production data from EIA, Form EIA-819, "Month • 2010—EIA, PSA, Table 1, data for net production of fuel ethanol at renewable fuels and oxygenate plants • 2012), Table 1. Calculated as fuel ethanol refinery and blender net inputs minus fuel ethanol adjustment converted to Btu by multiplying by 5.253 million Btu per barrel (the approximate heat content oxygenated finished motor gasoline field production (Table 2), plus fuel ethanol refinery input (Table 16 gasoline blending components at renewable fuels and oxygenate plants are multiplied by -1; these data a Biofuels Consumption 1990, pentanes plus). Data in thousand barrels for net production of conventional motor gasoline and mot components adjustments (Table 1), plus finished motor gasoline adjustments (Table 1), plus fuel ethan are converted to Btu by multiplying by 4.620 million Btu per barrel (the approximate heat content denaturant in fuel ethanol consumed. Denaturant in fuel ethanol consumed is estimated by multiplyin for net production of pentanes plus at renewable fuels and oxygenate plants are multiplied by -1; these da Consumption Minus Denaturant: value for 1991. refinery and blender net inputs (Table 15). production is assumed to equal fuel ethanol consumption—see sources for "Consumption denaturant in fuel ethanol produced by the fuel ethanol consumption-to-production ratio. 9,488 R 28,457 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Trade Barrels Exports Thousand annual 85 66 87 373 279 313 116 387 315 306 292 244 R 4,720 3,542 3,234 3,135 Calculated 12,610 10,457 17,408 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Barrels Imports Thousand 1981-2008—Data • 7 70 73 43 60 69 19 83 63 71 35 52 84 98 928 790 115 238 119 124 109 289 109 150 182 138 553 414 331 Btu 1,182 1,127 Trillion R 4 Denaturant: U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 83 831 866 843 225 712 617 819 510 415 748 985 973 Losses and Co-products: 9,309 1,154 1,288 1,622 6,521 2,140 3,904 3,404 1,289 1,358 1,405 2,804 1,765 1,465 4,884 Million Gallons 10,938 13,948 13,298 Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA), R Production See "Denaturant," "Ethanol," "Fuel Ethanol," and • 5,369 1,978 9,890 23,178 32,325 30,689 30,674 42,028 23,453 33,453 12,150 34,881 17,802 27,484 20,627 14,693 16,954 19,780 20,062 19,497 38,627 81,058 50,956 92,961 66,772 Barrels 221,637 260,424 332,107 155,263 116,294 316,617 Thousand Totals may not equal sum of components due to R • 3 40 550 413 669 356 613 698 401 396 243 339 773 614 647 107 469 390 464 294 198 841 4,433 5,688 6,636 6,506 2,326 1,019 1,335 1,859 3,105 1,621 R Dena- Barrels turant Thousand 2 6 56 82 64 35 90 86 56 55 29 99 48 80 86 74 61 49 42 55 16 616 531 770 742 203 285 130 376 108 230 169 Btu R Calculated as fuel ethanol production (in thousand barrels) minus denaturant, and Trillion Losses and Co- products See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable for updated monthly and 1 • 34 13 93 63 77 See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/supply/monthly/ for related information. • 484 125 107 188 124 914 111 688 145 307 233 400 141 202 186 198 211 552 253 123 128 169 Btu Feedstock: 1,517 1,300 1,922 1,839 Fuel ethanol data in thousand barrels are converted to million gallons by multiplying by 0.042, Feed- Trillion stock • R P Losses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol. Does not include natural gas, electricity, Consumption of fuel ethanol minus denaturant. Data for fuel ethanol minus denaturant are used to Derived from the preliminary 2010 stocks value (17,940 thousand barrels), not the final 2010 value Includes denaturant. Total corn and other biomass inputs to the production of undenatured ethanol used for fuel ethanol. The amount of denaturant in fuel ethanol produced. A negative value indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive value indicates an increase. Net imports equal imports minus exports. 4 5 8 3 6 2 7 1 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Web Pages: Sources: able 10.3 Fuel Ethanol Overview, 1981-2011 Year 006 s fuel ethanol feedstock plus denaturant minus fuel ethanol production. stimated quantity-weighted factor of pentanes plus and conventional motor gasoline used as denaturant). 986 000 007 002 994 985 996 991 990 993 989 984 010 999 009 thanol production; these data are converted to Btu by multiplying by 4.645 million Btu per barrel (the nd are converted to Btu by multiplying by the approximate heat content of fuel ethanol—see Table A3. 983 988 992 987 nnual data. evelop data for "Renewable Energy/Biomass" in Tables 10.1–10.2b, as well as in Sections 1 and 2. 982 004 011 nd other non-biomass energy used in the production of fuel ethanol—these are included in the industrial 981 003 998 997 995 005 001 008 ector consumption statistics for the appropriate energy source. Through 1980, data are not available. For 1981–1992, data are estimates. For 1993–2008, only data for 2009 forward—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Fuel Ethanol Minus Denaturant" in Glossary. 17,941 thousand barrels) that is shown under "Stocks." hen multiplied by the fuel ethanol feedstock factor—see Table A3. eedstock, losses and co-products, and denaturant are estimates. Beginning in 2009, only data for eedstock, and losses and co-products, are estimates. n thousand barrels for petroleum denaturant in fuel ethanol produced are estimated as 2 percent of fuel ndependent rounding. ( e 1 1 2 d i 2 s f a 1 T 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 f 1 1 t 2 2 i e 2 " 2 1 2 1 a 1 1 2 1 a 2 1 1 2 a 1 1 • •

308 2011 112 Consumption 2010 7 2009 Stock Change 2008 9 Exports 2007 5 Sources: Tables 10.4 and A3. 2006 Imports 2005 123 Production 2004 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 2 2003 Losses and Co-Products 2002 125 Feedstock¹ 2001 0 0 300 600 900 75 25 50 125 150 100 1,200 Total vegetable oil and other biomass inputs to the production of biodiesel. Losses and co-products from the production of biodiesel. 2 1 Trillion Btu Million Gallons Overview, 2011 288 Consumption, 2001-2011 Figure 10.4 Biodiesel Overview

309 . : s s e d d ly el s, el le le s: 289 ta l). rs In rs or or or U.S 2 3 2 1 42 34 40 46 33 12 Btu R R 112 Trillion 2009 an • Trade: Consumption 16 14 27 91 10 326 263 878 358 316 261 Million R R Gallons 2009—Calculated as th • Consumption Stock Change: (release date October 2010), Tab and 322 385 640 243 (May 2012), Table 1. 6,258 7,750 7,519 8,528 6,204 2,163 R R 20,915 Barrels Thousand Stocks monthly reports, Table 1, data for renewab 0 0 5 669 R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Item Barrels Thousand Balancing 2009 forward—Calculated as biodiesel consumption an • 4 annual reports, Table 1, data for renewable fuels except fu -39 711 R 1,240 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Stock 6 Barrels Change Thousand Monthly Biodiesel Production Report Balancing Item: Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), 672 711 R NA NA NA 1,902 NA NA NA NA NA Barrels Stocks, Thousand End of Year 2010 and 2011—Calculated as biodiesel production plus biodiesel net imports minu • Monthly Biodiesel Production Report, December 2009 2007—U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "M311K - Fats and Oil 3 • Petroleum Supply Annual, 1 2011—EIA, 39 • -26 -16 135 242 -879 Net -1,958 -4,489 -3,135 -8,626 2009 forward—EIA, Barrels • Imports Thousand 2001-2008—Calculated as biodiesel production plus biodiesel net imports. 2008—EIA, fuels except fuel ethanol. 2010—EIA, biodiesel stock change minus biodiesel production and biodiesel net imports. reports, Table 1, refinery and blender net inputs of renewable fuels except fuel ethanol. Data f biodiesel stock change. Production, Consumption, and Stocks," data for all fats and oils consumed in methyl esters (biodiese March-December 2009 are calculated as biodiesel production plus biodiesel net imports minus biodies • biodiesel trade, EIA sees these data as good estimates. (biodiesel). 2011). Although these categories include products other than biodiesel (such as those destined for soap addition, EIA estimates that 14.4 million gallons of yellow grease were consumed in methyl este 11. Department of Agriculture, imports data for Harmonized Tariff Schedule codes 3824.90.40.20, "Fatty Este ethanol. Animal/Vegetable/Mixture" (for data through 2010), and 3824.90.40.30, "Biodiesel <70%" (for data f cosmetics, and other items), biodiesel is the largest component. In the absence of other reliable data f • beginning in July 2010); and exports data for Schedule B code 3824.90.40.00, "Fatty Substance stock change. Animal/Vegetable/Mixture" (for data through June 2010), and 3824.90.40.30, "Biodiesel/Mixes" (for da sum of the monthly consumption data. Data for January and February 2009 are from EIA, PSM, month Production, Consumption, and Stocks," data for soybean oil consumed in methyl esters (biodiesel). 56 39 110 124 828 206 2,503 1,740 6,332 6,477 Trade 16,128 Barrels Exports Thousand 94 97 78 Calculated as 546 861 191 207 1,844 3,342 7,502 1,069 Barrels Imports Thousand 1 4 2 1 44 66 87 62 32 12 Btu R R 123 Trillion Totals may not equal sum of • 2001-2005—U.S. Department of • U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Losses and Co-products: 9 28 14 10 91 967 516 343 490 678 250 Million R R Gallons Production Production: 666 250 338 204 8,177 2,162 5,963 R 23,034 12,281 16,145 11,662 Barrels R Thousand 2 2 1 1 1 1 Btu (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Through 2000, data are not available. Beginning in 2001, data not from U.S. Trillion • Calculated as biodiesel production in thousand barrels multiplied by 5.433 million Losses and Co-products 1 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#renewable for updated monthly and 2006—U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "M311K - Fats and Oils: • • 2 1 1 4 See http://www.eia.gov/biofuels/biodiesel/production/ for related information. 67 44 88 32 63 12 • Btu Feedstock: R R 125 Trillion Biodiesel data in thousand barrels are converted to million gallons by multiplying by 0.042, and • Feedstock P Losses and co-products from the production of biodiesel. Does not include natural gas, electricity, and Derived from the preliminary 2010 stocks value (662 thousand barrels), not the final 2010 value (672 Beginning in 2009, because of incomplete data coverage and different data sources, "Balancing Item" Net imports equal imports minus exports. Total vegetable oil and other biomass inputs to the production of biodiesel. A negative value indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive value indicates an increase. 6 1 5 3 2 4 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. Notes: Sources: Web Pages: able 10.4 Biodiesel Overview, 2001-2011 griculture, Commodity Credit Corporation, Bioenergy Program records. Annual data are derived from nergy Information Administration (EIA) surveys are estimates. tu per barrel (the biodiesel feedstock factor—see Table A3). Year 004 011 008 uarterly data. re converted to Btu by multiplying by 5.359 million Btu per barrel (the approximate heat content of 005 iodiesel—see Table A3). 003 ther non-biomass energy used in the production of biodiesel—these are included in the industrial sector 009 007 001 nnual data. iodiesel feedstock minus biodiesel production. 002 006 010 omponents due to independent rounding. onsumption statistics for the appropriate energy source. housand barrels) that is shown under "Stocks." s used to balance biodiesel supply and disposition. a 2 2 B c 2 E A b q 2 2 2 b t a i 2 c 2 o 2 2 T 2

310 (ss) (s) Hydrogen Hydrogen 4 5 3 LNG Electricity 4 26 57 LNG Electricity 90 116 CNG³ Ethanol¹ 126 143 LPG² LPG² 210 619 CNG³ Ethanol¹ 0 0 50 Excludes oxygenates and biodiesel. Liquefied natural gas. (s)=Fewer than 0.5 thousand vehicles. Source: Table 10.5. (ss)=Less than 0.5 million gasoline-equivalent gallons. 4 5 250 100 150 200 700 400 500 200 600 300 100 Million Gasoline-Equivalent Gallons Thousand Vehicles Vehicles in Use by Fuel Type, 2010 Fuel Consumption by Type, 2010 939 458 826 431 2009 2009 776 430 696 415 2007 2007 udes other vehicles with E85- 635 418 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 592 421 2005 2005 565 429 534 hose E85 vehicles believed to be used as 2003 403 2003 471 382 425 2001 352 2001 395 325 arily fleet-operated vehicles; excl 322 1999 305 1999 1995-2010 295 5 326 280 1997 315 1997 265 297 247 1995 278 1995 0 0 800 400 200 600 Ethanol, 85 percent (E85). Includes only t Liquefied petroleum gases. Compressed natural gas. 400 300 200 100 500 1,000 1 2 3 Million Gasoline-Equivalent Gallons Thousand Vehicles fueling capability. alternative-fueled vehicles, prim Vehicles in Use, 1995-2010 Fuel Consumption, 290 Figure 10.5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Alternative Fuel Consumption

311 291 , y d e e n d ls el y. al le et to (Jun NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Total NA NA NA 4,890,457 4,747,615 4,704,995 4,972,556 4,925,222 4,273,880 4,685,263 4,144,620 3,906,142 9,220,374 7,197,439 5,476,783 8,099,342 4,849,594 4,744,930 3,726,802 10 6,828 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 14,082 27,616 10,627 16,824 93,281 NA NA NA Bio- 324,329 367,764 325,102 235,188 267,623 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA diesel NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Total 2,888,569 8,527,431 4,287,972 6,442,781 4,573,580 4,528,272 4,291,467 7,343,133 4,694,304 4,164,168 4,411,163 1,895,372 2,850,854 3,959,260 4,380,645 3,818,639 3,628,022 4,413,116 3,429,492 2 9 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 868,113 779,958 719,408 934,615 912,858 975,255 852,514 677,537 8,527,431 7,343,133 1,173,323 4,694,304 6,442,781 1,919,572 2,414,167 1,450,721 3,729,168 2,756,663 1,114,313 Gasohol Ethanol in 2003 forward—EIA, Alternative-Fuel Vehic • Oxygenates 8 0 0 0 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 435,000 2,020,455 3,122,859 3,354,949 2,368,400 1,877,300 1,654,500 2,070,897 1,175,964 3,298,803 2,905,781 3,405,390 2,693,407 3,106,745 2,751,955 Butyl Ether Methyl Tertiary Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels: An Overview 402,941 351,558 394,664 382,152 428,532 431,107 457,755 425,457 471,098 417,803 430,329 533,999 414,715 420,778 265,006 280,205 565,492 246,855 695,766 775,667 938,643 634,562 592,125 826,318 325,980 324,986 322,302 304,618 278,121 295,030 314,621 297,310 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1995-2002—EIA, "Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fue Subtotal • 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 2 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 1 (number) Other 1992-1994—Science Applications International Corporation, "Alternative Transportatio Fuels NA NA NA NA NA NA 11 • 2 0 0 8 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 66 41 25 43 117 140 152 357 119 223 313 421 159 Fuel consumption quantities are expressed in a common base unit of gasoline-equivalent gallons gen Hydro- NA NA NA NA NA NA NA=Not available. Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/renewable/. Sources: 12 end users. See "Alternative-Fuel Vehicle" in Glossary. Fuels and Vehicles Data Development," unpublished final report prepared for the EIA, (McLean, VA Transportation Fuels," annual reports, Table C1. 2003 Estimated Data" (February 2004), Tables 1 and 10. Data were revised b Interactive Data Viewer (see http://www.eia.gov/renewable/afv/users.cfm#tabs_charts-2 an heat contents, see EIA, http://www.eia.gov/renewable/afv/xls/New%20C1%20GEGs.xls); and "Alternatives to Tradition Data were revised by using gross instead of net heat contents. For a table of gross and n using gross instead of net heat contents. multiplying the result by the replacement fuel consumption value. See "Heat Content" in Glossary. by the gross heat content of gasoline (using an approximate heat content of 122,619 Btu per gallon) an July 1996), and U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energ displacement. Gasoline equivalent is computed by dividing the gross heat content of the replacement fu 1994), Table 22. allow comparisons of different fuel types. Gasoline-equivalent gallons do not represent gasolin 6 430 288 359 663 773 5,141 5,269 5,219 4,066 7,274 5,050 5,104 4,956 4,847 5,037 4,453 1,690 2,860 3,280 2,224 6,964 5,243 1,202 3,058 1,524 1,607 1,010 (thousand gasoline-equivalent gallons) 11,830 57,462 53,526 49,536 57,185 51,398 33,047 55,730 17,847 56,901 47,485 Elec- 12 tricity 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 82 87 27 33 38 61 64 14 13 14 144 136 347 361 Alternative and Replacement Fuels 1,021 1,166 2,770 (E95) Ethanol, Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use 95 Percent Fuel Consumption 82 22 49 3,5 605 441 172 195 712 1,527 4,536 9,130 1,314 4,019 1,772 54,091 31,581 62,464 18,250 90,323 15,007 38,074 87,570 26,376 44,041 71,213 12,388 12,788 24,604 297,099 211,800 618,505 450,327 100,303 364,384 120,951 179,090 246,363 504,297 (E85) Ethanol, 85 Percent U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 415 414 172 386 404 172 198 469 364 200 471 364 3,347 3,321 2,672 2,255 Neat (M100) Methanol, 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 461 354 614 5,873 7,827 2,455 1,121 4,850 1,671 2,122 1,271 1,630 1,862 1,126 10,263 15,484 20,265 21,040 10,426 18,319 18,964 19,648 (M85) Methanol, 85 Percent 90 299 484 598 603 813 663 2,576 2,717 2,781 3,354 2,748 2,640 3,176 9,122 9,593 2,708 2,090 2,798 3,101 1,944 2,398 5,463 3,320 7,423 5,959 2,821 1,172 1,681 3,798 20,888 26,072 22,409 13,503 25,652 25,554 24,594 23,474 Gas Natural Liquefied 23,191 22,035 32,714 17,159 41,227 24,643 66,495 47,861 35,865 88,478 50,218 73,859 81,211 68,571 60,144 78,782 91,267 Gas 189,358 210,007 111,851 123,081 114,270 116,131 133,222 100,750 114,391 115,863 114,406 117,699 158,903 172,011 113,973 166,878 178,565 120,839 118,532 106,584 199,513 Natural Compressed 164,846 152,360 190,369 173,130 210,247 223,600 187,680 233,178 224,697 238,845 175,679 126,354 175,585 147,784 188,171 213,012 181,994 172,806 239,648 185,053 241,881 177,183 129,631 182,864 211,883 173,795 151,049 216,319 143,037 147,030 158,254 178,610 Gases NA NA NA NA NA NA Liquefied Petroleum In addition to methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), includes a very small amount of other ethers, Includes only those E85 vehicles believed to be used as alternative-fuels vehicles (AFVs), primarily May include P-Series fuel or any other fuel designated by the Secretary of Energy as an alternative "Vehicles in Use" data represent accumulated acquisitions, less retirements, as of the end of each "Biodiesel" may be used as a diesel fuel substitute or diesel fuel additive or extender. See "Biodiesel" See "Alternative Fuel" and "Replacement Fuel" in Glossary. Data do not include the motor gasoline portion of the fuel. One hundred percent methanol. Excludes gasoline-electric hybrids. See "Oxygenates" in Glossary. Remaining portion is motor gasoline. Consumption data include the motor gasoline portion of the fuel. 2 4 8 5 7 1 6 3 9 able 10.5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010 11 10 anufacturers began including E85-fueling capability in certain model lines of vehicles. For 2010, the U.S. nergy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that the number of E85 vehicles that are capable of Year 996 995 002 998 003 000 003 993 992 007 001 009 008 007 000 004 998 001 994 004 002 006 996 005 999 994 005 perating on E85, motor gasoline, or both, is about 10 million. Many of these AFVs are sold and used as 992 993 008 009 010 006 999 997 010 995 997 rimarily tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME) and ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE). alendar year; data do not include concept and demonstration vehicles that are not ready for delivery to raditional gasoline-powered vehicles. leet-operated vehicles; excludes other vehicles with E85-fueling capability. In 1997, some vehicle uel in acordance with the Energy Policy Act of 1995. n Glossary. 2 t o c p E 2 m i f 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 f 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 T 2

