High wages after high school without a bachelor's degree

Transcript

1 High wages after high school— without a bachelor’s degree

2 hat’s the best way to enter a high- paying career without having a W bachelor’s degree? Well, there are lots of ways. An associate’s degree, a postsec - ondary non-degree award, or a high school diploma—often coupled with work experience in a related occupation, on-the-job training, or both—can lead to a job that really pays off. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), 80 occupations typically require less than a bachelor’s degree to enter and had median annual wages of over $50,000 in May 2010. Some of them had median wages that were much higher than that. The occupations are diverse and wide ranging. They include different types of managers, technicians, and repairers, as well as registered nurses, commercial divers, and fashion designers. And they are employed across nearly all industries. This article looks at these occupations in greater detail. It uses BLS data to show how much workers earn and the number of expected job openings from 2010 to 2020. It also explains the education and training work - ers typically need to enter these occupations and to become competent at performing them. The first section of the article is about Elka Torpey education and earnings—and describes the terms used by BLS. The second section pres - more education have higher wages than those - ents high-paying occupations for three educa with less education. But you don’t always need tion levels: associate’s degree, postsecondary a bachelor’s degree to land a high-paying job. non-degree award, and high school diploma. Lots of occupations with high wages don’t - Tables highlight information about the occu require a bachelor’s degree. Many of these pations. Accompanying text describes the occupations, however, require other educa - five top-paying occupations in each education tion after high school, such as an associate’s category. And ways to learn more about the degree or postsecondary non-degree award. occupations in this article—and others not And those that don’t need more education described here—are provided at the end. almost always involve some form of work Elka Torpey is an experience or on-the-job training. economist in the Education and earnings Office of Occupa - BLS education and training categories tional Statistics BLS assigns three categories to occupations. More than 60 percent of U.S. workers don’t and Employment The categories are as follows: have a bachelor’s degree, BLS data show. And some of these workers without a bachelor’s • Typical education needed for entry Projections, BLS. degree earned more than $33,840, the median Work experience in a related occupa • - She is available annual wage for all workers in May 2010. tion at [email protected] • Typical on-the-job training needed to Wages are affected by many factors, one of bls.gov . attain competency. which is education. Generally, people with • 25 Occupational Outlook Quarterly Summer 2012

3 The category assignments are designed But wages are only part of any career to give a more complete picture of the typical equation. Type of work, working conditions, requirements for workers to enter or attain job satisfaction, and other factors influence competency in an occupation. Workers usually occupation choice. - need some combination of education, experi Money matters. Not all workers in these - ence, and training to get a job in their occupa occupations earned more than $50,000, tion of choice. although some made considerably more. For There are eight education levels. The example, the median annual wage for loan three highest levels of education are doctoral officers was $56,490 in May 2010—but the or professional degree, master’s degree, and lowest earning 10 percent of workers made bachelor’s degree. Occupations from two other $30,930 or less. And the highest earning 10 education levels—some college but no degree percent made $112,370 or more. and less than a high school diploma—are not Wages include hourly, weekly, or annual included in this article because so few of them pay that people receive for the work they had high wages. This article focuses on high- do. Tips, sales commissions, and production earning occupations at three education levels bonuses are also included. But overtime and below the bachelor’s degree: nonproduction bonuses are not. • Associate’s degree All of the wage data in this article come Postsecondary non-degree award • from the BLS Occupational Employment Sta - • High school diploma tistics (OES) survey. The data are from 2010, The occupations discussed in this article - the base year of the BLS 2010–20 employ typically do not require a bachelor’s degree ment projections. The OES survey does not to enter. In any occupation, however, workers collect information on self-employed workers, may have more or less education than what is so the data do not include the wages of these typically needed for entry. workers. Requirements for work experience in a Other factors. Another factor to consider related occupation are as follows: when choosing an occupation is the type of • More than 5 years work you would like to do. For example, some • 1 to 5 years people might enjoy working with objects or • Less than 1 year tools; others might prefer managing people or None • projects. On-the-job training assignments are as Working conditions also influence career follows: decisions: some occupations with high median • Internship/residency wages, for example, require long hours. High- Apprenticeship • paying occupations can also be stressful. Or • Long-term on-the-job training (more they might involve nonstandard schedules or than 12 months) difficult or hazardous work environments. • Moderate-term on-the-job training (1 Plus, a job’s rewards aren’t always in the to 12 months) form of pay. Workers in some occupations, Short-term on-the-job training (1 • such as those in childcare or social services, month or less) are willing to earn less for the personal satis - None • faction they get from their jobs. Other non - wage benefits include vacation time, flexible Money—and more schedules, and health insurance. When thinking about which occupation to The occupations in this article all had median pursue, you might also consider whether you’ll annual wages greater than $50,000 in May be likely to find a job in that field. The number 2010. A median annual wage means that half of projected job openings in an occupation is of workers in the occupation earned more than one indication of whether jobs are likely to be that amount, and half earned less. Occupational Outlook Quarterly • Summer 2012 26

