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1 z Info & Stats For Journalists National Sexual Violence Resource Center Statistics about sexual violence 81% of women and 35% of men report significant y Sexual violence in the U.S. short-term or long-term impacts such as Post- One in five women and one in 71 men will be raped y Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (a) at some point in their lives (a) y Health care is 16% higher for women who were y 46.4% lesbians, 74.9% bisexual women and 43.3% sexually abused as children (m) heterosexual women reported sexual violence other than rape during their lifetimes, while 40.2% gay Child sexual abuse men, 47.4% bisexual men and 20.8% heterosexual y One in four girls and one in six boys will be sexually men reported sexual violence other than rape during abused before they turn 18 years old (f) their lifetimes. (p) 34% of people who sexually abuse a child are family y y Nearly one in 10 women has been raped by an members (n) intimate partner in her lifetime, including completed forced penetration, attempted forced penetration y 12.3% of women were age 10 or younger at the time or alcohol/drug-facilitated completed penetration. of their first rape/victimization, and 30% of women Approximately one in 45 men has been made to were between the ages of 11 and 17 (a) penetrate an intimate partner during his lifetime. (b) y 27.8% of men were age 10 or younger at the time y 91% of the victims of rape and sexual assault are of their first rape/victimization (a) female, and 9% are male (o) More than one-third of women who report being raped y y In eight out of 10 cases of rape, the victim knew the before age 18 also experience rape as an adult (a) person who sexually assaulted them (l) 96% of people who sexually abuse children are y y 8% of rapes occur while the victim is at work (e) male, and 76.8% of people who sexually abuse children are adults (n) Cost and Impact y 325,000 children are at risk of becoming victims of Each rape costs approximately $151,423 (d) y commercial child sexual exploitation each year (m) y Annually, rape costs the U.S. more than any other y The average age at which girls first become victims crime ($127 billion), followed by assault ($93 billion), of prostitution is 12 to 14 years old, and the average murder ($71 billion), and drunk driving ($61 billion) (l) age for boys is 11 to 13 years old (m)

2 (e) Duhart, D. T. (2001). Violence in the workplace, 1993-99. Retrieved from the U.S. Campus Sexual assault Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics: http://www.bjs.gov/content/ pub/pdf/vw99.pdf y One in 5 women and one in 16 men are sexually (f) Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., Lewis, I. A., & Smith, C. (1990). Sexual abuse in a assaulted while in college (i). national survey of adult men and women: Prevalence, characteristics and risk Child Abuse & Neglect 14, factors. 19-28. doi:10.1016/0145-2134(90)90077-7 More than 90% of sexual assault victims on college y campuses do not report the assault (c) ., & Best, (g) Hanson, R. F., Resnick, H. S., Saunders, B. E., Kilpatrick, D. G C. (1999). Child Abuse and Neglect, 23, Factors related to the reporting of childhood rape. 63.3% of men at one university who self-reported y 559–569. doi:10.1016/S0145-2134(99)00028-9 acts qualifying as rape or attempted rape admitted (h) Heenan, M., & Murray, S. (2006). Study of reported rapes in Victoria 2000-2003: to committing repeat rapes (j) Retrieved from the State of Victoria (Australia), Summary research report. Department of Human Services: http://www.dhs.vic.gov.au/__data/assets/ pdf_file/0004/644152/StudyofReportedRapes.pdf Crime reports (i) Krebs, C. P., Lindquist, C., Warner, T., Fisher, B., & Martin, S. (2007). The campus Rape is the most under-reported crime; 63% of y sexual assault (CSA) study: Final report. Retrieved from the National Criminal Justice Reference Service: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/221153.pdf sexual assaults are not reported to police (o). Only 12% of child sexual abuse is reported to the (j) Lisak, D., Gardinier, L., Nicksa, S. C., & Cote, A. M. (2010). False allegations of sexual assault: An analysis of ten years of reported cases. Violence Against authorities (g). 1318-1334. doi:10.1177/1077801210387747 Women, 16, The prevalence of false reporting is between y (k) Lonsway, K. A., Archambault, J., & Lisak, D. (2009). False reports: Moving 2% and 10%. For example, a study of eight U.S. beyond the issue to successfully investigate and prosecute non-stranger sexual (1), 1-11. Retrieved from the National District Attorneys The Voice, 3 assault. communities, which included 2,059 cases of sexual Association: http://www.ndaa.org/pdf/the_voice_vol_3_no_1_2009.pdf assault, found a 7.1% rate of false reports (k). Victim costs and consequences: (l) Miller, T. R., Cohen, M. A., & Wiersema, B. (1996). A study of 136 sexual assault cases in Boston found (NCJ 155282). Retrieved from the U.S. Department of Justice, Office A new look of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/ a 5.9% rate of false reports (j). Researchers studied victcost.pdf 812 reports of sexual assault from 2000-03 and (m) National Coalition to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation. (2012). found a 2.1% rate of false reports (h). National Plan to Prevent the Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Children. Retrieved from http://www.preventtogether.org/Resources/Documents/ NationalPlan2012FINAL.pdf References (a) Black, M. C., Basile, K. C., Breiding, M. J., Smith, S .G., Walters, M. L., Merrick, M. (n) National Sexual Violence Resource Center. (2011). Child sexual abuse prevention: T., ... Stevens, M. R. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Retrieved from http://www.nsvrc.org/sites/default/files/Publications_ Overview. Survey: 2010 summary report. Retrieved from the Centers for Disease Control NSVRC_Overview_Child-sexual-abuse-prevention_0.pdf and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/NISVS_Report2010-a.pdf Rape and sexual assault: Reporting to police and medical (o) Rennison, C. A. (2002). attention, 1992-2000 [NCJ 194530]. Retrieved from the U.S. Department of Intimate Partner Violence in (b) Breiding, M. J., Chen J., & Black, M. C. (2014). Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics: http://bjs.ojp. the United States — 2010. Retrieved from the Centers for Disease Control and usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/rsarp00.pdf Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: http://www.cdc. gov/violenceprevention/pdf/cdc_nisvs_ipv_report_2013_v17_single_a.pdf The National Intimate Partner (p) Walters, M.L., Chen J., & Breiding, M.J. (2013). and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Findings on Victimization by Sexual (c) Fisher, B., Cullen, F., & Turner, M. (2000). The sexual victimization of college Retrieved from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Orientation. women (NCJ 182369). Retrieved from the National Criminal Justice Reference National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: Service: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/182369.pdf http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/NISVS_SOfindings.pdf (d) Delisi, M., Kosloski, A., Sween, M., Hachmeister, E., Moore, M., & Drury, A. (2010). Murder by numbers: Monetary costs imposed by a sample of homicide offenders. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 21, 501-513. doi:10.1080/14789940903564388 © National Sexual Violence Resource Center 2012, 2013, 2015. All rights reserved.

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