LovelockMeadows

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1 MEADOWS WATER DISTRICT LOVELOCK CONSERVATION PLAN WATER January, 2015 Revised OWNER: Lovelock Meadows Water District 400 14th Street Lovelock, 89419 Nevada ‐ (775) 2387 273 ENGINEER: 5442 Longley Lane, Suite B. Reno, Nevada 89511 (775) 851 ‐ 4788

2 Contents GOALS ... 1 1 CONSERVATION ... 1 1.1 REDUCE WATER USAGE ... SCAPIN G ... 1 1.2 ENCOURAGE THE USE OF COMPATIBLE LAND TER EFFLUENT ... 1 THE USE OF WASTEWA 1.3 ENCOURAGE THE CITY TO INCREASE 1.4 IDENTIFY AND REDUCE WATER LOSS ... ... 1 IPATION IN CO NSERVATIO N ... 1 1.5 INCREASE COMMUNITY PARTIC 1.6 MAINTAINING AN ADEQUATE SUPPLY OF WATER ... 1 LEMENTATION SC HEDULE ... 1 1.7 CONSERVATION PLAN IMP E AND FORECA ST ... 2 2 WATER USE PROFIL 2 2.1 EXISTING DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPLY SOURCES... 2.2 WATER USE FORECAST BASED ON HISTORICAL AND CURRENT USE ... 5 2.3 WATER US E PROF ... 6 ILE ... ... 7 2.4 UNACCOUNTED-FOR WATER ... 2.5 ESTIMATED AMOUNT OF WATER CONSERVED DUE TO MEASURES ... 8 2.6 IMPACT OF PRIOR CONSERVATION EFFORTS REQUIREMENTS ... 9 3 BASE CASE WATER CONSERVATION INCENTIVES AND MEASURES ... 10 3.1 BASE CASE CONSERVATION INCENTIVES ... ... 10 3.2 BASE CASE CONSERVATION MEASURES ... ... 12 4 COMPREHENSIVE CONSER VATION ME ASURES ... 13 4.1 GENERAL CONSERVATION MEASURES ... ... 13 5 COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION INCENTIVES ... 21 5.1 EDUCATIONAL INCENTIVES... ... 21 5.2 FINANCIAL INCENTIVES ... ... 24

3 5.3 REGULATORY INCENTIVES ... ... 24 6 WATER CONSERVATION IN ... 27 ITIATIVES AND RECOMMENDATIONS 6.1 LOVELOCK MEADOWS WATER DI STRICT CONSERVAT ION MEASURES ... 27 ... 27 6.2 FINANCIAL MEASURES ... 6.3 EDUCATIONAL INCENTIVES... ... 27 6.4 SYSTEM WIDE H ARDWARE MEAS URES ... ... 27 APPENDIX A – CONSERVA TION MEAS URES ... 29 APPENDIX B – LANDSC APE GUID ES ... 43 ... 50 APPENDIX C – WATER WEBSITES APPENDIX D – METER INSTRUCT IONS ... 51 APPENDIX E – LAND SCAPE CO DE ... 53 APPENDIX F – WATE R ORDINA NCE ... 54 APPENDIX G – EPA RESIDE NTIAL BENC HMARKS ... 55

4 1 GOALS CONSERVATION section includes the water conservation goals for the Lovelock Meadows Water District water This system. Meadows Water District does not have the Lovelock authority to establish ordinances or codes. Because this many of the conservation measures and incentives included in this plan are of for reference purposes and can be creation regulating entities in the of such ordinances. utilized by plan is compliant with Nevada Revised Statutes This sections 540.121 through 540.151 and is (NRS) available for public inspection at the following location: Lovelock Meadows Water District 400 14th Street Lovelock, Nevada 89419 (775) 273-2387 Public comments about this plan are encouraged. Written comments may be sent to the address above. 1.1 REDUCE WATER USAGE The primary objective of the conservation plan is to help Lovelock Meadows Water District and its and possibly exceed the conservation goals stated meet in this section. The primary customers goal of this plan is to reduce consumption by 10% by the year 2018. An audit comparing water production with metered will be performed prior to implementing amounts incentives or measures. Additional audits will then be done every year thereafter. Results from the will initial audit be compared with those of audits in order to determine the effectiveness of subsequent and/or incentives. measures measured will include summer use, Usage use amounts per connection and per capita use. If average is a decrease in usage as a result of a particular measure or incentive, that incentive or measure there can be expanded if to maximize efficiency. If it is possible discovered that a particular measure or is ineffective, incentive will be discontinued and a new one will then be implemented to take its place. it 1.2 ENCOURAGE THE USE OF COMPATIBLE LANDSCAPING This plan should include public education to encourage reduction in the of lawns and encourage the size and plants that are use adapted to arid of semiarid climates. Educational information for both residences and businesses can be in the form of mailers, guides, and websites. 1.3 ENCOURAGE THE CITY TO INCREASE THE USE WASTEWATER EFFLUENT OF This plan should encourage good management practices for the reuse of effluent by those holding Lovelock authority for its use. Note that the City of currently has primary storage rights to effluent water facility. treatment from the Lovelock wastewater 1 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

5 1 GOALS CONSERVATION 1.4 AND REDUCE WATER LOSS IDENTIFY should strive to reduce the amount of water extracted from the various sources vs. the The District actually delivered (billed) to customers through a system of water and reducing leaks in identifying systems, instituting a meter maintenance/replacement program, and connecting water distribution and unmetered users. multiple INCREASE COMMUNITY 1.5 IN CONSERVATION PARTICIPATION key objective of this plan is to increase public awareness of the limited supply of water A Nevada and in the need to conserve water. A successful educational program provides information to the public that and motivates water users in their helps and to conserve. Educational materials resources can efforts home & landscape guides and mailers. Regardless of the type of educational resources that include are used, the most important consideration is their content and if the information is disseminated successfully. WATER MAINTAINING AN ADEQUATE SUPPLY 1.6 OF This plan includes a water. of contingency plan for drought conditions that ensures a supply of potable The goal of water conservation is to insure that there is sufficient water for essential public primary safety needs at all times. The climate in health Northern Nevada is arid and subject to periodic and droughts that can have in duration. It is important therefore to a reserve on hand for such events. vary Conserving water during times of plenty will insure that such reserves are available for drought and emergency conditions. 1.7 CONSERVATION PLAN IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE The conservation measures and incentives in this plan will be implemented according to the following (see section 6 for detailed descriptions of incentives schedule and measures included in the schedule): 1.1 Table Plan Implementation Schedule 2016 2017 2018 Incentives Implement Ongoing Conservation Education Ongoing Measures Implement Ongoing Ongoing Meter Testing Program The annual production audit will help determine if the schedule needs to be adjusted to accommodate the implementation of new measures or incentives or the discontinuation of old ones. SECTION OF END 1 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

6 2 WATER USE PROFILE AND FORECAST This provides a description of the Lovelock Meadows Water District system. Section 2.1 chapter distribution system and supply sources with their individual capacities. Section 3.2 addresses identifies water use forecast. the Sections 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5 discuss system water profiles, unaccounted for water respectively and the impact of past conservation regulatory efforts requirements. and EXISTING 2.1 DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPLY SOURCES The Lovelock Meadows General Improvement District was formed in April 1979 as a result of a regional water consolidation of the City of Lovelock, the Big Meadow Water Association, and the Valley system Water The Lovelock Meadows Water District Association. is very large service by rural Nevada area standards, serving over 115 square miles. Approximately 43,500 linear feet of the distribution system, city consisting of various diameters of vitrified clay and cast iron piping, lies within the limits. The former of Big Meadow Water Association portion the distribution system extends south (i.e., of limits the city the Valley), and consists of approximately 25 miles Lower of various diameter ACP and PVC piping. Currently funding is being sought for the replacement of approximately 16 miles of existing 4 ‐ inch to 16 ‐ could inch pipeline. This proposed project diameter reduce the amount of unaccounted ‐ for water due to leaks. Groundwater in the Lovelock area contains high concentrations of sulfate, nitrate, fluoride, and potable dissolved salts and is generally not suitable for municipal consumption. Lovelock obtains its water from three groundwater wells (Wells #5, #7, and #8), located approximately 15 miles supply northeast at to The wells are separated by Oreana, Nevada. 1,500 feet and pump from essentially 1,300 the same aquifer depth. There are no other sources currently being used for municipal purposes. Figure 2.1 shows the combined monthly production during 2013 and 2014 for Wells #5, #7, and #8. The peak monthly demand 2013. in is consistently in July, with 60.6 million gallons pumped 2 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

7 2 USE PROFILE AND WATER FORECAST FIGURE 2.1 Combined Production for Wells #5, #7, and #8 in 2013 and 2014 70 2013 2014 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Monthly Production from Wells 5, 7, and 8 (MG) OCT NOV DEC AUG SEP JUL JUN FEB MAR APR MAY JAN two feet of 16 ‐ inch ACP pipe to wells steel water storage Water the via 53,500 linear is conveyed from of tanks. 1.5 million gallons and 2.5 million gallons, for a total The two storage tanks provide a capacity system distribution at to conveyed is the gallons. From the storage tanks, water capacity of 4.0 million pipes parallel Reservoir Road and Irish American Road. that steel inch ‐ 12 two by points different Water Rights 2.1.1 several underground water rights in the Oreana sub ‐ Lovelock Meadows Water District holds title to duty to combined total a of with basin, up billion The duty gallons annually. 1.010 or feet ‐ acre 3,099.78 at Wells #5, #7, and originates #8. to 464.45 acre ‐ feet of underground water rights in the Lovelock Meadows Water District also holds title underground golf course. The table below summarizes the basin proposed Lovelock a on use for Valley rights. water 3 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

8 2 USE PROFILE AND FORECAST WATER TABLE 2.1 Summary of Ground Water Rights Max Max Rate Max of Permit Annual Source Annual Owner Diversion Numbers Use Use (AFA) (CFS) (MGA) 0.65 1.34 1.98 37989 0.65 1.99 1.00 37991 LOVELOCK 1.00 39712 0.65 1.99 MEADOWS 39714 2.72 841.15 274.09 05 Well WATER 2.00 804.26 45578 262.07 DISTRICT 1.50 455.10 148.29 60215 686.40 9.56 2106.47 3.54 37987 0.02 10.86 37990 0.23 167.25 54.50 LOVELOCK 207.01 635.30 1.00 37992 MEADOWS 07 Well WATER 39713 1.43 635.30 207.01 DISTRICT 2.00 262.07 45577 804.26 2252.97 4.68 734.13 361.98 117.95 0.50 77715 LOVELOCK MEADOWS 08 Well WATER DISTRICT 21.00 64.45 3.00 59252 LOVELOCK MEADOWS 130.34 400.00 3.00 60684 Well Course Golf WATER DISTRICT 6.00 464.45 151.34 77715 ‐ The total combined duty of water under permits 37987, 37989, 37990, See 37991, 37992, 39712, 39713, Permit 39714, 45577, 45578, 60215, and 77715 shall not exceed 3099.78 acre feet or 1,010,000,000 gallons annually. of owner review A of the records of the State Engineer shows that the City of Lovelock is the record several surface water rights associated with Little Rocky Canyon (Pole Creek), East for Certificates Horse Horse Creek), and Wright’s Canyon Creek. Canyon were issued for the (Wild entire flow diverted from these surface water sources under permits 4304, 4305, 4307, and 26828. permits changed decreed rights 01430 These and 01431. Lovelock Meadows Water District currently does not use any surface water for municipal purposes. Proofs Beneficial of Use were also submitted for permits 3772, 3773, and 3774. Certificates were never these Permits, and it is unlikely that they will issued ever for be issued as these sources are not currently being used. The City also is the owner of record to primary storage rights (Permit 40258) on the effluent from the city sewage treatment plant. In order to place this secondary use, water to beneficial 4 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

