FY 2019 PB Green Book

Transcript

1 NATIONAL BUDGET DEFENSE ESTIMATES FOR FY 201 9 OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRE TA RY OF DEFENSE (COMPTROLLER) APRIL 201 8

2 The estimated cost of this report or study for the Department of Defense is approximately $21,000 for the 2018 Fisca l Year. This includes $2,310 in expenses and $18,000 in DoD labor. Generated on 2018Apr16 RefID: 0- 130DDBD

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4 Table of C ontents for FY 2019 1 Overview ... – National Defense Budget Estimates Chapter 1: National Defense – An Overview ... 5 Table 1 (FY 2017 to FY 2019) ... 6 -1: National Defense Budget Summary -2: National Defense Budget – Long Range Forecast (FY 2017 to FY 2023) ... 7 Table 1 -3: Nati onal Defense Budget Authority – Current Dollars ( FY 2017 to FY 2019) ... 8 Table 1 -4: Table 1 onstant Dollars ( FY 2017 to FY 2019) ... 9 Natio nal Defense Budget Authority – C National Defense Outlays – C -5: FY 2017 to FY 2019) ... 10 Table 1 urrent Dollars ( Table 1 -6: National Defense Outlays – Constant Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2019) ... 11 -7: Federal Unified Budget – B udget A uthority by Function (FY 2017 to FY 2023) ... 12 Table 1 -8: Federal Unified Budget – O utlays by Function (FY 2017 to FY 2023) ... 13 Table 1 isc -9: Natio nal Defense Budget Authority – D FY 2017 to FY 2023) ... 14 retionary and Mandatory ( Table 1 Table 1 -10: isc retionary and Mandatory ( FY 2017 to FY 2023) ... 16 National Defense Outlays – D -11: y for Selected Programs ( FY 2019 to FY 2028) ... 18 Table 1 Discretionary Budget Authorit Table 1 -12: Discretionary Budget Authority for Past Defense Budgets to the Present (FY 2012 to FY 2023)... 19 s ... Chapter 2: Base Budget, War Funding and Supplemental 21 Table 2 -1: Base Budget, War Funding and Supplementals by Military Department, by P.L. Title (FY 2001 to FY 2019) ... 22 Chapter 3: Legislative Authorization ... 39 Table 3 -1: FY 2019 Defense Budget – Reconciliation of Authorization, Appropriation, BA and TOA ... 40 Table 3 -2: Military Personnel Authorizations ( FY 2017 to FY 2019) ... 47 Chapter 4: Chronology ... 49 Y 2017 National Defense Budget Authority Chronology ... 50 -1: F Table 4 Table 4 -2: FY 2018 National Defense Budget Authority Chronology ... 52 Chapter 5: Treatment of Inflation ... 53 Table 5 -1: DoD and Selected Economy -Wide Indices (FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 54 Table 5 -2: Pay and Inflation Rat e Assumptio ns – Outlays (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 56 Table 5 -3: Pay an d Inflation Rate Assumptions – Budget Authority (FY 2017 to FY 2023) ... 57 FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 58 Table 5 -4: DoD Deflators – T OA by Public Law Title ( i

5 Table of Contents (Continued) -5: able 5 FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 60 DoD Deflators – T T OA by Category ( Title ( FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 62 -6: Table 5 DoD Deflators – Budget Authority by Public Law DoD Deflators – Budget Authority by Category (FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 64 Table 5 -7: DoD Deflators – O Table 5 Title ( FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 66 -8: utlays by Public Law DoD Deflators – O utlays by Category ( FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 68 Table 5 -9: -10: Chronology of Selected Inflation Profiles (FY 1998 to FY 2023)... 70 Table 5 -11: for Incremental Changes in Budget Authority Purchases ... 72 Outlay Rates Table 5 Table 5 -12: Military and Civilian Pay In creases Since 1945 (1945 to 2023) ... 75 -13: Civilian Pay Deflators by Category (FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 77 Table 5 -14: DoD Deflators – Budget Authority; Base, Discretionary (FY 2010 to FY 2023) ... 79 Table 5 Chapter 6: TOA, B A, Outlay Trends and Program Changes ... 81 Table 6 -1: DoD TOA by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 82 Table 6 -2: DoD TOA by Category (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 89 -3: DoD TOA by Military Department (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 96 Table 6 Table 6 -4: Do D TOA by Major Force Program – Current Dollars (FY 1962 to FY 2023) ... 103 Table 6 -5: Do D TOA by Major Force Program – Constant Dollars (FY 1962 to FY 2023) ... 105 -6: DoD TOA, BA, and Outlays by Appropriation Account – Current Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2023) ... 107 Table 6 -7: DoD TOA, BA, and Outlays by Appropriation Account – Constant Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2023) ... 121 Table 6 Table 6 -8: DoD Budget Authority by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 135 Table 6 -9: DoD Budget Authority by Category (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 142 oD Budget Authority by Military Department (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 149 -10: D Table 6 Table 6 DoD Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 156 -11: Table 6 -12: DoD Outlays by Category (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 163 Table 6 -13: DoD Outlays by Military Department (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 170 Table 6 -14: DoD Civilian Pay – Current Dollars (FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 177 Table 6 DoD Civilian Pay – Constant Dollars (FY 1970 to FY 2023) ... 179 -15: Table 6 -16: Army TOA by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 181 Table 6 -17: Navy TOA by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 188 Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 195 Table 6 -18: Air Force TOA by Public Law ii

6 Table of Contents (Continued) -19: Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 202 T Army Budget Authority by able 6 Table 6 Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 209 -20: Navy Budget Authority by Public Law -21: Air Force Budget Authority by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 216 Table 6 -22: Army Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 223 Table 6 -23: Navy Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 230 Table 6 Table 6 -24: Air Force Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023) ... 237 -25: DoD Base, Discretionary BA by Public Law Title (FY 2010 to FY 2023) ... 244 Table 6 -26: DoD Base, Discretionary BA by Military Department (FY 2010 to FY 2023) ... 246 Table 6 Chapter 7: Defense, the Public Sector and the Economy ... 249 Table 7 -1: Total Federal Outlays – Current Dollars (FY 1945 to FY 2023) ... 250 -2: Total Federal Outlays – FY 2009 Constant Dollars (FY 1945 to FY 2023) ... 253 Table 7 Table 7 – Current Dollars (FY 1945 to FY 2023) ... 256 -3: U.S. Public Spending: Federal, State, Local and GDP Table 7 -4: U.S. Public Spending: Federal , State, Local and GDP – FY 2009 Constant Dollars (FY 1945 to FY 2023) ... 259 Table 7 -5: Department of Defense Manpower – End Strength/FTE's (FY 1940 to FY 2019) ... 262 Table 7 U.S. Labor Force – E nd Strength/FTE's (FY 1940 to FY 2019) ... 265 -6: Table 7 -7: Defense Shares of Economic and Budgetar y Aggregates (FY 1940 to FY 2019) ... 268 Glossary of Terms ... 271 Notes ... 275 iii

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8 Overview - National Defense Budget Estimates f or Department of Defense 9 Fiscal 201 Year (FY) Discretionary Budget Authority President’s Budget Submission) (As Reflected in the FY 2019 mates, commonly referred to as The National Defense Budget Esti (Dollars in Billions) the is a reference source for data associated with he Green Book,” “T 727.5 741.8 800 714.0 701.4 current budget estimates of the Department of Defense (DoD). It 20.0 20.0 686.1 20.0 20.0 611.8 700 dollar historical data and constant (real) provides current (nominal) 606.0 4.7 69.0 for the Department, as well as selected data on all National Defense, 600 83.4 82.5 budget, and the U.S. economy. ederal the total f This edition reflects 500 the President’s Budget as submitted to the FY Congress 2019 in February of 2018. 400 721.8 707.5 694.0 681.4 Green B ook may be used as a companion to the Budget Request The 617.1 300 Summary Justification Book. However, while the Justification Book 523.7 523.5 200 speaks mainly to the Department’s budgetary request in terms of discretionary budget authority, most tables in the Green Book 100 . The display combined discretionary and mandatory funding 0 difference between discretionary and mandatory is discussed later, FY17 FY18* FY20 FY21 FY22 FY23 FY19 und in the Glossary of Terms at the end of the and can also be fo Emergency Base OCO book. Also to follow is a short guide to understanding the data presented in Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of * vs. total There is an explanation of budget authority this document. Public Law 115- 96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). Next is a sect obligational authority, along with outlays. ion on ’s detailed budget addendum oD is showing funding level s reflected in OMB NOTE: D discretionary, m andatory and emergency funding. Current vs. dated February 12, 2018. OMB does not report OCO -to -base funding adjustments that constant dollars, a mainstay of inflationary analysis, is then defined , 45.8B DoD reports ($20 .0B in FY19, $53.0 B in FY20, $ 45.8 B in FY21, $ in FY22, and Finally , there is a followed by an explanation of deflators. $45.8B in FY23) . and how rounding discussion of calculation methodologies and differences in scoring cause disparities between DoD reporting and of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). that and (3) outlays. While Department analysts may distinguish Budget Authorit y, Total Obligational Authority and Outlays BA and TOA, BA is public the general what tends to between Green Book funding data are pr ovided in three standard categories : It is the Congress. by the funding appropriated as recognize authority udget (1) b (BA) – discretionary and mandatory authority to legally incur binding obligations (signing authority contracts and are combined in most tables; (2) total obligational authority (TOA); future outlays. orders), which will result in current placing -year and Overview Overview 1

9 On the other hand, TOA is a DoD financial term expressing the There is liquidation of obligations incurred over a number of years. value of the direct Defense program for a fiscal year , exclusive given a time lag between budgeting funds (congressional appropriation), of the obligation authority from other sources ( such as reimbursable signing contracts and placing orders (obligations), receiving goods or ome more differences between BA and TOA are orders accepted ). S making payments (liquidation of obligations). services , and listed below: For he Department operates acquisition and construction programs, t under a “full funding” policy by which the Congress approves, in the • If BA expires before obligations are incurred, the TOA for that year of the request, sufficient funds to complete a given quantity of expired amount. There is no effect on BA. year is reduced by the items or build a facility , even though it may take a number of years If legislation (proposed or enacted) transfers the unobligated • cases Thus, in exceptional to actually build and deliver these items. balance of one account to another, where the purpose of the (such as the building of an aircraft carrier), final outlays may be to be transfer balance has changed, scoring rules require the recorded a decade after the BA for the program was originally reflected as a change in BA in the year in which the transfer . granted occurred (reduction of BA in the losing account, increase of BA in the gaining account). The adjustment to TOA will be in the original program, regardless of when the transaction occurred . and Emergency Programs Discretionary, Mandatory, Reappropriations (the extension of availability of previously • t year of extended funds) are scored as BA in the firs appropriated Discretionary programs are funded annually through the availability, while TOA is unchanged. corekeeping guidelines appropriations process. congressional The s annual limits on the of the Budget Enforcement Act (BEA) establish ongressional action canceling new • Rescissions (c BA or amount of BA available for these programs. unobligated balances) are reflected as a reduction to BA in the . fiscal year in which the rescission is enacted However, TOA Adjustments to discretionary spending limits are provided for program year reflects this adjustment in the of the rescinded spending that is designated by both the Congress and the President as originally fiscal year in which the funds were funds (i.e., the emergency requirements or for Overseas Contingency Oper , - appropriated). If rescissions are proposed in the budget, they by-account basis. ations/Global War on Terrorism, on an account- would be reflected in the TOA as if enacted. y- as-you -go” or PAYGO Man datory programs, also known as “pa are direct spending programs and receipts defined as programs, offsetting receipts (collections from the public Net • that arise out entitlement authority. This is BA authorized by permanent law, ederal or market -type of business -oriented activities of the f rather than annual appropriations acts. Social Security and Medicare government, and are deposited in receipt accounts) are deducted . Military retirement and examples of mandatory programs are from BA, but have no effect on TOA. Medicare- Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution accounts are lected in this book is outlays, also The third category of data ref - -specific mandatory programs . The Pay -As -You examples of DoD known as expenditures . Outlays are the liquidation or disbursements Go Act of 2010 establishes the current guidelines for score keeping government’s obligations and generally represent cash of the f ederal of man datory programs. Outlays in a given fiscal year may represent the payments. Overview Overview 2

10 The Department of Defense is unique in that it i s one of the few Deflators to the entities where the majority of its funding falls in federal measure of broad price movements in the are a way to Deflators discretionary category. budget ederal is The majority of the entire f economy. T he d eflator in the base year equals 100, and in the Green discretionary funding in the budget is of the mandatory, and much ar is the budget request year Book in 2019 FY – the default base ye comprised of DoD dollars. this edition (except for Chapter 7, where the base year used by the OMB is applied) . An item that has a deflator of 50 .00 has a current Current Dollars and Constant Dollars urchase the same o p of what you would need t dollar value that is half The Green Book displays funding in both current and constant item in FY 2019. An item that has a deflator of 20 0.00 has a current dollars. If an item or service is priced in current dollars, the price dollar value that is twice what you would need urchase the same to p includes all inflationary changes expected to occur in the program item in FY 2019. over the duration of the spendout of that program’s appropriation. Formula for calculating a deflator when you have the current and Constant dollars measure the value of purchased goods and services constant dollar values: at price levels that are the same as the base year level. Constant dollar s do not contain any adjustments for inflation that have Current $ Thus, by looking at funding across occurred outside the base year. Deflator = X 100 Constant $ , the only changes a person will see various years in constant dollars ” change) are programmatic (referred to as “real . This will show how Converting current dollars to constant dollars: much spending has changed for a program, without the impact of inflation. Current $ Through understanding current and constant dollars , va riations in Constant $ = X 100 Deflator If on evident. more purchasing power become e dollar buys one purchased five widgets, widget in 2018, but in 1950 one dollar purchasing power has declined. A -dollar analysis shows the current Converting FY 2004 total DoD budget authority to Example: - DoD spending much more now than it did in 1950, but a constant FY 2 019 constant dollars : (its dollar analysis reveals that the percentage of program growth Deflator = 73.70 . as the overall nominal growth “real growth”) is not as great FY 2004 budget a uthority (c urrent $) = $ 471.0B It is important to note that many inflation indices , such as the Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) index, are chain -weighted. This means FY 2 004 budget authority in FY 2019 constant dollars: they account for differences in products purchased over the years; new expenditure patterns are accounted for in the inflation figure. $471.0B X 100 = $639.3B (rounded) FY 2019 constant dollars For example, if typewriters were regularly purchased in 1970, but by 73.70 weighted index 2000 had become obsolete in favor of PCs, a chain- would account for this new purchasing pattern. Overview Overview 3

11 example, beginning with the FY 1998 budget, the OMB worked with Calculation Methodology and Rounding data that had been rounded to the millions of dollars, while the DoD inflation rates by the OMB as a baseline. provided The DoD uses data were derived from numbers rounded to the thousands. The OMB bases their rates on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) . The includes raise composite rates military and civilian pay DoD Further, the OMB and the DoD sometimes how they report differ in In rates , fuel rates, and medical factors in its composite rates. agencies ederal to other f transfers and items like contract authority are factored into appropriation account addition, outlay rates for each (i.e. the Coast Guard), which impacts the total dollars reported. In the final DoD inflation rates. those instances exists, a delta is displayed as where a discrepancy and rounding.” “scoring Finally, i n some tables, small differences There are some discrepancies between the funding totals shown in or row sum of the column actual s shown and the between the total this book and those in the OMB publications. These differences entries are possible. The due to rounding. se discrepancies are also . For and scored are calculated account totals the way result from Overview Overview 4

12 Chapter 1: National Defense – An Overview federal agencies of other Activities -Related and Defense 053), overview Defense National the of an provides chapter This Dollar TOA BA, as provided are amounts or (subfunction 054). The function National Defense budget. federal function of the outlays. DoD of: comprised ) is 050 (function Military activities Energy Defense (subfunction 051), (subfunction Activities Atomic Page Tables 1-1 National Defense Budget Summary (FY 2017 to FY 2019)... 6 National Defense Budget – Long Range Forecast (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 7 1-2 National Defense Budget Authority – Current Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2019)... 8 1-3 National Defense Budget Authority – Constant Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2019)... 9 1-4 National Defense Outlays – Current Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2019)... 10 1-5 National Defense Outlays – Constant Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2019)... 11 1-6 Federal Unified Budget – Budget Authority by Function (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 12 1-7 13 Federal Unified Budget – Outlays by Function (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 1-8 National Defense Budget Authority – Discretionary and Mandatory (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 14 1-9 National Defense Outlays – Discretionary and Mandatory (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 16 1-10 18 Discretionary Budget Authority for Selected Programs (FY 2017 to FY 2028)... 1-11 19 Discretionary Budget Authority for Past Defense Budgets to the Present (FY 2012 to FY 2023)... 1-12 Introduction Chapter 1 5

13 Table 1-1: NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET SUMMARY (Dollars in Millions) Change Change 1 Function and Subfunction FY 2017 FY 2019 XFY 2018 FY 17-18 FY 18-19 Current Dollars Budget Authority +74,229 611,845 +5,883 605,962 ... 686,074 Department of Defense (Discretionary) 8,992 Department of Defense (Mandatory) ... +2,194 6,798 -13,479 20,277 626,239 051 - Total Department of Defense ... 618,643 +76,423 695,066 -7,596 2 ... Scoring and Rounding 34,301 25 -9 3 ... 31,699 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related +183 30,292 +1,407 30,109 3 ... +43,554 050 - Total National Defense 656,339 +26,897 683,236 726,790 Total Obligational Authority +73,892 686,356 609,287 612,464 051 - Total Department of Defense ... +3,177 Outlays +22,182 Department of Defense ... 650,048 591,076 568,894 +58,972 650,048 591,076 +22,182 568,894 051 - Total Department of Defense ... +58,972 2 6,879 ... 2 Scoring and Rounding 21,466 3 30,724 +985 31,709 +898 ... 29,826 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related 3 +44,544 050 - Total National Defense +45,370 688,636 643,266 ... 598,722 FY 2019 Constant Dollars Budget Authority 686,074 Department of Defense (Discretionary) ... 623,314 +62,760 630,095 -6,781 8,992 6,916 -14,154 21,070 Department of Defense (Mandatory) ... +2,076 +64,836 695,066 051 - Total Department of Defense ... 630,230 -20,935 651,165 33,803 25 Scoring and Rounding ... -4,099 31,699 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related ... 31,111 -303 30,808 +891 726,790 050 - Total National Defense ... 678,177 +16,664 694,841 +31,949 Total Obligational Authority 623,945 686,356 -9,697 633,642 051 - Total Department of Defense ... +62,411 Outlays +48,465 601,583 +10,908 590,675 Department of Defense ... 650,048 650,048 590,675 +10,908 601,583 051 - Total Department of Defense ... +48,465 6,879 21,362 -2,851 Scoring and Rounding ... 31,709 30,819 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related ... 31,247 +462 +428 +34,444 688,636 050 - Total National Defense ... 618,643 +35,549 654,192 NOTE: These figures consist of base plus war and supplemental funding. 1. Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 2. For budget authority, OMB is reporting -$9M in FY17 net spending authority that DoD is not. In FY18, OMB reports $34,301M in Continuing Resolution adjustments that DoD does not. Finally, OMB is reporting $25M in FY19 Spectrum Relocation Allowance funding that DoD is not. These differences will impact outlay reporting as well. 3. From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority and Outlays By Function, Category, and Program), OMB Historical Table 3-2 (Outlays by Function and Subfunction), and Historical Table 5-1 (Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-1 6

14 Table 1-2: NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET - LONG RANGE FORECAST (Dollars in Billions) 1 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 FY 2018 FY 2019 Function and Subfunction Current Dollars Budget Authority ... Department of Defense (Discretionary) 727.5 714.0 701.4 741.8 686.1 606.0 611.8 9.1 Department of Defense (Mandatory) ... 8.9 8.8 8.8 9.0 6.8 20.3 051 - Total Department of Defense (DoD Record) ... 750.8 626.2 618.6 695.1 710.1 722.8 736.5 2 Scoring and Rounding ... 0.3 34.3 0.6 0.5 0.2 3 051 - Total Department of Defense (OMB Record) ... 695.1 751.0 736.9 723.3 710.8 626.2 652.9 3 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related ... 30.6 34.2 37.7 30.1 30.3 31.7 33.4 3 ... 050 - Total National Defense 753.9 771.0 788.7 683.2 744.2 656.3 726.8 Outlays 591.1 720.5 733.9 051 - Total Department of Defense (DoD Record) ... 650.0 568.9 707.4 695.2 2 ... Scoring and Rounding 3.5 1.8 1.0 0.7 21.5 6.9 3 051 - Total Department of Defense (OMB Record) ... 656.9 721.5 734.7 698.6 709.3 568.9 612.5 3 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related ... 30.7 34.0 36.2 33.8 31.7 29.8 32.7 3 ... 050 - Total National Defense 732.4 742.0 755.5 770.9 598.7 643.3 688.6 FY 2019 Constant Dollars Budget Authority ... Department of Defense (Discretionary) 683.6 682.5 686.1 687.5 685.4 630.1 623.3 8.4 9.0 6.9 21.1 Department of Defense (Mandatory) ... 8.6 8.6 8.2 692.2 693.8 690.8 696.1 695.1 630.2 651.2 051 - Total Department of Defense (DoD Record) ... Scoring and Rounding ... -4.1 33.8 1.4 2.1 3.7 2.8 051 - Total Department of Defense (OMB Record) ... 695.0 694.5 647.1 664.0 695.1 697.5 695.9 32.8 32.2 34.9 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related ... 31.1 30.8 31.7 29.4 725.3 727.2 729.4 726.8 694.8 678.2 050 - Total National Defense ... 730.3 Outlays 681.7 650.0 675.5 601.6 590.7 051 - Total Department of Defense (DoD Record) ... 679.3 677.4 Scoring and Rounding ... 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.2 6.9 21.4 -2.9 051 - Total Department of Defense (OMB Record) ... 680.5 679.4 587.8 622.9 656.9 685.6 682.4 33.2 31.5 32.0 33.5 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related ... 30.8 31.2 31.7 688.6 718.8 712.6 712.9 050 - Total National Defense ... 618.6 654.2 713.9 NOTE: FY 2017 through FY 2019 consist of base plus war and supplemental funding. 1. Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 2. For budget authority, OMB is reporting -$9M in FY17 net spending authority that DoD is not. In FY18, OMB reports $34,301M in Continuing Resolution adjustments that DoD does not. Finally, OMB is reporting Spectrum Relocation Allowance funding that DoD is not ($25M in FY19, $616M in FY20, $493M in FY21, $316M in FY22, and $214M in FY23) . These differences will impact outlay reporting as well. 3. From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority and Outlays By Function, Category, and Program), OMB Historical Table 3-2 (Outlays by Function and Subfunction), and Historical Table 5-1 (Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-2 7

15 Table 1-3: NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) 1 XFY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2017 Function and Subfunction 3 2 2 Emerg. OCO Total OCO Total Base Total Base 051 - Department of Defense 149,333 139,187 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 3,839 134,655 4,661 138,494 153,994 284,553 235,240 262,425 716 61,258 200,451 258,707 Operation and Maintenance ... 49,313 12,782 144,545 124,337 107,188 15,998 2,423 125,609 Procurement ... 131,763 91,326 92,634 74,853 1,347 1,308 72,027 74,129 RDT&E ... 1,479 15 1,557 Revolving and Management Funds ... 15,134 1,502 426 1,928 1,542 609,204 515,823 677,283 Department of Defense (No MERHFC) ... 611,494 83,000 4,486 603,309 68,079 7,533 7,533 Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution ... 8,147 6,960 8,147 68,079 618,454 684,816 523,970 83,000 4,486 611,456 616,737 Department of Defense Plus MERHFC ... 8,880 921 9,801 Military Construction ... 6,894 6,448 432 200 7,080 1,335 1,583 1,583 1,276 1,276 Family Housing ... 10,463 11,384 Military Construction ... 8,229 7,724 432 200 8,356 921 -1,133 Offsetting Receipts (Net) and Other ... -445 -1,168 -1,168 -1,133 618,643 4,686 695,066 83,431 530,526 626,239 051 - Total Department of Defense (DoD Record) ... 626,066 69,000 4 34,301 -9 ... Scoring and Rounding 25 5 626,230 652,944 695,091 ... 051 - Total Department of Defense (OMB Record) 5 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related Activities 21,741 19,765 Department of Energy ... 19,807 112 111 120 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action ... 31 Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board ... 31 31 1,367 1,227 Energy Employees Occupational Illness Comp ... 1,216 -13 739 50 Other ... 21,862 23,106 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 21,367 5,097 5,061 5,185 Federal Bureau of Investigation ... 2,839 3,016 3,066 Other Discretionary Programs ... 45 Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund ... 65 50 Payment to CIA Retirement Fund and Other ... 514 514 514 -211 10 Other ... 8,742 8,430 8,593 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 31,699 30,109 053 / 054 - Total Energy and Defense-Related Activities ... 30,292 5 050 - Total National Defense ... 656,339 683,236 726,790 1. Consists of base plus war and supplemental funding. 2. Continuing resolution funding. 3. Emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 4. For budget authority, OMB is reporting -$9M in FY17 net spending authority that DoD is not. In FY18, OMB reports $34,301M in Continuing Resolution adjustments that DoD does not. In FY19, DoD is reporting a $20 billion OCO-to-base funding transfer, while OMB is not. Finally, OMB is reporting $25M in FY19 Spectrum Relocation Allowance funding that DoD is not. 5. From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority and Outlays By Function, Category, and Program) and OMB Historical Table 5-1 (Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-3 8

16 Table 1-4: NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) 1 XFY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2017 Function and Subfunction 3 2 2 OCO Total Base OCO Base Total Total Emerg. 051 - Department of Defense 141,709 137,783 145,355 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 3,928 153,994 149,333 -2 4,661 284,553 235,240 266,701 737 62,254 203,710 268,952 Operation and Maintenance ... 49,313 12,782 144,545 129,001 109,231 16,303 2,475 128,009 Procurement ... 131,763 91,326 92,634 76,080 1,371 1,308 73,206 76,663 RDT&E ... 1,503 15 1,557 15,646 1,528 433 1,961 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,542 614,460 68,079 677,283 Department of Defense (No MERHFC) ... 635,617 525,458 84,421 4,581 609,204 7,533 7,533 Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution ... 7,464 8,448 8,448 68,079 643,081 Department of Defense Plus MERHFC ... 533,906 84,421 4,581 622,908 616,737 684,816 Military Construction ... 921 9,801 7,161 6,568 440 204 7,212 8,880 1,583 1,583 1,298 1,298 1,382 Family Housing ... 8,510 10,463 921 11,384 Military Construction ... 8,543 7,866 440 204 -1,133 -1,133 -1,188 -1,188 -459 Offsetting Receipts (Net) and Other ... 626,066 051 - Total Department of Defense (DoD Record) ... 630,230 4,785 84,861 540,584 651,165 69,000 695,066 -4,099 25 33,803 Scoring and Rounding ... 695,091 664,033 ... 051 - Total Department of Defense (OMB Record) 647,066 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related Activities 20,101 20,466 Department of Energy ... 21,741 116 113 120 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action ... Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board ... 32 32 31 1,412 1,227 Energy Employees Occupational Illness Comp ... 1,237 -13 752 52 Other ... 22,235 23,106 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 22,078 5,267 5,147 5,185 Federal Bureau of Investigation ... 2,839 3,067 3,168 Other Discretionary Programs ... 45 Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund ... 67 51 Payment to CIA Retirement Fund and Other ... 531 523 514 Other ... 10 -215 8,593 8,573 9,033 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 31,111 30,808 31,699 053 / 054 - Total Energy and Defense-Related Activities ... ... 050 - Total National Defense 726,790 694,841 678,177 1. Consists of base plus war and supplemental funding. 2. Continuing resolution funding. 3. Emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). Chapter 1 Table 1-4 9

17 Table 1-5: NATIONAL DEFENSE OUTLAYS (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) 2 1 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2017 Function and Subfunction 3 4 4 4 3 Base Total OCO Emerg. Total Total Base OCO 051 - Department of Defense 4,384 135,083 137,745 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 137,060 1,977 152,300 147,916 Operation and Maintenance ... 29,118 246,109 255,861 369 31,548 223,944 245,186 275,227 118,643 104,119 97,935 8,239 1,248 107,422 115,461 Procurement ... 3,182 608 85,508 72,788 694 86,116 71,332 68,126 RDT&E ... 762 -10 Revolving and Management Funds ... -383 1,164 219 1,383 -23 13 37,305 529,458 Department of Defense (No MERHFC) ... 554,793 42,745 2,311 574,514 594,971 632,276 7,533 6,961 8,146 8,146 7,533 Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution ... 639,809 537,604 42,745 2,311 561,754 582,660 602,504 37,305 Department of Defense Plus MERHFC ... 21 9,949 Military Construction ... 6,673 7,989 222 103 8,314 9,928 1,128 1,382 1,382 1,128 1,208 Family Housing ... 21 7,881 Military Construction ... 9,117 222 103 9,442 11,310 11,331 Offsetting Receipts (Net) and Other ... -741 -1,027 -1,027 -1,092 -1,092 612,721 591,076 2,414 42,967 545,695 568,894 051 - Total Department of Defense (DoD Record) ... 37,327 650,048 5 6,879 21,466 2 ... Scoring and Rounding 6 051 - Total Department of Defense (OMB Record) 656,927 ... 612,542 568,896 6 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related Activities 18,935 Department of Energy ... 21,632 19,904 113 117 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action ... 94 31 Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board ... 30 31 1,216 Energy Employees Occupational Illness Comp ... 1,369 1,227 157 468 54 Other ... 20,482 23,164 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 21,732 5,770 5,069 5,168 Federal Bureau of Investigation ... 2,881 3,480 3,000 Other Discretionary Programs ... 60 Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund ... 56 47 Payment to CIA Retirement Fund and Other ... 514 514 514 -65 -127 Other ... 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 8,545 9,344 8,992 31,709 29,826 053 / 054 - Total Energy and Defense-Related Activities ... 30,724 6 643,266 050 - Total National Defense ... 688,636 598,722 1. Consists of base plus war and supplemental funding. 2. Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 3. Base outlays for FY 2018 and FY 2019 include outlays from previous years' base, war, and supplemental funding. 4. Emergency and OCO outlay data reflect estimated outlays for that year's funding only. 5. For budget authority, OMB is reporting -$9M in FY17 net spending authority that DoD is not. In FY18, OMB reports $34,301M in Continuing Resolution adjustments that DoD does not. Finally, OMB is reporting $25M in FY19 Spectrum Relocation Allowance funding that DoD is not. These differences will impact outlay reporting as well. 6. From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority and Outlays By Function, Category, and Program) and OMB Historical Table 3-2 (Outlays by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-5 10

18 Table 1-6: NATIONAL DEFENSE OUTLAYS (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) 2 1 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2017 Function and Subfunction 4 4 4 3 3 OCO OCO Total Total Base Base Total Emerg. 051 - Department of Defense 147,916 138,206 143,835 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 3 2,023 4,384 140,232 152,300 29,118 246,109 259,801 366 32,035 227,400 254,501 Operation and Maintenance ... 275,227 118,643 107,584 99,598 8,379 1,271 109,248 115,461 Procurement ... 3,182 608 85,508 73,896 704 86,116 72,418 70,312 RDT&E ... 774 -10 -396 1,184 223 1,407 -23 Revolving and Management Funds ... 13 594,971 632,276 Department of Defense (No MERHFC) ... 575,836 538,806 43,434 2,344 584,584 37,305 7,533 Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution ... 7,464 8,448 8,448 7,533 639,809 547,254 583,300 43,434 2,344 593,032 602,504 37,305 Department of Defense Plus MERHFC ... Military Construction ... 9,949 6,893 104,980 2,917 1,351 109,248 9,928 21 1,382 1,382 73,896 171 73,725 1,247 Family Housing ... 11,310 21 11,331 Military Construction ... 8,140 178,705 2,917 1,522 183,144 -1,092 -1,092 -1,044 -1,044 -765 Offsetting Receipts (Net) and Other ... 37,327 650,048 051 - Total Department of Defense (DoD Record) ... 724,915 46,351 3,866 601,583 612,721 590,675 6,879 21,362 -2,851 Scoring and Rounding ... 051 - Total Department of Defense (OMB Record) 587,824 622,945 656,927 ... 053 / 054 - Energy and Defense-Related Activities 21,632 20,242 19,565 Department of Energy ... 115 117 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action ... 97 Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board ... 31 32 31 1,237 Energy Employees Occupational Illness Comp ... 1,415 1,227 157 476 56 Other ... 21,164 23,164 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 22,102 5,962 5,155 5,168 Federal Bureau of Investigation ... 2,881 3,539 3,100 Other Discretionary Programs ... Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund ... 62 57 47 Payment to CIA Retirement Fund and Other ... 531 523 514 -65 -129 Other ... 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 8,545 9,655 9,145 31,709 30,819 053 / 054 - Total Energy and Defense-Related Activities ... 31,247 ... 618,643 654,192 688,636 050 - Total National Defense 1. Consists of base plus war and supplemental funding. 2. Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 3. Base outlays for FY 2018 and FY 2019 include outlays from previous years' base, war, and supplemental funding. 4. Emergency and OCO outlay data reflect estimated outlays for that year's funding only. Chapter 1 Table 1-6 11

19 Table 1-7: FEDERAL UNIFIED BUDGET - BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION (Dollars in Billions) Function FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 FY 2020 FY 2018 FY 2019 683.2 726.8 753.9 771 788.7 National Defense ... 656.3 744.2 050 150 66.7 32.0 35.5 78.9 31.9 41.8 30.2 International Affairs ... 250 28.5 28.5 28.5 28.5 General Science, Space, and Technology ... 32.2 31.7 28.5 270 -3.1 1.1 0.7 -0.4 -5.1 4.7 5.9 Energy ... 300 35.5 35.8 35.3 34.1 34.5 Natural Resources and Environment ... 44.4 41.7 350 14.2 19.7 19.7 18.6 18.6 20.7 Agriculture ... 22.2 370 6.5 -5.3 -4.0 -2.4 0.7 -14.2 -3.0 Commerce and Housing Credit ... 400 90.2 82.9 90.5 80.1 80.2 Transportation ... 92.3 91.4 450 43.2 13.4 13.3 13.8 13.9 42.7 Community and Regional Development ... 62.9 500 86.0 90.3 88.5 88.1 89.4 148.4 Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services ... 100.7 550 585 569 632 606 621 641 Health ... 556 570 607.1 662.2 709.6 804.3 830.1 Medicare ... 623.7 672.6 600 503.7 522.3 540.5 550.8 509.8 514.2 501.2 Income Security ... 650 1,057.2 1,118.8 1,184.0 1,254.2 1,328.4 Social Security ... 946.2 997.1 700 179.3 209.8 217.6 224.0 231.8 184.5 Veterans Benefits and Services ... 193.2 750 66.9 63.5 64.5 65.9 62.5 65.7 Administration of Justice ... 59.7 800 25.1 37.6 27.8 28.2 29.5 29.3 General Government ... 23.5 900 262.5 446.6 510.4 567.7 618.5 Net Interest ... 310.3 363.4 920 ... 127.3 -42.2 -53.3 -66.9 -79.5 Allowances ... -24.8 -89.8 -102.0 -104.1 -92.7 -91.4 -91.9 -91.8 Undistributed Offsetting Receipts ... 950 4,571.2 4,577.6 4,753.3 4,264.4 5,208.0 4,153.9 ... Grand Total 5,011.2 From OMB Historical Table 5-1 (Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-7 12

20 Table 1-8: FEDERAL UNIFIED BUDGET - OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION (Dollars in Billions) Function FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 FY 2020 FY 2018 FY 2019 643.3 688.6 742.0 755.5 770.9 National Defense ... 598.7 732.4 050 150 46.3 34.3 29.4 47.3 44.0 63.3 36.9 International Affairs ... 250 29.8 29.7 29.2 29.3 General Science, Space, and Technology ... 30.4 31.7 32.5 270 3.2 1.2 0.5 -0.5 -4.2 4.0 3.9 Energy ... 300 38.3 38.4 36.7 35.0 34.9 Natural Resources and Environment ... 37.9 40.4 350 18.9 15.8 19.9 18.7 18.5 26.9 Agriculture ... 20.5 370 4.9 -21.2 -20.5 -20.3 -19.0 -26.8 -23.4 Commerce and Housing Credit ... 400 94.0 93.3 92.4 69.4 66.8 Transportation ... 93.6 94.4 450 24.9 27.2 23.8 17.6 15.5 54.3 Community and Regional Development ... 70.4 500 85.6 93.7 86.2 87.9 100.6 144.0 Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services ... 98.6 550 594 594 629 606 619 638 Health ... 533 570 597.3 662.5 710.0 804.6 830.1 Medicare ... 588.4 631.0 600 498.8 510.5 532.5 535.2 500.1 503.5 499.6 Income Security ... 650 1,052.1 1,113.5 1,178.4 1,248.2 1,322.0 Social Security ... 944.9 992.5 700 176.5 210.7 216.6 232.5 230.0 177.2 Veterans Benefits and Services ... 197.9 750 66.9 65.7 65.8 66.4 65.2 57.9 Administration of Justice ... 69.6 800 26.3 29.3 29.9 28.8 30.1 29.9 General Government ... 23.9 900 262.6 446.6 510.4 567.7 618.5 Net Interest ... 310.3 363.4 920 ... -9.9 -21.2 -28.8 -40.2 -44.1 Allowances ... -28.0 -89.8 -102.0 -104.1 -92.7 -91.4 -91.9 -91.8 Undistributed Offsetting Receipts ... 950 4,406.7 4,595.9 4,754.1 4,173.0 5,164.6 3,981.6 ... Grand Total 4,996.5 From OMB Historical Table 3-2 (Outlays by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-8 13

21 Table 1-9: NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY - DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY (Dollars in Millions) 1 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 XFY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2021 FY 2020 Function and Subfunction 3 2 2 Emerg. OCO Total Total Total Total Total OCO Total Base Base Total 051 - Dept of Defense Discretionary 131,657 4,661 150,835 155,053 158,790 140,689 145,350 3,839 127,818 132,418 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 145,813 234,232 49,313 283,545 241,017 249,087 256,509 260,184 Operation and Maintenance ... 258,070 199,670 61,258 716 261,644 131,558 124,319 144,340 132,139 137,596 141,495 150,121 Procurement ... 107,134 15,998 2,423 125,555 12,782 1,347 74,593 92,365 89,926 90,722 87,426 85,640 1,308 1,479 71,767 73,601 RDT&E ... 91,057 1,542 15 1,557 242 273 239 235 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,449 1,501 426 1,927 595,376 590,857 68,079 667,157 609,137 628,513 640,722 654,970 Department of Defense Bill (No MERHFC) ... 507,890 83,000 4,486 599,078 7,533 8,147 8,973 9,461 8,147 6,960 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 8,003 7,533 8,480 4,486 606,611 674,690 617,140 636,993 649,695 664,431 603,523 83,000 516,037 597,817 Department of Defense Bill Plus MERHFC ... 68,079 7,080 8,880 921 9,801 9,850 9,853 10,485 Military Construction ... 6,894 6,448 432 200 10,202 1,583 1,379 1,381 1,471 1,415 Family Housing ... 1,251 1,243 1,243 1,583 11,617 8,323 921 11,384 11,229 11,234 11,956 200 432 7,691 8,145 Military Construction Bill ... 10,463 45,800 OCO to Base ... 53,000 45,800 45,800 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 611,845 051 - Total DoD Discretionary (DoD Record) ... 686,074 701,368 714,027 727,452 741,848 4,686 83,431 617,074 523,728 605,962 69,000 4 Scoring and Rounding 34,302 -21 ... 5 714,027 727,452 ... 051 - Total DoD Discretionary (OMB Record) 605,941 646,147 686,074 701,368 741,848 051 - Dept of Defense Mandatory 9,007 9,258 9,412 Military Personnel ... 6,769 6,837 8,644 8,788 957 637 948 Operation and Maintenance ... 781 1,008 921 972 18 54 205 Procurement ... 269 260 528 RDT&E ... 1 12,685 Revolving and Management Funds ... 9,964 10,230 10,360 20,637 7,933 Department of Defense ... 9,709 10,126 Military Construction ... 84 33 Family Housing ... 33 84 Military Construction ... 633 324 Trust Funds ... 652 808 514 591 488 -1,682 -1,672 -1,645 Offsetting Receipts ... -1,696 -899 -1,555 -1,690 -86 -83 -79 Interfund Transactions ... -60 -101 -95 -91 8,785 9,084 8,933 8,781 8,992 6,798 20,277 051 - Total DoD Mandatory (DoD Record) ... 4 616 25 316 213 12 494 Scoring and Rounding ... -1 5 9,017 9,397 9,279 9,400 051 - Total DoD Mandatory (OMB Record) 9,146 ... 20,289 6,797 1. Consists of base plus war and supplemental funding. 2. Continuing resolution funding. 3. Emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 4. For budget authority, OMB is reporting -$9M in FY17 net spending authority that DoD is not. In FY18, OMB reports $34,301M in Continuing Resolution adjustments that DoD does not. In FY19, DoD is reporting a $20 billion OCO-to-base funding transfer, while OMB is not. Finally, OMB is reporting Spectrum Relocation Allowance funding that DoD is not ($25M in FY19, $616M in FY20, $493M in FY21, $316M in FY22, and $214M in FY23) . 5. From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority and Outlays By Function, Category, and Program) and OMB Historical Table 5-1 (Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-9 14

22 Table 1-9: NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY - DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) 1 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 XFY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2021 FY 2020 Function and Subfunction 3 2 2 Emerg. OCO Total Total Total Total Total OCO Total Base Base Total 051 - Dept of Defense Combined 138,494 4,661 159,842 164,311 168,202 149,333 153,994 3,839 134,655 139,187 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 154,601 235,240 49,313 284,553 241,938 250,044 257,481 261,132 Operation and Maintenance ... 258,707 200,451 61,258 716 262,425 131,763 124,337 144,545 132,139 137,596 141,495 150,121 Procurement ... 107,188 15,998 2,423 125,609 12,782 1,347 74,853 92,634 89,926 90,722 87,426 85,640 1,308 1,479 72,027 74,129 RDT&E ... 91,326 1,542 15 1,557 242 273 239 235 Revolving and Management Funds ... 15,134 1,502 426 1,928 603,309 611,494 68,079 677,283 618,846 638,477 650,952 665,330 Department of Defense (No MERHFC) ... 515,823 83,000 4,486 609,204 7,533 8,147 8,973 9,461 8,147 6,960 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 8,003 7,533 8,480 4,486 616,737 684,816 626,849 646,957 659,925 674,791 611,456 83,000 523,970 618,454 Department of Defense Plus MERHFC ... 68,079 7,080 8,880 921 9,801 9,850 9,853 10,485 Military Construction ... 6,894 6,448 432 200 10,202 1,583 1,379 1,381 1,471 1,415 Family Housing ... 1,335 1,276 1,276 1,583 11,617 8,356 921 11,384 11,229 11,234 11,956 200 432 7,724 8,229 Military Construction ... 10,463 652 652 808 591 633 324 Trust Funds ... 514 488 488 -1,690 -1,555 -1,682 -1,696 -1,672 -1,555 -899 Offsetting Receipts ... -1,690 -1,645 -95 -101 -83 -79 -91 -101 -60 Interfund Transactions ... -95 -86 45,800 45,800 45,800 53,000 OCO to Base ... 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 618,643 626,066 69,000 695,066 710,149 722,813 736,536 750,780 051 - Total Dept of Defense (DoD Record) ... 626,239 530,526 83,431 4,686 4 25 493 316 214 Scoring and Rounding -9 ... 34,301 616 5 051 - Total Dept of Defense (OMB Record) ... 652,944 695,091 723,306 736,852 750,994 626,230 710,765 5 053 - Atomic Energy Defense Activities 19,950 24,040 24,543 22,983 053 - Atomic Energy Discretionary ... 21,892 23,485 20,596 1,228 1,238 1,248 1,261 053 - Atomic Energy Mandatory ... 1,417 1,266 1,214 24,211 23,106 25,804 21,862 21,367 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 24,723 25,288 5 054 - Defense-Related Activities 8,308 11,409 8,163 8,649 8,034 7,866 5,288 054 - Defense-Related Discretionary ... 571 561 524 054 - Defense-Related Mandatory ... 579 564 559 564 9,213 5,859 11,933 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 8,742 8,430 8,869 8,593 5 050 - National Defense 733,000 742,800 759,800 777,800 050 - National Defense Discretionary ... 634,054 674,609 716,000 11,189 22,285 10,931 8,627 10,790 050 - National Defense Mandatory ... 11,088 11,209 744,189 771,009 788,731 726,790 683,236 656,339 050 - Total National Defense ... 753,888 1. Consists of base plus war and supplemental funding. 2. Continuing resolution funding. 3. Emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 4. For budget authority, OMB is reporting -$9M in FY17 net spending authority that DoD is not. In FY18, OMB reports $34,301M in Continuing Resolution adjustments that DoD does not. In FY19, DoD is reporting a $20 billion OCO-to-base funding transfer, while OMB is not. Finally, OMB is reporting Spectrum Relocation Allowance funding that DoD is not ($25M in FY19, $616M in FY20, $493M in FY21, $316M in FY22, and $214M in FY23) . 5. From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority and Outlays By Function, Category, and Program) and OMB Historical Table 5-1 (Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-9 15

23 Table 1-10: NATIONAL DEFENSE OUTLAYS - DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY (Dollars in Millions) 2 1 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 XFY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2017 Function and Subfunction 4 3 4 4 3 Total Total Total Total OCO Emerg. OCO Total Base Total Base Total 051 - Dept of Defense Discretionary 151,526 154,690 158,077 130,223 4,384 143,655 128,246 130,975 139,271 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 149,410 1,977 274,505 255,733 247,257 252,462 256,954 244,638 223,344 31,548 369 255,261 245,387 Operation and Maintenance ... 29,118 Procurement ... 118,609 130,068 132,801 135,035 139,148 104,112 97,906 8,239 1,248 107,393 115,427 3,182 85,237 85,845 94,578 93,328 89,668 86,533 RDT&E ... 68,082 70,558 762 694 72,014 608 1,232 -56 -425 -1,426 -2,109 -69 -442 219 1,013 -72 Revolving and Management Funds ... 13 585,253 37,305 622,558 629,347 Department of Defense Bill (No MERHFC) ... 630,429 638,603 547,735 521,067 42,745 2,311 566,123 624,487 7,533 8,480 8,973 9,461 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 6,961 8,146 8,146 7,533 8,003 592,786 2,311 637,350 632,967 639,402 648,064 42,745 529,213 37,305 554,696 Department of Defense Bill Plus MERHFC ... 574,269 630,091 103 9,928 9,867 10,099 10,246 10,597 8,314 9,949 222 7,989 6,673 Military Construction ... 21 1,375 1,424 1,420 1,413 Family Housing ... 1,124 1,095 1,095 1,382 1,382 11,310 9,084 11,331 11,242 11,523 11,666 12,010 Military Construction Bill ... 7,797 222 103 9,409 21 Allowances ... -87 Trust Funds ... -3 41,981 44,937 27,295 38,003 OCO to Base ... 19,400 15,740 10,300 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 17,980 583,677 604,097 37,327 641,425 686,187 698,233 711,028 724,411 051 - Total DoD Discretionary (DoD Record) ... 562,403 538,296 42,967 2,414 5 6,877 717 513 -1 ... 21,464 Scoring and Rounding 2,884 1,345 6 689,071 724,924 562,402 699,578 ... 605,141 051 - Total DoD Discretionary (OMB Record) 648,302 711,745 051 - Dept of Defense Mandatory 8,561 7,223 9,084 4,345 8,645 6,837 6,770 Military Personnel ... 966 548 600 722 7,496 2,043 Operation and Maintenance ... 870 988 383 Procurement ... 7 29 34 244 1,458 -343 271 RDT&E ... 44 774 -2,167 -891 -146 93 84 Revolving and Management Funds ... 114 -311 151 46 102 10,169 10,401 Department of Defense ... 7,058 8,391 9,718 10,020 9,917 70 119 145 -86 Military Construction ... -6 -3 Family Housing ... 84 33 -41 -15 113 130 -127 33 84 67 Military Construction ... 935 929 811 693 629 308 819 Trust Funds ... Offsetting Receipts ... -1,696 -1,682 -1,645 -1,690 -1,555 -899 -1,672 Interfund Transactions ... -79 -60 -101 -95 -91 -86 -83 9,206 9,436 9,535 8,966 8,623 7,398 6,492 051 - Total DoD Mandatory (DoD Record) ... 5 600 3 214 2 2 ... Scoring and Rounding 487 311 6 9,566 9,747 9,749 051 - Total DoD Mandatory (OMB Record) 7,401 8,625 6,494 ... 9,693 1. Consists of base plus war and supplemental funding. 2. Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 3. Base outlays for FY 2018 and FY 2019 include outlays from previous years' base, war, and supplemental funding. 4. Emergency and OCO outlay data reflect estimated outlays from that year's funding only. 5. For budget authority, OMB is reporting -$9M in FY17 net spending authority that DoD is not. In FY18, OMB reports $34,301M in Continuing Resolution adjustments that DoD does not. In FY19, DoD is reporting a $20 billion OCO-to-base funding transfer, while OMB is not. Finally, OMB is reporting Spectrum Relocation Allowance funding that DoD is not ($25M in FY19, $616M in FY20, $493M in FY21, $316M in FY22, and $214M in FY23) . These differences will impact outlay reporting as well. 6. From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority and Outlays By Function, Category, and Program) and OMB Historical Table 3-2 (Outlays by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-10 16

24 Table 1-10: NATIONAL DEFENSE OUTLAYS - DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) 2 1 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 XFY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2017 Function and Subfunction 4 3 4 3 4 Total Base Emerg. OCO Base Total OCO Total Total Total Total Total 051 - Dept of Defense Combined 163,251 158,749 167,161 137,745 135,083 1,977 137,060 147,916 4,384 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 153,755 152,300 29,118 275,227 263,229 249,300 253,332 257,920 Operation and Maintenance ... 245,186 223,944 31,548 369 255,861 246,109 3,182 130,312 134,259 136,023 139,531 Procurement ... 104,119 97,935 8,239 1,248 107,422 115,461 118,643 694 85,508 92,411 92,437 89,325 86,387 72,788 86,116 762 71,332 68,126 RDT&E ... 608 13 -10 -340 -341 -1,333 -1,995 Revolving and Management Funds ... -383 1,164 219 1,383 -23 594,971 42,745 632,276 639,367 634,404 640,598 649,004 Department of Defense (No MERHFC) ... 554,793 529,458 2,311 574,514 37,305 8,003 7,533 9,461 8,146 8,146 6,961 8,480 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,533 8,973 2,311 37,305 647,370 642,884 649,571 658,465 582,660 602,504 42,745 537,604 561,754 Department of Defense Plus MERHFC ... 639,809 9,928 21 9,949 9,781 10,244 10,365 10,667 Military Construction ... 6,673 7,989 222 103 8,314 1,334 1,414 1,410 Family Housing ... 1,208 1,128 1,128 1,382 1,382 1,409 11,310 11,115 11,331 9,442 11,653 11,779 12,077 Military Construction ... 21 103 222 9,117 7,881 -87 Allowances ... 693 811 929 935 819 Trust Funds ... 305 629 629 693 -1,690 -1,690 -1,696 -1,672 -1,555 -1,555 -899 Offsetting Receipts ... -1,645 -1,682 -91 -95 -79 -101 -101 -60 Interfund Transactions ... -86 -95 -83 27,295 38,003 41,981 44,937 OCO to Base ... 17,980 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 15,740 19,400 10,300 37,327 650,048 051 - Total Dept of Defense (DoD Record) ... 707,439 720,465 733,946 568,894 545,695 42,967 2,414 591,076 612,721 695,153 5 ... 1,027 Scoring and Rounding 2 21,466 6,879 3,484 1,832 727 6 051 - Total Dept of Defense (OMB Record) ... 734,673 656,927 709,271 721,492 568,896 612,542 698,637 6 053 - Atomic Energy Defense Activities 21,936 20,462 24,332 24,375 24,486 053 - Atomic Energy Discretionary ... 23,503 19,059 1,258 1,265 1,252 1,228 1,270 1,423 053 - Atomic Energy Mandatory ... 1,242 25,627 25,744 25,597 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 20,482 21,732 23,164 24,745 6 054 - Defense-Related Activities 8,390 10,100 054 - Defense-Related Discretionary ... 8,731 6,529 7,665 7,939 8,484 565 568 054 - Defense-Related Mandatory ... 613 602 539 606 562 8,230 10,639 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 9,344 8,992 8,545 9,046 7,097 6 050 - National Defense 590,192 759,356 633,993 721,058 050 - National Defense Discretionary ... 678,177 730,482 743,896 11,513 11,570 11,553 050 - National Defense Mandatory ... 8,530 9,273 10,459 11,370 732,428 741,995 770909 050 - Total National Defense ... 598,722 643,266 688,636 755,466 1. Consists of base plus war and supplemental funding. 2. Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 3. Base outlays for FY 2018 and FY 2019 include outlays from previous years' base, war, and supplemental funding. 4. Emergency and OCO outlay data reflect estimated outlays from that year's funding only. 5. For budget authority, OMB is reporting -$9M in FY17 net spending authority that DoD is not. In FY18, OMB reports $34,301M in Continuing Resolution adjustments that DoD does not. In FY19, DoD is reporting a $20 billion OCO-to-base funding transfer, while OMB is not. Finally, OMB is reporting Spectrum Relocation Allowance funding that DoD is not ($25M in FY19, $616M in FY20, $493M in FY21, $316M in FY22, and $214M in FY23) . These differences will impact outlay reporting as well. 6. From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority and Outlays By Function, Category, and Program) and OMB Historical Table 3-2 (Outlays by Function and Subfunction). Chapter 1 Table 1-10 17

25 Table 1-11: DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR SELECTED PROGRAMS BY BUDGET FUNCTION AND SUBFUNCTION AS REPORTED BY OMB (Dollars in Millions) Total FY 2024 FY 2026 FY 2027 FY 2025 FY 2028 Function and Subfunction FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY19 FY19 -FY23 -FY28 National Defense Base Funding 661,652 6,810,622 051 - Department of Defense ... 597,074 628,368 648,227 3,211,369 676,048 690,245 704,740 719,540 734,650 750,078 24,040 24,543 25,059 25,586 26,122 26,671 27,231 116,943 247,612 23,485 22,983 053 - Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 21,892 8,649 5,288 8,308 11,409 11,696 11,674 12,338 12,679 12,691 41,688 102,766 054 - Defense-Related Activities ... 8,034 727,000 627,000 7,161,000 3,370,000 790,000 774,000 758,000 742,000 050 - Total National Defense ... 712,000 694,000 677,000 660,000 Nat'l Defense Overseas Contingency Ops 89,000 73,000 65,800 65,800 65,800 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 359,400 409,400 051 - Department of Defense ... 10,000 73,000 65,800 65,800 65,800 10,000 10,000 89,000 10,000 10,000 359,400 409,400 050 - Total National Defense ... Non-Defense Overseas Contingency Ops 151 - International Development and Humanitarian Assistance ... 4,238 4,238 4,238 4,086 152 - International Security Assistance ... 4,086 4,086 3,694 3,694 3,694 153 - Conduct of Foreign Affairs ... 12,018 150 - Total International Affairs ... 12,018 12,018 4,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 16,000 26,000 Non-Specified Outyear OCO Placeholder ... 8,000 From OMB Analytical Perspectives Table 26-1 (Net Budget Authority By Function, Category, and Program), and Table 27-1 (Federal Budget by Agency and Account). Chapter 1 Table 1-11 18

26 Table 1-12: DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR PAST DEFENSE BUDGETS TO THE PRESENT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BASE SUBMISSIONS AS REPORTED BY OMB (Dollars in Millions) FY 2012 - FY 2017 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2012 FY 2015 FY 2013 FY 2016 FY 2014 FY 2023X FY 2012 President's Budget 553,025 621,568 632,756 644,146 655,741 667,544 6,140,609 Request ... 570,725 598,172 610,578 586,354 -52,247 -49,633 -54,225 -53,467 -51,750 -50,315 -52,804 -486,877 Delta ... -22,478 -45,291 -54,667 FY 2013 President's Budget 617,911 567,343 579,289 592,396 605,426 533,550 634,242 6,287,974 525,434 Request ... 530,547 555,911 545,925 -6,928 Delta ... -4,542 -7,376 -10,718 -15,249 -18,700 -21,614 -28,355 -5,086 -136 -- -118,704 FY 2014 President's Budget 615,475 540,839 568,571 577,147 586,726 596,297 605,887 559,967 6,784,745 525,434 530,411 551,369 526,622 Request ... -30,593 -45,234 -16,228 -16,223 -17,177 -18,131 Delta ... -20,043 -19,087 -14,913 -247,553 -- -29,968 -19,956 FY 2015 President's Budget 585,931 495,605 543,744 551,394 559,016 530,411 576,254 535,141 600,562 6,537,192 Request ... 496,029 495,466 567,639 -- -- +497 Delta ... +3,540 +5,043 +5,361 +2,367 +5,152 +7,104 +4,333 +32,569 -828 -- FY 2016 President's Budget 496,102 534,313 547,284 556,437 564,377 570,006 581,406 593,035 604,895 6,569,761 Request ... 530,411 496,029 495,466 -- +3,826 -12,657 -23,382 +276 +454 +367 -- +4,172 +4,547 -22,397 Delta ... -- -- FY 2017 President's Budget 570,373 521,656 523,902 556,713 564,831 530,411 585,232 597,207 609,442 6,547,364 Request ... 496,029 496,102 495,466 -- -- -- -308 +25,203 +17,828 -- -- Delta ... -- -- +42,723 -- -- FY 2018 President's Budget 496,102 521,348 549,105 574,541 Request ... 496,029 530,411 Not available. 495,466 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -25,905 Delta ... -- -- -25,905 FY 2019 President's Budget 6,848,466 496,102 574,541* 597,074 628,368 648,227 661,652 676,048 523,200 521,348 496,029 495,466 530,411 Request ... * Reflects Continuing Resolution funding. Data were provided by OMB, and are summarized in the OMB Budget of the U.S. Government Summary Tables for the FY 2012 through FY 2019 President's Budget submissions. Chapter 1 Table 1-12 19

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28 Chapter 2: Base Budget, War Funding and Supplementals assistance, the Global War on Terror, Overseas Contingency war and for on data provides chapter This supplemental funding unanticipated Operations, and funding for other and emergency of base in addition to the FY Defense since the Department 2001, . urgent requirements War and supplemental authorities presented here include budget. disaster American Recovery and Reinvestment Act the of 2009, Tables Page Base Budget, War Funding and Supplementals by Military Department, by P.L. Title (FY 2001 to FY 2019)... 2-1 22 Chapter 2 Introduction 21

29 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Total Department of Defense FY 2001 76,374 1,075 287,418 Base ... 41,108 5,360 98,251 61,628 3,622 1 22,934 1,165 ... Global War on Terror 21,769 2 Other Supplemental 63 60 178 5,840 487 ... 515 4,724 -187 5,423 1,253 316,192 Total FY 2001 Dept of Defense ... 76,888 124,744 62,607 41,594 3,683 FY 2002 61,547 4,049 2,644 328,184 117,962 86,724 Base ... 48,732 6,526 3 1,194 -14 105 16,870 Global War on Terror 206 ... 15,379 62,740 6,631 4,048 2,644 345,054 Total FY 2002 Dept of Defense ... 86,930 133,341 48,718 FY 2003 124,931 4,181 3,342 364,919 57,294 93,934 74,756 6,483 Base ... 4 3,734 809 186 2 Global War on Terror 72,536 ... 15,019 52,785 78,490 58,103 4,183 3,342 437,456 Total FY 2003 Dept of Defense ... 108,953 177,716 6,670 FY 2004 376,516 5,637 3,801 2,586 97,048 126,984 Base ... 64,307 76,153 5 6 61,833 6,918 334 501 24 2,102 90,776 Global War on Terror ... 19,064 6 310 ... Other Supplemental 2 313 64,641 189,127 4,688 467,604 116,111 Total FY 2004 Dept of Defense ... 6,137 83,073 3,825 FY 2005 79,088 4,075 2,260 400,074 138,192 102,294 Base ... 68,179 5,984 7 Global War on Terror 640 1,128 1,543 17,376 ... 17,447 37,508 75,642 8 6 148 21 4 3,200 Hurricane & Tsunami Relief 2,872 ... 150 68,825 7,260 4,096 3,807 478,915 178,571 119,740 Total FY 2005 Dept of Defense ... 96,614 FY 2006 79,632 137,187 3,965 589 410,570 109,103 Base ... 72,037 8,055 9 72,354 762 236 3,033 115,763 16,489 ... 22,889 Global War on Terror 10 2,806 2,850 55 1,239 Hurricane Relief 66 8,023 460 ... 548 11 130 130 ... Avian Flu Relief 105,371 72,855 9,530 4,426 3,688 534,484 Total FY 2006 Dept of Defense ... 126,139 212,477 Chapter 2 Table 2-1 22

30 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Total Dept of Defense (Continued) FY 2007 110,410 2,279 431,495 84,123 Base ... 75,893 145,613 9,154 4,022 12 1,506 Global War on Terror 1,121 166,272 1,670 ... 18,894 93,615 49,466 12 ... Other Supplemental 3,137 3,137 13,961 4,022 3,400 Total FY 2007 Dept of Defense ... 129,304 239,228 133,589 77,399 600,904 FY 2008 77,959 17,831 2,832 2,402 479,032 Base ... 117,119 161,778 99,111 13 93,349 1,608 4,234 12 2,698 186,908 Global War on Terror ... 19,138 65,869 164,979 79,567 5,101 665,940 255,127 136,257 2,844 Total FY 2008 Dept of Defense ... 22,064 FY 2009 79,393 21,899 3,158 3,156 513,219 Base ... 125,625 179,102 100,886 14 300 690 7,435 Recovery Act 4,255 ... 2,190 15 54,089 171 -143 63,308 1,194 ... 7,997 Global War on Terror 16 33,229 26,555 141 Overseas Contingency Ops 862 82,381 2,869 ... 18,726 135,438 270,675 3,848 4,018 666,344 145,545 80,005 Total FY 2009 Dept of Defense ... 26,815 FY 2010 183,855 2,259 3,119 527,922 Base ... 103,182 20,529 135,714 79,264 17 108,316 2,048 8 1,547 162,390 969 16,869 ... 32,632 Overseas Contingency Ops 18 ... Haiti Earthquake 655 655 80,234 2,267 4,666 690,967 Total FY 2010 Dept of Defense ... 152,584 292,826 135,814 22,577 FY 2011 528,234 14,768 1,820 2,349 137,799 Base ... 194,134 75,291 102,074 19 110,219 15,640 1,223 485 158,788 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 29,825 1,396 76,687 1,820 2,834 687,022 131,898 Total FY 2011 Dept of Defense ... 153,439 304,352 15,991 FY 2012 199,213 71,508 1,683 2,695 530,411 11,367 Base ... 141,682 102,263 20 86,776 16,052 526 435 115,083 Overseas Contingency Ops ... 11,293 152,976 118,315 11,367 1,683 3,130 645,494 285,989 72,034 Total FY 2012 Dept of Defense ... Chapter 2 Table 2-1 23

31 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Total Dept of Defense (Continued) FY 2013 134,617 2,445 495,466 Base ... 63,154 8,053 1,479 196,091 89,627 21 12,123 10 81,973 Overseas Contingency Ops 61,523 -9 ... 192 8,134 22 24 113 63 ... Hurricane Sandy 1 24 8,068 Total FY 2013 Dept of Defense ... 2,479 577,552 146,740 257,676 97,763 63,347 1,479 FY 2014 92,163 1,416 2,487 496,285 192,615 136,039 Base ... 63,172 8,392 23 8,018 310 84,929 Overseas Contingency Ops ... 68,792 7,810 24 Iron Dome 225 ... 225 63,483 261,407 2,487 581,439 143,849 Total FY 2014 Dept of Defense ... 8,392 100,405 1,416 FY 2015 93,875 1,127 2,226 497,341 196,335 134,887 Base ... 63,461 5,431 25 8,217 286 49,483 62,983 ... 4,775 Overseas Contingency Ops 221 25 112 Ebola Relief 17 ... 95 63,842 1,127 102,109 2,226 560,436 Total FY 2015 Dept of Defense ... 5,652 245,818 139,662 FY 2016 110,454 68,907 6,927 1,251 1,262 521,350 Base ... 135,396 197,153 26 3,180 242 3 58,942 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 47,154 8,363 69,149 244,307 1,265 580,292 138,576 Total FY 2016 Dept of Defense ... 6,927 118,817 1,251 FY 2017 108,048 1,251 2,071 523,473 197,935 135,626 Base ... 72,067 6,475 27 Overseas Contingency Ops 1,534 420 378 82,490 16,271 ... 3,752 60,135 73,601 Total FY 2017 Dept of Defense ... 1,251 2,449 605,962 139,378 258,070 124,319 6,894 FY 2018 523,728 6,448 1,243 1,501 135,965 199,670 Base ... 71,767 107,134 28 Overseas Contingency Ops 15,998 1,479 432 426 83,431 61,258 ... 3,839 29 716 200 4,686 ... 2,423 Missile Defeat 1,347 74,592 1,243 1,928 611,845 125,556 Total FY 2018 Dept of Defense ... 139,804 261,643 7,080 FY 2019 91,057 8,880 1,583 1,542 617,074 234,232 148,222 Base ... 131,558 30 49,313 1,308 921 15 69,000 12,782 4,661 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 144,341 92,365 9,801 1,583 1,557 686,074 Total FY 2019 Dept of Defense ... 152,883 283,544 Chapter 2 Table 2-1 24

32 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Army FY 2001 28,837 12 75,191 Base ... 6,216 11,849 1,591 1,179 25,507 1 Global War on Terror ... 2 5 26 1,167 ... Other Supplemental 222 865 7 41 6,221 1,205 12 76,358 Total FY 2001 Army ... 1,632 11,856 26,372 29,059 FY 2002 7,037 2,458 1,378 167 85,810 Base ... 32,237 30,966 11,567 3 57 56 213 Global War on Terror ... 107 -7 7,030 31,073 167 86,023 32,237 Total FY 2002 Army ... 2,514 11,624 1,378 FY 2003 35,534 1,362 249 94,406 32,988 14,578 Base ... 2,136 7,559 4 750 12 26,754 ... Global War on Terror 17,418 8,574 15,328 2,136 1,362 249 121,160 7,571 Total FY 2003 Army ... 50,406 44,108 FY 2004 13,770 10,217 1,731 1,330 219 95,930 Base ... 35,814 32,849 5 6 13,775 162 11 54,738 ... Global War on Terror 38,630 2,160 6 47 ... Other Supplemental 47 10,217 1,893 219 49,589 71,526 1,341 Total FY 2004 Army ... 15,930 150,715 FY 2005 10,417 2,698 1,528 101,442 Base ... 36,808 34,652 15,337 7 24,319 39 847 49,246 Global War on Terror ... 13,940 10,101 8 9 1 24 ... Hurricane & Tsunami Relief 15 25,438 10,456 3,554 1,529 150,712 Total FY 2005 Army ... 50,748 58,986 FY 2006 42,397 3,404 1,240 460 104,315 Base ... 11,625 30,665 14,526 9 44,518 68 187 70,259 13,560 ... 11,926 Global War on Terror 10 273 Hurricane Relief 584 1,136 49 ... 230 11 ... Avian Flu Relief 175,710 11,693 4,175 1,240 460 Total FY 2006 Army ... 54,553 75,456 28,135 Chapter 2 Table 2-1 25

33 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Army (Continued) FY 2007 42,403 628 111,119 20,185 Base ... 11,203 28,985 6,465 1,250 12 100 1,256 108,455 28,422 ... 14,276 64,400 Global War on Terror 12 ... Other Supplemental 7,721 1,250 628 219,574 93,385 56,679 Total FY 2007 Army ... 48,607 11,303 FY 2008 12,297 8,344 1,058 5 142,029 Base ... 46,740 37,028 36,557 13 59,381 150 1,868 1,319 108,021 Global War on Terror ... 14,673 30,628 67,186 12,447 1,324 250,050 10,212 61,413 1,058 Total FY 2008 Army ... 96,410 FY 2009 12,162 10,407 1,296 102 143,726 Base ... 52,280 40,092 27,385 14 75 38 2,183 Recovery Act ... 1,839 230 15 989 3,933 -143 44,468 ... Global War on Terror 39,689 16 18,655 11,967 -135 1,326 Overseas Contingency Ops 46,200 443 ... 13,945 43,284 100,276 1,335 545 236,577 67,214 Total FY 2009 Army ... 12,103 11,820 FY 2010 40,562 684 38 138,803 Base ... 19,818 8,360 57,917 11,424 17 12,546 1,167 12 104,907 Overseas Contingency Ops 139 ... 70,799 20,245 18 ... Haiti Earthquake 218 218 11,563 684 50 243,929 Total FY 2010 Army ... 70,462 111,580 40,064 9,527 FY 2011 42,121 5,738 609 136,126 58,366 Base ... 19,638 9,653 19 72,085 16,760 300 981 101,798 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 11,672 36,398 114,205 609 237,924 70,038 Total FY 2011 Army ... 9,954 6,720 FY 2012 135,799 4,107 670 101 19,609 42,171 Base ... 60,811 8,329 20 54,436 Overseas Contingency Ops 19 -155 54 67,446 5,265 ... 7,827 68,638 24,874 3,952 670 155 203,245 96,607 8,348 Total FY 2012 Army ... Chapter 2 Table 2-1 26

34 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Army (Continued) FY 2013 56,029 103 127,655 Base ... 7,879 2,757 44,700 495 15,692 21 8,925 46,451 Overseas Contingency Ops 3,154 -121 ... 29 34,464 22 34 9 ... Hurricane Sandy 1 24 2,661 103 174,140 Total FY 2013 Army ... 64,954 79,173 18,847 7,908 495 FY 2014 56,336 540 220 121,975 41,012 15,134 Base ... 1,679 7,052 23 3,027 31 44,584 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 5,632 35,895 24 Iron Dome ... 7,083 1,679 540 220 166,559 Total FY 2014 Army ... 61,968 76,907 18,161 FY 2015 41,198 430 239 120,040 6,703 56,169 971 14,331 Base ... 25 1,579 36 37 28,282 3,302 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 23,328 25 ... Ebola Relief 6,738 1,008 430 239 59,471 64,526 Total FY 2015 Army ... 15,910 148,322 FY 2016 16,938 7,653 1,105 443 195 124,096 Base ... 55,971 41,789 26 1,964 2 23,940 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 19,454 2,520 7,655 61,243 195 148,035 57,936 Total FY 2016 Army ... 1,105 19,458 443 FY 2017 16,508 483 245 124,022 42,163 55,311 Base ... 8,359 953 27 Overseas Contingency Ops 358 80 34,207 5,248 ... 2,349 26,171 8,717 Total FY 2017 Army ... 483 245 158,228 57,660 68,334 21,756 1,033 FY 2018 123,334 949 480 195 55,582 41,584 Base ... 8,273 16,271 28 Overseas Contingency Ops 4,994 342 80 49 34,115 26,266 ... 2,385 29 884 ... Missile Defeat 21 905 22,148 8,637 244 158,354 57,967 67,850 480 1,029 Total FY 2018 Army ... FY 2019 10,159 1,320 707 159 148,314 60,585 52,529 Base ... 22,856 30 24,963 4,964 325 261 7 33,681 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 3,161 63,746 27,820 1,581 707 165 181,996 77,492 10,484 Total FY 2019 Army ... Chapter 2 Table 2-1 27

35 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Navy FY 2001 26,721 485 93,351 Base ... 27,702 26,285 9,451 1,415 1,292 1 Global War on Terror ... 2 128 Other Supplemental 20 1,639 3 ... 153 1,320 15 1,418 29,022 485 94,990 Total FY 2001 Navy ... 26,874 26,300 9,579 1,312 FY 2002 24,127 1,228 722 101,393 32,584 29,956 Base ... 11,402 1,374 3 -15 2 266 ... Global War on Terror 37 242 24,369 1,376 1,228 722 101,659 Total FY 2002 Navy ... 29,956 32,621 11,387 FY 2003 35,228 1,194 893 112,901 Base ... 1,644 27,191 13,668 33,083 4 -1 48 10,544 7,415 ... Global War on Terror 3,082 13,667 Total FY 2003 Navy ... 1,194 893 123,445 36,165 42,643 27,191 1,692 FY 2004 14,888 1,345 979 1,067 33,366 35,003 Base ... 29,371 116,019 5 6 5,103 617 34 46 6 24 7,669 Global War on Terror ... 1,839 6 94 ... Other Supplemental 94 14,922 29,988 1,091 123,782 38,563 36,842 1,391 Total FY 2004 Navy ... 985 FY 2005 28,430 703 1,498 119,943 34,784 36,741 Base ... 16,696 1,090 7 Global War on Terror 204 140 3,759 10,155 ... 1,907 4,113 32 8 139 9 735 Hurricane & Tsunami Relief 580 ... 7 32,196 1,369 712 1,530 130,833 39,477 38,648 Total FY 2005 Navy ... 16,900 FY 2006 28,635 35,043 688 1,198 122,946 37,158 Base ... 18,834 1,389 9 2,893 5,581 125 16,680 ... Global War on Terror 8,081 10 1,006 2,621 14 419 Hurricane Relief 10 4,343 135 ... 138 11 ... Avian Flu Relief 143,969 18,973 1,808 823 1,208 Total FY 2006 Navy ... 40,189 44,130 36,837 Chapter 2 Table 2-1 28

36 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Navy (Continued) FY 2007 37,844 1,151 126,572 29,677 Base ... 36,334 19,034 1,894 637 12 Global War on Terror 371 5 24,566 530 ... 2,992 10,310 10,358 12 Other Supplemental ... 2,265 637 1,156 151,138 46,644 40,836 Total FY 2007 Navy ... 40,035 19,564 FY 2008 18,101 2,900 665 1,386 141,694 Base ... 39,702 39,907 39,033 13 10,813 337 476 12 256 23,176 Global War on Terror ... 2,962 8,320 47,352 18,439 1,642 164,869 3,376 42,664 676 Total FY 2008 Navy ... 50,720 FY 2009 19,707 4,367 756 1,668 149,245 Base ... 41,498 42,529 38,719 14 75 1,221 Recovery Act ... 866 280 15 6,323 130 102 7,084 ... Global War on Terror 529 16 2,420 2,728 Overseas Contingency Ops 236 8,525 -80 ... 3,221 41,976 52,138 756 1,668 166,075 44,849 19,803 Total FY 2009 Navy ... 4,883 FY 2010 41,674 515 1,668 155,307 Base ... 43,197 4,324 44,183 19,745 17 2,532 204 20,926 Overseas Contingency Ops 193 ... 4,733 13,265 18 ... Haiti Earthquake 218 218 19,938 46,715 515 1,871 176,451 Total FY 2010 Navy ... 55,157 47,930 4,324 FY 2011 155,978 3,791 552 1,475 45,198 Base ... 45,165 17,643 42,155 19 13,377 2,162 20,459 ... 4,630 Overseas Contingency Ops 289 46,785 17,931 1,475 176,436 47,360 552 3,791 58,542 Total FY 2011 Navy ... FY 2012 17,604 2,243 469 1,070 157,917 45,740 47,064 Base ... 43,728 20 11,167 54 190 15,693 2,309 1,974 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 46,037 17,658 2,433 469 1,070 173,611 Total FY 2012 Navy ... 47,714 58,230 Chapter 2 Table 2-1 29

37 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Navy (Continued) FY 2013 43,885 697 149,892 Base ... 15,126 49,152 1,572 424 39,036 21 2,298 12,058 Overseas Contingency Ops 1,097 143 ... 48 8,472 22 ... Hurricane Sandy 40 24 64 1,714 46,183 721 162,013 Total FY 2013 Navy ... 57,664 40,133 15,174 424 FY 2014 44,600 453 573 147,514 43,613 41,490 Base ... 1,791 14,994 23 732 34 14,421 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 1,393 12,262 24 Iron Dome ... 15,029 1,791 453 573 161,936 Total FY 2014 Navy ... 45,993 55,875 42,222 FY 2015 45,248 370 485 149,433 15,827 45,101 1,249 41,152 Base ... 25 654 37 10,398 717 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 8,991 25 ... Ebola Relief 15,865 1,249 370 485 45,818 54,238 Total FY 2015 Navy ... 41,806 159,831 FY 2016 47,230 17,898 1,924 362 474 159,601 Base ... 45,399 46,315 26 438 36 9,517 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 8,638 405 17,934 54,953 474 169,118 45,837 Total FY 2016 Navy ... 1,924 47,635 362 FY 2017 48,293 395 511 157,170 43,520 45,744 Base ... 17,175 1,531 27 1,632 327 131 14,446 11,868 ... 488 Overseas Contingency Ops 17,502 Total FY 2017 Navy ... 395 511 171,615 46,233 55,387 49,925 1,662 FY 2018 45,063 1,518 392 157,858 45,690 Base ... 48,102 17,092 28 11,834 1,571 327 131 14,401 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 539 29 674 ... Missile Defeat 60 734 49,673 17,479 172,992 46,229 57,570 392 1,649 Total FY 2018 Navy ... FY 2019 18,482 2,738 419 186,674 49,674 57,464 Base ... 57,897 30 5,908 586 168 227 7,397 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 508 50,182 58,483 2,965 419 194,071 63,372 18,649 Total FY 2019 Navy ... Chapter 2 Table 2-1 30

38 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Air Force FY 2001 20,816 12 86,680 Base ... 14,020 1,386 21,019 1,070 28,357 1 1,165 1,165 ... Global War on Terror 2 ... 24 14 1,295 Other Supplemental 140 971 -130 277 14,297 1,084 12 89,140 Total FY 2001 Air Force ... 1,410 22,054 29,328 20,956 FY 2002 14,545 1,759 1,374 34 98,963 Base ... 24,531 34,323 22,397 3 41 -26 47 1,100 Global War on Terror ... 206 832 14,519 34,364 34 100,063 24,737 Total FY 2002 Air Force ... 1,806 23,229 1,374 FY 2003 25,317 1,534 24 110,130 34,367 28,880 Base ... 1,496 18,513 4 2,500 312 138 2 15,202 ... 3,363 Global War on Terror 8,887 31,380 1,634 1,536 24 125,332 18,825 Total FY 2003 Air Force ... 43,254 28,680 FY 2004 28,836 20,251 1,538 1,434 111,270 Base ... 26,231 32,981 5 6 3,450 39 293 7 13,513 ... Global War on Terror 6,102 3,622 6 2 ... Other Supplemental 172 169 20,290 1,831 Total FY 2004 Air Force ... 29,681 1,441 32,460 39,252 124,955 FY 2005 20,408 1,358 1,669 118,349 Base ... 28,744 33,925 32,244 7 5,627 143 141 10,381 Global War on Terror ... 1,600 2,870 8 3 11 214 ... Hurricane & Tsunami Relief 200 35,117 20,551 1,499 1,680 128,944 Total FY 2005 Air Force ... 30,344 39,752 FY 2006 29,548 1,964 1,761 212 126,938 Base ... 21,813 38,035 33,603 9 8,121 395 28 12,449 2,235 ... 1,670 Global War on Terror 10 553 151 Hurricane Relief 191 325 1,411 12 ... 180 11 ... Avian Flu Relief 140,798 22,220 2,183 2,086 212 Total FY 2006 Air Force ... 31,398 46,709 35,989 Chapter 2 Table 2-1 31

39 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Air Force (Continued) FY 2007 30,163 44 128,807 Base ... 38,584 24,342 2,285 1,900 31,490 12 1,626 19,491 Global War on Terror 7,945 43 ... 224 9,653 12 ... Other Supplemental 2,328 48,237 44 148,298 Total FY 2007 Air Force ... 31,789 39,435 24,566 1,900 FY 2008 35,136 1,001 60 136,600 40,957 30,677 Base ... 26,261 2,507 13 8,679 368 582 548 22,948 ... Global War on Terror 1,503 11,268 43,816 3,089 1,001 608 159,548 Total FY 2008 Air Force ... 32,180 52,225 26,630 FY 2009 44,353 990 61 142,086 26,305 31,847 35,938 2,591 Base ... 14 230 97 Recovery Act 1,537 ... 1,135 75 15 4,140 36 5,909 Global War on Terror 75 ... 1,658 16 13,916 -127 282 15 1,561 ... 5,601 Overseas Contingency Ops 6,585 44,182 26,289 3,102 1,087 76 163,448 Total FY 2009 Air Force ... 33,482 55,229 FY 2010 33,614 2,317 569 64 142,360 Base ... 27,700 42,267 35,830 17 13,560 881 8 863 21,906 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 247 4,556 1,792 18 218 218 ... Haiti Earthquake 27,947 3,198 Total FY 2010 Air Force ... 927 164,485 35,406 56,045 40,386 577 FY 2011 26,982 1,416 591 67 45,820 34,235 Base ... 36,277 145,386 19 13,538 5,512 Overseas Contingency Ops 195 17 21,566 499 ... 1,805 41,789 59,357 591 84 166,953 36,040 Total FY 2011 Air Force ... 27,481 1,611 FY 2012 146,295 1,468 490 65 35,131 47,007 Base ... 26,113 36,020 20 Overseas Contingency Ops 4,472 260 -35 12 16,797 10,595 ... 1,493 36,624 40,492 1,433 490 77 163,091 57,602 26,373 Total FY 2012 Air Force ... Chapter 2 Table 2-1 32

40 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E O&M Procurement Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Air Force (Continued) FY 2013 34,704 45 131,408 Base ... 22,766 482 42,550 520 30,341 21 900 10 13,001 Overseas Contingency Ops 9,508 -30 ... 3 2,611 22 Hurricane Sandy 14 14 ... 451 55 144,423 Total FY 2013 Air Force ... 35,604 52,072 32,951 22,769 520 FY 2014 35,103 465 150 135,120 43,196 Base ... 31,259 1,291 23,655 23 3,131 16,877 Overseas Contingency Ops ... 784 12,795 167 24 ... Iron Dome 465 150 151,997 35,888 34,390 23,822 Total FY 2014 Air Force ... 1,291 55,992 FY 2015 33,617 328 67 137,134 23,568 Base ... 33,914 1,045 44,596 25 4,484 10,531 133 15,919 Overseas Contingency Ops ... 756 15 25 Ebola Relief ... 153,053 1,178 328 67 34,373 55,127 Total FY 2015 Air Force ... 23,582 38,398 FY 2016 40,939 24,458 1,654 492 63 146,075 Base ... 34,026 44,442 26 778 17 3 16,380 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 11,336 4,247 24,476 55,778 65 162,455 34,803 Total FY 2016 Air Force ... 1,654 45,186 492 FY 2017 38,102 336 64 148,320 45,920 34,570 Base ... 27,339 1,989 27 7,604 387 203 21,968 12,859 ... 915 Overseas Contingency Ops 27,726 Total FY 2017 Air Force ... 336 64 170,288 35,485 58,779 45,706 2,193 FY 2018 147,901 1,976 334 64 34,693 45,406 Base ... 27,577 37,853 28 12,767 7,502 365 216 21,764 915 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 29 19 575 ... 300 Missile Defeat 256 45,654 28,198 64 170,239 35,607 334 2,191 58,191 Total FY 2018 Air Force ... FY 2019 40,178 1,958 396 69 176,491 37,963 52,045 Base ... 43,881 30 9,362 314 346 9 17,682 6,660 991 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 50,541 40,493 2,304 396 78 194,173 Total FY 2019 Air Force ... 38,954 61,407 Chapter 2 Table 2-1 33

41 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Defense-Wide FY 2001 16,685 32,196 Base ... 2,475 968 11,421 81 566 1 21,769 21,769 ... Global War on Terror 2 77 -5 1,739 Other Supplemental ... 1,568 -79 178 11,498 81 55,704 Total FY 2001 Defense-Wide ... 963 2,396 40,022 744 FY 2002 935 69 Base ... 42,018 20,089 3,456 15,748 1,721 3 34 15,291 Global War on Terror 15,194 ... 63 935 3,519 57,309 35,283 Total FY 2002 Defense-Wide ... 69 15,782 1,721 FY 2003 17,554 2,176 47,482 22,348 4,107 Base ... 1,207 91 4 486 20,036 ... Global War on Terror 484 19,065 18,040 91 2,176 67,518 Total FY 2003 Defense-Wide ... 1,207 4,591 41,413 FY 2004 18,951 1,023 58 1,300 53,297 Base ... 27,788 4,176 5 6 11,998 2,078 14,855 ... Global War on Terror 519 261 6 ... Other Supplemental 58 3,378 68,152 4,695 Total FY 2004 Defense-Wide ... 19,212 1,023 39,786 FY 2005 838 175 762 60,340 Base ... 34,830 3,076 20,658 7 646 1,511 5,859 Global War on Terror ... 3,449 254 8 2,077 6 4 2,227 ... Hurricane & Tsunami Relief 140 20,918 838 175 2,277 68,426 Total FY 2005 Defense-Wide ... 40,356 3,862 FY 2006 33,444 276 -1,281 56,371 Base ... 1,298 2,868 19,765 9 11,634 21 3,033 16,374 174 ... 1,513 Global War on Terror 10 29 29 45 Hurricane Relief 1,133 56 ... 974 11 130 130 ... Avian Flu Relief 19,968 1,364 276 1,808 74,008 Total FY 2006 Defense-Wide ... 46,182 4,410 Chapter 2 Table 2-1 34

42 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Defense-Wide (Continued) FY 2007 64,997 41,710 21,314 -1,490 235 456 2,771 Base ... 12 Global War on Terror 13,760 1,116 ... 9,252 2,741 652 12 Other Supplemental 3,137 3,137 ... 235 1,572 Total FY 2007 Defense-Wide ... 50,962 5,512 21,966 1,647 81,894 FY 2008 4,081 108 951 Base ... 43,886 -11,616 21,300 58,709 13 753 1,307 575 32,763 Global War on Terror 11,888 ... 18,241 22,052 5,387 91,472 6,625 55,773 1,526 Total FY 2008 Defense-Wide ... 108 FY 2009 4,534 115 1,324 78,163 Base ... 52,126 -1,155 21,218 14 75 555 2,495 Recovery Act 415 ... 1,450 15 3,937 33 5,847 ... Global War on Terror 1,877 16 5,274 Overseas Contingency Ops 1,025 404 13,740 483 ... 6,554 21,810 5,997 1,728 100,245 63,032 Total FY 2009 Defense-Wide ... 7,009 670 FY 2010 4,338 1,348 91,452 20,395 Base ... 491 59,352 5,528 17 391 469 14,650 10,692 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 3,098 18 Haiti Earthquake ... 5,528 7,435 1,818 106,102 Total FY 2010 Defense-Wide ... 70,044 20,786 491 FY 2011 4,003 68 807 90,744 61,029 Base ... 21,014 3,823 19 2,922 308 47 468 14,965 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 11,219 21,322 6,926 1,275 105,709 72,248 Total FY 2011 Defense-Wide ... 3,870 68 FY 2012 2,906 54 1,459 90,400 62,971 Base ... 19,462 3,548 20 Overseas Contingency Ops 194 369 15,147 4,006 ... 10,578 73,549 19,656 54 1,828 105,547 6,912 3,548 Total FY 2012 Defense-Wide ... Chapter 2 Table 2-1 35

43 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Dollars in Millions) Military Revolving Military Family RDT&E Procurement O&M Total Personnel Construction Funds & Other Housing Defense-Wide (Continued) FY 2013 59,689 86,512 4,558 Base ... 3,242 41 1,600 17,382 21 10,463 112 9,078 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 1,273 22 ... Hurricane Sandy 41 17,495 96,976 Total FY 2013 Defense-Wide ... 68,767 5,832 3,242 1,600 FY 2014 64,794 1,544 91,676 17,471 4,279 Base ... -42 3,631 23 78 1,129 ... 7,839 Overseas Contingency Ops 9,046 24 Iron Dome 225 ... 225 3,631 5,633 100,947 72,632 Total FY 2014 Defense-Wide ... -42 17,549 1,544 FY 2015 65,292 1,435 90,734 17,363 4,478 Base ... -1 2,166 25 199 51 1,500 ... 6,634 Overseas Contingency Ops 8,384 25 112 Ebola Relief 17 ... 95 2,217 -1 1,435 99,230 Total FY 2015 Defense-Wide ... 17,657 5,996 71,926 FY 2016 18,897 2,244 -46 530 91,578 Base ... 64,607 5,347 26 7,726 9,105 ... Overseas Contingency Ops 1,191 188 2,244 6,539 100,684 72,333 Total FY 2016 Defense-Wide ... -46 19,085 530 FY 2017 66,333 1,251 93,961 19,193 5,145 Base ... 37 2,002 27 Overseas Contingency Ops 5 378 11,869 463 ... 9,238 1,786 2,007 Total FY 2017 Defense-Wide ... 1,629 105,831 75,571 6,931 19,655 37 FY 2018 4,909 37 1,243 94,635 67,617 Base ... 18,824 2,005 28 Overseas Contingency Ops 445 5 378 13,151 1,932 ... 10,392 29 24 200 2,473 ... Missile Defeat 1,239 1,010 20,279 2,210 110,260 78,033 Total FY 2018 Defense-Wide ... 1,620 37 8,080 FY 2019 2,864 61 1,314 105,595 72,193 6,925 Base ... 22,238 30 572 501 87 10,239 Overseas Contingency Ops ... 9,080 81,273 22,738 61 1,314 115,835 7,497 2,951 Total FY 2019 Defense-Wide ... Chapter 2 Table 2-1 36

44 Table 2-1: BASE BUDGET, WAR FUNDING AND SUPPLEMENTALS (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT, BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE Endnotes 1. Public Law 107-38 (2001 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery From and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States). 2. Public Laws 106-554 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2001) and 107-20 (Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2001). 3. Public Laws 107-117 (Dept of Defense and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States Act, 2002), 107-206 (2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act for Further Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States), and 107-38. 4. Public Laws 108-7 (Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003) and 108-11 (Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2003). 5. $25B appropriated in FY 2004 (PL 108-287: Title IX Bridge) was for FY 2005 war-related costs. 6. Public Law 108-106 (Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense and for the Reconstruction of Iraq and Afghanistan, 2004). 7. Public Law 109-13 (Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005). 8. Public Laws 109-13, 108-324 (Military Construction Appropriations and Emergency Hurricane Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2005), 109-61 (Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act to Meet Immediate Needs Arising From the Consequences of Hurricane Katrina, 2005), and 109-62 (Second Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act to Meet Immediate Needs Arising From the Consequences of Hurricane Katrina, 2005). 9. Public Laws 109-148 (Dept of Defense, Emergency Supplemental Appropriations to Address Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico, and Pandemic Influenza Act, 2006) and 109-234 (Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane Recovery, 2006). 10. Public Laws 109-148 and 109-234. 11. Public Law 109-148. 12. Public Laws 109-289 (Dept of Defense Appropriations Act, 2007) and 110-28 (U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007). 13. Public Laws 110-116 (Dept of Defense Appropriations Act, 2008), 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008), 110-252 (Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008), and 110-92 (Joint Resolution). 14. Public Law 111-05 (The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009). 15. Public Law 110-252 (Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008). 16. Public Law 111-032 (Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009). 17. Public Laws 111-117 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010), 111-118 (Dept of Defense Appropriations Act, 2010), and 111-212 (Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010). 18. Public Law 111-212. 19. Public Law 112–10 (Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011). 20. Public Law 112-74 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012). 21. Public Law 113-6 (Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013). These figures include sequestration of funding pursuant to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act as amended. 22. Public Law 113-2 (Disaster Relief Appropriations). 23. Public Law 113-76 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014). 24. Public Law 113-145 (Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Resolution, 2014). 25. Public Law 113-235 (Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015). 26. Public Law 114-113 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016). 27. Public Law 115-31 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2017). 28. Public Law 115-96 (Further Additional Continuing Appropriations Act, 2018). 29. Public Law 115-96, Division B (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 30. Overseas Contingency Operations request proposed as part of the FY 2019 President's Budget submission. Includes a technical amendment moving $20 billion OCO funding to base funding. Chapter 2 Table 2-1 37