4 plentiful or scarce. Each of the tables in the occupation—registered nurses—is projected next section provides data on projected job to have over 1.2 million job openings from openings. 2010 to 2020. Still other factors, such as advancement In addition to healthcare occupations, potential and job security, may also come into high-paying occupations at this education play when selecting a career. level include technicians, managers, and others. In May 2010, 20 occupations that typically require an associate’s degree for High-paying occupations entry had median annual wages of more than $50,000. by education level An associate’s degree usually requires between 2 and 4 years of full-time academic Most high-earning workers who don’t have a study after high school. These programs bachelor’s degree have an associate’s degree, often prepare students for a specific career. a postsecondary non-degree award, or a high For example, occupational therapy assistants - school diploma as their highest level of educa generally must complete a 2-year occupational tion. therapy assistant program. - The following sections present informa tion about the five highest earning occupations Associate’s degree programs are offered within a particular level of education. Each of at public community colleges, private 2-year the sections also includes a table, with occupa - colleges, for-profit technical institutes, and tions ranked by median annual wage. some 4-year colleges and universities. Earning an associate’s degree can be a Associate’s degree relatively fast track to high earnings: most of the high-wage associate’s degree level jobs Healthcare is expected to be among the don’t require on-the-job training or work fastest-growing industries over the next experience in a related occupation. decade—and an associate’s degree is a great way to prepare for many high-paying, high- Air traffic controllers. These workers demand careers in this industry. Nearly half of monitor and direct the movement of aircraft. the occupations shown in table 1 (on page 28) (Continued on page 29) are related to healthcare. And one healthcare In May 2010, air traffic controllers had the highest median annual wage among occupations in which workers typically don’t need a bachelor’s degree. • 27 Occupational Outlook Quarterly Summer 2012

5 Table 1: Occupations typically requiring an associate’s degree On-the-job Projected job Work Median annual Occupation 2 1 openings, 2010-20 training experience wage, May 2010 Long-term on- 10,200 $108,040 Air traffic controllers None the-job training 1 to 5 410,100 General and operations managers 94,400 None years More than Construction managers 83,860 120,400 None 5 years Radiation therapists 74,980 6,700 None None Nuclear medicine technologists 7,500 None None 68,560 Dental hygienists 68,250 104,900 None None Moderate-term 68,090 None Nuclear technicians on-the-job 3,300 training Registered nurses 64,690 1,207,400 None None Diagnostic medical sonographers 64,380 31,700 None None Aerospace engineering and None None 58,080 1,700 operations technicians Engineering technicians, except 58,020 None None 16,800 drafters, all other Electrical and electronics 56,040 31,800 None None engineering technicians Radiologic technologists and None 54,340 95,100 None technicians Funeral service managers, directors, 54,330 10,700 None Apprenticeship morticians, and undertakers Respiratory therapists 54,280 52,700 None None Moderate-term Geological and petroleum on-the-job 54,020 7,000 None technicians training 53,020 None None Electrical and electronics drafters 7,200 51,010 Occupational therapy assistants None None 16,800 Precision instrument and equipment Long-term on- 50,910 5,500 None repairers, all other the-job training Mechanical engineering technicians 50,110 10,400 None None 1 May 2010 median annual wage for all occupations: $33,840. Wage data are for wage and salary workers only. 2 Denotes work experience in a related occupation. Source: BLS Employment Projections program (projected job openings, education and training data), Occupational Employment Statistics program (wage data). Occupational Outlook Quarterly • Summer 2012 28