9 2 USE PROFILE AND FORECAST WATER permits be filed on this storage right describing the manner and place of use. Table 2.2 is a must of surface water rights. the summary TABLE 2.2 Summary of Surface Water Rights Max Rate of Max Max Permit Annual Owner Annual Diversion Source Use Numbers Use (MGA) (CFS) (AFA) of 200.81 3772 City Lovelock 1.10 616.26 Creek Little Rocky 4307 City of Lovelock 0.25 0.00 0.00 Creek) (Pole 1.35 200.81 616.26 200.81 616.26 1.10 Lovelock of City 3773 Canyon Horse East City 0.00 4305 of Lovelock 0.25 0.00 Creek Horse (Wild Creek) 616.26 200.81 1.35 LOVELOCK MEADOWS 0.00 3774 WATER DISTRICT 2.00 0.00 Canyon Wright’s City of Lovelock 4304 0.50 0.00 0.00 Creek LOVELOCK MEADOWS 368 DISTRICT 3.00 119.91 WATER 26828 368 119.91 5.50 40258 of City Lovelock Effluent 557.3 181.60 0.77 review of A records of the State Engineer indicates that all underground rights are currently in good the groundwater standing. Water rights associated with surface water are regulated differently than sources. certified groundwater rights can be forfeited for non ‐ use, surface water rights are Although to a different standard. held rights can only be lost water through abandonment by the owner Surface which these rights, record requires the owner of of or the agent for the owner to request their ownership withdrawal. Even though these rights are no longer being used, will be maintained by the City of Lovelock until the City petitions to withdraw them for whatever reason deemed necessary. 2.2 USE WATER USE FORECAST BASED ON HISTORICAL AND CURRENT Current customer connections total 1,256, which is an increase of 135 over the 1,121 connections reported in 2006. However, the pumping records from 2006 show a year ‐ end total of 478.7 million pumping gallons while total in 2013 was 456.3 million gallons or a decrease of 22.4 million gallons. It is continue anticipated that Lovelock Meadows Water District will to experience water savings as system improvements and new conservation measures are implemented. 5 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

10 2 USE PROFILE AND FORECAST WATER 2.3 USE PROFILE WATER and rates were presented to New public service eventually adopted by the Lovelock Meadows the District Board in January 2005. The most recent rates went into effect in June of 2007. Water See Table 3.2 for the rate schedule. Figure 2.2 shows the percentage of billable water usage for 2013 based on uses Assuming that residential connection small commercial type. fall under ¾” and 1” meter and the for total. categories, water use these categories is approximately 50% of FIGURE 2.2 Classification Connection 2013 Use Percentages for Prison, 23.0% 3/4-inch Meter, 36.6% 4-inch Meter, 9.5% 1-inch 3-inch Meter, 2-inch Meter, Meter, 0.7% 18.2% 11.2% 1 1/2-inch Meter, 0.8% for each meter size category The is shown in Figure 2.3. Residential average annual use per connection up the majority of the total water usage, accounts for the and small commercial, although making greatest by far the water user, at 92.8 Prison is Water use by the smallest water use per connection. connection. single its for gallons million 6 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

11 2 USE PROFILE AND FORECAST WATER FIGURE 2.3 categories of Average Annual Use per Connection for each 2013 the meter for 4 ‐ inch Meter, 6.35 3/4 inch ‐ MG Meter, Other, 9.18 Prison, 92.81 MG 0.12 MG MG 1 inch ‐ Meter, 0.27 MG 1 inch ‐ 1/2 ‐ inch 3 Meter, Meter, 0.12 1.40 MG MG 0.92 Meter, inch ‐ 2 MG WATER FOR ‐ UNACCOUNTED 2.4 total water production from was water of amount by The for ‐ unaccounted comparing the determined 2013. #5, #7, and #8 with customer billing records for years 2004, 2005, and Wells Refer to the table water. below regarding the percent of unaccounted ‐ for TABLE 2.3 for ‐ Unaccounted Water Unaccounted-for Total Production % Total Billed Water Year Wells #5, #7, #8 Unaccounted-for (MG) (MG) (MG) 2013 12.0 53.2 403.1 456.3 2006 478.7 384.5 94.2 19.7 470.7 376.5 94.3 20.0 2005 2004 471.8 409.1 62.7 13.3 for registering Causes ‐ under meters, dead mains, Leaking numerous. are for unaccounted being water the meters, record keeping practices, un ‐ metered uses, and multiple users on meters all contribute to indicates Regardless of the cause, a water loss of 20.0% problem. that the water system is not operating efficiently. Reducing District. this loss will improve the conservation efforts of Lovelock Water Meadows The improvement several from benefitted has distribution District Water Meadows Lovelock system may This 2006. since projects decreased have losses for ‐ unaccounted that reason the of part be since 7 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

12 2 USE PROFILE AND FORECAST WATER that However the water loss calculations presented above may be understated: source meters time. not tested in the past 10 years; there have been been as many as 150 non ‐ functioning meters in have past; under ‐ registering meters have not been identified and the reservoir levels have not been recorded prior after meter readings. or District does not have Currently, distribution leak the detection program. Leaks in the system are a through meter readings and customer detected reports. ESTIMATED AMOUNT OF WATER CONSERVED DUE TO MEASURES 2.5 use (See Appendix G) shows Table the range of residential 2.4 per person per day using the U.S. Census population estimate (1,894) for Lovelock. For estimating purposes ¾” 2010 connection amounts from 2013 were assumed to be all residential. TABLE 2.4 of Residential Water Use in Gallons per Day (EPA Estimates) Range Use Per Person (High) Per Person (Low) 6.4 Toilets 48.00 Showers 7.50 75.00 Baths 6.00 10.00 Washing Machine 9.00 25.00 1.00 Dish Washer 4.50 Kitchen Faucet 15.00 1.00 1.00 Bathroom Faucet 9.00 Landscape 12.2 162.6 Total 44.1 349.1 use equal Currently the average per person per day approximately in Lovelock is 213.7 gallons which is to State average. The application of residential conservation measures and incentives encouraged the person education (see Section 6.3) could reduce this average. The per usage of 44.1 gal/day through shown in Table (gpd) is unrealistic such a 2.4 dry state but 150 gpd may be reasonable. Table 2.5 in shows new averages that can be achieved with such a reduction individual use. in TABLE 2.5 Conservation Residential from Education Resulting % of Population Amount Conserved Annually New gpcd Average (gal) Consuming 150 gallons/day (MG) 25 197.8 11.0 50 181.8 22.0 75 165.9 33.0 assumes * Table level population number The amounts in Table 2.5 are what will be expected as a result of conservation education. A range is provided because it is difficult to determine the exact response to conservation education. Lovelock Meadows Water District has recently system improvements including pipe replacement. made It is anticipated that these improvements will reduce water losses due to leaks. Because these will be improvements are relatively new, it is difficult to estimate at this time how much water 8 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

13 2 USE PROFILE AND FORECAST WATER kept to these improvements. However, meter records due over the next five years will conserved how much water has indicate been conserved. It is anticipated that the improvement will be significant. CONSERVATION OF PRIOR 2.6 IMPACT EFFORTS REQUIREMENTS of previous There is not currently enough information to determine the impact efforts. It is conservation expected that data collected over the next several years will show a significant improvement due to ‐ better system operation relating for to ‐ the new SCADA and a further decrease in the unaccounted replacement percentage associated with the water of the old distribution piping. SECTION END OF 9 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

14 3 BASE CASE WATER CONSERVATION INCENTIVES AND MEASURES 3.1 CASE CONSERVATION INCENTIVES BASE raises incentive by definition is A something that conservation awareness about saving water. There are classes of conservation incentives: (1) three educational, (2) financial, and (3) regulatory. The following conservation incentives are included here for reference. The incentive for each of these is classification in parentheses. 3.1.1 Water Shortage and Waste of Water Ordinance (Regulatory) The County and/or City are responsible for enacting The intent of water ordinances is to ordinances. limit water use during a water shortage and drought conditions, or to restrict use if it is found that water is wasted. Ordinances being should define “water shortage” “waste of water” and include sections and enforcement through the use of citations, fines, and discontinuation of service. A landscape code on well. should be considered by the county or city as 3.1.2 Use Education (Educational) Landscape for both residences and Educational can be information businesses mailers, form of the guides, and in This conservation plan is also a resource that can be employed. Appendix websites. gives a list of B compatible shrubs, trees, and plant for Pershing County. 3.1.3 Conservation Literature (Educational) District will consider utilizing education The and resources for the water system tools users through the use of:  and Landscape guides Home Mailers  Websites  Lawn  Schedules Watering Plumbing Fixture Retrofit Kits provided by  the utility  Video Instruction Watcher  personnel Water  Home Water Audits  Water Hotlines  Water Conservation Plan The Watering Schedule (Regulatory) 3.1.4 Odd/Even watering schedules to include residences and businesses should be considered. Such a during schedule could be implemented periods of drought. Plan (Educational) 3.1.5 Water Conservation 10 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