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46 Chapter 3: Legislative Authorization authorization DoD 2019 FY the between reconciliation request, legislation Authorization to agency an for provides the authority and 3-2 Table TOA. budget authority, request, appropriation annual, out a carry a . This legislation may particular activity be for strength for data authorization end personnel military presents National Defense number of . indefinite or years, Most specified FY 2017 through FY 2019. require annual authorization . Table 3-1 provides a activities Tables Page FY 2019 Defense Budget – Reconciliation of Authorization, Appropriation, BA and TOA... 3-1 40 47 Military Personnel Authorizations (FY 2017 to FY 2019)... 3-2 Chapter 3 Introduction 39

47 Table 3-1: FY 2019 DEFENSE BUDGET - RECONCILIATION OF AUTHORIZATION, APPROPRIATION, BA AND TOA (Dollars in Thousands) Base Funding Overseas Contingency Operations* Total Obligational Authorization Authorization Appropriation Appn Request, Budget Authority BA & TOA Authority Request Request Request Department of Defense 149,333,301 140,689,301 140,689,301 140,689,301 Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 4,660,661 4,660,661 49,312,530 234,315,626 235,240,424 234,359,538 234,359,538 Operation and Maintenance ... 49,312,530 12,782,468 12,782,468 Procurement ... 131,558,437 131,558,437 131,762,059 131,756,437 1,307,731 RDT&E ... 91,056,950 91,056,950 91,326,678 91,056,950 1,307,731 1,542,115 15,190 1,542,115 1,542,115 1,542,115 Revolving and Management Funds ... 15,190 599,360,429 68,078,580 68,078,580 Department Of Defense (No MERHFC) ... 599,206,341 599,206,341 609,204,577 Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution ... 7,533,090 7,533,090 7,533,090 606,893,519 68,078,580 68,078,580 Department Of Defense Plus MERHFC ... 599,206,341 606,739,431 616,737,667 8,879,985 8,879,985 7,868,273 Military Construction ... 921,420 8,879,985 921,420 1,582,632 1,582,632 278,775 Family Housing ... 1,582,632 10,462,617 921,420 921,420 Military Construction ... 8,147,048 10,462,617 10,462,617 Offsetting Receipts and Other ... -1,133,951 617,356,136 69,000,000 69,000,000 617,202,048 607,353,389 Total Department of Defense ... 626,066,333 Department of Defense Reconciliation Authorization Request ... 607,353,389 69,000,000 1 +7,533,090 Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution ... 2 +2,311,830 Milcon/Fam Hsg Program Requiring Auth of Appn ... Milcon/Fam Hsg Funding for Previously Authorized 2 +1,035,189 Projects ... 2 -1,031,450 ... Milcon/Fam Hsg Authorized Projects Using Future Appns Subtotal ... 617,202,048 69,000,000 617,202,048 Appropriation Request ... 3 +8,644,000 Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund ... 4 +1,008,886 ... Operation and Maintenance Accounts (less DHP) 5 -128,000 Defense Health Program ... 4 +203,622 ... Procurement Accounts 4 +269,728 ... RDT&E Accounts 6 -1,133,951 ... Receipts, Trust Funds and Interfund Transactions 626,066,333 Subtotal ... Budget Authority ... 69,000,000 626,066,333 3 -8,644,000 ... Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund 4 -1,052,798 ... Operation and Maintenance Accounts (less DHP) 5 +128,000 Defense Health Program ... 4 -5,622 ... Procurement Accounts 4 -269,728 RDT&E Accounts ... 6 +1,133,951 ... Receipts, Trust Funds and Interfund Transactions Subtotal ... 617,356,136 617,356,136 Total Obligational Authority ... 69,000,000 * For Overseas Contingency Operations, the appropriation request, budget authority, and total obligational authority are the same. Chapter 3 Table 3-1 40

48 Table 3-1: FY 2019 DEFENSE BUDGET - RECONCILIATION OF AUTHORIZATION, APPROPRIATION, BA AND TOA (Continued) (Dollars in Thousands) Base Funding Overseas Contingency Operations* Appropriation Account Authorization Authorization Total Obligational Appn Request, Appropriation Budget Authority Request Request Authority Request BA & TOA Military Personnel 2,929,154 2,929,154 43,670,542 43,670,542 43,670,542 Military Personnel, Army ... MERHFC, Army ... 2,141,855 2,141,855 2,141,855 385,461 30,426,211 30,426,211 30,426,211 Military Personnel, Navy ... 385,461 1,465,879 1,465,879 1,465,879 MERHFC, Navy ... 109,232 Military Personnel, Marine Corps ... 13,890,968 13,890,968 109,232 13,890,968 830,962 830,962 830,962 MERHFC, Marine Corps ... 964,508 Military Personnel, Air Force ... 30,526,011 30,526,011 30,526,011 964,508 1,448,912 MERHFC, Air Force ... 1,448,912 1,448,912 37,007 4,955,947 4,955,947 37,007 Reserve Personnel, Army ... 4,955,947 386,853 386,853 386,853 MERHFC, Army Reserve ... 2,067,521 11,100 2,067,521 11,100 Reserve Personnel, Navy ... 2,067,521 130,504 130,504 MERHFC, Navy Reserve ... 130,504 2,380 Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps ... 788,090 788,090 788,090 2,380 MERHFC, Marine Corps Reserve ... 73,987 73,987 73,987 21,076 1,894,286 1,894,286 1,894,286 21,076 Reserve Personnel, Air Force ... MERHFC, Air Force Reserve ... 132,578 132,578 132,578 195,283 8,744,345 8,744,345 8,744,345 National Guard Personnel, Army ... 195,283 685,463 685,463 685,463 MERHFC, Army National Guard ... 3,725,380 5,460 5,460 3,725,380 3,725,380 National Guard Personnel, Air Force ... 236,097 236,097 236,097 MERHFC, Air National Guard ... 8,644,000 Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund ... 4,660,661 Total Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 140,689,301 140,689,301 149,333,301 140,689,301 4,660,661 Total Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contr ... 7,533,090 7,533,090 7,533,090 4,660,661 4,660,661 Total Military Personnel Plus MERHFC ... 140,689,301 148,222,391 156,866,391 148,222,391 Military Personnel Reconciliation 140,689,301 4,660,661 Authorization Request ... 1 +7,533,090 ... Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution Subtotal ... 148,222,391 Appropriation Request ... 148,222,391 4,660,661 3 +8,644,000 ... Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund Subtotal ... 156,866,391 4,660,661 Budget Authority ... 156,866,391 3 -8,644,000 Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund ... 148,222,391 Subtotal ... 4,660,661 148,222,391 Total Obligational Authority ... * For Overseas Contingency Operations, the appropriation request, budget authority, and total obligational authority are the same. Chapter 3 Table 3-1 41

49 Table 3-1: FY 2019 DEFENSE BUDGET - RECONCILIATION OF AUTHORIZATION, APPROPRIATION, BA AND TOA (Continued) (Dollars in Thousands) Base Funding Overseas Contingency Operations* Appropriation Account Total Obligational Appn Request, Auth Request Auth Request Appn Request Budget Authority BA & TOA Authority Operation and Maintenance 42,009,317 Operation and Maintenance, Army ... 42,009,317 18,210,500 18,210,500 42,009,317 42,016,425 4,757,155 49,003,633 49,012,269 49,003,633 49,003,633 Operation and Maintenance, Navy ... 4,757,155 1,121,900 Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps ... 1,121,900 6,832,510 6,835,010 6,832,510 6,832,510 42,060,568 42,060,568 Operation and Maintenance, Air Force ... 42,060,568 9,285,789 9,285,789 42,067,507 Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide ... 36,352,625 36,352,625 36,367,898 36,352,625 8,549,908 8,549,908 24,692 Office of the Inspector General ... 329,273 329,273 329,273 329,273 24,692 41,887 2,916,909 2,916,909 2,916,909 2,916,909 Operation and Maintenance, Army Reserve ... 41,887 25,637 Operation and Maintenance, Navy Reserve ... 1,027,006 1,027,006 1,027,006 1,027,006 25,637 271,570 3,345 Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps Reserve ... 271,570 271,570 271,570 3,345 60,500 3,260,234 3,260,234 3,260,234 Operation and Maintenance, Air Force Reserve ... 60,500 3,260,234 110,729 Operation and Maintenance, Army National Guard ... 110,729 7,399,295 7,399,295 7,399,295 7,399,295 Operation and Maintenance, Air National Guard ... 6,427,622 6,427,622 6,427,622 6,427,622 15,870 15,870 14,662 14,662 14,662 United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces ... 14,662 787,525 153,100 Drug Interdiction and Counter-drug Activities, Defense ... 787,525 787,525 787,525 153,100 352,068 352,068 33,601,192 33,729,192 33,729,192 Defense Health Program ... 33,729,192 203,449 Environmental Restoration, Army ... 203,449 203,449 203,449 329,253 329,253 8,926 8,926 Environmental Restoration, Navy ... Environmental Restoration, Air Force ... 296,808 296,808 296,808 296,808 329,253 8,926 8,926 Environmental Restoration, Defense-Wide ... 329,253 Env Rest, Formerly Used Sites ... 212,346 212,346 212,346 212,346 Overseas Humanitarian Assistance ... 107,663 107,663 107,663 107,663 335,240 335,240 335,240 Cooperative Threat Reduction ... 335,240 5,199,450 5,199,450 Afghanistan Security Forces Fund ... 1,400,000 Counter-Islamic State of Iraq and Levant Train and Equip ... 1,400,000 400,000 400,000 400,000 Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund ... 400,000 Allied Contributions and Cooperation Acct ... 696,000 2,430 Miscellaneous Special Funds ... Disposal of Real Property ... 7,680 7,680 7,680 36,232 36,232 Lease of Real Property ... 36,232 270,000 Mutually Beneficial Activities ... 234,315,626 235,240,424 234,359,538 234,359,538 49,312,530 Total Operation and Maintenance ... 49,312,530 Operation and Maintenance Reconciliation Authorization Request ... 234,359,538 49,312,530 Appropriation Request ... 234,359,538 49,312,530 4 +1,008,886 Operation and Maintenance Accounts (less DHP) ... 5 -128,000 Defense Health Program ... Subtotal ... 235,240,424 Budget Authority ... 235,240,424 49,312,530 4 -1,052,798 Operation and Maintenance Accounts (less DHP) ... 6 +128,000 Defense Health Program ... Subtotal ... 234,315,626 234,315,626 49,312,530 Total Obligational Authority ... * For Overseas Contingency Operations, the appropriation request, budget authority, and total obligational authority are the same. Chapter 3 Table 3-1 42

50 Table 3-1: FY 2019 DEFENSE BUDGET - RECONCILIATION OF AUTHORIZATION, APPROPRIATION, BA AND TOA (Continued) (Dollars in Thousands) Base Funding Overseas Contingency Operations* Appropriation Account Authorization Authorization Total Obligational Appn Request, Appropriation Budget Authority Request Request Authority Request BA & TOA Procurement 4,964,469 4,964,469 22,855,559 22,937,726 22,855,559 22,855,559 Army ... 363,363 Aircraft Procurement, Army ... 363,363 3,782,558 3,849,821 3,782,558 3,782,558 3,355,777 3,355,777 Missile Procurement, Army ... 3,355,777 1,802,351 1,802,351 3,355,777 Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Vehicles ... 4,489,118 4,489,118 4,489,118 4,489,118 1,107,183 1,107,183 309,525 Procurement of Ammunition, Army ... 2,234,761 2,234,761 2,234,761 2,234,761 309,525 1,382,047 7,999,529 8,014,433 7,999,529 7,999,529 Other Procurement, Army ... 1,382,047 Chemical Agents & Munitions Destruction ... 993,816 993,816 993,816 993,816 585,990 57,896,603 Navy ... 57,896,603 57,999,010 58,094,603 585,990 80,119 19,069,431 19,041,799 19,041,799 Aircraft Procurement, Navy ... 80,119 19,041,799 14,134 Weapons Procurement, Navy ... 14,134 3,702,393 3,702,393 3,702,393 3,702,393 Procurement of Ammunition, Navy & MC ... 1,006,209 1,006,209 1,006,209 1,006,209 246,541 246,541 21,871,437 21,871,437 21,871,437 Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy ... 22,069,437 9,414,355 187,173 Other Procurement, Navy ... 9,414,355 9,414,355 9,443,306 187,173 58,023 58,023 2,906,234 2,860,410 2,860,410 Procurement, Marine Corps ... 2,860,410 43,881,401 7,232,009 7,232,009 Air Force ... 43,881,401 43,881,401 43,900,449 16,206,937 16,215,867 16,206,937 16,206,937 Aircraft Procurement, Air Force ... 1,018,888 1,018,888 493,526 2,669,454 2,669,454 2,669,454 Missile Procurement, Air Force ... 493,526 2,669,454 1,421,516 Space Procurement, Air Force ... 1,421,516 2,527,542 2,527,542 2,527,542 2,527,542 Procurement of Ammunition, Air Force ... 1,587,304 1,587,304 1,587,304 1,587,304 3,725,944 3,725,944 572,135 Other Procurement, Air Force ... 20,890,164 20,890,164 20,900,282 20,890,164 572,135 6,924,874 Defense-Wide ... 6,924,874 6,924,874 6,924,874 6,786,271 Procurement, Defense-Wide ... 6,786,271 6,786,271 6,786,271 Defense Production Act Purchases ... 38,578 38,578 38,578 38,578 100,025 Joint Urgent Operational Needs ... 100,025 100,025 100,025 131,756,437 131,762,059 131,558,437 131,558,437 Total Procurement ... 12,782,468 12,782,468 Procurement Reconciliation 12,782,468 Authorization Request ... 131,558,437 Appropriation Request ... 131,558,437 12,782,468 4 +203,622 ... Procurement Accounts 131,762,059 Subtotal ... 131,762,059 12,782,468 Budget Authority ... 4 -5,622 Procurement Accounts ... Subtotal ... 131,756,437 12,782,468 131,756,437 Total Obligational Authority ... * For Overseas Contingency Operations, the appropriation request, budget authority, and total obligational authority are the same. Chapter 3 Table 3-1 43

51 Table 3-1: FY 2019 DEFENSE BUDGET - RECONCILIATION OF AUTHORIZATION, APPROPRIATION, BA AND TOA (Continued) (Dollars in Thousands) Base Funding Overseas Contingency Operations* Appropriation Account Authorization Authorization Total Obligational Appn Request, Appropriation Budget Authority Request Request Authority Request BA & TOA RDT&E 325,104 325,104 10,159,379 10,159,379 10,159,379 10,159,379 RDT&E, Army ... 167,812 RDT&E, Navy ... 167,812 18,481,666 18,599,708 18,481,666 18,481,666 40,178,343 40,178,343 RDT&E, Air Force ... 40,178,343 314,271 314,271 40,259,131 500,544 22,016,553 22,016,553 22,087,451 22,016,553 RDT&E, Defense-Wide ... 500,544 221,009 221,009 221,009 221,009 Operational Test and Evaluation ... Total RDT&E ... 91,056,950 91,056,950 91,326,678 91,056,950 1,307,731 1,307,731 RDT&E Reconciliation 1,307,731 Authorization Request ... 91,056,950 91,056,950 Appropriation Request ... 1,307,731 4 +269,728 ... RDT&E Accounts 91,326,678 Subtotal ... Budget Authority ... 91,326,678 1,307,731 4 -269,728 RDT&E Accounts ... 91,056,950 Subtotal ... 91,056,950 1,307,731 Total Obligational Authority ... Military Construction 1,011,768 261,250 261,250 Military Construction, Army ... 724,700 1,011,768 1,011,768 227,320 227,320 2,543,189 2,543,189 2,329,068 Military Construction, Navy & MC ... 2,543,189 1,725,707 345,800 345,800 Military Construction, Air Force ... 1,301,630 1,725,707 1,725,707 2,693,324 2,693,324 2,693,324 2,689,103 Military Construction, Defense-Wide ... 87,050 87,050 171,064 171,064 171,064 NATO Security Investment ... 171,064 180,122 180,122 145,400 180,122 Military Construction, Army National Guard ... 129,126 129,126 87,000 Military Construction, Air National Guard ... 129,126 Military Construction, Army Reserve ... 57,000 64,919 64,919 64,919 43,065 Military Construction, Navy Reserve ... 53,020 43,065 43,065 Military Construction, Air Force Reserve ... 42,750 50,163 50,163 50,163 62,796 62,796 62,796 Base Realign & Closure, Army ... 62,796 151,839 Base Realign & Closure, Navy ... 151,839 151,839 151,839 52,903 52,903 52,903 52,903 Base Realign & Closure, Air Force ... 921,420 7,868,273 921,420 8,879,985 8,879,985 8,879,985 Total Military Construction ... Military Construction Reconciliation 7,868,273 921,420 Authorization Request ... 2 +1,011,712 ... Military Construction Accounts 8,879,985 Subtotal ... Appropriation Request ... 8,879,985 921,420 Budget Authority ... 921,420 8,879,985 921,420 8,879,985 Total Obligational Authority ... * For Overseas Contingency Operations, the appropriation request, budget authority, and total obligational authority are the same. Chapter 3 Table 3-1 44

52 Table 3-1: FY 2019 DEFENSE BUDGET - RECONCILIATION OF AUTHORIZATION, APPROPRIATION, BA AND TOA (Continued) (Dollars in Thousands) Base Funding Overseas Contingency Operations* Appropriation Account Authorization Authorization Total Obligational Appn Request, Appropriation Budget Authority Request Request Authority Request BA & TOA Family Housing 195,334 Family Housing Construction, Army ... 330,660 330,660 330,660 376,509 376,509 376,509 Family Housing O&M, Army ... 83,441 104,581 104,581 104,581 Family Housing Construction, Navy & MC ... 314,536 314,536 Family Housing O&M, Navy & MC ... 314,536 78,446 78,446 78,446 Family Housing Construction, Air Force ... 317,274 317,274 317,274 Family Housing O&M, Air Force ... Family Housing O&M, Defense-Wide ... 58,373 58,373 58,373 1,653 1,653 Family Housing Improvement Fund ... 1,653 Military Unaccompanied Housing Improvement Fund ... 600 600 600 1,582,632 Total Family Housing ... 1,582,632 278,775 1,582,632 Family Housing Reconciliation 278,775 Authorization Request ... 2 +1,303,857 ... Family Housing Accounts 1,582,632 Subtotal ... 1,582,632 Appropriation Request ... 1,582,632 Budget Authority ... Total Obligational Authority ... 1,582,632 Revolving and Management Funds 158,765 6,600 6,600 158,765 158,765 158,765 Working Capital Fund, Army ... 8,590 8,590 Working Capital Fund, Air Force ... 69,054 69,054 69,054 69,054 48,096 Working Capital Fund, Defense-Wide ... 48,096 48,096 48,096 Working Capital Fund, DECA ... 1,266,200 1,266,200 1,266,200 1,266,200 National Defense Sealift Fund ... 1,542,115 15,190 15,190 Total Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,542,115 1,542,115 1,542,115 Revolving and Mgmt Funds Reconciliation Authorization Request ... 1,542,115 15,190 Appropriation Request ... 15,190 1,542,115 1,542,115 Budget Authority ... 15,190 1,542,115 15,190 Total Obligational Authority ... * For Overseas Contingency Operations, the appropriation request, budget authority, and total obligational authority are the same. Chapter 3 Table 3-1 45

53 Table 3-1: FY 2019 DEFENSE BUDGET - RECONCILIATION OF AUTHORIZATION, APPROPRIATION, BA AND TOA (Continued) Endnotes 1. The Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution accounts are not part of the annual authorization request. 2. Military construction and family housing authorization and appropriation request levels differ due to variances in funding phases. For example, a project may have been authorized in a previous year, but an appropriation might be required in a subsequent year to continue funding on that project. 3. This is mandatory funding that is only reflected in the budget authority. 4. Consists of mandatory budget authority that is not reported in the TOA, as well as funding transfers only reported in budget authority. 5. Transfers to other agencies. 6. Mandatory funding that is not included in the budget authority. NOTE: DoD and OMB amounts for FY 2019 do not match, due to a technical amendment moving $20 billion in OCO funding to base funding. DoD reports this, while OMB does not. All dollar amounts consist of discretionary and mandatory funding. Chapter 3 Table 3-1 46

54 Table 3-2: MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS (End Strength) FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2017 Base OCO Total OCO Total Base 1 Active Military Personnel 1,314,000 1,338,100 1,338,100 1,281,900 Authorization Request ... 1,314,000 To Be Determined 1,322,500 1,322,500 1,305,900 Enacted Authorization ... Current Estimate 487,500 487,500 476,245 476,000 476,000 Army ... 335,400 327,900 327,900 323,944 Navy ... 335,400 Marine Corps ... 184,514 185,000 185,000 186,100 186,100 329,100 Air Force ... 322,787 325,100 325,100 329,100 Total Active Military ... 1,314,000 1,314,000 1,338,100 1,338,100 1,307,490 2 Selected Reserve Personnel Authorization Request ... 815,900 817,700 815,900 801,200 817,700 To Be Determined 816,900 816,900 Enacted Authorization ... 813,200 Current Estimate Army Army Reserve ... 194,318 199,000 199,000 199,500 199,500 343,500 343,500 343,000 343,000 343,603 Army National Guard ... 542,000 542,000 543,000 543,000 Total Army ... 537,921 Navy ... 57,824 59,000 59,000 59,100 59,100 38,500 Marine Corps ... 38,500 38,682 38,500 38,500 Air Force 70,000 70,000 69,800 68,798 Air Force Reserve ... 69,800 Air National Guard ... 105,670 106,600 106,600 107,100 107,100 Total Air Force ... 174,468 176,400 176,400 177,100 177,100 815,900 815,900 817,700 817,700 Total Selected Reserve ... 808,895 Total Current Estimate of Military 2,155,800 2,155,800 Personnel Authorizations ... 2,129,900 2,129,900 2,116,385 1. Does not include full-time Guard or Reserve end strength. FY 2018 reflects the FY 2018 PB Request. The FY 2018 NDAA increases the Army and Marine Corps by +7.5K and +1.0K, respectively. 2. FY 2018 reflects the FY 2018 PB Request. The FY 2018 NDAA increases the Army Reserve and National Guard by 0.5K each. Chapter 3 Table 3-2 47

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56 Chapter 4: Chronology other important because of the scorekeeping provisions 2017 column of are the resulting in shown, Chronologies are adjustments FY of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act . Table 4-1 the FY 2019 budget Similarly, the Congress. submitted to request National Defense Table FY 2018 National Defense 4-2 provides a chronology of 2017 FY a chronology of provides budget with budget authority, beginning request 2018 budget FY the authority, beginning with the FY 2017 budget request submitted to congressional action submitted to and ends with the resulting the Congress, 2018 column of table the Then the Congress. FY shows in the FY 2017 column of the FY 2018 budget submitted to the . request 2019 budget FY the and appropriations, further Finally, Congress. rescissions, transfers Tables Page 50 FY 2017 National Defense Budget Authority Chronology... 4-1 52 FY 2018 National Defense Budget Authority Chronology... 4-2 Chapter 4 Introduction 49

57 Table 4-1: FY 2017 NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY CHRONOLOGY (Dollars in Millions) Occurred in 2016 In 2017 Other Function and Subfunction FY17 Column FY17 Column Sequestration Transfers Rescissions Congressional of FY17 Budget of FY18 Budget Action 051 - Department of Defense Department of Defense Bill (Base Budget) ... 510,093 -1,251 507,080 -135 -1,627 7,726 -308 7,444 Military Construction Bill (Base Budget) ... +590 Subtotal Bills (Base Budget) ... 517,537 -1,935 -135 -661 514,806 6,958 Med-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 6,367 +591 -894 +321 -1 -1,214 Offsetting Receipts and Other ... -1,396 8,284 9,031 Other Mandatory Funding ... +651 -2 Subtotal Dept of Defense (Base Budget) ... 529,154 -1,935 -1,145 531,721 -3 +516 Department of Defense Bill (OCO) ... 64,813 58,625 +6,188 Military Construction Bill (OCO) ... 172 172 +516 +5,042 594,139 051 - Total Dept of Defense (DoD Record) ... 590,519 -3 -1,935 32,091 59 Scoring and Rounding ... * ... 051 - Total Dept of Defense (OMB Record) 590,578 +35,652 626,230 053 - Atomic Energy Defense Activities* 19,209 Department of Energy ... -526 18,683 +9 103 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action ... 112 -2 31 29 Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board ... 1,142 1,092 Energy Empl Occupational Illness Comp ... +50 Other ... 55 +96 151 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 20,490 -373 20,117 054 - Defense-Related Activities* -10 4,998 Federal Bureau of Investigation ... 4,988 2,724 Other Discretionary Programs ... 2,816 -92 65 -5 70 Radiation Exposure Comp Trust Fund ... 514 Payment to CIA Retirement Fund & Other ... 1,000 +486 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 8,777 8,398 +379 050 - Total National Defense* ... +516 +37,080 655,124 619,466 -3 -1,935 From OMB's FY17 and FY18 PB Analytical Perspectives table titled "Net Budget Authority By Function, Category, and Program." * NOTE: The DoD numbers do not include the FY17 Request for Additional Appropriations, while the OMB numbers do. Chapter 4 Table 4-1 50

58 Table 4-1: FY 2017 NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY CHRONOLOGY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Occurred in 2017 In 2018 Other Function and Subfunction FY17 Column Excess Economic Contract FY17 Column Rescissions Transfers FFRDC Congressional of FY18 Budget Assumptions Cash Authority of FY19 Budget Action 051 - Department of Defense -1,312 -60 -63,855 +69,474 508,786 507,080 -2,298 +93 -336 Department of Defense Bill (Base Budget) . 7,726 7,726 Military Construction Bill (Base Budget) ... -1,312 -60 -63,855 +69,474 516,512 514,806 -2,298 +93 -336 Subtotal Bills (Base Budget) ... 6,958 +2 6,960 Med-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... +449 -894 -445 Offsetting Receipts and Other ... 8,284 -73 20,722 -64,030 +76,541 Other Mandatory Funding ... Subtotal Dept of Defense (Base Budget) ... -60 +12,686 +5,896 543,750 529,154 -2,298 +20 -336 -1,312 Department of Defense Bill (OCO) ... +18,190 64,813 -831 -102 82,070 Military Construction Bill (OCO) ... 420 -12 172 +260 -82 -336 -1,312 -60 +12,686 +24,345 626,239 594,139 -3,141 051 - Total Dept of Defense (DoD Record) ... 32,091 -9 Scoring and Rounding ... 626,230 626,230 051 - Total Dept of Defense (OMB Record)* ... * 053 - Atomic Energy Defense Activities Department of Energy ... 18,683 19,807 +1,124 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action ... 112 112 Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board ... +2 29 31 Energy Empl Occupational Illness Comp ... 1,367 1,142 +225 Other ... 151 50 -101 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 21,367 +1,250 20,117 054 - Defense-Related Activities * Federal Bureau of Investigation ... +109 5,097 4,988 Other Discretionary Programs ... 3,066 2,724 +342 Radiation Exposure Comp Trust Fund ... 65 65 Payment to CIA Retirement Fund & Other ... -486 514 1,000 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 8,742 8,777 -35 -3,141 -82 -336 -1,312 -60 +12,686 -6,540 656,339 050 - Total National Defense * ... 655,124 * From OMB's FY18 and FY19 PB Analytical Perspectives table titled "Net Budget Authority By Function, Category, and Program." NOTE: The DoD numbers do not include the FY17 Request for Additional Appropriations, while the OMB numbers do. Chapter 4 Table 4-1 51

59 Table 4-2: FY 2018 NATIONAL DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY CHRONOLOGY (Dollars in Millions) Occurred in 2017 In 2018 Other Continuing Function and Subfunction FY18 Column FY18 Column Sequestration Resolution Congressional Transfers 1 of FY18 Budget of FY19 Budget Adjustments Action 051 - Department of Defense Department of Defense Bill (Base Budget) ... -49,064 -254 556,955 +253 507,890 7,691 +1 9,782 Military Construction Bill (Base Budget) ... -2,092 515,581 566,737 -51,156 -254 Subtotal Bills (Base Budget) ... +254 8,147 Med-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,804 +343 -1,168 +182 -1 -1,349 Offsetting Receipts and Other ... -1,439 7,966 9,064 -1 Other Mandatory Funding ... +342 Subtotal Dept of Defense (Base Budget) ... 530,526 -51,156 -660 582,256 -2 +88 Department of Defense Bill (OCO) ... 83,000 +17,880 63,935 +1,185 Military Construction Bill (OCO) ... 432 -206 638 Department of Defense Bill (Missile Defeat) ... 4,486 -442 +4,928 Military Construction Bill (Missile Defeat) ... +921 200 -721 +88 618,643 051 - Total Dept of Defense (DoD Record) ... 646,829 -2 -34,645 +6,373 Scoring and Rounding ... 100 34,301 2 ... 051 - Total Dept of Defense (OMB Record) 646,929 +6,015 652,944 2 053 - Atomic Energy Defense Activities 20,447 Department of Energy ... -682 19,765 111 -7 118 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action ... Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board ... 31 31 Energy Empl Occupational Illness Comp ... 1,167 +49 1,216 Other ... 37 +702 739 053 - Total Atomic Energy Defense Activities ... 21,862 +62 21,800 2 054 - Defense-Related Activities 5,061 Federal Bureau of Investigation ... 5,067 -6 3,016 +228 2,788 Other Discretionary Programs ... 50 50 Radiation Exposure Comp Trust Fund ... 514 514 Payment to CIA Retirement Fund & Other ... -211 -211 Other ... 054 - Total Defense-Related Activities ... 8,430 +11 8,419 2 050 - Total National Defense ... 677,148 +40,647 683,236 -2 +88 -34,645 1. Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). 2. From OMB's FY18 and FY19 PB Analytical Perspectives table titled "Net Budget Authority By Function, Category, and Program." Chapter 4 Table 4-2 52

60 Chapter 5: Treatment of Inflation Index the economy. in prices of general level in the 5-11 Table . Medical) -U, (CPI Consumers Urban All for change Inflation is do not factors, rates used in developing outyear inflation Prices contains outlay always rise or change evenly . Some prices may be pay, of non- costs future estimating for commodities of some . Prices falling be may . fuel Defense purchases non- constant, and others rise Deflators others due to differences in the magnitude and faster than (These rates do not account for any lapses in accounts.) . markets 5-4 direction of changes in supply and demand in various for non- pay, non- fuel budget authority and TOA (Tables are created economic factors for calculating rates 5 provides the applying these Chapter purchases outlay standard through 5-7) by the (Table dollars in this constant . The prices in changes of effects book 5-11) to the outlay deflators published in Tables 5-8 and DoD to chapter in this indices the inflation applying from come For 5-9; weighted by the respective Defense BA and TOA dollars. cost current Department's outlay dollars. deflators for non- First, fuel, historical inflation rates are based on the change in the the by per barrel paid in pay, non- fuel purchases (as seen see that Tables 5-8 and 5-9) are To . fund stock the to the customer OMB are often revised many Gross the on are based They . Domestic the by provided becoming before times profiles inflation Consumer . profiles selected 5-10 displays the chronology of actual, Table and medical prices index, inflation in the Product Price Page Tables DoD and Selected Economy-Wide Indices (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 54 5-1 Pay and Inflation Rate Assumptions – Outlays (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 56 5-2 57 Pay and Inflation Rate Assumptions – Budget Authority (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 5-3 58 DoD Deflators – TOA by Public Law Title (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 5-4 DoD Deflators – TOA by Category (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 60 5-5 62 DoD Deflators – Budget Authority by Public Law Title (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 5-6 64 DoD Deflators – Budget Authority by Category (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 5-7 DoD Deflators – Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 66 5-8 DoD Deflators – Outlays by Category (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 68 5-9 Chronology of Selected Inflation Profiles (FY 1997 to FY 2023)... 70 5-10 Outlay Rates for Incremental Changes in Budget Authority Purchases... 72 5-11 75 Military and Civilian Pay Increases Since 1945 (1945 to 2023)... 5-12 Civilian Pay Deflators by Category (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 77 5-13 DoD Deflators – Budget Authority; Base, Discretionary (FY 2010 to FY 2023)... 79 5-14 Chapter 5 Introduction 53

61 Table 5-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND SELECTED ECONOMY-WIDE INDICES (Base Year = 2019) Dept of Defense Gross Domestic Consumer Price Total Department Dept of Defense Fiscal Year 2 1 3 Non-Pay of Defense Purchases Product Index (CPI-W) 14.05 1970 ... 15.53 17.05 19.12 17.59 14.92 18.54 18.01 16.32 20.09 1971 ... 1972 ... 21.04 16.92 18.98 19.70 16.34 21.34 17.81 1973 ... 21.95 17.59 20.55 23.69 1974 ... 23.50 19.17 22.74 19.42 26.54 25.07 21.17 21.29 25.94 1975 ... 1976 ... 23.28 27.74 22.79 27.86 29.23 29.13 30.34 24.91 1977 ... 29.73 24.54 31.73 26.26 26.94 1978 ... 31.73 33.01 34.80 34.28 1979 ... 36.32 28.99 29.13 39.85 39.80 1980 ... 32.57 37.27 32.89 43.10 36.53 1981 ... 40.92 36.54 43.28 45.65 39.69 45.98 39.17 1982 ... 43.73 1983 ... 47.61 41.57 45.65 40.49 47.46 41.83 49.22 43.02 1984 ... 47.26 48.63 49.96 44.71 43.34 1985 ... 48.83 50.73 44.31 52.27 45.61 49.94 1986 ... 51.11 45.49 52.42 53.90 46.76 1987 ... 51.05 47.37 52.71 48.46 1988 ... 54.06 55.91 55.97 54.81 1989 ... 58.06 49.63 50.28 60.16 57.76 1990 ... 51.68 56.79 52.01 62.11 53.57 1991 ... 58.80 54.57 60.59 63.51 55.01 61.52 56.09 1992 ... 60.24 1993 ... 64.83 55.22 61.67 57.72 59.90 59.18 66.04 56.35 1994 ... 63.02 60.98 62.05 57.60 60.89 1995 ... 64.35 67.23 62.58 68.30 58.90 65.55 1996 ... 63.27 64.22 64.38 69.16 60.32 1997 ... 66.71 65.12 67.53 62.03 1998 ... 65.62 69.81 66.71 63.73 66.35 70.69 1999 ... 68.39 67.31 71.76 65.30 2000 ... 69.81 68.13 69.27 72.84 67.49 69.77 71.48 2001 ... 70.63 69.84 73.75 69.15 2002 ... 72.64 72.25 75.06 71.45 71.72 2003 ... 74.03 73.84 73.80 76.93 73.70 2004 ... 75.86 1. From OMB Historical Table 10-1 (Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables). 2. Provided by OMB. 3. Excludes pay, fuel, and medical factors. Chapter 5 Table 5-1 54

62 Table 5-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND SELECTED ECONOMY-WIDE INDICES (Continued) (Base Year = 2019) Dept of Defense Gross Domestic Consumer Price Total Department Dept of Defense Fiscal Year 3 2 1 of Defense Non-Pay Purchases Product Index (CPI-W) 76.34 79.09 76.65 78.24 76.87 2005 ... 81.18 79.19 2006 ... 80.79 79.24 79.42 83.00 81.24 81.47 80.98 82.98 2007 ... 83.61 84.42 83.54 2008 ... 84.70 84.86 84.34 84.20 84.86 2009 ... 85.69 85.58 86.15 86.44 2010 ... 86.84 86.03 86.80 88.02 88.44 88.62 88.20 2011 ... 88.38 2012 ... 89.79 89.90 89.81 90.93 89.65 92.37 91.32 91.09 91.37 91.33 2013 ... 93.78 92.48 92.32 92.46 2014 ... 92.99 93.58 94.11 93.49 2015 ... 93.55 93.51 94.33 95.20 2016 ... 94.91 94.14 94.38 96.12 96.17 96.02 96.84 2017 ... 96.52 2018 ... 98.18 98.16 98.35 98.14 98.07 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 102.10 102.07 101.96 102.01 2020 ... 101.85 104.45 103.86 104.18 2021 ... 104.26 104.00 106.85 106.08 106.42 105.95 2022 ... 106.51 109.31 108.83 108.20 108.71 2023 ... 108.08 1. From OMB Historical Table 10-1 (Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables). 2. Provided by OMB. 3. Excludes pay, fuel, and medical factors. Chapter 5 Table 5-1 55

63 Table 5-2: PAY AND INFLATION RATE ASSUMPTIONS - OUTLAYS (Percent Change) Rate Type FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 FY 2020 FY 2018 FY 2019 Pay Raise Rates * 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.4 Military Pay Raise ... 2.1 2.6 2.1 0.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 Civilian Pay Raise ... 2.1 1.9 2.1 Purchases Inflation Rates -0.4 -0.8 0.8 6.0 2.4 Fuel ... 11.5 2.0 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.9 Defense Health Program ... 3.1 (Excludes Pay and Fuel) 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.7 Other Purchases ... (Excludes Pay, Fuel and Medical) 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 Total Department of Defense Outlays ... * Pay raises for military and General Schedule civilian employees are effective January 1 of each year. NOTE: These rates do not account for the spendout behavior of the DoD accounts. Chapter 5 Table 5-2 56

64 Table 5-3: PAY AND INFLATION RATE ASSUMPTIONS - BUDGET AUTHORITY (Percent Change) Rate Type FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 FY 2020 FY 2018 FY 2019 Pay Raise Rates * 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.4 Military Pay Raise ... 2.1 2.6 2.1 0.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 Civilian Pay Raise ... 2.1 1.9 2.1 Purchases Inflation Rates -0.4 -0.8 0.8 6.0 2.4 Fuel ... 11.5 2.0 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.9 Defense Health Program ... 3.3 (Excludes Pay and Fuel) 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.7 Other Purchases ... (Excludes Pay, Fuel and Medical) 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 Total Department of Defense Budget Authority ... * Pay raises for military and General Schedule civilian employees are effective January 1 of each year. NOTE: These rates are calculated by applying the spendout behavior of each DoD account (as seen in Table 5-11) to the outlay inflation rates published in Table 5-2. Chapter 5 Table 5-3 57

65 Table 5-4: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Base Year = 2019) Total DoD O&M Special Revolving & Total Military Military Operation & Family Department of RDT&E Management Excluding Excluding Foreign Procurement Fiscal Year Housing Construction Maintenance Personnel Defense Currency DHP Funds Medical 17.08 14.71 17.02 18.17 14.11 14.11 11.19 1970 ... 17.61 14.71 18.95 18.54 14.99 18.20 19.00 14.99 18.14 1971 ... 11.97 15.61 15.61 20.74 16.39 19.46 19.06 19.73 16.39 22.47 16.47 16.47 13.62 1972 ... 19.55 21.13 20.88 25.14 19.90 20.55 17.83 1973 ... 15.12 17.69 17.69 17.83 19.63 22.99 28.13 21.23 21.76 19.44 19.44 1974 ... 16.13 19.63 23.32 26.02 21.17 30.72 23.98 25.04 21.25 21.17 1975 ... 17.31 21.25 25.30 23.25 23.40 32.88 25.84 26.91 26.91 27.98 23.25 23.40 18.32 1976 ... 28.82 25.21 29.80 29.47 33.59 28.04 29.12 29.12 24.87 24.87 1977 ... 19.28 25.21 27.41 20.59 32.02 36.04 30.02 31.19 31.19 26.96 26.96 1978 ... 27.41 32.67 29.08 21.86 39.17 33.86 34.02 34.02 29.09 29.09 1979 ... 36.20 29.08 35.63 39.81 32.52 41.20 39.09 37.63 34.08 32.52 1980 ... 23.59 34.08 38.94 36.43 37.85 43.67 42.73 41.62 41.62 42.21 36.43 37.85 27.03 1981 ... 43.11 39.83 45.76 44.47 45.52 45.88 44.78 1982 ... 39.60 39.60 30.96 39.83 44.78 40.98 47.88 46.19 46.58 47.09 46.57 46.57 41.47 41.47 1983 ... 32.42 40.98 41.70 48.34 47.91 48.22 48.30 41.70 48.34 42.95 42.95 1984 ... 33.92 49.50 49.99 42.90 49.40 50.01 49.79 49.99 51.01 44.50 44.50 37.49 1985 ... 42.90 43.23 43.23 52.63 50.71 51.43 51.08 51.39 51.39 45.53 45.53 1986 ... 38.91 44.82 39.95 52.35 53.34 52.85 52.77 52.77 46.83 46.83 1987 ... 44.82 54.44 46.38 56.54 55.62 54.79 54.36 48.54 48.54 41.53 1988 ... 46.38 54.46 58.59 50.28 57.61 56.85 56.64 48.51 50.28 1989 ... 42.89 48.51 56.70 51.62 50.14 59.22 58.80 58.96 58.85 51.62 50.14 43.58 1990 ... 60.51 55.03 62.15 60.85 60.91 61.19 61.50 54.34 54.34 1991 ... 45.98 55.03 54.94 54.94 62.52 62.28 62.55 61.22 55.09 55.09 1992 ... 47.06 63.53 56.52 55.95 63.31 63.85 62.71 63.43 55.28 52.56 64.77 1993 ... 49.17 57.45 65.94 64.70 64.94 65.20 1994 ... 57.65 56.35 50.38 53.95 61.98 55.40 66.99 66.03 66.04 66.20 58.79 58.86 57.55 51.64 1995 ... 61.09 56.75 60.19 67.91 67.30 67.16 67.46 63.10 60.23 58.92 1996 ... 52.77 58.07 54.39 68.28 67.81 68.38 65.40 61.56 60.23 1997 ... 61.62 68.70 63.41 63.58 68.58 69.11 66.09 69.11 62.06 60.03 69.47 1998 ... 56.85 64.94 70.45 69.96 69.71 70.04 1999 ... 64.90 63.59 58.63 61.57 70.81 62.57 71.50 71.28 70.88 70.99 66.26 66.73 65.26 61.47 2000 ... 71.95 65.72 69.43 72.57 72.46 72.13 72.31 73.10 68.93 67.47 2001 ... 63.59 73.91 66.99 73.51 73.75 73.31 73.80 70.86 69.28 70.80 2002 ... 67.27 69.71 72.13 75.38 74.88 75.58 74.60 74.96 72.41 71.40 2003 ... 69.26 74.60 72.11 77.31 76.80 77.62 76.57 76.53 74.64 73.60 71.32 2004 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-4 58

66 Table 5-4: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Base Year = 2019) O&M Revolving & Special Total DoD Total Military Operation & Military Family Department of Fiscal Year Excluding RDT&E Procurement Management Foreign Excluding Maintenance Personnel Construction Housing Defense DHP Funds Currency Medical 77.62 79.55 79.18 73.66 78.83 76.72 76.42 2005 ... 79.35 79.06 78.73 81.23 81.28 81.27 2006 ... 80.96 80.07 79.19 76.14 79.21 81.66 81.14 83.48 83.20 82.71 82.73 83.02 82.85 81.24 81.33 78.18 2007 ... 82.02 86.08 84.14 84.93 2008 ... 84.62 84.75 84.17 83.54 80.75 84.21 84.01 85.01 85.34 86.14 85.40 85.57 85.80 85.44 84.88 2009 ... 83.41 86.53 87.28 88.53 86.42 87.20 87.84 87.36 86.79 87.23 86.69 2010 ... 85.80 90.41 88.12 89.00 87.93 88.76 2011 ... 88.91 88.45 87.09 89.19 88.46 90.71 89.45 90.34 89.16 90.33 91.92 90.35 89.91 88.64 2012 ... 90.00 92.29 93.52 90.68 91.46 90.49 91.82 91.35 91.80 91.37 2013 ... 90.27 93.22 91.51 92.61 91.68 93.10 92.64 92.89 92.47 2014 ... 94.37 91.93 93.83 95.02 93.12 94.33 93.79 93.73 93.49 94.07 2015 ... 92.54 93.24 94.80 94.73 95.07 94.59 95.03 95.05 94.57 94.37 2016 ... 93.80 94.30 96.19 96.56 96.69 96.29 96.61 96.66 96.30 96.16 2017 ... 95.58 96.38 98.30 98.40 98.39 98.16 98.29 98.13 98.24 98.16 97.63 2018 ... 98.63 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 100.00 101.96 102.20 101.90 101.96 101.89 101.92 101.93 102.02 2020 ... 101.72 101.98 103.95 104.22 103.95 104.01 103.87 104.02 104.01 104.18 104.42 2021 ... 103.74 106.55 105.85 106.10 106.04 106.09 105.91 106.03 106.15 106.41 2022 ... 106.68 108.34 108.97 108.22 108.17 108.22 107.96 108.15 108.01 108.70 109.00 2023 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-4 59

67 Table 5-5: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - TOA BY CATEGORY (Base Year = 2019) Excluding Pay, Fuel and Medical Defense Total DHP Total Civilian Military Retired Total Milcon Other Excluding Excluding MERHFC Health Fuel Fiscal Year Dept of Operation Procure- Pay Pay Pay Non-Pay Military Total & Fam RDT&E Pay & Med Pay & Fuel Program Defense & Maint ment Personnel Housing 13.83 17.09 17.28 1970 ... 18.65 19.42 17.60 17.08 17.08 14.11 10.26 13.82 18.29 10.52 18.33 1971 ... 18.04 18.04 18.54 20.67 19.52 14.99 17.76 19.09 10.99 15.28 11.10 15.02 18.98 18.98 19.67 21.92 20.47 19.64 18.74 19.85 11.42 16.30 12.92 16.27 1972 ... 16.39 17.25 14.51 17.29 11.89 20.80 20.37 21.34 21.82 23.72 21.26 20.51 20.51 17.83 1973 ... 18.79 1974 ... 15.49 18.96 12.59 22.39 19.44 23.56 24.11 25.87 23.63 22.71 22.71 23.30 1975 ... 20.31 16.50 21.64 14.49 25.42 26.53 26.21 26.75 28.92 26.48 25.04 25.04 21.17 29.03 23.25 21.96 17.37 24.03 15.57 27.67 1976 ... 28.99 29.57 31.36 29.12 27.77 27.77 30.38 29.08 29.08 30.30 32.66 30.80 29.96 1977 ... 29.51 16.85 25.45 18.34 23.89 24.87 32.85 25.80 31.70 31.70 32.97 34.85 33.37 26.96 32.90 31.76 18.05 27.36 19.62 1978 ... 27.32 20.77 29.62 20.86 34.74 36.10 36.20 36.60 37.80 36.25 34.74 34.74 1979 ... 29.09 32.52 29.19 22.25 33.20 39.26 38.41 1980 ... 39.81 40.11 40.80 39.79 39.74 39.74 39.66 43.25 1981 ... 31.75 25.37 36.92 45.36 42.16 42.98 43.11 43.27 43.73 43.07 43.25 36.43 45.02 45.41 1982 ... 32.58 29.49 39.35 50.43 39.60 45.97 45.76 45.55 46.19 45.64 45.97 47.42 47.57 48.04 47.26 47.88 47.14 46.79 45.18 41.62 30.83 34.35 1983 ... 41.47 47.42 1984 ... 42.95 48.60 48.60 49.19 49.65 35.74 49.50 48.79 48.51 38.94 43.04 32.32 48.91 36.96 34.00 36.12 50.09 50.30 51.01 50.42 51.28 50.72 49.91 49.91 44.50 1985 ... 51.06 45.53 1986 ... 37.76 35.47 31.30 51.49 51.74 52.63 51.86 52.93 52.24 51.06 53.32 52.44 40.11 36.26 28.74 52.94 1987 ... 54.44 53.43 54.67 53.90 52.44 46.83 1988 ... 42.66 38.05 24.09 54.67 55.23 56.54 55.37 56.62 55.88 54.07 54.07 48.54 50.28 1989 ... 45.33 39.42 24.11 56.95 57.51 58.59 57.61 58.61 58.02 55.94 55.94 59.79 57.70 47.56 41.57 21.51 59.29 1990 ... 60.51 59.89 60.32 60.12 57.70 51.62 61.89 62.15 61.92 62.02 61.98 60.73 60.73 54.34 1991 ... 40.27 61.65 49.45 43.58 63.53 1992 ... 61.55 61.55 63.50 63.45 63.51 55.09 63.50 63.41 26.86 45.10 51.51 55.28 59.97 64.83 64.75 64.86 64.77 64.88 64.88 32.23 34.70 27.23 47.32 53.48 1993 ... 62.75 66.10 48.54 54.84 56.35 63.98 60.97 66.04 65.87 1994 ... 65.94 66.14 66.16 33.18 35.89 31.07 1995 ... 67.23 67.03 67.34 66.99 67.38 64.95 67.43 34.63 37.25 27.22 49.75 56.19 62.00 57.55 63.30 66.20 58.92 1996 ... 57.54 50.95 28.74 38.67 35.98 68.72 68.55 67.91 68.51 68.04 68.31 60.23 37.07 1997 ... 59.26 52.47 29.12 39.77 69.79 69.44 68.70 69.35 68.78 69.16 64.32 67.21 70.31 68.32 60.92 53.94 34.85 41.05 38.27 1998 ... 70.02 69.47 69.94 69.54 69.84 62.06 65.66 70.69 66.58 69.03 63.59 1999 ... 63.12 55.89 31.79 42.33 39.66 70.98 70.82 70.45 70.78 70.48 71.89 2000 ... 58.57 23.75 43.82 41.35 72.03 66.15 71.50 71.89 71.50 71.76 67.29 69.84 65.26 72.85 67.47 2001 ... 68.59 60.73 38.68 45.81 43.46 73.23 72.98 72.57 72.89 72.65 69.26 71.69 73.76 69.28 70.01 73.78 73.90 73.71 73.80 72.47 73.87 46.41 48.46 38.30 64.93 71.75 2002 ... 71.67 75.51 73.57 71.40 74.96 75.38 74.93 74.78 49.54 51.93 32.17 58.02 67.98 74.69 2003 ... 75.06 76.80 77.42 76.91 73.67 75.62 73.60 2004 ... 77.75 70.80 60.46 34.85 55.25 52.84 76.42 76.77 77.31 Chapter 5 Table 5-5 60

68 Table 5-5: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - TOA BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Base Year = 2019) Excluding Pay, Fuel and Medical Defense Total DHP Total Civilian Military Retired Total Milcon Other Excluding Excluding MERHFC Health Fuel Fiscal Year Dept of Operation Procure- Pay Pay Pay Non-Pay Military Total & Fam RDT&E Pay & Med Pay & Fuel Program Defense & Maint ment Personnel Housing 78.78 76.72 73.28 58.85 80.48 56.33 78.61 2005 ... 78.98 79.35 79.00 79.36 79.06 63.00 76.96 66.64 80.96 79.19 82.97 75.55 65.58 81.96 62.43 60.06 2006 ... 81.17 81.23 81.17 81.11 81.16 79.43 81.18 83.00 83.00 81.24 82.62 83.09 82.85 83.09 83.07 64.01 66.12 83.11 68.27 77.59 84.80 2007 ... 81.48 84.44 83.62 84.82 83.54 2008 ... 87.76 80.30 71.20 112.28 70.25 68.02 84.87 84.62 84.14 84.60 83.91 71.92 84.88 84.38 85.22 85.67 85.34 85.74 86.04 85.43 73.94 77.25 73.34 83.43 85.61 91.19 2009 ... 86.83 86.15 2010 ... 86.79 93.01 86.27 75.91 96.79 77.44 75.59 86.96 86.93 86.69 86.90 86.43 87.02 88.45 93.01 87.48 78.19 120.21 79.93 77.93 2011 ... 88.52 88.12 88.49 87.80 88.39 88.05 88.94 88.65 89.80 89.67 90.55 89.91 89.92 2012 ... 93.01 88.88 81.00 123.94 82.17 80.45 90.19 89.96 89.45 88.99 91.53 92.16 91.32 91.10 90.41 91.24 90.68 91.27 91.37 82.60 84.32 134.35 83.27 90.39 93.01 2013 ... 92.34 92.50 93.28 92.47 91.93 92.48 92.82 84.71 85.94 130.46 85.18 91.47 93.66 2014 ... 91.62 92.44 93.59 93.05 93.53 93.56 94.20 93.49 2015 ... 94.60 92.39 87.40 122.76 88.24 87.17 93.88 93.62 93.24 94.99 2016 ... 94.70 94.34 94.91 94.59 94.98 94.73 94.37 95.11 90.14 91.11 84.95 90.46 93.50 95.74 96.57 96.16 96.58 96.71 93.09 93.81 90.05 93.26 95.27 97.55 2017 ... 96.38 96.12 96.38 96.29 96.52 98.28 98.16 99.50 97.47 96.43 100.40 96.87 96.38 2018 ... 98.21 98.13 98.20 98.08 98.19 98.08 98.24 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 100.00 101.92 102.02 102.07 101.96 101.99 101.96 101.98 101.95 101.91 103.84 103.46 99.20 102.20 101.50 2020 ... 103.80 104.00 104.03 104.00 104.24 103.92 104.18 2021 ... 103.63 104.35 107.85 99.99 107.19 107.89 103.96 103.99 104.02 106.04 106.49 106.00 106.08 106.11 106.07 106.10 106.07 106.41 112.10 111.05 101.99 112.05 106.54 105.80 2022 ... 108.20 108.20 108.23 108.79 108.13 108.70 108.22 108.19 108.16 116.47 115.05 104.44 116.42 108.77 108.03 2023 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-5 61

69 Table 5-6: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Base Year = 2019) O&M Revolving & Special Total DoD Total Operation & Military Military Family Trust Offsetting Interfund Fiscal Year Excluding Procurement RDT&E Management Foreign Excluding Dept of Maintenance Personnel Construction Housing Funds Receipts Transactions DHP Funds Currency Medical Defense 17.61 18.87 17.03 18.17 18.17 18.17 18.17 18.17 14.04 14.04 11.19 17.00 14.71 1970 ... 14.71 18.53 19.00 18.20 19.00 19.00 18.04 19.00 14.92 14.92 1971 ... 11.98 15.61 15.61 20.85 16.33 19.44 19.08 19.73 19.73 19.73 19.73 22.50 16.33 16.43 16.43 13.58 1972 ... 19.54 21.16 20.87 25.03 19.90 20.55 20.55 1973 ... 20.55 17.78 17.78 15.14 17.65 17.65 20.55 19.64 22.98 28.02 21.23 21.76 21.76 21.76 21.76 19.39 19.39 1974 ... 16.14 19.64 23.30 26.01 25.04 30.74 24.03 25.04 25.04 25.04 21.25 25.04 21.15 21.15 1975 ... 17.33 21.25 25.29 26.91 23.38 33.03 25.81 26.91 26.91 26.91 27.97 26.91 23.25 23.25 23.38 18.32 1976 ... 28.80 25.23 29.80 29.45 33.56 28.01 29.12 29.12 1977 ... 29.12 29.12 24.90 24.90 19.33 25.23 29.12 27.39 32.67 32.00 35.81 29.98 31.19 31.19 31.19 31.19 31.19 26.92 26.92 1978 ... 20.61 27.39 29.11 21.88 39.01 33.86 34.02 34.02 34.02 34.02 34.02 29.10 29.10 1979 ... 36.22 29.11 35.63 39.83 37.63 41.24 39.11 37.63 37.63 37.63 34.05 37.63 32.54 32.54 1980 ... 23.58 34.05 38.94 41.62 37.87 43.69 42.68 41.62 41.62 41.62 42.21 41.62 36.51 36.51 37.87 27.08 1981 ... 43.13 39.86 45.77 44.47 45.53 45.83 44.78 44.78 1982 ... 44.78 44.78 39.68 39.68 30.97 39.86 44.78 40.97 47.90 46.19 46.68 47.12 46.57 46.57 46.57 46.57 46.57 41.56 41.56 1983 ... 32.43 40.97 41.75 48.34 47.91 48.20 48.32 48.34 48.34 41.75 48.34 48.34 43.02 43.02 1984 ... 33.96 49.50 49.99 42.92 49.43 50.02 49.82 49.99 49.99 51.02 49.99 49.99 44.70 44.70 37.45 1985 ... 42.92 43.09 43.09 52.64 50.72 51.50 51.14 51.39 51.39 51.39 51.39 51.39 45.61 45.61 1986 ... 38.37 44.75 39.88 52.35 53.30 52.84 52.77 52.77 52.77 52.77 52.77 46.75 46.75 1987 ... 44.75 54.42 46.28 56.54 55.57 54.76 54.36 54.36 54.36 54.36 48.45 48.45 41.53 1988 ... 46.28 54.45 58.58 56.64 57.60 56.83 56.64 56.64 56.64 48.47 50.26 50.26 1989 ... 42.89 48.47 56.71 58.96 50.13 59.20 58.80 58.96 58.96 58.96 58.88 51.67 51.67 50.13 43.59 1990 ... 60.51 55.40 62.15 60.90 60.84 61.16 61.50 61.50 61.50 61.50 53.56 53.56 1991 ... 46.01 55.40 55.07 55.07 62.49 62.34 62.56 61.72 63.34 63.34 63.34 55.01 55.01 1992 ... 47.08 63.53 64.86 55.80 63.53 63.88 63.00 64.86 64.86 63.44 56.46 55.22 52.37 64.77 1993 ... 49.17 57.41 65.93 64.70 64.90 65.20 63.37 66.16 1994 ... 66.16 57.66 56.35 50.39 53.91 66.16 55.38 66.99 66.03 65.95 66.09 65.39 58.77 67.42 67.42 58.90 57.60 51.65 1995 ... 67.42 56.78 60.23 67.91 67.30 67.11 67.45 65.13 68.77 68.77 68.77 60.22 58.90 1996 ... 52.78 58.06 54.42 68.27 67.77 68.38 68.38 70.00 70.00 70.00 61.67 60.33 1997 ... 61.65 68.70 70.49 63.67 68.59 69.09 66.83 70.49 70.49 69.11 63.39 62.04 60.14 69.47 1998 ... 56.87 65.08 70.45 69.96 69.75 70.03 70.95 71.06 1999 ... 71.06 65.02 63.74 58.62 61.76 71.06 62.62 71.50 71.28 70.85 70.99 72.00 66.35 72.04 72.05 66.79 65.30 61.51 2000 ... 72.05 65.75 69.48 72.57 72.46 72.15 72.31 73.25 73.42 73.41 73.42 68.97 67.50 2001 ... 63.55 74.00 66.56 73.51 73.75 73.34 73.91 74.01 73.80 74.01 70.77 69.15 70.56 2002 ... 67.26 69.86 72.22 75.38 74.88 75.59 74.61 74.89 74.75 74.75 74.75 72.43 71.44 2003 ... 69.26 76.24 72.35 77.31 76.80 77.62 76.50 76.45 76.24 76.26 74.79 74.67 73.67 71.34 2004 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-6 62

70 Table 5-6: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Base Year = 2019) O&M Revolving & Special Total DoD Total Operation & Military Military Family Trust Offsetting Interfund Fiscal Year Excluding Procurement RDT&E Management Foreign Excluding Dept of Maintenance Personnel Construction Housing Funds Receipts Transactions DHP Funds Currency Medical Defense 79.06 79.56 79.20 78.63 78.38 78.82 78.38 77.56 76.63 2005 ... 76.16 73.66 79.35 78.42 81.23 81.28 81.27 81.15 80.96 2006 ... 80.81 80.81 80.08 79.17 76.20 79.19 81.66 80.81 83.48 83.20 82.71 82.72 82.96 82.99 82.85 82.99 82.02 81.23 81.33 78.23 2007 ... 82.98 86.09 84.14 84.93 84.00 2008 ... 84.83 84.98 84.98 84.98 84.18 83.55 80.81 84.21 84.65 85.01 85.34 86.15 85.40 85.66 87.23 86.26 86.12 86.26 85.45 84.88 2009 ... 83.49 86.53 86.95 88.52 86.43 87.24 87.69 86.95 86.92 87.37 87.28 86.80 87.22 86.69 2010 ... 85.83 90.41 88.12 89.00 87.94 88.99 88.39 88.69 2011 ... 88.68 88.91 88.44 87.13 89.17 88.66 90.70 89.45 90.35 89.16 90.57 90.39 91.94 90.21 90.28 90.36 89.91 88.70 2012 ... 90.28 92.30 93.50 90.69 91.47 90.36 92.14 91.45 91.64 91.51 91.64 91.81 91.39 2013 ... 90.33 93.20 91.57 92.61 91.62 93.21 92.86 93.01 92.92 93.01 92.89 92.48 2014 ... 94.34 91.93 94.03 95.03 93.12 94.43 93.89 94.03 93.91 93.73 93.84 93.50 94.09 2015 ... 92.61 93.24 94.80 94.73 95.07 94.59 95.09 95.12 95.16 95.09 95.16 94.58 94.38 2016 ... 93.87 94.29 96.19 96.56 96.70 96.28 96.61 96.73 96.78 96.70 96.78 96.31 96.17 2017 ... 95.63 96.38 98.29 98.40 98.39 98.16 98.29 98.30 98.33 98.13 98.33 98.24 98.16 97.66 2018 ... 98.63 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 100.00 101.96 102.19 101.90 101.96 101.89 101.92 101.90 101.92 101.90 101.93 102.02 2020 ... 101.72 101.98 103.96 104.22 103.95 104.01 103.87 103.95 103.94 104.02 103.94 104.01 104.18 104.39 2021 ... 103.74 106.55 105.85 106.10 106.04 106.09 105.91 106.03 106.02 106.03 106.02 106.15 106.41 2022 ... 106.64 108.14 108.97 108.22 108.17 108.22 107.96 108.15 108.14 108.15 108.01 108.34 108.69 108.95 2023 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-6 63

71 Table 5-7: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Base Year = 2019) Excluding Pay, Fuel and Medical Defense Total DHP Total Civilian Military Retired Total Milcon Other Excluding Excluding MERHFC Health Fuel Fiscal Year Dept of Operation Procure- Pay Pay Pay Non-Pay Military Total & Fam RDT&E Pay & Med Pay & Fuel Program Defense & Maint ment Personnel Housing 13.83 17.14 17.21 1970 ... 18.66 19.37 17.59 17.05 17.05 14.05 10.26 13.82 18.29 10.52 18.24 1971 ... 18.01 18.01 18.54 20.75 19.53 14.92 17.82 19.10 10.99 15.28 11.10 15.02 18.98 18.98 19.70 21.91 20.48 19.61 18.85 19.85 11.42 16.30 12.92 16.27 1972 ... 16.34 17.25 14.51 17.29 11.89 20.81 20.63 21.38 21.83 23.53 21.34 20.55 20.55 17.81 1973 ... 18.79 1974 ... 15.49 18.96 12.59 22.41 19.42 23.53 24.14 25.58 23.69 22.74 22.74 23.62 1975 ... 20.31 16.50 21.64 14.49 25.43 26.72 26.19 26.78 28.91 26.54 25.07 25.07 21.17 29.33 23.28 21.96 17.37 24.03 15.57 27.69 1976 ... 28.96 29.61 31.60 29.23 27.86 27.86 30.55 29.13 29.13 30.34 32.69 30.83 29.95 1977 ... 29.52 16.85 25.45 18.34 23.89 24.91 32.85 25.80 31.73 31.73 33.01 34.67 33.41 26.94 33.13 31.77 18.05 27.36 19.62 1978 ... 27.32 20.77 29.62 20.86 34.76 36.39 36.21 36.65 37.67 36.32 34.80 34.80 1979 ... 29.13 32.57 29.19 22.25 33.20 39.26 38.43 1980 ... 39.82 40.16 40.85 39.85 39.80 39.80 39.93 43.28 1981 ... 31.75 25.37 36.92 45.36 42.17 43.16 43.12 43.30 43.78 43.10 43.28 36.53 45.02 45.50 1982 ... 32.58 29.49 39.35 50.43 39.69 45.98 45.77 45.56 46.21 45.65 45.98 47.46 47.61 48.07 47.28 47.89 47.22 46.79 45.18 41.63 30.83 34.35 1983 ... 41.57 47.46 1984 ... 43.02 48.63 48.63 49.22 49.68 35.74 49.50 48.85 48.52 38.94 43.04 32.32 48.92 36.96 34.00 36.12 50.10 50.35 51.02 50.43 51.29 50.73 49.96 49.96 44.71 1985 ... 51.11 45.61 1986 ... 37.76 35.47 31.30 51.50 51.79 52.64 51.87 52.95 52.27 51.11 53.39 52.42 40.11 36.26 28.74 52.94 1987 ... 54.42 53.44 54.70 53.90 52.42 46.76 1988 ... 42.66 38.05 24.09 54.67 55.35 56.53 55.38 56.64 55.91 54.06 54.06 48.46 50.28 1989 ... 45.33 39.42 24.11 56.96 57.62 58.58 57.63 58.65 58.06 55.97 55.97 59.89 57.76 47.56 41.57 21.51 59.30 1990 ... 60.51 59.91 60.34 60.16 57.76 51.68 61.90 62.15 61.93 62.01 62.11 60.59 60.59 53.57 1991 ... 40.27 61.66 49.45 43.58 63.53 1992 ... 61.52 61.52 63.51 63.46 63.51 55.01 63.51 63.41 26.86 45.10 51.51 55.22 59.90 64.83 64.75 64.86 64.77 64.88 64.88 32.22 34.70 27.23 47.32 53.48 1993 ... 62.73 66.10 48.54 54.84 56.35 63.98 60.98 66.04 65.89 1994 ... 65.93 66.14 66.16 33.18 35.90 31.07 1995 ... 67.23 67.01 67.34 66.99 67.37 64.98 67.43 34.63 37.26 27.22 49.75 56.19 62.05 57.60 63.27 66.19 58.90 1996 ... 57.54 50.95 28.74 38.66 35.98 68.72 68.52 67.91 68.51 68.02 68.30 60.32 37.06 1997 ... 59.26 52.47 29.12 39.73 69.79 69.37 68.70 69.34 68.77 69.16 64.38 67.26 70.31 68.29 60.92 53.94 34.85 41.05 38.27 1998 ... 69.97 69.47 69.93 69.54 69.81 62.03 65.62 70.69 66.71 69.08 63.73 1999 ... 63.12 55.89 31.79 42.33 39.66 70.98 70.79 70.45 70.77 70.47 71.86 2000 ... 58.57 23.75 43.78 41.35 72.03 66.15 71.50 71.89 71.50 71.76 67.31 69.87 65.30 72.84 67.49 2001 ... 68.59 60.73 38.68 45.80 43.48 73.22 72.95 72.57 72.88 72.65 69.27 71.70 73.69 69.15 69.84 73.75 73.91 73.70 73.80 72.39 73.86 46.42 48.48 38.30 64.93 71.75 2002 ... 71.72 75.54 73.59 71.45 74.96 75.38 74.94 74.78 49.56 51.95 32.17 58.02 67.98 74.69 2003 ... 75.06 76.81 77.43 76.93 73.80 75.70 73.70 2004 ... 77.75 70.80 60.46 34.85 55.23 52.86 76.43 76.84 77.31 Chapter 5 Table 5-7 64

72 Table 5-7: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Base Year = 2019) Excluding Pay, Fuel and Medical Defense Total DHP Total Civilian Military Retired Total Milcon Other Excluding Excluding MERHFC Health Fuel Fiscal Year Dept of Operation Procure- Pay Pay Pay Non-Pay Military Total & Fam RDT&E Pay & Med Pay & Fuel Program Defense & Maint ment Personnel Housing 78.80 76.65 73.28 58.87 80.48 56.35 78.61 2005 ... 79.05 79.35 79.01 79.38 79.09 63.00 76.87 66.64 80.96 79.19 82.97 75.55 65.58 81.96 62.42 60.08 2006 ... 81.21 81.24 81.18 81.11 81.18 79.42 81.20 83.00 83.00 81.24 82.61 83.09 82.86 83.11 83.07 64.03 66.13 83.11 68.27 77.59 84.80 2007 ... 81.47 84.42 83.61 84.81 83.54 2008 ... 87.76 80.30 71.20 112.28 70.26 68.04 84.87 84.58 84.14 84.60 83.88 71.93 84.86 84.34 85.23 85.66 85.34 85.68 86.03 85.39 73.95 77.25 73.34 83.43 85.58 91.19 2009 ... 86.84 86.15 2010 ... 86.80 93.01 86.27 75.91 96.79 77.43 75.58 86.96 86.93 86.69 86.90 86.43 87.02 88.44 93.01 87.48 78.19 120.21 79.88 77.92 2011 ... 88.50 88.12 88.49 87.72 88.38 88.02 88.94 88.65 89.79 89.65 90.54 89.90 89.92 2012 ... 93.01 88.88 81.00 123.94 82.14 80.44 90.18 89.92 89.45 88.96 91.53 92.17 91.32 91.09 90.24 91.23 90.69 91.23 91.37 82.59 84.33 134.35 83.27 90.39 93.01 2013 ... 92.32 92.48 93.25 92.46 91.93 92.41 92.82 84.70 85.92 130.46 85.18 91.47 93.66 2014 ... 91.55 92.44 93.58 93.02 93.51 93.55 94.18 93.49 2015 ... 94.60 92.39 87.40 122.76 88.25 87.17 93.88 93.58 93.24 94.97 2016 ... 94.70 94.33 94.91 94.57 94.97 94.73 94.38 95.11 90.13 91.10 84.95 90.46 93.50 95.74 96.56 96.17 96.55 96.71 93.08 93.83 90.05 93.26 95.27 97.55 2017 ... 96.38 96.12 96.38 96.28 96.52 98.28 98.16 99.50 97.47 96.43 100.40 96.91 96.38 2018 ... 98.20 98.12 98.20 98.08 98.18 98.07 98.24 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 100.00 101.92 102.01 102.07 101.96 101.99 101.96 101.98 101.96 101.91 103.84 103.41 99.20 102.20 101.50 2020 ... 103.80 104.00 104.03 104.00 104.26 103.92 104.18 2021 ... 103.63 104.35 107.85 99.99 107.11 107.89 103.96 104.00 104.02 106.04 106.51 106.00 106.08 106.11 106.08 106.10 106.08 106.42 112.10 110.92 101.99 112.05 106.54 105.80 2022 ... 108.20 108.20 108.23 108.83 108.13 108.71 108.22 108.20 108.16 116.47 114.88 104.44 116.42 108.77 108.03 2023 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-7 65

73 Table 5-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Base Year = 2019) O&M Revolving & Special Total DoD Total Operation & Military Military Family Trust Offsetting Interfund Fiscal Year Excluding Procurement RDT&E Management Foreign Excluding Dept of Maintenance Personnel Construction Housing Funds Receipts Transactions DHP Funds Currency Medical Defense 17.22 17.51 17.05 18.17 18.17 18.17 18.17 18.17 13.94 13.94 11.19 16.35 14.61 1970 ... 14.61 18.17 19.00 18.05 19.00 19.00 19.00 17.10 19.00 14.78 14.78 1971 ... 11.97 15.55 15.55 18.43 19.73 17.91 18.92 19.73 19.73 19.73 19.73 19.24 15.94 15.94 16.32 16.32 13.59 1972 ... 19.02 18.57 19.91 20.21 19.69 20.55 20.55 1973 ... 20.54 20.55 16.93 16.93 15.04 17.03 17.03 20.55 18.75 21.21 21.59 21.09 21.76 21.76 21.76 21.76 21.76 18.30 18.30 1974 ... 16.02 18.75 19.79 22.26 25.04 24.74 23.99 25.04 25.04 25.04 20.96 25.04 20.32 20.32 1975 ... 17.30 20.96 24.05 26.91 22.70 26.44 25.78 26.91 26.91 26.91 25.89 26.91 21.82 21.82 22.70 18.19 1976 ... 23.88 24.66 25.80 28.08 28.51 28.09 1977 ... 29.12 29.12 29.12 29.12 23.51 23.51 19.20 24.66 29.12 26.71 27.72 30.19 30.53 30.03 31.19 31.19 31.19 31.19 31.19 25.32 25.32 1978 ... 20.53 26.71 28.36 21.76 33.15 33.84 34.02 34.02 34.02 34.02 34.02 27.31 27.31 1979 ... 30.25 28.36 33.30 33.70 37.63 36.58 38.97 37.63 37.63 37.63 33.31 37.63 30.76 30.76 1980 ... 23.49 33.31 36.76 41.62 37.13 40.29 42.23 41.62 41.62 41.62 40.68 41.62 34.51 34.51 37.13 26.91 1981 ... 37.47 39.43 42.21 43.66 43.02 45.36 44.78 44.78 1982 ... 44.78 44.78 38.08 38.08 30.84 39.43 44.78 40.63 45.49 45.47 44.73 46.19 46.57 46.57 46.57 46.57 46.57 40.07 40.07 1983 ... 32.38 40.63 41.28 48.34 47.24 46.42 47.58 48.34 48.34 41.28 48.34 48.34 41.76 41.76 1984 ... 33.80 48.34 49.99 42.34 48.89 48.21 49.14 49.99 49.99 49.99 49.98 49.99 43.50 43.50 37.45 1985 ... 42.34 43.00 43.00 51.39 50.25 49.75 50.35 51.39 51.39 51.39 51.39 51.39 44.86 44.86 1986 ... 38.87 44.24 39.60 51.69 51.48 51.68 52.77 52.77 52.77 52.77 52.77 46.12 46.12 1987 ... 44.24 52.77 46.19 54.36 53.31 53.29 54.36 54.36 54.36 54.36 47.69 47.69 41.48 1988 ... 46.19 53.48 56.64 56.64 55.45 55.54 56.64 56.64 56.64 48.20 49.70 49.70 1989 ... 43.16 48.20 55.80 58.96 49.82 57.81 57.95 58.96 58.96 58.96 58.06 51.06 51.06 49.82 43.08 1990 ... 58.96 54.39 61.50 60.47 59.80 60.74 61.50 61.50 61.50 61.50 52.94 52.94 1991 ... 45.89 54.39 54.87 54.87 62.28 62.02 62.29 60.93 63.34 63.35 63.34 55.07 55.07 1992 ... 47.07 63.34 64.86 56.38 63.72 63.75 66.68 64.86 64.86 63.41 56.81 55.82 53.60 64.86 1993 ... 49.16 57.39 66.16 64.77 65.01 65.31 63.10 66.16 1994 ... 66.16 58.21 57.00 50.68 54.02 66.16 55.47 67.42 66.11 66.57 66.43 88.20 58.62 67.42 67.42 59.15 57.97 51.70 1995 ... 67.42 56.50 59.88 68.77 67.58 67.82 67.95 64.65 68.77 68.77 68.77 60.39 59.12 1996 ... 52.22 58.55 54.33 68.88 69.10 69.30 66.38 70.00 70.00 70.00 62.07 60.81 1997 ... 61.94 70.00 70.49 63.64 69.65 69.83 50.88 70.49 70.49 69.62 63.67 62.33 60.11 70.49 1998 ... 56.76 64.67 71.06 70.19 70.37 70.49 71.06 71.06 1999 ... 71.06 64.85 63.50 58.46 61.16 71.06 62.85 72.05 71.41 71.44 71.34 72.05 66.34 72.05 72.05 66.80 65.40 61.76 2000 ... 72.05 65.26 69.28 73.42 72.93 72.85 72.93 73.42 73.42 73.42 73.42 68.92 67.35 2001 ... 63.25 74.01 66.96 73.77 73.74 73.46 74.01 74.01 74.01 74.01 70.82 69.30 70.68 2002 ... 67.28 68.81 71.60 74.75 74.68 74.74 74.00 74.75 74.75 74.75 74.75 71.90 70.76 2003 ... 69.14 76.24 71.75 76.24 76.27 76.39 75.65 76.24 76.24 76.24 74.26 74.08 73.07 71.20 2004 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-8 66

74 Table 5-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Base Year = 2019) O&M Revolving & Special Total DoD Total Operation & Military Military Family Trust Offsetting Interfund Fiscal Year Excluding Procurement RDT&E Management Foreign Excluding Dept of Maintenance Personnel Construction Housing Funds Receipts Transactions DHP Funds Currency Medical Defense 78.47 78.63 78.39 78.38 78.38 78.41 78.38 77.08 76.13 2005 ... 75.87 73.82 78.38 78.38 80.81 80.95 81.07 80.89 80.81 2006 ... 80.81 80.81 79.76 78.83 76.13 78.94 81.43 81.37 83.44 83.11 83.14 83.05 82.99 82.99 82.99 82.99 81.88 81.05 81.21 78.11 2007 ... 82.99 86.43 84.98 85.29 85.18 2008 ... 84.98 84.98 84.98 84.98 84.52 83.78 80.84 84.38 85.35 85.29 86.26 86.69 86.53 86.43 86.26 86.26 86.26 86.26 85.90 85.27 2009 ... 83.52 86.95 86.95 88.63 86.98 87.26 88.89 86.95 86.95 87.43 87.38 86.91 87.35 86.95 2010 ... 85.82 90.62 88.69 89.18 88.86 89.08 88.69 88.69 2011 ... 88.68 89.13 88.68 87.17 89.40 88.69 91.04 90.28 90.67 90.43 90.93 90.69 92.20 90.28 90.28 90.69 90.27 88.66 2012 ... 90.28 92.62 93.74 91.64 91.81 91.71 92.51 91.64 91.64 91.64 91.64 92.14 91.75 2013 ... 90.34 93.73 91.61 93.10 93.06 93.97 93.01 93.01 93.01 93.01 93.35 92.96 2014 ... 94.86 93.01 94.03 95.32 94.08 94.87 94.03 94.03 94.03 94.12 94.18 93.83 94.37 2015 ... 92.65 94.03 94.92 95.16 95.24 95.19 95.37 95.16 95.16 95.16 95.16 94.72 94.53 2016 ... 93.91 94.44 96.34 96.70 96.89 96.80 96.91 96.78 96.78 96.78 96.78 96.45 96.31 2017 ... 95.64 96.78 98.33 98.48 98.50 98.39 98.45 98.33 98.33 98.33 98.33 98.33 98.25 97.66 2018 ... 98.72 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 100.00 101.92 102.18 101.85 101.87 101.82 101.90 101.90 101.90 101.90 101.89 101.97 2020 ... 101.70 101.90 103.94 104.17 103.90 103.92 103.81 103.94 103.94 103.94 103.94 103.97 104.14 104.39 2021 ... 103.70 106.51 105.81 106.02 105.99 106.00 105.84 106.02 106.02 106.02 106.02 106.11 106.36 2022 ... 106.64 108.14 108.92 108.14 108.12 108.12 107.90 108.14 108.14 108.14 107.97 108.30 108.65 108.95 2023 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-8 67

75 Table 5-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Base Year = 2019) Excluding Pay, Fuel and Medical Defense Total DHP Total Civilian Military Retired Total Milcon Other Excluding Excluding MERHFC Health Fuel Fiscal Year Dept of Operation Procure- Pay Pay Pay Non-Pay Military Total & Fam RDT&E Pay & Med Pay & Fuel Program Defense & Maint ment Personnel Housing 13.83 16.77 16.48 1970 ... 18.17 18.17 16.97 16.53 16.53 13.94 10.26 13.82 18.17 10.52 17.21 1971 ... 17.33 17.33 17.75 19.00 19.00 14.78 17.45 19.00 10.99 15.28 11.10 15.02 17.95 17.95 18.53 19.73 19.73 18.00 18.16 19.73 11.42 16.30 12.92 16.27 1972 ... 15.94 17.25 14.51 17.29 11.89 20.55 18.59 18.64 20.55 20.55 19.17 18.55 18.55 16.93 1973 ... 18.79 1974 ... 15.49 18.96 12.59 21.76 18.30 19.84 21.76 21.76 20.73 20.06 20.06 20.93 1975 ... 20.31 16.50 21.64 14.49 25.04 25.30 22.32 25.04 25.04 23.93 22.86 22.86 20.32 27.03 21.82 21.96 17.37 24.03 15.57 26.91 1976 ... 23.93 26.91 26.91 25.68 24.62 24.62 29.12 26.59 26.59 27.72 29.12 29.12 25.86 1977 ... 29.12 16.85 25.45 18.34 23.89 23.51 27.78 25.80 28.60 28.60 29.72 31.19 31.19 25.32 31.19 31.19 18.05 27.36 19.62 1978 ... 27.32 20.77 29.62 20.86 34.02 34.02 30.25 34.02 34.02 32.17 31.02 31.02 1979 ... 27.31 30.76 29.19 22.25 33.20 39.26 37.63 1980 ... 33.70 37.63 37.63 35.75 36.08 36.08 37.63 40.19 1981 ... 31.75 25.37 36.92 45.36 41.62 41.62 37.47 41.62 41.62 39.68 40.19 34.51 44.78 44.78 1982 ... 32.58 29.49 39.35 50.43 38.08 44.17 42.21 44.78 44.78 43.60 44.17 45.99 46.05 46.57 46.57 45.49 46.57 46.57 45.18 41.63 30.83 34.35 1983 ... 40.07 45.99 1984 ... 41.76 47.67 47.67 48.34 48.34 35.74 48.34 48.34 48.34 38.94 43.04 32.32 48.34 36.96 34.00 36.12 49.99 49.99 49.99 49.99 49.99 49.99 49.08 49.08 43.50 1985 ... 50.19 44.86 1986 ... 37.76 35.47 31.30 51.39 51.39 51.39 51.39 51.39 51.39 50.19 52.77 51.34 40.11 36.26 28.74 52.77 1987 ... 52.77 52.77 52.77 52.77 51.34 46.12 1988 ... 42.66 38.05 24.09 54.36 54.36 54.36 54.36 54.36 54.36 52.63 52.63 47.69 49.70 1989 ... 45.33 39.42 24.11 56.64 56.64 56.64 56.64 56.64 56.64 54.72 54.72 58.96 56.64 47.56 41.57 21.51 58.96 1990 ... 58.96 58.96 58.96 58.96 56.64 51.06 61.50 61.50 61.50 61.50 61.50 59.91 59.91 52.94 1991 ... 40.27 61.50 49.45 43.58 63.34 1992 ... 61.42 61.42 63.34 63.34 63.34 55.07 63.34 63.34 26.86 45.10 51.51 55.82 60.74 64.86 64.86 64.86 64.86 64.86 64.86 32.41 35.33 27.23 47.32 53.48 1993 ... 62.92 66.16 48.54 54.84 57.00 64.32 61.70 66.16 66.16 1994 ... 66.16 66.16 66.16 33.06 35.91 31.07 1995 ... 67.42 67.42 67.42 67.42 67.42 65.24 67.42 34.61 37.48 27.22 49.75 56.19 62.62 57.97 63.74 66.60 59.12 1996 ... 57.54 50.95 28.74 38.92 36.17 68.77 68.77 68.77 68.77 68.77 68.77 60.81 37.22 1997 ... 59.26 52.47 29.12 40.04 70.00 70.00 70.00 70.00 70.00 70.00 65.29 68.05 70.49 68.91 60.92 53.94 34.85 41.19 38.33 1998 ... 70.49 70.49 70.49 70.49 70.49 62.33 66.21 71.06 66.63 69.25 63.50 1999 ... 63.12 55.89 31.79 42.29 39.60 71.06 71.06 71.06 71.06 71.06 72.05 2000 ... 58.57 23.75 43.76 41.06 72.05 66.15 72.05 72.05 72.05 72.05 67.59 70.06 65.41 73.42 67.35 2001 ... 68.59 60.73 38.68 45.21 42.71 73.42 73.42 73.42 73.42 73.42 69.32 72.08 74.01 69.30 70.12 74.01 74.01 74.01 74.01 72.56 74.01 45.61 48.02 38.30 64.93 71.75 2002 ... 70.80 74.75 73.02 70.76 74.75 74.75 74.75 74.75 48.71 51.15 32.17 58.02 67.98 74.69 2003 ... 74.75 76.24 76.24 76.24 72.94 74.91 73.07 2004 ... 77.75 70.80 60.46 34.85 54.56 51.97 76.24 76.24 76.24 Chapter 5 Table 5-9 68

76 Table 5-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Base Year = 2019) Excluding Pay, Fuel and Medical Defense Total DHP Total Civilian Military Retired Total Milcon Other Excluding Excluding MERHFC Health Fuel Fiscal Year Dept of Operation Procure- Pay Pay Pay Non-Pay Military Total & Fam RDT&E Pay & Med Pay & Fuel Program Defense & Maint ment Personnel Housing 78.09 76.13 73.28 58.05 80.48 55.40 78.38 2005 ... 78.38 78.38 78.38 78.38 78.38 63.00 76.16 66.64 80.81 78.83 82.97 75.55 65.58 81.96 61.65 59.06 2006 ... 80.81 80.81 80.81 80.81 80.80 78.94 80.83 82.99 82.99 81.05 82.99 82.99 82.99 82.99 82.99 63.08 65.49 83.11 68.27 77.59 84.80 2007 ... 81.25 84.98 83.94 85.43 83.78 2008 ... 87.76 80.30 71.20 112.28 69.56 67.18 84.98 84.98 84.98 84.98 84.98 71.34 85.27 84.85 86.26 86.26 86.26 86.25 86.26 86.04 73.48 77.25 73.34 83.43 86.26 91.19 2009 ... 86.94 86.27 2010 ... 86.91 93.01 86.27 75.91 96.79 77.82 75.91 86.95 86.94 86.95 86.95 86.95 87.14 88.68 93.01 87.48 78.19 120.21 80.22 78.19 2011 ... 88.68 88.69 88.69 88.69 88.68 88.34 89.25 88.69 90.28 90.16 91.03 90.27 90.28 2012 ... 93.01 88.88 81.00 123.94 82.71 81.00 90.28 90.28 90.28 90.28 91.64 92.64 91.85 91.64 91.64 91.64 91.64 91.63 91.75 83.27 84.94 134.35 83.27 90.39 93.01 2013 ... 93.01 93.19 93.97 92.96 93.01 93.01 93.01 85.18 86.45 130.46 85.18 91.47 93.66 2014 ... 93.01 93.01 94.03 94.03 94.03 94.04 94.71 93.83 2015 ... 94.60 92.39 87.40 122.76 88.46 87.40 94.03 94.03 94.03 95.16 2016 ... 94.93 94.55 95.16 95.16 95.16 95.16 94.53 95.16 90.46 91.40 84.95 90.46 93.50 95.74 96.78 96.32 96.78 96.78 93.26 94.02 90.05 93.26 95.27 97.55 2017 ... 96.78 96.33 96.62 96.78 96.78 98.33 98.28 99.50 97.47 96.43 100.40 96.99 96.43 2018 ... 98.33 98.33 98.33 98.33 98.33 98.26 98.36 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 100.00 101.90 101.97 102.01 101.90 101.90 101.90 101.90 101.90 101.84 103.80 103.38 99.20 102.20 101.50 2020 ... 103.80 103.94 103.94 103.94 104.20 103.86 104.14 2021 ... 103.63 104.35 107.85 99.99 107.06 107.85 103.94 103.94 103.94 106.02 106.54 105.92 106.02 106.02 106.02 106.02 106.02 106.42 112.05 110.87 101.99 112.05 106.54 105.80 2022 ... 108.14 108.14 108.14 108.98 108.03 108.78 108.14 108.14 108.14 116.42 114.82 104.44 116.42 108.77 108.03 2023 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-9 69

77 Table 5-10: CHRONOLOGY OF SELECTED INFLATION PROFILES (Percent Change) Fiscal Year Forecast Date 1998 2005 1999 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2004 2003 2002 2001 2006 2000 2007 Department of Defense Budget Authority 2.2 Mar-93 ... 2.9 2.9 Jan-94 ... 2.9 2.9 Jan-95 ... 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 Jan-96 ... 2.3 Jan-97 ... 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 Jan-98 ... 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.6 2.7 Jan-99 ... 2.5 2.4 Jan-00 ... 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.8 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.3 Jan-01 ... 2.2 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.4 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.4 2.5 2.2 3.0 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4 Jan-02 ... 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 Jan-03 ... 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 Jan-04 ... 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.8 2.0 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.5 Jan-05 ... 2.9 2.8 2.3 2.9 3.1 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.5 Jan-06 ... 3.2 3.2 3.4 Jan-07 ... 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 3.0 2.6 3.0 3.8 3.2 4.1 3.3 2.6 3.0 2.4 2.4 2.4 3.3 2.5 2.7 3.2 2.6 2.6 2.7 Jan-08 ... 2.5 3.4 3.1 4.0 3.4 2.6 2.7 1.6 1.9 Feb-09 ... 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.6 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.7 3.3 4.1 3.3 2.7 2.9 1.3 2.1 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 Feb-10 ... 2.9 2.8 2.6 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.3 2.7 2.9 1.3 2.1 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.6 2.7 2.8 Feb-11 ... 3.3 2.7 4.2 3.3 1.5 3.3 2.7 3.0 1.3 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.5 3.3 1.7 1.8 Feb-12 ... 2.8 2.7 2.6 3.2 2.6 4.2 1.4 3.3 3.2 2.7 2.9 1.4 2.5 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.7 4.2 1.7 1.9 2.1 1.7 4.0 2.5 2.7 2.8 Mar-13 ... 3.4 3.2 3.3 4.2 3.2 2.7 3.0 1.4 2.4 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.7 Mar-14 ... 2.0 2.8 2.7 2.5 3.4 2.3 1.9 2.4 3.3 4.1 3.3 2.6 2.9 1.4 2.3 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 Feb-15 ... 2.8 2.7 2.5 3.4 3.2 3.2 1.2 4.1 3.3 2.6 2.8 1.5 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.7 2.4 1.1 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 Feb-16 ... 2.8 2.7 2.5 3.2 3.3 1.2 3.3 4.0 3.3 2.6 2.8 1.6 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.7 3.1 1.1 1.0 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.4 2.7 2.8 Mar-17 ... 3.3 2.5 3.3 3.1 4.0 3.3 2.6 2.8 1.6 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 Mar-18 ... 2.8 2.7 2.5 3.4 Department of Defense Outlays 2.2 Mar-93 ... 2.8 Jan-94 ... 2.8 Jan-95 ... 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.4 Jan-96 ... 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.6 Jan-97 ... 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.0 Jan-98 ... 2.2 2.7 Jan-99 ... 1.9 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.4 2.4 Jan-00 ... 1.8 2.2 2.8 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.9 2.6 1.8 1.9 Jan-01 ... 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 Jan-02 ... 2.1 3.2 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 Jan-03 ... 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 2.3 2.8 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 1.9 3.0 2.6 1.8 1.9 Jan-04 ... 2.5 2.3 2.9 2.9 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 Jan-05 ... 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 2.3 Jan-06 ... 3.5 3.0 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.3 3.0 4.0 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 1.8 1.9 Jan-07 ... 2.9 2.8 3.5 2.5 2.3 4.0 2.8 3.0 2.4 2.4 2.4 3.5 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.6 1.8 1.9 Jan-08 ... 2.9 2.3 2.9 Feb-09 ... 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.8 1.6 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 3.5 2.8 2.9 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 1.4 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.1 3.0 2.6 1.8 1.9 Feb-10 ... 2.0 2.8 2.3 2.9 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 1.5 1.4 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 Feb-11 ... 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.7 3.5 2.6 1.8 1.9 Feb-12 ... 2.3 2.9 2.3 1.4 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 2.1 1.7 2.1 1.7 2.8 1.7 1.9 2.1 Mar-13 ... 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 1.3 2.8 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.6 2.9 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.0 3.0 2.6 1.8 1.9 Mar-14 ... 2.3 2.8 2.3 2.9 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.0 Feb-15 ... 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 1.0 2.8 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.3 2.9 1.0 1.6 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Feb-16 ... 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 2.3 2.9 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.0 0.7 2.1 2.0 Mar-17 ... 1.9 1.8 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.8 2.9 3.5 4.0 2.8 3.2 1.6 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.0 0.7 2.3 2.0 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 3.0 2.6 1.8 1.9 Mar-18 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-10 70