6 (Continued from page 27) such as sales manager or production man - ager. Often, this experience is with the same employer or in the same industry. Almost all of them work for the Federal Avia - tion Administration (FAA). Jobs for general and operations manag - ers are stressful because these workers are - Median annual wages of air traffic con responsible for many aspects of their organi - trollers are the highest of any occupation in zation, including its overall success. About 38 - which workers typically do not need a bach percent of workers spent 50 hours or more a elor’s degree. However, entry requirements are week on the job in 2010. strict. And although a bachelor’s degree is not always required, many workers in this occupa - Construction managers. These workers tion have one. oversee a construction project from start to finish. They set timelines, prepare contracts, To enter the occupation, most workers and manage budgets. They also determine need an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in which construction methods to use, and they air traffic control or a related subject from a hire and supervise workers to complete the program approved by the FAA’s Air Traffic- project. Throughout the process, they ensure Collegiate Training Initiative. Air traffic compliance with building and safety codes controllers also must meet other criteria. For or other regulations. Construction managers example, they generally must be age 30 or may have job titles such as project manager, younger, pass a pre-employment test, and get construction foreman, and job superintendent. medical and security clearances. - About 64 percent of construction man After they are hired, workers get up to 12 agers were self-employed in 2010. Others weeks of training at the FAA Academy, fol - worked for residential and nonresidential lowed by additional on-the-job training. Work as an air traffic controller requires focus and is often stressful. Night and week - Construction managers end shift work may be required, as many ensure compliance with control towers and centers are open 24 hours a building codes and other day, 7 days a week. Most air traffic controllers are members of a union. regulations. General and operations managers. - Coordinating an organization’s daily activi ties, these managers might develop policies, oversee budget activities, or review sales reports. They are employed in a wide range of industries, including manufacturing; retail trade; professional, scientific, and technical services; and wholesale trade. Others work in finance and insurance, healthcare and social assistance, government, and administrative and support services. Because of the variety of industries in which they work, general and operations man - agers’ education requirements also vary. Some workers need no more education than a high school diploma. But others need an associate’s degree. Still others need a bachelor’s or higher degree. Most general and operations managers work their way up from lower-level positions, • 29 Occupational Outlook Quarterly Summer 2012

7 Radiologic Technologists is required in some construction companies and specialty trade states and by some employers. contractors. Nuclear medicine technologists. These Education requirements for these workers workers administer radioactive drugs to vary. Some construction managers need an patients and then use special equipment to associate’s degree in construction manage - observe the behavior of these drugs. Their ment or construction technology. Others might - work helps other healthcare specialists diag need a high school diploma, bachelor’s degree, - nose and treat various diseases, such as can or master’s degree. Most also have experience cer. To lower the risks of radiation exposure, in a construction-related field, such as having workers must follow safety standards. - worked as a carpenter, construction supervi Most nuclear medicine technologists sor, or cost estimator. work in hospitals. Others work in physicians’ Construction managers often perform offices, diagnostic and medical laboratories, under pressure and must be able to manage other healthcare facilities, or schools. multiple activities at the same time. Like These workers typically need an associ - many managers, these workers spend long ate’s degree in nuclear medicine technology, hours on the job. In 2010, about 25 percent although some earn a bachelor’s degree or of construction managers worked 50 hours or other award. States might require workers to more a week. be licensed. And certification by the Ameri - Radiation therapists. - When administer can Registry of Radiologic Technologists or ing prescribed doses of radiation to patients, by the Nuclear Medicine Technology Certi - radiation therapists check equipment, observe fication Board may also be required in some patients’ reactions to treatment, and document states. the session. Radiation is dangerous, so these workers follow safety procedures to protect Postsecondary non-degree award themselves, their patients, and others. Most radiation therapists work in hospi - Formal education after high school doesn’t tals. Others work in physicians’ offices, other always involve earning a degree. For some healthcare facilities, or schools that teach - occupations, workers typically need postsec radiation therapy. ondary education that leads to a certificate or other award but that does not lead to a degree. To become a radiation therapist, workers The length of these postsecondary non-degree - typically need an associate’s degree, bache programs varies from a few weeks to 2 years. lor’s degree, or certificate in radiation therapy. In many states, workers also must be licensed. Eleven occupations that typically require a Certification by the American Registry of postsecondary non-degree award for entry had Some high-paying jobs that do not require a bachelor’s degree involve stress or danger. Occupational Outlook Quarterly • Summer 2012 30