15 3 CASE WATER CONSERVATION INCENTIVES AND MEASURES BASE The in this water conservation plan can be used for educational purposes. It must be information for inspection by members of the public during office hours at the offices of the supplier of available water. Water Rates (Financial) 3.1.6 as a conservation incentive, Water to increase rates, awareness about work the value of water reducing and can motivate water users to implement water conservation measures. use The current Lovelock Meadows Water District rates were adopted by the Lovelock Meadows Water in January 2005. The first phase of the new rates went into effect in April of 2005 with District Board the phase being implemented in June of 2007 second (see Table 3.1). As a measure of the success of the first rate increase, billed use ‐ per ‐ connection remained nearly constant from 2004 through 2006. This would However, water. indicate that the first rate adjustment had no impact on customer use of use ‐ per ‐ the decreased between 2006 and 2013 for all but two connection classes (4 ‐ inch, and prison). connection comparison. 3.1 See for Table TABLE 3.1 2006 and 2013 Comparison of Use ‐ Per ‐ Connection 2013 D ecrease in Use (MG) Connection 2006 3/4-inch Meter 0.14 0.12 0.02 1-inch Meter 0.31 0.27 0.04 1 1/2-inch Meter 0.32 0.12 0.2 2-inch Meter 1.04 0.92 0.12 3-inch Meter 1.91 1.4 0.51 4-inch Meter 5.01 6.35 -1.34 Prison 73.58 92.81 -19.23 Although the current rate structure does not include multiple tiers, the rates have been designed to the encourage conservation as well as generate sufficient revenue for operational Districts monthly requirements. The rates are also at a level where the average bill will be at or above one percent of the still median household income. This amount is generally considered affordable but conservation. sufficiently to encourage high TABLE 3.2 Lovelock Meadows Water District Water Rates (as of 2014) Base Rate Base Rate $ Charge Per 1000 Gallons Meter Size Allotment (gal) $ Charge Over Base Allotment 30.00 7,000 < ¾” 2.00 1” 36.00 7,000 2.00 1 ½” 51.00 7,000 2.00 2” 7,000 2.00 69.00 3” 126.00 7,000 2.00 4” 210.00 7,000 2.00 Prison 2.00 1,200,000 4,200.00 11 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

16 3 CASE WATER CONSERVATION INCENTIVES AND MEASURES BASE 3.1.7 Meters (Financial) Water meters are a device, they don’t actually save any water according to the definition a water Although of measure. Because of this they are a conservation incentive. conservation considered recent years, the list of inactive (not functioning) meters in the District In been as high has as 150 although Meadows Water District continues to make Lovelock progress and reports no non ‐ meters, or dead meters. Non functioning functioning meters are reported at the end of each month and are ‐ at that time. replaced District reports no unmetered The in the system. There are some multiple users on single meters users in District will consider connecting these users to single meters order to better evaluate water and the and losses. use of the wells in the Lovelock Meadows Water District except well #6 have been fitted with new meters All and been integrated into a SCADA have The system #6 is non ‐ potable). (well SCADA and meters that been added to the system allow have Lovelock Meadows Water District to more effectively operate the water system. CONSERVATION BASE 3.2 CASE MEASURES are or There behavior two classifications of conservation measures: (1) Hardware or equipment and (2) management The following conservation measures being currently used or proposed to be practices. the Lovelock used Water District conservation program. The measure in classification is in Meadows parentheses. 3.2.1 Effluent Use (Behavior/Management) Treated effluent can be used to irrigate landscapes on public property and cemeteries and can also be used for amount construction purposes and agriculture. Because the of effluent currently generated is relative small, agricultural use is not practical. Currently the City of Lovelock, Not Lovelock Meadows does Water District, controls the available effluent. Also Lovelock Meadows Water District not have the financial to implement an effluent use system. capability is reasons water reuse not practical For these this time. at 3.2.2 Leak Detection through Water District currently Lovelock leaks Meadows meter readings and customer reports. detects Whenever a meter shows unusually high use Lovelock Meadows Water District personnel are sent to investigate. a leak is discovered the customer If notified. Presently Lovelock Meadows Water District is does not have a distribution level leak detection program in place. Appendix I has residential meter reading and leak detection instructions. SECTION OF END 12 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

17 4 COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION MEASURES be are comprehensive conservation measures that can employed by the District to The following the base case measure itemized in section 3. As stated in section 3, conservation supplement measures are divided into two types: (1) Hardware/Equipment measures and (2) Behavioral/Managerial measures. can also be classified into five Conservation categories measures application: (1) of Residences, (2) Landscape, (3) Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional (ICI) (4) Agricultural, and (5) Water Utilities. In addition measures in this section, Appendix A to includes specific conservation measures for residential, commercial/industrial, and institutional water users. The following conservation measures are included here reference and for are classified first by application and then by type. GENERAL CONSERVATION MEASURES 4.1 4.1.1 Plumbing Standards standards are The most recent federal plumbing standards (table 4.1) are included here since these in applicable the DCU service area. It is valuable to include California’s standards for reference since to most cases California’s requirements infers are more stringent. comparison that there are plumbing The fixtures available that exceed federal efficiency requirements and offer consumers alternatives that further conservation efforts. improve TABLE 4.1 and Federal California Plumbing Standards FEDERAL ENERGY POLICY ACT (FEPA) CALIFORNIA le and Installation Effective Date Device Manufacture Effective Date Sa 2.5 gpm* 1/1/94 2.5 gpm 3/20/92 Shower Heads Lavatory Faucets 2.5 gpm 1/1/94 2.2 gpm 3/20/92 Sink Faucets 2.5 gpm 1/1/94 2.2 gpm 3/20/92 † Metering Faucets * 1/1/94 7/1/92 ‡ Tub Spout Diverters Not included in FEPA 3/20/92 0.1 to 0.3 1.6 gpf 1/1/94 3/20/92 Residential Toilets 1.6gpf § 1/1/97 1.6 gpf 1/1/92 1.6 gpf Flushometer Valves 1/1/97 Commercial Toilets 1/1/94 1.6 gpf 1.6 gpf 1.0 gpf 1/1/94 1.0 gpf 1/1/92 Urinals Gallons per * minute. ** 0.25 gal/cycle (pertains to maximum water delivery per cycle. † Hot water maximum flow rate range from 0.25 to 0.75 gal/cycle and/or from 0.5 gpm to 2.5 gpm, depending on controls and hot water system. ‡ 0.1 (new), to0.3 gpm (after 15,000 cycles of diverting). § flush. per Gallons 13 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

18 4 CONSERVATION MEASURES COMPREHENSIVE 4.1.2 Conservation Measures Drought supplied by Lovelock Meadows Water District from groundwater sources. Because of All water comes it is difficult to determine the effect of a drought year this on the groundwater system and the a drought may not be detected in the of water table until several consequences after the drought. years this reason For is important that Lovelock Meadows Water District monitor precipitation, surface it water levels, and water table levels over the long term. An annual review of water supplies should be determine the availability of done water for the current year and the following year. to This analysis before done in the should be the high use season. spring measures, conservation In order to determine when it is necessary to impose special drought parameters limits must be established for groundwater levels and groundwater levels or should relate to measures. For instance, if drops to a groundwater certain level, a corresponding stage of drought how measures are then required. Lovelock Meadows Water District will determine groundwater levels relate to the different stages of drought. similar to This plan uses a drought assessment system Water the one used by the Southern Nevada Authority that includes the following (SNWA) levels of drought observation:  No Drought Drought Watch   Drought Alert  Drought Emergency are There specific measures associated with each stage of drought that apply to water customers and Water Lovelock Meadows Water District. Table 4.5 summarizes Lovelock Meadows District responsibilities. 14 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

19 4 CONSERVATION MEASURES COMPREHENSIVE TABLE 4.5 MEADOWS DISTRICT Drought Conservation Measures WATER LOVELOCK Informat ion Measures LOVELOCK MEADOWS Reduction Goal Stage WATER DISTRICT Measures Institute intensive leak Encourage conservation reduction program, 10% through educational Reduce % of unaccounted No Drought for water. efforts Increase enforcement. Use media to communicate drought Reduce water use for information, warn of flushing, public fountains, potential for more and public facility 15-18% Drought Watch stringent measures st landscape irrigation. 1 associated with stage measures. st succeeding stages. 1 stage measures. Public officials appeal for Prohibit all public water water use reductions. uses not required for 25-30% Explain details of Drought Alert st health or safety. 1 and st nd emergency. 1 and 2 nd 2 stage measures. stage measures. Prohibit all outdoor water use and selected nd st rd 1 , and 3 , 2 stage commercial/industrial use. 50% or more Drought Emergency measures. st rd nd 1 , and 3 stage , 2 measures. save measures implemented by customers Drought can conservation more water than those measures also reason applied by Lovelock Meadows Water District (Table 4.5). For this be water customers must expected employ special conservation measures during to times of drought. Special drought measures for users water conservation have been divided into the following categories: 1. Fountains and Water Features 3 Government Facilities Irrigation 4. Landscape 5. Mist Systems 6. Parks and Community Use Areas 7. Pools 8. Surface, Equipment, Washing and Building 9. Turf Installation 10. Vehicle Washing Fountains 4.1.2.1 Water Features and 4.6. Drought measures are summarized in table 15 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

20 4 CONSERVATION MEASURES COMPREHENSIVE 4.6 TABLE Measures for Drought Fountains and Features Stage Residential Common Areas Commercial May maintain a re- circulating water pool to Same as residential but sustain pumps, pond feature cannot be liners, surface coatings incorporated into an entry and ancillary equipment. Fountains and features with a way of streetscape, as 2 The feature of fountain or less Watch surface area of 200 ft defined by local may run only between 1 allowed. government and only one a.m. and 4 a.m. or fountain or water feature whenever freezing may be operated. conditions require system preservation. Fountains and features with a 2 Alert surface area of 25 ft Same as Watch or less Same as Watch allowed. Fountains and features not Fountains and features not Fountains and features Emergency allowed. allowed. not allowed. 4.1.2.2 Government Facilities 4.8. Drought measures are summarized in table TABLE 4.8 Measures for Government Facilities Drought Stage Government Facilities Watch To be determined by LOVELOCK MEADOWS WA TER DISTRICT after government facility Alert needs have been established. Emergency 4.1.2.3 Landscape Watering Drought measures are summarized in table 4.9. 4.9 TABLE Landscape for Measures Watering Drought Stage Winter (Oct – Mar) Sprin g, Summer, Fall (Apr – Sept) Watch No Watering 2 assigned days per week No Watering Alert 2 assigned days per week Emergency No Watering To be determined 4.1.2.4 Mist Systems 4.10. Drought measures are summarized in table 16 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

21 4 CONSERVATION MEASURES COMPREHENSIVE TABLE 4.10 Measures Misting Systems for Drought Commercial Stage Residential Use only for human comfort in June, July, Watch Allowed, No restrictions and August and only between the hours of noon and 6 p.m. Use only for human comfort in June, July, and August and only between the hours of Alert Allowed, No restrictions noon and 6 p.m. Not allowed Emergency Not allowed Parks and 4.1.2.5 Use Areas Community measures are Drought in table 4.11. summarized TABLE 4.11 Measures for Parks and Community Use Areas Drought Stage Parks and Community Use Areas Watch To be determined by LOVELOCK MEADOWS WATER s needs have been DISTRICT after park Alert established. Emergency 4.1.2.6 Swimming Pools are 4.12. Drought measures table summarized in 4.12 TABLE Measures Swimming Drought Pools for Stage Swimming Pools Watch No restrictions. Pools should be drained into the sewer system so the water can be recycled. Alert Emergency Not to be filled during drought emergency 4.1.2.7 Surface Equipment and Building Washing 4.13. Drought measures are summarized in table 4.13 TABLE Surface Measures for Building Equipment and Drought Washing Stage Surface Equipment and Building Washing Watch Prohibited unless water is discharged into the sanitary sewer through approved methods Alert or contained onsite. Emergency Vehicle Washing 4.1.2.8 4.14. Drought measures are summarized in table 17 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