78 Table 5-10: CHRONOLOGY OF SELECTED INFLATION PROFILES (Continued) (Percent Change) Fiscal Year Forecast Date 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 1998 2001 2002 2003 1999 2000 1 Gross Domestic Product 2.2 Mar-93 ... 3.0 Jan-94 ... 3.0 Jan-95 ... 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 Jan-96 ... 2.6 2.6 Jan-97 ... 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 Jan-98 ... 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.3 2.1 2.0 1.2 Jan-99 ... 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.3 1.3 Jan-00 ... 2.0 2.1 2.1 Jan-01 ... 1.4 1.4 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.3 1.9 Jan-02 ... 1.4 2.1 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.4 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.9 1.3 1.4 Jan-03 ... 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.5 Jan-04 ... 1.9 2.0 1.2 1.3 2.0 2.3 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 Jan-05 ... 1.2 1.3 2.0 2.4 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.8 Jan-06 ... 1.2 1.3 2.0 2.4 1.9 2.6 3.0 3.1 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 Jan-07 ... 1.2 1.3 2.0 2.4 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.6 3.3 2.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 3.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.4 2.0 1.3 1.2 Jan-08 ... 2.0 2.6 3.2 3.4 2.7 2.4 1.5 1.0 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.8 Feb-09 ... 1.2 1.3 2.0 2.4 1.9 2.1 2.9 3.3 3.4 1.6 2.3 1.5 0.9 1.1 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 Feb-10 ... 1.3 1.3 2.0 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.4 3.4 3.0 2.3 1.3 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.3 1.3 Feb-11 ... 2.6 1.6 3.3 2.5 1.8 3.4 3.0 2.3 1.4 0.9 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.8 1.8 Feb-12 ... 1.3 1.3 2.0 2.3 1.7 3.3 1.9 2.0 3.4 3.0 2.3 1.3 1.0 2.1 1.8 2.1 1.9 3.3 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 2.3 2.0 1.3 1.3 Mar-13 ... 2.5 1.9 2.5 3.1 3.3 2.7 2.1 1.2 0.9 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 Mar-14 ... 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.4 1.6 1.9 Feb-15 ... 3.1 3.3 2.7 2.1 1.2 0.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.4 1.6 2.5 1.9 1.6 3.1 3.3 2.7 2.1 1.2 0.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 Feb-16 ... 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.4 2.5 1.2 1.6 3.1 3.3 2.7 2.1 1.2 0.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.2 2.5 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.1 1.3 1.2 Mar-17 ... 1.9 1.6 1.9 2.5 3.1 3.3 2.7 2.1 1.2 0.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.2 1.2 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 Mar-18 ... 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.4 2 Consumer Price Index 2.7 Mar-93 ... 3.4 Jan-94 ... 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.2 Jan-95 ... 2.8 2.9 2.8 Jan-96 ... 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 Jan-97 ... 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.2 Jan-98 ... 2.2 2.3 Jan-99 ... 1.6 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 Jan-00 ... 1.9 2.7 2.4 2.5 1.4 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.3 1.9 1.4 Jan-01 ... 3.4 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 1.4 1.9 3.3 3.2 Jan-02 ... 2.3 1.7 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 Jan-03 ... 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 1.2 2.0 1.2 2.3 1.7 2.0 2.3 2.5 1.4 2.4 2.7 1.9 1.4 Jan-04 ... 1.5 2.3 2.2 2.8 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 Jan-05 ... 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 1.2 2.3 Jan-06 ... 3.4 3.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 1.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.7 2.0 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.7 1.9 1.4 Jan-07 ... 2.2 1.2 3.4 2.3 2.3 3.8 2.2 3.2 2.1 2.3 2.3 3.4 2.3 1.2 2.4 2.7 1.9 1.4 Jan-08 ... 2.2 2.3 2.2 Feb-09 ... 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.9 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 1.2 3.4 1.2 2.2 3.4 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 1.4 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.7 1.9 1.4 Feb-10 ... 1.9 1.2 2.3 2.2 3.4 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 1.4 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 Feb-11 ... 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 1.2 2.4 3.4 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 3.0 2.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.7 1.9 1.4 Feb-12 ... 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 3.0 2.6 2.0 2.2 3.4 2.2 2.2 2.2 1.2 2.2 Mar-13 ... 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.2 3.4 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 3.0 2.6 1.6 1.4 Mar-14 ... 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 1.2 1.9 1.2 2.2 3.4 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 3.0 2.6 1.6 2.3 1.3 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.7 1.9 1.4 Feb-15 ... 1.5 1.2 2.3 2.2 3.4 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 3.0 2.6 1.6 1.5 -0.2 1.0 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.3 Feb-16 ... 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 0.6 1.2 3.4 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 3.0 2.6 1.6 1.5 -0.2 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 Mar-17 ... 1.4 2.4 2.7 1.9 1.2 2.3 2.2 3.4 3.8 2.2 4.8 -0.8 2.2 3.0 2.6 1.6 1.5 -0.2 0.6 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 Mar-18 ... 1.4 1.9 2.7 2.4 1. Calculated from OMB Historical Table 10-1 (Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables). 2. CPI-W index, provided by OMB. Chapter 5 Table 5-10 71

79 Table 5-11: OUTLAY RATES FOR INCREMENTAL CHANGES IN BUDGET AUTHORITY PURCHASES (As Percent of BA Purchases; Excludes Pay and Fuel Factors) First Third Second Fourth Tenth Fifth Ninth Sixth Eighth Seventh Appropriation Account Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Military Personnel 5.55 Military Personnel, Army ... 70.63 23.82 Military Personnel, Navy ... 12.07 2.30 85.63 81.76 15.59 2.65 Military Personnel, Marine Corps ... Military Personnel, Air Force ... 82.54 17.46 52.57 32.80 Reserve Personnel, Army ... 14.63 20.50 79.50 Reserve Personnel, Navy ... 21.67 Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps ... 78.33 Reserve Personnel, Air Force ... 75.18 21.72 3.10 32.51 National Guard Personnel, Army ... 67.49 86.00 National Guard Personnel, Air Force ... 14.00 Operation and Maintenance 17.44 Operation and Maintenance, Army ... 32.69 1.68 45.89 2.30 2.04 8.65 34.60 52.82 Operation and Maintenance, Navy ... 1.89 1.44 1.45 Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps ... 42.32 44.70 10.09 5.73 Operation and Maintenance, Air Force ... 36.13 42.09 14.41 1.64 14.46 1.37 34.42 47.68 Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide ... 2.07 3.00 3.01 Office of the Inspector General ... 39.96 54.03 9.45 44.18 41.87 Operation and Maintenance, Army Reserve ... 2.91 1.59 1.93 33.42 61.44 Operation and Maintenance, Navy Reserve ... 0.90 2.31 1.11 Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps Reserve ... 3.32 8.85 38.71 48.01 Operation and Maintenance, Air Force Reserve ... 51.56 40.37 5.05 1.21 1.81 1.91 Operation and Maintenance, Army National Guard ... 37.49 45.15 13.02 2.43 3.39 1.19 1.69 Operation and Maintenance, Air National Guard ... 54.22 37.31 2.20 10.00 3.50 1.50 25.00 40.00 Overseas Contingency Operations ... 20.00 10.93 6.56 4.36 Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces ... 56.29 21.86 15.16 37.90 36.84 Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug ... 7.58 2.52 2.42 11.01 1.58 23.72 61.27 Defense Health Program ... 5.00 40.00 40.00 Environmental Restoration ... 15.00 32.00 22.00 7.00 2.50 1.60 Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid ... 8.00 26.90 11.00 22.00 9.00 2.50 42.00 13.50 Cooperative Threat Reduction ... Chapter 5 Table 5-11 72

80 Table 5-11: OUTLAY RATES FOR INCREMENTAL CHANGES IN BUDGET AUTHORITY PURCHASES (Continued) (As Percent of BA Purchases; Excludes Pay and Fuel Factors) First Third Second Fourth Tenth Fifth Ninth Sixth Eighth Seventh Appropriation Account Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Procurement, Army 14.90 1.10 1.00 8.00 Aircraft Procurement, Army ... 39.00 7.00 27.90 1.10 1.70 0.50 0.60 18.00 30.60 34.00 9.00 Missile Procurement, Army ... 5.60 5.80 2.30 0.50 0.70 Weapons and Tracked Combat Vehicles ... 7.00 31.90 30.70 21.10 6.10 Procurement of Ammunition, Army ... 1.80 1.10 8.00 34.70 32.60 13.20 2.50 7.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 28.90 41.10 14.00 Other Procurement, Army ... 4.00 8.50 4.20 2.50 Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction ... 37.00 31.90 15.90 Procurement, Navy 32.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 2.00 Aircraft Procurement, Navy ... 14.00 31.00 12.00 12.80 30.20 1.50 1.00 17.00 Weapons Procurement, Navy ... 7.50 26.50 3.50 21.00 4.00 2.00 1.00 29.30 27.40 8.30 Procurement of Ammunition, Navy and MC ... 7.00 17.70 13.00 9.00 6.00 2.00 1.00 Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy ... 5.40 24.40 20.50 1.00 20.50 13.00 9.00 6.00 2.00 1.00 1.00 National Sea-Based Deterrence ... 5.40 17.70 24.40 7.00 4.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 21.00 21.00 Other Procurement, Navy ... 42.00 27.20 10.90 3.50 1.40 1.00 1.00 Procurement, Marine Corps ... 13.00 42.00 Procurement, Air Force 24.20 8.00 5.80 1.50 1.00 Aircraft Procurement, Air Force ... 6.30 30.10 23.10 15.80 33.00 2.00 1.70 7.50 15.00 Missile Procurement, Air Force ... 20.00 5.00 12.80 7.00 2.00 1.70 20.00 29.00 18.00 Space Procurement, Air Force ... 9.50 16.00 10.00 4.00 2.00 1.00 Procurement of Ammunition, Air Force ... 2.00 30.00 35.00 3.00 26.00 1.00 1.00 Other Procurement, Air Force ... 62.00 5.00 2.00 Procurement, Defense-Wide 22.00 2.00 1.00 53.00 5.00 17.00 Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat ... Procurement, Defense-Wide ... 6.00 2.40 1.00 20.00 35.00 23.00 12.60 30.80 25.50 16.90 7.00 2.50 1.00 National Guard and Reserve Equipment ... 1.30 15.00 15.00 20.00 55.00 Defense Production Act Purchases ... 5.00 5.00 Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation 14.18 3.04 1.13 1.12 35.90 4.28 40.35 RDT&E, Army ... 4.70 1.25 1.10 1.56 24.86 56.20 RDT&E, Navy ... 10.33 9.27 1.29 1.19 0.75 1.08 RDT&E, Air Force ... 48.27 38.15 8.03 1.13 0.72 0.94 1.54 41.20 46.44 RDT&E, Defense-Wide ... 4.60 2.80 1.40 0.90 1.00 Operational Test and Evaluation ... 50.00 39.30 Chapter 5 Table 5-11 73

81 Table 5-11: OUTLAY RATES FOR INCREMENTAL CHANGES IN BUDGET AUTHORITY PURCHASES (Continued) (As Percent of BA Purchases; Excludes Pay and Fuel Factors) First Third Second Fourth Tenth Fifth Ninth Sixth Eighth Seventh Appropriation Account Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Military Construction 15.00 6.00 4.50 2.00 1.50 3.00 Military Construction, Army ... 22.00 10.00 28.00 8.00 23.00 10.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 6.00 27.00 15.00 2.00 Military Construction, Navy & Marine Corps ... 12.00 7.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 Military Construction, Air Force ... 1.00 2.00 30.00 30.00 16.00 2.00 18.00 11.00 8.50 4.00 2.00 1.00 Military Construction, Defense-Wide ... 2.50 15.00 15.00 23.00 7.00 5.00 2.00 1.00 10.00 20.00 40.00 NATO Security Investment Program ... 15.00 10.50 8.30 6.80 4.00 3.40 Military Construction, Army National Guard ... 1.00 2.00 27.00 36.00 1.00 33.00 7.00 3.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 1.00 Military Construction, Air National Guard ... 2.00 41.00 10.00 17.00 29.00 2.50 2.00 1.00 1.50 3.00 Military Construction, Army Reserve ... 9.00 29.00 6.00 0.90 18.00 2.00 1.00 0.50 5.60 30.00 27.00 2.00 Military Construction, Navy Reserve ... 13.00 19.00 12.00 8.00 2.30 1.50 Military Construction, Air Force Reserve ... 1.00 1.20 22.00 32.00 1.00 23.00 7.00 4.00 3.00 1.10 0.30 0.60 Chemical Demilitarization Construction ... 5.00 40.00 16.00 9.00 4.50 2.50 2.00 1.00 1.00 25.60 36.00 Base Realignment and Closure, Army ... 18.40 12.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.50 1.00 1.00 Base Realignment and Closure, Navy ... 29.00 46.50 15.00 23.00 2.00 1.50 1.50 45.00 Base Realignment and Closure, Air Force ... 9.00 3.00 8.30 36.10 1.50 22.00 Base Realignment and Closure, DW ... 4.00 26.10 2.00 5.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 10.00 4.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 FY 2005 BRAC, Army ... FY 2005 BRAC, Navy ... 3.00 2.00 1.00 1.00 30.00 25.00 18.00 14.00 6.00 14.00 FY 2005 BRAC, Air Force ... 3.00 2.00 1.00 1.00 30.00 25.00 18.00 6.00 18.00 6.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 1.00 FY 2005 BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 30.00 25.00 14.00 Family Housing 2.00 18.00 6.00 3.00 28.00 1.00 2.00 Family Housing Construction, Army ... 5.00 35.00 14.20 8.74 1.42 0.77 Family Housing O&M, Army ... 50.83 24.04 34.00 15.00 7.00 4.00 3.00 1.50 1.00 6.00 Family Housing Construction, Navy and MC ... 16.00 12.50 2.28 1.27 8.45 1.14 Family Housing O&M, Navy and MC ... 55.22 31.64 20.00 15.00 8.00 5.00 4.00 Family Housing Construction, Air Force ... 3.00 5.00 12.00 25.00 3.00 19.11 8.99 4.50 2.81 32.04 32.55 Family Housing O&M, Air Force ... 20.00 14.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 1.00 Family Housing Construction, Defense-Wide ... 10.00 40.00 9.00 0.80 1.00 4.00 14.20 71.00 Family Housing O&M, Defense-Wide ... National Defense Sealift Fund ... 12.00 6.00 4.00 2.00 1.00 30.00 25.00 20.00 Chapter 5 Table 5-11 74

82 Table 5-12: MILITARY AND CIVILIAN PAY INCREASES SINCE 1945 (Percent Change) 1 1 Military Pay Raise Military Pay Raise Effective Date Effective Date Civilian Pay Raise Civilian Pay Raise 11.7 Oct 1, 1980 ... 15.9 Jul 1, 1945 ... 9.1 Jul 1, 1946 ... 23.7 Oct 1, 1981 ... 14.3 14.3 14.2 4.0 4.0 Oct 1, 1982 ... 11.0 Jul 1, 1948 ... 4.0 4.0 Jan 1, 1984 ... Oct 1, 1949 ... 21.6 4.0 Jan 1, 1985 ... 4.1 Oct 28, 1949 ... 3.5 10.0 Oct 1, 1985 ... 3.0 Jul 1, 1951 ... 3.0 May 1, 1952 ... 10.9 Jan 1, 1987 ... 3.0 2.0 2.0 Jan 1, 1988 ... 7.5 Mar 1, 1955 ... 4.1 Jan 1, 1989 ... 2.8 Apr 1, 1955 ... 4.1 Jan 1, 1958 ... 10.0 Jan 1, 1990 ... 3.6 3.6 Jan 1, 1991 ... Jun 1, 1958 ... 6.3 4.1 4.1 Jul 1, 1960 ... Jan 1, 1992 ... 4.2 4.2 7.7 3.7 Jan 1, 1993 ... 5.5 Oct 14, 1962 ... 3.7 Oct 1, 1963 ... 2.2 Jan 1, 1994 ... 3.6 8.4 2.6 Jan 1, 1995 ... 4.1 Jan 5, 1964 ... 2.6 Jul 1, 1964 ... 4.2 Jan 1, 1996 ... 2.4 2.4 3.0 Sep 1, 1964 ... 1.4 Jan 1, 1997 ... 3.0 Sep 1, 1965 ... Jan 1, 1998 ... 2.8 6.4 2.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 Oct 1, 1965 ... Jan 1, 1999 ... 4.8 4.8 Jul 1, 1966 ... 2.8 2.9 Jan 1, 2000 ... 3.7 Jan 1, 2001 ... 4.5 4.5 Oct 1, 1967 ... 3.7 2 6.9 Jan 1, 2002 ... 4.9 4.9 4.6 Jul 1, 1968 ... 2 4.1 Jul 1, 1969 ... 4.7 Jan 1, 2003 ... 9.1 9.1 2 6.0 Jan 1, 2004 ... 4.15 6.0 Jan 1, 1970 ... 4.1 3.5 Jan 1, 1971 ... 6.0 6.0 Jan 1, 2005 ... 3.5 Nov 14, 1971 ... 13.1 Jan 1, 2006 ... 3.1 3.1 3 2.2 5.5 Jan 1, 2007 ... 5.5 2.2 Jan 1, 1972 ... 3.5 3.5 Jan 1, 2008 ... 5.1 Jan 1, 1973 ... 5.1 3.9 3.9 Oct 1, 1973 ... 4.8 4.8 Jan 1, 2009 ... 3.4 Jan 1, 2010 ... 5.5 5.5 Oct 1, 1974 ... 2.0 0.0 Oct 1, 1975 ... 5.0 5.0 Jan 1, 2011 ... 1.4 0.0 4.8 Oct 1, 1976 ... 4.8 Jan 1, 2012 ... 1.6 1.7 Jan 1, 2013 ... 7.0 Oct 1, 1977 ... 7.0 0.5 Oct 1, 1978 ... 5.5 5.5 Apr 7, 2013 ... 7.0 1.0 Oct 1, 1979 ... 7.0 1.0 Jan 1, 2014 ... 1. Civilian pay raise for General Schedule employees. 2. Reflects the average of both across-the-board and targeted pay raise rates. 3. Excludes selected targeted increases for certain warrant officers and mid-grade/senior enlisted personnel. Chapter 5 Table 5-12 75

83 Table 5-12: MILITARY AND CIVILIAN PAY INCREASES SINCE 1945 (Continued) (Percent Change) Civilian Pay Raise* Military Pay Raise Effective Date Effective Date Civilian Pay Raise* Military Pay Raise 2.1 2.1 Jan 1, 2020 ... 1.0 1.0 Jan 1, 2015 ... Jan 1, 2016 ... 1.3 1.3 Jan 1, 2021 ... 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 Jan 1, 2017 ... 2.1 2.1 Jan 1, 2022 ... Jan 1, 2023 ... 2.1 Jan 1, 2018 ... 2.4 1.9 2.1 0.0 2.6 Jan 1, 2019 ... Civilian pay raise for General Schedule employees. * Chapter 5 Table 5-12 76

84 Table 5-13: CIVILIAN PAY DEFLATORS BY CATEGORY (Base Year = 2019) Foreign Foreign General Total Total Fiscal Year Wage Board Total US Nationals Nationals Schedule Civilian Pay Direct Hires (Direct Hire) (Indirect Hire) 7.36 11.71 13.83 16.94 1970 ... 14.22 14.56 7.36 15.37 15.02 9.03 9.03 15.64 12.85 17.82 1971 ... 1972 ... 9.12 16.27 18.98 14.38 17.07 9.12 16.78 9.21 18.04 9.21 17.25 1973 ... 20.17 15.61 18.28 11.79 1974 ... 11.79 18.79 21.16 17.28 19.61 19.45 13.11 13.11 20.31 21.13 20.97 19.35 22.28 1975 ... 1976 ... 22.58 14.91 21.96 23.31 21.79 22.73 14.91 24.32 19.17 24.23 19.17 1977 ... 24.37 24.24 23.89 26.36 22.13 26.11 22.13 25.80 1978 ... 26.08 26.18 27.51 27.30 25.27 27.32 1979 ... 25.27 27.92 27.48 28.17 28.17 29.19 29.28 29.26 29.60 29.11 1980 ... 1981 ... 31.80 30.96 31.75 31.73 31.96 31.81 30.96 32.52 33.39 32.53 33.39 1982 ... 32.48 32.60 32.58 32.70 31.17 34.50 31.17 34.35 1983 ... 35.54 34.55 36.02 31.72 35.96 34.24 35.74 1984 ... 36.97 31.72 34.67 31.62 37.21 31.62 36.96 38.66 1985 ... 37.30 35.10 37.99 33.76 37.93 33.76 37.76 1986 ... 39.42 37.53 41.51 40.22 38.20 40.11 1987 ... 40.25 38.20 42.70 42.08 42.08 42.66 43.47 1988 ... 40.88 42.69 47.92 47.92 45.33 45.16 45.20 42.83 46.12 1989 ... 1990 ... 47.51 48.63 47.56 48.39 45.17 47.49 48.63 49.38 50.59 49.40 50.59 49.45 1991 ... 50.33 46.83 48.65 51.44 51.46 52.68 51.51 1992 ... 52.41 52.68 53.41 53.43 54.70 53.48 50.54 54.70 1993 ... 54.43 54.77 56.14 54.79 56.14 1994 ... 55.84 51.45 54.84 52.62 56.14 57.29 56.15 57.29 56.19 57.25 1995 ... 53.61 57.49 58.68 57.50 58.68 57.54 1996 ... 58.62 55.06 60.36 59.23 60.41 59.26 1997 ... 59.21 60.41 60.87 60.89 62.11 60.92 56.62 62.11 1998 ... 62.07 63.08 64.36 63.09 64.36 1999 ... 64.31 58.57 63.12 66.02 66.14 66.23 66.14 66.23 66.15 66.17 2000 ... 68.47 68.59 68.67 68.59 68.67 68.59 2001 ... 68.62 71.83 2002 ... 71.75 71.78 71.75 71.73 71.75 71.78 74.73 74.74 74.69 74.74 74.69 74.68 2003 ... 74.69 77.83 77.75 77.80 77.75 77.80 77.75 2004 ... 77.73 Chapter 5 Table 5-13 77

85 Table 5-13: CIVILIAN PAY DEFLATORS BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Base Year = 2019) Foreign Foreign General Total Total Fiscal Year Wage Board Total US Nationals Nationals Schedule Civilian Pay Direct Hires (Direct Hire) (Indirect Hire) 80.52 80.52 80.48 80.47 80.47 2005 ... 80.46 80.56 83.00 82.97 83.00 82.97 2006 ... 82.94 83.11 82.97 84.84 84.79 84.84 84.80 84.79 84.88 84.78 2007 ... 87.76 87.78 87.76 87.78 2008 ... 87.72 87.94 87.76 91.46 91.23 91.19 91.23 91.19 2009 ... 91.14 91.18 93.01 93.01 93.04 93.01 93.29 93.04 2010 ... 92.95 92.98 93.02 92.98 93.02 2011 ... 92.93 93.27 92.98 93.27 92.98 93.02 92.98 93.02 92.98 92.93 2012 ... 93.27 92.97 93.02 92.97 93.02 92.98 2013 ... 92.93 93.43 93.63 93.61 93.95 93.61 2014 ... 93.60 93.95 94.55 94.55 94.88 94.55 94.36 2015 ... 94.57 94.88 95.69 96.12 95.70 96.12 95.70 2016 ... 95.73 95.45 97.07 97.48 97.49 98.14 97.50 2017 ... 97.55 98.14 99.01 100.00 99.44 100.00 99.45 99.50 2018 ... 99.44 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 100.00 101.10 101.60 101.54 102.10 101.55 2020 ... 101.53 102.10 103.22 104.24 103.67 104.24 103.67 103.73 2021 ... 103.66 105.39 105.84 106.43 105.85 106.43 105.85 2022 ... 105.91 108.14 107.60 108.67 108.07 108.67 108.08 108.07 2023 ... Chapter 5 Table 5-13 78

86 Table 5-14: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFLATORS - BUDGET AUTHORITY; BASE, DISCRETIONARY (Base Year = 2019) O&M Revolving & Total DoD Total Military Operation & Military Family Department of Fiscal Year Excluding RDT&E Procurement Management Excluding Maintenance Personnel Construction Housing Defense DHP Funds Medical 2010 ... 87.37 86.45 87.24 87.84 87.40 86.79 87.49 89.66 85.66 86.67 89.05 88.10 87.97 88.99 88.34 89.01 88.47 91.72 86.91 2011 ... 89.63 93.00 89.41 90.35 89.16 2012 ... 90.04 90.46 89.93 88.52 91.11 90.57 92.69 90.68 91.47 90.37 92.14 91.34 91.92 91.43 2013 ... 90.16 94.35 95.18 92.69 92.61 91.62 93.21 93.51 92.97 92.48 2014 ... 91.44 91.91 93.80 94.22 93.73 93.13 94.44 93.23 93.87 93.49 92.50 2015 ... 95.47 94.13 94.74 94.73 95.07 94.59 95.09 95.00 94.51 94.30 2016 ... 93.78 96.08 95.55 96.70 96.28 96.61 96.66 96.25 96.09 2017 ... 96.56 96.38 98.78 98.30 98.40 98.17 98.29 98.46 98.24 98.15 2018 ... 97.61 98.12 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2019 ... 100.00 101.96 101.72 101.98 101.90 101.96 101.89 101.92 101.93 102.02 2020 ... 102.20 103.95 104.22 103.95 104.01 103.87 104.02 104.01 104.18 103.74 2021 ... 104.42 106.55 105.85 106.10 106.04 106.09 105.91 106.03 106.15 106.41 2022 ... 106.68 108.70 108.97 108.22 108.17 108.22 107.96 108.15 108.34 108.01 2023 ... 109.00 NOTE: These deflators are calculated from DoD funding that excludes any war or supplemental funding, as well as mandatory budget authority. Chapter 5 Table 5-14 79

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88 Chapter 6: TOA, BA, Outlay Trends and Program Changes Tables Defense; 1984); Contingencies, FY (until Claims, in useful data series that are this chapter provide in Defense and all costs associated Data elements spending. Defense in trends analyzing Defense; historical of the various activities the with both include Defense BA, TOA and outlays, in current and Defense agencies the to costs were allocated housing Family . constant military category, functional title, law public by dollars, 1985, the departments beginning in FY 1983, and in FY and budgeted costs were pay retired military include totals all . Defense-Wide department military in their Services the by items that are . not accounts personnel military Pay, Retired specific and service, military any to include Tables Page DoD TOA by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 82 6-1 DoD TOA by Category (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 89 6-2 96 DoD TOA by Military Department (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 6-3 103 DoD TOA by Major Force Program – Current Dollars (FY 1962 to FY 2023)... 6-4 DoD TOA by Major Force Program – Constant Dollars (FY 1962 to FY 2023)... 105 6-5 DoD TOA, BA, and Outlays by Appropriation Account – Current Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 107 6-6 DoD TOA, BA, and Outlays by Appropriation Account – Constant Dollars (FY 2017 to FY 2023)... 121 6-7 135 DoD Budget Authority by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 6-8 142 DoD Budget Authority by Category (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 6-9 DoD Budget Authority by Military Department (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 149 6-10 DoD Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 156 6-11 DoD Outlays by Category (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 163 6-12 DoD Outlays by Military Department (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 170 6-13 DoD Civilian Pay – Current Dollars (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 177 6-14 DoD Civilian Pay – Constant Dollars (FY 1970 to FY 2023)... 179 6-15 Army TOA by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 181 6-16 Navy TOA by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 188 6-17 Air Force TOA by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 195 6-18 Army Budget Authority by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 202 6-19 Navy Budget Authority by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 209 6-20 Air Force Budget Authority by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 216 6-21 223 Army Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 6-22 Navy Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 230 6-23 Air Force Outlays by Public Law Title (FY 1948 to FY 2023)... 237 6-24 244 DoD Base, Discretionary BA by Public Law Title (FY 2010 to FY 2023)... 6-25 DoD Base, Discretionary BA by Military Department (FY 2010 to FY 2023)... 246 6-26 Chapter 6 Introduction 81

89 Table 6-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 4,942 12,181 11,190 11,040 10,888 10,945 10,987 4,232 Military Personnel ... 8,522 4,601 11,141 324 331 422 479 511 561 386 Retired Pay, Defense ... 175 193 197 356 13,661 10,884 8,678 8,407 9,195 9,614 10,112 Operation and Maintenance ... 3,881 4,436 4,205 11,676 21,837 28,173 6,469 8,917 11,844 12,221 13,628 Procurement ... 2,995 3,251 4,176 16,481 4,159 1,183 2,243 2,621 3,539 4,381 2,112 553 484 405 RDT&E ... 1,796 1,631 2,087 2,269 1,464 2,338 Military Construction ... 2,048 1,634 215 239 265 2,095 3 Family Housing ... 44 25 42 Revolving and Management Funds ... Trust, Receipts, and Other ... ... Total Current Dollars 57,188 44,283 33,790 11,903 39,724 41,124 30,429 45,173 14,337 13,204 38,065 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 207,743 211,928 198,986 190,504 179,669 181,975 173,246 Military Personnel ... 90,895 99,050 97,257 154,110 3,801 3,360 4,684 4,824 5,122 5,258 5,724 Retired Pay, Defense ... 3,064 3,578 3,650 4,033 110,366 136,902 113,812 106,852 109,837 110,304 137,277 63,430 69,600 66,072 Operation and Maintenance ... 162,980 194,233 262,654 153,931 61,885 78,588 102,275 102,134 114,755 Procurement ... 31,795 33,065 41,188 11,871 17,297 22,821 28,424 33,273 31,412 RDT&E ... 4,652 4,705 5,676 20,155 20,683 11,788 18,800 15,689 15,092 12,098 17,664 17,872 Military Construction ... 1,931 2,092 2,262 13,753 340 189 32 292 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... Trust, Receipts, and Other ... ... Total Constant Dollars 546,124 411,839 421,801 441,204 448,068 447,894 198,409 211,873 213,392 514,519 672,139 Percent Real Growth (%) 2.0 -4.3 -5.7 1.3 -4.8 Military Personnel ... 9.0 -1.8 58.5 34.8 -6.1 2.0 16.1 6.2 2.7 8.9 4.1 3.0 6.5 9.7 Retired Pay, Defense ... 6.1 -15.8 -17.1 -6.1 2.8 0.4 0.1 Operation and Maintenance ... 5.3 -8.9 115.8 19.0 -41.4 35.2 30.1 -0.1 12.4 371.6 24.6 4.0 Procurement ... -59.8 27.0 109.1 16.5 24.6 17.1 -5.6 45.7 10.3 20.6 1.1 RDT&E ... 2.6 6.4 -37.3 51.6 -12.2 -3.8 -19.8 Military Construction ... 8.3 8.1 508.0 28.4 Total Real Growth ... 0.7 2.4 4.6 1.6 0.0 30.6 141.1 -18.7 6.8 -24.6 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-1 82

90 Table 6-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 11,356 12,983 13,430 15,455 18,236 19,961 21,385 11,294 12,158 Military Personnel ... 11,241 12,042 896 1,015 1,592 1,831 2,093 2,443 1,386 Retired Pay, Defense ... 635 693 788 1,211 11,467 11,693 12,563 15,378 19,365 20,950 22,290 Operation and Maintenance ... 10,214 10,329 10,671 11,562 16,194 16,026 14,111 22,012 23,277 22,528 22,245 Procurement ... 13,118 11,137 14,238 15,028 7,730 6,269 6,433 6,885 7,225 7,263 7,053 6,366 5,476 5,144 RDT&E ... 7,028 915 1,286 977 1,063 2,595 1,217 1,557 1,142 Military Construction ... 1,748 1,350 1,115 440 602 575 613 439 612 518 Family Housing ... 42 32 108 556 Revolving and Management Funds ... Trust, Receipts, and Other ... ... Total Current Dollars 49,420 49,547 64,531 42,193 74,965 77,752 49,560 48,434 44,643 40,257 71,590 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 173,696 174,311 174,253 182,556 203,978 212,148 213,626 Military Personnel ... 167,367 164,511 163,980 177,419 9,859 6,663 12,720 13,986 15,514 17,161 19,007 Retired Pay, Defense ... 6,052 7,599 8,632 11,309 160,474 110,557 109,567 126,443 150,385 158,090 107,195 103,974 105,627 107,704 Operation and Maintenance ... 107,774 130,771 127,820 115,658 105,381 152,193 155,286 142,463 134,915 Procurement ... 110,060 92,382 118,363 44,671 49,495 45,504 46,194 45,032 46,129 RDT&E ... 37,866 39,704 45,327 49,184 43,988 6,964 6,668 7,334 8,929 6,311 8,924 15,908 Military Construction ... 6,598 8,134 9,896 12,833 4,240 Family Housing ... 4,134 2,924 3,877 3,229 284 217 715 3,210 3,967 4,005 Revolving and Management Funds ... Trust, Receipts, and Other ... Total Constant Dollars ... 456,879 540,725 581,617 587,700 583,693 468,565 481,859 442,165 419,000 448,091 481,535 Percent Real Growth (%) 8.2 0.4 4.8 11.7 4.0 0.7 0.0 -0.3 -1.7 -3.4 Military Personnel ... -2.1 14.2 14.7 12.5 10.0 10.9 10.6 10.8 Retired Pay, Defense ... 5.7 10.1 14.0 13.6 -2.5 6.3 15.4 18.9 5.1 1.5 -1.6 -1.9 -2.4 Operation and Maintenance ... -0.5 2.2 -8.9 -9.5 2.0 -8.3 -5.3 -2.3 44.4 10.5 28.1 -16.1 -4.1 Procurement ... RDT&E ... -10.6 3.4 1.5 -2.5 2.4 20.5 4.9 14.2 -1.4 10.8 -0.6 35.3 -25.3 4.4 128.4 -53.9 21.7 -29.3 Military Construction ... 6.1 -22.9 -17.8 -18.9 Total Real Growth ... 6.9 -2.5 18.4 7.6 1.0 -0.7 7.5 -0.1 -5.2 -1.3 -2.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-1 83

91 Table 6-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 23,147 24,885 25,430 25,947 27,184 28,650 31,065 23,639 22,978 Military Personnel ... 22,625 24,104 4,392 5,137 8,219 9,173 10,282 11,920 7,326 Retired Pay, Defense ... 2,853 3,389 3,889 6,239 23,865 26,156 28,851 32,015 34,904 37,876 46,612 Operation and Maintenance ... 21,517 20,422 21,254 22,151 18,199 17,437 20,996 27,075 29,948 31,311 35,087 Procurement ... 19,156 17,364 18,491 17,289 13,492 8,020 9,520 10,585 11,503 12,362 8,632 7,584 7,123 7,399 RDT&E ... 8,200 1,550 1,847 1,828 2,147 2,210 1,860 2,535 2,255 Military Construction ... 1,015 1,209 1,262 974 714 1,103 1,254 1,297 1,385 1,605 1,552 Family Housing ... 593 839 1,104 101 220 135 Revolving and Management Funds ... 171 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... ... Total Current Dollars 124,721 72,846 107,567 116,128 76,467 141,983 75,512 78,925 81,693 86,132 95,658 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 149,446 143,774 138,819 134,559 132,005 131,059 131,664 Military Personnel ... 205,335 188,965 169,979 156,324 27,088 30,490 32,295 33,527 34,712 35,902 Retired Pay, Defense ... 20,651 22,174 23,858 25,398 28,832 136,781 125,242 123,309 126,967 127,341 130,247 123,077 129,016 130,827 146,254 Operation and Maintenance ... 121,571 86,131 74,788 66,436 72,861 90,839 91,657 86,485 88,132 Procurement ... 112,185 95,742 95,001 38,405 35,674 35,918 35,929 34,695 34,650 RDT&E ... 42,029 38,425 38,796 34,120 34,022 6,531 5,950 5,160 6,471 5,473 6,566 6,579 6,166 5,614 5,827 5,355 Military Construction ... Family Housing ... 4,853 4,624 4,614 4,740 3,972 3,486 3,925 4,404 4,892 5,198 4,599 Revolving and Management Funds ... 502 755 548 296 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... Total Constant Dollars ... 436,574 432,537 430,781 428,705 442,557 485,884 420,332 406,788 411,387 466,667 535,294 Percent Real Growth (%) -4.4 -3.8 -3.1 -1.9 -0.7 0.5 -3.4 -10.0 -8.0 -3.9 Military Personnel ... -8.0 6.7 6.4 5.8 5.9 3.8 3.5 3.4 Retired Pay, Defense ... 8.6 7.4 7.6 6.5 -2.9 -2.9 3.0 0.3 2.3 5.0 -1.4 -10.5 -8.9 Operation and Maintenance ... 1.2 0.2 9.7 -11.2 0.9 -5.6 1.9 -13.2 24.7 -9.3 -0.8 -14.7 -16.8 Procurement ... RDT&E ... -0.3 5.6 0.0 -3.4 -0.1 -8.9 -8.6 1.0 -1.0 -7.1 -4.4 6.5 -9.4 9.8 0.7 -21.6 25.4 -15.4 Military Construction ... -15.1 8.8 -3.7 9.8 Total Real Growth ... -4.0 1.1 5.1 -0.4 -0.5 1.8 -5.2 -5.0 -9.2 -8.3 -3.2 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-1 84

92 Table 6-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 42,829 68,079 71,695 74,491 76,563 78,448 78,864 83,974 45,638 36, Military Personnel ... 746 48,177 15,954 16,503 Retired Pay, Defense ... 13,724 14,940 76,338 80,316 82,720 55,248 88,531 109,764 Operation and Maintenance ... 62,014 66,760 70,429 77,647 86,623 83,399 90,025 87,301 83,230 Procurement ... 79,412 79,709 71,416 47, 204 63,281 76,614 82,101 26,865 33,470 35,720 36,878 37,306 35,793 30,574 22,789 20,090 16,630 RDT&E ... 34,714 4,204 4,744 5,468 5,107 5,169 5,461 5,680 5,158 5,496 Military Construction ... 3, 403 4,849 2,317 2,624 2,826 2,732 3,132 3,253 3,350 3,165 3,385 Family Housing ... 2, 069 2,630 2,525 347 661 830 722 137 1,871 525 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,554 909 1,497 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... ... Total Current Dollars 310,620 287,806 291,540 291,356 210,667 175,549 235,493 276,173 278,140 282,718 255,271 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 142,019 181,597 Military Personnel ... 186,483 184,362 182,922 180,949 182,641 135, 931 138,330 140,790 184,281 38,343 Retired Pay, Defense ... 37,172 37,971 38,328 199,453 180,973 179,211 Operation and Maintenance ... 178,578 176,549 176,590 168,879 162,894 155,712 145,982 178,370 160,020 168,484 176,468 165,865 152,887 145,209 135,537 131,732 114,912 Procurement ... 109, 494 138,274 56,076 61,886 67,716 65,791 60,816 57,045 RDT&E ... 39,400 45,173 49,335 65,998 68,232 9,931 10,935 9,819 9,860 8,710 9,023 9,838 9,691 9,025 10,652 793 7, Military Construction ... Family Housing ... 5,347 5,926 5,937 5,892 5,383 5,532 4, 841 5,050 5,573 5,445 5,676 3,109 2,913 1,252 1,527 1,275 232 3,042 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,261 775 1,953 5,222 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... Total Constant Dollars ... 571,649 592,942 579,855 564,371 594,306 531,937 620,643 610,924 603,681 567,917 481,874 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.9 27.9 1.2 -1.1 -0.8 -1.1 0.9 1.5 1.8 2 3. Military Personnel ... 1.8 Retired Pay, Defense ... 3.5 2.1 0.9 0.0 7.2 3.7 -0.5 0.1 -1.1 13.0 4.6 6.7 6.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -2.4 1.5 -6.0 4.7 -5.0 -6.7 -2.8 -12.8 5.3 -7.8 15.7 26.3 2 24. Procurement ... 6.6 3.4 -0.8 -2.8 -7.6 -6.2 13.7 14.7 9.2 13.7 RDT&E ... 10.4 9.0 11.2 -9.2 -2.4 1.3 0.4 -11.7 3.6 Military Construction ... 42. 4 36.7 -15.3 Total Real Growth ... 4.6 -1.8 -2.2 -2.7 1.3 4.4 -1.6 6.8 10.4 10.4 -1.2 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-1 85

93 Table 6-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 71,293 70,187 69,686 70,731 73,538 77,251 87,146 81,055 Military Personnel ... 71,473 75,983 69,699 93,989 93,233 102,661 106,791 124,025 142,974 95,856 Operation and Maintenance ... 92,145 90,767 89,091 91,834 43,432 43,149 44,884 50,770 55,502 62,930 63,342 Procurement ... 61,919 53,621 43,761 43,084 34,422 35,115 37,184 38,104 38,753 41,748 48,623 RDT&E ... 37,879 37,677 34,508 36,481 6,745 5,874 5,469 5,148 5,404 5,280 6,003 6,477 3,905 4,988 Military Construction ... 7,358 3,728 4,312 4,122 3,931 3,553 3,601 3,727 3,894 Family Housing ... 3,705 3,822 3,566 1,645 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,411 2,114 1,764 3,369 1,579 2,570 3,504 3,881 2,643 1,903 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 83 Total Current Dollars ... 254,186 259,123 272,729 286,958 269,655 355,378 251,339 254,215 255,052 285,195 316,540 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 132,084 129,041 122,581 120,646 119,630 121,485 129,546 Military Personnel ... 172,237 154,525 141,513 138,417 164,287 172,703 159,679 166,737 170,685 188,715 213,418 Operation and Maintenance ... 167,707 165,135 169,653 158,148 85,831 64,313 64,610 72,065 77,624 86,718 62,807 66,368 82,790 97,466 Procurement ... 63,951 52,129 52,175 53,430 53,802 54,469 54,365 57,615 66,143 RDT&E ... 60,588 59,397 53,335 8,895 10,955 7,385 7,625 7,320 9,146 Military Construction ... 8,009 6,168 9,974 8,853 7,975 5,688 6,028 5,073 5,154 5,311 6,392 5,073 5,632 5,470 5,986 5,923 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 3,198 2,491 4,682 2,159 3,478 5,724 6,188 4,264 2,692 3,016 3,687 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 113 Total Constant Dollars ... 417,532 428,864 439,684 469,167 512,986 421,994 441,732 517,653 487,757 446,058 432,860 Percent Real Growth (%) -2.2 -2.3 -1.6 -0.8 1.6 6.6 -5.0 -8.4 -10.3 -5.7 Military Personnel ... -4.6 -3.2 -3.7 1.0 4.4 2.4 10.6 13.1 Operation and Maintenance ... -15.9 3.0 -4.4 2.7 -0.6 -3.1 11.5 7.7 11.7 -1.0 -19.8 -15.1 -15.2 Procurement ... -1.8 2.9 -2.3 0.1 1.2 -0.2 6.0 14.8 0.7 -10.2 -2.0 6.2 RDT&E ... 2.4 23.2 -19.2 -9.9 -7.4 3.2 -4.0 24.9 Military Construction ... -11.2 -23.0 61.7 -10.8 Total Real Growth ... -5.8 -1.1 2.7 2.5 6.7 9.3 -1.0 -8.5 -2.0 -9.4 -2.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Table 6-1 Chapter 6 86

94 Table 6-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 121,311 137,000 145,183 152,997 153,628 152,623 146,239 109,061 126,665 Military Personnel ... 115,549 130,287 211,636 239,894 291,763 304,248 288,611 256,499 270,550 Operation and Maintenance ... 172,680 177,494 197,848 256,878 134,384 164,684 134,837 135,889 131,472 119,840 103,584 Procurement ... 79,571 83,161 98,549 105,315 72,691 77,589 80,651 80,655 76,135 72,970 64,328 RDT&E ... 58,307 64,367 69,296 79,448 10,345 9,826 26,743 23,379 17,036 12,694 22,423 7,305 6,505 6,592 Military Construction ... 14,373 4,653 4,420 3,461 3,544 2,425 3,415 2,017 1,933 Family Housing ... 4,323 4,260 4,495 5,485 5,386 4,354 4,683 3,157 3,482 2,465 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,488 4,716 3,671 2,850 2 75 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 51 ... Total Current Dollars 603,872 669,279 691,791 652,288 585,393 665,861 536,272 502,476 456,052 433,024 689,092 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 166,652 169,657 174,053 178,313 176,409 172,184 162,004 Military Personnel ... 157,465 162,015 164,684 166,363 294,955 247,714 318,259 334,494 341,116 318,159 277,916 Operation and Maintenance ... 246,156 258,886 267,167 305,048 114,228 129,643 158,003 156,755 149,196 133,979 195,726 124,198 107,567 105,557 Procurement ... 162,192 89,429 93,258 93,547 93,623 92,320 85,545 80,771 70,332 RDT&E ... 77,870 83,813 87,653 12,091 17,379 27,051 19,374 14,238 11,432 Military Construction ... 8,722 8,380 9,183 26,692 31,315 4,142 4,090 3,848 2,233 2,105 5,343 2,781 5,734 5,677 5,564 5,795 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 5,075 5,331 3,569 3,869 2,699 3,319 6,162 4,663 6,775 3,432 6,355 91 2 56 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... Total Constant Dollars ... 784,471 797,046 779,059 725,489 640,716 801,115 677,202 606,443 619,657 654,943 743,301 Percent Real Growth (%) 1.0 1.8 2.4 -1.1 -2.4 -5.9 2.6 1.6 2.9 21.6 Military Personnel ... 0.2 10.4 3.4 4.3 5.1 2.0 -6.7 -12.6 Operation and Maintenance ... 16.1 -0.6 5.2 3.2 25.1 4.4 -0.8 -4.8 -10.2 -14.7 15.5 1.9 23.0 Procurement ... 20.7 -19.3 2.0 4.3 -1.4 -7.3 -5.6 -12.9 0.1 4.6 7.6 17.7 RDT&E ... 0.3 43.7 53.6 17.3 -13.6 -28.4 -26.5 -19.7 Military Construction ... -4.6 -3.9 9.6 31.7 Total Real Growth ... 5.7 -2.1 1.6 -2.3 -6.9 -11.7 3.4 9.8 2.2 18.2 7.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-1 87

95 Table 6-1: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 138,304 152,883 153,816 159,315 164,026 168,251 143,606 Military Personnel ... 139,028 139,028 139,804 262,229 247,832 249,039 256,460 260,135 248,241 259,563 Operation and Maintenance ... 283,628 258,156 240,969 119,888 125,556 137,596 141,495 150,121 125,983 132,139 104,028 100,753 Procurement ... 144,539 74,592 92,365 89,926 90,722 87,426 85,640 RDT&E ... 63,458 64,088 70,633 74,817 7,080 Military Construction ... 9,850 9,853 10,485 10,202 9,706 6,441 7,551 7,593 9,801 1,514 1,362 1,379 1,381 1,471 1,415 1,583 1,282 1,513 Family Housing ... 1,276 2,348 1,928 Revolving and Management Funds ... 242 273 239 235 2,590 2,267 2,257 1,557 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 29 45,800 45,800 45,800 OCO to Base ... 53,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 20,000 ... Total Current Dollars 587,978 701,321 609,287 727,403 741,799 612,464 565,403 581,188 686,356 713,979 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 143,203 152,883 150,500 152,577 153,755 154,361 Military Personnel ... 156,931 150,229 147,438 145,462 266,500 278,451 236,329 238,957 240,684 238,722 Operation and Maintenance ... 263,885 262,812 268,371 283,628 126,553 130,708 129,572 132,277 133,358 138,713 144,539 111,569 109,601 Procurement ... 127,954 77,375 75,815 92,365 88,250 87,276 82,448 79,169 RDT&E ... 68,525 68,377 74,298 7,886 7,212 9,474 9,883 9,427 Military Construction ... 10,586 6,917 7,983 9,801 9,660 Family Housing ... 1,583 1,389 1,311 1,298 1,353 1,329 1,625 1,410 1,593 1,359 1,557 Revolving and Management Funds ... 263 225 217 2,796 2,417 2,374 2,429 1,961 238 30 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... OCO to Base ... 51,951 43,962 43,041 42,134 18,399 18,795 19,198 19,604 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... ... Total Constant Dollars 623,945 687,456 683,577 682,454 686,356 633,642 623,050 604,783 628,515 685,312 Percent Real Growth (%) -1.3 6.8 1.4 0.8 0.4 -1.6 -1.6 -1.9 -3.1 Military Personnel ... -4.3 -0.7 6.4 -16.7 1.1 0.7 -0.8 Operation and Maintenance ... 0.2 -5.2 -0.4 2.1 -2.1 3.3 2.1 0.8 4.0 13.4 1.8 -4.1 Procurement ... 13.0 -10.4 8.7 -2.0 -1.1 -5.5 -4.0 4.1 -4.5 -0.2 -2.6 RDT&E ... 21.8 -8.5 35.9 -1.4 -1.9 4.3 -4.6 Military Construction ... -7.4 -34.7 15.4 -1.2 Total Real Growth ... 3.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2 1.7 10.0 -1.5 -3.8 -1.9 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-1 88

96 Table 6-2: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY CATEGORY (Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 2,586 5,516 5,271 5,255 5,502 5,701 6,003 2,472 3,222 Civilian Pay ... 2,712 4,780 9,375 8,993 9,461 9,244 9,136 9,117 6,890 Military Pay ... 3,428 3,747 4,154 10,097 561 324 386 422 479 511 356 197 193 175 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 331 10,437 14,487 15,970 15,119 14,921 15,116 15,329 15,558 Total Pay ... 6,075 6,652 6,937 788 1,632 2,084 1,729 1,796 1,752 1,828 1,994 Other Military Personnel ... 804 854 1,766 5,032 8,855 4,289 3,943 4,485 4,695 6,419 1,828 9,686 Non-Pay Operations ... 1,608 1,900 24,250 31,251 19,811 9,292 13,130 16,711 17,872 Non-Pay Investment ... 3,416 3,798 4,784 18,541 7,400 42,702 28,313 15,310 18,869 22,949 24,394 34,736 Total Non-Pay ... 6,552 5,828 25,566 ... Total Current Dollars 45,173 57,188 44,283 30,429 33,790 38,065 39,724 41,124 11,903 13,204 14,337 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 49,098 95,709 87,011 81,839 80,432 80,099 79,099 53,117 Civilian Pay ... 53,890 62,012 86,129 141,077 193,282 176,739 166,835 169,374 159,678 184,924 Military Pay ... 83,777 91,817 90,548 195,012 3,801 4,033 4,684 4,824 5,122 5,258 5,724 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 3,064 3,360 3,578 3,650 206,739 283,212 276,619 263,402 252,389 254,731 244,501 Total Pay ... 139,958 149,067 143,224 294,755 13,568 13,034 14,062 13,764 12,834 12,601 16,915 6,709 7,233 7,118 Other Military Personnel ... 14,461 82,617 91,361 59,807 41,365 36,977 40,805 41,180 43,160 Non-Pay Operations ... 17,231 19,208 18,300 212,129 45,158 79,792 107,657 135,177 139,556 146,665 36,365 34,102 Non-Pay Investment ... 283,105 174,647 203,392 307,780 135,219 158,398 188,815 193,338 251,369 70,167 62,806 58,451 Total Non-Pay ... 388,927 ... Total Constant Dollars 514,519 672,139 411,839 421,801 441,204 448,068 447,894 546,124 213,392 211,873 198,409 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-2 89

97 Table 6-2: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 6,616 7,502 7,833 8,500 9,654 10,578 11,301 6,327 7,034 Civilian Pay ... 6,240 7,295 9,762 16,699 11,019 12,178 14,111 15,264 9,917 Military Pay ... 9,269 9,168 9,181 10,615 2,443 896 1,386 1,592 1,831 2,093 1,211 788 693 635 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 1,015 17,847 18,072 19,328 20,238 22,270 25,596 27,936 30,443 Total Pay ... 16,231 16,102 16,585 2,176 2,240 2,368 2,411 3,277 4,125 4,697 4,686 Other Military Personnel ... 2,025 2,072 2,279 13,793 6,271 6,728 9,015 11,923 12,859 6,156 5,428 6,132 Non-Pay Operations ... 4,946 5,149 22,075 22,936 21,694 20,184 29,968 29,946 29,474 Non-Pay Investment ... 18,992 16,934 20,454 28,831 28,058 31,348 30,219 29,322 42,260 45,994 47,029 30,586 Total Non-Pay ... 24,155 25,962 47,310 ... Total Current Dollars 48,434 49,420 49,547 49,560 64,531 71,590 74,965 77,752 42,193 40,257 44,643 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 74,113 75,928 74,821 78,398 85,711 90,831 91,254 78,461 Civilian Pay ... 75,254 76,974 76,961 162,469 158,536 161,928 178,900 184,530 186,965 158,567 Military Pay ... 153,831 150,613 149,590 158,655 9,859 11,309 12,720 13,986 15,514 17,161 19,007 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 6,052 6,663 7,599 8,632 248,075 245,356 246,108 254,312 280,125 292,522 297,227 Total Pay ... 238,343 232,529 231,301 245,892 26,661 14,950 15,687 20,628 25,079 27,618 15,656 14,390 13,898 13,537 Other Military Personnel ... 15,160 51,060 49,590 49,310 52,339 66,235 83,336 87,231 90,908 Non-Pay Operations ... 42,147 42,999 44,746 167,773 157,654 142,746 199,550 193,077 180,328 168,898 129,574 148,138 Non-Pay Investment ... 171,429 157,707 286,466 233,784 210,771 286,413 301,492 295,177 222,673 216,790 186,471 203,822 Total Non-Pay ... 236,179 ... Total Constant Dollars 481,859 481,535 456,879 540,725 581,617 587,700 583,693 468,565 448,091 419,000 442,165 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-2 90

98 Table 6-2: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 13,222 15,334 16,418 17,549 18,854 20,494 22,262 12,204 13,574 Civilian Pay ... 12,504 14,137 21,013 26,854 21,885 22,598 23,815 25,084 20,494 Military Pay ... 18,638 18,676 19,762 21,573 11,920 4,392 7,326 8,219 9,173 10,282 6,239 3,889 3,389 2,853 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 5,137 38,460 40,287 43,145 45,629 48,366 51,842 55,860 61,035 Total Pay ... 33,695 34,569 36,873 3,385 3,145 3,312 3,544 3,350 3,369 3,566 4,211 Other Military Personnel ... 4,340 3,949 3,090 27,226 11,782 15,929 18,374 20,069 20,304 13,982 11,172 13,021 Non-Pay Operations ... 12,239 10,856 25,538 25,294 25,693 30,556 37,478 40,848 44,991 Non-Pay Investment ... 25,238 23,471 25,037 49,510 39,594 41,406 42,987 50,029 59,201 64,286 68,861 40,465 Total Non-Pay ... 38,276 41,817 80,947 ... Total Current Dollars 78,925 81,693 86,132 95,658 107,567 116,128 124,721 141,983 75,512 72,846 76,467 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 81,287 75,507 74,752 73,465 73,071 75,002 76,261 88,263 Civilian Pay ... 83,225 78,675 75,250 141,200 135,647 123,207 121,396 120,793 120,700 126,010 Military Pay ... 181,605 168,282 152,921 130,742 27,088 28,832 30,490 32,295 33,527 34,712 35,902 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,651 22,174 23,858 25,398 245,273 237,986 231,252 228,967 227,995 230,507 232,863 Total Pay ... 290,518 273,681 258,066 235,081 10,964 15,123 12,809 11,352 10,608 10,265 13,032 17,057 20,683 23,731 Other Military Personnel ... 13,799 64,390 63,174 62,293 63,506 68,894 68,974 64,733 69,025 Non-Pay Operations ... 78,341 66,331 66,276 117,770 125,267 103,820 123,323 123,204 123,199 123,722 125,189 142,704 Non-Pay Investment ... 105,373 96,381 203,711 197,283 180,135 203,570 202,786 198,197 171,707 208,600 212,203 244,776 Total Non-Pay ... 182,346 ... Total Constant Dollars 442,557 420,332 411,387 432,537 430,781 428,705 436,574 406,788 466,667 485,884 535,294 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-2 91

99 Table 6-2: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 27,762 32,161 34,095 35,851 37,612 39,806 41,139 23,775 29,452 Civilian Pay ... 26,065 31,404 43,967 53,520 47,713 49,494 50,920 52,844 41,367 Military Pay ... 31,067 36,930 39,090 46,220 17,201 16,503 18,241 18,265 18,466 16,248 17,415 15,954 14,940 13,724 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 17,072 87,322 92,443 95,796 100,049 103,610 106,998 108,898 111,860 Total Pay ... 68,567 77,936 82,806 6,548 6,810 8,061 8,537 8,804 9,062 9,773 13,254 Other Military Personnel ... 5,679 5,899 7,040 76,082 47,669 51,877 52,420 54,750 54,178 50,250 44,009 52,254 Non-Pay Operations ... 35,443 40,088 113,470 124,436 124,034 122,254 122,972 120,730 118,507 Non-Pay Investment ... 65,860 86,744 102,130 109,425 152,687 183,731 182,344 182,669 184,196 184,542 182,458 167,949 Total Non-Pay ... 132,731 106,982 198,761 ... Total Current Dollars 255,271 276,173 278,140 282,718 287,806 291,540 291,356 310,620 175,549 210,667 235,493 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 80,827 85,165 85,000 84,045 82,970 83,699 83,197 74,892 Civilian Pay ... 80,011 82,396 84,966 127,981 129,308 130,094 129,170 127,109 122,804 131,593 Military Pay ... 122,461 125,226 126,795 130,321 38,234 38,306 38,763 38,163 37,840 37,358 38,340 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 37,172 37,971 38,328 38,343 248,720 252,508 255,356 252,302 249,980 248,165 244,341 Total Pay ... 234,525 243,208 245,949 253,792 21,497 14,037 16,126 16,105 15,912 16,483 15,654 13,995 13,104 13,470 Other Military Personnel ... 14,055 101,722 109,533 104,956 106,468 105,641 106,778 103,142 129,450 Non-Pay Operations ... 81,571 86,148 94,173 229,826 213,800 225,731 218,894 207,185 196,581 176,361 189,477 152,309 Non-Pay Investment ... 244,548 236,522 327,308 345,585 348,325 340,640 329,874 316,206 357,132 321,968 288,729 247,349 Total Non-Pay ... 368,135 ... Total Constant Dollars 594,306 620,643 603,681 592,942 579,855 564,371 571,649 610,924 567,917 531,937 481,874 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-2 92

100 Table 6-2: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 43,580 42,740 41,255 41,226 41,932 43,241 45,864 41,779 43,559 Civilian Pay ... 44,168 43,031 49,238 48,698 44,007 44,722 43,585 45,619 49,400 Military Pay ... 54,084 52,377 49,235 49,146 13,355 12,123 10,380 10,454 11,366 11,308 11,070 12,277 13,029 15,913 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 11,153 105,082 103,422 102,957 95,642 96,403 96,883 100,168 107,916 Total Pay ... 111,776 109,574 105,093 9,780 9,950 9,971 15,300 15,554 18,587 20,324 25,093 Other Military Personnel ... 11,058 10,577 9,308 106,825 58,615 62,996 69,833 74,740 89,186 58,193 54,574 59,039 Non-Pay Operations ... 59,490 57,458 80,569 83,283 83,066 85,186 90,939 96,748 106,862 Non-Pay Investment ... 102,871 92,047 81,893 115,543 146,247 151,630 151,230 163,481 176,326 190,075 216,372 149,133 Total Non-Pay ... 160,082 173,419 247,461 ... Total Current Dollars 254,215 255,052 254,186 259,123 272,729 286,958 316,540 355,378 285,195 269,655 251,339 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 79,473 72,117 67,715 65,317 63,392 63,039 63,921 81,108 Civilian Pay ... 82,587 77,520 74,787 99,294 96,648 80,025 74,418 75,112 75,006 81,580 Military Pay ... 119,910 110,687 101,437 93,658 21,892 21,097 19,242 18,707 19,407 18,619 20,570 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 34,889 27,533 25,294 24,367 201,181 193,327 168,537 164,049 157,217 156,769 159,496 Total Pay ... 235,907 220,807 206,203 186,872 33,971 14,756 21,759 21,913 25,805 27,755 14,287 14,782 16,304 17,438 Other Military Personnel ... 13,544 105,660 103,703 100,291 104,881 113,975 121,533 137,573 162,852 Non-Pay Operations ... 102,192 108,442 100,835 120,135 124,237 122,356 128,927 135,129 147,070 156,667 142,204 162,117 Non-Pay Investment ... 122,286 120,545 353,490 240,550 248,995 264,816 282,467 312,398 235,122 239,855 266,950 281,746 Total Non-Pay ... 239,533 ... Total Constant Dollars 441,732 432,860 417,532 428,864 439,684 469,167 512,986 421,994 446,058 487,757 517,653 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-2 93

101 Table 6-2: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Category FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 53,535 61,296 66,424 67,753 70,977 72,612 71,919 47,346 Civilian Pay ... 57,222 50,305 58,148 64,603 65,634 74,827 75,280 75,688 76,266 71,549 69,043 Military Pay ... 51,144 62,348 63,039 15,261 16,106 17,493 20,307 20,796 21,776 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 13,507 14,096 14,592 14,211 20,408 136,037 146,445 155,465 162,887 167,053 170,075 139,042 131,166 126,749 111,997 Total Pay ... 168,593 10,135 11,231 11,185 10,351 8,960 11,010 10,845 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,695 8,307 10,065 8,297 33,616 38,162 40,666 45,790 48,904 46,541 44,315 41,267 Other Military Personnel ... 36,715 30,798 37,715 197,344 167,868 219,090 237,181 248,312 230,746 211,888 154,977 192,814 Non-Pay Operations ... 135,263 138,654 184,517 222,623 259,096 235,164 233,860 216,175 196,307 Non-Pay Investment ... 141,353 151,544 172,653 169,891 371,310 464,830 522,835 510,395 528,904 522,039 482,213 400,235 Total Non-Pay ... 329,303 321,027 416,800 ... Total Current Dollars 536,272 603,872 669,279 665,861 691,791 689,092 652,288 585,393 433,024 456,052 502,476 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 66,524 69,843 72,844 72,845 76,312 78,069 77,324 63,389 Civilian Pay ... 64,698 68,967 68,574 85,514 84,593 86,734 86,054 85,158 84,375 85,754 Military Pay ... 75,237 88,064 86,029 85,978 19,669 20,056 20,966 23,539 23,773 24,500 22,578 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 19,869 19,910 19,914 18,811 173,292 172,837 179,564 183,118 186,139 187,728 184,277 Total Pay ... 158,495 172,672 172,467 175,877 9,964 15,455 14,113 11,803 14,082 13,389 15,709 15,976 13,740 13,263 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 16,450 46,584 45,939 47,914 53,220 56,237 52,500 49,137 45,087 Other Military Personnel ... 49,095 40,301 42,765 214,646 205,785 262,258 276,244 281,295 256,107 214,379 196,387 197,639 Non-Pay Operations ... 239,568 254,085 187,010 227,226 275,315 269,644 245,043 219,128 307,531 217,951 196,557 187,951 Non-Pay Investment ... 268,508 503,911 570,465 625,239 604,907 613,928 592,920 537,761 456,439 Total Non-Pay ... 447,948 446,985 482,477 Total Constant Dollars ... 801,115 784,471 797,046 779,059 725,489 743,301 677,202 619,657 606,443 654,943 640,716 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-2 94

102 Table 6-2: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Category FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 70,190 77,024 77,980 79,687 81,382 83,096 68,730 Civilian Pay ... 72,146 67,819 75,720 Military Pay ... 75,045 84,366 86,509 88,483 74,137 82,052 74,320 72,478 72,513 79,328 18,536 20,735 20,499 20,954 21,304 21,598 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,339 19,653 19,322 18,166 164,448 169,301 180,532 185,007 189,195 193,176 Total Pay ... 163,389 159,950 162,025 177,087 6,629 6,961 8,003 8,480 8,973 9,461 7,533 7,023 7,436 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 8,147 39,764 38,076 45,287 43,262 45,515 47,241 Other Military Personnel ... 41,511 39,874 39,840 48,710 190,283 200,628 220,913 176,119 182,782 188,739 190,957 Non-Pay Operations ... 203,441 193,066 199,375 189,201 198,738 220,405 226,394 227,456 233,695 235,536 Non-Pay Investment ... 165,412 165,491 196,312 444,838 443,162 509,269 447,789 463,171 472,408 482,823 Total Non-Pay ... 417,799 405,453 425,953 45,800 OCO to Base ... 53,000 45,800 45,800 20,000 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 20,000 20,000 20,000 Total Current Dollars ... 741,799 686,356 701,321 713,979 727,403 565,403 581,188 587,978 612,464 609,287 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 73,956 76,099 77,024 76,829 76,897 76,917 76,922 Civilian Pay ... 73,382 71,692 73,316 77,814 77,555 80,286 80,852 81,200 81,345 78,449 81,247 Military Pay ... 76,997 79,328 19,018 20,666 20,081 19,997 19,855 21,272 22,234 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,735 19,067 20,058 171,537 172,113 177,830 178,114 178,123 170,836 177,172 171,413 176,863 Total Pay ... 177,087 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,533 7,710 7,863 8,008 8,126 8,729 8,035 7,328 7,464 8,448 41,118 45,287 42,446 43,781 44,550 38,741 41,889 42,472 44,721 Other Military Personnel ... 45,035 208,147 204,627 220,913 172,432 175,018 176,677 174,684 Non-Pay Operations ... 218,564 205,581 202,724 206,077 199,572 216,141 217,660 214,392 215,953 177,281 179,639 Non-Pay Investment ... 200,015 235,536 451,832 444,322 438,728 462,806 443,627 443,798 Total Non-Pay ... 451,653 509,269 433,370 451,513 42,134 43,041 51,951 OCO to Base ... 43,962 18,399 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 19,604 19,198 18,795 ... Total Constant Dollars 686,356 687,456 685,312 683,577 623,945 623,050 633,642 604,783 628,515 682,454 * Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-2 95

103 Table 6-3: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1948 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1949 FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1950 FY 1951 Current Dollars 17,453 13,475 9,892 10,813 9,901 4,288 9,757 9,919 Army ... 3,162 4,034 21,685 11,550 15,147 8,080 9,993 10,615 10,805 11,762 4,517 4,726 4,469 Navy ... 12,212 15,102 19,986 18,650 12,029 12,469 16,997 18,449 19,158 Air Force ... 4,097 4,244 5,323 405 208 428 514 553 551 659 397 200 371 Defense-Wide ... 175 ... Total Current Dollars 57,188 44,283 30,429 33,790 38,065 39,724 41,124 11,903 13,204 14,337 45,173 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 195,980 178,506 142,275 140,972 123,997 122,439 251,152 69,466 72,808 63,258 Army ... 116,340 144,087 187,701 151,414 117,211 128,285 130,239 130,527 133,382 Navy ... 72,944 73,363 68,818 170,058 71,360 147,237 146,917 181,211 189,480 191,700 62,249 59,138 Air Force ... 229,038 211,734 4,247 3,749 5,627 5,757 5,623 6,472 3,453 5,116 4,394 4,469 Defense-Wide ... 3,068 Total Constant Dollars ... 546,124 411,839 421,801 441,204 448,068 198,409 211,873 213,392 514,519 672,139 447,894 Percent Real Growth (%) -20.3 -0.9 -12.0 -1.3 -5.0 -28.9 -4.6 15.1 Army ... 28.2 182.1 -19.3 -22.6 9.4 1.5 0.2 2.2 Navy ... 0.6 -6.2 109.4 30.3 -30.5 -7.6 23.3 4.6 1.2 5.3 14.6 -0.2 Air Force ... 34.7 138.3 ... Total Real Growth -24.6 2.4 4.6 1.6 0.0 6.8 0.7 141.1 30.6 -18.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-3 96

104 Table 6-3: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1959 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1960 FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1961 FY 1962 Current Dollars 10,528 12,219 18,510 22,369 24,962 25,769 12,275 11,826 12,467 Army ... 9,555 9,867 14,657 14,450 14,856 19,185 21,190 20,781 Navy ... 12,148 11,727 12,820 14,592 21,552 19,730 19,958 19,428 23,309 24,270 24,974 20,427 20,098 17,662 19,599 Air Force ... 25,857 1,646 2,510 2,864 3,057 3,527 3,760 4,247 4,574 Defense-Wide ... 892 1,001 1,197 Total Current Dollars ... 77,752 49,560 64,531 71,590 74,965 49,420 44,643 49,547 42,193 40,257 48,434 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 123,248 196,366 119,071 156,909 182,933 130,451 195,031 Army ... 110,211 110,348 113,028 122,629 163,113 149,884 139,251 162,957 173,755 164,734 140,496 135,693 126,955 134,437 Navy ... 147,451 187,536 189,970 182,040 173,768 193,041 195,692 194,725 192,481 Air Force ... 189,657 172,883 188,976 13,988 10,394 24,790 27,818 29,236 31,875 33,068 8,815 7,861 Defense-Wide ... 20,866 23,399 Total Constant Dollars ... 481,859 456,879 540,725 581,617 587,700 448,091 583,693 468,565 442,165 419,000 481,535 Percent Real Growth (%) 2.4 -2.9 31.8 16.6 7.3 -0.7 -0.5 0.1 -5.3 Army ... 15.4 -5.5 -1.6 -4.7 -0.9 17.0 6.6 -5.2 -1.0 Navy ... 0.8 -5.6 6.9 10.5 1.3 11.1 1.4 -0.5 -1.2 -1.1 -4.5 -4.2 Air Force ... -0.8 9.3 -8.8 Total Real Growth ... -2.7 -2.5 18.4 7.6 1.0 -0.7 -1.3 -5.2 6.9 7.5 -0.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-3 97

105 Table 6-3: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1970 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1971 FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1972 FY 1973 Current Dollars 22,094 23,759 26,703 28,950 31,497 34,572 21,644 21,548 21,480 Army ... 23,963 22,280 26,934 27,962 31,360 36,353 39,504 41,694 Navy ... 22,462 21,691 24,041 25,324 46,984 24,696 26,024 28,395 31,145 32,877 34,873 24,772 23,799 23,016 23,875 Air Force ... 41,556 7,425 8,439 10,501 12,144 13,367 14,797 16,657 18,871 Defense-Wide ... 5,212 5,859 6,533 Total Current Dollars ... 141,983 95,658 107,567 116,128 124,721 81,693 76,467 86,132 75,512 72,846 78,925 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 113,995 114,172 108,005 113,096 112,986 122,697 114,803 Army ... 172,142 152,395 137,411 106,887 141,206 139,703 131,849 142,815 142,827 139,827 129,637 144,420 142,675 158,254 Navy ... 135,388 139,204 128,195 123,599 122,593 126,050 122,752 120,408 125,226 Air Force ... 169,780 154,438 146,673 40,952 38,162 48,939 50,576 52,217 54,297 55,339 36,376 35,118 Defense-Wide ... 42,753 46,664 Total Constant Dollars ... 442,557 411,387 432,537 430,781 428,705 466,667 436,574 406,788 535,294 485,884 420,332 Percent Real Growth (%) -9.8 1.0 4.7 -0.1 1.0 0.6 -6.2 -11.5 -11.7 Army ... -10.7 -7.1 -3.1 -4.2 1.7 8.3 0.0 -2.1 1.0 Navy ... -3.0 -9.8 1.2 -3.3 -7.9 2.8 -2.6 -1.9 4.0 -11.8 -0.8 -3.6 Air Force ... -5.1 -5.0 -9.0 Total Real Growth ... -3.2 1.1 5.1 -0.4 -0.5 1.8 -8.3 -9.2 -4.0 -5.2 -5.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-3 98

106 Table 6-3: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1981 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1982 FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1983 FY 1984 Current Dollars 57,359 75,360 76,544 78,740 79,385 92,790 73,770 72,760 61,516 Army ... 43,177 52,099 93,124 93,259 95,132 102,364 98,195 98,597 Navy ... 57,050 68,034 78,951 80,553 101,477 85,304 93,932 93,621 90,268 94,713 93,244 96,499 73,440 65,017 52,370 Air Force ... 91,189 27,898 13,790 17,178 18,604 18,629 19,891 20,130 25,165 Defense-Wide ... 22,952 25,518 25,743 Total Current Dollars ... 310,620 282,718 287,806 291,540 291,356 276,173 235,493 278,140 175,549 210,667 255,271 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 169,519 157,765 166,283 162,586 160,793 150,001 173,802 Army ... 126,729 139,117 145,429 167,298 187,379 186,547 202,282 208,604 194,936 190,559 204,422 187,874 169,736 154,080 Navy ... 208,541 193,812 212,789 203,557 197,901 185,858 187,500 180,297 167,433 Air Force ... 140,599 159,669 173,324 63,946 61,290 37,215 35,893 36,626 35,749 43,035 63,416 60,466 Defense-Wide ... 29,793 35,648 Total Constant Dollars ... 594,306 603,681 592,942 579,855 564,371 567,917 571,649 610,924 481,874 531,937 620,643 Percent Real Growth (%) 4.5 -0.6 -2.2 -1.1 -1.9 10.2 -1.3 9.8 10.4 Army ... 3.1 13.0 11.8 -2.0 -1.0 3.1 -6.6 -2.2 -1.7 Navy ... 9.1 10.2 10.7 -0.7 9.8 -6.1 0.9 -3.8 -7.1 12.3 -2.8 -4.3 Air Force ... 11.8 8.6 13.6 Total Real Growth ... -1.6 -1.2 -1.8 -2.2 -2.7 1.3 10.4 10.4 6.8 4.6 4.4 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-3 99

107 Table 6-3: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1992 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1993 FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1994 FY 1995 Current Dollars 63,460 64,001 69,331 73,264 78,047 86,099 65,380 66,120 64,529 Army ... 75,083 67,249 79,560 79,171 81,958 84,398 88,509 96,117 Navy ... 89,927 84,995 77,981 78,585 101,778 73,773 73,170 76,543 80,862 83,368 90,051 74,230 74,938 79,566 83,048 Air Force ... 100,266 37,329 35,143 36,465 36,621 38,138 41,818 52,325 67,235 Defense-Wide ... 37,136 37,845 34,961 Total Current Dollars ... 355,378 259,123 272,729 286,958 316,540 255,052 251,339 254,186 285,195 269,655 254,215 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 112,265 114,708 103,318 108,236 110,778 112,673 122,331 Army ... 141,728 122,813 113,675 108,661 144,511 133,822 129,367 130,959 133,385 140,184 129,018 135,954 152,233 164,945 Navy ... 132,414 126,016 123,683 119,223 120,776 124,846 125,660 131,039 142,279 Air Force ... 150,531 139,657 129,380 69,221 67,050 64,071 64,823 69,861 83,236 103,866 73,053 60,449 Defense-Wide ... 64,497 65,092 Total Constant Dollars ... 441,732 417,532 428,864 439,684 469,167 446,058 512,986 421,994 517,653 487,757 432,860 Percent Real Growth (%) -7.4 -4.9 4.8 2.3 3.5 6.6 -3.2 -13.3 -18.5 Army ... -0.9 -0.4 -1.1 -2.6 0.3 1.2 1.9 5.1 3.1 Navy ... -12.0 -7.7 -10.7 -1.6 -1.9 3.4 0.7 4.3 8.6 -10.1 1.3 -3.6 Air Force ... -2.6 -7.4 -7.2 Total Real Growth ... -2.5 -1.1 2.7 2.5 6.7 9.3 -9.4 -5.8 -8.5 -1.0 -2.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-3 100

108 Table 6-3: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 167,343 252,220 237,402 243,365 238,887 206,640 176,535 122,268 Army ... 176,455 141,551 221,264 150,834 163,140 166,765 177,126 176,814 174,710 144,596 Navy ... 123,887 121,608 133,560 164,893 146,263 140,864 163,138 165,894 167,293 164,283 159,729 131,673 125,353 125,770 Air Force ... 149,348 74,357 82,426 92,438 98,555 105,406 106,098 106,655 Defense-Wide ... 61,099 67,541 69,900 99,455 Total Current Dollars ... 603,872 669,279 665,861 691,791 689,092 652,288 585,393 456,052 536,272 433,024 502,476 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 221,261 301,255 278,285 279,714 269,848 215,967 193,433 Army ... 168,885 229,698 189,552 270,256 177,908 184,501 195,447 203,005 198,618 192,976 196,097 172,643 164,009 172,119 Navy ... 181,058 175,614 182,058 188,718 191,074 189,567 187,526 181,313 157,840 Air Force ... 174,692 169,137 170,007 99,270 106,487 124,760 123,067 121,501 111,536 Defense-Wide ... 119,665 115,045 96,326 96,959 90,747 Total Constant Dollars ... 801,115 784,471 797,046 779,059 725,489 640,716 606,443 619,657 654,943 677,202 743,301 Percent Real Growth (%) 22.1 -7.6 0.5 -3.5 -14.9 -15.8 11.5 13.9 12.2 38.1 Army ... 2.5 1.9 6.3 -0.3 3.9 -2.2 -2.8 -7.8 Navy ... 19.1 -4.7 5.3 4.9 3.7 -0.8 -1.1 -3.3 -12.9 22.8 1.2 3.7 Air Force ... 3.3 0.5 -3.2 Total Real Growth ... 7.8 -2.1 1.6 -2.3 -6.9 -11.7 18.2 2.2 5.7 3.4 9.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-3 101

109 Table 6-3: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 151,296 181,996 148,916 153,896 157,003 160,986 162,246 159,018 Army ... 150,887 158,354 172,992 204,750 188,893 194,525 199,770 174,058 Navy ... 164,397 160,512 170,325 194,269 164,009 171,457 182,354 186,271 191,677 196,400 194,173 153,567 152,392 Air Force ... 170,239 104,754 110,878 115,919 108,158 113,488 113,153 113,864 Defense-Wide ... 102,153 100,437 102,348 45,800 45,800 OCO to Base ... 53,000 45,800 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... ... Total Current Dollars 587,978 701,321 609,287 727,403 741,799 612,464 686,356 565,403 581,188 713,979 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 161,358 181,996 Army ... 147,808 147,707 148,352 175,535 161,425 160,123 165,254 146,000 180,840 194,269 185,314 187,027 188,197 176,122 180,282 170,866 177,178 Navy ... 188,986 178,142 173,253 194,173 178,938 179,161 180,664 181,388 Air Force ... 162,757 163,256 173,491 109,406 109,155 105,648 108,157 105,173 103,194 109,236 113,045 Defense-Wide ... 113,211 115,919 42,134 43,041 43,962 51,951 OCO to Base ... 19,604 18,399 18,795 19,198 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... ... Total Constant Dollars 686,356 687,456 685,312 683,577 682,454 628,515 604,783 623,050 633,642 623,945 Percent Real Growth (%) 3.2 -19.8 1.2 -0.1 0.4 12.8 -0.8 -8.0 -9.3 -2.4 Army ... -2.6 10.3 -4.6 0.9 0.6 0.4 Navy ... -0.4 -3.6 5.5 0.3 12.1 -2.7 0.1 0.8 0.4 6.3 2.7 -7.8 Air Force ... 3.1 0.3 ... Total Real Growth 10.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2 -1.9 -3.8 3.0 1.7 -1.5 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-3 102

110 Table 6-4: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MAJOR FORCE PROGRAM CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Training, General Support Special Guard & Central Fiscal Strategic Admin & Mobility C3, Intel Research OCO to Continuing Other Total Medical & of Other Purpose Space Ops Reserve Supply & Resolution Base Year Assoc Forces & Space Forces & Dev't Other Nations Forces Forces Forces Maint 1,005 4,448 5,868 1,058 60 48,434 16,625 10,641 1962 ... 1,615 3,049 4,066 1,034 4,798 6,325 1,113 67 49,420 4,531 3,819 16,464 9,718 1963 ... 1,551 1,768 4,834 4,638 6,921 1,111 81 49,547 1964 ... 8,387 16,337 4,292 1,177 1,779 1,605 4,909 7,429 1,186 157 49,560 1965 ... 6,241 17,472 4,136 4,647 2,114 64,531 6,515 9,158 1,470 1,005 2,365 1966 ... 6,023 26,445 4,701 4,734 71,590 2,654 7,880 10,624 1,308 1,694 4,627 5,075 29,058 6,217 1967 ... 2,452 2,967 2,177 4,269 8,378 1968 ... 1,287 1,785 74,965 7,156 29,404 5,392 12,150 5,728 2,134 4,526 9,288 12,778 1,377 2,374 77,752 1969 ... 8,457 28,428 2,661 2,443 26,943 9,027 13,665 1,514 2,270 75,512 6,928 1970 ... 2,546 5,463 4,711 2,678 72,846 8,402 14,444 1,607 2,395 1,733 1971 ... 7,196 24,179 5,349 4,861 76,467 1,540 8,658 15,199 1,737 2,652 5,756 5,378 25,135 7,158 1972 ... 3,255 1,036 3,877 6,459 8,647 16,241 1,849 1973 ... 78,925 7,141 25,421 5,707 2,547 5,941 4,317 6,861 8,582 17,930 1,896 1,040 81,693 1974 ... 6,694 27,552 882 992 2,103 7,698 9,074 19,938 6,280 251 86,132 1975 ... 7,075 27,931 4,790 264 6,623 8,655 9,699 21,499 2,259 5,374 95,658 32,806 7,135 1976 ... 1,344 7,343 1,615 5,890 9,858 11,071 22,463 2,127 218 107,567 1977 ... 9,062 37,920 7,821 41,874 10,137 11,962 23,989 2,244 260 116,128 9,149 1978 ... 1,720 6,972 1,835 7,035 12,808 26,067 2,403 441 124,721 46,967 8,322 1979 ... 7,981 10,862 7,874 141,983 15,305 29,302 2,542 641 2,267 1980 ... 10,992 52,217 9,049 11,794 175,549 3,092 17,584 35,278 3,353 932 14,169 11,178 67,807 12,290 1981 ... 9,865 4,135 10,330 16,897 18,797 39,872 3,684 905 210,667 1982 ... 15,387 86,892 13,769 17,482 4,438 18,718 20,767 42,202 4,109 654 235,493 1983 ... 19,578 95,836 11,709 255,271 5,673 22,952 43,812 4,826 646 21,424 20,064 11,656 1984 ... 25,938 98,278 6,789 15,423 23,858 24,096 33,601 5,892 1985 ... 276,173 25,974 115,207 24,808 525 26,211 16,397 25,737 22,903 34,551 7,612 437 278,140 113,108 24,015 1986 ... 7,170 28,129 6,711 15,945 27,228 22,767 36,557 6,250 727 154 282,718 1987 ... 22,343 115,906 28,520 116,401 28,772 24,899 37,816 6,785 924 2,137 287,806 20,122 1988 ... 4,570 16,858 5,424 1,035 28,979 26,389 39,331 6,833 29,590 3,180 291,540 1989 ... 21,331 112,320 17,128 1,007 30,254 27,582 28,140 40,374 6,669 17,245 3,051 291,356 112,519 18,432 1990 ... 6,083 30,320 5,625 18,013 27,103 31,746 44,210 8,614 814 2,626 310,620 1991 ... 18,809 122,741 1,069 32,724 28,264 24,317 44,136 6,370 20,544 3,343 285,195 6,932 1992 ... 15,410 102,085 31,726 7,951 20,064 27,911 20,479 42,775 7,786 835 2,903 269,655 1993 ... 12,787 94,437 251,339 30,984 20,128 24,198 17,864 42,043 6,449 907 3,060 8,434 1994 ... 9,138 88,137 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. FY 2019 through FY 2023 is base funding only. SOURCE: The Future Years Defense Program accompanying the FY 2019 President's Budget Request. Chapter 6 Table 6-4 103

111 Table 6-4: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MAJOR FORCE PROGRAM (Continued) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Training, General Support Special Guard & Central Fiscal Strategic Admin & Mobility C3, Intel Research OCO to Continuing Other* Total Medical & of Other Purpose Space Ops Reserve Supply & Resolution Base Year Assoc Forces & Space Forces & Dev't Other Nations Forces Forces Forces Maint 254,215 17,293 43,072 7,372 830 3,118 25,655 29,098 10,338 1995 ... 7,712 89,472 20,255 21,079 25,779 16,736 44,138 6,886 890 3,201 255,052 1996 ... 7,443 88,536 30,017 10,347 20,932 3,178 16,387 43,713 7,345 999 10,556 254,186 1997 ... 6,145 88,966 29,894 26,071 21,432 3,466 16,211 43,692 7,621 939 10,526 259,123 1998 ... 6,687 91,399 30,511 26,639 3,578 11,811 17,114 44,165 8,386 1,064 27,101 272,729 32,364 97,498 6,759 1999 ... 22,888 11,797 23,275 27,819 20,030 47,594 8,406 987 3,683 122 2000 ... 6,927 102,680 33,637 286,958 37,957 25,568 30,988 19,332 53,416 9,337 807 3,165 3 316,540 2001 ... 7,010 117,703 11,255 14,100 26,483 20,827 56,134 22,399 1,259 5,024 66 355,378 125,054 8,239 2002 ... 40,021 35,772 6,758 29,898 26,273 62,191 11,440 1,968 40,236 433,024 56,173 173,523 8,162 2003 ... 16,401 14,693 30,013 45,595 26,931 64,033 15,639 2,756 6,511 -213 456,052 2004 ... 8,795 183,138 58,160 63,602 16,680 50,017 26,133 63,489 29,269 9,777 6,424 -249 502,476 2005 ... 9,025 197,639 30,671 18,270 8,301 52,580 28,692 75,764 10,024 7,759 69,648 -141 536,272 2006 ... 9,737 219,981 35,657 10,908 74,873 55,033 25,717 68,687 20,310 17,117 38,862 -620 603,872 263,320 10,027 2007 ... 19,637 84,115 22,883 40,952 54,091 30,347 72,646 32,115 9,963 12,252 669,279 2008 ... 10,683 299,231 88,232 289,538 54,916 27,780 83,560 29,654 10,508 12,251 665,861 9,827 2009 ... 19,470 40,125 19,569 264,034 31,158 70,005 91,106 15,955 11,841 691,791 9,920 2010 ... 34,746 90,370 53,088 43,491 14,214 30,832 85,804 30,475 17,774 18,482 689,092 2011 ... 11,991 291,672 95,125 49,232 15,065 18,466 32,181 86,573 24,657 14,380 48,569 652,288 93,565 262,054 12,599 2012 ... 44,179 15,922 42,155 43,841 28,487 81,921 23,833 2013 ... 14,102 585,393 11,143 232,579 81,969 9,441 82,179 43,268 44,560 27,728 82,210 20,411 9,705 13,864 581,188 2014 ... 11,663 228,996 16,604 16,396 9,708 44,708 24,960 80,125 19,003 82,803 15,092 565,403 2015 ... 11,654 220,023 40,931 7,591 88,340 50,016 24,881 79,748 23,397 40,601 15,564 587,978 229,658 11,299 2016 ... 16,883 89,734 17,771 41,590 52,736 24,901 81,244 19,688 9,049 16,884 687 751 609,287 2017 ... 12,702 241,549 88,758 255,218 54,655 24,671 86,110 15,112 11,086 17,543 11,662 -28,081 612,464 13,865 2018 ... 17,796 44,069 15,469 15,120 56,859 24,062 87,449 16,091 2,249 83,480 12,729 617,356 2019 ... 16,331 243,542 43,975 15,448 82,457 55,288 24,157 91,117 16,201 2,276 45,428 13,292 53,000 681,321 252,588 15,058 2020 ... 15,010 83,048 15,475 46,355 56,508 24,155 93,699 19,266 2,308 15,616 12,578 45,800 693,979 2021 ... 17,852 261,318 15,895 84,062 53,171 24,387 96,195 19,345 2,315 47,792 13,788 45,800 707,403 15,425 2022 ... 17,829 271,400 86,130 15,470 49,111 52,259 25,241 98,838 18,237 2,336 16,083 13,442 45,800 721,799 2023 ... 20,342 278,510 The "Other" column denotes differences between past President's Budget request data, and Future Years Defense Program data. * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. FY 2019 through FY 2023 is base funding only. SOURCE: The Future Years Defense Program accompanying the FY 2019 President's Budget Request. Chapter 6 Table 6-4 104

112 Table 6-5: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MAJOR FORCE PROGRAM FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Training, General Support Special Guard & Central Fiscal Strategic Admin & Mobility C3, Intel Research OCO to Continuing Other Total Medical & of Other Purpose Space Ops Reserve Supply & Resolution Base Year Assoc Forces & Space Forces & Dev't Other Nations Forces Forces Forces Maint 10,377 43,276 68,578 11,233 840 481,859 167,099 98,993 1962 ... 20,411 28,758 32,295 10,390 37,276 72,751 11,339 932 481,535 43,145 33,874 162,539 89,417 1963 ... 19,874 20,983 36,950 42,668 75,287 10,939 1,021 468,565 1964 ... 76,489 155,535 37,500 11,192 20,746 14,112 43,151 77,587 11,036 1,563 456,879 1965 ... 57,261 160,469 36,102 34,852 22,210 540,725 52,944 89,087 12,497 7,302 18,457 1966 ... 51,689 214,863 37,954 33,723 581,617 20,210 60,520 99,145 10,706 12,631 32,056 39,694 232,380 50,613 1967 ... 23,662 21,674 21,244 28,720 62,547 1968 ... 10,418 12,865 587,700 54,865 225,007 40,974 109,386 41,789 20,084 29,389 66,288 110,176 10,664 15,654 583,693 1969 ... 59,878 210,878 18,894 16,721 188,527 60,661 107,585 10,974 14,570 535,294 47,081 1970 ... 21,915 38,190 29,069 21,664 485,884 53,381 104,931 10,824 14,568 11,567 1971 ... 45,514 159,865 35,285 28,286 466,667 9,524 51,409 99,586 10,799 14,648 31,452 32,853 150,475 42,873 1972 ... 23,047 6,120 24,423 32,872 47,813 97,068 10,475 1973 ... 442,557 39,261 139,812 31,590 13,125 29,985 24,619 31,813 42,674 98,320 9,757 5,183 420,332 1974 ... 33,690 139,459 4,830 4,937 9,858 32,574 40,755 99,523 28,608 1,195 406,788 1975 ... 32,043 131,978 25,317 1,125 27,151 32,448 39,302 101,263 9,586 25,428 411,387 139,419 29,583 1976 ... 6,083 28,115 6,979 26,218 35,202 42,514 96,801 8,574 891 432,537 1977 ... 35,205 152,039 27,674 154,734 33,436 42,464 95,719 8,328 970 430,781 32,377 1978 ... 6,856 28,223 6,725 26,761 42,455 96,780 8,328 1,415 428,705 159,802 27,929 1979 ... 26,369 32,141 26,742 436,574 44,082 98,127 7,960 1,857 7,157 1980 ... 31,967 160,138 26,780 31,764 481,874 8,554 45,623 105,277 9,288 2,460 34,928 29,723 184,527 32,257 1981 ... 29,236 10,277 28,148 39,265 46,523 109,098 9,583 2,208 531,937 1982 ... 37,138 215,813 33,883 40,926 10,644 41,917 49,842 110,714 10,288 1,562 567,917 1983 ... 44,888 227,590 29,546 594,306 13,041 53,706 110,937 11,590 1,500 46,147 45,347 28,978 1984 ... 56,867 226,193 14,986 34,317 49,892 55,127 88,594 13,542 1985 ... 620,643 55,426 253,618 53,911 1,230 55,635 35,934 52,425 51,772 88,121 16,320 1,020 610,924 243,712 50,255 1986 ... 15,729 57,711 14,084 35,712 53,726 49,657 89,863 13,533 1,543 304 603,681 1987 ... 45,584 241,966 56,352 233,655 54,461 52,756 89,606 14,031 1,864 4,313 592,942 39,831 1988 ... 9,600 36,473 10,780 2,000 52,720 53,519 89,696 13,591 56,156 6,130 579,855 1989 ... 40,640 218,866 35,758 1,898 55,541 48,460 54,810 89,093 12,918 35,935 5,783 564,371 213,734 34,521 1990 ... 11,679 53,414 10,377 35,458 45,934 56,956 91,510 15,571 1,490 4,743 571,649 1991 ... 33,323 222,874 1,923 56,442 46,679 43,679 87,996 11,559 38,748 5,848 517,653 12,290 1992 ... 27,423 185,065 54,332 13,872 37,865 46,154 36,703 86,500 13,772 1,490 5,128 487,757 1993 ... 22,406 169,536 446,058 52,090 36,892 39,327 31,074 82,934 11,417 1,580 5,292 14,473 1994 ... 15,936 155,043 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. FY 2019 through FY 2023 is base funding only. SOURCE: Calculated from the Future Years Defense Program accompanying the FY 2019 President's Budget Request. Chapter 6 Table 6-5 105

