Air Quality Booklet

Transcript

1 A Practical Resource Guide for Improving Air Quality in the Fairbanks North Star Borough

2 What is PM ? 2.5 Air quality problems can occur at any time There are many different kinds of air pollution. The of the year; however, certain areas of the Fairbanks Clean Air Act requires the Environmental Protection North Star Borough (FNSB) are subject to intensified Agency (EPA) to set national standards for six of episodes of air pollution in the winter months, and the most common air pollutants: carbon monoxide, occasionally during summer months if there are forest ground-level ozone, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, fires in the area. lead and particulate matter. Air pollution does not necessarily have to be visible to be present. There are Colder temperatures bring an increase in many potential sources of air pollution, including both home heating and transportation use, as well as the natural and man-made sources. potential for temperature inversions. An inversion is a layer of cold air trapped below a layer of warmer air. Particulate matter is made up of a number of This creates a “ceiling” that makes it difficult for air microscopic components, including acids (such as pollution to disperse from the air we breathe. nitrates and sulfates), organic chemicals, metals, and soil or dust particles. It is classified as either coarse or fine, according to particle size. Coarse particulate matter measures between 2.5 and 10 microns in diameter, and is comprised of particles such as dust. Fine particulate matter (or PM ) refers to 2.5 particles measuring 2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller. They are roughly 25 times smaller than the Emissions from home heating, especially from diameter of a human hair. PM is a by-product of 2.5 wood-burning appliances, are the main source of PM 2.5 incomplete combustion and becomes suspended in our during the winter months; however, transportation, air as a complex mixture of extremely small particles power plants, etc, also contribute a smaller portion of and liquid droplets. the pollution. Samples of air were collected and analyzed at many sites around the Borough between 2008 and 2013. Here Other is just one ~11% example of the breakdown for the winter No. 2 Fuel Oil of 2012/13 at the North Pole ~14% Fire Station Woodsmoke monitor, which ~75% generally experiences the worst of the poor air quality days. 2 Fairbanks North Star Borough - Air Quality Division

3 AThects Your Health How PM 2.5 accumulation of particles in their system. In high Every time you take a breath, you inhale a variety of concentrations, PM particles that are suspended in the air. The air we is particularly hazardous for 2.5 breath is a mixture of particles of all different sizes, children, seniors, and those with asthma, diabetes, most of which are too small to see. The composition and heart or lung disease, and even pregnant women. depends upon the local air quality conditions and can Poor air quality results in an increase in emergency change dramatically throughout the day. The size of room visits, hospitalization, and time off from work or the particles is directly linked to their potential for school. causing health problems. Usually, the nose and throat has been linked to: Short term exposure to PM 2.5 filter large particles in the air, but both coarse (PM ) 10 decreased lung function ● and fine particulate matter (PM ) can penetrate deep 2.5 into the lungs and either accumulate there or enter the increased respiratory symptoms, such as ● bloodstream. The EPA is concerned about particles irritation of the airways, coughing, or difficulty that are 2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller breathing because these are the most hazardous to health. The cardiac ● smaller the particle, the more damage it can potentially arrhythmias do. (i.e. irregular While not everyone will experience symptoms heartbeat) when breathing in polluted air, certain groups tend to exacerbation ● be more sensitive. Children are especially sensitive of heart and to the effects of PM because their lungs are still 2.5 lung diseases developing. Children have a higher respiratory rate or even premature death for people with those than adults, so they tend to breath in more particles conditions than the average adult. Long term exposure to PM has been linked to: 2.5 Anyone that already has lung or heart disease will find their symptoms are aggravated by the ● chronic respiratory disease, such as pneumonia and emphysema lung cancer deaths ● premature death ● from heart attacks and other cardiovascular disease ● infant mortality and developmental problems like low birth weight Small Changes, Big Rewards 3