312 2 2005 2005 Collectors 2000 2000 Medium-Temperature 3 1995 1995 Collectors Low-Temperature 1990 1990 9 0 3 6 12 1985 Dollars¹ per Square Foot Price of Total Shipments, 1986-2009 1980 2005 1975 2000 Exports 0 300 600 900 Collectors that generally operate at temperatures below 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Notes: • Shipments are for domestic and export shipments, and may include imports Source: Table 10.6. 3 1,200 1,500 1,800 Thousand Square Feet 1995 for 1985. that subsequently were shipped to domestic or foreign customers. • Data were not collected Average Annual Shipments per Manufacturer, 1974-2009 Imports 1990 1985 1980 2005 1 2 5 3 4 6 0 Million Square Feet Trade, 1978-2009 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1995 at temperatures as low as 110 degrees ube collectors or concentrating (focusing) temperature range of 140 degrees Fahrenheit to 1990 2 1985 3 Collectors 1980 Medium-Temperature Collectors Low-Temperature 1975 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 0 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 0 6 Collectors that generally operate in the 12 18 24 300 200 100 2 1 Million Square Feet Number collectors–are included in the medium-temperature category. 180 degrees Fahrenheit but can also operate Fahrenheit. Special collectors–evacuated t 292 Number of U.S. Manufacturers by Type of Collector, 1974-2009 Total Shipments, 1974-2009 Figure 10.6 Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Type, Price, and Trade

313 293 , , g d rt s. m of 461 855 840 405 537 411 454 659 518 840 332 360 245 530 379 316 159 455 348 771 496 224 182 158 813 1,115 1,376 2,247 1,211 1,577 1,361 NA NA NA NA NA Exports Trade 290 396 235 196 814 691 473 511 418 621 2003 forward—EIA 1,233 1,815 2,102 2,039 4,546 5,517 1,650 2,352 1,930 1,562 2,986 3,502 4,244 3,891 3,456 3,068 2,206 1,543 2,037 2,201 3,723 • NA NA NA NA NA Imports Solar Collector Manufacturin 4 per 5 annual reports, and Form EIA-63A 3.05 3.56 7.01 2.85 3.95 3.66 3.30 5.84 3.19 2.86 3.96 3.74 9.86 4.80 3.91 3.58 4.26 2.90 6.14 3.28 4.56 4.82 2.43 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 10.92 Price square foot) (dollars Shipments data are for domestic and expo • Total Shipments 5,801 1,274 7,627 6,968 7,666 8,138 8,583 7,086 3,743 7,756 7,616 6,574 8,174 7,269 8,354 9,360 NA 10,860 14,251 19,398 10,312 16,963 11,189 11,409 16,828 20,744 18,621 11,663 13,798 21,133 11,444 16,041 17,191 15,153 11,482 14,114 Shipped Quantity (and predecessor reports), annual reports, and For 3 4 per 5 Renewable Energy Annual, – – W W W W W W W NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 11.96 22.12 25.32 53.26 31.94 75.66 25.00 53.21 15.74 18.75 17.76 Price 286.49 177.00 square foot) (dollars 5 2 2 7 4 7 2 1 2 33 13 21 10 12 773 115 980 388 1993-2002—EIA, • 3,852 4,498 5,237 5,209 3,155 4,116 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA – NA Shipped Quantity High-Temperature Collectors 1974-1992—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • Data for this table are not available for 2010. • 4 per 5 annual reports, and Form CE-63A, "Annual Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturers Survey," an 7.68 No data are available for 1985. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. W W W W W W W NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 18.30 11.74 14.48 13.50 19.12 15.17 10.48 19.57 14.88 13.54 11.94 27.32 10.96 11.74 15.17 19.30 Price 6 5 NA=Not available. – =No data reported. – – =Not applicable. W=Value withheld to avoid disclosure Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/renewable/. Notes: 2 square foot) Manufacturers producing more than one type of collector are accounted for in both groups. (dollars EIA-63A, "Annual Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturers Survey." Activity, "Annual Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturers Survey," and predecessor form. proprietary company data. • Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturing Activities predecessor forms. shipments, and may include imports that subsequently were shipped to domestic or foreign customer 4 6 25 23 10 19 29 58 67 45 62 55 13 44 28 24 35 25 32 26 38 21 41 19 29 23 32 41 16 26 16 31 33 41 30 per NA Manu- facturer Shipments 717 137 989 840 732 785 897 957 931 443 606 427 400 803 535 702 268 560 506 1,925 5,569 5,856 4,988 7,165 2,527 1,111 1,989 2,560 2,307 1,797 1,346 NA 11,145 11,975 11,456 11,939 Shipped Quantity F. Special collectors are ° Medium-Temperature Collectors 39 19 31 50 16 26 45 41 41 87 34 33 21 20 36 19 17 17 17 73 35 62 51 17 17 118 206 297 203 204 179 263 248 257 250 NA Manu- of U.S. Number facturers U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 per 5 2.24 2.83 2.60 2.32 2.18 2.90 2.67 2.50 2.09 2.54 2.60 2.80 2.08 2.30 2.90 2.00 2.08 1.95 1.97 1.97 1.94 2.15 1.89 1.80 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Price square foot) (dollars 1 93 91 88 85 416 190 204 428 233 123 487 627 487 464 304 579 387 263 100 723 607 116 349 171 426 155 809 856 906 per 1,413 1,274 1,025 1,522 1,092 1,512 NA Manu- facturer Shipments 1,137 3,326 6,821 5,872 7,292 3,645 3,751 5,585 7,476 7,524 6,823 3,876 4,283 6,187 4,479 4,743 8,394 8,152 7,948 4,853 6,813 6,025 3,157 3,026 8,677 NA 10,919 13,323 14,015 12,233 15,224 10,877 11,126 10,511 15,546 13,608 Shipped Quantity F but can also operate at temperatures as low as 110 ° Low-Temperature Collectors 6 8 9 16 13 16 13 16 19 75 13 48 11 13 52 55 10 13 11 10 12 13 12 79 69 14 12 11 13 14 10 84 22 61 12 F to 180 ° NA Manu- of U.S. Number facturers F. High-temperature collector shipments are dominated by one manufacturer, and the collectors are F. 6 High-temperature collectors are solar thermal collectors that generally operate at temperatures above Medium-temperature collectors are solar thermal collectors that generally operate in the temperature Prices equal shipment value divided by quantity shipped. Value includes charges for advertising and Low-temperature collectors are solar thermal collectors that generally operate at temperatures below ° ° 2 1 3 4 able 10.6 Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Type, Price, and Trade, 1974-2009 arranties. Excluded are excise taxes and the cost of freight or transportation for the shipments. Year 987 009 981 994 993 998 990 004 977 974 006 005 982 999 008 976 007 979 992 10 996 002 988 001 975 003 983 980 985 991 978 995 989 lectricity. Year-to-year fluctations depend on how much new capacity is brought online. sed by the electric power sector to build new central station solar thermal power plants and generate 986 997 80 000 984 pecialized industrial processes). ollectors. They operate in the temperature range from just above ambient temperature (low concentration (Thousand Square Feet, Except as Noted) ange of 140 or pool heating) to several hundred degrees Fahrenheit (high concentration for air conditioning and ncluded in this category. Special collectors are evacuated tube collectors or concentrating (focusing) 1 c e 1 i 1 w 1 2 f 1 1 r 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 s 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 u 2 T 1

314 5 5 (s) Space 1.0 Cooling High- Temperature 4 0.4 2.3 Electricity Medium- Temperature Generation 3 High-Temperature Collectors 9.0 0.6 Low- Heating Process Temperature 8 0 4 12 16 Million Square Feet 7 Type of Collector (s) Other 0.4 0.1 Electric Pool 4 Power Heating 0.6 Indust- Space cooling, process heating, and electricity generation. Water heating and combined heating. Collectors that generally operate at temperatures above 180 degrees Fahrenheit. (s)=Less than 0.05 million square feet. Source: Table 10.7. 5 6 7 trial 0.1 Space Heating 1.0 cial Commer- Medium-Temperature Collectors 0.1 Heating¹ Combined tial 10.2 Residen- 0 4 8 12 16 Million Square Feet 2.0 Water Heating U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1.0 Other² 6 at temperatures as low as 110 degrees (s) Other 3 temperature range of 140 degrees Fahrenheit to 0.4 city Electri- Generation 0.6 0.1 Heating Process Space Heating 2.0 Water Heating Low-Temperature Collectors 8.9 Pool Heating 8.9 Pool Heating 8 4 0 0 8 4 Space heating, combined heating, and space cooling. Collectors that generally operate at temperatures below 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Collectors that generally operate in the Combined space and water heating. 12 16 12 3 1 4 2 16 Million Square Feet Million Square Feet Fahrenheit. 180 degrees Fahrenheit but can also operate End Use Market Sector 294 End Use by Type of Collector Figure 10.7 Solar Thermal Collector Domestic Shipments by Market Sector, End-Use, and Type, 2009

315 295 l, n d 3 e e s, te g) 200 • Total 2 7 0 2 11,986 1,764 27 2,432 702 268 2,284 1,346 506 560 615 978 383 115 15,546 11,900 15,224 13,608 8,959 3,852 10,919 10,877 16,041 12,221 11,663 13,777 14,115 11,444 14,716 11,189 20,744 11,046 – – – 114 114 1 5 12 0 0 15 2 0 0 0 349 374 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3,845 0 0 389 361 3,847 0 6 0 0 2 0 Renewable Energy Annua Electricity Generation – – – – 27 21 29 34 34 34 34 50 27 0 0 14 0 4 0 0 594 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 608 0 0 4 0 (and predecessor reports), annual report Heating Process Totals may not equal sum of components du • 5 – – – 73 141 16 128 38 12 16 15 16 9 2 5 0 0 0 0 21 0 7 7 0 0 2 137 16 73 148 12 23 16 17 66 0 Heating Combined – – – – – 13 18 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 10 13 2 18 0 3 0 0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Space Cooling By End Use – – – 0 126 89 176 40 11 38 146 9 5 61 10 63 290 61 190 65 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 189 186 150 228 330 76 146 70 13 6 Space Heating Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturing Activities 2001-2002—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), 6 • Data for this table are not available for 2010. • F. These are parabolic dish/trough collectors used primarily by the electric power sector to genera High-temperature collectors are solar thermal collectors that generally operate at temperatures abov ° 9 – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 thousand square feet. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/renewable/. Sources: Notes: – – (s) collectors. They operate in the temperature range from just above ambient temperature (low concentratio annual reports, and Form EIA-63A, "Annual Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturers Survey." forward—EIA, and Form EIA-63A, "Annual Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturers Survey." 180 specialized industrial processes). to independent rounding. for pool heating) to several hundred degrees Fahrenheit (high concentration for air conditioning an electricity for the electric grid. included in this category. Special collectors are evacuated tube collectors or concentrating (focusin 1,985 1,389 1,971 1,126 232 511 628 422 452 7 8 4 12 42 0 0 10 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 640 1,978 1,393 1,992 423 511 274 1,136 452 Water Heating Total Shipments Domestic Shipments – – – Pool 52 158 93 137 20 16 22 28 33 11,880 8,882 11,917 15,225 15,022 10,778 10,782 11,045 13,600 0 0 0 0 0 0 12,076 15,041 11,973 8,934 10,797 11,073 15,362 13,634 10,800 Heating 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 1 1 7 2 3 50 0 0 100 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 56 3 35 2 107 1 F. Special collectors are Other ° 3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 – – – – – 114 114 6 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 374 289 1 3,845 0 0 0 1 0 374 0 294 4 3,845 1 Electric Power 2 – – 5 33 29 1 2 0 18 60 26 30 44 40 71 12 2 11 27 95 0 0 0 0 594 0 0 70 128 42 31 17 62 71 46 634 Industrial 1 By Market Sector – (s) 24 58 44 439 69 298 376 0 120 813 1,099 1,500 987 1,178 526 524 918 633 7 2 7 1 2 0 10 974 1,178 864 595 1,294 931 1,626 1,160 1,012 Commercial F, but can also operate at temperatures as low as 110 ° – – – 481 478 636 240 2,017 513 1,816 1,217 1,447 9,993 14,045 0 0 0 8,423 0 12,386 0 0 10,983 11,352 10,519 13,906 9,885 13,000 10,125 10,506 12,799 14,681 12,864 10,239 11,000 15,123 Residential F to 180 ° ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 F. Year Low-temperature collectors are solar thermal collectors that generally operate at temperatures below Through 2006, data are for other sectors such as government, including the military, but excluding Through 2006, data are for electric utilities only; independent power producers are included in Medium-temperature collectors are solar thermal collectors that generally operate in the temperature Through 2006, data are for the commercial sector, excluding government, which is included in "Other." Through 2006, data are for the industrial sector and independent power producers. Beginning in Through 2006, data are for domestic and export shipments, and may include imports that Combined space and water heating. ° 7 2 6 8 4 3 5 1 and Type able 10.7 Solar Thermal Collector Shipments by Market Sector, End Use, and Type, 2001-2009 002 Total 009 Total 001 Total 006 Total 007 Total 007, data are for the industrial sector only; independent power producers are included in "Electric Power." 003 Total 008 Total 005 Total 004 Total 10 ubsequently were shipped to domestic or foreign customers. Beginning in 2007, data are for domestic hipments only. pace applications. Beginning in 2007, data are for the transportation sector. (Thousand Square Feet) Industrial." Beginning in 2007, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. ange of 140 High Low Medium Low High Medium Medium Medium High High Low Medium High Low Low Low Medium Medium High Medium Low High Medium Low High Beginning in 2007, data are for the commercial sector, including government. High Low 1 s s s " 2 2 2 2 r 2 2 2 2 2 2 T

316 2010 2010 2008 Cells Modules Only Modules 2005 2006 2004 2000 2002 Cells and Modules 2000 1995 1998 1996 1990 1994 1985 1992 1990 0 500 1 2 3 4 6 5 7 Source: Table 10.8. 0 1,000 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 Total Shipments, 1982-2010 Dollars¹ per Peak Watt Thousand Peak Kilowatts Prices, 1989-2010 112 2010 101 66 Imports 46 2007 41 2008 29 19 20 2002 2006 19 19 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 21 Exports 19 2004 21 21 1997 25 24 Cell and Module Shipments, Trade, and Prices 22 2002 19 21 1992 23 domestic or foreign customers. 19 2000 17 14 1987 17 17 1998 15 23 18 19 1996 0 1982 0 500 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary. 40 80 20 60 1,500 1,000 2,000 Note: Shipments are for domestic and export shipments, and may include imports that 1 120 100 Thousand Peak Kilowatts Number subsequently were shipped to Number of U.S. Companies Reporting Shipments, 1982-2010 Trade, Modules Only, 1996-2010 296 Figure 10.8 Photovoltaic

317 g s. al 297 at 3 1.96 5.69 3.50 2.79 3.19 3.49 3.37 2.99 3.74 3.42 3.62 3.46 3.17 4.09 3.94 4.16 4.56 4.46 6.12 6.11 5.14 5.24 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 Modules annual report per Peak Watt Prices 4 1.13 3.84 1.27 2.17 2.22 2.03 1.94 1.92 1.86 2.46 2.32 2.12 2.40 2.78 3.15 2.80 2.97 2.53 4.08 5.23 3.08 3.21 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Cells Dollars Solar Collector Manufacturin (and predecessor reports), annu 66,278 72,017 36,277 34,282 30,229 24,545 32,559 22,956 14,128 19,015 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Only 976,955 215,364 116,561 615,094 409,261 Modules Exports Renewable Energy Annual, 6 7,544 3,821 5,358 8,905 9,823 3,109 7,363 1,670 1,903 2,153 ( ) 92,451 68,382 66,778 60,693 61,356 55,585 35,493 17,714 22,448 33,793 19,871 14,814 NA Cells 237,209 102,770 130,757 681,427 462,252 and Modules Trade 4,630 6,378 9,289 5,016 7,029 14,096 44,443 99,687 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Only 449,813 173,165 625,182 Modules 1993-2002—EIA, 1,734,149 • Imports Solar Photovoltaic Cell/Module Shipments Report 921 678 285 826 6 1,398 9,731 7,297 4,784 1,864 1,931 1,853 8,821 1,960 1,337 1,453 1,602 2,059 1,767 ( ) 90,981 47,703 10,204 NA NA NA Cells 743,414 173,977 586,558 238,018 and Modules 1982-1992—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • annual reports. Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/renewable/. NA=Not available. Note: Shipments data are for domestic and export shipments, and may include imports th 3 64,413 80,062 67,033 24,534 43,073 55,007 19,627 33,645 32,313 19,064 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Only 2003 forward—EIA, 494,148 320,208 920,693 143,274 204,996 • reports. subsequently were shipped to domestic or foreign customers. Activity, Modules 2,644,498 1,188,879 2 Total Peak Kilowatts 6 9,676 6,850 6,333 5,769 6,897 9,912 ( ) 13,837 12,825 35,464 15,583 50,562 88,221 31,059 46,354 76,787 26,077 97,666 12,620 14,939 20,951 Cells 5 337,268 517,684 986,504 109,357 181,116 226,916 112,090 1,282,560 and Modules NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Only 519,516 Modules Thin-Film Shipments U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 303 516 723 782 6 1,321 1,230 1,895 1,075 1,445 3,318 1,886 2,736 3,269 1,628 1,266 7,396 1,061 ( ) 10,966 12,541 53,826 21,978 NA NA NA Cells 101,766 202,519 293,182 266,547 and Modules NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Only Modules 2,114,881 6 7,364 5,806 5,613 5,461 Crystalline Silicon ( ) 12,492 14,205 24,785 47,186 33,996 73,461 85,155 84,651 20,146 44,314 14,457 10,747 29,740 97,940 NA NA NA Cells 104,123 172,965 984,161 233,518 665,795 310,330 159,138 and Modules 19 23 14 19 66 21 22 19 29 19 19 20 17 21 18 21 46 19 21 24 23 17 17 15 25 41 19 5 101 112 U.S. Number Reporting Shipments Companies Prices equal shipment value divided by quantity shipped. Value includes charges for advertising and Includes all types of photovoltaic cells and modules (single-crystal silicon, cast silicon, ribbon silicon, Beginning in 2010, because of changes to survey methodology, survey data for cells and modules See "Peak Kilowatt" and "Peak Watt" in Glossary. Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Data were imputed for one nonrespondent who exited the industry during 1990. 3 4 1 6 5 2 able 10.8 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Type, Trade, and Prices, 1982-2010 arranties. Excluded are excise taxes and the cost of freight or transportation for the shipments. Year 993 000 985 997 010 004 991 982 999 006 987 995 005 002 989 009 984 001 003 998 996 992 983 988 986 994 008 990 007 annot be summed. hin-film silicon, and concentrator silicon). Excludes cells and modules for space and satellite applications. 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 c w 1 1 2 1 2 t 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 T 1

318 5 7 4.2 48.2 Industrial Off–Grid¹ not connected to the electric power grid, and that are used to 6 4 10.9 243.9 Electric Power Photovoltaic modules that are Electric utilities and independent power producers. Industrial sector only; independent power producers are included in "Electric Power." Source: Table 10.9. 5 6 7 provide electric power for a variety of non-domestic applications. 1,408.5 467.2 Residential grid, and whose output is fed U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Grid–Connected¹ e connected to the electric power grid, and whose output is e not connected to the electric power grid, and that are used to e connected to the electric power 243.9 908.2 Centralized² Distributed³ Domestic Non-Domestic Commercial 0 0 500 200 800 600 400 Photovoltaic modules that ar See "Electric Power Grid" in Glossary. Photovoltaic modules that ar Photovoltaic modules that ar 1,500 1,000 1,000 consumed mainly onsite. directly into the grid. provide electric power to remote households or communities. 2 3 1 4 Thousand Peak Kilowatts Thousand Peak Kilowatts By Sector By End Use 298 Figure 10.9 U.S. Shipments of Photovoltaic Modules Only by Sector and End Use, 2010