113 Table 6-5: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TOA BY MAJOR FORCE PROGRAM (Continued) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Training, General Support Special Guard & Central Fiscal Strategic Admin & Mobility C3, Intel Research OCO to Continuing Other* Total Medical & of Other Purpose Space Ops Reserve Supply & Resolution Base Year Assoc Forces & Space Forces & Dev't Other Nations Forces Forces Forces Maint 441,732 29,518 82,709 12,685 1,440 5,306 40,773 48,117 17,600 1995 ... 13,317 153,804 36,463 36,894 40,115 27,894 82,468 11,673 1,491 5,338 432,860 1996 ... 12,515 148,860 48,564 17,047 35,744 5,203 26,724 79,603 12,095 1,626 17,047 421,994 1997 ... 10,223 146,418 47,408 39,903 35,307 5,487 25,653 76,781 12,212 1,501 16,574 417,532 1998 ... 10,706 145,957 47,229 40,125 5,559 18,121 26,586 75,253 13,037 1,643 40,296 428,864 49,070 151,943 10,586 1999 ... 36,769 17,746 36,646 39,604 30,151 79,199 12,687 1,500 5,446 188 2000 ... 10,601 156,306 49,610 439,684 54,395 38,489 43,263 28,149 85,395 13,603 1,189 4,491 4 469,167 2001 ... 10,319 173,488 16,380 20,088 38,529 29,656 87,299 31,504 1,807 7,059 95 512,986 179,483 11,814 2002 ... 56,382 49,271 9,251 42,352 36,440 91,798 15,860 2,732 54,533 606,443 77,277 241,983 11,419 2003 ... 22,798 19,884 41,010 60,669 36,416 89,937 21,229 3,717 8,640 -289 619,657 2004 ... 11,939 248,395 78,110 82,491 21,674 64,796 33,720 84,392 38,189 12,674 8,333 -325 654,943 2005 ... 11,757 257,166 40,075 22,965 10,457 66,147 36,076 97,580 12,577 9,767 87,579 -177 677,202 2006 ... 12,252 276,975 45,007 13,368 91,523 67,138 31,630 86,778 25,057 20,803 48,382 -752 743,301 322,861 12,372 2007 ... 24,144 100,184 27,112 49,064 64,671 36,000 89,826 38,909 11,870 14,648 801,115 2008 ... 12,694 356,137 103,234 340,556 64,099 32,779 99,847 34,820 12,210 14,414 784,471 11,631 2009 ... 22,997 47,885 22,587 303,960 35,808 81,584 104,782 18,357 13,649 797,046 11,423 2010 ... 40,134 103,781 60,981 49,283 16,105 34,237 97,947 34,432 20,111 20,908 779,059 2011 ... 13,563 329,466 107,446 55,561 16,755 20,496 35,677 97,238 27,324 16,011 53,952 725,489 103,937 291,029 13,981 2012 ... 49,091 17,344 45,955 48,053 31,085 90,365 25,992 2013 ... 15,424 640,716 12,147 254,301 89,678 10,370 88,842 46,561 48,291 29,873 89,734 22,006 10,525 14,975 628,515 2014 ... 12,548 247,296 17,865 17,451 10,413 47,951 26,504 86,965 20,254 88,521 16,119 604,783 2015 ... 12,396 234,750 43,458 8,025 93,397 52,948 26,313 85,391 24,727 42,999 16,464 623,050 242,970 11,955 2016 ... 17,860 92,937 18,475 43,348 54,608 25,797 85,392 20,446 9,380 17,551 713 781 633,642 2017 ... 13,199 251,016 90,331 260,061 55,618 25,071 88,335 15,369 11,302 17,902 11,874 -28,574 623,945 14,122 2018 ... 17,609 44,925 15,469 15,120 56,859 24,062 87,449 16,091 2,249 83,480 12,729 617,356 2019 ... 16,331 243,542 43,975 15,177 81,097 54,362 23,784 89,029 15,463 2,238 44,642 13,071 51,951 667,852 247,469 14,809 2020 ... 14,760 80,681 15,030 44,963 52,353 23,495 89,877 15,957 2,241 15,151 12,221 43,962 666,114 2021 ... 17,339 252,844 15,059 79,788 50,442 23,174 89,605 15,098 2,194 45,244 13,088 43,041 664,782 14,634 2022 ... 16,915 256,498 79,932 14,346 45,406 48,469 23,449 89,468 15,164 2,165 14,891 12,478 42,134 664,055 2023 ... 18,867 257,286 The "Other" column denotes differences between past President's Budget request data, and Future Years Defense Program data. * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. FY 2019 through FY 2023 is base funding only. SOURCE: Calculated from the Future Years Defense Program accompanying the FY 2019 President's Budget Request. Chapter 6 Table 6-5 106

114 Table 6-6: INYEARS DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Military Personnel 45,639 41,495 46,600 41,908 41,803 46,600 41,908 41,803 Military Personnel, Army ... 41,060 2,285 2,142 2,285 1,955 2,142 MERHFC, Army ... 1,955 2,142 2,285 1,955 28,030 30,812 28,361 28,030 30,812 28,333 28,123 27,569 30,532 Military Personnel, Navy ... 1,466 1,466 1,352 1,466 1,352 1,577 1,577 1,352 MERHFC, Navy ... 1,577 12,826 12,831 14,000 Military Personnel, Marine Corps ... 12,831 14,000 12,796 12,596 13,872 12,870 831 766 831 903 766 903 903 766 MERHFC, Marine Corps ... 831 Military Personnel, Air Force ... 28,545 28,644 31,491 28,726 28,644 31,491 28,283 28,586 31,298 1,561 MERHFC, Air Force ... 1,319 1,561 1,449 1,319 1,561 1,449 1,319 1,449 4,520 4,878 4,993 4,537 4,557 4,993 4,537 4,544 Reserve Personnel, Army ... 4,582 387 MERHFC, Reserve, Army ... 438 376 387 376 387 438 376 438 Reserve Personnel, Navy ... 1,936 1,920 2,079 1,939 1,920 2,079 1,912 1,895 2,059 143 123 131 143 123 131 143 123 MERHFC, Reserve, Navy ... 131 731 784 Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps ... 748 744 790 749 744 790 739 81 72 74 81 72 74 81 72 MERHFC, Reserve, Marine Corps ... 74 Reserve Personnel, Air Force ... 1,891 1,653 1,915 1,734 1,750 1,915 1,734 1,708 1,831 133 146 125 133 146 125 133 146 125 MERHFC, Reserve, Air Force ... 8,967 National Guard Personnel, Army ... 8,279 8,042 8,940 8,314 8,042 8,940 8,149 8,002 685 685 MERHFC, Army National Guard ... 654 757 654 757 685 654 757 3,348 National Guard Personnel, Air Force ... 3,245 3,731 3,267 3,433 3,731 3,267 3,345 3,735 255 236 MERHFC, Air National Guard ... 216 255 236 216 255 236 216 6,837 8,644 6,769 6,837 8,644 6,769 Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund ... Total Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 137,060 145,350 131,657 152,300 132,067 137,745 153,994 138,494 139,187 Total Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 6,961 8,147 7,533 6,960 8,147 7,533 6,961 8,146 7,533 ... Total Military Personnel Plus MERHFC 159,833 139,028 139,804 152,883 146,147 146,641 161,527 144,706 145,206 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-6 107

115 Table 6-6: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Operation and Maintenance 60,945 49,751 60,227 51,756 52,684 60,220 51,757 52,981 O&M, Army ... 53,897 47,846 50,866 46,206 53,769 48,420 49,809 53,761 48,409 47,922 O&M, Navy ... 7,666 7,954 7,717 7,667 7,957 7,697 7,293 7,585 7,751 O&M, Marine Corps ... 51,346 50,265 45,824 51,353 48,990 47,540 48,102 48,810 O&M, Air Force ... 48,105 O&M, Defense-Wide ... 39,731 40,397 44,903 39,995 40,398 44,918 37,945 35,797 42,386 346 Office of the Inspector General ... 326 332 354 329 332 354 329 313 2,758 2,746 2,760 2,959 2,824 2,736 2,959 2,758 2,736 O&M, Army Reserve ... 1,050 O&M, Navy Reserve ... 947 936 1,053 950 936 1,053 892 943 271 283 O&M, Marine Corps Reserve ... 273 272 275 274 272 275 271 3,457 3,111 2,921 3,321 3,183 3,205 3,321 3,183 3,192 O&M, Air Force Reserve ... 7,007 6,554 7,008 7,007 7,510 7,077 7,510 7,061 O&M, Army National Guard ... 6,994 O&M, Air National Guard ... 6,537 6,443 6,586 6,537 6,443 6,540 6,510 6,487 6,574 403 805 1,610 1,610 Counter-ISIL Transfer Fund ... 1,610 14 14 14 15 14 14 Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces ... 17 12 15 Drug Interdiction ... 1,207 941 1,207 941 604 855 1 International Sporting Competitions ... 1 34,081 32,641 33,953 33,751 33,863 31,813 33,882 33,504 Defense Health Program ... 33,148 169 203 169 203 2 169 Environmental Restoration, Army ... 335 287 329 287 329 287 Environmental Restoration, Navy ... 47 165 Environmental Restoration, Air Force ... 369 297 369 297 9 9 1 9 9 Environmental Restoration, Defense-Wide ... 212 Env Rest, Formerly Used Sites ... 88 173 221 221 212 108 123 Overseas Humanitarian Assistance ... 98 103 101 122 123 108 122 Cooperative Threat Reduction ... 323 335 330 323 335 345 336 316 328 -200 Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund ... Afghanistan Security Forces Fund ... 4,263 4,263 5,199 4,113 4,263 5,199 3,538 2,945 3,969 Afghanistan Infrastructure Fund ... 120 79 151 116 290 Iraq Train and Equip Fund ... 290 290 290 732 51 Defense Acquisition Workforce Development ... 500 400 -531 250 464 400 Ship Modernization and Sustainment ... -1,391 10 13 2 Emergency Response Fund ... 611 764 696 479 540 650 Allied Contributions and Cooperation Acct ... 2 1 1 2 2 2 Miscellaneous Special Funds ... 35 46 Lease of Real Property ... 36 23 32 37 31 Mutually Beneficial Activities ... 270 4 11 9 16 8 14 10 Disposal of Real Property ... 7 Overseas Military Facility Investment ... 1 2 1 2 Vietnam War Comm ... 3 Support of Athletic Programs ... 1,074 1,258 Misc Expired Accounts, Army ... 1,438 1,606 1,400 1,438 1,606 1,400 239 283,628 245,186 275,227 Total Operation and Maintenance ... 284,553 262,425 258,707 255,861 262,229 258,156 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-6 108

116 Table 6-6: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Procurement 5,054 5,637 4,213 5,170 5,290 4,146 5,152 5,340 Aircraft Procurement, Army ... 5,517 2,892 2,637 1,268 5,158 3,622 1,702 Missile Procurement, Army ... 5,158 3,622 2,892 2,671 5,596 2,829 2,671 5,596 2,829 1,987 2,173 2,690 Proc of Weapons and Tracked Veh ... 2,544 2,480 1,273 2,544 2,256 2,280 2,207 2,261 Proc of Ammunition, Army ... 2,207 7,868 7,849 9,382 7,760 7,856 9,396 6,388 6,754 Other Procurement, Army ... 7,798 379 494 399 427 427 427 427 Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund ... 16,835 16,701 19,122 16,740 16,725 19,150 14,763 14,731 16,168 Aircraft Procurement, Navy ... 3,164 Weapons Procurement, Navy ... 3,431 3,375 3,717 3,409 3,375 3,717 2,791 2,909 780 755 Proc of Ammunition, Navy & MC ... 806 791 1,253 791 1,253 888 841 16,137 14,616 14,239 21,871 20,714 20,083 22,069 20,714 20,384 Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy ... 773 773 307 74 National Sea-Based Deterrence ... 70 6,461 9,630 6,506 9,602 6,514 7,610 6,652 Other Procurement, Navy ... 6,463 6,197 10 10 Coastal Defense Augmentation ... Procurement, Marine Corps ... 1,659 1,630 2,918 1,659 1,630 2,964 1,155 1,403 1,689 12,235 Aircraft Procurement, Air Force ... 16,001 15,560 17,226 15,560 15,564 17,235 12,873 13,107 3,163 3,367 3,163 2,629 2,640 3,353 2,629 2,675 Missile Procurement, Air Force ... 3,282 1,712 2,123 Space Procurement, Air Force ... 2,750 2,632 2,528 2,650 2,632 2,528 1,361 1,684 1,305 3,009 2,123 2,135 3,009 2,123 2,135 Proc of Ammunition, Air Force ... 1,801 23,843 21,765 21,560 24,626 22,710 22,722 24,616 22,710 22,974 Other Procurement, Air Force ... Procurement, Defense-Wide ... 5,658 5,997 4,372 7,358 6,839 5,778 7,358 6,839 5,780 750 Nat'l Guard and Reserve Equipment ... 750 970 799 861 750 750 125 Defense Production Act Purchases ... 109 64 39 64 64 39 55 180 720 647 Chem Agents & Munitions Destruction ... 651 994 651 647 994 665 406 Joint Urgent Operational Needs ... 32 100 100 ... Total Procurement 125,983 124,337 125,609 144,539 104,119 107,422 118,643 125,556 144,545 RDT&E 10,076 RDT&E, Army ... 8,853 8,637 10,484 8,814 8,653 10,484 7,630 10,122 18,298 16,810 17,314 18,768 17,578 17,799 18,649 17,479 17,852 RDT&E, Navy ... 40,573 RDT&E, Air Force ... 36,374 25,937 24,939 28,254 27,848 40,493 28,198 28,382 19,543 20,092 22,517 RDT&E, Defense-Wide ... 20,181 22,588 18,065 19,736 21,165 19,478 202 Operational Test and Evaluation ... 189 187 221 189 187 221 178 184 Renew Energy Impact, Cont ... 1 ... Total RDT&E 74,817 68,126 72,788 74,129 92,365 74,592 92,634 86,116 74,853 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-6 109

117 Table 6-6: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Military Construction 2,605 1,262 1,273 579 583 1,273 579 614 Military Construction, Army ... 1,675 1,456 2,017 Military Construction, Navy & MC ... 1,356 2,771 1,534 1,465 2,771 1,456 1,470 1,772 2,072 1,770 1,772 2,072 1,838 716 1,227 1,634 Military Construction, Air Force ... 2,780 2,169 2,180 2,780 1,859 2,478 2,063 2,048 Military Construction, Defense-Wide ... 2,063 NATO Security Investment ... 299 147 171 148 147 171 107 189 245 297 Mil Construction, Army Nat'l Guard ... 312 310 180 312 310 180 280 255 167 169 82 129 160 168 129 167 168 Mil Construction, Air Nat'l Guard ... 168 Mil Construction, Army Reserve ... 108 108 65 108 108 65 156 204 41 Mil Construction, Navy Reserve ... 43 43 43 43 43 43 38 49 129 104 56 50 197 198 50 197 198 Mil Construction, Air Force Reserve ... Chem Demil Construction ... 4 12 6 29 63 32 63 133 DoD BRAC, Army ... 32 120 119 175 116 DoD BRAC, Navy ... 172 151 152 154 151 152 122 85 158 105 DoD BRAC, Air Force ... 56 53 56 56 53 88 67 -8 DoD BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 5 8 52 1 BRAC, Army (1990) ... 2 24 13 19 -3 BRAC, Navy (1990) ... 1 10 BRAC, Air Force (1990) ... 3 2 BRAC, Defense-Wide (1990) ... 8 FY 2005 BRAC, Army ... 39 5 5 5 6 4 FY 2005 BRAC, Navy ... 5 FY 2005 BRAC, Air Force ... 5 1 20 54 FY 2005 BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 75 Military Construction ... 6,673 9,949 8,314 7,593 7,080 9,801 6,894 7,080 9,801 Family Housing 156 Family Housing Construction, Army ... 92 75 331 125 157 331 158 156 321 324 377 326 324 Family Housing O&M, Army ... 335 322 385 377 67 Family Housing Construction, Navy & MC ... 96 93 105 94 93 105 44 50 301 Family Housing O&M, Navy & MC ... 322 315 299 259 315 299 306 343 68 Family Housing Construction, Air Force ... 66 61 78 61 61 78 27 66 308 222 264 317 273 274 317 273 264 Family Housing O&M, Air Force ... 1 Family Housing Construction, Defense-Wide ... 59 59 58 59 59 53 54 Family Housing O&M, D-W ... 58 48 1 -25 -25 -25 3 Homeowners Assistance Fund ... 89 37 2 87 Family Housing Improvement Fund ... 2 88 68 32 37 1 1 Unaccompanied Housing Improvement Fund ... Total Family Housing ... 1,583 1,128 1,208 1,583 1,276 1,335 1,382 1,276 1,362 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-6 110

118 Table 6-6: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2018* FY 2019 Revolving and Management Funds -27 -27 -25 National Defense Stockpile Fund ... 37 Pentagon Reservation Maint Rev Fund ... -220 161 National Defense Sealift Fund ... 42 100 581 511 594 262 Working Capital Fund, Army ... 165 -291 244 1,132 276 47 165 244 24 -587 -851 2,270 Working Capital Fund, Navy ... 66 64 78 -180 64 78 -395 408 Working Capital Fund, Air Force ... 25 -275 -470 48 415 10,225 1,116 415 37 Working Capital Fund, Defense ... 48 81 1,402 1,206 1,266 1,177 1,206 1,266 1,341 Working Capital Fund, DECA ... -83 Buildings Maintenance Fund ... -67 19 36 Total Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,928 15,134 1,928 1,557 -383 1,383 -10 2,348 1,557 Allowances -87 DoD Closed Accounts ... ... Total Allowances -87 Trust Funds 55 69 Voluntary Separation Trust Fund ... 63 55 65 69 146 107 119 87 Host Nation Support ... 140 143 1 National Security Education Trust ... 44 44 7 176 209 Foreign National Employees Separation Pay ... 7 52 -38 39 Surcharge Collections, Commissary ... 26 Army Gift Fund ... 12 5 5 13 5 1 1 6 1 Air Force Gift Fund ... 5 1 11 10 Ships Stores Profit ... 5 5 5 5 8 21 21 9 9 26 USNA Gift Fund ... 1 2 2 1 Navy Gift Fund ... 1 1 30 Support for US Relocation to Guam ... 243 217 385 252 268 Total Trust Funds ... 652 514 693 629 305 488 Interfund Transactions -44 -7 -44 -44 Foreign National Employees Separation Trust ... -7 -44 Payment to VSI ... -42 -37 -31 -42 -37 -31 -20 -20 -20 Profits from Sales of Ships Stores ... -11 -20 -11 ... Total Interfund Transactions -60 -95 -101 -101 -95 -60 * Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-6 111

119 Table 6-6: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Offsetting Receipts -1 -1 -1 -1 Rent of Equipment, Air Force ... -12 -12 -12 Sales of Material; Nat'l Def Stockpile ... -12 -21 -21 -21 -21 -21 -21 Deposits for Survivors, Defense ... -1 Sale of Scrap ... -1 -1 -1 -67 -60 -67 -60 Fam Hsg Improvement; Downward Reest ... Recov for Gov't Prop Lost, Army ... -12 -20 -12 -12 -20 -12 -156 -156 -21 -156 -156 Recoveries Under FMS, Navy ... -21 -22 Recoveries Under FMS, Army ... 30 -22 -22 30 -22 -41 Recoveries Under FMS, AF ... -13 -41 -41 -13 -41 -10 -5 -5 -10 -5 -5 Recoveries Under FMS, Defense ... -82 General Fund Proprietary, Navy ... -133 -82 -133 -82 -82 279 -68 -68 279 -68 General Fund Proprietary, Army ... -68 -51 General Fund Proprietary, AF ... -97 -97 -51 -97 -97 -87 -87 -87 -38 -87 -38 General Fund Proprietary, Defense ... 13 -45 -45 13 -45 -45 Undist Intragov't Payments, Navy ... Undist Intragov't Payments, Army ... -135 -135 9 Undist Intragov't Payments, AF ... 9 -19 -19 Undist Intragov't Payments, Defense ... -7 -7 -7 -7 Rocky Mountain Arsenal ... -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Proceeds from Transfer Commissary ... -138 -151 -96 -138 -151 -96 Burdensharing, Kuwait ... -248 -232 Burdensharing, Japan ... -232 -237 -237 -248 -326 -365 -278 -326 -365 -278 Burdensharing, South Korea ... -270 Contributions for MBA, Kuwait ... -270 -5 Disposal DoD Real Property, Army ... -5 -4 -5 -5 -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 -6 Disposal DoD Real Property, Navy ... -6 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 Lease of DoD Real Property, Army ... -9 Lease of DoD Real Property, Navy ... -9 -8 -9 -9 -8 -16 Lease of DoD Real Property, AF ... -15 -16 -12 -15 -12 -46 -5 -5 -46 -5 -5 Deposits, Army General Gift Fund ... -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 Proceeds from Support of Athletic Programs ... Contributions to DoD Gift Fund ... -7 -7 -7 -7 -6 -6 -4 -6 -6 -4 Collections, Contributions to Cooperative Threat Red ... -1 -1 -1 -1 Renew Energy Impact, Cont ... -1 -1 Total Offsetting Receipts ... -899 -1,555 -1,690 -899 -1,555 -1,690 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-6 112

120 Table 6-6: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays FY 2017 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2018* FY 2019 Summary by Military Department 157,234 174,324 181,979 158,287 159,347 181,996 158,354 159,018 Total Army ... 148,240 194,269 176,312 174,058 172,992 Total Navy ... 174,086 172,841 194,015 160,047 163,221 182,080 171,457 170,239 194,173 Total Air Force ... 170,120 170,162 194,139 156,315 161,765 122,687 117,333 104,291 124,934 117,353 108,855 110,878 104,754 Total Defense-Wide ... 115,919 ... Total Department of Defense 650,048 591,076 609,287 612,464 686,356 626,239 618,643 695,066 568,894 Summary by Public Law Title 159,833 145,206 139,028 139,804 Military Personnel with MERHFC ... 152,883 146,147 146,641 161,527 144,706 275,227 Operation and Maintenance ... 258,156 262,229 283,628 258,707 262,425 284,553 245,186 255,861 124,337 118,643 104,119 144,545 125,609 107,422 125,556 125,983 Procurement ... 144,539 72,788 86,116 RDT&E ... 74,817 74,592 92,365 74,129 74,853 92,634 68,126 8,314 6,673 9,801 7,080 6,894 9,801 7,080 7,593 Military Construction ... 9,949 1,583 1,382 1,362 1,276 Family Housing ... 1,335 1,276 1,583 1,208 1,128 -10 2,348 1,928 1,557 Revolving and Management Funds ... 15,134 1,928 1,557 -383 1,383 -87 Allowances ... 514 488 629 Trust Funds ... 693 305 652 -60 -101 -95 -60 -101 -95 Interfund Transactions ... Offsetting Receipts ... -899 -1,555 -1,690 -899 -1,555 -1,690 ... Total Department of Defense 609,287 591,076 568,894 650,048 618,643 626,239 686,356 612,464 695,066 * Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. OMB does not report a $20 billion OCO-to-base funding adjustment that DoD reports for FY19. Chapter 6 Table 6-6 113

121 Table 6-6: OUTYEARS DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Military Personnel 45,097 48,459 49,049 47,221 45,331 49,390 48,459 47,221 46,811 45,331 Military Personnel, Army ... 49,390 48,089 2,412 2,694 2,560 2,412 2,273 2,694 2,560 2,412 2,273 MERHFC, Army ... 2,560 2,273 2,694 34,597 32,489 31,467 34,597 33,637 32,702 31,672 34,378 33,637 32,702 31,672 Military Personnel, Navy ... 33,424 MERHFC, Navy ... 1,766 1,866 1,570 1,669 1,766 1,866 1,570 1,669 1,766 1,866 1,570 1,669 14,170 14,932 15,324 15,422 15,028 14,626 14,534 15,422 15,028 14,626 14,258 Military Personnel, Marine Corps ... 14,258 874 921 969 1,019 MERHFC, Marine Corps ... 874 921 969 1,019 874 921 969 1,019 31,463 32,905 33,774 34,662 Military Personnel, Air Force ... 31,628 33,998 34,879 31,628 32,905 33,998 34,879 32,678 1,544 1,740 1,840 1,640 1,544 1,840 1,740 1,640 1,544 MERHFC, Air Force ... 1,640 1,840 1,740 5,402 5,067 5,361 5,402 5,270 5,171 5,114 5,233 5,270 5,171 5,114 Reserve Personnel, Army ... 5,137 MERHFC, Reserve, Army ... 432 456 480 410 432 456 480 410 432 456 480 410 2,272 2,145 2,203 2,257 2,218 2,159 2,101 2,272 2,218 2,159 2,113 Reserve Personnel, Navy ... 2,113 161 138 145 153 161 MERHFC, Reserve, Navy ... 138 145 153 161 138 145 153 876 851 846 870 831 808 876 851 831 808 Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps ... 803 825 78 86 91 82 78 91 86 82 82 78 MERHFC, Reserve, Marine Corps ... 91 86 2,155 1,963 2,141 2,155 2,112 2,026 1,979 2,095 2,112 2,026 1,979 Reserve Personnel, Air Force ... 2,012 141 148 156 164 MERHFC, Reserve, Air Force ... 141 148 156 164 141 148 156 164 8,881 9,096 9,158 9,372 National Guard Personnel, Army ... 8,925 9,214 9,436 8,925 9,096 9,214 9,436 9,037 846 846 804 846 804 762 723 762 804 762 723 MERHFC, Army National Guard ... 723 4,361 3,956 4,075 4,238 4,336 National Guard Personnel, Air Force ... 3,986 4,100 4,266 4,361 3,986 4,100 4,266 300 285 285 300 268 253 300 285 268 253 MERHFC, Air National Guard ... 253 268 9,412 Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund ... 9,258 9,007 8,788 9,412 9,258 9,007 8,788 ... Total Military Personnel (No MERHFC) 163,251 167,161 145,813 150,835 155,053 158,790 154,601 159,842 164,311 168,202 153,755 158,749 9,461 8,003 8,480 8,973 9,461 Total Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 8,003 8,480 8,973 9,461 8,003 8,480 8,973 ... Total Military Personnel Plus MERHFC 164,026 167,229 172,224 176,622 168,322 162,604 168,251 177,663 159,315 153,816 173,284 161,758 Chapter 6 Table 6-6 114

122 Table 6-6: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Operation and Maintenance 52,304 45,116 45,711 43,921 42,215 46,613 45,116 43,921 42,215 O&M, Army ... 44,446 46,613 44,434 49,869 52,548 52,495 50,233 49,435 52,548 52,495 50,233 49,435 O&M, Navy ... 51,549 50,815 52,119 7,220 7,448 7,756 7,438 7,947 7,650 7,208 7,236 7,947 7,650 7,208 7,220 O&M, Marine Corps ... O&M, Air Force ... 44,533 42,448 43,422 44,483 45,143 42,448 43,422 44,483 45,143 45,899 43,888 43,760 O&M, Defense-Wide ... 40,726 40,930 36,985 40,509 41,676 41,094 36,985 40,509 41,676 41,094 41,653 39,516 336 351 358 Office of the Inspector General ... 333 347 355 361 333 347 355 361 343 3,173 2,961 3,114 3,173 3,086 2,993 2,971 3,030 3,086 2,993 2,971 O&M, Army Reserve ... 2,927 1,048 O&M, Navy Reserve ... 1,029 1,040 1,058 1,004 1,045 1,045 1,058 1,004 1,045 1,045 1,011 296 267 278 289 O&M, Marine Corps Reserve ... 267 268 289 296 267 268 289 268 3,318 3,525 3,564 3,456 3,384 3,604 3,525 3,402 3,456 3,384 O&M, Air Force Reserve ... 3,604 3,487 8,036 7,445 7,881 8,036 7,769 7,570 7,529 7,650 7,769 7,570 7,529 O&M, Army National Guard ... 7,507 6,426 6,604 6,695 6,829 O&M, Air National Guard ... 6,556 6,666 6,760 6,912 6,556 6,666 6,760 6,912 1,200 3,000 2,550 2,847 Overseas Contingency Operations ... 3,000 3,000 2,993 3,000 3,000 3,000 2,993 1,950 403 Counter-ISIL Transfer Fund ... 15 15 15 16 16 15 15 15 Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces ... 15 16 14 15 860 813 833 840 844 Drug Interdiction ... 801 828 844 860 801 828 844 37,588 36,475 35,930 36,930 35,740 34,868 37,588 36,475 35,740 34,868 Defense Health Program ... 34,327 35,164 203 193 193 189 188 158 193 189 188 Environmental Restoration, Army ... 188 158 189 318 314 328 Environmental Restoration, Navy ... 314 319 322 309 359 319 318 309 359 303 286 276 Environmental Restoration, Air Force ... 303 269 275 281 303 269 275 281 257 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 Environmental Restoration, Defense-Wide ... 9 204 216 218 223 215 219 223 227 215 219 Env Rest, Formerly Used Sites ... 227 223 116 111 109 111 Overseas Humanitarian Assistance ... 109 111 113 116 109 111 113 111 354 322 358 347 Cooperative Threat Reduction ... 340 345 354 358 327 345 340 340 243 550 1,097 3,125 Afghanistan Security Forces Fund ... 17 9 4 Iraq Train and Equip Fund ... 32 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 Defense Acquisition Workforce Development ... 337 400 Emergency Response Fund ... 6 728 713 715 743 Allied Contributions and Cooperation Acct ... 710 723 738 753 Miscellaneous Special Funds ... 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 40 39 38 47 40 40 39 Lease of Real Property ... 40 181 Mutually Beneficial Activities ... 210 232 233 194 89 136 157 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 15 Disposal of Real Property ... Misc Expired Accounts, Army ... 66 210 414 805 257,481 261,132 263,229 249,300 253,332 257,920 Total Operation and Maintenance ... 240,969 249,039 256,460 260,135 241,938 250,044 Chapter 6 Table 6-6 115

123 Table 6-6: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Procurement 4,866 3,332 3,540 3,691 3,448 3,280 3,969 3,332 3,691 3,448 Aircraft Procurement, Army ... 3,280 3,818 3,821 4,286 4,044 3,760 3,274 4,286 4,044 3,760 3,274 Missile Procurement, Army ... 3,817 3,960 3,862 4,228 4,411 4,452 3,700 5,064 4,606 4,342 4,135 5,064 4,606 4,342 4,228 Proc of Weapons and Tracked Veh ... Proc of Ammunition, Army ... 2,870 2,098 2,221 2,327 2,468 2,098 2,221 2,327 2,468 2,984 2,896 2,819 8,124 8,093 8,272 7,731 8,334 8,323 8,462 7,731 Other Procurement, Army ... 8,323 8,462 8,207 8,334 4 15 67 154 Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund ... 19,522 19,024 19,561 22,009 19,437 Aircraft Procurement, Navy ... 19,593 19,437 19,635 19,593 22,009 18,108 19,635 3,390 3,810 4,195 4,594 Weapons Procurement, Navy ... 4,018 4,664 4,839 5,439 4,018 4,664 4,839 5,439 938 1,186 1,102 1,139 Proc of Ammunition, Navy & MC ... 1,109 1,104 1,260 1,109 1,104 1,260 1,186 1,028 19,369 26,433 23,972 24,390 21,003 25,992 26,433 24,390 21,003 Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy ... 20,730 25,992 22,787 National Sea-Based Deterrence ... 70 70 70 70 10,618 9,611 9,971 8,521 10,082 10,135 9,642 10,618 10,082 9,642 Other Procurement, Navy ... 10,135 9,240 9 10 Coastal Defense Augmentation ... 10 2,361 Procurement, Marine Corps ... 3,226 3,399 3,294 3,345 3,712 3,197 3,294 3,345 3,712 3,197 2,891 22,944 18,198 18,432 19,193 Aircraft Procurement, Air Force ... 18,809 18,926 18,959 22,944 18,809 18,926 18,959 16,501 3,427 3,433 3,014 3,079 3,154 2,800 3,069 3,190 3,154 2,800 3,069 Missile Procurement, Air Force ... 3,427 2,916 2,325 2,342 2,383 2,563 Space Procurement, Air Force ... 2,596 2,096 2,635 2,916 2,596 2,096 2,635 1,609 1,646 1,812 1,706 1,431 1,503 1,609 1,646 1,431 1,503 Proc of Ammunition, Air Force ... 2,170 2,185 21,293 20,581 20,829 20,304 20,018 21,021 20,581 20,304 20,018 Other Procurement, Air Force ... 20,471 21,021 20,566 5,248 5,920 5,738 5,437 4,976 5,248 5,738 6,099 5,614 5,397 4,976 5,437 Procurement, Defense-Wide ... 83 213 540 799 Nat'l Guard and Reserve Equipment ... 72 34 32 36 36 31 31 36 36 Defense Production Act Purchases ... 31 101 31 875 939 866 846 989 899 810 826 989 899 Chem Agents & Munitions Destruction ... 826 810 99 89 93 96 Joint Urgent Operational Needs ... 99 99 99 99 99 99 99 77 ... Total Procurement 141,495 136,023 139,531 137,596 132,139 150,121 130,312 137,596 132,139 141,495 134,259 150,121 RDT&E 9,830 10,095 9,218 8,687 RDT&E, Army ... 9,391 8,878 8,773 8,476 9,391 8,878 8,773 8,476 18,440 14,326 14,573 14,404 16,067 17,581 14,326 14,404 16,067 17,581 RDT&E, Navy ... 17,203 15,440 41,569 42,361 41,134 42,460 42,498 43,702 42,376 42,529 42,498 43,702 42,376 41,569 RDT&E, Air Force ... RDT&E, Defense-Wide ... 21,998 20,392 21,180 23,191 20,337 20,138 21,180 23,191 20,337 20,138 22,798 22,573 208 206 209 205 Operational Test and Evaluation ... 205 210 211 202 205 210 211 202 ... Total RDT&E 87,426 89,325 86,387 87,426 90,722 89,926 85,640 92,411 90,722 89,926 85,640 92,437 Chapter 6 Table 6-6 116

124 Table 6-6: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Military Construction 2,654 729 1,921 1,005 1,149 772 729 2,629 1,005 1,149 Military Construction, Army ... 772 2,291 2,046 2,797 2,205 2,450 2,359 2,797 2,205 2,116 2,450 2,359 Military Construction, Navy & MC ... 1,637 2,217 1,649 1,806 1,858 1,649 2,619 2,670 1,844 2,281 2,619 2,670 1,844 Military Construction, Air Force ... 2,037 2,419 2,717 2,652 Military Construction, Defense-Wide ... 3,544 2,706 2,954 2,403 3,544 2,706 2,954 2,403 2,155 261 178 176 NATO Security Investment ... 172 175 181 172 175 178 181 248 211 425 262 296 425 431 257 209 236 431 257 209 Mil Construction, Army Nat'l Guard ... 216 148 136 142 143 Mil Construction, Air Nat'l Guard ... 130 153 143 121 130 153 143 121 126 94 82 84 Mil Construction, Army Reserve ... 61 78 88 61 78 94 88 90 42 40 46 52 52 62 40 52 52 45 Mil Construction, Navy Reserve ... 62 48 59 95 70 Mil Construction, Air Force Reserve ... 50 47 56 125 50 47 56 59 83 1 Chem Demil Construction ... 135 110 65 47 DoD BRAC, Army ... 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 140 116 105 DoD BRAC, Navy ... 159 127 125 106 159 127 125 106 149 57 57 89 98 56 55 54 140 56 55 54 DoD BRAC, Air Force ... 163 14 DoD BRAC, Defense-Wide ... -2 58 2 4 BRAC, Army (1990) ... 2 4 BRAC, Navy (1990) ... BRAC, Air Force (1990) ... 2 3 13 BRAC, Defense-Wide (1990) ... 3 5 FY 2005 BRAC, Army ... 5 3 FY 2005 BRAC, Navy ... 5 3 FY 2005 BRAC, Air Force ... FY 2005 BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 28 54 790 1,427 1,427 FY 2015 BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 118 530 790 ... Military Construction 10,365 10,667 9,850 9,853 10,485 10,202 9,850 9,853 10,485 10,202 10,244 9,781 Family Housing 220 193 169 140 130 92 119 140 130 92 119 Family Housing Construction, Army ... 143 383 343 331 Family Housing O&M, Army ... 351 339 341 324 351 339 341 324 345 178 88 118 178 193 111 107 101 193 111 107 Family Housing Construction, Navy & MC ... 79 315 326 331 338 Family Housing O&M, Navy & MC ... 322 334 335 344 322 334 335 344 72 74 87 141 97 104 74 141 97 104 Family Housing Construction, Air Force ... 73 83 295 296 282 302 315 308 309 307 315 308 309 295 Family Housing O&M, Air Force ... Family Housing O&M, D-W ... 58 58 57 58 59 59 57 58 59 59 57 58 3 2 2 2 Family Housing Improvement Fund ... 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ... Total Family Housing 1,471 1,414 1,410 1,471 1,381 1,379 1,415 1,334 1,381 1,379 1,415 1,409 Chapter 6 Table 6-6 117

125 Table 6-6: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Revolving and Management Funds -1 -5 -8 7 National Defense Stockpile Fund ... 54 54 83 Pentagon Reservation Maint Rev Fund ... 28 National Defense Sealift Fund ... 20 20 101 671 753 1,313 Working Capital Fund, Army ... 101 128 103 110 30 103 110 128 -1,022 -1,001 -980 -772 Working Capital Fund, Navy ... -90 -110 -113 93 96 77 80 Working Capital Fund, Air Force ... 96 77 80 228 93 -783 -671 -685 -700 Working Capital Fund, Defense ... 49 50 51 52 49 50 51 52 128 Working Capital Fund, DECA ... -13 -295 -301 38 Buildings Maintenance Fund ... 25 59 28 Total Revolving and Management Funds ... -340 -1,995 239 242 235 -1,333 -341 242 273 239 235 273 Trust Funds 46 39 33 27 46 39 33 27 Voluntary Separation Trust Fund ... 169 334 254 120 158 154 148 Host Nation Support ... 151 Foreign National Employees Separation Pay ... 44 44 44 44 154 128 67 44 17 17 28 37 Surcharge Collections, Commissary ... 5 Army Gift Fund ... 5 5 5 10 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Air Force Gift Fund ... 1 5 Ships Stores Profit ... 5 5 5 5 5 5 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 USNA Gift Fund ... 1 Navy Gift Fund ... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 335 548 381 74 433 459 464 542 Support for US Relocation to Guam ... ... Total Trust Funds 808 591 633 324 811 929 935 819 Interfund Transactions -44 -44 -44 -44 -44 -44 -44 Foreign National Employees Separation Trust ... -44 -19 -15 -27 -22 -19 -27 -15 Payment to VSI ... -22 -20 -20 -20 -20 -20 -20 Profits from Sales of Ships Stores ... -20 -20 Total Interfund Transactions ... -86 -83 -79 -91 -86 -83 -79 -91 Chapter 6 Table 6-6 118

126 Table 6-6: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Offsetting Receipts -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Rent of Equipment, Air Force ... -1 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 Sales of Material; Nat'l Def Stockpile ... -12 Deposits for Survivors, Defense ... -21 -21 -21 -21 -21 -21 -21 -21 -1 Sale of Scrap ... -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 Recov for Gov't Prop Lost, Army ... -156 -156 Recoveries Under FMS, Navy ... -156 -156 -156 -156 -156 -156 -22 Recoveries Under FMS, Army ... -22 -22 -22 -22 -22 -22 -22 Recoveries Under FMS, AF ... -41 -41 -41 -41 -41 -41 -41 -41 -5 Recoveries Under FMS, Defense ... -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 General Fund Proprietary, Navy ... -82 -82 -82 -82 -82 -82 -82 -82 General Fund Proprietary, Army ... -68 -68 -68 -68 -68 -68 -68 -68 General Fund Proprietary, AF ... -97 -97 -97 -97 -97 -97 -97 -97 General Fund Proprietary, Defense ... -87 -87 -87 -87 -87 -87 -87 -87 -45 -45 Undist Intragov't Payments, Navy ... -45 -45 -45 -45 -45 -45 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 Rocky Mountain Arsenal ... -1 Proceeds from Transfer Commissary ... -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -149 -146 -143 -140 -149 -146 -143 -140 Burdensharing, Kuwait ... Burdensharing, Japan ... -251 -246 -241 -237 -251 -246 -241 -237 -339 -346 -353 -333 -339 -346 -353 Burdensharing, South Korea ... -333 -233 -194 -232 -210 -194 -233 -232 -210 Contributions for MBA, Kuwait ... -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 Disposal DoD Real Property, Army ... -4 -4 -4 Disposal DoD Real Property, Navy ... -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 -13 Lease of DoD Real Property, Army ... -12 -13 -13 -13 -12 -13 -13 Lease of DoD Real Property, Navy ... -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -16 Lease of DoD Real Property, AF ... -16 -16 -16 -16 -16 -16 -16 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 Deposits, Army General Gift Fund ... -3 Proceeds from Support of Athletic Programs ... -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 Contributions to DoD Gift Fund ... -6 -6 -6 Collections, Contributions to Cooperative Threat Red ... -6 -6 -6 -6 -6 -1 Renew Energy Impact, Cont ... -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1,645 -1,696 -1,682 -1,645 -1,672 -1,696 -1,682 -1,672 ... Total Offsetting Receipts Chapter 6 Table 6-6 119

127 Table 6-6: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays FY 2023 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Summary by Military Department 160,878 153,789 159,194 160,321 148,809 160,986 157,003 153,896 168,134 148,916 Total Army ... 156,896 160,069 187,419 183,484 196,279 204,462 Total Navy ... 188,893 191,881 194,525 199,770 204,750 188,605 194,237 199,482 184,816 186,085 187,668 191,279 Total Air Force ... 182,354 186,271 191,677 196,400 182,214 186,130 191,537 196,260 117,522 121,124 121,760 121,730 123,380 122,821 122,857 120,123 113,864 113,153 108,158 Total Defense-Wide ... 113,488 45,800 27,295 38,003 41,981 44,937 OCO to Base ... 53,000 45,800 45,800 45,800 53,000 45,800 45,800 20,000 20,000 15,740 17,980 19,400 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 10,300 Total Department of Defense ... 750,780 720,465 733,946 722,813 741,799 736,536 695,153 707,439 701,321 713,979 727,403 710,149 Summary by Public Law Title 161,758 167,229 172,224 176,622 Military Personnel with MERHFC ... 153,816 159,315 164,026 168,251 162,604 168,322 173,284 177,663 241,938 263,229 253,332 257,920 261,132 257,481 250,044 249,300 260,135 256,460 249,039 Operation and Maintenance ... 240,969 150,121 130,312 134,259 136,023 139,531 Procurement ... 132,139 137,596 141,495 150,121 132,139 137,596 141,495 85,640 87,426 89,325 86,387 90,722 89,926 85,640 87,426 90,722 89,926 RDT&E ... 92,411 92,437 9,781 10,485 10,667 9,853 9,850 10,202 10,485 9,853 9,850 Military Construction ... 10,244 10,202 10,365 1,415 1,334 1,410 1,415 1,471 1,381 1,379 1,414 1,471 1,381 1,379 Family Housing ... 1,409 -340 -341 -1,333 Revolving and Management Funds ... 242 273 239 235 242 273 239 235 -1,995 819 Trust Funds ... 808 591 633 324 811 929 935 Interfund Transactions ... -83 -86 -91 -79 -83 -86 -91 -79 -1,672 Offsetting Receipts ... -1,645 -1,682 -1,696 -1,672 -1,645 -1,682 -1,696 45,800 41,981 44,937 53,000 45,800 45,800 45,800 53,000 45,800 45,800 OCO to Base ... 27,295 38,003 20,000 10,300 17,980 19,400 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 15,740 ... Total Department of Defense 695,153 707,439 720,465 733,946 701,321 713,979 727,403 741,799 710,149 722,813 736,536 750,780 NOTE: OMB does not report OCO-to-base funding adjustments that DoD reports ($53.0B in FY20, $45.8B in FY21, $45.8B in FY22, and $45.8B in FY23). Chapter 6 Table 6-6 120

128 Table 6-7: INYEARS DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Military Personnel 45,639 43,354 46,600 42,890 43,685 46,600 42,890 43,685 Military Personnel, Army ... 42,021 2,369 2,142 2,369 2,096 2,142 MERHFC, Army ... 2,096 2,142 2,369 2,096 28,681 30,812 29,613 28,681 30,812 29,584 29,362 28,209 30,532 Military Personnel, Navy ... 1,466 1,466 1,450 1,466 1,450 1,635 1,635 1,450 MERHFC, Navy ... 1,635 13,405 13,136 14,000 Military Personnel, Marine Corps ... 13,136 14,000 13,371 12,894 13,872 13,450 831 822 831 936 822 936 936 822 MERHFC, Marine Corps ... 831 Military Personnel, Air Force ... 29,822 29,316 31,491 30,009 29,316 31,491 29,547 29,255 31,298 1,619 MERHFC, Air Force ... 1,415 1,619 1,449 1,415 1,619 1,449 1,415 1,449 4,631 4,878 4,993 4,648 4,766 4,993 4,648 4,752 Reserve Personnel, Army ... 4,789 387 MERHFC, Reserve, Army ... 454 404 387 404 387 454 404 454 Reserve Personnel, Navy ... 2,022 1,965 2,079 2,026 1,965 2,079 1,997 1,940 2,059 148 132 131 148 132 131 148 132 MERHFC, Reserve, Navy ... 131 748 784 Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps ... 781 761 790 783 761 790 772 84 77 74 84 77 74 84 77 MERHFC, Reserve, Marine Corps ... 74 Reserve Personnel, Air Force ... 1,891 1,727 1,915 1,775 1,828 1,915 1,775 1,785 1,873 133 151 134 133 151 134 133 151 134 MERHFC, Reserve, Air Force ... 8,967 National Guard Personnel, Army ... 8,666 8,237 8,940 8,702 8,237 8,940 8,529 8,195 685 685 MERHFC, Army National Guard ... 702 785 702 785 685 702 785 3,499 National Guard Personnel, Air Force ... 3,392 3,731 3,345 3,514 3,731 3,345 3,496 3,735 264 236 MERHFC, Air National Guard ... 232 264 236 232 264 236 232 6,953 8,644 6,995 6,953 8,644 6,995 Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund ... Total Military Personnel (No MERHFC) ... 140,232 145,350 134,755 152,300 137,998 143,835 153,994 141,709 145,355 Total Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,464 8,448 7,533 7,464 8,448 7,533 7,464 8,448 7,533 ... Total Military Personnel Plus MERHFC 159,833 145,462 143,203 152,883 152,819 150,157 161,527 151,299 148,680 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-7 121

129 Table 6-7: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Operation and Maintenance 60,945 51,359 60,227 52,522 54,482 60,220 52,523 54,790 O&M, Army ... 54,648 49,587 50,866 47,836 53,769 49,052 50,433 53,761 49,041 49,665 O&M, Navy ... 7,776 7,954 7,975 7,777 7,957 7,954 7,525 7,688 7,751 O&M, Marine Corps ... 51,346 50,265 47,519 51,353 50,867 48,138 48,751 50,681 O&M, Air Force ... 48,755 O&M, Defense-Wide ... 41,042 40,975 44,903 41,315 40,976 44,918 39,134 36,261 42,386 346 Office of the Inspector General ... 335 335 354 339 335 354 338 315 2,796 2,781 2,850 2,959 2,824 2,830 2,959 2,796 2,829 O&M, Army Reserve ... 1,050 O&M, Navy Reserve ... 990 948 1,053 993 948 1,053 932 955 271 292 O&M, Marine Corps Reserve ... 283 277 275 284 277 275 275 3,457 3,141 3,039 3,321 3,215 3,335 3,321 3,215 3,322 O&M, Air Force Reserve ... 7,087 6,764 7,244 7,087 7,510 7,315 7,510 7,061 O&M, Army National Guard ... 7,069 O&M, Air National Guard ... 6,613 6,443 6,845 6,613 6,443 6,791 6,582 6,487 6,832 403 819 1,637 1,637 Counter-ISIL Transfer Fund ... 1,664 14 14 14 15 15 14 Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces ... 17 12 15 Drug Interdiction ... 1,227 941 1,227 941 612 855 1 International Sporting Competitions ... 1 34,081 32,641 33,953 34,843 36,101 33,846 34,978 35,715 Defense Health Program ... 34,201 172 203 172 203 2 169 Environmental Restoration, Army ... 335 292 329 292 329 292 Environmental Restoration, Navy ... 48 165 Environmental Restoration, Air Force ... 376 297 376 297 9 9 1 9 9 Environmental Restoration, Defense-Wide ... 212 Env Rest, Formerly Used Sites ... 89 173 225 225 212 108 128 Overseas Humanitarian Assistance ... 100 106 101 125 128 108 125 Cooperative Threat Reduction ... 330 335 342 330 335 356 341 316 340 -207 Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund ... Afghanistan Security Forces Fund ... 4,418 4,342 5,199 4,262 4,342 5,199 3,656 2,995 3,969 Afghanistan Infrastructure Fund ... 124 80 153 116 295 Iraq Train and Equip Fund ... 300 295 300 756 49 Defense Acquisition Workforce Development ... 506 400 -550 250 480 400 Ship Modernization and Sustainment ... -1,440 10 13 2 Emergency Response Fund ... 632 778 696 495 549 650 Allied Contributions and Cooperation Acct ... 2 1 1 2 2 2 Miscellaneous Special Funds ... 35 46 Lease of Real Property ... 36 24 33 37 31 Mutually Beneficial Activities ... 270 4 11 9 16 8 14 10 Disposal of Real Property ... 7 Overseas Military Facility Investment ... 1 2 1 2 Vietnam War Comm ... 3 Support of Athletic Programs ... 1,092 1,258 Misc Expired Accounts, Army ... 1,490 1,636 1,400 1,490 1,636 1,400 247 283,628 254,501 275,227 Total Operation and Maintenance ... 284,553 266,701 268,952 259,801 266,500 268,371 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-7 122

130 Table 6-7: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Procurement 5,054 5,825 4,213 5,270 5,491 4,146 5,252 5,543 Aircraft Procurement, Army ... 5,611 3,002 2,637 1,310 5,158 3,692 1,731 Missile Procurement, Army ... 5,158 3,692 3,002 2,724 5,596 2,937 2,724 5,596 2,937 2,054 2,210 2,690 Proc of Weapons and Tracked Veh ... 2,544 2,480 1,316 2,544 2,342 2,319 2,250 2,347 Proc of Ammunition, Army ... 2,250 8,163 8,000 9,382 8,050 8,006 9,396 6,601 6,868 Other Procurement, Army ... 7,798 379 502 413 435 443 435 443 Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund ... 17,472 17,023 19,122 17,374 17,047 19,150 15,255 14,981 16,168 Aircraft Procurement, Navy ... 3,164 Weapons Procurement, Navy ... 3,560 3,440 3,717 3,538 3,440 3,717 2,884 2,958 780 784 Proc of Ammunition, Navy & MC ... 837 806 1,253 806 1,253 918 855 16,137 14,864 14,713 21,871 21,121 20,864 22,069 21,121 21,176 Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy ... 799 799 318 75 National Sea-Based Deterrence ... 70 6,584 9,630 6,722 9,602 6,755 7,610 6,898 Other Procurement, Navy ... 6,586 6,302 10 10 Coastal Defense Augmentation ... Procurement, Marine Corps ... 1,722 1,661 2,918 1,722 1,661 2,964 1,194 1,427 1,689 12,443 Aircraft Procurement, Air Force ... 16,621 15,865 17,226 16,163 15,869 17,235 13,302 13,107 3,163 3,367 3,163 2,679 2,740 3,465 2,679 2,776 Missile Procurement, Air Force ... 3,338 1,741 2,123 Space Procurement, Air Force ... 2,854 2,683 2,528 2,750 2,683 2,528 1,407 1,713 1,348 3,009 2,165 2,218 3,009 2,165 2,218 Proc of Ammunition, Air Force ... 1,801 23,843 22,135 22,277 24,626 23,117 23,515 24,616 23,116 23,776 Other Procurement, Air Force ... Procurement, Defense-Wide ... 5,754 5,997 4,517 7,358 6,970 5,994 7,358 6,970 5,996 765 Nat'l Guard and Reserve Equipment ... 765 1,002 812 861 780 780 125 Defense Production Act Purchases ... 113 65 39 66 65 39 57 183 720 659 Chem Agents & Munitions Destruction ... 674 994 674 659 994 687 413 Joint Urgent Operational Needs ... 32 100 100 ... Total Procurement 130,708 129,001 128,009 144,539 107,584 109,248 118,643 127,954 144,545 RDT&E 10,076 RDT&E, Army ... 9,144 8,768 10,484 9,104 8,785 10,484 7,862 10,268 18,298 17,027 17,846 18,768 17,827 18,382 18,649 17,726 18,436 RDT&E, Navy ... 40,573 RDT&E, Air Force ... 36,374 26,349 25,759 28,736 28,819 40,493 28,679 29,372 20,229 20,451 22,517 RDT&E, Defense-Wide ... 20,542 22,588 18,662 20,066 21,165 20,162 202 Operational Test and Evaluation ... 195 191 221 195 191 221 184 187 Renew Energy Impact, Cont ... 1 ... Total RDT&E 77,375 70,312 73,896 76,663 92,365 75,815 92,634 86,116 76,080 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-7 123

131 Table 6-7: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Military Construction 2,605 1,303 1,273 584 603 1,273 584 636 Military Construction, Army ... 1,698 1,484 2,017 Military Construction, Navy & MC ... 1,401 2,771 1,560 1,522 2,771 1,484 1,528 1,807 2,072 1,839 1,807 2,072 1,909 739 1,248 1,634 Military Construction, Air Force ... 2,780 2,169 2,253 2,780 1,932 2,520 2,104 2,128 Military Construction, Defense-Wide ... 2,104 NATO Security Investment ... 309 150 171 153 150 171 111 192 245 297 Mil Construction, Army Nat'l Guard ... 325 316 180 325 316 180 290 260 170 172 85 129 160 174 129 170 174 Mil Construction, Air Nat'l Guard ... 168 Mil Construction, Army Reserve ... 112 110 65 112 110 65 161 208 41 Mil Construction, Navy Reserve ... 45 44 43 45 44 43 39 50 129 106 58 50 201 206 50 201 206 Mil Construction, Air Force Reserve ... Chem Demil Construction ... 4 12 6 31 63 32 63 138 DoD BRAC, Army ... 32 122 119 181 116 DoD BRAC, Navy ... 178 154 152 160 154 152 125 86 158 108 DoD BRAC, Air Force ... 57 53 58 57 53 91 68 -8 DoD BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 5 8 53 1 BRAC, Army (1990) ... 2 24 13 19 -3 BRAC, Navy (1990) ... 1 10 BRAC, Air Force (1990) ... 3 2 BRAC, Defense-Wide (1990) ... 8 FY 2005 BRAC, Army ... 40 5 5 5 7 4 FY 2005 BRAC, Navy ... 5 FY 2005 BRAC, Air Force ... 5 1 20 54 FY 2005 BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 78 Military Construction ... 6,893 9,949 8,450 7,886 7,212 9,801 7,161 7,212 9,801 Family Housing 159 Family Housing Construction, Army ... 94 78 331 125 163 331 164 159 333 329 377 337 329 Family Housing O&M, Army ... 346 327 385 377 67 Family Housing Construction, Navy & MC ... 99 95 105 98 95 105 45 50 311 Family Housing O&M, Navy & MC ... 333 315 304 263 315 304 316 343 68 Family Housing Construction, Air Force ... 69 62 78 64 62 78 28 67 308 225 271 317 277 283 317 277 272 Family Housing O&M, Air Force ... 1 Family Housing Construction, Defense-Wide ... 61 60 58 61 60 55 54 Family Housing O&M, D-W ... 58 49 1 -25 -26 -25 3 Homeowners Assistance Fund ... 93 37 2 90 Family Housing Improvement Fund ... 2 91 70 32 37 1 1 Unaccompanied Housing Improvement Fund ... Total Family Housing ... 1,583 1,146 1,247 1,583 1,298 1,382 1,382 1,298 1,410 Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-7 124

132 Table 6-7: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Revolving and Management Funds -27 -27 -26 National Defense Stockpile Fund ... 163 -227 Pentagon Reservation Maint Rev Fund ... 37 42 National Defense Sealift Fund ... 530 613 102 602 248 281 Working Capital Fund, Army ... 271 47 165 1,170 248 165 -300 -879 -597 2,346 24 Working Capital Fund, Navy ... Working Capital Fund, Air Force ... 68 65 78 -187 65 78 -408 415 25 10,570 -275 -486 48 422 1,135 48 422 Working Capital Fund, Defense ... 38 Working Capital Fund, DECA ... 1,449 1,227 1,266 1,216 1,227 1,266 1,385 -84 81 Buildings Maintenance Fund ... -69 19 36 Total Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,961 15,646 1,961 1,557 -396 1,407 -10 2,429 1,557 Allowances DoD Closed Accounts ... -89 ... Total Allowances -89 Trust Funds Voluntary Separation Trust Fund ... 55 71 64 55 66 71 146 110 121 87 Host Nation Support ... 145 145 1 National Security Education Trust ... 45 44 7 179 209 Foreign National Employees Separation Pay ... 7 52 -39 40 Surcharge Collections, Commissary ... 26 Army Gift Fund ... 12 5 5 14 5 1 1 6 1 Air Force Gift Fund ... 5 1 12 11 Ships Stores Profit ... 5 5 5 5 8 22 22 9 9 27 USNA Gift Fund ... 1 2 2 1 Navy Gift Fund ... 1 1 268 31 Support for US Relocation to Guam ... 251 221 385 256 Total Trust Funds ... 652 532 693 640 315 497 Interfund Transactions -44 -7 -45 -44 Foreign National Employees Separation Trust ... -7 -45 Payment to VSI ... -43 -37 -31 -43 -37 -31 -20 -20 -20 Profits from Sales of Ships Stores ... -11 -20 -11 Total Interfund Transactions ... -62 -103 -62 -103 -95 -95 * Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-7 125

133 Table 6-7: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 Offsetting Receipts -1 -1 -1 -1 Rent of Equipment, Air Force ... -12 -12 Sales of Material; Nat'l Def Stockpile ... -12 -12 -21 -21 -21 Deposits for Survivors, Defense ... -21 -21 -21 -1 -1 -1 Sale of Scrap ... -1 -1 -1 -68 -62 -68 -62 Fam Hsg Improvement; Downward Reest ... -12 -12 -21 -12 -12 Recov for Gov't Prop Lost, Army ... -21 -156 -156 Recoveries Under FMS, Navy ... -22 -159 -22 -159 -22 Recoveries Under FMS, Army ... 31 -22 -22 31 -22 -13 -42 -41 -13 -42 -41 Recoveries Under FMS, AF ... -5 Recoveries Under FMS, Defense ... -10 -5 -5 -10 -5 -137 -83 -82 -137 -82 General Fund Proprietary, Navy ... -83 -68 -69 288 -68 -69 288 General Fund Proprietary, Army ... -53 General Fund Proprietary, AF ... -53 -99 -97 -99 -97 -88 -39 -87 -88 -39 General Fund Proprietary, Defense ... -87 13 -46 -45 13 -46 -45 Undist Intragov't Payments, Navy ... Undist Intragov't Payments, Army ... -139 -139 9 9 Undist Intragov't Payments, AF ... -20 Undist Intragov't Payments, Defense ... -20 -7 -7 -7 Rocky Mountain Arsenal ... -7 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Proceeds from Transfer Commissary ... -154 -138 Burdensharing, Kuwait ... -138 -99 -99 -154 -232 -252 -245 -232 -252 -245 Burdensharing, Japan ... -287 Burdensharing, South Korea ... -287 -371 -326 -371 -326 -270 -270 Contributions for MBA, Kuwait ... Disposal DoD Real Property, Army ... -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -6 -4 -4 -6 -4 -4 Disposal DoD Real Property, Navy ... -12 Lease of DoD Real Property, Army ... -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -8 Lease of DoD Real Property, Navy ... -9 -8 -9 -9 -9 -12 -17 -15 -12 -17 -15 Lease of DoD Real Property, AF ... -5 -5 -48 -5 -5 -48 Deposits, Army General Gift Fund ... -3 -3 Proceeds from Support of Athletic Programs ... -3 -3 -3 -3 -7 -7 -7 -7 Contributions to DoD Gift Fund ... Collections, Contributions to Cooperative Threat Red ... -4 -6 -6 -6 -4 -6 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Renew Energy Impact, Cont ... -1,690 -928 -1,690 -1,582 -928 ... -1,582 Total Offsetting Receipts * Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-7 126

134 Table 6-7: INYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays FY 2017 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2017 FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2018* FY 2019 Summary by Military Department 160,077 174,324 181,979 161,290 165,593 181,996 161,358 165,254 Total Army ... 153,850 194,269 176,312 180,840 176,122 Total Navy ... 180,863 175,969 194,015 165,994 165,999 182,080 178,142 173,253 194,173 Total Air Force ... 176,756 173,174 194,139 162,174 164,469 127,953 117,333 108,657 124,934 119,797 111,038 113,211 109,406 Total Defense-Wide ... 115,919 ... Total Department of Defense 650,048 601,583 633,642 623,945 686,356 651,165 630,230 695,066 590,675 Summary by Public Law Title 159,833 148,680 145,462 143,203 Military Personnel with MERHFC ... 152,883 152,819 150,157 161,527 151,299 275,227 Operation and Maintenance ... 268,371 266,500 283,628 268,952 266,701 284,553 254,501 259,801 129,001 118,643 107,584 144,545 128,009 109,248 127,954 130,708 Procurement ... 144,539 73,896 86,116 RDT&E ... 77,375 75,815 92,365 76,663 76,080 92,634 70,312 8,450 6,893 9,801 7,212 7,161 9,801 7,212 7,886 Military Construction ... 9,949 1,583 1,382 1,410 1,298 Family Housing ... 1,382 1,298 1,583 1,247 1,146 -10 2,429 1,961 1,557 Revolving and Management Funds ... 15,646 1,961 1,557 -396 1,407 -89 Allowances ... 532 497 640 Trust Funds ... 693 315 652 -62 -103 -95 -62 -103 -95 Interfund Transactions ... Offsetting Receipts ... -928 -1,582 -1,690 -928 -1,582 -1,690 ... Total Department of Defense 633,642 601,583 590,675 650,048 630,230 651,165 686,356 623,945 695,066 * Continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). NOTE: All war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-7 127

135 Table 6-7: OUTYEARS DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Military Personnel 44,164 45,549 45,171 45,304 44,390 45,482 45,549 45,304 44,912 44,390 Military Personnel, Army ... 45,482 45,204 2,237 2,314 2,284 2,237 2,190 2,314 2,284 2,237 2,190 MERHFC, Army ... 2,284 2,190 2,314 31,870 31,177 30,819 31,870 31,625 31,380 31,020 31,669 31,625 31,380 31,020 Military Personnel, Navy ... 31,425 MERHFC, Navy ... 1,576 1,603 1,512 1,548 1,576 1,603 1,512 1,548 1,576 1,603 1,512 1,548 13,876 14,035 14,112 14,202 14,125 14,032 13,944 14,202 14,125 14,032 13,962 Military Personnel, Marine Corps ... 13,962 842 854 864 876 MERHFC, Marine Corps ... 842 854 864 876 842 854 864 876 30,812 31,570 31,749 31,923 Military Personnel, Air Force ... 30,973 31,958 32,123 30,973 31,570 31,958 32,123 31,354 1,487 1,553 1,580 1,521 1,487 1,580 1,553 1,521 1,487 MERHFC, Air Force ... 1,521 1,580 1,553 4,972 4,961 4,934 4,972 4,951 4,959 5,007 4,917 4,951 4,959 5,007 Reserve Personnel, Army ... 4,927 MERHFC, Reserve, Army ... 401 407 412 395 401 407 412 395 401 407 412 395 2,092 2,058 2,071 2,079 2,085 2,071 2,057 2,092 2,085 2,071 2,069 Reserve Personnel, Navy ... 2,069 138 133 134 136 138 MERHFC, Reserve, Navy ... 133 134 136 138 133 134 136 807 800 795 802 797 791 807 800 797 791 Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps ... 786 792 75 77 78 76 75 78 77 76 76 75 MERHFC, Reserve, Marine Corps ... 78 77 1,985 1,923 1,972 1,985 1,986 1,944 1,938 1,969 1,986 1,944 1,938 Reserve Personnel, Air Force ... 1,930 135 137 139 141 MERHFC, Reserve, Air Force ... 135 137 139 141 135 137 139 141 8,696 8,724 8,606 8,627 National Guard Personnel, Army ... 8,738 8,657 8,686 8,738 8,724 8,657 8,686 8,668 727 727 717 727 717 707 696 707 717 707 696 MERHFC, Army National Guard ... 696 4,017 3,874 3,909 3,984 3,993 National Guard Personnel, Air Force ... 3,903 3,933 4,010 4,017 3,903 3,933 4,010 258 254 254 258 249 244 258 254 249 244 MERHFC, Air National Guard ... 244 249 8,704 Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payment Mil Ret Fund ... 8,733 8,666 8,624 8,704 8,733 8,666 8,624 ... Total Military Personnel (No MERHFC) 153,489 153,985 142,790 144,714 145,747 146,235 151,414 153,380 154,479 154,939 150,593 152,338 8,126 7,710 7,863 8,008 8,127 Total Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,710 7,863 8,008 8,126 7,710 7,863 8,008 ... Total Military Personnel Plus MERHFC 153,755 160,201 161,497 162,112 161,243 159,124 154,361 163,065 152,577 150,500 162,487 158,303 Chapter 6 Table 6-7 128

136 Table 6-7: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Operation and Maintenance 51,395 42,585 42,303 42,299 41,478 43,120 42,585 42,299 41,478 O&M, Army ... 42,821 43,120 41,958 48,127 48,689 49,635 48,463 48,629 48,689 49,635 48,463 48,629 O&M, Navy ... 48,757 49,997 48,306 7,093 7,032 7,178 7,310 7,351 7,221 6,942 6,971 7,351 7,221 6,942 7,093 O&M, Marine Corps ... O&M, Air Force ... 41,288 41,760 41,901 42,071 41,837 41,760 41,901 42,071 41,837 45,161 42,364 41,404 O&M, Defense-Wide ... 38,447 37,870 36,336 39,004 39,329 38,008 36,336 39,004 39,329 38,008 40,929 38,063 330 332 331 Office of the Inspector General ... 328 335 335 334 328 335 335 334 331 2,936 2,853 2,882 2,936 2,913 2,882 2,919 2,862 2,913 2,882 2,919 O&M, Army Reserve ... 2,877 1,032 O&M, Navy Reserve ... 976 966 1,041 971 991 971 1,041 971 991 971 978 273 257 263 267 O&M, Marine Corps Reserve ... 262 258 273 273 262 258 273 263 3,272 3,342 3,311 3,342 3,335 3,347 3,342 3,291 3,342 3,335 O&M, Air Force Reserve ... 3,347 3,307 7,436 7,319 7,295 7,436 7,336 7,293 7,399 7,226 7,336 7,293 7,399 O&M, Army National Guard ... 7,235 6,328 6,380 6,339 6,336 O&M, Air National Guard ... 6,454 6,437 6,399 6,411 6,454 6,437 6,399 6,411 1,178 2,828 2,405 2,633 Overseas Contingency Operations ... 2,942 2,885 2,766 2,942 2,885 2,828 2,766 1,876 395 Counter-ISIL Transfer Fund ... 15 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces ... 15 15 14 15 795 798 802 792 781 Drug Interdiction ... 786 796 796 795 786 796 796 32,670 32,847 32,371 32,116 33,343 33,703 32,670 32,847 33,343 33,703 Defense Health Program ... 33,192 32,820 200 182 178 182 185 146 182 182 185 Environmental Restoration, Army ... 181 146 178 306 302 322 Environmental Restoration, Navy ... 296 313 298 291 332 313 306 291 332 291 270 256 Environmental Restoration, Air Force ... 297 259 259 259 297 259 259 259 252 8 8 9 9 8 8 9 Environmental Restoration, Defense-Wide ... 9 200 208 206 206 211 211 210 210 211 211 Env Rest, Formerly Used Sites ... 210 210 107 106 103 102 Overseas Humanitarian Assistance ... 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 109 334 316 331 320 Cooperative Threat Reduction ... 333 331 334 331 315 331 333 321 224 519 1,056 3,067 Afghanistan Security Forces Fund ... 17 8 4 Iraq Train and Equip Fund ... 31 370 377 377 370 385 392 370 377 385 392 Defense Acquisition Workforce Development ... 331 385 Emergency Response Fund ... 6 687 700 688 687 Allied Contributions and Cooperation Acct ... 696 695 696 696 Miscellaneous Special Funds ... 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 37 37 37 46 37 37 38 Lease of Real Property ... 38 167 Mutually Beneficial Activities ... 206 223 220 179 87 131 148 9 8 9 9 8 8 9 15 Disposal of Real Property ... Misc Expired Accounts, Army ... 61 198 398 790 241,646 239,643 258,262 239,309 237,843 236,797 Total Operation and Maintenance ... 236,329 238,957 240,684 238,722 237,279 239,923 Chapter 6 Table 6-7 129

137 Table 6-7: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Procurement 4,775 3,140 3,274 3,548 3,381 3,030 3,819 3,140 3,548 3,381 Aircraft Procurement, Army ... 3,030 3,601 3,676 3,960 3,811 3,615 3,210 3,960 3,811 3,615 3,210 Missile Procurement, Army ... 3,600 3,886 3,572 4,145 4,161 4,117 3,631 4,679 4,341 4,174 3,979 4,679 4,341 4,174 4,145 Proc of Weapons and Tracked Veh ... Proc of Ammunition, Army ... 2,654 2,057 2,135 2,193 2,281 2,057 2,135 2,193 2,281 2,929 2,787 2,659 7,816 7,634 7,649 7,581 8,011 7,844 7,818 7,581 Other Procurement, Army ... 7,844 7,818 8,054 8,011 4 14 65 151 Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund ... 18,782 17,944 18,089 20,335 19,058 Aircraft Procurement, Navy ... 18,465 19,058 18,875 18,465 20,335 17,771 18,875 3,327 3,666 3,957 4,248 Weapons Procurement, Navy ... 3,940 4,483 4,560 5,025 3,940 4,483 4,560 5,025 920 1,096 1,039 1,054 Proc of Ammunition, Navy & MC ... 1,088 1,061 1,188 1,088 1,061 1,188 1,096 989 19,008 24,910 22,168 23,444 20,592 24,014 24,910 23,444 20,592 Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy ... 19,945 24,014 21,494 National Sea-Based Deterrence ... 69 67 65 66 9,811 9,065 9,221 8,363 9,692 9,553 9,455 9,811 9,692 9,455 Other Procurement, Navy ... 9,553 8,889 8 10 Coastal Defense Augmentation ... 10 2,317 Procurement, Marine Corps ... 3,042 3,144 3,230 3,216 3,498 2,954 3,230 3,216 3,498 2,954 2,781 21,198 17,509 17,386 17,749 Aircraft Procurement, Air Force ... 18,441 18,192 17,867 21,198 18,441 18,192 17,867 16,193 3,166 3,369 2,843 2,847 2,972 2,691 3,009 3,069 2,972 2,691 3,009 Missile Procurement, Air Force ... 3,166 2,695 2,282 2,253 2,248 2,370 Space Procurement, Air Force ... 2,545 2,015 2,484 2,695 2,545 2,015 2,484 1,486 1,551 1,709 1,578 1,375 1,474 1,486 1,551 1,375 1,474 Proc of Ammunition, Air Force ... 2,129 2,103 20,896 19,405 19,262 19,527 19,637 19,432 19,405 19,527 19,637 Other Procurement, Air Force ... 19,695 19,432 19,399 4,849 5,696 5,627 5,227 4,690 4,849 5,627 5,985 5,295 4,991 4,690 5,227 Procurement, Defense-Wide ... 76 201 520 784 Nat'l Guard and Reserve Equipment ... 69 32 30 35 35 29 29 35 35 Defense Production Act Purchases ... 29 99 29 858 903 817 783 970 864 764 763 970 864 Chem Agents & Munitions Destruction ... 763 764 92 86 88 89 Joint Urgent Operational Needs ... 98 96 94 92 98 96 94 75 ... Total Procurement 133,358 128,303 129,032 132,277 129,572 138,713 127,882 132,277 129,572 133,358 129,173 138,713 RDT&E 9,655 9,719 8,699 8,036 RDT&E, Army ... 9,220 8,544 8,275 7,836 9,220 8,544 8,275 7,836 18,119 13,249 13,482 13,592 15,469 17,268 13,249 13,592 15,469 17,268 RDT&E, Navy ... 16,568 14,575 40,785 40,764 40,378 40,056 39,284 41,207 40,759 39,332 39,284 41,207 40,759 40,785 RDT&E, Air Force ... RDT&E, Defense-Wide ... 20,750 18,858 20,776 22,303 19,174 18,614 20,776 22,303 19,174 18,614 22,375 21,719 204 198 197 190 Operational Test and Evaluation ... 201 202 199 186 201 202 199 186 ... Total RDT&E 82,448 84,277 79,898 82,448 87,276 88,250 79,169 90,731 87,276 88,250 79,169 88,967 Chapter 6 Table 6-7 130

138 Table 6-7: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Military Construction 2,607 688 1,777 968 1,130 714 688 2,531 968 1,130 Military Construction, Army ... 714 2,162 1,968 2,584 2,078 2,355 2,313 2,584 2,078 1,996 2,355 2,313 Military Construction, Navy & MC ... 1,606 2,050 1,523 1,738 1,823 1,523 2,468 2,566 1,808 2,110 2,468 2,566 1,808 Military Construction, Air Force ... 1,921 2,328 2,563 2,452 Military Construction, Defense-Wide ... 3,475 2,601 2,784 2,220 3,475 2,601 2,784 2,220 2,115 251 168 163 NATO Security Investment ... 168 168 167 168 168 168 167 243 199 393 257 274 393 406 247 205 222 406 247 205 Mil Construction, Army Nat'l Guard ... 208 145 130 134 133 Mil Construction, Air Nat'l Guard ... 127 147 135 112 127 147 135 112 124 88 77 78 Mil Construction, Army Reserve ... 60 75 81 60 75 88 81 87 41 38 42 50 51 57 38 50 51 43 Mil Construction, Navy Reserve ... 57 45 57 92 65 Mil Construction, Air Force Reserve ... 49 43 52 122 49 43 52 57 78 1 Chem Demil Construction ... 132 106 61 43 DoD BRAC, Army ... 65 64 62 61 65 64 62 61 138 110 98 DoD BRAC, Navy ... 156 122 119 99 156 122 119 99 144 53 53 84 90 53 53 53 135 53 53 53 DoD BRAC, Air Force ... 160 14 DoD BRAC, Defense-Wide ... -2 56 2 4 BRAC, Army (1990) ... 2 4 BRAC, Navy (1990) ... BRAC, Air Force (1990) ... 2 3 13 BRAC, Defense-Wide (1990) ... 3 5 FY 2005 BRAC, Army ... 5 3 FY 2005 BRAC, Navy ... 5 3 FY 2005 BRAC, Air Force ... FY 2005 BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 27 53 745 1,319 1,319 FY 2015 BRAC, Defense-Wide ... 111 490 745 ... Military Construction 9,778 9,866 9,660 9,474 9,883 9,427 9,660 9,474 9,883 9,427 9,858 9,601 Family Housing 212 182 156 137 125 87 110 137 125 87 110 Family Housing Construction, Army ... 140 376 324 306 Family Housing O&M, Army ... 345 326 322 300 345 326 322 300 332 164 85 109 164 182 107 105 95 182 107 105 Family Housing Construction, Navy & MC ... 77 309 314 312 312 Family Housing O&M, Navy & MC ... 316 321 316 318 316 321 316 318 70 68 81 133 94 101 68 133 94 101 Family Housing Construction, Air Force ... 70 79 290 287 277 287 294 292 299 287 294 292 299 290 Family Housing O&M, Air Force ... Family Housing O&M, D-W ... 55 54 56 55 56 54 56 55 56 54 56 55 3 2 2 2 Family Housing Improvement Fund ... 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ... Total Family Housing 1,389 1,336 1,307 1,389 1,329 1,353 1,311 1,310 1,329 1,353 1,311 1,357 Chapter 6 Table 6-7 131

139 Table 6-7: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Revolving and Management Funds -1 -5 -8 7 National Defense Stockpile Fund ... 51 53 77 Pentagon Reservation Maint Rev Fund ... 27 National Defense Sealift Fund ... 20 19 99 633 739 1,264 Working Capital Fund, Army ... 99 123 95 104 28 95 104 123 -945 -944 -943 -758 Working Capital Fund, Navy ... -86 -104 -104 91 92 73 74 Working Capital Fund, Air Force ... 92 73 74 224 91 -768 -646 -646 -647 Working Capital Fund, Defense ... 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 126 Working Capital Fund, DECA ... -13 -278 -278 36 Buildings Maintenance Fund ... 25 57 26 Total Revolving and Management Funds ... -334 -1,845 225 238 217 -1,258 -328 238 263 225 217 263 Trust Funds 45 37 31 25 45 37 31 25 Voluntary Separation Trust Fund ... 156 315 245 117 146 146 146 Host Nation Support ... 146 Foreign National Employees Separation Pay ... 43 42 42 41 151 123 63 41 16 16 27 36 Surcharge Collections, Commissary ... 5 Army Gift Fund ... 5 5 5 9 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Air Force Gift Fund ... 1 5 Ships Stores Profit ... 5 5 5 5 5 5 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 USNA Gift Fund ... 1 Navy Gift Fund ... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 322 538 359 68 425 441 437 501 Support for US Relocation to Guam ... ... Total Trust Funds 793 568 597 299 796 894 882 757 Interfund Transactions -41 -43 -42 -42 -43 -42 -42 Foreign National Employees Separation Trust ... -41 -18 -14 -27 -22 -18 -27 -14 Payment to VSI ... -22 -19 -19 -18 -19 -20 -18 Profits from Sales of Ships Stores ... -19 -20 Total Interfund Transactions ... -83 -79 -73 -90 -83 -79 -73 -90 Chapter 6 Table 6-7 132

140 Table 6-7: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays Appropriation Account FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Offsetting Receipts -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Rent of Equipment, Air Force ... -1 -12 -11 -11 -12 -12 -11 -11 Sales of Material; Nat'l Def Stockpile ... -12 Deposits for Survivors, Defense ... -19 -20 -20 -19 -19 -20 -20 -19 -1 Sale of Scrap ... -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -12 -12 -11 -11 -12 -12 -11 -11 Recov for Gov't Prop Lost, Army ... -144 -153 Recoveries Under FMS, Navy ... -153 -150 -147 -144 -150 -147 -21 Recoveries Under FMS, Army ... -20 -21 -21 -21 -20 -21 -21 Recoveries Under FMS, AF ... -40 -39 -39 -38 -40 -39 -39 -38 -5 Recoveries Under FMS, Defense ... -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 General Fund Proprietary, Navy ... -80 -79 -77 -76 -80 -79 -77 -76 General Fund Proprietary, Army ... -64 -65 -67 -63 -64 -65 -67 -63 General Fund Proprietary, AF ... -95 -90 -91 -93 -95 -90 -91 -93 General Fund Proprietary, Defense ... -85 -84 -82 -80 -85 -84 -82 -80 -42 -42 Undist Intragov't Payments, Navy ... -44 -43 -42 -44 -43 -42 -6 -7 -7 -7 -6 -7 -7 -7 Rocky Mountain Arsenal ... -1 Proceeds from Transfer Commissary ... -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -137 -137 -138 -137 -137 -137 -138 -137 Burdensharing, Kuwait ... Burdensharing, Japan ... -232 -232 -232 -233 -232 -232 -232 -233 -326 -326 -326 -327 -326 -326 -326 Burdensharing, South Korea ... -327 -220 -179 -223 -206 -179 -220 -223 -206 Contributions for MBA, Kuwait ... -5 -5 -5 -4 -5 -5 -5 -4 Disposal DoD Real Property, Army ... -4 -3 -3 Disposal DoD Real Property, Navy ... -4 -3 -3 -3 -3 -12 Lease of DoD Real Property, Army ... -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 -12 Lease of DoD Real Property, Navy ... -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -9 -15 Lease of DoD Real Property, AF ... -15 -16 -15 -15 -15 -16 -15 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 Deposits, Army General Gift Fund ... -3 Proceeds from Support of Athletic Programs ... -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -7 -7 -7 -6 -7 -7 -7 -6 Contributions to DoD Gift Fund ... -6 -6 -6 Collections, Contributions to Cooperative Threat Red ... -6 -6 -6 -6 -6 -1 Renew Energy Impact, Cont ... -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1,615 -1,600 -1,618 -1,615 -1,546 -1,600 -1,618 -1,546 ... Total Offsetting Receipts Chapter 6 Table 6-7 133

141 Table 6-7: OUTYEARS (Continued) DoD TOA, BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAYS BY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT (DISCRETIONARY AND MANDATORY) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) TOA Budget Authority Outlays FY 2023 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2021 FY 2022 Summary by Military Department 148,253 147,705 149,822 147,787 145,895 148,352 147,707 147,808 164,908 146,000 Total Army ... 147,606 153,796 180,272 180,086 181,236 188,720 Total Navy ... 185,314 180,838 187,027 188,197 188,986 185,032 186,750 187,926 181,426 179,053 176,955 176,726 Total Air Force ... 178,938 179,161 180,664 181,388 178,800 179,026 180,532 181,258 114,837 118,427 113,364 110,555 111,994 114,291 117,170 114,607 103,194 105,173 105,648 Total Defense-Wide ... 108,157 42,138 26,768 36,492 39,471 41,359 OCO to Base ... 51,951 43,962 43,041 42,134 51,951 43,962 43,041 18,401 19,198 15,114 16,905 17,855 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 19,604 18,795 18,399 19,604 19,198 18,795 10,101 Total Department of Defense ... 690,765 677,355 675,518 693,810 682,454 692,191 681,716 679,334 687,456 685,312 683,577 696,119 Summary by Public Law Title 158,303 160,201 161,497 162,112 Military Personnel with MERHFC ... 150,500 152,577 153,755 154,361 159,124 161,243 162,487 163,065 237,279 258,262 237,843 236,797 239,643 241,646 239,923 239,309 238,722 240,684 238,957 Operation and Maintenance ... 236,329 138,713 127,882 129,173 128,303 129,032 Procurement ... 129,572 132,277 133,358 138,713 129,572 132,277 133,358 79,169 82,448 84,277 79,898 87,276 88,250 79,169 82,448 87,276 88,250 RDT&E ... 90,731 88,967 9,601 9,883 9,866 9,474 9,660 9,427 9,883 9,474 9,660 Military Construction ... 9,858 9,427 9,778 1,311 1,310 1,307 1,311 1,389 1,329 1,353 1,336 1,389 1,329 1,353 Family Housing ... 1,357 -334 -328 -1,258 -1,845 238 263 225 217 238 263 Revolving and Management Funds ... 217 225 757 894 796 299 882 568 793 Trust Funds ... 597 -73 Interfund Transactions ... -90 -83 -79 -73 -90 -83 -79 -1,546 -1,600 -1,618 -1,615 -1,546 -1,600 -1,618 -1,615 Offsetting Receipts ... 43,962 26,768 41,359 OCO to Base ... 42,138 43,041 36,492 51,951 42,134 43,041 43,962 51,951 39,471 18,401 10,101 15,114 16,905 17,855 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 19,604 19,198 18,795 18,399 19,604 19,198 18,795 ... Total Department of Defense 683,577 679,334 677,355 675,518 693,810 696,119 682,454 690,765 685,312 687,456 692,191 681,716 Chapter 6 Table 6-7 134

142 Table 6-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 4,891 12,130 11,559 11,140 11,058 11,038 10,415 4,301 8,709 Military Personnel ... 4,507 11,152 342 345 424 495 515 567 387 Retired Pay, Defense ... 175 193 180 357 12,948 10,628 10,295 8,036 9,009 9,526 10,108 Operation and Maintenance ... 3,858 4,191 4,332 12,116 22,257 29,367 9,648 6,762 8,016 9,405 9,477 Procurement ... 3,695 1,745 3,728 20,766 3,964 1,254 2,290 2,335 3,340 4,220 2,233 610 242 461 RDT&E ... 1,755 2,471 4,037 2,336 313 896 1,269 1,475 2,086 Military Construction ... 253 127 388 Family Housing ... 75 75 55 Revolving and Management Funds ... 100 1,119 75 168 574 775 360 -189 -572 -273 -362 -396 -339 224 -943 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -183 -212 -206 ... Total Current Dollars 36,971 34,319 30,425 32,791 35,916 14,086 10,433 11,800 47,534 48,603 60,196 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 207,833 211,506 201,987 191,270 180,911 Military Personnel ... 169,349 91,506 98,254 96,824 155,609 182,618 3,852 4,040 4,693 4,840 5,294 5,301 5,786 Retired Pay, Defense ... 3,064 3,360 3,270 3,967 110,357 156,887 127,342 103,910 108,432 109,661 135,146 64,591 67,077 65,820 Operation and Maintenance ... 140,542 197,488 275,112 190,666 89,264 63,171 73,718 81,918 83,443 Procurement ... 39,068 17,695 36,319 12,448 16,960 20,678 26,995 32,154 30,074 RDT&E ... 5,144 2,625 6,161 21,140 21,075 Military Construction ... 19,319 9,776 10,850 15,249 33,590 7,284 2,925 2,264 1,133 3,291 20,737 581 526 380 Family Housing ... 8,630 510 820 2,902 6,330 4,523 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,455 -1,495 -1,661 -2,244 -2,792 -2,934 -2,334 1,525 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -8,409 -4,808 -1,832 -1,493 Total Constant Dollars ... 445,860 397,573 402,192 420,695 416,672 583,058 533,706 198,457 185,336 699,185 210,079 Percent Real Growth (%) 60.7 -4.5 -5.4 0.9 -7.3 1.8 -5.3 -1.5 7.4 Military Personnel ... 33.6 1.8 16.2 3.1 9.4 0.1 9.1 Retired Pay, Defense ... 9.7 -2.7 17.8 3.0 -13.9 11.6 4.4 1.1 0.6 117.6 -3.7 1.9 Operation and Maintenance ... -5.8 -18.4 39.3 -53.2 11.1 1.9 -30.7 -29.2 16.7 443.8 105.3 -54.7 Procurement ... RDT&E ... -1.9 30.5 19.1 -6.5 -49.0 134.7 102.0 36.2 24.6 -0.3 -42.5 -84.9 149.0 34.2 11.0 40.5 Military Construction ... -50.0 190.5 530.1 62.0 Total Real Growth ... 13.4 -10.8 1.2 4.6 -1.0 31.0 154.1 -16.6 -6.6 -23.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-8 135

143 Table 6-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 10,989 12,655 13,257 15,473 18,377 20,023 21,427 10,823 Military Personnel ... 11,790 10,881 11,713 1,026 790 1,600 1,839 2,095 2,450 715 640 Retired Pay, Defense ... 1,228 920 1,399 11,503 11,496 15,339 19,441 20,961 22,349 12,603 10,702 10,317 10,276 Operation and Maintenance ... 11,705 16,647 15,645 13,836 20,013 22,871 23,408 Procurement ... 12,709 11,596 11,716 15,746 20,543 6,402 6,984 6,483 6,746 7,172 7,285 7,629 RDT&E ... 5,278 5,725 6,033 6,993 1,168 1,204 1,049 2,566 1,098 1,543 949 1,061 1,364 1,384 Military Construction ... 787 440 590 644 631 Family Housing ... 507 612 512 57 30 30 666 1,383 516 961 Revolving and Management Funds ... 325 1 1,014 101 279 -200 -231 -143 -157 -133 234 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -109 65 -183 ... Total Current Dollars 76,905 49,058 63,555 72,177 76,286 41,386 40,907 41,402 48,014 49,627 49,560 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 171,507 172,142 173,126 182,668 204,836 Military Personnel ... 213,867 164,219 162,099 161,547 174,962 212,513 8,864 11,465 12,844 14,053 15,581 17,173 19,062 Retired Pay, Defense ... 6,104 6,875 7,615 9,965 160,843 107,983 109,840 126,186 150,873 158,148 107,284 104,195 105,532 108,138 Operation and Maintenance ... 110,229 130,387 134,359 119,598 103,148 138,007 151,335 148,143 124,411 Procurement ... 106,605 94,563 98,767 45,562 49,266 44,639 45,878 45,161 45,563 RDT&E ... 38,783 41,384 43,093 48,733 44,312 6,883 6,488 6,652 8,849 6,442 8,376 15,726 Military Construction ... 10,287 9,991 7,766 5,731 4,517 4,371 4,468 3,343 Family Housing ... 3,194 384 205 201 3,210 4,196 3,874 3,046 5,496 6,184 8,739 6 2,158 Revolving and Management Funds ... -722 -1,208 -1,306 -1,460 -870 -926 -763 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 1,556 1,870 427 671 Total Constant Dollars ... 453,217 533,025 583,810 595,981 578,116 469,019 481,776 436,075 422,520 423,610 484,935 Percent Real Growth (%) 8.3 0.4 5.5 12.1 3.7 0.6 0.6 -0.3 -1.3 -3.0 Military Personnel ... -2.0 12.4 15.1 12.0 9.4 10.9 10.2 11.0 Retired Pay, Defense ... 5.5 12.6 10.8 16.4 -2.0 5.8 14.9 19.6 4.8 1.7 -1.3 -2.4 -2.0 Operation and Maintenance ... -0.6 2.4 -13.8 -11.0 9.7 -2.1 -16.0 3.0 33.8 32.0 4.4 -11.3 27.8 Procurement ... RDT&E ... -9.1 0.7 2.8 -1.6 0.9 29.0 6.7 4.1 5.7 8.1 -1.1 46.2 -22.5 6.1 128.5 -57.7 33.0 -27.2 Military Construction ... -32.5 -2.9 -22.3 -26.2 Total Real Growth ... 0.3 -3.4 17.6 9.5 2.1 -3.0 13.7 0.7 -3.1 4.7 -3.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-8 136