22 4 CONSERVATION MEASURES COMPREHENSIVE TABLE 4.14 Measures Drought Vehicle Washing for Commercial Vehicle Washing Personal Vehicle Washing Stage Only at a facility where water is discharged Watch into the sanitary sewer through approve Once a week per vehicle using a hose with methods. Also with high-pressure, low- an automatic shut-off nozzle. Alert volume sprayer using less than 10 gallons per vehicle. Not allowed Not allowed Emergency Installation 4.1.2.9 Turf measures are summarized in table 4.15. Drought 4.15 TABLE Measures New Turf Installation for Drought Residential Single and Multi-family Non-Residential Stage Allowed within limits of Landscape Code. Watch Allowed limits of Landscape Code. Allowed within Alert Allowed Not allowed Emergency Not allowed General Water 4.1.2.10 User Measures measures are summarized in table 4.16. Drought 4.16 TABLE Drought General Measures General Water User Measures Stage Mandatory restrictions on all outside uses by residential users, except landscape Watch irrigation. Unnecessary outdoor uses by any commercial users prohibited. Alert All outdoor water use severely restricted. Serve water in restaurants only upon request. commercial and industri Emergency All outdoor water use and selected al use prohibited. Emergency Conservation Measures 4.1.3 4.1.3.1 Definition Lovelock Meadows Water District has a sufficient Currently storage capacity to meet the needs of its service area. However, during the peak daily demand of the summer months, the run times for both need will wells #5 and #7 is almost continuous at 24 hours a day. Lovelock Meadows Water District to system capacity to determine at what point an emergency should be declared. Conditions other monitor capacity that might require inadequate declaration pump of emergency include major water line a breaks, pump or system failures, or contamination of water supply sources. Regardless of the reason, measures the goal of emergency allow would to restrict water usage to be the water system to recover from the emergency condition. The following sections discuss additional measures that may be implemented during an emergency. 4.1.3.2 Meadows Water District Operational Measures Lovelock emergency: water The following are operation measures that should be implemented for a 18 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

23 4 CONSERVATION MEASURES COMPREHENSIVE Continue all actions from watch and alert stages (drought conservation measures), as  appropriate. All emergency measures should be applied  with any additional measures that Lovelock Water District considers Meadows to be necessary. problem should be defined as an emergency by Lovelock Meadows Water District.  The  established Water use reduction goals should be by Lovelock Meadows Water District. from percentage Single ‐ family residences may be set as a per house allotment or as a previous consumption. Commercial, multi ‐ family, and years industrial should be asked to average use by a percentage of the reduce of the previous year’s consumption. their  Penalties or excess use charges should be established for customers that exceed allotment. be Lovelock Meadows Water District billing system could  adjusted to implement penalty or use charges.  Enforcement actions should be increased. of Inform local law enforcement  the need for assistance. actions.  Increase aquifer level monitoring 19 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

24 4 CONSERVATION MEASURES COMPREHENSIVE 4.1.3.3 Measures Communication following The the communication measures that should be implemented for a water emergency: are Meadows Water District will increase the frequency of reports to the board. The  Lovelock report will include the suggested nature and initial scope of proposed conservation reports should provide details on measure implementation measures. Subsequent and to those response measures. customer Provide status reports to  with special interests, public agencies including the City of entities school districts, Lovelock, fire departments, and law enforcement agencies. Through a media campaign and direct mail announce to Lovelock Meadows Water District  the: customers Scope and o of the measures. nature Reasons for imposing the o measures. use Water goals. o reduction o mechanisms and fines. Enforcement o Projections for how long the measures will be in place. or excess use o charges. Penalty Clearly identify any  exemptions from the conservation measures.  Inform customers about reductions cause. possible pressure may and any problems this  Provide landscape firms with conservation measure information. water Provide contractors and landscape firm’s information on  locations to obtain reclaimed (effluent) for street cleaning, construction projects, irrigation, dust control, etc.  Post updated status reports on Lovelock Meadows Water District website. Post signs where possible  that note major conservation measures.  Continue to enhance communication measures. This includes increasing education and for establishing a hotline emergency updates. on  Keep fire departments informed they the status of the emergency and require that discontinue use of water the in until the training emergency is over. exercises 4.1.3.4 Emergency Conservation Summary Advance preparation is necessary for the successful implementation of emergency conservation to measures. Public education prior an emergency is essential. It is also important that communication procedures systems (hotlines, websites, etc.) have been set ‐ up in advance. Enforcement including personnel assignments should also be outlined ahead of time. OF END SECTION 20 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

25 5 CONSERVATION INCENTIVES COMPREHENSIVE can following are comprehensive conservation The that be employed by the District to incentives supplement the base case incentives itemized in section 3. A conservation incentive is something that increases awareness about the value of reducing water use. Incentives can help motivate water users to implement water conservation measures. As into divided stated in section 3, conservation measures are 3 categories categories: Educational, Financial, and Regulatory. This chapter discusses each of these and provides examples of incentives. 5.1 EDUCATIONAL INCENTIVES 5.1.1 Literature Examples of conservation literature include water even saving guides, direct mailers, or possibly bills that include historical redesigned use information. The following are examples of conservation literature. FIGURE 5.1 Page Pershing County Water Conservation Guide and Sample 21 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

26 5 COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION INCENTIVES guide like the one in figure 5.1 can be distributed by Lovelock Meadows Water District to new A when service they start their water and contains suggestions for indoor and outdoor customers on conservation. The guide also provides instructions basic leak repair and encourages residential water installation of water saving the devices. that education resource is landscape guides conservation contain detailed how ‐ to information. Another landscape guides may give advice on landscape design including plant layout, These how to properly install an automated irrigation system, and which plants are best suited for the specific region. Lawn care guides that include the Refrigerator magnets utilities summer watering schedule can be helpful. B that the watering schedule are also a possibility. Appendix have includes a list of plants that grow well the Lovelock in area. signs can be used in restaurants to inform Table patrons that if they want water they must request it. the AWWA. These signs can be obtained from sign. Figure 5.2 is an example of such a 5.2 FIGURE Table Tent for use in restaurants Internet websites are also a good way to distribute water conservation information and can be less websites expensive then published materials. Many existing contain instructional information on the subjects: following 22 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

27 5 COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION INCENTIVES  Xeriscaping Irrigation  Rebates  Schedules Watering  Rates  Water Care Lawn  Saving Appliances  Water  Instructions Meter Reading Tips Leak  Detection Water Conservation Tips  Water  Audit Forms Waste Report Forms  Water Water Exemptions  Use Water Conservation Plan  C Appendix contain list of websites that contains water conservation information. a otherwise indicated, the educational literature included in Unless conservation plan is not currently this being used by Lovelock Meadows Water District and is for reference purposes only. The additional a is intended to be resource for ideas that included literature can be implemented if more conservation necessary and if the Lovelock Meadows incentives Water District budget can support such become incentives. Conservation Workshops 5.1.2 utilities workshops can be Conservation by to promote water conservation. Workshop conducted water include audits, subject matter can but is not limited to xeriscaping, irrigation, home etc. Lovelock District currently does not Meadows conduct Water water conservation workshops or training. A possible approach to workshops may be to train persons in industries that are affected by be conservation (landscapers, nurseries, appliance vendors, etc.). They in turn may encouraged to offer clinics promoting conservation. 5.1.3 School Curriculums There are a number of school curriculums available on ‐ line from other cities. Utilities can sponsor also to schools where students can be instructed visits by members of water related industries or special government entities. Some of these visits have taken place in Nevada schools where visitors included from employees Nevada Department of Environmental Protection, the U.S. Forest Service, members the of the Indian Tribes, and the River Wranglers. Lovelock Meadows Water District currently does not local in place. have a school visiting program 23 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

28 5 COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION INCENTIVES FINANCIAL INCENTIVES 5.2 include rebates, inclining rate schedules, savings and so forth. Lovelock Meadows incentives Financial a District have the financial capability to institute does rebate program at this time. However, Water not current rate schedule does encourage the conservation. REGULATORY INCENTIVES 5.3 include but are not limited Regulatory incentives conservation policies and ordinances, laws and to and irrigation schedules. It is important to have a means of enforcing regulatory plumbing codes, or they will not be incentives as effective. For this reason enforcement information is included in this section. Note that Lovelock Meadows Water District does not have the authority to or enact draft or codes. It is the responsibility of the County and/or City to do so. ordinances Watering Schedules 5.3.1 Lovelock Meadows Water District currently does not use a watering schedule. An example of a typical th be one in which an odd/even watering would schedule becomes effective schedule May 10 from st addresses through October 1 numbered . This schedule requires that all water customers with even ‐ water even numbered calendar days and odd ‐ numbered addresses water on odd ‐ numbered calendar on st No watering is allowed on the 31 days. be of the month. Watering is only to done between the hours of 7:00 p.m. and 10:00 a.m. For this schedule to be effective it should be part of a City or County enacted water which should include ordinance, provisions for enforcement. Another effective watering program that could be implemented if more restrictive watering becomes necessary Thursday is the “Water Twice a Week” plan. It allows for watering of lawns on say Sunday and Saturday for numbered addresses and Wednesday and odd for even numbered addresses. Businesses water on Tuesday and Friday. No one is allowed to water on Monday off which becomes a day for the between watering system. Watering is allowed at any time except 1:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m. which is the times. time off highest daytime temperatures. Figure 5.3 shows the ideal watering 24 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

29 5 COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION INCENTIVES FIGURE 5.3 Watering Times in LOVELOCK MEADOWS WATER DISTRICT Service Area Ideal 10am ‐ 7pm Water Don’t 10am ‐ 4am Between These H to Time Best Water Water to OK 7pm ‐ 4am that and temperatures match to properly timed are timers irrigation that important also is It seasonal to need only should stations irrigation individual Additionally, raining. is it when done not is watering for about 10 to 15 minutes run before runoff and form occurs. puddles Standards Landscape 5.3.2 Lovelock Meadows Water District currently does not have a district wide Landscape Code. The following potential code provision that provide summarizes and residential both for guidelines critical Landscape landscape commercial/industrial elements Codes should include all the applications. of a the for installation that Lovelock Meadows Water District does not water efficient landscape. Note County and/or City have the authority to draft or enact ordinances or codes. It is the responsibility of the to do so. 5.3.2.1 Landscape Size for Water District the in defined is landscapes of Size code building zones in all the Lovelock Meadows upon service area. Landscape zoning. depending percent 20 to 6 from vary sizes Materials 5.3.2.2 Landscape to be planted are sizes and quantities of trees and shrubs are defined in the code. Trees Minimum not Appendix B of this plan. identified. in included also is climates in thrive that trees of list A arid 25 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