319 s d g ic al s. al 299 9, nt or Total 26,077 46,354 20,951 35,464 12,825 31,059 15,583 14,939 13,837 50,562 76,787 88,221 97,666 112,090 109,357 226,916 181,116 280,475 337,268 601,133 524,252 1,667,543 annual report Totals may not equ • 10 Solar Collector Manufacturin 8,954 7,871 7,825 4,193 (and predecessor reports), annu 29,451 14,094 19,736 14,528 10,118 18,241 10,489 10,271 27,735 51,847 48,993 56,414 41,176 51,511 33,480 16,507 45,068 33,484 2 Non-Domestic Off-Grid 9 Renewable Energy Annual, 9,253 8,233 8,630 5,761 2,620 4,238 3,594 3,097 8,634 8,119 10,884 21,447 10,829 14,997 21,693 15,025 18,371 18,003 15,527 24,958 10,867 10,941 Domestic 8 By End Use 856 469 1993-2002—EIA, • 12 12 1,227 1,096 1,251 4,585 8,273 2,296 4,844 2 24,782 42,485 27,226 33,983 14,193 21,713 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 500,854 274,197 253,101 585,189 168,474 129,265 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 1,408,462 Distributed 11 Solar Photovoltaic Cell/Module Shipments Report 7 1989-1992—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), • Grid-Connected See "Photovoltaic Cell (PVC)" and "Photovoltaic Module" in Glossary. 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 • annual reports. () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () 243,947 Through 2006, data are for domestic and export shipments of photovoltaic cells and modules, an Through 2009, data for "Centralized" are included in "Distributed." Centralized Notes: R=Revised. – – = Not applicable. Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/fuelrenewable.html. 12 11 2003 forward—EIA, reports. Activity, • newly developed product lines), "Transportation," "Water Pumping," and "Other" (applications such a cooking food, desalinization, and distilling). sum of components due to independent rounding. data are for domestic shipments of photovoltaic cells and modules. For 2010, data are for domest shipments of photovoltaic modules only. Manufacturers" (non-photovoltaic manufacturers that combine photovoltaic technology into existing may include imports that subsequently were shipped to domestic or foreign customers. For 2007-200 in the following end-use categories: "Communications," "Consumer Goods," "Health," "Original Equipme 6 377 477 856 510 551 432 571 313 841 2,367 1,392 1,639 2,720 4,690 1,347 9,772 – – – – – – – – 14,316 17,857 Other U.S. Shipments of Photovoltaic Modules Only U.S. Shipments of Photovoltaic Cells and Modules Total Shipments of Photovoltaic Cells and Modules 5 143 826 785 1,275 1,553 2,364 1,503 5,846 6,298 8,474 3,759 5,876 4,753 3,965 7,640 3,233 5,651 3,981 35,294 53,636 35,819 Electric 243,947 Power U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 6,855 3,993 2,817 3,947 4,279 5,352 7,198 8,300 28,808 13,232 28,063 30,493 27,951 32,218 24,972 11,748 51,493 32,702 43,445 28,618 22,199 48,208 By Sector Industrial 3 ) 1 8,004 5,122 5,715 9,717 6,057 8,062 R R R R R R 79,146 29,924 24,731 12,483 42,075 49,231 14,708 12,297 15,594 23,611 R R R R R R R R R R 119,763 262,952 282,807 144,061 190,998 908,224 R R R R R Commercial 6,272 3,624 1,439 5,237 6,632 1,701 4,154 8,475 23,389 29,315 19,817 24,814 33,262 68,417 95,815 75,040 53,928 10,993 15,936 221,245 467,165 173,989 Residential Photovoltaic cells/modules that are not connected to the electric power grid, and that are used to Photovoltaic cells/modules that are connected to the electric power grid, and whose output is fed Through 2006, data are for electric utilities only; independent power producers are included in Includes data that were previously shown in the "Commercial," "Government," and "Transportation" Photovoltaic cells/modules that are not connected to the electric power grid, and that are used to Through 2006, data are for the industrial sector and independent power producers. Beginning in Photovoltaic cells/modules that are connected to the electric power grid, and whose output is See "Electric Power Grid" in Glossary. Through 2006, data are for specialty purposes such as research. See "Peak Kilowatt" in Glossary. 1 9 3 6 5 7 2 8 4 able 10.9 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Sector and End Use, 1989-2010 10 Year 005 997 007, data are for the industrial sector only; independent power producers are included in "Electric Power." 996 irectly into the grid. 010 006 001 989 004 007 003 rovide electric power to remote households or communities. Includes data that were previously shown in 008 990 999 998 995 rovide electric power for a variety of non-domestic applications. Includes data that were previously shown 002 993 992 991 000 994 009 onsumed mainly onsite. ector categories. (Peak Kilowatts Industrial." Beginning in 2007, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. he "Remote" end-use category. 2 p 2 2 2 1 2 t 2 p 1 1 1 1 c d 1 2 " 1 2 2 s 2 2 2 1 1 1 T 1

320 , Esti- Resource , Table 8, Estimates of , Table 8, total Estimates of U.S. EIA, AER, Tables EIA, AER, Tables 5.11, EIA, AER, Tables 5.11, Estimates of U.S. Biofuels ), Tables 8.1 and A6. • 1989 , and information provided by the Estimates of U.S. Wood Energy AER EIA, AER, Tables 10.3 and 10.4. ( • 1949–1988: U.S. Energy Information , Table ES1. • 1984: EIA, , Table 8, total waste consumption minus elec- AER, Table 10.2c). • 1985 and 1986: Values • 1981: EIA, , Landfill Methane Outreach Program. EIA, AER, Table 10.4. , Table 1. • 1985 and 1986: Values interpolated. Oregon Institute of Technology, Geo-Heat Center. , Table A2. • 1980–1983: EIA, 2010 and 2011: EIA, AER, Tables 8.2d and A6. Estimates of U.S. Biofuels Consumption 1990 • 1949–1979: EIA, Estimates of U.S. Biofuels Consumption 1990 2011: EIA, AER, Tables 8.2d and A6. Methane Recovery Yearbook Annual Energy Review , Table 8, total waste consumption minus electric power sector and Estimates of Biofuels Consumption in the United States During 1987 (Table 5.13a) divided by total motor gasoline product supplied (Table 5.11), and then multiplied by fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) consumption (Table 10.3). Table 10.2b Sources Industrial Sector, Hydroelectric Power: 5.13a, and 10.3. Calculated as commercial sector motor gasoline consumption Administration (EIA), Commercial Sector, Fuel Ethanol (Minus Denaturant): Industrial Sector, Wood: Industrial Sector, Wind: estimates based on information presented in Government Advisory Associates, 10.2c). • 1988: Value interpolated. • 1989 forward: EIA, AER, Table 8.7c; and EIA, waste consumption minus electric power sector waste consumption (see AER, Table interpolated. • 1987: EIA, Recovery Yearbook 5.13b, and 10.3. Calculated as industrial sector motor gasoline consumption (Table Transportation Sector, Biodiesel: 5.13b) divided by total motor gasoline product supplied (Table 5.11), and then tion (Table 5.13c) divided by total motor gasoline product supplied (Table 5.11), and then multiplied by fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) consumption (Table 10.3). 5.11, 5.13c, and 10.3. Calculated as transportation sector motor gasoline consump- multiplied by fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) consumption (Table 10.3). Industrial Sector, Losses and Co-products: Transportation Sector, Fuel Ethanol (Minus Denaturant): Calculated as fuel ethanol losses and co-products (Table 10.3) plus biodiesel losses U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and co-products (Table 10.4). Industrial Sector, Fuel Ethanol (Minus Denaturant): Industrial Sector, Geothermal: Industrial Sector, Solar/PV: forward: EIA, AER, Tables 8.2d and A6. U.S. Biofuels Consumption 1990 Wood Energy Consumption 1980-1983 Consumption from 1949 to 1981 • 1987: EIA, EIA estimates based on Form EIA-846, “Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey.” Industrial Sector, Biomass Waste: Table 2. • 1988: Value interpolated. • 1989 forward: EIA, AER, Table 8.7c; and waste consumption based on Consumption 1990 waste consumption (see AER, Table 10.2c). • 1982 and 1983: EIA estimates for total tric power sector waste consumption (see minus electric power waste consumption (see AER, Table 10.2c). • 1984: EIA, mates of U.S. Biofuels Consumption 1990 Estimates of U.S. In Tables 1.1, 1.3, and U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Annual Energy Review (AER), Estimates of U.S. Wood Energy Estimates of U.S. Wood Energy of: conventional hydroelectricity net EIA, nts Report”; Form EIA-63A, “Annual use energy; wind electricity net generation eat rate—see Table A6); wood and wood- A-63B, “Annual Photovoltaic Cell/Module , Table ES1. • 1984: EIA estimate based on EIA, AER, Table 8.7c. Oregon Institute of Technology, Geo-Heat Center. , Table A2. • 1980–1983: EIA, , Table A2. • 1980 forward: EIA, Form EIA-457, Oregon Institute of Technology, Geo-Heat Center. EIA, AER, Tables 8.2d and A6. • 1989–2009: U.S. Energy Information Admin- 2009 forward: EIA, AER, Tables 8.2d and A6. • 1949–1979: EIA, • 1949–1979: EIA, U.S. Solar Market Insight: 2010 Year in Review. Residential Sector, Wood: Commercial Sector, Wind: Consumption from 1949 to 1981 A6), and geothermal heat pump and geothermal direct use energy; solar thermal and Commercial Sector, Solar/PV: 10.1, renewable energy consumption consists Research, Commercial Sector, Geothermal: Solar Thermal Collector Manufacturers Survey” (pre-2010 data); and SEIA/GTM Tables 8.2d and A6. “Annual Photovoltaic Cell/Module Shipme Shipments Report.” • 2010 and 2011: EIA estimates based on Form EIA-63B, electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table Manufacturers Survey,” and Form EI istration (EIA) estimates based on Form EIA-63A, “Annual Solar Thermal Collector generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat rate—see Table A6); geothermal Residential Sector, Solar/PV: Commercial Sector, Hydroelectric Power: Residential Sector, Geothermal: Table 10.2a Sources production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel). energy sources except biofuels (biofuels production comprises biomass inputs to the 10.1, renewable energy production is assumed to equal consumption for all renewable co-products from the production of fuel ethanol and biodiesel. In Tables 1.1, 1.2, and consumption; fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel consumption; and losses and sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and other biomass) derived fuels consumption; biomass waste (municipal solid waste from biogenic 457 and regional heating degree-day data. (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels h “Residential Energy Consumption Survey”; and EIA estimates based on Form EIA- rate—see Table A6), and solar thermal direct photovoltaic electricity net generation (converted to Btu using the fossil-fuels heat Note. Renewable Energy Production and Consumption. Commercial Sector, Wood: 300 Renewable Energy Consumption from 1949 to 1981 Wood Energy Consumption 1980-1983 the 1983 value. • 1985–1988: Values interpolated. • 1989 forward: EIA, AER, Table 8.7c; and EIA estimates based on Form EIA-871, “Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.” Commercial Sector, Biomass Waste:

321 11. Environment

322 2010 0.008 Biodiesel 2000 Real³ Gross Domestic Product 1990 0.043 Waste Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions 1980 0.073 Fuel Ethanol 1970 can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multi- 1960 0.186 Wood 1950 0 Metric tons of carbon dioxide Based on chained (2005) dollars. Sources: Tables 1.5, 11.1, and 11.2a-11.2e. 2 3 0.15 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.20 200 600 400 800 Billion Metric Tons Carbon Dioxide² Index 1949=100 plying by 12/44. By Biomass¹ Source, 2011 Economic Growth and Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 1949-2011 2010 Coal 2010 Petroleum Natural Gas 2000 2000 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 1 2.5 0.5 2.0 0.0 1.5 1.0 3.0 2 7 6 3 4 5 0 ¹ Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy consumption are excluded from total emissions. Billion Metric Tons Carbon Dioxide² Billion Metric Tons Carbon Dioxide² See Note, "Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Combustion," at end of section. By Major Source, 1949-2011 302 Total¹ 1949-2011 Figure 11.1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption

323 303 , g d d e in of 311 231 240 244 240 145 124 147 134 125 255 134 255 191 202 172 266 239 260 248 161 237 141 259 270 260 253 266 232 250 242 278 245 264 246 267 235 261 289 304 284 274 266 R R R Total 8 1 3 3 3 2 2 Bio- NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) diesel 1973 forward—EIA • 2 12 1 5 9 6 3 7 2 4 7 8 3 4 8 7 8 5 5 5 6 73 16 10 20 23 12 31 62 39 55 73 R Totals may not equal sum Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) • Ethanol Biomass 11 7 5 43 16 22 13 27 24 29 36 26 33 32 30 29 19 27 14 28 30 10 30 18 35 36 37 36 37 40 41 43 R NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Waste 10 186 240 125 161 202 134 242 251 217 188 252 191 234 134 147 235 212 208 252 252 145 232 231 208 172 124 218 188 208 222 205 229 222 140 212 199 200 186 187 191 194 197 177 R R R R Wood 2,9 2,914 5,759 5,622 4,896 4,982 5,867 5,575 5,067 5,682 5,838 5,185 5,501 2,685 5,314 5,258 5,857 3,462 5,975 5,481 4,437 4,383 4,600 4,613 4,964 4,642 4,261 4,764 4,846 4,770 4,406 4,608 4,705 5,093 4,996 5,039 2,382 2,207 6,020 5,919 5,806 5,997 5,429 5,612 R R R R R R Total See "Carbon Dioxide" in Glossary. • 918 820 Total 1,349 2,628 2,246 2,417 2,461 2,548 2,313 2,358 2,473 2,246 2,444 2,290 2,207 2,518 2,221 1,559 2,184 1,175 2,609 2,603 2,603 2,472 2,299 2,469 2,053 2,372 2,500 2,011 2,035 2,152 1,983 2,125 1,995 2,122 2,272 2,209 2,180 2,187 2,134 2,320 2,349 R 8 Tables 2.1b–2.1f, 5.12, 7.3, 7.8, 10.2a–10.2c, and A5. (May 2012), Tables 12.1 and 12.7. 45 65 38 26 25 98 98 93 93 80 97 85 141 138 117 132 119 125 130 127 118 130 140 114 124 114 132 142 150 127 148 116 106 103 139 106 115 142 117 127 135 111 120 R Other See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#environment for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#environment for all annual data beginnin 1949-1972—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates based on data • • Data are estimates for carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption, including th 86 91 96 • R 275 164 163 158 148 249 246 142 544 145 289 274 111 152 138 152 193 183 155 122 129 125 244 273 553 247 396 509 255 443 453 506 309 216 227 376 255 220 207 196 See http://www.eia.gov/environment/ for related information. • Fuel Oil Residual Wood and wood-derived fuels. Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, an Fuel ethanol minus denaturant. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide. Notes: Sources: Web Pages: 12 10 11 8 8 other biomass. annual data. Monthly Energy Review in 1949. Annual Energy Review non-combustion use of fossil fuels. components due to independent rounding. 29 75 79 84 63 62 88 93 89 50 13 92 39 94 76 75 74 78 87 94 98 60 48 48 48 55 52 47 51 56 46 49 48 41 67 74 66 77 105 105 104 Coke Petroleum 7 543 329 357 473 627 960 958 900 979 789 982 904 899 892 914 911 930 955 988 982 999 1,111 1,151 1,127 1,135 1,011 1,003 1,107 1,075 1,000 1,214 1,063 1,022 1,166 1,044 1,015 1,188 1,214 1,157 1,224 1,183 1,227 1,146 Motor R Gasoline 9 7 10 11 10 10 11 13 14 13 13 13 13 13 12 14 12 14 11 13 13 12 13 13 11 15 12 14 12 11 13 11 13 13 12 12 12 12 11 10 12 12 11 cants Lubri- Petroleum 6 42 13 16 57 27 92 82 83 83 86 85 86 91 87 88 78 85 83 85 94 82 92 82 95 75 85 85 71 77 78 76 95 79 69 84 89 98 93 94 91 98 94 R 102 ) 1 LPG U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2 7 2 9 8 6 8 7 6 7 5 6 3 8 3 41 42 48 40 48 14 19 14 24 10 39 13 26 12 11 19 17 28 19 26 10 11 17 25 10 15 24 10 sene Kero- 53 87 21 209 243 148 153 218 156 238 213 154 141 172 232 152 246 178 231 147 144 226 224 191 215 254 234 212 146 215 222 223 202 157 245 240 204 240 238 237 210 Jet R Fuel NA NA 5 291 330 247 140 168 596 534 473 415 514 610 418 538 555 487 464 533 443 443 446 498 470 463 439 524 491 615 580 520 445 598 394 492 488 453 640 454 652 648 564 632 587 590 R Distillate Fuel Oil 2 5 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 7 3 4 2 4 5 3 3 5 3 5 3 2 2 5 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 24 14 15 12 Aviation Gasoline 4 650 313 920 963 926 962 472 962 866 270 828 901 1,296 1,047 1,022 1,050 1,175 1,184 1,134 1,068 1,205 1,241 1,243 1,082 1,047 1,025 1,191 1,110 1,211 1,085 1,144 1,036 1,063 1,192 1,189 1,187 1,046 1,227 1,158 1,233 1,222 1,195 1,265 Gas Natural R R R R R R 3 915 1,988 1,874 2,147 2,040 1,298 1,876 2,088 2,160 2,064 1,598 1,995 1,638 2,182 1,300 1,118 1,617 1,266 2,062 1,075 1,433 1,436 1,488 1,410 2,139 1,485 1,913 1,691 1,775 2,136 1,181 1,152 1,893 1,795 1,134 1,821 1,822 2,172 1,038 1,807 2,095 2,155 1,882 Coal R P Aviation gasoline blending components, crude oil, motor gasoline blending components, pentanes Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy consumption are excluded from total emissions in this Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Liquefied petroleum gases. Includes electric power sector use of geothermal energy and non-biomass waste. See Table 11.3e. Finished motor gasoline, excluding fuel ethanol. Includes coal coke net imports. Natural gas, excluding supplemental gaseous fuels. Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. 8 6 1 3 2 4 9 5 7 able 11.1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption by Source, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 970 955 990 999 987 007 976 011 983 981 010 002 980 984 991 006 997 965 993 982 992 985 001 979 004 960 etroleum products. 978 005 995 lus, petrochemical feedstocks, special naphthas, still gas, unfinished oils, waxes, and miscellaneous 2/44. 950 988 996 998 003 977 975 949 009 994 989 986 000 008 ection. (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide able. See Note, "Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Combustion," at end of t p 1 p 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 s 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 T 1

324 2010 2010 Coal³ Coal Petroleum Petroleum Natural Gas Retail Electricity¹ 2000 2000 Natural Gas 1990 1990 to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multi- 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 0 250 750 500 500 Includes coal coke net imports. Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted Source: Tables 11.2a-11.2e. 3 2 1,500 1,000 2,500 1,000 2,000 Industrial, by Major Source Million Metric Tons Carbon Dioxide² Million Metric Tons Carbon Dioxide² plying by 12/44. Electric Power, by Major Source 2010 2010 Petroleum Petroleum Natural Gas Natural Gas 2000 2000 Retail Electricity¹ U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1990 1990 total electricity retail sales (see Tables 8.9 ectric power sector are allocated to the end- 1980 1980 1970 1970 1960 1960 1950 1950 0 0 250 500 750 500 1,250 1,000 1,500 1,750 2,000 1,500 2,000 1,000 2,500 Emissions from energy consumption in the el 1 Million Metric Tons Carbon Dioxide² Million Metric Tons Carbon Dioxide² and 11.2e). use sectors in proportion to each sector’s share of Residential and Commercial, by Major Source 304 Transportation, by Major Source Figure 11.2 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption by Sector, 1949-2011