144 Table 6-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 22,964 24,963 25,430 26,118 27,246 28,703 31,014 22,995 Military Personnel ... 23,727 22,643 24,167 5,151 3,901 8,238 9,180 10,283 11,965 3,391 2,858 Retired Pay, Defense ... 6,251 4,442 7,326 21,735 23,958 32,111 34,734 38,038 46,372 28,733 20,804 20,437 21,529 Operation and Maintenance ... 26,109 17,028 16,698 20,991 27,922 29,529 31,428 Procurement ... 17,867 15,702 17,777 17,473 35,283 7,960 8,572 9,451 10,439 11,371 12,437 13,561 RDT&E ... 7,406 7,066 7,519 8,176 2,293 1,563 2,360 2,204 1,641 2,319 1,927 1,287 1,322 960 Military Construction ... 1,356 967 1,099 1,157 1,229 1,258 Family Housing ... 1,563 1,526 604 717 860 1,346 135 423 726 1,336 Revolving and Management Funds ... 5 158 220 -105 -119 -147 -172 -148 -492 -727 -140 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -152 -106 -174 ... Total Current Dollars 142,621 95,508 108,338 115,322 125,004 75,006 71,159 74,083 77,555 85,661 80,991 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 149,730 144,081 138,819 135,137 132,199 Military Personnel ... 131,532 205,425 189,060 169,058 156,746 131,209 25,684 28,889 30,490 32,371 33,551 34,715 36,038 Retired Pay, Defense ... 20,685 22,187 23,933 27,161 136,173 121,968 122,872 127,286 126,825 130,686 122,885 126,590 130,927 146,320 Operation and Maintenance ... 123,172 82,564 73,094 64,203 72,894 93,689 90,377 86,775 88,592 Procurement ... 105,111 87,018 91,442 38,135 35,579 35,444 35,535 34,900 34,824 RDT&E ... 42,066 38,133 38,475 33,899 33,792 7,146 6,269 4,583 5,943 5,559 5,580 6,566 Military Construction ... 5,088 6,341 5,721 5,418 4,815 4,761 4,491 4,488 Family Housing ... 3,902 3,546 3,940 4,507 4,862 5,177 4,617 1,358 2,134 3,549 755 502 632 25 Revolving and Management Funds ... -699 -696 -545 -591 -474 -1,445 -1,933 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -772 -628 -538 -511 Total Constant Dollars ... 410,732 435,149 428,442 429,534 438,236 404,975 436,071 527,494 476,979 459,188 417,590 Percent Real Growth (%) -7.3 -3.8 -2.7 -2.2 -0.7 0.2 -3.7 -10.6 -8.0 -3.9 Military Personnel ... -4.5 5.8 6.4 5.5 6.2 3.6 3.5 3.8 Retired Pay, Defense ... 8.5 7.3 7.9 7.3 -1.0 -2.7 3.6 -0.4 3.0 4.2 -3.3 -10.5 -9.0 Operation and Maintenance ... 0.8 0.0 13.5 -12.2 -3.5 -4.0 2.1 -11.5 28.5 -9.7 5.1 -17.2 -15.5 Procurement ... RDT&E ... -0.3 4.9 0.3 -1.8 -0.2 -7.7 -9.3 0.9 -0.9 -6.7 -4.7 3.0 12.3 14.0 -8.1 -30.2 29.7 -6.5 Military Construction ... -21.0 24.6 -9.8 -5.3 Total Real Growth ... -3.7 1.4 5.9 -1.5 0.3 2.0 -5.0 -4.2 -9.6 -8.8 -3.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-8 137

145 Table 6-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 45,688 67,794 74,010 76,584 78,477 78,876 84,213 36,909 Military Personnel ... 48,363 42,875 67,773 16,155 16,503 Retired Pay, Defense ... 13,840 14,986 74,890 79,610 81,629 55,551 88,409 117,234 Operation and Maintenance ... 62,469 66,544 70,953 77,812 86,221 96,842 92,506 80,234 80,053 79,390 81,376 71,740 Procurement ... 48,025 64,462 80,355 86,161 31,327 20,060 35,644 36,521 37,530 36,459 36,193 RDT&E ... 16,609 22,798 26,867 33,609 5,188 4,510 5,093 5,349 5,738 5,130 5,281 4,512 4,916 3,398 Military Construction ... 5,517 2,669 2,890 2,803 3,075 3,199 3,276 3,143 Family Housing ... 2,004 2,203 2,712 3,296 1,075 5,088 5,235 2,612 1,246 897 466 2,701 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,677 2,494 2,774 -650 -714 -809 -827 -693 -859 -44,358 -649 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -447 -365 -729 ... Total Current Dollars 276,208 279,469 283,755 290,837 292,999 239,474 213,751 178,365 258,150 281,390 286,802 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 180,985 176,704 Military Personnel ... 184,401 182,974 180,969 183,029 136,317 138,432 140,896 142,401 185,574 38,343 Retired Pay, Defense ... 37,485 38,087 38,810 211,600 181,304 177,889 Operation and Maintenance ... 177,882 176,350 173,794 169,957 162,437 156,716 146,690 176,393 174,049 189,817 175,728 147,439 141,597 135,527 134,492 115,434 Procurement ... 111,359 140,829 167,769 56,079 63,380 67,070 66,181 61,924 59,432 RDT&E ... 39,351 45,108 49,355 66,265 68,091 9,555 10,254 9,962 8,664 8,529 11,030 9,626 9,358 9,666 10,798 7,778 Military Construction ... Family Housing ... 5,820 5,842 5,766 5,345 5,389 4,695 4,807 5,754 5,524 5,801 5,482 10,179 10,188 4,948 2,292 1,584 790 4,393 Revolving and Management Funds ... 6,433 5,569 2,308 5,738 -894 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,522 -1,224 -1,457 -72,128 -1,533 -1,418 -1,345 -784 -1,595 -1,560 Total Constant Dollars ... 616,997 597,783 585,700 578,651 567,078 515,676 488,549 538,753 576,213 600,105 641,601 Percent Real Growth (%) 27.1 -2.4 5.0 -0.6 -0.8 -1.1 1.1 Military Personnel ... 3.6 1.6 1.8 1.1 -1.2 1.9 1.6 4.0 Retired Pay, Defense ... -4.1 2.4 -0.8 0.8 -0.9 20.0 Operation and Maintenance ... 6.8 3.7 4.6 7.7 6.7 9.1 -7.4 -4.0 -4.3 -0.8 -14.2 -16.1 3.7 26.5 25.7 Procurement ... 19.1 13.0 4.6 2.8 -1.5 -1.3 -6.4 -4.0 RDT&E ... 13.0 14.6 9.4 13.6 17.9 0.7 3.5 -13.0 -1.6 39.9 -6.8 -7.0 Military Construction ... -3.2 -10.5 38.8 Total Real Growth ... -3.8 -3.1 -2.0 -1.2 -2.0 -9.1 11.5 10.3 7.0 4.1 6.9 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-8 138

146 Table 6-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 71,365 70,338 69,821 70,650 73,838 76,888 86,957 81,221 71,557 Military Personnel ... 75,974 69,775 93,751 93,658 104,992 108,776 125,238 133,851 97,215 Operation and Maintenance ... 93,791 89,172 88,640 92,353 42,572 42,963 44,818 51,112 54,973 62,607 62,740 Procurement ... 62,952 52,789 44,141 43,647 34,522 34,972 37,089 38,290 38,706 41,594 48,718 RDT&E ... 36,623 37,974 34,567 36,404 6,631 5,426 5,466 5,405 5,106 5,423 5,718 6,009 4,554 5,254 Military Construction ... 6,893 3,393 4,260 4,131 3,828 3,592 3,543 3,683 4,048 Family Housing ... 3,738 3,941 3,501 4,054 5,260 7,534 2,591 5,381 7,314 5,333 4,389 Revolving and Management Funds ... 4,587 4,503 3,061 -1,828 -1,504 -2,245 -827 -1,721 -1,338 -1,702 -6,283 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -622 -914 -1,436 ... Total Current Dollars 345,632 258,583 278,595 290,534 319,428 251,364 267,402 281,883 255,727 258,006 254,569 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 132,195 129,258 122,772 120,533 120,046 Military Personnel ... 129,291 172,500 154,511 141,622 138,541 120,990 169,290 159,075 161,645 169,994 173,696 190,479 201,088 Operation and Maintenance ... 170,308 170,258 164,428 164,941 85,017 62,693 64,514 72,552 76,884 86,274 62,537 66,950 81,498 99,098 Procurement ... 65,157 52,278 51,966 53,320 53,667 54,732 54,299 57,403 66,271 RDT&E ... 58,610 59,855 53,424 8,228 10,271 7,749 7,207 7,517 8,991 Military Construction ... 8,427 7,168 9,259 8,437 7,969 5,541 6,042 4,991 5,094 5,520 6,315 5,128 5,134 5,369 6,169 5,975 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 3,877 7,584 10,158 7,280 5,938 7,431 7,147 6,397 8,043 4,701 11,018 -905 -2,051 -3,185 -1,164 -2,389 -1,822 -2,300 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -9,919 -2,319 -1,381 -2,711 Total Constant Dollars ... 416,800 437,108 444,891 473,215 499,815 427,635 443,961 512,430 484,288 446,068 432,177 Percent Real Growth (%) -2.2 -2.2 -1.8 -0.4 0.8 6.9 -5.0 -8.3 -10.4 -5.8 Military Personnel ... -4.6 -2.6 -3.6 1.6 5.2 2.2 9.7 5.6 Operation and Maintenance ... -19.5 0.0 -3.4 3.0 -3.8 -2.7 12.5 6.0 12.2 -1.5 -17.9 -17.8 -14.2 Procurement ... -0.2 3.2 -2.1 -0.6 2.0 -0.8 5.7 15.4 0.7 -10.7 2.1 -1.4 RDT&E ... 2.6 24.8 -17.9 -5.5 -2.8 -7.0 4.3 19.6 Military Construction ... -1.2 -14.9 29.2 -11.1 Total Real Growth ... -7.9 -2.5 4.9 1.8 6.4 5.6 -0.5 -2.7 -5.5 -0.6 -1.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-8 139

147 Table 6-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 121,279 139,033 149,290 157,100 158,389 158,352 153,531 109,062 128,483 Military Personnel ... 116,111 131,756 213,532 240,252 293,630 305,235 286,775 258,353 271,564 Operation and Maintenance ... 178,316 189,763 179,215 256,223 133,772 165,006 135,438 135,817 131,898 118,316 97,763 Procurement ... 78,490 83,073 96,614 105,371 72,855 77,549 80,005 80,234 76,687 72,034 63,347 RDT&E ... 58,103 64,641 68,825 79,567 8,068 9,530 26,815 22,577 15,991 11,367 22,064 7,260 6,137 6,670 Military Construction ... 13,961 4,426 4,024 2,846 3,848 2,267 1,833 1,690 1,489 Family Housing ... 4,183 3,829 4,098 7,880 4,754 10,296 -1,217 5,639 2,832 7,311 4,482 Revolving and Management Funds ... 4,154 7,977 2,836 -2,489 -521 -1,219 -1,590 -2,086 -456 -1,672 -1,178 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,905 -1,259 -1,549 ... Total Current Dollars 585,361 664,524 695,673 690,781 655,388 483,913 471,011 437,801 536,462 673,487 602,246 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 168,423 172,048 178,817 183,031 181,778 Military Personnel ... 169,962 157,466 162,750 164,649 168,615 178,530 269,640 304,280 319,438 336,639 342,326 316,176 279,897 Operation and Maintenance ... 255,245 262,273 235,303 295,420 107,802 161,454 158,700 156,669 149,674 132,272 196,110 121,751 107,454 104,125 Procurement ... 129,711 89,630 93,209 93,688 92,871 91,835 86,169 79,731 69,256 RDT&E ... 77,597 84,171 87,058 11,726 16,881 26,120 18,185 12,749 8,929 Military Construction ... 8,824 7,906 9,126 26,268 31,400 4,492 3,362 2,060 1,866 1,616 4,864 2,599 5,454 5,174 5,006 5,606 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... -1,396 6,431 3,204 8,089 4,901 5,547 10,434 10,022 5,872 3,419 12,137 -2,295 -1,823 -1,412 -1,829 -2,352 -505 -1,824 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,576 -684 -1,606 -3,080 Total Constant Dollars ... 782,911 801,495 781,044 728,908 640,539 806,070 677,569 612,835 639,311 631,476 741,375 Percent Real Growth (%) 2.4 2.2 2.4 -0.7 -1.8 -4.8 3.9 1.2 3.4 21.8 Military Personnel ... -0.1 9.6 3.0 5.0 5.4 1.7 -7.6 -11.5 Operation and Maintenance ... 26.9 2.8 -10.3 14.6 24.5 6.5 -1.3 -4.5 -11.6 -18.5 13.3 3.2 22.5 Procurement ... 21.5 -19.1 3.0 4.0 -1.1 -6.2 -7.5 -13.1 -0.9 3.4 8.5 17.1 RDT&E ... 0.5 44.0 55.6 19.5 -16.8 -30.4 -29.9 -30.0 Military Construction ... -1.9 -10.4 15.4 28.5 Total Real Growth ... -1.2 -2.9 2.4 -2.6 -6.7 -12.1 7.3 9.4 4.3 22.6 8.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-8 140

148 Table 6-8: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 145,446 161,527 162,604 168,322 173,284 177,663 150,186 Military Personnel ... 146,147 145,859 146,641 262,425 245,150 250,044 257,481 261,132 246,572 262,453 Operation and Maintenance ... 284,553 258,707 241,938 118,895 125,609 137,596 141,495 150,121 124,337 132,139 102,110 100,405 Procurement ... 144,545 74,853 92,634 89,926 90,722 87,426 85,640 RDT&E ... 63,483 63,869 69,543 74,129 7,080 Military Construction ... 9,850 9,853 10,485 10,202 8,392 5,652 6,927 6,894 9,801 1,253 1,335 1,379 1,381 1,471 1,415 1,583 1,140 1,417 Family Housing ... 1,276 15,134 1,928 1,557 242 273 239 Revolving and Management Funds ... 11,290 7,478 9,305 235 -794 -1,168 -1,134 -928 -1,178 -1,146 -1,428 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,886 -1,837 -444 45,800 45,800 53,000 OCO to Base ... 45,800 20,000 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 20,000 20,000 20,000 Total Current Dollars ... 695,066 710,149 736,536 750,780 595,740 570,844 595,724 626,239 618,643 722,813 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 150,157 161,527 159,124 161,243 162,487 Military Personnel ... 164,006 157,495 154,943 152,819 163,065 268,952 284,553 237,279 239,923 241,646 239,643 Operation and Maintenance ... 281,603 262,069 259,995 266,701 125,505 128,009 129,572 132,277 133,358 138,713 144,545 109,511 109,222 Procurement ... 129,001 76,663 76,080 92,634 88,250 87,276 82,448 79,169 RDT&E ... 68,551 68,143 73,150 7,161 7,324 9,660 9,474 9,883 9,427 6,070 9,159 Military Construction ... 7,212 9,801 1,298 1,318 1,329 1,389 1,311 1,207 1,520 1,583 Family Housing ... 1,382 1,353 9,782 1,961 263 225 217 15,646 238 7,964 12,158 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,557 -1,188 -1,134 -911 -1,134 -1,081 -1,320 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -2,028 -1,952 -834 -459 OCO to Base ... 51,951 43,962 43,041 42,138 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 19,604 19,198 18,795 18,401 ... Total Constant Dollars 610,507 696,119 693,810 692,191 690,765 631,182 644,194 651,165 695,066 630,230 Percent Real Growth (%) -1.7 7.6 -1.5 1.3 0.8 0.4 Military Personnel ... -3.5 -4.0 -1.6 -1.4 -0.8 3.4 1.1 0.7 -0.8 -0.8 -6.9 0.6 Operation and Maintenance ... 6.7 -16.6 2.8 12.9 0.8 4.0 -0.8 -10.4 2.1 14.6 0.3 1.3 Procurement ... RDT&E ... -4.7 -1.1 -5.5 -4.0 -1.0 -0.6 7.3 4.8 -0.8 21.8 0.7 35.9 -1.4 -1.9 4.3 -4.6 Military Construction ... 2.6 -33.7 20.7 -2.2 Total Real Growth ... 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 10.3 3.2 -3.2 3.4 -5.2 0.6 * Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. OMB does not report OCO-to-base funding adjustments that DoD reports ($20.0B in FY19, $53.0B in FY20, $45.8B in FY21, $45.8B in FY22, and $45.8B in FY23). Chapter 6 Table 6-8 141

149 Table 6-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 2,586 5,516 5,271 5,255 5,502 5,701 6,003 2,472 3,222 Civilian Pay ... 2,712 4,780 9,375 8,993 9,461 9,244 9,136 9,117 6,890 Military Pay ... 3,428 3,747 4,154 10,097 567 342 387 424 495 515 357 180 193 175 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 345 10,455 14,501 15,970 15,119 14,922 15,132 15,333 15,564 Total Pay ... 6,075 6,652 6,920 737 1,819 2,032 2,098 1,896 1,922 1,921 1,421 Other Military Personnel ... 873 760 1,777 5,339 9,680 5,733 4,360 3,878 4,339 6,318 1,911 9,565 Non-Pay Operations ... 642 1,083 25,581 34,354 24,283 11,369 9,247 11,858 14,322 Non-Pay Investment ... 4,210 1,938 4,517 14,646 7,166 45,696 32,632 19,200 15,503 17,658 20,582 37,079 Total Non-Pay ... 3,781 5,725 21,407 ... Total Current Dollars 47,534 60,196 48,603 34,319 30,425 32,791 35,916 36,971 11,800 10,433 14,086 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 49,098 95,709 87,011 81,839 80,432 80,099 79,099 53,117 Civilian Pay ... 53,890 62,012 86,129 141,077 193,282 176,739 166,835 169,374 159,678 184,924 Military Pay ... 83,777 91,817 90,548 195,012 3,967 4,040 4,693 4,840 5,294 5,301 5,786 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 3,064 3,360 3,270 3,852 206,941 283,377 276,628 263,418 252,561 254,774 244,563 Total Pay ... 139,958 149,067 142,915 294,762 9,670 14,533 17,063 14,531 14,076 13,244 16,494 6,276 6,437 7,729 Other Military Personnel ... 14,552 89,288 90,104 58,917 53,470 40,115 36,276 38,697 45,273 Non-Pay Operations ... 8,570 11,876 19,085 222,946 41,803 98,699 79,509 99,279 113,980 117,165 17,956 42,200 Non-Pay Investment ... 311,153 212,886 172,109 326,766 169,232 134,155 149,631 165,921 288,297 67,164 36,269 58,499 Total Non-Pay ... 415,808 ... Total Constant Dollars 533,706 699,185 445,860 397,573 402,192 420,695 416,672 583,058 210,079 185,336 198,457 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-9 142

150 Table 6-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 6,616 7,502 7,833 8,500 9,654 10,578 11,301 6,327 7,034 Civilian Pay ... 6,240 7,295 9,762 16,699 11,019 12,178 14,111 15,264 9,917 Military Pay ... 9,269 9,168 9,181 10,615 2,450 920 1,399 1,600 1,839 2,095 1,228 790 715 640 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 1,026 17,872 18,083 19,344 20,251 22,278 25,604 27,938 30,450 Total Pay ... 16,237 16,124 16,586 1,808 1,873 2,040 2,237 3,295 4,267 4,759 4,728 Other Military Personnel ... 1,554 1,713 1,951 14,673 6,638 6,624 10,181 12,938 13,228 6,027 5,445 6,087 Non-Pay Operations ... 5,258 5,414 21,632 23,440 22,215 19,946 27,801 29,369 30,362 Non-Pay Investment ... 18,353 17,656 17,545 27,054 24,799 31,478 30,283 28,807 41,277 46,574 48,349 30,142 Total Non-Pay ... 24,783 25,165 46,455 ... Total Current Dollars 48,014 49,560 49,627 49,058 63,555 72,177 76,286 76,905 41,402 40,907 41,386 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 74,113 75,928 74,821 78,398 85,711 90,831 91,254 78,461 Civilian Pay ... 75,254 76,974 76,961 162,469 158,536 161,928 178,900 184,530 186,965 158,567 Military Pay ... 153,831 150,613 149,590 158,655 9,965 11,465 12,844 14,053 15,581 17,173 19,062 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 6,104 6,875 7,615 8,864 248,307 245,462 246,231 254,379 280,191 292,535 297,282 Total Pay ... 238,395 232,742 231,317 246,048 26,902 12,493 14,559 20,740 25,936 27,983 13,487 11,957 11,487 10,388 Other Military Personnel ... 12,971 53,562 49,312 48,468 51,672 73,591 89,556 89,406 95,973 Non-Pay Operations ... 44,236 44,762 44,880 167,414 135,456 140,755 184,316 188,127 186,058 157,959 133,530 143,056 Non-Pay Investment ... 177,191 161,016 280,835 233,469 206,986 278,646 303,619 303,447 222,971 192,293 189,778 197,680 Total Non-Pay ... 239,474 ... Total Constant Dollars 481,776 484,935 453,217 533,025 583,810 595,981 578,116 469,019 423,610 422,520 436,075 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-9 143

151 Table 6-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 13,222 15,334 16,418 17,549 18,854 20,494 22,262 12,204 13,574 Civilian Pay ... 12,504 14,137 21,013 26,854 21,885 22,598 23,815 25,084 20,494 Military Pay ... 18,638 18,676 19,762 21,573 11,965 4,442 7,326 8,238 9,180 10,283 6,251 3,901 3,391 2,858 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 5,151 38,509 40,301 43,157 45,629 48,385 51,848 55,861 61,080 Total Pay ... 33,700 34,571 36,885 3,202 3,233 3,391 3,544 3,520 3,430 3,619 4,160 Other Military Personnel ... 4,356 3,967 3,154 27,567 11,254 15,640 18,260 19,964 20,558 13,972 10,636 12,957 Non-Pay Operations ... 12,125 10,755 24,558 24,578 25,141 30,695 38,173 40,079 44,967 Non-Pay Investment ... 23,902 21,866 24,282 49,813 38,121 40,689 42,504 49,880 59,953 63,474 69,144 39,045 Total Non-Pay ... 36,588 40,383 81,541 ... Total Current Dollars 77,555 80,991 85,661 95,508 108,338 115,322 125,004 142,621 74,083 71,159 75,006 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 81,287 75,507 74,752 73,465 73,071 75,002 76,261 88,263 Civilian Pay ... 83,225 78,675 75,250 141,200 135,647 123,207 121,396 120,793 120,700 126,010 Military Pay ... 181,605 168,282 152,921 130,742 27,161 28,889 30,490 32,371 33,551 34,715 36,038 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,685 22,187 23,933 25,684 245,560 238,059 231,252 229,043 228,018 230,511 232,999 Total Pay ... 290,553 273,694 258,142 235,138 10,832 15,546 12,809 11,930 10,802 10,416 13,339 16,137 20,778 23,820 Other Military Personnel ... 14,083 61,779 62,851 62,253 62,432 68,490 68,669 65,441 69,963 Non-Pay Operations ... 77,720 65,820 63,414 113,187 121,495 104,239 125,686 120,952 123,166 124,442 116,687 135,401 Non-Pay Investment ... 102,598 94,245 205,237 190,511 179,480 206,105 200,423 199,024 169,837 201,046 203,285 236,941 Total Non-Pay ... 179,531 ... Total Constant Dollars 436,071 417,590 410,732 435,149 428,442 429,534 438,236 404,975 459,188 476,979 527,494 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-9 144

152 Table 6-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 27,762 32,161 34,095 35,851 37,612 39,806 41,139 23,775 29,452 Civilian Pay ... 26,065 31,404 43,967 53,520 47,713 49,494 50,920 52,844 41,367 Military Pay ... 31,067 36,930 39,090 46,220 17,201 16,503 18,241 18,265 18,466 16,248 17,415 16,155 14,986 13,840 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 17,072 87,322 92,443 95,796 100,049 103,610 106,998 108,898 111,860 Total Pay ... 68,682 77,981 83,007 6,597 6,996 4,160 8,056 8,826 9,091 9,784 13,493 Other Military Personnel ... 5,841 5,945 6,734 39,997 47,815 52,247 50,887 53,762 53,484 51,823 43,620 55,550 Non-Pay Operations ... 37,227 41,958 116,018 132,075 129,611 119,117 120,431 120,986 120,833 Non-Pay Investment ... 66,614 87,866 106,249 110,859 156,467 194,360 185,594 179,420 180,145 183,839 184,101 170,829 Total Non-Pay ... 135,770 109,682 164,349 ... Total Current Dollars 258,150 286,802 281,390 279,469 283,755 290,837 292,999 276,208 178,365 213,751 239,474 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 80,827 85,165 85,000 84,045 82,970 83,699 83,197 74,892 Civilian Pay ... 80,011 82,396 84,966 127,981 129,308 130,094 129,170 127,109 122,804 131,593 Military Pay ... 122,461 125,226 126,795 130,321 38,234 38,306 38,763 38,163 37,840 37,358 38,340 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 37,485 38,087 38,810 38,343 248,720 252,508 255,356 252,302 249,980 248,165 244,341 Total Pay ... 234,838 243,324 246,431 253,792 21,885 14,420 15,218 16,144 15,963 16,503 8,077 14,101 13,207 13,856 Other Military Personnel ... 13,443 102,015 116,126 108,040 107,185 102,855 105,048 101,972 70,774 Non-Pay Operations ... 85,836 90,312 93,346 234,949 222,335 220,024 214,400 207,659 200,438 178,676 191,911 154,019 Non-Pay Investment ... 259,525 247,089 271,335 351,384 342,427 333,399 328,671 318,913 363,205 329,781 295,429 253,710 Total Non-Pay ... 389,093 ... Total Constant Dollars 600,105 641,601 597,783 585,700 578,651 567,078 515,676 616,997 576,213 538,753 488,549 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-9 145

153 Table 6-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 43,580 42,740 41,255 41,226 41,932 43,241 45,864 41,779 43,559 Civilian Pay ... 44,168 43,031 49,238 48,698 44,007 44,722 43,585 45,619 49,400 Military Pay ... 54,084 52,377 49,235 49,146 13,355 12,123 10,380 10,454 11,366 11,308 11,070 12,277 13,029 15,913 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 11,153 105,082 103,422 102,957 95,642 96,403 96,883 100,168 107,916 Total Pay ... 111,776 109,574 105,093 9,852 10,033 10,122 15,434 15,474 18,887 19,961 24,905 Other Military Personnel ... 11,225 10,569 9,384 97,615 59,833 62,487 74,922 78,955 92,770 62,410 54,654 59,948 Non-Pay Operations ... 55,934 55,058 80,780 81,814 82,517 85,021 91,796 95,809 106,529 Non-Pay Investment ... 102,948 92,202 81,765 115,196 146,271 151,146 155,049 162,942 182,192 193,651 219,260 150,645 Total Non-Pay ... 157,829 170,107 237,716 ... Total Current Dollars 255,727 254,569 258,006 258,583 278,595 290,534 319,428 345,632 281,883 267,402 251,364 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 79,473 72,117 67,715 65,317 63,392 63,039 63,921 81,108 Civilian Pay ... 82,587 77,520 74,787 99,294 96,648 80,025 74,418 75,112 75,006 81,580 Military Pay ... 119,910 110,687 101,437 93,658 21,892 21,097 19,242 18,707 19,407 18,619 20,570 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 34,889 27,533 25,294 24,367 201,181 193,327 168,537 164,049 157,217 156,769 159,496 Total Pay ... 235,907 220,807 206,203 186,872 33,716 14,880 21,950 21,800 26,221 27,260 14,503 14,892 16,291 17,701 Other Military Personnel ... 13,655 107,445 105,060 106,513 104,195 121,117 127,638 142,573 150,406 Non-Pay Operations ... 96,579 104,756 100,931 120,455 124,042 122,118 130,141 133,814 146,613 156,197 142,434 162,243 Non-Pay Investment ... 120,136 119,747 340,319 242,779 248,263 273,059 287,674 316,446 240,763 239,864 263,481 276,523 Total Non-Pay ... 238,851 ... Total Constant Dollars 443,961 432,177 416,800 437,108 444,891 473,215 499,815 427,635 446,068 484,288 512,430 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-9 146

154 Table 6-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 53,535 61,296 66,424 67,753 70,977 72,612 71,919 47,346 Civilian Pay ... 57,222 50,305 58,148 64,603 65,634 74,827 75,280 75,688 76,266 71,549 69,043 Military Pay ... 51,144 62,348 63,039 15,261 16,106 17,493 20,307 20,796 21,776 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 13,507 14,096 14,592 14,211 20,408 136,037 146,445 155,465 162,887 167,053 170,075 139,042 131,166 126,749 111,997 Total Pay ... 168,593 10,135 11,231 11,185 10,351 8,960 11,010 10,845 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,695 8,307 10,065 8,297 33,584 39,631 42,699 49,898 53,006 51,303 50,043 48,560 Other Military Personnel ... 36,716 31,361 39,533 199,288 166,425 213,680 238,299 245,426 232,129 214,088 138,948 190,875 Non-Pay Operations ... 141,131 153,406 184,332 221,468 259,070 235,130 232,522 215,988 192,295 Non-Pay Investment ... 140,261 151,188 170,151 160,623 352,747 463,204 527,042 509,059 532,786 523,727 485,313 400,425 Total Non-Pay ... 344,262 325,804 416,768 ... Total Current Dollars 536,462 602,246 673,487 664,524 695,673 690,781 655,388 585,361 437,801 471,011 483,913 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 66,524 69,843 72,844 72,845 76,312 78,069 77,324 63,389 Civilian Pay ... 64,698 68,967 68,574 85,514 84,593 86,734 86,054 85,158 84,375 85,754 Military Pay ... 75,237 88,064 86,029 85,978 19,669 20,056 20,966 23,539 23,773 24,500 22,578 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 19,869 19,910 19,914 18,811 173,292 172,837 179,564 183,118 186,139 187,728 184,277 Total Pay ... 158,495 172,672 172,467 175,877 9,964 15,455 14,113 11,803 14,082 13,389 15,709 15,976 13,740 13,263 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 16,450 48,836 47,711 50,305 57,984 60,955 57,869 55,483 53,045 Other Military Personnel ... 49,096 41,036 42,730 212,990 185,516 255,978 277,528 278,137 257,668 216,459 215,758 205,480 Non-Pay Operations ... 237,266 256,679 176,794 226,997 275,272 268,091 244,817 214,640 307,500 214,787 196,105 186,499 Non-Pay Investment ... 267,111 504,277 568,538 630,194 603,347 618,378 594,905 541,180 456,262 Total Non-Pay ... 454,339 466,638 459,010 Total Constant Dollars ... 806,070 782,911 801,495 781,044 728,908 741,375 677,569 639,311 612,835 631,476 640,539 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-9 147

155 Table 6-9: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 70,190 77,024 77,980 79,687 81,382 83,096 68,730 Civilian Pay ... 72,146 67,819 75,720 Military Pay ... 75,045 84,366 86,509 88,483 74,137 82,052 74,320 72,478 72,513 79,328 18,536 20,735 20,499 20,954 21,304 21,598 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,339 19,653 19,322 18,166 164,448 169,301 180,532 185,007 189,195 193,176 Total Pay ... 163,389 159,950 162,025 177,087 6,629 6,961 8,003 8,480 8,973 9,461 7,533 7,023 7,436 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 8,147 46,884 44,913 53,931 52,050 54,522 56,499 Other Military Personnel ... 48,092 46,705 46,982 58,122 193,725 199,656 220,704 176,160 182,609 188,613 190,527 Non-Pay Operations ... 213,145 194,645 212,248 186,363 195,699 220,405 226,394 227,456 233,695 235,811 Non-Pay Investment ... 163,679 162,521 196,626 461,791 449,342 517,979 456,618 472,005 481,541 491,805 Total Non-Pay ... 432,351 410,894 433,699 45,800 OCO to Base ... 53,000 45,800 45,800 20,000 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 20,000 20,000 20,000 Total Current Dollars ... 750,780 695,066 710,149 722,813 736,536 570,844 595,740 595,724 618,643 626,239 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 73,956 76,099 77,024 76,829 76,897 76,917 76,922 Civilian Pay ... 73,382 71,692 73,316 77,814 77,555 80,286 80,852 81,200 81,345 78,449 81,247 Military Pay ... 76,997 79,328 19,018 20,666 20,081 19,997 19,855 21,272 22,234 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,735 19,067 20,058 171,537 172,113 177,830 178,114 178,123 170,836 177,172 171,413 176,863 Total Pay ... 177,087 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,533 7,710 7,863 8,008 8,126 8,729 8,035 7,328 7,464 8,448 48,475 53,931 51,070 52,447 53,282 45,694 49,394 49,739 51,796 Other Military Personnel ... 53,739 221,466 203,639 220,704 172,471 174,851 176,558 174,285 Non-Pay Operations ... 229,051 207,225 206,345 202,925 196,579 216,141 217,660 214,392 215,953 174,095 177,755 Non-Pay Investment ... 200,336 235,811 458,117 452,820 447,392 480,329 452,240 452,103 Total Non-Pay ... 467,331 517,979 439,094 459,645 42,138 43,041 51,951 OCO to Base ... 43,962 18,401 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 19,604 19,198 18,795 Total Constant Dollars ... 690,765 696,119 693,810 692,191 630,230 631,182 695,066 651,165 610,507 644,194 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. OMB does not report OCO-to-base funding adjustments that DoD reports ($20.0B in FY19, $53.0B in FY20, $45.8B in FY21, $45.8B in FY22, and $45.8B in FY23). For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-9 148

156 Table 6-10: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1948 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1949 FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1950 FY 1951 Current Dollars 19,520 15,077 12,847 7,646 7,333 4,279 7,808 7,577 Army ... 2,840 4,011 21,279 10,617 16,170 9,389 10,182 9,518 10,106 12,684 4,253 3,719 4,212 Navy ... 12,431 15,139 22,315 20,427 11,542 12,026 15,374 17,567 17,803 Air Force ... 4,573 2,503 5,363 444 191 541 572 565 666 743 415 200 433 Defense-Wide ... 175 ... Total Current Dollars 60,196 48,603 34,319 30,425 32,791 35,916 36,971 11,800 10,433 14,086 47,534 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 212,523 191,325 166,634 116,474 104,796 105,644 247,686 69,377 72,627 60,381 Army ... 102,732 146,518 197,403 159,371 129,304 131,372 122,573 125,902 127,053 Navy ... 70,802 63,885 65,772 169,901 71,491 143,877 143,649 168,924 182,721 179,820 45,371 64,210 Air Force ... 249,294 227,744 4,802 3,440 6,078 5,899 6,428 7,067 3,453 6,045 4,764 4,618 Defense-Wide ... 3,064 Total Constant Dollars ... 583,058 445,860 397,573 402,192 420,695 198,457 185,336 210,079 533,706 699,185 416,672 Percent Real Growth (%) -12.9 -30.1 -10.0 0.8 -2.8 -22.8 -4.5 20.3 Army ... 16.5 206.3 -19.3 -18.9 1.6 -6.7 2.7 0.9 Navy ... -9.8 3.0 122.8 34.7 -36.8 -8.6 17.6 8.2 -1.6 -29.3 57.6 -0.2 Air Force ... 46.7 137.7 ... Total Real Growth -23.5 -10.8 1.2 4.6 -1.0 -6.6 13.4 154.1 31.0 -16.6 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-10 149

157 Table 6-10: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1959 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1960 FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1961 FY 1962 Current Dollars 9,928 11,955 17,629 22,997 25,407 25,143 12,474 11,608 11,951 Army ... 9,502 9,748 15,255 14,845 14,785 18,581 20,773 21,122 Navy ... 11,971 11,352 12,450 14,845 21,278 19,424 19,393 19,149 22,589 24,203 25,364 20,147 17,903 18,581 18,864 Air Force ... 25,722 1,794 2,550 2,914 3,170 4,756 4,204 4,394 4,763 Defense-Wide ... 1,065 1,226 1,105 Total Current Dollars ... 76,905 49,058 63,555 72,177 76,286 49,560 41,386 49,627 41,402 40,907 48,014 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 121,805 198,993 117,350 151,391 186,794 126,989 191,440 Army ... 109,832 109,559 109,054 123,942 161,310 154,721 138,418 158,007 169,927 167,095 143,374 132,933 122,256 133,420 Navy ... 153,966 185,023 188,000 177,925 171,893 188,091 195,130 197,159 191,227 Air Force ... 183,781 180,311 171,837 15,043 9,786 25,556 35,536 31,959 32,733 34,139 10,394 9,042 Defense-Wide ... 21,165 23,778 Total Constant Dollars ... 481,776 453,217 533,025 583,810 595,981 423,610 578,116 469,019 436,075 422,520 484,935 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.5 -5.3 29.0 23.4 6.5 -3.8 1.8 -0.2 6.9 Army ... 16.4 -4.1 -0.5 -6.9 -3.5 14.2 7.5 -1.7 -3.5 Navy ... 5.0 -8.4 8.7 16.4 1.6 9.4 3.7 1.0 -3.0 2.2 -3.4 -5.4 Air Force ... 7.7 -4.7 -1.9 Total Real Growth ... -3.3 -3.4 17.6 9.5 2.1 -3.0 4.7 -3.1 0.3 13.7 0.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-10 150

158 Table 6-10: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1970 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1971 FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1972 FY 1973 Current Dollars 21,582 23,644 26,667 28,434 31,341 34,380 21,299 21,262 21,048 Army ... 23,610 21,495 26,679 27,808 31,302 36,378 39,499 42,103 Navy ... 21,932 21,321 23,602 25,097 47,225 23,934 25,967 28,444 31,969 32,595 34,943 24,670 23,245 22,481 23,356 Air Force ... 41,720 7,475 8,380 10,586 12,119 13,324 14,794 16,618 19,296 Defense-Wide ... 5,185 5,863 6,577 Total Current Dollars ... 142,621 95,508 108,338 115,322 125,004 80,991 75,006 85,661 74,083 71,159 77,555 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 112,918 113,729 107,584 112,978 111,466 120,757 114,294 Army ... 170,247 148,210 134,842 105,592 141,796 138,585 131,548 142,879 142,829 140,977 129,034 142,214 140,851 155,560 Navy ... 134,351 135,506 127,804 123,345 122,757 128,855 121,937 120,606 125,657 Air Force ... 166,713 151,544 143,735 41,223 38,398 48,843 50,437 52,210 54,223 56,489 36,374 34,974 Defense-Wide ... 42,517 47,004 Total Constant Dollars ... 436,071 410,732 435,149 428,442 429,534 459,188 438,236 404,975 527,494 476,979 417,590 Percent Real Growth (%) -9.0 1.9 5.0 -1.3 2.0 0.5 -6.5 -12.9 -11.1 Army ... -10.4 -6.5 -3.1 -4.0 1.9 8.6 0.0 -1.3 0.6 Navy ... -3.6 -9.5 1.0 -2.6 -5.7 5.0 -5.4 -1.1 4.2 -12.8 -0.5 -3.5 Air Force ... -5.7 -5.2 -9.1 Total Real Growth ... -3.0 1.4 5.9 -1.5 0.3 2.0 -8.8 -9.6 -3.7 -5.0 -4.2 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-10 151

159 Table 6-10: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1981 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1982 FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1983 FY 1984 Current Dollars 57,529 74,102 76,011 78,258 78,733 92,118 73,128 74,270 62,181 Army ... 43,252 52,254 99,015 96,113 93,500 100,281 97,675 99,977 Navy ... 58,011 69,569 81,854 82,088 103,470 86,108 94,870 91,624 88,324 94,685 92,890 99,420 74,074 64,821 53,144 Air Force ... 91,257 27,773 14,096 17,279 20,244 19,138 20,220 21,398 -10,636 Defense-Wide ... 23,957 27,107 26,017 Total Current Dollars ... 276,208 279,469 283,755 290,837 292,999 286,802 239,474 281,390 178,365 213,751 258,150 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 172,486 156,666 163,926 161,612 159,940 151,338 172,719 Army ... 126,901 139,453 145,778 166,019 190,588 189,651 199,336 204,881 194,071 192,829 209,864 193,884 173,098 156,307 Navy ... 220,207 195,425 218,501 205,266 194,204 182,396 187,436 179,692 167,550 Air Force ... 142,444 159,230 174,628 63,691 61,924 40,318 36,811 37,204 37,891 -15,179 66,972 62,897 Defense-Wide ... 30,408 35,849 Total Constant Dollars ... 600,105 597,783 585,700 578,651 567,078 576,213 515,676 616,997 488,549 538,753 641,601 Percent Real Growth (%) 4.5 -1.3 -1.4 -1.0 -2.0 10.2 -3.7 9.9 11.0 Army ... 3.8 14.0 16.1 -4.7 -5.0 2.8 -5.3 -0.6 -1.2 Navy ... 10.2 10.7 12.0 -2.2 11.8 -6.1 2.8 -4.1 -6.8 13.4 -5.4 -6.1 Air Force ... 11.9 9.7 11.8 Total Real Growth ... -3.8 -3.1 -2.0 -1.2 -2.0 -9.1 11.5 10.3 7.0 4.1 6.9 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-10 152

160 Table 6-10: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1992 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1993 FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1994 FY 1995 Current Dollars 62,842 64,046 68,367 73,165 77,027 85,918 65,120 65,161 63,843 Army ... 74,011 65,322 80,117 79,562 80,696 84,028 88,795 95,501 Navy ... 90,311 83,198 78,055 76,948 102,376 73,932 73,216 76,284 81,914 83,050 89,549 72,992 74,575 79,146 82,340 Air Force ... 100,228 41,005 36,298 40,108 37,558 44,287 45,524 57,352 57,109 Defense-Wide ... 35,222 39,736 35,890 Total Current Dollars ... 345,632 258,583 278,595 290,534 319,428 254,569 251,364 258,006 281,883 267,402 255,727 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 110,863 113,304 103,383 106,875 110,638 111,654 122,087 Army ... 140,040 119,842 112,741 108,290 145,321 131,392 127,576 130,433 133,776 139,335 129,576 136,067 149,454 165,552 Navy ... 133,231 126,254 121,870 119,285 120,408 126,328 125,217 130,347 142,227 Air Force ... 149,415 139,011 128,831 74,661 68,429 65,433 73,472 75,260 90,229 90,181 75,980 57,423 Defense-Wide ... 66,212 70,484 Total Constant Dollars ... 443,961 416,800 437,108 444,891 473,215 446,068 499,815 427,635 512,430 484,288 432,177 Percent Real Growth (%) -5.9 -4.5 3.4 3.5 2.4 7.8 -2.3 -14.4 -18.9 Army ... -1.0 -0.7 1.4 -2.7 -1.5 2.2 2.6 4.2 4.3 Navy ... -13.1 -9.7 -9.0 -3.4 -3.5 4.9 -0.9 4.1 9.1 -10.8 0.9 -2.1 Air Force ... -2.0 -7.3 -7.0 Total Real Growth ... -1.1 -2.5 4.9 1.8 6.4 5.6 -0.6 -5.5 -7.9 -0.5 -2.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-10 153

161 Table 6-10: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 152,927 251,674 234,689 243,337 237,066 203,546 175,554 121,132 Army ... 174,941 153,105 218,680 150,256 162,065 166,091 174,989 176,498 173,888 143,803 Navy ... 124,057 124,284 131,665 165,345 144,277 141,657 163,526 164,936 166,809 162,793 157,909 127,918 125,536 125,245 Air Force ... 148,947 76,061 84,363 98,558 100,219 112,412 110,407 115,162 Defense-Wide ... 67,367 68,086 71,403 103,465 Total Current Dollars ... 602,246 673,487 664,524 695,673 690,781 655,388 585,361 471,011 536,462 437,801 483,913 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 219,391 300,606 275,124 279,679 267,789 197,736 192,339 Army ... 167,370 226,245 204,626 267,143 176,699 183,807 194,657 200,545 198,260 192,034 196,632 170,249 167,501 172,348 Navy ... 180,079 176,593 181,572 186,573 191,532 188,459 186,975 179,649 155,648 Air Force ... 173,995 169,380 165,240 101,506 108,852 132,812 128,020 130,980 115,853 Defense-Wide ... 121,599 122,260 98,251 97,804 99,122 Total Constant Dollars ... 806,070 782,911 801,495 781,044 728,908 640,539 612,835 639,311 631,476 677,569 741,375 Percent Real Growth (%) 21.8 -8.5 1.7 -4.3 -15.5 -15.0 12.5 -3.4 22.3 37.1 Army ... 11.0 2.1 7.0 -1.0 3.0 -1.1 -3.1 -8.0 Navy ... 18.6 -2.8 1.6 5.8 2.8 -1.6 -0.8 -3.9 -13.4 22.3 2.7 2.8 Air Force ... 6.9 -2.4 -2.7 Total Real Growth ... 8.7 -2.9 2.4 -2.6 -6.7 -12.1 22.6 4.3 -1.2 7.3 9.4 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-10 154

162 Table 6-10: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 147,459 181,979 148,809 153,789 156,896 160,878 166,044 Army ... 159,347 148,017 158,287 172,841 204,462 188,605 194,237 199,482 174,086 Navy ... 163,950 161,077 171,617 194,015 163,183 170,120 182,214 186,130 191,537 196,260 194,139 153,170 151,108 Air Force ... 170,162 122,687 117,353 124,934 117,522 122,857 122,821 123,380 Defense-Wide ... 114,639 108,580 113,465 45,800 45,800 OCO to Base ... 53,000 45,800 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... ... Total Current Dollars 595,724 710,149 626,239 736,536 750,780 618,643 695,066 570,844 595,740 722,813 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 161,290 181,979 Army ... 147,705 147,606 148,253 179,646 158,352 156,082 165,593 145,895 180,863 194,015 185,032 186,750 187,926 175,969 181,637 171,461 176,682 Navy ... 188,720 176,756 173,174 194,139 178,800 179,026 180,532 181,258 Air Force ... 161,366 162,827 172,617 127,953 120,846 114,837 117,170 114,291 111,994 117,866 126,500 Defense-Wide ... 119,797 124,934 42,138 43,041 43,962 51,951 OCO to Base ... 19,604 18,401 18,795 19,198 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... ... Total Constant Dollars 695,066 696,119 693,810 692,191 690,765 644,194 610,507 631,182 651,165 630,230 Percent Real Growth (%) 6.1 -19.8 1.2 -0.1 0.4 12.8 -1.4 -11.9 -6.6 -2.6 Army ... -2.7 10.3 -4.6 0.9 0.6 0.4 Navy ... 0.0 -3.0 5.9 -0.4 12.1 -2.0 0.1 0.8 0.4 2.4 0.9 -7.9 Air Force ... 3.7 6.0 ... Total Real Growth 10.3 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.6 -5.2 3.4 3.2 -3.2 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. OMB does not report OCO-to-base funding adjustments that DoD reports ($20.0B in FY19, $53.0B in FY20, $45.8B in FY21, $45.8B in FY22, and $45.8B in FY23). Chapter 6 Table 6-10 155

163 Table 6-11: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 4,902 11,823 11,272 10,986 11,112 10,903 11,057 4,433 7,293 Military Personnel ... 4,493 11,394 329 195 419 477 511 562 193 175 Retired Pay, Defense ... 357 324 386 7,182 12,289 8,031 8,794 9,587 9,761 9,836 4,045 4,361 3,975 Operation and Maintenance ... 10,826 11,270 16,665 15,204 12,518 10,910 11,815 Procurement ... 1,850 2,356 2,389 3,813 12,208 867 1,953 2,178 2,400 3,080 3,961 4,270 RDT&E ... 413 292 413 1,490 1,753 1,830 1,698 1,678 2,054 1,959 1,944 166 183 181 Military Construction ... 472 41 Family Housing ... 4 43 21 -191 67 47 -245 -504 -679 -320 -681 Revolving and Management Funds ... -65 -224 296 -189 -572 -273 -362 -396 -339 224 -943 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -183 -212 -206 ... Total Current Dollars 39,194 40,056 35,169 35,396 38,098 11,674 11,241 10,151 19,572 43,410 38,716 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 209,772 208,918 199,812 190,174 181,475 Military Personnel ... 173,721 92,739 98,088 97,008 144,255 181,667 3,654 4,046 4,681 4,785 5,103 5,263 5,732 Retired Pay, Defense ... 3,064 3,360 3,534 3,789 107,634 150,434 124,810 104,272 107,546 110,120 136,297 62,268 68,723 66,847 Operation and Maintenance ... 96,762 36,828 106,140 153,493 145,226 114,454 95,306 95,699 98,098 Procurement ... 20,309 23,888 24,747 9,113 14,737 21,486 25,702 30,205 32,076 RDT&E ... 4,777 3,016 4,606 18,717 20,680 Military Construction ... 16,453 15,906 14,134 12,600 15,576 13,611 1,664 1,584 14,560 1,476 3,911 36 327 153 287 Family Housing ... 2,416 380 -3,887 -5,029 -2,201 -4,637 -2,013 -1,504 -546 597 Revolving and Management Funds ... -1,934 -1,495 -1,661 -2,244 -2,792 -2,934 -2,334 1,525 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -8,409 -4,808 -1,832 -1,493 Total Constant Dollars ... 505,511 442,139 423,402 432,707 427,034 536,644 291,526 181,588 193,305 501,369 189,873 Percent Real Growth (%) 48.7 -4.4 -4.6 0.1 -4.4 -0.4 -4.8 -1.1 5.8 Military Personnel ... 45.4 6.8 15.7 2.2 6.6 3.1 8.9 Retired Pay, Defense ... 9.7 5.2 3.4 3.7 -9.4 55.5 3.1 2.4 -2.3 55.4 -9.4 2.8 Operation and Maintenance ... -8.4 -16.5 188.2 -5.4 0.4 2.5 44.6 -21.2 -16.7 48.8 3.6 17.6 Procurement ... RDT&E ... 3.9 19.6 17.5 6.2 -36.9 52.7 97.9 61.7 27.0 10.5 5.6 -11.5 -6.5 16.9 -11.1 -10.9 Military Construction ... -4.8 -6.8 165.0 298.3 Total Real Growth ... -1.8 -12.5 -4.2 2.2 -1.3 72.0 53.5 7.0 6.5 -5.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-11 156

164 Table 6-11: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 11,299 12,986 13,387 15,162 17,956 19,859 21,374 11,160 Military Personnel ... 12,138 11,044 11,985 1,015 786 1,591 1,830 2,095 2,444 694 641 Retired Pay, Defense ... 1,209 894 1,384 11,338 11,845 14,710 19,000 20,580 22,228 12,349 10,611 10,223 10,378 Operation and Maintenance ... 11,932 16,660 15,351 11,839 14,339 19,012 23,283 Procurement ... 12,622 12,734 13,095 14,532 23,988 6,319 7,021 6,236 6,259 7,160 7,747 7,457 RDT&E ... 4,652 5,310 6,131 6,376 1,389 1,144 1,007 1,334 1,536 1,281 1,026 1,605 1,626 1,948 Military Construction ... 1,191 440 427 580 619 647 482 495 Family Housing ... 16 22 39 572 -339 -1,401 -452 -741 283 512 2,090 -1,535 Revolving and Management Funds ... -185 -438 -127 101 279 -200 -231 -130 -164 -131 234 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -109 65 -183 ... Total Current Dollars 77,785 45,880 54,093 67,357 77,265 43,292 41,494 41,467 46,826 49,470 47,941 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 173,267 174,309 174,023 180,786 202,362 Military Personnel ... 213,701 166,399 163,180 163,504 177,231 211,640 8,618 11,292 12,708 13,975 15,507 17,171 19,016 Retired Pay, Defense ... 6,116 6,675 7,582 9,858 161,135 110,215 108,417 122,575 148,719 156,526 108,906 102,856 104,682 108,438 Operation and Maintenance ... 108,630 116,932 133,996 121,484 92,370 105,052 130,765 152,081 152,733 Procurement ... 101,287 103,958 104,972 44,560 44,825 42,100 46,327 48,415 45,365 RDT&E ... 34,004 38,374 42,948 48,970 43,183 6,875 7,105 9,640 7,847 8,209 7,942 8,708 Military Construction ... 13,652 11,478 11,050 8,317 4,093 4,290 4,351 3,187 3,187 3,539 Family Housing ... 109 154 257 3,210 3,111 -9,283 -2,987 1,786 3,124 12,331 -8,780 -4,836 -846 -2,224 -2,939 -1,229 Revolving and Management Funds ... -722 -1,208 -1,306 -1,460 -796 -970 -750 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 1,556 1,870 427 671 Total Constant Dollars ... 435,724 477,874 558,836 608,228 594,168 471,964 467,323 430,332 427,433 431,372 473,209 Percent Real Growth (%) 8.4 0.6 3.9 11.9 4.6 1.0 -0.2 0.2 -1.9 -4.2 Military Personnel ... -2.2 14.4 14.5 12.5 10.0 11.0 10.7 10.7 Retired Pay, Defense ... 6.7 9.1 13.6 13.7 1.5 5.6 13.1 21.3 5.2 2.9 -1.7 -3.5 0.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -1.2 -0.4 -24.0 -9.3 24.5 16.3 0.4 14.6 13.7 11.4 1.0 2.6 3.3 Procurement ... RDT&E ... -11.8 -2.5 10.0 4.5 -6.3 6.0 12.9 11.9 3.8 0.6 9.2 -4.5 -10.5 -3.2 26.7 10.7 -18.6 4.6 Military Construction ... 8.3 -15.9 -3.7 -24.7 Total Real Growth ... 0.9 -7.7 9.7 16.9 8.8 -2.3 8.3 1.3 -0.7 0.8 -0.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-11 157

165 Table 6-11: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 23,036 24,968 25,064 25,715 27,075 28,407 30,842 23,031 Military Personnel ... 23,246 22,633 23,728 5,128 3,885 8,216 9,171 10,279 11,920 3,386 2,849 Retired Pay, Defense ... 6,242 4,390 7,296 21,073 22,482 30,590 33,580 36,427 44,773 27,841 21,678 20,943 21,610 Operation and Maintenance ... 26,301 15,241 16,042 15,964 18,178 19,976 25,404 Procurement ... 21,584 18,858 17,131 15,654 29,021 8,157 8,866 8,923 9,795 10,508 11,152 13,127 RDT&E ... 7,166 7,303 7,881 8,582 2,450 1,407 2,019 1,914 1,932 2,080 1,462 1,108 1,095 1,168 Military Construction ... 1,119 729 884 1,124 1,192 1,358 1,405 1,468 Family Housing ... 614 598 688 1,680 -223 268 66 -241 25 -429 286 -246 Revolving and Management Funds ... -807 -219 -1,030 -115 -125 -166 -235 -176 -490 -726 -145 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -170 -107 -170 ... Total Current Dollars 132,840 87,891 95,557 103,042 115,013 75,076 74,472 77,070 73,223 84,900 77,550 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 148,123 144,302 137,819 133,912 131,850 Military Personnel ... 131,298 205,776 189,106 169,517 154,594 130,561 25,386 28,847 30,366 32,286 33,521 34,702 35,902 Retired Pay, Defense ... 20,622 22,152 23,831 27,039 134,408 119,911 122,637 124,063 125,715 128,452 125,501 132,790 134,702 147,910 Operation and Maintenance ... 123,714 84,302 77,009 72,060 66,861 70,463 72,073 83,980 86,113 Procurement ... 132,034 110,275 95,627 40,962 40,467 34,877 34,806 33,493 35,705 RDT&E ... 41,616 40,198 41,442 36,867 34,460 7,636 5,908 6,328 6,274 6,696 6,515 6,713 Military Construction ... 6,672 5,942 5,760 5,539 4,686 4,624 4,835 4,678 4,336 4,312 Family Housing ... 3,602 3,313 3,637 3,702 4,193 1,232 262 88 -1,374 839 -653 -894 -5,013 -1,132 -1,151 -4,441 Revolving and Management Funds ... -782 -680 -617 -806 -565 -1,439 -1,928 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -801 -657 -543 -560 Total Constant Dollars ... 402,893 406,430 407,032 421,199 431,853 417,752 432,626 552,990 503,878 470,929 423,707 Percent Real Growth (%) -8.8 -2.6 -2.8 -1.5 -1.0 0.6 -4.5 -10.4 -8.1 -3.7 Military Personnel ... -4.2 6.5 6.7 5.3 6.3 3.8 3.5 3.5 Retired Pay, Defense ... 8.4 7.4 7.6 6.5 -3.1 -6.8 1.2 1.3 2.2 4.6 -1.4 -8.9 -8.2 Operation and Maintenance ... 4.7 -2.3 -7.2 -6.4 2.3 16.5 2.5 -8.7 5.4 -11.8 -13.3 -16.5 -13.6 Procurement ... RDT&E ... -6.5 1.2 -0.2 -3.8 6.6 -8.3 -3.4 3.1 -1.2 -1.2 -8.9 17.6 -9.3 29.2 -12.1 -5.7 -0.9 6.7 Military Construction ... -18.7 -10.9 -3.1 -3.8 Total Real Growth ... -6.5 -3.6 0.9 0.1 3.5 2.5 -8.1 -2.1 -8.9 -6.9 -1.4 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-11 158

166 Table 6-11: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 45,523 71,511 72,020 76,337 80,676 75,622 83,439 36,409 Military Personnel ... 47,655 42,341 67,842 15,945 16,471 Retired Pay, Defense ... 13,729 14,938 75,262 76,180 84,477 51,867 88,341 101,770 Operation and Maintenance ... 59,677 64,917 67,371 72,349 87,002 70,381 76,517 80,744 77,166 81,620 80,972 82,028 Procurement ... 34,819 42,993 53,652 61,879 27,103 17,729 33,596 34,792 37,002 37,458 34,589 RDT&E ... 15,278 20,554 23,117 32,283 3,497 3,706 5,853 5,874 5,275 5,080 5,067 3,524 2,924 2,458 Military Construction ... 4,260 2,413 2,642 2,819 2,908 3,082 3,257 3,501 Family Housing ... 3,424 3,939 2,126 3,296 -805 1,334 2,877 3,522 1,021 753 -330 -1,813 Revolving and Management Funds ... 36 693 -1,069 -734 -715 -816 -813 -704 -888 -44,417 -1,866 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -543 -396 -700 ... Total Current Dollars 262,389 274,007 281,935 294,880 289,755 205,040 184,520 156,153 220,806 265,636 245,370 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 181,153 183,955 Military Personnel ... 184,038 186,943 175,542 181,826 135,296 137,308 140,607 140,988 181,850 38,268 Retired Pay, Defense ... 37,185 37,965 38,305 187,107 170,896 172,207 Operation and Maintenance ... 180,490 177,330 175,033 163,221 159,767 151,354 139,708 182,896 127,999 140,799 148,904 153,000 141,960 144,102 137,328 133,383 Procurement ... 92,922 101,855 117,941 48,932 55,441 65,055 66,310 64,522 57,203 RDT&E ... 37,555 40,603 45,206 64,247 64,991 11,369 10,185 9,512 8,787 5,848 8,838 11,019 7,982 7,878 6,796 6,101 Military Construction ... Family Housing ... 5,626 5,784 5,864 6,041 5,426 8,108 8,684 4,603 5,071 5,377 5,598 2,668 5,599 6,674 1,878 1,329 -560 -2,948 Revolving and Management Funds ... 86 1,549 -1,728 -2,212 -1,086 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,496 -1,242 -1,507 -72,225 -1,545 -1,362 -1,519 -850 -1,596 -4,484 Total Constant Dollars ... 592,159 594,171 591,133 593,309 567,483 495,620 452,477 484,517 511,729 528,729 564,086 Percent Real Growth (%) 28.5 1.5 -1.1 1.2 1.6 -6.1 3.6 Military Personnel ... 3.0 1.5 2.4 0.3 -0.1 0.9 2.1 3.6 Retired Pay, Defense ... 2.4 -1.6 6.2 -1.3 -1.8 5.5 Operation and Maintenance ... 8.3 5.6 2.2 3.9 4.7 10.0 5.8 -7.2 1.5 -4.7 -2.9 2.8 8.5 9.6 7.9 Procurement ... 15.8 13.3 15.9 1.2 0.1 1.9 -2.7 -11.3 RDT&E ... 5.2 8.1 11.3 8.2 10.7 -3.1 -13.7 -7.6 -33.4 -8.9 11.6 15.2 Military Construction ... 1.3 15.9 11.4 Total Real Growth ... 5.0 0.3 -0.5 0.4 -4.4 -12.7 4.8 7.1 5.6 3.3 6.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-11 159

167 Table 6-11: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 73,137 69,722 68,976 69,503 75,950 73,977 86,802 81,171 71,851 Military Personnel ... 75,904 66,669 91,080 88,761 96,420 105,871 112,019 130,165 93,473 Operation and Maintenance ... 92,050 94,125 87,929 92,465 48,912 47,691 48,214 48,824 51,697 54,991 62,511 Procurement ... 74,881 69,936 61,758 54,984 34,710 36,561 37,423 37,362 37,609 40,462 44,388 RDT&E ... 34,632 36,968 34,786 37,026 5,057 6,826 6,046 5,519 5,111 4,978 6,188 4,979 4,831 4,262 Military Construction ... 6,684 3,570 3,829 4,004 3,869 3,692 3,417 3,516 3,738 Family Housing ... 3,271 3,255 3,316 3,570 -706 2,674 329 884 3,196 2,097 1,219 Revolving and Management Funds ... 3,112 -4,745 2,506 -1,707 -1,686 -2,193 -826 -1,617 -1,059 -1,763 -6,416 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -664 -841 -1,441 ... Total Current Dollars 332,116 256,136 261,379 281,234 290,980 268,635 278,588 286,962 260,608 258,330 253,258 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 127,669 128,334 121,518 118,893 122,969 Military Personnel ... 129,016 172,440 154,406 144,300 138,980 116,952 164,194 157,917 155,505 157,644 168,463 171,644 194,393 Operation and Maintenance ... 167,749 175,590 162,786 157,088 84,464 71,129 68,394 68,711 71,749 74,898 68,127 93,346 107,821 118,214 Procurement ... 81,557 52,504 54,104 53,758 53,756 53,230 52,669 55,481 60,172 RDT&E ... 55,607 58,299 53,711 10,254 9,856 7,842 7,154 6,832 6,858 Military Construction ... 6,872 7,582 7,659 8,956 8,681 5,541 5,777 4,789 4,822 5,088 5,635 5,238 5,374 5,078 5,106 5,251 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 646 1,245 4,436 2,856 1,647 5,107 -7,116 5,658 -801 3,877 4,029 -965 -2,059 -3,112 -1,163 -2,244 -1,443 -2,383 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -10,129 -2,599 -1,271 -2,532 Total Constant Dollars ... 410,929 411,641 429,985 432,042 479,255 424,839 449,531 521,112 499,087 471,266 428,393 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.7 0.5 -2.2 3.4 -4.9 10.3 -5.3 -6.5 -10.5 -5.2 Military Personnel ... -8.1 -4.3 0.5 -1.5 1.4 6.9 1.9 13.3 Operation and Maintenance ... -10.3 4.7 -7.3 0.9 -12.8 -12.6 0.5 4.4 4.4 12.8 -13.4 -8.8 -11.4 Procurement ... -4.2 0.4 -2.2 3.0 -1.0 -1.1 5.3 8.5 0.0 -7.9 4.8 -2.8 RDT&E ... -0.6 -3.9 -9.1 -3.1 -9.7 -8.8 -4.5 0.4 Military Construction ... 17.5 10.3 1.0 33.9 Total Real Growth ... -5.6 -3.3 0.2 4.5 0.5 10.9 -4.6 -4.7 -4.2 5.1 -0.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-11 160

168 Table 6-11: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 127,463 138,941 147,340 155,692 161,608 152,266 150,824 106,746 127,542 Military Personnel ... 113,576 128,827 203,787 216,617 275,989 291,037 282,297 259,659 259,228 Operation and Maintenance ... 151,430 174,049 188,120 244,831 99,647 117,395 130,119 133,601 128,006 124,712 114,913 Procurement ... 67,925 76,217 82,294 89,758 68,628 73,136 79,030 76,991 74,871 70,396 66,892 RDT&E ... 53,102 60,756 65,691 75,119 12,317 6,245 16,624 21,168 19,918 14,605 11,564 5,331 6,310 5,850 Military Construction ... 7,892 3,717 3,471 3,590 2,719 3,172 3,330 2,334 1,830 Family Housing ... 3,782 3,903 3,719 2,788 2,230 4,801 2,642 2,396 1,264 4,722 3,209 Revolving and Management Funds ... -202 2,341 1,370 -2,629 -635 -1,366 -2,270 -2,070 -427 -1,851 -1,291 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,872 -1,251 -1,643 ... Total Current Dollars 607,793 636,337 666,739 677,964 650,905 474,154 436,517 387,340 499,277 594,599 529,089 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 164,937 171,879 176,421 181,421 185,387 Military Personnel ... 166,955 154,390 159,521 172,656 167,536 171,737 258,165 290,146 303,948 315,950 325,543 310,087 280,337 Operation and Maintenance ... 220,075 242,580 247,937 266,739 125,401 120,071 150,851 153,659 144,337 138,135 138,141 104,996 99,965 90,871 Procurement ... 111,075 84,778 87,998 88,076 91,164 88,059 83,953 77,639 72,860 RDT&E ... 71,110 79,661 83,713 7,703 9,492 24,337 22,415 16,151 13,430 Military Construction ... 7,826 8,260 6,779 13,577 19,211 3,146 4,206 3,738 2,566 1,978 4,180 3,635 4,595 4,744 5,159 5,111 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 3,063 2,695 1,425 5,207 3,502 -271 3,070 3,557 2,760 1,651 5,650 -2,256 -1,933 -1,584 -2,611 -2,334 -473 -2,020 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,727 -832 -1,596 -3,230 Total Constant Dollars ... 746,220 767,144 764,463 721,048 662,442 709,742 633,382 547,385 597,386 622,786 652,812 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.0 4.2 2.8 2.2 -7.4 -2.8 2.6 8.2 3.3 19.7 Military Personnel ... -1.6 3.3 8.8 4.8 3.9 3.0 -4.7 -9.6 Operation and Maintenance ... 13.2 10.2 2.2 4.1 8.1 5.8 1.9 -6.1 -4.3 -9.2 5.0 10.0 7.6 Procurement ... 15.0 9.2 1.3 3.8 -3.4 -4.7 -7.5 -6.2 3.5 5.1 12.0 18.2 RDT&E ... 0.1 23.2 43.0 41.5 26.7 -7.9 -27.9 -16.8 Military Construction ... 14.1 5.5 -17.9 13.6 Total Real Growth ... 4.3 5.1 2.8 -0.3 -5.7 -8.1 1.7 3.1 9.1 14.2 8.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-11 161

169 Table 6-11: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 147,905 159,833 161,758 167,229 172,224 176,622 148,923 Military Personnel ... 144,706 145,207 145,206 255,861 243,200 249,300 253,332 257,920 247,237 244,478 Operation and Maintenance ... 275,227 245,186 263,229 102,651 107,422 134,259 136,023 139,531 104,119 130,312 101,343 107,479 Procurement ... 118,643 72,788 86,116 92,411 92,437 89,325 86,387 RDT&E ... 64,929 64,125 64,873 68,126 8,314 Military Construction ... 9,781 10,244 10,365 10,667 9,822 8,115 6,676 6,673 9,949 1,303 1,208 1,334 1,409 1,414 1,410 1,382 1,197 1,351 Family Housing ... 1,128 -383 1,383 -10 -340 -341 -1,333 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,791 -2,697 -161 -1,995 -1,079 -1,027 -1,093 -926 -840 -844 -933 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,887 -2,026 -740 44,937 38,003 27,295 OCO to Base ... 41,981 19,400 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 17,980 15,740 10,300 Total Current Dollars ... 650,048 695,153 720,465 733,946 577,885 562,501 565,369 568,894 591,076 707,439 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 148,680 159,833 158,303 160,201 161,497 Military Personnel ... 162,558 156,731 157,504 151,299 162,112 254,501 275,227 258,262 239,309 237,843 236,797 Operation and Maintenance ... 260,833 261,987 257,509 259,801 107,870 109,248 127,882 129,173 128,303 129,032 118,643 107,773 115,555 Procurement ... 107,584 70,312 73,896 86,116 90,731 88,967 84,277 79,898 RDT&E ... 69,740 68,134 68,117 6,893 7,013 9,601 9,858 9,778 9,866 8,625 10,555 Military Construction ... 8,450 9,949 1,146 1,367 1,357 1,336 1,307 1,262 1,437 1,382 Family Housing ... 1,247 1,310 -169 1,407 -328 -1,258 -1,845 -396 -334 -2,868 3,000 Revolving and Management Funds ... -10 -1,044 -1,093 -908 -808 -796 -863 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -2,029 -2,154 -1,134 -765 OCO to Base ... 26,768 36,492 39,471 41,359 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 10,101 15,114 16,905 17,855 ... Total Constant Dollars 599,490 681,716 679,334 677,355 675,518 598,077 621,649 590,675 650,048 601,583 Percent Real Growth (%) -1.7 7.5 -1.0 1.2 0.8 0.4 Military Personnel ... -2.6 -3.6 0.5 -3.9 2.1 -1.2 -7.3 -0.6 -0.4 -1.7 0.4 -7.0 Operation and Maintenance ... 5.9 -6.2 -0.3 8.6 -0.7 0.6 1.5 7.8 1.0 0.1 -6.7 -7.9 Procurement ... RDT&E ... 5.4 -1.9 -5.3 -5.2 -4.3 -2.3 0.0 3.2 5.1 16.5 22.6 17.7 -3.5 2.7 -0.8 0.9 Military Construction ... -21.4 -18.3 -18.7 -1.7 Total Real Growth ... -0.2 4.9 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -1.2 8.1 1.8 -3.6 -6.2 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-11 162

170 Table 6-12: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 2,586 5,516 5,271 5,255 5,502 5,701 6,003 2,472 3,222 Civilian Pay ... 2,712 4,780 9,375 8,993 9,461 9,244 9,136 9,117 6,890 Military Pay ... 3,428 3,747 4,154 10,097 562 324 386 419 477 511 357 195 193 175 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 329 10,437 14,485 15,971 15,118 14,917 15,115 15,330 15,558 Total Pay ... 6,075 6,652 6,935 748 403 1,725 1,811 1,742 1,976 1,786 2,063 Other Military Personnel ... 1,005 746 2,018 4,222 3,981 4,929 2,661 3,028 4,027 6,202 1,233 8,427 Non-Pay Operations ... 826 1,188 4,751 13,785 19,512 18,198 15,849 15,277 16,956 Non-Pay Investment ... 2,245 2,655 2,759 17,350 4,739 24,230 27,439 24,938 20,252 20,281 22,768 9,135 Total Non-Pay ... 4,589 4,076 23,636 ... Total Current Dollars 19,572 38,716 43,410 40,056 35,169 35,396 38,098 39,194 10,151 11,241 11,674 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 49,098 95,709 87,011 81,839 80,432 80,099 79,099 53,117 Civilian Pay ... 53,890 62,012 86,129 141,077 193,282 176,739 166,835 169,374 159,678 184,924 Military Pay ... 83,777 91,817 90,548 195,012 3,789 4,046 4,681 4,785 5,103 5,263 5,732 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 3,064 3,360 3,534 3,654 206,743 283,199 276,616 263,363 252,370 254,736 244,510 Total Pay ... 139,958 149,067 143,180 294,767 14,043 3,178 14,888 13,435 14,640 12,293 13,906 6,460 6,271 8,962 Other Military Personnel ... 16,491 39,480 79,736 57,547 48,105 27,414 30,688 36,582 37,309 Non-Pay Operations ... 10,194 12,976 13,372 42,124 26,861 165,902 137,926 125,704 129,096 131,172 24,991 22,474 Non-Pay Investment ... 121,943 170,424 182,524 84,783 228,896 178,776 171,032 177,971 241,877 46,693 44,238 41,630 Total Non-Pay ... 218,170 ... Total Constant Dollars 291,526 501,369 505,511 442,139 423,402 432,707 427,034 536,644 189,873 193,305 181,588 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-12 163

171 Table 6-12: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 6,616 7,502 7,833 8,500 9,654 10,578 11,301 6,327 7,034 Civilian Pay ... 6,240 7,295 9,762 16,699 11,019 12,178 14,111 15,264 9,917 Military Pay ... 9,269 9,168 9,181 10,615 2,444 894 1,384 1,591 1,830 2,095 1,209 786 694 641 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 1,015 17,846 18,072 19,326 20,237 22,269 25,595 27,937 30,444 Total Pay ... 16,238 16,103 16,583 2,118 2,220 2,371 2,367 2,984 3,846 4,595 4,675 Other Military Personnel ... 1,890 1,875 2,222 12,119 6,022 5,616 8,433 11,982 14,296 5,738 5,025 4,871 Non-Pay Operations ... 5,133 4,875 20,738 22,775 22,035 17,660 20,407 25,935 30,437 Non-Pay Investment ... 18,205 18,641 19,566 30,548 26,709 29,869 30,144 25,644 31,824 41,762 49,328 28,980 Total Non-Pay ... 25,390 25,229 47,341 ... Total Current Dollars 46,826 47,941 49,470 45,880 54,093 67,357 77,265 77,785 41,467 41,494 43,292 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 74,113 75,928 74,821 78,398 85,711 90,831 91,254 78,461 Civilian Pay ... 75,254 76,974 76,961 162,469 158,536 161,928 178,900 184,530 186,965 158,567 Military Pay ... 153,831 150,613 149,590 158,655 9,858 11,292 12,708 13,975 15,507 17,171 19,016 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 6,116 6,675 7,582 8,618 248,061 245,355 246,096 254,301 280,117 292,532 297,235 Total Pay ... 238,408 232,542 231,284 245,875 26,736 14,761 15,456 18,859 23,463 27,110 15,654 13,914 12,568 12,568 Other Military Personnel ... 14,731 48,959 41,170 46,680 45,331 62,910 84,261 96,339 82,348 Non-Pay Operations ... 43,032 40,922 41,372 155,542 144,801 128,841 141,805 170,995 192,247 187,849 141,402 136,324 Non-Pay Investment ... 171,953 163,755 296,933 219,262 189,628 223,573 278,719 315,696 226,089 200,088 194,891 191,924 Total Non-Pay ... 227,854 ... Total Constant Dollars 467,323 473,209 435,724 477,874 558,836 608,228 594,168 471,964 431,372 427,433 430,332 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-12 164

172 Table 6-12: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 13,222 15,334 16,418 17,549 18,854 20,494 22,262 12,204 13,574 Civilian Pay ... 12,504 14,137 21,013 26,854 21,885 22,598 23,815 25,084 20,494 Military Pay ... 18,638 18,676 19,762 21,573 11,920 4,390 7,296 8,216 9,171 10,279 6,242 3,885 3,386 2,849 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 5,128 38,458 40,278 43,148 45,599 48,364 51,840 55,857 61,035 Total Pay ... 33,691 34,566 36,868 3,274 2,752 3,395 3,178 3,117 3,260 3,323 3,988 Other Military Personnel ... 4,393 3,956 2,715 24,543 9,314 14,316 16,581 17,989 18,413 14,043 11,114 11,517 Non-Pay Operations ... 11,400 10,918 22,699 23,041 24,314 24,798 27,495 29,953 37,420 Non-Pay Investment ... 27,586 25,032 23,820 43,274 38,208 37,272 41,752 42,293 47,194 51,202 59,156 34,765 Total Non-Pay ... 39,906 43,379 71,805 ... Total Current Dollars 73,223 77,550 84,900 87,891 95,557 103,042 115,013 132,840 77,070 74,472 75,076 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 81,287 75,507 74,752 73,465 73,071 75,002 76,261 88,263 Civilian Pay ... 83,225 78,675 75,250 141,200 135,647 123,207 121,396 120,793 120,700 126,010 Military Pay ... 181,605 168,282 152,921 130,742 27,039 28,847 30,366 32,286 33,521 34,702 35,902 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,622 22,152 23,831 25,386 245,261 237,937 231,127 228,958 227,988 230,497 232,864 Total Pay ... 290,489 273,659 258,039 235,096 10,598 13,394 11,810 10,705 10,453 9,768 13,560 16,596 20,824 24,171 Other Military Personnel ... 12,476 56,099 60,959 64,386 60,592 64,727 64,926 61,639 64,411 Non-Pay Operations ... 74,872 67,785 67,607 117,872 128,686 99,364 102,040 103,664 119,295 123,981 141,610 163,458 Non-Pay Investment ... 112,336 104,710 198,990 187,365 171,766 177,472 179,043 190,701 182,656 212,890 230,219 262,501 Total Non-Pay ... 185,770 ... Total Constant Dollars 432,626 423,707 402,893 406,430 407,032 421,199 431,853 417,752 470,929 503,878 552,990 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-12 165

173 Table 6-12: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 27,762 32,161 34,095 35,851 37,612 39,806 41,139 23,775 29,452 Civilian Pay ... 26,065 31,404 43,967 53,520 47,713 49,494 50,920 52,844 41,367 Military Pay ... 31,067 36,930 39,090 46,220 17,201 16,471 18,241 18,265 18,466 16,248 17,415 15,945 14,938 13,729 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 17,072 87,289 92,443 95,796 100,049 103,610 106,998 108,898 111,860 Total Pay ... 68,571 77,933 82,797 6,433 6,288 7,877 6,066 8,578 11,290 6,531 12,719 Other Military Personnel ... 5,341 5,411 6,804 19,921 40,168 49,708 53,506 54,365 52,695 50,098 39,680 46,113 Non-Pay Operations ... 31,010 38,946 87,060 100,010 111,865 118,185 116,242 122,227 121,632 Non-Pay Investment ... 51,231 62,230 76,131 117,889 122,244 152,927 169,840 173,959 178,325 187,883 180,857 133,517 Total Non-Pay ... 106,586 87,582 150,530 ... Total Current Dollars 220,806 245,370 265,636 274,007 281,935 294,880 289,755 262,389 156,153 184,520 205,040 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 80,827 85,165 85,000 84,045 82,970 83,699 83,197 74,892 Civilian Pay ... 80,011 82,396 84,966 127,981 129,308 130,094 129,170 127,109 122,804 131,593 Military Pay ... 122,461 125,226 126,795 130,321 38,234 38,306 38,763 38,163 37,840 37,358 38,340 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 37,185 37,965 38,305 38,268 248,645 252,508 255,356 252,302 249,980 248,165 244,341 Total Pay ... 234,538 243,201 245,927 253,792 20,682 13,007 11,493 15,781 19,933 11,076 15,328 13,813 12,082 12,834 Other Military Personnel ... 13,611 86,925 97,807 105,242 103,256 109,026 107,427 101,800 38,813 Non-Pay Operations ... 72,767 84,456 85,779 180,153 166,211 224,066 214,025 215,968 206,441 191,784 144,778 132,337 Non-Pay Investment ... 200,160 217,797 251,278 280,085 338,815 338,831 343,328 319,317 338,367 265,802 241,316 217,939 Total Non-Pay ... 311,578 ... Total Constant Dollars 528,729 564,086 594,171 591,133 593,309 567,483 495,620 592,159 511,729 484,517 452,477 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-12 166

174 Table 6-12: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 43,580 42,740 41,255 41,226 41,932 43,241 45,864 41,779 43,559 Civilian Pay ... 44,168 43,031 49,238 48,698 44,007 44,722 43,585 45,619 49,400 Military Pay ... 54,084 52,377 49,235 49,146 13,355 12,123 10,380 10,454 11,366 11,308 11,070 12,277 13,029 15,913 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 11,153 105,082 103,422 102,957 95,642 96,403 96,883 100,168 107,916 Total Pay ... 111,776 109,574 105,093 11,624 10,327 9,506 14,590 14,326 20,999 17,049 24,749 Other Military Personnel ... 11,174 10,498 6,278 90,674 51,379 56,631 61,956 71,952 76,647 57,529 53,506 53,918 Non-Pay Operations ... 52,490 50,330 93,820 89,640 88,339 89,274 88,694 91,400 97,115 Non-Pay Investment ... 111,521 108,186 98,413 108,777 163,542 149,836 155,373 160,494 164,976 184,351 190,812 155,526 Total Non-Pay ... 169,014 175,185 224,200 ... Total Current Dollars 260,608 253,258 258,330 256,136 261,379 281,234 290,980 332,116 286,962 278,588 268,635 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 79,473 72,117 67,715 65,317 63,392 63,039 63,921 81,108 Civilian Pay ... 82,587 77,520 74,787 99,294 96,648 80,025 74,418 75,112 75,006 81,580 Military Pay ... 119,910 110,687 101,437 93,658 21,892 21,097 19,242 18,707 19,407 18,619 20,570 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 34,889 27,533 25,294 24,367 201,181 193,327 168,537 164,049 157,217 156,769 159,496 Total Pay ... 235,907 220,807 206,203 186,872 33,441 15,318 20,696 20,161 29,144 23,221 13,579 17,569 16,186 17,641 Other Military Personnel ... 9,129 93,769 95,519 98,131 95,004 102,552 116,697 119,737 139,293 Non-Pay Operations ... 91,349 95,157 98,616 139,262 148,878 126,692 124,879 126,928 132,314 147,025 166,937 176,216 Non-Pay Investment ... 130,417 126,256 319,759 248,350 242,392 247,592 272,769 275,273 237,967 265,063 278,280 285,205 Total Non-Pay ... 235,066 ... Total Constant Dollars 449,531 428,393 410,929 411,641 429,985 432,042 479,255 424,839 471,266 499,087 521,112 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-12 167

175 Table 6-12: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 53,535 61,296 66,424 67,753 70,977 72,612 71,919 47,346 Civilian Pay ... 57,222 50,305 58,148 64,603 65,634 74,827 75,280 75,688 76,266 71,549 69,043 Military Pay ... 51,144 62,348 63,039 15,261 16,106 17,493 20,307 20,796 21,776 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 13,507 14,096 14,592 14,211 20,408 136,037 146,445 155,465 162,887 167,053 170,075 139,042 131,166 126,749 111,997 Total Pay ... 168,593 10,135 11,231 11,185 10,351 8,960 11,010 10,845 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,695 8,307 10,065 8,297 39,767 36,702 42,607 47,948 51,599 54,522 43,958 45,853 Other Military Personnel ... 34,400 28,825 38,592 199,248 154,362 204,522 217,303 230,669 225,387 197,575 143,028 165,970 Non-Pay Operations ... 109,892 132,229 160,151 176,144 196,788 218,051 225,991 214,709 200,639 Non-Pay Investment ... 123,356 140,407 150,128 185,802 342,988 390,046 448,155 480,871 503,852 510,911 480,829 363,240 Total Non-Pay ... 309,768 275,343 439,200 ... Total Current Dollars 499,277 529,089 594,599 636,337 666,739 677,964 650,905 607,793 387,340 436,517 474,154 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 66,524 69,843 72,844 72,845 76,312 78,069 77,324 63,389 Civilian Pay ... 64,698 68,967 68,574 85,514 84,593 86,734 86,054 85,158 84,375 85,754 Military Pay ... 75,237 88,064 86,029 85,978 19,669 20,056 20,966 23,539 23,773 24,500 22,578 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 19,869 19,910 19,914 18,811 173,292 172,837 179,564 183,118 186,139 187,728 184,277 Total Pay ... 158,495 172,672 172,467 175,877 9,964 15,455 14,113 11,803 14,082 13,389 15,709 15,976 13,740 13,263 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 16,450 47,757 44,224 50,137 55,588 59,345 61,478 48,689 50,038 Other Military Personnel ... 46,020 37,807 50,738 198,693 192,054 244,142 252,973 260,709 249,051 215,412 188,957 164,514 Non-Pay Operations ... 207,054 236,486 202,752 198,185 252,813 259,905 242,056 222,191 231,534 191,552 184,210 165,093 Non-Pay Investment ... 212,247 460,090 479,976 533,866 566,656 584,027 578,325 533,320 478,166 Total Non-Pay ... 388,890 424,713 450,319 Total Constant Dollars ... 709,742 746,220 767,144 764,463 721,048 652,812 633,382 597,386 547,385 622,786 662,442 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-12 168

176 Table 6-12: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY CATEGORY (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Category FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 70,190 77,024 77,980 79,687 81,382 83,096 68,730 Civilian Pay ... 72,146 67,819 75,720 Military Pay ... 75,045 84,366 86,509 88,483 74,137 82,052 74,320 72,478 72,513 79,328 18,536 20,735 20,499 20,954 21,304 21,598 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,339 19,653 19,322 18,166 164,448 169,301 180,532 185,007 189,195 193,176 Total Pay ... 163,389 159,950 162,025 177,087 6,629 6,961 8,003 8,480 8,973 9,461 7,533 7,023 7,436 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 8,147 45,442 43,479 52,237 51,204 53,429 55,438 Other Military Personnel ... 46,829 46,053 49,441 57,080 182,151 192,643 209,905 196,882 181,574 183,185 185,570 Non-Pay Operations ... 186,541 184,924 182,953 165,123 169,089 220,937 225,206 223,712 224,322 203,286 Non-Pay Investment ... 173,691 164,551 177,506 404,446 421,774 472,961 477,027 468,688 471,309 476,433 Total Non-Pay ... 414,496 402,551 403,344 44,937 OCO to Base ... 27,295 38,003 41,981 19,400 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 10,300 15,740 17,980 Total Current Dollars ... 733,946 650,048 695,153 707,439 720,465 562,501 577,885 565,369 591,076 568,894 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 73,956 76,099 77,024 76,829 76,897 76,917 76,922 Civilian Pay ... 73,382 71,692 73,316 77,814 77,555 80,286 80,852 81,200 81,345 78,449 81,247 Military Pay ... 76,997 79,328 19,018 20,666 20,081 19,997 19,855 21,272 22,234 Military Retired Pay Accrual ... 20,735 19,067 20,058 171,537 172,113 177,830 178,114 178,123 170,836 177,172 171,413 176,863 Total Pay ... 177,087 Medicare-Eligible Ret Health Fund Contr ... 7,533 7,710 7,863 8,008 8,126 8,729 8,035 7,328 7,464 8,448 46,954 52,237 50,249 51,405 52,292 44,218 51,955 48,975 50,348 Other Military Personnel ... 52,785 190,706 196,280 209,905 192,898 173,957 171,549 169,827 Non-Pay Operations ... 198,975 196,081 193,739 174,715 173,519 216,818 216,674 211,016 207,443 174,985 186,735 Non-Pay Investment ... 180,524 203,286 429,470 449,898 467,675 419,839 442,865 438,181 Total Non-Pay ... 444,787 472,961 428,077 426,541 41,359 39,471 26,768 OCO to Base ... 36,492 17,855 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... 10,101 15,114 16,905 ... Total Constant Dollars 650,048 681,716 679,334 677,355 601,583 598,077 590,675 599,490 621,649 675,518 * Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-12 169

177 Table 6-13: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1948 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1949 FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1950 FY 1951 Current Dollars 7,395 16,249 12,828 8,788 8,588 3,916 9,131 8,972 Army ... 3,396 3,488 15,561 11,009 10,112 11,208 9,694 9,641 10,318 11,616 4,035 3,952 3,845 Navy ... 5,528 6,287 12,650 15,137 15,588 16,227 16,613 18,235 18,411 Air Force ... 2,735 3,601 3,519 362 204 432 461 553 572 644 408 200 393 Defense-Wide ... 175 ... Total Current Dollars 38,716 43,410 40,056 35,169 35,396 38,098 39,194 10,151 11,241 11,674 19,572 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 114,911 200,538 167,379 125,906 114,813 115,733 200,669 66,537 68,092 65,467 Army ... 111,921 86,089 137,288 152,409 147,906 127,334 121,804 123,811 124,587 Navy ... 67,225 66,026 65,166 86,471 54,481 185,076 183,698 181,029 187,396 184,152 55,735 45,828 Air Force ... 158,992 179,130 4,420 3,690 5,201 5,757 5,768 6,374 3,452 5,150 4,055 4,566 Defense-Wide ... 3,069 Total Constant Dollars ... 536,644 505,511 442,139 423,402 432,707 181,588 193,305 189,873 291,526 501,369 427,034 Percent Real Growth (%) -16.5 -24.8 -8.8 0.8 -3.3 -0.1 -2.3 4.0 Army ... 74.6 72.7 11.0 -3.0 -13.9 -4.3 1.6 0.6 Navy ... -1.8 -1.3 32.1 59.5 3.3 12.7 -1.5 3.5 -1.7 21.6 -2.3 -0.7 Air Force ... 83.9 58.7 ... Total Real Growth -5.8 -12.5 -4.2 2.2 -1.3 6.5 -1.8 53.5 72.0 7.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-13 170

178 Table 6-13: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1959 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1960 FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1961 FY 1962 Current Dollars 10,145 11,552 14,732 20,958 25,222 25,033 12,011 11,476 11,248 Army ... 9,533 9,453 13,973 14,466 13,339 15,962 19,246 22,072 Navy ... 11,835 11,726 12,234 13,191 22,505 20,790 20,456 18,146 20,065 22,912 25,734 20,610 19,804 19,289 19,249 Air Force ... 25,892 1,597 1,883 2,537 2,843 3,335 4,241 4,237 4,355 Defense-Wide ... 849 1,025 1,109 Total Current Dollars ... 77,785 45,880 54,093 67,357 77,265 47,941 43,292 49,470 41,467 41,494 46,826 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 120,774 198,633 115,073 133,739 174,989 122,031 191,832 Army ... 109,700 107,399 110,044 120,913 174,229 137,809 131,137 143,843 162,623 176,045 143,602 128,481 127,378 128,669 Navy ... 144,882 193,842 190,883 186,209 166,066 173,622 188,995 201,665 196,196 Air Force ... 184,387 183,682 183,069 13,642 9,778 23,448 26,669 32,229 31,885 31,911 8,974 7,576 Defense-Wide ... 16,670 21,239 Total Constant Dollars ... 467,323 435,724 477,874 558,836 608,228 431,372 594,168 471,964 430,332 427,433 473,209 Percent Real Growth (%) 2.5 -4.8 16.2 30.8 13.5 -3.4 0.1 -2.1 -2.0 Army ... 10.9 -1.0 5.1 -0.9 -8.7 9.7 13.1 8.3 -1.0 Navy ... 3.3 -1.0 0.9 7.3 -1.5 4.6 8.9 6.7 -2.7 0.1 -10.8 -2.4 Air Force ... 5.9 -0.3 -0.4 Total Real Growth ... -0.3 -7.7 9.7 16.9 8.8 -2.3 0.8 -0.7 0.9 8.3 1.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-13 171

179 Table 6-13: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1970 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1971 FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1972 FY 1973 Current Dollars 22,596 21,398 23,919 26,019 28,770 32,601 21,920 21,395 20,185 Army ... 24,749 23,077 23,984 27,393 28,462 30,775 33,524 37,813 Navy ... 22,505 22,051 22,336 22,470 42,710 23,627 25,042 26,446 27,915 29,217 32,277 23,928 23,999 23,778 24,867 Air Force ... 38,976 6,941 8,243 10,545 11,585 12,948 14,282 16,152 18,554 Defense-Wide ... 4,948 5,566 6,146 Total Current Dollars ... 132,840 87,891 95,557 103,042 115,013 77,550 75,076 84,900 77,070 74,472 73,223 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 118,577 110,399 102,505 106,243 107,186 120,178 113,285 Army ... 177,425 157,620 141,794 111,027 138,222 132,774 130,381 130,723 131,839 137,794 134,809 140,420 148,977 162,410 Navy ... 130,535 140,806 132,323 124,627 122,495 119,877 116,904 119,580 125,323 Air Force ... 179,373 162,348 152,369 38,869 36,345 47,513 49,587 51,103 53,426 55,024 34,933 33,782 Defense-Wide ... 42,272 47,289 Total Constant Dollars ... 432,626 402,893 406,430 407,032 421,199 470,929 431,853 417,752 552,990 503,878 423,707 Percent Real Growth (%) -10.0 -7.7 3.6 0.9 3.0 2.6 -6.4 -11.2 -7.5 Army ... -15.2 -1.3 -1.7 3.3 -3.3 0.3 0.9 4.5 0.3 Navy ... -6.8 -8.3 -5.7 -5.4 -6.0 -2.1 -2.5 2.3 4.8 -8.6 -1.7 -5.8 Air Force ... -7.6 -6.1 -9.5 Total Real Growth ... -1.4 -3.6 0.9 0.1 3.5 2.5 -6.9 -8.9 -6.5 -8.1 -2.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-13 172