30 5 COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION INCENTIVES minimum and maximum areas allowed for turf installation in multi ‐ family and commercial/industrial The are on defined. The turf section also encourages the use of effluent these properties as it developments available. maximum slope of the turf is also limited at 4 to 1. Ground cover types are becomes The specified as shrubs, turf, vines, meadow grass, and wild flowers, or other living ground covers. any Minimum amounts of unplanted, non ‐ living materials are identified in the code. These materials include other bark, decorative rock or non ‐ living materials. wood chips, code also specifies that soils in planted areas are The to be loosened and amended with organic depths materials. also defined to Mulch reduce evaporation. are 5.3.2.3 Landscape Irrigation regulations Water conserving irrigation regarding is encouraged. The following items are included in the irrigation: irrigation of drip Use where appropriate.  Use of  irrigation timers.  Use of storm water harvesting systems.  Water conserving sprinkler heads.  of reduced pressure PVB’s. Use Depth of water line  (to avoid freezing)  Schedule 40 PVC required. 5.3.3 Water Ordinance Lovelock Meadows Water District currently does not have the authority to establish ordinances or codes. City of Lovelock and Pershing County should The be encouraged to have an ordinance that defines “water shortage” and “waste of water.” Lovelock Meadows Water District could add the definitions to their Rules and Regulations. If these ordinances are enacted they will be included in Appendix F once it is completed. OF SECTION END 26 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

31 6 WATER CONSERVATION INITIATIVES AND RECOMMENDATIONS Conservation and incentives included in this plan may not all be implemented immediately measures Water to the financial limitations of the Lovelock Meadows District. However they are included in due plan as a reference so that they the can be quickly put in place when funding becomes available. This section incentives and measures that are currently in place as well discusses conservation those that as can be improved upon as and funding allow. technology 6.1 LOVELOCK MEADOWS WATER DISTRICT CONSERVATION MEASURES 6.1.1 Conservation Management manager of the Lovelock Meadows Water District is responsible for The conservation budget, the organizing educational programs and overseeing Lovelock Meadows Water District conservation efforts (leak detection, public awareness, water loss accountability, etc.). He also will review and update the conservation every five years and will evaluate the plan effectiveness of existing conservation measures and incentives. 6.1.2 Meter Testing Program The District will an annual implement meter program to locate and replace inoperative and testing inches. under registering 2 meters, particularly those over 6.2 FINANCIAL MEASURES 6.2.1 Water Conservation Budget the original version of this Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District has created Since a water conservation budget. The conservation budget will be primarily for used the distribution of conservation education materials. 6.3 EDUCATIONAL INCENTIVES Educational 6.3.1 of Materials Distribution Lovelock Meadows Water District will distribute educational materials similar to those discussed in available Section 5.1.1. Distribution consists of materials being at the Lovelock Meadows Water District office and including them with monthly water bills. 6.4 HARDWARE MEASURES SYSTEM WIDE significant changes have taken place Two in the Lovelock Meadows Water District since the Water Conservation Plan was first written. The changes include the installation of a SCADA system and the Since replacement a significant amount of distribution piping. of these changes were relatively recent, the effect that they have on the system has not yet been completely quantified. However, the reduction even further. in unaccounted for water has been significant and is expected to drop 27 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

32 6 WATER CONSERVATION INITIATIVES AND RECOMMDENDATIONS The benefits of SCADA include quick response to system emergencies including leaks, which can save trends Additionally, SCADA can help track water usage valuable over time. This data can be used water. and to calculate optimal water requirements, identify existing and system potential weaknesses in a SCADA with associated efficiency resource Additionally, challenges. develop water to responses optimal helps to reduce operational costs. Money saved system as a result of SCADA could be used for other conserve that could upgrades even more water. SECTION END OF 28 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

33 APPENDIX A – CONSERVATION MEASURES Conservation measures are divided into two types: (1) Hardware/Equipment and (2) Behavioral/Managerial. of these is subdivided into five Each categories of application: (1) Residential, (2) Landscape, (3) Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional (ICI) (4) Agricultural, and (5) Purveyor. The application following measures will be classified first by conservation and then by type. These measures are suggestions and can only be enforced if included as part of an ordinance. RESIDENTIAL CONSERVATION MEASURES A.1 A.1.1 Behavioral Measures offered A.1.1.1 Residential Water Audits. Water audits could target high be use customers first and then to customers. The following elements should be all part of an effective audit.  Purpose for the audit.  Estimation of use for all fixtures and appliances.  Check for and repair leaks. Measures)  Evaluation of Landscape (See “Landscape Conservation  of outdoor Evaluation water use.  Evaluate efficiency measures.  Educate customers using available flyers take An audit should no more than 30 to 45 minutes. Additional Measures. The sample pamphlets A.1.1.2 in Appendix A include additional behavioral measures. conservation 29 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

34 APPENDIX A – CONSERVATION MEASURES A.1.2 Hardware/Equipment Measures following is a list of devices/practices that will reduce water consumption in the home. The Measure Description Bathroom/Kitchen Fixtures Low-flow toilets 1.6 gallons per flush close flappers, other ha Toilet retrofit devices rdware and adjustments Bladders (bags), dams, early Toilet leak repairs Includes detection (dye tabs) a nd replacement of worn parts. Low-volume shower heads 2.5 gallons per minute @ 80 psi Includes temporary cutoff valves and restrictors. Showerhead retrofit devices Low-volume faucets 2.5 gallons per minute @ 80 psi Faucet retrofit devices Includes aerators, activation sensors, self closing and metered valves Faucet maintenance repacking, tightening, and cleaning aerators Includes washer replacement, Water pressure reduction Only needed if house pressure exceeds what’s required High Efficiency Appliances 27 gallons per load Clothes washers Dish washers 4.5 gallons per load A.2 CONSERVATION MEASURES LANDSCAPE A.2.1 Behavioral Measures A.2.1.1 Landscape Water Audits. Landscape water audits should be conducted on park and golf course irrigation systems and could be considered an option on residential irrigation systems, targeting high ‐ users. volume  for the audit. Purpose Estimation of outdoor use based on meter records.  leaks. repair  Check for and turf,  of Landscape (size, soil, amount of types of plants) Evaluation Evaluation  irrigation system (Timers, Use of drip, Precipitation amounts). of  recommendations. Efficiency  using Educate available flyers customers A residential landscape audit should take no more than an hour. Parks and golf courses could take substantially longer. A.2.1.2 Xeriscape™. Xeriscape is a method of landscaping that employs low ‐ water use plants, turf, ground covers, shrubs and trees. It includes careful planning, soil analysis, and irrigation system design. A.1.1.3 Additional Measures. The sample pamphlets in Section 5.1 include additional behavioral conservation measures. Measures Hardware/Equipment A.2.2 30 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

35 APPENDIX – CONSERVATION MEASURES A Landscape measures consist of two basic groups: (1) Landscape materials and (2) irrigation hardware equipment. Measure Description Landscape Materials nd altitude and be drought tolerant Trees, plants, and grass Should be well suited to climate a needles. Organic mulches help to retain soil Grass clippings, leaves, wood chips, bark, and pine Organic mulch moisture and keep ground cool around plants. and stepping stones. Inorganic mulches are Boulders, gravel, pavers, decomposed granite, generally more for decorative purposes but they reduce the amount of trees, plants, and turf Inorganic mulch thereby conserving water. Made of manure or biosolids and wood, straw, gr ass, and leaves. Helps plants stay healthy and Compost retains moisture in the soil. Irrigation Equipment Valves requirements and checked periodically for leaks Should be sized to meet quirements of area being irrigated. Should match water volume re Sprinkler Heads Should have proper arc of co verage and proper trajectory. Sprinkler Nozzles s, and starts. Also rain delays and sensor Should have required number of stations, program Irrigation Controllers terminals. Drip irrigation Insures water is directed to where it’s needed. INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL, AND INSTITUTIONAL (ICI) CONSERVATION A.3 MEASURES and Hardware/Equipment Measures A.3.1 Behavioral ICI Water Audits. Since ICI water audits can require a substantial amount of time A.3.1.1 hours or (4 more), it may be necessary to have a private engineering firm hired by the water user conduct audit for could the audit. There is incentive ICI customers to pay for audits since the results of an should translate substantial savings. An ICI water audit into include the following elements:  from ICI owners, Support managers, and employees  Survey/Estimation of facility use based on meter records.  Calculation of water ‐ related costs. efficiency measures.  Evaluation of periods  of payback Evaluation for measures.  Efficiency recommendations and implementation.  Tracking and reporting system. A.3.1.2 Manual is Washing. Manual washing hoses done on surfaces with cleaning and cloths. MANUAL WASHING Hardware/Equipment Measures Behavioral Measures High pressure low-volume hoses with   Surfaces should be swept or brushed off before automatic shut-off nozzles using water to clean.  High-pressure pumps, steam cleaners. 31 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

36 APPENDIX – CONSERVATION MEASURES A Washing. Vehicle washing includes manual washing Vehicle and automated car washes or a A.3.1.3 of both. combination VEHICLE WASHING Hardware/Equipment Measures Behavioral Measures   Limit number of spray nozzles and set flow Recycling systems. These would include filters rates at lowest volume and pressure required. and storage tanks. mated systems so that  High pressure pumping systems.  Adjust nozzles in auto they take full advantage of gravity and position. Also make sure water shuts off after vehicles have passed.  Increase conveyor speeds or reduce rinse cycle time. Sweep wash area before using water to clean.  Establish a regular maintenance schedule that  includes checking for leaks and making repairs. areas of A.3.1.4 Kitchens and Restaurants. Kitchen and restaurant conservation is divided into four application; Garbage 1. Food and drink preparation, 2. Dishwashing, 3. disposal and scraping trough, and 4. Ice making. AND FOOD PREPARATION DRINK Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures Presoak and wash food service articles in Low-volume faucets   basins instead of running water. Hands-free foot pedal valves for faucets   Reduce thawing of food with hot water unless  On demand hot water dispensers required by law. If required use lower flow. Avoid running water to melt ice in sinks.  Use full loads in dishwashers and other  automated equipment. Serve water only when requested by customers.  DISHWASHING Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures 32 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

