1 Commercial and institu tional buildings use a large portion of municipally supplied water in the ctor, United States. With so many businesses making up the commercial and institutional se . es WaterSense at Work: Best Management Practic there are great opportunities to conserve water for Commercial and Institutional Facilities promotes water -efficient techniques that can be applied across a wide range of facilities with varying water needs . Water used in hospitals and other health care facilities comprises mmercial 7 percent of the total water use in co 1 and institutional facilities in the United States. The largest are uses of water in hospitals pment, cooling equi plumbing fixtures, lands caping, and medical process rin ses . Operational costs and environmental impacts are influenced by water use. Industry estimates suggest that water plementing im commercial and t practices in -efficien institutional facilities can decrease ope rating costs by by percent and ap energy and water use 10 proximately 11 3 and 15 percent, r espectively . facility managers can benefit from emplo ying Hospital Created by analyzing data from: New Mexico Office of the State operational practices through -efficient water Engineer, American Water Works Association (AWWA), AWWA exa mple, upgraded equipment. For improvements and Research Foundation, and East Bay Municipal Utility District. high -performing equipment and fixtures are now use at least 20 percent less er than available that wat THE BUSINESS CASE FO R WATER EFFICIENCY mo . standard dels Over the past 10 years, the costs of water and wastewater services have risen at a rate well above the consumer To increase savings beyond utility bills , hospital f acility price index. Hospital facility mana gers can expect these managers can take adv antage of financial incentives for ncrease in order to and other ut ility costs to continue to i -efficient equipment. Many local utilities in stalling water pply systems. offset the costs of replacing aging water su -saving projects, allowing offer rebates for taking on water selves. equipment upgrades to pay for them Putting Water Efficiency to Work , and After an extensive leak detection program, a Washington State hospital replaced and retrofitted its restroom, kitchen, mechanical ical fixtures and equipment with water-efficient models. The hospital estimates that it saves approximately $140,000 per year in med r in water use. water and wastewater bills and 3.9 million gallons per yea - - 032 EPA 12 832 - F - MAIL PHONE WEBSITE E [email protected] (866) WTR - SENS (987 - 7367) www.epa.gov/watersense November 2012
2 Saving Water in Hospitals WaterSense at Work: Best the following sections of Hospital patients and staff can benefit directly from wat er- Practices for Commercial and Institutional Management efficiency measures as well. Patients have expressed Facil ities : greater satisfaction with environmentally sustainable practices, while staff efficiency can be improved by • Section 1: Getting Started upgrading -ray equipment. tec hnology , such as digital X Section 2: Water Use Monitoring and Education • WaterSense at Work elp health care provides tips to h • Section 3: Sanitary Fixtures and Equ ipment plement measures and make upgrades to facilities im Section 4: Commercial Kitchen Equipment • -efficient, which is good for the health become more water • Section 5: Outdoor Water Use nization. of the entire orga • Section 6: Mechanical Systems • Section 7: Laboratory and Medical Equipment WORK USING WATERSENSE AT • Section 8: Onsite Alternative Water Sources More information on operations, maintenance, and user ation of equipment a educ in nd processes can be found Look for the Label bathroom faucets, and flushing urinals • Install WaterSense labeled showerheads, toilets, where appropriate. • WaterSense labeled products have been independently certified to be at least 20 -efficient and perform as well or better than standard models. percent more w ater Check automatic sensors on faucets, toilets, and urinals to ensure they are operating • . properly and avoid un necessary water use Water Landscapes Wisely • Design water -smart landscapes that provide beautiful surroundings while reducing water needed for irrig ation . Improve irrigation efficiency by hiring a professional certified through a WaterSense • labeled program to a -efficient udit an existing system or design and i nstall a water system. • Cut down on water loss from evaporation, wind, and runoff by replacing existing clock rs with WaterSense labeled irrigation controllers. time Keep Cooling Towers Cool pment -efficiency measures to reduce the need for building and equi Implement energy • cooling and heating, which will reduce amount of water required by these systems. • Keep indoor temperatures at a comfortable setting while increasing the efficiency of cooling towers, evaporative coolers, and boilers by using alternative sources of wa ter, such as air handler condensate and capture d rainwater. Monitor cooling tower and boiler water chemistry to minimize the mineral buildup in the • system and maximize the number of times water can be recycled through the system. , visit the Water WaterSense at Work For more information or to download a copy of Sense website at . www.epa.gov/watersense/commercial 1 Dziegielewski, et al. 2000. Commercial and Institut ional End Uses of Water . American Water Works Association Research Foundation. 2 McGraw 2009. Water Use in Buildings SmartMarket Report. -Hill Construction.
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