8 Table 2: Occupations typically requiring a postsecondary non-degree award Projected job Work On-the-job Median annual Occupation 1 2 experience openings, 2010-20 training wage, May 2010 First-line supervisors of fire fighting 1 to 5 33,100 None $68,240 years and prevention workers None Commercial pilots 67,500 19,300 None Electrical and electronics repairers, Long-term on- 65,230 6,900 None powerhouse, substation, and relay the-job training Moderate-term 56,230 None on-the-job 2,700 Insurance appraisers, auto damage training Moderate-term Telecommunications equipment 54,710 59,300 installers and repairers, except line None on-the-job installers training Aircraft mechanics and service 45,200 None None 53,420 technicians Moderate-term None 1,300 53,230 Signal and track switch repairers on-the-job training 1 to 5 First-line supervisors of production None 87,900 53,090 years and operating workers Avionics technicians 52,320 5,800 None None Electrical and electronics repairers, Long-term on- None 17,700 51,820 commercial and industrial the-job training equipment Moderate-term Commercial divers on-the-job 1,300 None 51,360 training 1 May 2010 median annual wage for all occupations: $33,840. Wage data are for wage and salary workers only. 2 Denotes work experience in a related occupation. Source: BLS Employment Projections program (projected job openings, education and training data), Occupational Employment Statistics program (wage data). mander, crew boss, and county forest ranger. median annual wages greater than $50,000 Most are employed by local governments. in May 2010. (See table 2.) Some of them are related to installation and repair work. Others First-line supervisors typically must have involve aircraft or avionics. worked as a firefighter or in a similar job for at least 1 to 5 years. Workers usually need to To qualify for most of these occupations, have earned an emergency medical technician workers need moderate- or long-term on-the- or paramedic certificate. job training or work experience in a related occupation in addition to a postsecondary Many states require first-line supervisors non-degree award. to complete certification programs, which are frequently offered by local fire academies. First-line supervisors of fire fighting - The New York City Fire Academy, for exam and prevention workers. These supervisors ple, requires first-line supervisors to complete oversee the activities of firefighters and related its 4-week training program. Similarly, the workers. They may have job titles such as fire National Fire Academy has an executive fire chief, fire lieutenant, fire marshal, shift com - • 31 Occupational Outlook Quarterly Summer 2012