180 Table 6-13: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1981 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1982 FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1983 FY 1984 Current Dollars 51,520 73,855 77,427 80,121 78,213 90,654 71,107 66,708 55,655 Army ... 37,620 45,281 84,197 88,492 90,813 94,570 101,171 97,725 Navy ... 50,482 59,242 67,402 70,920 102,180 68,620 91,188 91,144 93,060 94,676 93,546 81,988 62,894 55,676 45,157 Air Force ... 94,510 25,611 12,476 14,848 18,195 16,878 18,912 20,272 -24,954 Defense-Wide ... 22,895 24,321 23,224 Total Current Dollars ... 262,389 274,007 281,935 294,880 289,755 245,370 205,040 265,636 156,153 184,520 220,806 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 158,415 157,071 164,857 166,055 164,862 139,063 170,963 Army ... 116,829 126,079 134,873 163,207 189,351 168,763 196,766 198,043 202,960 191,216 197,203 166,586 154,396 145,331 Navy ... 192,587 161,493 185,723 200,324 195,703 193,801 190,055 182,793 173,534 Air Force ... 129,590 143,082 154,165 59,411 56,105 36,846 33,234 35,431 36,403 -38,228 60,961 60,727 Defense-Wide ... 27,361 31,425 Total Constant Dollars ... 528,729 594,171 591,133 593,309 567,483 511,729 495,620 592,159 452,477 484,517 564,086 Percent Real Growth (%) 7.0 1.0 0.7 -0.7 -4.7 8.8 3.0 7.9 3.1 Army ... 3.1 13.9 14.1 2.4 -0.2 0.6 2.5 -5.8 -1.0 Navy ... 5.1 6.2 7.9 1.3 15.0 -1.0 -1.9 -3.8 -5.1 3.4 -2.3 7.9 Air Force ... 4.8 7.7 10.4 Total Real Growth ... 5.0 0.3 -0.5 0.4 -4.4 -12.7 4.8 7.1 5.6 3.3 6.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-13 173

181 Table 6-13: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 1992 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1993 FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1994 FY 1995 Current Dollars 65,350 64,586 65,773 70,617 73,854 83,324 64,857 61,682 64,079 Army ... 79,501 72,584 79,587 82,098 78,047 78,598 87,204 90,444 Navy ... 96,858 94,914 85,927 85,910 98,547 76,799 76,622 77,906 79,158 82,092 84,827 75,378 80,289 83,802 85,019 Air Force ... 95,561 33,820 36,610 34,753 35,597 37,850 41,321 41,855 54,683 Defense-Wide ... 25,583 27,289 37,069 Total Current Dollars ... 332,116 256,136 261,379 281,234 290,980 253,258 268,635 258,330 286,962 278,588 260,608 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 105,539 108,478 103,753 102,973 106,887 111,921 118,324 Army ... 148,849 131,030 116,478 107,401 139,890 144,440 123,041 122,373 131,213 131,719 132,302 147,816 167,451 176,090 Navy ... 131,933 130,330 124,942 123,443 122,112 122,067 123,577 123,252 135,629 Air Force ... 153,847 146,145 137,355 62,839 69,618 62,024 64,228 68,308 68,592 85,413 54,461 42,326 Defense-Wide ... 65,979 61,692 Total Constant Dollars ... 449,531 410,929 411,641 429,985 432,042 471,266 479,255 424,839 521,112 499,087 428,393 Percent Real Growth (%) -11.1 -3.4 -0.8 3.8 1.5 9.1 1.8 -12.0 -12.9 Army ... -3.9 -5.7 -8.7 0.3 -7.0 -0.5 7.2 0.4 6.2 Navy ... -7.0 -4.9 -11.7 -2.3 -4.1 0.0 1.2 -0.3 10.0 -11.3 -1.1 -1.2 Air Force ... -5.1 -6.0 -5.0 Total Real Growth ... -0.8 -3.3 0.2 4.5 0.5 10.9 5.1 -4.2 -5.6 -4.6 -4.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-13 174

182 Table 6-13: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 152,113 212,565 232,384 238,625 237,225 213,604 190,931 105,248 Army ... 163,357 129,039 179,413 139,141 160,158 158,108 166,883 170,868 167,682 132,267 Navy ... 112,017 120,381 126,088 152,459 152,740 132,706 152,307 159,505 163,085 159,262 144,983 127,939 122,162 111,559 Air Force ... 135,262 70,946 75,272 84,592 93,538 101,726 106,786 110,357 Defense-Wide ... 58,517 64,935 68,014 103,964 Total Current Dollars ... 529,089 594,599 636,337 666,739 677,964 650,905 607,793 436,517 499,277 387,340 474,154 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 205,772 253,089 270,930 274,067 267,402 197,867 208,518 Army ... 146,491 236,684 174,123 219,900 173,811 170,364 184,317 190,939 191,313 184,329 180,511 164,141 163,423 156,780 Navy ... 166,326 165,998 165,056 170,578 177,554 182,059 182,367 175,116 164,356 Air Force ... 156,213 165,933 166,204 95,286 97,492 120,079 123,381 124,919 115,756 Defense-Wide ... 113,420 105,565 94,573 93,906 87,901 Total Constant Dollars ... 709,742 746,220 767,144 764,463 721,048 662,442 547,385 597,386 622,786 633,382 652,812 Percent Real Growth (%) 6.9 7.0 1.2 -2.4 -11.5 -11.9 15.1 13.6 18.9 23.8 Army ... 4.0 2.4 6.0 2.1 3.6 0.2 -3.7 -5.7 Navy ... 12.1 4.2 0.4 1.3 -0.6 2.5 0.2 -4.0 -6.1 15.2 4.1 3.3 Air Force ... -0.1 0.2 6.2 Total Real Growth ... 8.7 5.1 2.8 -0.3 -5.7 -8.1 14.2 9.1 4.3 1.7 3.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-13 175

183 Table 6-13: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OUTLAYS BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 150,093 174,324 168,134 160,069 159,194 160,321 166,190 Army ... 148,240 155,393 157,234 163,221 196,279 183,484 187,419 191,881 160,047 Navy ... 160,153 159,546 161,694 176,312 150,341 156,315 184,816 186,085 187,668 191,279 182,080 147,169 147,718 Air Force ... 161,765 104,291 108,855 117,333 121,124 120,123 121,760 121,730 Defense-Wide ... 103,824 100,394 103,241 41,981 44,937 OCO to Base ... 27,295 38,003 19,400 17,980 15,740 10,300 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... ... Total Current Dollars 565,369 695,153 568,894 720,465 733,946 591,076 650,048 562,501 577,885 707,439 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 160,077 174,324 Army ... 153,796 149,822 147,787 179,061 165,720 158,624 153,850 164,908 165,994 176,312 180,086 180,272 180,838 165,999 170,830 169,142 171,626 Navy ... 181,236 162,174 164,469 182,080 181,426 179,053 176,955 176,726 Air Force ... 157,005 155,868 158,813 108,657 109,811 118,427 114,607 113,364 110,555 108,760 113,958 Defense-Wide ... 111,038 117,333 41,359 39,471 36,492 26,768 OCO to Base ... 10,101 17,855 16,905 15,114 Outyears Placeholder for OCO ... ... Total Constant Dollars 650,048 681,716 679,334 677,355 675,518 621,649 599,490 598,077 590,675 601,583 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.0 -5.4 -6.7 -2.6 -1.4 8.9 -4.3 -7.5 -14.1 4.0 Army ... 0.0 6.2 2.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 Navy ... -1.3 -1.4 1.0 -2.8 10.7 1.4 -1.3 -1.2 -0.1 1.9 2.1 -0.4 Air Force ... -4.5 -0.7 ... Total Real Growth 8.1 4.9 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -6.2 -3.6 -0.2 -1.2 1.8 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-13 176

184 Table 6-14: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN PAY CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Thousands) Foreign Foreign General Total Total Fiscal Year Total US Wage Board Nationals Nationals Schedule Direct Hires Civilian Pay (Direct Hire) (Indirect Hire) 4,218,766 7,322,460 1970 ... 11,834,964 368,588 11,541,226 12,203,552 293,738 12,503,980 406,956 1971 ... 7,563,332 4,236,158 11,799,490 297,534 12,097,024 13,221,729 8,125,799 4,341,701 12,467,500 1972 ... 251,856 12,719,356 502,373 13,573,740 642,648 12,931,092 179,776 4,508,037 8,243,279 1973 ... 12,751,316 769,487 14,136,995 8,564,289 4,635,296 13,199,585 1974 ... 13,367,508 167,923 14,499,127 15,333,531 1975 ... 9,157,047 5,161,056 14,318,103 181,024 834,404 890,691 15,527,022 16,417,713 200,741 15,326,281 5,612,971 9,713,310 1976 ... 1977 ... 17,549,315 10,364,135 5,995,442 16,359,577 232,510 16,592,087 957,228 17,601,947 1,251,639 18,853,586 11,063,068 6,283,002 1978 ... 255,877 17,346,070 282,817 1,315,714 20,493,993 1979 ... 12,255,408 6,640,054 18,895,462 19,178,279 20,830,738 20,523,111 7,222,536 13,300,575 1,431,132 1980 ... 307,627 22,261,870 1,533,365 22,241,653 23,775,018 330,379 21,911,274 7,745,903 14,165,371 1981 ... 1982 ... 26,065,452 15,800,350 8,422,631 24,222,981 360,029 24,583,010 1,482,442 26,578,113 1,183,643 27,761,756 1983 ... 17,598,704 8,638,545 26,237,249 340,864 28,119,949 18,597,308 29,451,862 1984 ... 9,165,655 27,762,963 356,986 1,331,913 30,181,646 31,403,797 365,663 1,222,151 29,815,983 9,458,264 20,357,719 1985 ... 1986 ... 1,115,798 32,161,336 21,255,995 9,394,063 30,650,058 395,480 31,045,538 454,213 32,416,809 1,677,939 34,094,748 1987 ... 22,529,058 9,433,538 31,962,596 488,464 33,450,863 35,851,266 9,555,068 23,895,795 1988 ... 33,939,327 1,911,939 35,707,667 35,157,049 9,675,274 25,481,775 1989 ... 1,904,390 550,618 37,612,057 1,934,594 37,871,895 1990 ... 27,327,015 39,806,489 9,910,821 37,237,836 634,059 1,865,466 41,139,289 1991 ... 28,679,764 9,974,471 38,654,235 619,588 39,273,823 1,899,189 41,779,409 39,880,220 631,872 39,248,348 29,668,620 1992 ... 9,579,728 1993 ... 1,868,189 44,168,110 31,334,339 10,321,348 41,655,687 644,234 42,299,921 523,075 1,505,849 43,579,963 1994 ... 32,112,819 9,438,220 41,551,039 42,074,114 42,041,256 43,558,575 501,181 1,517,319 41,540,075 9,368,241 32,171,834 1995 ... 1996 ... 1,314,076 43,031,131 32,450,228 8,639,200 41,089,428 627,627 41,717,055 536,098 41,353,253 1,386,928 42,740,181 1997 ... 32,605,841 8,211,314 40,817,155 492,516 39,530,312 41,254,845 8,085,280 31,445,032 1998 ... 40,022,828 1,232,017 40,315,081 41,226,189 444,574 1999 ... 911,108 31,894,925 7,975,582 39,870,507 40,885,300 1,046,633 41,931,933 2000 ... 32,565,504 7,882,645 40,448,149 437,151 42,259,980 981,061 43,241,041 442,409 41,817,571 7,875,336 2001 ... 33,942,235 463,570 45,044,984 818,599 45,863,583 2002 ... 36,463,010 8,118,404 44,581,414 342,300 836,188 47,346,128 46,509,940 46,167,640 8,109,277 38,058,363 2003 ... 376,256 49,343,787 961,374 50,305,161 2004 ... 40,212,280 8,755,251 48,967,531 Chapter 6 Table 6-14 177

185 Table 6-14: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN PAY (Continued) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Thousands) Foreign Foreign General Total Total Fiscal Year Nationals Total US Wage Board Nationals Schedule Direct Hires Civilian Pay (Direct Hire) (Indirect Hire) 9,066,115 43,016,309 2005 ... 52,448,378 1,086,876 52,082,424 365,954 53,535,254 57,221,964 1,148,262 466,788 55,606,914 8,899,655 46,707,259 2006 ... 56,073,702 1,202,955 58,147,718 47,047,988 9,483,080 56,531,068 2007 ... 56,944,763 413,695 60,098,726 1,197,292 61,296,018 467,561 59,631,165 10,233,296 49,397,869 2008 ... 65,200,363 1,223,504 66,423,867 54,579,685 10,120,109 2009 ... 500,569 64,699,794 493,942 1,265,902 67,753,142 2010 ... 55,460,110 10,533,188 65,993,298 66,487,240 74,840,793 76,449,053 1,026,678 2011 ... 1,608,260 62,336,304 11,477,811 73,814,115 76,042,698 1,205,951 77,248,649 2012 ... 65,126,332 10,451,027 75,577,359 465,339 74,763,564 1,248,463 76,012,027 476,993 74,286,571 9,653,994 2013 ... 64,632,577 513,483 74,872,014 1,129,410 76,001,424 2014 ... 64,657,766 9,700,765 74,358,531 781,568 75,676,708 77,325,853 8,941,629 66,735,079 2015 ... 76,458,276 867,577 78,865,236 78,287,899 10,425,278 67,862,621 2016 ... 774,286 577,337 79,639,522 80,131,614 80,839,814 580,010 79,551,604 10,773,953 68,777,651 2017 ... 708,200 2018 ... 1,029,587 84,240,797 71,743,798 10,845,346 82,589,144 622,066 83,211,210 610,089 83,932,232 1,101,320 85,033,552 83,322,143 10,971,281 72,350,862 2019 ... 693,695 85,226,498 1,039,323 86,265,821 2020 ... 73,452,099 11,080,704 84,532,803 708,263 75,039,071 88,135,110 11,320,108 86,359,179 2021 ... 87,067,442 1,067,668 723,136 1,090,089 89,985,342 88,172,117 11,557,751 76,614,366 2022 ... 88,895,253 738,322 90,762,548 1,112,981 91,875,529 2023 ... 78,223,697 11,800,529 90,024,226 NOTE: For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-14 178

186 Table 6-15: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN PAY FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Thousands) Foreign Foreign General Total Total Fiscal Year Total US Wage Board Nationals Nationals Schedule Direct Hires Civilian Pay (Direct Hire) (Indirect Hire) 36,030,144 43,231,829 1970 ... 83,253,795 5,009,014 79,261,973 88,262,809 3,991,822 83,225,329 4,506,644 1971 ... 42,446,133 32,977,650 75,423,784 3,294,901 78,718,685 81,287,293 42,822,976 30,198,717 73,021,692 1972 ... 2,760,092 75,781,784 5,505,509 78,674,873 6,981,247 71,693,626 1,952,952 28,881,723 40,858,951 1973 ... 69,740,674 6,524,988 75,250,245 40,476,227 26,825,100 67,301,327 1974 ... 68,725,257 1,423,930 69,141,144 75,507,481 1975 ... 41,092,164 26,667,803 67,759,967 1,381,177 6,366,337 5,975,549 68,776,136 74,751,685 1,346,750 67,429,386 25,760,479 41,668,907 1976 ... 1977 ... 73,464,981 42,525,138 24,734,923 67,260,062 1,212,625 68,472,686 4,992,295 67,416,096 5,655,002 73,071,098 42,420,592 23,839,431 1978 ... 1,156,072 66,260,024 1,119,262 5,207,003 75,002,293 1979 ... 44,892,648 23,783,380 68,676,028 69,795,290 71,180,864 70,088,880 24,401,977 45,686,903 5,080,092 1980 ... 1,091,984 76,260,956 4,951,950 69,939,667 74,891,617 1,066,948 68,872,719 24,232,668 44,640,051 1981 ... 1982 ... 80,010,841 48,653,325 25,840,117 74,493,441 1,078,130 75,571,572 4,439,269 77,029,641 3,796,962 80,826,603 1983 ... 49,517,356 26,418,841 75,936,197 1,093,444 78,196,810 50,305,726 82,395,965 1984 ... 26,765,606 77,071,332 1,125,478 4,199,155 81,100,760 84,965,835 1,156,416 3,865,075 79,944,345 27,281,934 52,662,411 1985 ... 1986 ... 3,305,335 85,165,134 53,922,077 26,766,189 80,688,266 1,171,533 81,859,799 1,189,189 80,607,082 4,393,063 85,000,145 1987 ... 54,280,026 25,137,867 79,417,893 1,160,662 78,340,953 84,044,660 23,376,250 54,964,703 1988 ... 79,501,615 4,543,045 78,995,853 77,846,902 22,590,880 55,256,022 1989 ... 3,973,811 1,148,951 82,969,664 3,977,823 79,721,349 1990 ... 56,478,128 83,699,172 21,939,498 78,417,626 1,303,723 3,687,735 83,197,241 1991 ... 56,987,592 21,297,086 78,284,678 1,224,828 79,509,506 3,604,835 81,107,583 77,502,748 1,199,351 76,303,396 56,613,935 1992 ... 19,689,461 1993 ... 3,415,645 82,586,542 57,572,725 20,420,306 77,993,031 1,177,866 79,170,897 931,806 2,682,521 79,472,689 1994 ... 57,512,481 18,345,881 75,858,362 76,790,168 74,871,726 77,520,154 874,795 2,648,428 73,996,932 17,802,965 56,193,967 1995 ... 1996 ... 2,239,576 74,786,674 55,361,326 16,116,109 71,477,435 1,069,663 72,547,098 887,461 69,821,503 2,295,931 72,117,434 1997 ... 54,020,583 14,913,459 68,934,042 792,929 64,938,727 67,715,151 14,281,025 50,657,702 1998 ... 65,731,656 1,983,495 63,901,067 65,316,666 690,740 1999 ... 1,415,599 49,593,966 13,616,361 63,210,327 61,811,717 1,580,227 63,391,944 2000 ... 49,212,536 11,939,163 61,151,699 660,019 61,609,984 1,428,658 63,038,642 644,252 60,965,732 11,501,808 2001 ... 49,463,924 645,814 62,781,040 1,140,415 63,921,455 2002 ... 50,833,088 11,302,138 62,135,226 457,978 1,118,774 63,388,824 62,270,050 61,812,072 10,851,219 50,960,853 2003 ... 483,591 63,462,222 1,235,626 64,697,848 2004 ... 51,730,099 11,248,533 62,978,632 Chapter 6 Table 6-15 179

187 Table 6-15: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN PAY (Continued) FY 2019 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Thousands) Foreign Foreign General Total Total Fiscal Year Nationals Total US Wage Board Nationals Schedule Direct Hires Civilian Pay (Direct Hire) (Indirect Hire) 11,254,326 53,465,045 2005 ... 65,173,877 1,349,875 64,719,371 454,507 66,523,752 68,966,967 1,383,415 562,382 67,021,170 10,708,057 56,313,113 2006 ... 67,583,552 1,417,956 68,574,222 55,495,927 11,172,705 66,668,632 2007 ... 67,156,266 487,634 68,478,614 1,363,893 69,842,507 532,621 67,945,994 11,636,023 56,309,971 2008 ... 71,503,178 1,341,192 72,844,370 59,888,804 11,065,655 2009 ... 548,719 70,954,458 530,865 1,360,531 72,845,244 2010 ... 59,663,621 11,290,227 70,953,848 71,484,713 80,488,495 82,217,435 1,103,717 2011 ... 1,728,940 67,078,773 12,306,005 79,384,778 81,786,452 1,296,443 83,082,895 2012 ... 70,081,063 11,205,132 81,286,195 500,257 80,413,118 1,342,145 81,755,263 512,785 79,900,333 10,350,589 2013 ... 69,549,744 546,549 79,986,148 1,202,139 81,188,287 2014 ... 69,056,676 10,382,923 79,439,599 823,744 80,042,939 81,781,077 9,476,080 70,566,859 2015 ... 80,866,683 914,394 82,412,489 81,811,847 10,922,240 70,889,607 2016 ... 805,541 600,642 83,218,030 82,195,185 82,916,807 591,003 81,604,182 11,099,158 70,505,024 2017 ... 721,622 2018 ... 1,029,587 84,709,762 72,104,320 10,953,789 83,058,109 622,066 83,680,175 610,089 83,932,232 1,101,320 85,033,552 83,322,143 10,971,281 72,350,862 2019 ... 679,427 83,934,942 1,017,946 84,952,888 2020 ... 72,295,373 10,960,142 83,255,515 679,454 72,340,761 85,011,427 10,966,972 83,307,733 2021 ... 83,987,187 1,024,240 679,448 1,024,231 85,009,452 83,305,773 10,966,649 72,339,124 2022 ... 83,985,221 679,417 83,982,032 1,024,184 85,006,216 2023 ... 72,335,581 10,967,034 83,302,615 NOTE: For details on the composition of civilian pay, please see the "Notes" section at the end of this book. Chapter 6 Table 6-15 180

188 Table 6-16: ARMY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,984 5,352 4,696 4,455 3,933 3,952 3,895 1,688 Military Personnel ... 4,256 1,900 4,993 5,525 6,697 3,015 3,031 3,245 3,319 3,328 4,758 Operation and Maintenance ... 1,232 1,619 1,671 8,992 2,334 910 2,036 1,723 1,589 Procurement ... 59 324 400 7,075 1,345 288 525 592 704 714 735 456 117 104 96 RDT&E ... 801 309 548 Military Construction ... 367 603 500 398 396 87 87 116 507 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... Total Current Dollars ... 17,453 21,685 10,813 9,901 9,919 9,757 9,892 13,475 3,162 4,034 4,288 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 92,808 92,308 83,482 76,860 65,495 66,123 Military Personnel ... 36,375 41,074 39,102 75,271 62,069 58,453 55,697 41,557 37,010 35,506 35,984 74,065 24,513 26,898 24,284 Operation and Maintenance ... 35,325 56,371 74,944 20,856 8,557 16,059 13,094 11,335 9,474 Procurement ... 589 2,838 3,560 3,247 4,730 6,410 6,136 5,988 6,486 RDT&E ... 1,222 1,230 1,297 5,371 5,703 4,275 3,766 4,632 4,606 3,009 2,985 Military Construction ... 787 2,976 767 993 2,638 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Constant Dollars 178,506 142,275 140,972 123,997 122,439 116,340 63,258 72,808 69,466 195,980 251,152 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.5 -7.9 -14.8 1.0 -6.1 -9.6 92.5 -4.8 12.9 Military Personnel ... 23.3 -24.8 -25.4 -10.9 -4.1 1.3 -1.8 Operation and Maintenance ... 10.8 -8.9 138.5 26.7 -72.2 32.9 -18.5 -13.4 -16.4 1,483.5 25.4 381.9 Procurement ... -59.0 87.7 150.4 13.6 -4.3 -2.4 8.3 45.7 12.4 5.5 0.6 RDT&E ... 6.2 -7.2 -30.4 55.7 -18.7 -20.1 -0.8 Military Construction ... -2.5 29.4 165.7 74.6 Total Real Growth ... -4.6 -0.9 -12.0 -1.3 -5.0 28.2 182.1 -28.9 15.1 -20.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-16 181

189 Table 6-16: ARMY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 3,979 4,616 4,750 5,670 7,353 8,391 8,998 3,924 4,458 Military Personnel ... 3,922 4,343 3,875 3,537 5,098 7,520 8,372 8,249 3,737 3,554 Operation and Maintenance ... 3,234 3,221 3,382 2,503 2,480 1,955 5,123 5,411 6,182 Procurement ... 1,097 1,388 1,755 2,578 6,333 1,374 1,408 1,409 1,507 1,580 1,506 1,260 1,215 1,072 1,022 RDT&E ... 1,666 181 183 217 368 1,113 505 512 523 Military Construction ... 279 265 197 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Current Dollars 11,826 12,467 18,510 22,369 24,962 25,769 10,528 9,867 9,555 12,275 12,219 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 58,445 62,384 67,493 82,156 88,711 90,125 65,960 58,388 58,944 Military Personnel ... 63,312 62,771 Operation and Maintenance ... 31,653 31,519 39,854 54,025 58,266 55,218 33,632 32,392 32,263 35,675 32,511 17,507 16,653 12,983 32,673 33,481 36,999 16,951 11,897 9,563 7,575 Procurement ... 36,770 9,962 9,121 9,986 9,731 10,068 10,216 9,436 10,052 RDT&E ... 7,924 8,018 8,953 1,347 1,353 6,822 3,056 2,954 2,866 Military Construction ... 1,565 2,136 1,987 1,470 2,454 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Constant Dollars 196,366 156,909 182,933 110,348 195,031 110,211 130,451 123,248 122,629 119,071 113,028 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.9 0.1 8.2 21.7 8.0 1.6 Military Personnel ... -5.0 -0.9 12.9 -4.0 -0.6 10.6 -8.9 26.4 35.6 7.8 -5.2 -0.4 -0.4 -3.7 -4.8 Operation and Maintenance ... -2.6 -3.2 -1.8 -22.0 151.7 2.5 10.5 -0.6 Procurement ... -20.1 26.2 24.4 47.2 -8.4 3.5 1.5 -7.6 6.5 22.2 1.2 11.7 11.3 RDT&E ... 9.5 -2.6 15.7 56.7 178.0 -55.2 -3.3 -3.0 Military Construction ... 0.4 -8.3 -26.0 -7.0 -28.4 Total Real Growth ... -0.5 -2.9 31.8 16.6 7.3 -0.7 -5.3 0.1 2.4 15.4 -5.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-16 182

190 Table 6-16: ARMY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 9,046 9,221 9,607 9,973 10,477 11,036 12,095 8,680 9,616 Military Personnel ... 9,499 8,815 7,433 7,364 9,157 9,883 10,752 12,303 8,271 7,339 Operation and Maintenance ... 7,817 7,119 7,309 2,640 2,565 3,058 4,427 5,325 6,099 Procurement ... 4,510 3,412 3,398 2,816 6,548 1,885 1,766 1,970 2,291 2,447 2,635 1,947 1,792 1,656 1,619 RDT&E ... 2,844 666 782 754 833 754 718 900 781 Military Construction ... 402 593 550 Family Housing ... 100 74 Revolving and Management Funds ... 20 100 ... Total Current Dollars 22,094 23,759 26,703 28,950 31,497 34,572 23,963 21,644 21,480 22,280 21,548 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 66,945 52,931 52,239 51,366 51,175 51,832 53,970 79,474 86,020 Military Personnel ... 58,078 55,423 36,155 33,538 34,619 35,538 35,297 36,117 37,057 49,485 42,891 41,874 Operation and Maintenance ... 39,883 12,981 9,727 10,645 14,833 16,231 16,733 11,160 16,938 18,184 25,162 Procurement ... 16,425 9,073 8,471 7,200 7,138 7,824 7,712 7,532 7,493 RDT&E ... 9,318 8,998 9,203 2,682 2,787 2,318 2,059 2,398 1,996 Military Construction ... 2,157 2,453 2,848 2,451 2,598 Family Housing ... 217 321 343 74 Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Constant Dollars 108,005 112,986 114,172 114,803 172,142 152,395 137,411 122,697 113,995 106,887 113,096 Percent Real Growth (%) -2.6 -4.6 -1.3 -1.7 -0.4 1.3 Military Personnel ... -7.6 -15.8 -13.2 -4.6 -1.9 -4.8 -9.3 2.7 -0.7 2.3 2.6 3.2 -2.4 -13.3 -10.4 Operation and Maintenance ... -7.2 -14.0 -12.8 9.4 39.4 9.4 3.1 -1.8 Procurement ... -31.6 -27.7 -6.9 -23.4 -6.6 9.6 -1.4 -2.3 -0.5 -7.3 -3.4 2.3 -1.4 RDT&E ... -15.0 -0.9 -12.0 5.9 -10.8 -11.1 16.4 -16.8 Military Construction ... 3.9 9.4 -13.9 32.0 -24.7 Total Real Growth ... -6.2 1.0 4.7 -0.1 1.0 0.6 -11.7 -11.5 -9.8 -10.7 -7.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-16 183

191 Table 6-16: ARMY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 17,515 27,665 28,501 29,348 29,957 30,124 32,980 14,157 Military Personnel ... 18,517 16,602 26,298 19,208 20,825 24,205 25,677 27,306 39,482 23,551 Operation and Maintenance ... 14,419 16,769 18,042 21,312 18,022 16,978 15,420 15,049 14,661 14,022 11,313 Procurement ... 10,462 13,856 15,682 16,731 4,192 4,257 4,693 4,670 5,129 5,307 5,551 RDT&E ... 3,124 3,620 3,891 4,537 1,266 1,256 1,505 1,514 1,453 1,127 1,576 973 1,075 980 Military Construction ... 1,675 1,328 1,580 1,565 1,571 1,499 Family Housing ... 1,034 1,223 1,317 1,531 221 366 374 110 193 292 668 Revolving and Management Funds ... 34 176 389 Total Current Dollars ... 92,790 75,360 76,544 78,740 79,385 72,760 52,099 57,359 73,770 43,177 61,516 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 69,689 70,503 71,202 70,540 69,758 69,159 71,326 Military Personnel ... 53,119 53,985 54,134 54,711 48,501 46,220 51,074 50,301 50,638 51,490 69,009 Operation and Maintenance ... 39,367 43,549 44,811 48,407 18,184 33,860 28,377 26,656 25,014 23,141 32,348 32,794 30,257 24,201 Procurement ... 35,414 9,074 9,012 9,475 9,461 9,042 9,467 9,430 9,538 RDT&E ... 7,624 8,416 8,722 2,774 3,502 2,816 2,616 1,978 2,142 Military Construction ... 2,337 2,516 2,273 3,219 2,961 Family Housing ... 2,877 2,518 2,999 2,784 2,567 2,620 2,668 2,557 2,220 727 Revolving and Management Funds ... 355 515 1,086 82 394 475 804 733 209 ... Total Constant Dollars 167,298 166,283 162,586 160,793 157,765 173,802 126,729 139,117 145,429 150,001 169,519 Percent Real Growth (%) 27.4 1.0 -0.9 -1.1 -0.9 3.1 1.2 0.3 1.6 2.5 Military Personnel ... 1.1 4.9 -0.2 5.5 -1.5 0.7 1.7 34.0 Operation and Maintenance ... 6.2 10.6 2.9 3.1 4.6 3.3 -6.1 -6.2 -7.5 -21.4 8.4 25.0 47.3 Procurement ... -8.7 -12.3 4.0 -0.7 -4.4 4.7 -0.4 1.1 -0.1 3.6 10.4 1.7 RDT&E ... 5.1 26.2 -8.1 -8.0 -4.9 -7.1 -24.4 8.3 Military Construction ... 17.1 7.6 -9.6 22.0 Total Real Growth ... 4.5 -0.6 -2.2 -1.1 -1.9 10.2 3.1 13.0 9.8 10.4 -1.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-16 184

192 Table 6-16: ARMY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 26,945 26,196 26,093 26,653 27,729 29,263 32,365 31,629 Military Personnel ... 26,627 28,532 25,811 23,212 23,807 25,216 26,970 27,781 31,182 22,923 Operation and Maintenance ... 25,263 22,582 21,246 22,964 8,242 8,788 7,342 9,507 10,479 11,883 11,597 Procurement ... 8,990 7,872 7,267 7,259 5,403 4,757 5,023 5,031 5,314 6,263 7,018 RDT&E ... 6,407 6,051 5,377 4,916 2,510 797 1,335 1,691 1,561 1,637 1,185 1,323 690 1,236 Military Construction ... 2,044 1,230 1,458 1,330 Family Housing ... 1,232 1,150 1,208 1,259 1,559 1,522 1,302 1,285 167 Revolving and Management Funds ... 62 12 ... Total Current Dollars 63,460 64,001 69,331 73,264 78,047 86,099 75,083 67,249 64,529 65,380 66,120 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 53,524 45,917 45,488 45,145 46,069 48,185 48,112 58,048 67,189 Military Personnel ... 51,563 48,898 38,593 36,514 35,505 37,683 39,469 39,511 43,453 45,234 39,264 36,357 Operation and Maintenance ... 38,619 10,817 12,790 10,563 13,486 14,652 16,398 12,120 11,009 12,145 14,140 Procurement ... 15,744 8,526 7,396 7,514 7,495 7,377 7,591 8,758 9,601 RDT&E ... 10,619 9,808 8,676 1,275 3,093 2,444 2,218 2,286 3,409 Military Construction ... 2,042 1,150 2,103 1,787 1,982 1,944 1,616 1,758 2,166 1,670 1,712 Family Housing ... 2,505 2,398 1,857 2,006 1,872 16 86 Revolving and Management Funds ... 226 ... Total Constant Dollars 108,661 103,318 108,236 110,778 114,708 122,331 141,728 122,813 113,675 112,673 112,265 Percent Real Growth (%) -5.2 -4.6 -0.9 -0.8 2.0 4.6 -1.6 -7.8 -13.6 -5.8 Military Personnel ... -3.7 -0.1 -5.4 -2.8 6.1 4.7 0.1 10.0 Operation and Maintenance ... -34.5 -13.2 -7.4 6.2 12.0 -1.7 27.7 8.7 11.9 -4.0 -9.4 -14.1 -22.2 Procurement ... 5.5 -17.4 -1.7 -13.2 -1.6 2.9 15.4 9.6 -0.3 -11.5 -7.6 11.3 RDT&E ... 1.6 142.6 -42.2 10.9 23.3 -9.2 3.0 49.2 Military Construction ... -4.7 -43.7 82.8 -39.4 Total Real Growth ... -7.4 -4.9 4.8 2.3 3.5 6.6 -0.9 -0.4 -13.3 -18.5 -3.2 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-16 185

193 Table 6-16: ARMY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 51,909 61,851 66,792 70,612 70,116 68,512 64,870 44,203 Military Personnel ... 54,950 48,970 57,184 75,726 94,202 110,647 114,927 98,362 80,143 100,951 Operation and Maintenance ... 51,000 62,365 73,702 98,171 48,761 66,976 43,577 39,780 36,147 25,591 19,850 Procurement ... 15,803 16,194 26,014 28,195 11,683 11,354 12,154 11,711 9,760 8,705 8,011 RDT&E ... 7,595 10,202 10,576 12,554 3,067 4,195 12,026 9,853 7,254 4,647 10,193 3,564 2,119 2,057 Military Construction ... 7,820 1,245 1,316 1,150 1,357 712 627 Family Housing ... 491 1,362 1,480 1,578 667 460 1,324 545 50 55 155 103 Revolving and Management Funds ... 249 219 628 Total Current Dollars ... 176,535 237,402 243,365 238,887 206,640 221,264 141,551 167,343 252,220 122,268 176,455 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 73,076 76,602 80,059 82,434 80,529 77,324 71,897 Military Personnel ... 63,776 68,606 70,345 72,192 112,960 92,818 116,835 125,766 128,452 108,086 86,891 Operation and Maintenance ... 69,093 81,806 93,081 115,270 21,880 34,663 51,072 45,850 40,984 28,590 79,585 32,745 20,942 20,981 Procurement ... 58,795 14,330 13,627 14,751 14,024 13,400 10,897 9,602 8,741 RDT&E ... 10,160 13,259 13,329 5,157 9,451 11,392 8,217 5,183 3,374 Military Construction ... 2,725 2,730 4,479 12,125 14,078 1,584 1,362 707 743 538 1,590 816 1,533 1,989 1,922 1,817 Family Housing ... 633 56 62 170 112 333 287 568 756 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,559 Total Constant Dollars ... 168,885 301,255 269,848 229,698 193,433 279,714 189,552 215,967 221,261 270,256 278,285 Percent Real Growth (%) 2.6 1.2 3.0 -2.3 -4.0 -7.0 4.5 2.5 7.6 32.4 Military Personnel ... 4.8 21.7 2.0 1.4 7.6 2.1 -15.9 -19.6 Operation and Maintenance ... 59.0 18.4 13.8 -0.3 69.6 5.9 -10.2 -10.6 -30.2 -23.5 56.4 -0.2 33.3 Procurement ... 35.4 -35.8 7.5 -4.9 -4.5 -18.7 -11.9 -9.0 -4.9 0.5 30.5 5.8 RDT&E ... 8.2 83.3 28.3 16.1 -19.1 -27.9 -36.9 -34.9 Military Construction ... -20.1 0.2 64.1 15.1 Total Real Growth ... 13.9 -7.6 0.5 -3.5 -14.9 -15.8 2.5 22.1 12.2 38.1 11.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-16 186

194 Table 6-16: ARMY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 57,856 63,746 62,776 65,094 66,762 68,248 61,970 Military Personnel ... 57,612 59,245 57,967 Operation and Maintenance ... 67,850 54,672 56,164 57,979 68,716 52,904 72,529 65,937 63,886 77,492 22,148 27,820 21,767 23,247 23,442 24,386 Procurement ... 17,643 16,807 19,606 21,928 8,853 8,637 9,391 8,878 8,773 8,476 RDT&E ... 7,124 6,744 7,862 10,484 1,407 1,168 1,485 1,406 1,320 1,352 1,581 1,486 2,250 Military Construction ... 1,029 480 480 707 491 470 433 Family Housing ... 502 417 470 443 209 244 165 101 128 110 103 Revolving and Management Funds ... 229 251 262 Total Current Dollars ... 150,887 148,916 153,896 157,003 160,986 158,354 151,296 181,996 162,246 159,018 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 59,385 63,746 61,416 62,331 62,565 62,593 Military Personnel ... 67,756 64,051 61,702 60,305 68,851 71,070 51,981 52,657 53,016 53,637 Operation and Maintenance ... 77,671 69,863 67,266 77,492 20,696 22,758 21,343 22,347 22,093 22,531 27,820 18,031 19,199 Procurement ... 22,576 9,144 8,768 10,484 9,220 8,544 8,275 7,836 RDT&E ... 7,682 7,182 8,260 1,211 1,043 1,354 1,245 1,250 Military Construction ... 2,438 1,584 1,483 1,581 1,459 497 707 409 409 488 482 452 496 445 543 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 99 123 104 95 246 268 219 271 248 165 Total Constant Dollars ... 175,535 181,996 147,707 148,352 147,808 161,425 160,123 165,254 161,358 146,000 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.7 -1.5 1.5 0.4 0.0 -2.3 -3.7 -5.5 -5.8 Military Personnel ... 7.3 -3.1 12.6 -32.9 1.3 0.7 1.2 Operation and Maintenance ... -10.6 -10.1 -3.7 5.7 -0.8 10.0 4.7 -1.1 2.0 14.8 -6.1 -12.3 Procurement ... 23.2 -23.3 15.0 -4.1 -7.3 -3.1 -5.3 10.7 -12.1 -6.5 -12.1 RDT&E ... 19.6 -13.9 51.6 -7.7 -7.2 -8.0 0.4 Military Construction ... -27.8 -35.0 -6.4 -18.4 Total Real Growth ... -0.8 -19.8 1.2 -0.1 0.4 3.2 12.8 -2.4 -8.0 -9.3 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-16 187

195 Table 6-17: NAVY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,623 3,413 3,199 3,080 3,164 3,194 3,186 1,509 Military Personnel ... 2,319 1,478 3,152 2,938 3,409 2,332 2,341 2,431 2,592 2,356 2,797 Operation and Maintenance ... 1,414 1,585 1,415 7,578 4,628 1,764 3,726 3,960 3,973 Procurement ... 1,285 1,382 1,160 6,137 4,577 432 493 548 617 716 778 543 234 181 168 RDT&E ... 878 387 464 Military Construction ... 213 237 433 427 318 93 100 85 430 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... Total Current Dollars ... 12,212 15,147 9,993 10,615 10,805 11,550 8,080 11,762 4,469 4,726 4,517 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 58,551 59,469 56,731 52,870 51,808 52,933 Military Personnel ... 32,031 31,439 31,760 42,412 50,053 37,954 38,816 33,492 31,875 30,625 30,434 42,648 21,779 24,761 23,759 Operation and Maintenance ... 30,195 55,977 77,181 44,548 19,863 35,962 38,437 37,615 43,762 Procurement ... 14,303 14,724 12,067 4,425 5,438 5,748 6,188 6,436 7,047 RDT&E ... 2,014 1,559 2,476 5,061 5,408 3,520 3,181 1,831 3,884 3,109 2,326 Military Construction ... 839 1,718 880 736 3,319 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Constant Dollars 151,414 117,211 128,285 130,239 130,527 133,382 72,944 73,363 68,818 144,087 187,701 Percent Real Growth (%) 1.6 -6.8 -2.0 2.2 -5.4 -4.6 33.5 1.0 -1.8 Military Personnel ... 38.1 -9.0 -13.7 -4.8 -3.9 -0.6 -0.8 Operation and Maintenance ... 4.2 -12.0 74.3 12.4 -42.3 37.9 6.9 -2.1 16.3 363.9 -18.1 2.9 Procurement ... -55.4 81.1 78.7 -6.9 7.6 4.0 9.5 22.9 6.3 58.8 -22.6 RDT&E ... 6.9 -9.4 -51.2 6.6 73.8 -2.3 -25.2 Military Construction ... 5.0 -16.3 350.7 17.0 Total Real Growth ... -6.2 9.4 1.5 0.2 2.2 30.3 109.4 -19.3 0.6 -22.6 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-17 188

196 Table 6-17: NAVY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 3,287 3,826 4,017 4,710 5,324 5,745 6,147 3,291 3,431 Military Personnel ... 3,255 3,497 3,009 2,988 4,268 5,045 5,402 5,819 3,427 3,080 Operation and Maintenance ... 2,680 2,751 2,750 6,454 5,793 5,747 7,985 8,605 7,225 Procurement ... 4,404 3,985 5,241 6,687 7,096 1,306 1,548 1,389 1,565 1,921 1,878 1,484 1,371 1,495 1,419 RDT&E ... 2,178 158 235 202 275 656 295 530 312 Military Construction ... 354 241 172 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Current Dollars 14,657 14,592 19,185 21,190 20,781 21,552 12,820 11,727 12,148 14,450 14,856 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 47,414 51,855 55,378 59,592 61,277 61,904 50,045 47,445 48,679 Military Personnel ... 50,308 51,136 Operation and Maintenance ... 28,795 30,103 35,248 40,015 41,807 42,429 29,568 29,067 27,551 29,770 28,430 59,131 47,933 45,560 57,546 59,726 46,530 56,167 49,232 37,494 42,878 Procurement ... 43,639 9,802 10,914 11,260 9,945 10,773 12,628 12,076 13,381 RDT&E ... 10,734 11,181 10,237 1,136 1,632 4,011 1,795 3,044 1,760 Military Construction ... 1,372 2,578 1,769 1,258 1,788 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Constant Dollars 164,734 162,957 173,755 126,955 163,113 134,437 149,884 147,451 140,496 139,251 135,693 Percent Real Growth (%) 1.6 -0.1 6.8 7.6 2.8 1.0 Military Personnel ... -2.7 -2.5 5.5 0.5 1.4 8.1 -4.5 17.1 13.5 4.5 1.5 4.5 -5.2 -1.7 -2.1 Operation and Maintenance ... 1.3 -5.0 -14.7 -5.0 26.3 3.8 -22.1 -6.2 Procurement ... -2.0 -12.6 31.3 20.1 11.4 8.3 17.2 -4.4 10.8 52.3 4.2 -8.4 -4.3 RDT&E ... 3.2 -11.7 -15.9 30.3 124.4 -55.3 69.6 -42.2 Military Construction ... 43.6 -9.7 -28.9 -31.4 10.9 Total Real Growth ... -4.7 -0.9 17.0 6.6 -5.2 -1.0 0.8 -5.6 6.9 10.5 -1.6 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-17 189

197 Table 6-17: NAVY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 6,803 7,833 8,039 8,278 8,744 9,192 9,948 6,672 7,340 Military Personnel ... 6,383 7,502 5,939 7,205 10,577 12,019 13,039 16,319 9,236 8,057 Operation and Maintenance ... 5,629 5,350 5,636 8,830 8,409 10,077 13,049 14,098 14,215 Procurement ... 7,572 7,434 8,795 8,956 15,550 2,542 3,052 3,314 3,797 4,054 4,456 2,704 2,411 2,199 2,267 RDT&E ... 4,563 548 692 611 681 613 558 792 603 Military Construction ... 322 326 395 Family Housing ... 38 Revolving and Management Funds ... 12 32 ... Total Current Dollars 24,041 31,360 36,353 39,504 41,694 46,984 22,462 27,962 25,324 21,691 26,934 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 49,738 43,582 42,465 41,922 41,454 41,670 44,869 53,298 59,572 Military Personnel ... 48,264 46,167 37,246 38,696 39,800 42,210 43,796 45,208 47,963 38,696 34,692 35,242 Operation and Maintenance ... 34,689 42,382 32,087 34,547 43,319 42,834 39,026 37,757 45,226 41,046 45,221 Procurement ... 38,758 12,216 11,771 11,998 11,829 12,880 12,638 12,143 11,354 RDT&E ... 13,079 12,067 12,472 2,152 2,447 1,811 1,535 1,997 1,461 Military Construction ... 1,687 1,987 1,572 1,742 2,047 Family Housing ... 102 131 45 Revolving and Management Funds ... Total Constant Dollars ... 131,849 142,827 139,827 141,206 158,254 142,675 144,420 139,703 135,388 129,637 142,815 Percent Real Growth (%) -2.8 -3.8 -2.6 -1.3 -1.1 0.5 Military Personnel ... -10.5 -6.7 -3.0 -4.3 -2.9 -1.6 7.4 6.1 3.8 3.2 6.1 2.9 1.6 -10.3 -8.8 Operation and Maintenance ... 3.9 -10.9 -15.0 7.7 25.4 -1.1 -8.9 -0.7 Procurement ... 3.6 -9.2 10.2 -6.3 -3.6 8.9 -1.9 -3.9 -6.5 -2.3 -7.7 3.4 -2.1 RDT&E ... 1.9 -1.4 -18.8 3.0 -11.5 -15.3 30.1 -26.8 Military Construction ... 13.7 23.5 10.8 -6.8 -4.2 Total Real Growth ... -4.2 1.7 8.3 0.0 -2.1 1.0 -3.0 -9.8 1.2 -3.3 -3.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-17 190

198 Table 6-17: NAVY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 15,013 23,590 24,780 25,603 26,637 26,967 28,277 12,013 Military Personnel ... 15,869 13,955 22,366 24,231 27,456 27,758 28,011 27,731 32,489 26,161 Operation and Maintenance ... 19,453 21,364 23,028 25,634 31,537 31,609 32,436 36,960 31,681 33,191 30,438 Procurement ... 19,731 25,382 32,627 30,323 7,626 9,024 9,281 9,462 9,264 8,710 7,967 RDT&E ... 5,022 5,827 6,099 9,494 1,222 1,253 1,425 1,483 1,616 1,211 1,661 1,100 1,483 826 Military Construction ... 1,589 628 696 769 802 762 845 Family Housing ... 717 597 645 654 Revolving and Management Funds ... 643 353 329 185 26 239 4 23 366 508 Total Current Dollars ... 101,477 95,132 102,364 98,195 98,597 93,124 68,034 78,951 93,259 57,050 80,553 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 59,598 60,751 61,866 61,457 61,890 61,601 61,594 Military Personnel ... 43,535 44,481 45,943 46,366 63,912 58,304 58,984 60,259 58,463 56,223 60,140 Operation and Maintenance ... 51,407 53,777 56,380 59,725 48,959 61,098 59,416 65,145 53,975 54,795 59,940 67,971 55,378 45,641 Procurement ... 61,649 15,623 17,935 18,348 17,395 17,086 16,083 14,554 12,900 RDT&E ... 11,599 12,824 12,935 2,578 3,149 2,662 2,801 2,058 2,025 Military Construction ... 1,888 3,225 2,341 3,192 2,649 1,213 1,390 1,372 1,303 1,397 1,286 1,282 1,225 1,518 Family Housing ... 1,251 Revolving and Management Funds ... 606 326 43 388 11 51 786 1,352 1,017 670 Total Constant Dollars ... 154,080 204,422 194,936 190,559 187,379 208,604 169,736 187,874 186,547 208,541 202,282 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.9 28.5 -0.7 0.7 -0.5 0.0 1.8 3.3 2.2 4.5 Military Personnel ... 1.9 9.6 -6.6 -1.2 2.2 -3.0 -3.8 7.0 Operation and Maintenance ... 7.2 4.6 4.8 3.4 0.9 -10.1 9.6 -17.1 1.5 -10.7 22.7 21.3 17.8 Procurement ... -2.8 -0.9 20.8 14.8 -1.8 -5.9 -9.5 -11.4 -5.2 0.9 10.6 2.2 RDT&E ... 2.3 22.2 1.4 -17.0 0.5 5.2 -26.5 -1.6 Military Construction ... 29.2 70.8 -27.4 10.1 Total Real Growth ... 10.7 -1.0 3.1 -6.6 -2.2 -1.7 -0.7 11.8 10.2 9.1 -2.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-17 191

199 Table 6-17: NAVY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 26,214 24,820 24,494 24,712 25,609 26,966 30,012 28,120 Military Personnel ... 25,253 27,250 24,612 25,221 25,135 27,030 27,356 29,596 32,478 25,891 Operation and Maintenance ... 26,406 24,161 23,606 24,410 15,683 17,192 19,508 20,646 23,526 26,607 24,517 Procurement ... 24,992 20,891 15,830 17,203 8,590 8,472 7,888 8,942 9,065 9,596 11,379 RDT&E ... 8,576 8,830 8,170 7,882 1,438 415 1,705 1,192 1,019 1,400 1,964 1,477 355 846 Military Construction ... 3,065 1,204 1,569 1,511 1,378 1,195 1,220 Family Housing ... 1,165 988 1,045 1,143 1,309 699 1,392 1,094 682 713 642 789 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,464 1,541 1,024 Total Current Dollars ... 101,778 81,958 84,398 88,509 96,117 79,560 84,995 77,981 79,171 89,927 78,585 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 46,590 45,532 42,968 42,030 41,597 42,351 44,621 Military Personnel ... 59,649 55,389 51,927 48,828 41,747 42,781 40,782 42,347 41,943 43,233 46,570 Operation and Maintenance ... 49,448 44,441 41,028 39,733 33,202 25,722 28,140 29,332 32,918 36,680 25,080 24,033 32,279 39,346 Procurement ... 23,148 12,979 12,567 11,548 11,427 12,858 12,760 13,287 15,506 RDT&E ... 13,547 14,098 12,599 665 4,543 1,723 1,453 1,944 1,951 Military Construction ... 1,385 598 2,286 2,901 2,491 1,989 2,201 1,717 1,808 1,591 2,313 1,702 1,805 1,743 1,625 1,569 Family Housing ... 1,571 967 997 882 1,069 3,804 2,337 1,043 1,506 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,022 Total Constant Dollars ... 164,945 129,018 133,385 140,184 144,511 130,959 152,233 135,954 133,822 132,414 129,367 Percent Real Growth (%) -6.0 -4.6 -2.2 -1.0 1.8 5.4 -5.6 -6.2 -7.1 -3.2 Military Personnel ... -2.3 -2.4 -4.8 2.6 3.8 -1.0 3.1 7.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -17.8 -10.1 -7.7 4.3 -10.0 7.0 4.2 12.2 11.4 -9.5 -25.5 -18.0 -19.6 Procurement ... 8.3 12.2 3.0 -3.2 12.5 -0.8 4.1 16.7 -1.1 -10.6 4.1 5.0 RDT&E ... -8.1 582.9 -36.1 -14.2 -30.8 -15.6 33.7 0.4 Military Construction ... -31.6 -56.8 282.4 -70.9 Total Real Growth ... -10.7 0.3 1.2 1.9 5.1 3.1 -1.6 -1.1 -7.7 -12.0 -2.6 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-17 192

200 Table 6-17: NAVY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 38,811 42,745 44,956 46,869 47,463 47,554 45,867 36,183 Military Personnel ... 40,260 36,734 40,842 44,312 46,640 55,179 58,776 58,401 55,608 52,075 Operation and Maintenance ... 42,624 36,641 41,695 50,824 40,204 47,131 42,309 48,220 47,011 46,455 43,028 Procurement ... 27,451 29,896 32,492 36,869 18,970 19,724 19,809 19,948 17,866 17,723 15,553 RDT&E ... 13,700 14,773 17,077 18,487 1,901 1,892 4,843 4,496 3,894 2,615 3,409 1,365 1,423 1,876 Military Construction ... 2,298 873 635 687 769 525 568 490 Family Housing ... 1,161 1,014 718 473 1,402 491 1,610 2,005 1,888 1,237 1,472 707 Revolving and Management Funds ... 892 1,127 1,420 Total Current Dollars ... 163,140 166,765 177,126 176,814 174,710 150,834 121,608 133,560 164,893 123,887 144,596 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 52,264 52,903 53,889 54,725 54,490 53,631 50,792 Military Personnel ... 52,317 51,523 52,716 52,910 55,842 54,294 60,100 61,985 64,269 62,675 59,188 Operation and Maintenance ... 59,925 50,050 53,045 58,637 47,545 45,389 49,660 55,690 53,440 52,038 56,103 40,910 38,595 36,358 Procurement ... 48,566 23,313 23,695 21,673 22,886 22,635 19,928 19,501 16,974 RDT&E ... 18,287 19,215 21,578 2,327 2,778 5,209 4,445 2,942 2,110 Military Construction ... 2,483 1,831 1,713 4,058 5,669 897 814 642 545 519 764 602 1,075 908 1,334 1,565 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,347 2,160 1,404 1,645 779 1,184 1,461 1,772 1,750 592 1,909 Total Constant Dollars ... 172,119 196,097 198,618 192,976 177,908 203,005 164,009 172,643 181,058 184,501 195,447 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.4 -1.2 1.6 -0.4 -1.6 -5.3 1.9 2.3 -1.5 17.2 Military Personnel ... 1.2 2.9 5.0 2.5 3.1 3.7 -2.5 -5.6 Operation and Maintenance ... 28.7 -16.5 6.0 2.4 7.0 10.9 12.1 -4.0 -2.6 -8.6 6.0 6.2 9.5 Procurement ... 15.5 -11.5 8.0 1.6 -1.1 -12.0 -2.1 -13.0 5.6 12.3 5.1 17.9 RDT&E ... -8.5 19.4 46.1 39.7 -8.1 -14.7 -33.8 -28.3 Military Construction ... 27.2 -26.2 -6.4 35.8 Total Real Growth ... 5.3 -0.3 3.9 -2.2 -2.8 -7.8 4.9 1.9 -4.7 19.1 6.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-17 193

201 Table 6-17: NAVY TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 45,878 50,182 51,510 53,134 54,708 56,303 45,759 Military Personnel ... 46,156 45,614 46,229 Operation and Maintenance ... 57,570 59,032 61,788 62,194 56,839 58,299 58,263 54,172 55,286 63,372 49,673 58,681 58,504 63,219 65,972 68,440 Procurement ... 42,408 42,426 47,990 50,539 17,852 17,479 17,581 16,067 14,404 14,326 RDT&E ... 14,946 16,067 18,333 18,649 1,934 1,690 2,570 2,628 2,370 2,964 2,965 1,364 1,830 Military Construction ... 1,649 401 392 419 Family Housing ... 445 528 522 430 361 366 429 538 Revolving and Management Funds ... 761 508 581 ... Total Current Dollars 170,325 188,893 194,525 199,770 204,750 164,397 194,269 174,058 160,512 172,992 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 48,891 50,403 50,892 51,289 51,665 50,182 49,268 49,985 Military Personnel ... 48,274 47,347 58,333 63,372 57,340 56,941 58,411 57,616 61,547 56,504 58,425 Operation and Maintenance ... 58,892 52,465 58,681 57,363 60,771 62,174 50,635 50,696 45,564 46,225 Procurement ... 63,235 18,436 17,726 18,649 17,268 15,469 13,592 13,249 RDT&E ... 16,126 17,132 19,270 1,755 1,682 2,526 2,234 2,739 Military Construction ... 2,002 1,468 2,047 2,965 2,520 419 482 428 498 399 Family Housing ... 465 385 385 421 415 567 544 827 Revolving and Management Funds ... 602 ... Total Constant Dollars 194,269 185,314 187,027 188,197 188,986 177,178 170,866 180,282 180,840 176,122 Percent Real Growth (%) -1.9 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.7 Military Personnel ... -1.6 -1.4 -0.8 -1.3 6.0 3.4 8.6 -0.7 2.6 -1.4 0.8 -9.5 -8.2 4.0 Operation and Maintenance ... -0.9 -3.5 15.9 -2.2 5.9 2.3 1.7 Procurement ... -2.8 -1.4 11.3 3.5 -3.9 6.2 -10.4 -12.1 -2.5 12.5 -4.3 -5.0 RDT&E ... 5.2 -7.4 -14.2 76.3 0.3 -11.6 22.6 Military Construction ... -4.2 39.4 -26.7 -5.1 -15.0 ... Total Real Growth 10.3 -4.6 0.9 0.6 0.4 -0.4 -3.6 5.5 0.3 -2.6 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-17 194

202 Table 6-18: AIR FORCE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,335 3,416 3,295 3,505 3,791 3,799 3,906 1,035 Military Personnel ... 1,947 1,223 2,996 3,131 3,515 3,012 3,778 3,906 4,170 2,953 3,289 Operation and Maintenance ... 1,235 1,225 1,107 11,603 9,519 3,795 3,155 6,160 6,659 Procurement ... 1,651 1,545 2,616 8,625 7,707 463 1,094 1,102 1,300 2,109 2,868 797 202 199 141 RDT&E ... 2,464 936 1,075 Military Construction ... 884 1,498 1,158 1,217 911 35 52 64 1,332 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... Total Current Dollars ... 15,102 19,986 12,469 16,997 18,449 19,158 12,029 18,650 4,097 4,244 5,323 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 56,384 60,150 58,774 60,774 62,365 62,919 Military Personnel ... 22,489 26,537 26,395 36,428 61,124 39,751 42,328 38,331 37,504 43,291 43,591 45,822 16,967 17,849 18,024 Operation and Maintenance ... 44,559 81,884 110,529 88,526 33,466 26,567 50,744 53,183 61,518 Procurement ... 16,903 15,502 25,561 4,200 7,129 10,663 16,100 20,849 17,774 RDT&E ... 1,416 1,916 1,903 9,724 9,572 11,005 8,710 11,409 9,174 8,937 6,726 Military Construction ... 305 7,094 445 533 7,795 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Constant Dollars 211,734 147,237 146,917 181,211 189,480 191,700 59,138 62,249 71,360 170,058 229,038 Percent Real Growth (%) 6.7 3.4 2.6 0.9 -2.9 -2.3 38.0 -0.5 18.0 Military Personnel ... 54.8 -7.6 -9.4 -2.2 15.4 0.7 2.2 Operation and Maintenance ... -1.0 -4.9 134.3 15.3 -19.9 35.0 91.0 4.8 15.7 220.3 64.9 -8.3 Procurement ... -62.2 -20.6 120.7 36.4 51.0 29.5 -14.8 69.8 11.4 -0.7 35.3 RDT&E ... -1.6 20.0 -35.5 60.8 -23.7 2.6 -24.7 Military Construction ... 45.6 19.7 1,363.7 17.7 Total Real Growth ... 14.6 -0.2 23.3 4.6 1.2 34.7 138.3 -7.6 5.3 -30.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-18 195

203 Table 6-18: AIR FORCE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 4,090 4,540 4,663 5,075 5,558 5,825 6,240 4,079 4,268 Military Personnel ... 4,064 4,202 4,625 4,550 5,259 5,853 6,169 7,118 4,855 4,559 Operation and Maintenance ... 4,267 4,316 4,488 7,035 6,716 6,366 8,867 9,217 9,072 Procurement ... 7,617 5,764 7,243 6,928 8,760 3,343 3,627 3,137 3,315 3,234 3,412 3,837 3,572 2,704 2,550 RDT&E ... 3,446 565 803 517 407 792 408 495 293 Military Construction ... 1,085 813 706 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Current Dollars 20,427 19,730 23,309 24,270 24,974 25,857 20,098 17,662 19,599 19,958 19,428 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 58,120 60,014 59,685 62,230 62,160 61,597 61,415 58,679 59,744 Military Personnel ... 60,076 60,404 Operation and Maintenance ... 42,546 43,466 45,217 48,854 50,333 54,883 44,212 43,827 43,755 44,699 43,447 54,132 50,812 46,565 61,748 61,818 58,652 54,469 57,234 45,325 59,606 Procurement ... 54,199 23,244 26,475 24,818 21,076 21,528 20,358 20,759 20,188 RDT&E ... 18,175 19,125 24,737 4,046 5,503 4,864 2,432 2,821 1,613 Military Construction ... 3,460 7,919 5,928 5,130 2,647 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Constant Dollars 194,725 193,041 195,692 172,883 192,481 189,657 187,536 189,970 182,040 173,768 188,976 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.5 -1.0 -0.5 4.3 -0.1 -0.9 Military Personnel ... -2.3 -1.8 5.7 -2.2 -0.6 2.2 -2.8 4.0 8.0 3.0 9.0 2.2 -0.2 -0.9 -0.8 Operation and Maintenance ... -2.1 0.6 -6.7 -8.4 32.6 0.1 -5.1 -7.6 Procurement ... -3.1 -24.0 26.3 -5.4 13.9 2.1 -5.4 2.0 -2.8 2.3 5.2 29.3 -6.0 RDT&E ... -6.3 -15.1 -37.1 -23.5 83.8 -50.0 16.0 -42.8 Military Construction ... 36.0 -21.1 -13.5 -25.1 17.7 Total Real Growth ... -4.2 -4.5 11.1 1.4 -0.5 -1.2 -1.1 -8.8 9.3 -0.8 1.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-18 196

204 Table 6-18: AIR FORCE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 7,298 7,831 7,783 7,696 7,964 8,421 9,022 7,619 6,690 Military Personnel ... 6,743 7,787 7,279 7,672 9,418 9,914 10,805 14,216 8,715 8,233 Operation and Maintenance ... 6,865 6,697 7,028 5,902 6,217 7,659 9,354 10,197 10,722 Procurement ... 6,989 6,478 6,243 6,358 12,702 3,120 3,299 3,606 3,816 4,222 4,359 3,062 2,928 2,817 3,056 RDT&E ... 5,001 320 350 444 617 802 545 539 615 Military Construction ... 274 280 302 Family Housing ... 59 27 Revolving and Management Funds ... 15 35 ... Total Current Dollars 23,799 28,395 31,145 32,877 34,873 41,556 23,875 26,024 24,696 23,016 24,772 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 53,296 42,306 39,855 38,716 38,430 38,162 44,935 56,193 59,743 Military Personnel ... 49,981 47,857 40,128 40,000 38,497 38,772 37,607 38,071 40,317 50,117 45,556 44,577 Operation and Maintenance ... 42,602 30,467 24,275 27,026 31,930 31,661 30,012 25,614 32,577 36,314 41,354 Procurement ... 32,261 14,883 13,343 12,937 12,871 12,952 13,190 12,477 13,054 RDT&E ... 17,135 15,009 14,860 1,270 1,253 2,339 1,467 1,339 1,431 Military Construction ... 1,430 1,451 1,367 1,364 1,838 Family Housing ... 79 111 202 56 Revolving and Management Funds ... ... Total Constant Dollars 122,593 122,752 120,408 125,226 169,780 154,438 146,673 139,204 128,195 123,599 126,050 Percent Real Growth (%) -6.1 -3.0 -5.8 -2.9 -0.7 -0.7 Military Personnel ... -5.9 -5.2 -6.2 -4.3 -5.8 -4.4 -5.8 0.7 -3.0 1.2 5.9 -3.8 -2.1 -9.1 -8.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -0.3 -15.9 -5.2 11.3 18.1 -0.8 -5.2 7.5 Procurement ... -23.7 -12.2 -10.3 -6.5 -10.3 0.6 1.8 -5.4 4.6 -15.1 -12.4 -1.0 0.2 RDT&E ... -3.0 -0.5 15.8 26.6 27.3 -37.3 -8.7 6.9 Military Construction ... -1.4 -6.8 -0.2 -4.4 -11.4 Total Real Growth ... -3.6 -0.8 2.8 -2.6 -1.9 4.0 -11.8 -9.0 -5.0 -5.1 -7.9 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-18 197

205 Table 6-18: AIR FORCE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 13,111 20,440 21,210 21,612 21,854 21,773 22,717 10,576 Military Personnel ... 13,791 12,272 19,415 20,357 21,929 23,270 25,157 25,493 29,020 21,794 Operation and Maintenance ... 16,860 18,477 19,756 21,569 38,937 36,009 33,359 27,770 30,611 30,104 24,514 Procurement ... 16,689 23,525 27,367 35,221 12,230 13,108 14,871 15,031 14,551 13,553 11,890 RDT&E ... 7,133 8,893 10,591 13,110 1,142 1,622 1,415 1,471 1,408 1,334 1,652 1,597 1,675 1,042 Military Construction ... 1,715 794 846 757 833 888 946 876 Family Housing ... 41 96 857 962 162 549 396 140 226 187 111 945 Revolving and Management Funds ... 28 79 1,289 Total Current Dollars ... 91,189 93,621 90,268 94,713 93,244 96,499 65,017 73,440 93,932 52,370 85,304 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 52,310 53,026 53,414 52,366 51,274 50,190 49,721 Military Personnel ... 39,278 39,864 40,713 40,942 51,373 48,509 50,269 52,021 53,864 53,388 53,784 Operation and Maintenance ... 42,908 44,270 46,914 50,842 39,491 71,250 61,395 49,315 52,365 49,851 68,458 57,292 51,515 38,924 Procurement ... 76,402 25,567 26,581 25,871 28,403 27,546 25,624 23,004 19,500 RDT&E ... 17,020 20,061 22,955 3,248 3,334 2,580 2,387 2,196 1,835 Military Construction ... 2,311 3,580 3,300 3,112 2,575 1,581 1,478 1,656 1,481 1,565 1,691 1,614 1,631 1,803 203 91 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 265 416 330 188 1,536 68 176 347 2,666 1,097 770 Total Constant Dollars ... 140,599 203,557 187,500 180,297 167,433 185,858 159,669 173,324 193,812 212,789 197,901 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.6 27.8 -2.0 -2.1 -2.1 -0.9 0.7 2.1 1.5 2.9 Military Personnel ... 1.4 5.9 -1.0 -1.1 3.5 3.5 -0.9 0.7 Operation and Maintenance ... 6.4 3.2 6.0 3.4 7.2 24.4 -19.7 6.2 -4.8 -20.8 11.2 32.3 20.7 Procurement ... -10.4 -10.3 11.4 4.0 -3.0 -7.0 -10.2 -15.2 9.8 14.4 17.9 30.4 RDT&E ... -2.7 2.6 -6.7 -17.2 0.2 -7.5 -8.0 -16.4 Military Construction ... 61.5 54.9 -7.8 -1.6 Total Real Growth ... 8.6 -2.8 -6.1 0.9 -3.8 -7.1 11.8 9.8 13.6 12.3 -4.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-18 198

206 Table 6-18: AIR FORCE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 18,133 19,171 19,099 19,366 20,199 21,022 24,768 21,306 Military Personnel ... 19,593 20,201 19,276 24,537 23,405 27,068 27,299 30,072 34,294 25,131 Operation and Maintenance ... 22,829 22,870 24,542 22,795 16,619 14,388 15,328 18,209 18,924 22,143 23,591 Procurement ... 23,539 21,505 17,501 15,829 11,605 12,518 14,278 13,732 14,527 14,313 14,479 RDT&E ... 13,051 12,789 12,178 14,090 1,795 1,081 1,570 1,399 1,228 1,406 1,576 1,587 1,036 1,217 Military Construction ... 1,282 1,123 1,130 1,119 1,103 1,058 Family Housing ... 1,085 1,304 1,106 1,164 985 1,161 31 31 28 12 34 Revolving and Management Funds ... 12 5 33 Total Current Dollars ... 100,266 76,543 80,862 83,368 90,051 74,230 79,566 74,938 73,170 83,048 73,773 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 36,596 35,397 33,696 33,127 32,887 33,065 36,739 Military Personnel ... 45,399 41,088 36,061 38,027 40,594 43,592 40,592 42,835 42,616 44,364 49,649 Operation and Maintenance ... 43,532 41,943 44,123 38,449 31,955 23,604 22,011 25,828 26,455 30,472 20,887 26,527 33,193 37,059 Procurement ... 24,428 17,471 18,489 20,498 20,564 19,510 20,299 19,680 19,673 RDT&E ... 20,856 20,008 18,725 1,616 1,889 1,985 1,720 1,938 2,432 Military Construction ... 1,918 1,603 2,412 2,297 2,260 1,606 1,651 1,642 1,504 1,784 1,687 1,517 Family Housing ... 1,699 1,514 1,822 1,766 39 16 46 18 8 44 47 Revolving and Management Funds ... 43 ... Total Constant Dollars 119,223 120,776 124,846 125,660 131,039 142,279 150,531 139,657 129,380 126,016 123,683 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.8 -4.8 -1.7 -0.7 0.5 11.1 -3.3 -12.2 -9.5 -8.7 Military Personnel ... 5.5 -6.9 -5.3 5.6 5.5 -0.5 4.1 11.9 Operation and Maintenance ... -19.1 -3.6 5.2 -1.2 3.5 -11.0 17.3 2.4 15.2 4.9 -20.1 -10.4 -6.2 Procurement ... -14.5 5.4 -6.7 5.8 -5.1 4.0 -3.1 0.0 0.3 -6.4 -4.1 7.0 RDT&E ... 10.9 16.8 21.6 -1.6 -12.1 -13.4 12.7 25.5 Military Construction ... 4.5 -16.4 50.5 -33.0 Total Real Growth ... -7.4 1.3 3.4 0.7 4.3 8.6 -2.6 -1.9 -7.2 -10.1 -3.6 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-18 199

207 Table 6-18: AIR FORCE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 30,590 32,403 33,435 35,517 36,048 36,557 35,501 28,676 Military Personnel ... 31,455 29,845 32,262 46,569 48,287 56,249 59,159 57,736 51,932 55,078 Operation and Maintenance ... 43,262 39,539 41,309 52,271 39,882 43,893 43,550 41,359 42,087 41,011 34,443 Procurement ... 31,666 32,363 36,086 35,841 22,191 24,492 26,767 27,917 27,421 26,631 23,163 RDT&E ... 18,935 20,233 20,478 26,347 519 2,328 3,104 3,305 1,783 1,562 3,104 1,488 1,853 1,638 Military Construction ... 2,364 2,169 2,018 1,103 1,128 620 709 Family Housing ... 649 1,569 1,520 1,722 710 44 76 927 84 77 55 Revolving and Management Funds ... 24 312 608 Total Current Dollars ... 146,263 163,138 165,894 167,293 164,283 149,348 125,353 131,673 159,729 125,770 140,864 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 41,312 40,151 40,105 41,154 41,389 41,229 39,315 Military Personnel ... 41,372 41,886 41,623 41,261 57,801 56,933 63,809 63,107 64,590 62,145 53,956 Operation and Maintenance ... 61,679 54,558 52,845 59,689 37,892 44,162 50,944 47,685 47,708 45,772 52,089 45,558 41,943 42,044 Procurement ... 48,143 27,329 29,444 31,075 31,165 32,064 30,921 29,553 25,345 RDT&E ... 25,292 26,373 25,934 2,866 2,859 3,821 2,029 1,753 573 Military Construction ... 2,168 2,390 1,872 3,697 3,641 1,300 698 710 793 778 2,445 Family Housing ... 2,105 1,987 2,174 2,676 1,322 53 1,025 84 61 716 95 386 32 Revolving and Management Funds ... 89 Total Constant Dollars ... 174,692 188,718 187,526 181,313 157,840 189,567 169,137 170,007 175,614 182,058 191,074 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.9 0.1 2.6 0.6 -0.4 -4.6 -0.1 -0.6 1.2 12.6 Military Personnel ... -2.8 1.5 3.3 6.9 -1.1 2.4 -3.8 -13.2 Operation and Maintenance ... 24.2 -11.5 -3.1 7.7 9.0 -3.1 -6.4 0.0 -4.1 -17.2 8.6 -0.2 31.6 Procurement ... 8.2 -2.2 5.4 7.7 2.9 -3.6 -4.4 -14.2 0.3 -1.7 4.3 28.6 RDT&E ... 5.5 -0.2 29.3 -1.5 5.0 -46.9 -13.6 -67.3 Military Construction ... -10.9 10.3 -21.7 53.1 Total Real Growth ... 0.5 1.2 -0.8 -1.1 -3.3 -12.9 3.3 3.7 -3.2 22.8 3.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-18 200

208 Table 6-18: AIR FORCE TOA BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 34,570 38,954 39,530 41,086 42,557 43,700 35,877 Military Personnel ... 35,259 34,169 35,607 Operation and Maintenance ... 58,191 53,813 55,044 55,941 58,576 52,691 55,691 55,351 56,064 61,407 45,654 50,541 45,994 45,556 46,975 51,917 Procurement ... 34,977 38,751 45,740 46,536 28,382 28,198 41,569 42,376 43,702 42,498 RDT&E ... 23,824 23,620 25,244 40,493 1,771 2,309 2,079 2,937 2,873 1,874 2,304 1,282 1,410 Military Construction ... 2,191 330 334 396 399 406 449 Family Housing ... 470 325 556 389 64 64 78 93 96 77 80 Revolving and Management Funds ... 144 69 66 Total Current Dollars ... 153,567 182,354 186,271 191,677 196,400 170,239 164,009 194,173 152,392 171,457 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 36,471 38,954 38,681 39,354 39,900 40,104 Military Personnel ... 39,190 36,909 36,845 36,884 58,956 60,835 51,846 51,939 52,071 51,854 Operation and Maintenance ... 57,698 57,860 59,313 61,407 48,244 48,245 45,106 43,801 44,279 47,977 50,541 41,488 37,946 Procurement ... 46,508 29,372 28,679 40,493 40,785 40,759 41,207 39,284 RDT&E ... 25,734 25,209 26,566 2,398 2,234 2,823 2,708 1,732 Military Construction ... 1,539 1,378 1,872 2,304 2,038 341 396 425 363 339 392 392 584 337 496 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 91 92 73 74 155 74 67 68 65 78 Total Constant Dollars ... 162,757 194,173 180,664 181,388 179,161 163,256 173,491 178,142 173,253 178,938 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.2 -1.1 1.7 1.4 0.5 0.1 -0.7 -5.8 -0.3 Military Personnel ... 6.8 -3.1 4.2 -15.6 0.2 0.3 -0.4 Operation and Maintenance ... 6.9 0.3 2.5 2.6 -3.6 0.0 -2.9 1.1 8.4 16.3 9.3 0.1 Procurement ... 8.7 -10.8 5.4 -2.4 -0.1 1.1 -4.7 10.6 0.7 -2.0 1.5 RDT&E ... 41.2 -6.8 3.1 -11.5 38.6 -4.1 -36.0 Military Construction ... 168.4 -10.4 35.8 28.1 Total Real Growth ... 6.3 -7.8 0.1 0.8 0.4 2.7 12.1 -2.7 0.3 3.1 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-18 201

209 Table 6-19: ARMY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,973 5,290 4,892 4,490 4,015 3,970 3,498 1,686 4,323 Military Personnel ... 1,931 4,939 5,847 6,064 2,711 2,834 3,132 3,291 4,452 Operation and Maintenance ... 4,460 1,224 1,691 1,736 8,733 4,041 3,009 Procurement ... 40 439 308 8,288 577 436 573 398 583 533 577 336 117 110 94 RDT&E ... 531 1,025 666 12 20 32 55 365 Military Construction ... 117 21 116 Family Housing ... 101 150 267 120 Revolving and Management Funds ... 155 -73 -181 -92 -123 -131 -114 77 -321 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -74 -72 -78 ... Total Current Dollars 7,808 12,847 7,646 7,333 7,577 4,279 4,011 2,840 19,520 15,077 21,279 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 92,368 91,803 85,072 77,124 66,094 66,248 59,364 36,357 41,337 39,007 Military Personnel ... 75,815 61,118 53,231 50,667 34,681 34,063 35,194 68,765 25,064 27,522 24,212 Operation and Maintenance ... 35,128 65,939 72,832 34,621 25,818 Procurement ... 420 3,805 2,765 3,642 4,567 4,114 5,193 4,589 4,949 RDT&E ... 1,205 1,281 1,297 5,797 5,554 5,534 398 347 416 8,494 2,767 Military Construction ... 1,050 202 993 280 4,478 Family Housing ... 967 1,157 1,263 873 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,108 -602 -629 -756 -949 -971 -785 524 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -2,863 -1,521 -622 -577 ... Total Constant Dollars 102,732 166,634 116,474 104,796 105,644 247,686 69,377 72,627 60,381 212,523 191,325 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.6 -7.3 -9.3 -14.3 0.2 -10.4 Military Personnel ... 13.7 -5.6 94.4 21.8 -22.6 12.5 -1.8 3.3 -0.2 143.8 -8.9 13.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -4.8 -31.6 -25.4 -52.5 10.5 2,284.9 -27.3 806.9 Procurement ... -4.2 -25.9 RDT&E ... -11.6 7.9 6.3 1.2 180.8 25.4 26.9 26.2 -34.9 -94.9 24.1 19.8 -4.4 595.3 Military Construction ... -80.7 390.6 350.9 89.7 Total Real Growth ... -4.5 -30.1 -10.0 0.8 -2.8 16.5 206.3 -22.8 20.3 -12.9 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-19 202

210 Table 6-19: ARMY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 3,705 4,460 4,719 5,685 7,467 8,432 9,018 3,611 4,121 Military Personnel ... 3,667 4,079 3,538 3,384 5,054 7,523 8,373 8,260 3,235 3,244 Operation and Maintenance ... 3,534 3,774 3,738 2,532 2,519 4,312 5,598 6,400 5,672 1,783 1,495 1,379 1,259 Procurement ... 2,906 1,329 RDT&E ... 1,402 1,464 1,597 1,558 1,599 1,111 1,102 1,147 1,337 1,402 165 211 361 978 403 481 557 166 Military Construction ... 182 307 236 Family Housing ... 103 Revolving and Management Funds ... 237 475 230 21 -39 -48 -100 -65 -67 -66 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 41 59 14 -23 Total Current Dollars ... 25,143 11,955 17,629 22,997 25,407 11,608 9,748 9,928 12,474 9,502 11,951 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 61,553 61,739 62,182 67,589 82,844 88,954 90,238 Military Personnel ... 56,847 56,678 56,630 63,706 32,516 34,986 31,526 39,573 54,039 58,273 55,281 Operation and Maintenance ... 33,701 32,488 32,277 31,523 32,987 17,204 11,863 27,547 34,624 38,285 19,465 10,194 9,504 8,649 Procurement ... 17,059 9,714 9,585 9,945 9,682 9,801 10,323 9,733 9,682 RDT&E ... 8,535 8,217 8,494 1,239 1,244 6,014 2,464 2,783 3,042 Military Construction ... 1,827 2,276 1,368 1,528 2,410 Family Housing ... 590 1,360 2,896 1,498 Revolving and Management Funds ... -257 -313 -632 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -396 -379 273 395 92 140 -152 -396 ... Total Constant Dollars 123,942 117,350 151,391 186,794 198,993 191,440 109,832 109,559 109,054 126,989 121,805 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.4 0.7 8.7 22.6 7.4 1.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -4.2 Military Personnel ... 12.5 -7.1 -3.1 0.0 25.5 36.6 7.8 -5.1 Operation and Maintenance ... -4.1 -3.6 -0.6 8.4 -0.8 68.8 132.2 25.7 10.6 -13.8 7.3 9.9 0.0 Procurement ... 14.1 -39.1 14.4 -1.3 1.2 5.3 -5.7 -0.5 -2.6 3.4 -3.7 72.5 RDT&E ... 3.8 0.3 22.9 57.7 149.6 -59.0 13.0 9.3 Military Construction ... -34.0 24.6 -39.9 -9.4 Total Real Growth ... -0.5 -5.3 29.0 23.4 6.5 -3.8 16.4 -4.1 -0.2 6.9 1.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-19 203

211 Table 6-19: ARMY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 8,951 9,233 9,607 10,043 10,482 11,057 12,074 9,629 8,748 Military Personnel ... 9,507 8,837 7,398 7,169 9,205 9,790 10,813 12,291 7,121 7,823 Operation and Maintenance ... 7,353 7,353 8,271 2,674 2,480 4,378 5,187 6,070 6,436 2,972 3,107 2,602 4,259 Procurement ... 2,260 1,939 RDT&E ... 1,958 2,281 2,408 2,641 2,846 1,632 1,638 1,800 1,825 1,741 492 760 903 713 628 812 832 654 Military Construction ... 599 672 313 Family Housing ... 176 204 Revolving and Management Funds ... 20 100 100 -44 -48 -87 -52 -162 -227 -303 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -47 -45 -43 -46 Total Current Dollars ... 34,380 23,644 26,667 28,434 31,341 21,262 21,495 21,582 21,299 23,610 21,048 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 55,517 54,017 52,931 52,475 51,383 51,233 51,776 Military Personnel ... 86,090 79,512 66,469 58,402 36,297 39,509 34,619 35,694 35,016 36,286 37,028 Operation and Maintenance ... 49,521 42,902 41,171 33,590 16,141 12,239 10,383 14,653 15,845 16,630 8,592 15,523 13,918 23,782 Procurement ... 10,533 8,804 8,437 7,111 7,098 7,792 7,597 7,548 7,498 RDT&E ... 9,389 8,908 9,242 2,020 2,345 2,199 1,824 2,183 2,113 Military Construction ... 1,721 3,206 2,657 2,472 2,801 Family Housing ... 517 321 542 343 74 Revolving and Management Funds ... -190 -322 -178 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -667 -805 -258 -236 -220 -216 -212 -519 ... Total Constant Dollars 105,592 107,584 112,978 111,466 113,729 114,294 170,247 148,210 134,842 120,757 112,918 Percent Real Growth (%) -4.9 -2.0 -0.9 -2.1 -0.3 1.1 -2.7 -16.4 -7.6 -4.6 Military Personnel ... -12.1 -8.1 -7.5 3.1 3.1 -1.9 3.6 2.0 Operation and Maintenance ... -10.4 -13.4 -4.0 -4.0 -13.9 -21.2 41.1 8.1 5.0 -2.9 11.5 -41.5 -27.9 Procurement ... -18.4 20.8 -4.7 -4.2 9.8 -2.5 -0.6 -0.7 -0.2 3.8 -5.1 -3.0 RDT&E ... -15.7 16.1 5.4 13.3 -21.5 -17.0 19.7 -3.2 Military Construction ... -43.4 86.3 -17.1 -24.0 Total Real Growth ... -9.0 1.9 5.0 -1.3 2.0 0.5 -10.4 -6.5 -12.9 -11.1 -6.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-19 204

212 Table 6-19: ARMY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 17,526 26,283 28,251 29,368 29,956 30,115 33,097 14,194 18,633 Military Personnel ... 16,618 26,417 19,258 20,645 23,923 25,233 26,825 39,281 23,000 Operation and Maintenance ... 14,488 16,820 17,743 20,464 19,401 17,887 15,343 15,107 14,949 14,308 11,062 Procurement ... 10,522 14,025 16,035 17,424 4,202 4,357 4,589 4,673 5,120 5,258 5,654 RDT&E ... 3,128 3,610 3,875 4,563 1,103 1,306 1,439 1,479 1,442 1,059 1,680 1,026 1,083 975 Military Construction ... 1,761 1,360 1,556 1,582 1,527 1,432 1,525 Family Housing ... 1,040 1,235 1,328 389 516 1,168 110 193 292 67 770 Revolving and Management Funds ... 256 292 386 -266 -194 -185 -314 -260 -331 -377 -310 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -155 -104 -276 ... Total Current Dollars 92,118 74,102 76,011 78,258 78,733 57,529 52,254 43,252 62,181 73,128 74,270 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 69,925 67,821 70,730 70,576 69,755 Military Personnel ... 71,517 53,206 54,020 54,158 54,949 69,143 46,322 46,769 50,041 49,791 49,866 50,687 68,685 Operation and Maintenance ... 39,525 43,662 44,178 48,145 17,781 38,124 28,236 26,759 25,507 23,614 34,078 33,532 30,626 24,341 Procurement ... 35,262 9,095 9,211 9,525 9,268 9,046 9,452 9,349 9,704 RDT&E ... 7,633 8,394 8,688 2,875 3,668 2,756 2,596 1,866 1,881 Military Construction ... 2,327 2,533 2,382 3,412 2,841 2,680 2,907 2,509 2,953 2,709 2,456 2,690 2,581 2,232 Family Housing ... 2,272 Revolving and Management Funds ... 355 515 114 1,253 614 651 830 804 1,033 209 -310 -538 -351 -578 -460 -562 -612 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -745 -432 -223 -550 Total Constant Dollars ... 163,926 161,612 159,940 156,666 172,719 166,019 151,338 126,901 139,453 145,778 172,486 Percent Real Growth (%) 1.5 -3.0 -0.2 -1.2 -0.9 3.4 4.3 0.3 1.5 2.8 Military Personnel ... 27.3 3.9 -2.9 7.0 -0.5 0.2 1.6 35.5 Operation and Maintenance ... 6.7 10.5 1.2 4.9 8.1 5.2 -5.2 -4.7 -7.4 -24.7 9.5 25.8 50.8 Procurement ... -10.6 -17.1 4.7 1.3 -2.4 4.5 -1.1 3.8 -2.7 3.5 10.0 1.8 RDT&E ... 3.4 27.6 -7.0 -16.7 -3.0 -5.8 -28.1 0.8 Military Construction ... 10.1 8.9 -5.9 20.7 Total Real Growth ... 4.5 -1.3 -1.4 -1.0 -2.0 10.2 3.8 14.0 9.9 11.0 -3.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-19 205

213 Table 6-19: ARMY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 26,957 26,290 26,149 26,630 27,871 29,059 32,242 26,646 31,686 Military Personnel ... 28,539 25,817 22,976 23,858 24,840 26,567 26,376 31,076 22,998 Operation and Maintenance ... 24,811 20,806 20,977 22,951 8,246 8,761 7,362 9,531 10,508 11,856 11,624 Procurement ... 8,719 7,964 7,137 7,165 5,407 4,699 5,008 5,054 5,330 6,221 7,030 RDT&E ... 6,343 6,057 5,402 4,898 2,514 789 1,352 1,245 1,468 1,632 1,182 1,302 688 1,160 Military Construction ... 1,527 1,183 1,430 1,371 1,301 1,252 1,160 1,205 1,378 Family Housing ... 1,526 1,524 1,298 374 1 234 Revolving and Management Funds ... 146 9 822 -324 -256 -125 -195 -114 -144 -179 -233 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -416 -230 -478 ... Total Current Dollars 85,918 64,046 68,367 73,165 77,027 62,842 65,322 74,011 63,843 65,120 65,161 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 48,907 48,247 45,996 45,456 45,343 Military Personnel ... 48,018 67,278 58,058 53,541 51,592 45,790 38,269 36,495 35,611 37,151 38,909 37,583 43,310 Operation and Maintenance ... 44,522 36,527 35,950 38,666 15,781 12,127 10,593 13,520 14,693 16,361 12,750 10,812 12,287 13,714 Procurement ... 10,676 8,532 7,310 7,488 7,472 7,411 7,613 8,699 9,616 RDT&E ... 10,519 9,817 8,715 1,264 2,334 1,812 2,089 2,279 3,415 Military Construction ... 1,922 1,147 2,070 1,783 2,006 2,003 1,666 1,787 1,630 2,125 1,872 Family Housing ... 2,454 2,400 1,881 2,001 1,803 317 1,121 519 1 208 Revolving and Management Funds ... 13 -605 -683 -177 -275 -159 -197 -242 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -368 -395 -348 -481 Total Constant Dollars ... 103,383 106,875 110,638 113,304 122,087 108,290 111,654 140,040 119,842 112,741 110,863 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.6 -1.3 -1.2 -0.2 1.0 4.9 -4.7 -7.8 -13.7 -5.9 Military Personnel ... -5.2 1.0 -5.6 -2.4 4.3 4.7 -3.4 15.2 Operation and Maintenance ... -35.2 -18.0 -1.6 6.5 13.6 -1.3 27.6 8.7 11.4 -3.6 -12.0 -10.4 -22.9 Procurement ... 5.1 -16.9 -2.1 -14.3 -0.8 2.7 14.3 10.5 -0.2 -11.2 -6.7 8.4 RDT&E ... 2.4 84.6 -23.6 12.5 -9.7 15.3 9.1 49.8 Military Construction ... 2.2 -40.3 80.4 -38.9 Total Real Growth ... -5.9 -4.5 3.4 3.5 2.4 7.8 -1.0 -0.7 -14.4 -18.9 -2.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-19 206

214 Table 6-19: ARMY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 50,748 61,413 67,214 70,462 70,038 68,638 64,954 44,144 54,553 Military Personnel ... 49,589 56,679 75,463 93,393 111,580 114,207 96,608 79,171 100,286 Operation and Maintenance ... 50,414 71,533 58,992 96,419 48,623 67,212 43,284 40,067 36,398 24,875 18,847 Procurement ... 15,328 15,930 25,438 28,135 11,693 11,303 12,103 11,563 9,954 8,348 7,908 RDT&E ... 7,571 10,217 10,456 12,447 2,661 4,175 11,820 9,527 6,720 3,952 10,212 3,554 1,893 2,136 Military Construction ... 7,721 1,240 1,250 1,058 1,335 684 609 670 495 Family Housing ... 1,362 1,341 1,529 2,153 460 3,560 -944 -418 -380 2,369 Revolving and Management Funds ... 254 2,648 -192 -777 -46 -408 -127 -859 834 -851 -76 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -98 57 -647 ... Total Current Dollars 175,554 234,689 243,337 237,066 203,546 152,927 153,105 121,132 174,941 251,674 218,680 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 72,469 76,086 80,550 82,262 80,441 Military Personnel ... 71,988 63,698 69,414 68,868 71,701 77,464 92,494 113,199 116,058 126,839 127,638 106,136 85,823 Operation and Maintenance ... 68,311 93,743 74,462 111,987 20,774 58,628 50,728 46,180 41,268 27,790 79,866 32,020 20,600 20,351 Procurement ... 34,589 14,342 13,566 14,624 13,964 13,229 11,116 9,204 8,628 RDT&E ... 10,129 13,279 13,178 5,131 9,331 11,013 7,608 4,403 2,925 Military Construction ... 2,829 2,438 4,466 12,147 13,835 1,558 1,253 687 747 542 1,511 783 1,527 1,928 1,743 1,815 Family Housing ... 4,191 -1,097 -481 -423 2,586 339 3,468 2,742 568 Revolving and Management Funds ... -231 -118 -761 -473 -147 -969 924 -929 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -102 -60 73 -961 Total Constant Dollars ... 275,124 279,679 267,789 226,245 192,339 300,606 219,391 167,370 204,626 197,736 267,143 Percent Real Growth (%) 4.1 5.0 2.1 -2.2 -3.7 -7.1 5.9 -0.8 9.0 32.7 Military Personnel ... 1.1 21.1 1.1 2.5 9.3 0.6 -16.8 -19.1 Operation and Maintenance ... 57.7 37.2 -20.6 24.2 69.5 8.0 -9.0 -10.6 -32.7 -25.2 55.4 1.2 29.0 Procurement ... 36.2 -36.5 8.8 -5.4 -5.3 -16.0 -17.2 -6.3 -4.5 -0.8 31.1 5.3 RDT&E ... 7.8 81.8 30.2 13.9 -20.4 -30.9 -42.1 -33.6 Military Construction ... -17.2 -13.8 83.2 14.9 Total Real Growth ... -3.4 -8.5 1.7 -4.3 -15.5 -15.0 11.0 21.8 22.3 37.1 12.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-19 207

