Microsoft Word Document1

Transcript

1 Declaration on the Elimination of All Fo rms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief Proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 36/55 of 25 November 1981 The General Assembly, arter of the United Nations is that of the dignity Considering that one of the basic principles of the Ch and equality inherent in all human beings, and that all Member States have pledged themselves to take joint and separate action in co-operation with the Organization to promote and encourage universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion, Considering that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenants on Human Rights proclaim the principles of non-discrimination and equality before the law and the right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion and belief, of human rights and fundamental freedoms, in Considering that the disregard and infringement science, religion or whatever belief, have brought, particular of the right to freedom of thought, con mankind, especially where they serve as a means of directly or indirectly, wars and great suffering to foreign interference in the internal affairs of ot her States and amount to kindling hatred between peoples and nations, Considering that religion or belief, for anyone who professes either, is one of the fundamental elements in his conception of life and that freedom of religion or belief should be fully respected and guaranteed, Considering that it is essential to promote understanding, tolerance and respect in matters relating to freedom of religion and belief and to ensure that the us e of religion or belief for ends inconsistent with the Charter of the United Nations, other relevant instruments of the United Nations and the purposes and principles of the present Declaration is inadmissible, Convinced that freedom of religion and belief should also contribute to the attainment of the goals of world peace, social justice and friendship among peoples and to the elimination of ideologies or practices of colonialism and racial discrimination, d the coming into force of some, conventions, under Noting with satisfaction the adoption of several, an d agencies, for the elimination of various forms of the aegis of the United Nations and of the specialize discrimination, Concerned by manifestations of intolerance and by the existence of discrimination in matters of religion or belief still in evidence in some areas of the world, Resolved to adopt all necessary measures for the speedy elimination of such intolerance in all its forms and manifestations and to prevent and combat discr imination on the ground of religion or belief, Proclaims this Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief: Article 1 1. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have a religion or whatever belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching. 2. No one shall be subject to coercion which would impair his freedom to have a religion or belief of his choice.

2 2 ligion or belief may be subject only to such limitations as are 3. Freedom to manifest one's re prescribed by law and are necessary to protect public safety, order, health or morals or the fundamental rights and freedoms of others. Article 2 1. No one shall be subject to discrimination by any St ate, institution, group of persons, or person on the grounds of religion or other belief. 2. For the purposes of the present Declaration, the expression "intolerance and discrimination based on religion or belief" means any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on religion or belief and having as its purpose or as its effect nullification or impairment of the recognition, enjoyment or exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms on an equal basis. Article 3 Discrimination between human beings on the grounds of religion or belief constitutes an affront to human dignity and a disavowal of the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and shall be fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the Universal condemned as a violation of the human rights and Declaration of Human Rights and enunciated in detail in the International Covenants on Human Rights, and as an obstacle to friendly and peaceful relations between nations. Article 4 1. All States shall take effective measures to pr event and eliminate discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief in the recognition, exercise and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms in all fields of civil, economic, political, social and cultural life. 2. All States shall make all efforts to enact or rescind legislation where necessary to prohibit any such discrimination, and to take all appropriate measures to combat intolerance on the grounds of religion or other beliefs in this matter. Article 5 dians of the child have the right to organize the 1. The parents or, as the case may be, the legal guar life within the family in accordance with their religion or belief and bearing in mind the moral education in which they believe the child should be brought up. 2. Every child shall enjoy the right to have access to education in the matter of religion or belief in accordance with the wishes of his parents or, as the case may be, legal guardians, and shall not be compelled to receive teaching on religion or belief against the wishes of his parents or legal guardians, the best interests of the child being the guiding principle. 3. The child shall be protected from any form of disc rimination on the ground of religion or belief. He shall be brought up in a spirit of understanding , tolerance, friendship among peoples, peace and universal brotherhood, respect for freedom of religion or belief of others, and in full consciousness that his energy and talents should be devoted to the service of his fellow men. 4. In the case of a child who is not under the care either of his parents or of legal guardians, due account shall be taken of their expressed wishes or of any other proof of their wishes in the matter of religion or belief, the best interests of the child being the guiding principle. 5. Practices of a religion or belief in which a child is brought up must not be injurious to his physical or mental health or to his full deve lopment, taking into account article 1, paragraph 3, of the present Declaration. Article 6

3 3 ion, and subject to the provisions of article 1, In accordance with article 1 of the present Declarat paragraph 3, the right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief shall include, inter alia , the following freedoms: ( a ) To worship or assemble in connection with a religion or belief, and to establish and maintain places for these purposes; ( b ) To establish and maintain appropriate charitable or humanitarian institutions; ( c ) To make, acquire and use to an adequate extent the necessary articles and materials related to the rites or customs of a religion or belief; ( d ) To write, issue and disseminate relevant publications in these areas; ( e ) To teach a religion or belief in places suitable for these purposes; ( f ) To solicit and receive voluntary financial and other contributions from individuals and institutions; ( g ) To train, appoint, elect or designate by succession appropriate leaders called for by the requirements and standards of any religion or belief; ( h ) To observe days of rest and to celebrate holidays and ceremonies in accordance with the precepts of one's religion or belief; ( i ) To establish and maintain communications with individuals and communities in matters of religion and belief at the national and international levels. Article 7 The rights and freedoms set forth in the present Declar ation shall be accorded in national legislation in such a manner that everyone shall be able to avail himself of such rights and freedoms in practice. Article 8 Nothing in the present Declaration shall be constr ued as restricting or derogating from any right defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenants on Human Rights.