9 Commercial pilots fly helicopters or aircraft on unscheduled routes. such as hearing loss due to noisy engines and officer certification for workers who have an pesticide exposure from crop dusting. Some associate’s degree. commercial pilots are union members. Jobs for supervisors of fire fighting and Powerhouse, substation, and relay prevention workers involve both stress and These electrical and electronics repairers. danger. Injury rates for fire fighting workers - workers maintain and fix equipment in elec are higher than those for workers in other tric power plants and in the substations and occupations. Hours and schedules vary—and - relay stations that bring electricity to consum may involve around-the-clock work. ers. A worker in this occupation may also be Commercial pilots. These pilots fly and known as an instrument and control techni - - navigate helicopters or aircraft on unsched cian, relay technician, or substation mechanic. uled routes. Their jobs are different from - Most of them are employed by utility compa those of airline pilots, who fly on scheduled nies. Others work for local governments. - routes, usually for major air carriers. Com Workers receive long-term on-the-job mercial pilots may fly helicopters or planes training after they are employed. Formal that monitor traffic, spray pesticides on crops, apprenticeship programs—in which people or transport people to hospitals. Some fly pri - - work while learning the job tasks—are avail vate jets. Others are flight instructors. able for this occupation. And some workers About 9 percent of commercial pilots earn an associate’s degree. were self-employed in 2010. Others worked in Working with electricity is dangerous, nonscheduled air transportation, technical and and work-related injuries are common in this - trade schools, scenic and sightseeing transpor occupation. tation, and ambulance services. Auto damage insurance appraisers. Like airline pilots, commercial pilots For insurance claim purposes, these workers need a license. They prepare by completing a inspect damaged motor vehicles and estimate postsecondary non-degree award program at a repair costs. Most work for insurance carriers military or civilian flight school or by taking or insurance agencies and brokerages. lessons from an FAA-certified instructor. Workers typically complete a program Many commercial pilots have variable in auto damage appraisal. Before they can schedules. And commercial pilots face risks, Occupational Outlook Quarterly • Summer 2012 32

10 earn a certificate, appraisers might need auto is the most education typically required. repair or appraisal experience. For example, (See table 3, beginning on page 34.) And 10 the National Institute for Automotive Service of the occupations involve law enforcement, Excellence has a program on damage analysis fire fighting and prevention, or postal service and estimating, but applicants must have 2 work. years of experience to qualify. Forty-five occupations that usually require no more education than a high school diploma Some appraisers are licensed by the state had median annual wages of greater than in which they work. On-the-job training of $50,000 in May 2010. These occupations less than 1 year also helps workers become represent a diverse mix of careers, ranging competent in the occupation. from loan officers to elevator installers and - Telecommunications equipment install repairers. ers and repairers, except line installers. But you probably won’t be prepared for a These workers install and fix Internet, tele - high-paying job with a diploma alone: all of phone, cable television, and other telecommu - the occupations in the table typically require - nications equipment. They explain to cus work experience in a related occupation, on- tomers how the equipment works and repair the-job training, or both, before workers can or replace faulty devices. Some set up and enter or become fully competent in them. maintain computerized switchboards or equip - All other managers. The top-paying ment in central offices or distribution centers occupation in the table includes a variety of of telecommunications companies. These job titles, such as security manager, supply workers may have job titles such as service chain manager, and wind energy project man - technician, field technician, telecom techni - ager. These workers oversee a wide range of cian, and PBX installer and repairer. people, projects, or processes. Most of these workers are employed by BLS data show that about 56 percent of telecommunications firms. Others work for these workers were self-employed in 2010. wiring installation contractors. Many also worked for federal, state, and local Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers typically need some education (Continued on page 36) after high school, such as having completed a certificate program in electronics repair. - Some workers take classes offered by equip High-paying high ment manufacturers. Industry certification is school level occupations needed for certain jobs. And many workers typically require work receive on-the-job training, which can last from several weeks to a few months. experience in a related These workers have higher injury rates occupation, on-the-job than workers in many other occupations. Tak - training, or both. ing precautions, such as using safety equip - ment, helps workers to avoid electrical shocks, burns, falls, and other risks. Some telecom - munications equipment installers and repair - ers belong to a union. High school diploma A high school diploma can lead to a high- paying job in many fields, including those in management or public service. Supervisors or managers make up 11 of the highest paying occupations for which a high school diploma • 33 Occupational Outlook Quarterly Summer 2012