215 Table 6-19: ARMY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 57,936 63,746 62,776 65,094 66,762 68,248 61,968 57,660 Military Personnel ... 59,471 57,967 Operation and Maintenance ... 67,851 54,674 56,165 57,981 68,339 52,905 76,910 64,526 61,254 77,501 22,172 27,902 21,767 23,247 23,442 24,386 Procurement ... 18,161 15,910 19,488 21,764 8,814 8,653 9,391 8,878 8,773 8,476 RDT&E ... 7,083 6,739 7,852 10,484 1,105 1,033 1,485 1,406 1,320 1,352 1,581 1,008 1,679 Military Construction ... 1,029 483 480 707 491 470 433 443 Family Housing ... 540 430 443 -237 1,132 165 101 128 110 103 Revolving and Management Funds ... 175 888 244 121 -955 -109 -109 -109 -109 -474 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -109 -382 -109 ... Total Current Dollars 148,017 148,809 153,789 156,896 160,878 147,459 166,044 159,347 181,979 158,287 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 59,385 63,746 61,416 62,331 62,565 Military Personnel ... 67,754 64,292 61,786 60,354 62,593 70,680 77,501 51,983 52,659 53,018 53,639 Operation and Maintenance ... 82,412 68,355 64,494 68,852 20,571 22,600 21,343 22,347 22,093 22,531 27,902 17,069 19,763 Procurement ... 22,588 9,104 8,785 10,484 9,220 8,544 8,275 7,836 RDT&E ... 7,637 7,176 8,251 1,071 1,043 1,354 1,245 1,250 Military Construction ... 1,816 1,071 1,165 1,581 1,459 501 707 409 409 488 482 452 467 459 585 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 99 123 104 95 189 945 -249 1,170 248 165 -110 -109 -107 -104 -102 -100 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -510 -1,015 -401 125 Total Constant Dollars ... 145,895 147,705 147,606 148,253 181,979 165,593 179,646 158,352 156,082 161,290 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.9 7.3 1.5 0.4 0.0 -2.3 -3.7 -5.1 -5.9 Military Personnel ... -1.6 -2.6 12.6 -32.9 1.3 0.7 1.2 Operation and Maintenance ... -4.0 -17.1 -5.6 9.6 0.1 9.8 4.7 -1.1 2.0 20.5 -13.6 -4.9 Procurement ... 23.5 -23.5 15.0 -3.5 -7.3 -3.1 -5.3 10.3 -12.1 -6.0 -11.5 RDT&E ... 19.3 -2.7 51.6 -7.7 -7.2 -8.0 0.4 Military Construction ... -37.9 -41.0 8.7 -8.0 Total Real Growth ... -1.4 -19.8 1.2 -0.1 0.4 6.1 12.8 -2.6 -11.9 -6.6 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-19 208

216 Table 6-20: NAVY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,578 3,453 3,349 3,124 3,249 3,239 3,010 1,509 2,395 Military Personnel ... 1,478 3,169 3,034 3,343 2,333 2,401 2,454 2,606 2,545 2,911 Operation and Maintenance ... 1,414 1,585 1,410 7,864 5,328 2,910 3,594 2,833 3,583 Procurement ... 1,385 803 979 5,899 3,818 507 548 668 695 769 498 432 234 168 RDT&E ... 843 470 820 410 30 118 471 175 265 Military Construction ... 100 58 62 Family Housing ... 256 100 469 65 140 Revolving and Management Funds ... 514 -54 -205 -93 -123 -131 -114 76 -364 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -49 -75 -56 ... Total Current Dollars 10,617 9,389 10,182 9,518 10,106 4,253 3,719 4,212 12,431 12,684 16,170 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 58,691 59,793 57,952 53,208 52,430 53,244 48,851 32,031 31,439 31,377 Military Personnel ... 43,019 38,800 39,835 35,169 31,877 31,096 30,600 42,054 21,724 24,761 23,759 Operation and Maintenance ... 30,295 54,672 80,934 50,605 30,492 36,531 30,529 35,153 38,627 Procurement ... 15,345 8,889 9,733 5,147 5,103 6,035 6,371 6,811 RDT&E ... 2,014 2,476 4,421 5,408 6,132 3,359 1,951 955 3,454 1,318 6,776 Military Construction ... 900 520 545 228 4,012 Family Housing ... 1,128 820 3,617 4,199 565 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,021 -398 -451 -765 -949 -971 -785 517 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -3,246 -1,723 -648 -427 Total Constant Dollars ... 129,304 131,372 122,573 125,902 127,053 159,371 146,518 70,802 63,885 197,403 65,772 Percent Real Growth (%) 37.1 -3.1 -1.5 1.6 -8.3 1.9 -8.2 -0.2 -1.8 Military Personnel ... 36.4 -5.3 -11.7 -9.4 -2.4 -1.6 -1.0 Operation and Maintenance ... 4.2 -12.3 78.6 8.4 -37.5 48.0 -16.4 15.1 9.9 461.7 9.5 -42.1 Procurement ... -39.7 19.8 78.6 -0.9 -1.6 5.6 6.9 16.4 13.4 0.0 0.0 RDT&E ... 6.0 -50.4 -93.2 318.6 261.8 -61.9 48.1 Military Construction ... -42.2 4.7 636.7 68.9 Total Real Growth ... 3.0 1.6 -6.7 2.7 0.9 34.7 122.8 -19.3 -9.8 -18.9 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-20 209

217 Table 6-20: NAVY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 3,220 3,708 3,955 4,711 5,337 5,751 6,156 3,168 3,394 Military Personnel ... 3,195 3,480 3,014 2,774 4,261 5,094 5,407 5,835 2,684 2,700 Operation and Maintenance ... 3,100 3,029 3,447 6,764 7,113 7,296 8,012 7,608 6,570 5,778 4,903 3,670 4,195 Procurement ... 6,326 1,511 RDT&E ... 1,388 1,574 1,919 1,872 2,147 1,533 1,509 1,367 1,309 1,561 150 205 277 644 272 519 297 168 Military Construction ... 167 213 303 Family Housing ... 185 312 Revolving and Management Funds ... 169 1 160 30 -54 -60 -65 -45 -35 -38 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 72 82 19 -32 Total Current Dollars ... 21,278 14,785 18,581 20,773 21,122 15,255 11,352 12,450 14,845 11,971 14,845 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 50,191 50,354 51,451 55,386 59,666 61,309 61,955 Military Personnel ... 47,859 47,038 46,974 49,797 28,621 29,916 30,249 35,196 40,335 41,836 42,525 Operation and Maintenance ... 29,714 28,571 27,727 28,938 40,376 62,781 45,375 52,057 54,790 49,133 51,704 46,676 33,250 41,641 Procurement ... 63,074 9,824 11,094 11,343 9,938 10,825 12,617 12,039 13,211 RDT&E ... 11,508 11,273 10,209 1,082 1,191 3,943 1,665 2,983 1,677 Military Construction ... 2,219 1,574 1,223 1,391 1,797 Family Housing ... 1,127 1,012 1,784 6 1,121 Revolving and Management Funds ... -356 -392 -411 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -206 -218 479 550 125 199 -212 -273 ... Total Constant Dollars 143,374 138,418 158,007 169,927 167,095 161,310 133,420 122,256 132,933 154,721 153,966 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.8 2.2 7.6 7.7 2.8 1.1 0.3 -0.1 -1.7 -2.0 Military Personnel ... 6.0 -4.3 1.1 4.5 16.4 14.6 3.7 1.6 Operation and Maintenance ... -1.9 -3.8 -3.0 7.9 0.5 34.5 14.7 5.2 -10.3 -17.8 40.4 -20.2 7.8 Procurement ... -18.0 -12.2 -3.8 12.9 8.9 16.6 -4.6 9.7 -12.4 -9.4 -2.0 69.0 RDT&E ... 2.2 10.1 16.7 29.2 119.5 -57.8 79.2 -43.8 Military Construction ... 13.7 -29.1 -22.3 -11.5 Total Real Growth ... 8.7 -3.5 14.2 7.5 -1.7 -3.5 16.4 -0.5 -8.4 5.0 -6.9 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-20 210

218 Table 6-20: NAVY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 6,758 7,881 8,039 8,349 8,774 9,220 9,944 6,675 Military Personnel ... 7,346 6,393 7,532 7,247 5,538 10,588 12,060 13,087 16,124 5,355 5,634 Operation and Maintenance ... 8,017 5,841 9,119 8,865 8,624 13,115 14,140 14,377 15,850 10,113 8,605 7,118 7,107 Procurement ... 8,299 2,681 RDT&E ... 3,257 3,723 4,018 4,480 4,572 2,236 2,178 2,368 2,542 3,024 538 629 806 594 493 782 603 632 Military Construction ... 366 307 310 Family Housing ... 32 251 238 Revolving and Management Funds ... 5 12 38 -34 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -40 -45 -29 -19 -95 -107 -34 -30 -33 -38 Total Current Dollars ... 47,225 31,302 36,378 39,499 42,103 26,679 21,321 23,602 27,808 21,932 25,097 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 46,304 45,056 43,582 42,706 42,019 41,534 41,660 Military Personnel ... 59,588 53,350 49,507 48,294 37,426 34,199 39,362 42,248 43,923 45,342 47,466 Operation and Maintenance ... 38,723 34,720 34,712 38,529 39,483 41,924 34,682 43,498 42,945 39,458 31,673 44,282 39,493 42,875 Procurement ... 36,879 12,216 11,676 11,895 11,638 12,639 12,530 12,209 11,376 RDT&E ... 12,913 11,960 12,260 2,116 2,240 1,756 1,368 1,973 1,461 Military Construction ... 1,625 1,487 1,620 2,041 2,408 Family Housing ... 104 634 131 739 45 25 Revolving and Management Funds ... -161 -168 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -61 -278 -285 -189 -160 -168 -165 -175 -99 ... Total Constant Dollars 129,034 131,548 142,879 142,829 140,977 141,796 155,560 140,851 142,214 138,585 134,351 Percent Real Growth (%) -4.1 -3.3 -2.0 -1.6 -1.2 0.3 -2.7 -7.2 -10.5 -3.8 Military Personnel ... -2.4 9.4 2.9 2.2 7.3 4.0 3.2 4.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -8.9 -10.3 0.0 -1.5 -12.0 -5.3 25.4 -1.3 -8.1 0.1 12.1 -7.9 6.2 Procurement ... -14.1 9.5 -0.4 -4.4 8.6 -0.9 -2.6 -6.8 -2.2 2.5 -7.4 -2.3 RDT&E ... 1.9 5.9 -8.9 18.0 -27.1 -22.1 44.3 -25.9 Military Construction ... -3.1 -8.5 8.9 30.6 Total Real Growth ... 1.0 1.9 8.6 0.0 -1.3 0.6 -2.6 -3.1 -9.5 -3.6 -4.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-20 211

219 Table 6-20: NAVY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 15,044 22,286 24,705 25,603 26,670 26,984 28,361 12,048 15,910 Military Personnel ... 13,973 22,043 24,502 27,690 26,936 28,060 27,802 32,497 26,110 Operation and Maintenance ... 19,398 21,543 23,215 25,757 34,044 33,680 30,839 35,853 30,991 34,408 31,483 Procurement ... 20,276 26,171 35,390 31,479 7,586 9,197 9,305 9,426 9,311 9,487 9,014 RDT&E ... 4,997 5,828 6,094 9,572 1,207 1,262 1,401 1,461 1,637 1,180 1,662 1,106 1,487 827 Military Construction ... 1,595 633 700 760 799 792 855 Family Housing ... 741 611 658 903 3,758 2,698 595 329 185 -516 239 Revolving and Management Funds ... 585 632 367 -165 -65 -156 -87 21 -161 -186 -120 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 28 -102 -175 ... Total Current Dollars 103,470 93,500 100,281 97,675 99,977 81,854 69,569 58,011 82,088 96,113 99,015 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 58,953 58,218 61,725 61,457 61,949 Military Personnel ... 61,731 43,619 44,521 46,009 46,450 61,631 58,861 59,964 58,888 58,766 58,549 56,342 60,153 Operation and Maintenance ... 51,279 54,173 56,776 64,379 50,640 66,552 56,535 63,194 52,816 56,811 63,860 73,687 57,080 46,861 Procurement ... 63,423 15,542 18,279 18,497 17,440 17,021 16,165 15,847 14,590 RDT&E ... 11,541 12,825 12,924 2,595 3,162 2,624 2,837 2,007 2,000 Military Construction ... 1,890 3,233 2,353 3,193 2,606 1,222 1,375 1,389 1,310 1,392 1,337 1,308 1,254 1,567 Family Housing ... 5,251 Revolving and Management Funds ... 606 326 -875 388 1,406 1,411 787 1,868 7,518 1,128 56 -341 -296 -160 37 -272 -303 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -289 -146 -219 -342 Total Constant Dollars ... 199,336 204,881 194,071 192,829 190,588 209,864 189,651 156,307 173,098 193,884 220,207 Percent Real Growth (%) 1.0 -1.2 -0.4 0.8 -0.5 0.2 6.0 3.3 2.1 4.7 Military Personnel ... 26.9 9.4 -6.9 -1.8 -0.2 -0.4 -3.8 6.8 Operation and Maintenance ... 8.0 5.6 4.8 3.7 4.9 -13.9 11.8 -16.4 7.6 -10.9 29.1 21.8 18.7 Procurement ... -4.0 -11.5 20.3 17.6 -2.4 -5.0 -2.0 -7.9 -5.7 0.8 11.1 1.5 RDT&E ... 1.2 21.9 1.0 -18.4 0.7 8.1 -29.2 -0.4 Military Construction ... 29.3 71.1 -27.2 10.3 Total Real Growth ... 12.0 -5.0 2.8 -5.3 -0.6 -1.2 -2.2 16.1 10.7 10.2 -4.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-20 212

220 Table 6-20: NAVY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 26,241 24,862 24,560 24,663 25,749 26,874 29,964 28,155 25,308 Military Personnel ... 27,294 24,649 25,306 25,151 27,138 27,759 29,022 32,621 26,000 Operation and Maintenance ... 26,258 23,596 23,642 24,475 15,850 17,143 19,499 20,731 23,141 26,300 24,369 Procurement ... 26,587 19,699 16,126 17,303 8,574 8,443 7,846 8,977 9,044 9,579 11,387 RDT&E ... 7,579 8,914 8,206 7,917 1,376 401 1,705 640 979 1,418 1,926 1,354 392 953 Military Construction ... 3,061 1,207 1,573 1,521 1,375 1,215 1,177 1,312 1,228 Family Housing ... 989 1,044 1,102 -501 1,024 1,076 610 1,277 1,158 1,608 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,464 1,541 1,834 -650 -204 -1,366 53 -331 -161 -176 -211 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 365 -156 -116 ... Total Current Dollars 102,376 80,696 84,028 88,795 95,501 78,055 83,198 90,311 76,948 79,562 80,117 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 46,644 45,592 43,061 41,962 41,791 Military Personnel ... 44,556 59,704 55,458 51,968 48,910 42,225 42,906 39,827 40,937 42,499 42,502 42,445 46,764 Operation and Maintenance ... 49,215 43,571 41,083 41,770 33,002 23,397 28,127 29,452 32,378 36,257 25,008 24,487 30,429 41,862 Procurement ... 25,878 12,954 12,526 11,599 11,367 12,907 12,732 13,263 15,517 RDT&E ... 11,978 14,227 12,653 645 4,537 943 1,397 1,968 1,867 Military Construction ... 1,553 655 2,095 2,846 2,491 1,985 2,215 1,656 1,813 1,676 2,320 1,731 1,809 1,681 1,625 1,571 Family Housing ... 1,546 865 1,779 1,584 2,177 3,804 2,337 -747 1,506 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,654 531 -166 -1,938 75 -460 -220 -238 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -333 -315 -236 -964 Total Constant Dollars ... 127,576 130,433 133,776 139,335 145,321 129,576 131,392 165,552 149,454 136,067 133,231 Percent Real Growth (%) -5.9 -2.3 -2.6 -0.4 1.0 5.5 -5.6 -6.3 -7.1 -3.3 Military Personnel ... -4.6 -2.6 -4.7 2.8 3.8 0.0 -0.1 10.2 Operation and Maintenance ... -18.2 -11.5 -5.7 4.4 -9.6 5.7 4.7 9.9 12.0 -9.0 -19.5 -27.3 -17.3 Procurement ... 6.9 12.5 2.4 -3.3 13.6 -1.4 4.2 17.0 -2.0 -11.1 18.8 -17.9 RDT&E ... -7.4 603.6 -37.3 -12.5 -62.2 48.2 40.9 -5.1 Military Construction ... -22.3 -57.8 219.7 -69.2 Total Real Growth ... -9.0 -1.5 2.2 2.6 4.2 4.3 -3.4 1.4 -9.7 -13.1 -2.7 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-20 213

221 Table 6-20: NAVY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 38,648 42,664 44,849 46,715 47,360 47,714 46,183 36,186 40,189 Military Personnel ... 36,842 40,836 44,130 46,644 55,157 58,542 58,230 57,664 52,138 Operation and Maintenance ... 42,643 38,563 39,477 50,720 40,096 47,352 41,976 47,930 46,785 46,037 40,133 Procurement ... 27,191 29,988 32,196 36,837 18,973 19,637 19,803 19,938 17,931 17,658 15,174 RDT&E ... 13,667 14,922 16,900 18,439 1,714 1,808 4,883 4,324 3,791 2,433 3,376 1,369 1,391 1,692 Military Construction ... 2,265 823 637 676 756 515 552 469 424 Family Housing ... 1,194 985 712 2,271 1,208 1,997 1,982 505 1,475 1,549 840 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,693 1,269 366 -166 325 -297 -96 61 -202 -67 -209 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -226 92 120 ... Total Current Dollars 162,065 166,091 174,989 176,498 173,888 131,665 124,284 124,057 143,803 165,345 150,256 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 52,257 52,808 53,765 54,548 54,375 Military Personnel ... 51,137 52,320 51,664 52,509 52,823 53,808 54,070 58,514 60,174 61,960 64,005 62,485 61,443 Operation and Maintenance ... 59,950 52,554 50,235 55,846 44,343 48,437 49,267 55,355 53,185 51,570 56,367 40,538 38,715 36,014 Procurement ... 45,350 23,317 23,590 21,616 22,879 22,624 20,002 19,427 16,558 RDT&E ... 18,243 19,408 21,355 2,223 2,738 5,010 4,327 2,740 1,903 Military Construction ... 2,237 1,789 1,717 4,019 5,717 883 801 623 521 465 767 590 1,013 901 1,297 1,608 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,317 569 1,673 1,707 925 2,254 1,647 2,878 1,488 444 2,365 -272 142 -344 -110 69 -224 -73 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -280 427 117 -206 Total Constant Dollars ... 194,657 200,545 198,260 192,034 176,699 196,632 180,079 172,348 167,501 170,249 183,807 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.6 1.1 1.5 -0.3 -1.0 -5.0 1.8 1.6 -1.3 17.4 Military Personnel ... -1.1 3.3 4.8 2.8 3.0 3.3 -2.4 -1.7 Operation and Maintenance ... 28.2 -12.3 -4.4 7.6 6.8 11.9 12.4 -3.9 -3.0 -14.0 4.7 7.5 9.1 Procurement ... 16.4 -12.6 9.2 1.2 -1.1 -11.6 -2.9 -14.8 5.8 10.0 6.4 17.6 RDT&E ... -8.4 23.2 46.8 42.2 -12.4 -13.6 -36.7 -30.5 Military Construction ... 19.8 -20.0 -4.0 29.4 Total Real Growth ... 1.6 -1.0 3.0 -1.1 -3.1 -8.0 5.8 2.1 -2.8 18.6 7.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-20 214

222 Table 6-20: NAVY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 45,837 50,182 51,510 53,134 54,708 56,303 45,993 46,233 Military Personnel ... 45,818 46,229 Operation and Maintenance ... 57,582 59,032 61,788 62,194 55,397 58,299 55,875 54,241 54,962 63,383 49,698 58,585 58,504 63,219 65,972 68,440 Procurement ... 42,222 41,806 47,655 49,934 17,799 17,578 17,581 16,067 14,404 14,326 RDT&E ... 15,029 15,871 18,042 18,768 1,924 1,662 2,570 2,628 2,370 2,964 2,965 1,249 1,791 Military Construction ... 1,649 395 392 419 429 445 528 522 Family Housing ... 453 370 362 2,780 2,792 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,887 2,833 -114 2 -288 -288 -288 -288 -164 -205 -288 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -288 ... Total Current Dollars 161,077 188,605 194,237 199,482 204,462 171,617 163,950 174,086 194,015 172,841 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 47,347 50,182 50,403 50,892 51,289 Military Personnel ... 50,237 49,486 48,848 48,353 51,665 57,399 63,383 57,340 56,941 58,411 57,616 Operation and Maintenance ... 58,964 56,577 58,084 58,346 50,343 50,661 57,363 60,771 62,174 63,235 58,585 44,900 46,024 Procurement ... 51,836 18,382 17,827 18,768 17,268 15,469 13,592 13,249 RDT&E ... 16,216 16,921 18,964 1,727 1,682 2,526 2,234 2,739 Military Construction ... 1,960 1,345 2,036 2,965 2,520 419 498 428 399 482 Family Housing ... 490 395 421 381 409 2,876 2,012 3,012 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,980 -293 -288 -282 -277 -271 -266 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -220 -175 2 -118 Total Constant Dollars ... 185,032 186,750 187,926 188,720 194,015 180,863 176,682 171,461 181,637 175,969 Percent Real Growth (%) -1.3 6.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 -1.0 0.4 -1.5 -1.8 Military Personnel ... -2.1 1.7 8.6 -9.5 -0.7 2.6 -1.4 Operation and Maintenance ... -4.0 -4.0 2.7 -1.2 -2.3 3.0 5.9 2.3 1.7 12.1 -2.4 3.8 Procurement ... 15.6 -2.1 12.1 -3.0 -10.4 -12.1 -2.5 -3.1 -8.0 4.4 -2.1 RDT&E ... 5.3 -2.6 76.3 -15.0 0.3 -11.6 22.6 Military Construction ... 3.0 -31.4 51.4 -15.2 Total Real Growth ... 5.9 -4.6 0.9 0.6 0.4 -0.4 10.3 -2.7 -3.0 0.0 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-20 215

223 Table 6-21: AIR FORCE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,340 3,387 3,318 3,526 3,794 3,829 3,907 1,106 1,991 Military Personnel ... 1,098 3,044 3,133 3,453 2,927 3,708 3,881 4,183 3,200 3,212 Operation and Maintenance ... 1,220 908 1,175 12,770 11,396 3,729 3,168 5,183 5,822 Procurement ... 2,270 503 2,441 8,071 5,660 486 1,145 1,112 1,261 2,062 2,906 811 259 132 199 RDT&E ... 2,460 1,471 2,192 1,260 271 759 761 1,240 1,447 Military Construction ... 36 48 210 Family Housing ... 50 500 75 2 100 Revolving and Management Funds ... 106 -62 -186 -88 -116 -134 -111 71 -258 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -61 -65 -72 ... Total Current Dollars 17,803 11,542 12,026 15,374 17,567 5,363 2,503 4,573 15,139 20,427 22,315 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 56,774 59,910 58,963 60,938 62,387 63,125 61,134 23,118 25,478 26,441 Military Personnel ... 36,775 39,713 41,598 40,620 36,760 42,700 43,385 45,233 17,632 14,701 17,850 Operation and Maintenance ... 44,662 76,877 121,347 105,440 32,953 26,639 43,189 46,765 44,816 Procurement ... 23,303 5,002 23,821 4,384 7,246 10,368 15,765 21,113 17,747 RDT&E ... 1,925 1,343 2,387 10,143 9,647 10,427 10,468 5,982 5,874 9,097 18,320 Military Construction ... 314 411 1,753 2,417 12,248 Family Housing ... 806 3,856 510 869 17 Revolving and Management Funds ... 394 -495 -580 -723 -895 -993 -764 483 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -2,301 -1,563 -562 -490 Total Constant Dollars ... 143,877 143,649 168,924 182,721 179,820 227,744 169,901 64,210 45,371 249,294 71,491 Percent Real Growth (%) 39.1 -1.6 2.4 1.2 -3.2 5.5 3.3 3.8 10.2 Military Personnel ... 54.4 -8.0 -2.4 -9.5 16.2 1.6 2.9 Operation and Maintenance ... -17.6 19.9 125.2 13.9 -13.1 57.8 62.1 8.3 -4.2 222.7 376.2 -78.5 Procurement ... -68.7 -19.2 83.6 40.0 52.1 33.9 -15.9 65.3 7.5 77.7 -30.2 RDT&E ... -4.9 -43.1 -76.8 147.5 -1.8 54.9 15.1 Military Construction ... 30.7 327.0 598.6 49.6 Total Real Growth ... 57.6 -0.2 17.6 8.2 -1.6 46.7 137.7 -8.6 -29.3 -36.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-21 216

224 Table 6-21: AIR FORCE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 4,063 4,487 4,583 5,076 5,574 5,840 6,253 4,044 4,275 Military Personnel ... 4,020 4,155 4,550 4,489 5,253 5,853 6,160 7,143 4,344 4,267 Operation and Maintenance ... 4,557 4,643 4,856 6,449 6,978 8,390 9,209 9,356 8,219 6,213 5,317 6,548 7,256 Procurement ... 6,370 3,698 RDT&E ... 3,175 3,215 3,172 3,393 3,443 2,429 2,780 3,321 3,565 3,544 462 488 392 720 414 502 273 799 Military Construction ... 694 804 796 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 14 167 419 30 72 -53 -70 -66 -33 -55 -29 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 85 19 -32 Total Current Dollars ... 25,722 19,149 22,589 24,203 25,364 20,147 18,581 17,903 19,393 18,864 19,424 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 59,763 60,049 59,492 59,693 62,326 62,249 61,674 Military Personnel ... 59,513 58,383 57,943 61,459 43,449 44,890 43,469 45,180 48,857 50,271 55,049 Operation and Maintenance ... 44,210 44,045 43,762 42,536 50,599 50,402 45,514 58,309 61,615 60,472 48,143 41,898 51,810 56,315 Procurement ... 53,978 24,732 25,543 24,274 21,321 20,902 19,980 20,648 20,169 RDT&E ... 17,354 19,634 23,058 3,341 5,478 4,425 2,471 2,857 1,508 Military Construction ... 5,911 5,870 5,050 3,273 2,554 Family Housing ... 2,394 988 82 Revolving and Management Funds ... -324 -457 -417 -201 -166 479 570 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 199 -212 -350 125 ... Total Constant Dollars 177,925 171,893 188,091 195,130 197,159 191,227 183,781 180,311 171,837 185,023 188,000 Percent Real Growth (%) -2.8 -0.9 0.3 4.4 -0.1 -0.9 0.5 -0.8 -1.9 -2.7 Military Personnel ... 6.1 -3.2 -2.1 2.2 3.9 8.1 2.9 9.5 Operation and Maintenance ... -1.0 -0.4 -0.6 2.6 7.1 20.3 28.1 5.7 -1.9 -16.3 -19.1 -8.0 25.7 Procurement ... -10.8 -5.5 7.3 3.3 -2.0 -4.4 3.3 -2.3 -12.2 17.4 13.1 -2.2 RDT&E ... -5.0 64.0 -40.3 -22.0 73.3 -44.2 15.6 -47.2 Military Construction ... -43.5 -0.7 -14.0 -33.8 Total Real Growth ... -4.7 -3.4 9.4 3.7 1.0 -3.0 7.7 1.6 -1.9 2.2 -5.4 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-21 217

225 Table 6-21: AIR FORCE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 7,256 7,850 7,783 7,726 7,989 8,426 8,996 6,691 Military Personnel ... 7,633 6,744 7,798 7,693 6,815 9,421 9,839 10,822 14,150 6,715 6,865 Operation and Maintenance ... 8,225 7,039 8,715 5,873 5,858 10,185 9,875 10,707 12,707 7,704 6,012 5,943 6,439 Procurement ... 6,041 3,070 RDT&E ... 3,607 3,755 4,165 4,395 5,056 3,084 2,803 2,903 3,120 3,291 289 508 632 856 470 541 633 277 Military Construction ... 307 296 303 Family Housing ... 287 196 443 Revolving and Management Funds ... 126 15 59 -20 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -72 -12 -32 -31 -145 -266 -26 -20 -48 -26 Total Current Dollars ... 41,720 28,444 31,969 32,595 34,943 24,670 22,481 23,245 25,967 23,356 23,934 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 47,908 45,008 42,306 39,956 38,797 38,443 38,095 Military Personnel ... 59,746 56,197 53,083 50,049 40,219 41,391 38,497 38,780 37,380 38,118 40,154 Operation and Maintenance ... 50,118 45,669 43,386 39,967 32,273 28,134 27,186 34,781 30,656 29,972 23,591 31,388 33,412 38,129 Procurement ... 25,424 14,883 13,377 12,907 12,873 12,750 13,018 12,577 13,193 RDT&E ... 17,286 14,933 14,737 1,146 995 2,497 1,265 1,344 1,473 Military Construction ... 1,576 1,441 1,385 1,660 1,883 Family Housing ... 919 1,177 202 577 56 502 Revolving and Management Funds ... -289 -43 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -99 -425 -707 -142 -107 -244 -97 -119 -111 ... Total Constant Dollars 123,345 122,757 128,855 121,937 120,606 125,657 166,713 151,544 143,735 135,506 127,804 Percent Real Growth (%) -4.3 -6.0 -5.6 -2.9 -0.9 -0.9 -6.1 -5.5 -5.9 -3.1 Military Personnel ... -5.7 -2.8 -0.6 -3.7 0.7 -3.6 2.0 5.3 Operation and Maintenance ... -9.0 -8.9 -5.0 -4.6 -9.6 -10.4 27.9 -11.9 -2.2 7.7 -6.1 -12.4 -24.6 Procurement ... -7.2 15.2 1.0 -10.1 -1.0 2.1 -3.4 4.9 -0.3 -1.3 -13.6 -14.3 RDT&E ... -3.5 -13.2 66.9 13.4 32.6 -49.4 6.3 9.5 Military Construction ... 4.5 -8.5 -3.9 -17.3 Total Real Growth ... -5.2 -0.5 5.0 -5.4 -1.1 4.2 -5.7 -5.7 -9.1 -12.8 -3.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-21 218

226 Table 6-21: AIR FORCE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 13,118 19,225 21,054 21,613 21,851 21,777 22,755 10,666 13,820 Military Personnel ... 12,285 19,313 20,369 21,846 23,040 24,973 25,160 29,061 21,682 Operation and Maintenance ... 16,889 18,486 19,645 21,249 41,838 38,197 31,959 26,701 30,981 30,276 24,041 Procurement ... 16,907 23,747 27,982 36,092 12,258 13,485 14,903 14,617 14,696 13,507 12,207 RDT&E ... 7,133 8,872 10,621 13,109 1,117 1,610 1,426 1,414 1,445 1,453 1,757 1,715 1,701 1,049 Military Construction ... 1,752 793 798 828 921 870 888 Family Housing ... 914 805 885 1,289 549 752 202 452 187 121 1,672 Revolving and Management Funds ... 593 79 162 -134 -349 -399 -340 -369 -274 -485 -93 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -246 -82 -214 ... Total Current Dollars 91,257 91,624 88,324 94,685 92,890 74,074 64,821 53,144 86,108 94,870 99,420 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 52,106 50,665 53,119 52,368 51,270 Military Personnel ... 49,782 39,493 39,892 40,728 41,003 50,195 48,535 50,226 50,060 51,604 53,542 52,832 53,851 Operation and Maintenance ... 42,976 44,289 46,681 51,208 38,731 82,081 58,827 47,434 53,004 50,136 72,601 58,567 52,000 39,429 Procurement ... 73,000 25,623 27,330 25,870 28,462 26,795 25,878 22,928 20,013 RDT&E ... 17,020 20,016 23,018 3,225 3,405 2,480 2,450 2,391 1,795 Military Construction ... 2,325 3,636 3,544 3,310 2,595 1,546 1,508 1,447 1,515 1,614 1,471 1,766 1,651 1,919 Family Housing ... 1,464 Revolving and Management Funds ... 832 330 205 2,719 1,425 176 347 2,666 1,097 382 -493 -417 -757 -626 -652 -465 -789 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -224 -778 -176 -278 Total Constant Dollars ... 194,204 182,396 187,436 179,692 167,550 205,266 195,425 142,444 159,230 174,628 218,501 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.7 -2.8 -1.4 -2.1 -2.1 -0.8 4.8 2.1 1.0 3.7 Military Personnel ... 27.1 5.5 -1.9 -0.3 3.1 3.8 -1.3 1.9 Operation and Maintenance ... 7.0 3.1 5.4 4.0 12.4 24.6 -19.4 11.7 -5.4 -22.7 12.6 31.9 22.2 Procurement ... -11.5 -19.0 11.3 6.7 -5.9 -3.4 -11.4 -12.7 10.0 15.0 17.6 29.0 RDT&E ... -5.3 5.6 -2.8 -21.6 -4.4 -1.2 -2.4 -24.9 Military Construction ... 57.9 56.4 -2.5 -9.0 Total Real Growth ... 9.7 -5.4 -6.1 2.8 -4.1 -6.8 11.9 11.8 11.8 13.4 -6.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-21 219

227 Table 6-21: AIR FORCE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 18,168 19,186 19,111 19,357 20,217 20,956 24,751 19,602 21,381 Military Personnel ... 20,141 19,309 24,561 23,519 27,107 27,254 29,328 34,364 25,174 Operation and Maintenance ... 22,816 22,179 24,525 22,728 15,558 14,247 15,258 18,434 18,755 22,054 23,229 Procurement ... 23,249 21,803 17,716 16,529 11,787 12,427 14,265 13,807 14,511 14,297 14,519 RDT&E ... 12,867 12,979 12,021 14,017 1,806 816 1,537 862 1,174 1,410 1,567 1,554 1,053 1,200 Military Construction ... 1,285 1,106 1,124 1,135 1,114 1,082 1,158 1,084 1,374 Family Housing ... 1,112 1,212 923 434 234 292 Revolving and Management Funds ... 790 1,510 515 -470 -221 -409 -246 -453 -95 -108 -286 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -231 -332 -453 ... Total Current Dollars 100,228 76,284 81,914 83,050 89,549 74,575 79,146 82,340 73,932 73,216 72,992 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 36,644 35,418 33,714 33,115 32,912 Military Personnel ... 36,716 45,518 40,995 36,113 38,040 32,975 43,628 38,353 40,653 42,890 42,554 43,344 49,744 Operation and Maintenance ... 43,512 40,878 44,098 40,761 31,464 22,872 21,909 26,148 26,218 30,351 20,681 26,853 33,654 36,604 Procurement ... 24,646 17,741 18,357 20,393 20,544 19,616 20,276 19,657 19,727 RDT&E ... 20,566 20,301 18,488 1,221 1,894 1,226 1,644 1,944 2,447 Military Construction ... 1,891 1,630 2,361 2,284 2,212 1,674 1,503 1,552 1,637 1,677 1,878 Family Housing ... 1,777 1,896 1,622 1,418 1,675 395 702 603 333 1,130 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,127 -336 -647 -580 -347 -628 -129 -146 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -452 -341 -502 -698 Total Constant Dollars ... 120,408 126,328 125,217 130,347 142,227 119,285 126,254 149,415 139,011 128,831 121,870 Percent Real Growth (%) 5.3 -3.3 -1.8 -0.6 0.2 11.3 -4.8 -11.9 -9.9 -8.6 Military Personnel ... -3.7 -6.6 -5.9 6.0 5.5 -0.8 1.9 14.8 Operation and Maintenance ... -19.2 -6.1 7.9 -1.1 -7.2 -8.2 19.3 0.3 15.8 3.7 -20.2 -8.1 -5.5 Procurement ... -9.6 5.9 -4.0 3.5 -4.5 3.4 -3.1 0.4 0.7 -8.9 -1.3 2.8 RDT&E ... 11.1 55.1 20.6 -3.1 -44.6 34.1 18.2 25.9 Military Construction ... 5.3 -13.8 44.9 -48.3 Total Real Growth ... -7.3 0.9 4.9 -0.9 4.1 9.1 -2.0 -3.5 -7.0 -10.8 -2.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-21 220

228 Table 6-21: AIR FORCE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 30,344 32,180 33,482 35,406 36,040 36,624 35,604 28,732 31,398 Military Personnel ... 29,681 31,789 46,709 48,237 56,045 59,357 57,602 52,072 55,229 Operation and Maintenance ... 43,254 39,252 39,752 52,225 39,542 43,816 44,182 40,386 41,789 40,492 32,951 Procurement ... 31,380 32,460 35,117 35,989 22,220 24,566 26,289 27,947 27,481 26,373 22,769 RDT&E ... 18,825 20,290 20,551 26,630 451 2,183 3,102 3,198 1,611 1,433 3,089 1,499 1,831 1,634 Military Construction ... 2,328 2,086 1,900 1,001 1,087 577 591 490 520 Family Housing ... 1,536 1,441 1,680 -667 1,252 -934 251 1,603 84 -46 -27 Revolving and Management Funds ... 31 690 666 -180 -110 -96 -226 -143 -175 -64 -147 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -80 -359 -96 ... Total Current Dollars 144,277 163,526 164,936 166,809 162,793 127,918 125,536 125,245 141,657 157,909 148,947 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 40,743 39,888 40,161 41,027 41,380 Military Personnel ... 39,426 41,448 41,671 41,309 41,190 41,303 57,106 59,634 63,985 62,872 64,814 61,996 54,109 Operation and Maintenance ... 61,668 54,184 50,874 57,741 36,245 47,732 51,685 46,562 47,368 45,192 51,998 44,329 42,069 41,664 Procurement ... 44,345 27,366 29,533 31,409 30,609 32,098 30,988 29,267 24,914 RDT&E ... 25,146 26,448 26,027 2,688 2,815 3,697 1,833 1,608 499 Military Construction ... 2,163 2,362 1,886 3,679 3,639 1,274 1,178 658 530 554 2,302 660 2,574 2,122 1,885 2,061 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 291 1,803 95 -53 -29 42 904 -849 1,548 802 -1,100 -97 -114 -112 -259 -162 -193 -70 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -197 -144 -458 -223 Total Constant Dollars ... 191,532 188,459 186,975 179,649 155,648 186,573 176,593 173,995 169,380 165,240 181,572 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.3 -2.1 2.2 0.9 -0.2 -4.5 0.7 -0.9 0.5 12.9 Military Personnel ... -1.1 1.1 3.3 7.3 -1.7 3.1 -4.3 -12.7 Operation and Maintenance ... 24.0 -12.1 -6.1 12.2 7.6 0.0 -9.9 1.7 -4.6 -19.8 5.4 1.0 32.4 Procurement ... 8.9 -0.6 5.1 7.9 4.9 -3.5 -5.6 -14.9 -2.5 -1.6 5.2 27.5 RDT&E ... 6.4 4.7 30.7 -1.1 1.6 -50.4 -12.3 -69.0 Military Construction ... -11.6 9.2 -20.2 42.5 Total Real Growth ... -2.4 2.7 -1.6 -0.8 -3.9 -13.4 6.9 2.8 -2.7 22.3 2.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-21 221

229 Table 6-21: AIR FORCE BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 34,803 38,954 39,530 41,086 42,557 43,700 35,888 35,485 Military Personnel ... 34,373 35,607 Operation and Maintenance ... 58,195 53,813 55,044 55,941 58,784 52,691 55,992 55,131 55,786 61,414 45,658 50,560 45,994 45,556 46,975 51,917 Procurement ... 34,390 38,398 45,214 45,708 27,848 28,254 41,569 42,376 43,702 42,498 RDT&E ... 23,822 23,586 24,516 40,573 1,654 2,193 2,079 2,937 2,873 1,874 2,304 1,178 1,291 Military Construction ... 2,191 336 334 396 399 406 449 389 Family Housing ... 465 328 492 521 -180 78 93 96 77 80 Revolving and Management Funds ... -597 106 64 -53 69 -140 -140 -140 -140 -142 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -140 196 -140 ... Total Current Dollars 153,170 182,214 186,130 191,537 196,260 163,183 151,108 170,120 194,139 170,162 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 36,471 38,954 38,681 39,354 39,900 Military Personnel ... 39,201 37,127 37,090 37,117 40,104 61,050 61,414 51,846 51,939 52,071 51,854 Operation and Maintenance ... 58,023 57,625 59,020 58,959 47,688 46,512 45,106 43,801 44,279 47,977 50,560 41,109 37,306 Procurement ... 47,386 28,819 28,736 40,573 40,785 40,759 41,207 39,284 RDT&E ... 25,732 25,174 25,800 2,278 2,234 2,823 2,708 1,732 Military Construction ... 1,409 1,266 1,749 2,304 2,038 347 396 425 363 339 392 392 516 340 490 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 91 92 73 74 -642 113 548 -187 65 78 -143 -140 -138 -135 -132 -130 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -153 73 206 -55 Total Constant Dollars ... 178,800 179,026 180,532 181,258 194,139 176,756 161,366 162,827 172,617 173,174 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.1 6.8 1.7 1.4 0.5 0.1 -0.7 -5.3 -0.6 Military Personnel ... -1.7 -3.4 4.2 -15.6 0.2 0.3 -0.4 Operation and Maintenance ... 7.2 -0.7 2.4 3.4 -1.8 -0.6 -2.9 1.1 8.4 16.0 10.2 2.9 Procurement ... 8.7 -10.8 2.5 -0.3 -0.1 1.1 -4.7 11.7 0.5 -2.2 3.3 RDT&E ... 41.2 -1.9 3.1 -11.5 38.6 -4.1 -36.0 Military Construction ... 182.3 -10.1 38.1 30.2 Total Real Growth ... 6.0 -7.9 0.1 0.8 0.4 2.4 12.1 -2.0 0.9 3.7 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-21 222

230 Table 6-22: ARMY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,984 5,006 4,837 4,372 4,111 3,926 3,962 1,904 3,383 Military Personnel ... 1,802 5,273 3,217 5,961 2,697 2,690 2,947 3,174 4,060 4,580 Operation and Maintenance ... 1,538 1,540 1,649 3,950 5,713 3,314 1,156 1,165 1,413 Procurement ... 44 251 292 449 1,304 202 490 559 653 709 725 373 117 90 91 RDT&E ... 768 97 353 535 379 379 412 457 389 Military Construction ... 73 51 77 Family Housing ... -65 -275 1 -229 -346 -368 -381 -542 -131 120 Revolving and Management Funds ... 67 -73 -74 -92 -123 -131 -114 77 -78 -181 -72 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -321 ... Total Current Dollars 15,561 16,249 12,828 8,788 8,588 8,972 9,131 3,396 3,488 3,916 7,395 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 39,153 89,454 84,725 76,272 66,890 65,935 62,523 Military Personnel ... 38,328 68,270 40,222 95,068 34,291 67,628 48,094 34,731 33,191 33,858 53,952 24,499 26,161 27,084 Operation and Maintenance ... 38,810 4,111 33,748 48,098 28,327 9,268 8,953 10,122 9,190 Procurement ... 455 2,224 2,627 2,504 4,031 6,134 6,241 5,883 6,230 RDT&E ... 1,189 1,100 1,321 5,069 5,588 4,582 3,286 3,118 3,234 3,345 2,854 Military Construction ... 3,038 845 690 452 676 Family Housing ... -2,243 12 -1,885 -2,667 -2,726 -2,625 -3,691 Revolving and Management Funds ... 597 -546 -1,132 947 -602 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -949 -971 -785 524 -756 -629 -577 -622 -1,521 -2,863 Total Constant Dollars ... 200,538 167,379 125,906 114,813 115,733 111,921 65,467 68,092 66,537 114,911 200,669 Percent Real Growth (%) -5.9 -5.3 -10.0 -12.3 -1.4 -5.2 Military Personnel ... 4.9 -2.7 74.4 39.3 -20.2 74.3 -4.4 2.0 1.3 58.4 -6.4 -3.4 Operation and Maintenance ... -10.9 -27.8 721.0 -41.1 13.1 -9.2 42.5 -67.3 -3.4 56.5 18.1 388.7 Procurement ... RDT&E ... 9.8 1.7 -5.7 5.9 -7.4 20.1 89.5 60.9 25.7 10.2 50.8 -28.3 -5.1 3.7 3.4 -14.7 Military Construction ... -33.2 52.7 22.6 259.4 Total Real Growth ... -2.3 -24.8 -8.8 0.8 -3.3 74.6 72.7 -0.1 4.0 -16.5 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-22 223

231 Table 6-22: ARMY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 4,037 4,602 4,697 5,505 7,300 8,332 9,047 3,809 Military Personnel ... 4,415 3,866 4,303 3,757 3,417 4,752 7,293 8,205 8,300 3,246 3,320 Operation and Maintenance ... 3,638 3,705 3,681 1,784 2,371 2,671 4,390 5,841 6,117 1,764 1,397 1,267 1,281 Procurement ... 2,315 1,354 RDT&E ... 1,344 1,412 1,634 1,434 1,521 911 1,046 1,207 1,280 1,338 175 233 216 332 448 678 460 178 Military Construction ... 276 283 436 Family Housing ... -132 -465 -75 -102 160 -55 Revolving and Management Funds ... -348 -264 -315 -202 804 14 -23 -39 -48 -100 -52 -72 -64 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 41 59 21 Total Current Dollars ... 25,033 11,552 14,732 20,958 25,222 11,476 9,453 10,145 12,011 9,533 11,248 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 63,017 62,671 62,062 66,493 81,885 88,425 90,489 Military Personnel ... 58,140 58,012 58,774 65,642 33,916 34,395 31,258 37,837 52,955 57,626 55,992 Operation and Maintenance ... 34,084 32,514 32,314 32,204 35,533 12,227 11,739 17,178 27,252 34,987 15,558 9,545 8,754 8,795 Procurement ... 16,075 9,222 9,679 9,538 9,437 9,616 10,690 9,149 9,429 RDT&E ... 7,060 7,779 8,706 1,286 1,321 2,237 2,863 4,125 2,747 Military Construction ... 3,105 2,053 1,938 1,696 1,559 Family Housing ... -1,990 -669 1,010 -336 4,745 -1,325 -2,109 -1,756 Revolving and Management Funds ... -880 -497 -3,081 -152 -257 -313 -632 -320 -424 -368 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 273 395 92 140 Total Constant Dollars ... 115,073 133,739 174,989 198,633 191,832 120,913 122,031 109,700 107,399 110,044 120,774 Percent Real Growth (%) 11.7 -0.5 7.1 23.1 8.0 2.3 -1.0 1.3 -0.2 -7.0 Military Personnel ... -4.0 -1.4 -5.0 -2.9 21.0 40.0 8.8 -2.8 Operation and Maintenance ... -0.6 -4.6 -0.6 6.4 31.5 28.1 46.3 58.7 28.4 1.6 9.0 -0.5 -4.3 Procurement ... -3.2 -24.5 5.9 5.0 1.9 11.2 -14.4 3.1 -1.1 11.9 10.2 13.3 RDT&E ... -1.5 2.7 28.5 -8.1 43.5 28.0 44.1 -33.4 Military Construction ... 8.8 -33.9 -5.6 -33.7 Total Real Growth ... 2.5 -4.8 16.2 30.8 13.5 -3.4 10.9 -1.0 -2.1 -2.0 0.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-22 224

232 Table 6-22: ARMY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 9,005 9,271 9,515 9,888 10,450 10,943 11,988 9,701 Military Personnel ... 8,535 9,399 8,733 7,039 7,554 8,637 9,617 10,365 11,894 7,443 7,879 Operation and Maintenance ... 7,545 6,939 7,926 2,781 2,784 2,622 3,224 4,465 5,423 1,353 3,894 4,357 5,206 Procurement ... 2,515 2,190 RDT&E ... 1,842 2,069 2,342 2,409 2,707 1,665 1,569 1,779 1,912 1,964 421 624 915 755 737 702 955 693 Military Construction ... 423 502 458 Family Housing ... -347 13 39 -54 15 -181 Revolving and Management Funds ... -54 -113 -146 -17 109 -42 -57 -38 -99 -66 -170 -222 -312 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -48 -48 -56 Total Current Dollars ... 32,601 21,398 23,919 26,019 28,770 21,395 23,077 22,596 21,920 24,749 20,185 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 55,243 54,283 52,786 52,032 51,393 51,018 51,673 Military Personnel ... 86,578 79,009 66,797 57,478 36,031 38,415 34,184 34,333 35,216 35,746 36,724 Operation and Maintenance ... 50,293 44,961 43,553 34,964 15,616 14,394 5,359 9,880 11,374 14,377 10,863 20,054 23,157 28,992 Procurement ... 13,908 9,741 10,385 8,388 7,254 7,488 7,875 7,411 7,574 RDT&E ... 9,794 8,776 9,473 2,112 3,214 2,686 2,453 2,178 2,670 Military Construction ... 2,653 2,735 2,215 2,526 3,488 Family Housing ... -143 -200 53 -580 320 -84 -766 -624 Revolving and Management Funds ... -1,690 154 58 -262 -150 -366 -228 -545 -653 -830 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -262 -252 -215 -271 Total Constant Dollars ... 102,505 106,243 107,186 110,399 113,285 111,027 120,178 177,425 157,620 141,794 118,577 Percent Real Growth (%) -14.0 -1.7 -1.4 -1.2 -0.7 1.3 -2.8 -15.5 -8.7 -4.3 Military Personnel ... -3.9 -6.2 -3.0 -2.2 0.4 2.6 1.5 2.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -10.2 -10.6 -3.1 -11.8 -3.4 -28.2 84.4 15.1 26.4 8.6 -13.4 -20.1 -18.4 Procurement ... -21.9 -50.7 2.8 6.6 3.2 5.2 -5.9 2.2 -13.5 7.9 -10.4 3.9 RDT&E ... -19.2 52.2 -21.4 38.1 -23.0 -8.7 -11.2 22.6 Military Construction ... -3.4 3.1 -19.0 -4.6 Total Real Growth ... -10.0 -7.7 3.6 0.9 3.0 2.6 -15.2 -1.3 -11.2 -7.5 -6.4 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-22 225

233 Table 6-22: ARMY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 17,439 27,634 27,273 29,196 31,019 28,973 32,489 13,977 18,327 Military Personnel ... 16,457 26,212 18,362 19,452 24,762 25,282 26,770 35,550 22,259 Operation and Maintenance ... 13,204 15,724 17,292 21,040 15,145 15,047 15,886 15,690 15,983 14,659 15,008 Procurement ... 6,701 8,386 11,442 13,577 3,812 3,950 4,721 4,624 4,966 5,513 5,559 RDT&E ... 2,958 3,230 3,658 3,984 878 963 1,979 1,712 1,423 1,252 1,519 954 878 803 Military Construction ... 1,133 1,012 1,158 1,345 1,445 1,524 1,573 1,734 1,565 Family Housing ... 640 785 874 -21 -95 817 479 213 113 -357 -9 Revolving and Management Funds ... 136 20 -159 -303 -199 -187 -294 -239 -331 -386 -800 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -183 -117 -279 ... Total Current Dollars 90,654 73,855 77,427 80,121 78,213 51,520 45,281 37,620 55,655 71,107 66,708 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 69,531 70,461 68,904 70,310 71,681 Military Personnel ... 70,559 52,779 53,699 54,005 54,345 67,254 44,675 48,045 48,903 51,748 50,359 50,976 62,916 Operation and Maintenance ... 37,003 41,499 43,464 45,908 24,404 30,298 30,101 28,864 28,218 24,861 29,282 25,154 19,678 17,536 Procurement ... 28,084 8,392 8,476 8,484 9,632 9,115 9,334 9,907 9,606 RDT&E ... 7,500 7,686 8,346 2,238 2,508 3,294 2,647 2,234 1,530 Military Construction ... 2,068 2,162 2,290 3,198 3,958 2,806 2,689 2,845 3,004 2,590 2,376 2,873 2,152 1,910 1,753 1,539 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 908 391 199 -605 -15 326 45 -45 -196 -317 1,590 -367 -542 -354 -540 -422 -561 -627 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,922 -443 -252 -626 Total Constant Dollars ... 164,857 166,055 164,862 157,071 170,963 163,207 139,063 116,829 126,079 134,873 158,415 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.6 1.3 2.0 1.9 -6.2 4.9 -2.2 0.6 1.7 2.1 Military Personnel ... 27.9 2.8 4.7 1.8 5.8 -2.7 1.2 23.4 Operation and Maintenance ... 0.8 12.1 4.7 2.8 7.9 11.6 -4.1 -2.2 -11.9 -1.8 27.8 12.2 12.3 Procurement ... -3.4 2.8 0.5 1.0 -5.4 2.4 6.1 -3.0 13.5 8.6 2.5 -1.0 RDT&E ... 0.1 12.1 27.5 23.8 -16.8 -19.6 -15.6 -31.5 Military Construction ... -22.5 4.5 5.9 -2.3 Total Real Growth ... 7.0 1.0 0.7 -0.7 -4.7 8.8 3.1 13.9 7.9 3.1 3.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-22 226

234 Table 6-22: ARMY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 27,991 25,799 25,809 26,038 28,706 27,871 32,533 31,937 26,752 Military Personnel ... 28,476 24,439 22,450 22,466 23,711 25,719 27,017 29,923 22,498 Operation and Maintenance ... 26,397 23,879 21,024 23,067 7,780 8,678 8,866 9,194 9,204 10,476 11,567 Procurement ... 13,132 11,622 8,495 7,855 5,081 4,925 4,881 5,027 4,778 5,749 6,569 RDT&E ... 5,978 6,218 5,746 4,859 1,470 1,002 1,426 1,017 1,032 1,363 1,340 958 1,097 832 Military Construction ... 1,079 1,228 1,312 1,392 1,288 1,255 1,169 1,137 1,157 Family Housing ... 1,550 1,354 1,289 76 36 202 -57 -273 125 385 287 Revolving and Management Funds ... -91 195 96 -324 -257 -125 -195 -117 -144 -182 -233 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -416 -230 -478 ... Total Current Dollars 83,324 64,586 65,773 70,617 73,854 65,350 72,584 79,501 64,079 64,857 61,682 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 46,897 47,520 45,484 44,609 46,495 Military Personnel ... 48,380 67,686 57,963 55,105 51,749 44,134 37,480 36,517 34,780 35,487 37,677 38,300 41,638 Operation and Maintenance ... 47,075 41,269 36,017 36,584 15,630 11,313 12,576 12,938 12,774 14,269 12,397 12,839 17,917 20,732 Procurement ... 11,652 8,034 7,611 7,372 7,239 7,344 6,825 7,997 8,963 RDT&E ... 9,965 10,064 9,226 1,570 1,658 1,474 1,468 1,892 2,003 Military Construction ... 1,406 1,774 1,539 1,980 2,087 1,845 2,010 1,635 1,558 1,570 1,941 1,780 1,863 1,984 2,138 2,497 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... -80 -385 174 524 387 -143 300 115 54 140 288 -605 -683 -178 -275 -162 -196 -245 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -368 -395 -348 -481 Total Constant Dollars ... 103,753 102,973 106,887 108,478 118,324 107,401 111,921 148,849 131,030 116,478 105,539 Percent Real Growth (%) -6.1 1.3 -1.9 4.2 -5.1 9.6 -4.3 -4.9 -14.4 -4.1 Military Personnel ... -9.4 -2.4 -0.2 -4.8 2.0 6.2 1.7 8.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -25.2 -12.3 -12.7 4.1 -2.9 -9.2 2.9 -1.3 11.7 9.5 -28.3 -13.6 -15.0 Procurement ... 9.6 1.4 -12.9 -5.3 1.5 -7.1 17.2 12.1 -1.8 -8.3 1.0 3.7 RDT&E ... -3.1 5.6 19.4 5.4 -29.4 -0.4 28.8 5.9 Military Construction ... -8.1 26.2 -13.3 2.0 Total Real Growth ... -11.1 -3.4 -0.8 3.8 1.5 9.1 -3.9 -5.7 -12.0 -12.9 1.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-22 227

235 Table 6-22: ARMY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 54,870 61,138 66,024 69,544 71,865 65,321 64,108 42,675 54,036 Military Personnel ... 47,340 55,907 72,968 79,716 101,217 106,568 96,124 84,401 98,942 Operation and Maintenance ... 40,907 56,916 66,487 93,709 28,756 40,169 46,945 47,358 40,798 36,562 29,668 Procurement ... 12,527 13,702 17,860 22,356 10,846 11,364 11,764 10,714 10,079 8,931 8,352 RDT&E ... 7,041 8,302 9,702 11,285 4,632 2,536 7,989 9,938 8,847 5,635 5,662 2,108 2,148 1,940 Military Construction ... 3,524 1,173 1,155 1,149 717 671 666 617 430 Family Housing ... 1,249 1,292 1,224 -201 219 -418 256 -689 -738 -419 191 Revolving and Management Funds ... -1,019 -615 -910 -777 -47 -253 -127 -860 833 -851 -73 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -98 63 -129 ... Total Current Dollars 190,931 232,384 238,625 237,225 213,604 152,113 129,039 105,248 163,357 212,565 179,413 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 71,563 75,723 79,086 81,211 82,487 Military Personnel ... 71,033 61,748 66,522 74,197 71,112 73,757 89,760 109,570 113,887 114,901 118,805 105,263 91,244 Operation and Maintenance ... 55,717 75,117 84,503 95,632 32,376 34,650 54,425 54,468 46,003 40,496 47,268 22,786 17,972 16,759 Procurement ... 27,666 13,354 13,645 13,183 13,481 12,240 11,229 9,812 9,075 RDT&E ... 9,457 10,874 12,321 3,121 4,235 11,421 9,932 6,215 5,043 Military Construction ... 2,595 2,808 2,676 6,640 9,219 828 1,348 748 683 468 1,390 767 1,449 1,560 1,698 1,677 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 297 -793 -832 -466 209 -1,364 -807 -257 272 -1,096 -492 -118 -151 -294 -147 -970 923 -929 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -98 -61 81 -961 Total Constant Dollars ... 270,930 274,067 267,402 236,684 208,518 253,089 205,772 146,491 174,123 197,867 219,900 Percent Real Growth (%) -4.2 5.8 2.7 1.6 -10.6 -3.7 4.4 11.5 7.7 27.6 Military Personnel ... 0.6 6.5 14.6 3.9 0.9 3.4 -11.4 -13.3 Operation and Maintenance ... 33.8 34.8 12.5 6.2 25.2 21.4 0.1 -15.5 -12.0 -20.1 26.8 7.2 7.2 Procurement ... 36.4 15.1 8.4 2.2 -9.2 -8.3 -12.6 -7.5 2.3 13.3 15.0 5.5 RDT&E ... -3.4 35.7 56.8 38.8 23.9 -13.0 -37.4 -18.9 Military Construction ... 29.6 8.2 -4.7 16.7 Total Real Growth ... 13.6 7.0 1.2 -2.4 -11.5 -11.9 4.0 6.9 18.9 23.8 15.1 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-22 228

236 Table 6-22: ARMY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 58,872 62,699 62,451 64,591 66,300 67,801 61,492 57,211 Military Personnel ... 59,054 57,062 Operation and Maintenance ... 67,888 56,633 56,074 57,213 63,694 66,844 70,249 68,319 64,311 76,344 19,253 21,532 24,652 23,931 23,830 23,845 Procurement ... 23,420 19,170 17,637 17,576 7,630 10,122 9,830 10,095 9,218 8,687 RDT&E ... 7,966 7,281 7,516 10,076 1,981 1,889 3,187 3,050 2,674 2,349 3,223 2,435 3,457 Military Construction ... 2,307 410 414 511 526 565 536 500 Family Housing ... 440 400 366 -203 -291 47 753 1,313 671 30 Revolving and Management Funds ... -356 -291 276 120 -977 -109 -109 -109 -104 -478 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -88 -387 -109 ... Total Current Dollars 155,393 168,134 160,069 159,194 160,321 150,093 166,190 148,240 174,324 157,234 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 58,455 62,699 61,102 61,852 62,134 Military Personnel ... 67,190 63,810 62,757 59,874 62,185 65,756 76,344 65,681 54,563 52,952 52,949 Operation and Maintenance ... 74,857 72,135 67,608 68,822 18,534 19,580 24,192 23,024 22,478 22,051 21,532 20,387 25,180 Procurement ... 18,161 7,862 10,268 10,076 9,655 9,719 8,699 8,036 RDT&E ... 8,546 7,726 7,882 1,951 2,340 2,936 2,523 2,173 Military Construction ... 3,712 2,586 2,079 3,223 3,130 423 511 506 462 421 516 543 385 425 473 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 739 1,264 633 28 -383 -310 -214 -300 281 47 -90 -109 -107 -104 -102 -96 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -514 -1,038 -407 124 Total Constant Dollars ... 164,908 153,796 149,822 147,787 174,324 153,850 179,061 165,720 158,624 160,077 Percent Real Growth (%) -1.7 7.3 1.2 0.5 0.1 -4.6 -2.5 -5.0 -5.4 Military Personnel ... -2.4 4.7 10.9 -14.0 -16.9 -3.0 0.0 Operation and Maintenance ... -18.0 -3.6 -6.3 -2.7 7.8 -2.0 -4.8 -2.4 -1.9 -9.1 -19.0 -22.2 Procurement ... 10.0 12.4 2.0 30.6 0.7 -10.5 -7.6 -0.2 -4.2 -9.6 -5.8 RDT&E ... -1.9 20.0 37.7 -2.9 -6.2 -14.1 -13.9 Military Construction ... -26.4 -30.3 -19.6 -6.2 Total Real Growth ... -4.3 -5.4 -6.7 -2.6 -1.4 -3.0 8.9 4.0 -7.5 -14.1 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-22 229

237 Table 6-23: NAVY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,583 3,385 3,210 3,066 3,156 3,184 3,189 1,509 2,112 Military Personnel ... 1,478 3,086 2,082 3,091 2,520 2,316 2,628 2,602 2,577 2,915 Operation and Maintenance ... 1,414 1,585 1,415 2,654 4,253 4,699 3,489 3,559 3,590 Procurement ... 1,042 1,020 878 1,246 4,048 488 521 583 667 747 517 332 234 168 RDT&E ... 827 124 380 489 363 235 279 374 391 Military Construction ... 76 74 85 Family Housing ... -314 -69 -76 -206 -90 -125 462 112 Revolving and Management Funds ... -85 -54 -49 -93 -123 -131 -114 76 -56 -205 -75 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -364 ... Total Current Dollars 10,112 11,616 11,208 9,694 9,641 10,318 11,009 3,845 3,952 4,035 5,528 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 31,439 59,222 56,852 52,779 51,786 52,858 50,075 Military Personnel ... 32,045 40,751 31,426 58,001 30,247 39,697 35,627 33,536 30,515 31,906 39,764 21,891 24,682 23,830 Operation and Maintenance ... 30,173 13,461 28,034 43,682 48,356 35,077 33,879 31,608 35,157 Procurement ... 11,854 10,996 9,926 4,968 5,211 5,970 6,186 6,687 RDT&E ... 2,039 2,539 3,531 5,317 5,569 Military Construction ... 4,078 2,148 2,657 2,752 3,214 1,906 703 645 753 3,088 1,081 Family Housing ... 3,773 -583 -620 -849 -569 -1,524 -2,480 -734 Revolving and Management Funds ... 904 -398 -451 -765 -949 -971 -785 517 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -3,246 -1,723 -648 -427 Total Constant Dollars ... 147,906 127,334 121,804 123,811 124,587 152,409 86,089 67,225 66,026 137,288 65,166 Percent Real Growth (%) 29.6 -4.0 -1.9 2.1 -5.3 2.1 -7.2 0.0 -1.9 Military Personnel ... 42.3 0.2 -10.4 -5.9 -9.0 4.6 -5.2 Operation and Maintenance ... 3.6 -11.3 37.8 31.6 55.8 108.3 -3.4 -6.7 11.2 35.6 -9.7 -7.2 Procurement ... 10.7 -27.5 39.1 4.9 7.2 3.6 8.1 40.7 4.7 0.0 0.0 RDT&E ... 2.0 26.9 -24.3 -38.3 12.7 23.7 3.6 Military Construction ... -8.2 16.7 43.6 197.3 Total Real Growth ... -1.3 -13.9 -4.3 1.6 0.6 59.5 32.1 11.0 -1.8 -3.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-23 230

238 Table 6-23: NAVY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 3,252 3,833 4,021 4,639 5,232 5,721 6,143 3,280 Military Personnel ... 3,417 3,226 3,486 3,055 2,709 4,057 5,058 5,164 5,757 2,664 2,728 Operation and Maintenance ... 3,071 2,953 3,370 5,215 6,584 5,237 6,485 7,992 8,523 4,933 4,641 4,086 4,196 Procurement ... 6,042 1,429 RDT&E ... 1,294 1,407 1,791 2,003 2,045 1,148 1,457 1,435 1,364 1,578 145 190 252 452 523 93 425 196 Military Construction ... 277 290 342 Family Housing ... 68 -745 -195 -470 235 202 Revolving and Management Funds ... -350 69 -78 -99 1,134 19 -32 -54 -60 -65 -45 -35 -38 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 72 82 30 Total Current Dollars ... 22,505 13,339 15,962 19,246 22,072 13,973 11,726 12,234 14,466 11,835 13,191 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 50,220 51,178 51,894 54,950 59,049 61,151 61,912 Military Personnel ... 48,590 47,245 47,164 49,938 28,863 29,295 29,775 33,942 40,269 40,397 42,279 Operation and Maintenance ... 29,850 28,401 27,149 28,726 56,873 46,805 41,793 41,053 47,089 54,408 52,567 42,328 38,805 38,168 Procurement ... 59,101 10,096 10,475 11,449 9,424 9,899 11,984 12,949 12,854 RDT&E ... 8,750 10,867 10,468 1,025 1,370 2,925 3,272 653 2,532 Military Construction ... 2,376 2,036 1,897 1,323 1,711 Family Housing ... -2,002 -3,068 1,484 1,234 6,692 -649 -526 456 Revolving and Management Funds ... 450 -1,285 -4,936 -212 -356 -392 -411 -275 -205 -219 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 479 550 125 199 Total Constant Dollars ... 131,137 143,843 162,623 176,045 174,229 143,602 137,809 128,669 127,378 128,481 144,882 Percent Real Growth (%) 5.9 1.9 5.9 7.5 3.6 1.2 1.4 -0.2 -2.8 -3.0 Military Personnel ... 0.6 -1.5 -0.5 3.7 14.0 18.6 0.3 4.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -1.3 -4.9 -4.4 7.9 26.3 10.6 -1.8 14.7 15.5 4.5 9.1 1.7 8.6 Procurement ... -11.1 -20.5 -3.6 3.8 5.0 21.1 8.1 -0.7 -17.7 -3.7 24.2 30.8 RDT&E ... 9.3 33.7 -3.4 29.3 71.0 11.9 -80.1 287.9 Military Construction ... -13.7 -14.3 -6.8 -46.0 Total Real Growth ... 0.9 -8.7 9.7 13.1 8.3 -1.0 7.3 5.1 -1.0 3.3 -0.9 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-23 231

239 Table 6-23: NAVY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 6,748 7,883 7,899 8,182 8,689 9,117 9,838 6,671 Military Personnel ... 7,194 6,407 7,337 6,511 5,689 9,895 11,266 12,302 15,569 5,493 5,553 Operation and Maintenance ... 8,044 5,687 8,712 7,028 7,027 8,484 9,197 11,797 12,394 8,032 7,135 7,300 7,945 Procurement ... 8,057 2,623 RDT&E ... 3,215 3,481 3,825 3,826 4,381 2,084 2,405 2,427 2,404 3,021 395 517 675 692 634 760 805 414 Military Construction ... 343 310 333 Family Housing ... -202 110 -87 -25 98 -62 Revolving and Management Funds ... -161 -45 166 27 117 -33 -38 -41 -45 -57 -26 -106 -117 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -35 -30 -35 Total Current Dollars ... 42,710 28,462 30,775 33,524 37,813 23,984 22,051 22,336 27,393 22,505 22,470 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 45,505 45,114 43,144 42,172 41,794 41,289 41,431 Military Personnel ... 59,598 53,448 49,479 47,599 35,183 34,153 38,715 40,428 42,206 43,740 46,721 Operation and Maintenance ... 38,442 35,722 35,787 38,946 36,929 38,055 33,770 33,125 33,352 39,169 36,581 40,480 44,002 50,554 Procurement ... 35,129 12,167 12,463 12,577 12,460 12,435 12,690 11,286 11,689 RDT&E ... 12,352 13,405 12,923 1,953 1,925 2,423 2,078 2,278 2,191 Military Construction ... 1,905 1,684 1,783 2,099 2,552 Family Housing ... -428 -92 336 -198 345 135 872 -248 Revolving and Management Funds ... -985 -346 505 -175 -163 -169 -195 -82 -312 -310 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -193 -157 -166 -169 Total Constant Dollars ... 130,381 130,723 131,839 137,794 138,222 134,809 132,774 162,410 148,977 140,420 130,535 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.8 -0.9 -2.3 -0.9 -1.2 0.3 -4.4 -7.4 -10.3 -3.7 Military Personnel ... -4.4 3.0 10.7 -0.6 4.4 4.4 3.6 6.8 Operation and Maintenance ... -9.1 -7.1 0.2 -4.6 -7.7 -6.0 -1.9 0.7 17.4 -5.7 -8.0 -13.0 -11.1 Procurement ... 4.1 -7.7 -5.8 2.4 -0.2 2.0 -11.1 3.6 -0.9 -3.6 8.5 -3.9 RDT&E ... 0.9 -1.4 9.1 21.5 -5.1 -14.2 9.7 -3.8 Military Construction ... -24.8 -11.6 5.9 9.6 Total Real Growth ... -5.7 -3.3 0.3 0.9 4.5 0.3 -5.4 -1.7 -8.3 -6.8 3.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-23 232

240 Table 6-23: NAVY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 15,032 23,566 24,008 25,795 27,102 25,962 28,184 11,951 15,709 Military Personnel ... 13,644 22,259 23,488 25,461 28,358 29,422 28,188 31,027 24,893 Operation and Maintenance ... 18,419 20,973 22,659 25,002 25,750 27,814 29,201 28,800 32,908 32,617 34,294 Procurement ... 14,785 17,867 21,831 23,989 6,662 8,054 9,176 8,828 9,291 9,160 7,586 RDT&E ... 4,783 5,240 5,854 9,667 871 1,053 1,569 1,756 1,535 1,438 1,395 992 808 642 Military Construction ... 1,267 614 674 636 625 644 736 804 797 Family Housing ... 510 578 560 579 -424 590 1,522 478 159 -274 -383 Revolving and Management Funds ... 23 192 706 -172 -61 -181 -90 20 -170 -196 -630 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 26 -104 -177 ... Total Current Dollars 102,180 90,813 94,570 101,171 97,725 67,402 59,242 50,482 70,920 88,492 84,197 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 59,394 60,713 60,417 61,836 62,736 Military Personnel ... 61,458 43,435 43,804 46,001 46,048 59,923 56,962 58,641 56,795 61,724 61,273 57,268 57,908 Operation and Maintenance ... 49,480 53,148 55,824 60,082 55,764 51,514 55,332 52,982 58,101 55,317 54,127 47,712 42,231 39,514 Procurement ... 49,623 13,838 16,172 18,878 17,445 16,290 16,450 15,583 12,384 RDT&E ... 11,539 11,759 12,627 2,250 2,607 3,300 2,774 2,501 1,475 Military Construction ... 1,597 1,869 2,199 2,796 3,043 1,193 1,245 1,312 1,377 1,303 1,355 1,197 1,274 1,202 1,292 1,225 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,884 880 280 -465 -623 55 428 1,243 -876 1,412 1,148 52 -345 -343 -165 34 -288 -318 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -1,513 -135 -224 -355 Total Constant Dollars ... 196,766 198,043 202,960 191,216 189,351 197,203 168,763 145,331 154,396 166,586 192,587 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.1 2.2 2.3 1.5 -4.5 2.6 -0.5 5.0 0.8 4.8 Military Personnel ... 29.0 5.5 -2.4 -3.1 8.7 -0.7 -6.5 1.1 Operation and Maintenance ... 5.9 7.4 5.0 2.0 3.8 4.0 -4.2 9.7 -4.8 0.8 13.0 6.9 7.0 Procurement ... 5.1 2.2 9.6 16.9 -6.6 1.0 -5.3 -20.5 -7.6 7.4 1.9 -1.3 RDT&E ... 16.7 15.9 7.2 8.8 8.4 -15.9 -9.8 -41.0 Military Construction ... -27.1 17.0 17.7 2.3 Total Real Growth ... 7.9 -0.2 0.6 2.5 -5.8 -1.0 1.3 14.1 6.2 5.1 2.4 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-23 233

241 Table 6-23: NAVY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 26,442 24,773 24,116 24,341 26,455 26,198 30,124 28,226 25,722 Military Personnel ... 27,278 23,849 25,900 22,403 24,630 28,143 29,013 31,435 25,002 Operation and Maintenance ... 27,165 27,002 23,015 25,064 19,239 18,303 18,228 18,351 20,960 22,603 24,203 Procurement ... 31,976 29,991 26,534 23,083 9,230 9,404 7,837 8,052 8,857 9,462 10,359 RDT&E ... 7,826 8,944 7,990 8,220 1,236 806 1,672 722 855 1,295 1,842 814 926 1,090 Military Construction ... 1,455 1,161 1,368 1,377 1,429 1,330 1,185 1,194 1,283 Family Housing ... 787 880 831 457 659 2,637 1,133 1,115 1,087 837 87 Revolving and Management Funds ... -3 96 1,507 -650 -203 -1,368 58 -337 -157 -179 -209 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 362 -155 -119 ... Total Current Dollars 98,547 78,047 78,598 87,204 90,444 85,927 94,914 96,858 85,910 82,098 79,587 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 45,478 45,454 42,416 41,502 42,768 Military Personnel ... 44,755 59,822 55,434 52,271 49,525 41,284 43,777 40,531 39,393 38,912 43,000 42,301 45,070 Operation and Maintenance ... 50,690 48,826 40,129 37,720 32,703 27,978 25,857 25,825 29,090 30,785 26,146 40,106 46,237 50,481 Procurement ... 34,239 13,911 13,873 11,913 11,257 11,552 12,445 13,005 14,062 RDT&E ... 12,405 14,273 12,315 1,240 2,164 1,049 1,211 1,781 1,678 Military Construction ... 1,772 1,478 1,274 2,681 2,412 2,041 1,979 1,660 1,637 1,747 2,000 1,883 1,735 1,266 1,369 1,255 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,607 1,569 1,508 1,140 117 -4 148 690 978 2,192 3,768 527 -170 -1,941 81 -468 -214 -241 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -330 -313 -234 -965 Total Constant Dollars ... 123,041 122,373 131,213 131,719 139,890 132,302 144,440 176,090 167,451 147,816 131,933 Percent Real Growth (%) -5.3 -0.1 -2.2 3.0 -3.5 8.4 -6.7 -5.7 -7.3 -2.7 Military Personnel ... -8.2 -13.8 7.5 -2.8 -1.2 10.5 -1.6 6.5 Operation and Maintenance ... -12.5 -3.7 -17.8 9.1 -18.3 -14.6 -0.1 12.6 5.8 6.2 -13.3 -8.4 -9.5 Procurement ... -6.5 -1.1 13.0 -0.3 2.6 7.7 4.5 8.1 -5.5 -13.7 15.1 0.2 RDT&E ... -14.1 74.5 23.9 -10.0 -56.5 15.5 47.1 -5.8 Military Construction ... 20.1 -16.6 -13.8 -2.6 Total Real Growth ... -11.7 -7.0 -0.5 7.2 0.4 6.2 -2.3 -8.7 -4.9 -7.0 0.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-23 234

242 Table 6-23: NAVY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 39,701 42,937 44,463 46,283 48,132 46,551 44,642 35,630 39,920 Military Personnel ... 36,631 39,711 42,179 43,720 52,769 56,150 57,266 54,063 50,218 Operation and Maintenance ... 36,471 37,935 39,256 48,953 32,982 37,679 39,810 42,425 42,894 42,079 41,720 Procurement ... 25,097 27,243 27,974 30,031 17,423 18,752 19,411 19,201 18,196 16,805 15,555 RDT&E ... 12,193 14,136 16,039 18,563 2,775 1,322 2,507 3,943 3,630 3,310 1,973 1,357 1,582 1,185 Military Construction ... 1,586 750 646 525 496 442 483 448 417 Family Housing ... 1,226 1,090 938 719 804 1,891 1,258 1,925 1,318 1,426 1,053 Revolving and Management Funds ... 428 1,437 1,971 -162 326 -57 -104 66 -202 -66 -213 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -229 104 -61 ... Total Current Dollars 160,158 158,108 166,883 170,868 167,682 126,088 120,381 112,017 132,267 152,459 139,141 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 50,912 53,115 53,288 54,053 55,241 Military Personnel ... 49,442 51,582 51,411 53,880 52,511 52,508 51,792 56,299 57,746 59,212 61,250 61,301 57,373 Operation and Maintenance ... 51,765 51,918 50,154 52,373 45,528 39,743 46,153 48,794 48,366 46,608 44,338 35,691 35,731 33,576 Procurement ... 37,163 21,512 22,555 21,676 22,275 21,765 20,261 18,416 16,909 RDT&E ... 16,326 18,537 20,448 1,628 1,905 4,535 4,093 3,666 3,028 Military Construction ... 1,585 2,070 1,724 2,312 2,888 573 616 542 495 454 777 505 926 1,194 1,444 1,659 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,459 2,196 1,486 1,559 1,150 573 1,885 917 995 2,375 2,225 -276 -72 -66 -120 74 -224 -72 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -285 428 133 -200 Total Constant Dollars ... 184,317 190,939 191,313 184,329 173,811 180,511 166,326 156,780 163,423 164,141 170,364 Percent Real Growth (%) -2.5 4.3 1.4 2.2 -4.9 -5.8 0.3 4.8 -0.3 15.3 Military Personnel ... -3.0 1.1 7.5 2.6 2.5 3.4 0.1 -6.4 Operation and Maintenance ... 14.9 0.3 -3.4 3.3 6.9 4.1 5.7 -0.9 -3.6 -2.3 -0.1 6.4 2.7 Procurement ... 11.6 4.1 5.2 4.8 -2.3 -6.9 -9.1 -8.2 2.8 10.3 13.5 16.1 RDT&E ... -3.9 17.0 21.4 24.9 57.0 -9.7 -10.4 -17.4 Military Construction ... -5.5 30.6 -16.7 -5.6 Total Real Growth ... 0.4 2.1 3.6 0.2 -3.7 -5.7 1.3 2.4 4.2 12.1 6.0 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-23 235

243 Table 6-23: NAVY OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 47,001 49,748 51,199 52,810 54,378 55,966 45,646 45,883 Military Personnel ... 45,794 45,495 Operation and Maintenance ... 58,896 58,697 60,618 61,526 54,674 59,896 53,741 54,332 54,617 60,273 40,781 45,628 52,768 57,300 60,023 62,707 Procurement ... 41,928 40,616 41,368 40,650 17,314 16,810 18,440 17,203 15,440 14,573 RDT&E ... 15,497 16,160 16,755 18,298 1,596 1,535 1,828 2,244 2,280 2,368 2,177 1,867 2,090 Military Construction ... 1,692 366 308 410 394 415 432 456 Family Housing ... 362 357 373 -3 -257 66 -752 -960 -1,001 -1,022 Revolving and Management Funds ... 1,094 584 -487 -117 -164 -289 -289 -289 -294 -205 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -275 -13 -289 ... Total Current Dollars 159,546 183,484 187,419 191,881 196,279 161,694 160,153 160,047 176,312 163,221 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 46,596 49,748 50,101 50,583 50,981 Military Personnel ... 49,842 49,442 50,065 47,983 51,355 56,586 60,273 58,924 56,635 57,324 57,015 Operation and Maintenance ... 56,482 56,537 57,664 59,643 43,471 41,474 51,784 55,129 56,616 57,988 45,628 43,193 45,079 Procurement ... 42,003 17,846 17,027 18,298 18,119 16,568 14,575 13,482 RDT&E ... 16,631 17,157 17,578 1,585 1,721 2,159 2,151 2,190 Military Construction ... 2,247 1,986 1,677 2,177 1,794 378 410 408 422 313 387 399 392 380 389 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... -738 -924 -944 -945 1,176 621 -4 -266 -495 66 -280 -289 -283 -278 -272 -272 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -221 -175 -14 -121 Total Constant Dollars ... 180,086 180,272 180,838 181,236 176,312 165,994 171,626 169,142 170,830 165,999 Percent Real Growth (%) 1.3 6.8 1.0 0.8 0.7 -4.2 0.7 -0.8 0.8 Military Personnel ... -2.9 5.4 1.1 -2.2 -3.9 1.2 -0.5 Operation and Maintenance ... -1.6 0.1 2.0 -1.9 -1.3 -3.4 6.5 2.7 2.4 0.6 -4.2 -1.0 Procurement ... 10.0 13.5 2.5 -4.6 -8.6 -12.0 -7.5 1.5 -1.0 3.2 -1.6 RDT&E ... 7.5 8.6 26.5 -17.6 20.3 -0.4 1.8 Military Construction ... -25.8 -11.6 -15.5 -5.5 Total Real Growth ... 1.0 2.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 -2.8 6.2 0.0 -1.4 -1.3 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-23 236

244 Table 6-24: AIR FORCE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1952 FY 1953 FY 1954 FY 1955 FY 1956 FY 1957 FY 1958 FY 1948 FY 1951 FY 1949 FY 1950 Current Dollars 1,335 3,431 3,226 3,548 3,844 3,793 3,905 1,020 1,798 Military Personnel ... 1,213 3,035 1,845 3,174 2,777 3,760 3,978 3,951 3,152 3,280 Operation and Maintenance ... 1,023 1,229 972 4,667 6,699 7,190 7,872 6,186 6,812 Procurement ... 764 1,085 1,219 2,118 6,856 333 945 1,098 1,165 1,704 2,489 630 62 202 154 RDT&E ... 2,674 251 1,096 920 956 1,063 1,358 1,122 967 Military Construction ... 32 58 4 Family Housing ... -8 54 -83 -105 152 -14 4 -66 Revolving and Management Funds ... 108 -62 -61 -88 -116 -134 -111 71 -72 -186 -65 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -258 ... Total Current Dollars 12,650 15,137 15,588 16,227 16,613 18,235 18,411 2,735 3,601 3,519 6,287 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 26,416 60,242 58,235 61,124 62,799 62,873 61,123 Military Personnel ... 22,366 35,234 26,439 56,704 42,787 42,477 40,620 35,625 43,545 44,042 42,060 15,722 17,788 15,928 Operation and Maintenance ... 27,380 19,256 44,358 61,713 68,543 70,109 52,473 53,969 53,750 Procurement ... 8,000 10,668 12,194 3,078 5,738 9,783 13,491 18,137 19,151 RDT&E ... 1,549 1,916 745 8,437 9,775 Military Construction ... 7,794 10,493 8,095 6,956 9,324 8,588 285 488 34 8,186 1,985 Family Housing ... 886 -636 1,045 -98 440 -779 29 -68 Revolving and Management Funds ... -535 -495 -580 -723 -895 -993 -764 483 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -2,301 -1,563 -562 -490 ... Total Constant Dollars 184,152 185,076 183,698 181,029 187,396 158,992 54,481 55,735 45,828 86,471 179,130 Percent Real Growth (%) 6.2 -3.3 5.0 2.7 0.1 -2.8 Military Personnel ... 18.2 -0.1 33.4 60.9 -1.0 55.1 22.2 1.1 -2.8 74.1 -11.6 11.7 Operation and Maintenance ... -3.4 -12.3 130.4 11.1 2.8 -0.4 39.1 2.3 -25.2 57.9 14.3 33.3 Procurement ... RDT&E ... 0.1 37.9 34.4 5.6 23.7 -61.1 313.0 86.4 47.0 15.9 -16.4 5.0 4.9 22.2 -22.9 -14.1 Military Construction ... 70.8 -93.1 5,785.8 369.8 Total Real Growth ... -2.3 -0.7 -1.5 3.5 -1.7 83.9 58.7 12.7 21.6 3.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-24 237

245 Table 6-24: AIR FORCE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 1965 FY 1966 FY 1967 FY 1968 FY 1969 FY 1959 FY 1962 FY 1960 FY 1961 Current Dollars 4,010 4,550 4,669 5,018 5,424 5,806 6,183 4,071 Military Personnel ... 4,306 3,951 4,197 4,682 4,440 5,176 5,714 6,211 7,073 4,275 4,298 Operation and Maintenance ... 4,719 4,622 4,771 7,533 7,698 6,414 8,096 9,408 9,294 5,101 7,058 7,381 7,146 Procurement ... 6,959 3,300 RDT&E ... 3,146 2,948 3,229 3,800 3,386 2,507 2,628 3,300 3,493 3,722 850 554 507 527 550 492 494 742 Military Construction ... 1,015 1,014 1,144 Family Housing ... -44 22 5 23 47 -69 Revolving and Management Funds ... -508 11 -45 -38 75 19 -32 -53 -70 -66 -33 -58 -29 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 72 85 30 Total Current Dollars ... 25,892 18,146 20,065 22,912 25,734 20,610 19,289 19,804 20,456 19,249 20,790 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 60,029 60,460 60,067 59,343 61,429 62,064 61,299 Military Personnel ... 59,669 57,923 57,566 61,650 44,333 44,489 43,009 44,837 48,065 50,840 54,921 Operation and Maintenance ... 44,213 43,439 43,026 43,748 60,016 57,900 38,562 46,715 56,176 62,436 53,128 53,100 56,398 54,324 Procurement ... 58,775 24,029 22,739 25,431 21,339 19,445 20,533 23,265 20,156 RDT&E ... 17,630 18,527 22,530 5,864 5,070 3,399 3,414 2,961 2,873 Military Construction ... 8,002 7,130 6,972 3,761 3,399 Family Housing ... -2,905 147 300 -421 440 -250 -304 70 Revolving and Management Funds ... -290 30 148 -212 -350 -457 -417 -201 -341 -164 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 479 570 125 199 Total Constant Dollars ... 166,066 173,622 188,995 201,665 196,196 186,209 193,842 184,387 183,682 183,069 190,883 Percent Real Growth (%) 7.1 0.7 -1.2 3.5 1.0 -1.2 -0.6 -0.6 -2.9 -2.4 Military Personnel ... -2.6 -0.3 -1.3 -1.7 4.2 7.2 5.8 8.0 Operation and Maintenance ... 3.3 -1.8 -0.9 3.4 1.5 9.0 21.1 20.3 11.1 -3.9 -5.8 3.8 1.1 Procurement ... -9.6 -27.4 6.7 -5.4 -8.9 5.6 13.3 -13.4 -16.1 21.6 5.1 -7.9 RDT&E ... 11.8 -13.5 -25.8 -9.6 0.0 0.4 -13.3 -3.0 Military Construction ... 15.0 -10.9 -2.2 -15.9 Total Real Growth ... -0.3 -10.8 4.6 8.9 6.7 -2.7 5.9 -1.5 -0.4 0.1 -2.4 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-24 238

246 Table 6-24: AIR FORCE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1974 FY 1975 FY 1976 FY 1977 FY 1978 FY 1979 FY 1980 FY 1970 FY 1973 FY 1971 FY 1972 Current Dollars 7,283 7,814 7,649 7,645 7,937 8,347 9,016 6,659 Military Personnel ... 7,517 6,826 7,659 7,336 7,161 9,173 9,757 10,476 13,614 6,749 6,995 Operation and Maintenance ... 8,380 6,999 8,613 5,798 5,367 6,922 7,335 8,906 10,902 6,480 6,048 7,131 8,362 Procurement ... 5,390 3,240 RDT&E ... 3,338 3,618 3,626 4,080 5,017 2,937 2,809 3,205 3,362 3,308 285 303 414 444 537 615 701 286 Military Construction ... 331 271 366 Family Housing ... -316 74 -75 -28 166 70 Revolving and Management Funds ... -28 -423 16 22 -10 -51 -33 -78 -19 -53 -44 -136 -245 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -29 -24 -18 Total Current Dollars ... 38,976 26,446 27,915 29,217 32,277 23,928 23,778 23,999 25,042 24,867 23,627 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 47,375 44,905 41,889 39,708 38,663 38,254 38,194 Military Personnel ... 59,599 56,648 53,241 49,517 40,600 43,206 39,110 38,532 37,862 37,887 39,515 Operation and Maintenance ... 51,311 46,279 46,115 41,239 32,767 31,619 27,367 26,943 26,644 29,737 24,293 34,820 42,747 52,097 Procurement ... 27,678 16,699 15,165 13,589 12,769 12,782 11,931 12,323 13,712 RDT&E ... 16,801 15,253 16,634 1,386 1,315 1,523 1,722 1,807 1,862 Military Construction ... 2,052 1,458 1,705 1,212 1,537 Family Housing ... -76 -105 568 224 -29 110 86 -2,325 Revolving and Management Funds ... -1,536 -298 341 -151 -312 -71 -181 -142 -400 -652 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -162 -124 -256 -86 Total Constant Dollars ... 122,495 119,877 116,904 119,580 125,323 124,627 140,806 179,373 162,348 152,369 132,323 Percent Real Growth (%) -7.0 -5.2 -5.2 -2.6 -1.1 -0.2 -6.7 -6.0 -5.0 -2.8 Military Personnel ... -4.3 -6.0 1.6 -5.2 -1.5 -1.7 0.1 4.3 Operation and Maintenance ... -6.6 -9.8 -0.4 -6.3 -12.5 -9.2 -1.5 -1.1 11.6 10.2 -18.5 -17.9 -13.2 Procurement ... -12.2 12.7 0.4 -9.2 0.1 -6.7 3.3 11.3 -6.0 9.1 -9.2 -16.6 RDT&E ... -10.4 -5.1 -7.8 26.8 -0.9 13.1 4.9 3.1 Military Construction ... -28.6 -28.9 16.9 -18.7 Total Real Growth ... -6.1 -1.7 -2.1 -2.5 2.3 4.8 -7.6 -6.0 -9.5 -8.6 -5.8 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-24 239