325 305 y g d n in 6 38 36 39 36 40 45 80 37 54 40 38 49 68 95 38 60 40 80 42 44 51 38 92 51 40 36 39 57 99 49 86 85 35 59 82 91 52 73 86 94 40 91 58 R R Total See "Carbo • Monthly Energ 2 Biomass 6 38 36 39 36 40 38 49 82 99 40 85 92 40 44 38 86 80 51 42 60 94 95 91 54 57 36 91 49 68 40 38 52 39 37 35 80 86 45 59 51 40 58 73 R R Wood 1973 forward—EIA, • 2 963 833 436 982 867 913 644 542 934 909 981 873 938 911 867 878 935 905 918 980 902 321 350 1,203 1,212 1,241 1,162 1,230 1,099 1,090 1,032 1,261 1,122 1,228 1,172 1,185 1,229 1,159 1,040 1,097 1,005 1,039 1,192 Total R R R 5 69 66 875 827 835 522 667 805 156 484 442 710 847 110 518 478 553 609 355 625 529 762 856 558 496 542 897 419 624 581 805 223 531 624 633 668 878 869 897 719 759 819 678 R Retail Electricity Tables 2.1b, 5.14a, 8.9, 10.2a, and 11.2e. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#environment for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#environment for all annual data beginnin 1949-1972—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates based on data • • 78 78 99 97 81 98 87 99 91 95 96 85 85 95 80 Data are estimates for carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption. • R 101 111 102 176 150 109 119 108 101 102 186 192 191 109 109 160 106 127 101 106 194 104 117 100 106 115 124 174 See http://www.eia.gov/environment/ for related information. • Total (May 2012), Tables 12.2 and 12.7. Wood and wood-derived fuels. 6 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Notes: Web Pages: Sources: in 1949. Annual Energy Review annual data. Dioxide" in Glossary. Review 9 7 33 33 34 33 32 19 13 22 21 34 24 18 35 32 20 22 27 31 20 32 22 19 24 35 22 35 29 24 28 18 35 30 25 34 19 33 33 25 32 23 24 R Liquefied Petroleum Gases Petroleum 2 1 4 8 7 5 9 5 2 7 5 6 2 5 8 9 3 5 5 6 7 6 7 5 8 6 5 8 6 26 21 12 27 10 22 11 10 12 11 24 12 13 25 ) 1 Kerosene U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 4 43 43 63 84 87 64 68 51 44 66 49 96 53 77 52 68 80 56 62 70 80 68 81 66 71 85 87 61 85 61 66 72 68 66 72 R 125 146 132 145 119 115 137 143 Distillate Fuel Oil 3 66 55 256 265 259 260 271 214 256 248 255 265 251 257 284 117 266 276 259 234 273 269 234 238 270 264 250 263 241 261 170 259 262 247 247 264 238 257 237 268 263 266 245 R R Gas Natural 1 6 4 5 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 4 4 5 6 1 2 1 4 1 2 4 3 1 4 2 1 3 3 3 2 1 2 1 1 3 2 83 34 56 20 121 120 Coal P Emissions from energy consumption (for electricity and a small amount of useful thermal output) in the Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy consumption are excluded from total emissions in this Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. Natural gas, excluding supplemental gaseous fuels. 3 4 2 5 1 able 11.2a Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Residential Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 970 950 009 007 005 955 978 980 001 990 985 977 960 000 010 965 986 004 lectricity retail sales. See Tables 8.9 and 11.2e. 996 994 lectric power sector are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to each sector’s share of total 987 976 982 992 003 008 975 993 949 983 011 998 006 988 999 979 995 981 2/44. 989 002 991 997 984 ection. (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide able. See Note, "Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Combustion," at end of 2 t 1 s 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 e 1 e 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 T 1

326 y g d d n in 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 3 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 Total See "Carbo • Monthly Energ 10 Fuel 2 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Ethanol 9 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 1 3 2 3 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 Biomass NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973 forward—EIA, Waste • 8 2 1 1 7 7 7 6 6 2 6 1 7 7 2 7 1 2 3 1 2 7 1 7 7 7 3 1 3 2 7 2 6 7 6 7 1 1 6 2 7 7 7 6 Wood 2 648 627 534 583 661 947 645 665 711 671 819 794 736 796 662 704 793 794 772 663 883 387 851 833 704 280 281 312 297 992 960 926 1,026 1,027 1,078 1,074 1,036 1,054 1,027 1,043 1,022 1,008 1,069 Total R R R 7 88 58 63 805 850 796 816 380 797 395 381 785 333 783 268 842 358 724 861 836 487 605 567 559 439 412 643 431 177 567 432 509 461 593 566 620 534 480 124 795 767 735 686 Retail Electricity Tables 2.1c, 5.14a, 8.9, 10.2a, and 11.2e. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#environment for updated monthly an • 49 46 59 58 51 55 58 57 47 48 49 57 85 90 83 56 73 77 85 68 79 76 83 81 98 65 60 60 93 82 55 66 52 49 51 54 (May 2012), Tables 12.3 and 12.7, and MER data system calculations. See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#environment for all annual data beginnin 1949-1972—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates based on data R 119 110 111 102 115 100 106 • • Total Data are estimates for carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption. • See http://www.eia.gov/environment/ for related information. • Fuel ethanol minus denaturant. Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, an 9 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide. Notes: Sources: Web Pages: 6 9 7 9 6 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 9 6 10 R 10 18 46 44 21 21 21 45 31 40 39 18 15 33 56 17 42 14 14 11 18 23 11 16 51 28 33 38 44 in 1949. annual data. Annual Energy Review Dioxide" in Glossary. other biomass. Review (MER) Fuel Oil Residual 0 0 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Coke Petroleum 6 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 3 4 3 6 6 7 6 7 2 8 8 8 2 2 7 7 7 6 8 3 8 6 8 2 7 8 7 1 7 9 5 7 5 Motor Petroleum Gasoline ) 1 5 9 9 8 8 9 7 8 9 9 9 7 7 6 7 6 8 6 7 5 9 6 5 8 8 6 9 9 6 7 6 7 5 8 9 6 6 5 3 2 2 10 10 10 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 LPG 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 4 3 2 1 2 3 2 1 2 6 1 1 1 8 3 4 2 4 4 2 4 2 5 2 4 3 3 4 3 4 (s) (s) (s) (s) Kerosene 4 30 29 36 28 27 31 33 35 37 30 32 30 54 32 36 48 38 35 32 43 49 46 43 37 43 37 33 38 44 39 42 32 49 44 46 35 34 48 39 16 28 36 19 R Distillate Fuel Oil 3 56 35 79 21 19 164 173 154 173 164 164 169 163 171 168 170 171 165 171 140 132 164 155 141 132 170 141 135 132 157 148 145 148 136 136 142 150 174 137 131 144 126 152 R R Gas Natural 6 9 9 9 7 9 9 7 6 8 6 5 R 12 16 12 11 14 15 13 12 11 16 76 15 11 11 16 12 14 11 10 10 39 25 14 11 13 14 11 12 13 148 147 Coal P Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Emissions from energy consumption (for electricity and a small amount of useful thermal output) in the Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy consumption are excluded from total emissions in this Liquefied petroleum gases. Finished motor gasoline, excluding fuel ethanol. Natural gas, excluding supplemental gaseous fuels. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. 5 4 6 3 7 2 8 1 able 11.2b Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Commercial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 002 970 982 2/44. 009 980 976 981 991 995 978 997 998 993 011 999 960 004 lectric power sector are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to each sector’s share of total lectricity retail sales. See Tables 8.9 and 11.2e. 003 965 983 005 990 994 950 008 977 996 975 000 010 949 984 988 989 986 987 001 006 007 992 985 955 979 ection. (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide able. See Note, "Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Combustion," at end of 2 2 1 1 1 e 1 e 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 t 2 1 s 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 306

327 307 y g d d e ic in of 64 50 96 44 59 80 150 131 114 120 100 132 167 160 147 168 141 160 165 147 170 161 143 171 150 150 166 172 170 148 161 168 156 149 161 140 144 151 140 151 139 146 128 R Total 11 Monthly Energ 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Ethanol 10 9 9 7 8 5 Biomass 11 14 11 12 13 10 11 11 12 12 10 12 12 17 13 10 19 16 16 12 12 13 13 14 13 15 Totals may not equal sum • NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Waste 9 1973 forward—EIA, • 44 80 96 64 59 50 153 135 132 155 142 152 151 162 148 157 136 159 139 158 114 149 148 152 150 120 137 132 135 154 128 150 150 131 100 123 138 138 126 131 132 122 113 R R R Wood 2 995 1,566 1,617 1,520 1,648 1,788 1,575 1,653 1,709 1,696 1,724 1,715 1,486 1,772 1,745 1,677 1,743 1,795 1,675 1,695 1,692 1,796 1,815 1,715 1,095 1,515 1,759 1,553 1,308 1,281 1,811 1,401 1,860 1,797 1,931 1,482 1,846 1,661 1,732 1,494 1,685 1,662 1,599 Total R R R R R R 8 566 583 582 694 490 627 659 673 667 649 719 549 672 678 611 638 638 655 706 587 704 668 597 642 222 140 434 252 529 120 328 654 662 675 650 549 551 582 601 612 567 580 587 R Elec- Retail tricity See "Carbon Dioxide" in Glossary. • 394 373 369 360 380 369 386 381 365 355 362 371 342 381 394 417 378 368 395 366 427 370 377 408 376 299 209 410 239 390 329 415 388 430 419 474 339 480 513 540 345 506 352 R Total Tables 2.1d, 5.14b, 8.9, 10.2b, and 11.2e. 7 93 98 97 98 93 80 38 45 65 26 85 25 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#environment for updated monthly an 106 117 125 118 127 140 114 132 117 132 141 119 124 138 114 106 130 135 130 150 148 142 127 111 103 139 115 142 116 127 120 • R (May 2012), Tables 12.4 and 12.7, and MER data system calculations. See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#environment for all annual data beginnin 1949-1972—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates based on data Other • • Data are estimates for carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption, including th • See http://www.eia.gov/environment/ for related information. • 7 8 8 57 68 57 15 31 21 20 14 33 45 24 24 16 31 31 28 24 14 17 42 61 83 14 81 95 17 16 13 13 Fuel ethanol minus denaturant. Wood and wood-derived fuels. Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, an 117 141 150 128 105 126 123 123 122 110 133 9 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 and greater than -0.5 million metr Sources: Web Pages: Notes: 10 11 Fuel Oil Residual other biomass. non-combustion use of fossil fuels. tons of carbon dioxide. Annual Energy Review annual data. in 1949. Review (MER) components due to independent rounding. 8 8 54 55 50 70 80 59 68 67 67 68 60 81 76 64 77 63 48 48 61 77 70 74 47 76 47 73 48 52 47 45 39 39 29 13 62 76 82 80 82 48 62 Coke Petroleum 6 8 11 15 15 25 14 21 14 15 16 14 11 14 14 14 13 13 14 23 11 14 15 11 17 17 15 21 18 11 10 27 24 16 24 14 11 18 26 21 26 22 13 19 R Motor Petroleum Gasoline 6 6 6 7 6 7 7 6 6 7 7 6 6 7 6 7 6 7 7 7 6 7 6 6 6 5 3 4 7 8 4 7 6 6 3 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 6 ) cants Lubri- 1 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5 4 3 56 55 58 62 46 45 53 56 51 48 49 43 39 39 48 39 54 39 45 50 49 46 42 41 46 58 31 66 17 10 40 60 24 61 48 56 54 54 55 40 50 R LPG 3 5 3 2 2 1 9 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 9 8 1 2 2 1 1 R 20 12 10 12 18 13 17 13 10 13 11 (s) (s) (s) sene Kero- 4 72 95 74 51 83 81 41 80 87 84 96 83 89 81 84 79 92 83 83 81 82 93 97 95 83 86 81 88 86 87 82 88 88 88 88 92 92 86 R 111 101 128 125 127 Distillate Fuel Oil 3 364 184 347 338 380 310 166 494 453 244 431 422 380 360 383 430 456 481 495 389 439 506 439 398 371 442 474 447 442 407 506 411 432 464 465 490 419 442 401 405 448 395 432 R R R R R Gas Natural 3 4 8 7 5 2 7 5 3 7 7 1 1 3 7 1 7 7 6 2 5 3 5 3 1 -4 -7 -2 -1 -2 -3 -1 -2 -2 -1 -1 -2 -2 -1 16 14 Net Coal (s) (s) Coke Imports 183 188 211 191 304 190 418 227 316 329 230 500 208 175 335 471 233 256 233 235 131 289 204 259 235 179 248 244 336 224 219 531 290 427 516 258 235 262 263 168 245 154 150 R Coal P Emissions from energy consumption (for electricity and a small amount of useful thermal output) in the Aviation gasoline blending components, crude oil, motor gasoline blending components, pentanes Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy consumption are excluded from total emissions in this Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Natural gas, excluding supplemental gaseous fuels. Finished motor gasoline, excluding fuel ethanol. Liquefied petroleum gases. Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. 7 1 2 3 4 8 5 6 able 11.2c Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 998 960 979 006 996 989 987 984 011 978 980 999 992 977 965 005 995 982 000 001 976 993 004 985 970 003 988 002 008 983 994 2/44. 991 981 975 lectricity retail sales. See Tables 8.9 and 11.2e. lectric power sector are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to each sector’s share of total 990 955 010 007 997 949 009 986 950 etroleum products. lus, petrochemical feedstocks, special naphthas, still gas, unfinished oils, waxes, and miscellaneous ection. (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide able. See Note, "Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Combustion," at end of 2 2 p e s e p t 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 T 1 2

328 y g d e al in of 8 7 1 5 8 4 3 5 2 5 5 6 7 4 5 8 9 6 3 10 12 20 16 74 41 57 80 33 23 64 R R (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Total Monthly Energ 2 8 1 2 3 3 3 2 (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Biodiesel Biomass 8 Totals may not equal sum • 8 5 4 5 6 7 5 6 8 1 2 3 5 7 4 5 3 9 8 54 16 10 22 30 11 20 71 38 61 71 R (s) Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973 forward—EIA, • Ethanol 2 751 878 640 611 687 1,611 1,937 1,852 2,022 1,828 1,725 1,872 1,845 1,899 1,962 2,040 1,647 1,782 1,892 1,991 1,681 1,744 1,400 1,591 1,390 1,588 1,519 1,385 1,454 1,354 1,421 1,579 1,472 1,592 1,568 1,359 1,464 1,136 1,406 1,354 1,292 1,879 1,860 Total R R 7 3 4 5 5 4 3 3 5 3 3 3 3 5 4 5 4 5 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 5 2 2 2 2 2 2 6 5 5 6 Elec- Retail tricity See "Carbon Dioxide" in Glossary. • 723 481 847 629 443 Total 1,607 1,813 1,789 1,743 1,683 1,851 1,895 1,833 1,574 1,802 1,999 1,861 1,984 1,926 1,639 1,953 1,699 1,363 1,542 1,487 1,330 1,532 1,443 1,420 1,358 1,319 1,548 1,554 1,433 1,556 1,391 1,348 1,818 1,258 1,093 1,322 1,375 1,836 R Tables 2.1e, 5.14c, 8.9, 10.2b, and 11.2e. See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#environment for updated monthly an 67 72 53 56 65 71 46 66 78 71 53 72 70 58 45 70 52 97 84 64 80 77 80 69 62 78 81 65 72 96 71 64 56 60 72 65 69 95 66 61 91 80 • R 110 (May 2012), Tables 12.5 and 12.7, and MER data system calculations. See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#environment for all annual data beginnin 1949-1972—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates based on data • • Fuel Oil Residual Data are estimates for carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption, including th • See http://www.eia.gov/environment/ for related information. • 6 Beginning in 1978, the small amounts of coal consumed for transportation are reported as industri 9 Notes: Web Pages: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide. Sources: 981 959 881 908 979 876 979 895 888 991 936 941 881 967 962 763 933 958 889 511 332 597 439 306 Review (MER) Annual Energy Review non-combustion use of fossil fuels. in 1949. annual data. sector consumption. components due to independent rounding. 1,029 1,121 1,194 1,201 1,161 1,158 1,185 1,007 1,090 1,186 1,115 1,000 1,146 1,127 1,047 1,089 1,057 1,137 1,124 Motor R Gasoline 7 7 6 6 7 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 6 6 5 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 5 6 6 5 6 6 5 5 6 6 5 4 6 Lubricants 5 Petroleum 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 2 3 3 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 2 1 (s) (s) LPG ) 1 53 87 21 234 212 222 172 240 240 243 209 153 218 231 238 155 153 246 238 224 237 223 215 148 191 178 156 202 213 254 226 232 245 147 215 141 145 143 149 204 210 Jet R Fuel U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 NA NA 4 35 65 80 30 58 387 327 204 278 444 235 263 440 244 394 295 366 352 378 342 232 430 213 472 414 204 196 270 212 265 269 469 213 216 434 307 268 115 155 167 182 404 425 R Distillate Fuel Oil 3 3 3 4 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 4 3 4 3 2 3 5 5 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 2 3 2 5 5 7 5 2 2 14 15 21 12 24 Aviation Gasoline 3 7 34 34 32 35 32 29 27 33 35 39 33 41 32 37 36 29 36 35 39 34 37 38 38 26 35 32 33 36 28 28 34 33 29 19 40 32 30 27 38 38 13 R R NA Gas Natural 1 7 1 39 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 161 146 (s) (s) (s) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Coal P Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy consumption are excluded from total emissions in this Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Emissions from energy consumption (for electricity and a small amount of useful thermal output) in the Natural gas, excluding supplemental gaseous fuels. Fuel ethanol minus denaturant. Finished motor gasoline, excluding fuel ethanol. Liquefied petroleum gases. Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. 2 6 8 7 3 5 1 4 able 11.2d Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 979 994 975 000 970 003 978 955 991 980 982 949 lectricity retail sales. See Tables 8.9 and 11.2e. 009 005 999 011 007 976 988 995 987 998 002 977 996 997 984 960 989 983 950 lectric power sector are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to each sector’s share of total 004 010 965 993 2/44. 990 006 008 001 985 986 981 992 ection. (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide able. See Note, "Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Combustion," at end of t 1 2 1 2 e 1 e 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 s 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 T 1 308