11 Table 3: Occupations typically requiring a high school diploma On-the-job Projected job Work Median annual Occupation 1 2 openings, 2010-20 training experience wage, May 2010 1 to 5 249,400 None Managers, all other $96,450 years Transportation, storage, and distribution More than 33,700 None 80,210 managers 5 years Moderate-term First-line supervisors of police and 1 to 5 38,700 78,260 on-the-job years detectives training 1 to 5 99,800 None Administrative services managers 77,890 years Long-term on- 2,000 None Nuclear power reactor operators 75,650 the-job training Elevator installers and repairers 8,200 None Apprenticeship 70,910 Long-term on- 3,600 None Power distributors and dispatchers 68,900 the-job training First-line supervisors of non-retail sales More than 123,500 68,880 None 5 years workers Moderate-term 1 to 5 Detectives and criminal investigators 30,100 on-the-job 68,820 years training Long-term on- Fashion designers 64,530 6,700 None the-job training Long-term on- Power plant operators 63,080 None 14,400 the-job training Long-term on- Less than 327,200 62,450 Business operations specialists, all other the-job training 1 year Moderate-term Media and communication equipment 61,680 None on-the-job 3,300 workers, all other training Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural More than 60,750 234,500 None 5 years managers Moderate-term 1 to 5 4,800 60,300 Postmasters and mail superintendents on-the-job years training Long-term on- Petroleum pump system operators, refinery 60,040 14,400 None operators, and gaugers the-job training First-line supervisors of mechanics, 1 to 5 59,150 164,900 None years installers, and repairers Long-term on- Artists and related workers, all other 58,840 4,800 None the-job training First-line supervisors of construction trades More than 58,680 259,700 None and extraction workers 5 years Long-term on- Claims adjusters, examiners, and 58,620 79,900 None investigators the-job training Occupational Outlook Quarterly • Summer 2012 34

12 (continued) Table 3: Occupations typically requiring a high school diploma Projected job Work On-the-job Median annual Occupation 2 1 training openings, 2010-20 experience wage, May 2010 Long-term on- Electrical power-line installers and $58,030 52,700 None the-job training repairers Long-term on- 4,500 None Gas plant operators 57,200 the-job training Moderate-term Subway and streetcar operators 2,800 None on-the-job 56,880 training Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, Long-term on- 56,580 91,200 None and farm products the-job training Moderate-term Loan officers 115,200 None 56,490 on-the-job training Moderate-term First-line supervisors of correctional 1 to 5 16,500 on-the-job 55,910 years officers training Long-term on- 55,490 None Chemical plant and system operators 14,100 the-job training 1 to 5 54,910 29,700 None Real estate brokers years Apprenticeship None Boilermakers 54,640 11,800 Short-term on- Transit and railroad police None 54,330 1,100 the-job training Buyers and purchasing agents, farm Long-term on- 54,220 3,200 None the-job training products Short-term on- 53,860 None Postal service mail carriers 103,400 the-job training Moderate-term 53,540 249,400 None on-the-job Police and sheriff’s patrol officers training Short-term on- Postal service clerks 53,100 15,500 None the-job training Postal service mail sorters, processors, and Short-term on- 7,500 53,080 None processing machine operators the-job training First-line supervisors of transportation and 1 to 5 52,720 69,300 None material-moving machine and vehicle years operators Sales representatives, wholesale and Moderate-term on-the-job 52,440 559,900 None manufacturing, except technical and scientific products training Moderate-term More than Construction and building inspectors 52,360 48,600 on-the-job 5 years training Moderate-term More than Fire inspectors and investigators 52,230 4,700 on-the-job 5 years training • 35 Occupational Outlook Quarterly Summer 2012