4 Nonattainment Area The PM 2.5 In 1970, Congress created the Environmental known places that were designated by the EPA as Nonattainment areas for PM Protection Agency (EPA) and passed the Clean Air in 2009 are Los Angeles, 2.5 Act, authorizing the federal government to clean up California and New York City, New York. air pollution in the US. Since then the EPA, states, The EPA has different regulatory processes for tribes, local governments, industry, and environmental managing human-caused air pollution than pollution groups have worked to establish programs to reduce caused by natural sources, such as forest fires. Natural air pollution levels across America. pollution sources are difficult, if not impossible, for In December 2006, the EPA strengthened states and local governments to effectively regulate the national ambient air quality standards for fine and control. Instead, regulatory agencies target man- particulate matter (PM made sources of air pollution (such as transportation ). Air quality data collected 2.5 and home heating), which they have a greater ability in the FNSB between 2004 and 2007 included several to control. The Bureau of Land Management and the days that exceeded the 24-hour average exposure limit Alaska Division of Forestry deal with forest fires, but of 35 micrograms/cubic meter for PM , leading to a 2.5 their goal is to protect human lives and structures. portion of the FNSB (including the City of Fairbanks and the City of North Pole) to be designated a The EPA only regulates man-made sources of air PM Nonattainment area in 2009. Two other well- pollution. 2.5 4 Fairbanks North Star Borough - Air Quality Division

5 Timeline for Compliance Dec. 2019 Deadline for meeting In December 2009, the EPA designated the Borough attainment as a Nonattainment area for PM , based on the 24- 2.5 hour average measurements. This designation set off a series of requirements and benchmarks that allow the EPA to monitor our efforts to improve the air quality for our residents, and it started a clock for coming into 2017 In June 2017, the Borough compliance with the Clean Air Act. was designated by the EPA Once listed, the State has three years to establish a as “serious” status. A new “State Implementation Plan” or SIP that demonstrates SIP must be submitted (through modeling) how we are going to meet the that includes much more PM standard. The plan, which was due in December 2.5 stringent measures than 2012, was to include both the methods to be before. implemented and the expected effectiveness of those methods. The State, working together with the Borough, was set to submit the SIP in January 2013, only to have the EPA set a new SIP submittal date of December SIP submitted for review Dec. 2014 2014. The SIP that was submitted failed to show that by the EPA. we could meet attainment by December 2015, and in June 2017, the EPA deemed the Borough a “Serious” EPA changed the deadline Jan. 2013 Nonattainment Area and a new SIP will have to be for the SIP to Dec. 2014 submitted. If the Borough does not meet EPA requirements, Dec. 2014 State Implementation Plan the EPA can impose consequences to force compliance. (SIP) due to the EPA In the past, the EPA has imposed the following restrictions on non-attainment areas: Dec. 2008 Final rule for designation Federal involvement in all phases of state air ● of a portion of the FNSB permitting decisions as a PM Nonattainment 2.5 ● Regulation of wood stoves and bans on outdoor Area, and the boundary is burning set by the EPA. ● Loss of federal highway funds 2006 - 2008 EPA tightened the ● More expensive emissions requirements for standard for the 24 hour industrial facilities average of fine particulate 3 ● Increased taxes and vehicle registration fees to matter from 65 μg/m 3 to encourage retirement of older vehicles, . The State of 35 μg/m and the implementation of state vehicle Alaska begins the process inspection programs of limiting the boundary of the area to a smaller Increased regulations for transportation ● portion of the Borough. development Small Changes, Big Rewards 5