Related documents

Implementation Handbook For The Convention On The Rights Of The Child

Implementation Handbook For The Convention On The Rights Of The Child

IMPLEMENTATION HANDBOOK FOR THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD FULLY REVISED THIRD EDITION IMPLEMENTATION HANDBOOK IMPLEMENTATION HANDBOOK FOR THE CONVENTION ON THE FOR THE CONVENTION ON THE RI...

More info »
Protecting Statutory Conscience Rights in Health Care; Delegations of Authority

Protecting Statutory Conscience Rights in Health Care; Delegations of Authority

This HHS‐approved document is b eing submitted to the Office of publication and has not the Federal Register (OFR) for y or published in the Federal R yet been placed on public displa egister. This do...

More info »
WJP ROLI 2017 18 Online Edition 0

WJP ROLI 2017 18 Online Edition 0

l i a a o a i z a n r a s n i a i i a a n a e r d v v z F o i g a w i B o l l o l o m s d J a I o b e r t u g e s a t a u l a n i e i m e o B u B B n i l m z a r y g h s a a B r l k a m a n i o r J l ...

More info »
WJP ROLI 2018 June Online Edition 0

WJP ROLI 2018 June Online Edition 0

It a a J a azil ari aso vi a J ze Br swan a F bodi ada am um J aly er oon Boli Bulg Beli a aic Bot arus Chile K Can Cam apan a h Belgi ados Cam Bel bi a Burkin Chin or dan azakh a K as Barb e gl ades ...

More info »
Assessment of Minority Voting Rights Access

Assessment of Minority Voting Rights Access

AN ASSESSMENT OF MINORITY VOTING RIGHTS ACCESS IN THE UNITED STATES An Assessment of MINORITY VOTING RIGHTS ACCESS in the United States ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ 018 STATUTORY REPORT 2 U.S. COMMISSION ON CI...

More info »
WEF GGGR 2017

WEF GGGR 2017

Insight Report The Global Gender Gap Report 2 017

More info »
Was the Disparate Impact Theory a Mistake?

Was the Disparate Impact Theory a Mistake?

GW Law Faculty Publications & Othe Faculty Scholarship r Works 2006 Was the Disparate Impact Theory a Mistake? Michael Selmi orge W ashington U niversit y L aw Sc hool , [email protected] aw.gwu.edu Ge http://...

More info »
Where Am I Going To Go

Where Am I Going To Go

WHERE AM I GOING TO GO? INTERSECTIONAL APPROACHES TO ENDING LGBTQ2S YOUTH HOMELESSNESS IN CANADA & THE U.S. EDITED BY: ALEX ABRAMOVICH & JAMA SHELTON

More info »
Prohibiting Discrimination in Washington Public Schools

Prohibiting Discrimination in Washington Public Schools

Prohibiting Discrimination in Washington Public Schools for school districts to implement Guidelines - Chapters 28A.640 and 28A.642 RCW and Chapter 392 190 WAC Randy I. Dorn State Superintendent of Fe...

More info »
Human rights indicators en

Human rights indicators en

HUMAN RIGHTS INDICATORS A Guide to Measurement and Implementation We should never forget that behind every piece of statistical data are human beings who were born free and equal in dignity and rights...

More info »
World Report 2018 Book

World Report 2018 Book

A M U H N S T H G I R C W A T H D R E P O O R T| 2 0 1 8 W R L S 7 0 2 O 1 T N E V E F

More info »
Handbook on Prisoners with special needs (CRIMINAL JUSTICE HANDBOOK SERIES)

Handbook on Prisoners with special needs (CRIMINAL JUSTICE HANDBOOK SERIES)

Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria Tel: (+43-1) 26060-0, Fax: (+43-1) 26060-5866, www.unodc.org Handbook on Prisoners with special needs FOR UNITED NATIONS USE ONLY CRIMINAL...

More info »
reportcover

reportcover

HUMAN “ONLY MEN RIGHTS WATCH NEED APPLY” Gender Discrimination in Job Advertisements in China

More info »
full annual review

full annual review

ILGA-Europe Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People in Europe 2018 ILGA-Europe Annual Review 2018 139

More info »
A/HRC/39/CRP.2 in Word

A/HRC/39/CRP.2 in Word

/HRC/39/CRP.2 A September 2018 17 only English Human Rights Council Thirty ninth session - 10 28 September 2018 – Agenda item 4 Human rights situations that require the Council’s attention Report of t...

More info »
13128

13128

This PDF is available from The National Academies Press at http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13128 The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better...

More info »
miles to go en

miles to go en

GLOBAL AIDS UPDATE 2018 MILES TO GO CLOSING GAPS BREAKING BARRIERS RIGHTING INJUSTICES

More info »
bfd report december 2018

bfd report december 2018

T 617. 542.6789 STONEMAN, 99 HIGH STREET CHANDLER 617.556.8989 F BOSTON, MA 02110 LLP &MILLER SCM www.scmllp.com s at y o r n e tt A aw rllilllEll~liill9 L STATUS THE ON REPORT FIREFIGHTERS IN OF FEMA...

More info »
AndersBehringBreivikManifesto

AndersBehringBreivikManifesto

2011 , London – By Andrew Berwick

More info »