329 309 g d n w in 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 42 41 30 35 40 30 23 37 31 29 39 38 37 36 30 28 25 28 30 41 30 29 R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Total See "Carbo • 2 7 Monthly Energy Revie 24 24 15 15 23 17 21 11 17 21 20 17 24 22 17 17 16 20 19 13 21 17 R (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA Waste Biomass 6 9817 1 1 1 1 1 16 12 17 12 13 13 14 18 14 17 17 13 16 13 13 17 12 17 14 15 13 12 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Wood 1973 forward—EIA, • 2 278 424 250 535 730 2,166 2,101 2,288 1,442 1,351 1,481 2,271 2,159 2,426 2,310 2,359 1,551 2,319 2,374 1,244 2,204 1,448 2,417 2,192 1,960 2,352 1,059 2,273 2,033 1,521 1,919 1,843 1,613 1,758 1,544 1,505 1,944 1,830 1,826 1,588 1,831 1,619 1,680 Total 5 4 8 7 9 9 6 11 11 11 12 11 11 10 10 13 10 12 11 11 10 10 11 10 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Non- Tables 2.1f, 5.14c, and 10.2c. Waste Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Biomass • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#environment for updated monthly an • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#environment for all annual data beginnin 1949-1972—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates based on data • • Data are estimates for carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption. • See http://www.eia.gov/environment/ for related information. • (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (May 2012), Table 12.6 and MER data system calculations. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Geo- thermal Notes: Web Pages: Sources: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide. annual data. Annual Energy Review Dioxide" in Glossary. in 1949. (MER) other biomass. 25 33 37 43 37 91 98 75 40 33 97 57 79 55 34 56 86 90 99 79 84 61 66 95 123 273 248 306 173 313 166 102 100 105 102 123 121 134 258 207 114 101 102 Total 7 35 42 35 30 55 69 82 56 31 19 79 52 76 69 12 69 14 28 69 86 76 69 91 45 94 50 68 92 79 163 255 231 116 285 291 154 244 194 113 107 121 114 Fuel Oil Residual ) 1 Petroleum 1 2 8 1 1 8 2 5 3 1 8 1 1 3 1 1 7 1 14 10 11 25 15 17 22 14 13 23 18 16 10 18 11 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) NA NA NA NA NA Coke Petroleum 4 2 2 2 2 5 2 8 8 5 6 5 7 9 9 6 5 7 6 8 7 8 6 8 6 6 7 8 5 9 7 20 10 21 18 17 10 12 13 13 12 11 12 10 Distillate Fuel Oil 3 30 35 95 63 411 175 167 172 174 215 127 170 319 158 399 188 143 176 338 248 168 198 179 219 176 372 155 200 228 306 192 278 186 362 260 205 281 142 297 166 211 373 290 Gas Natural 206 911 324 396 546 962 187 960 824 678 Coal 1,718 1,570 1,242 1,959 1,427 1,797 1,519 1,492 1,182 1,836 1,828 1,954 1,357 1,752 1,741 1,927 1,639 1,943 1,548 1,890 1,367 1,548 1,987 1,180 1,828 1,931 1,318 1,137 1,984 1,661 1,870 1,633 1,056 P Carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy consumption are excluded from total emissions in this Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Wood and wood-derived fuels. Natural gas, excluding supplemental gaseous fuels. Municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels. Distillate fuel oil, excluding biodiesel. 5 7 4 6 3 1 2 able 11.2e Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Electric Power Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 977 986 955 007 997 993 976 001 949 004 010 980 983 995 991 988 000 975 979 990 987 008 970 985 006 989 011 992 994 982 978 960 002 003 965 984 996 998 950 009 981 005 999 2/44. ection. (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide able. See Note, "Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Combustion," at end of 2 s t 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 T 1

330 6 0.2 Animal Waste 2005 Rice Cultivation Industrial Processes¹ Enteric Fermentation 2000 8.3 Waste Management 1995 8.6 Sources Agricultural 1990 1985 12.1 Energy Sources 5 0 Emissions from passenger cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles, and other transport. Methane emitted as a product of digestion in animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, and 1980 Source: Table 11.3. 5 6 2 15 10 0 4 6 8 Million Metric Tons of Methane Million Metric Tons of Methane swine. By Source, 2009 Agricultural Sources by Major Type, 1980-2009 4 3 Coal Mining 2005 2005 Petroleum Systems Natural Gas Systems² Stationary Combustion U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2000 2000 1995 1995 1990 1990 5 1985 1985 Mobile Combustion 1980 0 1980 2 6 0 4 8 20 40 30 10 Chemical production, and iron and steel production. Petroleum production, refining, and distribution. Natural gas production, processing, and distribution. Consumption of coal, petroleum, natural gas, and wood for heat or electricity. 4 3 2 1 Million Metric Tons of Methane Million Metric Tons of Methane 310 Energy Sources by Type 1980-2009 Total, 1980-2009 Figure 11.3 Methane Emissions

331 n e 6 d al al ts 311 of re 5 28.82 29.47 28.97 29.49 28.62 28.87 29.34 29.34 28.64 28.27 27.14 27.64 28.87 26.43 26.03 26.76 28.97 27.54 29.24 26.77 26.46 29.31 28.26 25.97 26.53 30.90 29.77 30.75 29.82 30.78 Total 9 (April 2010)—se .18 .13 .15 .16 .16 .18 .15 .17 .18 .21 .23 .20 .18 .23 .21 .20 .24 .20 .22 .22 .17 .22 .20 .22 .21 .19 .19 .18 .20 0.17 Industrial Processes (2006 and revised 199 5 8.88 8.23 8.65 8.14 8.02 8.49 8.02 8.38 7.18 8.86 8.47 8.13 8.14 8.64 8.79 8.08 8.03 8.16 8.40 8.02 8.05 8.28 8.25 8.49 8.16 7.62 7.69 7.96 7.95 8.23 Total Totals may not equal sum of componen • .04 .05 .04 .05 .04 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .06 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .05 .04 Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the Unite 0.04 Crop Burning Residue .40 .41 .47 .34 .54 .33 .36 .31 .38 .43 .39 .44 .47 .47 .47 .44 .45 .50 .43 .46 .41 .45 .44 .39 .41 .48 .45 .40 .40 0.48 Rice Cultivation 8 Agricultural Sources 2.56 2.60 2.63 2.51 2.73 2.60 2.68 2.56 1.68 1.98 1.84 1.97 2.00 1.97 2.02 1.96 1.99 2.25 1.91 2.37 2.18 2.33 1.84 2.24 1.59 1.81 1.64 2.87 1.73 1.68 Animal Waste 7 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2008 5.46 5.27 5.10 5.33 5.13 5.56 5.08 5.50 5.08 5.96 5.77 5.54 5.72 5.80 5.80 5.95 5.64 5.71 5.53 5.65 5.61 5.60 5.93 5.62 5.58 5.77 5.77 5.61 5.90 5.47 Under certain conditions, methane may be produced via anaerobic decomposition Enteric tation Fermen- • (March 2011), Tables 17–21; and EIA estimates based on the Intergovernmental Panel o 5 9.61 7.09 8.31 6.88 7.51 6.70 7.83 8.47 7.03 7.25 6.98 7.27 6.64 9.19 8.02 11.21 11.32 11.31 11.20 11.17 11.20 11.33 11.22 11.13 11.04 10.93 10.79 10.54 11.23 10.23 Total Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/environment/. Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), organic materials in landfills, animal wastes, and rice paddies. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/usinventoryreport.html. Protection Agency’s States 2009 Climate Change’s guidelines)—see http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gl/invs6.html; and the U.S. Environment activity and domestic livestock. Emissions from natural sources, such as wetlands and wild animals, a not included. due to independent rounding. "Anthropogenic" means produced as the result of human activities, including emissions from agricultur 6 .69 .54 .67 .68 .54 .66 .53 .67 .70 .93 .91 .98 .96 .95 1.05 1.05 1.02 1.03 1.05 1.12 1.10 1.07 1.06 1.06 1.08 1.11 1.01 0.52 1.12 1.00 water Waste- Treatment Waste Management 8.62 6.90 6.21 5.97 5.58 7.19 6.40 5.93 9.58 8.19 9.84 6.02 5.65 9.25 7.45 6.80 5.80 6.18 10.63 10.69 10.68 10.51 10.63 10.53 10.67 10.65 10.43 10.00 10.31 10.52 Landfills 5 9.46 9.85 9.95 9.79 8.55 9.48 8.76 9.01 8.20 10.15 11.27 11.20 11.20 11.20 11.08 11.19 11.05 11.08 12.12 11.97 11.11 11.42 11.43 11.98 11.34 11.15 11.72 11.11 11.97 11.16 Total 4 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 .48 .46 .48 .46 .46 .43 .46 .48 .45 .37 .30 .33 .33 .31 .32 .31 .31 .31 .30 .37 .31 .38 .33 .36 .30 .36 .35 .30 .35 0.45 Com- bustion Stationary Emissions are from anthropogenic sources. • 3 .25 .25 .25 .27 .26 .26 .27 .27 .27 .20 .11 .11 .20 .14 .15 .20 .16 .19 .21 .19 .17 .20 .22 .12 .20 .13 .18 .12 .14 0.28 Com- Mobile bustion 2 .96 .88 .90 .92 .94 .91 Energy Sources 1.14 1.31 1.04 1.03 1.02 1.16 1.14 1.11 1.26 1.30 1.03 1.17 1.21 1.01 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Systems Petroleum 1 5.02 6.91 5.14 7.32 5.46 7.00 6.47 5.04 6.17 5.11 6.45 5.78 6.93 5.04 5.00 6.77 5.29 6.00 6.86 7.26 6.59 6.07 6.47 6.03 6.90 5.16 6.20 4.42 6.08 7.37 Gas Natural Systems Data for this table are not available for 2010. 3.02 3.29 2.86 2.98 2.97 3.73 2.81 3.11 2.79 4.07 3.94 2.84 3.23 3.44 3.31 3.29 4.09 4.05 3.35 3.89 3.96 2.86 3.30 3.06 2.79 3.28 3.61 4.01 2.81 3.28 Coal • Mining Estimation methods for 1990 forward reflect a shift in waste management away from liquid systems to Natural gas production, processing, and distribution; processing is not included in 1980 and is 1980–1983, domestic wastewater only; 1984 forward, industrial and domestic wastewater. Chemical production, and iron and steel production. Methane emitted as a product of digestion in animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, and swine. See notes on components for specific coverage, which is inconsistent prior to 1990 in some cases. Petroleum production, refining, and distribution. Consumption of coal, petroleum, natural gas, and wood for heat or electricity. Emissions from passenger cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles, and other transport. 7 4 5 2 6 9 3 1 8 NA=Not available. Notes: able 11.3 Methane Emissions, 1980-2009 Year 982 980 004 002 993 991 992 981 008 007 003 985 984 986 999 983 998 987 997 000 009 996 988 005 001 995 989 ry-lot systems, thus lowering emissions. 994 990 006 (Million Metric Tons of Methane) ncompletely covered in 1981–1989. i 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 d 1 T 2

332 18 2005 Waste Management Nitrogen Fertilization of Soils 2000 36 Solid Waste of Domesticated Animals Industrial Processes¹ 1995 143 Energy Sources 1990 1985 540 Sources Agricultural 1980 0 0 Consumption of coal, petroleum, natural gas, and wood for heat or electricity. Source: Table 11.4. 3 800 600 400 200 600 200 400 Thousand Metric Tons of Nitrous Oxide Thousand Metric Tons of Nitrous Oxide By Source, 2009 Agricultural Sources by Major Type, 1980-2009 2005 2005 Mobile Combustion² Stationary Combustion³ U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2000 2000 1995 1995 1990 1990 1985 1985 1980 0 1980 50 0.0 0.9 0.6 0.3 150 200 100 Emissions from passenger cars and trucks; air, rail, and marine transportation; and farm and Adipic acid production (primarily for the manufacture of nylon fibers and plastics) and nitric 2 1 Thousand Metric Tons of Nitrous Oxide Million Metric Tons of Nitrous Oxide acid production (primarily for fertilizers). construction equipment. Total, 1980-2009 312 Energy Sources by Type, 1980-2009 Figure 11.4 Nitrous Oxide Emissions

333 e e d ’s 313 te 652 752 711 750 767 750 669 797 738 731 808 793 694 751 713 706 708 770 744 745 617 737 764 614 642 748 641 662 661 743 Total (April 2010)—se 3 57 98 45 72 95 41 46 50 56 46 90 56 45 47 86 45 84 79 95 96 88 36 80 87 88 98 115 100 110 110 Industrial Processes (2006 and revised 1996 guidelines)—se 541 474 494 508 493 544 492 517 487 530 532 484 477 400 487 402 407 485 401 526 440 431 413 414 497 419 540 440 512 499 Total Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the Unite 69 70 71 71 68 69 69 71 68 70 69 70 70 71 71 71 69 68 71 69 75 74 66 74 66 75 74 66 70 73 Animals Solid Waste of Domesticated 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 Agricultural Sources Crop Burning Residue Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. • (March 2011), Table 22; and EIA estimates based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Clima Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories 446 423 405 329 422 462 403 468 336 328 417 329 412 471 414 439 457 421 455 418 429 344 355 337 339 364 468 432 445 364 of Soils Nitrogen Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/environment/. Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Fertilization Change’s Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2008 http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/usinventoryreport.html. States 2009 http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gl/invs6.html; and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency not included. 16 16 13 15 16 16 17 15 17 14 15 12 17 17 15 13 17 13 15 16 18 14 11 14 11 12 13 11 11 11 Total 15 12 12 15 15 13 16 16 15 15 11 14 12 13 16 14 13 15 16 14 10 10 11 11 11 10 13 13 12 16 Human Sewage in Wastewater Waste Management 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Waste Combustion Emissions are from anthropogenic sources. • 159 175 179 178 151 168 167 180 175 174 152 166 159 166 152 185 148 162 195 165 132 104 106 143 139 108 114 135 143 143 Total 2 51 52 51 51 48 48 51 49 52 48 45 53 51 49 51 51 46 52 53 51 44 43 45 46 42 46 47 46 44 47 Stationary Combustion Energy Sources 1 67 88 97 93 60 98 63 86 71 96 115 109 120 125 128 122 106 129 100 114 146 124 126 117 104 138 101 107 114 107 Mobile Data for this table are not available for 2010. • Combustion Adipic acid production (primarily for the manufacture of nylon fibers and plastics), and nitric acid Emissions from passenger cars and trucks; air, rail, and marine transportation; and farm and Consumption of coal, petroleum, natural gas, and wood for heat or electricity. 3 2 1 Notes: able 11.4 Nitrous Oxide Emissions, 1980-2009 Year 990 004 002 003 roduction (primarily for fertilizers). 008 989 992 987 984 ctivity and domestic livestock. Emissions from natural sources, such as wetlands and wild animals, are 997 993 000 983 994 986 005 007 009 995 996 988 999 982 980 998 006 991 981 985 001 onstruction equipment. (Thousand Metric Tons of Nitrous Oxide) Anthropogenic" means produced as the result of human activities, including emissions from agricultural 1 2 1 1 2 p 2 1 1 1 2 1 " 1 a 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 c 1 T 2

334 2010 2005 2 2000 Total 1.8 Electric Industrial Sector Power Sector 1995 Million Metric Tons of Gas 1990 0.3 0.2 2 6 4 0 8 10 0.1 Million Metric Tons of Gas Nitrogen Oxides 01234 Nitrogen Oxides 2010 5.0 2005 2 Includes Commercial Sector. 2000 Sources: Tables 11.5a-11.5c. (s)=Less than 0.05 million metric tons. 2 Total Electric Industrial Sector Power Sector 1995 Million Metric Tons of Gas 1990 6 0 Emissions by Sector, 1989-2010 12 18 0.2 0.2 Million Metric Tons of Gas Sulfur Dioxide (s) 0123456 Sulfur Dioxide Emissions by Type of Generating Unit, 2010 e gas, propane gas, and other 2,400 2010 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1,874 e, tires, agricultural byproducts, and other fossil fuels; wood and wood-derived fuels; 1,800 2005 from non-biogenic sources; tire-derived fuel, and oxides: blast furnac 2 Total Electric 1,200 Power Sector 2000 Industrial Sector Million Metric Tons of Gas 600 462 1995 39 14 0 1990 Coal Other¹ 2.1 0.0 1.4 0.7 2.8 ¹ For carbon dioxide: municipal solid waste Petroleum Billion Metric Tons of Gas Carbon Dioxide Carbon Dioxide biomass; and chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, sulfur, and tar coal. municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge wast manufactured and waste gases derived from geothermal. For sulfur dioxide and nitrogen Natural Gas 314 Figure 11.5 Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output

335 al al 315 to 5,638 5,290 7,728 7,801 6,474 7,961 6,459 3,961 5,194 4,143 7,913 6,500 7,997 3,650 4,532 5,955 6,355 3,799 8,136 3,330 2,395 2,491 Total 7 93 250 287 241 119 234 238 240 124 233 124 122 217 113 268 232 222 245 242 225 225 236 Other 4 75 66 63 404 326 221 157 164 159 193 352 395 158 208 225 225 294 391 240 173 332 269 Petroleum Nitrogen Oxides 3 614 513 619 336 349 700 416 653 631 382 475 577 383 399 351 477 495 513 498 632 453 625 Gas Totals may not equal sum of components due Natural • 2 4,370 7,119 3,286 7,005 4,057 4,096 6,975 7,109 2,680 4,687 5,322 7,281 1,769 3,607 1,843 2,996 5,136 5,123 3,135 5,307 2,870 7,225 Coal 9,524 5,400 5,970 7,830 9,042 Total 11,904 13,464 12,843 11,174 10,340 15,030 12,991 13,480 14,472 10,646 15,342 15,493 10,881 10,309 15,462 14,966 12,314 R 7 39 300 289 265 288 321 237 246 219 298 303 279 239 227 227 251 223 243 271 264 225 304 Other 4 Data are for emissions from energy consumption for electricity generation and useful therm • See "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. • 933 851 876 250 984 210 633 422 217 826 717 773 937 794 427 856 587 965 704 1,002 1,162 1,101 Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. Sources: Tables 11.5b and 11.5c. Notes: R=Revised. Petroleum output. byproducts, and other biomass; and chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, sulfur, and tar coal. independent rounding. wood and wood-derived fuels; municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge waste, tires, agricultur Sulfur Dioxide 1 3 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 3 1 1 3 1 2 3 Gas Natural 2 9,499 4,961 9,786 5,535 8,389 7,351 8,867 9,437 9,905 9,688 Coal 10,669 12,211 14,281 11,188 14,060 14,240 11,811 13,843 11,453 12,012 13,398 14,469 R (Sum of Tables 11.5b and 11.5c; Thousand Metric Tons of Gas) Total 2,543,838 1,943,302 1,972,275 2,470,834 2,366,302 2,486,982 2,269,508 2,418,607 2,351,600 2,488,918 2,423,963 2,547,032 2,108,006 1,950,466 2,088,138 2,259,322 2,445,094 2,057,053 2,186,980 2,388,596 2,484,012 1,953,699 6 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 8,447 5,590 7,488 12,718 12,891 13,368 13,875 10,053 10,439 15,193 14,163 13,943 11,186 12,943 12,440 14,370 11,982 14,918 13,010 14,548 14,299 14,183 Non- Waste Biomass 5 1 372 381 363 371 375 376 384 384 362 381 374 353 377 415 374 391 400 398 360 386 329 381 Geo- thermal 4 38,793 67,769 77,032 41,474 93,497 96,638 67,988 84,024 47,855 91,110 Carbon Dioxide 117,086 117,196 115,726 102,844 108,407 119,580 111,351 108,164 123,542 115,677 145,399 112,065 Petroleum 3 Gas 345,119 233,852 363,526 248,149 367,112 293,139 404,278 343,090 378,950 432,206 434,536 276,308 367,146 218,384 298,601 238,084 383,461 250,411 461,723 419,599 327,456 277,856 Natural 2 Coal 1,894,211 1,887,335 2,028,614 1,573,566 1,812,022 1,781,278 2,029,804 1,973,597 1,592,395 2,001,806 1,687,623 1,720,062 1,858,944 1,989,580 1,986,100 1,617,034 1,592,186 2,001,085 1,873,813 1,938,613 1,920,901 1,697,416 Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels; Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Carbon dioxide in geothermal steam. Municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuel. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and synthetic coal. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. 4 7 5 1 6 3 2 able 11.5a Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: Year 995 991 996 007 002 003 994 990 000 999 998 006 993 997 989 992 001 005 004 2/44. 008 009 010 Total (All Sectors), 1989-2010 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 T 2