6 State & Borough Involvement There are several ways both the State of Alaska and the Borough are trying to help bring our community into compliance. The goal is to balance the unique situation that residents face with the EPA mandates. WHAT IS THE STATE DOING TO HELP? The State has been working in conjunction with the Borough to help implement several methods to help mitigate our air quality problems. Here are just a few: Assisting the Borough on projects to characterize the PM ● 2.5 ● Responding to air quality complaints and following up with appropriate actions to mitigate impacts ● Coordinating planning efforts between the Borough, ADEC, and EPA ● Assisting the Borough with educational outreach efforts Implementing regulations to help curb particulate matter emissions ● ● In the past, funded a significant portion of the Borough’s Wood Stove Change Out Program ? WHAT IS THE BOROUGH DOING TO REDUCE PM 2.5 The Borough’s main focus has been on public awareness and educational campaigns, designed to help residents understand the problems that we face and give them ways to help better our air quality. Outreach efforts include (but are not limited to): AQFairbanks.com, bringing the public relevant information about the many different programs the ● Borough has to offer, as well as a wealth of general air quality information ● Split, Stack, Store & Save campaign Plug It In at +20o campaign ● Air Quality alerts via text or ● email ● Moisture meter loan program ● Having a presence at public events The Borough has also implemented the following: ● Implement, operate and partially fund the Wood Stove Change Out program ● Adoption of ordinances regulating wood burning and nuisance emissions, including instituting complaints investigation and enforcement with the possibility of fines for noncompliance ● “Sniffer” monitoring program ● Technical studies to identify source contributions 6 Fairbanks North Star Borough - Air Quality Division

7 What is the Air Quality Index (AQI)? The EPA generally considers an AQI value of 100 According to AirNow.gov, the air quality index (AQI) as the national air quality standard for the pollutant in is used to report daily air quality conditions and the question. AQI values at or under 100 are satisfactory; associated health effects over the course of the next few however, anything above 100 is considered to be hours to days. unhealthy. Each day, a stationary monitor in Fairbanks The AQI is a tool to help you understand what records concentrations of the major pollutants, and local air quality means to you and your health. To this raw data is converted into a separate AQI value for make it easier to understand, the AQI is divided into each pollutant (ground-level ozone, particle pollution, six categories: good, moderate, unhealthy for sensitive carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide) using standard groups, unhealthy, very unhealthy, and hazardous (see formulas developed by EPA. The highest of these AQI chart below). values is reported as the AQI value for that day. A stationary monitor in North Pole currently monitors Air quality can vary in different parts of the PM levels. Locally, our biggest concern has been fine 2.5 Borough, and it can change drastically in a few hours. particulate matter (PM ). 2.5 During the summer, when smoke from forest fires can be a significant contributor to poor air quality, The AQI is a number that runs from 0 to 500, and and during the winter when home heating and vehicle should not be confused with actual concentrations exhaust affect air quality, residents must make careful of pollutants. The higher the AQI value, the greater decisions about what sort of activity is advisable for the level of air pollution and the greater the health their health concerns. concern. For example, an AQI value of 50 represents good air quality with little potential to affect public For more information about the AQI, check out: health, while an AQI value over 300 represents www3.epa.gov/ttn/caaa/t1/memoranda/rg701.pdf. hazardous air quality. Guide to the AQI & Air Pollution Health Statements ** This is just a number, and should not be confused with concentration of pollutants. ** Small Changes, Big Rewards 7