37 APPENDIX – CONSERVATION MEASURES A  Presoak utensils, dishes, and pots and pans in basins of water instead of using running water  Manual pre-wash sprayers with “dead man” prior to loading dishwashing machines. shut off controls. Scrape food off of plates rather than use   Low-flow spray heads on all sprayers. running water.  New water efficient dishwashing equipment. Operate scraping troughs only while dishes are   at shut off conveyer Electronic eye sensors th actually being washed. type systems when dishes are not passing through the machine.  Assess the water efficiency of the current dishwashing system to determine where improvements might be made. Always wash full loads in automated machines.  shwashers only when Operate conveyor type di  dishes are actually passing through the machine.  Verify that the dishwashing equipment is using the minimum amount of flow recommended by the manufacturer. Since many older automated dishwashing  nor water efficient, systems are neither energy evaluate the cost of retrofitting or replacing existing equipment.  Turn dishwashers off when not in use.  Routinely check all dishwashing equipment to ensure there are no leaks. Post signs requesting that personnel minimize  their use of utensils, dishes, and pots and pans to save water. DISPOSER TROUGH GARBAGE AND SCRAPING Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures  Garbage strainers (instead of disposers) Eliminate disposers and troughs.   Use the minimum acceptable flow rate on all  Sensors that detect the amount of flow in a machines. disposer and regulate flow accordingly.  Reuse wastewater in the mixing chamber of the  Solenoid valves that turn water off when the disposer. disposer is off. Flow regulators for disposer supply lines.  ICE MAKERS Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures   Use the minimum flow rate recommended by Air-cooled icemakers. the manufacturer on water cooled icemakers.  Re-circulating systems for water-cooled  icemakers. Adjust machines to pr oduce ice only when it’s needed.  Ice flake machines that use less bleed off than Collect spent cooling water and reuse it for non- cube machines. potable purposes. 33 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

38 APPENDIX CONSERVATION MEASURES – A A.3.1.5 Laundries and Laundromats. This section includes measures that are applicable in hotels, motels, hospitals, nursing homes, diaper services, restaurants, and coin operated Laundromats. LAUNDROMATS AND LAUNDRIES Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures Computer controlled rinse water reclamation  Operate equipment with full loads only.  systems. Reduce water levels for partial loads.   Wash and rinse water treatment and  Back flush filters or softeners only when reclamation systems. necessary.  Continuous batch washers.  Ozone laundry systems. Horizontal axis washers. residential A.3.1.6 Swimming Pools. The measures in this section can be applied to commercial and pools. swimming SWIMMING POOLS Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures  Limit the frequency of pool refilling.  Cover the pool with an insulated cover when There are no special equipm ent measures that would not in use to reduce losses due to heat and help conserve water in pools. It is important evaporation. quipment is efficient and however that available e  Reduce the level of the pool to avoid losses due used properly. to splashing.  Lower the pool temperature. Back wash filters only when necessary. If  backwash is timed, verify that frequency is efficient. for leaks and cracks. Regularly check pool  Keep pool and filter clean to avoid unnecessary backwashing. A.3.1.7 Cooling Systems. This section includes measures for three types of cooling systems: 1. Single ‐ cooling pass, 2. Evaporative, and 3. Equipment. Single ‐ pass uses fresh water to cool without re ‐ in in circulating any of the water used cooling the first pass. Evaporative coolers are used for and residential applications and are commercial commonly known as swamp coolers. Equipment includes and cooling pass both single ‐ re ‐ circulating systems that equipment are used to cool and machinery. 34 Lovelock Meadows Water District Water Conservation Plan

39 APPENDIX CONSERVATION MEASURES – A SINGLE ‐ PASS COOLING Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures  Air-cooled equipment (i.e. compressors, Reuse water for landscaping, vehicle washing,  pumps, icemakers, etc...) or another cooling application that allows for water to be at a higher temperature.  Automatic controls that insure coolers only Eliminate single-pass systems.  operate when needed. COOLING EVAPORATIVE Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures  Regularly check for leaks in hoses and pan. Replace pads at least annually.  There are currently no equipment measures for evaporative coolers. The design of the coolers is building is unoccupied.  Shut cooler off when relatively simple.  Annually service the equipment by oiling moving parts and cleaning off accumulated scale or corrosion. EQUIPMENT COOLING Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures  Reuse water in single pass systems for other cooling purposes. Examples of reuse include cooling molten materials, landscape, of boiler make-up water. Replace al single pass cooling systems with  closed-loop systems or replace water-cooled equipment with air-cooled. A.3.1.8 Heating Systems. This section deals with conservation measures for boilers and steam heat facilities. generators which are used to large buildings and multiple ‐ building HEATING SYSTEMS Behavioral Measures Hardware/Equipment Measures  Regularly inspect systems for leaks and make Flow meters for make-up and blow-down  valves. repairs.  Automatic controls to discharge blow-down. Insulate all piping.  Limit boiler bleed-off to a level that satisfies  water quality requirements.  Discharge blow-down into an expansion tank instead of using cold water to cool it. 35 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

40 APPENDIX – CONSERVATION MEASURES A A.3.1.9 and Water Losses. This section covers water conservation measures relating to leaks and Leaks losses. LEAKS WATER LOSSES AND Hardware/Equipment Measures Behavioral Measures   Leak detection equipment. This could include Regularly check for leaks at all water connections. Keep in mind that higher pressure sonic or probe type equipment. applications have more incidence of leakage. Any equipment used to stop a leak. This would   depend on the material of the pipe or vessel that Regularly check all vessels that contain water has a leak. for cracks or bad seals. Regularly check all heating and cooling  systems. Repair any leaks that are discovered.  ICI Maintenance Practices. This section reemphasizes maintenance A.3.1.10 conservation measures for that have been mentioned in facilities sections. These measures should become ICI previous procedure at standard ICI facilities. all detection a maintenance schedule that includes schedules for leak  Create meter reading, and repair procedures. inspections and Monitor water ‐ use records keeping track of any increases or decreases  in use. water audits every one to three years.  Conduct Shut off supply lines  areas that are not being used. to  Install pressure where feasible. reducers regularly. equipment  Keep a maintenance schedule to clean cooling and heating  and reuse water when feasible. Recycle Insulate all hot  pipes. water Replace old equipment  water saving equipment. with  Install timers wherever possible.  Educate employees on water saving techniques. GENERAL CONSERVATION MEASURES A.4 This list of conservation behaviors and is divided into four parts: Home, Landscaping, Community, and Miscellaneous. HOME BEHAVIORS washing 1. When water dishes by hand, don’t let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash and other with the rinse water. 2. Evaporative coolers require a seasonal maintenance checkup. For more efficient cooling, check your evaporative cooler annually. 3. Run your machine and washing dishwasher only when they are full and you could save 1000 gallons month. a 36 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

41 APPENDIX – CONSERVATION MEASURES A 4. the garbage disposal sparingly. Compost instead and save gallons every time. Use running a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead of the tap for cold drinks, so that every 5. Keep goes down you not the drain. drop your water meter 6. bill to track your water and Check usage. Wash your produce in the sink or a pan that is 7. partially filled with water instead of running water the tap. from Use a broom instead of a hose to clean your driveway 8. sidewalk and save 80 gallons of water every or time. 9. your shower If water a one ‐ gallon bucket in less than 20 seconds, then replace it with a can fill showerhead. efficient produce the water you use for 10. Collect and reuse it to water houseplants. rinsing 11. more likely to notice leaky faucets indoors, but don’t forget to check outdoor faucets, We’re pipes, hoses for leaks. and one When you shop for a new 12. appliance, consider offering cycle and load size adjustments. They are appliances. older more water and energy ‐ efficient than 13. Time your shower to keep it under 5 minutes. You’ll save up to 1000 gallons a month. 14. Install low ‐ volume toilets. you’ve When you clean your fish tank, use 15. the water drained on your plants. The water is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus, providing you with a free and effective fertilizer. 16. Put food coloring in your toilet If it seeps into the toilet tank. bowl, you have a leak. It’s easy to fix, than and you can save more 600 gallons a month. bathtub 17. Plug the up. before turning the water on, and then adjust the temperature as the tub fills 18. Designate one glass for your drinking water each day. This will cut down on the number of times you run your dishwasher. 19. Don’t use running water to thaw food. 20. Grab a wrench and fix that leaky faucet. It’s simple, inexpensive, and can save 140 gallons a week. level When doing laundry, match the water 21. to the size of the load. use. 22. Teach your children to turn the faucets off tightly after each 37 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

42 APPENDIX A – CONSERVATION MEASURES install, you lather up, install a low ‐ flow showerhead. They’re inexpensive, easy to Before and can 23. family more than 500 your gallons a week. save Soak your pots and pans instead of letting the water run 24. while you scrape them clean. sure you know where your 25. Make water shut ‐ off valve is located. This could master gallons of save water and damage to your home if a pipe were to burst. 26. Turn off the water while you brush your teeth and save 4 gallons a minute. That’s 200 gallons a week a family of four. for 27. Make sure your toilet flapper doesn’t stick open after flushing. 28. Make sure there are aerators all of your faucets. on 29. Install an instant water heater on your kitchen sink so you don’t have to let the water run while it heating heats This will also reduce up. for costs household. your 30. Cut back on rinsing if your dishwasher is new. Newer models clean more thoroughly than older ones. 31. Bathe your young children together. or bursting 32. Winterize outdoor spigots when temps dip to 20 degrees F to prevent pipes from freezing. hot 33. Insulate pipes so you don’t have to run as much water to get hot water to the water faucet. Drop that tissue in the trash instead of flushing it and save gallons every time. 34. If your was installed prior to 1980, place a 35. toilet dam or bottle filled toilet with water in your toilet flush. cut down on the amount of water used tank for each to Be sure these devices do not interfere with operating parts. 36. Install water softening systems only when necessary. Save water and salt by running the minimum number of regenerations necessary to maintain water softness. and clothes only when you have a full load Wash save up to 600 gallons each month. 37. 38. Listen for dripping faucets and toilets that flush themselves. Fixing a leak can save 500 gallons each month. 39. Cook food in as little water as possible. This will also more of retain the nutrients. 40. Turn the water off while you shampoo and condition your hair and you can save more than 50 gallons a week. per load. 41. Choose new water ‐ saving appliances, like washing machines that save up to 20 gallons 38 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