336 s e n to m ot or or or 5,040 5,836 5,357 7,480 5,754 5,866 7,544 7,282 7,343 7,476 5,894 7,717 4,652 4,528 3,585 3,717 4,082 3,374 3,259 2,990 2,159 2,080 Nitroge Total and Totals may n 7 • 96 42 47 95 46 49 36 98 96 25 98 111 109 103 104 103 107 101 112 124 128 135 Other See Table 11.5c f • 4 The electric power sect • Sulfur Dioxide 58 49 50 367 301 143 337 165 175 269 128 332 282 128 246 253 207 187 189 130 193 135 Petroleum Nitrogen Oxides 3 338 431 384 390 357 326 390 381 370 359 402 390 425 282 243 425 230 241 224 214 236 230 See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plants In • Gas Natural 2 4,225 4,965 4,535 6,777 4,974 6,886 5,144 6,996 6,878 5,157 6,749 3,878 7,055 3,496 3,051 3,813 2,578 1,688 1,751 2,902 3,183 2,781 See "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. Coal • U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates based on For 9,849 9,543 9,672 4,783 8,279 9,495 8,690 5,374 7,065 Total 10,872 14,218 12,321 13,373 13,882 11,722 14,227 12,205 11,779 11,189 13,946 14,633 10,041 R 7 8 9 9 8 5 7 8 9 45 16 11 36 10 42 13 34 32 12 37 15 13 13 Other Carbon Dioxide: 4 EIA estimates based on Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report" (and predecess 746 559 754 665 146 653 911 549 617 581 810 111 264 628 110 735 461 621 579 493 836 265 Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. Sources: Petroleum Monitoring System. commercial and industrial CHP and electricity-only data. Energy-Use Sectors," at end of Section 8. equal sum of components due to independent rounding. comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whos primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report" (and predecessor forms). forms). Data were adjusted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Continuous Emission Oxides: energy consumption for electricity generation and useful thermal output. Sulfur Dioxide 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 3 Gas Natural 2 5,253 9,071 4,662 9,106 8,416 8,002 8,991 9,281 6,909 9,255 Coal 10,081 11,515 13,576 10,573 11,373 11,129 13,133 12,695 13,375 13,590 13,815 10,843 R (Subset of Table 11.5a; Thousand Metric Tons of Gas) Total Data are for emissions from • 2,339,394 1,819,351 2,418,022 2,268,054 2,308,855 2,306,635 1,940,148 1,832,501 2,100,628 2,351,592 2,405,625 2,266,563 2,029,599 1,817,854 1,956,819 1,828,158 2,191,041 2,367,331 2,278,328 2,202,710 2,155,707 1,913,860 6 7,207 9,323 5,795 8,592 9,932 4,366 8,476 10,900 10,178 11,544 10,372 10,264 11,034 11,177 11,453 12,758 11,620 10,312 11,257 10,015 11,304 11,256 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Non- Waste Biomass 5 1 353 381 381 372 415 360 391 374 381 386 384 400 376 362 329 363 371 398 374 375 377 384 Geo- thermal 4 75,079 40,442 55,545 78,820 90,400 55,358 66,113 97,892 92,226 32,667 85,005 98,208 79,153 95,149 61,057 33,700 Carbon Dioxide 105,539 133,546 102,537 100,236 101,800 102,900 Petroleum 3 Gas 307,455 205,250 400,974 211,154 339,557 188,291 228,675 180,541 220,174 363,749 297,782 177,232 320,545 291,101 374,082 279,300 249,836 187,730 373,268 283,034 169,653 262,455 Natural 2 There are small differences in carbon dioxide emissions values between this table and Table • Coal 1,977,528 1,951,138 1,878,923 1,929,818 1,747,945 1,862,800 1,534,141 1,917,303 1,634,282 1,534,559 1,831,670 1,970,908 1,520,230 1,794,629 1,626,161 1,923,054 1,821,497 1,825,027 1,656,743 1,556,741 1,736,284 1,944,759 Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels; Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Carbon dioxide in geothermal steam. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuel. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and synthetic coal. 2 7 1 5 3 6 4 Notes: R=Revised. able 11.5b Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: ood and wood-derived fuels; municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge waste, tires, agricultural Year 005 994 993 998 003 004 992 006 990 yproducts, and other biomass; and chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, sulfur, and tar coal. 991 995 996 997 007 1.2e due to differences in the methodologies for calculating the data. 001 2/44. 000 010 008 009 002 999 989 Electric Power Sector, 1989-2010 2 b w 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 T 316

337 317 s y n al ts m or 17 21 21 21 24 24 44 45 50 64 45 48 65 65 57 50 54 49 66 38 39 40 300 403 435 416 277 461 425 429 294 404 587 533 556 557 541 558 541 618 322 376 362 346 Nitroge Total Totals ma • and 7 3 4 4 4 4 4 63 84 67 70 80 81 66 71 86 16 16 13 11 15 17 16 14 14 17 16 15 16 16 15 16 121 121 123 119 170 128 156 120 128 117 113 100 104 Other 4 Sulfur Dioxide 1 2 1 1 1 5 6 1 2 2 3 2 4 7 8 4 5 6 4 1 1 1 21 16 55 30 48 53 43 39 14 31 29 34 36 15 27 50 28 29 25 26 26 27 Petroleum Nitrogen Oxides 3 See Note 2, "Classification of Power Plan 6 3 7 7 6 8 • 20 20 19 35 16 16 34 24 38 35 28 23 18 14 14 13 107 100 110 223 181 187 228 234 110 114 108 110 108 155 231 116 215 238 117 157 129 134 Gas Natural 2 See "Useful Thermal Output" in Glossary. 9 9 9 8 8 9 9 8 9 8 7 9 • 10 93 73 85 10 10 13 10 12 13 11 10 10 75 95 79 86 218 231 215 233 148 155 102 144 206 219 138 154 218 219 154 Coal 45 43 36 36 35 44 48 35 46 37 35 43 51 45 42 47 36 35 42 33 27 27 U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates based on For 731 817 590 569 988 761 726 760 798 779 Total 1,057 1,049 1,166 1,163 1,199 1,099 1,041 1,080 1,090 1,223 1,085 1,080 7 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 3 1 4 4 4 6 2 7 32 217 210 303 224 214 230 268 243 229 267 261 262 248 257 259 251 248 217 218 227 241 (s) (s) (s) (s) Other Carbon Dioxide: 4 8 Data are for emissions from energy consumption for electricity generation and useful therm EIA estimates based on Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report" (and predecess • 9 See Table 11.5b for electric power sector data. 4 5 3 2 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 1 5 1 3 3 4 1 3 4 3 • 98 103 309 260 221 113 105 243 245 256 126 184 143 232 247 169 304 135 154 124 136 161 – =No data reported. (s)=Less than 0.5 thousand metric tons. Notes: Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. Petroleum Into Energy-Use Sectors," at end of Section 8. forms). Data were adjusted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Continuous Emission not equal sums of components due to independent rounding. Monitoring System. Oxides: EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report" (and predecessor forms). output. Sulfur Dioxide (Subset of Table 11.5a; Thousand Metric Tons of Gas) 3 1 1 Industrial Sector (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Commercial Sector Gas Natural 2 37 39 30 41 40 32 43 39 32 32 33 33 34 40 43 32 37 25 26 33 33 30 576 581 274 671 401 653 639 655 603 411 556 664 256 616 642 666 618 585 415 395 419 353 Coal 6,377 5,303 9,984 8,205 7,070 8,601 9,147 9,792 9,903 6,526 9,151 9,515 Total 10,006 11,518 10,387 10,752 10,565 10,817 10,665 10,149 10,437 10,958 142,040 111,596 151,315 103,651 132,704 146,815 152,840 106,675 126,086 136,484 134,988 128,944 127,971 147,175 139,390 149,601 109,842 140,650 136,771 127,826 127,341 119,218 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 6 804 959 571 624 546 420 693 640 505 562 719 577 734 783 319 225 763 779 824 798 1,258 1,897 1,706 2,081 1,946 1,285 1,520 1,953 1,292 1,014 1,635 1,418 2,063 1,462 1,684 2,023 2,277 2,084 2,008 1,962 1,145 1,609 1,703 1,044 Non- Waste Biomass 5 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Geo- thermal 4 740 683 509 616 920 654 474 716 206 363 742 637 706 534 839 310 445 759 571 829 245 544 7,529 5,920 7,103 Carbon Dioxide 12,185 17,043 14,570 11,860 15,466 17,148 11,216 17,074 17,010 11,719 13,457 17,701 15,440 17,186 13,173 17,377 17,174 15,659 13,791 Petroleum 3 3,722 3,916 4,070 3,800 3,589 4,035 2,287 4,369 2,294 3,315 4,654 3,701 4,707 4,093 3,686 4,280 3,222 2,787 4,535 4,605 4,639 1,542 55,255 54,326 67,460 54,031 57,467 62,598 65,413 56,110 58,805 68,237 52,261 75,887 68,311 61,035 72,914 76,100 57,632 65,856 47,188 61,431 71,765 59,216 Gas Natural 2 3,871 3,468 3,994 3,025 3,530 3,635 3,366 3,727 3,341 3,908 2,320 3,639 4,155 4,031 3,106 2,418 4,018 2,932 2,680 3,904 2,988 2,552 54,735 52,418 51,017 46,514 60,444 55,744 60,438 58,474 60,202 48,282 54,947 60,212 41,268 52,390 55,837 56,665 58,967 53,675 48,786 57,742 59,410 59,073 Coal Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels; Metric tons of carbon dioxide can be converted to metric tons of carbon equivalent by multiplying by Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants. Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only plants. Municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuel. Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other petroleum, and waste oil. Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and synthetic coal. Carbon dioxide in geothermal steam. 1 6 3 8 5 9 7 2 4 able 11.5c Emissions From Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output: ood and wood-derived fuels; municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge waste, tires, agricultural Year 993 995 009 009 998 990 003 yproducts, and other biomass; and chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, sulfur, and tar coal. 010 989 992 000 999 998 996 002 006 001 004 008 989 010 005 008 006 003 996 992 990 000 007 997 002 001 991 995 997 993 005 994 991 2/44. 007 999 994 004 Commercial and Industrial Sectors, 1989-2010 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 w 1 b 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 T 1

338 2010 Towers g 1 2005 Coolin Flue Gas Particulate Collectors Desulfurization¹ 2000 1995 75 Cooling Towers 1990 ed steam-electric capacity of 100 megawatts or Petroleum and Natural Gas Units 1985 0 80 20 40 60 Thousand Megawatts by Equipment Type, 1985-2010² Petroleum and Natural Gas Units 26 2010 Particulate Collectors 2005 Cooling Towers Particulate Collectors Source: Table 11.6. Note: • Components are not additive because some generators are included in more than 2000 greater, or combustible-renewable steam electric capacity of 10 megawatts or greater. operating or standby status, with fossil-fuel one category. Flue Gas Desulfurization¹ 1995 1990 185 1985 Flue Gas 0 300 200 100 400 Desulfurization¹ Thousand Megawatts 1985-2010² Coal Units by Equipment Type, U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 2010 mmercial plants, and industrial plants) in s with fossil-fueled steam-electric capacity of data are for electric utility and unregulated Coal Units 165 2005 Cooling Towers Cooling Towers Particulate Collectors 2000 Flue Gas Desulfurization¹ 1995 Equipment 329 1990 Particulate Collectors 0 1985 0 50 250 300 200 350 100 150 400 300 200 100 Also called “scrubbers.” Through 2000, data are for electric utility plant Thousand Megawatts Thousand Megawatts 2 1 generating plants (independent power producers, co 100 megawatts or greater. Beginning in 2001, 318 Total Units by Equipment Type, 1985-2010² By Fuel and Equipment Type, 2010 Figure 11.6 Installed Nameplate Capacity of Fossil-Fuel Steam-Electric Generators With Environmental

339 7 ), ic al 319 2 200 • NA Total 390,821 386,438 387,192 379,034 376,899 378,883 375,691 377,144 376,894 377,195 376,831 401,341 409,954 375,257 377,117 372,555 367,078 370,835 371,668 430,956 428,207 411,840 426,073 421,120 409,769 (January 2010 97,988 89,675 80,617 71,106 67,534 70,734 86,605 85,842 57,020 98,673 67,221 89,666 84,677 87,783 69,122 65,753 71,531 99,567 63,800 NA 167,517 186,266 119,024 140,223 101,492 101,648 Flue Gas 1 (Scrubbers) Desulfurization Total Electric Power Annual 2008 NA Towers 189,396 166,886 166,896 164,807 155,786 175,520 165,030 234,254 228,704 175,520 164,632 154,650 165,295 200,670 217,646 166,749 165,452 240,257 156,800 162,557 149,486 210,928 241,347 160,087 214,989 Cooling (November 2011), Table 3.10, and Form EIA-860, "Annu NA 360,762 355,782 355,599 358,009 352,154 355,407 349,319 358,342 345,839 354,407 359,338 352,068 350,808 351,180 352,910 347,655 344,474 342,825 351,790 355,517 353,365 338,110 351,198 352,727 353,480 1997-2005—EIA, Collectors Particulate • 2 61,634 55,764 98,946 55,812 57,123 56,485 54,942 55,275 58,580 57,697 59,116 81,450 59,773 81,493 58,937 62,371 98,756 59,736 58,783 72,008 93,066 59,618 96,984 59,372 83,307 NA Total Electric Power Annual 2010 1985-1996—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-767, "Steam-Electr • 65 65 65 65 65 65 184 195 310 346 285 310 346 310 310 260 1,049 NA – – – – – – – – Flue Gas (Scrubbers) Note: See "Cooling Tower," "Flue Gas Desulfurization," and "Particulate Collectors" in Glossary. Sources: Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/electricity/. Desulfurization Electric Generator Report." Table 3.10, and Form EIA-767, "Steam-Electric Plant Operation and Design Report." forward—EIA, Plant Operation and Design Report." 34,649 27,912 28,764 27,685 27,187 29,067 29,142 75,444 28,895 75,770 28,766 27,919 73,315 28,186 69,497 29,427 45,920 28,359 27,814 27,434 59,214 28,386 57,082 28,922 55,770 NA Towers Cooling Petroleum and Natural Gas 31,575 34,258 34,063 30,708 31,422 33,509 30,349 27,005 26,289 26,565 36,054 27,402 33,639 31,695 29,422 33,431 30,513 29,371 26,496 32,620 29,879 33,864 33,975 25,925 31,090 NA Collectors Particulate 2 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 NA Total 329,187 319,918 332,546 311,217 320,710 315,521 328,506 329,513 312,885 319,776 319,110 328,336 329,608 321,869 329,459 318,251 331,379 328,741 304,706 313,618 328,587 321,353 317,522 328,720 320,749 97,804 86,605 67,156 87,783 89,666 56,955 85,842 63,735 99,257 65,688 98,363 80,617 89,675 69,057 71,336 67,469 71,106 70,474 84,677 NA 101,182 139,877 185,217 118,739 101,338 167,172 Flue Gas (Scrubbers) Desulfurization (Megawatts) Coal NA Towers 154,747 137,266 136,266 146,093 165,030 146,377 155,158 165,795 126,731 131,701 157,968 138,108 158,493 139,082 161,234 129,366 127,875 135,565 154,750 120,591 135,885 134,199 159,388 138,120 139,065 Cooling NA 329,187 328,587 311,776 311,043 302,056 329,099 319,046 328,506 318,188 321,636 321,805 320,685 328,029 321,082 315,681 319,856 329,248 332,546 329,459 324,109 328,720 313,680 319,485 308,566 320,646 Collectors Particulate 3 Through 2000, data are for electric utility plants with fossil-fueled steam-electric capacity of 100 Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Components are not additive because some generators are included in more than one category. 3 2 1 NA=Not available. – =No data reported. able 11.6 Installed Nameplate Capacity of Fossil-Fuel Steam-Electric Generators With Environmental Equipment, egawatts or greater. Beginning in 2001, data are for electric utility and unregulated generating plants ith fossil-fueled steam-electric capacity of 10 megawatts or greater. Year 003 996 994 987 989 008 986 993 990 997 001 004 010 007 995 991 006 005 000 998 992 999 985 009 002 988 1985-2010 independent power producers, commercial plants, and industrial plants) in operating or standby status, 1 2 1 m 1 ( 1 w 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 T 1

340 2 emissions 2 emissions from 2 emissions within 2 reabsorbed in terrestrial sinks or that es of net changes in carbon stocks over at is not fully recaptured in subsequent emissions implicitly assumes that none of the emissions from biomass can potentially lead to 2 2 ing treatment. It is important, however, to avoid time. This indirect accounting of CO could result in an initial release of carbon th energy-related emissions. For example, the clearing of forests for biofuel crops gas inventories is to report biomass emissions in the category “agriculture, forestry, To reflect the potential net emissions, the international convention for greenhouse and other land use,” usually based on estimat use of the land for agriculture. biomass and energy-related CO energy and non-energy systems. In recognition of this issue, reporting of CO confusion in accounting for and understanding the flow of CO emissions from biomass combustion alongside other energy-related CO misinterpreting emissions from fossil energy and biomass energy sources as offers an alternative account necessarily additive. Instead, the combined total of direct CO carbon emitted was previously or subsequently other emissions sources offset any such sequestration. emissions reported in 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 . Energy inputs are required in order to creased use of biomass energy may result es for National Greenhouse Gas Inven- leading to a net positive release of carbon ssumed by its exclusion from reported ) emissions from the combustion of biomass to 2 m the total energy-related CO Section 11, but appear separately in Tables 11.1–11.2e. Carbon dioxide (CO . Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Biomass Energy Annual Energy Review into fuels.) produce energy are excluded fro Climate Change’s “2006 IPCC Guidelin According to current international convention (see the Intergovernmental Panel on the say that biomass energy is carbon-neutral grown, resulting in zero net emissions over some period of time. (This is not to reported energy-related emissions. The release of carbon from biomass combus- grow, fertilize, and harvest the feedstock and to produce and process the biomass tion is assumed to be balanced by the uptake of carbon when the feedstock is rather than the zero net release a However, analysts have debated whether in in a decline in terrestrial carbon stocks, tories”), carbon released through biomass combustion is excluded from Combustion. Note 320 Environment

341 321 4.620 5.825 5.253 5.150 5.150 4.620 6.636 6.000 5.248 5.355 5.048 5.825 4.326 6.000 4.130 6.024 5.418 5.825 3.836 3.082 6.287 6.636 3.308 5.248 3.974 5.670 5.670 5.418 5.537 5.796 6.065 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 ... 2 ... ... (Million Btu per Barrel) Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Products ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Naphtha less than 401° F Other Oils equal to or greater than 401° F Still Gas Conventional Reformulated Does not include biodiesel. See Table A3 for biodiesel heat contents. See Table A3 for motor gasoline weighted heat contents beginning in 1994, and for fuel ethanol heat Note: The values in this table are for gross heat contents. See “Heat Content” in Glossary. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#appendices. 1 Pentanes Plus Table A1. Petrochemical Feedstocks Motor Gasoline Still Gas Kerosene Butane Special Naphthas Distillate Fuel Oil Isobutane Road Oil Miscellaneous Asphalt Residual Fuel Oil Aviation Gasoline Waxes Natural Gasoline Propane Ethane Butane-Propane Mixture (60 percent-40 percent) Unfractionated Stream Jet Fuel, Naphtha-Type Oxygenated Plant Condensate Petroleum Coke Unfinished Oils Ethane-Propane Mixture (70 percent-30 percent) Lubricants Jet Fuel, Kerosene-Type 2 contents. Sources: See “Thermal Conversion Factor Source Documentation,” which follows Table A6. and Appendix A Annual Energy Review U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 year’s factor is used as the preliminary factors presented in Tables A2 through in the United States; net (or lower) heat British Thermal Unit Conversion Factors or cubic feet. For example, 10 barrels of the section entitled “Thermal Conversion opean energy calculations. The difference for each hydrocarbon included in the mix. British thermal units (Btu) of a given amount of energy Using Thermal Conversion Factors A6 are computed from final annual data, or are from the best available data and In general, the annual thermal conversion thermal conversion factor for propane. propane mixture, the thermal conversion factor for butane is weighted 1.5 times the For example, in calculating the thermal conversion factor for a 60-40 butane- Some fuels, such as unseasoned wood, can be more than 40 percent different in ages of the thermal conversion factors Thermal conversion factors for hydrocarbon mixes (Table A1) are weighted aver- (Btu)” in the Glossary for more information. their gross and net heat content rates. See “Heat Content” and “British thermal unit Factor Source Documentation,” which follows Table A6 in this appendix. 2 percent to 10 percent, depending on the specific fuel and its hydrogen content. that is created during the combustion process. Generally, the difference ranges from between the two rates is the amount of energy that is consumed to vaporize water source of each factor is described in content rates are typically used in Eur are commonly used in energy calculations value until data become available to calculate the factor appropriate to the year. The labeled “preliminary.” Often, the previous The heat content rates (i.e., thermal conversion factors) provided in this section million Btu per barrel = 66.36 million Btu). asphalt has a heat content of approximately 66.36 million Btu (10 barrels x 6.636 represent the gross (or higher or upper) energy content of the fuels. Gross heat measured in physical units, such as barrels content rates are applied in all Btu calculations for the mate the heat content in The thermal conversion factors presented in the following tables can be used to esti-