8 Air Quality Forecasts & Alerts The Borough issues air quality forecasts throughout the year. During the summer months, the air quality index (AQI) generally remains “Good;” however, this can change during times of active forest fires. During the winter months (October 1st - March 31st), whenever we are forecast to have poor air quality, the Borough’s air quality division may call a stage 1 or stage 2 alert depending on just how bad the air quality is expected to get, which affects those that heat with solid fuel (e.g. cord wood, pellets or coal) in the Air Quality Control Zone (see page 9 for a map of the area). What happens if an alert is called? -- Burning is ON LY Stage 1 Alert permitted if a person has a Stage 1 Waiver or a No Other Adequate Source of Heat (NOASH) Waiver. Waivers will only be granted for Borough listed solid fuel burning appliances (e.g. EPA certified wood and pellet stoves with emissions rating of 2.5 g/hr or less, EPA certified hydronic heaters with an emission rating of 0.10 lbs/million btu or less, masonry heaters, cook stoves, and fireplaces). Called when the 3 concentration of fine particulate matter (PM ) exceeds or is forecast to exceed 25 micrograms/m . 2.5 Stage 2 Alert -- All burning of solid fuel (e.g. cord wood, pellets, coal) is prohibited. No fuel source may be added to the combustion chamber or firebox of any solid fuel burning appliance or waste/used oil burning 3 appliance. Called when the concentration of PM exceeds or is forecast to exceed 35 micrograms/m . 2.5 These restrictions DO NOT apply during a power failure, and the Borough offers a waiver for those who are unable to comply and meet certain criteria. How do I know if there is an air quality alert? There are several ways to find out what the air quality forecast is, and whether or not any air quality alerts are in effect: ● Sign up for text and/or email alerts at AQFairbanks.com/Pages/AQ-Advisory- Sign-up-Form.aspx ● Follow us at facebook.com/AQFairbanks ● Visit AQFairbanks.com ● Be on the lookout for the electronic highway signs posted around the community ● Watch the evening news ● Call 459-1234 for a recording of the daily air quality forecast Download the FNSB Air Quality Phone App ● Download our mobile app at m.fnsb.us/aq by visiting: m.fnsb.us/aq 8 Fairbanks North Star Borough - Air Quality Division

9 Small Changes, Big Rewards 9

10 Heating Your Home or Business With Wood Research confirms that dry wood is cleaner and safer **Firewood must have 20% or less to burn than wet wood. Burning wet wood is less moisture content to be legal to burn, efficient and produces excessive smoke and PM . 2.5 per State and Borough regulations** To burn efficiently, wood should have a moisture content of 20% or less**. It takes firewood a minimum of 6 warm months to dry! Here are a few tips to help ensure To prepare firewood, remember to ... that you have dry wood: ● Remove all of the guess work by measuring moisture content with a moisture meter, which displays the actual percent moisture content of wood. They are available at local retailers, or through a loan program at the FNSB Air Quality Division office. ● We i g h t . Dryer wood will feel considerably lighter than a similarly sized, unseasoned piece of wood ● Sound . Knock two logs together. Typically, the more hollow the sound the dryer the wood. ● Texture . Look for “checks” (or cracks) in the wood, which can be a good indicator of dry wood. 10 Fairbanks North Star Borough - Air Quality Division

11 Heating Your Home or Business With Wood IMPORTANT MESSAGE REGARDING NEW A Few Reminders About Burning Wood ... INSTALLATIONS OF SOLID FUEL BURNING Burn only clean, dry firewood that is 20% or less ● Borough Code 21.28.030, limits the APPLIANCES! moisture content. Never burn trash or treated type of solid-fuel heating appliances allowed to be wood, which are illegal to burn and can emit toxic Nonattainment installed within the Borough’s PM 2.5 air pollutants. Area. Only EPA certified wood and pellet stoves with Start it right. Use only clean newspaper or dry ● emissions ratings of 2.5 grams per hour or less, or EPA kindling to start a fire. Gradually add larger pieces Certified hydronic heaters with an emissions rating of of kindling and wood until the fire is burning hot. 0.10 pounds per million BTU or less, masonry heaters, cook stoves, or fireplaces may be installed. Be sure to ● The fire should be HOT . Do not let the fire check the tags on the appliances to see whether or not smolder. In non-EPA certified stoves, dampening they meet the emissions down a fire so it burns slowly causes the fire to requirements. burn inefficiently, requiring more wood for the same amount of heat, and increases air FNSB Wood pollution. In comparison, newer EPA certified Stove Change Out stoves utilize technology that allows them to burn Program more efficiently at lower burn rate settings. Since 2010, the ● Proper air flow is important. In modern Borough has had a appliances, the gases released from burning logs program in place can be burned in the firebox as fuel. If there is to incentivize the not enough air in the firebox, these gases will replacement, removal remain unburned and go up the chimney causing and repair of wood- you to lose money and produce more pollution. and coal-burning heating appliances. The eligibility ● Regular maintenance is a must! Regularly clean requirements and incentives ashes from your wood-burning appliance to have changed throughout prevent build up that can clog the air intake the years. vents, reducing efficiency. Also, be sure to have The program is still your chimney swept annually to prevent creosote in place to help people in buildup, which can cause chimney fires. select areas of the Borough’s Air Quality Control Zone. If you have an older wood- or coal-burning heating appliance that you would like to upgrade, or simply get rid of, visit AQFairbanks.com or call 459-1005 for more details. Funding is limited, so be sure to apply soon! Small Changes, Big Rewards 11