43 APPENDIX – CONSERVATION MEASURES A Select the proper size pans for cooking. Large pans require more cooking water than may be 42. necessary. the water while you shave and you off save more than 100 gallons a week. 43. Turn can To save water and time, consider washing your face 44. brushing your teeth or while in the shower. hanging baskets, planters and pots, place 45. cubes under For the moss or dirt to give your plants a ice drink of water cool and help eliminate water overflow. yard trimmings and peelings from fruits and vegetables into your compost to prevent from 46. Throw using the garbage disposal. Keep a bucket in the shower to catch water as it warms up or runs. Use 47. this water to flush toilets or water plants. When you are washing your hands, don’t let the water run while 48. you lather. ‐ treat stains before washing 49. Pre re avoid to ‐ washing. clothes soil shortest 50. Use the cloths. wash cycle for lightly 51. Check washing machine hoses regularly for leaks. cases Do not pre 52. rinse dishes except in of sticky or burn ‐ on food. ‐ 53. Scrape off food with a utensil or used paper napkin when cleaning for dishwasher. ‐ pre LANDSCAPE BEHAVIORS 1. Check your sprinkler system frequently and adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered and not the house, sidewalk, or street. inclines 2. Avoid planting turf in areas that are hard to water such as steep along and isolated strips sidewalks driveways. and 3. Plant during the spring or requirements the watering fall are lower. when 4. Minimize evaporation by watering during the early morning hours, when temperatures are cooler and winds are lighter. 5. Use a layer of organic mulch around plants to reduce evaporation and save hundreds of gallons of water year. a 6. Divide your watering cycle into periods to reduce runoff and allow for better absorption shorter water. every time you 39 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

44 APPENDIX – CONSERVATION MEASURES A 7. water your lawn when needed. You can tell this by simply walking across your lawn. If you Only footprints, time to water. leave it’s your lawn mower to a higher setting. Longer grass shades root systems and holds soil 8. Adjust better than a closely clipped lawn. moisture 9. the sprinkler for larger areas of grass. Water small patches by hand to avoid waste. Use water porous materials for walkways and patios to keep 10. in your yard and prevent wasteful Use runoff. Direct downspouts and other runoff towards 11. shrubs and trees, or collect and use for your garden. 12. a rain shut ‐ off device on your automatic sprinklers to eliminate unnecessary watering. Install 13. water ‐ efficient drip irrigation system for trees, Choose shrubs and flowers. Watering at the roots is a effective, be careful not to over very water. Reduce the amount of grass in your 14. cover planting yard shrubs and ground by with rock and granite mulching. 15. Remember to check your sprinkler system valves periodically for leaks and keep the heads in good shape. lawn water. 16. Don’t water your need on windy days. After all, sidewalks and driveways don’t 17. your plants Water less frequently to create healthier and stronger landscapes. but deeply When watering 18. on steep slopes, use a soaker hose to prevent wasteful runoff. grass Group plants with the same watering needs together to get out most 19. of your watering time. the Remember to weed your lawn 20. other garden regularly. compete with plants for nutrients, and Weeds light, water. and fertilizers promote plant growth, they 21. While increase water consumption. Apply the minimum also amount of fertilizer needed. water 22. Avoid installing ornamental features and fountains that spray water into the air. Trickling or cascading lose fountains to evaporation. less water Buy a rain gauge to track how 23. rain or irrigation your yard receives. Check with your local water much agency to see how much rain is needed to skip an irrigation cycle. sprinklers Teach your family how to shut off your automatic watering systems. Turn 24. if the system off is malfunctioning or when a storm is approaching. hose. a 25. Set a kitchen timer when watering your lawn or garden with 40 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

45 APPENDIX – CONSERVATION MEASURES A Next time you add or replace a flower or shrub, choose a low water use plant for year ‐ round 26. color save up to 550 and gallons each year. landscape Use a screwdriver as a soil probe to test soil moisture. If it goes in easily, don’t water. 27. Proper lawn of can thousands of gallons save water annually. watering Avoid over ‐ seeding 28. lawn with winter grass. Once established, ryegrass needs water every three your five days, whereas dormant Bermuda grass needs water only once to month. a Landscape with Xeriscape trees, plants and groundcovers. Call your local 29. office conservation for thrifty these information water about plants. more drain If you have an cooler, direct the water to a flowerbed, tree, or your lawn. 30. evaporative Leave lower branches 31. on trees and shrubs and allow leaf litter to accumulate on top of the soil. This keeps the and reduces evaporation. soil cooler Start a compost pile. Using compost 32. you plant adds water ‐ holding organic matter to the soil. when throw mist 33. Use sprinklers that and big drops of water close to the ground. Smaller drops of water often before they hit the ground. evaporate 34. plants die from over ‐ watering from under ‐ watering. More Be sure only to water plants when than necessary. Water only as rapidly as the soil can absorb the water. 35. water Aerate 36. your lawn. Punch holes in your lawn about six inches apart so will reach the roots rather surface. than run off the COMMUNITY BEHAVIORS 1. Encourage your school system and local government to help develop and promote a water children conservation ethic among and adults. 2. Make suggestions to your employer to save water (and dollars) at work. Support 3. projects that use reclaimed wastewater for irrigation and other uses. 4. Encourage your friends and neighbors to be part of a water ‐ conscious community. Pick ‐ up the phone and report significant water losses from broken pipes, open hydrants 5. and errant sprinklers to the property owner or your water management district. MISCELLANEOUS BEHAVIORS your pumps. 1. Install covers on pools and spas and check for leaks around 41 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

46 APPENDIX A – CONSERVATION MEASURES Periodically check your pool for leaks if you have an automatic 2. device. refilling wash a commercial car 3. Use that recycles water. 4. Don’t buy recreational water toys that require a constant flow of water. of Use a grease pencil to mark the water level 5. your pool at the skimmer. Check the mark 24 hours each day. later. Your pool should lose no more than ¼ inch it When the kids want to cool off, use the sprinkler an area where your lawn needs 6. the most. in 7. Make sure your swimming pools, fountains, and ponds are equipped with re ‐ circulating pumps. 8. your pets outdoors in an Bathe area in need of water. 9. While staying in a hotel or even at home, consider reusing your towels. your landscaping 10. When backwashing your pool, consider using the water on 42 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

47 B – LANDSCAPE GUIDES APPENDIX Truckee following list is The from the Meadows Water Authority (TMWA) website. More taken information on these plants, including color photos can be found at www.tmwalandscapeguide.com . PERENNIAL FLOWERS Artemisia species /Sage or Wormwood (Perennial)—water use: Very Low Eriogonum umbellatum /Sulfur Flowered Buckwheat (Perennial)—water use: Very Low Achillea species /Yarrow (Perennial)—water use:Low Agastache /Bubblegum Mint (Perennial)—water use:Low cana Aurinia saxatilis /Basket-of-Gold (Perennial)—water use:Low Coreopsis species /Tickseed (Perennial)—water use:Low species /Spring Crocus (Perennial)—water use:Low Crocus Dianthus species /Pinks (Perennial)—water use:Low Eschscholzia californica /California poppy (Perennial)—water use:Low Gaillardia grandiflora /Blanket Flower (Perennial)—water use:Low Iris germanica /Iris germanica (Perennial)—water use:Low species Linum /Flax (Perennial)—water use:Low Narcissus /Daffodil or Narcissus (Perennial)—water use:Low species /Catmint (Perennial)—water use:Low Nepeta racemosa species Oenothera /Evening Primrose (Perennial)—water use:Low Perovskia atriplicifolia /Russian Sage (Perennial)—water use:Low Sedum species /Stonecrop (Perennial)—water use:Low Senecio Cineraria /Dusty Miller (Perennial)—water use:Low Stachys byzantina /Lamb’s Ears (Perennial)—water use:Low Thermopsis montana /No Lupine (Perennial)—water use:Low /Society Garlic (Perennial)—water use:Low violacea Tulbaghia 43 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

48 – LANDSCAPE GUIDES B APPENDIX Alcea rosea /Hollyhock (Perennial)—water use:Moderate majus Antirrhinum /Snapdragon (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Armeria maritima /Sea Pinks (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Aster species /Aster (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Echinacea /Coneflower (Perennial)—water use:Moderate purpurea lindheimeri Gaura /Gaura (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Geranium species /Handy Geranium (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Gypsophila species /Baby’s Breath (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Hemerocallis hybirds /Daylily (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Heuchera sanguinea /Coral Bells (Perennial)—water use:Moderate /Candytuft (Perennial)—water use:Moderate sempervirens Iberis Kniphofia /Red Hot Poker (Perennial)—water use:Moderate uvaria angustifolia /Lavender (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Lavandula species /Lily (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Lilium N/A /Pussy toes (Perennial)—water use:moderate Papaver species /Poppy (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Penstemon species /Beard Tongue (Perennial)—water use:Moderate /Balloon Flower (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Platycodon grandiflorus Rudbeckia /Black-Eyed Susan (Perennial)—water use:Moderate fulgida Salvia Species /Sage or Salvia (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Saponaria species /Soapwort (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Tanacetum species /Painted or Michaelmas Daisy (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Tulipa species /Tulip (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Veronica spicata /Spike Speedwell (Perennial)—water use:Moderate /Violet or Pansy (Perennial)—water use:Moderate Viola species 44 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

49 – LANDSCAPE GUIDES B APPENDIX GROUNDCOVERS, VINES, AND GRASSES polyacantha /Prickly Pear Cactus (Groundcovers)—water use:Very Low Opuntia Clematis species /Clematis (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Euphorbia species /Spurge (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Helictorichon sempervirens /Blue Oat Grass (Groundcovers)—water use:Low calycinum Hypericum /Jacob’s Ladder or Aaron’s Beard (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Juniperus horizontalis /Groundcover Junipers (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Lathyrus latifolius /Perennial Sweet Pea (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Lonicera species /Honeysuckle (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Panicum virgatum /Switch Grass (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Polygonum species /Polygonum (Groundcovers)—water use:Low /Lavender Cotton (Groundcovers)—water use:Low species Santolina Vinca /Dwarf Periwinkle (Groundcovers)—water use:Low minor sinensis /Chinese Wisteria (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Wisteria californica Zauschneria /California Fuschia (Groundcovers)—water use:Low Calmagrostis x acutiflora /Feather Reed Grass (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate Campsis radicans /Red Trumpet Creeper (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate Cerastium tomentosum /Snow in Summer (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate /Hardy Purple Ice Plant (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate cooperi Delosperma Hedera helix /Ivy (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate Helianthemum nummularium /Sunrose (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate Mahonia repens /Creeping Mahonia (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate N/A /Northern seacats (Groundcovers)—water use:moderate Phlox subulata /Moss Pink (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate Potentilla neumanniana /Cinquefoil (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate Sedum species /Stonecrop (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate /Thyme (Groundcovers)—water use:Moderate Thymus species 45 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