342 ta Total 5.672 5.622 5.746 5.840 5.850 5.688 5.762 5.800 5.752 5.857 5.820 5.833 5.821 5.823 5.724 5.820 5.740 5.858 5.738 5.658 5.832 5.777 5.808 5.692 5.779 5.797 5.779 5.745 5.750 5.743 5.766 5.748 5.754 5.699 5.810 5.736 5.743 5.814 5.768 5.720 5.734 5.834 5.832 R 5.670 5.619 5.765 5.726 5.860 5.749 5.742 5.739 5.864 5.839 5.819 5.842 5.867 5.811 5.684 5.762 5.687 5.728 5.800 5.869 5.747 5.751 5.829 5.741 5.751 5.838 5.740 5.837 5.743 5.753 5.827 5.841 5.777 5.723 5.737 5.796 5.651 5.710 5.777 5.835 5.774 5.814 5.651 R Exports Products Petroleum 1 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 Crude Oil See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#appendices for all annual da • Total 5.894 5.910 5.845 5.775 5.842 5.863 6.080 5.849 5.856 5.810 5.985 5.774 6.040 5.863 5.862 5.855 5.866 5.833 5.862 5.877 5.745 5.840 5.796 5.862 5.834 5.997 5.847 5.882 5.820 5.736 5.858 5.861 5.857 5.775 6.059 5.849 5.883 5.839 5.808 5.873 5.861 6.021 5.820 R Sources: See "Thermal Conversion Factor Source Documentation," which follows Table A6. beginning in 1949. conversion factors. 5.557 5.555 5.475 5.479 5.443 6.261 5.618 5.572 5.432 6.263 5.623 5.613 5.624 6.234 5.421 5.641 6.161 5.677 5.462 5.599 5.503 6.123 5.469 6.088 5.935 5.614 5.468 5.664 5.438 5.980 5.451 5.483 5.908 5.636 5.534 5.525 5.659 5.454 5.955 5.748 5.620 5.811 5.474 R Imports Products Petroleum 1 5.989 6.007 5.818 5.980 5.950 5.988 5.812 5.948 5.810 5.938 5.901 5.808 5.826 5.947 5.934 5.821 5.822 5.954 5.981 5.985 5.872 5.953 5.977 5.953 5.825 5.911 5.990 5.942 5.906 5.810 5.924 5.823 5.959 5.832 5.943 5.900 5.952 5.903 5.976 5.954 5.802 5.971 5.970 Crude Oil U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 3.674 3.675 3.701 3.872 3.812 3.794 4.295 3.964 3.724 3.744 3.804 3.777 3.930 3.826 3.692 4.406 3.955 3.815 3.733 3.925 3.984 3.822 4.522 3.706 4.146 4.544 3.762 3.735 3.941 3.800 3.712 3.796 3.801 4.264 3.807 3.839 3.729 3.804 3.797 3.914 3.739 3.724 3.769 R Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production 1 See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#appendices for updated annual • 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 5.800 Crude Oil P Includes lease condensate. 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. Note: The values in this table are for gross heat contents. See "Heat Content" in Glossary. Web Pages: able A2. Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Production, Imports, and Exports, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 996 006 995 994 993 992 007 991 990 989 988 008 987 986 985 984 004 009 003 982 981 980 010 979 978 977 976 975 970 965 011 983 960 955 950 949 002 001 000 005 999 998 997 (Million Btu per Barrel) 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 T 322

343 323 s d d d in le al at l), of of ta er er 10 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.433 5.433 5.433 5.433 5.433 5.433 5.433 5.433 5.433 5.433 5.433 Factor Biodiesel Feedstock NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.359 5.359 5.359 5.359 5.359 5.359 5.359 5.359 5.359 5.359 5.359 Biodiesel The heat content values in this tab • 9 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Fuel 6.151 6.242 6.198 6.009 6.469 6.332 6.063 6.167 6.423 6.400 6.562 5.983 6.089 6.586 6.143 6.309 6.176 6.220 6.036 6.539 6.446 6.159 6.492 6.355 6.116 6.515 6.377 6.264 6.287 5.957 5.931 5.905 R Ethanol Factor Feedstock 8 Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.563 3.561 3.563 3.560 P Ethanol 7 5.253 5.215 5.208 5.253 5.210 5.253 5.207 5.253 5.213 5.253 5.210 5.253 5.253 5.253 5.253 5.211 5.253 5.253 5.253 5.219 5.216 5.253 5.253 5.253 5.218 5.253 5.215 5.253 5.253 5.218 5.212 5.253 5.253 5.253 5.253 5.218 5.253 5.253 5.218 5.253 5.218 5.218 5.230 Motor 7 P Gasoline See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#appendices for all annual da • Consumption See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#appendices for updated annu • 6 Residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation petroleum heat contents are revise • 3.616 4.011 3.616 4.011 3.652 3.635 3.615 3.711 3.613 3.624 3.613 3.614 4.011 3.674 3.603 3.614 3.715 3.600 3.680 4.011 3.607 3.614 3.591 3.669 3.605 3.659 3.618 3.625 3.640 3.614 3.623 3.629 4.011 3.643 3.599 3.677 3.620 3.683 3.558 3.606 3.557 3.529 3.779 Gases 6 P R Soybean oil input to the production of biodiesel (million Btu soybean oil per barrel biodiesel), used a Corn input to the production of undenatured ethanol (million Btu corn per barrel undenatured ethano Liquefied Petroleum 9 Notes: R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. Web Pages: Sources: See "Thermal Conversion Factor Source Documentation," which follows Table A6. 10 Consumption factor for 1980–2008. are for gross heat contents. See "Heat Content" in Glossary. soybean oil are needed to produce one gallon of biodiesel, and 5.433 million Btu of soybean oil are neede beginning in 1949 due to a change in the estimation methodology. pound, or 5.359 million Btu per barrel. pound, or 5.483 million Btu per barrel. Biodiesel is assumed to have a gross heat content of 17,253 Btu p to produce one barrel of biodiesel. Soybean oil is assumed to have a gross heat content of 16,909 Btu p beginning in 1949. the factor to estimate total biomass inputs to the production of biodiesel. It is assumed that 7.65 pounds conversion factors. 3.539 million Btu per barrel. used as the factor to estimate total biomass inputs to the production of undenatured ethanol. Observe content of 0.392 million Btu per bushel. Undenatured ethanol is assumed to have a gross heat content 2002, and 2.764 in 2009; yields in other years are estimated. Corn is assumed to have a gross he ethanol yields (gallons undenatured ethanol per bushel of corn) are 2.5 in 1980, 2.666 in 1998, 2.68 2 5.384 5.403 5.448 5.328 5.349 5.336 5.336 5.494 5.411 5.418 5.326 5.649 5.519 5.406 5.415 5.649 5.410 5.361 5.345 5.387 5.479 5.341 5.591 5.518 5.324 5.555 5.378 5.339 5.532 5.395 5.346 5.353 5.503 5.365 5.340 5.504 5.494 5.350 5.410 5.379 5.301 5.297 5.291 Total 3 2 P R 4,5 6.238 6.252 6.247 6.143 6.244 6.249 6.188 6.250 6.210 6.258 6.258 6.257 6.188 6.192 6.267 6.254 6.182 6.249 6.250 6.173 6.246 6.199 6.199 6.213 6.123 6.267 6.255 6.251 6.254 6.251 6.189 6.258 6.251 6.254 6.205 6.254 6.151 6.195 6.240 6.084 6.062 6.105 6.230 4 P R Electric Power 2,3 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 5.413 5.401 5.409 5.433 5.411 5.396 5.421 5.438 5.433 5.429 5.442 5.416 5.423 5.465 5.426 5.461 5.418 5.392 5.413 5.417 5.441 5.407 5.441 5.423 5.424 5.412 5.420 5.427 5.405 5.387 5.429 5.443 5.426 5.386 5.422 5.434 5.393 5.431 5.416 5.425 5.414 5.421 5.436 Trans- 2 3 E R portation Consumption by Sector 2 1 5.748 5.121 5.149 5.114 5.881 5.057 5.957 5.366 5.127 5.595 5.253 5.219 5.254 5.269 5.199 5.160 5.513 5.953 5.120 5.142 5.818 5.092 5.150 5.536 5.178 5.228 5.247 5.167 5.207 5.018 5.144 5.523 5.137 5.093 5.168 5.233 5.409 5.142 5.299 5.539 4.964 4.988 5.178 2 E R Industrial 2 Total Petroleum 5.682 5.553 5.391 5.813 5.693 5.293 5.632 5.672 5.817 5.528 5.597 5.328 5.433 5.365 5.657 5.515 5.781 5.478 5.751 5.307 5.549 5.781 5.291 5.513 5.266 5.364 5.665 5.325 5.717 5.698 5.598 5.649 5.175 5.760 5.316 5.594 5.591 5.298 5.708 5.310 5.263 5.261 5.505 2 E R Commercial 4.692 4.692 5.473 5.253 5.263 5.364 4.937 4.691 4.916 5.063 5.124 5.287 5.417 5.321 5.102 5.365 4.894 4.902 5.285 5.277 5.469 4.907 5.260 4.850 5.140 4.953 4.975 5.094 4.908 5.268 4.732 4.886 5.266 5.194 5.239 5.145 4.989 5.484 5.307 5.098 5.283 4.998 5.257 E R Residential Electric power sector factors are weighted average heat contents for distillate fuel oil, petroleum coke, Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose There is a discontinuity in this time series between 1993 and 1994; beginning in 1994, the single Petroleum products supplied, including natural gas plant liquids and crude oil burned directly as fuel. There is a discontinuity in this time series between 1966 and 1967; beginning in 1967, the single Includes denaturant (petroleum added to ethanol to make it undrinkable). Fuel ethanol factors are Beginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Beginning in 2009, includes renewable diesel fuel (including biodiesel) blended into distillate fuel oil. 7 5 4 8 3 1 2 6 able A3. Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum Consumption and Biofuels Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 uantity-weighted averages of the petroleum products included in each category are calculated by using eighted average heat contents for undenatured ethanol (3.539 million Btu per barrel), pentanes plus used able A1. Year 978 965 999 980 986 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for lectric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. 993 976 nd residual fuel oil; they exclude other liquids. 983 009 955 011 985 970 995 975 002 005 008 998 s denaturant (4.620 million Btu per barrel), and conventional motor gasoline and motor gasoline blending 988 981 004 992 007 979 960 949 984 950 990 987 010 997 994 000 989 982 006 001 003 eat content values shown in Table A1. 977 996 991 omponents used as denaturant (5.253 million Btu per barrel). The factor for 2009 is used as the estimated omponents of motor gasoline, including fuel ethanol, are calculated by using heat content values shown in onstant factor is replaced by a quantity-weighted factor—quantity-weighted averages of the major omponents of liquefied petroleum gases are calculated by using heat content values shown in Table A1. onstant factor is replaced by a quantity-weighted factor—quantity-weighted averages of the major (Million Btu per Barrel) 2 c 1 T 1 1 1 w 1 a 1 c 2 1 1 1 Q 1 1 h 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 p 1 1 2 1 e 1 2 2 a 1 1 1 1 1 c 2 2 c 2 1 1 T c 2

344 al ta 1,009 1,009 1,009 1,008 1,019 1,035 1,011 1,035 1,008 1,009 1,010 1,018 1,022 1,010 1,013 1,018 1,010 1,009 1,016 1,013 1,011 1,009 1,011 1,013 1,011 1,013 1,011 1,011 1,009 1,011 1,009 1,014 1,035 1,011 1,009 1,018 1,013 1,006 1,035 1,031 1,006 1,011 1,032 E Exports 997 999 – – – – 1,025 1,022 1,025 1,025 1,004 1,025 1,025 1,023 1,026 1,035 1,025 1,023 1,018 1,022 1,025 1,022 1,024 1,021 1,025 1,022 1,026 1,002 1,025 1,020 1,023 1,011 1,030 1,014 1,023 1,014 1,005 1,012 1,031 1,037 1,022 1,032 1,035 1,025 1,002 E Imports Total 1,022 1,023 1,027 1,024 1,031 1,028 1,035 1,027 1,027 1,025 1,028 1,030 1,019 1,031 1,021 1,028 1,032 1,035 1,032 1,029 1,026 1,021 1,026 1,027 1,026 1,020 1,028 1,035 1,029 1,031 1,026 1,025 1,026 1,031 1,031 1,028 1,028 1,030 1,021 1,027 1,030 1,035 1,031 E R R R See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#appendices for all annual da • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#appendices for updated annu • 3 1 Sources: See "Thermal Conversion Factor Source Documentation," which follows Table A6. Note: The values in this table are for gross heat contents. See "Heat Content" in Glossary. Web Pages: beginning in 1949. conversion factors. 1,021 1,028 1,020 1,022 1,027 1,025 1,025 1,035 1,035 1,032 1,034 1,035 1,032 1,028 1,035 1,036 1,028 1,030 1,025 1,035 1,026 1,027 1,035 1,025 1,025 1,034 1,031 1,025 1,027 1,038 1,029 1,021 1,021 1,020 1,023 1,027 1,020 1,035 1,035 1,024 1,026 1,022 1,028 3 P Consumption Electric Power Sector 2 1,027 1,025 1,023 1,023 1,029 1,024 1,031 1,027 1,031 1,025 1,019 1,026 1,028 1,027 1,027 1,035 1,031 1,033 1,031 1,029 1,020 1,035 1,028 1,016 1,035 1,031 1,026 1,030 1,028 1,031 1,031 1,029 1,029 1,029 1,025 1,035 1,030 1,028 1,019 1,027 1,018 1,032 1,026 E R R R End-Use Sectors U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Dry 1,027 1,024 1,022 1,023 1,028 1,020 1,030 1,028 1,029 1,026 1,028 1,028 1,025 1,035 1,031 1,030 1,031 1,027 1,021 1,035 1,026 1,032 1,021 1,030 1,027 1,029 1,035 1,026 1,032 1,026 1,031 1,031 1,025 1,035 1,019 1,028 1,021 1,027 1,027 1,031 1,028 1,031 1,026 E R R R Production 1,097 1,103 1,097 1,103 1,102 1,119 1,095 1,107 1,088 1,110 1,107 1,120 1,105 1,104 1,105 1,107 1,098 1,110 1,103 1,107 1,105 1,104 1,093 1,107 1,109 1,102 1,109 1,100 1,103 1,109 1,106 1,092 1,112 1,108 1,120 1,093 1,106 1,107 1,112 1,109 1,115 1,101 1,101 E R R R R Marketed Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Consumption factors are for natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. Residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation sectors. 2 3 1 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. E=Estimate. – – =Not applicable. able A4. Approximate Heat Content of Natural Gas, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 970 001 975 010 008 999 998 976 997 996 977 995 994 949 011 006 978 993 992 979 991 990 980 989 988 981 987 960 986 005 004 965 955 950 009 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for lectric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. 003 982 985 984 007 002 983 000 (Btu per Cubic Foot) 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 p 1 e 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 T 1 324

345 325 al ta te and 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 24.800 Imports Exports Coal Coke 25.713 26.160 25.633 25.998 25.645 25.466 26.174 26.117 25.494 26.202 26.251 26.180 26.188 25.399 26.108 26.335 26.161 26.329 25.453 26.062 26.800 25.972 26.081 26.292 26.307 26.973 26.601 26.982 26.759 26.384 26.291 26.907 26.548 26.160 26.548 26.562 26.939 26.223 26.291 26.299 26.478 26.788 26.402 Exports 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.020 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.000 25.003 25.000 25.000 25.000 Imports Total 19.832 21.307 19.742 19.583 20.671 20.881 20.870 20.929 21.197 19.977 20.541 20.828 20.830 20.387 21.010 20.818 20.168 21.120 20.181 20.880 20.246 21.068 20.290 22.017 24.537 22.265 23.440 21.947 22.506 22.100 24.713 24.793 21.366 21.576 22.498 21.462 21.328 24.989 24.982 21.674 21.573 21.517 21.713 R See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#appendices for all annual da • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#appendices for updated annu • 4,5 Power 20.898 19.623 19.521 19.370 20.337 20.490 20.543 20.518 20.730 20.589 20.547 19.980 20.082 20.779 20.709 20.238 19.931 19.909 19.988 20.516 20.677 20.511 19.713 21.364 23.937 21.101 23.780 21.642 23.927 23.761 21.133 21.084 21.136 20.900 22.573 21.194 21.508 20.959 24.056 21.085 21.275 21.295 21.679 Electric 4 R Sector Electric power sector factors are for anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, was 5 R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. Sources: See "Thermal Conversion Factor Source Documentation," which follows Table A6. Web Pages: Note: The values in this table are for gross heat contents. See "Heat Content" in Glossary. coal, and, beginning in 1998, coal synfuel. conversion factors. beginning in 1949. electric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. 3 Coal 21.005 22.347 21.893 20.588 22.622 22.457 22.489 22.250 22.433 22.068 22.105 22.123 22.460 22.562 22.468 22.172 22.473 22.178 23.164 22.050 21.950 22.371 22.348 22.712 24.820 22.690 22.543 22.452 22.207 22.381 22.585 24.821 22.322 22.020 22.530 24.609 24.612 22.436 22.983 24.385 22.360 22.691 22.198 Other R Consumption Industrial Sector 26.296 26.800 26.334 27.426 26.300 26.800 26.799 27.426 26.279 26.800 26.281 27.425 26.271 26.800 26.800 26.329 27.426 27.426 26.799 26.799 26.800 27.426 27.426 26.798 26.787 26.798 26.791 26.789 26.798 26.799 26.781 26.798 26.794 26.799 26.797 26.782 26.788 26.787 26.784 26.797 26.790 26.794 26.799 Coke Plants U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 21.826 22.059 23.650 20.724 24.909 23.118 22.069 22.066 22.342 23.112 23.011 23.137 22.324 22.242 23.114 22.494 22.962 22.994 21.887 25.020 23.105 23.880 21.620 23.571 23.203 22.919 22.466 22.774 24.226 24.461 24.373 22.474 22.695 22.947 22.261 22.543 24.263 22.844 22.242 22.775 22.646 24.028 23.404 Sectors R Residential and Commercial 2 9.303 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 12.076 10.391 11.960 11.604 12.169 12.266 12.121 10.758 10.396 12.080 12.552 11.097 12.360 12.158 12.360 12.090 12.147 11.722 12.093 12.639 12.165 10.638 2 R R Supplied Waste Coal 1 20.772 19.963 20.136 20.173 20.499 21.418 21.681 22.897 21.823 21.682 20.310 21.296 22.415 22.010 22.855 22.052 24.906 24.916 22.308 20.340 21.326 23.842 21.070 20.424 21.394 21.418 22.239 25.201 21.322 20.208 22.454 21.822 21.765 22.597 21.922 25.090 24.775 22.248 21.870 20.673 20.348 21.072 21.913 1 R R Production P Beginning in 2001, includes a small amount of refuse recovery (coal recaptured from a refuse mine, Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose Waste coal (including fine coal, coal obtained from a refuse bank or slurry dam, anthracite culm, Includes transportation. Excludes coal synfuel plants. 3 4 2 1 able A5. Approximate Heat Content of Coal and Coal Coke, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 005 002 987 999 992 980 955 998 008 995 975 ituminous gob, and lignite waste) consumed by the electric power and industrial sectors. Beginning in 991 989 976 990 979 965 003 011 009 994 984 993 981 006 985 977 978 950 997 rimary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for 000 949 010 970 nd cleaned to reduce the concentration of noncombustible materials). 960 983 004 986 007 001 988 982 996 989, waste coal supplied is counted as a supply-side item to balance the same amount of waste coal (Million Btu per Short Ton) ncluded in "Consumption." 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 a 1 2 1 b 1 1 1 i 2 1 1 1 2 p 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 1