12 Burn Barrels & Open Burning Burn permits are required for all open burning (including IMPORTANT MESSAGE! st st - August 31 burn barrels) from April 1 . Also, open burning is PROHIBITED in st st the FNSB PM Nonattainment Area between November 1 and March 31 , as well as 2.5 any time the State of Alaska issues an Air Quality Advisory (per State of Alaska Code 18 AAC 50.06). General Open Burning Requirements DO: ... pick up your General Burn Permit from the Fairbanks Area Forestry Office at 3700 Airport Way ... visit dec.alaska.gov/air/ap/Burn_infor.htm or call the Burn Permit Advisory line at 907-451-2631 before you burn ... make sure at least one adult is present with a burn permit on hand ... make sure there is a water source nearby, as well as sufficient tools (ie rake, shovel, metal bucket) to help put the fire out ... make sure the fire area is at least 30 feet away from any structure or utility corridor ... be courteous of your neighbor and limit the amount of smoke being produced as much as possible : DO NOT ... burn when a burn suspension is in effect or on windy days. ... burn any illegal materials that create black smoke or toxic gases, such as plastics, garbage, insulation, styrofoam, treated wood, etc ... leave the fire unattended Burn Barrel Design & Use ● Choose a clean metal barrel in good condition ● At minimum, cut 3 evenly-spaced, 3-inch square draft vents around the lower section of the barrel ● Cover all vent openings and the top of the barrel with 5/8 inch woven metal mesh screen ● Clear all flammable material and vegetation away to 6 feet on all sides of your burn barrel ● Only burn paper, untreated wood, or organic debris (such as lawn clippings or brush) in the barrel. Be sure that the material is dry prior to burning, to reduce the being produced. amount of smoke and PM 2.5 12 Fairbanks North Star Borough - Air Quality Division

13 Ride The MACS Transit Bus Public transportation helps reduce fuel consumption, relieves congestion on our roads, and improves our air quality. Alaska is not suited to an East Coast style transportation system with street cars and subways, so the Borough has worked to create the best public transit system geared toward the accessibility needs of its residents. The MACS Transit Bus System operates on ten lines around Fairbanks and North Pole, Monday - Saturday. All routes, except the Yellow and Grey Lines, meet at the Max C. Lyon Transit Center (501 Cushman Street). Schedules, with route times and bus stop locations, are available around town, on the buses, at the Transit Center, and online. FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT MACSTransit.com facebook.com/MACSTransit OR CALL (907) 459-1011 Big Dipper Ice Arena, FNA Head ORANGE LINE : Start, Van Horn & Lathrop, Transit Admin. Offices, Jillian Square, Fred Meyer West : Shoppers Forum, Fred Meyer West, RED LINE University/Sandvik, UAF Wood Center, Aurora/ Walmart Mall, College Road/Diane, BLUE LINE : Tamarack, Helmricks Street/Mt Mckinley Bank/ Aurora/Tamarak, UAF Wood Center, UAF Museum, Behavioral Health Center Fred Meyer West, Pioneer Park, Carlson Center, Shoppers Forum YELLOW LINE : Fred Meyer West, Airport, UAF Wood Center, University West C & Eureka, Bently Mall, Fred Meyer : BROWN LINE East Each time you change buses you will have to NOTE: use a token, pay cash or use a pass. If you are using GOLD LINE : Arctic Light Elementary School, the bus 3 or more times per day a pass will save you Frontier Lodge, Bassett Hospital money. GRAY LINE Fred Meyer East, McGrath Road to : Drivers do not have money for change. Town and Country Mobile Home Park, Summit Drive, Grenac Road, Scenic Loop, DAY MONTH SINGLE BUS FARES PASS PASS FARE Ballaine Road, UAF Wood Center 3 for 1 1 per Tokens -- 5 for $5 Old Richardson/South : GREEN LINE ride day pass Cushman, McPeaks, Badger/Nordale, $40.00 $3.00 $1.50 Regular Fare North Pole Mall, North Pole HS, Grade K-12 $20.00 $0.75 $2.00 Pool, North Pole Middle School/Wescott Disabled Santa Claus House, Beaverbrook Mall, Medicare/Medical Card Holders Badger/Nordale, McPeaks Active Military & Dependents PURPLE LINE Easy Street, 23rd & : FREE FREE FREE Children (5 & under) Lathrop, Chief Andrew Isaac Health Seniors (60+) Center, Fairbanks Memorial Hospital UAF Staff & Students Small Changes, Big Rewards 13