247 Table 6-24: AIR FORCE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991 FY 1981 FY 1984 FY 1982 FY 1983 Current Dollars 13,053 20,311 20,739 21,346 22,555 20,687 22,766 10,480 13,619 Military Personnel ... 12,240 19,371 19,274 20,203 23,752 24,751 25,195 27,017 20,587 Operation and Maintenance ... 16,017 17,819 19,106 21,300 28,445 32,638 33,815 30,845 30,215 30,926 29,923 Procurement ... 13,028 16,356 19,886 23,541 10,353 11,573 13,347 14,302 14,912 14,443 13,050 RDT&E ... 6,341 7,794 9,182 13,417 848 1,314 1,778 1,616 1,539 1,408 1,710 1,196 902 779 Military Construction ... 1,524 772 795 834 804 889 929 943 888 Family Housing ... 543 571 679 -112 -78 1,158 454 654 177 239 545 Revolving and Management Funds ... -15 341 389 -176 -349 -379 -344 -400 -295 -527 -2,017 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -312 -97 -181 ... Total Current Dollars 94,510 91,144 93,060 94,676 93,546 62,894 55,676 45,157 68,620 91,188 81,988 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 52,228 52,781 52,529 51,892 52,527 Military Personnel ... 49,809 39,081 39,804 40,601 40,596 48,364 46,470 50,487 48,227 53,321 53,557 53,244 50,703 Operation and Maintenance ... 41,445 43,045 45,770 48,076 48,657 56,904 64,075 56,744 53,345 52,450 63,515 44,017 39,088 35,142 Procurement ... 48,695 21,923 23,694 26,655 25,799 26,632 26,630 24,815 21,498 RDT&E ... 15,628 17,870 20,197 2,718 3,050 2,973 2,716 2,387 1,378 Military Construction ... 1,871 2,015 2,568 3,328 3,368 1,563 1,657 1,674 1,626 1,460 1,617 1,668 1,615 1,461 1,276 1,305 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 861 1,204 312 406 886 -37 761 -240 -162 779 2,253 -624 -352 -719 -633 -706 -500 -856 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -4,846 -778 -209 -364 Total Constant Dollars ... 195,703 193,801 190,055 182,793 173,534 200,324 161,493 129,590 143,082 154,165 185,723 Percent Real Growth (%) 0.0 1.1 -1.2 1.2 -7.9 3.0 -0.5 2.0 1.8 2.3 Military Personnel ... 28.7 3.5 5.0 -4.5 10.6 0.4 -0.6 -4.8 Operation and Maintenance ... 4.9 3.9 6.3 1.5 16.9 10.6 -11.4 -6.0 -1.7 -7.2 12.6 11.2 7.2 Procurement ... 11.6 0.9 8.5 8.1 3.2 0.0 -6.8 -13.4 -3.2 13.0 14.3 14.0 RDT&E ... 12.5 12.2 9.1 1.2 -11.7 -8.6 -12.1 -42.3 Military Construction ... 0.5 7.7 27.4 5.9 Total Real Growth ... 7.7 -2.3 -1.0 -1.9 -3.8 -5.1 4.8 15.0 10.4 3.4 7.9 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-24 240

248 Table 6-24: AIR FORCE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 1992 FY 1995 FY 1993 FY 1994 Current Dollars 18,704 19,151 19,051 19,124 20,789 19,908 24,146 19,377 21,007 Military Personnel ... 20,150 18,381 22,850 23,291 25,451 27,042 29,325 31,016 24,168 Operation and Maintenance ... 23,462 24,482 24,230 23,576 18,465 17,911 18,052 18,385 18,758 19,235 24,103 Procurement ... 26,774 24,915 22,849 20,582 12,052 13,056 14,499 14,171 13,840 14,276 14,228 RDT&E ... 11,998 12,338 12,513 14,040 1,420 1,330 1,737 965 894 1,412 1,425 1,218 1,169 1,163 Military Construction ... 1,312 1,079 1,104 1,156 1,054 1,029 1,000 1,096 1,079 Family Housing ... 904 964 1,107 223 -245 -317 Revolving and Management Funds ... -184 280 -327 -471 -217 -409 -247 -454 -98 -113 -290 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -231 -332 -453 ... Total Current Dollars 95,561 77,906 79,158 82,092 84,827 80,289 83,802 85,019 76,799 76,622 75,378 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 35,294 35,360 33,618 32,782 33,706 Military Personnel ... 35,882 44,932 41,010 36,923 37,706 31,534 41,078 39,432 39,095 40,478 42,201 43,165 45,100 Operation and Maintenance ... 44,578 44,434 43,647 40,378 32,568 26,852 25,608 25,873 26,034 26,198 25,585 34,536 38,411 42,269 Procurement ... 30,529 18,119 19,217 20,266 20,740 20,065 19,309 19,507 19,264 RDT&E ... 19,239 19,312 19,218 1,973 1,908 1,358 1,241 1,923 1,919 Military Construction ... 1,836 1,803 1,841 2,035 2,464 1,675 1,504 1,464 1,406 1,630 1,477 Family Housing ... 1,452 1,511 1,515 1,692 1,624 -429 -445 310 -348 -263 Revolving and Management Funds ... 394 -336 -647 -580 -347 -630 -134 -152 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -458 -335 -502 -699 Total Constant Dollars ... 122,112 122,067 123,577 123,252 135,629 123,443 130,330 153,847 146,145 137,355 124,942 Percent Real Growth (%) 2.1 0.2 -2.5 2.8 -6.4 13.8 -4.9 -10.0 -8.7 -9.8 Military Personnel ... -6.4 -1.7 -2.3 -0.9 3.5 4.3 2.3 4.5 Operation and Maintenance ... -12.1 -0.3 -1.8 -5.9 -12.0 -11.6 1.0 0.6 0.6 24.3 -10.1 -9.1 -13.1 Procurement ... -4.7 0.1 -5.7 6.1 -3.3 -3.8 1.0 -1.3 2.3 -0.5 0.4 -10.5 RDT&E ... 5.5 -3.3 6.7 21.1 -44.9 -8.6 54.9 -0.2 Military Construction ... 33.2 -1.8 2.1 7.2 Total Real Growth ... -6.0 -1.1 0.0 1.2 -0.3 10.0 -5.1 -4.1 -5.0 -11.3 -1.2 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-24 241

249 Table 6-24: AIR FORCE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2003 FY 2006 FY 2004 FY 2005 Current Dollars 31,353 32,090 33,108 35,349 36,661 35,018 35,284 28,440 31,242 Military Personnel ... 29,605 30,757 44,617 45,414 54,867 58,698 57,282 52,735 51,112 Operation and Maintenance ... 37,251 40,565 41,563 49,223 33,659 34,822 37,564 38,371 38,230 39,512 37,811 Procurement ... 27,259 31,030 32,164 33,481 20,870 22,919 26,105 26,215 25,993 25,031 24,878 RDT&E ... 17,271 19,529 20,640 24,666 1,697 1,581 3,442 2,775 2,511 1,779 2,001 1,675 1,654 1,624 Military Construction ... 1,713 1,232 1,284 1,406 1,248 1,108 1,129 892 662 Family Housing ... 1,146 1,283 1,271 -376 -137 869 -200 1,054 2 -78 -250 Revolving and Management Funds ... -1,293 -1,389 -400 -180 -115 -72 -233 -139 -175 -77 -139 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -83 -352 -94 ... Total Current Dollars 152,740 152,307 159,505 163,085 159,262 127,939 122,162 111,559 132,706 144,983 135,262 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 39,508 39,774 39,705 40,963 42,077 Military Personnel ... 39,070 41,060 41,588 42,617 41,012 39,517 54,665 55,940 58,963 61,508 63,990 61,491 54,701 Operation and Maintenance ... 53,746 56,134 53,405 54,378 41,262 40,558 43,549 44,131 43,107 43,765 40,975 41,036 40,698 36,467 Procurement ... 41,433 25,800 27,584 28,980 30,215 30,093 29,254 27,682 27,124 RDT&E ... 23,124 25,611 26,313 1,956 2,064 3,191 2,831 1,970 1,852 Military Construction ... 2,172 2,169 2,137 2,355 3,991 1,446 1,642 1,261 972 705 1,547 1,270 1,524 1,625 1,706 1,560 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... -232 1,171 3 -88 -273 -1,730 -1,822 -480 -170 -482 1,023 -100 -110 -84 -268 -157 -193 -84 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -186 -151 -449 -223 Total Constant Dollars ... 177,554 182,059 182,367 175,116 164,356 170,578 165,998 156,213 165,933 166,204 165,056 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.8 0.7 3.2 2.7 -6.1 -1.1 -0.2 2.5 1.3 14.4 Military Personnel ... -3.7 -0.5 2.9 5.4 4.3 4.0 -3.9 -11.0 Operation and Maintenance ... 19.2 4.4 -4.9 2.4 -2.1 1.0 1.3 -2.3 1.5 -5.7 0.8 11.6 12.0 Procurement ... 1.0 6.3 -1.9 6.9 -0.4 -2.8 -5.4 -2.0 4.3 2.7 10.8 20.0 RDT&E ... 5.1 5.5 14.1 69.5 -20.0 -11.3 -30.4 -6.0 Military Construction ... 13.2 -0.2 -1.5 -8.5 Total Real Growth ... 0.2 4.1 2.5 0.2 -4.0 -6.1 -0.1 -0.6 6.2 15.2 3.3 NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included. Chapter 6 Table 6-24 242

250 Table 6-24: AIR FORCE OUTLAYS BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Continued) (Discretionary and Mandatory Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2018* FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2014 FY 2017 FY 2015 FY 2016 Current Dollars 35,162 38,742 39,320 40,820 42,288 43,443 35,447 34,842 Military Personnel ... 34,161 35,812 Operation and Maintenance ... 57,208 54,196 54,228 55,203 55,285 55,900 51,415 53,946 53,149 60,374 40,678 44,242 45,722 46,386 46,207 47,370 Procurement ... 36,099 35,828 38,216 40,453 24,939 25,937 41,134 42,361 42,460 42,529 RDT&E ... 23,318 22,757 22,612 36,374 929 952 2,299 2,182 2,350 2,593 2,087 1,065 1,284 Military Construction ... 1,574 291 288 376 354 370 385 394 Family Housing ... 427 365 319 -247 -395 25 228 -90 -110 -113 Revolving and Management Funds ... -127 -1,033 408 -52 80 -140 -140 -140 -140 -147 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -140 200 -140 ... Total Current Dollars 147,169 184,816 186,085 187,668 191,279 150,341 147,718 156,315 182,080 161,765 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 36,676 38,742 38,476 39,100 39,649 Military Personnel ... 38,712 36,888 37,463 36,447 39,868 57,348 60,374 55,013 52,326 51,319 51,190 Operation and Maintenance ... 52,894 56,194 56,174 57,909 40,159 41,370 44,870 44,629 43,585 43,805 44,242 38,101 38,812 Procurement ... 41,799 25,759 26,349 36,374 40,378 40,764 40,056 39,332 RDT&E ... 25,055 24,189 23,756 984 1,600 2,099 2,217 2,398 Military Construction ... 1,381 1,132 976 2,087 2,256 300 376 365 367 292 348 357 333 377 445 Family Housing ... Revolving and Management Funds ... 224 -86 -104 -104 -136 -1,099 -259 -408 415 25 -143 -140 -138 -135 -132 -130 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... -158 85 211 -54 Total Constant Dollars ... 181,426 179,053 176,955 176,726 182,080 162,174 157,005 155,868 158,813 164,469 Percent Real Growth (%) 1.6 5.6 1.6 1.4 0.6 -2.7 -0.7 -4.7 -0.9 Military Personnel ... 0.6 1.0 4.3 -8.9 -4.9 -1.9 -0.3 Operation and Maintenance ... -3.3 6.2 0.0 2.1 -1.0 4.1 -0.5 -2.3 0.5 5.4 -1.8 -5.9 Procurement ... 6.9 1.4 -1.8 2.3 1.0 -1.7 -1.8 8.4 11.0 -3.5 -7.6 RDT&E ... 38.0 62.6 30.4 8.1 -6.9 5.6 8.1 Military Construction ... -25.4 -18.0 -13.8 0.8 Total Real Growth ... 1.9 -0.4 -1.3 -1.2 -0.1 2.1 10.7 1.4 -0.7 -4.5 Continuing resolution funding for base and OCO, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTE: All enacted war and supplemental funding is included, along with the FY 2019 OCO request. Chapter 6 Table 6-24 243

251 Table 6-25: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BASE, DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2010 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2011 FY 2012 Current Dollars 134,617 135,396 136,039 135,714 137,799 Military Personnel ... 141,682 134,887 196,335 196,091 199,213 194,134 183,855 Operation and Maintenance ... 197,153 192,615 Procurement ... 93,875 92,163 89,627 102,263 102,074 103,182 110,454 RDT&E ... 68,907 79,264 75,291 71,508 63,154 63,172 63,461 8,392 5,431 6,927 8,053 11,367 14,768 20,529 Military Construction ... 1,416 1,127 1,251 Family Housing ... 2,259 1,820 1,683 1,479 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,226 3,119 2,347 2,645 2,445 2,487 1,262 51 2 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... ... Total Current Dollars 527,922 495,466 496,285 497,341 521,350 528,234 530,411 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 144,380 145,817 149,304 160,051 158,553 158,438 Military Personnel ... 148,777 209,447 210,151 216,599 218,662 Operation and Maintenance ... 205,994 208,377 211,551 100,692 116,603 100,270 98,839 114,374 115,861 119,056 Procurement ... 67,706 72,480 RDT&E ... 90,719 84,591 79,146 69,045 68,216 5,832 7,324 Military Construction ... 23,748 16,789 12,749 8,911 9,159 1,858 1,519 1,193 2,589 2,045 1,605 Family Housing ... 1,315 Revolving and Management Funds ... 2,683 3,551 2,373 1,329 2,657 2,937 2,676 56 2 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... ... Total Constant Dollars 608,252 597,096 589,833 541,932 536,618 531,990 552,877 Percent Real Growth (%) -1.0 -2.0 -0.4 -6.7 0.9 0.1 Military Personnel ... 3.1 1.0 -3.3 -2.6 1.2 0.5 Operation and Maintenance ... Procurement ... -2.7 -1.3 -13.6 1.4 0.4 15.8 -1.2 -0.7 7.1 -12.8 -6.4 RDT&E ... -6.8 -36.3 2.8 -30.1 -24.1 -29.3 Military Construction ... 25.6 ... Total Real Growth -1.2 -8.1 -1.0 -0.9 3.9 -1.8 Chapter 6 Table 6-25 244

252 Table 6-25: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BASE, DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Continued) BY PUBLIC LAW TITLE (Dollars in Millions) Public Law Title FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2018* FY 2019 Current Dollars 153,816 168,251 135,965 135,626 Military Personnel ... 159,315 148,222 164,026 256,509 241,017 234,232 199,670 260,184 197,935 Operation and Maintenance ... 249,087 Procurement ... 141,495 137,596 132,139 131,558 107,134 108,048 150,121 87,426 85,640 RDT&E ... 72,067 71,767 91,057 89,926 90,722 10,485 6,448 Military Construction ... 6,475 8,880 9,850 9,853 10,202 1,381 1,415 1,379 1,583 1,243 1,251 Family Housing ... 1,471 Revolving and Management Funds ... 235 2,071 1,501 1,542 242 273 239 Trust, Receipts, and Other OCO to Base ... 53,000 45,800 45,800 45,800 Total Current Dollars ... 681,368 617,074 523,728 523,473 707,452 721,848 694,027 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 153,755 154,361 152,577 Military Personnel ... 148,222 139,298 141,944 150,500 206,011 202,795 234,232 236,375 239,003 240,729 Operation and Maintenance ... 238,767 138,713 133,358 132,277 129,572 131,558 109,184 112,107 Procurement ... 79,169 RDT&E ... 74,526 72,937 91,057 88,250 87,276 82,448 9,427 9,883 9,474 9,660 8,880 6,568 6,725 Military Construction ... Family Housing ... 1,311 1,389 1,329 1,353 1,583 1,264 1,295 Revolving and Management Funds ... 263 225 217 1,527 1,542 2,143 238 Trust, Receipts, and Other ... 43,041 43,962 51,951 OCO to Base ... 42,138 ... Total Constant Dollars 617,074 667,898 664,828 664,104 544,751 533,573 666,160 Percent Real Growth (%) 1.4 1.5 6.4 0.8 -1.7 0.4 Military Personnel ... -1.9 -1.6 -1.6 15.5 0.9 1.1 0.7 -0.8 Operation and Maintenance ... -3.9 -2.6 20.5 -1.5 2.1 0.8 4.0 Procurement ... -3.1 -1.1 -5.5 -4.0 RDT&E ... -2.1 24.8 2.8 35.2 4.3 -4.6 -1.9 8.8 Military Construction ... -2.3 -8.2 Total Real Growth ... -2.1 15.6 8.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -1.5 Continuing resolution funding. * Chapter 6 Table 6-25 245

253 Table 6-26: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BASE, DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2012 FY 2013 Current Dollars 121,975 124,096 127,655 Army ... 120,040 138,803 136,126 135,799 149,433 159,601 Navy ... 155,307 155,978 157,917 149,892 147,514 137,134 146,075 135,120 131,408 146,295 145,386 Air Force ... 142,360 91,676 90,734 91,578 Defense-Wide ... 91,452 90,744 90,400 86,512 Total Current Dollars ... 495,466 497,341 521,350 527,922 528,234 530,411 496,285 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 128,455 131,965 131,475 139,855 150,908 153,678 159,378 Army ... Navy ... 168,993 177,913 175,069 174,300 163,365 158,932 159,033 144,073 145,697 154,606 Air Force ... 162,477 162,755 161,300 141,546 101,648 97,166 103,326 105,595 108,483 Defense-Wide ... 98,805 97,804 ... Total Constant Dollars 597,096 531,990 589,833 552,877 608,252 536,618 541,932 Percent Real Growth (%) -3.6 -1.8 -7.3 -5.6 Army ... 2.4 -2.7 6.3 Navy ... -1.6 -0.4 -6.3 -2.7 0.1 1.1 6.1 Air Force ... 0.2 -0.9 -12.2 1.8 Total Real Growth ... -1.8 -1.0 -8.1 -1.2 3.9 -0.9 Chapter 6 Table 6-26 246

254 Table 6-26: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BASE, DISCRETIONARY BUDGET AUTHORITY (Continued) BY MILITARY DEPARTMENT (Dollars in Millions) Military Department FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2017 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2018* FY 2019 Current Dollars 148,916 160,986 123,334 153,896 124,022 Army ... 148,314 157,003 199,770 194,525 204,750 188,893 186,674 157,858 157,170 Navy ... Air Force ... 196,400 148,320 147,901 176,491 182,354 186,271 191,677 113,536 113,201 113,912 Defense-Wide ... 93,961 94,635 105,595 108,205 45,800 OCO to Base ... 53,000 45,800 45,800 Total Current Dollars ... 707,452 694,027 523,473 721,848 523,728 617,074 681,368 FY 2019 Constant Dollars 147,707 148,352 Army ... 128,998 125,691 148,314 146,000 147,808 188,197 188,986 187,027 185,314 186,674 160,713 Navy ... 163,351 179,161 180,664 181,388 Air Force ... 154,177 150,505 176,491 178,938 108,204 105,695 105,595 96,665 98,224 Defense-Wide ... 105,219 103,239 OCO to Base ... 51,951 43,962 43,041 42,138 ... Total Constant Dollars 664,104 544,751 533,573 617,074 667,898 666,160 664,828 Percent Real Growth (%) -0.1 0.4 1.2 -1.6 -2.6 -1.9 Army ... 18.0 0.6 0.4 Navy ... -3.3 -1.6 16.2 -0.7 0.9 0.8 Air Force ... -0.3 -2.4 17.3 1.4 0.1 0.4 Total Real Growth ... -0.1 -0.3 8.2 15.6 -2.1 -1.5 -0.2 Continuing resolution funding. * Chapter 6 Table 6-26 247

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256 Chapter 7: Defense, the Public Sector and the Economy in constant dollars, the base year is FY 2009; consistent with the Defense data presented should be earlier the context, For Table . table OMB latest 7-7 is a m aster percentage benchmark picture of the of the considered in light broader macroeconomic DoD and National Defense showing of a percentage as spending States chapter compilation United relevant This . organizes a of . various economic and budgetary aggregates U.S.- wide economic data, including GDP, employment figures, provided are spending. federal historic and Where federal outlays Page Tables 7-1 Total Federal Outlays – Current Dollars (FY 1945 to FY 2023)... 250 Total Federal Outlays – FY 2009 Constant Dollars (FY 1945 to FY 2023)... 253 7-2 256 U.S. Public Spending: Federal, State, Local and GDP – Current Dollars (FY 1945 to FY 2023)... 7-3 259 U.S. Public Spending: Federal, State, Local and GDP – FY 2009 Constant Dollars (FY 1945 to FY 2023)... 7-4 Department of Defense Manpower – End Strength/FTE's (FY 1940 to FY 2019)... 262 7-5 U.S. Labor Force – End Strength/FTE's (FY 1940 to FY 2019)... 265 7-6 Defense Shares of Economic and Budgetary Aggregates (FY 1940 to FY 2019)... 268 7-7 Chapter 7 Introduction 249

257 Table 7-1: TOTAL FEDERAL OUTLAYS CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Federal Unified Budget Undistributed Federal Fiscal Year Offsetting National Veterans, Space Federal Social & Grand Total Net Interest Receipts Defense & International Sub-Total Economic* 92,712 2,134 1945 ... 3,112 94,101 -1,389 82,965 5,890 1946 ... 55,232 -1,468 56,700 5,474 4,111 42,681 4,434 12,808 1947 ... 36,048 4,204 -1,552 6,896 34,496 12,140 29,764 -1,643 31,407 6,937 4,341 11,024 9,105 1948 ... 10,242 40,614 -1,779 38,835 1949 ... 13,150 12,699 4,523 1950 ... 13,724 13,562 4,812 12,281 44,379 -1,817 42,562 4,665 45,514 10,391 -2,332 47,846 9,224 23,566 1951 ... 67,686 -3,377 71,063 12,192 4,701 8,081 46,089 1952 ... 5,156 15,027 79,672 -3,571 76,101 1953 ... 52,802 6,687 6,255 1954 ... 49,266 4,811 13,920 74,252 -3,397 70,855 68,444 4,850 71,937 -3,493 1955 ... 42,729 6,972 17,386 70,640 -3,589 74,229 19,243 5,079 7,384 1956 ... 42,523 8,274 5,354 21,666 -4,146 80,724 76,578 1957 ... 45,430 82,405 -4,385 86,790 25,516 5,604 8,855 46,815 1958 ... 5,762 33,053 96,711 -4,613 92,098 1959 ... 49,015 8,881 92,191 6,947 1960 ... 48,130 9,028 32,906 97,011 -4,820 36,282 1961 ... 49,601 9,931 97,723 -4,807 102,530 6,716 12,981 6,889 39,880 112,095 -5,274 106,821 1962 ... 52,345 111,316 -5,797 117,113 42,100 7,740 13,873 53,400 1963 ... 15,517 118,528 1964 ... 54,757 124,236 -5,708 8,199 45,763 118,228 -5,908 124,136 48,113 8,591 16,812 50,620 1965 ... 9,386 58,111 55,364 -6,542 134,532 1966 ... 18,213 141,074 -7,294 157,464 164,758 64,539 10,268 18,534 71,417 1967 ... 186,179 -8,045 178,134 17,857 81,926 1968 ... 11,090 75,306 12,699 79,179 191,626 -7,986 183,640 1969 ... 82,497 17,251 14,380 1970 ... 81,692 17,510 90,699 204,281 -8,632 195,649 210,172 14,841 220,279 -10,107 108,457 18,109 78,872 1971 ... -9,583 240,264 125,936 15,478 19,676 79,174 1972 ... 230,681 20,184 17,349 144,902 259,116 -13,409 245,707 1973 ... 76,681 269,359 -16,749 286,108 162,248 21,449 23,064 79,347 1974 ... 27,672 332,332 86,509 1975 ... 345,934 -13,602 23,244 208,509 -14,386 371,792 386,178 240,607 26,727 29,225 89,619 1976 ... 267,844 424,097 -14,879 409,218 97,241 1977 ... 29,111 29,901 31,369 35,458 303,144 474,466 -15,720 458,746 1978 ... 104,495 116,342 504,028 521,504 329,922 42,633 32,607 -17,476 1979 ... Chapter 7 Table 7-1 250

258 Table 7-1: TOTAL FEDERAL OUTLAYS (Continued) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Federal Unified Budget Undistributed Federal Fiscal Year Offsetting National Veterans, Space Federal Social & Grand Total Net Interest Receipts Defense & International Sub-Total Economic* 590,941 39,714 1980 ... 52,533 610,883 -19,942 133,995 384,641 1981 ... 678,241 -28,041 706,282 437,458 68,766 157,513 42,545 185,309 1982 ... 771,842 85,032 -26,099 458,064 745,743 43,437 808,364 -33,976 842,340 498,023 89,808 44,606 209,903 1983 ... 495,494 883,762 -31,957 851,805 1984 ... 227,411 49,755 111,102 1985 ... 252,743 51,042 129,478 545,779 979,042 -32,698 946,344 136,017 990,382 564,577 -33,007 1,023,389 49,422 273,373 1986 ... 1,004,017 -36,455 1,040,472 572,291 138,611 47,574 281,996 1987 ... 151,803 608,567 1,101,383 -36,967 1,064,416 1988 ... 290,360 50,653 52,407 1989 ... 303,555 168,981 656,012 1,180,955 -37,212 1,143,743 1,252,993 184,347 1,289,608 -36,615 1990 ... 299,321 57,218 748,722 1,324,226 -39,356 1,363,582 832,636 194,448 63,213 1991 ... 273,285 66,516 199,344 856,603 -39,280 1,420,809 1,381,529 1992 ... 298,346 1,409,386 -37,386 1,446,772 887,109 198,713 69,866 291,084 1993 ... 202,932 944,137 1,499,524 -37,772 1,461,752 1994 ... 281,640 70,815 1,515,742 232,134 1995 ... 272,063 70,983 985,017 1,560,197 -44,455 1,024,176 1996 ... 265,748 67,127 1,560,484 -37,620 1,598,104 241,053 71,592 243,984 1,065,011 1,651,089 -49,973 1,601,116 1997 ... 270,502 1,652,458 -47,194 1,699,652 1,117,373 241,118 72,967 268,194 1998 ... 76,478 1,701,842 1999 ... 274,769 1,742,287 -40,445 229,755 1,161,285 1,788,950 -42,581 1,831,531 1,231,423 222,949 82,796 294,363 2000 ... 206,167 304,732 1,317,746 -47,011 1,862,846 2001 ... 81,212 1,909,857 -47,392 2,010,894 2,058,286 1,444,903 170,949 93,978 348,456 2002 ... 2,214,281 -54,382 2,159,899 99,014 404,733 2003 ... 153,073 1,557,461 160,245 1,625,675 2,351,378 -58,537 2,292,841 2004 ... 455,813 109,645 183,986 2005 ... 495,294 128,282 1,729,619 2,537,181 -65,224 2,471,957 2,655,050 226,603 2,723,300 -68,250 1,851,983 122,894 521,820 2006 ... -82,238 2,810,924 1,896,850 237,109 125,707 551,258 2007 ... 2,728,686 140,283 252,757 2,059,680 3,068,786 -86,242 2,982,544 2008 ... 616,066 3,517,677 -92,639 3,610,316 2,601,027 186,902 161,375 661,012 2009 ... 183,679 3,457,079 693,485 2010 ... 3,539,195 -82,116 196,194 2,465,837 -88,467 3,603,065 3,691,532 2,553,676 229,962 202,340 705,554 2011 ... 2,541,382 3,640,481 -103,536 3,536,945 677,852 2012 ... 200,839 220,408 214,077 220,885 2,479,025 3,547,433 -92,785 3,454,648 2013 ... 633,446 603,457 3,506,091 3,594,135 2,536,850 228,956 224,872 -88,044 2014 ... Chapter 7 Table 7-1 251

259 Table 7-1: TOTAL FEDERAL OUTLAYS (Continued) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Federal Unified Budget Undistributed Federal Fiscal Year Offsetting National Veterans, Space Federal Social & Grand Total Net Interest Receipts Defense & International Sub-Total Economic* 3,688,383 237,726 2015 ... 2,753,620 589,659 3,804,186 -115,803 223,181 -95,251 3,947,863 2,864,462 240,033 249,996 593,372 2016 ... 3,852,612 262,551 2,956,861 4,071,380 -89,826 3,981,554 2017 ... 598,722 253,246 4,172,992 256,270 2018 ... 643,266 310,313 3,065,111 4,274,960 -101,968 3,165,096 2019 ... 688,636 293,704 4,406,696 -104,115 4,510,811 363,375 284,520 446,577 3,225,014 4,688,539 -92,657 4,595,882 2020 ... 732,428 283,154 510,352 3,310,019 4,845,520 -91,404 4,754,116 2021 ... 741,995 4,996,465 296,029 2022 ... 755,466 3,469,147 5,088,333 -91,868 567,691 -91,785 5,256,390 3,578,269 618,526 288,686 770,909 2023 ... 5,164,605 * Includes the following functions: General Science and Technology (excluding Space programs); Energy; Natural Resources and Environment; Agriculture, Commerce and Housing Credit; Transportation; Community and Regional Development; Education, Training, Employment and Social Services; Health; Medicare; Income Security; Social Security; Administration of Justice; and General Government. NOTE: Data are from OMB Historical Tables 3-2 (Outlays by Function and Subfunction) and 6-1 (Composition of Outlays). Chapter 7 Table 7-1 252

260 Table 7-2: TOTAL FEDERAL OUTLAYS FY 2009 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Billions) Federal Unified Budget Undistributed Federal Fiscal Year Offsetting National Veterans, Space Federal Social & Grand Total Net Interest Receipts Defense & International Sub-Total Economic* 1,112 26 1945 ... 31 1,133 -22 994 83 1946 ... 656 -22 678 64 38 533 44 148 1947 ... 383 35 -22 81 361 119 299 -21 321 76 33 100 112 1948 ... 114 429 -24 405 1949 ... 162 120 33 1950 ... 168 120 36 123 447 -23 424 33 451 101 -30 481 75 272 1951 ... 673 -40 713 110 32 60 512 1952 ... 34 129 745 -40 705 1953 ... 532 50 43 1954 ... 488 31 112 674 -37 637 595 32 632 -37 1955 ... 410 50 140 588 -38 625 155 32 53 1956 ... 385 57 33 169 -43 650 607 1957 ... 391 617 -42 659 183 33 58 385 1958 ... 34 234 704 -42 662 1959 ... 378 59 653 40 1960 ... 374 57 227 698 -44 240 1961 ... 379 62 677 -42 719 38 81 39 266 785 -45 739 1962 ... 399 739 -48 787 270 43 84 390 1963 ... 92 774 1964 ... 395 820 -46 45 289 761 -45 806 297 46 98 365 1965 ... 49 401 336 -48 843 1966 ... 105 891 -53 965 1,017 383 53 105 477 1967 ... 1,109 -56 1,053 98 523 1968 ... 55 434 60 426 1,073 -52 1,021 1969 ... 498 89 65 1970 ... 469 86 463 1,082 -52 1,030 1,035 63 1,090 -55 517 84 426 1971 ... -48 1,114 573 63 88 390 1972 ... 1,066 87 68 641 1,148 -64 1,084 1973 ... 352 1,098 -75 1,173 662 78 92 341 1974 ... 100 1,233 342 1975 ... 1,290 -57 77 772 -56 1,287 1,343 829 83 99 332 1976 ... 861 1,374 -53 1,321 335 1977 ... 92 86 94 96 920 1,447 -53 1,394 1978 ... 337 347 1,410 1,465 923 107 89 -55 1979 ... Chapter 7 Table 7-2 253

261 Table 7-2: TOTAL FEDERAL OUTLAYS (Continued) FY 2009 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Billions) Federal Unified Budget Undistributed Federal Fiscal Year Offsetting National Veterans, Space Federal Social & Grand Total Net Interest Receipts Defense & International Sub-Total Economic* 1,496 99 1980 ... 121 1,554 -58 361 973 1981 ... 1,545 -75 1,619 999 144 381 95 413 1982 ... 1,646 167 -66 977 1,580 90 1,631 -83 1,714 1,013 169 88 445 1983 ... 964 1,720 -77 1,643 1984 ... 460 94 202 1985 ... 493 93 227 1,024 1,837 -75 1,762 233 1,805 1,037 -75 1,880 88 522 1986 ... 1,779 -82 1,862 1,017 233 82 530 1987 ... 247 1,041 1,905 -81 1,824 1988 ... 532 85 84 1989 ... 538 264 1,082 1,968 -80 1,888 2,009 278 2,085 -76 1990 ... 512 90 1,205 2,029 -77 2,106 1,284 283 95 1991 ... 444 96 284 1,257 -75 2,115 2,040 1992 ... 479 2,022 -67 2,089 1,254 276 97 462 1993 ... 276 1,309 2,124 -65 2,059 1994 ... 442 97 2,075 309 1995 ... 419 95 1,326 2,149 -74 1,349 1996 ... 400 88 2,092 -60 2,152 315 92 313 1,374 2,181 -78 2,103 1997 ... 401 2,152 -72 2,224 1,434 306 93 391 1998 ... 96 2,188 1999 ... 392 2,248 -60 288 1,472 2,245 -60 2,305 1,522 274 102 407 2000 ... 247 407 1,590 -64 2,277 2001 ... 97 2,341 -62 2,417 2,479 1,717 202 111 449 2002 ... 2,593 -68 2,525 115 491 2003 ... 177 1,809 181 1,843 2,681 -69 2,612 2004 ... 533 124 202 2005 ... 553 141 1,901 2,796 -74 2,722 2,826 240 2,900 -74 1,971 131 558 2006 ... -86 2,916 1,970 245 130 571 2007 ... 2,830 141 256 2,064 3,076 -87 2,989 2008 ... 615 3,518 -93 3,610 2,601 187 161 661 2009 ... 181 3,404 681 2010 ... 3,483 -80 195 2,427 -83 3,466 3,549 2,458 223 195 672 2011 ... 2,394 3,431 -96 3,336 637 2012 ... 190 210 199 207 2,304 3,302 -85 3,217 2013 ... 591 554 3,215 3,293 2,322 211 206 -78 2014 ... Chapter 7 Table 7-2 254

262 Table 7-2: TOTAL FEDERAL OUTLAYS (Continued) FY 2009 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Billions) Federal Unified Budget Undistributed Federal Fiscal Year Offsetting National Veterans, Space Federal Social & Grand Total Net Interest Receipts Defense & International Sub-Total Economic* 3,362 217 2015 ... 2,503 540 3,463 -102 203 -83 3,564 2,582 216 226 541 2016 ... 3,482 232 2,614 3,607 -77 3,531 2017 ... 537 224 3,624 222 2018 ... 569 270 2,648 3,709 -86 2,684 2019 ... 599 249 3,757 -86 3,843 311 237 376 2,678 3,916 -75 3,841 2020 ... 625 231 421 2,687 3,960 -73 3,887 621 2021 ... 3,997 236 2022 ... 620 4,069 2,754 -72 459 4,042 -70 4,112 2,776 490 225 620 2023 ... * Includes the following functions: General Science and Technology (excluding Space programs); Energy; Natural Resources and Environment; Agriculture, Commerce and Housing Credit; Transportation; Community and Regional Development; Education, Training, Employment and Social Services; Health; Medicare; Income Security; Social Security; Administration of Justice; and General Government. NOTE: Data are calculated from OMB Historical Tables 3-2 (Outlays by Function and Subfunction) and 6-1 (Composition of Outlays). FY 2009 is the constant dollar benchmark used by OMB. Chapter 7 Table 7-2 255

263 Table 7-3: U.S. PUBLIC SPENDING - FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL AND GDP CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Net Total Public Gross Domestic State & Local 1 3 Fiscal Year Less Grants-In-Aid Federal Spending 2 4 5 Spending Spending Product 9,200 226,400 1945 ... 859 92,712 101,053 65,441 228,000 819 11,028 55,232 1946 ... 1947 ... 14,000 1,603 46,893 238,900 34,496 262,400 1948 ... 29,764 17,684 1,612 45,836 276,800 1949 ... 38,835 20,200 1,876 57,159 279,000 1950 ... 63,096 2,253 22,787 42,562 1951 ... 45,514 24,400 2,287 67,627 327,400 91,351 357,500 1952 ... 67,686 26,098 2,433 101,176 1953 ... 76,101 27,910 2,835 382,500 98,500 30,701 70,855 387,700 1954 ... 3,056 407,000 1955 ... 98,961 3,207 33,724 68,444 1956 ... 70,640 36,715 3,561 103,794 439,000 112,979 464,200 1957 ... 76,578 40,375 3,974 122,351 82,405 1958 ... 44,851 4,905 474,300 134,522 6,463 505,600 48,887 92,098 1959 ... 1960 ... 535,100 92,191 51,876 7,019 137,048 7,126 146,798 547,600 1961 ... 97,723 56,201 7,926 60,206 106,821 1962 ... 159,101 586,900 167,529 64,815 111,316 1963 ... 619,300 8,602 662,900 1964 ... 118,528 69,302 10,164 177,666 710,700 118,228 74,678 1965 ... 10,910 181,996 781,900 204,488 12,887 134,532 1966 ... 82,843 1967 ... 838,200 157,464 93,350 15,233 235,581 18,551 899,300 1968 ... 178,134 102,411 261,994 280,204 20,164 982,300 116,728 183,640 1969 ... 1970 ... 1,049,100 195,649 131,332 24,065 302,916 28,099 332,747 1,119,300 1971 ... 210,172 150,674 34,375 168,549 230,681 1972 ... 364,855 1,219,500 385,217 41,847 1973 ... 1,356,000 245,707 181,357 425,224 1,486,200 1974 ... 269,359 199,222 43,357 513,263 1,610,600 49,791 230,722 1975 ... 332,332 59,094 569,429 1,790,300 1976 ... 371,792 256,731 68,415 1977 ... 409,218 274,215 615,018 2,028,400 77,889 2,278,200 296,984 458,746 1978 ... 677,841 83,351 748,194 2,570,000 1979 ... 504,028 327,517 Chapter 7 Table 7-3 256

264 Table 7-3: U.S. PUBLIC SPENDING - FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL AND GDP (Continued) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Net Total Public Gross Domestic State & Local 1 3 Fiscal Year Less Grants-In-Aid Federal Spending 2 4 5 Spending Spending Product 369,086 2,796,800 1980 ... 91,385 590,941 868,642 990,986 3,138,400 94,704 407,449 678,241 1981 ... 1982 ... 436,733 88,134 1,094,342 3,313,900 745,743 3,541,100 1983 ... 808,364 466,516 92,448 1,182,432 3,952,800 1984 ... 851,805 505,008 97,553 1,259,260 4,270,400 1985 ... 1,394,391 105,852 553,899 946,344 1986 ... 990,382 605,623 112,331 1,483,674 4,536,100 1,552,751 4,781,900 1987 ... 1,004,017 657,134 108,400 1,653,995 1988 ... 1,064,416 704,921 115,342 5,155,100 1,784,175 762,360 1,143,743 5,570,000 1989 ... 121,928 5,914,600 1990 ... 1,952,486 135,325 834,818 1,252,993 1991 ... 1,324,226 908,108 154,519 2,077,815 6,110,100 2,184,717 6,434,700 1992 ... 1,381,529 981,253 178,065 2,246,208 1,409,386 1993 ... 1,030,434 193,612 6,794,900 2,328,821 210,596 7,197,800 1,077,665 1,461,752 1994 ... 1995 ... 7,583,400 1,515,742 1,149,863 224,991 2,440,614 227,811 2,525,949 7,978,300 1996 ... 1,560,484 1,193,276 234,160 1,249,984 1,601,116 1997 ... 2,616,940 8,483,200 2,724,372 1,318,042 1,652,458 1998 ... 8,954,800 246,128 9,510,500 1999 ... 1,701,842 1,402,369 267,886 2,836,325 10,148,200 1,788,950 1,506,797 2000 ... 285,874 3,009,873 10,564,600 3,170,367 318,542 1,862,846 2001 ... 1,626,063 2002 ... 10,876,900 2,010,894 1,736,866 352,895 3,394,865 388,542 11,332,400 2003 ... 2,159,899 1,821,917 3,593,274 3,793,872 407,512 12,088,600 1,908,543 2,292,841 2004 ... 2005 ... 12,888,900 2,471,957 2,012,110 428,018 4,056,049 434,099 4,344,614 13,684,700 2006 ... 2,655,050 2,123,663 443,797 2,264,035 2,728,686 2007 ... 4,548,924 14,322,900 4,927,410 461,317 2008 ... 14,752,400 2,982,544 2,406,183 5,480,482 14,414,600 2009 ... 3,517,677 2,500,796 537,991 5,390,920 14,798,500 608,390 2,542,231 2010 ... 3,457,079 606,766 5,580,104 15,379,200 2011 ... 3,603,065 2,583,805 544,569 2012 ... 3,536,945 2,593,430 5,585,806 16,027,200 546,171 16,515,900 2,628,042 3,454,648 2013 ... 5,536,519 576,967 5,643,037 17,243,600 2014 ... 3,506,091 2,713,913 Chapter 7 Table 7-3 257

265 Table 7-3: U.S. PUBLIC SPENDING - FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL AND GDP (Continued) CURRENT DOLLARS (Dollars in Millions) Net Total Public Gross Domestic State & Local 1 3 Fiscal Year Less Grants-In-Aid Federal Spending 2 4 5 Spending Product Spending 2,841,774 624,354 17,982,900 3,688,383 2015 ... 5,905,803 6,167,453 18,469,900 2016 ... 3,852,612 2,975,659 660,818 6,422,706 2017 ... 3,981,554 3,115,852 674,700 19,177,200 727,986 20,029,300 3,262,649 4,172,992 2018 ... 6,707,655 748,994 7,074,065 21,003,100 2019 ... 4,406,696 3,416,363 655,310 3,577,319 4,595,882 2020 ... 7,517,891 22,068,800 7,853,573 646,400 23,193,700 3,745,857 4,754,116 2021 ... 2022 ... 24,368,800 4,996,465 3,922,336 646,419 8,272,382 662,588 8,609,147 25,605,200 2023 ... 5,164,605 4,107,130 1. From OMB Historical Table 6-1 (Composition of Outlays). 2. Historical data came from past Economic Reports of the President (table titled "State and Local Government Revenues and Expenditures, Selected Fiscal Years"). The 2014 figure came from the U.S. Census Bureau. Data were estimated for certain years prior to 1964, and estimated for each year 2016 and beyond. 3. From OMB Historical Table 12-1 (Summary Comparison of Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments). 4. Calculated from data in OMB Historical Tables 6-1 and 12-1, past Economic Reports of the President (table mentioned in footnote #2), and Census Bureau data. 5. From OMB Historical Table 10-1 (Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables). NOTE: These figures exclude government enterprises (i.e. postal service, utilities and liquor stores), except for any support these activities receive from tax funds. Chapter 7 Table 7-3 258

266 Table 7-4: U.S. PUBLIC SPENDING - FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL AND GDP FY 2009 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Billions) Net Total Public Gross Domestic State & Local 1 3 Fiscal Year Less Grants-In-Aid Federal Spending 2 4 5 Spending Spending Product 183 2,222 1945 ... 12 1,112 1,283 845 2,078 10 199 656 1946 ... 1947 ... 107 13 455 1,965 361 1,971 1948 ... 299 235 16 519 2,013 1949 ... 405 255 18 643 2,059 1950 ... 705 22 304 424 1951 ... 451 273 19 705 2,293 943 2,407 1952 ... 673 290 20 978 1953 ... 705 297 23 2,530 951 340 637 2,534 1954 ... 26 2,639 1955 ... 934 27 366 595 1956 ... 588 392 30 950 2,775 972 2,829 1957 ... 607 396 32 978 617 1958 ... 398 37 2,805 1,022 48 2,945 408 662 1959 ... 1960 ... 3,074 653 431 52 1,033 52 1,099 3,103 1961 ... 677 475 58 506 739 1962 ... 1,187 3,292 1,204 527 739 1963 ... 3,431 61 3,628 1964 ... 774 554 72 1,256 3,823 761 581 1965 ... 75 1,267 4,117 1,412 91 843 1966 ... 660 1967 ... 4,283 965 733 106 1,592 124 4,443 1968 ... 1,053 776 1,706 1,729 126 4,640 834 1,021 1969 ... 1970 ... 4,702 1,030 879 142 1,768 155 1,821 4,775 1971 ... 1,035 941 180 1,004 1,066 1972 ... 1,890 4,967 1,921 219 1973 ... 5,293 1,084 1,055 1,951 5,418 1974 ... 1,098 1,061 207 2,125 5,321 215 1,107 1975 ... 1,233 237 2,193 5,531 1976 ... 1,287 1,143 257 1977 ... 1,321 1,139 2,203 5,846 276 6,152 1,159 1,394 1978 ... 2,277 270 2,311 6,423 1979 ... 1,410 1,172 Chapter 7 Table 7-4 259

267 Table 7-4: U.S. PUBLIC SPENDING - FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL AND GDP (Continued) FY 2009 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Billions) Net Total Public Gross Domestic State & Local 1 3 Fiscal Year Less Grants-In-Aid Federal Spending 2 4 5 Spending Spending Product 1,188 6,431 1980 ... 265 1,496 2,419 2,478 6,573 244 1,177 1,545 1981 ... 1982 ... 1,162 208 2,533 6,494 1,580 6,647 1983 ... 1,631 1,181 207 2,605 7,167 1984 ... 1,643 1,215 208 2,650 7,495 1985 ... 2,823 217 1,279 1,762 1986 ... 1,805 1,350 223 2,932 7,783 2,969 8,026 1987 ... 1,779 1,395 205 3,056 1988 ... 1,824 1,442 209 8,381 3,172 1,495 1,888 8,709 1989 ... 212 8,925 1990 ... 3,348 225 1,563 2,009 1991 ... 2,029 1,634 245 3,418 8,904 3,481 9,153 1992 ... 2,040 1,714 273 3,477 2,022 1993 ... 1,744 288 9,441 3,529 306 9,788 1,777 2,059 1994 ... 1995 ... 10,098 2,075 1,834 319 3,590 315 3,629 10,429 1996 ... 2,092 1,852 318 1,906 2,103 1997 ... 3,691 10,897 3,805 1,982 2,152 1998 ... 11,363 329 11,916 1999 ... 2,188 2,057 353 3,893 12,456 2,245 2,130 2000 ... 366 4,008 12,664 4,106 398 2,277 2001 ... 2,227 2002 ... 12,831 2,417 2,333 434 4,317 467 13,118 2003 ... 2,525 2,375 4,433 4,528 476 13,655 2,392 2,612 2004 ... 2005 ... 14,116 2,722 2,379 481 4,620 470 4,744 14,515 2006 ... 2,826 2,388 465 2,420 2,830 2007 ... 4,785 14,790 4,977 464 2008 ... 14,924 2,989 2,453 5,480 14,415 2009 ... 3,518 2,501 538 5,309 14,669 599 2,505 2010 ... 3,404 584 5,359 14,941 2011 ... 3,466 2,477 512 2012 ... 3,336 2,425 5,249 15,292 506 15,496 2,408 3,217 2013 ... 5,119 525 5,123 15,890 2014 ... 3,215 2,434 Chapter 7 Table 7-4 260

268 Table 7-4: U.S. PUBLIC SPENDING - FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL AND GDP (Continued) FY 2009 CONSTANT DOLLARS (Dollars in Billions) Net Total Public Gross Domestic State & Local 1 3 Fiscal Year Less Grants-In-Aid Federal Spending 2 4 5 Spending Product Spending 2,521 565 16,373 3,362 2015 ... 5,317 5,507 16,625 2016 ... 3,482 2,618 593 5,620 2017 ... 3,531 2,682 594 16,969 625 17,450 2,732 3,624 2018 ... 5,731 630 5,930 17,998 2019 ... 3,757 2,803 539 2,847 3,841 2020 ... 6,149 18,567 6,265 519 19,135 2,896 3,887 2021 ... 2022 ... 19,709 3,997 2,942 507 6,432 508 6,526 20,301 2023 ... 4,042 2,992 1. From OMB Historical Table 6-1 (Composition of Outlays). 2. Calculated from historical data in past Economic Reports of the President (table titled "State and Local Government Revenues and Expenditures, Selected Fiscal Years"). The 2014 figure came from the U.S. Census Bureau. Data were estimated for certain years prior to 1964, and estimated for each year 2016 and beyond. 3. From OMB Historical Table 12-1 (Summary Comparison of Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments). 4. Calculated from data in OMB Historical Tables 6-1 and 12-1, past Economic Reports of the President (table mentioned in footnote #2), and Census Bureau data. 5. Calculated from data in OMB Historical Table 10-1 (Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables). NOTE: These figures exclude government enterprises (i.e. postal service, utilities and liquor stores), except for any support these activities receive from tax funds. FY 2009 is the constant dollar benchmark used by OMB. Chapter 7 Table 7-4 261

269 Table 7-5: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MANPOWER End Strength/FTE's (In Thousands) 1 2 Civilians Active Duty Military Total DoD Full Time Navy & Fiscal Year Marine Total DoD Total Active Defense 4 3 4 Manpower Guard & Air Force Army Marine Army Navy Air Force Military Civilians Agencies Corps 3 Corps Reserve 458 137 119 256 714 161 218 51 1940 ... 28 1,800 1941 ... 556 227 329 2,356 152 54 284 1,310 641 1,284 5,143 1942 ... 143 3,859 852 432 2,311 764 2,193 11,238 648 1,545 9,045 2,197 309 1,742 4,797 1943 ... 2,372 11,451 1,503 736 2,239 13,690 5,622 1944 ... 2,981 476 3,320 470 2,282 12,056 1,881 747 2,628 14,684 1945 ... 5,984 156 1946 ... 1,435 978 456 3,025 927 489 1,416 4,441 1,582 503 356 859 2,441 498 93 306 1947 ... 685 388 2,248 1 347 303 1,445 803 85 418 554 1948 ... 152 2,434 1949 ... 660 448 86 419 1,613 310 343 166 2 821 2,169 381 1950 ... 593 74 411 1,459 261 293 154 2 710 4,452 1,202 2 261 452 487 3,250 788 193 737 1,532 1951 ... 515 4,943 1,308 2 310 481 1,596 1952 ... 3,635 983 232 824 1,534 794 249 978 3,555 1953 ... 470 382 2 1,738 5,293 884 4,829 1954 ... 1,405 726 224 948 3,303 720 433 371 2 1,526 4,418 2,935 1955 ... 1,109 661 205 960 651 433 397 2 1,483 592 4,150 1,343 2 333 416 1956 ... 2,807 910 201 670 1,026 1957 ... 998 676 201 920 2,795 571 411 417 2 1,401 4,196 1,286 3,885 1958 ... 899 640 189 871 2,599 530 381 373 2 1,238 2 364 375 497 2,504 840 176 626 862 1959 ... 3,742 3,671 1,195 2 355 365 473 2,476 815 171 617 873 1960 ... 346 626 3,666 1961 ... 1,183 2 859 363 472 2,483 821 177 666 191 885 2,808 476 365 349 20 1,210 4,018 1962 ... 1,066 976 665 189 870 2,700 1963 ... 360 337 32 1,188 3,888 459 1964 ... 973 668 189 857 2,687 430 347 322 38 1,137 3,824 1,116 1965 ... 969 672 190 825 2,656 414 343 317 42 3,772 3,093 4,315 69 336 367 450 1,222 887 261 745 1,200 1966 ... 1967 ... 1,442 751 285 897 3,375 516 416 349 76 1,357 4,732 1,353 4,900 1968 ... 1,570 765 307 905 3,547 510 429 339 75 1,390 72 349 438 531 3,460 862 310 776 1,512 1969 ... 4,850 480 1,264 4,330 68 328 388 1970 ... 3,066 1 791 260 692 1,322 1971 ... 3,904 1,123 623 212 755 1 2,714 452 362 313 63 1,190 60 1,159 3,483 1972 ... 811 588 198 726 1 2,324 446 353 300 2,253 72 1,100 288 334 406 3,353 1 691 196 564 801 1973 ... 75 1,108 3,271 1974 ... 783 546 189 644 1 2,163 409 335 289 Chapter 7 Table 7-5 262

270 Table 7-5: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MANPOWER (Continued) End Strength/FTE's (In Thousands) 1 2 Civilians Active Duty Military Total DoD Full Time Navy & Fiscal Year Marine Total DoD Total Active Defense 4 3 4 Manpower Guard & Air Force Army Marine Army Navy Air Force Military Civilians Agencies Corps 3 Corps Reserve 3,207 784 613 1 2,129 401 326 278 73 1,078 535 1975 ... 196 3,126 72 262 321 390 2,081 1 585 192 524 779 1976 ... 1,045 372 3,097 1,022 77 255 318 782 1977 ... 2,075 1 570 192 530 771 530 191 569 1 1978 ... 371 317 251 77 1,016 3,078 2,062 3,022 1979 ... 758 522 185 559 7 2,031 359 310 245 77 991 3,054 13 1980 ... 777 527 188 558 2,063 361 309 244 77 991 372 3,120 1,019 80 246 321 1981 ... 2,101 19 570 191 540 781 1982 ... 780 553 192 583 22 2,130 378 319 248 82 1,027 3,157 1,064 1983 ... 780 558 194 592 39 2,163 391 339 251 83 3,227 87 3,269 1984 ... 780 565 196 597 46 2,184 403 342 253 1,085 1,129 264 353 420 2,207 55 602 3,336 198 571 781 1985 ... 92 413 3,345 1,112 94 263 342 1986 ... 2,233 64 608 199 581 781 1987 ... 781 587 200 607 69 2,244 418 353 264 98 1,133 3,377 1,090 3,299 1988 ... 772 593 197 576 71 2,209 393 348 253 96 1,117 571 1989 ... 770 593 197 72 2,203 403 354 261 99 3,320 2,144 1,073 3,217 249 341 380 103 74 539 197 583 751 1990 ... 1991 ... 3,121 725 571 195 511 75 2,077 365 329 233 117 1,044 149 1,006 2,886 1992 ... 611 542 185 470 72 1,880 334 309 214 156 202 285 294 1,775 71 444 178 510 572 1993 ... 937 2,712 901 196 269 280 1,678 68 426 174 469 541 1994 ... 2,579 156 65 2,432 509 435 174 400 1995 ... 1,583 267 249 186 147 849 2,358 491 417 175 389 66 1996 ... 1,538 259 240 183 138 820 1,504 2,290 136 180 223 247 786 378 174 396 492 1997 ... 64 1998 ... 2,217 484 382 173 367 64 1,470 237 210 174 126 747 120 2,171 1999 ... 479 373 173 361 65 1,451 227 204 169 720 1,449 698 2,147 163 197 221 117 65 356 173 373 482 2000 ... 2001 ... 2,138 481 378 173 354 65 1,451 220 194 160 113 687 111 687 2,165 2002 ... 487 383 174 368 66 1,478 224 195 157 107 159 198 224 1,500 66 375 178 382 499 2003 ... 688 2,188 2,184 690 2004 ... 500 373 178 108 377 66 1,494 227 195 160 692 2,147 2005 ... 492 362 180 352 69 1,455 231 190 163 108 1,455 700 107 167 189 237 2,155 71 180 350 505 2006 ... 349 107 695 2,146 2007 ... 522 338 186 333 72 1,451 238 187 163 1,474 110 707 162 189 246 2,181 72 327 199 332 544 2008 ... 115 739 2,232 2009 ... 553 329 203 333 75 1,493 263 197 164 Chapter 7 Table 7-5 263

271 Table 7-5: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MANPOWER (Continued) End Strength/FTE's (In Thousands) 2 1 Civilians Active Duty Military Total DoD Full Time Total Navy & Fiscal Year Marine Total DoD Defense 4 4 3 Manpower Guard & Air Force Marine Army Active Navy Air Force Army Civilians Agencies Corps 3 Corps Military Reserve 2,284 566 334 76 328 1,506 276 209 202 172 121 778 2010 ... 76 2,308 127 184 212 1,501 807 333 201 325 566 2011 ... 284 800 2,276 2012 ... 550 318 198 333 77 1,476 275 213 178 134 773 1,460 2013 ... 532 324 196 331 77 256 208 180 129 2,233 1,415 756 2,171 167 193 207 189 77 316 188 326 508 2014 ... 2015 ... 2,148 491 328 184 311 76 1,390 206 199 166 187 758 189 755 2,133 2016 ... 475 325 184 318 76 1,378 195 204 167 191 167 206 191 1,382 75 323 185 324 476 2017 ... 756 2,138 209 773 476 328 185 192 2,166 177 325 195 1,393 79 2018 Base ... 2018 OCO ... 0.4 0.4 0.4 193 773 2,166 ... 476 328 185 325 79 1,393 195 2018 Total 177 209 193 776 2,197 2019 Base ... 488 335 186 329 83 1,421 195 212 176 0.4 2019 OCO ... 0.4 0.4 776 2,198 83 212 176 195 193 2019 Total ... 1,421 329 186 335 488 1. Active duty military figures include the activation of 25,652 reservists and National Guard personnel in FY 1990, pursuant to section 673b, Title 10 U.S.C.; in FY 1991, 17,059 reservists and National Guard personnel; and in FY 1992, 954 reservists and National Guard personnel, pursuant to sections 672 and 673, Title 10 U.S.C., in support of Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm. 2. Beginning in 1953, civilian work force figures include both U.S. and foreign national direct hires, and the foreign national indirect hire employees that support U.S. forces overseas. Beginning in FY 1996, the federal civilian work force is measured in full time equivalents (FTE's). 3. Navy reserve personnel on active duty for Training and Administration of Reserves (TARS) are included in the active Navy data prior to FY 1980, and in the Full-Time Guard and Reserve data thereafter. 4. Air Force civil service employment is included in the Army data prior to 1948, and identified separately thereafter. NOTE: For fiscal years 2017 and prior, enacted war and supplemental data are rolled up into the totals. Chapter 7 Table 7-5 264

272 Table 7-6: U.S. LABOR FORCE End Strength/FTE's (In Thousands) Total Federal Total U.S. Other U.S. Private Active Duty DoD Civilian State & Coast U.S. Unem- Fiscal Total U.S. Total Federal Total DoD Total U.S. Civilian Public Federal Civil Sector 2 4 1 5 3 Employment Employment Labor Force Employment Year Guard Direct Hires Military Local Gov't ployment 3 Employment Service Employment Employmt 1,042 14 3,217 4,731 42,789 47,520 8,120 56,112 714 256 458 1940 ... 786 1,514 57,729 1,438 3,337 6,594 43,756 50,350 5,560 3,257 882 2,356 556 1,800 1941 ... 19 2,296 59 6,214 3,310 9,524 44,226 53,750 2,660 60,328 1942 ... 3,859 1,284 5,143 1,012 1,106 3,299 12,499 3,184 15,683 38,787 54,470 1,070 64,740 1943 ... 9,045 2,193 11,238 155 3,332 670 14,952 3,092 18,044 35,916 53,960 1,093 66,250 1944 ... 11,451 2,239 13,690 169 1,040 1,188 16,043 3,104 19,147 33,673 52,820 171 66,087 14,684 2,628 12,056 1945 ... 3,816 1,281 2,697 26 5,748 3,305 9,053 46,197 55,250 2,270 60,571 1946 ... 3,025 1,416 4,441 2,441 1,252 19 3,712 3,568 7,280 49,759 57,039 2,311 60,951 1947 ... 1,582 859 2,111 1,267 2,071 3,536 3,776 7,312 51,033 58,345 2,276 62,086 804 1,445 1948 ... 2,249 20 2,102 3,637 3,739 3,906 7,645 50,004 57,649 1,281 62,923 1949 ... 1,613 821 2,434 24 3,288 1,251 3,443 4,078 7,521 51,399 58,920 23 63,690 2,169 710 1,459 1950 ... 1,961 1,282 2,483 29 5,762 4,031 9,793 50,169 59,962 2,055 65,296 1951 ... 3,250 1,201 4,451 4,943 1,293 35 6,271 4,134 10,405 49,850 60,255 1,883 65,808 1952 ... 3,635 1,308 2,601 1,834 1,254 6,147 4,282 10,429 50,752 61,181 34 66,604 4,859 2,558 1953 ... 3,555 1,304 1,225 2,408 29 5,740 4,552 10,292 49,819 1954 ... 3,532 66,975 3,303 1,183 4,486 60,111 4,095 2,397 29 5,361 4,728 10,089 1,237 62,171 2,852 67,987 1,160 2,935 1955 ... 52,082 3,958 1,248 2,399 28 5,234 5,064 10,298 53,504 63,802 2,750 69,387 1956 ... 2,807 1,151 3,927 1,132 30 5,243 5,380 10,623 53,447 64,070 2,859 69,754 2,795 1957 ... 1,286 2,418 1,313 2,382 5,011 5,630 10,641 52,396 63,037 4,602 70,268 1,069 2,599 1958 ... 3,668 30 2,383 3,740 4,917 5,806 10,723 53,906 64,629 1,334 70,903 1959 ... 2,504 1,049 3,553 30 3,852 1,381 4,906 6,073 10,979 54,797 65,776 31 72,135 3,494 1,018 2,476 1960 ... 2,399 1,424 2,436 32 4,951 6,295 11,246 54,499 65,745 4,714 72,974 1961 ... 2,483 1,012 3,495 3,847 1,475 32 5,354 6,533 11,887 54,816 66,703 3,911 73,454 1962 ... 2,808 1,039 2,514 4,070 1,509 5,260 6,834 12,094 55,669 67,763 32 74,565 3,719 2,528 1963 ... 2,700 1,019 1,504 2,501 32 5,220 7,236 12,456 56,849 1964 ... 3,786 75,810 2,687 997 3,684 69,305 3,642 2,528 32 5,216 7,683 12,899 1,542 71,089 3,366 77,143 986 2,656 1965 ... 58,190 4,186 1,666 2,759 35 5,887 8,259 14,146 58,749 72,895 2,875 78,898 1966 ... 3,093 1,093 4,610 1,235 37 6,414 8,673 15,087 59,285 74,372 2,975 80,759 3,375 1967 ... 1,767 3,002 2,817 1,822 6,639 9,102 15,741 60,179 75,920 37 82,321 4,780 3,055 1968 ... 3,547 1,233 1,801 3,076 38 6,574 9,437 16,011 61,891 1969 ... 2,832 84,232 3,460 1,275 4,735 77,902 4,227 2,982 37 6,085 9,822 15,907 1,821 78,678 4,093 85,874 1,161 3,066 1970 ... 62,771 3,807 1,831 2,924 38 5,676 10,184 15,860 63,506 79,366 5,016 87,134 1971 ... 2,714 1,093 82,152 3,373 38 5,227 10,649 15,876 66,276 2,865 4,882 89,396 1,816 1972 ... 2,324 1,049 3,250 1,827 2,824 37 5,114 11,069 16,183 68,881 85,064 4,365 91,719 1973 ... 2,253 997 5,156 3,176 2,893 37 5,093 11,446 16,539 70,254 86,793 1,880 94,149 1,013 2,163 1974 ... Chapter 7 Table 7-6 265

273 Table 7-6: U.S. LABOR FORCE (Continued) End Strength/FTE's (In Thousands) Total Federal Total U.S. Other U.S. Private Active Duty DoD Civilian State & Coast U.S. Unem- Fiscal Total U.S. Total Federal Total DoD Total U.S. Civilian Public Federal Civil Sector 2 4 1 5 3 Employment Employment Labor Force Employment Year Guard Direct Hires Military Local Gov't ployment 3 Employment Service Employment Employmt 2,897 37 11,937 17,000 68,846 85,846 7,929 95,941 3,118 989 2,129 1975 ... 1,908 5,063 98,277 2,883 12,138 17,140 71,612 88,752 7,406 5,002 1,924 3,040 959 2,081 1976 ... 38 2,893 38 5,006 12,400 17,406 74,612 92,018 6,991 101,122 1977 ... 2,075 938 3,013 1,955 1,994 2,929 5,029 12,920 17,949 78,100 96,049 6,202 104,351 1978 ... 2,062 935 2,997 38 2,876 6,137 4,946 13,174 18,120 80,705 98,825 1,960 107,032 1979 ... 2,031 916 2,947 39 7,637 1,960 4,978 13,375 18,353 80,950 99,303 39 109,042 2,979 916 2,063 1980 ... 2,876 1,920 2,860 40 5,001 13,259 18,260 82,137 100,397 8,273 110,811 1981 ... 2,101 940 3,041 3,075 1,880 38 4,993 13,098 18,091 81,435 99,526 10,678 112,372 1982 ... 2,130 945 2,825 1,896 2,876 5,079 13,096 18,175 82,658 100,833 10,717 113,753 980 2,163 1983 ... 3,143 40 2,910 8,539 5,134 13,216 18,350 86,655 105,005 1,910 115,768 1984 ... 2,184 1,000 3,184 40 8,312 2,023 5,311 13,519 18,830 88,319 107,149 38 117,706 3,250 1,043 2,207 1985 ... 3,066 1,995 3,022 37 5,292 13,794 19,086 90,511 109,597 8,237 120,104 1986 ... 2,233 1,027 3,260 3,293 2,039 39 5,371 14,067 19,438 93,002 112,440 7,425 122,148 1987 ... 2,244 1,049 3,088 6,701 2,103 5,360 14,415 19,775 95,193 114,968 38 123,916 3,219 3,113 1988 ... 2,209 1,010 2,087 3,124 38 5,365 14,791 20,156 97,185 1989 ... 6,528 126,110 2,203 1,037 3,240 117,341 3,141 3,128 37 5,309 15,219 20,528 2,131 118,793 7,047 128,021 997 2,144 1990 ... 98,265 3,051 2,138 3,112 39 5,228 15,436 20,664 97,054 117,718 8,628 128,462 1991 ... 2,077 974 2,825 945 39 5,004 15,675 20,679 97,813 118,492 9,613 130,024 1,880 1992 ... 2,140 3,085 2,128 3,013 4,827 15,926 20,753 99,507 120,260 8,940 131,014 885 1,775 1993 ... 2,660 39 2,972 7,996 4,687 16,258 20,945 102,115 123,060 2,118 132,771 1994 ... 1,678 854 2,532 37 7,404 2,113 4,540 16,484 21,024 103,876 124,900 37 133,924 2,390 807 1,583 1995 ... 2,920 2,003 2,782 37 4,357 16,662 21,019 105,688 126,707 7,236 135,518 1996 ... 1,538 779 2,317 2,250 1,975 35 4,260 16,858 21,118 108,440 129,558 6,739 137,836 1997 ... 1,504 746 2,721 6,210 1,981 4,193 17,137 21,330 110,133 131,463 35 139,178 2,177 2,688 1998 ... 1,470 707 2,010 2,691 35 4,177 17,538 21,715 111,773 1999 ... 5,880 140,854 1,451 681 2,132 133,488 2,109 2,725 36 4,210 17,925 22,135 2,065 136,891 5,692 144,068 660 1,449 2000 ... 114,756 2,101 1,984 2,634 36 4,121 18,354 22,475 114,458 136,933 6,801 145,221 2001 ... 1,451 650 2,128 650 37 4,139 18,747 22,886 113,599 136,485 8,378 146,378 1,478 2002 ... 1,974 2,624 8,774 2,021 4,209 18,822 23,031 114,705 137,736 39 148,049 2,149 2,670 2003 ... 1,500 649 1,992 2,642 40 4,176 18,891 23,067 116,185 2004 ... 8,149 148,935 1,494 650 2,144 139,252 2,108 2,639 41 4,135 19,073 23,208 1,986 141,729 7,591 150,816 653 1,455 2005 ... 118,521 2,117 1,972 2,634 41 4,130 19,242 23,372 121,055 144,427 7,001 152,924 2006 ... 1,455 662 146,046 2,110 41 4,190 19,484 23,674 122,372 2,698 7,078 154,616 2,040 2007 ... 1,451 659 2,140 2,049 2,715 42 4,231 19,748 23,979 121,384 145,363 8,924 155,803 2008 ... 1,474 666 14,265 2,183 2,719 43 4,255 19,723 23,978 115,899 139,877 2,029 155,678 690 1,493 2009 ... Chapter 7 Table 7-6 266

274 Table 7-6: U.S. LABOR FORCE (Continued) End Strength/FTE's (In Thousands) Total Total Other Total U.S. U.S. Private Active Duty DoD Civilian Federal Coast U.S. Unem- State & Total DoD Total U.S. Total U.S. Sector Federal Civil Public Federal Fiscal Year 2 5 1 4 3 Civilian Employment Labor Force Employment Direct Hires Military Guard ployment Local Gov't Service Employment Employment Employment 3 Employmt 2,080 2,823 43 4,372 19,513 23,885 115,179 139,064 14,825 155,438 2010 ... 1,506 743 2,249 2,005 19,228 42 4,315 2,268 23,543 116,327 139,870 13,747 155,160 2011 ... 1,501 767 2,772 1,978 142,469 43 4,262 19,100 23,362 119,107 2,241 12,506 156,494 2012 ... 1,476 765 2,743 143,929 2,198 42 4,199 19,083 23,282 120,647 2,697 11,460 156,891 738 1,460 2013 ... 1,959 2,139 1,941 2,665 41 4,121 19,148 23,269 123,036 146,305 9,617 157,378 2014 ... 1,415 724 2,115 725 40 4,110 19,253 23,363 125,471 148,834 8,296 158,560 1,390 2015 ... 1,955 2,680 7,635 2,027 4,170 19,499 23,669 128,412 152,081 40 161,134 2,103 2,752 2016 ... 1,378 725 1,989 2,715 41 4,138 2017 ... 23,654 129,684 153,338 6,982 161,743 1,382 726 2,108 19,516 2,135 1,991 2,733 42 4,168 742 1,393 2018 Base ... 0.4 0.4 2018 OCO ... 0.4 0.4 742 1,393 2,733 42 4,168 ... 2018 Total 2,135 1,991 2,000 41 2,166 4,207 2019 Base ... 1,421 745 2,745 ... 2019 OCO 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 2,166 2,000 2,745 41 4,208 2019 Total ... 1,421 745 1. Includes full-time Guard and Reserve end strength. Also includes the activation of 25,652 reservists and National Guard personnel in FY 1990, pursuant to section 673b, Title 10 U.S.C.; in FY 1991, 17,059 reservists and National Guard personnel; and in FY 1992, 954 reservists and National Guard personnel, pursuant to sections 672 and 673, Title 10 U.S.C., in support of Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm. 2. Comprised of both U.S. and foreign national civilian direct hires. Foreign national indirect hire civilian employees that support DoD forces overseas are not included. 3. From OMB Analytical Perspectives chapter titled, "Strengthening the Federal Workforce," Table 7-4 (Total Federal Employment). 4. From past Economic Reports of the President (table titled, "Employees on Nonagricultural Payrolls, by Major Industry"), and Bureau of Labor Statistics data. 5. From past Economic Reports of the President (table titled, "Civilian Population and Labor Force"), and Bureau of Labor Statistics data. NOTES: Beginning in FY 1996, the federal civilian work force is measured in full time equivalents (FTE's). For fiscal years 2017 and prior, enacted war and supplemental data are rolled up into the totals. Certain non-Defense employment data were not available past 2017. Beginning in FY 2001, some labor force and unemployment data are not strictly compatible with earlier data, due to population adjustments and other changes. Chapter 7 Table 7-6 267

275 Table 7-7: DEFENSE SHARES OF ECONOMIC AND BUDGETARY AGGREGATES (Percentages of Indicated Totals) DoD as % of Public Employment % of Gross Domestic % of Net Public Spending DoD as % of % of Federal Spending (Federal, State & Local) Product Military & Civilian Civilian Only Fiscal Year Total Labor National National Federal, Federal, National Force Federal DoD DoD DoD Federal Defense State & Local State & Local Defense Defense 1.5 9.3 8.4 17.5 1.7 15.8 1940 ... 1.3 6.0 24.6 15.1 47.2 35.7 1941 ... 5.2 4.1 11.6 38.7 5.5 72.3 29.2 27.3 47.1 44.0 59.1 8.5 16.0 17.4 73.0 67.1 1942 ... 54.3 55.9 82.8 22.9 54.0 89.9 33.9 17.4 33.8 66.5 71.7 36.1 77.0 72.3 84.9 79.8 1943 ... 75.9 67.2 34.9 20.7 35.5 37.0 76.5 86.7 83.1 1944 ... 79.7 91.6 91.5 76.7 68.9 38.0 22.2 1945 ... 36.6 82.5 89.5 75.7 82.1 33.8 18.7 1946 ... 72.8 77.3 61.4 65.2 77.3 49.1 52.5 23.6 7.3 17.6 4.0 27.3 38.3 37.1 5.4 5.5 1947 ... 15.1 40.7 33.5 65.8 28.2 22.1 19.9 63.6 30.8 38.8 13.8 3.6 3.9 3.5 1948 ... 34.1 30.6 65.1 31.8 28.9 33.9 19.7 23.0 1949 ... 39.1 13.7 3.9 4.1 4.8 36.2 11.8 3.4 4.2 4.9 18.5 63.0 28.8 1950 ... 27.4 32.2 21.8 45.5 51.8 6.0 6.8 18.4 48.4 7.2 77.2 34.8 28.9 1951 ... 43.0 42.4 7.5 10.8 12.9 1952 ... 57.2 78.8 50.5 68.1 47.5 50.3 19.4 52.2 13.8 19.1 51.0 46.6 79.0 7.3 42.9 69.4 57.0 1953 ... 11.3 40.7 50.0 78.2 43.6 49.1 17.0 6.7 10.3 12.7 1954 ... 56.5 69.5 10.5 35.5 1955 ... 51.4 62.4 43.2 76.4 40.6 48.4 16.3 6.0 8.6 5.7 41.0 50.1 60.2 9.7 8.1 1956 ... 15.4 48.0 38.4 75.6 34.1 59.3 33.7 40.2 74.9 37.0 46.8 14.5 5.6 8.2 9.8 1957 ... 49.8 34.5 1958 ... 8.3 5.2 13.3 44.9 9.9 73.2 38.3 32.0 56.8 47.6 53.2 44.0 12.8 5.0 8.2 9.7 1959 ... 45.0 72.3 33.1 30.8 36.4 31.8 52.2 7.8 4.8 12.0 42.4 9.0 71.2 35.1 30.3 1960 ... 45.0 29.5 11.6 4.8 7.9 9.1 1961 ... 70.6 44.3 50.8 31.1 41.5 33.8 32.9 8.9 11.5 41.3 32.4 71.9 5.2 29.4 49.0 43.8 1962 ... 8.0 28.6 31.9 70.7 30.8 40.3 10.9 5.0 7.7 8.6 1963 ... 43.1 48.0 70.6 4.9 41.7 46.2 27.8 30.8 1964 ... 29.6 39.9 10.2 7.5 8.3 39.0 9.7 4.7 6.5 7.1 25.2 27.8 69.8 28.2 42.8 38.8 1965 ... 28.4 7.4 9.9 39.6 29.6 71.1 6.9 26.5 43.2 40.2 1966 ... 5.3 45.4 28.6 30.3 71.9 30.6 41.1 10.6 5.7 8.0 8.5 1967 ... 42.8 30.4 1968 ... 8.6 5.8 10.1 40.4 9.1 72.0 31.3 29.5 46.0 43.4 44.9 41.4 10.2 5.6 7.9 8.4 1969 ... 42.4 72.0 29.6 27.8 29.4 69.5 7.3 4.9 9.1 38.9 26.6 7.8 27.0 25.4 41.8 39.4 1970 ... 23.7 67.1 24.0 37.4 8.3 4.4 6.7 7.0 35.4 1971 ... 37.5 22.4 34.3 20.6 21.7 64.5 21.2 36.6 7.8 3.8 6.2 6.5 1972 ... 32.5 63.6 3.5 5.4 7.2 35.3 20.1 5.7 19.9 19.0 31.2 29.8 1973 ... 29.5 18.7 18.2 62.4 19.2 35.0 7.1 3.4 5.2 5.3 28.8 1974 ... Chapter 7 Table 7-7 268

276 Table 7-7: DEFENSE SHARES OF ECONOMIC AND BUDGETARY AGGREGATES (Continued) (Percentages of Indicated Totals) DoD as % of Public Employment % of Gross Domestic % of Net Public Spending DoD as % of % of Federal Spending Product (Federal, State & Local) Military & Civilian Civilian Only Total Labor Fiscal Year National National Federal, Federal, National Force Federal DoD DoD DoD Federal Defense State & Local State & Local Defense Defense 5.3 16.9 16.5 26.0 5.4 25.5 1975 ... 3.2 6.7 34.1 18.3 61.6 17.7 1976 ... 4.9 3.1 6.4 33.3 5.0 60.8 15.7 15.4 24.1 23.6 15.8 3.0 4.7 4.8 23.8 23.4 1977 ... 15.5 32.4 60.2 6.1 17.3 59.6 4.5 2.9 5.9 31.9 16.7 4.6 15.4 15.2 22.8 22.5 1978 ... 16.3 31.8 5.7 2.8 4.5 4.5 15.4 23.1 22.8 1979 ... 15.5 59.6 59.8 16.2 31.8 5.6 2.7 1980 ... 4.8 22.5 22.7 15.3 15.4 4.7 5.0 1981 ... 23.0 23.2 15.8 15.9 60.8 16.7 32.9 5.8 2.7 5.0 2.7 16.9 24.7 24.8 5.6 5.6 1982 ... 5.9 33.5 17.0 61.6 16.9 17.3 17.8 61.9 17.3 34.1 6.1 2.8 5.8 5.9 1983 ... 25.4 26.0 62.0 17.4 25.9 26.7 17.5 18.1 1984 ... 34.4 6.2 2.8 5.6 5.8 34.0 6.3 2.8 5.7 5.9 17.6 61.2 17.3 1985 ... 25.9 26.7 18.1 17.1 27.6 5.9 2.7 6.1 34.0 6.0 61.6 18.4 17.9 1986 ... 26.8 17.6 2.7 5.7 5.9 1987 ... 27.3 61.3 18.2 28.1 16.9 34.0 6.1 17.6 5.6 5.8 32.4 16.3 60.1 2.6 17.0 27.3 26.5 1988 ... 5.5 16.5 17.0 60.4 16.1 33.2 5.8 2.6 5.3 5.4 1989 ... 25.8 26.5 5.1 14.8 1990 ... 23.1 23.9 15.3 59.2 15.3 31.9 5.4 2.5 4.9 2.4 13.2 19.8 20.6 4.5 4.3 1991 ... 5.3 31.3 14.8 58.4 12.6 21.6 13.1 13.7 56.5 13.7 30.6 5.0 2.2 4.5 4.6 1992 ... 20.8 12.8 1993 ... 4.1 2.0 4.7 29.4 4.3 55.1 13.0 12.4 20.7 19.8 19.3 28.7 4.4 1.9 3.7 3.9 1994 ... 18.4 54.0 12.1 11.5 12.1 11.4 17.9 3.4 1.8 4.2 27.6 3.6 52.6 11.1 10.7 1995 ... 17.2 10.0 4.0 1.7 3.2 3.3 1996 ... 53.2 16.2 17.0 11.0 28.0 10.5 10.3 3.2 3.8 27.4 10.7 52.8 1.6 9.9 16.9 16.1 1997 ... 3.0 9.4 9.8 51.9 10.2 26.3 3.6 1.6 2.9 3.0 1998 ... 15.5 16.2 51.0 1.5 15.4 16.1 9.2 9.7 1999 ... 9.8 25.3 3.4 2.7 2.9 24.2 3.2 1.5 2.8 2.9 9.3 9.8 50.1 9.5 16.5 15.7 2000 ... 9.6 2.9 3.1 24.7 9.3 51.0 2.8 9.2 16.4 15.6 2001 ... 1.4 17.3 9.8 10.3 51.4 9.3 24.8 3.0 1.5 3.1 3.2 2002 ... 16.5 9.3 2003 ... 3.4 1.5 3.0 24.3 3.6 51.1 11.3 10.8 18.7 17.9 19.9 24.6 3.0 1.4 3.6 3.8 2004 ... 19.0 51.3 9.3 11.5 12.0 51.0 3.7 1.4 3.0 24.7 9.1 3.8 12.2 11.7 20.0 19.2 2005 ... 12.0 51.3 9.1 25.1 3.0 1.4 3.6 3.8 18.8 2006 ... 19.7 11.5 20.2 11.6 12.1 50.3 8.9 24.4 3.0 1.4 3.7 3.8 2007 ... 19.4 3.2 9.6 15.9 2008 Base ... 19.9 8.9 50.6 12.5 12.1 20.7 4.2 2008 Total ... 4.0 1.4 3.0 24.5 Chapter 7 Table 7-7 269

277 Table 7-7: DEFENSE SHARES OF ECONOMIC AND BUDGETARY AGGREGATES (Continued) (Percentages of Indicated Totals) DoD as % of Public Employment % of Gross Domestic % of Net Public Spending DoD as % of % of Federal Spending Product (Federal, State & Local) Military & Civilian Civilian Only Total Labor Fiscal Year National National Federal, Federal, National Force Federal DoD DoD DoD Federal Defense State & Local State & Local Defense Defense 3.4 9.0 14.0 2009 Base ... 9.1 51.3 1.4 25.4 4.4 4.6 12.1 11.6 18.8 18.1 2009 Total ... 3.1 2010 Base ... 14.6 9.4 3.4 12.9 1.4 3.3 26.3 9.4 51.4 4.7 12.4 20.1 19.3 2010 Total ... 4.5 14.6 3.4 9.4 2011 Base ... 12.1 12.6 52.6 9.6 27.7 3.5 1.5 4.4 4.6 2011 Total ... 18.8 19.6 2012 Base ... 14.9 9.4 3.3 4.2 19.2 2012 Total ... 18.4 11.7 12.1 52.6 9.6 27.9 3.5 1.4 4.1 2013 Base ... 14.7 9.2 3.1 52.3 3.7 1.4 3.4 27.4 9.4 3.8 11.4 11.0 18.3 17.6 2013 Total ... 2014 Base ... 2.9 8.9 14.3 17.2 10.2 10.7 51.9 9.2 27.2 3.3 1.4 3.4 3.5 2014 Total ... 16.5 2.7 8.3 13.2 2015 Base ... 3.1 51.5 10.0 9.5 16.0 15.3 2015 Total ... 1.3 3.3 27.1 9.1 3.3 2016 Base ... 13.3 8.3 2.8 14.7 9.6 50.4 8.9 3.2 2016 Total ... 26.3 15.4 3.1 1.3 3.3 9.2 12.8 2017 Base ... 2.7 7.9 8.9 9.3 50.9 8.9 26.7 3.3 1.3 3.0 3.1 2017 Total ... 14.3 15.0 2.7 13.2 2018 Base ... 8.2 ... * 2018 Total 3.1 3.2 14.2 15.4 8.8 9.6 51.2 27.1 13.5 8.6 2.8 2019 Base ... 3.3 3.1 27.1 51.5 2019 Total ... 9.2 15.6 14.8 9.7 Department of Defense figures for FY 2018 consist of continuing resolution funding, as well as emergency funding per Division B of Public Law 115-96 (Missile Defeat and Defense Enhancements). * NOTES: Beginning in FY 2001, some labor force data are not strictly compatible with earlier data, due to population adjustments and other changes. These figures are calculated from data in the OMB Historical Tables, past Economic Reports of the President, U.S. Census Bureau data, and data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Certain non-Defense data were not available past 2017. All fiscal years 2007 and prior include any enacted war or supplemental funding. Chapter 7 Table 7-7 270

278 GLOSSARY OF TERMS W s contribution to total eighted average of individual prices, where each price is weighted by an item’ Aggregate Price The aggregate price is thus a notional price developed to measure changes in inflation and is expenditures. greatly affected by the relative mix of the items considered, and the change of that mix over time. Annual Rate of Change in Prices easures the year -to-year change in prices , computed by dividing one year’ s aggregate price by the preceding M year’s aggregate price, and subtracting one. A point of reference representing a fixed price level, and is expressed as 1.00 or 100.00. The base year for a set Base Year of index ed numbers can be changed to another year by dividing each number in the series by the index for the desired base year. Budget Authority (BA) The authority to incur legally binding obligations of the f ederal government which will result in immediate or Most Defense BA is provided by the Congress in the form of enacted appropriations. future outlays. M easure of the value of purchased goods and services at price levels which are the same as the base year. Constant Dollars not contain any adjustments for inflationary changes that have occurred , or are forecast to Constant dollars do occur, outside of the base year. Current Dollars I tem s or services are priced in current d ollars if the dollars contain all inflationary changes expected to occur over the duration of their spendout . Current dollars are also called “then year” dollars, “nominal” dollars, “budget” dollars or “fully inflated” dollars. Discretionary Programs F unded annually through the appropriations process. The Budget Enforcement Act (BEA) establish es annual limits or “caps” on the amount of BA available for these programs. M easures the market value of all goods and services produced during a particular time period by individuals, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and government businesses, the United States, whether the citizens or businesses are American or s WITHIN t includes income earned on U.S. soil by foreign. I -owned corporations and foreign citizens , but foreign excludes income earned abroad by U.S.- owned corporations and U.S. citizens . Since GDP refers to production taking place in the U.S., it is considered the appropriate measure for much of the short -term monitoring and analysis of the U.S. economy. Gross National Product (GNP) M easures the market value of all goods and services produced during a particular time period by U.S. s. It includes in come earned abroad by U.S. -owned corporations and individuals, businesses and government U.S. citizens, but excludes income earned on U.S. soil by foreign -owned corporations and foreign citizens. Index A component of a time series, which measures the change in prices from a fixed point in time, and is calculated by setting the base year equal to one, and then multiplying the index value of each year by one plus the annual rate of change of the next year. Glossary Glossary 271

279 GLOSSARY OF TERMS (Continued) Inflation in the level s of prices in the economy. Inflation does not mean that prices rise evenly or that all The changes may be falling. Some prices may be constant and others Prices of some commodities rise prices are rising. faster than others because of differences in the magnitude and direction of changes in supply and demand in various markets. There are many different measures of inflation: mplicit Price Deflator – Generally (1) GDP I regarded as the best single measure of broad price movements in the economy. (2) Consumer Price Index (CPI) – A measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban onsumer goods and services. Although it is often called the consumers for a fixed market basket of c -of- “Cost Living Index,” it measures only price changes, just one of several factors affecting living The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: All Urban Consum costs. ers (CPI -U), representing a majority of the U.S. population, and Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers -W ), which are a subset of the CPI -U’s population. The CPI -U (Medical) index provides the (CPI average change in prices for medical care. (3) ase Index – Developed by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) DoD Purch (C) ); consists of outyear projections based on fiscal guidance from the Office of Management (OUSD and Budget ( OMB ), linked to actual DoD purchase price experience ( calculated by the OUSD (C) ). Mandatory Programs -as-you -go” or PAYGO programs; are direct spending programs and receipts defined as Also known as “pay . This is BA authorized by permanent law, rather than annual appropriations a entitlement authority cts. National Defense The National Defense budget function (function 050) is comprised of: DoD M ilitary (subfunction 051); A tomic Defense Activities Energy efense-R elated Activities (of other federal agencies) (subfunction 053); and D (subfunction 054). This category of the federal budget is interpreted as acti vities pertaining to the nation’ s defense, even outside of DoD activities. Outlays Also known as expenditures or disbursements ; are the liquidation of the f ederal government’ s obligations. Outlays represent the liquidation of obligations incurred over a generally represent cash payments, and may also number of years. For major acquisition and construction programs, the Department operates under a “ full funding” policy by which the Congress approves, in the year of the request, sufficient funds to complete a given quantity of items, even though it may take a number of years to actually build and deliver these items. Thus, in extreme cases (such as building an aircraft carrier), final outlays may be recorded a decade after the budget authority for the program is approved. Glossary Glossary 272

280 GLOSSARY OF TERMS (Continued) Real Growth ; is the amount of growth that does not come from inflation. It is year -to-year Also known as program growth in constant dollars – usually growth expressed as a percentage, and is computed by dividing the constant dollars for one year by the constant dollars of the previous year , and subtracting one. Real growth always implies a relationship between two or more time p eriods. A lso cal led outlay or expenditure rates; are the expected cash flow for a given appropriation or category of Spendout Rates funds, in a given year. These rates range from 100 percent in expressed as the percent expected to be disbursed (as with military or civilian pay) ). one year to as much as 100 percent over ten years (as in ship construction Total Obligational Authority (TOA) A DoD financial expressing the value of the direct Defense program for a fiscal year. The TOA differ s term from the BA in several ways, including: (1) BA lapsing before oblig ations were incurred (decreases TOA with no effect on BA). (2) funding Proposed or enacted legislation transferring unobligated balances for which the purpose of the Scoring rule has changed. s require that such a transfer be reflected as a change in BA in the year in which the transfer occurs (reduction of BA in the losing account ; increase in BA in the gaining TOA is adjusted in the original program, regardless of when the transaction occurs. account). The Reappropriations (the extension of availability of previously appropriated funds). Reappropriations are (3) scored as BA in the first year of extended availability. The TOA is unchanged. (4) Rescissions (c ongressional action canceling new budget authority or unobligated balances). Scoring rules require that rescissions be scored as reductions in budget authority in the fiscal year in which the rescissions are enacted. The TOA is adjusted in the program year of the rescinded funds. If rescissions are proposed in the budget, they would be reflected as if enacted. (5) Net Offsetting Receipts (collections from the public that arise out of the business -type or market - oriented activities of the federal government and are deposited in receipt accounts). Net offsetting receipts are deducted from BA but have no effect on TOA. Glossary Glossary 273

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282 NOTES Civilian Pay c ivilian pay as displayed and used for calculati ng the figures in this book changes over the The composition of civilian pay consisted of everything: funding for all U.S. hires, foreign the figures fiscal years. Originally, , and all personnel benefits. This is the case for the historical data hires, direct and reimbursably-funded hires , FY 2010. up through The figures for FY 2011 and later are intended to represent the civilian pay dollars to which the civilian pay raise rates are applied. This excludes all foreign hire funding, civilian retirement benefits, and a small portion of other personnel benefits. -mentioned parameters can be found in Table 6 -14 , “ Dep artment of However, one exception to the above Defense Civilian Pay and the corresponding Table 6 -15 , “ Department of Defense Civilian Pay” – in constant ” ( tables are designed to match the civilian pay reported in the Department’ s dollars). For 2011 onward, these -8 exhibit, “Total Civilian Personnel Costs,” as part of the annual submission of Defense budget justification OP material to the Congress. Gross National Product In December 1991, U.S. N ational Income and Product Accounts (NIPAs) shifted emphasis from the Gross & Gross Domestic Product GNP) to t he Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Both GNP and GDP measure output at market National Product ( The distinction between GNP and GDP is not very great for the prices, but in a slightly different manner. United States because relatively few U.S. citizens work abroad, and U.S. earnings on foreign investments are about the same as foreign earnings within the United States. Change in Account Structure In FY 1992 and FY 1993, funds were appropriated in Defense accounts supporting domestic, rather than defense, programs. Using the rules and definitions of the Budget Enforcement Act, the OMB scored these appropriations in the correct domestic functions rather than in the DoD Military subfunction (051). Data in this book display the total DoD budget request and include these amounts. Changes in Scorekeeping Rescissions: Before the amended FY 1989 budget was submitted, rescissions of prior year unobligated balances were reflected as adjustments only against TOA in the applicable program year. However, since then, both the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) an d the OMB score such rescissions as reductions to current year B A with one large exception. Fifteen dollars were appropriated for the Persian Gulf Regional Defense Fund in billion FY 1991. Only $304 million was transferred to other defense account s to offset Operation Desert Storm costs. The balance of $14.696 billion was rescinded, and FY 1991 BA was reduced rather than reducing BA in the current year. Reappropriations were previously scored as new BA in the year of legislation. However, in presenting the amended FY 1989 budget, the CBO and the OMB directed scoring of reappropriations as BA in the first year of new availability (first year after original availability would lapse) . Notes Notes 275

283 NOTES (Continued) Retired Pay/Accrual In accrual -based financing, transactions are counted when the order is made or a service takes place, even if no cash has changed hands yet. Cash -based financing recognizes transactions only when cash is actually received or paid. For FY 1985, the OMB historical tables moved National Defense BA and outlays for the actual Military Retired Pay accounts (which -based) from the DoD M ilitary sub function (051) to the Income were cash Security function (600), and replaced it with an estimate for Military Retired Pay Accrual. So for FY 1948 through FY 1984, the DoD BA and outlay tables in this book reflect military retired pay on a CASH basis. After FY 1984, the BA and outlays reflect only the ACCRU AL cost of military retirement. The FY 2003 budget shifted the costs of civilian and mi litary health care from central accounts to which they had been charged, to the affected program accounts as accruals. For comparability, the OMB included imputed amounts for these shifts in their FY 2001 and FY 2002 data for the DoD M ilitary subfunction (051). This book does not include the accrual costs of those transfers . Notes Notes 276

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