13 (continued) Table 3: Occupations typically requiring a high school diploma Projected job Work On-the-job Median annual Occupation 2 1 openings, 2010-20 experience training wage, May 2010 Long-term on- Stationary engineers and boiler operators 10,600 None $52,140 the-job training Long-term on- Plant and system operators, all other 51,980 3,700 None the-job training Short-term on- 9,600 51,800 None Legal support workers, all other the-job training Property, real estate, and community 1 to 5 51,480 82,300 None years association managers Telecommunications line installers and Long-term on- 50,850 51,400 None the-job training repairers Short-term on- None 270,100 Sales representatives, services, all other 50,620 the-job training 1 May 2010 median annual wage for all occupations: $33,840. Wage data are for wage and salary workers only. 2 Denotes work experience in a related occupation. Source: BLS Employment Projections program (projected job openings, education and training data), Occupational Employment Statistics program (wage data). (Continued from page 33) workers put in 50 hours or more a week on the job in 2010. governments; management firms; colleges and First-line supervisors of police and universities; hospitals; and insurance carriers. detectives. These supervisors coordinate the investigation of criminal cases, train staff, and Work experience in a related occupation is oversee other tasks related to police opera - - often needed to enter this occupation. Sched tions. They may have job titles such as chief ules for these managers vary; about 26 percent - of police, police captain, police shift com of workers spent 50 hours or more a week on mander, lieutenant, and detective sergeant. the job in 2010. But others worked part-time Law enforcement experience and on-the- or variable schedules. - job training—such as attending a police acad Transportation, storage, and distribu - emy to learn about related laws, use-of-force These workers are in charge tion managers. policies, and crowd-control techniques—are of operations that range from railroads to usually required to qualify for these positions. shipping facilities. They manage budgets, set Most first-line supervisors of police and - policies and standards, and direct procure detectives are employed by state and local ment. governments. Some of the industries that employ the Administrative services managers. largest number of these workers are federal, Administrative services managers coordi - state, and local governments; general and nate support services for an organization or specialized freight trucking; and warehousing department, such as facilities maintenance or and storage. Related industry experience— records and information management. They such as having been a supervisor at a trans - oversee budgets, hire staff, buy supplies, and portation, storage, or distribution facility—is help maintain equipment. often required to qualify for one of these These managers are employed in many management positions. different industries, including construction and healthcare. Most work their way up from Wages for these workers are high, but related positions. work hours may be long: about 20 percent of Occupational Outlook Quarterly • Summer 2012 36

14 To learn more about the BLS education Administrative services managers may and training data, visit www.bls.gov/emp/ep_ work long hours, with over 25 percent of . From this education_training_system.htm workers putting in 50 hours or more per week page, you can find an occupation’s education in 2010. and training assignments ( www.bls.gov/emp/ These Nuclear power reactor operators. ), check out the educational ep_table_112.htm workers control nuclear reactors, check for backgrounds of workers in an occupation problems, and monitor systems to ensure www.bls.gov/emp/ep_table_111.htm ), and ( that nuclear power plants operate safely. more. They make adjustments as needed, following An April 2012 Monthly Labor Review standard procedures. And they may handle article, “Employment Projections through nuclear fuel elements. the Lens of Education and Training,” dis - Jobs for nuclear power reactor operators cusses the BLS occupational projections and involve risk. Because of this, they have very education and training categories in greater specific requirements, including licensure by detail. It is available at www.bls.gov/opub/ the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To get mlr/2012/04/art2full.pdf . a license, workers typically need at least 3 Other U.S. Department of Labor resources years of experience working in a power plant, also provide career information, including followed by at least 1 year of training, after - skill requirements, education and training pro which they must pass a written exam and viders, apprenticeships, and career services. operating test. Many power reactor operators For example, see the following sources: are members of a union. , for O*NET, • www.onetonline.org detailed information about occupa - tions For more information • My Next Move, www.mynextmove. , for career guidance, occupational org Explore many of the occupations highlighted information, job postings, and educa - - in this article, along with hundreds of oth tion and training providers ers, in the Occupational Outlook Handbook www. Office of Apprenticeship, • www.bls.gov/ooh ) at has OOH . The ( OOH doleta.gov/oa , for information about detailed descriptions of education and training apprenticeship occupations requirements and describes the nature of the work, wages, and other career information for www.servicelocator. Service Locator, • 341 occupations. , to find career services near you. org • 37 Occupational Outlook Quarterly Summer 2012

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