14 What Else n You Do To Help Keep Our Air Clean? Ca Plug It In at +20 or Colder! Carpool With Friends Another great way to save money and help improve Whenever the temperature is +20o or below, be sure air quality is to carpool. You can cut your daily to plug in your vehicle. Making sure the engine transportation costs in half by carpooling with is warmer when you start it saves you money on someone. An extra few minutes to pick up a coworker gas, limits wear and tear on your vehicle, and helps or fellow student can save money, gas, and reduce improve air quality by reducing emissions from cold pollution, particularly in the winter. You’ll also limit starts. wear and tear on your vehicle and tires because you’ll be driving it less. You can even take time during your A well-maintained vehicle only needs to be commute to prepare yourself or relax a little longer plugged in for 2-5 hours prior to startup (a little more before your day. You can easily carpool when: for diesels), depending on just how cold it is outside. If you are plugging in at home, be sure to use a timer, ... going to work. Workplaces can encourage which turns the electricity on to your vehicle at a carpooling by posting signs, helping employees specified time. You save money by not having the coordinate rides, or even creating a program vehicle plugged in for longer than necessary. to encourage workers to ride together. Idling produces a lot of pollution because it ... driving to school, simply pick up a fellow uses more fuel than necessary. You will save fuel by student on the way. turning off the engine if you expect to idle the vehicle ... taking your kids to sports practices or games, for longer than 30 or other activities, plan on picking up seconds. Limit teammates or friends. idling of vehicles to 10 minutes or ... going grocery shopping, plan on going with a less. friend. Also, if you have several places to go, plan the trip so that you drive the shortest You can distance possible. also reduce the pollution Carpooling may not always work; however, even one from your car, day per week can make a big difference -- both for including carbon your finances and for air quality. monoxide and particulate Regular Maintenance of Heating Appliances matter, and save No matter what type of heating appliance you use yourself money to heat your home, it will be more efficient when by keeping the regularly maintained, saving you money because you tires properly use less fuel. Be sure that chimneys are thoroughly inflated and cleaned, so air flow is not impeded and to get rid of having regular any creosote that may have built up over the prior vehicle year. Also, be sure that the appliance itself is throughly maintenance cleaned out, to ensure that it is working as efficiently as performed. possible. Annual maintenance will also ensure that the appliance has a longer life span. 14 Fairbanks North Star Borough - Air Quality Division