50 – LANDSCAPE GUIDES B APPENDIX SHRUBS tridentata var. tridentata /Big Sagebrush (Shrubs)—water use:Very Low Artemisia Atriplex canescens /Four Wing Saltbrush (Shrubs)—water use:Very Low nauseosus /Rubber Rabbitbrush (Shrubs)—water use:Very Low Chrysothamnus Amelanchier species /Serviceberry or Juneberry (Shrubs)—water use:Low Aronia species /Chokeberry (Shrubs)—water use:Low Berberis species /Barberry (Shrubs)—water use:Low species /Peashrub (Shrubs)—water use:Low Caragana Caryopteris x clandonensis /Blue Mist Spiraea (Shrubs)—water use:Low speciosa /Flowering Quince (Shrubs)—water use:Low Chaenomeles Cytisus species /Broom (Shrubs)—water use:Low /Silverberry (Shrubs)—water use:Low commutata Elaeagnus Euonymus /Euonymus (Shrubs)—water use:Low species /New Mexico Privet (Shrubs)—water use:Low Forestiera neomexicana species Genista /Dwarf Broom (Shrubs)—water use:Low Hibiscus syriacus /Rose of Sharon (Shrubs)—water use:Low Ligustrum species /Privet (Shrubs)—water use:Low Lonicera tatarica /Tatarian Honeysuckle (Shrubs)—water use:Low Mahonia aquifolium /Oregon Grape (Shrubs)—water use:Low Pinus mugo /Mugo Pine (Shrubs)—water use:Low Prunus species /Bush Cherry (Shrubs)—water use:Low Pyracantha /Firethorn or Pyracantha (Shrubs)—water use:Low coccinea species Rhus /Sumac (Shrubs)—water use:Low Ribes aureum /Golden Currant (Shrubs)—water use:Low Shepherdia argentea /Silver Buffaloberry (Shrubs)—water use:Low Symphoricarpos albus /Snowberry (Shrubs)—water use:Low Syringa vulgaris /Common Lilac (Shrubs)—water use:Low Yucca species /Yucca (Shrubs)—water use:Low /Vine Maple (Shrubs)—water use:moderate circinatum Acer 46 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

51 – LANDSCAPE GUIDES B APPENDIX Amorpha canescens /Leadplant (Shrubs)—water use:moderate species /Butterfly Bush (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Buddleia Chilopsis Catalpa /Chitalpa (Shrubs)—water use:moderate x Ceratoides /Winterfat (Shrubs)—water use:moderate lanata Cercocarpus ledifolius /Mt. Mahogany (Shrubs)—water use:moderate Chamaebatiaria millifolium /Fernbush (Shrubs)—water use:moderate Chilopsis /Desert or Flowering Willow (Shrubs)—water use:moderate linearis species Cotoneaster /Cotoneaster (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Cowania mexicana /Cliffrose (Shrubs)—water use:moderate Fallugia paradoxa /Apache Plume (Shrubs)—water use:moderate Forsythia species /Forsythia (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Hamamelis x intermedia /Witch Hazel (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Hesperaloe parviflora /Red Yucca (Shrubs)—water use:moderate /Sea Green Juniper (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate chinensis Juniperus Kerria /Kerria (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate japonica amabilis Kolkwitzia /Beautybush (Shrubs)—water use:moderate Philadelphus virginalis /Mock Orange (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Picea glauca var. albertiana ‘Conica’ /Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Pinus contorta ‘Latifolia’ /Lodgepole Pine (Shrubs)—water use:moderate Potentilla fructicosa /Shrubby Potentilla (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate /Bitterbrush (Shrubs)—water use:moderate Purshia tridentata R. ‘Asplenifolia’ /Fernleafed buckthorn (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate frangula R. ‘Columnaris’ /Tall Hedge Buckthorn (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate frangula frangulia /Sea buckthorn (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Rhamnus Rosa species /Hardy Shrub Roses (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Spiraea species /Spiraea (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Symphoricarpa x chenaultii /Coralberry ‘Hancock’ (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate Thuja occidentalis /American Arborvitae (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate /Viburnum (Shrubs)—water use:Moderate species Viburnum 47 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

52 – LANDSCAPE GUIDES B APPENDIX TREES Acer ginnala /Amur Maple (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days /Tree of Heaven (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Ailanthus altissima Calocedrus decurrens /Incense Cedar (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days species /Catalpa (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Catalpa Cedrus atlantica glauca /Blue Atlas Cedar (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Celtis occidentalis /Hackberry (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days species /Hawthorn (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Crataegus Elaeagnus angustifolia /Russian Olive (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days triacanthos inermis /Honeylocust (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Gleditsia Juniperus species /Tree Juniper (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days /Maackia (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days amurensis Maackia Maclura pomifera /Osage Orange (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days hybirds Malus /Crabapple (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Pinus species /Pine (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Platanus acerifolia /Sycamore (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Quercus species /Oak (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Robinia species /Locust (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Sequoiadendron giganteum /Giant Redwood (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Ulmus parvifolia /Chinese elm (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days Zelkova /Zelkova (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 10-14 days serrata hippocastanum Aesculus /Common Horsechestnut (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Carpinus betulus /Hornbeam (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Cotinus coggygria /Smoke Tree (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Cupressus glabra /Arizona Cypress (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Fraxinus species /Ash (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Ginko biloba /Maidenhair Tree (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days /Golden Rain Tree (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days paniculata Koelreuteria 48 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

53 – LANDSCAPE GUIDES B APPENDIX Laburnum watereri /Golden Chain Tree (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Liquidambar styraciflua /Sweetgum (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Liriodendron tulipfera /Tulip Tree (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Malus domestica /Fruiting Apple Tree (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Morus alba /Mulberry (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Phellodendron amurense /Amur Cork Tree (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days species /Spruce (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Picea Pistacia chinensis /Chinese Pistache (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Prunus species /Plum or Cherry (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Pyrus Species /Pear (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Sophora japonica /Japanese Pagoda Tree (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Sorbus /Mountain Ash (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days species Thuja occidentalis /Arborvitae (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Tilia species /Linden (Trees)—water use:Deep Water 7-10 days Gymnocladus dioica /Kentucky Coffee Tree (Trees)—water use:Moderate Juniperus monosperma /Singleseed Juniper (Trees)—water use:moderate /Pinon Pine (Trees)—water use:moderate edulis Pinus 49 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

54 WATER C – APPENDIX WEBSITES WATER www.energystar.gov  DROUGHT  http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/ LANDSCAPE pe_guide/interactive/index.php  www.tmwalandscapeguide.com/landsca EDUCATION www.wateruseitwisely.com   www.washoeet.dri.edu/ INSTITUTIONAL  www.lvvwd.com  www.snwa.com  www.tmh20.com  www.cabq.gov LEAK DETECTION ation_health/leakage/begin.html www.who.int/docstore/water_sanit  50 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

55 APPENDIX D – METER INSTRUCTIONS READ YOUR WATER METER TO HOW Locate Your Meter water meters will be located outside in front of your house next to the curb on the street under a Most steel or concrete lid. Reading Your Meter are two basic types of meters; a dial with There a needle that measures in tenths of a cubic foot and a digital meter that measures from 100,000 down to 1 cubic foot. Most meters also have a small triangle through on face called a flow indicator. It will move when there is water passing the it. Read your meter from left to right. Water Use Activities Measuring It is possible to measure the water use of certain activities. These activities include but are not limited to the following:  Shower or bath use.  Watering the lawn. clothes dishes.  Washing or  a toilet Flushing a car  Washing measure the water use To an activity, of the following do (in order): 1. Make sure all water off. This includes all faucets (inside and out), appliances, swamp coolers, or icemakers. Write down the meter 2. to two decimal places. reading 3. Perform the activity. Be sure to measure the amount of time in minutes that the activity required. 4. At second the end of the activity read the meter again. Subtract the first meter reading from the one. The result is the amount of water used for the activity in cubic feet. To convert to gallons determine multiply the result by 7.48. To many how gallons used minute were divide the per gallon amount by the number of minutes the activity required. You should now have the water minute. used amount in gallons per 51 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

56 APPENDIX – METER INSTRUCTIONS D Detecting Leaks sure all water off. This includes all faucets (inside and out), appliances, swamp coolers, or Make 1. icemakers. down the meter reading and time of day to the minute. 2. Write Wait at least an 3. hour before reading the meter a second time. Make sure no used water is the test. Read the meter at the end of the test and record the time to the minute. If the during indicator is moving during the test flow either have a leak or a meter malfunction. you Subtract the first meter reading from the second. Multiply 4. result remainder 7.48. The by is the amount of water in gallons the that passed through the meter during the test period. Also the time record of the test. duration Divide the amount of water by the number of minutes in the test. The 5. is the amount of result went through the water that in gallons per minute. meter following: the 6. To measure amount lost over time multiply the gallons per minute by  for gallons per day. 1,440 43,920 gallons per for month.  527,040 for gallons  year. per Locating a is a 7. leak process of elimination. Shut off toilet at a time at the wall. Go to the one meter and check to see if the flow indicator is still moving. If the triangle has stopped (triangle) you have discovered the leak. If not go on to the next one and repeat the above steps. 8. Check your sprinkler system. Shut off the system at the anti siphon valve and check the meter. 9. Check your main service line. You will need to shut off the valve between your house and the meter. If the meter stops the leak is between the meter the valve. and 10. These steps can be repeated for every fixture and fitting in your home. In the event you cannot it. fix locate the leak, you should call a professional plumber to find and 52 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

57 E – APPENDIX LANDSCAPE CODE not included LOVELOCK MEADOWS WATER DISTRICT currently does be have a landscape code. It will created. here once is it 53 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

58 F APPENDIX WATER ORDINANCE – included to Revisions are currently being made be the Water Ordinance. Once it is completed it will here. 54 Lovelock Meadows Water District Water Conservation Plan

59 G – APPENDIX EPA RESIDENTIAL BENCHMARKS Type of Use Likely Range of Values INDOOR USES Average household size 2.0 – 3.0 persons 4.0 – 6.0 flushes per person per day Frequency of toilet flushing Flushing volumes 1.6 – 8.0 gallons per flush Fraction of leaking toilets 0 – 30 percent Showering frequency 0 – 1.0 showers per person per day Duration of average shower 5 – 15 minutes Shower flow rates 1.5 – 5.0 gallons per minute Bathing frequency 0 – 0.2 baths per person per day 30 – 50 gallons per cycle Volume of water Washing machine use 0.2 – 0.5 loads per person per day 45 – 50 Gallons per cycle Volume of water Dishwasher use 0.1 – 0.3 Loads per person per day Volume of water 10 – 15 gallons per cycle Kitchen faucet use 0.5 – 5.0 Minutes per person per day 2.0 – 3.0 gallons per minute Faucet flow rates OUTDOOR USES Average lot size 5000 – 8000 square feet Average house size 1200 – 2500 square feet Landscape area 4000 – 5000 square feet Fraction of lot size in turf 30 – 50 percent Water application rates 1 – 5 feet per year 10 – 25 percent Homes with pools 3 – 7 feet per year Pools evaporation losses Frequency of refilling pool 1 – 2 times per year 55 Water Conservation Plan Lovelock Meadows Water District

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