1 T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S M E X I C O - C A N A D A A G R E E M E N T F A C T S H E E T - Intellectual Property comprehensive The United States - Mexico the Canada Agreement (USMCA) is standard - most high and - ) Texas (34th Congressional District fully It . NAFTA ever agreement trade the meet to the rebalances and modernizes, updates, negotiated st of the 21 and century economy challenges to ensure that American workers, farmers, ranchers, and of benefits the in share enterprises, sized - medium and - small including businesses, . agreement It the will that help prosperity, promote fairer and more balanced trade, and help ensure economic North drive America remains the world’s most competitive region . The USMCA Establishes the Most Comprehensive Rules on Intellectual Property to Date The USMCA sets the highest standard of any U . S . trade agreement for strong, effective protection and critical enforcement property (IP) rights, which are intellectual to driving innovation, creating economic of growth, the supporting American jobs . Although the USMCA IP Chapter is a significant upgrade from and Chapter the in nothing NAFTA, . law . S . U to changes requires USMCA NAFTA Incomplete national treatment for copyright and for copyright and related rights. Full national treatment related rights. Copyright term of life of author+ 50 years or Copyright term of life of author +70 years or publication +75 years . publication +50 years. No copyright safe harbor system to deter online deter online piracy . Establishes appropriate copyright safe harbors to piracy. requirement to apply enforcement Requires application of enforcement measures to the digital No explicit environment obligations to the digital environment. . Minimum 10 year protection for industrial Minimum 15 year protection for industrial designs. designs. No patent term extension for unreasonable Mandates patent term extension for unreasonable patent office and regulatory delays. patent office and regulatory delays. Does not require criminal procedures and Requires criminal procedures and penalties for camcording . penalties for camcording . Strong civil and criminal trade secret protections, including against Weaker and general trade secret protection. . misappropriation by state - owned enterprises 5 years of data protection for ag. chemicals. of data protection for agricultural chemicals. 10 years Minimal protections against nontransparent GI Strongest due process and transparency requirements for GI protection systems in any FTA . systems. No explicit protections against circumvention of Requires protection against circumvention of technological protection technological protection measures. measures. No mandatory ex officio authority for customs Requires ex officio authority for customs officials to stop suspected officials to stop suspected counterfeit goods. counterfeit goods . Requires criminal penalties and civil remedies Does not require criminal penalties and civil for both be available remedies for cable theft. satellite and cable theft. No detailed provisions expressing a shared Reaffirms Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health . understanding on IP Chapter and public health. This for biologic medicines. Provides for 10 years of data protection No explicit data protection for biologic will require NO CHANGES to U.S. law and Congress retains its medicines. discretion to legislate ; however, M exico and Canada will need to come into closer alignment with current U.S. law. 3 years of data protection No data protection for new indications or new for new indications; or 5 years for new combinations for pharmaceutical products. combinations for pharmaceutical products.
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