15 n You Do To Help Keep Our Air Clean? What Else Ca Weatherize Your Home A building that is well insulated, with tightly fitting doors and windows allows less heat to escape during the winter, meaning your heating appliance does not have to work as hard and you will be more comfortable in general. No matter what type of fuel you use to heat your home or business, a well weatherized building saves you money because you use less fuel, and it reduces emissions helping to keep our air clean. What to do if you have an air quality complaint? According to State of Alaska Code 18 AAC 50.110, which prohibits air pollution; no person may permit any emission which is injurious to human health or welfare, animal or plant life, or property, or which would unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or property. The Borough also has code in place governing air pollution, including fines for noncompliance (see Borough code 21.28.030 for more details). If you believe you have observed activities that violate the above State regulation, you may use the complaint form located at: dec.alaska.gov/Applications/Air/airtoolsweb/ to report the activity. The complaint information you provide will be used to help Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) staff to investigate the complaint. This information is also shared with the Borough Air Quality staff, which may also investigate complaints. You may also contact the Fairbanks DEC Air Quality Division office at 451-5173 or the Borough Air Quality Division office at 459-1234 with your air quality concerns. When a complaint is received, the air quality staff works to gather enough information from the complainant to locate and identify the problem. They will then investigate and document the problem. Borough staff uses a mobile monitoring vehicle (aka the “Sniffer”) as well as a camera to help determine opacity to help document violations. If a violation is noted, then staff will follow up with whomever is causing the problem and try to work with them to remedy the situation. Every attempt is made to work with the person and limit actual enforcement measures. The goal is to work together to come up with a solution that will help everyone involved. Stay Informed! One of the best things you can do to help is to stay informed about local air quality conditions, and adjust your activities as needed. During times when conditions are especially poor, it is even more important to do what you can to help limit emissions. Even the smallest efforts can add up to have a huge impact. Remember, there are many ways we can each minimize the impact we have on our air quality. If we each do our part, we can clean up our air! Small Changes, Big Rewards 15

16 For more information visit AQFairbanks.com Here are some additional resources ... Air Quality Advisories and Complaints: Air Quality Complaints - dec.alaska.gov/Applications/Air/airtoolsweb/Complaints FNSB Advisories - fnsb.us/transportation/Pages/Air-Quality-Forecast.aspx State ADEC Real Time Air Quality Data - dec.alaska.gov/Applications/Air/airtoolsweb/Aq/ State ADEC Advisories - dec.alaska.gov/Applications/Air/airtoolsweb/Advisories EPA Air Quality Forecasts - AIRNow.gov Heating Your Home or Business with Wood: Wood Stove Change Out Program - fnsb.us/transportation/Pages/Change-Out-Program.aspx State Wood-Fired Heating Appliance Standards - burnwise.alaska.gov/standards.htm EPA Burn Wise Program - epa.gov/burnwise State ADEC Burn Wise Program - burnwise.alaska.gov/ FNSB Wood Cutting Areas - fnsb.us/lm/Pages/Timber%20On%20Borough%20Owned%20Land.aspx State of Alaska Wood Cutting Areas - forestry.alaska.gov/wood/index Open Burns and Wildfires: State of Alaska Burn Permit - dnr.alaska.gov/burn/ State ADEC Open Burn Info - dec.alaska.gov/air/ap/Burn_infor.htm State ADEC Wildfire Info - dec.alaska.gov/air/am/smoke.htm Regulations: State Implementation Plan - dec.alaska.gov/air/anpms/comm/fbks_pm2-5_moderate_SIP.htm Borough Code - codepublishing.com/AK/FairbanksNorthStarBorough/#!/FNSBC21/FNSBC2128.html Health Related Information: Health Effects of Ozone and Particle Pollution - lung.org/our-initiatives/healthy-air/sota/health-risks/ EPA’s Wood Smoke and Your Health - epa.gov/burnwise/wood-smoke-and-your-health For more information contact the FNSB Air Quality Division at: 3175 Peger Road Fairbanks, AK 99709 E: [email protected] ● P: (907) 459-1234 Revised October 2017

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