346 al ta tu or or of 10 11 Table A6. 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 3,412 Electricity Heat Content Annual Energy Review 2010, 7,9 9,999 9,854 9,919 9,884 9,760 9,756 9,756 E R 10,453 14,030 10,333 10,324 10,022 10,340 10,226 10,447 10,494 10,440 10,453 11,699 10,446 10,402 10,312 10,353 10,173 10,454 10,197 10,342 15,033 10,520 10,760 10,241 10,373 10,388 10,201 10,361 10,316 10,432 10,213 10,436 10,435 10,419 10,309 10,406 Energy Renewable Noncombustible 8 – – – – – – 10,507 10,769 10,471 10,622 10,879 11,013 10,442 10,977 10,503 11,804 10,494 10,484 10,908 10,452 11,629 10,941 10,905 10,491 10,602 10,582 11,030 10,579 10,843 10,504 10,450 11,047 10,429 10,583 11,073 10,436 10,460 10,453 10,427 10,421 10,443 10,436 10,485 10,442 10,452 10,452 E R Nuclear See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#appendices for all annual da • See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#appendices for updated annu • 6,7 Technology-based geothermal heat rates are no longer used in Btu calculations in this report. F The value of 3,412 Btu per kilowatthour is a constant. It is used as the thermal conversion factor f See "Heat Content" in Glossary. Used as the thermal conversion factor for nuclear electricity net generation. 9 8 R=Revised. E=Estimate. NA=Not available. – – =Not applicable. Sources: See "Thermal Conversion Factor Source Documentation," which follows this table. Web Pages: 11 10 conversion factor for wood and waste electricity net generation at electric utilities; beginning in 2001, B electricity retail sales, and electricity imports and exports. conversion factors. technology-based geothermal heat rates for 1960–2010, see the data for wood and waste at electric utilities are available from surveys. beginning in 1949. 9,999 9,760 9,854 9,884 9,919 9,756 9,756 E R 10,435 10,520 10,436 10,388 10,353 10,440 10,342 10,324 10,361 10,309 14,030 10,446 10,447 10,316 10,373 10,201 10,312 10,406 10,432 10,340 10,494 10,454 10,213 10,453 10,419 15,033 10,197 10,760 10,402 11,699 10,226 10,453 10,173 10,241 10,022 10,333 Total Fossil Fuels for Electricity Net Generation 1 5 NA NA 9,533 NA NA NA NA 8,551 NA NA 8,185 8,403 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8,647 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8,471 NA 8,305 NA NA NA NA NA 9,207 8,160 NA NA 8,185 E 10,051 Natural Gas 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Approximate Heat Rates Fossil Fuels 4 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 10,794 10,571 10,984 10,641 10,610 10,742 10,809 10,631 11,015 10,923 10,984 E Petroleum 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Coal 10,378 10,297 10,415 10,414 10,331 10,373 10,375 10,314 10,351 10,378 10,415 E The fossil-fuels heat rate is used as the thermal conversion factor for electricity net generation from Includes coal, petroleum, natural gas, and, beginning in 2001, other gases (blast furnace gas, propane Includes anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, and, beginning in 2002, waste coal Through 2000, heat rates are for fossil-fueled steam-electric plants at electric utilities. Beginning in Includes distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, jet fuel, kerosene, petroleum coke, and waste oil. Includes natural gas and supplemental gaseous fuels. The values in columns 1-6 of this table are for net heat rates. See "Heat Rate" in Glossary. 3 2 1 5 6 7 4 able A6. Approximate Heat Rates for Electricity, and Heat Content of Electricity, Selected Years, 1949-2011 Year 990 989 010 003 988 987 986 985 011 979 004 984 983 982 001 981 980 006 002 000 999 998 001, heat rates are for all fossil-fueled plants at electric utilities and electricity-only independent power roducers. 007 997 nd coal synfuel. 996 995 008 005 994 993 as, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels). 992 009 oncombustible renewable energy (hydro, geothermal, solar thermal, photovoltaic, and wind) to pproximate the quantity of fossil fuels replaced by these sources. Through 2000, also used as the thermal 978 977 976 975 970 965 960 955 950 949 991 (Btu per Kilowatthour) 1 2 2 1 p 2 1 2 a 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 g 2 1 2 n 1 a 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 T 326

347 327 Ethane million Btu per barrel based , Table 2. Competition and Growth in Ameri- mixtures, ethane-propane mixtures, • 1949–1966: U.S. Department of the California Oil World and Petroleum California Oil World and Petroleum Competition and Growth in American component products of liquefied petro- onstant value of 4.011 million Btu per ), propane (including propylene), normal Bureau of Mines internal memorandum, ” Table 1. For 1981 forward, quantities troleum gases consumed (see Table A1) , a 1968 release of historical and projected statistics. , a 1968 release of historical and projected statistics. 1985 . EIA calculation of 3.308 . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor – . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor Petroleum Supply Annual 1985 – . . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor of 3.974 . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor of 5.670 , First Issue, April 1942. , First Issue, April 1942. . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor of 3.082 Propane of 5.355 million Btu per barrel for “Jet Fuel, Military” as published by the Texas East- Jet Fuel, Naphtha-Type Energy Markets 1947 ern Transmission Corporation in the report million Btu per barrel as reported in a Kerosene can Energy Markets 1947 of 5.670 million Btu per barrel for “Jet Fuel, Commercial” as published by the Texas Eastern Transmission Corporation in the report Ethane Industry on an assumed mixture of 70 percent ethane and 30 percent propane. See Industry memorandum, “Bureau of Mines Standard Average Heating Values of Various million Btu per barrel as published in the Ethane-Propane Mixture Jet Fuel, Kerosene-Type Fuels, Adopted January 3, 1950.” million Btu per barrel as published in the and Isobutane conversion factors for all liquefied pe leum Products, 1956,” Table 4 footnote, c Interior, Bureau of Mines, Mineral Industry Surveys, “Crude Petroleum and Petro- barrel. • 1967 forward: Calculated annually by EIA as the average of the thermal January 3, 1950.” Liquefied Petroleum Gases Consumption. “Bureau of Mines Standard Average Heating Values of Various Fuels, Adopted weighted by the quantities consumed. The and isobutane. For 1967–1980, quantities consumed are from EIA, Energy Data butane (including butylene), butane-propane consumed are from EIA, Reports, “Petroleum Statement, Annual, leum gases are ethane (including ethylene oleum Institute (API) grav- U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Petroleum Statement, Annual, ion factor of 5.048 million Btu illion Btu per barrel or equal to Thermal Properties of Petroleum California Oil World and Petroleum ermal units (Btu) per barrel as estimated each type were calculated on a foreign Various Fuels, Adopted January 3, 1950.” . oil imported weighted by the quantities ign country from Form ERA-60 in 1977 and Propane Thermal Conversion Factor Source Documentation and ng the average American Petr . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines calculation of 4.130 Competition and Growth in American Energy Markets . EIA adopted the thermal conversion factor of 5.800 million . Butane and Natural Gas Plant Liquids . Calculated annually by EIA as the average of the thermal . Assumed by EIA to be 5.800 m . EIA adopted the thermal convers . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor of Approximate Heat Content of Petroleum , a 1968 release of historical and projected statistics. , 1933. , First Issue, April 1942. . The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) adopted the thermal . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor of 4.326 1985 – . 5.825 million Btu per barrel as reported in a Bureau of Mines internal Btu per barrel as reported in a Bureau of Mines internal memorandum, “Bureau of converting average API gravity to average Btu content by using National Bureau of Distillate Fuel Oil Products Crude Oil Production ity of crude oil imported from each fore Mines Standard Average Heating Values of Standards, Miscellaneous Publication No. 97, imported. Thermal conversion factors for country basis, by determini Crude Oil Production conversion factors for each type of crude the thermal conversion factor for crude oil produced in the United States. See Crude Oil Imports million Btu per barrel based on an assumed mixture of 60 percent butane and 40 percent propane. See Butane-Propane Mixture Industry Crude Oil Exports million Btu per barrel as published in the Butane 1947 per barrel as adopted by the Bureau of Mines from the Texas Eastern Transmission Corporation publication 1956 Aviation Gasoline conversion factor of 6.636 million British th by the Bureau of Mines and first published in the Asphalt

348 ion factor of 6.024 million Btu . Calculated annually by EIA as . Calculated annually by EIA as . Calculated annually by EIA as the . Calculated annually by EIA as the ts consumed by the residential sector . Calculated annually by EIA as the consumed by the industrial sector are on, as given in the Bureau of Mines the referenced Bureau of Mines inter- petroleum products consumed by the ated quantities consumed by the industrial oleum products consumed by the commer- Data System—see documentation at e Energy Data System—see documentation at . Calculated annually by EIA as the average of the . EIA adopted the thermal convers Petroleum Consumption, Total transportation sector. The quantities of by the transportation sector weighted by the estimated quantities consumed by the the average of the thermal conversion factors for all petroleum products consumed Petroleum Consumption, Transportation Sector quantities consumed. thermal conversion factors for all petroleum products consumed weighted by the http://www.eia.gov/emeu/states/sep_use/notes/use_petrol.pdf. Petroleum Coke http://www.eia.gov/emeu/states/sep_use/notes/use_petrol.pdf. Adopted January 3, 1950.” The Bureau of Mines calculated this factor by dividing are estimated in the State Energy Petroleum Consumption, Electric Power Sector per barrel as reported in Btu per short ton in the Bureau of Mines internal memoran- dum, “Bureau of Mines Standard Average Heating Values of Various Fuels, 30.120 million Btu per short ton, as given in Petroleum Consumption, Industrial Sector predecessor forms. power sector. Data are from Form EIA-923, “Power Plant Operations Report,” and by the electric power sector weighted by the quantities consumed by the electric the average of the thermal conversion factors for all petroleum products consumed http://www.eia.gov/emeu/states/sep_use/notes/use_petrol.pdf. estimated in the State Energy Data System—see documentation at average of the thermal conversion factors for all petroleum products consumed by sector. The quantities of petroleum products cial sector are estimated in the Stat the residential sector weighted by the estimated quantities consumed by the residen- commercial sector. The quantities of petr tial sector. The quantities of petroleum produc the commercial sector weighted by the estimated quantities consumed by the average of the thermal conversion factors for all petroleum products consumed by the industrial sector weighted by the estim Petroleum Consumption, Commercial Sector Form 6-1300-M and successor EIA forms. average of the thermal conversion factors for all petroleum products consumed by nal memorandum, by 5.0 barrels per short t Petroleum Consumption, Residential Sector , a 1968 Petroleum Petroleum . Assumed . 1985 – Still Gas . . Assumed by EIA to be U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ion factor of 4.620 million Btu on factor to be 4.620 million Btu on factor of 6.065 million Btu per Btu per barrel, as used for previous equal to the thermal conversion factor reau of Mines and first published in the e thermal conversion factor for special . e conversion factors for conventional, published in Environmental Protection on Btu per barrel for “Gasoline, Motor . Calculated annually by EIA as the aver- Natural Gasoline for each natural gas plant liquid produced . Assumed by EIA to be 6.000 million Btu per . • 1949–1993: EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines . “Fuel Economy Impact Analysis of Reformulated , . EIA adopted the thermal conversion factor of 5.796 Distillate Fuel Oil . . . EIA adopted the thermal convers Fuel Ethanol (Denatured). . EIA assumed the thermal conversi Special Naphthas . EIA adopted the thermal conversi Competition and Growth in American Energy Markets 1947 of Fuel” as published by the Texas Eastern Transmission Corporation in Appendix V Petroleum Statement, Annual, 1956 thermal conversion factor of 5.253 milli million Btu per barrel as estimated by the Bu Motor Gasoline Consumption. Miscellaneous Products conventional motor gasoline is 5.253 million years. The factors for reformulated and oxygenated gasolines, both currently 5.150 reformulated, and oxygenated motor gasolines (see Table A3). The factor for Agency, Office of Mobile Sources, National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Labora- release of historical and projected statistics. • 1994 forward: EIA calculated tory report EPA 420-F-95-003 Statement, Annual, 1956 national annual quantity-weighted averag million Btu per barrel, are based on data barrel as estimated by the Bureau of Mines and first published in the 328 Lubricants Petrochemical Feedstocks, Other Oils equal to or greater than 401° F barrel or equal to the thermal conversion factor for still gas. See for distillate fuel oil. See by EIA to be 5.825 million Btu per barrel or naphthas. See 5.248 million Btu per barrel or equal to th Petrochemical Feedstocks, Naphtha less than 401° F or equal to that for natural gasoline. See Petrochemical Feedstocks, Still Gas Pentanes Plus Statement, Annual, 1956 per barrel as estimated by the Bureau of Mines and first published in the Natural Gasoline weighted by the quantities produced. age of the thermal conversion factors Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Gasoline.” See

349 ) 329 , Table 1, ) and first . age of the thermal Petroleum Supply . PSA/PSM Plant Condensate Petroleum Statement, and Btu per barrel), pentanes Distillate Fuel Oil els and oxygenate plant net produc- nate Flexibility for Future Fuels,” a factor of 5.537 million Btu per barrel as the factor to estimate total biomass el. EIA also assumed that soybean oil has ntity of conventional motor gasoline and els and oxygenate plant net production of nd Clean Air Act Implementation, Wash- Btu per barrel), and conventional motor l quantity-weighted aver on Btu per barrel). The quantity of ethanol plant net production of conventional motor • 1981–2008: EIA used the 2009 factor. • 2009 tured ethanol (3.539 million Annual Report to Congress, Volume 2, 1981 Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) EIA adopted the thermal conversion factor of 3.539 . EIA assumed the thermal conversion factor to be 5.418 EIA used soybean oil input to the production of biodiesel Annual Report to Congress, Volume 3, 1977 . EIA assumed the thermal conversion factor to be 5.825 million , Table 1, data for renewable fu Approximate Heat Content of Biofuels . EIA estimated the thermal conversion factor for biodiesel to be 5.359 . EIA adopted the thermal conversion inputs to the production of biodiesel. EIA assumed that 7.65 pounds of soybean oil are needed to produce one gallon of biodiesel, and 5.433 million Btu of soybean oil are needed to produce one barrel of biodies (million Btu soybean oil per barrel biodiesel) million Btu per barrel, or 17,253 Btu per pound. forward: Calculated by EIA as the annua a gross heat content of 16,909 Btu per pound, or 5.483 million Btu per barrel. Ethanol (Undenatured). Biodiesel Feedstock. Biodiesel. paper presented by William J. Piel of the ARCO Chemical Company at the National plus used as denaturant (4.620 million million Btu per barrel published in “Oxyge conversion factors for undena gasoline used as denaturant (5.253 milli consumed is from EIA’s Conference on Reformulated Gasolines a ington, D.C., October 1991. Fuel Ethanol (Denatured). Monthly (PSM) gasoline and motor gasoline blending components, multiplied by -1. PSA/PSM, Table 1, data for renewable fu tion of fuel ethanol. The quantity of pentanes plus used as denaturant is from pentanes plus, multiplied by -1. The qua data for renewable fuels and oxygenate motor gasoline blending components used as denaturant is from million Btu per barrel or equal to that for plant condensate (see Unfractionated Stream published it in EIA’s Btu per barrel or equal to that for distillate fuel oil (see Unfinished Oils and first published it in EIA’s as estimated by the Bureau of Mines and first published in the Waxes Annual, 1956 . . weighted by the Petroleum State- Petroleum State- Petroleum Prod- and U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 ion factor of 6.287 million Btu d to be equal to that of the total Petroleum Products Exports Petroleum Statement, Annual, 1970 California Oil World and Petroleum and oleum product exported oleum product imported weighted by the Crude Oil Imports crude oil and petroleum product imported e State Energy Data System—see documen- . Calculated annually by EIA as the average of the . Calculated annually by EIA as the average of the . Calculated annually by EIA as the average of the ther- . Calculated annually by EIA as the average of the ther- Crude Oil Exports , April 1942. . . . Estimated to be 5.418 million Btu per barrel by EIA from data . EIA adopted the thermal convers . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor of . . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor of 6.636 . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines estimated thermal conversion factor of . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines thermal conversion factor of 3.836 ) and was first published by the Bureau of Mines in the Residual Fuel Oil Industry, First Issue million Btu per barrel as published in the Propane provided by McClanahan Consultants, Inc., Houston, Texas. 5.248 million Btu per barrel, which was assume Road Oil 1950.” Mines Standard Average Heating Values of Various Fuels, Adopted January 3, per barrel as reported in the Bureau of Mines internal memorandum, “Bureau of quantities exported. Special Naphthas thermal conversion factors for each petr ment, Annual, 1970 quantities imported. Petroleum Products Imports Plant Condensate Asphalt million Btu per barrel, which was assumed to be equal to that of asphalt (see gasoline (aviation and motor) factor and was first published in the weighted by the quantities imported. See thermal conversion factors for each petr mal conversion factors for each type of 6.000 million Btu per barrel, first published in the Petroleum Products Exports Still Gas the quantities exported. See ment, Annual, 1970 tation at http://www.eia.gov/emeu/states/sep_use/notes/use_petrol.pdf. mal conversion factors for crude oil and each petroleum product exported weighted by Total Petroleum Imports Total Petroleum Exports transportation sector are estimated in th ucts Imports

350 ) . ) and . Calculated annually by . Calculated annually by EIA . Calculated annually by EIA by . . Calculated annually by EIA by Natural Gas Production, Dry Natural Gas Consumption, Total Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production . Through 1999, data are from Form EIA-6, . Calculated annually by EIA by dividing the . EIA adopted the Bureau of Mines estimate of . Assumed by EIA to be equal to the thermal conver- ntial and Commercial Sectors . Calculated annually by EIA by dividing the total heat Natural Gas Imports and Exports Approximate Heat Content of Coal and Coal Coke are from Form FPC-14, “Annual Report for Importers and Exporters of Natural Gas.” Beginning in 1996, data are from U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, heat content of dry natural gas produced (see Natural Gas Production, Dry natural gas plant liquids produced (see Natural Gas Production, Marketed sion factor for dry natural gas consumed. See by the total quantity of marketed natural gas produced. heat-and-power (CHP) plants from Form EIA-923, “Power Plant Operations “Coal Distribution Report.” Beginning in 2000, data are for commercial combined- cial sectors by the quantity consumed Coal Coke Imports and Exports EIA by dividing the heat content of coal consumed by the residential and commer- Coal Consumption, Electric Power Sector Coal Consumption, Total 24.800 million Btu per short ton. content of coal consumed by all sectors by the total quantity consumed. Report,” and predecessor forms. Report,” and predecessor forms. Report—Manufacturing Plants.” quantity consumed. Data are from Form EIA-923, “Power Plant Operations consumed. Data are from Form EIA-5, “Quarterly Coal Consumption and Quality dividing the heat content of coal consumed by the electric power sector by the consumed. Data are from Form EIA-3, “Quarterly Coal Consumption and Quality Coal Consumption, Industrial Sector, Other Report—Coke Plants.” by dividing the heat content of coal consumed by coke plants by the quantity dividing the heat content of coal consumed by manufacturing plants by the quantity Coal Consumption, Industrial Sector, Coke Plants Coal Consumption, Reside Natural . • 1963–1979: EIA Natural Gas Consumption, Natural Gas Consumption, . Calculated annually by EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 . Calculated annually by EIA by other years. EIA also assumed that- , an AGA annual publication. • 1980 666 in 1998, 2.68 in 2002, and 2.764 in Form E